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Frederick WALKER (c.1820-1666)

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(The following biography is taken from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Thanks to David Moss, the author of the article.)

Frederick Walker was born in England around 1820 and died of gulf fever in Floraville, Queensland on 19 September 1866.

Walker emigrated to Australia as a young man. He held the position of Clerk of Petty Sessions in Tumut, NSW, before he was appointed as the first Commandant of the Native Police on the recommendation of William Charles Wentworth and Augustus Morris, two members of the Legislative Council.

As Commandant of the Corps of Native Police, Walker was spectacularly successsful ending the depradations of the Bigambul people in the Macintyre district.

In 1861 Walker led a party in search of the ill fated Burke and Wills expedition and kept a meticulous journal of the search. Walker's Creek, located near Marathon Station in far north Queensland is named after Frederick Walker.

Frederick Walker's grave is located 71 kilometers south of the township on Floraville Station, in far north Queensland. The inscription reads:

"On August 17 1848 Frederick Walker, aged 28, was appointed to the position of Commandant of the Corps of Native Police having emigrated from Australia from England. The Corps commenced with fourteen troopers recruited from four different New South Wales tribes. In 1850 Walker had three units and two lieutenants in the corps and by 1852 he increased the Corps with 48 additional Aboriginal troopers who were drilled and trained in the use of carbines, swords, saddles and bridles. The Native Mounted Police Corps were responsible for maintaining law and order beyond the settled districts. On 12 October 1854 Walker was dismissed from the service for impropriety of conduct due to his heavy drinking. After his dismissal he continued to live on the frontier and briefly formed an illegal force of ten ex-troopers from the Native Police Corps to protect settlers in the Upper Dawson region. In August of 1861 fears had grown for the safety of the Burke and Wills expedition and Walker was sent at the insistence of the Royal Society of Victoria to search for the ill-fated expedition.

"Frederick Walker was in many ways a remarkable man. His exploration of the Gulf assisted in opening up the region and his maps were considered accurate. Walker did not find Burke and Wills but he did find Camp 119, the last Burke and Wills camp before they turned south on their return journey. After lengthy explorations of the Gulf region Walker was then employed by the Superintendant of Electric Telegraph to survey a 500 mile route from Bowen to Burketown in a bid to compete against South Australia to have Burketown the end of the Trans-Oceanic link from Europe. Although Frederick Walker lost the race and Darwin became the terminus. He did survey the line. He arrived in Burketown with his party of four Europeans and four Aboriginal assistants at the height of the Gulf Fever - a typhoid which affected the Gulf after the arrival in Burketown of a vessel on which all the crew except the Captain died. Walker commenced his return journey but at Floraville he became ill and after several days he also died of the Gulf Fever on 19 September 1866. The entry in the expedition's logbook recorded the passing of a pioneer of the gulf: 'as soon as the horses were brought up and a couple saddled Perrier and Ewan were starting for the doctor of the Leichhardt search expedition which was camped about six miles off. But he (Walker) died before they mounted. He died at noon and was buried on the evening of the same day. So ended the life of a remarkable Australian."

Updated 22 April 2006