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Title: Tales of the Early Days
Author: Price Warung
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Language: English
Date first posted: September 2006
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Tales of the Early Days
Price Warung


Captain Maconochie's "Bounty For Crime"
Secret Society of the Ring
  I. The Convening of the Ring
  II. The Session of Denunciation
  III. The Conclave of Doom
  IV. The Falling of the Doom
In The Granary
Parson Ford's Confessional
The Heart-Breaking of Anstey's Bess
The Amour of Constable Crake
The Pegging-Out of Overseer Franke
  I. The Preliminaries
  II. The Completion of the Deed
At Burford's Panorama


Chapter I.

THE most remarkable experiment, all things considered, ever made
with the noble purpose of reforming criminals was Captain Maconochie's
attempt to adapt his "mark" system to the monstrous conditions of
penal life at Norfolk Island. And being in principle humane, and in
method an arraignment of all notions current in British and Colonial
officialdom, it met with precisely that degree of success which was
prophesied for it by Mr.--not then "Sir"--E. Deas-Thomson, Colonial
Secretary of New South Wales.

"Speaking, your Excellency," said that venerable if somewhat
pragmatical gentleman to Governor Sir George Gipps, "from a lengthened
experience of--h'm!--convict disciplinary methods, I have--ah!--no
hope that Captain Maconochie's system will achieve the least good. It
must fail, sir!"

And fail it did. To the undisguised delight of the Colonial
Secretary's Office, Sydney, and the Deputy Commissariat-General's
Departments of Sydney and Norfolk Island, it failed. You see, the
first maxim of the Captain was the reformation of the criminal, while
almost every other person connected with the System, from Lord John
Russell to the meanest scourger on the Island or at Port Arthur,
thought the criminal was a mere thing to be locked up, and fettered,
and flogged into purity of life and integrity of conduct.

Now, Maconochie's success would have meant the System's
condemnation. And his failure meant that the System was right and its
administrators were wise. Therefore the failure was only to be
expected. Men do not care about being proved wrong, even if it could
be shown that a few dozen souls were saved in the process of

For instance, Mr. Assistant-Deputy-Commissary-General Shanks would
have had to confess himself egregiously in error had Convict Tobias
Tracey, pership John, third trip, kept continuously on the path of
rectitude which Captain Maconochie marked out for him. And that was
not to be thought of. Convict Tracey had to fall once more in the
slough of illdoing in order to prove A. D. C. G. Shanks right.

To enable you to understand how terrible was that fall we must
measure the height which he had attained. Step by step, climbing
upwards, now taking firm foothold on a dead sin, now clutching such
aid as came from the opportunity to do a kindly service to a brother-
felon; again slipping back into the pit of corruption because a
messmate jeered at him; yet again striving against the tremendous
alliance of the forces of evil, till he gained a new standing-place on
the up-track--this was the history of Tracey during 1840, and the
early part of 1841. In the later part of '41 he fell--thanks to A. D.
C. G. Shanks--irretrievably. In the early months of '41, he had first
come under the notice of the Captain-Superintendent, and had begun to
aspire towards a manlier existence. During the interval between those
first tentative strugglings to mount, and that last dreadful fall, his
life was epic in its storms and its battles, its victories and its

Chapter II.

Look at his record.

His original conviction was on the 8th September, 1831, at a London
gaol delivery. His crime was burglary, and his sentence,
transportation for life.

His sojourn in the hulk obtained for him the distinction of "a bad
report," and the voyage out to Sydney gave him still higher rank in
the aristocracy of vice. "He was doomed," the Surgeon-Superintendent
of the John (third trip) told him one day in mid-ocean, "to become a
Black Norfolker as sure as Fate."

And Fate is unerring, as every one knows. Two years after landing in
Sydney, he was sentenced by the Supreme Court for highway robbery and
housebreaking. Once more his time was life, with the added distinction
of irons--irons always--sleeping, waking, at work and at his meals--
irons to be knocked off only if he mounted the scaffold, or on freedom
coming to him otherway--say, through some kindly shot or kindlier
blow. Freedom by process of servitude would never come to him. He was
destined by Nature as a Retrograde.

Chaplain Taylor spoke of his "Retrogrades" to Governor Gipps.

"Your 'Retrogrades'? What are they?"

"Men who are further away from freedom each succeeding day they are
on the Island--who are never nearer freedom than when they set foot

"But, Mr. Taylor, in the nature of the case such characters must be
few?" rejoined his Excellency.

"Few, your Excellency? Sixty out of each hundred!"

Now, at the precise moment the Superintendent's clerk at the Island
gave a receipt to the master of the Governor Phillip, from Sydney, for
the body of Tobias Tracey, No. 33149, per John (3), that hardened
villain might have expected release in twenty-five years, if the devil
and the System would only allow him to keep his hands from picking and
stealing, and breaking-in stores and warders' heads. Being
predestined, however, to the ranks of the Retrogrades, within twenty-
four hours of his arrival he was no nearer than thirty years to his
freedom. He had knocked a gaol-turnkey down.

        *   *   *   *   *

In 1835 his "police history" was extended by five offences of the
serious order. "Light offences" were invariably at this period, and
till the arrival of Maconochie, sentenced "on view." "On view"
punishments--that is, without trial--are supposed to have numbered,
during 1833-4-5-6-7-8, between 8000 and 9000. They were never
recorded; formal trials only were recorded; and these last during the
years specified totalled 2483, and the awful mutiny year calendar was
embraced in this sum. Of these trials Tracey was responsible, in 1835,
for five.

In 1836 he was credited with four. The circumstance that he was
ironed in gaol for the major part of this year accounted for the
diminution of 20 per cent. in the number of his heavy offences. When a
felon was double--ironed in a 6 x 4 cell, when his right hand was
manacled to a staple in the wall, when he saw a human face four times
daily for ten seconds each time, it cannot be said that his
opportunities for outraging the peace of the realm were numerous.
Still, he enlarged his record by four entries.

In 1837 they varied his gaol privileges by flogging him, and the
scourging-ground was the best place possible for adorning a man's
record. He had only to swear at the superintending officer to be
credited with another crime; and if, also, he struck the honourable
scourger with his fist or head, or bestowed upon that official a
sadly-needed kick, well, there was a second offence on the same day.
Consequently, Mr. Tracey, who was in gaol from January to 7th March,
was in gaol again from 3rd April "till further orders." In June and
July he was in gaol, but in September he must have been out of gaol,
for he absconded. He was arrested three-quarters of an hour afterwards
at the gate of the Superintendent's quarters--said he had never been
out of the gaol precincts--nevertheless, was presented with 300 lashes
in one dose. And from 14th October onwards to the end of the year he
was in gaol again, his record for the year being seven crimes.

In 1838 a variation in policy took place once more. He added no more
than five offences to his history, but one of these earned him 100
lashes, and another four months in the sweet seclusion of his iron-
cells--and the others? Each won for him a long term of "solitary."

The second Earl of Limerick, then plain Mr. Pery, and a humble
"Superintendent of Agriculture" on the Island, spent a brief space in
one of the same solitary cells. He stayed till it was a question of
his going mad, or going out. He went out, and found that he had been
secluded 17 minutes! Tracey had three terms--14, 14, and 20. Minutes?

Chapter III.

As for Tracey's 1839 record, here it is as full as the books give it.
There are no "sentences on view" included, and he must have had his
full share of them. You will not fail to notice the dreadfully heinous
character of the recorded crimes.



Jan. 8.  Loitering on the road to and from his work. To sleep in gaol one night.

Feb. 13. Going to the hospital twice this day under false pretences,
and incorrigible. To gaol until further orders.

13. March   Absent without leave and present at a fight. To sleep in
gaol one night.

18. March   Assaulting and striking a fellow-prisoner. Handcuffs all day.

22. March   Refusing to join his gang when ordered by overseer. Two
days in gaol.

23. March   Going to hospital without sufficient cause. One month in gaol.

25. April   Attending hospital on false pretences. 25 lashes.

10. April   Attending hospital and subsequently refusing to work.
Gaol, on bread and water, 13. till he goes to work.

May 4. Refusing to work. 14 days' gaol, bread and water.

May 21. Neglect of work. Reprimanded conditionally. May 27. Absconding
with three others, breaking open and entering the dwelling of Coxswain
Segsworth, putting the inmates in fear, and resisting and wounding
several constables and others to apprehend him. 300 lashes.

June 10. Refusing to work. 50 lashes and bread and water till he goes
to work.

June 14. Refusing to work. Gaol, on bread and water, as before stated.

June 26. Refusing to work. To receive only half ration of animal food.

Aug. 8. Refusing to work. 50 lashes and bread and water till he goes
to work.


Sept. 4. Going to hospital on false pretences. 25 lashes and bread and
water till he goes to work.

Oct. 9. Refusing to work. Reprimanded conditionally.

Nov. 9. Making noise in gaol. Three days' solitary confinement on
bread and water.

Nov. 29. Refusing to go to work, stating he was not able. Bread and
water till he is able.

At the end of 1839, with a double-life conviction over him, Tobias
was exactly 53 years distant from freedom. But in February of the
succeeding year Captain Maconochie arrived, and, to the amazement of
the well--informed officers of the System as before established,
almost immediately chose that prime rascal by the John (3) for special
experiment. As soon as the new Super. was possessed of Tobias Tracey's
police record, he ordered the man's irons to be struck off. Now, Major
Bunbury, the previous commandant, had never dared approach Tobias
except under the escort of two soldiers.

But the amazement of the staff was nothing to the surprise of the
notorious fellow himself.

"Lord! what a fool the new 'un is if he thinks as he's got a softy to
deal wi'." Thus he laughed with a coarse mockery, as he passed into
the Super.'s presence.

The Superintendent's tall and erect form filled the doorway of the
Grass Hut where he was holding a preliminary inspection. In a few
weeks he would turn the hut into a school and a Catholic chapel, but
at present he proposed to use it as a court-house. "Why?" The old
officials asked the question--and cackled hilariously when they
received the answer. So that prisoners for trial, who might have been
in the local court before, might not be unpleasantly reminded of their
past misdeeds! "I want to start every man with a clean sheet as far as
possible." Laugh! Of course they laughed.

The Overseer in temporary charge of Convict Tracey saluted, and
presented that ruffian. "Transport Tracey, Tobias. No. 33149, y'r
Honour--bad k'racter--3 B's,1 sir--suspected--"

"Of unnatural crimes--one murder--three burglaries--an' a heap
t'other things, Super.--same ol' list," concluded the convict himself.
"One o' th' worst men on th' Island, y'r Honour, now they've turned
orf Westwood. There ain't a---crime on the list, Super., that I ain't
committed, 'cept those I'm goin' to commit. An' now yer know all, ol'
cove! Give us my five hunderd quick an' 'a done wi' it. Look slippy
now, Ol' King-o'-th'-lags!"

Accustomed as the penal officials comprising Captain Maconochie's
little suite were to outbursts of reckless speech from the more
hardened "old hands,"1 they scarcely expected Tracey to uncoil himself
in this fashion, and they gazed curiously at Maconochie to note the
effect of the speech upon him.

Two--three minutes elapsed before the Superintendent spoke. Tracey
himself had expected an instant order for his removal to the
triangles, and stood doggedly waiting for the command--which did not

All they saw was that Maconochie drew his handkerchief from his
tail--pocket and blew his nose. Then--

"Let it be understood, Overseer--are you Overseer or Warder?"

"Overseer, sir--of the gaol-gang--Tuff, sir."

"Very well, Overseer Tuff--let it be understood, if you please, that
you are never to report a man's police-history till it is asked for by
me directly."

"Yes, sir!" answered the sub-official, with a sullen respectfulness.
"But 'twas the Majors reg'lashun, sir, wi' all transports, 'specially
desp'rate ones!"

"Ho, ho! I be a desp'rate one, be I, Mr. Tuff?" grinned the
transport. "Well, I know I be--an' 'ere's to keep up th' k'racter."
With a mighty cuff he struck Tuff to the ground. "There, Super.
Macwot's-yer-name, give me my five hunderd lashes, an' 'a done wi' it,
as I said afore!"

The ex-private secretary to noble Sir John Franklin answered the
appeal. He stepped into the schoolroom, and called to the transport to
follow him. Some of the officials who had looked on the incident just
described would have entered likewise, but the Captain quietly waved
them back.

"I would prefer to be alone with this poor fellow, gentlemen. Excuse
me for a few minutes," he said.

"But, sir--the danger!" remonstrated A. D. C. G. Shanks.

The Captain smiled--not as, a few years later, John Price was wont to
smile, with a lofty affectation of indifference to any possible danger
that could threaten him--but pleasantly, as though he held an amulet
bestowed by some good genius against evil.

Captain Maconochie might be a "crank"; but, certainly, he was no

Chapter IV.

As he walked in, Tracey had, obeying the mechanical instinct which,
in spite of himself, the System had implanted in his nature, took his
cap off. Then he recalled the act. He was not going to submit as "a
softy" to the new Super. Not he. He replaced the cap defiantly as he
faced the Captain. However, the Superintendent gave no indication that
he was aware of the insult. Bunbury would have chained Tracey down for
the same deed.

"My man!" said Maconochie, "I wish to have a talk with you!"

"I don't want to talk to yer! Come on an' flog me--or p'r'aps ye'd
like to do th' nubbling cheat1 trick at once? Better now than later.
I'm boun' to come to it!" responded the callous wretch.

"Look, sir--" Maconochie paused. Till harassed by the incessant
opposition of the old-time officials, Maconochie measured almost every
word he uttered in a transport's presence. "Constant dropping of water
wears away a stone. The habitual use of forms of respect to any--even
the most hardened--prisoner will insensibly, by wearing away the
indurated surface, give his better nature room for play." That was
what he used to say.

"Look, sir--"

"What!" Lifer Tracey could not believe his ears. "Sir! Wot a joke! Me
with an 'incorrigible' record--sir!"

"Look, sir--" Maconochie began again.

"None o' that foolin'. Yer not a-goin' to make a softy o' me, I tell
yer!" Tracey raised his hand threateningly, as though in defence of
that precious possession, his reputation for eminence in evil. "I
be'n't no parson's or Super.'s pet!"

"I am sure of it," rejoined the Captain. "But you are a man, and not
a devil--I am sure of that as well!"

A second of wits-gathering silence. Then--

"No, I be'n't no man--a devil I am, or th'---Systum hasn't done its
work!" He laughed, with the reckless, sardonic laughter of the

"No, you are a man, and no devil! And because you are a man, obey one
of the first instincts of manhood, and that is to behave with respect
to your just and legal superiors."

"Just--legal!" Again the laugh--and then a storm of mad, tumultuous
speech. "Just is them wot justice do--legal is as legal act! Be'n't
truth 'bove all things? Can a man be a man if he's a liar? Be'n't a
liar allus a coward? An' no coward's a man? An' 'udn't I lie ef I paid
respec' w'ere respec' be'n't doo? An' is respec' doo to unybody unner
th' Systum, for wot cove is there unner th' Systum as acts justly, as
acts legally? Answer me that, Ol' King--o'-th'-lags!"

"Poor man, poor man!" exclaimed Maconochie, and, pacing forward, he
held out his hand. Tracey struck it aside passionately.

"Yer've left me nothin' but--oh, nothin', nothin' but hate--an' now
yer give me your pity. To the devil who made yer an' th' Systum!" He
leapt tigerishly on the Superintendent--and was felled by a blow.
There was nothing effeminate about Maconochie's muscles or his nerves,
if there was just a suspicion of that quality attached to his
judgment. No. 33-149 went down, and for a minute stayed down, dazed.

No word was spoken till Tracey, with eyeballs glaring redly instead
of whitely, drew himself up to a sitting posture.

"Didn't I--say as the nubblin' cheat 'ud end it soon? By th' Lord,
sir, I thank yer!"

Maconochie had faced a mutiny from a quarter-deck; had, as a lad,
confronted, with only a toy-dirk in hand, a howling circle of barbaric
mountain tribesmen thirsty for his blood; and yet, he was wont to say,
never did human look appal him as that transport's glare of--

"It's death--this--you know, my man?"

"Death--'tis--an' welcome!" It was a hyena shriek made articulate.

"My friend, let me help you up!" Again Captain Maconochie stretched
forth his hand.

Tracey looked up. "D'yer mean it?" The softening of the words passed
in the next instant from his face and tone. "Mean it!" he continued,
"o' course yer mean it! Be'n't it yer dooty to 'and me to th'

Maconochie pressed down his hand--lower--lower still--till it touched
Tracey's shoulder.

"Tracey!" he whispered, "Tracey! it is my duty to save you from--the
gallows. That is why I am here. Tracey--let us be friends!"

No. 33-149--his agony wried his mouth as he spoke--simply repeated
"Friends!" and then bent his head upon his scarred hands. The upheaval
of his universe had come, for, from the vortex of hell had sprung a
voice--an official voice--that had uttered a kindly word. Kind words
he had sometimes had before, but they were from clergymen; and the
gospellers were bound to say something kind sometimes to earn their

While a man might draw twenty breaths he sat so, challenging his
consciousness whether or no his world was altered. And then, from the
core of the beast-nature with which the System had superseded that
granted unto him by his Creator--John Price said once "there were
doubts as to the Creator, but there were none as to the System"--he
spumed once more a torrent of volcanic hatred and suspicion.

"It's all a--trap; yer think I be a double softy to be taken in so?
Yer playin' the forgivin' to get time to call the guards, 'cos yer
afraid I was a--goin' to kill yer! Oh, yer devil!"

He stood with parching lips and clenched hands, and the knots bulged
on his temples as when a gymnast braces himself for a feat that will
cause the heavens to resound either with Homeric plaudits or with his
death-scream. Had he sprung, the help of soldier-guard would have come
too late for the Super. But--

"Stay!" cried Maconochie. "What proof do you demand that I am not the
monster you fancy me? How can I show you my truth--that I mean to be
as true a friend to every man here who will allow me as I can with
God's help be--how can I do this?"

The appeal held Tracey in spite of himself. Scarcely knowing what he
did, he gazed through the one window-space (unglazed) of the hut.
Crossing the parade-ground leisurely were a lady and a maid-servant. A
soldier followed them ten paces away. He pointed to them, and cried,

"Is that your wife?"

Maconochie's look followed the pointing-finger. "Yes!" he replied.

"Then, I'll believe yer if--you--trust--her--your wife, I mean--in
this room alone wi' me for five minutes by your watch."

The Superintendent's face grew haggard in the tremendousness of the
ordeal. But his soul answered to the test.

He went out--and said a few words to his wife. She went into the
room, all unknowing, but believing utterly in her husband's wisdom.

Chapter V.

Maconochie lost, in the next moment, his composure. He thrust his
watch into the hand of the soldier escorting the lady, and in the same
action seized the man's musket.

"In four minutes--four minutes and a half--call 'Time!'" he
exclaimed, while he himself cocked the musket--and waited. So strained
was his hearing to catch any sound from the room, that though but five
yards distant from the group of officers, he did not hear Mr.
Commissary Shanks say--

"Well--I'm damned! Maconochie's just offering a bounty for crime!"

       *   *   *   *   *

He did not hear that, or indeed aught else, till the soldier cried,
"Time!" loudly. Then he started forward, but the appearance of his
wife on the step momentarily arrested his rush. With the musket still
in his hand, he ran to meet her. She motioned with her head. Through
the doorway he saw--and heard--Tracey. The transport lay huddled, his
head on the floor, his arms outstretched in the abandon of despair--
or, remorse. And he was sobbing tearless sobs.

       *   *   *   *   *

Not all at once did Tracey, after that supreme instance of trust,
come back to the path of well-doing. His fight, however, against his
past was strenuous.

It was in February that Captain Maconochie trusted him. And till the
23rd October of the year following, he kept almost a clear record.
"View" sentences had ceased entirely, and to the extreme disgust of
the gentlemen possessing a more extensive acquaintance with the System
than Captain Maconochie, Mr. Tobias Tracey declined to preserve by
frequent attendances at court his average of "offences needing formal

Mr. D. A. C. G. Shanks, on 23rd October, applied to the
Superintendent for a trusty man to handle some stores.

And Mr. D. A. C. G. Shanks, being in an unbending, not to say affable
mood, condescended to pass a pleasant word with the trusty man
commissioned by the Super. to wait upon his Commissaryship.

"You're Tracey?"

"Yes, sir!" with a salute.

Mr. Shanks laughed. "You're the man the Super. trusted the day after
he took charge--trusted his wife with?"

There was a conscious pride in Tracey's voice as he replied, "He did,

"Why, you donkey, he held a cocked musket in his hands all the time!
Fine lot of trust in that, wasn't there?"

Convict Tracey was stunned. "Are yer a-speakin' o' th' truth, sir?"

With a brutal oath, Mr. Deputy-Assistant-Commissary-General Shanks
affirmed he was.

         *   *   *    *   *

That same evening Tracey broke into Mrs. Whologhan's store with a
crowbar. 1 For the purposes of these stories the epoch of the "Early
Days" is presumed to end with the cessation of transportation to
Western Australia.  1 "Three B's"--Trebly bad record.  1 "Old hand"--
At Norfolk Island this term had a different application to that given
to it on the Continent in later days. It signified a "doubly-
convicted" convict--a prisoner with both a British and a Colonial
sentence.  1 "The Nubbling Cheat Trick"--Hang.


I.--The Convening Of The Ring.

Chapter I.

CAPTAIN MACONOCHIE, who, with Major Anderson, supplied the non-
demoniac element in the reigns of Norfolk Island Commandants, in
pursuance of his theory that the convict should be encouraged to hope
not alone for an alleviation of his physical condition, but also for
"a new moral nature," hit upon an expedient for developing, even in
hardened souls, those softening and refining tendencies which flow
from a heart-felt solicitude for the welfare of others. By detaching
transports into groups, or "sub-gangs," of three or five members, and
holding each man of the three or five responsible for the good
behaviour of his comrades, an irresistible appeal was at once made to
the curiously-confused notions that swayed the average convict mind.
An argument which had regard only to their own comfort or freedom from
punishment would, in the case of nine out of ten "old hands"--the
doubly-convicted convicts transported from the mainland or Van
Diemen's Land--be welcomed by an oath or a ribald jest. When
callousness in infamy was deemed to be an honour--when irons were
thought the insignia of chivalry--and "connoisseurs in murder" felt it
a privilege to take the hand of a "locked-boot" victim--it was an
insult to suggest an immunity from penalties as a reason for right
action. Take another course, however, and appeal to the sense of
fraternity, which seldom died out even in the "best" men, and that
caution in conduct and that eternal obedience to the regulations which
a "good" man would never think of exerting in his own interests, would
be at once exercised for the benefit of his group-mates. Most of
Maconochie's attempts at penal reform sprang from his heart, and were
seldom based on a hard, logical apprehension of facts as they were.
But, in respect to his grouping system, his heart and his head acted
together. His judgment and his experience of the "old hands" taught
him that it was literally and absolutely a point of honour with them
never to procure punishment for another transport who manifested
"spunk." And his heart showed him how to take advantage of this
characteristic. What "old hands" would not do for themselves they
should do for others. They should respect regulations and official
practices, because violation of them would cause the infliction of
punishment upon their colleagues of the group.

Between the principal settlement (which was supposed to change its
name according to the sex of the reigning sovereign, and, therefore,
should have been called Queenstown in the present reign, but which,
notwithstanding, was more often spoken of as Kings-town than
Queenstown) and the outlying barracks at Longridge, the Commandant
laid out, in March and April, 184--, a number of farms of six to ten
acres each. On each farm a hut or cottage was erected, and a company
of from three to five men was assigned to each hut and farm. For the
first year, no rental was demanded by the Commandant. For succeeding
years each group of tenants had to contribute a rental of twelve
bushels of maize for each cleared acre, this quota being estimated to
equal one-third of the average crop per acre raised by labour under
direct taxation. And every group was constituted a "mutual
responsibility" sub-gang. That is to say, for the misdeeds of any one
member of a group, the other members would suffer.

The group tenanting the hut on Section 5 B was constituted by some
"old hands" whose records were of the very "best."1 Tested by the
official standards of the elder System, they would have been welcomed
by Lucifer with a "Hail, fellows, well met!" And thereupon the soft-
hearted Commandant resolved they should have a chance to reform. Very
much to the amusement of the Commissariat and other officials did he
announce this determination.

The sub-gangers were five in number. Osborne, of whom we dare say no
more than that it was a daily wonder to his comrades how he escaped
hanging; Peake, a small-skulled, thirty-year-old lump of a physical
deformity that rivalled his moral nature; a gentlemanly ex-forger who
was popularly known as "Barrington" from the circumstance that he knew
off by heart the account of that immortal scoundrel's career; a
"Swinger"2--Felix--less sullen than brutish in feature, and of
gigantic physical strength; and Reynell, a former soldier of the
"Fighting Half-Hundred," who had been transported to Norfolk Island by
a V.D.L. military court for desertion to Maori-land in a whaler.

A tall, strapping fellow, who carried himself with military
erectness, was Reynell, and it was his boast that his parchment record
was as long as himself. Of course, the assertion was a slight
exaggeration, but Reynell was given to little whimsicalities. A devil
when roused, he was, as a rule, a merry soul, who was pleasantly
cynical. He entered into crime with the same zest as into a battle-
square. "It was but putting the bayonet into the law instead of the
enemy," he said to Mr. Pery, Superintendent of Agriculture, one day
when Pery asked him why he would persist in setting the authorities at
defiance. "I have to let the devil out of me somehow, sir, and as her
gracious Majesty--God bless her!--won't employ me against her enemies,
I have to make enemies of my own. And the law's a grand enemy to
fight, sir! It'll take such a lot of beating!"

Against a criminal of this temper the Law had used everything in its
dread armoury, except "the spread-eagle," the gallows, and--a kind
word and good faith. These last two instruments of unusual punishment
Captain Maconochie now determined to supply. He appointed Reynell
leader of 5 B sub-gang at a Sunday morning "after chapel" muster at
the Iron Room.

"Henry Reynell, per Coquette, colonial transport," called the

"Reynell, how do you come to be included among 'old hands' when
you're a 'colonial'?" questioned the Commandant, with his pleasant
resonance of voice, as soon as the man had replied with his "Here!"

"The honourable Court gave me fourteen years, y'r Honour, and as I
didn't think it enough I got 'em to make it life." There was a ripple
of laughter in the ranks.

"How?" asked the Captain, who took no notice of the demonstration.

"I struck the corporal of the Court guard--and so the honourable
Court gave me what I wanted."

"Not the same Court? It could not act at once and without being
formally convened by the Colonel-Commanding?"

"As to that, sir, I can't say. All I know is that same Court
convicted me--and I came here with a double sentence. Therefore, Major
Ryan thought me entitled, sir, to all the emoluments, rights, and
privileges of an old hand. I've been in irons all the time I've been

"Will you take a word of advice from me, Reynell?" said the

"Will--I--what, y'r Honour?" asked Reynell, with a choking breath in
his voice that might have been amusement, or might have been sheer
amazement at the autocrat of a penal settlement assuming so
extraordinary a tone.

"Take my advice, my good fellow, just to drop that sneering manner of
speech." There was a genuine kindness in the words. Reynell drew
himself up to his full height and clenched his fist. Those who stood
by thought he was about to transform recklessness of tongue into
madness of action. The line between a murderer and a hero is often but
a hair's-breadth, and this man, who might easily become a hero, might
as easily pass the line.

However, other answer than this he did not make. He flung out his
closed hand and said--"So easy to preach, y'r Honour! With the iron in
the soul, and the cat on the back, and the bayonet-point in the body,
what wonder the sneer's on the lip? So easy for you gentlemen to deal
with heartless numbers. You say, Numbers 37189--that's me--and
39204--that's Felix--don't feel. God above--don't we! And what weapon
ha' we to fight the System with if you won't allow us to use our
tongues? Even at our peril we must use 'em!"

He stopped and gathered strength for a last phrase which quivered
with the under-thrill of his bitterness. "It's fighting that's our
last hope of keeping something of manhood to ourselves, sir! Fight!--
I'd die if I did not fight--die or go mad!"

Outbursts of this sort were common enough among the more intelligent
convicts, but Maconochie never ceased to be impressed by them. The
receptive sympathy of the man--which proved his ruin as an
administrator--was always stirred when the note of strength and
sincerity ran through the transport's utterances. He listened now to
Reynell with a patience that to his under-strappers and to the felons
at muster seemed at once wonderful and childish.

With mutual nods and winks (in hearty enjoyment of the joke) the
gentlemen of the Commissariat who accompanied him listened to his
ludicrously feeble reception of Convict Reynell's attack on the
System's amenities.

"Reynell," he said, stepping a pace nearer to the ranks as he spoke,
"I am going to trust you--I will give you a farm--you and any four
others you may choose to pick out of the old hands!"

"You--are--not jollying--me, your Honour?"

"No--you will find by and by that I never 'jolly!'"

"Then, by G--, sir, I'll be true man to you!"

From the rank of men from which Reynell had been called out came in
two or three distinct voices a shout of--

"The Ring'll see 'bout that! The Oath! The Oath!"

Chapter II.

Reynell, instantly flushed with the strenuous hope that had been
created by Maconochie's words, paled as instantly. Then--

"I'll take it back, y'r Honour. I'll remain as I am--a 'good' man!"

"That's right, that's right, my man!" rejoined the Commandant,
genially. Again, a sibilant chorus from the ranks. The transports were
tickled agreeably at what they thought his misapprehension. They had
understood Reynell. Reynell, they knew, was simply adopting the
vocabulary of the damned, in which "darkness was light and light
darkness." But the laughter stopped instantly as Maconochie raised his
hand--and did the fatallest thing of his commandancy.

"Men!" he exclaimed, "no more of that! And now listen!"

A rubbing and clinking of irons and a shuffling of feet rose on the
calm air as the men settled themselves into position. They had heard
they had got a "bad" preaching Commandant--and now Fate was about to
confirm the report by cursing them with a second sermon on the one

"Men, listen! A threat has been used about the Ring. Now, I tell
you--Ring members and nonmembers of the Ring--that I am resolved to
crush that society out of existence."

From among the massed men a confused clamour arose. "So other
Com'dants have said--and they failed!" "Better not try!" "Ye'll ha' to
croak first!" A chorus of defiance in which rumbled an accent of
triumph. The System for three generations of Islanders had been trying
to kill the Ring, and the Ring was still immutable and impregnable.
The men who were of the Ring feared its despotism, but gloried in its
traditions and its power. The men whose names were not scored in its
mysteriously-kept roll, respected it and admired it, for was it not a
rock that withstood the shocks of the Authorities?--an empire supreme
over an empire otherwise omnipotent?

Now, Maconochie had meant to say that the only uprooting force he
intended to apply to the Ring was that of kindness and justice. His
wish was to render the Secret Society innocuous by depriving it of any
occasion for the exercise of its undoubtedly enormous capacity for
desperate action. But he was given no chance of explaining himself.
Though they thought that the loss of their Sunday dinner--deeply
cherished treat!--was involved in the uproar, the one hundred and
fifty men, moved by a common impulse of passion, which, like a
tornado-wave, swept all before it, continued and increased their
clamour. They shouted, whistled, clanked their irons. Every sound was
an inflection of evil. To the officials inured by years of familiarity
with the Island life to such demonstrations, there was nothing
particularly alarming--certainly nothing distressing in the storm. To
the Commandant, however, sensitive in feeling, exalted in imagination,
and subject to a curious persistence of reasoning which convinced him
every transport was less an offender against society than a victim of
society's errors and stupidities, the noise was a literal shock.

He held his hand up to command silence. A strong hiss from the
centre greeted the gesture.

He folded his arms, as though to wait patiently for the cessation of
the tumult. The challenge was responded to by shrieks of laughter.

He lifted his cap and passed his handkerchief across his forehead.
Fifty hands derisively copied the action. It was an admission that he
was beaten, and they delighted in it as their nostrils would have done
in the scent of roast meat.

He turned his back upon the ironed men, and motioned to a gaol-
warder. Assistant-Deputy-Commissary-General Shanks thought he purposed
to order up the main-guard, and for the first time was prepared to
confess to himself that the Commandant was something more than a
dreamer. And--Mr. Shanks was to be disappointed.

Instead of bringing up at the "double" a file of twelve men--instead
of issuing in bloody sequence, incisive commands: "Ready! Present!
Fire!" Captain Maconochie had sent to his own stores for--tobacco! The
imbecility of that act!--how it started Mr. Shanks! How it spoilt his
Sunday's dinner and compelled him to sacrifice his afternoon nap so
that he might write to Governor Gipps and Mr. E. Deas-Thomson!

"Tobacco for rebels! The establishment is going to the devil!" he
groaned later to Mrs. Shanks. "Tobacco!--when they should have had
lead. If he had made requisition upon me, and not have drawn from his
own store, I'd have refused there and then!" For Mr. Shanks' heart was
sore within him.

As for the gentry of the Iron Room, their turbulence held till the
box of tobacco was placed at the Commandant's feet. And then it faded,
with a final hiss and splatter as a breaking wave dies against the
shingle. They were stupefied at this unique form of punishment.

"'E's a-goin' to 'eap coals o' fire on our 'eads!" exclaimed some
one, but the remark passed unheeded. The mass were too surprised even
for ribald comments.

Chapter III.

"Reynell!" Maconochie called.

Reynell looked round before answering. Did the Ring raise objection?
If it did, there was no visible or audible sign of its refusal. And he
stepped forward; and, to the Commandant's pleasure, saluted.

"Reynell, call out four men to assist you!"

"What for, sir?"

"To distribute that tobacco--half a fig to a man."

Reynell stared at the Captain--then gazed back at the massed men.
For guidance--for a hint as to whether he dare take the bride on their
behalf? Most likely so. And so near is weak kindness to refined
cruelty, there was not one man there in those ranks of ironed, yellow,
brown-and-grey garbed felons with the symbols of shame on their bodies
and the glare of the human beast in their eyes, but hated Maconochie
in that moment of ordeal. Not a man there but would have risked severe
penalties to obtain a fraction of a fig; scarcely a score of the one
hundred and fifty but what had already gone through the mire of
humiliation for a "bit." Therefore their hearts beat with a venomous
strength--because he tempted them sorely. For why did they not answer
to Reynell's unspoken inquiry?

Those who were not of the Ring dare not speak. In collective action
the Ring led the "private" convicts.

And those who were of the Society grew weak with the temptation. But
then--to accept it was to acknowledge Maconochie's supremacy, and to
confess a defeat.

For half a minute the two parties stood silent. The surf, half a mile
away, drove its monotone over the still air. From the wooded sides of
Mount Pitt, on the other hand, travelled, not unmelodiously, the
screech of parrots. A wedge-tailed eagle poised majestically over the
square, and hoarsely flung a taunt to the imprisoned creatures. Save
for these sounds, the parade was as silent as is the lull before the
revolt of thunder against its confines.

Then--first one sharp "No!"--next, two or three were joined in the
repetition--and finally, in impetuous volume, the fierce negatives
rolled from the ranks. Never did monk of the desert make so great a
renunciation! In that volleyed monosyllable those outcasts of
civilization refused a pleasure for which, under other circumstances,
they would have gleefully bartered their souls.

"No!" A brazen, defiant "No!" which epitomized the curses of Tophet.

Reynell marched back to his place; and Maconochie knew, as the storm
of curses and cheers burst out again, that the Ring was triumphant.

Chapter IV.


Commissariat-Officer Shanks suggested, with a semi-sneer, the
application of old methods. "Try, Captain Maconochie, a platoon!
There's pretty considerable of a quietening influence in a volley,
sir! That is mutiny, and if you don't get the better of them now,
they'll have every iron off their ankles in an hour, and then you'll
have to shoot the lot, unless you want us all killed."

"No!" replied the Commandant. "Ball-cartridge is the last thing I
propose to use on society's wrecks. Mr. Gaoler--this thing has gone
far enough. Finish the muster and give 'em their dinners!"

"What, sir! Their dinners!" Really, the gaoler was to be excused for
his patent astonishment.

"Ay,--the poor fellows shan't suffer for my blunder in tactics. The
mistake was mine--I've taken 'em the wrong way to-day."

