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Title: The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck
Author: Mary Shelley
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eBook No.: 0606411.txt
Language: English
Date first posted: August 2006
Date most recently updated: August 2006

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The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck
Mary Shelley

J'ai veu filz d'Angleterre, Richard d'Yorc nomm.
Que l'on disoit en terre, estinct et consomm.
Endurer grant souffrance; et par nobles exploitz.
Vivre en bonne esperance, d'estre Roy des Angloys.
--Old French Chronicle.


The story of Perkin Warbeck was first suggested to me as a subject for
historical detail. On studying it, I became aware of the romance which
his story contains, while, at the same time, I felt that it would be
impossible for any narration, that should be confined to the
incorporation of facts related by our old Chronicle to do it justice.

It is not singular that I should entertain a belief that Perkin was,
in reality, the lost Duke of York. For, in spite of Hume, and the
later historians who have followed in his path, no person who has at
all studied the subject but arrives at the same conclusion. Records
exist in the Tower, some well known, others with which those who have
access to those interesting papers are alone acquainted, which put the
question almost beyond a doubt.

This is not the place for a discussion of the question. The principal
thing that I should wish to be impressed on my reader's mind is, that
whether my hero was or was not an impostor, he was believed to be the
true man by his contemporaries. The partial pages of Bacon, of Hall,
and Holinshed and others of that date, are replete with proofs of this
fact. There are some curious letters, written by Sir John Ramsay,
Laird of Balmayne, calling himself Lord Bothwell, addressed to Henry
the Seventh himself, which, though written by a spy and hireling of
that monarch, tend to confirm my belief, and even demonstrate that in
his eagerness to get rid of a formidable competitor, Henry did not
hesitate to urge midnight assassination. These letters are printed in
the Appendix to Pinkerton's History of Scotland. The verses which form
the motto to these volumes, are part of a rythmical Chronicle, written
by two subjects of Burgundy, who lived in those days; it is entitled
"Recollection des Merveilles, advenues en nostre temps, commence par
trs lgant orateur, Messire Georges Chastellan, et continue par
Maistre Jean Molinet."

In addition to the unwilling suffrage of his enemies, we may adduce
the acts of his friends and allies. Human nature in its leading
features is the same in all ages. James the Fourth of Scotland was a
man of great talent and discernment: he was proud; attached, as a
Scot, to the prejudices of birth; of punctilious honour. No one can
believe that he would have bestowed his near kinswoman, nor have
induced the Earl of Huntley to give his daughter in marriage, to one
who did not bear evident signs of being of royal blood.

The various adventures of this unfortunate Prince in many countries,
and his alliance with a beautiful and high-born woman, who proved a
faithful, loving wife to him, take away the sting from the ignominy
which might attach itself to his fate; and make him, we venture to
believe, in spite of the contumely later historians have chosen, in
the most arbitrary way, to heap upon him, a fitting object of
interest--a hero to ennoble the pages of a humble tale.



He seemed breathless, heartless, faint and wan.
And all his armour sprinkled was with blood.
And soiled with dirty gore, that no man can
Discern the hue thereof. He never stood.
But bent his hasty course towards the idle flood.

After a long series of civil dissension--after many battles, whose
issue involved the fate of thousands--after the destruction of nearly
all the English nobility in the contest between the two Roses, the
decisive battle of Bosworth Field was fought on the 22d of August,
1415, whose result was to entwine, as it was called, the white and red
symbols of rivalship, and to restore peace to this unhappy country.

The day had been sunny and warm: as the evening closed in a west wind
rose, bringing along troops of fleecy clouds, golden at sunset, and
then dun and grey, veiling with pervious network the many stars. Three
horsemen at this hour passed through the open country between Hinckley
and Welford in Leicestershire. It was broad day when they descended
from the elevation on which the former stands, and the villagers
crowded to gaze upon the fugitives, and to guess, from the ensigns
they bore, to which party they belonged, while the warders from the
near castle hastened out to stop them, thus to curry favour with the
conqueror; a design wholly baffled. The good steeds of the knights,
for such their golden spurs attested them to be, bore them fast and
far along the Roman road, which still exists in those parts to shame
our modern builders. It was dusk when, turning from the direct route
to avoid entering Welford, they reached a ford of the Avon. Hitherto
silence had prevailed with the party--for until now their anxiety to
fly had solely occupied their thoughts. Their appearance spoke of war,
nay, of slaughter. Their cloaks were stained and torn; their armour
was disjointed, and parts of it were wanting; yet these losses were so
arbitrary, that it was plain that the pieces had been hacked from
their fastenings. The helm of the foremost was deprived of its crest;
another wore the bonnet of a common soldier, which ill accorded with
the rest of his accoutrements; while the third, bareheaded, his hair
falling on his shoulders, lank and matted from heat and exercise, gave
more visible tokens of the haste of flight. As the night grew darker,
one of them, and then another, seemed willing to relax somewhat in
their endeavours: one alone continued, with unmitigated energy, to
keep his horse at the same pace they had all maintained during the
broad light of day.

When they reached the ford, the silence was broken by the hindmost
horseman; he spoke in a petulant voice, saying:--"Another half mile at
this pace, and poor Floeur-de-Luce founders; if you will not slacken
your speed, here we part, my friends. God save you till we meet

"Evil betide the hour that separates us, brother!" said the second
fugitive, reining in; "Our cause, our peril, our fate shall be the
same. You, my good lord, will consult your own safety."

The third cavalier had already entered the stream: he made a dead halt
while his friends spoke, and then replied:--"Let us name some
rendezvous where, if we escape, we may again meet. I go on an errand
of life and death; my success is doubtful, my danger certain. If I
succeed in evading it, where shall I rejoin you?"

"Though the event of this day has been fatal to the king," answered
the other, "our fortunes are not decided. I propose taking refuge in
some sanctuary, till we perceive how far the Earl of Richmond is
inclined to mercy."

"I knew the Earl when a mere youth, Sir Humphrey Stafford," said the
foremost rider, "and heard more of him when I visited Brittanny, at
the time of King Louis's death, two years ago. When mercy knocks at
his heart, suspicion and avarice give her a rough reception. We must
fly beyond sea, unless we can make further stand. More of this when we
meet again. Where shall that be?"

"I have many friends near Colchester," replied the elder Stafford,
"and St. Mary boasts an asylum there which a crowned head would not
dare violate. Thence, if all else fail, we can pass with ease to the
Low Countries."

"In sanctuary at Colchester--I will not fail you. God bless and
preserve you the while!"

The noble, as he said these words, put spurs to his horse, and without
looking back crossed the stream, and turning on the skirts of a copse
was soon out of sight of his companions. He rode all night, cheering
his steed with hand and voice; looking angrily at the early dawning
east, which soon cast from her cloudless brow the dimness of night.
Yet the morning air was grateful to his heated cheeks. It was a
perfect summer's morn. The wheat, golden from ripeness, swayed
gracefully to the light breeze; the slender oats shook their small
bells in the air with ceaseless motion; the birds twittering, alighted
from the full-leaved trees, scattering dew-drops from the branches.
With the earliest dawn the Cavalier entered a forest, traversing its
depths with the hesitation of one unacquainted with the country, and
looked frequently at the sky, to be directed by the position of the
glowing east. A path more worn than the one he had hitherto followed
now presented itself, leading into the heart of the wood. He hesitated
for a few seconds, and then, with a word of cheer to his horse,
pursued his way into the embowering thicket. After a short space the
path narrowed, the meeting branches of the trees impeded him, and the
sudden angle it made from the course he wished to follow served to
perplex him still further; but as he vented his impatience by hearty
Catholic exclamations, a little tinkling bell spoke of a chapel near,
and of the early rising of the priest to perform the matin service at
its altar. The horse of the fugitive, a noble war-steed, had long
flagged; and hunger gnawed at the rider's own heart, for he had not
tasted food since the morning of the previous day. These sounds,
therefore, heard in so fearless a seclusion, bore with them pleasant
tidings of refreshment and repose. He crossed himself in thankfulness;
then throwing himself from his horse (and such change was soothing to
his stiffened limbs), he led him through the opening glade to where a
humble chapel and a near adjoining hut stood in the bosom of the
thicket, emblems of peace and security.

The Cavalier tied his horse to a tree, and entered the chapel. A
venerable priest was reading the matin service; one old woman composed
his congregation, and she was diligently employed telling her beads.
The bright rays of the newly risen sun streamed through the eastern
window, casting the chequered shadow of its lattice work on the
opposite wall. The chapel was small and rustic; but it was kept
exquisitely clean: the sacred appurtenances of the altar also were
richer than was usual, and each shrine was decked with clusters of
flowers, chiefly composed of white roses. No high praise, indeed, was
due to the rude picture of the Virgin of the Annunciation, or of the
announcing Angel, a representation of whom formed the altar-piece; but
in barbaric England, in those days, piety stood in place of taste, and
that which represented. Our Lady received honour, however, unworthy it
might be of the inspiress of Raphael or Correggio. The cavalier took
his disornamented casque from his head, placed it on the ground, and
knelt reverentially on the bare earth. He had lately escaped from
battle and slaughter, and he surely thought that he had especial
motive for thanks-giving; so that if his lips uttered a mere soldier's
"Ave," still it had the merit of fervour and sincerity.

Had he been less occupied by his own feelings, he might have remarked
the many glances the priest cast on him, who dishonoured his learning
and piety by frequent mistakes of language, as his thoughts wandered
from his breviary, to observe with deep attention his unexpected
visitor. At length the service ended: the old dame rose from her
knees, and satisfied her curiosity which she had excited by many a
look askance, by a full and long gaze on the cavalier. His hewn
armour, torn cloak, and, unseemly for the sacred spot, the dread
stains on his garments and hands were all minutely scanned. Nor did
his personal appearance escape remark. His stature was tall, his
person well knit, shewing him to be a man of about thirty years of
age. His features were finely moulded, his grey eyes full of fire, his
step had the dignity of rank, and his look expressed chivalrous
courage and frankness. The good woman had not been long engaged in
surveying the stranger, when her pastor beckoned her to retire, and
himself advanced, replying to the soldier's salute with a benedicite,
and then hastily enquiring if he came from the field.

"Even so, Father," said the Cavalier; "I come from the field of the
bloody harvest. Has any intelligence of it travelled hither so
speedily? If so, I must have wandered from the right road, and am not
so far on my journey as I hoped."

"I have only heard that a battle was expected," said the priest, "and
your appearance tells me that it is over. The fortunes, nay, perhaps
the life, of a dear friend are involved in its issue, and I fear that
it is adverse--for you fly from pursuit, and methinks, though stained
with dust and blood, that emblem on your breast is the White Rose."

The warrior looked on the old man, whose dignity and language were at
variance with his lowly destination; he looked partly in wonder, and
partly to assure himself of his questioner's sincerity. "You are
weary, Sir Knight," added the Monk, whose experienced eyes had glanced
to the golden spurs of his visitant; "come to my hermitage, there to
partake of such refreshment as I can bestow. When your repast is
ended, I will, by confidence on my part, merit yours."

This invitation was that of worldy courtesy, rather than the rustic
welcome of a recluse monk. The Cavalier thanked him cordially, adding,
that he must first provide food and water for his horse, and that
afterwards he would gratefully accept his host's invitation. The old
man entered with the spirit of a soldier into his guest's anxiety for
his steed, and assisted in purveying to its wants, ingratiating
himself meanwhile with its master, by discovering and praising
scientifically its points of beauty. The poor animal shewed tokens of
over fatigue, yet still he did not refuse his food, and the Cavalier
marked with joy that his eye grew brighter and his knees firmer after

They then entered the cottage, and the soldier's eye was attracted
from more sacred emblems by a sword which was suspended over a picture
of the Virgin:--"You belong to our Chivalry!" he exclaimed, while his
countenance lighted up with joyful recognition.

"Now I belong to the holy order whose badge I wear," the Monk replied,
pointing to his Benedictine dress. "In former days I followed a brave
leader to the field, and, in his service, incurred such guilt, as I
now try to expiate by fasting and prayer."

The Monk's features were convulsed by agitation as he spoke, then
crossing his arms on his breast, he was absorbed in thought for a few
moments, after which he raised his head and resumed the calm and even
serene look that characterized him. "Sir Knight," said he, motioning
to the table now spread for the repast, "I have but poor fare to
offer, but a soldier will not disdain its meagreness. My wine I may
praise, as being the produce of a generous vintage; I have kept it
sealed, to open it on occasions like the present, and rejoice that
your strength will be recruited by it."

Bread, fruits, cheese, and a flagon of the wine, which merited the
giver's eulogium, composed the fugitive's breakfast, whose fatigue
required cordial and repose. As he was occupied by his repast, his
host eyed him with evident agitation, eager yet fearful to question
him on the subject of the battle. At length he again asked, "You come
from the field on which the forces of the King and of the Earl of
Richmond met?"

"I do."

"You fought for the White Rose, and you fly?"

"I fought for the White Rose till it was struck to the ground. The
king has fallen with his chief nobility around him. Few Yorkists
remain to mourn the success of the Lancastrians."

Deep grief clouded the old man's countenance, but accustomed to subdue
his feelings, as one on whom, being stricken by an overwhelming
misery, all subsequent disasters fall blunted, he continued with
greater calmness: "Pardon me, noble gentleman, if I appear to ask an
indiscreet question. You are of lordly bearing, and probably filled a
place near the royal person. Did you hear, on the night before last,
aught of the arrival of a stranger youth at the King's tent?"

The knight eyed the old man with a quick glance, asking, in his turn,
"Are you, then, the foster-father of King Richard's son?"

"Did you see my boy?" cried the priest, "Did his father acknowledge
him?--Where is he now?--did he enter the ranks to sight and fall for
his parent?"

"On the night of which you speak," said the stranger, evading the
immediate question, "the King placed his son's hand in mine, as I
vowed to protect and guard him if ill befell our party, as it has

"Surely some presentiment of evil haunted the King's mind."

"I do believe it; for his manner was solemn and affecting. He bade the
youth remember that he was a Plantagenet, and spoke proudly of the
lineage from which he sprung. The young esquire listened intently,
looking at his father with such an ingenuous and thoughtful
expression, that he won my heart to love him."

"Now bless thee, Sir Knight, whoever thou art, for this praise of my
poor Edmund! I pray you, hasten to tell me what more passed."

The Cavalier continued his account; but his manner was serious, as if
the conclusion of his tale would afflict his auditor. He related how,
on quitting the royal tent, he had led Edmund Plantagenet to his own,
there to converse with him awhile, the better to learn whether his
bearing and speech shewed promise of future merit. King Richard had
enjoined his son to return to his seclusion early on the following
morning; but as soon as he entered his conductor's; tent, he knelt to
him and asked a boon, while tears gathered in his eyes, and his voice
was broken by the fervour of his desire. The noble was moved by his
entreaties, and promised to grant his request, if it did not militate
against his honour and allegiance. "It is for honour that I speak,"
said Plantagenet; "I am older in years than in seeming, for already I
number twenty summers; and spite of my boyish look I am familiar with
martial exercises, and the glorious promise of war. Let me draw my
sword for my father to-morrow--let me, at your side, prove myself a
worthy descendant of the conquerors of France! Who will sight for King
Richard with greater courage, fidelity, and devotion, than his
acknowledged and duteous son?" The Cavalier yielded to his noble
yearnings. Clothed in armour he entered the ranks, and hovered a
protecting angel near his parent during the bloody contest. And now,
as his venerable guardian watched with trembling eagerness the
countenance of his guest while he told his tale, and the stranger,
with bitter regret, was about to relate that he had seen Plantagenet
felled to the ground by a battle-axe, quick steps, and then a
knocking, was heard at the cottage door. The stranger started on his
feet, and put his hand upon his sword; but a bright smile illuminated
the Monk's face, as the very youth of whom they spoke, Edmund
Plantagenet, rushed into the apartment. His soiled garments and heated
brow spoke of travel and fatigue, while his countenance wore an
expression of wildness and even of horror. He started when he saw the
stranger, but quickly recognized him as his new friend. "Thank God!"
he cried, "that you, my dear Lord, have not fallen into the hands of
the sacrilegious usurper! It is my father's spirit that has saved you
for his son's sake, that I may not be utterly abandoned and an

With milder accost he bent his knee to his holy guardian, and then
turned to answer the Cavalier's questions of how he had escaped death
from the blow he had received, and what new events had occurred since
he had quitted the field early on the preceding day?--while the Monk
chid him for his disobedience to his father's commands, in having
mingled with the fray. The eyes of Plantagenet flashed fire at this
reproach.--"Could I know that my father's crown and life," he
exclaimed impetuously, "depended on the combat, and not bring to his
aid my weak arm? God of Heaven! had there been five hundred true as I,
we might all have fallen round him: but never, never, should I have
seen the sight which last night I saw--nor heard the sounds I last
night heard!"

The youth covered his face with his hands, and the boiling tears
trickled between his fingers. "Tell me," cried the noble, "what has
happened?--and swiftly tell me, for I loiter here too long."

Almost suffocated by emotion, Plantagenet related, that when he
recovered from the trance into which the fearful blow he had received
had thrown him, the Earl's camp-followers were busy among the slain;
and that he had seen the body of King Richard--of his father--thrown
half naked across a mule, thus to be borne to be exposed to the public
gaze and mockery in Leicester, where, but the day before, he had
ridden with the royal crown on his head, the acknowledged sovereign of
England. And that crown, base ill-bartered bauble, having been found
in the tent by Lord Stanley, he had brought and placed on Richmond's
head, while the soldiers, with one acclaim, hailed him Henry the
Seventh, King of England.

The last words more than the others, for the death of his royal master
was already known to him, moved the knight:--"Is this the end of our
hopes?" he cried; "Am I then too late? Farewell, my friends!
Plantagenet, I shall never forget my oath to the King; I shall become,
I fear, an outcast and a soldier of fortune, even if I escape worse
fate; but claim when you will, and it shall be your's, whatever
protection I can afford you."

"Yield then, Lord Lovel," said the youth, "to my first request. You
are in peril, let me share it: permit me to accompany you. If you
refuse, my plan is already formed; I repair to the Earl of Lincoln,
whom King Richard named his successor, and offer myself as a soldier
in his attempt to discrown the usurping Henry, and to raise again the
White Rose to its rightful supremacy."

"To the Earl of Lincoln--the successor of Richard--to him you would
repair? It is well--come with me now, and I will present you to that
nobleman. If your foster-father consents, bid adieu to this seclusion
for a time, and accompany me to London, to new contests--to the combat
of right against might--to success and honour, or to defeat and

The sun had risen high when, having taking leave of the venerable
Monk, who would not oppose his pupil's gallant spirit of enterprize,
Lord Lovel and young. Plantagenet threaded the forest paths, which, by
a safer and a shorter route than the highway, took them on their road
to London. For a time they led their horses with difficulty through
the entangled thicket, when at last reaching the open road, they
mounted, and Lord Lovel, who was desirous of estimating the abilities
and disposition of his companion, entered into conversation with him,
They first conversed on the sad changes which were the work of the
eventful day of battle; afterwards the Cavalier and led Edmund to
speak of himself, his early life, his acquirements, and his hopes.

When Plantagenet was but ten years old his mother died, and her last
request to the father of her boy, founded on a deep knowledge of the
world, was, that her son might be educated far from the court, nor be
drawn from the occupations and happier scenes of private life, to
become a hanger-on of princes and nobles. There was a man, a gentleman
and a knight, who had been a partizan of the White Rose, and who had
fought and bled for it in various battles between the Duke of York and
Henry VI. In one of these, the misery of the times, and horible
consequences of civil dissension, caused him unwittingly to lift his
armed hand against his twin brother, nor did he discover the mistake
till, with his dying voice, that brother called on him to assist him
against his slayer. A life of seclusion, penance, and prayer, alone
blunted his sense of remorse, and quitting the world, he retired to a
monastery, where after due noviciate he took vows, and then shrinking
from commerce with his kind, followed by visions that spoke for ever
to him of his unnatural crime, he retreated to the forest of
Leicester-shire, to dwell alone with his grief and his repentance.

His retreat was known to many of his friends, and chance had brought
the Duke of Gloucester at one time to visit him; when the ancient
warrier rejoiced with enthusiasm at the exaltation of the party to
which he was attached. The death of the mother of Edmund had the
effect of softening the Duke's heart, of making for a short interval
worldly cares and objects distasteful to him, and of filling him with
a desire of seclusion and peace. If he was unable to enjoy these
himself, he resolved that at least his child should not be drawn by
him into the thorny path of rivalship and ambition. His mother's last
injunction strengthened this feeling; and the Duke, visiting again the
hermit of the wood, induced him to take charge of Edmund, and bringing
him up in ignorance of his real parentage, to bestow such education on
him as would enable him to fill with reputation an honourable, if not
a distinguished station in society. This order of things was not
changed by Richard's exaltation to the crown. On the contrary, the
dangers he incurred from his usurpation, made him yet more anxious to
secure a peaceful existence for his offspring. When, however, his
legitimate son, whom he had created Prince of Wales, died, paternal
affection awoke strong in his heart, and he could not resist his
desire of seeing Edmund: a memorable visit for the priest-bred
nursling of the forest! It gave him a link with society with which
before he had felt no connexion: his imagination and curiosity were
highly excited. His revered friend, yielding to his eager demands, was
easily enticed to recur to the passed scenes of an eventful life. The
commencement of the wars of the two Roses, and their dreadful results,
furnished inexhaustible topics of discourse. Plantagenet listened with
breathless interest, although it was not till the eve of the battle of
Bosworth, that he knew how indissolubly his own fortunes were linked
with those of the house of York.

The events of the few last days had given him a new existence. For the
first time, feeling was the parent of action; and a foregoing event
drove him on to the one subsequent. He was excited to meditate on a
thousand schemes, while the unknown future inspired him with an awe
that thrilled his young heart with mingled pain and pleasure. He
uttered his sentiments with the ingenuousness of one who had never
been accustomed to converse with any but a friend; and as he spoke,
his dark and thoughtful eyes beamed with a tempered fire, that shewed
him capable of deep enthusiasm, though utter want of knowledge of the
world must make him rather a follower than a leader.

They rode on meanwhile, the noble Cavalier and gentle Squire indulging
in short repose. The intense fatigue Edmund at first endured, seemed
to be subdued by the necessity of its continuance, nor did it prevent
him from conversing with Lord Lovel. He was anxious thoroughly to
understand the immediate grounds of the Earl of Richmond's invasion,
and to ascertain the relative position of the remaining chiefs of the
White Rose: "Where," he asked, "are Edward the Fourth's children?"

"The elder of these," Lord Lovel replied, "the Lady Elizabeth, is, by
direction of her uncle, at Sheriff Hutton, in Yorkshire."

"And where the princes? Edward, who was proclaimed king, and his
younger brother?"

"They were long imprisoned in the Tower. Young Edward died there more
than a year ago."

"And the Duke of York?"

"He is supposed to have died also: they were both sickly boys."

Lord Lovel said these words in a grave voice, and suspicion would have
been instilled into any but the unsuspecting Edmund, of some covert
meaning. After a short pause, he continued:--"The question of the
succession stands thus. Your father, the Duke of Gloucester threw the
stigma of illegitimacy on King Edward's children, and thus took from
them their right of inheriting the crown. The attainder of the Duke of
Clarence was considered reason sufficient why his children should be
excluded from the throne, and their uncle in consequence became, by
right of birth, King of England: his son he created Prince of Wales.
We submitted; for a child like Edward the Fifth could scarcely be
supported against an experienced warrior, a man of talent, a sage and
just king, but at the expense of much blood. The wounds inflicted by
the opposing houses of York and Lancaster were yet, as the late
successful rebellion proves, unhealed; and had the Yorkists contended
among themselves, they would yet sooner have lost the supremacy they
so hardly acquired: Richard therefore received our oaths of
allegiance. When his son died, the question of who was the heir to the
crown became agitated; and the king at first declared the Earl of
Warwick, the son of the Duke of Clarence, to be his successor. It was
a dangerous step--and the impurdent friends of the young Earl made it
more so--to name him to succeed, who, if he were permitted at any time
to wear the crown, might claim precedence of him who possessed it.
Poor Warwick paid the penalty of youth and presumption: he is now a
prisoner at Sheriff Hutton; and John de la Poole, Earl of Lincoln, son
of Richard's sister, and by the removal of the children of his elder
brothers, his heir by law, was nominated to succeed his uncle. I am
now proceeding to him. I am ignorant of the conduct he will pursue;
whether he will make head against this Lancastrian King, or--Lincoln
is a noble cavalier; a man whom bright honour clothes; he is brave,
generous, and good. I shall guide myself by his counsels and resolves;
and you, it appears, will follow my example."

After a pause, Lord Lovel continued: "After the death or disappearance
of his princely nephews, the king, wishing to confirm his title, was
ready to take the stigma thrown on their birth from his brother's
daughters, and to marry his niece, the Lady Elizabeth. Her mother at
first resisted, but the prospect of seeing her children restored to
their rights, and herself to her lost dignity, overcame her
objections, and the princess yielded a willing consent. Meanwhile the
Yorkists, who joined the Earl of Richmond, extorted from him a vow
that he would make King Edward's daughter his queen; and even the
Lancastrians, thinking thus to secure a king of their own, are eager
for this union: yet the Earl hates us all so cordially that he was
hardly brought to consent. Should he, now that he has declared himself
king, evade his promise, the children of Elizabeth Woodville will
suffer the stain of illegitimacy; but if the marriage has place, and
this unhappy race is restored to their honours and rights, our self-
named sovereign may find that his own hands have dug the pit into
which he will fall."

A long silence succeeded to these explanations. The last expression
used by Lovel inspired Edmund with wonder and curiosity; but the noble
pressing his horse to a swifter pace, did not hear his observations,
or hearing them, replied only by saying, "Three hours' good riding
will bring us to London. Courage, Plantagenet! slacken not your speed,
my good boy; soft ease will follow this hard labour."

The young moon in its first quarter was near its setting when they
arrived at London. They approached from Edgware: without entering the
town, they skirted its northern extremity, till Lord Lovel, checking
his horse, remarked to his companion, that he judged it fitting to
delay approaching the residence of the Earl of Lincoln, until the
setting of the moon and subsequent darkness secured them from


Yes, my good Lord.
It doth contain a king; King Richard lies
Within the limits of you lime and stone.

The Earl of Lincoln, declared by Richard the Third, heir to the crown,
did not join the royal forces, nor appear at the battle of Bosworth.
This distinguished prince was a man of singular abilities and strength
of mind, which chivalrous generosity adorned with a lustre superior
even to that which he derived from his high rank. Lord Lovel was
possessed of knightly courage, untarnished honour, and gentlemanly
accomplishment. To these military and graceful qualities Lincoln added
the wisdom of a statesman, and the moral energy resulting from
inflexible principle. He felt himself responsible to mankind and to
all posteriy for his actions. He was brave--that was a virtue of the
times; but he was just, in a comprehensive sense of the word, and that
exalted him above them. His manly features did not so much wear the
stamp of beauty, though, like all the offspring of the House of York,
he was handsome, as of the best quality of man, a perception of right,
and resolution to achieve that right.

Lord Lincoln disapproved decidedly of the usurpation of his uncle,
Richard the Third, over the children of Edward the Fourth. He allowed
that the evidence was strong in favour of that king's former marriage,
and their consequent illegitimacy; but he said, that Elizabeth
Woodville had so long been held Queen of England, and her children
heirs to the crown, that it was impossible to eradicate the belief of
the English people, that their allegiance was due to him who had been
proclaimed even by his uncle, Edward the Fifth. Even if they were put
aside, that attainder passed against the Duke of Clarence was an
insufficient reason to deprive his son of his lawful inheritance. He
saw England wasted, and her nobility extirpated by civil contest; and
he perceived the seeds of future strife in the assumption of the crown
by the Duke of Gloucester. When the son of Richard the Third died, and
the Earl of Warwick was named his successor, the superior right of the
nephew before the reigning uncle became so eminent a subject of
discussion, that the king was obliged to recall his declaration, and
to confine the young Prince in a castle in Yorkshire. The Earl of
Lincoln, then seven and twenty years of age, was next named. He
remonstrated with his uncle privately; but fear of dividing the House
of York against itself, and a disdain to make common cause with the
dowager Queen's relations, made him outwardly submit; but his plan was
formed, and secretly all his efforts tended towards the restoring the
children of Edward to their paternal rights.

The boys were sickly. Edward the Fifth, irritated by the extinction of
the hopes which the intrigues of his mother had kept alive in his
breast, wasted by imprisonment in the Tower, and brooking with untamed
pride the change from a regal to a private station, pined and died.
Richard, Duke of York, was between ten and eleven; a sprightly
ingenuous boy, whose lively spirit wore out his frame, and this, added
to confinement and attention to his dying brother, brought him also
near the grave. It was on the death of Edward that the Earl of Lincoln
visited the Tower, and saw young Richard. The accounts given by the
attendants of his more than a child's devotion to his brother, his
replies full of sportive fancy, his beauty, though his cheek was faded
and his person grown thin, moved the generous noble to deep
compassion. He ventured, under the strong influence of this feeling,
to remonstrate warmly with his royal uncle, reproaching him with
needless cruelty, and telling him how in fact, though not in
appearance, he was the murderer of his nephews, and would be so held
by all mankind. Richard's ambition was satisfied by the success of his
measures to obtain the crown; but his fears were awake. The Duke of
Buckingham was in arms against him--the Queen and her surviving
relatives were perpetually employed in exciting discontents in the
kingdom. Richard feared, that if they obtained the person of his
nephew, he would be turned into an engine for his overthrow; while to
obtain possession of him, was the constant aim of their endeavours. He
earnestly desired to reconcile himself to the Queen, and to draw her
from the sanctuary in which she had immured herself--she refused all
his offers, unless her son was first placed in her hands.

His head, ripe with state plots, now conceived a scheme. He consented
that Lincoln should take the Duke of York under his charge, if he
would first engage to keep his removal from the Tower, and even his
existence, a secret from his enemies. Lincoln made the required
promise; the young Prince was conveyed to a country seat belonging to
the Earl, and Richard, in furtherance of his plan, caused a rumour to
go abroad that he also was dead. No one knew with whom this report
originated. When, to assure themselves, various nobles visited the
Tower, the boy was no longer there. The Queen gave credit to the tale.
At this moment, Richard set on foot a negociation of marriage with the
eldest daughter of Edward the Fourth, the Lady Elizabeth. The
partizans of the Earl of Richmond sought to ensure the success of his
enterprize by the same means: and while little Richard grew in health
and happiness in his country retreat, his own nearest and most
attached relatives were giving away his inheritance--his uncle
unwittingly laid the foundation stone of the reputation of cruelty and
murder ever after affixed to him; and his mother, endeavouring to
exalt her daughter, and to restore herself to her lost station in the
kingdom, sealed the fatal decree that first deprived her son of his
rights, and afterwards of his life.

On the evening that Lord Lovel and Edmund Plantagenet entered London,
the Earl of Lincoln remained waiting intelligence from the field, in a
palace he inhabited not far from Tottenham Court, a secluded
habitation, surrounded by a garden and a high wall. This was an
irksome situation for a warrior; but though his uncle loved, he
distrusted him: his projected marriage with the Lady Elizabeth, would
probably cause him again to be father of an heir to the crown, and
knowing that Lincoln possessed, in the young Duke of York, a dangerous
rival, he refused to allow him to take up arms against Richmond. Lord
Lincoln was alone, pacing his large and vaulted hall in deep and
anxious meditation. He, who with conscience for his rule, takes, or
endeavours to take, the reins of fate into his own hands, must
experience frequent misgivings; and often feel, that he wheels near
the edge of a giddy precipice, down which the tameless steeds he
strives to govern, may, in an instant, hurl him and all dependent upon
his guidance. The simple feeling of compassion, arising from the
seeing childhood lose its buoyancy in undue confinement, had first led
the princely noble to take charge of his young cousin. Afterwards,
when he beheld the boy grow in health and years, developing the while
extraordinary quickness of intellect, and a sweet ingenuous
disposition, he began to reflect on the station he held, his rights
and his injuries; and then the design was originated on which he was
now called to act.

If Richard gained the day, all would stand as before. Should he be
defeated--and that second sense, that feeling of coming events, which
is one of the commonest, though the least acknowledged of the secret
laws of our nature, whispered the yet unrevealed truth to him--who
then would assume England's diadem, and how could he secure it for its
rightful owner, the only surviving son of Edward the Fourth? All these
reflexions coursed themselves through his brain, while, with the zeal
of a partizan, and the fervour of one wedded to the justice of his
cause, he revolved every probable change of time and fortune.

At this moment a courier was announced: he brought tidings from the
field. As is usual on the eve of a great event, they were dubious and
contradictory. The armies faced each other, and the battle was
impending. The doubts entertained on both sides, as to the part that
Lord Stanley would take, gave still a greater uncertainty to the
anticipations of each.

Soon after the arrival of this man, the loud ringing at the outer gate
was renewed; and the trampling of horses, as they entered the court,
announced a more numerous company. There was something in the
movements of his domestics, that intimated to the Earl that his
visitor was of superior rank. Could it be the king, who had fled;
conquered, and fugitive? Could such terms be applied to the high-
hearted Richard? The doors of the hall were thrown open, and the
question answered by the entrance of his visitant: it was a woman; and
her name, "Lady Brampton!" in a tone of wonder, burst from the noble's

"Even I, my good Lord," said the lady; "allow me your private ear; I
bring intelligence from Leicestershire. All is lost," she continued,
when the closing of the door assured her of privacy; "all is lost, and
all is gained--Richard is slain. My emissaries brought swift
intelligence of this event to me at Northampton, and I have hastened
with it bither, that without loss of time you may act."

There was a quickness and a decision in the lady's manner, that
checked rather than encouraged her auditor. She continued: "Vesper
hour has long passed--it matters not--London yet is ours. Command
instantly that Richard the Fourth be proclaimed king of England."

Lord Lincoln started at these words. The death of his uncle and
benefactor could not be received by him like the loss of a move at
chess; a piece lost, that required the bringing up of other pieces to
support a weak place. "The king is slain," were words that rung in his
ears; drowning every other that the lady uttered with rapidity and
agitation. "We will speak of that anon," he replied; and going to the
high window of his hall, he threw it open, as if the air oppressed
him. The wind sighed in melancholy murmurs among the branches of the
elms and limes in the garden: the stars were bright, and the setting
moon was leaving the earth to their dim illumination. "Yesternight,"
thought Lincoln, "he was among us, a part of our conversation, our
acts, our lives; now his glazed eyes behold not these stars. The past
is his: with the present and the future he has no participation."

Lady Brampton's impatience did not permit the Earl long to indulge in
that commune with nature, which we eagerly seek when grief and death
throws us back on the weakness of our human state, and we feel that we
ourselves, our best laid projects and loftiest hopes, are but the play
things of destiny. "Wherefore," cried the lady, "does De la Poole
linger? Does he hesitate to do his cousin justice? Does he desire to
follow in the steps of his usurping predecessor? Wherefore this

"To strike the surer," replied Lincoln. "May not I ask, wherefore this

Even as he spoke, steps were heard near the apartment; and while the
eyes of both were turned with inquietude on the expected intruder,
Lord Lovel entered: there was no triumph, no eager anticipation on his
brow--he was languid from ill success and fatigue. Lincoln met him
with the pleasure of one who sees his friend escaped from certain
death. He was overjoyed to be assured of his existence; he was glad to
have his assistance on the present emergency. "We know," he said, "all
the evil tidings you bring us; we are now deliberating on the conduct
we are to pursue: your presence will facilitate our measures. Tell me
what other friends survive to aid us. The Duke of Norfolk, the
Staffords, Sir Robert Brakenbury, where are they?"

Lovel had seen the Duke fall, the Staffords had accompanied his
flight; uncertainty still hung over the fate of many others. This
detail of the death of many of their common friends, subdued the
impetuosity of the lady, till an account of how Richard himself had
fought and been slain, recalled her to their former topic of
discussion; and, again, she said, "It is strange that you do not
perceive the dangers of delay. Why is not the king proclaimed?"

"Do you not know," asked Lord Lovel, "that the king is proclaimed?"

Lady Brampton clasped her hands, exclaiming--"Then Richard the Fourth
will wear his father's crown!"

"Henry the Seventh," said Lovel, "possesses and wears the English
crown. Lord Stanley placed the diadem on the head of the Earl of
Richmond, and his soldiers, with one acclaim, acknowledged him as
their sovereign."

"This is mere trifling," said the lady; "the base-born offspring of
Lancaster may dare aspire so high, but one act of our's dethrones him.
The Yorkists are numerous, and will defend their king: London is yet

"Yes," replied Lincoln, "it is in our power to deluge the streets of
London with blood; to bring massacre among its citizens, and worse
disaster on its wives and maidens. I would not buy an eternal crown
for myself--I will not strive to place that of England on my kinsman's
head--at this cost. We have had over-much of war: I have seen too many
of the noble, young, and gallant, fall by the sword. Brute force has
had its day; now let us try what policy can do."

The council these friends held together was long and anxious. The lady
still insisted on sudden and resolute measures. Lord Lovel, a soldier
in all his nature, looked forward to the calling together the Yorkists
from every part of the kingdom. The Earl, with a statesman's
experience, saw more of obstacle to their purpose in the elevation of
Henry the Seventh than either of his companions would allow; the
extreme youth of the Duke of York, the oblivion into which he had
sunk, and the stain on his birth, which was yet unremoved, would
disincline the people to hazard life and fortune in his cause. Henry
had taken oath to marry his sister, the Lady Elizabeth, and when thus
the progeny of Edward the Fourth were freed from the slur under which
they now laboured, the whole country would be alive to the claims of
his only son. It was necessary now to place him in safety, and far
away from the suspicious eyes of his usurping enemy. That morning Lord
Lincoln had brought him up from his rural retreat to the metropolis,
and sheltered him for a few hours under safe but strange guardianship.
He was left at the house of a Flemish money-lender well known at
court. It was agreed that Lord Lovel should take him thence, and make
him the companion of his journey to Colchester, where they should
remain watching the turn of events, and secretly preparing the
insurrection which would place him on the throne. Lady Brampton was
obliged to proceed immediately northwards to join her husband; the
north was entirely Yorkist, and her influence would materially assist
the cause. The Earl remained in London; he would sound the
inclinations of the nobility, and even coming in contact with the new
king, watch over danger and power at its fountain-head. One more
question was discussed. Whether the Queen, Elizabeth Woodville, should
be made acquainted with the existence of her son. All three, from
various reasons decided in the negative. A personal enmity existed
between the widow of Edward the Fourth and Lady Brampton: her party
was detested by the two nobles. It would be more popular with the
nation, they thought, if her kinsmen, whose upstart pretentions were
the object of the derision and scorn of the old aristocracy, had no
part in bestowing the crown on the heir of the House of York. Time
wore away during these deliberations; it was past midnight before the
friends separated. Lord Lovel presented his young friend, Edmund
Plantagenet, to the Earl, and recommended him to his protection.
Refreshment was also necessary after Lovel's fatiguing journey; but he
was so intent on accomplishing his purpose, that he wasted but a few
minutes in this manner, and then being provided with a fresh horse
from Lincoln's stables, he left the palace, to proceed first to the
present abode of Richard of York, and afterwards, accompanied by him,
on his road to Essex.

Lord Lovel threaded his way through the dark narrow streets of London
towards Lothbury. The habitation of the money-lender was well known to
him, but it was not easily entered at past midnight. A promised bribe
to the apprentice who hailed him from the lofty garret-window, and his
signet-ring sent in to his master, at length procured admission into
the bed-chamber of Mynheer Jahn Warbeck. The old man sat up in his
bed, his red cotton night-cap on his head, his spectacles, with which
he had examined the ring, on his nose; his chamber was narrow and
dilapidated, his bed of ill condition. "Who would suppose," thought
Lovel, "that this man holds half England in pawn?"

When Warbeck heard that the errand of Lovel was to take from him his
princely charge, he rose hastily, wrapping a robe round him, and
opened a small wainscoat door leading into a little low room, whence
he drew the half-sleeping and wondering boy. There was a rush taper in
the room, and daylight began to peep through the crevices of the
shutters, giving melancholy distinctness to the dirty and dismantled
chamber. One ray fell directly on the red night-cap and spectacles of
old Jahn, whose parchment face was filled with wrinkles, yet they were
lines of care, not of evil, and there was even benevolence in his
close mouth; for the good humour and vivacity of the boy had won on
him. Besides he had himself a son, for whom he destined all his
wealth, of the same age as the little fellow whose plump roseate hand
he held in his own brown shrivelled palm. The boy came in, rubbing his
large blue eyes, the disordered ringlets of his fair hair shading a
face replete with vivacity and intelligence. Mynheer Jahn was somewhat
loth to part with the little prince, but the latter clapped his hands
in extacy when he heard that Lord Lovel had come to take him away.

"I pray you tell me, Sir Knight," said old Warbeck, "whether
intelligence hath arrived of the victory of our gracious sovereign,
and the defeat of the Welch rebels."

Richard became grave at these words; he fixed his eyes enquiringly on
the noble: "Dear Lord Lovel," he cried, "for I remember you well, my
very good Lord, when you came to the Tower and found me and Robert
Clifford playing at bowls--tell me, how you have fought, and whether
you have won."

"Mine are evil tidings;" said Lovel, "all is lost. We were vanquished,
and your royal uncle slain."

Warbeck's countenance changed at these words; he lamented the king; he
lamented the defeat of the party which he had aided by various
advances of money, and his regrets at once expressed sorrow for the
death of some, and dread from the confiscation of the property of
others. Meanwhile, Richard of York was full of some thought that
swelled his little breast; taking Lovel's hand, he asked again, "My
uncle, Richard the Third, is dead?"

"Even so," was the reply; "he died nobly on the field of battle."

The child drew himself up, and his eyes flashed as he said proudly,--
"Then I am king of England."

"Who taught your Grace that lesson?" asked Lovel.

"My liege--my brother Edward. Often and often in the long winter
nights, and when he was sick in bed, he told me how, after he had been
proclaimed king, he had been dethroned; but that when our uncle died
he should be king again; and that if it pleased God to remove him, I
should stand in his place; and I should restore my mother's honour,
and this he made me swear."

"Bless the boy!" cried Warbeck, "he speaks most sagely; may the saints
incline my lord, the Earl of Lincoln, to do his royal cousin justice!"

"Your grace," said Lovel, "shall hear more of this as we proceed on
our journey. Mynheer Jahn, the Earl bade me apply to you; you are to
repair to him before noon; meanwhile, fill this long empty purse with
gold coins. He will be my guarantee."

"Lend me the money," cried the little Duke, "I will repay you. We will
repay you, when we have our crown."

This was an inducement not to be resisted. Warbeck counted out the
gold; the boy with light steps tripped down the creaking old
staircase, and when Lovel had mounted, taking his hand, he sprung in
the saddle before him. The fresh morning air was grateful to both,
after the close chambers of the Fleming. The noble put his horse to a
quick trot, and leaving London by a different road from that by which
he had entered, took his way through Romford and Chelmsford to

The news of the Earl of Richmond's victory and assumption of the crown
reached London that night. The citizens heard it on their awakening.
The market-people from the west related it to those who came in from
the east; but it had not hitherto travelled in that direction. Lovel
knew that the storm was behind him, but he outrode it; on the evening
of the second day he was safe in sanctuary at Colchester. His young
charge was lodged at a farmhouse belonging to a tenant of Sir Humphrey
Stafford. They all awaited impatiently for the time when the Earl of
Lincoln would put a period to their confinement, by informing them
that the hour was arrived when they might again take arms against the
upstart Lancastrian King.


Small joy have I in being England's Queen!

Henry the Seventh was a man of strong sense and sound understanding.
He was prudent, resolute, and valiant; on the other hand, he was
totally devoid of generosity, and was actuated all his life by base
and had passions. At first the ruling feeling of his heart was hatred
of the House of York--nor did he wholly give himself up to the avarice
that blotted his latter years, till the extinction of that unhappy
family satisfied his revenge, so that for want of fuel the flame died
away. Most of his relatives and friends had perished in the field or
on the scaffold by the hands of the Yorkists--his own existence had
been in jeopardy during their exaltation; and the continuance of his
reign, and even of his life, depended on their utter overthrow. Henry
had a mind commensurate to the execution of his plans: he had a talent
for seizing, as if instinctively, on all the bearings of a question
before him; and a ready perception of the means by which he might
obviate difficulties and multiply facilities, was the most prominent
part of his character. He never aimed at too much, and felt
instantaneously when he had arrived at the enough. More of cruelty
would have roused England against him; less would have given greater
hopes to the partizans of his secreted rival. He had that exact
portion of callousness of heart which enabled him to extricate himself
in the admirable manner he did from all his embarrassments.

It is impossible to say what his exact views were, when he landed in
England, and made head against Richard the Third. His right of
succession, even through the House of Lancaster, was ill-founded, and
probably he would scarcely have dared to decorate his brows with the
royal circlet but for the happy boldness of Stanley, and the
enthusiasm felt by his soldiers in the hour of victory, which had
bestowed it on him. Once a king, as it was impossible, without risk of
life, to sink to a private station, he did not hesitate, but bent
every energy of his mind to the contriving the means to seat himself
firmly on his newly-acquired throne.

The illegitimacy of Edward the Fourth's children had removed them from
the succesion. But though no doubt was entertained as to the fact of
Edward having married Lady Eleanor Butler, yet Henry had the taint of
illegitimacy on his own race; and, moreover, Elizabeth Woodville
having so long filled the station of Queen of England, the public
voice went in her favour, and the majority of the English people
looked upon the tale which deprived her children of their rights, as a
contrivance of their usurping uncle. What then was to become of them?
Edward the Fifth was dead: of this fact there was no doubt. It had
been rumoured that the Duke of York had not long survived his brother.
To ascertain the truth of this report, Henry dispatched one of his
most staunch adherents to the Tower. The boy was not there; but a
mystery hung over his fate which did not quite assure the new king of
his death. Henry feared that he was in the hands of the Yorkists, and
this dread gave fresh vigour to his distrust and abhorrence of the
partizans of the White Rose. He formed a scheme to defeat their
projects; he caused it to be disseminated that both the princes had
been found dead--murdered--in the Tower.

The competitors for the crown, whose claims ranked next, were the
daughters of Edward the Fourth. Henry immediately saw the necessity of
agreeing to the treaty entered into by the Countess of Richmond, for
his marriage with the eldest of these princesses. He hated to owe his
title to the crown to any part of the House of York; he resolved, if
possible, to delay and break the marriage; but his own friends were
urgent with him to comply, and prudence dictated the measure; he
therefore promised to adopt it--thus effectually to silence the
murmurs of the party of the White Rose.

But if the young Duke of York re-appeared meanwhile, it would be
necessary not to repeal the Act of Parliament that cast a stigma on
his birth. If the children of Elizabeth Woodville and Edward the
Fourth, were debarred from the crown, the Earl of Warwick was the next
heir. He was confined by Richard the Third at Sheriff Hutton, in
Yorkshire. He was the especial object of Henry's fear, and now he
commanded him to be brought from his northern prison to the Tower of
London, to be kept a close prisoner in that melancholy and ill-fated
place. There was one other rival, the Earl of Lincoln, named by
Richard to succeed him; but his pretensions came so far behind the
others, and he enjoyed so high a reputation for sagacity and virtue,
that Henry believed it best to let him alone for the present, only
surrounding him with spies; and resolved, on the first note of danger,
to destroy him.

Fortune smiled on the new sovereign. The disappearance of the two
children from the Tower, caused the Yorkists to settle their
affections on the young Elizabeth. She was at Sheriff-Hutton, waiting
impatiently for her union with her uncle; now she received commands to
proceed to London, as the affianced bride of that uncle's conqueror.
Already the common talk ran on the entwining of the two Roses; and all
the adherents of her family, who could gain access, recommended their
cause to her, and entreated her, in the first days of power, not to
forget her father's friends, but to incline the heart of her husband
to an impartial love for the long rival houses of Lancaster and York.

Two parties arrived on the same day at Sheriff-Hutton, on the
different missions of conducting the Lady Elizabeth and the Earl of
Warwick to London. On the morning of their departure, they met in the
garden of their abode to take leave of each other. Elizabeth was
nineteen years old, Warwick was the exact age of her brother, Edward
the Fifth; he was now sixteen.

"We are about to travel the same road with far different
expectations," said Warwick. "I go to be a prisoner; you, fair Cousin,
to ascend a throne."

There was a despondency in the youth's manner that deeply affected
this Princess. "Dear Edward," she replied, clasping his hand, "we have
been fellow-prisoners long, and sympathy has lightened the burthen of
our chains. Can I forget our walks in this beauteous park, and the
love and confidence we have felt for each other? My dearest boy, when
I am Queen, Esther will claim a boon from Ahasuerus, and Warwick shall
be the chief noble in my train."

She looked at him with a brilliant smile; her heart glowed with
sisterly affection. She might well entertain high anticipations of
future power; she was in the pride of youth and beauty; the light
spirit of expected triumph lighted up her lovely face. She was about
to become the bride of a conqueror, yet one whose laurels would droop
without her propping; she was to be Queen of her native land, the
pearly clasp to unite the silken bond with which peace now bound long
discordant England. She was unable to communicate this spirit of hope
to her desponding friend; he gazed on her beauty with admiration and
deep grief, asking, with tearful eyes, "Shall we ever meet again?"

"Yes! in London, in the Court of Henry, we shall again be companions--

"I go to the Tower, not to the Court," replied Warwick, "and when
those gloomy gates close on me, I shall pray that my head may soon
repose on the cold stone that pillows my cousin Edward. I shall sleep
uneasily till then."

"Fie, Cousin!" said Elizabeth; "such thoughts ill beseem the nearest
kinsman of the future Queen of England. You will remain but a short
time in the Tower; but if you nurse thoughts like these, you will pine
there as you did before I shared your prison here, and the roses with
which my care has painted your cheeks, will again fade."

"Wan and colourless will my cheek be ere your bright eyes look on it
again. Is it not sufficient grief that I part from you, beloved

A gush at once of sorrow, of affection, of long suppressed love,
overpowered the youth. "I shall think of you," he added, "in my
prison-house; and while I know that you regret my fate, I cannot be
wholly a wretch. Do you not love me? And will you not, as a proof,
give me one of these golden hairs, to soothe poor Warwick's misery?
One only," he said, taking from her braided locks the small gift he
demanded, "I will not diminish the rich beauty of your tresses, yet
they will not look lovelier, pressed by the jewelled diadem of
England, than under the green chaplet I crowned you with a few months
past, my Queen of May!"

And thus, the eyes of each glistening with tears, they parted. For a
moment Warwick looked as if he wished to press his cousin to his
heart; and she, who loved him as a sister, would have yielded to his
embrace: but before his arms enfolded her, he started back, bent one
knee, pressed her hand to his lips, his eyes, his brow, and bending
his head for an instant towards the ground, sprang up, and rushed down
the avenue towards the gate at which his guard awaited him. Elizabeth
stood motionless, watching him till out of sight. The sun sparkled
brightly on a tuft of wild flowers at her feet. The glittering light
caught her eye. "It is noon," she thought; "the morning dew is dry; it
is Warwick's tears that gem these leaves." She gathered the flowers,
and, first kissing them, placed them in her bosom; with slow steps,
and a sorrowing heart, she re-entered the Castle.

The progress of the Lady Elizabeth from Sheriff Hutton to London was
attended by every circumstance that could sustain her hopes. She was
received with acclamation and enthusiasm in every town through which
she passed. She indeed looked forward with girlish vanity to the
prospect of sharing the throne with Henry. She had long been taught
the royal lesson, that with princes, the inclinations are not to bear
any part in a disposal of the hand. Her imagination fed on the good
she would do for others, when raised to the regal dignity; the hope of
liberating Warwick, and of fulfilling her mother's wishes in
conferring benefits on various partizans of the White Rose, filled her
bosom with the purest joy; youth, beauty, and the expectation of
happiness caused the measure of her content to overflow.

With a fluttering heart she entered London: small preparation had been
made to receive her, and she was immediately conducted to her mother's
abode at the Tower Royal, in the Parish of Walbrook. The first check
her hopes received arose from the clouded brow of the Queen, as she
embraced her daughter, and welcomed her arrival. Many fears in truth
occupied the thoughts of the illustrious widow. She could not forget
her sons; and the mystery that hung over the fate of the younger,
pressed heavily upon her. It was now the eighteenth of October, and
the preparations for the coronation of Henry were in great
forwardness; Parliament had recognized his title without any allusion
to the union with the heiress of the House of York. She had
endeavoured to fathom his purposes, and to understand his character.
She knew that he entertained a settled hatred for the White Rose, and
that his chief pride lay in establishing himself on the throne,
independent of the claim he might acquire by his marriage with the
Lady Elizabeth. The common people murmured, the Yorkists were
discontented,--the neighbour stage before they should break out into
open rebellion. Thus dark clouds interposed before the sun of peace,
which had been said to have risen on the event of the battle of
Bosworth Field.

Henry the Seventh was crowned on the thirtieth of October. The queen
looked on this ceremony as the downfall of her hopes. Roused by this
fear, she entered into a sea of intrigue, in which, after all, she had
no certain aim, except that of re-animating the zeal of the Yorkists,
and of exciting such discontent in the public mind, on the
postponement of her daughter's marriage, as to force Henry to consent
to an immediate union. The gentle Elizabeth had meanwhile submitted
patiently to her destiny. She dismissed regality from her thoughts,
and devoted herself to her mother; recreating herself in the society
of her sisters, and now and then contemplating the faded leaves she
had brought from Sheriff Hutton, and lamenting the fate of Warwick.
She had learned to fear and almost to hate Henry; and, but for the
sake of her suffering party, to re-joice that he had apparently
relinquished his intention of marrying her.

The dissatisfaction manifested by the English people, forced Henry to
comply with the universal wish entertained of seeing the daughter of
Edward the Fourth on the throne: yet it was not until the beginning of
January that the Princess received intimation to prepare for her
nuptials. This prospect, which had before elated, now visited her
coldly; for, without the hope of influencing her husband, the state of
a Queen appeared mere bondage. In her heart she wished to reject her
uncourteous bridegroom; and once she had ventured to express this
desire to her mother, who, filled with affright, laid aside her
intrigues, devoting herself to cultivate a more rational disposition
in her daughter. Henry paid the doomed girl one visit, and saw little
in her except a bashful child; while his keener observation was
directed towards the dowager queen. She, with smooth brow and winning
smiles, did the honours of reception to her future son-in-law--to her
bitter foe. The cold courtesy of Henry chilled her; and a strong
desire lurked under her glossy mien, to reproach the usurper with his
weak title, to set up her daughter's claim in opposition to his, and
to defy him to the field. As soon as Henry departed, her suppressed
emotions found vent in tears. Elizabeth was astonished: she knelt
before her, caressed her, and asked if all were not well now, since
the plighted troth had passed between her and the King.

"Has it passed?" murmured the Queen, "and is your hapless fate
decided? Why did I not join you at Sheriff Hutton? Why did I not place
your hand in that of your noble cousin? Ah, Warwick! could I even now
inspire you with my energy, you would be free, in arms; and England to
a man would rise in the cause of Edward the Sixth, and my sweet

The colour in the Princess's cheeks varied, during the utterance of
this speech: first they flushed deep red, but the pale hue of
resolution succeeded quickly to the agitation of doubt. "Mother," she
said, "I was your child; plastic clay in your hands: had you said
these words two hours ago, Warwick might have been liberated--I
perhaps happy. But you have given me away; this ring is the symbol of
my servitude; I belong to Henry. Say no word, I beseech you, that can
interfere with my duty to him. Permit me to retire."

On the eighteenth of January her nuptials were celebrated.

The forbidding manners of Henry threw a chill over the marriage
festival. He considered that he had been driven to this step by his
enemies; and that the chief among these, influenced by her mother, was
Elizabeth herself. The poor girl never raised her eyes from the moment
she had encountered at the altar the stern and unkind glance of the
king. Her steps were unassured, her voice faltering: the name of wife
was to her synonimous with that of slave, while her sense of duty
prevented every outward demonstration of the despair that occupied her

Her mother's indignation was deeper, although not less veiled. She
could silence, but not quell the rage that arose in her breast from
her disappointment; and there were many present who shared her
sentiments. As far as he had been able, Henry had visited the Yorkists
with the heaviest penalties. An act of attainder had been passed
against the Duke of Norfolk, Lord Lovel, the Staffords, and all indeed
of note who had appeared against him. Those with whom he could not
proceed to extremities, he wholly discountenanced. The Red Rose
flourished bright and free--one single white blossom, doomed to
untimely blight, being entwined with the gaudier flowers.


My noble Queen, let former grudges pass.
And henceforth I am thy true servitor.

Meanwhile the Yorkists were impatient for action. The existence of
Prince Richard was a secret to all save Lincoln and Lovel--even the
Staffords were kept in ignorance: their purpose, therefore, was merely
to put down the Lancastrians, and to raise their own party, with
Warwick or Lincoln at their head; they cared not which, so that they
got a king who would, in his turn, uproot the Red Rose. Lincoln would
consent to no decisive step; but from the day of his cousin's
marriage, all his emissaries and friends were on foot to cause
insurrectionary movements in the kingdom, rousing in the old Yorkists
their ancient party spirit, and inspiring the young with hopes of
future aggrandizement and victory.

As the spring advanced, Henry sent the young Queen, with her mother
and sisters, and the Countess of Richmond, to hold her court at
Winchester, while he resolved on a progress through the northern
counties of England, the most affected towards the House of York, to
endeavour, by the royal presence, to awaken affection towards the
reigning sovereign. He passed the festival of Easter at Lincoln, and
there he heard that Lord Lovel, and the two Staffords, had escaped
from sanctuary. The sound of insurrection is fearful to a newly
anointed king; but as no explanation was given to their movements, and
no name of import mingled in the tale, he felt less perturbation at
this intelligence. As he proceeded on his journey, the affair took a
more serious aspect. The Staffords advanced to beseige Worcester; and
Lovel, with an increasing army of three or four thousand men, was in
the neighbourhood of York.

Sir Edward Brampton joined the forces of Lord Lovel, and he and Lady
Brampton again met. The history of this lady was singular. Ten years
before the time of which we write, being then eighteen, she married,
and attended the Court of Edward the Fourth. She had talent and
vivacity: her dark laughing eyes, the animation of her countenance,
her gay and nave manners, attracted her sovereign; and she was soon
distinguished as one whose advancement, if so it might be called, to
the highest influence over him, depended on her own choice between
honour and such preferment. She did not hesitate: but her rejection
won Edward as much as her beauty. A kind of friendship, kept up under
the chivalrous phraseology of the day, was established between them,
that gave, perhaps, more umbrage to the Queen than a less avowed
connexion would have done. All was open; and if the good humour of her
young rival never permitted her to assume haughtiness, there was
something even more revolting in her girlish assumptions of power and
consequence. The Queen hated and affected to despise Lady Brampton;
Lady Brampton felt that she injured the wife of Edward the Fourth. At
first she had earnestly sought to gain her favour, but when rebuffed,
she resorted to the weapons of youth, beauty, and wit, and set at
defiance the darkened brow of Elizabeth. Ten years had passed since

Edward the Fourth died, and under Richard the Third Lady Brampton
returned to her natural place in society; nay, the vivacity of speech
with which she defended the rights of his nephews, made him absolutely
discountenance her. In her days of pride she had refused every mark of
favour from Edward, thus to place their avowed friendship far above
the petty intrigues of the courtiers. It might have been thought that
the Queen and her rival would now, on the grounds of affection for
Edward's children, have leagued together: but, on the contrary, the
mother expressed contempt and indignation at the presumption of Lady
Brampton in assuming a personal interest in her children, and that
lady too well remembered how often her manner and speech must have
offended the Queen to make any vain attempt at reconciliation. The
Earl of Lincoln and Lady Brampton had always been friends; her
liveliness amused him, her integrity and real goodness of heart won
his esteem. Her passionate love for the princes in the Tower, had
caused him when he withdrew thence the young Richard, whose ill-health
demanded constant feminine attentions, to confide him to her charge:
thus she alone became possessed of the secret of his existence, and
now with Lord Lovel she debated how best his interests could be

Lord Lincoln feared by rash measures to endanger the safety of his
nephew. He desired to place him on the throne, but he preferred
bringing him up in freedom and obscurity to any ill-judged attempt
that might throw him into his enemy's hands, and make him prisoner for
life. His plans were all laid upon this principle: he commanded Lord
Lovel, who submitted wholly to him, not to breathe the name of the son
of Edward till he had gained a decided advantage over the reigning
sovereign. If victorious, he might set up the royal standard and
proclaim Richard the Fourth, while the Earl, still in London, would
call together all the Yorkists, and, in the absence of the king,
seize, in his nephew's name, upon the capital of the kingdom. If Lord
Lovel's attempt proved unsuccessful, it was decided that the prince
should escape immediately to the Continent, there to remain till some
new insurrection was organized; for, though cautious, he was resolute,
and he had determined never to relinquish his purpose, but to excite
rebellion and discontent against Henry till the rightful heir
possessed his own.

These plans were in contradiction to Lady Brampton's views, but she
was obliged to submit. Her quick woman's wit discovered her another
danger. The absolute silence observed concerning the young Prince,
then only eleven years of age, might in the end cast a doubt over the
justice of his pretensions, and she told Lord Lovel, that, if after a
failure Richard quitted England, he must first be seen and
acknowledged by his mother. She resolved, therefore, on immediately
going to Winchester to prepare Elizabeth for the reception of her son;
and Lord Lovel, who agreed in the wisdom of this proposal, promised at
all hazards that ere leaving the kingdom the Duke of York should cross
the country to that town, whence by Southampton he might escape to
France. While therefore Lord Lovel increased his army and marched in
high hopes towards York, Lady Brampton proceeded southward, meditating
the safest and best manner of introducing herself to the Queen.

There was a man, Richard Simon or Symond, who afterwards figured in
the chronicles, that had long been secretly concerned in the course of
events. He was the son of a tenant of Sir John Gray, and had been the
playmate of the Lady Elizabeth Gray's elder children. His love of
books, his sedentary habits, and quick wit on matters of learning, led
those interested in his fate to consider him fitted for the church,
and therefore he took priest's orders. But his mind, though not
attuned to action in its noblest sense, was not one that could remain
at rest. He loved power; he was sagacious, astute, and intriguing:
when the Lady Gray became Queen, he being still too young for high
promotion, preferred an unnoticed but influential situation near her
person to more lucrative employ, which would remove him from the
pleasures and dignity of the Court. When Edward died he devoted
himself to the service of his royal patroness, and hardly escaped
being imprisoned for life by Richard, when the latter was most
exasperated against the Queen Dowager's relations. From that time
Richard Simon found full occupation for his plotting head, in
endeavouring to bring about the overthrow of the usurping Gloucester,
and to raise the hopes of Henry the Seventh, who requited ill his
active zeal: and now again he busied himself in exalting the Queen's
party. He looked the man he was--a prier into secrets--one who
conducted the drama of life by back-stairs and tell-tale valets: his
small grey eyes were quick to discern the meaning of each smile or
frown; his young brow was already wrinkled through care and thought;
craft lurked in the corners of his lips; and his whispering voice
betokened habitual caution. He continued to hover near the Queen; now
dispatched to sound some Yorkist, now closeted to discuss some
expression of the King's, in which to find a secret meaning. Repose
was the thing he hated; and for ever with some plan on foot, some web
to weave or unravel, he was seen with brows a little elevated by self-
conceit, with a courtly bend of the body and insinuating address, now
assuring a Lancastrian of the perfect satisfaction of the Queen, now
whispering to a Yorkist a tale of slights and injuries practised by
King Henry against his consort and her friends. All the communication
that had taken place between Elizabeth Woodville and the Earl of
Lincoln had been carried on through this man, though each knew not
that he communicated to the other what either said. But Lincoln
respected his undeviating fidelity towards his patroness, and valued
his talents. It was to this man that Lady Brampton addressed herself
on her arrival at Winchester, to procure for her a private audience
with the Queen. Her dark hints respecting the insurrection of Lovel
and the Staffords excited his curiosity, yet he experienced more
difficulty than he expected in bringing the royal dowager to consent
to receive her rival. When our days of prosperity are fled we cling
fondly to all that reminds us of their brightness, and turn with
augmented distaste from every thing that marred their splendour.
Elizabeth loved to remember herself as the chosen bride of Edward, and
any circumstance that spoke of his inconstancy, or detracted from the
entireness of her influence over him, then inspired her with
indignation, now with abhorrence. It required all Simon's dexterity to
allay her anger, and excite her curiosity, sufficiently to induce her
to admit her rival to her presence.

It was at the hour of vespers that the priest introduced Lady Brampton
into the Queen's cabinet. Elizabeth was assured that she had secrets
of importance to communicate, and she designed by affability to win
her to a full disclosure of them. Yet her heart and manner grew cold
as she entered the closet where the lady and her guide already were,
and bending her head slightly, she said, "The Lady Brampton desired an
audience with me--I grant it."

With all her vivacity and consciousness of the importance of her
disclosures, the lady felt herself awed and chilled; and the memory of
Edward came across her, who had before shielded her from such
unkindness, and filled her eyes with tears. A long pause ensued; the
Queen looked as in expectation, and Richard Simon, who had retired to
an embrasure of a window, was about to come forward, when Lady
Brampton, conquering her emotion, said, "Your Grace is the happy
mother of the Queen of England, and the hope of an heir, which you now
entertain, may make my intelligence distasteful."

"Say on," replied Elizabeth haughtily; "I listen to your words."

The lady felt much inclined not to say another word, but assuming
almost equal coldness of manner, she continued, "Would your Grace
prefer that your fair daughter should still bear the sceptre, or that
Richard the Fourth should wrest it from the husband's grasp?"

Now indeed the Queen started, and cried impetuously, "I charge you,
trifle with me no longer! Explain your words; who would supplant my

"Her brother," Lady Brampton replied; and seeing the Queen lost in a
mixture of amazement and terror, she added, "The Duke of York still
lives: he is now, I trust, at the head of forces sufficient to enforce
his rights. In a few days England will acknowledge him as sovereign."

In reply to these words, spoken with rapidity, as if they were
pregnant with supreme delight to their auditress, the Queen with an
angry look, said, "I shall league with no plotters to establish an

"Beware," said Lady Brampton indignantly; "let your Majesty bethink
yourself, before you consign your son to misery and an early grave.
Will his mother be his chief enemy?"

"Who vouches for him?"

"Himself! He is the very Edward who once was yours: his young features
are but the miniature mirror of his royal father; his princely grace,
his wit, his courage, are all derived from him."

"I must see the boy," said the Queen, "to end at once this silly
masque. How do you pretend that he escaped from the Tower?"

The independence and sensibility of Lady Brampton's disposition would
not permit her to answer a question asked thus ironically. Had she
looked at the Queen, she might have seen, by her change of
countenance, that it was nearly all put on by the jealous instinct
that would not permit her to acknowledge herself under so great an
obligation to her rival. Lady Brampton turned to Simon, saying, "I am
ready to depart, Sir Priest; I see her Grace sorrows that the same
cold bed does not entomb Richard of York and Edward the Fifth. Poor
prince! My Lord of Lincoln counselled well, and I was to blame in not
acting on his advice."

"Stay," cried Elizabeth, "speak again. Is the Earl of Lincoln a party
to this tale?"

"Your Majesty insults me," said the lady; "I came here to please a
mother's ear by assurances of her child's safety, and to conduct the
tempest-tost fortunes of this ill-starred boy into the safe harbour of
maternal love. I came with a full heart and an ardent desire to serve
you; no other motive could have led me hither. You receive me with
disdain; you dismiss me with contumely. I fear that so much you hate
me, that, for my sake, your heart is steeled against your princely
son. But as you already know so much as to make it necessary that you
should know all, I will hasten to London, and intreat the noble de la
Poole to communicate with you, and to avert a mother's enmity from her
child. I take my leave."

She was about to depart; but Simon, who knew that a feud between the
prince's partizans must ruin his cause, entreated her to remain; and
then addressing the Queen, tried to sooth her, for she was pacing the
rushes of her chamber in excessive agitation. "Peace, good friend,"
said she, "I will speak to Lincoln; I will ask him why I, who was
deemed by his honoured uncle fit partaker of his councils, am kept by
him in ignorance of the alleged existence of this poor boy? Even now
he might be sitting on the throne, had I been consulted: instead of
this, to what has this distrust brought him? He is a crownless king, a
fugitive prince, branded as an impostor; a seal is put on his fate,
which nothing probably will ever remove. I, even I, have called my
son, if such he be, a counterfeit!"

Maternal tenderness touched to the quick the royal lady's heart, and
she wept. Lady Brampton was all impulse and goodness of disposition:
she felt that Elizabeth had wronged her, but in a moment she forgave
the offence: she advanced, and kneeling at her feet, touched her hand
gently, as she said, "Let not your Grace judge too harshly of our
proceedings. We poor faulty human beings, hurried hither and thither
by passion, are for ever jostling against and hurting each other,
where more perfect natures would coalesce, and thus succeed where we
fail. Forgive, forget the past: it cannot now be changed. Forgive the
Earl, who, long bound by an oath to his uncle Gloucester, could only
save your son's life by feigning his death. Forgive the humblest of
your servants, even myself, who acted under his commands, and who now,
in disobedience to them, attempts to bring the royal exile to his
mother's arms. Would that my humility could appease your displeasure,
and that you would acknowledge me your faithful follower. My life
should be at the disposal of you and the princely York."

Lady Brampton, full of vivacity, energy, and even of imperiousness,
had so much grace in her manner and sweetness in her voice, when she
laid these keen weapons aside to assume those of gentleness and love,
that she was irresistible. The Queen, at once softened, stretched out
her hand, which the lady pressed respectfully to her lips; then, as
friends bent on one design, they conversed unreservedly together. Lady
Brampton entered into long details concerning the past history of the
Duke of York, and the schemes then on foot for his advancement. This
was not their sole interview; they met again and again, and mutual
affection confirming the link which the fate of Richard caused to
exist between them, the Queen named the Lady Brampton one of her
ladies, and henceforth they lived together under the same roof.


Poor orphan! in the wide world scattered.
As budding branch rent from the native tree.

England, farewell! thou, who hast been my cradle.
Shalt never be my dungeon or my grave!

The historical account of Lord Lovel's insurrection is contained in a
few words. While the two Staffords besieged Worcester, this nobleman
advanced against Henry in York. The Duke of Bedford was sent against
him, who published a general pardon for all the rebels who should
submit. The soldiers of Lord Lovel had no powerful watch-word to
ensure their union; the existence of Edward the Fourth's son was a
profound secret; they were therefore easily induced to abandon an
almost nameless cause; and in three weeks Lord Lovel found himself
with only one hundred adherents, or rather personal friends, who at
his earnest entreaty disbanded, while he, chiefly bent on saving the
life of his princely charge, felt greater security in being left
singly with him.

He had promised to traverse England, and to conduct him to Winchester;
but the hot pursuit on foot forced him to delay this journey.
Meanwhile a present refuge was to be sought. He had a staunch friend
in a zealous Yorkist, Sir Thomas Broughton, who resided in Lancashire,
to whose residence he directed his steps. Still, even during this
short journey, great precaution was necessary. Lord Lovel and his
charge travelled disguised, avoiding high roads and great towns. On
the second evening, when the red aspect of the setting sun threatened
an inclement night, they took shelter in a lone cot on one of the wild
moors of that county.

A long habit of personal attendance had instilled into Lovel's mind a
parental affection for the little prince. They had journeyed far that
day, and Richard was overpowered by fatigue; his friend strewed for
him a bed of leaves--he stretched himself on it, and quickly fell into
a sound sleep, while the noble kept up the fire he had lighted, and
paced the hut, revolving in his mind a thousand schemes. It was a
chill February evening; and, as night came on, a thick sleet beat
against the windows, while the wind, sweeping over the wide heath,
howled round the miserable shepherd's cot. Some time passed thus, and
fear in Lovel's mind gave place to the sense of security, inspired by
the desolation of the spot and the inclemency of the elements. He
needed rest, and as soon as he had thrown himself on the ground,
drowsiness overpowered him--the wind sang a wild lullaby to both the

Though still lost to the outer world, a change passed over Lovel's
countenance--again his features relaxed into sleep, and again
expressed disquietude. The tramp of horses' feet was around the hut--
voices mingled alien sounds with the raging blast;--at last a loud
knocking at the door caused the noble at once to start on his feet
wide awake. Richard still slept on. Lord Lovel cautiously withdrew
into the shadow behind the door, listening intently to divine the
motives of these unwelcome intruders. He felt assured that they were
emissaries of Henry, who had traced him hither; he endeavoured to form
in his mind some plan of conduct to save the duke, whom he was about
to awaken and put on his guard, when a woman's voice struck upon his
ear. The knocking at the door was changed into a violent beating, the
rude hinges gave way, and it swung back. The fugitive's heart beat
quick; it was a moment full of fate; such a one, as when passed, we
seem to have concentrated a life into its small space. The man that
entered calmed his fears; low in stature, broadly built, a cloak lined
with furs added to his bulk, and a Flemish hat completed his peaceable
appearance; though he was too much muffled to shew his face. Glancing
at Lovel a look which was, doubtless, intended to convey reproach, he
muttered some words in a foreign guttural language, and went back to
his companions. Two women now entered, both enveloped in furs. One
stept lightly on, and drew the bench which had lately pillowed the
head of Lovel, closer to the fire, while the other, bending under the
burthen in her arms, approached slower, and sitting down on the seat
prepared for her, threw back her cloak, and discovered that she bore
in her arms a sleeping child, about six years of age. The first,
meanwhile, disencumbered herself of her rich furs, and then leaning
over the child, kissed its little hands, and regarded its sleeping
form with mingled anxiety and tenderness, speaking to the other in a
foreign dialect, evidently about the risk the poor babe had ran from
exposure to the weather. Lovel remained a mute spectator; he resolved
not to come forward, till he should see who their male attendants
were. After a brief interval the first intruder again entered; he
threw off his cloak, and looking round with keen eyes, the fugitive
discovered the well-known features of a friend-His heart now relieved,
his countenance lighted up, and he stept forward, saying: "Mynheer
Jahn Warbeck, God be with you! you travel on a stormy night."

"And you, Lord Lovel," replied the moneylender, angrily, "are
sufficiently discourteous to wanderers at such a season. Why even
vipers are harmless during a storm."

"But fair weather returns, and they again find their sting. I might
bare my own breast, but--" he pointed to the bed of leaves, on which,
in spite of the tumult, young Richard still slept.

Warbeck started: but before he could reply one of his companions
turned to speak to him, and a conversation ensued, begun in Dutch, and
continued in French, concerning the circumstances which had divided
them from their attendants, and their fatiguing wanderings during the
storm. A small saddle-bag was produced by Warbeck, containing a few
provisions. A bed for the sleeping child was formed, and the
travellers sat round the fire, enjoying their simple fare. From time
to time the fair blue eyes of the younger lady, who was evidently the
mistress, and the other an attendant, turned to look on the chivalric
form and manly beauty of Lovel; a few smiling observations escaped her
in her native language, which Warbeck answered drily and succinctly.
The bench on which the lady sat was soon sacrificed for firing--the
cloaks of the party were dried, and the women, wrapt in them, sought
repose on the bare ground, which was the sole flooring of the hut, the
younger drawing to her bosom the sleeping child. Lovel and Warbeck
kept silence, till the deep breathing of their companions shewed that
they slept: then, in reply to the Fleming's questions, Lovel related
the history of the last months, and at the conclusion frankly asked
his advice and assistance in accomplishing his design of conveying the
Duke of York to Winchester. Warbeck looked thoughtful on this demand,
and after a pause said "I cannot say wherefore this unfortunate prince
excites so strong an interest in me; for in truth my heart yearns
towards him as if he were akin to me. Is it because he bore for a time
my poor boy's name?"

Warbeck paused; his hard features were strongly marked by grief--"I
and my sister," he continued, "crossed the country to visit my
Peterkin, who was ill--who is lost to me now for ever."

A pause again ensued: the young soldier respected too much the
father's grief to interrupt it. At length the Fleming said, "Lord
Lovel I will--I trust I can--save Duke Richard's life. My sister is
kind-hearted; and the silence you have observed concerning the very
existence of King Edward's son, makes the task more easy. Madeline is
about to return to her own country; she was to have taken my Peterkin
with her. Let the Prince again assume that name: it shall be my care
to escort him in this character to Winchester; and at Portsmouth they
may embark, while you follow your own plans, and take refuge with the
friends you mention in these parts."

As Warbeck spoke, Lovel motioned to him to observe his sister, who,
unable to sleep, was observing them with attention. "Madeline does not
understand our English," said her brother; "but it were well that she
joined our counsels, which may continue in French. I have your leave,
my Lord, to disclose your secret to her? Fear her not: she would die
rather than injure one hair of that poor child's head."

On Warbeck's invitation, the lady rose; and he, taking her hand, led
her to the low couch of the Duke of York. Sleep and gentle dreams
spread an irradiation of beauty over him: his glowing cheek, his eyes
hardly closed, the masses of rich auburn hair that clustered on a brow
of infantine smoothness and candour, the little hand and arm, which,
thrown above his head, gave an air of helplessness to his attitude,
combined to form a picture of childish grace and sweetness, which no
woman, and that woman a mother, could look on without emotions of
tenderness. "What an angelic child," said the fair sister of Warbeck,
as she stooped to kiss his rosy cheek; "what a noble looking boy. Who
is he?"

"One proscribed," said the Cavalier, "one whom he who reigns over
England would consign to a dungeon. Were he to fall into the hands of
his enemies, they might not, indeed dare not cut him off violently;
but they would consume and crush him, by denying him all that
contributes to health and life."

"Can this sweet boy have enemies" cried the lady: "Ah! if he have, has
he not friends also to guard him from them?"

"With our lives!" he replied emphatically; "but that is a small
sacrifice and a useless one; for to preserve him we must preserve
ourselves. My life,--such acts deserve no record,--I have, and will
again and again expose for him; but the will to save him is not enough
without the power; and that power you possess, lady, to a far, far
greater extent than I."

"The will I have most certainly," said the fair one, regarding the boy
with anxious tenderness. "Command me, Sire Chevalier; my power, small
as I must believe it to be, and my will, shall unite to preserve this
sweet child."

Warbeck disclosed briefly to his sister the secret of young Richard's
birth, and detailed his plan for his safe journey to Winchester; nay,
and after that, for his crossing the sea, and continuing to personate,
in Flanders, the nephew of Madeline, if so his royal mother deemed
fitting, till the moment should arrive, when the schemes of his
partizans being crowned with success, he could be restored to his
country and his birthright. The fair Fleming joyfully assented to this
proposition, and entered cordially into the details. Lovel was profuse
of thanks: so suddenly and so easily to be relieved from his worst
fears, appeared like the special interposition of some guardian saint.
His heart overflowed with gratitude; and his glistening eyes gave
token of greater thanks than even his emphatic words. Madeline felt
all the excitement of being actively employed in a deed of
benevolence: her calm features were animated with an angelic
expression. The discussion of details, demanding the coolest prudence
and most vigilant observation long occupied them; and the lady brought
a woman's tact and keen penetration to arrange the crude designs of
her brother. All was rendered smooth; every obstacle foreseen and
obviated; every pass of danger reconnoitred and provided for. When, at
last, their plans were perfected, the lady again returned to her hard
couch to seek repose: for some time the Cavalier and the Fleming kept
watch, till they also, in such comfortless posture as they might,
stretched on the bare ground, yielded to drowsiness; and grey morning
found all the dwellers in the sheep cot sunk in profound sleep. Fear,
charity, hope, and love, might colour their dreams; but quiet slumber
possessed them all, driving care and thought from the heart and brain,
to steep both in oblivion of all ill.

When Madeline awoke in the morning, the first sight that met her eyes
was the lovely boy she had promised to protect, playing with her dark-
eyed girl, who displayed all the extacy of childish glee with her new
playmate. Madeline was a blonde Fleming, with light blue eyes and
flaxen ringlets--she was about five-and-twenty years of age; an
expression of angelic goodness animated her features, bestowing on
them an appearance of loveliness, which of themselves they did not
possess. It could hardly be guessed, that Richard's playmate was the
daughter of the fair-haired Fleming: but the husband of Warbeck's
sister was a Spaniard, and the child resembled her father in every
thing except the soft mouth and sweet smile, which was all her
mother's: her large full dark eyes, gave to her infantine face a look
of sensibility, far beyond her years. The little girl ran to her
mother when she awoke; and Madeline caressed both her and the Prince
with the greatest tenderness. They stood at the door of the cottage;
the early sun shone brightly on the hoar frost that covered the moor;
the keen air was bracing, though cold; the morning was cheerful, such
as inspires hope and animation, a lively wit to understand, and a
roused courage to meet difficulties.

Madeline turned from the glittering scene to look on her young
charge--his eyes were fixed on her face. "How beautiful and good you
look," said the boy.

"I am glad that you think me good," replied the lady smiling; "you
will have less fear in trusting yourself with me: your noble friend
has confided your Grace to my care, if, indeed, you will condescend to
live with me, and be as a son to me. I have just lost a little nephew
whom I fondly loved; will you supply his place, and take his name?"

"Fair cousin," said the Prince, caressing his kind friend as he spoke;
"I will wait on you, and serve you as no nephew ever served. What name
did your lost kinsman bear? Quickly tell me, that I may know my own,
and hereafter call myself by it."

"Perkin Warbeck," said Madeline.

"Now you mock me," cried Richard, "that has long been my name; but I
knew not that it gave me a claim to so pretty a relation."

"This courtly language," replied the lady, "betrays your Grace's
princeliness. What will our Flemish boors say, when I present the
nursling of royalty as mine? You will shame our homely breeding, Duke

"I beseech you, fair Mistress," said Lovel, who now joined them, "to
forget, even in private, such high-sounding titles. It is dangerous to
play at majesty, unaided by ten thousand armed assertors of our right.
Remember this noble child only as your loving nephew, Perkin Warbeck:
he, who well knows the misery of regal claims unallied to regal
authority, will shelter himself gladly and gratefully under the shadow
of your lowly bower."

And now, as the wintry sun rose higher, the travellers prepared for
their departure. Warbeck first left them to find and to dismiss his
domestics, who would have been aware of the deception practised in the
person of Richard. He returned in a few hours for his sister. The Duke
and Lord Lovel then separated. The intervening time had been employed
by the noble in schooling the boy as to his future behaviour, in
recounting to him his plans and hopes, and in instructing him how to
conduct himself with his mother, if indeed he saw her; for Lovel was
ignorant how Lady Brampton had succeeded at Winchester, and how far it
would be possible to bring about an interview between the Queen and
her son. At length Warbeck returned; the travellers mounted; and Lord
Lovel, watching from the cottage door, beheld with melancholy regret
the Prince depart: the long habit of intercourse, the uncertain
future, his high pretensions and his present state, had filled the
Cavalier with moody thoughts, unlike his usual sanguine anticipations
and energetic resolves. "This is womanly," at last he thought, as the
reflection that he was alone, and had perhaps seen his beloved charge
for the last time, filled his eyes with unwonted tears. "To horse! To
my friends!--There to plan, scheme, devise--and then again to the

Days and weeks past, replete with doubt and anxiety to the Queen and
her enthusiastic friend at Winchester. Each day, many, many times,
Lady Brampton visited the Cathedral to observe whether the silver
heart was suspended near the altar, which she had agreed with Lord
Lovel, should be the sign of the Duke's arrival. The part Elizabeth
Woodville had to play meanwhile was difficult and painful--she lived
in constant intercourse with the Countess of Richmond; the wishes and
thoughts of all around were occupied by the hope of an heir to the
crown, which the young Queen would soon bestow on England. The birth
of a son, it was prognosticated, would win her husband's affection,
and all idea of future disturbance, of further risings and disloyalty,
through the existence of this joint offspring of the two Roses would
be for ever at an end. While these hopes and expectations formed, it
was supposed, the most flattering and agreeable subject of
congratulation for the dowager Queen, she remained sleepless and
watchful, under the anticipation of seeing her fugitive son, the
outcast and discrowned claimant of all that was to become the
birthright of the unborn child.

At length the unwearied cares of Lady Brampton were rewarded; a small
silver heart, bearing the initials of Richard, Duke of York, was
suspended near the shrine; and as she turned to look who placed it
there, the soft voice of Madeline uttered the word of recognition
agreed upon; joy filled Lady Brampton's heart, as the brief answers to
her hurried questions assured her of Richard's safety. The same
evening she visited, in disguise, the abode of Warbeck, and embraced,
in a transport of delight, the princely boy in whose fate she
interested herself with all the fervour of her warm heart. She now
learnt the design Lord Lovel had of placing Richard in safety under
Madeline's care in Flanders, until his friends had prepared for him a
triumphant return to England. She concerted with her new friends the
best mode of introducing Richard into his mother's presence; and it
was agreed that early on the following morning, Madeline and the Duke
should seek one of the small chapels of the Cathedral of Winchester,
and that Elizabeth should there meet her son. With an overflowing
heart, Lady Brampton returned to communicate this intelligence to the
royal widow, and to pass with her the intervening hours in oft-renewed
conjectures, and anticipations concerning the Duke of York.

To modern and protestant England, a cathedral or a church may appear a
strange place for private assignations and concealed meetings. It was
otherwise in the days of our ancestors, when through similarity of
religion, our manners bore a greater resemblance than they now do to
those of foreign countries. The churches stood always open, ready to
receive the penitent, who sought the stillness of the holy asylum the
more entirely to concentrate his thoughts in prayer. As rank did not
exempt its possessors from sin nor sorrow, neither did it from acts of
penitence, nor from those visitations of anguish, when the sacred
temple was sought, as bringing the votarist into more immediate
communication with the Deity. The Queen Dowager excited therefore no
suspicion, when, with her rosary formed of the blessed wood of Lebanon
encased in gold in her hand, with Lady Brampton for her sole
attendant, she sought at five in the morning the dark aisle of the
Cathedral of Winchester, there to perform her religious duties. Two
figures already knelt near the altar of the chapel designated as the
place of meeting; Elizabeth's breath came thick; her knees bent under
her; she leaned against a buttress, while a fair-haired boy turned at
the sound. He first looked timidly on her, and then encouraged by the
smile that visited her quivering lips, he sprung forward, and kneeling
at her feet, buried his face in her dress, sobbing, while bending over
him, her own tears fell on his glossy hair. Lady Brampton and Madeline
retired up the aisle, leaving the mother and child alone.

"Look up, my Richard," cried the unfortunate widow; "look up, son of
King Edward, my noble, my out-cast boy! Thou art much grown, much
altered since last I saw thee. Thou art more like thy blessed father
than thy infancy promised." She parted his curls on his brow, and
looked on him with the very soul of maternal tenderness. "Ah! were I a
cottager," she continued, "though bereft of my husband, I should
collect my young ones round me, and forget sorrow. I should toil for
them, and they would learn to toil for me. How sweet the food my
industry procured for them, how hallowed that which their maturer
strength would bestow on me! I am the mother of princes. Vain boast! I
am childless!"

The Queen, lost in thought, scarcely heard the gentle voice of her son
who replied by expressions of endearment, nor felt his caresses; but
collecting her ideas, she called to mind how brief the interview must
be, and how she was losing many precious moments in vain exclamations
and regrets. Recovering that calm majesty which usually characterized
her, she said: "Richard, arise! our minutes are counted, and each must
be freighted with the warning and wisdom of years. Thou art young, my
son! but Lady Brampton tells me that thy understanding is even
premature; thy experience indeed must be small, but I will try to
adapt my admonitions to that experience. Should you fail to understand
me, do not on that account despise my lessons, but treasure them up
till thy increased years reveal their meaning to thee. We may never
meet again; for once separated, ten thousand swords, and twice ten
thousand dangers divide us perhaps for ever. I feel even now that it
is given to me to bless thee for the last time, and I would fain to
the last be the cause of good to thee. I have lived, ah! how long; and
suffered, methinks, beyond human suffering; let the words I now utter,
live in thy soul for ever; my soul is in them! Will not my son respect
the sacred yearnings of his mother's heart?"

Touched, penetrated by this exordium, the tearful boy promised
attention and obedience. Elizabeth sat on a low tomb, Richard knelt
before her; one kiss she imprinted on his young brow, while
endeavouring to still the beating of her heart, and to command the
trembling of her voice. She was silent for a few moments. Richard
looked up to her with mingled love and awe; wisdom seemed to beam from
her eyes, and the agitation that quivered on her lips gave solemnity
to the tone with which she addressed her young auditor.

She spoke of his early prospects, his long imprisonment, and late
fortunes. She descanted on the character of Henry Tudor, describing
him as wise and crafty, and to be feared. She dwelt on the character
of the Earl of Lincoln and other chiefs of the house of York, and
mentioned how uneasily they bore the downfal of their party. No pains,
no artifice, no risk, she said, would be spared by any one of them, to
elevate an offspring of the White Rose, and to annihilate the
pretensions and power of Lancaster. "Still a boy, unmeet for such
contest, noble blood will be shed for you, my son," she continued;
"and while you are secluded by those who love you from danger, many
lives will be spent for your sake. We shall hazard all for you; and
all may prove too little for success. We may fail, and you be thrown
upon your own guidance, your unformed judgment, and childish
indiscretion. Alas! what will then be your fate? Your kinsmen and
partizans slain--your mother broken-hearted, it may be, dead!--spies
will on every side environ you, nets will be spread to ensnare you,
daggers sharpened for your destruction. You must oppose prudence to
craft, nor, until your young hand can wield a man's weapon, dare
attempt aught against Henry's power. Never forget that you are a
King's son, yet suffer not unquiet ambition to haunt you. Sleep in
peace, my love, while others wake for you. The time may come when
victory will be granted to our arms. Then we shall meet again, not as
now, like skulking guilt, but in the open sight of day I shall present
my son to his loyal subjects. Now we part, my Richard--again you are
lost to me, save in the recollection of this last farewell."

Her own words fell like a mournful augury on her ear. With a look of
agonized affection she opened her arms, and then enclosed in their
circle the stripling form of her son. She pressed him passionately to
her heart, covering him with her kisses, while the poor boy besought
her not to weep; yet, infected by her sorrow, tears streamed from his
eyes, and his little heart swelled with insupportable emotion. It was
at once a sight of pity and of fear to behold his mother's grief.

Lady Brampton and Madeline now drew near, and this effusion of sorrow
past away. The Queen collected herself, and rising, taking Richard's
hand in hers, with dignity and grace she led him up to the fair
Fleming, saying "A widowed mother commits to your protection her
beloved child. If heaven favour our right, we may soon claim him, to
fill the exalted station to which he is heir. If disaster and death
follow our attempts, be kind to my orphan son, protect him from the
treachery of his enemies; preserve, I beseech you, his young life!"

Madeline replied in a tone that shewed how deeply she sympathized in
the Queen's sorrows, while she fervently promised never to desert her
charge. "Now depart," said Elizabeth, "leave me, Richard, while I have
yet courage to say adieu!"

Elizabeth stood watching, while the forms of the prince and his
protectress disappeared down the dark aisle. They reached the door; it
swung back on its hinges, and the sound, made as it closed again,
reverberated through the arched cathedral. The unfortunate mother did
not speak; leaning on her friend's arm she quitted the church by
another entrance. They returned to the palace in silence; and when
again they conversed, it was concerning their hopes of the future, the
schemes to be devised; nor did the aching heart of Elizabeth relieve
itself in tears and complaints, till the intelligence, received some
weeks afterwards of the safe arrival of the travellers in France, took
the most bitter sting from her fears, and allowed her again to breathe


"Such when as Archimago him did view.
  He weened well to work some uncouth wile;
Eftsoon untwisting his deceitful clew.
  He 'gan to weave a web of cunning guile."

The birth of Arthur, Prince of Wales, which took place in the month of
September of this same year, served to confirm Henry Tudor on the
throne, and almost to obliterate the memory of a second and resisting
party in the kingdom. That party indeed was overthrown, its chiefs
scattered, its hopes few. Most of the principal Yorkists had taken
refuge in the court of the Duchess of Burgundy: the Earl of Lincoln
only ventured to remain, preserving the appearance of the greatest
privacy, while his secret hours were entirely occupied by planning a
rising in the kingdom, whose success would establish his cousin
Richard Duke of York, the fugitive Perkin Warbeck, on the throne. The
chief obstacle that presented itself was the difficulty of exciting
the English to any act of rebellion against the king, without bringing
forward the young Prince as the principal actor on the scene. The
confirmed friendship between the Queen and Lady Brampton had produced
a greater degree of intercourse between the former and the Earl; but
their joint counsels had yet failed to originate a plan of action:
when chance, or rather the unforeseen results of former events,
determined their course of action, and brought to a crisis sooner than
they expected the wavering purposes of each.

Richard Simon had quitted Winchester to fulfil his duties as priest in
the town of Oxford. No man was better fitted than Simon to act a
prominent part in a state-plot. He was brave; but the priestly garb
having wrested the sword from his hand, circumstances had converted
that active courage, which might have signalized him in the field, to
a spirit of restless intrigue; to boldness in encountering
difficulties, and address in surmounting them. To form plans, to
concoct the various parts of a scheme, wedging one into the other; to
raise a whirlwind around him, and to know, or to fancy that he knew,
the direction the ravager would take, and what would be destroyed and
what saved in its course, had been from youth the atmosphere in which
he lived. Now absent from the Queen, he was yet on the alert to
further her views, and he looked forward to the exaltation of her son
to the throne as the foundation-stone of his own fortunes. In what way
could this be brought about? After infinite deliberation with himself,
Simon conceived the idea of bringing forward an impostor, who, taking
the name of Richard of York, whose survival, though unattested, was a
current belief in the kingdom, might rouse England in his cause. If
unsuccessful, the safety of the rightful prince was not endangered; if
triumphant, this counterfeit would doff his mask at once, and the real
York come forward in his place.

In the true spirit of intrigue, in which Simon was an adept, he
resolved to mature his plans and commence his operations before he
communicated them to any. He looked round for a likely actor for his
new part, and chance brought him in contact with Lambert Simnel, a
baker's son at Oxford. There was something in his fair complexion and
regular soft features that was akin to York; his figure was slight,
his untaught manners replete with innate grace; he was clever; and his
beauty having made him a sort of favourite, he had grown indolent and
assuming. His father died about this time, and he was left a penniless
orphan. Simon came forward to protect him, and cautiously to point out
the road to fortune without labour. The youth proved an apt scholar.
To hear speak of princes, crowns, and kingdoms as objects in which he
was to have an interest and a share, dazzled his young eyes. He learnt
speedily every lesson the priest taught him, and adopted so readily
the new language inculcated, that Simon became, more and more
enamoured of his scheme, and sanguine as to its results. The next care
of Simon was to confirm, in the partizans of the House of York, the
suspicion they already entertained of the existence of its noblest
scion; he dispatched anonymous letters to the chief nobles, and it
became whispered through the country, though none knew the origin of
the tale, that the surviving son of Edward the Fourth was about to
appear to claim the crown. The peaceful sighed to think that the White
and Red Roses would again be watered by the best blood of England. The
warlike and ambitious, the partizans of York, who had languished in
obscurity, walked more erect; they regarded their disused armour with
complacency, for war and tumult was then the favourite pastime of
high-born men.

It was at this period that, through the intervention of Lady Brampton,
Sir Thomas Broughton, a most zealous Yorkist and chief friend of Lord
Lovel, was introduced to the Dowager Queen's presence, then residing
in London. He came full of important intelligence. He had been roused
from his usual repose by one of Simon's anonymous letters, which
hinted at the existence of the Duke of York, and counselled a drawing
together of such forces as would be willing to support him: Lord Lovel
was with him, and at the name of Richard at once prepared for action.
He was busied in raising adherents in the south, sending Sir Thomas to
London, that he might there receive the commands of the Prince's
mother. Scarcely had he entered the metropolis, when in one of its
narrowest alleys he was accosted by Richard Simon, who had earnestly
besought him to obtain an audience for Simon himself from the Queen;
acknowledging that he was the author of the reports and commotions,
and that he had important secrets to disclose.

All this inspired the Queen with the deepest disquietude. She readily
arranged with Sir Thomas the desired interview, which, at Simon's
request, was to take place that very night, and agreed that he should
enter the palace by a private door, Lady Brampton giving him
admittance. Broughton departed, and Elizabeth, disturbed and agitated,
counted the hours impatiently which must intervene before the riddle
was explained.

Even this interval was full of wonder. A report was circulated, which
soon reached the palace, that the Earl of Warwick, in endeavouring to
escape from the Tower in a boat, had fallen into the river, and was
drowned before assistance could be afforded. Such was the current
tale; but many suspected that the King was privy to a more guilty
termination of his unhappy prisoner, of whose death none entertained a
doubt. This circumstance added to the Queen's impatience--Life was
bound up in the event of the next few hours.

The time arrived--all was quiet in the palace (the Queen inhabited
Tower Royal); and the royal dowager and her friend prepared for their
visitor. At the signal given the door was opened; but Simon came not
alone; the Earl of Lincoln, Lord Lovel, Sir Thomas Broughton, and an
unknown youth, it was Edmund Plantagenet, entered. The tale of the
imposture of Lambert Simnel was disclosed, and with it a change of
plan, the result of the death of Warwick. Simnel's age and appearance
accorded better with this prince than with his younger cousin; it were
easy to spread abroad that the report of his death was a fiction
contrived by the king; that he had escaped in fact, and was in arms.
If a more sinister fate had befallen him, guilt would impose silence
on his murderer; if the attempt failed, no evil would occur; if
successful, he would give instant place to the superior claims of the
Duke of York.

Lincoln unfolded these schemes with sagacity and deliberation, and the
Queen eagerly adopted his ideas as he disclosed them. It was also the
Earl's suggestion that Simnel should first appear in Ireland. The Duke
of Clarence had been Lieutenant there, and was much beloved throughout
the island: through neglect and forgetfulness all the counsellors and
officers appointed by Clarence had been unremoved by the new
government, and might easily be induced to favour his persecuted son.
The Duchess of Burgundy was also to be applied to, and counsel was
held as to who should be informed of the truth, who deceived in this
hazardous attempt; night wore away, while still the conspirators were
in deliberation; they separated at last, each full of hope, each
teeming with gallant resolution. Henceforth the false smile or ill-
concealed frown of their enemy was indifferent to them; their good
swords were their sure allies; the very victory gained by Henry at
Bosworth raised their expectations; one other battle might give them
again all that then they lost.


Within these ten days take a monastery;
A most strict house; a house where none may whisper.
Where no more light is known but what may make you
Believe there is a day; where no hope dwells.
Nor comfort but in tears.

With the consciousness of this plot weighing on her mind, Elizabeth
Woodville continued her usual routine of life, and made a part of the
Court of Henry the Seventh. She had long been accustomed to pass from
one evil to the other, and to find that when one cause for unhappiness
died away, it gave instant place to another. She felt, with all the
poignancy of a mother's disappointed pride, the situation of her
daughter. Neglect was the lightest term that could be applied to the
systematized and cold-hearted tyranny of Henry towards his wife. For
not only he treated her like an unfavoured child, whose duty it was to
obey without a murmur, and to endeavour to please, though sure of
being repulsed. At the same time that he refused to raise her above
this state of degradation, he reproached her with the faults of
maturity, and stung her womanly feelings with studied barbarity. He
taunted her with her attachment to her family and its partizans; spoke
with triumph of its overthrow; and detailed with malignant pleasure
every severe enactment passed by himself against the vanquished
Yorkists. Then, again, he accused her of participating in her parent's
intrigues, and though proud of the son she had given him, as the heir
of his crown, he divided, as much as possible, the infant from the
mother, under the avowed, though ridiculous pretence, of preventing
her from inculcating principles of rebellion towards his liege and

This last blow sunk deep. She had hitherto borne his harshness meekly,
sustained by the hope of overcoming his flinty nature by softness and
yielding. She had anticipated that the fresh enmity conceived against
her on the event of Lord Lovel's rebellion, would be entirely allayed
by her pretty Arthur, whose birth was solemnized by many rejoicings.
But when she found this last hope fail, every expectation of good died
away with it. Among other acts of duty, she had for a long time
pursued a system of self-denial, deeming it a breach of duty to
complain of her husband, even to her mother. But this mother,
acquainted with the secrets of the human heart, and desirous of
detaching her entirely from her husband, exerted all the influence
that one experienced and firm can exercise over the young and
vacillating; she brought her to lament her situation, and to complain
of each fresh token of the King's disregard. The barrier of self-
restraint once broken through, the sympathy and remonstrances of her
parent emboldened her to such a change of conduct towards Henry, as at
first excited his surprise, then his contempt. The many rumours afloat
concerning the existence of the Duke of York served also to rouse his
angry mood: if at first he appeared somewhat complaisant towards his
mother-in-law, it was from an endeavour to put her off her guard, and
to attract or surprise her confidence on the point which lay nearest
his heart; but, when he found that his attacks were vain, his
undisguised arrogance and her ill-concealed resentment produced
scenes, disgraceful in themselves, and agonizing to the wife and
daughter who was their witness.

