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Title: Star-begotten
Author: H. G. Wells
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Title: Star-begotten
Author: H. G. Wells

A Biological Fantasia

To my friend Winston Spencer Churchill

1. The Mind of Mr. Joseph Davis Is Greatly Troubled

2. Mr. Joseph Davis Learns about Cosmic Rays

3. Mr. Joseph Davis Wrestles with an Incredible Idea

4. Dr. Holdman Stedding Is Infected with the Idea

5. Professor Ernest Keppel Takes Up the Idea in His Own Peculiar Fashion

6. Opening Phases of the Great Eugenic Research

7. The World Begins to Hear about the Martians

8. How These Star-Begotten People May Presently Get Together

9. Professor Keppel Is Inspired to Foretell the End of Humanity

10. Mr. Joseph Davis Tears Up a Manuscript


The Mind of Mr. Joseph Davis Is Greatly Troubled


This is the story of an idea and how it played about in the minds of a
number of intelligent people.

Whether there was any reality behind this idea it is not the business of
the storyteller to say. The reader must judge for himself. One man
believed it without the shadow of a doubt and he shall be the principal
figure in the story.

Maybe we have not heard the last of this idea. It spread from the talk
of a few people into magazines and the popular press. It had a vogue.
You certainly heard of it at the time though perhaps you have forgotten.
Popular attention waned. Now the thing flickers about in people's minds,
not quite dead and not quite alive, disconnected and ineffective. It is
a queer and almost incredible idea, but yet not absolutely incredible.
It is a bare possibility that this thing is really going on.

This idea arose in the mind of Mr. Joseph Davis, a man of letters, a
sensitive, intelligent, and cultivated man. It came to him when he was
in a state of neurasthenia, when the strangest ideas may invade and find
a lodgment in the mind.


The idea was born, so to speak, one morning in November at the
Planetarium Club,

Yet perhaps before we describe its impact upon Mr. Joseph Davis in the
club smoking-room after lunch, it may be well to tell the reader a few
things about him.

We will begin right at the beginning. He was born just at the turn of
the century and about the vernal equinox. He had come into the world
with a lively and precocious intelligence and his 'quickness' had been
the joy of his mother and his nurses. And, after the manner of our kind,
he had clutched at the world, squinted at it, and then looked straight
at it, got hold of things and put them in his mouth, begun to imitate,
begun to make and then interpret sounds, and so developed his picture of
this strange world in which we live.

His nurse told him things and sang to him; his mother sang to him and
told him things; a nursery governess arrived in due course to tell him
things, and then a governess and a school and lot of people and pictures
and little books in words of one syllable and then normal polysyllabic
books and a large mellifluous parson and various husky small boys and
indeed a great miscellany of people went on telling him things and
telling him things. And so continually, his picture of this world, and
his conception of himself and what he would have to do, and ought to do
and wanted to do, grew clearer.

But it was only very gradually that he began to realize that there was
something about his picture of the universe that perhaps wasn't in the
pictures of the universe of all the people about him. On the whole the
universe they gave him had an air of being real and true and just there
and nothing else. There were, they intimated, good things that were
simply good and bad things that were awful and rude things that you must
never even think of, and there were good people and bad people and
simply splendid people, people you had to like and admire and obey and
people you were against, people who were rich and prosecuted you if you
trespassed and ran over you with motor cars if you did not look out, and
people who were poor and did things for you for small sums, and it was
all quite nice and clear and definite and you went your way amidst it
all circumspectly and happily, laughing not infrequently.

Only--and this was a thing that came to him by such imperceptible
degrees that at no time was he able to get it in such a way that he
could ask questions about it--ever and again there was an effect as
though this sure and certain established world was just in some elusive
manner at this point or that point translucent, translucent and a little
threadbare, and as though something else quite different lay behind it.
It was never transparent. It was commonly, nine days out of ten, a full,
complete universe and then for a moment, for a phase, for a perplexing
interval, it was as if it was a painted screen that hid--What did it

They told him that a God of Eastern Levantine origin, the God of Abraham
(who evidently had a stupendous bosom) and Isaac and Jacob, had made the
whole universe, stars and atoms, from start to finish in six days and
made it wonderfully and perfect, and had set it all going and, after
some necessary ennuis called the Fall and the Flood, had developed
arrangements that were to culminate in the earthly happiness and
security and eternal bliss of our Joseph, which had seemed to him a very
agreeable state of affairs. And farther they had shown him the most
convincing pictures of Adam and Eve and Cain and Abel and had given him
a Noah's Ark to play with and told him simple Bible stories about the
patriarchs and the infant Samuel and Solomon and David and their
remarkable lessons for us, the promise of salvation spreading out from
the Eastern Levant until it covered the world, and he had taken it all
in without flinching because at the time he had no standards of
comparison. Anything might be as true as anything else. Except for the
difference in colour they put him into the world of Green Pastures and
there they trained him to be a simply believing little Anglican.

And yet at the same time he found a book in the house with pictures of
animals that were quite unlike any of the animals that frequented the
Garden of Eden or entered the Ark. And pictures of men of a pithecoid
unpleasant type who had lived, it seemed, long before Adam and Eve were
created. It seemed all sorts of thing had been going on before Adam and
Eve were created, but when he began to develop a curiosity about this
pre-scriptural world and to ask questions about it his current governess
snapped his head off and hid that disconcerting book away. They were
'just antediluvian animals,' she said, and Noah had not troubled to save
them. And when he had remarked that a lot of them could swim, she told
him not to try to be a Mr. Cleverkins.

He did his best not to be Mr. Cleverkins. He did his best to love this
God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as well as fear him (which he did
horribly, more even than he did the gorilla in Wood's Natural History)
and to be overcome with gratitude for the wisdom and beauty of a scheme
of things which first of all damned him to hell-fire before he was born
and then went to what he couldn't help thinking were totally unnecessary
pains on the part of omnipotence to save him. Why should omnipotence do
that? What need He do that? All He had to do was just to say it. He had
made the whole world by just saying it.

Master Joseph did his very best to get his feelings properly adjusted to
the established conception of the universe. And since most of the
scriptures concerned events that were now happily out of date, and since
his mother, his governess, the mellifluous parson, the scripture teacher
at school, and everybody set in authority over him converged in assuring
him that now, at the price of a little faith and conformity, things were
absolutely all right here and hereafter so far as he was concerned, he
did get through some years pretty comfortably. He did not think about it
too much. He put it all away from him--until the subtle alchemy of
growth as he became adolescent sent queer winds of inquiry and
correlation banging open again unsorted cupboards of his brain.

He went to St. Hobart's school and then to Camborne Hall, Oxford. There
is much unreasonable criticism of the English public schools, but it is
indisputable that they do give a sort of education to an elect
percentage of their boys. There was quite a lot of lively discussion at
St. Hobart's in those days, it wasn't one of your mere games-and-cram
schools, and the reaction against the dogmatic materialism of the later
nineteenth century was in full swing there. The head in his sermons and
the staff generally faced up to the fact that there had been Doubt, and
that the boys ought to know about it.

The science master was in a minority of one on the staff and he came up
to St. Hobart's by way of a technical school; the public school spirit
cowed him. St. Hobart's did not ignore science but it despised the
stuff, and all the boys were given some science so that they could see
just what it was like.

Davis because of his mental quickness had specialized in the classical
side; nevertheless he did his minimum of public school science. He burnt
his fingers with hot glass and smashed a number of beakers during a
brief interlude of chemistry, and he thought biology the worst of
stinks. He found the outside of rabbit delightful but the inside made
him sick; it made him physically sick. He acquired a great contempt for
'mere size' and that kept astronomy in its place. And when he came to
grips with doubt, in preparation for confirmation, he realized that he
had been much too crude in feeling uncomfortable about that early Bible
narrative and the scheme of salvation and all the rest of it. As a
matter-of-fact statement it was not perhaps in the coarser sense true,
but that was because of the infirmities of language and the peculiar low
state of Eastern Levantine intelligence and Eastern Levantine moral
ideas when the hour to 'reveal' religion had struck. Great resort had
had to be made for purposes of illustration to symbols, parables, and
inaccurate but edifying stories. People like David and Jacob had been
poor material for demonstration purposes, but that was a point better

The story of creation was symbolical and its failure to correspond with
the succession of life on earth did not matter in the least, the Fall
was symbolical of things too mysterious to explain, and why there had to
be an historical redemption when the historical fall had vanished into
thin air was the sort of thing no competent theologian would dream of
discussing. There it was. Through such matters of faith and doctrine
Joseph Davis was taken at a considerable speed, which left him hustled
and baffled rather than convinced.

But the curious thing about these initiatory explanations was that all
the time another set of ideas at an entirely different level was being
put before him as a complete justification for the uncritical acceptance
of Bible, Church, and Creed. It was being conveyed to him that it really
did not matter what foundations of myth or fantasy the existing system
of Western civilization was built upon; the fact that mattered was that
it was built upon that foundation and that a great ritual of ceremonial
and observance, which might be logically unmeaning, and an elaborate
code of morality, which might ultimately prove to be arbitrary,
nevertheless constituted the co-ordinating fabric of current social life
and that social life could not now go on without them. So that all this
freethinker and rationalist stuff became irrelevant and indeed
contemptibly crude. Reasonable men didn't assert. They didn't deny. They
were thinking and living at a different level. You could no more
reconstruct religion, social usage, political tradition, than you could
replan the human skeleton--which also was open to considerable

That put Joseph Davis in his place. Arguments about the Garden of Eden
and Jonah's Whale passed out of discussion. He was left face to face
with history and society. Christianity and its churches, the monarchy
and political institutions, the social hierarchy, seemed to be regarding
him blandly. It is no good inquiring into our credentials now, they
seemed to say. Here we are. We work. (They seemed to be working then.)
And what other reality is there?

By this time he was at Oxford, talking and thinking occasionally,
pretending to think a lot and believing that he was thinking a lot. The
dualism that had dawned upon him in childhood looked less like being
resolved than ever. The world-that-is no longer contested his
fundamental criticisms, but it challenged him to produce any alternative
world-that-might-be. There it was, the ostensible world, definite,
fundamentally inconsistent maybe, but consistent in texture. An immense
accumulation of falsity and yet a going concern. So things are.

It looked so enduring. He wavered for a time. On one hand was the
brightly lit story of current things, the front-window story, a
mother's-knee story of a world made all for his reception, a world of
guidance, safe government, a plausible social order, institutions beyond
effective challenge, a sure triumph for good behaviour and a clear
definition of right and wrong, of what was done and what was not done,
and against it was no more than a shadow story which was told less by
positive statement than by hints, discords that stirred beneath the
brightness, murmurs from beneath, and vague threats from incidental
jars. That shadow world, that mere criticism of accepted things, had no
place for him, offered him nothing. No shapes appeared there but only
interrogations. The brightly lit story seemed safest, brightest, and
best to his ripening imagination; he did his best to thrust that other
tale down among all sorts of other things, improper and indecent
thoughts for example, that have to be kept under hatches in the mind.

Momentous decisions have to be made by all of us in those three or four
undergraduate years; we take our road, and afterwards there is small
opportunity for a return. Mr. Joseph Davis had a quick mind and a facile
pen and he was already writing, and writing rather well, before he came
down. He chose to write anyhow. His father had left him with a
comfortable income and there was no mercenary urgency upon him. He
elected to write about the braver, more confident aspects of life. He
was for the show. He began to write heartening and stalwart books and to
gird remorselessly at dissidence and doubt. What I write, he said, shall
have banners in it and trumpets and drums. No carping, nothing
subversive. Sociology is going out of fashion. So he committed himself.
He began first with some successful, brave historical romances and
followed up with short histories of this or that gallant interlude in
the record.

King Richard and Saladin was his first book and then he wrote The
Singing Seamen. Then came Smite with Hammer, Smite with Sword, and
after that he ran up and down the human tree, telling of the jolly
adventures of Alexander and Caesar and Jenghiz Khan (The Mighty
Riders) and the Elizabethan pirates and explorers and so on. But as he
had a sound instinct for good writing and an exceptionally sensitive
nature, the more he wrote, the more he read and learned and--which was
the devil of it--thought.

He should not have thought. When he took his side he should, like a
sensible man, have stopped thinking.

Besides which some people criticized him rather penetratingly, and for
an out-and-out champion he was much too attentive to criticism.

He became infected with a certain hesitation about what he was doing.
Perhaps he was undergoing that first subtle deterioration from that
assurance of youth which is called 'growing up’, a phase that may occur
at any age. He wrote with diminishing ease and confidence and let
qualifying shadows creep into his heroic portraits. He would sometimes
admit quite damaging things, and then apologize. He found this enhanced
the solidity of some of his figures, but it cast a shadow on his
forthright style. He told no one of this loss of inner elasticity, but
he worried secretly about it.

Then, courageously but perhaps unwisely, he resolved to make a grand
culminating frontal attack upon the doubt, materialism, and pessimism of
shadowland, in the form of a deliberately romanticized history of
mankind. It was to be a world history justifying the ways of God to man.
It was also to justify his own ways to himself. It was to be a great
parade--a cavalcade of humanity.

For some reason he never made clear to himself, he did not begin at the
creation of the world but on the plain of Shinar. He put the earlier
history into the mouths of retrospective wise old men. From the Tower of
Babel man dispersed about the world.

History regarded with a right-minded instinct has often a superficial
appearance of being only a complicated tangle still awaiting analysis,
and it was not always easy to show Man winning all the time and Right
for ever triumphant against the odds--in the long run, that is. The
Heritage of Mankind, the Promise and the Struggle--that was one of the
tides he was considering--implies a struggle with, among other things,
malignant fact. Fact sometimes can be very obstinate and malignant.

He had got himself into a tangle with the Black Death. He had
started--rashly, he was beginning to realize--upon a chapter dealing
with the ennobling effect of disease, one of three to be called
respectively, Flood, Fire, and Pestilence; and that had led him into
a considerable amount of special reading. He had always been for taking
his own where he found it, and he had been inspired by Paul de Kruif's
Microbe Hunters to annex some of that writer's material, infuse it
with religious devotion, and then extend his discourse to show how
throughout the ages these black visitations, properly regarded, had been
glorious stimulants (happily no longer urgently needed) for the human
soul. But he found the records of exemplary human behaviour during the
Black Death period disconcertingly meagre. The stress was all on the
horror of the time, and when everything was said and done, our species
emerged hardly better in its reactions than a stampede of poisoned rats.
That at any rate was how the confounded records showed things. And this
in spite of his heroic efforts to read between the lines and in spite of
his poetic disposition to supplement research with a little
invention--intuition, let us say, rather than invention. That he knew
was a dangerous disposition. Too much intuition might bring down the
disparagement of some scholarly but unsympathetic pedant upon him, and
all the other fellows would be only too glad to pick it up and repeat

And then suddenly his mind began to slip and slide. He had, he realized,
been overworking and, what is so common an aspect of overwork, he could
not leave off. Overwork had brought worry and sleeplessness in its
train. He would lie awake thinking of the Black Death and the pitiful
behaviour to which tormented humanity can sink. Vivid descriptive
phrases in the old records it would have been healthier to forget,
recurred to him. At first it was only the Black Death that distressed
him and then his faith in human splendour began to collapse more widely.
A cracked handbell heralded an open cart through the streets of
plague-stricken London and once more the people were called upon to
bring out the dead. Something revived his memory of the horror pictures
of Goya in the Prado, and that dragged up the sinister paintings in the
Wiertz Museum in Brussels. That again carried him to the underside in
Napoleon's career and the heaped dead of the Great War. Why write a
Grand Parade of Humanity, asked doubt, when Winwood Reade has already
written The Martyrdom of Man? He found himself criticising his early
book about Alexander the Great, Youth the Conqueror.

He had told that story triumphantly. Now in the black morning hours, it
came back upon him in reverse. Something in his own brain confronted him
and challenged him. Your Alexander, it said, your great Alexander, the
pupil of Aristotle, who was, as you say, the master mind of the world,
was in truth, as you know, just an ill-educated spendthrift. Why do you
try to pervert the facts? By sheer accident--and most history is still a
tale of accidents--he found himself in a rotten, nerveless
self-indulgent world that had no grown men in it able to hold him out
and give him the spanking he deserved, and as luck would have it, he had
the only up-to-date and seasoned army in existence completely at his
disposal. He hadn't made it. It came to him. The fools went where he
told them to go. When you wrote all that stuff about his taking Greek
civilization to Persia and Egypt and India, you were merely giving him
credit for what had happened already. Why? Greek civilization owed
nothing to him. He took advantage of it. He picked it up and smashed it
over the head of poor old Darius. Smashed it--just as these plunging
dictators of today seem likely to smash your poor civilization--nobody
able to gainsay them. He left the Glory that was Greece in fragments,
for the Romans to pick up in their turn. He wasted the Macedonian
cavalry and phalanx, just as our fools today are going to waste
aviation. For no good at all; for no plain result. Alexander was just a
witless accident in an aimless world. And think of his massacres and
lootings and how it fared with the women and children, the common life
of the world. Why did you write this florid stuff about Alexander the
Great? And about Caesar--and about all these other pitiful heroes of
mankind? Why do you keep it up, Joseph? If you did not know better then,
you know better now. Your newspapers should be teaching you. Why do you
pretend that a sort of destiny was unrolling? That it was all leading up
to Anglicanism, cricket, the British Empire, and what not? Why do you go
on with these pretences? These great men of yours never existed. The
human affair is more intricate than that. More touching. Saints are
sinners and philosophers are fools. Religions are rigmaroles. If there
is gold it is still in the quartz. Look reality in the face. Then maybe
something might be done about it.

He got up. He walked about his room.

'But I thought I had settled all this years ago,' he said. 'How can I
get on with Grand Parade of Humanity if I give way to this sort of
thing? Already I have spent nearly a year on this overwhelming book.'

He felt like some ancient hermit assailed by diabolical questionings.
But that ancient hermit would at least have prayed and made the sign of
the cross and got over it.

In his solitude Mr. Joseph Davis tried that. But on his knees he had a
frightful sense of play-acting. He didn't believe there was a hearer. He
didn't believe that any one believes nowadays--not Cantuar, not Ebor,
not the Pope. These old boys eased down on their knees out of habit and
let their minds wander along a neglected familiar lane to nothing in

He got up again with his prayer half said and sat staring at the
situation. Defensor Fidei! He couldn't pray.


But this peculiar feeling of--mental duplicity shall we call it?--this
doubt of himself; this struggle to sustain the clear bright assurance of
his chosen convictions, was not the only strain upon Mr. Davis's
serenity. Several other matters not directly connected with his literary
work were also conspiring to disturb his abnormally sensitive mind.

As he walked down Lower Regent Street from Picadilly Station towards his
club, various discontents, new ones and old ones, threaded their way
round and about each other, each rasping against him and eluding him,
dodging down into the subconscious and giving place to another whenever
he tried to challenge it. The day was grey and overcast and it gave him
no help--was indeed definitely against him. He was inclined to think he
would have been wiser to have put on his medium coat rather than his
thin Burberry, and at the same time he found the air moist and stuffy.

Chief among these accessory troubles was this, that for the first time
in his life he was to become a father. It is an occasion few men face
with absolute calm; it stirs up all sorts of neglected or unexplored
regions of possibility in the mind. No psycho-analyst as yet has
investigated the imaginative undercurrents in the mind of the expectant
father. No one has attempted a review of the onset of parentage in the
male. Here we must confine our attention strictly to the case of Mr.
Joseph Davis. For some time he had been developing a curious vague
perplexity about this wife of his, who was so soon to add the
responsibilities and anxieties of fatherhood to his already febrile
mental activities, and that expectation had greatly intensified this

Here again the subtle sensitiveness of the imaginative temperament came
in. A literary man carries about with him in his head a collection of
edged tools known as his Vocabulary. And sometimes he cuts himself. Two
or three years ago 'enigmatical' had, so to speak, stuck up suddenly and
caught him when he was thinking about his wife. And 'fey.' She was
fifteen years younger than he was, he had married her when she was
scarcely more than a girl, and yet, he had been compelled to realize,
she was enigmatical, extremely enigmatical.

To begin with he had loved her in a simple, straightforward, acquisitive
way and she had seemed to love him. He had not thought about her very
much; he had just loved her as a man loves a woman. Their early married
life, subject to the obvious discretions of our time, had been natural
and happy; she had learned to type for him and they had been inseparable
and all that sort of thing. Then by imperceptible degrees things had
seemed to change. His satisfaction in her clouded over. She had seemed
to disentangle herself from him and draw herself together. More and more
was he aware of a lack of response in her.

And then came the memorable evening when she had remarked: 'I don't know
whether I care for very much more of this sort of thing unless I am
going to have a child.'

This sort of thing! Roses, raptures, whispers, dusk, moonlight,
nightingales, all the love poetry that ever was--this sort of thing!
So that was it!

'You are quite well off,' she said.

As though that mattered....

There had been a certain amount of argument, in which delicacy had
prevailed over explicitness, and then she had carried her point. He had
made it plain to her that whatever reluctance he might have displayed at
first was solely on her account and that now they were embarked together
on a shining adventure. They were to make life 'more abundant.' Once the
proposal was accepted his imagination seemed to bubble offspring. He
buried 'this sort of thing' as deeply as he could under high-piled
flower-beds of philoprogenitive sentiment; he tried his utmost to forget
her strangely inhuman phrase.

Yet after everything was settled, still his uneasiness deepened, still
her detachment seemed to increase.

It seemed to increase. But that was where another queer worry came now
into his mind. Had she always had some or all of this disposition
towards detachment, and had he failed to observe it hitherto? In the
first bright months or so of their married life, when he had looked at
her and she had looked at him their eyes had met upon a common purpose
as if they were smacking hands together. But now it was as if her hand
had become a phantom hand that his own hand went right through, and his
gaze seemed always just to miss meeting her deep regard. Her dark eyes
had become inaccessible. 'Unfathomable' the vocabulary threw up. She
scrutinized him and revealed nothing. Husbands and wives ought to become
more easy with each other, more familiar, as life goes on, but she was
increasingly aloof.

The majority of discontented husbands, the burden of comic literature,
proverbial wisdom, testify to the terrors of a talkative wife, but
indeed these terrors are nothing to those of a silent woman, a silent
thoughtful woman. A scolding wife can say endless disconcerting things
and she hits or misses, but a silent woman says everything.

Always nowadays she seemed to be thinking him over. And his morbidly
sensitive self-consciousness filled her silences with criticisms against
which he had no defence.

When he had married her, a young, dark, shy girl, he had radiated
protective possession all over her. It would have seemed impossible then
that he should ever feel--it is a strange word to use about a wife and
as we use it here we use it in its most sublimated and attentuated
sense, but the word is--fear. Latterly his uneasiness with his wife and
about his wife had increased almost to the quality of that emotion.

Of course he had always realized that there was something subtly unusual
about her, even about her appearance. But at first he had found that
simply attractive. She was neither big nor clumsy but she was broadly
built; her brow was broad and her dark grey eyes were unusually wide
apart; the corners of her full mouth drooped gravely and at times she
had a way of moving that was, so to speak, absentminded, preoccupied. At
first he had valued all this as 'distinction’, but later he had come
rather to think of her as 'unusual’. She was far more unusual than the
faint foreignness of her Scotch origin and the slow deliberation of her
speech justified her in being.

He had never liked her people, which was odd because he had hardly seen
anything of them. She had come into his world, as it seemed at first,
romantically. He had met her at a publisher's cocktail party, she had
been invited there rather for her ambitions than her performance, and
she had told him then that her people lived in the Outer Hebrides and
that they opposed her wish to study and write. She had just spoken of
them as 'people'. She had won scholarships at a Glasgow high school. She
had got to the university and so worked her way to London in defiance of
them. She had written poetry, she told him, and she wanted to see it

But London, she said, wasn't quite what she had expected it to be.
London astonished, frightened, and stimulated her, and kept on seeming
stranger and stranger. She was not growing accustomed to it. People were
always saying and doing the most unaccountable things.

'At times,' she said, 'I feel like a stray from another world. But then,
you know, I felt very much the same when I was at home in the islands
where I was born. Have you ever had that feeling? All you people here
seem so sure of your world and of yourselves.'

It was when she said this that the idea of guiding this quiet, unsure,
and lovely young stranger to all the braveries of life entered the head
of Mr. Joseph Davis. It was so exceptional to meet an intelligent young
woman who seemed unsure of herself and who was willing to be taught and
hadn't already, in an irrational hurry to begin, taken the braveries of
life to herself in her own fashion. It was not so much a candid inviting
white virginity as an elusive elfin one she had. Here, he thought, was
something fine and unformed to mould and shape and write flourishes

He went about thinking of her more and more, with all those exploratory
impulses aroused in him which constitute falling in love. He was soon
completely in love with her.

When he offered to read some of her verse, she said she didn't want it
read, she just wanted to see it in print and read it herself. When at
last he saw it he liked it. It was like a missionary's translations from
the Chinese; mostly vivid little word pictures. From the point of view
of publication and running the gauntlet of all these modern poets and
reviewers who cut you up with one hand and cut you out with the other,
he did not think it likely to be successful. But it had nevertheless a
curious simplicity, a curious directness and a faint wistful flavour.

He learnt that she was living in a student's hostel in Bloomsbury, he
established contacts with her and he was able to take her about very
freely. Perhaps at one time he had thought simply of becoming her first
lover, but she had an unobtrusive defensiveness that marriage was the
only way to her.

Two rawboned fishermen in bonnets and broadcloth suddenly appeared in
London to 'take a look at him' when the marriage was mooted. They were
the most astonishing and unexpected 'people' for her to produce. They
had her dark colouring and dark grey eyes like hers, but otherwise they
were singularly unlike her. Brawny they were. They had none of her
manifest fineness and restraint.

'You'll have to take great care of her,' they told him, 'for she's been
the treasure of our eyes. She's better than we and we know it. Why we
ever let her persuade us that she had to come on to London is more than
we can explain, but the mischief's been done and you've got her.'

'She's lovely. You're telling me that?' said Davis, and the elder
brother, darkly reproachful, said: 'Aye. We're telling you.'

They stayed in London until the wedding, and entertaining them was a
little like making hay with seaweed. They seemed to keep on looking at
him and passing Hebridean judgments on him. They were full of unspoken

He would say things to them and they would say: 'Eh'--just 'Eh.' Not an
interrogative 'Eh?' but an ambiguous acknowledgment.

They got drunk in a dutiful, dubious, and melancholy way for the
registry office, and the last he saw of them was on the platform at
Victoria when he carried her off to show her the wonders of Paris. They
were standing together grave and distrustful, not gesticulating nor
waving good-bye but each holding up a great red hand as who should say:
'We're here.'

And when at last the curve hid them and he pulled up the carriage window
and turned to her to meet the love-light in her eyes she said to him:
'And now you are going to show me the real world and all those cities
and lakes and mountains where at last we shall feel at home.'

Only she never did seem to feel at home.

She never talked about this family of hers to him, after the transit of
these two samples, and she corresponded with them with an infrequent
regularity. She never gave him any reason to suppose she cared very much
for them. But the fact which presently became apparent, that, unlike
him, she was a good sailor and loved wind and rough seas, seemed to link
her to them rather than to him. Many husbands have objected to their
wives' relations because they were too near, but he found he objected to
hers because they were too remote. And also she loved mountains and
crags and precipitous places. He didn't. They climbed the Matterhorn at
great expense, he gave more trouble to the guides than she did, and at
the summit she seemed to be pleased but still gravely looking for more.

Once on holiday in Cornwall they had been basking together on the beach
after lunch and suddenly her pose, as she sat thinking, reminded him of
a picture he had seen somewhere of Undine, La Motte Fouques Undine,
sweet and detached, looking across the far levels of the sea, lost in
some unimaginable reverie. Undine too had had some uncouth and menacing
brothers. That was when the fancy of her as a sort of changeling, as
something ultra-terrestrial and not quite human first came to him. That
was when 'fey' came out of the vocabulary.

This Undine suggestion hung about for months. First he let this
exaggeration of her faint unearthliness play mischievously in his mind,
and then he tried to restrain and banish it. Sometimes he tried to
persuade himself that every man's wife is really an Undine, but he could
never make really convincing observations in that matter. Maybe, he
thought, you never get near enough to any woman but your own wife to
appreciate her remoteness.

A multitude of possibly quite accidental divergences grouped themselves
about that 'fey'.

He spun the thread of that word's suggestion into a web about her. It
swept aside the one worse alternative that conceivably she was just
simple and lacking in aesthetic enterprise. At first that 'fey' was a
fantastic exaggeration and then it became more and more an observation,
an explanation for her undeniable detachment from so much that excited
and stirred him, and from so much that he believed ought to excite and
stir anybody. That struggle of his ideals with a dark underworld of
doubts, which made it urgent for him to keep thinking, feeling,
appreciating--like an urgent skater over thin ice and a cold abyss of
disbelief--had no counterpart. She could keep still and remain content
in her convictions, in something deep--whatever it was that she knew and
did not communicate.

There was no malice in her detachment from him. He could have understood
malice better. He had seen mutual jealousy and mutual detraction often
enough among his married friends. The better the artists the worse the
lovers. He understood that fight for individual assertion which makes
love a legendary unreality, a blend of fantasy and grossness, in the
world of the intelligentsia. But this was not the assertion of an
individuality; it was a complete indifference to his values. It was a
foreignness--to the whole world.

Whenever Mr. Davis had a slump in his vitality he realized this widening
estrangement from his wife more acutely. The lower the ebb the intenser
the realization. And this day his realization was exceptionally vivid

This very morning she had made a remark that stirred him to a protest he
abandoned in despair. There was to be a big concert at the Pantechnicon
Hall with Rodhammer conducting. He was enthusiastic for going. She did
not want to go.

He argued against her disinclination. 'You used to like music.'

'But I have heard music, dearest.'

'Heard music! My dear, what a queer way to put things!'

She shook her head from side to side without speaking. There was a time
when the self-assurance of her faint smile had seemed very lovely to
him. Mona Lisa and all that, but now it irritated him with a sense of
invincible and unapproachable opposition.

'But you've only heard Rodhammer once before!'

'Why should I want to hear Rodhammer again--a little better or not so

'But music!'

'There's a limit to music,' she said.

'A limit!'

'I've a feeling that I've done with music. It was wonderful, charming,
sustaining, all that music we went to hear--to begin with. I loved that
as much as I've loved anything. But if one has taken music in--hasn't
one taken it in?'

'Taken it in! You mean--?' he tried.

'I mean you don't always want to be sitting down to attend to it after
you've heard--what there is to it. We aren't--professional.'

Professional! When she did use words she used them in a very deadly
fashion. 'I never tire of music,' he said.

'But does the sort of music there is say anything--does it say anything

'It's eternally fresh.'


He made a hopeless gesture. 'But why have you become indifferent?'

'But why are you still so enthusiastic?'

'But don't you get--something wonderful? An exaltation? A world of
absolute sensuous emotion?'

'No--I did at first. A sort of exaltation. I agree. And still I
like--rhythm. It's pleasant to hear music going on, but it's no longer
something I want to listen to especially. Going to hear music in
concerts seems to me like going to see pictures in galleries ... Or
reading anthologies.... Or looking over a collection of butterflies in a
museum.... A time comes....'

'Then, in short, you won't go to the concert?'

'I feel a little tired but I will go if you like.'

'Oh! not like that,' he said and ended their talk.

But he went over it again in his own mind and now he was going over it
once more. He knew people to whom music meant much and people to whom
music meant little, but to take up music as Mary had, in a spirit of
glad discovery, and then to put it down again as one might put down an
unimportant novel, distressed his mind. But that was how she seemed to
deal with everything in life. Even with friendship, even with love, she
had that same flash of interest, that rapid appreciation, and then she
turned away. To what?

He spoke aloud, addressing Lower Regent Street: 'You can't afford to
give up music like that. You can't afford to give up art.'

And what he did not say because he could not bring himself to say it,
was: 'And how can you afford to give up love?'

When the child comes, will she give up that?

Or will she go on loving the child. Leaving me behind? My part played?

The eternal going on! This complete instability of values! ...

Could it fail to distress a man who was in effect a professor of stable


And here we must note another rather unusual element in the mélange of
Mr. Davis's troubles, a queer little thing that would have mattered
nothing to a less imaginative man, but which was to thread through all
the train of thought upon which he was presently to embark. It was a
very slender thread indeed, a matter so irrational and ridiculous that
it seems almost unfair to him to mention it. And yet it certainly played
a slight deflecting role in guiding him to the strange idea. It cannot
therefore be ignored altogether.

Since his school days he had had a secret detestation of his own
Christian name. Facetious upper-school boys had made it plain that there
was a shadow on it Neither in the Old Testament nor in the New, is the
name of Joseph adorned with that halo of triumphant virility which is
the desire of every young male. He had struggled to insist that he
should always be called 'Jo’. But the mortifying realization that he was
a 'Joseph' damped his private meditations.

There was not the faintest circumstance to justify any marital
uneasiness on his part. No one sane could have entertained a suspicion
of his Mary's integrity--nor did he, in the foreground of his mind. And
yet, he would have been happier under a different name.

So it was.


Such were the ruling factors in the weak hotchpotch of thoughts and
half-thoughts, fancies, suggestions, dream scraps, and almost completely
unsymbolized feelings that circled in his mind on his way to the
pillared portals of the Planetarium Club and his first encounter with
this strange idea that was destined to stab through his imagination like
a dagger and work a revolution in his life.


Mr. Joseph Davis Learns about Cosmic Rays


The Planetarium Club abounds in unexpected conversations. It has a core
of scientific men who are mostly devotees of the exact sciences, grave,
shy, precise men, but wrapped round them are layers of biologists,
engineers, explorers, civil servants, patent lawyers, criminologists,
writers, even an artist or so. Almost any subject may be started in the
smoking-room where most of the talk goes on, but the feeling against
chewed newspaper is strong. Mr. Davis, as he ascended the club steps,
made an effort to throw off those vague shadows that oppressed his mind,
and to brighten his bearing to the quality that may be reasonably
expected of a temperamental optimist.

But as he recrossed the hall from the vestiary to the dining-room he was
still undecided whether he should sit at one of the small tables and go
on with his state of uneasy deterioration, or take a place at one of the
sociable boards. He elected for solitude, but repented as soon as his
decision was made, and after his solitary lunch he made a real effort at
sociability and joined a talking circle of a dozen men or more between
the window and the fire, sitting down next to Foxfield, that hairy,
untidy biologist, for whom he had a slightly condescending liking. The
talk was rather under the stress of a new member, a parliamentary
barrister, who might be almost anything in a few years' time and
manifestly felt as much. This man had been elected before it was
realized that he was slightly larger than any one else in the club and
disposed to behave accordingly, and his conversational method was rather
an elucidatory cross-examination than an original contribution to the

'Tell me,' he would say and even point a finger. 'I don't know
anything about these things. Tell me--'

'Tell me,' except in the case of monarchs, heirs apparent, and
presidents of the United States, is by the standards of the Planetarium
atrocious conversational manners. But so far no one in the club had been
able to get this point of view over to the new-comer. It would happen
sooner or later but so far it had not happened. He was talking now with
an air of making out some sort of case against modern physics and
demonstrating how entirely more sensible and practical a mind which had
passed through the ennobling exercises of Greats and a straightforward
legal and political training could be.

'Atoms and force were good enough for Lucretius and they were good
enough for my stinks master when I was a boy. Then suddenly you have to
disturb all that. There's wonderful discoveries, and the air is full of
electrons and neutrons and positons.'

'Positrons,' a voice corrected.

'It's all the same to us. Positrons. And photons and protons and
deutrons. Alpha rays and Beta rays and Gamma rays and X rays and Y rays.
And they fly about like solar systems and all the rest of it. And the
dear old Universe that used to be fixed and stable begins to expand and
contract--like God playing a concertina. Tell me--frankly. I suggest to
you--it's a bluff. It's something out of nothing. It's just a way of
selling us mystery bottles with scientific labels. I ask you.'

He paused with the air of a man who has put a poser.

A small, elderly, but still acutely acid old gentleman was sitting deep
in one of the armchairs. The finger had not challenged him, but now he
put out a lean hand and spoke with a thin penetrating voice, like a
rapier, with the faint glint of a Scotch accent along the edge.

'You say Tell me--and Tell me. Will you have the grace to listen while I
tell ye? And not interrupt?'

And when the slightly outsize member made as if he had something further
to say, the old gentleman just raised his hand and said: 'No. Listen,
I tell ye, and told you shall be.'

The rising man, just faintly abashed, assumed an attitude of sceptical
and slightly impatient intelligence, looking round the group for support
in what he evidently imagined was going to be a duel of wits. Just for a
moment he imagined that. And then suddenly he felt like facing twelve
implacably hostile jurymen and the first lesson of the Planetarium Club
entered into his soul. Not to bounce.

Quietly and unobtrusively he allowed himself to lapse into the pose of
the modest best boy in the class who knows that he still has much to
learn and who cannot command any one to tell him but is glad to be told.

'These things boil down,' said the old gentleman. 'I've lectured about
them for years. And followed the changes. When one gets old one has to
be concise and it's fortunate I've had some practice in packing my
statements. Still I'll have to take five minutes. I'll do all I can for
you. Those Oxford teachers of yours--for it's Oxford you come
from--probably left your mathematical philosophy in a worst state than
they found it when you came up from your English public school--if
indeed your formula-dodging schoolmasters gave you any mathematical
understanding at all even there--so I may not be able to explain
everything to you. Some bits I'll just have to tell you--as you put it.
But it's really quite simple and credible stuff they've made of it in
the last twenty-five years, Rutherford and Bragg and Niels Bohr and the
rest of those fellows, and the younger people find no difficulty about
it at all.'

And with that and a galling air of careful simplification he proceeded
to unfold a compact modern view of space and time and the movements of
things therein. 'Don't ask me what electricity is,' he said, 'and I'll
tell you everything else as we have it up to date. It's none so
complicated as you think and there's never a contradiction.'

And very neatly he took his nucleus, twisted up his atoms with electrons
and neutrons round the central proton, and sent them eddying into a
world of throbbing photons. Then he ran his hand along the sixty-odd
octaves of the spectrum from the hundred-yard electro-magnetic
undulations beyond the longest radio length through heat rays and light
rays to X rays and Gamma rays, smacked a few atoms together, shot them
through with helium atoms, and described the results, and by way of
epilogue gave a lucid word to those flying sub-atomies, the cosmic rays.

'After all, it's none so confused,' he said, and indeed the pictures
that arose as one listened to his slightly remonstrating, very
persuasive Scotch intonation had the music of ripples and wavelets, of
dancing reflections upon the side of a ship, of the concentric colour
rings of films on water, of every sort of pleasant patterning and
logical ornamentation. He made dead matter dance and circle, set to
partners, interfere, shimmer, glow, become iridescent and mysteriously
endowed with energy. The atoms of our fathers seemed by contrast like a
game of marbles abandoned in a corner of a muddy playground on a wet
day. He even had a cautious word for the young neutrinos, the latest
aspirants to his dance in the atomic assembly-rooms. The one or two men
who were experts in the subject listened, pleased to hear the A B C of
their subject so lucidly delivered, and the rest were glad to check up
their vague impressions of these fluctuating modern conceptions.

'And where do we come in?' asked someone. 'Where is thought and the soul
in all this?'

'Just a film, just a thin zone of reflection halfway in the scale of
size between those electrons and the stars.'


Davis followed that compact discourse in a mood of unusual
self-forgetfulness. It was, he found, as refreshing as good drink, and
as little likely to linger in the system. And even the new member
betrayed a certain humility in his attention.

But he still felt it was his duty to himself to talk.

'Those cosmic rays of yours,' he said. 'They are the most difficult part
of your story. They aren't radiations. They aren't protons. What are
they? They go sleeting through the universe incessantly, day and night,
going from nowhere to nowhere. For the life of me I find that hard to

'They must come from somewhere,' said a quiet little man with an air of
producing a very special contribution to the discussion.

'We note their existence,' said the old gentleman. 'We watch them but we
draw no premature conclusions. They are infinitesimal particles flying
at an inconceivable velocity. They come from all directions of outer
space. And that's as much as we know about them. If I put out my finger
like that for a second or so, there's only just a dozen or so gone
through it in a second. And no harm done. Which is just as well. There's
more up above us in the outer atmosphere. But fortunately they get
reflected and absorbed. You know we have a sort of filtering halo about
the earth, a sort of cloak of electrons, which keeps off any excess of
these radiations.'

'That Heaviside layer,' a stout rufous man, who had apparently been
asleep, interpolated.

'And what may that be?' asked the barrister.

'It's a beautiful sample of scientific terminology,' said the stout
rufous man still somnolently. 'This Heaviside layer, so far as I can
understand it, is called so, because firstly it isn't heavy, secondly it
hasn't any side, and thirdly it is almost as much a layer as--as a
rheumatic chill or a glow of indignation. Go on, Professor.'

His eyes, which had been partly open, closed again.

'You said,' said the examining barrister, 'that fortunately they are
kept off. Why--fortunately? May I ask?'

'My thankfulness may have been a little unwarranted,' said the old
gentleman. 'But these cosmic rays have a lot of energy, considering
their size. They knock atoms about when they hit them. And we and our
belongings are made of atoms. A lot of them, a great lot of them, a real
douche of cosmic rays, might cause all sorts of tissue diseases, blow up
mines, strike the matches in our pockets. But as it is they don't often
hit even one atom--quantitatively they're more ineffective even than
that infinitesimal quantity of radiation that is always coming up from
the radium in the earth; and so Nature is able to clean up any little
speck of mess that occurs.'

'Not always,' said Foxfield suddenly.

'I've heard of that idea you're alluding to, Mr. Foxfield,' said the old
gentleman. 'You mean that idea about the chromosomes.'

'Now tell me,' said the barrister, relapsing for a moment. 'I've heard
somewhere before of this idea you're speaking of. I'm told these cosmic
rays affect--what is it you call them?--mutations.'

'I have no doubt of it,' said Foxfield.

'You'll find no physicist to encourage you,' said the old gentleman.

'Or contradict me,' said Foxfield.

'Aye, aye,' said the old gentleman cheerfully. 'It's a case of not

'But what is this?' asked Davis. 'Do you mean that these--these cosmic
rays may affect heredity--inheritance?'

'I should be inclined to say they must,' said Foxfield.

'But why them in particular?' asked the barrister.

'Because we have eliminated almost every other possible cause for
changes in the chromosomes.'

'It's a most extraordinary thing,' said the rufous man, slowly waking up
and passing by swift stages from sleepiness to a bright alertness.

'The chromosomes,' said Foxfield, 'the germinal elements, have very
complicated and enormous molecules. They are rather elaborately
protected from most types of disturbance. They have a sort of
independence of the parent body. They go their way alone.'

'Transmission of acquired characteristics strictly forbidden,' someone

'It seems to be. But the X rays, the Gamma rays, and particularly these
cosmic rays can get through, and so, I reason, they must get through--to
start something fresh. Since something fresh is always being started.'

And now it was Foxfield's turn to answer intelligent questions and give
a brief lecture.

He summarized the new realizations of the past twenty-five years about
mutations and survival almost as expertly as the old professor had
elucidated his atoms. He showed how the changing of species bit by bit,
by imperceptible gradations, which the early Darwinians had stressed,
had given place in modern evolutionary theory to a realization of the
frequency of extensive simultaneous sports and mutations. And there was
nothing in the circumstances of an animal species which could explain
these sports and mutations. And so it was that Foxfield was compelled to
think they were produced by some penetrating exterior force.

'But why not Providence?' asked the quiet man.

'Because the vast majority of these mutations are aimless and useless,'
said Foxfield.

'And so, having eliminated everything else,' said the barrister, 'you
lay the burden of change and mutation--and in fact all the
responsibility for evolution--on those little cosmic rays! Countless
myriads fly by and miss. Then one hits--Ping! Ping!--and we get a
double-headed calf or a superman.'

'What an unsettled universe it is!' said someone.


And then suddenly the rufous man was touched by fantasy. His sleepiness
had fallen from him altogether. He sat up brightly now. 'Look here!' he
said. 'I've got an idea! Suppose--'

He paused. He produced that 'suppose' like a juicy fruit and hovered
with his hand in the air for a voluptuous moment before he squeezed the
juice from it.

'Suppose these cosmic rays come from Mars!'

'They come, I tell ye, from every direction,' said the old professor.

'Including Mars. Yes, Mars, that wizened elder brother of the planet
Earth. Mars, where intelligent life has gone far beyond anything this
planet has ever known. Mars, the planet which is being frozen out,
exhausted, done for. Some of you may have read a book called The War of
the Worlds--I forget who wrote it--Jules Verne, Conan Doyle, one of
those fellows. But it told how the Martians invaded the world, wanted to
colonize it, and exterminate mankind. Hopeless attempt! They couldn't
stand the different atmospheric pressure, they couldn't stand the
difference in gravitation; bacteria finished them up. Hopeless from the
start. The only impossible thing in the story was to imagine that the
Martians would be fools enough to try anything of the sort. But--'

He held up his hand and wagged his fingers with pleasure at his idea.

'Suppose they say up there: "Let's start varying and modifying life on
the earth. Let's change it. Let's get at the human character and the
human brain and make it Martian-minded. Let's stop having children on
this rusty little old planet of ours, and let's change men until they
become in effect our children. Let's get spiritual children there."
D'you see? Martian minds in seasoned terrestrial bodies.'

'And so they start firing away at us with these cosmic rays!'

'And presently,' said the rufous man, almost gobbling with the
excitement of his idea, 'presently when they have got the world

'I never heard such nonsense,' said the old professor and got up to go
away. 'I tell ye these cosmic rays come from every direction.'

'And why shouldn't they use a sort of shrapnel?' said the rufous man to
his retreating back. 'Shells full of these cosmic rays, so to speak,
with a back-lash. Nothing impossible in that, is there?'

The old professor's back made no reply. And yet it had a certain

'They'd probably begin with wild mutations,' somebody suggested after a
pause; 'and then get more accurate.'

'It may have been going on for a long time,' said the quiet man, helpful
as ever.

'You're assuming of course that they know a lot more about us than we
know about them,' said the rising barrister.

'And isn't that easily possible?' the rufous man countered. 'Mars is the
older planet. Far beyond us along the line of evolution. What we know is
nothing to what they must know. They may be as able to look through us
as we are to take a microscope and look through an amoeba. And when they
have got the world Martianized, when they've started a race here with
minds like their own and yet with bodies fit for earth, when they have
practically interbred with us and ousted our strain, then they'll
begin to send along their treasures, their apparatus--grafting their
life on ours. Making men into their heirs and their continuations. Eh?
Am I talking nonsense, Foxfield? Am I talking nonsense?'

'The jokes of today may become the facts of tomorrow,' said Foxfield.
'Nonsense pro tem, let us say.'

'I'm beginning to believe my own story,' said the rufous man. 'With your
endorsement. It's wonderful.'

'But tell me,' said the lawyer, also a little excited by this strange
idea, 'is there any evidence in confirmation? Any evidence at all? For
example--has there been any increase of freaks and monsters in the world
in the last few years?'

'It's only recently that there has been any attempt to give a
statistical account of abnormalities and mutations,' said Foxfield.
'Monstrosities are hushed up--human monstrosities particularly. Even
animal-breeders have a sort of shame about them, and wild creatures kill
strange offspring instinctively. Every living creature seems to want to
breed true. But from the fruitfly and plants and so on we know there is
an amount of variation going on--much larger than everyday people

'Mostly unfavourable variation though?' asked the barrister.

'Ninety-nine and nine-tenths per cent,' said Foxfield. 'With no survival
value at all. Chance. Like the wildest experimenting....'


Now this was the last kind of stuff to which an anxious prospective
parent on the verge of neurasthenia ought to have listened.

And yet is it not out of accidents and disasters and fantastic twists of
the mind that the greatest discoveries of science and the profoundest
revelation of Nature's processes have come? Things long unsuspected may
be laid bare by a jest. The jokes of today may become the facts of
tomorrow, even as Foxfield had said.

As Mr. Joseph Davis walked home from the Planetarium Club he seemed to
hear and see those cosmic rays, flashing like tracer bullets, singing
like arrows, gleaming and vanishing like falling stars, through the
world about him. You might wrap yourself from them, the old professor
had remarked, in solid lead, and still they got through to you.


Mr. Joseph Davis Wrestles with an Incredible Idea


It is an open question how freely an obstetrician should talk to the
husband of his patient. Dr. Holdman Stedding erred perhaps on the
communicative side. It may be he should have realized more promptly that
Mr. Joseph Davis was troubled in his imagination, and he should have
exercised more care than he did in avoiding topics that might intensify
his imaginative disturbance. Yet it may be pleaded in extenuation that
it was Mr. Davis who started the subject of these mysterious
extra-terrestrial radiations and that it was Dr. Holdman Stedding who
was taken by surprise with a novel idea. He too had his imaginative
side. He liked novel ideas and there was just that streak of scientific
curiosity and communicativeness in him which impairs discretion.

He was a stout, large-faced, warmish-blond man, always a little out of
breath and always with a faint flavour of surprise in his expression.
And he liked to be made to laugh. His mouth was always just a little
open, as if ready to laugh. But he knew his work marvellously well; he
had strong and skilful hands and he never got flurried.

Davis had called on him before. He had wanted to have an exact account
of the health of his wife, Was she strong enough to bear a child? She
was as strong, said Dr. Holdman Stedding, 'as a young pony.'

The way in which Davis beat about that idea that things were not quite
right with his wife gave the good doctor a queer feeling that a less
reassuring reply would have been more acceptable. For obscure
reasons--sub-reasons rather--it seemed that Davis did not want this

Like every practising obstetrician Dr. Holdman Stedding knew all the
faint intimations of a tentative to abortion, and knew how to nip any
such suggestion in the bud. Panic before fatherhood is a more frequent
thing than the lay mind realizes. It is constantly peeping out in these
consultations. Davis, if such had been his disposition, had departed
unsatisfied. But here he was again.

'I suppose everything is going all right with Mary?' he asked, advancing
uneasily into the consulting-room.

'Couldn't be better.'

'You made a second examination?'

'At your request. It was unnecessary.'

'There is nothing unusual....?' Mr. Davis rephrased his question. 'The
child, the embryo, so far as you can ascertain, is not different in any
way from any other child at the same stage?'

'It is coming on well. There is absolutely no ground for worry.'

'And the mother--physically and mentally. You are sure she can stand
this? Because you know, say what you like, she is not a normal woman.'

'Do sit down,' said the doctor, recapturing the hearth-rug by putting
his visitor into a chair, and then standing over him. 'Don't you think,
Mr. Davis, that you are--just a trifle fanciful about your wife?'

'Well,' said Davis, sticking to his point, 'is she normal?'

‘Few women in her condition remain as sane and healthy as she is. If that
is abnormal. Her mind like her body is as sound as a bell.'

'You don't think a woman can be too sane? I confess, Dr. Stedding, I
don't always understand my wife. There is a sort of hard scepticism in
her mind ... You don't think a woman can be too intelligent to make a
good mother?'

'Really, Mr. Davis! What's fretting your mind? With her clearheadedness
and your literary genius your child may be something quite outstanding.'

'And that is what bothers me. The fact of it is, Doctor, I've been
hearing talk lately.... I don't know if you know Foxfield and his
work.... I take a scientific interest in this as well as a personal
one.... The point is--'


He kept the doctor waiting for a moment.

'The point is, do you, with your experience, think that latterly--how
shall I put it?--exceptional children have become rather more frequent
than they used to be?'

'Exceptional? Gifted?'

'Yes, gifted. In some cases perhaps. And also--what shall I

'H'm!' said the doctor. He was interested. He attempted a brief survey
of his experience. 'There are some rather surprising children and
youngsters about. But I suppose something of that sort has always been
going on.'

'To the same extent?' pressed Davis. 'To the same extent?'

'Possibly not. It is very hard to say. Naturally in this part of London
and with a clientele like mine, we have exceptional parents. My
impression, my unchecked and uncontrolled impression, is that, in the
world I know, maternal mortality is extremely low and the infants
are--bright is the word. Some with biggish heads. But anything in the
way--of out-of-the-way novelties, no. If you are worrying about
monstrosities--you need not worry. And exceptionally bright children are
nothing to worry about. The Caesarean operation is probably more
frequent nowadays.... That may be due rather to improved gynaecology
than to any increase in mutations....'


'I would like to talk to you rather fantastically,' said Davis abruptly.
'It's not only my wife I am thinking about. Don't think I'm mad in what
I am saying to you, but just think I am letting my imagination out for a

'Nothing better,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding, who like most medical
practitioners nowadays had a disposition towards a rather amateurish
psycho-analysis. 'Say what you like. Let it rip.'

'Well,' said Mr. Davis, and hesitated at the strangeness and difficulty
of the ideas he had to explain. 'Biologists--I was talking to Foxfield
the other day--biologists say that when a species comes to a difficult
phase in its struggle for existence--and I suppose no one can say that
is not fairly true of the human situation nowadays--there is an
increased disposition to vary. There is--how did Foxfield put it?--for
one thing, there is less insistence on the normal. Less insistence on
the normal. It is as if the species began to try round and feel for new

'Ye-es,' said the doctor, with non-committal encouragement in his tone.

'And as if it became more capable of accepting abnormalities and weaving
them into its destinies.'

'Yes,' said the doctor, weighing the proposition. 'That is in accordance
with current ideas.'

'As an industrious student of history,' began Mr. Davis. 'You know I
have written one or two books?'

'Who does not? My two nephews got your Alexander, or Youth the
Conqueror and your Story of the Spanish Main as prizes last term, and
I can assure you I read them myself with great delight.'

'Well. It seems to me that for ages human life has been playing much the
same tune with variations--but much the same tune. What we call human
nature. The general behaviour, the normal system of reactions, has been
the same. The old, old story. Abnormal people have been kept in their
places. You don't think, Doctor, that that uniformity of human
experience is going to be disturbed?'

'I wish you would explain a little more.'

'Suppose there are--Martians.'


'Suppose there are beings, real material beings like ourselves, in
another planet, but far wiser, more intelligent, much more highly
developed. Suppose they are able to see us and know about us--as we know
about the creatures under a microscope, which have no suspicion of
us.... Mind you, this isn't my idea. I'm only repeating something I
heard in the club. But suppose that in some way these older, wiser,
greater, and better organized intelligences are able to influence human


'They may have tried all sorts of ways. They may have been experimenting
for ages. Much as we might run a reagent into a microscope slide. The
amoebae and so on would have no idea....'

'If you are thinking of anything like inter-planetary telepathy,
anything of that sort, I'm not with you. Even between closely similar
minds, between identical twins for example, I doubt if such a thing is
possible.... I detest telepathy.'

'This is quite a different idea.'


'Suppose that for the last few thousand years they have been
experimenting in human genetics. Suppose they have been trying to alter
mankind in some way, through the human genes.'

'But how?'

'You have heard of cosmic rays, Doctor?'

The doctor took it in with some deliberation. 'It is a quite fantastic
idea,' he said after a pause.

'But neither impossible nor incredible.'

'Some things one puts outside the range of practical possibility.'

'And some things refuse to be put outside the range of practical

'But you don't mean to tell me you believe--?'

'No. But I face a possibility with an open mind.'

'Which is?'

'That these Martians--'

'But we don't know there are any Martians!'

'We don't know that there aren't.'


'Quite possibly these rays do not come from Mars--more probably than
not. But--let us call the senders--'


'Well, whatever originates them. Let us call them Martians--just to
avoid inventing a new name--'

'Very well. And your suggestion is--?'

'That these Martians have been firing away with increasing accuracy and
effectiveness at our chromosomes--perhaps for long ages. That is the
story, the fancy if you like, that I want in some way to put to the
test. Every now and then in history, strange exceptional figures have
appeared, Confucius, Buddha; men with strange memories, men with uncanny
mathematical gifts, men with unaccountable intuitions. Mostly they have
been persons in advance of their times, as we say, and out of step with
their times.... Do you see what I am driving at, Doctor?'

'But this is the purest fantasy!'

'Or the realization of a fantastic fact.'



Dr. Holdman Stedding wavered in his mind. Ought he to let this talk run
on or close down on it forthwith?

At least half the disordered minds of the present time, he reflected,
develop delusions about radiations. That kind of fancy has largely
replaced those spiritual visions and inner voices which supplied the
demented with crazy interpretations of their perplexities in the past.
It was dangerous stuff, and the mind of Davis, to say the least of it,
was very delicately poised. And yet there was something faintly
plausible--a sort of fairy-tale plausibility--about this idea that
caught the unprofessional elements of the doctor's imagination. He went
on taking the idea seriously.

'What sort of confirmation is possible?' he considered.

'That is where the puzzle comes in. That is why I am consulting you.'

'You think that if one attempted some sort of examination of human
births, past and present--it would of course be very hard to get any
adequate records about this sort of thing--one might be able to

'That we are being played upon.'

'But you don't believe--?'

'Not a bit of it. Oh, no! I didn't come here to be certified. I am
advancing a certain hypothesis. I am being purely scientific in my
method. I advance a provisional theory that a certain thing is going on.
And, mind you, if anything of the sort is going on, it is of great--of
supreme--importance to our race. And having made our trial assumption, we
try and work out what would be some of the logical consequences of this
process of extra-terrestrial influence, if my theory proves to hold
good. Is it possible to detect non-human characteristics, superhuman
characteristics perhaps, in some of the children born nowadays, and are
these non-human characteristics on the increase? Are there people--what
shall I call them?--fey people about? People as sane as you and I and
yet strange? We can try them with special intelligence tests perhaps. We
can go into the reports of educational institutions. So far I have not
planned the lay-out of this investigation. It is all quite new in my
mind. But isn't it a legitimate inquiry? I ask you.'

'You will need genius for that lay-out.'

'Every original research needs that. But my theory I think is plain. My
theory is that new influences are being brought to bear on human
reproduction. For the purposes of our research I call the source of
these influences--Martians. If my suspicions are confirmed, these
Martians--for purposes at which we can only guess--are thrusting
mutations upon us. They are planning human mutations. So that presently
our very children may not prove to be our own!'

As Mr. Davis said these last words, a full realization of the
indiscretion of this talk dawned upon Dr. Holdman Stedding.

'But that is going too far!' he cried. 'That is going much too far. We
are talking--we are amusing ourselves--with pseudo-scientific nonsense.'

Mr. Davis perceived quite clearly whal was in his interlocutor's mind.
'It is too late, Doctor, to say that to me. This notion has bitten me. I
mean to devote myself to this investigation; I feel called to it; and I
want you to interest yourself in it also. If there is one chance in a
million of this suspicion being true, then it demands attention. Even on
a chance so bare as that we ought to get watchers and searchers,
planetary coast-guards, so to speak, at work. We have to specify and
measure and determine the nature of this inflow and herd it back upon
itself before it is too late.'

'H'm,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding, regarding his queer visitor with an
expression of infinite perplexity.

'I am under no delusions,' said Mr. Davis. 'I agree I am talking about
something almost absolutely improbable. Let me make it clear to you that
I am perfectly clear upon that. I am skirting the giddy edge of utter
impossibility. Well and good. But sometimes there are intuitions. How
many discoveries have flashed forth at first as the wildest of surmises?
It may be circumstances have conspired to point my mind in a certain
direction. Never mind about that. I myself do not feel that this is an
impossibility. Just simply that--not an absolute impossibility. No more.
That is where I stand.'


Dr. Holdman Stedding Is Infected with the Idea


Dr. Holdman Stedding lay awake that night thinking about the state of
mind of Mr. Davis and about the queer idea of a genetic invasion of
Martian qualities that he had propounded. There was something
provocative about the idea; something that made his intelligence bristle
defensively. 'Pure balderdash!' he said aloud, but as a matter of fact
what made it so irritating was that it was not pure balderdash. There
was an attenuated but not unbreakable thread of silly plausibility about
the suggestion that prevented him from throwing it altogether out of his
mind. He threw words like 'balderdash' at it as one might throw stones
at a dog that persists in following one, and presently there was the
damned thing back again.

'If it should chance that something of the sort was going on....'

He found himself asking himself whether there was any sort of evidence
that some new type or perhaps even new types of human being were
appearing in the world. Can there be such things as Martianized minds?
'Silly phrase,' he said. 'But somehow a contagious phrase.'

He ran his mind over its collection of facts about the subject. He knew
most of what was known and he realized that, for the purpose of getting
a conclusive answer, it amounted to hardly anything at all. He reviewed
the question methodically. The most confident statements, he reflected,
are made that man has not changed since Neolithic times, that he has
degenerated since the days of Pericles, that he is larger or smaller,
healthier, less healthy, than his ancestors, that he has become finer
and subtler or anything else that suits the private convictions, stated
or implicit, of the 'authority' who flings out this sort of stuff to the
public. When you came to think it oyer as he was doing, it was all
without exception opinionated rubbish. No one has yet devised the means
of getting the confused and irregular records available into any sort of
order. No one has been able to do that work. People like J. B. S.
Haldane and suchlike pioneer biologists were trying to form a research
society now. Even the men most in contact with the facts have nothing
better than 'impressions' and 'persuasions,' and some, thought Dr.
Holdman Stedding with righteous self-applause, know that that is so, and
some do not let their prejudices rip. Dr. Holdman Stedding's private and
unproven 'impression' was just the impression most favourable to Mr.
Davis's wild surmise. His unproven belief was that a considerable change
in the human mind was going on. He thought that heavy and clumsy types
were not so abundant in the population as they used to be and that
certain new mental types were on the increase.

'But what has that to do with Martians and cosmic rays?' his common
sense protested, and his common sense answered: 'Nothing.'

After which he continued to pursue the subject.


Such discursive nocturnal meditations as Dr. Holdman Stedding was now
committed to, combine the advantage that they cover a wide ground and
find the most diverse evidence in their excursions, with the
disadvantage that they sometimes lose their way altogether and never
return to the main issue. For a time the doctor's train of thought was
in danger of the latter fate. He wandered into a labyrinth of
possibility about the peculiar scepticism of the contemporary mind and
the perplexing obduracies and wilfulnesses of so many of the rising
generation. He knew more about the ideas of his hospital students than
most of his colleagues, and sometimes they filled him with hope and
sometimes they terrified him. Like all youth since our race began, most
of them were sheep and went whither they were told or led, but for all
that it was quite conceivable that the proportion of independent and
wilful minds was higher than it had ever been before.

The stiff, troublesome fellows were the interesting ones.

He passed to the marked increase of effctive medical research and from
that to the general inventiveness of our age. Inventiveness had never
been so manifest as it was today. For more than a century it had been
increasing. Directly you said a thing could not possibly be done, there
it was--done. Yet so far no one had suggested that this must be due to
the release of new mental types. It might be.

He felt that he would like to have another talk with Davis about the
whole matter. Where had Davis got his evidently very strong belief that
there were new and strange types appearing in the world? Could he know
of anything that a leading obstetrician of wide scientific reading was
not likely to know? The trouble about talking to Davis was the doctor's
persuasion--possibly an exaggerated one--that mentally he was not too
safely balanced. It would be unwise to 'encourage' him, if he was in
fact drifting towards a delusion. And then abruptly Dr. Holdman Stedding
remembered something.

'His wife!'

Several times Davis had practically asserted that his wife was strange,
odd, exceptional. Dr. Holdman Stedding tried to recall the exact words
but he found he could not do so. But that manifest disturbance at the
advent of a child was bound up with that.

'If he's beginning to think his wife is one of these Martianized people
...! I wonder what a fellow of that sort might not do.... What was it he
said? Something about our very children not proving to be our own?'

Dr. Holdman Stedding spent some time that night trying to recall every
particular he could of both these people. She was very quiet in her
manner, observant, sane. If she was exceptional mentally it was because
she was exceptionally sane. She moved easily and gracefully, as one does
who has no conflicting nervous impulses. She did so even in her present
condition; she was being one of the calmest and most competent patients
he had ever known. 'If she's Martianized,' reflected the doctor, 'then
the sooner we all get Martianized the better.'

But then, he considered, he had not seen her a dozen times altogether
and there might be qualities in her of which he knew nothing, to account
for her husband's attitude, for that faintly distrustful insecurity
about her.

The doctor speculated about the relations of the Davis couple for a
while. He liked her and he found something slightly antipathetic about
her husband. The man's quick, incalculable, and ill-adjusted mental
movements made him uncomfortable. No doubt his literary gifts were
considerable, but like so many of these literary people he had much more
control over himself upon paper than in real life. He must be a great
trial to her and she ought to be protected, now at any rate, from his
possible eccentricities. The doctor felt that something ought to be done
about it, and began thinking of possible things that might or might not
be done, until it occurred to him that it was through this sort of
breach in impartiality that unprofessional conduct may enter into the
life of a practitioner.


In the morning he wrote a very carefully considered letter to Davis
which he marked 'Private' and addressed to the Planetarium Club.

It was a long and repetitious letter. It beat about the bush too much to
be quoted in full here, but the gist of it was a warning not to give way
to a 'fantasy-suggestion'. 'These little imaginative ideas one takes
into one's mind are like those insidious creatures the medieval doctors
used to talk about, little things that seem nothing at all, that leap
into your mouth before you know where you are and grow into monsters
inside your brain and devour your sanity.' No human mind, the doctor
declared, was sufficiently balanced as yet to resist the disturbance of
a too persistently cherished idea. That was why nearly everyone who
investigated 'psychic phenomena' or 'telepathy' or 'astrology' or
'chiromancy' or the tarot cards presently began to find there was
'something in it'. Mr. Davis was to think no more about it, distract his
mind, take up chess, play golf on new courses, before this obsession
really gripped his mind. You are standing on the brink of a long mental
slide at the bottom of which is delusional insanity. I write plainly to
you, because you are still a perfectly sane man.'


He knows--he knows as well as I do,' said Mr. Joseph Davis. 'But he's
afraid to go on with it....

'I want to go on with it. But how I am to do that I don't know.
Watch.... And meanwhile these cosmic rays fly noiselessly about me--the
arrows of the Martians--and by a birth here and a birth there--humanity


Professor Ernest Keppel Takes up the Idea in his Own Peculiar Fashion


Now Dr. Holdman Stedding had a great friend and crony, a bachelor like
himself and a queer imaginative talker, Professor Ernest Keppel. He was
nominally professor of philosophy, but latterly he had engaged more and
more in psycho-therapy. He was accused of psychologizing his philosophy
away into a descriptive science and he was a frequent and formidable
controversialist, more often in hot water than not.

He was a dark, scarred, halting man. He had been scarred by the
explosion of a hidden mine in the German trenches during the September
advance in 1918. The scar ran as a dark red suture from the middle of
his forehead across the left brow, where an overhanging exostosis thrust
his eye into a deep and sinister cavern. Moreover, the explosion had
stiffened the joint of his forearm, injured his pelvis, and left him
lame. Before that he must have been very animated and attractive indeed.
But his mutilation had left a curious bitterness in his nature. He
understood why he was bitter; he did his best not to be bitter, but
taking thought about it could not make him sweet. He was over-sensitive
to the effect of his scar when he met new people; his incurable delusion
that he was repulsive made him abrupt and rude, more particularly with
women, and perhaps he exaggerated the delights of the normal experiences
from which he felt he was shut off. He was prosperous and he lived well,
and his energy and persistence in research and speculation were making a
great reputation for him.

The doctor found his company extremely stimulating. He was accustomed to
bring new ideas to him and toast them, so to speak, in front of his
glowing mind. Indeed he hardly ever took an idea to himself and
assimilated it until he had warmed it up first before Professor Keppel.
And now accordingly he took advantage of a lunch engagement to bring up
the matter of the Martians. They often arranged by telephone to lunch
together, because Keppel's place was so much nearer than clubland.

'I was talking to a lunatic yesterday,' said the doctor, 'and he
broached a most remarkable idea.'

He sketched Mr. Davis's alleged discovery in a tone of appreciative
scepticism as lunch went on.

'It's nonsense,' he concluded.

'It's nonsense,' Professor Keppel agreed. 'But--'

'Exactly! But--'

'But--' repeated Keppel and waved the hand of his inferior arm
stiffly, while his trim parlourmaid stood at his elbow with the

A certain brightness appeared in his overhung eye. His expression became

Dr. Holdman Stedding waited.

'The interesting point,' said Professor Keppel, helping himself to his
Gruyere a la Roi Alphonse, 'the interesting point is, as you say, that
we do in fact know nothing about what human modification may be going on
at the present time. Nothing. Demographic science has hardly begun to be
a precise science--much less an exact science. Our social statistics are
extravagently clumsy. (A) We don't know what to count or measure and (B)
we haven't an idea how to measure it. It is quite possible that new
human types may be appearing in the world, or that once rare types may
be increasing in number relatively. More geniuses--more aberrant gifts.
And the queer thing is that, when this lunatic comes to you and starts
this idea in your head, you don't say Pish or Tush and just turn it
down; you begin to have a vague sense that somehow you have felt
something--you hardly know what.'

'That's it.'

'And when you bring it to me (Do try this savoury. Don't pass it. I got
the recipe from Martinez at that Spanish restaurant in Swallow Street) I
begin to have the same feeling.'


'One's imagination wants to play with it. It's as attractive as a hare's
foot to a kitten. Suppose, Keppel, suppose--for the sake of a
talk--there are Martians.'

'Let's suppose it. I'm more than willing.'

'What sort of minds would they have and what would they think of our
minds and what might they not try to make of them?'

'Regarded as an exercise in speculative general psychology? That's

'As a speculative exercise then.'

'Exactly. You know that man Olaf Stapledon has already tried something
of the sort in a book called Last and First Men. Some day we shall
certainly have to come to a general psychology independent of the human
type, just as now these young men in the Society of Experimental Biology
are getting away from the highly specialized peculiarities of human
physiology towards a general physiological science. Now away there in
Mars, as any astronomer will tell you, there are all the conditions
necessary for a sort of life similar, if not identically similar, to
life upon earth, the same elements--air, water, a temperature range not
widely different. The probabilities are in favour of there having been a
parallel--a roughly parallel evolution. Parallel but in some ways
different. The gravitational energy, atmospheric pressure, and suchlike
things are different and that would mean differences in lightness,
vigour, and size. Martian plants and animals would probably run much
bigger. Much bigger.'

'I forget the relative masses of the two planets,' said the doctor.

'I forget too. Roughly it's something like eight to one--perhaps a bit
more. So the Martian, if he had a human form, would be twice as tall and
eight times our weight. A bigger, longer-lived creature. Assuming--

'No. It's not wild assumption. The odds are in favour that there are
or have been growths, detachments, moving feeling things, in existence
on that planet. This is bold speculation, Holdman Stedding, I admit, but
it isn't extravaganza.'

'Go on. But you wouldn't dare to talk to your students like this.'

'Possibly not. How far would the evolution of life, if it had an
independent start elsewhere under slightly but not essentially different
conditions, run parallel to the evolution of life on earth?'

'The same tune, I suppose, with variations.'.

'It is difficult to imagine anything else. There would be plants--I
think green plants--and animals. The animals would run about as
individuals and have senses, something like ours--perhaps very like
ours. They might see more colours than we do, for example, have a longer
or shorter range of sound, subtler feelers in the place of our hands.
Probably Nature has tried out all the possible senses on earth here. But
not all the possible shapes and patterns. Anyhow these Martians would
respond to stimuli; they would have reflexes; they would condition their
reflexes. I believe if we could call up the spirit of dear old Pavlov,
we should find him agreeing with us, that the chances are heavily in
favour of any possible minds there being minds fundamentally like ours.'

'But with a longer past.'

'Yes, Mars was cool long before earth was. A longer past, a hotter
summer and a harder winter--the year of Mars is twice the length of
ours--a larger body and a larger brain. With more room for
memories--more and better memories--and more space for ideas, more and
better ideas. And so the problem comes down to this. What sort of mind
would a man have if he had a longer ancestry, an ampler memory, a less
hurried Life?'

'I accept all that as just possible,' said the doctor.

'It is certainly where the weight of probability lies. Now all these
pseudo-scientific story-writers who write about Mars make their Martians
monsters and horrors, inhuman in the bad sense, cruel. Why should they
be anything of the sort? Why,' repeated Professor Keppel, taking coffee,
'why should they be anything of the sort?'

'Quite nice monsters?'

'Why not?'

'Well, the German professor evolved his idea of a camel from his inner
consciousness; why shouldn't we do the same with our Martians?'

'Having regard to the facts. Why not?'

Dr. Holdman Stedding looked at his watch.

'Not till you've smoked one of those pennant-shaped Coronas you like,'
said Keppel, 'and just a whiff of brandy. Because, confound it! you
started this talk, you've interested me, and you've got to hear it out.
If there is such a thing as a Martian, rest assured, Holdman Stedding,
he's humanity's big brother.'

'Big in every way you think. A super-super man.'

'Good anyhow.'

'Beyond good and evil.'

'Everything alive must have its good and evil. Beyond our good and evil
anyhow. None the worse for that perhaps. No; if you talk of your lunatic
again, you can at least dispel any fear he has of his Martians. The odds
are they are not so much invading us as acting as a sort of
inter-planetary tutor. Bless my heart! At the mere thought I feel a sort
of benevolent influence.'

'No,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding, emitting a smoke jet with the
appreciative expression of a cigar advertisement in Punch and weighing
the possibilities of the case with luxurious deliberation. 'It's your


'She's a very good cook,' Professor Keppel admitted. 'But about these
Martians. We are letting our fancy play too wildly about them. Let's
leave them for a bit. There's another point your patient has raised
that's quite available for separate treatment. Practically another
question. There may or may not be these sane and mature watchers over
human destiny, these Celestial Uncles, these friends in the mdnight sky,
but what does seem to be possible and even within our reach is this
idea, that the species Homo sapiens, because of some possible increase
or change in the direction of the cosmic rays, or from some other
unknown cause, is starting to mutate, and mutate along some such line as
that larger wisdom indicates.'

'Some sort of large wisdom,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding, 'a purely
hypothetical wisdom.'

'You are very precise,' said Professor Keppel. 'But anyhow that is what
we want to know. Is there such a biological movement going on? Is there
any means of tracing it if it is going on? The real feeling at the back
of both our minds is that, if there is not something of the sort going
on, then this breed of pretentious, self-protective imbeciles--'

'Poor Homo sapiens!' murmured the doctor. 'How he catches it

'Is very near the end of its tether. It's no good pretending you
disagree with that. Haven't all reasonable civilized men nowadays this
feeling of being dilettantes on a sinking ship? We all want a break
towards something better in the way of living. Hopes and our wishes
speak together. And it may be--as we half hope. But how are we to test
this idea? How are we to set about the investigation?'

'Without making everyone think we have gone crazy?'


'Nietzsche?' hazarded the doctor. 'Are these his supermen we are
thinking about?'

'He brings too much Oriental bric-à-brac for my taste,' said Keppel.
'And so far as I can make out, he has at least two different meanings
for that Ubermensch of his. On the one hand is a biologically better
sort of man and on the other a sort of aggregate synthetic being like
Hobbes's Leviathan. You never know how to take him. Let's rule Nietzsche
out. Let us just follow up this question whether there is an increase
in--what shall I call them?--high-grade intellectual types.'

The doctor helped himself with infinite restraint and discretion to just
the merest splash more brandy. 'I think, Keppel, there may be a possible
way to set this note of interrogation working.'

'We have our reputations to consider.'

'We have our reputations to consider, but quite possibly this
fellow--well, to commit a very slight indiscretion--it is Mr. Joseph
Davis, the man who writes those extremely popular, those florid--shall
I say?--those almost too glorifying glosses, so to speak, on
history--might do something for us in this respect. His writings, his
association with what one might call the more romantic aspects of the
human record, his almost strained belief in the faith, hope, and glory
of our species, put him, I think, in a position to ask questions....'

'Joseph Davis,' considered Keppel. 'The man who wrote From Agincourt to
Trafalgar? Him! You got this idea about the Martians from him!'

'I told him to think no more about it.'

'But he will?'

'He will. He wants to think about it. He wants to follow this up.
He--something has shaken him up. I can't make up my mind whether he is
going mad or going sane. But if I give him half a hint, he'll be off on
the scent of these Martians now like a dog after a rabbit'


Opening Phases of the Great Eugenic Research


'Now here, now there,' whispered Mr. Davis to himself as he stood on the
doorstep of the headmaster of Gorpel School and looked at the
headmaster's trim but beautiful garden.

It was six months later and high summer and he was the father of an
extremely healthy but extremely intelligent-looking child. And the
belief that he had discovered that the most wonderful event in the
history of our planet was now happening had entered into and become part
of his being.

Ostensibly he had come to Gorpel to lecture on 'The Grandeur That Was
Rome,' but really he had come to look that interesting collection of
boys over and talk to the headmaster about any mentally (or even
physically) exceptional lads who might have attracted his attention.
Nothing was to be said about Martians, cosmic rays, or anything of that
sort. It was to be put before the headmaster as a mild little inquiry
into the prospects of the 'odd' type of boy.

It was Dr. Holdman Stedding who had suggested this line of inquiry to
him. Really the excellent doctor wanted this material collected to feed
the whimsical and nine-tenths sceptical curiosity of Keppel and himself,
but he had succeeded in persuading himself that it was absolutely the
best treatment for Davis's mental worries that his imaginative vagaries
should be steadied and assuaged by a methodical exploration of what
might quite possibly prove to be illuminating facts. This brought with
it a certain sense of benevolence, because Davis was not his patient
under treatment, paid no fees. It was indeed simply helping the man as
one man helps another.

Davis at this stage was looking for mental abnormalities--on the upward
side. He was getting whatever could be got from prison governors,
educational authorities, schools of every sort where there was close
contact between teachers and pupils, even from army instructors,
institutions for defectives, lunatic asylums--and making a general
report and a digest of his results. A number of facts not generally
known was emerging from these inquiries. The proportion of children of
the calculating-boy and musical-prodigy-type seemed to be increasing
quite markedly; finer muscular adjustment was in a very conspicuous way
ousting mere beef from athleticism; critical obduracy at quite an early
age was far more in evidence than it had ever been before.

Possibly Davis, like many investigators, was disposed to find what he
looked for. Dr. Holdman Stedding fancied he could allow for that.

What Dr. Holdman Stedding did not allow for were the practical effects
of these preoccupations upon an author's normal activities. Like most
men of sound professional standing he thought authors did their work
outside time and space and occupied their normal hours in the pursuit of
royalties and publicity and in making speeches on irrelevant topics to
unnecessary societies. But Joseph Davis had been engaged upon a great
constellation of books, which were to give history, ennobled and
illuminated, to the common man. He had schemed that as what he called
his 'life task'. That task was now beginning to look like a modern
cathedral under construction when some new heresy breaks out among the
more opulent faithful and funds run short. Sometimes for six or seven
days not a line was added.

Meanwhile every day it grew plainer to Davis that this theory, which had
at first seemed even to him a fantastic hypothesis, was real and true. A
new quality of human being was being inserted into the fabric of human
life, 'one here, one there'.

It was hard not to talk about it. It was hard to have to keep up the
pretence of making a mere respectable inquiry as trivial and pointless
as--let us say--a research thesis in pedagogics for an American
university. He went about the world to social gatherings, to assemblies
and theatres and restaurants; he mingled in crowds, he watched people's
unsuspecting faces, and now the thought was always in his mind: If only
they knew!

If only they knew what the Martians were doing to them!

At first his attitude had been one of stark antagonism to this Martian
intrusion. He had something more than an ordinary man's instinctive
loyalty to race and kind. He had superimposed a mental habit. He had
made himself a champion of that ancient and venerable normal life of
humanity, unaltered through the ages--except now and then through the
providential punishment of some transitory heresy--the simple, old,
beautiful story of childhood, learning, love, industry, parentage,
honour, and the easy passage to a venerable old age and a brightly
hopeful death. It was a story at once earthly, in the best, the honest
pious peasant sense, and profoundly spiritual. This life, age after age,
had been set in a stimulating round of seedtime and harvest, cold and
heat, thirst and hunger, reasonable desires and modest satisfactions. Of
such stuff was history woven, and across this sound, enduring fabric
were embroidered the great historical figures, in a bright opera-drama
as glad in quality as an illuminated missal. History told of their
conquests, triumphs, glories, heroisms, of heart-stirring tragedies and
lovely sacrifices. They were all far greater than life-size--like the
monarchs and gods in an Assyrian relief--the common people ran about
beneath their feet according to the best historical traditions. So it
had been. So it would go on until at last the Almighty commanded the
curtain to ring down and called the actors forward from their various
retiring-rooms, to receive appropriate rewards.

Such was the picture of the world and its promise that he had been
working to realize, overworking to realize, when this fantastic and
distracting suspicion of a Martian intervention first came to him. It
was as if the vast canvas on which he had been working with such
resolution had suddenly cracked across and betrayed his light and shade,
his heights and depths, as the completest unreality.

Now--and here there seems to have been some gap in his logical
process--he felt that the Martians would certainly be against all these
fine things for which he struggled. Why, one may ask, should the
Martians be against them? Why should they be by necessity spoilers of so
rich and noble a fabric? But he had his full share of that infirmity of
our impatient minds which makes us leap naturally to the conclusion that
what is not uncritically on our side and subject to our ideas is against
us. At the onset of a strange way of living we bristle like dogs at the
sight of a strange animal. He hated these Martians as soon as he though
of them. He could not imagine their interference with our nice world
could be anything but devastating.

His motive to begin with, therefore, was an altogether uncomplicated
desire to detect, expose, and repel an insidious and dreadful attack
upon this dear and happy human life we all enjoy so greatly and
relinquish so reluctantly. These Martians presented themselves to him as
the blackest of threats to all those convictions that make life worth
living upon earth. Indisputably they must be inhuman, whatever else they
are. That went without saying. To be inhuman implied to him, as to most
of us, malignant cruelty; it seemed impossible that it could mean
anything else. (And yet this is a world where lots of us live upon terms
of sentimental indulgence towards cats, dogs, monkeys, horses, cows, and
suchlike unhuman creatures, help them in a myriad simple troubles; and
attribute the most charming reactions to them!)

Among other things it seemed to him unquestionably that the drive of
these so elaborately aimed cosmic missiles among our chromosomes would
be to increase the intellectual power of the Martianized individuals
very greatly. There seemed to be no alternative to that conclusion. And
for some very deep-seated reason in his make-up, it was an intolerable
thought for him that there should appear any class of creature on earth
intellectually above his own, unless they were profoundly inferior to
him morally, and so repulsive and ugly as practically to reverse the
handicap against him. They had to be ugly in motive and action. There
had to be that compensation at least. This idea of their ugliness
followed the idea of their intelligence with such an air of necessity
that it was some weeks before he began even to suspect that the two
ideas might be separated.

At first he pictured a Martian as something hunched together, like an
octopus, tentacular, saturated with evil poisons, oozing unpleasant
juices, a gigantic leathery bladder of hate. The smell, he thought,
would be terrible. And those indirect offspring who were to be so foully
disseminated upon earth, were bound, he imagined, to be not simply
intelligent in a hard unsympathetic way but in some manner disfigured
and disgusting. They would be bound to have turnip heads,
bladder-of-lard crania, shortsighted eyes, horrible little faces, long
detestable hands, unathletic and possibly crippled bodies....

Yet struggling desperately against this trend were certain vague
apprehensions about his wife and child.


There was an extraordinary division in his mind at this time. Two
cognate currents of suspicion ran side by side and would not mingle.

His wife was at once associated with and separated from his general line
of thought. If, for instance, Dr. Holdman Stedding had asked him
outright: 'Do you think your wife is one of these people who have been
touched in their natal phase by the magic of the cosmic vibrations?' he
would have answered at once with almost perfect honesty that these
Martian speculations of his had absolutely nothing to do with her. But
he would not have answered the question calmly; he would have had a
touch of defensive indignation in his voice. And it was not a question
he would have asked himself. It was a question he could not have asked
himself; there was some barrier against that.

He was resisting a very obvious impulse to complete the link of
association and fear that linked his long-standing sense of some
strangeness about his wife, with this Martian idea. The two lines of
suggestion were in reality connected and consecutive, but by some
self-protective necessity he would not see that his extreme readiness to
accept the suggestion of a Martian influx had any direct relation to his
long-incubated sense of the elfin quality of his wife. They were groups
of ideas in different spheres.

But these spheres, of which the Martian one was not spinning so busily,
were drawing closer and closer together in his mind. Within a measurable
time they were bound to collide, to coalesce into one common whirlpool,
which might be a very tumbled whirlpool indeed. Then he would be bound
to face the realization that had already projected itself in his words
to the doctor: 'So that presently our very children may not prove to be
our own.'

This intimation, breaking through his resistances, evoked first the
dread of an abnormal child, prematurely wise, macrocephalic, with
dreadful tentacular hands.... So his essential humanity presented the
thing. If the thing was a monster, what should he do?

He thought of doing some very dreadful things.

Such nightmare ideas haunted him more and more distressingly until the
birth of his child. The immediate advent of that event filled him with
almost uncontrollable terror. By an immense effort he concealed it and
behaved himself.

He was amazed--even Dr. Holdman Stedding was amazed--to have the young
man brought into the world after a labour of less than an hour. No
monstrous struggle. No frightful crisis. No Caesarean operation.

'Is he--is he all right?' he asked incredulous.

'Fit as a fiddle,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding almost boisterously.
Because he had found something contagious in the father's uneasiness.

'No malformations? No strangeness?'

'On my honour, Mr. Davis, you don't deserve such a child! You don't.
When they've done a little washing you shall see it. I'm not often
enthusiastic. I've seen too many of 'em.'

And it looked indeed a perfect little creature. When they put it into
his parental arms a great wave of instinctive tenderness surged up in
the heart of Joseph Davis. Like endless fathers in his position before
him, he was overcome by the wonderful fact that the creature's little
hands had perfact nails and fingers.

Why had he ever been afraid?

'I feel I'd like to see her,' he said.