And with this remark, so subversive of all the conventions and
principles of the System--for whenever before did a penal commandant
admit he was in error?--Captain Maconochie touched his cap, in
graceful acknowledgement of the salute of his subordinates, and left
the muster--yard.

       *   *   *   *   *

The whole of the Iron Room transports enjoyed their dinners the more
for the sauce of triumph. For dessert they were gratified by another
delicious morsel.

The Commandant sent an order to the gaoler to despatch by 6.30 a.m.
on Monday, Henry Reynell, per Coquette (Colonial), and "four other men
that the said prisoner should nominate," to Farm 5 B, therein to be
installed as "sub-gang in charge." The proceeding was, it is needless
to say, altogether exceptional. But then the Island owned an
altogether exceptional commander, and it had proved a day of
exceptional occurrences. And it was, doubtless, in accordance with the
spirit of the joke that the gaoler, as he communicated the decision to
Reynell, mocked him by doffing his cabbage-tree, and addressed him
with a scoffing irony.

"Would it please Mr. Reynell to nominate the gentlemen who were to
accompany him?"

Reynell took the jest admirably. He craved five minutes to make his
selection, and within that time had informed the officer that Osborne,
Peake, Barrington, and "Swinger" Felix would form his comradeship. For
the committee of the Ring had raised no objection. "'Twarn't going out
to the farmsteads, Reynell," said a high ruler of the league--a
Three--"that we complain of, but your promise to be a true man! No
chap in the fellowship shall go 'bad' without permission. It's
breaking oath!"

And consent being thus obtained--we translate the "flash" language
habitually employed in Ring business--the choice was, as we have said,
made, and 5 B group constituted.

On Monday, when the dormitories turned out at 5.30, the first thing
done by the new sub-gang was to present themselves at the
"blacksmith's shop" and have the rivets driven from the bazils.

Felix was last at the low anvil. As the bazil of his left leg fell to
the ground he expanded the massive brawniness of his chest with long
draughts of tonic morning air; and then clutched Reynell with a
wrestler's grasp.

"Why, lad, I be tha' man for ever an' a day. I never 'ud ha' got rid
o' them damned clinks but for thee until the day I wed the worms.
Felix is tha' man for ever an' a day!"

Chapter V.

And now let us gather up the links of the story.

Monday was formal court-day, and, therefore, none of the group saw
the Commandant till the evening. Muster had passed over--the mutual
responsibility farms were mustered only by their leader, he answering
for his group--and the men were busy preparing their "tea," and
rejoicing in the novel sensation of what was virtual freedom, when the
Captain walked up to the hut.

They ceased their preparations and saluted. The spontaneity of the
movement was plain, and it thrilled the "old man's" heart to notice
it. Something, he thought, of that voluntary respect for just
authority, which is an accompaniment of manhood, had been generated in
the men by that one day's liberty, and surely his experiment was about
to be justified? He smiled gaily as he returned the salute.

"Now, men," he said, "don't mind me! Get on with your tea--I am sure
you must need it after all this day in the fields!"

In forty years of the System never had Osborne heard the like. He
bent his eyes to the block of stone which did duty as a temporary
table, and fumbled with his tin maize-meal dish. The others, with the
exception of Peake, were also affected; Reynell to the point of
turning his head away so that neither the Captain nor his group-mates
should discern the tear that scalded his cheek.

"Men!" continued the Commandant, ever deeper touched by evidences of
gratitude than by testimonies of insult, "I wish you would trust me! I
want to be a friend to you--to every man of the 1600 souls in prison
here! Come, sirs, forget I'm the Commandant--the 'old man.' Think of
me, for the time being at all events, as a man--one who deeply
sympathizes with your sufferings, and who will only be too glad to
alleviate them in every way he can without violating his duty to those
who sent him here! Come, what do you say?"

Peake was the first to speak. "Reynell, y'r Honour, is our leader!" A
dogged resistance to any softening influence was easily to be
understood from his manner.

"Then, Reynell, speak for yourself at least--for the others if you

The ex-soldier drew his under-lip in, and bit it till blood came, in
the severity of the struggle between the Past and the Future that
might be. Then he gulped rather than uttered his answer.

"I take back--the insult--of--yesterday, sir. I'll be true man to
you--so help me God! And the--Ring may do its worst."

Maconochie knew that, come what might--disdain from Privy Councillors
and Secretaries of State, cold water from Governors, and sneers and
insubordination from smaller officials--yet still he had plucked one
soul from the pit. After a few more words of friendly tenor he
returned to Government House.

Upon his going, Peake dropped his thin mask of hypocrisy and looked
what he was--the child of the devil his father, and the System his
mother. Other parentage had he known none. When, as a hunchbacked boy
of eight, he first understood a little of the meaning of life, the
System was already nourishing him at her breasts. And because of this
must we excuse him somewhat.

Peake, when the Captain's steps could not be longer heard, pulled off
his waist-strap.

"Hold!" He threw out an end to "Penman Barrington." "Barrington"
paled--but grasped the leather.

"Reynell, you sneakin' cull--come here!"

And Reynell, too, obeyed the strange command. He took the other end.
The strap was pulled taut. Then Osborne and Felix each laid hold upon
it in the centre, standing on either side of it. The four thus formed
a cross. Sometimes in the cross of the Ring the hands touched and
clasped; but never in the cross of denunciation--as this was.

Three--five--seven times Peake walked round the group, and as he
moved he recited the Convict Oath.

At last, he stopped suddenly--at the end of the third repetition.

"Osborne, you're a 'Sevener'?"

Osborne, hoarse with suppressed fear, muttered "Yes."

"And you're a Sevener, accused?" Reynell was thus addressed. He
nodded assent.

"What are you, Bill?"

"A Niner!" answered Felix.


"A Fiver!"

"And I'm a Three. We're all denominations. All denominations
necessary to convene when it's a Sevener as is to go up before---Do
any object?"

Silence. Only Reynell shuddered.

"Then, the Niner shall bid the Niners, and the Sevener the Seveners,
and the Fiver the Fivers, and the Three the Threes to Ring lodge on
Sabbath next if the One ratifies, and the business shall be to try
Sevener Henry Reynell, for that he played our noble Society false, and
promised to be true man to an Establishment officer, and defies the
Society! So the Devil help you all!"

And some trembling lips muttered a low "So the Devil help us!"

II.--The Session Of Denunciation.

Chapter I.

The Ring had been convened. A "session of denunciation" had been
called in the manner provided by the traditional statutes of the
Society, and Convict Henry Reynell, "Colonial" transport per Coquette,
had been duly apprised that on the Sunday following, at three in the
afternoon, he was to be charged with having violated the "laws." He,
an initiate, had defied the Ring; he had told Captain Maconochie that
"he would prove a true man to him"; and this after the Ring had
ordered that in season and out of season the new Commandant was to be
thwarted--not so much disobeyed as thwarted.

When, within a month of Maconochie's arrival, it had become plain
what sort of a man he was, the "One," on requisition from the "Three,"
had convened a "Council of Order," at which it was enacted that the
new Commandant was an "enemy."

The business of a "Council of Order" was to enact "laws" and adopt
"regulations." It was the least potential of the three descriptions of
Ring gatherings.

The second was that known as the "Session of Denunciation." It was
convened only when a formal charge was to be laid against some member
("initiate" or "uninitiate") of the Society, or when some person not
of the Society was to be denounced for his treatment of a member.

The third was the "Conclave of Doom." At this meeting the fiat went
forth for punishment, the executioner was appointed, and--if the doom
was a capital one and the victim a member of the Society--the vacancy
would be filled up.

The "Council of Order" could be attended by any member of the Ring--
whether he belonged to the initiated twenty-five, or to the
uninitiated, "the novices," whose number was practically unlimited. It
was invariably held during a meal-hour, for then only could a large
muster be depended upon.

The "Session of Denunciation" was attended by the "circles" only, or
as many of them as could be present. It was usually held on the nights
of Sundays or holy-days, in the Iron Room. The "circles" were, as a
rule, in irons. "Clinks" and "Trumpeters" were rather regarded as Ring
insignia. Occasionally it was held in the day-time; Reynell's was to
be a day-session.

As for the "Conclave of Doom," it was constituted only by the "One"
and the "Three." If the "One" was in gaol, or in such other position
that his attendance was impossible, then a majority of the members
comprising the circles of "Three" and "Five" could proceed with the
business. The convening of this culminating assemblage, however,
rested absolutely with the "One." The "Three" could not constitute the
Doom-session without his consent; and in this circumstance consisted
the "One's" power of veto. The twenty-four men constituting the
"circles" might pass a unanimous vote of "Death!" or other penalty,
and by his simple refusal to convene a Doom--session within the period
indicated by the law and custom of the Society--which period, in
Maconochie's time, was three months--the presumed victim would go

At the Doom-session, the proceedings were, of course, controlled by
the "One"--the Centre.

At the other sessions, the president was one of "Three" circle, who
acted as leader. The "One" might be present, or he might not, at a
"Council of Order," or a "Denunciation"; but, if present, he would not
take charge of the assemblage. Such a step would have been tantamount
to revealing his identity to the "Ringers" generally, and would have
been a violation of the fundamental law of the Society, which ordered
that none but the members of the "Three" should know who was the
"One." To have torn away the veil of secrecy which shrouded his
personality would have deprived him of his power. The Unknown is
always terrible.1

From the circle of "Nine" to the circle of "Seven"; from the circle
of "Seven" to the "Five"; from the "Five" to the "Three"; from the
"Three"; to the "One": so ran the grooves of communication.

What, pertaining to the business or the safety of the Ring, a member
of "Nine" circle heard, it was demanded from him, by his sworn duty to
the Society, that he should communicate to his colleagues of his
"circle." And the circle, or a majority, should decide whether the
facts or the suspicions should be passed on to "Seven" circle.

Reaching the circle of "Seven," the intelligence, if the circle by
majority so decided, would pass to the "Five." In like manner, the
"Fivers" would transmit it to the "Three"; and so the "Centre"--the
"One"--would hear of it only after long process of filtration and

At any stage of the routine a "circle" might send back a "report" for
further evidence and information; or, by refusing to pass it on, veto
and quash it. The complaint could not be again made by the lower
circle till after the lapse of so many weeks.

Should a matter be first set in motion by an intermediate circle,
that circle would communicate the essence of the business to the lower
rank, but the latter had no voice in referring it to the final
judgment of the "Centre." All vetoes were similarly communicated, so
that the effect was this: Every initiate member knew the nature of all
business which by ultimate transmission to "One" became the concern of
the Ring; but every member had not a voice in its determination. No
initiate could aid in the settlement of a matter originating in a
higher circle than his own.

The exceptions to this general law were two. For the denunciation of
an initiate member, the consent of the circle lower than his own was
necessary, as well as that of his own and the higher ranks. Such cases
were considered urgent, and the vote of one member of the lower circle
or circles was regarded as sufficing for the whole of that
denomination. And a "Three," invested with scarcely less awfulness
than the "One," could act independently of his co-"Threes" by "One's"
authority. It was this latter circumstance which originated the belief
amongst many uninitiate Ringers that there was no "One." They did not
necessarily believe that because the "Centre" was invisible, therefore
he did not exist, but they doubted his existence when they saw that
attributes they supposed to attach only to the dreaded "One" belonged
also to the "Three."

Doubts, however, of this kind belonged to the uninitiates--or
novices. The men of the lesser circles--the Nines and the Sevens and
the Fives--knew of the "One," and the Three knew him.

They were sufficient, these degrees of knowledge, for they sustained
during long years of maleficent working a dreadful society within an
accursed community--an empire of evil within an empire of horror. The
character of the System alone did not explain the System. You had to
take into account also the Ring, which constantly battled with the
System, and frequently defeated though it could not subjugate it.

       *   *   *   *   *

It could not subjugate the System, but then neither could the System
destroy it.

The battle was a drawn one: the Ring ceased to exist as the
animating soul of all evil things on the Island, only when the System
acknowledged itself defeated by the "paralysing stroke of
circumstance,"1 and abandoned the spot which, designed by Heaven as an
earthly paradise, the Englishman had made into a hell. Yet, one
thinks, the result should have been different. There was the might of
England behind the System--the majesty of her law, the sanctity of her
State religion, the wisdom of her administrators. On the other side,
there were--what? Twenty-four felons, and the "One"! A feeble handful
of yellow-and-grey-garbed prisoners, most of them habitually in irons,
scarcely one that had not shivered as the curling "cat" kissed him!
Why, the System could have hanged them all any morning and not been
put to the slightest inconvenience other than doubling the number of
coffin-makers for a week!

Notwithstanding, for fifty years the Ring held its own. Its heads or
"Centres"--the "Ones"--must have been changed four times at least; the
"circles" were re-organized again and again as death came along, and
touched some "Niner" or "Sevener," or "Fiver" or "Threer," on the
shoulder, and gave him his passport of freedom; the "uninitiates" were
decimated by shootings and the Battle of the Bloody Bridge, by escapes
and hangings. Still, the Ring lived on. And it would have been living
to--day had the System survived.

Chapter II.

The ceremony of convening had been gone through, as we say, and the
"Centre" had approved of the conclave. So the Threes told the Fives,
and the Fives passed the notice on to the Sevens, and Sevens to the
Nines. Each "Niner" controlled a body of "novices," and to such of
these as, in all likelihood, would be in the exercise-yards on Sunday
afternoon, he "passed the word" for picket and guard duty.

And to one other person was the intimation conveyed that a Ring
session was to be assembled. The Commandant was so informed--by a note
pushed under his office-door! Young though he was in supreme
authority, he was at no loss to understand the significance of the
pen-printed letter:


It was the boldest challenge to his rule, and that he should not
doubt its authenticity, at the foot of the missive was stamped (in
candle-smoke) the symbol which formed the official signature of the
"One"--the four concentric circles surrounding the double-triangle
over the broad arrow.

       *   *   *   *   *

Over the broad arrow--that stung Maconochie as it had stung Wright,
Fyans, Anderson, Ryan, and every other Commandant who had been
similarly challenged. For, interpreted, the signature meant that the
Ring was supreme over the System. Let the System order, it would be
for the Ring to say whether it should be obeyed.

The Commandant consulted the gaoler and such of the overseers as he
had divined were not quite enamoured of the old methods of brute force
which he was seeking to supersede with kindness, and showed them the
message. None could enlighten him as to what would eventuate at the

"A Riot?" No; that was unlikely. The Ring had other methods of
working than to precipitate an outbreak unless it was thoroughly
prepared, and the chances were now against anything of the kind being

"Shall I stop it?" Well, his Honour might try, but it would be
useless. It would take the whole military force of the Island, and the
armed civil guard as well, to break up a Ring meeting; and even then--

"What?" They would communicate their business all the same, and rob
everybody of a night's rest.

"How?" Because the signalling would go on the whole night through.
The night-guards could hear the signals distinctly from cell to cell;
every Ringer keeps awake and passes on the signal to his right or left
as the case may be, though he might not himself understand the
significance of the signal.

"But how could the Ring, some members of which were in the gaol-
cells, others in the dormitories, others in the Iron Room,
communicate, seeing that the three classes of buildings were separated
by yards?" Heaven knows!--and the principal Ringers; nobody else!

"It surprises me!" So it did everybody else, the gaoler said.

"Do you think, Mr. Gaoler, the Ring would consent to my making an
experiment?" Perhaps so; how?

"If I wished for an illustration of their facility of communicating,
would they grant it?" No doubt; and laugh in his Honour's face while
communicating. "Would his Honour like to see a Ringer?" Every officer
nearly knew most of the outside Ringers (the uninitiates)--no secrecy
was maintained as to that class of membership--but really those
fellows knew next to nothing of the Ring proper. The men who formed
the outer circles were known also; but the actual participation of
each in the working of the Society, why, that could never be proved.

"Were there many regulations in force against the Ring?" Dozens!

"Any definite attempt at suppression?" Yes; and the Battle of Bloody
Bridge was the result.

The Commandant sickened at the reflection that here was a force never
taken into account by Right Honourable Secretaries of State and
honourable members of the House of Commons, or by Judges and
Governors. The System might rule by terror in one direction, and by
coarse and licentious favouritism in another, but here was a power
that defied the tremendous penal organization created by British
justice and British apathy. Buoyed though he was by his intense belief
in the truth of his theory, and inspired by his faith in the essential
goodness of human nature, he could not, for the moment, resist the
awful doubt which now assailed him as to whether it would not be
better to let the System proceed on its old lines. A power that
continued its machinations under the eye and in the teeth of
Authority, surely the only way to deal with it was to crush it by
force! These were his thoughts.

Fortunately, however, for his fame, Maconochie resisted the reaction.
When the Lady of Despair, whose breath fanned him for that instant,
had passed him, he felt it would be at least wise to wait and see what
Sunday would bring forth. He intended to accept the challenge.

Chapter III.

"O Day most calm, most bright.
The week were dark but for thy light--
Thy torch doth show the way!"

Thus had quoted the Rev. Thomas Taylor in his sermon at morning
chapel to the Protestant prisoners. His words had been in praise of
Sunday as a day which relieved for them no less than for their more
fortunate fellows in other places the labour of the week. Their irons
might still clank, but they did not fret and jar so painfully, for the
movements were those of rest and change, and were not demanded by
task-work. Their hands might still require to describe the salute, but
the obligation would be less frequent. And the freedom from labour
meant opportunity for reading and thought--for recollection of dear
ones far away--for indulgence of bright hopes for the future--and for
something of that intercourse with their brother-man which, in its
unrestricted and unreprieved fulness, would be the principal delight
to be conferred by freedom. Something after this manner spoke the
tender-natured chaplain, whose spirits had been greatly invigorated
since the advent of the new Commandant.

The chaplain's words had touched not a few hearts and had moistened
many eyes. Unlike his predecessor, A--, who was for ever throwing "The
Prodigal Son" at their heads; or Parson Ford, of Hobart-town, who was
chiefly solicitous that his hearers should prove the value of his
teachings by making a decent ending at the gallows rather than in
reformation of their lives, Chaplain Taylor invariably impressed the
prisoners by dwelling upon the few bright things of the present, and
the brighter things their earthly future might still have in store for
them. His tribute to the Sabbath was consequently highly appreciated,
and more than one out of the six hundred transports in his
congregation determined to spend the rest of the day peacefully--if
the Ring would let them. That contingency had to be faced, for the
knowledge was now general that it was a "Lodge Sunday."

The morning muster after chapel passed off without incident--unlike
the previous week's, when Convict Henry Reynell--the same who was now
accused by the Ring--had, at the bidding of that body, refused to
accept, for his comrades of the Iron Room, Maconochie's bribe of
tobacco. And the mid-day meal, of 16 oz. roast-meat, 12 oz. baked
potatoes, and the extra Sunday relish--to them who had not been under
punishment for the week--of 4 oz. of wheat and barley bread, was
unmarked by a quarrel. When the final "grace" was said, and the
Almighty thanked in mumbling, parroted parodies for the mercies so
amply showered upon them, the mass of the men in the yards felt they
were, indeed, deserving of the pleasure which was to be theirs that
afternoon. Not a single prisoner had been felled to the cobbled
floors, and not one had rushed to the warders with a complaint that
his cheek had been gashed open because he had been indiscreet enough
to object to the theft of his ration. The peace of the beautiful
Sabbath-day brooded, dove-like, on the resting throngs.

There were five yards, but we are concerned only with the one on
which the Iron Room opened, and the adjacent enclosure. These were the
pleasure-grounds of the aristocracy of crime; and the Ring membership
was most largely represented in them. A doorway, sometimes closed, but
on Sundays usually left open, furnished a means of communication
between No. 3 yard and the space devoted to the fettered fraternity.
From the elevated sentry-boxes--the "perches"--at the corners, armed
guards watched or patrolled the broad-"leafed" walls. Within the
radius of a biscuit-throw, two sentries of the military main-guard
moved, this one this way, that one the opposite way, from their post
at the entrance of a passage leading to the gaol.

At two o'clock the sentries were relieved, and a careful observer
might then have seen that a new interest was taking possession of the
throngs in both yards. Those who were reading closed their books,
talkers became less in earnest, laughers and jesters--these were not
wanting, for some men will laugh in hell--abated their merriment, and
others who had been nursing their thoughts in abject solitude, shook
off their taciturnity and joined one or other of the many knots. All,
seemingly, began to count the time.

At a quarter-past two the sentries changed beats. The movement was
noticed by the prisoners.

Fifteen minutes later, the soldiers rechanged. The prisoners knew the
half-hour had expired. Without any apparent concord of movement, the
men in either yard formed themselves into larger groups.

By the next change of "Go," talk had nearly ceased in the two yards.
Such laughter and sound of chat as were borne on the breeze were from
the other enclosures. And the careful observer aforesaid would
perceive that now the movements of the men were taking something of
the character of marching and counter-marching. He would have heard no
word of command; and yet he should have understood that some supreme
will was giving directions, for, in the two yards, though no more than
a few men in each could see what was going on in the other, there was
a simultaneity of movement and likeness of manoeuvring.

And by three o'clock, as the guards were re-adjusting themselves to
their original path, the 140 men in the ironed yard, and the 200 in
No. 3, were disposed something in this order.

Close to the north wall in the former enclosure stood two men. At
three paces distance from them, so placed that, had a cord been passed
through the hands of each to the others, a circle would have been
described, of which the first two men would have formed the centre,
stood three more transports. At five paces from these last were
another five prisoners. Connect these by a cord, and these five would
have surrounded the three. At seven paces, again, from the five
transports were a second five, likewise ranged in an imaginary circle
order. Nine paces away from this latter five was gathered a group of
twenty-two or twenty-three--an outer envelope, as it were, of the
inner rings. The mass of the ironed men stood by the south wall--and
their faces towards it; but a weak line of communication was kept up
by a string of pickets extending to this numerous group from the outer

Thus was arranged the Ring in day conclave. The central two men
represented the circle of "Three"; the three, the circle of "Five";
the first five, the circle of "Seven"; and the second five, that of
"Nine." Each circle was separated from its next lower one by as many
paces as there were members in the lower circle. And the twenty-two or
twenty-three "uninitiates" were divided by nine paces distance from
the "Nines." The pickets were recently admitted "uninitiates." If the
Ring had a message for the convicts in general or for the
"uninitiates" who, for purposes of intimidation, were thrust amongst
the transports who had refused or not been permitted to join the
Society, it was transmitted by the pickets.

The circles of the Ring, it will be seen, were short of their proper
number. It was seldom possible, indeed, to constitute a full Ring at a
day conclave. Of the twenty-four men making up the circles, fifteen
only were in the ironed yard. Of the rest, five were at the "mutual
responsibility" farm, and four were in the next--No. 3--yard.

In the latter yard, allowing for the smaller number of the Ringers,
the arrangement was the same. No Threer was included in this
enclosure, but a Five, three Nines, and a dozen uninitiates were
ranged at the proper gradations of distance. The convicts unassociated
with the Ring were crowded under the south wall, with their faces
turned from the Society group. Between the twelve uninitiates and the
mass stretched, as in the other yard, a line of pickets.

On the stroke of three o'clock, then, this was the order of array in
both enclosures. Save for a cough, a clearing of the throat, a
friction in the "irons," there was no sound among the transports. The
sentries walked to and fro--and looked to their primings. The armed
civil guards on the perches quickened their senses, but yet refrained
from directly scrutinizing the proceedings. They could see every face,
and yet no guard had ever been found who could, on a formal demand,
identify any leader of the Ring. That is to say, none since Major
Anderson's time. A warder then had declared to the Commandant he would
swear to a score of the inner circles. And within a week he lay on his
bed, a shattered lump of carrion. A thirst for information is not
always judicious.

Chapter IV.

The soldiers by the gaol-passage exchanged. And at that instant a
sharp, curiously-modulated whistle shrilled from the Threes in the
ironed yard, and was instantly answered by another whistle from the
next yard. "Lodge" was opened.

A Five broke from his circle, and passed to the group of
uininitiates. He paused a second before each man, who stooped and
whispered something into his ear. Then, from the uninitiates, he
passed successively to the Nines, the Sevens, to his comrades of the
Five, and finally, to the Threes. From all he gathered the password
save from the representatives of the innermost circles. To them he
gave it. During his progress there had been countless slightly noisy
movements among the massed transports, yet the tension of feeling was
so extreme, that many would have sworn there had occurred no sound
except that caused by the clink-clank of the irons.

When the Threes received the approving signal, one--Johnson--began to
recite the Ritual; the other--Gooch--to lead off the antiphonal
responses. Sometimes both the words of the reciter and the response
were in vigorous, resonant English; other passages were partly English
and partly in the Ring's own variety of the "flash" language;
sometimes both were in the argt. It is unnecessary to say the secrets
of the Ring were conveyed in the last form of speech.

Very solemn the liturgy sounded. If the words were sometimes ribald,
there was nothing ribald in the manner of their utterance. Except in a
Catholic service, no such respectfulness of tone and decency of
demeanour were ever voluntarily exhibited by the transports as in a
Ring meeting. Any unseemliness was visited with a punishment the more
to be feared that its precise measure was unknown to the culprit till
the moment of its infliction, but the solemnity of its proceedings was
at once the cause and the effect of the Society's influence. The
portions of the Ritual which were recited in the vernacular were
resonantly worded specifically for the purpose of impressing such of
the convicts not enlisted in the strange companionship who might be in
hearing. Singular though the statement may appear, it was the
religious character given to its ceremonies that made it the weapon it
was in the service of the devil. Appeals to occult powers, the element
of mystery in gesture and language, the measured intonation, the
employment of symbolism, the frequent invocation of dread punishment
upon men who violated their oath--all were calculated to inspire awe
of and devotion to the Society that used it.

The temporary leader of the Ring, who was reciting, reached that
passage in the blasphemous liturgy:

Is God an officer of the establishment?
And the response came solemnly clear, thrice repeated:
No, God is not an officer of the establishment.
He passed to the next question:
Is the Devil an officer of the establishment?
And received the answer--thrice:
Yes, the Devil is an officer of the establishment.

He continued:

Then do we obey God?

With clear-cut resonance came the negative--

No, we do not obey God!

He propounded the problem framed by souls that are not necessarily

Then whom do we obey?

And, thrice over, he received for reply the damning perjury which yet
was so true an answer:

The Devil--we obey our Lord the Devil!

In a corner, by the south wall, a youth of twenty, in irons for a
freak, dropped his face on his hands and stifled a sob. He had been
trying since sermon-time to fix indelibly on his memory the sweet
melody of George Herbert's hymn:

"O Day most calm, most bright.

The week were dark but for thy light--

Thy torch doth show the way!"  and now that music was jostled from
his mind by the demons' Litany. Johnson had arrived at the "prayer":

Render us, O Satan, always flourishing in thy work, always happy in
obeying thy law, thou who art eternal, who art always young, who never
lackest worshippers and servants to do thy will, who art always rich,
and never forgettest those who place their offerings at thy altar--

when from No. 3 yard came a long, involved whistle: and in the
instant following a murmur ran along the line of pickets.

Captain Maconochie had accepted the challenge.

Chapter V.

He walked through No. 3 yard unattended. His predecessor had never
entered it on a Sunday afternoon without an escort of two soldiers. As
he passed he acknowledged pleasantly the few salutes he received, and
gave no sign that he noticed the majority of the enclosure's occupants
declined to recognize his presence. They were waiting to see what the
Ring would do.

And the Ring? Save for that murmur of the pickets the session
expressed no consciousness of the visitor. The reciter finished the
prayer in an even tone:

"Render unto us the rewards of them who obey thee always and God

And then suddenly changing his tone from the key of religious
solemnity to a simple announcement, said, "The Com'dant!"

In the same instant he saluted and smiled--smiled derisively in
Captain Maconochie's face, as the latter, appalled at the abominable
import of the Ritual's words, stood still, showing his distress very

"Good heavens, men! Did I hear aright? Did I hear you blaspheming
your Maker so dreadfully?"

"Wot, sir?" asked Johnson. "This is the first degree of a Ring
meetin', y'r know! We but say wot we're tol' to say. It's all in the
Ritooal, sir!"

"You are in Ring Lodge now?"

"Yessir! First degree!"

"And you blaspheme like this in all your degrees?" Maconochie
stammered and stuttered in his horror.

"Wud yer like to know, sir?"


"Then that's jest wot yer won't get to know from me, y'r Honour!"
replied Johnson, and the retort provoked a roar of laughter, half-
timid, half-defiant, from the circle. Sunday or no Sunday the laughers
would have been tied to the triangles by any other Commandant for that
outrage, but Maconochie, albeit severely tempted, overlooked the

"When do you hold your other degrees?"

"In present session, at wunst--unless yer a-goin' to break us up!"
Again the fellow laughed.

"I am not going to break you up to-day--"

"Nor any other time!" exclaimed the leader.

"'Ear, 'ear!" seconded some "Fives" and "Sevens."

Chapter VI.

"Go on with your Ritual!" said the Commandant, after a pause.

"That's wot we intend to do, yer Honour," Johnson, with measured
insolence, responded. "An' d'yer mean to stop and 'ear us?"

"I do!"

"I 'opes as yer Honour'll be vastly interested!" And once more the
Commandant was compelled to listen to a laugh that was a jibe. He let
it go by, like the others.

Then the leader resumed his devil's business, and gave, in the next
half--hour, the Captain a lesson as to the ingenuity of felonry that
he never forgot. Better versed than any Penal Commandant, before or
since (save Price), in the "flash" slang or thieves' language, he yet
scarcely comprehended a word of the many concluding parts of the
ceremony brought to his ears.

For, as there were grades in the Ring, there were varieties in its
speech. There was the variety understood by all novices as well as
initiates--the variety known to "Nines" and all above--another
familiar to "Sevens" and "Fives" and "Threes"--one in which only the
"Fives" and "Threes" were educated. All these forms of argt were used
that afternoon, accordingly as the "Three" in charge addressed himself
to a higher circle or a lower.

And, not content with that patent offence to the Spirit of the
System, the Ring perpetrated yet another. It held communication with
its gesture--language--when a movement of the limbs or head expressed
a number, and the number indicated a word or phrase in its "initiate"
code--and in its dumb-talk and its whistling vocabulary. These two
last were provisions for use when the legs were ironed and the hands
in "bracelets." And of all the "talk" and signalling, the Commandant
understood next to nothing. All he knew was that the proceedings
shaped themselves something like those in a court of justice.

There were addresses from the leader "Three" and his colleagues--
slowly and impressively delivered; there were steppings forth from the
outer rings of men who evidently gave testimony of some sort with
right hand uplifted; and there was a brief and apparently impassioned
speech from a "Seven"--the prisoner's feelings prompted him in his
excitement to drop into a phrase of plain English, which he corrected
instantly upon being checked by Johnson. And, finally, there was the
pronouncement of a verdict. Amidst a grim silence, broken only by the
shuffling and rubbing of the second "Three's" irons as he moved from
rank to rank of the Circles to gather the judgment, the decision was
come to. The whole mass by the north wall heaved a sigh of relief as
Johnson lowered his head to receive the announcement.

By the laws, to condemn a "Nine" a bare majority of all present
sufficed; to "settle" a Seven, an absolute majority of the Circles
present or absent was necessary; for a "Five" or "Three" was required
a majority of his own circle as well as the majority of the lower
ranks. Proxies were used for absentees, if the latter knew of the
business. Reynell was represented by proxy.

Now, of the fifteen chief Ringers present in this Iron Yard but seven
voted for Reynell's condemnation. On that vote he would have been
discharged of the accusation, for it required thirteen to convict him.
But, as we have said, five (including the accused) were at the "mutual
responsibility" farm, and four were in Yard No. 3 adjacent to the Iron
Yard. Two out of the five voted, by proxy, "guilty," making nine!
Would the other four go the same way?

There was a lull in the "talk" and dumb show, while "Threer" Johnson
pondered an ingenious--but quite satanic--notion that came into his
head. He guessed Maconochie would wish for some indication of the
Ring's mysterious power to communicate at long distances. That
singular capacity had irritated and defeated his predecessors, and
naturally he would think with them on that point, however he might
disagree on others. Johnson communicated his notion to his brother
"Three" in a whisper, and the other applauded it. Whereupon, "Wud yer
like to see, y'r Honour," Johnson questioned very respectfully, "'ow
we send messages?"

"Yes!" cried Maconochie. If he could but gain some insight into the
Ring's methods he would defeat them, he thought. "Yes--yes!"

"Then y'r Honour'll give us yer word as a gen'elman that yer won't
use the knowledge yer gain wi'out formal information on oath from
other parties?"

The Commandant felt he was justified in saying he would not.

"Then, sir, there are four Ringers in nex' yard--standin' by this
'ere north wall. I'll send 'em a message so you can see 'ow it goes,
an' if yer like, sir, yer can bring the answer!"

Should he do it? Was it a trap for his dignity? The Captain
reflected, and decided to take the risk.

"I will bring the answer!"

"Then, sir, I'm going to send this message!" Johnson clanked to a
foot's distance from the Commandant, and lowered his voice: "Do yer
vote as the majority 'ere? The reply, sir, as yer'll get 'll convince
yer jest that question and no other's gone through. Now, sir, watch!"

The pickets, we have mentioned, stretched from the cluster of the
novices to the south wall. At a sharp word from Johnson, they moved,
as quickly as their irons would permit, to continue the line to the
gate opening into No. 3.

"Now, sir," went on Johnson, "that there message is a-goin' to the
end of that line. Yer follow it from man to man. Then, sir, do you,
please, join this line to the picket inside No. 3. They will pass the
message on, an' yer'll get the reply!"

Anxiously Maconochie watched the procedure. Johnson, in dumb-talk,
"spoke" to a Nine; the fellow passed the message to a novice or
"uninitiate" by a gesture; he, turning, repeated it in their slang to
a picket. So it went to the line's end. Each man, as he received it,
revolved on his heel, and transmitted it to the next, the Commandant
pacing by their side down to the last picket. Some of these novices
trembled because of his proximity; others simply grinned; the sentries
and armed civil guards, in their amazement, grew more positive than
ever that the Commandant was "looney."

The Commandant--and the message--entered the next yard. The pickets
took it up. Man by man, with repetitions of slang, passed it to the
group of uninitiates, and then to the three "Nines." Then the solitary
"Five" in that yard received it. Maconochie would have sworn that
nothing passed from man to man save a few syllables of gibberish. And
yet, within a minute, he had been given the reply.

"Yes, sir!" said the "Five," saluting, "we four here votes with the

        *   *   *   *   *

Grieving deeply over this misapplication of ingenuity, and wondering
how he should meet it and defeat it, Maconochie walked back to where
the leader of the Ring awaited him in silence at his proper station.

"Well, sir?" questioned, as deferentially as one could wish, Johnson.

"The prisoner said the four would vote--"

"How--how?" came in hard-breathed exclamations from among the

"With the majority!" The Commandant finished the sentence.

Some laughed at the news; some laughed at the exquisitely humorous
notion of making the Commandant the bearer of the fatal decision; and
one man--a "Niner," a friend of Reynell--said snarlingly (to his own
hurt at a later time), "Yer've given Reynell over to his doom!"

Indeed he had done so, though in all ignorance. How the doom fell we
shall tell you later.

III.--The Conclave Of Doom.

Chapter I.

NIGHT in the Iron Room. The majority of the men we saw in the Ironed
Yard on last Sunday, when at the "Session of Denunciation," are lodged
here. Perhaps a hundred seek the phantasm of repose on the low
platforms of its floors; the rest, some forty or fifty, are privileged
to slumber in a smaller dormitory adjacent. And, save by the utterly
reckless (ever, alas! all too numerous among the ironed men) the
privilege of sleeping in the smaller room was highly valued for
several reasons, only a few of which, however, dare be stated. The
transports there accommodated were the first to be let out in the
morning--that was one reason; consequently they enjoyed the earliest
use of the towels--this was a second reason. And a third, and even
more important one, was that they were not liable to be disturbed
after midnight by a Ring conclave. It was one thing to enjoy the
solemnity of the Society's proceedings in the daytime; a lodge broke
the tedium of the monotony; but it was quite another to lose the
superior distraction that came in the shape of sleep, simply because
the "One" and the "Three" desired to pursue with adequate rite and
ceremony their machinations against the System. Sleep, so precious to
all, was trebly precious to the "Black Norfolker." To the felon
denizens of the Iron Room sleep was almost as welcome as his "twin-
brother," death.