At this moment, when suspicion was abroad, the Lancastrians fearful,
the Yorkists erect with renewed hopes, like the bursting of a
thunderstorm came the intelligence of the appearance of the Earl of
Warwick in Dublin, his enthusiastic reception there, the rising of the
people in his favour, and the menaces held out by him of his intention
to wrench the sceptre of England from the hand of him who held it.

Henry alone heard these momentous tidings with contempt. The Earl of
Kildare, Lord Lieutenant of the kingdom, had received the pretender
with princely honours; yet the very circumstance of a false son of
Clarence being supported by the Yorkists was the occasion of
satisfaction to him; his only fear arose from the probable mystery
covered by these designs. He was angry at the disloyalty manifested,
but it was in a distant province, and so came not home to him. There
appeared no falling off, no disturbance among his English subjects.
Still caution and policy were the weapons he best loved to wield, and
he dispatched several spies to Ireland, to endeavour to fathom the
extent and nature of the rebellion. The chief among them was his own
secretary, Frion, a Frenchman, a crafty and experienced implement. He
succeeded in bringing back irrefragable proof that the Dowager Queen
mingled deeply in the plot.

Henry hated Elizabeth Woodville. He considered that it was principally
through her restless scheming, that he had been forced to marry the
portionless (her detested claim to his crown her only dower) daughter
of York, instead of forming an union with a foreign princess; perhaps
Mary of Burgundy, or Anne of Britanny, either of whom would have
brought gold to his coffers, or extensive domains to his empire. He
hated her, because he deeply suspected that she was privy to the
existence of a formidable rival to his state. He knew that the young
Duke of York had not died in the Tower. In every way she was his
enemy; besides that linked to her ruin, was the sweet idea of
confiscation, one ever entertained with delight by the money-loving

He assembled a council in his palace at Shene, which stood near where
Richmond now stands. The chiefs of the English nobility were his
counsellors. The Duke of Buckingham, son of him who first favoured,
and then rose against Richard the Third. The lords Dawbeny and Broke,
who had been raised to the peerage for their services in the same
cause. Lord and Sir William Stanley, men to whom Henry principally
owed his crown. Others there were of high rank and note; but the king
paid most attention to two priests: John Morton, Bishop of Ely, and
Richard Fox, Bishop of Exeter, were his private advisers aad friends,
as well as public counsellors. Morton had watched over his interests
while in exile; he first had excited the Duke of Buckingham to revolt,
and hatched the plot which placed Richmond on the throne.

The council held was long and solemn, and the results, brought about
more by insinuation than open argument, were different from those
expected by most of the persons present. First it was resolved that a
general pardon should be proclaimed to the insurgents. No exceptions
were to be made; those persons then in the very act of setting up his
adversary were included; for as, by the second decree, that the real
Earl of Warwick should be shown publicly in London, the deception
would become manifest; if indeed they were deceived, it was thought
more politic to reclaim them by clemency, than by severe measures to
drive them to despair.

The third and last enactment was levelled against the Queen Dowager.
Many of the council were astonished to hear it proposed, that she
should forfeit all her goods and lands, and be confined for life in a
convent, for having consented to the marriage of her daughter and
Richard the Third, while the ready acquiescence of the King and his
chief advisers made them perceive that this measure was no new
resolve. These three decrees past, the council separated, and Henry
returned to Westminster, accompanied by Sir William Stanley. To him he
spoke openly of the treason of the Queen: he even ventured to say,
that he was sure that some mystery lurked beneath; he commissioned
Stanley, therefore, to notify the order of council to her Majesty; but
at the same time to shew her, that disclosure, and reliance on the
King, would obtain her pardon. Sir William Stanley was a courtier in
the best sense of the term; a man of gentle manners; desirous of doing
right, easily excited to compassion, but ambitious and timid; one in
truth than whom none could be more dangerous; for his desire to please
those immediately before him, led him to assume every appearance of
sincerity, and perpetually to sacrifice the absent to the present.

Elizabeth heard, with utter dismay, the sentence passed against her;
courage was restored only when she found that her freedom could be
purchased, by the confession of her son's existence, and place of
abode. She repelled Stanley's solicitations with disdain; answered his
entreaties with an appeal to his own feelings, of how far, if such a
secret existed, it were possible that she, a mother, should entrust it
to the false and cruel king. Stanley speedily found his whole battery
of persuasion exhausted; he withdrew in some wonder as to what the
real state of things might be, and full of the deepest compassion. She
had indeed scarcely veiled the truth to him; for, calling to mind the
fate of the wretched Margaret of Anjou, she asked him, whether, like
her, she should expose the young orphan York to the fate of the
Lancastrian Prince Edward. But Stanley shrunk from being privy to such
disclosures, and hastily withdrew.

Henry had no exhausted all his hopes: glad as he was to wreak his
vengeance on the Queen, and to secure her possessions to himself, he
was not so blind as not to see that the knowledge of her secret were a
far greater prize. His next implement was her eldest son, the Marquess
of Dorset. Lord Dorset had been so active in his opposition to Richard
the Third, and had done such good service to his adversary, that Henry
overlooked his near kindred to the Queen Dowager, regarding him
rather, as the representative of his father, Sir John Gray, who had
fallen in the cause of Lancaster. He became indeed a sort of favourite
with the King. Dorset was proud, self-sufficient, and extravagant, but
his manners were fascinating, his spirit buoyant, and Henry, who was
accustomed to find the storms of party lowering like winter over his
domestic circle, found relief only when Dorset was present. The
present occasion, however, called forth other feelings in the haughty
noble; he might be angry with his mother's plotting, but he was more
indignant at the severity exercised against her; and far from
furthering Henry's designs, he applauded her resistance, and so
irritated the King, that it ended by his sudden arrest, and being
committed to the Tower.

And now all hope was at an end for the unhappy lady. The various acts
of her tragic history were to close in the obscurity and poverty of a
convent-prison. Fearful that her despair would lead her to some deed
that might at least disturb the quiet and order he loved, Henry had
resolved that no delay should have place, but that on the very morrow
she should be conveyed to Bermondsey. She was to be torn from her
family--her five young daughters with whom she resided. The heartless
tyrant was callous to every pang that he inflicted, or rejoiced that
he had the power to wound so deeply one whom he abhorred. Lady
Brampton was with her to the last; not to sustain and comfort her; the
Queen's courage and firmness was far greater than that of her angry
friend: she pointed out the hope, that the cruelties exercised towards
her might animate the partizans of York to greater ardour; and tears
forced themselves into her eyes only, when she pictured Richard, her
victorious sovereign and son, hastening to unbar her prison doors to
restore her to liberty and rank. The night was spent in such
discourses between the ladies. With early dawn came the fated hour,
the guard, the necessity for instant departure. She disdained to shew
regret before Henry's emissaries; and with one word only to her
friend--"I commit him to your guidance," she yielded to her fate;
submitting to be torn from all she loved, and, without an expressed
murmur, entered the litter that bore her singly to her living grave.

The same sun that rose upon the melancholy progress of Elizabeth
Woodville towards Bermondsey, shone on a procession, more gaudy in
appearance, yet, if that were possible, more sad at heart. This was
the visit, ordered by the King, of the Earl of Warwick to St. Paul's
Gathedral; thus to contradict to the eyes of all men the pretender in
Ireland. Warwick had spent a year in the Tower, in almost solitary
imprisonment. Hopeless of freedom, worn in health, dejected from the
overthrow of all the wild schemes he had nourished at Sheriff Hutton,
linked with the love he bore his cousin, the Lady Elizabeth, now Queen
of England, he could hardly be recognised as the same youth who had
been her companion during her residence there. He was pale; he had
been wholly neglectful of his person; carking sorrow had traced lines
on his young brow. At first he had contemplated resisting the order of
being led out as a show to further his enemies' cause: one futile and
vague hope, which could only have sprung up in a lover's heart, made
him concede this point. Perhaps the Court--the Queen would be there.

He met several noble friends, commanded by Henry to attend him; for it
was the King's policy to surround him with Yorkists, so to prove that
he was no counterfeit. Alas!

"These cloudy princes, and heart-sorrowing peers.
assembled like shadows in the dim abyss, mourning the splendour of the
day for ever set. They entered the cathedral, which stood a heavy
gothic pile, on a grassy mound, removed from all minor edifices. There
was a vast assemblage of ladies and knights; all looked
compassionately on this son of poor murdered Clarence, the luckless
flower, brought to bloom for an hour, and then to be cast into
perpetual darkness. The solemn religious rites, the pealing organ, the
grandeur of the church, and chequered painted light thrown from the
windows, for a moment filled with almost childish delight the Earl's
young heart; that this scene, adapted to his rank, should be so single
and so transient, filled his soul with bitterness. Once or twice he
thought to appeal to his noble friends, to call on them to resist the
tyrant--Elizabeth's husband. His heart chilled at the idea; his
natural timidity re-assumed its sway, and he was led back to the
prison-fortress, despairing, but unresisting.

Yet, at this hour, events were in progress which filled many hearts
with hope of such change as he would gladly hail. On the news of the
Queen's arrest, Lord Lincoln had departed with all speed to Flanders,
to his aunt, the Duchess of Burgundy, to solicit her aid to attack and
overcome the enemy of their vanquished family. The Lady Margaret,
sister of Edward the Fourth of England, and wife of Charles the Rash
of Burgundy, was a woman distinguished by her wisdom and her goodness.
When Charles fell before Nancy, and his more than princely domains
descended into the hands of his only child, a daughter--and the false
Louis the Eleventh of France, on one hand, and the turbulent Flemings
on the other, coalesced to rend in pieces, and to prey upon, the
orphan's inheritance--her mother-in-law, the Lady Margaret, was her
sage and intrepid counsellor; and when this young lady died, leaving
two infant children as co-heirs, the Dowager Duchess entirely loved,
and tenderly brought them up, attending to their affairs with maternal
solicitude, and governing the countries subject to them with wisdom
and justice. This lady was warmly attached to her family: to her the
Earl of Lincoln and Lord Lovel resorted, revealing the state of
things--how her nephew, young Richard, was concealed in poor disguise
in French Flanders, and how they had consented to Richard Simon's
plots, and hoped that their result would be to restore her brother's
son to the throne of their native land.

The Duchess of Burgundy possessed a proud and high spirit. The
abasement in which her niece, the lady Elizabeth, was held by the Earl
of Richmond; she, the real giver of his crown, not having herself been
crowned; the rigour exercised towards the Yorkist chiefs, many of whom
had been her defenders and friends in time of flight and defeat; the
calumnies heaped on the various members of her royal house; made a
prospect of displanting Henry, and of revenge, grateful to her. She
acceded to the Earl's request, gave him an aid of two thousand
Germans, led by Martin Swartz, a man of family and note in Germany,
providing them with vessels to take them to Ireland, and blessing
their expedition with her best and earnest wishes.

On their arrival in Dublin a gay and brilliant scene was acted, which
raised the enthusiasm of the Irish, and spread a glory round the
impostor they supported. The exhibition of the real Earl of Warwick
had produced no effect in Ireland; Thomas Geraldine, Earl of Kildare,
asserted that Henry had brought forward a counterfeit, and Lambert
Simnel lost no credit among them. He was proclaimed King of England;
he was crowned by the bishop of Meath with a diadem taken from an
image of the Blessed Virgin; a parliament was convoked in his name,
and every measure taken to ensure his power in Ireland, and to gather
together forces wherewith to invade the sister island.

The English lords felt far more anxiety than their allies in the
result of this insurrection. Although it had been disregarded by the
Irish, the effect produced in England by the visit of Warwick to St.
Paul's was such as Henry had anticipated, and the counterfeit in
Ireland found few supporters among the Yorkists. Still it was
necessary to end as they had begun; to acknowledge the imposture, so
to bring forward the young son of Edward, would have been to all
appearance too barefaced a cheat. Lovel, as a ga ant soldier, was
ready to spend his blood in any enterprize that promised to advance
the White Rose; but he, as well as the Earl of Lincoln, mingling sad
memories of the past with careful forethought, looked forward to the
result of Richard Simon's contrivance with well-founded dread. Still
they entertained no thought of retreat, but mustered their forces, and
counselled with their associates for the furtherance of the cause. On
the 4th of June, Lambert Simnel, under the name of Edward the Sixth,
with his, so called, cousin, De la Poole, Lord Lovel, and their
constant attendant young Edmund Plantagenet, the Lords Thomas and
Maurice Geraldine, with their force of savage scarce-armed Irish, and
Martin Swartz with his German auxiliaries, landed at the pile of
Foudray in Lancashire, where they were soon after joined by Sir Thomas
Broughton, who brought some few English to fight and die for this
unhappy conspiracy.

Henry was prepared for their arrival: to gain grace in his subjects'
eyes, he first made a pilgrimage to Our Lady of Walsingham, and then,
proceeding to the midland counties, held council to know whether it
were best to encounter his foes out of hand, or to let them drag on;
so to weary them by delay. A number of nobles and their followers
joined the King, and it was agreed among them to press forward, before
the enemy should gather force in England. Henry had a further view in
this: he could not tell how far the secret of their plot, which he
felt assured was the design to advance the young son of Edward, was
divulged among the Yorkists, and how far believed; as yet the
enterprize bore no ill guise for him, having at its head a manifest
impostor; so he hastened onward to crush it utterly, before it assumed
a more fearful form. The Earl of Lincoln, eager to try the fortune of
battle, advanced also on his side, and the rival armies drew nigh each
other at Newark-upon-Trent. The King pitched his tents three miles
beyond the town; and on the same night the Earl encamped at Stoke, but
a few miles distant. And now, after a reign of two years, as he had
forced King Richard to fight for his crown against him, an adventurer
and an invader in his realm, did Henry Tudor find himself in his
adversary's position, about to risk life and kingdom on one cast of
the die against troops as ill-assorted but as desperate and brave as
his had been. Henry felt in his heart's core the thrilling pang, which
a conviction that all is in the hands of fortune must ever impart to a
human being who is her slave. He felt that his crown was but an
usurpation, that his anointed and sacred head claimed no reverence
from these enemies; he was degraded in his own eyes from being a
sceptred king upheld by the laws, to a wild adventurer, his good sword
his right; a fierce but disciplined anger filled his heart; his brows
were bent, his voice was attuned to harshness, his thoughts were
conversant with overthrow and death. The hour was come; he was
impatient for its passing, and he led forth his troops, all well-
appointed English soldiery, in such hope as the sight of a noble army
might well inspire, in such dread as was the natural offspring of the
many chances and changes that had occurred to the sovereigns of
England during the late struggles.

The Earl of Lincoln cherished still mightier fears: yet there was more
of calm and dignity in his meditations than in the impatient
misgivings of Henry. His heart sickened at the idea of battle and
bloodshed; he felt himself responsible for the lives of all; and,
while this nerved his heart to courage, it took rest from his eyes,
and planted sorrow deep in his manly breast. The morrow! oh, the
morrow! hours full of fate! whoso looks forward and sees in the morrow
the crown or ruin of the hopes of many, may well pray the swift-pacing
hours to lag, and night to remain for ever as a spell to stop the
birth of time.

But the morrow came; a day of slaughter and captivity for the Yorkist
party. The battle was hard fought: the German auxiliaries were veteran
soldiers, who spared neither blows nor blood; their leader, Martin
Swartz, for valour, for strength, and for agility of body, was
inferior to none among the warlike captains of those times. The Irish,
though half naked and ill-armed, fought with desperate bravery. In
vain: the valour of Henry's soldiers was equal, their discipline and
numbers superior. First the noble Lincoln fell, and his comrades were
slaughtered around him avenging his death. The Lords Geraldine,
Swartz, and Sir Thomas Broughton were found among the slain; Lord
Lovel was never heard of more; the young Edmund Plantagenet, struck in
the side by a dart, lay for dead upon the ground. Richard Simon and
his false-seeming pupil were among the prisoners.

Such was the event of the last attempt of the Yorkists to raise the
bruised White Rose to its old supremacy. All of high rank and power
that owned this symbol were gone; Lincoln, the best column of its
fortunes, was destroyed; nothing remained, save the orphan Prince, the
royal exile, a boy of thirteen years of age, brought up as the child
of a Flemish money-lender. To hide himself in safe obscurity was his
only wisdom, till time should give strength to his arm, sagacity to
his plans, and power to his acts; happy if he could find any
concealment sufficiently obscure, to baffle the discernment of Henry,
and to save him from the arts of those whom he would employ to
discover and seize on him.

Henry again felt himself secure on his throne: he deeply lamented the
death of Lincoln, as he had hoped to learn from him the secret of the
conspiracy. He found in Lambert Simnel the mere tool of others, and in
contempt made him a scullion in his kitchen, so to throw derision on
the attempt which had been made to exalt him. He dealt otherwise with
Richard Simon. In the secrecy of his prison every art was practised to
induce him to make a full confession. Simon played a dastardly and a
double part, half revealing, half disguising the truth. Henry became
assured that his rival, the Duke of York survived, and he was led in
some sort to guess at the place of his abode. He had promised liberty
to Simon when the young Prince should be in his hands; meanwhile he
was imprisoned in the monastery in which he was fated to close his


Our king he kept a false stewarde.
  Sir Aldingar they him call;
A falser stewarde than he was one.
  Servde not in bower nor hall.

Whoever writes concerning the actions of the men of the olden time,
must sadden the reader by details of war, descriptions of fields of
battle, narrations of torture, imprisonment, and death. But here also
we find records of high virtues and exalted deeds. It is at first
sight strange, that men, whose trade was murder, who habitually wore
offensive weapons, whose chief happiness was derived from the glory
they acquired by inflicting misery on others, should be among those
who live in our memories as examples of what is most graceful and
excellent in human nature. Too great security destroys the spirit of
manhood, while the habit of hazardous enterprize strengthens and
exalts it: it was not because they destroyed others that the warriors
of old were famous for honour, courage, and fidelity; but because,
from some motive springing from the unselfish part of our nature, they
exposed themselves to danger and to death.

It was at times such as these that friendship formed the chief solace
of man's life. The thought of his lady-love supported the knight
during his wanderings, and rewarded him on his return, but the society
of his brothers-in-arms shortened the weary hours, and made peril
pleasure. Death, the severer of hearts and destroyer of hope, is in
its actual visitation the great evil of life--the ineffaceable blot,
the tarnisher of the imagination's brightest hues--but if he never
came, but only hovered, the anticipation of his advent might be looked
upon as the refiner of our nature. To go out under the shadow of his
dark banner; hand in hand, to encounter a thousand times his grim
likeness; to travel on through unknown ways, during starless nights,
through forests beset with enemies; over mountains, whose defiles hid
him but to assure his aim; to meet him arrayed in his full panoply on
the field of battle; to separate in danger; to meet on the verge of
annihilation; and still through every change to reap joy, because
every peril was mutual, every emotion shared, was a school for heroic
friendship that does not now exist. In those times also man was closer
linked with nature than now; and the sublimity of her creations
exalted his imagination, and elevated his enthusiasm--dark woods, wild
mountains, and the ocean's vast expanse, form a stage on which, when
we act our parts, we feel that mightier natures than our own witness
the scenes we present, and our hearts are subdued by awe to

Edmund Plantagenet, the forest-bred son of Richard the Third, the late
companion of the illustrious Lincoln and gallant Lovel, lay long
insensible on the field of battle, surrounded by the dead--he awoke
from his swoon to the consciousness that they lay strewed around him
dead, whom he had worshipped as heroes, loved as friends. Life became
a thankless boon; willingly would he have closed his eyes, and bid his
soul also go on her journey to the unknown land, to which almost all
those to whom he had been linked during his past existence had
preceded him. He was rescued by a charitable friar from this sad
state--his wound was dressed--life, and with it liberty, restored to
him. After some reflection, the first use he resolved to make of these
gifts was to visit the young Duke of York at Tournay.

Edmund's mind, without being enterprizing, was full of latent energy,
and contemplative enthusiasm. The love of virtue reigned paramount in
it; nor could he conceive happiness unallied to some pursuit, whose
origin was duty, whose aim was the good of others. His father--his
ambition and his downfall--were perpetual subjects for reflection; to
atone for the first and redeem the last in the person of his nephew,
became, in his idea, the only fitting end of his life. Fostering this
sentiment, he speedily formed the determination of attaching himself
to the exiled Duke of York: first, to devote himself to the preserving
and educating him during childhood--and secondly, to fight and die
for him when the time was ripe to assert his rights.

During his hazardous journey to Flanders, Edmund was supported by that
glowing sensation which borrows the hues and sometimes the name of
happiness: it was an extatic mood that soared above the meaner cares
of life, and exalted him by the grandeur of his own ideas. Self-
devotion is, while it can keep true to itself, the best source of
human enjoyment: there is small alloy when we wholly banish our own
wretched clinging individuality, in our entire sacrifice at the
worshipped shrine. Edmund became aware of the value of his own life,
as he planned how in future he should be the guardian and protector of
his unfriended, peril-encircled, orphan cousin. A religious sentiment
of filial love also influenced him; for thus he could in some sort
repair the wrongs committed by his father. There was much in Edmund's
temperament that might have rendered him a mere dreamer. The baser
ends of common men possessed no attractions for him; but a lofty
purpose developed the best points of his character.

It was early dawn, when, a month after the battle of Stoke,
Plantagenet, in pursuance of his design, arrived at the cottage of
Madeline de Faro, where, under the lowly name of Perkin Warbeck, dwelt
the noble scion of the House of York. It was a lovely spot--trees
embowered the cot, roses bloomed in the garden, and jessamine and
woodbine were twined round the porch. The morning breeze and rising
sun filled the atmosphere with sweets. Already the cottagers were
enjoying its fragrance, and Edmund, as he alighted, beheld the object
of his journey--the fair-haired stripling Prince and his protectress
Madeline. Edmund was one-and-twenty, but his brow was more bent, his
eye more thoughtful, his cheek more pale and sunk than befitted his
age; it was only when he smiled that frankness displaced solemnity,
and those who conversed with him were ever eager to call forth those
smiles, which, like sunbeams that chase the shadows on a green hill-
side, made darkness light. Confidence readily springs up between the
open-hearted and good; and Edmund and the inhabitants of the cottage
found no impediment to entire reliance on each other. Madeline was
overjoyed that her young charge should find manly guardianship in his
cousin, and mentioned how often her fears had been awakened on his
account, and how suspicions had got abroad concerning him among the
citizens of Tournay.

Madeline, the sister of the Fleming, John Warbeck, was married to a
Spaniard in the service of Portugal. In those days, just previous to
the discovery of America by Columbus, while that illustrious man was
offering his unesteemed services at Lisbon, the Portuguese were full
of the spirit of enterprize and maritime adventure. Each year new
vessels were sent southward along the unexplored shores of Africa, to
discover beyond the torrid zone a route to India. Hernan de Faro was a
mariner--it was during one of his voyages to Holland that he had seen
and married Madeline, and he left her in her native country, while he
pursued his fortunes down the Golden Coast as far as the Cape of Good
Hope. He had been absent longer than she had anticipated, and each day
might bring the wanderer back, when he purposed taking her with him to
his native Spain. What, then, must become of Richard? Plantagenet saw
at once the necessity of visiting the court of Burgundy, and of
placing her nephew at the disposition of the Duchess Margaret.

The young prince was now fourteen--he had shot up in height beyond his
years, beautiful in his boyhood, and of greater promise for the
future. His clear blue laughing eyes--his clustering auburn hair--his
cheeks, whose rosy hue contrasted with the milk-white of his brow--his
tall and slender but agile person, would have introduced him to notice
among a crowd of strangers. His very youthful voice was attuned to
sweetness. If Edmund found the Lady Margaret lukewarm, he need only
lead the noble boy into her presence to interest her in his favour.
Richard heard with tearful eyes of the imprisonment of his mother, and
the slaughter of his kinsmen and friends. His heart for the moment
desired vengeance; he would himself seek his aunt of Burgundy, and
aided by her attack the usurper. With difficulty he permitted his
cousin to depart alone; but he was obliged to yield, and Plantagenet
set out for Brussels, promising a speedy return.

About a week after Edmund's departure, another visitor arrived at the
cottage of the exile. A violent storm had overtaken Duke Richard and
his constant companion, Madeline's daughter, in one of their
wanderings in the fields near Tournay. As they stood for shelter under
a half-ruined building, a traveller came to share the asylum. He was a
Frenchman--a Provenal by his accent--for he immediately entered into
conversation with them. As he is a man spoken of in the Chronicles, he
shall receive his name at once: this apparently chance-traveller was
Frion, Stephen Frion, King Henry's secretary. He had been employed to
search out the young prince by such tokens as Richard Simon had given,
and chance had caused him to fall in with Edmund, whom he had before
remarked in attendance on the Earl of Lincoln. Easily guessing that
Edmund's journey might have connection with his own, he tracked him to
Tournay, and then by some untoward chance lost sight of him. The
indefatigable spy had spent the last week in a particular survey of
every spot round the town and in the neighbouring cities, to discover
his lost clue. Overtaken by a storm on his return from Lisle, he
suddenly found himself under a shed with a youth whose appearance at
once excited his strongest curiosity.

What Frion loved beyond all other things was power and craft. He had
been a subject of the poetical King Ren of Provence; but, dispatched
on some occasion to Louis the Eleventh, he entered into the service of
that monarch, whose subtlety and faithlessness were a school of wisdom
to this man. On one subject did he love to dwell--the contrast between
Charles of Burgundy and Louis of France; the first commencing his
reign by combating and vanquishing the latter, and dying miserably at
last by a traitor's hand, his armies cut to pieces, his domains the
unresisting prey of his rival; while Louis, by serpent ways, by
words--not deeds--gained every point, won every follower, and
established his rule at last over the greater part of the wide
territories of the fallen duke. In a minor way Frion aimed at
imitating Louis, but he was naturally more fiery and rash. He had
visited Italy also, and studied there the wiles and cruelties of the
Italian lords; crossing back to Marseilles, he had been seized by
corsairs and carried to Africa:--here he put in practice some of his
lessons, and contrived to make himself a favorite with his Mahometan
master, who afterwards crossed to Spain to serve under the Moorish
king of Grenada. Frion was quickly distinguished for his sagacity in
the divided counsels of this distracted kingdom, and became the trusty
adviser of him called Boabdil El Chico. When this unfortunate
sovereign was taken prisoner by the Spaniards, Frion was a chief
mediator between them and the Sultana Ayza. At the court of Ferdinand
and Isabella he met several Frenchmen, who awakened in his heart a
keen desire to revisit his native country. He took advantage of an
embassy thither from the court of Spain, to fulfil his wishes, but
arrived at Plessis only in time to witness Louis's death. Two years
afterwards he was found in the train of the Earl of Richmond--the
future secretary, spy, and favourite of Henry the Seventh--now
travelling by his order to find, seize, or destroy, the last blossom
of the uprooted White Rose.

Frion was rather handsome in appearance, with bright black eyes and
dark hair, a complexion embrowned by the sun, a look of gaiety--unless
when controled by the will of a superior, he was always laughing--a
quiet kind of sarcastic laugh; he looked not the man Csar would have
feared, except that his person was rather inclined to leanness, but he
was active and well versed in martial exercises, though better in
clerkly accomplishments. His early youth had been chiefly employed in
copying poetry for King Ren--he wrote beautifully, and his small
white hands were the objects of his own very great admiration. Such
was his outward look; he had stores of science and knowledge within,
which he seldom displayed, or, when necessary, let appear with all the
modesty of one who deemed such acquirements were of little worth--
useful sometimes, but fitter for a servitor than his lord. No words
could describe his wiliness, his power of being all things to all men,
his flattery, his knowledge of human nature, his unparalleled
artifice, which, if it could be described, would not have been the
perfect thing it was: it was not silken, it was not glossy, but it
wound its way unerringly. Could it fail--the rage and vengeance to
follow were as certain as dire, for, next to love of power, vanity
ruled this man; all he did was right and good, other pursuits
contemptible and useless.

Such was the serpent-spirited man who contrived to partake Richard's
shelter; he eyed him keenly, he addressed him, and the Prince replied
to his questions about an asylum for the night, by a courteous
invitation to his home. "The boy speaks not like a cotter: his eye
beams with nobleness. What a freak of nature, to make one in
appearance a king's son, the plodding offspring of a rude Fleming!" As
these thoughts passed through Frion's mind, the truth came not across
him; and he even hesitated for a moment whether he should not, now the
storm had passed, pursue his way: but his garments were wet, the ways
miry, night at hand. At a second thought he accepted the invitation,
and leading his horse, he accompanied the youthful pair to their
cottage home.

Madeline, unsuspicious of one obviously a Frenchman, received him
without fear, and after a fire had dried the visitor's dress, they sat
down to a frugal supper. Frion, according to his usual manner, strove
to please his hosts. His gay discourse, the laughable yet interesting
accounts he gave of various adventures that had befallen him, made all
three--the fair Madeline, the ardent princely boy, and the dark-eyed
daughter of de Faro--sit in chained attention. When he heard that
Madeline was united to a Spaniard, he spoke of Spain, of Granada and
the Moorish wars; Richard's eyes flashed, and the dark orbs of the
girl dilated with wonder and delight.

At length he spoke of England, and his words implied that he had
lately come thence. "How fares the poor island?" asked the youth;
"such stories of its tyrant reach us here, that methinks its fields
must be barren, its people few."

"Had you been my comrade, young master, through merry Kent," said
Frion, "you would speak in another strain. Plenty and comfort, thanks
to King Harry and the Red Rose, flourish there. The earth is rich in
corn, the green fields peopled with fat kine, such as delight yon
islanders. 'Give an Englishman beef and mustard,' says our French
proverb, 'and he is happy:' they will find dearth of neither, while
the sage Henry lives, and is victorious."

"Yet we are told here," cried the youth, "that this Welch Earl, whom
you call King, grinds the poor people he has vanquished to the dust,
making them lament him they named Crook-back, who, though an usurper,
was a munificent sovereign."

These words from a Fleming or a Frenchman sounded strange to Frion;
the doubt, which he wondered had not before presented itself, now came
full-fledged, and changed at its birth to certainty; yet, as the
angler plays with the hooked fish, he replied, "I, a stranger in the
land, saw its fair broad fields, and thought their cultivators
prosperous; I heard that the king was victorious over his foes, and
deemed his subjects happy. Yet, I bethink me, murmurs were abroad, of
taxes and impositions. They spoke, with regret, of the White Rose, and
scowled when they said that Elizabeth of York was rather a hand-maiden
in her husband's palace, than Queen of fertile England."

"Now, were I an English knight, with golden spurs," said the
stripling, "I would challenge to mortal combat that recreant Tudor,
and force him to raise fair Elizabeth to her fitting elevation: woe
the while, all Engliand's good kinghts are slain, and the noble
Lincoln, the last and best of all, has perished!"

"You speak unwisely and unknowingly of things you wot not of," said
Madeline, alarmed at the meaning glance of Frion; "good nephew,
Perkin, your eyes see not even the English white cliffs, much less can
your mind understand its dangerous policy."

"Nay, dear mother," remarked her little daughter, "you have told me
that the noble Earl and the good Lord Lovel had been kind guardians to
my cousin Peterkin; you chid him not when he wept their death, and you
may suffer him to reproach their foe."

"I know nothing of these lords," said Frion, "whose names are a
stumbling block to a Frenchman's tongue. But methinks it is well for
us that they aim at each other's hearts, and make booty of their own
provender, no longer desolating the gay fields of France with their
iron hoofs."

And now, since that he had found him whom he sought, Frion talked
again of other matters, and, as before, his smooth and gay discourse
gained him pleased auditors. At length the peaceful cottagers retired
to rest, and Frion sunk to sleep under their hospitable roof, after he
had thought of various plans by which he might possess himself of the
prince's person;--the readiest and safest way was to entice him to
accompany him alone some little space, no matter how short; he trusted
to his own skill to draw him still further and further on, till he
should be put on board the boat that would ferry him to his own
revolted England.


In the high chamber of his highest tower
Sate Conrad, fettered in the Pasha's power.

Gilderoy was a bonnie boy.
  Had roses tull his shoone;
His stockings were of silken soy.
  With garters hanging doon.

It was a simple scheme, yet with the simple simplicity succeeds best.
A new face and talk of distant lands, had excited York beyond his
wont. He could not rest during the long night, while the image of his
disastrous fortunes haunted him like a ghost. "Were I the son of a
falconer or hind," he thought, "I could don my breast-plate, seize my
good cross-bow, and away to the fight. Mewed up here with women, the
very heart of a Plantagenet will fail, and I shall play the girl at
the sight of blood. Wherefore tarries Sir Edmund, our gentle coz? If
he be a true man he shall lead me to danger and glory, and England,
ere she own her king, shall be proud of her outcast child."

To a mind thus tempered--heated like iron in a smith's forge--Frion,
on the morrow, played the crafty artizan, fashioning it to his will.
He and the Prince rose early, and the Secretary prepared for immediate
departure. As he hastily partook of a slight repast, he renewed the
conversation of the preceding night, and like the Sultaness
Scheherezade, (perhaps he had heard of her device among the Moors) he
got into the midst of the quarrels of El Zagal and El Chico, the kings
of Granada, at the moment it was necessary for him to hasten away--
"Good youth," said he, "I play the idle prater, while mine errand
waits for me--lead me to the stable, and help me to saddle my nag; if
you will serve me as a guide to Lisle, you will do a good deed, and I
will reward it by finishing the strange history of the Moorish kings."

The horse was quickly in order for departure. "I will but say good day
to my kinswoman, and go with you," said Richard.

"That were idle," replied the Secretary, "the sun has hardly peeped
out from his Eastern window, and dame Madeline and her dark-eyed
daughter sleep; we kept them waking yester-night; they will scarce
have risen ere you return."

The Duke suffered himself to be persuaded--with his hand on the neck
of the horse, he strode beside his tempter, listening to his cunning
tales of Moorish ferocity and Christian valour. The walls of Lisle at
length appeared--"Here we part," said the Duke, who remembered the
caution given him, never to enter these border towns, where the
English nobles often resided for a space, and the appearance of the
gallant stripling, and his close resemblance to other members of the
princely house of York, might beget suspicion and danger.

"Wherefore this haste, Sir Perkin?" said Frion, "cooped up under a
thatched roof from Lent to Shrovetide, methinks you should be glad to
stretch your chain. I remain brief space in yonder walls; leave me not
till I depart."

"Who told you I was cooped up?" said the Prince, hastily; "if I am
chained, the key of my fetters is in my own hand."

"Put it swiftly in the wards then, and cast away the heavy iron; come
on with me, to where thou shalt ruffle bravely with satin-coated

Frion judged his prize already won, and almost threw aside his usual
caution. Richard liked not the expression his sharp, black eye
assumed, nor the wrinkling of his brow; he began to wonder what there
had been in this man so to allure him into friendly converse; now that
in a familiar tone he invited him to continue his companion, his
haughty spirit revolted, "Good sir," said he, "I now have done a
host's duty by you. I saved you from a storm, restored you to your
road--yonder path, shaded by poplars, leads at once to the town's

"I am but an unmeet comrade for you, gay gentleman," said Frion;
"pardon me if I have said aught unfitting the cottager of Tournay to
hear. I now go the noble knight, the Sire de Beverem, and I would fain
have shown him what striplings these swamps breed; methought his gilt
palace were fitter dwelling than yonder hut for one, who, if his face
lie not, aspires to nobler acts than weeding a garden or opening a
drain. Come, my Lord--how tript my tongue? but your eye is so lordly
that the word came of itself--gentle youth, trust yourself with one,
who loves to see the fiery youngster amid his mates, the gallant boy
looked on with love and favour by the noble and valiant."

Prudence whispered to Richard that this was dangerous sport; pride
told him that it were unfit, nameless, and ushered thus, to appear
before the high-born--but thoughtless youth urged him on, and even as
Frion spoke, at a quick pace they approached the town-gate. The Sire
de Beverem too, whom the wily Frenchman named, had been favoured by
Edward the Fourth, and was his guest in London--"Let the worst come,
and it were well to have made such a friend. I will bear myself
gallantly," thought York, "and win the good knight's smile; it may
profit me hereafter. Now I shall see how the world goes, and if any
new device or fashion have sprung up among our chivalry, that I may
seem not quite untaught when I lead the sons of my father's friends to
the field. Be it as you please," he said to his seducer, "before now
my hand has grasped a foil, and I will not shame your introduction."

Frion went forward conning his part; he felt that his task was not so
easy as he had imagined: the boy was wild as a bird, and so gave into
the lure; but, like a bird, he might away without warning, and speed
back to his nest ere his wings were well limed. It was many miles to
the coast: Frion's resolution had been hastily formed. The Lord
Fitzwater, a partizan of Henry, was then sojourning at Lisle. He had
been to Brussels, and on his return towards Calais a sickness had
seized him, which forced him to remain some weeks under the roof of
the Sire de Beverem; he was recovering now, and on the eve of his
departure: without confiding the whole secret to him, the papers and
tokens Frion bore must vouch that the King would thank any of his
lieges who should aid him in bringing by force or decoy a pretended
son of the traitor Earl of Lincoln (for thus Frion resolved to name
his victim) to the English shores.

Yet the decoyer had a dificult part to play; there was a quickness in
the Prince's manner which made him fear that, if his intentions
changed, his acts would not lag behind; and though he did not betray
suspicion, he was so perfectly alive to every thing said and done,
that any circumstance of doubt would not fail immediately to strike
him. Although they had hitherto discoursed in French, yet it was
certain that his native English had not been forgotten by him; nay,
the appearance of the Lord Fitzwater's attendants, their livery, their
speech, must awaken the Prince's fears, and confound the wiles of his
enemy. Frion pondered on all these obstacles, as he rode gently
through the narrow streets of Lisle; at length, they reached the abode
of the French noble, and here Frion halted; while the Duke, beginning
to be ill-satisfied with the part he played and his promised
presentation by such a man, almost resolved to break from him here and
to return; shame of appearing feeble of purpose alone prevented him.
At last, passing through the court-yard up a dark and massy stair-
case, he found himself in a hall, where several men at arms were
assembled, some furbishing pieces of armour, others engaged in talk,
one or two stretched along the benches asleep: pride awoke in the
youth's breast, he had gone too far to retrace his steps, and he
resolved to bear himself gallantly towards the noble to whom he was
about to be presented: yet pausing for a moment, "My memory," he
thought, "leads me far a-field, or some of these men bear English
badges, and their wearers seem grey-eyed Englishmen." Frion meanwhile,
selecting with quick tact one of the followers of the Sire de Beverem
who chanced to be among these men, requested an instant introduction
to Lord Fitzwater, using such golden arguments that the man, half
afraid of being called on to divide the spoil, motioned him quickly to
follow, and, passing through a suite of rooms, as he approached the
last, said, "He is there, I will call his page." "It needs not," said
Frion; "await me here, Sir Perkin," and pushing forward, to the
astonishment of the attendant, entered unannounced to the Baron's
presence: Richard thought he heard a "By St. Thomas!" uttered as the
door closed hastily; but some Englishman might be with the French
noble, and though a momentary wonder crossed him, no doubt of Frion's
integrity was awakened.

"By Saint Thomas!" exclaimed the Lord Fitzwater, as Frion almost burst
into his apartment, "what rude varlet is this? Are serfs so used to
enter a Baron's chamber in France?"

"Most noble Sir," said Frion, "if in three words, or, if you refuse me
these, if in one eye-glance, I do not satisfy you, bid your men beat
me with staves from the door. I am here in King Henry's service."

"God save him!" said the noble, "and you, Sir knave, from the fate you
name; which will be yours undoubtedly, if you do not give me good
reason for your ill-mannered intrusion."

Frion looked round. Except the Baron there was no one in the room,
save a stripling of about sixteen years. The lad, though short in
stature, was handsome; yet there was a look that indicated the early
development of qualities, which even in manhood detract from beauty.
He seemed conversant in the world's least holy ways, vain, reckless,
and selfish; yet the coarser lines drawn by self-indulgence and
youthful sensuality, were redeemed in part by the merry twinkling of
his eye, and the ready laugh that played upon his lips. "My words are
for your ears alone, my Lord," said Frion, "and be assured they touch
your liege nearly."

"Go, Robert," said Fitzwater, "but not further than the ante-chamber."

"There is one there," said Frion anxiously: "he must not quit it--he
must not escape, nor learn in whose hands he is."

"Your riddles, Sir, ill please me," replied the noble.

"Look at this paper, my Lord, and let it vouch for the heavy import of
my business."

Lord Fitzwater recognized his royal master's signature, and with an
altered tone he said, "Leave us, Robert; tarry not in the ante-
chamber, but bear my greeting to my noble host, and ask him when I
may, at his best leisure, pay my thanks to him and my kind lady. I
depart to-morrow at dawn; and mark, speak not to the stranger who
waits without."

The youth made obeisance, and departed. A piece of tapestry hung
before the door, which, together with the massy boards themselves,
prevented any sounds from piercing to the other side; the lad was
about to proceed on his errand, when curiosity prompted him to look on
the stranger, with whom he was commanded not to parley. Richard stood
in the embrasure of one of the windows, but turned quickly as the
folding door shut with no gentle sound; his candid brow, his bright
blue eyes, his frank-hearted smile, who that had ever seen could
forget them, nor were the traits of the other's countenance less
marked, though less attractive. The words burst at the same instant
from either--"My Lord of York!" "Gentle Robin Clifford!"

"My prison play-fellow," cried the Prince, "this for me is a dangerous
recognition. I pray you be wise, and--as you were ever--kind, and keep
my secret close."

"Alas! my Lord," said Robert, "you have opened your hand, and let the
winged fool fly unwittingly, if you think it has not been discovered
by yonder false loon. Know you where you are?"

"Then I am betrayed! I see it, feel it. Farewell, Robin, my fleet legs
will outrun their slow pursuit."

"Nay, an' that were possible," said Clifford--"but it is not; let me
better advise your highness; trust me you shall be free: but, hark,
they come; I must not be found here. Show no suspicion; yield to your
fate as if you knew it not, and confide in me; my hand on it, this
night you are at liberty."

Clifford quitted the apartment by the opposite door, while Frion
entered from the other, beckoning the Duke to approach. He took him by
the hand, and led him to Lord Fitzwater, who started back when he saw
him, and was about to exclaim; but Frion, in French, addressing him as
the Sire de Beverem, entreated his kind favour for Perkin Warbeck, the
gallant youth before him. The Baron evidently was ill-pleased at the
part he had consented to play; he said a few words with an ill grace,
and bidding Perkin welcome, promised him favour, and permission for
the present to remain in his abode. Richard saw through the flimsy
disguise which the Englishman threw over his native speech, though he
did not know who his receiver was; but, feeling that it was best to
follow his young friend's counsel, he replied, also in French, that,
at his guide's invitation, he had eagerly sought an interview with the
renowned Sire de Beverem; that the honour done him would be deeply
engraven in his heart; that on some future occasion he would
gratefully avail himself of his offers; but that, at the present time,
he had left his home without intimating any intention of a prolonged
absence, and that he owed it to a kind kinswoman not to disquiet her
by delaying his return. He prayed the noble to dismiss him therefore,
craving leave only to attend him some other day.

"Be it so," said Fitzwater, "to-morrow at dawn you shall depart hence;
but you must not refuse my proffered hospitality. I shall introduce
you to my household as one who ere long will be admitted into it, and
show my friend, Sir Lalayne, who is now here, what gentle boors our
Flanders breeds."

"I can return to-morrow, my good Lord," Richard began; but the noble
not heeding him, added, "Stay till my return; I now go to hear mass,"
and passed hastily from the chamber.

The Prince's first impulse was to reproach Frion's knavery, assert his
freedom, and, ere any measures had been taken to secure his person, to
quit his new prison. But he did not know how deep-laid the plot might
be; he was inclined to think that all was prepared for his reception
and safe custody, so that any open attempt to regain his liberty would
be resisted by force; while, through the assistance of his friend
Clifford, he might hope to escape, if, giving in to the stratagem, he
took occasion by the curb, and forced it to his purpose. "Are you
mad," said Frion, "my rustic, that you resist the proffers of a high
and powerful man of your native land?"

Richard wondered, when he beheld Frion's sneer and crafty glance, how
he had not mistrusted him from the moment he beheld him; the double
meaning of his words, and the familiar tone in which they were
uttered, grated him like a personal insult. He repressed the angry
reply rising to his lips, and said:--"It seems I must submit, yet I
should be beholden to you if you contrived an excuse, and lent me your
horse, that I might ride back and inform Dame Madeline. To-morrow I
might return."

Frion opposed this intention, and led the Prince to a chamber at some
distance from any other, at the end of a corridor, saying, "that it
had been assigned to him;" and after a short conversation left him.
Richard heard the shooting of the bolt as the door closed: "Son of
King Edward," he thought, "thy folly disgraces thy parentage: thus at
once to have run into the gin. Yet I am of good cheer, and my heart
tells me that I shall relate the merry tale of my escape to Madeline
and my sweet coz, and dry this night the tears my disappearance has
caused them to shed." It soon appeared, by the long absence of his
betrayer, that it was not intended to continue the farce longer; but
that, from the moment he had entered that chamber, he was in treatment
as well as in fact a prisoner. After several weary hours had elapsed,
his blithe spirit began to sink; he reflected that Clifford had
probably promised more than he could perform: but courage awoke with
the sense of danger; he resolved to be true to himself, and to effect
his escape singly, if he could gain no assistance. "Men have ears and
hearts," he thought, "and I can work on these; or they may be
neglectful while I am on the alert, and I can profit by their
carelessness. In all forms my fortune may take, I will not fail to
myself; and there is small danger in any change for a true man. With
my light spirit and resolved will, I could, I doubt not, persuade an
armed band to make way for me, or open prison bolts with charming
words, though my witchcraft be only that of gentle courtesy, moulding
with skilful hand the wax of soft humanity." Pacing the apartment, he
continued these meditations, imagining every circumstance that might
and would arise, and how he was to turn all to the best advantage. He
framed persuasive speeches, wily answers to ensnaring questions,
cautious movements, by which he might withdraw himself from the hands
of his enemies; and while he thus occupied himself, his eyes gleamed,
and his cheeks glowed, as if the moment of action had come, and his
life and liberty depended on instant deed.

At two hours past noon the door was unclosed, and a servant entered
bearing food; impatient to begin his plans of escape, Richard was
about to speak to him, when, in the doorway, he beheld the slight,
stunted figure of Clifford, whose forefinger was pressed on his lips,
and who, after exchanging one glance with his friend, cast aside his
stealthy expression of countenance, entering with a half-swaggering
look, and saying, in French, "my Lord, young Sir, has sent me on a
pleasant embassage, even that of dining with your pageship, saying,
two boys like us were better and merrier together, than in the great
hall with the arrogant serving-men." Richard felt no great appetite;
but taking the tone from his friend, he thanked him, and they fell to
on the viands. "Now, kind Thomas," said Clifford, "of your bounty
bring us a stoup of wine; the day is rainy, and we cannot abroad; so
my gossip and I will tell long stories over our bottle, and lay some
plan of merry mischief which you and your fellows may in good time

The domestic obeyed, nor till the wine was brought, the servant fairly
dismissed, and the door closed, did Clifford put aside the character
he had assumed of a stripling page, in a noble master's abode,
entertaining a stranger visitant of his own years. At length, when
they were quite alone, the merry boy put his hands to his sides and
indulged in so gay a peal of laughter, that the Prince, who at first
stared in wonder, at last caught the infection, and laughed too, while
tears from superabundant glee, streamed down their cheeks. Once,
twice, and thrice, did Richard check himself, and turn seriously to
enquire the cause of this merriment, and Clifford strove to answer,
but laughter bubbling up choked his voice, and both again yielded in
accord to the overpowering fit. At last gasping, holding their sides,
and by degrees commanding their muscles, the Duke said, "I would ask
you, friend Robin, what this means? but at the word, lo, you! your
very voice is lost. Now prithee feel half as weary as I do of this
folly, and you will be as grave as tumble-down Dick. Do you remember
the simpering fellow we made good sport of in the Tower?"

"You have broke the spell, my Lord," said Clifford; "that word
suffices to make me as grave as Brakenbury himself, when he looked on
your brother's corpse. Ah dear, your Highness, the name of the Tower
is worse than a raven's croak! God and St. Thomas preserve you from
ever getting the other side of its moat!"

"Amen, Robin, with all my heart," said Richard; "a shudder runs
through my limbs down to my finger tips, making the skin on my head
creep, when I think there is any chance of my passing long years in
those dreary cells, with their narrow deep windows; the court yards,
which the sun seldom visits; the massy dark walls, whose black stones
seemed to frown angrily, if our childs' voices were ever heard in

"There your cousin, my Lord of Warwick, pines out his melancholy
days," replied Clifford, "and that is your destined abode. My
grandfather was slain by Queen Margaret's side, and stained the Red
Rose with a blood-red die, falling in its cause. Your father and his
brothers did many a Clifford much wrong, and woe and mourning
possessed my house till the line of Lancaster was restored. I cannot
grieve therefore for the exaltation of the Earl of Richmond; yet I
will not passively see my playmate mewed up in a cage, nor put in
danger of having his head laid on that ungentle pillow in Tower Yard.
The daughter of Warwick, our Edward's affianced bride, your crook-
backed uncle's wife, loved my pranks and nurtured my youth; and by her
good leave, many a mirthful hour I spent in the dark place you name.
May neither of us ever see it more!"

"You will then assist my escape?" asked Richard.

"As faithfully, gossip Dickon, as God his grace shall await me at the
last day!--and now I will tell you a merry tale."


 --It is thy merit
To make all mortal business ebb and flow
By roguery.

And then, with you, my friends, and the old man.
We'll load the hollow depth of our black ship.
And row with double strokes from this dread shore.

Notwithstanding the promise Clifford made of a merry tale, both he and
his auditor looked grave as he commenced. Richard expected, with some
anxiety, an explanation from his friend, and the other assumed the
self-consequence resulting from having achieved a victory. No two
beings ever displayed, in their way, a greater contrast than these
youths. The prince was many inches taller than his companion, and his
slim make promised increase of height. His brow was smooth as infancy,
candid as day; his bright blue eyes were lighted up with intelligence,
yet there was a liquid lustre in them that betokened tenderness; nor
did his lips, that nest of the heart's best feelings, bely his eyes.
They were full, a little curled, can we say in pride, or by what more
gentle word can we name a feeling of self-elevation and noble purpose,
joined to benevolence and sweetness? His oval cheeks were rounded by
the dimpled chin, and his golden hair clustered on a throat of marble
whiteness, which, as the white embroidered collar thrown back over the
doublet, permitted the out-line to be seen, sustained his head as the
Ionic flute rears its graceful capital. Clifford was shorter, but firm
set and more manlike in form, his grey eyes were bright or dull as his
soul spoke in them; his brow slightly scowled, pending over, and, even
thus early, lines were delved in it, hardly seen when he was in
repose, but which, as he spoke, showed deep and distorted; his smile
was tinctured by a sneer, his voice attracted no confidence, yet
Richard now hung intently on it as he spoke:

"When I returned from doing my Lord's bidding, I found him moving
about the room, more like a parched pea than a stately noble; for now
he stood still, and then shot off with a quick step, showing every
sign of being ill at ease. Now, boy as I am, for I can number but
sixteen summers, my Lord more than loves me, he trusts me, and not
without cause--for when at hazard--but my story will be too long--
enough that ere now I have done him service. Had I not known the cause
of his disquiet I should have asked it, but, believing myself fully
aware of what this all meant, I went to my post, and busied myself in
making some flies for angling, seeming most intent upon my work. My
Lord stood over me, and twice or thrice fetched a sigh, and then
strode away, and came again, saying, "I am a fool, a dolt--the King
can mean no ill to this lad--and yet--I cannot tell you how long this
indecision lasted, while I patiently toiled at a fly of green and
gold, bright as those which trouts love to snap at in clear streams
during May. At length he asked me, 'Robin, did you mark the boy that
stood in the ante-chamber?' 'Aye, my good Lord!' 'And what thought you
of him?' 'Thought, my Lord?' I spoke enquiringly, for it suddenly came
across me that he did not know you, and it was not for me to betray
your secret. 'Aye,' he replied, 'thought? Does he resemble any one you
ever knew? Of what country do you divine him to be?' 'These Flemings
are sandy-haired,' I said, 'yet he does not look of Flanders. Methinks
he seems English born.'"

"'You are right,' said he, 'English he is confessedly. This Frion
calls him a natural son of De la Poole--of the late Earl of Lincoln.
He says that he has knowledge of a secret treasure concealed by his
father before this last rebellion, and the king wishes to get him into
his hands, thus to secure the gold. The tale is not unlikely, for the
Tudor ever loved the glitter--nay, the very dust of the precious
metal,--and the boy resembles strangely the House of York. Yet, I
care not for the task put upon me of kidnapping a child, and of
betraying him into his enemy's hands--perhaps of delivering him up a
prisoner for life, for the sake of--Poor fellow! if he know aught of
a concealed treasure, in God's name, let him confess it while on this
side the fatal channel that now divides him from tyranny or death.'
'Let me deal with him,' I said, 'let me throw out some toy, such as is
this gold and green thread to a silly fish, and learn the truth; if he
discover the hiding-place of this so coveted coin, we may spare him
the trouble of his enforced journey.' 'I know not that,' answered my
patron; 'Master Frion is earnest for his safe keeping; and no one is
nearer our liege's inner wishes than this Provencal, who served him in
exile, and who followd him in his expedition thence; and yet there is
a noble daring in the boy, a mountain freshness in his cheek, a
springy freedom in his gait, that it were a thousand pities to fetter
and limit within narrow prison bounds.' Seeing that my lord was thus
favorably inclined, I used all my poor eloquence to urge him further,
and at last brought him to consent that I should converse with you;
learn, if possible, your secret; inform you of your danger, and advise
you to escape. One only difficulty remained: my Lord had promised this
Master Secretary that none should be admitted to talk with you; but
when the subtle fiend, the double-dealing Frenchman entered, I told
him with a long visage, that our noble host, the Sire de Beverem, had
heard that we were carrying off, by force, a Fleming; and that,
considering his hospitable mansion stained by the act, he had
commanded strict watch to be kept on the morrow, that if any of the
English suite were unwilling to go, or appeared in durance, he should
be rescued. It was advisable therefore, that you should be kept in
good-humour till fairly beyond the gates of Lisle; and this my
wisdomship offered to do, if admitted to parlance with you. You look
grave, Sir Prince, but had you seen Frion's sage look of hesitation,
and heard his many exhortations that I would by no means betray my
knowledge of who you really were; and how I, with a bow, careful as if
my curls were white from years, promised discretion, you would laugh
as I did, when, the mime over which I played before the servitor, I
doffed my page's seeming equality, and in duteous phrase to his
Highness of York, offer my best services to liberate him."

"That seems already done," said Richard; "usher me to the Lord
Fitzwater. I will declare myself to him; his compassion already

"Would then be cool as snow at Christmas. Wise young Sir, Baron
Fitzwater wears the blushing Rose; and for him there is wormwood in
the name of York. Now, as a chance offshoot of the white thorn, he
only sees in you a harmless boy, whom it were sin to injure; but give
yourself a name whose very echo would bring St. Albans, Tewkesbury,
Bosworth Field, and a thousand scaffolds streaming with his kinsmen's
blood before him, and without remorse he would let Frion have his will
of you. Even I, Duke Richard, I am sprung from those who fell for

"Enough," replied the prince haughtily. "I am content to stand alone,
to achieve my freedom singly, or to submit to my fate."

"Not so, my noble playmate," said the other. "I will not offer you my
knee, my oath, my sword, for my allegiance belongs to the anointed
King of England; but, I beseech you, suffer Robin Clifford to assist
high-born Plantagenet to escape from a prison or from death; permit
him to pay, if not the duty of a subject, yet that of a loving friend
to the former companion of his childish sports."

Richard listened somewhat sullenly to these offers; he ill brooked the
thought that any of English parentage should, knowing who he was,
refuse to acknowledge him for his liege; but Clifford would not be
refused; while it was hardly worth while to contend with his light
spirit, which appeared incapable of a serious or profound idea. After
a short resistance, therefore, the duke entered willingly into a
discussion of the best means of effecting his escape in such a way,
that he should have several hours the start of Frion, and be distant
from danger, before his seducer could discover that he was not still
safe in his hands.

In the midst of this discussion, Frion suddenly entered. The stake for
which he played was too momentous to trust it wholly to the stripling
page, and distrust of the wily boy entered also into his calculations;
he broke in therefore, not only unannounced, but with such stealthy
quiet as shewed that he meant to pounce on his victim unawares. The
youths sat, their stools drawn close; Clifford was leaning forward
earnestly propounding his schemes, and Richard listened, his whole
soul in his countenance. Frion was close upon them before he was
perceived by either, his eyes glimmering with their usual suspicious
look. The artless Richard started, and would with a conscious mien
have drawn back; but Clifford, more used to the wiles and watchfulness
of others, and his own double mode of action, continued to speak in
the same tone the same words, without moving a muscle. The Prince
wondered, and regained his self-possession; not from entering into the
deceit of his companion, but from the haughty sentiment of his own
dignity, which even in danger refused to cower.

Clifford had been saying--"I will hence to the Sire: a word to him, of
whose secretary this Provencal is, and insinuation that he is now on a
secret expedition to the Flemish towns, will awaken his curiosity; he
will send for him; fortunately the good knight speaks so slow that a
mass can be said while he is introducing the subject of his enquiries;
as each word expires, he pauses while a requiem might be sung for its
death; our antagonist will writhe and--" and a glance askance informed
the speaker that this man was at his side: he continued--"and strive
vainly to escape; the heavy weight will be too much for him, he must
submit. Such feints suit well us boys who have not strength nor skill
for more declared warfare. Tomorrow's dawn I will practise with you in
the court of the castle ere you depart. But indeed, my gossip, you
must promise to be at Calais on the sixteenth, when we shall see a
combat of good knights fit for royal princesses to look on. And now,
fair Sir, farewell; here is your friend. The Sire de Beverem commanded
my presence at this hour. If I see you not again to-night, the saints
have you in their keeping!"

When Clifford with his pagelike vivacity ran from the room singing a
gay romance, Frion felt himself embarrassed; and more so when Richard
said--"My guest, it is hard, after giving you harbourage last night,
that I should be forced, whether I will or not, to tarry here, leaving
my kinswoman in dread and doubt. Make you my excuse to the Chevalier,
and delay me no longer, I beseech you."

Frion, without directly replying, said, "Anon I will speak of that;
meanwhile I have news for you:"--and he entered into a long account of
an expected sedition in Flanders, and how the Sire de Beverem had
promised to enlist Perkin Warbeck in his particular troop, when with
courage and good fortune he could not fail to rise. While he was
talking, one of the men at arms of the noble entered, and notified to
Frion that his lord desired an instant interview with him. The
Secretary hastened to obey; he thought that good-fortune itself
provided this excuse for him to escape from his victim, and resolved
not again to present himself before him. He was scarcely gone when
Clifford returned--"Now quick," he cried, "down the back staircase!
My own steed stands saddled for you; ride fast and far--but whither--
whither do you intend to go?"

"In the first place to Dame Madeline's cottage."

"That were midsummer madness," cried Clifford; "Frion will never rest
till he ensnares his bird again--nay, though I trust he will not
discover your escape till to-morrow morning, that part of my scheme
may fail; and his papers from the King are such that my lord could not
refuse to aid him. I pray you set space and cloudy mystery between

"It shall be so. Probably I shall seek refuge at Brussels; but I must
see my gentle guardian and my sweet cousin, calm their fears, and bid
them farewell."

They had descended a narrow winding staircase; Clifford unlocked a
postern, opening on a dark alley. A small light-limbed horse stood
without, held by a stout, almost gigantic fellow. "Here, Bryan," said
Clifford, "this is the smuggled article of which I spoke. Convey it in
safety to the gate; once without, the road is known. How now,
sweeting! you sit your steed as if you were used to this gear--in
truth thou art a false one--yet take care, fold your cloak thus--not
one kiss ere we part?" He sportively snatched the Prince's hand, and
pressing it to his lips, continued, "No weeping, lovely: my merry
heart hates tears like verjuice. The Blessed Virgin protect you; I
must in. Remember in every ill Robin Clifford is your fast, your sworn
friend. Look at her, Bryan: one would swear by her bearing it were a
beardless page, and not a long-haired girl; remember, though gamesome,
she is gentle, and respect her on your life:"

Laughing at his own deceits, the guileful boy re-entered the mansion;
nor could Richard avoid smiling at the merry and ready subterfuges
which his friend had at command on every occasion. Bryan demurely held
the rein, and hardly hazarded a look or covert joke, as with a pace
that put the poney to a trot, he led the Prince through the narrow
streets to the western gate. The youth breathed freely when, after
having passed the hollow sounding drawbridge, he saw the dark wall of
the town behind him, and before, the green plain. In his haste he
scarcely bestowed a benison on his guide; but snatching the rein from
his hand, and with the other throwing some money at his feet, and
exclaiming "Beware of prating, as thou art willing to save thyself
from the whipping-post!" he impatiently struck his unarmed heel
against the horse's sides, and bounded swiftly forward. Bryan picked
up the angles, and told them slowly, as he said "I meant to have paid
myself in other coin; but, by St. Julian, she rides more like a
trooper than a gentle dame--and her speech--Master Robert has before
now entrusted a damsel to my guidance, but they ever spoke me
lovingly, with 'fair Sir,' and 'sweet Bryan!' Forsooth, Flemish girls
ruffle more like pranksome pages than soft-cheeked wenches!"

The thought of his conductor had passed as swiftly from the Prince's
thoughts, as he made the ground fly from under his horse's hoof. He
was aware that he did neither the safest or best thing in seeking,
like a hunted hare, the form from which he had been roused in the
morning; but the desire of calming Madeline's anxiety, and imprinting
a farewell kiss on the sweet lips of her daughter, prevented him from
altering his first purpose. The night was cloudy and very dark, but
the road was known to him, and he continued at full speed till a
voice, calling aloud, attracted his attention--the words could not be
mistaken--his own name, "Perkin Warbeck!" sounded through the night.
His first thought was, that he was pursued, but reflection told him
that assuredly his pursuers would not halloo to him, while any sent in
search of him by Madeline, might naturally so try to stop him as he
rode so fast through the dark. He checked his speed, therefore, and in
a few moments a Cavalier, a stranger, was at his side, mounted on a
tall black horse; his form seemed gigantic, and little else could be
discerned: the stranger spoke to him in French, with a foreign accent.
He asked him, "Are you not he they call Perkin Warbeck?" This address
was sufficiently startling; and the youth haughtily replied, "My name
imports not to you, while to me this interruption is unseasonable."

"Enough; you go towards the cottage of Madeline de Faro; I follow your
Highness thither."

Richard grasped the small poinard which hung from his belt; yet how
could he, a child, contend with the tall and muscular form beside him?
"Whoever thou art," he cried, "and whoever I may be, follow me not; I
am no serf to be seized and carried back to his suzerain. Depart in
God's name, that the fingers of neither may receive an ill stain!"

"Thou art a gallant boy!" cried the stranger, as placing his hand on
the youth's arm, his most gentle touch was felt as an iron vice
pressing on his flesh: "Pardon, my Lord, the interference of one
unknown to you, though I will not call myself a stranger. I am Hernan
de Faro, the husband of Dame Madeline; now stay not your speed, while
we hasten to relieve her thousand fears. I am come in search of you."

The heart of Richard warmed towards his new friend: he felt, that with
him on his side, he might defy Frion, Fitzwater, and all their
followers; for there was something in de Faro's mien, which spoke of a
thousand combats, and as many victories; his deep voice out-roared the
elements; his hand might arrest a wild horse in mid career. When they
arrived at the wicket entrance to the cot, he lifted the boy from the
saddle, as a child would handle a toy, and shouted aloud in his own
language, "Viva el Duque de Inglatierra y el Marinero, Hernan de

The dangers Richard had run, and the delight she experienced in seeing
him, when again under her roof, stopped all Madeline's reproaches. "Is
he not worthy all my fears?" she said to her husband, who stood eyeing
the boy as he caressed his daughter. De Faro stretched out his hand,
saying, "Will you, Seor Don Ricardo, accept my services, and my vow
to protect you till the death, so help me the Blessed Virgin and the
Holy Trinity."

De Faro was a mariner who had sailed in the service of the King of
Portugal, along the unsounded shores of Africa, and sought beyond the
equator a route to the spicy Indian land. His dark skin was burnt to a
nearly negro die; his black curled hair, his beard and mustachios of
the same dusky hue, half hid his face; his brow somewhat lowered over
eyes dark as night; but, when he smiled, his soft mouth and pearly
teeth, softened the harshness of his physiognomy, and he looked gentle
and kind. Every nerve, every muscle, had been worn and hardened by
long toilsome navigation; his strong limbs had withstood the tempest,
his hands held unmoved the cordage, which the whirlwind strove vainly
to tear from his grasp. He was a tower of a man; yet withal one, to
whom the timid and endangered would recur for refuge, secure of his
generosity and dauntless nature. He heard the story of Richard's
dangers; his plan was formed swiftly: he said, "If you choose, Sir
Prince, to await your foes here, I am ready, having put these girls in
safety, to barricade the doors, and with arquebus and sword to defend
you to the last: but there is a safer and better way for us all. I am
come to claim my Madeline and our child, and to carry them with me to
my native Spain. My vessel now rides off Ostend. I had meant to make
greater preparation, and to have laid up some weeks here before we
went on our home-bound voyage; but, as it is, let us depart to-night."

The door suddenly opened as he spoke--Madeline shrieked--Richard
sprung upon his feet, while de Faro rose more slowly, placing himself
like a vast buttress of stone before the intruder. It was Clifford.

"All is safe for the night," he cried; "your Grace has a few hours the
start, and but a few; dally not here!"

Again the discussion of whither he should fly was renewed, and the
Duke spoke of Brussels--of his aunt. "Of poison and pit-falls," cried
Robert; "think you, boy, as you are, and under pardon, no conjuror,
that the King will not contrive your destruction?"

Probably self-interested motives swayed Clifford; but he entered
warmly into de Faro's idea of hastening to the sea-coast, and of
sailing direct for Spain. "In a few years you will be a man--in a few

"Forgotten! Yes--I may go; but a few months shall mark my return. I go
on one condition; that you, Clifford, watch for the return of my
cousin, Sir Edmund, and direct him where to find me."

"I will not fail. Sir Mariner, whither are you bound?"

"To Malaga."

And now, urged and quickened by Clifford, who promised to attend to
all that this sudden resolve left incomplete, the few arrangements for
their departure were made. Favoured by night, and the Prince's perfect
knowledge of the country, they were speedily on their way to Ostend.
Clifford returned to Lisle, to mark and enjoy Frion's rage and
Fitzwater's confusion, when, on the morrow, the quarry was found to
have stolen from its lair. Without a moment's delay, the Secretary
followed, he hoped, upon his track: he directed his steps to Brussels.
A letter meanwhile from Ostend, carefully worded, informed Clifford of
the arrival and embarkation of his friends: again he was reminded of
Plantagenet; nor had he long to wait before he fulfilled this last

Edmund had found the Lady Margaret glad to receive tidings of her
nephew; eager to ensure his safety and careful bringing up, but
dispirited by the late overthrow, and deeply grieved by the death of
the noble and beloved Lincoln; no attack could now be made; it would
be doubly dangerous to bring forward the young Richard at this
juncture. She commissioned Plantagenet to accompany him to Brussels
that she might see him; and then they could confer upon some fitting
plan for the privacy and security of his future life, until maturer
age fitted him to enter on his destined struggles.

Edmund returned with brightened hopes to Tournay, to find the cottage
deserted, his friends gone. It may easily be imagined that this
unexpected blank was a source of terror, almost of despair to the
adventurer. He feared to ask questions, and when he did propound a
few, the answers only increased his perplexity and fears. It was not
until his third hopeless visit to the empty dwelling, that he met a
stripling page, who with an expression of slyness in his face, spoke
the watchword of the friends of York. Edmund gladly exchanged the
countersign, and then the boy asked him, whether he called himself
cousin to the fugitive Duke of York, laughing the while at the
consternation his auditor exhibited at the utterance of this hidden
and sacred word: "You come to seek your prince," he continued, "and
wonder whither he may be flown, and what corner of earth's wilderness
affords him an abode. He is now, by my calculations, tossing about in
a weatherbeaten caravel, commanded by Hernan de Faro, in the Bay of
Biscay; in another month he may anchor in the port of Malaga; and the
dark-eyed girls of Andalusia will inform you in what nook of their
sunny land the fair-haired son of England dwells. The King is
defeated, master Frion balked, and Lord Fitzwater gone on a bootless
errand: the White Rose flourishes free as those that bloom in our
Kentish hedges."

Without waiting for a reply, but with his finger on his lip to repel
further speech, the youth vaulted on his horse, and was out of sight
in a moment. Edmund doubted for some time whether he should act upon
this singular communication. He endeavoured to learn who his informant
was, and at last became assured that it was Robert Clifford, a young
esquire in Lord Fitzwater's train. He was the younger son of the Lord
Clifford who fell for Lancaster at the battle of St. Alban's. By
birth, by breeding he was of the Red Rose, yet it was evident that his
knowledge was perfect as to the existence of the Duke of York; and the
return of Lord Fitzwater and King Henry's secretary to Lisle,
disappointed and foiled, served to inspire confidence in the
information he had bestowed. After much reflection Plantagenet
resolved to visit Paris, where he knew that the brother of Madeline,
old John Warbeck, then sojourned; and, if he did not gain surer
intelligence from him, to proceed by way of Bordeaux to Spain.


A day will come when York shall claim his own;
Then York be still a while, till time do serve.

The further Edmund journeyed from the late abode of his lost cousin,
the more he felt displeased at the step he had taken; but on his
arrival in Paris his uncertainty ended. War-beck had received
intimation of the hurried embarkation of his sister, and here also he
found Lady Brampton, whose husband had taken refuge in Paris after the
battle of Stoke. Like the Queen Dowager, the fate of Margaret of
Anjou's son haunted this lady, and she warmly espoused the idea of
bringing the Duke of York up in safe obscurity, until his own judgment
might lead him to choose another line of action, or the opposing
politics of Europe promised some support to his cause. She agreed to
repair herself to Brussels, to take counsel with the Duchess, to use
all her influence and arts, and as soon as time was ripe to proceed
herself to Spain to announce it to the Prince. Meanwhile Plantagenet,
following his former purpose, would take up his abode with Richard in
Spain; teach him the science of arms, and the more difficult lessons
of courage, self-command, and prudent conduct. In pursuance of this
plan, Edmund lost no time in going to Bordeaux, whence he embarked for
Malaga, and following his friend's steps, arrived shortly after him at
the retreat de Faro had chosen among the foldings of the mountains on
the borders of Andalusia.

De Faro's was a singular history. In those days that part of Andalusia
which comprised the kingdom of Granada, was the seat of perpetual
wars, and even when armies did not meet to deluge its fertile plains
and valleys with their blood, troops led by noble cavaliers and
illustrious commanders overran its districts in search of plunder and
glory. During one of these incursions, in the year 1452, some impulse
of religion or humanity made a Spanish soldier snatch from a couch in
the country-house of a noble wealthy Moor, already half consumed, an
infant hardly a year old; the band was already in full retreat, and,
fortunately, this incident took place on the very frontiers of
Granada, or the benevolence of the soldier would hardly have been
proof against the trouble his little charge occasioned him. Toiling up
the mountains on their return to the kingdom of Jaen, they entered the
little town of Alcala-la-Real, where on the side of the mountainous
road rose the walls of a monastery. "How better," thought the soldier,
"save the soul of this boy than by giving him to the monks?" It was
not perhaps the present they would most readily have selected, but
compassion and piety forbade them to refuse it: the little Moor became
a Christian by the name of Hernan, and was brought up within the
sacred precincts of the convent. Though the monks were able to make a
zealous Catholic of their nursling, they did not succeed so well in
taming his fiery spirit, nor could they induce him to devote himself
to the inactive and mortifying life of a priest. Yet he was generous
and daring, and thus acquired their affection; next to being a recluse
vowed to God, the vocation of a soldier for the faith, in the eyes of
these holy men, was to be selected. Hernan advancing in life, and
shooting up into strong and premature manhood, was recommended by the
Abbot to his cousin, the illustrious Don Rodrigo Ponce de Leon,
Marquess of Cadiz. He fought several times under his banners, and in
the year 1471 entered with him the kingdom of Granada, and was wounded
at the taking of Cardela. In this last action it was, that a sudden
horror of taking up arms against his countrymen sprung up in Hernan's
breast. He quitted Spain in consequence; and, visiting Lisbon, he was
led to embrace a sea-faring life, and entered the marine service of
the king of Portugal; at one time visiting Holland, where he sought
and won the hand of Madeline: and afterwards, with Bartholomew Diaz,
he made one of the crew that discovered the Cape of Good Hope. He
sailed with three vessels, one of which lost company of the others,
and its crew underwent various and dreadful perils at sea, and from
the blacks on land: after nine months they again fell in with their
companions, three sailors only remaining. One of these was Hernan de
Faro; his skill, valour, and fortitude had saved the vessel; he was
exalted to its command, and now, in safer voyage over seas more known,
he had freighted it with the fugitives from Tournay.

During all his wanderings, even in the gay and rich Portugal, Hernan
turned with fond regret to his mountain home. To its rugged peaks, its
deep and silent dells; its torrents, its verdure, its straggling and
precipitous paths; its prospect over the rich and laughing Vega of
Granada. He had promised himself, after weary toils, a long repose in
this beloved spot; and hither he now led his wife, resolving to set up
his tent for ever in the land of his childhood, his happy childhood.
It was a strange place to choose, bordering on Granada, which at that
time was as lists in which Death and Havock sat umpires. But the
situation of Alcala-la-Real preserved it secure, notwithstanding its
dangerous neighbourhood. It was perched high upon the mountain,
overlooking a plain which had been for many years the scene of
ruthless carnage and devastation, being in itself an asylum for
fugitives--a place of rest for the victor--an eagle's nest,
unassailable by the vultures of the plain.

Here then Plantagenet found his cousin; here in lovely and romantic
Spain. Though defaced and torn by war, Andalusia presented an aspect
of rich and various beauty, intoxicating to one whose life had been
spent in the plains of England, or the dull flats of Flanders. The
purple vineyards; the olive plantations clothing the burning hill-
side; the groves of mulberry, cork, pomegranate, and citron, that
diversified the fertile vegas or plains; the sweet flowing rivers,
with their banks adorned by scarlet geranium and odoriferous myrtle,
made this spot Nature's own favoured garden, a paradise unequalled
upon earth. On such a scene did the mountainhome of the exiles look
down. Alcala too had beauties of her own. Ilex and pine woods clothed
the defiles of the rugged Sierra, which stretched far and wide, torn
by winter torrents into vast ravines; variegated by a thousand
intersecting lines, formed by the foldings of the hills; the clouds
found a home on the lofty summits; the wandering mists crept along the
abrupt precipices; alternate light and shadow, rich in purple and
golden hues, arrayed each rocky peak or verdant slope in radiance all
their own.

All this fair land had been under the dominion of the Moors. Now, town
by town, stronghold by stronghold, they had lost it; the riches of the
land belonged to the Christians, who still, by military conquest or
policy, pressed the realm of the Moorish sovereign into a narrower
compass; while, divided in itself, the unhappy kingdom fell piecemeal
into their hands. De Faro was a devout Catholic; but, with all his
intrepidity, more humanity than belonged to that age, warmed his manly
heart. He remembered that he was a Moor: whenever he saw a Moslem
prisoner in chains, or a cavalgada of hapless women driven from their
native towns to slavery, the blood in his veins moved with instinctive
horror; and the idea that among them might pine and groan his parents,
his own relatives, burned like living coal in his breast. He had half
forgotten this, when he came to Alcala, bringing his wife and child,
and resolved to set up here his home; but when, in the succeeding
spring, the Spanish army assembled on the frontiers of Murcia, and
swept on towards the south; when deeds of Moorish valour and Moorish
suffering reached Alcala, when the triumph of the Christians and their
ravages were repeated, the gallant mariner could endure no longer. "It
is a fruitless struggle," he said, "Granada must fall, and God, who
searches hearts, knows that his victory will be dear to me when the
cross floats from the towers of the Alhambra. But I cannot behold the
dark, blood-stained advances of the invader. I will go--go where man
destroys not his brother, where the wild winds and waves are the
armies we combat. In a year or two, every sword will be sheathed; the
peace of conquest will reign over Andalusia. One other voyage; and I

He went without fear, for Alcala appeared a safe retreat, and left his
family spectators of the war. What a school for Richard! Edmund
rejoiced that he would be accomplished in knightly exercise in the
land of chivalry; but he was not prepared for the warlike enthusiasm
that sprung up in his cousin's heart, and even in his own. It was the
cause of God that armed the gentlemen of Spain, that put daring into
the politic Ferdinand's heart, and inspired with martial ardour the
magnaminous Isabella. The veteran Cavaliers had lost many relatives
and companions in arms, in various defeats under the rocky castles, or
within the pathless defiles of Andalusia; and holy zeal possessed
them, to avenge their deaths, or to deliver those who pined in
bondage. The younger knights, under the eye of their sovereigns,
emulated each other in gallantry and glory. They painted war with
pomp, and adorned it by their virtues.

Not many months before, the Earl of Rivers, with a band of Englishmen,
aided at the siege of Loxa, and distinguished himself by his undaunted
bravery; his blunt but gay humour; his eager emulation with the
Spanish commanders. The Duke of York heard, with a leaping heart, his
mother's brother's name. Had he still been there--but no, he had
returned to fall in affray in Britanny, the victim of Tudor's
heartless desertion--this circumstance had given distinction and
honour to the name of Englishman, nor did Edmund feel inclined to
lower the national character by keeping away from the scene of glory.
What was to be done? York was a mere boy; yet, when Plantagenet spoke
of serving under one of the illustrious Catholic chieftains, York
said, "I follow you: I will be your squire, your page, your stirrup-
boy; but I follow!"

In 1489 the siege of Baza was formed.--It was defended with desperate
valour by the Moors, while every noble Spaniard, capable of bearing
arms, assembled in Ferdinand's camp, which glittered in silks and gay
caparisons, yet the very luxury of the warriors was ennobled by their
valour. The sallies on the part of the besieged were furious; the
repulse they sustained, determined and successful. When closely hemmed
in, the Moors relaxed in their desperate efforts; the younger
Christian cavaliers used the leisure so afforded them, to unite in
making incursions in the surrounding country, to cut off supplies, and
to surprise the foraging parties of the enemy. Two youths became
conspicuous in these exploits; both proclaimed their English origin.
One bore a knight's golden spurs (Edmund had been knighted on the eve
of the battle of Stoke by the Earl of Lincoln), and boasted of his
royal, through illegitimate, descent; the other, a beardless,
fairhaired, blooming boy, was nameless, save by the Christian
appellation of Ricardo, to which was added the further designation of
el Muchacho, from his extreme youth. It was a lovely, yet an awful
sight, to behold this pair. The elder, whose dark eyes and dun
complexion gave him a greater resemblance to his Southern comrades,
never lost sight of his young friend; side by side, his shield before
Richard's breast, they went to the field. When Edmund would otherwise
have pressed forward he hung back to guard his cousin; and when the
boy was hurried forward in the ardour of fight, still his kinsman's
gaze was on him--his sword protecting him in every aspect of danger.
If the stripling were attacked, Edmund's eyes flashed fire, and mortal
vengeance fell upon his foe. They became the discourse of the camp;
and Plantagenet's modesty, and Richard's docility in all, save
avoiding peril, advanced them still further in the favour of the grave
courteous Spaniards. "Art thou then motherless?" Isabel asked, "If
thou art not, thy gentle parent must pass many wakeful nights for
thee!" At length, in one skirmish, both the youths got surrounded by
the foe. Richard's young arm, wearied by the very sword he bore, gave
ineffectual blows--forgetting that he left himself unguarded, Edmund
rushed between him and his assailant--others came to their assistance:
but Plantagenet was already struck to the ground; and for many weeks
York forgot even the glorious emulation of arms, while watching over
his best and dearest friend. Meanwhile Baza surrendered, and the
cousins returned to Alcala, to Madeline and her fair child; and
domestic peace succeeded to the storms of war. Richard loved Madeline
as his mother; her daughter was his sister, his angel sister, whose
tenderness and heroism of character commanded deep affection.

Monina de Faro was, even in childhood, a being to worship and to love.
There was a dreamy sweetness in her countenance, a mystery in the
profound sensibility of her nature, that fascinated beyond all
compare. Her characteristic was not so much the facility of being
impressed, as the excess of the emotion produced by every new idea or
feeling. Was she gay?--her large eyes laughed in their own
brightness, her lovely countenance became radiant with smiles, her
thrilling voice was attuned to lightest mirth, while the gladness that
filled her heart, overflowed from her as light does from the sun,
imparting to all around a share of its own essence. Did sorrow oppress
her?--dark night fell upon her mind, clouding her face, oppressing her
whole person, which staggered and bent beneath the freight. Had she
been susceptible of the stormier passions, her subtle and yielding
soul would have been their unresisting victim--but though impetuous--
wild--the slave of her own sensations, her soft bosom could harbour no
emotion unallied to goodness; and the devouring appetite of her soul,
was the desire of benefiting all around her. Her countenance was the
mirror of her mind. Its outline resembled those we see in Spanish
pictures, not being quite oval enough for a northern beauty. It seemed
widened at the forehead, to give space for her large long eyes, and
the canopy of the darkly fringed and veined lid; her hair was not
black, but of a rich sunny chesnut, finer than carded silk, and more
glossy; her skin was delicate, somewhat pale, except when emotion
suffused it with a deep pink. In person, she was not tall, but softly
rounded; and her taper, rosytipped fingers, and little feet, bespoke
the delicate proportion that moulded her form to a beauty, whose every
motion awakened admiration and love.

With these companions Richard passed the winter. The following spring
brought war still nearer to the English exiles--Baza had fallen: one
of the kings of Granada, surnamed El Zagal, the Valiant, had submitted
to the Spaniards; and now Ferdinand commanded his former ally, Boabdil
el Chico, to deliver up to him proud Granada, the loved city of the
Moors. Poor Boabdil, whose misfortunes had been prophesied at his
birth, and whose whole career had been such as to affix to him the
surname of el Zogoybi, or the Unfortunate, was roused from his state
of opprobrious vassalage by this demand, and followed up his refusal
by an inroad into the Christian country, near Jaen. Count de Tendilla,
a veteran warrior of high reputation and brilliant exploits, commanded
this district. His head quarters were in the impregnable fortress of
Alcala-la-Real itself; and when the cry came, that the Moors had
passed his border, he resolved to stoop from his eagle's eyrie, and to
pounce upon the insolent foe, as they returned from their incursion.
He chose one hundred and fifty men, and lay in ambush for them.
Plantagenet was of the number, and our young warrior also; though with
sage entreaties Edmund, and with tears Madeline, had besought him to
stay. The Count succeeded to his wish--the Moors fell into his toils--
few escaped slaughter or capture: but while the Christian hero exulted
in victory, a messenger, pale with horror, spent with weariness, came
to tell that a band of Moors had taken advantage of his absence, to
fall upon Alcala. Indignation and fury possessed the noble captain: he
left half his troop to protect his spoil, and with the rest, all weary
as they were, he hurried back to Alcala, eager to fall upon the
marauders before they should have secured their prey in a neighbouring
fortress. Edmund and Richard were among the foremost; their rage could
only be calmed by the swiftness with which they returned to deliver or
avenge their friends. The sun was sinking in the west when they
arrived at the foot of the Sierra. At first Tendilla desired that his
wearied troop should repose; but several stragglers among the enemy,
perceiving them, gave the alarm to their comrades, who, laden with
booty, were preparing to depart. Harassed as the Christians were, they
had no choice, while their position, on the lower ground, rendered
their attack very disadvantageous. But nothing could check their fury:
with loud cries and flashing weapons they fell upon the enemy, who
burthened by their prey, and wearied by their very outrages, could ill
resist men fighting to avenge their desolated hearths. Still, so
accustomed to war, so innately brave was every soldier on either side,
that the combat was long and sanguinary. Night, the swift-walking
darkness of the nights of the south, came suddenly upon the
combatants: the casques of the one party, and the turbans of the
other, were scarce perceptible, to guide the scimetar, or to serve as
an aim for the arquebus. The discomfited Moors, leaving their booty,
dispersed along the defiles, and, forgetful of their prisoners,
availed themselves of the obscurity to make good their flight. Alcala
was retaken; and through the shadows of night, husbands and fathers
called aloud on their wives and children to tell them if they were
safe, while many a sound of woman's wail arose over the corpse of him
who had died to save her.

The troop, diminished in number, was drawn up the following morning in
the square of Alcala. "Where," asked the Count, "are my two English
soldiers? I saw the elder leading five others across a steep mountain-
path, so as to fall on the enemy's rear: it was a sage measure, and
succeeded well. Ricardo I beheld contending with two bearded Moors,
who held in their fierce grasp a young and fainting girl. I sent Diego
to his rescue: Diego they say was slain: night prevented me from
knowing more: have both these strangers fallen? I would pay them a
Spaniard's thanks for their aid--a knight's praise for their

Alas! both thanks and praise would have visited their ears coldly.
They had forgotten Tendilla, his troop, the very Christian cause, in
the overwhelming calamity that had befallen them. Assisted by Diego,
who was cut down in the conflict, Richard had delivered Monina; and,
forcing his way through the enemy, now already scattered, clambered
with her in his arms to their mountain abode: he was guided towards it
by the glaring light of the flames that destroyed it. Meanwhile, the
fight still raged; York placed Monina in safety, and returned to share
its perils.

The peace of desolation that came with the morning, united the
cousins; and they sought the ruins of their home, and their miserable
friend, whose broken and harrowing tale recorded how Madeline had
fallen a victim to the savage cruelty of the enemy, as she strove to
defend her daughter from impending slavery.

This was the result of Moorish wars--death and misery. Richard's young
heart had bounded to the sound of trump and clarion; and he returned
to hear the melancholy bell that tolled for death. Their very home was
in ruins; but it was long before, amidst deeper woe, they remembered
to lament the destruction of many papers and hoarded objects, the
relics and the testimonies of Richard's royal descent.


Ah! where are they, who heard in former hours
The voice of song in these neglected bowers?
They are gone!

The chain is loos'd, the sails are spread.
  The living breath is fresh behind;
As with dews and sunrise fed.
  Comes the laughing morning wind.

This was a gloomy lesson for these young and affectionate beings: they
consoled one another, and wept as they consoled. At first Monina
despaired: her ceaseless laments and unassuaged grief appeared to
undermine her very life; but, when she marked the sorrow she
communicated, when she heard Richard exclaim, "Oh! for spring and
battle, when I may avenge Monina's grief or die! Death is a thousand
times preferable to the sight of her woe!" and felt that the fate and
happiness of those about her depended on her fortitude: she forced
smiles back to her lips, and again her sweet eyes beamed, undimmed by

Spring came at last, and with it busy preparation for the siege of
Granada: troop after troop defiled through Alcala, bearing the various
ensigns of the noble, commanders; the Count Tendilla, leaving his
mountain nest, united himself to the regal camp before the devoted
city; Isabella joined her royal husband, accompanied by her children.
Where women looked on the near face of war, even the timid were
inspired to bear arms. The reputation the English warrior youths had
gained, forbade inglorious ease, even had they not aspired with their
whole hearts for renown; yet Plantagenet looked forward with
reluctance to the leading forth his brave, dear cousin to new dangers;
divided between pride in his valour, satisfaction at his thus being
schooled to arms, and terror from the perils to which he would be
exposed in a war, on the side of the enemy, of despair and fury--his
thoughtful eyes rested on the young Prince's glowing cheek, his
unsullied youth; if wound or fatal hurt maimed his fair proportion,
how should he reply to his widowed mother's agony? If, snapt like a
poor flowret, he fell upon the deathstrewn Vega, what tale should he
report to the ardent Yorkists? None! At least he should be pierced
only through him, and Edmund's corse would rampart his heart, even
when he had died to save him.

Thus they again appeared in the Spanish army, and were hailed as among
its ornaments. Whatever desperate enterprize kindled the young
Spaniards to heroic frenzy, found the English pair among their
numbers. At the beginning of the siege, the Moors, few in numbers, and
often defeated, cheated victory of its triumph by various challenges
to single combat, where many a Spaniard fell: their frays resembled,
in the splendour of their armour and their equipments, the stately
ceremonial of the tournaments, but they were deadly in the event.
Ferdinand, sure of victory, and reluctant to expose the noble youth of
his kingdom to needless peril, forbade these duels; and the Moors
enraged, multiplied their insults and their bravadoes, to draw their
enemies to the field; nor lost any opportunity of committing the
defence of their beloved city to the risk of battle, rather than the
slow progress of famine. One memorable engagement took place on
occasion of the visit of Queen Isabella to the hamlet of Zubia, there
to obtain a nearer view of beautiful Granada. The Moors seeing the
Spanish troops in array before their walls, came out to attack them; a
battle was fought under the very eyes of the Queen, wherein it was the
good fortune of Richard to make so gallant a figure, that on the very
spot the Count Tendilla conferred on him the honour of knighthood.

Proud was the young Duke of York, and eager to paint his maiden shield
with worthy device: he was now nearly eighteen, boyish in aspect, yet
well-knit in person, and accustomed to the fatigue of arms. He no
longer burst on his foes, like an untrained dog, seeking only to slay:
there was forethought in his eye, and a most careful selection of
worthy and valorous opponents. Edmund still was to be found within a
javelin's throw of him; but he no longer feared his untaught rashness,
as before he had done.

In July occurred the conflagration of the Christian camp. The day
following, Ferdinand led forth his troops to make a last ravage among
the gardens and orchards, the emerald girdle of Granada. During the
fray, it was the young Duke's chance to throw his javelin so as to
slay on the spot a veteran Moor, whose turban having fallen off,
exposed him thus. His companion in arms, a tall fierce Moslem, rushed
forward to fell the insolent youth: others interposed. Still the Moor
kept his eye upon his boyish foe; a thousand times he threw his dart;
twice or thrice he rushed on him with uplifted scimetar: the battle
raged among the orchardpaths and flowery hedges of the thickly-planted
gardens, and ever some obstruction thwarted the infidel. Plantagenet
had marked his rage and his purpose; he watched him keenly, and the
fierce Gomelez boiled with impatient indignation, as some impediment
for ever baffled his design. His last effort was to fling an arrow,
which stuck in the ground quivering at Richard's feet: a label was
affixed--"Dog and infidel," thus was the cartel worded--"if thou hast
courage, meet me at dawn at the Fountain of Myrtles."

The following morning, at the hour when Plantagenet was wont to see
his cousin, the Prince was absent. Noon approached; the troops reposed
after the battle of the day before, or were employed in clearing the
dark ruins of the camp: some thoughtless project might occupy the
Duke: some excursion to the other side of Granada. The shades of
evening gathered round the lofty towers, and dimmed the prospect of
its Vega: still Richard came not. Sad, anxious night drew near. Edmund
roved through the camp, questioning, seeking; at last, on the morrow
he heard the report, that the previous evening a Cavalier had seen
Almoradi Gomelez issue from a little wood half a league from the city,
and ride towards a postern; that he was galloping up to him, when he
saw the Moor totter in his saddle, and at last fall from his horse:
before succour could come, he died. His last words only spoke of the
Fountain of Myrtles; in agony of spirit, for Gomelez had surely
stricken to death his stripling foe, ere he left the place of combat,
Edmund hurried to the spot: the herbage round the fountain was
trampled and torn, as by horses' hoofs. It was moistened, but not with
water; a bank, thickly overgrown with geraniums, bore the print of a
man's form, but none was there.

Monina had been left in Alcala-la-Real, a prey to fear, to gaze from
the steep summit on the plain, whereon, beyond her sight, was acted
the real drama of her life; to question the wounded, or the messengers
that visited Alcala, and to address prayers to the Virgin, were the
sad varieties of her day. In the midst of this suspense two unexpected
guests visited her abode--her father, and an Irish chieftain; a
Yorkist, who came to lead the Duke from his Spanish abode, to where he
might combat for his lost crown. De Faro had not heard of the death of
Madeline; and with awe his child beheld the tears that bedewed his
rugged cheeks at this sad termination of his ocean-haunting vision. He
embraced his daughter--"Thou wilt not desert me; we will leave this
fated spot: and thou, Monina, will sail for ever with thy father on
the less barbarous sea."

De Faro's companion was named Lord Barry. He was Baron of Buttevant,
in the county of Cork, and allied to the Geraldines, chiefs of that
soil. He had fought at Stoke, and been attainted by Henry; so that he
was forced to wander a banished man. Eager to reinstate himself, every
Yorkist plot numbered him among its warmest partizans. He had for some
time resided either at Paris or at Brussels, where he often held
counsel with Lady Brampton, Weary of delay he at last stole back to
Ireland, to see whether his noble kinsmen there would abet and rise in
favour of the Duke of York. He came away, proud and delighted with his
success: promises of service for the White Rose had been showered on
him--his eloquence and enthusiasm conquered even Lady Brampton. War
also seemed impending between France and England: if that were once
declared, every objection would be obviated. At any rate, the times
seemed so fair, that she agreed with Lord Barry to visit the present
home of the young English Prince; and, as if to further their designs,
Sir Edward Brampton was at that moment requested by the Archduke
Maximilian to undertake a private embassy to Lisbon. Thither they had
sailed, and now, leaving this lady in Portugal, Lord Barry had
continued his voyage to Andalusia, with the intention of returning
again to Lisbon accompanied by the the promise and hope of the House
of York: He met de Faro in the port of Malaga: the name was familiar
to him. They journeyed together to Alcala-la-Real.

Lord Barry was all eagerness that the English Prince should
immediately join Lady Brampton at Lisbon. It was agreed that they
should proceed thither in de Faro's caravel. The mariner abhorred the
name of warfare between Spaniard and Moor; and Madeline's death only
added poignancy to this sensation. He would not look on the siege of
Granada. While the Irish noble and Monina proceeded to the camp to
prepare the cousins, he returned to Malaga to bring round his vessel
to the nearer port of Almeria. Lord Barry and the fair Moor commenced
their journey on the morning of a most burning day; they wound down
the steep declivities of the Sierra, and entered upon the bright
blooming plain. Noon with all its heat approached. They rested under a
grove of mulberries, reposing by a brook, while Lord Barry's horse and
Monina's mule were tied to the nearest shrubs. Slight accidents are
the wires and pullies on which the machinery of our lives hang. Stung
by flies, the noble's horse grew restive, broke his rein, and galloped
away; through the thick shade his master pursued, till tramp of feet
and crackling of branches died on Monina's ear. A quarter of an hour,
half an hour passed, when on her solitude came a Moorish voice, an
exclamation in the name of Allah, and the approach of several men whom
already she painted as enemies. To take to her mule, to ride swiftly
through the grove, was the impulse of her fear; and, when again
silence gave her token of security, she found that she had lost her
way. It was only after many vain attempts that she extricated herself
from the wood, and then perceived that she had wandered from the
direct road to Granada, whose high towers were visible at a distance.
The burning July noonday sun scorched her. Her mule lagged in his
pace. As a last effort she sought a plantation of elms, not far
distant. The grateful murmur of flowing waters saluted her ears as she
approached. For a few minutes more she was exposed to the glaring
sunshine, and then entered the cool umbrage of the trees--the soft
twilight of woven leaves and branches; a fountain rose in the midst,
and she hastened to refresh herself by sprinkling herself with cool
waters. Thus occupied she thought she was alone in this sequestered
nook, when a crash among the underwood startled her; the mule snorted
aloud, and from the brake issued a mare caparisoned with saddle and
bridle. She had lost her rider; yet her distended nostrils, the foam
that flaked her sides, the shiver that made her polished skin quiver,
spoke of recent contest or flight. She looked on her--could it be? She
called her "Daraxa," and the animal recognized her voice; while in
answer to the dreadful surmises that awoke in her heart, a low groan
was heard from the near bank. Turning, she beheld the form of a man
lying on the herbage; not dead, for he groaned again, and then
stirred, as if with returning sense. Quick as lightning she was at his
side; she unlaced his helmet, nor did she need to look at his pallid
countenance to be assured of what she already knew, that Richard of
England lay there, but for her help, expiring. She filled his helm
with water, and sprinkling it over him, he opened his eyes, and
groaning again, strove to clasp his head with his unnerved hand. With
light fairy fingers she released him from his coat of mail, and saw on
his right side a mass of congealed blood, which his faintness had made
cease to flow from his wound. Fearing that it would bleed again as he
revived, she bound it with his scarf and her own veil, and then gave
him water to drink; after which he showed still more certain signs of

It was wonder to him to find himself alive, when already he had
believed the bitterness of death to be passed; still greater wonder
was it to behold his own sweet Monina, like a spirit of good, hovering
over to recover him. He tried to raise himself, and she bent down to
support him, resting his head on her gentle heart; he felt its
beating, and blest her with a thousand soft thanks and endearing
names. Though the wound in his side was deep, yet now that the blood
was staunched, it did not seem dangerous. The immediate cause of his
swoon was a stunning blow on his head, which had beat in the iron of
his helm, but inflicted no further injury. It was long however before
he could move; and the evening shades had made it almost night, before
he could sit his horse and slowly quit the wood. Wishing to conduct
him to where they might find succour, Monina directed his steps to a
village, east of the grove. They had hardly ridden half a mile, when
Richard felt dizzy; he faintly called her to his side--she received
him as he fell, and, supporting him to a bank, called aloud in agony,
in hopes that some wandering soldier or peasant might be near to aid
them. It happened to her wish; several countrymen, who had been
carrying fruit to the Christian camp, passed them--she conjured them
in the Virgin's name, to assist a soldier of the faith, a crusader in
their cause. Such an appeal was sacred in their ears; they contrived,
with the poles and baskets in which they had carried their fruit,
covering them with a part of their habiliments and the saddle-cloths
of the animals, to form a sort of litter on which they placed Richard.
Monina followed on foot, clasping his hand; the men led the horses:
and thus they proceeded up the mountains to a village about two
leagues from Granada, where every house was open to them. The Prince
was permitted to repose in the habitation of the Alcalde, and the deep
sleep into which he soon fell was a dear assurance to his friend's
anxious heart, of the absence of danger, and a promise of speedy

Yet the night that began so well for the patient, wore a less
prosperous appearance towards the conclusion. Monina sat beside his
couch, and perceived with alarm symptoms of pain and fever. According
to the custom of the time, she had acquired some little skill in
surgery; this, when the wound came to be dressed, made her acquainted
with its irritated and dangerous appearance. As the heat of the day
came on, the Prince's sufferings increased. In this little village
there was neither physician nor medicaments necessary for the
emergency; and the place itself, low-built, hedged in by mountains,
and inhabited by peasants only, was ill suited for the patient. She
resolved that he should that night be removed to a town on the eastern
side of the mountains, overlooking the plain bordering the sea. A
litter was prepared; and she, fatigued by her journey, and by long and
painful solicitude, yet walked beside it, listening to his low
breathing, catching the smallest sound he made in complaint or
questioning. Before she quitted the village, she employed a peasant to
seek Plantagenet, and convey to him intelligence of the actual state
of his friends.

After three days of fear and anxious care, the wound began to heal,
and Richard became convalescent. Who could tell, during the long hours
that composed those days and nights, the varying emotions that
agitated poor Monina? That he should die, was a thought in which, in
its extent and reality, she never indulged; but an awful fear of what
of suffering the coming hours might produce, never for a moment slept
within her. She spent long intervals of time kneeling by his couch--
her soft fingers on his pulse, counting the rapid vibration--her cool
hand alone tempered the burning of his brow; and often, supported by
her, he slept, while she remained in the same position, immovable. The
very pain this produced was a pleasure to her, since it was endured
for him who was the idol of her innocent and pure thoughts; she almost
lamented when he no longer needed her undivided attention: the hours
she gave to repose came like beggars following in a procession of
crowned heads; they were no longer exalted by being devoted to him.

