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Title: Roxana (1724)
Author: Daniel Defoe
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Language:  English
Date first posted: November 2006
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Title: Roxana (1724)
Author: Daniel Defoe

The Fortunate Mistress:
A History of the Life and Vast Variety of Fortunes
Mademoiselle de Beleau,
afterwards call'd
The Countess de Wintselsheim, in Germany.
Being the Person known by the Name of the Lady Roxana,
in the Time of King Charles II.

Chapter  1

I was born, as my friends told me, at the city of Poitiers, in the
province or county of Poitou in France, from whence I was brought to
England by my parents, who fled for their religion about the year 1683,
when the Protestants were banished from France by the cruelty of their

I, who knew little or nothing of what I was brought over hither for, was
well enough pleased with being here. London, a large and gay city, took
with me mighty well, who from my being a child loved a crowd and to see
a great many fine folks.

I retained nothing of France but the language. My father and mother,
being people of better fashion than ordinarily the people called
refugees at that time were, and having fled early while it was easy to
secure their effects, had, before their coming over, remitted
considerable sums of money, or, as I remember, a considerable value in
French brandy, paper, and other goods; and these selling very much to
advantage here, my father was in very good circumstances at his coming
over, so that he was far from applying to the rest of our nation that
were here for countenance and relief. On the contrary, he had his door
continually thronged with miserable objects of the poor starving
creatures, who at that time fled hither for shelter on account of
conscience or something else.

I have indeed heard my father say that he was pestered with a great many
of those who for any religion they had might e'en have stayed where they
were, but who flocked over hither in droves for what they call in
English a livelihood; hearing with what open arms the refugees were
received in England, and how they fell readily into business, being by
the charitable assistance of the people in London encouraged to work in
their manufactures, in Spitalfields, Canterbury, and other places, and
that they had a much better price for their work than in France and the

My father, I say, told me that he was more pestered with the clamours of
these people than of those who were truly refugees and fled in distress
merely for conscience.

I was about ten years old when I was brought over hither, where, as I
have said, my father lived in very good circumstances and died in about
eleven years more; in which time, as I had accomplished myself for the
sociable part of the world, so I had acquainted myself with some of our
English neighbours, as is the custom in London; and as, while I was
young, I had picked up three or four play-fellows and companions
suitable to my years, so as we grew bigger we learnt to call one another
intimates and friends, and this forwarded very much the finishing me for
conversation and the world.

I went to English schools, and, being young, I learnt the English tongue
perfectly well, with all the customs of the English young women; so that
I retained nothing of the French but the speech, nor did I so much as
keep any remains of the French language tagged to my way of speaking, as
most foreigners do, but spoke what we call natural English, as if I had
been born here.

Being to give my own character, I must be excused to give it as
impartially as possible, and as if I was speaking of another body; and
the sequel will leave you to judge whether I flatter myself or no.

I was (speaking of myself as about fourteen years of age) tall and very
well made, sharp as a hawk in matters of common knowledge, quick and
smart in discourse, apt to be satirical, full of repartee, and a little
too forward in conversation; or, as we call it in English, bold, though
perfectly modest in my behaviour. Being French born, I danced, as some
say, naturally, loved it extremely, and sang well also; and so well,
that, as you will hear, it was afterwards some advantage to me. With all
these things, I wanted neither wit, beauty, nor money. In this manner I
set out into the world, having all the advantages that any young woman
could desire to recommend me to others and form a prospect of happy
living to myself.

At about fifteen years of age my father gave me, as he called it in
French, 25,000 livres, that is to say, two thousand pounds portion, and
married me to an eminent brewer in the City. Pardon me if I conceal his
name, for though he was the foundation of my ruin, I cannot take so
severe a revenge upon him.

With this thing called a husband I lived eight years in good fashion,
and for some part of the time kept a coach; that is to say, a kind of
mock coach, for all the week the horses were kept at work in the dray
carts, but on Sunday I had the privilege to go abroad in my chariot,
either to church or otherwise, as my husband and I could agree about it;
which, by the way, was not very often. But of that hereafter.

Before I proceed in the history of the married part of my life, you must
allow me to give as impartial an account of my husband as I have done of
myself. He was a jolly, handsome fellow as any woman need wish for a
companion, tall and well made, rather a little too large, but not so as
to be ungenteel; he danced well, which I think was the first thing that
brought us together. He had an old father who managed the business
carefully, so that he had little of that part laid on him but now and
then to appear and show himself; and he took the advantage of it, for he
troubled himself very little about it, but went abroad, kept company,
hunted much, and loved it exceedingly.

After I have told you that he was a handsome man and a good sportsman, I
have indeed said all; and unhappy was I--like other young people of our
sex, I chose him for being a handsome, jolly fellow, as I have said--for
he was otherwise a weak, empty-headed, untaught creature as any woman
could ever desire to be coupled with. And here I must take the liberty,
whatever I have to reproach myself with in my after conduct, to turn to
my fellow creatures, the young ladies of this country, and speak to them
by way of precaution. If you have any regard to your future happiness,
any view of living comfortably with a husband, any hope of preserving
your fortunes or restoring them after any disaster, never, ladies, marry
a fool. Any husband rather than a fool. With some other husbands you may
be unhappy, but with a fool you will be miserable; with another husband
you may, I say, be unhappy, but with a fool you must; nay, if he would,
he cannot make you easy, everything he does is so awkward, everything he
says is so empty, a woman of any sense cannot but be surfeited and sick
of him twenty times a day. What is more shocking than for a woman to
bring a handsome, comely fellow of a husband into company and then be
obliged to blush for him every time she hears him speak; to hear other
gentlemen talk sense and he able to say nothing, and so look like a
fool; or, which is worse, hear him talk nonsense and be laughed at for a

In the next place, there are so many sorts of fools, such an infinite
variety of fools, and so hard it is to know the worst of the kind, that
I am obliged to say, no fool, ladies, at all, no kind of fool; whether a
mad fool or a sober fool, a wise fool or a silly fool, take anything but
a fool; nay, be anything, be even an old maid, the worst of nature's
curses, rather than take up with a fool.

But to leave this awhile, for I shall have occasion to speak of it
again, my case was particularly hard, for I had a variety of foolish
things complicated in this unhappy match.

First, and which I must confess is very unsufferable, he was a conceited
fool, tout opinitre; everything he said was right, was best, and was to
the purpose, whoever was in company and whatever was advanced by others,
though with the greatest modesty imaginable. And yet when he came to
defend what he had said by argument and reason, he would do it so
weakly, so emptily, and so nothing to the purpose, that it was enough to
make anybody that heard him sick and ashamed of him.

Secondly, he was positive and obstinate, and the most positive in the
most simple and inconsistent things such as were intolerable to bear.

These two articles, if there had been no more, qualified him to be a
most unbearable creature for a husband, and so it may be supposed at
first sight what kind of life I led with him. However, I did as well as
I could and held my tongue, which was the only victory I gained over
him; for when he would talk after his own empty rattling way with me,
and I would not answer or enter into discourse with him on the point he
was upon, he would rise up in the greatest passion imaginable and go
away, which was the cheapest way I had to be delivered.

I could enlarge here much upon the method I took to make my life
passable and easy with the most incorrigible temper in the world, but it
is too long and the articles too trifling. I shall mention some of them
as the circumstances I am to relate shall necessarily bring them in.

After I had been married about four years my own father died, my mother
having been dead before. He liked my match so ill, and saw so little
room to be satisfied with the conduct of my husband, that though he left
me 5,000 livres and more at his death, yet he left it in the hands of my
elder brother, who, running on too rashly in his adventures as a
merchant, failed, and lost not only what he had but what he had for me
too, as you shall hear presently.

Thus I lost the last gift of my father's bounty by having a husband not
fit to be trusted with it; there's one of the benefits of marrying a

Within two years after my own father's death my husband's father also
died, and, as I thought, left him a considerable addition to his estate;
the whole trade of the brewhouse, which was a very good one, being now
his own.

But this addition to his stock was his ruin, for he had no genius to
business. He had no knowledge of his accounts; he bustled a little about
it indeed at first, and put on a face of business, but he soon grew
slack. It was below him to inspect his books, he committed all that to
his clerks and book-keepers, and while he found money in cash to pay the
maltman and the excise, and put some in his pocket, he was perfectly
easy and indolent, let the main chance go how it would.

I foresaw the consequences of this, and attempted several times to
persuade him to apply himself to his business. I put him in mind how his
customers complained of the neglect of his servants on one hand, and how
abundance broke in his debt, on the other hand, for want of the clerk's
care to secure him, and the like; but he thrust me by, either with hard
words or fraudulently with representing the cases otherwise than they

However, to cut short a dull story which ought not to be long, he began
to find his trade sunk, his stock declined, and that, in short, he could
not carry on his business; and once or twice his brewing utensils were
extended for the excise, and the last time he was put to great
extremities to clear them.

This alarmed him, and he resolved to lay down his trade, which indeed I
was not sorry for; foreseeing that if he did not lay it down in time, he
would be forced to do it another way, namely, as a bankrupt. Also, I was
willing he should draw out while he had something left, lest I should
come to be stripped at home and be turned out of doors with my children,
for I had now five children by him: the only work (perhaps) that fools
are good for.

I thought myself happy when he got another man to take his brewhouse
clear off his hands; for, paying down a large sum of money, my husband
found himself a clear man, all his debts paid, and with between two and
three thousand pounds in his pocket. And being now obliged to remove
from the brewhouse, we took a house at ----, a village about two miles
out of town; and happy I thought myself, all things considered, that I
was got off clear upon so good terms, and had my handsome fellow had but
one capful of wit, I had been still well enough.

I proposed to him either to buy some place with the money or with part
of it, and offered to join my part to it, which was then in being and
might have been secured; so we might have lived tolerably, at least,
during his life. But as it is the part of a fool to be void of counsel,
so he neglected it, lived on as he did before, kept his horses and men,
rode every day out to the forest a-hunting, and nothing was done all
this while. But the money decreased apace, and I thought I saw my ruin
hastening on without any possible way to prevent it.

I was not wanting with all that persuasions and entreaties could
perform, but it was all fruitless; representing to him how fast our
money wasted, and what would be our condition when it was gone, made no
impression on him; but like one stupid he went on, not valuing all that
tears and lamentations could be supposed to do, nor did he abate his
figure or equipage, his horses or servants, even to the last, till he
had not a hundred pounds left in the whole world.

It was not above three years that all the ready money was thus spending
off; yet he spent it, as I may say, foolishly too, for he kept no
valuable company neither, but generally with huntsmen and
horse-coursers, and men meaner than himself, which is another
consequence of a man's being a fool. Such can never take delight in men
more wise and capable than themselves; and that makes them converse with
scoundrels, drink belch with porters, and keep company always below

This was my wretched condition, when one morning my husband told me he
was sensible he was come to a miserable condition and he would go and
seek his fortune somewhere or other. He had said something to that
purpose several times before that, upon my pressing him to consider his
circumstances and the circumstances of his family before it should be
too late. But as I found he had no meaning in anything of that kind, as
indeed he had not much in anything he ever said, so I thought they were
but words of course now. When he said he would be gone, I used to wish
secretly, and even say in my thoughts, "I wish you would, for if you go
on thus you will starve us all."

He stayed, however, at home all that day, and lay at home that night.
Early the next morning he gets out of bed, goes to a window which looked
out towards the stables, and sounds his French horn, as he called it,
which was his usual signal to call his men to go out a-hunting.

It was about the latter end of August, and so was light yet at five
o'clock, and it was about that time that I heard him and his two men go
out and shut the yard gates after them. He said nothing to me more than
as usual when he used to go out upon his sport; neither did I rise or
say anything to him that was material, but went to sleep again after he
was gone for two hours or thereabouts.

It must be a little surprising to the reader to tell him at once that
after this I never saw my husband more; but to go further, I not only
never saw him more, but I never heard from him or of him, neither of any
or either of his two servants or of the horses, either what became of
them, where or which way they went, or what they did or intended to do,
no more than if the ground had opened and swallowed them all up, and
nobody had known it, except as hereafter.

I was not for the first night or two at all surprised, no, nor very much
the first week or two, believing that if anything evil had befallen them
I should soon enough have heard of that, and also knowing that as he had
two servants and three horses with him, it would be the strangest thing
in the world that anything could befall them all, but that I must some
time or other hear of them.

But you will easily allow that as time ran on a week, two weeks, a
month, two months, and so on, I was dreadfully frighted at last, and the
more when I looked into my own circumstances and considered the
condition in which I was left; with five children and not one farthing
subsistence for them, other than about seventy pounds in money and what
few things of value I had about me, which, though considerable in
themselves, were yet nothing to feed a family, and for a length of time

What to do I knew not, nor to whom to have recourse; to keep in the
house where I was I could not, the rent being too great, and to leave it
without his order, if my husband should return, I could not think of
that neither; so that I continued extremely perplexed, melancholy, and
discouraged to the last degree.

Chapter  2

I remained in this dejected condition near a twelve-month. My husband
had two sisters, who were married and lived very well, and some other
near relations that I knew of and I hoped would do something for me, and
I frequently sent to these to know if they could give me any account of
my vagrant creature; but they all declared to me in answer that they
knew nothing about him, and, after frequent sending, began to think me
troublesome, and to let me know they thought so too by their treating my
maid with very slight and unhandsome returns to her enquiries.

This grated hard and added to my affliction, but I had no recourse but
to my tears, for I had not a friend of my own left me in the world. I
should have observed that it was about half a year before this elopement
of my husband that the disaster I mentioned above befell my brother, who
broke, and that in such bad circumstances that I had the mortification
to hear not only that he was in prison, but that there would be little
or nothing to be had by way of composition.

Misfortunes seldom come alone. This was the forerunner of my husband's
flight, and as my expectations were cut off on that side, my husband
gone, and my family of children on my hands and nothing to subsist them,
my condition was the most deplorable that words can express.

I had some plate and some jewels, as might be supposed, my fortune and
former circumstances considered, and my husband, who had never stayed to
be distressed, had not been put to the necessity of rifling me, as
husbands usually do in such cases. But as I had seen an end of all the
ready money during the long time I had lived in a state of expectation
for my husband, so I began to make away one thing after another, till
those few things of value which I had began to lessen apace, and I saw
nothing but misery and the utmost distress before me, even to have my
children starve before my face. I leave any one that is a mother of
children, and has lived in plenty and good fashion, to consider and
reflect what must be my condition. As to my husband, I had now no hope
or expectation of seeing him any more, and indeed, if I had, he was the
man of all the men in the world the least able to help me, or to have
turned his hand to the gaining one shilling towards lessening our
distress. He neither had the capacity nor the inclination; he could have
been no clerk, for he scarce wrote a legible hand; he was so far from
being able to write sense, that he could not make sense of what others
wrote; he was so far from understanding good English, that he could not
spell good English. To be out of all business was his delight, and he
would stand leaning against a post for half an hour together, with pipe
in his mouth, with all the tranquillity in the world, smoking, like
Dryden's countryman that whistled as he went, for want of thought; and
this even when his family was, as it were, starving, that little he had
wasting, and that we were all bleeding to death, he not knowing, and as
little considering, where to get another shilling when the last was

This being his temper and the extent of his capacity, I confess I did
not see so much loss in his parting with me as at first I thought I did,
though it was hard and cruel to the last degree in him not giving me the
least notice of his design; and indeed, that which I was most astonished
at was that, seeing he must certainly have intended this excursion some
few moments at least before he put it in practice, yet he did not come
and take what little stock of money we had left, or at least a share of
it, to bear his expense for a little while; but he did not, and I am
morally certain he had not five guineas with him in the world when he
went away. All that I could come to the knowledge of about him was that
he left his hunting horn, which he called the French horn, in the
stable, and his hunting saddle, went away in a handsome furniture as
they call it, which he used sometimes to travel with, having an
embroidered housing, a case of pistols, and other things belonging to
them; and one of his servants had another saddle with pistols, though
plain, and the other a long gun; so that they did not go out as
sportsmen, but rather as travellers. What part of the world they went to
I never heard for many years.

As I have said, I sent to his relations, but they sent me short and
surly answers; nor did any one of them offer to come to see me or to see
the children, or so much as to enquire after them, well perceiving that
I was in a condition that was likely to be soon troublesome to them. But
it was no time now to dally with them or with the world. I left off
sending to them and went myself among them, laid my circumstances open
to them, told them my whole case and the condition I was reduced to,
begged they would advise me what course to take, laid myself as low as
they could desire, and entreated them to consider that I was not in a
condition to help myself, and that without some assistance we must all
inevitably perish. I told them that if I had but one child, or two
children, I would have done my endeavour to have worked for them with my
needle, and should only have come to them to beg them to help me to some
work, that I might get our bread by my labour; but to think of one
single woman not bred to work, and at a loss where to get employment, to
get the bread of five children, that was not possible, some of my
children being young too, and none of them big enough to help one

It was all one; I received not one farthing of assistance from anybody,
was hardly asked to sit down at the two sisters' houses, nor offered to
eat or drink at two more near relations. The fifth, an ancient
gentlewoman, aunt-in-law to my husband, a widow, and the least able also
of any of the rest, did indeed ask me to sit down, gave me a dinner, and
refreshed me with a kinder treatment than any of the rest, but added the
melancholy part, viz. that she would have helped me, but that indeed she
was not able; which, however, I was satisfied was very true.

Here I relieved myself with the constant assistant of the afflicted, I
mean tears; for, relating to her how I was received by the other of my
husband's relations, it made me burst into tears, and I cried vehemently
for a great while together, till I made the good old gentlewoman cry too
several times.

However, I came home from them all without any relief, and went on at
home till I was reduced to such inexpressible distress, that it is not
to be described. I had been several times after this at the old aunt's,
for I prevailed with her to promise me to go and talk with the other
relations; at least, that if possible she could bring some of them to
take off the children or to contribute something towards their
maintenance; and to do her justice, she did use her endeavour with them,
but all was to no purpose, they would do nothing, at least that way. I
think, with much entreaty, she obtained by a kind of collection among
them all, about eleven or twelve shillings in money, which, though it
was a present comfort, was yet not to be named as capable to deliver me
from any part of the load that lay upon me.

There was a poor woman that had been a kind of a dependent upon our
family, and who I had often, among the rest of the relations, been very
kind to. My maid put it into my head one morning to send to this poor
woman and to see whether she might not be able to help in this dreadful

I must remember it here, to the praise of this poor girl, my maid, that
though I was not able to give her any wages, and had told her so, nay, I
was not able to pay her the wages that I was in arrears to her, yet she
would not leave me; nay, and as long as she had any money when I had
none, she would help me out of her own; for which, though I acknowledged
her kindness and fidelity, yet it was but a bad coin that she was paid
in at last, as will appear in its place.

Amy (for that was her name) put it into my thoughts to send for this
poor woman to come to me, for I was now in great distress, and I
resolved to do so; but just the very morning that I intended it, the old
aunt, with the poor woman in her company, came to see me. The good old
gentlewoman was, it seems, heartily concerned for me, and had been
talking again among those people, to see what she could do for me, but
to very little purpose.

You shall judge a little of my present distress by the posture she found
me in. I had five little children, the eldest was under ten years old,
and I had not a shilling in the house to buy them victuals, but had sent
Amy out with a silver spoon to sell it and bring home something from the
butcher's, and I was in a parlour, sitting on the ground with a great
heap of old rags, linen, and other things about me, looking them over to
see if I had anything among them that would sell or pawn for a little
money, and had been crying ready to burst myself to think what I should
do next.

At this juncture they knocked at the door. I thought it had been Amy, so
I did not rise up, but one of the children opened the door and they came
directly into the room where I was, and where they found me in that
posture and crying vehemently, as above. I was surprised at their
coming, you may be sure, especially seeing the person I had but just
before resolved to send for. But when they saw me, how I looked, for my
eyes were swelled with crying, and what a condition I was in as to the
house and the heaps of things that were about me, and especially when I
told them what I was doing and on what occasion, they sat down, like
Job's three comforters, and said not one word to me for a great while,
but both of them cried as fast and as heartily as I did.

The truth was, there was no need of much discourse in the case, the
thing spoke for itself. They saw me in rags and dirt, who was but a
little before riding in my coach; thin, and looking almost like one
starved, who was before fat and beautiful. The house, that was before
handsomely furnished with pictures and ornaments, cabinets,
pier-glasses, and everything suitable, was now stripped and naked, most
of the goods having been seized by the landlord for rent or sold to buy
necessaries. In a word, all was misery and distress, the face of ruin
was everywhere to be seen; we had eaten up almost everything, and little
remained, unless, like one of the pitiful women of Jerusalem, I should
eat up my very children themselves.

After these two good creatures had sat, as I say, in silence some time,
and had then looked about them, my maid Amy came in and brought with her
a small breast of mutton and two great bunches of turnips, which she
intended to stew for our dinner. As for me, my heart was so overwhelmed
at seeing these two friends, for such they were, though poor, and at
their seeing me in such a condition, that I fell into another violent
fit of crying; so that, in short, I could not speak to them again for a
great while longer.

During my being in such an agony they went to my maid Amy at another
part of the same room, and talked with her. Amy told them all my
circumstances, and set them forth in such moving terms and so to the
life, that I could not upon any terms have done it like her myself; and,
in a word, affected them both with it in such a manner, that the old
aunt came to me, and though hardly able to speak for tears, "Look ye,
cousin," said she in a few words, "things must not stand thus; some
course must be taken, and that forthwith. Pray, where were these
children born?" I told her the parish where we lived before; that four
of them were born there and one in the house where I now was, where the
landlord, after having seized my goods for the rent past, not then
knowing my circumstances, had now given me leave to live for a whole
year more without any rent, being moved with compassion, but that this
year was now almost expired.

Upon hearing this account they came to this resolution: that the
children should be all carried by them to the door of one of the
relations mentioned above and be set down there by the maid Amy, and
that I, the mother, should remove for some days, shut up the doors, and
be gone; that the people should be told that if they did not think fit
to take some care of the children, they might send for the churchwardens
if they thought that better, for that they were born in that parish and
there they must be provided for; as for the other child which was born
in the parish of ----, that was already taken care of by the parish
officers there, for indeed they were so sensible of the distress of the
family, that they had at first word done what was their part to do.

This was what these good women proposed, and bade me leave the rest to
them. I was at first sadly afflicted at the thoughts of parting with my
children, and especially at that terrible thing their being taken into
the parish keeping; and then a hundred terrible things came into my
thoughts, viz. of parish children being starved at nurse, of their being
ruined, let grow crooked, lamed, and the like for want of being taken
care of, and this sank my very heart within me.

But the misery of my own circumstances hardened my heart against my own
flesh and blood, and when I considered they must inevitably be starved,
and I too, if I continued to keep them about me, I began to be
reconciled to parting with them all, anyhow and anywhere, that I might
be freed from the dreadful necessity of seeing them all perish and
perishing with them myself. So I agreed to go away out of the house and
leave the management of the whole matter to my maid Amy and to them; and
accordingly I did so, and the same afternoon they carried them all away
to one of their aunts.

Amy, a resolute girl, knocked at the door with the children all with
her, and bade the eldest, as soon as the door was open, run in, and the
rest after her. She set them all down at the door before she knocked,
and when she knocked she stayed till a maidservant came to the door.
"Sweetheart," said she, "pray go in and tell your mistress, here are her
little cousins come to see her from ----," naming the town where we
lived; at which the maid offered to go back. "Here, child," says Amy,
"take one of them in your hand, and I'll bring the rest." So she gives
her the least, and the wench goes in mighty innocently with the little
one in her hand; upon which Amy turns the rest in after her, shuts the
door softly, and marches off as fast as she could.

Just in the interval of this, and even while the maid and her mistress
were quarrelling, for the mistress raved and scolded at her like a
mad-woman, and had ordered her to go and stop the maid Amy and turn all
the children out of the doors again, but she had been at the door and
Amy was gone, and the wench was out of her wits and the mistress too--I
say, just at this juncture came the poor old woman, not the aunt, but
the other of the two that had been with me, and knocks at the door. The
aunt did not go because she had pretended to advocate for me, and they
would have suspected her of some contrivance; but as for the other
woman, they did not so much as know that she had kept up any
correspondence with me.

Amy and she had contrived this between them, and it was well enough
contrived that they did so. When she came into the house the mistress
was fuming and raging like one distracted, and calling the maid all the
foolish jades and sluts that she could think of, and that she would take
the children and turn them all out into the streets. The good poor
woman, seeing her in such a passion, turned about as if she would be
gone again, and said, "Madam, I'll come another time, I see you are
engaged." "No, no, Mrs. ----," says the mistress, "I am not much
engaged; sit down. This senseless creature here has brought in my fool
of a brother's whole house of children upon me, and tells me that a
wench brought them to the door and thrust them in and bade her carry
them to me; but it shall be no disturbance to me, for I have ordered
them to be set in the street without the door, and so let the
churchwardens take care of them, or else make this dull jade carry them
back to ---- again and let her that brought them into the world look
after them if she will. What does she send her brats to me for?"

"The last indeed had been the best of the two," says the poor woman, "if
it had been to be done; and that brings me to tell you my errand and the
occasion of my coming, for I came on purpose about this very business,
and to have prevented this being put upon you if I could; but I see I am
come too late."

"How do you mean too late?" says the mistress. "What, have you been
concerned in this affair, then? What, have you helped bring this family
slur upon us?"

"I hope you do not think such a thing of me, madam," says the poor
woman; "but I went this morning to ---- to see my old mistress and
benefactor, for she had been very kind to me, and when I came to the
door I found all fast locked and bolted, and the house looking as if
nobody was at home.

"I knocked at the door but nobody came, till at last some of the
neighbours' servants called to me and said, 'There's nobody lives there,
mistress, what do you knock for?' I seemed surprised at that. 'What,
nobody live there!' said I; 'what d'ye mean? Does not Mrs. ---- live
there?' The answer was, 'No, she is gone'; at which I parleyed with one
of them and asked her what was the matter. 'Matter,' says she, 'why,
'tis matter enough; the poor gentlewoman has lived there all alone, and
without anything to subsist her, a long time, and this morning the
landlord turned her out of doors.'

"'Out of doors!' says I; 'what, with all her children! poor lambs, what
is become of them?' 'Why, truly nothing worse,' said they, 'can come to
them than staying here, for they were almost starved with hunger.' So
the neighbours seeing the poor lady in such distress, for she stood
crying and wringing her hands over her children like one distracted,
sent for the churchwardens to take care of the children; and they when
they came took the youngest, which was born in this parish, and have got
it a very good nurse and taken care of it; but as for the other four,
they had sent them away to some of their father's relations, who were
very substantial people and who, besides that, lived in the parish where
they were born.

"I was not so surprised at this as not presently to foresee that this
trouble would be brought upon you or upon Mr. ----, so I came
immediately to bring you word of it, that you might be prepared for it
and might not be surprised, but I see they have been too nimble for me,
so that I know not what to advise. The poor woman, it seems, is turned
out of doors into the street, and another of the neighbours there told
me that when they took her children from her she swooned away, and when
they recovered her out of that she ran distracted, and is put into a
madhouse by the parish, for there is nobody else to take any care of

This was all acted to the life by this good, kind, poor creature; for
though her design was perfectly good and charitable, yet there was not
one word of it true in fact; for I was not turned out of doors by the
landlord, nor gone distracted. It was true indeed that at parting with
my poor children I fainted, and was like one mad when I came to myself
and found they were gone, but I remained in the house a good while after
that, as you shall hear.

While the poor woman was telling this dismal story, in came the
gentlewoman's husband, and though her heart was hardened against all
pity, who was really and nearly related to the children, for they were
the children of her own brother, yet the good man was quite softened
with the dismal relation of the circumstances of the family; and when
the poor woman had done he said to his wife, "This is a dismal case, my
dear, indeed, and something must be done." His wife fell a-raving at
him. "What!" says she, "do you want to have four children to keep? Have
we not children of our own? Would you have these brats come and eat up
my children's bread? No, no, let them go to the parish, and let them
take care of them; I'll take care of my own."

"Come, come, my dear," says the husband, "charity is a duty to the poor,
and he that gives to the poor lends to the Lord; let us lend our
heavenly Father a little of our children's bread, as you call it; it
will be a store well laid up for them, and will be the best security
that our children shall never come to want charity or be turned out of
doors as these poor innocent creatures are."

"Don't tell me of security," says the wife; "'tis a good security for
our children to keep what we have together and provide for them, and
then 'tis time enough to help to keep other folks' children. Charity
begins at home."

"Well, my dear," says he again, "I only talk of putting out a little
money to interest; our Maker is a good borrower. Never fear making a bad
debt there, child, I'll be bound for it."

"Don't banter me with your charity and your allegories," says the wife
angrily; "I tell you they are my relations, not yours, and they shall
not roost here, they shall go to the parish."

"All your relations are my relations now," says the good gentleman very
calmly, "and I won't see your relations in distress and not pity them,
any more than I would my own. Indeed, my dear, they shan't go to the
parish; I assure you none of my wife's relations shall come to the
parish if I can help it."

"What! will you take four children to keep?" says the wife.

"No, no, my dear," says he, "there's your sister ----, I'll go and talk
with her; and your uncle ----, I'll send for him and the rest. I'll
warrant you when we are all together we will find ways and means to keep
four poor little creatures from beggary and starving, or else it will be
very hard; we are none of us in so bad circumstances but we are able to
spare a mite for the fatherless; don't shut up your bowels of compassion
against your own flesh and blood. Could you hear these poor innocent
children cry at your door for hunger and give them no bread?"

"Prithee, why need they cry at our door?" says she, "'tis the business
of the parish to provide for them. They shan't cry at our door; if they
do, I'll give them nothing." "Won't you?" says he; "but I will. Remember
that dreadful Scripture is directly against us, Prov. 21. 13: 'Whoso
stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but
shall not be heard.'"

"Well, well," said she, "you must do what you will, because you pretend
to be master; but if I had my will, I would send them where they ought
to be sent, I would send them from whence they came."

Then the poor woman put in and said, "But, madam, that is sending them
to starve indeed, for the parish has no obligation to take care of them,
and so they would lie and perish in the street."

"Or be sent back again," says the husband, "to our parish in a
cripple-cart by the Justice's warrant, and so expose us and all the
relations to the last degree among our neighbours, and among those who
knew the good old gentleman their grandfather, who lived and flourished
in this parish so many years and was so well beloved among all people,
and deserved it so well."

"I don't value that one farthing, not I," says the wife, "I'll keep none
of them."

"Well, my dear," says her husband, "but I value it, for I won't have
such a blot lie upon the family and upon your children; he was a worthy,
ancient, and good man, and his name is respected among all his
neighbours; it will be a reproach to you that are his daughter, and to
our children that are his grandchildren, that we should let your
brother's children perish, or come to be a charge to the public, in the
very place where your family once flourished. Come, say no more, I'll
see what can be done."

Upon this he sends and gathers all the relations together at a tavern
hard by, and sent for the four little children that they might see them,
and they all at first word agreed to have them taken care of; and
because his wife was so furious that she would not suffer one of them to
be kept at home, they agreed to keep them all together for a while. So
they committed them to the poor woman that had managed the affair for
them, and entered into obligations to one another to supply the needful
sums for their maintenance; and not to have one separated from the rest,
they sent for the youngest from the parish where it was taken in, and
had them all brought up together.

It would take up too long a part of this story to give a particular
account with what a charitable tenderness this good person, who was but
uncle-in-law to them, managed that affair; how careful he was of them,
went constantly to see them, and to see that they were well provided
for, clothed, put to school, and at last put out in the world for their
advantage; but 'tis enough to say he acted more like a father to them
than an uncle-in-law, though all along much against his wife's consent,
who was of a disposition not so tender and compassionate as her husband.

You may believe I heard this with the same pleasure which I now feel at
the relating it again, for I was terribly frighted at the apprehensions
of my children being brought to misery and distress, as these must be
who have no friends but are left to parish benevolence.

Chapter  3

I was now, however, entering on a new scene of life. I had a great house
upon my hands, and some furniture left in it, but I was no more able to
maintain myself and my maid Amy in it than I was my five children; nor
had I anything to subsist with but what I might get by working, and that
was not a town where much work was to be had.

My landlord had been very kind indeed after he came to know my
circumstances, though before he was acquainted with that part he had
gone so far as to seize my goods, and to carry some of them off too.

But I had lived three-quarters of a year in his house after that and had
paid him no rent, and, which was worse, I was in no condition to pay him
any. However, I observed he came oftener to see me, looked kinder upon
me, and spoke more friendly to me than he used to do; particularly the
last two or three times he had been there he observed, he said, how
poorly I lived, how low I was reduced, and the like, told me it grieved
him for my sake; and the last time of all he was kinder still, told me
he came to dine with me, and that I should give him leave to treat me.
So he called my maid Amy and sent her out to buy a joint of meat; he
told her what she should buy, but naming two or three things, either of
which she might take. The maid, a cunning wench, and faithful to me as
the skin to my back, did not buy anything outright, but brought the
butcher along with her with both the things that she had chosen, for him
to please himself; the one was a large very good leg of veal, the other
a piece of the fore-ribs of roasting beef. He looked at them, but bade
me chaffer with the butcher for him, and I did so, and came back to him
and told him what the butcher demanded for either of them and what each
of them came to; so he pulls out 11s. 3d., which they came to together,
and bade me take them both; the rest, he said, would serve another time.

I was surprised, you may be sure, at the bounty of a man that had but a
little while ago been my terror and had torn the goods out of my house
like a fury; but I considered that my distresses had mollified his
temper, and that he had afterwards been so compassionate as to give me
leave to live rent free in the house a whole year.

But now he put on the face, not of a man of compassion only, but of a
man of friendship and kindness, and this was so unexpected that it was
surprising. We chatted together, and were, as I may call it, cheerful,
which was more than I could say I had been for three years before. He
sent for wine and beer too, for I had none; poor Amy and I had drank
nothing but water for many weeks, and indeed I have often wondered at
the faithful temper of the poor girl, for which I but ill requited her
at last.

When Amy was come with the wine he made her fill a glass to him, and
with the glass in his hand he came to me and kissed me, which I was, I
confess, a little surprised at, but more at what followed; for he told
me that as the sad condition which I was reduced to had made him pity
me, so my conduct in it and the courage I bore it with had given him a
more than ordinary respect for me, and made him very thoughtful for my
good; that he was resolved for the present to do something to relieve
me, and to employ his thoughts in the meantime to see if he could, for
the future, put me into a way to support myself.

While he found me change colour and look surprised at his discourse, for
so I did, to be sure, he turns to my maid Amy, and looking at her, he
says to me "I say all this, madam, before your maid, because both she
and you shall know that I have no ill design, and that I have in mere
kindness resolved to do something for you if I can; and as I have been a
witness of the uncommon honesty and fidelity of Mrs. Amy here to you in
all your distresses, I know she may be trusted with so honest a design
as mine is, for, I assure you, I bear a proportioned regard to your maid
too for her affection to you."

Amy made him a curtsy, and the poor girl looked so confounded with joy
that she could not speak, but her colour came and went, and every now
and then she blushed as red as scarlet and the next minute looked as
pale as death. Well, having said this, he sat down, made me sit down,
and then drank to me and made me drink two glasses of wine together.
"For," says he, "you have need of it"; and so indeed I had. When he had
done so, "Come, Amy," says he, "with your mistress's leave you shall
have a glass too"; so he made her drink two glasses also. And then
rising up, "And now, Amy," says he, "go and get dinner; and you, madam,"
says he to me, "go up and dress you, and come down and smile and be
merry," adding, "I'll make you easy if I can "; and in the meantime, he
said, he would walk in the garden.

When he was gone, Amy changed her countenance indeed and looked as merry
as ever she did in her life. "Dear madam," says she, "what does this
gentleman mean." "Nay, Amy," said I, "he means to do us good, you see,
don't he? I know no other meaning he can have, for he can get nothing by
me." "I warrant you, madam," says she, "he'll ask you a favour by and
by." "No, no, you are mistaken, Amy, I dare say," said I; "you heard
what he said, didn't you?" "Ay," says Amy, "it's no matter for that; you
shall see what he will do after dinner." "Well, well, Amy," says I, "you
have hard thoughts of him; I cannot be of your opinion. I don't see
anything in him yet that looks like it." "As to that, madam," says Amy,
"I don't see anything of it yet neither; but what should move a
gentleman to take pity on us as he does?" "Nay," says I, "that's a hard
thing too, that we should judge a man to be wicked because he's
charitable, and vicious because he's kind." "Oh, madam," says Amy,
"there's abundance of charity begins in that vice, and he is not so
unacquainted with things as not to know that poverty is the strongest
incentive, a temptation against which no virtue is powerful enough to
stand out; he knows your condition as well as you do." "Well, and what
then?" "Why, then he knows too that you are young and handsome, and he
has the surest bait in the world to take you with."

"Well, Amy," said I, "but he may find himself mistaken too in such a
thing as that." "Why, madam," says Amy, "I hope you won't deny him if he
should offer it."

"What d'ye mean by that, hussy?" said I. "No, I'd starve first."

"I hope not, madam, I hope you would be wiser; I'm sure if he will set
you up, as he talks of, you ought to deny him nothing; and you will
starve if you do not consent, that's certain."

"What! consent to lie with him for bread? Amy," said I, "how can you
talk so?"

"Nay, madam," says Amy, "I don't think you would for anything else; it
would not be lawful for anything else but for bread, madam. Why, nobody
can starve; there's no bearing that, I'm sure."

"Ay," says I, "but if he would give me an estate to live on, he should
not lie with me, I assure you."

"Why, look you, madam, if he would but give you enough to live easy
upon, he should lie with me for it with all my heart."

"That's a token, Amy, of inimitable kindness to me," said I, "and I know
how to value it; but there's more friendship than honesty in it, Amy."

"Oh, madam," says Amy, "I'd do anything to get you out of this sad
condition. As to honesty, I think honesty is out of the question when
starvation is the case; are not we almost starved to death?"

"I am indeed," said I, "and thou art for my sake; but to be a whore,
Amy!"--and there I stopped.

"Dear madam," says Amy, "if I will starve for your sake, I will be a
whore or anything for your sake; why, I would die for you if I were put
to it."

"Why, that's an excess of affection, Amy," said I, "I never met with
before; I wish I may be ever in condition to make some returns suitable.
But, however, Amy, you shall not be a whore to him, to oblige him to be
kind to me; no, Amy, nor I won't be a whore to him if he would give me
much more than he is able to give me or do for me."

"Why, madam," says Amy, "I don't say I will go and ask him; but I say if
he should promise to do so and so for you, and the condition was such
that he would not serve you unless I would let him lie with me, he
should lie with me as often as he would rather than you should not have
his assistance. But this is but talk, madam, I don't see any need of
such discourse, and you are of opinion that there will be no need of

"Indeed, so I am, Amy; but," said I, "if there was, I tell you again I'd
die before I would consent, or before you should consent for my sake."

Hitherto I had not only preserved the virtue itself, but the virtuous
inclination and resolution; and had I kept myself there I had been
happy, though I had perished of mere hunger; for, without question, a
woman ought rather to die than to prostitute her virtue and honour, let
the temptation be what it will.

But to return to my story. He walked about the garden, which was indeed
all in disorder and overrun with weeds, because I had not been able to
hire a gardener to do anything to it, no, not so much as to dig up
ground enough to sow a few turnips and carrots for family use. After he
had viewed it, he came in and sent Amy to fetch a poor man, a gardener
that used to help our manservant, and carried him into the garden and
ordered him to do several things in it to put it into a little order;
and this took him up near an hour.

By this time I had dressed me as well as I could, for though I had good
linen left still, yet I had but a poor head-dress, and no knots but old
fragments, no necklace, no ear-rings; all those things were gone long
ago for mere bread.

However, I was tight and clean, and in better plight than he had seen me
in a great while, and he looked extremely pleased to see me so, for he
said I looked so disconsolate and so afflicted before, that it grieved
him to see me; and he bade me pluck up a good heart, for he hoped to put
me in a condition to live in the world and be beholden to nobody.

I told him that was impossible, for I must be beholden to him for it,
for all the friends I had in the world would not or could not do so much
for me as that he spoke of. "Well, widow," says he (so he called me, and
so indeed I was in the worst sense that desolate word could be used in),
"if you are beholden to me, you shall be beholden to nobody else."

By this time dinner was ready and Amy came in to lay the cloth, and
indeed it was happy there was none to dine but he and I, for I had but
six plates left in the house and but two dishes. However, he knew how
things were, and bade me make no scruple about bringing out what I had,
he hoped to see me in a better plight. He did not come, he said, to be
entertained, but to entertain me and comfort and encourage me. Thus he
went on, speaking so cheerfully to me and such cheerful things, that it
was a cordial to my very soul to hear him speak.

Well, we went to dinner. I'm sure I had not eaten a good meal hardly in
a twelvemonth, at least not of such a joint of meat as the leg of veal
was. I ate indeed very heartily, and so did he, and he made me drink
three or four glasses of wine, so that, in short, my spirits were lifted
up to a degree I had not been used to; and I was not only cheerful but
merry, and so he pressed me to be.

I told him I had a great deal of reason to be merry, seeing he had been
so kind to me and had given me hopes of recovering me from the worst
circumstances that ever woman of any sort of fortune was sunk into; that
he could not but believe that what he had said to me was like life from
the dead; that it was like recovering one sick from the brink of the
grave. How I should ever make him a return any way suitable was what I
had not yet had time to think of; I could only say that I should never
forget it while I had life, and should be always ready to acknowledge

He said that was all he desired of me, that his reward would be the
satisfaction of having rescued me from misery; that he found he was
obliging one that knew what gratitude meant; that he would make it his
business to make me completely easy, first or last, if it lay in his
power; and in the meantime he bade me consider of anything that I
thought he might do for me for my advantage and in order to make me
perfectly easy.

After we had talked thus he bade me be cheerful. "Come," says he, "lay
aside these melancholy things and let us be merry." Amy waited at the
table, and she smiled and laughed and was so merry she could hardly
contain it, for the girl loved me to an excess hardly to be described;
and it was such an unexpected thing to hear any one talk to her
mistress, that the wench was beside herself almost; and as soon as
dinner was over, Amy went upstairs and put on her best clothes too, and
came down dressed like a gentlewoman.

We sat together talking of a thousand things, of what had been and what
was to be, all the rest of the day, and in the evening he took his leave
of me with a thousand expressions of kindness and tenderness and true
affection to me, but offered not the least of what my maid Amy had

At his going away he took me in his arms, protested an honest kindness
to me, said a thousand kind things to me which I cannot now recollect,
and, after kissing me twenty times or thereabouts, put a guinea into my
hand, which he said was for my present supply, and told me that he would
see me again before 'twas out; also, he gave Amy half a crown.

When he was gone, "Well, Amy," said I, "are you convinced now that he is
an honest as well as a true friend, and that there has been nothing, not
the least appearance of anything of what you imagined, in his
behaviour?" "Yes," says Amy, "I am, but I admire at it; he is such a
friend as the world sure has not abundance of to show."

"I am sure," says I, "he is such a friend as I have long wanted, and as
I have as much need of as any creature in the world has or ever had"
and, in short, I was so overcome with the comfort of it that I sat down
and cried for joy a good while, as I had formerly cried for sorrow. Amy
and I went to bed that night (for Amy lay with me) pretty early, but lay
chatting almost all night about it, and the girl was so transported that
she got up two or three times in the night and danced about the room in
her shift; in short, the girl was half distracted with the joy of it, a
testimony still of her violent affection for her mistress, in which no
servant ever went beyond her.

We heard no more of him for two days, but the third day he came again;
then he told me, with the same kindness, that he had ordered me a supply
of household goods for the furnishing the house; that in particular he
had sent me back all the goods that he had seized for rent, which
consisted indeed of the best of my former furniture. "And now," says he,
"I'll tell you what I have had in my head for you for your present
supply, and that is," says he, "that the house being well furnished, you
shall let it out to lodgings for the summer gentry," says he, "by which
you will easily get a good, comfortable subsistence, especially seeing
you shall pay me no rent for two years, nor after neither, unless you
can afford it."

This was the first view I had of living comfortably indeed, and it was a
very probable way, I must confess, seeing we had very good conveniences,
six rooms on a floor, and three storeys high. While he was laying down
the scheme of my management, came a cart to the door with a load of
goods, and an upholsterer's man to put them up; they were chiefly the
furniture of two rooms which he had carried away for his two years'
rent, with two fine cabinets and some pier-glasses out of the parlour,
and several other valuable things.

These were all restored to their places, and he told me he gave them as
freely as a satisfaction for the cruelty he had used me with before; and
the furniture of one room being finished and set up, he told me he would
furnish one chamber for himself, and would come and be one of my lodgers
if I would give him leave.

I told him he ought not to ask me leave, who had so much right to make
himself welcome. So the house began to look in some tolerable figure and
clean; the garden also in about a fortnight's work began to look
something less like a wilderness than it used to do; and he ordered me
to put up a bill for letting rooms, reserving one for himself to come to
as he saw occasion.

When all was done to his mind, as to placing the goods, he seemed very
well pleased, and we dined together again of his own providing, and the
upholsterer's man gone. After dinner he took me by the hand. "Come now,
madam," says he, "you must show me your house" (for he had a mind to see
everything over again). "No, sir," said I, "but I'll go show you your
house, if you please." So we went up through all the rooms, and in the
room which was appointed for himself Amy was doing something. "Well,
Amy," says he, "I intend to lie with you to-morrow night." "To-night, if
you please, sir," says Amy very innocently; "your room is quite ready."
"Well, Amy," says he, "I am glad you are so willing." "No," says Amy, "I
mean your chamber is ready to-night"; and away she ran out of the room,
ashamed enough, for the girl meant no harm, whatever she had said to me
in private.

However, he said no more then; but when Amy was gone he walked about the
room and looked at everything, and taking me by the hand he kissed me
and spoke a great many kind, affectionate things to me indeed: as of his
measures for my advantage, and what he would do to raise me again in the
world; told me that my afflictions and the conduct I had shown in
bearing them to such an extremity had so engaged him to me, that he
valued me infinitely above all the women in the world; that though he
was under such engagements that he could not marry me (his wife and he
had been parted for some reasons which make too long a story to intermix
with mine), yet that he would be everything else that a woman could ask
in a husband. And with that he kissed me again and took me in his arms,
but offered not the least uncivil action to me, and told me he hoped I
would not deny him all the favours he should ask, because he resolved to
ask nothing of me but what it was fit for a woman of virtue and modesty,
for such he knew me to be, to yield.

I confess the terrible pressure of my former misery, the memory of which
lay heavy upon my mind, and the surprising kindness with which he had
delivered me, and withal, the expectations of what he might still do for
me, were powerful things and made me have scarce the power to deny him
anything he would ask. However, I told him thus, with an air of
tenderness too, that he had done so much for me that I thought I ought
to deny him nothing, only I hoped and depended upon him that he would
not take the advantage of the infinite obligations I was under to him,
to desire anything of me the yielding to which would lay me lower in his
esteem than I desired to be; that as I took him to be a man of honour,
so I knew he could not like me the better for doing anything that was
below a woman of honesty and good manners to do.

He told me that he had done all this for me without so much as telling
me what kindness or real affection he had for me; that I might not be
under any necessity of yielding to him in anything for want of bread,
and he would no more oppress my gratitude now than he would my necessity
before, nor ask anything, supposing he would stop his favours or
withdraw his kindness, if he was denied. It was true, he said, he might
tell me more freely his mind now than before, seeing I had let him see
that I accepted his assistance and saw that he was sincere in his design
of serving me; that he had gone thus far to show me that he was kind to
me, but that now he would tell me that he loved me, and yet would
demonstrate that his love was both honourable and that what he should
desire was what he might honestly ask and I might honestly grant.

I answered that, within those two limitations, I was sure I ought to
deny him nothing, and I should think myself not ungrateful only but very
unjust if I should; so he said no more, but I observed he kissed me more
and took me in his arms in a kind of familiar way more than usual, and
which once or twice put me in mind of my maid Amy's words. And yet I
must acknowledge I was so overcome with his goodness to me in those many
kind things he had done, that I not only was easy at what he did and
made no resistance, but was inclined to do the like, whatever he had
offered to do. But he went no further than what I have said, nor did he
offer so much as to sit down on the bedside with me, but took his leave,
said he loved me tenderly and would convince me of it by such
demonstrations as should be to my satisfaction. I told him I had a great
deal of reason to believe him, that he was full master of the whole
house and of me as far as was within the bounds we had spoken of, which
I believed he would not break, and asked him if he would not lodge there
that night.

He said he could not well stay that night, business requiring him in
London, but added, smiling, that he would come the next day and take a
night's lodging with me. I pressed him to stay that night, and told him
I should be glad a friend so valuable should be under the same roof with
me; and indeed I began at that time not only to be much obliged to him,
but to love him too, and that in a manner that I had not been acquainted
with myself.

Oh let no woman slight the temptation that being generously delivered
from trouble is to any spirit furnished with gratitude and just
principles. This gentleman had freely and voluntarily delivered me from
misery, from poverty, and rags; he had made me what I was, and put me
into a way to be even more than I ever was, namely, to live happy and
pleased, and on his bounty I depended. What could I say to this
gentleman when he pressed me to yield to him and argued the lawfulness
of it? But of that in its place.

I pressed him again to stay that night, and told him it was the first
completely happy night that I had ever had in the house in my life, and
I should be very sorry to have it without his company, who was the cause
and foundation of it all; that we would be innocently merry, but that it
could never be without him; and, in short, I courted him so, that he
said he could not deny me, but he would take his horse and go to London,
do the business he had to do, which, it seems, was to pay a foreign bill
that was due that night and would else be protested, and that he would
come back in three hours at furthest and sup with me; but bade me get
nothing there, for since I was resolved to be merry, which was what he
desired above all things, he would send me something from London. "And
we will make it a wedding supper, my dear," says he, and with that word
took me in his arms and kissed me so vehemently that I made no question
but he intended to do everything else that Amy had talked of.

I started a little at the word "wedding." "What do you mean, to call it
by such a name?" says I; adding, "We will have a supper, but t'other is
impossible as well on your side as mine." He laughed. "Well," says he,
"you shall call it what you will, but it may be the same thing, for I
shall satisfy you it is not so impossible as you make it."

"I don't understand you," said I; "have not I a husband and you a wife?"

"Well, well," says he, "we will talk of that after supper." So he rose
up, gave me another kiss, and took his horse for London.

This kind of discourse had fired my blood, I confess, and I knew not
what to think of it. It was plain now that he intended to lie with me,
but how he would reconcile it to a legal thing like a marriage, that I
could not imagine. We had both of us used Amy with so much intimacy and
trusted her with everything, having such unexampled instances of her
fidelity, that he made no scruple to kiss me and say all these things to
me before her, nor had he cared one farthing, if I would have let him
lie with me, to have had Amy there too all night. When he was gone,
"Well, Amy," says I, "what will all this come to now? I am all in a
sweat at him." "Come to, madam," says Amy, "I see what it will come to;
I must put you to bed to-night together," "Why, you would not be so
impudent, you jade you," says I, "would you?" "Yes, I would," says she,
"with all my heart, and think you both as honest as ever you were in
your lives."

"What ails the slut to talk so?" said I. "Honest! how can it be honest?"
"Why, I'll tell you, madam." says Amy; "I sounded it as soon as I heard
him speak, and it is very true too. He calls you widow, and such indeed
you are, for as my master has left you so many years, he is dead to be
sure--at least he is dead to you, he is no husband--you are and ought to
be free to marry who you will; and his wife being gone from him and
refuses to lie with him, then he is a single man again as much as ever;
and though you cannot bring the laws of the land to join you together,
yet one refusing to do the once of a wife, and the other of a husband,
you may certainly take one another fairly."

"Nay, Amy," says I, "if I could take him fairly, you may be sure I'd
take him above all the men in the world. It turned the very heart within
me when I heard him say he loved me; how could it do otherwise when you
know what a condition I was in before, despised and trampled on by all
the world? I could have taken him in my arms and kissed him as freely as
he did me, if it had not been for shame."

"Ay, and all the rest too," says Amy, "at the first word. I don't see
how you can think of denying him anything. Has he not brought you out of
the devil's clutches, brought you out of the blackest misery that ever
poor lady was reduced to? Can a woman deny such a man anything?"

"Nay, I don't know what to do, Amy," says I. "I hope he won't desire
anything of that kind of me, I hope he won't attempt it; if he does, I
know not what to say to him."

"Not ask you!" says Amy; "depend upon it, he will ask you, and you will
grant it, too; I'm sure my mistress is no fool. Come, pray, madam, let
me go air you a clean shift; don't let him find you in foul linen the
wedding night."

"But that I know you to be a very honest girl, Amy," says I, "you would
make me abhor you; why, you argue for the devil, as if you were one of
his privy counsellors."

"It's no matter for that, madam, I say nothing but what I think. You own
you love this gentleman, and he has given you sufficient testimony of
his affection to you; your conditions are alike unhappy, and he is of
opinion that he may take another woman, his first wife having broke her
honour, and living from him, and that, though the laws of the land will
not allow him to marry formally, yet that he may take another woman into
his arms, provided he keeps true to the other woman as a wife; nay, he
says it is usual to do so, and allowed by the custom of the place, in
several countries abroad. And I must own I'm of the same mind, else 'tis
in the power of a whore, after she has jilted and abandoned her husband,
to confine him from the pleasure as well as convenience of a woman all
the days of his life, which would be very unreasonable and, as times go,
not tolerable to all people; and the like on your side, madam."

Had I now had my senses about me, and had my reason not been overcome by
the powerful attraction of so kind, so beneficent a friend, had I
consulted conscience and virtue, I should have repelled this Amy,
however faithful and honest to me in other things, as a viper and engine
of the devil. I ought to have remembered that neither he nor I, either
by the laws of God or man, could come together upon any other terms than
that of notorious adultery. The ignorant jade's argument that he had
brought me out of the hands of the devil, by which she meant the devil
of poverty and distress, should have been a powerful motive to me not to
plunge myself into the jaws of hell and into the power of the real
devil, in recompense for that deliverance. I should have looked upon all
the good this man had done for me to have been the particular work of
the goodness of Heaven, and that goodness should have moved me to a
return of duty and humble obedience. I should have received the mercy
thankfully, and applied it soberly to the praise and honour of my Maker,
whereas by this wicked course all the bounty and kindness of this
gentleman became a snare to me, was a mere bait to the devil's hook. I
received his kindness at the dear expense of body and soul, mortgaging
faith, religion, conscience, and modesty for (as I may call it) a morsel
of bread, or, if you will, ruined my soul from a principle of gratitude
and gave myself up to the devil to show myself grateful to my
benefactor. I must do the gentleman that justice as to say I verily
believe that he did nothing but what he thought was lawful, and I must
do that justice upon myself as to say I did what my own conscience
convinced me at the very time I did it was horribly unlawful,
scandalous, and abominable.

But poverty was my snare, dreadful poverty! The misery I had been in was
great, such as would make the heart tremble at the apprehensions of its
return, and I might appeal to any that has had any experience of the
world, whether one so entirely destitute as I was, of all manner of all
helps or friends either to support me or to assist me to support myself,
could withstand the proposal; not that I plead this as a justification
of my conduct, but that it may move the pity even of those that abhor
the crime.

Besides this, I was young, handsome, and with all the mortifications I
had met with, was vain, and that not a little; and as it was a new
thing, so it as a pleasant thing to be courted, caressed, embraced, and
high professions of affection made to me by a man so agreeable and so
able to do me good.

Add to this, that if I had ventured to disoblige this gentleman, I had
no friend in the world to have recourse to; I had no prospect, no, not
of a bit of bread; I had nothing before me but to fall back into the
same misery that I had been in before.

Amy had but too much rhetoric in this cause. She represented all those
things in their proper colours; she argued them all with her utmost
skill, and at last the merry jade, when she came to dress me, "Look ye,
madam," said she, "if you won't consent, tell him you'll do as Rachel
did to Jacob when she could have no children--put her maid to bed to him;
tell him you cannot comply with him, but there's Amy, he may ask her the
question, she has promised me she won't deny you."

"And would you have me say so, Amy?" said I.

"No, madam, but I would really have you do so; besides, you are undone
if you do not. And if my doing it would save you from being undone, as I
said before, he shall if he will; if he asks me I won't deny him, not I;
hang me if I do," says Amy.

"Well, I know not what to do," says I to Amy.

"Do!" says Amy; "your choice is fair and plain. Here you may have a
handsome, charming gentleman, be rich, live pleasantly and in plenty; or
refuse him, and want a dinner, go in rags, live in tears; in short, beg
and starve. You know this is the case, madam," says Amy; "I wonder how
you can say you know not what to do."

"Well, Amy," says I, "the case is as you say, and I think verily I must
yield to him; but then," said I, moved by conscience, "don't talk any
more of your cant, of its being lawful that I ought to marry again and
that he ought to marry again, and such stuff as that; 'tis all
nonsense," says I, "Amy, there's nothing in it, let me hear no more of
that; for if I yield 'tis in vain to mince the matter, I am a whore,
Amy, neither better nor worse, I assure you."

"I don't think so, madam, by no means," says Amy, "I wonder how you can
talk so"; and then she ran on with her argument of the unreasonableness
that a woman should be obliged to live single or a man to live single in
such cases, as before. "Well, Amy," said I, "come let us dispute no
more, for the longer I enter into that part, the greater my scruples
will be, but if I let it alone the necessity of my present circumstances
is such that I believe I shall yield to him if he should importune me
much about it, but I should be glad he would not do it at all but leave
me as I am."

"As to that, madam, you may depend," says Amy, "he expects to have you
for his bedfellow to-night. I saw it plainly in his management all day,
and at last he told you so too, as plain, I think, as he could." "Well,
well, Amy," said I, "I don't know what to say; if he will, he must, I
think; I don't know how to resist such a man that has done so much for
me." "I don't know how you should," says Amy.

Thus Amy and I canvassed the business between us. The jade prompted the
crime, which I had but too much inclination to commit; that is to say,
not as a crime, for I had nothing of the vice in my constitution; my
spirits were far from being high, my blood had no fire in it to kindle
the flame of desire, but the kindness and good humour of the man and the
dread of my own circumstances concurred to bring me to the point, and I
even resolved, before he asked, to give up my virtue to him whenever he
should put it to the question.

In this I was a double offender, whatever he was, for I was resolved to
commit the crime, knowing and owning it to be a crime. He, if it was
true as he said, was fully persuaded it was lawful, and in that
persuasion he took the measures and used all the circumlocutions which I
am going to speak of.

About two hours after he was gone, came a Leadenhall basket-woman with a
whole load of good things for the mouth (the particulars are not to the
purpose), and brought orders to get supper by eight o'clock. However, I
did not intend to begin to dress anything till I saw him, and he gave me
time enough, for he came before seven; so that Amy, who had gotten one
to help her, got everything ready in time.

We sat down to supper about eight, and were indeed very merry. Amy made
us some sport, for she was a girl of spirit and wit, and with her talk
she made us laugh very often, and yet the jade managed her wit with all
the good manners imaginable.

But to shorten the story. After supper he took me up into his chamber,
where Amy had made a good fire, and there he pulled out a great many
papers and spread them upon a little table, and then took me by the
hand, and after kissing me very much he entered into a discourse of his
circumstances and of mine, how they agreed in several things exactly;
for example, that I was abandoned of a husband in the prime of my youth
and vigour, and he of a wife in his middle age; how the end of marriage
was destroyed by the treatment we had either of us received, and it
would be very hard that we should be tied by the formality of the
contract where the essence of it was destroyed. I interrupted him, and
told him there was a vast difference between our circumstances, and that
in the most essential part, namely, that he was rich and I was poor,
that he was above the world and I infinitely below it, that his
circumstances were very easy, mine miserable, and this was an inequality
the most essential that could be imagined. "As to that, my dear," says
he, "I have taken such measures as shall make an equality still"; and
with that he showed me a contract in writing, wherein he engaged himself
to me, to cohabit constantly with me, to provide for me in all respects
as a wife, and repeating in the preamble a long account of the nature
and reason of our living together, and an obligation in the penalty of
7,000 never to abandon me, and at last showed me a bond for 500 to be
paid to me or to my assigns within three months after his death.

He read over all these things to me, and then in a most moving,
affectionate manner, and in words not to be answered, he said, "Now, my
dear, is this not sufficient? Can you object anything against it? If
not, as I believe you will not, then let us debate this matter no
longer." With that he pulled out a silk purse which had three-score
guineas in it, and threw them into my lap, and concluded all the rest of
his discourse with kisses and protestations of his love, of which,
indeed, I had abundant proof.

Pity human frailty, you that read of a woman reduced in her youth and
prime to the utmost misery and distress, and raised again, as above, by
the unexpected and surprising bounty of a stranger; I say, pity her if
she was not able, after all these things, to make any more resistance.

However, I stood out a little longer still. I asked him how he could
expect that I could come into a proposal of such consequence the very
first time it was moved to me, and that I ought (if I consented to it)
to capitulate with him that he should never upbraid me with easiness and
consenting too soon. He said no, but on the contrary he would take it as
a mark of the greatest kindness I could show him. Then he went on to
give reasons why there was no occasion to use the ordinary ceremony of
delay or to wait a reasonable time of courtship, which was only to avoid
scandal, but as this was private it had nothing of that nature in it;
that he had been courting me some time by the best of courtship, viz.
doing acts of kindness to me, and he had given testimonies of his
sincere affection to me by deeds, not by flattering trifles and the
usual courtship of words, which were often found to have very little
meaning; that he took me not as a mistress but as his wife, and
protested it was clear to him he might lawfully do it and that I was
perfectly at liberty; and assured me by all that it was possible for an
honest man to say, that he would treat me as his wife as long as he
lived. In a word, he conquered all the little resistance I intended to
make. He protested he loved me above all the world, and begged I would
for once believe him; that he had never deceived me, and never would,
but would make it his study to make my life comfortable and happy and to
make me forget the misery I had gone through. I stood still awhile and
said nothing, but seeing him eager for my answer, I smiled, and looking
up at him, "And must I, then," says I, "say yes at first asking? Must I
depend upon your promise? Why, then," said I, "upon the faith of that
promise, and in the sense of that inexpressible kindness you have shown
me, you shall be obliged, and I will be wholly yours to the end of my
life." And with that I took his hand which held me by the hand, and gave
it a kiss.

Chapter  4

And thus, in gratitude for the favours I received from a man, was all
sense of religion and duty to God, all regard to virtue and honour,
given up at once, and we were to call one another man and wife, who in
the sense of the laws both of God and our country were no more than two
adulterers, in short, a whore and a rogue. Nor, as I have said above,
was my conscience silent in it, though it seems his was; for I sinned
with open eyes, and thereby had a double guilt upon me. As I always
said, his notions were of another kind, and he either was before of the
opinion, or argued himself into it now, that we were both free and might
lawfully marry.

But I was quite of another side, nay, and my judgmemt was right, but my
circumstances were my temptation; the terrors behind me looked blacker
than the terrors before me, and the dreadful argument of wanting bread,
and being run into the horrible distresses I was in before, mastered all
my resolution, and I gave myself up, as above.

The rest of the evening we spent very agreeably to me; he was perfectly
good-humoured and was at that time very merry. Then he made Amy dance
with him, and I told him I would put Amy to bed to him. Amy said, with
all her heart; she never had been a bride in her life. In short, he made
the girl so merry, that had he not been to lie with me the same night, I
believe he would have played the fool with Amy for half an hour, and the
girl would no more have refused him than I intended to do. Yet before, I
had always found her a very modest wench as any I ever saw in all my
life, but, in short, the mirth of that night and a few more such
afterwards ruined the girl's modesty for ever, as shall appear by and by
in its place.

So far does fooling and toying sometimes go, that I know nothing a young
woman has to be more cautious of. So far had this innocent girl gone in
jesting between her and I, and in talking that she would let him lie
with her if he would but be kinder to me, that at last she let him lie
with her in earnest; and so empty was I now of all principle, that I
encouraged the doing it almost before my face.

I say but too justly that I was empty of principle, because, as above, I
had yielded to him, not as deluded to believe it lawful, but as overcome
by his kindness and terrified at the fear of my own misery if he should
leave me. So with my eyes open and with my conscience, as I may say,
awake, I sinned, knowing it to be a sin but having no power to resist.
When this had thus made a hole in my heart, and I was come to such a
height as to transgress against the light of my own conscience, I was
then fit for any wickedness, and conscience left off speaking where it
found it could not be heard.

But to return to our story. Having consented, as above, to his proposal,
we had not much more to do. He gave me my writings, and the bond for my
maintenance during his life and for 500 after his death; and so far was
he from abating his affection to me afterwards, that two years after we
were thus, as he called it, married, he made his will and gave me 1,000
more, and all my household stuff, plate, etc., which was considerable

Amy put us to bed, and my new friend (I cannot call him husband) was so
well pleased with Amy for her fidelity and kindness to me, that he paid
her all the arrears of her wages that I owed her, and gave her five
guineas over; and had it gone no further, Amy had richly deserved what
she had, for never was a maid so true to a mistress in such dreadful
circumstances as I was in. Nor was what followed more her own fault than
mine, who led her almost into it at first and quite into it at last; and
this may be a further testimony what a hardness of crime I was now
arrived to, which was owing to the conviction that was from the
beginning upon me, that I was a whore, not a wife, nor could I ever
frame my mouth to call him husband or to say "my husband" when I was
speaking of him.

We lived surely the most agreeable life, the grand exception only
excepted, that ever two lived together. He was the most obliging,
gentlemanly man and the most tender of me that ever woman gave herself
up to; nor was there ever the least interruption to our mutual kindness,
no, not to the last day of his life. But I must bring Amy's disaster in
at once, that I may have done with her.

Amy was dressing me one morning, for now I had two maids, and Amy was my
chamber-maid. "Dear madam," says Amy, "what! ain't you with child yet?"
"No, Amy," says I, "nor any sign of it." "Law, madam," says Amy, "what
have you been doings. Why, you have been married a year and a half; I
warrant you master would have got me with child twice in that time." "It
may be so, Amy," says I, "let him try, can't you." "No," says Amy,
"you'll forbid it now; I told you he should with all my heart, but I
won't now, now he's all your own." "Oh," says I, "Amy, I'll freely give
you my consent, it will be nothing at all to me; nay, I'll put you to
bed to him myself one night or other if you are willing." "No, madam,
no," says Amy, "not now he's yours."