And so, when it became known in the Iron Room the Wednesday evening
after the Sunday of Denunciation, that in all likelihood a Ring
conclave would be held that midnight, the members of the outer circles
and the novices of the Ring, no less than the miscellaneous criminals
who were not associated with the Society, were somewhat troubled. The
day had been marked by one of those hurricanes which, springing with
suddenness from the surface of the Pacific, die as suddenly after
spending their tropical rage disastrously upon every object within
their scope; and most of the men, having been exposed to its violence,
were suffering from bodily exhaustion. Maconochie had excelled himself
and desecrated the sacred traditions of the Island by ordering warm
tea to be supplied to every man engaged in outdoor employment, and in
some cases, indeed, he had granted hot rum, and had, further,
shortened the evening muster by withholding "prayers," so that the
prisoners might seek their blankets the earlier. And now the
Commandant's solicitude was to be partially neutralized by the mandate
of the "One." Yet remonstrance, audible and overt, was never once
thought of. Had the cases been reversed and it had been the
authorities who had with apparent wantonness interfered with the
transports' poor comfort, a disturbance would have arisen that would
not have been readily quelled. Almost the solitary remark uttered with
reference to the Ring's action was that of a wretch, Sam Ward, who
from a certain eccentricity of habit--he was for ever speaking to
himself--had been refused the greatly coveted honour of admission to
the Circles. When the signal went round that a Conclave was to be held
and that their rest would be disturbed, he said--"Ah, well--'tis a
pity, Sammy! You're always free when you're asleep, and you're so
tired to-night, Sammy, freedom'd be all the sweeter!" Beyond these
words, the mandate of the Ring met no impediment.

Chapter II.

At six o'clock, when the last padlock clinched its hold on the doors,
and the bolts shot in the iron shutters of the two windows, the
hundred men ceased communication with the outer world till twelve
hours later. So the System judged and ordered.

But at twelve o'clock the Secret Society intervened. A careful
grinding of a key in a padlock was followed by an almost noiseless
drawing of bolts and the dropping of chains. And then the door the
System had closed and virtually sealed was opened by the authority of
the Ring. The "One" entered--followed by Peake, the accuser of Convict
Henry Reynell per Coquette, the prisoner lying under condemnation of
the Ring.

The night's conclave was to pronounce Reynell's doom. You may
remember that Reynell had been appointed by Captain Maconochie leader
of the "mutual responsibility" sub-gang attached to 5 B farm, and that
Peake had been one of the four hardened, reckless criminals whom
Reynell had selected to accompany him. "Barrington," an exforger;
Osborne, a gentleman who, to his brother felons' surprise, judges
resolutely refused to hang--all rules have exceptions--and Bill Felix,
a stubborn, country-bred half-brute, were the others of the gang. And
you may remember further that Peake had denounced Reynell to the Ring
because the latter, an ex--soldier, had been so impressed by Captain
Maconochie's unforced kindliness of heart as to defy the Ring and
promise "to be true man" to the Commandant. According to the canons of
the Society, Reynell had thereby grievously offended, and at his
resulting trial had been condemned, Peake and Osborne alone of his
colleagues of the farm voting to remit him to the "Conclave of Doom."

On this Wednesday night, then, Reynell's fate was to be decided, and
Peake, being a member of the dread innermost circle of the "Three,"
had resolved to be present. There was no difficulty in the way of his
attendance. The "mutual responsibility" gangs were free within limits.
By eight o'clock (instead of six as in the dormitories and cells) they
turned in. To be out of their hut after that hour was an offence
against the Regulations, and a violation of the conditions on which
they held the farms. But Mr. Peake reflected that no one would be
likely to know of his breach of good faith except those who would not
"peach." The essence of Maconochie's mutual responsibility plan was
that for an offence of one member of a gang all the other members
suffered, the idea being that while a man would not be deterred from
wrong action by fear of his own punishment, he would be restrained by
regard for his fellows. Even over rascals of Peake's stamp this idea
held sway, and that lump of moral and physical deformity, under
ordinary circumstances, would have gone to the death rather than have
brought Reynell under the whip of the authorities. A defiance of the
Ring was, however, another matter, the wretch reasoned, and
notwithstanding his personal debt to the man he denounced, who had
obtained for him freedom from irons and comparative immunity from
supervision, his stunted intellect perceived but the one duty of
denouncing the fellow who had insulted their noble Society, and of
pursuing him, if the "One" permitted, to the doom. It was for this he
was present.

And if you ask how the "One," and Peake the Three, obtained access to
the Iron Room when the keys were under lock and key in the
Superintendent's office, all we can tell you is that there were but
few prison-locks the "One" could not open.

       *   *   *   *   *

The great chamber, as the chief rulers of the Ring entered it, was
curtained in darkness that might be felt. In some of the other
dormitories a light was permitted after lock-up, but by virtue of
their superior distinction the gentry and nobility of the Iron Room
were left without a glimmer.

Undeterred by the darkness, the One and his companion passed from the
doorway down the middle of the room, as though they were familiar with
every inch of the planking. Nor was it till some moments later that a
strong, vivid flash from a bull's-eye lantern shot, meteor-like, from
the end furthest from the door. The brilliant beam projected its
penetrating stroke through the massy blackness, to the distant corners
and along the walls that were decorated only with "Abstracts of
Regulations," and Forms of Prayer. For a full minute it played on the
occupants of the room, and then, apparently satisfying the person who
held it that all was right, the light was closed again by the lantern-
slide. The mysterious business of the Four might be proceeded with,
for there were no eavesdroppers or unauthorized persons near enough to

The bulk of the transports were crowded together in the corners
nearest to the doors, with their faces turned to the walls, and
between them and the upper end of the room the members of the circles
of "Five," "Seven," and "Nine" patrolled noiselessly in stockinged
feet and "blanketed irons."1 These guards, sentries of a very hell,
crossed the room from bed-place to bed-place. Not a soul was asleep;
and, save the guards, not a body was in motion.

A short space of twelve paces separated the nearest line of guards--
the "Fives"--from the group of four men who supplied the infernal
motive--power to the machinery of the Ring. Thus, as the "One" and the
"Three" communicated only in their "cant" or "flash" dialect,
excepting in the rare cases when the subject matter of their
deliberation passed beyond its far from narrow vocabulary, the
Conclave was held practically in private. Shut in the Four were, by
the conditions which exalted them to their "bad eminence." The "One"
was masked. It would have been the easiest thing for the transports
generally to have discovered his identity. They had but to rush in a
body from the lower end of the room, and, overpowering the guards,
seize the man who exercised over them an authority less questioned
than that of the System. An inclination to such an act, indeed, had
more than once been expressed by a more than ordinarily defiant spirit
among the outsiders, but it had never found general favour. The mass
of convicts felt that the Ring, though occasionally a hard taskmaster,
gave them ample compensation for the tribute of obedience it exacted.
It furnished material for their cramped imaginations and ambitions to
work upon--it supplied an outlet for their sense of natural justice so
consistently outraged by the authorities--it checked and thwarted the
System--it had revenged many of the System's wrongful acts. Nothing to
weaken or endanger the rule of the Ring would ever spring from the
transports generally: of that the "One" and the "Three" felt quite
sure. And so they did not hesitate to exact penances and institute
forms which the legally--constituted authorities dare not have
imitated save at the risk of rebellion. Had the System sent a masked
man into the muster-yard of the ironed men and declared that death
should be the lot of the bold villain who tore the mask from the face,
a score of hands would have clutched at it. What odds the yard had
been turned into an Aceldama, if the System had been defied? Yet the
Ring sent its masked leader, whom nobody but the "Three" knew, and for
the secret of whose identity the System was prepared to pay the price
of an absolute pardon, kept all ready signed and sealed in the
Commandant's desk: no paltry ticket-of-leave--not even the desirable
conditional pardon which conferred liberty within Australian
boundaries; but an absolute gift of freedom and a present of money
besides to carry the informer "home" and to start him in a new life--
the Ring sent this man into the midst of vassals, and they, burning to
know who he was, and tacitly demurring oftentimes to his rule, yet
crushed their curiosity and obeyed him. "The Ring is wonderful!"
exclaimed Dr. Ullathorne to Major Anderson, who had just described the
Ring (from less information than we have) to the young priest.
"Wonderful, sir!" ejaculated the choleric but conscientious
Commandant. "It's damnably annoying besides being wonderful!"

Chapter III.

The masked man knew the "Three"--Johnson and Gooch, inmates of the
Iron Room, and Peake, of 5 B farm gang. Nevertheless, from each he
demanded the password of his circle and the sign of his membership of
the supreme rank but one. At the word being given in a low murmur that
stirred the darkness like a witch's spell, he began the brief Liturgy
of the Conclave.

"For whose service do we meet?" asked the "One."

"In the service of the Devil--the Devil our Lord!" responded the

"But the Devil our Lord is Invisible!"

"Aye, as invisible as death!"

"Yet is death visible?"

"Aye, to those who can see!"

"Then, is our Lord visible?"

"Aye, to those who can see!"

"Then how appeareth he?"

"In thee, O One! O Mighty One! O Thrice Mighty One!"

"Turn thou then, O men of the Circles, men of the mighty Ring, whose
meaning is Unity in Infinity, and do homage to thy chief, to the
vicegerent of thy Lord! Turn thou! Turn thou!"

The men of the Circles, the noiseless patrol, faced the Conclave, and
in the next instant cried as with one voice:

"To thee our Lord Satan do we homage!"

As they cried their hands were upraised. That much could have been
observed, for in that same moment a lurid illumination blazed suddenly
upon the scene and hung a garland of flame upon the brows of these
human demons.

Through the eye-orbits of a human skull apparently suspended in mid-
air, through the opened jaws, through the nasal cavities, and from
every fragment of the bony box that had once held the secrets of a
human brain, grinned a phosphorescent glare. A mere bit of theatrical
mummery, it had a diabolic effect upon weakened nerves already
prepared by an incantation muttered in the solemn hush of midnight to
be sympathetically impressed. It stamped the seal of supernaturalism
upon the ceremonial, and in the perversion of moral sense which
characterized the "Black Norfolkers" as it has marked no other
community these hundreds of years, it was welcomed with a thrill that
had more in keeping with a sensual pleasure than a retributary terror.

Chapter IV.

With the fading of the light the Conclave passed into its most secret

The formal report of the voting in the "Session of Denunciation" was
delivered to the "One" by Johnson, the leader who had presided. And
the "One" required of the "Three" by their oath to him and the Ring,
whether the condemned Henry Reynell had had a fair trial according to
the Society's usage?

And two of the "Three" affirmed that he had. Peake, the third man of
the "Three," as the accuser, was silent.

"Had the accused been notified that he had been condemned after the
trial and in due form?"

Peake affirmed he had borne the message of condemnation "with truth,
without prejudice, without fear, and without favour." The message had
been of necessity sent through Peake, although he was Reynell's
prosecutor, because Peake was the "Threer" having earliest access to
the condemned.

"And the condemned! Does he appeal?"

"No. By his oath to the Society, admits he forfeited allegiance by
promising to be true man to an Establishment officer, but craves, if
the doom be death, one favour."


"That he may not be drowned or strangled, but that having been a
soldier, he may be shot or stabbed."

Then, after a pause, which held possession of this temple of damned
souls as does the tragic interval before the anathema claim the vast
spaces of a cathedral of the Church in the hour of excommunication,
the "One" pronounced the Doom.

"By the power that is mine, by the authority conferred upon one by
our dread Society of the Ring, do I issue my fiat to and make order of
doom upon Brother Henry Reynell under bond to the Crown, upon the
Crown's register No. 37-889 per colonial ship Coquette, and upon the
roll of the Society for this year current, No. 12 of our Circle of

"And the Doom is, That he shall die the death!"

"So be it, O One! So be thy fiat obeyed, O Mighty One! So be thy
order of Doom completed, O Thrice Mighty One!" Thus, in their argt,
responded the "Three"; and when their murmur had been swallowed by the
silence, the "One" went on:

"Who, of his brethren of the Ring, stands nearest to the condemned
Henry Reyne'l in brotherly affection--to whom is he most dear?"

Quaking, shiveringly, Peake made answer: "William Felix, under bond
to the Crown, and on the Crown's register No. 39-204, on our roll No.
20 of Circle of 'Nine,' stands nearest to the condemned."

"Speaketh the deponent truly?"

"The deponent brother speaketh truly within our knowledge," confirmed
the others of the "Three."

"Then let the warrant of doom go forth to Brother William Felix, No.
20 of our Circle of 'Nine,' that he shall do the deed of death within
the circling of a moon's orbit upon his brother the condemned by act
of shooting or by act of stabbing, though the testimony be true that
the condemned is near to him and dear to him--aye, though the
condemned be bone of his bone, blood of his blood, flesh of his flesh,
let him do the deed, on peril of his suffering like doom. And from
this fiat shall there be no appeal, because--"

The "One" waited for the antiphon. It came solemnly from the "Three":

"Our Society has been wounded, and it heals its hurt by blood."

"So cut we off all traitors! So doom we all that ally themselves to
the Law which persecuteth us--the Law which hath given us over to the
living death!"

"So cut we off all traitors! So doom we all that ally themselves to
our persecutors!"

Chapter V.

Then proceeded to its conclusion this mummery. Its rites and
ceremonies--the devices of ingenious and fertile minds compelled by
Fate to that most Sisyphian of all tortures, the working upon
themselves for want of an outlet for their inventive and imaginative
faculties; or of souls capable of forging thunderbolts and of venting
forked lightnings, but condemned by society to the unrelieved,
hopeless misery of petty taskwork--were, as yet, incomplete.

The "One" had to travesty in blasphemous syllables the prayer
commonly used at Norfolk Island executions when a Protestant was to be
hanged. The original prayer was this--

"Oh, Almighty God, who according to the magnitude of Thy mercies
dost so truly put away the sins of those which truly repent, that Thou
rememberest them no more, Open Thine eyes upon this Thy servant who
most earnestly desireth pardon and forgiveness. Remember him, most
Loving Father; whatsoever hath been declared in him by the fraud and
malice of the Devil or by his own carnal wilfulness, do Thou

The infamous parody of that pathetic appeal as recited by the "One"
dare not be quoted. Invert every petition of the original; substitute
the name of the Adversary for that of the Deity; invoke as the cause
of the victim's ruin and death the loving-kindness of God and the
benignity of British Justice, and you will have a faint idea of the
prayer he used. The parody was the richest fruit of the System. Were
you to clothe with literary form the mouthings of the creatures led by
Hbert, as they danced round Lais and Phryne enthroned as Goddesses of
Reason on the desecrated Church altars of Revolutionary Paris, you
would scarcely parallel it in point of blasphemous horror.

The recitation ended, the "One" and "Three" commended themselves and
the Ring to the care of the Lord of Evil, and finally--the Circles
being once more bade to do homage--the Convict Oath was chanted in
chorus. With foot against foot and palm meeting in palm, the Bond of
Obligation was renewed.

Only, there was no drinking of blood from one another's pin-pricked
veins. Was it because of the darkness that the libation was omitted?
Was it because time was passing?

No; the blood was not drunk because, in the presence of a superior
infamy, an inferior shame is superfluous.

        *   *   *    *   *

A "Conclave of Doom," at which was marked the period of some Ringer's
life, fulfilled yet another awful function. It at once elected some
one to the newly-created vacancy. There were always waiting aspirants
for admission to each circle from the grade below it. The man eligible
for promotion from the novices or uninitiates was almost invariably in
attendance, but if his presence could not be secured--say, because he
was in gaol, in Longridge Barracks, or at the Cascades--he was
admitted by proxy, the proxy, one of the initiates, being compelled to
administer the rite to the newly-elected at the earliest opportunity.

Now, Reynell being a "Sevener," the vacancy in "Seven" Circle had to
be filled by the appointment of a "Niner."

Felix, the nominated executioner, was chosen. This step followed the
usage. The executioner, having at supreme risk obeyed the Ring, was
worthy of promotion if the deed of death created a vacancy.

To fill Felix's place and thus complete "Nine" Circle, a novice was
called up by name from the silent, wearied, but docile throng by the
door. As the wretch stumbled in the darkness up the length of the
uneven boards towards the first line of patrols, his movements were
followed by a plaintive wail from Sammy Ward.

"Ain't you going to elect me? It's my turn!" And he was hardly
stopped by the smothered exclamations which burst from those equally
unprivileged with himself. "Hush, you fool! hush!"

The newly-honoured convict reached the first patrol. There he was
stripped--and passed on.

When he came within arm's reach of the "Three," the flash of the
bull's--eye blazed into his face, and, for an instant, blinded him.
This was done to identify him. Once, two years before, when a man had
been called from the outsiders to be graced with his new honours he
grew, at the last moment, craven. The man next him whispered that he
would go in his stead. He did so, and--up to that night the lantern
had not been used for that last flash of identification--was initiated
beneath the cloak of darkness. The next day he claimed, as he was
entitled to do by his rights of admission, instruction in the "cant"
language from an elder member of the Ring. Then he stood revealed as
one who had fraudulently obtained admission to their mysteries. The
morning following he was found dead in his bed-place; obviously
strangled. "But what was the use of an inquiry?" questioned the
Acting-Commandant Bunbury. "To hand the murderer we should have had to
hang one hundred and twenty men!" So the flash of identification
became necessary.

The man passed the scrutiny--he was the right one, the one who had
been called and chosen, and he was initiated.

Gagged in the moment when the light blazed in his face, he could but
writhe in the grasp of two "Fivers," and utter throat noises as the
"One" thrust a hand against his chest, and punctured its skin with, it
seemed, a hundred needle-points. In the shock of pain the neophyte
scarcely knew what followed. Into the hundreds of minute wounds, as
soon as the needles had been withdrawn, was rubbed a handful of
gunpowder. When healed, the scar would describe a solitary circle.
Thus was the symbol of the "Niners" impressed upon its new member.

The impression of the symbol was, however, only the first part of the
ceremony of initiation. What completed it may not be described, nor
even hinted.

Suffice it to say that if by any lucky chance--it was all a business
of pure chance--the neophyte had not to the moment of his initiation
into the Ring committed any capital offence, the completion of the
ceremony placed the rope round his neck. Every member of the Ring was,
by virtue of his membership, liable to be hanged. It was really an
organization of the condemned. And so absolute was the moral ruin of
"Black Norfolkers," that that terrible fact was considered the most
brilliant trophy wrested by the Secret Society from the Law.

Chapter VI.

It was three in the morning before Peake reached the hut on 5 B farm.
His hut-mates--Reynell, Osborne, "Barrington," and Felix--were waiting
for him in a weird, Rembrandtesque half-light--waiting for the news of
the doom. In his walk from the Iron Room to the farm he had passed
three sentry-posts; but the "One" had given the countersign at each,
and the quiver of trepidation with which Peake had come within range
of each soldier's musket had proved quite unnecessary.

Not so, perhaps, the spasm which shook him when he re-entered the
hut. The exhilaration of the ceremony had evaporated, and his sense of
duty to the Ring was overlain by his awakened remorse that he had
betrayed to the death the man who had become surety for his good
conduct, and had thereby obtained for him comparative freedom. From
the remorse sprang the dread that Reynell--already on his way to the
grave--might avenge his betrayal on the betrayer. What would Reynell

For some moments after Peake entered no one spoke. Then the condemned
broke silence.

"Is it--doom, Peake?" he asked.

Peake nodded.

"Who," stammeringly questioned Osborne, "who is the Ketch?"

Peake, with a trembling forefinger, pointed to Felix.

Felix, great hulking lout, bent himself in the shadows, and covered
his face with his gnarled hands.

"An' I'ad promised to be true man for ever an' a day, 'Arry! Yo
brought me here, 'Arry, an' rid me o' the domned clinks, an' it's me
that's to kill tho. I'udn't do it!" He half said, half groaned these

"Then, if yer don't, it's yer doom too, yer know!" breathed Osborne.

"An' I'd take it 'fore I'd break my oath to 'Arry yonder. I'm his
sworn man."

"Yer the Ring's man first!" insisted Osborne.

"Ay, that war I; but there's a way to obey th' Ring an' keep my oath
to 'Arry too!"

Chapter VII.

On the morrow--rather, at a late hour the same day--while the sub-
gang were absent at maize-hoeing, an Establishment officer visited the
hut. Save him, no man entered the hut between the time of the gangers
leaving it and their return. Yet when they came back for their noon-
tide food, one and all of them--fellows who would have laughed at
death had it come from Law and the authorities--changed colour as they
saw on the stone table a scrap of folded paper.

On the outside of the paper was inscribed a single circle, with the
figures "20" in its centre.

On the inside there was no word; only there were inscribed two
circles, so--

In the common centre of these was the roll-number of Henry Reynell--
"No. 12."

And below this symbol of the personality of the condemned was,
stamped in candle-smoke, this--

It was the "One's" signature to his order of doom upon Henry Reynell,
"No. 12" of Circle "Seven," and the warrant was addressed to "No. 20"
of Circle "Nine"--William Felix. It was his roll-symbol which was
marked on the outside of the paper.1

       *   *   *   *   * How Felix obeyed the warrant, and yet
kept faithful to his vow to be sworn man to Reynell, will be told

IV.--The Falling Of The Doom.

Chapter I.

THE Secret Society of the Ring had, in regular conclave, ordered that
Brother William Felix, No. 20, of "Nine" Circle, should, within one
lunar month, stab or shoot to the death Brother Henry Reynell, No. 12,
of "Seven" Circle. Reynell's offence was (as already related) the
promising "to be true man" to Civil Commandant Maconochie. Convict
Bill Felix was a member of the sub-gang of which Convict Henry Reynell
was the leader; and, inasmuch as Reynell had chosen Felix to be a
member of 5 B farm sub-gang, thus freeing him from the constant
wearing of fetters and conferring upon him a desirable degree of
freedom, Felix had sworn to be his (Reynell's) man "for ever and a
day." The tie of fraternity which linked Reynell and Felix thus was
sadly complicated with the obligation of obedience which bound the
latter to the Ring. Let Felix obey the Ring, and he would have to
enact the doom upon the one soul for whom he cared. Let him refuse to
execute the death-warrant issued under the seal of the "One"--the
dread head or "Centre" of the Society--and the doom he refused to
Reynell would be his own. The Ring having given over some one to the
doom, would demand the life of the appointed executioner if he failed
within the specified time to complete his task. In rare instances a
regulation or law of the Society might be modified or altered in
effect. But never in its history had there been known a case where a
death-warrant had been left unfulfilled and the stated executioner had
continued to live. The idol would demand appeasement for its lust, if
not in the person of one victim, in another's.

There is an impressive story as to the working of this Medean law.
Before the existing "One" it is believed three men had filled the
awful office. The second in the administration had been ordered to
murder the then Commandant, Captain Wright. He had acquiesced in the
need for the crime--otherwise the order would not have been ratified.
And, as the "One," it was his duty to perform the doom on the
Commandant. It was a minor but still immutable law of the Ring that
the "old man" should only die by the "One's" hands. The honour was
accorded to him as a privilege of his dignity. Yet Captain Wright
lived to be Major and to give evidence before the Select Committee on
Transportation of the House of Commons. How was that?

Wright had been suddenly recalled to Sydney. The vessel which brought
the summons of recall could not lie off the harbourless island in the
storm--season for longer than a week, and instant preparations for his
departure were set on foot by the Commandant. The news spread--and
twice within the week was his life attempted in vain. He got on board
the vessel safe; thus unknowingly he committed the "One" to the wrath
and vengeance of the Ring; and the Ring demanded its vicarious

Three days after Wright's sailing the body of one of the most
intelligent of the "free" constables was found suspended from a tall
pine. The dead man was supposed to have been in pretty general favour
with the transports and his fellow-officers; hence it was not believed
that he had been murdered, and his death was attributed to suicide.
The military surgeon, who made an examination of the corpse, drew the
attention of the subaltern of the guard to a curious symbol burnt or
tattooed into the flesh of the chest and freshly cut across with a
knife. The scarification was, however, only skin-deep, and had been
done after death. The officers did not recognize at the moment the
significance of the scar.1

It was the symbol of the "One."

Not even the dreaded Head of the Society was free of its penalties.

Chapter II.

Civil Commandant Maconochie, it will be remembered, had, in his
anxiety to acquire a knowledge of the Ring's methods of communication,
been trapped into conveying the report of how certain Ringers had
voted at the trial of Reynell. "Condemnation or Acquittal?"--the
question hung thus in the balance when Maconochie had appeared in the
yard where the Ring Lodge was in "Session of Denunciation." Nine were
for condemnation--for sending on the accused to the "Conclave of
Doom"; but thirteen votes were required by the law of the Secret
Society before the condemnation could be passed. And four votes
Maconochie had been trapped into conveying.

Without knowing the precise bearings of his action, he had learnt
enough to understand that he had given Reynell over to the doom. An
interjection by a Ringer who was a loyal friend to Reynell--strange,
how in this accursed community of felonry, which a noble member of the
House of Lords stated to be deficient in every human attribute,
feelings of affection refused to absolutely die out, and thus prove
his lordship right!--had informed Maconochie of so much. What was the
doom: death, mutilation, or a simple "sending to Coventry"? Maconochie
asked several of the officers of the Establishment, but could gain no
satisfactory answer. "Most likely death!" he was told by the gaoler.
"The Ring didn't think much o' death!"

Herein the gaoler was subject to that tendency to error which
infected all thoughts and beliefs, of whatever nature, held in the
University of Depravity.1 The Ring thought a good deal of death when
that Mighty Leveller was enlisted on their behalf. It was only when
Death acted for the authorities that they snapped their fingers in his
face and jested pleasantly with him. When the Ring used him, he was to
its members an instrument of terror, and they surrounded him in their
imaginations with every ghastly, every agonizing, every horrific
attribute of which the distorted culture of the Society's founders, or
the dark fancies of the most ignorant Ringers--such as those who ever
trembled at the verge of madness--could invent and adapt. But, so
momentous is the alteration in human feeling, which can be effected by
changing the point of view, Death had but to draw his fees from the
Establishment to be sneered at, ridiculed, and derisively welcomed.
Black Norfolkers went sardonically to the grave at the Establishment's
orders, just because the Establishment wished them to do differently.

Chapter III.

Maconochie sent for Johnson, leader at the "Session of Denunciation."

"Have you any objection, sir, to relate the precise significance of
the condemnation which you understand the Ring has passed on prisoner

"'Eaps!" was the laconic rejoinder.

"I beg your pardon! What did you say?"

"'Eaps! I sed I 'av 'eaps of objecshuns."

"Oh!" Then, after a pause, "I believe, Johnson, you have been a
prisoner under the Crown for many years?"

"More'n can count!"

"Yes? Then you must have heard read many times the regulation as to
answering truly and explicitly, and without prevarication or evasion
or denial, all questions put by persons in properly-constituted

"Can't say as I 'av, yer Honour!"


"Yes, yer Honour?"

"I mean to deal fairly and kindly with every man on the Island--but I
will have truth-speaking. I never forgive a lie, except it is uttered
under the influence of terror!"

"In wot 'av I lied, yer Honour?"

"You said you had never heard the regulation enforcing--"

"Savin' yer Honour's presence, I said nothink o' the kind! Yer
arsked me 'ad I 'erd it read. Well, I never did! I've 'erd it mumbled
ev'ry Sunday since I was a kinchin--but never 'erd it read wunst.
There ain't no 'Stablishment orf'cer as can read--unless it's
yerself." The rascal grinned in enjoyment of his own satire.

"You know the meaning of the regulation--what it enforces--however?"

"O'course: to answer th' truth, th' 'ole truth, an' nothink but th'
truth w'en 'terrogated by 'Stablishment orf'cer."

"Then answer me, sir." (Not imperatively, but with a studied
politeness, did Maconochie now speak.) "What judgment--what 'doom' as
you call it--has your Society ordered upon Reynell?"

Johnson gazed reflectively at the ceiling. He passed his right hand
over the corrugations of his forehead, and drew it down the scarred
and weather--blighted cheeks to the stern, square jowl that had
gripped numberless groans of agony in their utterance, and bid them be
dumb. Then he said:

"Mr. Com'dant, Pa'son Taylor tells us that w'en th' higher law
conflicts wi' th' lower, we must allus obey th' higher--allus th'
higher. Do th' pa'son's views meet wi' yer approval, sir?"

The Commandant, already once trapped by Johnson, was dubious of the
fair seeming of the interrogation, and declined to answer directly.

"Answer my question!"

"Wi' orl respecks, y'r Honour, I can't till I know wot to obey--that
as is th' higher law or that as is th' lower!"

"There is no question of higher or lower law here, my man--none. It
is merely a matter of answering my question. What is Reynell's doom?"

"That's w'ere yer an' me jest differ, y'r Honour. 'Tis orl a matter
o' higher an' lower law. If I answer th' question, I obey th' law o'
th' System. If I don't answer it, then I obey th' law o' th' Ring, an'
I'd 'av y'r Honour know as fur me an' sech as me 'tis th' Ring's law
as is highest law."

Again the fellow's lips parted and his cheeks wrinkled in a gleeful
defiance of authority.

"You're talking foolishly," rejoined the Commandant, bearing the
implied taunt with a patience of tone and manner that, if he had only
known it, was more likely to penetrate to Johnson's better nature than
any number of authority-phrased words; "you're twisting Mr. Taylor's
sayings to suit your own purpose. Mr. Taylor meant, no doubt, that
when human law conflicts with the moral law of conscience or revealed
law, then the latter, as the higher law, must be obeyed."

No more unfortunate admission could have been made by a System's
officer; and the ingenious Johnson, whose naturally sharp wits the
attrition of adversity had ground to remarkable keenness, while
wearing away the moral part of him, eagerly seized the opportunity
thus offered of making an embarrassing criticism on the System.

"That's jest it, y'r Honour--that's th' very identical thing as I
mean. Now, th' System's laws an' reg'lashuns is th' lower law, an' our
laws an' reg'lashuns--th' Ring's laws, that is--they're th' higher,
'cos--But will yer 'ear th' reason, yer Honour?"

"Go on--though you are talking insubordinate nonsense. I will hear
what you have to say!"

"This is th' reason. Th' Ring's law is th' moral law 'cos it's
founded on justice!" He stooped, and, placing his hands on his knees,
crooked his head so as to glare impishly into the Commandant's face to
watch the effect of his words, or rather of those he left unsaid.

For not what the wretch said but what he left unsaid stung the
Commandant. The implication was clear. The System was not founded upon
justice. And in his heart of hearts Maconochie knew the accusation was
true. Penalties British law justly provided for those who offended
against it, but then British law proposed only to punish, and not to
give over the offenders to "unusual punishment" and utter corruption.
The System did this, however--and the taunt went home. But, what could
Maconochie do? Argument imperilled his authority, and, after all, he
did not invent the System. So--

"You decline to answer what is Reynell's doom?"

"Aye, y'r Honour, 'cos th' Ring forbids me!"

"You know I can inflict penalties upon you for refusing to answer my
plain interrogatory?"

"Short o' puttin' me into an 'oss' necklace, yer can, sir. But yer
won't punish me!"

"Why?" Against his judgment, the Commandant put the inquiry. Similar
remarks had been made to him before by men up for punishment, but
invariably they had been uttered in suppliant or cringing tones. This
fellow, however, spoke with the confidence of knowledge.

"W'y? 'Cos yer know wot I ses is true. An' 'cos, although yer an
orf'cer o' th' Systum, yer 'art ain't in the Systum's way o' doin'
things. That's w'y, sir. Yer ain't been long 'nuff 'ere to 'a changed
th' 'art o' a man fur th' 'art o' a beast. Yer know who said that, y'r

Maconochie nodded.

"Yes, o' course yer do. It struck th' 'ol man, 'im as was jest a-
chuckin' o' us into Jack Ketch's mouth like so many sweeties--lor, 'e
did love to keep th' carpenters an' gravediggers a-goin', did Billy
Burton!--it struck even him orl o' a 'eap! But 'e was wrong 'bout it--
an' so is Taylor, an' so are yer, an' everybody else as 'erd o' wot
poor Kavenagh said!"

"Wrong--how do you mean?"

"Wot did Kavenagh say? 'When I landed 'ere I 'ad th' 'art o' a man,
but yer 'av plucked it out an' planted a brute's 'art instead!' That's
wot he ses, an' th' jedge an' everybody thinks it's true o' th'
pris'ners only. But, man"--he gathered breath to hurl at Maconochie,
with greater emphasis, a bitter conclusion--"them words war truer o'
th' 'Stablishment orf'cers. Th' System finds orl its orf'cers men, an'
leaves 'em orl brutes! Orl o' we don't get 'ardened, but there ain't
one o' yer wot doesn't!"

Chapter IV.

Foiled by Johnson in his attempt to discover the fate in store for
Reynell, Maconochie met with no more success when he interrogated the
members of the farm sub-gang to which Reynell and Felix belonged.
Peake, Osborne, and "Barrington" each frankly enough declared he knew
quite well about the order of doom, but as for telling his Honour--
well, the Ring wouldn't allow him.

"If anything happens to Reynell, I shall charge you as an accessory,"
said the Commandant to each. And the threat was laughed at. Better the
vengeance of the System than the vengeance of the Ring. The former
could only hang them--the latter could do more: it could kill them
after a ceremony of execration. They were frightened of the last.

From Felix the Commandant received his one fragment of consolation.
"I be 'Arry Reynell's sworn man, y'r Honour! An' no harm 'ud 'appen
unto him if Bill Felix can stop ut wi' life nor limb." And, somewhat
reassured, Captain Maconochie went then to Reynell himself.

The man was hoeing. He had stopped for a moment to rest, and stood
gazing towards the sea and over the township, which was semi-veiled in
a lustrous mist, as though Nature would hide from the eye of Heaven
the halls where the devil and the System held their joint revels. On
the soft earth the Commandant's steps were inaudible, and the
transport did not know of the official's approach till he was


The convict started, and turned round. He "capped" instantly, and, in
the same gesture, Maconochie saw that he had dashed away a tear from
his eyes.

"Good-morning, Reynell! The gang making satisfactory work?"

"Yes, sir. I think so! With a fair crop, the Com'sariat 'll have to
pay them a good many marks."1

Them--why not "us"? Maconochie was quick to notice the substitution
of the word.

"Why 'them,' Reynell? Why don't you, who are the leader and director
of the gang, join yourself with the others?"

"Oh," with a marked hesitation, and a quivering of the lips that told
of an inward agitation, "'twas a slip, sir!"

Maconochie stepped forward and laid a hand, with kindly pressure, on
the transport's shoulder.

"No, Reynell, it was no slip! It meant that already you are
separating yourself in thought from your fellow-gangers--it meant that
you are under doom of death from the Ring!"

The condemned flamed out into sudden anger. Such strange tricks does
the fancy play with a certain order of superstitious minds, that he
was jealous that the secret of the Society he thought so much of as to
submit himself quietly to its fatal will, should be thus known to an
outsider, and that outsider one of the accursed Establishment. "Who
told you that?"

"No one. I inferred it--partly from what passed last Sunday--you
heard I was present?--and partly from what you say was a 'slip.' Come,

All the patience, all the forbearance, all the tenderness that it was
possible for one man--a superior--to extend to his inferior,
Maconochie caused to vibrate in his voice. The prisoner, bringing
himself in the sudden impulse of surprise to face the Commandant,
showed in the workings of his features how the "Harry" had stirred

"Tell me," Maconochie went on, "if not the doom, how I can help you
to escape it. Remember, my friend, that I brought this on you!

"No!" In a low, choking guttural.

"Oh, but yes! I cannot forget that it was because you swore to be a
true man to me, and thereby helped me nobly in what I regard as my
mission here, that you are under the ban of the Ring. Therefore, as
through me you broke, it would appear, the Society's law, it is only
right that through me aid shall come to you."

"There can--be no--aid, sir! All's up!" Reynell let his head fall on
his chest. The action was that of a tired man, of an over-wearied
bearer of a burden; there was nothing abject in it.

"No. I pledge you my word, Reynell, that I will get you out of this

"'Tis no trouble, sir!"