After the lapse of three anxious days he grew rapidly better, and at
evening-tide enjoyed at the open casement the thrilling sweetness of
the mountain air. How transporting and ineffable are the joys of
convalescence!--the calm of mind--the voluptuous languor--the
unrebuked abandonment to mere pleasurable sensation--the delight that
every natural object imparts, fill those hours with a dream-like,
faint ecstacy, more dear to memory than tumultuous joy. Monina sat
near him, and it was dangerous for their young hearts thus to be
united and alone in a fairy scene of beauty and seclusion. Monina's
ardent spirit was entranced by delight at his recovery; no thought of
self mingled with the single idea that he was saved--saved for youth,
for happiness, and for his long-lost rights. Darkness crept around
them, the clumps of chesnut trees grew more massy and indistinct--the
fire-fly was alive among the defiles of the hills--the bat wheeled
round their humble dwelling--the heavy-winged owl swept with huge
flapping wings out of the copse. "Are ye here?" were the first sounds
that broke the silence; it was the voice of Edmund. Monina sprung up,
and glad to disburthen her full heart, welcomed with an embrace this
beloved friend. "Guardian angel of our lives," he cried; "you are
destined at all times to save us!" Dear, soothing expressions, which
then formed the joy, long afterwards the master-impulse of her fervent
and devoted spirit.

Each told their tale; the one of hazard and mischance, the other of
agonizing inquietude. For Richard, Edmund had feared; but when,
wearied, terrified, and in despair, Lord Barry had brought
intelligence of Monina's disappearance from the streamlet's side where
he had left her, and of a distant view he had caught of Moorish
horsemen who took refuge in Granada--heaven seemed at once to empty on
him its direst curses, and his fate was sealed with misery for ever.

The peasant dispatched by Monina had delayed; not for three days did
he deliver her letter to Plantagenet, who still, trembling in
recollection of his past terror, and what might have been the ultimate
event of the Prince's wound, departed on the moment for--.

And now farewell to Spain! to romantic Spain, to Moorish and Christian
combat, to the gay fields of the Vega, to the sunny mountains of
Andalusia! De Faro's caravel, true to its appointment, arrived at
Almeria. They embarked; their immediate destination was Lisbon; but
their thoughts were fixed on the promised termination of their
wanderings. Soon they would bend their course far away to the islands
of the turbid Northern sea, where nature veils herself in clouds,
where war assumes a sterner aspect, and the very virtues of the
inhabitants grow stubborn and harsh from the struggle they make to be
enabled to bear the physical ills of existence.

Farewell to Spain! to boyhood's feats, to the light coursing of
shadows as he ran a race with the swift-footed hours. A kingdom calls
for Richard! the trials of life attend him, the hope of victory, the
fortitude of well-endured defeat.


To England if you will!

A thousand recollections and forgotten thoughts revived in Richard's
bosom when he saw his childhood's friend, the Lady Brampton. He was
reminded of his sufferings in the Tower, of his noble cousin Lincoln,
of her maternal tenderness, when under her care he quitted the gloomy
fortress, his brother Edward's tomb. His mother's last embrace again
thrilled through his frame, and Lovel's parting blessing: what sad
changes had chanced since last he saw her! Sad in all, but that he,
then a boy, had sprung up into the riper age of youthful prowess.

Even with the banished Prince we must recur to the state of affairs in
the north of Europe. The French king, Charles the Eighth, had directed
all his attempts to the subjugation of Britany, which was now under
the dominion of the youthful Anne, its orphan Duchess. The English
nation espoused her cause, watched with jealousy and indignation the
progress of the French arms, and clamoured loudly for war in her
support. Henry, on the contrary, was obstinately bent upon peace,
though he took advantage of his subjects' appetite for war, to foist
subsidies upon them, which were no sooner collected than his armaments
were disbanded, and an ambassador, sent on a mission of peace, was
substituted for the herald ready apparelled for defiance. This could
not last for ever. French policy triumphed in the marriage of Charles
the Eighth with Anne of Britany; and that duchy became finally annexed
to the crown of France. England was roused to indignation: the King,
forced to listen to their murmurs, promised to invade the rival
kingdom the following spring: a benevolence was granted him; all his
acts tended to the formation of an expedition, which was the best hope
of York.

Lord Barry was urgent against delay, while the English partizans
wished that Richard's landing in Ireland, and Henry's in France,
should be consentaneous. Nay, they had deeper views. Ireland, since
Simnel's defeat, appeared but a forlorn hope, and they fostered the
expectation of being able to make England itself the scene of their
first attempt, so soon as its king should be fairly engaged in
hostilities on the other side of the channel. The Duke himself, eager
as he was to begin his career, warmly supported this project;
communication with the North was slow meanwhile, and months wore
away--not fruitlessly. Richard gained in every way by the delay; his
knowledge of English affairs grew clearer; his judgment formed; his
strength, weakened by the events of the summer, was restored during
the repose and salubrious coolness of the winter months.

Accident furthered their designs: a visitor arrived from England, who
brought with him accounts so encouraging, that hope blossomed into
certainty in the hearts of the warm-hearted followers of York. But ere
we introduce this new and seemingly important personage, we must
return awhile to England, to speak of Henry's suspicions, his fears,
his artful policy.

All that Frion had achieved through his abortive attempt, had been but
to ascertain the existence of the Duke of York, and to spread still
wider the momentous secret; so that Henry, suspicious and irritated,
received him on his return with anger, resenting his failure as the
result of treachery. Frion had been dismissed: and now years passed
over, without the occurrence of any circumstances that spoke of the
orphan heir of the English crown. The King brooded over the secret,
but spoke of it to no one. The royal youth grew to his imagination, as
in reality he did, passing from boyhood to almost man's estate. Yet,
when Henry reflected on the undisturbed state he had enjoyed for
years, on the firmness with which he was seated on the throne, and the
strong hold he had acquired through the lapse of time on his subjects'
minds, he sometimes thought that even Richard's friends would advise
him to continue in an obscurity, which was, at least, void of danger.
Nevertheless, whenever there had been a question of attacking France,
the feeling that his rival was ready to come forward, and that,
instead of a war of invasion, he might have to fight for his own
crown, increased his unwillingness to enter on the contest.

Now rumours were afloat--none knew whence they came, from France or
Ireland--of the existence of King Edward's younger son, and that he
would speedily appear to claim his succession. Henry, who was
accustomed to tamper with spies and informers, was yet the last to
hear of a circumstance so nearly affecting his interests. The name of
Lady Brampton at length reached him, as being abroad on a secret and
momentous expedition. This name had made a considerable figure in
Richard Simon's confessions; it was connected with Lincoln, Lovel, the
Dowager Queen, all whom the Tudor feared and hated. Yet he paused
before he acted; his smallest movement might rouse a torpid foe: he
only increased his vigilance; and, from past experience knowing that
to be the weak point, he dispatched emissaries to Ireland, to learn if
any commotion was threatened, any tale rife there, that required his
interference. As the time approached, when it was expected that the
English Prince would declare himself, the policy of his friends
greatly changed; and, far from maintaining their former mysterious
silence, the circumstance of his abode in Spain, and the expectation
of his speedy appearance in Ireland, made, during the winter of 1491-
92, a principal topic among such of the native nobility as the Earl of
Desmond had interested in his cause. Henry's spies brought him tidings
beyond his fears; and he saw that the struggle was at hand, unless he
could arrest the progress of events. Meanwhile, he continued to defer
his war with France; he felt that that would be the signal for his
enemy's attack.

As he reflected on these things, a scheme developed itself in his
mind, on which he resolved to act. The enemy was distant, obscure,
almost unknown; were it possible to seize upon his person where he
then was, to prevent his proposed journey to Ireland, to prepare for
him an unsuspected but secure prison--no cloud would remain to mar his
prospect; and, as to the boy himself, he could hope for nothing better
than his cousin Warwick's fate, unless he had preferred, to the
hazardous endeavour of dethroning his rival, a private and innocuous
life in the distant clime where chance had thrown him. This was to be
thought of no more: already he was preparing for the bound, but ere he
made it he must be crushed for ever.

In those times, when recent civil war had exasperated the minds of men
one against the other, it was no difficult thing for a Lancastrian
King to find an instrument willing and fitting to work injury against
a Yorkist. During Henry's exile in Britany, he had become acquainted
with a man, who had resorted to him there for the sole purpose of
exciting him against Richard the Third; he had been a favourite page
of Henry the Sixth, he had waited on his son, Edward, Prince of Wales,
that noble youth whose early years promised every talent and virtue;
he had idolized the heroic and unhappy Queen Margaret. Henry died a
foul death in the Tower; the gracious Edward was stabbed at
Tewkesbury; the royal Margaret had given place to the widow Woodville;
while, through the broad lands of England, the sons of York rioted in
the full possession of her wealth. Meiler Trangmar felt every success
of theirs as a poisoned arrow in his flesh--he hated them, as the
mother may hate the tiger, whose tusks are red with the life-blood of
her first-born--he hated them, not with the measured aversion of a
warlike foe, but the dark frantic vehemence of a wild beast deprived
of its young. He had been the father of three sons; the first had died
at Prince Edward's feet, ere he was taken prisoner; another lost his
head on the scaffold; the third--the boy had been nurtured in hate,
bred amid dire curses and bitter imprecations, all levelled against
Edward the Fourth and his brothers--his mind had become distorted by
the ill food that nurtured it--he brooded over the crimes of these
men, till he believed that he should do a good deed in immolating them
to the ghosts of the murdered Lancastrians. He attempted the life of
the King--was seized--tortured to discover his accomplices: he was
tortured, and the father heard his cries beneath the dread instrument,
to which death came as a sweet release. Real madness for a time
possessed the unhappy man, and when reason returned, it was only the
dawn of a tempestuous day, which rises on the wrecks of a gallant
fleet and its crew, strewn on the dashing waves of a stormy sea. He
dedicated himself to revenge; he had sought Henry in Britany; he had
fought at Bosworth, and at Stoke. The success of his cause, and the
peace that followed, was at first a triumph, at last almost a pain to
him. He was haunted by memories which pursued him like the hell-born
Eumenides; often he uttered piercing shrieks, as the scenes, so
pregnant with horror, recurred too vividly to his mind. The priests,
to whom he had recourse as his soul's physicians, counselled him the
church's discipline; he assumed the Franciscan habit, but found sack-
cloth and ashes no refuge from the greater torture of his mind. This
man, in various ways, had been recalled to Henry's mind, and now he
selected him to effect his purpose.

To any other he would have feared to entrust the whole secret; but the
knowledge that the destined victim was the son and rightful heir of
King Edward, would add to his zealous endeavours to crush him. Besides
that Trangmar had a knowledge of the fact, from having been before
employed to extract in his priestly character this secret from a
Yorkist, Sir George Nevil, who had been entrusted by Sir Thomas
Broughton. Every thing yielded in this wretch's mind to his hatred of
York; and he scrupled not to hazard his soul, and betray the secrets
of the confessional. Nevil fortunately was informed in time of the
danger that menaced him, and had fled; while Trangmar, thunderstruck
by the magnitude of his discovery, hastened to reveal it to the King.
It were long to detail each act of the crafty sovereign, and his
scarcely human tool. By his order, the friar introduced himself to the
Dowager Queen, at Bermondsey, with a plausible tale, to which she, in
spite of her caution, was induced to give ear, and entrusted a message
by him, as he said that he was on his way to Spain, to seek and exhort
to action the dilatory Prince. He then departed. Henry had rather to
restrain than urge his furious zeal. The scheme projected, was, that
Richard should be entrapped on board a vessel, and brought with
secrecy and speed to England, where he might be immured for life in
some obscure castle in Wales. Trangmar promised that either he would
accomplish this, or that the boy should find a still more secret
prison, whence he could never emerge to disturb the reign of Henry, or
put in jeopardy the inheritance of his son.

Such was the man who, in the month of April, 1492, following Lady
Brampton's steps, arrived at Lisbon, and found to his wish the Prince
there also, and easy access afforded him to his most secret counsels.
He brought letters from the Dowager Queen, and some forged ones from
other partizans of York, inviting the Prince without application to
any foreign sovereigns, or aid from distant provinces, at once to
repair to England, and to set up his standard in the midst of his
native land, where, so these letters asserted, the Earl of Surrey, and
many other powerful lords anxiously awaited him. All this accorded too
well with the wishes of the little conclave not to ensure assent; nay,
more, when Trangmar urged the inexpediency of the Duke's being
accompanied by such notorious Yorkists as Plantagenet and Lady
Brampton; it was suddenly agreed that Richard should embark on board a
merehantman, to sail with the next fair wind for England, while his
friends dispersed themselves variously for his benefit. De Faro, in
his caravel, was to convey Lord Barry to Cork. Plantagenet resolved to
visit the Duchess of Burgundy, at Brussels. Lady Brampton departed for
the court of France, to engage the King at once to admit young
Richard's claim, and aid him to make it good. "You, sweet, will bear
me company;" and Monina, her whole soul--and her eyes expressed that
soul's devotion to Richard's success--remembered starting, that the
result of these consultations was to separate her from her childhood's
companion, perhaps for ever. As if she had tottered on the brink of a
precipice, she shuddered; but all was well again. It was not to be
divided from the Prince, to remain with Lady Brampton, to proceed to
Paris with her; on his earliest triumph to make a part of it, and to
join his court in London. All these words, king, victory, and court,
wove a golden tissue before the ardent girl's eyes; she had not yet

"Lifted the painted veil, which men call life;"

as a child who chases the glories of the west, she knew not that night
was falling upon her, while still she fancied that she advanced
towards the ever-retreating splendour of the sky.

Lady Brampton and Plantagenet trembled, as they committed their
beloved charge to other hands; they importuned Trangmar with their
injunctions--their entreaties, their thousand last words of care and
love--the Friar heard, and smiled assent to all. Monina had need of
all her courage for the hour, which she knew not that she dreaded till
it came. He was going; the truth flashed suddenly upon her--he, from
whom since childhood she had scarcely been absent for a day. So blind
had she been to her own sensations, that it was not until he leaped
into the boat, and put off from shore, that she became aware of the
overwhelming tide of grief, disquiet, almost of despair, that
inundated her heart. Where was her gaiety, her light etherial spirit,
flown? Why lagged the hours thus? Why did ceaseless reverie seem her
only refuge from intolerable wretchedness?

She had one other solace; she was still with his friends, whose whole
thoughts were spent upon him; his name enriched their discourse; the
chances of his voyage occupied their attention. Little knew they the
strange and tragic drama that was acting on board the skiff that bore
afar the idol of their hopes.


This Friar boasteth that he knoweth hell.
And God it wot that is but litel wonder;
Friars and fiends ben but litel asonder.

Richard meanwhile sailed fearlessly, with treachery for his nearest
mate. Trangmar had at once exhibited audacity and prudence in the
arrangement of his plan. He had made no great preparation, nor
confided to any the real object of his intents. His only care had
been, that the Duke should sail on board an English vessel; and chance
had brought into the Tagus one whose captain was inclined to the party
of Lancaster. He also contrived to have two hirelings of his own
engaged on board as part of the crew, who knew that it was their
employers design to carry to England a prisoner for the King. He was
besides provided with a warrant from Henry, empowering him to seize on
his rebel subject--the name a blank, for the Monk to fill up--alive or
dead. The paper ran thus; so, in case of struggle, to afford warranty
for his darker purpose.

Richard was now a prisoner. The vessel belonging to any country is a
portion of that country; and the deck of this merchantman was
virtually a part of the British soil. The Prince, not heeding his
position, was so far from fearing his enemy's power, that he felt glad
to find himself among his countrymen. He looked on the weather-beaten
countenances of the honest sailors, and believed that he should find
friends and partizans in all. He spoke to Trangmar of his purpose of
declaring himself, and gaining them over; making this tiny offshoot of
wide England his first conquest. Trangmar had not anticipated this. He
was ignorant of the versatile and active spirit of the youth with whom
he had to deal; nor had he, by putting himself in imagination in the
Prince's place, become aware how the project of acquiring his own was
his sleepless incentive to every action, and how he saw in every event
a stepping stone in the prosecution of his enterprize. He started at
the proposal, and in his own heart said, "I must lose no time; that
which I thought to do next week, were better done to-morrow." With
Richard he argued against this measure: he showed how the captain was
bound to the present English government by his fortunes; how far more
likely it was that, instead of gaining him and his crew, he would be
made a prisoner by them, and delivered up to his enemy. Richard lent
no great credence to this, but he yielded to the authority of the
elder and the priest.

It was not in the power of his wily adversary to prevent him from
ingratiating himself in the hearts of all around him. Besides his
gentleness, his unaffected sympathy, and noble demeanour, his gay and
buoyant spirit was congenial to the reckless sailors, who, during the
dead calm that succeeded their first day's sail after quitting the
Tagus, were glad of amusement to diversify their monotonous lives. He
interceded with their captain when any fault was committed; he learned
their private histories, promised his assistance, and scattered money
among them. Sometimes he called them around him to teach him their
art, discoursing about the stars, the magnet, the signs of the
weather; he climbed the shrouds, handled the ropes, became an adept in
their nautical language. At other times he listened to tales of
dreadful shipwrecks and sailors' hardships, and recounted in turn de
Faro's adventures. This made them talk of the new African discoveries,
and descant on the wild chimeras, or sage conclusions of Columbus,
who, at last, it was said, was to be sent by the sovereigns of Spain
in quest of the western passage to India, over the slant and boundless
Atlantic. All this time, with flapping sails, they lay but at a short
distance off the mouth of the Tagus; and Trangmar, impatient of delay,
yet found it prudent to postpone his nefarious purpose.

After the calm had continued for nearly a week, signs of bad weather
manifested themselves; squalls assailed the ship, settling at last in
a gale, which grew into a tempest. Their little vessel was decked, yet
hardly able to resist the lashing waves of the Bay of Biscay. A leak,
which had shewn itself even during the calm, increased frightfully;
the men were day and night employed at the pumps, exposed to the
beating rain, and to the waves, which perpetually washed the deck,
drenching their clothes and bedding; each hour the wind became more
furious; dark water-spouts dipping into the boiling sea, and churning
it to fury, swept past them, and the steep sides of the mountain-high
billows were ready at every moment to overwhelm them. Their tiny bark,
which in these days would scarcely receive a more dignified name than
a skiff, was borne as a leaf on the stream of the wind, its only
safety consisting in yielding to its violence. Often at the worst the
men despaired. The captain himself, frightened at the danger, and,
strange inconsistency, still more fearful of the ruin that must attend
him if his vessel were wrecked, lost all presence of mind. The Prince
displayed meanwhile all his native energy; he commanded the men, and
they obeyed him, looking on him as a superior being; when, by
following his orders, the progress of the leak was checked, and the
tost bark laboured less among the surges. "Sailors have short
prayers," he said; "but if they are sincere ones, the Saints will not
the less intercede for us before God. Join me, my men, in a pious vow.
I swear by our Lady's precious name, to walk barefoot to her nearest
shrine the first land we touch, and there to make a gift of incense
and candles at her altar. This, if we escape; if not, here is Father
Meiler, a holy Franciscan, to give us short shrift; so that, like
devout Catholics, we may recommend our souls to the mercy of Jesus.
And now to the pump, the ropes; bring me a hatchet, our mast must

Three days and nights they worked unremittingly; the lull that then
succeeded was followed by another tempest, and the exhausted mariners
grew desperate. They had been borne far into the Atlantic, and now the
wind shifting, drove them with the same fury into the Bay of Biscay.
Every moment in expectation of death, the heart of Trangmar softened
towards his victim in spite of himself; he was forced to admire his
presence of mind, his unvanquishable courage; his light, yet gentle
spirit, which made him bear up under every difficulty, yet pity those
who sunk beneath, cheering them with accents at once replete with
kindness and fearless submission to the decree of Providence. Feeling
the crew bound to him as his natural subjects, he extended towards
them a paternal love, and felt called upon to guard and save them.
After, for a fortnight, they had thus been the sport of the elements,
the gale decreased; the violent breakers subsided into one long swell,
which bore them into a sheltered cove, in the wild coast that
surrounds the Bay of Biscay. The men disembarked, the vessel was drawn
up; all hands were employed in unlading and repairing her. "Ye do
ill," said Richard; "do you not remember our vow? Doubtless some
village is near which contains a shrine where we may pay it."

This piety was in accord with the spirit of the times, and the men
rebuked, revered still more the youth who had saved them in danger,
and who now in safety, paid, with religious zeal, the debt incurred
towards their heavenly patroness. A little village lay secluded near
the creek, and above it, on a high rock, was a chapel dedicated to
Saint Mary of the Ascension, erected by a noble, who had vowed such
offering, on escaping, as the Prince of England had, from death on
those perilous seas. Bare-headed, bare-footed, bearing lights,
following the Franciscan who led the way, the crew of the St. George
proceeded towards the shrine. Next to the blessed Virgin, Richard
claimed their gratitude; and after due Aves had been said at the
altar, still in the sacred place they gathered round him, offering
their property and their lives, imploring him to accept from them some
pledge of their thankfulness. The heart of the outcast sovereign
swelled within him. "I reign here, in their breasts I reign," was the
thought that filled his bright eyes with a dew springing from the
fullness of his soul; with a smile of triumph, he looked towards
Father Meiler, as if to appeal to his judgment, whether now he might
not declare himself, and claim these men's allegiance. He was startled
by the dark and even ferocious expression of Trangmar's countenance.
His coarse brown Franciscan dress, belted in by a rope; the cowl
thrown back, displaying the monkish tonsure; the naked feet; these
were symbols of humility and Christian virtue in strong contrast with
the deep lines of his face, and the glare of his savage eyes: he met
the glance of his victim, and became confused, while the Prince in
wonder hastened to ask what strange thoughts occupied him, painting
his visage with every sign of fierce passion.

"I was thinking," said Trangmar, hesitating, "I was deliberating,
since God has cast us back on the land, whether it were not wiser to
continue our journey through France, bidding farewell to the perils of
the ocean sea?"

"That will I not," cried the Prince. "Father Meiler, I watched you
during the storm; you acted no coward's part then; why do you now?"

"When danger is near, I can meet it as a man of courage," said
Trangmar; "When it is far, I can avoid it like a prudent one."

"A good clerical distinction, fit for a monk," replied the Duke; "but
I, who am a Cavalier, Father, love rather to meet danger, than to
avoid it like a woman or a priest."

"Insulting boy!" cried Meiler; "dare you taunt me with cowardice? That
I was a soldier ere I was a monk, some of your race dearly rued!"

Before these words were fully uttered, Trangmar recollected himself;
his voice died away, so that his last expression was inaudible. The
Duke only beheld his burst of passion, and sudden suppression of it,
and said gently:--"Pardon me, Father, it is my fault that you forgot
the respect due to me. I forgot the reverence meet from youth to age,
most meet from a sinful boy to a holy monk."

"I thank your Highness," said the Friar, "for recalling to my memory a
truth that had half escaped it. Henceforth be assured that I will not
forget that you are the undoubted offspring of the Earl of March--of
Edward of England."

Fate thus urged this wicked and miserable man to his fiendlike
purpose. Awakened again to deadly vengeance, he resolved to delay no
longer; to trust no more to chance: he saw now all the difficulties of
his former scheme of taking his enemy a prisoner to England; and this
soothed his conscience as he recurred to more fatal designs. During
the short delay that intervened before they again put out to sea, he
watched an opportunity, but found none. At length they weighed anchor;
and, with a favourable wind, bore down the coast of France. The time
was come he surely thought: for during this long voyage he could frame
an opportunity; during some dark night, when the ship sailed cheerily
before a fair breeze, he would engage the Prince in engrossing talk
concerning the conduct he should pursue when in England, taking
advantage of his victim's incautiousness to allure him near the brink,
and then push him overboard. His single strength was more than a match
for his slight adversary; but to render his scheme doubly sure, he
would have the two men in his pay near him, to assist in the case of
struggle, and vouch for his innocence if he were accused of foul play.

It is the fortune of those hurried into crime by violent passion, that
they can seldom find accomplices as wicked as themselves. Thus was it
with Trangmar. The men whose assistance he relied upon, the enthusiasm
of their fellow-sailors for their noble passenger. After they had
again set sail, the wind blowing gently from the south, bore them
onwards with a favourable navigation, till, shifting a few points
eastward, it began to freshen. It was then, that the Franciscan, not
wholly betraying his purpose, but hinting that their presence would be
necessary, ordered his men to contrive that the rest of the crew
should be below, and they near at hand, while he that night should be
alone with Richard upon deck. One of the men replied by stoutly
declaring that if any evil was threatened the Prince, he would not be
a party in it. "You possess King Henry's warrant," he said, "to make
this Fitzroy a prisoner. I will not oppose his Majesty's command. You
have him safely; what would you more?"

The other apparently yielded an assent to his employer's commands, and
then found a speedy opportunity to warn Richard of his danger. A veil
fell from the Prince's eyes. "Surely I knew this before," he thought;
"ever since I was in Saint Mary's chapel, I must have known that this
dastard monk was my enemy. I am indeed betrayed, alone, friendless, on
board an English vessel, surrounded by an English crew. Now let the
trial be made, whether simple honesty be not of more avail than
cruelty and craft. But first let me fathom the full intention of this
man, and learn whether he have a worse design than that of delivering
me over defenceless to my adversary. It cannot be that he would really
murder me."

The breeze had rather sunk towards sunset, but it arose again with the
stars; the vessel's prow struck against the light waves, and danced
gaily on through the sea. One man stood at the helm; another, one of
the Friar's hirelings, loitered near; the other kept out of the way.
Still, beneath the thousand stars of cloudless night, the little bark
hurried on, feeling the freshening of the wind; her larboard beam was
deep in the water, and close at the deck's leeward edge, Meiler and
his intended victim paced. One thoughtless boy, high among the
shrouds, whistled in answer to the winds. There was at once solitude
and activity in the scene. "This is the hour," thought Richard;
"surely if man's sinful heart was ever touched with remorse, this
man's may now. God's throne, visible in all its beauty above us--
beneath, around, the awful roaring waters, from which we lately so
miraculously escaped." He began to speak of England, of his mother, of
the hopes held out to him by his companion; eager in his desire of
winning a traitor to the cause of truth, he half forgot himself, and
then started to find that, ever as he walked, his companion got him
nearer to the brink of the slant, slippery deck. Seized with horror at
this manifestation of the worst designs, yet scarcely daring to credit
his suspicions, he suddenly stopt, seizing a rope that swung near, and
steadying himself by winding his arm round it, an act that escaped his
enemy's observation, for, as he did it, he spoke: "Do you know, Father
Meiler, that I suspect and fear you. I am an inexperienced youth, and
if I am wrong, forgive me; but you have changed towards me of late,
from the kind friend you once were. Strange doubts have been
whispered: do you reply to them. Are you my friend, or are you a
treacherous spy?--the agent of the noble Yorkists, or Henry Tudor's
hireling murderer?"

As he spoke the Friar drew still nearer, and the Prince recoiled
further from him: he got on the sheer edge of the deck. "Rash boy!"
cried Trangmar, "know that I am no hireling: sacred vengeance pricks
me on! Son of the murderer! tell me, where is sainted Henry? where
Prince Edward? where all the noble martyrs of his cause? Where my
brave and lost sons? There, even where thou shalt be: quick, look
back, thy grave yawns for thee!"

With the words he threw himself furiously on the Prince: the stripling
sprung back with all the force lent him by the rope he held, and
pushed at the same time Trangmar violently from him, as he cried aloud
on the sailors, "What, ho! treason is among us!" A heavy splash of the
falling Meiler answered his call: the strong man was cast down in his
very pride; the waters divided, and sucked him in. In a moment the
crew were on deck; Trangmar's hireling, scared, cried out, "He is King
Henry's prisoner! seize him!" thus increasing the confusion. The
friar, his garments floating, now appeared struggling among the waves;
a rope was thrown to him; the vessel sped on meanwhile, and it fell
far short; Richard, horror-struck, would have leapt in to save his
enemy; but the time was gone. One loud shriek burst on the ear of
night, and all was still; Trangmar, his misery, his vengeance, and his
crimes lay buried in the ocean's hoary caves.

What explanation could follow this tremendous incident? The Prince
spoke of his life attacked; the men of the warrant their master had
for his seizure: what was his crime none knew; "That will I declare
freely," said the royal youth; "that unhappy man has sealed my truth
by his death. In my childhood I was nurtured in a palace, and bore the
title of the Duke of York. Edward the Fourth was my father, Edward the
Fifth my brother."

"Why this is foulest treason," cried the trembling captain.

"Aye, or fairest loyalty; speak, my friends; which of you will lay
hands on your liege, on Richard the Fourth of England?"

The reckless and ignorant sailors, riotously and with one acclaim,
swore to die for him; but their commander shuddered at the peril that
beset him: while his men were hanging round their idolized Prince, he
retired with his mate to lament the ugly chance of Trangmar's death,
and to express terror at the very name of York. If the captain was a
coward-friend of Tudor, the mate was a sturdy Lancastrian; he
recommended his chief to seize the boy, and convey him a welcome gift
to his sovereign; the clamours of the delighted crew showed that this
was vain advice. He had said to them, with all the ingenuousness of
youth, "My life is in your hands, and I know that it is safe." Yet,
when they spoke of seizing their unwilling commander, and of
delivering the vessel in his hands, he said, "My good friends, I will
not make lawless acts the stepping-stones to my throne; it is grief
enough for me that my young hands have unwittingly destroyed the life
of one who, not as an armed knight, but in holy garb set himself
against me. I myself will persuade your captain to do me all the
service I require."

This poor man was willing enough to hear what he called reason; at
first he would fain have entreated Richard to suffer himself to be
carried a prisoner to England; and, when he found his discourse vain,
he yielded timid obedience to York's wishes, in spite of the lowering
brow of his mate: thus, at least, his cargo would be saved, and his
crew preserved from mutiny. Richard simply requested to be set on
shore in Cork harbour, suddenly relinquishing every thought of
England, now that he saw the treachery that awaited him there, and
recurring to the former plans of Lord Barry. In Ireland, in the county
of the Desmonds, he should find friends, adherents, almost prepared
for his arrival; and there also, if Barry forgot not his promise, this
staunch partizan would speedily join him; the captain gladly assented
to any project, that did not force him to land this dangerous
pretender on the English shores.

For one week they ran before the wind; and Ireland, far and low, was
discernible on the horizon; the dear land of promise to the weary
exile, the betrayed, but high-hearted Prince: during this short
navigation it had required all his fortitude to banish from his mind
the image of the friar struggling in the waves, of a man precipitated
in the very act of crime "unhouseled, unanointed, unannealed," into
the life-quenching waters. Besides all other expectations, Richard
longed to get on shore, that in a confessional he might lift this
burthen of involuntary guilt from his soul.

At length the iron-bound coast was right a-head; the ponderous rocky
jaws of the creek were open, and they sailed up Passage, past
beautiful and woody islands, under forest-crowned hills, till they
cast anchor before the picturesque and hill-set city of Cork, whose
quay was crowded by multitudes, gazing on the newly-arrived vessel.

The Duke of York stood on the prow of his skiff, reflecting on the
first step he ought to take. He knew little of Ireland, and that
little had been gleaned from Lord Barry: he heard from him of its
warlike chiefs, its uncivilized septs, and English settlers, scarce
less wild, and quite as warlike as its aboriginal inhabitants. He
called to mind the names most familiar to him--the Earl of Kildare,
abettor of Simnel, pardoned by Henry, and continued in his office of
Lord Deputy; the Earl of Desmond, whom Lord Barry had particularly
interested in his favour, who affected the state of an Irish
chieftain, or rather king, and who, in his remote abode in Munster,
disdained to attend the Dublin parliament, or to make one of the
lawful governors of the land. Other names he remembered of less note:
Plunket, the Lord Chief Justice, whom, with infinite reluctance, Henry
had pardoned; Keating, Prior of Kilmainham, who had been constable of
Dublin Castle, and who, ejected from his office after the battle of
Stoke, had saved himself by flight, and was now concealed in an Abbey
near Buttevant. Much however of what he had heard, escaped his memory;
and he stood on the threshold of this unknown land, vainly seeking in
his recollection for the dim and shadowy forms, which were to guide
him in the new and unexplored world before him. Another reflection
also presented itself: Lord Barry had quited Ireland the year before,
and communication there had been none since then--was Kildare still
Deputy? did incursions of the natives, or turbulence among themselves,
occupy the Lords of the Pale? Should he find a band of nobles and
their followers ready to assist him, or the motley population of a
barbarous wild, whose sole ideas were internal struggles for power,
whose watch-words for enterprize were names and things in which he had
no portion?

In a hurried manner, York resolved on his plan of action. He had, on
their approach to land, arrayed himself in gay and rich apparel. The
Spain from which he came was parent of this act: there embroidery,
housings inlaid with gold, and arms encrusted with jewels, formed the
pride of the high-born Cavaliers. He stood prepared to land; he
thanked the captain for his enforced courtesy; he held out his hand to
the crew who gathered round him with their prayers and blessings. "My
own!" was his first thought as he set his foot on shore: "Hail, realm
of my fathers! Hear the vow of the fugitive who claims your sway!
Justice, mercy, and paternal love, are the gifts with which I will
repay your obedience to my call; your submission to my rule."

"Heave the anchor, and away!" thus spoke the captain of the craft he
had left.

"For England; to warn our king of this springal's insolent
presumption;" said the mate.

"To any quarter of the wide world, save England," replied the timid
captain: "Would you have me run my neck into the noose for not having
clapped under hatches this mercurial spark? Master mate, learn from an
old sailor, that the best you can do with kings and grandees, is to
have nought to do with them."


  Then Paridell, in whom a kindly pride
  Of gracious speech, and skill his words to frame
  Abounded, being glad of so fit tide
Him to commend to them, thus spake, of all well eyed.

Cork was an asylum for civilization in the centre of a savage
district. The cautious burghers, made wealthy by trade, and ever in
fear of incursions from the surrounding septs, kept the strictest
guard upon their city, as if they had a continual siege laid to it.
They forbade all intercourse or intermarriage between those within and
without the walls, till every citizen became linked together by some
sort of kindred. It is true, that the country around was peopled to a
great degree by English lords; but they were the degenerate English,
as they were styled, who imitated the state and independance of the
native chiefs. Such was the Earl of Desmond, of the family of the
Geraldines, who ruled as a king over Munster, and with whom the
Barrys, the De Courcys, the Barretts, and the Mac Carthys, Mac
Swineys, and other native chiefs, were connected by marriage, or
struggling with him for "Chieferie" in the mutable chance of war.

There was no appearance of timidity in the frank and assured aspect of
the unfriended adventurer, as without entering the city, but merely
passing through its suburbs, he proceeded to the cathedral church. It
was twelve o'clock on the twenty-fourth of June, the feast of Saint
John the Baptist; and high mass was celebrating. The Duke of York
entered the church--his soul was filled with pious gratitude for his
escape from the dangers of the sea, and the craft of his enemies; and,
as he knelt, he made a vow to his sainted Patroness, the Virgin, to
erect a church on the height which first met his eyes as he approached
shore, and to endow a foundation of Franciscans--partly, because of
all monkish orders they chiefly venerate her name, partly to atone for
his involuntary crime in the death of Meiler Trangmar, who wore that
habit. The appearance of this young, silken-suited, and handsome
Cavalier, drew the eyes of Erin's blue-eyed daughters:--the men
whispered together that he must be some Spanish grandee or English
noble; but wherefore, unannounced and unattended, he came and knelt in
their church before the shrine of Saint Finbar, was matter of vague
conjecture. The congregation passed out; then, impelled by curiosity,
formed a wide semicircle round the gates of the cathedral, watching
the motions of the graceful stranger. Master John Lavallan the Mayor,
John O'Water the wealthiest citizen, and former Mayor of the town, and
other rich burghers, stood close to the Round Tower within the walls
of the Garth, in expectation of being addressed by their distinguished
visitor. The Duke of York cast a quick glance around; and then, as the
Mayor advanced, the youth stept forward to meet him. The citizen, as
one habituated to exercise hospitality, bade the knight welcome,
beseeching him to honour his abode with his presence, and to command
his services. The Duke frankly accepted the invitation, and descended
with the Mayor into the main street, where that officer resided; and
here again Richard was made welcome to the city of Cork.

It was a gala day at the Mayor's; and now, at the dinner hour, twelve
o'clock, the long tables groaned under the weight of viands, and round
the hospitable board were seated the principal families of the town.
No questions were asked the visitor--his golden spurs bespoke his
honourable rank; he was placed at the right hand of Lavallan: and,
while the clatter of knives and trenchers went on, he was only
remarked by the younger guests, who gazed even to the injury of their
appetites, on his burnished ringlets, his fair, open brow, his bright,
blue eyes, and smile of courteous affability: but time went on; the
dishes were carried away, the goblets placed; when the Mayor, rising,
drank welcome to the stranger, and asked, if no reason forbade him to
reply, his name and mission. Already Richard had become acquainted
with most of the countenances of his entertainers--that is, of those
nearest him; for, far through the long hall, almost out of sight, the
table extended, crowded by city retainers, and a few of the mere
"Irishry," whose long hair and loose saffron-coloured mantles,
contrasted with the doublet, hose, and trimmed locks of the townsmen.
Those near him bore the latter character, though their vivacious
glances and quick gestures were more akin to the inhabitants of the
South, among whom he had been accustomed to live, than to the steady,
dull demeanour of English traders.

When Lavallan drank to the stranger, every eye turned to the object of
the toast. Richard arose--his plumed cap was doffed; his shining hair,
parted on his brow, clustered round his throat; his sunny countenance
was full of confidence and courage--"Sir Mayor," he said, "my most
kind entertainer, and you, my friends, men of Cork, may the grateful
thanks of the homeless adventurer be as kindly received by you, as
they are gladly paid by him. Who am I? you ask. Wherefore do I come?
My name is the best in the land; my coming is to claim your aid, to
elevate it to its rightful place of pride and honour. Were I
cravenhearted, or you less generous, I might dread to declare myself;
but fear never entered the heart of a Plantagenet; and, when,
unreservedly, I place my life in your hands, will you betray the

A murmur quickly hushed, the sound of suppressed emotion, as the winds
of thought passed over the minds of those around, for an instant
interupted the speaker--

"Neither is my name nor lineage unknown to you," he continued: "you
honour both and have obeyed them; will you refuse to submit to me,
their descendant and representative? Did you not vow fealty to Richard
Duke of York, who, driven from his own England by false Lancaster,
found refuge and succour here? Was not Clarence your ruler, and Edward
of England monarch of your isle? In the name of these, in the name of
the White Rose and Mortimer and Plantagenet--I, the son of Edward the
Fourth, the victim of my uncle Gloster's treachery, and low-born
Tudor's usurpation; I, named in my childhood Duke of York and Lord of
Ireland, now, if rightly styled, Richard the Fourth of England, demand
my lieges of Cork, to acknowledge my rights, to rise in my cause. I, a
Prince and an outcast, place myself in their hands, through them to be
a fugitive for ever, or a King."

Had Richard planned this scene, with deep insight into the
dispositions of those with whom he had to deal, he could not have
projected a better arrangement. They had learned of his existence from
Lord Barry, and were prepossessed in his favour. Their fiery hearts
were lighted at the word--his name, with a thousand blessings attached
to it, rang through the hall: by means of the servants and followers
at the lower end of the table, it reached the outer apartments and
avenues of the Mansion-house; while, with a kind of exalted rapture,
the Mayor and his guests hung over their new-found Prince. The
citizens began to gather without, and to call aloud for the White Rose
of England; the day was finished in festal tumult; the Mayor led forth
his princely visitor--he was hailed Lord of Ireland with one acclaim.
Some elders, who had known his grandfather, or had been followers of
the Duke of Clarence, and others who, visiting England, had seen
Edward the Fourth, were struck by the likeness he bore to his
progenitors, and enthusiastically vouched for his truth. To see and
hear the mad exultation of the moment, an uninterested spectator must
have thought, that a messenger from heaven had arrived, to bestow
liberty on the groaning slaves of some blood-nurtured tyrant. The Duke
was installed in the castle with princely state, a town-guard
appointed him, and the night was far advanced, before he was permitted
to repose, and wondering to collect his thoughts, and feel himself an
acknowledged sovereign in the first town of his alienated dominions in
which he had set foot.

The morrow brought no diminution to the zeal of his partizans. The
first measure of the day was his attending high mass, surrounded by
the mayor and citizens: when the holy ceremony was finished, he took
oath on the Gospels, that he was the man he had declared himself. The
eager people clamoured for him to assume the name of King; but that he
said he would win with his good sword, nor, till he possessed its
appanage, assume a barren title: he was the Duke of York, until at
Westminster he received his paternal crown.

From the church the mayor and citizens attended his council at the
Castle, and here Richard more fully explained to them the projects of
Lord Barry, his hopes from the Earl of Desmond, and his wish to attach
to his cause the Earl of Kildare, Lord Deputy of Ireland. He learned
the changes that had taken place but a month or two ago before: some
suspicion having entered Henry's mind, the Earl of Kildare had been
dismissed from his high office, and Walter, Archbishop of Dublin,
substituted in his room. The Baron of Portlester, who had been
treasurer for forty years, was obliged to resign in favour of a
Butler, hereditary and bitter enemies of the Geraldines, while the
exaltation of Plunket, from the office of Chief Justice to that of
Chancellor, only proved that he was entirely gained over to the
Lancastrians. The acts of this new government tended to mortify the
late deputy, who bore ill his own degradation and the triumph of his
enemies. On various occasions brawls had ensued; and when Sir James of
Ormond, wished to place a creature of his own in a castle over which
Kildare claimed seignory, the latter defended it by arms. This
turbulent state of things promised fair for the adventurer; and his
first deed was to dispatch letters to the Earls of Kildare and
Desmond, soliciting their assistance, setting forth the ready zeal of
the city of Cork, and the promises and attachment of Lord Barry, whom
he daily expected to see arrive.

In all that the English Prince did, nothing spoke louder for him to
his Irish friends, than his fearless confidence, and artless, yet not
undignified reliance on their counsels. He had gained a warm friend in
the former Mayor, O'Water, a man reverenced throughout Munster. In his
youth he had served in the army, and his spirit was hardly yet tamed
to the pacific habits of a burgher. He was sixty years of age; but he
bore his years lightly, and remembered, but as the occurrence of
yesterday, the time when the Duke of York, grandfather of young
Richard, was Lord of Ireland. He had attached himself particularly to
his person, and followed him to England, returning to his own country
after his patron's death. He saw in the descendant of his chief, his
rightful lord, to refuse obedience to whom was a sin against the laws
of God and man. He fervently swore never to desert him, and dispatched
emissaries on all sides to spread the tidings of his arrival, and
excite the partizans of the White Rose to his active assistance.

When the letters were written, council held, and a course of conduct
determined on, still the caravel of de Faro did not appear, and
Richard grew weary of his state of indolence. A week passed; and
during the second, at the conclusion of which, the answers from the
noble chieftains were expected, the Duke of York announced to O'Water
his intention of visiting Buttevant, the seat of Lord Barry, where, in
the Abbey of Ballybeg, he hoped to find the Abbot of Kilmainham; a
man, who in exile and poverty, exercised great influence over the
Irish Yorkists. He had been insolent and cruel towards his enemies
when in power, but he was endowed with popular qualities for his
followers; while among his friends, he was valued for his boldness,
sagacity, and undaunted courage. His career had been turbulent: he had
supported himself against his sovereign by acts of lawless violence,
till, obliged at last to yield, he found himself, in his old age, a
poor brother in a distant monastery, obliged, for safety's sake, to
veil his lofty pretensions in the obscurest guise. Lord Barry had
offered him an asylum in the Abbey of Ballybeg; venerating, with the
blind admiration of a soldier, the learning and craft of the priest,
conjoined, as it here was, to dauntless courage. O'Water, on the
contrary, disliked the subtle prior, and endeavoured to dissuade the
Prince from the journey; but he spurned the city laziness, and in
spite of his friends' entreaties, and their fears for his safety among
the followers of Desmond, Barry, and Macarthy, departed on his
intended visit, attended only by Hubert Burgh, the foster-brother of
Lord Barry.

The way from Cork to Buttevant was not far, but more desolate than
Granada during the Moorish war. Summer and the sun adorned that
smiling land, casting a verdurous mantle over her deep wounds,
painting the rude visage of war with brilliant hues. The forests, dark
hills, and uncultivated wilds of Munster, showed nakedly the deep
traces of the sovereign ill. But lately this neighbourhood had been
the seat of war between the Earl of Desmond and the Chief of the
Macarthys; the latter had fallen in battle, but his brother and Tanist
had succeeded to him, and was already gathering together his sept for
a more desperate struggle. Never in Spain had Richard seen such wild
strange figures, as crossed his path during this short journey:
whether it were the native kern, wrapt in his mantle, disguised by his
glibb, or long shaggy hair, or the adherents of Desmond, who affected
the state of an Irish chieftain, whose leather-quilted jackets, long
saffron-coloured shirts, cloaks and shaggy mustachios, riding without
stirrups, bearing spears, formed objects not less uncouth and savage:
the very women bore a similar appearance of incivilization. And as a
comment on such text, Burgh told, as they rode, the history of the
late wars of Desmond with O'Carrol, Prince of Ely, and with Macarthy;
and, a still more dread tale, the incursion of Murrogh-en-Ranagh, an
O'Brien; who, rising first in Clare, spread through the country,
overrunning Munster, and bold from success, advanced into eastern
Leinster. All these accounts of battle were interwoven with tales of
feuds, handed down from father to son, of the natural hatred of the
native chiefs to the lords of English origin; interspersed with such
strange wild tales, where the avowedly supernatural was intermingled
with deeds of superhuman prowess and barbarity, that the English-born
Prince, nursling of romantic Spain, felt as if he were transplanted
into a new planet, and stopped the speaker at each moment, to obtain
some clearer explanation, or to have interpreted words he had never
before heard, the names of customs and things found only in this land.

Thus entertained, the way to Buttevant, or as the Irish called it,
Kilnemullagh, which was about twenty miles, seemed short. One thing
was evident in all these details, that it was easy to rouse the
English lords in Ireland to any act of turbulence and revolt; but that
it would be difficult nevertheless for their ill-armed followers, and
undisciplined bands, to compete with the soldiery of England.


Sisters, I from Ireland came.

The Duke, immediately on his arrival at the Castle of Buttevant,
dispatched Hubert Burgh to the Prior of Kilmainham, with a message
from himself and a token from Lord Barry, announcing his intention of
visiting him at the Abbey the next day. But Keating feared thus to
draw the eyes of some enemy upon him, and appointed a meeting in a
secluded dell, near the bank of the Mullagh, or Awbeg, the river which
Spenser loves to praise. Early in the morning Richard repaired alone
to this rural presence-chamber, and found Keating already there.
Hearing of the priest's haughty pride, Richard, with a sensation of
disgust, had figured a man something like the wretched Trangmar,
strong of limb, and with a ferocious expression of countenance.
Keating appeared in his monk's humble guise; his light eyes were still
lively, though his hair and beard were snowy white; his brow was
deeply delved by a thousand lines; his person short, slender, bent;
his step infirm; his voice was silver-toned; he was pale, and his
aspect in its lower part sweetly serene. Richard looked with wonder on
this white, withered leaf--a comparison suggested by his frail
tenuity; and again he almost quailed before the eager scrutiny of the
prior's eye. A merchant at a Moorish mart he had seen thus scan a
slave he was about to purchase. At length, with a look of great
satisfaction, the monk said, "This fits exactly; our friends will not
hesitate to serve so goodly a gentleman. The daughter of York might in
sooth mistake thee for a near kinsman. Thou comest from Portugal, yet
that could not have been thy native place?"

Richard started. This was the first time he had heard an expression of
doubt of his veracity. How could he reply? His word alone must support
his honour; his sword must remain sheathed, for his injurer was a
priest. Keating caught his haughty glance, and perceived his mistake.
It was with an effort that he altered his manner, for he exchanged
with pain a puppet subject to his will, for a man (prince or
pretender) who had objects and a state of his own to maintain. "Pardon
the obscure vision of an old man," he said; "my eyes were indeed dim
not to see the true marks of a Plantagenet in your appearance. I was
but a boy when your princely grandsire fell; nor has it been my
fortune to visit England or to see your royal father. But the Duke of
Clarence honoured me with his friendship, and your cousin de la Poole
acknowledged my zeal in furthering his projects. I am now neither
prior nor commander; but, poor monk as I am become, I beseech your
highness to command my services."

This swift change of language but ill satisfied the pride of Richard,
and in reply he briefly recounted such facts as established his right
to the name he claimed. The noble artlessness of his tone conquered
the priest's lurking suspicions: in a more earnest manner he besought
the Duke's pardon; and a cordial intercourse was established between

The place where they met was secluded and wild; a bower of trees hid
it from the view of the river, and an abrupt rock sheltered it behind.
It was apparently accessible by the river only, and it was by its bank
that the Duke and Prior had arrived. Nothing could equal the
picturesque solitude around them. The waving of the leafy boughs, the
scream of the water-fowl, or the splashing they made as they sprung
from among the sedge and darted across the stream, alone interrupted
the voiceless calm; yet at every moment in his speech Keating stopped,
as if listening, and cast his keen eyes, which he libelled much in
calling dim, up the steep crag, as if among its herbage and shrubs
some dreaded spy or expected messenger might appear. Then again he
apologized to the Duke for having selected this wild spot for their
interview. A price, he oberved, had been set upon his head, and his
only safety lay in perpetual watchfulness and never-sleeping caution.
"My zeal in your Highness' cause," he added with a courtier smile,
"cannot be deemed a strange frenzy, since your success will not only
assure my restoration to the dignity of which I have been unjustly
deprived, but prevent an old man from perpetually dreaming of the
sword of the slayer, or the more frightful executioner's axe."

Again the Prior fixed his eyes on a fissure in the rock, adding, "I
had appointed to meet one in this place before your message was
communicated to me; and in good time: for methinks the object of your
visit may be furthered by the intelligence I hope soon to receive.
Your Highness must have heard at Cork of the war carried on by the
great Earl of Desmond and a native sept of this region. Macarthy,
their chief, fell during the struggle, but his successor and Tanist
mustered his broken forces to avenge him. The Earl is impatient of
this resistance, for his presence is necessary in Thomond to drive the
O'Carrolls from that district. At his invitation he and Macarthy meet
this day to parley but a few miles hence. I was to have made one among
them; but a boding raven told me that danger was abroad."

The tidings of the near presence of the Earl of Desmond were
unexpected, and most welcome to the Duke. He immediately resolved not
to lose the golden hour. He eagerly asked where the meeting was to be,
and how speedily he might reach the spot.

As he was thus earnestly expressing his desire, a slight rustling
caught the Prior's ear: he looked up; a human form hovered as in
midair, scarcely, as it were, alighted on the precipitous rock;
quickly, but cautiously, it threaded its steep and tortuous path. A
large mantle was wrapt round the mountaineer, a large white kerchief
enveloped the head in the manner of a turban, yet the Prince caught
the outline of a female figure, which soon descended to the little
plain on which they stood and advanced towards them; she was evidently
very young, but weather-worn even in youth: her wild picturesque dress
concealed the proportions of her form; her large white sleeves hid her
arm, but the emaciated appearance of her face and hands and bare feet
struck Richard with pity. She seemed astonished at seeing him, and
spoke to his companion in the language of the country, which he did
not understand: the Prior's face darkened as she spoke: there dwelt on
it a mixture of disappointment and ferocity, of which it could hardly
have been deemed capable by one who had hitherto seen it only bland
and smiling; swiftly, however, he dismissed these indications of
passion, and addressed the Prince calmly. "I cannot go," he said; "my
time is still to be deferred, though it shall not be for ever lost.
How does your courage hold? if you are not afraid of going alone with
a guide whose very dialect is a mystery to you, through a country torn
by opposing factions; if you do not fear presenting yourself
friendless to a haughty noble who deems himself sovereign in this
domain, I will contrive that, ere four hours elapse, you shall find
yourself in Desmond's presence."

"Fear!" the Prince repeated. His eye glanced with some contempt on the
priest's cowl, which alone could suggest pardon for such a thought;
yet he checked himself from any angry disclaiming of the accusation,
as he said, "Whatever in my presumption I may hope, sage forethought
tells me that I walk a road strewn with a thousand dangers; leading,
it may be, to an early death. Not for that will I deviate one furlong
from my path. Sir Prior, where is the guide you promise?"

Keating, after a few minute's reflection, instead of replying,
conversed again with the girl, and then addressed the Duke: "This
hapless child is a victim of the wars; she was born far hence, and is
the last surviving of my foster-sister's once blooming family. Her
mother saved my life. This child, barefoot as she is, guided me
hither. Is not a Keating fallen, when he cannot give succour to an
offspring of his fosterer's house? And she, poor girl! she has walked
far for me to-day; but she will not slacken in her toil when I bid her
proceed. She shall be your guide, and your Grace may rely upon her;
the dog you fed from its birth were less faithful. Now, at the hour of
noon, Desmond meets Macarthy of Muskerry, on Ballahourah. But for the
bogs and streams that cross your path, it is not far; at the worst,
you can reach Mallow, where the Earl will lie to-night. It is best not
to delay; for, if there is peace in Munster, very speedily Desmond
will be on his way to Thomond."

This was a fresh spur to Richard. He accepted the proffered guide, who
listened attentively to Keating's instructions given in her native
tongue. He followed the girl but a short distance ere he looked back;
the Prior was gone; the solitude of the wild crags and shrubs alone
met his eye. Meanwhile his companion stepped forward, motioning him to
follow. They plunged into the brake; the sun rose high; the birds
winged their glad flight among the trees. Now toiling up a steep, now
wading a stream, now entangled in a thicket, now stepping lightly over
boggy earth; now meditating on Andalusia, and now wondering at his
present position, Richard followed his swift and silent guide through
the wild country between Buttevant and Mallow.

Already the meeting between the Earl of Desmond and Macarthy, the
Chief of Muskerry, was at an end. They parted with fair words and
exasperated thoughts. The native Lord could ill brook the settler's
haughty assumptions; nor Geraldine endure the obstinate pride of the
conquered native. Still their relative positions enforced a peace.

They had separated, and after a hasty repast spread on the heathy side
of Ballahourah, the Earl proceeded towards Mallow. He was surrounded
by warriors, who all claimed the Geraldine name, and who variously
distinguished themselves as the White Knight, the Knight of Kerry, and
the Knight of the Glen. There was Lord Fermoy, his father-in-law, and
others of the Roches. Nor did all the native chiefs absent themselves.
One sister of the Earl had married Macarthy Reagh; another an O'Brien,
whose daughter had intermarried with an O'Carroll--all this in
defiance of the English law, which forbade such alliances, through
which the father of the present Earl was beheaded in the year 1467.
Their antique costume, tight truise, saffron tunics, and flowing robes
distinguished them from the Saxons; yet these had not followed the
fashions of the times, but dressed in the garb used by the courtiers
of Edward the Third.

Maurice, tenth Earl of Desmond, was brave even to a proverb. He loved
war, and deemed himself rather King of Desmond, than a chief of
English descent. To extend and secure his possessions, rendering them
at once independent of his sovereign and of the native chieftains, was
the aim of his life. He now meditated the invasion of Thomond; but
Macarthy's angry demeanour showed that he must not be left unchecked
in his rear. "Where is my cousin Barry--where the Lord of Buttevant--
the Chief of the Barrymores? Flying before a slip of parchment indited
in far London, as if my sword held not better sway in these regions
than a Parliament attainder! Were he here, the O'Carrolls should hear
the thunder of my arms ere this moon waned. Muskerry could make no
gathering in the vales, while Barry sat on his perch at Buttevant."

The Earl had time to waste in thought, as he was borne along--at the
age of fifteen, pushing rashly forward in an assault, he received a
wound in his leg, which lamed him for life, so that he was carried
about in a litter, and went by the name of Claudus; yet he was not
deemed the less an experienced and gallant warrior. With the virtues
of a chieftain he possessed the defects: Munster was his world; his
universe was peopled by the Geraldines, the Macarthys, the Barrys,
Donegans, Barretts, Roches, O'Briens, O'Carrolls, and the rest; he
disdained his noble brethren of the pale. He considered it a mark of
distinction to be exempted by a law from attendance of Parliament and
the government of the land; he saw in the King of England, not his
monarch, but the partizan of Ormond, and therefore an enemy. This, and
ancient alliance linked him to the cause of the English outcast
Prince, who solicited his aid; he had replied favourably to his
request; but his interests and the conquest of a kingdom must be
delayed, while he subdued the halfnaked septs who insulted his power.

While thus busied, reflecting upon the events of the day, the Earl sat
silent and thoughtful. Suddenly, at a turn in the road, he called on
his followers to stop; his eye lighted up, he saw two horsemen swiftly
approaching--Lord Barry was the foremost rider. Forgetting his
lameness in his joy, the noble warrior almost threw himself from the
litter, as he cried, "Jesu speed you, my loving cousin! spur on! spur
on! remember your badge, Boutez en avant! No enemy ever turned his
back on your sword to avoid, so eagerly as my arms will open to
receive you! Were you bound for Mallow?"

"No, my noble coz," replied Lord Barry, "I am for Kilnemullagh; an
eaglet I have nursed, has winged its way thither, and I fear, may
suffer injury in my absence; for he is young, and his pinions all

"Leave him to his fate, my Lord," said the Earl; "if he be a faithful
bird he will find his way back to his fosterer; meanwhile the King of
eagles, thy cousin Desmond himself, has need of thee."

"One word, dear Maurice, will explain the greater duty that I owe my
princely fowl. The White Rose of England, missing him, loses all; you,
I, each, and every one of us, are his servants and must become his

"Cousin," replied Desmond, "one son of York made my father, whose soul
God assoilzie! Lord Deputy; another chopped off his head--so much for
the White Rose! Still I allow this new Lancastrian king is a bitterer
enemy: he is a friend of the Butlers, whom the fiend confound. We will
first subdue the O'Carrolls, humble the Macarthys, take Coollong from
Clan Cartie Reagh, and root out the Desies; and then, when we are
kings of Munster, in good hour let us march with your Duke of York,
and set our foot on the necks of the Butlers in Dublin."

The Earl spoke with rapidity and energy; all Munster spread before
Lord Barry's mind--city, town, strong-hold, held by ancestral
enemies; and it was wonderful what a change was wrought in his mind by
his cousin's eloquence, and the names of all these sons of Erin, with
each of whom he had a mortal quarrel. He agreed therefore to go with
the Earl to Mallow that evening, postponing his visit to Buttevant
till the following day.

Such were the wise counsels, that stayed the mighty power Barry had
promised York should rise at his name to vanquish England. It was
better thus; so the royal boy thought himself, when, welcomed by
Desmond at Mallow, he looked round on kern and gallowglass, hearing a
language that was not English, viewing their strange attire and savage
countenances. "It is not thus, my England, that I will seize on you.
Your own nobles shall place the crown on my head; your people wield
the sword that will injure only our common enemy. Shall I make a
Granada of my native land, and shed Christian blood, better spilt in
the cause of God against infidel dogs?"

When the Earl of Desmond found that the Prince, whom he regretted to
receive with such cold hopes, was well content, nothing doubting that
the good-will of the English would prove a better ally than the spears
of the Irish, he conceived a sudden affection for him. It was no
wonder; for the ingenuousness of untarnished youth is ineffably
winning; and here it was added to a quick wit, a grace and gallantry,
that shone as a vision of light in this wild region.

A few days brought still greater satisfaction to all parties. An
embassy had arrived in Cork from the King of France to the Duke of
York to invite him to Paris. Desmond would not relinquish his guest:
he carried him to his noble seat at Ardfinnin; and thither repaired in
due time the messengers from Charles the Eighth.

The chief of these was our old friend Frion, besides a Frenchman
called Lucas, and two Englishmen, Stephen Poytron and John Tiler. The
Duke was not well pleased with the selection of Frion; but, while this
man by his singular arts of insinuation made good his cause, Barry
showed how in two points his cause was benefited by him. First, that
having been secretary to Henry, he knew many secrets, and was
acquainted with many circumstances that might be turned to use; and,
secondly, that his very attempt to entrap the Prince was a proof that
he was fully aware of who he was; that he would prove an useful link
between Perkin Warbeck, Richard Fitzroy, and the Duke of York; that he
need be no more trusted than was deemed expedient; but that meanwhile
it were good to entertain him with fair words. Richard yielded; and
Frion made good use of this standing-room by which he meant to move
the world. Master of the arts of flattery, cunning and wise, he so
ingratiated himself with the Duke, and afterwards with his other
friends, that by degrees he was admitted to their confidence; and at
last succeeded in his chief wish, of becoming follower, secretary,
counsellor, he called himself friend, of the English Prince.

Urged by the Earl of Desmond and Lord Barry, and sufficiently inclined
in his own mind, the Duke accepted the French king's invitation, and
prepared to cross to France. On the very eve of his departure, he was
surprised by a visit from John O'Water of Cork. This warm-hearted old
man had conceived a paternal love for the royal youth. He came to
recommend his return to Cork--his taking up a kind of regal residence
there--the not deserting a nook of his kingdom which acknowledged him.
He came too late:--already the Prince was on board the vessel in
Youghall Harbour, which was to convey him away. "One day you will
return to us, my Lord," said O'Water, "a future day will afford us
opportunity to prove our zeal. I am old; I had given up public life:
but I will take to the oar again. John O'Water will once more be Mayor
of Cork, and his right beloved Sovereign shall command him in his

The good man departed; with blessings, thanks, and glad prognostics,
Desmond and Barry also took leave of him. The wind was fair, the sea
smooth: before morning they lost sight of the hospitable shores of
Ireland, and turned their thoughts from its quarrels, its chieftains,
its warm hearts, and kind reception, to the civilized land of France,
and the more influential protection promised by its king to the Royal


She has styled him--the fair White Rose of England.

Long die thy happy days before thy death;
And, after many lengthened hours of grief.
Die neither mother, wife, nor England's queen!

The voyage of the Duke of York was easy and auspicious. He repaired to
Paris; and all the exiled Yorkists, to the number of one hundred
gentlemen, instantly gathered round him, offering him their services,
and forming his court. Charles assigned him magnificent apartments in
the Tuileries, and appointed a guard of honour, under the command of
the Lord of Concressault, who, as was the case with every one who
approached him, soon became warmly attached to the princely youth.
Having just concluded a peace with Britany by marrying its young
duchess, the King of France found himself in so prosperous a state at
home, that he began to look abroad for wars, and resolved to invade
Naples, to whose crown he had a claim. Meanwhile, the utmost splendour
and gaiety reigned in Paris:--balls, tournaments, and hunting parties,
succeeded one to the other; now to celebrate a marriage--now to grace
the entrance of some noble gentleman into the order of knighthood.
Charles was an amiable prince--his Queen a beautiful and spirited
lady--the Duke of Orleans an accomplished and adventurous cavalier.
They all vied in acts of courtesy and kindness towards their royal
visitor. There was an innocence in Richard's vivacity, an
ingenuousness in his reliance on their protection, that particularly
captivated the chivalrous Orleans and the fair Queen Anne. How changed
the scene from the wilds of Ireland and the semi-barbarous halls of
the Desmond! The courtly and soft grace of the French, different from
the dignity of the Spaniard, was irresistible to the inexperienced
youth. It seemed to him that his standard was set up here for ever. No
change could sully the fair favour of these illustrious friends. All
young as he was, to be treated as rightful King of England by this
potent government, satisfied for the moment his ambition. He and his
English friends welcome every where, all honoured--himself beloved--
were the ascendant star in Paris. O'Maurice of Desmond! O'Barry, and
good honest-hearted O'Water!--though still he acknowledged your
kindness, how did your uncivilized hospitalities fade before the
golden splendour of King Charles's court!

York might by the sober be blamed for yielding to the current, for
setting his swelling canvas with the favouring wind--exulting. It was
a boy's blindness; the unsuspiciousness of inexperience; the fault lay
in the falsehood; and that was not his.

On the sixth of October Henry the Seventh landed at Calais; on the
nineteenth he sate down before Boulogne, with sixteen hundred men at
arms, and twenty-five thousand infantry. Charles could not much fear
the tardy operations of his foe; but the name of English invasion, so
associated with defeat and disaster, was portentous to the French:
besides, Charles was eager to prepare for his Italian wars. Thus
disposed, peace was easily brought about. One only obstacle presented
itself. Henry insisted that the newly-arrived Duke of York should be
delivered up to him; Charles rejected the proposition with disdain:
the negociations were suspended, and the French King grew uneasy; it
was no pleasant thing to have thirty or forty thousand of those
English in the kingdom, who had disputed it inch by inch, at the
expense of so much misery and slaughter, with his grandfather. Their
King was averse to war; but the body of the army, the nobles and
leaders, ardently desired it: some intrigue, some accident, might
light up a train to be quenched only by seas of blood; and all this
for a Prince, in whom, except that he was gallant and unfortunate,
Charles took no concern.

Richard, basking in the noon-day of regal favour, of a sudden felt a
cloud spread athwart his sun-shine, and a chill take place of the
glowing warmth. The complaints of his followers, principally of Lady
Brampton, opened his eyes; for the King and Princes, on the eve of
betraying him, were in manner kinder than ever. First, Queen Anne
asked this lady, if it were not the Duke's intention to repair to
Flanders, to claim the support of the Lady Margaret. It seemed as if
nothing was to be spoken of but Brussels, the Low Countries,
Maximilian of Austria, and, above all, the virtues and sagacity of the
illustrious widow of Charles the Rash. In youth we are slow to
understand the covert language of duplicity. Frion was next put in
requisition; he arrived in Paris after ten day's absence, with an
invitation to her so-named nephew from the Duchess of Burgundy; and
when, from the disinclination of the French to an act of glaring
inhospitality, and of the English so to pain the confiding spirit of
their Prince, he was still kept darkling, suddenly one night his
friend, the Sire de Concressault, visited him. He brought many sugared
words from his sovereigns; but the end was, that their ever dear
friend, and most honoured guest, the Duke of York, would render them
especial pleasure, if, for some short time, he would visit Brussels.
The fiery spirit of youth blazed forth at a dismission, still more
when Concressault added, that horses were already prepared, and every
thing arranged for his immediate departure. To qualify this insult,
Concressault could best bring his own warm, affectionate feelings. He
loved the English Prince, and by the frankness of his explanations,
soothed him, while he made the wound deeper, by shewing whence it was
directed, and that Henry Tudor's was the master-hand.

This name calmed York by elevating his thoughts above the actual evil.
"It is well, my Lord: I shall obey," he said; "I had forgotten myself;
and your monarch's kindness was an opiate to my unripened purpose. I
might have lived his happy guest; reigning over the English hearts
around me, forgetful like Dan Ulysse of old in the Lotus land, of my
native isle, and rightful kingdom. I thank my enemy he has not
permitted this: his insults rouse me; his injuries place the sword in
my hand; on him fall the harm."

The French sovereigns did all they could to salve this ill-favoured
wound. The Duke of Orleans visited York at the moment of his
departure; his English partizans were loaded with presents; he quitted
France; and, on the day following, the treaty of peace with England
was signed.

Pride, indignation, and heroic resolve sustained the Duke under this
insult; but violent, angry emotion was foreign to his disposition, and
only kept alive in his bosom at the expense of much suffering. How
gladly he took refuge from these painful sensations in the gratitude
and affection inspired by his noble aunt. Margaret had never seen him:
the Earl of Lincoln, Lady Brampton, Lovel, Plantagenet, and others
were vouchers for his truth; still his first unsupported appearance in
Ireland, and his long absence in Spain engendered doubts, not in her
mind, but in Maximilian and other nobles and counsellors around her.
She replied to their arguments, but they remained unconvinced; at once
therefore to justify her acknowledgment of him in their eyes, and to
force them to the same credence as herself, she caused his first
audience to be a solemn one, nor gave him a kinswoman's reception
until he had proved his right to it.

He, who has heard some one falsely traduced and vilely calumniated,
and, if not quite believing the detraction, yet impelled by it to some
distaste of its object, and when that object appeared, radiant in
innocence, attended by the dignity of truth and conscious worth, at
once has yielded to the evidence of sense, will have some
understanding of what passed in the mind of Margaret of Burgundy. None
could resist the frank, blue, unclouded eye of the Prince; that voice
and manner, replete with simplicity and native honour. He replied to
the Duchess's questions briefly or otherwise, as appeared most
pertinent, but in a way that vanquished the most sceptical person
present. The warm-hearted Duchess had hardly contained herself from
the moment she beheld this youthful image of her dead brother. As the
tones of a remembered melody awaken from sweet and bitter association
unbidden tears, so did his voice, his gestures, the very waving of his
glossy curls, strike the mute chords of many a forgotten memory. As
soon as she saw belief and satisfaction in the countenances of those
around her, she no longer restrained herself; with tears she embraced
him; with a broken voice she presented her nephew to all around. Now
to heap favours on him was her dear delight: she loved not the name of
the Duke of York, because, his pretensions admitted, he was something
more; but he objected firmly to the empty title of king, and
reiterated his determination to assume that only at Westminster. So
she invented other names; the Prince of England, and the White Rose of
England, were those he went by; she appointed him a guard of thirty
halberdiers in addition to that formed by his English followers. Nor
did she rest here; it was her ardent wish to place him on the throne
of his father. The glad welcome she gave to the Yorkists, as, from far
exile in distant lands, or obscure hiding in England, they repaired to
her nephew's court, her discourse of succour, armies, plots quickly
raised a spirit that spread to the near island; and the rumour of this
new White Rose became a watch-word of hope for York, of fear for

The riches and magnificence of the now extinguished house of Burgundy,
almost equalled that of Paris; their cavaliers were as noble and as
gallant; their tournaments and feasts as gay and pompous. The Prince
felt his situation much changed for the better. His aunt's warm
affection was more worth than Charles's politic and courteous
protection. There he was an honored visitor, here one of the family--
his interests apparently bound up with theirs. His long tried friends
exulted in his position; Plantagenet and Lady Brampton congratulated
each other. The English exiles, Sir George Neville and Sir John
Taylor, the one proud and discontented, the other extravagant and
poor, blessed the day which gave them dignity and station, as chief
attendants and counsellors of the noble York. One friend he missed:
his childhood's companion, his gentle nurse, his beloved Monina.

She had accompanied Lady Brampton to Paris, when intelligence came of
Trangmar's treachery, of the falsehood of his pretensions; and, at the
same time, letters were covertly conveyed to Lady Brampton from the
Dowager Queen, in which mention was made of this man as a trust-worthy
agent: the Yorkists desired much to fathom this mystery, and to have
some explicit elucidation from the imprisoned Elizabeth. As they
canvassed the various modes by which this might be accomplished--the
disguises that might be assumed--Monina preferred an earnest prayer,
that she might be permitted to undertake the task; a thousand
circumstances rendered this desirable--she would be entirely
unsuspected, and she was fully acquainted with the circumstances of
the case. Three days before Richard landed in France from Ireland,
Monina crossed to England--she assumed a pilgrim's garb, and without
danger or much difficulty, arrived at London from the sea coast.

The sudden apparition of Richard, first in Ireland, and afterwards in
Paris, was a stunning blow to Henry. No Trangmar arrived to explain
the riddle; and, in spite of his caution and his cruelty, he had been
unable to avert the event he dreaded--nothing could he do now better
than to scoff at his rival, and to oppose his statements with counter
declarations; spreading around his spies to stop at its very outset
any symptom of rebellion in England. He caused stricter watch than
ever to be set on the unfortunate Elizabeth Woodville, who had been
for six years the melancholy inmate of her convent prison. All
necessity of caution there was soon to be at an end; her health had
long declined--latterly she had wasted to a mere shadow, so that the
continuance of life in her attenuated frame appeared a miracle: a
feeling of suffocation prevented her from lying down; she sat propped
by pillows; her fleshless hands incapable of any office, her cheeks
fallen in; her eyes alone--last retreat of the spirit of life--
gleamed brightly amid the human ruin. So long had she been thus, that
her death, apparently so near, was hardly feared by those around.
Henry almost considered her danger as a new artifice, and absolutely
refused her last request, to be permitted to see her daughter and
grand-children once again. Her last hour approached; and none were
near save the nuns of the convent, who almost revered her as a saint.

There arrived at the monastery a pilgrim, with relics collected in
Araby and Spain. She was admitted into the parlour; and one simple
sister asked for some wonder-working relic that might give health to
the dying. The pilgrim heard of Elizabeth's hopeless state; she begged
to be admitted to her presence, that she might try the virtues of a
precious balsam given her by the monks of Alcala-la-Real in Spain.
Elizabeth was informed of her request: when last she had heard of her
son, he was at Alcala--all the strength that had prolonged her life
now roused itself; with earnestness she desired that the Spanish
maiden might be admitted to her presence. It was Henry's express
command that none should see her; but she was dying; his power, so
soon to be at an end, might well slacken in its rigour at the very
verge of its annihilation.

The pilgrim knelt beside the Queen's couch--the nuns, commanded to
retreat, observed a miracle--the dying appeared again to live; the
grim spectre, who had planted his banner in the chamber, retreated for
a moment, as Elizabeth listened to Monina's whispered words, "Oh, for
one hour more," she cried, "I have so much to say. He comes then, my
son comes! Oh, rouse England with the tale--Sir William Stanley, you
must visit him--bid him not draw his sword against my Edward's son.
Say to the Dean of St. Pauls--I feel faint," she continued, "my voice
fails me--I must leave all unsaid, save this--His sister must not
doubt his truth; Henry must not shed the blood of his wife's brother."

"Madam," said Monina, "let me bear some token to my lady the Queen."

"A token!--no words can these weak fingers trace. Yet stay; in this
missal there is a prayer which each day I addressed to heaven to
preserve my son. Bear the missal to my Elizabeth, bid her listen to
you, and believe."

With trembling hands the young girl took the small, but splendid
volume. The Queen then dismissed her with a faintly spoken blessing
and a prayer. Before night all was over--the cause of her son moved
her no more--her sorrowing heart reposed from every strife--she died.
The vase replete with so much anguish was broken--the "silver cord,"
that bound together a whole life of pain, loosened. Her existence had
been woe; her death was the dearest blessing she could receive from


She was most beautiful to see.
Like a lady of a far countree.

While in attendance on the King at his palace of Shene, the Lord
Chamberlain Sir William Stanley, was informed that a young and foreign
lady requested an audience with him. Monina was ushered in--her
extraordinary beauty--her large soft eyes--the fascinating sweetness
of her manner, at once charmed the worthy gentleman. She spoke in good
but accentuated English, and informed Sir William that she came from
the death-bed of the Queen of England.

"I know," said Stanley, "that her grace has long been ill, but--"

"God take her to his mercy," interrupted Monina, "she died last

"Is his majesty informed of this event?" Sir William asked.

"It is not yet noon," replied the maiden, "by that hour the messengers
from the convent will arrive. I have reasons for greater speed. I bear
the royal lady's last words to her daughter, the Queen Elizabeth; you,
my Lord, will favour me by procuring an immediate interview with her

Stanley knew the aversion the King had to any private intercourse
between Elizabeth and her mother. He informed his visitor that she
must first obtain the King's permission for this audience, which he
did not believe would be granted; but Monina, without hesitation,
declared that she would apply for it to the King, and requested the
Chamberlain to introduce her. Stanley, good-natured but timid,
hesitated--she would not be denied--at last he hit on an expedient.
Henry had gone out hawking in the park; if she would place herself at
the gate on his return, she might prefer her prayer--he would be near
to insure her being heard.

Noontide was approached. The sport was over, and the royal party on
their return. Henry rode foremost with Morton, while his retinue
followed at a slower pace, conversing gaily about the birds; now and
then hazarding a remark on the war, so oft delayed, at last declared.
They were interrupted by the arrival of Sir William Stanley, who
communicated to the King the tidings of the Dowager Queen's death. Six
long years had passed since the battle of Stoke, and the commencement
of Elizabeth Woodville's imprisonment. She was forgotten at Court.
Many there had never seen her; few remembered her as the reigning
Queen of England. Her history was almost like a romance of the olden
time; yet, forgotten during life, her death clouded the hilarity of
those who heard it. Among those most affected by these tidings, as was
natural, was her son, the Marquess of Dorset; he hastily rode up to
receive from Stanley's own lips confirmation of the news. Feeling that
of late he had almost forgotten and wholly neglected his mother, a
sudden visitation of remorse was blended with the grief that choked
his voice, and blinded his eyes with tears. Henry, who, was attached
to him, viewed with pity the bitter regret of his gay unheeding
kinsman, and bade him, ere ruder tongues proclaimed it, bear the
melancholy tidings to his royal sister. Dorset, gladly escaping from
the throng, rode swiftly forward. Meanwhile the order of the ride was
disturbed. The nobles conversed earnestly together. After a few
questions, Henry remained lost in thought: eager perhaps to know
whether her secret had died with her; and viewing in her demise one
master testimony the less in favour of his young competitor. Stanley
awaited with some inquietude for the moment when they should encounter
Monina. They passed the park gate. She was not there. Henry pursued
his way, and entered the palace. Still she did not appear.

Lord Dorset had ridden on with the speed of a man who seeks to escape
from himself. Death has more power in its mere sound, than the
enchanting touch of a wizard's rod. She was dead--how awful was that
word!--the unfailing friend, his mother! All his remissness towards
her took a monstrous form: he felt that if he had wearied Henry with
prayers, he might have extorted some mitigation of her suffering; and
it would have consoled her in her solitude, to have received the balmy
medicine of filial tenderness, which he had neglected to pay. At that
moment he would have given his marquisate to a beggar, to have
purchased the memory of one action done to sooth her woful end. The
pomp of a funeral--masses for her soul--these were small
compensations, which her arch enemy, even Henry himself, could and
probably would concede. The voice of affection--the duteous affection
of a child--he only could have afforded; and he had withheld it.

Monina stood at the park-gate, attended by her Spanish domestic, whose
singular costume alone must attract regard. "What do you here,
maiden?" cried Dorset; "the King and his court will speedily pass this
way: this is no fitting place for you."

"I am here," she replied, "to see and speak to your king. I come to
prefer a request in the name of one, whom God take to his place; she
can disturb him no more."

"You are from Bermondsey, from--"the words choked Dorset; Monina
continued, "I come from the death-bed of the Lady Elizabeth of

"What demand would you make on his Majesty?" said the Marquess; "do
you seek a guerdon for your pains? Speak then to me--I am her son."

He was about to draw forth his purse, but her look, which grew
animated, prevented him, as she said, "I come on a holy errand. The
dying lady commanded me to convey her last words to her royal
daughter; I seek permission from your King to fulfil her wish."

Dorset was thoughtless and eager. He saw no objection that Henry could
have that his sister should have the last message from her now dead
parent; so without hesitation he told the maiden that by Henry's
permission he was now about to communicate the sad intelligence to the
Queen, and that she might accompany him.

It is thus, by small, invisible threads, that Fate weaves the
intricate web of our lives. All hung by the slenderest tissue; had
Monina seen Henry, most assuredly he would have prevented the
interview she sought, and have used his utmost craft to discover
whether the fatal secret made a part of the Queen's message. Now his
sagacity, his caution, his severity were of no avail. Monina stood in
the presence of his wife.

Six years had considerably altered Elizabeth; habitual fear had
engendered a moral timidity, which was not natural to her, for she was
the daughter of a proud race: her sweetness, her affectionate
disposition still remained; but her soul was sad, and she looked pale
and inanimate. The news of her mother's death moved her to tears. One
expression of bitter regret burst from her lips; it was mingled with
blame of her consort; and she checked herself, while she wept still
more abundantly. Dorset felt uneasy at the sight of female tears; he
longed to escape. Monina's request for a private interview came to
liberate him; he presented her to his sister, and hurried away.

Elizabeth eagerly asked many questions concerning her mother's dying
moments. The Spanish maiden, wondering at her own success, fearful of
interruption, presented the missal, and then hastened to declare the
motive for which it was sent: she opened the jewelled clasps, and
showed the Queen the prayer written in her mother's hand on a blank
leaf of the brilliantly illuminated pages: rapidly the enthusiastic
girl detailed the escape, the exile of the Duke of York, while
Elizabeth, not daring to believe her own senses, astounded, terrified,
looked with large open eyes on the animated countenance of her lovely
visitant. Before Monina paused, or gave time for an answer, they were
interrupted by the entrance of Sir William Stanley. He started when he
saw Monina, nor did the confused look of his Queen, as she hastily
closed the fatal volume, tend to re-assure him. He came to announce a
visit from Henry to Elizabeth. Frightened at what he saw, he hardly
permitted a slight interchange of greeting, but hurried Monina away
through a door hid by the tapestry, down a narrow staircase into a
garden, and then by a small gate that opened on a court. In this court
was placed the entrance to the apartments of the pages and esquires of
the King. Stanley unlocked the gate cautiously, hesitating before he
permitted his fair companion to pass on, in the fear that some
mischievous boy, or prying servitor, might be there to wonder at, and
question wherefore he led the maiden from the Queen's garden through a
door, sacred, and never opened, into the resort of wild and dissolute
youth. As he unclosed the wicket, at its very entrance, standing so
that in spite of every caution a full view of Monina was at once
afforded, stood a young man, whose countenance bespoke him to be ever
on the alert for gamesome tricks, or worse mischief. His first aspect
was that of recklessness; his second spoke of baser habits; and
athwart both broke gleams, now of better feelings, now of desperate
passion. He had heard the rusty bolts move, and perceived the slow
opening of the door: knowing how sacred was the respect enforced
towards this ingress to the Queen's retirement, he stood close, to
discover and shame any intruder. "In good season, my Lord Chambelain!"
he at first exclaimed, vexed to find no cause for taunt, till
perceiving his fair companion, the expression of his countenance
changed to irony, as he cried--"Whither so fast and fearfully, my
good Lord? Does her Grace deal in contraband: and art thou the

"As ill luck will have it, wild Robin clifford!" cried Stanley,

"Nay, we are brothers in wildness now, fair Sir," retorted the other,
"and I claim my part here."

Clifford approached Monina, but Stanley interposed. "Waste your
ribaldry on me, good Knight, but spare this child: let us pass in all
speed, I pray you."

Monina drew back, but Clifford still followed. "Child! In good hour
she is young; and but that burning suns have made her cheek tawny, I
might call her fair. She is well worth your pains, and I praise them.
Sweet mistress, I am beholden to my Lord Chamberlain for making us

He was running on thus, but Monina, collecting her spirits, raised her
large eyes on him: his name had caught her ear; she remembered partly
having seen him on the night of their flight from Tournay; and
frequent mention had subsequently been made of him by the cousins. She
began--"Sir Robert Clifford, I know you will not harm me."

"Thanks for that knowledge, pretty one," cried the youth; "old grey
beards only, with frozen hearts, (pardon me, Sir William!) could
injure thee; thou art sure of good from tall fellows (though in troth,
tall I am not) like me."

Sir William writhed with impatience; again and again he would have
interrupted the intruder. Monina replied--"We have met before--when
you served him I now serve. I speak in his name: for the sake of
Perkin Warbeck detain me no longer. Noble Sir, I attend you: Sir
Clifford yields respect to the words I have spoken."

"They are strange indeed, maiden," he replied, "and I must hear more
of this. We have met before, I now believe; and we must meet again.
Meanwhile, I will keep off bird-chatchers till you and his reverence
get clear of these limed twigs. Ah! I see a gallant; I will go draw
William d'Aubigny aside while you pass forth."

And now again Sir William proceeded on his expedition, and conducted
his gentle companion beyond the precincts of the palace. As they
parted one from the other, Monina, in a brief energetic manner,
delivered the message of the departed Queen to the good Chamberlain:
he was more disconcerted than surprised, and the reflection, that
Clifford was a party to the secret, added to his consternation. He
felt how far he was compromised by the introduction of Monina to the
young Queen; fear for a while palsied his better feelings; he replied
only by entreating her not to remain longer in London, but to embark
in all haste for France: he then quitted her, yet again came back to
ask where she sojourned in town, and turned away a second time, as if
to escape from his better self, and from the interest he felt in King
Edward's son, which impelled him to ask a thousand questions.

He returned to the court-yard of the Palace, and found Clifford pacing
its length in deep thought. Monina's words had awakened a thousand
ideas in his unquiet bosom. Since the event to which she referred,
when he delivered Richard from Frion's hands, he had run a headlong,
ruinous course. No character can be wholly evil; and Clifford's was
not destitute of good, though overgrown and choked up by weedy vices,
so that his better nature too often served but as a spur and incentive
to folly and crime. He was generous; but that led to rapacity; since,
unable to deny himself or others, if he despoiled himself one day, on
the next he engaged in the most desperate enterprises to refil the
void. He was bold--that made him fearless in doing wrong; and to drown
the gentle spirit of humanity, which too often for his own peace
sprung up in his heart, he hardened himself in selfishness; then, as
his sensitive, undisciplined nature received new impressions, he was
cowardly, cruel, and remorseless. He had never forgotten the princely
boy he had saved: he turned to that recollection as to one of the few
Oases of virtue in the far extended desart of ill, over which, in
hours of satiety or despondency, his sickening memory wandered.
Indeed, he was yet too young to be decidedly vicious, for at one-and-
twenty a thousand mere human impulses, unrepressed by worldly wisdom,
occasion sallies of kindly sympathy. The worst was, that Clifford was
a ruined man: his fortunes were nought, his reputation shaken on its
base: he veiled, by an appearance of hilarity and recklessness, the
real despair that gnawed at his heart, when he considered all that he
might have been--the worse than nothing that he was. Hitherto he had,
to a great degree, blinded the world, and he longed for some
adventure, some commotion, either public or private, that should refil
his emptied money-bags, and paint him fair in men's eyes: all these
considerations mingled incongruously to make him wish to know more of
the outcast Duke. He awaited the return of Stanley--he learned the
name of the Spanish girl: as they spoke, both became aware that the
other possessed a secret each dreaded to avow. Clifford first dashed
through the flimsy barrier of useless discretion, and related his
adventure at Lisle; meantime Sir William broke forth in lamentation,
that young Richard should have been induced to quit the security of
private life, to enter on an unequal and bloody contest, which could
only end in destruction to himself and his partizans, while England
would again be made the tomb of the Irish (the landing of Richard at
Cork was all that was then known), whom he might allure from their
woods and bogs to ravage the more gifted sister isle. A new light was
let in on Clifford at these words. Was the game already playing--the
box shaken--the die about to fall? This required his attention, and
determined his half-formed purpose of visiting, that same night, the
daughter of de Faro.




His father was a right good lord.
  His mother a lady of high degree;
But they, alas! were dead him frae.
  And he loved keeping companie. To spend the day with merry cheer.
  To drink and revel every night;
To card and dice from eve to morn.
  It was, I ween, his heart's delight.


It had been Monina's design to return to the protection of Lady
Brampton, immediately on the fulfilment of her task in England. The
appearance of Clifford suggested other ideas. It was the duty of every
friend of York to declare his existence, and claim the allegiance of
his subjects. It might seem a hopeless enterprise for her, a young
foreign girl to do this in the heart of the usurper's power; and yet
she fancied that she might attempt it with success. The most distant
prospect of serving her beloved friend was hailed by her with romantic
ardour; while the knowledge possessed by Stanley and Clifford,
promised to render her undertaking less nugatory in its effects. Her
purpose was quickly formed. She resolved to postpone her departure,
and to busy herself in replanting, in Tudor's own city of London, the
uprooted rose-bush, parent of the spotless flower. None but a woman's
fond enthusiastic heart can tell the glow of joy, the thrilling
gladness, that diffused itself through her frame, as this plan spread
itself, clear as a map, beauteous as a champagne country viewed from
some overtopping mountain peak, to her keen mind's eye. She rode to
London occupied by these thoughts, and on her arrival, announced to
the merchant friend, at whose house she resided, her intention of
remaining in England: the vessel that was on the morrow to have
conveyed her away would bear instead a letter to Lady Brampton,
explanatory of her hopes and intentions; that very night in the
seclusion of her chamber, she robbed some hours from sleep to write
it; her enthusiasm animated her expressions; her cheek glowed as she
wrote, for she spoke of services she might render him to who was the
idol of her thoughts; though with his idea she consciously mingled no
feeling save that of devoted friendship and an intense desire to
benefit. The weariness of spirit that oppressed her in his absence,
she did not attribute to him.

Thus intently occupied, she was unaware of a parley in the room
beneath growing into a loud contention, till steps upon the stairs
recalled her wandering thoughts; she looked up from her task; but her
gaze of inquiry was changed to an expression of heartfelt pleasure,
when Sir Robert Clifford entered the apartment. Here then her
enterprise commenced. There was something that did not quite please
her in the manners of her visitant, but this was secondary to the
great good she might achieve through him. Her eyes danced in their own
joy, as she cried, "Welcome, gallant gentleman! you are here to my
wish: you come to learn how best you may prove your allegiance to your
rightful sovereign, your zeal in his cause."

These words grated somewhat on the ear of a man who had hitherto worn
the Red Rose in his cap, and whose ancestors had died for Lancaster.
He did not, therefore, reply in the spirit of her wish when he said,
"We will not quarrel, pretty one, about names; sooth is it, that I
came to learn tidings of my princely gossip, and I am right glad that
fortune makes thee the tale-bearer. Prolong as thou wilt, I shall
never cry hold, while my eyes serve to make true harmony to the sound
of your sweet voice."

Much more he said in the same strain of gallantry, as he placed
himself beside the maiden, with the air of one whose soft speeches
ever found ready hearing. Monina drew back, replying, gently, "I am
the partizan, the vowed conspirator for a cause, whose adherents walk
as over the thread-broad ridge spanning an unfathomable gulph, which I
have heard spoken of by the Moors in my own Granada; I beseech you, as
you are a gentleman, reserve your fair speeches for the fortunate
ladies of your native land. I will be a beacon-light to guide you, a
clue for your use through a maze, a landmark to point your way;
meanwhile, forget me as I am; let me be a voice only."

"As soon forget sunshine or moonshine, or the chance of play when the
dice-box rattles," thought Clifford, as she clasped her little fingers
in the fervour of her wish, and raised on him her soft, full eyes: but
though he gazed with unrepressed admiration, he said nothing as she
told the story of Duke Richard's Spanish adventures, and last of his
attempt in Ireland and the embassy sent to him by King Charles. How
eloquently and well she told his tale! speaking of him with unfeigned
admiration, nothing disguising her zealous devotion. "Sir Clifford,"
she continued, "you are his friend. His cause will sanctify your
sword; it will call you from the paltry arts of peace to the nobler
deeds of chivalry; it will give you grace in the eyes of her you love,
defending and asserting your king."

She paused breathless from her own agitation; she looked up into his
thoughtful face and placed her hand on his; the soft touch awoke him
from a reverie in which he had lost himself.

"Maiden," he replied, "you plead your cause even too well; you have
cast a spell upon me; so that at this moment I would readily swear to
perform your bidding, but that, when I do not see your witch's eyes,
nor hear your magic voice, another wind may blow me right to the other
side. Do not call this courtly gallantry, would by Saint Cupid that it
were! for I am not pleased to behold my sage self fined down into a
woman's tool: nor is it love;--Thor's hammer could not knock a
splinter from my hard heart, nor the Spanish sun thaw its sevenfold
coat of ice. I never have loved; I never shall: but there is some
strange sorcery about you. When I next see you, I will draw a circle
round, knock my head three times on the eastern floor, and call out
'aroint!' This twinkling light too, and darkling hour--I must away:--
sunshine shall, when next we meet, protect me from your incantations.
Will you trust yourself? At tomorrow's noon a servitor of mine shall
await you at the gate of St. Paul's, dare you commit yourself to one
in the Devil's pay?"

All this incoherent talk was spoken at intervals; he rose, sat down,
stood over her as she patiently let him run his tether's length: his
last words were said in an insinuating, and, as well as he could
command, a soft voice, as he pressed her hand in his. She crossed
herself, as she replied, "Our Lady and my cause shall protect me,
while I adventure life fearlessly for its sake! Adieu till then, Sir
Knight: the saints guard you, and give you better thoughts."

The cavalier proceeded homewards, considering deeply the part he was
to act. He thought of what he might gain or lose by siding with the
Duke; and he was angry to find that the image of Monina presented
itself even more vividly, than his ambitious dreams. "God assoil me,"
thought he. "I will repeat a paternoster backwards, and so unsay her
sorceries. She has persuaded me, even as my own soul did before, that
the best mode to mend my broken fortunes, and better still to regild
my faded escutcheon, is to join Duke Richard. Yet, after all, this may
be mere magic; for once I will act a wise man's part, and seek old
gray-beard, my Lord Fitzwater."

Lord Fitzwater endured impatiently the harsh countenance Henry bore to
him, ever since he had permitted his young rival to escape. Some
question of right and law which implicated a large portion of his
possessions, had, as he believed, been unjustly decided against him
through the interposition of the king, who, on every occasion, sought
to mortify and injure the old man. He lived as the disgraced and
impoverished servants of a court are wont to live, neglected and
forgotten. He had no family. He loved Robert Clifford better than any
other in the world; and he, when suffering from disappointment or
loss, when his own pain reminded him of that of others, sought his
ancient friend--too seldom to please him with a show of reverence,
often enough to keep alive his affection.

If it were good for him to aid in the replanting of the White Rose, so
also were it well that Lord Fitzwater joined the same party. He talked
even to himself of asking his experienced friend's advice; he really
meant to endeavour to seduce him into a companionship in the projected
rebellion against Henry Tudor. In this spirit he paid his visit;
nearly three months had elapsed since his preceding one. The noble
received him coldly; so at once to break through the ceremony that
fettered their discourse, he cried, "I hear from soft Sir William
Stanley, that his Majesty has again said that he will find a way to
thank you for a service you rendered him some six years ago."

"I have long had knowledge of his Grace's good memory on that point,"
answered his Lordship, angrily; "and yours, methinks, might remind you
of the part you played. By St. Thomas, Robin, I believe you saw
further in the game than I. But what makes the King harp on this out-
worn tale?"

"Few know--we may guess. Have you not heard tell of a new king of
kerns and galolw-glasses? a phantom duke, whose duchy lies without the
English pale in Ireland? a ghost whose very name makes the King's
knees knock together as he sits on the throne? This ruffler, who calls
himself son of Edward the Fourth, the prince Richard of York, escaped
from the Tower, bears a strange resemblance to the hero of Lisle,
Perkin Warbeck."

"Would, by St. George, he were the same!" exclaimed the noble; "my
dagger should sever the entwined roses, our armed heels tread to dust
the cankered red blossom."

"You speak treason, my lord," said Clifford; "but you speak to a
friend. Let us talk more calmly. I, the playmate of the imprisoned
Prince, know that he, Perkin Warbeck, and the Irish hero are the
same--this I can prove: so much for the justice of our cause; as to
the expediency,--we, my good lord, are styled Lancastrians, but our
meed therefore is small. Tudor is a niggard king; Plantagenet, a young
and generous adventurer. What shall we say? Shall Fitzwater and
Clifford place the sacred diadem on this boy's head, and become chiefs
in the land where they now pine obscurely?"

Lord Fitzwater fastened his keen eyes on his companion, while his hand
involuntarily grasped his dagger's hilt. "I am not an old man," he
cried; "fifty-seven winters have shed no snows upon my head. I
remember when, at Tewkesbury, I smote an iron-capped yeoman who raised
his battle-axe against our young Edward, and clove the villain to the
throat. I can wield the same weapon--do the same deed now; and I am
thrown like a rusty sword among old armour--refused permission to
lead my followers to Calais. War in France!--it will never be: the
word is grown obsolete in England. Ambassadors thrive instead of
valiant captains; crafty penmanship in lieu of straitforward blows.
Art sure, Robin, that this youth is King Edward's son?"

This was the first step Clifford took; and the eagerness of Fitzwater
quickly impelled him to spread wider the narrow circle of
conspirators. The intelligence meanwhile, that the King of France had
received in Paris with meet honour a Yorkist pretender to the crown,
burst at once over England, spreading wonder and alarm. Some few
despised the pretensions of the youth; the greater number gave to them
full and zealous credence. Many, dreading Henry's sagacity and
harshness, recoiled from every thought rebellious to him; others
hailed with joy the appearance of a rival who would shake his throne,
and hold forth hope of disturbance and change. As yet this was talk
merely; nay, there was more thought, than spoken. Men expected that
some other would make the first move, which would put in play the
menacing forces mustered on either side. Monina saw with joy the work
well begun. She remembered the Queen's injunction to seek the Dean of
St. Paul's: in acquiring him, many reverent and powerful partizans
were secured. Her presence added to the interest which the mere name
of Richard of York excited. Many who disbelieved his tale, were eager
to behold his lovely advocate; they listened to her syren eloquence,
and ranged themselves on her side. Clifford watched jealously the
influence she acquired. When he first saw her, she had been an
untaught girl in comparison with the graceful, self-possessed being
who now moved among them. One feeling in her heart separated her
indeed from the crowd--but this was veiled, even to herself; and she
appeared courteous, benign to all. Clifford often flattered himself
that when she spoke to him her expressions were more significant, her
voice sweeter. He did not love--no, no--his heart could not entertain
the effeminate devotion; but if she loved him, could saints in heaven
reap higher glory? Prompted by vanity, and by an unavowed impulse, he
watched, hung over her, fed upon her words, and felt that in pleasing
her he was for the present repaid for the zeal he manifested for the
Duke her friend. Strange he never suspected that she was animated
towards the Prince by a deeper feeling. They had lived like near
relations from their childhood; that were sufficient to raise the
flame that shed so bright a light over her soul: that he was a prince,
and she the daughter of a Spanish mariner, forbade their union; and he
paid the just tribute to innocent youth, in not judging of its upright
purity by the distorted reflection his depraved heart presented,
whenever he dared turn his eyes inward.

Foundation was thus laid in England for a momentous combination.
Intelligence from the continent was gathered with keen interest. Early
in December the army of Henry recrossed the Channel: they brought word
of the favour and esteem Richard enjoyed at the French court, of the
zeal of the exiled Yorkists, of their satisfied assurance of his
truth. Next was spread abroad the news of his reception by the Dowager
Duchess of Burgundy, and the brilliant figure he made at Brussels.
What step would be taken next to advance his cause?

This was a fearful question for the actual King of England. He
redoubled his artful policy, while he wore a mask of mere
indifference. The Yorkists, not yet considerable enough to act openly,
or even covertly to combine for any great attempt, felt fresh bonds
thrown over, new and vexatious tyrannies in exercise against them.
This served to unite and animate their chiefs; they each and all
resolved that, when fit opportunity armed their Prince, their swords
should at the same moment leap from the scabbards, darkly to be dyed
ere resheathed, or struck useless from their lifeless hands. The days
of St. Alban's and Tewkesbury passed in all their grim conclusions
before their eyes, but the event was worth the risk: defeated, they
lost nothing; victorious, they exchanged a narrow-hearted, suspicious,
exacting tyrant for a chivalrous and munificent sovereign; Henry
Tudor, the abhorred Lancastrian, for the grandson of York, the lineal
heir of Edward the Third--the true representative of the kings of the
glorious and long line of the Plantagenets.


  Like one lost in a thorny wood.
That rents the thorns, and is rent with the thorns.
Seeking a way, and straying from the way;
Not knowing how to find the open air.
But toiling desperately to find it out.

In the days of our earlier history, our commerce led us to have more
intercourse with Flanders than with France. That which journeyed
slowly and doubtfully from Paris came in all the heat of a first
impression from the Low Countries. A train had been laid before, which
now took light and blazed through the kingdom. The Duchess of
Burgundy's reception of the Duke of York, the honours rendered him at
her court, the glad gathering together of the fugitive English, gave
pledge of his truth, and promise of glorious results. Sedition began
to spring up in England on every side; even as, after a mild rain in
the birth of the year, a black, ploughed field is suddenly verdant
with the young blades of wheat. All who had, since the battles of
Bosworth and of Stoke, lived in seclusion or fear; all who from
whatever reason had taken sanctuary; men of ruined fortunes, who
desired to escape bondage; came singly or in small companies to the
coast, embarked for the continent, and hastened to the court of the
Dowager of Burgundy. All discontented men, who felt themselves looked
coldly on by Tudor, to whom they had yielded the throne of their
native land; many, whom it grieved and vexed to see the world stagnate
in changeless peace, desirous of novelty and glad of any pretence that
called them into activity, dashed headlong into revolt; nor were there
few, chiefly indeed among the nobility, who had lamented the fall of
the House of York, and hailed gladly this promise of its
resuscitation. The common adventurers and soldiers of fortune acted on
their single separate resolves; the noble adherents of the White Rose
drew together, that there might be plan and strength in their schemes.
They were cautious, for their enemy was crafty and powerful; they were
resolute, for they hated him.