"Why, you fool you," says I, "don't I tell you I'll put you to bed to
him myself."

"Nay, nay," says Amy, "if you put me to bed to him, that's another case;
I believe I shall not rise again very soon."

"I'll venture that, Amy," says I.

After supper that night, and before we were risen from table, I said to
him, Amy being by, "Hark ye, Mr. ----, do you know that you are to lie
with Amy to-night?" "No, not I," says he; but turns to Amy, "Is it so,
Amy?" says he. "No, sir," says she. "Nay, don't say no, you fool; did
not I promise to put you to bed to him?" But the girl said no still, and
it passed off.

At night, when we came to go to bed, Amy came into the chamber to
undress me, and her master slipped into bed first. Then I began and told
him all that Amy had said about my not being with child, and of her
being with child twice in that time. "Ay, Mrs. Amy," says he, "I believe
so too; come hither and we'll try." But Amy did not go. "Go, you fool,"
says I, "can't you; I freely give you both leave." But Amy would not go.
"Nay, you whore," says I, "you said if I would put you to bed you would
with all your heart "; and with that I sat her down, pulled off her
stockings and shoes, and all her clothes, piece by piece, and led her to
the bed to him. "Here," says I, "try what you can do with your maid
Amy." She pulled back a little, would not let me pull off her clothes at
first, but it was hot weather and she had not many clothes on, and
particularly no stays on; and at last, when she saw I was in earnest,
she let me do what I would; so I fairly stripped her, and then I threw
open the bed and thrust her in.

I need say no more; this is enough to convince anybody that I did not
think him my husband, and that I had cast off all principle and all
modesty and had effectually stifled conscience.

Amy, I dare say, began now to repent, and would fain have got out of bed
again, but he said to her, "Nay, Amy, you see your mistress has put you
to bed, 'tis all her doing, you must blame her." So he held her fast,
and the wench being naked in the bed with him, 'twas too late to look
back, so she lay still and let him do what he would with her.

Had I looked upon myself as a wife, you cannot suppose I would have been
willing to have let my husband lie with my maid, much less before my
face, for I stood by all the while; but as I thought myself a whore, I
cannot say but that it was something designed in my thoughts that my
maid should be a whore too, and should not reproach me with it.

Amy, however, less vicious than I, was grievously out of sorts the next
morning, and cried and took on most vehemently, that she was ruined and
undone, and there was no pacifying her; she was a whore, a slut, and she
was undone! undone! and cried almost all day. I did all I could to
pacify her. "A whore!" says I; "well, and am not I a whore as well as
you?" "No, no," says Amy, "no, you are not, for you are married." "Not
I, Amy," says I, "I do not pretend to it; he may marry you to-morrow if
he will, for anything I could do to hinder it; I am not married, I do
not look upon it as anything." Well, all did not pacify Amy; she cried
two or three days about it, but it wore off by degrees.

But the case differed between Amy and her master exceedingly; for Amy
retained the same kind temper she always had, but on the contrary he was
quite altered, for he hated her heartily, and could, I believe, have
killed her after it; and he told me so, for he thought this a vile
action, whereas what he and I had done he was perfectly easy in, thought
it just, and esteemed me as much his wife as if we had been married from
our youth and had neither of us known any other; nay, he loved me, I
believe, as entirely as if I had been the wife of his youth; nay, he
told me, it was true in one sense, that he had two wives, but that I was
the wife of his affection, the other the wife of his aversion.

I was extremely concerned at the aversion he had taken to my maid Amy,
and used my utmost skill to get it altered; for though he had indeed
debauched the wench, I know that I was the principal occasion of it, and
as he was the best-humoured man in the world, I never gave him over till
I prevailed with him to be easy with her; and as I was now become the
devil's agent to make others as wicked as myself, I brought him to lie
with her again several times after that, till at last, as the poor girl
said, so it happened, and she was really with child.

She was terribly concerned at it, and so was he too. "Come, my dear,"
says I, "when Rachel put her handmaid to bed to Jacob she took the
children as her own. Don't be uneasy, I'll take the child as my own; had
not I a hand in the frolic of putting her to bed to you? It was my fault
as much as yours." So I called Amy and encouraged her too, and told her
that I would take care of the child and her too, and added the same
argument to her. "For," says I, "Amy, it was all my fault; did not I
drag your clothes off your back and put you to bed to him?" Thus I, that
had indeed been the cause of all the wickedness between them, encouraged
them both when they had any remorse about it, and rather prompted them
to go on with it than to repent of it.

When Amy grew big she went to a place I had provided for her, and the
neighbours knew nothing but that Amy and I were parted. She had a fine
child indeed, a daughter, and we had it nursed, and Amy came again in
about half a year to live with her old mistress. But neither my
gentleman nor Amy either cared for playing that game over again; for, as
he said, the jade might bring him a houseful of children to keep.

We lived as merrily and as happily after this as could be expected,
considering our circumstances; I mean as to the pretended marriage, etc.
And as to that, my gentleman had not the least concern about him for it;
but as much as I was hardened, and that was as much as I believe ever
any wicked creature was, yet I could not help it; there was and would be
hours of intervals and of dark reflections which came involuntarily in
and thrust in sighs into the middle of all my songs, and there would be
sometimes a heaviness of heart which intermingled itself with all my joy
and which would often fetch a tear from my eye. And let others pretend
what they will, I believe it impossible to be otherwise with anybody.
There can be no substantial satisfaction in a life of known wickedness;
conscience will, and does, often break in upon them at particular times,
let them do what they can to prevent it.

But I am not to preach, but to relate; and whatever loose reflections
were, and how often soever those dark intervals came on, I did my utmost
to conceal them from him, ay, and to suppress and smother them too in
myself, and to outward appearance we lived as cheerfully and as
agreeably as it was possible for any couple in the world to live.

After I had thus lived with him something above two years, truly I found
myself with child too. My gentleman was mightily pleased at it, and
nothing could be kinder than he was in the preparations he made for me
and for my lying-in, which was, however, very private, because I cared
for as little company as possible, nor had I kept up my neighbourly
acquaintance, so that I had nobody to invite upon such an occasion.

I was brought to bed very well (of a daughter too, as well as Amy), but
the child died at about six weeks old; so all that work was to do over
again, that is to say, the charge, the expense, the travel, etc.

The next year I made him amends, and brought him a son, to his great
satisfaction. It was a charming child and he did very well. After this,
my husband, as he called himself, came to me one evening and told me he
had a very difficult thing happened to him, which he knew not what to do
in or how to resolve about unless I would make him easy; this was, that
his occasions required him to go over to France for about two months.

"Well, my dear," says I, "and how shall I make you easy?"

"Why, by consenting to let me go," says he; "upon which condition I'll
tell you the occasion of my going, that you may judge of the necessity
there is for it on my side." Then to make me easy in his going, he told
me he would make his will before he went, which should be to my full

I told him the last part was so kind that I could not decline the first
part, unless he would give me leave to add that if it was not for
putting him to an extraordinary expense I would go over along with him.

He was so pleased with this offer that he told me he would give me full
satisfaction for it, and accept of it too. So he took me to London with
him the next day, and there he made his will, and showed it to me,
sealed it before proper witnesses, and then gave it to me to keep. In
this will he gave a thousand pounds to a person that we both knew very
well, in trust, to pay it, with the interest from the time of his
decease, to me or my assigns; then he willed the payment of my jointure,
as he called it, viz. his bond of a hundred pounds, after his death,
also he gave me all my household stuff, plate, etc.

This was a most engaging thing for a man to do to one under my
circumstances, and it would have been hard, as I told him, to deny him
anything or to refuse to go with him anywhere. So we settled everything
as well as we could, left Amy in charge of the house, and for his other
business, which was in jewels, he had two men he entrusted, whom he had
good security for, and who managed for him and corresponded with him.

Things being thus concerted, we went away to France, arrived safe at
Calais, and by easy journeys came in eight days more to Paris, where we
lodged in the house of an English merchant of his acquaintance and were
very courteously entertained.

My gentleman's business was with some persons of the first rank, and to
whom he had sold some jewels of very good value and received a great sum
of money in specie, and, as he told me privately, he gained 3,000
pistoles by his bargain, but would not suffer the most intimate friend
he had there to know what he had received, for it is not so safe a thing
in Paris to have a great sum of money in keeping, as it might be in

We made this journey much longer than we intended, and my gentleman sent
for one of his managers in London to come over to us to Paris with some
diamonds, and sent him back to London again to fetch more. Then other
business fell into his hands so unexpectedly, that I began to think we
should take up our constant residence there, which I was not very averse
to, it being my native country, and I spoke the language perfectly well.
So we took a good house in Paris and lived very well there, and I sent
for Amy to come over to me; for I lived gallantly, and my gentleman was
two or three times going to keep me a coach, but I declined it,
especially at Paris; but as they have those conveniences by the day
there at a certain rate, I had an equipage provided for me whenever I
pleased, and I lived here in a very good figure, and might have lived
higher if I pleased.

But in the middle of all this felicity a dreadful disaster befell me,
which entirely unhinged all my affairs and threw me back into the same
state of life that I was in before; with this one happy exception,
however, that whereas before I was poor even to misery, now I was not
only provided for, but very rich.

My gentleman had the name in Paris for a very rich man, and indeed he
was so, though not so immensely rich as people imagined; but that which
was fatal to him was that he generally carried a shagreen case in his
pocket, especially when he went to court or to the houses of any of the
princes of the blood, in which he had jewels of very great value.

It happened one day, that being to go to Versailles to wait upon the
Prince of ----, he came up into my chamber in the morning and laid out
his jewel case, because he was not going to show any jewels, but to get
a foreign bill accepted which he had received from Amsterdam. So when he
gave me the case, he said, "My dear, I think I need not carry this with
me, because it may be I may not come back till night, and it is too much
to venture." I returned "Then, my dear, you shan't go." "Why?" says he.
"Because as they are too much for you, so you are too much for me to
venture, and you shall not go unless you will promise me not to stay, so
as to come back in the night."

"I hope there's no danger," said he, "seeing I have nothing about me of
any value; and therefore, lest I should, take that too," says he, and
gives me his gold watch, and a rich diamond which he had in a ring and
always wore on his finger.

"Well, but, my dear," says I, "you make me more uneasy now than before,
for if you apprehend no danger, why do you use this caution? and if you
apprehend there is danger, why do you go at all?"

"There is no danger," says he, "if I do not stay late, and I do not
design to do so."

"Well, but promise me, then, that you won't," says I, "or else I cannot
let you go."

"I won't indeed, my dear," says he, "unless I am obliged to it. I assure
you I do not intend it, but if I should, I am not worth robbing now, for
I have nothing about me but about six pistoles in my little purse, and
that little ring," showing me a small diamond ring, worth about ten or
twelve pistoles, which he put upon his finger in the room of the rich
one he usually wore.

I still pressed him not to stay late, and he said he would not. "But if
I am kept late," says he, "beyond my expectation, I'll stay all night
and come next morning." This seemed a very good caution, but still my
mind was very uneasy about him, and I told him so, and entreated him not
to go. I told him I did not know what might be the reason, but that I
had a strange terror upon my mind about his going, and that, if he did
go, I was persuaded some harm would attend him. He smiled, and returned,
"Well, my dear, if it should be so, you are now richly provided for; all
that I have here I give to you." And with that he takes up the casket or
case. "Here," says he, "hold your hand, there is a good estate for you
in this case; if anything happens to me, 'tis all your own, I give it
you for yourself." And with that he put the casket, the fine ring, and
his gold watch all into my hands, and the key of his escritoire besides,
adding, "And in my escritoire there is some money; 'tis all your own."

I stared at him as if I was frighted, for I thought all his face looked
like a death's head, and then immediately I thought I perceived his head
all bloody, and then his clothes looked bloody too; and immediately it
all went off and he looked as he really did. Immediately I fell a-crying
and hung about him. "My dear," said I, "I am frighted to death; you
shall not go; depend upon it, some mischief will befall you." I did not
tell him how my vapourish fancy had represented him to me; that, I
thought, was not proper; besides, he would only have laughed at me, and
would have gone away with a jest about it. But I pressed him seriously
not to go that day, or, if he did, to promise me to come home to Paris
again by daylight. He looked a little graver then than he did before,
told me he was not apprehensive of the least danger; but if there was,
he would either take care to come in the day or, as he had said before,
would stay all night.

But all these promises came to nothing, for he was set upon in the open
day and robbed by three men on horseback, masked, as he went; and one of
them, who it seems rifled him while the rest stood to stop the coach,
stabbed him into the body with a sword, so that he died immediately. He
had a footman behind the coach whom they knocked down with the stock or
butt end of a carbine. They were supposed to kill him because of the
disappointment they met with in not getting his case or casket of
diamonds, which they knew he carried about him; and this was supposed,
because after they had killed him they made the coachman drive out of
the road a long way over the heath till they came to a convenient place,
where they pulled him out of the coach and searched his clothes more
narrowly than they could do while he was alive.

But they found nothing but his little ring, six pistoles, and the value
of about seven livres in small moneys.

This was a dreadful blow to me, though I cannot say I was so surprised
as I should otherwise have been; for all the while he was gone my mind
was oppressed with the weight of my own thoughts, and I was as sure that
I should never see him any more, that I think nothing could be like it;
the impression was so strong, that I think nothing could make so deep a
wound that was imaginary, and I was so dejected and disconsolate, that
when I received the news of his disaster, there was no room for any
extraordinary alteration in me. I had cried all that day, ate nothing,
and only waited, as I might say, to receive the dismal news, which I had
brought to me about five o'clock in the afternoon.

Chapter  5

I was in a strange country, and, though I had a pretty many
acquaintances, had but very few friends that I could consult on this
occasion. All possible enquiry was made after the rogues that had been
thus barbarous, but nothing could be heard of them; nor was it possible
that the footman could make any discovery of them by his description,
for they knocked him down immediately, so that he knew nothing of what
was done afterwards. The coachman was the only man that could say
anything, and all his account amounted to no more than this, that one of
them had soldier's clothes, but he could not remember the particulars of
his mounting so as to know what regiment he belonged to; and as to their
faces, that he could know nothing of, because they had all of them masks

I had him buried as decently as the place would permit a Protestant
stranger to be buried, and made some of the scruples and difficulties on
that account easy by the help of money to a certain person, who went
impudently to the curate of the parish St. Sulpice in Paris and told him
that the gentleman that was killed was a Catholic, that the thieves had
taken from him a cross of gold set with diamonds, worth 6,000 livres,
that his widow was a Catholic and had sent by him sixty crowns to the
Church of ---- for Masses to be said for the repose of his soul. Upon
all which, though not one word of it was true, he was buried with all
the ceremonies of the Roman Church.

I think I almost cried myself to death for him, for I abandoned myself
to all the excesses of grief, and indeed I loved him to a degree
inexpressible; and considering what kindness he had shown me at first,
and how tenderly he had used me to the last, what could I do less?

Then the manner of his death was terrible and frightful to me, and,
above all, the strange notices I had of it. I had never pretended to the
second sight or anything of that kind, but certainly if any one ever had
such a thing, I had it at this time, for I saw him as plainly in all
those terrible shapes as above. First, as a skeleton, not dead only, but
rotten and wasted; secondly, as killed, and his face bloody; and
thirdly, his clothes bloody; and all within the space of one minute, or
indeed of a very few moments.

These things amazed me, and I was a good while as one stupid. However,
after some time I began to recover and look into my affairs. I had the
satisfaction not to be left in distress or in danger of poverty; on the
contrary, besides what he had put into my hands fairly in his lifetime,
which amounted to a very considerable value, I found above seven hundred
pistoles in gold in his escritoire, of which he had given me the key,
and I found foreign bills accepted for about 12,000 livres; so that, in
a word, I found myself possessed of almost ten thousand pounds sterling
in a very few days after the disaster.

The first thing I did upon this occasion was to send a letter to my maid
(as I still called her) Amy, wherein I gave her an account of my
disaster; how my husband as she called him (for I never called him so),
was murdered, and as I did not know how his relations or his wife's
friends might act upon that occasion, I ordered her to convey away all
the plate, linen, and other things of value and to secure them in a
person's hands that I directed her to, and then to sell or dispose the
furniture of the house if she could, and so, without acquainting anybody
with the reason of her going, withdraw, sending notice to his head
manager at London that the house was quitted by the tenant, and they
might come and take possession of it for the executors. Amy was so
dexterous, and did her work so nimbly, that she gutted the house, and
sent the key to the said manager almost as soon as he had notice of the
misfortune that befell their master.

Upon their receiving the surprising news of his death, the head manager
came over to Paris and came to the house. I made no scruple of calling
myself Madame ----, the widow of Monsieur ----, the English jeweller;
and as I spoke French naturally, I did not let him know but that I was
his wife, married in France, and that I had not heard that he had any
wife in England, but pretended to be surprised, and exclaimed against
him for so base an action; and that I had good friends in Poitou, where
I was born, who would take care to have justice done me in England out
of his estate.

I should have observed that as soon as the news was public of a man
being murdered, and that he was a jeweller, fame did me the favour as to
publish presently that he was robbed of his casket of jewels, which he
always carried about with him. I confirmed this, among my daily
lamentations, for his disaster, and added that he had with him a fine
diamond ring which he was known to wear frequently about him, valued at
100 pistoles, a gold watch, and a great quantity of diamonds of
inestimable value in his casket, which jewels he was carrying to the
Prince of ----, to show some of them to him; and the Prince owned that
he had spoken to him to bring some such jewels to let him see them. But
I sorely repented this part afterwards, as you shall hear.

This rumour put an end to all enquiry after his jewels, his ring, or his
watch; and as for the 700 pistoles, that I secured. For the bills which
were in hand, I owned I had them; but that as, I said, I brought my
husband 30,000 livres portion, I claimed the said bills, which came to
not above 12,000 livres, for my amende; and this, with the plate and the
household stuff, was the principal of all his estate which they could
come at. As to the foreign bill which he was going to Versailles to get
accepted, it was really lost with him; but his manager, who had remitted
the bill to him by way of Amsterdam, bringing over the second bill, the
money was saved, as they called it, which would otherwise have been also
gone. The thieves who robbed and murdered him were, to be sure, afraid
to send anybody to get the bill accepted, for that would undoubtedly
have discovered them.

By this time my maid Amy was arrived, and she gave me an account of her
management and how she had secured everything, and that she had quitted
the house and sent the key to the head manager of his business, and let
me know how much she had made of everything, very punctually and

I should have observed in the account of his dwelling with me so long at
----, that he never passed for anything there but a lodger in the house,
and though he was landlord, that did not alter the case; so that at his
death, Amy coming to quit the house and give them the key, there was no
affinity between that and the case of their master who was newly killed.

I got good advice at Paris from an eminent lawyer, a counsellor of the
parliament there, and, laying my case before him, he directed me to make
a process in dower upon the estate for making good my new fortune upon
matrimony, which accordingly I did; and, upon the whole, the manager
went back to England well satisfied that he had gotten the unaccepted
bills of exchange, which was for 2,500, with some other things, which
together amounted to 17,000 livres, and thus I got rid of him.

I was visited with great civility on this sad occasion of the loss of my
husband (as they thought him) by a great many ladies of quality; and the
Prince of ---- to whom it was reported he was carrying the jewels, sent
his gentleman with a very handsome compliment of condolence to me; and
his gentleman, whether with or without order, hinted as if His Highness
did intend to have visited me himself, but that some accident, which he
made a long story of, had prevented him.

By the concourse of ladies and others that thus came to visit me I began
to be much known, and as I did not forget to set myself out with all
possible advantage, considering the dress of a widow, which in those
days was a most frightful thing--I say, as I did thus from my own vanity,
for I was not ignorant that I was very handsome--I say, on this account I
was soon made very public, and was known by the name of La belle veuve
de Poitou, or 'The pretty widow of Poitou.' As I was very well pleased
to see myself thus handsomely used in my affliction, it soon dried up
all my tears; and though I appeared as a widow, yet, as we say in
England, it was of a widow comforted. I took care to let the ladies see
that I knew how to receive them, that I was not at a loss how to behave
to any of them; and, in short, I began to be very popular there. But I
had an occasion afterwards which made me decline that kind of
management, as you shall hear presently.

About four days after I had received the compliments of condolence from
the Prince of ----, the same gentleman he had sent before came to tell
me that His Highness was coming to give me a visit. I was indeed
surprised at that, and perfectly at a loss how to behave. However, as
there was no remedy, I prepared to receive him as well as I could. It
was not many minutes after but he was at the door, and came in,
introduced by his own gentleman, as above, and after by my woman Amy.

He treated me with abundance of civility, and condoled handsomely the
loss of my husband and likewise the manner of it. He told me he
understood he was coming to Versailles, to himself, to show him some
jewels; that it was true that he had discoursed with him about jewels,
but could not imagine how any villains should hear of his coming at that
time with them; that he had not ordered him to attend with them at
Versailles, but told him that he would come to Paris by such a day, so
that he was no way accessory to the disaster. I told him gravely I knew
very well that all His Highness had said of that part was true, that
these villains knew his profession, and knew, no doubt, that he always
carried a casket of jewels about him, and that he always wore a diamond
ring on his finger worth a hundred pistoles, which report had magnified
to five hundred; and that if he had been going to any other place, it
would have been the same thing. After this His Highness rose up to go,
and told me he had resolved, however, to make me some reparation, and
with these words put a silk purse into my hand with a hundred pistoles,
and told me he would make a further compliment of a small pension, which
his gentleman would inform me of.

You may be sure I behaved with a due sense of so much goodness, and
offered to kneel to kiss his hand, but he took me up and saluted me, and
sat down again (though before he made as if he was going away), making
me sit down by him.

He then began to talk with me more familiarly; told me he hoped I was
not left in bad circumstances; that Mr. ---- was reputed to be very
rich, and that he had gained lately great sums by some jewels; and he
hoped, he said, that I had still a fortune agreeable to the condition I
had lived in before.

I replied, with some tears, which I confess were a little forced, that I
believed if Mr. ---- had lived we should have been out of danger of
want, but that it was impossible to estimate the loss which I had
sustained, besides that of the life of my husband; that by the opinion
of those that knew something of his affairs and of what value the jewels
were which he intended to have shown to His Highness, he could not have
less about him than the value of a hundred thousand livres; that it was
a fatal blow to me and to his whole family, especially that they should
be lost in such a manner.

His Highness returned, with an air of concern, that he was very sorry
for it, but he hoped if I settled in Paris I might find ways to restore
my fortune. At the same time he complimented me upon my being very
handsome, as he was pleased to call it, and that I could not fail of
admirers. I stood up and humbly thanked His Highness, but told him I had
no expectations of that kind; that I thought I should be obliged to go
over to England to look after my husband's effects there, which I was
told were considerable; but that I did not know what justice a poor
stranger would get among them; and as for Paris, my fortune being so
impaired, I saw nothing before me but to go back to Poitou to my
friends, where some of my relations, I hoped, might do something for me,
and added that one of my brothers was an Abbot at ----, near Poitiers.

He stood up and, taking me by the hand, led me to a large looking-glass
which made up the pier in the front of the parlour. "Look there, madam,"
said he; "is it fit that face," pointing to my figure in the glass,
"should go back to Poitou? No, madam," says he, "stay and make some
gentleman of quality happy, that may in return make you forget all your
sorrows "; and with that he took me in his arms and, kissing me twice,
told me he would see me again, but with less ceremony.

Some little time after this, but the same day, his gentleman came to me
again, and with great ceremony and respect delivered me a black box tied
with a scarlet riband and sealed with a noble coat of arms, which I
suppose was the Prince's. There was in it a grant from His Highness, or
an assignment, I know not which to call it, with a warrant to his banker
to pay me two thousand livres a year during my stay in Paris, as the
widow of Monsieur ---- the jeweller, mentioning the horrid murder of my
late husband as the occasion of it, as above.

I received it with great submission and expressions of being infinitely
obliged to his master, and of my showing myself on all occasions His
Highness's most obedient servant; and after giving my most humble duty
to His Highness, with the utmost acknowledgments of the obligation,
etc., I went to a little cabinet, and taking out some money, which made
a little sound in taking it out, offered to give him five pistoles.

He drew back, but with the greatest respect, and told me he humbly
thanked me, but that he durst not take a farthing; that His Highness
would take it so ill of him, he was sure he would never see his face
more; but that he would not fail to acquaint His Highness what respect I
had offered; and added, "I assure you, madam, you are more in the good
graces of my master, the Prince of ----, than you are aware of, and I
believe you will hear more of him."

Now I began to understand him, and resolved, if His Highness did come
again, he should see me under no disadvantages if I could help it. I
told him if His Highness did me the honour to see me again, I hoped he
would not let me be so surprised as I was before; that I would be glad
to have some little notice of it, and would be obliged to him if he
would procure it me. He told me he was very sure that when His Highness
intended to visit me he should be sent before to give me notice of it,
and that he would give me as much warning of it as possible.

He came several times after this on the same errand, that is, about the
settlement, the grant, requiring several things yet to be done for
making it payable, without going every time to the Prince again for a
fresh warrant. The particulars of this part I did not understand, but as
soon as it was finished, which was above two months, the gentleman came
one afternoon and said His Highness designed to visit me in the evening,
but desired to be admitted without ceremony.

I prepared not my rooms only but myself, and when he came in there was
nobody appeared in the house but his gentleman and my maid Amy; and of
her I bid the gentleman acquaint His Highness that she was an
Englishwoman, that she did not understand a word of French, and that she
was one also that might be trusted.

When he came into my room I fell down at his feet before he could come
to salute me, and with words that I had prepared, full of duty and
respect, thanked him for his bounty and goodness to a poor desolate
woman, oppressed by the weight of so terrible a disaster, and refused to
rise till he would allow me the honour to kiss his hand. "Levez-mous
donc," says the Prince, taking me in his arms, "I design more favours
for you than this trifle "; and going on, he added, "you shall, for the
future, find a friend where you did not look for it, and I resolve to
let you see how kind I can be to one who is to me the most agreeable
creature on earth."

I was dressed in a kind of half-mourning, had turned off my weeds, and
my head, though I had yet no ribands or lace, was so dressed as failed
not to set me out with advantage enough, for I began to understand his
meaning; and the Prince protested I was the most beautiful creature on
earth. "And where have I lived," says he, "and how ill have I been
served that I should never till now be shown the finest woman in

This was the way, in all the world, the most likely to break in upon my
virtue, if I had been mistress of any, for I was now become the vainest
creature upon earth, and particularly of my beauty; which, as other
people admired, so I became every day more foolishly in love with myself
than before.

He said some very kind things to me after this and sat down with me for
an hour or more, when, getting up and calling his gentleman by his name,
he threw open the door. "Au boire," says he; upon which his gentleman
immediately brought up a little table covered with a fine damask cloth,
the table no bigger than he could bring in his two hands, but upon it
was set two decanters, one of champagne and the other of water, six
silver plates, and a service of fine sweetmeats in fine china dishes, on
a set of rings standing up about twenty inches high, one above another;
below was three roasted partridges and a quail. As soon as his gentleman
had set it all down he ordered him to withdraw. "Now," says the Prince,
"I intend to sup with you."

When he sent away his gentleman I stood up and offered to wait on His
Highness while he ate, but he positively refused, and told me "No;
to-morrow you shall be the widow of Monsieur ---- the jeweller, but
to-night you shall be my mistress; therefore sit here," says he, "and
eat with me, or I will get up and serve."

I would then have called up my woman Amy, but I thought that would not
be proper neither, so I made my excuse that since His Highness would not
let his own servant wait I would not presume to let my woman come up,
but if he would please to let me wait, it would be my honour to fill His
Highness's wine; but, as before, he would by no means allow me, so we
sat and ate together.

"Now, madam," says the Prince, "give me leave to lay aside my character,
let us talk together with the freedom of equals. My quality sets me at a
distance from you and makes you ceremonious, your beauty exalts you to
more than an equality; I must then treat you as lovers do their
mistresses, but I cannot speak the language; 'tis enough to tell you how
agreeable you are to me, how I am surprised at your beauty, and resolve
to make you happy and to be happy with you."

I knew not what to say to him for a good while, but blushed and, looking
up towards him, said I was already made happy in the favour of a person
of such rank, and had nothing to ask of His Highness but that he would
believe me infinitely obliged.

After he had eaten he poured the sweetmeats into my lap, and the wine
being out he called his gentleman again to take away the table, who at
first only took the cloth and the remains of what was to eat away, and
laying another cloth, set the table on one side of the room, with a
noble service of plate upon it worth at least 200 pistoles; then having
set the two decanters again upon the table, filled as before, he
withdrew, for I found the fellow understood his business very well, and
his lord's business too.

About half an hour after, the Prince told me that I offered to wait a
little before, that if I would now take the trouble he would give me
leave to give him some wine. So I went to the table, filled a glass of
wine, and brought it to him on a fine salver which the glasses stood on,
and brought the bottle, or decanter for water, in my other hand, to mix
it as he thought fit.

He smiled and bid me look on that salver, which I did, and admired it
much, for it was a very fine one indeed. "You may see," says he, "I
resolve to have more of your company, for my servant shall leave you
that plate for my use." I told him I believed His Highness would not
take it ill that I was not furnished fit to entertain a person of his
rank, and that I would take great care of it, and value myself
infinitely upon the honour of His Highness's visit.

It now began to grow late and he began to take notice of it. "But," says
he, "I cannot leave you; have you not a spare lodging for one night?" I
told him I had but a homely lodging to entertain such a guest. He said
something exceedingly kind on that head, but not fit to repeat, adding
that my company would make him amends.

About midnight he sent his gentleman on an errand, after telling him
aloud that he intended to stay here all night. In a little time his
gentleman brought him a nightgown, slippers, two caps, a neckcloth, and
a shirt, which he gave me to carry into his chamber, and sent his man
home; and then, turning to me, said I should do him the honour to be his
chamberlain of the household, and his dresser also. I smiled, and told
him I would do myself the honour to wait on him upon all occasions.

About one in the morning, while his gentleman was yet with him, I begged
leave to withdraw, supposing he would go to bed; but he took the hint,
and said, "I'm not going to bed yet, pray let me see you again."

I took this time to undress me and to come in a new dress, which was in
a manner un dshabill, but so fine, and all about me so clean and so
agreeable, that he seemed surprised. "I thought," says he, "you could
not have dressed to more advantage than you had done before; but now,"
says he, "you charm me a thousand times more, if that be possible."

"It is only a loose habit, my lord," said I, "that I may the better wait
on Your Highness." He pulls me to him. "You are perfectly obliging,"
says he; and sitting on the bedside, says he, "Now you shall be a
princess and know what it is to oblige the gratefullest man alive "; and
with that he took me in his arms. . . . I can go no further in the
particulars of what passed at that time, but it ended in this, that, in
short, I lay with him all night.

I have given you the whole detail of this story, to lay it down as a
black scheme of the way how unhappy women are ruined by great men; for
though poverty and want is an irresistible temptation to the poor,
vanity and great things are as irresistible to others. To be courted by
a prince, and by a prince who was first a benefactor, then an admirer,
to be called handsome, the finest woman in France, and to be treated as
a woman fit for the bed of a prince: these are things a woman must have
no vanity in her, nay, no corruption in her, that is not overcome by it;
and my case was such, that, as before, I had enough of both.

Chapter  6

I had now no poverty attending me. On the contrary, I was mistress of
ten thousand pounds before the Prince did anything for me. Had I been
mistress of my resolution, had I been less obliging and rejected the
first attack, all had been safe; but my virtue was lost before, and the
devil, who had found the way to break in upon me by one temptation,
easily mastered me now by another, and I gave myself up to a person who,
though a man of high dignity, was yet the most tempting and obliging
that ever I met with in my life.

I had the same particular to insist upon here with the Prince that I had
with my gentleman before. I hesitated much at consenting at first
asking, but the Prince told me princes did not court like other men,
that they brought more powerful arguments, and he very prettily added
that they were sooner repulsed than other men and ought to be sooner
complied with, intimating, though very genteelly, that after a woman had
positively refused him once, he could not, like other men, wait with
importunities and stratagems and laying long sieges; but as such men as
he stormed warmly, so, if repulsed, they made no second attacks; and
indeed it was but reasonable, for as it was below their rank to be long
battering a woman's constancy, so they ran greater hazards in being
exposed in their amours than other men did.

I took this for a satisfactory answer, and told His Highness that I had
the same thoughts in respect to the manner of his attacks, for that his
person and his arguments were irresistible; that a person of his rank
and a munificence so unbounded could not be withstood; that no virtue
was proof against him, except such as was able too to suffer martyrdom;
that I thought it impossible I could be overcome, but that now I found
it was impossible I should not be overcome; that so much goodness,
joined with so much greatness, would have conquered a saint; and that I
confessed he had the victory over me by a merit infinitely superior to
the conquest he had made.

He made me a most obliging answer; told me abundance of fine things
which still flattered my vanity, till at last I began to have pride
enough to believe him and fancied myself a fit mistress for a prince.

As I had thus given the Prince the last favour, and he had all the
freedom with me that it was possible for me to grant, so he gave me
leave to use as much freedom with him another way, and that was to have
everything of him I thought fit to command. And yet I did not ask of him
with an air of avarice, as if I was greedily making a penny of him, but
I managed him with such art that he generally anticipated my demands; he
only requested of me that I would not think of taking another house, as
I had intimated to His Highness that I had intended, not thinking it
good enough to receive his visits in. But, he said, my house was the
most convenient that could possibly be found in all Paris for an amour,
especially for him, having a way out into three streets, and not
overlooked by any neighbours, so that he could pass and repass without
observation, for one of the back ways opened into a narrow dark alley,
which alley was a thoroughfare or passage out of one street into
another, and any person that went in or out by the door had no more to
do but to see that there was nobody following him in the alley before he
went in at the door. This request I knew was reasonable, and therefore I
assured him I would not change my dwelling, seeing His Highness did not
think it too mean for me to receive him in.

He also desired me that I would not take any more servants or set up any
equipage, at least for the present, for that it would then be
immediately concluded I had been left very rich, and then I should be
thronged with the impertinence of admirers, who would be attracted by
the money as well as by the beauty of a young widow, and he should be
frequently interrupted in his visits; or that the world would conclude I
was maintained by somebody and would be indefatigable to find out the
person; so that he should have spies peeping at him every time he went
out or in, which it would be impossible to disappoint, and that he
should presently have it talked over all the toilets in Paris that the
Prince de ---- had got the jeweller's widow for a mistress.

This was too just to oppose, and I made no scruple to tell His Highness
that since he had stooped so low as to make me his own, he ought to have
all the satisfaction in the world that I was all his own; that I would
take all the measures he should please to direct me to avoid the
impertinent attacks of others; and that if he thought fit I would be
wholly within doors, and have it given out that I was obliged to go to
England to solicit my affairs there after my husband's misfortune, and
that I was not expected there again for at least a year or two. This he
liked very well; only, he said, that he would by no means have me
confined, that it would injure my health, and that I should then take a
country house in some village, a good way off from the city, where it
should not be known who I was, and that I should be there sometimes, to
divert me.

I made no scruple of the confinement, and told His Highness no place
could be a confinement where I had such a visitor; and so I put off the
country house, which would have been to remove myself further from him
and have less of his company, and I made the house be, as it were, shut
up. Amy indeed appeared, and when any of the neighbours and servants
enquired, she answered in broken French that I was gone to England to
look after my affairs, which presently went current through the streets
about us. For you are to note that the people of Paris, especially the
women, are the most busy and impertinent enquirers into the conduct of
their neighbours, especially that of a single woman, that are in the
world; though there are no greater intriguers in the universe than
themselves, and perhaps that may be the reason of it, for it is an old
but a sure rule that

When deep intrigues are close and shy,
The guilty are the first that spy.

Thus His Highness had the most easy and yet the most undiscoverable
access to me imaginable, and he seldom failed to come two or three
nights in a week, and sometimes stayed two or three nights together.
Once he told me he was resolved I should be weary of his company, and
that he would learn to know what it was to be a prisoner; so he gave out
among his servants that he was gone to ----, where he often went
a-hunting, and that he should not return under a fortnight. And that
fortnight he stayed wholly with me, and never went out of my doors.

Never woman in such a station lived a fortnight in so complete a
fullness of human delight. For, to have the entire possession of one of
the most accomplished princes in the world, and of the politest,
best-bred man, to converse with him all day and, as he professed, charm
him all night, what could be more inexpressibly pleasing, and especially
to a woman of a vast deal of pride as I was?

To finish the felicity of this part, I must not forget that the devil
had played a new game with me, and prevailed with me to satisfy myself
with this amour as a lawful thing; that a prince of such grandeur and
majesty, so infinitely superior to me, and one who had made such an
introduction by an unparalleled bounty, I could not resist; and
therefore that it was very lawful for me to do it, being at that time
perfectly single and unengaged to any other man--as I was, most
certainly, by the unaccountable absence of my first husband, and the
murder of my gentleman who went for my second.

It cannot be doubted but that I was the easier to persuade myself of the
truth of such a doctrine as this, when it was so much for my ease and
for the repose of my mind to have it be so.

In things we wish, 'tis easy to deceive; What we would have, we
willingly believe.

Besides, I had no casuists to resolve this doubt. The same devil that
put this into my head bade me go to any of the Romish clergy and, under
the pretence of confession, state the case exactly, and I should see
they would either resolve it to be no sin at all, or absolve me upon the
easiest penance. This I had a strong inclination to try, but I know not
what scruple put me off it, for I could never bring myself to like
having to do with those priests. And though it was strange that I, who
had thus prostituted my chastity and given up all sense of virtue in two
such particular cases, living a life of open adultery, should scruple
anything; yet so it was, I argued with myself, that I could not be a
cheat in anything that was esteemed sacred, that I could not be of one
opinion and then pretend myself to be of another, nor could I go to
confession who knew nothing of the manner of it, and should betray
myself to the priest to be a Huguenot, and then might come into trouble;
but, in short, though I was a whore, yet I was a Protestant whore, and
could not act as if I was Popish upon any account whatsoever.

But, I say, I satisfied myself with the surprising occasion that as it
was all irresistible, so it was all lawful; for that Heaven would not
suffer us to be punished for that which it was not possible for us to
avoid. And with these absurdities I kept conscience from giving me any
considerable disturbance in all this matter, and I was as perfectly easy
as to the lawfulness of it as if I had been married to the Prince and
had had no other husband. So possible is it for us to roll ourselves up
in wickedness, till we grow invulnerable by conscience; and that
sentinel, once dozed, sleeps fast, not to be awakened while the tide of
pleasure continues to flow or till something dark and dreadful brings us
to ourselves again.

I have, I confess, wondered at the stupidity that my intellectual part
was under all that while, what lethargic fumes dozed the soul, and how
it was possible that I, who in the case before, where the temptation was
many ways more forcible and the arguments stronger and more
irresistible, was yet under a continued inquietude on account of the
wicked life I led, could now live in the most profound tranquillity, and
with an uninterrupted peace, nay, even rising up to satisfaction and
joy, and yet in a more palpable state of adultery than before; for
before, my gentleman who had called me wife had the pretence of his
wife, being parted from him, refusing to do the duty of her once as a
wife to him. As for me, my circumstances were the same; but as for the
Prince, as he had a fine and extraordinary lady, or Princess, of his
own, so he had had two or three mistresses more besides me and made no
scruple of it at all.

However, I say, as to my own part I enjoyed myself in perfect
tranquillity, and as the Prince was the only deity I worshipped, so I
was really his idol. And however it was with his Princess, I assure you
his other mistresses found a sensible difference; and though they could
never find me out, yet I had good intelligence that they guessed very
well that their lord had got some new favourite that robbed them of his
company, and perhaps of some of his usual bounty too. And now I must
mention the sacrifices he made to his idol; and they were not a few, I
assure you.

As he loved like a prince, so he rewarded like a prince; for though he
declined my making a figure, as above, he let me see that he was above
doing it for the saving the expense of it--and so he told me--and that he
would make it up in other things. First of all he sent me a toilet with
all the appurtenances of silver, even so much as the frame of the table,
and then for the house he gave me the table or sideboard of plate I
mentioned above, with all things belonging to it of massy silver; so
that, in short, I could not for my life study to ask him for any thing
of plate which I had not.

He could then accommodate me in nothing more but jewels and clothes, or
money for clothes. He sent his gentleman to the mercers, and bought me a
suit or whole piece of the finest brocaded silk, figured with gold, and
another with silver, and another of crimson, so that I had three suits
of clothes such as the Queen of France would not have disdained to have
worn at that time. Yet I went out nowhere; but as these were for me to
put on when I went out of mourning, I dressed myself in them, one after
another, always when His Highness came to see me.

I had no less than five several morning dresses besides these, so that I
need never be seen twice in the same dress. To these he added several
parcels of fine linen and of lace, so much that I had no room to ask for
more, or indeed for so much.

I took the liberty once in our freedoms to tell him he was too bountiful
and that I was too chargeable to him for a mistress, and that I would be
his faithful servant at less expense to him, and that he not only left
me no room to ask him for anything, but that he supplied me with such a
profusion of good things that I scarce could wear them or use them
unless I kept a great equipage, which he knew was no way convenient for
him or for me. He smiled and took me in his arms, and told me he was
resolved, while I was his, I should never be able to ask him for
anything, but that he would be daily asking new favours of me.

After we were up, for this conference was in bed, he desired I would
dress me in the best suit of clothes I had. It was a day or two after
the three suits were made and brought home. I told him, if he pleased, I
would rather dress me in that suit which I knew he liked best. He asked
me how I could know which he would like best before he had seen them. I
told him I would presume for once to guess at his fancy by my own, so I
went away and dressed me in the second suit brocaded with silver, and
returned in full dress, with a suit of lace upon my head which would
have been worth in England 200 sterling; and I was every way set out as
well as Amy could dress me, who was a very genteel dresser too. In this
figure I came to him out of my dressing-room, which opened with folding
doors into his bedchamber.

He sat as one astonished a good while, looking at me without speaking a
word, till I came quite up to him, knelt on one knee to him, and almost,
whether he would or no, kissed his hand. He took me up, and stood up
himself, but was surprised when, taking me in his arms, he perceived
tears to run down my cheeks. "My dear," says he aloud, "what mean these
tears?" "My lord," said I after some little check, for I could not speak
presently, "I beseech you to believe me, they are not tears of sorrow
but tears of joy. It is impossible for me to see myself snatched from
the misery I was fallen into and at once to be in the arms of a Prince
of such goodness, such immense bounty, and be treated in such a
manner--'tis not possible, my lord," said I, "to contain the satisfaction
of it, and it will break out in an excess in some measure proportioned
to your immense bounty and to the affection which Your Highness treats
me with, who am so infinitely below you."

It would look a little too much like a romance here to repeat all the
kind things he said to me on that occasion, but I can't omit one
passage. As he saw the tears drop down my cheek, he pulls out a fine
cambric handkerchief and was going to wipe the tears off, but checked
his hand as if he was afraid to deface something. I say he checked his
hand, and tossed the handkerchief to me to do it myself. I took the hint
immediately, and with a kind of pleasant disdain, "How! my lord," said
I, "have you kissed me so often and don't you know whether I am painted
or not? Pray let Your Highness satisfy yourself that you have no cheats
put upon you; for once let me be vain enough to say I have not deceived
you with false colours." With this I put a handkerchief into his hand
and, taking his hand into mine, I made him wipe my face so hard that he
was unwilling to do it for fear of hurting me.

He appeared surprised more than ever, and swore, which was the first
time that I had heard him swear from my first knowing him, that he could
not have believed there was any such skin, without paint, in the world.
"Well, my lord," said I, "Your Highness shall have a further
demonstration than this--as to that which you are pleased to accept for
beauty, that it is the mere work of nature." And with that I stepped to
the door, and rang a little bell for my woman Amy and bade her bring me
a cupful of hot water, which she did. And when it was come I desired His
Highness to feel if it was warm, which he did, and I immediately washed
my face all over with it before him. This was indeed more than
satisfaction, that is to say, than believing, for it was an undeniable
demonstration, and he kissed my cheeks and breasts a thousand times with
expressions of the greatest surprise imaginable.

Nor was I a very indifferent figure as to shape. Though I had had two
children by my gentleman and five by my true husband, I say I was no
despisable shape. And my Prince (I must be allowed the vanity to call
him so) was taking his view of me as I walked from one end of the room
to the other. At last he leads me to the darkest part of the room and,
standing behind me, bade me hold up my head, when putting both his hands
round my neck, as if he was spanning my neck to see how small it was,
for it was long and small, he held my neck so long and so hard in his
hands that I complained he hurt me a little. What he did it for I knew
not, nor had I the least suspicion but that he was spanning my neck. But
when I said he hurt me, he seemed to let go, and in half a minute more
led me to a pier-glass, and behold I saw my neck clasped with a fine
necklace of diamonds whereas I felt no more what he was doing at all
than if he had really done nothing at all, nor did I suspect it in the
least. If I had an ounce of blood in me that did not fly up into my
face, neck, and breasts, it must be from some interruption in the
vessels. I was all on fire with the sight, and began to wonder what it
was that was coming to me.

However, to let him see that I was not unqualified to receive benefits,
I turned about: "My lord," says I, "Your Highness is resolved to conquer
by your bounty the very gratitude of your servants; you will leave no
room for anything but thanks, and make those thanks useless too by their
bearing no proportion to the occasion."

"I love, child," says he, "to see everything suitable: a fine gown and
petticoat, a fine laced head. A fine face and neck and no necklace would
not have made the object perfect. But why that blush, my dear?" says the
Prince. "My lord," said I, "all your gifts call for blushes, but above
all I blush to receive what I am so ill able to merit, and may become so
ill also."

Thus far I am a standing mark of the weakness of great men in their
vice, that value not squandering away immense wealth upon the most
worthless creatures; or, to sum it up in a word, they raise the value of
the object which they pretend to pitch upon by their fancy--I say, raise
the value of it at their own expense, give vast presents for a ruinous
favour which is so far from being equal to the price, that nothing will
at last prove more absurd than the cost men are at to purchase their own

I could not, in the height of all this fine doing, I say I could not be
without some just reflection, though conscience was, as I said, dumb as
to any disturbance it gave me in my wickedness. My vanity was fed up to
such a height that I had no room to give way to such reflections.

But I could not but sometimes look back with astonishment at the folly
of men of quality, who, immense in their bounty as in their wealth,
give, to a profusion and without bounds, to the most scandalous of our
sex for granting them the liberty of abusing themselves and ruining

I that knew what this carcase of mine had been but a few years before,
how overwhelmed with grief, drowned in tears, frighted with the prospect
of beggary, and surrounded with rags and fatherless children; that was
pawning and selling the rags that covered me, for a dinner, and sat on
the ground, despairing of help and expecting to be starved, till my
children were snatched from me to be kept by the parish--I that was after
this a whore for bread and, abandoning conscience and virtue, lived with
another woman's husband; I that was despised by all my relations and my
husband's too; I that was left so entirely desolate, friendless, and
helpless that I knew not how to get the least help to keep me from
starving--that I should be caressed by a prince for the honour of having
the scandalous use of my prostituted body, common before to his
inferiors, and perhaps would not have denied one of his footmen but a
little while before if I could have got my bread by it.

I say I could not but reflect upon the brutality and blindness of
mankind, that, because nature had given me a good skin and some
agreeable features, should suffer that beauty to be such a bait for
appetite as to do such sordid, unaccountable things to obtain the
possession of it.

It is for this reason that I have so largely set down the particulars of
the caresses I was treated with by the jeweller, and also by this
Prince; not to make the story an incentive to the vice, which I am now
such a sorrowful penitent for being guilty of--God forbid any should make
so vile a use of so good a design--but to draw the just picture of a man
enslaved to the rage of his vicious appetite: how he defaces the image
of God in his soul, dethrones his reason, causes conscience to abdicate
the possession, and exalts sense into the vacant throne; how he deposes
the man and exalts the brute.

Oh, could we hear now the reproaches this great man afterwards loaded
himself with when he grew weary of this admired creature and became sick
of his vice, how profitable would the report of them be to the reader of
this story. But had he himself also known the dirty history of my
actings upon the stage of life that little time I had been in the world,
how much more severe would those reproaches have been upon himself. But
I shall come to this again.

Chapter  7

I lived in this gay sort of retirement almost three years, in which time
no amour of such a kind, sure, was ever carried up so high. The Prince
knew no bounds to his munificence; he could give me nothing, either for
my wearing or using, or eating or drinking, more than he had done from
the beginning.

His presents were after that in gold, and very frequent and large--often
a hundred pistoles, never less than fifty at a time--and I must do myself
the justice that I seemed rather backward to receive than craving and
encroaching. Not that I had not an avaricious temper, nor was it that I
did not foresee that this was my harvest in which I was to gather up and
that it would not last long, but it was that really his bounty always
anticipated my expectations and even my wishes, and he gave me money so
fast that he rather poured it in upon me than left me room to ask it, so
that before I could spend fifty pistoles I had always a hundred to make
it up.

After I had been near a year and a half in his arms, as above, or
thereabouts, I proved with child. I did not take any notice of it to him
till I was satisfied that I was not deceived; when one morning early,
when we were in bed together, I said to him, "My lord, I doubt Your
Highness never gives yourself leave to think what the case should be if
I should have the honour to be with child by you." "Why, my dear," says
he, "we are able to keep it if such a thing should happen. I hope you
are not concerned about that." "No, my lord," said I, "I should think
myself very happy if I could bring Your Highness a son; I should hope to
see him a lieutenant-general of the King's armies, by the interest of
his father and by his own merit."

"Assure yourself, child," says he, "if it should be so I will not refuse
owning him for my son, though it be, as they call it, a natural son, and
shall never slight or neglect him for the sake of his mother." Then he
began to importune me to know if it was so, but I positively denied it
so long till at last I was able to give him the satisfaction of knowing
it himself, by the motion of the child within me.

He professed himself overjoyed at the discovery, but told me that now it
was absolutely necessary for me to quit the confinement which he said I
had suffered for his sake, and to take a house somewhere in the country
in order for health as well as for privacy against my lying-in. This was
quite out of my way, but the Prince, who was a man of pleasure, had, it
seems, several retreats of this kind which he made use of, I suppose,
upon like occasions. And so leaving it, as it were, to his gentleman, he
provided a very convenient house about four miles south of Paris, at the
village of ----, where I had very agreeable lodgings, good gardens, and
all things very easy to my content. But one thing did not please me at
all, viz. that an old woman was provided and put into the house, to
furnish everything necessary to my lying-in and to assist at my travail.

I did not like this old woman at all. She looked so like a spy upon me,
or (as sometimes I was frighted to imagine) like one set privately to
dispatch me out of the world as might best suit with the circumstances
of my lying-in. And when His Highness came the next time to see me,
which was not many days, I expostulated a little on the subject of the
old woman, and by the management of my tongue as well as by the strength
of reasoning I convinced him that it would not be at all convenient,
that it would be the greater risk on his side, and that first or last it
would certainly expose him and me also. I assured him that my servant,
being an Englishwoman, never knew to that hour who His Highness was,
that I always called him the Count de Clerac, and that she knew nothing
else of him, nor ever should; that if he would give me leave to choose
proper persons for my use, it should be so ordered that not one of them
should know who he was or perhaps ever see his face, and that for the
reality of the child that should be born, His Highness, who had alone
been at the first of it, should if he pleased be present in the room all
the time, so that he would need no witnesses on that account.

This discourse fully satisfied him, so that he ordered his gentleman to
dismiss the old woman the same day; and without any difficulty I sent my
maid Amy to Calais and thence to Dover, where she got an English midwife
and an English nurse to come over on purpose to attend an English lady
of quality, as they styled me, for four months certain. The midwife, Amy
had agreed to pay a hundred guineas to, and bear her charges to Paris
and back again to Dover; the poor woman that was to be my nurse had
twenty pounds, and the same terms for charges as the other.

I was very easy when Amy returned, and the more because she brought with
the midwife a good motherly sort of woman who was to be her assistant
and would be very helpful on occasion, and bespoke a man-midwife at
Paris too, if there should be any necessity for his help. Having thus
made provision for everything, the Count, for so we all called him in
public, came as often to see me as I could expect, and continued
exceeding kind, as he had always been. One day, conversing together upon
the subject of my being with child, I told him how all things were in
order, but that I had a strange apprehension that I should die with that
child. He smiled. "So all the ladies say, my dear," says he, "when they
are with child." "Well, however, my lord," said I, "it is but just that
care should be taken that what you have bestowed in your excess of
bounty upon me should not be lost." And upon this I pulled a paper out
of my bosom, folded up but not sealed, and I read it to him; wherein I
had left order that all the plate and jewels and fine furniture which
His Highness had given me should be restored to him by my woman, and the
keys be immediately delivered to his gentleman in case of disaster.

Then I recommended my woman Amy to his favour for a hundred pistoles, on
condition she gave up the keys, as above, to his gentleman, and his
gentleman's receipt for them. When he saw this, "My dear child," said
he, and took me in his arms; "what, have you been making your will and
disposing your effects? Pray whom do you make your universal heir?" "So
far as to do justice to Your Highness, in case of mortality, I have, my
lord," said I; "and who should I dispose the valuable things to which I
have had from your hand as pledges of your favour and testimonies of
your bounty, but to the giver of them? If the child should live, Your
Highness will, I don't question, act like yourself in that part, and I
shall have the utmost satisfaction that it will be well used by your

I could see he took this very well. "I have forsaken all the ladies in
Paris," says he, "for you; and I have lived every day since I knew you
to see that you know how to merit all that a man of honour can do for
you. Be easy, child, I hope you shall not die; and all you have is your
own, to do with it what you please."

I was then within about two months of my time, and that soon wore off.
When I found my time was come, it fell out very happily that he was in
the house, and I entreated he would continue a few hours in the house,
which he agreed to. They called His Highness to come into the room if he
pleased, as I had offered, and as I desired him, and I sent word I would
make as few cries as possible to prevent disturbing him. He came into
the room once and called to me to be of good courage, it would soon be
over, and then he withdrew again; and in about half an hour more Amy
carried him the news that I was delivered and had brought him a charming
boy. He gave her ten pistoles for her news, stayed till they had
adjusted things about me, and then came into the room again, cheered me
and spoke kindly to me, and looked on the child, then withdrew; and came
again the next day to visit me.

Since this, and when I have looked back upon these things with eyes
unpossessed with crime, when the wicked part has appeared in its clearer
light and I have seen it in its own natural colours; when no more
blinded with the glittering appearances which at that time deluded me,
and, as in like cases, if I may guess at others by myself, too much
possessed the mind--I say, since this I have often wondered with what
pleasure or satisfaction the Prince could look upon the poor innocent
infant, which, though his own, and that he might that way have some
attachment in his affections to it, yet must always afterwards be a
remembrancer to him of his most early crime; and, which was worse, must
bear upon itself, unmerited, an eternal mark of infamy, which should be
spoken of upon all occasions to its reproach, from the folly of its
father and wickedness of its mother.

Great men are indeed delivered from the burden of their natural
children, or bastards, as to their maintenance. This is the main
affliction in other cases, where there is not substance sufficient
without breaking into the fortunes of the family. In those cases either
a man's legitimate children suffer, which is very unnatural, or the
unfortunate mother of that illegitimate birth has a dreadful affliction
either of being turned off with her child and be left to starve, etc.,
or of seeing the poor infant packed off with a piece of money to some of
those she-butchers who take children off their hands, as 'tis
called--that is to say, starve 'em and, in a word, murder 'em.

Great men, I say, are delivered from this burden, because they are
always furnished to supply the expense of their out-of-the-way offspring
by making little assignments upon the Bank of Lyons or the Town House of
Paris, and settling those sums to be received for the maintenance of
such expense as they see cause.

Thus, in the case of this child of mine, while he and I conversed there
was no need to make any appointment, as an appanage or maintenance for
the child or its nurse, for he supplied me more than sufficiently for
all those things. But afterwards, when time and a particular
circumstance put an end to our conversing together--as such things always
meet with a period and generally break off abruptly--I say, after that I
found he appointed the children a settled allowance, by an assignment of
annual rent upon the Bank of Lyons, which was sufficient for bringing
them handsomely though privately up in the world, and that not in a
manner unworthy of their father's blood, though I came to be sunk and
forgotten in the case; nor did the children ever know anything of their
mother to this day, other than as you may have an account hereafter.

But to look back to the particular observation I was making, which I
hope may be of use to those who read my story, I say it was something
wonderful to me to see this person so exceedingly delighted at the birth
of this child, and so pleased with it; for he would sit and look at it,
and with an air of seriousness sometimes, a great while together, and
particularly, I observed, he loved to look at it when it was asleep.

It was indeed a lovely, charming child, and had a certain vivacity in
its countenance that is far from being common to all children so young;
and he would often say to me that he believed there was something
extraordinary in the child, and he did not doubt but he would come to be
a great man.

I could never hear him say so, but though secretly it pleased me, yet it
so closely touched me another way, that I could not refrain sighing, and
sometimes tears; and one time in particular it so affected me that I
could not conceal it from him. But when he saw tears run down my face
there was no concealing the occasion from him, he was too importunate to
be denied in a thing of that moment; so I frankly answered, "It sensibly
affects me, my lord," said I, "that whatever the merit of this little
creature may be, he must always have a bend on his arms; the disaster of
his birth will be always not a blot only to his honour, but a bar to his
fortunes in the world; our affection will be ever his affliction, and
his mother's crime be the son's reproach; the blot can never be wiped
out by the most glorious actions; nay, if it lives to raise a family,"
said I, "the infamy must descend even to its innocent posterity."

He took the thought and sometimes told me afterwards that it made a
deeper impression on him than he discovered to me at that time; but for
the present he put it off with telling me these things could not be
helped, that they served for a spur to the spirits of brave men,
inspired them with the principles of gallantry and prompted them to
brave actions; that though it might be true that the mention of
illegitimacy might attend the name, yet that personal virtue placed a
man of honour above the reproach of his birth; that as he had no share
in the offence, he would have no concern at the blot; when having by his
own merit placed himself out of the reach of scandal, his fame should
drown the memory of his beginning.

That as it was usual for men of quality to make such little escapes, so
the number of their natural children were so great, and they generally
took such good care of their education, that some of the greatest men in
the world had a bend in their coat of arms, and that it was of no
consequence to them, especially when their fame began to rise upon the
basis of their acquired merit. And upon this he began to reckon up to me
some of the greatest families in France, and in England also.

This carried off our discourse for a time; but I went further with him
once, removing the discourse from the part attending our children to the
reproach which those children would be apt to throw upon us their
originals; and when speaking a little too feelingly on the subject, he
began to receive the impression a little deeper than I wished he had
done. At last he told me I had almost acted the confessor to him, that I
might perhaps preach a more dangerous doctrine to him than we should
either of us like, or than I was aware of. "For, my dear," says he, "if
once we come to talk of repentance, we must talk of parting."

If tears were in my eyes before, they flowed too fast now to be
restrained, and I gave him but too much satisfaction by my looks that I
had yet no reflections upon my mind strong enough to go that length, and
that I could no more think of parting than he could.

He said a great many kind things which were great, like himself, and,
extenuating our crime, intimated to me that he could no more part with
me than I could with him. So we both, as I may say, even against our
light and against our conviction, concluded to sin on; indeed, his
affection to the child was one great tie to him, for he was extremely
fond of it.

This child lived to be a considerable man. He was first an officer of
the Garde du Corps of France, and afterwards colonel of a regiment of
dragoons in Italy, and on many extraordinary occasions showed that he
was not unworthy such a father, but many ways deserving a legitimate
birth and a better mother. Of which hereafter.

Chapter  8

I think I may say now that I lived indeed like a queen or if you will
have me confess that my condition had still the reproach of a whore, I
may say, I was sure, the queen of whores; for no woman was ever more
valued or more caressed by a person of such quality, only in the station
of a mistress. I had indeed one deficiency which women in such
circumstances seldom are chargeable with, namely, I craved nothing of
him. I never asked him for anything in my life, nor suffered myself to
be made use of, as is too much the custom of mistresses, to ask favours
for others. His bounty always prevented me in the first, and my strict
concealing myself in the last, which was no less to my convenience than

The only favour I ever asked of him was for his gentleman, whom he had
all along entrusted with the secret of our affair, and who had once so
much offended him by some omissions in his duty, that he found it very
hard to make his peace. He came and laid his case before my woman Amy
and begged her to speak to me, to intercede for him, which I did, and on
my account he was received again and pardoned; for which, the grateful
dog requited me by getting to bed to his benefactress Amy. At which I
was very angry, but Amy generously acknowledged that it was her fault as
much as his, that she loved the fellow so much that she believed if he
had not asked her, she should have asked him; I say this pacified me,
and I only obtained of her that she should not let him know that I knew

I might have interspersed this part of my story with a great many
pleasant parts and discourses which happened between my maid Amy and I,
but I omit them on account of my own story, which has been so
extraordinary. However, I must mention something as to Amy and her
gentleman. I enquired of Amy upon what terms they came to be so
intimate, but Amy seemed backward to explain herself. I did not care to
press her upon a question of that nature, knowing that she might have
answered my question with a question and have said, Why, how did I and
the Prince come to be so intimate? So I left off further enquiring into
it, till after some time she told it me all freely of her own accord;
which, to cut it short, amounted to no more than this, that like
mistress, like maid. As they had many leisure hours together below while
they waited respectively when my lord and I were together above, I say
they could hardly avoid the usual question one to another, namely, Why
might not they do the same thing below that we did above?

On that account indeed, as I said above, I could not find in my heart to
be angry with Amy. I was indeed afraid the girl would have been with
cold too, but that did not happen, and so there was no hurt done; for
Amy had been hanselled before as well as her mistress, and by the same
party too, as you have heard.

After I was up again and my child provided with a good nurse, and,
withal, winter coming on, it was proper to think of coming to Paris
again, which I did. But as I had now a coach and horses, and some
servants to attend me, by my lord's allowance, I took the liberty to
have them come to Paris sometimes, and so to take a tour into the Garden
of the Tuileries and the other pleasant places of the city. It happened
one day that my Prince (if I may call him so) had a mind to give me some
diversion and to take the air with me, but that he might do it and not
be publicly known, he comes to me in a coach of the Count de ----, a
great officer of the Court, attended by his liveries also; so that, in a
word, it was impossible to guess by the equipage who I was or whom I
belonged to. Also, that I might be the more effectually concealed, he
ordered me to be taken up at a mantua-maker's house, where he sometimes
came, whether upon other amours or not was no business of mine to
enquire. I knew nothing whither he intended to carry me, but when he was
in the coach with me, he told me he had ordered his servants to go to
Court with me, and he would show me some of the beau-monde. I told him I
cared not where I went while I had the honour to have him with me. So he
carried me to the fine palace of Meudon, where the Dauphin then was, and
where he had some particular intimacy with one of the Dauphin's
domestics, who procured a retreat for me in his lodgings while we stayed
there, which was three or four days.

While I was there the King happened to come thither from Versailles,
and, making but a short stay, visited madam the Dauphiness, who was then
living. The Prince was here incognito only because of his being with me,
and therefore when he heard that the King was in the Gardens he kept
close within the lodgings; but the gentleman in whose lodgings we were,
with his lady and several others, went out to see the King, and I had
the honour to be asked to go with them.

After we had seen the King, who did not stay long in the Gardens, we
walked up the broad terrace and, crossing the hall towards the great
staircase, I had a sight which confounded me at once, as I doubt not it
would have done to any woman in the world. The Horse Guards, or what
they call there the Gendarmes, had upon some occasion been either upon
duty or been reviewed, or something (I did not understand that part) was
the matter that occasioned their being there, I know not what; but
walking in the guard-chamber, and with his jack-boots on and the whole
habit of the troop as it is worn when our Horse Guards are upon duty, as
they call it, at St. James's Park, I say, there, to my inexpressible
confusion, I saw Mr. ----, my first husband, the brewer.

I could not be deceived. I passed so near him that I almost brushed him
with my clothes, and looked him full in the face, but having my fan
before my face so that he could not know me. However, I knew him
perfectly well, and I heard him speak, which was a second way of knowing
him. Besides being, you may be sure, astonished and surprised at such a
sight, I turned about after I had passed him some steps, and pretending
to ask the lady that was with me some questions, I stood as if I had
viewed the great hall, the outer guard-chamber, and some other things;
but I did it to take a full view of his dress, that I might further
inform myself.

While I stood thus amusing the lady that was with me with questions, he
walked, talking with another man of the same cloth, back again, just by
me; and to my particular satisfaction, or dissatisfaction, take it which
way you will, I heard him speak English, the other being, it seems, an

I then asked the lady some other questions. "Pray, madam," says I, "what
are these troopers here? Are they the King's Guards." "No," says she,
"they are the Gendarmes; a small detachment of them, I suppose, attended
the King to-day, but they are not His Majesty's ordinary guard." Another
lady that was with her said, "No, madam, it seems that is not the case,
for I heard them saying the Gendarmes were here to-day by special order,
some of them being to march towards the Rhine, and these attend for
orders, but they go back to-morrow to Orleans where they are expected."

This satisfied me in part, but I found means after this to enquire whose
particular troop it was that the gentlemen that were here belonged to,
and with that I heard they would all be at Paris the week after.

Two days after this we returned for Paris, when I took occasion to speak
to my lord that I heard the Gendarmes were to be in the city the next
week, and that I should be charmed with seeing them march if they came
in a body. He was so obliging in such things, that I need but just name
a thing of that kind and it was done; so he ordered his gentleman (I
should now call him Amy's gentleman) to get me a place in a certain
house, where I might see them march.

