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Title: Madam Crowl's Ghost and Other Tales of Mystery
Author: Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu
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Title: Madam Crowl's Ghost and Other Tales of Mystery
Author: Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu
Editor: M R (Montague Rhodes James)

London: G. Bell and Sons, 1923
(first edition)

* * *

Madam Crowl's Ghost and Other Tales of Mystery
Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu
Collected and Edited by
M R James

* * *


    Prologue.   By the Editor
 1. Madam Crowl's Ghost
 2. Squire Toby's Will
 3. Dickon the Devil
 4. The Child that went with the Fairies
 5. The White Cat of Drumgunniol
 6. Some Strange Disturbances in an old House in Aungier Street
 7. Ghost Stories of Chapelizod
 8. Wicked Captain Walshawe, of Wauling
 9. Sir Dominick's Bargain: A Legend of Dunoran
10. Ultor de Lacy
11. The Vision of Tom Chuff
12. Stories of Lough Guir
    Epilogue, Bibliographical and Critical, By the Editor


Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu, who died just fifty years ago, was in his own
particular vein one of the best story-tellers of the nineteenth
century; and the present volume contains a collection of forgotten
tales by him, and of tales not previously known to be his.

There have always been readers and lovers of Le Fanu's works, though
not so many as those writings deserve. To these I know that the
addition which I bring to their stock will be welcome. But the larger
public, which knows not this Joseph, may be glad to be told what they
are to expect in his stories.

He stands absolutely in the first rank as a writer of ghost stories.
That is my deliberate verdict, after reading all the supernatural
tales I have been able to get hold of. Nobody sets the scene better
than he, nobody touches in the effective detail more deftly. I do not
think it is merely the fact of my being past middle age that leads me
to regard the leisureliness of his style as a merit; for I am by no
means inappreciative of the more modern efforts in this branch of
fiction. No, it has to be recognized, I am sure, that the ghost-story
is in itself a slightly old-fashioned form; it needs some
deliberateness in the telling: we listen to it the more readily if the
narrator poses as elderly, or throws back his experience to "some
thirty years ago."

I digress. Ghost stories and tales of mystery are what this volume
contains, and, in order to lure the reader on, I have placed the most
striking and sensational of them at the beginning of it. These are
also the most recent in date; for, as was natural, Le Fanu made
improvements in the proportions and in the conception of his short
stories as time went on. If the reader likes _Squire Toby's Will and
Madam Crowl's Ghost_, as I think he must, he will go on to the earlier
stories and find in them the same excellent qualities, only slightly
overlaid by the mannerisms of the forties and fifties.

I hope he will then inquire what other work of Le Fanu's is
accessible. To aid him in his search, I have put together in an
epilogue or appendix what I know of the order and character of Le
Fanu's novels and tales.

I need only add that the stories in this volume have been gleaned from
extinct periodicals. They are the result of a fairly long
investigation, but I am sure that some anonymous tales by my author
must have eluded me, and I shall be very grateful to any one who will
notify me of any that he is fortunate enough to find.

M. R. James.

Provost's Lodge,
Eton, _July_, 1923.

Note:--I have omitted three other stories of a similar nature, viz:
_The Mysterious Lodger_ (_Dublin University Magazine_, Vol. 50) which,
though it contains some excellent detail, is more in the nature of a
religious allegory than a ghost story proper; _My Aunt Margaret's
Adventure_ (_ibid_. 1864) which belongs to a class of which I
disapprove--the ghost-story which peters out into a natural
explanation; and also a fragment called _Hyacinth O'Toole_ which
appeared posthumously in _Temple Bar_ (1884).

* * *


     Contributed anonymously to _All the Year Round_ in
     1870-1, but afterwards incorporated bodily into
     _Chronicles of Golden Friars_ (1871, vol. i.) in the
     story of "Laura Mildmay," where it is put into the
     mouth of an old north-country nurse, Mrs. Jolliffe.

I'm an old woman now; and I was but thirteen my last birthday, the
night I came to Applewale House. My aunt was the housekeeper there,
and a sort o' one-horse carriage was down at Lexhoe to take me and my
box up to Applewale.

I was a bit frightened by the time I got to Lexhoe, and when I saw the
carriage and horse, I wished myself back again with my mother at
Hazelden. I was crying when I got into the "shay"--that's what we used
to call it--and old John Mulbery that drove it, and was a good-natured
fellow, bought me a handful of apples at the Golden Lion, to cheer me
up a bit; and he told me that there was a currant-cake, and tea, and
pork-chops, waiting for me, all hot, in my aunt's room at the great
house. It was a fine moonlight night and I eat the apples, lookin' out
o' the shay winda.

It is a shame for gentlemen to frighten a poor foolish child like I
was. I sometimes think it might be tricks. There was two on 'em on
the tap o' the coach beside me. And they began to question me after
nightfall, when the moon rose, where I was going to. Well, I told them
it was to wait on Dame Arabella Crowl, of Applewale House, near by

"Ho, then," says one of them, "you'll not be long there!"

And I looked at him as much as to say, "Why not?" for I had spoke out
when I told them where I was goin', as if 'twas something clever I had
to say.

"Because," says he--"and don't you for your life tell no one, only
watch her and see--she's possessed by the devil, and more an half a
ghost. Have you got a Bible?"

"Yes, sir," says I. For my mother put my little Bible in my box, and I
knew it was there: and by the same token, though the print's too small
for my ald eyes, I have it in my press to this hour.

As I looked up at him, saying "Yes, sir," I thought I saw him winkin'
at his friend; but I could not be sure.

"Well," says he, "be sure you put it under your bolster every night,
it will keep the ald girl's claws aff ye."

And I got such a fright when he said that, you wouldn't fancy! And I'd
a liked to ask him a lot about the ald lady, but I was too shy, and he
and his friend began talkin' together about their own consarns, and
dowly enough I got down, as I told ye, at Lexhoe. My heart sank as I
drove into the dark avenue. The trees stands very thick and big, as
ald as the ald house almost, and four people, with their arms out and
finger-tips touchin', barely girds round some of them.

Well, my neck was stretched out o' the winda, looking for the first
view o' the great house; and, all at once we pulled up in front of

A great white-and-black house it is, wi' great black beams across and
right up it, and gables lookin' out, as white as a sheet, to the moon,
and the shadows o' the trees, two or three up and down upon the front,
you could count the leaves on them, and all the little diamond-shaped
winda-panes, glimmering on the great hall winda, and great shutters,
in the old fashion, hinged on the wall outside, boulted across all the
rest o' the windas in front, for there was but three or four servants,
and the old lady in the house, and most o' t'rooms was locked up.

My heart was in my mouth when I sid the journey was over, and this,
the great house afore me, and I sa near my aunt that I never sid till
noo, and Dame Crowl, that I was come to wait upon, and was afeard on

My aunt kissed me in the hall, and brought me to her room. She was
tall and thin, wi' a pale face and black eyes, and long thin hands wi'
black mittins on. She was past fifty, and her word was short; but her
word was law. I hev no complaints to make of her; but she was a hard
woman, and I think she would hev bin kinder to me if I had bin her
sister's child in place of her brother's. But all that's o' no
consequence noo.

The squire--his name was Mr. Chevenix Crowl, he was Dame Crowl's
grandson--came down there, by way of seeing that the old lady was well
treated, about twice or thrice in the year. I sid him but twice all
the time I was at Applewale House.

I can't say but she was well taken care of, notwithstanding, but that
was because my aunt and Meg Wyvern, that was her maid, had a
conscience, and did their duty by her.

Mrs. Wyvern--Meg Wyvern my aunt called her to herself, and Mrs. Wyvern
to me--was a fat, jolly lass of fifty, a good height and a good
breadth, always good-humoured, and walked slow. She had fine wages,
but she was a bit stingy, and kept all her fine clothes under lock and
key, and wore, mostly, a twilled chocolate cotton, wi' red, and
yellow, and green sprigs and balls on it, and it lasted wonderful.

She never gave me nout, not the vally o' a brass thimble, all the time
I was there; but she was good-humoured, and always laughin', and she
talked no end o' proas over her tea; and, seeing me sa sackless and
dowly, she roused me up wi' her laughin' and stories; and I think I
liked her better than my aunt--children is so taken wi' a bit o' fun
or a story--though my aunt was very good to me, but a hard woman about
some things, and silent always.

My aunt took me into her bed-chamber, that I might rest myself a bit
while she was settin' the tea in her room. But first she patted me on
the shouther, and said I was a tall lass o' my years, and had spired
up well, and asked me if I could do plain work and stitchin'; and she
looked in my face, and said I was like my father, her brother, that
was dead and gone, and she hoped I was a better Christian, and wad na
du a' that lids.

It was a hard sayin' the first time I set my foot in her room, I

When I went into the next room, the housekeeper's room--very
comfortable, yak (oak) all round--there was a fine fire blazin' away,
wi' coal, and peat, and wood, all in a low together, and tea on the
table, and hot cake, and smokin' meat; and there was Mrs. Wyvern, fat,
jolly, and talkin' away, more in an hour than my aunt would in a year.

While I was still at my tea my aunt went up-stairs to see Madam Crowl.

"She's agone up to see that old Judith Squailes is awake," says Mrs.
Wyvern. "Judith sits with Madam Crowl when me and Mrs.
Shutters"--that was my aunt's name--" is away. She's a troublesome old
lady. Ye'll hev to be sharp wi' her, or she'll be into the fire, or
out o' t' winda. She goes on wires, she does, old though she be."

"How old, ma'am ?" says I.

"Ninety-three her last birthday, and that's eight months gone," says
she; and she laughed. "And don't be askin' questions about her before
your aunt--mind, I tell ye; just take her as you find her, and that's

"And what's to be my business about her, please ma'am ?" says I.

"About the old lady? Well," says she, "your aunt, Mrs. Shutters, will
tell you that; but I suppose you'll hev to sit in the room with your
work, and see she's at no mischief, and let her amuse herself with her
things on the table, and get her her food or drink as she calls for
it, and keep her out o' mischief, and ring the bell hard if she's

"Is she deaf, ma'am?"

"No, nor blind," says she; "as sharp as a needle, but she's gone quite
aupy, and can't remember nout rightly; and Jack the Giant Killer, or
Goody Twoshoes will please her as well as the King's court, or the
affairs of the nation."

"And what did the little girl go away for, ma'am, that went on Friday
last? My aunt wrote to my mother she was to go."

"Yes; she's gone."

"What for?" says I again.

"She didn't answer Mrs. Shutters, I do suppose," says she. "I don't
know. Don't be talkin'; your aunt can't abide a talkin' child."

"And please, ma'am, is the old lady well in health?" says I.

"It ain't no harm to ask that," says she. "She's torflin' a bit
lately, but better this week past, and I dare say she'll last out her
hundred years yet. Hish! Here's your aunt coming down the passage."

In comes my aunt, and begins talkin' to Mrs. Wyvern, and I, beginnin'
to feel more comfortable and at home like, was walkin' about the room
lookin' at this thing and at that. There was pretty old china things
on the cupboard, and pictures again the wall; and there was a door
open in the wainscot, and I sees a queer old leathern jacket, wi'
straps and buckles to it, and sleeves as long as the bed-post, hangin'
up inside.

"What's that you're at, child?" says my aunt, sharp enough, turning
about when I thought she least minded. "What's that in your hand?"

"This, ma'am?" says I, turning about with the leathern jacket. "I
don't know what it is, ma'am."

Pale as she was, the red came up in her cheeks, and her eyes flashed
wi' anger, and I think only she had half a dozen steps to take,
between her and me, she'd a gov me a sizzup. But she did give me a
shake by the shouther, and she plucked the thing out o' my hand, and
says she, "While ever you stay here, don't ye meddle wi' nout that
don't belong to ye," and she hung it up on the pin that was there, and
shut the door wi' a bang and locked it fast.

Mrs. Wyvern was liftin' up her hands and laughin' all this time,
quietly in her chair, rolling herself a bit in it, as she used when
she was kinkin'.

The tears was in my eyes, and she winked at my aunt, and says she,
dryin' her own eyes that was wet wi' the laughin', "Tut, the child
meant no harm--come here to me, child. It's only a pair o' crutches
for lame ducks, and ask us no questions mind, and we'll tell ye no
lies; and come here and sit down, and drink a mug o' beer before ye
go to your bed."

My room, mind ye, was up-stairs, next to the old lady's, and Mrs.
Wyvern's bed was near hers in her room and I was to be ready at call,
if need should be.

The old lady was in one of her tantrums that night and part of the day
before. She used to take fits o' the sulks. Sometimes she would not
let them dress her, and other times she would not let them take her
clothes off. She was a great beauty, they said, in her day. But there
was no one about Applewale that remembered her in her prime. And she
was dreadful fond o' dress, and had thick silks, and stiff satins, and
velvets, and laces, and all sorts, enough to set up seven shops at the
least. All her dresses was old-fashioned and queer, but worth a

Well, I went to my bed. I lay for a while awake; for a' things was new
to me; and I think the tea was in my nerves, too, for I wasn't used to
it, except now and then on a holiday, or the like. And I heard Mrs.
Wyvern talkin', and I listened with my hand to my ear; but I could not
hear Mrs. Crowl, and I don't think she said a word.

There was great care took of her. The people at Applewale knew that
when she died they would every one get the sack; and their situations
was well paid and easy.

The doctor come twice a week to see the old lady, and you may be sure
they all did as he bid them. One thing was the same every time; they
were never to cross or frump her, any way, but to humour and please
her in everything.

So she lay in her clothes all that night, and next day, not a word she
said, and I was at my needlework all that day, in my own room, except
when I went down to my dinner.

I would a liked to see the ald lady, and even to hear her speak. But
she might as well a'bin in Lunnon a' the time for me.

When I had my dinner my aunt sent me out for a walk for an hour. I was
glad when I came back, the trees was so big, and the place so dark and
lonesome, and 'twas a cloudy day, and I cried a deal, thinkin' of
home, while I was walkin' alone there. That evening, the candles bein'
alight, I was sittin' in my room, and the door was open into Madam
Crowl's chamber, where my aunt was. It was, then, for the first time I
heard what I suppose was the ald lady talking.

It was a queer noise like, I couldn't well say which, a bird, or a
beast, only it had a bleatin' sound in it, and was very small.

I pricked my ears to hear all I could. But I could not make out one
word she said. And my aunt answered:

"The evil one can't hurt no one, ma'am, bout the Lord permits."

Then the same queer voice from the bed says something more that I
couldn't make head nor tail on.

And my aunt med answer again: "Let them pull faces, ma'am, and say
what they will; if the Lord be for us, who can be against us?"

I kept listenin' with my ear turned to the door, holdin' my breath,
but not another word or sound came in from the room. In about twenty
minutes, as I was sittin' by the table, lookin' at the pictures in the
old Æsop's Fables, I was aware o' something moving at the door, and
lookin' up I sid my aunt's face lookin' in at the door, and her hand

"Hish!" says she, very soft, and comes over to me on tiptoe, and she
says in a whisper: "Thank God, she's asleep at last, and don't ye make
no noise till I come back, for I'm goin' down to take my cup o' tea,
and I'll be back i' noo--me and Mrs. Wyvern, and she'll be sleepin' in
the room, and you can run down when we come up, and Judith will gie ye
yaur supper in my room."

And with that away she goes.

I kep' looking at the picture-book, as before, listenin' every noo and
then, but there was no sound, not a breath, that I could hear; an' I
began whisperin' to the pictures and talkin' to myself to keep my
heart up, for I was growin' feared in that big room.

And at last up I got, and began walkin' about the room, lookin' at
this and peepin' at that, to amuse my mind, ye'll understand. And at
last what sud I do but peeps into Madame Crowl's bed-chamber.

A grand chamber it was, wi' a great four-poster, wi' flowered silk
curtains as tall as the ceilin', and foldin' down on the floor, and
drawn close all round. There was a lookin'-glass, the biggest I ever
sid before, and the room was a blaze o' light. I counted twenty-two
wax-candles, all alight. Such was her fancy, and no one dared say her

I listened at the door, and gaped and wondered all round. When I heard
there was not a breath, and did not see so much as a stir in the
curtains, I took heart, and I walked into the room on tiptoe, and
looked round again. Then I takes a keek at myself in the big glass;
and at last it came in my head, "Why couldn't I ha' a keek at the ald
lady herself in the bed?"

Ye'd think me a fule if ye knew half how I longed to see Dame Crowl,
and I thought to myself if I didn't peep now I might wait many a day
before I got so gude a chance again.

Well, my dear, I came to the side o' the bed, the curtains bein'
close, and my heart a'most failed me. But I took courage, and I slips
my finger in between the thick curtains, and then my hand. So I waits
a bit, but all was still as death. So, softly, softly I draws the
curtain, and there, sure enough, I sid before me, stretched out like
the painted lady on the tomb-stean in Lexhoe Church, the famous Dame
Crowl, of Applewale House. There she was, dressed out. You never sid
the like in they days. Satin and silk, and scarlet and green, and gold
and pint lace; by Jen! 'twas a sight! A big powdered wig, half as high
as herself, was a-top o' her head, and, wow!--was ever such
wrinkles?--and her old baggy throat all powdered white, and her cheeks
rouged, and mouse-skin eyebrows, that Mrs. Wyvern used to stick on,
and there she lay grand and stark, wi' a pair o' clocked silk hose on,
and heels to her shoon as tall as nine-pins. Lawk! But her nose was
crooked and thin, and half the whites o' her eyes was open. She used
to stand, dressed as she was, gigglin' and dribblin' before the
lookin'-glass, wi' a fan in her hand, and a big nosegay in her bodice.
Her wrinkled little hands was stretched down by her sides, and such
long nails, all cut into points, I never sid in my days. Could it ever
a bin the fashion for grit fowk to wear their finger-nails so?

Well, I think ye'd a bin frightened yourself if ye'd a sid such a
sight. I couldn't let go the curtain, nor move an inch, not take my
eyes off her; my very heart stood still. And in an instant she opens
her eyes, and up she sits, and spins herself round, and down wi' her,
wi' a clack on her two tall heels on the floor, facin' me, ogglin' in
my face wi' her two great glassy eyes, and a wicked simper wi' her old
wrinkled lips, and lang fause teeth.

Well, a corpse is a natural thing; but this was the dreadfullest sight
I ever sid. She had her fingers straight out pointin' at me, and her
back was crooked, round again wi' age. Says she:

"Ye little limb! what for did ye say I killed the boy? I'll tickle ye
till ye're stiff!"

If I'd a thought an instant, I'd a turned about and run. But I
couldn't take my eyes off her, and I backed from her as soon as I
could; and she came clatterin' after, like a thing on wires, with her
fingers pointing to my throat, and she makin' all the time a sound
with her tongue like zizz-zizz-zizz.

I kept backin' and backin' as quick as I could, and her fingers was
only a few inches away from my throat, and I felt I'd lose my wits if
she touched me.

I went back this way, right into the corner, and I gev a yellock, ye'd
think saul and body was partin', and that minute my aunt, from the
door, calls out wi' a blare, and the ald lady turns round on her, and
I turns about, and ran through my room, and down the back stairs, as
hard as my legs could carry me.

I cried hearty, I can tell you, when I got down to the housekeeper's
room. Mrs. Wyvern laughed a deal when I told her what happened. But
she changed her key when she heard the ald lady's words.

"Say them again," says she.

So I told her.

"Ye little limb! What for did ye say I killed the boy? I'll tickle ye
till ye're stiff."

"And did ye say she killed a boy?" says she.

"Not I, ma'am," says I.

Judith was always up with me, after that, when the two elder women was
away from her. I would a jumped out at winda, rather than stay alone
in the same room wi' her.

It was about a week after, as well as I can remember, Mrs. Wyvern, one
day when me and her was alone, told me a thing about Madam Crowl that
I did not know before.

She being young, and a great beauty, full seventy years before, had
married Squire Crowl of Applewale. But he was a widower, and had a son
about nine year old.

There never was tale or tidings of this boy after one mornin'. No one
could say where he went to. He was allowed too much liberty, and used
to be off in the morning, one day, to the keeper's cottage, and
breakfast wi' him, and away to the warren, and not home, mayhap, till
evening, and another time down to the lake, and bathe there, and spend
the day fishin' there, or paddlin' about in the boat. Well, no one
could say what was gone wi' him; only this, that his hat was found by
the lake, under a haathorn that grows thar to this day, and 'twas
thought he was drowned bathin'. And the squire's son, by his second
marriage, by this Madam Crowl that lived sa dreadful lang, came in for
the estates. It was his son, the ald lady's grandson, Squire Chevenix
Crowl, that owned the estates at the time I came to Applewale.

There was a deal o' talk lang before my aunt's time about it; and
'twas said the step-mother knew more than she was like to let out. And
she managed her husband, the ald squire, wi' her whiteheft and
flatteries. And as the boy was never seen more, in course of time the
thing died out of fowks' minds.

I'm goin' to tell ye noo about what I sid wi' my own een.

I was not there six months, and it was winter time, when the ald lady
took her last sickness.

The doctor was afeard she might a took a fit o' madness, as she did,
fifteen years befoore, and was buckled up, many a time, in a
strait-waistcoat, which was the very leathern jerkin' I sid in the
closet, off my aunt's room.

Well, she didn't. She pined, and windered, and went off, torflin',
torflin', quiet enough, till a day or two before her flittin', and
then she took to rabblin', and sometimes skirlin' in the bed, ye'd
think a robber had a knife to her throat, and she used to work out o'
the bed, and not being strong enough, then, to walk or stand, she'd
fall on the flure, wi' her ald wizened hands stretched before her
face, and skirlin' still for mercy.

Ye may guess I didn't go into the room, and I used to be shiverin' in
my bed wi' fear, at her skirlin' and scrafflin' on the flure, and
blarin' out words that id make your skin turn blue.

My aunt, and Mrs. Wyvern, and Judith Squailes, and a woman from
Lexhoe, was always about her. At last she took fits, and they wore her

T'sir (parson) was there, and prayed for her; but she was past praying
with. I suppose it was right, but none could think there was much good
in it, and sa at lang last she made her flittin', and a' was over, and
old Dame Crowl was shrouded and coffined and Squire Chevenix was wrote
for. But he was away in France, and the delay was sa lang, that t'sir
and doctor both agreed it would not du to keep her langer out o' her
place, and no one cared but just them two, and my aunt and the rest o'
us, from Applewale, to go to the buryin'. So the old lady of Applewale
was laid in the vault under Lexhoe Church; and we lived up at the
great house till such time as the squire should come to tell his will
about us, and pay off such as he chose to discharge.

I was put into another room, two doors away from what was Dame Crowl's
chamber, after her death, and this thing happened the night before
Squire Chevenix came to Applewale.

The room I was in now was a large square chamber, covered wi' yak
pannels, but unfurnished except for my bed, which had no curtains to
it, and a chair and a table, or so, that looked nothing at all in such
a big room. And the big looking-glass, that the old lady used to keek
into and admire herself from head to heel, now that there was na mair
o' that wark, was put out of the way, and stood against the wall in my
room, for there was shiftin' o' many things in her chambers ye may
suppose, when she came to be coffined.

The news had come that day that the squire was to be down next morning
at Applewale; and not sorry was I, for I thought I was sure to be sent
home again to my mother. And right glad was I, and I was thinkin' of
a' at hame, and my sister, Janet, and the kitten and the pymag, and
Trimmer the tike, and all the rest, and I got sa fidgetty, I couldn't
sleep, and the clock struck twelve, and me wide awake, and the room as
dark as pick. My back was turned to the door, and my eyes toward the
wall opposite.

Well, it could na be a full quarter past twelve, when I sees a
lightin' on the wall befoore me, as if something took fire behind, and
the shadas o' the bed, and the chair, and my gown, that was hangin'
from the wall, was dancin' up and down, on the ceilin' beams and the
yak pannels; and I turns my head ower my shouther quick, thinkin'
something must a gone a' fire.

And what sud I see, by Jen! but the likeness o' the ald beldame,
bedizened out in her satins and velvets, on her dead body, simperin',
wi' her eyes as wide as saucers, and her face like the fiend himself.
'Twas a red light that rose about her in a fuffin low, as if her dress
round her feet was blazin'. She was drivin' on right for me, wi' her
ald shrivelled hands crooked as if she was goin' to claw me. I could
not stir, but she passed me straight by, wi' a blast o' cald air, and
I sid her, at the wall, in the alcove as my aunt used to call it,
which was a recess where the state bed used to stand in ald times, wi'
a door open wide, and her hands gropin' in at somethin' was there. I
never sid that door befoore. And she turned round to me, like a thing
on a pivot, flyrin' (grinning), and all at once the room was dark, and
I standin' at the far side o' the bed; I don't know how I got there,
and I found my tongue at last, and if I did na blare a yellock,
rennin' down the gallery and almost pulled Mrs. Wyvern's door, off
t'hooks, and frightened her half out o' her wits.

Ye may guess I did na sleep that night; and wi' the first light, down
wi' me to my aunt, as fast as my two legs cud carry me.

Well, my aunt did na frump or flite me, as I thought she would, but
she held me by the hand, and looked hard in my face all the time. And
she telt me not to be feared; and says she:

"Hed the appearance a key in its hand?"

"Yes," says I, bringin' it to mind, "a big key in a queer brass

"Stop a bit," says she, lettin' go ma hand, and openin' the
cupboard-door. "Was it like this?" says she, takin' one out in her
fingers and showing it to me, with a dark look in my face.

"That was it," says I, quick enough.

"Are ye sure?" she says, turnin' it round.

"Sart," says I, and I felt like I was gain' to faint when I sid it.

"Well, that will do, child," says she, saftly thinkin', and she locked
it up again.

"The squire himself will be here to-day, before twelve o'clock, and ye
must tell him all about it," says she, thinkin', "and I suppose I'll
be leavin' soon, and so the best thing for the present is, that ye
should go home this afternoon, and I'll look out another place for
you when I can."

Fain was I, ye may guess, at that word.

My aunt packed up my things for me, and the three pounds that was due
to me, to bring home, and Squire Crowl himself came down to Applewale
that day, a handsome man, about thirty years aid. It was the second
time I sid him. But this was the first time he spoke to me.

My aunt talked wi' him in the housekeeper's room, and I don't know
what they said. I was a bit feared on the squire, he bein' a great
gentleman down in Lexhoe, and I darn't go near till I was called. And
says he, smilin':

"What's a' this ye a sen, child? it mun be a dream, for ye know
there's na sic a thing as a bo or a freet in a' the world. But
whatever it was, ma little maid, sit ye down and tell us all about it
from first to last."

Well, so soon as I med an end, he thought a bit, and says he to my

"I mind the place well. In old Sir Oliver's time lame Wyndel told me
there was a door in that recess, to the left, where the lassie dreamed
she saw my grandmother open it. He was past eighty when he telt me
that, and I but a boy. It's twenty year sen. The plate and jewels used
to be kept there, long ago, before the iron closet was made in the
arras chamber, and he told me the key had a brass handle, and this ye
say was found in the bottom o' the kist where she kept her old fans.
Now, would not it be a queer thing if we found some spoons or diamonds
forgot there? Ye mun come up wi' us, lassie, and point to the very

Loth was I, and my heart in my mouth, and fast I held by my aunt's
hand as I stept into that awsome room, and showed them both how she
came and passed me by, and the spot where she stood, and where the
door seemed to open.

There was an ald empty press against the wall then, and shoving it
aside, sure enough there was the tracing of a door in the wainscot,
and a keyhole stopped with wood, and planed across as smooth as the
rest, and the joining of the door all stopped wi' putty the colour o'
yak, and, but for the hinges that showed a bit when the press was
shoved aside, ye would not consayt there was a door there at all.

"Ha!" says he, wi' a queer smile, "this looks like it."

It took some minutes wi' a small chisel and hammer to pick the bit o'
wood out o' the keyhole. The key fitted, sure enough, and, wi' a
strang twist and a lang skreeak, the boult went back and he pulled the
door open.

There was another door inside, stranger than the first, but the lacks
was gone, and it opened easy. Inside was a narrow floor and walls and
vault o' brick; we could not see what was in it, for 'twas dark as

When my aunt had lighted the candle the squire held it up and stept

My aunt stood on tiptoe tryin' to look over his shouther, and I did na
see nout.

"Ha! ha!" says the squire, steppin' backward. "What's that? Gi'ma the
poker--quick!" says he to my aunt. And as she went to the hearth I
peeps beside his arm, and I sid squat down in the far corner a monkey
or a flayin' on the chest, or else the maist shrivelled up, wizzened
ald wife that ever was sen on yearth.

"By Jen!" says my aunt, as, puttin' the poker in his hand, she keeked
by his shouther, and sid the ill-favoured thing, "hae a care sir, what
ye're doin'. Back wi' ye, and shut to the door!"

But in place o' that he steps in saftly, wi' the poker pointed like a
swoord, and he gies it a poke, and down it a' tumbles together, head
and a', in a heap o' bayans and dust, little meyar an' a hatful.

'Twas the bayans o' a child; a' the rest went to dust at a touch. They
said nout for a while, but he turns round the skull as it lay on the

Young as I was I consayted I knew well enough what they was thinkin'

"A dead cat!" says he, pushin' back and blowin' out the can'le, and
shuttin' to the door. "We'll come back, you and me, Mrs. Shutters, and
look on the shelves by-and-bye. I've other matters first to speak to
ye about; and this little girl's goin' hame, ye say. She has her
wages, and I mun mak' her a present," says he, pattin' my shoulder wi'
his hand.

And he did gimma a goud pound, and I went aff to Lexhoe about an hour
after, and sa hame by the stagecoach, and fain was I to be at hame
again; and I never saa ald Dame Crowl o' Applewale, God be thanked,
either in appearance or in dream, at-efter. But when I was grown to be
a woman my aunt spent a day and night wi' me at Littleham, and she
telt me there was na doubt it was the poor little boy that was missing
sa lang sen that was shut up to die thar in the dark by that wicked
beldame, whar his skirls, or his prayers, or his thumpin' cud na be
heard, and his hat was left by the water's edge, whoever did it, to
mak' belief he was drowned. The clothes, at the first touch, a' ran
into a snuff o' dust in the cell whar the bayans was found. But there
was a handful o' jet buttons, and a knife with a green handle,
together wi' a couple o' pennies the poor little fella had in his
pocket, I suppose, when he was decoyed in thar, and sid his last o'
the light. And there was, amang the squire's papers, a copy o' the
notice that was prented after he was lost, when the old squire thought
he might 'a run away, or bin took by gipsies, and it said he had a
green-hefted knife wi' him, and that his buttons were o' cut jet. Sa
that is a' I hev to say consarnin' ald Dame Crowl, o' Applewale House.


     Anonymous in _Temple Bar_ (1868, vol. xxii.). This
     story was written, it seems, contemporaneously with the
     novel _The Wyvern Mystery_ (1868-9), and the old Squire
     in that book intimately resembles Squire Toby.

Many persons accustomed to travel the old York and London road, in the
days of stage-coaches, will remember passing, in the afternoon, say,
of an autumn day, in their journey to the capital, about three miles
south of the town of Applebury, and a mile and a half before you reach
the old Angel Inn, a large black-and-white house, as those
old-fashioned cage-work habitations are termed, dilapidated and
weather-stained, with broad lattice windows glimmering all over in the
evening sun with little diamond panes, and thrown into relief by a
dense background of ancient elms. A wide avenue, now overgrown like a
churchyard with grass and weeds, and flanked by double rows of the
same dark trees, old and gigantic, with here and there a gap in their
solemn files, and sometimes a fallen tree lying across on the avenue,
leads up to the hall-door.

Looking up its sombre and lifeless avenue from the top of the London
coach, as I have often done, you are struck with so many signs of
desertion and decay,--the tufted grass sprouting in the chinks of the
steps and window-stones, the smokeless chimneys over which the
jackdaws are wheeling, the absence of human life and all its evidence,
that you conclude at once that the place is uninhabited and abandoned
to decay. The name of this ancient house is Gylingden Hall. Tall
hedges and old timber quickly shroud the old place from view, and
about a quarter of a mile further on you pass, embowered in melancholy
trees, a small and ruinous Saxon chapel, which, time out of mind, has
been the burying-place of the family of Marston, and partakes of the
neglect and desolation which brood over their ancient dwelling-place.

The grand melancholy of the secluded valley of Gylingden, lonely as an
enchanted forest, in which the crows returning to their roosts among
the trees, and the straggling deer who peep from beneath their
branches, seem to hold a wild and undisturbed dominion, heightens the
forlorn aspect of Gylingden Hall.

Of late years repairs have been neglected, and here and there the roof
is stripped, and "the stitch in time" has been wanting. At the side of
the house exposed to the gales that sweep through the valley like a
torrent through its channel, there is not a perfect window left, and
the shutters but imperfectly exclude the rain. The ceilings and walls
are mildewed and green with damp stains. Here and there, where the
drip falls from the ceiling, the floors are rotting. On stormy nights,
as the guard described, you can hear the doors clapping in the old
house, as far away as old Gryston bridge, and the howl and sobbing of
the wind through its empty galleries.

About seventy years ago died the old Squire, Toby Marston, famous in
that part of the world for his hounds, his hospitality, and his vices.
He had done kind things, and he had fought duels: he had given away
money and he had horse-whipped people. He carried with him some
blessings and a good many curses, and left behind him an amount of
debts and charges upon the estates which appalled his two sons, who
had no taste for business or accounts, and had never suspected, till
that wicked, open-handed, and swearing old gentleman died, how very
nearly he had run the estates into insolvency.

They met at Gylingden Hall. They had the will before them, and lawyers
to interpret, and information without stint, as to the encumbrances
with which the deceased had saddled them. The will was so framed as to
set the two brothers instantly at deadly feud.

These brothers differed in some points; but in one material
characteristic they resembled one another, and also their departed
father. They never went into a quarrel by halves, and once in, they
did not stick at trifles.

The elder, Scroope Marston, the more dangerous man of the two, had
never been a favourite of the old Squire. He had no taste for the
sports of the field and the pleasures of a rustic life. He was no
athlete, and he certainly was not handsome. All this the Squire
resented. The young man, who had no respect for him, and outgrew his
fear of his violence as he came to manhood, retorted. This aversion,
therefore, in the ill-conditioned old man grew into positive hatred.
He used to wish that d----d pippin-squeezing, hump-backed rascal
Scroope, out of the way of better men--meaning his younger son
Charles; and in his cups would talk in a way which even the old and
young fellows who followed his hounds, and drank his port, and could
stand a reasonable amount of brutality, did not like.

Scroope Marston was slightly deformed, and he had the lean sallow
face, piercing black eyes, and black lank hair, which sometimes
accompany deformity.

"I'm no feyther o' that hog-backed creature. I'm no sire of hisn,
d----n him! I'd as soon call that tongs son o' mine," the old man used
to bawl, in allusion to his son's long, lank limbs: "Charlie's a man,
but that's a jack-an-ape. He has no good-nature; there's nothing
handy, nor manly, nor no one turn of a Marston in him."

And when he was pretty drunk, the old Squire used to swear he should
never "sit at the head o' that board; nor frighten away folk from
Gylingden Hall wi' his d----d hatchet-face--the black loon!"

"Handsome Charlie was the man for his money. He knew what a horse was,
and could sit to his bottle; and the lasses were all clean _mad_ about
him. He was a Marston every inch of his six foot two."

Handsome Charlie and he, however, had also had a row or two. The old
Squire was free with his horsewhip as with his tongue, and on occasion
when neither weapon was quite practicable, had been known to give a
fellow "a tap o' his knuckles." Handsome Charlie, however, thought
there was a period at which personal chastisement should cease; and
one night, when the port was flowing, there was some allusion to
Marion Hayward, the miller's daughter, which for some reason the old
gentleman did not like. Being "in liquor," and having clearer ideas
about pugilism than self-government, he struck out, to the surprise of
all present, at Handsome Charlie. The youth threw back his head
scientifically, and nothing followed but the crash of a decanter on
the floor. But the old Squire's blood was up, and he bounced from his
chair. Up jumped Handsome Charlie, resolved to stand no nonsense.
Drunken Squire Lilbourne, intending to mediate, fell flat on the
floor, and cut his ear among the glasses. Handsome Charlie caught the
thump which the old Squire discharged at him upon his open hand, and
catching him by the cravat, swung him with his back to the wall. They
said the old man never looked so purple, nor his eyes so goggle
before; and then Handsome Charlie pinioned him tight to the wall by
both arms.

"Well, I say--come, don't you talk no more nonsense o' that sort, and
I won't lick you," croaked the old Squire. "You stopped that un
clever, you did. Didn't he? Come, Charlie, man, gie us your hand, I
say, and sit down again, lad." And so the battle ended; and I believe
it was the last time the Squire raised his hand to Handsome Charlie.

But those days were over. Old Toby Marston lay cold and quiet enough
now, under the drip of the mighty ash-tree within the Saxon ruin where
so many of the old Marston race returned to dust, and were forgotten.
The weather-stained top-boots and leather-breeches, the three-cornered
cocked hat to which old gentlemen of that day still clung, and the
well-known red waistcoat that reached below his hips, and the fierce
pug face of the old Squire, were now but a picture of memory. And the
brothers between whom he had planted an irreconcilable quarrel, were
now in their new mourning suits, with the gloss still on, debating
furiously across the table in the great oak parlour, which had so
often resounded to the banter and coarse songs, the oaths and laughter
of the congenial neighbours whom the old Squire of Gylingden Hall
loved to assemble there.

These young gentlemen, who had grown up in Gylingden Hall, were not
accustomed to bridle their tongues, nor, if need be, to hesitate about
a blow. Neither had been at the old man's funeral. His death had been
sudden. Having been helped to his bed in that hilarious and
quarrelsome state which was induced by port and punch, he was found
dead in the morning,--his head hanging over the side of the bed, and
his face very black and swollen.

Now the Squire's will despoiled his eldest son of Gylingden, which had
descended to the heir time out of mind. Scroope Marston was furious.
His deep stern voice was heard inveighing against his dead father and
living brother, and the heavy thumps on the table with which he
enforced his stormy recriminations resounded through the large
chamber. Then broke in Charles's rougher voice, and then came a quick
alternation of short sentences, and then both voices together in
growing loudness and anger, and at last, swelling the tumult, the
expostulations of pacific and frightened lawyers, and at last a sudden
break up of the conference. Scroope broke out of the room, his pale
furious face showing whiter against his long black hair, his dark
fierce eyes blazing, his hands clenched, and looking more ungainly and
deformed than ever in the convulsions of his fury.

Very violent words must have passed between them; for Charlie, though
he was the winning man, was almost as angry as Scroope. The elder
brother was for holding possession of the house, and putting his rival
to legal process to oust him. But his legal advisers were clearly
against it. So, with a heart boiling over with gall, up he went to
London, and found the firm who had managed his father's business fair
and communicative enough. They looked into the settlements, and found
that Gylingden was excepted. It was very odd, but so it was, specially
excepted; so that the right of the old Squire to deal with it by his
will could not be questioned.

Notwithstanding all this, Scroope, breathing vengeance and aggression,
and quite willing to wreck himself provided he could run his brother
down, assailed Handsome Charlie, and battered old Squire Toby's will
in the Prerogative Court and also at common law, and the feud between
the brothers was knit, and every month their exasperation was

Scroope was beaten, and defeat did not soften him. Charles might have
forgiven hard words; but he had been himself worsted during the long
campaign in some of those skirmishes, special motions, and so forth,
that constitute the episodes of a legal epic like that in which the
Marston brothers figured as opposing combatants; and the blight of law
costs had touched him, too, with the usual effect upon the temper of a
man of embarrassed means.

Years flew, and brought no healing on their wings. On the contrary,
the deep corrosion of this hatred bit deeper by time. Neither brother
married. But an accident of a different kind befell the younger,
Charles Marston, which abridged his enjoyments very materially.

This was a bad fall from his hunter. There were severe fractures, and
there was concussion of the brain. For some time it was thought that
he could not recover. He disappointed these evil auguries, however. He
did recover, but changed in two essential particulars. He had received
an injury in his hip, which doomed him never more to sit in the
saddle. And the rollicking animal spirits which hitherto had never
failed him, had now taken flight for ever.

He had been for five days in a state of coma--absolute
insensibility--and when he recovered consciousness he was haunted by
an indescribable anxiety.

Tom Cooper, who had been butler in the palmy days of Gylingden Hall,
under old Squire Toby, still maintained his post with old-fashioned
fidelity, in these days of faded splendour and frugal housekeeping.
Twenty years had passed since the death of his old master. He had
grown lean, and stooped, and his face, dark with the peculiar brown
of age, furrowed and gnarled, and his temper, except with his master,
had waxed surly.

His master had visited Bath and Buxton, and came back, as he went,
lame, and halting gloomily about with the aid of a stick. When the
hunter was sold, the last tradition of the old life at Gylingden
disappeared. The young Squire, as he was still called, excluded by his
mischance from the hunting-field, dropped into a solitary way of life,
and halted slowly and solitarily about the old place, seldom raising
his eyes, and with an appearance of indescribable gloom.

Old Cooper could talk freely on occasion with his master; and one day
he said, as he handed him his hat and stick in the hall:

"You should rouse yourself up a bit, Master Charles!"

"It's past rousing with me, old Cooper."

"It's just this, I'm thinking: there's something on your mind, and you
won't tell no one. There's no good keeping it on your stomach. You'll
be a deal lighter if you tell it. Come, now, what is it, Master

The Squire looked with his round grey eyes straight into Cooper's
eyes. He felt that there was a sort of spell broken. It was like the
old rule of the ghost who can't speak till it is spoken to. He looked
earnestly into old Cooper's face for some seconds, and sighed deeply.

"It ain't the first good guess you've made in your day, old Cooper,
and I'm glad you've spoke. It's bin on my mind, sure enough, ever
since I had that fall. Come in here after me, and shut the door."

The Squire pushed open the door of the oak parlour, and looked round
on the pictures abstractedly. He had not been there for some time,
and, seating himself on the table, he looked again for a while in
Cooper's face before he spoke.

"It's not a great deal, Cooper, but it troubles me, and I would not
tell it to the parson nor the doctor; for, God knows what they'd say,
though there's nothing to signify in it. But you were always true to
the family, and I don't mind if I tell you."

"'Tis as safe with Cooper, Master Charles, as if 'twas locked in a
chest, and sunk in a well."

"It's only this," said Charles Marston, looking down on the end of his
stick, with which he was tracing lines and circles, "all the time I
was lying like dead, as you thought, after that fall, I was with the
old master." He raised his eyes to Cooper's again as he spoke, and
with an awful oath he repeated--"I was with him, Cooper!"

"He was a good man, sir, in his way," repeated old Cooper, returning
his gaze with awe." He was a good master to me, and a good father to
you, and I hope he's happy. May God rest him!"

"Well," said Squire Charles, "it's only this: the whole of that time I
was with him, or he was with me--I don't know which. The upshot is, we
were together, and I thought I'd never get out of his hands again, and
all the time he was bullying me about some one thing; and if it was to
save my life, Tom Cooper, by ---- from the time I waked I never could
call to mind what it was; and I think I'd give that hand to know; and
if you can think of anything it might be--for God's sake! don't be
afraid, Tom Cooper, but speak it out, for he threatened me hard, and
it was surely him."

Here ensued a silence.

"And what did you think it might be yourself, Master Charles?" said

"I han't thought of aught that's likely. I'll never hit on't--_never_.
I thought it might happen he knew something about that d----
hump-backed villain, Scroope, that swore before Lawyer Gingham I made
away with a paper of settlements--me and father; and, as I hope to be
saved, Tom Cooper, there never was a bigger lie! I'd a had the law of
him for them identical words, and cast him for more than he's worth;
only Lawyer Gingham never goes into nothing for me since money grew
scarce in Gylingden; and I can't change my lawyer, I owe him such a
hatful of money. But he did, he swore he'd hang me yet for it. He said
it in them identical words--he'd never rest till he _hanged_ me for
it, and I think it was, like enough, something about _that_, the old
master was troubled; but it's enough to drive a man mad. I _can't_
bring it to mind--I can't remember a word he said, only he threatened
awful, and looked--Lord a mercy on us!--frightful bad."

"There's no need he should. May the Lord a-mercy on him!" said the old

"No, of course; and you're not to tell a soul, Cooper--not a living
soul, mind, that I said he looked bad, nor nothing about it."

"God forbid!" said old Cooper, shaking his head. "But I was thinking,
sir, it might ha' been about the slight that's bin so long put on him
by having no stone over him, and never a scratch o' a chisel to say
who he is."

"Ay! Well, I didn't think o' that. Put on your hat, old Cooper, and
come down wi' me; for I'll look after that, at any rate."

There is a bye-path leading by a turnstile to the park, and thence to
the picturesque old burying-place, which lies in a nook by the
roadside, embowered in ancient trees. It was a fine autumnal sunset,
and melancholy lights and long shadows spread their peculiar effects
over the landscape as "Handsome Charlie" and the old butler made their
way slowly toward the place where Handsome Charlie was himself to lie
at last.

"Which of the dogs made that howling all last night?" asked the
Squire, when they had got on a little way.

"'Twas a strange dog, Master Charlie, in front of the house; ours was
all in the yard--a white dog wi' a black head, he looked to be, and he
was smelling round them mounting-steps the old master, God be wi' him!
set up, the time his knee was bad. When the tyke got up a' top of
them, howlin' up at the windows, I'd a liked to shy something at him."

"Hullo! Is that like him?" said the Squire, stopping short, and
pointing with his stick at a dirty-white dog, with a large black head,
which was scampering round them in a wide circle, half crouching with
that air of uncertainty and deprecation which dogs so well know how to

He whistled the dog up. He was a large, half-starved bull-dog.

"That fellow has made a long journey--thin as a whipping-post, and
stained all over, and his claws worn to the stumps," said the Squire,
musingly. "He isn't a bad dog, Cooper. My poor father liked a good
bull-dog, and knew a cur from a good 'un."

The dog was looking up into the Squire's face with the peculiar grim
visage of his kind, and the Squire was thinking irreverently how
strong a likeness it presented to the character of his father's fierce
pug features when he was clutching his horsewhip and swearing at a

"If I did right I'd shoot him. He'll worry the cattle, and kill our
dogs," said the Squire. "Hey, Cooper? I'll tell the keeper to look
after him. That fellow could pull down a sheep, and he shan't live on
my mutton."

But the dog was not to be shaken off. He looked wistfully after the
Squire, and after they had got a little way on, he followed timidly.

It was vain trying to drive him off. The dog ran round them in wide
circles, like the infernal dog in "Faust"; only he left no track of
thin flame behind him. These man[oe]uvres were executed with a sort of
beseeching air, which flattered and touched the object of this odd
preference. So he called him up again, patted him, and then and there
in a manner adopted him.

The dog now followed their steps dutifully, as if he had belonged to
Handsome Charlie all his days. Cooper unlocked the little iron door,
and the dog walked in close behind their heels, and followed them as
they visited the roofless chapel.

The Marstons were lying under the floor of this little building in
rows. There is not a vault. Each has his distinct grave enclosed in a
lining of masonry. Each is surmounted by a stone kist, on the upper
flag of which is enclosed his epitaph, except that of poor old Squire
Toby. Over him was nothing but the grass and the line of masonry which
indicate the site of the kist, whenever his family should afford him
one like the rest.

"Well, it does look shabby. It's the elder brother's business; but if
he won't, I'll see to it myself, and I'll take care, old boy, to cut
sharp and deep in it, that the elder son having refused to lend a hand
the stone was put there by the younger."