Out, far in the low flats bordering the river Lea, there stood, in a
marshy hollow, a straggling village, now effaced from the landscape.
At its extremity was a solid, but gloomy, square, brick house,
surrounded by a moat, which the low watery soil easily filled even to
overflow; and the superfluity was received in a deep stagnant pool at
the back of the mansion. The damp atmosphere had darkened the
structure, and thrown a mantle of green moss and speckled lichen over
the bricks. Its fantastically carved and heavy portal yawned like a
black cavern's mouth, and added to the singularly desolate appearance
of the mansion. The village was but half inhabited, and looked as
struck by poverty and discomfort. The house belonged to the Clifford
family. It had been built, it was said, in Henry the Fifth's time,
when Sir Roger Clifford, a stern old man, following his sovereign to
the wars, shut up here his beautiful young wife, so to insure her
fidelity during his absence. Among her peers and gentle companions,
the Lady Clifford had doubtless been true to the bond that linked her
to her lord; but, alone in this solitary mansion, surrounded by ill
nutured peasants, pining for her father's pleasant halls and her
girlish enjoyments, no wonder that she found her state intolerable.
Age and jealousy are ill mates for youth and sprightliness, and
suspicion easily begets that which it abhors even to imagine. One who
had loved her in her virgin days, introduced himself into her suite;
the brief months of stolen happiness passed by, and the green stagnant
pool was, they said, the cold sepulchre of the betrayed lovers. Since
then, during the wars of York and Lancaster, this house had been the
resort of Clifford's followers: and, when the White Rose became
supreme, that alone of the family possessions had not been forfeited
to the crown: it was the last relic of Sir Robert's fortunes. His few
tenantry, hard pressed for rent to satisfy his necessities, had
deserted their abodes; the green acres had passed into other hands; a
band of poor cotters alone remained, and this old house haunted by the
ghosts of those who slept beneath the waveless pool, dilapidated,
disfurnished. Yet here the wild knight had held lawless carousals;
hither he sometimes fled to hide after some ruinous loss, or when he
was pursued by those who sought to avenge insults committed during
drunken brawls.

Now it would seem some orgie was mediated: liveried servants, one or
two only bearing Clifford's coat, the rest wearing different badges,
as belonging to different masters, had arrived during the previous
day. Some of the ruined huts were pulled down to supply firewood, and
the old chimnies sent out volumes of smoke; various carts, laden, some
with eatables, fat bucks, young calves, pheasants, hares, and
partridges, piles of bread, seven hooped casks of wine, were unladen
in the mildew-stained hall. Other carts followed the first, bearing
bedding, apparel, furniture, and, it was whispered by the idling
villagers, arms. Several apartments were strewed thick with rushes,
and the blazing fires, in spite of the tattered plaster and stained
ceilings, imparted cheerfulness to the rooms. There was need of
internal warmth; a thick snow-storm fell, sheeting the low fields,
which, uninterspersed by trees, now looked doubly wild and drear. The
waters of the moat and pool were frozen; a sharp north-wind whistled
round the house. For the first time for many years its poor dependents
were cheered during the severe season by the crumbs, or rather large
portions of superfluous food, from the mansion of their landlord.

The first guest that arrived came in a close litter, attended by a
Moorish servant, and Clifford himself on horseback. Monina had
forgotten her Flemish home: bright Andalusia, its orange groves,
myrtle and geranium hedges, the evergreen forests which embowered
Alcala, and the fertile laughing Vega of Granada, formed her image of
such portions of fair earth, as, unincumbered by houses, afforded on
its green and various surface sustenance to its inhabitants. She
shivered before the northern blast, and gazed appalled on the white
plain, where the drifting snow shifted in whole showers, as the wind
passed over it. The looks of the people, sallow, ill-clothed, and
stupid, made her turn from contemplating them, as she yet answered the
contemptuous and plaintive remarks of her Spanish attendant in a
cheerful, deprecating voice.

For two successive days other guests continued to arrive. They were
chiefly men of note, yet came atended by few domestics. There was Lord
Fitzwater, dissatisfied at the part of rebel he was forced he thought
to play; and on that account he was louder than any against King
Henry. Sir Simon Mountford was a Yorkist of the days of Edward the
Fourth, he personally hated Richmond, and looked on Richard's as a
sacred cause. Sir Thomas Thwaites had been a friend of the Earl of
Rivers, and gladly seized this occasion to avenge his death,
attributable to the dastardly policy of Henry. William Daubeny was
attached to the Earl of Warwick, and entered warmly into projects
whose success crowned his freedom. Sir Robert Ratcliffe, cousin of
Lord Fitzwater, had lived in poor disguise since the battle of Stoke,
and gladly threw off his peasant's attire to act the soldier again in
a new war of the Roses. Sir Richard Lessey had been Chaplain to the
household of Edward the Fourth. Sir William Worseley, Dean of St.
Paul's, was a rare instance of gratitude outliving the period of
receiving benefits; he had been a creature, and was a sincere mourner,
of the late Queen. Many others, clergy and laity, entered the plot; a
thousand different motives impelled them to one line of conduct, and
brought them to Clifford's moated-house, to conspire the overthrow of
Tudor, and the exaltation of the Duke of York to the throne. One only
person invited to this assembly failed, Sir William Stanley; each
voice was loud against his tergiversation, and Clifford's whispered
sarcasm cut deeper than all.

The debates and consultations lasted three days. After infinite
confusion and uncertainty, the deliberations brought forth conclusions
that were resolved upon unanimously. First, the house they then
occupied, and the village, was to be a repository for arms, a
rendezvous for the recruits of the cause. The conspirators levied a
tax on themselves, and collected some thousand pounds to be remitted
to the Prince. They regulated a system, whose object was to re-awaken
party-spirit in England, and to quicken into speedy growth the seeds
of discontent and sedition, which Henry's avarice and extortion had
sown throughout the land. Those who possessed estates and followers
were to organize troops. And last, they deputed two of their number to
go over to the Duchess of Burgundy, and to carry their offers of
service to her royal nephew. The two selected for this purpose were,
first Sir Robert Clifford, who had known the Duke formerly, and who it
was supposed would be peculiarly welcome to him; and secondly, Master
William Barley, a man advanced in years; he had combated in nearly all
the twelve pitched and sanguinary battles that were fought between
York and Lancaster. He had been a boy-servitor to the old Duke of
York; a yeoman of Edward's guard; an halberdier in Richard the Third's
time. He had been left for dead on the field of Bosworth, but came to
life again to appear at the battle of Stoke. He had risen in the
world, and was a man of substance and reputation: he was not noble;
but he was rich, zealous, and honest. The meeting lasted three days,
and then gradually dispersed. All had gone well. An assembly, whose
individuals were noble, wealthy, or influential, united to acknowledge
Richard as their liege. Foreign potentates declared for him; and hope
was high in every bosom at all these forerunners of success. Monina's
enthusiastic heart beat with ecstacy. Young--the innocent child of
unsophisticated impulse, her gladness showed itself in wild spirits
and unconstrained expressions of exultation. She and Clifford returned
to London together, for he contrived tacitly and unsuspected by her,
to instal himself as her habitual escort. Happy in expectation of her
beloved friend's success, she talked without reserve; and the genius,
which was her soul's essence, gave power and fascination to every
thing she said. She spoke of Spain, of Richard's adventures there, of
her father and his voyages. The name of Columbus was mentioned; and
the New World--source of wondrous conjecture. They spoke of the
desolate waste of waters that hems in the stable earth--of the golden
isles beyond: to all these subjects Monina brought vivid imagery, and
bright painting, creations of her own quick fancy. Clifford had never
before held such discourse. In hours of sickness or distaste, at
moments of wild exhilaration, when careering on a high-mettled horse
beneath the stars of night, fanned by a strong but balmy wind, he had
conceived ideas allied to the lofty aspirations of our nature; but he
cast them off as dreams, unworthy of a wise man's attention. The
melodious voice of Monina, attuned by the divine impulses of her
spirit, as the harp of the winds by celestial breezes, raised a
commotion in his mind, such as a prophetess of Delphi felt, when the
oracular vapour rose up to fill her with sacred fury. A word, a single
word, was a potent northern blast to dash aside the mist, and to re-
apparel the world in its, to him, naked, barren truth: So fervently,
and so sweetly did she speak of Richard, that Clifford's burning heart
was in a moment alight with jealousy; and the love he despised, and
thought he mastered, became his tyrant, when it allied itself to his
evil passions. He looked angry, he spoke sharply--Monina was
astonished; but his libellous insinuations fell innocuous on her pure
mind: she only felt that she feared him, half disliked him, and,
trembling and laughing as she spoke, said, "Well, well; I will not
care for your angry mood. You are going soon: ere you return, our
Prince will, by his own bright example, have taught you better things.
Learn from him diligently, Sir Knight, for he is all courtesy and

Clifford laughed bitterly, and a base resolve of lowering the high-
hearted York to his own degrading level arose in his breast: it was
all chaos there as yet; but the element, which so lately yielded to a
regular master-wind of ambition, was tossed in wild and hideous waves
by--we will not call the passion love--by jealousy, envy, and growing
hate. Short interval was allowed for the gathering of the storm; he
was soon called upon to fulfil his commission, and to accompany Master
William Barley on their important embassy to Brussels.

The scene here presented, operated a considerable change on these
personages; arriving from England, where the name of the White Rose
was whispered, and every act in his favour was hid in the darkness of
skulking conspiracy, to his court at Brussels, where noble followers
clustered round him, and the Duchess, with a woman's tact and a
woman's zeal, studied how best to give importance and splendour to his
person and pretensions. The spirit of the Yorkist party, in spite of
her natural mildness, still glowed in the bosom of this daughter of
Henry the Sixth's unhappy rival,--the child of disaster, and bride of
frantic turbulence. Opposed to the remorseless Louis the Eleventh,
struggling with the contentious insolence of the free towns of
Flanders, war appeared to her the natural destiny of man, and she
yielded to its necessity, while her gentle heart sorrowed over the
misery which it occasioned.

She first received Clifford and Barley; and with the winning grace of
a sovereign, solicited for her nephew their affection and support:
then she presented them to him--this was the fair-haired, blue-eyed
boy, whom Clifford saved, the gentle, noble-looking being, whose
simplicity awed him; whose bright smile said, "I reign over every
heart." The Knight shrunk into himself: how had he dyed his soul in a
worldliness which painted his countenance in far other colours.--He
was not deficient in grace: his dark-grey eyes, veiled by long lashes,
were in themselves exceedingly handsome: the variableness of his face,
traced with many unseasonable lines, yet gave him the power of
assuming a pleasing expression; and his person, though diminutive, was
eminently elegant, while his self-possession and easy address, covered
a multitude of faults. Now, his first resolve was to insinuate himself
into Richard's affections; to become a favourite; and consequently to
lead him blindly on the path he desired he should tread.

The Prince's spirits were high; his soul exulted in the attachment of
others, in the gratitude that animated him. Until Clifford's arrival
(Edmund was for the time in England), Sir George Neville, among his
new friends, held the first place. He was proud and reserved; but his
aristocracy was so blended with honour, his reserve with perfect
attention and deference to the feelings of others, that it was
impossible not to esteem him, and find pleasure in his society.
Clifford and Neville made harsh discord together. Richard,
inexperienced in the world, sought to harmonize that which never could
accord: Neville drew back; and Clifford's good humour, and apparent
forbearance, made him appear to advantage.

At this period ambassadors from Henry arrived at Brussels: they had
been expected; and as a measure of precaution, Richard left that place
before their arrival, and took up his temporary abode at Audenarde, a
town which made part of the dowry of the Duchess Margaret. All the
English, save Lady Brampton, attended him to his retreat. The
ambassadors, in their audience with the Archduke, demanded the
expulsion of Richard from the Low Countries, taunting the Duchess with
her support of the notorious impostor, Lambert Simnel, and speaking of
the Duke of York as a fresh puppet of her own making. They received
the concise reply--that the gentleman she recognized as her nephew,
inhabited the territory of her dowry, of which she was sovereign, and
over which the Archduke had no jurisdiction: however, that no
disturbance might occur in their commercial relations, which would
have roused all Flanders to rebellion, Maximilian was obliged to
temporize, and to promise to afford no aid to the illustrious exile.

Their audience accomplished, the ambassadors had only to return. They
remained but one night at Brussels: on this night, Sir Edward Poynings
and Doctor Wattam, who fulfilled this mission, were seated over a cup
of spiced wine, in discourse concerning these strange events, the Lady
Margaret's majestic demeanour, and the strangeness of her supporting
this young man, if indeed he were an impostor; when a cavalier, whose
soiled dress and heated appearance bespoke fatigue and haste, entered
the room. It was Sir Robert Clifford: they received him as liege
subjects may receive a traitor, with darkened brows and serious looks.
Clifford addressed them in his usual careless style:--"Saint Thomas
shield me, my masters; can you not afford one benizon to your gossip!
Good Sir Edward, we have ruffled together, when we wore both white and
red in our caps; and does the loss of a blood-stained rag degrade me
from your friendship?"

The bitter accusations of the Knight, and the Doctor's sarcasms, which
were urged in reply, awoke a haughty smile. "Oh, yes!" he cried, "ye
are true men, faithful liege subjects! I, an inheritance of the block,
already marked for quartering, because I am for the weak right, you
for the strong might. Right, I say--start not--the Mother of God be
my witness! Duke Richard is Duke Richard--is lord of us all--true son
of the true king, Ned of the White Rose, whom you swore to protect,
cherish, and exalt; you, yes, even you, Sir Knight. Where is now your
oath? cast from heaven, to pave the hell where you will reap the meed
of your lying treachery!"

Clifford, always insolent, was doubly so now that he felt accused of
crimes of which he did not deem himself guilty; but which would (so an
obscure presentiment told him) hereafter stain his soul. Doctor Wattam
interposed before Poyning's rising indignation: "Wherefore come you
here, Sir Robert?" he asked. "Though we are envoys of the king you
have betrayed, we may claim respect: Sir Edward, as a gentleman and a
cavalier--I as an humble servitor of the Lord Jesus, in whose name I
command you not to provoke to a bloody deed the messengers of peace."

"Cease to taunt me with a traitor's name," replied Sir Robert, "and I
will chafe no further the kindling blood of my sometime friend. Let us
rather leave all idle recrimination. I came hither to learn how wagged
the world in London town, and, as a piece of secret intelligence, to
assure you that you wrongfully brand this stripling for an impostor.
Be he sovereign of our land or not--be it right or wrong to side with
York against Lancaster--York he is, the son of Edward and Elizabeth;
so never fail me my good sword or my ready wits!"

The best of us are inclined to curiosity. A little fearful of each
other, the Ambassadors exchanged looks, to know whether either would
accuse the other of treachery if they heard further. "Good Sir," said
the Doctor, gravely, "methinks we do our liege service in listening to
this gentleman. We can the better report to his Majesty on what
grounds the diabolic machination is founded."

So, over another goblet, Clifford sat telling them how Richard had
long lived as Perkin Warbeck, in the neighbourhood of Tournay, under
the guardianship of Madeline de Faro; and he recounted the history of
his escape from the hands of Frion. Doctor Wattam carefully conned
these names; and then, in reply, he set forth how unworthy it was of a
Clifford to desert from Lancaster; how unlikely, even if it were true,
which after all his tale hardly proved, it was, that the outcast boy
could compete with success with the sage possessor of England's
throne. Poynings asked him how it pleased him to find himself at the
same board with a Neville and a Taylor, and hinted that, an exile from
his country and a traitor to his sovereign, this was hardly the way to
replenish his purse, or to gain anew the broad lands he had lost. The
service he might do Henry by a return to his duty, gratitude and
reward, were then urged by the priest, while Clifford listened in
dogged silence. His brow became flushed; his lips worked with internal
commotion. He felt, he knew, that he hated the very man whose cause he
espoused; but he was pledged to so many, a whole array of noble and
respected names came before him. Could he, in the eyes of these,
become a false, foul traitor? He refilled, and quaffed again and again
his cup; and at last so wound himself up, as to begin, "My friends,
you speak sooth, though I may not listen; yet, if you name one so
humble and distasteful, say to my liege--"

A page in green and white--the colours of Lady Brampton, entered,
announcing her speedy arrival. Clifford's wits were already disturbed
by wine; instinct made him fear in such a state to come in contact
with the subtle lady; he drew his cap over his eyes, his cloak around
his person, and vanished from the hall, ere his friends were aware of
his intention.

The interview between Lady Brampton and the gentlemen was of another
sort. Sir Edward had in her younger days worn her colours. She was
changed in person since then: but, when, after a short interval, he
got over the shock consequent on the first perception of the sad
traces of time on the cheek of beauty, he found that her eyes
possessed the same fire, her voice the same thrilling tone, her smile
the same enchantment. While the Doctor, who had loved her as a
daughter, and she regarded him with filial reverence, rebuked her for
what he termed her misdeeds; she replied with vivacity, and such true
and zealous love for him whose cause she upheld, that they were both
moved to listen with respect, if not conviction, to her asseverations.
She could not gain her point, nor win them over to her side; but, when
she departed, neither spoke of young Richard's rights, unwilling to
confess to one another that they were converts to his truth. She went.
The next day they departed from Brussels, and it became subject of
discussion, what step Henry would now take, and whether, by any new
measure, he could disturb the ripening conspiracy against his throne.


Oh, what excuse can my invention make? I do arrest ye of high treason here!

Henry's ambassadors had wrought little change on any except Clifford.
His words had been interrupted; they were nothing in themselves; but
their spirit, the spirit of treason, was in his heart. He made up his
mind to nothing; he looked forward to no certain project; but he felt
that hereafter he might betray his present associates to their arch-
enemy. As yet his conscience was not seared; the very anticipation of
guilt tortured him, and he longed to fly from thought. Another blind
impulse drove him on. He hated the Prince, because he was his
opposite; because, while he was a cankered bloom, his heart a waste,
his soul crusted over by deceit, his very person sullied by evil deeds
and thoughts, Duke Richard stood in all the pride of innocence. Could
he degrade him to his own level, there would be a pang the less in his
bosom; could he injure him in the eyes of his friends, render him, as
he himself had ever been, an object of censure, he would satisfy the
ill-cravings of his nature, and do Henry a wondrous benefit by
tarnishing the high character his rival bore, causing him whom his
adherents set up as an idol, to become a reproach to them.

Clifford thought that it would be an easy task to entice a gay young
stripling into vice. Richard loved hawking, hunting, and jousting in
the lists, almost more, some of his elder friends thought, than
befitted one on the eve of a perilous enterprize. Governed by Edmund,
attended by Neville, watched by the noble Duchess and vigilant Lady
Brampton, it was no great wonder that he had hitherto escaped error:
but Clifford went wilily to work, and hoped in some brief luckless
hour to undo the work of years. Richard was glad to find in him a
defender of his inclination for manly sports; an intimacy sprung up
between them, which it would not be the Knight's fault, if it did not
bring about the catastrophe he desired.

What then perpetually opposed all his measures? What, when he thought
he had caused the tide of temptation to flow, suddenly made it ebb and
retreat back to its former banks? Clifford, an adept in every art,
moulded himself to every needful form, and at last won the secret from
the deep recess of Richard's heart: he loved,--he loved Monina, that
living emblem of innocent affection; never, he had vowed, would he
disturb the sacred calm that reigned in her young heart, nor gift
ignorance with fatal knowledge. She knew not the nature of her own
feelings, and he would not withdraw the veil; but he was himself
conscious of being swayed by the tenderest love. He could not marry
her; his own misfortunes had arisen from the misalliance of his
father; she herself would have refused to injure thus his cause, and
have disdained him, if for her sake he had been inclined to abdicate
his rights: he would be her friend, her brother. With passion came
sorrow: he fled from sad reflection to the chase, to the exercise of
arms. But other temptation became blunted by this very sentiment: his
love grew more ardent by restraint; if he yielded in her absence to
the contemplation of her image, his soul was filled with a voluptuous
languour, from which he rouzed himself by attention to his duties or
hardy pastimes; but to every other form of pleasure he was cold. This
was a strange, incomprehensible picture to present to the world-worn
Clifford; he fancied that it must be a delusion, but he found all the
resistance of firm reality. To embitter his defeat came his own fierce
passions, and the knowledge that Monina loved his rival; they would
see each other, be happy in each other, and laugh him to scorn! He
concealed his jealousy, his disappointment: but double, treble rage
gnawed at his heart; hatred awoke in her most viperous shape, fanged
by a sense of inferiority, envenomed by envy, sharpened by the torture
of defeat. How little did any know--above all, how not at all did his
innocent victim suspect--the storm that brooded in his heart! There
was something in the very slightness and grace of his figure that was
at variance with the idea of violence and crime; and his glossing
tongue added to the deceit. Lady Brampton feared him a little; Frion
saw something in him, that made him pay greater court to him than to
any other--these were the only indications. Sunshine and calm brooded
over the earthquake's birth.

Meanwhile, Henry was not sleeping at his post. He saw the full extent
of his danger, and exerted all his energy to provide against it. His
immediate attention was chiefly directed to two points. In the first
place it was desirable to forge some tale, to account for the
circumstances that spoke so loudly for the truth of York's story, and
thus to degrade him from the high esteem in which he was universally
held; secondly, it became necessary to certify to the public the death
of Edward the Fifth and his brother in the Tower. We may well wonder
at his ill success as to the first point:--there never was concocted
so ill-fangled, so incongruous, and so contradictory a fable, as that
put together by Henry, purporting to be the history of the pretender.
He was himself ashamed of it, and tried to call it in. History has in
its caprice given more credence to this composition, than its
contemporaries gave; it was ridiculed and despised at the time even by
the partizans of Lancaster.

He was equally unfortunate in his second effort. To explain his
attempts we must go back to the time of Richard the Third. On repeated
reports being made to him of his unhappy imprisoned nephew's illness,
this monarch had commissioned Sir James Tirrel to visit him. The young
Prince had languished without any appearance of immediate danger, and
then suddenly drooped even to the grave. Tirrel arrived at the Tower
late in the evening, and the first intelligence he received was, that
the Lord Edward was dying. At the midnight hour he was admitted into
his sick room: his two attendants followed him no further than the
ante-chamber. He entered. The glazed eye and death-pale cheek of the
victim spoke of instant dissolution: a few slight convulsions, and it
was over--Edward was no more! With wild, loud cries poor little York
threw himself on his brother's body. Tirrel's servants, affrighted,
entered: they found one of the Princes, whose illness had been
represented as trivial, dead; the other was carried off, struggling
and screaming, by their master and an attendant priest, the only two
persons in the chamber. They departed two hours afterwards from the
Tower. Tirrel seemed disturbed, and was silent. They would perhaps
have thought less about it; but hearing subsequently of the
disappearance and supposed death of the young Duke, wonder grew into
suspicion, and in thoughtless talk they laid the foundation of a dire
tale out of these fragments. Henry had heard it before; now he
endeavoured to trace its origin. Tirrel, who for some time had lived
obscurely in the country, came to London--he was immediately seized,
and thrown into prison. Emissaries were set to work to find the three
others, the priest and Sir James's two servants. Only one was to be
found; and, when Tirrel was asked concerning this man, by name John
Dighton, he told a tale of ingratitude punished by him, which was
soothing sweet to King Henry's ear: he was speedily discovered and
imprisoned. Both master and follower underwent many examinations; and
it was suggested to each, that reward would follow their giving
countenance to a tale of midnight murder. Tirrel was indignant at the
proposal; Dighton, on the contrary--a needy, bad man--while he told
the story so as to gloss his own conduct, was very ready to inculpate
his master; and it grew finely under his fosterage. Henry saw that
without Tirrel's connivance he could not authenticate any account; but
he gave all the weight he could to these reports. Few persons believed
them, yet it served to confuse and complicate events; and, while
people argued, some at least would take his side of the question, and
these would be interested to spread their belief abroad:--Duke Richard
must be the loser in every way.

The spies, the traitor-emissaries of the fear-struck monarch, were all
busy; there was a whole army of them dispersed in England and
Flanders--none could know the false man from the true. To obviate
every suspicion, he caused his own hirelings to be proclaimed
traitors, and cursed at St. Paul's Cross.

The priests, ever his friends, were impiously permitted to violate the
sacrament of confession; and thus several unsuspecting men betrayed
their lives, while they fancied that they performed a religious duty.
A few names still escaped him--he tampered with Clifford and Frion
for them: the former was not yet quite a villain; the latter found
that he enjoyed more credit, honour, and power, as the Duke's
Secretary, than he could do as Henry's spy; besides, his vanity was
hurt--he wished to revenge himself on the master who had discarded

In nothing did Henry succeed better than in throwing an impenetrable
veil over his manoeuvres. Most people thought, so tranquil and
unconcerned he seemed, that he did not suspect the existence of an
actual conspiracy, fostered in England itself, containing many
influential persons among its numbers. All were sure that he was
entirely ignorant of their names and actual purposes. The many months
which intervened while he waited patiently, corroborated this belief,
and the conspirators slept in security. The winter passed, and they
continued to scheme, apparently unobserved; spring came--they
prepared for York's landing--for a general rising--for a sudden
seizing on many walled towns and fortresses--for the occupation of
London itself. A few brief weeks, and Henry's prosperity would be
shaken to its centre--his power uprooted--he and his children would
wander exiles in a foreign land; and another king, the gallant
descendant of the true Plantagenets, reign in his stead.

Thus occupied, thus prepared, were the Yorkists in England; at
Brussels, things were carried on more openly, and wore a more
promising appearance. The Duchess, Lady Brampton, Plantagenet,
triumphed. Sir George Neville anticipated with proud joy a restoration
of the fallen race of Warwick, and regarded himself already as another
king-maker of that house. Every exile looked northward, and grew
joyful with the thought of home. Frion became more busy and important
than ever; he had lately gone disguised to England, in pursuance of
some project. In another week they expected Lord Barry to join them
from Ireland: Clifford was amazed, vacillating, terrified. He knew
that Henry was far from idle; he was aware that some of the loudest
speakers in Richard's favour in Brussels were his hirelings, whom he
would not betray, because he half felt himself one among them, though
he could not quite prevail on himself to join their ranks. He believed
that the King was in eager expectation of his decision in his favour;
that nothing could be done till he said the word; he proposed
conditions; wished to conceal some names; exempt others from
punishment. Messengers passed continually between him and Bishop
Morton, Henry's chief counsellor and friend, and yet he could not
determine to be altogether a traitor.

Thus stood affairs; a consummation, all thought to be nigh at hand. It
was the spring of 1494, and the coming summer was to decide the fate
of York. A ball was given by the Duchess, in honour of her nephew; it
was splendidly and gaily attended. Clifford had been conversing with
the Prince, when suddenly he left the apartment: it was long ere he
came back, and slowly joined the principal groupe in the room,
consisting of the Duchess, the Prince, Lady Brampton, Neville,
Plantagenet, Taylor, and several others. Clifford's countenance was
marked by horror and surprise; so much so, that Lady Brampton looked
at him a moment without knowing him. Suddenly she started up and
seized his arm--"Holy Virgin!" she cried, "what had dressed your face,
Sir Robert, in this pale livery? what tale of death have you heard?"

The brow of Clifford became flushed, his lips grew whiter, as
quivering they refused to form the words he attempted to utter. Barley
had before this quitted the apartment: he rushed in now, crying aloud,

"Treason!" Neville repeated, laying his hand heavily on Clifford's
shoulder; "hear you that word, Sir Knight? Where is the traitor?"

Clifford in a moment recovered himself, answering, composedly, "Aye,
would I could point out the man--would that I could drag him forth,
the mark, the very target for the shafts of vengeance. We are lost;
the cause is lost; our friends; the good Lord Fitzwater. I would have
hid his name in the bowels of the earth!"

Already the festal hall was deserted; already the guests were
dispersed, to learn how wide the destruction had spread. By the
Prince's orders, the messenger from England was introduced before
himself and his principal friends: it was Adam Floyer, Sir Simon
Mountford's chaplain; escaped himself, he was the bearer of a
frightful tale. On one day, almost at the same hour, the Yorkist
conspirators were arrested. Lord Fitzwater, Sir Simon Mountford, Sir
Thomas Thwaites, Robert Ratcliffe, William Daubeny, Thomas Cressenor,
Thomas Astwood, two Dominicans, by name William Richford and Thomas
Poyns, Doctor William Sutton, Worseley the Dean of Saint Paul's,
Robert Langborne, and Sir William Lessey, were all seized and cast
into prison. Others had escaped: young Gilbert Daubeny, brother of
William, and Sir Edward Lisle, had arrived in Flanders. Others made
good speed and had fled to Ireland.


Oh, Clifford! but bethink thee once again.
And in thy thought oerrun my former time.
And if thou can'st for blushing, view this face!

"Where is the traitor?" Neville's question resounded through Flanders,
and was reechoed in groans from the English shores. Each man feared
the other; and saw the mark of Henry's malice on the brow of all. It
was a worse scene in England; executions followed imprisonment; the
scaffolds flowed with blood, and suspicion was still greedy of prey.
Among the papers seized by the King, there was found a letter from
Clifford to Lord Fitzwater, containing these words: "I do protest, my
Lord, that the proof of York's truth is most pertinent. You know this;
and yet he who cut the crooked rose-bush to the roots, still doubts:
forsooth, he is still at his 'ifs'--'if he were sure that that young
man were King Edward's son, he would never bear arms against him.'
Pray, deprive my Lord of his 'if;' for arms he must never bear: he is
too principal to any cause."

Henry tormented himself to find who this doubter might be: again he
sought to bribe Clifford, who was at first dogged that so much was
done without him, and then tried to barter his intelligence for Lord
Fitzwater's life. Such grace had he left, that he was ready to exert
his wits to save his former patron; this was granted. This noble alone
of the conspirators, who were laymen, was spared; he was sent prisoner
to Calais.

At the first word of discovery Monina's friends had endeavoured to
ensure her escape to Flanders; but her name was known to Henry, and
there was none whom he was more desirous to get into his power. She
remained concealed at a little distance from London; she grew mad in
inaction; the work of death and misery around, wound up her tender
spirit to torture; and the execution of her former friends filled her
with such horror, as made day hateful, night the parent of frightful
visions. After several weeks' seclusion, she all at once resolved to
visit London, to seek some one of her former friends; to learn whether
the tragedy was over, and what further mischiefs despair might have
engendered. She inhabited a solitary mansion, with one old woman, who
opposed her going, but vainly. Monina was too young to bear
uncertainty with any degree of patience. Some slight joy visited her
as she found herself on her road to London: before she arrived a heavy
rain fell, but she was not to be discouraged. Sir Edward Lisle, she
knew, had not been arrested; she was unaware of his escape, and
thought perhaps that he had not been discovered: she might get
intelligence from him. His house was deserted and empty: another hope
remained; Sir William Stanley. She knew his timidity, and resolved to
be cautious as to the manner of her visit. Sir William had ever been
peculiarly kind to the gentle maiden: fearing to see her openly, she
had often come to him by water: his mansion, near the Palace at
Westminster, had a garden upon the Thames: without exciting any
remark, she could land here: it was already night, and this favoured
secrecy. With some difficulty, in the city, where she then was, she
contrived to find her way to an obscure wharf, and embarked in a
wherry; fortunately, it was high water, and she landed without
difficulty in the garden, and dismissed the men. Now she began to be
puzzled as to how she should make her way, dripping with rain,
unexpected, to Sir William's presence. She had been accustomed to be
admitted by a little door opening on stairs which led to her old
friend's library; this was shut now. Suddenly she thought she heard
voices, and then perceived a thread of light that streamed through the
keyhole of the summer-house in the garden: there was a noise on the
water too, and a boat was paddled to the landing-place. Bewildered,
yet believing that all this secresy was connected with the grand
conspiracy, she moved towards the summer-house; the door was opened,
and the light falling full upon her, she saw several figures within,
and a female shriek burst upon her ear: quick steps were heard behind:
to retreat or go forward equally terrified her; when one of the
persons in the summer-house, a man in an uncouth foreign garb,
cried--"Thou here, Monina! What miracle is this? Come, come in, there
is danger in all we do."

Monina recognized the voice of Frion, and entered; there she saw one,
a lady richly attired, yet half disguised in a large black cloak. Fear
was painted on her cheek; her blue eyes were cast up to Heaven. A
female attendant with her seemed yet more terrified. About the room
were scattered globes and astrolabes, and all the gear of an
astrologer. In the lady, Monina recognized York's sister, Tudor's
Queen, the fair Elizabeth of England. At once compassion and respect
entered her heart; she addressed the royal lady with reverence, and
all that touching grace that was her sweetest charm; she assured her
of inviolable secrecy; she reminded her of their former interview.
Elizabeth grew calmer as she recognized her visitor at Shene: she
stretched out her hand to the Spaniard, saying--"I do indeed believe
and trust thee; thou shalt hear again from me:" then folding her
mantle round her, and leaning on her attendant, she quitted the house,
and with trembling haste embarked.

For many weeks after this scene Monina continued concealed in Sir
William Stanley's mansion. When the arrest of the conspirators had
taken place, Frion, balked in an attempt to escape, for safety's sake
had assumed the habit and character of an astrologer, and so far
worked upon Stanley's fears, and won him by his flattery, that he
permitted him to take up his residence in his summer-house. Frion was
a clever prophet, and too restless not to become notorious: it was a
good mode, he averred, to put hope in the hearts of the Yorkists, by
prognosticating all manner of success to them. His fame spread; the
Queen questioned Stanley about his new astrologer, and the confusion
the poor Chamberlain evinced, served only to excite her curiosity. She
sent one of her attendants to see what manner of man he might be, and
the subtle Frion profited by this little artifice, which Sir William
in his terror divulged, to entice the Queen herself to his cell; she
came, and the result of her visit was to bring Monina again before

Such were the agents still at work for York in London. Such the
materials Clifford strove to mould into a purpose of his own. There
was no reason, so many of the White Rose thought, to forego all their
plans, because one had come to a fatal end. Still Richard might land
in England, and make head against Tudor. On a smaller scale, with
lessened hopes and diminished ardour, a scheme of this kind was
canvassed. Clifford appeared its chief abettor, and encouraged it by
every means in his power; none were averse; it was not an enterprize
of such high expectation as the discovered one; but, undertaken with
speed, and prosecuted with energy, it might turn out as wel. England
was by no means tranquil; the metropolis itself was the scene of
tumults: these were raised to a ferment by the embargo Henry had found
it necessary to place on all communication with Holland, a measure
fraught with ruin to many of the richest merchants in London.

At this time, towards the end of summer, the King came up from his
palace at Shene, and held a court at Westminster. One of the immediate
subjects that brought him up, was a tumult in the city, to which the
embargo had given rise. A vast number of apprentices and journeymen
belonging to the ruined merchants, were out of employ, while the
traders from Hans, and other free German towns, who went among us by
the name of the Easterlings, got the commerce into their own hands,
and grew rich upon it. The sight of their prosperity was to the
starving Londoners, as the pressed rowel of a spur in a horse's side;
with the usual barbarism of the untaught and rude, they visited on
these men the fault of their governors--the discontent augmented till
it became loud, furious, and armed. Multitudes of those deprived of
their usual means, met, and, in a moment of rage, proceeded from words
to acts. They endeavoured to force and rifle the warehouses of the
Easterlings, who repulsed them with difficulty; nor did they disperse,
till the Mayor arrived with men and weapons, from whom they fled like
a flock of sheep. When tidings of this event was brought to Henry; he,
who saw in all things the multiplied image of the abhorred White Rose,
believed the Yorkists to be its secret cause. The day after his
arrival he gave audience to the Mayor, who reported that, from every
examination made, none appeared to have a part in it, except servants
and apprentices, nearly a hundred of whom were imprisoned in the

In giving a detail of this circumstance, the Mayor related that the
Easterlings declared, that at the first onset their richest store-
chambers must have become the prey of the rioters, but for the
interposition of one man. He was a sea captain, and had arrived but
the day before with his caravel, from Spain--they represented him as a
person of gigantic stature and superhuman strength. Entangled by the
mob in his progress through the city, he had no sooner discovered
their intent, than he contrived to make his way into the stilyard;
and, there combining the forces of the defenders, more by his personal
prowess than any other means, he beat back the invaders, and succeeded
in closing the gates. At the representation of the Mayor, Henry
commanded that this man should be brought before him, partly that he
might thank him for his services; and partly, for Henry was curious on
such points, to learn from him the news from Spain, and if more had
been heard of the wild visionary Columbus and his devoted crew, since
they had deserted the stable continent, to invade the hidden chambers
of the secret western ocean.

The King received the mariner in his closet. None were in attendance
save Urswick. There was something grand in the contrast between these
men. The courtier priest--the sovereign, whose colourless face was
deep-lined with careful thought, whose eyes were skilled in reading
the thoughts of men, and whose soul was perpetually alive to every
thing that was passing around him--and the ocean rock, the man of
tempests and hardships, whose complexion was darkened and puckered by
exposure to sun and wind, whose every muscle was hardened by labour,
but whose unservile mien bespoke no cringing to any power, save
Nature's own. He received Henry's thanks with respect, and replied
simply: he answered also several questions put to him concerning his
voyages; it appeared that he had but lately arrived from Spain--that
he came to seek a relative who resided in England. During this
interview a thought flashed on Henry's mind. In his late transactions
with Clifford, the base purpose had been formed of enticing the Duke
and his principal adherents to England, and of delivering them up to
their enemy; there had been some discussion as to providing, at least,
one vessel in Henry's pay, to make part of the little fleet which
would bring the Duke of York over. This was difficult, as suspicion
might attach itself to any English vessel; but here was one, with a
stranger captain, and a foreign crew, a man who knew nothing of White
or Red Rose, who would merely fulfil his commission. Slow on all
occasions to decide, the King appointed another interview with the

It so happened, that the news of the appearance of the Spanish
Captain, had penetrated to the Queen's apartments; and little Arthur,
her gentle and darling son, was desirous to see the countrymen of
Columbus, whose promised discoveries were the parent of such wonder
and delight throughout the world. The Prince of Wales must not be
denied this pleasure, and the Spaniard was ushered into the Queen's
presence. An enthusiast in his art, his energetic, though simple
expressions enchanted the intelligent Prince, and even compelled the
attention of his little sturdy brother Henry. He spoke in words,
borrowed from Columbus's own lips, of translucent seas, of an
atmosphere more softly serene than ours, of shores of supernal beauty,
of the happy natives, of stores of treasure, and the bright hopes
entertained concerning the further quest to be made in these regions.
Elizabeth forgot herself to listen, and regretted the necessity of so
soon dismissing him. She asked a few questions relative to himself,
his vessel; "She was a gallant thing once," replied her commander,
"when I took her from the Algerines, and new christened her the
Adalid; because like her owner, being of Moorish origin she embraced
the true faith. My own name, please your Grace, is Hernan De Faro,
otherwise called the Captain of the Wreck, in memory of a sad tedious
adventure, many years old."

"De Faro--had he not a daughter?"

Anxiety and joy showed itself at once in the mariner's countenance.
Monina!--Where was she? How eagerly and vainly had he sought her--
faltering, the Queen had only power to say, that Sir William Stanley,
the Lord Chamberlain, could inform him, and, terrified, put an end to
the interview.

Two days after--already had de Faro found and fondly embraced his
beloved child--Urswick, at the King's command, sent for the hero of
the stilyard, and after some questioning, disclosed his commission to
him; it was such, that, had De Faro been in ignorance, would have led
him to suspect nothing--he was simply to sail for Ostend; where he
would seek Sir Robert Clifford, and deliver a letter: he was further
told that he was to remain at Sir Robert's command, to receive on
board his vessel whoever the Knight should cause to embark in her, and
to bring them safely to England. To all this De Faro, aware of the
dread nature of these orders, assented; and, in Stanley's summer-
house, with the Lord Chamberlain, Monina, and Frion, it was discussed
how this web of treason could best be destroyed. There was little room
for doubt; Monina resolved to sail with her father, to denounce
Clifford to the Prince, and so save him and his friends from the
frightful snare. Frion still remained in England, to try to fathom the
whole extent of the mischief intended; though now, fearful of
discovery, he quitted his present abode, and sought a new disguise.
Stanley trembled at Clifford's name, but he saw no suspicion in his
sovereign's eye, and was reassured.

The Adalid sailed, bearing the King's letters to Clifford, and having
Monina on board, who was to unfold to the deceived Prince and his
followers the dangers that menaced them.

Already, as the appointed time drew near, most of Richard's partizans
were assembled at Ostend; a fleet of three vessels was anchored in the
port to convey them to England to fated death; the Prince himself,
with Clifford, so-journed in a castle at no great distance. Sir Robert
insinuated himself each day more and more into his royal friend's
confidence; each day his hatred grew, and he fed himself with it to
keep true to his base purpose; among the partizans of York sometimes
he felt remorse; beside the bright contrast of his own dark self,

Monina landed; and, the Prince being absent, first she sought Lady
Brampton--she was at Brussels; then Plantagenet,--he was expected, but
not arrived from Paris; then she asked for Sir George Neville, as the
chief of the English exiles; to him she communicated her strange, her
horrid tidings, to him she showed Henry's still sealed letter to
Clifford. What visible Providence was here, laying its finger on the
headlong machinery that was bearing them to destruction! Neville was
all aghast: he, who did not like, had ceased to suspect Clifford,
seeing that he adhered to them at their worst. He lost no time in
bringing Monina to the castle, but ten miles distant, where York then
was; he introduced her privately, and, wishing that she should tell
her tale herself, went about to contrive that, without Clifford's
knowledge or suspicion, the Prince should have an interview with her.

Monina did not wonder that her bosom throbbed wildly, as she remained
in expectation of seeing her childhood's playfellow, from whom she had
been so long absent. Nor did she check her emotion of intense pleasure
when she saw him, and heard him in her native Spanish utter
expressions of glad delight at so unexpectedly beholding her. Time had
changed him very little; his aspect was still boyish; and, if more
thought was seated in his eye, his smile was not the less frank and
sweet; she was more altered; her little but feminine form had acquired
grace; the girl was verging into the woman--blooming as the one,
tender and impassioned as the other; her full dark eyes, which none
could behold and not feel the very inner depths of their nature
stirred, were the home of sensibility and love. A few moments were
given to an interchange of affectionate greeting, and then York,
recurring to the mysterious mode in which Neville had expressed
himself, asked if any thing, save a kind wish to visit the brother of
her childhood, had brought her hither; she replied, by relating to him
the circumstances of her father's commission from Henry, and
delivering to him the letter for Sir Robert. The whole wide world of
misery contains no pang so great, as the discovery of treachery where
we pictured truth; death is less in the comparison, for both destroy
the future, and one, with Gorgon countenance, transforms the past. The
world appeared to slide from beneath the Prince, as he became aware
that Clifford's smiles were false; his seeming honesty, his discourse
of honour, the sympathy apparent between them, a lie, a painted lie,
alluring him by fair colours to embrace foulest deformity. The
exceeding openness and confidence of his own nature, rendered the blow
doubly unnatural and frightful; and Monina, who had half disliked, and
latterly had almost forgotten Clifford, was full of surprise and pain
to mark the affliction her friend's countenance expressed.

There was no time for regret. Neville interrupted them, and it became
necessary to act. Richard held in his hand the sealed proof of his
associate's falsehood: Sir George urged him to open it, so to discover
the whole extent of the treason. The Prince's eyes were at once
lighted up by the suggestion: no, no, because Clifford had been base,
he would violate no law of honour--there was no need for the sake of
others; his treachery discovered, was fangless; nor would he even
undertake the dark office of openly convicting and punishing: his
conscience and remorse should be judge and executioner.

Monina and Neville returned to Ostend. The Prince sent a message to
Clifford with some trifling commission to execute in the same town;
and Sir Robert, who had heard of the arrival of a stranger caravel
from England, was glad of an opportunity, to ride over to learn its
character. His feet were in the stirrups, when a page brought him a
letter from the Duke, which he was bid not to open till he had
departed. A sense of a mysterious meaning came over him. Was he
discovered? At the first dawn of this suspicion he clapped spurs to
his horse, and was already far away; then, impatient of uncertainty,
as soon as half the brief space to Ostend was measured, he took out
the packet, eyed it curiously, and, after many qualms and revolutions
of feeling, suddenly tore it open. King Henry's dispatch, written in
Urswick's well-known hand, first met his eye. Worse in action than in
thought, a cold dew mantled on his brow; and, while his heart stood
still in his labouring breast, he cast his eyes over a few lines,
written in Richard's fair clear Spanish hand:--

"This paper, joined to the mode in which it fell into my hands,
accuses you of treason. If wrongfully, accord permission that the seal
may be broken, and your innocence proved.

"Even if the mystery which this letter contains cannot be divulged nor
exculpated, all is not lost. Perhaps you are rather weak than guilty;
erring but not wicked. If so, return immediately on your steps; by a
frank confession merit my confidence. I were unworthy of the mediation
of the Blessed Saints, whom each night I solicit to intercede for me
before our Heavenly Father, were I not ready to pardon one who has
sinned, but who repents.

"If your crime be of a deeper dye, and you are allied in soul to my
enemy, depart. It is enough for me that I never see you more. If I
remain a fugitive for ever, you will lose nothing by deserting my
ruined fortunes; if I win the day, my first exercise of the dearest
prerogative of kings, will be to pardon you.



Shall I be the slave
Of--what? a word? which those of this false world
Employ against each other, not themselves.
As men wear daggers not for self offence.
But if I am mistaken, where shall I
Find the disguise to hide me from myself.
As now I skulk from every other eye.

One of the surest results of guilt is to deprive the criminal of
belief in the goodness of others. Clifford was discovered. Even, if
Richard continued true to his promise of pardon, his adherents and
counsellors might force him to another line of conduct. A dungeon and
death floated terribly before his confused vision. Flight, instant
flight to England, where by a full confession of many things he had
reserved, and the disclosure of an important unsuspected name, he
might still receive welcome and reward from Henry, was the only course
left him to pursue.

His thoughts were chaos. Shame and indignation raged in his heart. He
was a convicted traitor, a dishonoured man. "Oh, my envied father!" in
his wretchedness he exclaimed, "you died gloriously for Lancaster. I
live, steeped in obloquy, for the same cause. Abhorred Plantagenet!
what misery has been mine since first your name came to drug me with
racking poison! What have I not endured while I cringed to the fair-
haired boy! Thank the powers of hell, that time is past! Devil as I
have stamped myself, his arch crime, lying, is no more my attribute.
To the winds and men's thirsty ears I may cry aloud--I hate

It was some relief to this miserable man to array his thoughts in
their darkest garb, soothing his evil passions with words, which acted
on them as a nurse's fondling talk to a querulous child. His line of
conduct was fixed; he remembered Neville's sudden appearance and
departure the night before; he had brought the letter; he was waiting
for him at Ostend to seize on him, to turn to mockery the Prince's
promised pardon. Those were days of violence and sudden bloodshed: the
enemy a man could not visit with legal punishment, he thought himself
justified in destroying with his own hand; the passions of the
Yorkists, who found they had been driven into shambles instead of a
fold, must be fierce and dangerous. Without delay, he resolved to
embark in one of the vessels then in the roads; he hurried to the
beach; the wind seemed fair; there was a poor kind of hostelry, the
common resort of sailors near, from whence a signal could be given for
a boat to be sent off for him. While waiting for it, he quitted the
noisy vulgarity of the inn, and walked towards a kind of ruined tower,
that once perhaps had served as a light-house. In all the panic of
guilt, a roof, however desolate, appeared a shelter, and he sought it:
it was dilapidated and dark; there were some rude, narrow stairs
leading to the upper story; these he ascended, and entered what had
been a kind of guardroom, and started at the vision he beheld: leaning
against the aperture that had served for a casement, looking on the
wide green sea, was Monina. Her lustrous eyes turned on him--eyes
before whose full softness his violence, his insolence quailed; till
shame, despair, and rage, and the deep-seated arrogance of his nature
conquered his better feelings. She knew his crime, witnessed his
disgrace; there was no more to lose in the world. What more could he
win? His presence occasioned her much emotion. She had just quitted
Neville, who somewhat angrily remarked upon the Prince's illtimed
lenity, and spoke bitterly of all the ill Clifford, thus let loose,
might do in England. And here he was, about to embark for that very
island, where one at least, Sir William Stanley was at his mercy.
Gladly Monina seized on this opportunity to dive into his projects,
and to inspire by her energetic words the traitor's bosom with some
sense of right. She, alas! inspired passion only, and jealousy, that
now at last his rival would see her love-lighted eyes turned
affectionately on him; while all the reproach of which they were
capable was his meed. What such men as Clifford feel is not love: he
had no real friendship for the innocent girl; each feeling that
expresses the sympathy of our intellectual nature, was never
associated to him with the name of woman. As she spoke therefore of
his duties to God and man, violated, but not irretrievably, and with
soft persuasion entreated him to spare those whose lives hung upon his
word, he recovered his obduracy, and replied in a tone whose hollow
vaunting was at discord with the music that fell from her lips--"My
pretty maiden, I thank thee for thy good intentions, and if thou wilt
wholly undertake my instruction, will prove an apt scholar. Honesty
and I are too poor to be messmates; but if thou wilt join us--by God,
Monina, I mean what I say--the priest shall say grace for us, and we
will partake life's feast or fast together. I will sail with thee to
thy Spain, to the Indies of the West. England shall be a forgotten
name; the White or Red Rose, neither worse nor better in our eyes,
than any blooms that smell as sweet: if thou refusest this, here ends
the last chance for honesty; and be the victim who it may, I care not
so my fortunes thrive."

"Unworthy man!" cried Monina; "farewell! I go to England also: I to
save, you to destroy. Bounteous Heaven will look on our several
intentions, and shape our course accordingly. Henry will visit with
poor thanks your blighted purpose, barren now of its ill fruit. Mine
will be the harvest; yours the unlamented loss."

She would have passed him, but he seized her slender wrist. "We will
run no race," he cried; "if we go to England, it will be together:
listen to the splash of oars, it is my boat among the breakers. We
enter it together; it is vain for you to resist; you are my prisoner."

Monina trembled in every joint: she felt that in very truth she was in
Clifford's power. There rode her father's caravel; but he could not
guess her pressing danger: he would behold her depart, ignorant of the
violence she was suffering, ignorant that she was there. No help!--no
form of words was there, that might persuade the ill-minded Knight to
free her: her proud spirit disdained to bend; her cheek was flushed;
she strove to withdraw her hand. "Pardon me," said Clifford; "if my
fingers press too roughly; the slight pain you endure will hardly
counterbalance the fierce torture your words inflicted. Be patient, my
fellows are already here. Let us not act a silly mime before them; do
not oblige me to demonstrate too unkindly, that you are wholly in my

Hardly had he spoken the words when with a scream she sprung from him.
He turned; but before even he could see the gigantic form of De Faro,
a blow was struck which made him reel against the wall. It would have
been instantly followed by another, but that Monina had flung herself
on her father's breast, and he, supporting her, forgot his enemy, who
recovered himself, and drew his sword. He met the fierce glare of the
injured parent's eye, and shook. "We meet again, recreant!" were the
only words spoken by De Faro; and, as an elephant might snatch a
youngling antelope from the pursuit of a tiger, he took his daughter
in his arms, descended the steps with her, and, as Clifford stood
gazing on the sea, in such bitter mood as is the fruit of baffled
malice, he saw the mariner lift his daughter into the boat. It pushed
from the shore; and, with long, measured strokes, it swept the waves
towards the caravel, whose sails were again unfurled, while every
thing bespoke the readiness and anxiety of the crew to depart.

Ere the Adalid had reached the open sea, Clifford in his vessel was
but little astern. It was a race they ran. The caravel at first had
the best. Night concealed them from each other's view; and, in the
morning, already on the tranquil bosom of the Thames Sir Robert's
vessel was sailing alone towards London. By one of those strange turns
of fortune by which our purposes swim or are wrecked, De Faro, without
a pilot, unacquainted with the coast, missed the channel; he grounded
on a sand-bank at the river's mouth; and the tide which carried
Clifford so swiftly towards London, had several hours to run, before
it reached a height sufficient to float the other's vessel; the
situation was not without peril, and no boat even could be lowered to
carry the anxious Monina to shore.

The very day (it was now the month of January), that Henry heard of
Clifford's arrival in London, he removed his court from Westminster to
the Tower. Already he divined that his Lord Chamberlain was to be
criminated by Sir Robert; and, as Stanley possessed considerable
influence in the state, he wished to make his arrest as unexpected as
possible. Another motive worked upon the avaricious sovereign; seized
thus, without preparation or forethought, his jewels, his rich plate,
his valuable moveables, which might otherwise be secreted, now fell
the indiscriminate prey of confiscation; the Tower, at once a palace
and a prison, favoured this purpose. Here he received Clifford;
Urswick had already conversed with the traitor Knight, and represented
to him the necessity of ample confession. There was something in the
priest's manner that, like iron, entered Clifford's soul; he felt
himself, too truly, to be the abject slave, the despised tool of
power; there was but little need to use cajoleries or bribes with him
now; he was there, to be executed as a felon or pardoned as a spy,
according as his disclosures satisfied or not the callous-hearted

For his greater punishment, there clung to this unfortunate man a
sense of what he ought to and might have been, and a burning
consciousness of what he was. Hitherto he had fancied that he loved
honour, and had been withheld, as by a hair, from overstepping the
demarcation between the merely reprehensible and the disgraceful. The
good had blamed him; the reckless wondered at his proficiency in their
own bad lessons; but hitherto he had lifted his head haughtily among
them, and challenged any man to accuse him of worse, than greater
daring, in a career all travelled at a slower and more timid pace.

But that time was gone by. He was now tainted by leprous treachery;
his hands were stained by the blood of his deceived confederates;
honour disowned him for her son; men looked askance on him as
belonging to a Pariah race. He felt this; and even Monina, who had
last conversed with him in the summer house of the inn at Ostend,
would hardly have recognized him. He was then a bold-faced villain;
his step was haughty; his manner insolent. Now his gait was shuffling,
his appearance mean, his speech hesitating and confused. Urswick had
known him a gay ruffler; he started back: was this Sir Robert
Clifford? He was obliged to use with him the usual style of speech
adopted towards men in his situation; to speak of his duty towards his
liege; the propriety of delivering up the guilty to condign
punishment: hackneyed phrases, which sounded cold to the unhappy man.

There was no resource. At Henry's feet, kneeling before a King who
used him as a tool, but who hated him as the abettor of his rival, and
despised him as the betrayer of his friend, Clifford spoke the fatal
word which doomed the confiding Stanley to instant death, himself to
the horrors of conscious guilt, or, what as yet was more bitter to the
worldling, relentless outlawry from the society and speech of all,
however depraved, who yet termed themselves men of honour.

Henry heard him with feigned amazement; and with grating words of
insulting unbelief, demanded evidence of his chamberlain's treason:
these were easily furnished, yet, such as they were, they comprised
such irrefragable proof of the identity of the outcast Duke, that
Henry found, that, while they confirmed him more than ever in his
resolve that Stanley should suffer the severest penalty of his crime,
it made it difficult to bring forward the testimonials of his guilt.
This was for after consideration: Clifford was dismissed with cold
thanks, with promise of pardon and reward, and an haughty command
neither to obtrude himself again into the royal presence, nor to
depart from London without especial leave.

Henry's first act was to command Stanley not to quit his chamber in
the Tower. The next day before the hour of noon, the Bishop of Durham,
Lord Oxford, Lord Surrey, Urswick, and Lord Dawbeny, met in the fallen
chamberlain's apartment, for the purpose of examining him. A thousand
opposing feelings operated upon Stanley: accustomed to pay deference
to the King, even now he said nothing to displease him; and his
expressions rather spoke of compassion for him who very possibly was
Duke of York, than any falling off from his allegiance to the then
King of England.

This monarch was tormented by no doubts,--to be actuated by no pity.
Stanley's acknowledgment of the truth of the Burgundian pretender
roused his bitterest feelings. In addition, he was rich booty--which
weighed heavily against him; so that, when Bishop Fox remarked on the
villany and extent of his treason, Henry, off his guard, exclaimed--"I
am glad of it; the worse the better; none can speak of mercy now, and
confiscation is assured;"--nor did he in the interval before his
trial, nor after it, express one regret that the man was about to
forfeit his head, who had encircled his own with the regal diadem.

Tried, condemned; but a few days remained before on the fatal block
the rich, noble, prudent, royally-connected Sir William Stanley would
expiate his guilt to Henry. All wondered; many pitied; few thought of
soliciting for or aiding the fallen man; yet one or two there were,
whom this last blow against York filled with bitter regret. In a
secluded part of London Lord Barry, who had just arrived, Frion, and
Monina met. Barry came with intelligence that there had appeared in
Ireland a gentleman from Scotland, commissioned by its young monarch
to enquire into the truth of Richard's story; and, if indubitably he
were the man he pretended, to counsel him to visit Scotland, where he
would find friendship and aid. The Earl of Desmond also had just
arrived in London, and Lord Barry was in his company. This downfall of
Stanley called their minds from every other consideration. Monina was
peculiarly agitated and thoughtful. One evening she joined them late:
she was full of some project. "I can, I do believe, save our friend,"
she said: "the assistance I need is small--you, Master Stephen, will
hasten on board the Adalid, and bid my father have all in readiness
for sailing, and to drop down the river as far as Greenwich: you, my
dear Lord, must also take a part in my scheme--keep watch on the
river, right opposite the Tower, during the coming night and the
following: if you see a light upon the shore beneath its dark walls,
come towards it with a boat; the Blessed Virgin aiding my design, it
shall be freighted with disappointment to the Tudor, joy to us."

Lord Barry and Frion promised obedience, though they would have
dissuaded her from the risk; but she was devoted, enthusiastic, firm:
she left them, nor did they delay to execute her commission, and both
went down the river to De Faro's caravel. Here a new surprise awaited
them. The Duke of York and his friends had not been idle in the
interim. Each design, as it failed, gave place to another. They were
diminished in numbers, but now no traitors were among them. Their
hopes were few; but, unless the present time were seized, there would
be none. The false expectations Clifford had held out to them of
coalition and succour in England were lost, but attachment to York was
alive in many an English bosom: the preparations of arms they had made
still existed; it was resolved therefore in early spring to descend on
the English shores.

The Duke of York, deeply grieved by the ruin that visited his friends,
stung to the heart by Clifford's treachery, resolved meanwhile to seek
relief in action. Could not his presence do much? Unknown in England,
he might visit the Yorkists, rouse their affection, and form such an
union, as, assisted afterwards by his friends and their little fleet,
would contribute to ensure success. His friends did not approve of the
hazard to which he exposed himself: but every thing they alleged on
this score, only confirmed his purpose. "All endanger themselves--all
die for me," he cried; "shall I alone be ingloriously safe?" The first
sight therefore that presented itself to Lord Barry and Frion on the
deck of the Adalid, was Prince Richard and Edmund Plantagenet.

The Duke's presence did not change the purpose of Frison's visit. De
Faro got his vessel in readiness for the voyage; and Lord Barry, as
evening closed in, prepared to take his stand--not singly: Richard
insisted on sharing his watch; docile as he usually was, remonstrance
had now no effect; hitherto he had given himself up to guarded safety,
now he seemed in love with peril, resolved to court her at every
opportunity. The risk to which Monina exposed herself, made him
obstinate. He would have thought himself untrue to the laws of
chivalry, a recreant knight, had he not hastened to protect her; and,
more than this, for the inborn impulses of the heart are more
peremptory than men's most sacred laws--he loved; and a mother draws
not more instinctively her first-born to her bosom, than does the true
and passionate lover feel impelled to hazard even life for the sake of
her he loves, to shield her from every danger, or to share them gladly
with her.


I do not like the Tower, of any place.

At nine o'clock in the evening, York and Lord Barry took their station
on the Thames, at the appointed place. The boat was tethered to the
shore; and the rising tide brought them nearer to the banks. All was
dark, during the cold night of early February; to the right and left,
nothing was apparent save the glimmering water, and the only sound was
the rushing and rippling of the Thames, as it sped downward in its

"My mother greets me with a cold kiss," said the Prince; "In truth,
she has wedded mine enemy, and cast me out from my inheritance."

A brief pause ensued--a few minutes, which were freighted with the
cares and sorrows of years. Back, back young Richard threw his eye
over the skeleton shapes of the dead years; and again he sought to
penetrate the future. Dark as the starless sky, not one gleam of
comfort presented itself to the outcast's hope. But such state of mind
was unnatural to the ardent boy, and he sprung from it;

"Like to a lark at break of day, uprising

From sullen earth, to sing at heaven's gate.
he soared from groveling despondency into recollections of the labour
and love that had been expended on him. His harvest might never be the
crown at which he aimed; but, better still, the ambrosial food of
affection and devoted attachment, that filled him even to sweet

"A light! our beacon!" cried Lord Barry.

A small gleam appeared on the opposite bank. It moved; then returned
to its former place, and was stationary. They watched it, till they
became satisfied that it was the guide for which they were waiting.
The early matin service rung from several convents, and came pealing
faintly across the water. It was the dead of night; and the gentlemen
gladly exchanged their inert watch for the labour of contending with
the tide and floating ice, which impeded their way, as they rowed
across the Thames to where the light was now fixed.

The drear bank of the Tower-moat rose abruptly from the water-side,
and the waves lay murky dark beneath the arch of the Traitor's Gate.
The tide, which was setting in, carried them above the point where the
light was, to this spot. Their beacon indeed had disappeared; and, as
they waited its return, they floated idly on the river, merely giving
now and then a few strokes, to keep the wherry stationary. They did
not perceive that, while they thus curbed the tide, they had drifted
into an eddy which carried them fast down, till, jamming them between
the wall of the Tower and a near pile, their boat lurched, partly
filled with water, and resisted every attempt they made to extricate
it. The clouds were getting thinner before the pale waning moon; but
their fancied beacon light had vanished.

Their situation was sufficiently dreary. The cold was piercing. They
had difficulty in keeping themselves out of the water that lay at the
bottom of the boat. Lord Barry was a soldier, accustomed to hair-
breadth escapes and dangerous attempts; Richard a bold youth, who
thought that his best safety depended on his own exertions. They were
neither of them inclined to linger tamely in their present situation.

"Before our limbs get numbed with this biting breeze, we must use them
to our own benefit; your Highness can swim?"

"So say the streams of the Vega," replied Richard: "but the very
remembrance of those sweet brooks makes me shudder at the chilly bath
this ice-nourished river affords. I will reconnoitre the land, before
I attempt the freezing wave." With lithe, sinuous limbs he coiled
about the pile, and continued to raise himself to where a beam rested
on the upright post, and again was fixed in the turret, which spans
and guards the entrance to the Tower by water. He had hardly gained
this place, and he felt little cold as with nervous fingers he kept
fast in the position he had attained, when a ray of light fell upon
the water, streaming from out a window of the turret. It was but for a
moment, and it disappeared; but Richard's eyes had glanced keenly on
the illuminated spot. The transverse beam he had attained was but
little below the window; it had been grated, but two of the stancheons
were broken. This to our adventurer, suspended between the
unattainable sky and the icy wave, seemed a place of refuge. Carefully
and slowly, he with clinging knees and hands contrived to get along
the beam, to raise himself on his feet on it, and then to clutch the
broken iron bar, and hoist himself into a chamber of the Tower of

The immediate physical dangers that beset our adventurers were so
great (the least horrific of which was spending the night exposed to
freezing blasts, which Barry already felt chilling his very heart's
blood), that they both forgot the dangerous nature of the asylum they
were seeking. The Irish noble had, as well as darkness permitted,
followed the movements of his young companion; the same ray which
guided Richard to temporary safety, had showed to Barry the mode of
following him. He made the attempt; but, though stronger, he was not
so agile as his friend; besides, the minutes which had elapsed during
Richard's exertions, had enfeebled by numbing the other's powers; he
got nearly to the top of the pile--he felt his fingers slip, and that
he could hold on no longer. One desperate struggle he made to cling
closer; his grasp seemed rather to relax, than tighten, in the
attempt; and Richard, after a second, heard with horror his heavy fall
into the water. But Barry was more at his ease in the yielding wave;
and the very intensity of the cold, burning his skin, set his blood in
motion: the tide also had arrived at its height during this interval,
and had turned: without great difficulty the noble cleared, after a
few strokes, the abrupt banks that fence the Tower, and landed on a
quay below.

Richard heard the waters splash from under his strokes. The silence
was so entire, that he thought he could distinguish the change of
sound when the swimmer emerged, and plainly heard Lord Barry's shout,
in his own native Irish, of thanksgiving and good cheer. For a moment,
like lightning, it flashed into his mind, the thought of the ominous
refuge he had found; and he was tempted to leap into the water and to
rejoin his friend. But by this time the alarm of some one having
plunged into the river, had been spread by the sentinels. The court
became thronged; some hastened to the wall, others loosened the boats
tethered beneath the gate, and issued in them from under the dark
arch, over which Duke Richard had found refuge. By the glare of many
torches, they discovered the wherry wedged in, as has been described.
The splash attested that some one had fallen into the water: that some
one should escape from the fortress, was more readily present to their
imaginations, than that any should enter. They called to each other,
communicating their surmises and intentions; then one boat remained in
guard close at the gate, while the other rowed down the stream. Their
exertions must end in nothing, for Lord Barry had had full time to
ensure his escape.

Richard attended to all their motions: several of the men in pursuit,
had issued from the lower chambers of the turret in which he was: it
was not thus cooped up, that he chose to be found; all seemed still;
the only sounds came from the men in the boat; he descended the
stairs; he came out upon the court of the Tower; the dark fortress
frowned above, casting, in spite of the dull moon, a shadow dark
enough to hide him. Steps were heard approaching; he turned under a
dim archway; he ascended a narrow, steep staircase; the steps still
followed; hurriedly he opened a door, and entered a chamber; the men,
whoever they might be, were unaware of his presence; they passed the
door, turned down another gallery; the very echo of their steps died

Did he recognize the spot where he then stood? Well!--far too well!--
with a sickening feeling, an irresistible impulse to penetrate into
the very heart of the horror that made his pulses faint, he gazed on
the walls around. Was he then alone changed? had he sprung up into
manhood, thought, experienced, suffered; and had the material universe
stood still the while? He saw before him a small chamber, enlightened
by one deep-set window, half blocked up by projecting buttresses
outside: there was the pallet-bed, the prie Dieu, the little crucifix:
his infant limbs had reposed there; on that couch his brother had

This was the Tower! Ten years before he had escaped from its gloomy
walls; and had he done this only to return again, when maturer years
gave him a bitterer feeling of the ills he must endure? He had visited
England, guided by the traitor-spirit of Clifford it seemed; for he
had returned but to render himself a prisoner: yet at first these
thoughts were hardly so painful as the memory of his childhood. The
superstitious fears of the Tower, which haunted poor Edward, had made
it an abode of terror for both: how often had they lain in that bed,
curdling each other's young blood with frightful tales! His brother
had pined, and died. Now, true to the pious usage of the times, he
knelt to say a paternoster for his soul; he said another for his own
perilous state; and then, having, with entire faith committed himself
to the protection of his Father in Heaven, he rose with a cheered
heart and sustained courage.

What was he to do? He was in the Tower; a fortress so well guarded,
that of the unhappy beings confined there for life, none had ever made
their escape: high walls, numerous courts, and grated windows, opposed
his egress. The clock chimed one. It were as well to remain where he
was, as to go on. But it were better still to turn back: quiet would
soon be restored; he might attain the same room, the same window, and
leap thence into the waters below. He remembered wherefore he had
come; the hazardous enterprise of Monina, and the imprisonment of
Stanley. Now that he had attained this chamber, the whole Tower
presented itself, as in a map, to his memory: he knew where the rooms
allotted to state prisoners were situated: confident in his knowledge,
his feelings underwent an entire change; instead of considering
himself a prisoner in the Tower, he felt lord of its labyrinths.
Darkness was his wand of office; the ignorance of all that he was
there, was his guard; and his knowledge of the place, better than the
jailor's key, might aid him to liberate the victims of his enemy.

In this temper of mind he rejoiced that he had been unable to follow
his first impulse in leaping from the window; and he resolved on
making his way immediately to the part of the fortress inhabited by
the state prisoners. Blindfold, setting out from the point where he
was, he could have found his way; yet several images of barred and
locked doors presented themselves to his recollection, as intervening
between the spot where he then was, and that which he desired to
visit. He descended again into the court--he skirted the edifice,
keeping close to the shadowy wall--he saw the door but a few paces
distant, which led to the prison-chambers. At dead of night it must be
locked and barred, guarded by a sentinel, quite inaccessible to him.
He paused--he saw no soldier near--he walked on a few steps quickly;
the door was wide open--this looked like success--he sprung up the
steps; a man below cried, "Who goes there?" adding, "Is it you, sir?
My light is puffed out; I will bring one anon." Above he heard another
voice--there was no retreat--he went on, relying on some chance, that
might afford him a refuge under cover of mirky night from the two-fold
danger that beset him. A man stood at the door-way of the nearest
chamber; it was not possible to pass him--as he hesitated he heard the
words, "Good rest visit your Lordship--I grieve to have disturbed
you." Richard retired a few steps--the man closed, locked the door--
"A light, ho!" he exclaimed, and the Prince feared to see the servitor
ascend the stairs. The moon just beginning to show its clouded rays
threw a brief ray upon the landing, where Richard stood, and he moved
out of the partial radiance; the slight movement he made attracted
notice, which was announced by a challenge of "Who goes there? is it
you, Fitzwilliam? How is this? the word, sir!"

The Duke knew that, among the numerous and various inhabitants of the
Tower, many were personally unknown to each other; and that any
stranger visitor was not entrusted with the word--so he replied
immediately, as his best safeguard. "I was roused by the calling of
the guard. I knew not that such reveilles were usual; good night,

Those pay little attention to the impression of their senses, who are
not aware, that family resemblance developes itself in nothing so much
as the voice; and that it is difficult in the dark to distinguish
relatives. In confirmation of this I heard a sagacious observer
remark, and have proved the observation true, that the formation of
the jaw, and setting of the teeth is peculiar, and the same in
families. But this is foreign--enough, that, caught by the voice,
hardly able to distinguish the obscure outline of the speaker in the
almost blackness of night--the man replied, "I crave pardon, my good
Lord, you forget yourself, this way is your chamber. What, ho! a

"It needs not," said the Prince; "the glare would offend mine eyes--I
shall find the door."

"Permit me," said the other, going forward, "I will wait on your
Lordship so far. I wonder not you were roused; there was an alarm at
the river postern, and the whole guard roused. Sir John thought it
might concern poor Sir William; and I was fain to see all right with
him. It irked me truly to break in on his repose; the last he may ever

They approached a door; the man's hand was on the lock--Richard's
heart beat so loud and fast, that it seemed to him that that alone
must be perceived and excite suspicion--if the door were fastened on
the inside he were lost; but the man was in no hurry to try--he talked

"The Lieutenant was the more suspicious, because he gave credit and
easy entrance to his pretended stripling son, who craved for it even
with tears: yet when they met, we all thought that the Lord
Chamberlain did not greet him as a parent would a child at such a
time; the truth, indeed, we saw with half an eye, be she his daughter,
or his light-of-love; yet not the last, methinks, for she seemed right
glad to be accommodated for the night in a separate chamber--she is a
mere girl besides, and in spite of her unmeet garb, modest withal."

"When goes she? With the dawn?" Richard hazarded these questions, for
his silence might be more suspected than his speech; and the
information he sought, imported to him.

"Nay, she will stay to the end for me," said the man: "Sir William was
a kind gentleman, as I can testify, in his prosperity; and it is
little to let him have the comfort of this poor child's company for a
day longer: he dies on the morrow."

"Could I see this fair one?"

"By my troth, fair she is not, though lovely to look on, but somewhat
burnt, as if her mother had been a dweller in the south. If you visit
and take leave of Sir Stanley to-morrow, you may chance to behold her:
but I detain you, my Lord; a good night, rather, a good morning to
your lordship."

He unclosed the door; all was dark within, save that the chamber
opened into another at the further end, in which evidently a lamp was
burning. Kind thanks and a benison passed; Richard stepped within the
apartment, and the door shut on him.

What could this mean? Glad, confused, yet still fearful, the Prince
was almost deprived of the power of motion. Recovering himself with a
strong effort, he passed on to the inner chamber: it was a bed-room,
tapestried, strewed thick with rushes, a silver lamp suspended by a
silver chain to the grim claws of a gilt eagle, which was fixed in the
ceiling, gave token of rank, as well as the rich damask of the bed-
furniture and the curious carving of the couch and seats; the articles
of dress also strewed about belonged to the noble born: strange, as
yet Richard had not conjectured for whom he had been mistaken! He drew
near the bed, and gazed fixedly on its occupier. The short,
clustering, auburn curls were tinged with grey, yet the sleeper was
young, though made untimely old by suffering; his cheeks were wasted
and fallen in; the blue veins on his brow were conspicuous, lifting
the clear skin which clung almost to the bones; he was as pale as
marble, and the heavy eye-lids were partly raised even in sleep by the
large blue ball that showed itself beneath; one hand lay on the
coverlid, thin to emaciation. What manner of victim was this to
Henry's tyranny? nay, the enigma was easily solved: it must be the
Earl of Warwick. "And such, but for my cousin Lincoln, would have been
my fate," thought Richard. He remembered his childhood's imprisonment;
he thought of the long days and nights of confinement, the utter
hopelessness, the freezing despair, blighting the budding hopes of
youth, the throes of intolerable, struggling agony, which had reduced
poor Warwick to this shadow of humanity; he felt a choking sensation
in his throat as he bent over him; large drops gathered in his eyes;
they fell, ere he was aware, on the sleeper's wan cheek.

Warwick turned uneasily, opened his eyes, and half started up, "Whom
have we here?" he cried; "why am I disturbed?"

"Your pardon, fair gentleman," Richard began--

"My pardon!" repeated Warwick bitterly; "were that needed, you were
not here. What means this intrusion--tell me, and be gone?"

"I am not what you take me for, cousin Edward," said the Prince.

Now indeed did Warwick start: shading his eyes from the lamp he gazed
earnestly on the speaker, murmuring, "That voice, that name--it
cannot be--In the name of sweet charity speak again; tell me what this
means, and if you are--why this visit, why that garb?"

"My dear Lord of Warwick," said the Prince, "dismiss this inquietude,
and if you will listen with patience to the story of an unhappy
kinsman, you shall know all. I am Richard of York; those whose blood
is akin to yours as well as mine, have y'cleped me the White Rose of

The Earl of Warwick had heard of the Pretender set up by his aunt, the
Duchess of Burgundy; he had often pondered over the likelihood of his
really being his cousin, and the alteration it would occasion in his
fortunes, if he were to succeed. Shut out from the world, as he had
been so long, the victim of mere despair, he could not even imagine
that good could betide to any one, save to the oppressor of his race;
to see Perkin, for so he had been taught to call him, within the walls
of the ill-fated Tower, appeared to disclose at once his defeat. Even
when the Duke rapidly and briefly narrated the accidents that had
brought him thither, and his strange position, Prince Edward believed
only that he had been decoyed into the trap, which had closed on him
for ever.

Still Richard talked on: his ardour, his confidence in his own
measures, his vivacious anxiety already to put them into practice, his
utter fearlessness, were not lost upon one who had been dead to
outward impressions, not from want of sensibility, but from the
annihilation of hope. Some of his cousin's spirit overflowed into
Warwick's heart; and, in conclusion, he assented to all he said,
promising to do whatever was required of him, though after ten years
of lone imprisonment he almost shrunk from emerging from his listless


Let all the dukes and all the devils roar.
He is at liberty! I've ventured for him;
And out I've brought him to a little wood
A mile hence.

Morning, cold and wintry, dawned upon the gloomy chambers of the
Tower. York became eager to put in execution some plan of escape in
which Warwick should share; but Warwick was full of timidity and fear.
His prison was a frightful den; yet all without was a wide, pathless,
tiger-infested jungle. He besought his cousin to regard his own safety
only. Richard refused; yet the more he meditated, the more did
obstacles crowd upon him. After the lapse of an hour, Warwick was
called upon to attend early mass, as usual, in the chapel of the
fortress. Here he saw Stanley and the disguised shrinking Monina; and,
the service ended, attended them to the prison-chamber of the
Chamberlain, relating as he went, in quick low whispers, the history
of the preceding night. Both his hearers grew pale: one feared for her
friend, the other for himself; though on that score all cause of dread
was well nigh at an end. All three entered Stanley's cell, and found
there Prince Richard himself, whose active mind had led him to watch
his opportunity to pass hither unseen from Warwick's apartment.

The young Earl of March, arming for the battle of Northampton, looked
not so young, so blooming, and so frankly erect, as his uncrowned son.
Stanley saw at once who was before him, and, never forgetting the
courtier, addressed his Prince with a subject's respect. York was
struck by the placid, though somewhat worldly physiognomy of the man,
devoted to die, at the age when human beings are most apt to cling to
life; when, having weathered the storms and passions of youth, they
desire to repose awhile on the sun-enlightened earth, before they
enter the gloomy gates of the tomb.

The Prince spoke eagerly of escape--of safety--of life: Warwick, even
timid Warwick, urged an attempt at flight; while Monina kissed her
aged friend's hand, and turned her sweet eyes on him, saying: "You
will listen to him, though you were deaf to me."

Stanley alone was unmoved--"A thousand heartfelt, useless thanks, my
dear and honoured Lord, your poor servant renders; and even when
prayer for himself is most needed, earnestly he prays that harm to you
arise not from your unexampled generosity. I cannot fly; I do believe
that I would not, if I could: and I will spare myself the disgrace of
further endangering you, and of being seized myself in the coward's
act. Ask me not, with your beseeching eyes, my gentle, venturous
child, for it must not be. I die to-morrow; and this fate you would
have me avoid. Whither would you drag me from the block? To poverty?
to an unhonoured old age? a traitor's reputation, and miserable
dependance? I am a sinful man; but I trust in God's mercy, and he
holds out better hopes after the brief spasm of death, than you after
the torture of difficult escape."

More he would have said, but they were interrupted; they had not been
aware of any one's approach; and suddenly Sir John Digby, Lieutenant
of the Tower, entered. He was aghast to see one more than he expected,
one whose demeanour spoke nobility. Silence followed his entrance, nor
did words readily present themselves to the blunt soldier; at length,
addressing the cause of this wonder, he in an ironical tone of voice
asked--"May I, Lieutenant of this Fortress, delegated by his Majesty
to its keeping, be permitted to ask, fair sir, the name, station, and
designs, of my unbidden guest?"

"My answer to your two first questions," replied York, "would little
satisfy you; my design was to facilitate the escape of this virtuous
and unhappy gentleman."

"The King is infinitely your debtor, and I shall prove unmannered in
marring your intent."

"You do not mar it, Sir John," said the Prince; "my Lord Chamberlain
is a true man, and would rather lay his head on the block at his
liege's bidding, than carry it in security at the prayer of any other.
Sir William has refused to fly; and, my mission ended, I was about to
take my leave."

"Do so, young man; take leave--an eternal one--of Sir William, and
follow me. My Lord of Warwick, this is an unmeet scene for you to be
present at. This holy man comes to bestow the last words of pious
comfort my noble prisoner can receive in this world: please your
Lordship to leave them together uninterrupted. I am sorry," continued
the Lieutenant, addressing Monina, "to retract the permission I gave
you yesterday; but this strange incident must be my excuse: say a last
farewell to him you have named your father."

Monina dreaded too much the fate that might befall her friend, to
entreat for any change in this decree. Soon poor Sir William found
himself separated from the busy scene of life, shut up with the
chaplain. He was bid to remember and repent, and to prepare to die. A
dark veil fell before the vista of coming years, which was apparent to
the eyes of his late companions. He saw in the present hour--one only,
almost superfluous, added to the closing account. They beheld in it
the arbiter of their undivined destinies.

It is an awful emotion, when we feel that the "very shoal of time" on
which we stand, is freighted with the good and ill of futurity--that
the instant birth of the hour inherits our entire fortunes. Yet
Richard was proof against this rough testimony of our powerless
mortality. The ill had not yet arrived, with which he did not believe
he could cope; and more--now he was bent upon endeavouring to save
Stanley; for his own fate, though about to expose it to the most
unquestioned shape of peril, he had no fears.

Sir John Digby, followed by his new prisoners, paced back to his own
chamber, and then addressed his uninvited guest. "Fair gentleman," he
said, "again I crave to be informed of your name and degree, that his
Majesty may be duly made acquainted on whom to bestow his thanks. Your
speech and appearance are English?"

"Whoever I may be," replied York, "I will reveal nothing except to
your King. If he is willing to listen to disclosures nearly touching
his throne and safety, I will rouse him by a tale to shake sleep from
one who has steeped his eyes in poppy juice. To no other will I vouch-
safe a word."

Monina listened in terror. She would have given her life to beseech
her friend to retract that foolish word, but it was too late; while
his questioner, startled by his unforeseen reply, said "You make a
bold demand; think you that his Grace is of such common use, that it
is an easy matter to attain his presence?"

"I have said it, Sir John," answered York; "your liege may hereafter
visit with poor thanks the denial you give me."

The Lieutenant fixed his eyes on him; his youth and dignity impressed
him favourably; but he hesitated, confused by doubts of who and what
he might be. At last he said, "His Majesty is at present at his palace
of Shene, ten miles hence.

"The less reason, Sir Lieutenant," replied Richard, "that you should
dally in the execution of your duty. The life of your prisoner, the
fortunes of your King, depend upon this interview."

This was a riddle difficult for Sir John to solve; and he was about to
order his enigmatical visitant to the guard-room, while he should
consult upon the fitting conduct to pursue; when a beating at the
gates, the letting down of the draw-bridge, and the clatter of hoofs
announced fresh arrivals at the fortress.

The attention of every one was suspended, till, the usher announcing
the excellent Prince, the Earl of Desmond, that noble, attended by
followers, almost with regal pomp, entered. He cast his penetrating
glance around, and then unbonneting to the Duke, he said respectfully,
"Your Highness will believe that as soon as I heard of the position
into which, pardon me, your generous rashness has betrayed you, I
hastened hither to vouch for you, and deliver you from it."

To such a speech, so unexpected, so portentous, what answer? Richard
felt inclined to laugh, as he heard himself spoken to, in terms which
seemed to say that the discovery of who he really was, would occasion
his release; but he quickly discerned a hidden meaning beneath this
incomprehensible language, and he contented himself with graciously
thanking the Earl for his interference, while this noble turned to
address the wondering Sir John.

"Sir Lieutenant," said he, "I have a strange story to tell, fitter for
his Majesty's ears than those of a subject; but his Grace is absent,
and it were not well that this noble gentleman should be kept in
durance while messengers go to and fro. Rather dismiss your followers,
and I will confide a weighty secret to you, and bring such arguments
as will induce you to entrust the high-born youth to my care and

Digby was not much of a statesman; he had a simple heart, and
considerable veneration for rank. He knew that the Earl of Desmond had
been well received at court, and complied with his desire. The noble
then began a long explanation of parties and tumults in Scotland; of
the frightful death of James the Third; the accession of James the
Fourth; the discontent of several chief nobles, who wished to set up
the younger brother of the new king in opposition to him. "Your
Highness," continued Desmond, addressing Richard, "will pardon me for
thus introducing your name--this, Sir Lieutenant, is the Duke of
Rosse, who has come, and not vainly, to seek the assistance of our

Sir John bowed low and looked puzzled, while Desmond continued to
speak of disguise and secresy, of friendship for Stanley, and of the
rash design of Lord Barry of Buttevant and the young Duke to liberate
him, chiefly under the idea that thus they should best serve King
Henry, who must in his heart be loth to have his zealous friend put to
death through the falsehood of faction. "And now, gentle Sir," he
continued, "be guided by me; the King loves peace; he loves state
privacy; the very presence of the Duke in this country is a mystery;
you will do agreeable service by hushing up this youthful frolic.
Permit his Highness to accompany me; I will make fitting report to his
Majesty, who will be grateful withal."

There was a kind of confused tallying in the story; for Richard's
mysterious words were at no discord with Desmond's explanations; and
his excessively youthful and perfectly noble appearance were further
corroboration. Digby liked not the responsibility of keeping him: he
spoke of sending for the Bishop of Durham. Desmond exclaimed, "A
soldier have recourse to a priest--this England is a strange country!
Do as you will; only until the thumber of missals arrive, this is no
place of entertainment for the Prince. We will receive you and your
clericus at Walbrook; and I will entertain the royal gentleman till
you come."

Digby still looked blank and uncertain. Richard, who had remained
silent, now spoke: "Farewell, good Sir; in truth, I need your excuse
for my impertinent visit; but here it ends. When I travel to Scotland,
I will report the favour I met at your hands."

This sufficed. Sir John sullenly yielded: with a mixture of fear and
deference, he attended his visitors to the court; they crossed the
draw-bridge; and ere the Tower-gates closed behind them, they heard
the lieutenant order out a guard and his own horse, that without loss
of time he might communicate with the Bishop.

The Duke and his preserver rode gently enough down Tower Hill: scarce
had they reached the foot, before the Earl gave a sudden command to
his followers, who turned one way, as he, York, and Monina, who had
left the Tower at the same time, and was mounted on one of Desmond's
attendants' horses, went another. "Au galoppe, dear, my lord!" cried
the Earl, "we have but a short hour's grace--this way--still the
river to our left."

They galloped along with loosened reins. Arriving at the vale of
Holborn, they followed the upward course of the Fleet, so to reach the
open country; and many a wild field they crossed, and briary lane they
threaded--the country was flat, marshy, wild; skirted in various
directions by brown wintry woods, rarely interspersed by hamlets. The
river was their only guide; they followed its course for several
miles, till they reached the shelter of Caen Wood. "Thank St. Patrick
for this cover!" cried the Irish chieftain; "may my cousin Barry find
no let nor hindrance--you troubled stream will guide him well. We have
done a daring deed: for me, I have not ridden so far since my father,
God sain him! died--I am well nigh hors de combat."

The Prince assisted both his companions to dismount. Lord Desmond's
tale was soon told, of how Lord Barry had sought him and suggested
this mode of effecting York's escape. "With the help of your Moorish
friend," said the Earl, "no ill wind betide me--I shall be in Munster
before the riddle be half told; that is, if ever we reach the vessel.
By my faith! I would rather be knee-deep in a bog in Thomond, than dry
shod where I am!"

As day advanced, the situation of the fugitives became still more
disquieting. All was tranquil in the leafless wood; but, in spite of
the sun, it was very cold. Besides, they were in an unknown spot,
without guide; their sole hope being, that each passing minute would
bring Lord Barry to their assistance. Earl Maurice was thoroughly
disabled; he grumbled at first, and at last wearied out, lay on the
cold ground, and fell into a slumber. Monina, serious, timid, and yet
in spite of herself happy in her friend's safety, and in her own being
near him, was silent; while Richard, to escape from his own thoughts,
talked to her. When, for a moment, his conversation languished, his
eyes were fondly fixed upon her downcast face, and a strife of
sentiment, of ardent long-restrained love, and a torturous, but severe
resolve to protect her even from himself, battled in his heart; so
that, in all-engrossing love, every sense of danger was lost.

Desmond at last roused himself: "The shadows grow long; herbage there
is little for our horses, pasture for ourselves there is none--if we
stay we starve; if we stir, we--"

He was interrupted; strange voices came upon the wind; then the
crackling of boughs, and the sound of steps. Through the vista of bare
trees the intruders at length appeared, in strange array. There was a
band of ill-attired, ruffian-looking men, followed by women and
children; their swart visages, their picturesque, but scant and ragged
garb, their black hair and dark flashing eyes were not English. Some
were on foot, some on asses, some in a cart, drawn by two rough ill-
assorted colts--their very language was foreign. Richard and Monina
recognised a horde of Gitani, Bohemians, or Gypsies; while Desmond
looked in wonder on something almost wilder than the Irish kern.

The savage wanderers were surprised to perceive the previous guests
the barren woods had received--they paused and looked around in some
fear; for the noble appearance of the gentlemen made them imagine that
they must be accompanied by numerous attendants. York's quick wit
suggested to him in a moment of what good use such humble friends
might be. He addressed them; told them that they were travellers who
had lost their way, "And so we have encroached on your rightful
domain; but, like courteous hosts, I beseech you, gentlemen, welcome
us to your green-wood palace, and make happy, as you will grateful,
guests of us."

Thus invited, the whole horde gathered round--the women, fancying all
three of an opposite sex, were forward with their prophetic art.

"My fortune," cried Desmond, "shall not be told before supper; it is
an ill one, by the rood! at this hour. I have fasted since

Preparations were speedily made for a repast, while Richard, alive to
his situation, looked around for the most fitting object to address;
whose charity and aid he could hope to solicit with the greatest
success. One laughing-eyed girl glanced at him with peculiar favour;
but near her stood and scowled a tall handsome countryman of her own.
York turned to another, fairer, who sat retired apart; she looked more
gentle and even refined than the rest. He addressed her in courtly
phrase, and her reply, though ready, was modest. The acquaintance was
a little in progress, when one of the oldest among the sibyls, with
white hair, and a face of wrinkled parchment, hobbled up, muttering,
"Aye, aye, the fairest flower is aye the dearest to pluck; any of
those gaudy weeds might serve his turn; but no, my young master must
needs handle the daintiest bloom of the garden." Notwithstanding this
interruption, Richard still stood his ground, bandying pretty speeches
with one, not the less pleased, because, strictly guarded by her
duenna, she was unaccustomed to the language of flattery.

"Hast never a word for me, fair sir," said the crone, at last; "no
comparison of star and gems for one, who in her day has flaunted with
silk-clad dames--whose lips have been pressed even by a king?"

His father's reputation for gallantry, thus alluded to, brought the
blood into York's cheeks; forgetful of what import his words bore, he
replied hastily, "Sleep King Edward's faults with him, mother; it is
neither wise nor well to speak irreverently of those gone to their
doom--may God assoilzie him!"

"What voice is that?" cried the old woman; "if I boast, Heaven forgive
me, of his Grace's slight favour, your mother may take shame--" "Your
words are naught," cried York, interrupting her, "my mother's is a
sacred name--yet, tell me in very truth, and give me some sign that
indeed you knew my father."

The word passed his lips before he was aware, but being spoken, he
felt that it were best not to recede. Seizing the old woman's
shrivelled hand, he said, "Look--use thy art--read my palm: read
rather my features, and learn indeed who I am: I am in danger; you may
betray, or you may save me, choose which you will--I am the Duke of

An exclamation checked, a look of boundless surprise, changed into a
cautious glance around, attested the Gypsy's wish to serve the
venturous youth. "Rash boy," she answered, in a low voice, "what idle,
or what mortal words are these! How art thou here? With what hope?
What aid?"

"Frankly, none but what I derive from your bounty. I have escaped
worse peril, so do not fear but that God will protect me; and even
turn to profit my parent's sin, if his kiss purchase his son's life."

"Young sir," said the Gypsy, with great seriousness, "the flower of
love is gay--its fruit too often bitter. So does she know on whose
account I wickedly and shamelessly did the Foul Fiend's bidding, and
ruined a sinless soul to gratify the pleasure-loving king. But thou
hast paid the penalty: thou and thine, who have been called by the
ill-word; thrust from thy place by thy crook-back uncle; and now art
nearer a dungeon than a throne, through thy father's fault. I will
serve and save thee; tell me quickly, who are thy companions--whither
thou wouldst go? that I may judge the best to be done."

It is to be observed, that at the very beginning of this colloquy, the
young girl, whom York had first addressed, had stolen away. Now he
replied by mentioning the lameness of his elder friend, and his
resolve not to be divided from the other. He spoke of the Adalid, and
of his further wish to be awhile concealed in England. The old woman
continued silent, wrapt in thought. At length she raised her head--"It
can be done, and it shall," she said, half to herself, "Come now, they
are serving our homely fare. You, who are young, and ill apt for
penance, must eat before you go."

The savoury steams of the well-filled and rustic marmite, gave force
to her words, and to Richard's appetite. The repast was plentiful and
gay, and even too long. Evening was far advanced, the fire grew light
in the dusk, and threw its fitful rays upon the strange and
incongruous feasters. Monina had cowered close to Richard; the cup
went round; scarcely did she put it to her lips; a rude companion of
the crew made some rough jest on her sobriety. Richard's face lighted
up with anger: his watchful old friend stept forward, in her own
jargon she made some communication to her associates, which caused a
universal pause, and then a stir: it was evident some movement was
intended. She meanwhile drew the three fugitives aside. "In a few
minutes," she said, "we shall all be on our way hence; listen how I
would provide for your safeties." She then proposed that Desmond
should assume the disguise of one of the horde, and so be conveyed in
safety to the banks of the Thames, and on board the Adalid. She
promised herself to conduct the Prince and his young friend to a
secure refuge. The Earl, accustomed to find fidelity and rags near
mates, readily acceded to this proposal. In the solitary unknown spot
to which chance had directed them, environed by every danger, no step
was more perilous than the remaining where they were. York and Monina
were familiar with the reports of the gypsy character--its savage
honour and untractable constancy. The season was such, though the day
had been unusually sunny and warm, as to make a night in the open air
no agreeable anticipation; and Richard had a thousand fears on his
lovely friend's account. They all readily acceded to the old woman's
plan. Desmond was quickly disguised, his visage stained deep brown,
his whole person transformed; he was placed in the caravan, and the
horde was speedily in movement; the sound of their departing steps
died away. They had left a rude cart, to which York's horse, a strong
hack, was harnessed. The sibyl undertook to guide it. Richard and
Monina ascended the jumbling fabric. Soon they were on their journey,
none but their conductress knew in what direction; but they submitted
to her, and through copse and over field they wound their darkling


So love did vanish with my state.
Which now my soul repents too late;
Then, maids and wives, in time amend.
For love and beauty will have end.

Oh, it grieves my soul
That I must draw this metal from my side
To be a widow-maker!

Seated in the rude gypsy-cart, guided, protected, by the uncouth being
into whose hands he had so strangely fallen, Richard for the first
time felt the degradation and low fortune to which his aspirations, at
variance with his means, made him liable. With a strong effort he
dismissed these painful ideas, and fixed his contemplation on mightier
objects, which gilded his mean estate, or were rather the "gold
o'erdusted" by such extraneous poverty. To rise from this lowliness to
a throne were an emprise worthy his ambition. Was he not a few hours
ago a prisoner in the terror-striking Tower? And now he was free--free
in his England; which, when the battle-day was come and past, would
claim him for her own. A few words from Monina interrupted the
silence: she sat at his feet, and they conversed in whispers in
Spanish. Night had gathered round them; Monina, in all the innocence
of her pure heart, was supremely happy: to be near her friend in his
disasters, united to him in his peril, was a more rapturous destiny to
her than the world's best pomp, and he absent. No busy conscience, no
untoward thought, disturbed in her soul the calm of perfect bliss. She
grew weary at last; her head sunk on Richard's knee, and, overworn
with watching, she fell into a deep sleep. Richard heard her regular
breathing; once or twice his fingers played among her dishevelled
ringlets, while his heart whispered to him what a wondrous creation
woman was--weak, frail, complaining when she suffers for herself;
heroic fortitude and untired self-devotion are hers, when she
sacrifices herself for him she loves.

The cart moved on, Richard saw not whither; they almost stuck in some
flat low fields, and at last arrived at a solitary, miserable hut.
Monina awoke, when they stopt, and the gypsy told them that this
wretched dwelling was to be their asylum: the apartment they entered
was poor beyond meanness--a bed of straw piled in one corner, a rude
bench, formed the furniture; the walls were ragged and weather-
stained, and the outer crumbling rafters were visible through the
broken ceiling: there appeared to be neither food nor fire. The
inhabitant of the hovel alone was there, a white-looking, emaciated
female; yet with a look of such sweetness and patience, that she
seemed the very enshrinement of Christian resignation, the type of
sorrow and suffering, married to meek obedience to the supreme will.
She had roused herself from slumber at the voice of the gypsy, and
gathered her scant garments around her--scant and poor they were; her
coarse woollen dress was tied by a girdle of rope round her slender
waist; her head was wrapt in a kerchief; her feet were bare.

"Jane," said the old woman, "you will not refuse the shelter of your
roof to these poor wanderers?"

Such an address seemed strange, for the rich attire of her guests ill-
accorded with her poverty-stricken home; but she turned with a smile--
she spoke--and then a throb of agony seemed to convulse her frame--her
head swam; Richard rushed forward to prevent her falling, but she
shrunk from him, and leaned on the old woman, who said with a look of
triumph, "I knew how it would be; it is vain to hide a bright light
behind a veil of gauze! Yes, Jane, this is his son; and you may save
him from danger and death."

Jane Shore, the once lovely mistress of King Edward, now the miserable
outcast of the world's scorn, heard these words, as if they had been
spoken to her in a dream. After the death of her royal lover, she had
obeyed the impulse that made her cling to the soft luxuries of life,
and yielded to solicitations which tended to guard her from the sharp
visitation of the world. She had become the mistress of the Marquess
of Dorset; but sorrow and penury were destined to pursue her in their
worst shape--and wherefore? She had been good and humane; and in spite
of her error, even the sternest moralist might have pitied her. But
she was all woman, fearful of repulse, dreading insult; more willing
to lie down and die, than, fallen and miserable, to solicit uncertain
relief: squalid poverty, famine, and lonely suffering, were hers; yet
in all she preserved an unalterable sweetness of disposition, which
painted her wan face with its own soft colouring.

The old woman went forth to seek for food, and the two friends were
left for several hours alone with Jane. She gazed affectionately on
the youthful Duke; she looked more timidly on Monina, whose sex could
not be said to be disguised by her page's dress: the fallen woman
fears women, their self-sufficient virtues and cold reprobation; yet
the sensibility of Monina's countenance, and the soft expression of
her eyes, so all-powerful in their sweetness, could not be mistaken;
and her first shrinking from censure was exchanged for even a more
painful feeling. They were a lovely pair, these lone guests of
poverty; innocence sat on the brow of each, yet love beamed in their
aspect:--love! the two-edged sword, the flower-strewn poison, the
dread cause of every misery! More than famine and sickness Jane feared
love; for with it in her mind were linked shame and guilt, and the
world's unkindness, hard to bear to one, whose heart was "open as day
to melting charity;" and she feared that she saw in this sweet girl a
bright reflex of her early days. Oh, might the blotted mirror ne'er
pourtray a change like hers! "I am a living lesson of the woes of
love," thought poor Jane; "may this chance-visit to my hut, which
saves young Richard's life, ensure her innocence!" Thus impelled, she
spoke: she spoke of the danger of their solitary companionship; she
adjured York to fly the delusive charm--for love's own sake he ought
to fly; for if he made her his victim, affection would be married to
hate--joy to woe--her he prized to a skeleton, more grim than death.
Richard strove to interrupt her, but she misunderstood his meaning;
while Monina, somewhat bewildered, fancied that she only alluded to
the dangers she incurred in his cause, and with her own beaming look
cried, "Oh, Mother, is it not better to suffer for one so noble, than
to live in the cold security of prosperity?"

"No, no," said Jane, "Oh, does my miserable fate cry aloud, no!
Edward, his father, was bright as he. Libertine he was called--I know
not if truly; but sincere was the affection he bore to me. He never
changed nor faltered in the faith he promised, when he led me from the
dull abode of connubial strife, to the bright home of love. Riches and
the world's pleasures were the least of his gifts, for he gave me
himself and happiness. Behold me now: twelve long years have passed,
and I waste and decay; the wedded wife of shame; famine, sorrow, and
remorse, my sole companions."

This language was too plain. The blood rushed into Monina's face. "Oh,
love him not," continued the hapless penitent; "fly his love, because
he is beautiful, good, noble, worthy--fly from him, and thus preserve
him yours for ever."

Monina quickly recovered herself; she interrupted her imprudent
monitress, and calmly assured her that her admonition, though
unnecessary, should not prove vain; and then both she and York exerted
themselves to engage Jane's attention on topics relative to his cause,
his hopes, his partizans, thus exciting her curiosity and interest.

Richard passed the whole of the following day in this abode of penury
and desolation. That day, indeed, was big with dire event. The morning
rose upon Stanley's death. In Jane's hut the hollow bell was heard
that tolled the fatal hour. The ear is sometimes the parent of a
livelier sense than any other of the soul's apprehensive portals. In
Italy, for three days in Passion Week, the sound of every bell and of
every clock is suspended. On the noon of the day when the mystery of
the Resurrection is solemnized, they all burst forth in one glad peal.
Every Catholic kneels in prayer, and even the unimaginative Protestant
feels the influence of a religion, which speaks so audibly. And, in
this more sombre land, the sad bell that tolls for death, strikes more
melancholy to the heart, than the plumed hearse, or any other
pageantry of woe. In silence and fear the fugitives heard the funereal
knell sweep across the desolate fields, telling them that at that
moment Stanley died.

Women nurse grief--dwell with it. Like poor Constance, they dress
their past joys in mourning raiment, and so abide with them. But the
masculine spirit struggles with suffering. How gladly, that very
evening, did the Duke hail Frion's arrival, who, in the garb of a
saintly pardoner, came to lead him from Jane's dim abode. In spite of
his remonstrances, Monina refused to accompany him: she should
endanger him, she said; besides that, his occupation would be to rouse
a martial spirit among the Yorkists--hers to seek the Adalid and her
dear father's protection.