As he did not appear with me on this occasion, so I had the liberty of
taking my woman Amy with me, and stood where we were very well
accommodated for the observation which I was to make. I told Amy what I
had seen, and she was as forward to make the discovery as I was to have
her, and almost as much surprised at the thing itself. In a word, the
Gendarmes entered the city, as was expected, and made a most glorious
show indeed, being new clothed and armed, and being to have their
standards blessed by the Archbishop of Paris. On this occasion they
indeed looked very gay, and as they marched very leisurely I had time to
take as critical a view and make as nice a search among them as I
pleased. Here, in a particular rank eminent for one monstrous-sized man
on the right, here, I say, I saw my gentleman again, and a very handsome
jolly fellow he was as any in the troop, though not so monstrous large
as that great one I spoke of, who it seems was, however, a gentleman of
a good family in Gascony, and was called the Giant of Gascony.

It was a kind of good fortune to us, among the other circumstances of
it, that something caused the troops to halt in their march a little
before that particular rank came right against that window which I stood
in, so that then we had occasion to take our full view of him at a small
distance, and so as not to doubt of his being the same person.

Amy, who thought she might on many accounts venture with more safety to
be particular than I could, asked her gentleman how a particular man
whom she saw there among the Gendarmes might be enquired after and found
out, she having seen an Englishman riding there which was supposed to be
dead in England for several years before she came out of London, and
that his wife had married again. It was a question the gentleman did not
well understand how to answer, but another person that stood by told
her, if she would tell him the gentleman's name, he would endeavour to
find him out for her, and asked jestingly if he was her lover. Amy put
that off with a laugh but still continued her enquiry, and in such a
manner as the gentleman easily perceived she was in earnest; so he left
bantering and asked her in what part of the troop he rode. She foolishly
told him his name, which she should not have done, and pointing to the
cornet that troop carried, which was not then quite out of sight, she
let him easily know whereabouts he rode, only she could not name the
captain. However, he gave her such directions afterwards that, in short,
Amy, who was an indefatigable girl, found him out. It seems he had not
changed his name, not supposing any enquiry would be made after him
here; but I say Amy found him out and went boldly to his quarters, asked
for him, and he came out to her immediately.

I believe I was not more confounded at my first seeing him at Meudon
than he was at seeing Amy. He started, and turned pale as death; Amy
believed if he had seen her at first in any convenient place for so
villainous a purpose, he would have murdered her.

But he started, as I say above, and asked in English, with an
admiration, "What are you?" "Sir," says she, "don't you know me?" "Yes,"
says he, "I knew you when you were alive, but what you are now, whether
ghost or substance, I know not." "Be not afraid, sir, of that," says
Amy, "I am the same Amy that I was in your service, and do not speak to
you now for any hurt, but that I saw you accidentally, yesterday, ride
among the soldiers, I thought you might be glad to hear from your
friends at London." "Well, Amy," says he then, having a little recovered
himself, "how does everybody do? What, is your mistress here?" Thus they

Amy. "My mistress, sir, alas! not the mistress you meant; poor
gentlewoman, you left her in a sad condition."

Gent. "Why, that's true, Amy, but it could not be helped. I was in a sad
condition myself."

Amy. "I believe so indeed, sir, or else you had not gone away as you
did; for it was a very terrible condition you left them all in, that I
must say."

Gent. "What did they do after I was gone?"

Amy. "Do, sir! very miserably, you may be sure. How could it be

Gent. "Well, that's true indeed, but you may tell me, Amy, what became
of them, if you please; for though I went so away, it was not because I
did not love them all very well, but because I could not bear to see the
poverty that was coming upon them and which it was not in my power to
help. What could I do?"

Amy. "Nay, I believe so indeed, and I have heard my mistress say many
times she did not doubt but your affliction was as great as hers almost,
wherever you were."

Gent. "Why, did she believe I was alive, then?"

Amy. "Yes, sir, she always said she believed you were alive, because she
thought she should have heard something of you if you had been dead."

Gent. "Ay, ay, my perplexity was very great indeed, or else I had never
gone away."

Amy. "It was very cruel, though, to the poor lady, sir, my mistress. She
almost broke her heart for you at first, for fear of what might befall
you, and at last because she could not hear from you."

Gent. "Alas! Amy, what could I do? things were driven to the last
extremity before I went. I could have done nothing but help starve them
all if I had stayed, and besides, I could not bear to see it."

Amy. "You know, sir, I can say little to what passed before, but I am a
melancholy witness to the sad distresses of my poor mistress as long as
I stayed with her, and which would grieve your heart to hear them."

Here she tells my whole story to the time that the parish took off one
of my children, and which she perceived very much affected him, and he
shook his head and said some things very bitter when he heard of the
cruelty of his own relations to me.

Gent. "Well, Amy, I have heard enough so far; what did she do

Amy. "I can't give you any further account, sir; my mistress would not
let me stay with her any longer, she said she could neither pay me nor
subsist me. I told her I would serve her without any wages; but I could
not live without victuals, you know, so I was forced to leave her, poor
lady, sore against my will, and I heard afterwards that the landlord
seized her goods. So she was, I suppose, turned out of doors, for as I
went by the door about a month after I saw the house shut up, and about
a fortnight after that I found there were workmen at work fitting it up,
as I suppose, for a new tenant. But none of the neighbours could tell me
what was become of my poor mistress, only that they said she was so poor
that it was next to begging; that some of the neighbouring gentlefolks
had relieved her or that else she must have starved."

Then she went on and told him that after that they never heard any more
of (me) her mistress, but that she had been seen once or twice in the
city, very shabby and poor in clothes, and it was thought she worked
with her needle for her bread. All this the jade said with so much
cunning, and managed and humoured it so well, and wiped her eyes and
cried so artificially, that he took it all as it was intended he should,
and once or twice she saw tears in his eyes too. He told her it was a
moving, melancholy story and it had almost broken his heart at first,
but that he was driven to the last extremity and could do nothing but
stay and see them all starve, which he could not bear the thoughts of,
but should have pistoled himself if any such thing had happened while he
was there. That he left (me) his wife all the money he had in the world
but 25, which was as little as he could take with him to seek his
fortune in the world; he could not doubt but that his relations, seeing
they were all rich, would have taken the poor children off and not let
them come to the parish; and that his wife was young and handsome and,
he thought, might marry again, perhaps to her advantage, and for that
very reason he never wrote to her or let her know he was alive, that she
might in a reasonable term of years marry, and perhaps mend her
fortunes. That he resolved never to claim her, because he should rejoice
to hear that she had settled to her mind, and that he wished there had
been a law made to empower a woman to marry if her husband was not heard
of in so long time, which time he thought should not be above four
years, which was long enough to send word in to a wife or family from
any part of the world.

Amy said she could say nothing to that but this, that she was satisfied
her mistress would marry nobody unless she had certain intelligence that
he had been dead from somebody that saw him buried. "But, alas!" says
Amy, "my mistress was reduced to such dismal circumstances that nobody
would be so foolish to think of her unless it had been somebody to go
a-begging with her."

Amy then, seeing him so perfectly deluded, made a long and lamentable
outcry, how she had been deluded away to marry a poor footman. "For he
is no worse or better," says she, "though he calls himself a lord's
gentleman; and here," says Amy, "he has dragged me over into a strange
country to make a beggar of me." And then she falls a-howling again and
snivelling, which, by the way, was all hypocrisy, but acted so to the
life as perfectly deceived him, and he gave entire credit to every word
of it.

"Why, Amy," says he, "you are very well dressed, you don't look as if
you were in danger of being a beggar." "Ay, hang him," says Amy, "they
love to have fine clothes here if they have never a smock under them,
but I love to have money in cash rather than a chest full of fine
clothes; besides, sir," says she, "most of the clothes I have were given
me in the last place I had when I went away from my mistress."

Upon the whole of the discourse Amy got out of him what condition he was
in and how he lived, upon her promise to him that if ever she came to
England and should see her old mistress, she should not let her know
that he was alive. "Alas! sir," says Amy, "I may never come to see
England again as long as I live, and if I should, it would be ten
thousand to one whether I shall see my old mistress; for how should I
know which way to look for her, or what part of England she may be in?
Not I," says she, "I don't so much as know how to enquire for her; and
if I should," says Amy, "ever be so happy as to see her, I would not do
her so much mischief as to tell her where you were, sir, unless she was
in a condition to help herself and you too." This further deluded him,
and made him entirely open in his conversing with her. As to his own
circumstances, he told her she saw him in the highest preferment he had
arrived to or was ever like to arrive to, for having no friends or
acquaintances in France, and which was worse, no money, he never
expected to rise; that he could have been made a lieutenant to a troop
of light horse but the week before, by the favour of an officer in the
Gendarmes who was his friend, but that he must have found 8,000 livres
to have paid for it to the gentleman who possessed it and had leave
given him to sell. "But where could I get 8,000 livres," says he, "that
have never been master of 500 livres ready money at a time since I came
into France?"

"Oh dear! sir," says Amy, "I am very sorry to hear you say so. I fancy
if you once got up to some preferment you would think of my old mistress
again and do something for her. Poor lady," says Amy, "she wants it, to
be sure." And then she falls a-crying again, "'tis a sad thing indeed,"
says she, "that you should be so hard put to it for money when you had
got a friend to recommend you, and should lose it for want of money."
"Ay, so it was, Amy, indeed," says he; "but what can a stranger do that
has neither money nor friends?" Here Amy puts in again on my account.
"Well," says she, "my poor mistress has had the loss, though she knows
nothing of it. Oh dear! how happy it would have been, to be sure, sir,
you would have helped her all you could." "Ay," says he, "Amy, so I
would, with all my heart, and even as I am I would send her some relief
if I thought she wanted it; only that then letting her know I was alive
might do her some prejudice in case of her settling, or marrying

"Alas!" says Amy. "Marry! who will marry her in the poor condition she
is in?" And so their discourse ended for that time.

All this was mere talk on both sides, and words of course, for on
further enquiry Amy found that he had no such offer of a lieutenant's
commission or anything like it, and that he rambled in his discourse
from one thing to another. But of that in its place.

You may be sure that this discourse as Amy at first related it was
moving to the last degree upon me, and I was once going to have sent him
the 8,000 livres to purchase the commission he had spoken of; but as I
knew his character better than anybody, I was willing to search a little
further into it; and so I sent Amy to enquire of some other of the troop
to see what character he had, and whether there was anything in the
story of a lieutenant's commission or no.

But Amy soon came to a better understanding of him for she presently
learnt that he had a most scoundrelly character, that there was nothing
of weight in anything he said, but that he was, in short, a mere
sharper, one that would stick at nothing to get money, and that there
was no depending on anything he said; and that, more especially about
the lieutenant's commission, she understood that there was nothing at
all in it, but they told her how he had often made use of that sham to
borrow money, and move gentlemen to pity him and lend him money in hopes
to get him preferment; that he had reported that he had a wife and five
children in England whom he maintained out of his pay, and by these
shifts had run into debt in several places, and upon several complaints
for such things he had been threatened to be turned out of the
Gendarmes; and that, in short, he was not to be believed in anything he
said, or trusted on any account.

Upon this information Amy began to cool in her further meddling with
him, and told me it was not safe for me to attempt doing him any good,
unless I resolved to put him upon suspicions and enquiries, which might
be to my ruin in the condition I was now in.

I was soon confirmed in this part of his character, for the next time
that Amy came to talk with him he discovered himself more effectually;
for while she had put him in hopes of procuring one to advance the money
for the lieutenant's commission for him upon easy conditions, he by
degrees dropped the discourse, then pretended it was too late and that
he could not get it, and then descended to ask poor Amy to lend him 500

Amy pretended poverty, that her circumstances were but mean, and that
she could not raise such a sum; and this she did to try him to the
utmost. He descended to 300, then to 100, then to 50, and then to a
pistole, which she lent him; and he, never intending to pay it, played
out of her sight as much as he could. And thus being satisfied that he
was the same worthless thing he had ever been, I threw off all thoughts
of him; whereas had he been a man of any sense and of any principle of
honour, I had it in my thoughts to retire to England again, send over
for him, and have lived honestly with him. But as a fool is the worst of
husbands to do a woman good, so a fool is the worst husband a woman can
do good to. I would willingly have done him good, but he was not
qualified to receive it or make the best use of it. Had I sent him
10,000 crowns instead of 8,000 livres, and sent it with the express
condition that he should immediately have bought himself the commission
he talked of with part of the money, and have sent some of it to relieve
the necessities of his poor miserable wife at London and to prevent his
children to be kept by the parish, it was evident he would have been
still but a private trooper, and his wife and children should still have
starved at London or been kept of mere charity, as, for aught he knew,
they then were.

Seeing therefore no remedy, I was obliged to withdraw my hand from him
that had been my first destroyer, and reserve the assistance that I
intended to have given him for another more desirable opportunity. All
that I had now to do was to keep myself out of his sight, which was not
very difficult for me to do considering in what station he lived.

Amy and I had several consultations then upon the main question, namely,
how to be sure never to chop upon him again by chance and so be
surprised into a discovery, which would have been a fatal discovery
indeed. Amy proposed that we should take care always to know where the
Gendarmes were quartered, and thereby effectually avoid them; and this
was one way.

But this was not so as to be fully to my satisfaction. No ordinary ways
of enquiring where the Gendarmes were quartered were sufficient to me,
but I found out a fellow who was completely qualified for the work of a
spy (for France has plenty of such people). This man I employed to be a
constant and particular attendant upon his person and motions, and he
was especially employed and ordered to haunt him as a ghost, that he
should scarce let him be ever out of his sight. He performed this to a
nicety, and failed not to give me a perfect journal of all his motions
from day to day; and, whether for his pleasures or his business, was
always at his heels.

This was somewhat expensive, and such a fellow merited to be well paid;
but he did his business so exquisitely punctual, that this poor man
scarce went out of the house without my knowing the way he went, the
company he kept, when he went abroad, and when he stayed at home.

By this extraordinary conduct I made myself safe, and so went out in
public or stayed at home, as I found he was or was not in a possibility
of being at Paris, at Versailles, or any place I had occasion to be at.
This, though it was very chargeable, yet as I found it absolutely
necessary, so I took no thought about the expense of it, for I knew I
could not purchase my safety too dear.

By this management I found an opportunity to see what a most
insignificant, unthinking life the poor indolent wretch, who by his
unactive temper had at first been my ruin, now lived; how he only rose
in the morning to go to bed at night; that saving the necessary motion
of the troops, which he was obliged to attend, he was a mere motionless
animal, of no consequence in the world; that he seemed to be one who,
though he was indeed alive, had no manner of business in life but to
stay to be called out of it. He neither kept any company, minded any
sport, played at any game, nor indeed did anything of moment, but, in
short, sauntered about like one that it was not two livres' value
whether he was dead or alive; that when he was gone would leave no
remembrance behind him that ever he was here; that if he ever did
anything in the world to be talked of, it was only to get five beggars
and starve his wife. The journal of his life, which I had constantly
sent me every week, was the least significant of anything of its kind
that was ever seen. As it had really nothing of earnest in it, so it
would make no jest to relate it; it was not important enough so much as
to make the reader merry withal, and for that reason I omit it.

Yet this nothing-doing wretch I was obliged to watch and guard against,
as against the only thing that was capable of doing me hurt in the
world. I was to shun him as we would shun a spectre, or even the devil
if he was actually in our way, and it cost me after the rate of 150
livres a month, and very cheap too, to have this creature constantly
kept in view. That is to say, my spy undertook never to let him be out
of his sight an hour but so as that he could give an account of him;
which was much the easier to be done, considering his way of living, for
he was sure that for whole weeks together he would be ten hours of the
day half asleep on a bench at the tavern door where he quartered, or
drunk within the house.

Though this wicked life he led sometimes moved me to pity him and to
wonder how so ill-bred, gentlemanly a man as he once was could
degenerate into such a useless thing as he now appeared, yet at the same
time it gave me most contemptible thoughts of him, and made me often say
I was a warning for all the ladies of Europe against marrying of fools.
A man of sense falls in the world and gets up again, and a woman has
some chance for herself; but with a fool, once fall and ever undone,
once in the ditch and die in the ditch, once poor and sure to starve.

But 'tis time to have done with him. Once I had nothing to hope for but
to see him again, now my only felicity was if possible never to see him,
and above all to keep him from seeing me; which, as above, I took
effectual care of.

Chapter  9

I was now returned to Paris. My little son of honour, as I called him,
was left at ----, where my last country seat then was, and I came to
Paris at the Prince's request. Thither he came to me as soon as I
arrived, and told me he came to give me joy of my return and to make his
acknowledgments for that I had given him a son. I thought indeed he had
been going to give me a present, and so he did the next day, but in what
he said then he only jested with me. He gave me his company all the
evening, supped with me about midnight, and did me the honour, as I then
called it, to lodge me in his arms all the night, telling me in jest
that the best thanks for a son born was giving the pledge for another.

But as I hinted, so it was. The next morning he laid me down on my
toilet a purse with 300 pistoles. I saw him lay it down and understood
what he meant, but I took no notice of it till I came to it (as it were)
casually, then I gave a great cry out and fell a-scolding in my way, for
he gave me all possible freedom of speech on such occasions. I told him
he was unkind, that he would never give me an opportunity to ask him for
anything, and that he forced me to blush by being too much obliged, and
the like; all which I knew was very agreeable to him, for as he was
bountiful beyond measure, so he was infinitely obliged by my being so
backward to ask any favours; and I was even with him, for I never asked
him for a farthing in my life.

Upon this rallying him he told me I had either perfectly studied the art
of humour, or else what was the greatest difficulty to others was
natural to me, adding that nothing could be more obliging to a man of
honour than not to be soliciting and craving.

I told him nothing could be craving upon him, that he left no room for
it, that I hoped he did not give merely to avoid the trouble of being
importuned; I told him he might depend upon it that I should be reduced
very low indeed before I offered to disturb him that way.

He said a man of honour ought always to know what he ought to do, and as
he did nothing but what he knew was reasonable, he gave me leave to be
free with him if I wanted anything; that he had too much value for me to
deny me anything if I asked, but that it was infinitely agreeable to him
to hear me say that what he did was to my satisfaction.

We strained compliments thus a great while, and as he had me in his arms
most part of the time, so upon all my expressions of his bounty to me he
put a stop to me with his kisses, and would admit me to go on no

I should in this place mention that this Prince was not a subject of
France, though at that time he resided at Paris and was much at Court,
where I suppose he had or expected some considerable employment. But I
mention it on this account, that a few days after this he came to me and
told me he was come to bring me not the most welcome news that ever I
heard from him in his life. I looked at him a little surprised, but he
returned, "Do not be uneasy; it is as unpleasant to me as to you, but I
came to consult with you about it and see if it cannot be made a little
easy to us both."

I seemed still more concerned and surprised. At last he said it was that
he believed he should be obliged to go into Italy, which though
otherwise it was very agreeable to him, yet his parting with me made it
a very dull thing but to think of.

I sat mute as one thunderstruck for a good while, and it presently
occurred to me that I was going to lose him, which indeed I could but
ill bear the thoughts of, and as he told me I turned pale. "What's the
matter?" said he hastily; "I have surprised you indeed "; and stepping
to the sideboard fills a dram of cordial water (which was of his own
bringing) and comes to me. "Be not surprised," said he, "I'll go nowhere
without you," adding several other things so kind as nothing could
exceed it.

I might indeed turn pale, for I was very much surprised at first,
believing that this was, as it often happens in such cases, only a
project to drop me and break off an amour which he had now carried on so
long; and a thousand thoughts whirled about my head in the few moments
while I was kept in suspense (for they were but a few)--I say I was
indeed surprised, and might perhaps look pale, but I was not in any
danger of fainting that I knew of.

However, it not a little pleased me to see him so concerned and anxious
about me; but I stopped a little when he put the cordial to my mouth,
and taking the glass in my hand, I said, "My lord, your words are
infinitely more of a cordial to me than this citron, for as nothing can
be a greater affliction than to lose you, so nothing can be a greater
satisfaction than the assurance that I shall not have that misfortune."

He made me sit down and sat down by me, and after saying a thousand kind
things to me he turns upon me with a smile. "Why, will you venture
yourself to Italy with me?" says he. I stopped a while and then answered
that I wondered he would ask me that question, for I would go anywhere
in the world, or all over the world, wherever he should desire me and
give me the felicity of his company.

Then he entered into a long account of the occasion of his journey and
how the King had engaged him to go, and some other circumstances which
are not proper to enter into here, it being by no means proper to say
anything that might lead the reader into the least guess at the person.

But to cut short this part of the story and the history of our journey
and stay abroad, which would almost fill up a volume of itself, I say we
spent all that evening in cheerful consultations about the manner of our
travelling, the equipage and figure he should go in, and in what manner
I should go. Several ways were proposed but none seemed feasible, till
at last I told him I thought it would be so troublesome, so expensive,
and so public that it would be many ways inconvenient to him; and though
it was a kind of death to me to lose him, yet that rather than so very
much perplex his affairs I would submit to anything.

At the next visit I filled his head with the same difficulties, and then
at last came over him with a proposal that I would stay in Paris or
where else he should direct, and when I heard of his safe arrival would
come away by myself and place myself as near him as I could.

This gave him no satisfaction at all, nor would he hear any more of it,
but if I durst venture myself, as he called it, such a journey, he would
not lose the satisfaction of my company; and as for the expense, that
was not to be named, neither indeed was there room to name it, for I
found that he travelled at the King's expense, as well for himself as
for all his equipage, being upon a piece of secret service of the last

But after several debates between ourselves he came to this resolution,
viz. that he would travel incognito, and so he should avoid all public
notice either of himself or of who went with him, and that then he
should not only carry me with him, but have a perfect leisure of
enjoying my agreeable company (as he was pleased to call it) all the

This was so obliging that nothing could be more, so upon this foot he
immediately set to work to prepare things for his journey, and by his
directions so did I too. But now I had a terrible difficulty upon me,
and which way to get over it I knew not; and that was, in what manner to
take care of what I had to leave behind me. I was rich, as I have said,
very rich, and what to do with it I knew not, nor whom to leave in trust
I knew not. I had nobody but Amy in the world, and to travel without Amy
was very uncomfortable; or to leave all I had in the world with her, and
if she miscarried, be ruined at once, was still a frightful thought, for
Amy might die, and whose hands things might fall into I knew not. This
gave me great uneasiness and I knew not what to do, for I could not
mention it to the Prince lest he should see that I was richer than he
thought I was.

But the Prince made all this easy for me, for in concerting measures for
our journey he started the thing himself, and asked me merrily one
evening whom I would trust with all my wealth in my absence.

"My wealth, my lord," said I, "except what I owe to your goodness, is
but small; but yet that little I have, I confess, causes some
thoughtfulness, because I have no acquaintance in Paris that I dare
trust with it, nor anybody but my woman to leave in the house, and how
to do without her upon the road I do not well know."

"As to the road, be not concerned," says the Prince, "I'll provide you
servants to your mind; and as for your woman, if you can trust her,
leave her here, and I'll put you in a way how to secure things as well
as if you were at home." I bowed and told him I could not be put into
better hands than his own, and that therefore I would govern all my
measures by his directions; so we talked no more of it that night.

The next day he sent me in a great iron chest, so large that it was as
much as six lusty fellows could get up the steps into the house, and in
this I put indeed all my wealth. And for Amy's safety he ordered a good,
honest ancient man and his wife to be in the house with her to keep her
company, and a maidservant and a boy, so that there was a good family,
and Amy was madam the mistress of the house.

Things being thus secured, we set out incog. as he called it, but we had
two coaches and six horses, two chaises, and about eight menservants on
horseback all very well armed.

Never was woman better used in this world that went upon no other
account than I did. I had three women servants to wait on me, one
whereof was an old Madam ----, who thoroughly understood her business
and managed everything as if she had been major-domo, so I had no
trouble. They had one coach to themselves and the Prince and I in the
other, only that sometimes, where he knew it necessary, I went into
their coach, and one particular gentleman of the retinue rode with him.

I shall say no more of the journey than that when we came to those
frightful mountains the Alps, there was no travelling in our coaches, so
he ordered a horse litter, but carried by mules, to be provided for me,
and himself went on horseback. The coaches went some other way back to
Lyons; then we had coaches hired at Turin which met us at Susa, so that
we were accommodated again, and went by easy journeys afterwards to
Rome, where his business whatever it was called him to stay some time,
and from thence to Venice.

He was as good as his word, indeed, for I had the pleasure of his
company and, in a word, engrossed his conversation almost all the way.
He took delight in showing me everything that was to be seen, and
particularly in telling me something of the history of everything he
showed me.

What valuable pains were here thrown away upon one whom he was sure at
last to abandon with regret! How below himself did a man of quality and
of a thousand accomplishments behave in all this! 'Tis one of my reasons
for entering into this part, which otherwise would not be worth
relating. Had I been a daughter or a wife of whom it might be said that
he had a just concern in their instruction or improvement, it had been
an admirable step, but all this to a whore!--to one whom he carried with
him upon no account that could be rationally agreeable, and none but to
gratify the meanest of human frailties. This was the wonder of it.

But such is the power of a vicious inclination. Whoring was, in a word,
his darling crime, the worst excursion he made, for he was otherwise one
of the most excellent persons in the world. No passions, no furious
excursions, no ostentatious pride, the most humble, courteous, affable
person in the world, not an oath, not an indecent word or the least
blemish in behaviour was to be seen in all his conversation except as
before excepted. And it has given me occasion for many dark reflections
since, to look back and think that I should be the snare of such a
person's life, that I should influence him to so much wickedness, and
that I should be the instrument in the hand of the devil to do him so
much prejudice.

We were near two years upon this Grand Tour, as it may be called, during
most of which I resided at Rome or at Venice, having only been twice at
Florence and once at Naples. I made some very diverting and useful
observations in all these places, and particularly of the conduct of the
ladies, for I had opportunity to converse very much among them by the
help of the old witch that travelled with us. She had been at Naples and
at Venice, and had lived in the former several years, where, as I found,
she had lived but a loose life, as indeed the women of Naples generally
do; and, in short, I found she was fully acquainted with all the
intriguing arts of that part of the world.

Here my lord bought me a little female Turkish slave, who, being taken
at sea by a Maltese man-of-war, was brought in there, and of her I
learnt the Turkish language, their way of dressing and dancing, and some
Turkish, or rather Moorish, songs, of which I made use to my advantage
on an extraordinary occasion some years after, as you shall hear in its
place. I need not say I learnt Italian too, for I got pretty well
mistress of that before I had been there a year, and as I had leisure
enough and loved the language, I read all the Italian books I could come

I began to be so in love with Italy, especially with Naples and Venice,
that I could have been very well satisfied to have sent for Amy and have
taken up my residence there for life.

As to Rome, I did not like it at all. The swarms of ecclesiastics of all
kinds on one side, and the scoundrelly rabbles of the common people on
the other, make Rome the unpleasantest place in the world to live in.
The innumerable number of valets, lackeys, and other servants is such
that they used to say that there are very few of the common people in
Rome but what have been footmen or porters or grooms to cardinals or
foreign ambassadors. In a word, they have an air of sharping and
cozening, quarrelling and scolding, upon their general behaviour, and
when I was there the footmen made such a broil between two great
families in Rome, about which of their coaches (the ladies being in the
coaches on either side) should give way to the other, that there was
above thirty people wounded on both sides, five or six killed outright,
and both the ladies frighted almost to death.

But I have no mind to write the history of my travels on this side of
the world, at least not now; it would be too full of variety.

I must not, however, omit that the Prince continued in all this journey
the most kind, obliging person to me in the world, and so constant, that
though we were in a country where 'tis well known all manner of
liberties are taken, I am yet well assured he neither took the liberty
he knew he might have, nor so much as desired it.

I have often thought of this noble person on that account. Had he been
but half so true, so faithful and constant to the best lady in the
world, I mean his Princess, how glorious a virtue had it been in him,
and how free had he been from those just reflections which touched him
in her behalf when it was too late.

We had some very agreeable conversations upon this subject, and once he
told me, with a kind of more than ordinary concern upon his thoughts,
that he was greatly beholden to me for taking this hazardous and
difficult journey, for that I had kept him honest. I looked up in his
face, and coloured as red as fire. "Well, well," says he, "do not let
that surprise you; I do say you have kept me honest." "My lord," said I,
"'tis not for me to explain your words, but I wish I could turn 'em my
own way. I hope," says I, "and believe we are both as honest as we can
be in our circumstances." "Ay, ay," says he, "and honester than I doubt
I should have been if you had not been with me. I cannot say but if you
had not been here I should have wandered among the gay world here in
Naples, and in Venice too, for 'tis not such a crime here as 'tis in
other places; but I protest," says he, "I have not touched a woman in
Italy but yourself, and more than that, I have not so much as had any
desire to it, so that, I say, you have kept me honest."

I was silent, and was glad that he interrupted me, or kept me from
speaking, with kissing me, for really I knew not what to say. I was once
going to say that if his lady the Princess had been with him she would
doubtless have had the same influence upon his virtue, with infinitely
more advantage to him, but I considered this might give him offence;
and, besides, such things might have been dangerous to the circumstances
I stood in, so it passed off. But I must confess I saw that he was quite
another man as to women than I understood he had always been before, and
it was a particular satisfaction to me that I was thereby convinced that
what he said was true, and that he was, as I may say, all my own.

I was with child again in this journey and lay in at Venice, but was not
so happy as before. I brought him another son, and a very fine boy it
was, but it lived not above two months; nor, after the first touches of
affection (which are usual, I believe, to all mothers) were over, was I
sorry the child did not live, the necessary difficulties attending it in
our travelling being considered.

After these several perambulations my lord told me his business began to
close and we would think of returning to France, which I was very glad
of, but principally on account of my treasure I had there, which, as you
have heard, was very considerable. It is true I had letters very
frequently from my maid Amy, with accounts that everything was very
safe, and that was very much to my satisfaction. However, as the
Prince's negotiations were at an end and he was obliged to return, I was
very glad to go; so we returned from Venice to Turin, and on the way I
saw the famous city of Milan. From Turin we went over the mountains
again, as before, and our coaches met us at Pont--Voisin, between
Chambry and Lyons; and so by easy journeys we arrived safely at Paris,
having been absent about two years, wanting about eleven days, as above.

I found the little family we left just as we left them and Amy cried
for joy when she saw me, and I almost did the same.

The Prince took his leave of me the night before, for as he told me, he
knew he should be met upon the road by several persons of quality, and
perhaps by the Princess herself. So we lay at two different inns that
night lest some should come quite to the place, as indeed it happened.

After this I saw him not for above twenty days, being taken up in his
family and also with business, but he sent me his gentleman to tell me
the reason of it, and bid me not be uneasy, and that satisfied me

Chapter  10

In all this affluence of my good fortune I did not forget that I had
been rich and poor once already, alternately, and that I ought to know
that the circumstances I was now in were not to be expected to last
always; that I had one child and expected another, and if I bred often
it would something impair me in the great article that supported my
interest, I mean what he called beauty; that as that declined I might
expect the fire would abate, and the warmth with which I was now so
caressed would cool, and in time, like the other mistresses of great
men, I might be dropped again; and that, therefore, it was my business
to take care that I should fall as softly as I could.

I say I did not forget, therefore, to make as good provision for myself
as if I had had nothing to have subsisted on but what I now gained,
whereas I had not less than ten thousand pounds, as I said above, which
I had amassed, or secured rather, out of the ruins of my faithful friend
the jeweller; and which, he little thinking of what was so near him when
he went out, told me, though in a kind of a jest, was all my own if he
was knocked on the head, and which, upon that title, I took care to

My greatest difficulty now was how to secure my wealth and to keep what
I had got, for I had greatly added to this wealth by the generous bounty
of the Prince ----, and the more by the private retired manner of
living, which he rather desired for privacy than parsimony, for he
supplied me for a more magnificent way of life than I desired if it had
been proper.

I shall cut short the history of this prosperous wickedness with telling
you I brought him a third son within little more than eleven months
after our return from Italy, that now I lived a little more openly, and
went by a particular name which he gave me abroad, but which I must
omit, viz. the Countess de ----, and had coaches and servants suitable
to the quality he had given me the appearance of. And which is more than
usually happens in such cases, this held eight years from the beginning,
during which time, as I had been very faithful to him, so I must say, as
above, that I believe he was so separated to me, that whereas he usually
had two or three women which he kept privately, he had not in all that
time meddled with any of them, but that I had so perfectly engrossed him
that he dropped them all. Not perhaps that he saved much by it, for I
was a very chargeable mistress to him, that I must acknowledge, but it
was all owing to his particular affection to me, not to my extravagance;
for, as I said, he never gave me leave to ask him for anything, but
poured in his favours and presents faster than I expected, and so fast
as I could not have the assurance to make the least mention of desiring

Nor do I speak this of my own guess--I mean about his constancy to me and
his quitting all other women--but the old harridan, as I may call her,
whom he made the guide of our travelling, and who was a strange old
creature, told me a thousand stories of his gallantry, as she called it,
and how, as he had no less than three mistresses at one time and, as I
found, all, of her procuring, he had of a sudden dropped them all, and
that he was entirely lost to both her and them, that they did believe he
had fallen into some new hands, but she could never hear whom or where
till he sent for her to go this journey. And then the old hag
complimented me upon his choice: that she did not wonder I had so
engrossed him--so much beauty, etc.--and there she stopped.

Upon the whole I found by her what was, you may be sure, to my
particular satisfaction, viz. that, as above, I had him all my own.

But the highest tide has its ebb, and in all things of this kind there
is a reflux which sometimes also is more impetuously violent than the
first aggression. My Prince was a man of a vast fortune, though no
sovereign, and therefore there was no probability that the expense of
keeping a mistress could be injurious to him as to his estate. He had
also several employments, both out of France as well as in it, for, as
above, I say he was not a subject of France, though he lived in that
Court. He had a Princess, a wife with whom he had lived several years,
and a woman (so the voice of fame reported) the most valuable of her
sex, of birth equal to him if not superior, and of fortune
proportionable, but in beauty, wit, and a thousand good qualities
superior not to most women but even to all her sex; and as to her
virtue, the character, which was most justly her due, was that of not
only the best of princesses but even the best of women.

They lived in the utmost harmony, as with such a Princess it was
impossible to be otherwise. But yet the Princess was not insensible that
her lord had his foibles, that he did make some excursions, and
particularly that he had one favourite mistress which sometimes
engrossed him more than she (the Princess) could wish or be easily
satisfied with. However, she was so good, so generous, so truly kind a
wife, that she never gave him any uneasiness on this account, except so
much as must arise from his sense of her bearing the affront of it with
such patience and such a profound respect for him as was in itself
enough to have reformed him, and did sometimes shock his generous mind
so as to keep him at home, as I may call it, a great while together; and
it was not long before I not only perceived it by his absence, but
really got a knowledge of the reason of it, and once or twice he even
acknowledged it to me.

It was a point that lay not in me to manage. I made a kind of motion
once or twice to him to leave me and keep himself to her, as he ought by
the laws and rites of matrimony to do, and argued the generosity of the
Princess to him to persuade him; but I was a hypocrite, for had I
prevailed with him really to be honest, I had lost him, which I could
not bear the thoughts of; and he might easily see I was not in earnest.
One time in particular, when I took upon me to talk at this rate, I
found when I argued so much for the virtue and honour, the birth, and
above all the generous usage he found in the person of the Princess with
respect to his private amours, and how it should prevail upon him,
etc.--I found it began to affect him, and he returned, "And do you
indeed," says he, "persuade me to leave you? Would you have me think you
sincere?" I looked up in his face, smiling, "Not for any other
favourite, my lord," said I, "that would break my heart, but for madam
the Princess!" said I; and then I could say no more. Tears followed, and
I sat silent awhile. "Well," said he, "if ever I do leave you it shall
be on the virtuous account; it shall be for the Princess, I assure you
it shall be for no other woman." "That's enough, my lord," said I,
"there I ought to submit; and while I am assured it shall be for no
other mistress, I promise Your Highness I will not repine, or that, if I
do, it shall be a silent grief, it shall not interrupt your felicity."

All this while I said I knew not what, and said what I was no more able
to do than he was able to leave me, which, at that time, he owned he
could not do, no, not for the Princess herself.

But another turn of affairs determined this matter, for the Princess was
taken very ill, and in the opinion of all her physicians, very
dangerously so. In her sickness she desired to speak with her lord and
to take her leave of him. At this grievous parting she said so many
passionate kind things to him, lamented that she had left him no
children (she had had three but they were dead), hinted to him that it
was one of the chief things which gave her satisfaction in death, as to
this world, that she should leave him room to have heirs to his family
by some princess that should supply her place; with all humility, but
with a Christian earnestness, recommended to him to do justice to such
princess, whoever it should be, from whom, to be sure, he would expect
justice; that is to say, to keep to her singly according to the
solemnest part of the marriage covenant; humbly asked His Highness's
pardon if she had any way offended him, and appealing to Heaven, before
whose tribunal she was to appear, that she had never violated her honour
or her duty to him, and praying to Jesus and the Blessed Virgin for His
Highness;--and thus, with the most moving and most passionate expressions
of her affection to him, took her last leave of him and died the next

This discourse from a Princess so valuable in herself and so dear to
him, and the loss of her following so immediately after, made such deep
impressions on him that he looked back with detestation upon the former
part of his life, grew melancholy and reserved, changed his society and
much of the general conduct of his life, resolved on a life regulated
most strictly by the rules of virtue and piety, and, in a word, was
quite another man.

The first part of his reformation was a storm upon me, for about ten
days after the Princess's funeral he sent a message to me by his
gentleman, intimating, though in very civil terms and with a short
preamble or introduction, that he desired I would not take it ill that
he was obliged to let me know that he could see me no more. His
gentleman told me a long story of the new regulation of life his lord
had taken up, and that he had been so afflicted for the loss of his
Princess, that he thought it would either shorten his life or he would
retire into some religious house to end his days in solitude.

I need not direct anybody to suppose how I received the news. I was
indeed exceedingly surprised at it, and had much to do to support myself
when the first part of it was delivered, though the gentleman delivered
his errand with great respect, and with all the regard to me that he was
able and with a great deal of ceremony, also telling me how much he was
concerned to bring me such a message.

But when I heard the particulars of the story at large, and especially
that of the lady's discourse to the Prince a little before her death, I
was fully satisfied. I knew very well he had done nothing but what any
man must do that had a true sense upon him of the justice of the
Princess's discourse to him, and of the necessity there was of his
altering his course of life if he intended to be either a Christian or
an honest man. I say, when I heard this, I was perfectly easy. I confess
it was a circumstance that it might be reasonably expected should have
wrought something also upon me. I that had so much to reflect upon more
than the Prince, that had now no more temptation of poverty or of the
powerful motive which Amy used with me--namely, comply and live, deny and
starve--I say, that I that had no poverty to introduce vice, but was
grown not only well supplied but rich, and not only rich but was very
rich; in a word, richer than I knew how to think of: for the truth of it
was that thinking of it some times almost distracted me for want of
knowing how to dispose of it and for fear of losing it all again by some
cheat or trick, not knowing anybody that I could commit the trust of it

Besides, I should add at the close of this affair that the Prince did
not, as I may say, turn me off rudely and with disgust, but with all the
decency and goodness peculiar to himself and that could consist with a
man reformed and struck with the sense of his having abused so good a
lady as his late Princess had been. Nor did he send me away empty, but
did everything like himself, and in particular ordered his gentleman to
pay the rent of the house and all the expense of his two sons, and to
tell me how they were taken care of and where; and also that I might at
all times inspect the usage they had, and if I disliked anything it
should be rectified. And having thus finished everything, he retired
into Lorraine or somewhere that way, where he had an estate, and I never
heard of him more, I mean not as a mistress.

Chapter  11

Now I was at liberty to go to any part of the world and take care of my
money myself. The first thing that I resolved to do was to go directly
to England, for there I thought, being among my countryfolks (for I
esteemed myself an Englishwoman though I was born in France); but there,
I say, I thought I could better manage things than in France, at least
that I would be in less danger of being circumvented and deceived. But
how to get away with such a treasure as I had with me was a difficult
point, and what I was greatly at a loss about.

There was a Dutch merchant in Paris that was a person of great
reputation for a man of substance and of honesty, but I had no manner of
acquaintance with him, nor did I know how to get acquainted with him so
as to discover my circumstances to him; but at last I employed my maid
Amy (such I must be allowed to call her, notwithstanding what has been
said of her, because she was in the place of a maidservant)--I say I
employed my maid Amy to go to him, and she got a recommendation to him
from somebody else, I knew not who, so that she got access to him well

But now was my case as bad as before; for when I came to him what could
I do? I had money and jewels to a vast value, and I might leave all
those with him. That I might indeed do, and so I might with several
other merchants in Paris, who would give me bills for it payable at
London, but then I ran a hazard of my money, and I had nobody at London
to send the bills to and so to stay till I had an account that they were
accepted; for I had not one friend in London that I could have recourse
to, so that indeed I knew not what to do.

In this case I had no remedy but that I must trust somebody, so I sent
Amy to this Dutch merchant, as I said above. He was a little surprised
when Amy came to him and talked to him of remitting a sum of about
12,000 pistoles to England, and began to think she came to put some
cheat upon him; but when he found that Amy was but a servant, and that I
came to him myself, the case was altered presently.

When I came to him myself I presently saw such a plainness in his
dealing and such honesty in his countenance, that I made no scruple to
tell him my whole story, viz. that I was a widow, that I had some jewels
to dispose of, and also some money which I had a mind to send to England
and to follow there myself, but being but a woman, and having no
correspondence in London or anywhere else, I knew not what to do or how
to secure my effects.

He dealt very candidly with me, but advised me, when he knew my case so
particularly, to take bills upon Amsterdam and to go that way to
England; for that I might lodge my treasure in the bank there in the
most secure manner in the world, and that there he could recommend me to
a man who perfectly understood jewels and would deal faithfully with me
in the disposing them.

I thanked him; but scrupled very much the travelling so far in a strange
country, and especially with such a treasure about me, that whether
known or concealed, I did not know how to venture with it. Then he told
me he would try to dispose of them there, that is, at Paris, and convert
them into money, and so get me bills for the whole; and in a few days he
brought a Jew to me who pretended to buy the jewels.

As soon as the Jew saw the jewels, I saw my folly, and it was ten
thousand to one but I had been ruined and perhaps put to death in as
cruel a manner as possible; and I was put in such a fright by it that I
was once upon the point of flying for my life, and leaving the jewels
and money too in the hands of the Dutchman without any bills or anything
else. The case was thus:

As soon as the Jew saw the jewels he falls a-jabbering in Dutch or
Portuguese to the merchant, and I could presently perceive that they
were in some great surprise, both of them. The Jew held up his hands,
looked at me with some horror, then talked Dutch again, and put himself
into a thousand shapes, twisting his body and wringing up his face this
way and that way in his discourse, stamping with his feet and throwing
abroad his hands, as if he was not in a rage only but in a mere fury;
then he would turn and give a look at me like the devil; I thought I
never saw anything so frightful in my life.

At length I put in a word. "Sir," says I to the Dutch merchant, "what is
all this discourse to my business? What is this gentleman in all these
passions about? I wish, if he is to treat with me, he would speak, that
I may understand him; or if you have business of your own between you
that is to be done first, let me withdraw and I'll come again when you
are at leisure."

"No, no, madam," says the Dutchman very kindly, "you must not go, all
our discourse is about you and your jewels, and you shall hear it
presently; it concerns you very much, I assure you." "Concerns me," says
I, "what can it concern me so much as to put this gentleman into such
agonies? And what makes him give me such devil's looks as he does? Why,
he looks as if he would devour me."

The Jew understood me presently, continuing in a kind of rage and
speaking in French, "Yes, madam, it does concern you much, very much,
very much," repeating the words, shaking his head, and then turning to
the Dutchman, "Sir," says he, "pray tell her what is the case." "No,"
says the merchant, "not yet, let us talk a little further of it by
ourselves." Upon which they withdrew into another room, where still they
talked very high, but in a language I did not understand. I began to be
a little surprised at what the Jew had said, you may be sure, and eager
to know what he meant, and was very impatient till the Dutch merchant
came back, and that so impatient that I called one of his servants to
let him know I desired to speak with him. When he came in I asked his
pardon for being so impatient, but told him I could not be easy till he
had told me what the meaning of all this was. "Why, madam," says the
Dutch merchant, "in short, the meaning is what I am surprised at too.
This man is a Jew and understands jewels perfectly well, and that was
the reason I sent for him, to dispose of them to him for you; but as
soon as he saw them he knew the jewels very distinctly, and flying out
in a passion, as you see he did, told me in short that they were the
very parcel of jewels which the English jeweller had about him, who was
robbed going to Versailles (about eight years ago), to show them to the
Prince de ----, and that it was for these very jewels that the poor
gentleman was murdered. And he is in all this agony to make me ask you
how you came by them, and he says you ought to be charged with the
robbery and murder, and put to the question to discover who were the
persons that did it, that they might be brought to justice." While he
said this the Jew came impudently back into the room without calling,
which a little surprised me again.

The Dutch merchant spoke pretty good English, and he knew that the Jew
did not understand English at all, so he told me the latter part, when
the Jew came into the room, in English; at which I smiled, which put the
Jew into his mad fit again, and shaking his head, and making his devil's
faces again, he seemed to threaten me for laughing, saying in French
this was an affair I should have little reason to laugh at, and the
like. At this I laughed again and flouted him, letting him see that I
scorned him, and turning to the Dutch merchant, "Sir," says I, "that
those jewels were belonging to Mr. ---- the English jeweller," naming
his name readily, "in that," says I, "this person is right, but that I
should be questioned how I came to have them is a token of his
ignorance, which, however, he might have managed with a little more good
manners till I had told him who I am. And both he and you too will be
more easy in that part when I should tell you that I am the unhappy
widow of that Mr. ---- who was so barbarously murdered going to
Versailles, and that he was not robbed of those jewels but of others,
Mr. ---- having left those behind him with me lest he should be robbed.
Had I, sir, come otherwise by them, I should not have been weak enough
to have exposed them to sale here, where the thing was done, but have
carried them further off."

This was an agreeable surprise to the Dutch merchant, who, being an
honest man himself, believed everything I said; which indeed, being all
really and literally true except the deficiency of my marriage, I spoke
with such an unconcerned easiness, that it might plainly be seen that I
had no guilt upon me as the Jew suggested.

The Jew was confounded when he heard that I was the jeweller's wife; but
as I had raised his passion with saying he looked at me with a devil's
face, he studied mischief in his heart, and answered that should not
serve my turn; so called the Dutchman out again, when he told him that
he resolved to prosecute this matter further.

There was one kind chance in this affair which indeed was my
deliverance, and that was that the fool could not restrain his passion
but must let it fly to the Dutch merchant, to whom, when they withdrew a
second time, as above, he told that he would bring a process against me
for the murder, and that it should cost me dear for using him at that
rate; and away he went, desiring the Dutch merchant to tell him when I
would be there again. Had he suspected that the Dutchman would have
communicated the particulars to me, he would never have been so foolish
as to have mentioned that part to him.

But the malice of his thoughts anticipated him, and the Dutch merchant
was so good as to give me an account of his design, which indeed was
wicked enough in its nature; but to me it would have been worse than
otherwise it would to another, for upon examination I could not have
proved myself to be the wife of the jeweller, so the suspicion might
have been carried on with the better face; and then I should also have
brought all his relations in England upon me, who, finding by the
proceedings that I was not his wife but a mistress, or in English a
whore, would immediately have laid claim to the jewels, as I had owned
them to be his.

This thought immediately rushed into my head as soon as the Dutch
merchant had told me what wicked things were in the head of that cursed
Jew; and the villain (for so I must call him) convinced the Dutch
merchant that he was in earnest by an expression which showed the rest
of his design, and that was a plot to get the rest of the jewels into
his hand.

When first he hinted to the Dutchman that the jewels were such a man's,
meaning my husband's, he made wonderful explanations on account of their
having been concealed so long. Where must they have lain? and what was
the woman that brought them? and that she, meaning me, ought to be
immediately apprehended and put into the hands of justice; and this was
the time that, as I said, he made such horrid gestures and looked at me
so like a devil.

The merchant hearing him talk at that rate, and seeing him in earnest,
said to him, "Hold your tongue a little, this is a thing of consequence;
if it be so, let you and I go into the next room and consider of it
there." And so they withdrew and left me.

Here, as before, I was uneasy and called him out, and having heard how
it was, gave him that answer, that I was his wife, or widow, which the
malicious Jew said should not serve my turn. And then it was that the
Dutchman called him out again; and in this time of his withdrawing the
merchant, finding, as above, that he was really in earnest,
counterfeited a little to be of his mind and entered into proposals with
him for the thing itself.

In this they agreed to go to an advocate or counsel for directions how
to proceed, and to meet again the next day, against which time the
merchant was to appoint me to come again with the jewels in order to
sell them. "No," says the merchant, "I will go further with her than so;
I will desire her to leave the jewels with me, to show to another
person, in order to get the better price for them." "That's right," says
the Jew, "and I'll engage she shall never be mistress of them again.
They shall either be seized by us," says he, "in the King's name, or she
shall be glad to give them up to us to prevent her being put to the

The merchant said yes to everything he offered, and they agreed to meet
the next morning about it, and I was to be persuaded to leave the jewels
with him and come to them the next day at four o'clock in order to make
a good bargain for them, and on these conditions they parted. But the
honest Dutchman, filled with indignation at the barbarous design, came
directly to me and told me the whole story. "And now, madam," says he,
"you are to consider immediately what you have to do."

I told him if I was sure to have justice I would not fear all that such
a rogue could do to me, but how such things were carried on in France I
knew not. I told him the greatest difficulty would be to prove our
marriage, for that it was done in England, and in a remote part of
England too, and which was worse, it would be hard to produce authentic
vouchers of it, because we were married in private. "But as to the death
of your husband, madam, what can be said to that?" said he. "Nay," said
I, "what can they say to it? In England," added I, "if they would offer
such an injury to anyone, they must prove the fact or give just reason
for their suspicions. That my husband was murdered, that everyone knows;
but that he was robbed, or of what or how much, that none knows, no, not
myself; and why was I not questioned for it then? I have lived in Paris
ever since, lived publicly, and no man has had yet the impudence to
suggest such a thing of me."

"I am fully satisfied of that," says the merchant, "but as this is a
rogue who will stick at nothing, what can we say? And who knows what he
may swear? Suppose he should swear that he knows your husband had those
particular jewels with him the morning when he went out, and that he
showed them to him to consider their value and what price he should ask
the Prince de ---- for them."

"Nay, by the same rule," said I, "he may swear that I murdered my
husband, if he finds it for his turn."

"That's true," said he, "and if he should, I do not see what could save
you. But," he added, "I have found out his more immediate design. His
design is to have you carried to the Chtelet, that the suspicion may
appear just, and then to get the jewels out of your hands if possible,
then at last to drop the prosecution on your consenting to quit the
jewels to him; and how you will do to avoid this is the question which I
would have you consider of."

"My misfortune, sir," said I, "is that I have no time to consider, and I
have no person to consider with or advise about it. I find that
innocence may be oppressed by such an impudent fellow as this; he that
does not value a perjury has any man's life at his mercy. But, sir,"
said I, "is the justice such here, that while I may be in the hands of
the public and under prosecution, he may get hold of my effects and get
my jewels into his hands?"

"I don't know," says he, "what may be done in that case; but if not he,
if the court of justice should get hold of them, I do not know but you
may find it as difficult to get them out of their hands again, and at
least it may cost you half as much as they are worth; so I think it
would be a much better way to prevent their coming at them at all."

"But what course can I take to do that," says I, "now they have got
notice that I have them? If they get me into their hands they will
oblige me to produce them, or perhaps sentence me to prison till I do."

"Nay," says he, "as this brute says too, put you to the question, that
is, to the torture, on pretence of making you confess who were the
murderers of your husband."

"Confess!" said I; "how can I confess what I know nothing of?"

"If they come to have you to the rack," said he, "they will make you
confess you did it yourself, whether you did it or no, and then you are

The very word rack frighted me to death almost, and I had no spirit left
in me. "Did it myself!" said I; "that's impossible!"

"No, madam," says he, "'tis far from impossible; the most innocent
people in the world have been forced to confess themselves guilty of
what they never heard of, much less had any hand in."

"What then must I do?" said I; "what would you advise me to?"

"Why," says he, "I would advise you to be gone. You intended to go away
in four or five days, and you may as well go in two days; and if you can
do so, I shall manage it so that he shall not suspect your being gone
for several days after." Then he told me how the rogue would have me
ordered to bring the jewels the next day for sale, and that then he
would have me apprehended; how he had made the Jew believe he would join
with him in his design, and that he (the merchant) would get the jewels
into his hands. "Now," says the merchant, "I shall give you bills for
the money you desired, immediately, and such as shall not fail of being
paid. Take your jewels with you and go this very evening to St.
Germain-en-Laye; I'll send a man thither with you, and from thence he
shall guide you to-morrow to Rouen, where there lies a ship of mine just
ready to sail for Rotterdam. You shall have your passage in that ship on
my account, and I will send orders for him to sail as soon as you are on
board, and a letter to my friend at Rotterdam to entertain and take care
of you."

This was too kind an offer for me, as things stood, not to be accepted
and be thankful for; and as to my going away, I had prepared everything
for parting, so that I had little to do but to go back, take two or
three boxes and bundles and such things, and my maid Amy, and be gone.

Then the merchant told me the measures he had resolved to take to delude
the Jew while I made my escape, which were very well contrived indeed.
"First," said he, "when he comes to-morrow, I shall tell him that I
proposed to you to leave the jewels with me as we agreed, but that you
said you would come and bring them in the afternoon, so that we must
stay for you till four o'clock; but then at that time I will show a
letter from you as if just come in, wherein you shall excuse your not
coming for that some company came to visit you and prevented you, but
that you desire me to take care that the gentleman be ready to buy your
jewels, and that you will come to-morrow at the same hour without fail.

"When to-morrow is come we shall wait at the time, but you not
appearing, I shall seem most dissatisfied and wonder what can be the
reason; and so we shall agree to go the next day to get out a process
against you. But the next day, in the morning, I'll send to give him
notice that you have been at my house, but, he not being there, have
made another appointment, and that I desire to speak with him. When he
comes I'll tell him you appear perfectly blind as to your danger, and
that you appeared much disappointed that he did not come, though you
could not meet the night before, and obliged me to have him here
to-morrow at three o'clock. When to-morrow comes," says he, "you shall
send word that you are taken so ill that you cannot come out for that
day, but that you will not fail the next day; and the next day you shall
neither come nor send or let us ever hear any more of you, for by that
time you shall be in Holland, if you please."

I could not but approve all his measures, seeing they were so well
contrived and in so friendly a manner for my benefit; and as he seemed
to be so very sincere, I resolved to put my life in his hands.
Immediately I went to my lodgings and sent away Amy with such bundles as
I had prepared for my travelling. I also sent several parcels of my fine
furniture to the merchant's house to be laid up for me, and bringing the
key of the lodgings with me, I came back to his house. Here we finished
our matters of money, and I delivered into his hands 7,800 pistoles in
bills and money, a copy of an assignment on the Town House of Paris for
4,000 pistoles at 3 per cent. interest, attested, and a procuration for
receiving the interest half-yearly, but the original I kept myself.

I could have trusted all I had with him, for he was perfectly honest and
had not the least view of doing me any wrong; indeed, after it was so
apparent that he had, as it were, saved my life, or at least saved me
from being exposed and ruined--I say, after this, how could I doubt him
in anything?

When I came to him he had everything ready as I wanted and as he had
proposed. As to my money, he gave me first of all an accepted bill,
payable at Rotterdam, for 4,000 pistoles, and drawn from Genoa upon a
merchant at Rotterdam, payable to a merchant at Paris and endorsed by
him to my merchant. This he assured me would be punctually paid, and so
it was, to a day; the rest I had in other bills of exchange drawn by
himself upon other merchants in Holland. Having secured my jewels too,
as well as I could, he sent me away the same evening in a friend's
coach, which he had procured for me, to St. Germain, and the next
morning to Rouen. He also sent a servant of his own on horseback with
me, who provided everything for me, and who carried his orders to the
captain of the ship, which lay about three miles below Rouen, in the
river, and by his directions I went immediately on board. The third day
after I was on board the ship went away, and we were out at sea the next
day after that. And thus I took my leave of France and got clear of an
ugly business, which, had it gone on, might have ruined me and sent me
back as naked to England as I was a little before I left it.

Chapter  12

AND now Amy and I were at leisure to look upon the mischiefs that we had
escaped; and had I had any religion, or any sense of a Supreme Power
managing, directing, and governing in both causes and events in this
world, such a case as this would have given anybody room to have been
very thankful to the Power who had not only put such a treasure into my
hand, but given me such an escape from the ruin that threatened me; but
I had none of those things about me. I had indeed a grateful sense upon
my mind of the generous friendship of my deliverer, the Dutch merchant,
by whom I was so faithfully served, and by whom, as far as relates to
second causes, I was preserved from destruction.

I say I had a grateful sense upon my mind of his kindness and
faithfulness to me, and I resolved to show him some testimony of it as
soon as I came to the end of my rambles, for I was yet in a state of
uncertainty, and sometimes that gave me a little uneasiness too. I had
paper indeed for my money, and he had showed himself very good to me in
conveying me away, as above. But I had not seen the end of things yet,
for unless the bills were paid I might still be a great loser by my
Dutchman, and he might perhaps have contrived all that affair of the Jew
to put me into a fright and get me to run away, and that as if it were
to save my life; that if the bills should be refused I was cheated, with
a witness, and the like. But these were but surmises, and indeed were
perfectly without cause, for the honest man acted as honest men always
do, with an upright and disinterested principle, and with a sincerity
not often to be found in the world. What gain he made by the exchange
was just, and was nothing but what was his due and was in the way of his
business, but otherwise he made no advantage of me at all.

When I passed in the ship between Dover and Calais, and saw beloved
England once more under my view--England, which I counted my native
country, being the place I was bred up in, though not born there--a
strange kind of joy possessed my mind, and I had such a longing desire
to be there that I would have given the master of the ship twenty
pistoles to have stood over and set me on shore in the Downs. And when
he told me he could not do it, that is, that he durst not do it if I
would have given him a hundred pistoles, I secretly wishful that a storm
would rise that might drive the ship over to the coast of England
whether they would or not, that I might be set on shore anywhere upon
English ground.

This wicked wish had not been out of my thoughts above two or three
hours, but the master steering away to the north, as was his course to
do, we lost sight of land on that side and only had the Flemish shore in
view on our right hand, or, as the seamen call it, the starboard side;
and then with the loss of the sight the wish for landing in England
abated, and I considered how foolish it was to wish myself out of the
way of my business; that if I had been on shore in England, I must go
back to Holland on account of my bills, which were so considerable, and
I having no correspondence there, that I could not have managed it
without going myself. But we had not been out of sight of England many
hours before the weather began to change; the winds whistled and made a
noise, and the seamen said to one another that it would blow hard at
night. It was then about two hours before sunset, and we were passed by
Dunkirk and I think they said we were in sight of Ostend; but then the
wind grew high and the sea swelled, and all things looked terrible,
especially to us that understood nothing but just what we saw before us;
in short, night came on, and very dark it was, the wind freshened and
blew harder and harder, and about two hours within night it blew a
terrible storm.

I was not quite a stranger to the sea, having come from Rochelle to
England when I was a child, and gone from London by the River Thames to
France afterward, as I have said. But I began to be alarmed a little
with the terrible clamour of the men over my head, for I had never been
in a storm, and so had never seen the like or heard it; and once,
offering to look out at the door of the steerage, as they called it, it
struck me with such horror, the darkness, the fierceness of the wind,
the dreadful height of the waves, and the hurry the Dutch sailors were
in, whose language I did not understand one word of, neither when they
cursed nor when they prayed--I say all these things together filled me
with terror, and, in short, I began to be very much frighted.

When I was come back into the great cabin, there sat Amy, who was very
seasick, and I had a little before given her a sup of cordial water to
help her stomach. When Amy saw me come back and sit down without
speaking, for so I did, she looked two or three times up at me. At last
she came running to me. "Dear madam!" says she, "what is the matter?
What makes you look so pale? Why, you ain't well; what is the matter?" I
said nothing still, but held up my hands two or three times. Amy doubled
her importunities. Upon that I said no more but, "Step to the steerage
door and look out, as I did." So she went away immediately and looked
too, as I had bidden her. But the poor girl came back again in the
greatest amazement and horror that ever I saw any poor creature in,
wringing her hands and crying out she was undone! she was undone! she
should be drowned! They were all lost! Thus she ran about the cabin like
a mad thing, and as perfectly out of her senses as anyone in such a case
could be supposed to be.

I was frighted myself, but when I saw the girl in such a terrible agony
it brought me a little to myself, and I began to talk to her and put her
in a little hope. I told her there was many a ship in a storm that was
not cast away, and I hoped we should not be drowned; that it was true
the storm was very dreadful, but I did not see that the seamen were so
much concerned as we were. And so I talked to her as well as I could,
though my heart was full enough of it as well as Amy's, and death began
to stare in my face, ay, and something else too, that is to say,
conscience, and my mind was very much disturbed, but I had nobody to
comfort me.

But Amy being in so much worse a condition, that is to say, so much more
terrified at the storm than I was, I had something to do to comfort her.
She was, as I have said, like one distracted, and went raving about the
cabin crying out she was undone! undone! she should be drowned! and the
like; and at last the ship giving a jerk, by the force, I suppose, of
some violent wave, it threw poor Amy quite down, for she was weak enough
before with being seasick; and as it threw her forward the poor girl
struck her head against the bulkhead, as the seamen call it, of the
cabin, and laid her as dead as a stone upon the floor, or deck, that is
to say, she was so to all appearance.

I cried out for help, but it had been all one to have cried out on the
top of a mountain where nobody had been within five miles of me; for the
seamen were so engaged and made so much noise, that nobody heard me or
came near me. I opened the great cabin door and looked into the steerage
to cry for help, but there, to increase my fright, were two seamen on
their knees at prayers, and only one man who steered, and he made a
groaning noise too, which I took to be saying his prayers, but it seems
it was answering to those above when they called to him to tell him
which way to steer.

Here was no help for me or for poor Amy, and there she lay so still and
in such a condition, that I did not know whether she was dead or alive.
In this fright I went to her and lifted her a little way up, setting her
on the deck with her back to the boards of the bulkhead, and I got a
little bottle out of my pocket and held it to her nose, and rubbed her
temples, and what else I could do, but still Amy showed no signs of
life, till I felt for her pulse but could hardly distinguish her to be
alive. However, after a great while she began to revive, and in about
half an hour she came to herself, but remembered nothing at first of
what had happened to her for a good while more.

When she recovered more fully she asked me where she was. I told her she
was in the ship yet, but God knows how long it might be. "Why, madam,"
says she, "is not the storm over?" "No, no," says I, "Amy." "Why,
madam," says she, "it was calm just now" (meaning when she was in the
swooning fit occasioned by her fall). "Calm! Amy," says I, "'tis far
from calm; it may be it will be calm by and by, when we are all drowned
and gone to heaven."

"Heaven! madam," says she, "what makes you talk so? Heaven! I go to
heaven! No, no, if I am drowned I am damned! Don't you know what a
wicked creature I have been? I have been a whore to two men, and have
lived a wretched abominable life of vice and wickedness for fourteen
years. Oh, madam, you know it, and God knows it; and now I am to die, to
be drowned. Oh! what will become of me? I am undone for ever! Ay, madam,
for ever! to all eternity! Oh, I am lost! I am lost! If I am drowned I
am lost for ever!"

All these, you will easily suppose, must be so many stabs into the very
soul of one in my own case. It immediately occurred to me, "Poor Amy!
what art thou that I am not? What hast thou been that I have not been?
Nay, I am guilty of my own sin and thine too." Then it came to my
remembrance that I had not only been the same with Amy, but that I had
been the devil's instrument to make her wicked; that I had stripped her
and prostituted her to the very man that I had been naught with myself;
that she had but followed me. I had been her wicked example, and I had
led her into all, and that as we had sinned together, now we were likely
to sink together.

All this repeated itself to my thoughts at that very moment, and every
one of Amy's cries sounded thus in my ears. "I am the wicked cause of it
all; I have been thy ruin, Amy; I have brought thee to this, and now
thou art to suffer for the sin I have enticed thee to; and if thou art
lost for ever, what must I be? what must be my portion?"

It is true this difference was between us, that I said all these things
within myself, and sighed and mourned inwardly; but Amy, as her temper
was more violent, spoke aloud and cried and called out aloud like one in
an agony.

I had but small encouragement to give her, and indeed could say but very
little, but I got her to compose herself a little and not let any of the
people of the ship understand what she meant or what she said. But even
in her greatest composure she continued to express herself with the
utmost dread and terror on account of the wicked life she had lived, and
crying out she should be damned and the like, which was very terrible to
me who knew what condition I was in myself.

Upon these serious considerations I was very penitent too for my former
sins, and cried out, though softly, two or three times, "Lord, have
mercy upon me." To this I added abundance of resolutions of what a life
I would live if it should please God but to spare my life but this one
time; how I would live but a single and a virtuous life, and spend a
great deal of what I had thus wickedly got in acts of charity and doing

Under these dreadful apprehensions I looked back on the life I had led
with the utmost contempt and abhorrence. I blushed, and wondered at
myself how I could act thus, how I could divest myself of modesty and
honour and prostitute myself for gain; and I thought if ever it should
please God to spare me this one time from death, it would not be
possible that I should be the same creature again.

Amy went further. She prayed, she resolved, she vowed to lead a new life
if God would spare her but this time. It now began to be daylight, for
the storm held all night long, and it was some comfort to see the light
of another day, which indeed none of us expected; but the sea went
mountains high, and the noise of the water was as frightful to us as the
sight of the waves; nor was any land to be seen, nor did the seamen know
whereabout they were. At last, to our great joy, they made land, which
was in England and on the coast of Suffolk; and the ship being in the
utmost distress, they ran for the shore at all hazards, and with great
difficulty got into Harwich, where they were safe as to the danger of
death. But the ship was so full of water and so much damaged, that if
they had not laid her on shore the same day she would have sunk before
night, according to the opinion of the seamen, and of the workmen on
shore too who were hired to assist them in stopping their leaks.