'Not just yet. A little while yet. Though she's doing splendidly.'
Whereupon Dr. Holdman Stedding said a slightly unfortunate thing:
'There's not a painted Madonna in all the world with a lovelier bambino
than hers.'

Mr. Joseph Davis's expression became thoughtful.

Silently he handed back his precious burden to the hovering nurse.

He was minded to go out and not to see Mary for a time.

Then by a great effort he overcame this impulse and stayed indoors in
his study downstairs, and presently he was taken in to her, and when he
saw her, tired but flushed and triumphant, with the child laid close to
her, some long-standing restraint seemed to break between them and he
called her his darling and knelt down beside her, weeping.

'Dear Joe!' she said, and her hand crept out and ruffled his hair
gently. 'Queer Joe!'


After that his ideas about the quality of the Martians' influences and
purposes began to change. After all, the two streams of realization came
together in his mind gently and naturally, and he felt with the
completest assurance and with no lingering trace of horror that both his
wife and his child belonged to this new order of human beings that was
appearing upon the planet.

After that it was that his researches, which at the beginning had been
directed mainly to Poor Law institutions for defective and malformed
children, asylums, wonder children, and the more grotesque arcana of
gynaecology, turned rather to schools and universities and the
ascertainable characteristics of exceptional and gifted people. He
passed from a hunt for monsters to an investigation of outstanding
endowment, to the detection and analysis of what is called genius in
every field of human activity. He brooded over the picture riddles of
Durer, he read the notebooks of Leonard. He found a new interest in
symbolic art and in whatever moody and inexplicable decoration from
remote times and places came to his attention. Were these enigmas like
cries in the dark, the struggling intimations of novel reactions and
novel attitudes on the part of Martian pioneers towards the customs and
traditions of our world?

He had never told any one, least of all would he have told Dr. Holdman
Stedding, that dreams about Martians were becoming rather frequent with
him. They were extremely consistent dreams or at least they were
pervaded with a sense of consistency. These dream-Martians were no
longer repulsive creatures, grotesques and caricatures, and yet their
visible appearance was not human. They had steadfast, dark eyes, very
widely separated, and their mouths were still and resolute. Their broad
brows and round heads made him think of the smooth wise-looking heads of
seals and cats, and he could not distinguish clearly whether they had
shadowy hands and arms or tentacles. There was always a lens-like effect
about his vision, as though he saw them through the eyepiece of some
huge optical instrument. Ripples passed across the lens and increased
the indistinctness, and ever and again flickering bunches of what he
assumed were cosmic rays exploded from nothingness across the picture
and flashed out radiating to the periphery and vanished. He felt that
his dreams were taking him into a world where our ideas of form and
process, of space and time, are no longer valid. In his dreams it was
not as if he went across space to Mars, it was as if a veil became

Once or twice in the daytime he had tried to make sketches of these
watchers, but their physical forms had always eluded his pencil. He had
never been able to draw very well, but also he had a feeling that even
for a skilled artist there would have been difficulties about the planes
and dimensions of these beings.

Moreover, not only was he finding this difficulty in determining a
Martian form but he was finding a parallel difficulty in fixing any
common characteristics for the earthly types he was beginning to
distinguish as 'Martianized'. All that they had in common was that they
were 'different' and that this difference involved a certain detachment
from common reactions. They lived apart. They thought after their own
fashion. He was not sure whether they were actually insusceptible to
mass emotions; he may have expected them to be, and that with him would
have been halfway to thinking them so.


On this visit to Gorpel he pursued what was becoming his usual
technique. It was at once subtle and a trifle crazy. There was a streak
of masochism about it. He had written all his books so far to appeal to
the heroic common humanity in all of us. And now he was using the same
stuff to eliminate, so to speak, common humanity. He was looking for
minds that did not respond.

He had brought down a lecture that had always proved extremely
successful with ordinary schoolboys, 'The Grandeur That Was Rome’. In
this he unfolded his tale of the heroic patriots who stud the Latin
tradition, from Horatius defending the Bridge, to Caesar crowning the
great task of the Republic by annexing it to British history, Octavius
creating the Empire and Justinian giving us Roman law. It was a
procession of statuesque figures, more or less clean-shaven and for the
most part in togas, evoking as they passed a fungoid growth of
unnecessary aqueducts, corpulent amphitheatres, and Corinthian columns,
and conferring on the whole world the blessings of the Pax Romana. The
Punic Wars, with a faint flavouring of Anti-Semitism, too faint to be
disagreeable, he presented as a gigantic necessary struggle between
noble north-side soldiers and revengeful, obdurate, but extremely
competent south-side loanmongers. He ignored every reality of hate,
suspicion, greed, panic, and brutish cruelty that characterized that
monstrous mutual destruction of the Mediterranean civilizations, the
Punic Wars, and still less did he let those essential features of the
mighty Pax, the omnipresent cross for rebels and the omnipresent
tax-collector for every one, peep out from behind those glorious Roman
arches. As he orated this familiar discourse he watched the boys. A few,
incapable of attention, were inattentive, but the discipline of the
school was good and their inattention was passive. The majority were
responsive. They drank in the mighty fable. Their eyes betrayed their
imaginative excitement. Their faces became nobler, stern. They became
conquering generals subduing barbarians, pro-consuls assuaging the
bickerings of subject races.

It was an answer to trumpets that stirred in them. It was what he had
heard someone call the 'Onward, Christian Soldiers' reaction.

With all that Davis was familiar. But now he was looking for scepticism
and intelligent dissent.

There was one little fellow sitting up near the corner who from the
start he felt assured was Martianized. He had untidy hair and a shrewd
faintly humorous white face, and he listened throughout, cheek on hand,
very attentively and with a questioning expression. He heard, untouched.
The real Martian quality.

'That's my boy here,' said Davis and inquired about him afterwards.

'A queer little chap,' said the headmaster. 'A queer little chap.
Behaves pretty well, but he's somehow disappointing. Doesn't throw
himself into things. A streak of something very nearly amounting
to--well, scepticism. Yet his people are quite decent people and the
Dean of Clumps is his uncle. He asks questions no other boy would think
of. The other day he asked, what is spiritual?

'Well,' said Mr. Davis after a thoughtful pause, 'what is spiritual?'

'But need I tell you of all people?'

'What did you tell him? I'm finding a sort of difficulty in putting this
in a chapter I am writing about the saintly life.'

The headmaster of Gorpel did not answer the question immediately.
Instead he went on to say in a slightly offended voice: 'I find all my
normal boys understand the word without discussion, take it for granted.
Spiritual-Material, a natural opposition. One ascends, the other
gravitates. There it is, plain as a pikestaff. No need to discuss it'

'Unless some little--toad, like that, asks the question point-blank.'

'He refuses to see. Why, he said, should we make a sort of extract of
reality and call it spirituality and pretend the two things are primary

'He said that! Rather--subtle.'

'Too subtle for a boy of his age. Unwholesome.'

'But spirit isn't an extract, is it?'

'So I said to him. "Life," he said, "seems to me just one, Sir. I can't
think of it in any other way. Sorry, Sir, I've tried."'

'He said that--that he couldn't think in any other way? That's very
interesting. How did you meet that?'

'In his particular case I explained by means of illustrations.'

'And he was satisfied?'

'Not in the least. He criticized my illustrations. Rather penetratingly,
I admit. He wanted me to define. But you see, Mr. Davis, the fundamental
things of life cannot be defined. He made me realize that more clearly
than I have ever done before. All the great fundamentals, Deity,
Eternity--Faith in What?--it is as if there was a sort of holy of holies
beyond the reach of exact definitions. So it seems to me. It is useless,
I find, to argue about them. It robs our attitudes of dignity ... robs
them of dignity.... We are reduced to logic chopping. Quibbles.... We
understand by intuition what we mean and what other people mean. Best to
leave it at that.'

'And you told him if he didn't understand what spiritual meant, not to
go on thinking about it yet but wait.'

'And pray,' said the headmaster of Gorpel.

'In effect I said that. In effect. Not exactly. Not too definitely. One
must go carefully. Afterwards I made him learn Corinthians One Thirteen
by heart - not as if it was exactly an answer but as if it threw a light
- and I hope it did him good.'

'You don't know?'

'I don't know. These are elusive matters, Mr. Davis. A boy who wants to
argue must not be indulged too far. There are limits.'

'I wonder,' said Mr. Davis, feeling his way carefully, 'if perhaps
types--types like this youngster may really be something more than
merely obstinate. Whether by some instinctive necessity, by some
difference in themselves, they may not find something--some inacceptable
lack of fineness, some lack of clearness, in various distinctions we
assume, distinctions we have assumed and which we make by habit....'

'I can't entertain thoughts like that,' said the headmaster abruptly. 'I
cannot conduct the work of this great school and prepare my regiment of
youngsters year by year for their attack on life and responsibility, if
I am also to carry on an examination of the fundamental values we set on

'But if presently instead of one inassimilable boy you find half a dozen
of him turning up--or a score?'

The headmaster looked at his visitor. 'I devoutly hope not, Mr. Davis,'
he said. 'I devoutly hope not. You are giving me food--not for
thought--no!--for nightmares....'

'Now here, now there,' said Mr. Davis as he stood on the headmaster's
doorstep. 'Certainly that boy is one of them. They don't see life as we
see it. They can't think of it in our way. And they make us begin to
doubt that we see it ourselves as we have always imagined we did.'


The World Begins to Hear about the Martians


It is almost impossible to trace how this realization that mankind,
under the spur of the cosmic rays, was launched upon a career of genetic
change, seeped from the minds of the first discoverers, Laidlaw, that
rufous man in the Planetarium Club (to whom it seemed no more than a
passing freak of fancy), Mr. Davis (who was first to take it seriously),
Dr. Holdman Stedding, and Professor Ernest Keppel, into the general
consciousness. But a few weeks after the birth of Mary's child, an
article appeared in the Weekly Refresher from the pen of that
admirable scientific popularizer, Harold Rigamey, in which, as Professor
Keppel rather inelegantly put it, he 'completely spilt the beans’.

It is possible that Rigamey got the thing at second or third hand from
Dr. Holdman Stedding, who oddly enough seems to have been the least
discreet of all that primary group. Dr. Stedding may have described it
to one or two fellow-practitioners as an example of the extreme
intellectual elaboration that may appear in a case of delusional
insanity. There is no evidence that Laidlaw, after his first imaginative
outbreak, ever gave the matter a second thought until he got the echo in
the newspapers. But he may very well have repeated his fantasy on some
after-dinner occasion. He was the last survivor of the old Bob
Stevenson, York Powell, school of talk, a gorgeous talker.

Harold Rigamey was a peculiarly constituted being, he had a mind that
did not so much act as react. He was a born ultra-heretic. He
disbelieved everything and then doubled back on his disbelief. From a
sound historical and literary training he had recoiled in a state of
unsympathetic curiosity to science and had achieved a very respectable
position on the literary side of journalism by writing about science in
a manner that caused the greatest discomfort and perplexity to men of
science. He found wonders for them when they saw nothing wonderful and
incredible triumphs of paradox in their simplest statements. He mated
them to the strangest associates.

He had an infuriating openmindedness to every unorthodox extravagance.
He hated dogma and he was full of faith. He was always reconciling
science and religion, spiritualism and behaviourism, medicine and
Christian Science, and this reconciling disposition won him quite a
large following of readers eager to keep their mental peace amidst the
vast, the incongruous, alarming, and sometimes far too urgent
suggestions of our modern world.

They were all a little uneasy with him and that was a part of his charm.
There were stimulants in all his sedatives. When he asked his readers to
come and meet spiritual worth, they were never quite sure whether that
meant the dear Archbishop of Canterbury, all clean and scented with his
pretty purple-and-red evening clothes, his pretty lace cuffs, his pretty
episcopal ring, and his general vacuous urbanity, or whether it meant a
rather repellent, though no doubt equally edifying, encounter with some
unsanitarily pure and indecently stark fakir on a bed of nails; and when
he remarked upon the stern veracities of science, whether it would be a
fresh explosion in the mathematical engine-room, a vitamin of incredible
potency, or a breathing exercise from America that at once confirmed and
completed the remarkable inhalations of ancient Tibet, he had in mind.
For some time Harold Rigamey had been working out in his own mind some
sort of linkage of interplanetary communications with the all too
neglected science of astrology; he thought he might make something quite
exciting out of it, and this weird idea of Laidlaw's came to him like
the voice of the Lord to a Hebrew prophet.

For some time he had been feeling that his characteristic methods of
popularizing science were no longer growing in popular favour. Men of
science are a peculiar, an almost ungracious, class, and very often the
more you popularize them the less they like it. Maybe it was a public
realization of their lack of appreciation for Harold Rigamey's services,
or maybe it was just a surfeit of subtle but occasionally very
incomprehensible wonders, that was affecting the first abundant public
response to Harold Rigamey; at any rate he felt that his popularity was
dimmer than it used to be. A really new and exciting topic, that only
needed a little care and thought in the handling to go far and wide, was
just the tonic he had been requiring.

Mindful of the faint elements of insecurity in his own credit he set
about the subject with considerable skill and discretion. He first
informed his public through a couple of articles, called 'The Voice of
the Stars’, of a 'growing realization' that 'extra-terrestrial forces of
some unknown kind' were 'indubitably' attempting to establish
communication with our planet. He invoked almost every known authority
upon extra-terrestrial radiations, produced in a skilfully clipped form
some rare unguarded statements by eminent professors, promoted one or
two rash speculations by obscure people in remote parts of the earth to
a distinguished scientific standing, and invented a few anonymous
scientists of his own. (Some day Nature will have to publish a list of
otherwise non-existent scientists, available for public controversy.)

'Scientists tell us' was a very favourite phrase with Harold Rigamey. He
wrote of 'numerous efforts' which he said had been made to 'discover
codes' in these extra-terrestrial radiations and of the growing
conviction of 'scientists' of all sorts and shades and sizes of the
existence of these persistent attempts to attract our attention from
outside our world.

'This present century,' wrote Harold Rigamey, 'already goes far beyond
its predecessor, the Century of Invention. This is the Century of
Discovery. The sixteenth century was a Century of Terrestrial Discovery;
but this is the Century of Extra-Terrestrial Discovery. Already the
immortality of the soul, or at any rate persistence after death, seems
to be experimentally established, and now we realize upon the most
convincing evidence that man is not alone on his planet; he is a citizen
in what may prove to be an abundantly populated universe.'

Eminent men of science read Harold Rigamey's latest revelation of what
science is doing in a mood of apoplectic fury. 'What are we to do about
this sort of thing?' they said to their wives at breakfast, and their
wives said: 'My dear, what can you do?' And there the matter ended.
The mystical mathematicians with their expanding and contracting
universes, relativity-exponents, and the like retired from the arena of
popular attention like a small group of concertina players on the entry
of a large brass band. An unprecedented mail informed Harold Rigamey of
the successful opening of his campaign. His next stage was to go on to
'The Fantastic Connexion of Cosmic Rays and Human Mutations' and then
straightaway to 'The Martian Genes' and 'The Martian Type' and so told
the whole story as we have already seen it unfolding in the mind of Mr.
Joseph Davis, but with a richness of confirmatory detail altogether
beyond our modest record of actualities.


The reception of the astounding revelation was ample and inconclusive,
and it afforded Professor Keppel considerable scope for his gift for
bitter comment. Popular intelligence, the professor pointed out to the
acquiescent Dr. Holdman Stedding, has long since ceased to attach any
real importance to concrete statements except in so far as they concern
football and cricket results, the winners of races, and (with caution
and reservations) stock-exchange quotations. Outside this definite range
of immediate rational interests it has achieved an almost complete
toleration, an inactive indifference, to any statement whatever. 'You
may tell the public anything you like nowadays,' said Keppel, 'and it
will not care a rap. It is not that it disbelieves; it is not that it
believes; but that its belief apparatus has been overstrained and
misused beyond any sort of reaction, positive or negative, to the things
that it is told.

'Consider,' he expatiated, 'the--we will not say contents--of the
average human mind today; but consider the things that are lying about
side by side upon that flaccid expanse of mentality. It has been told a
beautiful story of Creation, the Garden of Eden and the Fall. It does
not know whether that story is a fable, a parable, or a statement of
fact, and manifestly it does not care. If Sir Leonard Woolley and Mr. H.
V. Morton announced a joint discovery of Eden, raised a restoration
fund, and provided tourist facilities at reasonable rates, the public
would go in a state of inscrutable acquiescence and enormous numbers, to
visit the ancestral garden-plot. And at the same time in the same brain,
so to speak, this public has accepted a great mass of statement to the
effect that it is descended, through something called Evolution, from
gorilla-like ancestors. It would be quite capable of visiting in the
morning the veritable scene where six or seven thousand years ago, Eve,
surrounded by all the latest novelties of Creation, her wedding
presents, so to speak, accepted the apple from the serpent, and then of
inspecting a caveful of fifty-thousand-year-old Neanderthaler remains in
the afternoon. It has lost all sense of incongruity. It has lost all
sense of relevance. It neither rejects nor assimilates nor correlates
anything. It believes everything and it believes nothing.

'In effect,' said Professor Keppel, 'it does nothing about anything at
all. There is no conceivable issue now upon which it can be roused to
spontaneous action. If it opened its newspaper one morning and read that
Christianity has been abolished, it would wonder what sort of pensions
the bishops would get--"pretty fat, I expect"--and then turn over to see
if the cross-word puzzle was an easy one. If it read that the queer
noises it had heard in the night were the trumpets announcing the
Resurrection of the Dead and the end of the world for tomorrow
afternoon, it would probably remark that the buses and tubes were full
enough as it was without all these Dead coming up, and that a thing of
that sort ought to be held somewhere abroad where there was more

In America the disclosure of the Martian intervention was received with
bright incredulity. Rigamey's articles were syndicated everywhere and
credited nowhere. It is a popular error Keppel insisted, that Americans
are more accessible to ideas than the British. Notions indeed they are
never averse to. Notions are different. A notion is something you can
handle. But an idea, a general idea, has a way of getting all over you
and subjugating you, and no free spirit submits to that. Confronted with
an idea the American says: 'Oh, yeah!' or 'Sez you,' and the Englishman
says: 'I don't fink,' or at a higher social level: 'Piffle--piffle
before the wind.' These simple expressions are as good against ideas as
the sign of the cross used to be against the medieval devil. The
pressure is at once relieved.

But your American has none of the Englishman's ability to ignore. After
having said his 'Sez you' or 'Oh, yeah' and killed an idea, your
American is only too ready to make light of the corpse. His joy in
caricature and extravaganza is as vast as his sense of reality is
deficient. So that Harold Rigamey's revelations, relieved of all terror
of actuality and being vigorously syndicated, went widely and swiftly
through the thought and phraseology of those quick-witted millions. 'Are
you a Martian?' was on the cars within a week of the syndication of
Harold's last article and 'Don't appeal to my Martian side' had become a
conversational counter in circulation from coast to coast. A new
caricaturist started a series of Martian cartoons in the New Yorker
that caught on at once and were very widely imitated. The vaudeville
stage was brisk rather than clever in taking up the idea. Along a
thousand divergent channels flowed the fertilizing suggestion and evoked
a weedy jungle of responses. 'Dry Martians' became the dominant
cocktail. Hundreds of deeply preoccupied Negroes pranced and flung
themselves about in the Southern sunshine in search of a real Martian
Newstep. Thousands of industrious advertisement designers spent
sleepless nights subduing the new idea in this way and that way to the
varied uses of their calling. And Harold Rigamey turned his pen to other


The only real attempt to deal with the coming of the Martians upon a
serious scale was made on the British side, and it was made by no less a
person than Lord Thunderclap, that great synthetic press peer. It was
made against the advice of his most trusted associates and it failed.

Lord Thunderclap was one of the supreme successes of the journalistic
and business world; he had become enormously rich and influential in a
gigantic inaccurate way all out of nasty little periodicals, and he was
quite intelligent enough to understand there must be something wrong
about his headlong, unchallenged prominence. Both he and his slightly
derisive rival and associate, Lord Bendigo, deep down in their very
bright minds, had that same sense of haphazard expansion and
unjustifiable eminence; they could not believe, however much they tried,
that in the long run the world would not call them to account; they had
none of the innate assurance of royal personages and born aristocrats,
and they were both haunted by the feeling that sooner or later,
something hard, stern, and powerful, a Sphinx, a Nemesis, would come
round a corner upon them and unfold an indictment for immediate
attention, asking them what they thought they were and what in the last
resort they thought they were up to.

The mercurial Bendigo regarded that possibility with unaffected
facetiousness but Thunderclap was made of less mobile stuff. He liked
being the large massive thing he was; the longer he lived the more he
wanted to believe in his own importance and feel that he was really
true. The longer he lived the more he liked himself and the less could
he bear that sense of a delayed but pursuing judgment. He could ill
endure the unprotesting acquiescence of this world in him; the
accumulated menace of its uncritical disregard; but even less now could
he endure the thought that this toleration might end.

The dark other-world of insomnia added itself to his daylight existence.
That awful Court of Inquiry without any definite charges, just asking
what he was and why, sat there in perpetual unprogressive session,
waiting--waiting for something. There was no hurry. Most terrifyingly
there was no hurry. But what could they be saving up for him? Day after
day he went about his large abundant life, being the great Lord
Thunderclap--because what else on earth could he be? What else on earth
could he do? The day passed into evening, evening to night, and so at
last to bed. And then that insatiable question.... What net were they

The faces about him were polite masks. You challenged them: 'You were
saying about me--?'

'I said nothing, my lord.'

He told nobody of this increasing obsession, but the existence of his
profound uneasiness was more or less manifest to most of his associates
and subordinates. Was there something that had never been found out?
They tried to guess at that. But nothing definite appeared, it was a
dread at large. Evidently he feared men of science and knowledge,
especially men who were reputed to be profoundly and exceptionally
versed in political and social and economic affairs. What must they
really think of his journalistic influence, his activities in party
matters, his financial affairs? Were they just quietly letting him have
rope, sewing him up unobtrusively? And he suspected the civil service
profoundly. These civil servants, he thought, knew more than was good
for them already and they were always trying to know more. The word
'inspector' moved him to a pallid rage. 'More Inspectors!' was one of
the shrillest screams in his multifarious publications. Nasty mean men,
he insisted, these inspectors were, with sharp noses like foxes', needy
dependants, and a passion for petty bribes; always peeping through
keyholes they were, looking into windows, creeping up pipes, getting
through gratings, weaving a net about all wholesome business enterprise.
They had to be fought off. They had to be frustrated, denounced,
caricatured at every turn. And all these Trade Union and Labour people
wanting to know, perpetually wanting to know, and then, I suppose,
interfere. And this London School of Economics! What were they putting
together and plotting and planning there? What did they want to have a
school of economics for anyhow? It was like marking the cards.

In Lord Thunderclap's mind socialism was another name for malignant
investigation. He had no idea what harmless, disconnected, doctrinaire
little creatures socialists are, and how limited an area of the social
problem they have ever explored. He really thought they had a strong,
clear plan for a workable human society all ready for use, a hard
competent society, ready to thrust him and his like out of existence. At
any time now they might spring it upon him. He fought wildly in the
darkness against that persuasion, but it held him. He was probably the
only man alive in England who believed in socialism to that extent.

In his perpetual attempt to materialize his terror he mixed up all these
professors, civil servants, inspectors, socialists, sociologists (whom
he regarded as a nastier variety of socialist), liberals--every sort of
interrogator and critic--in a great jumble of hateful menace, the
'Intelligentsia,' the 'Lefts,' the 'Reds.' He imagined a worldwide
hostile, incredibly subtle, incredibly far-sighted net closing about
him. And he never really got them plain for a straight fight to a finish
and have done with it. Never could he drag them into the light of open
day. He knew that they were at it, at it all the time, conspiring,
scheming, taking their orders, passing their messages, nodding, winking,
giving their signals, working their mischiefs. They ramified everywhere.
You never knew who was with them. They were Jesuits today and Freemasons
tomorrow. Even judges and lawyers might be scheming. Hard to do a deal
with them. You were safe with no one.

All his partners and secretaries and editors knew those odd moments of
his, when he would affect to look out of the window idly, and then spin
round upon you with incredible nimbleness to scrutinize your face.

Or when he would lead you through a long rambling talk about Russia,
about Germany, about China, to jump upon you suddenly with a handful of
carefully premeditated posers, designed to wring the very plotting soul
out of you.

Such was the large fear-obsessed mentality to which the disclosures of
Harold Rigamey came like a torch to a hayrick.

Never for a moment when he heard it did Lord Thunderclap doubt the
story. Not until he read about it in his own papers had he a twinge of
doubt. It came as the embodiment and confirmation of his worst fears. He
felt he had really known all about it from the very beginning. He
carried Harold Rigamey off for dinner and the night to his suburban
headquarters at Castle Windrow, Bunting Hayland, and thither he
assembled by wire and telephone all his most trusted henchmen, tools,
stooges, subordinates, intimates, Watsons, yes-girls, medical advisers,
soothsayers, astrologists, stenographers, masseurs, soothers, and family

'The thing's out at last,' he said. 'Listen to him! Listen to what
Rigamey has to tell us. We've been barking up the wrong tree. These
Reds--Moscow--Bernard Shaw--New Dealers--Atheists--Protocols of Zion,
all of that--mere agents. It's Mars that is after us. Listen to him.
Mars! What are we to do about it? What are we to do?

'Everything we value in life. Cross and crown. Nation and loyalty.
Morals, Christmas. Family lift. The Reds are just their front line.
While we stand about here and stare at each other and do nothing, there
they are working away, getting born, growing up, plotting, planning--one
after another--these monsters. I ask you: Is nothing to be done?'

'Well, Chief,' said Cotton-Jones, the archsoother. 'Everything has to be
done. But it's got to be done in the right way. No need to tell you

'The whole world is in danger. Hideous danger.'

'That's too big for stop-press news. Chief, we've got to go into
conference right away. Here and now. We've got to just hold the whole
thing in silence, until we've organized a plan of campaign and a general
staff. You said it, Chief, yourself, years ago. "The more urgent the
crisis," you said, "the more danger there is in hurry."'

'I said that?' said Lord Thunderclap.

'Yes, Sir. You said that....'

It was daylight before that assembly at Castle Windrow dispersed and
Lord Thunderclap was safely put to bed. His sedatives were furtively
doubled. And throughout all the offices and organizations which owed him
allegiance, grave and weary men plotted guardedly with each other--no
double-crossing mind!--against the call for action that would come to
them when he awoke.

Cotton-Jones, toiling wearily up to his suite under the roof at
headquarters, realized suddenly the mysterious sensitiveness of the
Thunderclap system. Two small lift attendants stopped upon the second
landing to exchange news, unaware of his presence in the middle
elevator. The youngest and shrillest spoke without emotion.

'Jimmy, you heard? The Chief’s nuts at last.'

'Clean off it?'


'Bound to happen sooner or later. What dislodged him?'

'Them Martians....'

Now how had the little devils got hold of that?...

Throughout the most difficult ten days in their lives the entourage of
Lord Thunderclap struggled to mitigate the impact of his full excitement
upon the public. What he had in mind seemed to be some sort of
world-wide witch-smelling for Martians everywhere. He swept aside every
difficulty there might be in distinguishing them. You could tell them by
the things they said and the way they behaved. You could tell them
because instinctively you disliked them.... Not a massacre. Massacres
were out of date. What was needed was a vast sanitary concentration of
all these people to save our race (Lord Thunderclap) alive.

Rigamey had brought some entirely irrelevant facts about what are called
Mongoloid children into the discussion, and Thunderclap seized upon them
as data for the first selection of victims in the world drive against
the Martians. Individuals of this type should be at once arrested and
secluded in protective isolation. There ought to be a human race-purity
conference set up in permanent session. All the leading obstetricians in
the world ought to be in it, with stimulating fees and unlimited powers.

Like to like. It was natural for the turbid stream of Anti-Semitism to
contribute some richly helpful ideas to this fresh flow of anti-Martian

Cotton-Jones took his courage in both hands and withstood his master. ‘We
can't do this,' he said, with the Chief's programme in his hand.

'We can't do this? Then what on earth are we to do?'

'The public mind is not prepared for anything of the sort.'

His lordship raged up and down the room but Cotton-Jones felled him with
the deadliest, most arresting assertion than an editorial assistant can

'It will fall flat,' said Cotton-Jones.


'It will fall flat.'

'We can't go on with this on our own responsibility,' he insisted, and
Thunderclap knew that he was right. 'We must have authority. We must
quote. We ourselves cannot seem to be bringing this out from the office.
Merely from the office. Journalistic stunt, they will say. Yes, Sir.
They will say that. Newspapers may lead but they should not appear to
lead. We must seem to be responding to "publicly responsible,
unquestionable appeals." Your words, Chief. Someone not ourselves,
someone else, must make for righteousness.'

He shook the programme in his hand. He added a still more difficult

'And really--for a thing of this size--we must bring in other groups of

'I have had something of that sort in mind throughout,' said
Thunderclap, after a stupendous pause.

He walked across the room. 'Perhaps I have been precipitate. I see
things too quickly.'

He sat down to his desk and began to write down, strike out, and tick
off names. There were one or two great physicians on the verge of
advertisement; they ought to give him something. After all he had done
for them. No. Damn them, they wouldn't. One or two of the more pushful
young bishops were still in the toady stage, still rather anxious to
prove how serviceable and friendly they could be to any lord of
publicity. They surely might be called upon to denounce this diabolical
threat to mankind. He sent them urgent and embarrassing communications,
held them up himself on the telephone, and found them as blandly evasive
as they knew how. They knew very well how. He cast about for this great
public figure and then that to shoulder the new burden. Gradually, as he
sought, with diminishing success, among these great instruments of
public stimulation, the pressure of his own initiative dispersed itself.
Fatigue supervened. Violence deferred maketh the heart grow sick. Four,
five, six days passed and nothing stupendous was done. In the life of
Lord Thunderclap two days are as a thousand years. The bright surface of
his great disclosure was dulled by familiarity. The preparatory
Articles, announcements, and so forth became less and less a preparation
and more and more like the wailing and booming of a receding school of
ichthyosauri heard through the twilight of the past.

It came to him abruptly one night that he didn't care a damn now if
nothing was done. The affair had evaporated. If nobody cared to stir a
finger, the whole silly business might slide. The Martians might eat
the world now so far as he was concerned. It would last his
time--anyhow. What was the sense of being the one earnest energetic man
in a world of unresponsive fools?

He called Cotton-Jones into his presence. 'You've been going too strong
on this Martian stuff,' he said, and Cotton-Jones knew at once that the
brainstorm was over. 'You've made it a bit too loud and brassy. The
public doesn't want to hear about them in this serious way you've been
putting it. They want it guyed. What the public won't hear about can't
exist really. Circulation dies down and then where are you? Ease off on
it. Guy it.'

'After all we have said!' reflected Cotton-Jones.

'Ease off on it. Make it kind of semi-symbolical--humorous and all

'I get you,' said Cotton-Jones, trying not to look too glad. 'I think I
can manage to ease it off. Yes, it's a damned good political nickname,
Chief, whatever you like to say. You've never thought of anything
better. Give "Highbrow" and "Brain Trust" a holiday for the next ten
years. Let the Reds fade out. Martians! People will hate them from the
word Go!'


Mr. Joseph Davis stood at the upper corner of Trafalgar Square watching
the westward flow of buses below. A number of them were carrying huge
starry advertisement boards with a new inscription. He could make out
three capital M's but he had to look hard before he could read the
intervening letters. They spelled out 'Musical Martian Midgets’.

'That's how they see it,' said Mr. Davis. 'H'm.'

His eyes were lifted sharply by a challenging flash across the twilight
blue. A sky sign took up the words in letters of raw red fire, 'Musical
Martian Midgets'....

'And all the same,' whispered Mr. Davis after some moments of silent
reflection, 'they are here.'


How These Star-Begotten People May Presently Get Together


'So your Martians are coming after all, Davis,' said Dr. Holdman

'I've given you my facts,' said Mr. Davis, 'a new sort of human being is
appearing. Of that I am convinced.... I never said they were Martians.'

'The name's got into the story. And after all, you know--they may be.'

'Why not the star-men?' said Keppel. 'Homosideralis? How would one say
Star-Begotten as a specific adjective?'

'One name seems to be as good as another,' said Davis, affecting
indifference. 'Until we know better what they are, why trouble about the
name? Let us stick to Martians.'

'The newspapers have no doubt about it. Either there are Martians, they
insist, or there is nothing.'

Davis shrugged his shoulders.

'On the whole I wish this hadn't leaked out to the press,' said
Keppel, crouching upon his arms over his mahogany and looking
malignantly intelligent. 'Marvellous how the press can make almost
anything--unbelievable. What has the press made of it? First this
Thunderclap boom. Then general derison. Then general disregard. Nothing
stales so rapidly as a new popular idea. What have we now? General
indifference. A few pathetic believers run about, half ashamed of
themselves, and assert their faith by starting silly-looking little
special periodicals and societies. I am told there are at least two
pro-Martian societies in London, and three against. The people who
produce that pink-covered journal called Welcome seem to be the chief.
In America there are quite a lot of associations, I'm told, but all
small. Most of them have a tendency to amalgamate with occultists and
mix up Mars with Tibet. Then a new type of delusional insanity has
appeared. God Almighty, it seems, is out of fashion among our lunatics.
They are all Martians nowadays and most of them are Kings or Emperors of
Mars. What else has come out of your great disclosure? Ourselves--we
toughs, who knew all along just how much there was in it, and were too
wise to shout.'

He looked sideways at Davis from under his overhanging brow.

'You believe really--?' asked Davis.

Keppel would neither assent nor deny.

'No one would believe what we in our bones feel to be the reality. We're
not quite sure--but we feel it. We're not quite definite but a reality
is there. It is unbelievable. So why incur suspicion and contempt by
talking about it? Nothing is to be done. We cannot control what is
happening. We cannot avert it. Here they come. Here we are.'

'I want to talk about it,' said Keppel. 'I want badly to talk about it.'

'I find myself thinking about it a lot,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding.

'I think now of nothing else,' said Davis.

It seemed to him that Keppel had got this Martian fever now almost as
badly as himself. That grotesque, distorted dark face was flushed, and
every gesture suggested the repression of a profound excitement But
Keppel's resolve to control the stir in his imagination and to keep
things as matter-of-fact as possible was very evident.

The three men were dining at Keppel's house for the express purpose of
receiving and discussing the first results of Davis's investigations.

'Let's see how far we have got,' said Keppel. 'Let us try to disentangle
as far as we can the pure guess-fantasy of an extra-terrestrial
intervention, from the established realities that Davis has been
elucidating. A new sort of mind is coming into the world, with a new,
simpler, clearer, and more powerful way of thinking. That I think is
manifest. It has already got into operation individually here and there
and produced a sort of disorder of innovation in human affairs. But so
far these new minds haven't got together for any sort of associated
living. So far. They are hardly aware of themselves, much less of each
other. They are scattered about anyhow. All that, I think, seems to be

Mr. Davis nodded assent.

These new types have made their presence felt, as yet, chiefly through
discoveries in material science and mechanical invention. At this
present stage they are too scattered and isolated for novel social
inventions. That sort of thing requires extensive co-operations. It is
on a different plane. These newcomers are dispersed; they are not
appearing in bunches; they do not even know that they are a peculiar
people; each one of them has been deeply embedded, so to speak, in the
circumstances of his or her own birth. From birth they have all been
presented with established views of the world and compelled to adjust
their social behaviour to established institutions. Many no doubt have
been completely baffled by the dogmatic unreason of the normal human
arrangements in which they found themselves set. In--what shall I
say?--in human affairs, they've never had a chance so far. But in regard
to things, bits of glass, scraps of metal, springs and balances, they
have not been encumbered to the same extent. There they have been able
to think freely almost from the outset.

'That has been the opening phase. Nobody has ever tried to explain the
immense advance in scientific knowledge in the past century and a
half--but this does explain it. There has been a great outbreak of
precise mechanical discovery and invention. That meant--that means--a
necessary discordance in human affairs--scattered inventions everywhere,
a great forward drive, a revolutionary drive in mechanical science and a
relative lag in social understanding. There is an almost complete
inability to make new ideas in the latter field real. That is a
tougher proposition altogether. I think it is easy to explain why that
should be so. But there is the reason why every one nowadays is
contrasting our material progress with what is called--how do the
bishops put it?--our ethical and social backwardness. A temporary

'But a damned unpleasant one,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding. 'When the
superman makes an aeroplane and the ape gets hold of it.'

'Nevertheless--a temporary phase,' continued Keppel, holding to his
argument with resolute tenacity. 'Because, as I say, to begin with,
these Martians have been rare and scattered. But as they become more
numerous--and I assume that there is no reason whatever why they should
not become more and more numerous--they will necessarily become aware of
one another, and get into touch with one another. Such minds, following
the line of least resistence, will gravitate to scientific work. They
will note and classify mental types. This must lead almost directly to
self-discovery. They will observe how they resemble each other and how
they differ from the wimble-wamble of the common world. They will begin
to know themselves for what they are.'

'A new chapter in history,' said Mr. Davis, contemplating it. 'And

'Let us think this out for a bit,' said Keppel. 'I believe a
considerable amount of analysis of what is coming is possible. I think
myself we can already make a rough forecast, but I shall feel much more
certain about that when I have put what I have in mind before you two.
If I get away with it. It does seem worth while to ask a few fairly
obvious questions.. What is going to be the next phase in this invasion?
As these Martians multiply among us, they will, I assume, tend to
crystallize out in some such way as I have indicated. They will develop
a distinctively Martian view of life. They will begin to realize
themselves for what they are, look for their own sort, feel their way
towards a common understanding. They will emerge to social action in
some fashion.... In what fashion?'


'But first of all,' he said, 'I want to clear up a preliminary
matter--of some practical importance.'

He concentrated on his hands spread out on the table before him. 'I'd
like to put it to Davis. Here we have he says, a new kind of mind
appearing in the world, a hard, clear, insistent mind. It used to appear
at uncertain intervals. Rarely. It said: "Why not?" and it made
discoveries. Now apparently it is becoming--frequent. Not abundant as
yet but frequent. Well, what I want to know is, is this new kind of mind
when it appears complete? Let me be perfectly plain about that. Certain
genes making up the human mentality, we agree, have been altered in this
new type. These new minds are harder, clearer, more essentially
honest--yes. But are they completely detached from the old stuff or are
they in many cases a sort of half-breed and all mixed up with it?

'I want to stress that half-breed idea. Are they so much human, human of
the old pattern still, and so much--and only so much--clean Martian? So
that one side of them is just the old system of self-regarding
complexes, vanities, dear delusions--while the other side is like a
crystal growing in mud? You see what I am after? It may not be true to
talk as though we were dealing with human clay vis-à-vis with
Martians. We are talking about human mud and against it we have to pit
these partially liberated intelligences, still largely mixed with the
old mud. All three of us have been in our various ways trying to get
something like a real sense of what these new beings are. These new

Keppel paused and looked at his hands. 'They are going to be very tragic
creatures.... In many cases.... What do you make of it, Davis? Of the
half-breed idea?'

'I haven't seen it like that yet. You see, I have been going about
trying to find certain lucid intractable types. That was your
suggestion, Doctor. I've certainly found them. I've been looking for a
sort of difference....'

'You haven't thought of any other aspect?'

'No.... I haven't looked for resemblances, so to speak, in the
difference,' he added after a pause. 'I've been looking for uncommon
humanity; not for common humanity.'

'Well,' Keppel went on, talking chiefly to his intelligent-looking
fingers, 'that half-breed idea opens up a whole new world of
considerations. It banishes Thunderclap's nightmare of a lot of little
active hobgoblins swarming and multiplying and desecrating our homes and
everything that has made human life et cetera. In the place of that sort
of thing we have to suppose an increasing number of individuals
scattered about the world, who, so far at any rate, never seem to have
had a suspicion that they are not just ordinary human stuff, but who
find life tremendously puzzling, much more puzzling that other people
do.... Now perhaps--it will be different....

'As children, like any other children, they will have begun by taking
the world as they found it and believing everything they were told. Then
as they grew up they will have found themselves mentally out of key.
They will have found a disconcerting inconsistency about things in
general. They will have thought at first that the abnormality was on the
side of particular people about them and not on their own. They will
have found themselves doubting whether their parents and teachers could
possibly believe what they were saying. I think that among these
Martians, that odd doubt--which many children nowadays certainly
have--whether the whole world isn't some queer sort of put-up job and
that it will all turn out quite differently presently--I think that streak
of doubt would be an almost inevitable characteristic of them all.'

'That doubt about the reality of what they are told?' considered Davis.
'Children certainly have it. Even I....'

Keppel glanced at him for one half-instant.

'Now,' said Keppel, still addressing his hands, 'before I go on with
these problems of what these Martians are going to do to our world, I
would like to put some rather penetrating questions to myself and--both
of you. You don't mind if I sort of lecture you? Or retail the obvious?
I'm a professor in grain, you must remember.'

Dr. Holdman Stedding made assenting gestures and Davis remained
obviously attentive.

'Let us try and make this room an apartment in the palace of truth for
the time being. About ourselves.... We are sane respectable citizens in
a social order that gives us a fairly good return for the services we
render it. We have adjusted ourselves--and pretty comfortably--to life
as we know it.... Well....

'I will ask a question and answer for myself first. Am I as easy about
the validity of my mental processes? As I was when I was rising twenty?
No. Since then we have had our minds washed out by a real drench of
psycho-analysis. We are beginning to realize the complex system of
self-deception in which we live, our wilful blindness to humiliating and
restraining things, our conscious acceptance of flattering and exalting
things, our tortuous subconscious or half-conscious evasions and
conformities to social pressures and menaces. We take everything
ready-made that we can possibly find ready-made, and there are a
thousand moral issues, public issues, customary imperatives, about
which--it isn't so much that we conceal our thoughts and are
hypocritical, as that we will not think about them at all. We will not
have thoughts to conceal. We are shifty even with ourselves. Am I
overstating our subservience to the world about us?'

'I don't think so,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding. 'No.’

Davis said nothing.

'We have been born and brought up in a social order that is now
obviously a failure in quite primary respects. Our social order is
bankrupt. It is not delivering the goods. It is defaulting and breaking
up. War, pervading and increasing brutality, lack of any real liberty,
economic mismanagement, frightful insufficiency in the midst of possible
super-abundance--am I overstating the indictment?'

'No,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding with a sigh. 'No.'

'Quite a lot of highly intelligent people seem to be persuaded that we
are heading for a world-wide war-smash--a smash-up of civilization they
call it, and all that. You have denounced all that as blank pessimism,
Mr. Davis.'

'Never mind what I have written,' said Davis. 'Sufficient for the
present discussion--is the present discussion.'

'Well, then, I may say the outlook for our world is, to put it mildly,
menacing and disappointing.'

Dr. Holdman Stedding put both his elbows on the table. 'For any
farsighted people the output for humanity has always been menacing,'

'And not particularly now? Air warfare, germs in warfare, the entire
aimlessness of the unemployed, dissolving social cohesion, the rapid
disappearance of mental freedom?'

'Yes,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding. 'Yes. Perhaps--particularly now. For
the things we value it is an exceptionally bad outlook.'

'A general effect of things going to pieces--of large lumps falling
down. Subsidences. And what I find most terrifying of all--and that is
where the grim outlook for these Martians of ours comes--the increasing
ineffectiveness of any fine, clear thinking in the world. I don't know
if things have shown themselves to you in the same light, but what
impresses me most about the present state of the world is the entire
dominance of the violent, common mind, the base mind. It brutalizes. It
brutalizes everything new and fine. Inventions. Our children. Either it
expresses itself in stampeding mob action, revolutionary or
reactionary--it is all the same in the long run--or else it embodies
itself in some Hero--like this fellow Hitler--identifies itself with him
and so achieves its vehement releases. Assertive patriotism, mass fear,
and impulse to persecute--particularly the impulse to persecute--seem to
be more dreadfully in evidence today than ever before in human affairs.
Dreadfully and hideously. That's a question in your line, Davis. A
question of historical estimates. Anyhow it is glaringly in evidence.

'We three sit here--lucky ones--we've got a sort of foothold. We seem
comparatively safe. We've fixed up things for ourselves apparently. We
may not feel quite so secure as we might have felt in Harley Street
twenty-five years ago, but still we feel pretty secure. We are part of
the intellectual cream of the world. And how much, I ask you, is it our
world? How far dare we go out of this room and speak our minds about the
things that are happening in the world now? How far dare we go even into
the back corners of our own minds--with a bright light, with ruthless
questions? Even you and I, Holdman Stedding, have been extremely
discreet--and we are going on being extremely discreet--about this
Martian business. We have our reputations to consider. We mustn't be
extravagant. And so on. We are discreet even with ourselves. Do we let
out what we really think about politics now, about all this bawling
patriotism, about all this clammy, stale canting religiosity, about such
institutions as the monarchy? Although we live here in a free country! A
free country! So we are told. No concentration camps here, no
inquisition, no exile, no martyrs. No visible means of restraint--and
yet we are restrained. How far is our intellectual freedom here still
ours, only because, as a matter of fact, we are too discreet to exercise
it? Have we intellectuals here or anywhere any influence, any voice to
arrest, divert, or guide this stampeding of crowds which we call the
course of history--?'

'Eh?' said Davis.

'These stampedes of crowds which we call the course of history.'

'Go on,' said Davis.

'Suppose we went out, to as public a position as possible, and said
plainly what we think of human affairs today?'

'I suppose,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding, 'they'd begin by smashing our

He reflected. 'The British Broadcasting Company would probably let a
leash of babbling bishops loose at you. And then your students would
make trouble. Your back-bench students.... I'm rather in a different
position. My professional gifts give me a kind of Rasputin hold on one
or two exalted families.'


'I have been thinking lately,' began Davis, and halted. He had the
phraseological unreadiness of the habitual writer.

'You spoke just now of stale religion,' he went on. 'Such a lot of
things in life now are stale. Out of date.... I agree....'

He felt his way forward with his argument. 'I suppose--I suppose all the
main working ideas that have held people together in communities have
been getting out of date pretty rapidly in the last hundred years.
Strange new influences have been at work--as we three at least are
beginning to understand. But because human society is a going concern,
the main working ideas have never been replaced. There never came a
definite time to replace them. They have been used in new senses, made
ambiguous, expanded, attenuated. Replacement was something too heroic
altogether. But each time there was a patch-up there had to be fresh
strains and fresh distortions. Old things got used for new purposes, and
they did not stand the wear. So that--what shall I call it?--the social
ideology--the social ideology has become a terrific accumulation of old
clutter which now, simply through the wear and tear of terms misused,
has come to mean anything or nothing. And to work less and less surely
and safely.... Do I make myself plain, Keppel?'

'You put what I think better than I could myself.'

'I'm in entire agreement,' said the doctor. 'Go on.'

Mr. Davis pushed back his plate and folded his arms on the table, after
the manner of Keppel. He spoke with care. He held on carefully to his
argument and both men watched him.

'And you see, there is a vast number of reasonable practical people
who--the more they realize the unsoundness, the rottenness, to put it
brutally, of their ideological framework--the more they are, as one
says, disillusioned, the more they are terrified at what may happen if
this vast complex collapses....

'I have been,' he added after a momentary pause.

'Practically,' he amplified, 'my life work so far has been bolstering up
what I thought were still sound working ideas. I began to see clearly
through my own motives--for the first time....'

Keppel sat back and put his hands in his pockets. It was plain he liked
what Davis had said. 'Here we are,' he said, 'in the palace of truth.
And we find ourselves in virtual agreement that this world is as it were
floating on a raft of rotting ideas, no longer firmly bound together, an
accumulation of once sustaining institutions, customs, moral codes,
loyalties, sapping one another, all so badly decayed and eaten away that
in the aggregate they no longer amount to anything much better than a
vast accumulation of driftwood--floating debris.'

'We all seem to be agreed on that. And now these new creatures from
outside, these creatures we call Martians, are coming aboard our
drifting system. With their hard, clear minds and their penetrating,
unrelenting questions stinging our darkness as the stars sting the sky.
Are they going to salvage us? Shall we let them even if they can? And if
not what is going to happen to them and this mental raft of a world?'


'Mental raft of a world,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding, trying over the
doubtful phrase. 'Mental raft of a world!' Keppel looked at his friend
with an expression in his twisted dissimilar eyes, half defensive and
half affectionate. 'Well, isn't it?' he said.

'What's wrong with it?' said the doctor. 'Don't answer me: "Everything."
Be specific. What's wrong with the raft? What's your case, Keppel? I'd
like to have it clearer.'

'Well,' said Keppel, and gathered his forces. 'It's a half-born mind as
yet. Yes--yours, mine, and everybody's. Half born like a very young foal,
encumbered by the foetal membranes it can't shake off yet. It is
blundering about, half blinded and squinting. All our philosophies, the
best, are no better than that. Especially--'


'There is this secondary world which has worked its way into the
language everywhere, a sort of fold in the membrane that has established
itself in a thousand metaphors, got itself most unwarrantably taken for
granted by nearly everybody. Other worldliness, the idea of a ghost
world, a spirit world, side by side with actuality. It overlaps and lies
beside reality, like it and yet different; a parody of it done in
phantoms; a sort of fuddled overlap; a universe of imaginary emanations,
the consequence of congenital squint. Beside every man we see his
spirit--which is not really there--beside the universe we imagine a
Great Spirit. Whenever the mental going is a bit hard, whenever our
intellectual eyes feel the glare of truth, we lose focus and slither off
into Ghostland. Ghostland is halfway to dreamland, where all rational
checks are lost. In Ghostland, that world of the spirit, you can find
unlimited justifications for your impulses; unlimited evasions from
rational obligation. That’s my main charge against the human mind; this
persistent confusing dualism. The last achievement of the human mind is
to see life simply and see it whole,'

('That boy at Gorpel,' reflected Davis.)

'But we're getting it straighter now,' said the doctor,

'We've got new influences coming in,' said Davis.

'But that isn't all,' said Keppel, ignoring those new influences. 'There
are other things wrong with the silly creature.'

'Homo sapiens,' whispered the doctor.

'Homo superbus, I suggest.'

'Let's have the full indictment.'

'The creature hardly ever becomes adult. Hardly any of us grow up
fully. Particularly do we dread and shirk complete personal
responsibility--which is what being adult means. Man is the boy who
won't grow up, but he grows monstrous clumsy and heavy at times all the
same, a Goering monster, a Mussolini--the bouncing boys of Europe. Most
of us to the very end of our lives are obsessed by infantile cravings
for protection and direction, and out of these cravings come all these
impulses towards slavish subjection to gods, kings, leaders, heroes,
bosses, mystical personifications like the People, My Country Right or
Wrong, the Church, the Party, the Masses, the Proletariat. Our
imaginations hang on to some such Big Brother idea almost to the end. We
will accept almost any self-abasement rather than step out of the crowd
and be full-grown individuals. And like all cubs and puppies and larval
things, we are full of fear. What is the Sense of Sin but the
instinctive fear of an immature animal? Oh, we are doing wrong! We are
going to be punished for it! We are full of fears, fears of primal
curses and mystical sin, masochistic impulses to sacrifice and
propitiate and kneel and crawl. It paralyses our happiest impulses. It
fills our world with mean, cruel, and crazy acts.

'And what isn't purely infantile in us is at best early adolescent. Our
excess of egotism! We all have it. It is a commonplace to say man is as
over-sexed as a cageful of monkeys, but sex is only one manifestation of
his stupendous egotism. In every respect he is insanely
self-centred--beyond any biological need. No animal, not even a dog, has
the acute self-consciousness, the incessant, sore, personal jealousy of
a human being. Fear is linked to this--there is no clear boundary
here--and so is the hoarding instinct. The love of property for its own
sake comes straight out of fear. This terrified, immature thing wants to
be safe, invincibly safe, and so, by the most natural transition, fear
develops into the craving for possessions and the craving for power.
From the escape defensive to the aggressive defensive is a step. He not
only fears other beings, he hates them, he flies at them. He fights
needlessly. He is cruel. He loves to conquer. He loves to persecute....
Man! What was it Swift said? That such a creature should deal in

'Homo superbus, eh?' said the doctor. 'But listen, Keppel. Is he
really so bad as all this? Just a scared, self-defensive, immature beast
squinting at the world because he has never yet learned to look
straight? And hopeless at that? You experimental psychologists have been
cleaning up our ideas about the human mind very fast in the past thirty
or forty years. Very fast. You have been making this damaging--well, this
salutary--analysis of our motives and errors--our queer little ways.
Yes.... You couldn't have said a word of this forty years ago.... In my
profession we say a sound diagnosis is halfway to a cure. Indicating
the human mind is like sending a patient to bed for treatment. Maybe the
treatment begins at that.'

'Well?' said Keppel.

'Isn't the time almost ripe for a new education that would clear the
stuff from the creature's eyes, stiffen his backbone, teach him to think
straight and grow up? Make a man of him at last?'

Davis shook his head. He spoke rather to himself than to the others.
'Man is what we've got. Humanity is humanity. Starry souls are born not


'In guessing about these coming people,' said Keppel, 'there is one
thing we have to keep in mind. A hard, clear mind does not mean what we
call a hard individual. What we call a hard man is a stupid man, who
specializes in inflexibility to escape perplexity. But a hard, clear
mind is a clear crystalline mind; it turns about like a lens, revealing
and scrutinizing one aspect after another, one possibility after
another, and this and that necessary correlation. But anyhow, let us do
our best to imagine how this--this infiltration of intelligence is going
to work. No mighty revolutionary conspiracy--no. They will begin to say
things, question things, point things out. How will people respond?'

'Dislike, certainly,' said the doctor.

'At first, I think, they will encounter what one might call hostile
neglect. They will be said to be indecisive and ineffective. They will,
you see, be up against the Common Fool, the Natural Man in either of his
chief forms, either dispersed in mob form as the Masses, or concentrated
as a Boss. But the new kind of man will be neither, as the phrase goes,
leftish nor rightish. Then, to be colloquial, where the hell are they?
They won't be available for either side in the storm of silly wars and
civil wars, the new Thirty Years' War, massacres, revenges, and so on,
Pro-Red, Anti-Red, into which we are plainly drifting. They won't

'That should give them a spell for getting together,' said Dr. Holdman

'Not perhaps for very long. People will realize that these neutral
things they say, these impartial suggestions they make, have a certain
intrinsic power. They will be producing not fighting ideas but working
ideas. Next, especially when the Boss side of the Common Man is in the
ascendant, will come an attempt to annex their prestige and abilities in
the interests of partisan governments. They will be asked to label their
ideas for the Boss or against. If they refuse to be annexed, and
they will refuse to be annexed, they will be said to be purely
destructive, contented with nothing; accused of critical treachery.
There are bad times ahead for uncompliant sane men. They will be hated
by the right and by the left with an equal intensity.'

'Then how,' asked Dr. Holdman Stedding, 'will they ever gain any sort of
control of the world?'

'How will sanity ever gain any sort of control of the world?'

'Yes. If you think that is an identical question.'

'I am not a prophet,' said Keppel. 'I am discussing probabilities. But
given this constant seeping of clearer intelligences into our world, may
not this sort of thing happen? May not all these clearer intelligences,
confronted with the same world, confronted with the same problems; may
they not, without any sort of political or religious organization,
arrive at practically identical judgments about them--put similar values
on the same things? Without much confabulation among themselves. I cling
to the belief that for the human brain, properly working, there is one
wisdom and not many. And if it is true, as Davis thinks, that one
characteristic of this new type of mind is its resistance to crowd
suggestions, crowd loyalties, instinctive mass prejudices, and mere
phrases, then, without any political organization or party or movement
or anything of the sort, may not these strongminded individualists
everywhere begin doing sensible things and refusing to do cruel,
monstrous, and foolish things--on their own?

'We assume they are going to be very capable, self-reliant people, able
to do all sorts of things. Quite a large proportion of the scientific,
medical, mechanical, administrative positions in the world are likely
therefore to fall into their hands as they spread and increase, and
their ways of thinking and acting are likely to infect all sorts of
subordinates, workers and so on, associated with them. Yes. You have
suggested already, Doctor, that one might possibly Martianize even
ordinary people by a saner education....

'Well, then suppose presently you find an aviator in a bomber to whom it
occurs to ask: "Why in the name of blood and brains am I doing this
cruel and idotic task? Why don't I go off home again and drop this on
those solemn homicides at G.H.Q.?" And then without further hesitation
suiting the action to the thought. And when he comes down, suppose one
or two men on the ground agree with him and are not in the least
indignant? And in fact stand by him. Even the Roman gladiators had the
wit to revolt. The Christian name of the new fighting experts we are
training for the air in such quantities may prove to be Spartacus.

'Suppose again you have a skilled worker doing some very delicate work
upon a big gun and it comes quite clearly into his head that it will be
better for the world if that gun does not shoot. Will it shoot? Or it is
a chemist manufacturing explosives. That sort of thing will certainly
become quite a problem as the Martians multiply. Your blustering
demagogue or your blustering dictator feels ill and needs an operation,
and there is either a disastrous patriotic quack who will make a mess of
him anyhow, or some quiet, self-reliant, but incalculable man with
knowledge and a needle or scalpel, able to kill or cure. Why should he

'The dictator will glare his cheap overpowering personality at him as
far as his illness permits. Much a Martian will care. He for his part
will be entirely unmelodramatic. It is your world against mine, he will
say, and he will do what he thinks best for the world, and keep his own
counsel. Power would be with the experts already, if only they had
enough lucidity to take it. And it needs such a small step forward in

'But this is--sabotage!' said Dr. Holdman Stedding.

'The only reasonably reply to unreasonable compulsion is sabotage.'

'And you hint even at assassination.'

'I don't hint. Hint indeed! I speak plainly of assassination--if
shooting mad dogs or rogue elephants is assassination. Assassination is
the legitimate assertion of personal dignity in the face of
dictatorship. It is not merely a right; it is a duty. A sacred duty. A
dictator is an outlaw. He has outlawed himself. He exists and he
degrades you by his mere existence. He imposes filthy tasks upon you. He
can conscript you. He confronts you with a choice of evils. It is surely
better to kill your dictator than let him make you kill other
people--directly or indirectly. You can tell him: "You be damned" if you
are strong enough; if that stops him, you can be merciful to him; but if
you are not strong enough, you must kill. What else can you do? As a
law-abiding man?'

'Awful,' said the doctor.

'Plain common sense.'

'No end of your Martians will get shot--if this is to be their line.'

'They will be shot to good purpose,' said Davis.

'Shooting them will do the old order no good,' said Keppel, 'There will
always be more of these cool-brained gentlemen now. Trust those cosmic
rays now they have begun. Trust the undying intelligence behind our
minds. In a fools' world sane men will have a bad time anyhow; but they
can help wind up the world of fools even if they cannot hope to see it
out. One sane man will follow another; one sane man will understand
another, more and more clearly. A sort of etiquette of the sane will
come into operation. They will stand by each other. In spite of bad
laws, in spite of foolish authority.'

'A revolution--without even a revolutionary organization?'

'No revolution. Something better than a revolution. A revolution is just
a social turnover. A revolution changes nothing essential. What is a
revolution really? There is an increasing disequilibrium of classes or
groups, the centre of gravity shifts, the clumsy raft turns over, and a
different side of the old stuff comes uppermost. That is all there is in
a revolution. What I am talking about is not a revolution; it is a new
kind of behaviour; it is daybreak.'

'The Enlightenment,' said Davis, trying a phrase.

'Which is coming,' said Keppel with sudden access of emphasis,
'Martians or no Martians....'

'But, my dear Keppel,' said the doctor, 'isn't this stuff you are
talking just anarchism?'

'It would be anarchism, I suppose; it would mean "back to chaos," if it
were not true that all sane minds released from individual motives and
individual obsessions move in the same direction towards practically the
same conclusions. Human minds just as much as Martians'. Rational minds
don't disagree so much as people pretend. They have to follow quite
definite laws. We misunderstand. We don't pause to understand. We let
life hustle us along. Every tyranny in the world lives--and such systems
have always lived--in a perpetual struggle against plain knowledge and
illuminating discussion. We are living--let us face the facts--in a
lunatic asylum crowded with patients prevented from knowledge and afraid
to go sane.'

He paused and pushed the cigar-boxes towards his guests. 'A world gone
sane,' said Davis.

'Planetary psycho-therapeutics,' said the doctor. 'A sane world, my
masters--and then?'


Professor Keppel Is Inspired To Foretell the End Of Humanity


'I wish, Keppel,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding, after a reflective pause,
'I wish you would say something about the world these starry folk of
yours--of ours--are likely to make here. In my way, as you know, I'm an
amateur of Utopias and Future Worlds--and, God, how unpleasant they are!
They come tumbling into my collection now, a score or so every year. I
sometimes wish I hadn't begun it. But if these star-men of yours do
gradually spread a network of sanity about the world and stop what you
call the Common Fool--Demos, Homo pseudo-sapiens--from ravening,
grabbing, and destroying--just by barring his way, refusing to implement
his silly impulses, and telling him plainly not to, then--can we, even
in general terms, imagine the sort of world they are likely to make of
it? What would a world of human beings that had, as Davis has put it,
gone sane be like?'

'Let us admit,' said Keppel, 'that this is attempting the most
impossible of tasks. The hypothesis is that these coming supermen are
strong-witted, better-balanced, and altogether wiser than we are. How
can we begin to put our imaginations into their minds and figure out
what they will think or do? If our intelligences were as tall as theirs,
we should be making their world now.'

'In general terms,' persuaded Dr. Holdman Stedding, gently obstetric as
ever. 'Try.'

'Well, perhaps, in general terms, we may be able to say a few things
at least about what their world will not be. You--what do you find in
all these Utopias and Visions of the Future of yours? I suppose you get
the same stuff over and over again, first of all caricatures of current
novelties--skyscrapers five thousand feet high, aeroplanes at two
thousand miles an hour, radio receivers on your wrist-watch; secondly,
discursive minor novelties along the lines of current research; thirdly,
attempts to be startling in artistic matters by putting it all in an
insanely unusual and extravagant decor; and, finally, odd little
fancies about sex relations and a scornfully critical attitude towards
the present time. But these people of the future are invariably
represented as being--I put it mildly--prigs and damned fools. World
peace is assumed, but the atmosphere of security simply makes them seem
rather aimless, fattish, and out of training. They are collectively up
to nothing--or they are off in a storm of collective hysteria to conquer
the moon or some remote nonsense of that sort. Imaginative starvation.
They have apparently made no advances whatever in subtlety, delicacy,
simplicity. Rather the reverse. They never say a witty thing; they never
do a charming act. The general effect is of very pink, rather absurdly
dressed celluloid dolls living on taboids in the glass lavatory. That's
about true isn't it?'

'Lamentably so,' smiled the doctor. 'Nobody seems able to do much
better. Some of 'em try to put it over portentously. Some make faces as
they do it. But whether you preach about the Future or sneer about the
Future, it remains, all the same; an empty sack that won't stand up.'

'Alternative to these progressive Utopias,' said Keppel, carefully not
looking at Davis, 'the future world relapses into the romantic stench of
a not very carefully preserved past?... You don't believe either story
of course; none of us do; but the trouble is that we have no material in
our minds out of which we can build a concrete vision of things to come.
How can we see or feel the future until we have made the future and are
actually there? All the same--'


Dr. Holdman Stedding was amused to see his friend descending into the
pit in which so many a prophet had preceded him and perished.


'If we stick to general terms. Some things we may be sure of. At
least--so far as my intelligence goes. This new starry race into which
our own is passing is going to be clearer in every way--clearer--less
moved, that is, by herd influences. Apart from their natural aptitudes
they will have escaped all the mis-education and mental contagion that
today nobody escapes completely. They will not only be abler people in
themselves but they will be better educated. They will co-operate to
make the world a world of peace. About that all sane minds must think
alike. They will keep the peace. That Pax Mundi will not be any sort of
repressive peace. Why should it be? At a certain stage in the--in the
mental treatment of our world, there may have to be a certain amount
of fighting and killing, police hunts for would-be dictators and
gangsters and so forth, but I doubt if intelligences more and more able
to control the genes will need to eliminate undesirable types by force.
Sanity will ride this planet with fine hands. No spurs. No sawing at the

'Certainly there will be a World Pax. That is to say, except for the
obstacles of Nature and the vagaries of climate, a man will be free to
go anywhere he pleases and exercise the rights and duties of a citizen
wherever he goes. An abundance system of economics and not a want system
of pressures and exactions. Everywhere your needs will be satisfied. You
will take not thought for the morrow so far as food, comfort, and
dignity go. No burden of toil in that saner world, and very little work
that is not pleasant and interesting. All that is possible even today.
To suppose the world saner is to suppose such things will be brought
about. One is merely expanding the word "sanity."

'But when it comes to visualizing the new world, the difficulties
increase. To attempt that is in fact trying to anticipate all that will
happen generation after generation in millions of brains, each one of
them not only better than my own but better equipped. They will make a
sort of garden of the planet. That seems reasonable. Probably they will
leave some of it a wild garden. They will readjust the balance of life,
which swings about nowadays with some very ugly variations. Who wants to
see locusts swarming over cornfields, or weed-choked rivers flooding and
rotting a forest district, or a plague of brown rats, or a lagoon
crawling with crocodiles, or pastures smothered acre by acre, mile by
mile, under blown sand? Making a garden of the world doesn't mean
bandstands, fountains, marble terraces, promenades; it doesn't even mean
the abolition of danger, but it does mean a firm control of old Nature
in her filthier moods. And it does mean intelligence in economic life.
No sane enterprise would give us ugly factories, hopeless industrial
regions, intolerable noises, slag-heaps, overcrowding here and
desolation there. Sanity is the antithesis of all that. It's the ape has
made this mess with our machinery. Today we are still such fools that
none of us can solve the complicated but surely quite finite riddle of
private property and money. That beats us--just as the common cold beats
us--or cancer. It tangles up on us and chokes economic life. It inflames
our instinct of self-preservation to an incessant acquisitive warfare. A
little matter of distributing our products and we are defeated.

'Serenity. Certitide means serenity. You may say what you like about
this world to come, but rest assured that it will be not only a richer
but a more beautiful world, as various as it is today and with all the
beauty of land that is intelligently loved and cared for. Green slopes
under trees. Glimpses of a proud and happy river. Mountains and the
clear distances of great plains. I can see it all like that. Do you
realize that in this world today there is hardly such a thing as an
altogether healthy full-grown tree?

'And then about the way they will live, while still sticking to general
terms, we can say something. We can be sure of certain things; The
universe is rhythm. Throughout. There is a music of the atoms as well as
a music of the spheres. Every living creature is an intricately rhythmic
thing. It rejoices in rhythms corresponding to the complexity of its
sensibilities. These masterful people with their control over materials,
over all the forces of the world and over their own nervous reactions,
are not going to starve their aesthetic impulses. It is impossible that
they should not have music and dancing in the normal course of their
lives; that they should not have vigorous and beautiful bodies and that
they should not be richly and variously clad. The variations will be
subtle; you will have none of the clamorous grotesqueness of a
fancy-dress ball. It is ridiculous even to try and picture that sort of
thing now. Their music may not be our raucous bang, bang, bump stuff,
their decorations may not be many repetitions of noughts and crosses,
whirls and twiddles, but trust them nevertheless for music,
architecture, and decoration.

'And their social life? They are likely to be highly individualized,
personally more varied, and so they are likely to find much more
interest even than we do in assemblies, parties, and personal
encounters. People who don't find other people exciting will go into
retirement and their sort will die out. Savages like gatherings; people
like them just as much today; there are no intimations of any decline in
social pleasure. I suppose these inheritors of our world will be what we
call lovers, with keen appreciation of the beauties both of character
and body. I suppose that, being born of women and living
interdependently in a large society, they will want and find
satisfactions in companionship, friendship, partnership, and caresses.
Maybe they will pass through an emotional adolescence and have their
storms of individual possessiveness, inflamed egotism, intense physical
desire. The individual will repeat something of the romantic experiences
of the race. That's still sound developmental theory; isn't it, Doctor?
Why anticipate a bleak rationalism in these things? Blood that does not
circulate festers; imaginations that are not stirred decay. But these
people will be going through these experiences in an atmosphere of
understanding and freedom, with a better morale about them, a lovelier
poetry to guide them, a pervasive, penetrating contempt for ugliness,
vanity, and mere mean competitiveness and self-assertion. How can we,
who live in a whirl of sexual catch-as-catch-can--I score off you and
you score off me--bounded on the north by what frightened people call
"purity," on the south by the tout nu ballet, on the east by a fear of
offspring, and on the west by a sewer of envious ridicule, how can we
imagine what the sexual life of sane men and women can be like?'

'Phew!' said the doctor.

'You disagree with that description?'

'I wish I could. But you draw with a heavy line, Keppel.'

'Everybody wants to love,' said Davis suddenly, 'and everybody makes a
mess of it. Every one. Suspicion. Misunderstanding....'

It was one of those sayings that leave nothing to be said.


'You do give us,' said the doctor, with the air of opening a new
chapter, 'some idea of these starry ladies and gentlemen, fine-living
and full-living, who may inherit our earth. We don't see them directly,
I admit, but when you talk, Keppel, it is as if we saw and heard the
grace and colour of their brightly lit movements, dimly reflected on a
distant wall. But they go about their business out of sight of us. Their
business? Business today is mainly getting the better of each other and
getting things away from each other. All that apparently is to end. No
Wall Street, no Exchange, no City, no Turf, no Casino. What will their
business be, Keppel? What will occupy them? What will they be doing? Can
you say anything of that?'

'You make me feel like the sculptor's dog trying to explain his master's
life to the musician's cat.'

'But--in general terms.'

'Yes. I think one can even say something about that. Every living organ
has in it an urge to exercise, and the greatest pleasure of a living
thing comes through a satisfactory use of its powers. Our successors
will have incessant minds. Even we poor creatures of today use our minds
and bodies in games and exercises and all sorts of rather feeble
amateurisms, as much as we can. We hate being unemployed.

'But men who are keenly interested in scientific or creative work are
very little addicted to games. Your games-player is a pervert who
fiddles about with his mind because he is unable to use it, good and
hard, for a definable natural end. Hunting was a great game in the past;
and war, when you get down to it, is only a monstrously expensive and
destructive hunting. For want of better imaginations. War will go when
boredom goes....

'But you need not worry to find jobs for the new-comers now. These heirs
of ours will have their impulses to exercise skill, to discover and
impose new patterns upon life, much more powerfully developed and much
more intelligently adjusted. They will be enormously interested by
research and by making and controlling things. They will--it seems to be
to go without saying--be much more alive to things. Immensely--I
really mean immensely--amused. Research and artistic exploration are
full of surprises. They will be constantly coming on unexpected things.
They will be busy, laughing people. Nobody can know the extent of the
unknown, but the interest we find in life is only limited by our
physical and mental limitations.... The saner the merrier.'

Keppel paused and screwed up his face. 'It is curious,' he said, 'that
what I am saying now would arouse an intense antagonism in a great
number of people if they could hear me. Here tonight we three are more
or less in accord, because we have been travelling the same road
together. Insensibly we have trained ourselves and each other. But
bringing a human mind up against the living idea of progress is like
bringing a badly trained dog into a house; its first impulse is to
defile the furniture.

'Stupid people are offended by anything they do not understand or cannot
master. They become spiteful and want to destroy it and banish it from
their thoughts. I suppose if there were no guardians and watchers in our
picture galleries, there is not a masterpiece that would not be defaced
maliciously within a year. And probably defaced--filthily.

'But even contemporary man is emerging from that jealousy of what he
cannot subdue. I am bound to believe our heirs will always find plenty
to do and that this world community will be growing in knowledge, power,
beauty, interest, steadily and delightfully. They will be capable of
knowledge I cannot even dream about; they will gain powers over space,
time, existence, such as we cannot conceive. Not even in general terms.
There you are. In general terms--that is what I see before us. Like a
great door beginning to open. Sanity coming, sanity growing, broadening
power, quickening tempo, and such a great life ahead as will make the
whole course of history up to the present day seem like a crazy,
incredible nightmare before the dawn. That is what I believe in my


'And that greater world,' said the doctor, 'really exists for you,
Keppel? In such general terms as you use. But it exists?'


'Away ahead--not so hopelessly far perhaps?'

'Integral to this scheme of space and time.'

'One might even, in certain moods, Keppel, feel a kind of nostalgia--?'

'One might,' agreed Keppel compactly. And then: 'My God! one does.'

'And that music of theirs we shall never hear, that perfect health they
will have we shall never enjoy, those enhanced senses--they are not for
us; the whole world cared for lovingly, the very beasts subdued and
trained by kindness and every living man and woman with an intelligible
purpose in life. That distant world. Have you never had a glimpse of
that sane world of yours--in anything more than general terms? Nothing
concrete with colour and substance, Keppel--not even in a dream?'

'Yes. I do dream. I dream that I dream about it. I confess it. Often.
And when I awake it escapes me, it vanishes.... Dissolves into the
turbid current of present things and is lost altogether.'

For a moment Keppel spoke without restraint.

'Lost altogether,' he said. 'Leaving not a wrack behind.... Well,
something is left. A sense of life frustrated. A sense of irreparable
loss. Oh! The life that might be--the life that may be--the life that
will be! This life that is not for us! This life we might have had,
instead of these mere compromises and consolations which make up life

'Keppel,' said the doctor, 'let us be plain about this--you are
foretelling now the end of common humanity. No less. This would not be
human life. This new world is something beyond all ordinary experience,
something alien.'

'Yes,' said Keppel.

And then he said something that startled Davis.

'That is where my hate goes,' he said. 'I hate common humanity. This
oafish crowd which tramples the ground whence my cloud-capped pinnacles
might rise. I am tired of humanity--beyond measure. Take it away. This
gaping, stinking, bombing, shooting, throat-slitting, cringing brawl of
gawky, under-nourished riff-raff. Clear the earth of them!'

'You do not even pity poor humanity?'

'I pity it in myself and everywhere. But I hate it none the less. I
hate it....'


Davis sat deep in thought.

'Keppel,' he said abruptly. 'Do you believe all this--about these
coming people? Or are you just talking? Tell me that clearly. Are you
sure the world, after a few more troubled decades, a troubled age or so
at most, will go sane?'

Keppel hung fire for a moment. Then he said: 'No'

'H'm,' said Davis, and then with a flash of intuition: 'But do you
disbelieve it?'

Keppel smiled the smile of a friendly and yet mischievous gnome. 'No,'
he repeated with equal conviction.

'And that also,' said Dr. Holdman Stedding, after a moment's
deliberation, 'is my position.'


Mr. Joseph Davis Tears Up a Manuscript


One day in October while that table talk of Keppel's was still very
vivid in the mind of Mr. Joseph Davis, G. B. Query, his Literary Agent,
called to see him and discuss his prospects for the coming year. How was
the great work getting on about which Davis had spoken a year ago? Was
it sufficiently in shape to negotiate? What had he called it after all?
The Glorious Succession? Sword and Cross? The Undying Past? Our Mighty
Heritage? Grand Parade of Humanity?

G. B. Q. couldn't remember. G. B. Q. had heard nothing about Davis for
months. He was quite out of touch.

Davis stood defiantly in front of his study fire.

'I've not looked at it for half a year,' he said.

'I've decided at last--I'm not going to finish it. Ever. It's on the
wrong lines.'

'But you had done a lot of work upon it. You even let me see some
passages. They seemed to me quite a splendid beginning.'

'It got more and more splendid. It became like an altar screen of saints
and heroes. It became like a cathedral. It became like the great grotto
at Han. It became a sort of compendium of all the epics and sagas and
all the patriotic history and all the romance and all the brave stuff
human beings have told themselves about themselves since the very
beginning of things. It took on more colour and more. It blew out like a
magnificent bubble. And it burst. There's heaps of it in these drawers.'

'But--' protested Mr. Query. 'The Pageant of Mankind.'

'The bankruptcy,' said Davis compactly.

'You of all people! You're not joining the pessimists!?'

'Have you never heard of the Martians?'

'But that I thought was just a pseudo-scientific mystification.'

'It's a fact. Our world is in liquidation. We are played out. And they
are coming, they are coming now, to succeed us and make a new world.'

Mr. Query considered this announcement. It was not his business to
measure the mental balance of his clients. Davis was not joking. He
believed what he was saying, simply and entirely.

'Maybe you will write something about that?' said Mr. Query.

'I belong to the bankrupt system,' said Davis, 'one of the
inconvertibles--one of the encumbrances. Gradually as our agreements
fall in I mean all my books to go out of print.'

Mr. Query opened out his hand helplessly. On the spur of the moment he
could summon no argument against this immense withdrawal.

'A new world is coming,' said Davis, 'and I have tied myself to the old.
I know better now, but there it is.'

Query roused himself to say something more, but he knew the case was
hopeless even while he spoke. He didn't argue now. He lamented.

'Just now,' he said. 'When people need encouragement. They feel so
doubtful. Where they are going? What is happening? Even about the
Coronation? Perplexing issues everywhere. Armament? After the Peace
Ballot! America too. Profoundly unsettled. And now you too! Your book
would have been a great success--a heartening success. A certainty. It
would have sold like hot cakes. Even H. V. Morton would have had to look
to his laurels....'

He stood up. He shrugged his shoulders helplessly.

'It is a very great pity.'


Davis showed his visitor out and returned to his study. For a time he
stood on his hearth-rug staring at nothing. Then with a certain
deliberation he unlocked various drawers and took out a number of
folders. He arranged these carefully on his writing-desk and
contemplated the accumulation. He opened one or two and read passages.
He grimaced, pushed his chair back a foot or so, turned aside from his
work, and fell into a profound meditation.

The great book was dead.

It was stillborn--an abortion. He would never publish any of it.

'And I wrote that stuff,' he reflected. 'I wrote that. Only a few
months ago....

'I've done with it.'

He repeated Query's words aloud. He mimicked his manner. 'It would have
sold like hot cakes ... A great success. A certainty....'

He discovered a new streak in his own composition. What was it in him
that had turned now against successfulness? he asked himself. What was
it in him that was making him thrust himself contrariwise to his own
reasonable disposition to go with the swim? What had divided him against
himself? He realized quite vividly that people were eager beyond measure
to be told that all was right with the world. Never had the market for
reassurance, for brave optimism, been so promising as in these
frightened years. It was true as Query had said that the piled MSS
before him represented a sure success. His phrase-making mind struck
out: 'I've done with lullabies. Let them wake up as I am doing....

'Wake up to what?' he asked and started another train of thought.

Suddenly he felt very small and feeble and lonely, and it seemed to him
that his universe, his immense bare modern universe, said to him:

He felt that for a moment, he must leave that challenge unanswered. A
desire to go to his wife and talk to her arose in him.

He found her waiting to give him his tea. She smiled a silent welcome.
'So you saw Query?' she said.

'I told him the great book was off.'

'I thought you might do that.'

'I haven't touched it for ages.'

'I know.'

He sat down on the sofa and found there a book she had put down on his
entry. He picked up the slender volume. It was one of his earliest
successes in the heroic style, Alexander, or Youth the Conqueror.

'You don't often read me, Mary,' he said.

‘I've been reading a lot of you lately.'


'Because--I'm no good at talking, dear, and I want more and more to
understand you.'

'Latterly I've been trying to understand myself.'

'I know that,' she said, and poured out his tea.

He turned over the pages of the book. 'I wonder what you make of

'If you were really a properly cultivated woman, Mary, instead of being
a wild, natural, poetic thing out of Lewis and Glasgow, you'd reel off a
yard of trite criticism straightaway. But you, being you, sit there, too
wise to chatter. Because for you, you of all people, it would be an
incredibly difficult thing to say, truly and gently, what you think of
me. But that book puzzles you. Well, it puzzles me too now....

'Mary, I want to talk to you. I'm frightfully troubled--in my mind.'

'I've known that. I know. It is something about these Martians. I don't
understand. But I feel it there.'

'Tremendous things, Mary, are happening to the world--incredible things.
It is time I said something. These so-called Martians--you have seen
foolish and inexact things in the papers. You do not realize how close
it comes to us, how nearly it touches us. It means something new in the
world is being born again, Mary. And strangely.... I cannot tell you
everything. But I have been drifting all my life, and all the time I
have drifted, this tremendous thing I speak of has been happening to the
world. The world has swung round with a sort of smooth swiftness into a
new course. How can I tell you? I was deaf and blind.... Now I see....'

He felt his great explanation was impossible, for the present at any

'I want to rest for a time. I want to think.'

'I have known your work was worrying you,' she said. 'Dear, I've known
that. I have felt you wanted a rest.... Whatever I can do to help

'Bear with me,' he whispered and felt he could tell no more.

'I must rest, dear,' he repeated. 'I must think things over. I must get
things clearer in my head. I must make new plans.'


He walked to the door of his study and she followed him. He stared at
the files of the abandoned opus and with her at his side went across the
landing to the nursery.

He surveyed his sleeping son for a while and then let his eyes wander
about the neat, bright room.

'That's a fine big rubbish basket,' he said abruptly.

She thought that a queer thing for him to say.

'It's a good basket to bundle things into when they get too much in the
way,' she admitted. 'I bought it yesterday.'

'It's a great basket,' he agreed and seemed to forget about it.

He returned to his study and sat down there among the piled manuscripts.
Mary after a thoughtful moment went downstairs. When she came upstairs
again she went to look at him in his study but she found he had gone
back to the nursery. There she discovered him seated in the nurse's
armchair with that fine big rubbish basket he had admired before his
knees. On a chair at his side was a large pile of manuscript and this he
was taking twenty or thirty sheets at a time and tearing, tearing into
little fragments. He was facing the cot. It was as if he was tearing the
paper at the sleeping child.

'What are you doing?' she asked.

'Tearing it up. Tearing it all up.'

'The Pageant of Mankind?'


'But there was such good writing in it.'

'No matter, nothing to the writing that will come.'

He pointed to his son. 'He will do better,' he said. 'He will do better.
I'm tearing up the past to make way for him. Him and his kind--in their

'No one can tear up the past,' she said.

'You can tear up every lie that has ever been told about it. And mostly
we have lied about it. Mythology, fantasy, elaborated misconceptions.
Some of the truth is coming out now. But it is only beginning to be
told. Let the new race begin clean.'

'The new race?' she questioned.

He went on tearing and thinking while he tore,

Should he tell her what he knew she was? Should he tell her what their
child was? No. The creatures must find themselves out in their own time.
They must realize in their own fashion the reason for their instinctive
detachment from this old played-out world. Maybe she was on the verge of
that awakening. But it must come by degrees.

He glanced up for a moment and then averted his eyes from her grave
scrutiny. He took up another handful of sheets and began to tear them.

'Every generation,' he quibbled, 'is a new race. Every generation begins

'But every one,' she said, 'is always beginning.'

'No. It has taken me half a lifetime to free even myself--even to begin
to free myself--from religious falsehoods and from historical lies and
from tradition and slavish carrying on with the patterns of past things.
Even now am I sure that I am free?'

'But you have begun!'

'I doubt,' he said, 'whether I and my sort are made for fresh

'But what else are you made for?' she asked. 'You of all people! Look
even at this that you are doing and saying now!'

And then she did a wonderful thing for him. She could have done nothing
better. She came across the room to him and bent down over him and
brought her face very close to his. 'If I could help you....' she

'You see, dear,' she said, in a low, hurried voice, with both hands on
his shoulders, 'I know you are terribly troubled in your mind--bothered
with new ideas that crowd and crowd upon one another. I know you are
worried--even about these Martians in the papers. I know that. I wish I
understood better. I'm slow. I don't keep pace with you. If I could--!
If only I could! I feel very often I don't get what you are driving at
until it is too late, I make some flat reply. And then you are hurt.
Darling, you are so easily hurt. That imagination of yours dances about
like quicksilver. Sometimes I think--you seem hardly to belong to this

She had a freakish idea.

'Is it that?' she said.

She moved round to look him in the face. 'Joe! Joe, dear! Tell me....'

Would the jest offend him? No. She stood away from him and put out a
finger at him. 'Joe! You aren't by any chance a sort of fairy
changeling? Not--not one of these Martians?'

He stopped tearing the scraps of paper in his hand. A sort of fairy
changeling? Not one of these Martians? He stared at this new, this
tremendous idea, for a time. 'Me!' he said at last. 'You think that
of me!'

The miracle happened in an instant.

A great light seemed to irradiate and in a moment to tranquillize the
troubled ocean of his disordered mind. The final phase of his mental
pacification was very swift indeed. At a stroke everything became
coherent and plain to him. Everything fell into place. He had, he
realized, completed his great disclosure with this culminating
discovery. His mind swung round full compass and clicked into place. He
too was star-born! He too was one of these invaders and strangers and
innovators to our fantastic planet, who were crowding into life and
making it over anew! Throwing the torn scraps into a basket and
beginning again in the nursery. Fantastic how long it had taken him to
realize this!

'Of course!' he whispered.

His mind had gone all round the world indeed, but only to discover
himself and his home again in a new orientation. He stood up abruptly,
stared at Mary as though he had that moment realized her existence, and
then slowly and silently took her in his arms and put his cheek to hers.

'You were star-begotten,' he said, 'and so was I.'

She nodded agreement. If he wished it, so be it.

'Starry changelings both,' he said presently. 'And not afraid--even of
the uttermost change.'

'Why should one fear change?' she asked, trying hard to follow these
flickering thoughts of his. 'Why should one be afraid of change? All
life is change. Why should we fear it?'

The child lay on its side in its cot in a dreamless sleep. It scarcely
seemed to breathe. The expression of that flushed little face with its
closed eyes was one of veiled determination. One small clenched fist
peeped over the coverlet. Afraid of change? Afraid of the renascence to

Never, he thought, had anything in the world looked so calmly and
steadfastly resolved to assert its right to think and act in its own way
in its own time.


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