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Title: The Daughter of Time
Author: Josephine Tey
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Title: The Daughter of Time
Author: Josephine Tey

'Truth is the daughter of Time'
--Old Proverb

First published 1951



Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17



Grant lay on his high white cot and stared at the ceiling. Stared at it
with loathing. He knew by heart every last minute crack on its nice clean
surface. He had made maps of the ceiling and gone exploring on them;
rivers, islands, and continents. He had made guessing games of it and
discovered hidden objects; faces, birds, and fishes. He had made
mathematical calculations of it and re-discovered his childhood;
theorems, angles, triangles. There was practically nothing else he could
do but look at it. He hated the sight of it.

He had suggested to The Midget that she might turn his bed round a little
so that he could have a new patch of ceiling to explore. But it seemed
that that would spoil the symmetry of the room, and in hospitals symmetry
ranked just a short head behind cleanliness and a whole length in front
of Godliness. Anything out of the parallel was hospital profanity. Why
didn't he read? she asked. Why didn't he go on reading some of those
expensive brand-new novels that his friends kept on bringing him.

'There are far too many people born into the world, and far too many
words written. Millions and millions of them pouring from the presses
every minute. It's a horrible thought.'

'You sound constipated,' said The Midget.

The Midget was Nurse Ingham, and she was in sober fact a very nice
five-feet two, with everything in just proportion. Grant called her The
Midget to compensate himself for being bossed around by a piece of
Dresden china which he could pick up in one hand. When he was on his
feet, that is to say. It was not only that she told him what he might or
might not do, but she dealt with his six-feet-odd with an off-hand ease
that Grant found humiliating. Weights meant nothing, apparently, to The
Midget. She tossed mattresses around with the absent-minded grace of a
plate spinner. When she was off-duty he was attended to by The Amazon, a
goddess with arms like the limb of a beech tree. The Amazon was Nurse
Darroll, who came from Gloucestershire and was homesick each daffodil
season. (The Midget came from Lytham St Anne's, and there was no daffodil
nonsense about her.) She had large soft hands and large soft cow's eyes
and she always looked very sorry for you, but the slightest physical
exertion set her breathing like a suction-pump. On the whole Grant found
it even more humiliating to be treated as a dead weight than to be
treated as if he was no weight at all.

Grant was bed-borne, and a charge on The Midget and The Amazon, because
he had fallen through a trap-door. This, of course, was the absolute in
humiliation; compared with which the heavings of The Amazon and the light
slingings of The Midget were a mere corollary. To fall through a
trap-door was the ultimate in absurdity; pantomimic, bathetic, grotesque.
At the moment of his disappearance from the normal level of perambulation
he had been in hot pursuit of Benny Skoll, and the fact that Benny had
careered round the next corner slap into the arms of Sergeant Williams
provided the one small crumb of comfort in an intolerable situation.

Benny was now 'away' for three years, which was very satisfactory for the
lieges, but Benny would get time off for good behaviour. In hospitals
there was no time off for good behaviour.

Grant stopped staring at the ceiling, and slid his eyes sideways at the
pile of books on his bedside table; the gay expensive pile that The
Midget had been urging on his attention. The top one, with the pretty
picture of Valetta in unlikely pink, was Lavinia Fitch's annual account
of a blameless heroine's tribulations. In view of the representation of
the Grand Harbour on the cover, the present Valerie or Angela or Cecile
or Denise must be a naval wife. He had opened the book only to read the
kind message that Lavinia had written inside.

_The Sweat and the Furrow_ was Silas Weekley being earthy and
spade-conscious all over seven hundred pages. The situation, to judge
from the first paragraph, had not materially changed since Silas's last
book: mother lying-in with her eleventh upstairs, father laid-out after
his ninth downstairs, eldest son lying to the Government in the cow-shed,
eldest daughter lying with her lover in the hay-loft, everyone else lying
low in the barn. The rain dripped from the thatch, and the manure steamed
in the midden. Silas never omitted the manure. It was not Silas's fault
that its steam provided the only up-rising element in the picture. If
Silas could have discovered a brand of steam that steamed downwards,
Silas would have introduced it.

Under the harsh shadows and highlights of Silas's jacket was an elegant
affair of Edwardian curlicues and Baroque nonsense, entitled _Bells on
Her Toes_. Which was Rupert Rouge being arch about vice. Rupert Rouge
always seduced you into laughter for the first three pages. About Page
Three you noticed that Rupert had learned from that very arch (but of
course not vicious) creature George Bernard Shaw that the easiest way to
sound witty was to use that cheap and convenient method, the paradox.
After that you could see the jokes coming three sentences away.

The thing with a red gun-flash across a night-green cover was Oscar
Oakley's latest. Toughs talking out of the corners of their mouths in
synthetic American that had neither the wit nor the pungency of the
real thing. Blondes, chromium bars, breakneck chases. Very remarkable

_The Case of the Missing Tin-opener_, by John James Mark, had three
errors of procedure in the first two pages, and had at least provided
Grant with a pleasant five minutes while he composed an imaginary letter
to its author.

He could not remember what the thin blue book at the bottom of the pile
was. Something earnest and statistical, he thought. Tsetse flies, or
calories, or sex behaviour, or something.

Even in that, you knew what to expect on the next page. Did no one, any
more, no one in all this wide world, change their record now and then?
Was everyone nowadays thrilled to a formula? Authors today wrote so much
to a pattern that their public expected it. The public talked about 'a
new Silas Weekley' or 'a new Lavinia Fitch' exactly as they talked about
'a new brick' or 'a new hairbrush'. They never said 'a new book by'
whoever it might be. Their interest was not in the book but in its
newness. They knew quite well what the book would be like.

It might be a good thing, Grant thought as he turned his nauseated gaze
away from the motley pile, if all the presses of the world were stopped
for a generation. There ought to be a literary moratorium. Some Superman
ought to invent a ray that would stop them all simultaneously. Then
people wouldn't send you a lot of fool nonsense when you were flat on
your back, and bossy bits of Meissen wouldn't expect you to read them.

He heard the door open, but did not stir himself to look. He had turned
his face to the wall, literally and metaphorically.

He heard someone come across to his bed, and closed his eyes against
possible conversation. He wanted neither Gloucestershire sympathy nor
Lancashire briskness just now. In the succeeding pause a faint
enticement, a nostalgic breath of all the fields of Grasse, teased his
nostrils and swam about his brain. He savoured it and considered. The
Midget smelt of lavender dusting powder, and The Amazon of soap and
iodoform. What was floating expensively about his nostrils was _L'Enclos
Numéro Cinq_. Only one person of his acquaintance used L'Enclos Number
Five. Marta Hallard.

He opened an eye and squinted up at her. She had evidently bent over to
see if he was asleep, and was now standing in an irresolute way--if
anything Marta did could be said to be irresolute--with her attention on
the heap of all too obviously virgin publications on the table. In one
arm she was carrying two new books, and in the other a great sheaf of
white lilac. He wondered whether she had chosen white lilac because it
was her idea of the proper floral offering for winter (it adorned her
dressing-room at the theatre from December to March), or whether she had
taken it because it would not detract from her black-and-white chic. She
was wearing a new hat and her usual pearls; the pearls which he had once
been the means of recovering for her. She looked very handsome, very
Parisian, and blessedly unhospital-like.

'Did I waken you, Alan?'

'No. I wasn't asleep.'

'I seem to be bringing the proverbial coals,' she said, dropping the two
books alongside their despised brethren. 'I hope you will find these more
interesting than you seem to have found that lot. Didn't you even try a
little teensy taste of our Lavinia?'

'I can't read anything.'

'Are you in pain?'

'Agony. But it's neither my leg nor my back.'

'What then?'

'It's what my cousin Laura calls "the prickles of boredom."'

'Poor Alan. And how right your Laura is.' She picked a bunch of narcissi
out of a glass that was much too large for them, dropped them with one of
her best gestures into the washbasin, and proceeded to substitute the
lilac. 'One would expect boredom to be a great yawning emotion, but it
isn't, of course. It's a small niggling thing.'

'Small nothing. Niggling nothing. It's like being beaten with nettles.'

'Why don't you take up something?'

'Improve the shining hour?'

'Improve your mind. To say nothing of your soul and your temper. You
might study one of the philosophies. Yoga, or something like that. But I
suppose an analytical mind is not the best kind to bring to the
consideration of the abstract.'

'I did think of going back to algebra. I have an idea that I never did
algebra justice, at school. But I've done so much geometry on that damned
ceiling that I'm a little off mathematics.'

'Well, I suppose it is no use suggesting jigsaws to someone in your
position. How about cross-words? I could get you a book of them, if you

'God forbid.'

'You could invent them, of course. I have heard that that is more fun
than solving them.'

'Perhaps. But a dictionary weighs several pounds. Besides, I always did
hate looking up something in a reference book.'

'Do you play chess? I don't remember. How about chess problems? White to
play and mate in three moves, or something like that.'

'My only interest in chess is pictorial.'


'Very decorative things, knights and pawns and what-not. Very elegant.'

'Charming. I _could_ bring you along a set to play with. All right, no
chess. You could do some academic investigating. That's a sort of
mathematics. Finding a solution to an unsolved problem.'

'Crime, you mean? I know all the case-histories by heart. And there is
nothing more that can be done about any of them. Certainly not by someone
who is flat on his back.'

'I didn't mean something out of the files at the Yard. I meant something
more--what's the word?--something classic. Something that has puzzled the
world for ages.'

'As what, for instance?'

'Say, the casket letters.'

'Oh, _not_ Mary Queen of Scots!'

'Why not?' asked Marta, who like all actresses saw Mary Stuart through a
haze of white veils.

'I could be interested in a bad woman but never in a silly one.'

'_Silly?_' said Marta in her best lower-register Electra voice.

'_Very_ silly.'

'Oh, Alan, how can you!'

'If she had worn another kind of headdress no one would ever have
bothered about her. It's that cap that seduces people.'

'You think she would have loved less greatly in a sun-bonnet?'

'She never loved greatly at all, in any kind of bonnet.'

Marta looked as scandalised as a lifetime in the theatre and an hour of
careful make-up allowed her to.

'Why do you think that?'

'Mary Stuart was six feet tall. Nearly all outsize women are cold. Ask
any doctor.'

And as he said it he wondered why, in all the years since Marta had first
adopted him as a spare escort when she needed one, it had not occurred to
him to wonder whether her notorious level-headedness about men had
something to do with her inches. But Marta had not drawn any parallels;
her mind was still on her favourite Queen.

'At least she was a martyr. You'll have to allow her that.'

'Martyr to what?'

'Her religion.'

'The only thing she was a martyr to was rheumatism. She married Darnley
without the Pope's dispensation, and Bothwell by Protestant rites.'

'In a moment you'll be telling me she wasn't a prisoner!'

'The trouble with you is that you think of her in a little room at the
top of a castle, with bars on the window and a faithful old attendant to
share her prayers with her. In actual fact she had a personal household
of sixty persons. She complained bitterly when it was reduced to a
beggarly thirty, and nearly died of chagrin when it was reduced to two
male secretaries, several women, an embroiderer, and a cook or two. And
Elizabeth had to pay for all that out of her own purse. For twenty years
she paid, and for twenty years Mary Stuart hawked the crown of Scotland
round Europe to anyone who would start a revolution and put her back on
the throne that she had lost; or, alternatively, on the one Elizabeth was
sitting on.'

He looked at Marta and found that she was smiling.

'Are they a little better now?' she asked.

'Are what better?'

'The prickles.'

He laughed.

'Yes. For a whole minute I had forgotten about them. That is at least one
good thing to be put down to Mary Stuart's account!'

'How do you know so much about Mary?'

'I did an essay about her in my last year at school.'

'And didn't like her, I take it.'

'Didn't like what I found out about her.'

'You don't think her tragic, then.'

'Oh, yes, very. But not tragic in any of the ways that popular belief
makes her tragic. Her tragedy was that she was born a Queen with the
outlook of a suburban housewife. Scoring off Mrs Tudor in the next street
is harmless and amusing; it may lead you into unwarrantable indulgence in
hire-purchase, but it affects only yourself. When you use the same
technique on kingdoms the result is disastrous. If you are willing to put
a country of ten million people in pawn in order to score off a royal
rival, then you end by being a friendless failure.' He lay thinking about
it for a little. 'She would have been a wild success as a mistress at a
girls' school.'


'I meant it nicely. The staff would have liked her, and all the little
girls would have adored her. That is what I meant about her being

'Ah well. No casket letters, it seems. What else is there? The Man In The
Iron Mask.'

'I can't remember who that was, but I couldn't be interested in anyone
who was being coy behind some tinplate. I couldn't be interested in
anyone at all unless I could see his face.'

'Ah, yes. I forgot your passion for faces. The Borgias had wonderful
faces. I should think they would provide a little mystery or two for you
to dabble in if you looked them up. Or there was Perkin Warbeck, of
course. Imposture is always fascinating. Was he or wasn't he. A lovely
game. The balance can never come down wholly on one side or the other.
You push it over and up it comes again, like one of those weighted toys.'

The door opened and Mrs Tinker's homely face appeared in the aperture
surmounted by her still more homely and historic hat. Mrs Tinker had worn
the same hat since first she began to 'do' for Grant, and he could not
imagine her in any other. That she did possess another one he knew,
because it went with something that she referred to as 'me blue'. Her
'blue' was an occasional affair, in both senses, and never appeared at 19
Tenby Court. It was worn with a ritualistic awareness, and having been
worn it was used in the event as a yardstick by which to judge the
proceedings. ('Did you enjoy it, Tink? What was it like?' 'Not
worth putting on me blue for.') She had worn it to Princess
Elizabeth's wedding, and to various other royal functions, and had indeed
figured in it for two flashing seconds in a newsreel shot of the Duchess
of Kent cutting a ribbon, but to Grant it was a mere report; a criterion
of the social worth of an occasion. A thing was or was not worth putting
on 'me blue' for.

'I 'eard you 'ad a visitor,' said Mrs Tinker, 'and I was all set to go
away again when I thought the voice sounded familiar like, and I says to
meself: "It's only Miss Hallard," I says, so I come in.'

She was carrying various paper bags and a small tight bunch of anemones.
She greeted Marta as woman to woman, having been in her time a dresser
and having therefore no exaggerated reverence for the goddesses of the
theatre world, and looked askance at the beautiful arrangement of lilac
sprays that had blossomed under Marta's ministrations. Marta did not see
the glance but she saw the little bunch of anemones and took over the
situation as if it were something already rehearsed.

'I squander my vagabond's hire on white lilac for you, and then Mrs
Tinker puts my nose out of joint by bringing you the Lilies Of The

'Lilies?' said Mrs Tinker, doubtfully.

'Those are the Solomon in all his glory things. The ones that toiled not
neither did they spin.'

Mrs Tinker went to church only for weddings and christenings, but she
belonged to a generation that had been sent to Sunday school. She looked
with a new interest at the little handful of glory incased by her woollen

'Well, now. I never knew that. Makes more sense that way, don't it. I
always pictured them arums. Fields and fields of arums. Awful expensive,
you know, but a bit depressing. So they was coloured? Well, why can't
they say so? What do they have to call them lilies for!'

And they went on to talk about translation, and how misleading Holy Writ
could be ('I always wondered what bread on the waters was', Mrs Tinker
said) and the awkward moment was over.

While they were still busy with the Bible, The Midget came in with extra
flower vases. Grant noticed that the vases were designed to hold white
lilac and not anemones. They were tribute to Marta; a passport to further
communing. But Marta never bothered about women unless she had an
immediate use for them; her tact with Mrs Tinker had been mere _savoir
faire_; a conditioned reflex. So The Midget was reduced to being
functional instead of social. She collected the discarded narcissi from
the washbasin and meekly put them back into a vase. The Midget being meek
was the most beautiful sight that had gladdened Grant's eyes for a long

'Well,' Marta said, having finished her arrangement of the lilac and
placed the result where he could see it, 'I shall leave Mrs Tinker to
feed you all the titbits out of those paper bags. It couldn't be, could
it, Mrs Tinker darling, that one of those bags contains any of your
wonderful bachelor's buttons?'

Mrs Tinker glowed.

'You'd like one or two maybe? Fresh outa me oven?'

'Well, of course I shall have to do penance for it afterwards those
little rich cakes are death on the waist but just give me a couple to put
in my bag for my tea at the theatre.'

She chose two with a flattering deliberation ('I like them a little brown
at the edges'), dropped them into her handbag, and said: 'Well, au
revoir, Alan. I shall look in, in a day or two, and start you on a sock.
There is nothing so soothing, I understand, as knitting. Isn't that so,

'Oh, yes. Yes, indeed. A lot of my gentlemen patients take to knitting.
They find it whiles away the time very nicely.'

Marta blew him a kiss from the door and was gone, followed by the
respectful Midget.

'I'd be surprised if that hussy is any better than she ought to be,' Mrs
Tinker said, beginning to open the paper bags. She was not referring to


But when Marta came back two days later it was not with knitting needles
and wool. She breezed in, very dashing in a Cossack hat worn at a casual
rake that must have taken her several minutes at her mirror, just after

'I haven't come to stay, my dear. I'm on my way to the theatre. It's
matinée day, God help me. Tea trays and morons. And we've all got to the
frightful stage when the lines have ceased to have any meaning at all for
us. I don't think this play is ever coming off. It's going to be like
those New York ones that run by the decade instead of by the year. It's
too frightening. One's mind just won't stay on the thing. Geoffrey dried
up in the middle of the second act last night. His eyes nearly popped out
of his head. I thought for a moment he was having a stroke. He said
afterwards that he had no recollection of anything that happened between
his entrance and the point where he came to and found himself half-way
through the act.'

'A black-out, you mean?'

'No. Oh, no. Just being an automaton. Saying the lines and doing the
business and thinking of something else all the time.'

'If all reports are true that's no unusual matter where actors are

'Oh, in moderation, no. Johnny Garson can tell you how much paper there
is in the house while he is sobbing his heart out on someone's lap. But
that's different from being "away" for half an act. Do you realise that
Geoffrey had turned his son out of the house, quarrelled with his
mistress, and accused his wife of having an affaire with his best friend
all without being aware of it?'

'What was he aware of?'

'He says he had decided to lease his Park Lane flat to Dolly Dacre and
buy that Charles The Second house at Richmond that the Latimers are
giving up because he has got that Governor's appointment. He had thought
about the lack of bathrooms and decided that the little upstairs room
with the eighteenth-century Chinese paper would make a very good one.
They could remove the beautiful paper and use it to decorate that dull
little room downstairs at the back. It's full of Victorian panelling, the
dull little room. He had also reviewed the drainage, wondered if he had
enough money to take the old tiling off and replace it, and speculated as
to what kind of cooking range they had in the kitchen. He had just
decided to get rid of the shrubbery at the gate when he found himself
face to face with me, on a stage, in the presence of nine hundred and
eighty-seven people, in the middle of a speech. Do you wonder that his
eyes popped. I see that you have managed to read at least one of the
books I brought you if the rumpled jacket is any criterion.'

'Yes. The mountain one. It was a godsend. I lay for hours looking at the
pictures. Nothing puts things in perspective as quickly as a mountain.'

'The stars are better, I find.'

'Oh, _no_. The stars merely reduce one to the status of an amoeba. The
stars take the last vestige of human pride, the last spark of confidence,
from one. But a snow mountain is a nice human-size yard-stick. I lay and
looked at Everest and thanked God that I wasn't climbing those slopes. A
hospital bed was a haven of warmth and rest and security by comparison,
and The Midget and The Amazon two of the highest achievements of

'Ah, well, here are some more pictures for you.'

Marta up-ended the quarto envelope she was carrying, and spilled a
collection of paper sheets over his chest.

'What is this?'

'Faces,' said Marta, delightedly. 'Dozens of faces for you. Men, women,
and children. All sorts, conditions, and sizes.'

He picked a sheet off his chest and looked at it. It was an engraving of
a fifteenth-century portrait. A woman.

'Who is this?'

'Lucrezia Borgia. Isn't she a duck.'

'Perhaps, but are you suggesting that there was any mystery about her?'

'Oh, yes. No one has ever decided whether she was her brother's tool or
his accomplice.'

He discarded Lucrezia, and picked up a second sheet. This proved to be
the portrait of a small boy in late-eighteenth-century clothes, and under
it in faint capitals was printed the words: Louis XVII.

'Now there's a _beautiful_ mystery for you,' Marta said. 'The Dauphin.
Did he escape or did he die in captivity?'

'Where did you get all these?'

'I routed James out of his cubby-hole at the Victoria and Albert, and
made him take me to a print shop. I knew he would know about that sort of
thing, and I'm sure he has nothing to interest him at the V. and A.'

It was so like Marta to take it for granted that a Civil Servant, because
he happened also to be a playwright and an authority on portraits, should
be willing to leave his work and delve about in print shops for her

He turned up the photograph of an Elizabethan portrait. A man in velvet
and pearls. He turned the back to see who this might be and found that it
was the Earl of Leicester.

'So that is Elizabeth's Robin,' he said. 'I don't think I ever saw a
portrait of him before.'

Marta looked down on the virile fleshy face and said: 'It occurs to me
for the first time that one of the major tragedies of history is that the
best painters didn't paint you till you were past your best. Robin must
have been quite a man. They say Henry the Eighth was dazzling as a young
man, but what is he now? Something on a playing card. Nowadays, we know
what Tennyson was like before he grew that frightful beard. I must fly.
I'm late as it is. I've been lunching at the Blague, and so many people
came up to talk that I couldn't get away as early as I meant to.'

'I hope your host was impressed,' Grant said, with a glance at the hat.

'Oh, yes. She knows about hats. She took one look and said "Jacques Tous,
I take it".'

'She!' said Grant surprised.

'Yes. Madeleine March. And it was I who was giving her luncheon. Don't
look so astonished: it isn't tactful. I'm hoping, if you must know, that
she'll write me that play about Lady Blessington. But there was such a
to-ing and fro-ing that I had no chance to make any impression on her.
However, I gave her a wonderful meal. Which reminds me that Tony
Bittmaker was entertaining a party of seven. Magnums galore. How do you
imagine he keeps going?'

'Lack of evidence,' Grant said, and she laughed and went away.

In the silence he went back to considering Elizabeth's Robin. What
mystery was there about Robin?

Oh, yes. Amy Robsart, of course.

Well, he wasn't interested in Amy Robsart. He didn't care how she had
fallen down stairs, or why.

But he spent a very happy afternoon with the rest of the faces. Long
before he had entered the Force he had taken a delight in faces, and in
his years at the Yard that interest had proved both a private
entertainment and a professional advantage. He had once in his early days
dropped in with his Superintendent at an identification parade. It was
not his case, and they were both there on other business, but they
lingered in the background and watched while a man and a woman,
separately, walked down the line of twelve nondescript men, looking for
the one they hoped to recognise.

'Which is Chummy, do you know?' the Super had whispered to him.

'I don't know,' Grant had said, 'but I can guess.'

'You can? Which do you make it?'

'The third from the left.'

'What is the charge?'

'I don't know. Don't know anything about it.'

His chief had cast him an amused glance. But when both the man and the
woman had failed to identify anyone and had gone away, and the line broke
into a chattering group, hitching collars and settling ties preparatory
to going back to the street and the world of everyday from which they had
been summoned to assist the Law, the one who did not move was the third
man from the left. The third man from the left waited submissively for
his escort and was led away to his cell again.

'Strewth!' the Superintendent had said. 'One chance out of twelve, and
you made it. That was good going. He picked your man out of the bunch,'
he said in explanation to the local Inspector.

'Did you know him?' the Inspector said, a little surprised. 'He's never
been in trouble before, as far as we know.'

'No, I never saw him before. I don't even know what the charge is.'

'Then what made you pick him?'

Grant had hesitated, analysing for the first time his process of
selection. It had not been a matter of reasoning. He had not said: 'That
man's face has this characteristic or that characteristic, therefore he
is the accused person.' His choice had been almost instinctive; the
reason was in his subconscious. At last, having delved into his
subconscious, he blurted: 'He was the only one of the twelve with no
lines on his face.'

They had laughed at that. But Grant, once he had pulled the thing into
the light, saw how his instinct had worked and recognised the reasoning
behind it. 'It sounds silly, but it isn't,' he had said. 'The only adult
entirely without face lines is the idiot.'

'Freeman's no idiot, take it from me,' the Inspector broke in. 'A very
wide-awake wide boy he is, believe me.'

'I didn't mean that. I mean that the idiot is irresponsible. The idiot is
the standard of irresponsibility. All those twelve men in that parade
were thirty-ish, but only one had an irresponsible face. So I picked him
at once.'

After that it had become a mild joke at the Yard that Grant could 'pick
them at sight'. And the Assistant Commissioner had once said teasingly:
'Don't tell me that you believe that there is such a thing as a criminal
face, Inspector.'

But Grant had said no, he wasn't as simple as that. 'If there was only
one kind of crime, sir, it might be possible; but crimes being as wide as
human nature, if a policeman started to put faces into categories he
would be sunk. You can tell what the normal run of disreputable women
look like by a walk down Bond Street any day between five and six, and
yet the most notorious woman in London looks like a cold saint.'

'Not so saintly of late; she's drinking too much these days,' the A.C.
had said, identifying the lady without difficulty; and the conversation
had gone on to other things.

But Grant's interest in faces had remained and enlarged until it became a
conscious study. A matter of case records and comparisons. It was, as he
had said, not possible to put faces into any kind of category, but it was
possible to characterise individual faces. In a reprint of a famous
trial, for instance, where photographs of the principal actors in the
case were displayed for the public's interest, there was never any doubt
as to which was the accused and which the judge. Occasionally, one of the
counsel might on looks have changed places with the prisoner in the
dock--counsel were after all a mere cross-section of humanity, as liable
to passion and greed as the rest of the world, but a judge had a special
quality; an integrity and a detachment. So, even without a wig, one did
not confuse him with the man in the dock, who had had neither integrity
nor detachment.

Maria's James, having been dragged from his 'cubby-hole', had evidently
enjoyed himself, and a fine selection of offenders, or their victims,
kept Grant entertained until The Midget brought his tea. As he tidied the
sheets together to put them away in his locker his hand came in contact
with one that had slipped off his chest and had lain all the afternoon
unnoticed on the counterpane. He picked it up and looked at it.

It was the portrait of a man dressed in the velvet cap and slashed
doublet of the late fifteenth century. A man about thirty-five or
thirty-six years old, lean and clean shaven. He wore a rich jewelled
collar, and was in the act of putting a ring on the little finger of his
right hand. But he was not looking at the ring. He was looking off into

Of all the portraits Grant had seen this afternoon this was the most
individual. It was as if the artist had striven to put on canvas
something that his talent was not sufficient to translate into paint. The
expression in the eyes--that most arresting and individual
expression--had defeated him. So had the mouth: he had not known how to
make lips so thin and so wide look mobile, so the mouth was wooden and a
failure. What he had best succeeded in was in the bone structure of the
face: the strong cheekbones, the hollows below them, the chin too large
for strength.

Grant paused in the act of turning the thing over, to consider the face a
moment longer. A judge? A soldier? A prince? Someone used to great
responsibility, and responsible in his authority. Someone
too-conscientious. A worrier; perhaps a perfectionist. A man at ease in a
large design, but anxious over details. A candidate for gastric ulcer.
Someone, too, who had suffered ill-health as a child. He had that
incommunicable, that indescribable look that childhood suffering leaves
behind it; less positive than the look on a cripple's face, but as
inescapable. This the artist had both understood and translated into
terms of paint. The slight fullness of the lower eyelid, like a child
that has slept too heavily; the texture of the skin; the old-man look in
a young face.

He turned the portrait over to look for a caption.

On the back was printed: _Richard the Third. From the portrait in the
National Portrait Gallery. Artist Unknown._

Richard the Third.

So that was who it was. Richard the Third. Crouchback. The monster of
nursery stories. The destroyer of innocence. A synonym for villainy.

He turned the paper over and looked again. Was that what the artist had
tried to convey when he had painted those eyes? Had what he had seen in
those eyes been the look of a man haunted?

He lay a long time looking at that face; at those extraordinary eyes.
They were long eyes, set close under the brows; the brows slightly drawn
in that worried, over-conscientious frown. At first glance they appeared
to be peering; but as one looked one found that they were in fact
withdrawn, almost absent-minded.

When The Midget came back for his tray he was still staring at the
portrait. Nothing like this had come his way for years. It made La
Giaconda look like a poster.

The Midget examined his virgin teacup, put a practised hand against the
teapot's tepid cheek, and pouted. She had better things to do, she
conveyed, than bring him trays for him to ignore.

He pushed the portrait at her.

What did she think of it? If that man were her patient what would be her

'Liver,' she said crisply, and bore away the tray in heel-tapping
protest, all starch and blonde curls.

But the surgeon, strolling in against her draught, kindly and casual, had
other views. He looked at the portrait, as invited, and said after a
moment's interested scrutiny:


'Infantile paralysis?' Grant said; and remembered all of a sudden that
Richard III had a withered arm.

'Who is it?' the surgeon asked.

'Richard the Third.'

'Really? That's interesting.'

'Did you know that he had a withered arm?'

'Had he? I didn't remember that. I thought he was a hunchback.'

'So he was.'

'What I do remember is that he was born with a full set of teeth and ate
live frogs. Well, my diagnosis seems to be abnormally accurate.'

'Uncanny. What made you choose polio?'

'I don't quite know, now that you ask me to be definitive, just the look
of the face, I suppose. It's the look one sees on the face of a crippled
child. If he was born hunchbacked that probably accounts for it and not
polio. I notice the artist has left out the hump.'

'Yes. Court painters have to have a modicum of tact. It wasn't until
Cromwell that sitters asked for "warts and all".'

'If you ask me,' the surgeon said, absentmindedly considering the splint
on Grant's leg, 'Cromwell started that inverted snobbery from which we
are all suffering today. "I'm a plain man, I am; no nonsense about me."
And no manners, grace, or generosity, either.' He pinched Grant's toe
with detached interest. 'It's a raging disease. A horrible perversion. In
some parts of the States, I understand, it's as much as a man's political
life is worth to go to some constituencies with his tie tied and his coat
on. That's being stuffed-shirt. The beau ideal is to be one of the boys.
That's looking very healthy,' he added, referring to Grant's big toe, and
came back of his own accord to the portrait lying on the counterpane.

'Interesting,' he said, 'that about the polio. Perhaps it really was
polio, and that accounts for the shrunken arm.' He went on considering
it, making no movement to go. 'Interesting, anyhow. Portrait of a
murderer. Does he run to type, would you say?'

'There isn't a murder type. People murder for too many different reasons.
But I can't remember any murderer, either in my own experience, or in
case-histories, who resembled him.'

'Of course he was _hors concours_ in his class, wasn't he. He couldn't have
known the meaning of scruple.'


'I once saw Olivier play him. The most dazzling exhibition of sheer evil,
it was. Always on the verge of toppling over into the grotesque, and
never doing it.'

'When I showed you the portrait,' Grant said, 'before you knew who it
was, did you think of villainy?'

'No,' said the surgeon, 'no, I thought of illness.'

'It's odd, isn't it. I didn't think of villainy either. And now that I
know who it is, now that I've read the name on the back, I can't think of
it as anything but villainous.'

'I suppose villainy, like beauty, is in the eye of the beholder. Well,
I'll look in again towards the end of the week. No pain to speak of now?'

And he went away, kindly and casual as he had come.

It was only after he had given the portrait further puzzled consideration
(it piqued him to have mistaken one of the most notorious murderers of
all time for a judge; to have transferred a subject from the dock to the
bench was a shocking piece of ineptitude) that it occurred to Grant that
the portrait had been provided as the illustration to a piece of

What mystery was there about Richard III?

And then he remembered. Richard had murdered his two boy nephews, but no
one knew how. They had merely disappeared. They had disappeared, if he
remembered rightly, while Richard was away from London. Richard had sent
someone to do the deed. But the mystery of the children's actual fate had
never been solved. Two skeletons had turned up--under some stairs?--in
Charles II's day, and had been buried. It was taken for granted that the
skeletons were the remains of the young princes, but nothing had ever
been proved.