"Listen, sir! I brought you into this quarrel with the Ring because I
wanted--well, I wished to count you as one of the trophies of my new

"Beggin' your pardon for interruptin' y'r Honour, an' it's good of
you to put it that way, but it's not true--an' it's no use! I'm
doomed--doomed!" And then, with something of that saucy contempt for
life which had made him before Maconochie's advent a centre of
insubordination, he went on: "It's not that I'm afraid of death--not a
bit of it! No Ringer is--few of us are!" He waved his hand so as to
embrace in its sweep the whole group of Kingston buildings--the
dormitories, the gaol, and the exercise and work yards. "None of us
are! But no one likes death at the hands of the Ring, for it's
disgrace--and besides--"


"Yer won't think me a softy, sir, will yer, for saying it? but I've
of'n thought of late--" Again he paused, stumbling for an expression.
Maconochie waited.

"I've thought that, p'r'aps, life wouldn't be such a bad thing--if
one only had--a chance to keep square!"

Maconochie's heart leapt within him. Here was proof that he was in
the right! Bring a creature, however hardened to all seeming, within
the circle of human interests and brotherly charities; re-clothe him
with manhood and individuality; refuse to treat him longer as a mere
Number, as a Thing to occupy a line in returns, as an Object of
offence to the Law, and, therefore, to have his badness whipped out of
him by the Law's agents; let the unforced music of a kind word sound
in his ears; do these, and the fountains of a vigorous life would
burst impetuously and imperiously from the core of his nature. This
was his theory--here was the successful application of it!

He clasped the transport's hand. "You're right, Reynell--you're
right, Harry! Life is worth living--the struggle to make yourself a
better man will make it so to you! I'll help you all I can, by
removing you out of the reach of pressure from the Ring--"

"You're very good, sir," muttered the convict, "but it's too late!"

"It's never too late to repair the past, Harry!"

"Yes, 'tis--in my case. For--look here, sir--can I trust yer
Honour--yer Honour's honour to keep this secret what I'm about to tell

"If you insist upon it--yes!"

"I do--I do! Why 'tis too late is this--if I don't die, the chap
who's to settle me will. That's Ring law!"


"'Tis gospel true, sir! An' that's why I've got to bear the doom!"

"I will send you up to Phillip Island yonder till the brig arrives,
and then I will despatch you to Sydney," Maconochie said, confronted
with this new revelation of the Ring's potency.

"No use, sir. If I don't die, the chap 'll who's to settle me. An'
besides, they'd reach me there!"

"I will take you into my household and give you a special guard!"

"The cooks'd poison my rations!"

"I'll send you food from my own table!"

"To reach me they'd poison you and your family."

"Are they devils?" burst out the Commandant, losing self-restraint
for the moment.

"Aye, they are that! But who made'em so--who made us so?--for I'm one
o'them, sir. The System!" And then, after a pause, while Maconochie
rocked himself on his heels in acute distress at these ever-recurring
assaults upon the administration of which he was the head, he resumed:

"No, y'r Honour; I joined the Ring wi' my eyes open. I was eager to
make a break in my life--it was all work an' punishment, an' sleep,
an'devilry, an' then devilry, an' sleep, an' punishment an' work over
again--an' the Ring makes a change. An' I'm not goin' beyond Ring
custom, especially as my breakin' away would let another chap in for
the doom."

"Tell me who he is, and I'll send him away too!"

Reynell laughed. "You don't know the Ring, Captain Maconochie! Twenty
years off, if that chap's a true Ringer an' met me, he'd do for me
then! No, sir, let it be. P'r'aps I'm better dead than alive. I can't
do any more harm dead!"

Chapter V.

Maconochie, with the taste of ashes in his mouth, left the farm, but
instantly despatched an overseer with an escort of a sergeant and four
men, and had Reynell locked in a cell, pending his despatch to Phillip
Island, where it was his intention to send him. As the escort passed
into Pine--lane--a pine-framed avenue leading from the Settlement to
Long-ridge--Bill Felix met them as he was on his way to the hut. As he
stood aside and saluted the overseer, he glanced inquiringly at the
prisoner. Reynell read the glance, and in the Ring language assured
Felix to be under no alarm. "If Felix could not execute the order of
doom before the twenty-eighth day (a fortnight had still to elapse),
he, the condemned, would perform the 'cross-road trick."' Which was--
suicide. The Ring should be obeyed; the idol should not be
disappointed of its victim.

        *   *   *   *   *

A week passed. Under the supervision of two soldiers--one for day and
the other for night duty--Reynell was lodged in the solitary hut on
Phillip Island. And Bill Felix, appointed executioner, knew that his
own--or Reynell's--time was drawing near. Peake, Osborne, and
"Barrington"--none had spoken to him of the imminent event; to have
done so would have violated a regulation of the Society; and yet he
knew it was an hourly question with them as to the manner in which he
would perform the doom. He smiled to himself at the way he would obey
the Ring while disappointing it.

Several more days passed. Maconochie himself was on the alert with
his telescope at seven o'clock in the morning and five in the
afternoon when the sentry on Phillip Island would fire off his musket
and thus give the "all's well" signal. Although the distance between
Norfolk and Phillip was but two miles and a furlong, the surf fringing
either island made the boat--passage dangerous, and as the Commandant
did not feel justified in despatching a boat to the rock save on every
third day, he had arranged the gun-fire signal. The report could not
be heard, but with a spy-glass the flash could be seen. Flag signals
from Phillip's had been discontinued since they had been worked by
convicts to destroy a boat's crew.

For seven days the report-speaking musket was fired morning and
evening, and Maconochie felt hopeful. He had got it into his head, in
spite of what he had learnt, that if the month would pass without the
violent death of either Reynell or some other prominent villain being
reported, the doom would pass also. And to-morrow would end his
suspense. He would send a boat over in the morning.

But on the morrow he himself missed the observation of the musket-
fire. He was busy investigating the cause of death of William Felix,
No.39204 per Coromandel, shot dead by the sentry at the outer gaol-

Chapter VI.

Bill Felix, with no room in his head for two ideas at one and the
same time, had been at first strangely confused by the conflict of the
obligations to which he had subjected himself. The Ring held by grips
of steel which would not relax, and yet his vow to Reynell tugged at
his heart. Reynell had chosen him, Felix, from among seven score of
men in irons, and had freed him from "them domned clinks," which,
encircling his ankles, bit with their subtle corrosion also into his
vitals. Most prisoners chafed physically under the compression of the
irons; but others--and curiously enough these were not exclusively the
naturally refined class--fretted savagely under it both in body and
soul. Men who, before exile, had spent their existence for the most
part out of doors, in the delicious enfranchisement of wild nature--
men who had been shepherds and farm labourers, poachers and
gamekeepers, gipsies of the land, or those gipsies of the sea, the
merchant-sailors--were fettered doubly. And ex-farm hand Felix--"an
incendiary monster," Sir William Follett called him at Manchester
Assizes--who had been one of a crowd which burnt a farmer's ricks, and
who had as much evil in his nature before transportation as he had
intellect, refused to love his chains. They tortured and burnt him.
"Oh, Mister," he had said to Major Ryan, Maconochie's predecessor,
"tak' th' domned clinks off, an' yo can flog me week in an' week out,
an' yo 'ud!" What Commandant Ryan had refused to do, Transport Reynell
had virtually done. Therefore, with the best elements of him, he
thanked Reynell--adored him--was prepared to sacrifice himself for
him. And in his case, as in most others, affection cleared the wits,
and enabled him to perceive the paramount duty.

To the Ring he was bound by respect, fear, terror. To the condemned,
he, the executioner of the Ring, was linked by love and gratitude.
During that four weeks' reprieve, the debate went on between his poor,
dulled brain and his quickened heart. And as the day of doom drew
near, so did his apprehension of how he should satisfy the doom become
the more distinct. At last he saw his course of action.

It was midnight on the last night but one. Within twenty-four hours
must the doom fall, or he himself be condemned and for ever accursed
in the annals of the Ring. As he rose from his bunk in the hut on 5 B
farmstead he quivered superstitiously in the ghostly darkness. The
moon was not yet up; and he had a long--oh, so long a way to go in the
myriad-shaped blackness of the night. "An' he war terr'ble afeard o'
th' neet!"

"Be you sleepin', Peake?" he whispered to the hut-mate who slept on
the same side as himself.


"I be--off--t' do ut, Peake!"

"That's a good cove, Bill, an' ye shall come up higher in the Ring
quicker for it!"

Was it fancy alone that thrilled Peake's ears with the words, "Gord
forbid!" or did Felix really breathe them? The scoundrel fell asleep
again while trying to solve the problem as to whether his hearing had
deceived him.

Chapter VII.

Along the pine-bordered lane--a tunnel to hold in the bleak blasts--
passed Bill Felix. Gibbering shapes walked with him, "t'owd squoire
an' pa'son, an' mither an' feyther from th' whoam village," and dead
and gone brother Ringers, and at least one of the three constables to
whose death he had been an accessory. They shrieked at him in the
gusts that shook the branches of the tall pyramidal pines, and he
heard their sobs plainly in the sound of the sullen surf. He could
have sworn some of them laid hold upon him; and great drops of
perspiration beaded his forehead and soaked his peakless cap. The
wonder was that he did not turn back in sheer affright. But the blind
mute impulse which not rarely wins men to heroism when their wills bid
them act the coward, held him to his path.

By Government House, the sentinel's shadow silhouetted by the door--
lamp on the white garden-wall as he stood in front of the thirty-two-
pound gun on the slope, startled him afresh. "O Gord!" he gasped. He
had forgotten that by his oath to the Ring he should have called on

Past the Deputy-Assistant-Commissariat-General's cottage he
stumbled, the scents of rose-tree, spiceplant, and magnolia from the
carefully-tended garden banishing for a second some of his dread. He
would have liked to have plucked a banana to refresh his parched lips,
but dare not jump the fence. He did not want a bullet before his time.

Over the culvert by the Commissariat offices, creeping down by the
low wall fearful that the soldier posted there might see him cross the
fanshaped beam of light from the one unblinded window, he reached the
Grass-plot. He paused then, leaning against the palisade that
surrounded the flag-staff. He heard, rather than saw, the balled flag
rustle softly as it hung suspended against the foot of the mast. He
would have spat upon it could he have reached it. But he could curse
it. To-morrow--nay, this very morning--the ball of bunting would run
up quickly to the truck and would reveal itself magnificently as the
Union Jack at the precise hour, perhaps, the requisition went in for
his coffin. So he cursed it, beneath his breath.

At last he stood within a yard's length of his goal. See that narrow
stream of light, shooting outwards from midway up that great rim of
massy blackness? It projects from the loophole of the guard-tower at
the north--eastern angle of the gaol. Six feet above the loophole
stands, as Bill knows well, a soldier, with firelock ever ready; mute
himself, save at half-hour intervals when he hurls into the night a
grim, ironical "All's well!" or, more rarely, when he issues a
challenge; and his old Brown Bess is mute too--till there is occasion
for her to speak. A pace and a half, and Bill would be visible in the
flash of light. Thirty-six inches this side of Eternity! And he had
always calculated that it would take a drop of ten feet to dislocate
his neck. Decidedly death was nearer this way than from the scaffold--
by six feet or thereabouts!

Would Reynell do him justice? Would the Ring? Would the Ring, after
all, think he was shot by mischance, instead of from his own purpose?
"God!"--again! He had never thought of that! Would his sacrifice be
all in vain, then? Suppose that the Ring still held Reynell to his
doom? "God!"

In the agony of doubt he must have exclaimed aloud. Suddenly the
challenge parted the darkness.

"Who goes there?"

He did not give himself time for another thought; he stepped boldly
into the light.

"Who goes there? Answer, or I fire!"

"Fire, an' be domned t' tha!"

He challenged Fate as well as the soldier. And both answered.

         *    *   *    *   *

When they bore him into the guard-room he was still alive. He gasped
two sentences. "Yo'll tell--Pe--ake--this be th' doom. An' give my
lo--ave t' 'Arry Reynell, 'ull yo?" and in a little while passed out
of the ken of an aggrieved System.

Maconochie, bending to view the wound, saw that the ball had entered
between the rims of two circles described on the man's chest. One--the
larger--was an old scar; the other--the inner circle--was still of a
festering newness. The latter was the symbol of Bill's recently gained
membership of No. 7 Circle.

"Bony" Anderson,1 from the signal-station on Mount Pitt, came down to
report that there had been no gun-fire from Phillip's at seven
o'clock. A boat was despatched, and returned with the body of a
suicide. Bill Felix's sacrifice was in vain, after all. Harry Reynell
had anticipated the doom. 1 At Norfolk Island it was the awful custom
among the more hardened convicts to invert the meaning of "good" and
"bad." A "good man" was a notorious criminal; a "bad" one was a man
who sought to act honestly and purely.  2 Transported for rick-
burning--a follower of "Swing," the supposititious criminal who, at
the period of the agricultural depression of the Early Thirties, was
accused by the peasants of setting farmers' ricks and barns on fire.
1 The theory of the writer as to the personality of the "One" will be
disclosed in the story which follows, "The Conclave of Doom." The
question of "One's" identity baffled Marcus Clarke, and the writer
might, therefore, have been excused for attempting an answer; but he
will venture to propose a solution.  1 Mr. Gladstone thus alluded to
the cause of the breaking-up of the Island penal establishment.  1
"Blanketed irons."--Pieces of blanketing were wrapped round the
fetters to prevent noise.  1 For these illustrations of the symbolism
of the Ring--indeed, for almost the whole of his knowledge of the
Secret Society's ritual and ceremonial--the writer is indebted to a
venerable (using the word in its literal sense) man, who, though an
ex--"Norfolker," was an esteemed correspondent of the late Dr.
Ullathorne, R. C. Archbishop of Birmingham. 1 It is supposed that the
incident here related was the origin of an order once issued by John
Price by which every "bond" and "free" constable was required to
present himself stripped for examination by a medical officer at
certain periods. The "bond" constables had no alternative but
obedience, but the "free" officers, almost to a man, refused to submit
to periodical inspection as degrading. They appealed to the Governor
in Van Diemen's Land, who upheld the objection, in their case, "till
Mr. Price could show specific reason for the proposed course in the
interests of discipline." Price replied in (for him) a remarkably
indiscreet manner--in what was known as a "Semi-official
communication"--by alleging that it was necessary to find out from
time to time "whether officers' personal marks varied." Thereupon Mr.
Price received one of the few snubs of his official career. 1
"University of Depravity."--Archbishop Whately, in his speech to the
House of Lords, of May 1840, on his motion for the abolition of
Transportation, thus described Norfolk Island. 1 "Marks."--Any surplus
crop over the rental paid to the Establishment by the mutual-
responsibility gangs for their farms was bought, in Maconochie's
system, by the Government, and paid for in marks. The marks went
towards the purchase of absolute or conditional freedom. 1 "Bony"
Anderson: the ex-man-o'-war's man whom the System chained on Goat
Island, Sydney Harbour, as a warning to his brother-transports, and a
source of pleasure to Sydney Sunday excursionists. Maconochie made him
a signalman.


Chapter I.

THERE is no doubt that the place was originally devoted to the
purpose implied by its name. But history everywhere is prolific of
instances in which an institution or thing has been perverted from an
originally admirable purpose to a base use.

Captain Piper designed it--Captain Piper, the genial officer of the
New South Wales Corps who was so beloved of John Macarthur; afterwards
the Naval Officer whose accounts resolutely refused to balance because
he had been so obliging as to allow duties payable by his friends to
"stand over" indefinitely; and, later still, the free-handed squire of
a Bathurst estate. He was Commandant of Norfolk Island in the years
immediately preceding the removal of the Island settlers to their new
and poorer homes in Van Demonia. It was his invention.

Eight by six by ten in dimensions; four hundred and eighty cubic feet
in capacity. How many bushels of wheat and maize would that contain?

We do not know; all that we can assert is that twenty-two years after
Captain Piper had departed from the Island, this eight by six by ten
excavated chamber, with the stone floor, and stone walls, and stone
ceiling--this windowless room with but one solitary aperture, and that
in the roof--was occupied by--what? Stores of maize? Stores of wheat?
Bags of ration sugar?

No; nothing so precious. By two convicts.

Chapter II.

Piper had designed the chamber to store surplus grain. Again and
again had Government barns and store-buildings been broken open by
prisoners who insubordinately declined to starve while the stores held
stocks of food--stuff, and who preferred a short shrift and a long
rope to an empty stomach. And, therefore, Captain Piper resolved to
defeat the mutinous and starving rascals. He had this chamber dug
out--built in with stone--closed with an iron door in the roof, which
door turned upon a pivot and was fastened by padlocked clamps. When he
had filled the granary with grain, he favoured it with additional
protection by sentries. And, upon the whole, the Captain's plan was
successful. Not more than one prisoner died from actual starvation
during the period the granary was full of a reserve stock in case the
store-ship with supplies from the Old Town failed to make the Island
in due course. And he, it is believed, died because he was forgotten.
They locked him up in the old gaol cell and quietly overlooked him for
ten days. And when they remembered him he had gone to report himself
to the authorities of a Higher System.

But that incident is by the way.

Wright was Commandant. And when he took charge he found, in the
course of an examination one day, an iron door level with the earth
and rusted in its socket of stone. He wondered what it could be for
just so long as it took to send a soldier for the blacksmith, and for
the time the blacksmith was engaged in forcing the clamps. When the
iron plate was made to revolve upon its pin, Captain Wright--a
Ghoorka, in after years, let the life out of his body in a vain
attempt to find the ex-Commandant's heart--looked down into the
cavity, smelt its exhumed mustiness, and, gleefully, smote his thigh
with his gloved hand.

"The very thing!" he exclaimed, "the very thing!"

"Sir?" questioned Overseer Cook, who was in respectful attendance.

"This will do for Freeman and Hansen, Cook. No chance of their
getting out of here!"

Not being an officer and gentleman, and not, therefore, wholly
intoxicated with the absolutism of power, Overseer Cook shuddered. He
was an instance of the square peg in the round hole. Transported for
some aimless ranting in a London street over the Peterloo massacre, he
was tried under one of the Six Acts, and awarded, in recognition of
his patriotism, seven years' residence across the seas. On securing
his certificate of freedom, he became a clerk attached to Sydney
Police Office, and on the re-settlement of Norfolk Island as a penal
establishment, was appointed an overseer. He was at once an exception
to one rule and an illustration of another. An ex-convict who became
an overseer generally so acted that, between himself and an average
"officer and gentleman" acting as commandant, there was little to
choose in respect of brutality. Cook was an exception to this rule.
But the rule that a man transported for seditious utterances--for
permitting scorching words to pour forth from the volcano of a heart
which burnt with a fiery pity for the poor, and a fiery contempt for
the social conditions which held the poor in bondage--proved a genial
taskmaster to prisoners when clothed with authority, this he
illustrated daily. Cook, with every temptation to be otherwise,
remained kind-hearted.

He shuddered, and ventured to hint a remonstrance.

"You don't mean, sir, do you, to put those pris'ners here?"

"I do, Cook. What's the use of gaoling them or flogging' em? No use
at all! The scourgers sooner take a flogging themselves than give 'em
the lash hearty, and till I build the new gaol, to put 'em into gaol
is only to contaminate every man Jack there. I thought of
marooning'em, but I didn't want to lose six or eight lives in getting
'em to the Phillip or Nepean. If any lives were lost in the surf,
'twouldn't be Freeman's or Hansen's. They're both bound to be

"But, sir, this vault was never intended for a gaol. According to the
talk of the old hands, it must have been a grain-store."

"Grain-store or not, I'll use it for those ruffians. A brace of
staples apiece driven in, and twenty-pound trumpeters,1 will hold 'em
in, or else my name isn't Wright."

"But, sir--" Cook, maudlinly inclined to take a humane view of
things, stumbled in his speech.

"Well, sir?" demanded the Commandant, sharply.

"What objection have you to the course I suggest? We don't want to
place for maize, for we have none, and we do want another punishment

"Well, Commandant, I was only thinking--"

"Go on, damn it, go on! Don't be all day blurting out your old
womanish ideas--I know 'tis something of that sort you have to say.
I've heard of you, Cook, before! What the devil Gov'ment meant by
sending me bread-and--butter misses who turn sick at a flogging and
faint at the use of the tube--gag on the biggest scoundrels unhung, I
don't know."

"Well, sir!" responded Cook, with a new firmness in his voice that
told how he resented the insult, "I was thinking that since that new
paper had been started in Sydney 'tis scarcely safe--I say it with all
respect--to venture upon unusual punishments."

Wright's language here became unreportably florid. Who on the Island
dared to let the Grub-street hacks know of any of his doings, would do
so at his peril! And within the limits of his letter of appointment he
could punish how and in what way he chose short of mutilation of limb
or deprivation of life! And if he had only the press writers there
he'd teach 'em to set just authority at defiance and to slander
honourable officers--yes, he'd teach 'em, the scurrilous crew of
penniless scribblers, who only existed because Gov'ment would not
deign to notice their existence!

So, with much garnish of adjectives, spoke the Commandant. And he
ended by daring Overseer Cook to communicate a single word of Island
intelligence to the journals of the Old Town, and by ordering him to
instantly prepare the granary for the reception of those mutinous and
conscienceless rascals, Freeman and Hansen.

Chapter III.

The Overseer, having no choice, obeyed. When the door or valve of the
chamber had been opened some hours, he lowered into it a lighted
candle. The flame flickered feebly as the candle touched the floor,
but did not go out. The fact eased Cook's conscience somewhat. After
all, men could not be suffocated there.

Then carefully, rope-held, he dropped through the aperture and
examined the vault. Obviously it had been used as a grain-store. The
floor was strewn with maize and wheat-grains. And with equal certainty
it had never been appropriated to the purposes of a prison. Cook, as
he gasped painfully in the heavy humidity of the atmosphere, reflected
that the fact was surprising, for he thought the System was
ingeniously eager to introduce into Norfolk Island the most approved
methods of the Bastille. And here surely was a chamber that would not
have been unfit lodging for the most dangerous State criminal ever
honoured by a lettre de cachet. The wonder was not that it was now to
be used for a prison, but that it had not been so appropriated before.

Eight feet long, six in width, ten feet from the middle of the floor
to the edges of the opening in the roof, and nine feet high walls
curving slightly to their centre. And when the valve was closed,
though outside the magnificent sun shone from the dome of a cloudless
sky, darkness palpable and terrifying. Cook cried out to the men above
to open the valve; it was but a second before the plate revolved on
the pivot; but in that instant the Overseer felt himself blanching. It
was a tomb.

He could not hold in his emotion. Withdrawn by the rope, he threw
himself upon the ground in an attitude of prayer. "Christ!" he prayed,
"Christ! let no men be imprisoned there!"

And he sent the smith, who had come up with ring-bolts and chisels,
back to his forge. "Not to-day, George--not, at least, till I have
seen the Commandant again."

The smith returned to his workshop to relate "Cook's prayer" as a
good joke, and the two prisoner-police, who formed the Overseer's
personal staff, told of the matter in their enlightened circle, and at
dinner at Government House, Captain Wright delighted the surgeon, and
the subaltern, and the commissary with his version of the incident.

"And what have you done with the canting cove, Captain?" questioned
the Deputy-Assistant-Commissary-General.

"Done! Well, he's packing up by this time, I don't doubt. He's
resigned, and returns to the city by the brig next week."

"Phew!" exclaimed the D.A.C.G. "That's hot, Wright! Is he going to
make a fuss about it?"

"Gad! I don't know nor care. Why should I care what a psalm-singing
lag of a constable should say about me? My word will be taken by the
authorities, I should hope, before his!" His Honour the Commandant
displayed a dignified aspect, and spoke in a confident tone, as though
he could safely anticipate in advance an honourable acquittal from any
charge that might be preferred against him.

"Yes, but," delicately hinted the D.A.C.G., "'tis not the Chiefs.
'Tis that wretched Australian and Monitor. There would be the rub if
the fellow took particulars to them."

"Sir," replied the Commandant, superbly conscious of his power, "if
Wardell or Hayes or Hall dare impugn my conduct, I'll challenge the
first and indict the others for criminal libel."1

"But," persisted the Commissariat, who was, for sundry reasons
connected with contracts, not at all desirous that the light of
publicity should beat upon the Gehenna of the waters, "suppose--er--
what--er--they say is true!"

"True, sir!" The Captain was nearly forgetting his courtesy as a
host, so heated did he become. "I'd have you know that every action of
mine I'm prepared to justify in any court of the Empire. But, passthe
wine--we've had more than enough talk about two common pris'ners!
Let's forget 'em!"

Chapter IV.

It would have been well for those infamous prisoners, Freeman and
Hansen, if they had passed utterly from the great man's mind.
Unfortunately for them, however, the statement Captain Wright made in
evidence before the Supreme Court at a later day, "that he could not
charge his conscience with having overlooked any man on the Island,"
was quite true--a thing not to be said of other portions of his
testimony. He perfectly remembered them the next morning.

"Reports, sir!" deferentially remarked (with a salute) the gaoler.

"Yes, Thorpe. I'm ready to take them."

Mr. Thorpe opened his report-book.

"Freeman, sir--foul language and threatening to assault constable who
took him his food."

"Pass Freeman for the present. I propose to deal with him in a new

"Yes, sir. Greene, sir. Found in possession of improper article, sir.

"I thought he was celled?"

"So he is, sir. No 5!"

"And ironed?"

"Trumpeters--fifteens--and wall-cuffs."1

"Then how the devil"--the insulted feelings of the offended System
breathed in the Commandant's tones--"did Greene get the tobacco? Some
of your men to blame there, Thorpe!"

"No, sir, 'm quite sure o' that. The sentries passed it--" Thorpe
paused. He had forgotten that here, with the civil and military
command vested in the one person, it was scarcely a wise thing to play
the game so familiar to other settlements, of blaming the military for
the lches of the "establishment."

"Now, Thorpe, be careful. I'll have none of this accusation of the
garrison to excuse neglect on your own part or corruption on your
men's. Where's the tobacco? Is it produced?"

"No, sir. Th' pris'ner swallowed it, sir! I was goin' rounds after
breakfast, and No. 5 stands up and gulps something down, and I knew
'twas tobacco by the smell of his breath."

"Did you charge him?"

"Of course, sir; but, of course, he denies. He said it was a bit of
crust left from breakfast that he was chewing."

"Oh, a likely story that! You're sure of the smell?"

"Quite, your Honour!" affirmed Thorpe, a tall, fresh-faced ex-
soldier, who was not half a bad fellow under Major Anderson, but under
Wright was a miniature of that tyrant--he took his cue always from his

"He is handcuffed to the wall, is he?"

"Yes, sir!"

"One hand only?"

"Yes, sir!"

"Then double my gentleman's irons, and darby the other hand. Next!"

"But, beg parding, sir--what about the bad languidge, sir?"

"Yes, I was forgetting that. Was it very bad?"

"Awful, sir! Made my blood run cold!"

"Four hours' tube-gag! Next!"

Chapter V.

The next was a mere non-entity--a "refusing-to-work" man--the most
fervent believer in the Carlylean doctrine of the soul-saving
qualities of work would have doubted his creed had he been compelled
to work in fifteen-pound trumpeters. He was ordered thirty lashes--not
on the back. Wright believed punishment on the back was a concession
to a morbidity of sentiment.

And the next accused was a nobody too. Said he was ill. Gaoler
affirmed he wasn't. Prisoner asked to see doctor. Gaoler said he
shouldn't. Prisoner took the Bible, which was the principal--almost
the only--furniture of a gaol-cell, and kissed it, swearing he was
ill. Gaoler, shocked at the blasphemy, formally charged the man with
prevaricating to evade work--threatened to report him--now did so--
received Commandant's instructions to reduce the ration of twelve
ounces bread and one half-pint of water made by the generous System
even to the turbulent spirits in gaol. Gaoler, touching his forehead,
pencilled with stubby finger a cabalistic mark against the Nobody's
name, and passed to the next offender. Three days hence, he will put
the pencil through the name. The Nobody has, by that time, done the
very best thing he ever did for himself--has taken up permanent
quarters in the little cemetery by the sea. The manchineel drops its
tears on the nameless mounds of a hundred of such nobodies.

The next accused was Hansen.

"Insubordinate conduct, sir--very insubordinate, sir, I may say."

"What did he say?"

"Nothing: 'twas not what he said: 'twas what he did!"

"Well, what did he do?"

"Nothing, sir--simply refused to speak!"

"That is his offence?"

"Yes, sir!"

"Pass him for the present. Next!"

But with the next and his successors at that day's court we have
nothing here to do. They are to us, as their names appear on the
partly-inked, partly-pencilled record before us, mere shadows.
"Dismissed" to one; "twenty-five" to three; "one hundred" to a fifth;
and a "spread-eagle" to a sixth: these are the entries against the
names of these phantasms. They are only phantasms--let us thank Heaven
for that! For surely, could we realize, even at this distance of time,
that these names were those of men--shares with ourselves in the
glorious possession of life--our hearts would throb and our eyes fill
with sympathetic tears at the thought that all of them, save one,
passed unheard and untried to punishment.

And Freeman and Hansen--what of them? Up to this date only the
prisoners in the gaol had been supplied with "magpie"--yellow (or
brown) and black--clothing, the stock of that parti-coloured finery
being too low to admit of its being issued to other than the
aristocrats of crime. And therefore when Freeman and Hansen were
ordered by the Commandant to be transferred to the granary, they were,
as a preliminary to removal, stripped. In lieu of their comparatively
warm costume--some idiot of a manufacturer had actually dared to make
a batch of magpie stuff of strong half-woollen material instead of
cottony shoddy--they were re-dressed, Freeman in the dyed rags1 of
some ex-Hessian soldier, Hansen in Parramatta dungaree. The former's
case was not so bad, but the previous tenant of Hansen's suit had been
a worker in the wet quarry, whence were obtained the drip-stones so
much in demand in Sydney households, and the garments were still
soaking when Hansen was compelled to don them. The result was that
before they had been twenty-four hours in the granary, Hansen was
coughing violently. Disciplinarians like Wright could take little
account of consumptive tendencies, and it was reserved for a latter--
day Commandant to invent wet-quarry clothing out of condemned
blankets, and thus give the quarrymen a working change.

Chapter VI.

The gaol-allowance of food was bread equal to twelve ounces flour,
and a half-pint of water daily. The same ration was issued to the
tenants of the granary--lucky dogs that they were! The same unstinted
allowances and double the space of floor and breathing room as they
enjoyed in the goal! Yet--they refused to be happy. That is to say,
Freeman. As for Hansen, he did not care after the second day. He was
really getting beyond caring for anything.

"Harry," said Freeman--it was the third night--"I can't stand this!"
Hansen was racked with his cough. His solitary thin blanket was no
protection against the cold.

"I'm sorry, Bob--but I can't help it, pal. I 'udn't make such a row
if t'other hand was free. I'd 'old it in!" He had but one hand free;
the other was linked, with a steel clasp, to the wall. The granary
was, one should have thought, safe enough for even Freeman and Hansen,
without the ingenious accessory of wall-cuffs. But Captain Wright
thought otherwise. And to fifteen-pound irons on the men he had added
the single-handed steel attachment.

"Stow that stuff, Harry! Cough, if you want to. What I meant was that
I can't stand this place for you. Horspital's th' place for you, old
chap--an' that--Com'dant 'll ha' to put you there or there'll be

"Lor, Bob, don't yer take on now, an' get--" The cough interrupted
the remonstrance.

"And get what?"

"Into your tantrums on my 'count."

"Not a bit of it, old chap. 'Tain't on your account at all--
leastwise, not altogether. I'm going to break this--tomb business,
once and for all! I don't mind, Harry--I'm as cosy here as in a cell,
or spread-eagled round a lamp-post on a cold night! But it's such
chaps as you, old codger--with any amount o' heart, but not a stiver's
worth of bodily strength to feed th' blood with. It's for you, and
such as you, I'm going to break up this--granary punishment!"

The fellow flung out his words in ascending tones that unmistakably
expressed the tense fierceness of passion which was gnawing him. He
was liable to be swayed by great gusts of passion, though for weeks
together he would be as quiescent as the grave. But the account-
keeping gave him no credit for his placid intervals, measuring his
nature by its cyclonic periods. And one of those was now upon him--
epileptic almost in its violence.

Hansen, who knew his co-prisoner well--they had bolted together, been
wound up together1 on the Wellington when on the voyage from Sydney,
been flogged, 'cuffed, "spread-eagled," celled together--cowered in
his own corner, and with his one hand sought to check his coughing, so
as not to agitate Freeman the more.

The twilight outside was fading into darkness in the interior, but
the sick prisoner saw every movement, every feature of his comrade.
Freeman--who was short and sturdy of figure, and who had grievously
offended the System, time after time, because, in spite of continued
short commons, he would preserve strength, as though his will
replenished his sap--knelt down. He knelt sideways to the wall, as the
short 'cuff-chain would not permit of his facing it. A suspicious
System foresaw that a 'cuffed prisoner might, by thrusting his feet
against the wall, secure leverage for the withdrawal of the staple.

Not in prayer did Freeman kneel, but to gain the greater purchase on
the steel links which held his right wrist firmly to the wall. And
thus kneeling, his broad flanks were drawn in--his upper teeth scored
his lower lip to their full depth--his left hand was thrust forward
and grasped the 'cuff--chain--the blood shot into his eyes, and left
his cheeks so livid that their ghastliness shimmered in the gathering
gloom. He hauled once, twice--and then, with a deep groan, an
involuntary tribute to overstressed nature, he fell back, his head
striking dully the stone floor. For some minutes he lay in the happy
enfranchisement of a swoon.

When he recovered, he was comparatively free. Free, that is, to the
extent of his 'cuff-shackle. He had pulled out the wall-staple, and
the manacle dangled from his wrist.

The effort had been terrible: that last moment of strain, before the
stone had yielded up the staple, had clutched his wrist in a
constriction as suffocating as the experience of the Laocoon in the
coils of the serpent. He could not believe, at first, that it was the
staple which had given way: he thought the ring which had grasped his
flesh had cut his hand from the arm.

But when he saw what he had achieved, when for the first time for
months he realized that he could walk the length of his cell--he had
been wall-'cuffed, remember, in gaol also--he sank nervelessly into
the corner next Hansen, and, dropping his head on his knees, gasped
his relief in tearless sobs. And, so squatting, he passed into
slumber. Hansen need not have striven so strenuously to repress his
coughing. Freeman's exhaustion conferred upon him the rare boon of a
dreamless sleep.

Once only during the night did he seem on the verge of waking. That
was when Hansen, who had stinted himself to half his ration of water
during the day in order that he might retain some for the thirst of
the parching night--hours, dipped into his pannikin the rag which
served him as a handkerchief; and then, stretching himself noiselessly
towards his sleeping comrade, placed the moistened bit of cotton upon
the fevered forehead. Freeman stirred, but did not wake; and perhaps
he slept the sounder for the other convict's poor, priceless

Chapter VII.

The dawn-light stole into the vault through the aperture in the
roof. With a fine generosity Wright had consented to the iron door
remaining unclosed, as he concluded the wall-'cuffs held these two
dreadful ruffians firmly; so, before Freeman awoke, the sweet,
glorious day had sent a shaft of radiance into the darkness. It fell
upon Hansen's face and roused him, and he, in turn, gently shook the

"Bob!" he said, "rashins 'll be 'ere presently. There's the yard-
bell now!"

Freeman turned, and sat up, and recollection coming back as
drowsiness vanished, replied, "Right, Harry, old chap. How's the

"Not a bit easier, Bob--but hadn't yer better get back to your
corner? Rashins 'll be 'ere in a jiffy!"

Freeman rose and walked across, and laughed as he crossed the bar of
light and held up the dangling steel-clips to glisten in the beam.
"Wouldn't it spoil the Com'dant's breakfast, Harry, to know as I stand

"Is your wrist sore, Bob?"

"Sore ain't a name for it, Harry; but the sea air 'll cure it!"

Hansen started in his corner. "What d'ye mean, Bob? Yer ain't a-
thinkin' o' boltin', are yer?"

Freeman laughed. "No--no such luck. But I am going for a sea-trip to
the Old Town; an' you're going too."

"What's--what's--the use--of jokin', Harry?" The question was
punctuated with coughs, and vibrated with a poignant despair.