Amy was revived as soon as she heard they had espied land, and went out
upon the deck, but she soon came in again to me. "Oh, madam," says she,
"there's the land indeed to be seen; it looks like a ridge of clouds,
and may be all a cloud for aught I know, but if it be land 'tis a great
way off; and the sea is in such a combustion, we shall perish before we
can reach it. 'Tis the dreadfullest sight to look at the waves that ever
was seen; why, they are as high as mountains, we shall certainly be all
swallowed up for all the land is so near."

I had conceived some hope that if they saw land we should be delivered,
and I told her she did not understand things of that nature; that she
might be sure if they saw land they would go directly towards it, and
would make into some harbour. But it was, as Amy said, a frightful
distance to it. The land looked like clouds, and the sea went as high as
mountains, so that no hope appeared in the seeing the land, but we were
in fear of foundering before we could reach it. This made Amy so
desponding still; but as the wind, which blew from the east or that way,
drove us furiously towards the land, so when about half an hour after I
stepped to the steerage door and looked out I saw the land much nearer
than Amy represented it, so I went in and encouraged Amy again, and
indeed was encouraged myself.

In about an hour or something more we saw, to our infinite satisfaction,
the open harbour of Harwich and the vessel standing directly towards it,
and in a few minutes more the ship was in smooth water, to our
inexpressible comfort. And thus I had, though against my will and
contrary to my true interest, what I wished for, to be driven away to
England, though it was by a storm.

Nor did this incident do either Amy or me much service; for, the danger
being over, the fears of death vanished with it, ay, and our fear of
what was beyond death also. Our sense of the life we had lived went off,
and with our return to life our wicked taste of life returned, and we
were both the same as before, if not worse. So certain is it that the
repentance which is brought about by the mere apprehensions of death
wears off as those apprehensions wear off, and death-bed repentance, or
storm repentance, which is much the same, is seldom true.

However, I do not tell you that this was all at once neither. The fright
we had at sea lasted a little while afterwards, at least the impression
was not quite blown off as soon as the storm; especially poor Amy, as
soon as she set her foot on shore, she fell flat upon the ground and
kissed it, and gave God thanks for her deliverance from the sea; and
turning to me when she got up, "I hope, madam," says she, "you will
never go upon the sea again."

I know not what ailed me, not I; but Amy was much more penitent at sea,
and much more sensible of her deliverance when she landed and was safe,
than I was. I was in a kind of stupidity, I know not well what to call
it. I had a mind full of horror in the time of the storm, and saw death
before me as plainly as Amy, but my thoughts got no vent as Amy's did. I
had a silent, sullen kind of grief which could not break out either in
words or tears, and which was, therefore, much the worse to bear.

I had a terror upon me for my wicked past life, and firmly believed I
was going to the bottom, launching into death, where I was to give an
account of all my past actions. And in this state, and on that account,
I looked back upon my wickedness with abhorrence, as I have said above.
But I had no sense of repentance from the true motive of repentance; I
saw nothing of the corruption of nature, the sin of my life as an
offence against God, as a thing odious to the holiness of His being, as
abusing His mercy and despising His goodness. In short, I had no
thorough effectual repentance, no sight of my sins in their proper
shape, no view of a Redeemer or hope in Him. I had only such a
repentance as a criminal has at the place of execution, who is sorry,
not that he has committed the crime, as it is a crime, but sorry that he
is to be hanged for it.

It is true Amy's repentance wore off too as well as mine, but not so
soon. However, we were both very grave for a time.

As soon as we could get a boat from the town we went on shore, and
immediately went to a public-house in the town of Harwich, where we were
to consider seriously what was to be done, and whether we should go up
to London or stay till the ship was refitted, which they said would be a
fortnight, and then go for Holland as we intended and as business

Reason directed that I should go to Holland, for there I had all my
money to receive, and there I had persons of good reputation and
character to apply to, having letters to them from the honest Dutch
merchant at Paris; and they might perhaps give me a recommendation again
to merchants in London, and so I should get acquaintance with some
people of figure, which was what I loved, whereas now I knew not one
creature in the whole city of London or anywhere else that I could go
and make myself known to. Upon these considerations I resolved to go to
Holland, whatever came of it.

But Amy cried and trembled and was ready to fall into fits when I did
but mention going upon the sea again, and begged of me not to go; or, if
I would go, that I would leave her behind, though I was to send her
a-begging. The people in the inn laughed at her and jested with her,
asked her if she had any sins to confess that she was ashamed should be
heard of, and that she was troubled with an evil conscience; told her if
she came to sea and to be in a storm, if she had lain with her master
she would certainly tell her mistress of it; and that it was a common
thing for poor maids to confess all the young men they had lain with.
That there was once a poor girl that went over with her mistress, whose
husband was a ----r in ---- in the city of London, who confessed in the
terror of a storm that she had lain with her master and all the
apprentices so often, and in such and such places, and made the poor
mistress, when she returned to London, fly at her husband and make such
a stir as was indeed the ruin of the whole family. Amy could bear all
that well enough, for though she had indeed lain with her master, it was
with her mistress's knowledge and consent, and, which was worse, was her
mistress's own doing. I record it to the reproach of my own vice, and to
expose the excesses of such wickedness as they deserve to be exposed.

I thought Amy's fear would have been over by that time the ship would be
gotten ready, but I found the girl was rather worse and worse; and when
I came to the point that we must go on board or lose the passage, Amy
was so terrified that she fell into fits, so the ship went away without

But my going being absolutely necessary, as above, I was obliged to go
in the packet-boat some time after and leave Amy behind at Harwich, but
with directions to go to London and stay there, to receive letters and
orders from me what to do. Now I was become, from a lady of pleasure, a
woman of business, and of great business, too, I assure you.

I got me a servant at Harwich, to go over with me, who had been at
Rotterdam, knew the place and spoke the language, which was a great help
to me, and away I went. I had a very quick passage and pleasant weather,
and, coming to Rotterdam, soon found out the merchant to whom I was
recommended, who received me with extraordinary respect; and first he
acknowledged the accepted bill for 4,000 pistoles, which he afterwards
paid punctually. Other bills that I had also payable at Amsterdam he
procured to be received for me, and whereas one of the bills for 1,200
crowns was protested at Amsterdam, he paid it me himself, for the honour
of the endorser, as he called it, which was my friend the merchant at

There I entered into a negotiation, by his means, for my jewels, and he
brought me several jewellers to look on them, and particularly one to
value them and to tell me what every particular was worth. This was a
man who had great skill in jewels but did not trade at that time, and he
was desired by the gentleman that I was with to see that I might not be
imposed upon.

All this work took me up near half a year, and by managing my business
thus myself and having large sums to do with, I became as expert in it
as any she-merchant of them all. I had credit in the bank for a large
sum of money, and bills and notes for much more.

After I had been here about three months my maid Amy writes me word that
she had received a letter from her friend, as she called him--that, by
the way, was the Prince's gentleman, that had been Amy's extraordinary
friend indeed, for Amy owned to me he had lain with her a hundred times;
that is to say, as often as he pleased, and perhaps in the eight years
which that affair lasted it might be a great deal oftener. This was what
she called her friend, whom she corresponded with upon this particular
subject, and among other things sent her this particular news that my
extraordinary friend, my real husband who rode in the Gendarmes, was
dead, that he was killed in a rencounter, as they call it, or accidental
scuffle among the troopers; and so the jade congratulated me upon my
being now a real free woman. "And now, madam," says she at the end of
her letter, "you have nothing to do but come hither and set up a coach
and a good equipage, and if beauty and a good fortune won't make you a
duchess, nothing will." But I had not fixed my measures yet. I had no
inclination to be a wife again; I had had such bad luck with my first
husband, I hated the thoughts of it. I found that a wife is treated with
indifference, a mistress with a strong passion; a wife is looked upon as
but an upper servant, a mistress is a sovereign; a wife must give up all
she has, have every reserve she makes for herself be thought hard of,
and be upbraided with her very pin-money, whereas a mistress makes the
saying true, that what a man has is hers, and what she has is her own;
the wife bears a thousand insults and is forced to sit still and bear it
or part and be undone, a mistress insulted helps herself immediately and
takes another.

These were my wicked arguments for whoring, for I never set against them
the difference another way, I may say, every other way; how that, first,
a wife appears boldly and honourably with her husband, lives at home and
possesses his house, his servants, his equipages, and has a right to
them all and to call them her own, entertains his friends, owns his
children, and has the return of duty and affection from them, as they
are here her own, and claims upon his estate, by the custom of England,
if he dies and leaves her a widow.

The whore skulks about in lodgings, is visited in the dark, disowned
upon all occasions before God and man, is maintained indeed for a time,
but is certainly condemned to be abandoned at last, and left to the
miseries of fate and her own just disaster. If she has any children her
endeavour is to get rid of them and not maintain them, and if she lives
she is certain to see them all hate her and be ashamed of her. While the
vice rages and the man is in the devil's hand, she has him, and while
she has him she makes a prey of him; but if he happen to fall sick, if
any disaster befall him, the cause of all lies upon her, he is sure to
lay all his misfortunes at her door; and if once he comes to repentance
or makes one step towards a reformation, he begins with her, leaves her,
uses her as she deserves, hates her, abhors her, and sees her no more.
And that with this never-failing addition, namely, that the more sincere
and unfeigned his repentance is, the more earnestly he looks up, and the
more effectually he looks in, the more his aversion to her increases,
and he curses her from the bottom of his soul; nay, it must be from a
kind of excess of charity if he so much as wishes God may forgive her.

The opposite circumstances of a wife and whore are such and so many, and
I have since seen the difference with such eyes, as I could dwell upon
the subject a great while, but my business is history. I had a long
sense of folly yet to run over; perhaps the moral of all my story may
bring me back again to this part, and if it does I shall speak of it

While I continued in Holland I received several letters from my friend
(so I had good reason to call him) the merchant in Paris, in which he
gave me a further account of the conduct of that rogue the Jew, and how
he acted after I was gone; how impatient he was while the said merchant
kept him in suspense, expecting me to come again, and how he raged when
he found I came no more.

It seems, after he found I did not come, he found out by his unwearied
inquiry where I had lived, and that I had been kept as a mistress by
some great person, but he could never learn by whom, except that he
learnt the colour of his livery. In pursuit of this enquiry he guessed
at the right person, but could not make it out or offer any positive
proof of it; but he found out the Prince's gentleman, and talked so
saucily to him of it that the gentleman treated him, as the French call
it, au coup de bton; that is to say, caned him very severely, as he
deserved. And that not satisfying him or curing his insolence, he was
met late one night upon the Pont Neuf in Paris by two men, who, muffling
him up in a great cloak, carried him into a more private place and cut
off both his ears, telling him it was for talking impudently of his
superiors, adding that he should take care to govern his tongue better
and behave with more manners, or the next time they would cut his tongue
out of his head.

This put a check to his sauciness that way, but he comes back to the
merchant and threatened to begin a process against him for corresponding
with me and being accessory to the murder of the jeweller, etc.

The merchant found by his discourse that he supposed I was protected by
the said Prince de ----, nay, the rogue said he was sure I was in his
lodgings at Versailles--for he never had so much as the least intimation
of the way I was really gone--but that I was there he was certain, and
certain that the merchant was privy to it. The merchant bade him
defiance. However, he gave him a great deal of trouble and put him to a
great charge, and had like to have brought him in for a party to my
escape; in which case he would have been obliged to have produced me,
and that in the penalty of some capital sum of money.

But the merchant was too many for him another way; for he brought an
information against him for a cheat, wherein laying down the whole fact,
how he intended falsely to accuse the widow of the jeweller for the
supposed murder of her husband, that he did it purely to get the jewels
from her, and that he offered to bring him (the merchant) in, to be
confederate with him and to share the jewels between them; proving also
his design to get the jewels into his hands and then to have dropped the
prosecution upon condition of my quitting the jewels to him. Upon this
charge he got him laid by the heels; so he was sent to the Conciergerie,
that is to say, to Bridewell, and the merchant cleared. He got out of
jail in a little while, though not without the help of money, and
continued teasing the merchant a long while; and at last threatening to
assassinate and murder him, so the merchant, who having buried his wife
about two months before was now a single man, and not knowing what such
a villain might do, thought fit to quit Paris, and came away to Holland

It is most certain that, speaking of originals, I was the source and
spring of all that trouble and vexation to this honest gentleman; and as
it was afterwards in my power to have made him full satisfaction and did
not, I cannot say but I added ingratitude to all the rest of my follies.
But of that I shall give a fuller account presently.

Chapter  13

I was surprised one morning when, being at the merchant's house whom he
had recommended me to in Rotterdam, and being busy in his counting-house
managing my bills and preparing to write a letter to him to Paris, I
heard a noise of horses at the door; which is not very common in a city
where everybody passes by water; but he had, it seems, ferried over the
Maas from Wilhemstad, and so came to the very door. And I, looking
towards the door upon hearing the horses, saw a gentleman alight and
come in at the gate. I knew nothing and expected nothing, to be sure, of
the person, but, as I say was surprised, and indeed more than ordinarily
surprised, when coming nearer to me I saw it was my merchant of Paris,
my benefactor, and indeed my deliverer.

I confess it was an agreeable surprise to me, and I was exceeding glad
to see him who was so honourable and so kind to me, and who indeed had
saved my life. As soon as he saw me he ran to me, took me in his arms
and kissed me with a freedom that he never offered to take with me
before. "Dear Madam ----," says he, "I am glad to see you safe in this
country; if you had stayed two days longer in Paris you had been
undone." I was so glad to see him that I could not speak for a good
while, and I burst out into tears without speaking a word for a minute;
but I recovered that disorder and said, "The more, sir, is my obligation
to you that saved my life"; and added, "I am glad to see you here, that
I may consider how to balance an account in which I am so much your

"You and I will adjust that matter easily," says he, "now we are so near
together. Pray where do you lodge?" says he.

"In a very honest good house," said I, "where that gentleman, your
friend, recommended me," pointing to the merchant in whose house we then

"And where you may lodge too, sir," says the gentleman, "if it suits
with your business and your other conveniency."

"With all my heart," says he. "Then, madam," adds he, turning to me, "I
shall be near you, and have time to tell you a story, which will be very
long and yet many ways very pleasant to you, how troublesome that
devilish fellow the Jew has been to me on your account, and what a
hellish snare he had laid for you if he could have found you."

"I shall have leisure too, sir," said I, "to tell you all my adventures
since that; which have not been a few, I assure you."

In short, he took up his lodgings in the same house where I lodged, and
the room he lay in opened, as he was wishing it would, just opposite to
my lodging-room; so we could almost call out of bed to one another, and
I was not at all shy of him on that score, for I believed him perfectly
honest, and so indeed he was; and if he had not, that article was at
present no part of my concern.

It was not till two or three days, and after his first hurries of
business were over, that we began to enter into the history of our
affairs on every side, but when we began it took up all our conversation
for almost a fortnight. First I gave him a particular account of
everything that happened material upon my voyage, and how we were driven
into Harwich by a very terrible storm; how I had left my woman behind
me, so frighted with the danger she had been in that she durst not
venture to set her foot into a ship again any more; and that I had not
come myself if the bills I had of him had not been payable in Holland,
but that money, he might see, would make a woman go anywhere.

He seemed to laugh at all our womanish fears upon the occasion of the
storm, telling me it was nothing but what was very ordinary in those
seas, but that they had harbours on every coast, so near that they were
seldom in danger of being lost indeed. "For," says he, "if they cannot
fetch one coast, they can always stand away for another, and run afore
it," as he called it, "for one side or other." But when I came to tell
him what a crazy ship it was, and how, even when they got into Harwich
and into smooth water, they were fain to run the ship on shore or she
would have sunk in the very harbour. And when I told him that when I
looked out at the cabin door I saw the Dutchmen, one upon his knees here
and another there, at their prayers, then indeed he acknowledged I had
reason to be alarmed. But smiling, he added, "But you, madam," says he,
"are so good a lady, and so pious, you would but have gone to heaven a
little the sooner, the difference had not been much to you."

I confess when he said this it made all the blood turn in my veins, and
I thought I should have fainted. "Poor gentleman!" thought I, "you know
little of me; what would I give to be really what you really think me to
be!" He perceived the disorder, but said nothing till I spoke; when,
shaking my head, "Oh, sir!" said I, "death in any shape has some terror
in it, but in the frightful figure of a storm at sea and a sinking ship
it comes with a double, a treble, and indeed an inexpressible horror,
and if I were that saint you think me to be, which, God knows, I am not,
'tis still very dismal; I desire to die in a calm if I can." He said a
great many good things, and very prettily ordered his discourse between
serious reflection and compliment; but I had too much guilt to relish it
as it was meant, so I turned it off to something else and talked of the
necessity I had on me to come to Holland, but I wished myself safe on
shore in England again.

He told me he was glad I had such an obligation upon me to come over
into Holland, however, but hinted that he was so interested in my
welfare, and besides had such further designs upon me, that if I had not
so happily been found in Holland, he was resolved to have gone to
England to see me, and that it was one of the principal reasons of his
leaving Paris.

I told him I was extremely obliged to him for so far interesting himself
in my affairs, but that I had been so far his debtor before, that I knew
not how anything could increase the debt; for I owed my life to him
already, and I could not be in debt for anything more valuable than

He answered in the most obliging manner possible that he would put it in
my power to pay that debt, and all the obligations besides that ever he
had or should be able to lay upon me.

I began to understand him now, and to see plainly that he resolved to
make love to me. But I would by no means seem to take the hint, and
beside I knew that he had a wife with him in Paris, and I had, just then
at least, no gust to any more intriguing. However, he surprised me into
a sudden notice of the thing a little while after by saying something in
his discourse that he did, as he said, in his wife's days. I started at
that word. "What mean you by that, sir?" said I. "Have you not a wife at
Paris?" "No, madam, indeed," said he, "my wife died the beginning of
September last"; which, it seems, was but a little after I came away.

We lived in the same house all this while, and as we lodged not far off
of one another, opportunities were not wanting of as near an
acquaintance as we might desire; nor have such opportunities the least
agency in vicious minds to bring to pass even what they might not intend
at first.

However, though he courted so much at a distance, yet his pretensions
were very honourable; and as I had before found him a most disinterested
friend and perfectly honest in his dealings, even when I trusted him
with all I had, so now I found him strictly virtuous; till I made him
otherwise myself, even almost whether he would or no, as you shall hear.

It was not long after our former discourse when he repeated what he had
insinuated before, namely, that he had yet a design to lay before me,
which, if I would agree to his proposals, would more than balance all
accounts between us. I told him I could not reasonably deny him
anything, and except one thing, which I hoped and believed he would not
think of, I should think myself very ungrateful if I did not do
everything for him that lay in my power.

He told me what he should desire of me would be fully in my power to
grant, or else he should be very unfriendly to offer it, and still all
this while he declined making the proposal, as he called it, and so for
that time we ended our discourse, turning it off to other things. So
that, in short, I began to think he might have met with some disaster in
his business, and might have come away from Paris in some discredit, or
had had some blow on his affairs in general. And as really I had
kindness enough to have parted with a good sum to have helped him, and
was in gratitude bound to have done so, he having so effectually saved
to me all I had, so I resolved to make him the offer the first time I
had an opportunity, which two or three days after offered itself, very
much to my satisfaction.

He had told me at large, though on several occasions, the treatment he
had met with from the Jew, and what expense he had put him to; how at
length he had cast him, as above, and had recovered good damages of him,
but that the rogue was unable to make him any considerable reparation.
He had told me also how the Prince de ----'s gentleman had resented his
treatment of his master, and how he had caused him to be used upon the
Pont Neuf, etc., as I have mentioned above, which I laughed at most

"It is a pity," said I, "that I should sit here and make that gentleman
no amends. If you would direct me, sir," said I, "how to do it, I would
make him a handsome present, and acknowledge the justice he had done to
me as well as to the Prince his master." He said he would do what I
directed in it, so I told him I would send him 500 crowns. "That's too
much," said he, "for you are but half interested in the usage of the
Jew; it was on his master's account he corrected him, not on yours."
Well, however, we were obliged to do nothing in it, for neither of us
knew how to direct a letter to him nor to direct anybody to him; so I
told him I would leave it till I came to England, for that my woman Amy
corresponded with him and that he had made love to her.

"Well, but, sir," said I, "as in requital for his generous concern of me
I am careful to think of him; it is but just that what expense you have
been obliged to be at, which was all on my account, should be repaid
you; and therefore," said I, "let me see----" And there I paused, and
began to reckon up what I had observed from his own discourse it had
cost him in the several disputes and hearings which he had with that dog
of a Jew, and I cast them up at something above 2,130 crowns; so I
pulled out some bills which I had upon a merchant in Amsterdam and a
particular account in bank, and was looking on them in order to give
them to him.

When he, seeing evidently what I was going about, interrupted me with
some warmth, and told me he would have nothing of me on that account,
and desired I would not pull out my bills and papers on that score; that
he had not told me the story on that account or with any such view; that
it had been his misfortune first to bring that ugly rogue to me, which
though it was with a good design, yet he would punish himself with the
expense he had been at for his being so unlucky to me; that I could not
think so hard of him as to suppose he would take money of me, a widow,
for serving me and doing acts of kindness to me in a strange country,
and in distress too. But he said he would repeat what he had said
before, that he kept me for a deeper reckoning, and that, as he had told
me, he would put me into a posture to even all that favour, as I called
it, at once, so we should talk it over another time and balance all

Now I expected it would come out, but still he put it off as before,
from whence I concluded it could not be a matter of love, for that those
things are not usually delayed in such a manner, and therefore it must
be a matter of money. Upon which thought I broke the silence and told
him that as he knew I had, by obligation, more kindness for him than to
deny any favour to him that I could grant, and that he seemed backward
to mention his case, I begged leave of him to give me leave to ask him
whether anything lay upon his mind with respect to his business and
effects in the world; that if it did, he knew what I had in the world as
well as I did, and that if he wanted money I would let him have any sum
for his occasion as far as five or six thousand pistoles, and he should
pay me as his own affairs would permit; and that if he never paid me, I
would assure him that I would never give him any trouble for it.

He rose up with ceremony, and gave me thanks in terms that sufficiently
told me he had been bred among people more polite and more courteous
than is esteemed the ordinary usage of the Dutch; and after his
compliment was over he came nearer to me, and told me that he was
obliged to assure me, though with repeated acknowledgments of my kind
offer, that he was not in any want of money; that he had met with no
uneasiness in any of his affairs, no, not of any kind whatever, except
that of the loss of his wife and one of his children, which indeed had
troubled him much; but that this was no part of what he had to offer me,
and by granting which I should balance all obligations. But that, in
short, it was that seeing Providence had (as it were for that purpose)
taken his wife from him, I would make up the loss to him; and with that
he held me fast in his arms and, kissing me, would not give me leave to
say no, and hardly to breathe.

At length having got room to speak, I told him that, as I had said
before, I could deny him but one thing in the world; I was very sorry he
should propose that thing only that I could not grant.

I could not but smile, however, to myself that he should make so many
circles and roundabout motions to come at a discourse which had no such
rarity at the bottom of it, if he had known all. But there was another
reason why I resolved not to have him, when, at the same time, if he had
courted me in a manner less honest or virtuous, I believe I should not
have denied him. But I shall come to that part presently.

He was, as I have said, long a-bringing it out, but when he had brought
it out he pursued it with such importunities as would admit of no
denial, at least he intended they should not; but I resisted them
obstinately, and yet with expressions of the utmost kindness and respect
for him that could be imagined, often telling him there was nothing else
in the world that I could deny him, and showing him all the respect and
upon all occasions treating him with intimacy and freedom as if he had
been my brother.

He tried all the ways imaginable to bring his design to pass, but I was
inflexible. At last he thought of a way which, he flattered himself,
would not fail; nor would he have been mistaken perhaps in any other
woman in the world but me. This was to try if he could take me at an
advantage and get to bed to me, and then, as was most rational to think,
I should willingly enough marry him afterwards.

We were so intimate together that nothing but man and wife could, or at
least ought to be, more; but still our freedoms kept within the bounds
of modesty and decency. But one evening, above all the rest, we were
very merry, and I fancied he pushed the mirth to watch for his
advantage, and I resolved that I would, at least, feign to be as merry
as he, and that, in short, if he offered anything he should have his
will easily enough.

About one o'clock in the morning, for so long we sat up together, I
said, "Come, 'tis one o'clock, I must go to bed." "Well," says he, "I'll
go with you." "No, no," says I, "go to your own chamber." He said he
would go to bed with me. "Nay," says I, "if you will, I don't know what
to say; if I can't help it, you must." However, I got from him, left him
and went into my chamber, but did not shut the door; and as he could
easily see that I was undressing myself, he steps to his own room, which
was but on the same floor, and in a few minutes undresses himself also
and returns to my door in his gown and slippers.

I thought he had been gone indeed, and so that he had been in jest; and,
by the way, thought either he had no mind to the thing or that he never
intended it; so I shut my door, that is, latched it, for I seldom locked
or bolted it, and went to bed. I had not been in bed a minute but he
comes in his gown to the door and opens it a little way, but not enough
to come in or look in, and says softly, "What, are you really gone to
bed?" "Yes, yes," says I, "get you gone." "No, indeed," says he, "I
shall not begone, you gave me leave before to come to bed, and you
shan't say get you gone now." So he comes into my room, and then turns
about and fastens the door, and immediately comes to the bedside to me.
I pretended to scold and struggle, and bid him begone with more warmth
than before, but it was all one. He had not a rag of clothes on but his
gown and slippers and shirt, so he throws off his gown and throws open
the bed and came in at once.

I made a seeming resistance, but it was no more indeed; for, as above, I
resolved from the beginning he should lie with me if he would, and for
the rest, I left it to come after.

Well, he lay with me that night and the two next, and very merry we were
all the three days between; but the third night he began to be a little
more grave. "Now, my dear," says he, "though I have pushed this matter
further than ever I intended, or than I believe you expected from me,
who never made any pretences to you but what were very honest, yet to
heal it all up and let you see how sincerely I meant at first and how
honest I will ever be to you, I am ready to marry you still, and desire
you to let it be done to-morrow morning; and I will give you the same
fair conditions of marriage as I would have done before."

This, it must be owned, was a testimony that he was very honest and that
he loved me sincerely, but I construed it quite another way, namely,
that he aimed at the money. But how surprised did he look, and how was
he confounded, when he found me receive his proposal with coldness and
indifference and still tell him that it was the only thing I could not

He was astonished. "What, not take me now!" says he, "when I have been
abed with you!" I answered coldly, though respectfully still, "It is
true, to my shame be it spoken," says I, "that you have taken me by
surprise and have had your will of me, but I hope you will not take it
ill that I cannot consent to marry, for all that; if I am with child,"
said I, "care must be taken to manage that as you shall direct. I hope
you won't expose me for my having exposed myself to you, but I cannot go
any further." And at that point I stood, and would hear of no matrimony
by any means.

Now because this may seem a little odd, I shall state the matter clearly
as I understood it myself. I knew that while I was a mistress, it is
customary for the person kept to receive from them that keep; but if I
should be a wife, all I had then was given up to the husband, and I was
thenceforth to be under his authority only; and as I had money enough,
and needed not fear being what they call a cast-off mistress, so I had
no need to give him twenty thousand pounds to marry me, which had been
buying my lodging too dear a great deal.

Thus his project of coming to bed to me was a bite upon himself, while
he intended it for a bite upon me, and he was no nearer his aim of
marrying me than he was before. All his arguments he could urge upon the
subject of matrimony were at an end, for I positively declined marrying
him; and as he had refused the thousand pistoles which I had offered him
in compensation for his expenses and loss at Paris with the Jew, and had
done it upon the hopes he had of marrying me, so when he found his way
difficult still he was amazed, and, I had some reason to believe,
repented that he had refused the money.

But thus it is when men run into wicked measures to bring their designs
about. I, that was infinitely obliged to him before, began to talk to
him as if I had balanced accounts with him now, and that the favour of
lying with a whore was equal, not to the thousand pistoles only, but to
all the debt I owed him for saving my life and all my effects.

But he drew himself into it, and though it was a dear bargain, yet it
was a bargain of his own making; he could not say I had tricked him into
it. But as he projected and drew me in to lie with him, depending that
it was a sure game in order to a marriage, so I granted him the favour,
as he called it, to balance the account of favours received from him and
keep the thousand pistoles with a good grace.

He was extremely disappointed in this article and knew not how to manage
for a great while, and, as I dare say, if he had not expected to have
made it an earnest for marrying me, he would never have attempted me the
other way; so, I believed, if it had not been for the money which he
knew I had, he would never have desired to marry me after he had lain
with me. For where is the man that cares to marry a whore, though of his
own making? And as I knew him to be no fool, so I did him no wrong when
I supposed that, but for the money, he would not have had any thoughts
of me that way, especially after my yielding as I had done; in which it
is to be remembered that I made no capitulation for marrying him when I
yielded to him, but let him do just what he pleased, without any
previous bargain.

Well, hitherto we went upon guesses at one another's designs; but as he
continued to importune me to marry, though he had lain with me and still
did lie with me as often as he pleased, and I continued to refuse to
marry him, though I let him lie with me whenever he desired it--I say, as
these two circumstances made up our conversation, it could not continue
long thus but we must come to an explanation.

One morning in the middle of our unlawful freedoms, that is to say, when
we were in bed together, he sighed and told me he desired my leave to
ask me one question, and that I would give him an answer to it with the
same ingenuous freedom and honesty that I had used to treat him with. I
told him I would. Why, then, his question was, why I would not marry him
seeing I allowed him all the freedoms of a husband. "Oh," says he, "my
dear, since you have been so kind as to take me to your bed, why will
you not make me your own and take me for good and all, that we may enjoy
ourselves without any reproach to one another?"

I told him that as I confessed it was the only thing I could not comply
with him in, so it was the only thing in all my actions that I could not
give him a reason for; that it was true I had let him come to bed to me,
which was supposed to be the greatest favour a woman could grant, but it
was evident, and he might see it, that as I was sensible of the
obligation I was under to him for saving me from the worst circumstance
it was possible for me to be brought to, I could deny him nothing; and
if I had had any greater favour to yield him I should have done it, that
of matrimony only excepted, and he could not but see that I loved him to
an extraordinary degree, in every part of my behaviour to him; but that
as to marrying, which was giving up my liberty, it was what once he knew
I had done, and he had seen how it had hurried me up and down in the
world and what it had exposed me to; that I had an aversion to it, and
desired he would not insist upon it; he might easily see I had no
aversion to him, and that if I was with child by him, he should see a
testimony of my kindness to the father, for that I would settle all I
had in the world upon the child.

He was mute a good while. At last says he, "Come, my dear, you are the
first woman in the world that ever lay with a man and then refused to
marry him, and therefore there must be some other reason for your
refusal; and I have therefore one other request, and that is, if I guess
at the true reason and remove the objection, will you then yield to me?"
I told him if he removed the objection I must needs comply, for I should
certainly do everything that I had no objection against.

"Why then, my dear, it must be that either you are already engaged and
married to some other man, or you are not willing to dispose of your
money to me, and expect to advance yourself higher with your fortune.
Now if it be the first of these, my mouth will be stopped, and I have no
more to say; but if it be the last, I am prepared effectually to remove
the objection and answer all you can say on that subject."

I took him up short at the first of these, telling him he must have base
thoughts of me indeed to think that I could yield to him in such a
manner as I had done, and continue it with so much freedom as he found I
did, if I had a husband or were engaged to any other man; and that he
might depend upon it, that was not my case, nor any part of my case.

"Why then," said he, "as to the other, I have an offer to make to you
that shall take off all the objection, viz. that I will not touch one
pistole of your estate more than shall be with your own voluntary
consent, neither now nor at any other time, but you shall settle it as
you please, for your life, and upon whom you shall please after your
death." That I should see he was able to maintain me without it, and
that it was not for that that he followed me from Paris.

I was indeed surprised at that part of his offer, and he might easily
perceive it. It was not only what I did not expect, but it was what I
knew not what answer to make to. He had indeed removed my principal
objection, nay, all my objections, and it was not possible for me to
give any answer; for if upon so generous an offer I should agree with
him, I then did as good as confess that it was upon the account of my
money that I refused him, and that though I could give up my virtue and
expose myself, yet I would not give up my money, which, though it was
true, yet was really too gross for me to acknowledge, and I could not
pretend to marry him upon that principle neither. Then as to having him,
and make over all my estate out of his hands, so as not to give him the
management of what I had, I thought it would be not only a little gothic
and inhuman, but would be always a foundation of unkindness between us
and render us suspected one to another. So that, upon the whole, I was
obliged to give a new turn to it and talk upon a kind of an elevated
strain which really was not in my thoughts at first at all; for I own,
as above, the divesting myself of my estate and putting my money out of
my hand was the sum of the matter that made me refuse to marry. But, I
say, I gave it a new turn upon this occasion, as follows:

I told him I had perhaps differing notions of matrimony from what the
received custom had given us of it; that I thought a woman was a free
agent as well as a man, and was born free, and, could she manage herself
suitably, might enjoy that liberty to as much purpose as the men do;
that the laws of matrimony were indeed otherwise, and mankind at this
time acted quite upon other principles; and those such, that a woman
gave herself entirely away from herself in marriage, and capitulated
only to be at best but an upper servant, and from the time she took the
man she was no better or worse than the servant among the Israelites who
had his ears bored, that is, nailed to the door-post, who by that act
gave himself up to be a servant during life.

That the very nature of the marriage contract was, in short, nothing but
giving up liberty, estate, authority, and everything to the man, and the
woman was indeed a mere woman ever after, that is to say, a slave.

He replied that though in some respects it was as I had said, yet I
ought to consider that as an equivalent to this the man had all the care
of things devolved upon him; that the weight of business lay upon his
shoulders, and as he had the trust, so he had the toil of life upon him,
his was the labour, his the anxiety of living; that the woman had
nothing to do but to eat the fat and drink the sweet, to sit still and
look round her, be waited on and made much of, be served and loved and
made easy, especially if the husband acted as became him; and that, in
general, the labour of the man was appointed to make the woman live
quiet and unconcerned in the world; that they had the name of subjection
without the thing, and if in inferior families they had the drudgery of
the house and care of the provisions upon them, yet they had indeed much
the easier part. For, in general, the women had only the care of
managing, that is, spending what their husbands get; and that a woman
had the name of subjection indeed, but that they generally commanded not
the men only, but all they had, managed all for themselves, and where
the man did his duty the woman's life was all ease and tranquillity, and
that she had nothing to do but to be easy and to make all that were
about her both easy and merry.

I returned that while a woman was single she was a masculine in her
politic capacity; that she had then the full command of what she had and
the full direction of what she did; that she was a man in her separated
capacity, to all intents and purposes that a man could be so to himself;
that she was controlled by none because accountable to none, and was in
subjection to none; so I sung these two lines of Mr. ----'s:

Oh! 'tis pleasant to be free, The sweetest miss is liberty.

I added that whoever the woman was that had an estate and would give it
up to be the slave of a great man, that woman was a fool, and must be
fit for nothing but a beggar; that it was my opinion a woman was as fit
to govern and enjoy her own estate without a man as a man was without a
woman, and that if she had a mind to gratify herself as to sexes, she
might entertain a man as a man does a mistress; that while she was thus
single she was her own, and if she gave away that power she merited to
be as miserable as it was possible that any creature could be.

All he could say could not answer the force of this as to argument; only
this, that the other way was the ordinary method that the world was
guided by; that he had reason to expect I should be content with that
which all the world was contented with; that he was of the opinion that
a sincere affection between a man and his wife answered all the
objections that I had made about the being a slave, a servant, and the
like; and where there was a mutual love there could be no bondage, but
that there was but one interest, one aim, one design, and all conspired
to make both very happy.

"Ay," said I, "that is the thing I complain of. The pretence of
affection takes from a woman everything that can be called herself; she
is to have no interest, no aim, no view, but all is the interest, aim,
and view of the husband. She is to be the passive creature you spoke
of," said I; "she is to lead a life of perfect indolence, and living by
faith (not in God, but) in her husband, she sinks or swims as he is
either fool or wise man, unhappy or prosperous, and in the middle of
what she thinks is her happiness and prosperity she is engulfed in
misery and beggary which she had not the least notice, knowledge, or
suspicion of. How often have I seen a woman living in all the splendour
that a plentiful fortune ought to allow her: with her coaches and
equipages, her family and rich furniture, her attendants and friends,
her visitors and good company, all about her to-day, to-morrow surprised
with disaster, turned out of all by a commission of bankrupt, stripped
to the clothes on her back; her jointure, suppose she had it, is
sacrificed to the creditors so long as her husband lived, and she turned
into the street and left to live on the charity of her friends, if she
has any, or follow the monarch her husband into the Mint, and live there
on the wreck of his fortunes till he is forced to run away from her,
even there; and then she sees her children starve, herself miserable,
breaks her heart, and cries herself to death. This," says I, "is the
state of many a lady that has had ten thousand pounds to her portion."

He did not know how feelingly I spoke this and what extremities I had
gone through of this kind; how near I was to the very last article
above, viz. crying myself to death, and how I really starved for almost
two years together.

But he shook his head and said, where had I lived, and what dreadful
families had I lived among that had frighted me into such terrible
apprehensions of things? That these things indeed might happen where men
ran into hazardous things in trade, and without prudence or due
consideration launched their fortunes in a degree beyond their strength,
grasping at adventures beyond their stocks, and the like; but that, as
he was started in the world, if I would embark with him, he had a
fortune equal with mine; that together we should have no occasion of
engaging in business any more, but that in any part of the world where I
had a mind to live, whether England, France, Holland, or where I would,
we might settle and live as happily as the world could make any one
live; that if I desired the management of our estate when put together,
if I would not trust him with mine, he would trust me with his; that we
would be upon one bottom, and I should steer. "Ay," says I, "you'll
allow me to steer, that is, hold the helm, but you'll conn the ship, as
they call it; that is, as at sea, a boy serves to stand at the helm, but
he that gives him the orders is pilot."

He laughed at my simile. "No," says he, "you shall be pilot, then, you
shall conn the ship." "Ay," says I, "as long as you please, but you can
take the helm out of my hand when you please and bid me go spin. It is
not you," says I, "that I suspect, but the law of matrimony puts the
power into your hands, bids you do it, commands you to command, and
binds me, forsooth, to obey. You, that are now upon even terms with me,
and I with you," says I, "are the next hour set up upon the throne, and
the humble wife placed at your footstool; all the rest, all that you
call oneness of interest, mutual auction, and the like, is courtesy and
kindness, then, and a woman is indeed infinitely obliged where she meets
with it, but can't help herself where it fails."

Well, he did not give it over yet, but came to the serious part, and
there he thought he should be too many for me. He first hinted that
marriage was decreed by Heaven, that it was the fixed state of life
which God had appointed for man's felicity and for establishing a legal
posterity, that there could be no legal claim of estates by inheritance
but by children born in wedlock, that all the rest was sunk under
scandal and illegitimacy; and very well he talked upon that subject

But it would not do; I took him short there. "Look you, sir," said I,
"you have an advantage of me there indeed, in my particular case, but it
would not be generous to make use of it. I readily grant that it were
better for me to have married you than to admit you to the liberty I
have given you, but as I could not reconcile my judgment to marriage for
the reasons above, and had kindness enough for you and obligation too
much on me to resist you, I suffered your rudeness and gave up my
virtue. But I have two things before me to heal up that breach of honour
without that desperate one of marriage, and those are, repentance for
what is past, and putting an end to it for time to come."

He seemed to be concerned to think that I should take him in that
manner. He assured me that I misunderstood him; that he had more
manners, as well as more kindness for me, and more justice than to
reproach me with what he had been the aggressor in and had surprised me
into; that what he spoke referred to my words above; that the woman, if
she thought fit, might entertain a man as the man did a mistress; and
that I seemed to mention that way of living as justifiable, and setting
it as a lawful thing and in the place of matrimony.

Well, we strained some compliments upon those points not worth
repeating, and I added I supposed when he got to bed to me he thought
himself sure of me; and indeed in the ordinary course of things, after
he had lain with me, he ought to think so; but that, upon the same foot
of argument which I had discoursed with him upon, it was just the
contrary, and when a woman had been weak enough to yield up the last
point before wedlock it would be adding one weakness to another to take
the man afterwards, to pin down the shame of it upon herself all the
days of her life, and bind herself to live all her time with the only
man that could upbraid her with it; that in yielding at first she must
be a fool, but to take the man is to be sure to be called fool; that to
resist a man is to act with courage and vigour and to cast off the
reproach which, in the course of things, drops out of knowledge and
dies. The man goes one way and the woman another, as fate and the
circumstances of living direct, and if they keep one another's counsel
the folly is heard no more of. "But to take the man," said I, "is the
most preposterous thing in nature, and (saving your presence) is to
befoul oneself and live always in the smell of it. No, no," added I,
"after a man has lain with me as a mistress he ought never to lie with
me as a wife; that's not only preserving the crime in memory, but it is
recording it in the family. If the woman marries the man afterwards she
bears the reproach of it to the last hour; if her husband is not a man
of a hundred thousand he some time or other upbraids her with it; if he
has children they fail not one way or other to hear of it; if the
children are virtuous they do their mother the justice to hate her for
it, if they are wicked they give her the mortification of doing the
like, and giving her for the example. On the other hand, if the man and
the woman part, there is an end of the crime, and an end of the clamour.
Time wears out the memory of it, or a woman may remove but a few streets
and she soon outlives it and hears no more of it."

He was confounded at this discourse and told me he could not say but I
was right in the main, that as to that part relating to managing
estates, it was arguing  la cavalier; it was in some sense right if the
women were able to carry it on so, but that in general the sex were not
capable of it, their heads were not turned for it, and they had better
choose a person capable and honest, that knew how to do them justice as
women as well as to love them, and that then the trouble was all taken
off their hands.

I told him it was a dear way of purchasing their ease, for very often
when the trouble was taken off their hands, so was their money too, and
that I thought it was far safer for the sex not to be afraid of the
trouble, but to be really afraid of their money; that if nobody was
trusted, nobody would be deceived, and the staff in their own hands was
the best security in the world.

He replied that I had started a new thing in the world; that however I
might support it by subtle reasoning, yet it was a way of arguing that
was contrary to the general practice, and that he confessed he was much
disappointed in it; that had he known I would have made such a use of it
he would never have attempted what he did, which he had no wicked design
in, resolving to make me reparation, and that he was very sorry he had
been so unhappy; that he was very sure he should never upbraid me with
it hereafter, and had so good an opinion of me as to believe I did not
suspect him; but seeing I was positive in refusing him, notwithstanding
what had passed, he had nothing to do but to secure me from reproach by
going back again to Paris, that so, according to my own way of arguing,
it might die out of memory, and I might never meet with it again to my

I was not pleased with this part at all, for I had no mind to let him go
neither, and yet I had no mind to give him such hold of me as he would
have had; and thus I was in a kind of suspense, irresolute, and doubtful
what course to take.

I was in the house with him, as I have observed, and I saw evidently
that he was preparing to go back to Paris, and particularly I found he
was remitting money to Paris, which was, as I understood afterwards, to
pay for some wines which he had given order to have bought for him at
Troyes in Champagne, and I knew not what course to take; and besides
that, I was very loath to part with him. I found also that I was with
child by him, which was what I had not yet told him of, and sometimes I
thought not to tell him of it at all; but I was in a strange place, and
had no acquaintance, though I had a great deal of substance, which
indeed, having no friends there, was the more dangerous to me.

This obliged me to take him one morning, when I saw him, as I thought, a
little anxious about his going and irresolute. Says I to him, "I fancy
you can hardly find in your heart to leave me now." "The more unkind is
it in you," said he, "severely unkind, to refuse a man that knows not
how to part with you."

"I am so far from being unkind to you," said I, "that I will go all over
the world with you, if you desire me, except to Paris, where you know I
can't go."

"It is a pity so much love," said he, "on both sides should ever

"Why then," said I, "do you go away from me?"

"Because," said he, "you won't take me."

"But if I won't take you," said I, "you may take me anywhere but to

He was very loath to go anywhere, he said, without me, but he must go to
Paris or to the East Indies.

I told him I did not use to court, but I durst venture myself to the
East Indies with him if there was a necessity of his going.

He told me, God be thanked, he was in no necessity of going anywhere,
but that he had a tempting invitation to go to the Indies.

I answered I would say nothing to that, but that I desired he would go
anywhere but to Paris, because there he knew I must not go.

He said he had no remedy but to go where I could not go, for he could
not bear to see me if he must not have me.

I told him that was the unkindest thing he could say of me, and that I
ought to take it very ill, seeing I knew how very well to oblige him to
stay without yielding to what he knew I could not yield to.

This amazed him, and he told me I was pleased to be mysterious, but that
he was sure it was in nobody's power to hinder him going if he resolved
upon it, except me, who had influence enough upon him to make him do

Yes, I told him, I could hinder him, because I knew he could no more do
an unkind thing by me than he could do an unjust one; and to put him out
of his pain, I told him I was with child.

He came to me and, taking me in his arms and kissing me a thousand times
almost, said, why would I be so unkind not to tell him that before?

I told him 'twas hard that, to have him stay, I should be forced do as
criminals do to avoid the gallows, plead my belly, and that I thought I
had given him testimonies enough of an affection equal to that of a
wife; if I had not only lain with him, been with child by him, shown
myself unwilling to part with him but offered to go to the East Indies
with him, and except one thing that I could not grant, what could he ask

He stood mute a good while, but afterwards told me he had a great deal
more to say if I could assure him that I would not take ill whatever
freedom he might use with me in his discourse.

I told him he might use any freedom in words with me, for a woman who
had given leave to such other freedoms as I had done, had left herself
no room to take anything ill, let it be what it would.

"Why then," he said, "I hope you believe, madam, I was born a Christian,
and that I have some sense of sacred things upon my mind. When I first
broke in upon my own virtue and assaulted yours, when I surprised and,
as it were, forced you to that which neither you intended nor I designed
but a few hours before, it was upon a presumption that you would
certainly marry me, if once I could go at length with you, and it was
with an honest resolution to make you my wife.

"But I have been surprised with such a denial that no woman in such
circumstances ever gave to a man, for certainly it was never known that
any woman refused to marry a man that had first lain with her, much less
a man that had gotten her with child. But you go upon different notions
from all the world, and though you reason upon it so strongly that a man
knows hardly what to answer, yet I must own there is something in it
shocking to nature, and something very unkind to yourself. But, above
all, it is unkind to the child that is yet unborn, who, if we marry,
will come into the world with advantage enough, but, if not, is ruined
before it is born, must bear the eternal reproach of what it is not
guilty of, must be branded from its cradle with a mark of infamy, be
loaded with the crimes and follies of its parents, and suffer for sins
that it never committed. This I take to be very hard and indeed cruel to
the poor infant not yet born, whom you cannot think of with any
patience, if you have the common affection of a mother, and not do that
for it which should at once place it on a level with the rest of the
world, and not leave it to curse its parents for what also we ought to
be ashamed of. I cannot, therefore," says he, "but beg and entreat you,
as you are a Christian and a mother, not to let the innocent lamb you go
with be ruined before it is born, and leave it to curse and reproach us
hereafter for what may be so easily avoided.

"Then, dear madam," said he with a world of tenderness (and I thought I
saw tears in his eyes), "allow me to repeat it, that I am a Christian,
and consequently I do not allow what I have rashly, and without due
consideration, done--I say I do not approve of it as lawful; and
therefore though I did, with a view I have mentioned, one unjustifiable
action, I cannot say that I could satisfy myself to live in a continual
practice of what in judgment we must both condemn. And though I love you
above all the women in the world, and have done enough to convince you
of it by resolving to marry you after what has passed between us, and by
offering to quit all pretensions to any part of your estate, so that I
should, as it were, take a wife after I had lain with her, and without a
farthing portion, which, as my circumstances are, I need not do--I say,
notwithstanding my affection to you, which is inexpressible, yet I
cannot give up soul as well as body, the interest of this world, and the
hopes of another; and you cannot call this my disrespect to you."

If ever any man in the world was truly valuable for the strictest
honesty of intention, this was the man, and if ever woman in her senses
rejected a man of merit on so trivial and frivolous a pretence, I was
the woman; but surely it was the most preposterous thing that ever woman

He would have taken me as a wife, but would not entertain me as a whore.
Was ever woman angry with any gentleman on that head? And was ever woman
so stupid to choose to be a whore where she might have been an honest
wife? But infatuations are next to being possessed of the devil. I was
inflexible, and pretended to argue upon the point of a woman's liberty,
as before, but he took me short, and with more warmth than he had yet
used with me, though with the utmost respect, replied, "Dear madam, you
argue for liberty at the same time that you restrain yourself from that
liberty which God and Nature has directed you to take, and, to supply
the deficiency, propose a vicious liberty which is neither honourable
nor religious. Will you propose liberty at the expense of modesty?"

I returned that he mistook me; I did not propose it, I only said that
those that could not be content without concerning the sexes in that
affair might do so indeed, might entertain a man as men do a mistress if
they thought fit; but he did not hear me say I would do so, and though
by what had passed he might well censure me in that part, yet he should
find for the future, that I should freely converse with him without any
inclination that way.

He told me he could not promise that for himself, and thought he ought
not to trust himself with the opportunity; for that, as he had failed
already, he was loath to lead himself into the temptation of offending
again, and that this was the true reason of his resolving to go back to
Paris; not that he could willingly leave me, and would be very far from
wanting my invitation, but if he could not stay upon terms that became
him, either as an honest man or a Christian, what could he do? And he
hoped, he said, I could not blame him that he was unwilling anything
that was to call him father should upbraid him with leaving him in the
world to be called bastard; adding that he was astonished to think how I
could satisfy myself to be so cruel to an innocent infant not yet born;
professed he could neither bear the thoughts of it, much less bear to
see it, and hoped I would not take it ill that he could not stay to see
me delivered, for that very reason.

I saw he spoke this with a disturbed mind and that it was with some
difficulty that he restrained his passion, so I declined any further
discourse upon it, only said I hoped he would consider of it. "Oh,
madam!" says he, "do not bid me consider, 'tis for you to consider." And
with that he went out of the room in a strange kind of confusion, as was
easy to be seen in his countenance.

If I had not been one of the foolishest, as well as wickedest creatures
upon earth, I could never have acted thus. I had one of the honestest,
completest gentlemen upon earth at my hand; he had in one sense saved my
life, but he had saved that life from ruin in a most remarkable manner.
He loved me even to distraction, and had come from Paris to Rotterdam on
purpose to seek me; he had offered me marriage even after I was with
child by him, and had offered to quit all his pretensions to my estate,
and give it up to my own management, having a plentiful estate of his
own. Here I might have settled myself out of the reach even of disaster
itself; his estate and mine would have purchased even then above two
thousand pounds a year, and I might have lived like a queen, nay, far
more happy than a queen; and which was above all, I had now an
opportunity to have quitted a life of crime and debauchery which I had
been given up to for several years, and to have sat down quiet in plenty
and honour, and to have set myself apart to the great work which I have
since seen so much necessity of and occasion for: I mean that of

But my measure of wickedness was not yet full. I continued obstinate
against matrimony, and yet I could not bear the thoughts of his going
away neither. As to the child, I was not very anxious about it; I told
him I would promise him that it should never come to him to upbraid him
with its being illegitimate; that if it was a boy I would breed it up
like the son of a gentleman and use it well for his sake. And after a
little more talk as this, and seeing him resolved to go, I retired, but
could not help letting him see the tears run down my cheeks. He came to
me and kissed me, entreated me, conjured me by the kindness he had shown
me in my distress; by the justice he had done me in my bills and money
affairs; by the respect which made him refuse a thousand pistoles from
me for his expenses with that traitor the Jew; by the pledge of our
misfortunes, so he called it, which I carried with me; and by all that
the sincerest affection could propose to do, that I would not drive him

But it would not do. I was stupid and senseless, deaf to all his
importunities, and continued so to the last; so we parted, only desiring
me to promise that I would write him word when I was delivered, and how
he might give me an answer. And this I engaged my word I would do; and
upon his desiring to be informed which way I intended to dispose of
myself, I told him I resolved to go directly to England and to London,
where I proposed to lie in; but since he resolved to leave me, I told
him I supposed it would be of no consequence to him what became of me.

He lay in his lodgings that night but went away early in the morning,
leaving me a letter in which he repeated all he had said; recommended
the care of the child, and desired of me that as he had remitted to me
the offer of a thousand pistoles which I would have given him for the
recompense of his charges and trouble with the Jew, and had given it me
back, so he desired I would allow him to oblige me to set apart that
thousand pistoles, with its improvement, for the child and for its
education; earnestly pressing me to secure that little portion for the
abandoned orphan when I should think fit, as he was sure I would, to
throw away the rest upon something as worthless as my sincere friend at
Paris. He concluded with moving me to reflect with the same regret as he
did on our follies we had committed together, asked me forgiveness for
being the aggressor in the fact, and forgave me everything, he said, but
the cruelty of refusing him, which he owned he could not forgive me so
heartily as he should do, because he was satisfied it was an injury to
myself, would be an introduction to my ruin, and that I would seriously
repent of it. He foretold some fatal things which he said he was well
assured I should fall into, and that at last I would be ruined by a bad
husband; bid me be the more wary, that I might render him a false
prophet, but to remember that if ever I came into distress I had a fast
friend at Paris, who would not upbraid me with the unkind things past,
but would be always ready to return me good for evil.

This letter stunned me. I could not think it possible for anyone that
had not dealt with the devil to write such a letter, for he spoke of
some particular things which afterwards were to befall me with such an
assurance that it frighted me beforehand; and when those things did come
to pass I was persuaded he had some more than human knowledge. In a
word, his advices to me to repent were very affectionate, his warnings
of evil to happen to me were very kind, and his promises of assistance
if I wanted him were so generous that I have seldom seen the like; and
though I did not at first set much by that part, because I looked upon
them as what might not happen and as what was improbable to happen at
that time, yet all the rest of his letter was so moving that it left me
very melancholy, and I cried four and twenty hours after, almost without
ceasing, about it. And yet, even all this while, whatever it was that
bewitched me, I had not one serious wish that I had taken him. I wished
heartily indeed that I could have kept him with me, but I had a mortal
aversion to marrying him, or indeed anybody else, but formed a thousand
wild notions in my head that I was yet gay enough and young and handsome
enough to please a man of quality, and that I would try my fortune at
London, come of it what would.

Chapter  14

THUS blinded by my own vanity, I threw away the only opportunity I then
had to have effectually settled my fortunes, and secured them for this
world; and I am a memorial to all that shall read my story, a standing
monument of the madness and distraction which pride and infatuations
from hell run us into; how ill our passions guide us, and how
dangerously we act when we follow the dictates of an ambitious mind.

I was rich, beautiful and agreeable, and not yet old. I had known
something of the influence I had had upon the fancies of men, even of
the highest rank; I never forgot that the Prince de ---- had said with
an ecstasy that I was the finest woman in France. I knew I could make a
figure at London, and how well I could grace that figure. I was not at a
loss how to behave; and having already been adored by princes, I thought
of nothing less than of being mistress to the King himself. But I go
back to my immediate circumstances at that time.

I got over the absence of my honest merchant but slowly at first. It was
with infinite regret that I let him go at all, and when I read the
letter he left I was quite confounded. As soon as he was out of call and
irrecoverable, I would have given half I had in the world for him back
again; my notions of things changed in an instant, and I called myself a
thousand fools for casting myself upon a life of scandal and hazard,
when after the shipwreck of virtue, honour, and principle, and sailing
at the utmost risk in the stormy seas of crime and abominable levity, I
had a safe harbour presented and no heart to cast anchor in it.

His predictions terrified me; his promises of kindness if I came to
distress melted me into tears, but frighted me with the apprehensions of
ever coming into such distress, and filled my head with a thousand
anxieties and thoughts, how it should be possible for me, who had now
such a fortune, to sink again into misery.

Then the dreadful scene of my life, when I was left with my five
children, etc., as I have related, represented itself again to me, and I
sat considering what measures I might take to bring myself to such a
state of desolation again, and how I should act to avoid it.

But these things wore off gradually. As to my friend the merchant, he
was gone, and gone irrecoverably, for I durst not follow him to Paris,
for the reasons mentioned above. Again, I was afraid to write to him to
return lest he should have refused, as I verily believed he would. So I
sat and cried intolerably for some days, nay, I may say, for some weeks;
but I say it wore off gradually, and as I had a great deal of business
for managing my effects, the hurry of that particular part served to
divert my thoughts, and in part to wear out the impressions which had
been made upon my mind.

I had sold my jewels, all but the fine diamond ring which my gentleman
the jeweller used to wear, and this at proper times I wore myself, as
also the diamond necklace which the Prince had given me, and a pair of
extraordinary ear-rings, worth about 600 pistoles; the other, which was
a fine casket, he left with me at his going to Versailles, and a small
case with some rubies and emeralds, etc.--I say I sold them at The Hague
for 7,600 pistoles. I had received all the bills which the merchant had
helped me to at Paris, and with the money I brought with me they made up
13,900 pistoles more; so that I had in ready money, and in account in
the bank at Amsterdam, above 21,000 pistoles, besides jewels; and how to
get this treasure to England was my next care.

The business I had had now with a great many people for receiving such
large sums and selling jewels of such considerable value gave me
opportunity to know and converse with several of the best merchants of
the place, so that I wanted no direction now how to get my money
remitted to England. Applying therefore to several merchants, that I
might neither risk it all on the credit of one merchant nor suffer any
single man to know the quantity of money I had--I say, applying myself to
several merchants, I got bills of exchange payable in London for all my
money. The first bills I took with me, the second bills I left in trust
(in case of any disaster at sea) in the hands of the first merchant, him
to whom I was recommended by my friend from Paris.

Having thus spent nine months in Holland, refused the best offer ever
woman in my circumstances had, parted unkindly and indeed barbarously
with the best friend and honestest man in the world, got all my money in
my pocket and a bastard in my belly, I took shipping at the Briel, in
the packet-boat, and arrived safe at Harwich, where my woman Amy was
come, by my direction, to meet me.

I would willingly have given ten thousand pounds of my money to have
been rid of the burthen I had in my belly, as above; but it could not
be, so I was obliged to bear with that part and get rid of it by the
ordinary method of patience and a hard travail.

I was above the contemptible usage that women in my circumstances
oftentimes meet with. I had considered all that beforehand; and having
sent Amy beforehand and remitted her money to do it, she had taken me a
very handsome house in ---- Street near Charing Cross, had hired me two
maids and a footman, whom she had put in a good livery, and having hired
a glass coach and four horses she came with them and the manservant to
Harwich to meet me, and had been there near a week before I came. So I
had nothing to do but to go away to London to my own house, where I
arrived in very good health, and where I passed for a French lady by the
title of ----.

My first business was to get all my bills accepted, which, to cut the
story short, was all both accepted and currently paid; and I then
resolved to take me a country lodging somewhere near the town to be
incognito till I was brought to bed, which, appearing in such a figure
and having such an equipage, I easily managed without anybody's offering
the usual insults of parish enquiries. I did not appear in my new house
for some time, and afterwards I thought fit, for particular reasons, to
quit that house and not come to it at all, but take handsome large
apartments in the Pall Mall, in a house out of which was a private door
into the King's garden, by the permission of the chief gardener, who had
lived in the house.

I had now all my effects secured; but my money being my great concern at
that time, I found it a difficulty how to dispose of it so as to bring
me in an annual interest. However, in some time I got a substantial safe
mortgage for 14,000 by the assistance of the famous Sir Robert Clayton,
for which I had an estate of 1,800 a year bound to me, and had 700 per
annum interest for it.

This with some other securities made me a very handsome estate of above
1,000 a year, enough, one would think, to keep any woman in England
from being a whore.

I lay in at ----, about four miles from London, and brought a fine boy
into the world, and, according to my promise, sent an account of it to
my friend at Paris, the father of it, and in the letter told him how
sorry I was for his going away, and did as good as intimate that if he
would come once more to see me I should use him better than I had done.
He gave me a very kind and obliging answer, but took not the least
notice of what I had said of his coming over, so I found my interest
lost there for ever. He gave me joy of the child and hinted that he
hoped I would make good what he had begged for the poor infant, as I had
promised; and I sent him word again that I would fulfil his order to a
tittle; and such a fool, and so weak I was in this last letter,
notwithstanding what I have said of his not taking notice of my
invitation as to ask his pardon almost for the usage I gave him at
Rotterdam, and stooped so low as to expostulate with him for not taking
notice of my inviting him to come to me again as I had done; and which
was still more, went so far as to make a second sort of an offer to him,
telling him almost in plain words that if he would come over now I would
have him. But he never gave me the least reply to it at all, which was
as absolute a denial to me as he was ever able to give. So I sat down, I
cannot say contented, but vexed heartily that I had made the offer at
all; for he had, as I may say, his full revenge of me, in scorning to
answer, and to let me twice ask that of him which he with so much
importunity begged of me before.

I was now up again, and soon came to my city lodgings in the Pall Mall,
and here I began to make a figure suitable to my estate, which was very
great; and I shall give you an account of my equipage in a few words,
and of myself too.

I paid 60 a year for my near apartments, for I took them by the year;
but then, they were handsome lodgings indeed, and very richly furnished.
I kept my own servants to clean and look after them, found my own
kitchen-ware and firing. My equipage was handsome, but not very great; I
had a coach, a coachman, a footman, my woman Amy, whom I now dressed
like a gentlewoman and made her my companion, and three maids. And thus
I lived for a time. I dressed to the height of every mode, went
extremely rich in clothes, and as for jewels, I wanted none. I gave a
very good livery laced with silver, and as rich as anybody below the
nobility could be seen with. And thus I appeared, leaving the world to
guess who or what I was, without offering to put myself forward.

I walked sometimes in the Mall with my woman Amy, but I kept no company
and made no acquaintances, only made as gay a show as I was able to do,
and that upon all occasions. I found, however, the world was not
altogether so unconcerned about me as I seemed to be about them; and
first, I understood that the neighbours began to be mighty inquisitive
about me, as who I was and what my circumstances were.

Amy was the only person who could answer their curiosity or give any
account of me, and she, a tattling woman and a true gossip, took care to
do that with all the art that she was mistress of. She let them know
that I was the widow of a person of quality in France, that I was very
rich, that I came over hither to look after an estate that fell to me by
some of my relations who died here, that I was worth 40,000 all in my
own hands, and the like.

This was all wrong in Amy, and in me too, though we did not see it at
first, for this recommended me indeed to those sort of gentlemen they
call fortune-hunters, and who always besieged ladies, as they called it,
on purpose to take them prisoners, as I called it; that is to say, to
marry the women and have the spending of their money. But if I was wrong
in refusing the honourable proposals of the Dutch merchant, who offered
me the disposal of my whole estate and had as much of his own to
maintain me with, I was right now in refusing those offers which came
generally from gentlemen of good families and good estates, but who,
living to the extent of them, were always needy and necessitous, and
wanted a sum of money to make themselves easy, as they call it--that is
to say, to pay off incumbrances, sisters' portions, and the like--and
then the woman is prisoner for life and may live as they please to give
her leave. This life I had seen into clearly enough, and therefore I was
not to be caught that way. However, as I said, the reputation of my
money brought several of those sort of gentry about me, and they found
means, by one stratagem or other, to get access to my ladyship; but, in
short, I answered them all well enough, that I lived single and was
happy, that as I had no occasion to change my condition for an estate,
so I did not see that by the best offer that any of them could make me,
I could mend my fortune; that I might be honoured with titles indeed,
and in time rank on public occasions with the peeresses--I mention that
because one that offered at me was the eldest son of a peer--but that I
was as well without the title as long as I had the estate; and while I
had 2,000 a year of my own, I was happier than I could be in being
prisoner of state to a nobleman, for I took the ladies of that rank to
be little better.

As I have mentioned Sir Robert Clayton, with whom I had the good fortune
to become acquainted on account of the mortgage which he helped me to,
it is necessary to take notice that I had much advantage in my ordinary
affairs by his advice, and therefore I call it my good fortune. For as
he paid me so considerable an annual income as 700 a year, so I am to
acknowledge myself much a debtor, not only to the justice of his
dealings with me, but to the prudence and conduct which he guided me to,
by his advice, for the management of my estate; and as he found I was
not inclined to marry, he frequently took occasion to hint how soon I
might raise my fortune to a prodigious height, if I would but order my
family economy so far within my revenue as to lay up every year
something to add to the capital.

I was convinced of the truth of what he said, and agreed to the
advantages of it. You are to take it as you go that Sir Robert supposed
by my own discourse, and especially by my woman Amy, that I had 2,000 a
year income. He judged, as he said, by my way of living, that I could
not spend above 1,000; and so, he added, I might prudently lay by
1,000 every year to add to the capital, and by adding every year the
additional interest or income of the money to the capital, he proved to
me that in ten years I should double the 1,000 per annum that I laid
by. And he drew me out a table, as he called it, of the increase, for me
to judge by; and by which, he said, if the gentlemen of England would
but act so, every family of them would increase their fortunes to a
great degree, just as merchants do by trade; whereas now, says Sir
Robert, by the humour of living up to the extent of their fortunes, and
rather beyond, the gentlemen, says he, ay, and the nobility too, are,
almost all of them, borrowers, and all in necessitous circumstances.

As Sir Robert frequently visited me and was (if I may say so from his
own mouth) very well pleased with my way of conversing with him, for he
knew nothing nor so much as guessed at what I had been--I say, as he came
often to see me, so he always entertained me with this scheme of
frugality. And one time he brought another paper, wherein he showed me
much to the same purpose as the former, to what degree I should increase
my estate if I would come into his method of contracting my expenses;
and by this scheme of his, it appeared, that laying up 1,000 a year,
and every year adding the interest to it, I should in twelve years' time
have in bank 21,058; after which, I might lay up 2,000 a year.

I objected that I was a young woman, that I had been used to live
plentifully and with a good appearance, and that I knew not how to be a

He told me that if I thought I had enough, it was well, but if I desired
to have more, this was the way; that in another twelve years I should be
too rich, so that I should not know what to do with it.