Frion procured a safe asylum for the Prince; and here, no longer
pressed by the sense of immediate danger, his head was rife with
projects, his spirit burning to show himself first to the Yorkists, in
a manner worthy of his pretensions. The choice was hazardous and
difficult: but it so happened, that it was notified that in a few
weeks Lord Surrey's eldest sister was to marry the Lord de Walden, and
the ceremony was to be graced with much feasting and a solemn

There was magic in all the associations with this family for Richard.
In his early infancy, Thomas Mowbray, the last of the Dukes of Norfolk
of that name, died. It almost was beyond his recollection, that he had
been married to the little Lady Anne, the Duke's only child and
heiress. She died soon after; and the representative of the female
branch of the Mowbrays, John Howard, was created Duke of Norfolk by
Richard the Third. He fell at Bosworth; and his son, the Earl of
Surrey, though attaching himself to Henry the Seventh, and pardoned
and taken into favour, was not permitted to assume his father's
attainted title.

At this marriage feast the mother of his Anne, the dowager Duchess of
Norfolk, daughter of Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, so famous in the
French wars, would be present; and others of the Howard and Berkeley
families, all Yorkist once. The Prince could not resist the temptation
of appearing on the lists that day, where, if success crowned him, as
surely it would, he could with prouder hopes call on Surrey to
maintain his claims. Frion got gallant armour for him, and contrived
to have him, under another name, inserted in the list of combatants.

York's bosom swelled with pride and exultation, when he saw himself
among his countrymen--his subjects--with lance in rest and bright
shield upon his arm, about to tilt with England's noblest cavaliers.
It seemed to him, as if he had never asked more of fortune--and the
herald's voice, the clarion's sound, the neigh of steeds, the gallant
bearing of the knights, and charmed circle of joyous beauty around,
were like a voice from beyond life, speaking of a Paradise he had
left,--his own native home. But one emotion of disquiet crossed him:
as about to pass the barrier, Frion put his hand on his rein, and
whispered, "Beware of Clifford!" The Duke threw his eyes round the
vizored throng. With what gladness would he have singled him out, and
met him in fierce, mortal combat! A second thought told him that the
dishonoured man could not find place in this gallant company.

We will not dwell on the tilt, the thrust, and the parry, the
overthrowing of horses, and defeat of knights. Richard gloried in the
recollection of his Spanish combats, and the love he bore for martial
exercises, which made him, so boyish in figure, emulate the strong
acts of men. Fortune had varied; but, when at noon the pastime of that
day ended, the Prince remained victor in the field. From the hand of
the Queen of the Feast he was receiving his reward, when Surrey, who
had led him to her throne, was suddenly called away. The assembly
broke up; and Richard was half occupied by polite attention to the
Countess, and half by recollecting his peculiar situation, when the
Marshall of the Lists whispered him to follow--he led him to a
gallery, where Surrey alone was pacing backwards and forwards in great
agitation. He stopped when the Prince entered--motioned the Marshall
to leave them, and then in a voice of suppressed passion, said, "I
will not ask thee why with a false appellation thou hast insulted the
feast of nobles?--but well may I ask, what fiend possessed thee to do
a deed that affixes the taint of disloyalty to King Henry's liege

"My good sword, my Lord," said Richard, colouring, "were eloquent to
answer your questioning, but that you are much deceived; I am not
indeed that which I called myself; but honour, not disgrace, attaches
itself to my presence. I came to tell you this, to rouse the old
fidelity of the Howards; to bid Lord Surrey arm for the last of the
true Plantagenets."

"Saint Thomas speed me! Clifford then spoke true--thou art Perkin

"I would fain," said the Duke haughtily, "ask a revered lady, who
claims kindred with thee, what name she would give to her sainted
daughter's affianced husband?"

The language of truth is too clear, too complete, for the blots and
flaws of incredulity; the very anger Lord Surrey had manifested, now
turned to his confusion; the insult he had offered demanded
reparation; he could not refuse his visitant's earnest demand to be
led to the widow of Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.

Elizabeth, daughter of the gllant Talbot, was proud of her ancestry,
and disappointed in the diminution of her house. When her Anne was
affianced to the little Duke of York, and the nobility of Norfolk was
merged in the royal style of England, she had gloried; since then,
attainder and defeat had eclipsed the ducal honours of her race; nor
could she forgive the allegiance of its heirs to Lancaster. Often had
she pondered on the reports concerning Margaret of Burgundy's White
Rose; it was with agitation therefore that she heard that he was to be
brought for her to decide on his truth.

The Duke had doffed his helm: his golden hair clustered on the almost
infantine candour of his brow, and shaded to softer meaning the frank
aspect of his clear blue eyes. The aged Duchess fixed her dimmed but
steady gaze upon him, and at once became aware that this was no
ignoble pretender who stood before her. His dignity inspired Surrey
with respect: he hesitated as he introduced the subject of his
identity with Edward the Fourth's youngest son. The Duke, with a half
smile, began to speak of his boyish recollections, and his little
pretty play-fellow, and of one Mistress Margery, her gouvernante; he
spoke of a quarrel with his infant bride on the very wedding-day, and
how nothing would bribe him to the ceremony, save the gift of a pretty
foal, White Surrey, which afterwards bore his uncle Gloucester in the
battle of Bosworth. As he spoke he saw a smile mantle over the aged
lady's countenance; and then he alluded to his poor wife's death, and
reminded the Duchess, that when clad in black, an infant widower, he
had visited her in condolence; and how the sad lady had taken a jewel-
encircled portrait of her lost child, garnished with the blended arms
of Plantagenet and Mowbray, from his neck, promising to restore it on
an after day, which day had never come. Tears now rushed into the
Duchess's eyes; she drew the miniature from her bosom, and neither she
nor Lord Surrey could longer doubt, that the affianced husband of the
noble Anne stood before them.

Much confusion painted the Earl's countenance. The Duke of York's
first involuntary act had been to stretch out his hand; but the noble
hesitated ere he could bestow on it the kiss of allegiance. Richard
marked his reluctance, and spoke with gallant frankness: "I am an
outcast," he said, "the victim of lukewarm faith and ill-nurtured
treason: I am weak, my adversary strong. My lord, I will ask nothing
of you: I will not fancy that you would revive the ancient bond of
union between York and Norfolk; and yet, were it not a worthy act to
pull down a base-minded usurper, and seat upon his father's throne an
injured Prince?"

The Duchess answered for him. "Oh, surely, my noble cousin will be no
recreant in this cause, the cause of our own so exalted lineage."

But Lord Surrey had different thoughts: it cost him much to express
them; for he had loved the House of York, and honoured and pitied its
apparent offspring. At length he overcame his feelings, and said,
"And, if I do not this, if I do not assist to replant a standard whose
staff was broken on the graves of our slaughtered fathers, will your
Highness yet bear with me, while I say a few words in my defence?"

"It needs not, gallant Surrey," interrupted York.

"Under favour, it does need," replied the Earl; "and withal touches
mine honour nearly, that it stand clear in this question. My lord, the
Roses contended in a long and sanguinary war, and many thousand of our
countrymen fell in the sad conflict. The executioner's axe
accomplished what the murderous sword spared, and poor England became
a wide, wide grave. The green-wood glade, the cultivated fields, noble
castles, and smiling villages were changed to churchyard and tomb:
want, famine and hate ravaged the fated land. My lord, I love not
Tudor, but I love my country: and now that I see plenty and peace
reign over this fair isle, even though Lancaster be their unworthy
vicegerent, shall I cast forth these friends of man, to bring back the
deadly horrors of unholy civil war? By the God that made me, I cannot!
I have a dear wife and lovely children, sisters, friends, and all the
sacred ties of humanity, that cling round my heart, and feed it with
delight; these I might sacrifice at the call of honour, but the misery
I must then endure I will not inflict on others; I will not people my
country with widows and orphans; nor spread the plague of death from
the eastern to the western sea."

Surrey spoke eloquently well; for his heart was upon his lips. Prince
Richard heard with burning emotion. "By my fay!" he cried, "thou
wouldst teach me to turn spinster, my lord: but oh, cousin Howard! did
you know what it is to be an exiled man, dependant on the bounty of
others; though your patrimony were but a shepherd's hut on a wild
nameless common, you would think it well done to waste life to
dispossess the usurper of your right."


Farewell, kind lord, fight valiantly to-day.
And yet I do thee wrong to mind thee of it.
For thou art framed of the firm truth of valour.

The Duke of York was not of a temperament to sink supinely before the
first obstacles. Lord Surrey's deep-felt abjuration of war influenced
him to sadness, but the usual habit of his mind returned. He had been
educated to believe that his honour called on him to maintain his
claims. Honour, always a magic word with the good and brave, was then
a part of the religion of every pious heart. He had been nurst in
war--the javelin and the sword were as familiar to his hand as the
distaff and spindle to the old Tuscan crone. In addition, the present
occasion called for activity. The fleet, armed for invasion, prepared
by his noble aunt--manned by his exiled zealous friends--would soon
appear on the English coast, giving form and force to, while it
necessitated, his purposed attempt.

He possessed in his secretary Frion, a counsellor, friend, and
servant, admirably calculated to prevent all wavering. This man's
vanity, lionstrong, was alive to ensure his new master's success, and
to overthrow him by whom he had been discarded. He was an adept in
intrigue; an oily flatterer; a man of unwearied activity, both of mind
and body. It was his care to prevent York from suffering any of the
humiliations incident to his position. He obtained supplies of money
for him--he suffered none to approach who were not already full of
zeal--when he met with any failure, he proved logically that it was a
success, and magnified an escape into a victory--he worked day and
night to ensure that nothing came near the Prince, except through his
medium, which was one sugared and drugged to please. When he saw
Richard's clear spirit clouded by Lord Surrey, he demonstrated that
England could not suffer through him; for that in the battle it was a
struggle between partizans ready to lay down their lives in their
respective causes, so that for their own sakes and pleasure, he ought
to call on them to make the sacrifice. As to the ruin and misery of
the land--he bade him mark the exactions of Henry; the penury of the
peasant, drained to his last stiver--this was real wretchedness;
devastating the country, and leaving it barren, as if sown with salt.
Fertility and plenty would speedily efface the light wound he must
inflict--nay, England would be restored to youth, and laugh through
all her shores and plains, when grasping Tudor was exchanged for the
munificent Plantagenet.

In one circumstance Frion had been peculiarly fortunate. The part he
had played of astrologer during the foregoing summer, had brought him
acquainted with a young nobleman zealous in the cause of York, and
well able to afford it assistance. Lord Audley was of the west
country, but his maternal relations were Kentish, and he possessed a
mansion and a small estate not far from Hythe in Kent. Lord Audley was
of a class of men common all over the world. He had inherited his
title and fortune early in life, and was still a very young man. He
loved action, and desired distinction, and was disposed to enter
readily into all the turmoil and risk of conspiracy and revolt. His
aim was to become a leader: he was vain, but generous; zealous, but
deficient in judgment. He was a Yorkist by birth and a soldier by
profession--all combined to render him, heart and soul, the friend of
the wandering Plantagenet.

Frion led York to the mansion of this noble, and it became the focus
of the spirit of sedition and discontent to the country round. The
immediate presence of the Duke was concealed; but the activity of his
friends was not the less great to collect a band of partizans, to
which, when prepared and disciplined, they might present their royal
leader. Their chief purpose was to collect such a body of men as might
give one impetus to the county, when the invading fleet should arrive
on these coasts from Burgundy. Time was wanting for the complete
organization of their plan; for each day they expected the vessels,
and their operations in consequence were a little abrupt. Still they
were in hopes that they should be enabled to assemble an armed force
sufficient to facilitate the landing and to ensure the success of the
expected troops. Day and night these men were occupied in gathering
together followers. It was not long, however, before the wily
secretary discovered that some one was at work to counteract their
schemes. Those he had left transported with zeal for the cause
yesterday, to-day he found lukewarm or icy cold. Their enemy, whoever
it might be, observed great mystery in his proceedings; yet he
appeared to have intuitive knowledge of theirs. Frion exerted himself
to discover the secret cause of all the mischief--he was liberal of
promises and bribes. One day he had appointed a rendezvous for a party
of recruits, about a hundred men, who had been exercised for the last
fortnight, and promised well--none arrived at the appointed spot.
Frion rode sorrowfully through the dusk of the evening towards Lord
Audley's dwelling. He was overtaken by a horseman, with a slouched
hat, and otherwise muffled up: he rode at his side for a little way,
quite mute to all Frion's courteous salutations; and then he suddenly
put spurs to his horse, and was out of sight in a moment. Night grew
darker; and at the mirk-embowered entrance of a shady lane, Frion was
startled by the tramp of a horse--it was the same man:--"Maitre
Frion!" he cried.

"Sir Robert Clifford!"

"The same--I knew not that my voice was so treacherous," Clifford
began: he went on abruptly to declare that he was the counterminer;
he, the secret marplot of the sagacious Frenchman's schemes. He
displayed in all that he said a perfect knowledge of every
transaction, and of the Prince's present residence. By'r lady's grace,
he might have brought King Henry's archers to Lord Audley's very door!
Wherefore he had not done this seemed strange; his own account
perplexed. In truth, this wretched man, at war with guilt and with
himself, loathed the dishonour he had acquired. Like all evil-disposed
persons, he had no idea of purging himself from the foul stain by
frank confession and reformation: his project was to begin a new
career in a new country: to go where his own tarnished reputation was
unknown, where the cankerous name of York would poison no more his
native language by its perpetual recurrence. His violent passions led
him also to other conclusions; he hated Richard, and loved Monina; his
desire to satisfy both these sentiments suggested a project on which
he now acted, and which dictated his discourse with Frion. He showed
how from that very spot he might ride to London, and make disclosures
to the King; his knowledge of every detail of the Yorkist plans was
startling--ruinous;--his offer was simply this:--That the Duchess of
Burgundy should pay him a thousand golden crowns; that the Spanish
maiden, Monina, should consent to wed him; and that they should seek
together the golden isles of the western ocean, leaving the Old World
for York to ruffle in.

Frion desired time: it was necessary to consult Richard, and also
Monina; where should they meet again? Clifford would appoint neither
time nor place:--"I shall find you," he said: "I may draw your curtain
at dead of night; come on you with an armed band of men, whom you
think all your own. I will choose my own hour, my own audience-
chamber. You have but to get the damsel's consent, and to tell her,
an' you list, that she were better as Robin Clifford's wife, than as
the light-of-love of the son of Jane Shore's gallant." With these
words the Knight rode off; and being much better mounted than the
Secretary, put all pursuit to defiance.

Frion was full of thought. He said nothing to the Duke or Lord Audley;
but the following day hastened to visit Monina at Canterbury, where
she had resided latterly, in the character of a pilgrim to St. Thomas-
a-Becket's shrine. Frion had flattered himself that he could easily
persuade the young inexperienced girl, whose ardour for York he had
often admired. Yet he felt uncomfortable when he saw her. Monina
looked a little pale, and her dark religious garb gave no adornment to
her beauty; but there was in the innocence and tenderness of her full
dark eye, in the soft moulding of the cheek which harmonized with the
beautiful lids, and in her

"sweet lips like roses.

With their own fragrance pale, which Spring but half uncloses;"

--there was in all this a purity and soft appeal which even the
politician felt, who looked on mankind as mere agents in the drama he
caused to be acted. With some hesitation he brought out his story, but
of course grew bolder as he proceeded. Monina looked pained, but
said--"Double the number of crowns, and Sir Robert will content him.
My father will make my ransom good."

Clifford's speech and manner had convinced Frion that this would not
be the case; he tried to persuade Monina, and even repeated the
Knight's insolent message. Her large eyes grew larger, dilating with
surprize and indignation. He little knows woman, who thinks to govern
the timid thing by threats. "Answer that bad man," she said, "thus:
Monina will wed death, rather than crime and treason. Good master
Frion, you have done wrong by so insulting mine ears: it were enough
to drive a poor girl to eternal vows and a convent, to dream that such
words are spoken of her; and if I do not take that refuge, it is
because I will not desert my dear, fond, bereaved father--as soon I
shall prove; meanwhile we must not delay to secure our Prince from his
enemy's machinations. You know Astley, the poor scrivener in this
town? I defy Clifford to win him. Bring his Highness there, I will
prepare him. We must show a boldness to Clifford matching his own: let
us be fearless for ourselves; and for the White Rose we need not fear.
Stay; Clifford watches you; I will provide for the Duke's safety."

That very night by secret, unknown means (it might be through her
gypsy friend), Monina had communicated with York, and induced him to
take refuge with the man she named. Astley's father had been a soldier
in the cause of York, and had died on Bosworth Field, leaving an
unprovided widow and five children, one only among them being a son.
From his youth upward, the boy had struggled, not with privation on
his own account, to that he submitted without a murmur, but for the
sake of his mother and sisters, whom he loved with an ardour peculiar
to his sensitive and affectionate disposition. Weak in health and
strength, he had betaken himself to the occupation of a scrivener, so
meagrely to support them. It is probable that, in the frame of all,
there was a delicacy of organization that unfitted them for penury.
One by one they died. That spring had left Astley comparatively rich,
because he could well support himself, but miserable beyond words, for
he idolized all and every one of his lost relatives. Frion, had with
unwearied care, made an accurate enumeration of all in Canterbury who
had ever favoured the White Rose. Astley was on this list; he saw him,
and passed him over as useless. Chance brought him and Monina
together, who instantly detected his latent, unpractised talents, his
integrity and enthusiasm; now his habitation occurred as an
unsuspected and faithful asylum for her persecuted friend.

Frion was still at work; Clifford came on him suddenly, and heard with
unrepressed rage his rejection by Monina; his threats were unmeasured;
but the moment for putting them into execution to their full extent
had gone by. On the very day that York arrived in safety at
Canterbury, his fleet was seen off Hythe. In the morning the vessels
hove in sight; towards evening they bore down upon land, and anchored
in the offing. The land-breeze rising at evening tide secured them
from the dangers of a lee shore.

Hythe is situated at the water's edge. The cliffs, which at Dover
beetle so fearfully over the tremendous deep, have by degrees receded
from their apparent task of paling in the ocean, and as they retire
inland, lose their barren, precipitous aspect, and become green,
wooded hills, overlooking a grassy plain, which extends from their
feet to the sands, a distance of about half a mile. In the
neighbourhood of Hythe a ravine, the bed of a stream, divides these
acclivities, which on one side are abrupt, on the other softly rounded
as they gradually disappear. Arcadia seems to breathe from the fertile
landscape; the sunny uplands, the fringed banks of the rivulet, the
darker shadows of the wooded hills, are contrasted with the verdant
meadows, on which cattle and sheep graze. But the sea, the dark,
dangerous sea, with barking waves and vast encircling barrenness,
suddenly checks the beauty of the earth, adding magnificence to the
pastoral prospect.

A few days before, some gypsies had pitched their tents near the
stream: some of the wanderers had strolled down to Hythe; but they
were looked on for the most part with suspicion and fear. Now, while
at the close of day most of the inhabitants of the little town were
collected on the beach, gazing on the anchored vessels, two stout-
looking gypsy-men, with one old woman of their tribe, were lying on
the sands, occupied in their lazy way, by the same object, the vessels
in sight. The people of Hythe, fishers, or such poor traders as
supplied the fishermen with a few coarse necessaries, were rouzed from
the usual monotony of their lives by the aspect of this fleet. Added
to these, there were three or four mendicant friars; an old soldier or
two, disabled in the wars of the two Roses, and a few dependents on
neighbouring nobles or Franklins; while women and children of various
ages filled up the group. They all spoke of the fleet: it consisted of
five armed vessels; two of these were weather-beaten caravels, two
were low-decked Flemish smacks, but the fifth was one of prouder
build, and it bore a flag of pretension on its mizen. The French king
and the Spaniard were spoken of first; some thought it was a fleet
which had sought the unknown, golden lands, driven back upon the old
world by the continuous west winds of the last month; some said, they
belonged to the Duchy of Burgundy; there was a spell in that word; no
one knew who first whispered the name; none could guess whence or
wherefore the conjecture arose, but the crowd broke into smaller
groups; their talk declined into whispers as "York," "Duke Perkin,"
"The White Rose," "The Duchess of Burgundy," were mentioned; and the
fleet grew as they spoke into a mighty armada, freighted with
invasion, ready to disembark an army, to ravage and conquer the

As soon as the appearance and nature of these vessels became
confirmed, the gypsies arose from their indolent posture and retreated
to their encampment. A few minutes afterwards, a wildlooking youth on
a shaggy horse, without a saddle, trotted off at a quick pace through
the ravine to the inland country. Lord Audley and Frion heard from him
of the arrival of their friends who they had expected would have been
layed for another month. Frion instantly set off for Canterbury to
apprize the Prince; and the noble lost no time in collecting his
retainers and hastening to Hythe. Clifford's spies brought him word
also of the arrival of the fleet. Ill luck attended his guiles. King
Henry was in the north: there was no time to apprize him, and
Clifford's underhand proceedings might turn out bitterly to his
disadvantage. He had nothing for it but to endeavour to be the first
to convey the already-blown news to Sir John Peachy, sheriff for Kent:
his pains were rewarded by his being detained prisoner as a suspected
person, while Sir John mustered his yeomanry, and, together with the
neighbouring gentry and their retainers, marched towards Hythe, The
wavering people, awed by this show of legal and military power, grew
cool towards the White Rose, whose name, linked to change and a
diminution of taxation, had for a moment excited their enthusiasm.
Some had assumed the snowy badge, and collected in groups; but they
tore it off when the magistrate appeared: he thanked them for arming
for their King, and they in much fear and some wonder joined his

Sir John advanced with his increasing troop towards the village in
question. He was informed that a band of the Prince's friends was
there before him, consisting of a few Yorkist gentlemen and their
retainers. His first idea was to disperse them; his second, "No; this
will serve as a decoy: every coast may not be prepared; driven too
speedily hence, the armament may make good their landing elsewhere: if
we appear unguarded, they will disembark, and fall into our hands."
This policy had good effect; the two smaller Dutch vessels and one of
the caravels ran as close in shore as their soundings permitted, and
hastily landed a part of the troops. The commanders of the expedition
on board the fleet had been in considerable anxiety; they had hoped to
find the country raised to receive them; they saw but a handful of
men: still signs were made to them to disembark; and, eager to ensure
the safety of their Prince, they in part obeyed, landing about two
hundred and fifty men, with Mountford, Corbet, and some other
distinguished exiles, at their head. York and Frion had not yet had
time to arrive from Canterbury; Lord Audley and his friends received
the troops, and held consultation with their chiefs. It was resolved
to go forward, and penetrate into the country, to raise it if
possible; and, as they had not yet heard of Sir John Peachy's advance,
to forestal resistance by their speed.

They marched forward in good order for nearly ten miles, when they
halted; their scouts here brought intelligence of a regular force of
at least two thousand men who were near at hand, advancing against
them. Audley advised a deviation from their line of march, so to enter
the county in a different direction; Mountford proposed to fortify
themselves in Hythe; Corbet to re-imbark with all speed on board their
vessels. While they deliberated, it was reported that another troop of
the King's men were posted in their rear, while an herald from the
Sheriff called on them to lay down their arms and to submit. Already a
panic ran through this knot of men; already their coward hands dropped
their weapons, ready to be held out for servile cords, signs of
terror, increased by the near tramp of Peachy's soldiers, and the
sound of martial music.

At this moment of irresolution, four persons were seen at the top of a
neighbouring eminence; one was a knight in complete armour, the others
were more peacefully attired; they paused a moment gazing on the scene
below; then the three pursued their way over the hills towards the
sea; the cavalier came riding down at a furious pace; Lord Audley
advanced towards him, "All is lost!" he cried.

"Or won!" exclaimed the Prince, "surely Neville and my good cousin
will send us reinforcements. How strong are ye on board, Mountford?"

"About six hundred; two of which are German well-trained auxiliaries;
but we hoped to find an ally army."

"Treason, Sir John, is stronger to break, than truth to bind. Ye are
mad: better not have landed at all than thus."

A few scattered shot from Peachy's advanced guard broke in upon these
regrets; Richard in a moment recollected that this was a time for
action, not for words. He issued a few commands as to the position of
his troops, and riding to their front, addressed them: "My merry men,
and very good friends," he cried, "let us recollect that we are
soldiers; our lives depend upon our swords; draw them for the right,
and be strong in it. Our enemies are chiefly raw recruits; cold
friends of a tyrant-usurper; but they are many, and death is before
us; behind our vessels, the wide ocean, safety and freedom: we must
retreat, not as cowardly fugitives, but as men who, while they see,
fear not their danger."

The order of the march was speedily established. While the rear
retrograded, Richard, with a hundred chosen men, made a stand,
receiving so well the first onset of their assailants, that they were
staggered and driven back.

"In good hour, spare neither whip nor spur," cried York; and turning
his horse's head, he galloped towards his retreating friends. Peachy,
who believed that he had them in his toils, followed slowly and in
good order. For the first five miles all went well; but when the hills
approached and grew more abrupt, forming by degrees a narrow ravine;
they found this post guarded by the enemy. "Betrayed!" cried Audley;
"we ought to have traversed the hills; now we are between two fires."

"Silence!" said Richard, sternly; "we must give courage to these poor
fellows, not deprive them of it--fear you for your life, Baron? By my
fay, I had rather mine were spilt, than that of the meanest of our

Combat like this York had shared in the ravines of Andalusia: he
remembered that warfare, and founded his present operations upon it.
His onset was impetuous: the enemy recoiled, but formed again. The
horsemen dismounted, and presented a frightful bulwark of iron-headed
lances to the horses of the little troop; while, from the intervals in
the ranks, the archers and men armed with matchlocks, kept up a rain
of arrows and bullets, that spread consternation among his troop. It
was necessary to break through this formidable defence: thrice the
Prince charged in vain; the third time his standard-bearer fell; he
wore a white scarf; he fixed it to his lance, and drawing his sword,
he waved this emblem of his cause as again he dashed forwards, and
with greater success; yet, as he drove the enemy before him, the whiz
of bullets and arrows from behind showed that their previous
resistance had given Sir John Peachy time to come up. York grasped
Audley's hand: "Farewell," he cried, "forgive my hasty speech, my
valiant friend: may we meet in paradise, where surely, through God's
grace, we shall sup this night."

With the words he charged again, and overcame the last faint
resistance. Followed by all his troop, pursuing the flying, Richard
dashed through the defile: soon the open plain was before them, and he
saw the wide, calm, free ocean, with his vessels riding at anchor. The
decks were crowded with men, and the water covered with boats,
hovering near shore, as they waited to receive tidings of their

Before in the van, Richard now hung back to secure the retreat of
those behind. Audley urged him to embark; but he moved slowly towards
the beach, now calling his men to form and gather round him, now
marking the motions of those behind, ready to ride back to their aid.
At length Peachy's troops poured through the defile; the plain was
covered by flying Yorkists: it only remained for him to assemble as
many as he could, to protect and ensure the embarkation of all.

"One word," cried Audley; "whither do you propose to sail?"

"It is doubtful: if Barry still be true, and my voice be heard, not to
Burgundy and dependence, but rather to Ireland, to Cork and Desmond."

"Meanwhile, dear your Highness," said the noble, "I will not believe
that all is lost in England. I shall make good speed to the West, and
gather my friends together; we shall not be distant neighbours; and if
I succeed to my wish, Audley will call you from your Irish fastnesses
to your own native England. Our Lady preserve you meanwhile--

Audley, swift in all his proceedings, put spurs to his horse, and was
away. A few minutes brought Richard to the sands: he guarded the
embarkation of his diminished numbers; nor, till Peachy's troop was
within bowshot, and the last straggler that arrived was in the last
boat, did he throw himself from his horse and leap in: he was rowed to
the chief vessel. He cast an anxious glance at the Adalid just under
weigh: a green and white flag was hoisted: Monina was on board.
Further to re-assure him of his friends' safety, Frion received him as
he mounted his own deck. Evening was at hand--the late balmy, summer
evening; a land breeze sprung up; the vessels had already weighed
their anchors, and swiftly, with swelling sails, they gained the
offing. How tranquil and sweet seemed the wide-spread waters; how
welcome these arks of refuge, sailing placidly over them, after the
strife, the blood, the shouts, the groans of battle. "Farewell
England," said the royal exile; "I have no country, save these decks
trodden by my friends--where they are, there is my kingdom and my


Why, it cannot choose but be a noble plot:
And then the power of Scotland and of York
To join--
In faith it is exceedingly well aimed!

The Duke of York found Lord Barry, Sir George Neville, Plantagenet,
and several other distinguished friends, on board his vessel. In
consultation with them, it was agreed to sail immediately for Cork.
The loss of many brave friends, killed or prisoners, on the Kentish
coast, saddened them: while the diminution of their numbers forbade
the idea of a second descent upon England. Towards Ireland they
sailed, with such alternation of calm and contrary winds, as made them
linger for several weeks upon their way. Here, for the first time,
Richard heard from Frion of Clifford's machinations, and of his
message, and insolent threat to Monina. Every drop of blood in his
veins was alive with indignation: before, he had despised Sir Robert
as a traitor; and, while he looked on him as the cause of all his
disasters, and of the death of so many of his noble and gallant
adherents, his abhorrence was mingled with contemptuous pity. The
unchivalrous wrong offered to a woman, that woman his sweet sister-
friend, animated him with other feelings: to avenge her, and chastise
the arrogant braggart, was his knightly duty, his fervent, impatient
wish. He saw her not meanwhile; she was in one of those dark hulls,
among which love alone taught him to discern the lighter build and
more sea-worn frame of the Adalid.

Ireland was at this time very differently situated, from when the
Prince first landed on her shores. After Lambert Simnel's success
there, still the King of England had neglected its internal policy. A
more terrible name awakened his caution; and he sent Sir Edward
Poynings, as the deputy of his infant son Henry, whom he had nominally
appointed to the government. Poynings was resolute and successful. He
defeated the natives, quelled the Earl of Kildare, and forced the Earl
of Desmond to renew his oaths of allegiance. A free pardon was
afterwards granted to all, with the exception of Lord Barry.

York was received at Cork most cordially by his old friend O'Water,
and immediately, at the Earl of Desmond's invitation, repaired to
Ardfinnin. The Earl had found no great difficulty in escaping from
England, and returning to his native island. The timely assistance he
had afforded Henry's enemy in the Tower, was an impenetrable mystery,
though the consciousness of it had made him more yielding, than he
would otherwise have been in his concessions to Poynings. He received
York with the hospitality of an Irish Chieftain, and the kindness of a
friend. But he held out no inducement for him to remain: on the
contrary, he was the first to counsel him to turn his eyes, where a
new and brighter prospect presented itself. Sir Patrick Hamilton had
left Munster a few months before, with a firm belief in Richard's
truth; he had assured the Earl of the favourable reception his
adventurous friend would obtain from his royal master, and had
declared his intention of proceeding to Brussels to see the Prince,
and personally to enforce his invitation. York was absent; but the
Duchess gave a cordial reception to the renowned Scottish cavalier. He
had been present at the sailing of the fleet; and his last words were
wishes for their success, and an offer of secure and honourable refuge
in Edinburgh, in case of failure. It had been agreed, that on his own
return thither, he should be accompanied by messengers from the
Duchess, to thank the King of Scotland for the interest he manifested
towards her beloved nephew. Sir Edward Brampton was chosen as the
chief of these, accompanied of course by his Lady, York's long-tried
and zealous friend.

All these circumstances were decisive of the course it became the
exile to pursue. He was at that moment in a condition to appear under
advantageous circumstances at the Scottish Court. He had lost several
valued friends during the late attempt; but many remained of noble
birth and good renown. Above a hundred knights graced his train. The
treasure his aunt had bestowed for his English struggle remained,
besides a considerable sum of money, services of valuable plate and
valuable jewels, the munificent gift of the Dowager Duchess of
Norfolk. In fine, not a dissentient voice was raised; and the
attention of every one was turned towards preparations for the voyage.
York continued to be the Earl of Desmond's guest: in his princely
halls he received all the honour due to his rank and pretensions. The
Countess, a lady of the noble family of Roche, distinguished him by
her kindness, and conceived a peculiar friendship for the Spanish
maiden, Monina.

The moment arrived for York's embarkation. He had visited his vessels,
and seen that all was in readiness; but his surprise was excited by
perceiving that no preparations were made for sailing on board the
Adalid. This was explained on his return, by the Countess telling him
that a friend of his desired to take leave of him before he sailed,
and that she had been besought by her to explain in some measure the
reasons of their separation. De Faro's whole soul was set upon
becoming one of those immortal pioneers who opened new paths across
the unexplored West. He could be of no use to Richard in Scotland; but
he could not prevail on himself to leave his lovely, unprotected girl
behind. She had at last consented to accompany him in his far and
dangerous voyage.

Many had been this poor child's struggles, sad her reflections, ere
she wrought herself to this purpose. "Alas!" such were her reveries,
"that innocence should be no safeguard in this ill world! If indeed I
loved him sinfully, or he sought me wrongfully, I should simply obey
the laws of God in flying him; but he is noble, and I know my own
heart. Spotless Mother of God, thou knowest it!--there is no single
feeling in my woman's soul that I dare not avouch to thy all-blessed
gentleness! I ask only to live in the same land, to breathe the same
air, to serve him at his need, to associate with his friends; so that
when I see him not, I may feed upon discourse of him. This is all I
ask--all!--and this must not be! I cannot bear a tainted name; I
cannot endure that, linked with any slightest stain of calumny, my
image should haunt his dreams; nor that he or any human being should
suffer through me, which may so easily happen: for if words like those
Frion reported should reach my father's ears, he would clothe his
tempestshaken limbs in arms, and expose his breast to the sharp
sword's point, to vindicate my honour. No!--no tragedy shall be
associated with poor Monina's name; nor agony nor woe shall visit
those I love, through me: they shall not even commiserate my
sufferings; these shall be garnered up in my own heart, watched with a
miser's care. I will not enrich the tell-tale air by one sigh; nor
through my broken heart, shall the gloom of my despair appear. I will
paint my face with joy's own hue; put sunshine in my eyes: my hapless
love shall be no tale of pity for any, save my own desolate thoughts.
Nor let me forget every lesson of resignation, nor the dear belief I
cherish in the protection and goodness of my sainted guardianess. Let
me rejoice at much that exalts my destiny in my own eyes. The Prince's
friendship, affection, gratitude and esteem are mine: I have been able
to serve him I love--am I not sufficiently fortunate? He needs me no
more; but I am no alien upon earth. I shall give delight to my dear
father by accompanying him over the untrod watery deserts: through
me--for, if I went not, he would remain behind--the name of De Faro
will be added to the list of those who bestow a new creation of
supernal beauty on our out-worn world. He will call me the partner of
his glory; and, though that be a vain word, his dark eyes will flash
with joy. My dear, dear father! Should the Prince succeed and ascend
his rightful throne, more impassable than that wide sea would be the
gulph which ceremony would place between us; and if he fall--ah! mine
is no summer day's voyage; the tornados of that wild region may wreck
me; the cold sea receive me in her bosom; and I shall never hear of
Richard's overthrow, nor endure the intolerable png of knowing that
he dies."

Fortified in some degree by such thoughts, anxious to conceal her
sorrows from one who might compassionate, yet not wholly share them,
Monina met Richard with an air of gaiety: glad, in spite of his
involuntary mortification, that she should be spared any pain, he
copied her manner; and a spectator would have thought, that either
they parted for a few hours, or were indifferent to each other. He
could not help betraying some anxiety however, when Lady Desmond, who
was present, solicited him to make his friend change her purpose, and
drew a frightful picture of the hazardous voyage, the storms, the
likelihood that they might be driven far, far away, where no land was,
where they would perish of famine on the barren, desolate ocean.
Monina laughed--she endeavoured thus to put aside her friend's serious
entreaties; and, when she found that she failed, she spoke of the
Providence that could protect her even on the wastes of innavigable
ocean; and proudly reminded him, that she would trust her father,
whose reputation as a mariner stood foremost among those in the King
of Portugal's employ. Richard looked perplexed--sorrow and pain spoke
in his countenance; while she, true to herself to the last, said, "I
have now told you my purpose--but this is no farewell; to-morrow we
meet again; and another to-morrow will come also, when I bring
treasure from my Indian isle to dazzle the monarch of fair, happy

On that morrow Richard sought in vain among the Countess of Desmond's
companions for his sweet Spaniard; he imaged her as he last saw her,
light, laughing, her soft-beaming eyes hardly daring to glance towards
him, while he fancied that a shower of precious drops was shaken from
their fringed lids. He had meant to say, "Ah! weep, Monina, weep for
Andalusia--for our happy childhood--for the hopes that leave us: thy
tears will seem to me more glad than thy untrue smile." But she was
not there. Could he have seen her from the deck of his vessel, marking
its progress from the watch-tower of Youghall, he had been satisfied.
The anguish of bitter tears, the heart's agonizing gaspings, were
hers, to be succeeded by the dull starless night of despair, when his
sail vanished on the glittering plains of the sunny sea.

Farewell to her who mourned; to her who saw neither day nor joy, whose
heart lived with him, while she prepared for her melancholy separation
from the very world which he inhabited.

The scene shifts to Scotland; and hither, to a new country, a new
people, almost to a new language, our royal adventurer is transported.
Dark, tumultuous, stained with blood, and rendered foul by treason,
are the pages of early Scottish history. A wild and warlike people
inhabited its mountainous districts, whose occupation was strife,
whose religion was power and revenge. The Lowlanders, a wealthier
race, were hardly more cultivated or less savage. One course of
rebellion against the sovereign, and discord among themselves, flows,
a sanguinary stream from the hidden sources of things, threading a
long track of years, or overflowing it with its pernicious waves.
Discord, hate and murder were the animating spirits of the scene.

James the Third was a weak, unhappy man. A prophecy had induced him to
distrust all the Princes of his house--he extended this distrust to
his son, who was brought up consequently in a kind of honourable and
obscure imprisonment. He fostered unworthy favourites; and many bold
and sanguinary revolts had been the consequence. On one occasion,
while encamped, during a foray into England, his nobles had seized on
all his personal friends and adherents, and hanged them over Loudon
Bridge. The last rebellion cost him his life. The insurgents seized
on, and placed at their head, his eldest son, then only sixteen years
of age--they met their sovereign in the field--he fled before them;
and his death was as miserable and dastardly as his life.

James the Fourth succeeded to the throne. The mean jealousy of his
father had caused him to be untutored; but he was one of those beings,
who by nature inherit magnaminity, refinement and generosity. His
faults were those that belong to such a character. His imagination was
active, his impulses warm but capricious. He was benignant to every
other, severe only in his judgment of himself. His father's death, to
which he had been an unwilling accessary, weighed like parricide on
his conscience. To expiate it, in the spirit of those times, he wore
perpetually an iron girdle, augmenting the weight each year, as habit
or encreasing strength lightened the former one. He devoted much of
his life to penance and prayer. Here ended however all of the ascetic
in his disposition. He was a gallant knight and an accomplished
gentleman. He encouraged tourneys and passages of arms, raising the
reputation of the Scottish cavaliers all over Europe, so that many
noble foreigners repaired to Edinburgh, to gain new trophies in
contests with the heroes of the north. He passed edicts to enforce the
schooling of the children of the nobles and lairds. His general love
of justice, a little impaired it is true by feudal prejudices, often
led him to wander in disguise over his kingdom; seeking hospitality
from the poor, and listening with a candid and generous mind to every
remark upon himself and his government.

He was singularly handsome, graceful, prepossessing, and yet dignified
in his manners. He loved pleasure, and was the slave of the sex, which
gives to pleasure all its elegance and refinement; he partook his
family's love for the arts, and was himself a poet and a musician; nay
more, to emulate the divine patron of these accomplishments, he was
well-skilled in surgery and the science of healing. He was ambitious,
active, energetic. He ruminated many a project of future glory;
meanwhile his chief aim was to reconcile the minds of the alienated
nobles--his murdered father's friends--to himself; and, succeeding in
this, to abolish the feuds that raged among the peers of Scotland, and
civilize their barbarous propensities. He succeeded to a miracle. His
personal advantages attracted the affection of his subjects; they were
proud of him, and felt exalted by his virtues. His excellent
government and amiable disposition, both united to make his reign
peaceful in its internal policy, and beneficial to the kingdom. The
court of Holyrood vied with those of Paris, London and Brussels: to
which capitals many of his high-born subjects, no longer engaged in
the struggles of party, travelled; bringing back with them the
refinements of gallantry, the poetry, learning and science of the
south of Europe. The feuds, last flickerings of the dying torch of
discord, which lately spread a fatal glare through the land, ceased;
if every noble did not love, they all obeyed their sovereign--thus a
new golden age might be said to have dawned upon this eyrie of Boreas,
this tempestuous Thule of the world.

We must remember that this was the age of chivalry; the spirit of
Edward the Third and the princely Dukes of Burgundy yet survived.
Louis the Eleventh in France had done much to quench it; it burnt
bright again under the auspices of his son. Henry the Seventh was its
bitter enemy; but we are still at the beginning of his reign, while
war and arms were unextinguished by his cold, avaricious policy. James
of Scotland laboured, and successfully, to pacify his subjects,
children of one common parent; but he, as well as they, disdained the
ignoble arts of peace. England formed the lists where they desired to
display their courage; war with England was a word to animate every
heart to dreadful joy: in the end it caused the destruction of him and
all his chivalry in Flodden Field; now it made him zealous to upraise
a disinherited Prince; so that under the idea of restoring the
rightful sovereign to the English throne, he might have fair pretext
for invading the neighbour kingdom. At the hope, the soldiers of
Scotland--in other words, its whole population--awakened, as an
unhooded hawk, ready to soar at its accustomed quarry.

Sir Patrick Hamilton, the most accomplished and renowned of the
Scottish cavaliers, and kinsman of the royal house, had returned laden
with every testimony of the White Rose's truth, and a thousand proofs
of his nobleness and virtue. Sir Edward Brampton delivered the
Duchess's message of thanks; and his lady had already awakened the
zeal of many a gentleman, and the curiosity and interest of many a
lady, for the pride of York, the noble, valiant Plantagenet. Woman's
sway was great at Holyrood; as the bachelor king, notwithstanding his
iron girdle, and his strict attention to his religious duties, was a
devout votary at the shrine of feminine beauty.

There was a hawking party assembled in the neighbourhood of Stirling,
which he graced by his presence. All was apparently light-heartedness
and joy, till a dispute arose between two damsels upon the merits of
their respective falcons. One of these was fair Mary Boyd, daughter of
the Laird of Bonshaw. Mary Boyd was the first-love of the young
sovereign, and the report went that he was no unsuccesful suitor; it
spoke of offspring carefully concealed in a village of Fife, whom
James often visited. When afterwards this young lady's example was
imitated by others nobly born, this became no secret, and of her
children one became Archbishop of St. Andrews, the other, a daughter,
married the Earl of Morton.

But these were days of youthful bashfulness and reserve; the mind of
Mary Boyd balanced between pride in her lover, and shame for her
fault; a state of feeling, that ill-brooked the loss of what gilded
her too apparent frailty--the exclusive attention of the King. Mary
was older than the King; the dignity which had captivated the boy's
imagination, lost its charm, when the tyranny of assumed right took
place of that of tenderness. He grew cold, then absent, and at last
ventured to fix a regard of admiration on another, sliding easily from
the restraint to which he at first submitted, into all of devotion and
soft, gallant courtesy, by which kings win lady's love, and in which
none grew to be a greater adept than James. The new object that
attracted him, was the young, gay and lovely Lady Jane Kennedy,
daughter of the Earl of Cassils. Her sparkling eyes, her "bonny brent
brow," her dark, clustering hair, contrasted with the transparency of
her complexion--her perfect good humour, her vivacity and her wit--
made her a chief beauty in the Scottish court, and in all this she was
the reverse of the fair, light-haired, sleepy-eyed Mary. Lady Jane saw
and gloried in her triumph over the King. Innocent then, she only
desired the reputation of such a conquest, fully resolved not to tread
in the steps of her rival. It is something of fool's play to strive to
enchain fire by links of straw, to throw silken fetters on a bounding
torrent, to sport with the strong lion, Love, as he were a playful
whelp: some, secure in innocence and principle, may at last discover
their mistake and remain uninjured; but not the vain, heedless, self-
willed Lady Jane. The courtiers were divided in their attentions; some
for shame would not forsake Mary Boyd; some thought that still she
would regain her power; one or two imagined that Lady Jane's
resistance would restore the king to her rival; but the greater number
caught the light spirit of the hour, and gathered round the laughing,
happy girl.

The contention between these ladies made many smile. The King betted a
diamond against a Scotch pebble on Lady Jane's bird. Mary had thwarted
him, and forced him to her side during the first part of the day--now
he took this revenge. A heron rose from the river banks. The birds
were unhooded; and up soared Lady Jane's in one equal flight through
the blue air, cleaving the atmosphere with noiseless wing. Mary's
followed slower; but, when Lady Jane's pounced on the quarry, and
brought it screaming and flapping to the ground, the rival bird darted
on the conqueror, and a sharp struggle ensued. It was unequal; for the
Lady Jane's hawk would not quit its prey. "Let them fight it out,"
said Mary, "and the survivor is surely the victor."

But the spectators cried shame--while Lady Jane with a scream hastened
to save her favourite. The other, fiery as a borderer, attacked even
her; and, in spite of her gloves, drops of blood from her fair hand
stained her silken robe. James came to her rescue, and with one blow
put an end to the offender's life. Jane caressed her "tassel gentle;"
while Mary looked on her "false carrion's" extinction with unrepressed
indignation. They returned to Stirling: immediately on their arrival
they received tidings that the Duke of York's fleet had been descried,
and was expected to enter the Frith on the following day. None heard
the words without emotion; the general sentiment was joy; for
Richard's landing was to be the signal of invasion. King Henry had one
or two friends among the Scottish nobles, and these alone smiled

"We must have feasts and tourneys, fair mistress," said the King, "to
honour our royal visitor. Will your servant intrude unseemingly if
while his arms extol your beauty, he wears your colours?"

Lady Jane smiled a reply, as she followed her father towards his
mansion. She smiled, while feminine triumph beamed in her eye, and
girlish bashfulness blushed in her cheek. "Has she not a bonny ee?"
cried James to him, who rode near him. It was Sir Patrick Hamilton,
his dear cousin and friend, to whom James often deferred, and
respected, while he loved. His serious look recalled the King. "This
is not the time, good sooth!" he continued, "for such sweet gauds--but
for lance and broad-sword:--the coming of this Prince of Roses will
bring our arms into play, all rusty as they are. I wonder what
presence our guest may have!"

The friends then conversed concerning the projected war, which both
agreed would be well-timed. It would at once give vent to the fiery
impulses of the Scotch Lords, otherwise apt to prey upon each other.
But lately a band of the Drummonds had burnt the kirk of Moulward, in
which were six-score Murrays, with their wives and children; all of
whom were victims. But foray in England--war with the land of their
hate--the defiance would be echoed in glad shouts from Tweed to Tay;
from the Lothians to the Carse of Gowrie; while it should be repeated
in groans from the Northumberland wilds.


Cousin of York, thus once more we embrace thee;
Welcome to James of Scotland! For thy safety.
Know, such as love thee not shall never wrong thee.
Come, we will taste awhile our court delights.
Dream hence afflictions past, and then proceed
To high attempts of honour.

The Duke of York arrived off Leith. While the messengers were going to
and fro, and preparation was made to disembark, he and his principal
friends were assembled on the deck of their vessel, regarding this
strange northern coast with curiosity, wonder, and some contempt.

"I see horses," cried Lord Barry; "By'r Lord's grace, grass grows
hitherward--that is much!"

"I see kye," exclaimed Frion, "so we may hope for buttered sowans at
least, if not beef, at the palace of feasts."

"Aye," cried Sir Edward Brampton, who had come on board, "you may hope
for choice cheer. I promise ye shall live well, ye that are noble--
these unclad rocks and desart moors are the home of many an earl and
belted knight, whose gorgeousness may vie with the cavaliers of France
or Burgundy. In this it differs from England, ye will not find stout
franklins or fat burgesses; there are no men of Ghent, nor London
Aldermen: the halfnaked kern tills the stony soil. Next to the palace
is the hearthless hovel. Wealth and penury, if not mates, are joint
masters of the land."

"I have heard," said York, "that there is much paternal love and
filial duty between the rich and poor in this country."

"Among the northern mountains thus it is," said Brampton; "a strange
and savage race, which, my good Lord Barry, some name Irish, dwell on
the barren heights, along the impassable defiles, beside their vast
stormy lakes; but the Lowlander looks askance on the Highland
clanship. List ye, gentlemen; all bears a different aspect here from
the gentle southern kingdoms; but they are men, proud, valiant,
warlike men, as such they claim our respect. His Majesty and a few
others are moreover right gallant cavaliers."

"Mark these words," said York, earnestly, "and remember, dear friends,
that we, the world's wanderers, seek refuge here of our own will,
which if we find, we must not disdain our hosts. Remember too the easy
rage of the fiery Scot; and that we boast gentler customs: suffer no
brawling to mar our concord; let not Richard of York, who of all his
wide realm possesses your hearts only, find his dominions narrowed, or
violently disturbed by your petulance and pride."

The Duke's associates listened with respect. Hitherto the spirited boy
had been led by a Barry, a Clifford, a Neville, or a Plantagenet. They
had counselled, spoken for him; his sword only had been as active as
theirs. A new light seemed to have broken in upon his soul; it assumed
a seriousness and power that exalted him in their eyes, while it took
nothing from the candour and single-hearted reliance on their loves,
which was his dearest charm.

On landing, the Duke of York was escorted to Edinburgh by the Earl of
Errol, Sir Patrick Hamilton, and others. The attire, arms, and horses,
with their caparisons, of these gentlemen, were little inferior to
those displayed at Paris. King James awaited him at the Castle of
Edinburgh. The monarch received his guest in state on his throne. The
Prince was struck at once by his elegance, his majesty, and sweet
animated aspect: his black bonnet, looped up by a large ruby, sat
lightly on his brow, his glossy black curly hair escaping in ringlets
from underneath; his embroidered shirt collar thrown back, displayed
his throat, and the noble expression of his head; his dark grey eyes,
his manly sun-burnt complexion, the look of thought, combined with
goodness, mingled with dignity, gave an air of distinction to his
whole person. Various were the physiognomies, various the guises, of
those around him. The swart, gaunt Highlander, in his singular
costume; the blue-eyed, red-haired sons of the Lowlands were there;
and in each and all were remarkable a martial, sometimes a ferocious

The Prince of England entered, surrounded by his (to the Scotch)
foreign-looking knights.

James descended from his throne to embrace his visitant, and then re-
assumed it, while all eyes were turned upon the royal Adventurer,
whose voice and mien won every heart, before his eloquence had time to
move them. "High and mighty King," said Richard, "your grace, and
these your nobles present, be pleased to hear the tragedy of one, who,
born a prince, comes even as a beggar to your court. My Lords, sorrow
and I were not twins: I am the elder, and for nine years I beheld not
the ill-visage of that latest birth of my poor but royal mother's
fortunes. It were a long tale to tell, what rumour has made familiar
to every ear: my uncle Gloucester's usurpation; my brother's death;
and the sorrows of our race. I lost my kingdom ere I possessed it; and
while yet my young hands were too feeble to grasp the sceptre of my
ancestors, and with it, the sword needful to defend the same,
capricious fate bestowed it on Henry of Richmond; a base-born
descendant of ill-nurtured Bolingbroke; a scion of that Red Rose that
so long and so rightfully had been uprooted in the land, which they
had bought with its children's dearest blood.

"Good, my lords, I might move you to pity did I relate how, in my
tender years, that usurer King sought my life, buying the blood of the
orphan at the hands of traitors. How, when these cruelties failed him,
he used subtler arts; giving me nick-names; meeting my gallant array
of partizans, not with an army of their peers, but with a base rout of
deceits, treasons, spies, and blood-stained decoyers. It would suit me
better to excite your admirations by speaking of the nobleness and
fidelity of my friends; the generosity of the sovereigns who have shed
invaluable dews upon the fading White Rose, so to refresh and restore

"But not to waste my tediousness on you, let this be the sum. I am
here, the friend of France, the kinsman of Burgundy; the acknowledged
Lord of Ireland; pursued by my powerful foe, I am here, King of
Scotland, to claim your friendship and your aid. Here lies the
accomplishment of my destiny! The universal justice to be rendered me,
which I dreamed of in my childhood, the eagle hopes of my youth, my
better fortunes, and future greatness, have fled me. But here they
have found a home: here they are garnered up; render them back to me,
my lord; unlock with the iron key of fatal battle, the entrance to
those treasures, all mine own, whose absence renders me so poor. Arm
for me, Scotland; arm for the right! Never for a juster cause could
you buckle breast-plate, or poize your lance. Be my captain, and these
your peers, my fellow-soldiers. Fear not, but that we vanquish: that I
gain a kingdom; you eternal glory from your regal gift. Alas! I am as
an helmless vessel drifting towards the murderous rock; but you, as
the strong north-wind, may fill the flapping sails, and carry me on my
way with victory and gladness."

A murmur filled the presence-chamber, dark Douglas grasped his sword;
Hamilton's eyes glanced lightnings; not one there but felt his heart
beat with desire to enforce the illustrious exile's right. The tide of
rising enthusiasm paused as James arose; and deep attention held them
all. He descended from his throne. "My royal brother," he said, "were
I a mere errant knight, so good and high I esteem your cause, without
more ado I would don my armour, and betake me to the field. The same
power which enables me to afford you far better succour than the
strength of one arm, obliges me to pause and take council, ere I speak
what it is in my heart to promise. But your Highness has made good
your interests among my counsellors; and I read in their gestures the
desire of war and adventure for your sake. Deem yourself an exile no
more. Fancy that your have come from merry England to feast with your
brother in the north, and we will escort you back to your capital in
triumphant procession, showing the gaping world how slighter than
silky cobwebs are the obstacles that oppose the united strength of
Plantagenet and Stuart. Welcome--thrice welcome to the Scottish land--
kinsmen, nobles, valiant gentlemen, bid dear welcome to my brother


A lady, the wonder of her kind.
Whose form was upborne by a lovely mind;
Which dilating had moulded her mien and motion.
Like a sea-flower unfolded beneath the ocean.

A few days made it apparent that York acquired a stronger power over
the generous and amiable King of Scotland, than could be given by
motives of state policy. He became his friend; no empty name with
James, whose ardent soul poured itself headlong into this new channel,
and revelled in a kind of extacy in the virtues and accomplishments of
his favoured guest. Both these Princes were magnanimous and
honourable, full of grandeur of purpose, and gentleness of manner:
united by these main qualities, the diversities of their dispositions
served rather to draw them closer. Though Richard's adventures and
disasters had been so many, his countenance, his very mind was less
careworn than that of James. The White Rose, even in adversity, was
the nursling of love: the Scottish Prince, in his palace-fostered
childhood, had been the object of his father's hatred and suspicion:
cabal, violence, and duplicity had waited on him. James governed those
around him by demonstrating to them, that it was their interest to
obey a watchful, loving, generous monarch: Richard's power was
addressed to the most exalted emotions of the human heart, to the
fidelity, self-devotion, and chivalric attachment of his adherents.
James drew towards himself the confidence of men; Richard bestowed his
own upon them. James was winning from his courtesy, Richard from his
ingenuousness. Remorse had printed a fadeless stamp of thought and
pain on the King's countenance an internal self-communion and self-
rebuke were seated in the deep shadows of his thoughtful eyes.
Richard's sorrow for the disasters he might be said to have occasioned
his friends, his disdain of his own vagabond position, his sadness,
when his winged thoughts flew after the Adalid, to hover over his
sweet Monina; all these emotions were tinged by respect for the
virtues of those around him, conscious rectitude, picus resignation to
Providence, gratitude to his friends, and a tender admiration of the
virgin virtues of her he loved: so that there arose thence only a
softer expression for his features, a sweetness in the candour of his
smile, a gentle fascination in his frank address, that gave at once
the stamp of elevated feeling and goodness to his mien. He looked
innocent, while James's aspect gave token, that in his heart good and
ill had waged war: the better side had conquered, yet had not come off
scatheless from the fight.

In the first enthusiasm of his new attachment, James was eager to
lavish on his friend every mark of his favour and interest: he was
obliged to check his impatience, and to submit to the necessity of
consulting with and deferring to others. His promises, though large,
continued therefore to be vague; and York knew that he had several
enemies at the council-board. The intimacy between him and the King
prevented him from entertaining any doubts as to the result; but he
had a difficult task in communicating this spirit of patient
forbearance to his friends. Sometimes they took sudden fright, lest
they should all at once meet a denial to their desires; sometimes they
were indignant at the delays that were interposed. None was more open
in his expressions of discontent than Master Secretary Frion. He, who
had been the soul of every enterprize until now, who had fancied that
his talents for negociation would be of infinite avail in the Scottish
court, found that the friendship between the Princes, and Richard's
disdain of artfully enticing to his side his host's noble subjects,
destroyed at once his diplomatic weaving. He craftily increased the
discontent of the proud Neville, the disquietude of the zealous Lady
Brampton, and the turbulent intolerance of repose of Lord Barry; while
Richard, on the other hand, exerted himself to tranquillize and reduce
them to reason: he was sanguine in his expectations, and above all,
confident in his friend's sincere intention to do more than merely
assist him by force of arms. He saw a thousand projects at work in
James's generous heart, every one tending to exalt him in the eyes of
the world, and to rescue him for ever from the nameless, fugitive
position he occupied. Nor was his constant intercourse with the King
of small influence over his happiness: the genius, the versatile
talents, the grace and accomplishments of this sovereign, the equality
and sympathy that reigned between them, was an exhaustless source of
more than amusement, of interest and delight. The friends of James
became his friends: Sir Patrick Hamilton was chief among these, and
warmly attached to the English Prince: another, whom at first ceremony
had placed at a greater distance from him, grew into an object of
intense interest and continual excitation.

"This evening," said the King to him, soon after his arrival, "you
will see the flower of our Scottish damsels, the flower of the world
well may I call her; for assuredly, when you see the Lady Katherine
Gordon, you will allow that she is matchless among women."

Richard was surprised: did James's devotion to Lady Jane Kennedy, nay,
his conscious look whenever he mentioned her, mean nothing? Besides,
on this appeal to his own judgment, he pictured his soft-eyed
Spaniard, with all her vivacity and all her tenderness, and he
revolted from the idea of being the slave of any other beauty. "Speak
to our guest, Sir Patrick," continued the King, "and describe the fair
earthly angel who makes a heaven of our bleak wilds; or rather, for
his Highness might suspect you, let me, not her lover, but her cousin,
her admirer, her friend, tell half the charms, half the virtues of the
daughter of Huntley. Is it not strange that I, who have seen her each
day since childhood, and who still gaze with wonder on her beauty,
should yet find that words fail me when I would paint it? I am apt to
see, and ready to praise, the delicate arch of this lady's brow, the
fire of another's eyes, another's pouting lip and fair complexion, the
gay animation of one, the chiseled symmetry of a second. Often, when
our dear Lady Kate has sat, as is often her wont, retired from sight,
conversing with some travelled greybeard, or paying the homage of
attention to some ancient dame (of late I have remarked her often in
discourse with Lady Brampton), I have studied her face and person to
discover where the overpowering charm exists, which, like a strain of
impassioned music, electrifies the senses, and touches the hearts of
all near her. Is it in her eyes? A poet might dream of dark blue orbs
like hers, and that he had kissed eyelids soft as those, when he came
unawares on the repose of young Aurora, and go mad for ever after,
because it was only a dream: yet I have seen brighter; nor are they
languishing. Her lips, yes, the soul of beauty is there, and so is it
in her dimpled chin. In the delicate rounding of her cheeks, in the
swanlike loveliness of her throat, in the soft ringlets of her glossy
hair, down to the very tips of her roseate-tinged fingers, there is
proportion, expression and grace. You will hardly see all this: at
first you will be struck; extreme beauty must strike; but your second
thought will be, to wonder what struck you, and then you will look
around, and see twenty prettier and more attractive; and then, why, at
the first words she speaks, you will fancy it an easy thing to die
upon the mere thought of her: her voice alone will take you out of
yourself, and carry you into another state of being. She is simple as
a child, straight-forward, direct: falsehood--pah! Katherine is
Truth. This simplicity, which knows neither colouring nor deviation,
might almost make you fear, while you adore her, but that her goodness
brings you back to love. She is good, almost beyond the consciousness
of being so: she is good, because she gives herself entirely up to
sympathy; and, beyond every other, she dives into the sources of your
pleasures and pains, and takes a part in them. The better part of
yourself will, when she speaks, appear to leap out, as if, for the
first time, it found its other half; while the worse is mute, like a
stricken dog, before her. She is gay, more eager to create pleasure
than to please; for to please, we must think of ourselves, and be
ourselves the hero of the story, and Katherine is ever forgetful of
self: she is guileless and gall-less; all love her; her proud father,
and fiery, contentious Highland brothers, defer to her; yet, to look
at her, it is as if the youngest and most innocent of the Graces read
a page of Wisdom's book, scarce understanding what it meant, but
feeling that it was right."

It was dangerous to provoke the spirit of criticism by excessive
praise; Richard felt half inclined to assert that there was something
in the style of the King's painting that showed he should not like
this lauded lady; but she was his cousin, he was proud of her, and so
he was silent. There was a ball at court that night; and he would see
many he had never seen before; James made it a point that he should
discover which was his cousin. He could not mistake. "She is
loveliness itself!" burst from his lips; and from that moment he felt
what James had said, that there was a "music breathing from her face,"
an unearthly, spirit-stirring beauty, that inspired awe, had not her
perfect want of pretension, her quiet, unassuming simplicity, at once
led him back to every thought associated with the charms and virtues
of woman. Lady Brampton was already a link between them; and, in a few
minutes, he found himself conversing with more unreserve and pleasure
than he had ever done. There are two pleasures in our intercourse in
society, one is to listen, another to speak. We may frequently meet
agreeable, entertaining people, and even sometimes individuals, whose
conversation, either by its wit, its profundity or its variety,
commands our whole rapt attention: but very seldom during the course
of our lives do we meet those who thaw every lingering particle of
ice, who set the warm life-springs flowing, and entice us, with our
hearts upon our lips, to give utterance to its most secret mysteries;
to disentangle every knot and fold of thought, and, like sea-weed in
the wave, to spread the disregarded herbage, as a tracery matchlessly
fair before another's eyes. Such pleasure Richard felt with Katherine;
and, ever and anon, her melodious voice interposed with some remark,
some explanation of his own feelings, at once brilliant and true.

Richard knew that Sir Patrick Hamilton loved the Lady Katherine
Gordon; he also was related to the royal family. Hamilton in the eyes
of all, fair ladies and sage counsellors, was acknowledged to be the
most perfect Knight of Scotland; what obstacle could there be to their
union? Probably it was already projected, and acceded to. Richard did
not derogate from the faith that he told himself he owed to Monina, by
cultivating a friendship for the promised bride of another, and
moreover one whom, after the interval of a few short months, he would
never see again. Satisfied with this reasoning, York lost no
opportunity of devoting himself to the Lady Katherine.

His interests were the continual subject of discussion in the royal
council-chamber. There were a few who did not speak in his favour. The
principal of these was the Earl of Moray, the King's uncle: the least
in consideration, for he was not of the council, though he influenced
it: but the bitterest in feeling, was Sir John Ramsey, Laird of
Balmayne, who styled himself Lord Bothwell. He had been a favourite of
James the Third. His dark, fierce temper was exasperated by his
master's death, and he brooded perpetually for revenge. He had once,
with several other nobles, entered into a conspiracy to deliver up the
present King to Henry the Seventh; and the traitorous intent was
defeated, not from want of will, but want of power in his abettors.
Since then, Lord Bothwell, though nominally banished and attainted,
was suffered to live in Edinburgh, nay, to have access to the royal
person. James, whose conscience suffered so dearly by the death of his
father, had no desire to display severity towards his ancient faithful
servant; besides, one who was really so insignificant as Sir John
Ramsey. This man was turbulent, dissatisfied: he was sold to Henry of
England, and had long acted as a spy; the appearance of York at
Edinburgh gave activity and importance to his function his secret
influence and covert intrigues retarded somewhat the projects and
desires of the King.

When the first opposition made to acknowledging this pretender to the
English crown was set aside, other difficulties ensued. Some of the
counsellors were for making hard conditions with the young Duke,
saying, that half a kingdom were gift enough to a Prince Lackland: a
golden opportunity was this, they averred, to slice away a bonny
county or two from wide England; he whom they gifted with the rest
could hardly say them nay. But James was indignant at the base
proposal, and felt mortified and vexed when obliged to concede in
part, and to make conditions which he thought hard with his guest.
After a noisy debate, these propositions were drawn out, and York was
invited to attend the council, where they were submitted for his

These conditions principally consisted in the surrender of Berwick,
and the promised payment of a hundred thousand marks. They were hard;
for it would touch the new monarch's honour not to dismember his
kingdom; and it were his policy not to burthen himself with a debt
which his already oppressed subjects must be drawn on to pay. The Duke
asked for a day for consideration, which was readily granted.

With real zeal for his cause on one side, and perfect confidence in
his friends' integrity on the other, these difficulties became merely
nominal, and the treaty was speedily arranged. But the month of
September was near its close; a winter campaign would be of small
avail: money, arms, and trained men, were wanting. The winter was to
be devoted to preparation; with the spring the Scottish army was to
pass the English border. In every discussion, in every act, James
acted as his guest's brother, the sharer of his risks and fortunes:
one will, one desire, was theirs. Sir Patrick Hamilton went into the
west to raise levies: no third person interposed between them. It was
the King's disposition to yield himself wholly up to the passion of
the hour. He saw in Richard, not only a prince deprived of his own,
and driven into exile, but a youth of royal lineage, exposed to the
opprobium of nick-names and the accusation of imposture. The King of
France acknowledged, but he had deserted him; the Archduke had done
the same: how could James prove that he would not follow in these
steps? He levied the armies of his kingdom in his favour; he was to
fight and conquer for him next spring. The intervening months were
intolerable to the fervent spirit of the Stuart--something speedy,
something now, he longed, he resolved to do; which, with a trumpet-
note, should to all corners of the world declare, that he upheld
Richard of York's right--that he was his defender, his champion. Once
he penned a universal challenge, then another specially addressed to
Henry Tudor; but his invasion were a better mode than this. Should he
give him rank in Scotland?--that would ill beseem one who aspired to
the English crown. Should he proclaim him Richard the Fourth in
Edinburgh?--York strongly objected to this. Money?--it were a base
gilding; besides, James was very poor, and had melted down his plate,
and put his jewels to pawn, to furnish forth the intended expedition.
Yet there was one way,--the idea was as lightning--James felt
satisfied and proud; and then devoted all his sagacity, all his
influence, all his ardent soul, to the accomplishment of a plan,
which, while it ensured young Richard's happiness, stampt him
indelibly as being no vagabond impostor, but the honoured prince, the
kinsman and ally of Scotland's royal house.

King James and the Duke of York had ridden out to inspect a Lowland
regiment, which the Earl of Angus proudly displayed as the force of
the Douglas. As they returned, James was melancholy and meditative.
"It is strange and hard to endure," he said at last, fixing on his
companion his eyes at once so full of fire and thought, "when two
spirits contend within the little microcosm of man. I felt joy at
sight of those bold followers of the Douglas, to think that your enemy
could not resist them; but I do myself foolish service, when I place
you on the English throne. You will leave us, my Lord: you will learn
in your bonny realm to despise our barren wilds: it will be irksome to
you in prosperity, to think of your friends of the dark hour."

There was sincerity in these expressions, but exaggeration in the
feelings that dictated them. Richard felt half-embarrassed, in spite
of gratitude and friendship. The King, following the bent of his own
thoughts, not those of others, suddenly continued: "Our cousin Kate at
last finds grace in your eyes; is she not good and beautiful, all cold
and passionless as she is?"

"Cold!" the Lady Katherine, whose heart felt sympathy, was a sunny
clime in which he basked--whose sensibility perpetually varied the
bright expression of her features--York repeated the word in

"Thou findest her wax?" enquired James, smiling; "by my troth, she has
proved but marble before."

"I cannot guess even at your meaning," replied York, with all the
warmth of a champion; "the lady is in the estimation of all, in your
own account, the best daughter, the most devoted friend, the kindest
mistress in the world. How can we call that spirit cold, which
animates her to these acts? It is not easy to perform, as she does,
our simplest duties. How much of self-will, of engrossing humour, even
of our innocent desires and cherished tastes, must we not sacrifice,
when we devote ourselves to the pleasure and service of others? How
much attention does it not require, how sleepless a feeling of
interest, merely to perceive and understand the moods and wishes of
those around us! An inert, sluggish nature, half ice, half rock,
cannot do this. To achieve it, as methinks your fair kinswoman does,
requires all her understanding, all her sweetness, all that exquisite
tact and penetrative feeling I never saw but in her."

"I am glad you say this," said James. "Yes, Kate has a warm heart:
none has a better right to say so than I. There are--there were times,
for the gloom of the dark hour is somewhat mitigated--when no priest,
no penance, had such power over me as my cousin Katherine's sweet
voice. Like a witch she dived into the recesses of my heart, plucking
thence my unholy distrust in God's mercy. By St. Andrew! when I look
at her, all simple and gentle as she is, I wonder in what part of her
resides the wisdom and the eloquence I have heard fall from her lips;
nor have I had the heart to reprove her, when I have been angered to
see our cousin Sir Patrick driven mad by her sugared courtesies."

"Does she not affect Sir Patrick?" asked Richard, while he wondered at
the thrilling sensation of fear that accompanied his words.

"'Yea, heartily,' she will reply," replied the King; "'Would you have
me disdain our kinsman? She asks when I rail; but you, who are of
gender masculine, though, by the mass! a smooth specimen of our rough
kind, know full well that pride and impertinence are better than
equable, smiling, impenetrable sweetness. Did the lady of my love
treat me thus, 'sdeath, I think I should order myself the rack for
pastime. But we forget ourselves; push on, dear Prince. It is the
hour, when the hawks and their fair mistresses are to meet us on the
hill's side. I serve no such glassy damsel; nor would I that little
Kennedy's eye darted fires on me in scorn of my delay. Are not my
pretty Lady Jane's eyes bright, Sir Duke?'"

"As a fire-fly among dark-leaved myrtles."

"Or a dew-drop on the heather, when the morning sun glances on it, as
we take our mountain morning-way to the chace. You look grave, my
friend; surely her eyes are nought save as nature's miracle to you?"

"Assuredly not," replie York; "are they other to your Majesty--you do
not love the lady?"

"Oh, no," reiterated James with a meaning glance, "I do not love the
Lady Jane; only I would bathe in fire, bask in ice, do each and every
impossibility woman's caprice could frame for trials to gain--but I
talk wildly to a youthful sage. Say, most revered anchorite, wherefore
doubt you my love to my pretty mistress?"

"Love!" exclaimed Richard; his eyes grew lustrous in their own soft
dew as he spoke. "Oh, what profanation is this! And this you think is
love? to select a young, innocent and beauteous girl--who, did she wed
her equal, would become an honoured wife and happy mother--to select
her, the more entirely to deprive her of these blessings--to bar her
out for ever from a woman's paradise, a happy home; you, who even now
are in treaty for a princess-bride, would entice this young thing to
give up her heart, her all, into your hands, who will crush it, as
boys a gaudy butterfly when the chace is over. Dear my Lord, spare her
the pain, yourself, remorse; you are too good, too wise, too generous,
to commit this deed and not to suffer bitterly."

A cloud came over James's features. The very word 'remorse' was a
sound of terror to him. He smote his right hand against his side,
where dwelt his heart in sore neighbourhood to the iron of his

At this moment, sweeping down the near hillside, came a gallant array
of ladies and courtiers. The King even lagged behind; when near, he
accosted Katherine, he spoke to the Earl of Angus, to Mary Boyd, to
all save the Lady Jane, who first looked disdainful, then hurt, and at
last, unable to struggle with her pain, rode sorrowfully apart. James
tried to see, to feel nothing. Her pride he resisted; her anger he
strove to contemn, her dejection he could not endure: and, when riding
up to her unaware, he saw the traces of tears on her cheek, usually so
sunny bright with smiles, he forgot every thing save his wish to
console, to mollify, to cheer her. As they returned, his hand was on
her saddle-bow, his head bent down, his eyes looking into hers, and
she was smiling, though less gay than usual. From that hour James less
coveted the Prince's society. He began a little to fear him: not the
less did he love and esteem him; and more, far more did he deem him
worthy of the honour, the happiness he intended to bestow upon him.


She is mine own;
And I as rich in having such a jewel.
As twenty seas, if all their sand were pearl.
Their water nectar, and the rocks pure gold!

The threads were spun, warp and woof laid on, and Fate busily took up
the shuttle, which was to entwine the histories of two beings, at
whose birth pomp and royalty stood sponsors, whose career was marked
by every circumstance that least accorded with such a nativity. A
thousand obstacles stood in the way; the King, with all his fervour,
hesitated before he proposed to the Earl of Huntley to bestow his
daughter, of whom he was justly proud, on a fugitive sovereign,
without a kingdom, almost without a name. Fortune, superstition, ten
thousand of those imperceptible threads which fate uses when she
weaves her most indissoluble webs, all served to bring about the
apparently impossible.

The Earl of Huntley was a man of plain, straightforward, resolved
ambition. His head was warm, his heart cold, his purpose one--to
advance his house, and himself as the head of it, to as high a
situation as the position of subject would permit. In the rebellion
which occasioned the death of James the Third, he had vacillated,
unable quite to ascertain which party would prove triumphant; and when
the rebels, rebels then no more, but lieges to James the Fourth, won
the day, they looked coldly on their lukewarm partizan. Huntley grew
discontented: though still permitted to hold the baton of Earl
Marshal, he saw a cloud of royal disfavour darkening his fortunes; in
high indignation he joined in the nefarious plot of Buchan, Bothwell,
and Sir Thomas Todd, to deliver his sovereign into the hands of Henry
of England, a project afterwards abandoned.

Time had softened the bitter animosities which attended James at the
beginning of his reign. He extended his favour to all parties, and
reconciled them to each other. A wonder it was, to see the Douglas's,
Hamiltons, Gordons, Homes, the Murrays, and Lennoxes, and a thousand
others, at peace with each other, and obedient to their sovereign. The
Earl of Huntley, a man advanced in life, prudent, resolute and
politic, grew into favour. He was among the principal of the Scottish
peers; he had sons to whom the honours of his race would descend; and
this one daughter, whom he loved as well as he could love any thing,
and respected from the extent of her influence and the perfect
prudence of her conduct, she was his friend and counsellor, the
mediator between him and her brothers; the kind mistress to his
vassals; a gentle, but all powerful link between him and his king,
whose value he duly appreciated.

Her marraige was often the subject of his meditation. Superstition was
ever rife in Scotland. James the Third had driven all his brothers
from him, because he had been told to beware of one near of kin; and
his death, of which his son was the ostensible agent, fulfilled the
prophecy. Second-sight in the Highlands was of more avail than the
predictions of a low-land sibyl. The seer of the house of Gordon had,
on the day of her birth, seen the Lady Katherine receive homage as a
Queen, and standing at the altar with one on whose young brow he
perceived all dim and shadowy, "the likeness of a kingly crown." True,
this elevation was succeeded by disasters: he had beheld her a
fugitive; he saw her stand on the brow of a cliff that overlooked the
sea, while the wild clouds careered over the pale moon, alone,
deserted; he saw her a prisoner; he saw her stand desolate beside the
corpse of him she had wedded--the diadem was still there, dimly seen
amid the disarray of his golden curls. These images haunted the Earl's
imagination, and made him turn a slighting ear to Sir Patrick Hamilton
and other noble suitors of his lovely child. Sometimes he thought of
the King, her cousin, or one of his brothers: flight, desolation and
death were no strange attendants on the state of the King of Scotland,
and these miseries he regarded as necessary and predestined; he could
not avert, and so he hardly regarded them, while his proud bosom
swelled at the anticipation of the thorny diadem which was to press
the brow of a daughter of the Gordon.

Lord Huntley had looked coldly on the English Prince. Lord Bothwell,
as he called himself, otherwise Sir John Ramsay of Balmaine, his
former accomplice, tampered with him on the part of Henry the Seventh,
to induce him to oppose warmly the reception of this "feigned boy,"
and to negative every proposition to advance his claims. King Henry's
urgent letters, and Ramsay's zeal, awakened the Earl's suspicions; a
manifest impostor could hardly engender such fears, such hate; and,
when midnight assassination, or the poisoned bowl were plainly hinted
at by the monarch of wide England, Huntley felt assured that the enemy
he so bitterly pursued was no pretender, but the rightful heir of the
sceptre Henry held. He did not quite refuse to join with Bothwell,
especially when he heard that he was listened to by the Bishop of
Moray and the Earl of Buchan; but involuntarily he assumed a different
language with regard to York, became more respectful to him, and by
his demeanour crushed at once the little party who had hitherto spoken
of him with contempt. The King perceived this change; it was the
foundation-stone of his project. "Tell me, you who are wise, my lord,"
said the Monarch to his Earl Marshal, "how I may raise our English
Prince in the eyes of Scotland. We fight for him in the spring, for
him, we say: but few of ours echo the word; they disdain to fight for
any not akin to them."

"They would fight for the Foul Fiend," said Huntley, "whom they would
be ill-pleased to call cousin, if he led them over the English

"Aye, if he took them there to foray; but the Duke of York will look
on England as his own, and when the nobles of the land gather round
him, it will be chauncy work to keep them and our Scots from shedding
each other's blood; they would spill Duke Richard's like water, if no
drop of it can be deemed Scotch."

"It were giving him a new father and mother," replied the Earl, "to
call him thus."

"When two even of hostile houses intermarry, our heralds pale their
arms; the offspring pale their blood."

"But what Scottish lady would your Grace bestow on him whose rank were
a match for royalty? There is no Princess of the Stuarts."

"And were there," asked James quickly, "would it beseem us to bestow
our sister on a King Lackland?"

"Or would your Majesty wait till he were King of England, when France,
Burgundy and Spain would compete with you? I do believe that this
noble gentleman has fair right to his father's crown; he is gallant
and generous, so is not King Henry; he is made to be the idol of a
warlike people, such as the English, so is not his rival. Do you
strike one stroke, the whole realm rises for him, and he becomes its
sovereign: then it were a pride and a glory for us, for him a tie to
bind him for ever, did he place his diadem on the head of a Scottish

"You are sanguine and speak warmly," replied the King: "see you beyond
your own words? to me they suggest a thought which I entertain, or
not, as is your pleasure: there is but one lady in our kingdom fitting
mate for him, and she is more Gordon than Stuart. Did your Lordship
glance at the Lady Katherine in your speech?"

Lord Huntley changed colour: a sudden rush of thought palsied the
beatings of his heart. Was he called upon to give his child, his
throne-destined daughter, to this king-errant? Nay, nay, thus did
fortune blindly work; her hand would insure to him the crown, and so
fulfil to her the dark meaning of the seer: hesitating, lost to his
wonted presence of mind, Huntley could only find words to ask for a
day for reflection. James wondered at this show of emotion; he could
not read its full meaning: "At your pleasure, my Lord," he said, "but,
if you decide against my honoured, royal friend, remember that this
question dies without record--you will preserve our secret."

Every reflection that could most disquiet an ambitious man possessed
the Earl Marshal. That his daughter should be Queen of England was
beyond his hopes; that she should be the the errant wife of a
pretender, who passed his life in seeking ineffectual aid at foreign
courts, was far beneath them. He canvassed every likelihood of York's
success; now they dwindled like summer-snow on the southern mountain's
side--now they strode high and triumphant over every obstacle; the
clinging feeling was--destiny had decreed it--she being his wife, both
would succeed and reign. "There is fate in it," was his last
reflection, "and I will not gainsay the fulfilment. Andrew of the
Shawe was the Prince of Seers, as I have good proof. Still to a
monarch alone shall she give her hand, and I must make one condition."

This one condition Lord Huntley communicated to his royal master. It
was that York should, as of right he might, assume the style and title
of King. James smiled at his Earl Marshal's childish love of gauds,
and did not doubt that the Duke would pay so easy price for a jewel
invaluable as Katherine. But granting this, the King, knowing the
noble's despotic character, required one condition also on his part,
that he should first announce the intended union to the lady, and that
it should not have place without her free and entire consent. Huntley
was surprised; "Surely my liege," he began, "if your Majesty and I

"Our sweet Kate will obey," interrupted James; "but this is no mere
marriage of policy; hazards, fearful hazards may attend it. Did I not
believe that all would end well, by the Holy Rood he should not have
her; but she may see things with different eyes--she may shrink from
becoming the wife of an exile, a wanderer without an home: yet that
need never be."

York little guessed the projects of his royal friend. Love, in its
most subtle guise, had insinuated itself into his soul, becoming a
very portion of himself. That part of our nature, which to our
reflections appears the most human, and yet which forms the best part
of humanity, is our desire of sympathy; the intense essence of
sympathy, is love. Love has been called selfish, engrossing,
tyrannic--as the root, so the green leaf that shoots from it--love is
a part of us--it is our manifestation of life; and poisonous or sweet
will be the foliage, according to the stock. When we love, it is our
aim and conclusion to make the object a part of ourselves--if we are
self-willed and evilly inclined, little good can arise; but deep is
the fount of generous, devoted, godlike feeling, which this silver key
unlocks in gentle hearts. Richard had found in the Lady Katherine a
magic mirror, which gave him back himself, arrayed with a thousand
alien virtues; his soul was in her hands, plastic to her fairy touch,
and tenderness and worship and wonder took his heart, ere passion
woke, and threw a chain over these bosom guests, so that they could
never depart. A mild, yet golden light dawned upon his soul, and
beamed from it, lighting up creation with splendour--filling his mind
with mute, yet entrancing melody. He walked in a dream; but far from
being rendered by his abstraction morose or inattentive to others,
never had he been so gay, never so considerate and amiable. He felt
that, beneath the surface of his life, there was the calm and even the
bliss of paradise; and his lightest word or act must be, by its grace
and benevolence, in concord with the tranquil spirit that brooded over
his deeper-hidden self. All loved him the better for the change, save
Frion; there was something in him that the wily Frenchman did not
understand; he went about and about, but how could this man of "low-
thoughted care" understand the holy mysteries of love.

Katherine accompanied her father to Gordon Castle, in Aberdeenshire.
Where was the light now, that had made a summer noon in Richard's
soul? There was memory: it brought before him her cherub-face, her
voice, the hours when at her side he had poured out his overbrimming
soul in talk--not of love, but of ideas, feelings, imaginations he had
never spoken before. Two days past, and by that time he had collected
a whole volume of things he wished to say--and she was far: then hope
claimed entrance to his heart, and with her came a train he dreamt not
of--of fears, anticipations, terror, despair; and then a tenfold
ardour for his enterprize. Should he not win Katherine and a kingdom?

On the third day after her departure, King James informed the Prince,
that Lord Huntley had invited them to visit him at his castle. "Will
your Grace venture," he asked, "so far into the frozen circles of the
icy North? You will traverse many a savage defile and wild mountain-
top; torrents and dark pine forests bar the way, and barrenness
spreads her hag's arms to scare the intruder. I speak your language,
the effeminate language of an Andalusian, who loves the craggy
heights, only when summer basks upon them; and the deep sunless dell,
when myrtles and geranium impregnate the air with sweets. I love the
mist and snow, the tameless winds and howling torrent, the bleak
unadorned precipice, the giant pines where the North makes music. The
grassy upland and the cornfield, these belong to man, and to her they
call Nature, the fair, gaudy dame; but God takes to himself, and lives
among, these sublime rocks, where power, majesty and eternity are
shaped forth, and the grandeur of heaven-piercing cliffs allies us to
a simple but elevating image of the Creator."

King James was a poet, and could feel thus--York might smile at his
enthusiasm for the bleak and horrific. But had the path to Gordon
Castle been ten times more frightful, the thoughts of love were roses,
the hopes of love vernal breezes, to adorn it with beauty. "Say, my
Lord," continued James, "shall we go, throwing aside the cumbrous
burthen of pomp? We are here in Perth. Yonder, over those peaks, lies
our direct path. Shall we, two woodland rovers, with bows in our hand
and quivers at our back, take our solitary way through the wild
region? It is my pastime ofttimes so to do; and well I know the path
that leads me to the abode of my cousin Kate. We will send our
attendants by the easier path to the eastern sea-shore, at once to
announce our approach, and bear such gear as we may need, not to play
too humble a part in Huntley's eyes."

A thousand motives of policy and pride had induced the Earl to desire
that this marriage should be celebrated in the Highlands. Here he
would appear almost a sovereign to his royal son-in-law; here also he
should avoid the sarcasms of the Tudor party, and the anger of those
who had pretended to fair Katherine's hand. James consented to his
wish, and now led his friend and guest, through the very heart of his
craggy kingdom over the Grampians, towards Aberdeen. It was the end of
October; a few sweet autumnal days still lingered among these northern
hills, as if to light on their way the last feathered migrators,
hastening towards the south; but dark mists invested their morning
progress. The rivers were swollen; and the mountain peaks often
saluted the rising sun, garmented in radiant snow. It was a little
drear, yet grand, sublime, wondrous. York suppressed his chilling
distaste, till it grew into admiration; the King played the guide
featly; and the honoured name of the Bruce, which peopled this region
with proud memories, was the burthen of many a tale; nor was his
account of the fierce people of these wilds unwelcome to a warrior.
York remarked that the King was generally known to them, not, indeed,
as a monarch, but as a hunter, a traveller, sometimes as a skilful
mediciner, or as a bard, and always hospitably received.

After three days they drew near their journey's end: curiosity as to
the cause of their visit, anxiety concerning his reception, all faded
in Richard's heart; dimmed by the glad expectation of seeing her
again, who had dawned, the glowing orient of his darkened heart. They
had departed from their rude shelter before the sun rose: the mountain
peaks were awake with day, while night still slumbered in the plain
below: some natural sights speak to the heart more than others,
wherefore we know not: the most eloquent is that of the birth of day
on the untrodden hill-tops, while we who behold it, are encompassed by
shadows. York paused: the scene appeared to close in on him, and to
fill him, even to overflowing, with its imagery. They were toiling up
the mountain's side: below, above, the dark pines, in many a tortuous
shape, clung to the rifted rocks; the fern clustered round some
solitary old oak; while, beetling over, were dark frowning crags, or
the foldings of the mountains, softened into upland, painted by the
many coloured heather. With the steady pace of a mountaineer, King
James breasted the hill-side; nor did York bely his rugged Spanish
home. As a bravado, the King in the very sheer ascent trolled a
ballad, a wild Scottish song, and Richard answered by a few notes of a
Moorish air. A voice seemed to answer him, not an echo, for it was not
his own, but taking the thrilling sweetness of Monina's tones. Ah!
ungentle waves, and untaught winds, whither bear ye now the soft
nursling of Andalusia? Such a thought darkened York's brow; when the
King, pausing in his toil, leaned against a jutting crag--both young,
both gallant, both so noble and so beautiful; of what could they
think--of what speak? Not of the well governed realm of the one, nor
the yet unconquered kingdom of the other; of such they might have
spoken among statesmen and warriors, in palaces or on the battle
plain; but here, in this wild solitude, the vast theatre whose
shifting scenes and splendid decorations were the clouds, the
mountain, the forest and the wave, where man stood, not as one of the
links of society, forced by his relative position to consider his
station and his rank, but as a human being, animated only by such
emotions as were the growth of his own nature--of what should they
speak--the young, the beautiful--but love!

"Tell me, gentle Cavalier," cried James suddenly; "hast thou ever been
in love? Now would I give my jewel-hilted dagger to tear thy secret
from thee," continued the King laughing; for York's eyes had flashed
with sudden light, and then fell downcast. Where were his thoughts? at
his journey's goal, or on the ocean sea? If he smiled, it was for
Kate; but the tear that glittered on his long eyelashes, spoke of his
Spanish maid. Yet it was not the passion of love that he now felt for
his childhood companion; it was tenderness, a brother's care, a
friend's watchfulness, all that man can feel for woman, unblended with
the desire of making her his; but gratitude and distance had so
blended and mingled his emotions, that thus addressed, he almost felt
as if he had been detected in a crime.

"Now, by the Holy Rood, thou blushest," said James, much amused; "not
more deeply was fair Katherine's cheek bedyed, when I put the self-
same question to her. Does your Grace guess, wherefore we journey

Richard turned an inquiring and unquiet look upon his royal companion.
A kind of doubt was communicated to James's mind; he knew little of
his friend's former life: was it not possible that engagements were
already formed, incompatible with his plans? With some haughtiness,
for his impetuous spirit ill brooked the slightest check, he disclosed
the object of their visit to Castle Gordon, and the proposal he had
made to the Earl to unite him in marriage to the Scottish Princess.

"When I shall possess my kingdom--when I may name my wife, that which
she is, or nothing--Queen!" Richard exclaimed.

"Nay, I speak of no millenium, but of the present hour," said James.

The enthusiastic King, bent upon his purpose, went on to speak of all
the advantages that would result from this union. York's silence
nettled him: the Prince's thoughts were indeed opposed to the
exultation and delight which his friend had expected to see painted on
his face. The first glad thought of a lover, is to protect and exalt
her he loves. Katherine was a princess in her native land;--and what
was he?--an outcast and a beggar--a vagabond upon the earth--a man
allied to all that was magnificent in hope--to all that imagination
could paint of gallant and true in himself, and devoted and noble in
his friends. But these were idealities to the vulgar eye; and he had
only a title as unreal as these, and a mere shadowy right, to bestow.
It had been sinful even to ally Monina to his broken fortunes; but
this high offspring of a palace--the very offer, generous as it was,
humbled him. A few minutes' silence intervened; and, in a colder tone
James was about to address him, when York gave words to all the
conflicting emotions in his breast--speaking such gratitude, love,
hope, and despair, as reassured his friend, and made him the more
resolve to conquer the difficulties unexpectedly given birth to by the
disinterestedness of his guest.

A contest ensued; Richard deprecating the rich gift offered to him--
the King warmly asserting that he must accept it. The words vagabond
and outcast were treason to his friendship: if, which was impossible,
they did not succeed in enforcing the rights to his ancestral kingdom,
was not Scotland his home--for ever his home--if he married Katherine?
And the Monarch went on to describe the happiness of their future
lives--a trio bound by the ties of kindred--by affection--by the
virtues, nay, even by the faults of each. He spoke also of the
disturbances that so often had wrecked the fortunes of the proudest
Scottish nobles, and said, that a princess of that land, united, it
might be, to one of its chiefs, trimmed her bark for no summer sea.
"Like these wild Highlands are our storm-nursed lives," continued
James. "By our ruder thanes the beautiful and weak are not respected;
and tempest and ruin visit ever the topmost places. Kate is familiar
to such fears, or rather, to the resignation and courage such
prospects may inspire. Look around on these crags! listen! the storm
is rising on the hills--howling among the pines. Such has been my
cousin's nursery--such the school which has made her no slave of
luxury; no frail flowret, to, be scared when the rough wind visits her

In such discussions the travellers beguiled the time. The day was
stormy; but, eager to arrive, they did not heed its pelting. York had
a sun in his own heart, that beamed on him in spite of the clouds
overhead. Notwithstanding his first keen emotion of pain at the idea
of linking one so lovely to his dark fate, the entrancing thought of
possessing Katherine--that she had already consented to be his--
animated him with delight, vague indeed; for yet he struggled against
the flattering illusion.

After battling the whole day against a succession of steep
acclivities, as evening drew near, the friends gained the last hill-
top, and stood on its brow, overlooking a fertile plain or strath--an
island of verdure amidst the black, precipitous mountains that girdled
it. The sun was hidden by the western mountains, which cast their
shadow into the valley; but the clouds were dispersed, and the round
full silvery moon was pacing up the eastern heaven. The plain at their
feet was studded by villages, adorned' by groves, and threaded by two
rivers, whose high, romantic banks varied the scene. An extensive,
strongly-built castle stood on the hill that overhung one of the
streams, looking proudly down on this strath, which contained nearly
thirty-six square miles of fertile ground. "Behold," said James, "the
kingdom of Lord Huntley, where he is far more absolute than I in my
bonny Edinburgh. The Gordon fought for the Bruce; and the monarch
bestowed on him this fair, wide plain as his reward. Bruce flying
before his enemies, on foot, almost alone, among these savage
Grampians, then looked upon it as now we do."

King James's thoughts were full of that wild exhilaration of spirit,
which none, save the inhabitant of a mountainous country, knows, when
desolation is around--a desolation which is to him the pledge of
freeedom and of power. But York had other ideas: he had been told that
the Lady Katherine had yielded a willing consent to the proposal made;
and she whom he had before conversed with only as a gentle friend--
she, the lovely and the good--his young heart beat thick,--it had no
imagery, far less words, expressive of the rapture of love, tortured
by the belief that such a prize he ought to--he must--resign.

The petty tyranny of trivial circumstance often has more power over
our best-judged designs, than our pride permits us to confess. From
the moment York entered Castle Gordon, he found an almost invisible,
but all-conquering net thrown over him. The Gordon, for thus the Earl
of Huntley preferred being called, when surrounded by his clan in his
northern fastness, received the Princes with barbaric, but extreme
magnificence: his dress was resplendent; his followers numerous, and
richly clad according to Highland ideas of pomp. But no Lady Katherine
was there, and it soon became apparent that Richard was first to see
her at the altar. Sounds of nuptial festivity rang through the Castle;
instead of grace or generosity attending his meditated declining of
the honour, it would have borne the guise of an arrogant refusal.
There was also something in the savage look of the clansmen, in the
rude uncivilization of her native halls, where defence and attack
formed the creed and practice of all, that reconciled him to the idea
of leading her from the wild north to softer milder scenes; where
every disaster wears a gentler shape; soothed, not exasperated by the
ministrations of nature.

At midnight, but a very few hours after his arrival, he stood beside
her in the chapel to interchange their vows. The Earl had decorated
the holy place with every emblem that spoke of his own greatness, and
that of his son-in-law. The style of royalty was applied to him, and
the ambitious noble, "overleaping" himself, grasped with childish or
savage impetuosity at the shadowy sceptre, and obscure cloud-wrapt
crown of the royal exile. York, when he saw the Princess, summoned all
his discernment to read content or dissatisfaction in her eyes; if any
of the latter should appear, even there he would renounce his hopes.
All was calm, celestially serene. Nay, something almost of exulation
struggled through the placid expression of her features, as she cast
her eyes up to Heaven, till modest gentleness veiled them again, and
they were bent to earth.

The generosity and pride of woman had kindled these sentiments. The
Lady Katherine, a princess by birth, would scarcely have dreamed of
resisting her father's behests, even if they had been in opposition to
her desires; but here she was to sacrifice no inclination, nothing but
prosperity; that must depart for ever she felt, she knew, when she
became the bride of England's outcast Prince. Yet should aught of good
and great cling to him, it was her gift; and to bestow was the passion
of her guileless heart. It was not reason; it was feeling, perhaps
superstition, that inspired these ideas. The seer who foretold her
fortunes, had been her tutor and her poet; she believed in him, and
believed that all would be accomplished; even to the death of the
beautiful and beloved being who stood in the pride and strength of
youth at her side. All must be endured; for it was the will of Heaven.
Meanwhile, that he should be happy during his mortal career was to be
her study, her gift, the aim of her life. In consenting to be his, she
also had made a condition, that, if defeat awaited his arms, and that
again a wanderer he was obliged to fly before his enemies, she was not
to be divided from him; if no longer here, she was to be permitted to
join him; if he departed, she should accompany him.

As the priest bestowed his benediction on the illustrious and
beauteous pair, a silent vow was formed in the heart of either. Doomed
by his ill-fate to hardship and dependence, he would find in her a
medicine for all his woes, a wife, even the better, purer part of
himself, who would never suffer him to despair: but who would take the
bitterer portion of his sorrow on herself, giving in return the
heroism, the piety, the serene content which was the essence of her
being. His vow, it depended not on himself, poor fellow! "Never
through me shall she suffer," was the fervent resolve. Alas! as if
weak mortal hands could hold back giant Calamity, when he seizes the
heart, and rends it at his pleasure.


But these are chimes for funerals: my business
Attends on fortune of a sprightlier triumph;
For love and majesty are reconciled.
And vow to crown thee Empress of the West.

The royal party returned to Edinburgh, where the nuptials of Richard
of England and the Lady Katherine were celebrated with splendour.
Festivities of all kinds, tournaments, hunting parties, balls,
succeeded to each other; but far beyond every outward demonstration
was the real happiness ensured by this marriage. Graced by Katherine,
the little English court became a paradise. The Princess assumed her
new character among the exiles with facility; yet the phrase is bad,
for Katherine could assume nothing, not even a virtue, if she had it
not. In every position she was not princess, queen, patroness, or
mistress; but woman merely--a true-hearted, gentle, refined woman. She
was too young for the maternal character to be appropriate to her, yet
the watchfulness and care she had for all resembled it. Her new
subjects felt as if before they had been a disconnected, vagabond
troop, and that dignity and station were assigned to them through her:
through her the charities and elegances of life hallowed and adorned
them. The quality most peculiarly her own was the divine simplicity
which animated her look, her manners, her acts. Taintless simplicity,
that best of fascinations, whose power is not imperious and sudden,
but gradual and changeless, where every word spoken is but the genuine
interpreter of the feelings of the heart, to which not only falsehood,
but even the slightest disguise or affectation, is wholly foreign; and
which is the more delicate, winning, and kind, from being
spontaneous--so that, as in describing her, her royal cousin had
said, "you almost questioned her authority from its want of
pretension, yet yielded to it in all its extent."

Richard's political position stood higher than ever. The ever-watchful
Duchess of Burgundy had sent a renowned Burgundian captain, Sir
Roderick-de-Lalayne, with two hundred German mercenaries. The King of
France, at the request of Henry the Seventh, had dispatched an embassy
to King James, to advise a peace between England and Scotland. The
ambassador was the Sire de Concressault, York's ancient friend, who
continued to espouse his cause warmly, and gave it all the grace and
honour of his high influence. King James was eager to collect his
army, and to prepare for an invasion. If Richard had lost any part of
his open-hearted confidence and personal friendship, he had gained in
his esteem and consideration. The change that had been operated was
imperceptible to York, who naturally found in his marriage a barrier
to the hourly intercourse they had formerly had, when both were free.
Yet change there was, greater even than the King himself suspected:
the causes were easily traced.

The Tudor party in Scotland, instigated by bribes and large promises,
were very active in their enmity to the White Rose. They had been
obliged to let the torrent of royal favour force its headlong way, but
they watched the slightest pause in its flow, to throw impediments in
the way of the abundant stream. Soon after his return from the North,
it became apparent that the King continued no unsuccessful suitor to
the Lady Jane Kennedy. This a good deal estranged him from his English
friend, who no longer reproved, but whose tacit condemnation he
feared, as well as that of his fair cousin. Nay more, Lady Jane had
drawn from him the cause of their transient quarrel, and, now that she
had yielded, felt angry and disdainful at the attempt made to estrange
her lover. One of those lower eddies or currents of intelligence, so
in use at courts, had reported an angry expression of hers to the Earl
of Buchan, one of York's most active enemies. This grasping-place in
their difficult way was eagerly laid hold of by the conspirators. A
coalition was formed between Lady Jane and this party, which ensured
the aggravation of any ill-feeling that might arise between the late
brothers in heart. Soon after another agent or tool was added to their

The most subtle, the most politic, the most wily, are sometimes the
slaves of impulse; nay, very often those who fancy that they measure
their actions the most narrowly by the rules, either of self-interest
or ambition, are more easily influenced to unwise passion by any
obstacle thrown in their path. The Secretary Frion had hitherto
considered himself of primal import to the English Prince: no project
was conceived, that was not first concocted in his brain, and
insinuated by him; every new partizan had been enticed by his silvery
speeches; whatever of difficult, crooked and hidden was to be done,
Frion was consulted, and employed, and deeply trusted in its
accomplishment. On his first arrival in Scotland, the intimacy between
the King and York destroyed half his influence. James's discernment
and experience was not duped by the insinuating flatteries of Frion:
as a proud man he disdained, as a conscientious and pious one, he
disliked him. It was worse when Katherine's influence became
paramount; she put him exactly in his right place, yet was so kind
that there was no room for complaint: all his former patrons were her
worshippers; her praises were re-echoed from all; and assuredly no
intrigue could exist where she was. Yet it was neither comprehensible,
nor to be endured, that this banished Prince and his friends should
walk straight forward in their allotted route, unaided by plot or
manoeuvre. The subtlety of the man quickly revealed to him the
existence of the opposing party; he was ready to foment it, were it
only to gain reputation afterwards by its destruction. He made one
step, and became the confidant of Balmayne, and apparently the tool of
the higher confederates: at first he rather perplexed than served
them, spinning spiders' webs in their way, and elevating himself in
their eyes by brushing them off at his pleasure. He was exactly the
man to shine in a dark conspiracy: soon nothing could be done but by
his advice, nothing known but as he informed them, nothing said but as
he dictated. Balmayne, who, fierce and moody, entered more zealously
into these discontents than any other, yet took his counsel--little
knew they Maitre Etienne Frion: he only watched the while, sage fisher
of men as he was, for the best opportunity of betraying them for his
own advantage. In the midst of festivity, of gallant, warlike
preparation, Frion had, like a witch gathering poisonous herbs by the
silvery light of the quiet moon, sought to extract all that was
baleful in what, but for the uses to which he strove to put it, had
died innocuous.