Freeman turned and placed his hand in Hansen's: "Don't give up,
Harry, pal! Don't funk on it! I've sworn to have yer out o' this, an'
I will!"

"'Ow, Bob, 'ow?"

"I won't tell you, Harry. Ye'll have to trust me. If you don't know,
they can't bring you in access'ry!"

And though Hansen tried, he obtained no more satisfaction than that
indefinite answer.

Their rations came. "Catch!" said the "outer"-billet prisoner who had
been detailed by the under-gaoler to deliver the food and drink so
magnanimously allowed them. And as he spoke, he bent down and threw
the hunks of bread into the corners. And the water he lowered in a
pot, with a looped cord--a pint between them. Freeman repeated his
previous day's performance, and dragged the can with his feet till he
could reach it with his left hand, and divide its contents between the

"All right?" questioned the messenger. "Com'dant 'opes as yer've 'ad
a good night!" he continued, with a genial satire in his laugh.

"Hansen oughter see th' croaker," said Freeman.

"Wot's th' use o' that lay, Bob Freeman? Yer know as Wright's not a
bird as 'll be caught by that 'ere sort o' chaff. 'Udn't I look a fool
now ter report 'Arry 'Ansen sick, an' then by an' by th' doc. comes
'long an' ses he's a--shammin' Abram?" And confident in his own wisdom
and the deceit of the two prisoners, he went his way.

"In the last resort the System is often administered by convict
understrappers," wrote Dr. Wardell pseudonymously to his own paper,
the Australian. "The great men who rule frequently work through
illiterate brutes."

Chapter VIII.

Through the long day that terrible rascal, Freeman, sought to amuse
his fellow-confine. With jest and low chant--a loudly-sung song might
have procured the tribute of the tube-gag--he sought to help Hansen's
spirits to laughter-point. And by one other thing also.

He "blanketed" his irons. He tore the shoddy stuff into strips, to
Hansen's wonderment, and wrapped the pieces round the "trumpeter"
irons, so they should not clank. Then--for Hansen's amusement, so he
said--he practised jumping upwards so as to touch the roof with his
palms. Not with his finger-tips merely, but with his palms.

Now, his irons were fifteen-pounders. They were light for
"trumpeters." Still they waxed weightier and weightier as he persisted
in his exercise. And if you wish to know the true character of the
task which he set himself, try the experiment of jumping with seven-
pound dumb-bells fastened to your feet.

Three or four times in quick succession would he leap upwards. Then
he would rest and regain breath. And then he would spring up again,
until at last he had achieved his end. Thrice running he had touched
with both palms open at once the roof within a few inches of the
margin of the door--opening. And Hansen, interested, forgot to cough.
Like manna to starving people, desert-lost, was his comrade's athletic
endeavours to the monotony--damned invalid.

"The night's come soon, Bob," he said, as the early darkness fell.
"That's 'cos we've had some-think to think about."

"'Tis just that, Harry, pal. An' ye'll see to-morrer 'll pass
quicker," Freeman gasped, for he was quite exhausted.

"Wot, agoin' to try it to-morrer again?"

"Rather!" replied Freeman, with a chuckle. And the prospect of
further pleasure on the morrow kept him warm in lieu of his blanket.

       *   *   *   *   *

The yard-bell had swung its ding-dong at the breakfast-hour, and the
sound stole over the quarter-mile of vacant ground to the granary. And
Hansen urged Freeman, who had been walking up and down the cell, to
regain his corner. "Dick 'll be here soon," he said. To his surprise
and alarm, however, Freeman simply smiled, and continued his walk to
and fro.

"Bob, are yer crazy? Rashins 'll be 'ere, I say."

"I ain't crazy, Harry, an' I know they'll be here."

"But he'll cotch yer, Bob!"

"I think the boot 'll be on t'other leg, Harry!" answered Freeman.

And it was.

As the steps of the messenger, Dick, were heard approaching, Freeman
halted just without the disc of light cast by the aperture upon the
stone floor, and so that the bearer of the rations could not see him
without peering down.

"Below there, boys!" called Dick. And he repeated the words
growlingly as they met with no response.

Then Dick stooped down to peer into the corners.

"Yer lazy wretches--"

He did not live to complete the sentence of reproach. He had spoken
thus far when Freeman, under the impulse of the ferocious passion
which he had been nursing since the break of the day, sprang mightily
upwards. His hands met on the doomed felon's throat, and though Dick
was not so maddened by his death agony that he did not strive to force
himself backwards, Freeman's grasp did not relax. As the latter was
drawn down by his irons, he pulled the semi-conscious Dick after him.
A minute later all was over for Messenger Dick.

The felicity of the System was that at every nook and corner of the
Regulations and every stage of routine, it provided an opportunity for
some one to get hanged. Even the life-saving institution of the
granary, you see, had proved the ante-chamber to the gallows. IX.

For, of course, the System meritoriously hanged Convict Freeman after
trial in Sydney; but do what Convict Hansen could by way of impressive
appeal to C. J. Sir Francis Forbes to treat him, Hansen, not as a
witness but as an accessory before the fact, it declined to hang him.

"Harry Hansen's a-committin' perjury, y' Honour," said the accused,
"when he says as he suggested the doin' o' Dick. He speaks truth,
though, when he says as he was witness. I wanted him to be witness."

"Why?" shuddered the C.J.

"Because, y'r Honour, I wanted people in the Old Town here to know as
a sick lag like Harry there can't get the croaker's 'tendance at
Norfolk. I put it to y'r Honour, ain't he sick? an' the Com'dant says
he was shammin' Abra'm."

And the Court looked at the consumptive ruffian, and in its judicial
mind gave him a week longer to live than Freeman. And Freeman would
"suffer" on Monday week, and this was Wednesday.

But the Court was wrong.

On the Friday before his Monday, Freeman, staring out of one of the
dozen fully occupied condemned cells, saw two of the prisoner-wardsmen
attached to the gaol-hospital bearing a grey-sheeted form into the
corridor. They stopped before his cell. "Are yer Norfo'k Freeman?"
questioned the front bearer.

"Yes! That Harry?"

"This is Hansen. Gov'nor ses as 'ow 'e thort yer'd like ter see th'
larst of 'im." And he turned down the sheet, so that the pinched,
peaked features were visible.

"So, Harry," said the condemned, "you've got home first, have you?
Well, 'tis kind of the 'thorities to let me see you. The fun of it is,
though, that they're always so dev'lish kind when 'tis too late."

As we have no fancy for attempting the impossible, we shall not try
and demonstrate that Condemned Convict Freeman was in error in that
last remark. 1 "Trumpeters."--Irons which connected the ordinary leg-
chains with a bazil riveted around each leg immediately below the
knees. 1 He did the last. 1 "Wall-cuffs."--Manacles fastening a
prisoner's wrist to a wall-staple. 1 "Dyed Rags."--A considerable
portion of convicts' clothing for many years consisted of army
contractors' surplus stock of uniforms made for George the Third's
mercenaries. 1 "Wound up together."--En route from Sydney or V.D.L. to
Norfolk Island, prisoners were generally handcuffed to a cable, which
passed through the hold and connected with the windlass. On any signs
of disturbance, a turn or two of the windlass--and quiet was restored.


Chapter I.

IT is beyond question that Parson Ford's resolve to keep up the
amount of his fee for performing marriages was responsible for the
annoyance which visited him on the occasion of our story.

Eight pounds sterling was his fee. Parson Knopwood would do the work
for three and take payment in currency; and it was generally the
easiest thing for an expert bridegroom to relieve the old man of the
money as he was returning home the same evening. When Parson Bob
performed the ceremony, he invariably celebrated the event at the
"Hole in the Wall," the favourite public-house, where his welcome was
always warm and his chalk-score deep, and he would seldom proceed
homewards to Cottage Green till the everlasting stars came out in
their glory and flaunted their drunkenness in his shame-stricken eyes.
At least that was what the cheery old chaplain used to say as he
stumbled over Macquarie--street cobble--stones. "Wheresh O-rion? Shure
I saw O-rion (hic) jush now!--'sh gone! Shtrange--th' bleshed (hic)
stars dansh about so. Tell Gov-en-or!" And then perhaps the
bridegroom, who had paid him about eleven o'clock that morning 3 in
paper notes or dollars, would take his arm respectfully to help the
reverend gentleman along--and himself to the 3. Sometimes, indeed,
the bridegroom would not wait to tender his assistance. This was when
the fee had been paid in forged notes, as several times happened.

Now, Parson Ford was a steady, pure, and sober man, and was not in
the least inclined, when he became Principal Chaplain on Bobby
Knopwood's official retirement, to view with aught but displeasure the
irregularities which his predecessor had tolerated. He never got
drunk; he knew the difference between forged currency notes and
general currency by the "feel"--he could tell by the touch, so he
said, any one tradesman's notes from every other man's--and he went
home by dusk, or if detained after dark by pastoral duty, only after
he had emptied the contents of his pockets and his fob into the
keeping of a trusty acquaintance or officer of the garrison.
Consequently, being possessed of these defects, he was not at this
time beloved by the lower, or, indeed, any orders of society. Not till
later did even the official classes come to believe in him. A
community in which the heads liked to be drunk by mid-day, where
matrimonial arrangements seldom were entered into except for the
purpose of securing an additional grant of land or a right to other
property, and where it was unsafe for a person to be out of doors
after nightfall, because of his liability to be robbed, if not by
unofficial criminals, by the men of the watch, was not prepared to
take to its bosom at once a strong-minded cleric, whose pockets were
never worth robbing, who would not drink to excess, whose only vice
was snuffing, and who was so much of a Puritan that he had even
admonished his Honour the Lieutenant-Governor for having a plurality
of paramours. And when Parson Ford was so ill-advised as to raise the
marriage-fee to eight pounds sterling, he placed the coping-stone to
the edifice of his unpopular life. One and all, high and low,
Lieutenant--Governor and lumberyard transport, who would not have
married his "jomar" if the marriage-fee had been nothing, indignantly
resented the step.

Why people who disdained marriage should have been thus irritated we
do not positively know. We can only suppose it was by reason of that
perverse trait of humanity which prompts it to value the thing which
is beyond reach. If only a few couples could get married, nearly
everybody would either wish to go through the ceremony or affect the
desire to do so. Perhaps some such consideration had influenced Parson
Ford in raising his fee. He assessed matrimony at a pecuniary value
far beyond the reach of the mass of persons, and instantly they began
to denounce the avarice and the injustice and the wickedness which
prevented them from obtaining the blessing of the Church on their very
irregular alliances. They forgot they had not rushed to the altar when
the terms were only three pounds.

Chapter II.

"I hear, Mr. Ford," remarked his Honour, as the parson paid him the
usual morning visit exacted from all Hobart Town gentlemen who drew
pay from the Colonial chest, "that you have caused it to be known that
your marriage-fee is to be eight pounds in future?"

"That is my fixture, your Honour," replied the chaplain.

"But I do not know whether I can allow it! You know that the Governor
in Sydney has fixed the fee at four pounds?"

"Guineas, your Honour," gently corrected the parson. "But that is
within two described parishes. I am sure of my legal rights on the

"But the moral effect, Mr. Chaplain--the effect! Have you
sufficiently thought of that? A heavy fee is--ahem--an impediment to

One great virtue had Parson Ford. He looked over a lot of things in
persons of authority, but, when put on his mettle he never winced
before a Governor, whether he was only a "Lieutenant," or whether he
was the omnipotent "General." He faced his Honour now, and said
distinctly, with an uncourtier-like acidity of tone: "Would it have
proved so in your case, your Honour? If so, I'll reduce it!"

And his Honour took the unpleasant thrust pleasantly. His wine-
reddened face was not unusually flushed as he responded: "Well, well,
if you must have it so, you must, I s'pose, Mr. Ford. But don't you
think you can make it currency, instead of sterling?"1

"With all respect, sir, I do not think I can. My object is to make
the ceremony valued in the eyes of the people, and I conceive there is
no better way of doing it than to attach an expense to its
performance. You have seen, your Honour, that Mr. Knopwood's low
charges did not encourage marriages. Now, we will see what my method
will do."

"Very well, Mr. Ford, very well, have your own way. I think you are
mistaken, but it's your lookout, and not mine. I'm not--h'm--my
brother's keeper--of his morals, at all events. That's your duty."

And with this, his Honour bowed his reverence out, helped himself to
a glass of Spanish wine from a bottle which, one of a dozen, had been
presented to him by his former comrade-in-arms, John Macarthur, in
Sydney--Capt'n John had bought it at a sale of certain prize booty in
the year '5, and treasured it greatly--and set to work to devise a
scheme by which to revenge himself upon the clergyman. Davey was not
given to vindictiveness, but he dearly liked a jest, and when by the
same stroke he could have both his joke and his revenge, he would have
fallen below the level of his drunken, rollicking, immoral old self if
he had refrained from applying it. He had all the qualities of a good
Governor except dignity, firmness, purity, honour, sobriety, and

As the result of his reflections he outlined a plan which, in the
bosom of his irregularly constituted family circle at Government
House, was fairly elaborated that same night. It was necessary, you
see, for him to use an intermediary in the business. He rather prided
himself on his free-and-easy manners. Had he not made his dbut in the
colony in his shirt-sleeves, excusing himself on the score of its
being too---hot to wear full regimentals? Had he not established the
custom of drinking and smoking in court? Was it not he who had stopped
the trial-gang on their way to the wharf, and treated each of the
unfortunates to a drink of rum-punch and a churchwarden pipe at Half-
Hanged Jack's beershop? Did he not accept kindly their thankful "God
bless yer Honour!" and wish them in return a fair trial, and, if God
and the Judge pleased, an easy death? And was it not, too, his
identical old blackguard self who, instead of enclosing to Sydney with
the depositions of evidence against a convicted forger, the forged
note for threepence, put the note, and therefore the evidence, into
the fire, with the remark that a throat that could give out "Tom
Bowling" so well, was too good to be fitted with a throat necklace? As
a matter of fact, "free and easy" was an absurdly weak term to apply
to Lieutenant-Governor Davey's relaxed manners. Nevertheless, he felt
it was "not quite the cheese"--the phrase is not ours but the
Governor's--for him to place himself in direct communication with the
principal in the plot he had contrived for the discomfiture of Parson
Ford. "No, Julia," he said to the presiding madam of the week--his two
"ladies" took week about in doing the honours of his private table
(his legal family living quite apart)--"it won't be quite the cheese,
my duck, for me to see the little dears at the Factory. One of you
will have to do that for me."

"Oh," simpered madam--she was the identical pretty piece of frailty
respecting whom Captain Colnett, of H.M.S. Glatton, had quarrelled
with Governor King,1 and the twelve years since the row had only
matured her charms--"anythin' to please yer, dear Gov'nor--an' really,
ye know, none of us leddies like Parson Sniff an' Snuff! Bobby's my
'dea of a parson. Ain't he yours, dear Gov'nor?"

"I'm with ye, madam, in everything, as ye know," replied the
Governor--whose gallant speeches were not yet intermingled with
hiccoughs. "Ah, old Bobby never interfered between me an' ye, did he,
dear? But ye'll attend to the Factory, Ju, without fail before Monday
evening? Ye know, 'twould never do for his Honour, the Gov., to be
known in the business."

"Oh, lud, your Honour, how squeamish we're gettin' all at once,"
tittered the sorceress of the week; "why, ye'll be turnin' saint
yourself soon an' 'll cry 'Fie!' an' blush when I do this."

And, bending forward, she pressed with her ruby lips the viceregal
forehead. Madame Julia knew the ways of Government in early Van
Demonian days. Also which side her bread was buttered. She was better
off with Colonel Davey than with Captain Colnett, R.N. Immeasurably.1

Chapter III.

What the official lights-o'-love achieved the sequel will show. The
Governor did, however, make a specific contribution to the plot, but
he kept the knowledge of it from his Cleopatras. He chuckled mightily
as he added his fragment of fuel to the flame which was to scorch
Parson Ford. He penned the following--


"Government House, THURSDAY.

"REVEREND SIR,--The words that passed between us on a delicate
subject have afected me, and have not failed to impres me. As one
means of helping to releeve me from his reverence's sensure it is
likely that a warm discourse on the subject by which you will
understand I mean the iregular connections which your reverence does
not approve of, on Sunday coming, would strengthen my hands, for I
have come to the conclusion that my honourable position does demand
from me conduct which would not remain open to your Reverence's

"Your Reverence's obedient servant.

"(Sd.) THOMAS DAVEY, Lieutt.-Gov.

"To the REVEREND THEOPHILUS FORD, at St. Davids Parsonage."

Like the illustrious Wellington, Colonel Davey was weak in
orthography and in grammar, but the Rev. Mr. Ford was too well
acquainted with official eccentricities of the kind to dwell upon
those features of the document. What impressed him was the possibility
it held out of a reform in popular morals. And he resolved to accept
the hint, "and to give it 'em warm."

It was on the succeeding Sunday that he rose to the occasion. It was
the first Sunday in the month, consequently a muster-Sunday, and
pretty well everybody in Hobart Town was crowded into the church or
within its precincts. A muster-Sunday for the bond or ticket-of-leave
classes was, of course, compulsory, and those who were emancipated or
"free" by "servitude" were almost as regular in attendance, for,
besides the fun of the thing, there was the gratification of
witnessing the subjection of others to a procedure once so galling to
themselves. Then the few people who "came free" and the "garrison
ladies" came also to witness the spectacle. It was so amusing, you
will understand, to note the distress of some poor "ticket-of--leave,"
as, from some more or less real peccadillo, his "ticket" was
withdrawn, perhaps a little home or business sacrificed, and he
himself re--consigned to the purgatory of the lumberyard or the hell
of the road-gang. In an epoch when popular entertainments were rare,
the Sunday muster was highly valued by all except those who were
compelled to attend it.

On this Sunday the muster was before Church. The Muster-Master, as
though in anticipation of the coming storm, was righteously indignant
in the cases of a couple of dissolute fellows, who, having permission
to marry, had gone no nearer the altar than the broomstick. They
pleaded Parson Ford's increased fee, but 'twas no use. Their tickets
were withdrawn, and they were ordered to present themselves before the
Police Magistrate in the morning for sentence.

This incident had so agreeably entertained the "free" people,
"irregularly--attached" or not, that they would have been prepared to
enjoy even a less thrilling sermon than that Mr. Ford preached to
them. Therefore, when he gave out his text from Ecclesiastes vii. and

"And I find more bitter than death the woman whose heart is snares
and nets, and her hands as bonds; whoso pleaseth God shall escape from
her; but the sinner shall be taken by her"--they settled down with an
unusual zest. They knew by instinct something interesting was coming.

Illustrating his theme by pretty well every Scriptural passage having
the remotest relation to it, the preacher denounced the iniquity of
"irregular connections." Then, by way of contrast, he painted the
virtues of the typical British home, drew tears from many eyes by a
description of the conjugal felicity which prevailed in the palace of
the Sovereign--he was discreetly silent as to the Regent--and, having
insinuated a refined advertisement of his reasons for raising the
marriage-fee--"that which costs nothing or next to nothing," he said,
"is never valued,"--he concluded with a most touching peroration. With
eyes alternately directed to the roof and upon the viceregal pew, he
thanked Heaven that he had it from the best, he might say the very
best, authority that henceforth the Local Representative of that pure
and pious Personage whose virtues added lustre to the Crown of
England, contemplated reflecting in his person and establishment the
example of his Gracious Sovereign. With so striking an exemplar on the
spot, he reminded his hearers that there would be no excuse for their
permitting their irregular unions to remain unblessed by the Church
and unsanctioned by the Law.

The effect was tremendous. New South Wales and Van Demonia in the
early days had, of course, no opportunity of showing how a C--could
throw an aristocratic splendour over the gallows, or how a H--could
transform by grace of manner a niggardliness of expenditure into a
refined economy; but yet they possessed, all things considered, as
devoted a regard for the representative of the throne as we can claim
to-day. The eye of the congregation seemed fixed upon the broad
shoulders of the Lieutenant--Governor as he sat a few yards away from
the pulpit. A kindly shadow from a pillar prevented, however, all save
those in the immediate vicinity observing that the viceregal form
shook as though with suppressed emotion. Frequent applications of a
yellow handkerchief to his eyes further testified to the impression
the sermon had made upon him. Was the Colonel really going to reform?
Was he smitten with sorrow for the past, and moved by passionate
desire for better things in the future? It seemed so, indeed, and one
portly merchant--a conditional pardon man from Sydney-side--reflected
ruefully that, eight pounds or no eight pounds, he'd be obliged to
follow the Governor's example, if the great man really meant to
abandon his harem.

But the merchant and those who noticed his Honour's emotion need not
have been afraid. True, he did wipe tears from his eyes, but--it pains
us to say it--they were of mirth. The Colonel of Marines was all the
time wondering to himself how Jess and Ju were taking the sermon. He
had never gone so far as to instal them in the viceregal pew--the
ladies of his family proper would have drawn the line at that--but he
knew they were in church. He'd have given a day's pay in sterling
money, and not in those rascally rupees which were worth no more than
eighty per cent of their nominal value, to have been able to look
round and wink at the sweet creatures. But that he dare not do: it
would have spoilt the sport, for did he catch their eyes in return he
would to a certainty burst into laughter. Accordingly, he had to wait
till afternoon.

Chapter IV.

The Parson dined with his Excellency, and received the latter's great
compliments for the unstinted and fervid morality of the discourse.
The Colonel now coincided with Mr. Ford as to the wisdom of the
increased fee, and expressed a hope that not many months would elapse
before it would be--er--as difficult to find an irregularly-attached
couple in Hobart Town as a needle in the proverbial truss of hay! And
the joy which is generated by the consciousness that a good work is
meeting with the applause of the high and mighty settled upon Parson
Ford's soul as he bade his Honour good-bye, and betook himself to the
church for afternoon service. It was a joy undimmed by the least doubt
as to the sincerity of the Governor's conversion.

After second service he was asked to tea at the table of one of the
two married ladies of the garrison. The garrison was, matrimonially
considered, very badly organized indeed. With the exception of two,
the ladies who looked after the comfort of the officers, drawing
married men's lodging and fuel allowances, however frequently they
quarrelled among themselves, had one characteristic in common. They
possessed no certificate of marriage--at least, they owned no
certificates that sanctified their present relationships. And now, in
consequence of Parson Ford's sermon, the virtuous and duly married two
were more determined than ever to look down upon their unlicensed
sisters of the quarters. Accordingly, as a preliminary, they mutually
arranged an applausive tribute to that dear man, the clergyman, who at
last had put his foot resolutely down "on the shocking, the really too
shocking, state of things that prevailed in the town, and particularly
within our brother officers' quarters, you know, dear." Mrs.
Lieutenant Bobbin had wished to do the honours, and invited Mrs.
Captain D'Ewes, her sister in matrimonial distinction, to take tea
with her and the dear parson, but Mrs. Captain D'Ewes, by virtue of
her husband's rank, pressed for the privilege of first entertainment,
which Mrs. Bobbin at once effusively and affectionately conceded. And
so at half-past five o'clock the Rev. Theophilus found himself seated
at a table with Mrs. D'Ewes and Captain D'Ewes, and Mrs. Bobbin and
her Lieutenant. It may be remarked, by the way, that the Lieutenant's
experience of wedded life was rather regarded in the town as strong
evidence of the advantages of single blessedness.

Mr. Ford having said grace (the circumstance from its unusual nature
deserves to be chronicled), and accepted some of the hospitalities of
the table, his hostess lost no time in expressing her congratulations
on his proper, very proper, course that day. And did he really think
his Honour would alter the disgraceful, very disgraceful, condition of
Government House society?

"I am, ma'am, firmly convinced in my own mind he really contemplates
a change of conduct," affirmed the Parson.

"Then--then--those women--Oh, really, Mr. Ford, I blush for my sex to
think such things are possible! And will his Honour at once dismiss
them to the Factory?" Thus spoke the virtuous Bobbin dame.

"I am quite of opinion that he will do so. In fact, I may tell you--
in confidence, ladies, of course--that I believe they have already
been returned there!"

"No!" exclaimed both ladies in a breath.

"Indeed, I think so. As I was taking off my surplice in the vestry,
the matron of the Factory came in and said that the Governor's
ladies--you know, ma'am, that the way those low-class women will speak
of these disgraces to their sex--"

"Yes, indeed!" indignantly said Mrs. D'Ewes, "this misuse of words
ought to be put down! And the matron said?"

"That those sinful women had been driven out to the Factory. The
matron, bringing in the rest of the Protestant women for afternoon
service as usual, met them half-way. They looked in a fine fluster--to
use Mrs. Chubb's words--just as though the consequences of their sin
had at last fallen upon them."

"Ah!" said Mrs. D'Ewes, "there comes an end to all wrong-doing sooner
or later."

"Why," said the Lieutenant, "didn't the matron stop and ask them why
they were going out?"

"Oh, Lieutenant, you don't know what a trouble 'tis to that poor
woman to get those drabs of Factory girls to church!--she could not
attend to anything else! She has to bring them in two batches--morning
and afternoon--for it would take her whole staff to march the lot in
together, and she must, of course, leave two or three wards-women
behind to look after the sick ones."

"We'd always tell off a corporal's guard to help her," said Captain
D'Ewes, flippantly. "Our men would not object to guard-duty there.
'Guardians of beauty, if not of virtue,' and so on, eh, Bobbin?"

Bobbin, with his spouse's eye upon him, dare not acquiesce verbally,
but in his heart he approved of his comrade's sentiment. Of course,
their respective wives were not aware that among the Lotharios of the
camp, D'Ewes and Bobbin were included, even though they were married.
Had he wished to reply, however, he would not have found it possible
to do so, for Mrs. D'Ewes sharply remonstrated with her husband.

"I think, Captain," she said, "that you should keep your wit for the
low associates of the barrack-room. Remember, a clergyman is present,
if you have no respect for ladies. And now, dear Mr. Ford, I should
like so much to know whether those--those creatures are really at the
Factory! You, I suppose, will find out in due course?"

"Oh, to-morrow, ma'am, is my usual Factory day--Monday succeeding
Muster-Sunday, y' know!"

"Oh, yes," broke in that ribald D'Ewes, "tomorrow's your confessional
day, is it, Mr. Ford?"

"My what--sir?" returned the astonished Parson, who was nothing, if
he was not a sturdy Evangelical.

"That, I believe, sir, is the term given in the town to your--ah--
method of interrogating those frisky young madams at the Factory, of
whom you're so fond."

"Sir!" exclaimed the insulted Parson, rising.

"D'Ewes!" appealed his better-half.

"Captain D'Ewes!" ejaculated the horrified Mrs. Bobbin, whose husband
simply chuckled to himself under cover of the storm.

And though D'Ewes apologized, and handsomely withdrew the imputation,
which, he averred, was merely a jocular nothing, the Parson's sense of
injury was not appeased until both Mrs. D'Ewes and Mrs. Bobbin had
consented to accompany him to the Factory on the morrow. "Then,
ladies, I beg you'll interrogate every woman for yourselves. Ask them
what questions you like as to my treatment of them, and see if I've
ever acted in a manner unbefitting my sacred office!"

As a simple fact, Parson Ford could not have played more nicely into
his adversaries' hands than when he extended that invitation. Davey's
plan had been merely to suggest a very naughty idea to the frail fair
ones in Mrs. Chubb's charge, and to trust to chance for the result
finding its way to the knowledge of the townspeople. But here Ford
himself had provided the means for his own discomfiture.

Chapter V.

On the Monday afternoon, the Rev. Theophilus, accompanied by Mesdames
D'Ewes and Bobbin, was respectfully welcomed by Mrs. Chubb. As the
matron made her final curtsey, she said--

"Twelve new ones, your Rev'runce!"


Mrs. Chubb simpered and looked down. "Yes, sir!" she said.

"Now, ladies," and Mr. Ford turned to the garrison ladies, "of course
you don't understand what Mrs. Chubb means?"

"No--not exactly, Mr. Ford," said Mrs. D'Ewes.

"Well, I must tell you, ma'am. You know, of course, why so many girls
are sent back to the Factory from service?"

Mrs. Bobbin blushed. Mrs. D'Ewes didn't, but replied "Yes."

"Well, in the interests, first of morality, and then of the finances
of the colony, I'm determined to put a stop to that sort of thing,

"Quite right, I'm sure," said Mrs. D'Ewes.

"Quite right, sir," echoed Mrs. Bobbin.

"Now, there's only one way, and that is to punish the fathers of the
children. But to reach the fathers you must know their names."

"Of course, Mr. Ford!" said both ladies together.

"That is why, then, I have what the Captain very improperly called my
confessional, Mrs. D'Ewes. I interrogate each girl separately as to
the paternity of her child. Now, to-day, I will ask you ladies to
pursue my inquiries for me. Have you any objection, ladies? Then you
can tell the Captain the nature of my method."

"No objection at all," chorused the gentle beings.

"Then, as there are twelve to be examined, may I suggest you take
six, Mrs. D'Ewes, and you the other six, Mrs. Bobbin, and I'll simply
look on!"

The twelve girls--they were nearly all on the youthful side of
womanhood--were ranged in a row, each standing by the foot of her
pallet. Some were quivering with suppressed shame--or laughter. Others
were biting their lips. But all were silent till the interrogation

Humming a hymn, Parson Ford walked up and down. His back was to the
line of women, and consequently he did not see the startled looks
which were bestowed upon him and then upon each other by the two
ladies. By the time, however, he turned in his walk, each interrogator
had examined her second girl, and as she obtained a reply, she glanced
so strangely at the clergyman that he could not help but notice her
manner. He put the singularity of the look down, however, to some
surprising revelation. "Revelations" under the like circumstances were
so common, that they had long since ceased to be surprising to him.

As Mrs. Bobbin interrogated her third girl, Mrs. D'Ewes finished the
examination of her fourth. They exchanged a look of horror--then
moving simultaneously into the centre of the room, they exclaimed

"Oh, Mr. Ford! You wretch!" called Mrs. D'Ewes.

"Mr. Ford, you're a hypocritical villain!" cried Mrs. Bobbin, and she
hysterically searched for her handkerchief.

"Ladies!" exclaimed Parson Ford, not believing his ears.

"Yes, sir, I'm glad I came to-day to unmask a scoundrel! Each of
these four girls says you are the father of her child!" cried Mrs.


"And--oh--infamous!--these three girls all say--they--owe--their--
ruin to you!" gasped Mrs. Bobbin, in tears.

"And I say the same!" said a girl as yet uninterrogated.

"He's the father of my child too!" said another.

"And of ours!" cried the rest in chorus.

Under this terrible avalanche of accusation Parson Ford was dumb!

         *   *     *  *   *

Governor Davey and his "leddies" had calculated only on surprising
Parson Ford himself--by bribing the girls with a ticket-of-leave
apiece to allege that he, the clergyman, was responsible for her
presence in the lying--in ward of the Factory. They had not
contemplated so astonishing a success for their little plot, as was
achieved through Ford's invitation to the garrison ladies.

Not for many years was Ford allowed to forget this episode. Governor
Arthur, fifteen years after wards, referred, at a birthday dinner, to
Parson Ford as one of the "fathers of the colony," and was immensely
surprised at the uproarious laughter his compliment elicited from all
colonists present--save Ford. 1 "Currency" and "Sterling."--The
difference in value in Davey's time varied from 121/2 to 25 per cent.
1 Considering that, as a rule, Rusden, the historian, damns the cause
he advocates, it is an unfortunate thing for Governor King's fame that
Rusden defends his conduct in the Colnett case. King's action appears,
however, eminently creditable to him, even in the light of the
superior morality of this generation. Tested by contemporary canons,
it reflected infinite honour upon him.  1 She boxed Colnett's ears. He


Chapter I.

IF ever there was a woman who had a splendid chance of settling
herself in life, it was Anstey's Bess--otherwise Elizabeth Sandy, No.
24175, per Arab (1). Not to say anything at all of the proposals of
lesser men--not even dwelling particularly on the honour done her by
Jorgen Jorgenson, former Governor of Iceland and present magistrate's
clerk at the neighbouring township of Oatlands, who would have wedded
her without (so he informed her) "a paper thruppenny"1 of dower--when
Mr. Thomas Anstey's free overseer, Franky Manning, laid his honest
heart and his hundred-acre grant, with all appurtenances thereon, at
her feet, she was tendered an exceptionally fine opportunity of making
a match. Nevertheless she refused.

"I am quite comfortable here, thank'ee, Mr. Manning," she said, "an'
the master and mistress are kind, an' I'm desperate fond of the
childer. An' I'm as happy as I want."

"But you can be as happy as all this and be your own mistress too,
Bess," pleaded the stalwart Manning. "Won't ye think better of it?
I'll treat ye kind!"

"I don't doubt that, Mr. Manning, an' I don't say as it's not a fine
chance, but--it's no use. I've made up my mind to stay here till I
die, or--" She paused, as though she had already said too much.

"Or what, Bess?"

"Never mind!"

"Till ye get your freedom!"

"Yes, yes--my freedom!" But the exclamation was hurried and confused.
As well it might be, for the explanation was not true.

"But the master says as ye'll not apply for your ticket, Bess, and ye
won't get a ticket, much less a pardon, without asking for it. Are ye
too happy here to ask for freedom?"

"That's it, that's it."

"No, Bess, there's something else, I'm sure. You're not so happy but
that freedom won't make ye happier, specially if ye get with freedom a
home of your own."

"No, no! It's no use, Mr. Manning. Besides, why, you ought to marry a
free woman, not me--a lag."

"D--the lag--saving your presence, Bess! And even supposing Mr.
Anstey couldn't get your pardon just for the asking for it, my love--
the love of a square man, though p'r'aps I say it as shouldn't, Bess--
will clear your record as though ye'd never been sent out."

"Ah, that's good of you to say it, Mr. Frank; but you wouldn't like
your--your childer to be pointed out for a lag mother's childer."

Her wooer brought his great hand to his thigh with a resounding clap.

"Who'd dare to raise a word against my wife? I'm a free man--I'm rich
now as men go--I'll be richer by and by. No, none dare say that
against your children if they were mine too, Bess! Don't be afraid of
that, my dear! Come, Bess, say ye'll have me, and I'll beg Mr. Anstey
to ask for your pardon at once. He'll get it, sure. I've been a good
servant to him, and so have you, Bess. Now, say yes!--there's a good

The woman, still comely and fresh-featured for all her thirty-six
years, with thick coils of reddish-brown hair, deep-arching eyebrows
and milk--white teeth, showing the self-respect so seldom retained by
the "assigned female," bent her face into her hands. The appeal
stirred her, and her whole being quivered with the struggle between
the craving to say "yes" and the knowledge she ought to say "no." The
ration print-dress of the convict--woman did not always cover the
sensibilities of the drab, though Governor Arthur thought so.

Manning waited. He would not further harass her by so much as a
glance, so while she pondered he gave a glance to the field adjacent
to that in which they were standing. Something there attracted his
attention. The ploughing-"teams" were stationary, and instead of the
creaking and jingling of the gear, he heard angry voices in excited
threats. One voice sounded above the rest, and as he distinguished it,
he turned sharply to her.

"Bess, I can't wait any longer, now--though there's still time to say
'yes,' dear. The men are rowing again--wherever that young scoundrel
Davies is there's bound to be trouble if I am not by. I'll come again
to-night, Bess--unless"--he paused to grasp the hands which were now
clasped on her bosom--"unless it's 'yes' now, Bess?"

It might have been into ears of stone that he poured his words. Her
hearing was intent for another voice than his--that much he
understood, for there was straining in her eyes and in her attitude,
and the colour came and went in quick rushes to and from her cheeks.

"Bess, Bess, what is the matter? What is it? Are you ill?"

"No--yes! Oh, go away, Mr. Manning--an' don't talk to me of love
while that--while that's there!" She threw out her hands as though to
push him away.

"What d'ye mean? While what's there?"

"Go, oh, go! Don't you see he--they are fighting! Go, do go--or
mischief'll be done, Mr. Manning!"

It was quite time for him to go. From the adjoining paddock came
cries of his name, mingled with bitter imprecations, and the group of
convicts reeled stormily. He rushed towards the fence which separated
the paddocks, and, as he clambered over, looked back.