"Ay, sir," says I, "you are contriving how to make me a rich old woman,
but that won't answer my end; I had rather have 20,000 now than 60,000
when I am fifty years old."

"Then, madam," says he, "I suppose your honour has no children?"

"None, Sir Robert," said I, "but what are provided for "; so I left him
in the dark as much as I found him. However, I considered his scheme
very well, though I said no more to him at that time, and I resolved,
though I would make a very good figure--I say, I resolved to abate a
little of my expense and draw in, live closer, and save something, if
not so much as he proposed to me. It was near the end of the year that
Sir Robert made this proposal to me, and when the year was up I went to
his house in the city, and there I told him I came to thank him for his
scheme of frugality, that I had been studying much upon it, and though I
had not been able to mortify myself so much as to lay up 1,000 a year,
yet as I had not come to him for my interest half-yearly, as was usual,
I was now come to let him know that I had resolved to lay up that 700 a
year and never use a penny of it, desiring him to help me to put it out
to advantage.

Sir Robert, a man thoroughly versed in arts of improving money, but
thoroughly honest, said to me, "Madam, I am glad you approve of the
method that I proposed to you, but you have begun wrong. You should have
come for your interest at the half-year, and then you had had the money
to put out; now you have lost half a year's interest of 350, which is
9," for I had but 5 per cent. on the mortgage.

"Well, well, sir," says I, "can you put this out for me now?"

"Let it lie, madam," says he, "till the next year, and then I'll put out
your 1,400 together, and in the meantime I'll pay you interest for the
700." So he gave me his bill for the money, which he told me should be
no less than 6 per cent.--Sir Robert Clayton's bill was what nobody would
refuse--so I thanked him and let it lie, and next year I did the same,
and the third year Sir Robert got me a good mortgage for 2,200 at 6 per
cent. interest. So I had 132 a year added to my income, which was a
very satisfying article.

But I return to my history. As I have said, I found that my measures
were all wrong; the posture I set up in exposed me to innumerable
visitors of the kind I have mentioned above. I was cried up for a vast
fortune, and one that Sir Robert Clayton managed for; and Sir Robert
Clayton was courted for me as much as I was for myself. But I had given
Sir Robert his cue. I had told him my opinion of matrimony in just the
same terms as I had done my merchant, and he came into it presently. He
owned that my observation was just, and that if I valued my liberty, as
I knew my fortune and that it was in my own hands, I was to blame if I
gave it away to any one.

But Sir Robert knew nothing of my design, that I aimed at being a kept
mistress and to have a handsome maintenance, and that I was still for
getting money, and laying it up too, as much as he could desire me, only
by a worse way.

However, Sir Robert came seriously to me one day and told me he had an
offer of matrimony to make to me that was beyond all that he had heard
had offered themselves, and this was a merchant. Sir Robert and I agreed
exactly in our notions of a merchant. Sir Robert said, and I found it to
be true, that a true-bred merchant is the best gentleman in the nation;
that in knowledge, in manners, in judgment of things, the merchant
outdid many of the nobility; that having once mastered the world and
being above the demand of business, though no real estate, they were
then superior to most gentlemen even in estate; that a merchant in flush
business and a capital stock is able to spend more money than a
gentleman of 5,000 a year estate; that while a merchant spent, he only
spent what he got, and not that, and that he laid up great sums every

That an estate is a pond, but that a trade was a spring; that if the
first is once mortgaged it seldom gets clear, but embarrasses the person
for ever; but the merchant had his estate continually flowing; and upon
this he named me merchants who lived in more real splendour and spent
more money than most of the noblemen in England could singly expend, and
that they still grew immensely rich.

He went on to tell me that even the tradesmen in London, speaking of the
better sort of trades, could spend more money in their families and yet
give better fortunes to their children than, generally speaking, the
gentry of England from 1,000 a year downward could do, and yet grow
rich too.

The upshot of all this was to recommend to me rather the bestowing my
fortune upon some eminent merchant who lived already in the first figure
of a merchant, and who, not being in want or scarcity of money, but
having a flourishing business and a flowing cash, would at the first
word settle all my fortune on myself and children and maintain me like a

This was certainly right, and had I taken his advice I had been really
happy; but my heart was bent upon an independency of fortune, and I told
him I knew no state of matrimony but what was at best a state of
inferiority, if not of bondage; that I had no notion of it, that I lived
a life of absolute liberty now, was free as I was born, and, having a
plentiful fortune, I did not understand what coherence the words Honour
and Obey had with the liberty of a free woman; that I knew no reason the
men had to engross the whole liberty of the race and make the women,
notwithstanding any disparity of fortune, be subject to the laws of
marriage of their own making; that it was my misfortune to be a woman,
but I was resolved it should not be made worse by the sex, and seeing
liberty seemed to be the men's property, I would be a man-woman; for as
I was born free, I would die so.

Sir Robert smiled, and told me I talked a kind of amazonian language;
that he found few women of my mind, or that if they were, they wanted
resolution to go on with it; that notwithstanding all my notions, which
he could not but say had once some weight in them, yet he understood I
had broken in upon them and had been married. I answered I had so, but
he did not hear me say that I had any encouragement from what was past
to make a second venture; that I was got well out of the toil, and if I
came in again I should have nobody to blame but myself.

Sir Robert laughed heartily at me but gave over offering any more
arguments, only told me he had pointed me out for some of the best
merchants in London, but since I forbade him, he would give me no
disturbance of that kind. He applauded my way of managing my money, and
told me I should soon be monstrous rich; but he neither knew nor
mistrusted that with all this wealth I was yet a whore, and was not
averse to adding to my estate at the further expense of my virtue.

Chapter  15

But to go on with my story as to my way of living. I found, as above,
that my living as I did would not answer; that it only brought the
fortune-hunters and bites about me, as I have said before, to make a
prey of me and my money; and, in short, I was harassed with lovers,
beaux, and fops of quality in abundance. But it would not do; I aimed at
other things, and was possessed with so vain an opinion of my own
beauty, that nothing less than the King himself was in my eye; and this
vanity was raised by some words let fall by a person I conversed with,
who was perhaps likely enough to have brought such a thing to pass had
it been sooner, but that game began to be pretty well over at Court.
However, the having mentioned such a thing, it seems, a little too
publicly, it brought abundance of people about me, upon a wicked account

And now I began to act in a new sphere. The Court was exceeding gay and
fine, though fuller of men than of women, the Queen not affecting to be
very much in public. On the other hand, it is no slander upon the
courtiers to say they were as wicked as anybody in reason could desire
them. The King had several mistresses, who were prodigious fine, and
there was a glorious show on that side indeed. If the Sovereign gave
himself a loose, it could not be expected the rest of the Court should
be all saints; so far was it from that, though I would not make it worse
than it was, that a woman that had anything agreeable in her appearance
could never want followers.

I soon found myself thronged with admirers, and I received visits from
some persons of very great figure, who always introduced themselves by
the help of an old lady or two who were now become my intimates; and one
of them, I understood afterwards, was set to work on purpose to get into
my favour, in order to introduce what followed.

The conversation we had was generally courtly but civil. At length some
gentlemen proposed to play, and made what they called a party. This, it
seems, was a contrivance of one of my female hangers-on, for, as I said,
I had two of them, who thought this was the way to introduce people as
often as she pleased, and so indeed it was. They played high and stayed
late, but begged my pardon, only asked leave to make an appointment for
the next night. I was as gay and as well pleased as any of them, and one
night told one of the gentlemen, my Lord ----, that seeing they were
doing me the honour of diverting themselves at my apartment, and desired
to be there sometimes, I did not keep a gaming table, but I would give
them a little ball the next day if they pleased, which they accepted
very willingly.

Accordingly in the evening the gentlemen began to come, where I let them
see that I understood very well what such things meant. I had a large
dining-room in my apartments, with five other rooms on the same floor,
all which I made drawing-rooms for the occasion, having all the beds
taken down for the day. In three of these I had tables placed, covered
with wine and sweetmeats; the fourth had a green table for play, and the
fifth was my own room, where I sat and where I received all the company
that came to pay their compliments to me. I was dressed, you may be
sure, to all the advantage possible, and had all the jewels on that I
was mistress of. My Lord ----, to whom I had made the invitation, sent
me a set of fine music from the playhouse, and the ladies danced and we
began to be very merry, when about eleven o'clock I had notice given me
that there were some gentlemen coming in masquerade.

I seemed a little surprised and began to apprehend some disturbance,
when my Lord ----, perceiving it, spoke to me to be easy, for that there
was a party of the Guards at the door which should be ready to prevent
any rudeness; and another gentleman gave me a hint as if the King was
among the masks. I coloured as red as blood itself could make a face
look, and expressed a great surprise. However, there was no going back,
so I kept my station in my drawing-room, but with the folding-doors wide

A while after the masks came in and began with a dance  la comique,
performing wonderfully indeed. While they were dancing I withdrew, and
left a lady to answer for me that I would return immediately. In less
than half an hour I returned, dressed in the habit of a Turkish
princess, the habit I got at Leghorn when my foreign Prince bought me a
Turkish slave, as I have said--the Maltese man-of-war had, it seems,
taken a Turkish vessel going from Constantinople to Alexandria, in which
were some ladies bound for Grand Cairo in Egypt, and as the ladies were
made slaves, so their fine clothes were thus exposed--and with this
Turkish slave I bought the rich clothes too. The dress was extraordinary
fine indeed, I had bought it as a curiosity, having never seen the like;
the robe was a fine Persian or Indian damask, the ground white and the
flowers blue and gold, and the train held five yards; the dress under it
was a vest of the same, embroidered with gold, and set with some pearls
in the work and some turquoise stones; to the vest was a girdle five or
six inches wide, after the Turkish mode, and on both ends where it
joined or hooked was set with diamonds for eight inches either way, only
they were not true diamonds, but nobody knew that but myself.

The turban or head-dress had a pinnacle on the top, but not above five
inches, with a piece of loose sarcenet hanging from it, and on the
front, just over the forehead, was a good jewel, which I had added to

This habit, as above, cost me about sixty pistoles in Italy, but cost
much more in the country from whence it came; and little did I think
when I bought it that I should put it to such a use as this, though I
had dressed myself in it many times by the help of my little Turk, and
afterwards between Amy and I, only to see how I looked in it. I had sent
her up before to get it ready, and when I came up I had nothing to do
but slip it on, and was down in my drawing-room in a little more than a
quarter of an hour. When I came there the room was full of company, but
I ordered the folding-doors to be shut for a minute or two, till I had
received the compliments of the ladies that were in the room, and had
given them a full view of my dress.

But my Lord ----, who happened to be in the room, slipped out at another
door and brought back with him one of the masks, a tall well-shaped
person, but who had no name, being all masked, nor would it have been
allowed to ask any person's name on such an occasion. The person spoke
in French to me that it was the finest dress he had ever seen, and asked
me if he should have the honour to dance with me. I bowed, as giving my
consent, but said as I had been a Mohammedan I could not dance after the
manner of this country; I supposed their music would not play  la
moresque. He answered merrily I had a Christian's face, and he'd venture
it that I could dance like a Christian, adding that so much beauty could
not be Mohammedan. Immediately the folding-doors were flung open, and he
led me into the room. The company were under the greatest surprise
imaginable, the very music stopped awhile to gaze; for the dress was
indeed exceedingly surprising, perfectly new, very agreeable, and
wonderful rich.

The gentleman, whoever he was, for I never knew, led me only a courant,
and then asked me if I had a mind to dance an antic, that is to say,
whether I would dance the antic as they had danced in masquerade, or
anything by myself. I told him anything else rather, if he pleased; so
we danced only two French dances, and he led me to the drawing-room
door, when he retired to the rest of the masks. When he left me at the
drawing-room door I did not go in, as he thought I would have done, but
turned about and showed myself to the whole room, and, calling my woman
to me, gave her some directions to the music, by which the company
presently understood that I would give them a dance by myself.
Immediately all the house rose up and paid me a kind of a compliment by
removing back every way to make me room, for the place was exceeding
full. The music did not at first hit the tune that I directed, which was
a French tune, so I was forced to send my woman to them again, standing
all this while at my drawing-room door; but as soon as my woman spoke to
them again they played it right, and I, to let them see it was so,
stepped forward to the middle of the room. Then they began it again, and
I danced by myself a figure which I learnt in France when the Prince de
---- desired I would dance for his diversion. It was indeed a very fine
figure, invented by a famous master at Paris, for a lady or a gentleman
to dance single, but being perfectly new it pleased the company
exceedingly, and they all thought it had been Turkish; nay, one
gentleman had the folly to expose himself so much as to say, and I think
swore too, that he had seen it danced at Constantinople; which was
ridiculous enough.

At the finishing the dance the company clapped and almost shouted; and
one of the gentlemen cried out, Roxana! Roxana! by ----, with an oath,
upon which foolish accident I had the name of Roxana presently fixed
upon me all over the Court end of town as effectually as if I had been
christened Roxana. I had, it seems, the felicity of pleasing everybody
that night to an extreme, and my ball, but especially my dress, was the
chat of the town for that week, and so the name Roxana was the toast at
and about the Court; no other health was to be named with it.

Now things began to work as I would have them, and I began to be very
popular as much as I could desire. The ball held till (as well as I was
pleased with the show) I was sick of the night; the gentlemen masked
went off about three o'clock in the morning, the other gentlemen sat
down to play; the music held it out, and some of the ladies were dancing
at six in the morning.

But I was mighty eager to know who it was danced with me. Some of the
lords went so far as to tell me I was very much honoured in my company.
One of them spoke so broad as almost to say it was the King, but I was
convinced afterwards it was not; and another replied if he had been His
Majesty he should have thought it no dishonour to lead up a Roxana. But
to this hour I never knew positively who it was, and by his behaviour I
thought he was too young, His Majesty being at that time in an age that
might be discovered from a young person even in his dancing.

Be that as it would, I had 500 guineas sent me the next morning, and the
messenger was ordered to tell me that the persons who sent it desired a
ball again at my lodgings on the next Tuesday, but that they would have
my leave to give the entertainment themselves. I was mighty well pleased
with this, to be sure, but very inquisitive to know who the money came
from; but the messenger was silent as death as to that point, and,
bowing always at my enquiries, begged me to ask no questions which he
could not give an obliging answer to.

I forgot to mention that the gentlemen that played gave a hundred
guineas to the box, as they called it, and at the end of their play they
asked my gentlewoman of the bedchamber, as they called her (Mrs. Amy,
forsooth), and gave it her, and gave twenty guineas more among the

These magnificent doings equally both pleased and surprised me, and I
hardly knew where I was; but especially that notion of the King being
the person that danced with me puffed me up to that degree, that I not
only did not know anybody else, but indeed was very far from knowing

I had now the next Tuesday to provide for the like company, but, alas!
it was all taken out of my hand. Three gentlemen, who yet were, it
seems, but servants, came on the Saturday, and bringing sufficient
testimonies that they were right, for one was the same who brought the
500 guineas--I say three of them came and brought bottles of all sorts of
wines and hampers of sweetmeats to such a quantity, it appeared they
designed to hold the trade on more than once, and that they would
furnish everything to a profusion.

However, as I found a deficiency in two things, I made provision of
about twelve dozen of fine damask napkins, with table-cloths of the
same, sufficient to cover all the tables, with three table-cloths upon
every table, and sideboards in proportion. Also, I bought a handsome
quantity of plate, necessary to have served all the sideboards, but the
gentlemen would not suffer any of it to be used, telling me they had
brought fine china dishes and plates for the whole service, and that in
such public places they could not be answerable for the plate; so it was
set all up in a large glass cupboard in the room I sat in, where it made
a very good show indeed.

On Tuesday there came such an appearance of gentlemen and ladies that my
apartments were by no means able to receive them, and those who in
particular appeared as principals gave order below to let no more
company come up. The street was full of coaches with coronets, and fine
glass chairs; and, in short, it was impossible to receive the company. I
kept my little room, as before, and the dancers filled the great room;
all the drawing-rooms also were filled, and three rooms below-stairs
which were not mine.

It was very well that there was a strong party of the Guards brought to
keep the door, for without that there had been such a promiscuous crowd,
and some of them scandalous too, that we should have been all disorder
and confusion; but the three head servants managed all that, and had a
word to admit all the company by.

It was uncertain to me, and is to this day, who it was that danced with
me the Wednesday before, when the ball was my own; but that the King was
at this assembly was out of question with me, by circumstances that I
suppose I could not be deceived in, and particularly that there were
five persons who were not masked, three of them had blue garters, and
they appeared not to me till I came out to dance.

This meeting was managed just as the first, though with much more
magnificence because of the company. I placed myself (exceedingly rich
in clothes and jewels) in the middle of my little room, as before, and
made my compliments to all the company as they passed me, as I did
before; but my Lord ----, who had spoken openly to me the first night,
came to me and, unmasking, told me the company had ordered him to tell
me they hoped they should see me in the dress I had appeared in the
first day, which had been so acceptable that it had been the occasion of
this new meeting. "And, madam," says he, "there are some in this
assembly whom it is worth your while to oblige."

I bowed to my Lord ---- and immediately withdrew. While I was above,
a-dressing in my new habit, two ladies, perfectly unknown to me, were
conveyed into my apartment below, by the order of a noble person who,
with his family, had been in Persia; and here indeed I thought I should
have been outdone, or perhaps balked.

One of these ladies was dressed most exquisitely fine indeed, in the
habit of a virgin lady of quality of Georgia, and the other in the same
habit of Armenia, with each of them a woman slave to attend them.

The ladies had their petticoats short to their ankles, but pleated all
round, and before them short aprons, but of the finest point that could
be seen; their gowns were made with long antique sleeves hanging down
behind, and a train let down; they had no jewels, but their heads and
breasts were dressed up with flowers, and they both came in veiled.

Their slaves were bareheaded, but their long black hair was braided in
locks hanging down behind to their waists, and tied up with ribbons;
they were dressed exceedingly rich, and were as beautiful as their
mistresses, for none of them had any masks on. They waited in my room
till I came down, and all paid their respects to me after the Persian
manner, and sat down on a safra, that is to say, almost cross-legged on
a couch made up of cushions laid on the ground.

This was admirably fine, and I was indeed startled at it. They made
their compliments to me in French and I replied in the same language.
When the doors were opened they walked into the dancing-room, and danced
such a dance as indeed nobody there had ever seen, and to an instrument
like a guitar with a small low-sounding trumpet, which indeed was very
fine, and which my Lord ---- had provided.

They danced three times all alone, for nobody indeed could dance with
them. The novelty pleased truly, but yet there was something wild and
bizarre in it, because they really acted to the life the barbarous
country whence they came; but as mine had the French behaviour under the
Mohammedan dress, it was every way as new, and pleased much better

As soon as they had shown their Georgian and Armenian shapes, and
danced, as I have said, three times, they withdrew, paid their
compliments to me (for I was Queen of the day), and went off to undress.

Some gentlemen then danced with ladies all in masks, and when they
stopped nobody rose up to dance, but all called out, Roxana! Roxana! In
the interval my Lord ---- had brought another masked person into my
room, whom I knew not, only that I could discern it was not the same
person that led me out before. This noble person (for I afterwards
understood it was the Duke of ----) after a short compliment led me out
into the middle of the room.

I was dressed in the same vest and girdle as before, but the robe had a
mantle over it, which is usual in the Turkish habit, and it was of
crimson and green, the green brocaded with gold; and my Tyhiaai, or
head-dress, varied a little from that I had before, as it stood higher
and had some jewels about the rising part, which made it look like a
turban crowned.

I had no mask, neither did I paint, and yet I had the day of all the
ladies that appeared at the ball, I mean of those that appeared with
faces on; as for those masked, nothing could be said of them, no doubt
there might be many finer than I was. It must be confessed that the
habit was infinitely advantageous to me, and everybody looked at me with
a kind of pleasure, which gave me great advantage too.

After I had danced with that noble person I did not offer to dance by
myself, as I had before; but they all called out Roxana! again, and two
of the gentlemen came into the drawing-room to entreat me to give them
the Turkish dance, which I yielded to readily; so I came out and danced
just as at first.

While I was dancing I perceived five persons standing all together, and
among them one only with his hat on; it was an immediate hint to me who
it was, and had at first almost put me into some disorder; but I went
on, received the applause of the house, as before, and retired into my
own room. When I was there the five gentlemen came across the room to my
side, and coming in, followed by a throng of great persons, the person
with his hat on said, "Madam Roxana, you perform to admiration." I was
prepared, and offered to kneel to kiss his hand, but he declined it and
saluted me, and so, passing back again through the great room, went

I do not say here who this was, but I say I came afterwards to know
something more plainly. I would have withdrawn and disrobed, being
somewhat too thin in that dress, unlaced and open-breasted as if I had
been in my shift, but it could not be, and I was obliged to dance
afterwards with six or eight gentlemen, most, if not all of them, of the
first rank; and I was told afterwards that one of them was the D---- of

About two or three o'clock in the morning the company began to decrease,
the number of women especially dropped away home, some and some at a
time, and the gentlemen retired downstairs, where they unmasked and went
to play.

Amy waited at the room where they played, sat up all night to attend
them; and in the morning, when they broke up, they swept the box into
her lap, when she counted out to me sixty-two guineas and a half; and
the other servants got very well too. Amy came to me when they were all
gone. "Law, madam!" says Amy with a long gaping cry, "what shall I do
with all this money?" And indeed the poor creature was half mad with

Chapter  16

I was now in my element. I was as much talked of as anybody could
desire, and I did not doubt but some thing or other would come of it,
but the report of my being so rich rather was a balk to my view than
anything else; for the gentlemen, that would perhaps have been
troublesome enough otherwise, seemed to be kept off, for Roxana was too
high for them.

There is a scene which came in here which I must cover from human eyes
or ears. For three years and about a month Roxana lived retired, having
been obliged to make an excursion in a manner and with a person which
duty and private vows oblige her not to reveal, at least not yet.

At the end of this time I appeared again, but I must add that as I had
in this time of retreat made hay, etc., so I did not come abroad again
with the same lustre or shine with so much advantage as before; for as
some people had got at least a suspicion of where I had been and who had
had me all the while, it began to be public that Roxana was, in short, a
mere Roxana, neither better nor worse, and not that woman of honour and
virtue that was at first supposed.

You are now to suppose me about seven years come to town, and that I had
not only suffered the old revenue, which I hinted was managed by Sir
Robert Clayton, to grow, as was mentioned before, but I had laid up an
incredible wealth, the time considered. And had I yet had the least
thought of reforming, I had all the opportunity to do it with advantage
that ever woman had, for the common vice of all whores, I mean money,
was out of the question, nay, even avarice itself seemed to be glutted;
for, including what I had saved in reserving the interest of 14,000,
which, as above, I had left to grow, and including some very good
presents I had made to me in mere compliment upon these shining
masquerading meetings, which I held up for about two years, and what I
made of three years of the most glorious retreat, as I call it, that
ever woman had, I had fully doubled my first substance, and had near
5,000 in money which I kept at home, besides abundance of plate and
jewels which I had either given me or had bought to set myself out for
public days.

In a word, I had now 35,000 estate, and as I found ways to live without
wasting either principal or interest, I laid up 2,000 every year at
least, out of the mere interest, adding it to the principal; and thus I
went on.

After the end of what I may call my retreat, and out of which I brought
a great deal of money, I appeared again, but I seemed like an old piece
of plate that has been hoarded up some years and comes out tarnished and
discoloured. So I came out blown and looked like a cast-off mistress,
nor indeed was I any better, though I was not at all impaired in beauty,
except that I was a little fatter than I was formerly, and always
granting that I was four years older.

However, I preserved the youth of my temper, was always bright, pleasant
in company, and agreeable to everybody, or else everybody flattered me;
and in this condition I came abroad to the world again; and though I was
not so popular as before, and indeed did not seek it, because I knew it
could not be, yet I was far from being without company, and that of the
greatest quality, of subjects I mean, who frequently visited me, and
sometimes we had meetings for mirth and play at my apartments, where I
failed not to divert them in the most agreeable manner possible.

Nor could any of them make the least particular application to me from
the notion they had of my excessive wealth, which, as they thought,
placed me above the meanness of a maintenance, and so left no room to
come easily about me.

But at last I was very handsomely attacked by a person of honour, and
(which recommended him particularly to me) a person of a very great
estate. He made a long introduction to me upon the subject of my wealth.
"Ignorant creature," said I to myself, "considering him as a lord; was
there ever woman in the world that could stoop to the baseness of being
a whore and was above taking the reward of her vice? No, no, depend upon
it, if your lordship obtains anything of me you must pay for it; and the
notion of my being so rich serves only to make it cost you the dearer,
seeing you cannot offer a small matter to a woman of 2,000 a year

After he had harangued upon that subject a good while, and had assured
me he had no design upon me, that he did not come to make a prize of me,
or to pick my pocket--which, by the way, I was in no fear of, for I took
too much care of my money to part with any of it that way--he then turned
his discourse to the subject of love, a point so ridiculous to me
without the main thing, I mean the money, that I had no patience to hear
him make so long a story of it.

I received him civilly, and let him see I could bear to hear a wicked
proposal without being affronted, and yet I was not to be brought into
it too easily. He visited me a long while and, in short, courted me as
closely and assiduously as if he had been wooing me to matrimony. He
made me several valuable presents, which I suffered myself to be
prevailed with to accept, but not without great difficulty.

Gradually I suffered also his other importunities, and when he made a
proposal of a compliment or appointment to me for a settlement, he said
that though I was rich, yet there was not the less due from him to
acknowledge the favours he received, and that if I was to be his I
should not live at my own expense, cost what it would. I told him I was
far from being extravagant, and yet I did not live at the expense of
less than 500 a year out of my own pocket; that, however, I was not
covetous of settled allowances, for I looked upon that as a kind of
golden chain, something like matrimony; that though I knew how to be
true to a man of honour, as I knew his lordship to be, yet I had a kind
of aversion to the bonds, and though I was not so rich as the world
talked me up to be, yet I was not so poor as to bind myself to hardships
for a pension.

He told me he expected to make my life perfectly easy, and intended it
so; that he knew of no bondage there could be in a private engagement
between us; that the bonds of honour, he knew, I would be tied by, and
think them no burthen; and for other obligations, he scorned to expect
anything from me but what he knew as a woman of honour I could grant;
then as to maintenance, he told me he would soon show me that he valued
me infinitely above 500 a year; and upon this foot we began.

I seemed kinder to him after this discourse, and as time and private
conversation made us very intimate, we began to come nearer to the main
article, namely, the 500 a year. He offered that at first word, and to
acknowledge it as an infinite favour to have it be accepted of; and I,
that thought it was too much by all the money, suffered myself to be
mastered or prevailed with to yield, even on but a bare engagement upon

When he had obtained his end that way, I told him my mind. "Now you see,
my Lord," said I, "how weakly I have acted, namely, to yield to you
without capitulation, or anything secured to me but that which you may
cease to allow when you please; if I am the less valued for such a
confidence, I shall be injured in a manner that I will endeavour not to

He told me that he would make it evident to me that he did not seek me
by way of bargain, as such things were often done; that as I had treated
him with a generous confidence, so I should find I was in the hands of a
man of honour, and one that knew how to value the obligation. And upon
this he pulled out a goldsmith's bill for 300, which, putting it into
my hand, he said he gave me as a pledge that I should not be a loser by
my not having made a bargain with him.

This was engaging indeed, and gave me a good idea of our future
correspondence; and in short, as I could not refrain treating him with
more kindness than I had done before, so one thing begetting another, I
gave him several testimonies that was entirely his own, by inclination
as well as by the common obligation of a mistress; and this pleased him

Soon after this private engagement I began to consider whether it were
not more suitable to the manner of life I now led, to be a little less
public, and as I told my Lord it would rid me of the importunities of
others, and of continual visits from a sort of people whom he knew of,
and who, by the way, having now got the notion of me which I really
deserved, began to talk of the old game, love and gallantry, and to
offer at what was rude enough; things as nauseous to me now as if I had
been married and as virtuous as other people. The visits of these people
began indeed to be uneasy to me, and particularly as they were always
very tedious and impertinent; nor could my Lord ---- be pleased with
them at all if they had gone on. It would be diverting to set down here
in what manner I repulsed these sort of people; how in some I resented
it as an affront, and told them that I was sorry they should oblige me
to vindicate myself from the scandal of such suggestions by telling them
that I could see them no more, and by desiring them not to give
themselves the trouble of visiting me, who, though I was not unwilling
to be uncivil, yet thought myself obliged never to receive any visit
from any gentleman after he had made such proposals as those to me; but
these things would be too tedious to bring in here. It was on this
account I proposed to his lordship my taking new lodgings for privacy;
besides, I considered that as I might live very handsomely and yet not
so publicly, so I need not spend so much money, by a great deal, and if
I made 500 a year of this generous person, it was more than I had any
occasion to spend, by a great deal.

My Lord came readily into this proposal and went further than I
expected, for he found out a lodging for me in a very handsome house
where yet he was not known--I suppose he had employed somebody to find it
out for him--and where he had a convenient way to come into the garden,
by a door that opened into the park, a thing very rarely allowed in
those times.

By this key he could come in at what time of night or day he pleased,
and as we had also a little door in the lower part of the house, which
was always left upon a lock, and his was the master-key, so if it was
twelve, one, or two o'clock at night he could come directly into my

N.B.--I was not afraid I should be found a-bed with anybody else, for, in
a word, I conversed with nobody at all.

It happened pleasantly enough one night; his lordship had stayed late,
and I, not expecting him that night, had taken Amy to bed with me, and
when my Lord came into the chamber we were both fast asleep; I think it
was near three o'clock when he came in, and a little merry, but not at
all fuddled or what they call in drink, and he came at once into the

Amy was frighted out of her wits and cried out. I said calmly, "Indeed,
my Lord, I did not expect you to-night, and we have been a little
frighted to-night with fire," "Oh!" says he, "I see you have got a
bedfellow with you." I began to make an apology. "No, no," says my Lord,
"you need no excuse, 'tis not a man-bedfellow I see." But then, talking
merrily enough, he caught his words back. "But hark ye," says he, "now I
think on't, how shall I be satisfied it is not a man-bedfellow?" "Oh,"
says I, "I dare say your lordship is satisfied 'tis poor Amy." "Yes,"
says he, "'tis Mrs. Amy, but how do I know what Amy is? It may be Mr.
Amy for aught I know; I hope you'll give me leave to be satisfied." I
told him, yes, by all means I would have his lordship satisfied, but I
supposed he knew who she was.

Well, he fell foul of poor Amy, and indeed I thought once he would have
carried the jest on before my face, as was once done in a like case. But
his lordship was not so hot neither but he would know whether Amy was
Mr. Amy or Mrs. Amy, and so I suppose he did; and then being satisfied
in that doubtful case, he walked to the further end of the room and went
into a little closet and sat down.

In the meantime Amy and I got up, and I bid her run and make the bed in
another chamber for my Lord, and I gave her sheets to put into it, which
she did immediately, and I put my Lord to bed there and, when I had done
at his desire, went to bed to him. I was backward at first to come to
bed to him, and made my excuse, because I had been in bed with Amy and
had not shifted me, but he was past those niceties at that time, and as
long as he was sure it was Mrs. Amy and not Mr. Amy he was very well
satisfied, and so the jest passed over; but Amy appeared no more all
that night or the next day, and when she did, my Lord was so merry with
her upon his claircissement, as he called it, that Amy did not know
what to do with herself.

Not that Amy was such a nice lady in the main if she had been fairly
dealt with, as has appeared in the former part of this work, but now she
was surprised and a little hurried, that she scarce knew where she was,
and besides she was, as to his lordship, as nice a lady as any in the
world, and, for anything he knew of her, she appeared as such; the rest
was to us only that knew of it.

Chapter  17

I held this wicked scene of life out eight years, reckoning from my
first coming to England, and though my Lord found no fault, yet I found
without much examining that anyone who looked in my face might see I was
above twenty years old, and yet, without flattering myself, I carried my
age, which was above fifty, very well too.

I may venture to say that no woman ever lived a life like me, of six and
twenty years of wickedness, without the least signals of remorse,
without any signs of repentance, or without so much as a wish to put an
end to it. I had so long habituated myself to a life of vice, that
really it appeared to be no vice to me, I went on smooth and pleasant. I
wallowed in wealth, and it flowed in upon me at such a rate, having
taken the frugal measures that the good knight directed, so that I had
at the end of the eight years 2,800 coming in yearly, of which I did
not spend one penny, being maintained by my allowance from my Lord ----,
and more than maintained, by above 200 per annum; for though he did not
contract for a year, as I made dumb signs to have it be, yet he gave me
money so often, and that in such large parcels, that I had seldom so
little as 700 to 800 a year of him, one year with another.

I must go back here, after telling openly wicked things I did, to
mention something which, however, had the face of doing good. I
remembered that when I went from England, which was fifteen years
before, I had left five little children, turned out, as it were, to the
wide world, and to the charity of their father's relations. The eldest
was not six years old, for we had not been married full seven years when
their father went away.

After my coming to England I was greatly desirous to hear how things
stood with them, and whether they were all alive or not, and in what
manner they had been maintained; and yet I resolved not to discover
myself to them in the least, or to let any of the people that had the
breeding of them up know that there was such a body left in the world as
their mother.

Amy was the only body I could trust with such a commission, and I sent
her into Spitalfields to the old aunt, and to the poor woman that was so
instrumental in disposing the relations to take some care of the
children, but they were both gone, dead and buried some years. The next
enquiry she made was at the house where she carried the poor children
and turned them in at the door. When she came there she found the house
inhabited by other people, so that she could make little or nothing of
her enquiries, and came back with an answer that was indeed no answer to
me, for it gave me no satisfaction at all. I sent her back to enquire in
the neighbourhood what was become of the family that lived in that
house, and if they were removed, where they lived and what circumstances
they were in, and withal, if she could, what became of the poor
children, and how they lived and where, how they had been treated, and
the like.

She brought me back word upon this second going that she heard as to the
family, that the husband, who though but uncle-in-law to the children
had yet been kindest to them, was dead, and that the widow was left but
in mean circumstances, that is to say, she did not want, but that she
was not so well in the world as she was thought to be when her husband
was alive.

That as to the poor children, two of them, it seems, had been kept by
her, that is to say, by her husband while he lived, for that it was
against her will, that we all knew; but the honest neighbours pitied the
poor children, they said, heartily; for that their aunt used them
barbarously and made them little better than servants in the house, to
wait upon her and her children, and scarce allowed them clothes fit to

These were, it seems, my eldest and third, which were daughters; the
second was a son, the fourth a daughter, and the youngest a son.

To finish the melancholy part of this history of my two unhappy girls,
she brought me word that as soon as they were able to go out and get any
work, they went from her; and some said she had turned them out of
doors, but it seems she had not done so, but she used them so cruelly
that they left her, and one of them went to service to a neighbour's a
little way off, who knew her, an honest, substantial weaver's wife, to
whom she was chambermaid, and in a little time she took her sister out
of the bridewell of her aunt's house and got her a place too.

This was all melancholy and dull. I sent her then to the weaver's house,
where the eldest had lived, but found that her mistress being dead, she
was gone, and nobody knew there whither she went; only that they heard
she had lived with a great lady at the other end of the town, but they
did not know who that lady was.

These enquiries took us up three or four weeks, and I was not one jot
the better for it, for I could hear nothing to my satisfaction. I sent
her next to find out the honest man who, as in the beginning of my story
I observed, made them be entertained, and caused the youngest to be
fetched from the town where we lived, and where the parish officers had
taken care of him. This gentleman was still alive; and there she heard
that my youngest daughter and eldest son were dead also, but that my
youngest son was alive and was at that time about seventeen years old,
and that he was put out apprentice by the kindness and charity of his
uncle, but to a mean trade, and at which he was obliged to work very

Amy was so curious in this part that she went immediately to see him,
and found him all dirty and hard at work. She had no remembrance at all
of the youth, for she had not seen him since he was about two years old,
and it was evident he could have no knowledge of her.

However, she talked with him and found him a good, sensible, mannerly
youth; that he knew little of the story of his father or mother, and had
no view of anything but to work hard for his living; and she did not
think fit to put any great things into his head, lest it should take him
off his business and perhaps make him turn giddy-headed and be good for
nothing; but she went and found out that kind man his benefactor who had
put him out, and finding him a plain, well-meaning, honest, and
kind-hearted man, she opened her tale to him the easier. She made a long
story, how she had a prodigious kindness for the child because she had
the same for his father and mother; told him that she was the
servant-maid that brought all of them to their aunt's door and ran away
and left them; that their poor mother wanted bread, and what came of her
after, she would have been glad to know. She added that her
circumstances had happened to mend in the world, and that as she was in
condition, so she was disposed to show some kindness to the children if
she could find them out.

He received her with all the civility that so kind a proposal demanded,
gave her an account of what he had done for the child; how he had
maintained him, fed and clothed him, put him to school, and at last put
him out to a trade. She said he had indeed been a father to the child.
"But, sir," says she, "'tis a very laborious, hard-working trade, and he
is but a thin weak boy." "That's true," says he, "but the boy chose the
trade, and I assure you I gave 20 with him, and am to find him clothes
all his apprenticeship. And as to its being a hard trade," says he,
"that's the fate of his circumstances, poor boy; I could not well do
better for him."

"Well, sir, as you did all for him in charity." says she, "it was
exceeding well; but as my resolution is to do something for him, I
desire you will if possible take him away again from that place where he
works so hard, for I cannot bear to see the child work so very hard for
his bread, and I will do something for him that shall make him live
without such hard labour."

He smiled at that. "I can indeed," says he, "take him away, but then I
must lose my 20 that I gave with him."

"Well, sir," said Amy, "I'll enable you to lose that 20 immediately ";
and so she puts her hand in her pocket and pulls out her purse.

He began to be a little amazed at her and looked her hard in the face,
and that so very much that she took notice of it and said, "Sir, I fancy
by your looking at me you think you know me, but I am assured you do
not, for I never saw your face before; I think you have done enough for
the child, and that you ought to be acknowledged as a father to him, but
you ought not to lose by your kindness to him, more than the kindness of
bringing him up obliges you to; and therefore there's the 20," added
she, "and pray let him be fetched away."

"Well, madam," says he, "I will thank you for the boy, as well as for
myself, but will you please to tell me what I must do with him,"

"Sir," says Amy, "as you have been so kind to keep him so many years, I
beg you will take him home again one year more, and I'll bring you 100
more, which I will desire you to lay out in schooling and clothes for
him, and to pay you for his board; perhaps I may put him in a condition
to return your kindness."

He looked pleased, but surprised very much, and enquired of Amy, but
with very great respect, what he should go to school to learn, and what
trade she would please to put him out to.

Amy said he should put him to learn a little Latin, and then merchants'
accounts, and to write a good hand, for she would have him be put to a
Turkey merchant.

"Madam," says he, "I am glad for his sake to hear you talk so, but do
you know that a Turkey merchant will not take him under four or five
hundred pounds?"

"Yes, sir," says Amy, "I know it very well."

"And," says he, "that it will require as many thousands to set him up?"

"Yes, sir," says Amy, "I know that very well too"; and resolving to talk
very big, she added, "I have no children of my own and I resolve to make
him my heir, and if ten thousand pounds would be required to set him up,
he shall not want it; I was but his mother's servant when he was born,
and I mourned heartily for the disaster of the family, and I always said
if ever I was worth anything in the world I would take the child for my
own, and I'll be as good as my word now, though I did not then foresee
that it would be with me as it has been since." And so Amy told him a
long story, how she was troubled for me, and what she would give to hear
whether I was dead or alive, and what circumstances I was in; that if
she could but find me, if I was ever so poor, she would take care of me
and make a gentlewoman of me again.

He told her, that as to the child's mother, she had been reduced to the
last extremity, and was obliged (as he supposed she knew) to send the
children all among her husband's friends; and if it had not been for
him, they had all been sent to the parish, but that he obliged the other
relations to share the charge among them; that he had taken two, whereof
he had lost the eldest, who died of the smallpox, but that he had been
as careful of this as of his own, and had made very little difference in
their breeding up; only that when he came to put him out, he thought it
was best for the boy to put him to a trade which he might set up in
without a stock, for otherwise his time would be lost; and that as to
his mother, he had never been able to hear one word of her, no, not
though he had made the utmost enquiry after her; that there went a
report that she had drowned herself, but that he could never meet
anybody that could give him a certain account of it.

Amy counterfeited a cry for her poor mistress, told him she would give
anything in the world to see her if she was alive, and a great deal more
such-like talk they had about that; then they returned to speak of the

He enquired of her why she did not seek after the child before, that he
might have been brought up from a younger age suitable to what she
designed to do for him.

She told him she had been out of England, and was but newly returned
from the East Indies. That she had been out of England, and was but
newly returned, was true, but the latter was false, and was put in to
blind him and provide against further enquiries, for it was not a
strange thing for young women to go away poor to the East Indies and
come home vastly rich. So she went on with directions about him, and
both agreed in this, that the boy should by no means be told what was
intended for him, but only that he should be taken home again to his
uncle's, that his uncle thought the trade too hard for him, and the

About three days after this Amy goes again, and carried him the hundred
pounds she promised him; but then Amy made quite another figure than she
did before, for she went in my coach with two footmen after her, and
dressed very fine also, with jewels and a gold watch; and there was
indeed no great difficulty to make Amy look like a lady, for she was a
very handsome, well-shaped woman, and genteel enough; the coachman and
servants were particularly ordered to show her the same respect as they
would to me, and to call her Madam Collins if they were asked any
questions about her.

When the gentleman saw what a figure she made, it added to the former
surprise, and he entertained her in the most respectful manner possible,
congratulated her advancement in fortune, and particularly rejoiced that
it should fall to the poor child's lot to be so provided for contrary to
all expectation.

Well, Amy talked big, but very free and familiar, told them she had no
pride in her good fortune (and that was true enough, for, to give Amy
her due, she was far from it, and was as good-humoured a creature as
ever lived), that she was the same as ever, and that she always loved
this boy and was resolved to do something extraordinary for him.

Then she pulled out her money and paid him down 120, which, she said,
she paid him that he might be sure he should be no loser by taking him
home again, and that she would come and see him again and talk further
about things with him, that so all might be settled for him in such a
manner, as the accidents, such as mortality or anything else, should
make no alteration to the child's prejudice.

At this meeting the uncle brought his wife out, a good, motherly,
comely, grave woman, who spoke very tenderly of the youth and, as it
appeared, had been very good to him, though she had several children of
her own. After a long discourse she put in a word of her own. "Madam,"
says she, "I am heartily glad of the good intentions you have for this
poor orphan, and I rejoice sincerely in it for his sake, but, madam, you
know, I suppose, that there are two sisters alive too, may we not speak
a word for them? Poor girls," says she, "they have not been so kindly
used as he has, and are turned out to the wide world."

"Where are they, madam?" says Amy.

"Poor creatures," says the gentlewoman, "they are out at service, nobody
knows where but themselves; their case is very hard."

"Well, madam," says Amy, "though, if I could find them, I would assist
them, yet my concern is for my boy, as I call him, and I will put him
into a condition to take care of his sisters."

"But, madam," says the good, compassionate creature, "he may not be so
charitable perhaps by his own inclination, for brothers are not fathers;
and they have been cruelly used already, poor girls; we have often
relieved them, both with victuals and clothes too, even while they were
pretended to be kept by their barbarous aunt."

"Well, madam," says Amy, "what can I do for them? They are gone, it
seems, and cannot be heard of. When I see them, 'tis time enough."

She pressed Amy then to oblige their brother, out of the plentiful
fortune he was like to have, to do something for his sisters when he
should be able.

Amy spoke coldly of that still, but said she would consider of it, and
so they parted for that time. They had several meetings after this, for
Amy went to see her adopted son, and ordered his schooling, clothes, and
other things, but enjoined them not to tell the young man anything but
that they thought the trade he was at too hard for him, and they would
keep him at home a little longer and give him some schooling to fit him
for better business; and Amy appeared to him as she did before, only as
one that had known his mother and had some kindness for him.

Thus this matter passed on for near a twelvemonth, when it happened that
one of my maidservants having asked Amy leave, for Amy was mistress of
the servants, and took and put out such as she pleased--I say, having
asked leave to go into the city to see her friends, came home crying
bitterly, and in a most grievous agony she was, and continued so several
days, till Amy perceiving the excess, and that the maid would certainly
cry herself sick, she took an opportunity with her and examined her
about it.

The maid told her a long story, that she had been to see her brother,
the only brother she had in the world, and that she knew he was put out
apprentice to a ----, but there had come a lady in a coach to his uncle
----, who had brought him up, and made him take him home again; and so
the wench ran on with the whole story, just as 'tis told above, till she
came to the part that belonged to herself. "And there," says she, "I had
not let them know where I lived, and the lady would have taken me, and
they say would have provided for me too as she has done for my brother,
but nobody could tell where to find me, and so I have lost it all and
all the hopes of being anything but a poor servant all my days "; and
then the girl fell a-crying again.

Amy said, "What's all this story? Who could this lady be? It must be
some trick sure?" No, she said, it was not a trick, for she had made
them take her brother home from apprentice, and bought him new clothes,
and put him to have more learning; and the gentlewoman said she would
make him her heir.

"Her heir!" says Amy; "what does that amount to? It may be she had
nothing to leave him, she might make anybody her heir."

"No, no," says the girl, "she came in a fine coach and horses, and I
don't know how many footmen to attend her, and brought a great bag of
gold and gave it to my uncle ----, he that brought up my brother, to buy
him clothes and to pay for his schooling and board."

"He that brought up your brother!" says Amy. "Why, did not he bring you
up too as well as your brother? Pray, who brought you up then?"

Here the poor girl told a melancholy story, how an aunt had brought up
her and her sister, and how barbarously she had used them, as we have

By this time Amy had her head full enough, and her heart too, and did
not know how to hold it or what to do, for she was satisfied that this
was no other than my own daughter; for she told her all the history of
her father and mother, and how she was carried by their maid to her
aunt's door just as is related in the beginning of my story.

Amy did not tell me this story for a great while, nor did she well know
what course to take in it, but as she had authority to manage everything
in the family, she took occasion some time after, without letting me
know anything of it, to find some fault with the maid and turn her away.

Her reasons were good, though at first I was not pleased when I heard of
it, but I was convinced afterwards that she was in the right; for if she
had told me of it I should have been in great perplexity, between the
difficulty of concealing myself from my own child and the inconvenience
of having my way of living be known among my first husband's relations,
and even to my husband himself; for as to his being dead at Paris, Amy,
seeing me resolved against marrying any more, had told me that she had
formed the story only to make me easy when I was in Holland, if anything
should offer to my liking.

However, I was too tender a mother still, notwithstanding what I had
done, to let this poor girl go about the world drudging, as it were, for
bread, and slaving at the fire and in the kitchen as a cook-maid.
Besides, it came into my head that she might perhaps marry some poor
devil of a footman or a coachman, or some such thing, and be undone that
way; or, which was worse, be drawn into lie with some of that coarse
cursed kind and be with child, and be utterly ruined that way; and in
the midst of all my prosperity this gave me great uneasiness.

As to sending Amy to her, there was no doing that now, for as she had
been servant in the house, she knew Amy as well as Amy knew me; and no
doubt, though I was much out of her sight, yet she might have had the
curiosity to have peeped at me, and seen me enough to know me again if I
had discovered myself to her; so that, in short, there was nothing to be
done that way.

However, Amy, a diligent, indefatigable creature, found out another
woman and gave her her errand, and sent her to the honest man's house in
Spitalfields, whither she supposed the girl would go after she was out
of her place, and bade her talk with her and tell her at a distance that
as something had been done for her brother, so something would be done
for her too; and that she should not be discouraged, she carried her 20
to buy her clothes, and bade her not to go to service any more but think
of other things; that she should take a lodging in some good family, and
that she should soon hear further.

The girl was overjoyed with this news, you may be sure, and at first a
little too much elevated with it, and dressed herself very handsomely
indeed, and, as soon as she had done so, came and paid a visit to Madam
Amy to let her see how fine she was. Amy congratulated her and lavished
it might be all as she expected, but admonished her not to be elevated
with it too much; told her humility was the best ornament of a
gentlewoman, and a great deal of good advice she gave her, but
discovered nothing.

All this was acted in the first years of my setting up my new figure
here in town, and while the masks and balls were in agitation; and Amy
carried on the affair of setting out my son into the world, which we
were assisted in by the sage advice of my faithful counsellor, Sir
Robert Clayton, who procured us a master for him, by whom he was
afterwards sent abroad to Italy, as you shall hear in its place; and Amy
managed my daughter too, very well, though by a third hand.

Chapter  18

MY amour with my Lord ---- began now to draw to an end, and indeed,
notwithstanding his money, it had lasted so long that I was much more
sick of his lordship than he could be of me. He grew old and fretful and
captious, and I must add, which made the vice itself begin to grow
surfeiting and nauseous to me, he grew worse and wickeder the older he
grew, and that to such degree as is not fit to write of, and made me so
weary of him that upon one of his capricious humours, which he often
took occasion to trouble me with, I took occasion to be much less
complaisant to him than I used to be; and as I knew him to be hasty, I
first took care to put him into a little passion and then to resent it,
and this brought us to words, in which I told him I thought he grew sick
of me; and he answered, in a heat, that truly so he was. I answered that
I found his lordship was endeavouring to make me sick too, that I had
met with several such rubs from him of late, and that he did not use me
as he used to do, and I begged his lordship he would make himself easy.
This I spoke with an air of coldness and indifference such as I knew he
could not bear; but I did not downright quarrel with him and tell him I
was sick of him too, and desire him to quit me, for I knew that would
come of itself; besides, I had received a great deal of handsome usage
from him, and I was loath to have the breach be on my side, that he
might not be able to say I was ungrateful.

But he put the occasion into my hands, for he came no more to me for two
months; indeed, I expected a fit of absence, for such I had had several
times before, but not for above a fortnight or three weeks at most. But
after I had stayed a month, which was longer than ever he kept away yet,
I took a new method with him, for I was resolved now it should be in my
power to continue or not as I thought fit. At the end of a month,
therefore. I removed and took lodgings at Kensington Gravel Pits, and
that part next to the road to Acton, and left nobody in my lodgings but
Amy and a footman, with proper instructions how to behave when his
lordship being come to himself should think fit to come again, which I
knew he would.

About the end of two months, he came in the dusk of the evening as
usual. The footman answered him, and told him his lady was not at home,
but there was Mrs. Amy above; so he did not order her to be called down,
but went upstairs into the dining-room, and Mrs. Amy came to him. He
asked where I was. "My Lord," said she, "my mistress has been removed a
good while from hence, and lives at Kensington." "Ay, Mrs. Amy! how come
you to be here, then?" "My Lord," said she, "we are here till the
quarter-day, because the goods are not removed, and to give answers if
any comes to ask for my lady." "Well, and what answer are you to give
me?" "Indeed, my Lord," says Amy, "I have no particular answer to your
lordship but to tell you and everybody else where my lady lives, that
they may not think she's run away." "No, Mrs. Amy," says he, "I don't
think she's run away, but indeed I can't go after her so far as that."
Amy said nothing to that, but made a curtsy, and said she believed I
would be there again for a week or two in a little time. "How little
time, Mrs. Amy?" says my Lord. "She comes next Tuesday," says Amy. "Very
well," says my Lord, "I'll call and see her then "; and so he went away.

Accordingly I came on the Tuesday and stayed a fortnight, but he came
not; so I went back to Kensington, and after that I had very few of his
lordship's visits, which I was very glad of, and in a little time after
was more glad of it than I was at first, and upon a far better account

For now I began not to be sick of his lordship only, but really I began
to be sick of the vice; and as I had good leisure now to divert and
enjoy myself in the world as much as it was possible for any woman to do
that ever lived in it, so I found that my judgment began to prevail upon
me to fix my delight upon nobler objects than I had formerly done, and
the very beginning of this brought some just reflections upon me
relating to things past and to the former manner of my living. And
though there was not the least hint in all this from what may be called
religion or conscience, and far from anything of repentance or anything
that was akin to it, especially at first, yet the sense of things and
the knowledge I had of the world, and the vast variety of scenes that I
had acted my part in, began to work upon my senses, and it came so very
strong upon my mind one morning when I had been lying awake some time in
my bed, as if somebody had asked me the question, what was I a whore for
now? It occurred naturally upon this enquiry that at first I yielded to
the importunity of my circumstances, the misery of which the devil
dismally aggravated, to draw me to comply; for I confess I had strong
natural aversions to the crime at first, partly owing to a virtuous
education, and partly to a sense of religion; but the devil, and that
greater devil of poverty, prevailed, and the person who laid siege to me
did it in such an obliging, and I may almost say, irresistible manner,
all still managed by the evil spirit--for I must be allowed to believe
that he had a share in all such things, if not the whole management of
them--but I say it was carried on by that person in such an irresistible
manner, that (as I said when I related the fact) there was no
withstanding it. These circumstances I say the devil managed, not only
to bring me to comply, but he continued them as arguments to fortify my
mind against all reflection, and to keep me in that horrid course I had
engaged in, as if it were honest and lawful.

But not to dwell upon that now. This was a pretence, and here was
something to be said, though I acknowledge it ought not to have been
sufficient to me at all, but I say to leave that, all this was out of
doors; the devil himself could not form one argument or put one reason
into my head now that could serve for an answer, no, not so much as a
pretended answer to this question, why I should be a whore now.

It had for a while been a little kind of excuse to me that I was engaged
with this wicked old lord, and that I could not in honour forsake him;
but how foolish and absurd did it look to repeat the word of honour on
so vile an occasion. As if a woman should prostitute her honour in point
of honour--horrid inconsistency. Honour called upon me to detest the
crime and the man too, and to have resisted all the attacks which from
the beginning had been made upon my virtue; and honour, had it been
consulted, would have preserved me honest from the beginning:

For honesty and honour are the same.

This, however, shows us with what faint excuses and with what trifles we
pretend to satisfy ourselves and suppress the attempts of conscience in
the pursuit of agreeable crime, and in the possessing those pleasures
which we are loath to part with.

But this objection would now serve no longer, for my lord had, in some
sort, broken his engagements (I won't call it honour again) with me, and
had so far slighted me as fairly to justify my entire quitting of him
now; and so, as the objection was fully answered, the question remained
still unanswered, why am I a whore now? Nor indeed had I anything to say
for myself, even to myself. I could not without blushing, as wicked as I
was, answer that I loved it for the sake of the vice, and that I
delighted in being a whore as such--I say I could not say this even to
myself, and all alone, nor indeed would it have been true. I was never
able in justice and with truth to say I was so wicked as that, but as
necessity first debauched me and poverty made me a whore at the
beginning, so excess of avarice for getting money and excess of vanity
continued me in the crime, not being able to resist the flatteries of
great persons; being called the finest woman in France, being caressed
by a Prince, and afterwards, I had pride enough to expect and folly
enough to believe, though indeed without ground, by a great monarch.
These were my baits, these the chains by which the devil held me bound,
and by which I was indeed too fast held for any reasoning that I was
then mistress of to deliver me from.

But this was all over now. Avarice could have no pretence, I was out of
the reach of all that Fate could be supposed to do to reduce me; now I
was so far from poor or the danger of it that I had 50,000 in my pocket
at least--nay, I had the income of 50,000, for I had 2,500 a year
coming in upon very good land security, besides 3,000 or 4,000 in
money which I kept by me for ordinary occasions, and besides jewels and
plate and goods which were worth near 5,600 more. These put together,
when I ruminated on it all in my thoughts, as you may be sure I did
often, added weight still to the question, as above, and it sounded
continually in my head, what's next? what am I a whore for now?

It is true this was, as I say, seldom out of my thoughts, but yet it
made no impressions upon me of that kind which might be expected from a
reflection of so important a nature, and which had so much of substance
and seriousness in it.

But, however, it was not without some little consequences, even at that
time, and which gave a little turn to my way of living at first, as you
shall hear in its place.

But one particular thing intervened besides this, which gave me some
uneasiness at this time, and made way for other things that followed. I
have mentioned in several little digressions the concern I had upon me
for my children, and in what manner I had directed that affair. I must
go on a little with that part in order to bring the subsequent parts of
my story together.

My boy, the only son I had left that I had a legal right to call son,
was, as I have said, rescued from the unhappy circumstances of being
apprentice to a mechanic, and was brought up upon a new foot; but though
this was infinitely to his advantage, yet it put him back near three
years in his coming into the world, for he had been near a year at the
drudgery he was first put to, and it took up two years more to form him
for what he had hopes given him he should hereafter be, so that he was
full nineteen years old, or rather twenty years, before he came to be
put out as I intended; at the end of which time I put him to a very
flourishing Italian merchant, and he again sent him to Messina in the
island of Sicily. And a little before the juncture I am now speaking of,
I had letters from him, that is to say, Mrs. Amy had letters from him,
intimating that he was out of his time, and that he had an opportunity
to be taken into an English house there, on very good terms, if his
support from hence might answer what he was bid to hope for; and so
begged that what would be done for him might be so ordered that he might
have it for his present advancement, referring for the particulars to
his master, the merchant in London whom he had been put apprentice to
here, who, to cut the story short, gave such a satisfactory account of
it, and of my young man, to my steady and faithful counsellor, Sir
Robert Clayton, that I made no scruple to pay 4,000, which was 1,000
more than he demanded, or rather proposed, that he might have
encouragement to enter into the world better than he expected.

His master remitted the money very faithfully to him, and, finding by
Sir Robert Clayton that the young gentleman, for so he called him, was
well supported, wrote such letters on his account as gave him a credit
at Messina equal in value to the money itself.

I could not digest it very well that I should all this while conceal
myself thus from my own child, and make all this favour due, in his
opinion, to a stranger, and yet I could not find in my heart to let my
son know what a mother he had and what a life she lived, when at the
same time that he must think himself infinitely obliged to me, he must
be obliged, if he was a man of virtue, to hate his mother and abhor the
way of living by which all the bounty he enjoyed was raised.

This is the reason of mentioning this part of my son's story, which is
otherwise no ways concerned in my history, but as it put me upon
thinking how to put an end to that wicked course I was in, that my own
child, when he should afterwards come to England in a good figure and
with the appearance of a merchant, should not be ashamed to own me.

But there was another difficulty which lay heavier upon me a great deal,
and that was my daughter, who, as before, I had relieved by the hands of
another instrument, which Amy had procured. The girl, as I have
mentioned, was directed to put herself into a good garb, take lodgings,
and entertain a maid to wait upon her, and to give herself some
breeding, that is to say, to learn to dance and fit herself to appear as
a gentlewoman, being made to hope that she should, some time or other,
find that she should be put into a condition to support her character
and to make herself amends for all her former troubles. She was only
charged not to be drawn into matrimony till she was secured of a fortune
that might assist to dispose of herself suitable not to what she then
was but what she was to be.

The girl was too sensible of her circumstances not to give all possible
satisfaction of that kind, and indeed she was mistress of too much
understanding not to see how much she should be obliged to that part for
her own interest.

It was not long after this, but being well equipped and in everything
well set out, as she was directed, she came as I have related above, and
paid a visit to Mrs. Amy, and to tell her of her good fortune. Amy
pretended to be much surprised at the alteration, and overjoyed for her
sake, and began to treat her very well, entertained her handsomely, and,
when she would have gone away, pretended to ask my leave and sent my
coach home with her; and in short, learning from her where she lodged,
which was in the city, Amy promised to return her visit, and did so; and
in a word, Amy and Susan (for she was my own name) began an intimate
acquaintance together.

There was an inexpressible difficulty in the poor girl's way, or else I
should not have been able to have forborne discovering myself to her,
and this was her having been a servant in my particular family; and I
could by no means think of ever letting the children know what a kind of
creature they owed their being to, or giving them an occasion to upbraid
their mother with her scandalous life, much less to justify the like
practice from my example.

Thus it was with me, and thus, no doubt, considering parents always find
it that their own children are a restraint to them in their worst
courses, when the sense of a superior Power has not the same influence.
But of that hereafter.

There happened, however, one good circumstance in the case of this poor
girl which brought about a discovery sooner than otherwise it would have
been, and it was thus. After she and Amy had been intimate for some time
and had exchanged several visits, the girl now grown a woman, talking to
Amy of the gay things that used to fall out when she was servant in my
family, spoke of it with a kind of concern that she could not see (me)
her lady, and at last she adds, "'Twas very strange, madam," says she to
Amy, "but though I lived near two years in the house, I never saw my
mistress in my life, except it was that public night when she danced in
the fine Turkish habit, and then she was so disguised that I knew
nothing of her afterwards."

Amy was glad to hear this; but as she was a cunning girl from the
beginning, she was not to be bit, and so she laid no stress upon that at
first, but gave me an account of it; and I must confess it gave me a
secret joy to think that I was not known to her, and that, by virtue of
that only accident, I might, when other circumstances made room for it,
discover myself to her and let her know she had a mother in a condition
fit to be owned.

It was a dreadful restraint to me before, and this gave me some very sad
reflections and made way for the great question I have mentioned above;
and by how much the circumstance was bitter to me, by so much the more
agreeable it was to understand that the girl had never seen me, and
consequently did not know me again if she was to be told who I was.

However, the next time she came to visit Amy, I was resolved to put it
to a trial and to come into the room and let her see me, and to see by
that whether she knew me or not; but Amy put me by, lest indeed, as
there was reason enough to question, I should not be able to contain or
forbear discovering myself to her; so it went off for that time.

But both these circumstances, and that is the reason of mentioning them,
brought me to consider of the life I lived, and to resolve to put myself
into some figure of life in which I might not be scandalous to my own
family and be afraid to make myself known to my own children, who were
my own flesh and blood.

There was another daughter I had, which, with all our enquiries, we
could not hear of, high nor low, for several years after the first. But
I return to my own story.

Chapter  19

Being now in part removed from my old station, I seemed to be in a fair
way of retiring from my old acquaintances, and consequently from the
vile abominable trade I had driven so long, so that the door seemed to
be, as it were, particularly opened to my reformation if I had any mind
to it in earnest. But for all that, some of my old friends, as I had
used to call them, enquired me out and came to visit me at Kensington,
and that more frequently than I wished they would do; but it being once
known where I was, there was no avoiding it, unless I would have
downright refused and affronted them, and I was not yet in earnest
enough with my resolutions to go that length.

The best of it was, my old lewd favourite, whom I now heartily hated,
entirely dropped me. He came once to visit me, but I caused Amy to deny
me and say I was gone out. She did it so oddly too, that when his
lordship went away he said coldly to her, "Well, well, Mrs. Amy, I find
your mistress does not desire to be seen; tell her I won't trouble her
any more," repeating the words "any more" two or three times over just
at his going away.

I reflected a little on it at first, as unkind to him, having had so
many considerable presents from him; but, as I have said, I was sick of
him, and that on some accounts which, if I could suffer myself to
publish them, would fully justify my conduct; but that part of the story
will not bear telling, so I must leave it and proceed.

I had begun a little, as I have said above, to reflect upon my manner of
living and to think of putting a new face upon it, and nothing moved me
to it more than the consideration of my having three children who were
now grown up, and yet, that while I was in that station of life, I could
not converse with them or make myself known to them; and this gave me a
great deal of uneasiness. At last I entered into talk on this part of it
with my woman Amy.

We lived at Kensington, as I have said, and though I had done with my
old wicked Lord ----, as above, yet I was frequently visited, as I said,
by some others, so that, in a word, I began to be known in the town, not
by my name only, but by my character too, which was worse.

It was one morning when Amy was in bed with me, and I had some of my
dullest thoughts about me, that Amy, hearing me sigh pretty often, asked
me if I was not well. "Yes, Amy, I am well enough," says I, "but my mind
is oppressed with heavy thoughts, and has been so a good while "; and
then I told her how it grieved me that I could not make myself known to
my own children, or form any acquaintances in the world. "Why so?" says
Amy. "Why, prithee, Amy," says I, "what will my children say to
themselves, and to one another, when they find their mother, however
rich she may be, is at best but a whore, a common whore? And as for
acquaintance, prithee, Amy, what sober lady or what family of any
character will visit or be acquainted with a whore?"

"Why, all that's true, madam," says Amy, "but how can it be remedied
now?" "'Tis true, Amy," said I, "the thing cannot be remedied now, but
the scandal of it, I fancy, may be thrown off."

"Truly," says Amy, "I do not see how, unless you will go abroad again
and live in some other nation where nobody has known us or seen us, so
that they cannot say they ever saw us before."

That very thought of Amy's put what follows into my head, and I
returned, "Why, Amy," says I, "is it not possible for me to shift my
being from this part of the town and go and live in another part of the
country, and be as entirely concealed as if I had never been known?"

"Yes," says Amy, "I believe it might, but then you must put off all your
equipages and servants, coaches and horses, change your liveries, nay,
your own clothes, and, if it was possible, your very face."

"Well," says I, "and that's the way, Amy, and that I'll do, and that
forthwith, for I am not able to live in this manner any longer." Amy
came into this with a kind of pleasure particular to herself, that is to
say, with an eagerness not to be resisted; for Amy was apt to be
precipitant in her motions, and was for doing it immediately. "Well,"
says I, "Amy, as soon as you will, but what course must we take to do
it? We cannot put off servants and coach and horses and everything,
leave off housekeeping, and transform ourselves into a new shape, all in
a moment; servants must have warning, and the goods must be sold off,
and a thousand things"; and this began to perplex us, and in particular
took us up two or three days' consideration.

At last, Amy, who was a clever manager in such cases, came to me with a
scheme, as she called it. "I have found it out, madam," says she; "I
have found a scheme how you shall, if you have a mind to it, begin and
finish a perfect entire change of your figure and circumstances in one
day, and shall be as much unknown, madam, in twenty-four hours as you
would be in so many years."

"Come, Amy," says I, "let us hear it, for you please me mightily with
the thoughts of it." "Why, then," says Amy, "let me go into the city
this afternoon, and I'll enquire out some honest, plain, sober family,
where I will take lodgings for you as for a country gentlewoman that
desires to be in London for about half a year, and to board yourself and
a kinswoman that is half a servant, half a companion, meaning myself,
and so agree with them by the month.