The winter grew into spring: these were the happiest months of young
Richard's life. He had traversed many a pass of danger and tract of
sorrow--falsehood had blotted--loss of friends who had died for him,
had darkened the past years: often during their course he had believed
that he gave himself up to despair; he had fancied that he had doubted
every one and every thing; he imagined that he was tired of
existence--vain ideas! Sanguine, confiding, full to the very brim of
that spirit of life which is the happiness of the young, he sprung up
a fresh Antus, each time that fortune with Herculean power had thrown
him to the earth. And now he congratulated himself even on every
misery, every reverse, every sentiment of despondency that he
experienced: they were so many links of the chain that made him what
he was--the friend of James, the husband of Katherine. It was this
best attribute of sunny-hearted youth, this greenness of the soul,
that made Richard so frank, so noble, so generous: Care and Time had
laboured in vain--no wrinkle, no deforming line marked his mind, or,
that mind's interpreter, his open, candid brow.

With the spring the Scottish troops drew together, and encamped near
Edinburgh. The occasion seemed seasonable; for news arrived of
disturbances which had taken place in England, and which had caused
Henry the Seventh to recall the Earl of Surrey, (who was conducting an
army northward to oppose the expected attack from Scotland) to check
and defeat enemies which had arisen in the west of his kingdom. The
inhabitants of Cornwall, vexed by increasing taxes, had long been in a
state of turbulence; and now, instigated by two ringleaders from among
themselves, combined together, and rose in open and regulated
rebellion--sedition, it might have been called; and had perhaps been
easily crushed, but for the interference of one, who acted from
designs and views which at first had made no part of the projects of
the insurgents.

Lord Audley had not forgotten the White Rose. On his return westward,
however, he found all so quiet, that no effort of his could rouze the
rich and satisfied men of Devon, from their inglorious repose. His
imprudence attracted attention; he had notice of the danger of an
arrest, and suddenly resolved to quit the post he had chosen, and to
join the Duke of York in Ireland. He came too late; the English
squadron had sailed; and he, changeful as the winds and as impetuous,
despising a danger now remote, resolved to return to England, and to
Devonshire. His voyage from Cork to Bristol was sufficiently
disastrous; contrary and violent winds drove him from his course into
the Atlantic; here he beat about for several days, till the wind,
shifting a point or two to the west, he began to make what sail he
could in the opposite direction. Still the weather was tempestuous,
and his skiff laboured frightfully amidst the stormy waves: not far
from them, during the greatest fury of the gale, was a larger vessel,
if such might be called the helmless, dismasted hull, tossed by the
billows, the sport of the winds, as it rose and fell in the trough of
the sea. At length the wind lulled; and the captain of the caravel,
which indeed might be called a wreck, lowered a boat, and came
alongside Lord Audley's vessel, asking whither he was bound? To
England, was the answer; and the vast reef of clouds lifted on the
southern horizon, and showing beyond a streak of azure, gave promise
of success in their voyage. The questioner, who spoke English
imperfectly, went on to say, that in spite of the miserable state of
the caravel, he was resolved not to desert her, but to carry her, God
willing, into the nearest French port he could make. But there was on
board one sick, a woman, whom he wished to spare the dangers and
privations of the voyage. Would the Commander take her to England, and
bestow her in some convent, where she might be tended and kept in
honourable safety? Lord Audley gave a willing consent, and the boat
went off speedily, returning again with their stranger passenger. She
was in the extremity of illness, even of danger, and lay, like a
child, in the arms of the dark, tall, weather-beaten mariner, who,
though squalid in his appearance from fatigue and want, stood as a
rock that has braved a thousand storms; his muscles seemed iron--his
countenance not stern, but calm and resolved--yet tenderness and
softness were in the expression of his lips, as he gazed on his
fragile charge, and placed her with feminine gentleness on such rude
couch as could be afforded; then addressing Lord Audley, "You are an
Englishman," he said, "perhaps a father?"

"I am an English noble," replied the other; "confide in my care, my
honour; but, to be doubly sure, if you feel distrust, remain with us;
yonder wreck will not weather another night."

"She has seen the suns of two worlds," said the sailor proudly, "and
the Blessed Virgin has saved her at a worse hazard; if she perish now,
it were little worth that her old captain survived; better both go
down, as, if not now, some day we shall, together. I will confide my
poor child to you, my Lord. If she recover, she has friends in
England; she would gain them, even if she had them not. Not one among
your boasted island-women is more lovely or more virtuous, than my
poor, my much-suffering Monina."

Lord Audley renewed his protestations. De Faro listened with the
ingenuous confidence of a sailor; he placed several caskets and a
wellfilled bag of gold in the noble's hand, saying, "The Adalid fills
a-pace. You but rob the ocean. If my child survives, you can give her
the treasure you disdain. If she does"--and he bent over her; she
almost seemed to sleep, so oppressed was she by feebleness and fever.
A tear fell from the father's eye upon her brow: "And she will; Saint
Mary guide us, we shall again."

Such was the strange drama acted on the wide boundless sea. Such the
chances that restored the high-minded Andalusian to England, to the
White Rose, to all the scenes, to every hope and fear which she had
resolved to abandon for ever. For good or ill, we are in the hands of
a superior power:

"There's a divinity that shapes our ends.

Rough-hew them how we will."

We can only resolve, or rather endeavour, to act our parts well, such
as they are allotted to us. Little choice have we to seek or to eschew
our several destinations.

With Monina at his side, and his own restless ambition as a spur, it
may be easily imagined what Lord Audley's projects were in joining the
Cornish insurgents. He led them from the Western extremity of the
island towards Kent, where he hoped to find the seeds of rebellion to
Lancaster, which he had sown the year before, ripened into harvest.
News of the unimpeded march of the insurgents from Cornwall to the
neighbourhood of London was brought to Edinburgh, freshening the zeal
and animating the preparations for war.

Already the Scottish army was encamped south of Edinburgh. The English
troops set up their tents among them. The day was fixed for the
departure of the King, the Prince, and the noble leaders. They quitted
Edinburgh in all the pompous array of men assured of victory. James
loved the hopes and stirring delights of war: Richard saw his every
good in life dependent on this expedition, and fostered sanguine
expectation of triumph. The burning desire of asserting himself, of
rewarding his faithful friends, of decorating Katherine with the rank
and honours due to her--the belief that he should achieve all this--
gave dignity, and even gladness, to his last adieu to his lovely wife.
Her heart mirrored his hopes; not that she entertained them for her
own, but for his sake: yet the quicker sensibilities of a woman
imparted fears unknown to him. She concealed them, till when, as her
last office and duty, she had fastened an embroidered scarf around
him. Softly, whisperingly, as fearful of paining him, she said, "You
will return--you have a kingdom here: though England prove false, you
must not disdain to be sole monarch of Katherine."

These words had been spoken--earl, baron, and gallant knight thronged
the courts of Holyrood. There was the sound of warlike trump and the
streaming of painted banners, among which that of the White Rose waved
conspicuous. The King vaulted on his saddle; the Prince of England
rode at his side. He was surrounded by the rude northern warlike
chiefs, ancient enemies of his native land, whose fierce eyes were
lighted up by the expectation of meeting their old adversaries in the
field; could he fancy that, through such aid, he might win back the
crown usurped from him?

King James and Richard rode side by side. At this moment, when the one
was spending the riches of his kingdom and the lives of his subjects
for the other's sake, while the hearts of both were softened by regret
for their abandoned home, and both anticipated the joys of victory or
perils of defeat to be shared between them, the sentiment of
friendship was rekindled. Never had they been more cordial, more
confidential, more happy in each other's society. After several hours'
ride, the short spring day declined to evening, which was accompanied
by a drizzling rain: the bad roads, and the darkness impeded their
progress; and it was night before the twinkling camp-lights appeared
in the distance, and the hum of men was heard. To the right of the
camp, surrounded by the tents of his nobles, the royal pavilion was
pitched. On their arrival the Earl of Buchan was in readiness to hold
the King's stirrup. "Nay," said James, "first we will see our royal
guest lodged: where is the tent of his Grace of England? we commanded
it to be pitched in close neighbourhood to our own."

"Please you, my liege," said Buchan, "Lord Moray gave direction it
should be placed out of our line; it is set up a mile eastward of us."

"My uncle forgot himself; and you also, Sir Earl, were bound rather to
obey our order," said the King.

"There were reasons," returned Buchan: "your Majesty, I dare aver,
will approve the change, and his Highness of England also. There was a
brawl between the Scottish borderers and the English; blood has been
shed. We feared that the peace of the encampment, not to say the life
of his Highness, would be endangered if he were in the midst of our
savage Southrons."

"I like not this," said James moodily, "but it is too late to change
to-night. The rain-drops begin to freeze upon my hair; your Highness
would rather be in your tent, far though it be from mine, than quarrel
about its position at this inclement hour. Lord Buchan, you will
attend him thither. Prince, good night; tomorrow we will be more
brotherly in our fashion; now the fiat of my Lord of Moray must be

The King dismounted and entered his pavilion: as the cloth was raised,
a blazing fire, the apparel of silver flagons and golden cups, the
trim appearance of silken-suited pages were visible, making strong
contrast with the cheerless blank without. One slight glimpse revealed
the cause, and partly excused the inhospitality of James, in not
inviting his guest to partake his warm cheer. One in a kirtle sat
somewhat retired from view; the quick motion of her head, the glance
of her dark eye, showed that the monarch had been impatiently
expected, and was gladly welcomed by the lovely daughter of the Earl
of Cassils.

Lord Buchan accompanied Richard, Lord Barry, and Plantagenet, to their
quarters; talking, as he went, of the contention, which had terminated
fatally to several. They rode down the elevated ground on which the
King's tent was placed, over a plashy low plain, through a little wood
of stunted larch, across a narrow dell, in whose bottom a brook
struggled and murmured, to the acclivity on the other side, on which
the tents of the English troops were pitched; considerably apart from
the rest was Richard's own pavilion: all looked tranquil and even
desolate, compared to the stirring liveliness of the Scotch camp.
Richard was received by Sir George Neville, who looked more than
usually cold and haughty as he bent to Lord Buchan's salutation: the
Scotchman uttered a hasty good night, galloped down the upland, and
across the dell, and was lost to sight in the wood.

"What means this, Sir George?" was the Prince's first remark: "what
dicipline is yours?--brawling and bloodshed with our allies!"

"Did your Highness name them our enemies," said Neville, "it were more
appropriate. Suspend your displeasure, I beseech you, until I can lay
before you the reality of what you name a brawl; my honour, and I fear
all our safeties are concerned in the discovery. Now, your Grace is
wet and fatigued, you will repose."

Richard desired solitude, not rest: he wished to be alone; for a
thousand intricate ideas possessed him, clamouring to be attended to.
He dismissed his friends. Frion only remained--Frion, who lately had
almost become surly, but who was now smooth, supple as ever; his eye
twinkling as of yore, and his ready laugh--that most characteristic
part of him--again showing the old secretary returned. To the Prince's
warm heart the appearance of discontent and moodiness was peculiarly
grating; the smile or frown even of Frion had power over him; and he
felt grateful to the man for his glossy and satisfactory speeches, now
that, spite of himself, a feeling--it was not fear, but an
anticipation of evil--disturbed his mind.

At length, he dismissed him; yet still he felt utterly disinclined for
sleep. For some time he paced his tent; images of war and battle
floated before him--and then the vision of an angel with golden hair
came, not to calm, but to trouble him with unquiet regret. In vain he
strove to awaken the flock of gentle thoughts that usually occupied
him; his ideas seemed wolf-visaged; unreal howlings and cries rung in
his ears. This unusual state of mind was intolerable: he folded his
cloak round him, and step into his outer tent. Frion, two pages, and
his esquire, were to occupy it; but he found it solitary. This seemed
a little strange; but it was early yet. He lifted the outer cloth; a
sentinel was duly at his post; the prince saluted him, and passed on.
The fitful winds of spring had dispersed the storm: the scarcely
waning moon, encircled by the dark clear ether, was in the east; her
yellow light filled the atmosphere, and lay glowing on the trees and
little hill-side. The Prince stept onwards, down the declivity, across
the dell, into the wood. He thought he heard voices; or was it only
the swinging branches of the pines? The breeze raised his hair and
freshened his brow. Still he walked on, till now he came in view of
the Scottish camp, which lay tranquil as sheep in a fold, the moon's
bright eye gazing on it. The sight brought proud Granada and all its
towers, with the Christian camp sleeping at her feet, before his mind;
and he still lingered. Now the tramp of horses became audible: a troop
wound down the hill: the leader stopt, exclaiming, in some wonder, "My
Lord of York! does your Highness need any service? do you bend your
steps to the royal tent?"

"I blush to answer, Sir Patrick," replied the Prince; "for you will
scoff at me as the moon's minion: I came out but to visit her. Yet a
knight need not feel shame at loitering beneath her ray, dreaming of
his lady-love. You are more actively employed?"

"I was on my way to your Highness's encampment," replied the Knight.
"His Majesty is not quite satisfied with Lord Buchan's report, and
sent but now his esquire to me, to bid me visit it. With your good
leave, I will escort you thither."


Traitor, what hast thou done? how ever may
Thy cursed hand so cruelly have swayed
Against that knight? Harrow and weal-away!
After so wicked deed why liv'st thou longer day!

When he had been dismissed by his royal master, Frion called aside the
esquire, and sent him on an errand, it would seem of some import and
distance; for the youth uttered a few forcible interjections, and with
a lowering brow drew on the riding-boots he had just doffed,
muttering, "I must treat my horse better than my Lord treats me; so,
master, seek a fresh steed. By my fay! this is to become a Squire of
Dames--a love-token to the Duchess, in good hour!"

Having got rid of this young gentleman, Frion's next care was to give
distant employment to the pages, saying he would wait their return.
But scarcely had they entered the most crowded part of the camp,
before with quick cautious steps the secretary took the same path
which the Prince trod half an hour later--he crossed the dell, and
arriving at the little wood of larches; instead of traversing, he
skirted it, till the gentle eminence on which the English camp was
pitched, grew higher and more abrupt, the murmuring brook took the
guise of a brawling torrent, grey rocks peeped out from the soil, and
the scene became wilder and more mountainous: he walked on, till he
arrived where a rustic bridge spanned the stream--under its shadow
were three horsemen, two of whom dismounted, and a tall servitor held
the bridles. One of these men Frion knew at once to be him who called
himself Lord Bothwell, King Henry's spy, and Richard's fierce,
motiveless, but ruthless enemy; the other--his bonnet was drawn over
his brow--a cloak obscured his person. Frion's quick eyes scrutinized
it vainly, for the moon, cloudy at intervals, gave uncertain light;
besides, the man had stationed himself within the deepest shadow of
the bridge.

"Good befall your watch," said Frion; "your worship is before your

"Is not all ready?" asked Balmayne.

"That question is mine," replied the other. "You know our treaty--not
a hair of my Lord's head must be injured."

"Tush! tush! fear not, good conscience-stickler," replied Bothwell
with a contemptuous laugh; "no ill will befall the boy; we but ferry
him over the Tweed a few hours earlier than he dreamed of, and land
him all gently on the shore he seeks. As for thy reward, I have said,
name it thyself."

"Fair words are these, Sir John Ramsay," said Frion; "but I said
before, I must have surer pledge, both for my reward and my Lord's
safety. King Henry will haggle about payment when the work is done,
and the steel you wear is a toper in its way."

"How now, Sir Knave," cried Balmayne; "thinkest thou that I will turn
midnight stabber!"

The man in the cloak started at these words. He uttered some sound,
but again drew back; while the person who continued on horseback,
said, and his voice was that of the Bishop of Moray, King James's
uncle, "A truce to this contention, Master Good-fellow--whatever thy
name be: I will answer for thy pay, and here is earnest of my truth."
He threw a purse at Frion's feet--"The peace of two kingdoms--the
honour of a royal, too long dishonoured house are at stake. No time is
this to squabble for marks, or the paltry life of a base impostor. I,
a prince of Scotland, avouch the deed. It were more friendly,
methinks, to unlock his life with the steel key of our friend Wiatt,
than to devote him to the gallows. Let Scotland be rid of him, I reck
not how."

Again Frion fixed his eyes on the other--the clouds had fallen low in
the sky; the moon was clear; the western breeze murmured among the
bushes and the trees, and the beams of the silvery planet played upon
the unquiet waters. "We have no time for delay, Sir John," said Frion,
"prithee introduce me to our fellow labourer--this is the King's
emissary? You call yourself Wiatt, master Black Cloak?"

The other made a gesture of impatience as he stepped aside. Balmayne
and Moray discoursed aside, till the former bade the Secretary lead
on--as they went, the Scotchman and Frion conversed in whispers
concerning their plans, while their companion followed as if doggedly.
Once he cast an impatient glance at the moon--Frion caught that look.
"Have I found you, good friend," he thought; "then by our Lady of
Embrun, you shall acquit you of the debt I claim this night."

With quicker steps the Provencal proceeded, till they reached the
opening of the valley, and came opposite the slope on which the
English camp was pitched. Furthest off and far apart was the royal
pavilion, the banner of England flapping in the breeze, and this the
only sign of life--but for this, the white silent tents looked like
vast druidical stones piled upon a wild moor. They paused--"I must go
first," said Frion; "we have wasted more time than I counted for--you
will await me here."

"Listen, Master Frion," said Balmayne. "I would hardly trust you, but
that I think you are a wise man; silver angels and golden marks, as a
wise man, you will love: one thing you will hardly seek, a shroud of
moonbeams, a grave in the vulture's maw. Look ye, one soars above even
now; he scents dainty fare: twenty true men are vowed that he shall
sup on thee, if thou art foresworn: thou wilt give some signal, when
all is ready."

"That were difficult," said Frion; "I will return anon if there be any
let to your enterprize; else, when the shadow of that tall larch
blackens the white stone at your feet, come up without fear: have ye
bonds ready for your prisoner?"

"An adamantine chain--away!" Frion cast one more glance at him called
Wiatt. "It is even he, I know him, by that trick of his neck; his face
was ever looking sideways:" thus assured, the Frenchman ascended the
hill. Balmayne watched him, now visible, and now half hid by the
deceptive light, till he entered the folds of the pavilion; and then
he glanced his eyes upon the shadow of the tree, yet far from the
white stone; and then paced the sward, as if disdaining to hold
commune with Wiatt. Whatever thoughts possessed this hireling's breast
he made no sign, but stood motionless as a statue; his arms folded,
his head declined upon his breast. He was short, even slight in make,
his motionless, half-shrinking attitude contrasted with the striding
pace and the huge, erect form of the borderer. Who that had looked
down upon these two figures, sole animations visible on the green
earth beneath the moon's bright eye, would have read villany and
murder in their appearance; the soft sweet night seemed an antidote to
savageness, yet neither moon nor the sleeping face of beauteous earth
imparted any gentleness to the Scot; he saw neither, except when
impatiently he glanced at the slow-crawling shadow, and the moonlight
sleeping on the signal stone. Many minutes past--Bothwell gave one
impatient look more--how slowly the dusky line proceeded! He walked
to the edge of the brook; there was no movement about the pavilion;
tranquil as an infant's sleep was the whole encampment. Suddenly a cry
made him start, it was from Wiatt; the man, heretofore so statue-like,
had thrown his arms upward with a passionate gesture, and then,
recalled by Bothwell's imprecation, shrunk back into his former quiet,
pointing only with a trembling finger to the stone, now deep imbedded
in the black shadow of the larch. The Scot gave a short shrill laugh,
and crying "Follow!" began the ascent, taking advantage of such broken
ground and shrubs, as blotted the brightness of the rays that lit up
the acclivity. Bothwell strode on with the activity of a moss-trooper;
Wiatt was scarce able to walk; he stumbled several times. At length
they reached the pavilion; the Frenchman stood just within, lifting
the heavy cloth; they entered. Frion whispered, "I have cleared the
coast; my Lord sleeps; we need but cast a cloak around him, to blind
him, and so bear him off without more ado on his forced journey."

"There is wisdom in your speech," said Balmayne with something of a
grin, "My friend Wiatt has a cloak large and dark enough for the

Frion drew back the silken lining of the inner tent, saying, "Tread
soft, my Lord ever sleeps lightly; he must not be waked too soon."

"Never were the better word," muttered Bothwell: the dimmest twilight
reigned in the tent. The Prince's couch was in shadow; the men drew
near; the sleeper was wrapt in his silken coverlid, with his face
buried in his pillow: his light-brown hair, lying in large clusters on
his cheek, veiled him completely. Ramsay bent over him; his breathing
was heavy and regular; he put out his large bony hand, and, as gently
as he might, removed the quilt, uncovering the sleeper's right side;
then turning to Wiatt, who had not yet advanced, he pointed to the
heaving heart of his victim with such a glance of murderous
callousness, that the very assassin shrunk beneath it; yet he
approached; his hand held an unsheathed dagger, but it shook even to
impotence; he raised it over his prey, but had no power to strike.
Frion had crept round behind; a sound just then, and tramp of feet was
heard in the outer tent; as by magic, in one brief second of time the
mute dread scene changed its every characteristic. The assassin cried
aloud, "It is not he!" Frion had seized his arm--the dagger fell--the
pretended sleeper (one of York's pages) leaped from the couch; and the
muffling cloak, dropping from the murderer's shoulders, disclosed the
wretched, degraded Clifford. Ramsay drew his sword, and rushed towards
the outer tent, when at the same moment Richard of York and Sir
Patrick Hamilton showed themselves from beneath the hangings, which
their attendants had raised. This sight startled Frion, and Clifford,
restored to life and energy, tore himself from his grasp, and in a
moment had rushed from beneath the pavilion: he was forgotten; all
eyes were turned on Bothwell; the dagger at his feet, his drawn sword,
his appearance in the retirement of the Prince of England, all accused
him. He saw at once his danger, drew himself proudly up, and returned
Hamilton's look with a fierce, haughty glare.

"Thy act is worse than thy enemies' speech," said Sir Patrick,
sternly; "thou wilt answer this, recreant, to thy royal master."

"To him, to any, to you," said Balmayne; "There is my glove. Now, on
the hill's side, or in the lists anon, I will avouch my deed."

Hamilton answered with a look of sovereign contempt; he bade his men
seize the traitor. "Before I sleep," he cried, "the King hears this

Richard had looked on in silence and wonder; he placed his hand on
Hamilton's arm, stopping him, "Pardon me, valiant knight," he said;
"but, I do beseech you, disturb not the King to-night, nor ever, with
this ill tale. Too roughly already has the English Prince broken
Scotland's rest. No blood is shed; and, strange as appearances are, I
take Sir John Ramsay's word, and believe that, as a cavalier, he may
maintain his cause, nor stain by it his knightly cognizance. I take up
your glove, fair Sir, but only to restore it; without one slightest
accusation attaching itself to you therewith. Nay, myself will take up
the quarrel, if any blame you. Sir Patrick will not call me to the
trial, I am sure. Frion, conduct the gallant gentleman beyond our

Shame for the first time flushed Ramsay's brow as he left the tent.
The Prince drew up to let him pass, with a mien so dignified and yet
so tranquil, with a smile so bland, that thus it seemed an angelic
essence, incapable of wound, might have gazed on a mere mortal, armed
to injure him.

"Is this recklessness or nobility of soul?" Sir Patrick thought. He
did not doubt, when Richard, changing his look to one of anxious
appeal, besought him to omit utterly to report this strange scene. "I
much fear," he said, "my wily Secretary to be most in fault; and I
caught a glance of one, whose appearance here proves that Ramsay is
not alone guilty. Let me enquire, let me learn--punish, if need be.
English gold and English steel were the weapons here, and I alone have
power over England. You will pledge me your word, Sir Patrick, not to
disquiet our royal cousin by our domestic brawls. We must not put in
opposing scales our paltry anger against ruffians like these, and the
disquiet of the generous-hearted James. Ramsay was his father's
favourite; for his sake he bears with him; and more easily may I. I
indeed, who am most in fault, for spending the precious minutes
wandering, like a shepherd of Arcadia, in listless foolishness,
instead of acting the general, and guarding my tents from such
visitors. The brawl last night might have forewarned me."

"Does it not shame Scotland," cried Hamilton warmly, "that you should
need any guard but our true hearts, while you tread our soil?"

"Were this true," answered York, yet more earnestly, "remember, what
shames Scotland, shames her King. Be assured, dear cousin, I speak
advisedly. Were this examined, worse might appear; and I and your
liege must be the sufferers: I to excite this treason in his subjects'
hearts; he to prove that some near him are not true as they seem."

Hamilton yielded to these many pleas; but his heart warmed with
admiration and love for the noble being who urged the cause of pardon
for his enemies. "Be it as your Highness pleases," he exclaimed. "This
I the more readily yield, since any new attempt kills Hamilton ere it
reach you. I will be your guard, your sentinel, your wide,
invulnerable shield; you will not refuse me this post of honour."

"Or let us both fulfil it," cried York, "one to the other; let us be
brothers in arms, noble Hamilton. And yet, how can I, a fugitive,
almost a tainted man, seek the alliance of one who stands as you do,
fair and free in all men's eyes?"

As he spoke, the Prince held out his hand; the Scottish knight raised
it respectfully to his lips. But now Frion returned; and the clash of
arms and trumpets' sound spoke of the advance of night, and change of
guard: the noble friends took leave of each other, and Sir Patrick
departed. As soon as they were private, the Prince questioned his
Secretary closely and sternly as to the events of the night. Frion had
a plausible and ready tale, of artifice and guile, of how he had a
pledge even from the King's uncle that York's life was not to be
attempted; and that he had but wished to balk and vex them, by causing
the page to be carried off; the discovery of their mistake would shame
them from any second enterprize against the Prince of England.

York was but half satisfied; he had caught a transient glimpse of the
fugitive. Was it indeed Clifford, who came a hired murderer to his
bedside? A man who had partaken his heart's counsels, long his
companion, once his friend? It was frightful, it was humiliating but
to imagine how deep the man may fall, who once gives himself over to
evil thoughts, and unlawful deeds. Frion here protested his ignorance
and surprise. It was almost day before his master dismissed him: and
even then, how could Richard repose? That couch, Clifford had marked
as his bier--it were a bed of thorns; he threw himself on the bare,
hard ground, and innocence had more power than his angelic pity for
the vice of others; it shed poppy influence on his lids; and the beams
of the morning sun stole softly over, but did not disturb his


Methinks I see Death and the Furies waiting
What we will do, and all the Heaven at leisure
For the great spectacle. Draw then your swords!

Faster than the airy slave quicksilver is influenced by the changes of
the atmosphere, does the subtle essence of the mind of one, who from
love or gratitude hangs upon the smile or frown of another, feel the
sunshine or frost of that other's countenance; and an independent
disposition speedily revolts from servile obedience to such
alteration. On the following day, and afterwards on the succeeding
ones, Richard felt that the heart of James was no longer the same. He
was courteous, kind--his friend's interests formed the sole topic of
their conversations--but York could neither say the thing he wished,
nor do that which he desired; the same objects were before him,
apparently the same colouring was upon them; yet a pale sickly hue was
cast over the before glowing picture; a chill had penetrated the
summer warmth in which he basked; the wave was yet calm; but it was
clouded, and no longer showed in its limpid depths that sympathy and
affection, which made the White Rose's fortunes seem truly and
intrinsically Scotland's own.

Friendship was now professed, service tendered; before words had
seemed superfluous--the thing was there. James assured his guest that
he would not turn back, nor give ear to Henry's propositions; and York
felt, with a start, that ear had been given to them, or this
conclusion had not been noted. The disunion and continued separation
of the camps was another circumstance that spoke loudly of division of
thought and counsel.

Frion believed that he should now resume his ancient position with his
royal master: he bore his reproofs humbly, and strove to regain his
favour by the importance of his services. The arcana of the Tudor
party were, to a great degree, revealed to York; and it was easy to
mark the ascendancy it was gaining. The presence of Lady Jane Kennedy
might explain the ceremony and regulations observed in the intercourse
between the King and his friend; but it was Frion's part to disclose
the enmity this lady entertained for the White Rose, and the influence
she exerted to its detriment. Moray and Lord Buchan were her friends,
and they were frequent visitors in the royal pavilion.

A short time somewhat changed this state of things. The army drew near
the frontier; and the King separated himself from the fair mistress of
his heart. On the third day they arrived on the banks of the Tweed. It
was but crossing a little river, but stepping from one stone to
another--and Richard would stand on English ground.

The troops had passed the day before; some had proceeded southward;
others were even now to be seen defiling in long lines on the distant
plain. The sun was up cheerily; the fresh pleasant green of spring had
stolen, more like a tinted atmosphere, than in the guise of foliage,
over tree and bush; field flowers and crocusses peeped from under the
mossy turf. The scene was a wide moor, varied by broken ground; clumps
of trees, where many a bird nestled; and here and there thick
underwood, where the wild deer made his lair; this had been the scene
of a thousand conflicts and of mortal carnage between Scot and
Englishman, but the sky-lark above sang of nature's bounty and
nature's loveliness, an immemorial and perennial hymn, while nothing
spoke of the butchery and wretchedness which once had made the
landscape a tragic corpse-strewn stage.

Reining in his pawing courser, King James, in all the gay array of a
high-born knight, paused on the Scottish bank--his lips, proud as the
Apollo's--spoke of struggle and victory.

--"In his eye

And nostril, beautiful disdain and might

And majesty flashed their full lightnings by." Here was he who, in a
later day, led the flower of Scotland to die on the English plains;
who himself was doomed to lie with mangled limbs, and in blank, cold
extinction, a trophy of victory to his enemy, on Flodden Field: he was
alive now, and in his strength; he drank in with buoyant spirit every
glorious anticipation, and laughed with fond delight; spurring on his
horse, he crossed the ford, and entered England.

In a moment, as by impulse, York, who had lingered, dashed after him;
allies they were; friends in seeming, nay, in truth; for the glance of
proud enmity Richard cast on the Scot was perhaps the more factitious
feeling: it sprung from patriotism, but its energy was borrowed from
the deadly feuds of their ancestors, that natural hate which is said
to exist now between the French and English, and which was far more
envenomed between the near-rival people. Notwithstanding James's
change towards him, York felt in the core of his affectionate heart,
all that was due to him who had raised him when he was fallen; given
him state, power--Katherine; he saw in him his kinsman--his
benefactor. But the pride of a son of England rose in his breast, when
he beheld the haughty Scot caracol in arrogant triumph on her soil.
What was he? What had he done? He was born king and father of this
realm: because he was despoiled of his high rights, was he to abjure
his natural duty to her, as her child? Yet here he was an invader; not
arming one division of her sons against the other, but girt with
foreigners, aided by the ancient ravagers of her smiling villages and
plenteous harvests. He looked on each individual Scot, and on their
gallant king, and felt his bosom swell with rage and hate. These were
unwise, nay, ungrateful sentiments; but he could not repel them. His
first commands were to his cousin, to hasten to Randal of Dacre, to
learn what Yorkists had gathered together to receive him. "If there be
any large company," he said, "without more ado we will thank our kind
cousin, invite him to recross the Tweed, and leave us to fight our
battles by ourselves."

The satisfaction and triumph James felt made him, so far from
participating in York's feelings, turn with renewed cordiality towards
him. It was his first care to have the standard of the White Rose set
up with martial pomp, to disperse his proclamations, and to invite, by
his own manner, the Scottish nobles to encrease in observance towards
the Prince. Lord Huntley, believing that the prophecy of his
daughter's elevation was on the eve of its accomplishment, was
prodigal of his shows of honour and service to his son-in-law. For
some days the pavilions of the brother kings were pitched side by
side, and James each hour thought to hear of the arrival of the
Yorkist nobility of England: he had expected so many that he had given
orders that care should be taken to recall his own troops, when the
English visitants outnumbered his own guard. Day after day passed, and
not one came--not one: even Randal of Dacre, Lord Dacre's brother, who
had visited Richard in Scotland, seized with panic, had gone
southward. Nothing came, save intelligence that the Cornish insurgents
had been defeated on Blackheath, their ringleaders taken and executed:
among them Lord Audley perished.

Another life!--how many more to complete the sad hecatomb, a useless
offering to obdurate fate in Richard's favour! Sir George Neville,
gathered up in all the cold pride of disappointed ambition, disdained
to regret. Plantagenet saw the hopes and purpose of his life crushed,
but dared not give words to his despair; Sir Roderick sneered; Lord
Barry was loud in his laments; while the Scots grew taller and
prouder, and ceased to frequent the tents of the English exiles.
Councils were held by James, in which York had no part: it was only
afterwards, that he learnt it had been commanded to the Scotch army to
lay waste the country. Now indeed all the Englishman was alive in his
heart--he gave sudden orders to raise his camp, and to march forward:
he had sat still too long; he would enter the kingdom he claimed;
discover for himself his chance of success--and, if there were none,
his rights should not be made the pretence of a Scotch invasion.

None cried, "Long live King Richard!" as he passed along. How did his
noble, youthful spirit droop at finding that not only he did not meet
with, but was judged not to deserve success. It ranks among the most
painful of our young feelings, to find that we are justly accused of
acting wrong. Our motives--we believed them disinterested or
justifiable; we have advanced a wondrous step in life before we can
concede even to ourselves that alloy may be mingled with what we
deemed pure gold: ignorant of the soil and culture of our own hearts,
we feel sure that no base mixture can form a part of what we fancy to
be a mine of virgin ore. Richard would have stood erect and challenged
the world to accuse him--God and his right, was his defence. His
right! Oh, narrow and selfish was that sentiment that could see, in
any right appertaining to one man the excuse for the misery of

War, held in leash during the army's march from Edinburgh, was now let
loose; swift and barbarous he tore forward on his way; a thousand
destructions waited on him; his track was marked by ruin: the words of
Lord Surrey were fulfilled. What a sight for one, whose best hope in
acquirring his kingdom, was to bestow the happiness of which the
usurper deprived it. The English troops, about five hundred men,
crossed the wide-spread plains in the immediate vicinity of Scotland;
they entered a beaten track, where the traces of cultivation spoke of
man; a village peeped from among the hedge-row trees--York's heart
beat high. Would the simple inhabitants refuse to acknowledge him? A
few steps disclosed the truth--the village had been sacked by the
Scotch: it was half burnt, and quite deserted; one woman alone
remained--she sat on a pile of ashes wailing aloud. The exiles dared
not read in each other's eyes the expression of their horror; they
walked on like men rebuked. This was England, their country, their
native home; and they had brought the fierce Scot upon her. Passing
forward, they met trains of waggons laden with spoil, droves of cattle
and sheep. They overtook a troop roasting an ox by the burning rafters
of a farmhouse, whose green palings, trim orchard, and shaved grass-
plat, spoke of domestic comfort; the house-dog barked fearfully--a
Lowland archer transfixed him with his arrow.

The English marched on; they dared not eye the ravagers; shame and
hate contended--these were their allies; while the sarcasm and
scornful laugh which followed them, drugged with worm-wood the bitter
draught. In vain, west or east or south, did they turn their eyes, a
sad variety of the same misery presented itself on every side. A stout
yeoman, gashed by an Highlander's claymore, was sometimes the ghastly
stepping-stone passed over to enter his own abode; women and children
had not been spared, or were only left to perish for want. Often
during apparent silence, a fearful shriek, or the voice of
lamentation, burst upon the air: now it was a woman's cry, now the
shrill plaint of infancy. With the exception of these sufferers, the
landscape was a blank. Where were the troops of friends Richard had
hoped would hail him? Where the ancient Yorkists? Gone to augment the
army which Surrey was bringing against the Scot; attached to these
ill-omened allies how could the Prince hope to be met by his
partizans? He had lost them all; the first North Briton who crossed
the Tweed trampled on and destroyed for ever the fallen White Rose.

Resolutely bent on going forward till he should have advanced beyond
the Scotch, on the following day York continued his march. They
entered the ruins of another village; the desolation here was even
more complete, although more recent; the flame was hardly spent upon
the blackened rafters; the piles which the day before had been smiling
dwellings, still smoked; a few domestic animals were skulking about.
There was a church at the end of what had been a street; this was not
spared. The English entered the desecrated aisle; an aged bleeding
monk was lying at the altar's foot, who scowled even in death upon the
soldiery; suddenly he recognised his countrymen; pleasure gleamed in
his sunken eyes, "Ye will avenge us! Deliver the land!--The hand of
God will lead ye on!"

Plantagenet rushed forward, "Father!" he cried, "do I find you here?"

The old man spoke, looked faintly; Edmund bent over him: "My father,
it is I, Edmund, your boy, your murde--"

"My son," said the Monk, "I behold you again, and die content! You are
in arms, but by the blessing of the saints your sword's point is
turned against the cruel invader. Not one, oh! not one Englishman will
fall by his brother's hand, for not one will fight for that base
deceit, the ill-nurtured Perkin, to whom God in his wrath has given
such show of right as brings the Scot upon us. Once I thought--but no
son of York would ally himself to these cruel border-robbers. God of
my country, oh curse, curse him and his cause!"

The dying man spoke with difficulty; a few moments more, a spasm
crossed his features, and they settled into stony insensibility.
Edmund threw himself on the body; a deathlike silence reigned in the
building; every heart beat with breathless horror; the curse uttered
by the murdered man was even then breathed before God, and accepted.
York spoke first with a calm, firm voice, "Arise, my cousin," he said;
"do not thou fix yet more deeply the barbed arrow, which has entered
my heart."

There are periods when remorse and horror conquer by their intensity
every lesser impulse, and reign kings of the waste; this was no time
for words or tears. Oh! welcome the grief or crime, which the
bitterest of these could express or extenuate; it would insult this
sad effigy of death to imagine that the impiety could be expiated. In
silence they bore the reverend corpse to the vaults of the church, and
then continued their way; some of the under-officers and men whispered
together, but when again the chiefs conversed, they did not allude to
this frightful scene, or to the awful imprecation which they felt
suspended over their heads, shadowing their souls with unknown horror.

This was but the opening scene to worse wretchedness: hitherto they
had seen the waste of war now they came upon its active atrocities. A
dense smoke, the flickering of pale flames marked the progress of
devastation; fierceness gleamed in the open blue eyes of Richard; he
bit his lips, and at a quicker pace went forward; screams and horrid
shrieks, mixed with shouts--oh! may not a veil be drawn over such
horrors--flying children, mothers who stayed to die, fathers who
unarmed rushed upon the weapons of the foe, fire and sword, animated
by man's fellest spirit, were there to destroy. Kindled to fury, York
and his chief friends had outspeeded their troops: they came to save;
they called on the fierce Scot to spare; and, when their words were
unheeded, they drew their swords to beat back their allies. A fresh
troop of Borderers, headed by Sir John Ramsay, at this moment poured
into the village. The grey eye of the Scot was lighted up to the
fiercest rage; but when he saw who and how few were they who had
assailed his men, a demoniac expression, half exultation and joy, half
deadly hate, animated him. Richard was driving before him a whole
troop of camp-followers, cowardly and cruel fellows. Balmayne's hand
was on his arm. "Your Highness forgets yourself," he said; "or is the
fable ended, and you turned friend of Tudor?"

York's blood was up; his cheek, his brow were flushed; the word
"assassin" burst from his lips, as he wheeled round and assailed his
midnight foe. Thus a natural war began; English and Scotchmen, bent on
mutual destruction, spurred on by every feeling of revenge,
abhorrence, and national rivalship, dealt cruel blows one on the
other. Richard's troops began to arrive in greater numbers; they far
out-told their adversaries. Lord Bothwell with his marauders were
obliged to retreat, and York was left in possession of his strange
conquest. The peasantry gathered round him; they did not recognise the
White Rose, they but blest him as their deliverer: yet the sufferers
were many, and the flames still raged. One woman with a wild shriek
for her children, threw herself into the very heart of her burning
cot; while, statue-like, amidst a little helpless brood, his wife at
his feet a corse, his dwelling in ashes, a stout yeoman stood; tears
unheeded flowing down his weather-beaten cheeks. During the whole day
Richard had striven against his own emotions, trying to dispel by
pride, and indignation, and enforced fortitude, the softness that
invaded his heart and rose, to his eyes, blinding them; but the sight
of these miserable beings, victims of his right, grew into a tragedy
too sad to endure. One young mother laid her infant offspring at his
feet, crying, "Bless thee; thou hast saved her!" and then sunk in
insensibility before him; her stained dress and pallid cheeks speaking
too plainly of wounds and death. Richard burst into tears, "Oh, my
stony and hard-frozen heart!" he cried, "which breakest not to see the
loss and slaughter of so many of thy natural-born subjects and

He spoke--he looked: Plantagenet was there, grief and horror seated in
his dark, expressive eyes; Neville, who had lost his lofty pride; it
was shame and self-abhorrence that painted their cheeks with blushes
or unusual pallor. "We must hasten, my Lord," said Barry, "after those
evil-doers: they but quit one carcase, to pounce upon another."

"Do we fight the King of England's battles?" cried the Burgundian
Lalayne, in unfeigned astonishment: "this will be strange intelligence
for James of Scotland."

"So strange, Sir Roderick," said Richard, "that we will be the bearers
of it ourselves. Give orders for the retreat, gentlemen. His Majesty
is engaged in the siege of Norham Castle. We will present us before
him, and demand mercy for our unhappy subjects."


Why didst thou promise such a beauteous day.
  And make me travel forth without my cloak.
To let base clouds o'ertake me on the way.
  Hiding thy bravery in their rotten smoke?

It was York's characteristic to be sanguine beyond all men. Pain
impressed him more deeply and sorely, than could be imagined by the
cold of spirit; but show him the remedy, teach him the path to
redress, and he threw off the clogging weight of care, and rose free
and bright as in earliest youth. His impatience to behold his royal
friend, to speak the little word, which he felt assured would recall
the Scots from their ravages, and take from him the guilt of his
subjects' blood, grew like a torrent in the spring:--he outspeeded his
main troop; he left all but his chiefest friends behind; one by one
even these grew fewer; he mounted a fresh horse, it was the third that
day--"May-Flower is worse than blown," said Neville; "will not your
Highness repose till to-morrow?"

"Repose!"--this echo was his only answer, and already he was far and
alone upon his way.

The Scottish lines were passed, and the embattled walls of Norham,
grey and impenetrable as rock, were before him; the royal pavilion
occupied the centre of the camp. The wearied steed that bore York
dropt on one knee as he reined him up before it, flushed, with every
mark of travel and haste--he threw himself from his saddle, and
entered the tent: it was thronged; he saw not one face, save that of
the Monarch himself, who was conversing with a churchman, whose dark,
foreign countenance Richard had seen before; now it was like a vision
before him. James, in an accent of surprise, cried, "My Lord, this is
an unexpected visit."

"Excuse ceremony, my dear cousin," said York; "I come not to speak to
the Majesty of Scotland: man to man--a friend to his dearest friend--I
have a suit to urge."

James, who was aware that his actual occupation of listening and even
acceding to the suggestions of his foreign visitant, in favour of
peace with Henry, was treason to York's cause, thought that news of
Don Pedro D'Ayala's arrival was the secret of these words: he blushed
as he replied, "As friend to friend, we will hear anon--to-morrow."

"There is no anon to my dear plea," said York; "even now the hellish
work is about which you must check. Oh, what am I, King of Scotland,
that I am to be made the curse and scourge of my own people? The name
of Richard is the bye-word of hate and terror, there, where I seek for
blessings and filial love. You know not the mischief your fierce
Borderers achieve--it is not yet too late; recall your men; bid them
spare my people; let not the blood of my subjects plead against my
right; rather would I pine in exile for ever, than occasion the
slaughter and misery of my countrymen, my children."

Richard spoke impetuously; his eyes filled with tears, his accents
were fraught with passionate entreaty, and yet with a firm persuasion
that he spoke not in vain: but his address had the very worst effect.
James believed that, hearing that he was in treaty with his foe, he
had come to re-urge his suit, to enforce the many promises given, to
demand a continuation of the war. James, a Scotchman, bred in civil
strife among fierce Highlanders and ruthless Borderers, saw something
contemptible in this pity and supplication for cottagers and villains:
the shame he had felt, or feared to feel, at the idea of being accused
of treachery by his guest, was lightened; his lips were curled even to
scorn, as in a cold tone he replied, "Sir, methinketh you take much
pains, and very much strive to preserve the realm of another prince,
which, I do believe, never will be yours."

A momentary surprise set open wide York's eyes; he glanced round him;
the Earl of Huntley's brow was clouded; a smile curled Lord Buchan's
lips; the emotion that had convulsed the Prince's features, gave place
to the calmest dignity. "If not mine," he said, "let me yield the sway
to the lady Peace: the name and presence of a Plantagenet shall no
longer sanction the devastation of his country. I would rather be a
cotter on your wild Highlands, than buy the sovereignty of my fair
England by the blood of her inhabitants."

The warm, though capricious heart of James was quickly recalled by the
look and voice of his once dearest friend, to a sense of the
ungraciousness of his proceeding: he frankly stretched out his hand;
"I was wrong, cousin, forgive me, we will confer anon. Even now,
orders have been issued to recal the troops; a few words will explain
every thing."

York bent his head in acquiescence. The King dismissed his nobles, and
committed to the care of one among them the reverend D'Ayala. With a
strong sentiment of selfdefence, which was self-accusation--a half
return of his ancient affection, which acted like remorse--James set
himself to explain his proceedings. Fearful, unaided by any of the
natives, of proceeding with an inadequate force further into the heart
of the country, he had set down before the Castle of Norham, which was
defended undauntedly by the Bishop of Durham. He had wasted much time
here; and now the Cornish insurgents being quelled, the Earl of Surrey
was marching northwards, at the head of forty thousand men. Surrey,
Howard, might he not be a masked friend? "who," continued James, "has
surely some personal enmity to your Highness; for the reverend Father
D'Ayala, an embassador from Spain, visited him on his journey
northward, and it seems the noble indulged in despiteful language;
saying, that he who could bring the fell Scot (I thank him) into
England, wore manifest signs of--I will not say--I remember not his
words; they are of no import. The sum is, my dear Lord, I cannot meet
the English army in the open field; walled town--even those paltry
towers--I cannot win: with what shame and haste I may, I must retreat
over the border."

Many more words James in the heat of repentant affection said to
soothe his English friend. York's blood boiled in his veins; his mind
was a chaos of scorn, mortification, and worse anger against himself.
The insult inflicted by James before his assembled lords, the bitter
speech of Surrey; he almost feared that he deserved the one, while he
disdained to resent the other; and both held him silent. As speedily
as he might, he took leave of the King: he saw signs in the encampment
of the return of the foragers; they were laden with booty: his heart
was sick; to ease his pent up burning spirit, when night brought
solitude, though not repose, he wrote thus to the Lady Katherine:--

"Wilt thou, dear lady of my heart, descend from thy lofty state, and
accept an errant knight, instead of a sceptered king, for thy mate?
Alas! sweet Kate, if thou wilt not, I may never see thee more: for not
thus, oh not thus, my God, will Richard win a kingdom! Poor England
bleeds: our over-zealous cousin has pierced her with dismal wounds;
and thou wouldst in thy gentleness shed a thousand tears, hadst thou
beheld the misery that even now, grim and ghastly, floats before my
sight. What am I, that I should be the parent of evil merely? Oh, my
mother, my too kind friends, why did ye not conceal me from myself?
Teaching me lessons of humbleness, rearing me as a peasant, consigning
me to a cloister, my injuries would have died with me; and the good,
the brave, the innocent, who have perished for me, or through me, had
been spared!

"I fondly thought that mine was no vulgar ambition. I desired the good
of others; the raising up and prosperity of my country. I saw my
father's realm sold to an huckster--his subjects the victims of low-
souled avarice. What more apparent duty, than to redeem his crown from
Jew-hearted Tudor, and to set the bright jewels, pure and sparkling as
when they graced his brow, on the head of his only son? Even now I
think the day will come when I shall repair the losses of this sad
hour--is it the restless ambitious spirit of youth that whispers
future good, or true forebodings of the final triumph of the right?

"Now, O sweetest Kate, I forget disgrace, I forget remorse; I bury
every sorrow in thought of thee. Thy idea is as a windless haven to
some way-worn vessel--its nest in a vast oak tree to a tempest-baffled
bird--hope of Paradise to the Martyr who expires in pain. Wilt thou
receive me with thine own dear smile? My divine love, I am not worthy
of thee; yet thou art mine--Lackland Richard's single treasure. The
stars play strange gambols with us--I am richer than Tudor, and but
that thy husband must leave no questioned name, I would sign a bond
with Fate--let him take England, give me Katherine. But a Prince may
not palter with the holy seal God affixes to him--nor one espoused to
thee be less than King; fear not, therefore, that I waver though I


Yet, noble friends, his mixture with our blood.
Even with our own, shall no way interrupt
A general peace.

Pedro D'Ayala was embassador from Ferdinand and Isabella to the King
of England. There was something congenial in the craft and gravity of
this man with the cautious policy of Henry. When the latter complained
of the vexation occasioned him by the counterfeit Plantagenet and the
favour he met with in Scotland, D'Ayala offered to use his influence
and counsel to terminate these feuds. He found James out of humour
with York's ill success among the English, weary of a siege, where
impregnable stone walls were his only enemies, uneasy at the advance
of Surrey; pliable, therefore, to all his arguments. A week after
d'Ayala's arrival, the Scots had recrossed the Tweed, the King and his
nobles had returned to Edinburgh, and York to Katherine.

Richard's northern sun was set, and but for this fair star he had been
left darkling. When the English general in his turn crossed the Tweed,
and ravaged Scotland, he was looked on by its inhabitants as the cause
of their disasters; and, but that some loving friends were still true
to him, he had been deserted in the land which so lately was a temple
of refuge to him. The Earl of Huntley exerted himself to prevent his
falling into too deep disgrace in the eyes of Scotland, and was
present at the consultations of the exiles to urge some new attempt in
some other part of King Henry's dominions. York was anxious to wash
out the memory of his overthrow; so that this check, which seemed so
final to his hopes, but operated as an incentive to further exertions.
Yet whither should he go? the whole earth was closed upon him. The
territory of Burgundy, which had so long been his home, was forbidden.
France--Concressault, who was his attached friend, dissuaded him from
encountering a mortifying repulse there. Even his own Spain would
refuse to receive him, now that d'Ayala had shown himself his enemy;
but, no, he was not so far reduced to beg a refuge at the limits of
civilization; still he had his sword, his cause, his friends.

A stranger came, an unexpected visitant from over the sea to decide
his vacillating councils. The man was aged and silver-haired, smooth
in his manners, soft-voiced, yet with quick grey eyes and compressed
lips, indications of talent and resolution and subtlety. Frion saw him
first, and deceived by his almost fawning manners into an idea of his
insignificance, asked his purpose and name. The stranger with the
utmost gentleness refused to disclose his object to any but the
Prince; and Frion, with great show of insolence, refused to introduce
him to his presence. "Then without thy leave, Sir Knave," said the old
man calmly, "I must force my way."

Astley, the poor scrivener of Canterbury, was present. This honest,
simple-hearted fellow had shown so much worth, so much zeal, so much
humbleness with such fidelity, that he had become a favourite in
York's court, and principally with the Lady Katherine. Frion hated
him, for he was his opposite, but pretended to despise him, and to use
him as an underling. Astley meekly submitted, and at last gained a
kind of favour in the Frenchman's eyes by the deference and respect of
his manner. The stranger, with the readiness of one accustomed to
select agents for his will, addressed him, bidding him announce to his
Highness a gentleman from Ireland. "And be assured," he said, "the
Duke will ill-requite any tardiness on thy part."

An angry burst from Frion interrupted him. This man, rarely off his
guard, but roused now by recent mortifications, forgot himself in the
violence he displayed, which strangely contrasted with the soft
tranquillity of the stranger, and Astley's modest, but very determined
annunciation of his resolve to convey the message to the Prince.
Frion, from loud words, was about to proceed to acts, when Lord Barry
entered--Barry, who felt Scotland as a limbo of despair, who was for
ever urging Richard to visit Ireland, to whom the court life of the
English was something like a trim-fenced park to a newcaught lion.
Barry saw the stranger--his eyes lighted up, nay, danced with sudden
joy: with no gentle hand he thrust Frion away, and then bent his knee,
asking a blessing of the Prior of Kilmainham; and in the same breath
eagerly demanded what had brought the venerable man from Buttevant
across the dangerous seas.

Keating's presence gave new life to York's councils: he brought an
invitation from Maurice of Desmond to the Duke. The Earl had since
Richard's departure been occupied in training troops, and so
fortifying himself as to enable him to rise against Poynings, whose
regular government, and above all whose predilection for the Butlers,
caused him to be detested by the Geraldines. Hurried on by hatred and
revenge, Desmond resolved to do that which would be most dreaded and
abhorred of Henry--to assume the badge of the White Rose, and to set
up the pretensions of young Richard. The tidings were that York was a
loved and honoured guest in Edinburgh; and the impetuous Desmond
feared that he would hardly be induced to abandon King James's
powerful alliance, for the friendship of a wild Irish chieftain. The
very invitation must be committed to no mean or witless hands: the
difficulties appeared so great, that the measure was on the point of
being abandoned, when the Prior of Kilmainham, who in the extreme of
age awoke to fresh life at a prospect of regaining his lost
consequence, offered himself to undertake the arduous task. His views
went far beyond the Earl's: he hoped to make the King of Scotland an
active party in his plots, and to contrive a simultaneous invasion of
England from the north and from the west. Already his turbulent and
grasping spirit saw Irish and Scotch meeting midway in England, and
with conjoined forces dethroning Tudor, and dictating terms to his
successor. He came too late: he came to find a peace nearly concluded
between James and Henry; the White Rose fallen into disregard; and his
arrival looked upon as the best hope, the last refuge of his fallen

Richard on the instant accepted his invitation. To a generous heart
the feeling of enforced kindness succeeding to spontaneous affection,
is intolerable. The very generosity of his own disposition made him
recoil from exacting a reluctant boon from his sometime friend. To
live a pensioner among the turbulent, arrogant Scots, was not to be
thought of. The Earl of Huntley, in fond expectation of his daughter's
greatness, would have despised him had he remained inactive. Even
Katherine was solicitous to leave Scotland--she knew her countrymen;
and, ready as she was to give up every exalted aim, and to make her
husband's happiness in the retired quiet of private life, she knew
that insult and feud would attend his further tarrying among the

York had been for nearly a year the guest of King James; twelve
months, in all their long-drawn train of weeks and days, had paced
over the wide earth, marking it with change: each one had left its
trace in the soul of Richard. There is something frightful, to a
spirit partly tired of the world, to find that their life is to be
acquainted with no durable prosperity; that happiness is but a
modification of a train of events, which, like the fleeting birth of
flowers, varies the year with different hues. But York was still too
young to be aweary even of disappointment; he met the winter of his
fortunes with cheerful fortitude, so that a kind of shame visited
James, inspired by the respect his injured friend so well merited.

The capricious, but really noble heart of the Scottish King was at
this time put to a hard trial. One of the preliminaries of peace, most
insisted upon by Henry, was, that his rival should be given up to
him:--this was, at the word, refused. But even to dismiss him from his
kingdom, seemed so dastardly an act towards one allied to him by his
own choice, that the swelling heart of the cavalier could not yet tame
itself to the statesman's necessity. Some of his subjects, meanwhile,
were ready enough to cut the Gordian knot by which he was entangled.
Tudor had many emissaries in Edinburgh; and Lord Moray, Lord Buchan,
and the dark Bothwell, whose enmity had become fierce personal hate,
were still egged on by various letters and messages from England to
some deed of sanguinary violence.

Sir John Ramsay was sought out by Frion. That goodly diplomatist must
have entertained a high opinion of his mollifying eloquence, when he
dared encounter the hot temper of him he had dishonoured in the eyes
of the English Prince, and of his own countryman Hamilton. But Frion
knew that in offering revenge he bought pardon: he was of little mark
in Ramsay's eyes, while the man he had injured, and whom he
consequently detested beyond every other, survived to tell the grating
tale of the defeated villany of the assassin, and the godlike
magnanimity of him who pardoned.

Frion's own feelings, which had vacillated, were now fixed to betray
the Prince. He had wavered, because he had a kind of personal
affection for the noble adventurer. Somehow he managed to fancy him a
creature of his own: he had worked so long, and at one time so well
for him, that he had fostered the vain belief that his dearest hopes,
and best pretensions, would vanish like morning mist, if he blew
unkindly on them. It was not so: James had been his friend: Huntley
had given him his daughter without his interference; and the Irish
project, with Keating at its head, who treated Frion with galling
contempt, filled up the measure of his discontents. If anything else
had been needed, the Lady Katherine's favour to Astley, and some
offices of trust in which York himself had used him, sufficed to add
the last sting to malice. "If they will not let me make, they shall
rue the day when I shall mar; learn shall they, that Frion can clip an
eagle's wings even in its pride of flight."

It is common to say that there is honour among thieves and villains.
It is not honour; but an acknowledged loss of shame and conscience,
and a mutual trust in the instinctive hatred the bad must bear the
good, which strongly unites them. In spite of the Frenchman's former
treachery, Balmayne felt that he could now confide, that his guilt
would stretch far enough to encircle in its embrace the very act he
desired; and he again trusted, and used him as the chief agent of his

The Earl of Surrey was ravaging Scotland; and King James, with the
chivalrous spirit of the times, challenged him to single combat. The
Earl, in answer, refused to place his master's interests at the hazard
of his single prowess, though ready for any other cause to accept the
honour tendered him. The herald that brought this reply, Frion
reported to Richard to be charged with a letter to him. Its purpose
was to declare, that though, while aided and comforted by the enemies
of England, the Earl warred against him, yet the Howard remembered the
ancient attachments of his house; and that, if the White Rose, wholly
renouncing the Scotch, would trust to the honour of the representative
of a race of nobles, the army now in the field to his detriment should
be turned to an engine of advantage. "Time pressed," the letter
concluded by saying--"and if the Duke of York were willing to give his
sails to the favouring wind, let him repair with a small company to
Greenock, where he would find zealous and powerful friends."

At first this intimation filled the Prince with exultation and
delight. The time was at last come when he should lead the native
nobility of England to the field, and meet his enemy in worthy guise.
There was but one check; he could not join Surrey, while Surrey was in
arms against his once generous friend; so that, by a strange shifting
of events, he now became anxious for peace between Scotland and
England; eager that the seal should be set that destroyed the alliance
and amity which had so lately been the sole hope of his life. Neville
and Plantagenet entered into his views; and, while seemingly at the
bottom of Fortune's scale, a new spirit of gladness animated this
little knot of Englishmen.

For one thing young Richard was not prepared: the preliminaries of
peace he knew were arranged, and he was aware that its conclusion
would take the sword out of James's hand. They had rarely met lately;
and this, while it lessened the familiarity, rather added to the
apparent kindness of their interviews. There was in both these young
Princes a genuine warmth of heart, and brightness of spirit, that drew
them close whenever they did meet. James honoured the integrity and
the unconquered soul of the outcast monarch, while his own genius, his
vivacity, and polished courtesy, in spite of his caprice and late
falling off, spread a charm around that forced admiration and
affection even from him he injured. It was at this period, that,
notwithstanding their real disunion, Richard felt it as strange to
find his royal host confused in manner, and backward of speech. They
had been at a hunting party, where Lord Moray's haughty glance of
triumph, and the sneer that curled the Earl of Buchan's lip, would
have disclosed some victory gained by them, had York deigned to regard
their aspects. At length, after much hesitation, while riding apart
from his peers, James asked--"If there were any news from the Lady
Margaret of Burgundy?"

"Sir Roderick Lalayne returned to her a month ago," replied York, "and
with him went my dear and zealous Lady Brampton, to urge fresh succour
for one, to whom fortune has so long shown a wintry face, that
methinks spring must at last be nigh at hand, herald of bright,
blossoming summer."

"What promises then my lady Duchess?" said the King, eagerly.

"Alas! her promises are as blank as her power," replied Richard. "Even
when the old Dukes of Burgundy were as Emperors in Christendom, they
were but as provosts and city-magistrates in the free towns of
Flanders; and these towns resolve on peace with England."

"It is the cry of the world," said James with a sigh; "this Tudor is a
mighty man. Why, even I, a Scot, a warrior, and a king, am forced to
join the universal voice, and exclaim, 'Peace with England,' even
though my honour is the sacrifice."

"Your Majesty imparts no strange truth to me," said York. "I have long
known that this must be; but surely you speak in soreness of spirit,
when you speak of the sacrifice of honour. I thought the terms agreed
on were favourable to Scotland."

"King Henry demanded, in the first place, the delivery of your.
Highness into his hands." James blushed deeply as he said these words.

"Or he will come seize me," rejoined the Duke, with a laugh. "In good
hour. I will deliver myself, if he will walk through the bristling
lances, and set at naught the wide-mouthed cannon that will below in
his path."

"Have you then new hopes?" cried the King; "Oh! say but so; and half
my shame, and all my sorrow vanishes. Say that you have hope of speedy
good in some other country; for I have sworn, ere April wear into May,
Scotland shall be made poor by your Highness's absence."

A long pause followed these words. James felt as if he had given words
to his own concealed dishonour, and struck his iron-girdled side with
the bitter thought. "O! spirit of my father, this may not atone; but I
must pay also in shame and torturous self-contempt for my heavy
guilt." A sudden blow, a precipitous fall when unaware his feet had
reached the crumbling brink of a beetling precipice, would not have
made such commotion in Richard's heart, as the forced and frightful
conviction that the friend he had trusted heaped this insult on him.
For the first time in his life perhaps, pride conquered every other
feeling; for reproach had been more friendly, than the spirit that
impelled him, with a placid voice, and a glance of haughty
condescension, to reply:--"Now that your Majesty dismisses me, I find
it fittest season to thank you heartily for your many favours. That
you deny me to the suit of your new ally, and send me forth scaithless
from your kingdom, is the very least of these. Shall I forget that,
when, a wanderer and a stranger, I came hither, you were a brother to
me? That when an outcast from the world, Scotland became a home of
smiles, and its King my dearest friend? These are lesser favours; for
your love was of more value to me than your power, though you used it
for my benefit; and, when you gave me the Lady Katherine, I incurred
such a debt of gratitude, that it were uncancelled, though you cast
me, bound hand and foot, at Tudor's footstool. That I am bankrupt even
in thanks, is my worst misery; yet, if the eye of favour, which I
believe Fortune is now opening on me, brighten into noon-day
splendour, let James of Scotland ask, and, when England shall be added
to his now barren name, Richard will give, though it were himself."

"Gentle cousin," replied the King, "you gloss with horrid words a
bitter pill to both; for though the skaithe seem yours, mine is the
punishment. I lose what I can ill spare, a kinsman, and a friend."

"Never!" cried York; "Scotland bids a realmless monarch, a beggar
prince, depart: the King of Scotland, moved by strong state-necessity
is no longer the ally of the disinherited orphan of Edward the Fourth:
but James is Richard's friend; he will rejoice, when he sees him,
borne with the flowing tide, rise from lowness to the highest top at
which he aims. And now, dear my Lord, grant me one other boon. I am
about to depart, even of my own will; dismiss then every rankling
feeling; lay no more to your generous, wounded heart a need, which is
even more mine than yours; but let smiles and love attend your kinsman
to the end, unalloyed by a deeper regret, than that fate wills it, and
we must separate."




'I am your wife.
No human power can or shall divorce.
My faith from duty.

My fortune and my seeming destiny.
He made the bond, and broke it not with me.
No human tie is snapped betwixt us two.

Frion believed that he held the strings, which commanded the movements
of all the puppets about him. The intrigues of party, the habitual use
of ill-means to what those around him deemed a good end, had so
accustomed him to lying and forgery, that his conscience was quite
seared to the iniquity of these acts; truth to him was an accident, to
be welcomed or not according as it was or was not advantageous to his

King James prepared a fleet for the conveyance of the Prince; and the
Earl of Huntley, as a matter of course, promised to entertain his
daughter royally, until, in a palace in Westminster, she should find
her destined title and fit abode. The Lady Katherine thanked him, but
declared that she was nothing moved from her bridal vow, and that she
never would desert Richard's side. All that her father urged was of no
avail. State and dignity, or their contraries, humiliation and
disgrace, could only touch her through her husband; he was her exalter
or debaser, even as he rose or fell; it was too late now to repine at
degradation, which it ill-beseemed the daughter of a Gordon to
encounter; it was incurred when she plighted her faith at the altar;
wherever she was, it must be hers. As a princess she was lost or
redeemed by her husband's fortunes. As a woman, her glory and all her
honour must consist in never deviating from the strait line of duty,
which forbade her absence from his side.

The Earl disdained to reason with a fond doating girl, as he called
the constant-minded lady, but applied to the King, representing how it
would redound to his discredit, should a princess of his blood wander
a vagrant beggar over sea and land. James had passed his royal word to
Katherine, that she should have her will on this point; and when, at
her father's suit he tried to dissuade her, he was at once silenced by
her simple earnest words; "Ask me not," she said, "to place myself on
the list of unworthy women: for your own honour's sake, royal cousin,
permit your kinswoman to perform a wife's part unopposed. You and my
father bestowed me, a dutiful subject, an obedient daughter, according
to your will; you transferred my duty and obedience, and truly as I
paid it to you, so will I keep it for my lord."

"What can we reply, my good Earl Marshall," said James, turning to
Huntley, "I rebelled against the religion through which I reign, did I
deny our sweet Kate free allowance to follow the dictates of her
generous heart. Nor let us grudge the White Rose this one fair bloom.
Love, such as Katherine feels, love, and the dearest, best gift of
God--alas! too oft denied to poor humanity, and most to me--self-
complacency, arising from a good conscience, will repay her every

Huntley retired in high indignation; his will was opposed; his word,
which he deemed a law, had but a feather's weight. The blood of the
Gordon was stirred to rage; and he broke forth in fierce and cruel
expressions of anger, calling his daughter, ingrate--her lord base,
and a traitor. Such muttered curses were reported to Lord Buchan: in
the scheme on foot they had somewhat dreaded to incur Huntley's
displeasure and revenge; knowing how dearly he prized the hope of
royalty for his daughter; but now they fancied that they might draw
him in, ere he was aware, to approve their deed. The crafty Frion was
set on to sound him; the iron was hot, most easily, to their eyes, it
took the desired form.

Huntley was a Scot, cunning even when angry--cautious when most
passionate. The first intimations of the conspiracy were greedily
received by him. He learnt the falsehood of the letter pretending to
come from the Earl of Surrey; and the use that was to be made of this
decoy to seize on the Duke of York's person. He did not scruple to
promise his assistance; he reiterated his angry imprecations against
his unworthy son-in-law; he thanked Frion with cordial warmth for
affording him this opportunity for revenge; he declared his gratitude
towards the confederate nobles; and the Frenchman left him, with the
full belief that he was ready to lend his best aid to deliver over the
English Prince to ignominy and death.

Such was the end of King Henry's last scheme to obtain possession of
his too noble, too excelling rival, by means of Scottish fraud, and
the treason of York's dependents. The Earl of Huntley conducted the
whole affair with the utmost secresy. Apparently he acted the part
designed for him by the conspirators. He reconciled himself to the
prince; he urged an instant compliance with Surrey's invitation. The
English had asked for some guarantee of Surrey's truth. Huntley
obviated this difficulty. Through his intervention a new and sufficing
impulse was given. Richard appointed the day when he should repair to
Greenock, there to meet the envoy who was to lead him to Lord Surrey's
presence. In the harbour of Greenock rode the bark which was to convey
him to his English prison. King Henry's hirelings were already there;
Frion conducted the victims blindfold into the net: they had meant to
have gathered together a troop of ruffian borderers to prevent all
resistance; but Huntley promised to be there himself with a band of
Highlanders. The whole thing only seemed too easy, too secure.

The wily secretary had overshot his mark in taking so readily for
granted Huntley's assent to the ruin of the Duke of York. He had come
upon him in his angry hour: his honied words were a dew of poison; his
adjurations for peace, oil to fire. Then, as the noble strode through
the hall, imprecating vengeance, he slid in words that made him stop
in full career. Men are apt to see their wishes mirrored in the object
before them; and, when the Earl bent his grey eyes upon the Provenal
and knit his time-furrowed brow in attention and interest, Frion saw
the satisfaction of a man on the brink of dear revenge. He was far a-
field. The very rage in which the Earl had indulged, by a natural
reaction, softened him towards his children: and, when the traitor
spoke of schemes ripe to deliver York into his adversary's hands, he
recoiled at once from the path of vengeance opened before him, and
listened with horror to the detail of a conspiracy which would tear
the very shadow of a diadem from his daughter's brow; yet he listened,
and his words still enticed the over wily Frion. "Balmayne," said the
Earl, "all must succeed, even to the death. Where he intermeddles, he
is ruthless;" thus ran his comments: "My good Lord Buchan, what the
Foul Fiend makes him so busy? English gold! Yes: Buchan loves the
gilding better than the strong iron that it hides. The honour of the
royal house, my most reverend uncle! Is his animosity so stirring? Oh!
priests are your only haters. So Richard's tale is told. The
chroniclers will speak of Duke Perkin, of the canker that ate out the
heart of Gordon's fair rose, the gibbet, instead of a throne, to which
she was wed; a fair eminence! My Kate will hardly ascend it with him:
she must halt at the gallows' foot." These words, said with
bitterness, seemed to Frion the boiling sarcasm of an exasperated
parent. The man's vanity was the trap in which he was caught: he could
not believe that a savage Scot, an untaught Highlander, could enter
the lists with one nurtured in the subtle atmosphere of Provence, with
the pupil of Louis the Eleventh; a man schooled in eastern lore, who
had passed a whole life of contrivance and deceit.

The Scottish nobles, Moray, Buchan, and Bothwell, were satisfied in
having given their countenance to the English hirelings; and, now that
the more powerful Huntley promised to watch over the execution of
their designs, they were glad enough to withdraw from the rude and
inhospitable act. Huntley had every thing in his own hands. He, with a
party of Highlanders, escorted the Duke and Duchess of York, with
their friends and attendants, to Greenock. Frion had never shown
himself so humble or so courteous; he seemed afraid that any one of
his victims should escape: he was particularly anxious to entice his
old enemy, the Prior of Kilmainham, into the snare. His readiness and
vivacity were remarked by all: it was attributed to the high hopes he
entertained of his royal master's success through the alliance of the
Earl of Surrey; and, while York expressed his affectionate
approbation, he smiled blandly, and painted every feature in the very
colouring he wished it to wear.

The vessel rode at anchor; the English sailors, on the arrival of
York, went on board, got her under weigh, and dropt down the coast.
With the dawn Lord Howard of Effingham, with a chosen troop, was,
according to the false hopes of Richard, to arrive at the rendezvous,
a wood about two miles south of the town, bordering the sands of the
sea. Here the English emissaries were congregated, and here a score of
Highlanders were in ambush, to assist in the capture of the White
Rose. Hither, even before dawn, the wakeful Frion came, to announce
the speedy arrival of his lord. He found his English friends in some
anxiety. Clifford, who, under the name of Wiatt, had been chief among
them, was seized with panic or remorse, and had gone on board the
vessel, which had cast anchor but a few furlongs from the shore. The
others were mean underlings: Frion's presence gave them courage; he
was elated; his laugh was free; he had neither doubt nor scruple; no,
not even when he turned from the vulgar, brutalized countenances of
these ruffians, to behold the princely victim in all the splendour of
innocence, with one beside him so lovely, that the spirit of good
itself had selected her form for its best earthly bower; or to see
Edmund, whose dark eyes beamed with unknown joy, and Neville, whose
haughty glance was exchanged for a glad smile. The man's sole thought
was exultation at his own cleverness and success, in having inveigled
so many of the noble and the brave to this dark fate.

"What tidings of Effingham?" asked York.

"Are ye ready?" cried Huntley.

"All!" replied Frion; "all save him ye name Wiatt. Sir Robert,
forsooth, is but half a man, and never does more than half deed,
though that half makes a whole crime. All is ready. I hear the sound
of oars; the boat nears the shore."

Through the tall, bare trunks of the trees, a glimpse of the beach
might be gained; the roaring of the surges was distinct, now mingled
with the cry of sailors.

"Then lose we no time," said Huntley. "My Lord of York, these words
sound strange. You expected a noble countryman, to lead you to
victory; you find nameless fellows, and the prince of knaves, most
ready and willing to lead you to everlasting prison. Lo, the scene
shifts again! Never be cast down, Master Frion; you are as subtle as
any of your race--only to be outwitted by a niggard Scotchman, who can
ill read, and worse write; except when villainy is blazoned in a man's
face, and his sword indites a traitor's fate. Your clerkship will find
none among us learned enough to afford you benefit of clergy."

Huntley drew his sword; and at the signal his Highlanders arose from
their ambush. Frion was seized and bound. None, who even a moment
before had seen the smooth-faced villain, could have recognised him;
he was pale as the snow on Ben Nevis. A Highlander, an adept in such
acts, dexterously threw a knotted rope over his head, and cast his eye
up to the trees for a convenient branch. Such had been the orders;
such the summary justice of the Earl.

Richard meanwhile looked on the blanched visage and quailing form of
his betrayer in mere compassion. "Is it even so, Etienne?" he said;
"and after long companionship we part thus."

The trembling craven fell on his knees, though he tightened the halter
by the movement, so that when Richard turned away, saying, "I had
thought better of thee: Jesu pardon thee as readily as I--farewell!"
he had scarce voice to cry for mercy.

"Aye," cried the Gordon; "such mercy as we grant the wolf and thievish
fox. Short shrift be thine, Master Secretary!"

"By our Lady's grace, stay!" said Katherine; "do not kill the false-
hearted knave. He is a coward, and dares survive his honour; let him

Richard looked sternly on the kneeling slave. To the good there is
something awful in the sight of a guilty man. It is a mystery to them
how the human heart can be so perverted. Is it a spirit from hell,
that incorporates itself with the pulsations of our mortal bosom; a
darkness that overshadows; a fiendly essence that mingles with the
breath God gave to his own image? York felt a shrinking horror. "Thou
hast pursued me since my youth," he said, "forcing thyself into my
councils; sometimes as a wily enemy; at others, befriending me in
seeming, raising my soul, that flagged beneath the world's unkind
ministry; dropping balm by thy words into a wounded heart; to end thy
office thus! Was this thy purpose ever; or what demon whispered thee
to betray? Die! oh, no! too many, the good, the great, the true, have
died for me; live thou a monument--a mark to tell the world that York
can pardon, York can despise--not so base a thing as thee--that were
little, but even thy employer. Go, tell my sister's husband that I
bear a charmed life; that love and valour are my guards. Bid him bribe
those, nor waste his ill-got crowns on such as thee. Unbind him, sirs;
make signal to the boat; let him on board; the winds stand fair for

The fall of many a hope, roused by the forgery on Surrey's name, was
forgotten by Richard, as he sickened at this other mark of man's
wickedness and folly. He was surely the dear sport of fortune, a tale
to chronicle how faithless friends may be. If such thoughts, like
summer clouds, darkened his mind, they vanished, driven by the winds
of life that bore him onward. This was no time for mere gloomy
meditation. Though he was obliged to return to his forgotten Irish
scheme, and to dismiss the glorious anticipation in which he had
indulged, of leading the chivalry of England to the field; though no
real defeat had ever visited him so keenly as this mockery of one; yet
he was forced to forget himself, and to apply himself to console and
rouse his downcast friends; but his skill was well repaid, and soon he
again awoke to those feelings of buoyant hope, unwearied energy, and
unshaken confidence which were the essence of his character.

In this last trial he felt how much good he might derive from the
sweetness and constant spirit of the Lady Katherine. She hoped for
none of the world's blessings, except they came in the shape of loves
from him to whom she was united; happiness--all her's as centered in
her blameless affections; and her confidence was placed in the belief
and knowledge, that by devoting herself to her lord, to the wandering
outcast who so dearly needed her sacrifice, she fulfilled her destiny
upon earth, and pleased the "great Task Master," who for happiness or
misery, but certainly for good, had given her life. All her gentle
eloquence was spent in dissuading Richard from those unkind thoughts
towards his species, which the treason of these base men, the caprice
of James, the harsh sentence (for this was again brought home to him
by disappointment) of Surrey, awakened in his bosom. It proved no hard
task; soon the princely Adventurer, with eagle flight, soared from the
sad prostration of spirit, the birth of his disasters, to fresh hopes
and lofty resolves.

It was necessary immediately to prepare for his departure. The Earl of
Huntley, struck by his magnanimity, no longer opposed his daughter's
wish. The English exiles were eager for a new, and, they believed (for
untired is Hope in man); for a prosperous career. Scotland grew rude,
confined, and remote in their eyes. In Ireland were placed for them
the portals of the world, to be opened by their sowrds; the dancing
sea-waves invited them; the winds of heaven lent themselves to their
service. "My friends," said Richard, "dear and faithful partners of my
wayward fortunes, I would fondly believe that we are favoured of
heaven. We are few; but the evil and the treacherous are no longer
among us. And does old Time in all his outworn tales tell any truer,
than that the many, being disunited, and so false, have ever been
vanquished by the loving, bold, and heroic few? That a child may scan
with its fingers our bare arithmetic, will therefore be to us the
source of success, as assuredly it will be of glory. The English were
few when they mowed down thickly planted French at Cressy and
Poictiers. Which among us, armed as we are in the mail of valour, but
would encounter ten of Tudor's scant-paid mercenaries? For me! I do
believe that God is on my side, as surely as I know that justice and
faith are; and I fear no defeat."

It is thus that man, with fervent imagination, can endue the rough
stone with loveliness, forge the mis-shapen metal into a likeness of
all that wins our hearts by exceeding beauty, and breathe into a
dissonant trump soul-melting harmonies. The mind of man--that mystery,
which may lend arms against itself, teaching vain lessons of material
philosophy, but which, in the very act, shows its power to play with
all created things, adding the sweetness of its own essence to the
sweetest, taking its ugliness from the deformed. The creative faculty
of man's soul--which, animating Richard, made him see victory in
defeat, success and glory in the dark, the tortuous, the thorny path,
which it was his destiny to walk from the cradle to the tomb.

Oh, had I, weak and faint of speech, words to teach my fellow-
creatures the beauty and capabilities of man's mind; could I, or could
one more fortunate, breathe the magic word which would reveal to all
the power, which we all possess, to turn evil to good, foul to fair;
then vice and pain would desert the new-born world!

It is not thus: the wise have taught, the good suffered for us; we are
still the same; and still our own bitter experience and heart-breaking
regrets teach us to sympathize too feelingly with a tale like this;
which records the various fortunes of one who at his birth received
every gift which most we covet; whose strange story is replete with
every change of happiness and misery; with every contrast of glorious
and disgraceful; who was the noble object of godlike fidelity, and the
sad victim of demoniac treason; the mark of man's hate and woman's
love; spending thus a short eventful life. It is not spent; he yet
breathes: he is on the world of waters. What new scene unfolds itself?
Where are they who were false, where those who were true? They
congregate around him, and the car of life bears him on, attended by
many frightful, many lovely shapes, to his destined end. He has yet
much to suffer; and, human as he is, much to enjoy.


One moment these were heard and seen; another
Past, and the two who stood beneath that night.
Each only heard, or saw, or felt the other.

The hour had now arrived when Richard took leave of Scotland. The King
was humbled by the necessity he felt himself under, of sending forth
his friend and kinsman into the inhospitable world; and he felt deep
grief at parting with his lovely cousin. She grew pale, when for the
last time she saw the friend of her youth. But Katherine looked upon
life in a mode very different from the usual one: the luxuries and
dignities of the world never in her mind for a moment came in
competition with her affections and her duty; she saw the plain path
before her; whatever her father's or her royal cousin's idea had been
in giving her to the Duke of York, she knew that, being his, her
destiny upon earth was to share his fortunes, and soothe his sorrows.
This constant looking on, giving herself up to, and delighting in one
aim, one object, one occupation, elevated her far above the common
cares of existence. She left

--"All meaner things.

The low ambition and the pride of Kings;"

--to shroud herself in love; to take on herself the hallowed state of
one devoting herself to another's happiness. Cleopatra, basking in
sunny pomp, borne, the wonder of the world, in her gilded bark, amidst
all the aroma of the east, upon the gently rippling Cydnus, felt
neither the pride nor joy of Katherine, as, on the poor deck of their
dark weather-beaten skiff, she felt pillowed by the downy spirit of
love, fanned by its gentle breath.

The Duke of York was more depressed; he thought of how, since his
miserable childhood, he had been the sport of fortune and her scorn.
He thought of the false, the cold, the perished: a dark wall seemed to
rise around him; a murky vault to close over him: success, glory,
honour, the world's treasures, which he had been brought up to aspire
to as his dearest aim, his right, were unattainable; he was the
defeated, the outcast; there was a clog in his way for ever; a foul
taint upon his name. Thus seated on the deck, his arm coiled round a
rope, his head leaning on his arm, while the stars showered a dim
silvery radiance, and the sparkling sea mocked their lustre with
brighter fires; while the breeze, that swelled his sail, and drove him
merrily along, spent its cold breath on him; he, painting all natural
objects with the obscure colouring suggested by his then gloomy
spirit, distorting the very scenery of heaven and vast ocean into
symbols of his evil fate, gave himself up to the very luxury of woe,--
meanwhile the shadow of a lovely form fell on him, soft fingers
pressed the curls of his hair, and Katherine asked, "Are the nights of
Andalusia more glorious than this?"

At the voice of the charmer the dmon fled: sky and sea cast off the
dim veil his grief had woven, and creation was restored its native
beauty. Hitherto the halls of palaces, the gaiety of a court, the
council-chamber, had been the scenes in which the princely pair had
lived together; linked to an engrossing state of things, surrounded by
their partizans, they had been friends, nay lovers, according to the
love of the many. But solitary Nature is the true temple of Love,
where he is not an adjunct, but an essence; and now she alone was
around them, to fill them with sublime awe, and the softest
tenderness. In Richard's eyes, the kingdom of his inheritance dwindled
into a mere speck; the land of her nativity became but a name to
Katherine. It sufficed for their two full hearts that they were
together on the dark wide sea; the bright sky above, and calm upon the
bosom of the deep. They could ill discern each other in the shadowy
twilight; a dream-like veil was cast over their features, as sleep
curtains out the soul; so that we look on the beloved slumberer, and
say "He is there, though the mystery of repose wraps me from him;" so
now darkness blinded and divided them: but hand clasped hand; he felt
that one existed who was his own, his faithful; and she rejoiced in
the accomplishment of the mastersentiment of her soul, the desire of
self-devotion, self-annihilation, for one who loved her. The passion
that warmed their hearts had no fears, no tumult, no doubt. One to the
other they sufficed; and, but that the trance is fleeting, Happiness,
the lost child of the world, would have found here her home; for when
love, which is the necessity of affectionate hearts, and the sense of
duty, which is the mystery and the law of our souls, blend into one
feeling, Paradise has little to promise save immortality.

For many days this state of forgetful extacy lasted. Plantagenet and
Neville spoke of wars in England; Lord Barry and Keating of their
Irish schemes--the Prince listened and replied; but his soul was far
away--Oh, that for ever they might sail thus on the pathless,
shoreless sea!--Nothing mean or trivial or ignoble could visit them;
no hate, no care, no fear--this might not be, but to have felt, to
have lived thus for a few short days, suffices to separate mortal man
from the groveling part of his nature--no disgrace, no despair can so
bring him back to the low-minded world, as to destroy the sense of
having once so existed. And Richard, marked for misery and defeat,
acknowledged that power which sentiment possesses to exalt us--to
convince us that our minds, endowed with a soaring, restless
aspiration, can find no repose on earth except in love.


"Now for our Irish wars!"

Again the Duke of York approached the rocky entrance of the Cove of
Cork, again he passed through the narrow passage, which opening,
displayed a lovely sheet of tranquil water, decked with islands. The
arrival of his fleet in the harbour was hailed with joy. Old John
O'Water had returned to his civic labours, and had contrived to get
himself chosen mayor for this year, that he might be of greater
assistance to the White Rose in his enterprize.

As soon as the arrival of his ships off the coast was known, O'Water
dispatched messengers to the Earl of Desmond, and busied himself to
give splendour to Richard's entrance into Cork. Tapestry and gay-
coloured silks were hung from the windows; the street was strewn with
flowers--citizens and soldiers intermixed crowded to the landing-
place. York's heart palpitated with joy. It was not that thence he
much hoped for success to his adventure, which required more than the
enthusiasm of the remote inhabitants of the south of Ireland to
achieve it, but Cork was a sort of home to him; here he had found
safety when he landed, barely escaped from Trangmar's machinations--
here he first assumed his rightful name and title--here, a mere boy,
ardent, credulous, and bold--he had seen strangers adopt his badge and
avouch his cause. Five years had elapsed since then--the acclaim of a
few kind voices, the display of zeal, could no longer influence his
hopes as then they had done, but they gladdened his heart, and took
from it that painful feeling which we all too often experience--that
we are cast away on the inhospitable earth, useless and neglected.

He was glad also in the very first spot of his claimed dominions
whereon he set foot, to see the Lady Katherine received with the
honours due to her rank. Her beauty and affability won the hearts of
all around, and O'Water, with the tenderness that an old man is so apt
to feel towards a young and lovely woman, extended to her a paternal
affection, the simplicity and warmth of which touched her, thrown as
she was among strangers, with gratitude.

Lord Desmond arrived--he was struck by the improvement in York's
manner, still ingenuous and open-hearted: he was more dignified, more
confident in himself than before--the husband of Katherine also
acquired consideration; as an adventurous boy, he might be used
according to the commodity of the hour--now he had place--station in
the world, and Desmond paid him greater deference, almost unawares.

But the Earl was sorely disappointed; "Reverend Father," said he to
Keating, "what aid does Scotland promise? Will they draw Tudor with
his archers and harquebussiers, and well-horsed Knights, to the north,
giving our Irish Kern some chance of safe landing in the west?"

"Peace is concluded between Scotland and England," replied Keating.

Desmond looked moody. "How thrives the White Rose over the water? How
sped the Duke, when he entered England? Some aid somewhere we must
have, besides yonder knot of wanderers, and our own hungry, naked

"By my fay!" replied Keating, "every budding blossom on the Rose-bush
was nipped, as by a north-east wind. When Duke Richard sowed his hopes
there, like the dragon's teeth of Dan Cadmus, they turned into so many
armed men to attack him."

"Sooth, good Prior," said the Earl, with a sharp laugh, "we shall
speed well thereby: would you a re-acting of the gleeful mime at

"Wherefore," said Keating, "fix your thoughts on England? The dark sea
rolls between us, and even the giants of old broke their causeway,
which in the north 'tis said they built, ere it laid its long arm on
the English shore. The name of Ireland reads as fair as England; its
sons are as brave and politic, able to defend, to rule themselves:
blot England from the world, and Ireland stands free and glorious,
sufficing to herself. This springal, valorous though he be, can never
upset Tudor's throne in London; but he can do more for us by his very
impotence. He is the true Lord of Ireland: we are liegemen in
maintaining his right. Plant his banner, rally round it all men who
wish well to their country; drive out the good man Poynings; crush the
Butlers--aye, down with them; and when Richard is crowned King of
Erin, and the Geraldines rule under him, our native land will stand
singly, nor want England for a crutch--or, by'r Lady! for a spear to
enter her heart, while she leaneth on it; so the wars of York and
Lancaster may free us from the proud, imperious English; and the
Irish, like the Scotch, have a king and a state of their own."

Desmond's eyes flashed for a moment, as Keating thus presented before
them the picture he most desired to behold; but they grew cold again.
"The means, reverend Prior, the arms, the money, the soldiers?"

"A bold stroke brings all: strike one blow, and Ireland is at our
feet. We must not tarry; now the Butlers and their party are asleep in
their security; gather men together; march forward boldly; strike at
the highest, Dublin herself."

"Father," replied the Earl, "long before I were half way there, my
litter would be abandoned even by its bearers, and we left alone among
the bogs and mountains, to feed as we may, or die. If there be any
sooth in your scheme, it can only prove good, inasmuch as we secure
Connaught to ourselves, and turn this corner of the island into a
kingdom; but neither one word, nor one blow, will gain Dublin. You are
right so far, something must be done and speedily; and, if it be well
done, we may do more, till by the aid of the blessed St. Patrick and
white tooth'd Bridget! we tread upon the necks of the Butlers."

This one thing to be undertaken, after much consultation among the
chieftains, was the siege of Waterford: it had been summoned to
acknowledge Duke Richard as its lord, and had refused: Keating was
very averse to spending time before a fortified town. "On, on, boutez
en avant!" He reminded Lord Barry of his device, and strove to awaken
ambition in him. The Prior of Kilmainham had spent all his life in
Dublin, a chief member of the government, a seditious, factious but
influential man: the capital to him was all that was worth having,
while, to these lords of Munster, the smallest victory over their
particular rivals, or the gaining a chief city in a district, which
was their world, appeared more glorious than entering London itself
victoriously, if meanwhile Waterford, or any one of the many towns of
Ireland, held out against them.

On the fifteenth of July, 1497, the Duke of York, the Earl of Desmond,
and the other many chief of many names, some Geraldines, all allied
to, or subject to them, as the O'Briens, the Roches, the Macarthys,
the Barrys, and others, assembled at Youghall, a town subject to the
Earl of Desmond, and situated about mid-way between Cork and
Waterford, at the mouth of the river Blackwater.

On the twenty-second of July the army was in movement, and entered the
county of Waterford; the chiefs, at the head of their respective
followers, proceeded to the shrine of St. Declan at Ardmore, to make
their vows for the success of their expedition. The church at Ardmore,
the round tower, the shrine, and healing-rock, were all objects of
peculiar sanctity. The Countess of Desmond, and her young son, and the
fair Duchess of York, accompanied this procession from Youghall. After
the celebration of mass, the illustrious throng congregated on the
rocky eminence, on which the mysterious tower is built overlooking the
little bay, where the calm waters broke gently on the pebbly beach. It
was a beauteous summer day; the noon-day heat was tempered by the sea
breeze, and relieved by the regular plash of the billows, as they
spent themselves on the shore. A kind of silence--such silence as
there can be among a multitude, such a silence as is preserved when
the winds sing among the pines--possessed the crowd: they stood in
security, in peace, surrounded by such objects as excited piety and
awe; and yet the hopes of the warrior, and, if such a word may be
used, a warrior's fears, possessed them; it was such a pause as the
mountain-goat makes ere he commits himself to the precipice. A moment
afterwards all was in motion; to the sound of warlike instruments the
troops wound up the Ardmore mountains, looking down on the little
fleet, that stemmed its slow way towards the harbour of Waterford. The
ladies were left alone with few attendants. The young Duchess gazed on
that band of departing warriors, whose sole standard was the spotless
rose; they were soon lost in the foldings of the hills; again they
emerged; her straining eye caught them. That little speck upon the
mountain-side contained the sole hope and joy of her life, exposed to
danger for the sake of little good; for Katharine, accustomed to the
sight of armies, and to the companionship of chiefs and rulers,
detected at once the small chance there was, that these men could
bring to terms a strongly fortified city; but resignation supplied the
place of hope; she believed that Richard would be spared; and, but for
his own sake, she cared little whether a remote home in Ireland, or a
palace in England received them. She looked again on the mountain
path; no smallest moving object gave sign of life; the sun-light slept
upon the heathy uplands; the grey rocks stood in shadowy grandeur;
Katharine sighed and turned again to the chapel, to offer still more
fervent prayers, that on this beauteous earth, beneath this bright
genial heaven, she might not be left desolate: whatever else her
fortune, that Richard might be hers.

The army which the Earl of Desmond led against Waterford, did not
consist of more than two thousand men. With these he invested the
western division of the city. Richard, with his peculiar troop, took
his position at the extremity of this line, nearest Passage, close to
Lumbard's Marsh, there to protect the disembarkment of troops from the

Neither party failed in zeal or activity. The first days were actively
employed in erecting works and bringing the cannon to play upon the
town. On the third, in the very midst of their labours, while the Earl
in his litter was carried close under the walls among the pioneers,
and Lord Barry in his eagerness seized a spade and began to work,
signals of attack were made from the town, and the troops poured out
from the nearest gate. The advanced guard were too few to contend with
them; they were driven back on the entrenchments. The citizens were
full of fury and indignation; they rushed forward with loud cries, and
created a confusion, which Desmond and Lord Barry were not slow to
encounter; they brought a few regular troops to stand the assault; a
well pointed cannon from the town swept the thin lines; they fell
back; a yell of victory was raised by the men of Waterford; it reached
the out-post of Duke Richard: he, with a score of men, five among
them, with himself, being cavaliers armed at all points, were viewing
a portion of the walls that seemed most open to assault; the roar of
cannon and the clash of arms called him to more perilous occupation;
he galloped towards the scene of action; and, while still the
faltering men of Desmond were ashamed to fly, yet dared not stand, he,
with his little troop, attacked the enemy on their flank. The white
steed, the nodding plume, the flashing sword of York were foremost in
the fray; Neville and Plantagenet were close behind; these knights in
their iron armour seemed to the half-disciplined Irish like
invulnerable statues, machines to offend, impregnable to offence;
twenty such might have turned the fortunes of a more desperate day:
their antagonists fell back. The knight of Kerry led on at this moment
a reinforcement of Geraldines, and a cannon, which hitherto had been
rebel to the cannoneer's art, opened its fiery mouth with such loud
injurious speech, that for many moments the dread line it traced
remained a blank. Richard saw the post of advantage, and endeavoured
to throw himself between the enemy and the city: he did not succeed;
but, on the contrary, was nearly cut off himself by a reinforcement of
townsmen, sent to secure the retreat of their fellows. Those who saw
him fight that day spoke of him as a wonder: the heart that had
animated him in Andalusia was awake; as there he smote to death the
turbaned Moor; so now he dealt mortal blows on all around, fearless of
the pressing throng and still encreasing numbers. While thus hurried
away by martial enthusiasm, the sound of a distant trumpet caught his
ear, and the echo of fire arms followed; it came from the east--his
own post was attacked: now, when he wished to retreat, he first
discerned how alone and how surrounded he was; yet, looking on his
foes he saw, but for their numbers, how despicable they were; to a
knight, what was this throng of half-armed burghers and naked kerns,
who pell mell aimed at him, every blow ineffectual? But again the loud
bellow of distant cannon called him, and he turned to retreat--a cloud
of missiles rattled against him; his shield was struck through; the
bullets rebounded from his case of iron, while his sword felled an
enemy at every stroke; and now, breaking through the opposing rank on
the other side, his friends joined him--the citizens recoiled. "Old
Reginald's tower," they averred, "would have bled sooner than these
Sir Tristans--they were charmed men, and lead and good arrow-heads
were softer than paper-pellets on their sides." The first movement of
panic was enough; before their leaders could rally them again to the
attack, the English knights were far, riding at full speed towards the
eastern gate.

Here Richard's presence was enough to restore victory to his
standard--flushed, panting, yet firm in his seat, his hand true and
dangerous in its blows, there was something superhuman in his strength
and courage, yet more fearful than his sharp sword. The excess of
chivalrous ardour, the burning desire to mingle in the thickest fight,
made danger happiness, and all the terrible shows of war entrancing
joys to York. When reproached for rashness by his cousin, his bright
eye was brighter for a tear, as he cried, "Cousin, I must have some
part of my inheritance: my kingdom I shall never gain--glory--a
deathless name--oh, must not these belong to him who possesses
Katherine? The proud Scots, who looked askance at my nuptials, shall
avow at least that she wedded no craven-hearted loon."

With the morrow came a new task. Their little fleet had made its way
up Waterford Harbour into the river Suir; and the troops destined to
join his were partly disembarked. To protect the landing, he and
Neville rode across the marsh to the strand. On their return a fresh
sight presented itself--the ponds of Kilbarry were filled, the
besieged having raised a mound of earth to stop the course of the
river which flows from Kilbarry into the Suir; and the road back to
their camp was completely cut off. There was no mode of getting round
save by the road to Tramore; yet to the active mind of Richard, it
seemed that even this disaster might be turned into a benefit. He
reimbarked the troops; he himself went on board the principal vessel;
he called to secret council the captains:--the conclusion was not
immediately divulged, but some adventure of peril was assuredly
planned among them.

The long summer day went slowly down; the hum of men from Waterford
reached the ships; the quay was thronged with soldiers; several
vessels were anchored in the advance, and manned with troops; but the
English fleet, their anchors cast, their sails furled, seemed
peacefully inclined. As night came on, the quay became a desert; the
ships were worked back to their former stations. It grew darker; the
city, with its old rough tower and spires, was mirrored indistinctly
in the twilight tide; the walls grew dim and gigantic; the sound of
fire-arms ceased; the last roll of the drum died away; the city slept,
fearless of its invaders. At this moment, the ebbing tide began to
flow. Assisted by the rising waters, Richard and Neville ran a small
boat under the cover of the opposite bank of the river, to observe
what defences the quay might possess. The lowtide at that hour was its
best defence; a watch-tower or two with their centinels, completed the
guard of a part of the town, whose defence on that side was neglected:
by midnight also the tide would have risen, but it was necessary to
wait for the following night; for first he must communicate with
Desmond, that a night attack in the opposite direction might
effectually leave the waterside deserted. The vessels meanwhile dropt
down below Little Island, at once to get out of shot of Reginald's
tower, which commands the harbour, and to remove from the citizens any
apprehensions they might entertain of attack. The winding of the river
concealed them entirely from the town.

The next day, a burning August day, declined into a dewy night;
imperceptibly during the dark the vessels were nearer the city; and,
while the warders of the city fancied that the troops on board the
fleet were finding a circuitous path over land to Desmond's camp, the
stars of night twinkled through the shrouds upon decks crowded with
men, arming themselves in busy silence. Suddenly it was reported to
Richard that a stranger caravel was among them; she was the only
vessel with set sails, and these were enlarged by night, till as she
neared, she seemed a giant, a living thing stalking between heaven and
the element beneath. A sudden shiver convulsed the Prince; to his eye
it was the likeness of that vessel which long ere this had traversed,
he hoped in safety, the western sea, stemming its mountainous waves
towards the beauteous Indian Isles. Had it been wrecked, and this the
spectre? It was the illusion of a moment; but it was necessary to
ascertain the nature and intentions of the stranger, who was now close
among them. York's vessel, at his command, got alongside of her; he
leapt upon the deck, and saw at once him whom the dim night had
concealed before, Hernan de Faro upon the deck.

A thousand emotions, wonder, fear, delight, rushed into the youth's
heart; while the Mariner, yet more weather-beaten, thin to emaciation,
but still erect, still breathing the same spirit of fortitude and
kindliness, grasped his hand, and blessed the Virgin for the meeting.
The questions, the anxiety of Richard, could not be uttered in this
hour of action; he only said, "You will join us, and we will be doubly
strong; or must you remain to guard your daughter?"

"I come from her--she is not with me--more of this anon."