They strolled round this little burial-ground. The sun was now below
the horizon, and the red metallic glow from the clouds, still
illuminated by the departed sun, mingled luridly with the twilight.
When Charlie peeped again into the little chapel, he saw the ugly dog
stretched upon Squire Toby's grave, looking at least twice his natural
length, and performing such antics as made the young Squire stare. If
you have ever seen a cat stretched on the floor, with a bunch of
Valerian, straining, writhing, rubbing its jaws in long-drawn
caresses, and in the absorption of a sensual ecstasy, you have seen a
phenomenon resembling that which Handsome Charlie witnessed on looking

The head of the brute looked so large, its body so long and thin, and
its joints so ungainly and dislocated, that the Squire, with old
Cooper beside him, looked on with a feeling of disgust and
astonishment, which, in a moment or two more, brought the Squire's
stick down upon him with a couple of heavy thumps. The beast awakened
from his ecstasy, sprang to the head of the grave, and there on a
sudden, thick and bandy as before, confronted the Squire, who stood at
its foot, with a terrible grin, and eyes that glared with the peculiar
green of canine fury.

The next moment the dog was crouching abjectly at the Squire's feet.

"Well, he's a rum 'un!" said old Cooper, looking hard at him.

"I like him," said the Squire.

"I don't," said Cooper.

"But he shan't come in here again," said the Squire.

"I shouldn't wonder if he was a witch," said old Cooper, who
remembered more tales of witchcraft than are now current in that part
of the world.

"He's a good dog," said the Squire, dreamily. "I remember the time I'd
a given a handful for him--but I'll never be good for nothing again.
Come along."

And he stooped down and patted him. So up jumped the dog and looked up
in his face, as if watching for some sign, ever so slight, which he
might obey.

Cooper did not like a bone in that dog's skin. He could not imagine
what his master saw to admire in him. He kept him all night in the
gun-room, and the dog accompanied him in his halting rambles about the
place. The fonder his master grew of him, the less did Cooper and the
other servants like him.

"He hasn't a point of a good dog about him," Cooper would growl. "I
think Master Charlie be blind. And old Captain (an old red parrot, who
sat chained to a perch in the oak parlour, and conversed with himself,
and nibbled at his claws and bit his perch all day),--old Captain, the
only living thing, except one or two of us, and the Squire himself,
that remembers the old master, the minute he saw the dog, screeched as
if he was struck, shakin' his feathers out quite wild, and drops down,
poor old soul, a-hangin' by his foot, in a fit."

But there is no accounting for fancies, and the Squire was one of
those dogged persons who persist more obstinately in their whims the
more they are opposed. But Charles Marston's health suffered by his
lameness. The transition from habitual and violent exercise to such a
life as his privation now consigned him to, was never made without a
risk to health; and a host of dyspeptic annoyances, the existence of
which he had never dreamed of before, now beset him in sad earnest.
Among these was the now not unfrequent troubling of his sleep with
dreams and nightmares. In these his canine favourite invariably had a
part and was generally a central, and sometimes a solitary figure. In
these visions the dog seemed to stretch himself up the side of the
Squire's bed, and in dilated proportions to sit at his feet, with a
horrible likeness to the pug features of old Squire Toby, with his
tricks of wagging his head and throwing up his chin; and then he would
talk to him about Scroope, and tell him "all wasn't straight," and
that he "must make it up wi' Scroope," that he, the old Squire, had
"served him an ill turn," that "time was nigh up," and that "fair was
fair," and he was "troubled where he was, about Scroope."

Then in his dream this semi-human brute would approach his face to
his, crawling and crouching up his body, heavy as lead, till the face
of the beast was laid on his, with the same odious caresses and
stretchings and writhings which he had seen over the old Squire's
grave. Then Charlie would wake up with a gasp and a howl, and start
upright in the bed, bathed in a cold moisture, and fancy he saw
something white sliding off the foot of the bed. Sometimes he thought
it might be the curtain with white lining that slipped down, or the
coverlet disturbed by his uneasy turnings; but he always fancied, at
such moments, that he saw something white sliding hastily off the bed;
and always when he had been visited by such dreams the dog next
morning was more than usually caressing and servile, as if to
obliterate, by a more than ordinary welcome, the sentiment of disgust
which the horror of the night had left behind it.

The doctor half-satisfied the Squire that there was nothing in these
dreams, which, in one shape or another, invariably attended forms of
indigestion such as he was suffering from.

For a while, as if to corroborate this theory, the dog ceased
altogether to figure in them. But at last there came a vision in
which, more unpleasantly than before, he did resume his old place.

In his nightmare the room seemed all but dark; he heard what he knew
to be the dog walking from the door round his bed slowly, to the side
from which he always had come upon it. A portion of the room was
uncarpeted, and he said he distinctly heard the peculiar tread of a
dog, in which the faint clatter of the claws is audible. It was a
light stealthy step, but at every tread the whole room shook heavily;
he felt something place itself at the foot of his bed, and saw a pair
of green eyes staring at him in the dark, from which he could not
remove his own. Then he heard, as he thought, the old Squire Toby
say--"The eleventh hour be passed, Charlie, and ye've done
nothing--you and I 'a done Scroope a wrong!" and then came a good deal
more, and then--"The time's nigh up, it's going to strike." And with a
long low growl, the thing began to creep up upon his feet; the growl
continued, and he saw the reflection of the up-turned green eyes upon
the bed-clothes, as it began slowly to stretch itself up his body
towards his face. With a loud scream, he waked. The light, which of
late the Squire was accustomed to have in his bedroom, had
accidentally gone out. He was afraid to get up, or even to look about
the room for some time; so sure did he feel of seeing the green eyes
in the dark fixed on him from some corner. He had hardly recovered
from the first agony which nightmare leaves behind it, and was
beginning to collect his thoughts, when he heard the clock strike
twelve. And he bethought him of the words "the eleventh hour be
passed--time's nigh up--it's going to strike!" and he almost feared
that he would hear the voice reopening the subject.

Next morning the Squire came down looking ill.

"Do you know a room, old Cooper," said he, "they used to call King
Herod's Chamber?"

"Ay, sir; the story of King Herod was on the walls o't when I was a

"There's a closet off it--is there?"

"I can't be sure o' that; but 'tisn't worth your looking at, now; the
hangings was rotten, and took off the walls, before you was born; and
there's nou't there but some old broken things and lumber. I seed them
put there myself by poor Twinks; he was blind of an eye, and footman
afterwards. You'll remember Twinks? He died here, about the time o'
the great snow. There was a deal o' work to bury him, poor fellow!"

"Get the key, old Cooper; I'll look at the room," said the Squire.

"And what the devil can you want to look at it for?" said Cooper, with
the old-world privilege of a rustic butler.

"And what the devil's that to you? But I don't mind if I tell you. I
don't want that dog in the gun-room, and I'll put him somewhere else;
and I don't care if I put him there."

"A bull-dog in a bedroom! Oons, sir! the folks 'ill say you're clean

"Well, let them; get you the key, and let us look at the room."

"You'd shoot him if you did right, Master Charlie. You never heard
what a noise he kept up all last night in the gun-room, walking to and
fro growling like a tiger in a show; and, say what you like, the dog's
not worth his feed; he hasn't a point of a dog; he's a bad dog."

"I know a dog better than you--and he's a good dog!" said the Squire,

"If you was a judge of a dog you'd hang that 'un," said Cooper.

"I'm not a-going to hang him, so there's an end. Go you, and get the
key; and don't be talking, mind, when you go down. I may change my

Now this freak of visiting King Herod's room had, in truth, a totally
different object from that pretended by the Squire. The voice in his
nightmare had uttered a particular direction, which haunted him, and
would give him no peace until he had tested it. So far from liking
that dog to-day, he was beginning to regard it with a horrible
suspicion; and if old Cooper had not stirred his obstinate temper by
seeming to dictate, I dare say he would have got rid of that inmate
effectually before evening.

Up to the third storey, long disused, he and old Cooper mounted. At
the end of a dusty gallery, the room lay. The old tapestry, from which
the spacious chamber had taken its name, had long given place to
modern paper, and this was mildewed, and in some places hanging from
the walls. A thick mantle of dust lay over the floor. Some broken
chairs and boards, thick with dust, lay, along with other lumber,
piled together at one end of the room.

They entered the closet, which was quite empty. The Squire looked
round, and you could hardly have said whether he was relieved or

"No furniture here," said the Squire, and looked through the dusty
window. "Did you say anything to me lately--I don't mean this
morning--about this room, or the closet--or anything--I forget--"

"Lor' bless you! Not I. I han't been thinkin' o' this room this forty

"Is there any sort of old furniture called a _buffet_--do you
remember?" asked the Squire.

"A buffet? why, yes--to be sure--there was a buffet, sure enough, in
this closet, now you bring it to my mind," said Cooper. "But it's
papered over."

"And what is it?"

"A little cupboard in the wall," answered the old man.

"Ho--I see--and there's such a thing here, is there, under the paper?
Show me whereabouts it was."

"Well--I think it was somewhere about here," answered he, rapping his
knuckles along the wall opposite the window. "Ay, there it is," he
added, as the hollow sound of a wooden door was returned to his knock.

The Squire pulled the loose paper from the wall, and disclosed the
doors of a small press, about two feet square, fixed in the wall.

"The very thing for my buckles and pistols, and the rest of my
gimcracks," said the Squire. "Come away, we'll leave the dog where he
is. Have you the key of that little press?"

No, he had not. The old master had emptied and locked it up, and
desired that it should be papered over, and that was the history of

Down came the Squire, and took a strong turn-screw from his gun-case;
and quietly he reascended to King Herod's room, and, with little
trouble, forced the door of the small press in the closet wall. There
were in it some letters and cancelled leases, and also a parchment
deed which he took to the window and read with much agitation. It was
a supplemental deed executed about a fortnight after the others, and
previously to his father's marriage, placing Gylingden under strict
settlement to the elder son, in what is called "tail male." Handsome
Charlie, in his fraternal litigation, had acquired a smattering of
technical knowledge, and he perfectly well knew that the effect of
this would be not only to transfer the house and lands to his brother
Scroope, but to leave him at the mercy of that exasperated brother,
who might recover from him personally every guinea he had ever
received by way of rent, from the date of his father's death.

It was a dismal, clouded day, with something threatening in its
aspect, and the darkness, where he stood, was made deeper by the top
of one of the huge old trees overhanging the window.

In a state of awful confusion he attempted to think over his position.
He placed the deed in his pocket, and nearly made up his mind to
destroy it. A short time ago he would not have hesitated for a moment
under such circumstances; but now his health and his nerves were
shattered, and he was under a supernatural alarm which the strange
discovery of this deed had powerfully confirmed.

In this state of profound agitation he heard a sniffing at the
closet-door, and then an impatient scratch and a long low growl. He
screwed his courage up, and, not knowing what to expect, threw the
door open and saw the dog, not in his dream-shape, but wriggling with
joy, and crouching and fawning with eager submission; and then
wandering about the closet, the brute growled awfully into the corners
of it, and seemed in an unappeasable agitation.

Then the dog returned and fawned and crouched again at his feet.

After the first moment was over, the sensations of abhorrence and fear
began to subside, and he almost reproached himself for requiting the
affection of this poor friendless brute with the antipathy which he
had really done nothing to earn.

The dog pattered after him down the stairs. Oddly enough, the sight of
this animal, after the first revulsion, reassured him; it was, in his
eyes, so attached, so good-natured, and palpably so mere a dog.

By the hour of evening the Squire had resolved on a middle course; he
would not inform his brother of his discovery, nor yet would he
destroy the deed. He would never marry. He was past that time. He
would leave a letter, explaining the discovery of the deed, addressed
to the only surviving trustee--who had probably forgotten everything
about it--and having seen out his own tenure, he would provide that
all should be set right after his death. Was not that fair? at all
events it quite satisfied what he called his conscience, and he
thought it a devilish good compromise for his brother; and he went
out, towards sunset, to take his usual walk.

Returning in the darkening twilight, the dog, as usual attending him,
began to grow frisky and wild, at first scampering round him in great
circles, as before, nearly at the top of his speed, his great head
between his paws as he raced. Gradually more excited grew the pace and
narrower his circuit, louder and fiercer his continuous growl, and the
Squire stopped and grasped his stick hard, for the lurid eyes and grin
of the brute threatened an attack. Turning round and round as the
excited brute encircled him, and striking vainly at him with his
stick, he grew at last so tired that he almost despaired of keeping
him longer at bay; when on a sudden the dog stopped short and crawled
up to his feet wriggling and crouching submissively.

Nothing could be more apologetic and abject; and when the Squire dealt
him two heavy thumps with his stick, the dog whimpered only, and
writhed and licked his feet. The Squire sat down on a prostrate tree;
and his dumb companion, recovering his wonted spirits immediately,
began to sniff and nuzzle among the roots. The Squire felt in his
breast-pocket for the deed--it was safe; and again he pondered, in
this loneliest of spots, on the question whether he should preserve it
for restoration after his death to his brother, or destroy it
forthwith. He began rather to lean toward the latter solution, when
the long low growl of the dog not far off startled him.

He was sitting in a melancholy grove of old trees, that slants gently
westward. Exactly the same odd effect of light I have before
described--a faint red glow reflected downward from the upper sky,
after the sun had set, now gave to the growing darkness a lurid
uncertainty. This grove, which lies in a gentle hollow, owing to its
circumscribed horizon on all but one side, has a peculiar character of

He got up and peeped over a sort of barrier, accidentally formed of
the trunks of felled trees laid one over the other, and saw the dog
straining up the other side of it, and hideously stretched out, his
ugly head looking in consequence twice the natural size. His dream was
coming over him again. And now between the trunks the brute's ungainly
head was thrust, and the long neck came straining through, and the
body, twining after it like a huge white lizard; and as it came
striving and twisting through, it growled and glared as if it would
devour him.

As swiftly as his lameness would allow, the Squire hurried from this
solitary spot towards the house. What thoughts exactly passed through
his mind as he did so, I am sure he could not have told. But when the
dog came up with him it seemed appeased, and even in high good-humour,
and no longer resembled the brute that haunted his dreams.

That night, near ten o'clock, the Squire, a good deal agitated, sent
for the keeper, and told him that he believed the dog was mad, and
that he must shoot him. He might shoot the dog in the gun-room, where
he was--a grain of shot or two in the wainscot did not matter, and the
dog must not have a chance of getting out.

The Squire gave the gamekeeper his double-barrelled gun, loaded with
heavy shot. He did not go with him beyond the hall. He placed his hand
on the keeper's arm; the keeper said his hand trembled, and that he
looked "as white as curds."

"Listen a bit!" said the Squire under his breath.

They heard the dog in a state of high excitement in the room--growling
ominously, jumping on the window-stool and down again, and running
round the room.

"You'll need to be sharp, mind--don't give him a chance--slip in
edgeways, d'ye see? and give him both barrels!"

"Not the first mad dog I've knocked over, sir," said the man, looking
very serious as he cocked the gun.

As the keeper opened the door, the dog had sprung into the empty
grate. He said he "never see sich a stark, staring devil." The beast
made a twist round, as if, he thought, to jump up the chimney--"but
that wasn't to be done at no price,"--and he made a yell--not like a
dog--like a man caught in a mill-crank, and before he could spring at
the keeper, he fired one barrel into him. The dog leaped towards him,
and rolled over, receiving the second barrel in his head, as he lay
snorting at the keeper's feet!

"I never seed the like; I never heard a screech like that!" said the
keeper, recoiling. "It makes a fellow feel queer."

"Quite dead?" asked the Squire.

"Not a stir in him, sir," said the man, pulling him along the floor by
the neck.

"Throw him outside the hall-door now," said the Squire;" and mind you
pitch him outside the gate to-night--old Cooper says he's a witch,"
and the pale Squire smiled, "so he shan't lie in Gylingden."

Never was man more relieved than the Squire, and he slept better for a
week after this than he had done for many weeks before.

It behoves us all to act promptly on our good resolutions. There is a
determined gravitation towards evil, which, if left to itself, will
bear down first intentions. If at one moment of superstitious fear,
the Squire had made up his mind to a great sacrifice, and resolved in
the matter of that deed so strangely recovered, to act honestly by his
brother, that resolution very soon gave place to the compromise with
fraud, which so conveniently postponed the restitution to the period
when further enjoyment on his part was impossible. Then came more
tidings of Scroope's violent and minatory language, with always the
same burthen--that he would leave no stone unturned to show that there
had existed a deed which Charles had either secreted or destroyed, and
that he would never rest till he had hanged him.

This of course was wild talk. At first it had only enraged him; but,
with his recent guilty knowledge and suppression, had come fear. His
danger was the existence of the deed, and little by little he brought
himself to a resolution to destroy it. There were many falterings and
recoils before he could bring himself to commit this crime. At length,
however, he did it, and got rid of the custody of that which at any
time might become the instrument of disgrace and ruin. There was
relief in this, but also the new and terrible sense of actual guilt.

He had got pretty well rid of his supernatural qualms. It was a
different kind of trouble that agitated him now.

But this night, he imagined, he was awakened by a violent shaking of
his bed. He could see, in the very imperfect light, two figures at the
foot of it, holding each a bed-post. One of these he half-fancied was
his brother Scroope, but the other was the old Squire--of that he was
sure--and he fancied that they had shaken him up from his sleep.
Squire Toby was talking as Charlie wakened, and he heard him say:

"Put out of our own house by you! It won't hold for long. We'll come
in together, friendly, and stay. Fore-warned, wi' yer eyes open, ye
did it; and now Scroope'll hang you! We'll hang you together! Look at
me, you devil's limb."

And the old Squire tremblingly stretched his face, torn with shot and
bloody, and growing every moment more and more into the likeness of
the dog, and began to stretch himself out and climb the bed over the
foot-board; and he saw the figure at the other side, little more than
a black shadow, begin also to scale the bed; and there was instantly a
dreadful confusion and uproar in the room, and such a gabbling and
laughing; he could not catch the words; but, with a scream, he woke,
and found himself standing on the floor. The phantoms and the clamour
were gone, but a crash and ringing of fragments was in his ears. The
great china bowl, from which for generations the Marstons of Gylingden
had been baptized, had fallen from the mantelpiece, and was smashed on
the hearth-stone.

"I've bin dreamin' all night about Mr. Scroope, and I wouldn't wonder,
old Cooper, if he was dead," said the Squire, when he came down in the

"God forbid! I was adreamed about him, too, sir: I dreamed he was
dammin' and sinkin' about a hole was burnt in his coat, and the old
master, God be wi' him! said--quite plain--I'd 'a swore 'twas
himself--'Cooper, get up, ye d----d land-loupin' thief, and lend a
hand to hang him--for he's a daft cur, and no dog o' mine.' 'Twas the
dog shot over night, I do suppose, as was runnin' in my old head. I
thought old master gied me a punch wi' his knuckles, and says I,
wakenin' up, 'At yer service, sir'; and for a while I couldn't get it
out o' my head, master was in the room still."

Letters from town soon convinced the Squire that his brother Scroope,
so far from being dead, was particularly active; and Charlie's
attorney wrote to say, in serious alarm, that he had heard,
accidentally, that he intended setting up a case, of a supplementary
deed of settlement, of which he had secondary evidence, which would
give him Gylingden. And at this menace Handsome Charlie snapped his
fingers, and wrote courageously to his attorney; abiding what might
follow with, however, a secret foreboding.

Scroope threatened loudly now, and swore after his bitter fashion, and
reiterated his old promise of hanging that cheat at last. In the midst
of these menaces and preparations, however, a sudden peace proclaimed
itself: Scroope died, without time even to make provisions for a
posthumous attack upon his brother. It was one of those cases of
disease of the heart in which death is as sudden as by a bullet.

Charlie's exultation was undisguised. It was shocking. Not, of course,
altogether malignant. For there was the expansion consequent on the
removal of a secret fear. There was also the comic piece of luck, that
only the day before Scroope had destroyed his old will, which left to
a stranger every farthing he possessed, intending in a day or two to
execute another to the same person, charged with the express condition
of prosecuting the suit against Charlie.

The result was, that all his possessions went unconditionally to his
brother Charles as his heir. Here were grounds for abundance of savage
elation. But there was also the deep-seated hatred of half a life of
mutual and persistent agression and revilings; and Handsome Charlie
was capable of nursing a grudge, and enjoying a revenge with his whole

He would gladly have prevented his brother's being buried in the old
Gylingden chapel, where he wished to lie; but his lawyers doubted his
power, and he was not quite proof against the scandal which would
attend his turning back the funeral, which would, he knew, be attended
by some of the country gentry and others, with an hereditary regard
for the Marstons.

But he warned his servants that not one of them were to attend it;
promising, with oaths and curses not to be disregarded, that any one
of them who did so, should find the door shut in his face on his

I don't think, with the exception of old Cooper, that the servants
cared for this prohibition, except as it baulked a curiosity always
strong in the solitude of the country. Cooper was very much vexed that
the eldest son of the old Squire should be buried in the old family
chapel, and no sign of decent respect from Gylingden Hall. He asked
his master, whether he would not, at least, have some wine and
refreshments in the oak parlour, in case any of the country gentlemen
who paid this respect to the old family should come up to the house?
But the Squire only swore at him, told him to mind his own business,
and ordered him to say, if such a thing happened, that he was out, and
no preparations made, and, in fact, to send them away as they came.
Cooper expostulated stoutly, and the Squire grew angrier; and after a
tempestuous scene, took his hat and stick and walked out, just as the
funeral descending the valley from the direction of the "Old Angel
Inn" came in sight.

Old Cooper prowled about disconsolately, and counted the carriages as
well as he could from the gate. When the funeral was over, and they
began to drive away, he returned to the hall, the door of which lay
open, and as usual deserted. Before he reached it quite, a mourning
coach drove up, and two gentlemen in black cloaks, and with crapes to
their hats, got out, and without looking to the right or the left,
went up the steps into the house. Cooper followed them slowly. The
carriage had, he supposed, gone round to the yard, for, when he
reached the door, it was no longer there.

So he followed the two mourners into the house. In the hall he found a
fellow-servant, who said he had seen two gentlemen, in black cloaks,
pass through the hall, and go up the stairs without removing their
hats, or asking leave of anyone. This was very odd, old Cooper
thought, and a great liberty; so up-stairs he went to make them out.

But he could not find them then, nor ever. And from that hour the
house was troubled.

In a little time there was not one of the servants who had not
something to tell. Steps and voices followed them sometimes in the
passages, and tittering whispers, always minatory, scared them at
corners of the galleries, or from dark recesses; so that they would
return panic-stricken to be rebuked by thin Mrs. Beckett, who looked
on such stories as worse than idle. But Mrs Beckett herself, a short
time after, took a very different view of the matter.

She had herself begun to hear these voices, and with this formidable
aggravation, that they came always when she was at her prayers, which
she had been punctual in saying all her life, and utterly interrupted
them. She was scared at such moments by dropping words and sentences,
which grew, as she persisted, into threats and blasphemies.

These voices were not always in the room. They called, as she fancied,
through the walls, very thick in that old house, from the neighbouring
apartments, sometimes on one side, sometimes on the other; sometimes
they seemed to holloa from distant lobbies, and came muffled, but
threateningly, through the long panelled passages. As they approached
they grew furious, as if several voices were speaking together.
Whenever, as I said, this worthy woman applied herself to her
devotions, these horrible sentences came hurrying towards the door,
and, in panic, she would start from her knees, and all then would
subside except the thumping of her heart against her stays, and the
dreadful tremors of her nerves.

What these voices said, Mrs. Beckett never could quite remember one
minute after they had ceased speaking; one sentence chased another
away; gibe and menace and impious denunciation, each hideously
articulate, were lost as soon as heard. And this added to the effect
of these terrifying mockeries and invectives, that she could not, by
any effort, retain their exact import, although their horrible
character remained vividly present to her mind.

For a long time the Squire seemed to be the only person in the house
absolutely unconscious of these annoyances. Mrs. Beckett had twice
made up her mind within the week to leave. A prudent woman, however,
who has been comfortable for more than twenty years in a place, thinks
oftener than twice before she leaves it. She and old Cooper were the
only servants in the house who remembered the good old housekeeping in
Squire Toby's day. The others were few, and such as could hardly be
accounted regular servants. Meg Dobbs, who acted as housemaid, would
not sleep in the house, but walked home, in trepidation, to her
father's, at the gate-house, under the escort of her little brother,
every night. Old Mrs. Beckett, who was high and mighty with the
make-shift servants of fallen Gylingden, let herself down all at once,
and made Mrs. Kymes and the kitchenmaid move their beds into her large
and faded room, and there, very frankly, shared her nightly terrors
with them.

Old Cooper was testy and captious about these stories. He was already
uncomfortable enough by reason of the entrance of the two muffled
figures into the house, about which there could be no mistake. His own
eyes had seen them. He refused to credit the stories of the women, and
affected to think that the two mourners might have left the house and
driven away, on finding no one to receive them.

Old Cooper was summoned at night to the oak parlour, where the Squire
was smoking.

"I say, Cooper," said the Squire, looking pale and angry, "what for
ha' you been frightenin' they crazy women wi' your plaguy stories?
d---- me, if you see ghosts here it's no place for you, and it's time
you should pack. I won't be left without servants. Here has been old
Beckett, wi' the cook and the kitchenmaid, as white as pipe-clay, all
in a row, to tell me I must have a parson to sleep among them, and
preach down the devil! Upon my soul, you're a wise old body, filling
their heads wi' maggots! and Meg goes down to the lodge every night,
afeared to lie in the house--all your doing, wi' your old wives'
stories,--ye withered old Tom o' Bedlam!"

"I'm not to blame, Master Charles. 'Tisn't along o' no stories o'
mine, for I'm never done tellin' 'em it's all vanity and vapours. Mrs.
Beckett 'ill tell you that, and there's been many a wry word betwixt
us on the head o't. Whate'er I may _think_," said old Cooper,
significantly, and looking askance, with the sternness of fear in the
Squire's face.

The Squire averted his eyes, and muttered angrily to himself, and
turned away to knock the ashes out of his pipe on the hob, and then
turning suddenly round upon Cooper again, he spoke, with a pale face,
but not quite so angrily as before.

"I know you're no fool, old Cooper, when you like. Suppose there was
such a thing as a ghost here, don't you see, it ain't to them
snipe-headed women it 'id go to tell its story. What ails you, man,
that you should think aught about it, but just what _I_ think? You had
a good headpiece o' yer own once, Cooper, don't be you clappin' a
goosecap over it, as my poor father used to say; d----it, old boy, you
mustn't let 'em be fools, settin' one another wild wi' their blether,
and makin' the folk talk what they shouldn't, about Gylingden and the
family. I don't think ye'd like that, old Cooper, I'm sure ye
wouldn't. The women has gone out o' the kitchen, make up a bit o'
fire, and get your pipe. I'll go to you, when I finish this one, and
we'll smoke a bit together, and a glass o' brandy and water."

Down went the old butler, not altogether unused to such condescensions
in that disorderly and lonely household; and let not those who can
choose their company, be too hard on the Squire who couldn't.

When he had got things tidy, as he said, he sat down in that big old
kitchen, with his feet on the fender, the kitchen candle burning in a
great brass candlestick, which stood on the deal table at his elbow,
with the brandy bottle and tumblers beside it, and Cooper's pipe also
in readiness. And these preparations completed, the old butler, who
had remembered other generations and better times, fell into
rumination, and so, gradually, into a deep sleep.

Old Cooper was half awakened by some one laughing low, near his head.
He was dreaming of old times in the Hall, and fancied one of "the
young gentlemen" going to play him a trick, and he mumbled something
in his sleep, from which he was awakened by a stern deep voice,
saying, "You wern't at the funeral; I might take your life, I'll take
your ear." At the same moment, the side of his head received a violent
push, and he started to his feet. The fire had gone down, and he was
chilled. The candle was expiring in the socket, and threw on the white
wall long shadows, that danced up and down from the ceiling to the
ground, and their black outlines he fancied resembled the two men in
cloaks, whom he remembered with a profound horror.

He took the candle, with all the haste he could, getting along the
passage, on whose walls the same dance of black shadows was continued,
very anxious to reach his room before the light should go out. He was
startled half out of his wits by the sudden clang of his master's
bell, close over his head, ringing furiously.

"Ha, ha! There it goes--yes, sure enough," said Cooper, reassuring
himself with the sound of his own voice, as he hastened on, hearing
more and more distinct every moment the same furious ringing. "He's
fell asleep, like me; that's it, and his lights is out, I lay you

When he turned the handle of the door of the oak parlour, the Squire
wildly called, "Who's _there_?" in the tone of a man who expects a

"It's me, old Cooper, all right, Master Charlie, you didn't come to
the kitchen after all, sir."

"I'm very bad, Cooper; I don't know how I've been. Did you meet
anything?" asked the Squire.

"No," said Cooper.

They stared on one another.

"Come here--stay here! Don't you leave me! Look round the room, and
say is all right; and gie us your hand, old Cooper, for I must hold
it." The Squire's was damp and cold, and trembled very much. It was
not very far from day-break now.

After a time he spoke again: "I'a done many a thing I shouldn't; I'm
not fit to go, and wi' God's blessin' I'll look to it--why shouldn't
I? I'm as lame as old Billy--I'll never be able to do any good no
more, and I'll give over drinking, and marry, as I ought to 'a done
long ago--none o' yer fine ladies, but a good homely wench; there's
Farmer Crump's youngest daughter, a good lass, and discreet. What for
shouldn't I take her? She'd take care o' me, and wouldn't bring a head
full o' romances here, and mantua-makers' trumpery, and I'll talk with
the parson, and I'll do what's fair wi' everyone; and mind, I said I'm
sorry for many a thing I 'a done."

A wild cold dawn had by this time broken. The Squire, Cooper said,
looked "awful bad," as he got his hat and stick, and sallied out for a
walk, instead of going to his bed, as Cooper besought him, looking so
wild and distracted, that it was plain his object was simply to escape
from the house. It was twelve o'clock when the Squire walked into the
kitchen, where he was sure of finding some of the servants, looking as
if ten years had passed over him since yesterday. He pulled a stool by
the fire, without speaking a word, and sat down. Cooper had sent to
Applebury for the doctor, who had just arrived, but the Squire would
not go to him. "If he wants to see me, he may come here," he muttered
as often as Cooper urged him. So the doctor did come, charily enough,
and found the Squire very much worse than he had expected.

The Squire resisted the order to get to his bed. But the doctor
insisted under a threat of death, at which his patient quailed.

"Well, I'll do what you say--only this--you must let old Cooper and
Dick Keeper stay wi' me. I mustn't be left alone, and they must keep
awake o' nights; and stay a while, do _you_. When I get round a bit,
I'll go and live in a town. It's dull livin' here, now that I can't do
nou't, as I used, and I'll live a better life, mind ye; ye heard me
say that, and I don't care who laughs, and I'll talk wi' the parson. I
like 'em to laugh, hang 'em, it's a sign I'm doin' right, at last."

The doctor sent a couple of nurses from the County Hospital, not
choosing to trust his patient to the management he had selected, and
he went down himself to Gylingden to meet them in the evening. Old
Cooper was ordered to occupy the dressing-room, and sit up at night,
which satisfied the Squire, who was in a strangely excited state, very
low, and threatened, the doctor said, with fever.

The clergyman came, an old, gentle, "book-learned" man, and talked and
prayed with him late that evening. After he had gone the Squire called
the nurses to his bedside, and said:

"There's a fellow sometimes comes; you'll never mind him. He looks in
at the door and beckons,--a thin, hump-backed chap in mourning, wi'
black gloves on; ye'll know him by his lean face, as brown as the
wainscot: don't ye mind his smilin'. You don't go out to him, nor ask
him in; he won't say nout; and if he grows anger'd and looks awry at
ye, don't ye be afeared, for he can't hurt ye, and he'll grow tired
waitin', and go away; and for God's sake mind ye don't ask him in, nor
go out after him!"

The nurses put their heads together when this was over, and held
afterwards a whispering conference with old Cooper. "Law bless
ye!--no, there's no madman in the house," he protested; "not a soul
but what ye saw,--it's just a trifle o' the fever in his head--no

The Squire grew worse as the night wore on. He was heavy and
delirious, talking of all sorts of things--of wine, and dogs, and
lawyers; and then he began to talk, as it were, to his brother
Scroope. As he did so, Mrs. Oliver, the nurse, who was sitting up
alone with him, heard, as she thought, a hand softly laid on the
door-handle outside, and a stealthy attempt to turn it. "Lord bless
us! who's there?" she cried, and her heart jumped into her mouth, as
she thought of the hump-backed man in black, who was to put in his
head smiling and beckoning--"Mr. Cooper! sir! are you there?" she
cried. "Come here, Mr. Cooper, please--do, sir, quick!"

Old Cooper, called up from his doze by the fire, stumbled in from the
dressing-room, and Mrs. Oliver seized him tightly as he emerged.

"The man with the hump has been atryin' the door, Mr. Cooper, as sure
as I am here." The Squire was moaning and mumbling in his fever,
understanding nothing, as she spoke. "No, no! Mrs. Oliver, ma'am, it's
impossible, for there's no sich man in the house: what is Master
Charlie sayin'?"

"He's saying _Scroope_ every minute, whatever he means by that,
and--and--hisht!--listen--there's the handle again," and, with a loud
scream, she added--"Look at his head and neck in at the door!" and in
her tremour she strained old Cooper in an agonizing embrace.

The candle was flaring, and there was a wavering shadow at the door
that looked like the head of a man with a long neck, and a longish
sharp nose, peeping in and drawing back.

"Don't be a d---- fool, ma'am!" cried Cooper, very white, and shaking
her with all his might. "It's only the candle, I tell you--nothing in
life but that. Don't you see?" and he raised the light; "and I'm sure
there was no one at the door, and I'll try, if you let me go."

The other nurse was asleep on a sofa, and Mrs. Oliver called her up in
a panic, for company, as old Cooper opened the door. There was no one
near it, but at the angle of the gallery was a shadow resembling that
which he had seen in the room. He raised the candle a little, and it
seemed to beckon with a long hand as the head drew back. "Shadow from
the candle!" exclaimed Cooper aloud, resolved not to yield to Mrs.
Oliver's panic; and, candle in hand, he walked to the corner. There
was nothing. He could not forbear peeping down the long gallery from
this point, and as he moved the light, he saw precisely the same sort
of shadow, a little further down, and as he advanced the same
withdrawal, and beckon. "Gammon!" said he; "it is nout but the
candle." And on he went, growing half angry and half frightened at the
persistency with which this ugly shadow--a literal shadow he was sure
it was--presented itself. As he drew near the point where it now
appeared, it seemed to collect itself, and nearly dissolve in the
central panel of an old carved cabinet which he was now approaching.

In the centre panel of this is a sort of boss carved into a wolf's
head. The light fell oddly upon this, and the fugitive shadow seemed
to be breaking up, and re-arranging itself as oddly. The eye-ball
gleamed with a point of reflected light, which glittered also upon the
grinning mouth, and he saw the long, sharp nose of Scroope Marston,
and his fierce eye looking at him, he thought, with a steadfast

Old Cooper stood gazing upon this sight, unable to move, till he saw
the face, and the figure that belonged to it, begin gradually to
emerge from the wood. At the same time he heard voices approaching
rapidly up a side gallery, and Cooper, with a loud "Lord a-mercy on
us!" turned and ran back again, pursued by a sound that seemed to
shake the old house like a mighty gust of wind.

Into his master's room burst old Cooper, half wild with fear, and
clapped the door and turned the key in a twinkling, looking as if he
had been pursued by murderers.

"Did you hear it?" whispered Cooper, now standing near the
dressing-room door. They all listened, but not a sound from without
disturbed the utter stillness of night. "God bless us! I doubt it's my
old head that's gone crazy!" exclaimed Cooper.

He would tell them nothing but that he was himself "an old fool," to
be frightened by their talk, and that "the rattle of a window, or the
dropping o' a pin" was enough to scare him now; and so he helped
himself through that night with brandy, and sat up talking by his
master's fire.

The Squire recovered slowly from his brain fever, but not perfectly. A
very little thing, the doctor said, would suffice to upset him. He was
not yet sufficiently strong to remove for change of scene and air,
which were necessary for his complete restoration.

Cooper slept in the dressing-room, and was now his only nightly
attendant. The ways of the invalid were odd: he liked, half sitting up
in his bed, to smoke his churchwarden o' nights, and made old Cooper
smoke, for company, at the fireside. As the Squire and his humble
friend indulged in it, smoking is a taciturn pleasure, and it was not
until the Master of Gylingden had finished his third pipe that he
essayed conversation, and when he did, the subject was not such as
Cooper would have chosen.

"I say, old Cooper, look in my face, and don't be afeared to speak
out," said the Squire, looking at him with a steady, cunning smile;
"you know all this time, as well as I do, who's in the house. You
needn't deny--hey?--Scroope and my father?"

"Don't you be talking like that, Charlie," said old Cooper, rather
sternly and frightened, after a long silence; still looking in his
face, which did not change.

"What's the good o' shammin', Cooper? Scroope's took the hearin' o'
yer right ear--you know he did. He's looking angry. He's nigh took my
life wi' this fever. But he's not done wi' me yet, and he looks awful
wicked. Ye saw him--ye know ye did."

Cooper was awfully frightened, and the odd smile on the Squire's lips
frightened him still more. He dropped his pipe, and stood gazing in
silence at his master, and feeling as if he were in a dream.

"If ye think so, ye should not be smiling like that," said Cooper,

"I'm tired, Cooper, and it's as well to smile as t'other thing; so
I'll even smile while I can. You know what they mean to do wi' me.
That's all I wanted to say. Now, lad, go on wi' yer pipe--I'm goin'

So the Squire turned over in his bed, and lay down serenely, with his
head on the pillow. Old Cooper looked at him, and glanced at the door,
and then half-filled his tumbler with brandy, and drank it off, and
felt better, and got to his bed in the dressing-room.

In the dead of night he was suddenly awakened by the Squire, who was
standing, in his dressing-gown and slippers, by his bed.

"I've brought you a bit o' a present. I got the rents o' Hazelden
yesterday, and ye'll keep that for yourself--it's a fifty--and give t'
other to Nelly Carwell, to-morrow; I'll sleep the sounder; and I saw
Scroope since; he's not such a bad 'un after all, old fellow! He's got
a crape over his face--for I told him I couldn't bear it; and I'd do
many a thing for him now. I never could stand shilly-shally.
Good-night, old Cooper!"

And the Squire laid his trembling hand kindly on the old man's
shoulder, and returned to his own room. "I don't half like how he is.
Doctor don't come half often enough. I don't like that queer smile o'
his, and his hand was as cold as death. I hope in God his brain's not

With these reflections, he turned to the pleasanter subject of his
present, and at last fell asleep.

In the morning, when he went into the Squire's room, the Squire had
left his bed. "Never mind; he'll come back, like a bad shillin',"
thought old Cooper, preparing the room as usual. But he did not
return. Then began an uneasiness, succeeded by a panic, when it began
to be plain that the Squire was not in the house. What had become of
him? None of his clothes, but his dressing-gown and slippers, were
missing. Had he left the house, in his present sickly state, in that
garb? and, if so, could he be in his right senses; and was there a
chance of his surviving a cold, damp night, so passed, in the open

Tom Edwards was up to the house, and told them, that, walking a mile
or so that morning, at four o'clock--there being no moon--along with
Farmer Nokes, who was driving his cart to market, in the dark, three
men walked, in front of the horse, not twenty yards before them, all
the way from near Gylingden Lodge to the burial-ground, the gate of
which was opened for them from within, and the three men entered, and
the gate was shut. Tom Edwards thought they were gone in to make
preparation for a funeral of some member of the Marston family. But
the occurrence seemed to Cooper, who knew there was no such thing,
horribly ominous.

He now commenced a careful search, and at last bethought him of the
lonely upper storey, and King Herod's chamber. He saw nothing changed
there, but the closet door was shut, and, dark as was the morning,
something, like a large white knot sticking out over the door, caught
his eye.

The door resisted his efforts to open it for a time; some great weight
forced it down against the floor; at length, however, it did yield a
little, and a heavy crash, shaking the whole floor, and sending an
echo flying through all the silent corridors, with a sound like
receding laughter, half stunned him.

When he pushed open the door, his master was lying dead upon the
floor. His cravat was drawn halter-wise tight round his throat, and
had done its work well. The body was cold, and had been long dead.

In due course the coroner held his inquest, and the jury pronounced,
"that the deceased, Charles Marston, had died by his own hand, in a
state of temporary insanity." But old Cooper had his own opinion about
the Squire's death, though his lips were sealed, and he never spoke
about it. He went and lived for the residue of his days in York, where
there are still people who remember him, a taciturn and surly old man,
who attended church regularly, and also drank a little, and was known
to have saved some money.


     Contributed to the Christmas Number of _London Society_
     (1872): signed.

About thirty years ago I was selected by two rich old maids to visit a
property in that part of Lancashire which lies near the famous forest
of Pendle, with which Mr. Ainsworth's "Lancashire Witches" has made us
so pleasantly familiar. My business was to make partition of a small
property, including a house and demesne, to which they had a long time
before succeeded as co-heiresses.

The last forty miles of my journey I was obliged to post, chiefly by
cross-roads, little known, and less frequented, and presenting scenery
often extremely interesting and pretty. The picturesqueness of the
landscape was enhanced by the season, the beginning of September, at
which I was travelling.

I had never been in this part of the world before; I am told it is now
a great deal less wild, and, consequently, less beautiful.

At the inn where I had stopped for a relay of horses and some
dinner--for it was then past five o'clock--I found the host, a hale
old fellow of five-and-sixty, as he told me, a man of easy and
garrulous benevolence, willing to accommodate his guests with any
amount of talk, which the slightest tap sufficed to set flowing, on
any subject you pleased.

I was curious to learn something about Barwyke, which was the name of
the demesne and house I was going to. As there was no inn within some
miles of it, I had written to the steward to put me up there, the best
way he could, for a night.

The host of the "Three Nuns," which was the sign under which he
entertained wayfarers, had not a great deal to tell. It was twenty
years, or more, since old Squire Bowes died, and no one had lived in
the Hall ever since, except the gardener and his wife.

"Tom Wyndsour will be as old a man as myself; but he's a bit taller,
and not so much in flesh, quite," said the fat innkeeper.

"But there were stories about the house," I repeated, "that they said,
prevented tenants from coming into it?"

"Old wives' tales; many years ago, that will be, sir; I forget 'em; I
forget 'em all. Oh yes, there always will be, when a house is left so;
foolish folk will always be talkin'; but I hadn't heard a word about
it this twenty year."

It was vain trying to pump him; the old landlord of the "Three Nuns,"
for some reason, did not choose to tell tales of Barwyke Hall, if he
really did, as I suspected, remember them.

I paid my reckoning, and resumed my journey, well pleased with the
good cheer of that old-world inn, but a little disappointed.

We had been driving for more than an hour, when we began to cross a
wild common; and I knew that, this passed, a quarter of an hour would
bring me to the door of Barwyke Hall.

The peat and furze were pretty soon left behind; we were again in the
wooded scenery that I enjoyed so much, so entirely natural and pretty,
and so little disturbed by traffic of any kind. I was looking from the
chaise-window, and soon detected the object of which, for some time,
my eye had been in search. Barwyke Hall was a large, quaint house, of
that cage-work fashion known as "black-and-white," in which the bars
and angles of an oak framework contrast, black as ebony, with the
white plaster that overspreads the masonry built into its interstices.
This steep-roofed Elizabethan house stood in the midst of park-like
grounds of no great extent, but rendered imposing by the noble stature
of the old trees that now cast their lengthening shadows eastward over
the sward, from the declining sun.

The park-wall was grey with age, and in many places laden with ivy. In
deep grey shadow, that contrasted with the dim fires of evening
reflected on the foliage above it, in a gentle hollow, stretched a
lake that looked cold and black, and seemed, as it were, to skulk from
observation with a guilty knowledge.

I had forgot that there was a lake at Barwyke; but the moment this
caught my eye, like the cold polish of a snake in the shadow, my
instinct seemed to recognise something dangerous, and I knew that the
lake was connected, I could not remember how, with the story I had
heard of this place in my boyhood.

I drove up a grass-grown avenue, under the boughs of these noble
trees, whose foliage, dyed in autumnal red and yellow, returned the
beams of the western sun gorgeously.

We drew up at the door. I got out, and had a good look at the front of
the house; it was a large and melancholy mansion, with signs of long
neglect upon it; great wooden shutters, in the old fashion, were
barred, outside, across the windows; grass, and even nettles, were
growing thick on the courtyard, and a thin moss streaked the timber
beams; the plaster was discoloured by time and weather, and bore great
russet and yellow stains. The gloom was increased by several grand old
trees that crowded close about the house.

I mounted the steps, and looked round; the dark lake lay near me now,
a little to the left. It was not large; it may have covered some ten
or twelve acres; but it added to the melancholy of the scene. Near the
centre of it was a small island, with two old ash trees, leaning
toward each other, their pensive images reflected in the stirless
water. The only cheery influence in this scene of antiquity, solitude,
and neglect was that the house and landscape were warmed with the
ruddy western beams. I knocked, and my summons resounded hollow and
ungenial in my ear; and the bell, from far away, returned a
deep-mouthed and surly ring, as if it resented being roused from a
score years' slumber.

A light-limbed, jolly-looking old fellow, in a barracan jacket and
gaiters, with a smile of welcome, and a very sharp, red nose, that
seemed to promise good cheer, opened the door with a promptitude that
indicated a hospitable expectation of my arrival.

There was but little light in the hall, and that little lost itself in
darkness in the background. It was very spacious and lofty, with a
gallery running round it, which, when the door was open, was visible
at two or three points. Almost in the dark my new acquaintance led me
across this wide hall into the room destined for my reception. It was
spacious, and wainscoted up to the ceiling. The furniture of this
capacious chamber was old-fashioned and clumsy. There were curtains
still to the windows, and a piece of Turkey carpet lay upon the
floor; those windows were two in number, looking out, through the
trunks of the trees close to the house, upon the lake. It needed all
the fire, and all the pleasant associations of my entertainer's red
nose, to light up this melancholy chamber. A door at its farther end
admitted to the room that was prepared for my sleeping apartment. It
was wainscoted, like the other. It had a four-post bed, with heavy
tapestry curtains, and in other respects was furnished in the same
old-world and ponderous style as the other room. Its window, like
those of that apartment, looked out upon the lake.

Sombre and sad as these rooms were, they were yet scrupulously clean.
I had nothing to complain of; but the effect was rather dispiriting.
Having given some directions about supper--a pleasant incident to look
forward to--and made a rapid toilet, I called on my friend with the
gaiters and red nose (Tom Wyndsour) whose occupation was that of a
"bailiff," or under-steward, of the property, to accompany me, as we
had still an hour or so of sun and twilight, in a walk over the

It was a sweet autumn evening, and my guide, a hardy old fellow,
strode at a pace that tasked me to keep up with.

Among clumps of trees at the northern boundary of the demesne we
lighted upon the little antique parish church. I was looking down upon
it, from an eminence, and the park-wall interposed; but a little way
down was a stile affording access to the road, and by this we
approached the iron gate of the churchyard. I saw the church door
open; the sexton was replacing his pick, shovel and spade, with which
he had just been digging a grave in the churchyard, in their little
repository under the stone stair of the tower. He was a polite, shrewd
little hunchback, who was very happy to show me over the church.
Among the monuments was one that interested me; it was erected to
commemorate the very Squire Bowes from whom my two old maids had
inherited the house and estate of Barwyke. It spoke of him in terms of
grandiloquent eulogy, and informed the Christian reader that he had
died, in the bosom of the Church of England, at the age of

I read this inscription by the parting beams of the setting sun, which
disappeared behind the horizon just as we passed out from under the

"Twenty years since the Squire died," said I, reflecting as I loitered
still in the churchyard.

"Ay, sir; 'twill be twenty year the ninth o' last month."

"And a very good old gentleman?"

"Good-natured enough, and an easy gentleman he was, sir; I don't think
while he lived he ever hurt a fly," acquiesced Tom Wyndsour. "It ain't
always easy sayin' what's in 'em though, and what they may take or
turn to afterwards; and some o' them sort, I think, goes mad."

"You don't think he was out of his mind?" I asked.

"He? La! no; not he, sir; a bit lazy, mayhap, like other old fellows;
but a knew devilish well what he was about."

Tom Wyndsour's account was a little enigmatical; but, like old Squire
Bowes, I was "a bit lazy" that evening, and asked no more questions
about him.