It was shocking how little history remained with one after a good
education. All he knew about Richard III was that he was the younger
brother of Edward IV. That Edward was a blond six-footer with remarkable
good looks and a still more remarkable way with women; and that Richard
was a hunchback who usurped the throne on his brother's death in place of
the boy heir, and arranged the death of that heir and his small brother
to save himself any further trouble. He also knew that Richard had died
at the battle of Bosworth yelling for a horse, and that he was the last
of his line. The last Plantagenet.

Every schoolboy turned over the final page of Richard III with relief,
because now at last the Wars of the Roses were over and they could get on
to the Tudors, who were dull but easy to follow.

When The Midget came to tidy him up for the night Grant said: 'You don't
happen to have a history book, by any chance, do you?'

'A history book? No. What would I be doing with a history book.' It was
not a question, so Grant did not try to provide an answer. His silence
seemed to fret her.

'If you really want a history book,' she said presently, 'you could ask
Nurse Darroll when she brings your supper. She has all her schoolbooks on
a shelf in her room and it's quite possible she has a history among

How like The Amazon to keep her schoolbooks! he thought. She was still
homesick for school as she was homesick for Gloucestershire every time
the daffodils bloomed. When she lumbered into the room, bearing his
cheese pudding and stewed rhubarb, he looked at her with a tolerance that
bordered on the benevolent. She ceased to be a large female who breathed
like a suction-pump and became a potential dispenser of delight.

Oh yes, she had a history book, she said. Indeed, she rather thought that
she had two. She had kept all her schoolbooks because she had loved

It was on the tip of Grant's tongue to ask her if she had kept her dolls,
but he stopped himself in time.

'And of course I loved history,' she said. 'It was my favourite subject.
Richard the Lionheart was my hero.'

'An intolerable bounder,' Grant said.

'Oh, no!' she said, looking wounded.

'A hyperthyroid type,' Grant said pitilessly. 'Rocketing to and fro about
the earth like a badly made firework. Are you going off duty now?'

'Whenever I've finished my trays.'

'Could you find that book for me tonight?'

'You're supposed to be going to sleep, not staying awake over history

'I might as well read some history as look at the ceiling which is the
alternative. Will you get it for me?'

'I don't think I could go all the way up to the Nurses' Block and back
again tonight for someone who is rude about the Lionheart.'

'All right,' he said. 'I'm not the stuff that martyrs are made of. As far
as I'm concerned Coeur-de-Lion is the pattern of chivalry, the chevalier
sans peur et sans reproche, a faultless commander and a triple D.S.O. Now
will you get the book?'

'It seems to me you've sore need to read a little history,' she said,
smoothing a mitred sheet-corner with a large admiring hand, 'so I'll
bring you the book when I come past. I'm going out to the pictures

It was nearly an hour before she reappeared, immense in a camel-hair
coat. The room lights had been put out and she materialised into the
light of his reading-lamp like some kindly genie.

'I was hoping you'd be asleep,' she said. 'I don't really think you
should start on these tonight.'

'If there is anything that is likely to put me to sleep,' he said, 'it
would be an English history book. So you can hold hands with a clear

'I'm going with Nurse Burrows.'

'You can still hold hands.'

'I've no patience with you,' she said patiently and faded backwards into
the gloom.

She had brought two books.

One was the kind of history book known as a Historical Reader. It bore
the same relation to history as Stories from the Bible bears to Holy
Writ. Canute rebuked his courtiers on the shore, Alfred burned the cakes,
Raleigh spread his cloak for Elizabeth, Nelson took leave of Hardy in his
cabin on the Victory, all in nice clear large print and one-sentence
paragraphs. To each episode went one full-page illustration.

There was something curiously touching in the fact that The Amazon should
treasure this childish literature. He turned to the fly-leaf to see if
her name was there. On the fly-leaf was written:

Ella Darroll,
 Form III
  Newbridge High School
       The World
        The Universe.

This was surrounded by a fine selection of coloured transfers.

Did all children do that, he wondered? Write their names like that, and
spend their time in class making transfers. He certainly had. And the
sight of those squares of bright primitive colour brought back his
childhood as nothing had for many years. He had forgotten the excitement
of transfers. That wonderfully satisfying moment when you began the
peeling-off and saw that it was coming perfectly. The adult world held
few such gratifications. A clean smacking drive at golf, perhaps, was the
nearest. Or the moment when your line tightened and you knew that the
fish had struck.

The little book pleased him so much that he went through it at his
leisure. Solemnly reading each childish story. This, after all, was the
history that every adult remembered. This was what remained in their
minds when tonnage and poundage, and ship money, and Laud's Liturgy, and
the Rye House Plot, and the Triennial Acts, and all the long muddle of
schism and shindy, treaty and treason, had faded from their

The Richard III story, when he came to it, was called _The Princes In The
Tower_, and it seemed that young Ella had found the Princes a poor
substitute for Coeur-de-Lion, since she had filled every small O
throughout the tale with neat pencil shading. The two golden-haired boys
who played together in the sunbeam from the barred window in the
accompanying picture had each been provided with a pair of anachronistic
spectacles, and on the blank back of the picture-page someone had been
playing Noughts and Crosses. As far as young Ella was concerned the
Princes were a dead loss.

And yet it was a sufficiently arresting little story. Macabre enough to
delight any child's heart. The innocent children; the wicked uncle. The
classic ingredients in a tale of classic simplicity.

It had also a moral. It was the perfect cautionary tale.

But the King won no profit from this wicked deed. The people of England
were shocked by his cold-blooded cruelty and decided that they would no
longer have him for King. They sent for a distant cousin of Richard's,
Henry Tudor, who was living in France, to come and be crowned King in his
stead. Richard died bravely in the battle which resulted, but he had made
his name hated throughout the country and many deserted him to fight for
his rival.

Well, it was neat but not gaudy. Reporting at its simplest.

He turned to the second book.

The second book was the School History proper. The two thousand years of
England's story were neatly parcelled into compartments for ready
reference. The compartments, as usual, were reigns. It was no wonder that
one pinned a personality to a reign, forgetful that that personality had
known and lived under other kings. One put them in pigeon-holes
automatically. Pepys: Charles II. Shakespeare: Elizabeth. Marlborough:
Queen Anne. It never crossed one's mind that someone who had seen Queen
Elizabeth could also have seen George I. One had been conditioned to the
reign idea from childhood.

However it did simplify things when you were just a policeman with a game
leg and a concussed spine hunting up some information on dead and gone
royalties to keep yourself from going crazy.

He was surprised to find the reign of Richard III so short. To have made
oneself one of the best-known rulers in all those two thousand years of
England's history, and to have had only two years to do it in, surely
augured a towering personality. If Richard had not made friends he had
certainly influenced people.

The history book, too, thought that he had personality.

Richard was a man of great ability, but quite unscrupulous as to his
means. He boldly claimed the crown on the absurd ground that his
brother's marriage with Elizabeth Woodville had been illegal and the
children of it illegitimate. He was accepted by the people who dreaded a
minority, and began his reign by making a progress through the south,
where he was well received. During this progress, however, the two young
Princes who were living in the Tower, disappeared, and were believed to
have been murdered. A serious rebellion followed, which Richard put down
with great ferocity. In order to recover some of his lost popularity he
held a Parliament, which passed useful statutes against Benevolences,
Maintenance, and Livery.

But a second rebellion followed. This took the form of an invasion, with
French troops, by the head of the Lancaster branch, Henry Tudor. He
encountered Richard at Bosworth, near Leicester, where the treachery of
the Stanleys gave the day to Henry. Richard was killed in the battle,
fighting courageously, leaving behind him a name hardly less infamous
than that of John.

What on earth were Benevolences, Maintenance, and Livery?

And how did the English like having the succession decided for them by
French troops?

But, of course, in the days of the Roses, France was still a sort of
semi-detached part of England; a country much less foreign to an
Englishman than Ireland was. A fifteenth-century Englishman went to
France as a matter of course; but to Ireland only under protest.

He lay and thought about that England. The England over which the Wars of
the Roses had been fought. A green, green England; with not a
chimney-stack from Cumberland to Cornwall. An England still unhedged,
with great forests alive with game, and wide marshes thick with
wild-fowl. An England with the same small group of dwellings repeated
every few miles in endless permutation: castle, church, and cottages;
monastery, church, and cottages; manor, church, and cottages. The strips
of cultivation round the cluster of dwellings, and beyond that the
greenness. The unbroken greenness. The deep-rutted lanes that ran from
group to group, mired to bog in the winter and white with dust in the
summer; decorated with wild roses or red with hawthorn as the seasons
came and went.

For thirty years, over this green uncrowded land, the Wars of the Roses
had been fought. But it had been more of a blood feud than a war. A
Montague and Capulet affair; of no great concern to the average
Englishman. No one pushed in at your door to demand whether you were York
or Lancaster and to hale you off to a concentration camp if your answer
proved to be the wrong one for the occasion. It was a small concentrated
war; almost a private party. They fought a battle in your lower meadow,
and turned your kitchen into a dressing-station, and then moved off
somewhere or other to fight a battle somewhere else, and a few weeks
later you would hear what had happened at that battle, and you would have
a family row about the result because your wife was probably Lancaster
and you were perhaps York, and it was all rather like following rival
football teams. No one persecuted you for being a Lancastrian or a
Yorkist, any more than you would be persecuted for being an Arsenal fan
or a Chelsea follower.

He was still thinking of that green England when he fell asleep.

And he was not a whit wiser about the two young Princes and their fate.


'Can't you find something more cheerful to look at than that thing?' The
Midget asked next morning, referring to the Richard portrait which Grant
had propped up against the pile of books on his bed-side table.

'You don't find it an interesting face?'

'Interesting! It gives me the willies. A proper Dismal Desmond.'

'According to the history books he was a man of great ability.'

'So was Bluebeard.'

'And considerable popularity, it would seem.'

'So was Bluebeard.'

'A very fine soldier, too,' Grant said wickedly, and waited. 'No
Bluebeard offers?'

'What do you want to look at that face for? Who was he anyway?'

'Richard the Third.'

'Oh, well, I ask you!'

'You mean that's what you expected him to look like.'



'A murdering brute, wasn't he?'

'You seem to know your history.'

'Everyone knows that. Did away with his two little nephews, poor brats.
Had them smothered.'

'Smothered?' said Grant, interested. 'I didn't know that.'

'Smothered with pillows.' She banged his own pillows with a fragile
vigorous fist, and replaced them with speed and precision.

'Why smothering? Why not poison?' Grant inquired.

'Don't ask me. I didn't arrange it.'

'Who said they were smothered?'

'My history book at school said it.'

'Yes, but whom was the history book quoting?'

'Quoting? It wasn't quoting anything. It was just giving facts.'

'Who smothered them, did it say?'

'A man called Tyrrel. Didn't you do any history, at school?'

'I attended history lessons. It is not the same thing. Who was Tyrrel?'

'I haven't the remotest. A friend of Richard's.'

'How did anyone know it was Tyrrel?'

'He confessed.'


'After he had been found guilty, of course. Before he was hanged.'

'You mean that this Tyrrel was actually hanged for the murder of the two

'Yes, of course. Shall I take that dreary face away and put up something
gayer? There were quite a lot of nice faces in that bundle Miss Hallard
brought you yesterday.'

'I'm not interested in nice faces. I'm interested only in dreary ones; in
"murdering brutes" who are "men of great ability".'

'Well, there's no accounting for tastes,' said The Midget inevitably.
'And _I_ don't have to look at it, thank goodness. But in my humble
estimation it's enough to prevent bones knitting, so help me it is.'

'Well, if my fracture doesn't mend you can put it down to Richard III's
account. Another little item on that account won't be noticed, it seems
to me.'

He must ask Marta when next she looked in if she too knew about this
Tyrrel. Her general knowledge was not very great, but she had been
educated very expensively at a highly approved school and perhaps some of
it had stuck.

But the first visitor to penetrate from the outside world proved to be
Sergeant Williams; large and pink and scrubbed-looking; and for a little
Grant forgot about battles long ago and considered wide boys alive today.
Williams sat planted on the small hard visitors' chair, his knees apart
and his pale blue eyes blinking like a contented cat's in the light from
the window, and Grant regarded him with affection. It was pleasant to
talk shop again; to use that elliptical, allusive speech that one uses
only with another of one's trade. It was pleasant to hear the
professional gossip, to talk professional politics; to learn who was on
the mat and who was on the skids.

'The Super sent his regards,' Williams said as he got up to go, 'and said
if there was anything he could do for you to let him know.' His eyes, no
longer dazzled by the light, went to the photograph propped against the
books. He leant his head sideways at it. 'Who's the bloke?'

Grant was just about to tell him when it occurred to him that here was a
fellow policeman. A man as used, professionally, to faces as he was
himself. Someone to whom faces were of daily importance.

'Portrait of a man by an unknown fifteenth-century painter,' he said.
'What do you make of it?'

'I don't know the first thing about painting.'

'I didn't mean that. I meant what do you make of the subject?'

'Oh. Oh, I see.' Williams bent forward and drew his bland brows into a
travesty of concentration. 'How do you mean "make of it"?'

'Well, where would you place him? In the dock or on the bench?'

Williams considered for a moment, and then said with confidence: 'Oh, on
the bench.'

'You would?'

'Certainly. Why? Wouldn't you?'

'Yes. But the odd thing is that we're both wrong. He belongs in the

'You surprise me,' Williams said, peering again. 'Do you know who he was,

'Yes. Richard the Third.'

Williams whistled.

'So that's who it is, is it! Well, well. The Princes in the Tower, and
all that. The original Wicked Uncle. I suppose, once you know, you can
see it, but off-hand it wouldn't occur to you. I mean, that he was a
crook. He's the spit of old Halsbury, come to think of it, and if
Halsbury had a fault at all it was that he was too soft with the
blighters in the dock. He used to lean over backwards to give them the
benefit in his summing-up.'

'Do you know how the Princes were murdered?'

'I don't know a thing about Richard III except that his mother was two
years conceiving him.'

'What! Where did you get that tale?'

'In my school history, I suppose.'

'You must have gone to a very remarkable school. Conception was not
mentioned in any history book of mine. That is what made Shakespeare and
the Bible so refreshing as lessons; the facts of life were always turning
up. Did you ever hear of a man called Tyrrel?'

'Yes; he was a con. man on the P & O. boats. Drowned in the _Egypt_.'

'No; I mean, in history.'

'I tell you, I never knew any history except 1066 and 1603.'

'What happened in 1603?' Grant asked, his mind still on Tyrrel.

'We had the Scots tied to our tails for good.'

'Better than having them at our throats every five minutes. Tyrrel is
said to be the man who put the boys out of the way.'

'The nephews? No, it doesn't ring a bell. Well, I must be getting along.
Anything I can do for you?'

'Did you say you were going to Charing Cross Road?'

'To the Phoenix, yes.'

'You could do something for me.'

'What is that?'

'Go into one of the bookshops and buy me a History of England. An adult
one. And a Life of Richard III, if you can find one.'

'Sure, I'll do that.'

As he was going out he encountered The Amazon, and looked startled to
find anything as large as himself in nurse's uniform. He murmured a
good-morning in an abashed way, cast a questioning glance at Grant, and
faded into the corridor.

The Amazon said that she was supposed to be giving Number Four her
blanket bath but that she had to look in to see if he was convinced.


About the nobility of Richard Coeur-de-Lion.

'I haven't got round to Richard the First yet. But keep Number Four
waiting a few moments longer and tell me what you know about Richard

'Ah, those poor lambs!' she said, her great cow's-eyes soft with pity.


'Those two precious little boys. It used to be my nightmare when I was a
kiddy. That someone would come and put a pillow over my face when I was

'Is that how it was done: the murder?'

'Oh, yes. Didn't you know? Sir James Tyrrel rode back to London when the
court was at Warwick, and told Dighton and Forrest to kill them, and then
they buried them at the foot of some stairs under a great mound of

'But it doesn't say that in the book you lent me.'

'Oh, that book is just history-for-exams, if you know what I mean. You
don't get really interesting history in swot books like that.'

'And where did you get the juicy gossip about Tyrrel, may one ask?'

'It isn't gossip,' she said, hurt. 'You'll find it in Sir Thomas More's
history of his time. And you can't find a more respected or trustworthy
person in the whole of history than Sir Thomas More, now can you?'

'No. It would be bad manners to contradict Sir Thomas.'

'Well, that's what Sir Thomas says, and, after all, he was alive then and
knew all those people to talk to.'

'Dighton and Forrest?'

'No, of course not. But Richard, and the poor Queen, and those.'

'The Queen? Richard's Queen?'


'Why "poor"?'

'He led her an awful life. They say he poisoned her. He wanted to marry
his niece.'


'Because she was the heir to the throne.'

'I see. He got rid of the two boys, and then wanted to marry their eldest

'Yes. He couldn't marry either of the boys, you see.'

'No, I suppose even Richard the Third never thought of that one.'

'So he wanted to marry Elizabeth so as to feel safer on the throne.
Actually, of course, she married his successor. She was Queen Elizabeth's
grandmother. It always used to please me that Elizabeth was a little bit
Plantagenet. I never was very fond of the Tudor side. Now I must go, or
Matron will be here on her round before I have Number Four tidied up.'

'That would be the end of the world.'

'It would be the end of _me_,' she said, and went away.

Grant took the book she had lent him off the pile again, and tried to
make head or tail of the Wars of the Roses. He failed. Armies marched and
counter-marched. York and Lancaster succeeded each other as victors in a
bewildering repetition. It was as meaningless as watching a crowd of
dodgem cars bumping and whirling at a fair.

But it seemed to him that the whole trouble was implicit, the germ of it
sown, nearly a hundred years earlier, when the direct line was broken by
the deposition of Richard II. He knew all about that because he had in
his youth seen _Richard of Bordeaux_ at the New Theatre; four times he
had seen it. For three generations the usurping Lancasters had ruled
England: Richard of Bordeaux's Henry unhappily but with fair efficiency,
Shakespeare's Prince Hal with Agincourt for glory and the stake for zeal,
and his son in half-witted muddle and failure. It was no wonder if men
hankered after the legitimate line again, as they watched poor Henry VI's
inept friends frittering away the victories in France while Henry nursed
his new foundation of Eton and besought the ladies at court to cover up
their bosoms.

All three Lancasters had had an unlovely fanaticism which contrasted
sharply with the liberalism of the Court which had died with Richard II.
Richard's live-and-let-live methods had given place, almost overnight, to
the burning of heretics. For three generations heretics had burned. It
was no wonder if a less public fire of discontent had begun to smoulder
in the heart of the man in the street.

Especially since there, before their eyes, was the Duke of York. Able,
sensible, influential, gifted, a great prince in his own right, and by
blood the heir of Richard II. They might not desire that York should take
the place of poor silly Henry, but they did wish that he would take over
the running of the country and clean up the mess.

York tried it, and died in battle for his pains, and his family spent
much time in exile or sanctuary as a result.

But when the tumult and the shouting was all over, there on the throne of
England was the son who had fought alongside him in that struggle, and
the country settled back happily under that tall, flaxen, wenching,
exceedingly beautiful but most remarkably shrewd young man, Edward IV.

And that was as near as Grant would ever come to understanding the Wars
of the Roses.

He looked up from his book to find Matron standing in the middle of the

'I did knock,' she said, 'but you were lost in your book.'

She stood there, slender and remote; as elegant in her way as Marta was;
her white-cuffed hands clasped loosely in front of her narrow waist; her
white veil spreading itself in imperishable dignity; her only ornament
the small silver badge of her diploma. Grant wondered if there was
anywhere in this world a more unshakable poise than that achieved by the
matron of a great hospital.

'I've taken to history,' he said. 'Rather late in the day.'

'An admirable choice,' she said. 'It puts things in perspective.' Her eye
lighted on the portrait and she said: 'Are you York or Lancaster?'

'So you recognise the portrait.'

'Oh, yes. When I was a probationer I used to spend a lot of time in the
National. I had very little money and very sore feet, and it was warm in
the Gallery and quiet and it had plenty of seats.' She smiled a very
little, looking back from her present consequence to that young, tired,
earnest creature that she had been. 'I liked the Portrait Gallery best
because it gave one the same sense of proportion that reading history
does. All those Importances who had made such a to-do over so much in
their day. All just names. Just canvas and paint. I saw a lot of that
portrait in those days.' Her attention went back to the picture. 'A most
unhappy creature,' she said.

'My surgeon thinks it is poliomyelitis.'

'Polio?' She considered it. 'Perhaps. I hadn't thought of it before. But
to me it has always seemed to be intense unhappiness. It is the most
desperately unhappy face that I have ever encountered and I have
encountered a great many.'

'You think it was painted later than the murder, then?'

'Oh, yes. Obviously. He is not a type that would do anything lightly. A
man of that calibre. He must have been well aware of how heinous the
crime was.'

'You think he belonged to the type who can't live with themselves any

'What a good description! Yes. The kind who want something badly, and
then discover that the price they have paid for it is too high.'

'So you don't think he was an out-and-out villain?'

'No; oh, no. Villains don't suffer, and that face is full of the most
dreadful pain.'

They considered the portrait in silence for a moment or two.

'It must have seemed like retribution, you know. Losing his only boy so
soon after. And his wife's death. Being stripped of his own personal
world in so short a time. It must have seemed like Divine justice.'

'Would he care about his wife?'

'She was his cousin, and they had known each other from childhood. So
whether he loved her or not, she must have been a companion for him. When
you sit on a throne I suspect that companionship is a rare blessing. Now
I must go and see how my hospital is getting on. I have not even asked
the question that I came to ask. Which was how you felt this morning. But
it is a very healthy sign that you have interest to spare for a man dead
these four hundred years.'

She had not moved from the position in which he had first caught sight of
her. Now she smiled her faint, withdrawn smile, and with her hands still
clasped lightly in front of her belt-buckle moved towards the door. She
had a transcendental repose. Like a nun. Like a queen.


It was after luncheon before Sergeant Williams reappeared, breathless,
bearing two fat volumes.

'You should have left them with the porter,' Grant said. 'I didn't mean
you to come sweating up here with them.'

'I had to come up and explain. I had only time to go to one shop, but
it's the biggest in the street. That's the best history of England they
have in stock. It's the best there is anywhere, they say.' He laid down a
severe-looking sage-green tome, with an air of taking no responsibility
for it. 'They had no separate history of Richard III. I mean, no life of
him. But they gave me this.' This was a gay affair with a coat of arms on
the wrapper. It was called _The Rose of Raby_.

'What is this?'

'She was his mother, it seems. The Rose in question, I mean. I can't
wait: I'm due at the Yard in five minutes from now and the Super will
flay me alive if I'm late. Sorry I couldn't do better. I'll look in
again, first time I'm passing, and if these are no good I'll see what
else I can get.'

Grant was grateful and said so.

To the sound of Williams' brisk departing footsteps he began his
inspection of the 'best history of England there is'. It turned out to be
what is known as a 'constitutional' history; a sober compilation
lightened with improving illustrations. An illumination from the Luttrell
Psalter decorated the husbandry of the fourteenth century, and a
contemporary map of London bisected the Great Fire. Kings and Queens were
mentioned only incidentally. Tanner's Constitutional History was
concerned only with social progress and political evolution; with the
Black Death, and the invention of printing, and the use of gunpowder, and
the formation of the Trade Guilds, and so forth. But here and there Mr
Tanner was forced, by a horrid germaneness, to mention a King or his
relations. And one such germaneness occurred in connection with the
invention of printing.

A man called Caxton came out of the Weald of Kent as draper's apprentice
to a future Lord Mayor of London, and then went to Bruges with the twenty
merks his master left him in his will. And when, in the dreary autumn
rain of the Low Countries, two young refugees from England fetched up on
those low shores, in very low water, it was the successful merchant from
the Weald of Kent who gave them succour. The refugees were Edward IV and
his brother Richard; and when in the turn of the wheel Edward came back
to rule England, Caxton came too, and the first books printed in England
were printed for Edward IV and written by Edward's brother-in-law.

He turned the pages and marvelled how dull information is deprived of
personality. The sorrows of humanity are no one's sorrows, as newspaper
readers long ago found out. A frisson of horror may go down one's spine
at wholesale destruction but one's heart stays unmoved. A thousand people
drowned in floods in China are news: a solitary child drowned in a pond
is tragedy. So Mr Tanner's account of the progress of the English
race was admirable but unexciting. But here and there where he could
not avoid the personal his narrative flowered into a more immediate
interest. In extracts from the Pastons' letters, for instance. The
Pastons had a habit of sandwiching scraps of history between orders for
salad oil and inquiries as to how Clement was doing at Cambridge. And
between two of those domesticities appeared the small item that the two
little York boys, George, and Richard, were living in the Pastons' London
lodgings, and that their brother Edward came every day to see them.

Surely, thought Grant, dropping the book for a moment on the counterpane
and staring up at the now invisible ceiling, surely never before can
anyone have come to the throne of England with so personal an experience
of the ordinary man's life as Edward IV and his brother Richard. And
perhaps only Charles II after them. And Charles, even in poverty and
flight, had always been a King's son; a man apart. The two little boys
who were living in the Pastons' lodgings were merely the babies of the
York family. Of no particular importance at the best of times, and at the
moment when the Paston letter was written without a home and possibly
without a future.

Grant readied for The Amazon's history book to find out what Edward was
about in London at that date, and learned that he was collecting an army.
'London was always Yorkist in temper, and men flocked with enthusiasm to
the banner of the youthful Edward,' said the history book.

And yet young Edward, aged eighteen, idol of a capital city and on the
way to the first of his victories, found time to come every day to see
his small brothers.

Was it now, Grant wondered, that the remarkable devotion of Richard to
his elder brother was born. An unwavering life-long devotion that the
history books not only did not deny but actually used in order to point
the moral. 'Up to the moment of his brother's death Richard had been in
all vicissitudes his loyal and faithful helpmeet, but the opportunity of
a crown proved too much for him.' Or in the simpler words of the
Historical Reader: 'He had been a good brother to Edward but when he saw
that he might become King greed hardened his heart.'

Grant took a sideways look at the portrait and decided that the
Historical Reader was off the beam. Whatever had hardened Richard's heart
to the point of murder had not been greed. Or did the Historical Reader
mean greed for power? Probably. Probably.

But surely Richard must have had all the power that mortal man could
wish. He was the King's brother, and rich. Was that short step further so
important that he could murder his brother's children to achieve it?

It was an odd set-up altogether.

He was still mulling it over in his mind when Mrs Tinker came in with
fresh pyjamas for him and her daily précis of the newspaper headlines.
Mrs Tinker never read past the third headline of a report unless it
happened to be a murder, in which case she read every word and bought an
evening paper for herself on the way home to cook Tinker's supper.

Today the gentle burble of her comment on a Yorkshire
arsenic-and-exhumation case flowed over him unbroken until she caught
sight of the morning paper lying in its virgin condition alongside the
books on the table. This brought her to a sudden halt.

'You not feelin' so good today?' she asked in a concerned way.

'I'm fine, Tink, fine. Why?'

'You 'aven't as much as opened your paper. That's 'ow my sister's gel
started her decline. Not takin' no notice of what was in the paper.'

'Don't you worry. I'm on the up-grade. Even my temper has improved. I
forgot about the paper because I've been reading history stories. Ever
heard of the Princes in the Tower?'

'_Everyone's_ 'eard of the Princes in the Tower.'

'And do you know how they met their end?'

'Course I do. He put a pillow on their faces when they was asleep.'

'Who did?'

'Their wicked uncle. Richard the Third. You didn't ought to think of
things like that when you're poorly. You ought to be reading something
nice and cheerful.'

'Are you in a hurry to get home, Tink, or could you go round by St
Martin's Lane for me?'

'No, I've plenty of time. Is it Miss Hallard? She won't be at the theatre
till six-about.'

'No, I know. But you might leave a note for her and she'll get it when
she comes in.'

He reached for his scribbling pad and pencil and wrote:

'For the love of Mike find me a copy of Thomas More's history of Richard

He tore off the page, folded it and scribbled Marta's name on it.

'You can give it to old Saxton at the stage-door. He'll see that she gets

'If I can get near the stage-door what with the stools for the queue,'
Mrs Tinker said; in comment rather than in truth. 'That thing's going to
run for ever.'

She put the folded paper carefully away in the cheap pseudo-leather
handbag with the shabby edges that was as much a part of her as her hat.
Grant had, Christmas by Christmas, provided her with a new bag; each of
them a work of art in the best tradition of English leather-working, an
article so admirable in design and so perfect in execution that Marta
Hallard might have carried it to luncheon at the Blague. But that was
the last he had ever seen of any of them. Since Mrs Tinker regarded a
pawnshop as one degree more disgraceful than prison, he absolved her from
any suspicion of cashing in on her presents. He deduced that the handbags
were safely laid away in a drawer somewhere, still wrapped up in the
original tissue paper. Perhaps she took them out to show people
sometimes, sometimes perhaps just to gloat over; or perhaps the knowledge
that they were there enriched her, as the knowledge of 'something put by
for my funeral' might enrich another. Next Christmas he was going to open
this shabby sack of hers, this perennial satchel à toute faire, and put
something in the money compartment. She would fritter it away, of course,
on small unimportances; so that in the end she would not know what she
had done with it; but perhaps a series of small satisfactions scattered
like sequins over the texture of everyday life was of greater worth than
the academic satisfaction of owning a collection of fine objects at the
back of a drawer.

When she had gone creaking away, in a shoes-and-corset concerto, he went
back to Mr Tanner and tried to improve his mind by acquiring some of Mr
Tanner's interest in the human race. But he found it an effort. Neither
by nature nor by profession was he interested in mankind in the large.
His bias, native and acquired, was towards the personal. He waded through
Mr Tanner's statistics and longed for a king in an oak-tree, or a broom
tied to a mast-head, or a Highlander hanging on to a trooper's stirrup in
a charge. But at least he had the satisfaction of learning that the
Englishman of the fifteenth century 'drank water only as a penance'. The
English labourer of Richard III's day was, it seemed, the admiration of
the continent. Mr Tanner quoted a contemporary, writing in France.

The King of France will allow no one to use salt, but what is bought of
himself at his own arbitrary price. The troops pay for nothing, and treat
the people barbarously if they are not satisfied. All growers of vines
must give a fourth to the King. All the towns must pay the King great
yearly sums for his men-at-arms. The peasants live in great hardship and
misery. They wear no woollen. Their clothing consists of little short
jerkins of sackcloth, no trowse but from the knees up, and legs exposed
and naked. The women all go barefoot. The people eat no meat, except the
fat of bacon in their soup. Nor are the gentry much better off. If an
accusation is brought against them they are examined in private, and
perhaps never more heard of.

In England it is very different. No one can abide in another man's house
without his leave. The King cannot put on taxes, nor alter the laws, nor
make new ones. The English never drink water except for penance. They eat
all sorts of flesh and fish. They are clothed throughout in good
woollens, and are provided with all sorts of household goods. An
Englishman cannot be sued except before the ordinary judge.

And it seemed to Grant that if you were very hard up and wanted to go to
see what your Lizzie's first-born looked like it must have been
reassuring to know that there was shelter and a hand-out at every
religious house, instead of wondering how you were going to raise the
train fare. That green England he had fallen asleep with last night had a
lot to be said for it.

He thumbed through the pages on the fifteenth century, looking for
personal items; for individual reports that might, in their single
vividness, illumine the scene for him as a 'spot' lights the desired part
of a stage. But the story was distressingly devoted to the general.
According to Mr Tanner, Richard III's only Parliament was the most
liberal and progressive within record; and he regretted, did the worthy
Mr Tanner, that his private crimes should have militated against his
patent desire for the common weal. And that seemed to be all that Mr
Tanner had to say about Richard III. Except for the Pastons, chatting
indestructibly through the centuries, there was a dearth of human beings
in this record of humanity.

He let the book slide off his chest, and searched with his hand until he
found _The Rose of Raby_.


_The Rose of Raby_ proved to be fiction; but it was at least easier to
hold than Tanner's Constitutional History of England. It was, moreover,
the almost-respectable form of historical fiction which is merely
history-with-conversation, so to speak. An imaginative biography rather
than an imagined story. Evelyn Payne-Ellis, whoever she might be, had
provided portraits and a family tree, and had made no attempt, it seemed,
to what he and his cousin Laura used to call in their childhood 'write
forsoothly'. There was no 'by our Ladys', no 'nathelesses' or 'varlets'.
It was an honest affair according to its lights.