Rapidly he asked and obtained information of the meditated attack; in
part he disapproved, and, with all the sagacity of a veteran in such
enterprizes, suggested alterations. Now every boat was lowered with
silent expedition, each received its freight of troops, and was rowed
with the tide up the Suir. One skiff contained York and the Moor. The
Prince, in the anticipation of the hazardous contest, looked serious;
while every feature of De Faro's face was bright, his animated, glad
smile, his flashing eyes--all spoke the exhilaration of one engaged
in his elected pleasure. Richard had never seen him thus before:
usually he appeared kind, almost deferential; yet, except when he
talked of the sea, heavy and silent, and speaking of that in a subdued
tone. He now stood the picture of a veteran hero, self-possessed and
calm, but for the joyousness that the very feeling of his sword's
weight, as his right hand grasped the hilt, imparted to his warlike

Had an angel, on poized wings of heavenly grain, hovered over the city
of Waterford, gazing on its star-pointing spires, the reflecting
waters of the Suir, the tranquil hills and woods that gathered round
the river, he would have believed such quiet inviolate, and blessed
the sleep that hushed the miserable passions of humanity to repose.
Anon there came the splash of waters, the shout of men, the sentinels'
startled cry, the sudden rush of the guard, the clash of swords, the
scream, the low groan, the protracted howl, and the fierce bark of the
watchdog joining in. The celestial angel has soared to heaven, scared;
and yet honour, magnanimity, devotion filled the hearts of those who
thus turned to hell a seeming paradise. Led by Richard and De Faro,
while a party was left behind to ensure retreat, another rushed
forward right through the town, to throw open the western gate, and
admit Desmond, before the terrified citizens had exchanged their
night-caps for helmets; in vain: already the market-place was filled
with soldiers ready for the encounter; guided by a native, they
endeavoured to find a way through the bye-streets; they lost
themselves; they got entangled in narrow allies; the awakened citizens
cast upon their heads tiles, blocks of wood, all they could lay hands
upon; to get back to the square was their only salvation; although the
storm and yell that rose behind, assured them that Desmond had
commenced the attack. With diminished numbers York regained the
market-place; here he was furiously attacked; the crowd still
increased, until the knot of assailants might have been crushed, it
seemed, by mere numbers; day, bright day, with its golden clouds and
swift pacing sun, dawned upon the scene. In one of those pauses which
sometimes occur in the most chaotic roar, a trumpet was heard,
sounding as it seemed Desmond's retreat from the walls. Richard felt
that he was deserted, that all hope was over; and to secure the
retreat of his men was a work of sufficient difficulty. Foot to foot
the young hero and the veteran mariner fought; one by the quickness of
his blows, the other by his tower-like strength, keeping back the
enemy; while retreating slowly, their faces to the foe, they called on
their men to make good their escape. They reached the quay--they saw
the wide river, their refuge; their vessels near at hand, the boats
hovering close, their safety was in sight, and yet hope of safety died
in their hearts, so many and so fierce were those who pressed on them.
Richard was wounded, weary, faint; De Faro alone--Reginald's old
tower, which, dark and scaithless, frowned on them, seemed his type.
They were at the water's edge, and the high tide kissed with its waves
the very footway of the quay: "Courage, my Lord, a few more blows and
we are safe:" the mariner spoke thus, for he saw Richard totter; and
his arm, raised feebly, fell again without a stroke. At that moment, a
flame, and then a bellowing roar, announced that the tardy cannoneer
had at last opened his battery on the fleet, from the tower. One
glance De Faro cast on his caravel; the bolt had struck and damaged
one of the vessels, but the Adalid escaped. "Courage, my Lord!" again
he shouted; and at that moment a blow was struck at Richard which
felled him; he lay stretched at De Faro's feet. Ere it could be
repeated, the head of the assailant was cleft by a Moorish scymitar.
With furious strength, De Faro then hurled his weapon among the
soldiers; the unexpected act made them recoil; he lifted up the
insensible form of Richard with the power of an elephant; he cast him
into the near waves, and leapt in after: raising him with one hand, he
cut the waters with the other, and swam thus towards his vessel,
pursued by a rain of missiles; one arrow glanced on Richard's unstrung
helmet, another fixed itself in the joint at the neck; but De Faro was
unhurt. He passed, swimming thus, the nearest vessels; the sailors
crowded to the sides, imploring him to enter: as if it had been
schoolboy's sport he refused, till he reached the Adalid, till his own
men raised Richard, revived now, but feeble, to her worn deck: and he,
on board her well-known planks, felt superior to every sovereign in
the world.


Farewell, Erin! farewell all
Who live to weep our fall!

On the height of the tower of Ardmore, the White Rose of young Richard
kept her vigils, and looked across the calm sea, and along the passes
of the mountains of Drum, in anxious expectation of the event of the
expedition. Sad forebodings oppressed her; the sentiment that mastered
every other, was that her lord should require her presence, her
assistance, while she was far. He had promised to send a post each
day; when these failed, her heart sank within her. The only change
that occurred, was when she saw the Adalid proceed slowly in the calm
towards Waterford.

One sunny morn she from her watch-tower perceived several straggling
groupes descending the mountains. She strained her eyes: no banners
waved; no martial music spoke of victory. That was secondary in her
eyes; it was for Richard's safety that she was solicitous; yet she
would not, did not fear; for there is an instinctive sense in human
nature which, in time of doubt, sallies forth from the ark of refuge,
and brings back tidings of peace or sorrow to the expectant on the
perilous flood; a prophetic spirit which, when it despairs--woe the
while!--the omen proves not false. The Lady Katherine watched
anxiously but not in despair. At length heavy footsteps ascended the
tower-stairs; and, to answer the beatings of her heart, Edmund
Plantagenet and the Mayor of Cork presented themselves; they eagerly
asked, "Is he not here?"

"Nay, he has not fled?" she replied, while for the first time she grew

"Weigh our words as mere air," said O'Water; "for we know nothing,
gentle dame, but that I must to Cork, to bar out the men of Waterford.
His Highness left us for the fleet; and the filling up of those cursed
ponds of Kilbarry--ill luck to them!--cut off his return. Last
night--Saint Patrick knows the deeds of the last night!--weary from
our labour the day before, we were all too carelessly asleep, when our
camp was assaulted. Earl Maurice had ridden to Lismore to hasten his
cousin, the Knight of the Valley. There was some report of an attack
upon the town from the ships. Havock was the cry that roused the
welkin from east to west. The sum I know not, save that we are
runaways--the siege of Waterford is raised."

"What skiff is that?" interrupted the Duchess. Round the point of
Minehead first peeped the bowsprit, then the prow; and last the
complete form of a vessel in full sail, yet scarcely touched by the
wind, weathered the promontory. "Haste we, my friends," she continued;
"the Duke may be on board; at least we shall have intelligence."

"I know that craft full well," said O'Water; "her captain is a
converted Moorish pagan."

"The White Rose waves from her mast-top," cried Katherine; "oh, he is

"Holy angels!" exclaimed Edmund; "it is the Adalid! I will on board on
the instant."

Already the Duchess was descending the steep narrow stairs; the
villagers of Ardmore, with many of the soldiers who had fled from
Waterford, were on the shingles, watching the caravel, now full in
sight, yet fearful to venture too near the shelving shore. "They are
bound for Cork," cried a man.

"Oh, not till I first speak to them," said Katherine; "the day is
fair; the sea calm; put off a boat. Ah, my cousin Edmund, take me with

Plantagenet had already got a boat from its moorings. O'Water was
beside the Princess to beseech vainly that she would be patient; and
poor Astley, who had been left in special attendance on her, waited
near with blanched cheeks. Accompanied by these dear or humble
friends, the White Rose was borne with the speed of ten oars towards
the Adalid. On the deck, half reclining on a rude bed, very pale, yet
with lively, wakeful eyes, lay the Prince of England. In a moment
Katherine was assisted on board. There was no death for Richard; she
was there, life of his life; so young, so beautiful, and true; the
celestial goodness that beamed in her eyes, and dimpled her cherub
countenance, was not like that of an inhabitant of this sad planet;
except that spirits of beauty and love ever and anon do animate the
frames of the earth-born; so that we behold in the aspects of our
fellow-beings glances and smiles bright as those of angels. De Faro
himself looked with admiration on the bending form of this lovely one,
till accosted by Edmund, whose first question was, "Don Hernan here--
where then is--"

"My beloved Monina you would ask for," said De Faro; "she, who to
please her vagrant father, would have crossed the wild Atlantic to
visit the savage Western Isles. Poor child, even at the threshold of
this adventure we were nearly wrecked. She is now in England; she sent
me here--to tell of rebellion against King Henry; to invite Duke
Richard to his kingdom."

Thus they were occupied on the sunny deck; the sea was calm, the keel
almost stationary in the water; they were bound for Cork; Plantagenet
and the Mayor gathered eagerly from De Faro the history of the combat.
They learned that it had been expected that Desmond would have
assaulted from land, while York invaded the city from the river; but
the fellow sent with Richard's missive had been taken, the city put on
her guard. Nothing but the desire of the citizens to do too much, and
his own desperate valour, had saved Richard; they resolved at once to
receive and destroy him, and to sally unawares on the Earl's camp:
they hoped to make prisoners of all the chiefs. They failed in this,
but succeeded in raising the siege of their city.

Towards evening a land-breeze sprung up, and two others of York's
vessels hove in sight, and passed them quickly; for the Adalid was
much disabled, and made slow way. Soon in pursuit appeared a ship and
two corvettes, which O'Water recognized as belonging to Waterford. The
corvettes proceeded on their way; but the larger vessel spied out the
Adalid, and, being now in advance of her, hove to, with the manifest
resolve of attacking her on her watery way towards Cork. De Faro, with
his keen eyes fixed on the enemy's movements, stood on the forecastle
in silence; while Plantagenet and O'Water eagerly demanded arms, and
exhorted the sailors to a most vain resistance. From the vessel of the
foe the Moorish mariner cast his eyes upwards; the wind was shifting
to the west. With a loud voice he shouted to his crew to man the
yards; then, seizing the rudder, gave the swift orders that made the
caravel go about. Sailing near the wind, her canvas had flapped
lazily, now it filled; the keel felt the impulse, and dashed merrily
along, bounding forward like a courser in the race; the ship, which
had furled its sails in expectation of the combat, was in an instant
left far behind; the other vessels from Waterford were still further
to the west, towards Cork.

All these manoeuvres were mysteries to the landsmen: they gladly
hailed the distance placed between them and a superior enemy; but as
with a freshening gale the Adalid still held her swift course towards
the east, and the land began to sink on the horizon, O'Water asked
with some eagerness whither they were bound.

"To safety," De Faro replied, laconically.

"An idle answer," said Edmund; "we must judge where our safety lies?"

"I have ever found best safety on the wide ocean sea," cried the
mariner, looking round proudly on his beloved element. "Your safeties
and your Lord's, are, methinks, English born; if this wind hold, on
the third morning we shall see the coast of Cornwall."

The mayor was aghast, exclaiming--"Cornwall! England! we are

De Faro looked on him with contempt:--"I do not command here," he
continued; "I obey the Prince of England; let him decide. Shall we
engage superior force; be boarded; taken by the enemy: or land, be
wrecked, perchance, upon this savage coast; alive with vengeful
kerns--defeated men among a victorious angry people? Or go where we
are called by your leader's cause, where thousands of men are up in
arms to receive you like brothers, to fight for you, with you; where
England, the long desired kingdom, makes you welcome to her green,
sunny shores? Ask ye your Prince this question; let his word be law."

This statement, upheld by York, brought conviction to the minds of
Plantagenet and O'Water. The latter was aware of the risk he ran from
the awakened vengeance of Henry, to pursue his having fostered
rebellion in the city of which he was magistrate; and a moment's
reflection showed him that there was no security for him, except in
flight from Ireland. Meanwhile the wind, increasing in its strength,
and right astern, carried them over the foaming waters. The early dawn
showed them far at sea: they had outrun or baffled their pursuers;
and, though, now and then, with anxious thought, they reflected on the
comrades left behind, on the poor equipage and diminished numbers with
which they were about to land in England, still there was something so
miraculous in their escape, so unforeseen in the destiny that cut them
off, and carried them, a remnant merely of the war, away from its
dangers, that they felt as if they were under the immediate direction
of a ruling Providence, and so resigned themselves; greedily drinking
in the while the highly coloured picture De Faro painted of the
Yorkist army which awaited them in Cornwall.

Again upon the sea--again impelled by winds and waves to new scenes--
new hopes, tost here and there by Fortune, it was Richard's fate to
see one frustrated expectation give place to another, which, in its
turn, faded and died. This constant succession of projects kept alive
within him that sanguine spirit which never could be vanquished.
Eagerly he passed from one idea to another, and almost welcomed the
last disaster, which appeared but to pioneer the way to future
success. During this voyage, weak as his wounds had made him, he
talked of England as his own--the dearer, because he must spend his
blood to win it. Circumstances had an exactly contrary effect upon
Katherine. The continual change of schemes convinced her of the
futility of all. She felt that, if the first appearance of the Duke of
York, acknowledged and upheld by various sovereigns and dear highborn
relatives, had not animated the party of the White Rose in his favour,
it was not now, after many defeats and humiliations on his side, and
after triumphs and arrogant assumptions on that of his enemy, that
brilliant success could be expected. This conviction must soon become
general among the Yorkists, Richard would learn the sad lesson, but
she was there to deprive it of its sting; to prove to him, that
tranquillity and Katherine were of more worth than struggles, even if
they proved successful, for vain power.

It was strange that a girl of royal birth, bred in a palace,
accustomed to a queen-like sovereignty over her father's numerous
vassals in the Highlands, should aim at restricting the ambitious York
to mere privacy; while Monina, the humble daughter of a Moorish
mariner, would have felt honour, reputation, all that is dear to man,
at stake, if her friend had dreamed of renouncing his claims to the
English crown. His cause was her life; his royalty the main spring of
all her actions and thoughts. She had sacrificed love to it--she
taught her woman's soul to rejoice in his marriage with another,
because his union with a princess was pledge to the world of his
truth. Perhaps, had the time ever come when he renounced his
struggles, she had felt with a pang that his lowly fortunes might not
incongruously be shared by her, and self had mingled in the religion
of her heart, which was virtuous devotion to him; but as it was, the
idea never presented itself. He must win, or die. Did he win, her
happiness would result from the contemplation of his glory; were he to
die, the young hero's grave would not be watered by her tears: she
believed that in that hour her life would cease.

The Lady Katherine saw a vain mask in all the common-place pomp of
palaces; she perceived that power failed most, when its end was good;
she saw that in accomplishing its purpose in the cottage, or in halls
of state, felicity resulted from the affections only. It was but being
an actor in different scenes, to be a potentate or a peasant; the
outward garb is not the livery of the mind: the refinement of taste,
which enables us to gather pleasure from simple objects; the warmth of
heart which necessitates the exercise of our affections, but which is
content when they are satisfied; these, to her mind, were the only,
but they were the complete ingredients of happiness; and it was rarer
to find, and more difficult to retain them, among false-hearted,
ambitious courtiers, and the luxury of palaces, than among simple-
minded peasantry, and a plain natural style of living. There was some
romance in this idea; Katherine felt that there was, and subdued
herself not to lay too much store by any change or guise of outward
circumstance. She taught herself to feel and know, that in the tumult
of camps and war, in the anxieties of her present vagrant life, on the
throne which she might possess, or in the prison she might share; by
devoting herself to the happiness of him to whom she was united, whose
heroism, goodness and love merited all her affection, she was
performing the part assigned to her on earth, and securing a portion
of happiness, far beyond the common lot of those whose colder harder
natures require something beyond sympathy to constitute their misnamed


From Ireland thus comes York to claim his right.
If I am not ashamed of my soldiers, I am a soused gurnet.

On the deck of the sea-worn Adalid, watching the renovated strength,
and attending on the still remaining weakness of her lord, the soft
heart of the Princess possessed to fulness all its desires; while
Monina, among the wild rude Cornish rebels, exerted herself, to
inspire zeal for his cause, and to increase the number of his
partisans, winning them by her thrilling eloquence, ruling them by her
beauty and enthusiasm. She had found the whole population ready to
second him; but fitting leaders, noble and influential men, were
absolutely wanting. She sent her father to urge Richard to this new
attempt, and when he should appear, attended, as she fondly hoped, by
a train of high-born Irish lords, of gallant Scotch cavaliers, and
devoted English warriors; he would be able to give a martial form to
the rout of Cornish insurgents, to discipline their wild, untamed
valour, to attract others by name and rank, and Tudor at last must
grow pale upon his throne. With eagerness she awaited the fleet that
was to bring the chosen band of heroes; when, after a long and calm
voyage, on the third of September, the Adalid ran into White Sand Bay,
on the western coast of Cornwall, and Plantagenet, at Richard's
command, disembarked and proceeded forthwith to Bodmin.

It was strange that the chief partizan of the White Rose should, on
his invasion of the island, find a Spanish girl the main source of
information--the chief mover of the rebellion by which he was to
profit. Yet Plantagenet almost forgot his mortal struggle for a
kingdom, in the anticipation of seeing Monina. Plantagenet, prouder,
more ambitious for his cousin, than Richard for himself--Plantagenet,
who had but one object, to be the guardian, supporter, defender of
York, now wandered in thought far back through many years to their
Spanish home; to his tenderness for the sweet child of Madeline; to
the development of the beauty and virtues of the lovely Moor. Thrown
apart by their several destinies, he had scarcely seen her since then;
and now, in place of the dark, laughing-eyed girl, he beheld a woman,
bright with intelligence and sensibility; whose brow wore somewhat the
sadtrace of suffering, whose cheek was a little sunk, but in whose
eyes there was a soul, in whose smile an enchantment not to be
resisted. She was all life, vivacity, and yet softness: all passion,
yet yielding and docile. Her purpose was steady, stubborn; but the
mode of its attainment, her conduct, she easily permitted to be
guided. Edmund scarcely recognized her, but she instantly knew him;
her elder brother, her kind but serious guardian, whom she had loved
with awe, as the wisest and best of men. Now he bore a dearer name, as
the unfailing friend of him she loved. To both their hearts this
meeting was an unexpected joy. Monina had thought too much of Richard,
to remember his cousin. He had half forgotten his own sensations; or,
at least, was quite unprepared for the power and effect of her
surpassing beauty.

After the first overflowing of affection, Monina eagerly detailed the
forces raised, and dwelt on the spirit and courage of the insurgents.
"They are poor fellows," she said, "but true; burning with zeal to
right themselves, and to avenge their losses at Blackheath. They are
gathered together by thousands. They want merely leaders, discipline,
arms, money, ammunition, and a few regular troops to show them the
way: these, of course, you bring."

"Alas! no," said Edmund, "we bring merely ourselves."

"Could Ireland, then, furnish no warlike stores?" continued the
zealous girl. "But this can be remedied, doubtless. Yourself, your
leader, Lord Desmond, Lord Barry, the gallant Neville; tell me who
else--who from Burgundy--what Irish, what Scottish knights?"

The last word was said with difficulty: it made a pause in her rapid
utterance; while Edmund, aghast, replied, "Indeed! none of all these,
or very few: in a word, we have fled from Waterford in the Adalid. His
Highness and myself are the sole English knights. The good old Mayor
of Cork must represent all Ireland, gentle and simple, to your eyes--
our fair Duchess, Scotland: her attendants will follow in due time,
but these are but needy servitors." Monina laughed. "We came to seek,
not bring aid," continued Plantagenet gravely.

"Do not be angry," replied Monina. "There is more bitterness and
sorrow in my laugh, than in, methinks, a widow's tears. My dear
friend, God send we are not utterly lost. Yet his Highness and
yourself may work wonders. Only report truly our state, that the Duke
be not too dissatisfied with our appearance. Tell him Lord Audley
headed a worse organized troop: tell him that Master Heron, the
mercer, has no silken soul--that Master Skelton, the taylor, disdains
a smaller needle than a cloth-yard shaft."

"And is it to head men like these we have been drawn from our Irish
friends?" cried Edmund; "better return. Alas! our path is besieged;
the very sea is subject to our enemy; in the wide world the King of
England has no refuge."

"That he is King of England," said Monina, "let not him, let none of
us forget. The very name is powerful: let him, on his native shores,
assume it. Surely, if their liege King stand singly in the land of his
forefathers, at his sacred name thousands will congregate. He has
dared too little, when he had power: at the worst, even now, let him
dare all, and triumph."

Her bold, impetuous language had its effect on Edmund: it echoed his
own master passion, which ever cried aloud, "He is a King! and, once
give himself that sacred name, submission and allegiance from his
subjects must follow." Buoyed up by these thoughts, his report on
board the Adalid was free from those humiliating details, which, even
if he had wished, he would have found no voice to communicate to his
royal cousin.

Monina's task of imparting to her friends the destitute condition in
which their sovereign arrived, was even easier, "He is come among tall
men," said the pompous Heron, "who can uphold him for the better king,
even to the satin of his doublet."

"And fight for him, even to the rending of our own," cried Skelton.

"And die for him, as he must too, when all's done," said Trereife. "A
soldier's death is better than a dastard's life."

"We will have out our men in goodly array," said Heron. "Master
Skelton, are the doublets cut from that piece of sad-coloured velvet,
last of my wares, slashed with white, as I directed?"

"Slash me no doublets but with a Spanish rapier," squeaked Skelton,
"Have I not cast away the shears? Yet, look you now, good lack! I lie.
Here in my pouch be a sharp pair, to clip Master Walter of Horneck's
ears--if by the help of the saints we can lay him as flat on the field
as his own grey suit was on my board when a shaping; by the same token
that he never paid for it."

"In good hour, Sir Taylor," said Monina: "but the talk now is, how
duly to receive his Grace, how induce him to accept your aid."

"Aye, by Saint Dunstan!" cried Trereife, "he has ruffled in France and
Burgundy, my masters, and will look on you as clowns and base-born
burghers; but no man has more to give than his life, and if he waste
that heartily, time was and time may be when villains trod on the
necks of knights, as the ghost of Charles of Burgundy could tell us.
Courage is the beginning aud end of a soldier's catechism."

Such were the chiefs Monina found desirous, and in their own conceit
capable, of placing England's diadem on Duke Richard's head. Heron,
the bankrupt mercer, who fancied himself the base-born offspring of
the late Earl of Devonshire, and whose first deed of arms would find
him Heron no more, but Sir John Courtney; Skelton, a luckless wight,
whose shears ever went astray, (the true cause why Walter of Hornbeck
paid not for his misshapen suit,) and who, therefore, believed himself
born for greater things; and Trereife, the younger prodigal son of a
rural franklin, who, cast off and disinherited, had served in the wars
in Flanders, gaining in that country no small reverence for the good
Duchess Margaret, and ready therefore to right her nephew; besides,
like a true hero, he abhorred this silken time of peace, and hoped to
gather spoil, if not laurels, in the meditated insurrection.

The noble passengers disembarked from the Adalid. "Welcome to England,
sweet Kate! welcome to the country of which thou art Queen," said
York; "and even if her reception be cold or rough, love her for my
sake, for she is my mother."

"A step-mother I will not call her, dear my Lord," replied the
Princess, "but the maternal embrace is strangely wanting on these
deserted sands: the narrow deck of yonder caravel were, methinks, a
kindlier home: may we go on and prosper; but, if we fail, my Lord will
pardon me, if I welcome the day when I embark again on board the
Adalid; to find, when the wide earth proves false, safety and
happiness on the free waves of ocean."


Skelton. 'Tis but going to sea and leaping ashore, cut ten or twelve
thousand unnecessary throats, fire seven or eight towns, take half a
dozen cities, get into the market-place, crown him Richard the Fourth,
and the business is finished.

Am I not king?
Awake, thou coward Majesty! thou sleepest.
Is not the King's name forty thousand names?

These doughty leaders drew out their followers in a plain just without
Bodmin. There were about two hundred men decently clad from the
remnants of the mercer's wares, tolerably well armed and disciplined
by Trereife; this troop obtained the distinction of being selected as
King Richard's body guard. Skelton was their captain, a rare
commander, whose real merit was that he felt happiest when stuck close
as a burr to Trereife; for at heart he was an errant coward, though a
loud braggart, and talked of slaying his thousands, while the very
wounding of his doublet had made him wince.

Heron was brave in his way; a true Cornishman, he could wrestle and
cast his antagonist with the strength of a lion; he loved better, it
is true, to trust to his arm than to his sword, which, in spite of his
strength, Trereife always made fly from his hand in their fencing
lessons: not the less did he consider himself a gallant knight, and
had cut up many a yard of crimson cramoisy to make a rich suit for
himself. He wore Monina's glove in his cap and large yellow roses at
his knees; he called himself generalissimo, and marshalled under him
full three thousand men, who in truth had

never set a squadron in the field

Nor the division of a battle knew

More than a spinster; but they were sturdy discontented spirits, who
valued life at its worth, which was even nothing to them, who had
laboured with all their hearts, till labour was of no avail, and who
then left the mine and the furrow to carry their loud complaints to
the foot of Henry's throne--they were better pleased with the prospect
of overthrowing it.

"Now, my masters, make yourselves heard," cried Heron, as he shuffled
down a little eminence on a short-legged Welch pony, the only steed he
found he could back in safety. "His Grace is within ear-shot, so you
be loud. Long life to King Richard!--down with the taxes--Saint
Michael and Cornwall for ever!"

The din was prolonged, ended, began, went on, as the Prince arrived at
the summit of the hill with his little train--Fair Katherine was at
his side. Plantagenet, O'Water, De Faro, with some dozen soldiers who
fled from Waterford; sure never invader came so ill equipped. On the
hill-top the illustrious wanderers paused. Richard hastily scanned the
rough-suited multitude--then, turning to Plantagenet, "Cousin," he
said, "You told me that the insurgent army would be drawn out for my
view; is it not strange that yonder rabble should hide it from us? As
far as my eye can reach, I see no martial discipline, no banners, no
lordly crest; fie on those drums! they have no touch of military
concord. What makes our army so slack of duty, Cousin?"

Though no fault of his, Edmund blushed deeply in very shame--the
approach of Heron, Skelton, Trereife, and three or four other
principal rebels, cut off his reply. It had been agreed that Skelton,
who had a gift of eloquence, should speak, and many words he used to
welcome his liege--"We will have every man with a Red Rose in his cap,
in a drag chain, please your Grace, and give a sound lesson to the
saucy burghers of Exeter withall. Not a knight shall live in the land,
but of your Majesty's dubbing. We have but to put to rout King Henry's
army, to hang the false loon for a traitor, and to set fire to London
and the Parliament. Such nobles as please to doff their silken cloaks,
and don miners' jackets, may work, the rest shall hang. Their mere
wardrobes, bless the day will find us and your Grace in cloth of gold,
embroidery, and other rich garniture to the end of our lives."

"We thank your zeal, my worthy master," said Richard, courteously, "if
our good troops do half your saying, King Henry must look to it."

"Are those men to be worse than their word?" cried Skelton. "There is
not one among us but has the arms of ten. We are of a race of giants,
please your Majesty, and could knock the walls of Exeter down with our
fists. Please you to enter Bodmin, whose very stones will cry for King
Richard louder than King Hal's cannon;--to-morrow, God willing, we are
for the wars."

The royal party passed on--the dark ferocity or sturdy obstinacy
painted on the faces of the ill-armed rout, struck Richard as he
passed--he became meditative, while Edmund, shamed and angry, his
cheeks burning, his eyes on the ground, listened in indignant silence
to Master Skelton, who fastened on him with such talk, that whether a
soldier spoke of killing doublets, or a tailor prattled of fashioning
a field of slaughter, was a riddle ill to be devised. At length they
passed the gates of Bodmin; and here was a louder cry of welcome from
the shrill voices of women, who held up their thin hands and half-
starved children, crying for vengeance on Tudor, blessing the sweet
faces of Richard and his lovely wife. York's eyes flashed again with
their wonted fires; his creative spirit had found materials here to
work some project, all poor and rude as they might seem.

They entered the town-hall; when, by some sudden revulsion in the tide
of the crowd, every Cornishman fell back, closed the doors, and left
the wanderers alone. Something was forgotten surely; for Heron had
paced pompously up to Richard, when suddenly he turned on his heel,
crying, "A word, my masters!" and all were gone. The Lady Katherine
had marked their backing and hurrying with becoming gravity; but, when
the door was fairly shut, she could restrain no longer a heart-felt
laugh. Richard joined in her mirth, while Plantagenet strode through
the hall angrily; muttering, "an army a rout of shirtless beggars; is
this England's reception for her King?"

"It were fine mumming," said Richard, "under a hedge with the green
sward for a stage."

"By our Lady, this passes patience!" reiterated Edmund, "where are the
gentlemen of England? Where the sons of those who fell for York? Are
we to oppose these half-naked knaves to the chivalry of Henry?"

"It would seem that such is expected," replied the Prince; "and,
verily, Cousin, we might do worse. I pray you, treat the honest rogues
well; better may come of it; keep we our secret, and have we not an

"My Lord!" cried Plantagenet, in wonder.

"Patience, dear friend," said York; "I have not been apprentice to
adversity so many long years, without becoming an adept in my calling.
I say, I have an army; bold, though poor--ragged truly, but exceeding
faithful. Methinks it were more glorious to put Tudor down with such
small means, than to meet him in equal terms, like a vulgar conqueror.
I do beseech you, Edmund, put a good face on it; speak to our Cornish
giants, as if they had souls of mettle, and bodies decked like Ponce
de Leon and his peers, when they welcomed Queen Isabel to the Spanish
camp. You remember the golden array of the knights, Cousin?"

Edmund was impatient of the Prince's gay humour; while Katherine,
seeing in his bright eyes heroism and lofty resolve, felt a dewy
moisture gather in her own: there is something at once awful and
affecting, when a man, the sport of fortune, meets her rudest blow
unshrinking, and turns her very spite into arms against herself. The
whole secret of Richard's present thoughts she could not divine, but
she saw that their scope was worthy of his birth, his aim; her
respect--her love augmented; and her gentle heart at that moment
renewed its vow to devote herself to him entirely and for ever.

In the same spirit, York answered the deputation that waited on him.
He commanded a proclamation to be made, in which he assumed the title
of Richard the Fourth. He announced his intention of immediately
penetrating England, and seizing on some walled town or city, before
Henry could be aware of his having landed. Nor did he confine his
energy to words: he examined the state of his men; their arms and
furniture; he provided for their better discipline, and animated his
cousin to take an active part in marshalling them to order. He went
among them, learned the causes of their dissatisfaction, promised them
better days, and so raised a glad spirit in them, that their hearts
overleaping both time and circumstance, paid him the honour and the
love he might have claimed, had he already led them through fertile
England, and planted his victorious standard on the Tower of London.
Trereife swore by his beard, he was a proper youth; the old soldier
awoke to the remembrance of harvests of spoil he had gathered in the
Netherlands, the stern encounters and the joys of success; he gazed on
the rough Cornish men, and wondered how they should withstand the
nobility of England: but, when Richard glanced hope and triumph from
his bright eyes, when he spoke of the omnipotence of resolved valour,
when he drew a picture of their ghastly poverty, and showed them how,
by standing firm merely, they might redeem themselves;--while the poor
fellows answered with a prolonged shout, or better still, grasped
their arms more fiercely, and trod the earth with free and decided
steps;--a thousand facilities seemed to be discovered; a thousand
resources for the war displayed, undreamt of before. Were these mere
words? or at his voice did soldiers rise from the clods, and victory
obey the sound?

Plantagenet, seeing his royal Cousin's resolve, strove to second it.
With a party of men he assaulted a near fortress, carried it, and
seized on a store of arms. This success looked like a mighty victory;
Richard exalted it as such; and the very fellows who handled awkwardly
their booty, fancied themselves heroes at the mere sight of it.

On the third day they were to proceed to Exeter, it being determined
that they should besiege this city. De Faro offered to sail to Cork to
invite the warlike chieftains of Munster to come over with their
power; and at least himself to bring back in the Adalid, Neville, and
the rest of the English exiles. While Edmund, who looked glad at the
thought, counselled that they should entrench themselves in this
corner of England, which was so entirely devoted to them, till these
forces were added to their number, and till by discipline, they should
have made regular troops of the rabble, by courtesy y'cleped an army.

"Wherefore, Cousin," asked Richard, "do you desire others to share in
our disasters?"

"My Lord!" cried Edmund, astounded.

"I have but one wish," continued the Prince, "that you and my good
O'Water were even now in Ireland; so that I might stand the brunt of
this war alone. You look amazed. Yet it were more amazing if I
expected to do battle against the Veres, the Howards, the Berkeleys,
the Courtneys, and ten thousand other names of high renown, backed by
their train of martial adherents, with ragged regiments like those we
are about to lead to the field;--even though the kerns of Ireland made
their number double, and the Geraldines, Barry and Neville added by
their nobleness dignity to our victor's conquest. Remember, Stoke, my
cousin Edmund; you may well remember it. Remember my honoured kinsman
the Earl of Lincoln and my lamented Lovel. Ah, that I did not now
peril your life, then spared!"

"Yet, if your Grace fight at all," said O'Water, bluntly; "methinks we
were not the worse for being better appointed for the fray. For
victims, even those poor honest varlets are too many."

"That one other life should be wasted for me," replied Richard
fervently, "is my saddest thought. I fear it must be so; some few
lives, each as dear to him that spends it, as is the life-blood to our
own hearts. I can say no more. I have a secret purpose, I confess, in
all I do. To accomplish it--and I do believe it to be a just one--I
must strike one blow; nor fail. Tudor is yet unprepared; Exeter vacant
of garrison; with stout hearts for the work, I trust to be able to
seize that city. There the wars of York shall end. So far I confide in
your discretions, that you may not deem me mad. More is the single
property of my own soul. Will you help me so far, dear friends--so far
hazard life--not to conquer a kingdom for Richard, but to redeem his

The warm-hearted, grey-headed Irish O'Water, with gushing eyes, swore
to adhere to him to the last.

Edmund replied, "I am but a bit of thee; deal with me as with thyself;
and I know thou wilt be no niggard in giving me away to danger."

De Faro cried, "I am a sailor, and know better how to face death on
the waves than victory on shore; but, Santiago! may our blessed Lady
herself look shy on me at the great day, if the Mariner of the Wreck
prove false to your Grace."

"Now then to our work," cried York, "to speak fair to my faithful
fellows and their braggart leaders. They at least shall be winners in
our game; for my hand is on my prize; a spirit has whispered success
to me; my hope and its consummation are married even at their birth."


Dost thou hear, lady?
If from the field I shall return once more
To kiss these lips, I will appear in blood;
I and my sword will earn our chronicle;
There is hope in it yet.

Richard was obliged to plead his cause yet once again. Katherine had
watched all his movements; she had eyed curiously the army he mustered
to the field; she talked to its leaders, and while they vaunted her
affability, she was diving with earnest mind, into the truth of
things. No fear that it could be hid from her; love for Richard was
the bright light that dispelled every deceptive shadow from the scene.
She saw the bare reality; some three thousand poor peasants and
mechanics, whose swords were more apt to cut themselves than strike
the enemy, were arrayed against the whole power and majesty of
England. On the morrow they were to set forward. That night, while at
the casement of his rude chamber, Richard gazed upon the congregated
stars, trying to decipher in their intricate bright tracery the sure
omen of the good he was told they charactered for him, Katherine,
after a moment's hesitation, with a quivering voice, and hand that
shook as it pressed his, knelt on a cushion at his feet, saying, "My
sweet Richard, hear me; hear your faithful friend--your true wife;
call not my councils weak and feminine, but weigh them sagely ere you
resolve. May I speak?"

"Lady of my heart, arise," said Richard; "speak my soft-voiced
Katherine--my White Rose of beauty--fair flower, crowning York's
withered tree. Has not God done all in giving you to me; yet we must
part, love, for awhile. Your soldier is for the wars, Kate, while you
sit in your bower, weaving victorious garlands for his return."

"My ever dear Lord," said Katherine, "I speak with fear, because I
feel that I shall not address myself to your concealed thought. I do
not wish to penetrate your secrets, and yet I tremble at their event.
You have not so far deceived yourself as to imagine, that with these
unfortunate men, you can ride over the pride and the power of this
island; did I see on what else you founded the lofty hope, that has,
since we came here, beamed in your eyes, I would resign myself to your
better wisdom. But, wherever I turn my view, there is a blank. You do
not dream of conquest, though you feel secure of victory. What can
this mean, save that you see glory in death?"

"You are too quick-sighted, sweet Kate," said Richard, "and see beyond
the mark. I do not set my cast upon falling in this fray; though it
may well happen that I should: but I have another aim."

"Without guessing at what that may be," replied the lady, "since you
seem desirous to withhold the knowledge, permit me to present another
object to your choice; decide between them, and I submit: but do not
carelessly turn from mine. There is all to lose, nought to win, in
what you now do. Death may blot the future page, so that we read
neither disgrace or prison in its sad lines; but wherefore risk to
die. While yet, dear love, we are young, life has a thousand charms,
and one may be the miserable survivor, whose heart now bleeds at the
mere surmise."

She faltered; he kissed her soft cheek, and pressed her to his heart.
"Why may we not--why should we not live?" continued Katherine; "what
is there in the name or state of king, that should so take captive our
thoughts, that we can imagine no life but on a throne? Believe me,
careful nights and thorny days are the portion of a monarch: he is
lifted to that awful height only to view more clearly destruction
beneath; around, fear, hate, disloyalty, all yelling at him. The cold,
heartless Tudor may well desire the prize, for he has nothing save the
gilt crown to ennoble him; nothing but the supple knees of courtiers
to present to him the show of love. But--ah! could I put fire into my
weak words--my heart's zeal into my supplicatory voice--persuasion
would attend upon me, and you would feel that to the young, to two
united as we are, our best kingdom is each other's hearts; our dearest
power that which each, without let or envy, exercises over the other.
Though our palace roof be the rafters of a lowly cot, our state, the
dear affection we bear each other, our attendants the duty and
observance of one to the other--I, so served by King Edward's son--
you, by the rightful queen of this fair island--were better waited on
than Henry and Elizabeth, by their less noble servitors. I almost
think that, with words like these, I might draw you from the uneasy
throne to the downy paradise of love; and can I not from this hard
struggle, while death yet guards the palace gate, and you will be
pierced through and through long ere you can enter."

"Thus, my gentle love," said Richard, "you would have me renounce my
birth and name; you desire that we become the scorn of the world, and
would be content that so dishonoured, the braggart impostor, and his
dame Katherine, should spend their shameful days in an ignominious
sloth, misnamed tranquillity. I am a king, lady, though no holy oil
nor jewelled crown has touched this head; and such I must prove

"Oh, doubt it not," she replied, "it is proved by your own speech and
your own nobleness; my heart approves you such; the whole earth, till
its latest day, will avouch that the lord of Katherine is no deceiver;
but my words avail not with you."

"They do avail, my best, my angel girl, to show me that the world's
treasure is mere dross compared with thee: one only thing I prize, not
as thy equal, but as that without which, I were a casket not even
worthy to encase this jewel of the earth--my honour! A word taught me
by my victim brother, by my noble cousin Lincoln, by the generous
Plantagenet; I learnt its meaning among a race of heroes--the
Christian cavaliers--the Moorish chivalry of Spain; dear is it to me,
since without it I would not partake your home of love--an home, more
glorious and more blessed than the throne of the universe. It is for
that I now fight, Katherine; not for a kingdom; which, as thy royal
Cousin truly said, never will be mine. If I fall, that Cousin, the
great, the munificent James, will be your refuge."

"Never," interrupted the lady, "Scotland I shall never see again;
never show myself, a queen and no queen, the mock of their rude
speech; never put myself into my dear, but ambitious father's hands,
to be bartered away to another than my Richard; rather with your aunt
of Burgundy, rather in Tudor's own court, with your fair sister. Holy
angels! of what do I speak? how frightfully distinct has the bereft
world spread itself out as my widowed abode!"

A gush of tears closed her speech. "Think of brighter days, my love,"
said Richard, "they will be ours. You spoke erewhile of the difficulty
of giving true imagery to the living thought; thus, I know not how to
shape an appropriate garb (to use a trope of my friend Skelton) for my
inmost thoughts. I feel sure of success. I feel, that in giving up
every prospect of acquiring my birth-right, I make the due oblation to
fortune, and that she will bestow the rest--that rest is to rescue my
name from the foul slur Henry has cast on it; to establish myself as
myself in the eyes of England; and then to solicit your patience in
our calamity--your truth and love as the only sceptre and globe this
hand will ever grasp. In my own Spain, among the orange and myrtle
groves, the flowery plains and sun-lit hills of Andalusia, we will
live unambitious, yet more fortunate than crowned emperors."

With such words and promises he soothed her fears; to the word honour
she had no reply. Yet it was a mere word here; in this case, a barren
word, on which her life and happiness were to be wrecked.

The Prince and Monina had met with undisguised delight. No Clifford
would now dare traduce her; she need not banish herself from countries
where his name enriched the speech of all men; nor even from that
which, invited by her, he had come to conquer. He was glad to be able
to extend his zealous fraternal protection over her, to feel that he
might guard her through life, despite of the fortune that divided
them. He obtained for her the Lady Katherine's regard, which she
sought opportunities to demonstrate, while they were avoided by
Monina, who honoured and loved her as Richard's wife and dearest
friend, yet made occasion to absent herself from both. Nothing
beautiful could be so unlike as these two fair ones. Katherine was the
incarnate image of loveliness, such as it might have been conceived by
an angelic nature; noble, soft, equable from her tender care not to
displease others; in spite of the ills of fate, gay, because self-
satisfied and resigned; the bright side of things was that which she
contemplated: the bright and the tranquil--although the hazards run by
him she loved, at this period informed her thoughts with terror.
Monina,--no, there was no evil in Monina; if too much self-devotion,
too passionate an attachment to one dear idea, too enthusiastic an
adoration of one exalted being, could be called aught but virtue. The
full orbs of her dark eyes, once flashing bright, were now more
serious, more melancholy; her very smile would make you weep; her
vivacity, all concentred in one object, forgot to spend itself on
trifles; yet, while the Princess wept that Richard should encounter
fruitless danger for a mistaken aim, gladness sat on Monina's brow:
"He goes to conquer; God will give victory to the right: as a warrior
he treads his native land; as a monarch he will rule over her. The
very name of King he bears, will shame the lukewarm English; they will
gather round the apparent sun, now that he shows himself unclouded,
leaving the false light, Tudor, to flicker into its native

"Monina," said the Prince, "you in the wide world can bestow richest
largess on the beggar, King Richard." She looked on him in wonder. "I
go to conquer or to die: this, lovely one, is no new language for you;
a warrior's friend must hear such words unflinching. I die without a
fear if you take one charge upon you." Her beaming, expressive eyes
replied to him. He continued: "The Adalid and safety are images most
firmly united in my mind; if I cannot find security on board of her
myself, let those dear to me inherit my possession there. The hardest
thought that I bear with me, is that my fair Queen should become
captive to my base-minded foe. May I not trust that if I fall, the
Adalid will be her home and refuge to convey her to her native
country, or any whither she may direct? I intrust this charge to you,
my sister, my far more than sister, my own kind Monina. You will
forget yourself in that fateful hour, to fulfil my latest wish?"

"My Prince," she replied, "your words were cruel, did I not know that
you speak in over care, and not from the impulse of your heart. In the
same spirit, I promise that your desire shall be accomplished: if you
fall, my father will protect--die for my lady the Queen. But why speak
these ill-omened words? You will succeed; you will hasten the lagging
hand of Fate, and dethrone one never born to reign, to bestow on
England its rightful king. The stars promise this in their
resplendent, unfailing scrowl--the time-worn student in his lore has
proclaimed it--the sacred name of monarch which you bear, is the
pledge and assurance of predestined victory."

"And you meanwhile will stay, and assure Katherine's destiny?"

"My dear Lord, I have a task to accomplish. If I leave her Grace, it
is because all spirits of good and power watch over her, and my weak
support is needed elsewhere. I am bound for London."

They parted thus. The temerity of their designs sometimes inspired
them with awe; but more usually animated them to loftier hopes. When
the thickening shadows of "coming events" clouded their spirits, they
took refuge in the sun-bright imaginations which painted to each the
accomplishment of their several hopes. Monina felt assured that the
hour of victory was at hand. Richard looked forward to a mortal
struggle, to be crowned with success: a few short weeks or briefer
days would close the long account: his word redeemed, his honour
avenged, he looked forward to his dear reward: not a sceptre--that was
a plaything fit for Henry's hand; but to a life of peace and love; a
very eternity of sober, waking bliss, to be passed with her he
idolized, in the sunny clime of his regretted Spain.


  Oh, that stern unbending man!
In this unhappy marriage what have I
Not suffered--not endured!

Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more.
Or close the wall up with our English dead!

The lapse of years had confirmed Henry on his throne. He was
extortionate and severe, it is true; and thus revolts had been
frequent during the earlier portion of his reign; but they took their
rise in a class which even in modern days, it is difficult to keep
within the boundaries of law. The peasantry, scattered and dependant
on the nobles, were tranquil; but artificers, such as the miners of
Cornwall, who met in numbers, and could ask each other, "Why, while
there is plenty in the land, should we and our children starve? Why
pay our hard earnings into the regal coffers?" and, still increasing
in boldness, demand at last, "Why should these men govern us?

"We are many--they are few!"

Thus sedition sprung from despair, and assumed arms; to which Henry
had many engines to oppose, bulwarks of his power. A commercial spirit
had sprung up during his reign, partly arising from the progress of
civilization, and partly from so large a portion of the ancient
nobility having perished in the civil wars. The spirit of chivalry,
which isolates man, had given place to that of trade, which unites
them in bodies.

Among these, the White Rose of England had not a single partizan--the
nobles who once had upheld the house of York were few; they had for
the last eight years been intent upon restoring their fortunes, and
were wholly disinclined to the endangering them afresh for a stranger
youth. When Fitzwater, Stanley, and their numerous fellow-
conspirators, and fellow-victims sided with the Duke of York, nearly
all England entertained a timid belief in his identity with King
Edward's lost son--but those times were changed. Many were glad to
soothe their consciences by declaring him an impostor; many so desired
to curry favour with Henry; a still greater number either feared to
say their thought, or were averse to disturb the tranquillity of their
country, by a contest, which could benefit one man alone, and which
must entail on them another war like that so lately ended--Abroad, in
France, Burgundy, and Scotland, the Prince might be discountenanced
from political motives; but he was treated with respect, and spoken of
as being the man he named himself: in England it was otherwise--
contempt followed hard upon fear, giving birth to derision, the best
weapon against the unhappy, which Henry well knew how to wield. He had
two motives in this--one was, that by affixing disgrace and scorn to
his adversary, he took away the glitter of his cause, and deterred the
young and ambitious from any desire to share in his obloquy. The other
was a feeling deeperrooted in his mind--an intense hatred of the House
of York--an exultation in its overthrow and disgrace--a gloating over
every circumstance that blotted it with ignominy. If Richard had
really been an impostor, Henry had not used half the pains to
stigmatise him as low-born--to blast his pride with nicknames, nor
have looked forward with the joy he now did, to having him in his
power--to the degradation--the mortal stain of infamy he intended to
taint him with for ever.

Secure in power--fearless of the result, Henry heard with unfeigned
joy that his young rival had landed in England, and was advancing into
the interior of the island, at the head of the Cornish insurgents. He
himself announced the rising to his nobles. Laughing, he said, "I have
tidings for you, gentlemen: a flight of wild geese clad in eagles'
feathers, are ready to pounce upon us. Even now they hover over our
good city of Exeter, frighting the honest burghers with their

"Blackheath will witness another victory," said Lord Oxford.

"And my kitchen receive a new scullion," replied the King; "since
Lambert Simnel became falconer, our roast meat thinks itself
dishonoured at not being spitted by a pretender to my crown; for no
Audley heads these fellows, but the King of Rakehells himself, the
most noble Perkin, who, to grace the more the unwashed rogues, calls
himself Richard the Fourth for the nonce. I have fair hope to see his
Majesty this bout, if he whiz not away in a fog, or sink underground
like Lord Lovel, to the disappointment of all merry fellows, who love
new masks and gaudy mumming."

"Please your Majesty," said the young Lord William Courtney, "it is
for the honour of our house that not a stone of Exeter be harmed. With
your good leave, my father and myself will gather in haste what force
we may: if fortune aid us, we may present your Grace with your new

"Be it so, my Lord," replied the King, "and use good dispatch. We
ourselves will not tarry: so that, with less harm to all, we may tread
out these hasty lighted embers. Above all, let not Duke Perkin escape;
it is my dearest wish that he partake our hospitality."

"Yes," so ran Henry's private thoughts; "he must be mine, mine alive,
mine to deal with as I list." With even more care than he put in the
mustering his army, he ordered that the whole of the southern sea-
coast of England should be guarded; every paltry fishing village had
its garrison, which permitted no boat to put off to sea, nor any to
land, without the strictest investigation; not content with this, he
committed it to the care of his baser favourites to forge some plot
which might betray his enemy without a blow into his hands.

"Give me your benison, good Bess," said the Monarch, with unwonted
gaiety of manner; "with daylight I depart on the ungentle errand of
encountering your brother Perkin."

Elizabeth, not less timid than she had ever been, was alarmed by his
show of mirth, and by this appellation bestowed on one she knew to be
so near of kin. That very morning she had seen Monina--the
enthusiastic Monina, who, confiding in her royal friend's success,
visited London to watch over the fate of Elizabeth and her children.
The Queen smiled at her offers of service; she felt that no such army
could endanger Henry's reign; but she feared for Richard, for her ill-
fated brother, who had now entered the net, for whom she felt assured
there was no escape. Trembling at her own boldness, she answered the
King, "Whoever he may be, you will not destroy him in cold blood?"

"You would have me spare the impostor?" asked Henry. "Spare him who
claims your son's throne? By Our Lady of Walsingham, the maternal
virtues of the daughter of York deserve high praise."

Elizabeth, dreading more to offend, horrorstruck at the idea that her
husband should shed her brother's blood, burst into tears. "Silly
girl," said Henry, "I am not angry; nay, more, I grant your prayer.
Perkin, if not slain by a chance blow, shall live. My word is passed;
trust to it: I neither inquire nor care whether he be the godson or
the base brat of the libertine Edward. In either case, my revenge
stoops not so low as his paltry life: does this content you?"

"May the saints bless your Grace," said Elizabeth, "you have eased my
every fear."

"Remember then that you prove no ingrate," continued the King, "no
dupe of report, no traducer of your children's birth. Betray no
interest in the knave's downfall, save as he is my enemy. If you
display any emotion that awakens a doubt, that this canker rose be
aught in your eyes except a base pretender--if you mark any feeling
but stern contempt for one so vile--tremble. My vengeance will fall on
him; and his blood be on your head."

"Magnanimous Prince!" thought Elizabeth, in bitter scorn, when he had
left her: "this is your mercy. You fear! My poor Richard--your
sister, a monarch's daughter, is finely taught by this Earl's son. But
you will live; then let him do his worst: the Queen of England is not
quite a slave; if Henry can bind, Elizabeth may loose; and the Duke of
York laugh in another land at the malice of his enemy."

We return to this Prince, whose lofty spirit was sustained by an aim,
an object dearer than a kingdom in his eyes. He arrived before Exeter
at the head of seven thousand men. All the discontented in Cornwall
and Devonshire joined him. Some of these were younger brothers; some
men-at-arms who repined at peace; chiefly they were needy, oppressed
men, rouzed by a sense of wrong, as destitute, but not so hardy as the
kerns of Ireland. Still they were many, they were valiant; Exeter was
ungarrisoned, unprepared for defence, and there was a possibility that
by sudden assault, he might possess himself of the town. With this
intent he did not allow his troops time to repose, but at once set on
for the attack, endeavouring to scale the lofty walls; unaided by any
fitting machinery, scarcely possessed of a single scaling ladder, he
was driven back with loss. Foiled but not vanquished, for his heart
was set upon this prize, for three days, though unpossessed of
artillery or any warlike engine, he exerted his utmost force to win
the city; he contrived rude machinery to cast stones, he planted the
ladders himself, he multiplied himself to appear everywhere,
flattering, encouraging, leading his troops again and again to the
assault. When they found the walls impregnable, he made an attempt on
the gates: with fascines and hewed trees he set one of them on fire;
his men shouted as they heard the stout oak crackle, and saw it split
and crumble, offering a large opening; but the citizens, made
desperate, fearful of the ravages this untamed multitude might commit,
were true to themselves; they resisted fire by fire, keeping up a
fierce blaze within, till with piles of brick and rubbish they had
blocked the passage. Richard saw his last hope fail, "This is not the
work of the burghers," he cried, "a soldier's skill is here."

"True as my old yard measure!" cried Heron. "It was but last night
that my cousin, the Earl of Devon, clambered into the city; he came to
the northern wall, where Skelton keeps watch; when my valiant tailor
heard the noise, ran to look for Master Trereife, who, poor fellow,
lies cold within the moat. The citizens heard and answered my Cousin
the Earl's call; but they were too frightened to let light through the
keyhole of a postern; and his lordship, God save him! was obliged to
climb the battlements."

"Climb the battlements, noble Captain?" said Richard; "that is, a
ladder was let down?"

"It was a stone ladder he scaled, my liege," said Heron; "your Grace
may walk up the same. It will scarce budge, seeing that it is the old
part of the wall itself."

"Who knows more of this?" asked the Prince.

"I saw the whole," said Skelton; "That is the end. Master Trereife was
dead for the nonce, so I came back to lead my men to the fray. There
was the Earl, perched like a crow, on the boughs of an old thorn-bush,
that grows at the top of the wall. Surely he must have torn his cloak,
for the place is thick with all manner of weeds, and rough stones, and
brambles. But more than his broad-cloth got a hole; for Clim of
Tregothius handled his bow, and let fly a cloth-yard shaft, which was
sticking in his shoulder as he got down the other side."

While the Tailor talked, Richard was proceeding hastily to the spot.
It looked tranquil. The old crumbling wall was green with rank grass
and tangled weeds. He drew nearer, and then a whole shower of arrows
was discharged against him. The Earl had expected that his success
would excite their curiosity, and prepared for them, with not the less
zeal on account of his own wound. Richard escaped unhurt; but Edmund,
who was scantily armed, received an arrow in his side: he fell. That
same hour tidings came of the advance of King Henry at the head of a
formidable army.

Plantagenet's wound was dressed; it showed signs of danger, and quite
disabled him. "My faithful fellows swear to preserve you in safety,
Cousin," said Richard; "I must leave you."

"Do you retreat?" asked Edmund.

"No, by my soul! Truly, my hopes have somewhat quailed; yet it is but
a lucky blow, and I gain all. I leave you, my friend; but I will not
leave you in doubt and ignorance. Read this paper: it is to enforce
its contents--to oblige my haughty foe to lay aside his worst weapon,
detraction, that I, against all probability and wisdom, will urge my
cause to the last. My kingdom, it is his: my honour he must restore,
and I cry him quits. Now you have my secret. Pardon for my poor
fellows; pardon, and some alleviation of their cruel lot. For myself,
as you will find, I ask little, but I must show no fear, no
retreating, to obtain even that. I march forwards, then, towards
Taunton: it is a less place than Exeter. The smallest secure port
gained, and Henry may grant my boon."

Plantagenet unfolded the paper, and read these words:

"Richard, legitimate and true son of Edward the Fourth, King of
England and France, and Lord of Ireland, to Henry, the reigning
Sovereign of these realms. In my infancy I was made a prisoner by an
usurping uncle, escaping from his thrawl by aid of the most noble Earl
of Lincoln. This uncle, this usurper, you conquered, and seized upon
his crown. You claim the same by right of Bolingbroke, and strengthen
your title through your union with my sister, the Lady Elizabeth. I am
poor, and an outcast: you a King. God has destroyed my house, and I
submit. But I will not submit to the vile slander that takes from me
my name, and brands me a dishonoured man.

"Henry of Richmond, I neither admit nor combat your claim to the
crown. Lancaster has many partizans, and the victory is yours. But as
Duke of York, I challenge and defy you. I call on you, either by
person or by champion, to meet me in the lists, that I may defend my
honour, and maintain the right. Let us spare the people's blood. In
single combat let my pretensions be set at issue; and my good sword
shall cut to pieces the wicked lies and base traditions you have
calumniously and falsely forged to my disgrace.

"Body to body, I will meet you or your champion. Name the day, the
hour, and the place. With my lance and my sword, to the death I will
maintain my birth. If I fall, I ask that my wife, the Lady Katherine
Gordon, be permitted to return to her royal cousin, James of Scotland;
that such of my followers as desire it, may be allowed to go beyond
seas; that those of your subjects who, goaded into rebellion by your
exactions, have taken up arms, receive free pardon and remission of
their imposts. If I conquer, I add but one other demand--that you
confess to the wide world how foully you have slandered me; revoke the
lies you have published, and acknowledge me to all men, the rightful
Duke of York.

"If you deny my just demands, be the blood spilt in defence of my
honour on your head; England ravaged, your towns destroyed, your realm
subject to all the calamities of war; these evils rest with you. I
will not sheathe my sword, nor tread one backward step in my
undertaking; but as in the lists, so on the dread battle-field, meet
your abettors, and conquer or die in defence of my name. Expecting a
fitting answer to this just defiance, I bid you heartily farewell.


"Written under the walls of Exeter, this twelfth day of September, in
the year of our Blessed Lord 1497."

Plantagenet was deeply affected by his Cousin's gallantry. He sighed,
saying, "Tudor has not, will not reply to your challenge?"

"He has not, but he may," replied Richard. "I have, I know not why, a
firm belief that good will come from it. If not, in a few days all
will be over. In a very few days you can be conveyed to St. Michael's
Mount, where the Queen now is. The Adalid hovers near. Save her, save
yourself: save one other, less helpful than my Katherine--be a brother
to Monina."

Richard, erring in his mark, was animated by the most sanguine hopes,
to which he was seduced by a constant belief that his life was not
near its close, and therefore that his claims would be admitted; as
otherwise he had resolved to fall in the assertion of them. Leaving
the sick couch of his Cousin, he prepared to advance to Taunton. A
conversation meanwhile which he dreamt not of, and would have scorned,
had place in an obscure and gloomy spot in London, fraught with fate
to him.

After the base desertion of his royal master, Frion had sailed to
England with the other hirelings of Henry; among these was Clifford.
Clifford, whose need and whose malice armed him against York's life,
but who tried to hide his shame under an assumed appellation. There
had always been a false fellowship and a real enmity between Frion and
the knight. On his first arrival in Brussels, the secretary looked on
him as an interloper; and Clifford, while he used the other, tried to
force him into his place as an underling, and to blind him to his own
designs. When he betrayed his party, spreading death among the
partizans of York, and annihilating the cause, Frion, whose fortunes
depended on its success, was unmeasured in his expressions of
indignation and contempt. They had worked in direct opposition the
year before in Kent; and, when Frion saw the hand of this reprobated
man uplifted in midnight assassination, he triumphed in the lowness of
his fall. Both were traitors now, both baffled; Frion looked on
Clifford as the worse villain; and Clifford writhed under the familiar
impertinence of a menial. They arrived in London; Sir Robert was
dismissed with barren thanks, Frion thrown into prison; how far the
knight's account gave intimation of the Frenchman's double dealing,
and so brought this severity upon him was not known, but for three
months this mercurial spirit had languished in confinement.

Addicted to scheming, he had now full leisure to spend his whole
thoughts that way; a single, simple plot was too plain for his
industrious soul; he wore a whole web of them so intricate, that he
sometimes lost the clue himself; not the less did he do his endeavour
to put them in action. He intended either to lose Richard or make him;
either to be the cause of his overthrowing Henry, or of being
overthrown by him; in either case, to reap favour and advantage from
the triumphant party.

Sad as is ever a prison-house, it was worse in those days of
incivilization: this pen could ill describe the squalid figures and
dire visages that crowded its tumultuous court. Even here Frion
reigned umpire; but he broke from a knot of noisy squabblers, who held
tattered cards, and appealed to him on a question of fair play, as he
saw one enter. Even he a wretch, yet many degrees better than the best
of his miserable companions; a scarlet suit, trimmed with gold lace,
somewhat tarnished, a cloak of ample folds, but threadbare, a dark
plumed bonnet, drawn over his brow, above all, a rapier at his side,
distinguished him from the prisoners. "This is kind, Sir Robert," said
Frion in his softest manner, "I half feared you were too proud or
politic to visit a disgraced man; for these last three days I have
despaired of your worship; by my fay! your are right welcome."

Clifford cast a shuddering look around the walls; his eyes were
hollow; his cheek sunk; he was the mere shadow of bold Robert. "Few
words are best thanks, Master Stephen," he replied; "I am kind to you
because the dice are cruel to me; you promise largely, and my wants
are no dwarfs. What are your designs?"

"This is no place for parley," said Frion; "follow me." He led the way
through several narrow passages to a miserable cell; straw was heaped
in one corner for a bed; the walls were dank and tattered; the floor
broken and filthy.

"Welcome to my domicile, Sir Knight," said Frion: whether it were
compunction that he had brought him to this, or distrust that the
injury would be revenged, Clifford shrunk back and his lips grew
livid. "One would not live here from choice," said Frion, "I allow;
yet do not grudge me a few moments, it may stead us both."

"To the point then," said the Knight; "it is not the place, Master
Frion; but at the hour of noon--"

"No excuses, you like the place as ill as I," said the Frenchman with
a bland smile; "but you are more generous, for I would not dwell an
instant's space here of my own will to gain any man's salvation. Now,
what news from the west? Is it true that the Duke of York is slain? or
Exeter taken? both reports are rife. Adam Wicherly and Mat Oldcraft
made their escape two days ago, to join the gallant. Mat was seized
again, and says that there were bonfires in Southwark for Richard the

Clifford, by a brief detail, answered, and then after some hesitation
said, "He is not so low but that the King desires him to be lower: he
who could bring him, bound hand and foot, to London, would be a made
man. Empson saw Garthe yesterday; and he, who calls me Wiatt, came
post to consult with me; but it were hazardous to attempt him; he is
ten thousand strong."

"You know me, Sir Robert," said Frion; "there are few things I cannot
bring about, so that I have room to ruffle in. I have a plot, King
Richard is ours in three days, so one word be said; that word is
liberty to me. Take you the reward; I ask no further share in your
gains than free leave to set the channel between me and this dingy

Each despising, each mistrusting the other, these men conspired for
the Prince's fall: like "mousing owls" they hawked at an eagle with
too true an aim. York's thoughts were of honour; but through them they
were to be drugged with ignominy and despair. It is melancholy that
circumstance and fortune should have power to reach the very shrine of
our dearest thoughts; degrading them from their original brightness to
a likeness of the foul aspect of the outer world. Richard's free and
noble spirit was to become plastic to the touch of such men as the
fallen Clifford and crafty Frion. Men, whom he had cast from him as
unworthy his regard, could besiege the citadel of his hopes, and
garrison it with disgrace; forcing him to occupy himself with ideas as
base as those which possessed their own minds. It is the high heart's
curse to be obliged to expend its deep and sacred emotions in hatred
of, or struggle with things so mean, so very alien to its own aspiring


Ah! Richard, with the eyes of heavy mind.
I see thy glory, like a shooting star.
Fall to the base earth from the firmament.

Richard proceeded towards Taunton. Although this was in appearance an
advance, his ill-success before Exeter, and report of the large force
already brought against them by Sir John Cheney, King Henry's
Chamberlain, had so far discouraged his followers as to occasion the
desertion of many--so that of the seven thousand he had with him in
Devonshire, he retained but three on his arrival near Taunton. These
consisted of the original body of insurgents, Cornishmen, who had
proceeded too far to go back, and who, partly in affection for their
leader, partly from natural stubborness, swore to die in the cause.
Poor fellows! rusty rapiers, and misshapen lances were their chief
arms; a few had bows; others slings; a still greater number their
ponderous tools, implements of labour and of peace, to be used now in
slaughter. Their very dress displayed at once their unmartial and
poverty-stricken state. In all these might be gathered a troop of
three hundred foot, not wholly destitute of arms and discipline. The
horse were not less at fault; yet among them there were about one
hundred tolerably mounted, the riders indeed, but too frequently,
disgracing their steeds.

It required all Richard's energy of purpose to hold him back from
despair. The bitter sense of degradation visited him in spite of every
effort. Had he ever made one of the chivalry of France and Burgundy?
Had he run a tilt with James of Scotland, or grasped in knightly
brotherhood the mailed hand of Sir Patrick Hamilton? And were these
his comrades? unwashed artificers; ragged and rude peasants; vulgar
tongued traders? He felt, "in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes;"
and now to obtain pardon for them, to send them back skaithless to
their own homes, was his chief desire, even to the buying of their
safety with his own downfall.

After a two days march he arrived near Taunton. On reconnoitring the
town, its position and weakness gave him hope that he might carry it,
even with his sorry soldiery. To check these thoughts, tidings came,
that Sir John Cheney was in close neighbourhood, and Henry himself
advancing with a chosen body of men. On the evening of their arrival
before the town, a detachment of the enemy entered it, cutting off the
last hope of Richard.

The next morning it became evident that the crisis of his fortunes was
at hand. The whole country teemed with soldiery. As the troops poured
towards a common centre, the array and order of a battle-field became
apparent in their operations. A battle, between a very myriad of
golden-spurred knights, armed at all points, and the naked inhabitants
of Richard's camp! call it rather a harvest; there were the reapers,
here the bending corn. When in the north Richard wept over the
devastation of the land, he felt that a word of his could counteract
the harm--but now, his challenge had proved an airy dagger--
substanceless--his resolve to encounter his foe, bringing the unarmed
against these iron-suited warriors, grew in his eyes into premeditated
murder: his heart heaved in his overcharged breast. To add bitterness
to his thoughts there were his companions--O'Water brave in despair;
Astley pale with fear for his lord; Heron foolish in his unmeaning
boasting; Skelton trembling in every joint, and talking incessantly,
apparently to deafen himself to "the small still voice" that whispered
terror to his heart.

Richard spent the day among his men. They were prepared to fight; if
needs must, to fall: protestations of sturdy devotion, the overflowing
of the rude, manly heart, always affecting, met him at every turn. He
was beloved, for he was generous and kind. Often he had exposed his
life, when before Exeter, to save some one among them: when dismayed,
he had cheered, when defeated, he had comforted them; nor did he leave
the body of the meanest camp-follower uninterred; for one of Richard's
characteristics was a quick sympathy with his species, and a reverence
for all that bore the shape of man. But, while these qualities
rendered him dear to all, they inspired him with a severe sense of his
duties towards others, and a quick insight into their feelings; thus
increasing to anguish the disquietude that agitated him.

Towards evening he was alone in his tent. At first he was confused by
the various aspects, all terrible, that his fortunes assumed. By the
caprice of destiny, he who was descended from a line of kings, who had
so long been the inhabitant of courts, a Cavalier, honourable in his
degree, renowned for his prowess, had not one noble-born partizan near
him: not one of his ancient counsellors, to whom he had been used to
defer, remained; he was absolutely alone; the sense of right and
justice in his own heart was all he possessed, to be a beacon-light in
this awful hour, when thousands depended upon his word--yet had he
power to save?

An idea, dim at first as a star on the horizon's verge, struggling
through vapours, but growing each second brighter and clearer, dawned
upon his mind. All then was over! his prophetic soul had proved false
in its presumed fore-knowledge; defeat, dishonour, disgrace tracked
his steps To lead his troops forth, and then to redeem them at Henry's
hand, by the conditionless surrender of himself, was the thought,
child of despair and self-devotion, that still struggling with the
affections and weaknesses of his nature, presented itself, not yet
full fledged, but about to become so.

He had been several times interupted during his meditations by the
arrival of scouts, with various reports of the situation and
proceedings of the enemy: Richard, better than these untaught
recruits, knew the meaning of the various operations. As if on a map,
he saw the stationing of a large and powerful army in expectation of
battle; and was aware how incapable he was to cope with their numbers
and force. At last Astley announced the arrival of two men: one was a
Fleming, known to Richard as one of Lalayne's men, but the fellow was
stupidly drunk; the other was an English peasant. "Please your
worship," he said, "I am this man's guide, and must act as his
interpreter besides; nothing would serve the spungy fellow but he must
swallow ale at every tavern on the way."

"Speak, then," said Richard; "what is the purport of his journey?"

"Please you, Sir, last night three hundred of them came right pop upon
us afore we were aware; sore afraid they made us with their tall iron-
shafted poles, steel caps, and short swords, calling each one for
bread and beer."

"Do you mean," cried the Prince, his eye brightening as he spoke,
"that three hundred men, soldiers, armed like yonder fellow, are
landed in England?"

So the countryman averred; and that even now they were but at the
distance of twenty miles from Richard's encampment. They were still
advancing, when the report was spread that the Prince's forces were
dispersed, himself taken prisoner. The rustic drew from the Fleming's
pocket a letter, in French, signed by Swartz, a son of him who fell at
Stoke, a man in high favour with the Lady Margaret of Burgundy. It
said how he had been dispatched by her Grace to his succour; how
intelligence of the large army of Henry, and his defeat, had so
terrified his men, that they refused to proceed, nay, by the next
morning would take their way back to Poole, where they had landed,
unless Richard himself came to re-assure them, and to lead them on.
Every word of the letter lighted up to forgotten joy young Richard's
elastic spirit. With these men to aid him, giving weight and
respectability to his powers, he might hope to enforce the conditions
of his challenge. All must be decided on the morrow: that very hour he
would set forth, to return before morning with these welcome succours.

It was near midnight; his camp was still; the men, in expectation of
the morrow's struggle, had retired to repose; their leaders had orders
to visit their commander in his tent at the hour which now the empty
hour-glass told was come. Hastily, eagerly, Richard announced the
arrival of these German mercenaries; he directed them to accompany
him, that with some show of attendance he might present himself to
Schwartz. The camp was not to be disturbed; two or three men alone
among them were awakened, and ordered to keep guard--in five hours
assuredly he must return. In a brief space of time, the troop who were
to accompany him, Heron, Skelton, O'Water, and Astley, with some forty
more, led their horses to his tent in silence:--there were few lights
through all the camp; their honest hearts which beat within slept,
while he was awake to succour and save them. This was Richard's last
thought, as, mounted on his good steed, he led the way across the dim
heath towards Yeovil.

It was such a night as is frequent at the end of September; a warm but
furious west-wind tore along the sky, shaking the dark tresses of the
trees, and chasing the broad shadows of the clouds across the plains.
The moon, at the beginning of her third quarter, sped through the sky
with rapid, silvery wings; now cutting the dark, sea-like ether; now
plunging deep amidst the clouds; now buried in utter darkness; anon
spreading a broad halo among the thinner woof of vapours. The guide
was at the Prince's side; Heron, upon his short sturdy pony, was just
behind; Skelton tried to get his tall mare to an even pace with
Richard's horse, but she fell back continually: the rushing, howling
wind, and rustling trees drowned the clatter of the hoofs. They
reached the extreme edge of the common; Richard turned his head--the
lights of his little camp burnt dim in the moonshine, its poor apparel
of tents was lost in the distance: they entered a dark lane, and lost
sight of every trace of it; still they rode fleetly on. Night, and the
obscure shapes of night around--holy, blinding, all-seeing night! when
we feel the power of the Omnipotent as if immediately in contact with
us; when religion fills the soul, and our very fears are unearthly;
when familiar images assume an unknown power to thrill our hearts; and
the winds and trees and shapeless clouds, have a voice not their own,
to speak of all that we dream or imagine beyond our actual life.
Through embowered lanes, whose darkness seemed thick and palpable--
over open, moonshiny fields, where the airy chase of clouds careered
in dimmer shapes upon the earth--Richard rode forward, fostering
newly-awakened hope; glad in the belief that while he saved all who
depended on him, he would not prove a mere victim led in tame
submission, an unrighteous sacrifice to the Evil Spirit of the World.


Art thou he, traitor! that with treason vile
  Hast slain my men in this unmanly manner.
And now triumphest in the piteous spoil
  Of these poor folk; whose souls with black dishonour
  And foul defame do deck thy bloody banner?
The meed whereof shall shortly be thy shame.
  And wretched end which still attendeth on her.
With that himself to battle he did frame;
So did his forty yeomen which there with him came.

Some miles to the east of Yeovil there was a deep stream, whose
precipitous banks were covered by a thick underwood that almost
concealed the turbid waters, which undermined and bared the twisted
and gnarled roots of the various overhanging trees or shrubs. The left
side of the stream was bounded by an abrupt hill, at the foot of which
was a narrow pathway; on the green acclivity flourished a beech grove,
whose roots were spread in many directions to catch the soil, while
their trunks, some almost horizontal, were all fantastically grown,
and the fairy tracery of the foliage shed such soft, mellowed,
chequered light as must incline the heart of the wanderer beneath the
leafy bower, to delicious musings.

Now the moon silvered the trees, and sometimes glimmered on the
waters, whose murmurs contended with the wind that sung among the
boughs: and was this all? A straggling moonbeam fell on something
bright amid the bushes, and a deep voice cried, "Jack of the Wynd, if
thou can'st not get to thicker cover, pluck darnels to cover that
cursed steel cap of thine."

"Hush!" repeated another lower voice, "Your bawling is worse than his
headpiece; you outroar the wind. How high the moon is, and our friends
not come;--he will be he here before them."

"Hark! a bell!"

"Matins, by the Fiend! may he seize that double-tongued knave! I much
suspect Master Frion; I know him of old."

"He cannot mar us now, though it be he who made this ambushment."

"Oh, by your leave! he has the trick of it, and could spring a mine in
the broadest way; he can turn, and twist, and show more faces than a
die. He laughed this morn--I know the laugh--there is mischief in 't."

"But, your Worship, now, what can he do?"

"Do! darken the moon; set these trees alive and dancing; do! so play
the Will o' the Wisp that the King shall be on Pendennis and the Duke
at Greenwich, and each fancy he is within bow-shot of the other; do!
ask the Devil what is in his compact, for he is but the Merry Andrew
of Doctor Frion. Hush!"

"It is he," said the other speaker.

A breathless pause ensued; the wind swept through the trees--another
sound--its monotonous recurrence showed that it was a dashing
waterfall--and yet again it grew louder.

"It is he."

"No, Gad's mercy, it comes westward--close, my merry fellows, close,
and mind the word! close, for we have but half our number, and yet he
may escape."

Again the scene sank into silence and darkness: such silence as is
nature's own, whose voice is ever musical; such darkness as the
embowering trees and vast island-clouds made, dimming and drinking up
the radiance of the moon.

The stillness was broken by the tramp of horses drawing near, men's
voices mingled with the clatter, and now several cavaliers entered the
defile; they rode in some disorder, and so straggling, that it was
probable that many of their party lagged far behind: the principal
horseman had reached midway the ravine, when suddenly a tree, with all
its growth of green and tangled boughs, fell right across the path;
the clatter of the fall deafened the screech which accompanied it, for
one rider was overthrown; it was succeeded by a flight of arrows from
concealed archers. "Ride for your lives," cried Richard: but his path
was crossed by six horsemen, while, starting from the coppice, a band
of near forty men engaged with the van of his troop, who tried to
wheel about: some escaped, most fell. With his sword drawn, the Prince
rushed at his foremost enemy; it was a mortal struggle, for life and
liberty, for hatred and revenge. Richard was the better swordsman, but
his horse was blown, and half sunk upon his haunches, when pressed
closely by the adversary. Richard saw his danger, and yet his
advantage, for his foe, over-eager to press him down, forgot the ward;
he rose on his stirrups, and grasped his sword with both hands, when a
blow from behind, a coward's blow, from a battle-axe, struck him; it
was repeated, and he fell lifeless on the earth.

Sickness, and faintness, and throbbing pain were the first tokens of
life that visited his still failing sense; sight and the power of
motion seemed to have deserted him, but memory reviving told him that
he was a prisoner. Moments were stretched to ages while he strove to
collect his sensations; still it was night; the view of fields and
uplands and of the varied moon-lit sky, grew upon his languid senses;
he was still on horseback, bound to the animal, and supported on
either side by men. As his movements communicated his returning
strength, one of these fellows rode to impart the tidings to their
leader, while the other stayed to guide his horse; the word "gallop!"
was called aloud, and he was urged along at full speed, while the
sudden motion almost threw him back into his swoon.

Dawn, which at first seemed to add to the dimness and indistinctness
of the landscape, struggling through the clouds, and paling the moon,
slowly stole upon them. The Prince became sufficiently alive to make
observations; he and his fellow-prisoners were five in number only,
their guards were ten; foremost among them was one, whom in whatever
guise he could not mistake. Each feeling in Richard's heart stimulated
him to abhor that man, yet he pitied him more. Gallant, bold Robin,
the frolicksome page, the merry-witted sharer of a thousand pleasures.
Time, thou art a thief; how base a thief--when thou stealest not only
our friends, our youth, our hopes, but, besides, our innocence; giving
us in the place of light-hearted confidence--guile, distrust, the
consciousness of evil deeds. In these thoughts, Richard drew the
louring of the picture, from the fresh and vivid tints that painted
his own soul. Clifford's breast had perhaps never been free from the
cares of guilt: he had desired honour; he had loved renown; but the
early developement of passion and of talent had rendered him even in
boyhood, less single-hearted than Richard now.

Clifford was triumphant; he possessed Monina's beloved--the cause of
his disgrace--bound, a prisoner and wounded. Why then did pain distort
his features, and passion flush his brow? No triumph laughed in his
eye, or sat upon his lip. He hated the prince; but he hated and
despised himself. He played a dastardly and a villain's part; and
shame awaited even success. The notoriety and infamy that attended on
him (exaggerated as those things usually are, in his own eyes), made
him fear to meet in the neighbouring villages or towns, any noble
cavalier who might recognise him; even if he saw a party of horsemen
on the road, he turned out of it, and thus got entangled among
byepaths in an unfrequented part of the country: They continued the
same fast career for several hours, till they entered a wild dark
forest, where the interminable branches of the old oaks met high-
arched over head, and the paths were beset with fern and underwood.
The road they took was at first a clear and open glade, but it quickly
narrowed, and branched off in various directions; they followed one of
its windings, till it abruptly closed: the leader then reined in, and
Clifford's voice was heard. Years had elapsed since it had met
Richard's ear; the mere, as it were, abstract idea of Clifford was
mingled with crime and hate; his voice, his manner, his look were
associated with protestations of fidelity; or, dearer still, the
intercourse of friendship and youthful gaiety; no wonder that it
seemed a voice from the grave to betrayed York.

"Halloo!" cried Clifford, "Clim of the Lyn, my merry man, thou art to
track us through the New Forest to Southampton."

"Please your knightship," said a shaggy-headed fellow, "our way is
clear, I am at home now: but, by Saint George, we must halt; a thirty
miles ride since matins, his fast unbroken, would have made Robin Hood
a laggard."

"What would you eat here?" cried Clifford; "a stoup of canary and beef
were blessings for the nonce; but we must get out of this accursed
wilderness into more Christian neighbourhood, before we find our

Clim of the Lyn grinned. "To a poor forester," said he, "the green-
wood is a royal inn; vert and venison, your worship, sound more
savoury than four smoky walls, and a platter of beef brought in mine
host's left hand, while his right already says--'Pay!"'

"They would feed me with mine own venison in way of courtesy, even as
the Lion Heart, my namesake and ancestor, was feasted of old; mine--
each acre, each rood, and every noble stag that pastures thereon; but
I am not so free as they; and, mine though this wild wood be, I must
thank an outlaw ere I dine upon my own."

Thus thought Richard; and at that moment, with his limbs aching
through their bondage, and with throbbing temples, liberty in the free
forest seemed worth more than a kingdom. The bright sun was high--the
sky serene--the merry birds were caroling in the brake--the forest
basked in noon-day, while the party wound along the shady path
beneath. The languid frame of York revived; at first to pain alone,
for memory was serpent-fanged. What bird-lime was this to ensnare the
royal eagle! but soon Despair, which had flapped her harpy wings
across his face, blinding him, fled away; Hope awoke, and in her
train, schemes of escape, freedom, and a renewal of the struggle.

Meanwhile they threaded many a green pathway, and, after another
hour's ride, arrived at the opening of a wide grassy dell; a deer, "a
stag of ten," leapt from his ferny bed and bounded away; a herd of
timid fawns, just visible in the distance, hurried into the thicket;
while many a bird flew from the near sprays. Here the party halted;
first they unbitted their steeds, and then dismounted the prisoners,
binding them for security's sake to a tree. Richard was spared this
degradation, for still he was a prince in Clifford's eyes; and his
extreme physical weakness, caused by his blow, made even the close
watching him superfluous. He was lifted from his horse, and placed
upon the turf, and there left. While some of his guards went to seek
and slay their repast, others led their animals to a brook, which
murmured near: all were variously and busily employed. Clifford alone
remained; he called for water; evidently he was more weary than he
chose to own; he took off his casque: his features were ghastly; there
was a red streak upon his brow, which was knit as if to endurance, and
his lips were white and quivering. Never had crime visited with such
torment ill-fated man; he looked a Cain after the murder; the Abel he
had killed was his own fair fame--the ancestral honour of his race.
How changed from when Richard last saw him, but two years before; his
hair was nearly grey, his eyes hollow, his cheeks fallen in; yet,
though thin to emaciation, he had lost that delicacy and elegance of
feature that had characterized him. Almost without reflection,
forgetting his own position in painful compassion, the Prince
exclaimed, "Thou art an unhappy man, Sir Robert!" The knight replied
with a ghastly smile, which he meant to be disdainful. "But now,"
continued Richard, "while thy visor screened thy face, I was on the
point of taunting thee as a coward, of defying thee to mortal combat;
but thou art miserable, and broken-hearted, and no match for me."

Clifford's eyes glared, his hand was upon his sword's hilt: he
recollected himself, replying, "You cannot provoke me, Sir, you are my

"Thy victim, Robin; though once saved by thee; but that is past, and
there is no return. The blood of Stanley, and of a hundred other
martyrs, rolls between us: I conquer my own nature, when even for a
moment I look upon their murderer."

The weakness of the prince gave a melancholy softness to his voice and
manner; the deep pity he felt for his fallen friend, imparted a
seraphic expression to his clear open countenance. Clifford writhed
with pain. Clifford, who, though not quick to feel for others, was all
sense and sensitiveness for himself: and how often in the world do we
see sensibility attributed to individuals, whose show of feeling
arises from excessive susceptibility to their own sorrows and
injuries! Clifford wished to answer--to go away--he was spell-bound;
his cowering look first animated Richard to an effort, which a moment
before he would have ridiculed. "Wherefore," said he, "have you earned
all men's hate, and your own to boot? Are you more honoured and loved
than in Brussels? Scorn tracks you in your new career, and worst of
all, you despise yourself."

"By St. Sathanas and his brood!" fiercely burst from the Knight. Then
he bit his lip, and was silent.

"Yet, Clifford, son of a noble father, spare yourself this crowning
sin. I have heard from travelled men, that in Heathenesse the
unbaptized miscreant is true to him whose hospitality he has shared.
There was a time when my eyes brightened when I saw you; when the name
of Robin was a benediction to me. You have changed it for the direst
curse. Yours are no common crimes. Foremost in the chronicles, your
name will stand as a type and symbol of ingratitude and treason,
written with the blood of Fitzwater and Stanley. But this is not all.
The young and defenceless you destroy: you have stood with uplifted
dagger over the couch of a sleeping man."

Clifford had fostered the belief that this vilest act of his life, to
which he had been driven rather by fierce revenge than hope of reward,
was a secret. A moment before he had advanced with hasty and furious
glances towards his enemy. Scarcely had the words passed York's lips,
than a kind of paralysis came over him. His knees knocked together:
his arms fell nerveless to his side.

"O, man!" continued York, "arouse thy sleeping faculties. Bid the
fiend who tortures thee, Avaunt! Even now, at the word, he feels his
power over thy miserable soul waver. By Him who died on the Cross, I
conjure him to leave thee. Say thou 'amen' to my adjuration, and he
departs. Cast off the huge burthen of guilt: deliver thy soul into the
care of holy men. As thy first act, depart this spot: leave me. It is
I who command--Richard of York, thy sovereign. Begone; or kneeling at
my feet, seek the grace thou hast so dearly forfeited."

For a moment it almost seemed as if the wretched man were about to
obey; but at the moment his groom came from the spring, where he had
been watering his horse. The sight of another human being, to witness
his degradation, awoke him to phrenzy. He called aloud, "How now,
Sirrah! Why, unbit Dragon? Bring him here. I must begone."

"He can't carry your honour a mile," said the fellow.

"A miracle," cried Richard; "you repent, Sir Robert."

"As Lucifer in hell! Look to the prisoner." Clifford vaulted on his
horse: his head was bare, his eyes wild and bloodshot. Clapping spurs
to the jaded animal's side, he put him to his speed, and was gone.

"His fit is on him!" cried his attendant, "and what are we to do? He
rides a race with the fiend, leaving us to do both their works." More
whisperingly he muttered, "Hold Duke Richard in bonds against his will
may I not. He gave me gold in Flanders; he is a King's son and a
belted Knight, and I a poor servitor."

Richard had conceived a faint hope of working on Clifford's manifest
remorse, and enlisting him again under the banner of the White Rose.
His wonder was great when he saw him flying through the forest with
uncovered head and dishevelled hair; the bridle of his horse in the
groom's hand, while the wearied animal, spurred to speed, threw up his
head, snorting with fear. Not a moment was to be lost, the Prince flew
to his comrades in captivity. Already Heron and O'Water had their
bonds cut by the sword of which he possessed himself. Heron, in whose
two arms lay his chief strength, and O'Water, at home in a fray, fired
with the desire of liberty and life, got speedy hold of battle-axes,
and stood at bay. Skelton, the next made free, began to run; but
finding his flight was solitary, he secured a bow and arrows, and
betook himself to a short, sure aim from behind a tree, while he
offered up another sigh to the memory of Trereife. Astley threw
himself foremost before his master, unarmed. The weapons of their
guard were chiefly in a heap, and these, defended by the enfranchised
prisoners, were useless to them. Headed by Clifford's groom, who stood
in salutary awe of shedding royal blood, a parley commenced. He
entreated Richard to submit; he told him that the whole country was in
arms against him, his way back to his army beset, the sea-coasts
strictly guarded. What then could he do?

"Die, in arms and at liberty. Stand back, sirs; what would you do with
me? Your guilty captain has deserted you; is there one of your number
who will raise his accursed weapon against a King and a Knight?"

Clym of the Lyn, and another outlawed forester, (Clifford in mustering
a troop had gathered together all manner of wild companions) now
appeared dragging in a fat buck. Clym grinned when he saw the altered
state of things: "Come, my men," he said, "it is not for us to fight
King Henry's battles; the more Majesties there be in England, the
merrier for us, I trow; and the wider and freer the range of the King
of the New Forest. Put up your rapiers, and let us feast like
brethren; ye may fall to with your weapons afterwards. Or, if it
please your Grace to trust to me, I will lead you where none of the
King's men will follow."

"Wilt thou guide me back to Taunton?" asked the Prince.

"Not for my cap full of rose nobles," replied the outlaw; "the way is
beset: and trust me your worship's men are scattered far and wide ere
this. You are a tall fellow, and I should ill like to see you in their
gripe. Be one of us; you shall be King of the Greenwood-shade; and a
merrier, freer monarch than he who lives at Westminster."

"Hark!" the word, spoken in a voice of alarm, made the party all ear.
There was a distant tramp--every now and then a breaking of bushes--
and a whole herd of deer came bounding up the glade in flight. A
forester who had rambled further than the rest, rushed back, saying,
"Sixty yeomen of the royal guard! They are coming hitherward. Sir
Harry de Vere leads them--I know his bright bay horse."



He might have dwelt in green forest.
  Under the shadows green;
And have kept both him and us at rest.
  Out of all trouble and teen.

It had been the policy of Richard's captors, to have remained to
deliver up their prisoners to a stronger force. But most of them were
outlaws by profession, who held the King's men in instinctive horror:
these were the first to fly; the panic spread; those who had no cause
to fear, fled because they saw others do so. In a moment the sward was
cleared of all save the prisoners, who hastily bridled their horses,
and followed York down a narrow path into a glen, in an opposite
direction from the approaching troop. With what speed they might they
made their way through the forest, penetrating its depths, till they
got completely entangled in its intricacies. They proceeded for
several hours, but their jaded horses one by one foundered: they were
in the most savage part of the wood; there was no beginning nor end to
the prospect of knotted trunks, which lifted their vast leafy burthen
into the air; here was safety and needful repose. Richard, animated to
a sudden effort, could now hardly keep his seat: the state of their
animals was imperative for a halt; so here, in a wild brake, they
alighted near a running brook: and here O'Water slew a buck, while
Astley and Skelton unbridled their horses, and all set about preparing
a most needful repast. Evening stole upon them before it was
concluded: the slant sun-beams lay in golden glory on the twisted ivy-
grown trunks, and bathed the higher foliage in radiance. By the time
their appetites were satisfied, Heron and Skelton were discovered to
be in a sound sleep; it were as well to follow their example; neither
men and horses could proceed without repose; darkness also afforded
best safety for travelling. It was agreed that they should pursue
their way at midnight; and so, stretched on the grassy soil, peace and
the beauty of nature around them, each gave himself up to a slumber,
which, at that extremity of fatigue, needed no courting.

All slept, save the Prince; he lay in a state of feverish disquietude,
looking at the sky through the leafy tracery overhead, till night
massed and confused every object. Darkest thoughts thronged his mind;
loss of honour, desertion of friends, the fate of his poor men: he was
to have devoted himself to them, but a stream, driven by a thundering
avalanche from its course, had as much power as he to oppose the
circumstances that had brought him from his camp near Taunton, to this
secluded spot. For an interval he gave himself up to a tumult of
miserable ideas, till from the grim troop some assumed a milder
aspect, some a brighter hue; and, after long and painful
consideration, he arranged such a plan as promised at least to
vindicate his own name, and to save the lives of his adherents. Calmed
by these thoughts, soothed to repose by the gentle influence of a
south wind, and the sweet monotony of rustling leaves and running
water, he sank at last into a dreamless sleep.

A whispering of voices was the first thing that struck his wakening
sense: it was quite dark. "Is Master O'Water come back?" asked Heron.

"I am here," replied the Irishman.

"Hast discovered aught?"

"That the night is dark, and the forest wide," replied O'Water; "had
we a planet to guide us we might hope to reach its skirts. We are
worse off, than the Spanish Admiral on the western sea, for the
compass was a star without a cloud to him."

"Saint Mary save us!" said, or rather whined poor Skelton, "our
fortunes are slit from top to toe, and no patch-work will make them

"There is hope at the mouth of a culverin," said O'Water, "or at the
foot of the gallows, so that a man be true to himself. I have
weathered a worse day, when the Macarthys swore to revenge themselves
on the Roches."

"And by our Lady's grace," interrupted Richard, "shall again, worthy
Mayor. My good fellows, fear nothing, I will save you, the ocean
cannot be many miles off, for the sun set at our right hand, and
blinded our eyes through the day; the wind by its mildness is
southerly; we will face it. When once we reach the seaside, the shore
of the free, wide ocean, Tudor's power stops short, and ye are safe;
of myself there will then be time to think. Say, shall we proceed now,
or give another hour to repose?"

All were eager to start, slowly leading their horses through the
tangled paths they could find, the quarter whence the wind blew their
only guide: morning found them toiling on, but morning diminished half
their labours; and, as the birds twittered, and the east gleamed,
their spirits rose to meet and conquer danger. O'Water was in his
native element, that of hairbreadth escape and peril. As to Heron and
Skelton, they might have flagged, but for Richard; he flattered their
pride, raised their hopes, making weariness and danger a plaything and
a jest. As the sun mounted in the sky, their horses showed many a sign
of weariness; and, in spite of a store of venison, which the careful
Skelton had brought away with him, they needed refreshment: each mile
lengthened to ten; each glade grew interminable in their eyes; and the
wide forest seemed to possess all England in its extent. Could the
Prince's body have conquered his mind, the White Rose had indeed
drooped: he was parched with fever, and this, preying on his brain,
made him the victim of conflicting thoughts: his heart, his
imagination, were in his deserted camp; even fair Katherine, awaiting
tidings of him in her far retreat, had not such power to awaken
anguish in his heart, as the idea of Henry's vengeance exercised on
his faithful, humble friends, whose father and protector he had called
himself. There was disease in the fire and rapidity with which these
ideas coursed through his mind; with a strong will he overcame them,
bent on accomplishing his present purpose, and rescuing these chief
rebels, whose lives were most endangered, before he occupied himself
with the safety of the rest.

At length, at noon, his quick ear caught a heavy, distant roar. The
trees had begun to be more scattered: they reached the verge of the
forest; they were too weary to congratulate each other; before them
was a rising ground which bounded their view; some straggling cottages
crowned the height; slowly they reached the hill-top, and there beheld
stormy ocean, clipping in the circular coast with watery girdle; at a
crow's flight it might be a mile distant; a few huts, and a single
black boat spotted in one place the else desert beach; a south wind
swept the sea, and vast surges broke upon the sands; all looked bleak
and deserted.

They stopped at a cottage-door inquiring the road; they heard there
was one, which went three miles about, but that the plain at their
feet was intersected by wide ditches, which their fagged animals could
not leap. Moreover, what hope of putting out to sea, in opposition to
the big noisy waves which the wind was hurrying towards shore! It were
safest and best to take a short repose in this obscure village. Heron
and Skelton entered the poor inn, while Richard waited on his horse,
striving to win him by caresses to taste the food he at first refused.
Heron, who was warm-hearted with all his bluster, brought the Prince
out a flagon of excellent wine, such, as by some chance, it might be a
wreck, the tide had wafted from the opposite coast: Richard was too
ill to drink; but, as he stood, his arm on his poor steed's neck, the
creature looked wistfully up in his face, averting his mouth from the
proffered grain; half playfully his master held out to him the wide
mouthed flagon, and he drank with such eagerness, that Richard vowed
he should have another bottle, and, buying the host's consent with
gold, filled a large can from the wine-cask; the beast drank, and, had
he been a Christian man, could not have appeared more refreshed. The
Prince, forgetful of his pains, was amusing himself thus, when
Skelton, pale and gasping, came from the house, and voiceless through
fear, laid one hand on his leader's arm, and with the other pointed:
too soon the hapless fugitive saw to what he called his attention.
Along the shore of the sea a moving body was perceptible, approaching
towards them from west to east, which soon showed itself to be a troop
of horse soldiers. Richard gave speedy order that his friends should
assemble and mount, while he continued to watch the proceedings of the

They were about two hundred strong--they arrived at the huts on the
beach, and the Prince perceived that they were making dispositions to
leave a part of their number behind. Fifty men were selected, and
posted as patrole--the rest then moved forward, still towards the
east. By this time the remaining fugitives had mounted, and gathered
in one spot--the villagers also were collecting--Skelton's teeth
chattered--he asked an old woman if there were any sanctuary near.

"Aye, by our Lady, is there," replied the dame, "sixteen miles along
the coast is the monastery of Beaulieu. A sanctuary for Princes; by
the same token that the Lady Margaret, Saint Henry's Queen, lived
safely there in spite of the wicked Yorkists, who would have taken her
precious life."

Richard turned quickly round as the woman spoke and heard her words,
but again his eyes were attracted to the coast. As the troop were
proceeding along the sands, the little knot of horsemen perched upon
the hill, caught the attention of a soldier. He rode along the lines,
and spoke to the commanding officer; a halt ensued, "We are lost,"
cried Skelton, "we are taken, Lord! Lord! will they grant us our

"These trees are tempting, and apt for hanging," said O'Water, with
the air of a connoisseur.

"Oh, for Bewley--for Bewley, let us ride!" exclaimed Skelton, longing
to go, yet afraid of separating himself from his companions.

Still the Prince watched the movements of the adverse party. Ten men
were detached, and began to advance inland--"Oh, dear my Lord," cried
Astley, "betake yourself to the forest--there are a thousand ways of
baffling these men. I will meet them, and put them to fault. Ride, for
my lady's sake, ride!"

"Master Astley is a cunning gentleman," said Skelton; "our horses are
a-weary, and a little craft would help us mightily."

Still Richard's eyes were fixed on the troopers--the men advanced as
far as a broad, deep stream, which intersected the plain; here they
hesitated; one of the best mounted leapt across, the others drew back,
seeking along the steep, shelving banks for a ford, or a narrowing of
the stream. The eyes of the troop on the shore were now turned upon
their comrades. "Our time is come," cried Richard; "back to the
forest." One step took them down the other side of the hill, hiding
sea and beach and enemy from their eyes, and skreening them also from
observation. They soon reached the forest, and entered its shade; and
then proceeded along just within its skirts. "Whither?" respectfully
O'Water asked, after Skelton had for some time been muttering many a
hint concerning sanctuary.

"To Beaulieu," said the Prince. "We are barred out from the ocean--we
are beset at land--the little island, yeleped sanctuary, is all that
is left to ye. God speed us safely hither."

Richard's horse was lively and refreshed after his generous draught,
but those of the others flagged. The Prince exerted himself to keep up
the spirits of all; he rallied Skelton, spoke comfort to Astley, and
good hope to Heron. The sturdy apprentice of danger, flight and
trouble, O'Water, treated it all as a matter of course--even hanging,
if it so ehanced, was but a likely accident--the others needed more
encouragement. Astley feared for his Lord, even to an appearance of
timidity, which, though disinterested, had a bad effect on the others.
Heron complained bitterly that his dinner had been left unfinished;
while the poor tailor, now fancying that he would run away from all,
now fearful of solitary misadventure, kept up a garrulous barangue, of
which terror was the burthen and the sum. Richard's voice was
cheerful, his manner gay; but, placing his hand on Astley, it felt
scorching; every moment it required more energy to throw off the
clinging lethargy that fell upon him. It was again evening--a
circumstance that had caused them to enter deeper into the forest; and
it was to be feared they had lost their way. All were weary--all, save
Richard, hungry. The breeze had died away; the air was oppressive, and
more and more it felt like a load intolerable to the Prince's burning
brow. Night began to close in so very dark, that the horses refused to
go forward. Suddenly a roaring sound arose, which was not the sea;
and, but that the atmosphere was so still, the wanderers would have
said that it was a fierce wind among the trees. Such must it be, for
now it came nearer; like living things, the vast giants of the forest
tossed their branches furiously; and entire darkness and sudden,
pouring rain revealed the tempest, which their leafy prison had before
hidden--all was so instantaneous, that it would seem that nature was
undergoing some great revulsion in her laws. The Prince's horse
snorted and reared, while O'Water's dashed furiously on, striking
against a tree, and throwing his rider, from whose lips there escaped
a shriek. What would have been the last overflowing drop in the bitter
cup to a weak mind, restored Richard--lassitude and despondency
vanished. In an instant he was off his horse at O'Water's side,
speaking in his own cheerful, kind voice. "Waste no moment on me,"
cried the generous Mayor. "My leg is broken--I can go no further--
speed you, your Highness, to the sanctuary."

This was the end of hope--the raging storm, the disabled man, dark
night, and Richard's resolve not to desert his follower, all were
causes of terror and of despair.

A voice in the wood was heard calling aloud; no answer could be
returned; it was repeated, and Astley went forward to reconnoitre--
even an enemy were help in such disaster, yet Heron and Skelton
implored him to remain. Another halloo Richard answered; for he
recognized Astley's voice, who in the dark could not find his way
back. He came at last, accompanied by a monk--this was heaven's favour
revealed; for the holy man was a hermit, and his poor cell was near:
poor indeed was it, built with logs, the interstices filled with mud;
a bed of dried leaves was nearly all the furniture. The hermit had
gone on first, and lit a torch; as they might, they bore along poor
O'Water, and placed him in his agony on the low couch. The hermit
looked inquisitively on all the party, neglecting to answer Skelton,
who asked for the hundredth time the distance to Beaulieu.

Richard still occupied himself with the Mayor, endeavouring to
discover if the limb were broken. "By your leave, your Grace," said
the hermit, "I am somewhat of a chirurgeon; I boast of my cures of
horses, and have saved a Christian man ere now."

Scarcely did the Prince remember to wonder at the title by which the
unknown addressed him. By our Lady's love he besought him to attend to
his friend. "Trust me," said the hermit, "I will not fail; but you, my
Lord, must not tarry here; the forest is beset with troops: but for
night and storm, you would hardly attain Beaulieu in safety. It is but
two miles distant: I will guide your Highness thither; and then return
to your follower. Have faith in me, my Lord; I have served your royal
uncle, and was enlisted under your banner last year in Kent. I made a
shift to escape, and took sanctuary; but the stone walls of a
monastery are little better than those of a prison; so I betook me to
the woods. Oh, I beseech you, waste no time: I will return to your
follower: he is safe till then."

"Direct us, and I will thank you," replied Richard; "but you shall not
desert your patient even for a moment."

There was no alternative but to comply: the man gave as clear
instructions as he might, and Richard again set forward with his
diminished party. They were long entangled by trees; and it was now
quite night: the excitement over, the Prince had drooped again. Even
this interval was full of peril--a tramp of steeds was heard: they
drew up among the trees; a party of horsemen passed; one--could it be
the voice of the subtle Frion?--said, "At the end of this glade we
shall see the abbey spires. Well I know the same; for when Queen

This speaker was succeeded by a woman's voice: yet greater wonder, she
spoke in Spanish, in unforgotten accents--Richard's heart stood still,
as he heard them; but soon both voice and tramp of steeds grew faint;
and his brain, becoming more and more bewildered, allowed no thought
to enter, save the one fixed there even in delirium. The fugitives
continued to linger in this spot until it was probable that the
travellers should have arrived. True to the information they had
overheard, the forest opened at the end of the glade into a leafy
amphitheatre; an avenue was opposite, which led to the abbey gates,
whose Gothic spires, buttresses and carved arches, rose above the
tufted trees in dark masses. One end of the building was illuminated--
that was the church, and the pealing organ stole mournfully on the
night, sounding a Miserere; the chaunting of the monks mingled with
the harmonious swell, adding that pathos, that touch of solemn,
unutterable sentiment, which perhaps no music, save that of the human
voice, possesses. Richard's companions were rough-suited, vulgar-
minded; but they were Catholic and religious men, and were awe-struck
by this voice from heaven reaching them thus in their desolation; a
voice promising safety and repose to their harassed, wearied bodies.

A few steps carried them to the very spot; the bell was rung, the gate
was opened, sanctuary was claimed and afforded. Skelton sprang
forward; the other two hung back; but, on a sign from Richard, they
also passed the sacred threshold. "Farewell, my friends," he said, "a
short farewell. Astley, I charge you wait for me. Sir priest, close
the gate."