We got over the stile upon the narrow road that skirts the churchyard.
It is overhung by elms more than a hundred years old, and in the
twilight, which now prevailed, was growing very dark. As side-by-side
we walked along this road, hemmed in by two loose stone-like walls,
something running towards us in a zig-zag line passed us at a wild
pace, with a sound like a frightened laugh or a shudder, and I saw, as
it passed, that it was a human figure. I may confess now, that I was a
little startled. The dress of this figure was, in part, white: I know
I mistook it at first for a white horse coming down the road at a
gallop. Tom Wyndsour turned about and looked after the retreating

"He'll be on his travels to-night," he said, in a low tone. "Easy
served with a bed, _that_ lad be; six foot o' dry peat or heath, or a
nook in a dry ditch. That lad hasn't slept once in a house this twenty
year, and never will while grass grows."

"Is he mad?" I asked.

"Something that way, sir; he's an idiot, an awpy; we call him 'Dickon
the devil,' because the devil's almost the only word that's ever in
his mouth."

It struck me that this idiot was in some way connected with the story
of old Squire Bowes.

"Queer things are told of him, I dare say?" I suggested.

"More or less, sir; more or less. Queer stories, some."

"Twenty years since he slept in a house? That's about the time the
Squire died," I continued.

"So it will be, sir; and not very long after."

"You must tell me all about that, Tom, to-night, when I can hear it
comfortably, after supper."

Tom did not seem to like my invitation; and looking straight before
him as we trudged on, he said,

"You see, sir, the house has been quiet, and nout's been troubling
folk inside the walls or out, all round the woods of Barwyke, this ten
year, or more; and my old woman, down there, is clear against talking
about such matters, and thinks it best--and so do I--to let sleepin'
dogs be."

He dropped his voice towards the close of the sentence, and nodded

We soon reached a point where he unlocked a wicket in the park wall,
by which we entered the grounds of Barwyke once more.

The twilight deepening over the landscape, the huge and solemn trees,
and the distant outline of the haunted house, exercised a sombre
influence on me, which, together with the fatigue of a day of travel,
and the brisk walk we had had, disinclined me to interrupt the silence
in which my companion now indulged.

A certain air of comparative comfort, on our arrival, in great measure
dissipated the gloom that was stealing over me. Although it was by no
means a cold night, I was very glad to see some wood blazing in the
grate; and a pair of candles aiding the light of the fire, made the
room look cheerful. A small table, with a very white cloth, and
preparations for supper, was also a very agreeable object.

I should have liked very well, under these influences, to have
listened to Tom Wyndsour's story; but after supper I grew too sleepy
to attempt to lead him to the subject; and after yawning for a time, I
found there was no use in contending against my drowsiness, so I
betook myself to my bedroom, and by ten o'clock was fast asleep.

What interruption I experienced that night I shall tell you presently.
It was not much, but it was very odd.

By next night I had completed my work at Barwyke. From early morning
till then I was so incessantly occupied and hard-worked, that I had no
time to think over the singular occurrence to which I have just
referred. Behold me, however, at length once more seated at my little
supper-table, having ended a comfortable meal. It had been a sultry
day, and I had thrown one of the large windows up as high as it would
go. I was sitting near it, with my brandy and water at my elbow,
looking out into the dark. There was no moon, and the trees that are
grouped about the house make the darkness round it supernaturally
profound on such nights.

"Tom," said I, so soon as the jug of hot punch I had supplied him with
began to exercise its genial and communicative influence; "you must
tell me who beside your wife and you and myself slept in the house
last night."

Tom, sitting near the door, set down his tumbler, and looked at me
askance, while you might count seven, without speaking a word.

"Who else slept in the house?" he repeated, very deliberately. "Not a
living soul, sir"; and he looked hard at me, still evidently expecting
something more.

"That _is_ very odd," I said returning his stare, and feeling really a
little odd. "You are sure _you_ were not in my room last night?"

"Not till I came to call you, sir, this morning; _I_ can make oath of

"Well," said I, "there was some one there, _I_ can make oath of that.
I was so tired I could not make up my mind to get up; but I was waked
by a sound that I thought was some one flinging down the two tin boxes
in which my papers were locked up violently on the floor. I heard a
slow step on the ground, and there was light in the room, although I
remembered having put out my candle. I thought it must have been you,
who had come in for my clothes, and upset the boxes by accident.
Whoever it was, he went out and the light with him. I was about to
settle again, when, the curtain being a little open at the foot of
the bed, I saw a light on the wall opposite; such as a candle from
outside would cast if the door were very cautiously opening. I started
up in the bed, drew the side curtain, and saw that the door _was_
opening, and admitting light from outside. It is close, you know, to
the head of the bed. A hand was holding on the edge of the door and
pushing it open; not a bit like yours; a very singular hand. Let me
look at yours."

He extended it for my inspection.

"Oh no; there's nothing wrong with your hand. This was differently
shaped; fatter; and the middle finger was stunted, and shorter than
the rest, looking as if it had once been broken, and the nail was
crooked like a claw. I called out 'Who's there?' and the light and the
hand were withdrawn, and I saw and heard no more of my visitor."

"So sure as you're a living man, that was him!" exclaimed Tom
Wyndsour, his very nose growing pale, and his eyes almost starting out
of his head.

"Who?" I asked.

"Old Squire Bowes; 'twas _his_ hand you saw; the Lord a' mercy on us!"
answered Tom. "The broken finger, and the nail bent like a hoop. Well
for you, sir, he didn't come back when you called, that time. You came
here about them Miss Dymock's business, and he never meant they should
have a foot o' ground in Barwyke; and he was making a will to give it
away quite different, when death took him short. He never was uncivil
to no one; but he couldn't abide them ladies. My mind misgave me when
I heard 'twas about their business you were coming; and now you see
how it is; he'll be at his old tricks again!"

With some pressure and a little more punch, I induced Tom Wyndsour to
explain his mysterious allusions by recounting the occurrences which
followed the old Squire's death.

"Squire Bowes of Barwyke died without making a will, as you know,"
said Tom. "And all the folk round were sorry; that is to say, sir, as
sorry as folk will be for an old man that has seen a long tale of
years, and has no right to grumble that death has knocked an hour too
soon at his door. The Squire was well liked; he was never in a
passion, or said a hard word; and he would not hurt a fly; and that
made what happened after his decease the more surprising.

"The first thing these ladies did, when they got the property was to
buy stock for the park.

"It was not wise, in any case, to graze the land on their own account.
But they little knew all they had to contend with.

"Before long something went wrong with the cattle; first one, and then
another, took sick and died, and so on, till the loss began to grow
heavy. Then, queer stories, little by little, began to be told. It was
said, first by one, then by another, that Squire Bowes was seen, about
evening time, walking, just as he used to do when he was alive, among
the old trees, leaning on his stick; and, sometimes when he came up
with the cattle, he would stop and lay his hand kindly like on the
back of one of them; and that one was sure to fall sick next day, and
die soon after.

"No one ever met him in the park, or in the woods, or ever saw him,
except a good distance off. But they knew his gait and his figure
well, and the clothes he used to wear; and they could tell the beast
he laid his hand on by its colour--white, dun, or black; and that
beast was sure to sicken and die. The neighbours grew shy of taking
the path over the park; and no one liked to walk in the woods, or come
inside the bounds of Barwyke; and the cattle went on sickening and
dying as before.

"At that time there was one Thomas Pyke; he had been a groom to the
old Squire; and he was in care of the place, and was the only one that
used to sleep in the house.

"Tom was vexed, hearing these stories; which he did not believe the
half on 'em; and more especial as he could not get man or boy to herd
the cattle; all being afeared. So he wrote to Matlock in Derbyshire,
for his brother, Richard Pyke, a clever lad, and one that knew nout o'
the story of the old Squire walking.

"Dick came; and the cattle was better; folk said they could still see
the old Squire, sometimes, walking, as before, in openings of the
wood, with his stick in his hand; but he was shy of coming nigh the
cattle, whatever his reason might be, since Dickon Pyke came; and he
used to stand a long bit off, looking at them, with no more stir in
him than a trunk o' one of the old trees, for an hour at a time, till
the shape melted away, little by little, like the smoke of a fire that
burns out.

"Tom Pyke and his brother Dickon, being the only living souls in the
house, lay in the big bed in the servants' room, the house being fast
barred and locked, one night in November.

"Tom was lying next the wall, and he told me, as wide awake as ever he
was at noonday. His brother Dickon lay outside, and was sound asleep.

"Well, as Tom lay thinking, with his eyes turned toward the door, it
opens slowly, and who should come in but old Squire Bowes, his face
lookin' as dead as he was in his coffin.

"Tom's very breath left his body; he could not take his eyes off him;
and he felt the hair rising up on his head.

"The Squire came to the side of the bed, and put his arms under
Dickon, and lifted the boy--in a dead sleep all the time--and carried
him out so, at the door.

"Such was the appearance, to Tom Pyke's eyes, and he was ready to
swear to it, anywhere.

"When this happened, the light, wherever it came from, all on a sudden
went out, and Tom could not see his own hand before him.

"More dead than alive, he lay till daylight.

"Sure enough his brother Dickon was gone. No sign of him could he
discover about the house; and with some trouble he got a couple of the
neighbours to help him to search the woods and grounds. Not a sign of
him anywhere.

"At last one of them thought of the island in the lake; the little
boat was moored to the old post at the water's edge. In they got,
though with small hope of finding him there. Find him, nevertheless,
they did, sitting under the big ash tree, quite out of his wits; and
to all their questions he answered nothing but one cry--'Bowes, the
devil! See him; see him; Bowes, the devil!' An idiot they found him;
and so he will be till God sets all things right. No one could ever
get him to sleep under roof-tree more. He wanders from house to house
while daylight lasts; and no one cares to lock the harmless creature
in the workhouse. And folk would rather not meet him after nightfall,
for they think where he is there may be worse things near."

A silence followed Tom's story. He and I were alone in that large
room; I was sitting near the open window, looking into the dark night
air. I fancied I saw something white move across it; and I heard a
sound like low talking that swelled into a discordant
shriek--"Hoo-oo-oo! Bowes, the devil! Over your shoulder. Hoo-oo-oo!
ha! ha! ha!" I started up, and saw, by the light of the candle with
which Tom strode to the window, the wild eyes and blighted face of the
idiot, as, with a sudden change of mood, he drew off, whispering and
tittering to himself, and holding up his long fingers, and looking at
the tips like a "hand of glory."

Tom pulled down the window. The story and its epilogue were over. I
confess I was rather glad when I heard the sound of the horses' hoofs
on the courtyard, a few minutes later; and still gladder when, having
bidden Tom a kind farewell, I had left the neglected house of Barwyke
a mile behind me.


     Anonymous in _All the Year Round_ (1869-70). Readers of
     "Carmilla" in _In a Glass Darkly_ will recognize the
     negro woman in the coach.

Eastward of the old city of Limerick, about ten Irish miles under the
range of mountains known as the Slieveelim hills, famous as having
afforded Sarsfield a shelter among their rocks and hollows, when he
crossed them in his gallant descent upon the cannon and ammunition of
King William, on its way to the beleaguering army, there runs a very
old and narrow road. It connects the Limerick road to Tipperary with
the old road from Limerick to Dublin, and runs by bog and pasture,
hill and hollow, straw-thatched village, and roofless castle, not far
from twenty miles.

Skirting the heathy mountains of which I have spoken, at one part it
becomes singularly lonely. For more than three Irish miles it
traverses a deserted country. A wide, black bog, level as a lake,
skirted with copse, spreads at the left, as you journey northward, and
the long and irregular line of mountain rises at the right, clothed in
heath, broken with lines of grey rock that resemble the bold and
irregular outlines of fortifications, and riven with many a gully,
expanding here and there into rocky and wooded glens, which open as
they approach the road.

A scanty pasturage, on which browsed a few scattered sheep or kine,
skirts this solitary road for some miles, and under shelter of a
hillock, and of two or three great ash-trees, stood, not many years
ago, the little thatched cabin of a widow named Mary Ryan.

Poor was this widow in a land of poverty. The thatch had acquired the
grey tint and sunken outlines, that show how the alternations of rain
and sun have told upon that perishable shelter.

But whatever other dangers threatened, there was one well provided
against by the care of other times. Round the cabin stood half a dozen
mountain ashes, as the rowans, inimical to witches, are there called.
On the worn planks of the door were nailed two horse-shoes, and over
the lintel and spreading along the thatch, grew, luxuriant, patches of
that ancient cure for many maladies, and prophylactic against the
machinations of the evil one, the house-leek. Descending into the
doorway, in the _chiaroscuro_ of the interior, when your eye grew
sufficiently accustomed to that dim light, you might discover, hanging
at the head of the widow's wooden-roofed bed, her beads and a phial of
holy water.

Here certainly were defences and bulwarks against the intrusion of
that unearthly and evil power, of whose vicinity this solitary family
were constantly reminded by the outline of Lisnavoura, that lonely
hill-haunt of the "Good people," as the fairies are called
euphemistically, whose strangely dome-like summit rose not half a mile
away, looking like an outwork of the long line of mountain that sweeps
by it.

It was at the fall of the leaf, and an autumnal sunset threw the
lengthening shadow of haunted Lisnavoura, close in front of the
solitary little cabin, over the undulating slopes and sides of
Slieveelim. The birds were singing among the branches in the thinning
leaves of the melancholy ash-trees that grew at the roadside in front
of the door. The widow's three younger children were playing on the
road, and their voices mingled with the evening song of the birds.
Their elder sister, Nell, was "within in the house," as their phrase
is, seeing after the boiling of the potatoes for supper.

Their mother had gone down to the bog, to carry up a hamper of turf on
her back. It is, or was at least, a charitable custom--and if not
disused, long may it continue--for the wealthier people when cutting
their turf and stacking it in the bog, to make a smaller stack for the
behoof of the poor, who were welcome to take from it so long as it
lasted, and thus the potato pot was kept boiling, and the hearth warm
that would have been cold enough but for that good-natured bounty,
through wintry months.

Moll Ryan trudged up the steep "bohereen" whose banks were overgrown
with thorn and brambles, and stooping under her burden, re-entered her
door, where her dark-haired daughter Nell met her with a welcome, and
relieved her of her hamper.

Moll Ryan looked round with a sigh of relief, and drying her forehead,
uttered the Munster ejaculation:

"Eiah, wisha! It's tired I am with it, God bless it. And where's the
craythurs, Nell?"

"Playin' out on the road, mother; didn't ye see them and you comin'

"No; there was no one before me on the road," she said, uneasily; "not
a soul, Nell; and why didn't ye keep an eye on them?"

"Well, they're in the haggard, playin' there, or round by the back o'
the house. Will I call them in?"

"Do so, good girl, in the name o' God. The hens is comin' home, see,
and the sun was just down over Knockdoulah, an' I comin' up."

So out ran tall, dark-haired Nell, and standing on the road, looked up
and down it; but not a sign of her two little brothers, Con and Bill,
or her little sister, Peg, could she see. She called them; but no
answer came from the little haggard, fenced with straggling bushes.
She listened, but the sound of their voices was missing. Over the
stile, and behind the house she ran--but there all was silent and

She looked down toward the bog, as far as she could see; but they did
not appear. Again she listened--but in vain. At first she had felt
angry, but now a different feeling overcame her, and she grew pale.
With an undefined boding she looked toward the heathy boss of
Lisnavoura, now darkening into the deepest purple against the flaming
sky of sunset.

Again she listened with a sinking heart, and heard nothing but the
farewell twitter and whistle of the birds in the bushes around. How
many stories had she listened to by the winter hearth, of children
stolen by the fairies, at nightfall, in lonely places! With this fear
she knew her mother was haunted.

No one in the country round gathered her little flock about her so
early as this frightened widow, and no door "in the seven parishes"
was barred so early.

Sufficiently fearful, as all young people in that part of the world
are of such dreaded and subtle agents, Nell was even more than usually
afraid of them, for her terrors were infected and redoubled by her
mother's. She was looking towards Lisnavoura in a trance of fear, and
crossed herself again and again, and whispered prayer after prayer.
She was interrupted by her mother's voice on the road calling her
loudly. She answered, and ran round to the front of the cabin, where
she found her standing.

"And where in the world's the craythurs--did ye see sight o' them
anywhere?" cried Mrs. Ryan, as the girl came over the stile.

"Arrah! mother, 'tis only what they're run down the road a bit. We'll
see them this minute coming back. It's like goats they are, climbin'
here and runnin' there; an' if I had them here, in my hand, maybe I
wouldn't give them a hiding all round."

"May the Lord forgive you, Nell! the childhers gone. They're took, and
not a soul near us, and Father Tom three miles away! And what'll I do,
or who's to help us this night? Oh, wirristhru, wirristhru! The
craythurs is gone!"

"Whisht, mother, be aisy; don't ye see them comin' up."

And then she shouted in menacing accents, waving her arm, and
beckoning the children, who were seen approaching on the road, which
some little way off made a slight dip, which had concealed them. They
were approaching from the westward, and from the direction of the
dreaded hill of Lisnavoura.

But there were only two of the children, and one of them, the little
girl, was crying. Their mother and sister hurried forward to meet
them, more alarmed than ever.

"Where is Billy--where is he?" cried the mother, nearly breathless, so
soon as she was within hearing.

"He's gone--they took him away; but they said he'll come back again,"
answered little Con, with the dark brown hair.

"He's gone away with the grand ladies," blubbered the little girl.

"What ladies--where? Oh, Leum, asthora! My darlin', are you gone away
at last? Where is he? Who took him? What ladies are you talkin' about?
What way did he go?" she cried in distraction.

"I couldn't see where he went, mother; 'twas like as if he was going
to Lisnavoura."

With a wild exclamation the distracted woman ran on towards the hill
alone, clapping her hands, and crying aloud the name of her lost

Scared and horrified, Nell, not daring to follow, gazed after her, and
burst into tears; and the other children raised high their
lamentations in shrill rivalry.

Twilight was deepening. It was long past the time when they were
usually barred securely within their habitation. Nell led the younger
children into the cabin, and made them sit down by the turf fire,
while she stood in the open door, watching in great fear for the
return of her mother.

After a long while they did see their mother return. She came in and
sat down by the fire, and cried as if her heart would break.

"Will I bar the doore, mother?" asked Nell.

"Ay, do--didn't I lose enough, this night, without lavin' the doore
open, for more o' yez to go; but first take an' sprinkle a dust o' the
holy waters over ye, acuishla, and bring it here till I throw a taste
iv it over myself and the craythurs; an' I wondher, Nell, you'd forget
to do the like yourself, lettin' the craythurs out so near nightfall.
Come here and sit on my knees, asthora, come to me, mavourneen, and
hould me fast, in the name o' God, and I'll hould you fast that none
can take yez from me, and tell me all about it, and what it was--the
Lord between us and harm--an' how it happened, and who was in it."

And the door being barred, the two children, sometimes speaking
together, often interrupting one another, often interrupted by their
mother, managed to tell this strange story, which I had better relate
connectedly and in my own language.

The Widow Ryan's three children were playing, as I have said, upon the
narrow old road in front of her door. Little Bill or Leum, about five
years old, with golden hair and large blue eyes, was a very pretty
boy, with all the clear tints of healthy childhood, and that gaze of
earnest simplicity which belongs not to town children of the same age.
His little sister Peg, about a year elder, and his brother Con, a
little more than a year elder than she, made up the little group.

Under the great old ash-trees, whose last leaves were falling at their
feet, in the light of an October sunset, they were playing with the
hilarity and eagerness of rustic children, clamouring together, and
their faces were turned toward the west and storied hill of

Suddenly a startling voice with a screech called to them from behind,
ordering them to get out of the way, and turning, they saw a sight,
such as they never beheld before. It was a carriage drawn by four
horses that were pawing and snorting, in impatience, as if just pulled
up. The children were almost under their feet, and scrambled to the
side of the road next their own door.

This carriage and all its appointments were old-fashioned and
gorgeous, and presented to the children, who had never seen anything
finer than a turf car, and once, an old chaise that passed that way
from Killaloe, a spectacle perfectly dazzling.

Here was antique splendour. The harness and trappings were scarlet,
and blazing with gold. The horses were huge, and snow white, with
great manes, that as they tossed and shook them in the air, seemed to
stream and float sometimes longer and sometimes shorter, like so much
smoke their tails were long, and tied up in bows of broad scarlet and
gold ribbon. The coach itself was glowing with colours, gilded and
emblazoned. There were footmen in gay liveries, and three-cocked hats,
like the coachman's; but he had a great wig, like a judge's, and their
hair was frizzed out and powdered, and a long thick "pigtail," with a
bow to it, hung down the back of each.

All these servants were diminutive, and ludicrously out of proportion
with the enormous horses of the equipage, and had sharp, sallow
features, and small, restless fiery eyes, and faces of cunning and
malice that chilled the children. The little coachman was scowling and
showing his white fangs under his cocked hat, and his little blazing
beads of eyes were quivering with fury in their sockets as he whirled
his whip round and round over their heads, till the lash of it looked
like a streak of fire in the evening sun, and sounded like the cry of
a legion of "fillapoueeks" in the air.

"Stop the princess on the highway!" cried the coachman, in a piercing

"Stop the princess on the highway!" piped each footman in turn,
scowling over his shoulder down on the children, and grinding his keen

The children were so frightened they could only gape and turn white in
their panic. But a very sweet voice from the open window of the
carriage reassured them, and arrested the attack of the lackeys.

A beautiful and "very grand-looking" lady was smiling from it on them,
and they all felt pleased in the strange light of that smile.

"The boy with the golden hair, I think," said the lady, bending her
large and wonderfully clear eyes on little Leum.

The upper sides of the carriage were chiefly of glass, so that the
children could see another woman inside, whom they did not like so

This was a black woman, with a wonderfully long neck, hung round with
many strings of large variously-coloured beads, and on her head was a
sort of turban of silk striped with all the colours of the rainbow,
and fixed in it was a golden star.

This black woman had a face as thin almost as a death's-head, with
high cheek-bones, and great goggle eyes, the whites of which, as well
as her wide range of teeth, showed in brilliant contrast with her
skin, as she looked over the beautiful lady's shoulder, and whispered
something in her ear.

"Yes; the boy with the golden hair, I think," repeated the lady.

And her voice sounded sweet as a silver bell in the children's ears,
and her smile beguiled them like the light of an enchanted lamp, as
she leaned from the window with a look of ineffable fondness on the
golden-haired boy, with the large blue eyes; insomuch that little
Billy, looking up, smiled in return with a wondering fondness, and
when she stooped down, and stretched her jewelled arms towards him, he
stretched his little hands up, and how they touched the other children
did not know; but, saying, "Come and give me a kiss, my darling," she
raised him, and he seemed to ascend in her small fingers as lightly as
a feather, and she held him in her lap and covered him with kisses.

Nothing daunted, the other children would have been only too happy to
change places with their favoured little brother. There was only one
thing that was unpleasant, and a little frightened them, and that was
the black woman, who stood and stretched forward, in the carriage as
before. She gathered a rich silk and gold handkerchief that was in her
fingers up to her lips, and seemed to thrust ever so much of it, fold
after fold, into her capacious mouth, as they thought to smother her
laughter, with which she seemed convulsed, for she was shaking and
quivering, as it seemed, with suppressed merriment; but her eyes,
which remained uncovered, looked angrier than they had ever seen eyes
look before.

But the lady was so beautiful they looked on her instead, and she
continued to caress and kiss the little boy on her knee; and smiling
at the other children she held up a large russet apple in her fingers,
and the carriage began to move slowly on, and with a nod inviting them
to take the fruit, she dropped it on the road from the window; it
rolled some way beside the wheels, they following, and then she
dropped another, and then another, and so on. And the same thing
happened to all; for just as either of the children who ran beside had
caught the rolling apple, somehow it slipt into a hole or ran into a
ditch, and looking up they saw the lady drop another from the window,
and so the chase was taken up and continued till they got, hardly
knowing how far they had gone, to the old cross-road that leads to
Owney. It seemed that there the horses' hoofs and carriage wheels
rolled up a wonderful dust, which being caught in one of those eddies
that whirl the dust up into a column, on the calmest day, enveloped
the children for a moment, and passed whirling on towards Lisnavoura,
the carriage, as they fancied, driving in the centre of it; but
suddenly it subsided, the straws and leaves floated to the ground, the
dust dissipated itself, but the white horses and the lackeys, the
gilded carriage, the lady and their little golden-haired brother were

At the same moment suddenly the upper rim of the clear setting sun
disappeared behind the hill of Knockdoulah, and it was twilight. Each
child felt the transition like a shock--and the sight of the rounded
summit of Lisnavoura, now closely overhanging them, struck them with a
new fear.

They screamed their brother's name after him, but their cries were
lost in the vacant air. At the same time they thought they heard a
hollow voice say, close to them, "Go home."

Looking round and seeing no one, they were scared, and hand in
hand--the little girl crying wildly, and the boy white as ashes, from
fear, they trotted homeward, at their best speed, to tell, as we have
seen, their strange story.

Molly Ryan never more saw her darling. But something of the lost
little boy was seen by his former play-mates.

Sometimes when their mother was away earning a trifle at hay-making,
and Nelly washing the potatoes for their dinner, or "beatling" clothes
in the little stream that flows in the hollow close by, they saw the
pretty face of little Billy peeping in archly at the door, and smiling
silently at them, and as they ran to embrace him, with cries of
delight, he drew back, still smiling archly, and when they got out
into the open day, he was gone, and they could see no trace of him

This happened often, with slight variations in the circumstances of
the visit. Sometimes he would peep for a longer time, sometimes for a
shorter time, sometimes his little hand would come in, and, with
bended finger, beckon them to follow; but always he was smiling with
the same arch look and wary silence--and always he was gone when they
reached the door. Gradually these visits grew less and less frequent,
and in about eight months they ceased altogether, and little Billy,
irretrievably lost, took rank in their memories with the dead.

One wintry morning, nearly a year and a half after his disappearance,
their mother having set out for Limerick soon after cock-crow, to sell
some fowls at the market, the little girl, lying by the side of her
elder sister, who was fast asleep, just at the grey of the morning
heard the latch lifted softly, and saw little Billy enter and close
the door gently after him. There was light enough to see that he was
barefoot and ragged, and looked pale and famished. He went straight to
the fire, and cowered over the turf embers, and rubbed his hands
slowly, and seemed to shiver as he gathered the smouldering turf

The little girl clutched her sister in terror and whispered, "Waken,
Nelly, waken; here's Billy come back!"

Nelly slept soundly on, but the little boy, whose hands were extended
close over the coals, turned and looked toward the bed, it seemed to
her, in fear, and she saw the glare of the embers reflected on his
thin cheek as he turned toward her. He rose and went, on tiptoe,
quickly to the door, in silence, and let himself out as softly as he
had come in.

After that, the little boy was never seen any more by any one of his

"Fairy doctors," as the dealers in the preternatural, who in such
cases were called in, are termed, did all that in them lay--but in
vain. Father Tom came down, and tried what holier rites could do, but
equally without result. So little Billy was dead to mother, brother,
and sisters; but no grave received him. Others whom affection
cherished, lay in holy ground, in the old churchyard of Abington, with
headstone to mark the spot over which the survivor might kneel and say
a kind prayer for the peace of the departed soul. But there was no
landmark to show where little Billy was hidden from their loving eyes,
unless it was in the old hill of Lisnavoura, that cast its long
shadow at sunset before the cabin-door; or that, white and filmy in
the moonlight, in later years, would occupy his brother's gaze as he
returned from fair or market, and draw from him a sigh and a prayer
for the little brother he had lost so long ago, and was never to see


     Anonymous in _All the Year Round_ (1869-70).

There is a famous story of a white cat, with which we all become
acquainted in the nursery. I am going to tell a story of a white cat
very different from the amiable and enchanted princess who took that
disguise for a season. The white cat of which I speak was a more
sinister animal.

The traveller from Limerick toward Dublin, after passing the hills of
Killaloe upon the left, as Keeper Mountain rises high in view, finds
himself gradually hemmed in, up the right, by a range of lower hills.
An undulating plain that dips gradually to a lower level than that of
the road interposes, and some scattered hedgerows relieve its somewhat
wild and melancholy character.

One of the few human habitations that send up their films of
turf-smoke from that lonely plain, is the loosely-thatched,
earth-built dwelling of a "strong farmer," as the more prosperous of
the tenant-farming classes are termed in Munster. It stands in a clump
of trees near the edge of a wandering stream, about half-way between
the mountains and the Dublin road, and had been for generations
tenanted by people named Donovan.

In a distant place, desirous of studying some Irish records which had
fallen into my hands, and inquiring for a teacher capable of
instructing me in the Irish language, a Mr. Donovan, dreamy, harmless,
and learned, was recommended to me for the purpose.

I found that he had been educated as a Sizar in Trinity College,
Dublin. He now supported himself by teaching, and the special
direction of my studies, I suppose, flattered his national
partialities, for he unbosomed himself of much of his long-reserved
thoughts, and recollections about his country and his early days. It
was he who told me this story, and I mean to repeat it, as nearly as I
can, in his own words.

I have myself seen the old farm-house, with its orchard of huge
mossgrown apple trees. I have looked round on the peculiar landscape;
the roofless, ivied tower, that two hundred years before had afforded
a refuge from raid and rapparee, and which still occupies its old
place in the angle of the haggard; the bush-grown "liss," that
scarcely a hundred and fifty steps away records the labours of a
bygone race; the dark and towering outline of old Keeper in the
background; and the lonely range of furze and heath-clad hills that
form a nearer barrier, with many a line of grey rock and clump of
dwarf oak or birch. The pervading sense of loneliness made it a scene
not unsuited for a wild and unearthly story. And I could quite fancy
how, seen in the grey of a wintry morning, shrouded far and wide in
snow, or in the melancholy glory of an autumnal sunset, or in the
chill splendour of a moonlight night, it might have helped to tone a
dreamy mind like honest Dan Donovan's to superstition and a proneness
to the illusions of fancy. It is certain, however, that I never
anywhere met with a more simple-minded creature, or one on whose good
faith I could more entirely rely.

When I was a boy, said he, living at home at Drumgunniol, I used to
take my Goldsmith's _Roman History_ in my hand and go down to my
favourite seat, the flat stone, sheltered by a hawthorn tree beside
the little lough, a large and deep pool, such as I have heard called a
tarn in England. It lay in the gentle hollow of a field that is
overhung toward the north by the old orchard, and being a deserted
place was favourable to my studious quietude.

One day reading here, as usual, I wearied at last, and began to look
about me, thinking of the heroic scenes I had just been reading of. I
was as wide awake as I am at this moment, and I saw a woman appear at
the corner of the orchard and walk down the slope. She wore a long,
light grey dress, so long that it seemed to sweep the grass behind
her, and so singular was her appearance in a part of the world where
female attire is so inflexibly fixed by custom, that I could not take
my eyes off her. Her course lay diagonally from corner to corner of
the field, which was a large one, and she pursued it without swerving.

When she came near I could see that her feet were bare, and that she
seemed to be looking steadfastly upon some remote object for guidance.
Her route would have crossed me--had the tarn not interposed--about
ten or twelve yards below the point at which I was sitting. But
instead of arresting her course at the margin of the lough, as I had
expected, she went on without seeming conscious of its existence, and
I saw her, as plainly as I see you, sir, walk across the surface of
the water, and pass, without seeming to see me, at about the distance
I had calculated.

I was ready to faint from sheer terror. I was only thirteen years old
then, and I remember every particular as if it had happened this hour.

The figure passed through the gap at the far corner of the field, and
there I lost sight of it. I had hardly strength to walk home, and was
so nervous, and ultimately so ill, that for three weeks I was confined
to the house, and could not bear to be alone for a moment. I never
entered that field again, such was the horror with which from that
moment every object in it was clothed. Even at this distance of time I
should not like to pass through it.

This apparition I connected with a mysterious event; and, also, with a
singular liability, that has for nearly eight years distinguished, or
rather afflicted, our family. It is no fancy. Everybody in that part
of the country knows all about it. Everybody connected what I had seen
with it.

I will tell it all to you as well as I can.

When I was about fourteen years old--that is about a year after the
sight I had seen in the lough field--we were one night expecting my
father home from the fair of Killaloe. My mother sat up to welcome him
home, and I with her, for I liked nothing better than such a vigil. My
brothers and sisters, and the farm servants, except the men who were
driving home the cattle from the fair, were asleep in their beds. My
mother and I were sitting in the chimney corner chatting together, and
watching my father's supper, which was kept hot over the fire. We knew
that he would return before the men who were driving home the cattle,
for he was riding, and told us that he would only wait to see them
fairly on the road, and then push homeward.

At length we heard his voice and the knocking of his loaded whip at
the door, and my mother let him in. I don't think I ever saw my father
drunk, which is more than most men of my age, from the same part of
the country, could say of theirs. But he could drink his glass of
whisky as well as another, and he usually came home from fair or
market a little merry and mellow, and with a jolly flush in his

To-night he looked sunken, pale and sad. He entered with the saddle
and bridle in his hand, and he dropped them against the wall, near
the door, and put his arms round his wife's neck, and kissed her

"Welcome home, Meehal," said she, kissing him heartily.

"God bless you, mavourneen," he answered.

And hugging her again, he turned to me, who was plucking him by the
hand, jealous of his notice. I was little, and light of my age, and he
lifted me up in his arms, and kissed me, and my arms being about his
neck, he said to my mother:

"Draw the bolt, acuishla."

She did so, and setting me down very dejectedly, he walked to the fire
and sat down on a stool, and stretched his feet toward the glowing
turf, leaning with his hands on his knees.

"Rouse up, Mick, darlin'," said my mother, who was growing anxious,
"and tell me how did the cattle sell, and did everything go lucky at
the fair, or is there anything wrong with the landlord, or what in the
world is it that ails you, Mick, jewel?"

"Nothin', Molly. The cows sould well, thank God, and there's nothin'
fell out between me an' the landlord, an' everything's the same way.
There's no fault to find anywhere."

"Well, then, Mickey, since so it is, turn round to your hot supper,
and ate it, and tell us is there anything new."

"I got my supper, Molly, on the way, and I can't ate a bit," he

"Got your supper on the way, an' you knowin' 'twas waiting for you at
home, an' your wife sittin' up an' all!" cried my mother,

"You're takin' a wrong meanin' out of what I say," said my father.
"There's something happened that leaves me that I can't ate a
mouthful, and I'll not be dark with you, Molly, for, maybe, it ain't
very long I have to be here, an' I'll tell you what it was. It's what
I've seen, the white cat."

"The Lord between us and harm!" exclaimed my mother, in a moment as
pale and as chap-fallen as my father; and then, trying to rally, with
a laugh, she said: "Ha! 'tis only funnin' me you are. Sure a white
rabbit was snared a Sunday last, in Grady's wood; an' Teigue seen a
big white rat in the haggard yesterday."

"'Twas neither rat nor rabbit was in it. Don't ye think but I'd know a
rat or a rabbit from a big white cat, with green eyes as big as
halfpennies, and its back riz up like a bridge, trottin' on and across
me, and ready, if I dar' stop, to rub its sides against my shins, and
maybe to make a jump and seize my throat, if that it's a cat, at all,
an' not something worse?"

As he ended his description in a low tone, looking straight at the
fire, my father drew his big hand across his forehead once or twice,
his face being damp and shining with the moisture of fear, and he
sighed, or rather groaned, heavily.

My mother had relapsed into panic, and was praying again in her fear.
I, too, was terribly frightened, and on the point of crying, for I
knew all about the white cat.

Clapping my father on the shoulder, by way of encouragement, my mother
leaned over him, kissing him, and at last began to cry. He was
wringing her hands in his, and seemed in great trouble.

"There was nothin' came into the house with me?" he asked, in a very
low tone, turning to me.

"There was nothin', father," I said, "but the saddle and bridle that
was in your hand."

"Nothin' white kem in at the doore wid me," he repeated.

"Nothin' at all," I answered.

"So best," said my father, and making the sign of the cross, he began
mumbling to himself, and I knew he was saying his prayers.

Waiting for a while, to give him time for this exercise, my mother
asked him where he first saw it.

"When I was riding up the bohereen,"--the Irish term meaning a little
road, such as leads up to a farm-house--"I bethought myself that the
men was on the road with the cattle, and no one to look to the horse
barrin' myself, so I thought I might as well leave him in the crooked
field below, an' I tuck him there, he bein' cool, and not a hair
turned, for I rode him aisy all the way. It was when I turned, after
lettin' him go--the saddle and bridle bein' in my hand--that I saw it,
pushin' out o' the long grass at the side o' the path, an' it walked
across it, in front of me, an' then back again, before me, the same
way, an' sometimes at one side, an' then at the other, lookin' at me
wid them shinin' eyes; and I consayted I heard it growlin' as it kep'
beside me--as close as ever you see--till I kem up to the doore, here,
an' knocked an' called, as ye heerd me."

Now, what was it, in so simple an incident, that agitated my father,
my mother, myself, and finally, every member of this rustic household,
with a terrible foreboding? It was this that we, one and all, believed
that my father had received, in thus encountering the white cat, a
warning of his approaching death.

The omen had never failed hitherto. It did not fail now. In a week
after my father took the fever that was going, and before a month he
was dead.

My honest friend, Dan Donovan, paused here; I could perceive that he
was praying, for his lips were busy, and I concluded that it was for
the repose of that departed soul.

In a little while he resumed.

It is eighty years now since that omen first attached to my family.
Eighty years? Ay, is it. Ninety is nearer the mark. And I have spoken
to many old people, in those earlier times, who had a distinct
recollection of everything connected with it.

It happened in this way.

My grand-uncle, Connor Donovan, had the old farm of Drumgunniol in his
day. He was richer than ever my father was, or my father's father
either, for he took a short lease of Balraghan, and made money of it.
But money won't soften a hard heart, and I'm afraid my grand-uncle was
a cruel man--a profligate man he was, surely, and that is mostly a
cruel man at heart. He drank his share, too, and cursed and swore,
when he was vexed, more than was good for his soul, I'm afraid.

At that time there was a beautiful girl of the Colemans, up in the
mountains, not far from Capper Cullen. I'm told that there are no
Colemans there now at all, and that family has passed away. The famine
years made great changes.

Ellen Coleman was her name. The Colemans were not rich. But, being
such a beauty, she might have made a good match. Worse than she did
for herself, poor thing, she could not.

Con Donovan--my grand-uncle, God forgive him!--sometimes in his
rambles saw her at fairs or patterns, and he fell in love with her, as
who might not?

He used her ill. He promised her marriage, and persuaded her to come
away with him; and, after all, he broke his word. It was just the old
story. He tired of her, and he wanted to push himself in the world;
and he married a girl of the Collopys, that had a great
fortune--twenty-four cows, seventy sheep, and a hundred and twenty

He married this Mary Collopy, and grew richer than before; and Ellen
Coleman died broken-hearted. But that did not trouble the strong
farmer much.

He would have liked to have children, but he had none, and this was
the only cross he had to bear, for everything else went much as he

One night he was returning from the fair of Nenagh. A shallow stream
at that time crossed the road--they have thrown a bridge over it, I am
told, some time since--and its channel was often dry in summer
weather. When it was so, as it passes close by the old farm-house of
Drumgunniol, without a great deal of winding, it makes a sort of road,
which people then used as a short cut to reach the house by. Into this
dry channel, as there was plenty of light from the moon, my
grand-uncle turned his horse, and when he had reached the two
ash-trees at the meering of the farm he turned his horse short into
the river-field, intending to ride through the gap at the other end,
under the oak-tree, and so he would have been within a few hundred
yards of his door.

As he approached the "gap" he saw, or thought he saw, with a slow
motion, gliding along the ground toward the same point, and now and
then with a soft bound, a white object, which he described as being no
bigger than his hat, but what it was he could not see, as it moved
along the hedge and disappeared at the point to which he was himself

When he reached the gap the horse stopped short. He urged and coaxed
it in vain. He got down to lead it through, but it recoiled, snorted,
and fell into a wild trembling fit. He mounted it again. But its
terror continued, and it obstinately resisted his caresses and his
whip. It was bright moonlight, and my grand-uncle was chafed by the
horse's resistance, and, seeing nothing to account for it, and being
so near home, what little patience he possessed forsook him, and,
plying his whip and spur in earnest, he broke into oaths and curses.

All on a sudden the horse sprang through, and Con Donovan, as he
passed under the broad branch of the oak, saw clearly a woman standing
on the bank beside him, her arm extended, with the hand of which, as
he flew by, she struck him a blow upon the shoulders. It threw him
forward upon the neck of the horse, which, in wild terror, reached the
door at a gallop, and stood there quivering and steaming all over.

Less alive than dead, my grand-uncle got in. He told his story, at
least, so much as he chose. His wife did not quite know what to think.
But that something very bad had happened she could not doubt. He was
very faint and ill, and begged that the priest should be sent for
forthwith. When they were getting him to his bed they saw distinctly
the marks of five fingerpoints on the flesh of his shoulder, where the
spectral blow had fallen. These singular marks--which they said
resembled in tint the hue of a body struck by lightning--remained
imprinted on his flesh, and were buried with him.

When he had recovered sufficiently to talk with the people about
him--speaking, like a man at his last hour, from a burdened heart, and
troubled conscience--he repeated his story, but said he did not see,
or, at all events, know, the face of the figure that stood in the gap.
No one believed him. He told more about it to the priest than to
others. He certainly had a secret to tell. He might as well have
divulged it frankly, for the neighbours all knew well enough that it
was the face of dead Ellen Coleman that he had seen.

From that moment my grand-uncle never raised his head. He was a
scared, silent, broken-spirited man. It was early summer then, and at
the fall of the leaf in the same year he died.

Of course there was a wake, such as beseemed a strong farmer so rich
as he. For some reason the arrangements of this ceremonial were a
little different from the usual routine.

The usual practice is to place the body in the great room, or kitchen,
as it is called, of the house. In this particular case there was, as I
told you, for some reason, an unusual arrangement. The body was placed
in a small room that opened upon the greater one. The door of this,
during the wake, stood open. There were candles about the bed, and
pipes and tobacco on the table, and stools for such guests as chose to
enter, the door standing open for their reception.

The body, having been laid out, was left alone, in this smaller room,
during the preparations for the wake. After nightfall one of the
women, approaching the bed to get a chair which she had left near it,
rushed from the room with a scream, and, having recovered her speech
at the further end of the "kitchen," and surrounded by a gaping
audience, she said, at last:

"_May_ I never sin, if his face bain't riz up again the back o' the
bed, and he starin' down to the doore, wid eyes as big as pewter
plates, that id be shinin' in the moon!"

"Arra, woman! Is it cracked you are?" said one of the farm boys as
they are termed, being men of any age you please.

"Agh, Molly, don't be talkin', woman! 'Tis what ye consayted it, goin'
into the dark room, out o' the light. Why didn't ye take a candle in
your fingers, ye aumadhaun?" said one of her female companions.

"Candle, or no candle; I seen it," insisted Molly. "An' what's more,
I could a'most tak' my oath I seen his arum, too, stretchin' out o'
the bed along the flure, three times as long as it should be, to take
hould o' me be the fut."

"Nansinse, ye fool, what id he want o' yer fut?" exclaimed one

"Gi' me the candle, some o' yez--in the name o' God," said old Sal
Doolan, that was straight and lean, and a woman that could pray like a
priest almost.

"Give her a candle," agreed all.

But whatever they might say, there wasn't one among them that did not
look pale and stern enough as they followed Mrs. Doolan, who was
praying as fast as her lips could patter, and leading the van with a
tallow candle, held like a taper, in her fingers.

The door was half open, as the panic-stricken girl had left it; and
holding the candle on high the better to examine the room, she made a
step or so into it.

If my grand-uncle's hand had been stretched along the floor, in the
unnatural way described, he had drawn it back again under the sheet
that covered him. And tall Mrs. Doolan was in no danger of tripping
over his arm as she entered. But she had not gone more than a step or
two with her candle aloft, when, with a drowning face, she suddenly
stopped short, staring at the bed which was now fully in view.

"Lord, bless us, Mrs. Doolan, ma'am, come back," said the woman next
her, who had fast hold of her dress, or her 'coat,' as they call it,
and drawing her backwards with a frightened pluck, while a general
recoil among her followers betokened the alarm which her hesitation
had inspired.

"Whisht, will yez?" said the leader, peremptorily, "I can't hear my
own ears wid the noise ye're makin', an' which iv yez let the cat in
here, an' whose cat is it?" she asked, peering suspiciously at a white
cat that was sitting on the breast of the corpse.

"Put it away, will yez?" she resumed, with horror at the profanation.
"Many a corpse as I sthretched and crossed in the bed, the likes o'
that I never seen yet. The man o' the house, wid a brute baste like
that mounted on him, like a phooka, Lord forgi' me for namin' the like
in this room. Dhrive it away, some o' yez! out o' that, this minute, I
tell ye."

Each repeated the order, but no one seemed inclined to execute it.
They were crossing themselves, and whispering their conjectures and
misgivings as to the nature of the beast, which was no cat of that
house, nor one that they had ever seen before. On a sudden, the white
cat placed itself on the pillow over the head of the body, and having
from that place glared for a time at them over the features of the
corpse, it crept softly along the body towards them, growling low and
fiercely as it drew near.

Out of the room they bounced, in dreadful confusion, shutting the door
fast after them, and not for a good while did the hardiest venture to
peep in again.

The white cat was sitting in its old place, on the dead man's breast,
but this time it crept quietly down the side of the bed, and
disappeared under it, the sheet which was spread like a coverlet, and
hung down nearly to the floor, concealing it from view.

Praying, crossing themselves, and not forgetting a sprinkling of holy
water, they peeped, and finally searched, poking spades, "wattles,"
pitchforks and such implements under the bed. But the cat was not to
be found, and they concluded that it had made its escape among their
feet as they stood near the threshold. So they secured the door
carefully, with hasp and padlock. But when the door was opened next
morning they found the white cat sitting, as if it had never been
disturbed, upon the breast of the dead man.

Again occurred very nearly the same scene with a like result, only
that some said they saw the cat afterwards lurking under a big box in
a corner of the outer-room, where my grand-uncle kept his leases and
papers, and his prayer-book and beads.

Mrs. Doolan heard it growling at her heels wherever she went; and
although she could not see it, she could hear it spring on the back of
her chair when she sat down, and growl in her ear, so that she would
bounce up with a scream and a prayer, fancying that it was on the
point of taking her by the throat.

And the priest's boy, looking round the corner, under the branches of
the old orchard, saw a white cat sitting under the little window of
the room where my grand-uncle was laid out and looking up at the four
small panes of glass as a cat will watch a bird.

The end of it was that the cat was found on the corpse again, when the
room was visited, and do what they might, whenever the body was left
alone, the cat was found again in the same ill-omened contiguity with
the dead man. And this continued, to the scandal and fear of the
neighbourhood, until the door was opened finally for the wake.

My grand-uncle being dead, and, with all due solemnities, buried, I
have done with him. But not quite yet with the white cat. No banshee
ever yet was more inalienably attached to a family than this ominous
apparition is to mine. But there is this difference. The banshee seems
to be animated with an affectionate sympathy with the bereaved family
to whom it is hereditarily attached, whereas this thing has about it a
suspicion of malice. It is the messenger simply of death. And its
taking the shape of a cat--the coldest, and they say, the most
vindictive of brutes--is indicative of the spirit of its visit.

When my grandfather's death was near, although he seemed quite well at
the time, it appeared not exactly, but very nearly in the same way in
which I told you it showed itself to my father.

The day before my Uncle Teigue was killed by the bursting of his gun,
it appeared to him in the evening, at twilight, by the lough, in the
field where I saw the woman who walked across the water, as I told
you. My uncle was washing the barrel of his gun in the lough. The
grass is short there, and there is no cover near it. He did not know
how it approached; but the first he saw of it, the white cat was
walking close round his feet, in the twilight, with an angry twist of
its tail, and a green glare in its eyes, and do what he would, it
continued walking round and round him, in larger or smaller circles,
till he reached the orchard, and there he lost it.

My poor Aunt Peg--she married one of the O'Brians, near Oolah--came to
Drumgunniol to go to the funeral of a cousin who died about a mile
away. She died herself, poor woman, only a month after.

Coming from the wake, at two or three o'clock in the morning, as she
got over the style into the farm of Drumgunniol, she saw the white cat
at her side, and it kept close beside her, she ready to faint all the
time, till she reached the door of the house, where it made a spring
up into the white-thorn tree that grows close by, and so it parted
from her. And my little brother Jim saw it also, just three weeks
before he died. Every member of our family who dies, or takes his
death-sickness, at Drumgunniol, is sure to see the white cat, and no
one of us who sees it need hope for long life after.


     Anonymous in the _Dublin University Magazine_ (1853).
     It is an anticipation of "Mr. Justice Harbottle," who
     may be found in _In a Glass Darkly_.

It is not worth telling, this story of mine--at least, not worth
writing. Told, indeed, as I have sometimes been called upon to tell
it, to a circle of intelligent and eager faces, lighted up by a good
after-dinner fire on a winter's evening, with a cold wind rising and
wailing outside, and all snug and cosy within, it has gone off--though
I say it, who should not--indifferent well. But it is a venture to do
as you would have me. Pen, ink, and paper are cold vehicles for the
marvellous, and a "reader" decidedly a more critical animal than a
"listener". If, however, you can induce your friends to read it after
nightfall, and when the fireside talk has run for a while on thrilling
tales of shapeless terror; in short, if you will secure me the _mollia
tempora fandi_, I will go to my work, and say my say, with better
heart. Well, then, these conditions presupposed, I shall waste no more
words, but tell you simply how it all happened.

My cousin (Tom Ludlow) and I studied medicine together. I think he
would have succeeded, had he stuck to the profession; but he
preferred the Church, poor fellow, and died early, a sacrifice to
contagion, contracted in the noble discharge of his duties. For my
present purpose, I say enough of his character when I mention that he
was of a sedate but frank and cheerful nature; very exact in his
observance of truth, and not by any means like myself--of an excitable
or nervous temperament.

My Uncle Ludlow--Tom's father--while we were attending lectures,
purchased three or four old houses in Aungier Street, one of which was
unoccupied. _He_ resided in the country, and Tom proposed that we
should take up our abode in the untenanted house, so long as it should
continue unlet; a move which would accomplish the double end of
settling us nearer alike to our lecture-rooms and to our amusements,
and of relieving us from the weekly charge of rent for our lodgings.

Our furniture was very scant--our whole equipage remarkably modest and
primitive; and, in short, our arrangements pretty nearly as simple as
those of a bivouac. Our new plan was, therefore, executed almost as
soon as conceived. The front drawing-room was our sitting-room. I had
the bedroom over it, and Tom the back bedroom on the same floor, which
nothing could have induced me to occupy.

The house, to begin with, was a very old one. It had been, I believe,
newly fronted about fifty years before; but with this exception, it
had nothing modern about it. The agent who bought it and looked into
the titles for my uncle, told me that it was sold, along with much
other forfeited property, at Chichester House, I think, in 1702; and
had belonged to Sir Thomas Hacket, who was Lord Mayor of Dublin in
James II.'s time. How old it was _then_, I can't say; but, at all
events, it had seen years and changes enough to have contracted all
that mysterious and saddened air, at once exciting and depressing,
which belongs to most old mansions.

There had been very little done in the way of modernising details;
and, perhaps, it was better so; for there was something queer and
bygone in the very walls and ceilings--in the shape of doors and
windows--in the odd diagonal site of the chimney-pieces--in the beams
and ponderous cornices--not to mention the singular solidity of all
the woodwork, from the bannisters to the window-frames, which
hopelessly defied disguise, and would have emphatically proclaimed
their antiquity through any conceivable amount of modern finery and

An effort had, indeed, been made, to the extent of papering the
drawing-rooms; but somehow, the paper looked raw and out of keeping;
and the old woman, who kept a little dirt-pie of a shop in the lane,
and whose daughter--a girl of two and fifty--was our solitary
handmaid, coming in at sunrise, and chastely receding again as soon as
she had made all ready for tea in our state apartment;--this woman, I
say, remembered it, when old Judge Horrocks (who, having earned the
reputation of a particularly "hanging judge," ended by hanging
himself, as the coroner's jury found, under an impulse of "temporary
insanity," with a child's skipping-rope, over the massive old
bannisters) resided there, entertaining good company, with fine
venison and rare old port. In those halcyon days, the drawing-rooms
were hung with gilded leather, and, I dare say, cut a good figure, for
they were really spacious rooms.

The bedrooms were wainscoted, but the front one was not gloomy; and in
it the cosiness of antiquity quite overcame its sombre associations.
But the back bedroom, with its two queerly-placed melancholy windows,
staring vacantly at the foot of the bed, and with the shadowy recess
to be found in most old houses in Dublin, like a large ghostly closet,
which, from congeniality of temperament, had amalgamated with the
bed-chamber, and dissolved the partition. At night-time, this
"alcove"--as our "maid" was wont to call it--had, in my eyes, a
specially sinister and suggestive character. Tom's distant and
solitary candle glimmered vainly into its darkness. _There_ it was
always overlooking him--always itself impenetrable. But this was only
part of the effect. The whole room was, I can't tell how, repulsive to
me. There was, I suppose, in its proportions and features, a latent
discord--a certain mysterious and indescribable relation, which jarred
indistinctly upon some secret sense of the fitting and the safe, and
raised indefinable suspicions and apprehensions of the imagination. On
the whole, as I began by saying, nothing could have induced me to pass
a night alone in it.

I had never pretended to conceal from poor Tom my superstitious
weakness; and he, on the other hand, most unaffectedly ridiculed my
tremors. The sceptic was, however, destined to receive a lesson, as
you shall hear.

We had not been very long in occupation of our respective dormitories,
when I began to complain of uneasy nights and disturbed sleep. I was,
I suppose, the more impatient under this annoyance, as I was usually a
sound sleeper, and by no means prone to nightmares. It was now,
however, my destiny, instead of enjoying my customary repose, every
night to "sup full of horrors". After a preliminary course of
disagreeable and frightful dreams, my troubles took a definite form,
and the same vision, without an appreciable variation in a single
detail, visited me at least (on an average) every second night in the

Now, this dream, nightmare, or infernal illusion--which you please--of
which I was the miserable sport, was on this wise:--

I saw, or thought I saw, with the most abominable distinctness,
although at the time in profound darkness, every article of furniture
and accidental arrangement of the chamber in which I lay. This, as you
know, is incidental to ordinary nightmare. Well, while in this
clairvoyant condition, which seemed but the lighting up of the theatre
in which was to be exhibited the monotonous tableau of horror, which
made my nights insupportable, my attention invariably became, I know
not why, fixed upon the windows opposite the foot of my bed; and,
uniformly with the same effect, a sense of dreadful anticipation
always took slow but sure possession of me. I became somehow conscious
of a sort of horrid but undefined preparation going forward in some
unknown quarter, and by some unknown agency, for my torment; and,
after an interval, which always seemed to me of the same length, a
picture suddenly flew up to the window, where it remained fixed, as if
by an electrical attraction, and my discipline of horror then
commenced, to last perhaps for hours. The picture thus mysteriously
glued to the window-panes, was the portrait of an old man, in a
crimson flowered silk dressing-gown, the folds of which I could now
describe, with a countenance embodying a strange mixture of intellect,
sensuality, and power, but withal sinister and full of malignant omen.
His nose was hooked, like the beak of a vulture; his eyes large, grey,
and prominent, and lighted up with a more than mortal cruelty and
coldness. These features were surmounted by a crimson velvet cap, the
hair that peeped from under which was white with age, while the
eyebrows retained their original blackness. Well I remember every
line, hue, and shadow of that stony countenance, and well I may! The
gaze of this hellish visage was fixed upon me, and mine returned it
with the inexplicable fascination of nightmare, for what appeared to
me to be hours of agony. At last--

"The cock he crew, away then flew"

the fiend who had enslaved me through the awful watches of the night;
and, harassed and nervous, I rose to the duties of the day.

I had--I can't say exactly why, but it may have been from the
exquisite anguish and profound impressions of unearthly horror, with
which this strange phantasmagoria was associated--an insurmountable
antipathy to describing the exact nature of my nightly troubles to my
friend and comrade. Generally, however, I told him that I was haunted
by abominable dreams; and, true to the imputed materialism of
medicine, we put our heads together to dispel my horrors, not by
exorcism, but by a tonic.

I will do this tonic justice, and frankly admit that the accursed
portrait began to intermit its visits under its influence. What of
that? Was this singular apparition--as full of character as of
terror--therefore the creature of my fancy, or the invention of my
poor stomach? Was it, in short, _subjective_ (to borrow the technical
slang of the day) and not the palpable aggression and intrusion of an
external agent? That, good friend, as we will both admit, by no means
follows. The evil spirit, who enthralled my senses in the shape of
that portrait, may have been just as near me, just as energetic, just
as malignant, though I saw him not. What means the whole moral code of
revealed religion regarding the due keeping of our own bodies,
soberness, temperance, etc.? here is an obvious connexion between the
material and the invisible; the healthy tone of the system, and its
unimpaired energy may, for aught we can tell, guard us against
influences which would otherwise render life itself terrific. The
mesmerist and the electro-biologist will fail upon an average with
nine patients out of ten--so may the evil spirit. Special conditions
of the corporeal system are indispensable to the production of certain
spiritual phenomena. The operation succeeds sometimes--sometimes
fails--that is all.

I found afterwards that my would-be sceptical companion had his
troubles too. But of these I knew nothing yet. One night, for a
wonder, I was sleeping soundly, when I was roused by a step on the
lobby outside my room, followed by the loud clang of what turned out
to be a large brass candlestick, flung with all his force by poor Tom
Ludlow over the banisters, and rattling with a rebound down the second
flight of stairs; and almost concurrently with this, Tom burst open my
door, and bounced into my room backwards, in a state of extraordinary

I had jumped out of bed and clutched him by the arm before I had any
distinct idea of my own whereabouts. There we were--in our
shirts--standing before the open door--staring through the great old
banister opposite, at the lobby window, through which the sickly light
of a clouded moon was gleaming.

"What's the matter, Tom? What's the matter with you? What the devil's
the matter with you, Tom?" I demanded shaking him with nervous

He took a long breath before he answered me, and then it was not very

"It's nothing, nothing at all--did I speak?--what did I say?--where's
the candle, Richard? It's dark; I--I had a candle!"

"Yes, dark enough," I said; "but what's the matter?--what _is_
it?--why don't you speak, Tom?--have you lost your wits?--what is the

"The matter?--oh, it is all over. It must have been a dream--nothing
at all but a dream--don't you think so? It could not be anything more
than a dream."

"Of _course_," said I, feeling uncommonly nervous, "it _was_ a dream."

"I thought," he said, "there was a man in my room, and--and I jumped
out of bed; and--and--where's the candle?"

"In your room, most likely," I said, "shall I go and bring it?"

"No; stay here--don't go; it's no matter--don't, I tell you; it was
all a dream. Bolt the door, Dick; I'll stay here with you--I feel
nervous. So, Dick, like a good fellow, light your candle and open the
window--I am in a _shocking state_."

I did as he asked me, and robing himself like Granuaile in one of my
blankets, he seated himself close beside my bed.

Every body knows how contagious is fear of all sorts, but more
especially that particular kind of fear under which poor Tom was at
that moment labouring. I would not have heard, nor I believe would he
have recapitulated, just at that moment, for half the world, the
details of the hideous vision which had so unmanned him.

"Don't mind telling me anything about your nonsensical dream, Tom,"
said I, affecting contempt, really in a panic; "let us talk about
something else; but it is quite plain that this dirty old house
disagrees with us both, and hang me if I stay here any longer, to be
pestered with indigestion and--and--bad nights, so we may as well look
out for lodgings--don't you think so?--at once."

Tom agreed, and, after an interval, said—-

"I have been thinking, Richard, that it is a long time since I saw my
father, and I have made up my mind to go down to-morrow and return in
a day or two, and you can take rooms for us in the meantime."

I fancied that this resolution, obviously the result of the vision
which had so profoundly scared him, would probably vanish next morning
with the damps and shadows of night. But I was mistaken. Off went Tom
at peep of day to the country, having agreed that so soon as I had
secured suitable lodgings, I was to recall him by letter from his
visit to my Uncle Ludlow.

Now, anxious as I was to change my quarters, it so happened, owing to
a series of petty procrastinations and accidents, that nearly a week
elapsed before my bargain was made and my letter of recall on the wing
to Tom; and, in the meantime, a trifling adventure or two had occurred
to your humble servant, which, absurd as they now appear, diminished
by distance, did certainly at the time serve to whet my appetite for
change considerably.

A night or two after the departure of my comrade, I was sitting by my
bedroom fire, the door locked, and the ingredients of a tumbler of hot
whisky-punch upon the crazy spider-table; for, as the best mode of
keeping the

"Black spirits and white,
Blue spirits and grey,"

with which I was environed, at bay, I had adopted the practice
recommended by the wisdom of my ancestors, and "kept my spirits up by
pouring spirits down." I had thrown aside my volume of Anatomy, and
was treating myself by way of a tonic, preparatory to my punch and
bed, to half-a-dozen pages of the _Spectator_, when I heard a step on
the flight of stairs descending from the attics. It was two o'clock,
and the streets were as silent as a churchyard--the sounds were,
therefore, perfectly distinct. There was a slow, heavy tread,
characterised by the emphasis and deliberation of age, descending by
the narrow staircase from above; and, what made the sound more
singular, it was plain that the feet which produced it were perfectly
bare, measuring the descent with something between a pound and a flop,
very ugly to hear.

I knew quite well that my attendant had gone away many hours before,
and that nobody but myself had any business in the house. It was quite
plain also that the person who was coming down stairs had no intention
whatever of concealing his movements; but, on the contrary, appeared
disposed to make even more noise, and proceed more deliberately, than
was at all necessary. When the step reached the foot of the stairs
outside my room, it seemed to stop; and I expected every moment to see
my door open spontaneously, and give admission to the original of my
detested portrait. I was, however, relieved in a few seconds by
hearing the descent renewed, just in the same manner, upon the
staircase leading down to the drawing-rooms, and thence, after another
pause, down the next flight, and so on to the hall, whence I heard no

Now, by the time the sound had ceased, I was wound up, as they say, to
a very unpleasant pitch of excitement. I listened, but there was not a
stir. I screwed up my courage to a decisive experiment--opened my
door, and in a stentorian voice bawled over the banisters, "Who's
there?" There was no answer but the ringing of my own voice through
the empty old house,--no renewal of the movement; nothing, in short,
to give my unpleasant sensations a definite direction. There is, I
think, something most disagreeably disenchanting in the sound of
one's own voice under such circumstances, exerted in solitude, and in
vain. It redoubled my sense of isolation, and my misgivings increased
on perceiving that the door, which I certainly thought I had left
open, was closed behind me; in a vague alarm, lest my retreat should
be cut off, I got again into my room as quickly as I could, where I
remained in a state of imaginary blockade, and very uncomfortable
indeed, till morning.

Next night brought no return of my bare-footed fellow-lodger; but the
night following, being in my bed, and in the dark--somewhere, I
suppose, about the same hour as before, I distinctly heard the old
fellow again descending from the garrets.

This time I had had my punch, and the _morale_ of the garrison was
consequently excellent. I jumped out of bed, clutched the poker as I
passed the expiring fire, and in a moment was upon the lobby. The
sound had ceased by this time--the dark and chill were discouraging;
and, guess my horror, when I saw, or thought I saw, a black monster,
whether in the shape of a man or a bear I could not say, standing,
with its back to the wall, on the lobby, facing me, with a pair of
great greenish eyes shining dimly out. Now, I must be frank, and
confess that the cupboard which displayed our plates and cups stood
just there, though at the moment I did not recollect it. At the same
time I must honestly say, that making every allowance for an excited
imagination, I never could satisfy myself that I was made the dupe of
my own fancy in this matter; for this apparition, after one or two
shiftings of shape, as if in the act of incipient transformation,
began, as it seemed on second thoughts, to advance upon me in its
original form. From an instinct of terror rather than of courage, I
hurled the poker, with all my force, at its head; and to the music of
a horrid crash made my way into my room, and double-locked the door.
Then, in a minute more, I heard the horrid bare feet walk down the
stairs, till the sound ceased in the hall, as on the former occasion.

If the apparition of the night before was an ocular delusion of my
fancy sporting with the dark outlines of our cupboard, and if its
horrid eyes were nothing but a pair of inverted teacups, I had, at all
events, the satisfaction of having launched the poker with admirable
effect, and in true "fancy" phrase, "knocked its two daylights into
one," as the commingled fragments of my tea-service testified. I did
my best to gather comfort and courage from these evidences; but it
would not do. And then what could I say of those horrid bare feet, and
the regular tramp, tramp, tramp, which measured the distance of the
entire staircase through the solitude of my haunted dwelling, and at
an hour when no good influence was stirring? Confound it!--the whole
affair was abominable. I was out of spirits, and dreaded the approach
of night.

It came, ushered ominously in with a thunder-storm and dull torrents
of depressing rain. Earlier than usual the streets grew silent; and by
twelve o'clock nothing but the comfortless pattering of the rain was
to be heard.

I made myself as snug as I could. I lighted _two_ candles instead of
one. I forswore bed, and held myself in readiness for a sally, candle
in hand; for, _coute qui coute_, I was resolved to _see_ the being, if
visible at all, who troubled the nightly stillness of my mansion. I
was fidgetty and nervous and, tried in vain to interest myself with my
books. I walked up and down my room, whistling in turn martial and
hilarious music, and listening ever and anon for the dreaded noise. I
sate down and stared at the square label on the solemn and
reserved-looking black bottle, until "Flanagan & Co.'s Best Old Malt
Whisky" grew into a sort of subdued accompaniment to all the fantastic
and horrible speculations which chased one another through my brain.

Silence, meanwhile, grew more silent, and darkness darker. I listened
in vain for the rumble of a vehicle, or the dull clamour of a distant
row. There was nothing but the sound of a rising wind, which had
succeeded the thunder-storm that had travelled over the Dublin
mountains quite out of hearing. In the middle of this great city I
began to feel myself alone with nature, and Heaven knows what beside.
My courage was ebbing. Punch, however, which makes beasts of so many,
made a man of me again--just in time to hear with tolerable nerve and
firmness the lumpy, flabby, naked feet deliberately descending the
stairs again.

I took a candle, not without a tremour. As I crossed the floor I tried
to extemporise a prayer, but stopped short to listen, and never
finished it. The steps continued. I confess I hesitated for some
seconds at the door before I took heart of grace and opened it. When I
peeped out the lobby was perfectly empty--there was no monster
standing on the staircase; and as the detested sound ceased, I was
reassured enough to venture forward nearly to the banisters. Horror of
horrors! within a stair or two beneath the spot where I stood the
unearthly tread smote the floor. My eye caught something in motion; it
was about the size of Goliah's foot--it was grey, heavy, and flapped
with a dead weight from one step to another. As I am alive, it was the
most monstrous grey rat I ever beheld or imagined.

Shakespeare says--"Some men there are cannot abide a gaping pig, and
some that are mad if they behold a cat." I went well-nigh out of my
wits when I beheld this _rat_; for, laugh at me as you may, it fixed
upon me, I thought, a perfectly human expression of malice; and, as it
shuffled about and looked up into my face almost from between my feet,
I saw, I could swear it--I felt it then, and know it now, the infernal
gaze and the accursed countenance of my old friend in the portrait,
transfused into the visage of the bloated vermin before me.

I bounced into my room again with a feeling of loathing and horror I
cannot describe, and locked and bolted my door as if a lion had been
at the other side. D----n him or _it_; curse the portrait and its
original! I felt in my soul that the rat--yes, the _rat_, the RAT I
had just seen, was that evil being in masquerade, and rambling through
the house upon some infernal night lark.

Next morning I was early trudging through the miry streets; and, among
other transactions, posted a peremptory note recalling Tom. On my
return, however, I found a note from my absent "chum," announcing his
intended return next day. I was doubly rejoiced at this, because I had
succeeded in getting rooms; and because the change of scene and return
of my comrade were rendered specially pleasant by the last night's
half ridiculous half horrible adventure.

I slept extemporaneously in my new quarters in Digges' Street that
night, and next morning returned for breakfast to the haunted mansion,
where I was certain Tom would call immediately on his arrival.

I was quite right--he came; and almost his first question referred to
the primary object of our change of residence.

"Thank God," he said with genuine fervour, on hearing that all was
arranged. "On _your_ account I am delighted. As to myself, I assure
you that no earthly consideration could have induced me ever again to
pass a night in this disastrous old house."

"Confound the house!" I ejaculated, with a genuine mixture of fear and
detestation, "we have not had a pleasant hour since we came to live
here"; and so I went on, and related incidentally my adventure with
the plethoric old rat.

"Well, if that were _all_," said my cousin, affecting to make light of
the matter, "I don't think I should have minded it very much."

"Ay, but its eye--its countenance, my dear Tom," urged I; "if you had
seen _that_, you would have felt it might be _anything_ but what it

"I inclined to think the best conjurer in such a case would be an
able-bodied cat," he said, with a provoking chuckle.

"But let us hear your own adventure," I said tartly.

At this challenge he looked uneasily round him. I had poked up a very
unpleasant recollection.

"You shall hear it, Dick; I'll tell it to you," he said. "Begad, sir,
I should feel quite queer, though, telling it _here_, though we are
too strong a body for ghosts to meddle with just now."

Though he spoke this like a joke, I think it was serious calculation.
Our Hebe was in a corner of the room, packing our cracked delf tea and
dinner-services in a basket. She soon suspended operations, and with
mouth and eyes wide open became an absorbed listener. Tom's
experiences were told nearly in these words:--

"I saw it three times, Dick--three distinct times; and I am perfectly
certain it meant me some infernal harm. I was, I say, in danger--in
_extreme_ danger; for, if nothing else had happened, my reason would
most certainly have failed me, unless I had escaped so soon. Thank
God. I _did_ escape.

"The first night of this hateful disturbance, I was lying in the
attitude of sleep, in that lumbering old bed. I hate to think of it. I
was really wide awake, though I had put out my candle, and was lying
as quietly as if I had been asleep; and although accidentally
restless, my thoughts were running in a cheerful and agreeable

"I think it must have been two o'clock at least when I thought I heard
a sound in that--that odious dark recess at the far end of the
bedroom. It was as if someone was drawing a piece of cord slowly along
the floor, lifting it up, and dropping it softly down again in coils.
I sate up once or twice in my bed, but could see nothing, so I
concluded it must be mice in the wainscot. I felt no emotion graver
than curiosity, and after a few minutes ceased to observe it.

"While lying in this state, strange to say; without at first a
suspicion of anything supernatural, on a sudden I saw an old man,
rather stout and square, in a sort of roan-red dressing-gown, and with
a black cap on his head, moving stiffly and slowly in a diagonal
direction, from the recess, across the floor of the bedroom, passing
my bed at the foot, and entering the lumber-closet at the left. He had
something under his arm; his head hung a little at one side; and,
merciful God! when I saw his face."

Tom stopped for a while, and then said--

"That awful countenance, which living or dying I never can forget,
disclosed what he was. Without turning to the right or left, he passed
beside me, and entered the closet by the bed's head.

"While this fearful and indescribable type of death and guilt was
passing, I felt that I had no more power to speak or stir than if I
had been myself a corpse. For hours after it had disappeared, I was
too terrified and weak to move. As soon as daylight came, I took
courage, and examined the room, and especially the course which the
frightful intruder had seemed to take, but there was not a vestige to
indicate anybody's having passed there; no sign of any disturbing
agency visible among the lumber that strewed the floor of the closet.

"I now began to recover a little. I was fagged and exhausted, and at
last, overpowered by a feverish sleep. I came down late; and finding
you out of spirits, on account of your dreams about the portrait,
whose _original_ I am now certain disclosed himself to me, I did not
care to talk about the infernal vision. In fact, I was trying to
persuade myself that the whole thing was an illusion, and I did not
like to revive in their intensity the hated impressions of the past
night--or, to risk the constancy of my scepticism, by recounting the
tale of my sufferings.

"It required some nerve, I can tell you, to go to my haunted chamber
next night, and lie down quietly in the same bed," continued Tom. "I
did so with a degree of trepidation, which, I am not ashamed to say, a
very little matter would have sufficed to stimulate to downright
panic. This night, however, passed off quietly enough, as also the
next; and so too did two or three more. I grew more confident, and
began to fancy that I believed in the theories of spectral illusions,
with which I had at first vainly tried to impose upon my convictions.

"The apparition had been, indeed, altogether anomalous. It had crossed
the room without any recognition of my presence: I had not disturbed
_it_, and _it_ had no mission to _me_. What, then, was the imaginable
use of its crossing the room in a visible shape at all? Of course it
might have _been_ in the closet instead of _going_ there, as easily as
it introduced itself into the recess without entering the chamber in a
shape discernible by the senses. Besides, how the deuce _had_ I seen
it? It was a dark night; I had no candle; there was no fire; and yet I
saw it as distinctly, in colouring and outline, as ever I beheld human
form! A cataleptic dream would explain it all; and I was determined
that a dream it should be.

"One of the most remarkable phenomena connected with the practice of
mendacity is the vast number of deliberate lies we tell ourselves,
whom, of all persons, we can least expect to deceive. In all this, I
need hardly tell you, Dick, I was simply lying to myself, and did not
believe one word of the wretched humbug. Yet I went on, as men will
do, like persevering charlatans and impostors, who tire people into
credulity by the mere force of reiteration; so I hoped to win myself
over at last to a comfortable scepticism about the ghost.

"He had not appeared a second time--that certainly was a comfort; and
what, after all, did I care for him, and his queer old toggery and
strange looks? Not a fig! I was nothing the worse for having seen him,
and a good story the better. So I tumbled into bed, put out my candle,
and, cheered by a loud drunken quarrel in the back lane, went fast

"From this deep slumber I awoke with a start. I knew I had had a
horrible dream; but what it was I could not remember. My heart was
thumping furiously; I felt bewildered and feverish; I sate up in the
bed and looked about the room. A broad flood of moonlight came in
through the curtainless window; everything was as I had last seen it;
and though the domestic squabble in the back lane was, unhappily for
me, allayed, I yet could hear a pleasant fellow singing, on his way
home, the then popular comic ditty called, 'Murphy Delany.' Taking
advantage of this diversion I lay down again, with my face towards the
fireplace, and closing my eyes, did my best to think of nothing else
but the song, which was every moment growing fainter in the

' 'Twas Murphy Delany, so funny and frisky,
    Stept into a shebeen shop to get his skin full;
He reeled out again pretty well lined with whiskey,
    As fresh as a shamrock, as blind as a bull.'

"The singer, whose condition I dare say resembled that of his hero,
was soon too far off to regale my ears any more; and as his music died
away, I myself sank into a doze, neither sound nor refreshing. Somehow
the song had got into my head, and I went meandering on through the
adventures of my respectable fellow-countryman, who, on emerging from
the 'shebeen shop,' fell into a river, from which he was fished up to
be 'sat upon' by a coroner's jury, who having learned from a
'horse-doctor' that he was 'dead as a door-nail, so there was an end,'
returned their verdict accordingly, just as he returned to his senses,
when an angry altercation and a pitched battle between the body and
the coroner winds up the lay with due spirit and pleasantry.

"Through this ballad I continued with a weary monotony to plod, down
to the very last line, and then _da capo_, and so on, in my
uncomfortable half-sleep, for how long, I can't conjecture. I found
myself at last, however, muttering, '_dead_ as a door-nail, so there
was an end'; and something like another voice within me, seemed to
say, very faintly, but sharply, 'dead! dead! _dead_! and may the Lord
have mercy on your soul!' and instantaneously I was wide awake, and
staring right before me from the pillow.

"Now--will you believe it, Dick?--I saw the same accursed figure
standing full front, and gazing at me with its stony and fiendish
countenance, not two yards from the bedside."

Tom stopped here, and wiped the perspiration from his face. I felt
very queer. The girl was as pale as Tom; and, assembled as we were in
the very scene of these adventures, we were all, I dare say, equally
grateful for the clear daylight and the resuming bustle out of doors.

"For about three seconds only I saw it plainly; then it grew
indistinct; but, for a long time, there was something like a column of
dark vapour where it had been standing, between me and the wall; and I
felt sure that he was still there. After a good while, this appearance
went too. I took my clothes down-stairs to the hall, and dressed
there, with the door half open; then went out into the street, and
walked about the town till morning, when I came back, in a miserable
state of nervousness and exhaustion. I was such a fool, Dick, as to be
ashamed to tell you how I came to be so upset. I thought you would
laugh at me; especially as I had always talked philosophy, and treated
_your_ ghosts with contempt. I concluded you would give me no quarter;
and so kept my tale of horror to myself.

"Now, Dick, you will hardly believe me, when I assure you, that for
many nights after this last experience, I did not go to my room at
all. I used to sit up for a while in the drawing-room after you had
gone up to your bed; and then steal down softly to the hall-door, let
myself out, and sit in the 'Robin Hood' tavern until the last guest
went off; and then I got through the night like a sentry, pacing the
streets till morning.

"For more than a week I never slept in bed. I sometimes had a snooze
on a form in the 'Robin Hood,' and sometimes a nap in a chair during
the day; but regular sleep I had absolutely none.

"I was quite resolved that we should get into another house; but I
could not bring myself to tell you the reason, and I somehow put it
off from day to day, although my life was, during every hour of this
procrastination, rendered as miserable as that of a felon with the
constables on his track. I was growing absolutely ill from this
wretched mode of life.

"One afternoon I determined to enjoy an hour's sleep upon your bed. I
hated mine; so that I had never, except in a stealthy visit every day
to unmake it, lest Martha should discover the secret of my nightly
absence, entered the ill-omened chamber.

"As ill-luck would have it, you had locked your bedroom, and taken
away the key. I went into my own to unsettle the bed-clothes, as
usual, and give the bed the appearance of having been slept in. Now, a
variety of circumstances concurred to bring about the dreadful scene
through which I was that night to pass. In the first place, I was
literally overpowered with fatigue, and longing for sleep; in the next
place, the effect of this extreme exhaustion upon my nerves resembled
that of a narcotic, and rendered me less susceptible than, perhaps I
should in any other condition have been, of the exciting fears which
had become habitual to me. Then again, a little bit of the window was
open, a pleasant freshness pervaded the room, and, to crown all, the
cheerful sun of day was making the room quite pleasant. What was to
prevent my enjoying an hour's nap _here_? The whole air was resonant
with the cheerful hum of life, and the broad matter-of-fact light of
day filled every corner of the room.

"I yielded--stifling my qualms--to the almost over-powering
temptation; and merely throwing off my coat, and loosening my cravat,
I lay down, limiting myself to _half_-an-hour's doze in the unwonted
enjoyment of a feather bed, a coverlet, and a bolster.

"It was horribly insidious; and the demon, no doubt, marked my
infatuated preparations. Dolt that I was, I fancied, with mind and
body worn out for want of sleep, and an arrear of a full week's rest
to my credit, that such measure as _half_-an-hour's sleep, in such a
situation, was possible. My sleep was death-like, long, and dreamless.

"Without a start or fearful sensation of any kind, I waked gently, but
completely. It was, as you have good reason to remember, long past
midnight--I believe, about two o'clock. When sleep has been deep and
long enough to satisfy nature thoroughly, one often wakens in this
way, suddenly, tranquilly, and completely.

"There was a figure seated in that lumbering, old sofa-chair, near the
fireplace. Its back was rather towards me, but I could not be
mistaken; it turned slowly round, and, merciful heavens! there was the
stony face, with its infernal lineaments of malignity and despair,
gloating on me. There was now no doubt as to its consciousness of my
presence, and the hellish malice with which it was animated, for it
arose, and drew close to the bedside. There was a rope about its neck,
and the other end, coiled up, it held stiffly in its hand.

"My good angel nerved me for this horrible crisis. I remained for some
seconds transfixed by the gaze of this tremendous phantom. He came
close to the bed, and appeared on the point of mounting upon it. The
next instant I was upon the floor at the far side, and in a moment
more was, I don't know how, upon the lobby.

"But the spell was not yet broken; the valley of the shadow of death
was not yet traversed. The abhorred phantom was before me there; it
was standing near the banisters, stooping a little, and with one end
of the rope round its own neck, was poising a noose at the other, as
if to throw over mine; and while engaged in this baleful pantomime, it
wore a smile so sensual, so unspeakably dreadful, that my senses were
nearly overpowered, I saw and remember nothing more, until I found
myself in your room.

"I had a wonderful escape, Dick--there is no disputing _that_--an
escape for which, while I live, I shall bless the mercy of heaven. No
one can conceive or imagine what it is for flesh and blood to stand in
the presence of such a thing, but one who has had the terrific
experience. Dick, Dick, a shadow has passed over me--a chill has
crossed my blood and marrow, and I will never be the same
again--never, Dick--never!"

Our handmaid, a mature girl of two-and-fifty, as I have said, stayed
her hand, as Tom's story proceeded, and by little and little drew near
to us, with open mouth, and her brows contracted over her little,
beady black eyes, till stealing a glance over her shoulder now and
then, she established herself close behind us. During the relation,
she had made various earnest comments, in an undertone; but these and
her ejaculations, for the sake of brevity and simplicity, I have
omitted in my narration.

"It's often I heard tell of it," she now said, "but I never believed
it rightly till now--though, indeed, why should not I? Does not my
mother, down there in the lane, know quare stories, God bless us,
beyant telling about it? But you ought not to have slept in the back
bedroom. She was loath to let me be going in and out of that room even
in the day time, let alone for any Christian to spend the night in it;
for sure she says it was his own bedroom."

"_Whose_ own bedroom?" we asked, in a breath.

"Why, _his_--the ould Judge's--Judge Horrock's, to be sure, God rest
his sowl"; and she looked fearfully round.

"Amen!" I muttered. "But did he die there?"

"Die there! No, not quite _there_," she said. "Shure, was not it over
the bannisters he hung himself, the ould sinner, God be merciful to us
all? and was not it in the alcove they found the handles of the
skipping-rope cut off, and the knife where he was settling the cord,
God bless us, to hang himself with? It was his housekeeper's daughter
owned the rope, my mother often told me, and the child never throve
after, and used to be starting up out of her sleep, and screeching in
the night time, wid dhrames and frights that cum an her; and they said
how it was the speerit of the ould Judge that was tormentin' her; and
she used to be roaring and yelling out to hould back the big ould
fellow with the crooked neck; and then she'd screech 'Oh, the master!
the master! he's stampin' at me, and beckoning to me! Mother, darling,
don't let me go!' And so the poor crathure died at last, and the
docthers said it was wather on the brain, for it was all they could

"How long ago was all this?" I asked.

"Oh, then, how would I know?" she answered. "But it must be a
wondherful long time ago, for the housekeeper was an ould woman, with
a pipe in her mouth, and not a tooth left, and better nor eighty years
ould when my mother was first married; and they said she was a rale
buxom, fine-dressed woman when the ould Judge come to his end; an',
indeed, my mother's not far from eighty years ould herself this day;
and what made it worse for the unnatural ould villain, God rest his
soul, to frighten the little girl out of the world the way he did, was
what was mostly thought and believed by every one. My mother says how
the poor little crathure was his own child; for he was by all accounts
an ould villain every way, an' the hangin'est judge that ever was
known in Ireland's ground."

"From what you said about the danger of sleeping in that bedroom,"
said I, "I suppose there were stories about the ghost having appeared
there to others."

"Well, there _was_ things said--quare things, surely," she answered,
as it seemed, with some reluctance. "And why would not there? Sure was
it not up in that same room he slept for more than twenty years? and
was it not in the _alcove_ he got the rope ready that done his own
business at last, the way he done many a betther man's in his
lifetime?--and was not the body lying in the same bed after death, and
put in the coffin there, too, and carried out to his grave from it in
Pether's churchyard, after the coroner was done? But there was quare
stories--my mother has them all--about how one Nicholas Spaight got
into trouble on the head of it."

"And what did they say of this Nicholas Spaight?" I asked.

"Oh, for that matther, it's soon told," she answered.

And she certainly did relate a very strange story, which so piqued my
curiosity, that I took occasion to visit the ancient lady, her mother,
from whom I learned many very curious particulars. Indeed, I am
tempted to tell the tale, but my fingers are weary, and I must defer
it. But if you wish to hear it another time, I shall do my best.[1]

When we had heard the strange tale I have _not_ told you, we put one
or two further questions to her about the alleged spectral
visitations, to which the house had, ever since the death of the
wicked old Judge, been subjected.

[Footnote 1: I do not find that Le Fanu ever wrote this story, though
evidently he once meant to do so. _Ed._]

"No one ever had luck in it," she told us. "There was always cross
accidents, sudden deaths, and short times in it. The first that tuck
it was a family--I forget their name--but at any rate there was two
young ladies and their papa. He was about sixty, and a stout healthy
gentleman as you'd wish to see at that age. Well, he slept in that
unlucky back bedroom; and, God between us an' harm! sure enough he was
found dead one morning, half out of the bed, with his head as black as
a sloe, and swelled like a puddin', hanging down near the floor. It
was a fit, they said. He was as dead as a mackerel, and so _he_ could
not say what it was; but the ould people was all sure that it was
nothing at all but the ould Judge, God bless us! that frightened him
out of his senses and his life together.

"Some time after there was a rich old maiden lady took the house. I
don't know which room _she_ slept in, but she lived alone; and at any
rate, one morning, the servants going down early to their work, found
her sitting on the passage-stairs, shivering and talkin' to herself,
quite mad; and never a word more could any of _them_ or her friends
get from her ever afterwards but, 'Don't ask me to go, for I promised
to wait for him.' They never made out from her who it was she meant by
_him_, but of course those that knew all about the ould house were at
no loss for the meaning of all that happened to her.

"Then afterwards, when the house was let out in lodgings, there was
Micky Byrne that took the same room, with his wife and three little
children; and sure I heard Mrs. Byrne myself telling how the children
used to be lifted up in the bed at night, she could not see by what
mains; and how they were starting and screeching every hour, just all
as one as the housekeeper's little girl that died, till at last one
night poor Micky had a dhrop in him, the way he used now and again;
and what do you think in the middle of the night he thought he heard a
noise on the stairs, and being in liquor, nothing less id do him but
out he must go himself to see what was wrong. Well, after that, all
she ever heard of him was himself sayin', 'Oh, God!' and a tumble
that shook the very house; and there, sure enough, he was lying on the
lower stairs under the lobby, with his neck smashed double undher him,
where he was flung over the banisters."

Then the handmaiden added--

"I'll go down to the lane, and send up Joe Gavvey to pack up the rest
of the taythings, and bring all the things across to your new

And so we all sallied out together, each of us breathing more freely,
I have no doubt, as we crossed that ill-omened threshold for the last

Now, I may add thus much, in compliance with the immemorial usage of
the realm of fiction, which sees the hero not only through his
adventures, but fairly out of the world. You must have perceived that
what the flesh, blood, and bone hero of romance proper is to the
regular compounder of fiction, this old house of brick, wood, and
mortar is to the humble recorder of this true tale. I, therefore,
relate, as in duty bound, the catastrophe which ultimately befell it,
which was simply this--that about two years subsequently to my story
it was taken by a quack doctor, who called himself Baron Duhlstoerf,
and filled the parlour windows with bottles of indescribable horrors
preserved in brandy, and the newspapers with the usual grandiloquent
and mendacious advertisements. This gentleman among his virtues did
not reckon sobriety, and one night, being overcome with much wine, he
set fire to his bed curtains, partially burned himself, and totally
consumed the house. It was afterwards rebuilt, and for a time an
undertaker established himself in the premises.

I have now told you my own and Tom's adventures, together with some
valuable collateral particulars; and having acquitted myself of my
engagement, I wish you a very good night, and pleasant dreams.


     Anonymous in the _Dublin University Magazine_ (1851).
     We see Le Fanu beginning to be attracted by the old
     village, a suburb of Dublin, which he made the scene of
     what is perhaps his best novel, _The House by the
     Churchyard_ (1862-3).

Take my word for it, there is no such thing as an ancient village,
especially if it has seen better days, unillustrated by its legends of
terror. You might as well expect to find a decayed cheese without
mites, or an old house without rats, as an antique and dilapidated
town without an authentic population of goblins. Now, although this
class of inhabitants are in nowise amenable to the police authorities,
yet, as their demeanour directly affects the comforts of her Majesty's
subjects, I cannot but regard it as a grave omission that the public
have hitherto been left without any statistical returns of their
numbers, activity, etc., etc. And I am persuaded that a Commission to
inquire into and report upon the numerical strength, habits, haunts,
etc., etc., of supernatural agents resident in Ireland, would be a
great deal more innocent and entertaining than half the Commissions
for which the country pays, and at least as instructive. This I say,
more from a sense of duty, and to deliver my mind of a grave truth,
than with any hope of seeing the suggestion adopted. But, I am sure,
my readers will deplore with me that the comprehensive powers of
belief, and apparently illimitable leisure, possessed by parliamentary
commissions of inquiry, should never have been applied to the subject
I have named, and that the collection of that species of information
should be confided to the gratuitous and desultory labours of
individuals, who, like myself, have other occupations to attend to.
This, however, by the way.

Among the village outposts of Dublin, Chapelizod once held a
considerable, if not a foremost rank. Without mentioning its connexion
with the history of the great Kilmainham Preceptory of the Knights of
St. John, it will be enough to remind the reader of its ancient and
celebrated Castle, not one vestige of which now remains, and of the
fact that it was for, we believe, some centuries, the summer residence
of the Viceroys of Ireland. The circumstance of its being up, we
believe, to the period at which that corps was disbanded, the
head-quarters of the Royal Irish Artillery, gave it also a consequence
of an humbler, but not less substantial kind. With these advantages in
its favour, it is not wonderful that the town exhibited at one time an
air of substantial and semi-aristocratic prosperity unknown to Irish
villages in modern times.

A broad street, with a well-paved foot-path, and houses as lofty as
were at that time to be found in the fashionable streets of Dublin; a
goodly stone-fronted barrack; an ancient church, vaulted beneath, and
with a tower clothed from its summit to its base with the richest ivy;
an humble Roman Catholic chapel; a steep bridge spanning the Liffey,
and a great old mill at the near end of it, were the principal
features of the town. These, or at least most of them, remain still,
but the greater part in a very changed and forlorn condition. Some of
them indeed are superseded, though not obliterated by modern
erections, such as the bridge, the chapel, and the church in part; the
rest forsaken by the order who originally raised them, and delivered
up to poverty, and in some cases to absolute decay.

The village lies in the lap of the rich and wooded valley of the
Liffey, and is overlooked by the high grounds of the beautiful Phoenix
Park on the one side, and by the ridge of the Palmerstown hills on the
other. Its situation, therefore, is eminently picturesque; and
factory-fronts and chimneys notwithstanding, it has, I think, even in
its decay, a sort of melancholy picturesqueness of its own. Be that as
it may, I mean to relate two or three stories of that sort which may
be read with very good effect by a blazing fire on a shrewd winter's
night, and are all directly connected with the altered and somewhat
melancholy little town I have named. The first I shall relate concerns


About thirty years ago there lived in the town of Chapelizod an
ill-conditioned fellow of herculean strength, well known throughout
the neighbourhood by the title of Bully Larkin. In addition to his
remarkable physical superiority, this fellow had acquired a degree of
skill as a pugilist which alone would have made him formidable. As it
was, he was the autocrat of the village, and carried not the sceptre
in vain. Conscious of his superiority, and perfectly secure of
impunity, he lorded it over his fellows in a spirit of cowardly and
brutal insolence, which made him hated even more profoundly than he
was feared.

Upon more than one occasion he had deliberately forced quarrels upon
men whom he had singled out for the exhibition of his savage prowess;
and in every encounter his over-matched antagonist had received an
amount of "punishment" which edified and appalled the spectators, and
in some instances left ineffaceable scars and lasting injuries after

Bully Larkin's pluck had never been fairly tried. For, owing to his
prodigious superiority in weight, strength, and skill, his victories
had always been certain and easy; and in proportion to the facility
with which he uniformly smashed an antagonist, his pugnacity and
insolence were inflamed. He thus became an odious nuisance in the
neighbourhood, and the terror of every mother who had a son, and of
every wife who had a husband who possessed a spirit to resent insult,
or the smallest confidence in his own pugilistic capabilities.

Now it happened that there was a young fellow named Ned Moran--better
known by the soubriquet of "Long Ned," from his slender, lathy
proportions--at that time living in the town. He was, in truth, a mere
lad, nineteen years of age, and fully twelve years younger than the
stalwart bully. This, however, as the reader will see, secured for him
no exemption from the dastardly provocations of the ill-conditioned
pugilist. Long Ned, in an evil hour, had thrown eyes of affection upon
a certain buxom damsel, who, notwithstanding Bully Larkin's amorous
rivalry, inclined to reciprocate them.

I need not say how easily the spark of jealousy, once kindled, is
blown into a flame, and how naturally, in a coarse and ungoverned
nature, it explodes in acts of violence and outrage.

"The bully" watched his opportunity, and contrived to provoke Ned
Moran, while drinking in a public-house with a party of friends, into
an altercation, in the course of which he failed not to put such
insults upon his rival as manhood could not tolerate. Long Ned, though
a simple, good-natured sort of fellow, was by no means deficient in
spirit, and retorted in a tone of defiance which edified the more
timid, and gave his opponent the opportunity he secretly coveted.

Bully Larkin challenged the heroic youth, whose pretty face he had
privately consigned to the mangling and bloody discipline he was
himself so capable of administering. The quarrel, which he had himself
contrived to get up, to a certain degree covered the ill blood and
malignant premeditation which inspired his proceedings, and Long Ned,
being full of generous ire and whiskey punch, accepted the gauge of
battle on the instant. The whole party, accompanied by a mob of idle
men and boys, and in short by all who could snatch a moment from the
calls of business, proceeded in slow procession through the old gate
into the Phoenix Park, and mounting the hill overlooking the town,
selected near its summit a level spot on which to decide the quarrel.

The combatants stripped, and a child might have seen in the contrast
presented by the slight, lank form and limbs of the lad, and the
muscular and massive build of his veteran antagonist, how desperate
was the chance of Poor Ned Moran.

"Seconds" and "bottle-holders"--selected of course for their love of
the game--were appointed, and "the fight" commenced.

I will not shock my readers with a description of the cool-blooded
butchery that followed. The result of the combat was what anybody
might have predicted. At the eleventh round, poor Ned refused to "give
in"; the brawny pugilist, unhurt, in good wind, and pale with
concentrated and as yet unslaked revenge, had the gratification of
seeing his opponent seated upon his second's knee, unable to hold up
his head, his left arm disabled; his face a bloody, swollen, and
shapeless mass; his breast scarred and bloody, and his whole body
panting and quivering with rage and exhaustion.

"Give in Ned, my boy," cried more than one of the bystanders.

"Never, never," shrieked he, with a voice hoarse and choking.

Time being "up," his second placed him on his feet again. Blinded with
his own blood, panting and staggering, he presented but a helpless
mark for the blows of his stalwart opponent. It was plain that a touch
would have been sufficient to throw him to the earth. But Larkin had
no notion of letting him off so easily. He closed with him without
striking a blow (the effect of which, prematurely dealt, would have
been to bring him at once to the ground, and so put an end to the
combat), and getting his battered and almost senseless head under his
arm, fast in that peculiar "fix" known to the fancy pleasantly by the
name of "chancery," he held him firmly, while with monotonous and
brutal strokes he beat his fist, as it seemed, almost into his face. A
cry of "shame" broke from the crowd, for it was plain that the beaten
man was now insensible, and supported only by the herculean arm of the
bully. The round and the fight ended by his hurling him upon the
ground, falling upon him at the same time with his knee upon his

The bully rose, wiping the perspiration from his white face with his
blood-stained hands, but Ned lay stretched and motionless upon the
grass. It was impossible to get him upon his legs for another round.
So he was carried down, just as he was, to the pond which then lay
close to the old Park gate, and his head and body were washed beside
it. Contrary to the belief of all he was not dead. He was carried
home, and after some months to a certain extent recovered. But he
never held up his head again, and before the year was over he had died
of consumption. Nobody could doubt how the disease had been induced,
but there was no actual proof to connect the cause and effect, and the
ruffian Larkin escaped the vengeance of the law. A strange
retribution, however, awaited him.

After the death of Long Ned, he became less quarrelsome than before,
but more sullen and reserved. Some said "he took it to heart," and
others, that his conscience was not at ease about it. Be this as it
may, however, his health did not suffer by reason of his presumed
agitations, nor was his worldly prosperity marred by the blasting
curses with which poor Moran's enraged mother pursued him; on the
contrary, he had rather risen in the world, and obtained regular and
well-remunerated employment from the Chief Secretary's gardener, at
the other side of the Park. He still lived in Chapelizod, whither, on
the close of his day's work, he used to return across the Fifteen

It was about three years after the catastrophe we have mentioned, and
late in the autumn, when, one night, contrary to his habit, he did not
appear at the house where he lodged, neither had he been seen
anywhere, during the evening, in the village. His hours of return had
been so very regular, that his absence excited considerable surprise,
though, of course, no actual alarm; and, at the usual hour, the house
was closed for the night, and the absent lodger consigned to the mercy
of the elements, and the care of his presiding star. Early in the
morning, however, he was found lying in a state of utter helplessness
upon the slope immediately overlooking the Chapelizod gate. He had
been smitten with a paralytic stroke: his right side was dead; and it
was many weeks before he had recovered his speech sufficiently to make
himself at all understood.

He then made the following relation:--He had been detained, it
appeared, later than usual, and darkness had closed before he
commenced his homeward walk across the Park. It was a moonlit night,
but masses of ragged clouds were slowly drifting across the heavens.
He had not encountered a human figure, and no sounds but the softened
rush of the wind sweeping through bushes and hollows met his ear.
These wild and monotonous sounds, and the utter solitude which
surrounded him, did not, however, excite any of those uneasy
sensations which are ascribed to superstition, although he said he did
feel depressed, or, in his own phraseology, "lonesome." Just as he
crossed the brow of the hill which shelters the town of Chapelizod,
the moon shone out for some moments with unclouded lustre, and his
eye, which happened to wander by the shadowy enclosures which lay at
the foot of the slope, was arrested by the sight of a human figure
climbing, with all the haste of one pursued, over the churchyard wall,
and running up the steep ascent directly towards him. Stories of
"resurrectionists" crossed his recollection, as he observed this
suspicious-looking figure. But he began, momentarily, to be aware with
a sort of fearful instinct which he could not explain, that the
running figure was directing his steps, with a sinister purpose,
towards himself.

The form was that of a man with a loose coat about him, which, as he
ran, he disengaged, and as well as Larkin could see, for the moon was
again wading in clouds, threw from him. The figure thus advanced until
within some two score yards of him, it arrested its speed, and
approached with a loose, swaggering gait. The moon again shone out
bright and clear, and, gracious God! what was the spectacle before
him? He saw as distinctly as if he had been presented there in the
flesh, Ned Moran, himself, stripped naked from the waist upward, as if
for pugilistic combat, and drawing towards him in silence. Larkin
would have shouted, prayed, cursed, fled across the Park, but he was
absolutely powerless; the apparition stopped within a few steps, and
leered on him with a ghastly mimicry of the defiant stare with which
pugilists strive to cow one another before combat. For a time, which
he could not so much as conjecture, he was held in the fascination of
that unearthly gaze, and at last the thing, whatever it was, on a
sudden swaggered close up to him with extended palms. With an impulse
of horror, Larkin put out his hand to keep the figure off, and their
palms touched--at least, so he believed--for a thrill of unspeakable
agony, running through his arm, pervaded his entire frame, and he fell
senseless to the earth.

Though Larkin lived for many years after, his punishment was terrible.
He was incurably maimed; and being unable to work, he was forced, for
existence, to beg alms of those who had once feared and flattered him.
He suffered, too, increasingly, under his own horrible interpretation
of the preternatural encounter which was the beginning of all his
miseries. It was vain to endeavour to shake his faith in the reality
of the apparition, and equally vain, as some compassionately did, to
try to persuade him that the greeting with which his vision closed was
intended, while inflicting a temporary trial, to signify a
compensating reconciliation.

"No, no," he used to say, "all won't do. I know the meaning of it well
enough; it is a challenge to meet him in the other world--in Hell,
where I am going--that's what it means, and nothing else."

And so, miserable and refusing comfort, he lived on for some years,
and then died, and was buried in the same narrow churchyard which
contains the remains of his victim.

I need hardly say, how absolute was the faith of the honest
inhabitants, at the time when I heard the story, in the reality of the
preternatural summons which, through the portals of terror, sickness,
and misery, had summoned Bully Larkin to his long, last home, and
that, too, upon the very ground on which he had signalised the
guiltiest triumph of his violent and vindictive career.

I recollect another story of the preternatural sort, which made no
small sensation, some five-and-thirty years ago, among the good
gossips of the town; and, with your leave, courteous reader, I shall
relate it.


Those who remember Chapelizod a quarter of a century ago, or more, may
possibly recollect the parish sexton. Bob Martin was held much in awe
by truant boys who sauntered into the churchyard on Sundays, to read
the tomb-stones, or play leap frog over them, or climb the ivy in
search of bats or sparrows' nests, or peep into the mysterious
aperture under the eastern window, which opened a dim perspective of
descending steps losing themselves among profounder darkness, where
lidless coffins gaped horribly among tattered velvet, bones, and dust,
which time and mortality had strewn there. Of such horribly curious,
and otherwise enterprising juveniles, Bob was, of course, the special
scourge and terror. But terrible as was the official aspect of the
sexton, and repugnant as his lank form, clothed in rusty, sable
vesture, his small, frosty visage, suspicious grey eyes, and rusty,
brown scratch-wig, might appear to all notions of genial frailty; it
was yet true, that Bob Martin's severe morality sometimes nodded, and
that Bacchus did not always solicit him in vain.

Bob had a curious mind, a memory well stored with "merry tales," and
tales of terror. His profession familiarised him with graves and
goblins, and his tastes with weddings, wassail, and sly frolics of all
sorts. And as his personal recollections ran back nearly three score
years into the perspective of the village history, his fund of local
anecdote was copious, accurate, and edifying.

As his ecclesiastical revenues were by no means considerable, he was
not unfrequently obliged, for the indulgence of his tastes, to arts
which were, at the best, undignified.

He frequently invited himself when his entertainers had forgotten to
do so; he dropped in accidentally upon small drinking parties of his
acquaintance in public houses, and entertained them with stories,
queer or terrible, from his inexhaustible reservoir, never scrupling
to accept an acknowledgment in the shape of hot whiskey-punch, or
whatever else was going.

There was at that time a certain atrabilious publican, called Philip
Slaney, established in a shop nearly opposite the old turnpike. This
man was not, when left to himself, immoderately given to drinking; but
being naturally of a saturnine complexion, and his spirits constantly
requiring a fillip, he acquired a prodigious liking for Bob Martin's
company. The sexton's society, in fact, gradually became the solace of
his existence, and he seemed to lose his constitutional melancholy in
the fascination of his sly jokes and marvellous stories.

This intimacy did not redound to the prosperity or reputation of the
convivial allies. Bob Martin drank a good deal more punch than was
good for his health, or consistent with the character of an
ecclesiastical functionary. Philip Slaney, too, was drawn into similar
indulgences, for it was hard to resist the genial seductions of his
gifted companion; and as he was obliged to pay for both, his purse was
believed to have suffered even more than his head and liver.

Be this as it may, Bob Martin had the credit of having made a drunkard
of "black Phil Slaney"--for by this cognomen was he distinguished; and
Phil Slaney had also the reputation of having made the sexton, if
possible, a "bigger bliggard" than ever. Under these circumstances,
the accounts of the concern opposite the turnpike became somewhat
entangled; and it came to pass one drowsy summer morning, the weather
being at once sultry and cloudy, that Phil Slaney went into a small
back parlour, where he kept his books, and which commanded, through
its dirty window-panes, a full view of a dead wall, and having bolted
the door, he took a loaded pistol, and clapping the muzzle in his
mouth, blew the upper part of his skull through the ceiling.

This horrid catastrophe shocked Bob Martin extremely; and partly on
this account, and partly because having been, on several late
occasions, found at night in a state of abstraction, bordering on
insensibility, upon the high road, he had been threatened with
dismissal; and, as some said, partly also because of the difficulty of
finding anybody to "treat" him as poor Phil Slaney used to do, he for
a time forswore alcohol in all its combinations, and became an eminent
example of temperance and sobriety.

Bob observed his good resolutions, greatly to the comfort of his
wife, and the edification of the neighbourhood, with tolerable
punctuality. He was seldom tipsy, and never drunk, and was greeted by
the better part of society with all the honours of the prodigal son.

Now it happened, about a year after the grisly event we have
mentioned, that the curate having received, by the post, due notice of
a funeral to be consummated in the churchyard of Chapelizod, with
certain instructions respecting the site of the grave, despatched a
summons for Bob Martin, with a view to communicate to that functionary
these official details.

It was a lowering autumn night: piles of lurid thunder-clouds, slowly
rising from the earth, had loaded the sky with a solemn and boding
canopy of storm. The growl of the distant thunder was heard afar off
upon the dull, still air, and all nature seemed, as it were, hushed
and cowering under the oppressive influence of the approaching

It was past nine o'clock when Bob, putting on his official coat of
seedy black, prepared to attend his professional superior.

"Bobby, darlin'," said his wife, before she delivered the hat she held
in her hand to his keeping, "sure you won't, Bobby, darlin'--you
won't--you know what."

"I _don't_ know what," he retorted, smartly, grasping at his hat.

"You won't be throwing up the little finger, Bobby, acushla?" she
said, evading his grasp.

"Arrah, why would I, woman? there, give me my hat, will you?"

"But won't you promise me, Bobby darlin'--won't you, alanna?"

"Ay, ay, to be sure I will--why not?--there, give me my hat, and let
me go."

"Ay, but you're not promisin', Bobby, mavourneen; you're not promisin'
all the time."

"Well, divil carry me if I drink a drop till I come back again," said
the sexton, angrily; "will that do you? And _now_ will you give me my

"Here it is, darlin'," she said, "and God send you safe back."

And with this parting blessing she closed the door upon his retreating
figure, for it was now quite dark, and resumed her knitting till his
return, very much relieved; for she thought he had of late been
oftener tipsy than was consistent with his thorough reformation, and
feared the allurements of the half dozen "publics" which he had at
that time to pass on his way to the other end of the town.

They were still open, and exhaled a delicious reek of whiskey, as Bob
glided wistfully by them; but he stuck his hands in his pockets and
looked the other way, whistling resolutely, and filling his mind with
the image of the curate and anticipations of his coming fee. Thus he
steered his morality safely through these rocks of offence, and
reached the curate's lodging in safety.

He had, however, an unexpected sick call to attend, and was not at
home, so that Bob Martin had to sit in the hall and amuse himself with
the devil's tattoo until his return. This, unfortunately, was very
long delayed, and it must have been fully twelve o'clock when Bob
Martin set out upon his homeward way. By this time the storm had
gathered to a pitchy darkness, the bellowing thunder was heard among
the rocks and hollows of the Dublin mountains, and the pale, blue
lightning shone upon the staring fronts of the houses.

By this time, too, every door was closed; but as Bob trudged homeward,
his eye mechanically sought the public-house which had once belonged
to Phil Slaney. A faint light was making its way through the shutters
and the glass panes over the doorway, which made a sort of dull, foggy
halo about the front of the house.

As Bob's eyes had become accustomed to the obscurity by this time, the
light in question was quite sufficient to enable him to see a man in a
sort of loose riding-coat seated upon a bench which, at that time, was
fixed under the window of the house. He wore his hat very much over
his eyes, and was smoking a long pipe. The outline of a glass and a
quart bottle were also dimly traceable beside him; and a large horse
saddled, but faintly discernible, was patiently awaiting his master's

There was something odd, no doubt, in the appearance of a traveller
refreshing himself at such an hour in the open street; but the sexton
accounted for it easily by supposing that, on the closing of the house
for the night, he had taken what remained of his refection to the
place where he was now discussing it al fresco.

At another time Bob might have saluted the stranger as he passed with
a friendly "good night"; but, somehow, he was out of humour and in no
genial mood, and was about passing without any courtesy of the sort,
when the stranger, without taking the pipe from his mouth, raised the
bottle, and with it beckoned him familiarly, while, with a sort of
lurch of the head and shoulders, and at the same time shifting his
seat to the end of the bench, he pantomimically invited him to share
his seat and his cheer. There was a divine fragrance of whiskey about
the spot, and Bob half relented; but he remembered his promise just as
he began to waver, and said:

"No, I thank you, sir, I can't stop to-night."

The stranger beckoned with vehement welcome, and pointed to the vacant
space on the seat beside him.

"I thank you for your polite offer," said Bob, "but it's what I'm too
late as it is, and haven't time to spare, so I wish you a good night."

The traveller jingled the glass against the neck of the bottle, as if
to intimate that he might at least swallow a dram without losing time.
Bob was mentally quite of the same opinion; but, though his mouth
watered, he remembered his promise, and shaking his head with
incorruptible resolution, walked on.

The stranger, pipe in mouth, rose from his bench, the bottle in one
hand, and the glass in the other, and followed at the Sexton's heels,
his dusky horse keeping close in his wake.

There was something suspicious and unaccountable in this importunity.

Bob quickened his pace, but the stranger followed close. The sexton
began to feel queer, and turned about. His pursuer was behind, and
still inviting him with impatient gestures to taste his liquor.

"I told you before," said Bob, who was both angry and frightened,
"that I would not taste it, and that's enough. I don't want to have
anything to say to you or your bottle; and in God's name," he added,
more vehemently, observing that he was approaching still closer, "fall
back and don't be tormenting me this way."

These words, as it seemed, incensed the stranger, for he shook the
bottle with violent menace at Bob Martin; but, notwithstanding this
gesture of defiance, he suffered the distance between them to
increase. Bob, however, beheld him dogging him still in the distance,
for his pipe shed a wonderful red glow, which duskily illuminated his
entire figure like the lurid atmosphere of a meteor.

"I wish the devil had his own, my boy," muttered the excited sexton,
"and I know well enough where you'd be."

The next time he looked over his shoulder, to his dismay he observed
the importunate stranger as close as ever upon his track.

"Confound you," cried the man of skulls and shovels, almost beside
himself with rage and horror, "what is it you want of me?"

The stranger appeared more confident, and kept wagging his head and
extending both glass and bottle toward him as he drew near, and Bob
Martin heard the horse snorting as it followed in the dark.

"Keep it to yourself, whatever it is, for there is neither grace nor
luck about you," cried Bob Martin, freezing with terror; "leave me
alone, will you."

And he fumbled in vain among the seething confusion of his ideas for a
prayer or an exorcism. He quickened his pace almost to a run; he was
now close to his own door, under the impending bank by the river side.

"Let me in, let me in, for God's sake; Molly, open the door," he
cried, as he ran to the threshold, and leant his back against the
plank. His pursuer confronted him upon the road; the pipe was no
longer in his mouth, but the dusky red glow still lingered round him.
He uttered some inarticulate cavernous sounds, which were wolfish and
indescribable, while he seemed employed in pouring out a glass from
the bottle.

The sexton kicked with all his force against the door, and cried at
the same time with a despairing voice.

"In the name of God Almighty, once for all, leave me alone."

His pursuer furiously flung the contents of the bottle at Bob Martin;
but instead of fluid it issued out in a scream of flame, which
expanded and whirled round them, and for a moment they were both
enveloped in a faint blaze; at the same instant a sudden gust whisked
off the stranger's hat, and the sexton beheld that his skull was
roofless. For an instant he beheld the gaping aperture, black and
shattered, and then he fell senseless into his own doorway, which his
affrighted wife had just unbarred.

I need hardly give my reader the key to this most intelligible and
authentic narrative. The traveller was acknowledged by all to have
been the spectre of the suicide, called up by the Evil One to tempt
the convivial sexton into a violation of his promise, sealed, as it
was, by an imprecation. Had he succeeded, no doubt the dusky steed,
which Bob had seen saddled in attendance, was destined to have carried
back a double burden to the place from whence he came.

As an attestation of the reality of this visitation, the old thorn
tree which overhung the doorway was found in the morning to have been
blasted with the infernal fires which had issued from the bottle, just
as if a thunder-bolt had scorched it.

    *    *    *    *    *

The moral of the above tale is upon the surface, apparent, and, so to
speak, _self-acting_--a circumstance which happily obviates the
necessity of our discussing it together. Taking our leave, therefore,
of honest Bob Martin, who now sleeps soundly in the same solemn
dormitory where, in his day, he made so many beds for others, I come
to a legend of the Royal Irish Artillery, whose head-quarters were for
so long a time in the town of Chapelizod. I don't mean to say that I
cannot tell a great many more stories, equally authentic and
marvellous, touching this old town; but as I may possibly have to
perform a like office for other localities, and as Anthony Poplar[2]
is known, like Atropos, to carry a shears, wherewith to snip across
all "yarns" which exceed reasonable bounds, I consider it, on the
whole, safer to despatch the traditions of Chapelizod with one tale

[Footnote 2: The pseudonym of the Editor of the _Dublin University
Magazine_. [_Ed._]]

Let me, however, first give it a name; for an author can no more
despatch a tale without a title, than an apothecary can deliver his
physic without a label. We shall, therefore, call it--


There lived some fifteen years since in a small and ruinous house,
little better than a hovel, an old woman who was reported to have
considerably exceeded her eightieth year, and who rejoiced in the name
of Alice, or popularly, Ally Moran. Her society was not much courted,
for she was neither rich, nor, as the reader may suppose, beautiful.
In addition to a lean cur and a cat she had one human companion, her
grandson, Peter Brien, whom, with laudable good-nature, she had
supported from the period of his orphanage down to that of my story,
which finds him in his twentieth year. Peter was a good-natured slob
of a fellow, much more addicted to wrestling, dancing, and
love-making, than to hard work, and fonder of whiskey punch than good
advice. His grandmother had a high opinion of his accomplishments,
which indeed was but natural, and also of his genius, for Peter had of
late years begun to apply his mind to politics; and as it was plain
that he had a mortal hatred of honest labour, his grandmother
predicted, like a true fortune-teller, that he was born to marry an
heiress, and Peter himself (who had no mind to forego his freedom even
on such terms) that he was destined to find a pot of gold. Upon one
point both agreed, that being unfitted by the peculiar bias of his
genius for work, he was to acquire the immense fortune to which his
merits entitled him by means of a pure run of good luck. This solution
of Peter's future had the double effect of reconciling both himself
and his grandmother to his idle courses, and also of maintaining that
even flow of hilarious spirits which made him everywhere welcome, and
which was in truth the natural result of his consciousness of
approaching affluence.

It happened one night that Peter had enjoyed himself to a very late
hour with two or three choice spirits near Palmerstown. They had
talked politics and love, sung songs, and told stories, and, above
all, had swallowed, in the chastened disguise of punch, at least a
pint of good whiskey, every man.

It was considerably past one o'clock when Peter bid his companions
good-bye, with a sigh and a hiccough, and lighting his pipe set forth
on his solitary homeward way.

The bridge of Chapelizod was pretty nearly the midway point of his
night march, and from one cause or another his progress was rather
slow, and it was past two o'clock by the time he found himself leaning
over its old battlements, and looking up the river, over whose winding
current and wooded banks the soft moonlight was falling.

The cold breeze that blew lightly down the stream was grateful to him.
It cooled his throbbing head, and he drank it in at his hot lips. The
scene, too, had, without his being well sensible of it, a secret
fascination. The village was sunk in the profoundest slumber, not a
mortal stirring, not a sound afloat, a soft haze covered it all, and
the fairy moonlight hovered over the entire landscape.

In a state between rumination and rapture, Peter continued to lean
over the battlements of the old bridge, and as he did so he saw, or
fancied he saw, emerging one after another along the river bank in
the little gardens and enclosures in the rear of the street of
Chapelizod, the queerest little white-washed huts and cabins he had
ever seen there before. They had not been there that evening when he
passed the bridge on the way to his merry tryst. But the most
remarkable thing about it was the odd way in which these quaint little
cabins showed themselves. First he saw one or two of them just with
the corner of his eye, and when he looked full at them, strange to
say, they faded away and disappeared. Then another and another came in
view, but all in the same coy way, just appearing and gone again
before he could well fix his gaze upon them; in a little while,
however, they began to bear a fuller gaze, and he found, as it seemed
to himself, that he was able by an effort of attention to fix the
vision for a longer and a longer time, and when they waxed faint and
nearly vanished, he had the power of recalling them into light and
substance, until at last their vacillating indistinctness became less
and less, and they assumed a permanent place in the moonlit landscape.

"Be the hokey," said Peter, lost in amazement, and dropping his pipe
into the river unconsciously, "them is the quarist bits iv mud cabins
I ever seen, growing up like musharoons in the dew of an evening, and
poppin' up here and down again there, and up again in another place,
like so many white rabbits in a warren; and there they stand at last
as firm and fast as if they were there from the Deluge; bedad it's
enough to make a man a'most believe in the fairies."

This latter was a large concession from Peter, who was a bit of a
free-thinker, and spoke contemptuously in his ordinary conversation of
that class of agencies.

Having treated himself to a long last stare at these mysterious
fabrics, Peter prepared to pursue his homeward way; having crossed
the bridge and passed the mill, he arrived at the corner of the
main-street of the little town, and casting a careless look up the
Dublin road, his eye was arrested by a most unexpected spectacle.

This was no other than a column of foot-soldiers, marching with
perfect regularity towards the village, and headed by an officer on
horseback. They were at the far side of the turnpike, which was
closed; but much to his perplexity he perceived that they marched on
through it without appearing to sustain the least check from that

On they came at a slow march; and what was most singular in the matter
was, that they were drawing several cannons along with them; some held
ropes, others spoked the wheels, and others again marched in front of
the guns and behind them, with muskets shouldered, giving a stately
character of parade and regularity to this, as it seemed to Peter,
most unmilitary procedure.

It was owing either to some temporary defect in Peter's vision, or to
some illusion attendant upon mist and moonlight, or perhaps to some
other cause, that the whole procession had a certain waving and
vapoury character which perplexed and tasked his eyes not a little. It
was like the pictured pageant of a phantasmagoria reflected upon
smoke. It was as if every breath disturbed it; sometimes it was
blurred, sometimes obliterated; now here, now there. Sometimes, while
the upper part was quite distinct, the legs of the column would nearly
fade away or vanish outright, and then again they would come out into
clear relief, marching on with measured tread, while the cocked hats
and shoulders grew, as it were, transparent, and all but disappeared.

Notwithstanding these strange optical fluctuations, however, the
column continued steadily to advance. Peter crossed the street from
the corner near the old bridge, running on tiptoe, and with his body
stooped to avoid observation, and took up a position upon the raised
foot-path in the shadow of the houses, where, as the soldiers kept the
middle of the road, he calculated that he might, himself undetected,
see them distinctly enough as they passed.

"What the div----, what on airth," he muttered, checking the
irreligious ejaculation with which he was about to start, for certain
queer misgivings were hovering about his heart, notwithstanding the
factitious courage of the whiskey bottle. "What on airth is the manin'
of all this? is it the French that's landed at last to give us a hand
and help us in airnest to this blessed repale? If it is not them, I
simply ask who the div----, I mane who on airth are they, for such
sogers as them I never seen before in my born days?"

By this time the foremost of them were quite near, and truth to say
they were the queerest soldiers he had ever seen in the course of his
life. They wore long gaiters and leather breeches, three-cornered
hats, bound with silver lace, long blue coats, with scarlet facings
and linings, which latter were shewn by a fastening which held
together the two opposite corners of the skirt behind; and in front
the breasts were in like manner connected at a single point, where and
below which they sloped back, disclosing a long-flapped waistcoat of
snowy whiteness; they had very large, long cross-belts, and wore
enormous pouches of white leather hung extraordinarily low, and on
each of which a little silver star was glittering. But what struck him
as most grotesque and outlandish in their costume was their
extraordinary display of shirt-frill in front, and of ruffle about
their wrists, and the strange manner in which their hair was frizzled
out and powdered under their hats, and clubbed up into great rolls
behind. But one of the party was mounted. He rode a tall white horse,
with high action and arching neck; he had a snow-white feather in his
three-cornered hat, and his coat was shimmering all over with a
profusion of silver lace. From these circumstances Peter concluded
that he must be the commander of the detachment, and examined him as
he passed attentively. He was a slight, tall man, whose legs did not
half fill his leather breeches, and he appeared to be at the wrong
side of sixty. He had a shrunken, weather-beaten, mulberry-coloured
face, carried a large black patch over one eye, and turned neither to
the right nor to the left, but rode on at the head of his men, with a
grim, military inflexibility.

The countenances of these soldiers, officers as well as men, seemed
all full of trouble, and, so to speak, scared and wild. He watched in
vain for a single contented or comely face. They had, one and all, a
melancholy and hang-dog look; and as they passed by, Peter fancied
that the air grew cold and thrilling.

He had seated himself upon a stone bench, from which, staring with all
his might, he gazed upon the grotesque and noiseless procession as it
filed by him. Noiseless it was; he could neither hear the jingle of
accoutrements, the tread of feet, nor the rumble of the wheels; and
when the old colonel turned his horse a little, and made as though he
were giving the word of command, and a trumpeter, with a swollen blue
nose and white feather fringe round his hat, who was walking beside
him, turned about and put his bugle to his lips, still Peter heard
nothing, although it was plain the sound had reached the soldiers, for
they instantly changed their front to three abreast.

"Botheration!" muttered Peter, "is it deaf I'm growing?"

But that could not be, for he heard the sighing of the breeze and the
rush of the neighbouring Liffey plain enough.

"Well," said he, in the same cautious key, "by the piper, this bangs
Banagher fairly! It's either the Frinch army that's in it, come to
take the town iv Chapelizod by surprise, an' makin' no noise for feard
iv wakenin' the inhabitants; or else it's--it's--what it's--somethin'
else. But, tundher-an-ouns, what's gone wid Fitzpatrick's shop across
the way?"

The brown, dingy stone building at the opposite side of the street
looked newer and cleaner than he had been used to see it; the front
door of it stood open, and a sentry, in the same grotesque uniform,
with shouldered musket, was pacing noiselessly to and fro before it.
At the angle of this building, in like manner, a wide gate (of which
Peter had no recollection whatever) stood open, before which, also, a
similar sentry was gliding, and into this gateway the whole column
gradually passed, and Peter finally lost sight of it.

"I'm not asleep; I'm not dhramin'," said he, rubbing his eyes, and
stamping slightly on the pavement, to assure himself that he was wide
awake. "It is a quare business, whatever it is; an' it's not alone
that, but everything about the town looks strange to me. There's
Tresham's house new painted, bedad, an' them flowers in the windies!
An' Delany's house, too, that had not a whole pane of glass in it this
morning, and scarce a slate on the roof of it! It is not possible it's
what it's dhrunk I am. Sure there's the big tree, and not a leaf of it
changed since I passed, and the stars overhead, all right. I don't
think it is in my eyes it is."

And so looking about him, and every moment finding or fancying new
food for wonder, he walked along the pavement, intending, without
further delay, to make his way home.

But his adventures for the night were not concluded. He had nearly
reached the angle of the short lane that leads up to the church, when
for the first time he perceived that an officer, in the uniform he had
just seen, was walking before, only a few yards in advance of him.

The officer was walking along at an easy, swinging gait, and carried
his sword under his arm, and was looking down on the pavement with an
air of reverie.

In the very fact that he seemed unconscious of Peter's presence, and
disposed to keep his reflections to himself, there was something
reassuring. Besides, the reader must please to remember that our hero
had a _quantum sufficit_ of good punch before his adventure commenced,
and was thus fortified against those qualms and terrors under which,
in a more reasonable state of mind, he might not impossibly have sunk.

The idea of the French invasion revived in full power in Peter's
fuddled imagination, as he pursued the nonchalant swagger of the

"Be the powers iv Moll Kelly, I'll ax him what it is," said Peter,
with a sudden accession of rashness. "He may tell me or not, as he
plases, but he can't be offinded, anyhow."

With this reflection having inspired himself, Peter cleared his voice
and began--

"Captain!" said he, "I ax your pardon, captain, an' maybe you'd be so
condescindin' to my ignorance as to tell me, if it's plasin' to yer
honour, whether your honour is not a Frinchman, if it's plasin' to

This he asked, not thinking that, had it been as he suspected, not
one word of his question in all probability would have been
intelligible to the person he addressed. He was, however, understood,
for the officer answered him in English, at the same time slackening
his pace and moving a little to the side of the pathway, as if to
invite his interrogator to take his place beside him.

"No; I am an Irishman," he answered.

"I humbly thank your honour," said Peter, drawing nearer--for the
affability and the nativity of the officer encouraged him--"but maybe
your honour is in the _sarvice_ of the King of France?"

"I serve the same King as you do," he answered, with a sorrowful
significance which Peter did not comprehend at the time; and,
interrogating in turn, he asked, "But what calls you forth at this
hour of the day?"

"The _day_, your honour!--the night, you mane."

"It was always our way to turn night into day, and we keep to it
still," remarked the soldier. "But, no matter, come up here to my
house; I have a job for you, if you wish to earn some money easily. I
live here."

As he said this, he beckoned authoritatively to Peter, who followed
almost mechanically at his heels, and they turned up a little lane
near the old Roman Catholic chapel, at the end of which stood, in
Peter's time, the ruins of a tall, stone-built house.

Like everything else in the town, it had suffered a metamorphosis. The
stained and ragged walls were now erect, perfect, and covered with
pebble-dash; window-panes glittered coldly in every window; the green
hall-door had a bright brass knocker on it. Peter did not know whether
to believe his previous or his present impressions; seeing is
believing, and Peter could not dispute the reality of the scene. All
the records of his memory seemed but the images of a tipsy dream. In
a trance of astonishment and perplexity, therefore, he submitted
himself to the chances of his adventure.

The door opened, the officer beckoned with a melancholy air of
authority to Peter, and entered. Our hero followed him into a sort of
hall, which was very dark, but he was guided by the steps of the
soldier, and, in silence, they ascended the stairs. The moonlight,
which shone in at the lobbies, showed an old, dark wainscoting, and a
heavy, oak banister. They passed by closed doors at different
landing-places, but all was dark and silent as, indeed, became that
late hour of the night.

Now they ascended to the topmost floor. The captain paused for a
minute at the nearest door, and, with a heavy groan, pushing it open,
entered the room. Peter remained at the threshold. A slight female
form in a sort of loose, white robe, and with a great deal of dark
hair hanging loosely about her, was standing in the middle of the
floor, with her back towards them.

The soldier stopped short before he reached her, and said, in a voice
of great anguish, "Still the same, sweet bird--sweet bird! still the
same." Whereupon, she turned suddenly, and threw her arms about the
neck of the officer, with a gesture of fondness and despair, and her
frame was agitated as if by a burst of sobs. He held her close to his
breast in silence; and honest Peter felt a strange terror creep over
him, as he witnessed these mysterious sorrows and endearments.

"To-night, to-night--and then ten years more--ten long years--another
ten years."

The officer and the lady seemed to speak these words together; her
voice mingled with his in a musical and fearful wail, like a distant
summer wind, in the dead hour of night, wandering through ruins. Then
he heard the officer say, alone, in a voice of anguish--

"Upon me be it all, for ever, sweet birdie, upon me."

And again they seemed to mourn together in the same soft and desolate
wail, like sounds of grief heard from a great distance.

Peter was thrilled with horror, but he was also under a strange
fascination; and an intense and dreadful curiosity held him fast.

The moon was shining obliquely into the room, and through the window
Peter saw the familiar slopes of the Park, sleeping mistily under its
shimmer. He could also see the furniture of the room with tolerable
distinctness--the old balloon-backed chairs, a four-post bed in a sort
of recess, and a rack against the wall, from which hung some military
clothes and accoutrements; and the sight of all these homely objects
reassured him somewhat, and he could not help feeling unspeakably
curious to see the face of the girl whose long hair was streaming over
the officer's epaulet.

Peter, accordingly, coughed, at first slightly, and afterward more
loudly, to recall her from her reverie of grief; and, apparently, he
succeeded; for she turned round, as did her companion, and both,
standing hand in hand, gazed upon him fixedly. He thought he had never
seen such large, strange eyes in all his life; and their gaze seemed
to chill the very air around him, and arrest the pulses of his heart.
An eternity of misery and remorse was in the shadowy faces that looked
upon him.

If Peter had taken less whisky by a single thimbleful, it is probable
that he would have lost heart altogether before these figures, which
seemed every moment to assume a more marked and fearful, though hardly
definable, contrast to ordinary human shapes.

"What is it you want with me?" he stammered.

"To bring my lost treasure to the churchyard," replied the lady, in a
silvery voice of more than mortal desolation.

The word "treasure" revived the resolution of Peter, although a cold
sweat was covering him, and his hair was bristling with horror; he
believed, however, that he was on the brink of fortune, if he could
but command nerve to brave the interview to its close.

"And where," he gasped, "is it hid--where will I find it?"

They both pointed to the sill of the window, through which the moon
was shining at the far end of the room, and the soldier said--

"Under that stone."

Peter drew a long breath, and wiped the cold dew from his face,
preparatory to passing to the window, where he expected to secure the
reward of his protracted terrors. But looking steadfastly at the
window, he saw the faint image of a new-born child sitting upon the
sill in the moonlight, with its little arms stretched toward him, and
a smile so heavenly as he never beheld before.

At sight of this, strange to say, his heart entirely failed him, he
looked on the figures that stood near, and beheld them gazing on the
infantine form with a smile so guilty and distorted, that he felt as
if he were entering alive among the scenery of hell, and shuddering,
he cried in an irrepressible agony of horror--

"I'll have nothing to say with you, and nothing to do with you; I
don't know what yez are or what yez want iv me, but let me go this
minute, every one of yez, in the name of God."

With these words there came a strange rumbling and sighing about
Peter's ears; he lost sight of everything, and felt that peculiar and
not unpleasant sensation of falling softly, that sometimes supervenes
in sleep, ending in a dull shock. After that he had neither dream nor
consciousness till he wakened, chill and stiff, stretched between two
piles of old rubbish, among the black and roofless walls of the ruined

We need hardly mention that the village had put on its wonted air of
neglect and decay, or that Peter looked around him in vain for traces
of those novelties which had so puzzled and distracted him upon the
previous night.

"Ay, ay," said his grandmother, removing her pipe, as he ended his
description of the view from the bridge, "sure enough I remember
myself, when I was a slip of a girl, these little white cabins among
the gardens by the river side. The artillery sogers that was married,
or had not room in the barracks, used to be in them, but they're all
gone long ago."

"The Lord be merciful to us!" she resumed, when he had described the
military procession, "it's often I seen the regiment marchin' into the
town, jist as you saw it last night, acushla. Oh, voch, but it makes
my heart sore to think iv them days; they were pleasant times, sure
enough; but is not it terrible, avick, to think it's what it was the
ghost of the rigiment you seen? The Lord betune us an' harm, for it
was nothing else, as sure as I'm sittin' here."

When he mentioned the peculiar physiognomy and figure of the old
officer who rode at the head of the regiment--

"_That_," said the old crone, dogmatically, "was ould Colonel
Grimshaw, the Lord presarve us! he's buried in the churchyard iv
Chapelizod, and well I remember him, when I was a young thing, an' a
cross ould floggin' fellow he was wid the men, an' a devil's boy among
the girls--rest his soul!"

"Amen!" said Peter; "it's often I read his tombstone myself; but he's
a long time dead."

"Sure, I tell you he died when I was no more nor a slip iv a girl--the
Lord betune us and harm!"

"I'm afeard it is what I'm not long for this world myself, afther
seeing such a sight as that," said Peter, fearfully.

"Nonsinse, avourneen," retorted his grandmother, indignantly, though
she had herself misgivings on the subject; "sure there was Phil
Doolan, the ferryman, that seen black Ann Scanlan in his own boat, and
what harm ever kem of it?"

Peter proceeded with his narrative, but when he came to the
description of the house, in which his adventure had had so sinister a
conclusion, the old woman was at fault.

"I know the house and the ould walls well, an' I can remember the time
there was a roof on it, and the doors an' windows in it, but it had a
bad name about being haunted, but by who, or for what, I forget

"Did you ever hear was there goold or silver there?" he inquired.

"No, no, aviek, don't be thinking about the likes; take a fool's
advice, and never go next or near them ugly black walls again the
longest day you have to live; an' I'd take my davy, it's what it's the
same word the priest himself I'd be afther sayin' to you if you wor to
ax his raverence consarnin' it, for it's plain to be seen it was
nothing good you seen there, and there's neither luck nor grace about

Peter's adventure made no little noise in the neighbourhood, as the
reader may well suppose; and a few evenings after it, being on an
errand to old Major Vandeleur, who lived in a snug old-fashioned
house, close by the river, under a perfect bower of ancient trees, he
was called on to relate the story in the parlour.

The Major was, as I have said, an old man; he was small, lean, and
upright, with a mahogany complexion, and a wooden inflexibility of
face; he was a man, besides, of few words, and if _he_ was old, it
follows plainly that his mother was older still. Nobody could guess or
tell _how_ old, but it was admitted that her own generation had long
passed away, and that she had not a competitor left. She had French
blood in her veins, and although she did not retain her charms quite
so well as Ninon de l'Enclos, she was in full possession of all her
mental activity, and talked quite enough for herself and the Major.

"So, Peter," she said, "you have seen the dear, old Royal Irish again
in the streets of Chapelizod. Make him a tumbler of punch, Frank; and
Peter, sit down, and while you take it let us have the story."

Peter accordingly, seated near the door, with a tumbler of the
nectarian stimulant steaming beside him, proceeded with marvellous
courage, considering they had no light but the uncertain glare of the
fire, to relate with minute particularity his awful adventure. The old
lady listened at first with a smile of good-natured incredulity; her
cross-examination touching the drinking-bout at Palmerstown had been
teazing, but as the narrative proceeded she became attentive, and at
length absorbed, and once or twice she uttered ejaculations of pity or
awe. When it was over, the old lady looked with a somewhat sad and
stern abstraction on the table, patting her cat assiduously meanwhile,
and then suddenly looking upon her son, the Major, she said--

"Frank, as sure as I live he has seen the wicked Captain Devereux."[3]

The Major uttered an inarticulate expression of wonder.

[Footnote 3: A prominent figure in _The House by the Churchyard_ has
this name; but his destiny is not the same. [_Ed._]]

"The house was precisely that he has described. I have told you the
story often, as I heard it from your dear grandmother, about the poor
young lady he ruined, and the dreadful suspicion about the little
baby. _She_, poor thing, died in that house heartbroken, and you know
he was shot shortly after in a duel."

This was the only light that Peter ever received respecting his
adventure. It was supposed, however, that he still clung to the hope
that treasure of some sort was hidden about the old house, for he was
often seen lurking about its walls, and at last his fate overtook him,
poor fellow, in the pursuit; for climbing near the summit one day, his
holding gave way, and he fell upon the hard uneven ground, fracturing
a leg and a rib, and after a short interval died, and he, like the
other heroes of these true tales, lies buried in the little churchyard
of Chapelizod.


    Anonymous in the _Dublin University Magazine_ (1869).


A very odd thing happened to my uncle, Mr. Watson, of Haddlestone; and
to enable you to understand it, I must begin at the beginning.

In the year 1822, Mr. James Walshawe, more commonly known as Captain
Walshawe, died at the age of eighty-one years. The Captain in his
early days, and so long as health and strength permitted, was a scamp
of the active, intriguing sort; and spent his days and nights in
sowing his wild oats, of which he seemed to have an inexhaustible
stock. The harvest of this tillage was plentifully interspersed with
thorns, nettles, and thistles, which stung the husbandman
unpleasantly, and did not enrich him.

Captain Walshawe was very well known in the neighbourhood of Wauling,
and very generally avoided there. A "captain" by courtesy, for he had
never reached that rank in the army list. He had quitted the service
in 1766, at the age of twenty-five; immediately previous to which
period his debts had grown so troublesome, that he was induced to
extricate himself by running away with and marrying an heiress.

Though not so wealthy quite as he had imagined, she proved a very
comfortable investment for what remained of his shattered affections;
and he lived and enjoyed himself very much in his old way, upon her
income, getting into no end of scrapes and scandals, and a good deal
of debt and money trouble.

When he married his wife, he was quartered in Ireland, at Clonmel,
where was a nunnery, in which, as pensioner, resided Miss O'Neill, or
as she was called in the country, Peg O'Neill--the heiress of whom I
have spoken.

Her situation was the only ingredient of romance in the affair, for
the young lady was decidedly plain, though good-humoured looking, with
that style of features which is termed _potato_; and in figure she was
a little too plump, and rather short. But she was impressible; and the
handsome young English Lieutenant was too much for her monastic
tendencies, and she eloped.

In England there are traditions of Irish fortune-hunters, and in
Ireland of English. The fact is, it was the vagrant class of each
country that chiefly visited the other in old times; and a handsome
vagabond, whether at home or abroad, I suppose, made the most of his
face, which was also his fortune.

At all events, he carried off the fair one from the sanctuary; and for
some sufficient reason, I suppose, they took up their abode at
Wauling, in Lancashire.

Here the gallant captain amused himself after his fashion, sometimes
running up, of course on business, to London. I believe few wives have
ever cried more in a given time than did that poor, dumpy,
potato-faced heiress, who got over the nunnery garden wall, and
jumped into the handsome Captain's arms, for love.

He spent her income, frightened her out of her wits with oaths and
threats, and broke her heart.

Latterly she shut herself up pretty nearly altogether in her room. She
had an old, rather grim, Irish servant-woman in attendance upon her.
This domestic was tall, lean, and religious, and the Captain knew
instinctively she hated him; and he hated her in return, and often
threatened to put her out of the house, and sometimes even to kick her
out of the window. And whenever a wet day confined him to the house,
or the stable, and he grew tired of smoking, he would begin to swear
and curse at her for a _diddled_ old mischief-maker, that could never
be easy, and was always troubling the house with her cursed stories,
and so forth.

But years passed away, and old Molly Doyle remained still in her
original position. Perhaps he thought that there must be somebody
there, and that he was not, after all, very likely to change for the


He tolerated another intrusion, too, and thought himself a paragon of
patience and easy good-nature for so doing. A Roman Catholic
clergyman, in a long black frock, with a low standing collar, and a
little white muslin fillet round his neck--tall, sallow, with blue
chin, and dark steady eyes--used to glide up and down the stairs, and
through the passages; and the Captain sometimes met him in one place
and sometimes in another. But by a caprice incident to such tempers he
treated this cleric exceptionally, and even with a surly sort of
courtesy, though he grumbled about his visits behind his back.

I do not know that he had a great deal of moral courage, and the
ecclesiastic looked severe and self-possessed; and somehow he thought
he had no good opinion of him, and if a natural occasion were offered,
might say extremely unpleasant things, and hard to be answered.

Well the time came at last, when poor Peg O'Neill--in an evil hour
Mrs. James Walshawe--must cry, and quake, and pray her last. The
doctor came from Penlynden, and was just as vague as usual, but more
gloomy, and for about a week came and went oftener. The cleric in the
long black frock was also daily there. And at last came that last
sacrament in the gates of death, when the sinner is traversing those
dread steps that never can be retraced; when the face is turned for
ever from life, and we see a receding shape, and hear a voice already
irrevocably in the land of spirits.

So the poor lady died; and some people said the Captain "felt it very
much." I don't think he did. But he was not very well just then, and
looked the part of mourner and penitent to admiration--being seedy and
sick. He drank a great deal of brandy and water that night, and called
in Farmer Dobbs, for want of better company, to drink with him; and
told him all his grievances, and how happy he and "the poor lady
up-stairs" might have been, had it not been for liars, and
pick-thanks, and tale-bearers, and the like, who came between
them--meaning Molly Doyle--whom, as he waxed eloquent over his liquor,
he came at last to curse and rail at by name, with more than his
accustomed freedom. And he described his own natural character and
amiability in such moving terms, that he wept maudlin tears of
sensibility over his theme; and when Dobbs was gone, drank some more
grog, and took to railing and cursing again by himself; and then
mounted the stairs unsteadily, to see "what the devil Doyle and the
other ---- old witches were about in poor Peg's room."

When he pushed open the door, he found some half-dozen crones, chiefly
Irish, from the neighbouring town of Hackleton, sitting over tea and
snuff, etc., with candles lighted round the corpse, which was arrayed
in a strangely cut robe of brown serge. She had secretly belonged to
some order--I think the Carmelite, but I am not certain--and wore the
habit in her coffin.

"What the d---- are you doing with my wife?" cried the Captain, rather
thickly. "How dare you dress her up in this ---- trumpery, you--you
cheating old witch; and what's that candle doing in her hand?"

I think he was a little startled, for the spectacle was grisly enough.
The dead lady was arrayed in this strange brown robe, and in her rigid
fingers, as in a socket, with the large wooden beads and cross wound
round it, burned a wax candle, shedding its white light over the sharp
features of the corpse. Moll Doyle was not to be put down by the
Captain, whom she hated, and accordingly, in her phrase, "he got as
good as he gave." And the Captain's wrath waxed fiercer, and he
chucked the wax taper from the dead hand, and was on the point of
flinging it at the old serving-woman's head.

"The holy candle, you sinner!" cried she.

"I've a mind to make you eat it, you beast," cried the Captain.

But I think he had not known before what it was, for he subsided a
little sulkily, and he stuffed his hand with the candle (quite extinct
by this time) into his pocket, and said he--

"You know devilish well you had no business going on with y-y-your
d---- _witch_-craft about my poor wife, without my leave--you do--and
you'll please to take off that d---- brown pinafore, and get her
decently into her coffin, and I'll pitch your devil's waxlight into
the sink."

And the Captain stalked out of the room.

"An' now her poor sowl's in prison, you wretch, be the mains o' ye;
an' may yer own be shut into the wick o' that same candle, till it's
burned out, ye savage."

"I'd have you ducked for a witch, for two-pence," roared the Captain
up the staircase, with his hand on the banisters, standing on the
lobby. But the door of the chamber of death clapped angrily, and he
went down to the parlour, where he examined the holy candle for a
while, with a tipsy gravity, and then with something of that
reverential feeling for the symbolic, which is not uncommon in rakes
and scamps, he thoughtfully locked it up in a press, where were
accumulated all sorts of obsolete rubbish--soiled packs of cards,
disused tobacco-pipes, broken powder-flasks, his military sword, and a
dusky bundle of the "Flash Songster," and other questionable

He did not trouble the dead lady's room any more. Being a volatile man
it is probable that more cheerful plans and occupations began to
entertain his fancy.


So the poor lady was buried decently, and Captain Walshawe reigned
alone for many years at Wauling. He was too shrewd and too experienced
by this time to run violently down the steep hill that leads to ruin.
So there was a method in his madness; and after a widowed career of
more than forty years, he, too, died at last with some guineas in his

Forty years and upwards is a great _edax rerum_, and a wonderful
chemical power. It acted forcibly upon the gay Captain Walshawe. Gout
supervened, and was no more conducive to temper than to enjoyment, and
made his elegant hands lumpy at all the small joints, and turned them
slowly into crippled claws. He grew stout when his exercise was
interfered with, and ultimately almost corpulent. He suffered from
what Mr. Holloway calls "bad legs," and was wheeled about in a great
leathern-backed chair, and his infirmities went on accumulating with
his years.

I am sorry to say, I never heard that he repented, or turned his
thoughts seriously to the future. On the contrary, his talk grew
fouler, and his fun ran upon his favourite sins, and his temper waxed
more truculent. But he did not sink into dotage. Considering his
bodily infirmities, his energies and his malignities, which were many
and active, were marvellously little abated by time. So he went on to
the close. When his temper was stirred, he cursed and swore in a way
that made decent people tremble. It was a word and a blow with him;
the latter, luckily, not very sure now. But he would seize his crutch
and make a swoop or a pound at the offender, or shy his
medicine-bottle, or his tumbler, at his head.

It was a peculiarity of Captain Walshawe, that he, by this time, hated
nearly everybody. My Uncle, Mr. Watson, of Haddlestone, was cousin to
the Captain, and his heir-at-law. But my uncle had lent him money on
mortgage of his estates, and there had been a treaty to sell, and
terms and a price were agreed upon, in "articles" which the lawyers
said were still in force.

I think the ill-conditioned Captain bore him a grudge for being richer
than he, and would have liked to do him an ill turn. But it did not
lie in his way; at least while he was living.

My Uncle Watson was a Methodist, and what they call a "class-leader";
and, on the whole, a very good man. He was now near fifty--grave, as
beseemed his profession--somewhat dry--and a little severe,
perhaps--but a just man.

A letter from the Penlynden doctor reached him at Haddlestone,
announcing the death of the wicked old Captain; and suggesting his
attendance at the funeral, and the expediency of his being on the spot
to look after things at Wauling. The reasonableness of this striking
my good Uncle, he made his journey to the old house in Lancashire
incontinently, and reached it in time for the funeral.

My Uncle, whose traditions of the Captain were derived from his
mother, who remembered him in his slim, handsome youth--in shorts,
cocked-hat and lace, was amazed at the bulk of the coffin which
contained his mortal remains; but the lid being already screwed down,
he did not see the face of the bloated old sinner.


What I relate, I had from the lips of my uncle, who was a truthful
man, and not prone to fancies.

The day turning out awfully rainy and tempestuous, he persuaded the
doctor and the attorney to remain for the night at Wauling.

There was no will--the attorney was sure of that; for the Captain's
enmities were perpetually shifting, and he could never quite make up
his mind, as to how best to give effect to a malignity whose direction
was being constantly modified. He had had instructions for drawing a
will a dozen times over. But the process had always been arrested by
the intending testator.

Search being made, no will was found. The papers, indeed were all
right, with one important exception: the leases were nowhere to be
seen. There were special circumstances connected with several of the
principal tenancies on the estate--unnecessary here to detail--which
rendered the loss of these documents one of very serious moment, and
even of very obvious danger.

My uncle, therefore, searched strenuously. The attorney was at his
elbow, and the doctor helped with a suggestion now and then. The old
serving-man seemed an honest deaf creature, and really knew nothing.

My Uncle Watson was very much perturbed. He fancied--but this possibly
was only fancy--that he had detected for a moment a queer look in the
attorney's face; and from that instant it became fixed in his mind
that he knew all about the leases. Mr. Watson expounded that evening
in the parlour to the doctor, the attorney, and the deaf servant.
Ananias and Sapphira figured in the foreground; and the awful nature
of fraud and theft, or tampering in anywise with the plain rule of
honesty in matters pertaining to estates, etc., were pointedly dwelt
upon; and then came a long and strenuous prayer, in which he entreated
with fervour and aplomb that the hard heart of the sinner who had
abstracted the leases might be softened or broken in such a way as to
lead to their restitution; or that, if he continued reserved and
contumacious, it might at least be the will of Heaven to bring him to
public justice and the documents to light. The fact is, that he was
praying all this time at the attorney.

When these religious exercises were over, the visitors retired to
their rooms, and my Uncle Watson wrote two or three pressing letters
by the fire. When his task was done, it had grown late; the candles
were flaring in their sockets, and all in bed, and, I suppose, asleep,
but he.

The fire was nearly out, he chilly, and the flame of the candles
throbbing strangely in their sockets shed alternate glare and shadow
round the old wainscoted room and its quaint furniture. Outside were
the wild thunder and piping of the storm; and the rattling of distant
windows sounded through the passages, and down the stairs, like angry
people astir in the house.

My Uncle Watson belonged to a sect who by no means reject the
supernatural, and whose founder, on the contrary, has sanctioned
ghosts in the most emphatic way. He was glad therefore to remember,
that in prosecuting his search that day, he had seen some six inches
of wax candle in the press in the parlour; for he had no fancy to be
overtaken by darkness in his present situation. He had no time to
lose; and taking the bunch of keys--of which he was now master--he
soon fitted the lock, and secured the candle--a treasure in his
circumstances; and lighting it, he stuffed it into the socket of one
of the expiring candles, and extinguishing the other, he looked round
the room in the steady light reassured. At the same moment, an
unusually violent gust of the storm blew a handful of gravel against
the parlour window, with a sharp rattle that startled him in the midst
of the roar and hubbub; and the flame of the candle itself was
agitated by the air.


My Uncle walked up to bed, guarding his candle with his hand, for the
lobby windows were rattling furiously, and he disliked the idea of
being left in the dark more than ever.

His bedroom was comfortable, though old-fashioned. He shut and bolted
the door. There was a tall looking-glass opposite the foot of his
four-poster, on the dressing-table between the windows. He tried to
make the curtains meet, but they would not draw; and like many a
gentleman in a like perplexity, he did not possess a pin, nor was
there one in the huge pincushion beneath the glass.

He turned the face of the mirror away therefore, so that its back was
presented to the bed, pulled the curtains together, and placed a chair
against them, to prevent their falling open again. There was a good
fire, and a reinforcement of round coal and wood inside the fender. So
he piled it up to ensure a cheerful blaze through the night, and
placing a little black mahogany table, with the legs of a Satyr,
beside the bed, and his candle upon it, he got between the sheets, and
laid his red night-capped head upon his pillow, and disposed himself
to sleep.

The first thing that made him uncomfortable was a sound at the foot of
his bed, quite distinct in a momentary lull of the storm. It was only
the gentle rustle and rush of the curtains, which fell open again; and
as his eyes opened, he saw them resuming their perpendicular
dependence, and sat up in his bed almost expecting to see something
uncanny in the aperture.

There was nothing, however, but the dressing-table, and other dark
furniture, and the window-curtains faintly undulating in the violence
of the storm. He did not care to get up, therefore--the fire being
bright and cheery--to replace the curtains by a chair, in the position
in which he had left them, anticipating possibly a new recurrence of
the relapse which had startled him from his incipient doze.

So he got to sleep in a little while again, but he was disturbed by a
sound, as he fancied, at the table on which stood the candle. He could
not say what it was, only that he wakened with a start, and lying so
in some amaze, he did distinctly hear a sound which startled him a
good deal, though there was nothing necessarily supernatural in it. He
described it as resembling what would occur if you fancied a thinnish
table-leaf, with a convex warp in it, depressed the reverse way, and
suddenly with a spring recovering its natural convexity. It was a
loud, sudden thump, which made the heavy candlestick jump, and there
was an end, except that my uncle did not get again into a doze for ten
minutes at least.

The next time he awoke, it was in that odd, serene way that sometimes
occurs. We open our eyes, we know not why, quite placidly, and are on
the instant wide awake. He had had a nap of some duration this time,
for his candle-flame was fluttering and flaring, _in articulo_, in the
silver socket. But the fire was still bright and cheery; so he popped
the extinguisher on the socket, and almost at the same time there came
a tap at his door, and a sort of crescendo "hush-sh-sh!" Once more my
Uncle was sitting up, scared and perturbed, in his bed. He
recollected, however, that he had bolted his door; and such inveterate
materialists are we in the midst of our spiritualism, that this
reassured him, and he breathed a deep sigh, and began to grow
tranquil. But after a rest of a minute or two, there came a louder and
sharper knock at his door; so that instinctively he called out, "Who's
there?" in a loud, stern key. There was no sort of response, however.
The nervous effect of the start subsided; and I think my uncle must
have remembered how constantly, especially on a stormy night, these
creaks or cracks which simulate all manner of goblin noises, make
themselves naturally audible.


After a while, then, he lay down with his back turned toward that side
of the bed at which was the door, and his face toward the table on
which stood the massive old candlestick, capped with its extinguisher,
and in that position he closed his eyes. But sleep would not revisit
them. All kinds of queer fancies began to trouble him--some of them I

He felt the point of a finger, he averred, pressed most distinctly on
the tip of his great toe, as if a living hand were between his sheets,
and making a sort of signal of attention or silence. Then again he
felt something as large as a rat make a sudden bounce in the middle of
his bolster, just under his head. Then a voice said "Oh!" very gently,
close at the back of his head. All these things he felt certain of,
and yet investigation led to nothing. He felt odd little cramps
stealing now and then about him; and then, on a sudden, the middle
finger of his right hand was plucked backwards, with a light playful
jerk that frightened him awfully.

Meanwhile the storm kept singing, and howling, and ha-ha-hooing
hoarsely among the limbs of the old trees and the chimney-pots; and my
Uncle Watson, although he prayed and meditated as was his wont when he
lay awake, felt his heart throb excitedly, and sometimes thought he
was beset with evil spirits, and at others that he was in the early
stage of a fever.

He resolutely kept his eyes closed, however, and, like St. Paul's
shipwrecked companions, wished for the day. At last another little
doze seems to have stolen upon his senses, for he awoke quietly and
completely as before--opening his eyes all at once, and seeing
everything as if he had not slept for a moment.

The fire was still blazing redly--nothing uncertain in the light--the
massive silver candlestick, topped with its tall extinguisher, stood
on the centre of the black mahogany table as before; and, looking by
what seemed a sort of accident to the apex of this, he beheld
something which made him quite misdoubt the evidence of his eyes.

He saw the extinguisher lifted by a tiny hand, from beneath, and a
small human face, no bigger than a thumb-nail, with nicely
proportioned features peep from beneath it. In this Lilliputian
countenance was such a ghastly consternation as horrified my Uncle
unspeakably. Out came a little foot then and there, and a pair of wee
legs, in short silk stockings and buckled shoes, then the rest of the
figure; and, with the arms holding about the socket, the little legs
stretched and stretched, hanging about the stem of the candlestick
till the feet reached the base, and so down the Satyr-like leg of the
table, till they reached the floor, extending elastically, and
strangely enlarging in all proportions as they approached the ground,
where the feet and buckles were those of a well-shaped, full grown
man, and the figure tapering upward until it dwindled to its original
fairy dimensions at the top, like an object seen in some strangely
curved mirror.

Standing upon the floor he expanded, my amazed uncle could not tell
how, into his proper proportions; and stood pretty nearly in profile
at the bedside, a handsome and elegantly shaped young man, in a bygone
military costume, with a small laced, three-cocked hat and plume on
his head, but looking like a man going to be hanged--in unspeakable

He stepped lightly to the hearth, and turned for a few seconds very
dejectedly with his back toward the bed and the mantelpiece, and he
saw the hilt of his rapier glittering in the firelight; and then
walking across the room he placed himself at the dressing-table,
visible through the divided curtains at the foot of the bed. The fire
was blazing still so brightly that my uncle saw him as distinctly as
if half a dozen candles were burning.


The looking-glass was an old-fashioned piece of furniture, and had a
drawer beneath it. My Uncle had searched it carefully for the papers
in the daytime; but the silent figure pulled the drawer quite out,
pressed a spring at the side, disclosing a false receptacle behind it,
and from this he drew a parcel of papers tied together with pink tape.

All this time my Uncle was staring at him in a horrified state,
neither winking nor breathing, and the apparition had not once given
the smallest intimation of consciousness that a living person was in
the same room. But now, for the first time, it turned its livid stare
full upon my Uncle with a hateful smile of significance, lifting up
the little parcel of papers between his slender finger and thumb. Then
he made a long, cunning wink at him, and seemed to blow out one of his
cheeks in a burlesque grimace, which, but for the horrific
circumstances, would have been ludicrous. My Uncle could not tell
whether this was really an intentional distortion or only one of those
horrid ripples and deflections which were constantly disturbing the
proportions of the figure, as if it were seen through some unequal and
perverting medium.

The figure now approached the bed, seeming to grow exhausted and
malignant as it did so. My Uncle's terror nearly culminated at this
point, for he believed it was drawing near him with an evil purpose.
But it was not so; for the soldier, over whom twenty years seemed to
have passed in his brief transit to the dressing-table and back again,
threw himself into a great high-backed arm-chair of stuffed leather at
the far side of the fire, and placed his heels on the fender. His
feet and legs seemed indistinctly to swell, and swathings showed
themselves round them, and they grew into something enormous, and the
upper figure swayed and shaped itself into corresponding proportions,
a great mass of corpulence, with a cadaverous and malignant face, and
the furrows of a great old age, and colourless glassy eyes; and with
these changes, which came indefinitely but rapidly as those of a
sunset cloud, the fine regimentals faded away, and a loose, gray,
woollen drapery, somehow, was there in its stead; and all seemed to be
stained and rotten, for swarms of worms seemed creeping in and out,
while the figure grew paler and paler, till my Uncle, who liked his
pipe, and employed the simile naturally, said the whole effigy grew to
the colour of tobacco ashes, and the clusters of worms into little
wriggling knots of sparks such as we see running over the residuum of
a burnt sheet of paper. And so with the strong draught caused by the
fire, and the current of air from the window, which was rattling in
the storm, the feet seemed to be drawn into the fireplace, and the
whole figure, light as ashes, floated away with them, and disappeared
with a whisk up the capacious old chimney.

It seemed to my Uncle that the fire suddenly darkened and the air grew
icy cold, and there came an awful roar and riot of tempest, which
shook the old house from top to base, and sounded like the yelling of
a blood-thirsty mob on receiving a new and long-expected victim.

Good Uncle Watson used to say, "I have been in many situations of fear
and danger in the course of my life, but never did I pray with so much
agony before or since; for then, as now, it was clear beyond a cavil
that I had actually beheld the phantom of an evil spirit."


Now there are two curious circumstances to be observed in this
relation of my Uncle's, who was, as I have said, a perfectly veracious

First--The wax candle which he took from the press in the parlour and
burnt at his bedside on that horrible night was unquestionably,
according to the testimony of the old deaf servant, who had been fifty
years at Wauling, that identical piece of "holy candle" which had
stood in the fingers of the poor lady's corpse, and concerning which
the old Irish crone, long since dead, had delivered the curious curse
I have mentioned against the Captain.

Secondly--Behind the drawer under the looking-glass, he did actually
discover a second but secret drawer, in which were concealed the
identical papers which he had suspected the attorney of having made
away with. There were circumstances, too, afterwards disclosed which
convinced my Uncle that the old man had deposited them there
preparatory to burning them, which he had nearly made up his mind to

Now, a very remarkable ingredient in this tale of my Uncle Watson was
this, that so far as my father, who had never seen Captain Walshawe in
the course of his life, could gather, the phantom had exhibited a
horrible and grotesque, but unmistakeable resemblance to that defunct
scamp in the various stages of his long life.

Wauling was sold in the year 1837, and the old house shortly after
pulled down, and a new one built nearer to the river. I often wonder
whether it was rumoured to be haunted, and, if so, what stories were
current about it. It was a commodious and stanch old house, and withal
rather handsome; and its demolition was certainly suspicious.


     Anonymous in _All the Year Round_ (1872). The theme
     occurs first in "The Fortunes of Sir Robert Ardagh"
     (_Dublin University Magazine_, 1838), reprinted in the
     _Purcell Papers_. It is varied and elaborated in "The
     Haunted Baronet" (_Chronicles of Golden Friars_, vols.
     i. ii.).

In the early autumn of the year 1838, business called me to the south
of Ireland. The weather was delightful, the scenery and people were
new to me, and sending my luggage on by the mail-coach route in charge
of a servant, I hired a serviceable nag at a posting-house, and, full
of the curiosity of an explorer, I commenced a leisurely journey of
five-and-twenty miles on horseback, by sequestered cross-roads, to my
place of destination. By bog and hill, by plain and ruined castle, and
many a winding stream, my picturesque road led me.

I had started late, and having made little more than half my journey,
I was thinking of making a short halt at the next convenient place,
and letting my horse have a rest and a feed, and making some provision
also for the comforts of his rider.

It was about four o'clock when the road, ascending a gradual steep,
found a passage through a rocky gorge between the abrupt termination
of a range of mountain to my left and a rocky hill, that rose dark and
sudden at my right. Below me lay a little thatched village, under a
long line of gigantic beech-trees, through the boughs of which the
lowly chimneys sent up their thin turf-smoke. To my left, stretched
away for miles, ascending the mountain range I have mentioned, a wild
park, through whose sward and ferns the rock broke, time-worn and
lichen-stained. This park was studded with straggling wood, which
thickened to something like a forest, behind and beyond the little
village I was approaching, clothing the irregular ascent of the
hillsides with beautiful, and in some places discoloured foliage.

As you descend, the road winds slightly, with the grey park-wall,
built of loose stone, and mantled here and there with ivy, at its
left, and crosses a shallow ford; and as I approached the village,
through breaks in the woodlands, I caught glimpses of the long front
of an old ruined house, placed among the trees, about half-way up the
picturesque mountain-side.

The solitude and melancholy of this ruin piqued my curiosity, and when
I had reached the rude thatched public-house, with the sign of St.
Columbkill, with robes, mitre, and crozier displayed over its lintel,
having seen to my horse and made a good meal myself on a rasher and
eggs, I began to think again of the wooded park and the ruinous house,
and resolved on a ramble of half an hour among its sylvan solitudes.

The name of the place, I found, was Dunoran; and beside the gate a
stile admitted to the grounds, through which, with a pensive
enjoyment, I began to saunter towards the dilapidated mansion.

A long grass-grown road, with many turns and windings, led up to the
old house, under the shadow of the wood.

The road, as it approached the house skirted the edge of a precipitous
glen, clothed with hazel, dwarf-oak, and thorn, and the silent house
stood with its wide-open hall-door facing this dark ravine, the
further edge of which was crowned with towering forest; and great
trees stood about the house and its deserted courtyard and stables.

I walked in and looked about me, through passages overgrown with
nettles and weeds; from room to room with ceilings rotted, and here
and there a great beam dark and worn, with tendrils of ivy trailing
over it. The tall walls with rotten plaster were stained and mouldy,
and in some rooms the remains of decayed wainscoting crazily swung to
and fro. The almost sashless windows were darkened also with ivy, and
about the tall chimneys the jackdaws were wheeling, while from the
huge trees that overhung the glen in sombre masses at the other side,
the rooks kept up a ceaseless cawing.

As I walked through these melancholy passages--peeping only into some
of the rooms, for the flooring was quite gone in the middle, and bowed
down toward the centre, and the house was very nearly un-roofed, a
state of things which made the exploration a little critical--I began
to wonder why so grand a house, in the midst of scenery so
picturesque, had been permitted to go to decay; I dreamed of the
hospitalities of which it had long ago been the rallying place, and I
thought what a scene of Redgauntlet revelries it might disclose at

The great staircase was of oak, which had stood the weather
wonderfully, and I sat down upon its steps, musing vaguely on the
transitoriness of all things under the sun.

Except for the hoarse and distant clamour of the rooks, hardly audible
where I sat, no sound broke the profound stillness of the spot. Such a
sense of solitude I have seldom experienced before. The air was
stirless, there was not even the rustle of a withered leaf along the
passage. It was oppressive. The tall trees that stood close about the
building darkened it, and added something of awe to the melancholy of
the scene.

In this mood I heard, with an unpleasant surprise, close to me, a
voice that was drawling, and, I fancied, sneering, repeat the words:
"Food for worms, dead and rotten; God over all."

There was a small window in the wall, here very thick, which had been
built up, and in the dark recess of this, deep in the shadow, I now
saw a sharp-featured man, sitting with his feet dangling. His keen
eyes were fixed on me, and he was smiling cynically, and before I had
well recovered my surprise, he repeated the distich:

"If death was a thing that money could buy,
The rich they would live, and the poor they would die.

"It was a grand house in its day, sir," he continued, "Dunoran House,
and the Sarsfields. Sir Dominick Sarsfield was the last of the old
stock. He lost his life not six foot away from where you are sitting."

As he thus spoke he let himself down, with a little jump, on to the

He was a dark-faced, sharp-featured, little hunchback, and had a
walking-stick in his hand, with the end of which he pointed to a rusty
stain in the plaster of the wall.

"Do you mind that mark, sir?" he asked.

"Yes," I said, standing up, and looking at it, with a curious
anticipation of something worth hearing.

"That's about seven or eight feet from the ground, sir, and you'll not
guess what it is."

"I dare say not," said I, "unless it is a stain from the weather."

"'Tis nothing so lucky, sir," he answered, with the same cynical smile
and a wag of his head, still pointing at the mark with his stick.
"That's a splash of brains and blood. It's there this hundhred years;
and it will never leave it while the wall stands."

"He was murdered, then?"

"Worse than that, sir," he answered.

"He killed himself, perhaps?"

"Worse than that, itself, this cross between us and harm! I'm oulder
than I look, sir; you wouldn't guess my years."

He became silent, and looked at me, evidently inviting a guess.

"Well, I should guess you to be about five-and-fifty."

He laughed, and took a pinch of snuff, and said:

"I'm that, your honour, and something to the back of it. I was seventy
last Candlemas. You would not a' thought that, to look at me."

"Upon my word I should not; I can hardly believe it even now. Still,
you don't remember Sir Dominick Sarsfield's death?" I said, glancing
up at the ominous stain on the wall.

"No, sir, that was a long while before I was born. But my grandfather
was butler here long ago, and many a time I heard tell how Sir
Dominick came by his death. There was no masther in the great house
ever sinst that happened. But there was two sarvants in care of it,
and my aunt was one o' them; and she kep' me here wid her till I was
nine year old, and she was lavin' the place to go to Dublin; and from
that time it was let to go down. The wind sthript the roof, and the
rain rotted the timber, and little by little, in sixty years' time, it
kem to what you see. But I have a likin' for it still, for the sake
of ould times; and I never come this way but I take a look in. I don't
think it's many more times I'll be turnin' to see the ould place, for
I'll be undher the sod myself before long."

"You'll outlive younger people," I said.

And, quitting that trite subject, I ran on:

"I don't wonder that you like this old place; it is a beautiful spot,
such noble trees."

"I wish ye seen the glin when the nuts is ripe; they're the sweetest
nuts in all Ireland, I think," he rejoined, with a practical sense of
the picturesque. "You'd fill your pockets while you'd be lookin' about

"These are very fine old woods," I remarked. "I have not seen any in
Ireland I thought so beautiful."

"Eiah! your honour, the woods about here is nothing to what they wor.
Al the mountains along here was wood when my father was a gossoon, and
Murroa Wood was the grandest of them all. All oak mostly, and all cut
down as bare as the road. Not one left here that's fit to compare with
them. Which way did your honour come hither--from Limerick?"

"No. Killaloe."

"Well, then, you passed the ground where Murroa Wood was in former
times. You kem undher Lisnavourra, the steep knob of a hill about a
mile above the village here. 'Twas near that Murroa Wood was, and
'twas there Sir Dominick Sarsfield first met the devil, the Lord
between us and harm, and a bad meeting it was for him and his."

I had become interested in the adventure which had occurred in the
very scenery which had so greatly attracted me, and my new
acquaintance, the little hunchback, was easily entreated to tell me
the story, and spoke thus, so soon as we had each resumed his seat:

"It was a fine estate when Sir Dominick came into it; and grand doings
there was entirely, feasting and fiddling, free quarters for all the
pipers in the counthry round, and a welcome for every one that liked
to come. There was wine, by the hogshead, for the quality; and potteen
enough to set a town a-fire, and beer and cidher enough to float a
navy, for the boys and girls, and the likes o' me. It was kep' up the
best part of a month, till the weather broke, and the rain spoilt the
sod for the moneen jigs, and the fair of Allybally Killudeen comin' on
they wor obliged to give over their divarsion, and attind to the pigs.

But Sir Dominick was only beginnin' when they wor lavin' off. There
was no way of gettin' rid of his money and estates he did not
try--what with drinkin', dicin', racin', cards, and all soarts, it was
not many years before the estates wor in debt, and Sir Dominick a
distressed man. He showed a bold front to the world as long as he
could; and then he sould off his dogs, and most of his horses, and gev
out he was going to thravel in France, and the like; and so off with
him for awhile; and no one in these parts heard tale or tidings of him
for two or three years. Till at last quite unexpected, one night there
comes a rapping at the big kitchen window. It was past ten o'clock,
and old Connor Hanlon, the butler, my grandfather, was sittin' by the
fire alone, warming his shins over it. There was keen east wind
blowing along the mountains that night, and whistling cowld enough,
through the tops of the trees, and soundin' lonesome through the long

(And the story-teller glanced up at the nearest stack visible from his

So he wasn't quite sure of the knockin' at the window, and up he gets,
and sees his master's face.

My grandfather was glad to see him safe, for it was a long time since
there was any news of him; but he was sorry, too, for it was a changed
place and only himself and old Juggy Broadrick in charge of the house,
and a man in the stables, and it was a poor thing to see him comin'
back to his own like that.

He shook Con by the hand, and says he:

"I came here to say a word to you. I left my horse with Dick in the
stable; I may want him again before morning, or I may never want him."

And with that he turns into the big kitchen, and draws a stool, and
sits down to take an air of the fire.

"Sit down, Connor, opposite me, and listen to what I tell you, and
don't be afeard to say what you think."

He spoke all the time lookin' into the fire, with his hands stretched
over it, and a tired man he looked.

"An' why should I be afeard, Masther Dominick?" says my grandfather.
"Yourself was a good masther to me, and so was your father, rest his
sould, before you, and I'll say the truth, and dar' the devil, and
more than that, for any Sarsfield of Dunoran, much less yourself, and
a good right I'd have."

"It's all over with me, Con," says Sir Dominick.

"Heaven forbid!" says my grandfather.

"'Tis past praying for," says Sir Dominick. "The last guinea's gone;
the ould place will follow it. It must be sold, and I'm come here, I
don't know why, like a ghost to have a last look round me, and go off
in the dark again."

And with that he tould him to be sure, in case he should hear of his
death, to give the oak box, in the closet off his room, to his cousin,
Pat Sarsfield, in Dublin, and the sword and pistols his grandfather
carried in Aughrim, and two or three thrifling things of the kind.

And says he, "Con, they say if the divil gives you money overnight,
you'll find nothing but a bagful of pebbles, and chips, and nutshells,
in the morning. If I thought he played fair, I'm in the humour to make
a bargain with him to-night."

"Lord forbid!" says my grandfather, standing up, with a start and
crossing himself.

"They say the country's full of men, listin' sogers for the King o'
France. If I light on one o' them, I'll not refuse his offer. How
contrary things goes! How long is it since me an Captain Waller fought
the jewel at New Castle?"

"Six years, Masther Dominick, and ye broke his thigh with the bullet
the first shot."

"I did, Con," says he, "and I wish, instead, he had shot me through
the heart. Have you any whisky?"

My grandfather took it out of the buffet, and the masther pours out
some into a bowl, and drank it off.

"I'll go out and have a look at my horse," says he, standing up. There
was sort of a stare in his eyes, as he pulled his riding-cloak about
him, as if there was something bad in his thoughts.

"Sure, I won't be a minute running out myself to the stable, and
looking after the horse for you myself," says my grandfather.

"I'm not goin' to the stable," says Sir Dominick; "I may as well tell
you, for I see you found it out already--I'm goin' across the
deer-park; if I come back you'll see me in an hour's time. But,
anyhow, you'd better not follow me, for if you do I'll shoot you, and
that 'id be a bad ending to our friendship."

And with that he walks down this passage here, and turns the key in
the side door at that end of it, and out wid him on the sod into the
moonlight and the cowld wind; and my grandfather seen him walkin'
hard towards the park-wall, and then he comes in and closes the door
with a heavy heart.

Sir Dominick stopped to think when he got to the middle of the
deer-park, for he had not made up his mind, when he left the house,
and the whisky did not clear his head, only it gev him courage.

He did not feel the cowld wind now, nor fear death, nor think much of
anything but the shame and fall of the old family.

And he made up his mind, if no better thought came to him between that
and there, so soon as he came to Murroa Wood, he'd hang himself from
one of the oak branches with his cravat.

It was a bright moonlight night, there was just a bit of a cloud
driving across the moon now and then, but, only for that, as light
a'most as day.

Down he goes, right for the wood of Murroa. It seemed to him every
step he took was as long as three, and it was no time till he was
among the big oak-trees with their roots spreading from one to
another, and their branches stretching overhead like the timbers of a
naked roof, and the moon shining down through them, and casting their
shadows thick and twist abroad on the ground as black as my shoe.

He was sobering a bit by this time, and he slacked his pace, and he
thought 'twould be better to list in the French king's army, and thry
what that might do for him, for he knew a man might take his own life
any time, but it would puzzle him to take it back again when he liked.

Just as he made up his mind not to make away with himself, what should
he hear but a step clinkin' along the dry ground under the trees, and
soon he sees a grand gentleman right before him comin' up to meet

He was a handsome young man like himself, and he wore a cocked-hat
with gold-lace round it, such as officers wears on their coats, and he
had on a dress the same as French officers wore in them times.

He stopped opposite Sir Dominick, and he cum to a standstill also.

The two gentlemen took off their hats to one another, and says the

"I am recruiting, sir," says he, "for my sovereign, and you'll find my
money won't turn into pebbles, chips, and nutshells, by to-morrow."

At the same time he pulls out a big purse full of gold.

The minute he set eyes on that gentleman, Sir Dominick had his own
opinion of him; and at those words he felt the very hair standing up
on his head.

"Don't be afraid," says he, "the money won't burn you. If it proves
honest gold, and if it prospers with you, I'm willing to make a
bargain. This is the last day of February," says he; "I'll serve you
seven years, and at the end of that time you shall serve me, and I'll
come for you when the seven years is over, when the clock turns the
minute between February and March; and the first of March ye'll come
away with me, or never. You'll not find me a bad master, any more than
a bad servant. I love my own; and I command all the pleasures and the
glory of the world. The bargain dates from this day, and the lease is
out at midnight on the last day I told you; and in the year"--he told
him the year, it was easy reckoned, but I forget it--"and if you'd
rather wait," he says, "for eight months and twenty eight days, before
you sign the writin', you may, if you meet me here. But I can't do a
great deal for you in the mean time; and if you don't sign then, all
you get from me, up to that time, will vanish away, and you'll be just
as you are to-night, and ready to hang yourself on the first tree you

Well, the end of it was, Sir Dominick chose to wait, and he came back
to the house with a big bag full of money, as round as your hat

My grandfather was glad enough, you may be sure, to see the master
safe and sound again so soon. Into the kitchen he bangs again, and
swings the bag o' money on the table; and he stands up straight, and
heaves up his shoulders like a man that has just got shut of a load;
and he looks at the bag, and my grandfather looks at him, and from him
to it, and back again. Sir Dominick looked as white as a sheet, and
says he:

"I don't know, Con, what's in it; it's the heaviest load I ever

He seemed shy of openin' the bag; and he made my grandfather heap up a
roaring fire of turf and wood, and then, at last, he opens it, and,
sure enough, 'twas stuffed full o' golden guineas, bright and new, as
if they were only that minute out o' the Mint.

Sir Dominick made my grandfather sit at his elbow while he counted
every guinea in the bag.

When he was done countin', and it wasn't far from daylight when that
time came, Sir Dominick made my grandfather swear not to tell a word
about it. And a close secret it was for many a day after.

When the eight months and twenty-eight days were pretty near spent and
ended, Sir Dominick returned to the house here with a troubled mind,
in doubt what was best to be done, and no one alive but my grandfather
knew anything about the matter, and he not half what had happened.

As the day drew near, towards the end of October, Sir Dominick grew
only more and more troubled in mind.

One time he made up his mind to have no more to say to such things,
nor to speak again with the like of them he met with in the wood of
Murroa. Then, again, his heart failed him when he thought of his
debts, and he not knowing where to turn. Then, only a week before the
day, everything began to go wrong with him. One man wrote from London
to say that Sir Dominick paid three thousand pounds to the wrong man,
and must pay it over again; another demanded a debt he never heard of
before; and another, in Dublin, denied the payment of a thundherin'
big bill, and Sir Dominick could nowhere find the receipt, and so on,
wid fifty other things as bad.

Well, by the time the night of the 28th of October came round, he was
a'most ready to lose his senses with all the demands that was risin'
up again him on all sides, and nothing to meet them but the help of
the one dhreadful friend he had to depind on at night in the oak-wood
down there below.

So there was nothing for it but to go through with the business that
was begun already, and about the same hour as he went last, he takes
off the little crucifix he wore round his neck, for he was a Catholic,
and his gospel, and his bit o' the thrue cross that he had in a
locket, for since he took the money from the Evil One he was growin'
frightful in himself, and got all he could to guard him from the power
of the devil. But to-night, for his life, he daren't take them with
him. So he gives them into my grandfather's hands without a word, only
he looked as white as a sheet o' paper; and he takes his hat and
sword, and telling my grandfather to watch for him, away he goes, to
try what would come of it.

It was a fine still night, and the moon--not so bright, though, now as
the first time--was shinin' over heath and rock, and down on the
lonesome oak-wood below him.

His heart beat thick as he drew near it. There was not a sound, not
even the distant bark of a dog from the village behind him. There was
not a lonesomer spot in the country round, and if it wasn't for his
debts and losses that was drivin' him on half mad, in spite of his
fears for his soul and his hopes of paradise, and all his good angel
was whisperin' in his ear, he would a' turned back, and sent for his
clargy, and made his confession and his penance, and changed his ways,
and led a good life, for he was frightened enough to have done a great

Softer and slower he stept as he got, once more, in undher the big
branches of the oak-threes; and when he got in a bit, near where he
met with the bad spirit before, he stopped and looked round him, and
felt himself, every bit, turning as cowld as a dead man, and you may
be sure he did not feel much betther when he seen the same man
steppin' from behind the big tree that was touchin' his elbow a'most.

"You found the money good," says he, "but it was not enough. No
matter, you shall have enough and to spare. I'll see after your luck,
and I'll give you a hint whenever it can serve you; and any time you
want to see me you have only to come down here, and call my face to
mind, and wish me present. You shan't owe a shilling by the end of the
year, and you shall never miss the right card, the best throw, and the
winning horse. Are you willing?"

The young gentleman's voice almost stuck in his throat, and his hair
was rising on his head, but he did get out a word or two to signify
that he consented; and with that the Evil One handed him a needle, and
bid him give him three drops of blood from his arm; and he took them
in the cup of an acorn, and gave him a pen, and bid him write some
words that he repeated, and that Sir Dominick did not understand, on
two thin slips of parchment. He took one himself and the other he sunk
in Sir Dominick's arm at the place where he drew the blood, and he
closed the flesh over it. And that's as true as you're sittin' there!

Well, Sir Dominick went home. He was a frightened man, and well he
might be. But in a little time he began to grow aisier in his mind.
Anyhow, he got out of debt very quick, and money came tumbling in to
make him richer, and everything he took in hand prospered, and he
never made a wager, or played a game, but he won; and for all that,
there was not a poor man on the estate that was not happier than Sir

So he took again to his old ways; for, when the money came back, all
came back, and there were hounds and horses, and wine galore, and no
end of company, and grand doin's, and divarsion, up here at the great
house. And some said Sir Dominick was thinkin' of gettin' married; and
more said he wasn't. But, anyhow, there was somethin' troublin' him
more than common, and so one night, unknownst to all, away he goes to
the lonesome oak-wood. It was something, maybe, my grandfather thought
was troublin' him about a beautiful young lady he was jealous of, and
mad in love with her. But that was only guess.

Well, when Sir Dominick got into the wood this time, he grew more in
dread than ever; and he was on the point of turnin' and lavin' the
place, when who should he see, close beside him, but my gentleman,
seated on a big stone undher one of the trees. In place of looking the
fine young gentleman in goold lace and grand clothes he appeared
before, he was now in rags, he looked twice the size he had been, and
his face smutted with soot, and he had a murtherin' big steel hammer,
as heavy as a halfhundred, with a handle a yard long, across his
knees. It was so dark under the tree, he did not see him quite clear
for some time.

He stood up, and he looked awful tall entirely. And what passed
between them in that discourse my grandfather never heered. But Sir
Dominick was as black as night afterwards, and hadn't a laugh for
anything nor a word a'most for any one, and he only grew worse and
worse, and darker and darker. And now this thing, whatever it was,
used to come to him of its own accord, whether he wanted it or no;
sometimes in one shape, and sometimes in another, in lonesome places,
and sometimes at his side by night when he'd be ridin' home alone,
until at last he lost heart altogether and sent for the priest.

The priest was with him a long time, and when he heered the whole
story, he rode off all the way for the bishop, and the bishop came
here to the great house next day, and he gev Sir Dominick a good
advice. He toult him he must give over dicin', and swearin', and
drinkin', and all bad company, and live a vartuous steady life until
the seven years bargain was out, and if the divil didn't come for him
the minute afther the stroke of twelve the first morning of the month
of March, he was safe out of the bargain. There was not more than
eight or ten months to run now before the seven years wor out, and he
lived all the time according to the bishop's advice, as strict as if
he was "in retreat."

Well, you may guess he felt quare enough when the mornin' of the 28th
of February came.

The priest came up by appointment, and Sir Dominick and his raverence
wor together in the room you see there, and kep' up their prayers
together till the clock struck twelve, and a good hour after, and not
a sign of a disturbance, nor nothing came near them, and the priest
slep' that night in the house in the room next Sir Dominick's, and all
went over as comfortable as could be, and they shook hands and kissed
like two comrades after winning a battle.

So, now, Sir Dominick thought he might as well have a pleasant
evening, after all his fastin' and praying; and he sent round to half
a dozen of the neighbouring gentlemen to come and dine with him, and
his raverence stayed and dined also, and a roarin' bowl o' punch they
had, and no end o' wine, and the swearin' and dice, and cards and
guineas changing hands, and songs and stories, that wouldn't do any
one good to hear, and the priest slipped away, when he seen the turn
things was takin', and it was not far from the stroke of twelve when
Sir Dominick, sitting at the head of his table, swears, "this is the
best first of March I ever sat down with my friends."

"It ain't the first o' March," says Mr. Hiffernan of Ballyvoreen. He
was a scholard, and always kep' an almanack.

"What is it, then?" says Sir Dominick, startin' up, and dhroppin' the
ladle into the bowl, and starin' at him as if he had two heads.

"'Tis the twenty-ninth of February, leap year," says he. And just as
they were talkin', the clock strikes twelve; and my grandfather, who
was half asleep in a chair by the fire in the hall, openin' his eyes,
sees a short square fellow with a cloak on, and long black hair
bushin' out from under his hat, standin' just there where you see the
bit o' light shinin' again' the wall.

(My hunchbacked friend pointed with his stick to a little patch of red
sunset light that relieved the deepening shadow of the passage.)

"Tell your master," says he, in an awful voice, like the growl of a
baist, "that I'm here by appointment, and expect him down-stairs this

Up goes my grandfather, by these very steps you are sittin' on.

"Tell him I can't come down yet," says Sir Dominick, and he turns to
the company in the room, and says he with a cold sweat shinin' on his
face, "for God's sake, gentlemen, will any of you jump from the window
and bring the priest here?" One looked at another and no one knew what
to make of it, and in the mean time, up comes my grandfather again,
and says he, tremblin', "He says, sir, unless you go down to him,
he'll come up to you."

"I don't understand this, gentlemen, I'll see what it means," says Sir
Dominick, trying to put a face on it, and walkin' out o' the room like
a man through the press-room, with the hangman waitin' for him
outside. Down the stairs he comes, and two or three of the gentlemen
peeping over the banisters, to see. My grandfather was walking six or
eight steps behind him, and he seen the stranger take a stride out to
meet Sir Dominick, and catch him up in his arms, and whirl his head
against the wall, and wi' that the hall-doore flies open, and out goes
the candles, and the turf and wood-ashes flyin' with the wind out o'
the hall-fire, ran in a drift o' sparks along the floore by his feet.

Down runs the gintlemen. Bang goes the hall-doore. Some comes runnin'
up, and more runnin' down, with lights. It was all over with Sir
Dominick. They lifted up the corpse, and put its shoulders again' the
wall; but there was not a gasp left in him. He was cowld and
stiffenin' already.

Pat Donovan was comin' up to the great house late that night and after
he passed the little brook, that the carriage track up to the house
crosses, and about fifty steps to this side of it, his dog, that was
by his side, makes a sudden wheel, and springs over the wall, and sets
up a yowlin' inside you'd hear a mile away; and that minute two men
passed him by in silence, goin' down from the house, one of them short
and square, and the other like Sir Dominick in shape, but there was
little light under the trees where he was, and they looked only like
shadows; and as they passed him by he could not hear the sound of
their feet and he drew back to the wall frightened; and when he got up
to the great house, he found all in confusion, and the master's body,
with the head smashed to pieces, lying just on _that spot_.

The narrator stood up and indicated with the point of his stick the
exact site of the body, and, as I looked, the shadow deepened, the red
stain of sunlight vanished from the wall, and the sun had gone down
behind the distant hill of New Castle, leaving the haunted scene in
the deep grey of darkening twilight.

So I and the story-teller parted, not without good wishes on both
sides, and a little "tip," which seemed not unwelcome, from me.

It was dusk and the moon up by the time I reached the village,
remounted my nag, and looked my last on the scene of the terrible
legend of Dunoran.



    Anonymous in the _Dublin University Magazine_ (1861).


In my youth I heard a great many Irish family traditions, more or less
of a supernatural character, some of them very peculiar, and all, to a
child at least, highly interesting. One of these I will now relate,
though the translation to cold type from oral narrative, with all the
aids of animated human voice and countenance, and the appropriate
_mise en scéne_ of the old-fashioned parlour fireside and its
listening circle of excited faces, and, outside, the wintry blast and
the moan of leafless boughs, with the occasional rattle of the clumsy
old window-frame behind shutter and curtain, as the blast swept by, is
at best a trying one.

About midway up the romantic glen of Cappercullen, near the point
where the counties of Limerick, Clare, and Tipperary converge, upon
the then sequestered and forest-bound range of the Slieve-Felim hills,
there stood, in the reigns of the two earliest Georges, the
picturesque and massive remains of one of the finest of the
Anglo-Irish castles of Munster--perhaps of Ireland.

It crowned the precipitous edge of the wooded glen, itself half-buried
among the wild forest that covered that long and solitary range. There
was no human habitation within a circle of many miles, except the
half-dozen hovels and the small thatched chapel composing the little
village of Murroa, which lay at the foot of the glen among the
straggling skirts of the noble forest.

Its remoteness and difficulty of access saved it from demolition. It
was worth nobody's while to pull down and remove the ponderous and
clumsy oak, much less the masonry or flagged roofing of the pile.
Whatever would pay the cost of removal had been long since carried
away. The rest was abandoned to time--the destroyer.

The hereditary owners of this noble building and of a wide territory
in the contiguous counties I have named, were English--the De
Lacys--long naturalized in Ireland. They had acquired at least this
portion of their estate in the reign of Henry VIII., and held it, with
some vicissitudes, down to the establishment of the revolution in
Ireland, when they suffered attainder, and, like other great families
of that period, underwent a final eclipse.

The De Lacy of that day retired to France, and held a brief command in
the Irish Brigade, interrupted by sickness. He retired, became a poor
hanger-on of the Court of St. Germains, and died early in the
eighteenth century--as well as I remember, 1705--leaving an only son,
hardly twelve years old, called by the strange but significant name of

At this point commences the marvellous ingredient of my tale.

When his father was dying, he had him to his bedside, with no one by
except his confessor; and having told him, first, that on reaching
the age of twenty-one, he was to lay claim to a certain small estate
in the county of Clare, in Ireland, in right of his mother--the
title-deeds of which he gave him--and next, having enjoined him not to
marry before the age of thirty, on the ground that earlier marriages
destroyed the spirit and the power of enterprise, and would
incapacitate him from the accomplishment of his destiny--the
restoration of his family--he then went on to open to the child a
matter which so terrified him that he cried lamentably, trembling all
over, clinging to the priest's gown with one hand and to his father's
cold wrist with the other, and imploring him, with screams of horror,
to desist from his communication.

But the priest, impressed, no doubt, himself, with its necessity,
compelled him to listen. And then his father showed him a small
picture, from which also the child turned with shrieks, until
similarly constrained to look. They did not let him go until he had
carefully conned the features, and was able to tell them, from memory,
the colour of the eyes and hair, and the fashion and hues of the
dress. Then his father gave him a black box containing this portrait,
which was a full-length miniature, about nine inches long, painted
very finely in oils, as smooth as enamel, and folded above it a sheet
of paper, written over in a careful and very legible hand.

The deeds and this black box constituted the most important legacy
bequeathed to his only child by the ruined Jacobite, and he deposited
them in the hands of the priest, in trust, till his boy, Ultor, should
have attained to an age to understand their value, and to keep them

When this scene was ended, the dying exile's mind, I suppose, was
relieved, for he spoke cheerily, and said he believed he would
recover; and they soothed the crying child, and his father kissed
him, and gave him a little silver coin to buy fruit with; and so they
sent him off with another boy for a walk, and when he came back his
father was dead.

He remained in France under the care of this ecclesiastic until he had
attained the age of twenty-one, when he repaired to Ireland, and his
title being unaffected by his father's attainder, he easily made good
his claim to the small estate in the county of Clare.

There he settled, making a dismal and solitary tour now and then of
the vast territories which had once been his father's, and nursing
those gloomy and impatient thoughts which befitted the enterprises to
which he was devoted.

Occasionally he visited Paris, that common centre of English, Irish,
and Scottish disaffection; and there, when a little past thirty, he
married the daughter of another ruined Irish house. His bride returned
with him to the melancholy seclusion of their Munster residence, where
she bore him in succession two daughters--Alice, the elder, dark-eyed
and dark-haired, grave and sensible--Una, four years younger, with
large blue eyes and long and beautiful golden hair.

Their poor mother was, I believe, naturally a light-hearted, sociable,
high-spirited little creature; and her gay and childish nature pined
in the isolation and gloom of her lot. At all events she died young,
and the children were left to the sole care of their melancholy and
embittered father. In process of time the girls grew up, tradition
says, beautiful. The elder was designed for a convent, the younger her
father hoped to mate as nobly as her high blood and splendid beauty
seemed to promise, if only the great game on which he had resolved to
stake all succeeded.


The Rebellion of '45 came, and Ultor de Lacy was one of the few
Irishmen implicated treasonably in that daring and romantic
insurrection. Of course there were warrants out against him, but he
was not to be found. The young ladies, indeed, remained as heretofore
in their father's lonely house in Clare; but whether he had crossed
the water or was still in Ireland was for some time unknown, even to
them. In due course he was attainted, and his little estate forfeited.
It was a miserable catastrophe--a tremendous and beggarly waking up
from a life-long dream of returning principality.

In due course the officers of the crown came down to take possession,
and it behoved the young ladies to flit. Happily for them the
ecclesiastic I have mentioned was not quite so confident as their
father, of his winning back the magnificent patrimony of his
ancestors; and by his advice the daughters had been secured twenty
pounds a year each, under the marriage settlement of their parents,
which was all that stood between this proud house and literal

Late one evening, as some little boys from the village were returning
from a ramble through the dark and devious glen of Cappercullen, with
their pockets laden with nuts and "frahans," to their amazement and
even terror they saw a light streaming redly from the narrow window of
one of the towers overhanging the precipice among the ivy and the
lofty branches, across the glen, already dim in the shadows of the
deepening night.

"Look--look--look--'tis the Phooka's tower!" was the general cry, in
the vernacular Irish, and a universal scamper commenced.

The bed of the glen, strewn with great fragments of rock, among which
rose the tall stems of ancient trees, and overgrown with a tangled
copse, was at the best no favourable ground for a run. Now it was
dark; and, terrible work breaking through brambles and hazels, and
tumbling over rocks. Little Shaeen Mull Ryan, the last of the panic
rout, screaming to his mates to wait for him--saw a whitish figure
emerge from the thicket at the base of the stone flight of steps that
descended the side of the glen, close by the castle-wall, intercepting
his flight, and a discordant male voice shrieked--

"I have you!"

At the same time the boy, with a cry of terror, tripped and tumbled;
and felt himself roughly caught by the arm, and hauled to his feet
with a shake.

A wild yell from the child, and a volley of terror and entreaty

"Who is it, Larry; what's the matter?" cried a voice, high in air,
from the turret window. The words floated down through the trees,
clear and sweet as the low notes of a flute.

"Only a child, my lady; a boy."

"Is he hurt?"

"Are you hurted?" demanded the whitish man, who held him fast, and
repeated the question in Irish; but the child only kept blubbering and
crying for mercy, with his hands clasped, and trying to drop on his

Larry's strong old hand held him up. He was hurt, and bleeding from
over his eye.

"Just a trifle hurted, my lady!"

"Bring him up here."

Shaeen Mull Ryan gave himself over. He was among "the good people,"
who he knew would keep him prisoner for ever and a day. There was no
good in resisting. He grew bewildered, and yielded himself passively
to his fate, and emerged from the glen on the platform above; his
captor's knotted old hand still on his arm, and looked round on the
tall mysterious trees, and the gray front of the castle, revealed in
the imperfect moonlight, as upon the scenery of a dream.

The old man who, with thin wiry legs, walked by his side, in a dingy
white coat, and blue facings, and great pewter buttons, with his
silver gray hair escaping from under his battered three-cocked hat;
and his shrewd puckered resolute face, in which the boy could read no
promise of sympathy, showing so white and phantom-like in the
moonlight, was, as he thought, the incarnate ideal of a fairy.

This figure led him in silence under the great arched gateway, and
across the grass-grown court, to the door in the far angle of the
building; and so, in the dark, round and round, up a stone screw
stair, and with a short turn into a large room, with a fire of turf
and wood, burning on its long unused hearth, over which hung a pot,
and about it an old woman with a great wooden spoon was busy. An iron
candlestick supported their solitary candle; and about the floor of
the room, as well as on the table and chairs, lay a litter of all
sorts of things; piles of old faded hangings, boxes, trunks, clothes,
pewter-plates, and cups; and I know not what more.

But what instantly engaged the fearful gaze of the boy were the
figures of two ladies; red drugget cloaks they had on, like the
peasant girls of Munster and Connaught, and the rest of their dress
was pretty much in keeping. But they had the grand air, the refined
expression and beauty, and above all, the serene air of command that
belong to people of a higher rank.

The elder, with black hair and full brown eyes, sat writing at the
deal table on which the candle stood, and raised her dark gaze to the
boy as he came in. The other, with her hood thrown back, beautiful and
_riant_, with a flood of wavy golden hair, and great blue eyes, and
with something kind, and arch, and strange in her countenance, struck
him as the most wonderful beauty he could have imagined.

They questioned the man in a language strange to the child. It was not
English, for he had a smattering of that, and the man's story seemed
to amuse them. The two young ladies exchanged a glance, and smiled
mysteriously. He was more convinced than ever that he was among the
good people. The younger stepped gaily forward and said--

"Do you know who _I_ am, my little man? Well, I'm the fairy Una, and
this is my palace; and that fairy you see there (pointing to the dark
lady, who was looking out something in a box), is my sister and family
physician, the Lady Graveairs; and these (glancing at the old man and
woman), are some of my courtiers; and I'm considering now what I shall
do with _you_, whether I shall send you to-night to Lough Guir, riding
on a rush, to make my compliments to the Earl of Desmond in his
enchanted castle; or, straight to your bed, two thousand miles under
ground, among the gnomes; or to prison in that little corner of the
moon you see through the window--with the man-in-the-moon for your
gaoler, for thrice three hundred years and a day! There, don't cry.
You only see how serious a thing it is for you, little boys, to come
so near my castle. Now, for this once, I'll let you go. But,
henceforward, any boys I, or my people, may find within half a mile
round my castle, shall belong to me for life, and never behold their
home or their people more."

And she sang a little air and chased mystically half a dozen steps
before him, holding out her cloak with her pretty fingers, and
courtesying very low, to his indescribable alarm.

Then, with a little laugh, she said--

"My little man, we must mend your head."

And so they washed his scratch, and the elder one applied a plaister
to it. And she of the great blue eyes took out of her pocket a little
French box of bon-bons and emptied it into his hand, and she said--

"You need not be afraid to eat these--they are very good--and I'll
send my fairy, Blanc-et-bleu, to set you free. Take him (she addressed
Larry), and let him go, with a solemn charge."

The elder, with a grave and affectionate smile, said, looking on the

"Brave, dear, wild Una! nothing can ever quell your gaiety of heart."

And Una kissed her merrily on the cheek.

So the oak door of the room again opened, and Shaeen, with his
conductor, descended the stair. He walked with the scared boy in grim
silence near half way down the wild hill-side toward Murroa, and then
he stopped, and said in Irish--

"You never saw the fairies before, my fine fellow, and 'tisn't often
those who once set eyes on us return to tell it. Whoever comes nearer,
night or day, than this stone," and he tapped it with the end of his
cane, "will never see his home again, for we'll keep him till the day
of judgment; good-night, little gossoon--and away with you."

So these young ladies, Alice and Una, with two old servants, by their
father's direction, had taken up their abode in a portion of that side
of the old castle which overhung the glen; and with the furniture and
hangings they had removed from their late residence, and with the aid
of glass in the casements and some other indispensable repairs, and a
thorough airing, they made the rooms they had selected just habitable,
as a rude and temporary shelter.


At first, of course, they saw or heard little of their father. In
general, however, they knew that his plan was to procure some
employment in France, and to remove them there. Their present strange
abode was only an adventure and an episode, and they believed that any
day they might receive instructions to commence their journey.

After a little while the pursuit relaxed. The government, I believe,
did not care, provided he did not obtrude himself, what became of him,
or where he concealed himself. At all events, the local authorities
showed no disposition to hunt him down. The young ladies' charges on
the little forfeited property were paid without any dispute, and no
vexatious inquiries were raised as to what had become of the furniture
and other personal property which had been carried away from the
forfeited house.

The haunted reputation of the castle--for in those days, in matters of
the marvellous, the oldest were children--secured the little family in
the seclusion they coveted. Once, or sometimes twice a week, old
Laurence, with a shaggy little pony, made a secret expedition to the
city of Limerick, starting before dawn, and returning under the cover
of the night, with his purchases. There was beside an occasional sly
moonlit visit from the old parish priest, and a midnight mass in the
old castle for the little outlawed congregation.

As the alarm and inquiry subsided, their father made them, now and
then, a brief and stealthy visit. At first these were but of a night's
duration, and with great precaution; but gradually they were extended
and less guarded. Still he was, as the phrase is in Munster, "on his
keeping." He had firearms always by his bed, and had arranged places
of concealment in the castle in the event of a surprise. But no
attempt nor any disposition to molest him appearing, he grew more at
ease, if not more cheerful.

It came, at last, that he would sometimes stay so long as two whole
months at a time, and then depart as suddenly and mysteriously as he
came. I suppose he had always some promising plot on hand, and his
head full of ingenious treason, and lived on the sickly and exciting
dietary of hope deferred.

Was there a poetical justice in this, that the little _ménage_ thus
secretly established, in the solitary and time-worn pile, should have
themselves experienced, but from causes not so easily explicable,
those very supernatural perturbations which they had themselves
essayed to inspire?

The interruption of the old priest's secret visits was the earliest
consequence of the mysterious interference which now began to display
itself. One night, having left his cob in care of his old sacristan in
the little village, he trudged on foot along the winding pathway,
among the gray rocks and ferns that threaded the glen, intending a
ghostly visit to the fair recluses of the castle, and he lost his way
in this strange fashion.

There was moonlight, indeed, but it was little more than quarter-moon,
and a long train of funereal clouds were sailing slowly across the
sky--so that, faint and wan as it was, the light seldom shone full
out, and was often hidden for a minute or two altogether. When he
reached the point in the glen where the castle-stairs were wont to be,
he could see nothing of them, and above, no trace of the
castle-towers. So, puzzled somewhat, he pursued his way up the ravine,
wondering how his walk had become so unusually protracted and

At last, sure enough, he saw the castle as plain as could be, and a
lonely streak of candle-light issuing from the tower, just as usual,
when his visit was expected. But he could not find the stair; and had
to clamber among the rocks and copse-wood the best way he could. But
when he emerged at top, there was nothing but the bare heath. Then the
clouds stole over the moon again, and he moved along with hesitation
and difficulty, and once more he saw the outline of the castle against
the sky, quite sharp and clear. But this time it proved to be a great
battlemented mass of cloud on the horizon. In a few minutes more he
was quite close, all of a sudden, to the great front, rising gray and
dim in the feeble light, and not till he could have struck it with his
good oak "wattle" did he discover it to be only one of those wild,
gray frontages of living rock that rise here and there in picturesque
tiers along the slopes of those solitary mountains. And so, till dawn,
pursuing this mirage of the castle, through pools and among ravines,
he wore out a night of miserable misadventure and fatigue.

Another night, riding up the glen, so far as the level way at bottom
would allow, and intending to make his nag fast at his customary
tree, he hears on a sudden a horrid shriek at top of the steep rocks
above his head, and something--a gigantic human form, it seemed--came
tumbling and bounding headlong down through the rocks, and fell with a
fearful impetus just before his horse's hoofs and there lay like a
huge palpitating carcass. The horse was scared, as, indeed, was his
rider, too, and more so when this apparently lifeless thing sprang up
to his legs, and throwing his arms apart to bar their further
progress, advanced his white and gigantic face towards them. Then the
horse started about, with a snort of terror, nearly unseating the
priest, and broke away into a furious and uncontrollable gallop.

I need not recount all the strange and various misadventures which the
honest priest sustained in his endeavours to visit the castle, and its
isolated tenants. They were enough to wear out his resolution, and
frighten him into submission. And so at last these spiritual visits
quite ceased; and fearing to awaken inquiry and suspicion, he thought
it only prudent to abstain from attempting them in the daytime.

So the young ladies of the castle were more alone than ever. Their
father, whose visits were frequently of long duration, had of late
ceased altogether to speak of their contemplated departure for France,
grew angry at any allusion to it, and they feared, had abandoned the
plan altogether.


Shortly after the discontinuance of the priest's visits, old Laurence,
one night, to his surprise, saw light issuing from a window in the
Bell Tower. It was at first only a tremulous red ray, visible only for
a few minutes, which seemed to pass from the room, through whose
window it escaped upon the courtyard of the castle, and so to lose
itself. This tower and casement were in the angle of the building,
exactly confronting that in which the little outlawed family had taken
up their quarters.

The whole family were troubled at the appearance of this dull red ray
from the chamber in the Bell Tower. Nobody knew what to make of it.
But Laurence, who had campaigned in Italy with his old master, the
young ladies' grandfather--"the heavens be his bed this night!"--was
resolved to see it out, and took his great horse-pistols with him, and
ascended to the corridor leading to the tower. But his search was

This light left a sense of great uneasiness among the inmates, and
most certainly it was not pleasant to suspect the establishment of an
independent and possibly dangerous lodger or even colony, within the
walls of the same old building.

The light very soon appeared again, steadier and somewhat brighter, in
the same chamber. Again old Laurence buckled on his armour, swearing
ominously to himself, and this time bent in earnest upon conflict. The
young ladies watched in thrilling suspense from the great window in
_their_ stronghold, looking diagonally across the court. But as
Laurence, who had entered the massive range of buildings opposite,
might be supposed to be approaching the chamber from which this
ill-omened glare proceeded, it steadily waned, finally disappearing
altogether, just a few seconds before his voice was heard shouting
from the arched window to know which way the light had gone.

This lighting up of the great chamber of the Bell Tower grew at last
to be of frequent and almost continual recurrence. It was, there, long
ago, in times of trouble and danger, that the De Lacys of those evil
days used to sit in feudal judgment upon captive adversaries, and, as
tradition alleged, often gave them no more time for shrift and prayer,
than it needed to mount to the battlement of the turret overhead, from
which they were forthwith hung by the necks, for a caveat and
admonition to all evil disposed persons viewing the same from the
country beneath.

Old Laurence observed these mysterious glimmerings with an evil and an
anxious eye, and many and various were the stratagems he tried, but in
vain, to surprise the audacious intruders. It is, however, I believe,
a fact that no phenomenon, no matter how startling at first, if
prosecuted with tolerable regularity, and unattended with any new
circumstances of terror, will very long continue to excite alarm or
even wonder.

So the family came to acquiesce in this mysterious light. No harm
accompanied it. Old Laurence, as he smoked his lonely pipe in the
grass-grown courtyard, would cast a disturbed glance at it, as it
softly glowed out through the darking aperture, and mutter a prayer or
an oath. But he had given over the chase as a hopeless business. And
Peggy Sullivan, the old dame of all work, when, by chance, for she
never willingly looked toward the haunted quarter, she caught the
faint reflection of its dull effulgence with the corner of her eye,
would sign herself with the cross or fumble at her beads, and deeper
furrows would gather in her forehead, and her face grow ashen and
perturbed. And this was not mended by the levity with which the young
ladies, with whom the spectre had lost his influence, familiarity, as
usual, breeding contempt, had come to talk, and even to jest, about it.


But as the former excitement flagged, old Peggy Sullivan produced a
new one; for she solemnly avowed that she had seen a thin-faced man,
with an ugly red mark all over the side of his cheek, looking out of
the same window, just at sunset, before the young ladies returned from
their evening walk.

This sounded in their ears like an old woman's dream, but still it was
an excitement, jocular in the morning, and just, perhaps, a little
fearful as night overspread the vast and desolate building, but still,
not wholly unpleasant. This little flicker of credulity suddenly,
however, blazed up into the full light of conviction.

Old Laurence, who was not given to dreaming, and had a cool, hard
head, and an eye like a hawk, saw the same figure, just about the same
hour, when the last level gleam of sunset was tinting the summits of
the towers and the tops of the tall trees that surrounded them.

He had just entered the court from the great gate, when he heard all
at once the hard peculiar twitter of alarm which sparrows make when a
cat or a hawk invades their safety, rising all round from the thick
ivy that overclimbed the wall on his left, and raising his eyes
listlessly, he saw, with a sort of shock, a thin, ungainly man,
standing with his legs crossed, in the recess of the window from which
the light was wont to issue, leaning with his elbows on the stone
mullion, and looking down with a sort of sickly sneer, his hollow
yellow cheeks being deeply stained on one side with what is called a
"claret mark."

"I have you at last, you villain!" cried Larry, in a strange rage and
panic: "drop down out of that on the grass here, and give yourself up,
or I'll shoot you."

The threat was backed with an oath, and he drew from his coat pocket
the long holster pistol he was wont to carry, and covered his man

"I give you while I count ten--one-two-three-four. If you draw back,
I'll fire, mind; five-six--you'd better be
lively--seven-eight-nine--one chance more; will you come down? Then
take it--ten!"

Bang went the pistol. The sinister stranger was hardly fifteen feet
removed from him, and Larry was a dead shot. But this time he made a
scandalous miss, for the shot knocked a little white dust from the
stone wall a full yard at one side; and the fellow never shifted his
negligent posture or qualified his sardonic smile during the

Larry was mortified and angry.

"You'll not get off this time, my tulip!" he said with a grin,
exchanging the smoking weapon for the loaded pistol in reserve.

"What are you pistolling, Larry?" said a familiar voice close by his
elbow, and he saw his master, accompanied by a handsome young man in a

"That villain, your honour, in the window, there."

"Why there's nobody there, Larry," said De Lacy, with a laugh, though
that was no common indulgence with him.

As Larry gazed, the figure somehow dissolved and broke up without
receding. A hanging tuft of yellow and red ivy nodded queerly in place
of the face, some broken and discoloured masonry in perspective took
up the outline and colouring of the arms and figure, and two imperfect
red and yellow lichen streaks carried on the curved tracing of the
long spindle shanks. Larry blessed himself, and drew his hand across
his damp forehead, over his bewildered eyes, and could not speak for a
minute. It was all some devilish trick; he could take his oath he saw
every feature in the fellow's face, the lace and buttons of his cloak
and doublet, and even his long finger nails and thin yellow fingers
that overhung the cross-shaft of the window, where there was now
nothing but a rusty stain left.

The young gentleman who had arrived with De Lacy, staid that night and
shared with great apparent relish the homely fare of the family. He
was a gay and gallant Frenchman, and the beauty of the younger lady,
and her pleasantry and spirit, seemed to make his hours pass but too
swiftly, and the moment of parting sad.

When he had departed early in the morning, Ultor De Lacy had a long
talk with his elder daughter, while the younger was busy with her
early dairy task, for among their retainers this _proles generosa_
reckoned a "kind" little Kerry cow.

He told her that he had visited France since he had been last at
Cappercullen, and how good and gracious their sovereign had been, and
how he had arranged a noble alliance for her sister Una. The young
gentleman was of high blood, and though not rich, had, nevertheless,
his acres and his _nom de terre_, besides a captain's rank in the
army. He was, in short, the very gentleman with whom they had parted
only that morning. On what special business he was now in Ireland
there was no necessity that he should speak; but being here he had
brought him hither to present him to his daughter, and found that the
impression she had made was quite what was desirable.

"You, you know, dear Alice, are promised to a conventual life. Had it
been otherwise--"

He hesitated for a moment.

"You are right, dear father," she said, kissing his hand, "I _am_ so
promised, and no earthly tie or allurement has power to draw me from
that holy engagement."

"Well," he said, returning her caress, "I do not mean to urge you upon
that point. It must not, however, be until Una's marriage has taken
place. That cannot be, for many good reasons, sooner than this time
twelve months; we shall then exchange this strange and barbarous abode
for Paris, where are many eligible convents, in which are entertained
as sisters some of the noblest ladies of France; and there, too, in
Una's marriage will be continued, though not the name, at all events
the blood, the lineage, and the title which, so sure as justice
ultimately governs the course of human events, will be again
established, powerful and honoured in this country, the scene of their
ancient glory and transitory misfortunes. Meanwhile, we must not
mention this engagement to Una. Here she runs no risk of being sought
or won; but the mere knowledge that her hand was absolutely pledged,
might excite a capricious opposition and repining such as neither I
nor you would like to see; therefore be secret."

The same evening he took Alice with him for a ramble round the castle
wall, while they talked of grave matters, and he as usual allowed her
a dim and doubtful view of some of those cloud-built castles in which
he habitually dwelt, and among which his jaded hopes revived.

They were walking upon a pleasant short sward of darkest green, on one
side overhung by the gray castle walls, and on the other by the forest
trees that here and there closely approached it, when precisely as
they turned the angle of the Bell Tower, they were encountered by a
person walking directly towards them. The sight of a stranger, with
the exception of the one visitor introduced by her father, was in this
place so absolutely unprecedented, that Alice was amazed and
affrighted to such a degree that for a moment she stood stock-still.

But there was more in this apparition to excite unpleasant emotions,
than the mere circumstance of its unexpectedness. The figure was very
strange, being that of a tall, lean, ungainly man, dressed in a dingy
suit, somewhat of a Spanish fashion, with a brown laced cloak, and
faded red stockings. He had long lank legs, long arms, hands, and
fingers, and a very long sickly face, with a drooping nose, and a sly,
sarcastic leer, and a great purplish stain over-spreading more than
half of one cheek.

As he strode past, he touched his cap with his thin, discoloured
fingers, and an ugly side glance, and disappeared round the corner.
The eyes of father and daughter followed him in silence.

Ultor De Lacy seemed first absolutely terror-stricken, and then
suddenly inflamed with ungovernable fury. He dropped his cane on the
ground, drew his rapier, and, without wasting a thought on his
daughter, pursued.

He just had a glimpse of the retreating figure as it disappeared round
the far angle. The plume, and the lank hair, the point of the
rapier-scabbard, the flutter of the skirt of the cloak, and one red
stocking and heel; and this was the last he saw of him.

When Alice reached his side, his drawn sword still in his hand, he was
in a state of abject agitation.

"Thank Heaven, he's gone!" she exclaimed.

"He's gone," echoed Ultor, with a strange glare.

"And you are safe," she added, clasping his hand.

He sighed a great sigh.

"And you don't think he's coming back?"


"The stranger who passed us but now. Do you know him, father?"

"Yes--and--no, child--I know him not--and yet I know him too well.
Would to heaven we could leave this accursed haunt to-night. Cursed be
the stupid malice that first provoked this horrible feud, which no
sacrifice and misery can appease, and no exorcism can quell or even
suspend. The wretch has come from afar with a sure instinct to devour
my last hope--to dog us into our last retreat--and to blast with his
triumph the very dust and ruins of our house. What ails that stupid
priest that he has given over his visits? Are _my_ children to be left
without mass or confession--the sacraments which _guard_ as well as
save--because he once loses his way in a mist, or mistakes a streak of
foam in the brook for a dead man's face? D----n him!"

"See, Alice, _if_ he won't come," he resumed, "you must only _write_
your confession to him in full--you and Una. Laurence is trusty, and
will carry it--and we'll get the bishop's--or, if need be, the Pope's
leave for him to give you absolution. I'll move heaven and earth, but
you _shall_ have the sacraments, poor children!--and see him. I've
been a wild fellow in my youth, and never pretended to sanctity; but
I know there's but one safe way--and--and--keep you each a bit of
this--(he opened a small silver box)--about you while you stay
here--fold and sew it up reverently in a bit of the old psaltery
parchment and wear it next your hearts--'tis a fragment of the
consecrated wafer--and will help, with the saints' protection, to
guard you from harm--and be strict in fasts, and constant in
prayer--_I_ can do nothing--nor devise any help. The curse has fallen,
indeed, on me and mine."

And Alice, saw, in silence, the tears of despair roll down his pale
and agitated face.

This adventure was also a secret, and Una was to hear nothing of it.


Now Una, nobody knew why, began to lose spirit, and to grow pale. Her
fun and frolic were quite gone! Even her songs ceased. She was silent
with her sister, and loved solitude better. She said she was well, and
quite happy, and could in no wise be got to account for the lamentable
change that had stolen over her. She had grown odd too, and obstinate
in trifles; and strangely reserved and cold.

Alice was very unhappy in consequence. What was the cause of this
estrangement--had she offended her, and how? But Una had never before
borne resentment for an hour. What could have altered her entire
nature so? Could it be the shadow and chill of coming insanity?

Once or twice, when her sister urged her with tears and entreaties to
disclose the secret of her changed spirits and demeanour, she seemed
to listen with a sort of silent wonder and suspicion, and then she
looked for a moment full upon her, and seemed on the very point of
revealing all. But the earnest dilated gaze stole downward to the
floor, and subsided into an odd wily smile, and she began to whisper
to herself, and the smile and the whisper were both a mystery to

She and Alice slept in the same bedroom--a chamber in a projecting
tower--which on their arrival, when poor Una was so merry, they had
hung round with old tapestry, and decorated fantastically according to
their skill and frolic. One night, as they went to bed, Una said, as
if speaking to herself--

"'Tis my last night in this room--I shall sleep no more with Alice."

"And what has poor Alice done, Una, to deserve your strange

Una looked on her curiously, and half frightened, and then the odd
smile stole over her face like a gleam of moonlight.

"My poor Alice, what have you to do with it?" she whispered.

"And why do you talk of sleeping no more with me?" said Alice.

"Why? Alice dear--no why--no reason--only a knowledge that it must be
so, or Una will die."

"Die, Una darling!--what can you mean?"

"Yes, sweet Alice, die, indeed. We must all die some time, you know,
or--or undergo a change; and my time is near--_very_ near--unless I
sleep apart from you."

"Indeed, Una, sweetheart, I think you _are_ ill, but not near death."

"Una knows what you think, wise Alice--but she's not mad--on the
contrary, she's wiser than other folks."

"She's sadder and stranger too," said Alice, tenderly.

"Knowledge is sorrow," answered Una, and she looked across the room
through her golden hair which she was combing--and through the window,
beyond which lay the tops of the great trees, and the still foliage of
the glen in the misty moonlight.

"'Tis enough, Alice dear; it must be so. The bed must move hence, or
Una's bed will be low enough ere long. See, it shan't be far though,
only into that small room."

She pointed to an inner room or closet opening from that in which they
lay. The walls of the building were hugely thick, and there were
double doors of oak between the chambers, and Alice thought, with a
sigh, how completely separated they were going to be.

However she offered no opposition. The change was made, and the girls
for the first time since childhood lay in separate chambers. A few
nights afterwards Alice, awoke late in the night from a dreadful
dream, in which the sinister figure which she and her father had
encountered in their ramble round the castle walls, bore a principal

When she awoke there were still in her ears the sounds which had
mingled in her dream. They were the notes of a deep, ringing, bass
voice rising from the glen beneath the castle walls--something between
humming and singing--listlessly unequal and intermittent, like the
melody of a man whiling away the hours over his work. While she was
wondering at this unwonted minstrelsy, there came a silence,
and--could she believe her ears?--it certainly was Una's clear low
contralto--softly singing a bar or two from the window. Then once
more silence--and then again the strange manly voice, faintly
chaunting from the leafy abyss.

With a strange wild feeling of suspicion and terror, Alice glided to
the window. The moon who sees so many things, and keeps all secrets,
with her cold impenetrable smile, was high in the sky. But Alice saw
the red flicker of a candle from Una's window, and, she thought, the
shadow of her head against the deep side wall of its recess. Then this
was gone, and there were no more sights or sounds that night.

As they sate at breakfast, the small birds were singing merrily from
among the sun-tipped foliage.

"I love this music," said Alice, unusually pale and sad; "it comes
with the pleasant light of morning. I remember, Una, when _you_ used
to sing, like those gay birds, in the fresh beams of the morning; that
was in the old time, when Una kept no secret from poor Alice."

"And Una knows what her sage Alice means; but there are other birds,
silent all day long, and, they say, the sweetest too, that love to
sing by _night_ alone."

So things went on--the elder girl pained and melancholy--the younger
silent, changed, and unaccountable.

A little while after this, very late one night, on awaking, Alice
heard a conversation being carried on in her sister's room. There
seemed to be no disguise about it. She could not distinguish the
words, indeed, the walls being some six feet thick, and two great oak
doors intercepting. But Una's clear voice, and the deep bell-like
tones of the unknown, made up the dialogue.

Alice sprung from her bed, threw her clothes about her, and tried to
enter her sister's room; but the inner door was bolted. The voices
ceased to speak as she knocked, and Una opened it, and stood before
her in her night-dress, candle in hand.

"Una--Una, darling, as you hope for peace, tell me who is here?" cried
frightened Alice, with her trembling arms about her neck.

Una drew back, with her large, innocent blue eyes fixed full upon her.

"Come in, Alice," she said, coldly.

And in came Alice, with a fearful glance around. There was no hiding
place there; a chair, a table, a little bed-stead, and two or three
pegs in the wall to hang clothes on; a narrow window, with two iron
bars across; no hearth or chimney--nothing but bare walls.

Alice looked round in amazement, and her eyes glanced with painful
inquiry into those of her sister's. Una smiled one of her peculiar
sidelong smiles, and said--

"Strange dreams! I've been dreaming--so has Alice. She hears and sees
Una's dreams, and wonders--and well she may."

And she kissed her sister's cheek with a cold kiss, and lay down in
her little bed, her slender hand under her head, and spoke no more.

Alice, not knowing what to think, went back to hers.

About this time Ultor de Lacy returned. He heard his elder daughter's
strange narrative with marked uneasiness, and his agitation seemed to
grow rather than subside. He enjoined her, however, not to mention it
to the old servant, nor in presence of anybody she might chance to
see, but only to him and to the priest, if he could be persuaded to
resume his duty and return. The trial, however, such as it was, could
not endure very long; matters had turned out favourably. The union of
his younger daughter might be accomplished within a few months, and in
eight or nine weeks they should be on their way to Paris.

A night or two after her father's arrival, Alice, in the dead of the
night, heard the well-known strange deep voice speaking softly, as it
seemed, close to her own window on the outside; and Una's voice, clear
and tender, spoke in answer. She hurried to her own casement, and
pushed it open, kneeling in the deep embrasure, and looking with a
stealthy and affrighted gaze towards her sister's window. As she
crossed the floor the voices subsided, and she saw a light withdrawn
from within. The moonbeams slanted bright and clear on the whole side
of the castle overlooking the glen, and she plainly beheld the shadow
of a man projected on the wall as on a screen.

This black shadow recalled with a horrid thrill the outline and
fashion of the figure in the Spanish dress. There were the cap and
mantle, the rapier, the long thin limbs and sinister angularity. It
was so thrown obliquely that the hands reached to the window-sill, and
the feet stretched and stretched, longer and longer as she looked,
toward the ground, and disappeared in the general darkness; and the
rest, with a sudden flicker, shot downwards, as shadows will on the
sudden movement of a light, and was lost in one gigantic leap down the
castle wall.

"I do not know whether I dream or wake when I hear and see these
sights; but I will ask my father to sit up with me, and we _two_
surely cannot be mistaken. May the holy saints keep and guard us!" And
in her terror she buried her head under the bed-clothes, and whispered
her prayers for an hour.


"I have been with Father Denis," said De Lacy, next day, "and he will
come to-morrow; and, thank Heaven! you may both make your confession
and hear mass, and my mind will be at rest; and you'll find poor Una
happier and more like herself."

But 'tween cup and lip there's many a slip. The priest was not
destined to hear poor Una's shrift. When she bid her sister good-night
she looked on her with her large, cold, wild eyes, till something of
her old human affections seemed to gather there, and they slowly
filled with tears, which dropped one after the other on her homely
dress as she gazed in her sister's face.

Alice, delighted, sprang up, and clasped her arms about her neck. "My
own darling treasure, 'tis all over; you love your poor Alice again,
and will be happier than ever."

But while she held her in her embrace Una's eyes were turned towards
the window, and her lips apart, and Alice felt instinctively that her
thoughts were already far away.

"Hark!--listen!--hush!" and Una, with her delighted gaze fixed, as if
she saw far away beyond the castle wall, the trees, the glen, and the
night's dark curtain, held her hand raised near her ear, and waved her
head slightly in time, as it seemed, to music that reached not Alice's
ear, and smiled her strange pleased smile, and then the smile slowly
faded away, leaving that sly suspicious light behind it which somehow
scared her sister with an uncertain sense of danger; and she sang in
tones so sweet and low that it seemed but a reverie of a song,
recalling, as Alice fancied, the strain to which she had just
listened in that strange ecstasy, the plaintive and beautiful Irish
ballad, "Shule, shule, shule, aroon," the midnight summons of the
outlawed Irish soldier to his darling to follow him.

Alice had slept little the night before. She was now overpowered with
fatigue; and leaving her candle burning by her bedside, she fell into
a deep sleep. From this she awoke suddenly, and completely, as will
sometimes happen without any apparent cause, and she saw Una come into
the room. She had a little purse of embroidery--her own work--in her
hand; and she stole lightly to the bedside, with her peculiar oblique
smile, and evidently thinking that her sister was asleep.

Alice was thrilled with a strange terror, and did not speak or move;
and her sister, slipped her hand softly under her bolster, and
withdrew it. Then Una stood for a while by the hearth, and stretched
her hand up to the mantelpiece, from which she took a little bit of
chalk, and Alice thought she saw her place it in the fingers of a long
yellow hand that was stealthily introduced from her own chamber-door
to receive it; and Una paused in the dark recess of the door, and
smiled over her shoulder toward her sister, and then glided into her
room, closing the doors.

Almost freezing with terror, Alice rose and glided after her, and
stood in her chamber, screaming--

"Una, Una, in heaven's name what troubles you?"

But Una seemed to have been sound asleep in her bed, and raised
herself with a start, and looking upon her with a peevish surprise,

"What does Alice seek here?"

"You were in my room, Una, dear; you seem disturbed and troubled."

"Dreams, Alice. My dreams crossing your brain; only dreams--dreams.
Get you to bed, and sleep."

And to bed she went, but _not_ to sleep. She lay awake more than an
hour; and then Una emerged once more from her room. This time she was
fully dressed, and had her cloak and thick shoes on, as their rattle
on the floor plainly discovered. She had a little bundle tied up in a
handkerchief in her hand, and her hood was drawn about her head; and
thus equipped, as it seemed, for a journey, she came and stood at the
foot of Alice's bed, and stared on her with a look so soulless and
terrible that her senses almost forsook her. Then she turned and went
back into her own chamber.

She may have returned; but Alice thought not--at least she did not see
her. But she lay in great excitement and perturbation; and was
terrified, about an hour later, by a knock at her chamber door--not
that opening into Una's room, but upon the little passage from the
stone screw staircase. She sprang from her bed; but the door was
secured on the inside, and she felt relieved. The knock was repeated,
and she heard some one laughing softly on the outside.

The morning came at last; that dreadful night was over. But Una! Where
was Una?

Alice never saw her more. On the head of her empty bed were traced in
chalk the words--Ultor de Lacy, Ultor O'Donnell. And Alice found
beneath her own pillow the little purse of embroidery she had seen in
Una's hand. It was her little parting token, and bore the simple
legend--"Una's love!"

De Lacy's rage and horror were boundless. He charged the priest, in
frantic language, with having exposed his child, by his cowardice and
neglect, to the machinations of the Fiend, and raved and blasphemed
like a man demented.

It is said that he procured a solemn exorcism to be performed, in the
hope of disenthralling and recovering his daughter. Several times, it
is alleged, she was seen by the old servants. Once on a sweet summer
morning, in the window of the tower, she was perceived combing her
beautiful golden tresses, and holding a little mirror in her hand; and
first, when she saw herself discovered, she looked affrighted, and
then smiled, her slanting, cunning smile. Sometimes, too, in the glen,
by moonlight, it was said belated villagers had met her, always
startled first, and then smiling, generally singing snatches of old
Irish ballads, that seemed to bear a sort of dim resemblance to her
melancholy fate. The apparition has long ceased. But it is said that
now and again, perhaps once in two or three years, late on a summer
night, you may hear--but faint and far away in the recesses of the
glen--the sweet, sad notes of Una's voice, singing those plaintive
melodies. This, too, of course, in time will cease, and all be


When Ultor de Lacy died, his daughter Alice found among his effects a
small box, containing a portrait such as I have described. When she
looked on it, she recoiled in horror. There, in the plenitude of its
sinister peculiarities, was faithfully portrayed the phantom which
lived with a vivid and horrible accuracy in her remembrance. Folded in
the same box was a brief narrative, stating that, "A.D. 1601, in the
month of December, Walter de Lacy, of Cappercullen, made many
prisoners at the ford of Ownhey, or Abington, of Irish and Spanish
soldiers, flying from the great overthrow of the rebel powers at
Kinsale, and among the number one Roderic O'Donnell, an arch traitor,
and near kinsman to that other O'Donnell who led the rebels; who,
claiming kindred through his mother to De Lacy, sued for his life with
instant and miserable entreaty, and offered great ransom, but was by
De Lacy, through great zeal for the queen, as some thought, cruelly
put to death. When he went to the tower-top, where was the gallows,
finding himself in extremity, and no hope of mercy, he swore that
though he could work them no evil before his death, yet that he would
devote himself thereafter to blast the greatness of the De Lacys, and
never leave them till his work was done. He hath been seen often
since, and always for that family perniciously, insomuch that it hath
been the custom to show to young children of that lineage the picture
of the said O'Donnell, in little, taken among his few valuables, to
prevent their being misled by him unawares, so that he should not have
his will, who by devilish wiles and hell-born cunning, hath
steadfastly sought the ruin of that ancient house, and especially to
leave that _stemma generosum_ destitute of issue for the transmission
of their pure blood and worshipful name."

Old Miss Croker, of Ross House, who was near seventy in the year 1821,
when she related this story to me, had seen and conversed with Alice
de Lacy, a professed nun, under the name of Sister Agnes, in a
religious house in King-street, in Dublin, founded by the famous
Duchess of Tyrconnell, and had the narrative from her own lips. I
thought the tale worth preserving, and have no more to say.


     Anonymous in _All the Year Round_ (1870). A variation
     on "The Drunkard's Dream" in _The Purcell Papers_ (from
     _Dublin University Magazine_, 1838).

At the edge of melancholy Catstean Moor, in the north of England, with
half-a-dozen ancient poplar-trees with rugged and hoary stems around,
one smashed across the middle by a flash of lightning thirty summers
before, and all by their great height dwarfing the abode near which
they stand, there squats a rude stone house, with a thick chimney, a
kitchen and bedroom on the ground-floor, and a loft, accessible by a
ladder, under the shingle roof, divided into two rooms.

Its owner was a man of ill repute. Tom Chuff was his name. A
shock-headed, broad-shouldered, powerful man, though somewhat short,
with lowering brows and a sullen eye. He was a poacher, and hardly
made an ostensible pretence of earning his bread by any honest
industry. He was a drunkard. He beat his wife, and led his children a
life of terror and lamentation, when he was at home. It was a blessing
to his frightened little family when he absented himself, as he
sometimes did, for a week or more together.

On the night I speak of he knocked at the door with his cudgel at
about eight o'clock. It was winter, and the night was very dark. Had
the summons been that of a bogie from the moor, the inmates of this
small house could hardly have heard it with greater terror.

His wife unbarred the door in fear and haste. Her hunchbacked sister
stood by the hearth, staring toward the threshold. The children
cowered behind.

Tom Chuff entered with his cudgel in his hand, without speaking, and
threw himself into a chair opposite the fire. He had been away two or
three days. He looked haggard, and his eyes were bloodshot. They knew
he had been drinking.

Tom raked and knocked the peat fire with his stick, and thrust his
feet close to it. He signed towards the little dresser, and nodded to
his wife, and she knew he wanted a cup, which in silence she gave him.
He pulled a bottle of gin from his coat-pocket, and nearly filling the
teacup, drank off the dram at a few gulps.

He usually refreshed himself with two or three drams of this kind
before beating the inmates of his house. His three little children,
cowering in a corner, eyed him from under a table, as Jack did the
ogre in the nursery tale. His wife, Nell, standing behind a chair,
which she was ready to snatch up to meet the blow of the cudgel, which
might be levelled at her at any moment, never took her eyes off him;
and hunchbacked Mary showed the whites of a large pair of eyes,
similarly employed, as she stood against the oaken press, her dark
face hardly distinguishable in the distance from the brown panel
behind it.

Tom Chuff was at his third dram, and had not yet spoken a word since
his entrance, and the suspense was growing dreadful, when, on a
sudden, he leaned back in his rude seat, the cudgel slipped from his
hand, a change and a death-like pallor came over his face.

For a while they all stared on; such was their fear of him, they dared
not speak or move, lest it should prove to have been but a doze, and
Tom should wake up and proceed forthwith to gratify his temper and
exercise his cudgel.

In a very little time, however, things began to look so odd, that they
ventured, his wife and Mary, to exchange glances full of doubt and
wonder. He hung so much over the side of the chair, that if it had not
been one of cyclopean clumsiness and weight, he would have borne it to
the floor. A leaden tint was darkening the pallor of his face. They
were becoming alarmed, and finally braving everything his wife timidly
said, "Tom!" and then more sharply repeated it, and finally cried the
appellative loudly, and again and again, with the terrified
accompaniment, "He's dying--he's dying!" her voice rising to a scream,
as she found that neither it nor her plucks and shakings of him by the
shoulder had the slightest effect in recalling him from his torpor.

And now from sheer terror of a new kind the children added their
shrilly piping to the talk and cries of their seniors; and if anything
could have called Tom up from his lethargy, it might have been the
piercing chorus that made the rude chamber of the poacher's habitation
ring again. But Tom continued unmoved, deaf, and stirless.

His wife sent Mary down to the village, hardly a quarter of a mile
away, to implore of the doctor, for whose family she did duty as
laundress, to come down and look at her husband, who seemed to be

The doctor, who was a good-natured fellow, arrived. With his hat still
on, he looked at Tom, examined him, and when he found that the emetic
he had brought with him, on conjecture from Mary's description, did
not act, and that his lancet brought no blood, and that he felt a
pulseless wrist, he shook his head, and inwardly thought:

"What the plague is the woman crying for? Could she have desired a
greater blessing for her children and herself than the very thing that
has happened?"

Tom, in fact, seemed quite gone. At his lips no breath was
perceptible. The doctor could discover no pulse. His hands and feet
were cold, and the chill was stealing up into his body.

The doctor, after a stay of twenty minutes, had buttoned up his
great-coat again and pulled down his hat, and told Mrs. Chuff that
there was no use in his remaining any longer, when, all of a sudden, a
little rill of blood began to trickle from the lancet-cut in Tom
Chuff's temple.

"That's very odd," said the doctor. "Let us wait a little."

I must describe now the sensations which Tom Chuff had experienced.

With his elbows on his knees, and his chin upon his hands, he was
staring into the embers, with his gin beside him, when suddenly a
swimming came in his head, he lost sight of the fire, and a sound like
one stroke of a loud church bell smote his brain.

Then he heard a confused humming, and the leaden weight of his head
held him backward as he sank in his chair, and consciousness quite
forsook him.

When he came to himself he felt chilled, and was leaning against a
huge leafless tree. The night was moonless, and when he looked up he
thought he had never seen stars so large and bright, or sky so black.
The stars, too, seemed to blink down with longer intervals of
darkness, and fiercer and more dazzling emergence, and something, he
vaguely thought, of the character of silent menace and fury.

He had a confused recollection of having come there, or rather of
having been carried along, as if on men's shoulders, with a sort of
rushing motion. But it was utterly indistinct; the imperfect
recollection simply of a sensation. He had seen or heard nothing on
his way.

He looked round. There was not a sign of a living creature near. And
he began with a sense of awe to recognise the place.

The tree against which he had been leaning was one of the noble old
beeches that surround at irregular intervals the churchyard of
Shackleton, which spreads its green and wavy lap on the edge of the
Moor of Catstean, at the opposite side of which stands the rude
cottage in which he had just lost consciousness. It was six miles or
more across the moor to his habitation, and the black expanse lay
before him, disappearing dismally in the darkness. So that, looking
straight before him, sky and land blended together in an
undistinguishable and awful blank.

There was a silence quite unnatural over the place. The distant murmur
of the brook, which he knew so well, was dead; not a whisper in the
leaves above him; the air, earth, everything about and above was
indescribably still; and he experienced that quaking of the heart that
seems to portend the approach of something awful. He would have set
out upon his return across the moor, had he not an undefined
presentiment that he was waylaid by something he dared not pass.

The old grey church and tower of Shackleton stood like a shadow in the
rear. His eye had grown accustomed to the obscurity, and he could just
trace its outline. There were no comforting associations in his mind
connected with it; nothing but menace and misgiving. His early
training in his lawless calling was connected with this very spot.
Here his father used to meet two other poachers, and bring his son,
then but a boy, with him.

Under the church porch, towards morning, they used to divide the game
they had taken, and take account of the sales they had made on the
previous day, and make partition of the money, and drink their gin. It
was here he had taken his early lessons in drinking, cursing and
lawlessness. His father's grave was hardly eight steps from the spot
where he stood. In his present state of awful dejection, no scene on
earth could have so helped to heighten his fear.

There was one object close by which added to his gloom. About a yard
away, in rear of the tree, behind himself, and extending to his left,
was an open grave, the mould and rubbish piled on the other side. At
the head of this grave stood the beech-tree; its columnar stem rose
like a huge monumental pillar. He knew every line and crease on its
smooth surface. The initial letters of his own name, cut in its bark
long ago, had spread out and wrinkled like the grotesque capitals of a
fanciful engraver, and now with a sinister significance overlooked the
open grave, as if answering his mental question, "Who for is t' grave

He felt still a little stunned, and there was a faint tremor in his
joints that disinclined him to exert himself; and, further, he had a
vague apprehension that take what direction he might, there was danger
around him worse than that of staying where he was.

On a sudden the stars began to blink more fiercely, a faint wild light
overspread for a minute the bleak landscape, and he saw approaching
from the moor a figure at a kind of swinging trot, with now and then a
zig-zag hop or two, such as men accustomed to cross such places make,
to avoid the patches of slob or quag that meet them here and there.
This figure resembled his father's, and like him, whistled through his
finger by way of signal as he approached; but the whistle sounded not
now shrilly and sharp, as in old times, but immensely far away, and
seemed to sing strangely through Tom's head. From habit or from fear,
in answer to the signal, Tom whistled as he used to do five-and-twenty
years ago and more, although he was already chilled with an unearthly

Like his father, too, the figure held up the bag that was in his left
hand as he drew near, when it was his custom to call out to him what
was in it. It did not reassure the watcher, you may be certain, when a
shout unnaturally faint reached him, as the phantom dangled the bag in
the air, and he heard with a faint distinctness the words, "Tom
Chuff's soul!"

Scarcely fifty yards away from the low churchyard fence at which Tom
was standing, there was a wider chasm in the peat, which there threw
up a growth of reeds and bulrushes, among which, as the old poacher
used to do on a sudden alarm, the approaching figure suddenly cast
itself down.

From the same patch of tall reeds and rushes emerged instantaneously
what he at first mistook for the same figure creeping on all-fours,
but what he soon perceived to be an enormous black dog with a rough
coat like a bear's, which at first sniffed about, and then started
towards him in what seemed to be a sportive amble, bouncing this way
and that, but as it drew near it displayed a pair of fearful eyes that
glowed like live coals, and emitted from the monstrous expanse of its
jaws a terrifying growl.

This beast seemed on the point of seizing him, and Tom recoiled in
panic and fell into the open grave behind him. The edge which he
caught as he tumbled gave way, and down he went, expecting almost at
the same instant to reach the bottom. But never was such a fall!
Bottomless seemed the abyss! Down, down, down, with immeasurable and
still increasing speed, through utter darkness, with hair streaming
straight upward, breathless, he shot with a rush of air against him,
the force of which whirled up his very arms, second after second,
minute after minute, through the chasm downward he flew, the icy
perspiration of horror covering his body, and suddenly, as he expected
to be dashed into annihilation, his descent was in an instant arrested
with a tremendous shock, which, however, did not deprive him of
consciousness even for a moment.

He looked about him. The place resembled a smoke-stained cavern or
catacomb, the roof of which, except for a ribbed arch here and there
faintly visible, was lost in darkness. From several rude passages,
like the galleries of a gigantic mine, which opened from this centre
chamber, was very dimly emitted a dull glow as of charcoal, which was
the only light by which he could imperfectly discern the objects
immediately about him.

What seemed like a projecting piece of the rock, at the corner of one
of these murky entrances, moved on a sudden, and proved to be a human
figure, that beckoned to him. He approached, and saw his father. He
could barely recognise him, he was so monstrously altered.

"I've been looking for you, Tom. Welcome home, lad; come along to your

Tom's heart sank as he heard these words, which were spoken in a
hollow and, he thought, derisive voice that made him tremble. But he
could not help accompanying the wicked spirit, who led him into a
place, in passing which he heard, as it were from within the rock,
dreadful cries and appeals for mercy.

"What is this?" said he.

"Never mind."

"Who are they?"

"New-comers, like yourself, lad," answered his father apathetically.
"They give over that work in time, finding it is no use."

"What shall I do?" said Tom, in an agony.

"It's all one."

"But what shall I do?" reiterated Tom, quivering in every joint and

"Grin and bear it, I suppose."

"For God's sake, if ever you cared for me, as I am your own child, let
me out of this!"

"There's no way out."

"If there's a way in there's a way out, and for Heaven's sake let me
out of this."

But the dreadful figure made no further answer, and glided backwards
by his shoulder to the rear; and others appeared in view, each with a
faint red halo round it, staring on him with frightful eyes, images,
all in hideous variety, of eternal fury or derision. He was growing
mad, it seemed, under the stare of so many eyes, increasing in number
and drawing closer every moment, and at the same time myriads and
myriads of voices were calling him by his name, some far away, some
near, some from one point, some from another, some from behind, close
to his ears. These cries were increased in rapidity and multitude, and
mingled with laughter, with flitting blasphemies, with broken insults
and mockeries, succeeded and obliterated by others, before he could
half catch their meaning.

All this time, in proportion to the rapidity and urgency of these
dreadful sights and sounds, the epilepsy of terror was creeping up to
his brain, and with a long and dreadful scream he lost consciousness.

When he recovered his senses, he found himself in a small stone
chamber, vaulted above, and with a ponderous door. A single point of
light in the wall, with a strange brilliancy illuminated this cell.

Seated opposite to him was a venerable man with a snowy beard of
immense length; an image of awful purity and severity. He was dressed
in a coarse robe, with three large keys suspended from his girdle. He
might have filled one's idea of an ancient porter of a city gate; such
spiritual cities, I should say, as John Bunyan loved to describe.

This old man's eyes were brilliant and awful, and fixed on him as they
were, Tom Chuff felt himself helplessly in his power. At length he

"The command is given to let you forth for one trial more. But if you
are found again drinking with the drunken, and beating your
fellow-servants, you shall return through the door by which you came,
and go out no more."

With these words the old man took him by the wrist and led him through
the first door, and then unlocking one that stood in the cavern
outside, he struck Tom Chuff sharply on the shoulder, and the door
shut behind him with a sound that boomed peal after peal of thunder
near and far away, and all round and above, till it rolled off
gradually into silence. It was totally dark, but there was a fanning
of fresh cool air that overpowered him. He felt that he was in the
upper world again.

In a few minutes he began to hear voices which he knew, and first a
faint point of light appeared before his eyes, and gradually he saw
the flame of the candle, and, after that, the familiar faces of his
wife and children, and he heard them faintly when they spoke to him,
although he was as yet unable to answer.

He also saw the doctor, like an isolated figure in the dark, and heard
him say:

"There, now, you have him back. He'll do, I think."

His first words, when he could speak and saw clearly all about him,
and felt the blood on his neck and shirt, were:

"Wife, forgie me. I'm a changed man. Send for't sir."

Which last phrase means, "Send for the clergyman."

When the vicar came and entered the little bedroom where the scared
poacher, whose soul had died within him, was lying, still sick and
weak, in his bed, and with a spirit that was prostrate with terror,
Tom Chuff feebly beckoned the rest from the room, and, the door being
closed, the good parson heard the strange confession, and with equal
amazement the man's earnest and agitated vows of amendment, and his
helpless appeals to him for support and counsel.

These, of course, were kindly met; and the visits of the rector, for
some time, were frequent.

One day, when he took Tom Chuff's hand on bidding him good-bye, the
sick man held it still, and said:

"Ye'r vicar o' Shackleton, sir, and if I sud dee, ye'll promise me a'e
thing, as I a promised ye a many. I a said I'll never gie wife, nor
barn, nor folk o' no sort, skelp nor sizzup more, and ye'll know o' me
no more among the sipers. Nor never will Tom draw trigger, nor set a
snare again, but in an honest way, and after that ye'll no make it a
bootless bene for me, but bein', as I say, vicar o' Shackleton, and
able to do as ye list, ye'll no let them bury me within twenty good
yerd-wands measure o' the a'd beech trees that's round the churchyard
of Shackleton."

"I see; you would have your grave, when your time really comes, a good
way from the place where lay the grave you dreamed of."

"That's jest it. I'd lie at the bottom o' a marl-pit liefer! And I'd
be laid in anither churchyard just to be shut o' my fear o' that, but
that a' my kinsfolk is buried beyond in Shackleton, and ye'll gie me
yer promise, and no break yer word."

"I do promise, certainly. I'm not likely to outlive you; but, if I
should, and still be vicar of Shackleton, you shall be buried
somewhere as near the middle of the churchyard as we can find space."

"That'll do."

And so content they parted.

The effect of the vision upon Tom Chuff was powerful, and promised to
be lasting. With a sore effort he exchanged his life of desultory
adventure and comparative idleness for one of regular industry. He
gave up drinking; he was as kind as an originally surly nature would
allow to his wife and family; he went to church; in fine weather they
crossed the moor to Shackleton Church; the vicar said he came there to
look at the scenery of his vision, and to fortify his good resolutions
by the reminder.

Impressions upon the imagination, however, are but transitory, and a
bad man acting under fear is not a free agent; his real character does
not appear. But as the images of the imagination fade, and the action
of fear abates, the essential qualities of the man reassert

So, after a time, Tom Chuff began to grow weary of his new life; he
grew lazy, and people began to say that he was catching hares, and
pursuing his old contraband way of life, under the rose.

He came home one hard night, with signs of the bottle in his thick
speech and violent temper. Next day he was sorry, or frightened, at
all events repentant, and for a week or more something of the old
horror returned, and he was once more on his good behaviour. But in a
little time came a relapse, and another repentance, and then a
relapse again, and gradually the return of old habits and the flooding
in of all his old way of life, with more violence and gloom, in
proportion as the man was alarmed and exasperated by the remembrance
of his despised, but terrible, warning.

With the old life returned the misery of the cottage. The smiles,
which had begun to appear with the unwonted sunshine, were seen no
more. Instead, returned to his poor wife's face the old pale and
heartbroken look. The cottage lost its neat and cheerful air, and the
melancholy of neglect was visible. Sometimes at night were overheard,
by a chance passer-by, cries and sobs from that ill-omened dwelling.
Tom Chuff was now often drunk, and not very often at home, except when
he came in to sweep away his poor wife's earnings.

Tom had long lost sight of the honest old parson. There was shame
mixed with his degradation. He had grace enough left when he saw the
thin figure of "t' sir" walking along the road to turn out of his way
and avoid meeting him. The clergyman shook his head, and sometimes
groaned, when his name was mentioned. His horror and regret were more
for the poor wife than for the relapsed sinner, for her case was
pitiable indeed.

Her brother, Jack Everton, coming over from Hexley, having heard
stories of all this, determined to beat Tom, for his ill-treatment of
his sister, within an inch of his life. Luckily, perhaps, for all
concerned, Tom happened to be away upon one of his long excursions,
and poor Nell besought her brother, in extremity of terror, not to
interpose between them. So he took his leave and went home muttering
and sulky.

Now it happened a few months later that Nelly Chuff fell sick. She had
been ailing, as heartbroken people do, for a good while. But now the
end had come.

There was a coroner's inquest when she died, for the doctor had doubts
as to whether a blow had not, at least, hastened her death. Nothing
certain, however, came of the inquiry. Tom Chuff had left his home
more than two days before his wife's death. He was absent upon his
lawless business still when the coroner had held his quest.

Jack Everton came over from Hexley to attend the dismal obsequies of
his sister. He was more incensed than ever with the wicked husband,
who, one way or other, had hastened Nelly's death. The inquest had
closed early in the day. The husband had not appeared.

An occasional companion--perhaps I ought to say accomplice--of Chuff's
happened to turn up. He had left him on the borders of Westmoreland,
and said he would probably be home next day. But Everton affected not
to believe it. Perhaps it was to Tom Chuff, he suggested, a secret
satisfaction to crown the history of his bad married life with the
scandal of his absence from the funeral of his neglected and abused

Everton had taken on himself the direction of the melancholy
preparations. He had ordered a grave to be opened for his sister
beside her mother's, in Shackleton churchyard, at the other side of
the moor. For the purpose, as I have said, of marking the callous
neglect of her husband, he determined that the funeral should take
place that night. His brother Dick had accompanied him, and they and
his sister, with Mary and the children, and a couple of the
neighbours, formed the humble cortège.

Jack Everton said he would wait behind, on the chance of Tom Chuff
coming in time, that he might tell him what had happened, and make him
cross the moor with him to meet the funeral. His real object, I think,
was to inflict upon the villain the drubbing he had so long wished to
give him. Anyhow, he was resolved, by crossing the moor, to reach the
churchyard in time to anticipate the arrival of the funeral, and to
have a few words with the vicar, clerk, and sexton, all old friends of
his, for the parish of Shackleton was the place of his birth and early

But Tom Chuff did not appear at his house that night. In surly mood,
and without a shilling in his pocket, he was making his way homeward.
His bottle of gin, his last investment, half emptied, with its neck
protruding, as usual on such returns, was in his coat-pocket.

His way home lay across the moor of Catstean, and the point at which
he best knew the passage was from the churchyard of Shackleton. He
vaulted the low wall that forms its boundary, and strode across the
graves, and over many a flat, half-buried tombstone, toward the side
of the churchyard next Catstean Moor.

The old church of Shackleton and its tower rose, close at his right,
like a black shadow against the sky. It was a moonless night, but
clear. By this time he had reached the low boundary wall, at the other
side, that overlooks the wide expanse of Catstean Moor. He stood by
one of the huge old beech trees, and leaned his back to its smooth
trunk. Had he ever seen the sky look so black, and the stars shine out
and blink so vividly? There was a death-like silence over the scene,
like the hush that precedes thunder in sultry weather. The expanse
before him was lost in utter blackness. A strange quaking unnerved his
heart. It was the sky and scenery of his vision! The same horror and
misgiving. The same invincible fear of venturing from the spot where
he stood. He would have prayed if he dared. His sinking heart demanded
a restorative of some sort, and he grasped the bottle in his
coat-pocket. Turning to his left, as he did so, he saw the piled-up
mould of an open grave that gaped with its head close to the base of
the great tree against which he was leaning.

He stood aghast. His dream was returning and slowly enveloping him.
Everything he saw was weaving itself into the texture of his vision.
The chill of horror stole over him.

A faint whistle came shrill and clear over the moor, and he saw a
figure approaching at a swinging trot, with a zig-zag course, hopping
now here and now there, as men do over a surface where one has need to
choose their steps. Through the jungle of reeds and bulrushes in the
foreground this figure advanced; and with the same unaccountable
impulse that had coerced him in his dream, he answered the whistle of
the advancing figure.

On that signal it directed its course straight toward him. It mounted
the low wall, and, standing there, looked into the graveyard.

"Who med answer?" challenged the new-comer from his post of

"Me," answered Tom.

"Who are you?" repeated the man upon the wall.

"Tom Chuff; and who's this grave cut for?" He answered in a savage
tone, to cover the secret shudder of his panic.

"I'll tell you that, ye villain!" answered the stranger, descending
from the wall, "I a' looked for you far and near, and waited long, and
now you're found at last."

Not knowing what to make of the figure that advanced upon him, Tom
Chuff recoiled, stumbled, and fell backward into the open grave. He
caught at the sides as he fell, but without retarding his fall.

An hour after, when lights came with the coffin, the corpse of Tom
Chuff was found at the bottom of the grave. He had fallen direct upon
his head, and his neck was broken. His death must have been
simultaneous with his fall. Thus far his dream was accomplished.

It was his brother-in-law who had crossed the moor and approached the
churchyard of Shackleton, exactly in the line which the image of his
father had seemed to take in his strange vision. Fortunately for Jack
Everton, the sexton and clerk of Shackleton church were, unseen by
him, crossing the churchyard toward the grave of Nelly Chuff, just as
Tom the poacher stumbled and fell. Suspicion of direct violence would
otherwise have inevitably attached to the exasperated brother. As it
was, the catastrophe was followed by no legal consequences.

The good vicar kept his word, and the grave of Tom Chuff is still
pointed out by the old inhabitants of Shackleton pretty nearly in the
centre of the churchyard. This conscientious compliance with the
entreaty of the panic-stricken man as to the place of his sepulture
gave a horrible and mocking emphasis to the strange combination by
which fate had defeated his precaution, and fixed the place of his

The story was for many a year, and we believe still is, told round
many a cottage hearth, and though it appeals to what many would term
superstition, it yet sounded, in the ears of a rude and simple
audience, a thrilling, and, let us hope, not altogether fruitless


     Anonymous in _All the Year Round_ (1869-70). It differs
     from the other tales in this volume in being apparently
     a record of stories actually told to Le Fanu and not
     invented by him; and they purport to be, as the phrase
     goes, 'veridical.'

When the present writer was a boy of twelve or thirteen, he first made
the acquaintance of Miss Anne Baily, of Lough Guir, in the county of
Limerick. She and her sister were the last representatives at that
place, of an extremely good old name in the county. They were both
what is termed "old maids," and at that time past sixty. But never
were old ladies more hospitable, lively, and kind, especially to young
people. They were both remarkably agreeable and clever. Like all old
county ladies of their time, they were great genealogists, and could
recount the origin, generations, and intermarriages, of every county
family of note.

These ladies were visited at their house at Lough Guir by Mr. Crofton
Croker; and are, I think, mentioned, by name, in the second series of
his fairy legends; the series in which (probably communicated by Miss
Anne Baily), he recounts some of the picturesque traditions of those
beautiful lakes--lakes, I should no longer say, for the smaller and
prettier has since been drained, and gave up from its depths some long
lost and very interesting relics.

In their drawing-room stood a curious relic of another sort: old
enough, too, though belonging to a much more modern period. It was the
ancient stirrup cup of the hospitable house of Lough Guir. Crofton
Croker has preserved a sketch of this curious glass. I have often had
it in my hand. It had a short stem; and the cup part, having the
bottom rounded, rose cylindrically, and, being of a capacity to
contain a whole bottle of claret, and almost as narrow as an
old-fashioned ale glass, was tall to a degree that filled me with
wonder. As it obliged the rider to extend his arm as he raised the
glass, it must have tried a tipsy man, sitting in the saddle, pretty
severely. The wonder was that the marvellous tall glass had come down
to our times without a crack.

There was another glass worthy of remark in the same drawing-room. It
was gigantic, and shaped conically, like one of those old-fashioned
jelly glasses which used to be seen upon the shelves of confectioners.
It was engraved round the rim with the words, "The glorious, pious,
and immortal memory"; and on grand occasions, was filled to the brim,
and after the manner of a loving cup, made the circuit of the Whig
guests, who owed all to the hero whose memory its legend invoked.

It was now but the transparent phantom of those solemn convivialities
of a generation, who lived, as it were, within hearing of the cannon
and shoutings of those stirring times. When I saw it, this glass had
long retired from politics and carousals, and stood peacefully on a
little table in the drawing-room, where ladies' hands replenished it
with fair water, and crowned it daily with flowers from the garden.

Miss Anne Baily's conversation ran oftener than her sister's upon the
legendary and supernatural; she told her stories with the sympathy,
the colour, and the mysterious air which contribute so powerfully to
effect, and never wearied of answering questions about the old castle,
and amusing her young audience with fascinating little glimpses of old
adventure and bygone days. My memory retains the picture of my early
friend very distinctly. A slim straight figure, above the middle
height; a general likeness to the full-length portrait of that
delightful Countess D'Aulnois, to whom we all owe our earliest and
most brilliant glimpses of fairy-land; something of her
gravely-pleasant countenance, plain, but refined and ladylike, with
that kindly mystery in her sidelong glance and uplifted finger, which
indicated the approaching climax of a tale of wonder.

Lough Guir is a kind of centre of the operations of the Munster
fairies. When a child is stolen by the "good people," Lough Guir is
conjectured to be the place of its unearthly transmutation from the
human to the fairy state. And beneath its waters lie enchanted, the
grand old castle of the Desmonds, the great earl himself, his
beautiful young countess, and all the retinue that surrounded him in
the years of his splendour, and at the moment of his catastrophe.

Here, too, are historic associations. The huge square tower that rises
at one side of the stable-yard close to the old house, to a height
that amazed my young eyes, though robbed of its battlements and one
story, was a stronghold of the last rebellious Earl of Desmond, and is
specially mentioned in that delightful old folio, the Hibernia Pacata,
as having, with its Irish garrison on the battlements, defied the army
of the lord deputy, then marching by upon the summits of the
overhanging hills. The house, built under shelter of this stronghold
of the once proud and turbulent Desmonds, is old, but snug, with a
multitude of small low rooms, such as I have seen in houses of the
same age in Shropshire and the neighbouring English counties.

The hills that overhang the lakes appeared to me, in my young days
(and I have not seen them since), to be clothed with a short soft
verdure, of a hue so dark and vivid as I had never seen before.

In one of the lakes is a small island, rocky and wooded, which is
believed by the peasantry to represent the top of the highest tower of
the castle which sank, under a spell, to the bottom. In certain states
of the atmosphere, I have heard educated people say, when in a boat
you have reached a certain distance, the island appears to rise some
feet from the water, its rocks assume the appearance of masonry, and
the whole circuit presents very much the effect of the battlements of
a castle rising above the surface of the lake.

This was Miss Anne Baily's story of the submersion of this lost


It is well known that the great Earl of Desmond, though history
pretends to dispose of him differently, lives to this hour enchanted
in his castle, with all his household, at the bottom of the lake.

There was not, in his day, in all the world, so accomplished a
magician as he. His fairest castle stood upon an island in the lake,
and to this he brought his young and beautiful bride, whom he loved
but too well; for she prevailed upon his folly to risk all to gratify
her imperious caprice.

They had not been long in this beautiful castle, when she one day
presented herself in the chamber in which her husband studied his
forbidden art, and there implored him to exhibit before her some of
the wonders of his evil science. He resisted long; but her entreaties,
tears, and wheedlings were at length too much for him and he

But before beginning those astonishing transformations with which he
was about to amaze her, he explained to her the awful conditions and
dangers of the experiment.

Alone in this vast apartment, the walls of which were lapped, far
below, by the lake whose dark waters lay waiting to swallow them, she
must witness a certain series of frightful phenomena, which once
commenced, he could neither abridge nor mitigate; and if throughout
their ghastly succession she spoke one word, or uttered one
exclamation, the castle and all that it contained would in one instant
subside to the bottom of the lake, there to remain, under the
servitude of a strong spell, for ages.

The dauntless curiosity of the lady having prevailed, and the oaken
door of the study being locked and barred, the fatal experiments

Muttering a spell, as he stood before her, feathers sprouted thickly
over him, his face became contracted and hooked, a cadaverous smell
filled the air, and, with heavy winnowing wings, a gigantic vulture
rose in his stead, and swept round and round the room, as if on the
point of pouncing upon her.

The lady commanded herself through this trial, and instantly another

The bird alighted near the door, and in less than a minute changed,
she saw not how, into a horribly deformed and dwarfish hag: who, with
yellow skin hanging about her face and enormous eyes, swung herself on
crutches toward the lady, her mouth foaming with fury, and her
grimaces and contortions becoming more and more hideous every moment,
till she rolled with a yell on the floor, in a horrible convulsion, at
the lady's feet, and then changed into a huge serpent, with crest
erect, and quivering tongue. Suddenly, as it seemed on the point of
darting at her, she saw her husband in its stead, standing pale before
her, and, with his finger on his lip, enforcing the continued
necessity of silence. He then placed himself at his length on the
floor, and began to stretch himself out and out, longer and longer,
until his head nearly reached to one end of the vast room, and his
feet to the other.

This horror overcame her. The ill-starred lady uttered a wild scream,
whereupon the castle and all that was within it, sank in a moment to
the bottom of the lake.

But, once in every seven years, by night, the Earl of Desmond and his
retinue emerge, and cross the lake, in shadowy cavalcade. His white
horse is shod with silver. On that one night, the earl may ride till
day-break, and it behoves him to make good use of his time; for, until
the silver shoes of his steed be worn through, the spell that holds
him and his beneath the lake, will retain its power.

When I (Miss Anne Baily) was a child, there was still living a man
named Teigue O'Neill, who had a strange story to tell.

He was a smith, and his forge stood on the brow of the hill,
overlooking the lake, on a lonely part of the road to Cahir Conlish.
One bright moonlight night, he was working very late, and quite alone.
The clink of his hammer, and the wavering glow reflected through the
open door on the bushes at the other side of the narrow road, were the
only tokens that told of life and vigil for miles around.

In one of the pauses of his work, he heard the ring of many hoofs
ascending the steep road that passed his forge, and, standing in his
doorway, he was just in time to see a gentleman, on a white horse, who
was dressed in a fashion the like of which the smith had never seen
before. This man was accompanied and followed by a mounted retinue, as
strangely dressed as he.

They seemed, by the clang and clatter that announced their approach,
to be riding up the hill at a hard hurry-scurry gallop; but the pace
abated as they drew near, and the rider of the white horse who, from
his grave and lordly air, he assumed to be a man of rank, and
accustomed to command, drew bridle and came to a halt before the
smith's door.

He did not speak, and all his train were silent, but he beckoned to
the smith, and pointed down to one of his horse's hoofs.

Teigue stooped and raised it, and held it just long enough to see that
it was shod with a silver shoe; which, in one place, he said, was worn
as thin as a shilling. Instantaneously, his situation was made
apparent to him by this sign, and he recoiled with a terrified prayer.
The lordly rider, with a look of pain and fury, struck at him
suddenly, with something that whistled in the air like a whip; and an
icy streak seemed to traverse his body as if he had been cut through
with a leaf of steel. But he was without scathe or scar, as he
afterwards found. At the same moment he saw the whole cavalcade break
into a gallop and disappear down the hill, with a momentary hurtling
in the air, like the flight of a volley of cannon shot.

Here had been the earl himself. He had tried one of his accustomed
stratagems to lead the smith to speak to him. For it is well known
that either for the purpose of abridging or of mitigating his period
of enchantment, he seeks to lead people to accost him. But what, in
the event of his succeeding, would befall the person whom he had thus
ensnared, no one knows.


When Miss Anne Baily was a child, Moll Rial was an old woman. She had
lived all her days with the Bailys of Lough Guir; in and about whose
house, as was the Irish custom of those days, were a troop of
bare-footed country girls, scullery maids, or laundresses, or employed
about the poultry yard, or running of errands.

Among these was Moll Rial, then a stout good-humoured lass, with
little to think of, and nothing to fret about. She was once washing
clothes by the process known universally in Munster as beetling. The
washer stands up to her ankles in water, in which she has immersed the
clothes, which she lays in that state on a great flat stone, and
smacks with lusty strokes of an instrument which bears a rude
resemblance to a cricket bat, only shorter, broader, and light enough
to be wielded freely with one hand. Thus, they smack the dripping
clothes, turning them over and over, sousing them in the water, and
replacing them on the same stone, to undergo a repetition of the
process, until they are thoroughly washed.

Moll Rial was plying her "beetle" at the margin of the lake, close
under the old house and castle. It was between eight and nine o'clock
on a fine summer morning, everything looked bright and beautiful.
Though quite alone, and though she could not see even the windows of
the house (hidden from her view by the irregular ascent and some
interposing bushes), her loneliness was not depressing.

Standing up from her work, she saw a gentleman walking slowly down the
slope toward her. He was a "grand-looking" gentleman, arrayed in a
flowered silk dressing-gown, with a cap of velvet on his head; and as
he stepped toward her, in his slippered feet, he showed a very
handsome leg. He was smiling graciously as he approached, and drawing
a ring from his finger with an air of gracious meaning, which seemed
to imply that he wished to make her a present, he raised it in his
fingers with a pleased look, and placed it on the flat stones beside
the clothes she had been beetling so industriously.

He drew back a little, and continued to look at her with an
encouraging smile, which seemed to say: "You have earned your reward;
you must not be afraid to take it."

The girl fancied that this was some gentleman who had arrived, as
often happened in those hospitable and haphazard times, late and
unexpectedly the night before, and who was now taking a little
indolent ramble before breakfast.

Moll Rial was a little shy, and more so at having been discovered by
so grand a gentleman with her petticoats gathered a little high about
her bare shins. She looked down, therefore, upon the water at her
feet, and then she saw a ripple of blood, and then another, ring after
ring, coming and going to and from her feet. She cried out the sacred
name in horror, and, lifting her eyes, the courtly gentleman was gone,
but the blood-rings about her feet spread with the speed of light over
the surface of the lake, which for a moment glowed like one vast
estuary of blood.

Here was the earl once again, and Moll Rial declared that if it had
not been for that frightful transformation of the water she would have
spoken to him next minute, and would thus have passed under a spell,
perhaps as direful as his own.


So old a Munster family as the Bailys, of Lough Guir, could not fail
to have their attendant banshee. Every one attached to the family knew
this well, and could cite evidences of that unearthly distinction. I
heard Miss Baily relate the only experience she had personally had of
that wild spiritual sympathy.

She said that, being then young, she and Miss Susan undertook a long
attendance upon the sick bed of their sister, Miss Kitty, whom I have
heard remembered among her contemporaries as the merriest and most
entertaining of human beings. This light-hearted young lady was dying
of consumption. The sad duties of such attendance being divided among
many sisters, as there then were, the night watches devolved upon the
two ladies I have named: I think, as being the eldest.

It is not improbable that these long and melancholy vigils, lowering
the spirits and exciting the nervous system, prepared them for
illusions. At all events, one night at dead of night, Miss Baily and
her sister, sitting in the dying lady's room, heard such sweet and
melancholy music as they had never heard before. It seemed to them
like distant cathedral music. The room of the dying girl had its
windows toward the yard, and the old castle stood near, and full in
sight. The music was not in the house, but seemed to come from the
yard, or beyond it. Miss Anne Baily took a candle, and went down the
back stairs. She opened the back door, and, standing there, heard the
same faint but solemn harmony, and could not tell whether it most
resembled the distant music of instruments, or a choir of voices. It
seemed to come through the windows of the old castle, high in the air.
But when she approached the tower, the music, she thought, came from
above the house, at the other side of the yard; and thus perplexed,
and at last frightened, she returned.

This aerial music both she and her sister, Miss Susan Baily, avowed
that they distinctly heard, and for a long time. Of the fact she was
clear, and she spoke of it with great awe.


This lady, one morning, with a grave countenance that indicated
something weighty upon her mind, told her pupils that she had, on the
night before, had a very remarkable dream.

The first room you enter in the old castle, having reached the foot of
the spiral stone stair, is a large hall, dim and lofty, having only a
small window or two, set high in deep recesses in the wall. When I saw
the castle many years ago, a portion of this capacious chamber was
used as a store for the turf laid in to last the year.

Her dream placed her, alone, in this room, and there entered a
grave-looking man, having something very remarkable in his
countenance: which impressed her, as a fine portrait sometimes will,
with a haunting sense of character and individuality.

In his hand this man carried a wand, about the length of an ordinary
walking cane. He told her to observe and remember its length, and to
mark well the measurements he was about to make, the result of which
she was to communicate to Mr. Baily of Lough Guir.

From a certain point in the wall, with this wand, he measured along
the floor, at right angles with the wall, a certain number of its
lengths, which he counted aloud; and then, in the same way, from the
adjoining wall he measured a certain number of its lengths, which he
also counted distinctly. He then told her that at the point where
these two lines met, at a depth of a certain number of feet which he
also told her, treasure lay buried. And so the dream broke up, and her
remarkable visitant vanished.

She took the girls with her to the old castle, where, having cut a
switch to the length represented to her in her dream, she measured the
distances, and ascertained, as she supposed, the point on the floor
beneath which the treasure lay. The same day she related her dream to
Mr. Baily. But he treated it laughingly, and took no step in

Some time after this, she again saw, in a dream, the same
remarkable-looking man, who repeated his message, and appeared
displeased. But the dream was treated by Mr. Baily as before.

The same dream occurred again, and the children became so clamorous to
have the castle floor explored, with pick and shovel, at the point
indicated by the thrice-seen messenger, that at length Mr. Baily
consented, and the floor was opened, and a trench was sunk at the spot
which the governess had pointed out.

Miss Anne Baily, and nearly all the members of the family, her father
included, were present at this operation. As the workmen approached
the depth described in the vision, the interest and suspense of all
increased; and when the iron implements met the solid resistance of a
broad flagstone, which returned a cavernous sound to the stroke, the
excitement of all present rose to its acme.

With some difficulty the flag was raised, and a chamber of stone work,
large enough to receive a moderately-sized crock or pit, was
disclosed. Alas! it was empty. But in the earth at the bottom of it,
Miss Baily said, she herself saw, as every other bystander plainly
did, the circular impression of a vessel: which had stood there, as
the mark seemed to indicate, for a very long time.

Both the Miss Bailys were strong in their belief hereafterwards, that
the treasure which they were convinced had actually been deposited
there, had been removed by some more trusting and active listener than
their father had proved.

This same governess remained with them to the time of her death, which
occurred some years later, under the following circumstances as
extraordinary as her dream.


The good governess had a particular liking for the old castle, and
when lessons were over, would take her book or her work into a large
room in the ancient building, called the Earl's Hall. Here she caused
a table and chair to be placed for her use, and in the chiaroscuro
would so sit at her favourite occupations, with just a little ray of
subdued light, admitted through one of the glassless windows above
her, and falling upon her table.

The Earl's Hall is entered by a narrow-arched door, opening close to
the winding stair. It is a very large and gloomy room, pretty nearly
square, with a lofty vaulted ceiling, and a stone floor. Being
situated high in the castle, the walls of which are immensely thick,
and the windows very small and few, the silence that reigns here is
like that of a subterranean cavern. You hear nothing in this solitude,
except perhaps twice in a day, the twitter of a swallow in one of the
small windows high in the wall.

This good lady having one day retired to her accustomed solitude, was
missed from the house at her wonted hour of return. This in a country
house, such as Irish houses Were in those days, excited little
surprise, and no harm. But when the dinner hour came, which was then,
in country houses, five o'clock, and the governess had not appeared,
some of her young friends, it being not yet winter, and sufficient
light remaining to guide them through the gloom of the dim ascent and
passages, mounted the old stone stair to the level of the Earl's Hall,
gaily calling to her as they approached.

There was no answer. On the stone floor, outside the door of the
Earl's Hall, to their horror, they found her lying insensible. By the
usual means she was restored to consciousness; but she continued very
ill, and was conveyed to the house, where she took to her bed.

It was there and then that she related what had occurred to her. She
had placed herself, as usual, at her little work table, and had been
either working or reading--I forget which--for some time, and felt in
her usual health and serene spirits. Raising her eyes, and looking
towards the door, she saw a horrible-looking little man enter. He was
dressed in red, was very short, had a singularly dark face, and a most
atrocious countenance. Having walked some steps into the room, with
his eyes fixed on her, he stopped, and beckoning to her to follow,
moved back toward the door. About half way, again he stopped once more
and turned. She was so terrified that she sat staring at the
apparition without moving or speaking. Seeing that she had not obeyed
him, his face became more frightful and menacing, and as it underwent
this change, he raised his hand and stamped on the floor. Gesture,
look, and all, expressed diabolical fury. Through sheer extremity of
terror she did rise, and, as he turned again, followed him a step or
two in the direction of the door. He again stopped, and with the same
mute menace, compelled her again to follow him.

She reached the narrow stone doorway of the Earl's Hall, through
which he had passed; from the threshold she saw him standing a little
way off, with his eyes still fixed on her. Again he signed to her, and
began to move along the short passage that leads to the winding stair.
But instead of following him further, she fell on the floor in a fit.

The poor lady was thoroughly persuaded that she was not long to
survive this vision, and her foreboding proved true. From her bed she
never rose. Fever and delirium supervened in a few days and she died.
Of course it is possible that fever, already approaching, had touched
her brain when she was visited by the phantom, and that it had no
external existence.


I have no materials for compiling a fresh memoir of Joseph Sheridan Le
Fanu. The thing has been done in the _Dictionary of National
Biography_, in his brother William's amusing book _Seventy Years of
Irish Life_, and in the introductions to The _Purcell Papers_, and to
his _Collected Poems_. My concern is with his novels and stories, and
for the understanding of what has to be told it is not necessary to
know more at the outset than this: that Le Fanu, an Irishman of
Huguenot descent, lived his life in Ireland, and for the most part in
and near Dublin, from 1815 to 1873. His literary career began about
1838. He was a scholar and a gentleman, and, by all accounts, a most
attractive personality; but after the death of his wife in 1858 he
became a good deal of a recluse, and devoted himself almost entirely
to writing. From 1861 to 1869 he owned and edited the _Dublin
University Magazine_. To this periodical he was a not infrequent
contributor--anonymously for the most part, as the body of this work
has shown; but in and after 1861 he began issuing in it serial stories
under his own name; and after he had retired from the editorship he
continued to write in other magazines. He died on February 7th, 1873.

His published work consists of novels, stories, poems, and a pamphlet
or two; no doubt there were also reviews by his pen. But of his poems
(which are accessible in a collected form), his pamphlets, and
reviews, I have nothing to say; only his novels and stories come under
consideration here.

The novels first. There are fourteen of these, two early, twelve

     The Cock and Anchor, a tale of old Dublin, published in
     1845, anonymously, at Dublin in 3 volumes; re-issued in
     1873 under the title of Morley Court; again, as The
     Cock and Anchor, in 1895, 1 vol. illustrated.

     Torlogh O'Brien, Dublin, 1847, illustrated with 22
     plates by Phiz; re-issued with the original plates by
     Routledge (n.d.) and in 1896 by Downey; there is also a
     cheap issue without pictures.

For fourteen or fifteen years he wrote no more novels. Then, in 1861 a
steady flow begins in the _Dublin University Magazine_.

I have derived help in this part of my research from a bibliography of
Le Fanu contributed by Mr. S. M. Ellis to the _Irish Book Lover_ in

     1861-2. The House by the Churchyard, 3 vols. Tinsley,
     1863; later in one volume.

     1863. Wylder's Hand, 3 vols. Bentley, 1864; then in one
     volume; an illustrated edition in 1903.

     1864. Uncle Silas and Maud Ruttyn, 3 vols. (as Uncle
     Silas), Bentley, 1864 and 1865; also in one vol.

     1865. Guy Deverell, 3 vols. Bentley, 1865; also in one

     1866. All in the Dark, 2 vols. Bentley, 1866 and 1869;
     also in one vol.

     1867. Tenants of Malory, 3 vols. Tinsley; also in one

     1868. Haunted Lives, 3 vols. Tinsley, 1868; not
     re-issued in one vol.

     1868. A Lost Name (first appeared in Temple Bar), 3
     vols. Bentley, 1868; not re-issued in one vol.

     1869. The Wyvern Mystery, 3 vols. Tinsley, 1869; also
     in one vol. 1889.

     1870. Checkmate (first appeared in _Cassell's
     Magazine_), 3 vols. Hurst & Blackett, 1871; also in one

     1871. The Rose and the Key (first appeared in _All the
     Year Round_), 3 vols. Chapman & Hall, 1871; also in one

     1872-3. Willing to Die (first appeared in _All the Year
     Round_), 3 vols. Hurst & Blackett, 1873; also in one

Next, collections of stories.

     1851. Ghost Stories and Tales of Mystery: anonymous,
     Dublin, with plates by Phiz. A very rare book. It had a
     device on the cover, of a cat and tombstone, etc. My
     copy is not in the original binding, and lacks one
     plate. The British Museum had not a copy in 1916.

     It contains:

         _The Watcher_,

         _Schalken the Painter_,

         _The Murdered Cousin_,

         _The Evil Guest_,

     All these had appeared before, as we shall see.

     1871. Chronicles of Golden Friars, 3 vols. Bentley; not

     This consists of three long stories:

         _Laura Mildmay_, which I have not found in print

         _The Haunted Baronet_, contributed to Belgravia (vol.
         xiii.) in 1870.

         _A Bird of Passage_, contributed to _Temple Bar_ in
         1870, re-issued in 1896 as _A Chronicle of Golden
         Friars_, with some other stories.

     1872. In a Glass Darkly, 3 vols. Bentley; also in one
     volume. A modern reissue in two parts by Newnes.

     This contains:

         _Green Tea_, first printed in _All the Year Round_.
         Oct. 1869.

         _The Familiar_, identical with _The Watcher_, of 1851.

         _Mr. Justice Harbottle_, which appeared in some London
         magazine which I cannot at present rediscover.

         _The Room in the Dragon Volant_, contributed to _London
         Society_ (vol. xvi.) in 1872.

         _Carmilla_, which I have not traced further back.

     1880. The Purcell Papers, 3 vols. Bentley, with
     prefatory memoir by A. P. Graves. This contains
     thirteen stories, Le Fanu's earliest work, which
     appeared in _Dublin University Magazine_ (vols.
     xi.-xvi.), between 1838 and 1840. They are:

         _The Ghost and the Bonesetter_,

         _The Fortunes of Sir Robert Ardagh_ (used again in _The
         Haunted Baronet_ and _Sir Dominick's Bargain_ in the
         present volume),

         _The Last Heir of Castle Connor_,

         _The Drunkard's Dream_ (cf. _The Vision of Tom Chuff_
         in this volume),

         _An Episode in the History of An Irish Countess_ (a
         first sketch of _Uncle Silas_: identical with _The
         Murdered Cousin_ of 1851),

         _The Bridal of Carrigvarah_,

         _Schalken the Painter_ (used again in 1851),

         _Scraps of Hibernian Ballads_,

         _Jim Sulivan's Adventure_,

         _An Episode in the History of a Tyrone Family_ (used
         again in the _Wyvern Mystery_),

         _An Adventure of Captain Hardress Fitzgerald_ (used
         again in _Torlogh O'Brien_),

         _The Quare Gander_,

         _Billy Malowney's Taste of Love an' Glory_.

     1894. A volume containing The Watcher and other stories
     was issued with illustrations by Brinsley Le Fanu.

     1895. A similar volume entitled the Evil Guest.

     1896. A third, A Chronicle of Golden Friars. The
     contents of all three are selections from the 1851
     volume, _The Purcell Papers_ and _The Chronicles of
     Golden Friars_.

We now come to the single stories which have not been reprinted or
collected up to the present time. They are only discoverable by
research, and research of this particular kind into the files of more
or less forgotten periodicals of the sixties and early seventies is
not very easily carried out. I am convinced that I have missed some
stories; yet I have done a good deal of ransacking, as occasion
offered. Some one will, I hope, supplement my list. It is offered
here, with all faults.

I take first the _Dublin University Magazine_, and, omitting notice of
items that have been already mentioned, I find the following stories
which are undoubtedly by Le Fanu, though they do not bear his name.

     1848. _Some Account of the latter days of the Hon.
     Richard Marston of Dunoran._

     This is the first form of _The Evil Guest_.

     1850. _The Mysterious Lodger._

     1851. _Ghost Stories of Chapelizod._

     1853. _Some Strange Disturbances in an old House in
     Aungier Street (Dublin)._

     1861. _Ultor de Lacy._

     1864. _My Aunt Margaret's Adventure. Wicked Captain
     Walshawe of Wauling._

  In _Temple Bar_:

     1868. _Squire Toby's Will_: _A Ghost Story_ (anon.).

     1884. _Hyacinth O'Toole._ This is a fragment of a
     burlesque rollicking tale of a tallowchandler in
     Dublin Society; probably it is early work.

  _In All the Year Round_:

     1869-70. _The Child that went with the Fairies_.

     _The White Cat of Drumgunniol._

     _Stories of Lough Guir._

     1870. _The Vision of Tom Chuff._

     1870-1. _Madam Crowl's Ghost_ (embodied verbatim in
     _Laura Mildmay_) in _Chronicles of the Golden Friars_.

     1872. _Sir Dominick's Bargain, a legend of Dunoran._

In _London Society_:

     1872. Christmas Number. _Dickon the Devil._ This last
     is the only one that is not anonymous.

This is, then, as complete a list of the novels and stories as I can
produce. Some remarks upon them are inevitable.

Anyone who reads through the whole range of volumes that I have
enumerated will be struck by certain habits of the writer, quite apart
from any question of style or quality. I shall enlarge upon two of
these. One very marked one is his _penchant_ for rewriting a story in
a different setting, and for developing a long story out of a short

Take examples of this. _The Cock and Anchor_, his first novel, was, as
I have said, re-issued with some changes as _Morley Court_. But
there--it is a story of the eighteenth century. In 1870 the plot and
many of the incidents reappear in _Checkmate_ in a nineteenth century
setting. True, another, and a very striking thread is now interwoven
with them: the coarse villain of _The Cock and__Anchor_ is replaced
by the refined, but far more formidable figure of Walter Longcluse;
and the atmosphere is of Le Fanu's most impressive. But the earlier
story has been incorporated into the later. In _Torlogh O'Brien_
(1847) a story of 1840 (_Hardress Fitzgerald_) is used: it will be
found in _The Purcell Papers_.

Again, the main incidents of the story of _Uncle Silas_ appeared first
in the _Dublin University Magazine_ in 1839 as _A Passage in the
Secret History of an Irish Countess_, one of _The Purcell Papers_, and
again in 1851 in the anonymous book, under the title of the _Murdered
Cousin_. In this case too the setting was shifted, in the novel, from
the eighteenth to the nineteenth century.

_A Lost Name_ is a three-volume novel developed out of a longish story
called _The Evil Guest_ (one of the 1851 collection). _The Evil Guest_
is practically identical with _Richard Marston of Dunoran_ (1848). For
the third time the nineteenth century replaces the eighteenth. But if
I am not mistaken, the central incident in the three stories--the
murder--is derived from a tale once widely current. Dickens in the
_Holly Tree Inn_ tells of a chapbook he used to read, of Jonathan
Bradford; and, says he, "Then I remembered how the landlord was found
at the murdered traveller's bedside with his own knife at his feet and
blood upon his hand: how he was hanged for the murder, notwithstanding
his protestations that he had indeed gone there to kill the traveller
for his saddle-bags, but had been stricken motionless on finding him
already slain; and how the ostler, years afterwards, owned the deed."
Now the plight of the landlord is exactly that of Carmel Sherlock in
_A Lost Name_, who goes to kill Sir Roke Wycherley, and finds his
throat already cut. The master of the house is the real culprit.

I have not been able to search out the story of Jonathan Bradford;
but I think my identification of it with Le Fanu's source must stand.

The fourth example of this odd habit is in the _Wyvern Mystery_. The
episode which describes the blind castoff mistress of the hero making
her way into the bedroom of his young wife and trying to cut her
throat was first embodied in a short story (_Episode in the History of
a Tyrone Family_) which will be found in _The Purcell Papers_.

Lastly, in _The Chronicles of Golden Friars_ two stories out of the
three of which the book consists show the same, or a like trait. In
_Laura Mildmay_ is the fine ghost story of Dame Crowl of Applewale
which will be found, anonymous, in _All the Year Round_; and in _The
Haunted Baronet_ another older story, _The Fortunes of Sir Robert
Ardagh_, is worked up and expanded.

I do not know whether many parallels to this procedure can be cited. I
do not defend or repudiate it; I merely record it as a marked feature
in Le Fanu's work and pass on to call attention to another equally
curious. That is, my author's fondness for repeating a certain
_motif_--again in varied contexts--so varied that I think the reader
need not resent it. The theme is this: the villain of the piece
returns after the lapse of many years to surroundings where some who
knew him of old still live, and, until the catastrophe, passes
unrecognized. In most cases his old crime has been committed before
the book begins--we are only told of it as a past event and we only
see the criminal in his new avatar. The examples of this are: first,
in _The House by the Churchyard_, Dangerfield (whom Le Fanu, with odd
carelessness, calls sometimes Giles and sometimes Paul) is really the
murderer and consummate villain Charles Archer. He comes as an elderly
man to a place where there are but two people living who might know
him; one does know him at once and keeps silence: the other is long
puzzled and suddenly enlightened, and does not keep silence: and
suffers for it.

In _Checkmate_ the murderer--Yelland Mace--reappears as the elegant
but mysterious Walter Longcluse. But this time he has had his face
entirely changed by an elaborate operation.

In _Tenants of Malory_, the outlawed Arthur Verney (of right Viscount
Verney), for years an outcast in Constantinople, returns to England at
the peril of his life as "Mr. Dingwell, the great Greek Merchant."

In all these cases the suspicion and the steps that lead to ultimate
detection are a great element of interest in the story. But these are
not all the examples.

In _Laura Mildmay_ (_The Chronicles of Golden Friars_) the wicked
Captain Torquil figures at the beginning of the story as trying to
kidnap the baby heroine, and then, after years have passed and he has
long been reputed dead, turns up again as the excellent and pious Mr.
Burton, and is only prevented, at the last moment, from making the
said heroine fall over a precipice.

In _Guy Deverell_ Herbert Strangways, injured long years before by Sir
Jekyl Marlowe, takes up his abode as a visitor, supposed to be a
Frenchman, at Marlowe Hall, and by his machinations Sir Jekyl's thread
is cut short.

And the strange book _Haunted Lives_ has a very similar strain of an
unsuspected identity of the villain (so to call him) and the hero
running throughout it.

Le Fanu himself, who lets a year or two lapse after using this
favourite theme before he touches it again, may well have applauded
himself for his moderation. To the critic who reads the whole series
of his works from start to finish, he may well seem to have indulged
his predilection for it (predilection I am sure it is, and not poverty
of invention) too much. Personally I find the settings of the theme
so satisfactorily varied that I do not resent its recurrence. But if
any one is inclined to cavil, I cannot put up a very strong defence.
Only, I would represent that Le Fanu is pretty obviously one who
writes stories for his own (and his readers') pleasure: he has no axe
to grind; no cause to champion; no crusade to preach; in none of his
books do I find any _tendency_--unless it be in the one in which he
makes fun of spiritualism. His object is to tell a story, usually one
that will mystify and alarm his reader, and in his favourite theme he
sees the possibility of many effective variations. I do not blame him
for making trial of them.

There are, to be sure, really weak places in his armour. For one thing
he is certainly a hasty and rather careless writer. His text admits of
many small emendations, which shows him to have been a bad proof
reader: there are a certain number of definite mistakes and
inconsistencies in the stories, and you may often find sentences which
are not only too long, but do not construe. That is one blemish, due,
I cannot doubt, in part to the conditions under which he wrote--I mean
the serial form which he employed for twelve out of his fourteen

A more serious fault affects the texture of the work: it is what I
will call his mawkishness. He can write of sad things with true and
moving pathos; he can write love-scenes that appeal as genuine; but he
does, now and again, also indulge in a sentimentality which calls the
blush to the cheek: it is at the worst perhaps in _A Lost Name_.

Perhaps, by way of conclusion, I may be allowed to offer a brief
characterization of the novels.

Of the two early ones, _The Cock and Anchor_ and _Torlogh O'Brien_,
the former has been sufficiently described. The other is not very
readable now; but in one or two places the author has been quite
relentless in his description of horrors, and is ably backed up by
the terrible illustrations of Phiz.

Of the later and larger group, six are markedly superior to the rest.
These are: _The House by the Churchyard, Wylder's Hand, Uncle Silas,
Guy Deverell, Tenants of Malory, Checkmate._

_Uncle Silas_ and _The House by the Churchyard_ divide the honours of
the first place. Probably the first-named is too well known to require
description; but the second, I think, is not, and it is a book which
seems to me to bring together in a concentrated form all Le Fanu's
best qualities as a story-teller. It is a costume-novel, the scene is
Chapelizod, near Dublin, and the date the year 1767.

From the prologue, in which the scene is set and the tale started by
the digging-up of a strangely battered skull in the churchyard, you
pass to an amazingly fine description of a dark night of storm and a
funeral, and these strike the note of ominous mystery which runs
through all the book. Not that the book is a gloomy one: it is full of
live, gay people, and there is rollicking farce of excellent quality,
side by side with ghosts and murders, and a sombre ballad (unsurpassed
in its way) which has a decisive bearing on the catastrophe. In short,
this is a book to which I find myself returning over and over again
and with no sense of disappointment.

The other four novels all have strong points. The intrigue in
_Wylder's Hand_ defies detection; _Guy Deverell_ is full of good small
character sketches; _Checkmate_ has moments of breathless interest;
_Tenants of Malory_ is marked out by the glorious talk of Mr.
Dingwell; frequenters of Beaumaris, by the way, will soon recognize
that there and at Penmon Priory the scene of the story is laid.

Personally I find the remaining six worth reading, but I do not wish
persons unacquainted with Le Fanu to approach him by way of _A Lost
Name_ or _All in the Dark_. Let them begin with _In a Glass Darkly_,
where they will find the very best of his shorter stories, and go on
to _Uncle Silas_ and _The House by the Churchyard_. It is on these
three volumes that I principally base the claim I make for Le Fanu,
that he is one of the best story-tellers of the last age.


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