And its lights were more illuminating than Mr Tanner.

Much more illuminating.

It was Grant's belief that if you could not find out about a man, the
next best way to arrive at an estimate of him was to find out about his

So until Marta could provide him with the sainted and infallible Thomas
More's personal account of Richard, he would make do very happily with
Cecily Nevill, Duchess of York.

He glanced at the family tree, and thought that if the two York brothers,
Edward and Richard, were, as kings, unique in their experience of
ordinary life they were no less unique in their Englishness. He looked at
their breeding and marvelled. Nevill, Fitzalan, Percy, Holland, Mortimer,
Clifford and Audley, as well as Plantagenet. Queen Elizabeth (who made it
her boast) was all English; if one counted the Welsh streak as English.
But among all the half-bred monarchs who had graced the throne between
the Conquest and Farmer George--half-French, half-Spanish, half-Danish,
half-Dutch, half-Portuguese--Edward IV and Richard III were remarkable in
their home-bred quality.

They were also, he noted, as royally bred on their mother's side as on
their father's. Cecily Nevill's grandfather was John of Gaunt, the first
of the Lancasters; third son of Edward III. Her husband's two
grandfathers were two other sons of Edward III. So three of Edwards III's
five sons had contributed to the making of the two York brothers.

'To be a Nevill,' said Miss Payne-Ellis 'was to be of some importance
since they were great landowners. To be a Nevill was almost certainly to
be handsome, since they were a good-looking family. To be a Nevill was to
have personality, since they excelled in displays of both character and
temperament. To unite all three Nevill gifts, in their finest quality, in
one person was the good fortune of Cicely Nevill, who was the sole Rose
of the north long before that north was forced to choose between White
Roses and Red.'

It was Miss Payne-Ellis's contention that the marriage with Richard
Plantagenet, Duke of York, was a love match. Grant received this theory
with a scepticism bordering on scorn until he noticed the results of that
marriage. To have a yearly addition to the family was not, in the
fifteenth century, evidence of anything but fertility. And the long
family produced by Cicely Nevill to her charming husband augured nothing
nearer love than cohabitation. But in a time when the wife's rôle was to
stay meekly at home and see to her still-room, Cecily Nevill's constant
travellings about in her husband's company were surely remarkable enough
to suggest an abnormal pleasure in that company. The extent and constancy
of that travel was witnessed to by the birthplaces of her children. Anne,
her first, was born at Fotheringhay, the family home in Northamptonshire.
Henry, who died as a baby, at Hatfield. Edward at Rouen, where the Duke
was on active service. Edmund and Elizabeth also at Rouen. Margaret at
Fotheringhay. John, who died young, at Neath in Wales. George in Dublin
(and could it be, wondered Grant, that that accounted for the almost
Irish perverseness of the ineffable George?). Richard at Fotheringhay.

Cecily Nevill had not sat at home in Northamptonshire waiting for her
lord and master to visit her when it seemed good to him. She had
accompanied him about the world of their inhabiting. There was strong
presumption in favour of Miss Payne-Ellis's theory. At the very canniest
reckoning it was patently a very successful marriage.

Which perhaps accounted for the family devotion of those daily visits of
Edward to his small brothers in the Pastons' lodgings. The York family,
even before its tribulations, was a united one.

This was borne out unexpectedly when, spurting the pages from under his
thumb, he came on a letter. It was a letter from the two elder boys,
Edward and Edmund, to their father. The boys were at Ludlow Castle,
undergoing their education, and on a Saturday in Easter week, taking
advantage of a courier who was going back, they burst out in loud
complaint of their tutor and his 'odiousness' and begged their father to
listen to the tale of the courier, William Smyth, who was fully charged
with the details of their oppression. This S.O.S. was introduced and
ended in respectful padding, the formality of which was a little marred
by their pointing out that it was nice of him to send the clothes but
that he had forgotten their breviary.

The conscientious Miss Payne-Ellis had given the reference for this
letter (one of the Cotton manuscripts, it appeared) and he thumbed more
slowly, in search of more. Factual evidence was a policeman's meat.

He could not find any, but he came on a family tableau which held him for
a moment.

The Duchess moved out into the thin sharp sunlight of a London December
morning, and stood on the steps to watch them go: her husband, her
brother, and her son. Dirk and his nephews brought the horses into the
courtyard, scattering the pigeons and the fussing sparrows from the
cobbles. She watched her husband mount, equable and deliberate as always,
and thought that for all the emotion he showed he might be riding down to
Fotheringhay to look at some new rams instead of setting out on a
campaign. Salisbury, her brother, was being Nevill and temperamental; a
little conscious of the occasion and living up to it. She looked at them
both and smiled in her mind at them. But it was Edmund who caught at her
heart. Edmund at seventeen, very slender, very untried, very vulnerable.
Flushed with pride and excitement at this setting-out to his first
campaigning. She wanted to say to her husband: 'Take care of Edmund,' but
she could not do that. Her husband would not understand; and Edmund, if
he were to suspect, would be furious. If Edward, only a year older, was
commanding an army of his own on the borders of Wales at this very
minute, then he, Edmund, was more than old enough to see war at

She glanced behind her at the three younger children who had come out in
her wake; Margaret and George, the two solid fair ones, and behind them,
a pace in the rear as always, her changeling baby, Richard; his dark
brows and brown hair making him look like a visitor. Good-natured untidy
Margaret watched with all the moist-eyed emotion of fourteen; George in a
passionate envy and wild rebellion that he was only eleven and of no
consequence to this martial moment. Thin little Richard showed no
excitement at all, but his mother thought that he vibrated like a softly
tapped drum.

The three horses moved out of the courtyard in a clatter of slipping
hooves and jingling accoutrements, to join the servants waiting for them
in the roadway, and the children called and danced and waved them out of
the gate.

And Cicely, who in her time had seen so many men, and so many of her
family, go off to went back to the house with an unaccustomed weight at
her bosom. Which of them, said the voice in her unwilling mind, which of
them was it who was not coming back?

Her imagination did not compass anything so horrible as the fact that
none of them was coming back again. That she would never see any one of
them again.

That before the year was ended her husband's severed head, crowned for
insult with a paper crown, would be nailed above the Micklegate Bar in
York, and the heads of her brother and her son on the two other gates.

Well, that might be fiction, but it was an illuminating glimpse of
Richard. The dark one in a blond family. The one who 'looked like a
visitor'. The 'changeling'.

He abandoned Cicely Nevill for the moment, and went hunting through the
book for her son Richard. But Miss Payne-Ellis seemed not to be greatly
interested in Richard. He was merely the tail-end of the family. The
magnificent young creature who flourished at the other end was more to
her taste. Edward was much to the fore. With his Nevill cousin Warwick,
Salisbury's son, he won the battle of Towton, and, with the memory of
Lancastrian ferocity still fresh and his father's head still nailed to
the Micklegate Bar, gave evidence of that tolerance that was to be
characteristic of him. There was quarter at Towton for all who asked. He
was crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey (and two small boys,
home from exile in Utrecht, were created respectively Duke of Clarence
and Duke of Gloucester). And he buried his father and his brother Edmund
with great magnificence in the church at Fotheringhay (though it was
Richard, aged thirteen, who convoyed that sad procession from Yorkshire,
through the bright glory of five July days, to Northamptonshire; nearly
six years after he had stood on the steps of Baynard's Castle in London
to watch them ride away).

It was not until Edward had been King for some time that Miss Payne-Ellis
allowed Richard to come back into the story. He was then being educated
with his Nevill cousins at Middleham, in Yorkshire.

As Richard rode into the shadow of the keep, out of the broad sunlight
and flying winds of Wensleydale, it seemed to him that there was an
atmosphere of strangeness about the place. The guards were talking in
loud excitement in the gatehouse and seemed abashed at his presence. From
their sudden silence he rode on into a silent court that should have been
bustling with activity at this hour of the day. It would soon be supper
time, and both habit and hunger brought all the inhabitants of Middleham
home from their various occupations, as they were bringing him back from
his hawking, for the evening meal. This hush, this desertion, was
unusual. He walked his horse to the stables, but there was no one there
to give it to. As he unsaddled he noticed a hard-ridden bay in the next
stall; a horse that did not belong to Middleham; a horse so tired that he
had not eaten up and his head hung in a despondent beaten way between his

Richard wiped his horse down and rugged him, brought him some hay and
fresh water, and left him; wondering about that beaten horse and the
uncanny silence. As he paused in the doorway he could hear voices in the
distance of the great hall; and debated whether he should go there and
investigate before going upstairs to his own quarters. As he hesitated a
voice from the stairs above him said: 'Z-z-zt!'

He looked up to see his cousin Anne's head peering over the banisters,
her two long fair plaits hanging down like bell-ropes.

'Richard!' she said, half whispering. 'Have you heard?'

'Is something wrong?' he asked. 'What is it?'

As he moved up to her she grabbed his hand and dragged him upwards
towards their schoolroom in the roof.

'But what is it?' he asked, leaning back in protest against her urgency.
'What has happened? Is it something so awful that you can't tell me

She swept him into the schoolroom and shut the door.

'It's Edward!'

'Edward? Is he ill?'

'No! _Scandal!_'

'Oh,' said Richard, relieved. Scandal and Edward were never far apart.
'What is it? Has he a new mistress?'

'Much worse than that! Oh, much, much worse. He's married.'

'Married?' said Richard, so unbelieving that he sounded calm. 'He can't

'But he is. The news came from London an hour ago.'

'He can't be married,' Richard insisted. 'For a King marriage is a long
affair. A matter of contracts, and agreements. A matter for Parliament,
even, I think. What made you think he had got married?'

'I don't _think_,' Anne said, out of patience at this sober reception of
her broadside. 'The whole family is raging together in the Great Hall
over the affair.'

'Anne! have you been listening at the door?'

'Oh, don't be so righteous. I didn't have to listen very hard, anyhow.
You could hear them on the other side of the river. He has married Lady

'Who is Lady Grey? Lady Grey of Groby?'


'But he can't. She has two children and she is quite old.'

'She is five years older than Edward, and she is wonderfully beautiful so
I overhear.'

'When did this happen?'

'They've been married for five months. They got married in secret down in

'But I thought he was going to marry the King of France's sister.'

'So,' said Anne in a tone full of meaning 'did my father.'

'Yes; yes, it makes things very awkward for him, doesn't it; after all
the negotiating.'

'According to the messenger from London he is throwing fits. It isn't
only the making him look a fool. It seems she has cohorts of relations
and he hates every one of them.'

'Edward must be possessed.' In Richard's hero-worshipping eyes everything
Edward did had always been right. This folly, this undeniable, this
inexcusable folly, could come only from possession.

'It will break my mother's heart,' he said. He thought of his mother's
courage when his father and Edmund had been killed, and the Lancastrian
army was almost at the gates of London. She had not wept nor wrapped
herself in protective veils of self-pity. She had arranged that he and
George should go to Utrecht, as if she were arranging for them to go away
to school. They might never see each other again, but she had busied
herself about warm clothes for their winter voyage across the Channel
with a calm and dry-eyed practicality.

How would she bear this; this further blow? This destructive folly. This
shattering foolishness.

'Yes,' said Anne, softening. 'Poor Aunt Cecily. It is monstrous of Edward
to hurt everyone so. Monstrous.'

But Edward was still the infallible. If Edward had done wrong it was
because he was ill, or possessed, or bewitched. Edward still had
Richard's allegiance; his heart-whole and worshipping allegiance.

Nor in after years was that allegiance--an adult allegiance of
recognition and acceptance--ever less than heart-whole.

And then the story went on to Cicely Nevill's tribulation, and her
efforts to bring some kind of order into the relations between her son
Edward, half-pleased half-ashamed, and her nephew Warwick, wholly
furious. There was also a long description of that indestructibly
virtuous beauty with the famous 'gilt' hair, who had succeeded where more
complaisant beauties had failed; and of her enthroning at Reading Abbey
(led to the throne by a silently protesting Warwick, who could not but
note the large array of Woodvilles, come to see their sister Elizabeth
acknowledged Queen of England).

The next time Richard turned up in the tale he was setting out from Lynn
without a penny in his pocket, in a Dutch vessel that happened to be in
the harbour when it was needed. Along with him was his brother Edward,
Edward's friend Lord Hastings, and a few followers. None of them had
anything except what they stood up in, and after some argument the ship's
captain agreed to accept Edward's fur-lined cape as fare.

Warwick had finally decided that the Woodville clan was more than he
could stomach. He had helped to put his cousin Edward on the throne of
England; he could just as easily unseat him. For the achievement of this
he had the help of the whole Nevill brood; and, incredibly, the active
assistance of the ineffable George, who had decided that falling heir to
half the lands of Montague, Nevill, and Beauchamp, by marrying Warwick's
other daughter Isabel, was a better bet than being loyal to his brother
Edward. In eleven days Warwick was master of a surprised England, and
Edward and Richard were squelching through the October mud between
Alkmaar and The Hague.

From then on, Richard was always in the background of the story. Through
that dreary winter in Bruges. Staying with Margaret in Burgundy--for that
kind moist-eyed Margaret who had stood on the steps of Baynard's Castle
with himself and George to watch their father ride away was now the very
new Duchess of Burgundy. Margaret, kind Margaret, was saddened and
dismayed--as many people in future were to be saddened and dismayed--by
George's inexplicable conduct, and set herself to missionary work while
she got together funds for her two more admirable brothers.

Not even Miss Payne-Ellis's interest in the magnificent Edward allowed
her to conceal that the real work of outfitting the ships hired with
Margaret's money was done by Richard; a Richard not yet eighteen. And
when Edward with an absurd handful of followers found himself once more
camped in an English meadow, facing George with an army, it was Richard
who went over to George's camp and talked the Margaret-weakened George
into alliance again and so left the road to London open to them.

Not, Grant thought, that this last was any great achievement. George
could obviously be talked into anything. He was a born missionee.


He had not nearly exhausted _The Rose of Raby_ and the illicit joys of
fiction when, next morning about eleven, a parcel arrived from Marta
containing the more respectable entertainment of history as recorded by
the sainted Sir Thomas.

With the book was a note in Marta's large sprawling writing on Marta's
stiff expensive notepaper.

Have to send this instead of bringing it. Frantically busy. Think I have
got M.M. to the sticking point re Blessington. No T. More in any of the
bookshops, so tried Public Library. Can't think why one never thinks of
Public Libraries. Probably because books expected to be soupy. Think this
looks quite clean and unsoupy. You get fourteen days. Sounds like a
sentence rather than a loan. Hope this interest in Crouchback means that
the prickles are less nettlish. Till soon.


The book did indeed look clean and unsoupy, if a little elderly. But
after the light going of _The Rose_ its print looked unexciting and its
solid paragraphs forbidding. Nevertheless he attacked it with interest.
This was, after all, where Richard III was concerned, 'the horse's

He came to the surface an hour later, vaguely puzzled and ill at ease. It
was not that the matter surprised him; the facts were very much what he
had expected them to be. It was that this was not how he had expected Sir
Thomas to write.

He took ill rest at nights, lay long waking and musing; sore wearied with
care and watch, he slumbered rather than slept. So was his restless heart
continually tossed and tumbled with the tedious impression and stormy
remembrance of his most abominable deeds.

That was all right. But when he added that 'this he had from such as were
secret with his chamberers' one was suddenly repelled. An aroma of
back-stair gossip and servants' spying came off the page. So that one's
sympathy tilted before one was aware of it from the smug commentator to
the tortured creature sleepless on his bed. The murderer seemed of
greater stature than the man who was writing of him.

Which was all wrong.

Grant was conscious too of the same unease that filled him when he
listened to a witness telling a perfect story that he knew to be flawed

And that was very puzzling indeed. What could possibly be wrong with the
personal account of a man revered for his integrity as Thomas More had
been revered for four centuries?

The Richard who appeared in More's account was, Grant thought, one that
Matron would have recognised. A man highly-strung and capable of both
great evil and great suffering. 'He was never quiet in his mind, never
thought himself secure. His eyes whirled about, his body was privily
fenced, his hands ever on his dagger, his countenance and manner like one
always ready to strike again.'

And of course there was the dramatic, not to say hysterical, scene that
Grant remembered from his schooldays; that every schoolboy probably
remembered. The council scene in the Tower before he laid claim to the
crown. Richard's sudden challenge to Hastings as to what was the proper
fate for a man who plotted the death of the Protector of the Kingdom. The
insane claim that Edward's wife and Edward's mistress (Jane Shore) were
responsible for his withered arm by their sorcery. The smiting of the
table in his rage, which was the signal for his armed satellites to burst
in and arrest Lord Hastings, Lord Stanley, and John Morton, Bishop of
Ely. The rushing of Hastings down into the courtyard and his beheading
on a handy log of wood after bare time to confess himself to the first
priest who could be found.

That was certainly the picture of a man who would act first in fury, in
fear, in revenge--and repent afterwards.

But it seemed that he was capable of more calculated iniquity. He caused
a sermon to be preached by a certain Dr Shaw, brother of the Lord Mayor,
at Paul's Cross, on June 22, on the text: 'Bastard slips shall take no
root.' Wherein Dr Shaw maintained that both Edward and George were sons
of the Duchess of York by some unknown man, and that Richard was the only
legitimate son of the Duke and Duchess of York.

This was so unlikely, so inherently absurd, that Grant went back and read
it over again. But it still said the same thing. That Richard had
traduced his mother, in public and for his own material advantage, with
an unbelievable infamy.

Well, Sir Thomas More said it. And if anyone should know it would be
Thomas More. And if anyone should know how to pick and choose between the
credibilities in the reporting of a story it ought to be Thomas More,
Lord Chancellor of England.

Richard's mother, said Sir Thomas, complained bitterly of the slander
with which her son had smirched her. Understandably, on the whole, Grant

As for Dr Shaw, he was overcome with remorse. So much so that 'within a
few days he withered and consumed away'.

Had a stroke, probably, Grant considered. And little wonder. To have
stood up and told that tale to a London crowd must have taken some nerve.

Sir Thomas's account of the Princes in the Tower was the same as The
Amazon's, but Sir Thomas's version was more detailed. Richard had
suggested to Robert Brackenbury, Constable of the Tower, that it might be
a good thing if the Princes disappeared, but Brackenbury would have no
part in such an act. Richard therefore waited until he was at Warwick,
during his progress through England after his coronation and then sent
Tyrrel to London with orders that he was to receive the keys of the Tower
for one night. During that night two ruffians, Dighton and Forrest, one a
groom and one a warder, smothered the two boys.

At this point The Midget came in with his lunch and removed the book from
his grasp; and while he forked the shepherd's pie from plate to mouth he
considered again the face of the man in the dock. The faithful and
patient small brother who had turned into a monster.

When The Midget came back for his tray he said: 'Did you know that
Richard III was a very popular person in his day? Before he came to the
throne, I mean.'

The Midget cast a baleful glance at the picture.

'Always was a snake in the grass, if you ask me. Smooth, that's what he
was: smooth. Biding his time.'

Biding his time for what? he wondered, as she tapped away down the
corridor. He could not have known that his brother Edward would die
unexpectedly at the early age of forty. He could not have foreseen (even
after a childhood shared with him in uncommon intimacy) that George's
on-goings would end in attainder and the debarring of his two children
from the succession. There seemed little point in 'biding one's time' if
there was nothing to bide for. The indestructibly virtuous beauty with
the gilt hair had, except for her incurable nepotism, proved an admirable
Queen and had provided Edward with a large brood of healthy children,
including two boys. The whole of that brood, together with George and his
son and daughter, stood between Richard and the throne. It was surely
unlikely that a man busy with the administration of the North of England,
or campaigning (with dazzling success) against the Scots, would have much
spare interest in being 'smooth'.

What then had changed him so fundamentally in so short a time?

Grant reached for _The Rose of Raby_ to see what Miss Payne-Ellis had had
to say about the unhappy metamorphosis of Cecily Nevill's youngest son.
But that wily author had burked the issue. She had wanted the book to be
a happy one, and to have carried it to its logical conclusion would have
made it unredeemed tragedy. She had therefore wound it up with a fine
resounding major chord by making her last chapter the coming-out of young
Elizabeth, Edward's eldest child. This avoided both the tragedy of
Elizabeth's young brothers and the defeat and death of Richard in battle.

So the book ended with a Palace party, and a flushed and happy young
Elizabeth, very magnificent in a new white dress and her first pearls,
dancing the soles out of her slippers like the princesses in the
fairy-tale. Richard and Anne, and their delicate little son, had come up
from Middleham for the occasion. But neither George nor Isabel was there.
Isabel had died in childbirth years ago, obscurely and as far as George
was concerned unmourned. George too had died obscurely, but with that
perverseness that was so peculiarly George's, had by that very obscurity
won for himself imperishable fame.

George's life had been a progression from one spectacular piece of
spiritual extravagance to the next. Each time, his family must have said:
Well, that at last is the summit of frightfulness; even George cannot
think of anything more fantastic than that. And each time George had
surprised them. There was no limit to George's antic capacity.

The seed was perhaps sown when, during his first backsliding in the
company of his father-in-law, Warwick had created him heir to the poor
crazy puppet-King, Henry VI, whom Warwick had dumped back on the throne
to spite his cousin Edward. Both Warwick's hopes of seeing his daughter a
Queen and George's royal pretensions had gone down the drain on that
night when Richard had gone over to the Lancastrian camp and talked to
George. But the taste of importance had perhaps proved too much for a
natural sweet-tooth. In the years to come the family were always heading
George off from unexpected vagaries, or rescuing him from his latest

When Isabel died he had been certain that she had been poisoned by her
waiting-woman, and that his baby son had been poisoned by another.
Edward, thinking the affair important enough to be tried before a London
court, sent down a writ; only to find that George had tried them both at
a petty sessions of his own magistrates and hanged them. The furious
Edward, by way of rapping him over the knuckles, had two members of
George's household tried for treason; but instead of taking the hint
George declared that this was just judicial murder, and went about saying
so in loud tones and a fine blaze of _lèse-majesté_.

Then he decided that he wanted to marry the richest heiress in Europe;
who was Margaret's step-daughter, young Mary of Burgundy. Kind Margaret
thought that it would be nice to have her brother in Burgundy, but Edward
had arranged to back Maximilian of Austria's suit, and George was a
continual embarrassment.

When the Burgundy intrigue came to nothing, the family hoped for a little
peace. After all, George owned half the Nevill lands and had no need to
marry again either for fortune or children. But George had a new scheme
for marrying Margaret, the sister of James III of Scotland.

At last his folie de grandeur graduated from secret negotiation
undertaken on his own behalf with foreign courts to open display of the
Lancastrian Act of Parliament which had declared him heir to the throne
after Henry VI. This, inevitably, landed him before another Parliament,
and a much less amenable one.

The trial was chiefly remarkable for a flaming and wordy row between the
two brothers Edward and George, but when the expected attainder was
passed, there was a pause. Depriving George of his standing was one
thing: desirable and indeed necessary. But executing him was something
else again.

As the days went by without sentence being carried out, the Commons sent
a reminder. And next day it was announced that George, Duke of Clarence,
had died in the Tower.

Drowned in a butt of Malmsey, said London. And what was merely a
Cockney's comment on a drunkard's end passed into history and made the
undeserving George immortal.

So George was not at that party at Westminster, and the emphasis in Miss
Payne-Ellis's final chapter was not Cecily Nevill as the mother of sons,
but on Cecily Nevill the grandmother of a fine brood. George might have
died discredited, on a dried-leaf heap of worn-out friendships, but his
son, young Warwick, was a fine upstanding boy, and little Margaret at ten
was already showing signs of the traditional Nevill beauty. Edmund, dead
in battle at seventeen, might seem a wanton waste of young life, but
there to balance it was the delicate baby whom she had never thought to
rear; and he had a son to follow him. Richard in his twenties still
looked as though one could break him in two, but he was as tough as a
heather root, and perhaps his fragile-looking son would grow up to be as
resilient. As for Edward, her tall blond Edward, his beauty might be
blurring into grossness and his amiability into sloth, but his two small
sons and his five girls had all the character and good looks of their
combined ancestry.

As a grandmother she could look on that crowd of children with a personal
pride, and as a Princess of England she could look on them with
assurance. The crown was safe in the York line for generations to come.

If anyone, looking in a crystal ball at that party, had told Cecily
Nevill that in four years not only the York line but the whole
Plantagenet dynasty would have gone for ever, she would have held it to
be either madness or treason.

But what Miss Payne-Ellis had not sought to gloss over was the prevalence
of the Woodville clan in a Nevill-Plantagenet gathering.

She looked round the room and wished that her daughter-in-law Elizabeth
had been blessed either with a less generous heart or with fewer
relations. The Woodville match had turned out far more happily than
anyone had dared to hope; Elizabeth had been an admirable wife; but the
by-products had not been so fortunate. It was perhaps inevitable that the
governorship of the two boys should have gone to her eldest brother; and
Rivers, if a little nouveau riche in his liking for display and a little
too obviously ambitious, was a cultured creature and an admirable person
to have the boys in charge during their schoolroom days at Ludlow. But
as for the rest: four brothers, seven sisters, and two sons by her first
husband, were really too many by half to have brought into the marriage
market in her wake.

Cecily looked across the laughing mêlée of the children's blind man's
buff to the grownups standing round the supper table. Anne Woodville
married to the Earl of Essex's heir. Eleanor Woodville married to the
Earl of Kent's heir. Margaret Woodville married to the Earl of Arundel's
heir. Catherine Woodville married to the Duke of Buckingham. Jacquette
Woodville to Lord Strange. Mary Woodville to Lord Herbert's heir. And
John Woodville, disgracefully, to the Dowager of Norfolk who was old
enough to be his grandmother. It was good that new blood should
strengthen the old families--new blood had always seeped in--but it was not
good that it should come suddenly and in a flood from one particular
source. It was like a fever in the political blood of the country; a
foreign introduction, difficult to be assimilated. Unwise and

However. There were long years ahead in which that influx could be
assimilated. This new sudden power in the body politic would cease to be
so concentrated, would spread out, would settle down, would cease to be
dangerous and upsetting. Edward for all his amiability had a shrewd
common sense; he would keep the country on an even keel as he had kept it
for nearly twenty years. No one had run England with a more despotic
power or a lighter hand than her acute, lazy, woman-loving Edward.

It would be all right eventually.

She was about to rise and join them in their discussion of sweetmeats
they must not think that she was being critical or aloof when her
granddaughter Elizabeth came breathless and laughing out of the scrimmage
and swept into the seat beside her.

'I am much too old for this sort of thing,' she said between her gasps,
'and it is ruinous to one's clothes. Do you like my dress, grandmother? I
had to coax it out of Father. He said my old tawny satin would do. The
one I had when Aunt Margaret came from Burgundy to visit us. That is the
worst of having a father who notices what women wear. He knows too much
about one's wardrobe. Did you hear that the Dauphin has jilted me? Father
is in a pet, but I am so happy. I lighted ten candles to St Catherine. It
took all I had left of my allowance. I don't want to leave England. I
want never to leave England ever. Can you arrange that for me,

Cicely smiled and said that she would try.

'Old Ankaret, who tells fortunes, says that I am to be a Queen. But since
there is no prince to marry me I do not see how that may be.' She paused,
and added in a smaller voice: 'She said Queen of England. But I expect
she was just a little tipsy. She is very fond of hippocras.'

It was unfair, not to say inartistic, of Miss Payne-Ellis to hint at
Elizabeth's future as the wife of Henry VII if as author she was not
prepared to face the unpleasantness that lay between. To presuppose in
her readers a knowledge of Elizabeth's marriage to the first Tudor king,
was also to presuppose their awareness of her brothers' murder. So that a
dark reminding shadow fell across the festive scene with which she had
chosen to end her story.

But on the whole, Grant thought, she had made a good enough job of the
story, judging by what he had read of it. He might even go back sometime
and read the bits he had skipped.


Grant had switched off his bedside light that night, and was half asleep,
when a voice in his mind said: 'But Thomas More was Henry the Eighth.'

This brought him wide awake. He flicked the light on again.

What the voice had meant, of course, was not that Thomas More and Henry
the Eighth were one and the same person, but that, in that business of
putting personalities into pigeonholes according to reigns, Thomas More
belonged to the reign of Henry the Eighth.

Grant lay looking at the pool of light that his lamp threw on the
ceiling, and reckoned. If Thomas More was Henry VIII's Chancellor, then
he must have lived through the whole of Henry VII's long reign as well as
Richard III's. There was something wrong somewhere.

He reached for More's _History of Richard III_. It had as preface a short
life of More which he had not bothered to read. Now he turned to it to
find out how More could have been both Richard III's historian and Henry
VIII's Chancellor. How old was More when Richard succeeded?

He was five.

When that dramatic council scene had taken place at the Tower, Thomas
More had been five years old. He had been only eight when Richard died at

Everything in that history had been hearsay.

And if there was one word that a policeman loathed more than another it
was hearsay. Especially when applied to evidence.

He was so disgusted that he flung the precious book on to the floor
before he remembered that it was the property of a Public Library and his
only by grace and for fourteen days.

More had never known Richard III at all. He had indeed grown up under a
Tudor administration. That book was the Bible of the whole historical
world on the subject of Richard III--it was from that account that
Holinshed had taken his material, and from that that Shakespeare had
written his and except that More believed what he wrote to be true it
was of no more value than what the soldier said. It was what his cousin
Laura called 'snow on their boots'. A 'gospel-true' event seen by
someone other than the teller. That More had a critical mind and an
admirable integrity did not make the story acceptable evidence. A great
many otherwise admirable minds had accepted that story of the Russian
troops passing through Britain. Grant had dealt too long with the human
intelligence to accept as truth someone's report of someone's report of
what that someone remembered to have seen or been told.

He was disgusted.

At the first opportunity he must get an actual contemporary account of
the events of Richard's short reign. The Public Library could have Sir
Thomas More back tomorrow and be damned to their fourteen days. The fact
that Sir Thomas was a martyr and a Great Mind did not cut any ice at all
with him, Alan Grant. He, Alan Grant, had known Great Minds so uncritical
that they would believe a story that would make a con. man blush for
shame. He had known a great scientist who was convinced that a piece of
butter muslin was his great-aunt Sophia because an illiterate medium from
the back streets of Plymouth told him so. He had known a great authority
on the Human Mind and Its Evolution who had been taken for all he had by
an incurable knave because he 'judged for himself and not on police
stories'. As far as he, Alan Grant, was concerned there was nothing so
uncritical or so damn-silly as your Great Mind. As far as he, Alan Grant,
was concerned Thomas More was washed out, cancelled, deleted; and he,
Alan Grant, was beginning from scratch again tomorrow morning.

He was still illogically fuming when he fell asleep, and he woke fuming.

'Do you know that your Sir Thomas More knew nothing about Richard III at
all?' he said, accusingly, to The Amazon the moment her large person
appeared in the doorway.

She looked startled, not at his news but at his ferocity. Her eyes looked
as if they might brim with tears at another rough word.

'But of _course_ he knew!' she protested. 'He lived then.'

'He was eight when Richard died,' Grant said, relentless. 'And all he
knew was what he had been told. Like me. Like you. Like Will Rogers of
blessed memory. There is nothing hallowed at all about Sir Thomas More's
history of Richard III. It's a damned piece of hearsay and a swindle.'

'Aren't you feeling so well this morning?' she asked anxiously. 'Do you
think you've got a temperature?'

'I don't know about a temperature, but my blood pressure's away up.'

'Oh dear, dear,' she said, taking this literally. 'And you were doing so
very well. Nurse Ingham will be so distressed. She has been boasting
about your good recovery.'

That The Midget should have found him a subject for boasting was a new
idea to Grant, but it was not one that gave him any gratification. He
resolved to have a temperature in earnest if he could manage it, just to
score off The Midget.

But the morning visit of Marta distracted him from this experiment in the
power of mind over matter.

Marta, it seemed, was pluming herself on his mental health very much as
The Midget was pluming herself on his physical improvement. She was
delighted that her pokings-about with James in the print shop had been so

'Have you decided on Perkin Warbeck, then?' she asked.

'No. Not Warbeck. Tell me: what made you bring me a portrait of Richard
III? There's no mystery about Richard, is there?'

'No. I suppose we took it as illustration to the Warbeck story. No, wait
a moment. I remember. James turned it up and said: "If he's mad about
faces, there's one for him!" He said: "That's the most notorious murderer
in history, and yet his face is in my estimation the face of a saint".'

'A saint!' Grant said; and then remembered something.
"Over-conscientious",' he said.


'Nothing. I was just remembering my first impressions of it. Is that how
it seemed to you: the face of a saint?'

She looked across at the picture, propped up against the pile of books.
'I can't see it against the light,' she said, and picked it up for a
closer scrutiny.

He was suddenly reminded that to Marta, as to Sergeant Williams, faces
were a professional matter. The slant of an eyebrow, the set of a mouth,
was just as much an evidence of character to Marta as to Williams. Indeed
she actually made herself faces to match the characters she played.

'Nurse Ingham thinks he's a dreary. Nurse Darroll thinks he's a horror.
My surgeon thinks he's a polio victim. Sergeant Williams thinks he's a
born judge. Matron thinks he's a soul in torment.'

Marta said nothing for a little while. Then she said: 'It's odd, you
know. When you first look at it you think it a mean, suspicious face.
Even cantankerous. But when you look at it a little longer you find that
it isn't like that at all. It is quite calm. It is really quite a gentle
face, perhaps that is what James meant by being saint-like.'

'No. No, I don't think so. What he meant was the--subservience to

'Whatever it is, it is a _face_, isn't it! Not just a collection of
organs for seeing, breathing, and eating with. A wonderful face. With
very little alteration, you know, it might be a portrait of Lorenzo the

'You don't suppose that it is Lorenzo and that we're considering the
wrong man altogether?'

'Of course not. Why should you think that?'

'Because nothing in the face fits the facts of history. And pictures have
got shuffled before now.'

'Oh, yes, of course they have. But that is Richard all right. The
original--or what is supposed to be the original is at Windsor Castle.
James told me. It is included in Henry VIII's inventory, so it has been
there for four hundred years or so. And there are duplicates at Hatfield
and Albury.'

'It's Richard,' Grant said resignedly. 'I just don't know anything about
faces. Do you know anyone at the B.M.?'

'At the British Museum?' Marta asked, her attention still on the
portrait. 'No, I don't think so. Not that I can think of at the moment. I
went there once to look at some Egyptian Jewellery, when I was playing
Cleopatra with Geoffrey--did you ever see Geoffrey's Antony? it was
superlatively genteel but the place frightens me rather. Such a garnering
of the ages. It made me feel the way the stars make you feel: small and
no-account. What do you want of the B.M.?'

'I wanted some information about history written in Richard III's day.
Contemporary accounts.'

'Isn't the sainted Sir Thomas any good, then?'

'The sainted Sir Thomas is nothing but an old gossip,' Grant said with
venom. He had taken a wild dislike to the much-admired More.

'Oh, dear. And the nice man at the Library seemed so reverent about him.
The Gospel of Richard III according to St Thomas More, and all that.'

'Gospel nothing,' Grant said rudely. 'He was writing down in a Tudor
England what someone had told him about events that happened in a
Plantagenet England when he himself was five.'

'Five years old?'


'Oh, dear. Not exactly the horse's mouth.'

'Not even straight from the course. Come to think of it, it's as reliable
as a bookie's tips would be. He's on the wrong side of the rails
altogether. If he was a Tudor servant he was on the laying side where
Richard III was concerned.'

'Yes. Yes, I suppose so. What do you want to find out about Richard, when
there is no mystery to investigate?'

'I want to know what made him tick. That is a more profound mystery than
anything I have come up against of late. What changed him almost
overnight? Up to the moment of his late brother's death he seems to have
been entirely admirable. And devoted to his brother.'

'I suppose the supreme honour must always be a temptation.'

'He was Regent until the boy came of age, protector of England. With his
previous history, you would think that would have been enough for him.
You would have thought, indeed, that it would have been very much his cup
of tea: guardian of both Edward's son and the kingdom.'

'Perhaps the brat was unbearable, and Richard longed to "larn" him. Isn't
it odd how we never think of victims as anything but white innocents.
Like Joseph in the Bible. I'm sure he was a quite intolerable young man,
actually, and long overdue for that pushing into the pit. Perhaps young
Edward was just sitting up and begging to be quietly put down.'

'There were two of them,' Grant reminded her.

'Yes, of course. Of course there isn't an explanation. It was the
ultimate barbarism. Poor little woolly lambs! Oh!'

'What was the "Oh" for?'

'I've just thought of something. Woolly lambs made me think of it.'


'No, I won't tell you in case it doesn't come off. I must fly.'

'Have you charmed Madeleine March into agreeing to write the play?'

'Well, she hasn't actually signed a contract yet, but I think she is sold
on the idea. Au revoir, my dear. I shall look in soon again.'

She went away, sped on her way by a blushing Amazon, and Grant did not
remember anything about woolly lambs until the woolly lamb actually
turned up in his room next evening. The woolly lamb was wearing
horn-rimmed spectacles, which in some odd way emphasised the resemblance
instead of detracting from it. Grant had been dozing, more at peace with
the world than he had been for some time; history was, as Matron had
pointed out, an excellent way of acquiring a sense of perspective. The
tap at his door was so tentative that he had decided that he had imagined
it. Taps on hospital doors are not apt to be tentative. But something
made him say: 'Come in!' and there in the opening was something that was
so unmistakably Marta's woolly lamb that Grant laughed aloud before he
could stop himself.

The young man looked abashed, smiled nervously, propped the spectacles on
his nose with a long thin forefinger, cleared his throat, and said:

'Mr Grant? My name is Carradine. Brent Carradine. I hope I haven't
disturbed you when you were resting.'

'No, no. Come in, Mr Carradine. I am delighted to see you.'

'Marta--Miss Hallard, that is--sent me. She said I could be of some help
to you.'

'Did she say how? Do sit down. You'll find a chair over there behind the
door. Bring it over.'

He was a tall boy, hatless, with soft fair curls crowning a high forehead
and a much too big tweed coat hanging unfastened round him in negligent
folds, American-wise. Indeed, it was obvious that he was in fact
American. He brought over the chair, planted himself on it with the coat
spread round him like some royal robe and looked at Grant with kind brown
eyes whose luminous charm not even the horn-rims could dim.

'Marta--Miss Hallard, that is--said that you wanted something looked up.'

'And are you a looker-upper?'

'I'm doing research, here in London. Historical research, I mean. And she
said something about your wanting something in that line. She knows I
work at the B.M. most mornings. I'd be very pleased, Mr Grant, to do
anything I can to help you.'

'That's very kind of you; very kind indeed. What is it that you are
working on? Your research, I mean.'

'The Peasants' Revolt.'

'Oh. Richard II.'


'Are you interested in social conditions?'

The young man grinned suddenly in a very unstudentlike way and said: 'No,
I'm interested in staying in England.'

'And can't you stay in England without doing research?'

'Not very easily. I've got to have an alibi. My pop thinks I should go
into the family business. It's furniture. Wholesale furniture. You order
it by mail. Out of a book. Don't misunderstand me, Mr Grant; it's very
good furniture. Lasts for ever. It's just that I can't take much interest
in furnishing-units.'

'And, short of Polar exploration, the British

Museum was the best hideaway you could think of.'

'Well, it's warm. And I really do like history. I majored in it. And
well, Mr Grant, if you really want to know, I just had to follow Atlanta
Shergold to England. She's the dumb blonde in Marta's I mean: in Miss
Hallard's play. I mean she plays the dumb blonde. She's not at all dumb,

'No, indeed. A very gifted young woman indeed.'

'You've seen her?'

'I shouldn't think there is anyone in London who hasn't seen her.'

'No, I suppose not. It does go on and on, doesn't it. We didn't
think--Atlanta and me--that it would run for more than a few weeks, so we
just waved each other goodbye and said: See you at the beginning of the
month! It was when we found that it was going on indefinitely that I just
had to find an excuse to come to England.'

'Wasn't Atlanta sufficient excuse?'

'Not for my pop! The family are very snooty about Atlanta, but Pop is the
worst of the bunch. When he can bring himself to mention her he refers to
her as "that young actress acquaintance of yours." You see, Pop is
Carradine the Third, and Atlanta's father is very much Shergold the
First. A little grocery store on Main Street, as a matter of fact. And
the salt of the earth, in case you're interested. And of course Atlanta
hadn't really done very much, back in the States. I mean, on the stage.
This is her first big success. That is why she didn't want to break her
contract and come back home. As a matter of fact it'll be quite a fight
to get her back home at all. She says we never appreciated her.'

'So you took to research.'

'I had to think of something that I could do only in London, you see. And
I had done some research at college. So the B.M. seemed to be what you
call my cup of tea. I could enjoy myself and yet show my father that I
was really working, both at the same time.'

'Yes. It's as a nice an alibi as ever I met with. Why the Peasants'
Revolt, by the way?'

'Well, it's an interesting time. And I thought it would please Pop.'

'Is _he_ interested in social reform, then?'

'No, but he hates kings.'

'Carradine the Third?'

'Yes, it's a laugh, isn't it. I wouldn't put it past him to have a crown
in one of his safe-deposit boxes. I bet he takes out the parcel every now
and then and sneaks over to Grand Central and tries it on in the men's
washroom. I'm afraid I'm tiring you, Mr Grant; gabbing on about my own
affairs like this. I didn't come for that. I came to--'

'Whatever you came for, you're manna straight from heaven. So relax, if
you're not in a hurry.'

'I'm never in a hurry,' the young man said, unfolding his legs and laying
them out in front of him. As he did it his feet, at the far extremity of
his long limbs, touched the bedside table and shook the portrait of
Richard III from its precarious position, so that it dropped to the

'Oh, pardon me! That was careless of me. I haven't really got used to the
length of my legs yet. You'd think a fellow would be used to his growth
by twenty-two, wouldn't you.' He picked up the photograph, dusted it
carefully with the cuff of his sleeve, and looked at it with interest.
'Richardus III. Ang. Rex.,' he read aloud.

'You're the first person to have noticed that background writing,' Grant

'Well, I suppose it isn't visible unless you look into it. You're the
first person I ever met who had a king for a pin-up.'

'No beauty, is he.'

'I don't know,' said the boy slowly. 'It's not a bad face, as faces go. I
had a prof. at college who looked rather like him. He lived on bismuth
and glasses of milk so he had a slightly jaundiced outlook on life, but
he was the kindest creature imaginable. Is it about Richard that you
wanted information?'

'Yes. Nothing very abstruse or difficult. Just to know what the
contemporary authority is.'

'Well, that should be easy enough. It isn't very far from my own time. I
mean my research period.--Indeed, the modern authority for Richard II Sir
Cuthbert Oliphant stretches over both. Have you read Oliphant?' Grant
said that he had read nothing but schoolbooks and Sir Thomas More.

'More? Henry VIII's Chancellor?'


'I take it that that was a bit of special pleading!'

'It read to me more like a party pamphlet,' Grant said, realising for the
first time that that was the taste that had been left in his mouth. It
had not read like a statesman's account; it had read like a party

No, it had read like a columnist. Like a columnist who got his
information below-stairs.

'Do you know anything about Richard III?'

'Nothing except that he croaked his nephews, and offered his kingdom for
a horse. And that he had two stooges known as the Cat and the Rat.'


'You know: "The Cat, the Rat, and Lovel Our Dog, Rule all England under a

'Yes of course. I'd forgotten that. What does it mean, do you know?'

'No, I've no idea. I don't know that period very well. How did you get
interested in Richard III?'

'Marta suggested that I should do some academic investigating, since I
can't do any practical investigating for some time to come. And because I
find faces interesting she brought me portraits of all the principals.
Principals in the various mysteries she suggested, I mean. Richard got in
more or less by accident, but he proved the biggest mystery of the lot.'

'He did? In what way?'

'He is the author of the most revolting crime in history, and he has the
face of a great judge; a great administrator. Moreover he was by all
accounts an abnormally civilised and well-living creature. He actually
was a good administrator, by the way. He governed the North of England
and did it excellently. He was a good staff officer and a good soldier.
And nothing is known against his private life. His brother, perhaps you
know, was--bar Charles II--our most wench-ridden royal product.'

'Edward IV. Yes, I know. A six-foot hunk of male beauty. Perhaps Richard
suffered from a resentment at the contrast. And that accounts for his
willingness to blot out his brother's seed.'

This was something that Grant had not thought of.

'You're suggesting that Richard had a suppressed hate for his brother?'

'Why suppressed?'

'Because even his worst detractors admit that he was devoted to Edward.
They were together in everything from the time that Richard was twelve or
thirteen. The other brother was no good to anyone. George.'

'Who was George?'

'The Duke of Clarence.'

'Oh. Him! Butt-of-malmsey Clarence.'

'That's the one. So there were just the two of them Edward and Richard I
mean. And there was a ten-year gap in their ages. Just the right
difference for hero-worship.'

'If I were a hunchback,' young Carradine said musingly, 'I sure would
hate a brother who took my credit and my women and my place in the sun.'

'It's possible,' Grant said after an interval. 'It's the best explanation
I've come on so far.'

'It mightn't have been an overt thing at all, you know. It mightn't have
even been a conscious thing. It may just have all boiled up in him when
he saw the chance of a crown. He may have said--I mean his blood may have
said: "Here's my chance! All those years of fetching and carrying and
standing one pace in the rear, and no thanks for them. Here's where I
take my pay. Here's where I settle accounts".'

Grant noticed that by sheer chance Carradine had used the same imagined
description of Richard as Miss Payne-Ellis. Standing one pace in the
rear. That is how the novelist had seen him, standing with the fair,
solid Margaret and George, on the steps of Baynard's Castle watching
their father go away to war. One pace in the rear, 'as usual'.

'That's very interesting, though, what you say about Richard being
apparently a good sort up to the time of the crime,' Carradine said,
propping one leg of his horn-rims with a long forefinger in his
characteristic gesture. 'Makes him more of a person. That Shakespeare
version of him, you know, that's just a caricature. Not a man at all.
I'll be very pleased to do any investigating you want, Mr Grant. It'll
make a nice change from the peasants.'

'The Cat and the Rat instead of John Ball and Wat Tyler.'

'That's it.'

'Well, it's very nice of you. I'd be glad of anything you can rake up.
But at the moment all I pine for is a contemporary account of events.
They must have been country-rocking events. I want to read a
contemporary's account of them. Not what someone heard-tell about events
that happened when he was five, and under another régime altogether.'

'I'll find out who the contemporary historian is. Fabyan, perhaps. Or is
he Henry VII? Anyway, I'll find out. And meanwhile perhaps you'd like a
look at Oliphant. He's the modern authority on the period, or so I

Grant said that he would be delighted to take a look at Sir Cuthbert.

'I'll drop him in when I'm passing tomorrow--I suppose it'll be all right
if I leave him in the office for you? and as soon as I find out about the
contemporary writers I'll be in with the news. That suit you?'

Grant said that that was perfect.

Young Carradine went suddenly shy, reminding Grant of the woolly lamb
which he had quite forgotten in the interest of this new approach to
Richard. He said goodnight in a quiet smothered way, and ambled out of
the room followed by the sweeping skirts of his topcoat.

Grant thought that, the Carradine fortune apart, Atlanta Shergold looked
like being on a good thing.


'Well,' said Marta when she came again, 'what did you think of my woolly

'It was _very_ kind of you to find him for me.'

'I didn't have to find him. He's continually underfoot. He practically
lives at the theatre. He must have seen _To Sea in a Bowl_ five hundred
times; when he isn't in Atlanta's dressing-room he's in front. I wish
they'd get married, and then we might see less of him. (They're not even
living together, you know. It's all pure idyll.') She dropped her
'actress' voice for a moment and said: 'They're rather sweet together. In
some ways they are more like twins than lovers. They have that utter
trust in each other; that dependence on the other half to make a proper
whole. And they never have rows or even quarrels, that I can see. An
idyll, as I said. Was it Brent who brought you this?'

She poked the solid bulk of Oliphant with a doubtful finger.

'Yes, he left it with the porter for me.'

'It looks very indigestible.'

'A bit unappetising, let us say. It is quite easily digested once you have
swallowed it. History for the student. Set out in detailed fact.'


'At least I've discovered where the revered and sainted Sir Thomas More
got his account of Richard.'

'Yes? Where?'

'From one John Morton.'

'Never heard of him.'

'Neither did I, but that's our ignorance.'

'Who was he?'

'He was Henry VII's Archbishop of Canterbury. And Richard's bitterest

If Marta had been capable of whistling, she would have whistled in

'So _that_ was the horse's mouth!' she said.

'That was the horse's mouth. And it is on that account of Richard that
all the later ones were built. It is on that story that Holinshed
fashioned his history, and on that story that Shakespeare fashioned his

'So it is the version of someone who hated Richard. I didn't know that.
Why did the sainted Sir Thomas report Morton rather than someone else?'

'Whoever he reported, it would be a Tudor version. But he reported
Morton, it seems, because he had been in Morton's household as a boy. And
of course Morton had been very much "in on the act", so it was natural to
write down the version of an eyewitness whose account he could have at
first hand.'

Marta poked her finger at Oliphant again. 'Does your dull fat historian
acknowledge that it is a biased version?'

'Oliphant? Only by implication. He is, to be honest, in a sad muddle
himself about Richard. On the same page he says that he was an admirable
administrator and general, with an excellent reputation, staid and
good-living, very popular by contrast with the Woodville upstarts (the
Queen's relations) and that he was "perfectly unscrupulous and ready to
wade through any depth of bloodshed to the crown which lay within his
grasp". On one page he says grudgingly: "There are reasons for supposing
that he was not destitute of a conscience" and then on a later page
reports More's picture of a man so tormented by his own deed that he
could not sleep. And so on.'

'Does your dull fat Oliphant prefer his roses red, then?'

'Oh, I don't think so. I don't think he is consciously Lancastrian.
Though now that I think of it he is very tolerant of Henry VII's
usurpation. I can't remember his saying anywhere, brutally, that Henry
hadn't a vestige of a shadow of a claim to the throne.'

'Who put him there, then? Henry, I mean.'

'The Lancastrian remnant and the upstart Woodvilles, backed, I suppose,
by a country revolted by the boys' murder. Apparently anyone with a spice
of Lancastrian blood in their veins would do. Henry himself was canny
enough to put "conquest" first in his claim to the throne, and his
Lancaster blood second. "De jure belli et de jure Lancastriae." His
mother was the heir of an illegitimate son of the third son of Edward

'All I know about Henry VII is that he was fantastically rich and
fantastically mean. Do you know the lovely Kipling story about his
knighting the craftsman not for having done beautiful work but for having
saved him the cost of some scroll-work?'

'With a rusty sword from behind the arras. You must be one of the few
women who know their Kipling.'

'Oh, I'm a very remarkable woman in many ways. So you are no nearer
finding out about Richard's personality than you were?'

'No. I'm as completely bewildered as Sir Cuthbert Oliphant, bless his
heart. The only difference between us is that I know I'm bewildered and
he doesn't seem to be aware of it.

'Have you seen much of my woolly lamb?'

'I've seen nothing of him since his first visit, and that's three days
ago. I'm beginning to wonder whether he has repented of his promise.'

'Oh, no. I'm sure not. Faithfulness is his banner and creed.'

'Like Richard.'


'His motto was: "Loyaulté me lie". Loyalty binds me.'

There was a tentative tap at the door, and in answer to Grant's
invitation, Brent Carradine appeared, hung around with topcoat as usual.

'Oh! I seem to be butting in. I didn't know you were here, Miss Hallard.
I met the Statue of Liberty in the corridor there, and she seemed to
think you were alone, Mr Grant.'

Grant identified the Statue of Liberty without difficulty. Marta said
that she was in the act of going, and that in any case Brent was a much
more welcome visitor than she was nowadays. She would leave them in peace
to pursue their search for the soul of a murderer.

When he had bowed her politely to the door Brent came back and sat
himself down in the visitor's chair with exactly the same air that an
Englishman wears when he sits down to his port after the women have left
the table. Grant wondered if even the female-ridden American
felt a subconscious relief at settling down to a stag party. In answer to
Brent's inquiry as to how he was getting on with Oliphant, he said he
found Sir Cuthbert admirably lucid.

'I've discovered who the Cat and the Rat were, incidentally. They were
entirely respectable knights of the realm: William Catesby and Richard
Ratcliffe. Catesby was Speaker of the House of Commons, and Ratcliffe was
one of the Commissioners of Peace with Scotland. Its odd how the very
sound of words makes a political jingle vicious. The Hog of course was
Richard's badge. The White Boar. Do you frequent our English pubs?'

'Sure. They're one of the things I think you do better than us.'

'You forgive us our plumbing for the sake of the beer at the Boar.'

'I wouldn't go as far as to say I forgive it. I discount it, shall we

'Magnanimous of you. Well, there's something else you've got to discount.
That theory of yours that Richard hated his brother because of the
contrast between his beauty and Richard's hunchbacked state. According to
Sir Cuthbert, the hunchback is a myth. So is the withered arm. It appears
that he had no visible deformity. At least none that mattered. His left
shoulder was lower than his right, that was all. Did you find out who the
contemporary historian is?'

'There isn't one.'

'None at _all?_'

Not in the sense that you mean it. There were writers who were
contemporaries of Richard, but they wrote after his death. For the
Tudors. Which puts them out of court. There is a monkish chronicle in
Latin somewhere that is contemporary, but I haven't been able to get hold
of it yet. One thing I have discovered though: that account of Richard
III is called Sir Thomas More's not because he wrote it but because the
manuscript was found among his papers. It was an unfinished copy of an
account that appears elsewhere in finished form.'

'Well!' Grant considered this with interest. 'You mean it was More's own
manuscript copy?'

'Yes. In his own writing. Made when he was 'bout thirty-five. In those
days, before printing was general, manuscript copies of books were the
usual thing.'

'Yes. So, if the information came from John Morton, as it did, it is just
as likely that the thing was written by Morton.'


'Which would certainly account for the--the lack of sensibility. A
climber like Morton wouldn't be at all abashed by back-stairs gossip. Do
you know about Morton?'


'He was a lawyer turned churchman, and the greatest pluralist on record.
He chose the Lancastrians side and stayed with it until it was clear that
Edward IV was home and dried. Then he made his peace with the York side
and Edward made him Bishop of Ely. And vicar of God knows how many
parishes besides. But after Richard's accession he backed first the
Woodvilles and then Henry Tudor and ended up with a cardinal's hat as
Henry VII's Archbishop of--'

'Wait a minute!' said the boy, amused. 'Of _course_ I know Morton. He was
Morton of "Morton's Fork". "You can't be spending much so how about
something for the King; you're spending such a lot you must be very rich
so how about something for the King?"'

'Yes. That Morton. Henry's best thumbscrew. And I've just thought of a
reason why he might have a personal hatred for Richard long before the
murder of the boys.'


'Edward took a large bribe from Louis XI to make a dishonourable peace in
France. Richard was very angry about that--it really was a disgraceful
affair--and washed his hands of the business. Which included refusing a
large cash offer. But Morton was very much in favour both of the deal and
the cash. Indeed he took a pension from Louis. A very nice pension it
was. Two thousand crowns a year. I don't suppose Richard's outspoken
comments went down very well, even with good gold for a chaser.'

'No. I guess not.'

'And of course there would be no preferment for Morton under the
straight-laced Richard as there had been under the easy-going Edward. So
he would have taken the Woodville side, even if there had been no

'About that murder--' the boy said; and paused.


'About the murder the murder of those two boys--isn't it odd that no one
talks of it?'

'How do you mean: no one talks of it?'

'These last three days I've been going through contemporary papers:
letters and what not. And no one mentions them at all.'

'Perhaps they were afraid to. It was a time when it paid to be discreet.'

'Yes: but I'll tell you something even odder. You know that Henry brought
a Bill of Attainder against Richard, after Bosworth. Before Parliament. I
mean. Well, he accuses Richard of cruelty and tyranny but doesn't even
mention the murder.'

'What!' said Grant, startled.

'Yes, you may look startled.'

'Are you sure?'

'Quite sure.'

'But Henry got possession of the Tower immediately on his arrival in
London after Bosworth. If the boys were missing it is incredible that he
should not publish the fact immediately. It was the trump card in his
hand.' He lay in surprised silence for a little, The sparrows on the
window-sill quarrelled loudly. 'I can't make sense of it.' he said. 'What
possible explanation can there be for his omission to make capital out of
the fact that the boys were missing?'

Brent shifted his long legs to a more comfortable position. 'There is
only one explanation,' he said. 'And that is that the boys weren't

There was a still longer silence this time, while they stared at each

'Oh, no, it's nonsense,' Grant said. 'There must be some obvious
explanation that we are failing to see.'

'As what, for instance?'

'I don't know. I haven't had time to think.'

'I've had nearly three days to think, and I still haven't thought up a
reason that will fit. _Nothing_ will fit the facts except the conclusion
that the boys were alive when Henry took over the Tower. It was a
completely unscrupulous Act of Attainder; it accused Richard's
followers--the loyal followers of an anointed King fighting against an
invader--of treason. Every accusation that Henry could possibly make with
any hope of getting away with it was put into that Bill. And the very
worst he could accuse Richard of was the usual cruelty and tyranny. The
boys aren't even mentioned.'

'It's fantastic.'

'It's unbelievable. But it is fact.'

'What it means is that there was _no contemporary accusation at all_.'

'That's about it.'

'But but wait a minute. Tyrrel was hanged for the murder. He actually
confessed to it before he died. Wait a minute.' He reached for Oliphant
and sped through the pages looking for the place. 'There's a full account
of it here somewhere. There was no mystery about it. Even the Statue of
Liberty knew about it.'


'The nurse you met in the corridor. It was Tyrrel who committed the
murder and he was found guilty and confessed before his death.'

Was that when Henry took over in London, then?'

'Wait a moment. Here it is.' He skimmed down the paragraph. 'No, it was
in 1502.' He realised all of a sudden what he had just said, and repeated
in a new, bewildered tone: 'In--1502.'

'But--but--but that was--'

'Yes. Nearly twenty years afterwards.'

Brent fumbled for his cigarette case, took it out, and then put it
hastily away again.

'Smoke if you like,' Grant said. 'It's a good stiff drink I need. I don't
think my brain can be working very well. I feel the way I used to feel as
a child when I was blindfolded and whirled round before beginning a
blindman's-buff game.'

'Yes,' said Carradine. He took out a cigarette and lighted it.
'Completely in the dark, and more than a little dizzy.'

He sat staring at the sparrows.

'Forty million schoolbooks can't be wrong,' Grant said after a little.

'Can't they?'

'Well, can they!'

'I used to think so, but I'm not so sure nowadays.'

'Aren't you being a little sudden in your scepticism?'

'Oh, it wasn't this that shook me.'

'What then?'

'A little affair called the Boston Massacre. Ever heard of it?'

'Of course.'

'Well, I discovered quite by accident, when I was looking up something at
college, that the Boston Massacre consisted of a mob throwing stones at a
sentry. The total casualties were four. I was brought up on the Boston
Massacre, Mr Grant. My twenty-eight-inch chest used to swell at the very
memory of it. My good red spinach-laden blood used to seethe at the
thought of helpless civilians mowed down by the fire of British troops.
You can't imagine what a shock it was to find that all it added up to in
actual fact was a brawl that wouldn't get more than local reporting in a
clash between police and strikers in any American lock-out.'

As Grant made no reply to this, he squinted his eyes against the light to
see how Grant was taking it. But Grant was staring at the ceiling as if
he were watching patterns forming there.

'That's partly why I like to research so much,' Carradine volunteered;
and settled back to staring at the sparrows.

Presently Grant put his hand out, wordlessly, and Carradine gave him a
cigarette and lighted it for him.

They smoked in silence.

It was Grant who interrupted the sparrows' performance.

'Tonypandy,' he said.

'How's that?'

But Grant was still far away.

'After all, I've seen the thing at work in my own day, haven't I,' he
said, not to Carradine but to the ceiling. 'It's Tonypandy.'

'And what in heck is Tonypandy?' Brent asked. 'It sounds like a patent
medicine. Does your child get out of sorts? Does the little face get
flushed, the temper short, and the limbs easily tired? Give the little
one Tonypandy, and see the radiant results.' And then, as Grant made no
answer: 'All right, then; keep your Tonypandy. I wouldn't have it as a

'Tonypandy,' Grant said, still in that sleepwalking voice, 'is a place in
the South of Wales.'

'I knew it was some kind of physic.'

'If you go to South Wales you will hear that, in 1910, the Government
used troops to shoot down Welsh miners who were striking for their
rights. You'll probably hear that Winston Churchill, who was Home
Secretary at the time, was responsible. South Wales, you will be told,
will never forget Tonypandy!'

Carradine had dropped his flippant air.

'And it wasn't a bit like that?'

'The actual facts are these. The rougher section of the Rhondda valley
crowd had got quite out of hand. Shops were being looted and property
destroyed. The Chief Constable of Glamorgan sent a request to the Home
Office for troops to protect the lieges. If a Chief Constable thinks a
situation serious enough to ask for the help of the military a Home
Secretary has very little choice in the matter. But Churchill was so
horrified at the possibility of the troops coming face to face with a
crowd of rioters and having to fire on them, that he stopped the movement
of the troops and sent instead a body of plain, solid Metropolitan
Police, armed with nothing but their rolled-up mackintoshes. The troops
were kept in reserve, and all contact with the rioters was made by
unarmed London police. The only bloodshed in the whole affair was a
bloody nose or two. The Home Secretary was severely criticised in the
House of Commons incidentally for his "unprecedented intervention". That
was Tonypandy. That is the shooting-down by troops that Wales will never

'Yes,' Carradine said, considering. 'Yes. It's almost a parallel to the
Boston affair. Someone blowing up a simple affair to huge proportions for
a political end.'

'The point is not that it is a parallel. The point is that _every single_
man who was there knows that the story is nonsense, and yet it has never
been contradicted. It will never be overtaken now. It is a completely
untrue story grown to legend while the men who knew it to be untrue
looked on and said nothing.'

'Yes. That's very interesting; very. History as it is made.'

'Yes. History.'

'Give me research. After all, the truth of anything at all doesn't lie in
someone's account of it. It lies in all the small facts of the time. An
advertisement in a paper. The sale of a house. The price of a ring.'

Grant went on looking at the ceiling, and the sparrows' clamour came back
into the room.

'What amuses you?' Grant said, turning his head at last and catching the
expression on his visitor's face.

'This is the first time I've seen you look like a policeman.'

'I'm feeling like a policeman. I'm thinking like a policeman. I'm asking
myself the question that every policeman asks in every case of murder:
Who benefits? And for the first time it occurs to me that the glib theory
that Richard got rid of the boys to make himself safer on the throne is
so much nonsense. Supposing he had got rid of the boys. There were still
the boys' five sisters between him and the throne. To say nothing of
George's two: the boy and girl. George's son and daughter were barred by
their father's attainder; but I take it that an attainder can be
reversed, or annulled, or something. If Richard's claim was shaky, all
those lives stood between him and safety.'

'And did they all survive him?'

'I don't know. But I shall make it my business to find out. The boys'
eldest sister certainly did because she became Queen of England as
Henry's wife.'

'Look, Mr Grant, let's you and I start at the very beginning of this
thing. Without history books, or modern versions, or anyone's opinion
about anything. Truth isn't in accounts but in account books.'

'A neat phrase,' Grant said, complimentary. 'Does it mean anything?'

'It means everything. The real history is written in forms not meant as
history. In Wardrobe accounts, in Privy Purse expenses, in personal
letters, in estate books. If someone, say, insists that Lady Whoosit
never had a child, and you find in the account book the entry: "For the
son born to my lady on Michaelmas eve: five yards of blue ribbon,
fourpence halfpenny" it's a reasonably fair deduction that my lady had a
son on Michaelmas eve.'

'Yes. I see. All right, where do we begin?'

'You're the investigator. I'm only the looker-upper.'

'Research Worker.'

'Thanks. What do you want to know?'

'Well, for a start, it would be useful, not to say enlightening, to know
how the principals in the case reacted to Edward's death. Edward IV, I
mean. Edward died unexpectedly, and his death must have caught everyone
on the hop. I'd like to know how the people concerned reacted.'