"To this lodging, if I hit upon one to your mind, you may go to-morrow
morning, in a hackney-coach, with nobody but me, and leave such clothes
and linen as you think fit, but to be sure the plainest you have; and
then you are removed at once, you need never so much as set your foot in
this house again (meaning where we then were) or see anybody belonging
to it. In the meantime I'll let the servants know that you are going
over to Holland upon extraordinary business, and will leave off your
equipages, and so I'll give them warning, or, if they will accept of it,
give them a month's wages. Then I'll sell off your furniture as well as
I can; as to your coach, it is but having it new painted and the lining
changed, and getting new harness and hammercloths, and you may keep it
still or dispose of it as you think fit. And only take care to let this
lodging be in some remote part of the town, and you may be as perfectly
unknown as if you had never been in England in your life."

This was Amy's scheme, and it pleased me so well that I resolved not
only to let her go, but was resolved to go with her myself; but Amy put
me off that, because, she said, she should have occasion to hurry up and
down so long, that if I was with her it would rather hinder than further
her; so I waived it.

In a word, Amy went, and was gone five long hours; but when she came
back I could see by her countenance that her success had been suitable
to her pains, for she came laughing and gaping. "Oh, madam!" says she,
"I have pleased you to the life "; and with that she tells me how she
had fixed upon a house in a court in the Minories, that she was directed
to it merely by accident that it was a female family, the master of the
house being gone to New England, and that the woman had four children,
kept two maids, and lived very handsomely, but wanted company to divert
her, and that on that very account she had agreed to take boarders.

Amy agreed for a good handsome price, because she was resolved I should
be used well; so she bargained to give her 35 for the half-year and 50
if we took a maid, leaving that to my choice; and that we might be
satisfied we should meet with nothing very gay; the people were Quakers,
and I liked them the better.

I was so pleased that I resolved to go with Amy the next day to see the
lodgings, and to see the woman of the house, and see how I liked them;
but if I was pleased with the general, I was much more pleased with the
particular, for the gentlewoman, I must call her so, though she was a
Quaker, was a most courteous, obliging, mannerly person, perfectly well
bred, and perfectly well humoured, and, in short, the most agreeable
conversation that ever I met with; and which was worth all, so grave,
and yet so pleasant and so merry, that 'tis scarce possible for me to
express how I was pleased and delighted with her company; and
particularly, I was so pleased that I would go away no more, so I e'en
took up my lodging there the very first night.

In the meantime, though it took up Amy almost a month so entirely to put
off all the appearances of housekeeping, as above, it need take me up no
time to relate it; 'tis enough to say that Amy quitted all that part of
the world and came pack and baggage to me, and here we took up our

I was now in a perfect retreat indeed; remote from the eyes of all that
ever had seen me, and as much out of the way of being ever seen or heard
of by any of the gang that used to follow me, as if I had been among the
mountains in Lancashire; for when did a blue garter or a coach-and-six
come into a little narrow passage in the Minories or Goodman's Fields?
And as there was no fear of them, so really I had no desire to see them,
or so much as to hear from them any more as long as I lived.

I seemed in a little hurry while Amy came and went so every day, at
first, but when that was over I lived here perfectly retired, and with a
most pleasant and agreeable lady. I must call her so, for though a
Quaker, she had a full share of good breeding sufficient to her if she
had been a duchess; in a word, she was the most agreeable creature in
her conversation, as I said before, that ever I met with.

I pretended, after I had been there some time, to be extremely in love
with the dress of the Quakers, and this pleased her so much that she
would needs dress me up one day in a suit of her own clothes, but my
real design was to see whether it would pass upon me for a disguise.

Amy was struck with the novelty, though I had not mentioned my design to
her, and when the Quaker was gone out of the room, says Amy, "I guess
your meaning; it is a perfect disguise to you; why, you look quite
another body, I should not have known you myself. Nay," says Amy, "more
than that, it makes you look ten years younger than you did."

Nothing could please me better than that, and when Amy repeated it I was
so fond of it that I asked my Quaker (I won't call her landlady, 'tis
indeed too coarse a word for her, and she deserved a much better)--I say
I asked her if she would sell it. I told her I was so fond of it that I
would give her enough to buy her a better suit. She declined it at
first, but I soon perceived that it was chiefly in good manners, because
I should not dishonour myself, as she called it, to put on her old
clothes, but if I pleased to accept of them, she would give me them for
my dressing clothes, and go with me and buy a suit for me that might be
better worth my wearing.

But as I conversed in a very frank, open manner with her, I bid her do
the like with me; that I made no scruples of such things, but that if
she would let me have them, I would satisfy her. So she let me know what
they cost, and to make her amends I gave her three guineas more than
they cost her.

This good (though unhappy) Quaker had the misfortune to have had a bad
husband, and he was gone beyond-sea; she had a good house and
well-furnished, and had some jointure of her own estate which supported
her and her children, so that she did not want; but she was not at all
above such a help as my being there was to her, so she was as glad of me
as I was of her.

However, as I knew there was no way to fix this new acquaintance like
making myself a friend to her, I began with making her some handsome
presents, and the like to her children; and first, opening my bundles
one day in my chamber, I heard her in another room, and called her in
with a kind of familiar way; there I showed her some of my fine clothes,
and having among the rest of my things a piece of very fine new holland
which I had bought a little before, worth about nine shillings an ell, I
pulled it out. "Here, my friend," says I, "I will make you a present if
you will accept of it"; and with that I laid the piece of holland in her

I could see she was surprised, and that she could hardly speak. "What
dost thou mean?" says she; "indeed, I cannot have the face to accept so
fine a present as this "; adding, "'tis fit for thy own use, but 'tis
above my wear indeed." I thought she had meant she must not wear it so
fine because she was a Quaker, so I returned, "Why, do not you Quakers
wear fine linen neither?" "Yes," says she, "we wear fine linen when we
can afford it, but this is too good for me." However, I made her take
it, and she was very thankful too. But my end was answered another way,
for by this I engaged her so that as I found her a woman of
understanding and of honesty too, I might upon any occasion have a
confidence in her, which was indeed what I very much wanted.

By accustoming myself to converse with her, I had not only learnt to
dress like a Quaker, but so used myself to "thee" and "thou," that I
talked like a Quaker too, as readily and naturally as if I had been born
among them; and, in a word, I passed for a Quaker among all people that
did not know me. I went but little abroad, but I had been so used to a
coach that I knew not how well to go without one; besides, I thought it
would be a further disguise to me, so I told my Quaker friend one day
that I thought I lived too close, that I wanted air. She proposed taking
a hackney-coach sometimes or a boat, but I told her I had always had a
coach of my own till now and I could find in my heart to have one again.

She seemed to think it strange at first, considering how close I lived,
but had nothing to say when she found that I did not value the expense;
so, in short, I resolved I would have a coach. When we came to talk of
equipages, she extolled the having all things plain; I said so too. So I
left it to her direction, and a coachmaker was sent for, and he provided
me a plain coach, no gilding or painting, lined with a light-grey cloth,
and my coachman had a coat of the same, and no lace on his hat.

When all was ready I dressed myself in the dress I bought of her, and
said, "Come, I'll be a Quaker to-day, and you and I'll go abroad ";
which we did, and there was not a Quaker in the town looked less like a
counterfeit than I did. But all this was my particular plot to be the
more completely concealed, and that I might depend upon being not known
and yet need not be confined like a prisoner and be always in fear; so
that all the rest was grimace.

Chapter  20

WE lived here very easy and quiet, and yet I cannot say I was so in my
mind. I was like a fish out of water; I was as gay and as young in my
disposition as I was at five-and-twenty, and as I had always been
courted, flattered, and used to love it, so I missed it in my
conversation; and this put me many times upon looking back upon things

I had very few moments in my life which in their reflection afforded me
anything but regret, but of all the foolish actions I had to look back
upon in my life, none looked so preposterous and so like distraction,
nor left so much melancholy on my mind, as my parting with my friend the
merchant of Paris, and the refusing him upon such honourable and just
conditions as he had offered; and though on his just (which I called
unkind) rejecting my invitation to come to him again I had looked on him
with some disgust, yet now my mind ran upon him continually, and the
ridiculous conduct of my refusing him, and I could never be satisfied
about him. I flattered myself that if I could but see him I could yet
master him, and that he would presently forget all that had passed that
might be thought unkind; but as there was no room to imagine anything
like that to be possible, I threw those thoughts off again as much as I

However, they continually returned, and I had no rest night or day for
thinking of him whom I had forgot above eleven years. I told Amy of it,
and we talked it over sometimes in bed, almost whole nights together. At
last Amy started a thing of her own head which put it in a way of
management, though a wild one too. "You are so uneasy, madam," says she,
"about this Mr. ---- the merchant at Paris; come," says she, "if you'll
give me leave I'll go over and see what's become of him."

"Not for ten thousand pounds," said I; "no, nor if you met him in the
street, not to offer to speak to him on my account." "No," says Amy, "I
would not speak to him at all, or if I did, I warrant you it shall not
look to be upon your account; I'll only enquire after him, and if he is
in being, you shall hear of him; if not, you shall hear of him still,
and that may be enough."

"Why," says I, "if you will promise me not to enter into anything
relating to me with him, nor to begin any discourse at all unless he
begins it with you, I could almost be persuaded to let you go and try."

Amy promised me all that I desired, and in a word, to cut the story
short, I let her go, but tied her up to so many particulars that it was
almost impossible her going could signify anything; and had she intended
to observe them she might as well have stayed at home as have gone, for
I charged her if she came to see him she should not so much as take
notice that she knew him again, and if he spoke to her she should tell
him she was come away from me a great many years ago and knew nothing
what was become of me; that she had been come over to France six years
ago, and was married there and lived at Calais, or to that purpose.

Amy promised me nothing indeed, for, as she said, it was impossible for
her to resolve what would be fit to do or not to do till she was there
upon the spot, and had found out the gentleman or heard of him, but that
then, if I would trust her as I had always done, she would answer for it
that she would do nothing but what should be for my interest, and what
she would hope I should be very well pleased with.

With this general commission, Amy, notwithstanding she had been so
frighted at the sea, ventured her carcase once more by water, and away
she goes to France. She had four articles of confidence in charge to
enquire after for me, and, as I found by her, she had one for herself. I
say four for me, because though her first and principal errand was to
inform herself of my Dutch merchant, yet I gave her in charge to
enquire, secondly, after my husband, whom I left a trooper in the
Gendarmes; thirdly, after that rogue of a Jew, whose very name I hated,
and of whose face I had such a frightful idea, that Satan himself could
not counterfeit a worse; and lastly, after my foreign Prince. And she
discharged herself very well of them all, though not so successful as I

Amy had a very good passage over the sea, and I had a letter from her
from Calais in three days after she went from London. When she came to
Paris she wrote me an account, that as to her first and most important
enquiry, which was after the Dutch merchant; her account was that he had
returned to Paris, lived three years there and, quitting that city, went
to live at Rouen. So away goes Amy for Rouen.

But as she was going to bespeak a place in the coach to Rouen, she meets
very accidentally in the street with her gentleman, as I called him,
that is to say, the Prince de ----'s gentleman, who had been her
favourite, as above.

You may be sure there were several other kind things happened between
Amy and him, as you shall hear afterwards. But the two main things were
that Amy enquired about his lord, and had a full account of him; of
which presently; and in the next place, telling him whither she was
going, and for what. He bade her not go yet, for that he would have a
particular account of it the next day from a merchant that knew him; and
accordingly he brought her word the next day that he had been for six
years before that gone for Holland, and that he lived there still.

This, I say, was the first news from Amy for some time--I mean about my
merchant. In the meantime, Amy, as I have said, enquired about the other
persons she had in her instructions. As for the Prince, the gentleman
told her he was gone into Germany, where his estate lay, and that he
lived there; that he had made great enquiry after me, that he (his
gentleman) had made all the search he had been able, for me, but that he
could not hear of me; that he believed if his lord had known I had been
in England, he would have gone over to me, but that, after long enquiry,
he was obliged to give it over, but that he verily believed if he could
have found me he would have married me; and that he was extremely
concerned that he could hear nothing of me.

I was not at all satisfied with Amy's account but ordered her to go to
Rouen herself, which she did, and there with much difficulty (the person
she was directed to being dead)--I say with much difficulty, she came to
be informed that my merchant had lived there two years or something
more; but that having met with a very great misfortune, he had gone back
to Holland, as the French merchant said, where he had stayed two years;
but with this addition, viz. that he came back again to Rouen and lived
in good reputation there another year, and afterwards he was gone to
England, and that he lived in London. But Amy could by no means learn
how to write to him there, till by great accident an old Dutch skipper
who had formerly served him, coming to Rouen, Amy was told of it; and he
told her that he lodged in Laurence Pountney Lane in London, but was to
be seen every day upon the Exchange, in the French Walk.

This, Amy thought, it was time enough to tell me of when she came over,
and besides, she did not find this Dutch skipper till she had spent four
or five months, and been again at Paris and then come back to Rouen for
further information. But in the meantime she wrote me from Paris, that
he was not to be found by any means, that he had been gone from Paris
seven or eight years, that she was told he had lived at Rouen and she
was a-going thither to enquire, but that she had heard afterwards that
he was gone also from thence to Holland, so she did not go.

This, I say, was Amy's first account, and I, not satisfied with it, had
sent her an order to go to Rouen to enquire there also, as above.

While this was negotiating, and I received these accounts from Amy at
several times, a strange adventure happened to me which I must mention
just here. I had been abroad to take the air as usual, with my Quaker,
as far as Epping Forest, and we were driving back towards London, when
on the road between Bow and Mile End two gentlemen on horseback came
riding by, having overtaken the coach and passed it, and went forward
towards London.

They did not ride apace, though they passed the coach, for we went very
softly, nor did they look into the coach at all, but rode side by side,
earnestly talking to one another and inclining their faces sideways a
little towards one another, he that went nearest the coach with his face
from it, and he that was furthest from the coach with his face towards
it, and passing in the very next track to the coach, I could hear them
talk Dutch very distinctly. But it is impossible to describe the
confusion I was in when I plainly saw that the farthest of the two, him
whose face looked towards the coach, was my friend the Dutch merchant of

If it had been possible to conceal my disorder from my friend the
Quaker, I would have done it, but I found she was too well acquainted
with such things not to take the hint. "Dost thou understand Dutch?"
said she. "Why?" said I. "Why," says she, "'tis easy to suppose that
thou art a little concerned at somewhat those men say, I suppose they
are talking of thee." "Indeed, my good friend," said I, "thou art
mistaken this time, for I know very well what they are talking of, but
'tis all about ships and trading affairs." "Well," says she, "then one
of them is a man friend of thine, or somewhat is the case, for though
thy tongue will not confess it, thy face does."

I was going to have told a bold lie and said I knew nothing of them, but
I found it was impossible to conceal it, so I said, "Indeed, I think I
know the farthest of them, but I have neither spoken to him nor so much
as seen him for above eleven years." "Well, then," says she, "thou hast
seen him with more than common eyes when thou didst see him, or else
seeing him now would not be such a surprise to thee." "Indeed," said I,
"'tis true I am a little surprised at seeing him just now, for I thought
he had been in quite another part of the world, and I can assure you I
never saw him in England in my life." "Well, then, 'tis the more likely
he is come over now on purpose to seek thee." "No, no," said I,
"knight-errantry is over, women are not so hard to come at that men
should not be able to please themselves without running from one kingdom
to another." "Well, well," says she, "I would have him see thee for all
that, as plainly as thou hast seen him." "No, but he shan't," says I,
"for I am sure he don't know me in this dress, and I'll take care he
shan't see my face if I can help it"; so I held up my fan before my
face, and she saw me resolute in that, so she pressed me no further.

We had several discourses upon the subject, but still I let her know I
was resolved he should not know me; but at last I confessed so much,
that though I would not let him know who I was or where I lived, I did
not care if I knew where he lived and how I might enquire about him. She
took the hint immediately, and her servant being behind the coach, she
called him to the coach side and bade him keep his eye upon that
gentleman, and as soon as the coach came to the end of Whitechapel he
should get down and follow him closely, so as to see where he put up his
horse, and then to go into the inn and enquire, if he could, who he was
and where he lived.

The fellow followed diligently to the gate of an inn in Bishopsgate
Street, and seeing him go in, made no doubt but that he had him fast,
but was confounded when upon enquiry he found the inn was a thoroughfare
into another street, and that the two gentlemen had only rode through
the inn as the way to the street where they were going, and so, in
short, came back no wiser than he went.

My kind Quaker was more vexed at the disappointment, at least apparently
so, than I was, and asking the fellow if he was sure he knew the
gentleman again if he saw him, the fellow said he had followed him so
close, and took so much notice of him in order to do his errand as it
ought to be done, that he was very sure he should know him again, and
that, besides, he was sure he should know his horse.

This part was indeed likely enough, and the kind Quaker, without telling
me anything of the matter, caused her man to place himself just at the
corner of Whitechapel Church Wall every Saturday in the afternoon, that
being the day when the citizens chiefly ride abroad to take the air, and
there to watch all the afternoon and look for him.

It was not till the fifth Saturday that her man came, I with a great
deal of joy, and gave her an account that he had found out the
gentleman; that he was a Dutchman, but a French merchant; that he came
from Rouen, and his name was ----, and that he lodged at Mr. ---- on
Laurence Pountney Hill. I was surprised, you may be sure, when she came
and told me one evening all the particulars, except that of having set
her man to watch. "I have found out thy Dutch friend," says she, "and
can tell thee how to find him too." I coloured again as red as fire.
"Then thou hast dealt with the Evil One, friend," said I very gravely.
"No, no," says she, "I have no familiar; but I tell thee I have found
him for thee," and his name is so-and-so, and he lives as above recited.

I was surprised again at this, not being able to imagine how she should
come to know all this. However, to put me out of pain she told me what
she had done. "Well," said I, "thou art very kind, but this is not worth
thy pains; for now I know it, 'tis only to satisfy my curiosity, for I
shall not send to him upon any account." "Be that as thou wilt," says
she; "besides," added she, "thou art in the right to say so to me, for
why should I be trusted with it? Though if I were, I assure thee, I
should not betray thee." "That is very kind," said I, "and I believe
thee; and assure thyself, if I do send to him, thou shalt know it, and
be trusted with it too."

During this interval of five weeks I suffered a hundred thousand
perplexities of mind. I was thoroughly convinced I was right as to the
person, that it was the man; I knew him so well, and saw him so plain, I
could not be deceived. I drove out again in the coach (on pretence of
air), almost every day, in hopes of seeing him again, but was never so
lucky as to see him; and now I had made the discovery, I was as far to
seek what measures to take as I was before.

To send to him, or speak to him first if I should see him, so as to be
known to him, that I resolved not to do if I died for it; to watch him
about his lodging, that was as much below my spirit as the other; so
that, in a word, I was at a perfect loss how to act or what to do.

At length came Amy's letter with the last account which she had at Rouen
from the Dutch skipper, which, confirming the other, left me out of
doubt that this was my man; but still no human invention could bring me
to the speech of him in such a manner as would suit with my resolutions;
for, after all, how did I know what his circumstances were? whether
married or single? And if he had a wife, I know he was so honest a man
he would not so much as converse with me, or so much as know me, if he
met me in the street.

In the next place, as he had entirely neglected me, which, in short, is
the worst way of slighting a woman, and had given no answer to my
letters, I did not know but he might be the same man still; so I
resolved that I could do nothing in it unless some fairer opportunity
presented which might make my way clearer to me, for I was determined he
should have no room to put any more slights upon me.

In these thoughts I passed away near three months, till at last (being
impatient) I resolved to send for Amy to come over and tell her how
things stood, and that I would do nothing till she came. Amy in answer
sent me word she would come away with all speed, but begged of me that I
would enter into no engagement with him or anybody till she arrived; but
still keeping me in the dark as to the thing itself which she had to
say, at which I was heartily vexed, for many reasons.

But while all these things were transacting, and letters and answers
passed between Amy and I a little slower than usual, at which I was not
so well pleased as I used to be with Amy's dispatch--I say in this time
the following scene opened.

It was one afternoon about four o'clock, my friendly Quaker and I
sitting in her chamber upstairs, and very cheerful, chatting together
(for she was the best company in the world), when somebody ringing
hastily at the door, and no servant just then in the way, she ran down
herself to the door; when a gentleman appears with a footman attending,
and making some apologies which she did not thoroughly understand, he
speaking but broken English. He asked to speak with me by the very same
name that I went by in her house; which, by the way, was not the name
that he had known me by.

She with very civil language, in her way, brought him into a very
handsome parlour below-stairs, and said she would go and see whether the
person who lodged in her house owned that name, and he should hear

I was a little surprised even before I knew anything of who it was, my
mind foreboding the thing as it happened (whence that arises, let the
naturalists explain to us), but I was frighted and ready to die when my
Quaker came up all gay and crowing. "There," says she, "is the Dutch
French merchant come to see thee." I could not speak one word to her nor
stir off my chair, but sat as motionless as a statue. She talked a
thousand pleasant things to me, but they made no impression on me. At
last she pulled me and teased me. "Come, come," says she, "be thyself
and rouse up, I must go down again to him; what shall I say to him?"
"Say," said I, "that you have no such body in the house." "That I cannot
do," says she, "because it is not the truth; besides, I have owned thou
art above. Come, come, go down with me." "Not for a thousand guineas,"
said I. "Well," says she, "I'll go and tell him thou wilt come quickly."
So, without giving me time to answer her, away she goes.

A million of thoughts circulated in my head while she was gone, and what
to do I could not tell. I saw no remedy but I must speak with him, but
would have given 500 to have shunned it; yet, had I shunned it, perhaps
then I would have given 500 again that I had seen him. Thus fluctuating
and unconcluding were my thoughts, what I so earnestly desired I
declined when it offered itself, and what now I pretended to decline was
nothing but what I had been at the expense of 40 or 50 to send Amy to
France for, and even without any view, or indeed any rational
expectation, of bringing it to pass; and what for half a year before I
was so uneasy about, that I could not be quiet night or day, till Amy
proposed to go over to enquire after him. In short, my thoughts were all
confused and in the utmost disorder. I had once refused and rejected
him, and I repented it heartily; then I had taken ill his silence, and
in my mind rejected him again, but had repented that too. Now I had
stooped so low as to send after him into France, which if he had known,
perhaps he had never come after me; and should I reject him a third
time! On the other hand, he had repented too in his turn perhaps, and
not knowing how I had acted, either in stooping to send in search after
him or in the wickeder part of my life, was come over hither to seek me
again; and I might take him perhaps with the same advantages as I might
have done before, and would I now be backward to see him! Well, while I
was in this hurry, my friend the Quaker comes up again, and, perceiving
the confusion I was in, she runs to her closet and fetched me a little
pleasant cordial, but I would not taste it. "Oh," says she, "I
understand thee; be not uneasy, I'll give thee something shall take off
all the smell of it; if he kisses thee a thousand times he shall be no
wiser." I thought with myself, "Thou art perfectly acquainted with
affairs of this nature, I think you must govern me now," so I began to
incline to go down with her. Upon that I took the cordial, and she gave
me a kind of spicy preserve after it, whose flavour was so strong, and
yet so deliciously pleasant, that it would cheat the nicest smelling,
and it left not the least taint of the cordial on the breath.

Well, after this (though with some hesitation still) I went down a pair
of back-stairs with her and into a dining-room, next to the parlour in
which he was, but there I halted and desired she would let me consider
of it a little. "Well, do so," says she, and left me with more readiness
than she did before; "do consider, and I'll come to thee again."

Though I hung back with an awkwardness that was really unfeigned, yet
when she so readily left me, I thought it was not so kind, and I began
to think she should have pressed me still on to it; so foolishly
backward are we to the thing which of all the world we most desire,
mocking ourselves with a feigned reluctance when the negative would be
death to us. But she was too cunning for me, for while I, as it were,
blamed her in my mind for not carrying me to him, though at the same
time I appeared backward to see him, on a sudden she unlocks the
folding-doors which looked into the next parlour, and throwing them
open, "There," says she, ushering him in, "is the person whom I suppose
thou enquireth for "; and the same moment, with a kind decency she
retired, and that so swift that she would not give us leave hardly to
know which way she went.

I stood up, but was confounded with a sudden enquiry in my thoughts how
I should receive him, and with a resolution as swift as lightning, in
answer to it, said to myself, "It shall be coldly "; so on a sudden I
put on an air of stiffness and ceremony, and held it for about two
minutes, but it was with great difficulty.

He restrained himself too, on the other hand, came towards me gravely,
and saluted me in form; but it was, it seems, upon his supposing the
Quaker was behind him, whereas she, as I said, understood things too
well, and had retired as if she had vanished, that we might have full
freedom. For, as she said afterwards, she supposed we had seen one
another before, though it might have been a great while ago.

Whatever stiffness I had put on my behaviour to him, I was surprised in
my mind and angry at his, and began to wonder what kind of a ceremonious
meeting it was to be. However, after he perceived the woman was gone, he
made a kind of a hesitation, looking a little round him. "Indeed," said
he, "I thought the gentlewoman was not withdrawn," and with that he took
me in his arms and kissed me three or four times; but I, that was
prejudiced to the last degree with the coldness of his first salutes
when I did not know the cause of it, could not be thoroughly cleared of
the prejudice though I did know the cause, and thought that even his
return and taking me in his arms did not seem to have the same ardour
with which he used to receive me, and this made me behave to him
awkwardly, and I know not how, for a good while. But this by the way.

He began with a kind of ecstasy upon the subject of his finding me out;
how it was possible that he should have been four years in England and
had used all the ways imaginable, and could never so much as have the
least intimation of me or of any one like me; and that it was now above
two years that he had despaired of it, and had given over all enquiry;
and that now he should chop upon me, as it were, unlooked and unsought

I could easily have accounted for his not finding me if I had but set
down the detail of my real retirement, but I gave it a new, and indeed a
truly hypocritical turn. I told him that any one that knew the manner of
life I led might account for his not finding me; that the retreat I had
taken up would have rendered it a hundred thousand to one odds that he
ever found me at all; that as I had abandoned all conversation, taken up
another name, lived remote from London, and had not preserved one
acquaintance in it, it was no wonder he had not met with me; that even
my dress would let him see that I did not desire to be known by anybody.

Then he asked if I had not received some letters from him. I told him,
no, he had not thought fit to give me the civility of an answer to the
last I wrote to him, and he could not suppose I should expect a return
after a silence in a case where I had laid myself so low and exposed
myself in a manner I had never been used to; that indeed I had never
sent for any letters after that to the place where I had ordered his to
be directed; and that being so justly, as I thought, punished for my
weakness, I had nothing to do but to repent of being a fool, after I had
strictly adhered to a just principle before. That, however, as what I
did was rather from motions of gratitude than from real weakness,
however it might be construed by him, I had the satisfaction in myself
of having fully discharged the debt. I added that I had not wanted
occasions of all the seeming advancements which the pretended felicity
of a married life was usually set off with, and might have been what I
desired not to name; but that, however low I had stooped to him, I had
maintained the dignity of female liberty against all the attacks either
of pride or avarice, and that I had been infinitely obliged to him for
giving me an opportunity to discharge the only obligation that
endangered me, without subjecting me to the consequence; and that I
hoped he was satisfied I had paid the debt, by offering myself to be
chained, but was infinitely debtor to him another way, for letting me
remain free.

He was so confounded at this discourse that he knew not what to say, and
for a good while he stood mute indeed, but, recovering himself a little,
he said I ran out into a discourse he hoped was over and forgotten, and
he did not intend to revive it; that he knew I had not had his letters,
for that when he first came to England he had been at the place to which
they were directed, and found them all lying there but one, and that the
people had not known how to deliver them; that he thought to have had a
direction there how to find me, but had the mortification to be told
that they did not so much as know who I was; that he was under a great
disappointment, and that I ought to know, in answer to all my
resentments, that he had done a long, and (he hoped) a sufficient
penance for the slight that I had supposed he had put upon me; that it
was true (and I could not suppose any other) that upon the repulse I had
given him in a case so circumstanced as his was, and after such earnest
entreaties and such offers as he had made me, he went away with a mind
heartily grieved and full of resentment; that he had looked back on the
crime he had committed, with some regret, but on the cruelty of my
treatment of the poor infant I went with at that time, with the utmost
detestation, and that this made him unable to send an agreeable answer
to me, for which reason he had sent none at all for some time; but that
in about six or seven months, those resentments wearing off by the
return of his affection to me and his concern in the poor child----. There
he stopped, and indeed tears stood in his eyes, while in a parenthesis
he only added, and to this minute he did not know whether it was dead or
alive. He then went on, those resentments wearing off; he sent me
several letters, I think he said seven or eight, but received no answer;
that then his business obliging him to go to Holland, he came to
England, as in his way, but found as above that his letters had not been
called for, but that he left them at the house after paying the postage
of them, and then going back to France, he was yet uneasy and could not
refrain the knight-errantry of coming to England again to seek me,
though he knew neither where or of whom to enquire for me, being
disappointed in all his enquiries before. That he had yet taken up his
residence here, firmly believing that one time or other he should meet
me or hear of me, and that some kind chance would at last throw him in
my way; that he had lived thus above four years, and though his hopes
were vanished, yet he had not any thoughts of removing any more in the
world, unless it should be at last, as it is with other old men, he
might have some inclination to go home to die in his own country, but
that he had not thought of it yet; that if I would consider all these
steps I would find some reasons to forget his first resentments, and to
think that penance, as he called it, which he had undergone in search of
me, an amende honorable in reparation of the affront given to the
kindness of my letter of invitation, and that we might at last make
ourselves some satisfaction on both sides for the mortifications past.

I confess I could not hear all this without being moved very much, and
yet I continued a little stiff and formal too a good while. I told him
that before I could give him any reply to the rest of his discourse, I
ought to give him the satisfaction of telling him that his son was
alive; and that indeed, since I saw him so concerned about it and
mention it with such affection, I was sorry that I had not found out
some way or other to let him know it sooner, but that I thought, after
his slighting the mother, as above, he had summed up his affection to
the child, in the letter he had wrote to me about providing for it, and
that he had, as other fathers often do, looked upon it as a birth which,
being out of the way, was to be forgotten, as its beginning was to be
repented of; that in providing sufficiently for it, he had done more
than all such fathers used to do, and might be well satisfied with it.

He answered me that he should have been very glad if I had been so good
but to have given him the satisfaction of knowing the poor unfortunate
creature was yet alive, and he would have taken some care of it upon
himself, and particularly by owning it for a legitimate child, which,
where nobody had known to the contrary, would have taken off the infamy
which would otherwise cleave to it, and so the child should not itself
have known anything of its own disaster; but that he feared it was now
too late.

He added that I might see by all his conduct since that, what unhappy
mistake drew him into the thing at first, and that he would have been
very far from doing the injury to me or being instrumental to add une
misrable (that was his word) to the world, if he had not been drawn
into it by the hopes he had of making me his own; but that, if it was
possible to rescue the child from the consequences of its unhappy birth,
he hoped I would give him leave to do it, and he would let me see that
he had both means and affection still to do it; and that,
notwithstanding all the misfortunes that had befallen him, nothing that
belonged to him, especially by a mother he had such a concern for as he
had for me, should ever want what he was in a condition to do for it.

I could not hear this without being sensibly touched with it. I was
ashamed that he should show that he had more real affection for the
child, though he had never seen it in his life, than I that bore it, for
indeed I did not love the child nor love to see it; and though I had
provided for it, yet I did it by Amy's hand, and had not seen it above
twice in four years, being privately resolved that when it grew up, it
should not be able to call me mother.

However, I told him the child was taken care of, and that he need not be
anxious about it unless he suspected that I had less affection for it
than he, that had never seen it in his life; that he knew what I had
promised him to do for it, namely, to give it the thousand pistoles
which I had offered him, and which he had declined; that I assured him I
had made my will, and that I had left it 5,000 and the interest of it
till he should come of age if I died before that time; that I would
still be as good as that to it, but if he had a mind to take it from me
into his government I would not be against it, and to satisfy him that I
would perform what I said, I would cause the child to be delivered to
him and the 5,000 also for its support, depending upon it that he would
show himself a father to it, by what I saw of his affection to it now.

I had observed that he had hinted two or three times in his discourse
his having had misfortunes in the world, and I was a little surprised at
the expression, especially at the repeating it so often, but I took no
notice of that part yet.

He thanked me for my kindness to the child, with a tenderness which
showed the sincerity of all he had said before, and which increased the
regret with which, as I said, I looked back on the little affection I
had shown to the poor child. He told me he did not desire to take him
from me, but so as to introduce him into the world as his own, which he
could still do, having lived absent from his other children (for he had
two sons and a daughter, which were brought up at Nimeguen in Holland
with a sister of his) so long, that he might very well send another son
of ten years old to be bred up with them and suppose his mother to be
dead or alive, as he found occasion; and that as I had resolved to do so
handsomely for the child, he would add to it something considerable;
though, having had some great disappointments (repeating the words), he
could not do for it as he would otherwise have done.

I then thought myself obliged to take notice of his having so often
mentioned his having met with disappointments. I told him I was very
sorry to hear he had met with anything afflicting to him in the world;
that I would not have anything belonging to me add to his loss or weaken
him in what he might do for his other children; and that I would not
agree to his having the child away, though the proposal was infinitely
to the child's advantage, unless he would promise me that the whole
expense should be mine, and that if he did not think 5,000 enough for
the child, I would give it more.

We had so much discourse upon this and the old affairs, that it took up
all our time at his first visit. I was a little importunate with him to
tell me how he came to find me out, but he put it off for that time, and
only obtaining my leave to visit me again, he went away; and indeed my
heart was so full with what he had said already, that I was glad when he
went away. Sometimes I was full of tenderness and affection for him, and
especially when he expressed himself so earnestly and passionately about
the child; other times I was crowded with doubts about his
circumstances. Sometimes I was terrified with apprehensions lest if I
should come into a close correspondence with him, he should any way come
to hear what kind of life I had led at Pall Mall and in other places,
and it might make me miserable afterwards; from which last thought I
concluded that I had better repulse him again, than receive him. All
these thoughts and many more crowded in so fast, I say, upon me, that I
wanted to give vent to them and get rid of him, and was very glad when
he was gone away.

We had several meetings after this, in which still we had so many
preliminaries to go through, that we scarce ever bordered upon the main
subject; once indeed he said something of it, and I put it off with a
kind of a jest. "Alas!" says I, "those things are out of the question
now; 'tis almost two ages since those things were talked between us,"
says I; "you see I am grown an old woman since that." Another time he
gave a little push at it again, and I laughed again. "Why, what dost
thou talk of?" said I in a formal way, "dost thou not see I am turned
Quaker? I cannot speak of those things now." "Why," says he, "the
Quakers marry, as well as other people, and love one another as well;
besides," says he, "the Quaker's dress does not ill become you "; and so
jested with me again, and so it went off for a third time. However, I
began to be kind to him in process of time, as they call it, and we grew
very intimate, and if the following accident had not unluckily
intervened, I had certainly married him, or consented to marry him, the
very next time he had asked me.

Chapter  21

I had long waited for a letter from Amy, who it seems was just at that
time gone to Rouen the second time, to make her enquiries about him; and
I received a letter from her at this unhappy juncture which gave me the
following account of my business:

1. That for my gentleman, whom I had now, as I may say, in my arms, she
said he had been gone from Paris, as I have hinted, having met with some
great losses and misfortunes; that he had been in Holland on that very
account, whither he had also carried his children; that he was after
that settled for some time at Rouen; that she had been at Rouen, and
found there (by a mere accident), from a Dutch skipper, that he was in
London, had been there above three years; that he was to be found upon
the Exchange, on the French Walk, and that he lodged at Laurence
Pountney Lane, and the like.

So Amy said she supposed I might soon find him out, but that she doubted
he was poor, and not worth looking after. This she did because of the
next clause, which the jade had most mind to on many accounts.

2. That as to the Prince ----, that, as above, he was gone into Germany,
where his estate lay; that he had quitted the French service, and lived
retired; that she had seen his gentleman, who remained at Paris to
solicit his arrears, etc.; that he had given her an account how his lord
had employed him to enquire for me and find me out, as above, and told
her what pains he had taken to find me; that he had understood that I
was gone to England; that he once had orders to go to England to find
me; that his lord had resolved, if he could have found me, to have
called me a countess, and so have married me and leave carried me into
Germany with him; and that his commission was still to assure me that
the Prince would marry me if I would come to him; and that he would send
him an account that he had found me, and did not doubt but he would have
orders to come over to England to attend me, in a figure suitable to my

Amy, an ambitious jade, who knew my weakest part, namely, that I loved
great things and that I loved to be flattered and courted, said
abundance of kind things upon this occasion which she knew were suitable
to me and would prompt my vanity, and talked big of the Prince's
gentleman having orders to come over to me with a procuration to marry
me by proxy (as princes usually do in like cases), and to furnish me
with an equipage and I know not how many fine things, but told me
withal, that she had not yet let him know that she belonged to me still,
or that she knew where to find me or to write to me, because she was
willing to see the bottom of it, and whether it was a reality or a
gasconade. She had indeed told him that if he had any such commission,
she would endeavour to find me out, but no more.

3. For the Jew, she assured me that she had not been able to come at a
certainty what was become of him or in what part of the world he was;
but that thus much she had learned from good hands, that he had
committed a crime, in being concerned in a design to rob a rich banker
at Paris, and that he was fled, and had not been heard of there for
above six years.

4. For that of my husband the brewer, she learned that, being commanded
into the field upon an occasion of some action in Flanders, he was
wounded at the battle of Mons, and died of his wounds in the hospital of
the Invalides; so there was an end of my four enquiries which I sent her
over to make.

This account of the Prince and the return of his affection for me, with
all the flattering great things which seemed to come along with it, and
especially as they came gilded and set out by my maid Amy--I say this
account of the Prince came to me in a very unlucky hour, and in the very
crisis of my affair.

The merchant and I had entered into close conferences upon the grand
affair. I had left off talking my platonics, and of my independency and
being a free woman, as before; and he having cleared up my doubts too,
as to his circumstances and the misfortunes he had spoken of, I had gone
so far that we had begun to consider where we should live, and in what
figure, what equipage, what house, and the like.

I had made some harangues upon the delightful retirement of a country
life, and how we might enjoy ourselves so effectually without the
encumbrances of business and the world; but all this was grimace, and
purely because I was afraid to make any public appearance in the world
for fear some impertinent person of quality should chop upon again and
cry out, Roxana! Roxana! by ----, with an oath, as had been done before.

My merchant, bred to business and used to converse among men of
business, could hardly tell how to live without it; at least it appeared
he should be like a fish out of water, uneasy and dying. But, however,
he joined with me, only argued that we might live as near London as we
could; that he might sometimes come to 'Change and hear how the world
should go abroad, and how it fared with his friends and his children.

I answered that if he chose, still to embarrass himself with business, I
supposed it would be more to his satisfaction to be in his own country,
and where his family was so well known, and where his children also

He smiled at the thoughts of that, and let me know that he should be
very willing to embrace such an offer, but that he could not expect it
of me, to whom England was, to be sure, so naturalised now, as that it
would be carrying me out of my native country, which he would not desire
by any means, however agreeable it might be to him.

I told him he was mistaken in me; that as I had told him so much of a
married state being a captivity and the family being a house of bondage,
that when I married I expected to be but an upper servant, so if I did,
notwithstanding, submit to it I hoped he should see I knew how to act
the servant's part and do everything to oblige my master; that if I did
not resolve to go with him wherever he desired to go, he might depend I
would never have him. "And did I not," said I, "offer myself to go with
you to the East Indies?"

All this while this was indeed but a copy of my countenance, for as my
circumstances would not admit my stay in London, at least not so as to
appear publicly, I resolved, if I took him, to live remote in the
country or go out of England with him.

But in an evil hour just now came Amy's letter, in the very middle of
all these discourses, and the fine things she had said about the Prince
began to make strange work with me. The notion of being a Princess and
going over to live where all that had happened here would have been
quite sunk out of knowledge, as well as out of memory (conscience
excepted), was mighty taking; the thoughts of being surrounded with
domestics, honoured with titles, be called Her Highness and live in all
the splendour of a Court, and, which was still more, in the arms of a
man of such rank, and who, I knew, loved and valued me--all this, in a
word, dazzled my eyes, turned my head, and I was as truly crazed and
distracted for about a fortnight as most of the people in Bedlam, though
perhaps not quite so far gone.

When my gentleman came to me the next time I had no notion of him; I
wished I had never received him at all; in short, I resolved to have no
more to say to him, so I feigned myself indisposed, and though I did
come down to him and speak to him a little, yet I let him see that I was
so ill that I was (as we say) no company, and that it would be kind in
him to give me leave to quit him for that time.

The next morning he sent a footman to enquire how I did, and I let him
know I had a violent cold and was very ill with it. Two days after, he
came again, and I let him see me again, but feigned myself so hoarse
that I could not speak to be heard, and that it was painful to me but to
whisper; and, in a word, I held him in this suspense near three weeks.

During this time I had a strange elevation upon my mind, and the Prince,
or the spirit of him, had such a possession of me that I spent most of
this time in the realising all the great things of a life with the
Prince, to my mind; pleasing my fancy with the grandeur I was supposing
myself to enjoy, and, withal, wickedly studying in what manner to put
off this gentleman and be rid of him for ever.

I cannot but say that sometimes the baseness of the action struck hard
with me; the honour and sincerity with which he had always treated me,
and, above all, the fidelity he had shown me at Paris, and that I owed
my life to him--I say all these stared in my face, and I frequently
argued with myself upon the obligation I was under to him, and how base
would it be now, too, after so many obligations and engagements, to cast
him off.

But the title of Highness and of a Princess, and all those fine things
as they came in, weighed down all this, and the sense of gratitude
vanished as if it had been a shadow.

At other times I considered the wealth I was mistress of, that I was
able to live like a princess though not a princess, and that my merchant
(for he had told me all the affair of his misfortune) was far from being
poor, or even mean; that together we were able to make up an estate of
between three and four thousand pounds a year, which was in itself equal
to some princes abroad. But though this was true, yet the name of
Princess and the flutter of it, in a word, the pride weighed them down,
and all these arguings generally ended to the disadvantage of my
merchant; so that, in short, I resolved to drop him and give him a final
answer at his next coming, namely, that something had happened in my
affairs which had caused me to alter my measures unexpectedly; and, in a
word, to desire him to trouble himself no further.

I think, verily, this rude treatment of him was for some time the effect
of a violent fermentation in my blood, for the very motion which the
steady contemplation of my fancied greatness had put my spirits into had
thrown me into a kind of fever, and I scarce knew what I did.

I have wondered since that it did not make me mad, nor do I now think it
strange to hear of those who have been quite lunatic with their pride,
that fancied themselves queens and empresses, and have made their
attendants serve them upon the knee, given visitors their hands to kiss,
and the like; for certainly, if pride will not turn the brain, nothing

However, the next time my gentleman came I had not courage enough, or
not ill-nature enough, to treat him in the rude manner I had resolved to
do; and it was very well I did not, for soon after I had another letter
from Amy in which was the mortifying news, and indeed surprising to me,
that my Prince (as I with a secret pleasure had called him) was very
much hurt by a bruise he had received in hunting (and engaging with) a
wild boar, a cruel and desperate sport which the noblemen of Germany, it
seems, much delight in.

This alarmed me indeed, and the more because Amy wrote me word that his
gentleman was gone away express to him, not without apprehensions that
he should find his master was dead before his coming home, but that he
(the gentleman) had promised her that as soon as he arrived he would
send back the same courier to her with an account of his master's
health, and of the main affair; and that he had obliged Amy to stay at
Paris fourteen days for his return, she having promised him before to
make it her business to go to England and to find me out for his lord if
he sent her such orders; and he was to send her a bill for fifty
pistoles for her journey. So Amy told me she waited for the answer.

This was a blow to me several ways; for, first, I was in a state of
uncertainty as to his person, whether he was alive or dead, and I was
not unconcerned in that part, I assure you; for I had an inexpressible
affection remaining for his person, besides the degree to which it was
revived by the view of a firmer interest in him; but this was not all,
for in losing him I for ever lost the prospect of all the gaiety and
glory that had made such an impression upon my imagination.

In this state of uncertainty, I say, by Amy's letter, I was like still
to remain another fortnight, and had I now continued the resolution of
using my merchant in the rude manner I once intended, I had made perhaps
a sorry piece of work of it indeed, and it was very well my heart failed
me as it did.

However, I treated him with a great many shuffles, and feigned stories
to keep him off from any closer conferences than we had already had,
that I might act afterwards as occasion might offer, one way or other.
But that which mortified me most was that Amy did not write, though the
fourteen days were expired. At last, to my great surprise, when I was
with the utmost impatience looking out at the window expecting the
postman that usually brought the foreign letters--I say I was agreeably
surprised to see a coach come to the yard gate where we lived, and my
woman Amy alight out of it and come towards the door, having the
coachman bringing several bundles after her.

I flew like lightning downstairs to speak to her, but was soon damped
with her news. "Is the Prince alive or dead, Amy?" says I. She spoke
coldly and slightly. "He is alive, madam," said she, "but it is not much
matter, I had as lieu he had been dead." So we went upstairs again to my
chamber, and there we began a serious discourse of the whole matter.

First she told me a long story of his being hurt by a wild boar, and of
the condition he was reduced to, so that everyone expected he should
die, the anguish of the wound having thrown him into a fever; with
abundance of circumstances too long to relate here; how he recovered of
that extreme danger, but continued very weak; how the gentleman had been
homme de parole and had sent back the courier as punctually as if it had
been to the King; that he had given a long account of his lord, and of
his illness and recovery. But the sum of the matter, as to me, was, that
as to the lady, his lord was turned penitent, was under some vows for
his recovery, and could not think any more on that affair; and
especially, the lady being gone, and that it had not been offered to
her, so there was no breach of honour; but that his lord was sensible of
the good offices of Mrs. Amy, and had sent her the fifty pistoles for
her trouble, as if she had really gone the journey.

I was, I confess, hardly able to bear the first surprise of this
disappointment. Amy saw it, and gapes out as was her way), "Lawd,
madam! never be concerned at it; you see he is gotten among the priests,
and I suppose they have saucily imposed some penance upon him, and, it
may be, sent him off an errand barefoot to some Madonna or Nostredame or
other, and he is off of his amours for the present; I'll warrant you
he'll be as wicked again as ever he was when he is got thorough well and
gets but out of their hands again. I hate this out-o'-season repentance;
what occasion had he in his repentance to be off of taking a good wife?
I should have been glad to see you have been a Princess and all that,
but if it can't be, never afflict yourself, you are rich enough to be a
princess to yourself; you don't want him, that's the best of it."

Well, I cried for all that, and was heartily vexed, and that a great
while; but as Amy was always at my elbow and always jogging it out of my
head with her mirth and her wit, it wore off again.

Then I told Amy all the story of my merchant, and how he had found me
out when I was in such a concern to find him; how it was true that he
lodged in Laurence Pountney Lane, and how I had had all the story of his
misfortune which she had heard of, in which he had lost above 8,000
sterling, and that he had told me frankly of it before she had sent me
any account of it, or at least before I had taken any notice that I had
heard of it.

Amy was very joyful at that part. "Well, madam. then," says Amy, "what
need you value the story of the Prince, and going I know not whither
into Germany, to lay your bones in another world and learn the devil's
language called High-Dutch. You are better here, by half," says Amy.
"Lawd, madam." says she, "why, are not you as rich as Croesus?"

Well, it was a great while still before I could bring myself off of this
fancied sovereignty, and I, that was so willing once to be mistress to a
King, was now ten thousand times more fond of being wife to a Prince.

So fast a hold has pride and ambition upon our minds, that when once it
gets admission, nothing is so chimerical but under this possession we
can form ideas of, in our fancy, and realise to our imagination. Nothing
can be so ridiculous as the simple steps we take in such cases; a man or
a woman becomes a mere malade imaginaire, and, I believe, may as easily
die with grief or run mad with joy (as the affair in his fancy appears
right or wrong), as if all was real and actually under the management of
the person.

I had indeed two assistants to deliver me from this snare, and these
were, first, Amy, who knew my disease, but was able to do nothing as to
the remedy; the second, the merchant, who really brought the remedy but
knew nothing of the distemper.

I remember when all these disorders were upon my thoughts, in one of the
visits my friend the merchant made me, he took notice that he perceived
I was under some unusual disorder; he believed, he said, that my
distemper, whatever it was, lay much in my head, and, it being summer
weather and very hot, proposed to me to go a little way into the air.

I started at his expression. "What," says I, "do you think then that I
am crazed? You should then propose a madhouse for my cure." "No, no,"
says he, "I do not mean anything like that, I hope the head may be
distempered and not the brain." Well, I was too sensible that he was
right, for I knew I had acted a strange wild kind of part with him, but
he insisted upon it, and pressed me to go into the country. I took him
short again. "What need you," says I, "send me out of your way? It is in
your power to be less troubled with me, and with less inconvenience to
us both."

He took that ill, and told me I used to have a better opinion of his
sincerity, and desired to know what he had done to forfeit my charity. I
mention this only to let you see how far I had gone in my measures of
quitting him, that is to say, how near I was of showing him how base,
ungrateful, and how vilely I could act. But I found I had carried the
jest far enough, and that a little matter might have made him sick of me
again as he was before, so I began by little and little to change my way
of talking to him, and to come to discourse to the purpose again, as we
had done before.

A while after this, when we were very merry and talking familiarly
together, he called me, with an air of particular satisfaction, his
princess. I coloured at the word, for it indeed touched me to the quick;
but he knew nothing of the reason of my being touched with it. "What
d'ye mean by that?" said I. "Nay," says he, "I mean nothing but that you
are a princess to me." "Well," says I, "as to that, I am content; and
yet I could tell you I might have been a princess if I would have
quitted you, and believe I could be so still." "It is not in my power to
make you a princess," says he, "but I can easily make you a lady here in
England, and a countess too, if you will go out of it."

I heard both with a great deal of satisfaction, for my pride remained,
though it had been balked, and I thought with myself that this proposal
would make me some amends for the loss of the title that had so tickled
my imagination another way; and I was impatient to understand what he
meant, but I would not ask him by any means, so it passed off for that

When he was gone I told Amy what he had said, and Amy was as impatient
to know the manner, how it could be, as I was; but the next time
(perfectly unexpected to me) he told me that he had accidentally
mentioned a thing to me last time he was with me, having not the least
thought of the thing itself; but not knowing but such a thing might be
of some weight to me, and that it might bring me respect among people
where I might appear, he had thought since of it, and was resolved to
ask me about it.

I made light of it, and told him that as he knew I had chosen a retired
life, it was of no value to me to be called Lady, or Countess either;
but that if he intended to drag me, as I might call it, into the world
again, perhaps it might be agreeable to him; but, besides that, I could
not judge of the thing, because I did not understand how either of them
was to be done.

He told me that money purchased titles of honour in almost all parts of
the world, though money could not give principles of honour, they must
come by birth and blood; that, however, titles sometimes assist to
elevate the soul and to infuse generous principles into the mind, and
especially where there was a good foundation laid in the persons; that
he hoped we should neither of us misbehave if we came to it, and that as
we knew how to wear a title without undue elevations, so it might sit as
well upon us as on another; that as to England, he had nothing to do but
to get an Act of Naturalisation in his favour, and he knew where to
purchase a patent for Baronet, that is to say, to have the honour and
title transferred to him. But if I intended to go abroad with him, he
had a nephew, the son of his elder brother, who had the title of Count,
with the estate annexed, which was but small, and that he had frequently
offered to make it over to him for a thousand pistoles, which was not a
great deal of money, and considering it was in the family already, he
would, upon my being willing, purchase it immediately.

I told him I liked the last best, but then I would not let him buy it
unless he would let me pay the thousand pistoles. "No, no," says he, "I
refused a thousand pistoles that I had more right to have accepted than
that, and you shall not be at so much expense now." "Yes," says I, "you
did refuse it, and perhaps repented it afterwards."

"I never complained," says he. "But I did," says I, "and often repented
it for you." "I do not understand you," says he. "Why," says I, "I
repented that I suffered you to refuse it." "Well, well," said he, "we
may talk of that hereafter, when you shall resolve which part of the
world you will make your settled residence in." Here he talked very
handsomely to me, and for a good while together; how it had been his lot
to live all his days out of his native country, and to be often shifting
and changing the situation of his affairs, and that I myself had not
always had a fixed abode; but that now, as neither of us was very young,
he fancied I would be for taking up our abode, where, if possible, we
might remove no more; that as to his part, he was of that opinion
entirely, only with this exception, that the choice of the place should
be mine, for that all places in the world were alike to him; only with
this single addition, namely, that I was with him.

I heard him with a great deal of pleasure, as well for his being willing
to give me the choice as for that I resolved to live abroad, for the
reason I have mentioned already, namely, lest I should at any time be
known in England, and all that story of Roxana and the balls should come
out; as also I was not a little tickled with the satisfaction of being
still a countess, though I could not be a Princess.

I told Amy all this story, for she was still my privy counsellor, but
when I asked her opinion she made me laugh heartily. "Now, which of the
two shall I take, Amy?" said I. "Shall I be a Lady, that is, a baronet's
lady in England, or a Countess in Holland?" The ready-witted jade, that
knew the pride of my temper too almost as well as did myself, answered
without the least hesitation, "Both, madam. Which of them!" says she,
repeating the words, "why not both of them? and then you will be really
a Princess; for sure, to be a Lady in English and a Countess in Dutch
may make a Princess in High-Dutch." Upon the whole, though Amy was in
jest, she put the thought into my head, and I resolved that, in short, I
would be both of them; which I managed as you shall hear.

First, I seemed to resolve that I would live and settle in England, only
with this condition, namely, that I would not live in London. I
pretended that it would choke me up, that I wanted breath when I was in
London, but that anywhere else I would be satisfied; and then I asked
him whether any seaport town in England would not suit him, because I
knew, though he seemed to leave off, he would always love to be among
business and conversing with men of business; and I named several
places, either nearest for business with France or with Holland, as
Dover or Southampton for the first, and Ipswich or Yarmouth or Hull for
the last; but I took care that we would resolve upon nothing. Only by
this it seemed to be certain that we should live in England.

It was time now to bring things to a conclusion, and so in about six
weeks' time more we settled all our preliminaries; and among the rest he
let me know that he should have the Bill for his naturalisation passed
time enough, so that he would be (as he called it) an Englishman before
we married. That was soon perfected, the parliament being then sitting,
and several other foreigners joining in the said Bill to save the

It was not above three or four days after, but that, without giving me
the least notice that he had so much as been about the patent for
Baronet, he brought it me in a fine embroidered bag, and, saluting me by
the name of my Lady ---- (joining his own surname to it), presented it
to me with his picture set with diamonds, and at the same time gave me a
breast jewel worth a thousand pistoles, and the next morning we were
married. Thus I put an end to all the intriguing part of my life, a life
full of prosperous wickedness; the reflections upon which were so much
the more afflicting, as the time had been spent in the grossest crimes,
which the more I looked back upon, the more black and horrid they
appeared, effectually drinking up all the comfort and satisfaction which
I might otherwise have taken in that part of life which was still before

Chapter  22

THE first satisfaction, however, that I took in the new condition I was
in, was in reflecting that at length the life of crime was over, and
that I was like a passenger coming back from the Indies, who having,
after many years' fatigues and hurry in business, gotten a good estate
with innumerable difficulties and hazards, is arrived safe at London
with all his effects, and has the pleasure of saying he shall never
venture upon the seas any more.

When we were married we came back immediately to my lodgings ( for the
church was but just by), and we were so privately married that none but
Amy and my friend the Quaker were acquainted with it. As soon as we came
into the house he took me in his arms, and kissing me, "Now you are my
own," says he. "Oh that you had been so good to have done this eleven
years ago." "Then," said I, "perhaps you would have been tired of me
long ago; 'tis much better now, for now all our happy days are to come.
Besides," said I, "I should not have been half so rich"; but that I said
to myself, for there was no letting him into the reason of it. "Oh,"
says he, "I should not have been tired of you; but besides having the
satisfaction of your company, it had saved me that unlucky blow at
Paris, which was a dead loss to me of above 8,000 pistoles, and all the
fatigues of so many years' hurry and business." And then he added, "But
I'll make you pay for it all, now I have you." I started a little at the
words. "Ay," said I, "do you threaten already? Pray what d'ye mean by
that?" and began to look a little grave.

"I'll tell you," says he, "very plainly what I mean," and still he held
me fast in his arms. "I intend from this time never to trouble myself
with any more business, so I shall never get one shilling for you more
than I have already; all that you will lose one way. Next, I intend not
to trouble myself with any of the care or trouble of managing what
either you have for me or what I have to add to it, but you shall e'en
take it all upon yourself as the wives do in Holland; so you will pay
for it that way too, for all the drudgery shall be yours. Thirdly, I
intend to condemn you to the constant bondage of my impertinent company,
for I shall tie you like a pedlar's pack, at my back, I shall scarce
ever be from you; for I am sure I can take delight in nothing else in
this world." "Very well," says I, "but I am pretty heavy; I hope you'll
set me down sometimes when you are a-weary." "As for that," says he,
"tire me if you can."

This was all jest and allegory, but it was all true in the moral of the
fable, as you shall hear in its place. We were very merry the rest of
the day, but without any noise or clutter, for he brought not one of his
acquaintance or friends, either English or foreigner. The honest Quaker
provided us a very noble dinner indeed, considering how few we were to
eat it, and every day that week she did the like, and would at last have
it be all at her own charge, which I was utterly averse to; first,
because I knew her circumstances not to be very great, though not very
low; and next, because she had been so true a friend and so cheerful a
comforter to me, ay, and counsellor too, in all this affair, that I had
resolved to make her a present that should be some help to her when all
was over.

But to return to the circumstances of our wedding. After being very
merry, as I have told you, Amy and the Quaker put us to bed, the honest
Quaker little thinking we had been a-bed together eleven years before;
nay, that was a secret which, as it happened, Amy herself did not know.
Amy grinned and made faces as if she had been pleased, but it came out
in so many words, when he was not by, the sum of her mumbling and
muttering was that this should have been done ten or a dozen years
before, that it would signify little now; that was to say, in short,
that her mistress was pretty near fifty, and too old to have any
children. I chid her; the Quaker laughed, complimented me upon my not
being so old as Amy pretended, that I could not be above forty, and
might have a houseful of children yet. But Amy, and I too, knew better
than she how it was; for, in short, I was old enough to have done
breeding, however I looked; but I made her hold her tongue.

In the morning my Quaker landlady came and visited us before we were up,
and made us eat cakes and drink chocolate in bed, and then left us again
and bid us take a nap upon it, which I believe we did; in short, she
treated us so handsomely, and with such an agreeable cheerfulness as
well as plenty, as made it appear to me that Quakers may, and that this
Quaker did, understand good manners as well as any other people.

I resisted her offer, however, of treating us for the whole week, and I
opposed it so long that I saw evidently that she took it ill, and would
have thought herself slighted if we had not accepted it; so I said no
more, but let her go on, only told her I would be even with her, and so
I was. However, for that week she treated us, as she said she would, and
did it so very fine and with such a profusion of all sorts of good
things, that the greatest burthen to her was how to dispose of things
that were left; for she never let anything, how dainty or however large,
be so much as seen twice among us.

I had some servants indeed which helped her off a little, that is to
say, two maids, for Amy was now a woman of business, not a servant, and
ate always with us. I had also a coachman and a boy. My Quaker had a
manservant too, but had but one maid, but she borrowed two more from
some of her friends for the occasion, and had a man-cook for dressing
the victuals.

She was only at a loss for plate, which she gave me a whisper of, and I
made Amy fetch a large strong-box which I had lodged in a safe hand, in
which was all the fine plate which I had provided on a worse occasion,
as is mentioned before, and I put it into the Quaker's hand, obliging
her not to use it as mine but as her own, for a reason I shall mention

I was now my Lady ----, and I must own I was exceedingly pleased with
it; 'twas so big and so great to hear myself called Her Ladyship, and
Your Ladyship, and the like, that I was like the Indian king at
Virginia, who, having a house built for him by the English and a lock
put upon the door, would sit whole days together with the key in his
hand, locking and unlocking and double-locking the door, with an
unaccountable pleasure at the novelty; so I could have sat a whole day
together to hear Amy talk to me and call me Your Ladyship at every word,
but after a while the novelty wore off and the pride of it abated, till
at last truly I wanted the other title as much as I did that of Ladyship

We lived this week in all the innocent mirth imaginable, and our
good-humoured Quaker was so pleasant in her way, that it was
particularly entertaining to us. We had no music at all or dancing, only
I now and then sung a French song to divert my spouse, who desired it,
and the privacy of our mirth greatly added to the pleasure of it. I did
not make many clothes for my wedding, having always a great many rich
clothes by me, which, with a little altering for the fashion, were
perfectly new. The next day he pressed me to dress though we had no
company. At last, jesting with him, I told him I believed I was able to
dress me so, in one kind of dress that I had by me, that he would not
know his wife when he saw her, especially if anybody else was by. No, he
said, that was impossible; and he longed to see that dress. I told him I
would dress me in it if he would promise me never to desire me to appear
in it before company. He promised he would not, but wanted to know why
too; as husbands, you know, are inquisitive creatures, and love to
enquire after anything they think is kept from them; but I had an answer
ready for him. "Because," said I, "it is not a decent dress in this
country, and would not look modest." Neither indeed would it, for it was
but one degree off from appearing in one's shift, but it was the usual
wear in the country where they were used. He was satisfied with my
answer, and gave me his promise never to ask me to be seen in it before
company. I then withdrew, taking only Amy and the Quaker with me; and
Amy dressed me in my old Turkish habit which I danced in formerly, etc.,
as before. The Quaker was charmed with the dress, and merrily said that
if such a dress should come to be worn here, she should not know what to
do; she should be tempted not to dress in the Quakers' way any more.

When all the dress was put on I loaded it with jewels, and in particular
I placed the large breast jewel which he had given me, of a thousand
pistoles, upon the front of the Tyhiaai, or head-dress, where it made a
most glorious show indeed; I had my own diamond necklace on, and my hair
was tout brillant, all glittering with jewels.

His picture set with diamonds I had placed stitched to my vest, just, as
might be supposed, upon my heart (which is the compliment in such cases
among the Eastern people), and all being open at the breast, there was
no room for anything of a jewel there. In this figure, Amy holding the
train of my robe, I came down to him. He was surprised and perfectly
astonished; he knew me, to be sure, because I had prepared him and
because there was nobody else there but the Quaker and Amy, but he by no
means knew Amy, for she had dressed herself in the habit of a Turkish
slave, being the garb of my little Turk which I had at Naples, as I have
said. She had her neck and arms bare, was bareheaded, and her hair
braided in a long tassel hanging down her back; but the jade could
neither hold her countenance nor her chattering tongue so as to be
concealed long.

Well, he was so charmed with this dress that he would have me sit and
dine in it, but it was so thin and so open before, and the weather being
also sharp, that I was afraid of taking cold. However, the fire being
enlarged and the doors kept shut, I sat to oblige him, and he professed
he never saw so fine a dress in his life. I afterwards told him that my
husband (so he called the jeweller that was killed) bought it for me at
Leghorn, with a young Turkish slave which I parted with at Paris, and
that it was by the help of that slave that I learnt how to dress in it
and how everything was to be worn, and many of the Turkish customs also,
with some of their language. This story agreeing with the fact, only
changing the person, was very natural, and so it went off with him. But
there was good reason why I should not receive any company in this
dress, that is to say, not in England; I need not repeat it, you will
hear more of it.

But when I came abroad I frequently put it on, and upon two or three
occasions danced in it, but always at his request.

We continued at the Quaker's lodgings for above a year; for now making
as though it was difficult to determine where to settle in England to
his satisfaction, unless in London, which was not to mine, I pretended
to make him an offer, that to oblige him I began to incline to go and
live abroad with him; that I knew nothing could be more agreeable to
him, and that as to me, every place was alike; that as I had lived
abroad without a husband so many years, it could be no burthen to me to
live abroad again, especially with him. Then we fell to straining our
courtesies upon one another. He told me he was perfectly easy at living
in England, and had squared all his affairs accordingly; for that, as he
told me he intended to give over all business in the world, as well the
care of managing it as the concern about it, seeing we were both in
condition neither to want it nor to have it be worth our while, so I
might see it was his intention, by his getting himself naturalised, and
getting the patent of Baronet, etc. Well, for all that, I told him I
accepted his compliment, but I could not but know that his native
country, where his children were breeding up, must be most agreeable to
him, and that if I was of such value to him I would be there then to
enhance the rate of his satisfaction; that wherever he was would be a
home to me, and any place in the world would be England to me if he was
with me. And thus, in short, I brought him to give me leave to oblige
him with going to live abroad, when in truth I could not have been
perfectly easy at living in England unless I had kept constantly within
doors, lest some time or other the dissolute life I had lived here
should have come to be known, and all those wicked things have been
known too which I now began to be very much ashamed of.

When we closed up our wedding week, in which our Quaker had been so very
handsome to us, I told him how much I thought we were obliged to her for
her generous carriage to us, how she had acted the kindest part through
the whole, and how faithful a friend she had been to me upon all
occasions; and then letting him know a little of her family
unhappinesses, I proposed that I thought I not only ought to be grateful
to her, but really to do something extraordinary for her towards making
her easy in her affairs; and I added that I had no hangers-on that
should trouble him, that there was nobody belonged to me but what was
thoroughly provided for, and that if I did something for this honest
woman that was considerable, it should be the last gift I would give to
anybody in the world but Amy. And as for her, we were not a-going to
turn her adrift, but whenever anything offered for her we would do as we
saw cause; that in the meantime Amy was not poor, that she had saved
together between seven and eight hundred pounds. By the way, I did not
tell him how and by what wicked ways she had got it, but that she had
it; and that was enough to let him know she would never be in want of

My spouse was exceedingly pleased with my discourse about the Quaker,
made a kind of a speech to me upon the subject of gratitude, told me it
was one of the brightest parts of a gentlewoman; that it was so twisted
with honesty, nay, and even with religion too, that he questioned
whether either of them could be found where gratitude was not to be
found; that in this act there was not only gratitude, but charity, and
that to make the charity still more Christian-like, the object too had
real merit to attract it. He therefore agreed to the thing with all his
heart, only would have had me let him pay it out of his effects.