The woman was prostrate on the sward. He could see the convulsive
movements of her hands as they clutched at the grass-tufts.

Chapter II.

He could not go back to her, though he troubled greatly, in his
simple, strong fashion, that he could not. The fight was proceeding,
for the combatants were so enraged that they did not see his coming,
and unless he interposed literally with his whip of authority, the
contest might end in the infliction of serious injury, if not in

"Stop, there--stop, Davies--New!" He cut at the combatants with his
lash of rawhide, and struck them into silence and a sullen inactivity.

The ploughs at work were two, and, meeting on parallel furrows, a
dispute had occurred between a man of each team. To each plough were
harnessed eight convicts of various ages and statures. Beside Anstey,
of Anstey-Barton, only one settler--Bisdee--flagrantly defied the
System's economy by indulging in such weak extravagance as to put
eight men to a plough. Most land-tillers holding assigned labour
displayed a judicious regard for the methods most in favour with the
authorities, and employed no more than four. And the Ansteys and the
Bisdees were equally opposed to the System in another respect--each
discountenanced the sharp pointed goad so generally used by the other
settlers. The solitary instrument of persuasion permitted by either
gentleman was the strip of untanned hide, and this solely on the
ground that its use was necessary to prevent the shirkers throwing the
strain of the draught on the willing workers.

"What's this all about?" demanded Manning. "You, Davies, again! Have
you forgotten that I said I'd have you up before Mr. Anstey if you
quarrelled again this week?"

Neither of the offenders answered, but Davies, in response to the
special inquiry from himself, shrugged his shoulders contemptuously.
He was a youth apparently in his eighteenth or nineteenth year, and,
save for the scowl, evidently habitual, on his face, would have been

"Answer, I say!" repeated the overseer.

"Well, if you must know, that---cur, New, there, lied. That's all.
And"--a studied impertinence was in his tone as he continued--"as I'm
not an officer of the field police, or a free man, I didn't believe in
lying, and I hit him!"

"That tongue of yours will get you into serious mischief yet,
Davies, if you don't take care. But that's no answer to my question.
What did New say?"

"Ask New himself--I decline to repeat a lie even at second hand.

"But what?"

"I warn him that if he dare say to you, in my hearing, even now,
what he said before, I'll strike him again, even if you flog me the
next moment!"

"This is rank insubordination, and even Mr. Anstey himself wouldn't
pass it over. New, tell me what you said. You needn't care for the
lad's threats."

"Care! The fellow--a wizened-featured, stunted Londoner. Wot should
I care for 'im? H'im as good as 'im hany day. An' this his wot hi ses,

"New!". The boy, Davies, threw into the word at once both a
challenge and a warning.

"New!" mimicked the other. "That for you!" He made a vulgar gesture
as he spoke. "This his wot hi ses, Mr. Mannin'--I axed 'im 'ow many
kisses 'e give to that 'ere Bess for all th' grub she brings 'im. An'
then 'e 'its me, an' hi 'its back!"

"What Bess--what woman?" cried Manning. Rude and uncultivated as he
was, he shrank from the possibility that the name which fell so
lightly from the wretch's lips was that of the woman to whom he had
given his love.

"Vy, Bess that's hup to the 'omestead--Anstey's Bess, o' course!"

Each "team" was harnessed in pairs by swingletrees. Davies, the
"off--leader" of one, while New was speaking, and while Manning and
the cluster of convicts were intent upon that fellow's words, had
stooped and unhooked the swivels which held his own chains to the bar.
A length of nearly three feet of inch-links was thus loose in his
hand, save that one end was attached to the leathern bazil which
encircled his waist. Before New could complete his jibe at the expense
of Anstey's Bess, the lad had swung the unattached iron into the
telltale's face.

Manning, momentarily staggered by the association of Bess's name
with this wastrel of the convict-gang, was recalled to himself by the
assault. Although Davies had gathered the length of chain once more in
his hands as if to wield it again as a weapon, Manning rushed on him,
and, dropping his own whip, seized the youth's wrists.

"I've put up with your conduct long enough, Davies," he exclaimed,
"but this is going too far. Mr. Anstey shall know of this."

The boy made one ineffectual attempt to free himself from that
mighty grasp, and then, owning the mastery, but still defiant, looked
the overseer full in the face, and exclaimed: "A fig for Anstey! A fig
for you! A fig for anybody and everybody in this cursed country--a
country of lags who ought to be free men and of free men with the
spirit of lags." Then, as Manning, still holding the lad's wrists,
called to take the handcuffs from his, the overseer's pocket, he went
on: "Oh, damn you, Manning--I'll get even with you for this! I've
sworn on the lag's Bible1 I'll do for any man who forces the darbies
on me!"

The bracelets snapped on the wrists through which the blue veins were
still visible beneath the sunburnt tan.

Chapter III.

The teams--one man short in each--resumed their ploughing. Tragedies
might be enacted, hearts might break in the process, but Anstey's
grants had to be prepared for the spring sowing and the autumn
harvest. Up and down, one working to the east side of the paddock, the
other to the west, scoring with the same furrows the chocolate earth
and their own hearts. No task so tore the natures of convicts as that
of hauling the plough. Much of their work seared, but the flesh closed
over the cicatrices; but the ploughshare cut a wound that rankled for
ever, because the work was beasts' work. Yet Anstey's plough-"teams"
should have been happy in knowing that, though their work was that of
the lower animals, their food was still that of the man. Anstey was
unlike C--, who sleeps in Melbourne cemetery in sure and certain dread
of a terrible resurrection, and under twelve hundred pounds' worth of
lying marble. C--, moved by a sense of the appropriate, fed his
plough-cattle on oatmeal and water. "The fodder of beasts for beasts'
work" was his maxim--and his grand-daughter will be presented at Court
this year.

For two days the "teams" worked each a man short. Then the proper
allowance of draught was renewed. The number of eight was restored:
Davies and New came back. They had been into Oatlands. Davies was
reticent with his fellow-cattle. But New was discursive enough for

"'E was impident to the beak, an' jawed the hoverseer, an' 'e ses
that 'e 'ud risk Jack Ketch to 'av 'is go for Mannin'. An' Mannin', he
only larfs, an' begs the beak to let 'im orf easy for a-strikin' me,
an' 'e never ses no word at all about cheekin' 'im, so the beak lets
'im orf with ten. Vy"--he grew indignant at the prospect of the
probable increase in crime which would follow upon such an unusual
instance of magisterial leniency--"that ain't no pun'shment at all!
If'e killed me, 'e'd 'av got orf altogether!"

Nevertheless, those ten strokes, lightly laid on the back though they
were, had stamped themselves indelibly on Davies' features. And an old
hand, who for a generation had been enjoying the protection (tempered
with discipline) of Government, and who knew the convict nature well,
prophesied ill because the lad never laughed now. There was something
taking about the boy--something impressive, too, to a creature like
this Michael Ferris, who was servile always, from inclination as much
as from policy, in his haughty opposition to authority.

And the old convict dreaded what might be.

This man was sent with a message to the homestead by Manning a week
after Davies' return to the "team." And while waiting for the can of
tea which he was to carry to the field, the old fellow took an
opportunity of saying a word to Bess. Anstey's was ruled by Bess in
all things, edible and potable.

"Mrs. Sandy, a word wi' yer, mum, please, an' 'scuse the liberty as
I'm taking, mem, but the men do say as wot yer--yer take an int'rest
like in young Eddie Davies--"

"Oh!" cried Bess, taken off her guard by the suddenness of the
remark, "what is the matter now--is he in more trouble?"

"Not yet, missus, but I'm afraid he will be--he's so sullen like, and
broodin'. He never larfs. An' w'en fellers, espeshally younkers, go
like that, arter kissin' of Madame Cat-o'-nine-tail--w'y, mem, theys
go to the bad, slick!"

"Oh, tell him not to brood--no, stay!" Then, fearful she had revealed
a feeling for the lad's welfare that needed either instant
contradiction or a further unfolding, she paused and looked anxiously
at the old transport. He read her glance, and put his finger on his

"I'm mum, mem--I do anything for the younker, as he gives me 'baccy
w'en he has it, an' I know as the stuff must come from you!"

"Then--then tell him to keep awake to-night."

The old man delivered the message; and he was loyal to his promise.
He mentioned the circumstance to no one. But he would have been more
than human if, when the "teams" were stabled for the night in the huts
by the home-paddock, he too had not resolved to keep awake.

       *   *   *   *   *

Six men to a hut--the Ansteys characteristically so construed the
official regulation which required that in any apartment of smaller
dimensions than 12 feet by 12 feet, there should not be lodged more
than twelve assigned servants. (The System would have died prematurely
had the Ansteys' methods been the rule. As they were not, it was only
the convicts who died in advance of their time.) The old transport was
in the same hut as Davies. Even Mr. Thomas Anstey gave no second
thought to an arrangement that shut up for ten hours gentry who would
have rightly adorned Tyburn tree with babes in vice. It was so usual:
it did not shock even him.

As midnight drew near, old Ferris woke from a snatch of sleep.
Stirring in his ear curiously, was a bird's tapping which mingled with
the sigh-laden breathing of the sleepers and the creaking of the pine-
planks as the men turned restlessly in the bunks. He raised himself
upon his elbow noiselessly and peered into the darkness. A movement in
the bed-place opposite his own--Davies'--directed his gaze; and to his
surprise he saw a breadth of moonlight flash into the room as a plank
in the wall was apparently withdrawn. A body stopped the aperture for
an instant, and then the sudden reappearance of the light, and the
sound of a thud outside, told him that Davies--it could be no other
than the lad--had temporarily escaped from the hut. Ferris stole
quietly to the bed-place, which had just been vacated, and listened.
The speakers had placed themselves against the wall so that the shadow
of the building covered them, and thus Ferris heard every word.

Chapter IV.

"Well, mother," he heard the boy say, in low tones that were utterly
wanting in tenderness. "So you've found time to come, have you? It's
two weeks since I've seen you to speak to! Is it that your son has
been flogged that you've discarded him?"

"Hush, you cruel boy--have I not done enough for you to show you how
I love you!"

"Always the same cry--what you've done for me! Isn't it your duty to
do something for me! Did I ask to come into the world?--"

"There's no time for useless talk. I came tonight, because I could
not come before. Manning suspects something. I'm sure he thinks--"


"That there is something between me and you. He watches me closely--
I never come near the hut now--"

"Don't I know that? Have I not been compelled for a fortnight to
live on this cursed pigs' food, while you at the house feasted on the
fat of the land, and would not take the trouble to bring me the crumbs
from your table!"

"Wicked, wicked boy!" There was a catch in the woman's voice as the
serpent's tooth nipped her.

"No snivelling now! Have you brought any grub or tobacco with you?"

"Yes--there 'tis at your feet. God! to think I should steal like
this for you, an' meet with this reward!"

"If you've come to weep over the prodigal and nothing else, you can
go back again. What if you did take my trifling breach of the law upon
you and get lagged--what then? Lots of mothers would ha' done the same
for their sons, and never thrown it into their teeth afterwards. And
if you were lagged for me, wasn't I lagged for you? Didn't I follow
you as quick as I could--'Missed my Mammy, oh!' as the song says--"

"Eddie, oh, Eddie, you are breakin' my heart! An' if you've nothing
to say beyond this, I'll go, without sayin' what I came to say!"
Forgetting the need for silence, she burst into sobs.

"Fool!" said the ribald. "Do ye want to rouse the huts with your---
sniffling. What did you come to say? Out with it!"

"Only this--that Mr. Manning--wishes to marry me."

"Marry you! Not if I know it!" said the lad, after a second's
surprised silence. "He's my master now--by law, and that's the only
authority he'll have over me!"

"I don't intend to marry him--because of you. I won't deceive the
good man, for good man he is--"

"What a taste he has--to wish to marry you! And what a match--the
good, kind-hearted Overseer, with his hide-whip, and Anstey's Bess,
the lag housekeeper with the lag son."

There was a rush of steps, and then Ferris heard another voice join
in the conversation. He was at no loss to know whose it was.

"This has gone far enough, you wretch, Davies! I've heard nigh every
word you two have said. Ah, Bess, why didn't you trust me--why not
have told me this ungrateful scamp was your son?"

The woman sobbed now unrestrainedly. That was her only answer. But
her son answered with that defiant brazenness which seemed part of his

"Because she wasn't proud of me! That's why, Manning. So you want to
marry her, d'ye? Well, you can have my blessing, if that'll help you!"

"Silence, sir--don't forget I'm your overseer!"

"I don't consider any man my overseer who follows convict women about
at midnight, for he'll only be overseer so long as Mr. Anstey doesn't
know it."

"Silence, sir--or else I rouse the huts and order you to be chained

"Do--do! But no, you daren't--you're only a coward, Manning, for all
your bigness. But I'll rouse the huts." And before Manning could stop
him, he beat upon the walls of the hut and shouted with all his might.
The uproar was increased by the cries of the now hysterical woman, and
by the curses of the overseer. Within two or three minutes the forms
of the startled inmates were visible on the verandah of the homestead;
and there were cries of "What's up? What's the matter?" from the
assigned men's lodgings, which were, of course, locked. The impression
was general that Brady's bushranging gang (then in the district, at
Peter's Pass) was in attack. From the aperture whence Davies had
emerged the faces of all his hutmates were now peering. Ferris had no
longer a monopoly of the spectacle, which by this time was exciting.

Manning had seized the young reprobate and had forced him to the
ground, and upon the struggling bodies Bess had thrown herself,
fearful that the only two beings she cared for in the world would do
each other mortal injury. Nor was she without cause for her fears.
There was a gleam of a knife-blade in the moonlight, and Manning fell
back, venting, in the instant in which he loosed his clutch on the
youth, a shrill cry of pain. By the time Mr. Anstey--who, in his
haste, had seized a fowling-piece--reached the spot from the house,
the overseer lay unconscious, while blood poured from a stab in his
chest. The transport, Davies, leaned against the wall recovering his
breath, and Bess stood, dazed but erect, with a hunter's skinning-
knife in her right hand.

"Bess--Manning!" exclaimed the settler as he recognized first the
woman and then the supine man. "What does this mean?"

Bess passed her free hand over her forehead, and then, looking
steadily into her master's face, made answer--

"I've--stabbed Mr. Manning, sir!"

And but one of the men who peered from the opening in the wall could
have sworn differently, for he only had clearly perceived whose hand
had struck the blow, and whose hand had withdrawn the blade from the

Chapter V.

In the confusion of the event, it did not occur to Mr. Anstey to
inquire what Davies was doing outside his hut at that hour. Not
suspecting the relationship of the young transport to Bess, he did not
doubt the truth of her avowal, although he was shocked at it. Leaving
to a later and more seemly time the investigation into the
circumstances, he bade Davies help a couple of free servants, who had
come from their quarters, to carry the injured man to his room, where
the wound was roughly bandaged till the military doctor from Oatlands
could arrive. Bess, Mr. Anstey locked in her own apartment, first
taking the knife from her.

The next morning the wounded man was incapable, in magisterial
opinion, of giving a lucid account of the affair. His wound though not
vital was a sufficiently ugly one, and weeks would have to elapse
before he either could resume duty or be in a fit state to give formal
evidence against the prisoner. Sitting as a magistrate, Mr. Anstey
formally remanded his once-trusted housekeeper to Oatlands. She would
give no explanation of the occurrence, and the family who had so
befriended her, and whom she had so faithfully served, saw her taken
off to the township by an escort of field police. It was a problem the
Ansteys could not solve--how she, so tender and true, should have
attempted to murder their overseer, who, attached as he was to them,
was, as they well knew, more deeply devoted to her. Good Mrs. Anstey
had done all she could to promote the match; and Bess's refusal had
perplexed her mightily. And now the entanglement that bound the two
was not the sweet intricacy of the lover's knot, but the gruesome ties
which link the victim to his murderess.

The night after the outrage the plank in the hut-wall was withdrawn
once more, and Davis, aided by Ferris, dropped through the aperture.

"It's as good a thing as ye can do, ye young whelp, ye! Ye'll get
scragged in any case, and I'd rayther ye'd be scragged for bold
fightin' in the bush than fer a cur's trick of puttin' the knife in on
the sly!" So old Michael whispered.

The lad heard him in silence.

"An'," went on the old man, "won't ye leave a word for the woman who
bare ye?"

"Tell her the best thing she ever did for me was the loosening of
this plank. She did it for my kisses--I did give her one or two--but I
always intended to bolt to Brady through it. And tell her the best
thing she can do is to marry Manning if he gets better and she's not
hanged. Then when the---traps are hot on my heels, I'll always have a
safe corner. Tell her that--and good-bye."

Chapter VI.

Bess was not hanged. At the Hobart Assizes she would have pleaded
guilty had not the Court, very informally, and under protest from
Crown--Solicitor Stephen, heard a statement from Michael Ferris,
transport, and Frank Manning, free upon-arrival. But her son was--a
couple of years later--on the final break up of Brady's gang.

Polite Mr. Dougherty--the Turveydrop of the scaffold--who as the
law's finishing school-master put the last touches on young Davies,
stepped behind the coffin (which he had just delivered to Bess) to
breathe a word of consolation to Overseer Manning who accompanied her.

"I never did for a likelier lad, Mr. Manning, never! An' it's a pity,
sir--I know all the story, Mr. Manning--he was so fine a lad. Had he
been uglier, then all o' her heart 'ud not ha' gone into that shell.
She'll never marry yer, Mr. Manning--although 'twud be a good match,
sir! She ain't no woman to marry wi'out a heart; an' hers is in pieces
alongside o' that stiff in the coffin. Thank'ee, sir--the gould 'll do
instead of his clothes!" 1 "Paper thruppeny."--Tradesman's promissory-
note of the value of threepence: negotiable only by persons other than
the maker at one penny.  1 The Newgate Calendar was so called. A
transport would go to great straits to procure a copy of this
notorious book, or, if it were once in his possession, before he would
part with it.


Chapter I.

THERE is a great Australian family which boasts a recently invented
shield and crest. The bearings are described in "Burke" with a rich
luxuriance of heraldic jargon. Truthfully, they should be a woman,
pendant, vert,1 on a gallows sinister, sable. This is a story of the
bravest deed ever done by a member of that family; which deed being
what it was, is not borne from generation to generation on the
perfumed breath of tradition. The younger members are taught to look
with a reverence almost religious upon the inch of ribbon and the
fragment of parchment which symbolize some ridiculous Imperial
"honour," conferred for Heaven alone knows what upon one of its later
chieftains, but the deed which removes their "colonial founders" from
the ruck of humanity they are never taught. The people who should
teach them are ashamed of it. Which is human history. The great deeds
of the world are the unhonoured ones.

Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney, in the Early Twenties. The buildings
stood then much as they are to-day, where they form Chancery Square.
There is, however, a slight difference in their tenants. Then, they
consisted of persons who had fallen beneath the lash of the law. Now,
they are the persons who wield that lash. The difference between the
respective classes of tenants extend to their manners. Between the
coarseness of speech and gesture of the convicts and the polished
blackguardism of the present-day followers of the Law there lies the
chasm created by two generations of culture. In morals, however, there
is no divergence of character.

A wall, 10 feet 6 inches high, separated at the time of our story the
barrack enclosure, on the south and west, from the open, unfenced
space called indiscriminately the Racecourse, the Parade-ground, and
Hyde Park; on the north from the General Hospital enclosure and the
pleasure-grounds of the Governor. The entrance was from the west, the
gates being guarded by two lodges 12 feet square--the one on the right
being appropriated to the clerks, the other to those indispensable
accessories of the System, the "freed" constables. Other offices and
minor buildings formed then, as they form now, a lining to the walls,
clasping as it were in their embrace the principal building. This was
the main barrack. It deserves a niche of distinction in architectural
history, for it was the first building, not in Australia alone, but in
the British Empire, arranged specifically for the classification of
prisoners according to the degrees of their criminality. Governor
Macquarie, if for no other reason, deserves to be honoured in that he
attempted to solve a problem which English-speaking legislatures
everywhere grow daily eloquent about while leaving unsolved. If delay
in the work of social reform be playing the game of the devil, what a
capable partner he has in the English-speaking legislator!

The barrack was of three storeys. On each floor there were four
rooms. A passage 12 feet wide ran the length of the building. Two
rooms--those facing west--were 65 feet long; the other two were 35
feet long. The breadth of each room was 19 feet.

In each of the six long rooms seventy men slept. In each of the six
small ones, thirty-five. As a rule, that is. But one January night, in
the Early Twenties, No. 5 room, the small one on the east end of the
upper floor, contained thirty-three men--and one girl. She was the
founder of the great Australian family aforesaid.

Chapter II.

The grass-cutting gang had, with their coxswains, duly reported
themselves about 5.30 in the afternoon. They were rather later than
usual, but the wind had been blowing strongly against the boats as
they bore down heavily laden with grass for the Government live stock
from the Parramatta River, and such of their crews as were not
privileged to lodge in the town--that is to say, some twenty-one or
two out of the forty who constituted the gang--were accordingly half-
an-hour "beyond time" in reporting at "night muster." But the System,
surprising to say, had not endeavoured to control the tides and
winds--had, indeed, made no provision for such an emergency as had now
risen, and did not, therefore, punish the gang by stopping their
rations. All it did was to give them their food cold when the
mustering overseer had ended.

"Cox'n Nicholson--crew right?"

"Yes, sir! Arnold--Russell--Green--Dixon--Hawkins--King!"

As he called his crew, the overseer ticked the names off and ordered
them to pass to mess.

"Cox'n Wilmot--yours?"

"Yes, sir!" And the like routine was observed.

"Cox'n Tribe--yours?"

"Yes, sir! Hume--Evans--Grant, father--Grant, son--Dillon--Lee!"

"Right! Pass on!"

"Beg parding, sir--but I don't think as Grant, father, isn't well,
sir!" The crew, shuffling off, paused to wait response to this
reference to a fact they had all been made aware of that day.

"Ain't you well, Grant?" the overseer asked. The old man, who as yet
was not so old, was of medium height, which appeared the less because
of the stoop that spoke of his use of the sickle as a grass-cutting
tool. His features were those of a weakling, the cheeks had tumbled in
and the chin fell away to a point, in the fashion which, though the
man were dumb, would convey an accent of servility. The fellow was a
typical servant, without a mind or a tongue or a backbone of his own.
When, in his free days, "Master" paid him his wages, "Master" owned
him body and soul. And now the System owned him, and he was abjectly
servile to it. When interrogated, he did not know whether he would
please or offend the overseer by telling the truth, although it was
patent he was ill. He was trembling; "Grant, son," held him up,
otherwise he would have fallen.

"Are you ill, Grant? Can't you answer?"

"Grant, father," looked at his son. That was his way always. It was
"Grant, son," who ever answered for the old man--did some of his work
for him--cared for him.

"Yes, he's very bad, Mr. Grove. I'm afraid he's had a stroke, sir."

Grove, the Mustering Overseer, turned to the coxswain.

"Are you sure he ain't a-shammin', Tribe?"

"No, sir,--I mean, sir, as I am sure he isn't shamming. I thought as
'twas a kin' o' stroke, myself, sir!"

"Too ill to wait for mornin' doctor?"

"Yess'r, I'm afraid, sir!"

"What do you say, Grant, son?"

"I can't make him out at all, sir--I never saw him like this afore!
I'll work double to-morrow, sir, if you'll let him go to the horspital

"Was he much short to-day?"

The daily task of each man in a cutting-gang was forty bundles, say a
hundredweight of grass per day. Barney Williams, Governor's coxswain,
checked the quantity nightly.

Coxswain Tribe looked around at his men. Should he tell? Grove seemed
in a pretty good temper tonight, but there was never any telling how
long a subordinate officer's amiability would last. Perhaps if he told
the truth it would be all right--perhaps all wrong. However, he risked

"He didn't do nothing at all to-day, sir. The coves all helped him,
besides doin' their own whack."

"Were any of them short?"

"No, sir; Mr. Williams passed the lot."

"All right, then. But no more codgering o' that sort is to be
allowed. If the man's sick, let him report sick afore he goes. An' if
he goes, he's got to do his task. An' if there's time for the others
to do his job besides their own, there's time to do more for
Government. We'll see if the grass-cutters can't make up sixty bundles
a day, instead of forty. An' you're sure Grant, father, isn't shammin'
Abram, Tribe?"

"Yes, sir--quite."

"Fall out Grant, father, for hospital--an' pass to mess the rest.

The gangers saluted and passed to their messroom. This was a long
room on the southern side of the enclosure, the kitchen separating it
from a similar room where the "town gangs" messed. And "Grant, father"
stood, or rather staggered, solitary, save for the overseer, in the
mustering space by the gateway. He looked dazedly after the gangers,
for with them went "Grant, son." The younger man would have stayed had
he dared, but there was never any certainty about the System's methods
of interpretation. A reluctance to obey, which might have been
prompted by a pure filial regard, might have been construed as
insubordination. Had not a fellow been haled from that very yard to
the neighbouring triangle--a statue of "Albert the Good" now ennobles
the ensanguined spot!--for marching to the dormitory with his right
foot first, when the order had been given by the ex-soldier overseer
to lead off with the left? So "Grant, son"--not "Grant, second," that
would have meant a man of the same name, but no kinsman; nor "Grant,
the younger," for that would have signified a younger brother, whose
elder was on the same muster-roll--"Grant, son," moved to his food.
But it choked him. For, almost for the first time since they had been
hustled from the hulk at Plymouth to the convictship, father and son
were separated. With the ship's indent had come a memorandum-order
signed by a Very Great Personage indeed, requesting Governor Macquarie
to, as far as possible, keep father and son together. And Mr.
Secretary Campbell, who since 1810 had personally supervised every
"muster on arrival," had ordered that the two Grants should be placed
in the same gang. And Mr. Campbell was, to the official intellect, a
much greater man than the Personage, for he was present, and the
Personage was twenty thousand miles away. Did Mr. Campbell know the
precise relation to "Grant, father," of the other Grant? We do not
think he did; but the Personage did: of that we are convinced.

How, an impatient reader may here ask, could Mr. Campbell, who, as
said above, personally mustered the convicts, upon landing, remain
ignorant of the relationship if the Grants were respectively specified
as father and son? Wait.

There were two parties made up for the hospital daily--one at 8 a.m.,
and one on night muster. If a man took seriously ill between 5.30 p.m.
and 8 a.m., it was a highly irregular proceeding on his part, and one
distinctly to be discountenanced. Therefore, the System would not
provide for his removal between these hours. Old Grant, however, being
wise, had made his illness manifest in time to be sent with the "night
lot." And accordingly, a freed constable dragged him, not unkindly, to
the Rum Hospital next door. There we shall leave him. He concerns us
no more--directly.

Chapter III.

At ten o'clock, the night-constable on duty at the entrance-gate--he
had two watchmen selected from the prisoners to help him--passed up
into No. 5 dormitory. The door leading into the courtyard was not
locked, nor were the doors of the several rooms. This was one of the
eccentricities of the period for which there is no accounting. As a
rule, there was a superfluity of locks and bolts, but Hyde Park
Barracks, from 1819 to 1826, were never locked at night. In '26, a
plot to make a sortie on the sleeping town was discovered, and then
the System invested 13 10s. 9d. in padlocks of new and impregnable
design--which were all picked within a week. But this is by the way.

The night-constable, Thomas Crake, transport per the Three Bees on
that fatal trip when the mortality was so great as to shock even the
indurated sensibilities of a British statesman, passed from the
courtyard into No. 5. Up two flights of stairs went he, ghoul-like in
the crawling pat-pat of his list-slippered feet. And at the door of
No. 5 he stopped and touched the dozing watchman of the room on the
shoulder. "Grant's son--wake up Grant's son. The old man's a-slippin'
'is wind! 'E's got to go ter horspital, quick!"

The watchman rubbed his eyes and saluted. It was only a constable who
stood by, but his fine reverence for authority, coupled with a
profound distaste for lashes, suggested the salute. And so he made it
before he moved between the hammocks to rouse "Grant, son."

From floor to roof ran stanchions of timber--a row against the walls,
another row seven feet distant towards the middle of the room. Across
the stanchions were nailed rails or battens, and from these were
suspended the hammocks. Twenty inches of width space was allowed to
each hammock. For some that narrow bed held a fiercer hell than even
the System maintained outside, for their consciences stirred
malevolently even in their dreams. For others, again, the hammock was
Paradise. These latter drifted back in their visions to the scenes of
innocence; to the spots untainted by travail of spirit or by sense of
injustice or wrong-doing. For a brief space they forgot.

There were others still--some who were awake; who never seemed to
sleep; who were perpetually crying in these night hours after their
lost youth--the youth perhaps they had never known. Surely there is a
heaven to give some people the youth they never knew here!

Among these last was young Grant. Amid the animals who snored off
their fatigue, amid the more delicate souls which sighed remorse or
laughed in their sleep, young Grant was awake. He could not sleep--
prescient, perhaps, of impending trouble, slumber refused to touch his

Before the watchman had reached his hammock he had started up. In
this ward--No. 5 was good conduct dormitory--it was unusual for the
watchman to patrol after silence-bell; and as he heard the muffled
steps between the sleepers, he knew instinctively he was wanted. In
the same instant that the watchman muttered his name, he spoke.

"Grant, son?" The full name slipped off the tongue, mechanically
alert by frequent repetition.

"Me; yes, I'm awake, Butchy. Is it the--old man?"

"Yes, sonny--Grant, father, be bad. So Const'ble Crake, he ses."

The young fellow leapt out of the hammock instantly.

"Yer'll get into it, a-sleepin' in yer ducks an' shirt, some time, my
lad, if you don't take care."

But the words passed unheeded. "Grant, son," was at the door.

"Oh, Mr. Crake--"

"W'y don't yer s'lute?" growled the officer, tetchy even in that
hour, and though he stood on the verge of an infamy, as to a fancied

The lad saluted. And then, quivering with an alarm he did not try to
disguise, he pressed his inquiry.

"Mr. Crake, is father--is he worse?"

"Come 'long, and I'll tell yer!"

Chapter IV.

Down the stairs they passed, into the court-yard. As they paused at
the last step Constable Crake clutched the waist of young Grant and

"I know all 'bout yer, m' lady! I've bin waitin' for this chance for
a long time!"

"O God!--but, Mr. Crake, my father--is he worse, is he dyin'?"

"--your father! Think I care anythin' 'bout the ol' lag?"

Young Grant tried to wrest the clasped arm free.

"No yer don't! Yer've to lis'en to wot I've got ter say."


"I dunno, an' don't care! 'E can die as quick as lightning for all I
care. It's on'y yer as I care for, m' beauty!" He flung his free arm
round the neck of the other and kissed young Grant's cheeks.

"Leave go! leave go! or I'll cry out!"

"No yer won't, m' beauty! If there's any public row 'bout this the
'Thorities 'll 'ave ter take it up, an' then, m' beauty, yer'll all be
in for it--th' brother yer tried ter save by comin' out in his place,
an' yer father fer lyin' 'bout yer, an' yerself fer a-deceivin' of
Guv' munt!"

"O God!"

"'E can't 'elp yer! There ain't no God out 'ere--we all left God
be'ind us in th' Channel."

"What--d'ye--want?" Young Grant was gasping.

"Ah, oh, so an' pretty's a-comin' to reason, is she? That's right!
I'll be a friend to 'er then. An' that's all I want, ter be a friend
to yer. Yer understand, don't yer, m' beauty?"

The lamp by the gateway was flashing a quavering beam into the
court--yard. By it Mr. Crake saw her lips quiver, but he could not
hear words. They were an assent though--at least, he reasoned so.

"That's right, m' pretty. Now, yer just got ter come to me three
times a week, while yer ol' man's in horspital. An' 'e ain't a-goin'
ter come out in an 'urry either. I heard the report ter-night--he may
live five years, but 'll never do work agen--'e's goin' looney--"

"Oh!--" The cry of smitten love rang through the stillness. But
there was no echo, the distantly receding footsteps of the patrol
marched down by the watch-house, and answered the challenge of the
sentry there by "All's well!"

Crake stopped her mouth with his hand. "Shout agen, yer--'ussy, and
I'll blow th' gaff ter-morrer on yer all--an' th' Gov'nor can't but
'elp then but get that b'utiful brother of yourn 'rested arter all.
An' yer dad won't be too looney to flog--nobody's too looney to flog.
An' as for yer, wot yer refuse me, wot I ax perlite like, yer'll 'ave
ter give ter everybody that axes--beaks an' sodgers an' constables.
They ain't goin' ter let a purty piece o' goods like yer slip through
their 'ands. An' 'tis better for yer ter 'av one friend 'n not fifty.
An' I don't say as I'll marry yer, but I don't mind a-tryin' ter get
yer 'signed ter me. An' then yer'll be in clover, m' missy!" He
stopped to take breath, and to emit an anticipatory chuckle at the
sensation which would be caused at the transformation of "Grant, son,"
into "Tom Crake's 'signed 'ooman!" But some laughter is premature.

Chapter V.

Before his cackle ended, the girl had recovered something of that
presence of mind and that readiness of resource which had enabled her,
in the first instance, to deceive the hulk-keeper at Plymouth as she
substituted herself for the twin-brother, who was wanted at home to
keep the mother and the younger children from starving--and then, for
the succeeding fifteen months, to have evaded discovery by shipmates,
by constables, and by fellow-convicts. And with that restoration to
self-command she revealed a sudden coyness.

"Yes, Mr. Crake! I see what you mean! An', o' course, it 'ud be
better to have only--one friend--than to be--but you'll keep th'
secret, Mr. Crake?"

"O' course, m' pretty! I don't allow no other chaps to sit down in
my nest!"

"Then, Mr. Crake, you can--do as you like--to-morrow night!"

"No you don't!" He swore a great oath. "To-night or--I'll peach

"I'll swear to you, Mr. Crake--I'll swear to you I'll give myself to
you to--morrow night. In the mess-room--my week for night messing
begins to--morrow, an' I take the key an' give it to Mr. Grove. An'
I'll not lock the--door, y' see--only pretend to."

And Crake, whose conduct this night was the fruit of an impulse
suddenly originated by the news communicated in the gossip of the
guard--room of old Grant's illness, was reluctantly compelled to admit
there was a wisdom in "Young Grant's" suggestion. But he swore, with
fearful oaths, that he would not only disclose her secret but would
drag her to the gutters if she failed in her appointment.

She tendered him a kiss in proof of her sincerity, and was mounting
the stairs again when a thought struck her, and quickly she ran back.

"Mr. Crake, Mr. Crake!" she half-whispered, half-cried. He, nearing
the lodge, heard her and returned.

"Yes?--so yer thought better o' it?"

She took no heed, but went on with her question.

"Mr. Crake, I'll--give you another kiss now--two, or as many as you
want--if--if--ye'll only tell me how--you found me out?"

"Found yer out, m' dear? W'y, I suspected--I'm an ol' searcher at
the Factory,1 m' beauty, an' yer ain't th' first 'ooman by 'arf-a-
dozen who's come out for 'er man or 'er father or 'er brother--an'
w'en I suspected yer, wot d'ye think I did?"

The girl was silent; but he laughed long, though subduedly.

"W'y, I gave yer ol' man a bit o' baccy now an' then, an' 'e peached
on yer at last!" Again he laughed.

"My father--I'll never believe it!"

"Oh, but he did, m' beauty! An' now for them kisses..."

        *   *   *   *   *

When, the next morning but one, the cooks entered the mess-room, they
solved a trifling difficulty which had harassed the convict watchmen
at the gate. What had become of Constable Crake? He had left the lodge
about midnight, and had not returned.

The cooks discovered why he had not returned. He lay on one of the
mess-tables with his throat cut. 1 The last woman hanged in Sydney
before the cessation of transportation was attired in a green dress.
1 In 1815, male constables were employed as searchers at the Female
Factory, Parramatta.


I.--The Preliminaries.

Chapter I.

PHILIP FRANKE was his name, and his grade was Overseer of the Outer
Domain Gang. Originally a drummer-boy in the 73rd Regiment, he, by
much musical beating of the tattoo and reveille, and by a fine
enthusiasm in the use of the cat when a comrade was lashed to the
halberds in Barrack Square, had achieved promotion in the regiment. He
had won the sergeant's stripes, and with them the commendation of his
superiors, and the hearty, undisguised hatred of every one--
"Government labour," soldier, or lower class "free"--over whom at any
time he exercised authority. A pleasant fellow to look at, save that
he was rather undersized, he had a round chubbiness of feature which
was suggestive of Primeval Innocence and Uncorrupted Virtue. No man
could look more un--Systematic or more cherubic; and when Mr. Lewin,
the distinguished botanist and artist, was searching for models for
the group of angels he was painting for the lady of his Excellency
Governor Macquarie--Mrs. Macquarie favoured Mr. Lewin with many
commissions--it is not surprising to learn, firstly, that Lieutenant-
Colonel O'Connell promised to send him some one from the Barracks who
he thought would serve Mr. Lewin's purpose; and, secondly, that
Sergeant Philip Franke was, in consequence, depicted by the artist as
reposing on a remarkably neat arrangement of snowy cumuli.

The incident is mentioned here as demonstrating the regard in which
his officers held Franke, and also as indicating the foundation for
the widespread convict belief that Franke would never get any nearer
heaven than those pictured clouds would carry him.

Truth to say, the qualities which were most generally manifested by
Philip Franke were not such as to commend him to the loving
appreciation of the "Government labour," or of the rank-and-file. And
when on the 19th day of March, 1814, it was known that Sergeant Franke
had received his Excellency's special permission to remain behind when
his regiment was relieved by the 46th under Colonel Molle, there was a
wild break-out of hilarity in Barrack Square, and a corresponding
depression of spirits among the out-labour passports. For in the same
breath that it was made known that Franke had received Governor
Macquarie's permission, it was announced that he retired on pension to
the Overseership of the O. D. Gang.

His Excellency the Major-General's farewell proclamation to the 73rd
was read out by the Brigade-Major at morning parade. When the

In adverting to their Services in this Colony, although unhappily
Events have occurred which must always occasion the deepest Regret, as
well to the Corps as to the Major-General, it must be recollected that
the Odium attending those ACTS OF DEPRAVITY ought in Justice only to
extend to the Perpetrators of them, was reached, a murmur rolled
through the ranks--"Acts o' depravutty! Th' spyin o' Sargeant Franke,
th' measley sot!" The files on parade had memories that at that
particular moment were not to be appeased by rounded periods of
glowing eulogy. His Excellency went on to express his opinion that--

This Station has not afforded the usual Field for Military Glory,
but, in as far as the industrious Exertions of those Non-commissioned
Officers and Privates who could be spared from Military Duty have been
concerned, this Colony is much indebted for many useful Improvements,
which, but for the soldiers of the 73rd Regiment, must have remained
only in the Contemplation of those anxious for its Civilization for a
Length of Time.

He might go even beyond that magnificent tribute--he might go to the
length of averring that--

The Comforts enjoyed by the Colonists in Consequence of the zealous
and laborious Exertions of the Soldiers of the 73rd Regiment will long
be remembered with their grateful Recollections.

But even balm of that sort could not heal the wound Macquarie had
inflicted when he had given Corporal Franke an extra stripe for
playing the sneak and turning barrack-room and parade-ground into
subdivisions of hell.

Healing for that wound came only when it was known later the same day
that Sergeant Franke was to stop behind, having obtained fifty acres
of land and an overseership.

"But, O Lord, boys, what'll life be worth now for them convicts as
he's over?"

This was the barrack-room sentiment. And it was not thought merely
and kept in the thinker's own mind, but spoken openly without reserve
as a soldier should speak. And it was applauded bravely when spoken.

For with the sergeant would pass away the chief spy of the regiment,
and the lesser spies feared the rank-and-file more than they were
regarded by the officers. None of the lesser spies were gifted like
Phil Franke with sweet manners and a cherub's face, and consequently
none could get the ear of the Colonel and the Major-General. With
every disposition to emulate Franke's career as a reporter to the High
Powers of barrack and guard-room discontent, two or three non-coms.
and several privates had been unfortunately deprived by Nature of the
qualities necessary for success. Which circumstance, if looked at in
the proper light, will appear a matter for regret, inasmuch as in the
barrack-room of the 73rd rebellion was always in an incipient stage,
and the expenditure on a few military executions would have conduced
greatly to the prosperity of the country.1 At any time in our colonial
history up to 1825 it would have been an easy thing for our Praetorian
Guards to have wrested the control of the colony from the Constituted
Powers, and more than one such plot had been in course of incubation
within the quarters of the 73rd. That the eggs were addled was largely
due to our hero, Franke.

Chapter II.

Overseer Franke was installed in office the day after the 73rd had
marched down to the Cove and embarked for Calcutta. The Outer Domain
Gang, as was the case with all low-class labour (as distinguished from
the mechanics), were quartered on the west side of the town in the
sheds that surrounded the Old Country Gaol. From their squalid living-
place to the scene of their daily work was a good three-mile walk, and
that distance suggested to the fertile brain of the Overseer an idea.
It occurred to him the very day he assumed command, but he was too
astute to play the new broom all at once, so he deferred promulgating
it in the ears of the Authorities till he had been some weeks in

Then he enunciated it to the Superintendent of Convicts, and the
Superintendent of Convicts passed it on approvingly to the Chief
Engineer, and the Chief Engineer quietly appropriated it as his own,
and strongly recommended it to Governor Macquarie, who was graciously
pleased, in his capacity of Head of the State and Deputy-Providence,
to adopt it.

Now, the idea, when we come to state it in cold-blooded print at this
time of day, does not challenge admiration either by its daring
audacity or sublime originality. The defect, however, is not in the
idea, but in us. To appreciate an historic fact, you must weigh and
estimate it in the light of the day on which it happened. And the day
when Overseer Franke generated, and the Chief Engineer appropriated,
and the Governor acted upon the Idea, was the Day of Small Economies.
The genius of Old Sydney in Macquarie's early years of administration
was the genius of lavish expenditure, but in his later epoch, the fine
old ruler worshipped at the throne of another God. Things were so
skimped that even the hangmen were compelled to be economical in the
matter of hemp. They wished to hang twenty Condemned one day in '21 in
Lower George Street, and the Sheriff could not succeed in getting
together more rope than would suffice to "top off" nineteen. It would
have detained the crowd and the Sheriff another hour from breakfast to
have hanged No. 20 with the rope which had already despatched No. 1,
and so, as the high functionary dare not anticipate his next quarter's
advance by purchasing rope on credit, he put back No. 20 for a week.

It is from the circumstance, then, that the spirit of economy was
abroad that Mr. Franke's idea derives its importance.

Instead of marching his gang from quarters to the site of their work
every morning, and marching them back every night, he proposed that he
should camp out with them the week through, bringing them in for
muster--and divine service--from Saturday to Monday.

This was his plan. In the light of the Administration, it was
Splendid, Capital! For it promised to save the Government, time,
sinew, boots, money. If, in the process of economy, it also lost a
soul or two, well, that consideration could not be permitted access to
the Authorities' judgment for one second's audience.

Mr. F. A. Hely, Principal Superintendent of Convicts, once remarked
to Father Ullathorne, Vicar-General of Roman Catholics: "Absurd, my
dear sir! You ask us to consider souls. That's your business! The
Administration has to consider cash!"

And Mr. Hely was right. He generally was. When, for instance, he sent
seventy-three assigned servants--exactly fifty more than he was
entitled to--to his estate of 5120 acres, an estate for which he had
paid 16 13s. 4d., there can't be the least doubt he was right.
Consequently, being never in error, his opinion as to the folly of
giving heed to souls when cash was concerned, must be respected.

Chapter III.

Nevertheless, that heedlessness was the weak spot in Franke's plan,
as the sequel proved. It precipitated his pegging-out.

When Franke took charge of the gang there was about five years'
clearing work to do on the hilly land which ran from Windmill Ridge to
the South Head Road. All the area now known as Darlinghurst was then
wooded, sparsely in places, but for the most part the timber was
thick. The task of clearing and burning-off with such appliances as
were at command of the outer gang was heavy, and the allowance of five
years' time was by no means excessive for the undertaking. The Chief
Engineer, however, was able to report, two years after the new
Overseer had originated his idea, that the marked-out work would be
completed by the gang a good twelve months under the allotted period.
For this satisfactory achievement the C. E. not unnaturally took the
most considerable proportion of credit, but still he did not withhold
some tribute of appreciation from Franke. The Overseer, indeed, should
have had all, as it was by his plan that the gang had got through so
much work.

The only people dissatisfied were the gangers. The average number of
men in the gang was twenty, and the official power which directly
controlled them was made up by the Overseer, three soldiers, and a
scourger. Notwithstanding this ample manifestation of care by the
Authorities, the gang grew discontented, and had to be soothed back at
sundry times into contentment and resignation by two hangings, about a
dozen of imprisonments, and several score of floggings.

But even gentle remedies of that kind were not potent to keep always
within bounds the turbulence of felon-spirits that feel themselves
injured by three things which we shall enumerate in the order of their
importance as they stood in the estimation of the genial Overseer's

Firstly, the gangers objected to the deprivation of their daily
walk, or rather shuffle--men with single or double irons on could not
walk--to and from the town barracks. They would not have minded so
much had the time, ordinarily consumed by the out-gangs in passing
from the barracks to the working-places and back again, been allowed
them for rest. But that was not so; they had to work those two or
three hours. Thus their hours of labour were literally from sunrise to
sunset, though other gangs worked, say, three hours less.

Secondly, the camping-out system practically gave control of their
ration and clothes allowances to Overseer Franke. And Overseer Franke,
as became an intelligent officer of the System, was not slothful in
the business of deriving a very substantial addition to his recognized
emoluments from those same allowances.

And, thirdly, they lost the sweet solace of companionship with minds
that ran in other grooves of duty, which they would have enjoyed had
they been barracked nightly. "There is no apparent motive for the
prisoner's murder of the deceased!" remarked C. J. Forbes, at a later
day, in the preface to his summing-up on a capital charge. "Beg your
Honour's parding!" interrupted the prisoner, with a courteous desire
to set the judge--all things considered, the noblest man who ever sat
on a N.S.W. Supreme Court Bench--right, "my motive's plain 'nuff. I
wanted a change! I got so wery tired of gang-work--there was no
wariety in it at all!" Well, that was just the matter with Franke's
gangers. The nightly chat in barracks would have been a safety-valve
for their natures, and conveyed some refreshment to their minds; but
in camp their speech was dammed-up, and their lips, if they did move
audibly after "lights out!" were in danger of being sealed with a
leaden seal. "Fire into the tents, sentry, if yer hear as the men's
a--talkin' together. They may be concoctin' mutiny!" Thus the seven
men who, on the average, were the occupants of each tent (eight by
eight its floor area) were dumb perforce.

There is no tyranny like that of the petty tyrant, and there is no
torture like that suffered by his victims. The very littleness of the
source of authority adds another and acuter pang to the pain. Had the
thousand and one miserable restrictions imposed by ex-Sergeant Franke
been directly ordered by a nominal gentleman, or by an officer of
commissioned rank, they would have been borne the easier. Only a man
with vermin-soul could have designed and put into force some of the
methods adopted by Mr. Franke for the subjugation of his men, and
being what he was, he was not restrained by any regard for the common
humanity which the convict shared with himself, such as even a Foveaux
or a Rossell affected (if he did not feel) at times. Intoxicate a
creature of his low stamp with the absolutism of power, and you would
develop a wretch that even Pluto, who, so far as is known of him, has
one or two gentlemanly instincts, would surely be loth to employ.
Foveaux, after hanging a man in the presence of his wife and child,
patted the latter on its back kindly and told it to "Never mind!
mammy'll get you a new daddy soon, p'r'aps!" Franke would not have
done that--he would have shown the little one its father dangling at
the rope's-end, and would have smiled as he did it.

For Franke was the most ingeniously devilish of the low-caste sons
of the System that we have come across. To what degree of excellence
he would have attained had the Outer Domain Gang not interrupted his
official career it is impossible to say.

That thing they did: in the third year of his Overseership they
shortened his official career--at least so far as the System was
concerned, for there is no saying what use could be found for him
other-where--by terminating his life.

Now that was unkind of the gang, it will be admitted. The amount of
work done by it under Phil Franke's intelligent direction was so much
larger, as we have said, than could have been expected, that the Chief
Engineer had marked out for Franke in his mind's eye a wider and still
more remunerative field of labour. And of these new emoluments and
this deserved promotion, Franke'sgangers robbed him.

Chapter IV.

There had come a new man to the gang. Occasionally, though rarely, it
happened that a ganger would remain deaf to the wiles of the System,
and would refuse to extend his seven years to fourteen, or his
fourteen to "life." The men of Old Sydney held out countless
inducements to Government men to extend their term of "Gov'ment
labour" indefinitely, or till it reached the foot of the gallows, but
now and then it would occur that a transport resisted the temptation
in the shape of scourgings and starvings to remain on the muster-
rolls, and became free.

Such an event had just happened. One Saturday evening when the gang
went into the town for Sunday Chapel and muster, one of the gangers
dropped out an expiree, and Mr. Overseer Franke was consequently able
to present no more than eighteen at the muster.

"Overseer Franke, how is it your gang is only eighteen?" demanded the
Barrack-master; "your strength's twenty."

"Yes, sir, but your Honour has forgotten that one man got his
certificate yesternight--"

"That's nineteen!"

"And one is waitin' trial, your Honour, for assaultin' me."

"Ah, that's the score, but you're still one short, then! There, go to
No. 2 yard and pick out a likely fellow."

"Yes, sir!"

And in a second, he had passed into the inner quadrangle of the
Muster--yard--some of the stone wall is still standing--where one
hundred and forty newly-landed transports were huddled, pending

Up and down the ranks of sickly wretches--they had been seven months
on the voyage, and short of water and lime-juice for the last month--
he passed, closely scrutinizing the cargo. It was a regulation that
the Governor, or, if that was not convenient, the Colonial Secretary,
should allot each new-comer to the work for which he was best suited.
The regulation had been obeyed in the case of the Coromandel cargo. On
the previous morning (Saturday) his Excellency had inspected the
"indent," and had selected every man who said he was, or seemed to be,
a mechanic. Then he had ordered the rest to "gang-labour," and thus
left them to the tender mercies of the Overseer. There are more ways
than one of carrying out a regulation.

"A crawling, scurvy lot!" commented Overseer Franke to the yard
constable. "I want a strong, wiry 'un, an' there don't seem to be one
in the batch."

"Try this cove wots over here," suggested the constable, and pointed
as he spoke to where a man, under the medium height, but otherwise
well--proportioned, stood, the centre of a ragged group. "This chap
ain't much muscle to look at, but he's blooded--he's got sperrit, I
should say, an' 'udn't prove a shiser. You try him, Mr. Franke, sir.
Here, you feller, stand out!"

The "fellow" stood. The grime of confinement did not blur altogether
the fine lines of his face, and the delicate nostrils of the long
nose, the sweep of the eyelashes, and the chiselling of the mouth,
indicated blood and gentle nurture, while the straightforward, lucid
eyes spoke equally clearly of a disposition of integrity. It was a
mystery how such a man came to be included in the ring of degraded
scum, possibly only to be explained by a sudden lapse into a criminal
deed, or, as an alternative (of which there are many instances in
convict archives), that he was bearing the brunt of some rich or great
man's crime.

"Your name, feller?"

"Edgar Allison Mann," was the reply, respectful in tone.

"Edgar Man!" exclaimed the Overseer, aghast at the fancied affront to
his dignity. "Man! Do you know as you're talking to a Hoverseer?"

"Mann, sir, I said--M-a-n-n! Edgar Allison are my Christian names."

"Ah, that's it, is it! Now, jest look here, young feller, we ain't a-
goin' to put up with your inserlence."

"I meant no insolence! You misunderstood me, sir!"

"Misunderstood yer, did I! Now, wot's that but inserlence, I'd like
to know? Ain't it inserlence, constable?"

"It must be, Mr. Franke, sir, if you say so; you have 'ad more
experience than me, sir."

"By my lights, my flash cove, I'll have to take your flashness out of
yer. A-tellin' me that I misunderstood yer! Wot'll yer say next, I


The yard-constable held his breath; Overseer Franke let his tongue
loll out in amazement; did he hear aright, or had his senses deceived
him? Did the audacious transport really mean to call him all that? The
only sound to be heard in that yard for some seconds was the half-
suppressed chuckle from a transport who was out on his second voyage:
"Lord, ain't the swell a-crackin' a whid in prime twig!"1

"Wot's that yer say?" Franke, when he had got over the shock, said.
"Wot's that?"

Word for word, pausing between each as he had done before, the
transport repeated his former speech.

The whole yard looked for a burst of anger, and an immediate
presentment of the offender before the Barrack-master with a request
for condign punishment. A genius like Franke, however, was above doing
what common constables and newly-landed transports expected from him.
He knew a trick worth two of immediate punishment.

"Yer'll do, my man! I likes a feller with pluck for my gang, for it
gives me som'at to do to break him in! March to the outer yard there--
yer are a--going to jine No. 3 Outer, d'ye hear that?"

When Mr. Franke marched back on Monday morning to the heights beyond
Windmill Ridge, there went with him Edgar Allison Mann, No. 14--736,
as the twentieth man of his gang.

Chapter V.

Mann adjusted himself with philosophic fortitude to the terrible
conditions under which he was placed. Reticent as to his past, he
strove by whispered word and the example of a manly bearing where the
whole routine was carefully designed to stamp out even the physical
type of manliness, to encourage his wretched fellow-gangers to look to
the future, to bear up under the infinite degradations of the present
by forcing their minds to anticipate a brighter and happier time. His
influence at the end of three months was extraordinary. Even the
Overseer could not but notice it, and should have rejoiced at it, as
in the quietude of the gang they worked better. But their superior
discipline provoked Franke, for it was none of his doing--caused,
instead, by a spirit which he regarded as rebellious, and by methods
he considered insubordinate, and Mann's conquest over the rude hearts
of his fellow-gangers was the more galling as it was a proof that he,
the Overseer, had failed to break Mann's spirit in the first week of
the young transport's inclusion in the gang.

He had taken offence at the way Mann saluted him, and understanding
clearly that nothing was more harassing to a convict of "superior
position" than the necessity he was hourly under of "capping" to the
penal officers, he put him through a course of instruction. He had
permitted the soldier--guard to supervise the labour of the gang one
forenoon while he devoted himself to "a-larnin' the gen'elman how to

For three mortal hours he kept Mann marching to and fro on a path six
yards long in front of the tents. He sat on a stool in the opening of
a tent, midway between the points at which the convict had to turn
upon his heel, and every time of passing, he ordered the prisoner to

"One, two, three, four--s'lute. Hand to your peak; higher, feller!"
Mann would obey and proceed. Returning, it would be--

"One, two, three, four--s'lute. Left hand to left leg, right brought
smartly up, an' held there till yer pass the orf'cer as yer payin'
honour to--d'ye hear that, pris'ner, a-payin' honour to!"--he would
laugh gaily here, as though to accentuate the stabbing insult; then
"One, two, three, four." And so to the end of the walk.

After that exercise of three hours' duration, Mr. Franke turned to
the transport, and said, with a heavenly smile lighting up his
cherub's visage--

"And now, Mann, d'yer think yer'll know another day 'ow to salute

"I think so, sir!" responded Mann, with as sweet a smile. "I think
so! I'll not forget this lesson." And in the self-abasement which dare
not groan aloud, he resolved he would not.

He dare not groan at that or countless other insults, because
groaning would have provoked the application of the lash to his back.
And Mann dare not, for his soul's sake, do that. Like the poor sinner
at Macquarie Harbour, who told Surgeon Barnes that once he was flogged
he did not care a brass farden what became of him--he'd as soon go to
hell as not--for his thoughts were hell after the lash had bitten him
(Charles Buller, to whom the Australias owe so much, wept as he heard
Barnes' narrative)--Mann knew he was done for once the cat stung him.
He would no longer be a man--a human being; he would be an animal that
cringed before such a creature as Phil Franke, or he would be a
desperate, blood-craving beast. No, he dare not be flogged. Always he
held himself up with that hope that he would always keep to the
weather-side of the Overseer's mad passion.

But there was no knowing what a day would bring forth in Old Sydney
times, when the monarch of the hour was a cherub of the Franke
variety. Mann was flogged--forty stripes save one. "That's
Scriptooral, pris'ner," grinned the Cherub--forty was Overseer's
limit--"an' I'll take care the scourger don't give yer more. Peel!"

"Peel," he, Mann, perforce did; and as he stripped for the
punishment, he swore to his Maker that, before the next Saturday, the
Cherub should have a chance of seeing what the earth looked like from
another sphere.

The cause of the punishment was Mann's championship of another

The weekly ration of O.D. Gang consisted of four pounds of salt pork
one week, and seven pounds of fresh beef the next, the flour-food
being, week in and week out, ten pounds of wheat and six pounds of
maize, ground by the prisoners themselves, in their own time, mixed
with cold water.

But Overseer Franke, having been appointed, by reason of being in
"detached camp," a storekeeper, was entitled to make issues from store
to himself, as Overseer. And he would not have attained to the
eminence he possessed as an official if he had not contrived to turn
this arrangement to account.

As Storekeeper, he was entitled to buy, at the rate fixed by the
Governor, meat, wheat, and maize, giving an order on the Deputy-
Commissary--General for the payment.

As Storekeeper, he would issue to the Overseer (himself) the
scheduled allowance of rations, taking his own receipt for the
quantity of produce.

And as Overseer, he would issue to his men what he pleased. And he
pleased to issue very little. He, as a fact, robbed them of nearly

One Monday an elderly transport, a coarse, languid, brutish "First--
fleeter," working in the hot sun, fell ill. He was thrust into the
shade of the gums till knock-off time, and then carried to the tent,
one of the tent-party being Mann.

In the still watches of a moonlit night, the sick man became
delirious for want of nourishment or from the sunstroke. Mann rose
and, as noiselessly as possible, so as not to disturb the other poor
fellows whom slumber mocked, asked him, "Could he do anything for
him?" But the First-fleeter, in his delirium, made no coherent answer.

Mann went to the fly-opening, and called: "Sentry!"

The one sentinel on night duty--twelve hours at a stretch--challenged
him and ordered him to stand.

"Prisoner's dying!" Mann never would permit himself to fall into the
use of the corrupt form "pris'ner," though nearly everybody, from the
Governor, Judges, and parsons, down to the children in the streets,
made the word a dissyllable. "Prisoner's dying!"

The challenge had awoke the Overseer. He came to the mouth of his
tent: "What's that?"

"Pris'ner sick in No. 1," reported the sentry.

"Who's that talking?"

"I--Mann--No. 20."

"Back to your bed, Mann! Wot d'yer mean, my fine swell, disturbin'
the gang at this hour?"

"The man--Cummings--is dying!"

"Wot's that to yer if he is! The rule o' camp is no talkin' arter
'lights out.' Back--"

"You are a murdering villain if you let this poor devil die!"

"Fire, sentry! Fire!" And by virtue of the authority which reposed in
the bosom of the Overseer, the sentry obeyed. He fired point-blank--
Mann had thrown himself down on his side of the tent--and First-
fleeter Cummings' delirium merged into and ended with one deep, low

In the flapping of a swallow's wing the young convict was out in the

"Shoot me, you murderous scoundrel! Shoot me, if you dare, and all
the soldiers in the colony will not save you from the dogs. Shoot me
as you've shot that prisoner after starving him--he was ill because
you robbed him of his rations. You've as much right to shoot me as
that other, for you've robbed me, all of us, of our rations."

A minute of silence. Then the Cherub spoke to some purpose.

"No, no, my fine feller--we don't waste powder an' shot on gentles.
That's the death they like. It's the cat as yer don't like, an' it's
the cat as yer a-goin' to have. Scourger!"

At two o'clock in the morning, on the height of Woolloomooloo, with
the soft sea-breezes chanting plaintively through sassafrass and
eucalyptus, Mann got his thirty-nine! Thirty-nine was scriptural.

Chapter VI.

From that morning Mann changed bodily, mentally, morally. From that
morning he lived only for revenge; he would not even wait to see what
justice would come forth at the Sunday muster.

When the gang went out to day-labour, the camp was in charge of the
soldier who had gone on duty at daybreak. This day the soldier,
instead of taking his usual sleep, was obliged to continue his
sentinelship, for he had to watch over the writhing body of Convict
Mann and the stiff one of Convict Cummings.

What passed between Mann and the sentry can be inferred by the
circumstance that the soldier threw in his fate with the gang when
they made their bolt, as they did three nights later--on the Thursday.

On the Thursday night they bolted, under Mann's leadership, and
seized a schooner which lay out in the main stream. Overseer Franke,
of course, raised a remonstrance as to their going, but they treated
it as unpolitely as they did his complaint that they were hurting him,
when they pegged him out--alive--with tent-pegs and lines--on an ant-
hill in the heavily--timbered gorge between two hills.

Alive--with food just outside of his reach--and a bullet-hole through
his right hand, into which aperture the ants were directed by the
ingenuity of one Mann, who made a sweet track of the Overseer's ration
sugar from a hole in the hill to the hole in the hand.

About eight or nine years afterwards, Mr. Absalom West was clearing
some ground in Bark 'Um Glen--now refined into Barcom--when he came
upon a skeleton--pegged out.

II.--The Completion Of The Deed

Chapter I.

OVERSEER FRANKE, of the Outer Domain Gang, working on the heights of
Woolloomooloo, and engaged in clearing (by means of convicts' agony)
the wooded ranges of hills and network of gullies, so as to make room
for the perfume-breathing plants of civilization, had been rudely
interrupted in his slumbers. One of the gang, Convict Cummings, being
half-starved, sun-smitten, and overworked, had become delirious in the
mid-hours of the night, and another transport--Mann--had set the
Regulations at defiance by imploring the sentry's aid for the sick
wretch, his tent-mate. Thereupon, Mr. Overseer Franke had awoke from
his beauty-sleep and had ordered the sentry to still Mann's rebellious
tongue with a bullet. The sentry fired in Mann's direction, but the
bullet had found its destined billet in Convict Cummings' body--and
Convict Cummings had ceased from troubling. Unfortunately, the wicked
Mann, having evaded the shot, did not rest. He upbraided Overseer
Franke for having murdered Cummings. He became positively insulting--
and was flogged.

At two o'clock in the morning, at a spot somewhere, we take it,
about where Liverpool Street of Modern Sydney dips into Womerah
Avenue, Darling-hurst, Convict Edgar Allison Mann received thirty-nine

And Mann was "gently born"; and when the back of a gently-born
transport had once been stained with the infamous stigma of the lash-
point, only two things, if he were not to become utterly bestial,
remained for him to do: to kill his tyrant, and--to die.

And Convict Mann, being at heart a really fine fellow--being,
moreover, a firm believer in Shandy's doctrine that a man's name
influenced his character; being, in a word, manly, lost not a minute
in coming to the resolve to do both things.

"Peel!" had ordered Overseer Franke.

Mann had obeyed, making a remark as he did so:

"Flog me, and by God who looks from the heaven above, you're a dead
man, Mr. Franke!" And then correcting himself, as though before he
were subjected to the degrading ordeal he would assert his manhood, he
repeated the words, but dropped the title. "You're a dead man,

"Scourger--thirty-nine!" laughed Franke. He might have made the
penalty forty lashes--beyond forty an overseer could not go--but he
read his Bible, did Franke--also the Regulations. "Thirty-nine" was
Scriptural. And it was one on the safe side of the Regulation

        *   *   *   *   *

All through the next day when the only living occupants of the camp
were the sentry (the one who had shot Cummings) and himself--Cummings
was, of course, also there, but though he was a present horror and
outrage, he was in the past tense--Convict Mann nourished himself upon
the lees of his cup of shame. And the draught turned to the acid of
revenge in his mouth. By the time the gang returned to work after the
nooning repast, he had forgotten, however, for a brief space, his
physical pangs in the pleasure of anticipation.

He had formed a scheme by which to obtain the freedom of the gang and
his revenge upon Overseer Franke.

The one recreation permitted to the gangers was a rare plunge into
the waters of the inlet since known as Rushcutter's Bay, which was
granted to them whenever they visited the Bay for the purpose of
renewing the stock of rushes which composed their beds. The sedge at
that time not only covered densely the low-lying areas between the
arms of the Bay, but ran out in the inlet itself, and to gain a clear
plunge the convicts were obliged to advance some hundreds of yards
from the proper beach-line. More than one poor devil, having got so
far, thought he would go farther, and had sought to dive and swim
beyond the military guards' range. If the soldiers missed, however,
there were other and still more vigilant guards (the sharks), and
these never, so the Authorities believed, missed their man.

On the last occasion, six weeks before, on which Overseer Franke had
thought it desirable to refresh his "labour" with a bath and with new
bedding, Mann, with another ganger, going out a little further than
the others, found that a derelict ship's boat had been tide-borne into
the Bay, and had nosed a short way into the spiky sea-growths. Their
hearts had laboured mightily at the discovery, for the fates would be
cruel indeed if, with such a tool to their hands, they could not win
freedom somehow. They had kept the knowledge of the boat to
themselves. They had driven the craft with all their might farther
into the sedge, and then had diverted the attention of their fellow-
gangers from the vicinity by raising the cry of "A shark! a shark!"
and by retreating hurriedly from the spot. And all the time that had
intervened, the knowledge of the boat hidden in the rushes had soothed
the ache of the hearts and hands of the two men. The boat was oarless,
that was one disadvantage, but they did not always think of the
deficiency. They dwelt upon what they had, not upon that which they
had not.

This day--a Tuesday--which Convict Mann spent in camp, brooding over
his shame and his revenge, he thought less, perhaps, of the boat than
he had on other days--till the afternoon. Then, the recollection
flashed upon him, and, all gashed and pain-stricken as he was, he
strove to act upon it. He called the sentry.

"Sentry! Can I speak to you?"

The soldier paused in his wearisome walk by the tent-mouth.

"Yes, Mann."

"Will you do me a favour?"

"Ef it ben't agen Reg'lashuns."

There was a moment's silence. Then--

"It's against the letter of the Regulations, but not against their

"I don't know wot yer mean."

"Well, the Regulation is that flogged prisoners should be turned out
to work as soon as possible after the flogging, isn't it?"


"Then I wish to get better soon--to get about the quicker. And a dip
in the bay'll heal--the--back--quickly. The salt is good for it!"

"No-a! I'll not let yez go. Yez 'ud drounded yesself!"

"Sentry, what do they call me in the gang?"

"Gen'elman Ned."

"Yes, Gentleman Ned! And though I'm lying here flogged"--then, for a
second, the restraint to which he was subjecting himself gave way, and
he shivered and sobbed--the wrung agony of a strong man's sob!--in the
impotency of his wrath. "Though I'm here under punishment, I hope--I
hope--I'm still a gentleman in that I won't lie. I'll come back,
sentry, if you'll allow me to go!"

"Yez u'd not get there ef I let yez go. Yez too sick."

"By Heaven, I would, sentry. My will will carry me, and back, if I
had no other power."

The soldier--a pock-marked, skimpy-eyebrowed-and-haired fellow, with
the irresoluteness expressed in his features of the creature who has
always been subject to rule--grew dubious.

"Ef it be th' salt as yez wants, th' Overseer 'ud 'a issued some 'a
yez spoken for it. I might give yez some now."

"The Overseer would place you under arrest for stealing the salt, if
you did. No; I would not ask you to do that, but the salt of the sea-
bath would cure me quickly. On the word of a man who never lied,
sentry, I'll come back."

The sentry hesitated. If Mann did not keep his word, or became too
ill to return before the Overseer and the gangers came back to camp at
six o'clock, then he would be ruined. Mann read his thought.

"On my word of honour, sentry, I will be back before five o'clock. It
is now about two. Weak as I am, I can do the distance in the time."

"Strike your breast, an' swear be God that yez 'ud not ruin me."

The crude, childish oath was taken. Mann struggled to his feet,
swinging involuntarily round on his heel from weakness as he did so,
and then invoking what strength he could, set out. Under some scrubby
gums, offending the day with the rigidity of its contorted nakedness,
lay the murdered thing. Feeble as he was and blood-exhausted, Mann
spent a little of his poor force in breaking off the feathery crest of
a young wattle; and threw it on the corpse. There had been no
opportunity to bury Cummings before the gang went to labour in the
morning, and the interment would have to be performed by the men in
their own time at night.

The sound of the breaking sapling directed the sentinel's notice to
Mann. He ran up. "Yez mustn't do that, Mann; Overseer left no orders,"
he said, as he pulled the branch off the dead man.

At no era in its history did the System inculcate respect for the
convict dead. The convict alive was carrion; dead, was carrion still.

Chapter II.

Mann dragged himself to the waterside through the scrub and timber.
It was awful work--heroic in the endurance of suffering of the acutest
kind. But he was whipped onwards by the shadow of the cat. Again and
again he fell; and once when he fell he burst out in a wild spasm of
anger, and swore by the heaven that smiled upon him and upon the
System that he would not move from the spot. He grew delirious for a
few minutes and fancied that Franke was chasing him with the sentries.
"Come on! Come on, ye devils!" he shouted, but they did not come, for
they were not there. And then the rustle of the breeze in the wattles
and the gums, while it cooled his brain for the moment, and
momentarily banished the fever of madness, played, too, its tricks
with his fancy. The interlacing shadows caused by the movement of the
branches seemed to him a horrid play of floggers' whips. The air was
full of "cat-tails"--they whistled, they were falling upon him, they
would lacerate him yet again! In his dread he rose and turned to flee,
and in the turning dashed his head against the jagged end of a limb
that had been ruptured by a southerly squall. The wood ripped into his
cheek, but the gashing of the flesh was his salvation. The inflamed
blood was eased through the wound, and he became rational again.

He cursed his fate that he had become clearer in head, though his
weakness of body had increased with the outflow of blood. And he cried
against the God that would not let him die in a blessed
unconsciousness of dying. But again his mood changed. He remembered
his promise to the sentry and addressed Heaven once more. This time it
was in prayer. He bent his head, and craved strength to keep his word.
"Let it not be said that Gentleman Ned had proved false to the trust
placed in him by the miserable wretch of a soldier-guard!" A poor
prayer, indeed, and if wholly sane he would have spurned the paltry
vanity that prompted it. Perhaps, however, all unknowing to himself
the Power whom he approached had Himself framed the pleading. The only
evidence the lower-class creature, free or convict, had in those days
of the existence of a Power that was true and righteous and just, was
a brother-man's word. A broken vow, a violated promise--and away went
the betrayed one's faith in God, truth, honour, justice, everything.

Stumbling, staggering, now leaning against a tree for rest, now
pressing his lips against the exuding gum on eucalyptus boles, he went
on to the rushes, crying aloud sometimes for help and sometimes
hoarsely whispering to himself in pity of his own plight--moving while
two voices echoed in his ears: "The boat! The sentry!" If he could
only find the boat safe! If he could only return to the sentry in time
to prevent the man being punished for the breach of good discipline
caused by his permitting him to leave the camp! Onward to the boat,
back to the tents! Once--he gave up and moved in his return path! And
then, the thought of the boat spurred him forward again.

Chapter III.

At last, he reached the Bay. Then his strength come back to him
impetuously. He crashed through the reed-beds out to the circle of
blue water, and plunged into the shallows. The brine stung him,
pricked him--it punctured him in a thousand pores, but it renewed his
vigour, and supposing there had been human eye to see, he had been
cheered for the boldness with which he parted the waves as he swam
towards the point in the sedgy arc where the boat had been driven in
by himself and the other convict. With the boat was freedom, perhaps
happiness, for the gang; and though the rush-edges cut his back and
thighs, he was reckless of the smarts in the exhilaration of the
conquest over himself, his weakness, Franke, the System--a victory
symbolized by that swim through the cool, foam-flecked billows. He
laughed in his sense of triumph as he recognized where his brother-
ganger, in forcing his way out again from the dense growths, had
broken off short the dagger-points of a cluster of reeds. He laughed
again when the outer line of sedges closed behind his own path, as,
treading water, he drove himself into the springy mass, and saw the
plants which he and his mate had bent and bruised as they had pushed
the boat before them. It was a note of mighty exultation that laugh--
which changed in its last accents to the dry cackle of a parching

The boat was gone!