'That's straight forward and easy. I take it you mean what they did and
not what they thought.'

'Yes, of course.'

'Only historians tell you what they thought. Research Workers stick to
what they did.'

'What they did is all I want to know. I've always been a believer in the
old saw that actions speak louder than words.'

'Incidentally, what does the sainted Sir Thomas say that Richard did when
he heard that his brother was dead?' Brent wanted to know.

'The sainted Sir Thomas (alias John Morton) says that Richard got busy
being charming to the Queen and persuading her not to send a large
bodyguard to escort the boy prince from Ludlow; meanwhile cooking up a
plot to kidnap the boy on his way to London.'

'According to the sainted More, then, Richard meant from the very first
to supplant the boy.'

'Oh, yes.'

'Well, we shall find out, at least, who was where and doing what, whether
we can deduce their intentions or not.'

'That's what I want. Exactly.'

'Policeman!' jibed the boy. '"Where were you at five p.m. on the night of
the fifteenth inst?"'

'It works,' Grant assured him. 'It works.'

'Well, I'll go away and work too. I'll be in again as soon as I have got
the information you want. I'm very grateful to you, Mr Grant. This is a
lot better than the Peasants.'

He floated away into the gathering dusk of the winter afternoon, his
train-like coat giving an academic sweep and dignity to his thin young

Grant switched on his lamp, and examined the pattern it made on the
ceiling as if he had never seen it before.

It was a unique and engaging problem that the boy had dropped so casually
into his lap. As unexpected as it was baffling.

What possible reason could there be for that lack of contemporary

Henry had not even needed proof that Richard was himself responsible. The
boys were in Richard's care. If they were not to be found when the Tower
was taken over, then that was far finer, thicker mud to throw at his dead
rival than the routine accusations of cruelty and tyranny.

Grant ate his supper without for one moment being conscious either of its
taste or its nature.

It was only when The Amazon, taking away his tray, said kindly: 'Come
now, that's a very good sign. Both rissoles all eaten up to the last
crumb!' that he became aware that he had partaken of a meal.

For another hour he watched the lamp-pattern on the ceiling, going over
the thing in his mind; going round and round it looking for some small
crack that might indicate a way into the heart of the matter.

In the end he withdrew his attention altogether from the problem, which
was his habit when a conundrum proved too round and smooth and solid for
immediate solution. If he slept on the proposition it might, tomorrow,
show a facet that he had missed.

He looked for something that might stop his mind from harking back to
that Act of Attainder, and saw the pile of letters waiting to be
acknowledged. Kind, well-wishing letters from all sorts of people;
including a few old lags. The really likable old lags were an outmoded
type, growing fewer and fewer daily. Their place had been taken by brash
young thugs with not a spark of humanity in their egocentric souls, as
illiterate as puppies and as pitiless as a circular saw. The old
professorial burglar was apt to be as individual as the member of any
other profession, and as little vicious. Quiet little domestic men,
interested in family holidays and the children's tonsils; or odd
bachelors devoted to cage-birds, or second-hand bookshops, or complicated
and infallible betting systems. Old-fashioned types.

No modern thug would write to say that he was sorry that a 'busy' was
laid aside. No such idea would ever cross a modern thug's mind.

Writing a letter when lying on one's back is a laborious business, and
Grant shied away from it. But the top envelope on the pile bore the
writing of his cousin Laura, and Laura would become anxious if she had no
answer at all from him. Laura and he had shared summer holidays as
children, and had been a little in love with each other all through one
Highland summer, and that made a bond between them that had never been
broken. He had better send Laura a note to say that he was alive.

He read her letter again, smiling a little; and the waters of the Turlie
sounded in his ears and slid under his eyes, and he could smell the sweet
cold smell of a Highland moor in winter, and he forgot for a little that
he was a hospital patient and that life was sordid and boring and

Pat sends what would be his love if he were a little older or just a
little younger. Being nine, he says: 'Tell Alan I was asking for him',
and has a fly of his own invention waiting to be presented to you when
you come on sick-leave. He is a little in disgrace at the moment in
school, having learned for the first time that the Scots sold Charles the
First to the English and having decided that he can no longer belong to
such a nation. He is therefore, I understand, conducting a one-man
protest strike against all things Scottish, and will learn no history,
sing no song, nor memorise any geography pertaining to so deplorable a
country. He announced going to bed last night that he has decided to
apply for Norwegian citizenship.

Grant took his letter pad from the table and wrote in pencil:

Dearest Laura,

Would you be unbearably surprised to learn that the Princes in the Tower
survived Richard III?

As ever


P.S. I am nearly well again.


'Do you know that the Bill attainting Richard III before Parliament
didn't mention the murder of the Princes in the Tower?' Grant asked the
surgeon next morning.

'Really?' said the surgeon. 'That's odd, isn't it?'

'Extremely odd. Can you think of an explanation?'

'Probably trying to minimise the scandal. For the sake of the family.'

'He wasn't succeeded by one of his family. He was the last of his line.
His successor was the first Tudor. Henry VII.'

'Yes, of course. I'd forgotten. I was never any good at history. I used
to use the history period to do my home algebra. They don't manage to
make history very interesting in schools. Perhaps more portraits might
help.' He glanced up at the Richard portrait and went back to his
professional inspection. 'That is looking very nice and healthy, I'm glad
to say. No pain to speak of now?'

And he went away, kindly and casual. He was interested in faces because
they were part of his trade, but history was just something that he used
for other purposes; something that he set aside in favour of algebra
under the desk. He had living bodies in his care, and the future in his
hands; he had no thought to spare for problems academic.

Matron, too, had more immediate worries. She listened politely while he
put his difficulty to her, but he had the impression that she might say:
'I should see the almoner about it if I were you'. It was not her affair.
She looked down from her regal eminence at the great hive below her
buzzing with activity, all of it urgent and important; she could hardly
be expected to focus her gaze on something more than four hundred years

He wanted to say: 'But you of all people should be interested in what can
happen to royalty; in the frailness of your reputation's worth. Tomorrow
a whisper may destroy you.' But he was already guiltily conscious that to
hinder a Matron with irrelevances was to lengthen her already lengthy
morning round without reason or excuse.

The Midget did not know what an Attainder was, and made it clear that she
did not care.

'It's becoming an obsession with you, that thing,' she said, leaning her
head at the portrait. 'It's not healthy. Why don't you read some of those
nice books?'

Even Marta, whose visit he had looked forward to so that he could put
this odd, new proposition to her and see her reaction, even Marta was too
full of wrath with Madeleine March to pay any attention to him.

'After practically promising me that she would write it! After all our
get-together and my plans for when this endless thing finally comes to an
end. I had even talked to Jacques about clothes! And now she decides that
she must write one of her awful little detective stories. She says she
must write it while it is fresh--whatever that is.'

He listened to Marta's grieving with sympathy--good plays were the
scarcest commodity in the world and good playwrights worth their weight
in platinum--but it was like watching something through a window. The
fifteenth century was more actual to him this morning than any on-goings
in Shaftesbury Avenue.

'I don't suppose it will take her long to write her detective book,' he
said comfortingly.

'Oh, no. She does them in six weeks or so. But now that she's off the
chain how do I know that I'll ever get her on again. Tony Savilla wants
her to write a Marlborough play for him, and you know what Tony is when
he sets his heart on something. He'd talk the pigeons off the Admiralty

She came back to the Attainder problem, briefly, before she took her

'There's sure to be some explanation, my dear,' she said from the door.

Of _course_ there's an explanation, he wanted to shout after her, but
what is it? The thing is against all likelihood and sense. Historians say
that the murder caused a great revulsion of feeling against Richard, that
he was hated for the crime by the common people of England, and that was
why they welcomed a stranger in his place. And yet when the tale of his
wrongdoing is placed before Parliament there is no mention of the crime.

Richard was dead when that complaint was drawn up, and his followers in
flight or exile; his enemies were free to bring against him any charge
they could think of. And they _had not thought of that spectacular


The country was reputedly ringing with the scandal of the boys'
disappearance. The very recent scandal. And when his enemies collected
his alleged offences against morality and the State they had not included
Richard's most spectacular piece of infamy.


Henry needed every small featherweight of advantage in the precarious
newness of his accession. He was unknown to the country at large and he
had no right by blood to be where he was. But he hadn't used the
overwhelming advantage that Richard's published crime would have given


He was succeeding a man of great reputation, known personally to the
people from the Marches of Wales to the Scots border, a man universally
liked and admired until the disappearance of his nephews. And yet he
omitted to use the one real advantage he had against Richard, the
unforgivable, the abhorred thing.


Only The Amazon seemed concerned about the oddity that was engaging his
mind; and she not out of any feeling for Richard but because her
conscientious soul was distressed at any possibility of mistake. The
Amazon would go all the way down the corridor and back again to tear off
a page in a loose-leaf calendar that someone had forgotten to remove. But
her instinct to be worried was less strong than her instinct to comfort.

'You don't need to worry about it,' she said, soothing. 'There'll be some
quite simple explanation that you haven't thought of. It'll come to you
sometime when you're thinking of something else altogether. That's
usually how I remember where something I've mislaid is. I'll be putting
the kettle on in the pantry, or counting the sterile dressings as Sister
doles them out, and suddenly I'll think: "Goodness, I left it in my
burberry pocket." Whatever the thing was, I mean. So you don't have to
worry about it.'

Sergeant Williams was in the wilds of Essex helping the local
constabulary to decide who had hit an old shopkeeper over the head with a
brass scale-weight and left her dead among the shoelaces and liquorice
all-sorts, so there was no help from the Yard.

There was no help from anyone until young Carradine turned up again three
days later. Grant thought that his normal insouciance had a deeper tinge
than usual; there was almost an air of self-congratulation about him.
Being a well-brought-up child he inquired politely about Grant's physical
progress, and having been reassured on that point he pulled some notes
out of the capacious pocket of his coat and beamed through his horn-rims
at his colleague.

'I wouldn't have the sainted More as a present,' he observed pleasantly.

'You're not being offered him. There are no takers.'

'He's away off the beam. Away off.'

'I suspected as much. Let us have the facts. Can you begin on the day
Edward died?'

'Sure. Edward died on April the 9th 1483. In London. I mean, in
Westminster; which wasn't the same thing then. The Queen and the
daughters were living there, _and_ the younger boy, I think. The young
Prince was doing lessons at Ludlow Castle in charge of the Queen's
brother, Lord Rivers. The Queen's relations are very much to the fore,
did you know? The place is just lousy with Woodvilles.'

'Yes, I know. Go on. Where was Richard?'

'On the Scottish border.'


'Yes, I said: on the Scottish border. Caught away off base. But does he
yell for a horse and go posting off to London? He does not.'

'What did he do?'

'He arranged for a requiem mass at York, to which all the nobility of the
North were summoned, and in his presence took an oath of loyalty to the
young Prince.'

'Interesting,' Grant said dryly. 'What did Rivers do? The Queen's

'On the 24th of April he set out with the Prince for London. With two
thousand men and a large supply of arms.'

'What did he want the arms for?'

'Don't ask me. I'm only a Research Worker. Dorset, the elder of the
Queen's two sons by her first marriage, took over both the arsenal and
the treasure in the Tower and began to fit up ships to command the
Channel. And Council orders were issued _in the name of Rivers and
Dorset_--"avunculus Regis" and "frater Regis uterinus" respectively--with
no mention of Richard. Which was decidedly off-colour when you
remember--if you ever knew--that in his will Edward had appointed Richard
guardian of the boy and Protector of the Kingdom in case of any minority.
Richard alone, mind you, without a colleague.'

'Yes, that is in character, at least. He must always have had complete
faith in Richard. Both as a person and as an administrator. Did Richard
come south with a young army too?'

'No. He came with six hundred gentlemen of the North, all in deep
mourning. He arrived at Northampton on April the 29th. He had apparently
expected to join up with the Ludlow crowd there; but that is report and
you have only a historian's word for it. But the Ludlow
procession--Rivers and the young Prince--had gone on to Stoney Stratford
without waiting for him. The person who actually met him at Northampton
was the Duke of Buckingham with three hundred men. Do you know

'We have a nodding acquaintance. He was a friend of Edward's.'

'Yes. He arrived post haste from London.'

'With the news of what was going on.'

'It's a fair deduction. He wouldn't bring three hundred men just to
express his condolences. Anyhow a Council was held there and then--he had
all the material for a proper Council in his own train and Buckingham's,
and Rivers and his three aides were arrested and sent to the North, while
Richard went on with the young Prince to London. They arrived in London
on the 4th of May.'

'Well, that is very nice and clear. And what is clearest of all is that,
considering time and distances, the sainted More's account of his writing
sweet letters to the Queen to induce her to send only a small escort for
the boy, is nonsense.'


'Indeed, Richard did just what one would expect him to do. He must of
course have known the provisions of Edward's will. What his actions
suggest is just what one would expect them to suggest; his own sorrow and
his care for the boy. A requiem mass and an oath of allegiance.'


'Where does the break in this orthodox pattern come? I mean: in Richard's

'Oh, not for a long time. When he arrived in London he found that the
Queen, the younger boy, the daughters, and her first-marriage son,
Dorset, had all bolted into sanctuary at Westminster. But apart from that
things seem to have been normal.'

'Did he take the boy to the Tower?'

Carradine riffled through his notes. 'I don't remember. Perhaps I didn't
get that. I was only--Oh, yes, here it is. No, he took the boy to the
Bishop's Palace in St Paul's Churchyard, and he himself went to stay with
his mother at Baynard's Castle. Do you know where that was? I don't.'

'Yes. It was the Yorks' town house. It stood on the bank of the river
just a little way west of St Paul's.'

'Oh. Well, he stayed there until June the 5th, when his wife arrived from
the North and they went to stay in a house called Crosby Place.'

'It is still called Crosby Place. It has been moved to Chelsea, and the
window Richard put into it may not still be there--I haven't seen it
lately--but the building is there.'

'It is?' Carradine said, delighted. 'I'll go and see it right away. It's
a very domestic tale when you think of it, isn't it. Staying with his
mother until his wife gets to town, and then moving in with her. Was
Crosby Place theirs, then?'

'Richard had leased it, I think. It belonged to one of the Aldermen of
London. So there is no suggestion of opposition to his Protectorship, or
of change of plans, when he arrived in London.'

'Oh, no. He was acknowledged Protector before he ever arrived in London.'

'How do you know that?'

'In the Patent Rolls he is called Protector on two occasions--let me
see--April 21st (that's less than a fortnight after Edward's death) and
May the 2nd (that's two days before he arrived in London at all.)'

'All right; I'm sold. And no fuss? No hint of trouble?'

'Not that I can find. On the 5th of June he gave detailed orders for the
boy's coronation on the 22nd. He even had letters of summons sent out to
the forty squires who would be made knights of the Bath. It seems it was
the custom for the King to knight them on the occasion of his

'The 5th,' Grant said musingly. 'And he fixed the coronation for the
22nd. He wasn't leaving himself much time for a switch-over.'

'No. There's even a record of the order for the boy's coronation

'And then what?'

'Well,' Carradine said, apologetic, 'that's as far as I've got. Something
happened at a Council--on the 8th of June, I think--but the contemporary
account is in the _Mémoires_ of Philippe de Comines and I haven't been
able to get hold of a copy so far. But someone has promised to let me see
a copy of Mandrot's 1901 printing of it tomorrow. It seems that the
Bishop of Bath broke some news to the Council on June the 8th. Do you
know the Bishop of Bath? His name was Stillington.'

'Never heard of him.'

'He was a Fellow of All Souls, whatever that is, and a Canon of York,
whatever that may be.'

'Both learned and respectable, it appears.'

'Well, we'll see.'

'Have you turned up any contemporary historians--other than Comines?'

'Not any, so far, who wrote before Richard's death. Comines has a French
bias but not a Tudor one, so he's more trustworthy than an Englishman
writing about Richard under the Tudors would be. But I've got a lovely
sample for you of how history is made. I found it when I was looking up
the contemporary writers. You know that one of the things they tell about
Richard III is that he killed Henry VI's only son in cold blood after the
battle of Tewkesbury? Well, believe it or not, that story is made up out
of whole cloth. You can trace it from the very time it was first told.
It's the perfect answer to people who say there's no smoke without fire.
Believe me this smoke was made by rubbing two pieces of dry stick

'But Richard was just a boy at the time of Tewkesbury.'

'He was eighteen, I think. And a very bonny fighter by all contemporary
accounts. They were the same age, Henry's son and Richard. Well, _all_
the contemporary accounts, of whatever complexion, are unanimous in
saying that he was killed during the battle. Then the fun begins.'

Carradine fluttered through his notes impatiently.

'Goldarn it, what did I do with it? Ah. Here we are. Now. Fabyan, writing
for Henry VII, says that the boy was captured and brought before Edward
IV, was struck in the face by Edward with his gauntlet and immediately
slain by the King's servants. Nice? But Polydore Virgil goes one better.
He says that the murder was done in person by George, Duke of Clarence,
Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and William, Lord Hastings. Hall adds Dorset
to the murderers. But that didn't satisfy Holinshed: Holinshed reports
that it was Richard Duke of Gloucester who struck the first blow. How do
you like that? Best quality Tonypandy, isn't it.'

'Pure Tonypandy. A dramatic story with not a word of truth in it. If you
can bear to listen to a few sentences of the sainted More, I'll give you
another sample of how history is made.'

'The sainted More makes me sick at the stomach but I'll listen.'

Grant looked for the paragraph he wanted, and read:

Some wise men also ween that his drift [that is, Richard's drift]
covertly conveyed, lacked not in helping forth his brother Clarence to
his death; which he resisted openly, howbeit somewhat, as men deemed,
more faintly than he that were heartily minded to his weal. And they who
deem thus think that he, long time in King Edward's life, forethought to
be King in case that the King his brother (whose life he looked that evil
diet should shorten) should happen to decease (as indeed he did) while
his children were young. And they deem that for this intent he was glad
of his brother Clarence's death, whose life must needs have hindered him
so intending whether the same Clarence had kept true to his nephew the
young King or enterprised to be King himself. But of all this point there
is no certainty, and whoso divineth upon conjectures may as well shoot
too far as too short.

'The mean, burbling insinuating old dotard,' said Carradine sweetly.

'Were you clever enough to pick out the one positive statement in all
that speculation?'

'Oh, yes.'

'You spotted it? That was smart of you. I had to read it three times
before I got the one unqualified fact.'

'That Richard protested openly against his brother George being put to


'Of course, with all that "men say" stuff,' Carradine observed, 'the
impression that is left is just the opposite. I told you, I wouldn't have
the sainted More as a present.'

'I think we ought to remember that it is John Morton's account and not
the sainted More's.'

'The sainted More sounds better. Besides, he liked the thing well enough
to be copying it out.'

Grant, the one-time soldier, lay thinking of the expert handling of that
very sticky situation at Northampton.

'It was neat of him to mop up Rivers' two thousand without any open

'I expect they preferred the King's brother to the Queen's brother, if
they were faced with it.'

'Yes. And of course a fighting man has a better chance with troops than a
man who writes books.'

'Did Rivers write books?'

'He wrote the first book printed in England. Very cultured, he was.'

'Huh. It doesn't seem to have taught him not to try conclusions with a
man who was a brigadier at eighteen and a general before he was
twenty-five. That's one thing that has surprised me, you know.'

'Richard's qualities as a soldier?'

'No, his youth. I'd always thought of him as a middle-aged grouch. He was
only thirty-two when he was killed at Bosworth.'

'Tell me: when Richard took over the boy's guardianship, at Stoney
Stratford, did he make a clean sweep of the Ludlow crowd? I mean, was the
boy separated from all the people he had been growing up with?'

'Oh, no. His tutor, Dr Alcock, came on to London with him, for one.'

'So there was no panic clearing-out of everyone who might be on the
Woodville side; everyone who might influence the boy against him.'

'Seems not. Just the four arrests.'

'Yes. A very neat, discriminating operation altogether. I felicitate
Richard Plantagenet.'

'I'm positively beginning to like the guy. Well, I'm going along now to
look at Crosby Place. I'm tickled pink at the thought of actually looking
at a place he lived in. And tomorrow I'll have that copy of Comines, and
let you know what he says about events in England in 1483, and what
Robert Stillington, Bishop of Bath, told the Council in June of that


What Stillington told the Council on that summer day in 1483 was, Grant
learned, that he had married Edward IV to Lady Eleanor Butler, a daughter
of the first Earl of Shrewsbury, before Edward married Elizabeth
Woodville. 'Why had he kept it to himself so long?' he asked when he had
digested the news.

'Edward had commanded him to keep it secret. Naturally.'

'Edward seems to have made a habit of secret marriages,' Grant said

'Well, it must have been difficult for him, you know, when he came up
against unassailable virtue. There was nothing for it but marriage. And
he was so used to getting his own way with women--what with his looks and
his crown--that he couldn't have taken very resignedly to frustration.'

'Yes. That was the pattern of the Woodville marriage. The indestructibly
virtuous beauty with the gilt hair, and the secret wedding. So Edward had
used the same formula on a previous occasion, if Stillington's story was
true. Was it true?'

'Well, in Edward's time, it seems, he was in turn both Privy Seal and
Lord Chancellor, and he had been an ambassador to Brittany. So Edward
either owed him something or liked him. And he, on his part, had no
reason to cook up anything against Edward. Supposing he was the cooking

'No, I suppose not.'

'Anyway, the thing was put to Parliament so we don't have to take just
Stillington's word for it.'

'To Parliament!'

'Sure. Everything was open and above board. There was a very long meeting
of the Lords at Westminster on the 9th. Stillington brought in his
evidence and his witnesses, and a report was prepared to put before
Parliament when it assembled on the 25th. On the 10th Richard sent a
letter to the city of York asking for troops to protect and support him.'

'Ha! Trouble at last.'

'Yes. On the 11th he sent a similar letter to his cousin Lord Nevill. So
the danger was real.'

'It must have been real. A man who dealt so economically with that
unexpected and very nasty situation at Northampton wouldn't be one to
lose his head at a threat.'

'On the 20th he went with a small body of retainers to the Tower--did you
know that the Tower was the royal residence in London, and not a prison
at all?'

'Yes, I knew that. It got its prison meaning only because nowadays being
sent to the Tower has one meaning only. And of course because, being the
royal castle in London, and the only strong keep, offenders were sent
there for safe keeping in the days before we had His Majesty's Prisons.
What did Richard go to the Tower for?'

'He went to interrupt a meeting of the conspirators, and arrested Lord
Hastings, Lord Stanley, and one John Morton, Bishop of Ely.'

'I thought we would arrive at John Morton sooner or later!'

'A proclamation was issued, giving details of the plot to murder Richard,
but apparently no copy now exists. Only one of the conspirators was
beheaded, and that one, oddly enough, seems to have been an old friend of
both Edward and Richard. Lord Hastings.'

'Yes, according to the sainted More he was rushed down to the courtyard
and beheaded on the nearest log.'

'Rushed nothing,' said Carradine disgustedly. 'He was beheaded a week
later. There's a contemporary letter about it that gives the date.
Moreover, Richard couldn't have done it out of sheer vindictiveness,
because he granted Hastings' forfeited estates to his widow, and restored
the children's right of succession to them--which they had automatically

'No, the death of Hastings must have been inevitable,' said Grant, who
was thumbing through More's _Richard III_. 'Even the sainted More says:
"Undoubtedly the Protector loved him well, and was loth to have lost
him". What happened to Stanley and to John Morton?'

'Stanley was pardoned--What are you groaning about?'

'Poor Richard. That was his death warrant.'

'Death warrant? How could pardoning Stanley be his death warrant?'

'Because it was Stanley's sudden decision to go over to the other side
that lost Richard the battle of Bosworth.'

'You don't say.'

'Odd to think that if Richard had seen to it that Stanley went to the
block like his much-loved Hastings he would have won the battle of
Bosworth, there would never have been any Tudors, and the hunchbacked
monster that appears in Tudor tradition would never have been invented.
On his previous showing he would probably have had the best and most
enlightened reign in history. What was done to Morton?'


'Another mistake.'

'Or at least nothing to signify. He was put into gentlemanly detention
under the care of Buckingham. The people who did go to the block were the
heads of the conspiracy that Richard had arrested at Northampton: Rivers
and Co. And Jane Shore was sentenced to do penance.'

'Jane Shore? What on earth has she got to do with the case? I thought she
was Edward's mistress?'

'So she was. But Hastings inherited her from Edward, it seems. Or
rather--let me see--Dorset did. And she was go-between between the
Hastings side of the conspiracy and the Woodville side. One of Richard's
letters existing today is about her. About Jane Shore.'

'What about her?'

'His Solicitor-General wanted to marry her; when he was King, I mean.'

'And he agreed?'

'He agreed. It's a lovely letter. More in sorrow than in anger--With a
kind of twinkle in it.'

'"Lord, what fools these mortals be!"'

'That's it exactly.'

'No vindictiveness there, either, it seems.'

'No. Quite the opposite. You know, I know it isn't my business to think
or draw deductions--I'm just the Research Worker--but it does strike me
that Richard's ambition was to put an end to the York-Lancaster fight
once and for all.'

'What makes you think that?'

'Well, I've been looking at his coronation lists. It was the
best-attended coronation on record, incidentally. You can't help being
struck by the fact that practically nobody stayed away. Lancaster or

'Including the weather-cock Stanley, I suppose.'

'I suppose so. I don't know them well enough to remember them

'Perhaps you're right about his wanting a final end to the York-Lancaster
feud. Perhaps his lenience with Stanley was due to that very thing.'

'Was Stanley a Lancastrian, then?'

'No, but he was married to an abnormally rabid one. His wife was Margaret
Beaufort, and the Beauforts were the reverse side, so to speak--the
illegitimate side--of the Lancaster family. Not that her by-blow side
worried her. _Or_ her son.'

'Who was her son?'

'Henry VII.'

Carradine whistled, long and low.

'You actually mean to say that Lady Stanley was Henry's mother.'

'She was. By her first husband Edmund Tudor.'

'But--but Lady Stanley had a place of honour at Richard's coronation. She
carried the Queen's train. I noticed that because I thought it quaint.
Carrying the train, I mean. In our country we don't carry trains. It's an
honour, I take it.'

'It's a thundering great honour. Poor Richard. Poor Richard. It didn't

'What didn't?'

'Magnanimity.' He lay thinking about it while Carradine shuffled through
his notes. 'So Parliament accepted the evidence of Stillington.'

'They did more. They incorporated it into an Act, giving Richard the
title to the crown. It was called Titulus Regius.'

'For a holy man of God, Stillington wasn't cutting a very glorious
figure. But I suppose that to have talked sooner would have been to
compass his own ruin.'

'You're a bit hard on him, aren't you? There wasn't any need to talk
sooner. No harm was being done anyone.'

'What about Lady Eleanor Butler?'

'She had died in a convent. She's buried in the Church of the White
Carmelites at Norwich, in case you're interested. As long as Edward was
alive no wrong was being done anyone. But when it came to the question of
succession, then he _had_ to talk, whatever kind of figure he cut.'

'Yes. Of course you're right. So the children were proclaimed
illegitimate, in open Parliament. And Richard was crowned. With all the
nobility of England in attendance. Was the Queen still in sanctuary?'

'Yes. But she had let the younger boy join his brother.'

'When was that?'

Carradine searched through his notes. 'On June the 16th. I've put: "At
the request of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Both boys living at the

'That was after the news had broken. The news that they were

'Yes.' He tidied his notes into some kind of neatness and put them away
in the enormous pocket. 'That seems to be all, to date. But here's the
pay-off.' He gathered his train from either side of him on to his knees
with a gesture that both Marta and King Richard might have envied. 'You
know that Act, that Titulus Regius.'

'Yes; what about it?'

'Well, when Henry VII came to the throne he ordered that the Act should
be repealed, without being read. He ordered that the Act itself should be
destroyed, and forbade any copies to be kept. Anyone who kept a copy was
to be fined and imprisoned during his pleasure.'

Grant stared in great astonishment.

'_Henry VII!_' he said. 'Why? What possible difference could it make to

'I haven't a glimmer of an idea. But I mean to find out before I'm much
older. Meanwhile, here is something to keep you amused till the Statue of
Liberty brings your British tea.'

He dropped a paper on to Grant's chest.

'What is this?' Grant said, looking at the torn-out page of a note-book.

'It's that letter of Richard's about Jane Shore. I'll be seeing you.'

Left alone by himself in the quiet, Grant turned over the page and read.

The contrast between the sprawling childish hand-writing and the formal
phrases of Richard's imagining was piquant in the extreme. But what
neither the untidy modern script nor the dignified phrases could destroy
was the flavour of the letter. The bouquet of good humour that came up
from the page as a bouquet comes up from a good-humoured wine. Translated
into modern terms it said:

I hear to my great astonishment that Tom Lynom wants to marry Will
Shore's wife. Apparently he is infatuated with her, and is quite
determined about it. Do, my dear Bishop, send for him and see if you can
talk some sense into his silly head. If you can't, and if there is no bar
to their marriage from the Church's point of view, then I agree to it,
but tell him to postpone the marriage till I am back in London. Meanwhile
this will suffice to secure her release, on surety for her good
behaviour, and I suggest that you hand her over for the time being to the
care of her father, or anyone else who seems good to you.

It was certainly, as young Carradine had said, 'more in sorrow than in
anger'. Indeed, considering that it was written about a woman who had
done him a deadly wrong, its kindness and good temper was remarkable. And
this was a case where no personal advantage could come to him from
magnanimity. The broadmindedness that had sought for a York-Lancaster
peace might not have been disinterested; it would have been enormously to
his advantage to have a united country to rule. But this letter to the
Bishop of Lincoln was a small private matter, and the release of Jane
Shore of no importance to anyone but the infatuated Tom Lynom. Richard
had nothing to gain by his generosity. His instinct to see a friend happy
was apparently greater than his instinct for revenge.

Indeed, his instinct for revenge seemed to be lacking to a degree that
would be surprising in any red-blooded male, and quite astonishing in the
case of that reputed monster Richard III.


The letter lasted Grant very nicely until The Amazon brought his tea. He
listened to the twentieth century sparrows on his window-sill and
marvelled that he should be reading phrases that formed in a man's mind
more than four hundred years ago. What a fantastic idea it would have
seemed to Richard that anyone would be reading that short, intimate
letter about Shore's wife, and wondering about him, four hundred years

'There's a letter for you, now isn't that nice,' The Amazon said, coming
in with his two pieces of bread-and-butter and a rock bun.

Grant took his eyes from the uncompromising healthiness of the rock bun
and saw that the letter was from Laura.

He opened it with pleasure.

Dear Alan (said Laura)

Nothing (repeat: nothing) would surprise me about history. Scotland has
large monuments to two women martyrs drowned for their faith, in spite of
the fact that they weren't drowned at all and neither was a martyr
anyway. They were convicted of treason--fifth column work for the
projected invasion from Holland, I think. Anyhow on a purely civil
charge. They were reprieved _on their own petition_ by the Privy Council,
and the reprieve is in the Privy Council Register to this day.

This, of course, hasn't daunted the Scottish collectors of martyrs, and
the tale of their sad end, complete with heart-rending dialogue, is to be
found in every Scottish bookcase. Entirely different dialogue in each
collection. And the gravestone of one of the women, in Wigtown
churchyard, reads:

Murdered for owning Christ supreme
Head of his Church, and no more crime
But her not owning Prelacy
And not abjuring Presbytry
Within the sea tied to a stake
She suffered for Christ Jesus sake.

They are even a subject for fine Presbyterian sermons, I
understand--though on that point I speak from hearsay. And tourists come
and shake their heads over the monuments with their moving inscriptions,
and a very profitable time is had by all.

All this in spite of the fact that the original collector of the
material, canvassing the Wigtown district only forty years after the
supposed martyrdom and at the height of the Presbyterian triumph,
complains that 'many deny that this happened'; and couldn't find any
eyewitnesses at all.

It is very good news that you are convalescent, and a great relief to us
all. If you manage it well your sick leave can coincide with the spring
run. The water is very low at the moment, but by the time you are better
it should be deep enough to please both the fish and you.

Love from us all,


P.S. It's an odd thing but when you tell someone the true facts of a
mythical tale they are indignant not with the teller but with you. They
don't _want_ to have their ideas upset. It rouses some vague uneasiness
in them, I think, and they resent it. So they reject it and refuse to
think about it. If they were merely indifferent it would be natural and
understandable. But it is much stronger than that, much more positive.
They are annoyed.

Very odd, isn't it.

_More_ Tonypandy, he thought.

He began to wonder just how much of the schoolbook which up to now had
represented British history for him was Tonypandy.

He went back, now that he knew a few facts, to read the sainted More
again. To see how the relevant passages sounded now.

If, when he had read them merely by the light of his own critical mind,
they had seemed to him curiously tattling, and in places absurd, they now
read plain abominable. He was what Laura's small Pat was in the habit of
calling 'scunnered'. And he was also puzzled.

This was Morton's account. Morton the eyewitness, the participant. Morton
must have known with minute accuracy what took place between the
beginning and end of June that year. And yet there was no mention of Lady
Eleanor Butler; no mention of Titulus Regius. According to Morton,
Richard's case had been that Edward was previously married to his
mistress Elizabeth Lucy. But Elizabeth Lucy, Morton pointed out, had
denied that she was ever married to the King.

Why did Morton set up a ninepin just to knock it down again?

Why the substitution of Elizabeth Lucy for Eleanor Butler?

Because he could deny with truth that Lucy was ever married to the King,
but could not do the same in the case of Eleanor Butler?

Surely the presumption was that it was very important to someone or other
that Richard's claim that the children were illegitimate should be shown
to be untenable.

And since Morton--in the handwriting of the sainted More--was writing for
Henry VII, then that someone was presumably Henry VII. The Henry VII who
had destroyed Titulus Regius and forbidden anyone to keep a copy.

Something Carradine had said came back into Grant's mind.

Henry had caused the Act to be repealed _without being read_.

It was so important to Henry that the contents of the Act should not be
brought to mind that he had specially provided for its unquoted

Why should it be of such importance to Henry VII?

How could it matter to _Henry_ what Richard's rights were? It was not as
if he could say: Richard's claim was a trumped-up one, therefore mine is
good. Whatever wretched small claim Henry Tudor might have was a
Lancastrian one, and the heirs of York did not enter into the matter.

Then why should it have been of such paramount importance to Henry that
the contents of Titulus Regius should be forgotten?

Why hide away Eleanor Butler, and bring in in her place a mistress whom
no one ever suggested was married to the King?

This problem lasted Grant very happily till just before supper; when the
porter came in with a note for him. 'The front hall says that young
American friend of yours left this for you,' the porter said, handing him
a folded sheet of paper.

'Thank you,' said Grant. What do you know about Richard the Third?'

'Is there a prize?'

'What for?'

'The quiz.'

'No, just the satisfaction of intellectual curiosity. What do you know
about Richard III?'

'He was the first multiple murderer.'

'Multiple? I thought it was two nephews?'

'No, oh, no. I don't know much history but I do know that. Murdered his
brother, and his cousin, and the poor old King in the Tower, and then
finished off with his little nephews. A wholesale performer.'

Grant considered this.

'If I told you that he never murdered anyone at all, what would you say?'

'I'd say that you're perfectly entitled to your opinion. Some people
believe the earth is flat. Some people believe the world is going to end
in A.D. 2000. Some people believe that it began less than five thousand
years ago. You'll hear far funnier things than that at Marble Arch of a

'So you wouldn't even entertain the idea for a monument?'

'I find it entertaining all right, but not what you might call very
plausible, shall we say. But don't let me stand in your way. Try it out
on a better bombing range. You take it to Marble Arch one Sunday, and
I'll bet you'll find followers aplenty. Maybe start a movement.'

He made a gay sketchy half-salute with his hand and went away humming to
himself; secure and impervious.

So help me, Grant thought, I'm not far off it. If I get any deeper into
this thing I _will_ be standing on a soapbox at Marble Arch.

He unfolded the message from Carradine, and read: 'You said that you
wanted to know whether the other heirs to the throne survived Richard. As
well as the boys, I mean. I forgot to say: would you make out a list of
them for me, so that I can look them up. I think it's going to be

Well, if the world in general went on its humming way, brisk and
uncaring, at least he had young America on his side.

He put aside the sainted More, with its Sunday-paper accounts of
hysterical scenes and wild accusations, and reached for the sober
student's account of history so that he might catalogue the possible
rivals to Richard III in the English succession.

And as he put down More-Morton, he was reminded of something.

That hysterical scene during the Council in the Tower which was reported
by More, that frantic outburst on Richard's part against the sorcery that
had withered his arm, had been against Jane Shore.

The contrast between the reported scene, pointless and repellent even to
a disinterested reader, and the kind, tolerant, almost casual air of the
letter that Richard had actually written about her, was staggering.

So help me, he thought again, if I had to choose between the man who
wrote that account and the man who wrote that letter I'd take the man who
wrote the letter, whatever either of them had done besides.

The thought of Morton made him postpone his listing of the York heirs
until he had found out what eventually became of John Morton. It seemed
that, having used his leisure as Buckingham's guest to organise a joint
Woodville-Lancastrian effort (in which Henry Tudor would bring ships and
troops from France and Dorset and the rest of the Woodville tribe would
meet him with what English malcontents they could induce to follow them)
he escaped to his old hunting ground in the Ely district, and from there
to the continent. And did not come back until he came in the wake of a
Henry who had won both Bosworth and a crown; being himself on the way to
Canterbury and a cardinal's hat and immortality as Morton of 'Morton's
Fork'. Almost the only thing that any schoolboy remembered about his
master Henry VII.

For the rest of the evening Grant pottered happily through the history
books, collecting heirs.

There was no lack of them. Edward's five, George's boy and girl. And if
these were discounted, the first through illegitimacy and the second
through attainder, there was another possible: his elder sister
Elizabeth's boy. Elizabeth was Duchess of Suffolk, and her son was John
de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln.

There was, too, in the family, a boy whose existence Grant had not
suspected. It appeared that the delicate child at Middleham was not
Richard's only son. He had a love-child; a boy called John. John of
Gloucester. A boy of no importance in rank, but acknowledged and living
in the household. It was an age when a bend sinister was accepted without
grief. Indeed the Conqueror had made it fashionable. And conquerors from
then on had advertised its lack of disadvantage. By way of compensation,

Grant made himself a little aide mémoire.

Edward, Prince of Wales Richard, Duke of York Elizabeth

John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln

Edward, Earl of Warwick
Margaret, Countess of Salisbury

John of Gloucester

He copied it out again for young Carradine's use, wondering how it could
ever have occurred to anyone, Richard most of all, that the elimination
of Edward's two boys would have kept him safe from rebellion. The place
was what young Carradine would call just lousy with heirs. Swarming with
focuses (or was it foci?) for disaffection.

It was brought home to him for the first time not only what a useless
thing the murder of the boys would have been, but what a _silly_ thing.

And if there was anything that Richard of Gloucester was not, beyond a
shadow of a doubt, it was silly.

He looked up Oliphant to see what Oliphant had to say on this obvious
crack in the story.

'It is strange,' said Oliphant, 'that Richard does not seem to have
published any version of their deaths.'

It was more than strange: it was incomprehensible.

If Richard had wanted to murder his brother's sons then he most certainly
would have done it expertly. They would have died of a fever, and their
bodies would have been exposed to the public gaze as royal bodies
habitually were, so that all men would know that they were in fact
departed from this life.

No one can say that a man is incapable of murder--after long years on the
Embankment Grant knew that only too well--but one can be sure to within
one degree of the absolute when a man is incapable of silliness.

Oliphant had no doubts about the murder, nevertheless. Richard according
to Oliphant was Richard the Monster. Perhaps when an historian was
covering a field as large as the Middle Ages and the Renaissance he had
no time to stop and analyse detail. Oliphant accepted the sainted More,
even while he paused in flight to wonder at an oddity here and there. Not
seeing that the oddities ate away at the very foundations of his theory.

Having Oliphant in his hand, he went on with Oliphant. On through the
triumphal progress through England after the coronation. Oxford,
Gloucester, Worcester, Warwick. No dissentient voice was recorded on that
tour. Only a chorus of blessing and thanksgiving. A rejoicing that good
government was to be the order of the day for a lifetime to come. That
after all, Edward's sudden death had not condemned them to years of
faction and a new civil struggle over the person of his son.

And yet it was during this triumph, this unanimous acclamation, this
universal hosanna, that (according to Oliphant, riding in the pocket of
the sainted More) Richard sent Tyrrel back to London to make away with
the boys who were doing lessons in the Tower. Between July 7th and 15th.
At Warwick. In the very summer of his safety, in the heart of the York
country on the borders of Wales, he planned the destruction of two
discredited children.

It was a highly unlikely story.

He began to wonder whether historians were possessed of minds any more
commonsensical than those Great Minds he had encountered, who had been so

He must find out without delay why, if Tyrrel did that job in July 1485,
he wasn't brought to book until twenty years afterwards. Where had he
been in the meantime?

But Richard's summer was like an April day. Full of a promise that came
to nothing. In the autumn he had to face that Woodville-Lancastrian
invasion which Morton had cooked up before leaving these shores himself.
The Lancastrian part of the affair did Morton proud: they came with a
fleet of French ships and a French army. But the Woodville side could
provide nothing better than sporadic little gatherings in widely
separated centres: Guildford, Salisbury, Maidstone, Newbury, Exeter, and
Brecon. The English wanted no part of Henry Tudor, whom they did not
know, nor any part of the Woodvilles, whom they knew only too well. Even
the English weather would have none of them. And Dorset's hopes of seeing
his half-sister Elizabeth queen of England as Henry Tudor's wife were
washed away in Severn floods. Henry tried to land in the West, but found
Devon and Cornwall up in indignant arms at the idea. He therefore sailed
away to France again, to wait for a luckier day. And Dorset went to join
the growing crowd of Woodville exiles hanging round the French court.

So Morton's plan was washed away in autumn rain and English indifference,
and Richard could be at peace for a little; but with the spring came a
grief that nothing could wash away. The death of his son.

'The King is said to have shown signs of desperate grief; he was not such
an unnatural monster as to be destitute of the feelings of a father,'
said the historian.

Nor of a husband, it seemed. The same marks of suffering were reported of
him less than a year later, when Anne died.

And after that there was nothing but the waiting for the renewal of the
invasion that had failed; the keeping of England in a state of defence,
and the anxiety that that drain on the Exchequer brought him.

He had done what good he could. He had given his name to a model
Parliament. He had made peace at last with Scotland and arranged a
marriage between his niece and James III's son. He had tried very hard
for a peace with France, but had failed. At the French court was Henry
Tudor, and Henry Tudor was France's white-headed boy. It would be only a
matter of time before Henry landed in England, this time with better

Grant suddenly remembered Lady Stanley, that ardent Lancastrian mother of
Henry. What part had Lady Stanley had in that autumn invasion that had
put paid to Richard's summer?

He hunted through the solid print until he found it.

Lady Stanley had been found guilty of treasonable correspondence with her

But again Richard had proved too lenient for his own good, it seemed. Her
estates were forfeit, but they were handed over to her husband. And so
was Lady Stanley. For safe keeping. The bitter joke being that Stanley
had almost certainly been as knowledgeable about the invasion as his

Truly, the monster was not running according to form.

As Grant was falling asleep a voice said in his mind: 'If the boys were
murdered in July, and the Woodville-Lancastrian invasion took place in
October, why didn't they use the murder of the children as a rallying

The invasion had, of course, been planned before there was any question
of murder; it was a full-dress affair of fifteen ships and five thousand
mercenaries and must have taken a long time to prepare. But by the time
of the rising the rumours of Richard's infamy must have been widespread
if there were any rumours at all. Why had they not gone shouting his
crime through England, so that the horror of it brought men flocking to
their cause?


'Cool off, cool off,' he said to himself when he woke next morning,
'you're beginning to be partisan. That's no way to conduct an

So, by way of moral discipline, he became prosecutor.

Supposing that the Butler story was a frame-up. A story concocted with
Stillington's help. Supposing that both Lords and Commons were willing to
be hoodwinked in the hope of stable Government to come.

Did that bring one any nearer the murder of the two boys?

It didn't, did it?

If the story was false, the person to be got rid of was Stillington. Lady
Eleanor had died in her convent long ago, so was not there to blow
Titulus Regius to pieces any time she had a mind. But Stillington could.
And Stillington evidently showed no difficulty in going on living. He
survived the man he had put on the throne.

The sudden jar in the proceedings, the abrupt break in the pattern of the
coronation preparation, was either wonderful stage-managing or just what
one would expect if the thunderclap of Stillington's confession descended
on prepared ears. Richard was--what? Eleven? Twelve?--when the Butler
contract was signed and witnessed; it was unlikely that he knew anything
of it.

If the Butler story was an invention to oblige Richard, then Richard must
have rewarded Stillington. But there was no sign of Stillington's being
obliged with a cardinal's hat, or preferment, or office.

But the surest evidence that the Butler story was true lay in Henry VII's
urgent need to destroy it. If it were false, then all he had to do to
discredit Richard was to bring it into the open and make Stillington eat
his words. Instead he hushed it up.

At this point Grant realised with disgust that he was back on the Defence
side again. He decided to give it up. He would take to Lavinia Fitch, or
Rupert Rouge, or some other of the fashionable authors lying in such
expensive neglect on his table, and forget Richard Plantagenet until such
time as young Carradine appeared to renew the inquisition.

He put the family-tree sketch of Cicely Nevill's grandchildren into an
envelope and addressed it to Carradine, and gave it to The Midget to
post. Then he turned-down the portrait that was leaning against the
books, so that he should not be seduced by that face which Sergeant
Williams had placed, without hesitation, on the bench, and reached for
Silas Weekley's _The Sweat and the Furrow_. Thereafter he went from
Silas's seamy wrestlings to Lavinia's tea-cups, and from Lavinia's
tea-cups to Rupert's cavortings in the _coulisses_, with a growing
dissatisfaction, until Brent Carradine once more turned up in his life.

Carradine regarded him anxiously and said: 'You don't look so bright as
last time I saw you, Mr Grant. You not doing so well?'

'Not where Richard is concerned, I'm not,' Grant said. 'But I've got a
new piece of Tonypandy for you.'

And he handed him Laura's letter about the drowned women who were never

Carradine read it with a delight that grew on him like slow sunlight
coming out, until eventually he glowed.

'My, but that's wonderful. That's very superior, first growth,
dyed-in-the-wool Tonypandy, isn't it. Lovely, lovely. You didn't know
about this before? And you a Scotsman?'

'I'm only a Scot once removed,' Grant pointed out. 'No; I knew that none
of these Covenanters died "for their Faith", of course; but I didn't know
that one of them--or rather, two of them--hadn't died at all.'

'They didn't die for their Faith?' Carradine repeated, bewildered. 'D'you
mean that the _whole thing's_ Tonypandy?'

Grant laughed. 'I suppose it is,' he said, surprised. 'I never thought
about it before. I've known so long that the "martyrs" were no more
martyrs than that thug who is going to his death for killing that old
shop-keeper in Essex, that I've ceased to think about it. No one in
Scotland went to his death for anything but civil crime.'

'But I thought they were very holy people--the Covenanters, I mean.'

'You've been looking at nineteenth-century pictures of coventicles. The
reverent little gathering in the heather listening to the preacher; young
rapt faces, and white hair blowing in the winds of God. The Covenanters
were the exact equivalent of the I.R.A. in Ireland. A small
irreconcilable minority, and as bloodthirsty a crowd as ever disgraced a
Christian nation. If you went to church on Sunday instead of to a
conventicle, you were liable to wake on Monday and find your barn burned
or your horses hamstrung. If you were more open in your disapproval you
were shot. The men who shot Archbishop Sharp in his daughter's presence,
in broad daylight on a road in Fife, were the heroes of the movement.
"Men of courage and zeal for the cause of God", according to their
admiring followers. They lived safe and swaggering among their
Covenanting fans in the West for years. It was a "preacher of the gospel"
who shot Bishop Honeyman in an Edinburgh street. And they shot the old
parish priest of Carsphairn on his own doorstep.'

'It does sound like Ireland, doesn't it,' Carradine said.

'They were actually worse than the I.R.A. because there was a fifth
column element in it. They were financed from Holland, and their arms
came from Holland. There was nothing forlorn about their movement, you
know. They expected to take over the Government any day, and rule
Scotland. All their preaching was pure sedition. The most violent
incitement to crime you could imagine. No modern Government could afford
to be so patient with such a menace as the Government of the time were.
The Covenanters were continually being offered amnesties.'

'Well, well. And I thought they were fighting for freedom to worship God
their own way.'

'No one ever stopped them from worshipping God any way they pleased. What
they were out to do was to impose their method of church government not
only on Scotland but on England, believe it or not. You should read the
Covenant some day. Freedom of worship was not to be allowed to anyone
according to the Covenanting creed--except the Covenanters, of course.'

'And all those gravestones and monuments that tourists go to see--'

'All Tonypandy. If you ever read on a gravestone that John Whosit
"suffered death for his adherence to the Word of God and Scotland's
Covenanted work of Reformation", with a touching little verse underneath
about "dust sacrificed to tyranny", you can be sure that the said John
Whosit was found guilty before a properly constituted court, of a civil
crime punishable by death and that his death had nothing whatever to do
with the Word of God.' He laughed a little under his breath. 'It's the
final irony, you know, that a group whose name was anathema to the rest
of Scotland in their own time should have been elevated into the position
of saints and martyrs.'

'I wouldn't wonder if it wasn't onomatopoeic,' Carradine said


'Like the Cat and the Rat, you know.'

'What are you talking about?'

''Member you said, about that Cat and Rat lampoon, that rhyme, that the
sound of it made it an offence?'

'Yes; made it venomous.'

'Well, the word dragoon does the same thing. I take it that the dragoons
were just the policemen of the time.'

'Yes. Mounted infantry.'

'Well, to me--and I suspect to every other person reading about
it--dragoons sound dreadful. They've come to mean something that they
never were.'

'Yes, I see. Force majeure in being. Actually the Government had only a
tiny handful of men to police an enormous area, so the odds were all on
the Covenanters' side. In more ways than one. A dragoon (read policeman)
couldn't arrest anyone without a warrant (he couldn't stable his horse
without the owner's permission, if it comes to that), but there was
nothing to hinder a Covenanter lying snug in the heather and picking off
dragoons at his leisure. Which they did, of course. And now there's a
whole literature about the poor ill-used saint in the heather with his
pistol; and the dragoon who died in the course of his duty is a Monster.'

'Like Richard.'

'Like Richard. How have you been getting on with our own particular

'Well, I still haven't managed to find out why Henry was so anxious to
hush up that Act as well as repeal it. The thing was hushed-up and for
years it was forgotten, until the original draft turned up, just by
chance, in the Tower records. It was printed in 1611. Speed printed the
full text of it in his _History of Great Britain_.'

'Oh. So there's no question at all about Titulus Regius. Richard
succeeded as the Act says, and the sainted More's account is nonsense.
There never was an Elizabeth Lucy in the matter.'

'Lucy? Who's Elizabeth Lucy?'

'Oh, I forgot. You weren't on in that act. According to the sainted More,
Richard claimed that Edward was married to one of his mistresses, one
Elizabeth Lucy.'

The disgusted look that the mention of the sainted More always caused on
young Carradine's mild face made him look almost nauseated.

'That's nonsense.'

'So the sainted More smugly pointed out.'

'Why did they want to hide Eleanor Butler?' Carradine said, seeing the

'Because she really had married Edward, and the children really were
illegitimate. And if the children really were illegitimate, by the way,
then no one would rise in their favour and they were no danger to
Richard. Have you noticed that the Woodville-Lancastrian invasion was in
Henry's favour, and not in the boys'--although Dorset was their
half-brother? And that was before any rumours of their non-existence
could have reached him. As far as the leaders of the Dorset-Morton
rebellion were concerned the boys were of no account. They were backing
Henry. That way, Dorset would have a brother-in-law on the throne of
England, and the Queen would be his half-sister. Which would be a nice
reversal of form for a penniless fugitive.'

'Yes. Yes, that's a point, all right; that about Dorset not fighting to
restore his half-brother. If there had been a chance at all that England
would have accepted the boy, he surely would have backed the boy. I'll
tell you another interesting thing I found. The Queen and her daughters
came out of sanctuary quite soon. It's your talking about her son Dorset
that reminded me. She not only came out of sanctuary but settled down as
if nothing had happened. Her daughters went to festivities at the Palace.
And do you know what the pay-off is?'


'That was _after the Princes had been "murdered"_. Yes, and I'll tell you
something else. With her two boys done to death by their wicked uncle,
she writes to her other son, in France--Dorset--and asks him to come home
and make his peace with Richard, who will treat him well.'

There was silence.

There were no sparrows to talk today. Only the soft sound of the rain
against the window.

'No comment?' Carradine said at last.

'You know,' Grant said, 'from the police point of view there is no case
against Richard at all. And I mean that literally. It isn't that the case
isn't good enough. Good enough to bring into court, I mean. There, quite
literally, isn't any case against him at all.'

'I'll say there isn't. Especially when I tell you that every single one
of those people whose names you sent me were alive and prosperous, and
free, when Richard was killed at Bosworth. They were not only free, they
were very well cared for. Edward's children not only danced at the
Palace, they had pensions. He appointed one of the crowd his heir when
his own boy died.'

'Which one?'

'George's boy.'

'So he meant to reverse the attainder on his brother's children.'

'Yes. He had protested about his being condemned, if you remember.'

'According to even the sainted More, he did. So all the heirs to the
throne of England were going about their business, free and unfettered,
during the reign of Richard III, the Monster.'

'They were more. They were part of the general scheme of things. I mean,
part of the family and the general economy of the realm. I've been
reading a collection of York records by a man Davies. Records of the town
of York, I mean; not the family. Both young Warwick--George's son--and
his cousin, young Lincoln, were members of the Council. The town
addressed a letter to them. In 1485, that was. What's more, Richard
knighted young Warwick at the same time as he knighted his own son, at a
splendid "do" at York.' He paused a long moment, and then blurted out:
'Mr Grant, do you want to write a book about this?'

'A book!' Grant said, astonished. 'God forbid. Why?'

'Because I should like to write one. It would make a much better book
than the Peasants.'

'Write away.'

'You see, I'd like to have something to show my father. Pop thinks I'm no
good because I can't take an interest in furniture, and marketing, and
graphs of sales. If he could actually handle a book that I had written he
might believe that I wasn't so hopeless a bet after all. In fact, I
wouldn't put it past him to begin to boast about me for a change.'

Grant looked at him with benevolence.

'I forgot to ask you what you thought of Crosby Place,' he said.

'Oh, fine, fine. If Carradine the Third ever sees it he'll want to take
it back with him and rebuild it in the Adirondacks somewhere.'

'If you write that book about Richard, he most certainly will. He'll feel
like a part-owner. What are you going to call it?'

'The book?'


'I'm going to borrow a phrase from Henry Ford, and call it _History is
the Bunk_.'


'However, I'll have a lot more reading to do and a lot more research,
before I can start writing.'

'Most assuredly you have. You haven't arrived yet at the real question.'

'What is that?'

'Who _did_ murder the boys.'

'Yes, of course.'

'If the boys were alive when Henry took over the Tower what happened to

'Yes. I'll get on to that. I still want to know why it was so important
to Henry to hush up the contents of Titulus Regius.'

He got up to go, and then noticed the portrait that was lying on its face
on the table. He reached over and restored the photograph to its original
place, propping it with a concerned care against the pile of books.

'You stay there,' he said to the painted Richard. 'I'm going to put you
back where you belong.'

As he went out of the door, Grant said:

'I've just thought of a piece of history which is _not_ Tonypandy.'

'Yes?' said Carradine, lingering.

'The massacre of Glencoe.'

'That really did happen?'

'That really did happen. And--Brent!' Brent put his head back inside the
door. 'Yes?'

'The man who gave the order for it was an ardent Covenanter.'


Carradine had not been gone more than twenty minutes when Marta appeared,
laden with flowers, books, candy, and goodwill. She found Grant deep in
the fifteenth century as reported by Sir Cuthbert Oliphant. He greeted
her with an absentmindedness to which she was not accustomed.

'If your two sons had been murdered by your brother-in-law, would you
take a handsome pension from him?'

'I take it that the question is rhetorical,' Marta said, putting down her
sheaf of flowers and looking round to see which of the already occupied
vases would best suit their type.

'Honestly, I think historians are all mad. Listen to this:

"The conduct of the Queen-Dowager is hard to explain; whether she feared
to be taken from sanctuary by force, or whether she was merely tired of
her forlorn existence at Westminster, and had resolved to be reconciled
to the murderer of her sons out of mere callous apathy, seems uncertain."

'Merciful Heaven!' said Marta, pausing with a delft jar in one hand and a
glass cylinder in the other, and looking at him in wild surmise.

'Do you think historians really listen to what they are saying?'

'Who was the said Queen-Dowager?'

'Elizabeth Woodville. Edward IV's wife.'

'Oh, yes. I played her once. It was a "bit". In a play about Warwick the

'Of course I'm only a policeman,' Grant said.

'Perhaps I never moved in the right circles. It may be that I've met only
nice people. Where would one have to go to meet a woman who became matey
with the murderer of her two boys?'

'Greece, I should think,' Marta said. 'Ancient Greece.'

'I can't remember a sample even there.'

'Or a lunatic asylum, perhaps. Was there any sign of idiocy about
Elizabeth Woodville?'

'Not that anyone ever noticed. And she was Queen for twenty years or so.'

'Of course the thing is farce, I hope you see,' Marta said, going on with
her flower arranging. 'Not a tragedy at all. "Yes, I know he did kill
Edward and little Richard, but he really is a rather charming creature
and it is so bad for my rheumatism living in rooms with a north light".'

Grant laughed, and his good temper came back.

'Yes, of course. It's the height of absurdity. It belongs to Ruthless
Rhymes, not to sober history. That is why historians surprise me. They
seem to have no talent for the likeliness of any situation. They see
history like a peepshow; with two-dimensional figures against a distant

'Perhaps when you are grubbing about with tattered records you haven't
time to learn about people. I don't mean about the people in the records,
but just about People. Flesh and blood. And how they react to

'How would you play her?' Grant asked, remembering that the understanding
of motive was Marta's trade.

'Play who?'

'The woman who came out of sanctuary and made friends with her children's
murderer for seven hundred merks per annum and the right to go to parties
at the Palace.'

'I couldn't. There is no such woman outside Euripides or a delinquent's
home. One could only play her as a rag. She'd make a very good burlesque,
now I think of it. A take-off of poetic tragedy. The blank verse kind. I
must try it sometime. For a charity matinée, or something. I hope you
don't hate mimosa. It's odd, considering how long I've known you, how
little I know of your likes and dislikes. Who invented the woman who
became buddies with her sons' murderer?'

'No one invented her. Elizabeth Woodville did come out of sanctuary, and
did accept a pension from Richard. The pension was not only granted, it
was paid. Her daughters went to parties at the Palace and she wrote to
her other son--her first-marriage son--to come home from France and make
his peace with Richard. Oliphant's only suggestion as to the reason for
this is that she was either frightened of being dragged out of sanctuary
(did you ever know of anyone who was dragged out of sanctuary? The man
who did that would be excommunicated--and Richard was a very good son of
Holy Church) or that she was bored with sanctuary life.'

'And what is your theory about so odd a proceeding?'

'The obvious explanation is that the boys were alive and well. No one at
that time ever suggested otherwise.'

Marta considered the sprays of mimosa. 'Yes, of course. You said that
there was no accusation in that Bill of Attainder. After Richard's death,
I mean.' Her eyes went from the mimosa to the portrait on the table and
then to Grant. 'You think, then, you really soberly think, as a
policeman, that Richard didn't have anything to do with the boys'

'I'm quite sure that they were alive and well when Henry took over the
Tower on his arrival in London. There is _nothing_ that would explain his
omission to make a scandal of it if the boys were missing. Can you think
of anything?'

'No. No, of course not. It is quite inexplicable. I have always taken it
for granted that there was a terrific scandal about it. That it would be
one of the main accusations against Richard. You and my woolly lamb seem
to be having a lovely time with history. When I suggested a little
investigation to pass the time and stop the prickles I had no idea that I
was contributing to the rewriting of history. Which reminds me, Atlanta
Shergold is gunning for you.'

'For me? I've never even met her.'

'Nevertheless she is looking for you with a gun. She says that Brent's
attitude to the B.M. has become the attitude of an addict to his drug.
She can't drag him away from it. If she takes him away from it
physically, he spends the time harking back to it in his mind; so that
she mightn't exist as far as he is concerned. He has even stopped sitting
through _To Sea in a Bowl_. Do you see much of him?'

'He was here a few minutes before you came. But I don't expect to hear
from him again for some days to come.'

But in that he was wrong.

Just before supper-time the porter appeared with a telegram.

Grant put his thumb under the dainty Post Office lick on the flap and
extracted two sheets of telegram. The telegram was from Brent.

Hell and damnation an awful thing has happened (stop) you know that
chronicle in Latin I talked about (stop) the chronicle written by the
monk at Croyland Abbey (stop) well I've just seen it and the rumour is
there the rumour about the boys being dead (stop) the thing is written
before Richard's death so we are sunk aren't we and I specially am sunk
and that fine book of mine will never be written (stop) is anyone allowed
to commit suicide in your river or is it reserved for the British.


Into the silence the voice of the porter said: 'It's reply-paid, sir. Do
you want to send an answer?'

'What? Oh. No. Not right away. I'll send it down presently.'

'Very good, sir,' said the porter looking respectfully at the two sheets
of telegram--in the porter's family a telegram was confined to one sheet
only--and went away, not humming this time.

Grant considered the news conveyed with such transatlantic extravagance
in the matter of telegraphic communication. He read the thing again.

'Croyland,' he said, considering. Why did that ring a bell? No one had
mentioned Croyland so far in this case. Carradine had talked merely of a
monkish chronicle somewhere.

He had been too often, in his professional life, faced with a fact that
apparently destroyed his whole case to be dismayed now. He reacted as he
would have reacted in a professional investigation. He took out the
upsetting small fact and looked at it. Calmly. Dispassionately. With none
of poor Carradine's wild dismay.

'Croyland,' he said again. Croyland was somewhere in Cambridgeshire. Or
was it Norfolk? Somewhere on the borders there, in the flat country.

The Midget came in with his supper, and propped the flat bowl-like plate
where he could eat from it with a modicum of comfort, but he was not
aware of her.

'Can you reach your pudding easily from there?' she asked. And as he did
not answer: 'Mr Grant, can you reach your pudding if I leave it on the
edge there?'

'_Ely!_' he shouted at her.


'Ely,' he said; softly, to the ceiling.

'Mr Grant, aren't you feeling well?'

He became conscious of The Midget's well-powdered and concerned little
face as it intruded between him and the familiar cracks.

'I'm fine, fine. Better than I've ever been in my life. Wait just a
moment, there's a good girl, and send a telegram down for me. Give me my
writing-pad. I can't reach it with that mess of rice pudding in the way.'

She gave him the pad and pencil, and on the reply-paid form he wrote:

Can you find me a similar rumour in France at about the same date?


After that he ate his supper with a good appetite, and settled down to a
good night's sleep. He was floating in that delicious half-way stage on
the way to unconsciousness when he became aware that someone was leaning
over to inspect him. He opened his eyes to see who it might be, and
looked straight into the anxious yearning brown irises of The Amazon,
looking larger and more cowlike than ever in the soft lamplight. She was
holding in her hand a yellow envelope.

'I didn't quite know what to do,' she said. 'I didn't want to disturb you
and yet I didn't know whether it mightn't be important. A telegram, you
know. You never can tell. And if you didn't have it tonight it would mean
a whole twelve hours' delay. Nurse Ingham has gone off duty, so there was
no one to ask till Nurse Briggs comes on at ten. I hope I haven't wakened
you up. But you weren't asleep, were you?'

Grant assured her that she had done the right thing and she let out a
sigh that nearly blew the portrait of Richard over. She stood by while he
read the telegram, with an air of being ready to support him in any evil
news that it might contain. To The Amazon all telegrams conveyed evil

The telegram was from Carradine.

It said: 'You mean you want repeat want that there should be another
repeat another accusation question mark--Brent.'

Grant took the reply-paid form and wrote: 'Yes. Preferably in France.'

Then he said to The Amazon: 'You can turn out the light, I think. I'm
going to sleep until seven tomorrow morning.'

He fell asleep wondering how long it would be before he saw Carradine
again, and what the odds were against that much desired instance of a
second rumour.

But it was not so long after all until Carradine turned up again, and he
turned up looking anything but suicidal. Indeed he seemed in some queer
way to have broadened out. His coat seemed less of an appendage and more
of a garment. He beamed at Grant.

'Mr Grant, you're a wonder. Do they have more like you at Scotland Yard?
Or do you rate special?'

Grant looked at him almost unbelieving. 'Don't tell me you've turned up a
French instance!'

'Didn't you want me to?'

'Yes. But I hardly dared hope for it. The odds against seemed tremendous.
What form did the rumour take in France? A chronicle? A letter?'

'No. Something much more surprising. Something much more dismaying,
actually. It seems that the Chancellor of France, in a speech to the
States-General at Tours, spoke of the rumour. Indeed he was quite
eloquent about it. In a way, his eloquence was the one scrap of comfort I
could find in the situation.'


'Well, it sounded more to my mind like a Senator being hasty about
someone who had brought in a measure his own people back home wouldn't
like. More like politics than State, if you know what I mean.'

'You should be at the Yard, Brent. What did the Chancellor say?'

'Well, it's in French and my French isn't very good so perhaps you'd
better read it for yourself.'

He handed over a sheet of his childish writing and Grant read:

Regardez, je vous prie, les événements qui après la mort du roi Edouard
sont arrivés dans ce pays. Contemplez ses enfants, déjà grands et braves,
massacrés impunément, et la couronne transportée a l'assassin par la
faveur des peuples.

"Ce pays",' said Grant. 'Then he was in full flood against England. He
even suggests that it was with the will of the English people that the
boys were "massacred". We are being held up as a barbarous race.'

'Yes. That's what I meant. It's a Congressman scoring a point. Actually,
the French Regency sent an embassy to Richard that same year--about six
months later--so they had probably found that the rumour wasn't true.
Richard signed a safe-conduct for their visit. He wouldn't have done that
if they had been still slanging him as a murdering untouchable.'

'No. Can You give me the dates of the two libels?'

'Sure. I have them here. The monk at Croyland wrote about events in the
late summer of 1483. He says that there was a rumour that the boys had
been put to death but no one knew how. The nasty slap in the meeting of
the States-General was in January 1484.'

'Perfect,' said Grant.

'_Why_ did you want there to have been another instance of rumour?'

'As a cross-check. Do you know where Croyland is?'

'Yes. In the Fen country.'

'In the Fen country. Near Ely. And it was in the Fen country that Morton
was hiding out after his escape from Buckingham's charge.'

'Morton! Yes, of course.'

'If Morton was the carrier, then there had to be another outbreak on the
Continent, when he moved on there. Morton escaped from England in the
autumn of 1483, and the rumour appears promptly in January 1484. Croyland
is a very isolated place, incidentally, it would be an ideal place for a
fugitive bishop to hide-out till he could arrange transport abroad.'

'Morton!' said Carradine again, rolling the name over on his tongue.
'Wherever there's hanky-panky in this business you stub your toe against

'So you've noticed that too.'

'He was the heart of that conspiracy to murder Richard before he could be
crowned, he was in back of the rebellion against Richard once he _was_
crowned, and his trail to the Continent is sticky as a snail's with--with

'Well, the snail part is mere deduction. It wouldn't stand up in court.
But there's no peradventure about his activities once he was across the
channel. He settled down to a whole-time job of subversion. He and a
buddy of his called Christopher Urswick worked like beavers in Henry's
interest; "sending preuie letters and cloked messengers" to England to
stir up hostility to Richard.'

'Yes? I don't know as much as you about what stands up in court and what
won't, but it seems to me that that snail's trail is a very allowable
deduction--if you'll allow me. I don't suppose Morton waited till he was
overseas before beginning his undermining.'

'No. No, of course he didn't. It was life and death to Morton that
Richard should go. Unless Richard went, John Morton's career was over. He
was finished. It wasn't even that there would be no preferment for him
now. There would be nothing. He would be stripped of his numerous livings
and be reduced to his plain priest's frock. He, John Morton. Who had been
within touching distance of an archbishopric. But if he could help Henry
Tudor to a throne then he might still become not only Archbishop of
Canterbury but a Cardinal besides. Oh, yes; it was desperately,
overwhelmingly important to Morton that Richard should not have the
governing of England.'

'Well,' said Brent, 'he was the right man for a job of subversion. I
don't suppose he knew what a scruple was. A little rumour like
infanticide must have been child's play to him.'

'There's always the odd chance that he believed it, of course,' Grant
said, his habit of weighing evidence overcoming even his dislike of

'Believed that the boys were murdered?'

'Yes. It may have been someone else's invention. After all, the country
must have been swarming with Lancastrian tales, part mere ill-will, part
propaganda. He may have been merely passing on the latest sample.'

'Huh! I wouldn't put it past him to be paving the way for their future
murder,' Brent said tartly.

Grant laughed. 'I wouldn't, at that,' he said. 'What else did you get
from your monk at Croyland?'

'A little comfort, too. I found after I had written that panic wire to
you that he wasn't at all to be taken as gospel. He just put down what
gossip came his way from the outer world. He says, for instance, that
Richard had a second coronation, at York; and that of course just isn't
true. If he can be wrong about a big, known, fact like a coronation, then
he's not to be trusted as a reporter. But he did know about Titulus
Regius, by the way. He recorded the whole tenor of it, including Lady

'That's interesting. Even a monk at Croyland had heard who Edward was
supposed to have been married to.'

'Yes. The sainted More must have dreamed up Elizabeth Lucy a good deal

'To say nothing of the unspeakable story that Richard based his claim on
his mother's shame.'


'He says that Richard caused a sermon to be preached claiming that Edward
and George were his mother's sons by some other father, and that he,
Richard, was the only legitimate son and therefore the only true heir.'

'The sainted More might have thought up a more convincing one,' young
Carradine said dryly.

'Yes. Especially when Richard was living in his mother's house at the
time of the libel!'

'So he was. I'd forgotten that. I don't have a proper police brain.
That's very neat, what you say about Morton being the carrier of the
rumour. But suppose the rumour turns up somewhere else, even yet.'

'It's possible, of course. But I'm willing to lay you fifties to any
amount that it won't. I don't for one moment believe that there was any
general rumour that the boys were missing.'

'Why not?'

'For a reason that I hold to be unanswerable. If there had been any
general uneasiness, any obviously subversive rumours or action, Richard
would have taken immediate steps to checkmate them. When the rumours went
round, later, that he was proposing to marry his niece Elizabeth--the
boys' eldest sister--he was on to it like a hawk. He not only sent
letters to the various towns denying the rumour in no uncertain terms, he
was so furious (and evidently thought of it such importance that he
should not be traduced) that he summoned the "heid yins" of London to
the biggest hall he could find (so that he could get them all in at one
time) and told them face to face what he thought about the affair.'

'Yes. Of course you're right. Richard would have made a public denial of
the rumour if the rumour was general. After all, it was a much more
horrifying one than the one that he was going to marry his niece.'

'Yes; actually you could get a dispensation to marry your niece in those
days. Perhaps you still can, for all I know. That's not my department at
the Yard. What is certain is that if Richard went to such lengths to
contradict the marriage rumour then he most certainly would have gone to
much greater lengths to put a stop to the murder one, if it had existed.
The conclusion is inevitable: there was no general rumour of
disappearance or foul play where the boys were concerned.'

'Just a thin little trickle between the Fens and France.'

'Just a thin little trickle between the Fens and France. Nothing in the
picture suggests any worry about the boys. I mean: in a police
investigation you look for any abnormalities in behaviour among the
suspects in a crime. Why did X, who always goes to the movies on a
Thursday night, decide on that night of all nights not to go? Why did Y
take a return half as usual and very unusually not use it? That sort of
thing. But in the short time between Richard's succession and his death
everyone behaves quite normally. The boys' mother comes out of sanctuary
and makes her peace with Richard. The girls resume their court life. The
boys are presumably still doing the lessons that their father's death had
interrupted. Their young cousins have a place on the Council and are of
sufficient importance for the town of York to be addressing letters to
them. It's all quite a normal, peaceful scene, with everyone going about
their ordinary business, and no suggestion anywhere that a spectacular
and unnecessary murder has just taken place in the family.'

'It looks as if I might write that book after all, Mr Grant.'

'Most certainly you will write it. You have not only Richard to rescue
from calumny; you have to clear Elizabeth Woodville of the imputation of
condoning her sons' murder for seven hundred merks a year and perks.'

'I can't write the book and leave it in the air like that, of course.
I'll _have_ to have at least a theory as to what became of the boys.'

'You will.'

Carradine's mild gaze came away from the small woolly clouds over the
Thames and considered Grant with a question in it.

'Why that tone?' he asked. 'Why are you looking like a cat with cream?'

'Well, I've been proceeding along police lines. During those empty days
while I was waiting for you to turn up again.'

'Police lines?'

'Yes. Who benefits, and all that. We've discovered that it wouldn't be a
pin's-worth of advantage to Richard that the boys should die. So we go on
looking round to see who, in that case, it _would_ benefit. And this is
where Titulus Regius comes in.'

'What has Titulus Regius got to do with the murder?'

'Henry VII married the boys' eldest sister. Elizabeth.'


'By way of reconciling the Yorkists to his occupation of the throne.'


'By repealing Titulus Regius, he made her legitimate.'


'But by making the children legitimate he automatically made the two boys
heir to the throne before her. In fact, by repealing Titulus Regius he
made the elder of the two King of England.'

Carradine made a little clicking sound with his tongue. His eyes behind
their horn-rims were glowing with pleasure.

'So,' said Grant, 'I propose that we proceed with investigation along
those lines.'

'Sure. What do you want?'

'I want to know a lot more about that confession of Tyrrel's. But first,
and most of all, I'd like to know how the people concerned acted. What
happened to them; not what anyone reported of anyone. Just as we did in
the case of Richard's succession after Edward's unexpected death.'

'Fine. What do you want to know?'

'I want to know what became of all the York heirs that Richard left so
alive and well and prosperous. Every single one of them. Can you do that
for me?'

'Sure. That's elementary.'

'And I could bear to know more about Tyrrel. About the man himself, I
mean. Who he was, and what he had done.'

'I'll do that.' Carradine got up with such an on-with-the-charge air that
for one moment Grant thought that he was actually going to button his
coat. 'Mr Grant, I'm so grateful to you for all this--this--'

'This fun and games?'

'When you're on your feet again, I'll--I'll--I'll take you round the
Tower of London.'

'Make it Greenwich-and-back by boat. Our island Race have a passion for
the nautical.'

'How long do they reckon it will be before you're out of bed, do you

'I'll probably be up before you come back with the news about the heirs
and Tyrrel.'


Grant was not, as it happened, out of bed when Carradine came again, but
he was sitting up.

'You can't imagine,' he said to Brent, 'how fascinating the opposite wall
looks, after the ceiling. And how small and queer the world looks right
way up.'

He was touched by Carradine's obvious pleasure in this progress and it
was some time before they got down to business. It was Grant who had to
say: 'Well, how did the York heirs make out under Henry VII?'

'Oh, yes,' said the boy, pulling out his usual wad of notes and drawing
up a chair by hooking his right toe in the crossbar. He sat down on the
chair. 'Where shall I begin?'

'Well, about Elizabeth we know. He married her, and she was Queen of
England until she died and he made a bid for the mad Juana of Spain.'

'Yes. She was married to Henry in the spring of 1486--in January, rather;
five months after Bosworth--and she died in the spring of 1503.'

'Seventeen years. Poor Elizabeth. With Henry it must have seemed like
seventy. He was what is euphemistically referred to as "unuxorious". Let
us go on down the family. Edward's children, I mean. Fate of the two boys
unknown. What happened to Cecily?'

'She was married to his old uncle Lord Welles, and sent away to live in
Lincolnshire. Anne and Katherine, who were children, were marked when
they were old enough to good Lancastrians. Bridget, the youngest, became
a nun at Dartford.'

'Orthodox enough, so far. Who comes next? George's boy.'

'Yes. Young Warwick. Shut up for life in the Tower, and executed for
allegedly planning to escape.'

'So. And George's daughter? Margaret.'

'She became the Countess of Salisbury. Her execution by Henry VIII on a
trumped-up charge is apparently the classic sample of judicial murder.'

'Elizabeth's son? The alternative heir?'

'John de la Pole. He went to live with his aunt in Burgundy until--'

'To live with Margaret, Richard's sister.'

'Yes. He died in the Simnel rising. But he had a younger brother that you
didn't put in that list. He was executed by Henry VIII. He had
surrendered to Henry VII under a safe-conduct, so Henry, I suppose,
thought that it might break his luck to ignore that. In any case he had
about used up his quota. Henry VIII took no chances. He didn't stop at de
la Pole. There were four more that you missed out of that list. Exeter,
Surrey, Buckingham, and Montague. He got rid of the lot.'

'And Richard's son? John? The bastard one.'

'Henry VII granted him a pension of £20 a year, but he was the first of
the lot to go.'

'On what charge?'

'On having been suspected of receiving an invitation to go to Ireland.'

'You're joking.'

'I'm not. Ireland was the focus of loyalist rebellion. The York family
were very popular in Ireland, and to get an invitation from that
direction was as good as a death warrant in Henry's eyes. Though I can't
think why even Henry would have bothered about young John. "An active,
well-disposed boy", he was, by the way, according to the "Foedera".'

'His claim was better than Henry's.' Grant said, very tart. 'He was the
illegitimate only son of a King. Henry was the great-grandson of an
illegitimate son of a younger son of a King.'

There was silence for some time.

Then Carradine, out of the silence, said: 'Yes.'

'Yes to what?'

'To what you are thinking.'

'It does look like it, doesn't it. They're the only two who are missing
from the list.'

There was another silence.

'They were all judicial murders,' Grant said presently. 'Murders under
the form of law. But you can't bring a capital charge against a pair of

'No,' agreed Carradine, and went on watching the sparrows. 'No, it would
have to be done some other way. After all, they were the important ones.'

'The vital ones.'

'How do we start?'

'As we did with Richard's succession. Find out where everyone was in the
first months of Henry's reign and what they were doing. Say the first
year of his reign. There will be a break in the pattern somewhere, just
as there was a break in the preparations for the boy's coronation.'


Did you find out anything about Tyrrel? Who he was?'

'Yes. He wasn't at all what I had imagined. I'd imagined him as a sort of
hanger-on; hadn't you?'

'Yes, I think I did. Wasn't he?'

'No. He was a person of importance. He was Sir James Tyrrel of Gipping.
He had been on various--committees, I suppose you'd call them, for Edward
IV. And he was created a Knight Banneret, whatever that is, at the siege
of Berwick. And he did well for himself under Richard, though I can't
find that he was at the battle of Bosworth. A lot of people came too late
for the battle--did you know?--so I don't suppose that means anything
particular. Anyhow, he wasn't that lackey-on-the-make person that I'd
always pictured.'

'That's interesting. How did he make out under Henry VII?'

'Well, that's the really interesting thing. For such a very good and
successful servant of the York family, he seems to have fairly blossomed
under Henry. Henry appointed him Constable of Guisnes. Then he was sent
as ambassador to Rome. He was one of the Commissioners for negotiating
the Treaty of Etaples. And Henry gave him a grant for life of the
revenues of some lands in Wales, but made him exchange them for revenues
of the county of Guisnes of equal value--I can't think why.'

'I can,' said Grant.

'You can?'

'Has it struck you that all his honours and his commissions are outside
England? Even the reward of land revenues.'

'Yes, so they are. What does that convey to you?'

'Nothing at the moment. Perhaps he just found Guisnes better for his
bronchial catarrh. It is possible to read too much into historical
transactions. Like Shakespeare's plays, they are capable of almost
endless interpretations. How long did this honeymoon with Henry VII

'Oh, quite a long time. Everything was just grand until 1502.'

'What happened in 1502?'

'Henry heard that he had been ready to help one of the York crowd in the
Tower to escape to Germany. He sent the whole garrison of Calais to
besiege the castle at Guisnes. That wasn't quick enough for him, so he
sent his Lord Privy Seal--know what that is?'

Grant nodded.

'Sent his Lord Privy Seal--what names you English have dreamed up for
your Elks officials--to offer him safe conduct if he would come aboard a
ship at Calais and confer with the Chancellor of the Exchequer.'

'Don't tell me.'

'I don't need to, do I? He finished up in a dungeon in the Tower. And was
beheaded "in great haste and without trial" on May 6th 1503.'

'And what about his confession?'

'There wasn't one.'


'Don't look at me like that. I'm not responsible.'

'But I thought he confessed to the murder of the boys.'

'Yes, according to various accounts. But they are accounts of a
confession, not--not a transcript, if you see what I mean.'

'You mean, Henry didn't publish a confession?'

'No. His paid historian, Polydore Virgil, gave an account of how the
murder was done. After Tyrrel was dead.'

'But if Tyrrel confessed that he murdered the boys at Richard's
instigation, why wasn't he charged with the crime and publicly tried for

'I can't imagine.'

'Let me get this straight. Nothing was heard of Tyrrel's confession until
Tyrrel was dead.'


'Tyrrel confesses that, way back in 1483, nearly twenty years ago, he
pelted up to London from Warwick, got the keys of the Tower from the
Constable--I forget his name--'

'Brackenbury. Sir Robert Brackenbury.'

'Yes. Got the keys of the Tower from Sir Robert Brackenbury for one
night, murdered the boys, handed back the keys, and reported back to
Richard. He confesses this, and so puts an end to what must have been a
much canvassed mystery, and yet nothing public is done with him.'

'Not a thing.'

'I'd hate to go into court with a story like that.'

'I wouldn't even consider it, myself. It's as phoney a tale as ever I

'Didn't they even bring Brackenbury in to affirm or deny the story of the
keys being handed over?'

'Brackenbury was killed at Bosworth.'

'So he was conveniently dead too, was he.' He lay and thought about it.
'You know, if Brackenbury died at Bosworth, then we have one more small
piece of evidence on our side.'

'How? What?'

'If that had really happened; I mean: if the keys were handed over for a
night on Richard's order, then a lot of junior officials at the Tower
must have been aware of it. It is quite inconceivable that one or other
of them wouldn't be ready to tell the tale to Henry when he took over the
Tower. Especially if the boys were missing. Brackenbury was dead. Richard
was dead. The next in command at the Tower would be expected to produce
the boys. When they weren't producible, he must have said: "The Constable
handed over the keys, one night, and since then the boys have not been
seen." There would have been the most ruthless hue and cry after the man
who had been given the keys. He would have been Exhibit A in the case
against Richard, and to produce him would have been a feather in Henry's

'Not only that, but Tyrrel was too well known to the people at the Tower
to have passed unrecognised. In the small London of that day he must have
been quite a well-known figure.'

'Yes. If that story were true Tyrrel would have been tried and executed
for the boys' murder, openly, in 1485. He had no one to protect him.' He
reached for his cigarettes. 'So what we're left with is that Henry
executed Tyrrel in 1502, and then announced by way of his tame historians
that Tyrrel had confessed that twenty years before he had murdered the


'And he didn't offer, anywhere, at any time, any reason for not trying
Tyrrel for this atrocious thing he had confessed.'

'No. Not as far as I can make out. He was sideways as a crab, you know.
He never went straight at anything, even murder. It had to be covered up
to look like something else. He waited years to find some sort of legal
excuse that would camouflage a murder. He had a mind like a corkscrew. Do
you know what his first official action as Henry VII was?'


'To execute some of the men fighting for Richard at Bosworth on a charge
of treason. And do you know how he managed to make it legally treason? By
dating his reign from the day before Bosworth. A mind that was capable of
a piece of sharp practice of that calibre was capable of anything.' He
took the cigarette that Grant was offering him. 'But he didn't get away
with it,' he added, with sober joy. 'Oh, no, he didn't get away with it.
The English, bless them, drew the line at that. They told him where he
got off.'


'They presented him, in that nice polite English way, with an Act of
Parliament that said that no one serving the Sovereign Lord of the land
for the time being should be convicted of treason or suffer either
forfeiture or imprisonment, and they made him consent to it. That's
terribly English, that ruthless politeness. No yelling in the street or
throwing stones because they didn't like his little bit of cheating. Just
a nice polite reasonable Act for him to swallow and like it. I bet he did
a slow burn about that one. Well, I must be on my way. It's sure nice to
see you sitting up and taking notice. We'll be having that trip to
Greenwich in no time at all, I see. What's at Greenwich?'

'Some very fine architecture and a fine stretch of muddy river.'

'That's all?'

'And some good pubs.'

'We're going to Greenwich.'

When he had gone Grant slid down in bed and smoked one cigarette after
another while he considered the tale of those heirs of York who had
prospered under Richard III, and gone to their graves under Henry VII.

Some of them may have 'asked for it'. Carradine's report had, after all,
been a précis; innocent of qualification, insusceptible to half-tones.
But it was surely a thundering great coincidence that all the lives who
stood between the Tudors and the throne had been cut short so

He looked, with no great enthusiasm, at the book that young Carradine had
brought him. It was called _The Life and Reign of Richard III_; by
someone James Gairdner. Carradine had assured him that he would find Dr
Gairdner well worth his while. Dr Gairdner was, according to Brent, 'a

The book did not appear to Grant to be markedly hilarious, but anything
about Richard was better than something about anyone else, so he began to
glance through it, and presently he became aware just what Brent had
meant by saying that the good doctor was a 'yell'. Dr Gairdner
obstinately believed Richard to be a murderer, but since he was a writer
honest, learned, and according to his lights impartial, it was not in him
to suppress facts. The spectacle of Dr Gairdner trying to make his facts
fit his theory was the most entertaining thing in gymnastics that Grant
had witnessed for some time.

Dr Gairdner acknowledged with no apparent sense of incongruity Richard's
great wisdom, his generosity, his courage, his ability, his charm, his
popularity, and the trust that he inspired even in his beaten enemies;
and in the same breath reported his vile slander of his mother and his
slaughter of two helpless children. Tradition says, said the worthy
Doctor; and solemnly reported the horrible tradition and subscribed to
it. There was nothing mean or paltry in his character, according to the
Doctor--but he was a murderer of innocent children. Even his enemies had
confidence in his justice--but he murdered his own nephews. His integrity
was remarkable--but he killed for gain.

As a contortionist Dr Gairdner was the original boneless wonder. More
than ever Grant wondered with what part of their brains historians
reasoned. It was certainly by no process of reasoning known to ordinary
mortals that they arrived at their conclusions. Nowhere in the pages of
fiction or fact, and certainly nowhere in life, had he met any human
being remotely resembling either Dr Gairdner's Richard or Oliphant's
Elizabeth Woodville.

Perhaps there was something in Laura's theory that human nature found it
difficult to give up preconceived beliefs. That there was some vague
inward opposition to, and resentment of, a reversal of accepted fact.
Certainly Dr Gairdner dragged like a frightened child on the hand that
was pulling him towards the inevitable.

That charming men of great integrity had committed murder in their day
Grant knew only too well. But not that kind of murder and not for that
kind of reason. The kind of man whom Dr Gairdner had drawn in his _Life
and History of Richard III_ would commit murder only when his own
personal life had been bouleversé by some earthquake. He would murder his
wife for unfaithfulness suddenly discovered, perhaps. Or kill the partner
whose secret speculation had ruined their firm and the future of his
children. Whatever murder he committed would be the result of acute
emotion, it would never be planned: and it would never be a base murder.

One could not say: Because Richard possessed this quality and that,
therefore he was incapable of murder. But one could say: Because Richard
possessed these qualities, therefore he is incapable of this murder.

It would have been a silly murder, that murder of the boy Princes; and
Richard was a remarkably able man. It was base beyond description; and he
was a man of great integrity. It was callous; and he was noted for his

One could go through the catalogue of his acknowledged virtues, and find
that each of them, individually, made his part in the murder unlikely in
the extreme. Taken together they amounted to a wall of impossibility that
towered into fantasy.


'There was one person you forgot to ask for,' Carradine said, breezing
in, very gay, some days later, 'in your list of kind inquiries.'

'Hullo. Who was that?'


'Of course! The worthy Bishop of Bath. If Henry hated Titulus Regius, as
a witness of Richard's integrity and his own wife's illegitimacy, he must
still more have disliked the presence of its instigator. What happened to
old Stillington? Judicial murder?'

'Apparently the old boy wouldn't play.'

'Wouldn't play what?'

'Henry's pet game. Out goes he. Either he was a wily old bird, or he was
too innocent to see the snare at all. It's my belief--if a mere Research
Worker is entitled to a belief--that he was so innocent that no agent
provocateur could provoke him to anything. Not anything that could be
made a capital charge, anyhow.'

'Are you telling me that he defeated Henry?'

'No. Oh, no. No one ever defeated Henry. Henry put him on a charge and
conveniently forgot to release him. And never home came he. Who was that?
Mary on the sands of Dee?'

'You're very bright this morning, not to say exhilarated.'

'Don't say it in that suspicious tone. They're not open yet. This
effervescence that you observe in me is intellectual carbonisation.
Spiritual rejoicing. An entirely cerebral scintillation.'

'Well? Sit down and cough up. What is so good? I take it that something

'Good is hardly the proper word. It's beautiful, perfectly-holy

'I think you _have_ been drinking.'

'I couldn't drink this morning if I tried. I'm bung full, full up to the
gullet's edge, with satisfaction.'

'I take it you found that break in the pattern we were looking for.'

'Yes, I found it, but it was later than we had thought. Later in time, I
mean. Further on. In the first months everyone did what you would expect
them to do. Henry took over--not a word about the boys--and cleaned up,
got married to the boys' sister. Got his own attainder reversed by a
Parliament of his own attainted followers--no mention of the boys--and
got an act of attainder through against Richard and his loyal subjects
whose service was so neatly made treason by that one day's ante-dating.
That brought a fine heap of forfeited estates into the kitty in one go.
The Croyland monk was terribly scandalised, by the way, at Henry's sharp
practice in the matter of treason. "O God," he says, "what security are
our kings to have henceforth in the day of battle if their loyal
followers may in defeat be deprived of life, fortune, and inheritance".'

'He reckoned without his countrymen.'

'Yes. He might have known that the English would get round to that matter
sooner or later. Perhaps he was an alien. Anyhow, everything went on just
as you would expect things to go with Henry in charge. He succeeded in
August of 1485, and married Elizabeth the following January. Elizabeth
had her first child at Winchester, and her mother was there with her and
was present at the baptism. That was in September 1486. Then she came
back to London--the Queen Dowager, I mean--in the autumn. And in
February--hold on to everything--in February she was shut in a convent
for the rest of her life.'

'_Elizabeth Woodville_?' Grant said, in the greatest astonishment. This
was the very last thing he had expected.

'Yes. Elizabeth Woodville. The boys' mother.'

'How do you know that she didn't go voluntarily?' Grant asked, when he
had thought of it for a little. 'It was not an uncommon thing for great
ladies who were tired of court life to retire into an Order. It was not a
severe existence, you know. Indeed, I have an idea it was fairly
comfortable for rich women.'

'Henry stripped her of everything she owned, and ordered her into the
nunnery at Bermondsey. And that, by the way, _did_ create a sensation.
There was "much wondering", it appears.'

'I'm not surprised. What an extraordinary thing. Did he give a reason?'


'What did he say he was ruining her for?'

'For being nice to Richard.'

'Are you serious?'


'Is that the official wording?'

'No. That's the version of Henry's pet historian.'


'Yes. The actual order of council that shut her up, said it was "for
various considerations".'

'Are you quoting?' asked Grant, incredulous.

'I'm quoting. That's what it said: "For various considerations."'

After a moment Grant said: 'He had no talent for excuses, had he? In his
place I would have thought up six better ones.'

'Either he couldn't be bothered or he thought other people very
credulous. Mark you, her niceness to Richard didn't worry him until
eighteen months after he succeeded Richard. Up till then everything had
apparently been smooth as milk. He had even given her presents, manors
and what not, when he succeeded Richard.'

'What was his real reason? Have you any suggestion?'

'Well, I've another little item that may give you ideas. It certainly
gave me one hell of a big idea.'

'Go on.'

'In June of that year--'

'Which year?'

'The first year of Elizabeth's marriage. 1486. The year when she was
married in January and had Prince Arthur at Winchester in September, with
her mother dancing attendance.'

'All right. Yes.'

'In June of that year, Sir James Tyrrel received a general pardon. On the
16th June.'

'But that means very little, you know. It was quite a usual thing. At the
end of a period of service. Or on setting out on a new one. It merely
meant that you were quit of anything that anyone might think of raking up
against you afterwards.'

'Yes, I know. I know that. The first pardon isn't the surprising one.'

'The _first_ pardon? Was there a second one?'

'Yes. That's the pay-off. There was a second general pardon to Sir James
exactly a month later. To be exact on the 16th July, 1486.'

'Yes,' Grant said, thinking it over. 'That really is extraordinary.'

'It's highly unusual, anyway. I asked an old boy who works next me at the
B.M.--he does historical research and he's been a wonderful help to me I
don't mind telling you--and he said he had never come across another
instance. I showed him the two entries--in the _Memorials of Henry
VII_--and he mooned over them like a lover.'

Grant said, considering: 'On the 16th June, Tyrrel is given a general
pardon. On the 16th July he is given a second general pardon. In November
or thereabouts the boys' mother comes back to town. And in February she
is immured for life.'



'You think he did it? Tyrrel.'

'It could be. It's very suggestive, isn't it, that when we find the break
in the normal pattern that we've been looking for, Tyrrel is there, on
the spot, with a most unconscionable break in his own pattern. When did
the rumour that the boys were missing first become general? I mean,
something to be talked openly about.'

'Quite early in Henry's reign, it would seem.'

'Yes; it fits. It would certainly explain the thing that has puzzled us
from the beginning in this affair.'

'What do you mean?'

'It would explain why there was no fuss when the boys disappeared. It's
always been a puzzling thing, even to people who thought that Richard did
it. Indeed, when you come to think of it it would be impossible for
Richard to get away with it. There was a large, and very active, and very
powerful opposition party in Richard's day, and he left them all free and
scattered up and down the country to carry on as they liked. He had all
the Woodville-Lancaster crowd to deal with if the boys had gone missing.
But where interference or undue curiosity was concerned Henry was sitting
pretty. Henry had got his opposition party safely in jail. The only
possible danger was his mother-in-law, and at the very moment when she
becomes capable of being a prying nuisance she too is put under hatches
and battened down.'

'Yes. Wouldn't you think that there was _something_ she could have done?
When she found that she was being prevented from getting news of the

'She may never have known that they were missing. He may just have said:
"It is my wish that you should not see them. I think you are a bad
influence on them: you who came out of sanctuary and let your daughters
go to that man's parties!"'

'Yes, that's so, of course. He didn't have to wait until she actually
became suspicious. The whole thing might have been one move. "You're a
bad woman, and a bad mother; I am sending you into a convent to save your
soul and your children from the contamination of your presence".'

'Yes. And where the rest of England were concerned, he was as safe as any
murderer ever could be. After his happy thought about the "treason"
accusation, no one was going to stick his neck out by inquiring
particularly about the boys' health. Everyone must have been walking on
eggs as it was. No one knowing what Henry might think of next to make
into a retrospective offence that would send their lives into limbo and
their estates into Henry's kitty. No, it was no time to be over-curious
about anything that didn't directly concern oneself. Not that it would be
easy, in any case, to satisfy one's curiosity.'

'With the boys living at the Tower, you mean.'

'With the boys living in a Tower officialled by Henry's men. There was
none of Richard's get-together live-and-let-live attitude about Henry. No
York-Lancaster alliance for Henry. The people at the Tower would be
Henry's men.'

'Yes. Of course they would. Did you know that Henry was the first English
King to have a bodyguard? I wonder what he told his wife about her

'Yes. That would be interesting to know. He may even have told her the

'_Henry!_ Never! It would cost Henry a spiritual struggle, Mr Grant, to
acknowledge that two and two were four. I tell you, he was a crab; he
never went straight at anything.'

'If he were sadist he could tell her with impunity, you know. There was
practically nothing she could do about it. Even if she wanted to. She
mightn't have wanted to all that much. She had just produced an heir to
the throne of England and was getting ready to produce another. She might
not have the spare interest for a crusade; especially a crusade that
would knock the ground from under her own feet.'

'He wasn't a sadist, Henry,' young Carradine said sadly. Sad at having to
grant Henry even a negative virtue. 'In a way he was just the opposite.
He didn't enjoy murder at all. He had to pretty it before he could bear
the thought of it. Dress it up in legal ribbons. If you think that Henry
got a kick out of boasting to Elizabeth in bed about what he had done
with her brothers, I think you're wrong.'

'Yes, probably,' Grant said. And lay thinking about Henry. 'I've just
thought of the right adjective for Henry,' he said presently. 'Shabby. He
was a shabby creature.'

'Yes. Even his hair was thin and scanty.'

'I didn't mean it physically.'

'I know you didn't.'

'Everything that he did was shabby. Come to think of it, "Morton's Fork"
is the shabbiest piece of revenue-raising in history. But it wasn't only
his greed for money. Everything about him is shabby, isn't it?'

'Yes. Dr Gairdner wouldn't have any trouble in making his actions fit his
character. How did you get on with the Doctor?'

'A fascinating study. But for the grace of God I think the worthy Doctor
might have made a living as a criminal.'

'Because he cheated?'

'Because he didn't cheat. He was as honest as the day. He just couldn't
reason from B to C.'

'All right I'll buy.'

'Everyone can reason from A to B--even a child. And most adults can
reason from B to C. But a lot can't. Most criminals can't. You may not
believe it--I know it's an awful come-down from the popular conception of
the criminal as a dashing and cute character--but the criminal mind is an
essentially silly one. You can't imagine how silly sometimes. You'd have
to experience it to believe their lack of reasoning powers. They arrive
at B, but they're quite incapable of making the jump to C. They'll lay
two completely incompatible things side by side and contemplate them with
the most unquestioning content. You can't make them see that they can't
have both, any more than you can make a man of no taste see that bits of
plywood nailed on to a gable to simulate Tudor beams are impossible. Have
you started your own book?'

'Well--I've made a sort of tentative beginning. I know the way I _want_
to write it. I mean the form. I hope you won't mind.'

'Why should I mind?'

'I want to write it the way it happened. You know; about my coming to see
you, and our starting the Richard thing quite casually and not knowing
what we were getting into, and how we stuck to things that actually
happened and not what someone reported afterwards about it, and how we
looked for the break in the normal pattern that would indicate where the
mischief was, like bubbles coming up from a diver way below, and that
sort of thing.'

'I think it's a grand idea.'

'You do?'

'I do indeed.'

'Well, that's fine, then. I'll get on with it. I'm going to do some
research on Henry, just as garnish. I'd like to be able to put their
actual records side by side, you see. So that people can compare them for
themselves. Did you know that Henry invented the Star Chamber?'

'Was it Henry? I'd forgotten that. Morton's Fork and the Star Chamber. The
classic sample of sharp practice, and the classic sample of tyranny.
You're not going to have any difficulty in differentiating the rival
portraits, are you! Morton's Fork and the Star Chamber make a nice
contrast to the granting of the right to bail, and the prevention of the
intimidation of juries.'

'Was that Richard's Parliament? Golly, what a lot of reading I have to do.
Atlanta's not speaking to me. She hates your marrow. She says I'm about
as much use to a girl as a last year's _Vogue_. But honestly, Mr Grant,
this is the first time in my life that anything exciting has happened to
me. Important, I mean. Not exciting meaning exciting. Atlanta's exciting.
She's all the excitement I ever want. But neither of us is important, the
way I mean important--if you can understand what I mean.'

'Yes, I understand. You've found something worth doing.'

'That's it. I've found something worth doing. And it's me that's going to
do it; that's what's wonderful about it. Me. Mrs Carradine's little boy.
I come over here with Atlanta, with no idea about anything but using that
research gag as an alibi. I walk into the B.M. to get me some dope to
keep Pop quiet, and I walk out with a mission. Doesn't that shake you!'
He eyed Grant in a considering way. 'You're quite sure, Mr Grant, that
you don't want to write this book yourself? After all, it's quite a thing
to do.'

'I shall never write a book,' Grant said firmly. 'Not even _My Twenty
Years at the Yard_.'

'What! Not even your autobiography?'

'Not even my autobiography. It is my considered opinion that far too many
books are written as it is.'

'But this is one that must be written,' Carradine said, looking slightly

'Of course it is. This one must be written. Tell me: there's something I
forgot to ask you. How soon after that double pardon did Tyrrel get that
appointment in France? How soon after his supposed service to Henry in
July 1486 did he become Constable of the Castle of Guisnes?'

Carradine stopped looking hurt and looked as malicious as it was possible
for his kind woolly-lamb face to look.

'I was wondering when you were going to ask that,' he said. 'I was going
to throw it at you on my way out if you forgot to ask. The answer is:
almost right away.'

'So. Another appropriate little pebble in the mosaic. I wonder whether
the constableship just happened to be vacant, or whether it was a French
appointment because Henry wanted him out of England.'

'I bet it was the other way about, and it was Tyrrel who wanted to get
out of England. If I were being ruled by Henry VII, I'd sure prefer to be
ruled by remote control. Especially if I had done a secret job for Henry
that might make it convenient for Henry if I didn't live to too venerable
an age.'

'Yes, perhaps you're right. He didn't only go abroad, he stayed
abroad--as we have already observed. Interesting.'

'He wasn't the only one who stayed abroad. John Dighton did too. I
couldn't find out who all the people who were supposed to be involved in
the murder actually were. All the Tudor accounts are different, I suppose
you know. Indeed most of them are so different that they contradict each
other flat. Henry's pet historian, Polydore Virgil, says the deed was
done when Richard was at York. According to the sainted More it was
during an earlier trip altogether, when Richard was at Warwick. And the
personnel changes with each account. So that it's difficult to sort them
out. I don't know who Will Slater was--Black Will to you, and another
piece of onomatopoeia--or Miles Forrest. But there was a John Dighton.
Grafton says he lived for long at Calais "no less disdained than pointed
at" and died there in great misery. How they relished a good moral,
didn't they. The Victorians had nothing on them.'

'If Dighton was destitute it doesn't look as if he had done any job for
Henry. What was he by trade?'

'Well, if it's the same John Dighton, he was a priest, and he was
anything but destitute. He was living very comfortably on the proceeds of
a sinecure. Henry gave a John Dighton the living of Fulbeck, near
Grantham--that's in Lincolnshire--on the 2nd of May, 1487.'

'Well, well,' Grant said, drawling. '1487. And he, too, lives abroad and
in comfort.'

'Uh-huh. Lovely, isn't it?'

'It's beautiful. And does anyone explain how the much-pointed-at Dighton
wasn't hauled home by the scruff of his neck to hang for regicide?'

'Oh, no. Nothing like that. Tudor historians--didn't any of them think
from B to C.?'

Grant laughed. 'I see you're being educated.'

'Sure. I'm not only learning history. I'm sitting at the feet of Scotland
Yard on the subject of the human mind. Well, that will be about all for
now. If you feel strong enough I'll read you the first two chapters of
the book next time I come.' He paused and said: 'Would you mind, Mr
Grant, if I dedicated it to you?'

'I think you had better dedicate it to Carradine The Third,' Grant said

But Carradine apparently did not feel it to be a light matter.

'I don't use soft soap as a dedication,' he said, with a hint of

'Oh, not soft soap,' Grant said in haste. 'A matter of policy merely.'

'I'd never have started on this thing if it hadn't been for you, Mr
Grant,' Carradine said, standing in the middle of the floor all formal
and emotional and American and surrounded by the sweeping folds of his
topcoat, 'and I should like to make due acknowledgement of my

'I should be delighted, of course,' murmured Grant, and the royal figure
in the middle of the floor relaxed to boyhood again and the awkward
moment was over. Carradine went away joyous and light-footed as he had
come, looking thirty pounds heavier and twelve inches more round the
chest than he had done three weeks ago.

And Grant took out the new knowledge that had been given him, and hung it
on the opposite wall, and stared at it.


She had been shut away from the world; that indestructibly virtuous
beauty with the gilt hair.

Why gilt, he wondered for the first time. Silver-gilt probably; she had
been radiantly fair. A pity that the word blonde had degenerated to the
point where it had almost a secondary meaning.

She had been walled up to end her days where she could be no trouble to
anyone. An eddy of trouble had moved with her all through her life. Her
marriage to Edward had rocked England. She had been the passive means of
Warwick's ruin. Her kindnesses to her family had built a whole new party
in England and had prevented Richard's peaceful succession. Bosworth was
implicit in that scanty little ceremony in the wilds of Northamptonshire
when she became Edward's wife. But no one seemed to have borne her
malice. Even the sinned-against Richard had forgiven her her relations'
enormities. No one--until Henry came.

She had disappeared into obscurity. Elizabeth Woodville. The Queen
Dowager who was mother of the Queen of England. The mother of the Princes
in the Tower; who had lived free and prosperous under Richard III.

That was an ugly break in the pattern, wasn't it?

He took his mind away from personal histories and began to think
police-fashion. It was time he tidied up his case. Put it shipshape for
presenting. It would help the boy with his book, and better still it
would clear his own mind. It would be down in black and white where he
could see it.

He reached for his writing-pad and pen, and made a neat entry:

CASE: Disappearance of two boys (Edward, Prince of Wales; Richard, Duke
of York) from the Tower of London, 1485 or thereabouts.

He wondered whether it would be better to do the two suspects in parallel
columns or successively. Perhaps it was better to finish with Richard
first. So he made another neat headline; and began on his summing-up:


_Previous Record:_

Good. Has excellent record in public service, and good reputation in
private life. Salient characteristic as indicated by his actions: good

_In the matter of the presumed crime:_

(a) He did not stand to benefit; there were nine other heirs to the house
of York, including three males.

(b) There is no contemporary accusation.

(c) The boys' mother continued on friendly terms with him until his
death, and her daughters attended Palace festivities.

(d) He showed no fear of the other heirs of York, providing generously
for their upkeep and granting all of them their royal state.

(e) His own right to the crown was unassailable, approved by Act of
Parliament and public acclamation; the boys were out of the succession
and of no danger to him.

(f) If he had been nervous about disaffection then the person to have got
rid of was not the two boys, but the person who really was next in
succession to him: young Warwick. Whom he publicly created his heir when
his own son died.


_Previous Record:_

An adventurer, living at foreign courts. Son of an ambitious mother.
Nothing known against his private life. No public office or employment.
Salient characteristic as indicated by his actions: subtlety.

_In the matter of the presumed crime:_

(a) It was of great importance to him that the boys should not continue
to live. By repealing the Act acknowledging the children's illegitimacy,
he made the elder boy King of England, and the younger boy the next heir.

(b) In the Act which he brought before Parliament for the attainting of
Richard he accused Richard of the conventional tyranny and cruelty but
made no mention of the two young Princes. The conclusion is inevitable
that at that time the two boys were alive and their whereabouts known.

(c) The boys' mother was deprived of her living and consigned to a
nunnery eighteen months after his succession.

(d) He took immediate steps to secure the persons of all the other heirs
to the crown, and kept them in close arrest until he could with the
minimum of scandal get rid of them.

(e) He had no right whatever to the throne. Since the death of Richard,
young Warwick was _de jure_ King of England.

It occurred to Grant for the first time, as he wrote it out, that it had
been within Richard's power to legitimise his bastard son John, and foist
him on the nation. There was no lack of precedent for such a course.
After all, the whole Beaufort clan (including Henry's mother) were the
descendants not only of an illegitimate union but of a double adultery.
There was nothing to hinder Richard from legitimising that 'active and
well-disposed' boy who lived in recognised state in his household. It was
surely the measure of Richard that no such course had apparently crossed
his mind. He had appointed as his heir his brother's boy. Even in the
destitution of his own grief, good sense was his ruling characteristic.
Good sense and family feeling. No base-born son, however active and
well-disposed, was going to sit in the Plantagenets' seat while his
brother's son was there to occupy it.

It was remarkable how that atmosphere of family feeling permeated the
whole story. All the way from Cicely's journeyings about in her husband's
company, to her son's free acknowledgement of his brother George's boy as
his heir.

And it occurred to him too for the first time in full force just how that
family atmosphere strengthened the case for Richard's innocence. The boys
whom he was supposed to have put down as he would put down twin foals
were Edward's sons; children he must have known personally and well. To
Henry, on the other hand, they were mere symbols. Obstacles on a path. He
may never even have set eyes on them. All questions of character apart,
the choice between the two men as suspects might almost be decided on
that alone.

It was wonderfully clearing to the head to see it neat and tidy as (a),
(b), and (c). He had not noticed before how doubly suspect was Henry's
behaviour over Titulus Regius. If, as Henry had insisted, Richard's claim
was absurd, then surely the obvious thing to do was to have the thing
re-read in public and demonstrate its falsity. But he did no such thing.
He went to endless pains to obliterate even the memory of it. The
conclusion was inevitable that Richard's title to the crown as shown in
Titulus Regius was unassailable.


On the afternoon when Carradine reappeared in the room at the hospital
Grant had walked to the window and back again, and was so cock-a-hoop
about it that The Midget was moved to remind him that it was a thing that
a child of eighteen months could do. But nothing could subdue Grant

'Thought you'd have me here for months, didn't you,' he crowed.

'We are very glad to see you better so quickly,' she said primly; and
added: 'We are, of course, very glad, too, to have your bed.'

And she clicked away down the corridor, all blonde curls and starch.

Grant lay on his bed and looked at his little prison room with something
approaching benevolence. Neither a man who has stood at the Pole nor a
man who has stood on Everest has anything on a man who has stood at a
window after weeks of being merely twelve stones of destitution. Or so
Grant felt.

Tomorrow he was going home. Going home to be cosseted by Mrs Tinker. He
would have to spend half of each day in bed and he would be able to walk
only with the aid of sticks, but he would be his own man again. At the
bidding of no one. In tutelage to no half-pint piece of efficiency,
yearned over by no lump of out-sized benevolence.

It was a glorious prospect.

He had already unloaded his hallelujahs all over Sergeant Williams, who
had looked in on the completion of his chore in Essex, and he was now
yearning for Marta to drop in so that he could peacock in front of her in
his new-found manhood.

'How did you get on with the history books?' Williams had asked.

'Couldn't be better. I've proved them all wrong.'

Williams had grinned. 'I expect there's a law against that,' he said.
'MI5 won't like it. Treason or lèse-majesté or something like that it
might turn out to be. You never know nowadays. I'd be careful if I was

'I'll never again believe anything I read in a history book, as long as I
live, so help me.'

'You'll have to make exceptions,' Williams pointed out with Williams'
dogged reasonableness. 'Queen Victoria was true, and I suppose Julius
Caesar did invade Britain. And there's 1066.'

'I'm beginning to have the gravest doubts about 1066. I see you've tied
up the Essex job. What is Chummy like?'

'A thorough little blighter. Been treated soft all his life since he
started stealing change from his Ma at the age of nine. A good belting at
the age of twelve might have saved his life. Now he'll hang before the
almond blossom's out. It's going to be an early spring. I've been working
every evening in the garden this last few days, now that the days are
drawing out. You'll be glad to sniff fresh air again.'

And he had gone away, rosy and sane and balanced, as befitted a man who
was belted for his good in his youth.

So Grant was longing for some other visitor from the outside world that
he was so soon to be a part of again, and he was delighted when the
familiar tentative tap came on his door.

'Come in, Brent!' he called, joyfully.

And Brent came in.

But it was not the Brent who had last gone out.

Gone was the jubilation. Gone was his newly acquired breadth.

He was no longer Carradine the pioneer, the blazer of trails.

He was just a thin boy in a very long, very large overcoat. He looked
young, and shocked, and bereaved.

Grant watched him in dismay as he crossed the room with his listless
unco-ordinated walk. There was no bundle of paper sticking out of his
mail-sack of a pocket today.

Oh, well, thought Grant philosophically; it had been fun while it lasted.
There was bound to be a snag somewhere. One couldn't do serious research
in that light-hearted amateur way and hope to prove anything by it. One
wouldn't expect an amateur to walk into the Yard and solve a case that
had defeated the pro's; so why should he have thought himself smarter
than the historians. He had wanted to prove to himself that he was right
in his face-reading of the portrait; he had wanted to blot out the shame
of having put a criminal on the bench instead of in the dock. But he
would have to accept his mistake, and like it. Perhaps he had asked for
it. Perhaps, in his heart of hearts, he had been growing a little pleased
with himself about his eye for faces.

'Hullo, Mr Grant.'

'Hullo, Brent.'

Actually it was worse for the boy. He was at the age when he expected
miracles to happen. He was still at the age when he was surprised that a
balloon should burst.

'You look saddish,' he said cheerfully to the boy. 'Something come


Carradine sat down on the chair and stared at the window.

'Don't these damned sparrows get you down?' he asked, fretfully.

'What is it? Have you discovered that there was a general rumour about
the boys before Richard's death, after all?'

'Oh, much worse than that.'

'Oh. Something in print? A letter?'

'No, it isn't that sort of thing at all. It's something much worse.
Something quite--quite fundamental. I don't know how to tell you.' He
glowered at the quarrelling sparrows. 'These damned birds. I can
never write that book now, Mr Grant.'

'Why not, Brent?'

'Because it isn't news to anyone. Everyone has known all about those
things all along.'

'Known? About what?'

'About Richard not having killed the boys at all, and all that.'

'They've _known_? Since when!'

'Oh, hundreds and hundreds of years.'

'Pull yourself together, chum. It's only four hundred years altogether
since the thing happened.'

'I know. But it doesn't make any difference. People have known about
Richard's not doing it for hundreds and hundreds--'

'Will you stop that keening and talk sense. When did this--this
rehabilitation first begin?'

'Begin? Oh, at the first available moment.'

'When was that?'

'As soon as the Tudors were gone and it was safe to talk.'

'In Stuart times, you mean?'

'Yes, I suppose--yes. A man Buck wrote a vindication in the seventeenth
century. And Horace Walpole in the eighteenth. And someone called Markham
in the nineteenth.'

'And who in the twentieth?'

'No one that I know of.'

'Then what's wrong with your doing it?'

'But it won't be the same, don't you see. It won't be a great discovery!'
He said it in capitals. A Great Discovery.

Grant smiled at him. 'Oh, come! You can't expect to pick Great
Discoveries off bushes. If you can't be a pioneer what's wrong with
leading a crusade?'

'A crusade?'


'Against what?'


The boy's face lost its blankness. It looked suddenly amused, like
someone who has just seen a joke.

'It's the damnedest silliest name, isn't it!' he remarked.

'If people have been pointing out for three hundred and fifty years that
Richard didn't murder his nephews and a schoolbook can still say, in
words of one syllable and without qualification, that he did, then it
seems to me that Tonypandy has a long lead on you. It's time you got

'But what can _I_ do when people like Walpole and those have failed?'

'There's that old saying about constant water and its effect on stone.'

'Mr Grant, right now I feel an awfully feeble little trickle.'

'You look it, I must say. I've never seen such self-pity. That's no mood
to start bucking the British public in. You'll be giving enough weight
away as it is.'

'Because I've not written a book before, you mean?'

'No, that doesn't matter at all. Most people's first books are their best
anyway; it's the one they wanted most to write. No, I meant that all the
people who've never read a history book since they left school will feel
themselves qualified to pontificate about what you've written. They'll
accuse you of whitewashing Richard; "whitewashing" has a derogatory sound
that "rehabilitation" hasn't, so they'll call it whitewashing. A few will
look up the Britannica, and feel themselves competent to go a little
further in the matter. These will slay you instead of flaying you. And
the serious historians won't even bother to notice you.'

'By God, I'll make them notice me!' Carradine said.

'Come! That sounds a little more like the spirit that won the Empire.'

'We haven't got an Empire,' Carradine reminded him.

'Oh, yes, you have,' Grant said equably. 'The only difference between
ours and yours is that you acquired yours, economically, in the one
latitude, while we got ours in bits all over the world. Had you written
any of the book before the awful knowledge of its unoriginality hit you?'

'Yes, I'd done two chapters.'

'What have you done with them? You haven't thrown them away, have you?'

'No. I nearly did. I nearly threw them in the fire.'

'What stopped you?'

'It was an electric fire.' Carradine stretched out his long legs in a
relaxing movement and began to laugh. 'Brother, I feel better already. I
can't wait to land the British public one in the kisser with a few home
truths. Carradine the First is just raging in my blood.'

'A very virulent fever, it sounds.'

'He was the most ruthless old blaggard that ever felled timber. He
started as a logger and ended up with a Renaissance castle, two yachts,
and a private car. Railroad car, you know. It had green silk curtains
with bobbles on them and inlay woodwork that had to be seen to be
believed. It has been popularly supposed, not least by Carradine the
Third, that the Carradine blood was growing thin. But right now I'm all
Carradine the First. I know just how the old boy felt when he wanted to
buy a particular forest and someone said that he couldn't have it.
Brother, I'm going to town.'

'That's nice,' Grant said, mildly. 'I was looking forward to that
dedication.' He took his writing-pad from the table and held it out.
'I've been doing a policeman's summing-up. Perhaps it may help you when
you come to your peroration.'

Carradine took it and looked at it with respect.

'Tear it off and take it with you. I've finished with it.'

'I suppose in a week or two you'll be too busy with real investigations
to care about a--an academic one,' Carradine said, a little wistfully.

'I'll never enjoy one more than I've enjoyed this,' Grant said, with
truth. He glanced sideways at the portrait which was still propped
against the books. 'I was more dashed than you would believe when you
came in all despondent, and I thought it had come to pieces.' He looked
back at the portrait and said: 'Marta thinks he is a little like Lorenzo
the Magnificent. Her friend James thinks it is the face of a saint. My
surgeon thinks it is the face of a cripple. Sergeant Williams thinks he
looks like a great judge. But I think, perhaps, Matron comes nearest the
heart of the matter.'

'What does she say?'

'She says it is a face full of the most dreadful suffering.'

'Yes. Yes, I suppose it is. And would you wonder, after all.'

'No. No, there was little he was spared. Those last two years of his life
must have happened with the suddenness and weight of an avalanche.
Everything had been going along so nicely. England on an even keel at
last. The civil war fading out of mind, a good firm government to keep
things peaceful and a good brisk trade to keep things prosperous. It must
have seemed a good outlook, looking out from Middleham across
Wensleydale. And in two short years--his wife, his son, and his peace.'

'I know one thing he was spared.'


'The knowledge that his name was to be a hissing and a byword down the

'Yes. That would have been the final heart-break. Do you know what I
personally find _the_ convincing thing in the case for Richard's
innocence of any design for usurpation?'

'No. What?'

'The fact that he had to send for those troops from the North when
Stillington broke his news. If he had had any fore-knowledge of what
Stillington was going to say, or even any plans to concoct a story with
Stillington's help, he would have brought those troops with him. If not
to London then to the Home Counties where they would be handy. That he
had to send urgently first to York and then to his Nevill cousins for men
is proof that Stillington's confession took him entirely unawares.'

'Yes. He came up with his train of gentlemen, expecting to take over the
Regency. He met the news of the Woodville trouble when he came to
Northampton, but that didn't rattle him. He mopped up the Woodville two
thousand and went on to London as if nothing had happened. There was
still nothing but an orthodox Coronation in front of him as far as he
knew. It wasn't until Stillington confessed to the council that he sends
for troops of his own. And he has to send all the way to the North of
England at a critical moment. Yes, you're right, of course. He was taken
aback.' He propped the leg of his spectacles with a forefinger in the old
tentative gesture, and proffered a companion piece. 'Know what I find the
convincing thing in the case for Henry's guilt?'


'The mystery.'


'The mysteriousness. The hush-hush. The hole-and-corner stuff.'

'Because it is in character, you mean?'

'No, no; nothing as subtle as that. Don't you see: Richard had no need of
any mystery; but Henry's whole case depended on the boys' end being
mysterious. No one has ever been able to think up a reason for such a
hole-and-corner method as Richard was supposed to have used. It was a
quite mad way to do it. He couldn't hope to get away with it. Sooner or
later he was going to have to account for the boys not being there. As
far as he knew he had a long reign in front of him. No one has ever been
able to think why he should have chosen so difficult and dangerous a way
when he had so many simpler methods at hand. He had only to have the boys
suffocated, and let them lie in state while the whole of London walked
by and wept over two young things dead before their time of fever. That
is the way he _would_ have done it, too. Goodness, _the whole point_ of
Richard's killing the boys was to prevent any rising in their favour, and
to get any benefit from the murder the fact of their deaths would have to
be made public, and as soon as possible. It would defeat the whole plan
if people didn't _know_ that they were dead. But Henry, now. Henry _had_
to find a way to push them out of sight. Henry _had_ to be mysterious.
Henry _had_ to hide the facts of when and how they died. Henry's _whole
case_ depended on no one's knowing what exactly happened to the boys.'

'It did indeed, Brent; it did indeed,' Grant said, smiling at counsel's
eager young face. 'You ought to be at the Yard, Mr Carradine!'

Brent laughed.

'I'll stick to Tonypandy,' he said. 'I bet there's a lot more of it that
we don't know about. I bet history books are just riddled with it.'

'You'd better take Sir Cuthbert Oliphant with you, by the way.' Grant
took the fat respectable-looking volume from his locker. 'Historians
should be compelled to take a course in psychology before they are
allowed to write.'

'Huh. That wouldn't do anything for them. A man who is interested in what
makes people tick doesn't write history. He writes novels, or becomes an
alienist, or a magistrate--'

'Or a confidence man.'

'Or a confidence man. Or a fortune-teller. A man who understands about
people hasn't any yen to write history. History is toy soldiers.'

'Oh, come. Aren't you being a little severe? It's a very learned and

'Oh, I didn't mean it that way. I mean: it's moving little figures about
on a flat surface. It's half-way to mathematics, when you come to think
about it.'

'Then if it's mathematics they've no right to drag in backstairs gossip,'
Grant said, suddenly vicious. The memory of the sainted More continued to
upset him. He thumbed through the fat respectable Sir Cuthbert in a
farewell review. As he came to the final pages the progress of the paper
from under his thumb slackened, and presently stopped.

'Odd,' he said, 'how willing they are to grant a man the quality of
courage in battle. They have only tradition to go on, and yet not one of
them questions it. Not one of them, in fact, fails to stress it.'

'It was an enemy's tribute,' Carradine reminded him. 'The tradition began
with a ballad written by the other side.'

'Yes. By a man of the Stanleys. "Then a knight to King Richard gan say."
It's here somewhere.' He turned over a leaf or two, until he found what
he was looking for. 'It was "good Sir William Harrington", it seems. The
knight in question.

"There may no man their strokes abide, the Stanleys dints they be so strong
   (the treacherous villains!)
Ye may come back at another tide, methinks ye tarry here too long,
Your horse at your hand is ready, another day you may worship win
And come to reign with royalty, and wear your crown and be our king.
'Nay, give me my battle-axe in my hand, set the crown of England on my head so high.
For by Him that made both sea and land, King of England this day I will die.
One foot I will never flee whilst the breath is my breast within.'
As he said so did it be--if he lost his life he died a King."

'"Set the crown of England on my head";' said Carradine, musing. 'That was
the crown that was found in a hawthorn bush afterwards.'

'Yes. Set aside for plunder probably.'

'I used to picture it one of those high plush things that King George got
crowned in, but it seems it was just a gold circlet.'

'Yes. It could be worn outside the battle helmet.'

'Gosh,' said Carradine with sudden feeling, 'sure would have hated to wear
that crown if I had been Henry! I sure would have hated it!' He was
silent for a little, and then he said: 'Do you know what the town of York
wrote--wrote in their records, you know--about the battle of Bosworth?'


'They wrote: "This day was our good King Richard piteously slain and
murdered; to the great heaviness of this city."'

The chatter of the sparrows was loud in the quiet.

'Hardly the obituary of a hated usurper,' Grant said at last, very dry.

'No,' said Carradine, 'no. "To the great heaviness of this city";' he
repeated slowly, rolling the phrase over in his mind. 'They cared so much
about it that even with a new régime in the offing and the future not to
be guessed at they put down in black and white in the town record their
opinion that it was murder and their sorrow at it.'

'Perhaps they had just heard about the indignities perpetrated on the
King's dead body and were feeling a little sick.'

'Yes. Yes. You don't like to think of a man you've known and admired
flung stripped and dangling across a pony like a dead animal.'

'One wouldn't like to think of even an enemy so. But sensibility is not a
quality that one would look for among the Henry-Morton crowd.'

'Huh. Morton!' said Brent, spitting out the word as if it were a bad
taste. 'No one was "heavy" when Morton died, believe me. Know what the
Chronicler wrote of him? The London one, I mean. He wrote: "In our time
was no man like to be compared with him in all things; albeit that he
lived not without the great disdain and hatred of the Commons of this

Grant turned to look at the portrait which had kept him company through
so many days and nights.

'You know,' he said, 'for all his success and his Cardinal's hat I think
Morton was the loser in that fight with Richard III. In spite of his
defeat and his long traducing, Richard came off the better of these two.
He was loved in his day.'

'That's no bad epitaph,' the boy said soberly.

'No. Not at all a bad epitaph,' Grant said, shutting Oliphant for the
last time. 'Not many men would ask for a better.' He handed over the book
to its owner. 'Few men have earned so much,' he said.

When Carradine had gone Grant began to sort out the things on his table,
preparatory to his homegoing on the morrow. The unread fashionable novels
could go to the hospital library to gladden other hearts than his. But he
would keep the book with the mountain pictures. And he must remember to
give The Amazon back her two history books. He looked them out so that he
could give them to her when she brought in his supper. And he read again,
for the first time since he began his search for the truth about Richard,
the schoolbook tale of his villainy. There it was, in unequivocable black
and white, the infamous story. Without a perhaps or a peradventure.
Without a qualification or a question.

As he was about to shut the senior of the two educators his eye fell on
the beginning of Henry VII's reign, and he read: 'It was the settled and
considered policy of the Tudors to rid themselves of all rivals to the
throne, more especially those heirs of York who remained alive on the
succession of Henry VII. In this they were successful, although it was
left to Henry VIII to get rid of the last of them.'

He stared at this bald announcement. This placid acceptance of wholesale
murder. This simple acknowlegement of a process of family elimination.

Richard III had been credited with the elimination of two nephews, and
his name was a synonym for evil. But Henry VII, whose 'settled and
considered policy' was to eliminate a whole family was regarded as a
shrewd and far-seeing monarch. Not very lovable perhaps, but constructive
and painstaking, and very successful withal.

Grant gave up. History was something that he would never understand.

The values of historians differed so radically from any values with which
he was acquainted that he could never hope to meet them on any common
ground. He would go back to the Yard, where murderers were murderers and
what went for Cox went equally for Box.

He put the two books tidily together and when The Amazon came in with his
mince and stewed prunes he handed them over with a neat little speech of
gratitude. He really was very grateful to The Amazon. If she had not kept
her schoolbooks he might never have started on the road that led to his
knowledge of Richard Plantagenet.

She looked confused by his kindness, and he wondered if he had been such
a bear in his illness that she expected nothing but carping from him. It
was a humiliating thought.

'We'll miss you, you know,' she said, and her big eyes looked as if they
might brim with tears. 'We've grown used to having you here. We've even
got used to _that_.' And she moved an elbow in the direction of the

A thought stirred in him.

'Will you do something for me?' he asked.

'Of course. Anything I can do.'

'Will you take that photograph to the window and look at it in a good
light as long as it takes to count a pulse?'

'Yes, of course, if you want me to. But why?'

'Never mind why. You just do it to please me. I'll time you.'

She took up the portrait and moved into the light of the window.

He watched the second-hand of his watch.

He gave her forty-five seconds and then said: 'Well?' And as there was no
immediate answer he said again: 'Well?'

'Funny,' she said. 'When you look at it for a little it's really quite a
nice face, isn't it?'


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