The word was said, the order obeyed, Richard was left alone in
darkness. "Now for my task--for my poor trusty fellows. The work of
murder cannot yet have begun: my life pays for all. Yet awhile bear me
up, thou fainting spirit; desert not Richard's breast till his honour
be redeemed!"

Vain prayer!--"I must repose," he thought; "it is of no avail to urge
nature beyond herself; a few minutes, and I am strong." He dismounted,
and, with a sensation of delicious relief, threw himself at his length
on the wet grass, pressing the dank herbage to his fevered brow. At
first he felt recovered; but in a few minutes strong spasms shot
through his frame; and these yielded to a feebleness, that forced him
to sink to the ground, when he endeavoured to rise: he forgot his
situation, the near abbey, his friends; he forgot wherefore, but he
remembered that his presence was required somewhere, and with a
resolved effort he rose and staggered towards his horse--he fell. "A
little sleep, and I shall be well." This was his last thought, and he
lay in a state between slumber and stupor upon the earth.


If the dull substance of my flesh were thought.
Injurious distance should not stop my way;
For then, despite of space, I would be brought
To limits far remote, where thou dost stay.

There is a terror whose cause is unrevealed even to its victim, which
makes the heart beat wildly; and we ask the voiceless thing--
wherefore, when the beauty of the visible universe sickens the aching
sense; when we beseech the winds to comfort us, and we implore the
Invisible for relief, which is to speed to us from afar? We endeavour,
in our impotent struggle with the sense of coming evil, to soar beyond
the imprisoning atmosphere of our own identity; we call upon the stars
to speak to us, and would fain believe that mother earth, with
inorganic voice, prophecies. Driven on by the mad imaginings of a
heart hovering between life and death, we fancy that the visible frame
of things is replete with oracles--or is it true? And does air and
earth, divined by the sorrow-tutored spirit, possess true auguries? At
such dread hour we are forced to listen and believe: nor can we ever
afterwards, in common life, forget our miserable initiation into the
mysteries of the unexplained laws of our nature. To one thus aware of
the misfortune that awaits her, the voice of consolation is a mockery.
Yet, even while she knows that the die is cast, she will not
acknowledge her intimate persuasion of ill; but sits smiling on any
hope brought to her, as a mother on the physician who talks of
recovery while her child dies.

The Lady Katherine had yielded to Richard's wishes, because she saw
that he really desired her absence. Alone in a monastery, in a distant
part of Cornwall, she awaited the fatal tidings, which she knew must
come at last. She was too clearsighted not to be aware, that the armed
power of a mighty kingdom, such as England, must crush at once his
ill-organized revolt. She was prepared for, and ready to meet, all the
disasters and humiliations of defeat; but not to be absent from her
husband at this crisis. She ordered horses to be kept perpetually in
readiness, that she might proceed towards him on the first intimation
of change and downfall. She watched from the highest tower of her
abode, the arrival of messengers: before she dared open her letters,
she read in their faces, what news of Richard? It was a bitter pang to
hear that Plantagenet was dangerously wounded; that the Prince had
advanced further forward, at the head of his rabble soldiers.

She had no friends, save humble ones, and very few of these: they
borrowed their looks from her, yet hoped more than she did. Quickly
she was aware of a change in them: they spoke in a low, subdued voice,
as if awe-struck by some visitation of destiny. That very day letters
arrived from the Prince: they were of ancient date, nor could she lay
his terms of endearment and cheering to her heart and be consoled. In
the afternoon a torn soiled billet was brought her from Edmund. In
spite of his wound, he had dragged himself as far as Launceston, on
his way to her. Forced to stop, he sent her tidings of all he knew--
Richard's mysterious flight, Henry's bloodless victory, the eagerness
the King expressed to learn where she was, and the dispatching of
troops in search of her. He besought her to fly. It might be hoped
that the Prince had escaped beyond sea, whither she must hasten; or
falling into his enemy's hands, she would never see him more.

Perplexed and agitated, knowing that dishonour would result from
Richard's strange disappearance, yet persuaded that he had some
ulterior view which it behoved her not to thwart, she hesitated what
step to take.

An incident ocurred to end her uncertainty. Suddenly, in the evening,
Monina stood before her. Monina came with the safety-laden Adalid, to
bear her to the shores of Burgundy. She brought the history of the
fraud practised upon York, of the ambush laid for his life, of his
escape, and the arrival immediately succeeding to hers, of his
followers at the Abbey of Beaulieu; how the pawing and trampling of a
horse at the gates had brought out the monks, who discovered the
hapless Prince senseless on the dark sod. He was carried in, and
through her care his name was entered in the sanctuary. She had
attended on his sick couch two days and nights, when his first return
to reason was to implore her to seek Katherine, to carry her beyond
Tudor's power, out of the island prison. Her father's caravel was
hovering on the coast. A favouring south-east wind bore her to these
shores: she came at his desire: the Adalid was there, and she might
sail, not to Burgundy, but even to the spot which harboured Richard.
She also could take sanctuary in Beaulieu.

The monastery in which the Duchess of York had taken refuge, was
situated on Saint Michael's Mount, not far from the Land's End. The
land projects romantically into the sea, forming a little harbour
called Mount's Bay. Towards the land the acclivity is at first
gradual, becoming precipitous towards the summit: now, at high water,
the tide flows between the rock and the land, but it was in those days
connected by a kind of natural, rocky causeway. Towards the sea it is
nearly perpendicular. A strong fortress was connected with the church;
and a stone lantern was attached to one of the towers of the church.
Not far from the castle, in a craggy and almost inaccessible part of
the cliff, is situated Saint Michael's Chair, which, on account of its
dangerous approach, and the traditions attached to it, became the
resort of the pious. Many a legend belonged to this spot. Its thick
woods, the hoar appearance of the crags, the wide spread sea, for ever
warring against the land, which had thrust itself out into the watery
space, usurping a part of its empire, made it singularly grand; while
the placid beauty of the little bay formed by the rock, and the
picturesque grouping of the trees, the straggling paths, and numerous
birds, added every softer beauty to the scene.

Often did Katherine watch the changeful ocean, or turn her eyes to the
more grateful spectacle of umbrageous words, and rifted rock, and seek
for peace in the sight of earth's loveliness. All weighed with tenfold
heaviness on her foreboding soul. For the first time, they wore to her
the aspect of beauty, when now she hoped to leave them. Hopes so soon
to fail. A south wind had borne the caravel swiftly into the bay, but
the breeze increased to a gale, and even while the ladies were making
a few hasty preparations, De Faro had been obliged to slip his
moorings, and run out to sea, to escape the danger of being wrecked on
a lee shore. With a pang of intense misery, Katherine saw its little
hull hurry over the blackening waters, and its single sail lose itself
amidst the sea foam. The mariner had even, on anchoring, anticipated a
storm; he had informed his daughter of the probability there was, that
he should be driven to seek for safety in the open sea; but he
promised with the first favourable change of wind to return. When
would this come? Fate was in the hour, nor could even Katherine school
herself to patience.

Evening shades gathered round them; the Princess growing each minute,
more unquiet and miserable, sought in some kind of activity for relief
to her sufferings. "I will go to Saint Michael's Chair," she said;
"good spirits for ever hover near the sainted spot; they will hear and
carry a fond wife's prayer to the throne of the Eternal."

In silence Monina followed the lady. They were both mountain-bred, and
trod lightly along paths, which seemed scarcely to afford footing to a
goat. They reached the seat of the rock; they looked over the sea,
whose dark surface was made visible by the sheets of foam that covered
it; the roar of waves was at their feet. The sun went down blood-red,
and, in its dying glories, the crescent moon shewed first pale, then
glowing; the thousand stars rushed from among the vast clouds that
blotted the sky; and the wind tore fiercely round the crag, and howled
among the trees. O, earth, and sea, and sky! Strange mysteries! that
look and are so beautiful even in tumult and in storm; did ye feel
pain then, when the elements of which ye are composed, battled
together? Were ye tortured by the strife of wind and wave, even as the
soul of man when it is the prey of passion? Or were ye unmoved, pain
only being the portion of the hearts of the two human beings, who,
looking on the commotion, found your wildest rage, calm in comparison
with the tempest of fear and grief which had mastery over them.

Sickened by disappointment, impatient of despair, each remained,
brooding mutely over their several thoughts.

Poor Katherine; her dearest wish was set upon sharing in all its drear
minuti the fortune of her lord, her gallant knight, her most sweet
Richard. He was her husband; he had taken her, timid yet confiding,
from the shelter of her father's roof; they had entered the young
world of hope and hazard together. Custom, the gentle weaver of soft
woman's tenderness, had thrown its silken net over her; his disasters
became hers; his wishes, and their defeat, were also hers. She only
existed as a part of him; while enthusiastic love made her fondly
cling even to the worst that betided, as better in its direst shape
than any misnamed good fortune that unlinked them. "My love, my altar-
plighted love! must I then wake and say no good day to thee; and
sleep, my rest unbenisoned by thy good night! The simple word, the we,
that symbolized our common fate, cut in two, each half a nothing, so

While Katherine thus struggled with necessity, Monina was given up to
patience. The present hour had fulfilled its fear; her busy thoughts
fashioned a thousand plans for his escape, or tremblingly painted a
dark futurity. He was a part of her being, though no portion of
herself was claimed by him. She was not his, as a lover or a wife, but
as a sister might be; if in this ill world such heart's concord could
exist: a sharing of fate and of affection, combined with angelic
purity. As easily might she fancy animal life to survive in her body
after the soul had fled, as soon imagine that the beating of her heart
could continue when the living impulse which quickened its
palpitations was still, as that he, her childhood's playfellow, the
golden dream of her youth, the shrine at which she had sacrificed that
youth, should die, and she live on in the widowed world without him.

The stars glittered over their gentle heads, and the moon went down in
the west; fitful, thread-like rays were shed upon the raging sea,
whose heady billows foamed and roared at their feet: both these fair
gentle creatures remained, careless of the wild wind that swept their
limbs, or the spray, which high as they stood, besprent their hair:
both young, both lovely, both devoted to one, yet confinding in the
reality of virtue and purity, trusting fully each other, the one
accepting the heart's sacrifice which the other unreservedly made,
they watched for the Adalid, which, a plaything of the waves, was
carried afar. Day dawned before they could resolve to quit this spot;
then they took refuge in the near monastery; and from its towers,
looked out over the sea.

A few anxious hours brought the dreaded consummation of their fears.
The ascent of a troop of horse up the steep, told Katherine that she
was discovered. Their sudden appearance before her proved that she was
a prisoner. For the first time she saw the White and Red Rose
entwined; the Earl of Oxford was announced to her as their leader, and
he soon appeared, to claim his prize.

Katherine received him with dignified sweetness; she conquered her ill
fate by smiling at its blows, and looked a Queen, as she yielded
herself a slave. The watching of the night had all disordered her
dress, and deranged her golden tresses; but her wondrous fairness, the
soft moulding of her face, her regal throat, and arched open brow,
bending over her intelligent, yet soft, blue eyes; her person
majestic, even in its slim beauty, were tokens of a spirit, that in
destitution must reign over all who approached it.

Her first words, to ease the awe-struck Earl, were an entreaty to be
conducted to the King. She showed more earnest desire than he to
present herself to her royal victor. In a very few hours, they had
descended the Mount; and hastened out of hearing of the roar of the
ocean, which had so cruelly deceived her hopes. In her eyes could only
be read the mastery she had obtained over her thoughts; no lurking
weakness betrayed fear, or even disappointment.--Surely yet she
cherished some dear expectation; yet how, lost to liberty, could she
hope to attain it?

But thus we are, while untamed by years. Youth, elastic and bright,
disdains to be compelled. When conquered, from its very chains it
forges implements for freedom; it alights from one baffled flight,
only again to soar on untired wing towards some other aim. Previous
defeat is made the bridge to pass the tide to another shore; and, if
that break down, its fragments become stepping stones. It will feed
upon despair, and call it a medicine which is to renovate its dying


For, when Cymocles saw the foul reproach
Which him appeached, pricked with noble shame
And inward grief, he fiercely 'gan approach;
Resolved to put away that loathly blame.
Or die with honour and desert of fame.

After the Prince, by the voyage of Monina, had, as he hoped, provided
for the escape and safety of the Lady Katherine, he could not, all
weak as he was, remain in repose.

From his early childhood he had been nurtured in the idea that it was
his first, chief duty to regain his kingdom; his friends lived for
that single object; all other occupation was regarded as impertinent
or trifling. On the table of his ductile boyish mind, that sole intent
was deeply engraved by every hand or circumstance. The base-minded
disposition of his rival king adorned his cause with a show of use and
the name of virtue.

Those were days when every noble-born youth carved honour for himself
with his sword; when passes at arms were resorted to whenever real
wars did not put weapons in their hands, and men exposed their breasts
to sharp-biting steel in wanton sport. Often during his green and
budding youth Richard had gloried in the very obstacles set before
him; to be cast out and forced to redeem his state, was a brighter
destiny than to be lapped in the bosom of guarded royalty. The treason
of Clifford and the sacrifice of devoted friends but whetted his
ambition; vengeance, the religion of that age, being a sacred duty in
his eyes. He had been shaken by Lord Surrey's appeal, but cast the
awakened pity off as a debasing weakness.

The painted veil of life was torn. His name had not armed the nobles
of his native land, his cause had not been trumpeted with praise nor
crowned by victory; deserted by foreign allies, unsuccessful in
Ireland, he had appeared at the head of a rabble army strong only in
wrongs and in revenge. Even these he had abandoned, and with nameless
hinds taken sanctuary; his story was a fable, his name a jeer; he no
longer, so it seemed, existed; for the appellation of Duke of York was
to be lost and merged in the disgraceful misnomer affixed to him by
the Usurper.

Richard was no whining monk to lament the inevitable, and tamely to
await the result. To see an evil was to spur him to seek a remedy: he
had given up every expectation of reigning, except such as sprung from
his right, and faith in the justice of God. But honour was a more
valued treasure; and to his warm heart dearer still was the safety of
the poor fellows abandoned by him. On the third day after his arrival
at Beaulieu, he arose from his sick couch, donned his armour, and, yet
pale and feeble, sent to speak with the cavalier who commanded the
party that guarded all egress from the Abbey. With him he held long
parley, in conclusion of which Sir Hugh Luttrel directed three of his
followers to be in readiness, and two of his chosen horses to be led
to the Abbey gates. Richard took leave of the Abbot; he recommended
his poor followers to him, and lightly answered the remonstrance of
the holy man, who thought that delirium alone could urge the fugitive
to quit the tranquil, sacred spot, where he himself passed his days in
quiet, and which held out so secure a protection to the vanquished.
His remonstrance was vain; one word weighed more with Richard than a
paradise of peace. Infamy, dishonour! No; even if his people were
safe--by throwing himself in the self-same peril to which he had
apparently exposed them, that stain were effaced. The very gentleman
to whom he had surrendered himself, had trespassed on his allegiance
to Henry to dissuade him from the fool-hardihood of his adventure. It
was a sight of pity to see one so very young walk voluntarily to the
sacrifice; and the princely mien and youthful appearance of the self-
constituted prisoner, wrought all to compassion and respect. For still
this fair White Rose was in the very opening flower of manhood; he
looked, after such variety of fortune, as if evil not only never had,
but never could tarnish the brightness of his spirit or of his aspect;
illness had a little enfeebled him, without detracting from his
youthful beauty, giving rather that softness which made it loveliness,
yet painted fairer by his self-immolating resolve.

"A sweet regard and amiable grace.

Mixed with manly sternness did appear.
and eagerness withal: for eager he was, even to almost foolish haste,
to redeem the lost hours, and establish himself again no runaway.

With fresh joy he addressed himself to retrace his steps to Taunton.
Sanctuary and refuge from death--oh! how he trampled on the slavish
thought. Death was to him a word, a shadow, a phantom to deride and
scorn, not an enemy to grapple with; disgrace was his abhorred foe,
and him he thus overthrew. His resolves, inspired by disdain of
permitting one taint to blemish his career, were not the expedients of
prudence, but the headlong exploit of daring youth. The iron must
indeed have entered our souls, and we be tamed from dear, youthful
freedom to age's humble concessions to necessity, before we can bow
our head to calumny, smile at the shafts as they rankle in our flesh,
and calmly feel that, among the many visitations of evil we undergo,
this is one we are compelled to endure.

Thus he, his gentle guide and followers, travelled towards Taunton. In
all prudence, from the moment they left sanctuary, Sir Hugh Luttrel
ought to have guarded him closely. But even the staid Sir Hugh forgot
this duty; rather was Richard the enforcer of this journey, than his
guard. Richard it was who at night halted unwillingly, Richard who
first cried to horse at morning's dawn; who, in spite of ill-weather,
resisted every delay. As they drew near their bourne, the appellation
of Perkin first met the Prince's ear; he was unaware that it had ever
been applied to him except by Henry's written proclamations. It acted
as a galling spur; for he believed, with youth's incapacity of
understanding systematized falsehood, that his presence would put to
flight the many coloured web of invention, which his rival had cast
over him to mar his truth and obscure his nobility.

After three days they drew near Taunton. The stubble fields, the
flowery hedges, the plenteous orchards were passed. From a rising
ground they looked upon the walls of the town, and the vacant moor
where his camp had stood. Richard halted, saying--"Sir Knight, I will
await you here--do you seek your King: say, I come a voluntary
sacrifice, to purchase with drops of my royal blood the baser tide of
my poor followers. I demand no more--bid him rear the scaffold; let
the headsman sharpen the axe, to lop off the topmost bough of
Plantagenet. The price I ask, is the despised lives of men, who, but
that they loved me, were incapable of merit or of crime in his eyes.
For their humble sakes, like my grandfather York, I am prepared to
die. If pledge of this be denied me, I still am free. I wear a sword,
and will sell my life dearly, though alone."

Sir Hugh Luttrel was perplexed. He knew the stern nature of his royal
master, and how heavily he would visit on him any disappointment in
his dearest wish of obtaining possession of his rival's person. The
Prince had, during their three days' companionship, gained great power
over him: he felt that he was in truth the son of Edward the Fourth, a
man he had never loved (for Sir Hugh was a Lancastrian), but one whom
he had feared and obeyed as his sovereign. How could he put slavish
force upon his gallant offspring? He hesitated, till the Prince
demanded--"Wherefore delay--is there aught else that you desire?"

"You pledge your knightly word," said Sir Hugh, "not to desert this

"Else wherefore am I here?--this is idle. Yet, so to content you, I
swear by my vow made under the walls of Granada, by our Lady, and by
the blessed Saints, I will abide here."

The knight rode into the town with his followers, leaving young
Richard impatient for the hour that was to deliver him to servitude.

Sir Hugh first sought Lord Dawbeny, requesting him to obtain for him
instant audience of the King. "His Grace," said the noble, "is at
vespers, or about to attend them."

"I dare not wait till they are said," replied Luttrel, who every
minute felt the burthen of responsibility weighing heavier on him.

"Nor I interrupt his Majesty--even now he enters the church."

In haste Sir Hugh crossed the street; and, as the King took the holy
water from the chalice, he knelt before him. The few words he spoke
painted Henry's face with exulting gladness. "We thank thee, good Sir
Hugh," he said, "and will make our thanks apparent. By the mass, thou
hast deserved well of us this day! Where hast thou bestowed our

"Please your Majesty, he awaits your Highness' acceptance of his
conditions without the eastern gate."

"You have placed strong guard over him?"

"He pledged his oath to await my return. He is alone."

A dark, angry frown chased all glee from Tudor's brow; bending a stern
glance on his erewhile welcome messenger, he commanded Lord Wells, his
cousin, to take a strong force and to seize this Duke of Runaways. Sir
Hugh, timid as he was, interfered: driven by respect for his prisoner,
and fear of what might ensue, he tried to enforce York's stipulation.
Henry looked on him with scorn, then said, "Truly, Cousin, I have
vaunted of a bloodless conquest; so let not the blood of the misborn
traitor stain our laurels, nor Sir Luttrel's Duke Perkin shed one
precious ruby drop. Say aye to all he asks; for as it seems his
demands are as foolish as himself, and need no chaffering. Tell him
that his life is safe, but bring him here; set him within our ward and
limitation: do this, while we with a Te Deum thank our Heavenly Father
for his watchful mercies. Sir Hugh, accompany our cousin, and then
wend your way whither it please you. We have no pleasure in your

Thus duped, even by his own generous proud spirit, the Duke of York
became a prisoner--delivering up his sword, and yielding himself an
easy prey to his glad victor. Once, twice, thrice, as he waited the
return of Luttrel, it had crossed his mind, not to fly, his vow being
pledged, but to remember that he was now free and unconstrained, and
would soon be in other's thrall--when farewell to the aspiring
thought, the deed of arms, and to the star of his life, to whose idea,
now his purpose was accomplished, he fondly turned!--"Poor Katherine,"
he whispered, "this is the crown, the fated, fallen youth, the seer
foretold." In after-times that scene dwelt on his memory; he called to
mind the evening-tide, for the sun was down, and the clouds, lately
gold besprent, waxing dun, as the town walls grew high and dark, and
the few trees about him waved fitfully in a soft breeze: that wind was
free, and could career over the plain; what spell bound the noble
knight and stalwart steed, that they coursed not also free as it?

In a few minutes he was a prisoner--and led within those darksome
walls. At first, treated with some observance, he was unaware, as is
the case in any new position, with whose circumstances and adjuncts we
are unacquainted, how utterly he had fallen. He was led to no barred
prison; and, for a time, the nobles and knights who flocked to see
him, were no bad exchange for the motley crew he had quitted. But, as
if in a dream, he felt gather round him impalpable but adamantine
walls--chains hung upon his limbs, not the less heavy, because the
iron pierced his soul rather than his flesh. He had been a free man;
his name was attended with love and respect, and his aspect commanded
the obedience of men. Now, the very appellation given to him was a
mortal insult; a stranger seemed to be spoken to when he was
addressed, and yet he must answer. He was never alone; and night was
the sole suspension from the insulting curiosity of the crowd. He must
forego himself; grow an impostor in his own eyes; take on him the
shameful name of Perkin: all which native honour, and memory of his
Princess bride, made trebly stinging.

To barb the dart came intelligence that the Lady Katherine was a
prisoner. King Henry had quitted Taunton, and gone towards Exeter,
when, on his arrival there, the Earl of Oxford presented the Scottish
Princess to him. Praises of her wondrous beauty became rife, brought
by some of the King's train, returned to Taunton; praises so excessive
and warm as could not have been inspired by celestial beauty in
adversity, if not egged on by some adventitious stimulant. It was the
fashion to speak of her as the Queen of Loveliness; as (for beauty's
sake the name belonged to her) the fairest White Rose that ever grew
on thorny bush. By this name she was mentioned to York; and it visited
his heart as the first gleam of sunshine on his enshadowed misery:
dear was the name of the White Rose to the fallen one. It had been his
own in fresh and happy days, when first he showed his prowess among
the knights of France and Burgundy. Still louder grew the echo of some
mighty voice, that gave forth encomium of the prisoner's bride; and
the smiles with which some spoke, smiles half of wonder half of
mockery, told of some secret charm, which at last was openly commented
upon. "Again the King saw the fair one yestermorn; and dallied ere he
granted the earnest suit she made, as if he loved so to be entreated."

"The grave King Henry caught in the net of the wanton boy! Oh, this
were subject for a ballad for the nonce."

"Blythe news for gentle Perkin; his wife thrives at court. She takes
occasion by too slender a hold, if she raise not her husband from the
kitchen to a higher place at court."

"Now we shall see our Lady, the Queen, jealous of her liege."

"Our Queen? what midsummer's dream is this? The White Rose will never
flower in our court garden."

To falsify this assertion came the next day a messenger, with command
to convey the noble prisoner with all speed to London; and for the
attendance of the Lady Cheney and the Lady Howard, two noble matrons,
to wait on the Lady Katherine, who was about to proceed to
Westminster. Smiles and whispers were interchanged; and, when to this
was added, that as much courtesy should be shewn the counterfeit youth
as might not endanger his safe keeping, the light laugh followed;
though, as if to meet and overthrow the raillery, it was added, this
was ordered for his royal wife's sake, who was cousin to England's
dear ally, the King of Scotland. These idle tales did not reach York's
ear: wherever he showed himself, he enforced such personal respect,
that there was no likelihood that any conjecture, linked with his
lady's name, would be hazarded before him. He was told that the King
entertained her royally; and when he heard that she was to be
presented to his sister, the Queen Elizabeth, a thrill of joy passed
into his heart. His sister! as a boy, he remembered the fair, kind
girl, whom he had called his loved and most sweet sister: he knew that
she was conscious of his truth, and, though wedded to his rival, loved
not her lord. It was a pleasing dream, to fancy these gentle ladies
together; to know that, while the one spoke her affection and praise,
the other must feel the kindred blood warm in her heart, and proudly,
though sadly, acknowledge him her worthy brother.


They are noble sufferers. I marvel
How they'd have looked, had they been victors, that
With such a constant nobility enforce
A freedom out of bondage.

The vulgar rabble, fond of any sort of show, were greedy of this new
one. In all parts the name of the Duke of York, of the counterfeit
Perkin, drew a concourse of gazers. The appetite was keenest in
London; and many a tawdry masque and mime was put in motion, to deck
the streets through which the defeated youth was to pass. Vainly; he
entered London at night, and was conducted privately to Westminster.
What strange thing was this? What mark of reality did his very
forehead wear, that Henry, so prodigal of contumely on his foes, dared
not bring him forward for the public gaze? One man was put in the
stocks for a similar remark; and on the following day it was suddenly
proclaimed, that Perkin would go in procession from Westminster to
Saint Pauls, and back again. A troop of horse at the appointed hour
left the Palace: in the midst of them rode a fair young gentleman,
whose noble mien and gallant bearing gave lustre to his escort: his
sweet aspect, his frank soft smile, and lively but calm manner, had no
trace of constraint or debasement. "He is unarmed--is that Perkin?
No, the Earl of Warwick--he is a prince sure--yet that is he!" Such
murmurs sped around; at some little distance followed another
burlesque procession; a poor fellow, a Cornishman, was tied to an ass,
his face to the tail, and the beast now proceeding lazily, now driven
by sticks, now kicking, now galloping, made an ill-fashioned mirth for
the multitude. Whether, as York was not to be disgraced in his own
person, the contumely was to reach him through this poor rouge, or
whether the eyes of men were to be drawn from him to the rude mummery
which followed, could only be guessed: the last was the effect
produced. Richard heard mass at St. Paul's, and returned to
Westminster unmolested by insult. It seemed but as if some young noble
made short pilgrimage from one city to the other, to accomplish a vow.
The visit of illfated Warwick to the cathedral, before the battle of
Stoke, had more in it of humiliating ostentation.

He returned to the palace of Westminster. A few weeks he spent in
mingled curiosity and anxiety concerning his future destiny. It was
already accomplished. Modern times could not present any thing more
regular and monotonous, than the way of life imposed upon him. It was
like the keeping of a lunatic, who, though now sane, might be
momentarily expected to break out in some dangerous explosion, rather
than the confining of a state-prisoner. Four armed attendants, changed
every eight hours, constantly guarded him, never moving, according to
the emphatic language of the old chroniclers, the breadth of a nail
from his side. He attended early mass each morning: he was permitted
to take one hour's ride on every evening that was not a festival. Two
large gloomy chambers, with barred windows, were allotted him. Among
his guards, he quickly perceived that the same faces seldom appeared;
and the most rigorous silence, or monosyllabic discourse was imposed
upon them. Harsher measures were perhaps spared, from respect to his
real birth, or his alliance with the King of Scotland: yet greater
severity had been less tantalizing. As it was, the corpse in the
grass-grown grave was not more bereft of intercourse with the sunny
world, than the caged Duke of York. From his windows, he looked upon a
deserted court-yard; in his rides, purposely directed to unfrequented
spots, he now and then saw a few human beings--such name could be
hardly bestowed on his stony-faced, stony-hearted guards.

Richard was the very soul of sympathy; he could muse for hours in
solitude, but it must be upon dear argument, that had for its subject
the pleasures, interests or affections of others. He could not
entertain a heartless intercourse. Wherever he saw the human
countenance, he beheld a fellow-creature; and, duped a thousand times,
and a thousand times deceived, "still he must love." To spend the hour
in sportive talk; fondly to interchange the gentle offices of domestic
life; to meet peril and endure misery with others; to give away
himself, and then return to his inner being, laden like a bee with
gathered sweets; to pile up in his store-house memory, the treasured
honey of friendship and love, and then away to nestle in the bosom of
his own dear flower, and drink up more, or gaily to career the golden
fields; such was his nature: and now--this was worse than loneliness;
this commune with the mutes of office; to be checked by low-born men;
to feel that he must obey the beck of an hireling. A month,
interspersed with hopes of change, he had endured the degradation; now
he began to meditate escape. Yet he paused. Where was Katherine? where
his many zealous friends?

The Lady Katherine was in an apartment of the Palace, whose arched and
fretted roof, and thick buttresses, were well adapted to impart a
feeling of comfortable seclusion from the rough elements without. The
dulness of dark November was gladdened by a huge wood fire. The little
Prince of Wales was narrating some strange story of fairyland; and
bluff Harry was setting two dogs to quarrel, and then beating his
favourite for not conquering, which seeing, his sister Margaret drew
the animal from him to console and caress it. The gentle Queen bent
over her embroidery. Listening she was to her favourite Arthur,
interrupting him with playful questions and exclamations, while
Katherine now kindly attended to the boy, now turned anxiously at
every sound. She rose at last: "Surely vespers are ringing from the
Abbey. My lord the King promised to see me before vespers."

"My lord the King is very gracious to you, sweet one," said Elizabeth.

"Methinks by nature he is gracious," replied the Princess; "at least,
I have ever found him so. Surely the shackles of state are very heavy,
or ere this he would have granted my prayer, which he has listened to
so oft indulgently."

The Queen smiled faintly, and again pursued her work with seeming
earnestness. Was it jealousy that dimmed the silk of her growing
rosebud by a tear--or what name shall we give to the feeling?--envy we
may not call it, she was too sweetly good--which now whispered, "Even
he, the cold, the stern, is kind to her: my brother loves her
passionately; and many a lance has been broken for her. Happy girl;
happy in adversity; while I, England's miserable Queen, am forgotten
even by my fellow-prisoner of Sheriff Hutton, poor Warwick! he might
have been my refuge: for the rest, how hard and rocky seem all human
hearts to me." Her tears now flowed fast. Katherine saw them: she
approached her, saying, "Dear and royal lady, none should weep,
methinks, but only I, whose mate is caged and kept away; none sigh but
poor Kate, whose more than life hangs on state policy; or is it for
him these tears are shed?"

Still Elizabeth wept. Accustomed to the excess of self-restraint,
timid, schooled to patience, but with the proud fiery spirit of a
Plantagenet, tamed, not dead within her, she could be silent, but not
speak by halves. The very natural vivacity of her nature made her
disdain not to have her will, when once it was awaked. She struggled
against her rising feeling; she strove to suppress her emotion; but at
last she spoke; and once again, after the ten years that had elapsed
since her mother's imprisonment, truth was imaged by her words. To
none could she have addressed herself better. The life of the Scottish
Princess had been spent in administering balm to wounded minds: the
same soft eloquence, the same persuasive counsels, that took the sting
of remorse from her royal cousin's conscience, was spent upon the
long-hidden sorrows of the neglected wife, the humbled woman. From her
own sensitive mind she culled the knowledge which taught her where and
how peace and resignation were to be found. The piety that mingled
with her talk was the religion of love; her philosophy was mere love;
and it was the spirit of love, now kindling the balmy atmosphere of
charity of many, now concentred in one point, but ever ready to soothe
human suffering with its soft influence, that dwelt upon her lips, and
modulated her silver voice. Elizabeth felt as if she had wandered long
in a wolf-haunted wild, now suddenly changed to a fairy demesne, fresh
and beautiful as poet's dream. Timidly she feared to set her untaught
feet within the angel-guarded precincts. The first effect of her new
friend's eloquence was to make her speak. After years of silence, to
utter her very inner thoughts, her woman's fears, her repinings, her
aversions, her lost hopes and affections crushed: she spent her
bitterest words; but thus it was as if she emptied a silver chalice of
its gall, to be refilled by Katherine with heavenly dew.

The weeks of baffled expectation grew into months. It is a dreary
portion of our existence, when we set our hearts upon an object which
recedes as we approach, and yet entices us on. The king's courtesy and
smiles, and evident pleasure in her society, gave birth to warm hopes
in the bosom of the princess. She had asked to share her husband's
prison; she had besought to be permitted to see him; it seemed, from
Henry's vague but consolatory answers, that to-morrow she would
receive even more than her desires. The disappointment of the morrow,
which she lamented bitterly at first, then grew into the root, whence
fresh hopes sprung again, to be felled by the cruel axe, again to
shoot forth: the sickening sensation of despair crept over her
sometimes; her very struggles to master it enfeebled her; and yet she
did conquer all but the hard purposes of the tyrant. Now a messenger
was to be despatched to Scotland; now he expected one thence; now an
embassy from Burgundy: he implored her patience, and talked back the
smiles into her saddened countenance. He was almost sincere at first,
not in his excuses, but in his desire to please her at any sacrifice;
but this disinterested wish grew soon into a mere grasping at self-
gratification. In a little while he hoped she would be persuaded how
vain it was to expect that he should set free so dangerous a rival;
and yet he did not choose to extinguish all her anticipations; for
perhaps then she would desire to return to her native country; and
Henry would have sacrificed much to keep her where he could command
her society. Thus he encouraged her friendship with the Queen, though
he wondered how one so wise, so full of reflection and reason as
Katherine, could love his feeble-minded wife.

The King underrated the talents of Elizabeth. This hapless woman had
perceived that contention was useless; she therefore conceded every
thing without a struggle. Her energies, spent upon endurance, made her
real strength of mind seem tameness; but Katherine read with clearer
eyes. We are all and each of us riddles, when unknown one to the
other. The plain map of human powers and purposes, helps us not at all
to thread the labyrinth each individual presents in his involution of
feelings, desires and capacities; and we must resemble, in quickness
of feeling, instinctive sympathy, and warm benevolence, the lovely
daughter of Huntley, before we can hope to judge rightly of the good
and virtuous among our fellow-creatures.

The strangest sight of all was to see Henry act a lover's part. At
first he was wholly subdued.

"So easy is, t'appease the stormy wind

Of malice, in the calm of pleasant womankind."

Even generosity and magnanimity, disguises he sometimes wore the
better to conceal his inborn littleness of soul, almost possessed him;
for a moment he forgot his base exultation in crushing a foe, and for
a moment dwelt with genuine pleasure on the reflection, that it was in
his power to gratify her every wish, and to heap benefits on one so
lovely and so true. When first she was presented to him, in all the
calm majesty of her self-conquering mood; her stainless loveliness had
such effect, that surely he could deny her nothing; and when she asked
that no foul dishonour should be put upon her Lord, he granted almost
before she asked: his expressions of service and care were heartfelt;
and she lost every fear as she listened. When custom, which, with man,
is the devourer of holy enthusiasm, changed his purer feelings into
something he dared not name, he continued to manifest the same
feelings, which had bested him so well at first; and to angle with his
prey. Though he scarcely knew what he wished, for a thousand worldly
motives sufficed to check any dishonourable approach, it was enough
that she was there; that, when she saw him, her countenance lighted up
with pleasure; that with the sweetest grace she addressed her
entreaties to his ear; not in abrupt demands, but in such earnest
prayer, such yielding again, to return with another and another
argument; that often he thought, even if he had wished to concede, he
would hold out a little longer, that still her sweet voice might
address him, still her stately neck be bent imploring as she fixed her
blue eyes on him.

It was very long before the artless girl suspected that he had any
other intent, but to consent at last to her supplications. As it was
as easy to him to lure her on with a greater as a lesser hope, she
even fancied that, under certain restrictions, York's freedom might be
restored; and that with him, in some remote country, she might bless
Tudor as a generous adversary. Elizabeth was afraid to discover the
truth to her, for she also dreaded to lose her, and was afraid that,
on the failure of her hopes, she would seek to return to Scotland; or
at least seclude herself from her husband's jailor. Monina first awoke
her to the truth. Monina, who had been to Brussels, to consult with
the Duchess Margaret and Lady Brampton, and who came back full of
projects for her friend's escape, heard with amazement and scorn the
false lures held out by Henry; she impatiently put aside every
inducement for delay, and with rash, but determined zeal, framed many
a scheme for communicating with him, and contriving means for his

He himself--the chained eagle--was sick at heart. No word--no breath--
no hope! Had all forgotten him? Was he, yet living, erased from the
lists of memory? Cut off from the beloved beings in whom he had
confided, through their own act--no longer a part off their thoughts,
their lives, themselves? Stood he alone in this miserable world,
allied to it by hate only--the hate borne to him by his foe? Such
gloomy misgivings were so alien to his nature, that they visited him
as cruel iron torture visits soft human flesh. That she--the life of
his life, should be false and cold! Each friend forgetful--Monina--
Plantagenet--all--all! Oh, to stretch his quivering frame upon
burning coals, had been to slumber on a bed of roses, in comparison
with the agony these thoughts administered. His calmer moods, when he
believed that, though tardy, they were true, were scarcely less
painful. Then the real state of things grew more galling: the
bluntness or silence of his keepers; their imperturbable or rude
resistance to his questions; the certainty that, if one answered
graciously--that one he should see no more. Often he felt as if he
could not endure his present position one hour longer. Fits of hope,
meditations on escape, chequered his days; so that all was not so
dark--but the transition from one emotion to another, each to end in
blank despair, tasked his mercurial soul. Patience died within him--he
might perish in the attempt, but he would be free.

Urged by Monina, by her own awakening fears, and, above all, by the
keen burning desire of her heart, the Lady Katherine became very
importunate with the crafty monarch to be permitted an interview with
her lord. Henry was in no mood to grant her request: the thousand
designs he had meditated to disgrace his victim, he had given up for
her sake, because he would not refuse himself the pleasure of seeing
her, and feared to behold aversion and horror mark an aspect hitherto
all smiles towards him. The same fear, nurtured by the expressions of
her tender affection, made him hesitate, ere he should endeavour to
convince her that she had misallied herself to an impostor. Indeed,
when at last he ventured to frame a speech bearing such a meaning, her
answer told him, that, if he could have changed the royal York into
base-born Perkin, the young and innocent wife would still cling to him
to whom she had pledged her vows; to whom she had given himself; whose
own, in heaven's and her own eyes, she unalienably was. But now Henry,
grown more callous as time elapsed, coined a new scheme, vile as his
own soul: he resolved, by acting on her woman's fears, tenderness and
weakness, to make her the instrument of persuading her lord to some
damning confession, that must stamp him as a deceiver for ever. This
bright project animated him to fresh endeavours to please, and her
with fresh hopes; yet he paused a little before he sought to execute

Winter crept on into spring, and spring ripened into summer, and still
the various actors in this tragic drama were spending their lives,
their every thought and heart's pulsation, on one object. Richard had
latterly received intimation that he would be permitted an interview
with his beloved White Rose; and a week or two more were patiently
endured with this expectation. Katherine each day believed, that on
the morrow she should see him, whom now she conversed with only in her
nightly dreams, and woke each morning to find him fled with them. Some
change approached: Henry's promises became more clear in their
expression; his assertions more peremptory; he would at last name his
conditions, which she was to communicate to her lord; even Elizabeth
almost dared to hope. Monina alone, deeply impressed with a belief in
the malice of Tudor, was incredulous, and reluctantly yielded to
Katherine's request to suspend yet a little while her plots.

Whitsuntide arrived, and Henry at last would decide. This festival was
to be spent at Shene: thither the royal family went, accompanied by
the Princess, who vanquished her disappointment at further delay, not
to appear an ingrate to the fair-promising King. Indeed, in the secure
hope she cherished of again seeing him who was her earthly paradise,
she smiled through the very heart-gushing tears expectation caused to
flow. On Whit Sunday she awoke, resolving to discard the heavy load of
anticipated evil that involuntarily weighed at her heart. She knelt at
mass, and fervently strove to resign her dearest wishes to the
direction of her God; and yet that she should see him again soon--oh!
how very soon--filled her with such dizzy rapture, that her orisons
were forgot midway--remembered, and turned to thanksgivings--till she
recollected that still her hope was unfulfilled; and fear awoke, and
with tears and prayer she again strove to ease her agitated heart.

That very night a thunder-storm roused her from slumber: with those
unexplained emotions, which, in fateful periods, make so large a
portion of our lives, she felt as if every clap spoke audibly some
annunciation which she could not interpret: as if every lurid flash
were sent to disclose a sight which yet she could not see. At length
the rain ceased, the thunder grew distant, the lightning faint; a load
was lifted from her soul; she slept, with the firm belief that on the
morrow tidings, not all evil, would be brought from London.

Some tidings surely came. What they were she was not permitted to
know. For the first time Henry made her a real prisoner; she was
carefully guarded, and none were allowed to speak to her. Overwrought
by her expectations, this seemed a frightful cruelty; and yet, where
caution was used, there must be fear: her--his enemy feared--then good
had occurred. She dared not permit her imagination to picture forth
the thing which yet was for ever present to it; and, while all else
were amazed to hear that York had escaped and fled, his lovely,
anxious wife, cut off from communication with all, knew only that she
alone was ignorant of what she would have given her life to learn.


Thou, God of winds, that reignest in the seas.
  That reignest also in the continent
At last blow up some gentle gale of ease.
  The which may bring my ship, ere it be rent.
  Unto the gladsome port of her intent.

During the winter and the untoward late spring, Richard had endured
his captivity. The warm happy summer season, calling all nature to a
jubilee, at first saddened, then animated him to contrive new projects
of escape. The promised interview with his White Rose tempted him to
delay; while an inner spirit rebelled even against this dear
enticement, and bade him fly.

On the evening of the ninth of June, he was permitted to attend
vespers in a secluded chapel of Westminster Abbey. During the short
passage from the Palace to the Cathedral, it seemed to him as if a new
life were awake every where; an unknown power, on the eve of
liberating him. Never before had he prayed so fervently for freedom:
the pealing organ, the dim arched venerable vault above, acted as
stimulants to his roused and eager soul; he stood tiptoe, as on the
eve of the accomplishment of his desire.

A deep and awful sound suddenly shook the building; a glaring, lurid
flash, filled with strange brilliancy the long, dark aisle. A clap of
thunder, loud, and swiftly repeated, reverberated along the heavens;
the shrill scream of women answered the mighty voice. The priest who
read the service, saw his sacred book glared on by so keen a flash, as
blinded him to the dimmer light that succeeded. Every being in the
church sank on their knees, crossing themselves, and striving to
repeat their paternosters and aves; while Richard stood fearless,
enjoying the elemental roar, exulting in the peal, the flash, the
tempestuous havock, as powers yet rebellious to his conqueror. Freedom
was victorious in the skiey plains; there was freedom in the careering
clouds, freedom in the sheeted lightning, freedom in the cataract of
sound that tore its way along. On his poor heart, sick of captivity
and enforced obedience, the sweet word liberty hung as a spell: every
bird and tiny fly he had envied as being free; how much more things
more powerful, the chainless destructions of nature. The voice of God
speaking in his own consecrated abode was terrible to all; soothing to
himself alone. He walked to the southern entrance of the edifice to
mark the splashing shower, as it ploughed the stones: two of his
keepers remained on their knees, paralyzed by terror; the two others
followed trembling. At that moment a louder, a far, far louder clap
burst right above them, succeeding so instantaneously the blinding
flash, that, while every object was wrapt in flame, the pavement and
fretted roof of the Abbey shook with the sound. A bolt had fallen; the
priest at the altar was struck: with mingled horror and curiosity one
of York's remaining guards rushed towards the spot; the only remaining
one was kneeling in an agony of terror. York stood on the threshold of
the porch; he advanced a few steps beyond; a new fear possessed the
fellow. "He will escape!--halloo!--James!--Martin!" The very words
imparted the thought to the Prince, who filled erewhile with wonder
and religious awe, had forgotten his own sad plight. He turned to the
man, who was doubtful whether to rush into the chapel for his
comrades, or singly to seize his prisoner--his dagger was drawn. "Put
up that foolish steel," said York, "it cannot harm one whom God calls
to freedom--listen, he speaks;--farewell!" The lightning again
flashed: with blue and forked flame it ran along the blade of the
weapon raised against him; with a shriek the man dashed it to the
earth. Richard was already out of sight.

The rain poured in torrents: it came down in continuous cataracts from
the eaves of the houses. On this sunny festival few had remained at
home; and those, terror-stricken now, were on their knees: no creature
was in the streets as the fugitive sped on, ignorant whither he should
go. London was a vast, unknown labyrinth to him: as well as he could
divine, he directed his flight eastward, and that with such velocity,
that he might compete with a horse in full career. If any saw him, as
thus with winged heels he flew along, they did not wonder that a
person should hasten to shelter out of the storm. It was of slight
regard to him, that rain and hail ploughed the earth, and continual
thunder echoed through the sky; that alone and friendless he fled
through the streets of his victor's chief city. His exulting heart,
his light, glad spirit told him that he was free; if for a few minutes
only, he would joyfully purchase with his life those few minutes'
emancipation from his frightful thraldom. No words could speak, no
thought image the supreme gladness of that moment.

Meanwhile, dark night, aided by the thick clouds which still poured
down torrents of rain, had crept over the dim twilight, and began to
imbarrier with doubt the path of the rejoicing fugitive. He found at
last, that the lines of houses receded, and that he was in an open
space, in the midst of which rose a gigantic shadow, stretching itself
in stillness and vastness on the summit of the rising ground before
him;--it was the Cathedral of St. Paul's. Now, cloaked by the dark and
inclement night, he began to reflect on his actual situation: London
might swarm with his partizans, but he knew not where to find one.
Probably all those who were occupied by his fate resided in
Westminster, whence he had precipitately fled; whither assuredly he
would not return. These reflections perplexed him, but in no way
allayed his transport at finding himself free; he felt that if he
wandered to the wide fields, and died of hunger there, it were bliss
enough to see the sky "unclouded by his dungeon roof;" to behold the
woods, the flowers, and the dancing waves; nor be mocked with man's
shape, when those who wore it had sold man's dearest privilege--that
of allowing his actions to wait upon the free impulses of his heart.

Still therefore he hurried along, and finally became completely
bewildered in some swampy, low fields, intersected by wide ditches.
The night was pitchy dark; nor was there any clue afforded him, by
which he could even guess whether he might not be returning on his
path. Suddenly a small ray of light threaded the gloom; it went and
came, and at last remained stationary. With wavering will and
irregular steps the Prince proceeded towards it; for he would rather
have died where he stood, than discover himself, so to fall again into
captivity. Once or twice he lost sight of this tiny earth-star, which
evidently shone through some low casement; and, as at last he caught
sight of the solitary miserable hut where it was sphered, the
recollection of his former asylum, of ill-fated Jane Shore's penurious
dwelling, flashed across him; with speedy, reassured pace he hurried
on, leaping a ditch that obstructed his path, careless of every
physical obstacle, when the malice of man was no longer to be
apprehended. "Poor Jane!" he ejaculated: and again he reflected with
some wonder that, in every adversity, women had been his resource and
support; their energies, their undying devotion and enthusiasm, were
the armour and weapons with which he had defended himself from and
attacked fortune. Even one so fallen and so low as poor Jane Shore,
was, through the might of fidelity and affection, of more avail than
all his doughty partizans, who, in the hour of need, were scattered
and forgetful.

The low-roofed cot was before him unmistaken. The crevice whence the
light emanated was too small to admit his enquiring glance; amid the
driving, pattering rain he fancied that he distinguished voices
within; but, with a boldness which bade him fear nothing, he lifted
the latch, and beheld in truth a sight of wonder;--Monina, with a
shriek started from her seat; she folded him with wild joy in her fair
arms, and then, blushing and trembling, threw herself on the neck of
Lady Brampton; and Jane herself rose from her couch of straw, more
wan, more emaciated than ever;--yet even over her sad pale face a
smile wandered, shewing in yet more ghastly hues the ruin it

Questions, ejaculations, wonder and delight, burst from every lip: "He
is here to our wish; the means of escape are secured, and he is here!
Oh, dearest Lady Brampton, do not the blessed angels guard him?"
Monina spoke, and her soft luminous eyes were fixed on him, as if not
daring to believe the vision; it was not the chastened delight of age,
but the burning, ardent joy of a young heart, who had but one thought,
one desire, and that about to be accomplished; her flushed cheeks
betokened her rapture: "I have repined, despaired, almost blasphemed;
yet he is here: how good is Almighty God! Listen, dear my Lord, how
wondrously opportune your arrival is: Lady Brampton will tell you all.
Oh, this new miracle is the blessed Virgin's own achievement--you are

Scarcely less animated, the zealous lady detailed the circumstances
that united so favourably for him. She had been for some time at
Brussels with the Duchess Margaret, who was more grieved than could be
imagined at the capture of her beloved nephew. She lived in a state of
terror on his account. That his life was awhile spared, availed little
to pacify her; the midnight murders and prison-assassinations, so rife
during the wars of York and Lancaster were present to her imagination.
She exhausted every device, every bribe, to gain partizans for him to
achieve his freedom. Among others, most liberal of promises, was the
false Clifford. After Richard had escaped from him in the New Forest,
he fell in with Frion, whose double plot being defeated, he strove to
capture and accuse the accomplice whom, in fact, he had deceived. The
Knight fled; he escaped to the Low Countries; and by a glozing tale
easily gained the ear of the Duchess. Lost in England, perhaps he
wished to rebuild his fallen fortunes; aided by her munificence,
perhaps he prepared some new treachery: however it might be, he was
trusted, and was the soul of the present enterprise. De Faro's vessel,
refitted and well manned, was now anchored in the mouth of the Thames.
Clifford undertook the task of foisting some creature of his own, or
even himself, disguised, of undertaking the part of one of Richard's
keepers, when he doubted not to be able to secure his flight.

With her usual vivacity Lady Brampton gave this account; but no
explanations on her part could dissipate the horror York felt at the
name of Clifford, or inspire him with any thing but distrust of his
intentions. Monina, before silenced by her sanguine associates, now
gave expression to the terror and abhorrence his interference
occasioned; she had come, exposing herself to a thousand perils and
pains, merely that she might watch over his acts, and awaken her too
credulous friends to a knowledge of his duplicity. But the danger was
past; before Clifford could know that he had escaped, York might reach
the Adalid.

Almost as an answering echo to these words there was a sound of
hurrying steps. "It is he: the traitor comes. Oh, bar the door!" There
was no bar, no mode of securing this dwelling of penury; three women
alone were his guard: Monina, pale and trembling; Lady Brampton,
endeavouring to reassure her; while Richard stood forward, his gaze
fixed on the opening door, whose latch was already touched, resolved
to meet, with perfect show of frank reliance and intrepidity, the

Sir Robert Clifford entered. Confusion, attempted boldness, and, last,
sullen malice painted his aspect when he beheld the Prince. He was
much changed, and looked almost an old man; his dark and profuse hair
was grizzled; his grey eyes hollow; and his dress, though that of a
cavalier, exhibited signs of habitual neglect. His person, always
slight, had been redeemed from insignificance by its exquisite grace
and elegance; every trace of this was flown; and his haggard
countenance and diminutive size made even York scarcely credit that
this was indeed the gay, reckless Robin. His resolve had been already
made; he addressed him kindly, saying, "Sir Robert, I hear that you
are willing to renew to me your broken vows: may you hereafter keep
them more faithfully."

Clifford muttered a few words; he looked towards the door, as if
desirous of escape; he struggled with shame, guilt, and some other
emotion. As soon as a consultation began as to the means to be adopted
for the Prince to reach the sea in safety, he conquered himself,
entering into it with spirit and zeal. The plan he proposed was
crafty, his own part in it the principal. He spoke of disguising the
prince as a female attendant on Monina; of his and O'Water's
accompanying them along the river banks as soon as daylight.

"And wherefore not now? Or rather, wherefore even now do we not hasten
to the Thames, and seize a boat?"

"Because," said Clifford, interrupting Monina, "his Highness's flight
is already known; a line of boats intersects the Thames below London
Bridge; and lower still every craft is on the alert."

Each one exchanged looks; the Knight continued: "You all distrust me,
and I wonder not. I am in your power now; here are my unarmed hands;
even a woman may bind them. Go forth yourselves; seek the path to the
sea: before an hour elapses the Duke will be again a prisoner. You may
in this wild spot plant your daggers in my heart to avenge, but that
will not save him; for I have no power here. But set me free, confide
to my care, and, by the God that made me, he walks the deck of the
Adalid ere the setting sun. I could tell you how this can be, and ye
would not the more trust me, if I spoke of such alliance with, such
power over, the rogues and vagabonds of this saintly city, as enables
me to move strange engines to execute my will; even if you credited
me, you would disdain that your hero should owe his life to such base
means. Be it as you will: believe me; and I pledge my life that his
Grace will ride the dancing waves beyond King Henry's reach to-morrow

"I accept the pledge," replied York, who had eyed him earnestly as he
spoke. "I commit myself to your care; act speedily, without fear of
balk or suspicion on my part."

Clifford's lips curled into a triumphant smile; because again he was
trusted, or because again he would betray, it was hard to divine. "I
must beseech your patience in the first place," said Sir Robert: "I
cannot get the fitting disguises during the night."

"Night is no more," replied Richard, throwing open the casement; and
the dusky room was illuminated by the day. In the east there was a
very fountain of light, which, welling up, flooded the flecked and
broken clouds with rosy hues: the stars were gone; a soft azure peeped
between the breaking vapours; the morning air was deliciously fresh;
the birds chirped; a distant watch-dog barked. Otherwise all was
silent; and security seemed to walk the earth.

"I will go seek the needful dresses," said Clifford. "Your Grace will
await my return, even though my stay, lengthened beyond my
expectation, give some reason for the distrust I read in every eye."

"It is but too natural," said the Prince, "that my kind friends should
suspect you; for myself, I have said the word; I place myself in your
hands: half measures were of no avail. If indeed you are a traitor,
bring Tudor's hirelings here to seize their prey. I cannot fear; I
will not doubt; and, if in my soul any suspicion lurk, my actions
shall not be guided by it. Go; let your return be speedy or otherwise,
I await you here."

Scarcely had the door closed, when Monina, whose eyes had been fixed
on Clifford's countenance during the whole scene, exclaimed:--"This
moment is our own! Fly, my Prince; trust me--I know that bad man; if
he find you here when he returns, you are lost."

"Hist!" Jane spoke the word, and a dead silence fell upon the anxious
band. The steps of a horse were heard: Monina flew to the casement.
"It is our faith Irish friend, my Lord; it is O'Water." The door was
opened; and each one crowded round the visitant. He uttered a "By the
mischief!" which sounded like a benediction, when he saw the Duke of
York, adding, "all is well, all in readiness; I left the Adalid, after
the storm yester evening, in safe anchorage."

"Oh yes, safety," cried the enthusiastic Spaniard; "safety or death!
Trust not false Clifford--seize the fleeting, precious opportunity--
O'Water's horse--"

"Is blown," said Richard, "he cannot carry me."

"And the ways strangely beset," said the Mayor. "Just now I saw a
young gentleman seized, much to his annoyance, by some patrol. He
bribed dearly, but they would not listen--the whole country is

"I will wait for Clifford," continued York; "and trust in providence.
Some kind friend only bestow a dagger on me: I would not be taken like
an unarmed girl."

"A tramp of steeds--they are coming, Clifford guides them hither; we
are lost!" cried Lady Brampton.

"Oh, fly--fly--my liege," said O'Water, "expose not these women to the
assault. Poor Rose Blanche can yet bear you fast and far."

The sound as of a troop of horse neared. The Prince saw O'Water
blocking up the casement, and then draw his sword. Monina, wild with
agony, fell at his feet:--"Fly, my Lord, fly for the Lady Katherine's
sake: fly for mine own: must I see you die? I, who have lived--alas!
how vainly. Lady Brampton--beseech--command--he must fly. O, they
will be here--to seize, to murder him!"

"Here is my dagger, my lord," said O'Water coolly;--"Defend yourself--
meanwhile--now at our last hour--for surely it is come, Our Lady
recommend us to God's holy grace."

The gallop of a troop grew yet more distinct; Richard looked round:
Jane was kneeling, her face buried in her hands: Lady Brampton pale,
but resolved, was ready to sacrifice the life she had spent for him.
O'Water had resigned himself to the final act of a life of peril,
sealed in his blood. The lovely Spaniard alone lost all her self-
possession; tears streaming from her uplifted eyes; her arms twined
round his knees: to fly--fly! was the only thought she could express.
"I yield," said York; "throw open the door." O'Water's horse had been
led within the hut; he vaulted on his back; he placed the dagger in
his belt. "That way," Lady Brampton cried, "it leads to the river's
side below."

A scream from Monina followed his swift departure. "He perishes--he
betrays us!" cried O'Water. Richard galloped on; not across the fields
away from town, but right into danger; there, whence the troop was
certainly approaching. He was lost to view on the instant, in a
straggling lane which stretched out half across the field. A moment
after, coming from the other side, unobserved till in the hut,
Clifford entered alone. He bore a large bundle; his steps were
cautious and swift; his look told that he was intent only on the
object of his errand. "I have succeeded beyond my hope. My life on it
all is safe. Where have ye hid the Prince? Oh, prithee, fear not, nor
trifle: each second is precious."

The confused, wondering looks of all present replied to him. Clifford
laughed, a short, sarcastic, bitter laugh: and then, with a fiendlike
expression of face, he said, "The Prince has done well; and ye have
all done well: and his Grace will thank you anon. Ye grudge me, maybe,
the Duchess Margaret's bounty. She promised largely; 'twere pity to
share the boon among so many. Now mark the event!"

These words displayed the baseness of his motive, yet vouched for his
sincerity. He threw a menacing glance around, and then quitted the
hut; and with hurried pace hastened across the field towards the town.


Full many a glorious morning have I seen.
Flatter the mountain tops with sovereign eye.
Kissing with golden face the meadows green;
Gilding pale streams with heavenly alchemy;
Anon, permit the basest clouds to ride
With ugly rack on his celestial face.

The Duke of York, urged so earnestly to fly, felt that to do so was to
save himself at the expense of his friends, on whom Henry's vengeance
would severely fall, when he found himself balked of his victim. He
consented to leave Jane Shore's abode, with the resolve not of
effecting his escape, but of securing, by surrendering himself, the
safety of his defenceless adherents united under her lowly roof. He
directed his course as he believed into the very centre of danger,
entering the narrow straggling street whence the sound of the advance
of the troop of horse had been heard. He entered the lane; it was
empty. The ominous sounds were still sharp and near; it seemed as if
they were in some street parallel to the one which he threaded. He
turned at right angles into another, to reach the spot; again he
turned, led by the baffling noise, in another direction. It was just
four in the morning; there were but few abroad so early: he saw a monk
gliding stealthily from under a dark archway, and a poor fellow, who
looked as if he had slept beneath heaven's roof, and had not
wherewithal to break his fast. True to the kindly instincts of his
nature, Richard felt at his girdle for his purse; it was long since he
had possessed the smallest coin of his adversary's realm. "I, a
Prince!" his feeling had been more bitter, but that his fingers came
in contact with his dagger's hilt, and the conviction of freedom burst
with fresh delight upon him. Free, even in spite of his intents; for
the tramp which had gradually grown fainter, was dying absolutely

They had probably reached the hut: thither he must return. It was no
easy thing to find his way to it, he had so entangled himself in the
narrow lanes, and wretched assemblages of dwellings huddled together
on the outskirts of London. At length they opened before him; there
was the dingy field, there the hut, standing in quiet beneath the rays
of the morning sun, of the opening, summer, soft, sweet day. He was
quickly at its threshold; he entered. Jane was within, alone, seated
in her wooden chair; her hands clasped; her pale face sunk on her
bosom: big tears were gathering in her eyes, and rolling down her
faded cheeks unheeded. Jane's aspect was usually so marble (a
miraculous chiseling of resigned hopelessness,) her mien so unbending,
that these signs of emotion struck the Prince with wonder and

He knelt at her feet and pressed her thin, but little hand to his
lips, saying, "Mother, where are my friends? Mother, bless me before I

She dried the drops raining from her eyes, saying in a voice that
expressed how occupied she was by her own emotion, "I am a sinful
woman; well do these tones remind me of the same: those days are
quite, quite gone, even from the memory of all; but once they were as
the present hour, when so he spoke, and I was lost, and still am lost;
for, through hunger, and cold and shame, I love, and cannot quite
repent. Will the hour ever come when I can regret that once I was

Many, many sad years had passed since words like these had dropped
from poor Jane's lips; her feelings fed on her, possessed her, but she
had been mute; overflowing now, her accent was calm; she spoke as if
she was unaware that her thoughts framed speech, and that she had an

"You have paid a dear penalty, and are surely forgiven," said York,
striving in his compassion to find the words that might be balm to

"Prince," she continued, "some time ago,--I have lost all date; now
the chasm seems nought, now a long eternity; it was when my poor heart
knew nothing of love save its strong necessity and its delight;
methought I would see your father's fair offspring, for I loved them
for his sake. At the festival of Easter I placed myself near the gate
of the royal chapel: I thought to be unseen. The happy Queen held her
sons each by the hand; you were then, as now, his image, a little
sportive blue-eyed cherub. The Prince of Wales had his mother's look;
her large, dark eye, her soft, rosy mouth, her queenlike brow; her
beauty which had won Edward, her chaste sweetness, which had made her
his wife; my presence, I thought to conceal it better, was revealed.
The Queen turned her face away; there was anguish surely written
there, for the Prince darted on me a look of such withering scorn--
yes, even he--his stainless, fair brow was knit, his bright angel's
face clouded: the look sunk in my heart. Edward's beautiful, pure
child reproved me, hated me: for three days I felt that I would never
see the deluder more: you do not share his abhorrence; you do not hate
the pale ghost of Shore's wife?"

Such clinging to the past, such living memory of what was so
absolutely dead to all except herself, awe-struck the Prince, "We are
all sinners in the eye of God," he said, "but thy faults are surely
forgiven thee, gentle one; thy tears have washed every trace away, and
my brother, my poor murdered Edward, now blesses thee. Alas! would
that I could soften this last stage of your suffering earthly life."

"'Tis better as it is," she answered hastily, "once I felt disgrace
and privation keenly; perhaps that may atone. Now, would it were more
bitter, that so I might wean myself from him whose very memory will
lose my soul. You are good, and Our Lady will requite you. Now,
listen, the damsel Monina and Master O'Water have gone towards
Southend: your remaining friends watch for you here. I shall see them
again to-night: meanwhile it is to be feared that Clifford plots
vengeance, and you must fly; you must at every hazard go towards
Southend. Beyond the town, on the lone sands, there is a wooden cross,
telling where one escaped dreadful peril through the might of Him who
died on it for us; the smallest sign, the waving of your cap, will be
watched for by the Adalid, they will send a boat to take you on board.
Now swiftly depart: your life hangs on the hour; this purse will
furnish you with means: Lady Brampton left it for you."

"Bless me, mother, ere I go."

"Can a sinner's blessing avail? fear rather that God punish me through
you, where my heart is garnered. Oh, may he indeed bless and save you;
and I shall die in peace."

He kissed her withered hand and was gone; she dragged her failing
limbs to the casement; he was already lost among the straggling
tenements that bounded her field.

Again York was flying from his foe; again studying to elude pursuit,
with how different feelings. Before, his flight was peremptory, for
the preservation of others, while he blindly longed to deliver himself
to slavery. Now liberty, for its own dear sake, was worth the world to
him. He had tasted to its dregs the misery of captivity, and loathed
the very name; whatever might betide, he would never submit willingly
again to one hour's thraldom. He felt his dagger's hilt; he drew it
from the sheath, and eyed its polished blade with gladness; for eight
months he had been living unarmed, under the perpetual keeping of
armed jailors; what wonder that he looked on this sharp steel as the
key to set him free from every ill.

He got clear of the town: the open sky, the expanse of summer--adorned
earth was before him. It was the "leafy month of June;" the far spread
corn-fields were getting yellow; and on their weltering surface played
the shadows of a few clouds, relics of the last night's storm: the sun
was bright, the breeze balmy, already the very foot-paths were dry,
and scarcely from its inmost leaves did any tree shake moisture: yet
there was a freshness in the scene, a lightness in the air, the gift
of tempest. The dazzling sun rose higher, and each island-vapour sunk
on the horizon; the garish light clothed all things; the lazy shadows
crept up around the objects which occasioned them, while both object
and its shade seemed to bask in the sunshine. Now over head the
meeting boughs of trees scarce sufficed to shield him from the
penetrating glare; now in the open path he was wholly exposed to it,
as his diminished shadow clung almost to the horse's hoofs. The birds
twittered above; the lazy mare was stretched basking, while her colt
gamboled around; each slight thing spoke of the voluptuous indolence
of summer, and the wafted scent of hay, or gummy exhalation of
evergreens, distilled by the warm noon, fed with languid sweets every
delighted sense. If paradise be ever of this world it now embowered
Richard. All was yet insecure; his White Rose was far; but nature
showered such extasy on him that his whole being was given up to her
influence. Latterly the form of man had been ever before his aching
sight under the aspect of an enemy; the absence of every fellow-
creature he hailed with gladness--free and alone, alone and free! With
the pertinacious dwelling on one idea, which is characteristic of
overpowering feeling, this combination of words and ideas haunted his
thoughts, fell from his lips, and made a part of the soul-subduing
rapture now his portion.

May it be added--we must address the unhappy and imaginative, who know
that the future is so linked with the present as to have an influence
over that present, when we add--that the intensity of the liberated
Prince's feelings was wrought even to pain, by its being the last time
that unalloyed delight would ever be his--the last when he might feel
himself the nursling of nature, allied by the bond of enjoyment to all
her offspring. He knew not this himself. Immersed in the sense of all
that he now possessed, he did not pause to reflect whether this were
the last time, that he, the victim of chance and change, might ever
see the waving corn or shadowy trees, or hear the caroling birds, or
the murmurs of the fresh free brooks gurgling round some pendant bough
or jutting stone; but that so it was to be, gave poignancy to his
pleasure, a dreamy halo to the whole scene.

It would appear, in spite of the precautions taken by his enemy, that
the north bank of the Thames had been neglected. Richard met with no
impediment in his progress. Whenever he caught a sight of the river,
he perceived unusual signs of activity. Little wherries shot hither
and thither on its surface, revealing to him that keen and vigilant
search was being made. Meanwhile he rode on, the broad stream for his
guide, avoiding towns and villages. He ventured to purchase bread at a
lone farmhouse--he alighted in a little grove beside a rivulet, to
rest his tired horse, and to refresh himself. The summer heat recalled
Andalusia to his mind; and scenes and objects quite forgotten,
wandered from their oblivious recesses back into his recollection. "My
happy boyhood! My beloved Spain! Why did I leave the land of beauty,
where with Monina--?" The idea of her whose fate was so inextricably
linked with his, of his bride, who had quitted her palace home to
share his adversity, reproached him. But his imagination could not fix
itself on bleak Scotland, its wild haunts, its capricious king: it
could only build another bower among the folds of the mountains of
Andalusia, and place his White Rose therein.

Again he pursued his way. The slant beams of the descending sun were
yet more sultry, but it sank swiftly down; now casting gigantic
shadows, bathing the tree tops in golden dew, and flooding the clouds
with splendour; now it was gone, and the landscape faded into a brown
mellow tint. The birds' last chirp was given, the beetle winged her
noisy flight, the congregated rooks had flown to the belfry of the
church, or to their nests in the church-yard trees; silence and
twilight crept up from the sedgy banks of the river, leaving the pale
water alone to reflect the struggling farewell of day. In a little
time the banks shelved away, giving place to broad yellow sand.
Richard ventured to bend his course along the beach. There was a bark
upon the dim tide, whose progress he had watched since noon, whose
flapping or full sails were the signs by which he foretold the
prosperity of his destined voyage. Now with swelling canvas it walked
swiftly over the water.

He passed South End. He perceived the tall rough-hewn cross. Two
figures were seated at its foot. He hesitated, but quickly perceiving
that one was a woman, he proceeded onwards. The stars were out; the
very west was dim; in the offing there was a vessel, whose build and
tall slender masts he thought he recognized. The broad expanse of calm
ocean was there, whose waves broke in tiny ripplets on the beach. He
reached the cross. O'Water and Monina saw his approach. The Irishman
welcomed him boisterously, in his own language. Monina uttered a
benediction in Spanish. The scene was solitary and secure. Every
danger was past. There floated the caravel which ensured escape, and
the stars alone witnessed their flight. Monina gave her white veil to
O'Water, who contrived to elevate it on the cross. In a few moments
the splash of oars was heard, and a dark speck floated towards them on
the waves, from the direction of the Adalid. "They come; you are
safe," murmured his lovely friend; "this hour repays for all." The
boat was already on the beach: a seaman leaped on shore. "The White
English Rose," he said: such was the word agreed upon; and, hailing
it, Monina hurried to embark with her companions. The little boat was
pushed from shore. O'Water gave vent to his delight in a shout, that
resembled a yell. Monina crept close to the Duke of York: that he was
safe was a truth so dear, so new, that she forgot every thing, save
her wish to assure herself again and again that so it was. At that
moment of triumph, something like sadness invaded Richard: he had
quitted the land for which his friends had bled, and he had
suffered,--for ever: he had left his Katherine there, where all was
arrayed against him for his destruction. This was safety; but it was
the overthrow of every childish dream, every youthful vision; it put
the seal of ineffectual nothingness on his every manhood's act.

While each, occupied by their peculiar reveries, were aware only that
they were being borne onwards on the waves, a smaller boat shot
athwart their bows, and a voice exclaimed in Spanish, "Desdichados,
estais all?"

"My father--we are betrayed," Monina cried: and she threw her arms
round Richard, as if by such frail guard to shelter him--another
stronger grasp was upon his arm as he endeavoured to rise--a voice,
husky from passion, yet still Clifford's voice, muttered, "The day is
mine--you--she--all are mine!"

"Thou fell traitor! What ho! De Faro to the rescue!" already the
mariner had thrown a grappling iron--already the Adalid was in motion
towards them. Clifford strove to draw his sword. York was upon him in
mortal struggle; his keen dagger, unsheathed, uplifted; the boat
lurched--his arm descended, but half the force of the intended blow
was lost, while both fell overboard. The crew rushed to the boat's
side to loosen the grappling iron, which concluded its upset. De Faro,
who stood high on the bows of his own boat, had seized Monina. Now
another larger skiff was seen approaching, "To your oars!" cried the
Moor: they shot swiftly towards the Adalid, and while the sea became
alive with craft, they reached the little caravel, who turning her
canvass to the wind, dropped down the tide.


"Your love and pity doth th' impression fill.
Which vulgar scandal stamped upon my brow;
For what care I who calls me well or ill.
So you o'erskreen my bad--my good allow?

On the fourth day of her restraint, imprisonment it could hardly be
called, Lady Katherine was brought up to Westminster; she was carried
in a close litter, and no familiar face or accustomed attendant came
near. Her anxiety, her anguish weighed intolerably upon her--sleep had
not visited her eyes; she lived in perpetual terror that each sound
was freighted with fatal tidings. It was in vain that even reason bade
her nourish hope--a stronger power than reason dwelt in her heart,
turning all its yearnings to despair.

As she approached the city she thought each step must reveal the truth
of what she was to suffer. Lo! the palace was entered--her habitual
chamber--silence and solitude alone manifested that some change was
even now in its effect; she had no tears to spend upon her grief; her
changing colour, her quickened respiration shewed that every faculty
was possessed by terror. Two hours, each minute stretched to a long
long century, two hours passed, when a little scroll was delivered to
her; it came from the Queen, and contained these words, "My White
Rose! the tempest has past--leaving, alas, devastation: we yet remain
to each other--come--"

These expressions spoke the worst to her fear-stricken mind--no
subsequent agony might ever compare to the pang, that made her very
life-blood pause in her failing heart at that moment. Had the present
and the future become void for him, to whom she was wedded heart and
soul?--wedded in youth, when our hopes stretch themselves not merely
to to-day and to-morrow, but even to eternity. In this state of human
woe, we do not describe the disheartening and carking sorrows of those
who lag on life's high way--but the swift, poignant, intolerable
agonies of the young, to whom the aspiration for happiness is a
condition of being. The Queen had been accustomed to witness and
admire Katherine's self-command and quiet fortitude; she was awe-
struck on beholding the devastation of the last four days, and the
expression of wild horror on her soft features. With feminine instinct
she read her heart, her first words were, "Sweet love, he lives--and
he will live--his life is spared, and we may still hope."

Tears at last flowed from the mourner's eyes, as she asked, "What then
will be his fate?--Shall I ever see him more?"

"How can we guess the hidden purposes of the King? By your enforced
solitude you have escaped his scowling brow, his violence, his
sarcasms; again he smiles. My gentle Kate, my sweet courageous
sufferer, hitherto we have played with the lion's fangs--they are
unsheathed in anger now--let us prepare: he will be here anon."

The Princess desired not to exhibit too humiliating a spectacle of
misery to her cruel foe--she checked her weeping--she endeavoured to
forget the burning agony that tortured her beating heart. "Let him but
live; let me but once more see him;" and the unbidden tears flowed
again. The King soon broke in upon them; his look was haughty even to
insolence: an expression of vulgar triumph was in his eyes, that
baffled the eager scanning gaze of the hapless Princess. He said,
scoffingly, (and was it in man's nature, or only in Henry's, to look
on the sad, but lovely countenance of his victim, and to mock her
woe?) "We congratulate you, Lady, on the return of the gentle Perkin
to our good city of Westminster--do not weep--he is in safe keeping
now, very safe--it is no feathered shoe our Mercury wears this day."

"Holy Virgin!" cried Katherine, "your Grace does not surely mean--"

"Fear not--he lives," continued Henry, his scorn growing more bitter
as he spoke; "he lives, and shall live, till the White Rose
acknowledge on what base stock she is grafted, or he twist the rope by
some new sleight. Is Perkin's honoured dame satisfied?"

"Oh no, no, no; some covert meaning you have; in pity for a woman
speak." The agony her countenance expressed, was the mute echo of the
frightful idea that convulsed her frame. "Oh, let me see him! you have
tormented me too cruelly; even if my worst fears prove true, he
suffers not more than I; and can it be that the young limbs of my own
loved Richard are put to torture!"

Elizabeth grew ashy white; the King listened with a sarcastic smile,
saying, "I had not thought of that; you are a silly girl to mention
such things."

"I do not believe you," exclaimed the Princess, "your looks bely your
words; let me but see him afar off, let me catch a glimpse of my
princely love--is he in the Tower?"

"Neither the Tower, nor any royal palace detains your lord; he is
taking the air, pleasantly I hope, in the high places of our town. To
finish this war of words, and your incredulity, will you visit your
prince of plotters, and behold him on whom the King of Scotland
bestowed your virgin hand?"

"See him! Oh, even in death to clasp his decaying limbs were better
than this absence!"

An indefinable expression passed over Henry's countenance as he
replied, "Be it as you wish; you must hasten, for in an hour the
occasion will be past; it is but a few steps; you shall be attended."

At last she was to see him; this assurance filled and satisfied her;
there was no place in her heart for any other thought, sinister as
were her torturer's looks. Her eyes grew bright, her cheek resumed its
vermeil tint, never had she looked more lovely; it was a dazzling
beauty; one of those ineffable expressions, which, unless language
could express music, or painting image fire, it is in vain to attempt
to describe: an irradiation of love passed over her countenance; her
form; something like it dwells in Raphael's Madonna's and Guido's
Angel of Annunciation,--Henry was awestruck, yet did not falter in his
purpose; he let the bright angel go forth on her mission of good and
love, to meet on her way a sight fiends might rejoice over. Human life
and human nature are, alas! a dread, inexplicable web of suffering and
of infliction.

In Westminster, in sight of the Abbey where his ancestors had been
crowned kings, the spectacle intended to be so opprobrious, was set
forth. Henry, in his angry fear on his escape, in his exultation at
his re-capture, forgot the soft tyranny of Katherine's looks; or
rather he despised himself for the obedience he had yielded to them;
and, in the true spirit of baseness, was glad to revenge on her the
ill effects that had resulted to him through his involuntary
enslavement. It was a triumph to him to disgrace the object of her
care, for he was ill read, his understanding affording him no key to
the unknown language, in that illuminated page of the history of
feminine excellence, which tells the delight she feels in exhausting
her treasures of devoted love on the fallen, because they need it
most: he believed, that to present her husband to her, under the very
infliction of ignominy, would turn her affection to cold disdain--he
permitted her to go. Attended by some of the body guard and a
gentleman usher, she hastened through the courts of the palace into
the open square: there was assembled a crowd of common people, hushed
to universal silence: at a distance from the centre some were talking
aloud, and the name of "Perkin" was the burthen of their speech; but
pity stilled those nearest to the spot, towards which, to the surprise
and horror of all, she hastened. The crowd instinctively closed to bar
her advance; and, when forced to make way, in spite of the despotism
of the times, the word "Shame" burst from the lips of many, especially
the women. She was agitated by the obstacles, by the numerous
uncourtly eyes turned on her; still she went on, and soon saw--

She understood not what--a kind of wooden machine in which the lord of
her heart sat. There had been a time when pride and royal majesty of
soul had shed such grandeur over York, that, when exposed as a show,
he had excited reverence, not scoffing. Now he was evidently labouring
under great physical suffering; his brow was streaked with mortal
paleness, his cheeks were colourless; his fair hair fell in disordered
ringlets round his youthful but wan countenance; he leaned his head
against the side of the machine; his eyes were half shut; it was not
shame, but suffering, that weighed upon their lids, and diffused an
air of languor and pain over his whole person. Katherine hastened
towards him, she knelt on the unworthy earth at his side, she kissed
his chained hands. "You are ill, my love; my ever dear Richard, what
has happened? for you are very ill."

Rouzed by such music from the lethargy that oppressed him, yet still
overcome, he replied, "Yes; and I do believe that all will soon end,
and that I am stricken to the death."

She grew pale; she called him cruel; asking him how he could dream of
leaving her, who was a part of him, alone in the desolate world.
"Because," he answered with a faint smile, "the world is kind to all,
save me. No taint, dear love, attaches itself to your name; no ill
will mark your fate, when you are no longer linked to such a thing as
I. God has spoken, and told me that this earth is no dwelling for one,
who, from his cradle to this last shame, has been fortune's step-
child, and her despised toy. How often have I been dragged to the
utmost verge of life: I have felt indignation, anger, despair: now I
am resigned; I feel the hand of the Mighty One on me, and I bow to it.
In very truth, I am subdued; I sleep away the weary hours, and death
will end them all."

With every expression of tenderness, Katherine endeavoured to recall
him to life and to herself. She spoke of another escape, which it
would be her care to achieve, of the solitude, of the paradise of love
they would enjoy together. "My poor girl," he replied, "teach your
young heart to seek these blessings apart from me: I were the very
wretch Tudor stigmatizes me, could I live under a memory like this.
Forget me, my White Rose; paint with gaudier colours the sickly emblem
of my fortunes; forget, that, duped by some strange forgery, you were
wedded to--Perkin Warbeck."

In spite of himself large drops gathered in his eyes, swelling the
downcast lids, and then stealing down. Katherine kissed them from his
cheek: "a thousand times more noble, royal, godlike, she called him;
had not the best and worthiest suffered ignominious punishment; even
our blessed Lord himself? His own acknowledgment alone could disgrace
him; he must recal the false words wrung from his agony; this last
vile act of his enemy must awaken each sovereign on his throne to
indignation; each would see in him a mirror of what might befal
themselves, if fallen. James, her royal Cousin, roused by her, should
resent the stigma affixed to his kinsman."

"For your own sake, sweet, do so; my soul dying within me is alive
again with indignation, to think that your plighted wedded love is he,
who is exposed to contumely; but for that, me-thinks, I would call
myself by that wretched name I dared pronounce, so that the annals of
the House of York escaped this stain: yet even thus I seem more
closely allied to them; for violent death, treachery, and ill have
waited on each descendant of Mortimer; my grandfather bore a paper
crown in shame upon his kingly brow."

He was interrupted by the officer, who unclosed the instrument of
disgrace. Richard, weak and failing, was assisted to rise; Katherine
supported him as a young mother her feeble offspring; she twined her
arms round him as his prop, and, in spite of misery, was enraptured
once again to see, to hear, to touch him from whom she had been absent
so long. "This is not well; it must not be; his Majesty will be much
displeased," said the chief of the guard, witnessing the compassion
her tender care inspired, "You must return to the palace, Lady."

"One little step," pleaded Katherine; "if I should never see him more,
how should I curse your cruelty! I will not speak, as I half thought I
would to these good people, to tell them that they may well honour him
a Princess loves: drag me not away yet--one more good bye!--farewell,
noble York, Kate's only love;--we meet again; this parting is but

She wept on his bosom; the sound of wailing arose in the crowd; the
Prince's eyes alone were dry; he whispered comfort to her; he promised
to live, to baffle his foe again for her sake; the words revived her,
and she saw him depart with hope, with new joy kindled in her bosom.

There had been another, the public gaze, till Katherine came to draw
all eyes to a newer wonder. An emaciated, pale woman, in a garb of
penury, who knelt, telling her beads beside York's prison; her face
was hid; but her hands were thin and white to ghastliness; during the
last scene she had sobbed to agony, and now as the place cleared, went
her way silently, with slow, feeble steps. Many marked her with
surprize and curiosity; few knew that she was the Jane Shore, whose
broken heart whispered misery, as she thought that she beheld King
Edward's guilt, in which she had shared, visited on his son. This
cruel lesson of religion was a canker in her heart, and most true it
was, as far as regarded her royal lover, that his light loves, and
careless playing with sacred ties, had caused the blot of base birth
to be affixed to his legitimate offspring, and so strewed the sad way
that led them to untimely death.

Henry, cruel as he was, had not the courage to encounter his insulted
prisoner on her return. Katherine's feelings were wrought too high for
any display of passion; her anxiety was spent on how she could sooth
York's wounded feelings, and restore his health; it were vain to ask,
she feared; yet, if the King would permit her to attend on him, under
whatever restrictions, they should be obeyed; and this while poor
Elizabeth besought her pardon with tears, for being the wife of her
insolent adversary. She, a proud Plantagenet, was more sorely stung
than the White Rose, by the indignity offered to her house; and she
intreated her not to love her brother less because of this foul
disgrace. "So doing," said the quick-sighted Queen, "you fulfil his
dearest wish. While you are Richard's loving wife, he, even he, the
fallen and humiliated, is an object of envy to his Majesty, who
sought, by making you witness his ignominy, to detach you from him."

"How strange a mistake," replied Katherine, "for one so sage as the
King: the lower my sweet Richard falls, the more need he surely has of
me. But that love, such as ours, knits us too indivisibly to admit a
reciprocity of benefit, I should say that it is to make me rich
indeed, to enable me to bestow, to lavish good on my Lord; but we are
one, and I but give to myself, and myself receive, if my weakness is
of any strength to him. Dear sister mine, your liege, wise as he may
be, is a tyro in our woman's lore--in the mysteries of devoted love;
he never felt one inspiration of the mighty sprite."

This was not quite true. For some few days Henry had been so inspired;
but love, an exotic in his heart, degenerated from being a fair,
fragrant flower, into a wild, poisonous weed. Love, whose essence is
the excess of sympathy, and consequently of self-abandonment and
generosity, when it alights on an unworthy soil, appears there at
first in all its native bloom, a very wonder even to the heart in
which it has taken root. The cold, selfish, narrow-hearted Richmond
was lulled to some slight forgetfulness of self, when first he was
fascinated by Katherine, and he decked himself with ill-assorted
virtues to merit her approbation. This lasted but a brief interval;
the uncongenial clime in which the new plant grew, impregnated it with
its own poison. Envy, arrogance, base desire to crush the fallen, were
his natural propensities; and, when love refused to minister to these,
it changed to something like hate in his bosom; it excited his desire
to have power over her, if not for her good, then for her bane.

The Duke of York was imprisoned in the Tower. No further measures were
apparently in action against him. Katherine no longer hoped any thing
from her foe; and day and night there lay beneath her eye-lids the
image of Richard, wasting and dying in captivity. Something must be
done, some aid afforded him; she was anxious also to learn the details
of his flight, and how again he fell into the hands of his foe.
Monina, who in a thousand disguises had been used to penetrate every
where, was seen no more. Still public report informed her of many

It was known, that Sir Robert Clifford, the old spy and traitor of the
White Rose, had become aware of the measures taken by York's adherents
to insure his escape from England. He had followed him down the river,
and by a knowledge of the signs and countersigns of the party, decoyed
him into a boat that was to convey his victim back to his prison-
house. The deceit was discovered, and a mortal struggle ensured on
board the tiny bark; it sunk, and many perished, Clifford among the
rest. On the morrow his body was found upon the beach, stiff and
stark; a gaping wound in his neck showed that the waters alone had not
been his foe; in his clenched hand he grasped a mass of golden hairs,
severed by some sharp implement from the head to which they grew: as
if nought else could liberate his enemy from his hold. There he lay,
bold Robin Clifford, the dauntless, wily boy, hunted through life by
his own fell passions, envy, cupidity, and libertinism; they had
tracked him to this death; his falsehood were now mute, his deceptions
passed away; he could never more win by his smiles, or stab by his
lying words; death alone had a share in him, death and the cold sands
beneath which he was interred, leaving a name, the mark of scorn, the
symbol of treachery.

They had struggled beneath the strangling waves, Richard and his
adversary. The Prince was wounded in the scuffle, and became enfeebled
almost to insensibility before he could sever from his enemy's grasp
the fair locks he clutched--he swam away, as well as he might, and,
with the instinct of self-preservation, made for the shore--he forgot,
that England was a wide prison--he only strove to master the fate
which beat him to the ground. He reached the sands--he sought the
covert of some near underwood, and threw himself upon the earth in
blind thankfulness; exhausted, almost inanimate, he lay there, given
up only to the sense of repose, and safety from death, which visited
his failing heart with a strange sense of pleasure.

The following morning was far advanced, before he could rouse himself
from this lethargy. He looked upon the waters; but the Adalid was no
more to be seen--he was quite alone; he needed succour; and none was
afforded him. Well he knew that every field, lane, dingle and copse
swarmed with enemies, and he shuddered at the likelihood that unarmed,
and weak as he was, he should fall into their hands. He desired to
reach London again as his sole refuge; and he journeyed, as he hoped,
towards it, all unknowing of the route. No way-worn traveller in
savage lands, pursued by barbarous enemies, ever suffered more than
the offspring of Edward the Fourth amidst the alienated fields of his
paternal kingdom. Cold and rain succeeded to the pleasant summer
weather:--during night he lay exposed to the tempests--during day he
toiled on, his limbs benumbed, his heart wasted by hunger and fatigue;
yet never, at the head of the Scottish chivalry, never in Burgundy or
in England, did he feel more resolute not to submit, but, baffling
fortune and his enemy's power, to save himself in spite of fate. He
had wandered far inland, and knew not where he was--he had indeed
passed beyond London, and got up as high as Barnes. It was the fourth
day from that of his escape--he had tasted little food, and no
strength remained in him, except that which gave energy to his
purpose. He found himself on a wide, heathy common, studded with
trees, or desolately open--the rainy day closed, and a bleak east wind
swept over the plain, and curled the leaden coloured waters of the
river--his love of life, his determination not to yield, quailed
before the physical miseries of his lot; for some few moments, he
thought that he would lie down and die.

At this time another human figure appeared upon the scene. A
Benedictine lay-brother, who in the freedom of solitude, in defiance
of wind and rain, trolled a ditty, fitter for a ruffling swaggerer's
bonnet, than a monk's cowl. He started not a little, on perceiving our
wanderer leaning against the scathed trunk of a solitary tree; nor
less did he wonder when he recognised the fallen Prince. It was Heron
himself, the magnanimous mercer, who having effected his escape with a
well-hoarded purse, contrived to introduce himself into the house of
Bethlem, at Shene, which was called the Priory. He was a little
frightened to perceive his ancient leader; but pity succeeded to fear;
and with many fair words and persuasions he induced him to permit
himself to be conducted to the Priory. There, since he believed
himself to be dying, he might receive the last sacraments--there
perhaps, for some few minutes, he might again behold his Katherine.

Thus was the fugitive again led within the pale of his enemy's power.
The Prior, a man esteemed for holiness, did not delay to make his
sovereign acquainted with the capture of his rival. His awe of
Katharine having vanished, Henry was left at liberty to follow the
ungenerous dictates of his groveling spirit. Many a courtier, true man
or false, counselled the death of the aspiring youth; and they praised
their master's magnanimity, when he rejected this advice, and in lieu
exposed him, whom he knew to be the descendant of a line of kings, to
beggarly disgrace. Thus worn and weak, the ill-fated son of York was
made a public spectacle of infamy. But Henry went a step too far; and,
when he thrust the Scottish Princess forward on the scene, he turned
defeat to triumph.

He was not to die--but rather to pine out a miserable existence--or
had the sage monarch any other scheme? The high-spirited Prince was to
be cooped up within the Tower--there, where the Earl of Warwick wasted
his wretched life. Did he imagine that the resolved and ardent soul of
Richard would, on its revival, communicate a part of its energy to the
son of Clarence, and that ere long they would be enveloped in one
ruin? Some words had transpired that appeared to reveal such an
intention; and his order to the Lieutenant of the Tower, that, without
permitting, he should connive at any covert intercourse between the
two--his recommendation of a noted spy and hireling to a high trust,
and the order this fellow had to bring each day intelligence to the
palace from the prison--spoke loudly of some design; for Henry never
did aught in vain. It was in circulation also among the lower officers
in the fortress, that an attempt to escape was expected on the part of
the prisoners, and that rich reward would attend its discovery.


And bare, at once, Captivity displayed.
Stands scoffing through the never-opened gate;
Which nothing through its bars admits, save day
And tasteless food.

The Lady Katherine, no longer trusting the good intentions of the
insolent tyrant, was eager to communicate with her royal cousin of
Scotland, to urge him to save from death or disgrace, if not to effect
the liberation, of him to whom he had given her hand. The difficulty
of finding a messenger was great. The Queen, all amiable and sorrowing
as she was, shrunk from any act, which, if discovered, would enrage
the King. Where did Monina tarry while her friend was in this strait?
Of all his sometime associates was there not one who would risk all to
retard the last steps of fate. Since York's escape she had been so
vigilantly guarded, that a thousand schemes she had formed for her own
evasion proved abortive at their very outset.

Help was at length afforded her unexpectedly, when most despairing.
Edmund Plantagenet stood before her: changed indeed from what he had
been; she had not seen him since the siege of Exeter, where he was
wounded; but slight was his bodily hurt in comparison to the deathblow
his mind received.

Plantagenet was one of those concentrated characters, whose very
outward show of softness and gentleness serves the more to force the
texture of their souls to receive one indelible impression. He had
passed a boyhood of visions, given up to mighty aspirations and
engrossing reverie. His thoughts were stirring as the acts of others;
his forest-school had so tutored him, that he could live in bodily
repose, while his mind ruminated: he could be quickened to hope and
fear, to lofty ambition, to generosity, and devoted courage, feeling
in his heart the keenest impulses--while around him were the mute
trees of the wild wood and pathless glades. He could be satisfied with
such dreamy illusions; so that action with him was never the result of
physical restlessness, nor of youthful emulation, nor of that stirring
spirit of life which forces us to abhor repose. It flowed from an
imperious sense of duty; it welled up from the very sources of his
soul. Other men perform the various parts allotted to them, and yet
are something else the while; as is the actor, even while he struts in
the garb of royalty: but Edmund yielded himself wholly up, and was the
mere creature of the thought within.

To be great and good--great from the good he should effect, was his
boyhood's aspiration. It is probable that, if he had not been
subjected to extraneous influence, he would have devoted himself to
religion, and become a saint or martyr; for his all, his
understanding, heart, and person, would have been given up to the holy
cause he espoused. His being led him to King Richard's tent, the night
before the battle of Bosworth Field, gave a new and inextinguishable
law to his life. Unknown duties were imposed. The first and dearest
was, to redeem his father's soul from the guilt of murderous ambition,
by elevating his injured nephew to his original greatness. He devoted
himself to his cousin. Soon he learned to love Richard as the work of
his own hands. He had reared his tender infancy; he had been his tutor
in martial exercises, teaching him to curb the fiery steed, to wield
the lance, and, more than all, to meet danger in the field fearlessly;
to be honourable, brave and kind. He had led him to war; and shielded
him with his own body from the cruel Moor. If ever they were divided,
his thoughts dwelt only the more carefully with him. Last, he had
brought him from glorious combats in Spain, to conquer his ancestral
kingdom, and set him up the rival of a powerful king--the mark of his

It was all over. Edmund possessed no innate strength to rise from the
blow; he was a mariner on the wide ocean, without compass or rudder.
The universe had one central point for him; that was destroyed, and a
total blank remained. York's first surrender visited him as a death
stroke; he struggled against it. Enfeebled by his wound, more by
despair, he passed over to Ireland; there he expected to find friends
of the White Rose; he found only enemies of Duke Perkin: men eager to
exculpate themselves, from the charges of ill faith or ingratitude,
gladly adopted a phraseology, or a belief, that reduced to dust the
golden glories of poor Edmund's idol. Perkin Warbeck! Oh thou flower
of York! thou nursling of love, though child of calamity, is even thy
bright name so to be tainted? Not by those immediately arrayed by
self-interest against thee; but by the vulgar crew, ever eager to
crush the fallen. There was no hope in Ireland. Keating, the Prior of
Kilmainham, was dead. The Earl of Desmond was reconciled to the
English Government. Lord Barry had fled to Spain. The Citizens of Cork
were busy redeeming, by eager servility, their Mayor's disloyalty.

Overcome by these sad changes, a malignant fever seized on Edmund: in
addition to every other disappointment, he had the consciousness that
his aid was necessary to his cousin; that his absence was probably
misinterpreted by his friends as cowardly dereliction. York was
calling on him in vain. Monina perhaps suspected his truth. Next to
the sun of his life, the noble Richard, Monina lay nearest his heart.
It was a mixture of many feelings; and even love, subdued by
hopelessness, quickened them to greater intensity. As soon as he could
rise from his couch, he directed his course to England. He arrived in
London on the day of the Duke of York's worst disgrace. It was
reported to him as the gossip of the town: at the fatal word a mortal
change seized upon his frame: his limbs were as if struck by palsy;
his cheeks fell in; his hair grew white. On his arrival he had taken
up his abode in a monastery in the habit of a poor pilgrim: the sage
monks who beheld his state, possessed no leech-craft to administer his
cure: he lay with beating pulses and open eyes, while the work of the
grave appeared already in operation against him: he wasted into a
fleshless skeleton. And then another secret change came over him; he
conquered death, and crawled forth, the ghost of what he was, into the
hopeless world.

He contrived to gain admission to the Princess. She did not recognize
him, such was the pale disguise disease had put upon him. His voice,
hollow as from a tomb, was altered; his dark, melancholy eyes,
occupying too large a portion of his face, gleamed from under his
streaked and wan brow. Yet his was a visit of comfort, for he could do
her mission to Scotland, and invite the forgetful James to succour his
friend and kinsman. Edmund listened eagerly to this proposal: a
draught of soothing balm descended into his frame, with the thought
that yet all was not lost. His physical energy almost returned: he
hurried to depart--"How will you traverse this wide kingdom?" asked
the lady. "Cannot the Adalid come as before, to aid and speed you on
your way?"

"The Adalid is sailing on the far ocean sea," replied Plantagenet; "we
are all as dead, in the eyes of De Faro and our Monina."

"Faithless girl!"

With a trace of his ancient warmth and sweetness, Edmund entered upon
the gentle maiden's exculpation. He related that a poor fellow lay on
the bed next his in the convent hospital, whom he recognised to be an
Irishman, who had escaped from Waterford, and sailed with them in the
Adalid to Cornwall. From him he heard the tale of what had befallen De
Faro and his child. He heard how the mariner had long haunted the
English coast waiting for an opportunity to carry off the Prince; of
the fatal night, when snatching his daughter from the watery peril, he
saw Richard, as he believed, perish in the waves. What more had the
Moorish mariner and his daughter to do with this miserable, guilty
island? He called his men together; he told them his resolve finally
to quit the eastern world for the golden islands of the west, inviting
those who were averse to the voyage to go on shore at once, before the
fair wind that was rising, should hurry them into the open sea. The
poor Irishman alone desired to land: before he went he saw the Spanish
damsel; he described her as calm and mild, though there was something
unearthly in her gleaming eyes and in the solemn tone of her voice.
"If," she said, "you meet any of our friends, any who ask for De Faro
and his daughter, if you see Lady Brampton, Lord Barry, or Sir Edmund
Plantagenet, tell them that Monina lives, that she tarries with her
father, and tasks herself to be his comfort and support. We seek the
Western Indies; well may it betide us that we never reach the unknown
strand; or we may be cast away in an uninhabited solitude, where my
care and companionship may stead my dear father much; or I may teach
the sacred truths of our religion to the wild Indians, and speak the
dear name of Christ to the unbaptized of those wilds; or soften, as
best I may, the cruel Spaniard, and save the devoted people from their
barbarity. Tell them, whichever way I look, I perceive a thousand
duties to which our great Taskmaster calls me, and these I live to
fulfil, if so my feeble body will permit; tell them that my only hope
is death; that, and that by my obedience to the Almighty will, I may
partly merit to join in Paradise the earthly angel who now survives

Tears choked further speech; she imprinted her words by a gift of
gold. The boat which had been hailed, came alongside. The man on
board, the sails of the Adalid swelled proudly in the gale; the little
caravel ran lightly along on the top of the roughening waters. In less
than two hours she was out of sight, speeding swiftly over the sea
towards the wild western ocean.

Plantagenet departed; and the Princess was yet more cheered when she
found that no further injury was meditated against her lord.
Imprisonment in the Tower was his sole punishment. Her pure, gentle
mind could not divine the full extent of King Henry's villainy, nor
guess how he undermined the edifice he claimed praise for not
levelling with the ground.

Nor could her resigned, patient, feminine spirit conceive the cruel,
biting impatience of his lot that York endured. He had yielded at
first to the overwhelming sense of disgrace, and felt that last, worst
emotion of the injured, which answers the internal question. "What
have I done so to be visited?" in the poet's words,--

--"I cannot charge

My memory with much save sorrow--but

I have been so beyond the common lot

Chastened and visited, I needs must think

That I was wicked."

But soon his eager, eagle spirit spurned the tame debasing thought: he
resolved again to struggle, and at last to conquer; the fire burned
brighter for its short smouldering; almost with a light heart he
laughed, as he resolved again to endeavour.

His prison life was more than irksome; it was unendurable. No change,
which is the soul of enjoyment, varied it. No sympathy, the parent of
content, came anear. In his young days he had trod on the verge of
life's wave, watching it recede, and fancying that it would discover
glittering treasures as it retreated into the ocean of eternity: now
the tide ebbed sullenly; the barren sands grew dark; and the expanse
before afforded no hope--what was to be done?

He was in the Tower, whence he had twice escaped; where the Earl of
Warwick was immured, pining in fruitless vegetation, rather than
living. Should he do as he had done, and become a cypher, a forgotten
prisoner, a mere thing to wake and sleep, and be as nothing? The very
dog that guards a cottage-door from nightly harm, had more dignity and
purpose in his life, than this victim of ambition. The bird that
alighted on the sill of his iron-barred casement, and carried off a
crumb for her nestlings, was an emblem of utility and freedom in
comparison, which Warwick, cut off from all, must weep to mark. How
different was Richard's fate; he had dear friends ready to risk all
for him, whose life's sacrifice he could repay only by being true to
himself: he had a wife, wedded to him in youth's early flower, whose
happiness was unalterably linked to his. He had courage, fortitude,
energy; he would not cast these gifts away, a thankless boon; he
valued them at their price: if death crowned his efforts, it were
well; he was a mere toy in the hands of God, and he submitted; but, as
a man, he was ready to cope with men, and though defeated never to be

Not a month after his removal to the Tower he had observed his
facilities, marked his instruments, and resolved to enter on his
schemes: they were quickened by other circumstances.

Warwick heard of his cousin's arrival; and he believed this to be the
signal of his own deliverance. His first chief desire was to have
communication with him. Among his attendants there was one to whom he
could apply; he was a lank, tall fellow, with little understanding and
but one idea--gratitude to the Duke of Clarence. This man, called
Roger, and nicknamed Long Roger, his length being his chief
distinction, had been very poor, and burthened besides with several
infant children: accidents and a bad season brought them to the verge
of starvation, when a chance threw him in the way of the Duke of
Clarence, who got him made servitor in the Tower. When this
unfortunate Prince was imprisoned within its fatal walls, