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Exploration Maps and Charts — Discovery of Australia by Sea

[For Land Expeditions, see Exploration Maps and Charts — Discovery of Australia by Land]

Project Gutenberg of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of Ned Overton
in re-designing and expanding the "Maps and Charts" page,
which is now a valuable resource when studying the discovery
and exploration of Australia, by land and sea, by non-indigenous people.



(Click on the map to display an enlarged version.)

The first part of this page is intended, with the help of more detailed images,
to extend and elucidate early chapters in core works in PGA:

Firstly, Heawood's "Geographical Exploration in the 17th and 18th Centuries";
Scott's "Australian Discovery: [Vol. I] Discovery by Sea"; and
Arnold Wood's "Discovery of Australia".

Secondly, other works in PGA, such as those by:

Tasman; Dampier
Cook; Banks; Flinders
Labillardiere; Péron; Grant
Heeres; Major; Collingridge; Walker
among others.

The World according to Ptolemy, ~150 AD.   Limits of early Arabian knowledge

The World according to Ptolemy, ~150 AD.

  Limits of early Arabian
geographic knowledge.
The Lande of Java.   Australia under Rotz

The Londe of Java according to Jean Rotz, 1542.

  The Lande of Java;
Australia as underlay.
Ortelius's map.   Hondius's' map

Ortelius's World Map, 1587;
Note "Beach", S.E corner.

  The Wright-Hakluyt Map of the World, 1600.
Linschotens' map   Thevenot after Blaeu

Hessel Gerritsz's Map of the Malay Archipelago and Australia, 1618-38.

  Thévenot after Blaeu, 1659, from Tasman, 1642-4.
N.W Australia after Dampier.   N.W Australia after Dampier.

Northwestern Australia according to Dampier, 1690.

  Vaugondy's Map, 1756 showing the longitude problem.
Australasia just before Phillip.   Australia after Flinders

New Holland, just before Phillip's arrival [1787].

  "Terra Australis" finally mapped [Flinders, 1822].



(Click on the map to display an enlarged version)

The second part of this page is intended to outline the more important individual voyages by sea leading to the discovery of the entire continent of Australia.

It also elucidates many works in PGA:

Firstly, core works:

Heawood's "Geographical Exploration in the 17th and 18th Centuries";
Ernest Scott's "Australian Discovery: [Vol. I] Discovery by Sea"; and
George Arnold Wood's "Discovery of Australia".

Secondly, other books in PGA, including those by or about:

Mendaña; Quiros; Torres
Jansz (Duyfken); Hartog; Tasman
Dampier; Cook; Bass; Flinders; Grant
D'Entrecasteaux; Baudin
Collingridge; Dalrymple; Heeres; Major; Walker

among others.

NOTE: In some earlier maps, west is up the page,
before the adoption of the present convention.

Mendana, Quiros and Torres   Voyage of Jansz.

Voyages by Mendaña, Quiros and Torres, 1567-1606.

  Jansz's Discovery Voyage in "Duyfken", 1606.
Hartog's Discovery   Dutch follow Brouwer.

Hartog's Discovery of Eendracht's Land, W.A., 1616.

  Following Brouwer's Route; the Dutch before Tasman.
Voyages of Tasman.   Dampier's Voyages

Tasman's Voyages, 1642-44: a copy from Swart, 1860.

  Dampier's Voyage to New Holland, 1699.
Three Voyages of Cook.   East Coast of New South Wales

Cook's Voyages around the World, 1769-1779.

  Cook's Map of the East Coast of "New South Wales", 1770.
Cook's NSW, Sheet 1.   Cook's NSW, Sheet 2.

Cook's Chart of S.E. "New South Wales": Point Hicks to Smoaky Cape.

  Cook's Chart of E. "New South Wales": Smoaky Cape to Cape Towsend.
Cook's NSW, Sheet 3.   Cook's NSW, Sheet 4.

Cook's Chart of N.E. "New South Wales": Cape Towsend to Cape Tribulation.

  Cook's Chart of N.E. "New South Wales": Cape Tribulation to Endeavour Streights.
Flinders Voyage in Investigator.   Flinders Voyage around Tasmania.

Flinders' Mapping in the "Investigator, 1801-03 [publ. 1814].

  Flinders' Original of Tasmania, 1798-9, including his discovery voyage with George Bass.



(Click on the map to display an enlarged version)

The final part of this page gives a few examples of selected areas of Australia's coastline visited in single voyages
from which resulted new and better maps, or in maps made close in time by different parties, particularly the French, after Dutch activity finished with the death of Van Diemen.

It also elucidates a number of works in PGA, apart from those of Scott and Wood.

These maps and works include:

Shark Bay, W.A. (See Eendracht's Land above; also Dampier; Péron; Flinders; King)

The Swan River, W.A. (Péron; Stirling [Hay])

Spencer's and St Vincent's Gulf, S.A. (Péron; Flinders)

The mainland costline through Bass Strait (Grant; Flinders); and

S.E. Tasmania (Tasman [Backhouse Walker]; D'Entrecasteaux [Labillardiere]).

Early maps of Botany Bay (Cook) and Jervis Bay (Britton) are appended for interest.

Vlamingh's D. Hartog Is.   Peron's Shark Bay
Vlamingh's Map of Dirk Hartog Island and environs, 1696-7.   Map by Beautemps-Beaupré (Péron) of Shark Bay, 1801-3.
Peron's Swan R.   Stirling's Swan R.
Péron's Map of The Swan River and environs, 1802.   Captains Stirling's Map of the same region, 1827.
Peron's Shark Bay   Peron's S.A. Gulfs.
Map by Flinders of the Gulfs of Spencer and St. Vincent, 1802.   Beautemps-Beaupré's (Péron's) Map of part of "La Terre Napoleon", 1803.
Grant's Bass Strait.   Flinders' Bass Strait.

James Grant first sails west to east through Bass Strait, 1800.

  Flinders' Map of Bass Strait and Islands, to 1803.
Tasman's First Map   Bruny's Map of S.E. Tasmania.

Tasman's Map of southern Tasmania, 1642.

  Beautemps-Beaupré's Map of Storm Bay, Tas., 1792 (Labillardière).
Cook's Botany Bay.   Weatherhead's Jervis Bay.
Botany Bay, N.S.W. by James Cook, 1770.   Jervis Bay, N.S.W. by Weatherhead, 1791.



Last Updated 14 Apr 2013