Had freedom, and wealth, and home, and woman's love, and the prattle
of one's child, and all other things that make life glorious, been
offered to Convict Mann the next hour as a condition of his telling,
he could not have related how he reached the camp again. But at five
o'clock, just when the clod's brain of the guard was dimly pondering
the question as to whether it was not time for Gen'elman Ned to be
showing up, he flung himself gaspingly on his rush-bed. He could have
told to an interrogator nothing but the one thing--that the
recollection of the sentry waiting for the fulfilment of his vow had
alone kept him from there and then throwing away the life so ridiculed
of fate. To march through an Inferno to reach the boat--and then to
find it gone! God!

Now, the sentry could not know of this disappointment, of course. All
that the stupid fellow saw was that Mann had returned, and, diverging
a yard from his "go," he strove to make himself as pleasant as it was
right for Authority to condescend to when the person to be patronized
was only a transport.

"Yez a-got back then, Mann? 'Ope as yez 'ad a raal noice swim, now!"

"Oh, blast you, blast you! Go away!" the tortured wretch exclaimed,
and turning his head upon the rushes, recked nothing of the anger of
the insulted soldier. Which, nevertheless, was not to be despised, for
was he not the representative of the military power, and the civil
power, and every other power on that hill-side, pending Overseer
Franke's return.

Chapter IV.

At five minutes past six that personage came back to camp, closing
with his two soldiers the procession of ironed labourers. He was
affable, and, as the sentry saluted, asked him how the "gen'elman" had
passed the day.

"'E war inserlent to me, y'r Honour--blarsted me!" reported the


In his tent, the transport heard the command, and dragged himself to
his feet to obey it.


Haggard with his shame and with the horrible recoil from his hope
that had acted as a new blister upon his hurts, Mann went out, and
saluting, faced his tyrant.

"Yer've bin inserlent, Mann?"

The transport looked towards the sentry. And the sentry then
remembered that, after all, it was Gentleman Ned who had cursed him--
and Gentleman Ned had kept his word--and once upon a time Gentleman
Ned had doubtless enjoyed the right to swear at common people like
himself; and so--

"Mister Franke, I don't wish to press th' charge!"

"Oh, very well! Then we'll let yer orf this time lightly. An' so
yer'll jest dig that stiff 'un's grave for punishment! I won't flog
yer agen--yet!"

Mann's first impulse was to refuse--the next to strike Franke, and he
had actually stepped a pace nearer to the latter when another and
wiser thought occurred to him. He would dig the grave, for by so doing
he would obtain a shovel which would serve the fell purpose he had in
his mind. The hand he had raised to strike Franke he carried to his
forehead in salute. Franke noticed the transition and laughed.

"That's right, Mann! Yer a-gettin' broken in, I see! There's nothin'
like the cat for gentles arter all--it breaks the spirit so purtily."

At 6.30--the gang had returned from labour at six o'clock--the
evening muster was held. "Tea"--12 ounces of maize meal (reduced by
the Overseer's peculation to 10) mixed with cold water--was rationed
out, and then two men were told off to dig Cummings' grave.

"No. 20" (Mann).

"No. 7." This was a feeble old fellow, one of the "passengers" by the
fatal "second fleet"--"built in the eclipse and rigged with curses
dark"--whose constitution had never regained vigour after the terrible
privations of a voyage that had been one long feast for the sharks
which followed the vessels' wake.

"Nos. 20 an' 7--no, we don't give no precedunse to gentles in this
'ere neighb'rood. Nos. 7 and 20 'll dig th' late Mister Cummin's'
grave--an' make a tidy job of it--an' sink four foot!"

Mann and his co-sexton limped towards the scrub where the dead body
lay. The Overseer followed them to mark out the grave. He ordered Mann
to take from the heap of tools thrown down by the labourers a pick,
and No. 7, a shovel. "Ye're the younger man, No. 14-736"--when Franke
was unusually genial he would address the convicts by their register
numbers, and not merely by those of the gang-roll (and when Mr. Franke
was genial the scourger was busy and happy)--"Ye're the younger man,
an' jest yer take the pick, an' begin 'ere. Oh, it's the pick--an' the
cat--as is good fer yer gentles. Oh"--the jeer changed dreadfully--
"oh, help! Mutiny--"

The crashing of the pick closed the sentence. Well was it for
Overseer Franke that the torture of the forenoon had drawn the
strength from Mann's limbs and the oil from his sinews. The smooth
handle of the tool slipped round in the transport's hands as he lifted
it, and the pick struck the official's head with the side instead of
the point. It was well, we say, for Franke; for the blow did not kill
but only stunned him. Perhaps, though, it was ill that he survived.

The Overseer's cry had roused the guard. The few minutes that they
could call their own of the whole twenty-four hours were those
immediately following the muster for "tea," and before the nightguard
was set. It had been always a thought of Franke's that at that time of
the day the convict-mind was less disposed to study the whys and
wherefores of a "bolt" than at any other period, because the gangers
would then be suffering from the lassitude of the day's severe labour,
and the inertia which comes from stomachs filled--such filling!--after
long fast. Consequently, he had never objected to a brief relaxation
of military discipline. For a few minutes their muskets would be laid
down by the three sentinels--their pipes would be lit--and they could
feel themselves a trifle freer than the transports they guarded.

Now, by this circumstance--this illustration of his own magnanimity--
was Overseer Franke undone. Had he permitted no relaxation of sentry--
duty then, his cry would no sooner have reached the guards' ears than
it would have elicited the speedy aid of a bullet--and it is quite
unlikely that Convict Mann would have been missed a second time that
day. As it was, though the three soldiers heard the sharp appeal for
aid, they were some yards away from their muskets, and before they
could reach the weapons, several of the convicts had rushed between
them and the guard-tent. In the passing of the eye-gleam in which they
saw Mann's deed, some of the wretches apprehended the consequences of
the act, and, on the instant, became--men. Sottish they were one
moment with the debased cravings of the creature that exists only to
work, and be fed, and to sleep sleep that gives no rest; but they were
men the next, under the influence of that blow for mastery. It wooed
their manhood back to them.

And the guard were powerless to help the Overseer.

Chapter V.

Mann, having struck Franke to the earth, threw the pick down and
strode towards the startled but pleased transports. One or two of the
more adventurous of them, in that rebound towards mental independence,
abandoned all caution, and cheered him. "Well done, Gen'elman!" "Well
done, Mr. Mann!"

"I don't think I've killed him, coves," said Mann, hardened into a
vulgar familiarity of speech by the very deed which had strengthened
the others' respect for him, "he'll come to, presently. But I'll kill
him then."

A soldier--one of the two that had formed the gang-guard--at this,
thought to withdraw himself quietly from the group. Instantly the
action was noticed, and a ganger stopped him. "No," said the fellow,
"you don't get to the town. We've got a chance to bolt now, and we'd
be--fools not to use it. What d'ye say, pals?"

Then Mann knew his task was easy--even without the boat. Unless he
could tell them of the boat, he had not thought to win the assent of
every member of the gang to an attempt to escape. Now, he understood
that they had responded to his rebellious act as tinder to the spark.

"Yes," he exclaimed, "hold the lobsters."

"You won't murder me, Mann?" entreated the soldier.

"No--but we will bind you till we have made our run."

"'Ear, ear," was gasped by some of the transports.

"We'll tie 'em up!" And, in a second, two tents were on the ground,
and the lines were being cut for the pinion-cords for the military
guard, who, once assured of their lives, made but slight resistance.

The whole camp of transports was now seized with semi-madness. They
were a long way from being out of the wood, for, as yet, none (not
even Mann himself) had the least idea of how they were to effect their
escape. Inland, or over sea? None knew. All they cared to understand
for the moment was that their oppressor, who was to them the only
Visible Authority, lay senseless--destitute of life apparently as he
was of power. In their wild burst of licence some rushed on the store-
tent, others sat down to "oval" their own or their comrades' irons.
Nearly all whistled or sang. The soldiers--two tied to tree-trunks,
the third supine on the grass--were amazed at the antics; Overseer
Franke did not remonstrate; and was it fancy altogether that suggested
there was a grin on Cummings' face?

Mann, as befitted the leadership which he had assumed without
dispute, was the first to recover himself. His back was torturing him.
The pain reminded him of his vow.

"Coves--mates!" he cried. "Silence! we have business to do!"

Instantly they stopped their clamour. Two or three, however, went on
"ovalling," and the ring of the hammer as they forced the anklet-bands
out of their true shape so that the feet could be withdrawn,
disturbed, with a singular sharpness, the suddenly-created silence.
Disturbed also Mr. Overseer Franke. He came to himself.

The gang heard the rustle as he turned on the gum-leaves where he had
fallen; they heard him moan and his cry for a drink; they heard--and
for answer looked at Mann.

And Mann made due reply.

       *   *   *   *   *

He walked up to the prostrate official and asked him did he know
him--him, Mann. He put the question courteously--oh, so courteously--
"May I have the pleasure of this valse?" was the style of it. And
Franke nodded a "yes," and prayed for a drink.

"Cummings craved for a drink--and you gave him a bullet!" said Mann.

Did Franke respond to that retort? Not that Mann knew, for with that
insight with which the gang, inspired by sudden liberty, had been
endowed, the transports who had handled the sentries' muskets seized
the weapons once more and rushed simultaneously to tender to Overseer
Franke the cooling draught he had proffered Convict Cummings.

"Don't kill him, boys!" said Mann; "only wound him!" Then--

"Stay!" he continued. And motioning for help he erected the still
half--dazed Overseer against a tree, and called for more cord. They
bound him to the bole, but at Mann's order left the wretch's right
hand free.

Free--for a second it was. Then Mann himself took it (as limp and
nerveless as Cummings' own) and stretched it outwards by a piece of
line, the other end of which was fastened to another tree. The cord
was tautened, and thus the hand of the Overseer was between two trees.

Mann went to the camp fire-place and, lifting a charred bit of fuel,
returned with it and inscribed a circle, and, within the circle, "a
bull's-eye," on the palm of the suspended hand.

"There!" he exclaimed, as he threw away the charcoal. "There's a
target. Fire away!"

The second shot riddled the hand, and the third smashed the wrist.

Then the leader stopped the musketry practice.

"That's enough for the present," he said. "We may want these bullets
for living men. And this one is as good as dead!"

Chapter VI.

Thereupon Mr. Franke--whose portrait may be seen in Government House,
Sydney--realized vividly his fate; and banishing all weakness--even a
tyrant may be strong when pleading for his life--cried out for mercy.

"Yes!" replied Mann, "the mercy you showed Cummings and myself and
all of us!"

"Wot d'yer fight fer Cummin's fer?" moaned the Overseer. "He peached
on yer!"

"Yes?" Mann could not restrain the note of curiosity in his voice.

"Yes, 'e did. 'E tol' me 'bout yer findin' the boat. An' I gave 'im
two figs of chaw-stuff fur a-tellin' me!"

Mann turned, as though he would have spit upon the dead body. But his
better self was not yet dead. He thought that, after all, the System
had made Cummings a traitor--and to a meanly-endowed creature such as
he was, two figs of tobacco in the hand were worth a dozen boats in
the sedge.

"Where is the boat?" he demanded.

Between the groans and the tears his wounds were wringing from him,
Overseer Franke tried to effect a bargain.

"Will yer give me my life if I tells yer, 'an 'ow yer can get orf?"

The gang waited breathlessly for the reply of their leader. When it
came, after a moment's deliberation, it was "Yes!"

"On yer word as a gen'elman?" bartered the infamy.

A lump rose in Mann's throat. Still, he confirmed his previous


And the gang breathed freely. And so did Overseer Franke.

       *   *   *   *   *

Then the Overseer told Mann and the others how he and Cummings and a
soldier had gone to the Bay, upon Cummings' betrayal of the boat,
after dark one night, and had removed the boat to another part of the
inlet. And Cummings had kept that new secret, because he was to have a
fig weekly till the boat was sold. For, needless to say, being a
representative Government official, though the boat was properly
Government's, Mr. Franke intended selling it for his own profit.

"And how will we get off?" questioned Mann.

"Ter-day's Tuesday. Ter-morrer the coaly-town (Newcastle) schooner's
due, an' the night arter she comes in, skipper an' crew go 'shore.
There ain't a soul on board. Thursday night--yer can go--an' I'll not
report yer till Friday."

"'Ear, 'ear!" applauded the gang. But Mann remained silent.

"Yer won't break yer promise, Mister Mann?" pleaded the prisoner.

How the gang enjoyed the "Mister!" But Mann's face clouded the

"What promise?" he exclaimed, at last.

"Yer promise to give me my life."

"I made you no such promise!"

The gang shrank into stupid silence.

"Oh, yer a gen'elman--an' break yer word!" The misery of that
expostulation from the Overseer!

"Blast you--yes! You cut the gentleman out of me with the cat. You

And in the late-fallen dusk there mingled, curiously, the rapturous
applause of the transports, and the alternate prayers and imprecations
of the doomed officer.

Chapter VII.

That was on the Tuesday evening. On the Wednesday the gang had a
merry day. They found the boat in the morning, and stored her with
provisions from the store-tent. And in the afternoon, they pegged-out
Overseer Franke. On an ant-hill, on a wooded gully-rise, they fastened
him down with tent-lines. His right hand was stretched out with
tightened cord again--this time to a special peg. A track of sugar was
made from the orifice of the ant-bed to the hole in the hand, in case
the industrious little creatures should not otherwise perceive so
appetizing a banquet as that shattered fragment of official humanity.

Before they pegged him out they flogged Overseer Franke.

After they pegged him out, they placed some victuals and water--just
outside of his reach. It was Mann who suggested that last refinement.
In fact, it was the gentleman whom the cat had robbed of his gentle-
hood that devised the means for keeping the latter-day Tantalus busy
while he lived. And it was not Mann's fault that he did not make
Franke immortal.

         *   *    *    *   *

The soldiers threw in their lot with the convicts. Such a thing
happened as a matter of course, when there was no superior officer of
the System to say nay.

And on the Thursday they seized the schooner, and, after a
successful trip, reached a South Sea island.

Sydney heard of them later--when the missionary, William Ellis,
complained to the British authorities that they were playing havoc
with his mission-field.

But Mann was not with them then. Mann, in fact, never left Port
Jackson. He committed suicide just as the vessel was stealing out of
the Heads in the midnight darkness of Thursday night. His last words
were: "I've done all I can for you, coves! Good-bye!" And then he
pulled the trigger.

He was privileged to receive an oration over his grave in the sea.

"Damn him! W'y didn't he drown hisself? That shot might be 'erd at
South 'Ead Signal Stashun."

Absalom West found Franke's skeleton in 184. 1 Colonel Arthur, in
transmitting a return of expenditure to the Secretary of State for the
Colonies, remarked "that every item of the expenditure would be found
conducive of the prosperity of the colony." The statement included 20
3s. 4d., executioners' expenses.  1 "Cracking a whid in prime twig."--
Making a speech in a stylish or masterly manner.


Chapter I

"LADIES AND GENTLEMEN," remarked the lecturer at Burford's Panorama,
Leicester Square, London, one afternoon in May, 183--, "we will now
take you from the Old World to the New. We have shown you the glories
of ancient and modern Italy, and have revealed to you the snowy
glaciers of Mont Blanc, the monarch of mountains. Now we pass to other
regions--regions where, if travellers speak truly, beauties of Nature
adorn the scene that rival Italia's, where, though the art wonders
which make Rome and Florence the theme of admiring myriads are absent,
there are to be found subjects not unworthy of the pencil of Michael
Angelo, and where, if noble peaks bedecked in eternal snows do not
penetrate the horizon, there are still Alpine heights which are as
grand in their cerulean aspect as Switzerland's mountains are in their
garb of purity. Ladies and gentlemen, behold the magnificent harbour
of Port Jackson, in New South Wales, with the beautifully situated
city of Sydney on its shores--nursing, no doubt, in the youth of her
existence, dreams of the coming time when she shall rival Carthage,
Rome--aye, London itself."

The lecturer paused to allow the panorama to unroll, and his turgid
eloquence to sink into the minds of his hearers. They stirred in their
seats with the restlessness which is hungry for a delayed delight.
This was what they had paid their shillings to see. They knew all
about Italy--and they were so sick of Mont Blanc--and Paris on a
painted transparency, even when lit up with double-wicked oil-lamps,
is no particular wonder. But Sydney! That was something new! Sydney
was in Botany Bay, of course, in the land of kangaroos and convicts,
where all the bad people went to when the king was too merciful to
hang 'em, and was right down the other side of the world, and the
people stood on their heads there, and did other sorts of curious
things, getting up when we went to bed, and the savages ate them--
"they roasted Captain Cook, you know, dear, at Botany Bay!" whispered
a prim governess to her charge--and, in short, the ladies and
gentlemen in the crowded, darkened auditorium trembled all over with
pleasure as the panorama of the finest harbour in the world stood
revealed. All of them--except two men, who sat almost the length of
the room apart. Both of them were present because they knew something
of Sydney in the real, and were curious to see what it was like in the
ideal. One, of short, thick-set figure, who sat near to the
transparency, gazed stolidly at it, careless of its beauties and alert
only to notice its deficiencies. And the other, almost a Jew in
feature, sitting near the door, did not look at the panorama at all.
His eyes were fixed upon the short man; studying every inch of the
profile as intently as the dim light would permit.

The lecturer began his detailed description of the picture of
Sydney. As became a loyal son of Church and Crown, he pointed out,
first, the Churches of St. James and St. Philip, and then the seat of
Government, and became dramatically vivid when he discerned--wonder of
wonders--Governor Ralph Darling riding out with his private secretary
and aide-de--camp, Captain Dumaresq!

"See, ladies and gentlemen, look at the two brave dignitaries! They
are clothed with righteous power and military costume. And, by way of
contrast, see this black man dressed--I blush to have to remark it,
ladies and gentlemen--in no more than a blanket and a cocked hat."
(The prim governess cast down her eyes, and bade her pupil follow her
example.) "See this black man! He is the symbol of the time that is
passing away! He is King Boongaree--monarch of the Sydney tribe, and
now a pensioner on the bounty of the Colonial Government. If there is,
ladies and gentlemen, one thing more than another on which England has
a right to feel proud, it is that of her treatment of aboriginal
races. Observe how the artist has painted the Savage King--how deftly
he suggests the epoch which is passing away before the new era of
civilization! See, he lifts his hat to his approaching Excellency! He
does homage at once to the Representative of August Majesty and to the
Age of Progress!"

The orator paused to recover breath and win applause. And the man
near the curtain took advantage of the opportunity to declare in
plain, audible tones that "it wor all a cokumed job!" Then, encouraged
by the surprise he caused the audience, he went on: "There worn't no
Boongaree or wot's 'is name, an' wot th' cove 'ad p'inted out as Saint
James's wasn't that at all, but it wor th' old dock church on th'
'ill, an' wot 'e'd called Saint Philip's wor ak'shally Saint James's,
only they'd turned it round th' wrong way! They'd got th'--spire th'
wrong end. Th' spire was th' town end--not a-facin' Park-'urds. W'y,
for two balls1 I'd paint a--better picter myself!" Then, modestly
content with the success he had achieved, the speaker sat down.

And, not to deprive the man of his honours, we must say that success
was very marked. The lecturer, who had lectured before crowned heads,
but who had never been lectured save by his wife, was dumb with anger.
Some school-lads shouted "Hear, hear!" an elderly gentleman hammered
the floor with his stick, and the governess was so tickled that she
overlooked the necessity of instructing the little girl to put her
fingers in her ears at the "naughty words." But had there been any one
to notice it, the most remarkable tribute to the effect of the
extemporized oration came from the Jewish-looking fellow at the door.
He chuckled, and chuckled again!

Disdaining to comment on the interruption, the lecturer proceeded.
There was, however, less glibness in his utterance, and he displayed a
hesitation that smacked of a doubt concerning the trustworthiness of
his information.

"Follow me, please, ladies and gentlemen," he went on, "and notice
the points and convolutions of the Harbour--"

"There ain't no conwo-yo'call'ems," interjected the critic, who,
unlike most critics, evidently knew what he was talking about.
"They're all coves an' bays!"

The lecturer kept his temper to admiration, and proceeded. "Here on
this central point jutting out perceive Macquarie Fort, built, as its
name imparts, by Governor Macquarie--"

"A good sort, old Locky--"

"But having been designed by a civil architect--"

"I knowed 'im--old Greenway."

"Instead of an engineer, it is erected in such a situation and in
such a style that it is rather a picturesque object than a useful

"'Ear, 'ear! Yer've got it right at last!"

"The fort stands on Bennilong's Point, so called from a house having
been erected on it for the residence of a chief named Bennilong--"

"Oh, Lord--who's been a-kiddin' o' yer?"

"Really"--the lecturer lost patience now--"really if the gentleman by
the wall persists in interrupting in this fashion, I shall be
compelled to have him removed!"

"Well, I puts it t'ye, leddies an' gents, is it fair as 'e should be
cokumin' yer in a lot o' damned trash, w'en I knows better?"

"Hear, hear!" shouted the boys. "Angcore!" cried the Jewish fellow
(in a falsetto). "No, no--certainly not!" said the gentleman with the
stick, who ought to have known better. And even the governess ventured
to whisper to her charge: "Oh, I wish he would go on--if--if he would
not swear so."

The proprietor of the panorama was attracted from behind the screen
by the uproar. As a wise showman, he knew it was his duty to humour
his audience, and proved himself equal to the occasion by suggesting
that his lecturer should be allowed to proceed, but that afterwards
the gentleman from Sydney might perhaps, if he would be so kind,
favour the audience with--er--a more particular description--er--of
the beauties of the harbour--er--of Botany Bay. And the gentleman from
Sydney generously agreeing, the professional lecturer resumed, with,
it must be confessed, something less of spirit and eloquence, his

"I was saying, I believe, ladies and gentlemen, when I was--when the
gentleman from Sydney was good enough to--er--speak to me, that a
chief named Bennilong had his residence on that point. I may be wrong,
or I may be right, but such is my information. He was the first native
to become attached to the settlers. He was brought to England by
Governor Phillip, and returned with Governor Hunter. Although he was
in a great measure civilized, yet he could not altogether forget his
former pursuits. For instance, he would frequently discard his
clothes, and pass several weeks at a time with his old companions in
the woods--"

"They all do it--they sell their breeches for grog."

The remonstrance of the lecturer was drowned in the roars of
laughter from the indecorous. Everybody was indecorous, not excluding
the school--girl.

"We will pass on. Observe this point, ladies and gentlemen! It is
Dawes' Battery--mounting fifteen guns, and commanding the harbour. It
is, however, inadequate to the defence of the town against any
respectable force. This place acquired its name from Lieutenant Dawes,
who sailed with the first expedition, and being charged by the Board
of Longitude to make observations on an expected comet, erected his
small observatory on the spot. May I ask the gentleman from Sydney
whether that is not correct?"

"I shouldn't be surprised if it wor. But you didn't tell 'em that
Black Sam wrecked th' 'Awkesbury passage-boat on that point.
'Owsomever, go ahead, old cove--yer as slow as th' Rosehill Lump, or
Jim Hughes, th' angman, wen 'e turned off 'is mother-in-law."

"How slow was that?" questioned the old gentleman, who must have
been a disreputable old gentleman, thus to set at defiance the routine
of a respectable entertainment. Certainly he was a humorous one.

"Well, I'll tell yer, if so be th' leddies are willin', ven th'
lect'rer 'as slung 'is patter. Go on, pal!"

Glowering daggers, the orator proceeded. But, alas! he was an orator
no longer. No resonant periods flowed from his lips. If the people
wished to be entertained by a vulgarian from Botany Bay, well, they
might. But, as for himself, he would no longer cast his pearls before
such swine. He jerked out brief, unpicturesque sentences.

"This ship in the stream is H.M.S. Success. Captain Sterling, who
commands her, has at a late date taken her round to the western coast
of New South Wales to found a new settlement."

"New 'Olland, yer mean. The old colony ain't got a west coast!"

"An' this ship, ladies and gentlemen--this ship--or rather the hulk
of one, perhaps"--here the speaker infused a palpable malice into his
tones--"the gentleman from Sydney would not mind telling us what it
is?" He pointed to a black object depicted in midwater off Dawes'
Point. It might have been anything from a badly-drawn island to a
ship's hull.

From his seat by the wall the interjector peered at the painted
canvas. The audience, made more interested themselves by the accent of
meaning in the lecturer's question, listened intently--none more so
than the Jew-like man by the door. His heavy eyes glistened with his
suppressed eagerness, and his nostrils dilated as he held his breath.
He knew better than any one there how pertinent was that inquiry.

"Oh!" continued the lecturer, as the other did not answer, "I should
have thought the gentleman from Sydney would have been certain to have
known that! That is the Phoenix hulk--used as a place of confinement
for prisoners of desperate character."

In the half-light of the hall it was not possible to distinguish any
alteration in the man's features, but there was a strangeness in his
voice which went far to convince most of those who heard him that with
his voice had changed his features. The shock that dries the throat
blanches the cheek.

"That th' Phoenix?--that 'taint th' Phoenix--th' hulk didn't lay
there--she was in Cockle Bay--orf Goat Island!" But somehow the
assertiveness was out of his voice, and he was quiet while the
lecturer ran over the remaining features of the harbour and the town.
Possibly he would not have again opened his lips, but have noiselessly
departed, when the lecturer closed the exhibition by a striking
quotation from Darwin's "Visit of Hope to Sydney Cove." But the old
gentleman and the boys, aided by a falsetto from the back-seats,
clamoured for the story of Jim Hughes.

He began to speak from his seat, but the audience called him to mount
the form. And so, at last, he stood and gave them the story of Jim
Hughes and his mother-in-law.

"Yer must know, leddies an' gents all, as Jim Hughes was Jack Ketch
in Gov'ner Macquarie's time. An' Jim, though he warn't so full o' work
as 'e wor later, did purty well week-in an' week-out. Six-pun' ten, in
dollars, a quarter 'e got, an' all th' stiff-uns' duds--I mean,
leddies, as 'e wor given th' boots an' togs o' th' free people as wor
turned orf--o' course, Gov'ment pe'ple 'adn't duds to leave. Well, Jim
married, but 's missus died, an' so 'e got 'is wife's mother--she wor
a lag, y' see--assigned to 'im, that means, leddies, as she wor to be
'is servant. But it 'appened that th' old woman got drinkin', an' she
killed 'nother woman, an' so she wor ordered ter be scragged." As he
proceeded, something of the intoxication of public speech inspired
him, and he regained part of his former aggressiveness.

"Well, w'en Monday mornin' came, Jim takes 'er out as neat as can be.
There wor two men, an' he ties 'em up spick an' span, but 'e leaves
'er to the last. 'Yer slow, Jim!' ses she. 'Yes, mother, I be,' ses
'e. 'Well,' ses she, 'I allus thought as you wor a workman, not a
damned codger'--a-savin' o' yer presence, leddies, she wor givin' ter
naggin' 'im a good bit, wor Jim's mother-in-lor. 'But,' ses 'e,
"tisn't nateral, is it, I should be in a 'urry ter turn yer off?"
'Oh,' ses she, 'I don't know as ter that! Yer never cared much for me
or my gal.' 'P'r'aps I didn't,' ses 'e, 'an' I don't say as I did. But
I'm slow now as 'opin' th' Gov'nor may 'prieve yer! I axed 'im!' 'Like
yer imperence, Jim Hughes,' ses she, 'interferin' with wot ain't yer
bus'ness! I don't want no 'prieve at yer 'ands!' 'I don't care wot yer
want,' ses 'e. 'I wants yer 'prieved for my own pu'pose. If I turns
yer orf ter-day I ain't got no 'ooman to whop!' An' that's w'y, ladies
an' gents, Jim Hughes turned his missus' mother orf slow."

"Didn't she get reprieved, then?" asked the old gentleman.

"No, sir!" replied the Sydneyite. "An' 'tis a pity too. Jim 'udn't
get a second missus--it 'tain't ev'ry 'ooman as likes Skeleton Jimmy--
an' as 'e wor wun o' them sort as must 'av a 'ooman to whop, to ease
th' temper like, sir, he took to th' grog."

Chapter II.

A few minutes later the audience filed down the stairway to the
street. As the "gentleman from Sydney" was passing through the doorway
to the landing a hand grasped his arm, and as he turned with a
startled movement at the touch, the full lips of the fellow who had
been watching him bent to his ear.

"An' vat is the time o' day with you, Sam Jefferson, alias Dicky
Arnold? He-he! the game's up, Dicky!"

The man spoken to stared dazedly at the other. The white terror of
the hunted animal at bay was for a moment in his face, but vanished as
he strove to carry off the incident in a braggart style.

"Wot's your game, my covey?--I ain't no Dicky Arnold or wot d'yer
call th' cove as yer named--er--Sam Jefferson neither. I don't know
nothink 'bout yer!"

"Vy, vot a dear innercent chap ve've got 'ere!" returned the other,
sardonically. "An' ye don't mean to turn yer back on an old Sydney
pal, Dicky, d'yer? Oh, Dicky, Dicky, I'm kevite ashamed of ye!--
wantin' to cut an old pal jest 'cos you're so big in yer shoes arter
a-lecturin' all these city blokes an' donnas!"

The gentleman from Sydney had now regained his wits and his courage.
"No more o' this--nonsense, or I'll call a--trap, an' give yer up!"

"Vy, vat a bold bloke he is to be sure!" admiringly exclaimed the
other. "If he ain't a innercent, he is a tiptopper, an' no mistake!
S'elp me, I never 'erd of a cove vot vas frightened of th' traps so,
a-talkin' so bold! But if so be as ye want to give me up, vy I'm

By this time, the couple had reached the street. The Jewish fellow's
arm had gradually tightened round the Sydneyite's, and though the
latter made one strong effort to escape, his capturer foiled it
instantly by twisting his leg inside the other's.

"You bolt, Dicky, an' I'll raise th' hue an' cry! An' vere vill ye be
then, my son? Now, don't be a fool, Dicky! I ain't goin' to be 'ard."

A light of hope shot into the Sydney man's eyes.

"Wot d'yer mean, Izzy? 'Ull yer square it?"

"Ho, ho! Dicky, I'd 'a thought better o' ye! Ter go an' give yerself
avay, like a born fool! Vy, ye do know Israel Chapman then, arter all,
d'ye? Yer ol' friend, Izzy--vat copped ye at Parramatta an' sent ye to
th' Phoenix! Vy, o' course ye knows Izzy--yer ol' friend Izzy!"

"An' wot if I does?" growled Chapman's prisoner. "Anywun wot 'as
wunst seen yer ugly mug ain't agoin' ter forget it in an 'urry,

"Vell, vell," quoth the notorious Sydney thieftaker, "ye ain't too
compliment'ry to yer old friends, Dicky. But I'm going to do pis'ness,
Dicky, pis'ness!"

"Honour bright an' above-board, Izzy?"

"Yes, s'elp me, by Father Abraham, I am!"

"Ye won't take my money an' then give me up, arter all, Izzy?"

Mr. Chapman looked genuinely distressed. "Vy, mine friend, vat d'ye
take me for? I ain't Pounce!"

At the mention of old Pounce, the Sydney forger, who did so large a
trade in official forgeries of all kinds, Dicky Arnold, otherwise Sam
Jefferson, started again.

"D'yer mean ter say as Pounce 'as sold me?" he gasped.

"I ain't a-goin' ter say nuthin', mine friend--until we skevares
matters, or I gives ye up at Bow-street perlice-office as a returned
from transportation cove."

"Well, Izzy, wot's it ter be?"

Mr. Israel Chapman, over from Sydney on "Government business"--in
other words, commissioned by Mr. Alexander Macleay to ascertain the
destination of certain Sydney Commissariat bills on the Treasury which
had mysteriously disappeared from the Colonial Secretary's office,
Sydney, gave the insinuated proposal two minutes' consideration before
he replied.

"Vell, y' see, there's a reward for arresting a returned from
transportation man 'ere--that's five! An' then there's the Sydney
reward for pickin' up a Phoenix bolter--s'elp me, Dicky, that lect'rer
chap gave it ye pretty sharp, all unbeknowin', though, didn't he?"

"Go on! To--with the lect'rer! If it 'adn't been for 'im, ye wouldn't
'a cotched me!"

"P'r'aps I vudn't an' p'r'aps I vud! But I vas really in doubt till I
'erd ye tell that yarn 'bout Jim Hughes! Everybody in th' old time
knew Dick Arnold's story of Jim Hughes' missus' mother."

"Go on! go on!"

"Don't lose yer temper, mine friend! If people vat ought to keep
'emselves low vant to brag an' show off, vy, they've got to pay th'
price of greatness, Dicky. Vell, then, besides, the Phoenix revard is
ten--that's fifteen pun, Dicky."

"I'll give it yer to let me go."

"Stay, stay, not so fast, my son! I never does these little friendly
jobs except for double the Gov'nment price."

"That's thirty pun--I'll make it guineas!"

"Ho, ho! Vy, yer must 'ave a nice plant someveres, Dicky! An' then,
y' know, there's somethink for the credit--ye must make allowance for
the credit, Dicky! Vy, dis would be a brilliant capture! Vot shall ve
say for the credit, Mister Arnold? Just a leetle bit of paper for
twenty quid? Say yes, Dicky!"

"I s'pose I must say yes if yer insist 'pon it!" cursed the other.

"That's fifty altogether, Dicky. Now, I put it to yer, Dicky, ain't
that too low for a service to a friend? Make it double, Dicky--say an
'underd--an' I'm blowed if I don't let ye go!"



"On yer honour?"

"On the honour of a shentleman, Dicky!"

And, though Mr. Arnold paid the notes over with a seeming reluctance,
he rejoiced in his heart that his unauthorized return trip to his
native land was to cost him no more.

"Tip us another tenner, Dicky, an' I'll tell ye 'ow I heard o' ye
being here!"


"Better 'ad! The chap vat gave ye avay this time may give yer avay
again. An' if ye gets sent out once more--an' ye're bound to, Dicky,
when ye're spent all th' mopuses on the gals--th' knowledge 'll be

The contingency of another voyage across the seas not being
altogether beyond the limits of possibility, Mr. Arnold, otherwise Sam
Jefferson, thought the outlay of another ten pounds only a
precautionary measure. So he made it.

"Vat did ye pay old Pounce for Sammy Jefferson's certificate of

Arnold's mouth twitched in angry surprise. "A tenner!"

"An' vat did it cost to 'ave Sammy Jefferson's marks tattooed on
your buzzum?"

"Three pun' ten."

"So this leetle trip 'ome o' yours has cost yer wi'out your ship-
money, 'ow much, Dicky?"

"One 'underd an' thirteen pun' ten."

"Now, ain't that a nice sum to pay for trustin' ol' Pounce?"

"D'ye mean ter say--?"

"As Pounce gave ye 'vay? O' course I do! He says to me, 'Izzy, ye're
going 'ome! Ven ye're in Lunnun look out for Dicky Arnold vat bolted
from the hulk. I'm afraid he vent 'vay'--them vas his very verds,
Dicky!--'on Sammy Jefferson's ticket. Dick ain't no marks on his
buzzum, Izzy, but if ye find a Sammy Jefferson in Lunnun vith a
mermaid an" a 'nanchor in a true-lover's knot on his buzzum over S.
J., that chap's Dicky Arnold!' That's vot ol' Pounce said, Dicky. An'
he vanted to go halves in th' revard if I cotched ye! Vasn't he mean?"

"Mean! I'd mean 'im if I'd 'im 'ere for ten minutes!"

"An' look 'ere, Dicky. Ven ye comes out again, an' I'm in Sydney--
an' ye vants to make another bolt, v'y, you send for me, Dicky. I'll
get ye a whole pardon with th' seal an' all reg'lar for vat Pounce
charges for a ticket of freedom only! An' I allus acts skevare,
Dicky--I never gives no one avay vat deals honour'ble vith me! Now,
let's 'av a drink, Dicky, for the sake o' old times!"

         *   *    *  *  *

Within a week, Richard Arnold, alias Samuel Jefferson, was arrested
by a Bow-street runner as a convict illegally returned from
transportation. Only Israel Chapman did not appear as the informant.
Nevertheless, he fingered the reward. 1 "Balls."--Convict term for
"free drinks."


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