I told him, as for that, I did not design, whatever I had said formerly,
that we should have two pockets, and that though I had talked to him of
being a free woman, and an independent woman and the like, and he had
offered and promised that I should keep all my own estate in my own
hands, yet, that since I had taken him, I would e'en do as other honest
wives did, where I thought fit to give myself, I should give what I had
too; that if I reserved anything, it should be only in case of
mortality, and that I might give it to his children afterwards, as my
own gift; and that, in short, if he thought fit to join stocks, we would
see to-morrow morning what strength we could both make up in the world,
and, bringing it all together, consider before we resolved upon the
place of removing, how we should dispose of what we had as well as of
ourselves. This discourse was too obliging, and he too much a man of
sense not to receive it as it was meant; he only answered, we would do
in that as we should both agree, but the thing under our present care
was to show not gratitude only, but charity and affection too, to our
kind friend the Quaker; and the first word he spoke of was to settle a
thousand pounds upon her, for her life, that is to say, sixty pounds a
year, but in such a manner as not to be in the power of any person to
reach but herself. This was a great thing, and indeed showed the
generous principles of my husband, and for that reason I mention it; but
I thought that a little too much, too, and particularly because I had
another thing in view for her about the plate. So I told him I thought
if he gave her a purse with a hundred guineas as a present first, and
then made her a compliment of 40 per annum for her life, secured any
such way as she should desire, it would be very handsome.

He agreed to that, and the same day, in the evening, when we were just
going to bed, he took my Quaker by the hand, and with a kiss told her
that we had been very kindly treated by her from the beginning of this
affair, and his wife before, as she (meaning me) had informed him, and
that he thought himself bound to let her see that she had obliged
friends who knew how to be grateful; that for his part of the
obligation, he desired she would accept of that for an acknowledgment in
part only (putting the gold into her hand), and that his wife would talk
with her about what further he had to say to her. And upon that, not
giving her time hardly to say "Thank ye," away he went upstairs into our
bedchamber, leaving her confused and not knowing what to say.

When he was gone she began to make very handsome and obliging
representations of her goodwill to us both, but that it was without
expectation of reward; that I had given her several valuable presents
before, and so indeed I had; for besides the piece of linen which I had
given her at first, I had given her a suit of damask table-linen, of the
linen I bought for my balls, viz. three tablecloths and three dozen of
napkins; and at another time I gave her a little necklace of gold beads,
and the like, but that is by the way. But she mentioned them, I say, and
how she was obliged by me on many other occasions; that she was not in
condition to show her gratitude any other way, not being able to make a
suitable return, and that now we took from her all opportunity to
balance my former friendship, and left her more in debt than she was
before. She spoke this in a very good kind of a manner, in her own way,
but which was very agreeable indeed, and had as much apparent sincerity,
and I verily believe as real, as was possible to be expressed; but I put
a stop to it, and bid her say no more, but accept of what my spouse had
given her, which was but in part, as she had heard him say. "And put it
up," says I, "and come and sit down here, and give me leave to say
something else to you on the same head which my spouse and I have
settled between ourselves in your behalf." "What dost thee mean?" says
she, and blushed and looked surprised, but did not stir. She was going
to speak again, but I interrupted her and told her she should make no
more apologies of any kind whatever, for I had better things than all
this to talk to her of; so I went on, and told her that as she had been
so friendly and kind to us on every occasion, and that her house was the
lucky place where we came together, and that she knew I was from her own
mouth acquainted in part with her circumstances, we were resolved she
should be the better for us as long as she lived. Then I told her what
we had resolved to do for her, and that she had nothing more to do but
to consult with me how it should be effectually secured for her,
distinct from any of the effects which were her husband's; and that if
her husband did so supply her that she could live comfortably and not
want it for bread or other necessaries, she should not make use of it,
but lay up the income of it and add it every year to the principal, so
to increase the annual payment, which in time, and perhaps before she
might come to want it, might double itself; that we were very willing
whatever she should so lay up should be to herself, and whoever she
thought fit after her, but that the 40 a year must return to our family
after her life, which we both wished might be long and happy.

Let no reader wonder at my extraordinary concern for this poor woman, or
at my giving my bounty to her a place in this account. It is not, I
assure you, to make a pageantry of my charity, or to value myself upon
the greatness of my soul, that I should give in so profuse a manner as
this, which was above my figure if my wealth had been twice as much as
it was; but there was another spring from whence all flowed, and 'tis on
that account I speak of it. Was it possible I could think of a poor
desolate woman with four children, and her husband gone from her, and
perhaps good for little if he had stayed--I say, was I, that had tasted
so deep of the sorrows of such a kind of widowhood, able to look on her
and think of her circumstances, and not be touched in an uncommon
manner? No, no, I never looked on her and her family, though she was not
left so helpless and friendless as I had been, without remembering my
own condition, when Amy was sent out to pawn or sell my pair of stays to
buy a breast of mutton and a bunch of turnips; nor could I look on her
poor children, though not poor and perishing like mine, without tears,
reflecting on the dreadful condition mine were reduced to when poor Amy
sent them all into their aunt's in Spitalfields and ran away from them.
These were the original springs or fountain-head from whence my
affectionate thoughts were moved to assist this poor woman.

When a poor debtor, having lain long in the Compter. or Ludgate, or the
King's Bench, for debt, afterwards gets out, rises again in the world,
and grows rich, such a one is a certain benefactor to the prisoners
there, and perhaps to every prison he passes by, as long as he lives;
for he remembers the dark days of his own sorrow; and even those who
never had the experience of such sorrows to stir up their minds to acts
of charity, would have the same charitable good disposition, did they as
sensibly remember what it is that distinguishes them from others by a
more favourable and merciful Providence.

This I say was, however, the spring of my concern for this honest,
friendly, and grateful Quaker, and as I had so plentiful a fortune in
the world, I resolved she should taste the fruit of her kind usage to
me, in a manner that she could not expect.

All the while I talked to her I saw the disorder of her mind; the sudden
joy was too much for her, and she coloured, trembled, changed, and at
last grew pale, and was indeed near fainting, when she hastily rang a
little bell for her maid, who coming in immediately, she beckoned to
her, for speak she could not, to fill her a glass of wine, but she had
no breath to take it in and was almost choked with that which she took
in her mouth. I saw she was ill and assisted her what I could, and with
spirits and things to smell too, just kept her from fainting, when she
beckoned to her maid to withdraw, and immediately burst out in crying,
and that relieved her. When she recovered herself a little she flew to
me, and throwing her arms about my neck, "Oh!" says she, "thou hast
almost killed me." And there she hung, laying her head in my neck for
half a quarter of an hour, not able to speak, but sobbing like a child
that had been whipped.

I was very sorry that I did not stop a little in the middle of my
discourse and make her drink a glass of wine, before it had put her
spirits into such a violent motion; but it was too late, and it was ten
to one odds but that it had killed her.

But she came to herself at last, and began to say some very good things
in return for my kindness. I would not let her go on, but told her I had
more to say to her still than all this, but that I would let it alone
till another time. My meaning was about the box of plate, good part of
which I gave her, and some I gave to Amy, for I had so much plate, and
some so large, that I thought if I let my husband see it, he might be
apt to wonder what occasion I could ever have for so much, and for plate
of such a kind too; as particularly a great cistern for bottles, which
cost a hundred and twenty pounds, and some large candlesticks, too big
for any ordinary use. These I caused Amy to sell; in short, Amy sold
above three hundred pounds' worth of plate. What I gave the Quaker was
worth above sixty pounds, and I gave Amy above thirty pounds' worth, and
yet I had a great deal left for my husband.

Nor did our kindness to the Quaker end with the forty pounds a year, for
we were always, while we stayed with her, which was above ten months,
giving her one good thing or another; and, in a word, instead of lodging
with her, she boarded with us, for I kept the house, and she and all her
family ate and drank with us, and yet we paid her the rent of the house
too; in short, I remembered my widowhood, and I made this widow's heart
glad many a day the more upon that account.

Chapter  23

AND now my spouse and I began to think of going over to Holland, where I
had proposed to him to live, and in order to settle all the
preliminaries of our future manner of living, I began to draw in my
effects, so as to have them all at command upon whatever occasion we
thought fit; after which, one morning I called my spouse up to me. "Hark
ye, sir," said I to him, "I have two very weighty questions to ask of
you; I don't know what answer you will give to the first, but I doubt
you will be able to give but a sorry answer to the other, and yet, I
assure you, it is of the last importance to yourself and towards the
future part of your life, wherever it is to be."

He did not seem to be much alarmed, because he could see I was speaking
in a kind of merry way. "Let's hear your questions, my dear," says he,
"and I'll give the best answer I can to them." "Why, first," says I,

1. "You have married a wife here, made her a lady, and put her in
expectation of being something else still when she comes abroad; pray
have you examined whether you are able to supply all her extravagant
demands when she comes abroad, and maintain an expensive Englishwoman in
all her pride and vanity? In short, have you enquired whether you are
able to keep her?"

2. "You have married a wife here and given her a great many fine things,
and you maintain her like a princess, and sometimes call her so; pray
what portion have you had with her? what fortune has she been to you?
and where does her estate lie, that you keep her so fine? I am afraid
you keep her in a figure a great deal above her estate, at least above
all that you have seen of it yet; are you sure you haven't got a bite,
and that you have not made a beggar a lady?"

"Well," says he, "have you any more questions to ask? Let's have them
all together, perhaps they may be all answered in a few words, as well
as these two." "No," says I, "these are the two grand questions, at
least for the present." "Why then," says he, "I'll answer you in a few
words, that I am fully master of my own circumstances, and without
further enquiry can let my wife you speak of know, that as I have made
her a lady, I can maintain her as a lady wherever she goes with me, and
this whether I have one pistole of her portion or whether she has any
portion or not. And as I have not enquired whether she has any portion
or not, so she shall not have the less respect showed her from me, or be
obliged to live meaner or by any ways straitened on that account; on the
contrary, if she goes abroad to live with me in my own country, I will
make her more than a lady, and support the expense of it too without
meddling with anything she has; and this I suppose," says he, "contains
an answer to both your questions together."

He spoke this with a great deal more earnestness in his countenance than
I had when I proposed my questions, and said a great many kind things
upon it, as the consequences of former discourses, so that I was obliged
to be in earnest too. "My dear," says I, "I was but in jest in my
questions, but they were proposed to introduce what I am going to say to
you in earnest, namely, that if I am to go abroad, 'tis time I should
let you know how things stand, and what I have to bring you with your
wife; how it is to be disposed, and secured, and the like. And
therefore, come," says I, "sit down, and let me show you your bargain
here; I hope you will find that you have not got a wife without a

He told me then that since he found I was in earnest, he desired that I
would adjourn it till to-morrow, and then we would do as the poor people
do after they marry, feel in their pockets and see how much money they
can bring together in the world. "Well," says I, "with all my heart ";
and so we ended our talk for that time.

As this was in the morning, my spouse went out after dinner to his
goldsmith's, as he said, and about three hours after, returns with a
porter and two large boxes with him; and his servant brought another
box, which I observed was almost as heavy as the two that the porter
brought, and made the poor fellow sweat heartily. He dismissed the
porter, and in a little while after went out again with his man, and
returning at night, brought another porter with more boxes and bundles,
and all was carried up and put into a chamber next to our bedchamber,
and in the morning he called for a pretty large round table and began to

When the boxes were opened I found they were chiefly full of books and
papers and parchment, I mean books of accounts and writings, and such
things as were in themselves of no moment to me, because I understood
them not; but I perceived he took them all out and spread them about him
upon the table and chairs, and began to be very busy with them. So I
withdrew and left him, and he was indeed so busy among them that he
never missed me till I had been gone a good while; but when he had gone
through all his papers and come to open a little box, he called for me
again. "Now," says he, and called me his countess, "I am ready to answer
your first question; if you will sit down till I have opened this box,
we will see how it stands."

So we opened the box. There was in it indeed what I did not expect, for
I thought he had sunk his estate rather than raised it; but he produced
me in goldsmith's bills, and stock in the English East India Company,
about 16,000 sterling; then he gave into my hands nine assignments upon
the Bank of Lyons in France, and two upon the rents of the Town House in
Paris, amounting in the whole to 5,800 crowns per annum, or annual rent
as 'tis called there; and lastly, the sum of 30,000 rix-dollars in the
Bank of Amsterdam, besides some jewels and gold in the box to the value
of about 1,500 or 1,600, among which was a very good necklace of pearl
of about 200 value; and that he pulled out and tied about my neck,
telling me that should not be reckoned into the account.

I was equally pleased and surprised, and it was with an inexpressible
joy that I saw him so rich. "You might well tell me," said I, "that you
were able to make me countess and maintain me as such." In short, he was
immensely rich, for besides all this he showed me, which was the reason
of his being so busy among the books--I say he showed me several
adventures he had abroad in the business of his merchandise; as
particularly an eighth share in an East India ship then abroad, an
account-current with a merchant at Cadiz in Spain, about 3,000 lent
upon bottomry upon ships gone to the Indies, and a large cargo of goods
in a merchant's hands for sale at Lisbon in Portugal; so that in his
books there was about 12,000 more, all which put together made about
27,000 sterling, and 1,320 a year.

I stood amazed at this account, as well I might, and said nothing to him
for a good while, and the rather because I saw him still busy looking
over his books. After a while, as I was going to express my wonder,
"Hold, my dear," says he, "this is not all neither." Then he pulled me
out some old seals and small parchment rolls, which I did not
understand, but he told me they were a right of reversion which he had
to a paternal estate in his family, and a mortgage of 14,000
rix-dollars, which he had upon it, in the hands of the present
possessor, so that was about 3,000 more.

"But now hold again," says he, "for I must pay my debts out of all this,
and they are very great, I assure you." And the first, he said, was a
black article of 8,000 pistoles, which he had a lawsuit about at Paris,
but had it awarded against him, which was the loss he had told me of,
and which made him leave Paris in disgust; that in other accounts he
owed about 5,300 sterling, but after all this, upon the whole, he had
still 17,000 clear stock in money, and 1,320 a year in rent.

After some pause it came to my turn to speak. "Well," says I, "'tis very
hard a gentleman with such a fortune as this should come over to England
and marry a wife with nothing; it shall never," says I, "be said but
what I have I'll bring into the public stock "; so I began to produce.

First, I pulled out the mortgage which good Sir Robert had procured for
me, the annual rent 700 per annum, the principal money 14,000.

Secondly, I pulled out another mortgage upon land, procured by the same
faithful friend, which at three times had advanced 12,000.

Thirdly, I pulled him out a parcel of little securities, procured by
several hands, by fee-farm rents and such petty mortgages as those times
awarded, amounting to 10,800 principal money, and paying 636 a year;
so that in the whole there was 2,056 a year ready money constantly
coming in.

When I had shown him all these, I laid them upon the table and bade him
take them, that he might be able to give me an answer to the second
question, viz. what fortune he had with his wife? and laughed a little
at it.

He looked at them a while and then handed them all back again to me. "I
will not touch them," says he, "nor one of them, till they are all
settled in trustees' hands, for your own use, and the management wholly
your own."

I cannot omit what happened to me while all this was acting, though it
was cheerful work in the main, yet I trembled every joint of me worse,
for aught I know, than ever Belshazzar did at the handwriting on the
wall, and the occasion was every way as just. "Unhappy wretch," said I
to myself, "shall my ill-got wealth, the product of prosperous lust and
of a vile and vicious life of whoredom and adultery, be intermingled
with the honest well-gotten estate of this innocent gentleman, to be a
moth and a caterpillar among it, and bring the judgments of Heaven upon
him and upon what he has, for my sake? Shall my wickedness blast his
comforts? Shall I be fire in his wax, and be a means to provoke Heaven
to curse his blessings? God forbid! I'll keep them asunder if it be

This is the true reason why I have been so particular in the account of
my vast acquired stock, and how his estate, which was perhaps the
product of many years' fortunate industry, and which was equal, if not
superior, to mine at best, was at my request kept apart from mine, as is
mentioned above.

I have told you how he gave back all my writings into my own hands
again. "Well," says I, "seeing you will have it be kept apart, it shall
be so upon one condition which I have to propose, and no other." "And
what is the condition." says he. "Why," says I, "all the pretence I can
have for the making over my own estate to me, is that in case of your
mortality I may have it reserved for me if I outlive you." "Well," says
he, "that is true." "But then," said I, "the annual income is always
received by the husband during his life, as 'tis supposed for the mutual
subsistence of the family. Now," says I, "here is 2,000 a year, which I
believe is as much as we shall spend, and I desire none of it may be
saved; and all the income of your own estate, the interest of the
17,000 and the 1,320 a year may be constantly laid by for the increase
of your estate; and so," added I, "by joining the interest every year to
the capital, you will perhaps grow as rich as you would do if you were
to trade with it all, if you were obliged to keep house out of it too."

He liked the proposal very well and said it should be so, and this way I
in some measure satisfied myself that I should not bring my husband
under the blast of just Providence for mingling my cursed ill-gotten
wealth with his honest estate. This was occasioned by the reflections
which at some intervals of time came into my thoughts, of the justice of
Heaven, which I had reason to expect would some time or other still fall
upon me or my effects, for the dreadful life I had lived.

And let nobody conclude from the strange success I met with in all my
wicked doings, and the vast estate which I had raised by it, that
therefore I either was happy or easy. No, no, there was a dart struck
into the liver; there was a secret hell within, even all the while when
our joy was at the highest, but more especially now, after it was all
over, and when according to all appearance I was one of the happiest
women upon earth; all this while, I say, I had such a constant terror
upon my mind as gave me every now and then very terrible shocks, and
which made me expect something very frightful upon every accident of

In a word, it never lightened or thundered but I expected the next flash
would penetrate my vitals, and melt the sword (soul) in this scabbard of
flesh; it never blew a storm of wind but I expected the fall of some
stack of chimneys, or some part of the house would bury me in its ruins;
and so of other things.

But I shall perhaps have occasion to speak of all these things again by
and by; the case before us was in a manner settled. We had full 4,000
per annum for our future subsistence, besides a vast sum in jewels and
plate, and besides this I had about 8,000 reserved in money, which I
kept back from him, to provide for my two daughters, of whom I have yet
so much to say.

Chapter  24

With this estate settled as you have heard, and with the best husband in
the world, I left England again. I had not only in human prudence and by
the nature of the thing, being now married and settled in so glorious a
manner--I say I had not only abandoned all the gay and wicked course
which I had gone through before, but I began to look back upon it with
that horror and that detestation which is the certain companion, if not
the forerunner, of repentance.

Sometimes the wonders of my present circumstances would work upon me,
and I should have some raptures upon my soul upon the subject of my
coming so smoothly out of the arms of hell, that I was not engulfed in
ruin, as most who lead such lives are, first or last; but this was a
flight too high for me. I was not come to that repentance that is raised
from a sense of Heaven's goodness; I repented of the crime, but it was
of another and lower kind of repentance, and rather moved by my fears of
vengeance than from a sense of being spared from being punished and
landed safe after a storm.

The first thing which happened after our coming to The Hague (where we
lodged for a while) was that my spouse saluted me one morning with the
title of Countess; as he said he intended to do, by having the
inheritance to which the honour was annexed made over to him. It is true
it was a reversion, but it soon fell, and in the meantime, as all the
brothers of a Count are called Counts, so I had the title by courtesy
about three years before I had it in reality.

I was agreeably surprised at this coming so soon, and would have had my
spouse to have taken the money which it cost him out of my stock, but he
laughed at me and went on.

I was now in the height of my glory and prosperity, and I was called the
Countess de ----, for I had obtained that, unlooked for, which I
secretly aimed at, and was really the main reason of my coming abroad. I
took now more servants, lived in a kind of magnificence that I had not
been acquainted with, was called Your Honour at every word, and had a
coronet behind my coach, though at the same time I knew little or
nothing of my new pedigree.

The first thing that my spouse took upon him to manage was to declare
ourselves married eleven years before our arriving in Holland, and
consequently to acknowledge our little son, who was yet in England, to
be legitimate, order him to be brought over and added to his family, and
acknowledge him to be our own.

This was done by giving notice to his people at Nimeguen, where his
children (which were two sons and a daughter) were brought up, that he
was come over from England, and that he was arrived at The Hague with
his wife and should reside there some time, and that he would have his
two sons brought down to see him, which accordingly was done, and where
I entertained them with all the kindness and tenderness that they could
expect from their mother-in-law, and who pretended to be so ever since
they were two or three years old.

This supposing us to have been so long married was not difficult at all
in a country where we had been seen together about that time, viz.
eleven years and a half before, and where we had never been seen
afterwards till we now returned together; this being seen together was
also openly owned, and acknowledged of course, by our friend the
merchant at Rotterdam, and also by the people in the house where we both
lodged, in the same city, and where our first intimacies began, and who,
as it happened, were all alive; and therefore to make it the more public
we made a tour to Rotterdam again, lodged in the same house, and was
visited there by our friend the merchant, and afterwards invited
frequently to his house, where he treated us very handsomely.

This conduct of my spouse, and which he managed very cleverly, was
indeed a testimony of a wonderful degree of honesty and affection to our
little son, for it was done purely for the sake of the child.

I call it an honest affection, because it was from a principle of
honesty that he so earnestly concerned himself to prevent the scandal
which would otherwise have fallen upon the child, who was itself
innocent. And as it was from this principle of justice that he so
earnestly solicited me, and conjured me by the natural affections of a
mother, to marry him when it was yet young within me and unborn, that
the child might not suffer for the sin of its father and mother, so
though at the same time he really loved me very well, yet I had reason
to believe that it was from this principle of justice to the child that
he came to England again to seek me, with design to marry me and, as he
called it, save the innocent lamb from an infamy worse than death.

It is with just reproach to myself that I must repeat it again, that I
had not the same concern for it though it was the child of my own body,
nor had I ever the hearty affectionate love to the child that he had.
What the reason of it was I cannot tell, and indeed I had shown a
general neglect of the child through all the gay years of my London
revels, except that I sent Amy to look upon it now and then and to pay
for its nursing. As for me, I scarce saw it four times in the first four
years of its life, and often wished it would go quietly out of the
world; whereas a son which I had by the jeweller I took a different care
of, and showed a differing concern for, though I did not let him know
me, for I provided very well for him, had him put out very well to
school, and when he came to years fit for it, let him go over with a
person of honesty and good business to the Indies; and, after he had
lived there some time and began to act for himself, sent him over the
value of 2,000 at several times, with which he traded and grew rich,
and, as 'tis to be hoped, may at last come over again with forty or
fifty thousand pounds in his pocket, as many do who have not such
encouragement at their beginning.

I also sent him over a wife, a beautiful young lady, well bred, an
exceeding good-natured, pleasant creature; but the nice young fellow did
not like her, and had the impudence to write to me, that is, to the
person I employed to correspond with him, to send him another, and
promised that he would marry her I had sent him to a friend of his, who
liked her better than he did; but I took it so ill that I would not send
him another, and withal, stopped another article of 1,000 which I had
appointed to send him. He considered of it afterwards, and offered to
take her; but then truly she took so ill the first affront he put upon
her, that she would not have him, and I sent him word I thought she was
very much in the right. However, after courting her two years, and some
friends interposing, she took him, and made him an excellent wife, as I
knew she would; but I never sent him the 1,000 cargo, so that he lost
that money for misusing me, and took the lady at last without it.

My new spouse and I lived a very regular, contemplative life, and in
itself certainly a life filled with all human felicity. But if I looked
upon my present situation with satisfaction, as I certainly did, so in
proportion I on all occasions looked back on former things with
detestation and with the utmost affliction; and now indeed, and not till
now, those reflections began to prey upon my comforts and lessen the
sweets of my other enjoyments. They might be said to have gnawed a hole
in my heart before, but now they made a hole quite through it; now they
ate into all my pleasant things, made bitter every sweet, and mixed my
sighs with every smile.

Not all the affluence of a plentiful fortune, not a hundred thousand
pounds estate (for between us we had little less), not honour and
titles, attendants and equipages--in a word, not all the things we call
pleasure could give me any relish or sweeten the taste of things to me,
at least not so much, but I grew sad, heavy, pensive, and melancholy,
slept little and ate little, dreamed continually of the most frightful
and terrible things imaginable; nothing but apparitions, of devils and
monsters, falling into gulfs, and off from steep and high precipices,
and the like; so that in the morning, when I should rise and be
refreshed with the blessing of rest, I was hag-ridden with frights and
terrible things formed merely in the imagination, and was either tired
and wanted sleep, or overrun with vapours, and not fit for conversing
with my family or any one else.

My husband, the tenderest creature in the world, and particularly so to
me, was in great concern for me, and did everything that lay in his
power to comfort and restore me; strove to reason me out of it, then
tried all the ways possible to divert me, but it was all to no purpose,
or to but very little.

My only relief was sometimes to unbosom myself to poor Amy when she and
I were alone, and she did all she could to comfort me, but all was to
little effect there; for though Amy was the better penitent before, when
we had been in the storm, Amy was just where she used to be, now a wild,
gay, loose wretch, and not much the graver for her age; for Amy was
between forty and fifty by this time too.

But to go on with my own story. As I had no comforter, so I had no
counsellor; it was well, as I often thought, that I was not a Roman
Catholic, for what a piece of work should I have made, to have gone to a
priest with such a history as I had to tell him, and what penance would
any father confessor have obliged me to perform, especially if he had
been honest and true to his office?

However, as I had none of the recourse, so I had none of the absolution
by which the criminal confessing goes away comforted; but I went about
with a heart loaded with crime, and altogether in the dark as to what I
was to do, and in this condition I languished near two years. I may well
call it languishing, for if Providence had not relieved me, I should
have died in little time. But of that hereafter.

Chapter  25

I must now go back to another scene and join it to this end of my story,
which will complete all my concern with England, at least all that I
shall bring into this account. I have hinted at large what I had done
for my two sons, one at Messina and the other in the Indies.

But I have not gone through the story of my two daughters. I was so in
danger of being known by one of them, that I durst not see her, so as to
let her know who I was; and for the other, I could not well know how to
see her and own her, and let her see me, because she must then know that
I would not let her sister know me, which would look strange. So that,
upon the whole, I resolved to see neither of them at all, but Amy
managed all that for me; and when she had made gentlewomen of them both,
by giving them a good though late education, she had like to have blown
up the whole case, and herself and me too, by an unhappy discovery of
herself to the last of them, that is, to her who was our cook-maid, and
who, as I said before, Amy had been obliged to turn away for fear of the
very discovery which now happened. I have observed already in what
manner Amy managed her by a third person, and how the girl, when she was
set up for a lady, as above, came and visited Amy at my lodgings; after
which, Amy going as was her custom to see the girl's brother (my son),
at the honest man's house in Spitalfields, both the girls were there,
merely by accident, at the same time, and the other girl unawares
discovered the secret, namely, that this was the lady that had done all
this for them.

Amy was greatly surprised at it, but as she saw there was no remedy, she
made a jest of it, and so after that conversed openly, being still
satisfied that neither of them could make much of it as long as they
knew nothing of me. So she took them together one time and told them the
history, as she called it, of their mother, beginning at the miserable
carrying them to their aunt's; she owned she was not their mother,
herself, but described her to them. However, when she said she was not
their mother, one of them expressed herself very much surprised, for the
girl had taken up a strong fancy that Amy was really her mother, and
that she had for some particular reasons concealed it from her; and
therefore when she told her frankly that she was not her mother, the
girl fell a-crying, and Amy had much ado to keep life in her. This was
the girl who was at first my cook-maid in the Pall Mall. When Amy had
brought her to again a little, and she had recovered her first disorder,
Amy asked what ailed her. The poor girl hung about her and kissed her,
and was in such a passion still, though she was a great wench of
nineteen or twenty years old, that she could not be brought to speak a
great while. At last, having recovered her speech, she said still, "But
oh! do not say you ain't my mother. I'm sure you are my mother"; and
then the girl cried again like to kill herself. Amy could not tell what
to do with her a good while; she was loath to say again she was not her
mother, because she would not throw her into a fit of crying again; but
she went round about a little with her. "Why, child," says she, "why
would you have me be your mother? If it be because I am so kind to you,
be easy, my dear," says Amy, "I'll be as kind to you still as if I was
your mother."

"Ay, but," says the girl, "I am sure you are my mother too; and what
have I done that you won't own me, and that you will not be called my
mother? Though I am poor, you have made me a gentlewoman," says she,
"and I won't do anything to disgrace you. Besides," adds she, "I can
keep a secret too, especially for my own mother, sure." Then she calls
Amy her dear mother, and hung about her neck again, crying still

This last part of the girl's words alarmed Amy, and, as she told me,
frighted her terribly; nay, she was so confounded with it, that she was
not able to govern herself or to conceal her disorder from the girl
herself, as you shall hear. Amy was at a full stop and confused to the
last degree, and the girl, a sharp jade, turned it upon her. "My dear
mother," says she, "do not be uneasy about it, I know it all; but do not
be uneasy, I won't let my sister know a word of it, or my brother
either, without you give me leave; but don't disown me now you have
found me, don't hide yourself from me any longer; I can't bear that,"
says she, "it will beak my heart."

"I think the girl's mad," says Amy. "Why, child, I tell thee if I was
thy mother I would not disown thee; don't you see I am as kind to you as
if I was your mother?" Amy might as well have sung a song to a
kettledrum as talk to her. "Yes," says the girl, "you are very good to
me indeed," and that was enough to make anybody believe she was her
mother too; but however that was not the case, she had other reasons to
believe and to know that she was her mother, and it was a sad thing she
would not let her call her mother, who was her own child.

Amy was so heart-full with the disturbance of it that she did not enter
further with her into the enquiry, as she would otherwise have done, I
mean as to what made the girl so positive, but comes away and tells me
the whole story.

I was thunderstruck with the story at first, and much more afterwards,
as you shall hear; but, I say, I was thunderstruck at first, and amazed,
and said to Amy, "There must be something or other in it more than we
know of"; but having examined further into it, I found the girl had no
notion of anybody but of Amy, and glad I was that I was not concerned in
the pretence and that the girl had no notion of me in it. But even this
easiness did not continue long, for the next time Amy went to see her
she was the same thing, and rather more violent with Amy than she was
before. Amy endeavoured to pacify her by all the ways imaginable. First
she told her she took it ill that she would not believe her, and told
her if she would not give over such a foolish whimsy she would leave her
to the wide world as she found her.

This put the girl into fits, and she cried ready to kill herself and
hung about Amy again like a child. "Why," says Amy, "why can you not be
easy with me then and compose yourself, and let me go on to do you good
and show you kindness, as I would do, and as I intend to do? Can you
think that if I was your mother I would not tell you so? What whimsy is
this that possesses your mind?" says Amy. Well, the girl told her in a
few words, but those few such as frighted Amy out of her wits, and me
too, that she knew well enough how it was. "I know," says she, "when you
left ----," naming the village, "where I lived when my father went away
from us all, that you went over to France; I know that too, and who you
went with," says the girl. "Did not my Lady Roxana come back again with
you? I know it all well enough, though I was but a child, I have heard
it all." And thus she ran on with such discourse as put Amy out of all
temper again; and she raved at her like a bedlam, and told her she would
never come near her any more; she might go a-begging again if she would,
she'd have nothing to do with her. The girl, a passionate wench, told
her she knew the worst of it, she could go to service again, and if she
would not own her own child she must do as she pleased; then she fell
into a passion of crying again, as if she would kill herself.

In short, this girl's conduct terrified Amy to the last degree, and me
too, and was it not that we knew the girl was quite wrong in some
things, she was yet so right in some other, that it gave me a great deal
of perplexity. But that which put Amy the most to it, was that the girl
(my daughter) told her that she (meaning me her mother) had gone away
with the jeweller, and into France too--she did not call him the
jeweller, but with the landlord of the house; who, after her mother fell
into distress, and that Amy had taken all the children from her, made
much of her, and afterwards married her.

In short, it was plain the girl had but a broken account of things, but
yet that she had received some accounts that had a reality in the bottom
of them; so that it seems our first measures and the amour of the
jeweller were not so concealed as I thought they had been, and, it
seems, came in a broken manner to my sister-in-law, whom Amy carried the
children to, and she made some bustle, it seems, about it; but as good
luck was, it was too late, and I was removed and gone none knew whither,
or else she would have sent all the children home to me again, to be

This we picked out of the girl's discourse, that is to say, Amy did, at
several times; but it all consisted of broken fragments of stories such
as the girl herself had heard so long ago, that she herself could make
very little of it; only that in the main, that her mother had played the
whore, had gone away with the gentleman that was landlord of the house,
that he married her, that she went into France; and as she had learnt in
my family, where she was a servant, that Mrs. Amy and her Lady Roxana
had been in France together, so she put all these things together, and,
joining them with the great kindness that Amy now showed her, possessed
the creature that Amy was really her mother; nor was it possible for Amy
to conquer it for a long time.

But this, after I had searched into it as far as by Amy's relation I
could get an account of it, did not disquiet me half so much as that the
young slut had got the name of Roxana by the end, and that she knew who
her Lady Roxana was, and the like; though this neither did not hang
together, for then she would not have fixed upon Amy for her mother. But
some time after, when Amy had almost persuaded her out of it, and that
the girl began to be so confounded in her discourses of it that they
made neither head nor tail, at last the passionate creature flew out in
a kind of rage, and said to Amy that if she was not her mother, Madam
Roxana was her mother then, for one of them, she was sure, was her
mother; and then, all this that Amy had done for her was by Madam
Roxana's order. "And I am sure," says she, "it was my Lady Roxana's
coach that brought the gentlewoman (whoever it was) to my uncle's in
Spitalfields, for the coachman told me so." Amy fell a-laughing at her
aloud, as was her usual way; but as Amy told me, it was but on one side
of her mouth, for she was so confounded at her discourse that she was
ready to sink into the ground; and so was I too, when she told it me.

However, Amy brazened her out of it all; told her, "Well, since you
think you are so high-born as to be my Lady Roxana's daughter, you may
go to her and claim your kindred, can't you? I suppose," says Amy, "you
know where to find her?" She said she did not question to find her, for
she knew where she was gone to live privately, but thought she might be
removed again; "for I know how it is," says she, with a kind of a smile
or a grin, "I know how it all is, well enough."

Amy was so provoked that she told me, in short, she began to think it
would be absolutely necessary to murder her. That expression filled me
with horror; all my blood ran chill in my veins, and a fit of trembling
seized me that I could not speak a good while, At last, "What, is the
devil in you, Amy." said I. "Nay, nay," says she, "let it be the devil
or not the devil, if I thought she knew one tittle of your history I
would dispatch her if she were my own daughter a thousand times." "And
I," says I in a rage, "as well as I love you, would be the first that
should put the halter about your neck and see you hanged, with more
satisfaction than ever I saw you in my life. Nay," says I, "you would
not live to be hanged, I believe I should cut your throat with my own
hand; I am almost ready to do it," said I, "as 'tis, for your but naming
the thing." With that I called her "cursed devil," and bade her get out
of the room.

I think it was the first time that ever I was angry with Amy in all my
life, and when all was done, though she was a devilish jade in having
such a thought, yet it was all of it the effect of her excess of
affection and fidelity to me.

But this thing gave me a terrible shock, for it happened just after I
was married, and served to hasten my going over to Holland; for I would
not have been seen, so as to be known by the name of Roxana, no, not for
ten thousand pounds. It would have been enough to have ruined me to all
intents and purposes with my husband, and everybody else too; I might as
well have been the German Princess.

Well, I set Amy to work; and, give Amy her due, she set all her wits to
work to find out which way this girl had her knowledge, but more
particularly how much knowledge she had, that is to say, what she really
knew, and what she did not know; for this was the main thing with me,
how she could say she knew who Madam Roxana was, and what notions she
had of that affair was very mysterious to me; for 'twas certain she
could not have a right notion of me, because she would have it be that
Amy was her mother.

I scolded heartily at Amy for letting the girl ever know her, that is to
say, know her in this affair; for that she knew her, could not be hid,
because she, as I might say, served Amy, or rather under Amy, in my
family, as is said before; but she (Amy) talked with her at first by
another person, and not by herself, and that secret came out by an
accident, as I have said above.

Amy was concerned at it as well as I, but could not help it, and though
it gave us great uneasiness, yet as there was no remedy we were bound to
make as little noise of it as we could, that it might go no further. I
bade Amy punish the girl for it, and she did so, for she parted with her
in a huff, and told her she should see she was not her mother, for that
she could leave her just where she found her; and seeing she could not
be content to be served by the kindness of a friend, but that she would
needs make a mother of her, she would for the future be neither mother
nor friend; and so bid her go to service again and be a drudge as she
was before.

The poor girl cried most lamentably, but would not be beaten out of it
still; but that which dumbfounded Amy more than all the rest, was that
when she had rated the poor girl a long time and could not beat her out
of it, and had, as I have observed, threatened to leave her, the girl
kept to what she said before, and put this turn to it again, that she
was sure, if Amy wasn't, my Lady Roxana was her mother, and that she
would go find her out; adding that she made no doubt but she could do
it, for she knew where to enquire the name of her new husband.

Amy came home with this piece of news in her mouth to me. I could easily
perceive when she came in that she was mad in her mind, and in a rage at
something or other, and was in great pain to get it out; for when she
came first in, my husband was in the room. However, Amy going up to
undress her, I soon made an excuse to follow her, and coming into the
room, "What the devil is the matter, Amy?" says I; "I am sure you have
some bad news." "News!" says Amy aloud, "ay, so I have; I think the
devil is in that young wench--she'll ruin us all and herself too, there's
no quieting her." So she went on and told me all the particulars; but
sure nothing was so astonished as I was when she told me that the girl
knew I was married, that she knew my husband's name, and would endeavour
to find me out; I thought I should have sunk down at the very words. In
the middle of all my amazement Amy starts up and runs about the room
like a distracted body. "I'll put an end to it, that I will; I can't
bear it; I must murder her; I'll kill her, by God!" and swears by her
Maker in the most serious tone in the world; and then repeated it over
three or four times, walking to and again in the room; "I will," in
short, "I will kill her if there was not another wench in the world."

"Prithee hold thy tongue, Amy," says I; "why, thou art mad." "Ay, so I
am," says she, "stark mad, but I'll be the death of her for all that,
and then I shall be sober again." "But you shan't," says I, "you shan't
hurt a hair of her head; why, you ought to be hanged for what you have
done already, for having resolved on it, is doing it, as to the guilt of
the fact; you are a murderer already, as much as if you had done it

"I know that," says Amy, "and it can be no worse. I'll put you out of
your pain, and her too; she shall never challenge you for her mother in
this world, whatever she may in the next." "Well, well," says I, "be
quiet, and do not talk thus, I can't bear it"; so she grew a little
soberer after a while.

I must acknowledge, the notion of being discovered carried with it so
many frightful ideas, and hurried my thoughts so much, that I was scarce
myself, any more than Amy, so dreadful a thing is a load of guilt upon
the mind.

And yet when Amy began the second time to talk thus abominably of
killing the poor child, of murdering her, and swore by her Maker that
she would, so that I began to see that she was in earnest, I was
terrified a great deal, and it helped to bring me to myself again in
other cases.

We laid our heads together then, to see if it was possible to discover
by what means she had learnt to talk so, and how she (I mean my girl)
came to know that her mother had married a husband. But it would not do,
the girl would acknowledge nothing, and gave but a very imperfect
account of things still, being disgusted to the last degree with Amy's
leaving her so abruptly as she did.

Well, Amy went to the house where the boy was, but it was all one; there
they had only heard a confused story of the Lady somebody, they knew not
who, which this same wench had told them, but they gave no heed to it at
all. Amy told them how foolishly the girl had acted, and how she had
carried on the whimsy so far in spite of all they could say to her; that
she had taken it so ill, she would see her no more, and so she might
e'en go to service again if she would, for she (Amy) would have nothing
to do with her unless she humbled herself and changed her note, and that
quickly too.

The good old gentleman who had been the benefactor to them all was
greatly concerned at it, and the good woman his wife was grieved beyond
all expressing, and begged her ladyship, meaning Amy, not to resent it;
they promised too they would talk with her about it, and the old
gentlewoman added with some astonishment, "Sure, she cannot be such a
fool but she will be prevailed with to hold her tongue, when she has it
from your own mouth that you are not her mother, and sees that it
disobliges your ladyship to have her insist upon it "; and so Amy came
away, with some expectation that it would be stopped here.

But the girl was such a fool for all that, and persisted in it
obstinately, notwithstanding all they could say to her, nay, her sister
begged and entreated her not to play the fool, for that it would ruin
her too, and that the lady (meaning Amy) would abandon them both.

Well, notwithstanding this, she insisted, I say, upon it, and which was
worse, the longer it lasted the more she began to drop Amy's Ladyship,
and would have it that the Lady Roxana was her mother, and that she had
made some enquiries about it, and did not doubt but that she should find
her out.

When it was come to this, and we found there was nothing to be done with
the girl, but that she was so obstinately bent upon the search after me
that she ventured to forfeit all she had in view--I say when I found it
was come to this, I began to be more serious in my preparations of my
going beyond sea, and particularly it gave me some reason to fear that
there was something in it; but the following accident put me beside all
my measures, and struck me into the greatest confusion that ever I was
in in my life.

I was so near going abroad that my spouse and I had taken measures for
our going off; and because I would be sure not to go too public, but so
as to take away all possibility of being seen, I had made some exception
to my spouse against going in the ordinary public passage boats. My
pretence to him was the promiscuous crowds in those vessels, want of
convenience, and the like; so he took the hint and found me out an
English merchant ship which was bound for Rotterdam, and getting soon
acquainted with the master, he hired his whole ship, that is to say, his
great cabin, for I do not mean his ship for freight, that so we had all
the conveniences possible for our passage. And all things being near
ready, he brought home the captain one day to dinner with him, that I
might see him and be acquainted a little with him. So we came after
dinner to talk of the ship and the conveniences on board, and the
captain pressed me earnestly to come on board and see the ship,
intimating that he would treat us as well as he could; and in discourse
I happened to say I hoped he had no other passengers. He said, No, he
had not; but he said his wife had courted him a good while to let her go
over to Holland with him, for he always used that trade, but he never
could think of venturing all he had in one bottom. But if I went with
him he thought to take her and her kinswoman along with him this voyage,
that they might both wait upon me; and so added, that if we would do him
the honour to dine on board the next day, he would bring his wife on
board, the better to make us welcome.

Chapter  26

Who now could have believed the devil had any snare at the bottom of all
this, or that I was in any danger on such an occasion so remote and out
of the way as this was? But the event was the oddest that could be
thought of. As it happened, Amy was not at home when we accepted this
invitation, and so she was left out of the company; but instead of Amy
we took our honest, good-humoured, never-to-be-omitted friend the
Quaker, one of the best creatures that ever lived, sure, and who,
besides a thousand good qualities unmixed with one bad one, was
particularly excellent for being the best company in the world. Though I
think I had carried Amy too if she had not been engaged in this unhappy
girl's affair; for on a sudden the girl was lost and no news was to be
heard of her, and Amy had hunted her to every place she could think of
that it was likely to find her in, but all the news she could hear of
her was that she was gone to an old comrade's house of hers which she
called sister, and who was married to a master of a ship who lived at
Redriff, and even this the jade never told me. It seems when this girl
was directed by Amy to get her some breeding, go to the boarding-school
and the like, she was recommended to a boarding-school at Camberwell,
and there she contracted an acquaintance with a young lady (so they are
all called) her bedfellow, that they called sisters, and promised never
to break off their acquaintance.

But judge you what an unaccountable surprise I must be in when I came on
board the ship and was brought into the captain's cabin, or what they
call it, the great cabin of the ship, to see his lady or wife, and
another young person with her, who when I came to see her near-hand was
my old cook-maid in the Pall Mall, and, as appeared by the sequel of the
story, was neither more nor less than my own daughter. That I knew her
was out of doubt, for though she had not had opportunity to see me very
often, yet I had often seen her, as I must needs, being in my own family
so long.

If ever I had need of courage and a full presence of mind, it was now;
it was the only valuable secret in the world to me; all depended upon
this occasion. If the girl knew me, I was undone, and to discover any
surprise or disorder had been to make her know me, or guess it, and
discover herself.

I was once going to feign a swooning, and faint away, and so falling on
the ground or floor, put them all into a hurry and fright, and by that
means get an opportunity to be continually holding something to my nose
to smell to, and so hold my hand or my handkerchief, or both, before my
mouth, then pretend I could not bear the smell of the ship or the
closeness of the cabin. But that would have been only to remove into a
clearer air upon the quarter-deck, where we should with it have had a
clearer light too; and if I had pretended the smell of the ship, it
would have served only to have carried us all on shore to the captain's
house, which was hard by; for the ship lay so close to the shore that we
only walked over a plank to go on board, and over another ship which lay
within her. So this not appearing feasible, and the thought not being
two minutes old, there was no time, for the two ladies rose up and we
saluted, so that I was bound to come so near my girl as to kiss her,
which I would not have done had it been possible to have avoided it, but
there was no room to escape.

I cannot but take notice here that, notwithstanding there was a secret
horror upon my mind and I was ready to sink when I came close to her to
salute her, yet it was a secret inconceivable pleasure to me when I
kissed her, to know that I kissed my own child, my own flesh and blood,
born of my body, and whom I had never kissed since I took the fatal
farewell of them all, with a million of tears and a heart almost dead
with grief, when Amy and the good woman took them all away and went with
them to Spitalfields. No pen can describe, no words can express, I say,
the strange impression which this thing made upon my spirits. I felt
something shoot through my blood, my heart fluttered, my head flashed
and was dizzy, and all within me, as I thought, turned about, and much
ado I had not to abandon myself to an excess of passion at the first
sight of her, much more when my lips touched her face. I thought I must
have taken her in my arms and kissed her again a thousand times, whether
I would or no.

But I roused up my judgment and shook it off, and with infinite
uneasiness in my mind I sat down. You will not wonder if upon this
surprise I was not conversible for some minutes, and that the disorder
had almost discovered itself. I had a complication of severe things upon
me; I could not conceal my disorder without the utmost difficulty, and
yet upon my concealing it depended the whole of my prosperity, so I used
all manner of violence with myself to prevent the mischief which was at
the door.

Well, I saluted her, but as I went first forward to the captain's lady,
who was at the farther end of the cabin, towards the light, I had the
occasion offered to stand with my back to the light when I turned about
to her, who stood more on my left hand, so that she had not a fair sight
of me though I was so near her. I trembled and knew neither what I did
nor said; I was in the utmost extremity between so many particular
circumstances as lay upon me, for I was to conceal my disorder from
everybody, at the utmost peril, and at the same time expected everybody
would discern it. I was to expect she would discover that she knew me,
and yet was by all means possible to prevent it; I was to conceal myself
if possible, and yet had not the least room to do anything towards it;
in short, there was no retreat, no shifting anything off, no avoiding or
preventing her having a full sight of me; nor was there any
counterfeiting my voice, for then my husband would have perceived it; in
short, there was not the least circumstance that offered me any
assistance or any favourable thing to help me in this exigence.

After I had been upon the rack for near half an hour, during which I
appeared stiff and reserved and a little too formal, my spouse and the
captain fell into discourses about the ship and the sea, and business
remote from us women, and by and by the captain carried him out upon the
quarter-deck and left us all by ourselves in the great cabin. Then we
began to be a little freer one with another, and I began to be a little
revived by a sudden fancy of my own, namely, I thought I perceived that
the girl did not know me; and the chief reason of my having such a
notion was, because I did not perceive the least disorder in her
countenance or the least change in her carriage, no confusion, no
hesitation in her discourse, nor, which I had my eye particularly upon,
did I observe that she fixed her eyes much upon me; that is to say, not
singling me out to look steadily at me, as I thought would have been the
case, but that she rather singled out my friend the Quaker and chatted
with her on several things, but I observed too that it was all about
indifferent matters.

This greatly encouraged me, and I began to be a little cheerful; but I
was knocked down again as with a thunder-clap when, turning to the
captain's wife and discoursing of me, she said to her, "Sister, I cannot
but think (my lady) to be very much like such a person." Then she named
the person, and the captain's wife said she thought so too. The girl
replied again she was sure she had seen me before, but she could not
recollect where. I answered (though her speech was not directed to me)
that I fancied she had not seen me before in England, but asked if she
had lived in Holland. She said, No, no, she had never been out of
England; and I added that she could not then have known me in England,
unless it was very lately, for I had lived at Rotterdam a great while.
This carried me out of that part of the broil pretty well; and to make
it go off the better, when a little Dutch boy came into the cabin, who
belonged to the captain and who I easily perceived to be Dutch, I jested
and talked Dutch to him, and was merry about the boy, that is to say, as
merry as the consternation I was still in would let me be.

However, I began to be thoroughly convinced by this time that the girl
did not know me, which was an infinite satisfaction to me; or, at least,
that though she had some notion of me, yet that she did not think
anything about my being who I was, and which perhaps she would have been
as glad to have known as I would have been surprised if she had; indeed,
it was evident that had she suspected anything of the truth, she would
not have been able to have concealed it.

Thus this meeting went off, and you may be sure I was resolved, if once
I got off of it, she should never see me again to revive her fancy; but
I was mistaken there too, as you shall hear. After we had been on board,
the captain's lady carried us home to her house, which was but just on
shore, and treated us there again very handsomely, and made us promise
that we would come again and see her before we went, to concert our
affairs for the voyage, and the like; for she assured us that both she
and her sister went the voyage at that time for our company. And I
thought to myself, "Then you'll never go the voyage at all," for I saw
from that moment that it would be no way convenient for my ladyship to
go with them, for that frequent conversation might bring me to her mind,
and she would certainly claim her kindred to me in a few days, as indeed
would have been the case.

It is hardly possible for me to conceive what would have been our part
in this affair had my woman Amy gone with me on board this ship; it had
certainly blown up the whole affair, and I must for ever after have been
this girl's vassal, that is to say, have let her into the secret, and
trusted to her keeping it too, or have been exposed and undone; the very
thought filled me with horror.

But I was not so unhappy neither, as it fell out, for Amy was not with
us, and that was my deliverance indeed; yet we had another chance to get
over still. As I resolved to put off the voyage, so I resolved to put
off the visit, you may be sure, going upon this principle, namely, that
I was fixed in it that the girl had seen her last of me and should never
see me more.

However, to bring myself well off, and withal to see (if I could) a
little further into the matter, I sent my friend the Quaker to the
captain's lady to make the visit promised, and to make my excuse that I
could not possibly wait on her, for that I was very much out of order;
and in the end of the discourse I bade her insinuate to them that she
was afraid I should not be able to get ready to go the voyage so soon as
the captain would be obliged to go, and that perhaps we might put it off
to his next voyage. I did not let the Quaker into any other reason for
it than that I was indisposed, and not knowing what other face to put
upon that part, I made her believe that I thought I was a-breeding.

It was easy to put that into her head, and she of course hinted to the
captain's lady that she found me very ill, that she was afraid I would
miscarry, and then, to be sure, I could not think of going.

She went, and she managed that part very dexterously, as I knew she
would, though she knew not a word of the grand reason of my
indisposition; but I was all sunk and dead-hearted again when she told
me she could not understand the meaning of one thing in her visit,
namely, that the young woman, as she called her, that was with the
captain's lady, and whom she called sister, was most impertinently
inquisitive into things, as who I was, how long I had been in England,
where I had lived, and the like; and that, above all the rest, she
enquired if I did not live once at the other end of the town.

"I thought her enquiries so out of the way," says the honest Quaker,
"that I gave her not the least satisfaction; but as I saw by thy answers
on board the ship, when she talked of thee, that thou didst not incline
to let her be acquainted with thee, so I was resolved that she should
not be much the wiser for me; and when she asked me if thou ever livedst
here or there, I always said no, but that thou wast a Dutch lady, and
was going home again to thy family, and lived abroad.

I thanked her very heartily for that part, and indeed she served me in
it more than I let her know she did; in a word, she thwarted the girl so
cleverly, that if she had known the whole affair she could not have done
it better.

But I must acknowledge all this put me upon the rack again, and I was
quite discouraged, not at all doubting but that the jade had a right
scent of things and that she knew and remembered my face, but had
artfully concealed her knowledge of me till she might perhaps do it more
to my disadvantage. I told all this to Amy, for she was all the relief I
had. The poor soul (Amy) was ready to hang herself, that, as she said,
she had been the occasion of it all; and that if I was ruined (which was
the word I always used to her), she had ruined me; and she tormented
herself about it so much, that I was sometimes fain to comfort her and
myself too.

What Amy vexed herself at was chiefly that she should be surprised so by
the girl, as she called her, I mean surprised into a discovery of
herself to the girl, which indeed was a false step of Amy's, and so I
had often told her. But 'twas to no purpose to talk of that now, the
business was how to get clear of the girl's suspicions, and of the girl
too, for it looked more threatening every day than another; and if I was
uneasy at what Amy had told me of her rambling and rattling to her
(Amy), I had a thousand times as much reason to be uneasy now when she
had chopped upon me so unhappily as this, and not only had seen my face,
but knew too where I lived, what name I went by, and the like.

And I am not come to the worst of it yet neither; for a few days after
my friend the Quaker had made her visit and excused me on the account of
indisposition, as if they had done it in over and above kindness because
they had been told I was not well, they comes both directly to my
lodgings to visit me; the captain's wife and my daughter (whom she
called sister), and the captain to show them the place. The captain only
brought them to the door, put them in, and went away upon some business.

Had not the kind Quaker in a lucky moment come running in before them,
they had not only clapped in upon me in the parlour, as it had been a
surprise, but, which would have been a thousand times worse, had seen
Amy with me; I think if that had happened I had had no remedy but to
take the girl by herself and have made myself known to her, which would
have been all distraction.

But the Quaker, a lucky creature to me, happened to see them come to the
door before they rang the bell, and instead of going to let them in,
came running in with some confusion in her countenance, and told me who
was a-coming; at which Amy ran first, and I after her, and bid the
Quaker come up as soon as she had let them in.

I was going to bid her deny me, but it came into my thoughts, that
having been represented so much out of order, it would have looked very
odd; besides, I knew the honest Quaker, though she would do anything
else for me, would not lie for me, and it would have been hard to have
desired it of her.

After she had let them in and brought them into the parlour, she came up
to Amy and I, who were hardly out of the fright, and yet were
congratulating one another that Amy was not surprised again.

They paid their visit in form, and I received them as formally, but took
occasion two or three times to hint that I was so ill that I was afraid
I should not be able to go to Holland, at least not so soon as the
captain must go off, and made my compliments, how sorry I was to be
disappointed of the advantage of their company and assistance in the
voyage; and sometimes I talked as if I thought I might stay till the
captain returned, and would be ready to go again. Then the Quaker put
in, that then I might be too far gone, meaning with child, that I should
not venture at all; and then (as if she should be pleased with it)
added, she hoped I would stay and lie in at her house; so as this
carried its own face with it, 'twas well enough.

But it was now high time to talk of this to my husband, which, however,
was not the greatest difficulty before me. For after this and other chat
had taken up some time, the young fool began her tattle again, and two
or three times she brought it in that I was so like a lady that she had
the honour to know at the other end of the town, that she could not put
that lady out of her mind when I was by; and once or twice I fancied the
girl was ready to cry. By and by she was at it again, and at last I
plainly saw tears in her eyes, upon which I asked her if the lady was
dead, because she seemed to be in some concern for her. She made me much
easier by her answer than ever she did before; she said she did not
really know, but she believed she was dead.

This, I say, a little relieved my thoughts, but I was soon down again;
for after some time the jade began to grow talkative, and as it was
plain that she had told all that her head could retain of Roxana and the
days of joy which I had spent at that part of the town, another accident
had like to have blown us all up again.

I was in a kind of dshabill when they came, having on a loose robe
like a morning-gown, but much after the Italian way, and I had not
altered it when I went up, only dressed my head a little, and as I had
been represented as having been lately very ill, so the dress was
becoming enough for a chamber.

This morning-vest or robe, call it as you please, was more shaped to the
body than we wear them, since showing the body in its true shape, and
perhaps a little too plainly if it had been to be worn where any men
were to come, but among ourselves it was well enough, especially for hot
weather; the colour was green, figured, and the stuff a French damask,
very rich.

This gown or vest put the girl's tongue a-running again, and her sister,
as she called her, prompted it; for as they both admired my vest and
were taken up much about the beauty of the dress, the charming damask,
the noble trimming, and the like, my girl puts in a word to the sister
(captain's wife). "This is just such a thing as I told you," says she,
"the lady danced in." "What!" says the captain's wife, "the Lady Roxana
that you told me of? Oh! that's a charming story," says she; "tell it my
lady." I could not avoid saying so too, though from my soul I wished her
in heaven for but naming it; nay, I won't say but if she had been
carried t'other way, it had been much at one to me, if I could but have
been rid of her and her story too. For when she came to describe the
Turkish dress, it was impossible but the Quaker, who was a sharp,
penetrating creature, should receive the impression in a more dangerous
manner than the girl; only that indeed she was not so dangerous a
person, for if she had known it all I could more freely have trusted her
than I could the girl, by a great deal; nay, I should have been
perfectly easy in her.

However, as I have said, her talk made me dreadfully uneasy, and the
more when the captain's wife mentioned but the name of Roxana. What my
face might do towards betraying me I knew not, because I could not see
myself, but my heart beat as if it would have jumped out of my mouth,
and my passion was so great, that for want of vent I thought I should
have burst. In a word, I was in a kind of a silent rage, for the force I
was under of restraining my passion was such as I never felt the like
of. I had no vent, nobody to open myself to or to make a complaint to
for my relief; I durst not leave the room by any means, for then she
would have told all the story in my absence, and I should have been
perpetually uneasy to know what she had said or had not said; so that,
in a word, I was obliged to sit and hear her tell all the story of
Roxana, that is to say, of myself, and not know at the same time whether
she was in earnest or in jest; whether she knew me or no, or, in short,
whether I was to be exposed or not exposed.

She began only in general with telling where she lived; what a place she
had of it, how gallant a company her lady had always had in the house,
how they used to sit up all night in the house gaming and dancing, what
a fine lady her mistress was, and what a vast deal of money the upper
servants got. As for her, she said, her whole business was in the next
house, so that she got but little; except one night that there was
twenty guineas given to be divided among the servants, when, she said,
she got two guineas and a half for her share.

She went on, and told them how many servants there was and how they were
ordered; but, she said, there was one Mrs. Amy, who was over them all,
and that she, being the lady's favourite, got a great deal. She did not
know, she said, whether Amy was her Christian name or her surname, but
she supposed it was her surname; that they were told she got threescore
pieces of gold at one time, being the same night that the rest of the
servants had the twenty guineas divided among them.

I put in at that word and said 'twas a vast deal to give away. "Why,"
says I, "'twas a portion for a servant." "Oh, madam!" says she, "it was
nothing to what she got afterwards; we that were servants hated her
heartily for it, that is to say, we wished it had been our lot in her
stead." Then I said again, "Why, it was enough to get her a good husband
and settle her for the world, if she had sense to manage it." "So it
might, to be sure, madam," says she, "for we were told she laid up above
500. But I suppose Mrs. Amy was too sensible that her character would
require a good portion to put her off."

"Oh," said I, "if that was the case, 'twas another thing."

"Nay," says she, "I don't know, but they talked very much of a young
lord that was very great with her."

"And pray what came of her at last?" said I; for I was willing to hear a
little (seeing she would talk of it) what she had to say, as well of Amy
as of myself.

"I don't know, madam," said she, "I never heard of her for several years
till t'other day I happened to see her."

"Did you indeed!" says I, and made mighty strange of it; "what, and in
rags, it may be," said I; "that's often the end of such creatures."

"Just the contrary, madam," says she, "she came to visit an acquaintance
of mine, little thinking, I suppose, to see me, and I assure you she
came in her coach."

"In her coach!" said I; "upon my word, she had made her market then. I
suppose she made hay while the sun shone; was she married, pray?"

"I believe she had been married, madam," says she, "but it seems she had
been at the East Indies, and if she was married, it was there, to be
sure. I think she said she had good luck in the Indies."

"That is, I suppose," said I, "had buried her husband there."

"I understand it so, madam," says she, "and that she had got his

"Was that her good luck?" said I. It might be good to her as to the
money indeed, but it was but the part of a jade to call it good luck.

Thus far our discourse of Mrs. Amy went, and no further, for she knew no
more of her; but then the Quaker unhappily, though undesignedly, put in
a question, which the honest, good-humoured creature would have been far
from doing if she had known that I had carried on the discourse of Amy
on purpose to drop Roxana out of the conversation.

But I was not to be made easy too soon. The Quaker put in, "But I think
thou saidst something was behind of thy mistress; what didst thou call
her: Roxana, was it not? Pray what became of her?"

"Ay, ay, Roxana," says the captain's wife; "pray, sister, let's hear the
story of Roxana; it will divert my lady, I'm sure."

"That's a damned lie," said I to myself; "if you knew how little 'twould
divert me, you would have too much advantage over me." Well, I saw no
remedy but the story must come on, so I prepared to hear the worst of

"Roxana!" says she, "I know not what to say of her; she was so much
above us, and so seldom seen, that we could know little of her but by
report, but we did sometimes see her too; she was a charming woman
indeed, and the footmen used to say that she was to be sent for to

"To Court!" said I, "why, she was at Court, wasn't she? The Pall Mall is
not far from Whitehall."

"Yes, madam," says she, "but I mean another way."

"I understand thee," says the Quaker. "Thou meanest, I suppose, to be
mistress to the King."

"Yes, madam," says she.

I cannot help confessing what a reserve of pride still was left in me;
and though I dreaded the sequel of the story, yet when she talked how
handsome and how fine a lady this Roxana was, I could not help being
pleased and tickled with it, and put in questions two or three times of
how handsome she was, and was she really so fine a woman as they talked
of, and the like, on purpose to hear her repeat what the people's
opinion of me was and how I had behaved.

"Indeed," says she at last, "she was a most beautiful creature as ever I
saw in my life." "But then," said I, "you never had the opportunity to
see her but when she was set out to the best advantage."

"Yes, yes, madam," says she, "I have seen her several times in her
dshabill, and I can assure you she was a very fine woman; and that
which was more still, everybody said she did not paint."

This was still agreeable to me one way, but there was a devilish sting
in the tail of it all, and this last article was one, wherein she said
she had seen me several times in my dshabill. This put me in mind that
then she must certainly know me, and it would come out at last, which
was death to me but to think of.

"Well, but, sister," says the captain's wife, "tell my lady about the
ball, that's the best of all the story, and of Roxana's dancing in a
fine outlandish dress."

"That's one of the brightest parts of her story indeed," says the girl;
"the case was this. We had balls and meetings in her ladyship's
apartments every week almost, but one time my lady invited all the
nobles to come such a time and she would give them a ball; and there was
a vast crowd indeed," says she.

"I think you said the King was there, sister, didn't you?"

"No, madam," says she, "that was the second time, when they said the
King had heard how finely the Turkish lady danced, and that he was there
to see her; but the King, if His Majesty was there, came disguised."

"That is what they call incog.," says my friend the Quaker; "thou canst
not think the King would disguise himself." "Yes," says the girl, "it
was so; he did not come in public with his Guards, but we all knew which
was the King, well enough; that is to say, which they said was the

"Well," says the captain's wife, "about the Turkish dress; pray let us
hear that." "Why," says she, "my lady sat in a fine little drawing-room,
which opened into the great room, and where she received the compliments
of the company; and when the dancing began, a great lord," says she, "I
forget who they called him (but he was a very great lord or duke, I
don't know which), took her out and danced with her; but after a while
my lady on a sudden shut the drawing-room and ran upstairs with her
woman Mrs. Amy, and though she did not stay long (for I suppose she had
contrived it all beforehand), she came down dressed in the strangest
figure that ever I saw in my life, but it was exceeding fine."

Here she went on to describe the dress as I have done already, but did
it so exactly that I was surprised at the manner of her telling it;
there was not a circumstance of it left out.

I was now under a new perplexity, for this young slut gave so complete
an account of everything in the dress, that my friend the Quaker
coloured at it, and looked two or three times at me to see if I did not
do so too; for (as she told me afterwards) she immediately perceived it
was the same dress that she had seen me have on, as I have said before.
However, as she saw I took no notice of it, she kept her thoughts
private to herself, and I did so too as well as I could.

I put it two or three times, that she had a good memory that could be so
particular in every part of such a thing.

"Oh, madam!" says she, "we that were servants stood by ourselves in a
corner, but so as we could see more than some strangers; besides," says
she, "it was all our conversation for several days in the family, and
what one did not observe, another did." "Why," says I to her, "this was
no Persian dress; only, I suppose, your lady was some French comedian,
that is to say, a stage Amazon, that put on a counterfeit dress to
please the company, such as they used in the play of Tamerlane at Paris,
or some such."

"No, indeed, madam," says she, "I assure you my lady was no actress; she
was a fine, modest lady, fit to be a princess; everybody said if she was
a mistress, she was fit to be a mistress to none but the King, and they
talked her up for the King as if it had really been so. Besides, madam,"
says she, "my lady danced a Turkish dance, all the lords and gentry said
it was so, and one of them swore he had seen it danced in Turkey
himself; so that it could not come from the theatre at Paris; and then
the name Roxana," says she, "was a Turkish name."

"Well," said I, "but that was not your lady's name, I suppose."

"No, no, madam," said she, "I know that; I know my lady's name and
family very well. Roxana was not her name, that's true indeed."

Here she ran me aground again, for I durst not ask her what was Roxana's
real name, lest she had really dealt with the devil and had boldly given
my own name in for answer. So that I was still more and more afraid that
the girl had really gotten the secret somewhere or other, though I could
not imagine neither how that could be.

In a word, I was sick of the discourse, and endeavoured many ways to put
an end to it, but it was impossible, for the captain's wife, who called
her sister, prompted her and pressed her to tell it, most ignorantly
thinking that it would be a pleasant tale to all of us.

Two or three times the Quaker put in that this Lady Roxana had a good
stock of assurance, and that 'twas likely if she had been in Turkey, she
had lived with or been kept by some great Bassa there. But still she
would break in upon all such discourse, and fly out into the most
extravagant praises of her mistress, the famed Roxana. I ran her down as
some scandalous woman, that it was not possible to be otherwise, but she
would not hear of it; her lady was a person of such and such
qualifications that nothing but an angel was like her, to be sure. And
yet, after all she could say, her own account brought her down to this,
that, in short, her lady kept little less than a gaming-ordinary, or, as
it would be called in the times since that, an assembly for gallantry
and play.

All this while I was very uneasy, as I said before, and yet the whole
story went off again without any discovery, only that I seemed a little
concerned that she should liken me to this gay lady whose character I
pretended to run down very much, even upon the foot of her own relation.

But I was not at the end of my mortifications yet neither, for now my
innocent Quaker threw out an unhappy expression which put me upon the
tenters again. Says she to me, "This lady's habit, I fancy, is just such
a one as thine, by the description of it"; and then turning to the
captain's wife, says she, "I fancy my friend has a finer Turkish or
Persian dress, a great deal." "Oh!" says the girl, "'tis impossible to
be finer; my lady's," says she, "was all covered with gold and diamonds;
her hair and head-dress, I forgot the name they gave it," says she,
"shone like the stars, there was so many jewels in it."

I never wished my good friend the Quaker out of my company before now,
but indeed I would have given some guineas to have been rid of her just
now; for beginning to be curious in the comparing the two dresses, she
innocently began a description of mine, and nothing terrified me so much
as the apprehension lest she should importune me to show it, which I was
resolved I would never agree to.

But before it came to this she pressed my girl to describe the Tyhiaai
or head-dress, which she did so cleverly that the Quaker could not help
saying mine was just such a one; and after several other similitudes,
all very vexatious to me, out comes the kind of motion to me to let the
ladies see my dress, and they joined their eager desires of it, even to

I desired to be excused, though I had little to say at first why I
declined it; but at last it came into my head to say it was packed up
with my other clothes that I had least occasion for, in order to be sent
on board the captain's ship, but that if we lived to come to Holland
together (which, by the way, I resolved should never happen), then, I
told them, at unpacking my clothes they should see me dressed in it; but
they must not expect I should dance in it, like the Lady Roxana in all
her fine things.

This carried it off pretty well, and getting over this got over most of
the rest, and I began to be easy again; and, in a word, that I may
dismiss the story too as soon as may be, I got rid at last of my
visitors, whom I had wished gone two hours sooner than they intended it.

Chapter  27

As soon as they were gone I ran up to Amy, and gave vent to my passions
by telling her the whole story and letting her see what mischiefs one
false step of hers had like, unluckily, to have involved us all in, more
perhaps than we could ever have lived to get through. Amy was sensible
of it enough, and was just giving her wrath a vent another way, viz. by
calling the poor girl all the damned jades and fools (and sometimes
worse names) that she could think of; in the middle of which up comes my
honest, good Quaker and puts an end to our discourse. The Quaker came in
smiling (for she was always soberly cheerful). "Well," says she, "thou
art delivered at last, I come to joy thee of it; I perceived thou wert
tired grievously of thy visitors."

"Indeed," says I, "so I was; that foolish young girl held us all in a
Canterbury story, I thought she would never have done with it." "Why,
truly I thought she was very careful to let thee know she was but a
cook-maid." "Ay," says I, "and at a gaming-house, or gaming-ordinary,
and at t'other end of the town too; all which (by the way) she might
know, would add very little to her good name among us citizens."

"I can't think," says the Quaker, "but she had some other drift in that
long discourse; there's something else in her head," says she, "I am
satisfied of that." Thought I, "Are you satisfied of it? I am sure I am
the less satisfied for that; at least 'tis but small satisfaction to me
to hear you say so. What can this be?" says I; "and when will my
uneasiness have an end?" But this was silent, and to myself, you may be
sure. But in answer to my friend the Quaker, I returned by asking her a
question or two about it; as what she thought was in it, and why she
thought there was anything in it; "for," says I, "she can have nothing
in it relating to me."

"Nay," says the kind Quaker, "if she had any view towards thee, that's
no business of mine, and I should be far from desiring thee to inform

This alarmed me again; not that I feared trusting the good-humoured
creature with it if there had been anything of just suspicion in her,
but this affair was a secret I cared not to communicate to anybody.
However, I say, this alarmed me a little, for as I had concealed
everything from her, I was willing to do so still; but as she could not
but gather up abundance of things from the girl's discourse which looked
towards me, so she was too penetrating to be put off with such answers
as might stop another's mouth. Only there was this double felicity in
it: first, that she was not inquisitive to know or find anything out,
and not dangerous if she had known the whole story. But, as I say, she
could not but gather up several circumstances from the girl's discourse,
as particularly the name of Amy, and the several descriptions of the
Turkish dress which my friend the Quaker had seen and taken so much
notice of, as I have said above.

As for that, I might have turned it off by jesting with Amy and asking
her who she lived with before she came to live with me; but that would
not do, for we had unhappily anticipated that way of talking by having
often talked how long Amy had lived with me, and which was still worse,
by having owned formerly that I had had lodgings in the Pall Mall; so
that all those things corresponded too well. There was only one thing
that helped me out with the Quaker, and that was the girl's having
reported how rich Mrs. Amy was grown, and that she kept her coach. Now
as there might be many more Mrs. Amy's besides mine, so it was not
likely to be my Amy, because she was far from such a figure as keeping
her coach; and this carried it off from the suspicions which the good,
friendly Quaker might have in her head.

But as to what she imagined the girl had in her head, there lay more
real difficulty in that part a great deal, and I was alarmed at it very
much; for my friend the Quaker told me she observed that the girl was in
a great passion when she talked of the habit, and more when I had been
importuned to show her mine but declined it. She said she several times
perceived her to be in disorder and to restrain herself with great
difficulty, and once or twice she muttered to herself that she had found
it out or that she would find it out, she could not tell whether, and
that she often saw tears in her eyes; that when I said my suit of
Turkish clothes was put up, but that she should see it when we arrived
in Holland, she heard her say softly she would go over on purpose then.

After she had ended her observations, I added I observed too that the
girl talked and looked oddly, and that she was mighty inquisitive, but I
could not imagine what it was she aimed at. "Aimed at!" says the Quaker,
"'tis plain to me what she aims at; she believes thou art the same Lady
Roxana that danced in the Turkish vest, but she is not certain." "Does
she believe so?" says I; "if I had thought that, I would have put her
out of her pain." "Believe so!" says the Quaker, "yes, and I began to
believe so too, and should have believed so still if thou hadst not
satisfied me to the contrary by thy taking no notice of it and by what
thou hast said since." "Should you have believed so?" said I warmly, "I
am very sorry for that; why, would you have taken me for an actress or a
French stage-player?" "No," says the good, kind creature, "thou carry'st
it too far; as soon as thou mad'st thy reflections upon her I knew it
could not be; but who could think any other when she described the
Turkish dress which thou hast here, with the head-tire and jewels, and
when she named thy maid Amy too, and several other circumstances
concurring? I should certainly have believed it," said she, "if thou
hadst not contradicted it, but as soon as I heard thee speak I concluded
it was otherwise." "That was very kind," said I, "and I am obliged to
you for doing me so much justice; 'tis more, it seems, than that young
talking creature does." "Nay," says the Quaker, "indeed she does not do
thee justice, for she as certainly believes it still as ever she did."
"Does she?" said I. "Ay," says the Quaker, "and I warrant thee she'll
make thee another visit about it." "Will she?" says I; "then I believe I
shall downright affront her." "No, thou shalt not affront her," says she
(full of her good humour and temper), "I'll take that part off thy
hands, for I'll affront her for thee, and not let her see thee." I
thought that was a very kind offer, but was at a loss how she would be
able to do it; and the thought of seeing her there again distracted me,
not knowing what temper she would come in, much less what manner to
receive her in. But my fast friend and constant comforter the Quaker
said she perceived the girl was impertinent, and that I had no
inclination to converse with her, and she was resolved I should not be
troubled with her. But I shall have occasion to say more of this
presently, for this girl went further yet than I thought she had.

It was now time, as I said before, to take measures with my husband in
order to put off my voyage; so I fell into talk with him one morning as
he was dressing, and while I was in bed. I pretended I was very ill, and
as I had but too easy a way to impose upon him, because he so absolutely
believed everything I said, so I managed my discourse so as that he
should understand by it I was a-breeding, though I did not tell him so.

However, I brought it about so handsomely, that before he went out of
the room he came and sat down by my bedside, and began to talk very
seriously to me upon the subject of my being so every-day ill; and that
as he hoped I was with child, he would have me consider well of it
whether I had not best alter my thoughts of the voyage to Holland, for
that being seasick, and which was worse, if a storm should happen, might
be very dangerous to me. And after saying abundance of the kindest
things that the kindest of husbands in the world could say, he concluded
that it was his request to me that I would not think any more of going
till after all should be over, but that I would, on the contrary,
prepare to lie in where I was, and where I knew, as well as he, I could
be very well provided and very well assisted.

This was just what I wanted, for I had, as you have heard, a thousand
good reasons why I should put off the voyage, especially with that
creature in company; but I had a mind the putting it off should be at
his motion, not my own, and he came into it of himself, just as I would
have had it. This gave me an opportunity to hang back a little, and to
seem as if I was unwilling. I told him I could not abide to put him to
difficulties and perplexities in his business; that now he had hired the
great cabin in the ship, and perhaps paid some of the money, and, it may
be, taken freight for goods, and to make him break it all off again
would be a needless charge to him, or perhaps a damage to the captain.

As to that, he said it was not to be named, and he would not allow it to
be any consideration at all; that he could easily pacify the captain of
the ship by telling him the reason of it, and that if he did make him
some satisfaction for the disappointment, it should not be much.

"But, my dear," says I, "you haven't heard me say I am with child,
neither can I say so, and if it should not be so at last, then I shall
have made a fine piece of work of it indeed. Besides," says I, "the two
ladies, the captain's wife and her sister, they depend upon our going
over, and have made great preparations, and all in compliment to me;
what must I say to them?"

"Well, my dear," says he, "if you should not be with child, though I
hope you are, yet there is no harm done; the staying three or four
months longer in England will be no damage to me, and we can go when we
please, when we are sure you are not with child, or when it appearing
that you are with child, you shall be down and up again. And as for the
captain's wife and sister, leave that part to me, I'll answer for it
there shall be no quarrel raised upon that subject; I'll make your
excuse to them by the captain himself, so all will be well enough there,
I'll warrant you."

This was as much as I could desire, and thus it rested for a while. I
had indeed some anxious thoughts about this impertinent girl, but
believed that putting off the voyage would have put an end to it all; so
I began to be pretty easy. But I found myself mistaken, for I was
brought to the point of destruction by her again, and that in the most
unaccountable manner imaginable.

My husband, as he and I had agreed, meeting the captain of the ship,
took the freedom to tell him that he was afraid he must disappoint him,
for that something had fallen out which had obliged him to alter his
measures, and that his family could not be ready to go time enough for

"I know the occasion, sir," says the captain. "I hear your lady has got
a daughter more than she expected; I give you joy of it." "What do you
mean by that?" says my spouse. "Nay, nothing," says the captain, "but
what I hear the women tattle over the tea-table; I know nothing but that
you don't go the voyage upon it, which I am sorry for. But you know your
own affairs," added the captain, "that's no business of mine."

"Well, but," says my husband, "I must make you some satisfaction for the
disappointment," and so pulls out his money. "No, no," says the captain,
and so they fell to straining their compliments one upon another. But,
in short, my spouse gave him three or four guineas, and made him take
it, and so the first discourse went off again and they had no more of

But it did not go off so easily with me; for now, in a word, the clouds
began to thicken about me and I had alarms on every side. My husband
told me what the captain had said, but very happily took it that the
captain had brought a tale by halves, and, having heard it one way, had
told it another; and that neither could he understand the captain,
neither did the captain understand himself; so he contented himself to
tell me, he said, word for word, as the captain delivered it.

How I kept my husband from discovering my disorder, you shall hear
presently; but let it suffice to say just now that if my husband did not
understand the captain, nor the captain understand himself, yet I
understood them both very well; and to tell the truth, it was a worse
shock than ever I had had yet. Invention supplied me indeed with a
sudden motion to avoid showing my surprise, for as my spouse and I were
sitting by a little table near the fire, I reached out my hand, as if I
had intended to take a spoon which lay on the other side, and threw one
of the candles off of the table, and then, snatching it up, started up
upon my feet, and stooped to the lap of my gown and took it in my hand.
"Oh!" says I, "my gown's spoiled; the candle has greased it
prodigiously." This furnished me with an excuse to my spouse to break
off the discourse for the present and call Amy down. And Amy not coming
presently, I said to him, "My dear, I must run upstairs and put it off
and let Amy clean it a little." So my husband rose up too, and went into
a closet where he kept his papers and books, and fetched a book out and
sat down by himself to read.

Glad I was that I had got away, and up I ran to Amy, who, as it
happened, was alone. "Oh, Amy!" says I, "we are all utterly undone ";
and with that I burst out a-crying, and could not speak a word for a
great while.

I cannot help saying that some very good reflections offered themselves
upon this head; it presently occurred, what a glorious testimony it is
to the justice of Providence, and to the concern Providence has in
guiding all the affairs of men (even the least as well as the greatest),
that the most secret crimes are, by the most unforeseen accidents,
brought to light and discovered.

Another reflection was, how just it is that sin and shame follow one
another so constantly at the heels, that they are not like attendants
only, but like cause and consequence, necessarily connected one with
another; that the crime going before, the scandal is certain to follow,
and that 'tis not in the power of human nature to conceal the first or
avoid the last.

"What shall I do, Amy?" said I as soon as I could speak, "and what will
become of me?" And then I cried again so vehemently, that I could say no
more a great while. Amy was frighted almost out of her wits, but knew
nothing what the matter was; but she begged to know, and persuaded me to
compose myself and not cry so. "Why, madam, if my master should come up
now," says she, "he will see what a disorder you are in; he will know
you have been crying, and then he will want to know the cause of it."
With that I broke out again. "Oh! he knows it already, Amy," says I; "he
knows all! 'tis all discovered! and we are undone!" Amy was
thunderstruck now indeed. "Nay," says Amy, "if that be true we are
undone indeed; but that can never be, that's impossible, I'm sure."

"No, no," says I, "'tis far from impossible, for I tell you 'tis so."
And by this time being a little recovered, I told her what discourse my
husband and the captain had had together, and what the captain had said.
This put Amy into such a hurry that she cried, she raved, she swore and
cursed like a mad thing; then she upbraided me that I would not let her
kill the girl when she would have done it; and that it was all my own
doing, and the like. Well, however, I was not for killing the girl yet,
I could not bear the thoughts of that neither.

We spent half an hour in these extravagances, and brought nothing out of
them neither; for indeed we could do nothing or say nothing that was to
the purpose, for if anything was to come out-of-the-way, there was no
hindering it nor help for it. So after thus giving a vent to myself by
crying, I began to reflect how I had left my spouse below, and what I
had pretended to come up for; so I changed my gown that I pretended the
candle fell upon, and put on another and went down.

When I had been down a good while, and found my spouse did not fall into
the story again as I expected, I took heart and called for it. "My
dear," said I, "the fall of the candle put you out of your history;
won't you go on with it?" "What history?" says he. "Why," says I, "about
the captain." "Oh!" says he, "I had done with it; I know no more than
that the captain told a broken piece of news that he had heard by
halves, and told more by halves than he heard it; namely, of your being
with child, and that you could not go the voyage."

I perceived my husband entered not into the thing at all, but took it
for a story, which, being told two or three times over, was puzzled and
come to nothing; and that all that was meant by it was what he knew or
thought he knew already, viz. that I was with child, which he wished
might be true.

His ignorance was cordial to my soul, and I cursed them in my thoughts
that should ever undeceive him; and as I saw him willing to have the
story end there, as not worth being further mentioned, I closed it too,
and said I supposed the captain had it from his wife, she might have
found somebody else to make her remarks upon; and so it passed off with
my husband well enough, and I was still safe there where I thought
myself in most danger. But I had two uneasinesses still: the first was,
lest the captain and my spouse should meet again and enter into further
discourse about it; and the second was, lest the busy, impertinent girl
should come again, and when she came, how to prevent her seeing Amy,
which was an article as material as any of the rest; for seeing Amy
would have been as fatal to me as her knowing all the rest.

As to the first of these, I knew the captain could not stay in town
above a week, but that his ship being already full of goods, and fallen
down the river, he must soon follow; so I contrived to carry my husband
somewhere out of town for a few days, that they might be sure not to

My greatest concern was, where we should go. At last I fixed upon
Northall; not, I said, that I would drink the waters, but that I thought
the air was good, and might be for my advantage. He, who did everything
upon the foundation of obliging me, readily came into it, and the coach
was appointed to be ready the next morning; but as we were settling
matters he put in an ugly word that thwarted all my design. And that
was, that he had rather I would stay till afternoon, for that he should
speak to the captain next morning if he could, to give him some letters,
which he could do and be back again about twelve o'clock.

I said, "Ay, by all means"; but it was but a cheat on him, and my voice
and my heart differed, for I resolved, if possible, he should not come
near the captain nor see him, whatever came of it.

In the evening therefore, a little before we went to bed, I pretended to
have altered my mind, and that I would not go to Northall, but I had a
mind to go another way, but I told him I was afraid his business would
not permit him; he wanted to know where it was. I told him, smiling, I
would not tell him, lest it should oblige him to hinder his business. He
answered, with the same temper but with infinitely more sincerity, that
he had no business of so much consequence as to hinder him going with me
anywhere that I had a mind to go. "Yes," says I, "you want to speak with
the captain before he goes away." "Why, that's true," says he, "so I
do," and paused a while; and then added, "But I'll write a note to a man
that does business for me, to go to him; 'tis only to get some bills of
loading signed, and he can do it." When I saw I had gained my point I
seemed to hang back a little. "My dear," says I, "don't hinder an hour's
business for me; I can put it off for a week or two, rather than you
shall do yourself any prejudice." "No, no," says he, "you shall not put
it of an hour for me, for I can do my business by proxy with anybody but
my wife "; and then he took me in his arms and kissed me. How did my
blood flush up into my face when I reflected how sincerely, how
affectionately this good-humoured gentleman embraced the most cursed
piece of hypocrisy that ever came into the arms of an honest man! His
was all tenderness, all kindness, and the utmost sincerity; mine all
grimace and deceit, a piece of mere manage and framed conduct to conceal
a past life of wickedness and prevent his discovering that he had in his
arms a she-devil, whose whole conversation for twenty-five years had
been black as hell, a complication of crime, and for which, had he been
let into it, he must have abhorred me and the very mention of my name.
But there was no help for me in it, all I had to satisfy myself was that
it was my business to be what I was and conceal what I had been; that
all the satisfaction I could make him was to live virtuously for the
time to come, not being able to retrieve what had been in time past; and
this I resolved upon, though had the great temptation offered, as it did
afterwards, I had reason to question my stability. But of that

After my husband had kindly thus given up his measures to mine, we
resolved to set out in the morning early. I told him that my project, if
he liked it, was to go to Tunbridge; and he, being entirely passive in
the thing, agreed to it with the greatest willingness, but said if I had
not named Tunbridge, he would have named Newmarket (there being a great
Court there, and abundance of fine things to be seen). I offered him
another piece of hypocrisy here, for I pretended to be willing to go
thither, as the place of his choice, but indeed I would not have gone
for a thousand pounds; for the Court being there at that time, I durst
not run the hazard of being known at a place where there were so many
eyes that had seen me before. So that, after some time, I told my
husband that I thought Newmarket was so full of people at that time,
that we should get no accommodation; that seeing the Court and the crowd
was no entertainment at all to me, unless as it might be so to him, that
if he thought fit, we would rather put it off to another time; and that
if when we went to Holland, we should go by Harwich, we might take a
round by Newmarket and Bury, and so come down to Ipswich, and go from
thence to the seaside. He was easily put off from this, as he was from
anything else that I did not approve; and so with all imaginable
facility he appointed to be ready early in the morning, to go with me
for Tunbridge.

I had a double design in this, viz. first, to get away my spouse from
seeing the captain any more; and secondly, to be out of the way myself,
in case this impertinent girl, who was now my plague, should offer to
come again, as my friend the Quaker believed she would; and as indeed
happened within two or three days afterwards.

Chapter  28

Having thus secured my going away the next day, I had nothing to do but
to furnish my faithful agent the Quaker with some instructions what to
say to this tormentor (for such she proved afterwards), and how to
manage her if she made any more visits than ordinary.

I had a great mind to leave Amy behind too, as an assistant, because she
understood so perfectly well what to advise upon any emergence; and Amy
importuned me to do so. But I know not what secret impulse prevailed
over my thoughts against it, I could not do it for fear the wicked jade
should make her away, which my very soul abhorred the thoughts of;
which, however, Amy found means to bring to pass afterwards, as I may in
time relate more particularly.

It is true I wanted as much to be delivered from her as ever a sick man
did from a third-day ague, and had she dropped into the grave by any
fair way, as I may call it--I mean had she died by any ordinary
distemper--I should have shed but very few tears for her. But I was not
arrived to such a pitch of obstinate wickedness as to commit murder,
especially such as to murder my own child, or so much as to harbour a
thought so barbarous in my mind. But, as I said, Amy effected all
afterwards without my knowledge, for which I gave her my hearty curse,
though I could do little more; for to have fallen upon Amy had been to
have murdered myself. But this tragedy requires a longer story than I
have room for here. I return to my journey.

My dear friend the Quaker was kind, and yet honest, and would do
anything that was just and upright to serve me, but nothing wicked or
dishonourable. That she might be able to say boldly to the creature, if
she came, she did not know where I was gone, she desired I would not let
her know; and to make her ignorance the more absolutely safe to herself,
and likewise to me, I allowed her to say that she heard us talk of going
to Newmarket, etc. She liked that part, and I left all the rest to her,
to act as she thought fit, only charged her that if the girl entered
into the story of the Pall Mall, she should not entertain much talk
about it, but let her understand that we all thought she spoke of it a
little too particularly, and that the lady (meaning me) took it a little
ill to be so likened to a public mistress or a stage-player, and the
like; and so bring her, if possible, to say no more of it. However,
though I did not tell my friend the Quaker how to write to me or where I
was, yet I left a sealed paper with her maid to give her, in which I
gave her a direction how to write to Amy, and so in effect to myself.

It was but a few days after I was gone, but the impatient girl came to
my lodgings on pretence to see how I did, and to hear if I intended to
go the voyage, and the like. My trusty agent was at home, and received
her coldly at the door, but told her that the lady which she supposed
she meant was gone from her house.

This was a full stop to all she could say for a good while; but as she
stood musing some time at the door, considering what to begin a talk
upon, she perceived my friend the Quaker looked a little uneasy, as if
she wanted to go in and shut the door, which stung her to the quick; and
the wary Quaker had not so much as asked her to come in; for seeing her
alone, she expected she would be very impertinent, and concluded that I
did not care how coldly she received her.

But she was not to be put off so. She said if the Lady ---- was not to
be spoken with, she desired to speak two or three words with her,
meaning my friend the Quaker. Upon that the Quaker civilly but coldly
asked her to walk in, which was what she wanted. Note, she did not carry
her into her best parlour as formerly, but into a little outer room
where the servants usually waited.

By the first of her discourse she did not stick to insinuate as if she
believed I was in the house but was unwilling to be seen, and pressed
earnestly that she might speak but two words with me; to which she added
earnest entreaties, and at last tears.

"I am sorry," says my good creature the Quaker, "thou hast so ill an
opinion of me as to think I would tell thee an untruth, and say that the
Lady ---- was gone from my house if she was not. I assure thee I do not
use any such method, nor does the Lady ---- desire any such kind of
service from me as I know of. If she had been in the house, I should
have told thee so."

She said little to that, but said it was business of the utmost
importance that she desired to speak with me about; and then cried again
very much.

"Thou seem'st to be sorely afflicted," says the Quaker, "I wish I could
give thee any relief; but if nothing will comfort thee but seeing the
Lady ----, it is not in my power."

"I hope it is," says she again; "to be sure it is of great consequence
to me, so much that I am undone without it."

"Thou troublest me very much to hear thee say so," says the Quaker; "but
why then didst thou not speak to her apart when thou wast here before?"

"I had no opportunity," says she, "to speak to her alone, and I could
not do it in company; if I could have spoken but two words to her alone,
I would have throw'n myself at her foot and asked her blessing."

"I am surprised at thee; I do not understand thee," says the Quaker.

"Oh!" says she, "stand my friend, if you have any charity, or if you
have any compassion for the miserable, for I am utterly undone!"

"Thou terrifiest me," says the Quaker, "with such passionate
expressions, for verily I cannot comprehend thee."

"Oh!" says she, "she is my mother; she is my mother, and she does not
own me."

"Thy mother!" says the Quaker, and began to be greatly moved indeed; "I
am astonished at thee; what dost thou mean?"

"I mean nothing but what I say," says she, "I say again she is my
mother! and will not own me "; and with that she stopped with a flood of

"Not own thee!" says the Quaker; and the tender, good creature wept too.
"Why, she says she does not know thee, and never saw thee before."

"No," says the girl, "I believe she does not know me, but I know her,
and I know that she is my mother."

"It's impossible! Thou talkest mystery," says the Quaker; "wilt thou
explain thyself a little to me?"

"Yes, yes," says she, "I can explain it well enough; I am sure she is my
mother, and I have broken my heart to search for her; and now to lose
her again, when I was so sure I had found her, will break my heart more

"Well, but if she be thy mother," says the Quaker, "how can it be that
she should not know thee?"

"Alas!" says she, "I have been lost to her ever since I was a child. She
has never seen me."

"And hast thou never seen her?" says the Quaker.

"Yes," says she, "I have seen her, often enough I saw her, for when she
was the Lady Roxana I was her housemaid, being a servant, but I did not
know her then, nor she me, but it has all come out since; has she not a
maid named Amy?" (Note, the honest Quaker was nonplussed, and greatly
surprised at that question.) "Truly," says she, "the Lady ---- has
several women-servants, but I do not know all their names."

"But her woman, her favourite," adds the girl; "is not her name Amy?"

"Why, truly," says the Quaker with a very happy turn of wit, "I do not
like to be examined; but lest thou shouldst take up any mistakes by
reason of my backwardness to speak, I will answer thee for once that
what her woman's name is I know not, but they call her Cherry."

N.B.--My husband gave her that name in jest on our wedding day, and we
had called her by it ever since, so that she spoke literally true at
that time.

The girl replied very modestly that she was sorry if she gave her any
offence in asking, that she did not design to be rude to her or pretend
to examine her, but that she was in such an agony at this disaster, that
she knew not what she did or said; and that she should be very sorry to
disoblige her, but begged of her again, as she was a Christian and a
woman, and had been a mother of children, that she would take pity on
her, and if possible assist her, so that she might come to me and speak
a few words to me.

The tender-hearted Quaker told me the girl spoke this with such moving
eloquence that it forced tears from her, but she was obliged to say that
she neither knew where I was gone nor how to write to me, but that if
she did ever see me again she would not fail to give me an account of
all she had said to her or that she should yet think fit to say, and to
take my answer to it if I thought fit to give any.

Then the Quaker took the freedom to ask a few particulars about this
wonderful story, as she called it; at which, the girl beginning at the
first distresses of my life, and indeed of her own, went through all the
history of her miserable education, her service under the Lady Roxana,
as she called me, and her relief by Mrs. Amy; with the reasons she had
to believe that as Amy owned herself to be the same that lived with her
mother, and especially that Amy was the Lady Roxana's maid too and came
out of France with her, she was by those circumstances, and several
others in her conversation, as fully convinced that the Lady Roxana was
her mother, as she was that the Lady ---- at her house (the Quaker's)
was the very same Roxana that she had been servant to.

My good friend the Quaker, though terribly shocked at the story, and not
well knowing what to say, yet was too much my friend to seem convinced
in a thing which she did not know to be true, and which, if it was true,
she could see plainly I had a mind should not be known; so she turned
her discourse to argue the girl out of it. She insisted upon the slender
evidence she had of the fact itself, and the rudeness of claiming so
near a relation of one so much above her, and of whose concern in it she
had no knowledge, at least not sufficient proof; that as the lady at her
house was a person above any disguises, so she could not believe that
she would deny her being her daughter if she was really her mother; that
she was able sufficiently to have provided for her if she had not a mind
to have her known; and therefore, seeing she had heard all she had said
of the Lady Roxana, and was so far from owning herself to be the person,
so she had censured that sham lady, as a cheat and a common woman; and
that 'Twas certain she could never be brought to own a name and
character she had so justly exposed.

Besides, she told her that her lodger (meaning me) was not a sham lady,
but the real wife of a knight baronet, and that she knew her to be
honestly such, and far above such a person as she had described. She
then added that she had another reason why it was not very possible to
be true; "and that is," says she, "thy age is in the way; for thou
acknowledgest that thou art four-and-twenty years old, and that thou
wast the youngest of three of thy mother's children, so that by thy
account thy mother must be extremely young, or this lady cannot be thy
mother; for thou seest," says she, "and any one may see, she is but a
young woman now, and cannot be supposed to be above forty years old, if
she is so much, and is now big with child at her going into the country.
So that I cannot give any credit to thy notion of her being thy mother;
and if I might counsel thee, it should be to give over that thought as
an improbable story that does but serve to disorder thee and disturb thy
head; for," added she, "I perceive thou art much disturbed indeed."

But this was all nothing. She could be satisfied with nothing but seeing
me; but the Quaker defended herself very well, and insisted on it that
she could not give her any account of me. And finding her still
importunate, she affected at last being a little disgusted that she
should not believe her, and added that indeed if she had known where I
was gone, she would not have given anyone an account of it unless I had
given her orders to do so. "But seeing she has not acquainted me," says
she, "where she is gone, 'tis an intimation to me she was not desirous
it should be publicly known." And with this she rose up, which was as
plain a desiring her to rise up too and be gone as could be expressed,
except the downright showing her the door.

Well, the girl rejected all this, and told her she could not indeed
expect that she (the Quaker) should be affected with the story she had
told her, however moving, or that she should take any pity on her. That
it was her misfortune that when she was at the house before, and in the
room with me, she did not beg to speak a word with me in private, or
throw herself upon the floor at my feet and claim what the affection of
a mother would have done for her; but since she had slipped her
opportunity, she would wait for another. That she found by her (the
Quaker's) talk that she had not quite left her lodgings, but was gone
into the country, she supposed, for the air; and she was resolved she
would take so much knight-errantry upon her, that she would visit all
the airing places in the nation, and even all the kingdom over, ay, and
Holland too, but she would find me; for she was satisfied she could so
convince me that she was my own child, that I would not deny it, and she
was sure I was so tender and compassionate, I would not let her perish
after I was convinced that she was my own flesh and blood. And in saying
she would visit all the airing-places in England, she reckoned them all
up by name, and began with Tunbridge, the very place I was gone to; then
reckoning up Epsom, Northall, Barnet, Newmarket, Bury, and at last the
Bath. And with this she took her leave.

Chapter  29

My faithful agent the Quaker failed not to write to me immediately, but
as she was a cunning as well as an honest woman, it presently occurred
to her that this was a story which, whether true or false, was not very
fit to come to my husband's knowledge; that as she did not know what I
might have been, or might have been called in former times, and how far
there might have been something or nothing in it, so she thought if it
was a secret I ought to have the telling of it myself, and if it was
not, it might as well be public afterwards as now; and that, at least,
she ought to leave it where she found it, and not hand it forwards to
anybody without my consent. These prudent measures were inexpressibly
kind as well as seasonable, for it had been likely enough that her
letter might have come publicly to me, and though my husband would not
have opened it, yet it would have looked a little odd that I should
conceal its contents from him when I had pretended so much to
communicate all my affairs.

In consequence of this wise caution my good friend only wrote me in a
few words that the impertinent young woman had been with her, as she
expected she would, and that she thought it would be very convenient
that, if I could spare Cherry, I would send her up (meaning Amy),
because she found there might be some occasion for her.

As it happened, this letter was enclosed to Amy herself, and not sent by
the way I had at first ordered, but it came safe to my hands; and though
I was alarmed a little at it, yet I was not acquainted with the danger I
was in of an immediate visit from this teasing creature till afterwards;
and I ran a greater risk indeed than ordinary, in that I did not send
Amy up under thirteen or fourteen days, believing myself as much
concealed at Tunbridge as if I had been at Vienna.

But the concern my faithful spy (for such my Quaker was now, upon the
mere foot of her own sagacity)--I say her concern for me was my safety in
this exigence, when I was, as it were, keeping no guard for myself; for
finding Amy not come up, and that she did not know how soon this wild
thing might put her designed ramble in practice, she sent a messenger to
the captain's wife's house, where she lodged, to tell her that she
wanted to speak with her. She was at the heels of the messenger, and
came eager for some news, and hoped, she said, the lady (meaning me) had
been come to town.

The Quaker, with as much caution as she was mistress of, not to tell a
downright lie, made her believe she expected to hear of me very quickly;
and frequently, by the by, speaking of being abroad to take the air,
talked of the country about Bury, how pleasant it was, how wholesome,
and how fine the air, how the downs about Newmarket were exceeding fine,
and what a vast deal of company there was, now the Court was there; till
at last the girl began to conclude that my ladyship was gone thither;
for, she said, she knew I loved to see a great deal of company.

"Nay," says my friend, "thou takest me wrong; I did not suggest," says
she, "that the person thou enquirest after is gone thither, neither do I
believe she is, I assure you." Well, the girl smiled, and let her know
that she believed it for all that; so, to clinch it fast, "Verily," says
she with great seriousness, "thou dost not do well, for thou suspectest
everything and believest nothing. I speak solemnly to thee that I do not
believe they are gone that way; so if thou givest thyself the trouble to
go that way, and art disappointed, do not say that I have deceived
thee." She knew well enough that if this did abate her suspicion, it
would not remove it, and that it would do little more than amuse her;
but by this she kept her in suspense till Amy came up, and that was

When Amy came up she was quite confounded to hear the relation which the
Quaker gave her, and found means to acquaint me of it, only letting me
know, to my great satisfaction, that she would not come to Tunbridge
first, but that she would certainly go to Newmarket or Bury first.

However, it gave me very great uneasiness, for as she resolved to ramble
in search after me over the whole country, I was safe nowhere, no, not
in Holland itself; so indeed I did not know what to do with her. And
thus I had a bitter in all my sweet, for I was continually perplexed
with this hussy and thought she haunted me like an evil spirit.

In the meantime Amy was next door to stark mad about her; she durst not
see her at my lodgings, for her life, and she went days without number
to Spitalfields, where she used to come, and to her former lodging, and
could never meet with her. At length she took up a mad resolution that
she would go directly to the captain's house in Redriff and speak with
her; it was a mad step, that's true, but as Amy said she was mad, so
nothing she could do could be otherwise. For if Amy had found her at
Redriff, she (the girl) would have concluded presently that the Quaker
had given her notice, and so that we were all of a knot, and that, in
short, all she had said was right. But as it happened, things came to
hit better than we expected; for that Amy, going out of a coach to take
water at Tower Wharf, meets the girl just come on shore, having crossed
the water from Redriff. Amy made as if she would have passed by her,
though they met so full that she did not pretend she did not see her,
for she looked fairly upon her first; but then, turning her head away.
with a slight, offered to go from her, but the girl stopped and spoke
first, and made some manners to her.

Amy spoke coldly to her and a little angry, and after some words,
standing in the street or passage, the girl saying she seemed to be
angry, and would not have spoken to her, "Why," says Amy, "how can you
expect I should have any more to say to you, after I had done so much
for you and you have behaved so to me?" The girl seemed to take no
notice of that now, but answered, "I was going to wait on you now."
"Wait on me!" says Amy; "what do you mean by that?" "Why," says she
again, with a kind of familiarity, "I was going to your lodgings."

Amy was provoked to the last degree at her, and yet she thought it was
not her time to resent, because she had a more fatal and wicked design
in her head against her; which indeed I never knew till after it was
executed, nor durst Amy ever communicate it to me, for as I had always
expressed myself vehemently against hurting a hair of her head, so she
was resolved to take her own measures without consulting me any more.

In order to this Amy gave her good words, and concealed her resentment
as much as she could; and when she talked of going to her lodging, Amy
smiled and said nothing, but called for a pair of oars to go to
Greenwich, and asked her, seeing she said she was going to her lodging,
to go along with her, for she was going home and was all alone.

Amy did this with such a stock of assurance that the girl was confounded
and knew not what to say; but the more she hesitated the more Amy
pressed her to go, and, talking very kindly to her, told her if she did
not go to see her lodgings, she might go to keep her company, and she
would pay a boat to bring her back again; so, in a word, Amy prevailed
on her to go into the boat with her, and carried her down to Greenwich.
'tis certain that Amy had no more business at Greenwich than I had, nor
was she going thither; but we were all hampered to the last degree with
the impertinence of this creature, and in particular I was horribly
perplexed with it.

As they were in the boat Amy began to reproach her with ingratitude in
treating her so rudely, who had done so much for her and been so kind to
her, and to ask her what she had got by it or what she expected to get.
Then came in my share, the Lady Roxana; Amy jested with that, and
bantered her a little and asked her if she had found her yet.

But Amy was both surprised and enraged when the girl told her roundly
that she thanked her for what she had done for her, but that she would
not have her think she was so ignorant as not to know that what she
(Amy) had done was by her mother's order, and who she was beholden to
for it. That she could never make instruments pass for principals, and
pay the debt to the agent, when the obligation was all to the original.
That she knew well enough who she was, and who she was employed by. That
she knew the Lady ---- very well (naming the name that I now went by),
which was my husband's true name, and by which she might know whether
she had found out her mother or no.

Amy wished her at the bottom of the Thames; and had there been no
watermen in the boat and nobody in sight, she swore to me she would have
thrown her into the river. I was horribly disturbed when she told me
this story, and began to think this would at last all end in my ruin;
but when Amy spoke of throwing her into the river and drowning her, I
was so provoked at her, that all my rage turned against Amy and I fell
thoroughly out with her. I had now kept Amy almost thirty years, and
found her on all occasions the faithfulest creature to me that ever
woman had; I say faithful to me, for however wicked she was, still she
was true to me; and even this rage of hers was all upon my account, and
for fear any mischief should befall me.

But be that how it would, I could not bear the mention of her murdering
the poor girl, and it put me so beside myself that I rose up in a rage
and bade her get out of my sight and out of my house; told her I had
kept her too long, and that I would never see her face more. I had
before told her that she was a murderer and a bloody-minded creature,
that she could not but know that I could not bear the thought of it,
much less the mention of it, and that it was the impudentest thing that
ever was known, to make such a proposal to me, when she knew that I was
really the mother of this girl, and that she was my own child; that it
was wicked enough in her, but that she must conclude I was ten times
wickeder than herself if I could come into it; that the girl was in the
right, and I had nothing to blame her for, but that it was owing to the
wickedness of my life that made it necessary for me to keep her from a
discovery, but that I would not murder my child though I was otherwise
to be ruined by it. Amy replied somewhat rough and short, would I not,
but she would, she said, if she had an opportunity. And upon these words
it was that I bade her get out of my sight and out of my house; and it
went so far that Amy packed up her alls and marched off, and was gone
for almost good and all. But of that in its order; I must go back to her
relation of the voyage which they made to Greenwich together.

They held on the wrangle all the way by water; the girl insisted upon
her knowing that I was her mother, and told her all the history of my
life in the Pall Mall, as well after her being turned away, as before,
and of my marriage since; and which was worse, not only who my present
husband was, but where he had lived, viz. at Rouen in France; she knew
nothing of Paris or of where we were going to live, namely, at Nimeguen,
but told her in so many words that if she could not find me here, she
would go to Holland after me.

They landed at Greenwich and Amy carried her into the Park with her, and
they walked above two hours there in the farthest and remotest walks;
which Amy did because as they talked with great heat, it was apparent
they were quarrelling, and the people took notice of it.

They walked till they came almost to the wilderness at the south side of
the Park, but the girl, perceiving Amy offered to go in there among the
woods and trees, stopped short there and would go no further, but said
she would not go in there.

Amy smiled and asked her what was the matter. She replied short, she did
not know where she was nor where she was going to carry her, and she
would go no further, and without any more ceremony turns back and walks
apace away from her. Amy owned she was surprised, and came back too and
called to her, upon which the girl stopped, and Amy coming up to her,
asked her what she meant.

The girl boldly replied she did not know but she might murder her, and
that, in short, she would not trust herself with her, and never would
come into her company again alone.

It was very provoking; but, however, Amy kept her temper with much
difficulty, and bore it, knowing that much might depend upon it; so she
mocked her foolish jealousy and told her she need not be uneasy for her,
she would do her no harm, and would have done her good if she would have
let her; but since she was of such a refractory humour, she should not
trouble herself, for she should never come into her company again, and
that neither she nor her brother or sister should ever hear from her or
see her any more; and so she should have the satisfaction of being the
ruin of her brother and sister, as well as of herself.

The girl seemed a little mollified at that, and said, that for herself
she knew the worst of it, she could seek her fortune, but 'twas hard her
brother and sister should suffer on her score, and said something that
was tender and well enough on that account. But Amy told her it was for
her to take that into consideration, for she would let her see that it
was all her own; that she would have done them all good, but that having
been used thus, she would do no more for any of them; and that she
should not need to be afraid to come into her company again, for she
would never give her occasion for it any more; by the way, was false in
the girl too, for she did venture into Amy's company again after that,
once too much, as I shall relate by itself.

They grew cooler, however, afterwards, and Amy carried her into a house
at Greenwich where she was acquainted, and took an occasion to leave the
girl in a room awhile, to speak to the people in the house, and so
prepare them to own her as a lodger in the house; and then going in to
her again, told her there she lodged if she had a mind to find her out,
or if anybody else had anything to say to her. And so Amy dismissed her
and got rid of her again, and finding an empty hackney-coach in the
town, came away by land to London, and the girl going down to the
waterside, came by boat.

This conversation did not answer Amy's end at all, because it did not
secure the girl from pursuing her design of hunting me out; and though
my indefatigable friend the Quaker amused her three or four days, yet I
had such notice of it at last, that I thought fit to come away from
Tunbridge upon it, and where to go I knew not; but, in short, I went to
a little village upon Epping Forest, called Woodford, and took lodgings
in a private house, where I lived retired about six weeks, till I
thought she might be tired of her search and have given me over.

Here I received an account from my trusty Quaker that the wench had
really been at Tunbridge, had found out my lodgings, and had told her
tale there in a most dismal tone; that she had followed us as she
thought, to London, but the Quaker had answered her that she knew
nothing of it, which was indeed true, and had admonished her to be easy
and not hunt after people of such fashion as we were, as if we were
thieves; that she might be assured that since I was not willing to see
her, I would not be forced to it, and treating me thus would effectually
disoblige me. And with such discourses as these she quieted her; and she
(the Quaker) added that she hoped I should not be troubled much more
with her.

It was in this time that Amy gave me the history of her Greenwich
voyage, when she spoke of drowning and killing the girl, in so serious a
manner, and with such an apparent resolution of doing it, that, as I
said, put me in a rage with her, so that I effectually turned her away
from me, as I have said above; and she was gone, nor did she so much as
tell me whither or which way she was gone; on the other hand, when I
came to reflect on it, that now I had neither assistant nor confidante
to speak to or receive the least information, my friend the Quaker
excepted, it made me very uneasy.

I waited and expected, and wondered from day to day, still thinking Amy
would one time or other think a little and come again, or at least let
me hear of her, but for ten days together I heard nothing of her. I was
so impatient that I got neither rest by day nor sleep by night, and what
to do I knew not. I durst not go to town to the Quaker's, for fear of
meeting that vexatious creature my girl, and I could get no
intelligence, where I was; so I got my spouse, upon pretence of wanting
her company, to take the coach one day and fetch my good Quaker to me.

When I had her I durst ask her no questions, nor hardly knew which end
of the business to begin to talk of; but of her own accord she told me
that the girl had been three or four times haunting her for news from
me, and that she had been so troublesome that she had been obliged to
show herself a little angry with her, and at last told her plainly that
she need give herself no trouble in searching after me by her means, for
she (the Quaker) would not tell her if she knew; upon which she
refrained awhile. But on the other hand, she told me, it was not safe
for me to send my own coach for her to come in, for she had some reason
to believe that she (my daughter) watched her door night and day, nay,
and watched her too every time she went in and out; for she was so bent
upon a discovery that she spared no pains, and she believed she had
taken a lodging very near their house for that purpose.

I could hardly give her a hearing of all this for my eagerness to ask
for Amy, but I was confounded when she told me she had heard nothing of
her. 'Tis impossible to express the anxious thoughts that rolled about
in my mind and continually perplexed me about her; particularly I
reproached myself with my rashness in turning away so faithful a
creature, that for so many years had not only been a servant but an
agent, and not only an agent but a friend, and a faithful friend too.

Then I considered too that Amy knew all the secret history of my life,
had been in all the intrigues of it, and been a party in both evil and
good, and at best there was no policy in it; that as it was very
ungenerous and unkind to run things to such an extremity with her, and
for an occasion too in which all the fault she was guilty of was owing
to her excess of care for my safety, so it must be only her steady
kindness to me, and an excess of generous friendship for me, that should
keep her from ill-using me in return for it, which ill-using me was
enough in her power and might be my utter undoing.

These thoughts perplexed me exceedingly, and what course to take I
really did not know. I began indeed to give Amy quite over, for she had
now been gone above a fortnight, and as she had taken away all her
clothes and her money too, which was not a little, and so had no
occasion of that kind to come any more, so she had not left any word
where she was gone, or to which part of the world I might send to hear
of her.

And I was troubled on another account too, viz. that my spouse and I too
had resolved to do very handsomely for Amy, without considering what she
might have got another way at all; but we had said nothing of it to her,
and so I thought as she had not known what was likely to fall in her
way, she had not the influence of that expectation to make her come

Upon the whole, the perplexity of this girl who hunted me, as if, like a
hound, she had had a hot scent but was now at a fault--I say that
perplexity, and this other part of Amy being gone, issued in this, I
resolved to be gone, and go over to Holland; there I believed I should
be at rest. So I took occasion one day to tell my spouse that I was
afraid he might take it ill that I had amused him thus long, and that at
last I doubted I was not with child, and that since it was so, our
things being packed up and all in order for going to Holland, I would go
away now when he pleased.

My spouse, who was perfectly easy whether in going or staying, left it
all entirely to me; so I considered of it and began to prepare again for
my voyage. But, alas! I was irresolute to the last degree; I was, for
want of Amy, destitute. I had lost my right hand; she was my steward,
gathered in my rents, I mean my interest money, and kept any accounts,
and, in a word, did all my business; and without her indeed I knew not
how to go away nor how to stay. But an accident thrust itself in here,
and that even in Amy's conduct too, which frighted me away, and without
her too, in the utmost horror and confusion.

I have related how my faithful friend the Quaker was come to me, and
what account she gave me of her being continually haunted by my
daughter, and that, as she said, she watched her very door night and
day. The truth was she had set a spy to watch so effectually that she
(the Quaker) neither went in nor out but she had notice of it.

This was too evident when, the next morning after she came to me (for I
kept her all night), to my unspeakable surprise I saw a hackney-coach
stop at the door where I lodged, and saw her (my daughter) in the coach
all alone. It was a very good chance in the middle of a bad one that my
husband had taken out the coach that very morning and was gone to
London; as for me, I had neither life nor soul left in me, I was so
confounded I knew not what to do or to say.

My happy visitor had more presence of mind than I, and asked me if I had
made no acquaintance among the neighbours. I told her, Yes, there was a
lady lodged two doors off, that I was very intimate with. "But hast thou
no way out backward to go to her?" says she. Now it happened there was a
back door in the garden, by which we usually went and came to and from
the house, so I told her of it. "Well, well," says she, "go out and make
a visit then, and leave the rest to me." Away I ran, told the lady (for
I was very free there) that I was a widow to-day, my spouse being gone
to London, so I came not to visit her but to dwell with her that day,
because also our landlady had got strangers come from London. So having
framed this orderly lie, I pulled some work out of my pocket, and added,
"I did not come to be idle."

As I went out one way, my friend the Quaker went the other to receive
this unwelcome guest. The girl made but little ceremony, but, having bid
the coachman ring at the gate, gets down out of the coach and comes to
the door, a country girl going to the door (belonging to the house), for
the Quaker forbade any of my maids going. Madam asked for my Quaker by
name, and the girl asked her to walk in.

Upon this, my Quaker, seeing there was no hanging back, goes to her
immediately, but put on all the gravity upon her countenance that she
was mistress of, and that was not a little indeed.

When she (the Quaker) came into the room (for they had shown my daughter
into a little parlour), she kept her grave countenance but said not a
word, nor did my daughter speak a good while. But after some time my
girl began and said, "I suppose you know me, madam?"

"Yes," said the Quaker, "I know thee"; and so the dialogue went on.

Girl. "Then you know my business too."

Quaker. "No, verily, I do not know any business thou canst have here
with me."

Girl. "Indeed, my business is not chiefly with you."

Quaker. "Why then dost thou come after me thus far?"

Girl. "You know who I seek." (And with that she cried.)

Quaker. "But why shouldst thou follow me for her, since thou knowest
that I assured thee more than once that I knew not where she was?"

Girl. "But I hoped you could."

Quaker. "Then thou must hope that I did not speak truth, which would be
very wicked."

Girl. "I doubt not but she is in this house."

Quaker. "If those be thy thoughts, thou may'st enquire in the house; so
thou hast no more business with me. Farewell." (Offers to go.)

Girl. "I would not be uncivil; I beg you to let me see her."

Quaker. "I am here to visit some of my friends, and I think thou art
very uncivil in following me hither."

Girl. "I came in hopes of a discovery in my great affair, which you know

Quaker. "Thou cam'st wildly indeed. I counsel thee to go back again and
be easy. I shall keep my word with thee that I would not meddle in it or
give thee any account, if I knew it, unless I had her orders."

Girl. "If you knew my distress, you could not be so cruel."

Quaker. "Thou hast told me all thy story, and I think it might be more
cruelty to tell thee than not to tell thee; for I understand she is
resolved not to see thee, and declares she is not thy mother. Willst
thou be owned where thou hast no relation?"

Girl. "Oh! if I could but speak to her, I would prove my relation to her
so that she could not deny it any longer."

Quaker. "Well, but thou canst not come to speak with her, it seems."

Girl. "I hope you will tell me if she is here; I had a good account that
you were come out to see her, and that she sent for you."

Quaker. "I much wonder how thou couldst have such an account; if I had
come out to see her, thou hast happened to miss the house, for I assure
thee she is not to be found in this house."

Here the girl importuned her again with the utmost earnestness, and
cried bitterly, insomuch that my poor Quaker was softened with it, and
began to persuade me to consider of it, and if it might consist with my
affairs to see her and hear what she had to say; but this was
afterwards. I return to the discourse.

The Quaker was perplexed with her a long time; she talked of sending
back the coach and lying in the town all night. This my friend knew
would be very uneasy to me, but she durst not speak a word against it;
but on a sudden thought she offered a bold stroke, which, though
dangerous if it happened wrong, had its desired effect.

She told her, that as for dismissing her coach, that was as she pleased;
she believed she would not easily get a lodging in the town, but that as
she was in a strange place, she would so much befriend her that she
would speak to the people of the house, that if they had a room she
might have a lodging there for one night, rather than be forced back to
London before she was free to go.

This was a cunning though a dangerous step, and it succeeded
accordingly, for it amused the creature entirely, and she presently
concluded that really I could not be there, then; otherwise she would
never have asked her to lie in the house. So she grew cold again
presently as to her lodging there, and said, No, since it was so, she
would go back that afternoon, but she would come again in two or three
days, and search that and all the towns round in an effectual manner, if
she stayed a week or two to do it; for, in short, if I was in England or
Holland, she would find me.

"In truth," says the Quaker, "thou wilt make me very hurtful to thee,
then." "Why so?" says she. "Because wherever I go thou wilt put thyself
to great expense, and the country to a great deal of unnecessary
trouble." "Not unnecessary," says she. "Yes, truly," says the Quaker,
"it must be unnecessary, because 'twill be to no purpose. I think I must
abide in my own house, to save thee that charge and trouble."

She said little to that, except that she said she would give her as
little trouble as possible, but she was afraid she should sometimes be
uneasy to her, which she hoped she would excuse. My Quaker told her she
would much rather excuse her if she would forbear; for that, if she
would believe her, she would assure her she should never get any
intelligence of me by her.

That set her into tears again; but after a while recovering herself, she
told her perhaps she might be mistaken, and she (the Quaker) should
watch herself very narrowly, or she might one time or other get some
intelligence from her whether she would or no; and she was satisfied she
had gained some of her by this journey, for that if I was not in the
house I was not far off, and if I did not remove very quickly she would
find me out. "Very well," says my Quaker, "then if the lady is not
willing to see thee, thou givest me notice to tell her that she may get
out of thy way."

She flew out in a rage at that, and told my friend that if she did, a
curse would follow her and her children after her, and denounced such
horrid things upon her as frighted the poor tender-hearted Quaker
strangely, and put her more out of temper than ever I saw her before; so
that she resolved to go home the next morning, and I, that was ten times
more uneasy than she, resolved to follow her and go to London too; which
however, upon second thoughts, I did not, but took effectual measures
not to be seen or owned if she came any more; but I heard no more of her
for some time.

Chapter  30

I stayed there about a fortnight, and in all that time I heard no more
of her or of my Quaker about her. But after about two days more I had a
letter from my Quaker, intimating that she had something of moment to
say that she could not communicate by a letter, but wished I would give
myself the trouble to come up; directing me to come with the coach into
Goodman's Fields and then walk to her back door on foot, which being
left open on purpose, the watchful lady, if she had any spies, could not
well see me.

My thoughts had for so long time been kept, as it were, waking, that
almost everything gave me the alarm, and this especially, so that I was
very uneasy; but I could not bring matters to bear to make my coming to
London so clear to my husband as I would have done, for he liked the
place and had a mind, he said, to stay a little longer, if it was not
against my inclination. So I wrote my friend the Quaker word that I
could not come to town yet, and that besides I could not think of being
there under spies and afraid to look out of doors; and so, in short, I
put off going for near a fortnight more.

At the end of that time she wrote again, in which she told me that she
had not lately seen the impertinent visitor which had been so
troublesome, but that she had seen my trusty agent Amy, who told her she
had cried for six weeks without intermission; that Amy had given her an
account how troublesome the creature had been, and to what straits and
perplexities I was driven by her hunting after and following me from
place to place. Upon which Amy had said, that notwithstanding I was
angry with her and had used her so hardly for saying something about her
of the same kind, yet there was an absolute necessity of securing her
and removing her out of the way; and that, in short, without asking my
leave or anybody's leave, she would take care she should trouble her
mistress (meaning me) no more, and that after Amy had said so, she had
indeed never heard any more of the girl; so that she supposed Amy had
managed it so well as to put an end to it.

The innocent well-meaning creature, my Quaker, who was all kindness and
goodness in herself, and particularly to me, saw nothing in this but she
thought Amy had found some way to persuade her to be quiet and easy and
to give over teasing and following me, and rejoiced in it for my sake;
as she thought nothing of any evil herself, so she suspected none in
anybody else, and was exceeding glad of having such good news to write
to me. But my thoughts of it ran otherwise.

I was struck as with a blast from Heaven at the reading her letter. I
fell into a fit of trembling from head to foot, and I ran raving about
the room like a mad-woman. I had nobody to speak a word to, to give vent
to my passion, nor did I speak a word for a good while, till after it
had almost overcome me. I threw myself on the bed and cried out, "Lord,
be merciful to me, she has murdered my child "; and with that a flood of
tears burst out, and I cried vehemently for above an hour.

My husband was very happily gone out a-hunting, so that I had every
opportunity of being alone, and to give my passions some vent, by which
I a little recovered myself. But after my crying was over, then I fell
in a new rage at Amy. I called her a thousand devils and monsters and
hard-hearted tigers; I reproached her with her knowing that I abhorred
it, and had let her know it sufficiently, in that I had, as it were,
kicked her out of doors, after so many years' friendship and service,
only for naming it to me.

Well, after some time my spouse came in from his sport, and I put on the
best looks I could to deceive him; but he did not take so little notice
of me as not to see I had been crying and that something troubled me,
and he pressed me to tell him. I seemed to bring it out with reluctance,
but told him my backwardness was more because I was ashamed that such a
trifle should have any effect upon me, than for any weight that was in
it. So I told him I had been vexing myself about my woman Amy not coming
again, that she might have known me better than not to believe I should
have been friends with her again, and the like; and that, in short, I
had lost the best servant by my rashness that ever woman had.

"Well, well," says he, "if that be all your grief, I hope you will soon
shake it off; I'll warrant you in a little while we shall hear of Mrs.
Amy again "; and so it went off for that time. But it did not go off
with me, for I was uneasy and terrified to the last degree, and wanted
to get some further account of the thing. So I went away to my sure and
certain comforter the Quaker, and there I had the whole story of it; and
the good innocent Quaker gave me joy of my being rid of such an
unsufferable tormentor.

"Rid of her! Ay," says I, "if I was rid of her fairly and honourably;
but I don't know what Amy may have done; sure she hasn't made her away?"
"Oh, fie!" says my Quaker, "how canst thou entertain such a notion? No,
no, made her away! Amy didn't talk like that; I dare say thou may'st be
easy in that, Amy has nothing of that in her head, I dare say," says
she; and so threw it, as it were, out of my thoughts.

But it would not do; it ran in my head continually, night and day I
could think of nothing else; and it fixed such a horror of the fact upon
my spirits, and such a detestation of Amy, who I looked upon as the
murderer, that, as for her, I believe if I could have seen her, I should
certainly have sent her to Newgate, or to a worse place, upon suspicion;
indeed I think I could have killed her with my own hands.

As for the poor girl herself, she was ever before my eyes. I saw her by
night and by day; she haunted my imagination, if she did not haunt the
house; my fancy showed her me in a hundred shapes and postures; sleeping
or waking, she was with me. Sometimes I thought I saw her with her
throat cut, sometimes with her head cut and her brains knocked out,
other times hanged up upon a beam, another time drowned in the great
pond at Camberwell. And all these appearances were terrifying to the
last degree; and that which was still worse, I could really hear nothing
of her. I sent to the captain's wife in Redriff, and she answered me she
was gone to her relations in Spitalfields. I sent thither, and they said
she was there about three weeks ago, but that she went out in a coach
with the gentlewoman that used to be so kind to her, but whither she was
gone they knew not, for she had not been there since. I sent back the
messenger for a description of the woman she went out with, and they
described her so perfectly that I knew it to be Amy, and none but Amy.

I sent word again that Mrs. Amy, who she went out with, left her in two
or three hours, and that they should search for her, for I had reason to
fear she was murdered. This frighted them all intolerably. They believed
Amy had carried her to pay her a sum of money, and that somebody had
watched her after her having received it, and had robbed and murdered

I believed nothing of that part; but I believed as it was, that whatever
was done, Amy had done it, and that, in short, Amy had made her away;
and I believed it the more because Amy came no more near me, but
confirmed her guilt by her absence.

Upon the whole, I mourned thus for her for above a month, but finding
Amy still come not near me, and that I must put my affairs in a posture
that I might go to Holland, I opened all my affairs to my dear trusty
friend the Quaker, and placed her, in matters of trust, in the room of
Amy, and with a heavy, bleeding heart for my poor girl, I embarked with
my spouse, and all our equipage and goods, on board another Holland
trader, not a packet-boat, and went over to Holland, where I arrived as
I have said.

I must put in a caution, however, here, that you must not understand me
as if I let my friend the Quaker into any part of the secret history of
my former life; nor did I commit the grand reserved article of all to
her, viz. that I was really the girl's mother, and the Lady Roxana.
There was no need of that part being exposed, and it was always a maxim
with me that secrets should never be opened without evident utility. It
could be of no manner of use to me or her to communicate that part to
her; besides, she was too honest herself, to make it safe to me. For
though she loved me very sincerely, and it was plain by many
circumstances that she did so, yet she would not lie for me upon
occasion, as Amy would, and therefore it was not advisable on any terms
to communicate that part; for if the girl, or anyone else, should have
come to her afterwards and put it home to her, whether she knew that I
was the girl's mother or not, or was the same as the Lady Roxana or not,
she either would not have denied it or would have done it with so ill a
grace, such blushing, such hesitations, and falterings in her answers,
as would have put the matter out of doubt, and betrayed herself and the
secret too.

For this reason, I say, I did not discover anything of that kind to her;
but I placed her, as I have said, in Amy's stead, in the other affairs
of receiving money, interests, rents, and the like, and she was as
faithful as Amy could be, and as diligent.

But there fell out a great difficulty here which I knew not how to get
over, and this was, how to convey the usual supply or provision and
money to the uncle and the other sister, who depended, especially the
sister, upon the said supply for her support; and indeed, though Amy had
said rashly that she would not take any more notice of the sister, and
would leave her to perish, as above, yet it was neither in my nature nor
Amy's either, much less was it in my design, and therefore I resolved to
leave the management of what I had reserved for that work with my
faithful Quaker, but how to direct her to manage them was the great

Amy had told them in so many words that she was not their mother, but
that she was the maid Amy that carried them to their aunt's; that she
and their mother went over to the East Indies to seek their fortune, and
that there good things had befallen them, and that their mother was very
rich and happy; that she (Amy) had married in the Indies, but being now
a widow, and resolving to come over to England, their mother had obliged
her to enquire them out and do for them as she had done, and that now
she was resolved to go back to the Indies again; but that she had orders
from their mother to do very handsomely by them, and, in a word, told
them she had 2,000 apiece for them upon condition that they proved
sober, and married suitably to themselves, and did not throw themselves
away upon scoundrels.

The good family in whose care they had been, I had resolved to take more
than ordinary notice of; and Amy, by my order, had acquainted them with
it and obliged my daughters to promise to submit to their government as
formerly, and to be ruled by the honest man as by a father and
counsellor, and engaged him to treat them as his children; and to oblige
him effectually to take care of them, and to make his old age
comfortable both to him and his wife, who had been so good to the
orphans, I had ordered her to settle the other 2,000, that is to say,
the interest of it, which was 120 a year, upon them, to be theirs for
both their lives, but to come to my two daughters after them. This was
so just, and was so prudently managed by Amy, that nothing she ever did
for me pleased me better. And in this posture, leaving my two daughters
with their ancient friend, and so coming away to me (as they thought to
the East Indies) she had prepared everything in order to her going over
with me to Holland; and in this posture that matter stood when that
unhappy girl whom I have said so much of broke in upon all our measures,
as you have heard; and by an obstinacy never to be conquered or
pacified, either with threats or persuasions, pursued her search after
me (her mother) as I have said, till she brought me even to the brink of
destruction, and would in all probability have traced me out at last, if
Amy had not by the violence of her passion, and by a way which I had no
knowledge of, and indeed abhorred, put a stop to her, of which I cannot
enter into the particulars here.

However, notwithstanding this, I could not think of going away and
leaving this work so unfinished as Amy had threatened to do, and for the
folly of one child, to leave the other to starve, or to stop my
determined bounty to the good family I have mentioned. So, in a word, I
committed the finishing it all to my faithful friend the Quaker, to whom
I communicated as much of the old story as was needful to empower her to
perform what Amy had promised, and to make her talk so much to the
purpose, as one employed more remotely than Amy had been, needed to do.

To this purpose she had first of all a full possession of the money, and
went first to the honest man and his wife and settled all the matter
with them. When she talked of Mrs. Amy she talked of her as one that had
been empowered by the mother of the girls in the Indies, but was obliged
to go back to the Indies, and had settled all sooner if she had not been
hindered by the obstinate humour of the other daughter; that she had
left instructions with her for the rest, but that the other had
affronted her so much that she was gone away without doing anything for
her; and that now, if anything was done, it must be by fresh orders from
the East Indies.

I need not say how punctually my new agent acted; but which was more,
she brought the old man and his wife, and my other daughter, several
times to her house, by which I had an opportunity, being there only as a
lodger and a stranger, to see my other girl, which I had never done
before since she was a little child.

The day I contrived to see them I was dressed up in a Quaker's habit,
and looked so like a Quaker that it was impossible for them, who had
never seen me before, to suppose I had ever been anything else; also my
way of talking was suitable enough to it, for I had learned that long

I have not time here to take notice what a surprise it was to me to see
my child; how it worked upon my affections; with what infinite struggle
I mastered a strong inclination that I had to discover myself to her;
how the girl was the very counterpart of myself, only much handsomer,
and how sweetly and modestly she behaved; how on that occasion I
resolved to do more for her than I had appointed by Amy, and the like.

'Tis enough to mention here that as the settling this affair made way
for my going on board, notwithstanding the absence of my old agent Amy,
so however I left some hints for Amy too, for I did not yet despair of
my hearing from her; and that if my good Quaker should ever see her
again, she should let her see them; wherein particularly ordering her to
leave the affair of Spitalfields just as I had done, in the hands of my
friend, she should come away to me, upon this condition nevertheless,
that she gave full satisfaction to my friend the Quaker that she had not
murdered my child; for if she had, I told her, I would never see her
face more; how, notwithstanding this, she came over afterwards without
giving my friend any of that satisfaction or any account that she
intended to come over.

I can say no more now, but that, as above, being arrived in Holland with
my spouse and his son, formerly mentioned, I appeared there with all the
splendour and equipage suitable to our new prospect, as I have already

Here, after some few years of flourishing and outwardly happy
circumstances, I fell into a dreadful course of calamities, and Amy
also; the very reverse of our former good days. The blast of Heaven
seemed to follow the injury done the poor girl by us both, and I was
brought so low again that my repentance seemed to be only the
consequence of my misery, as my misery was of my crime.


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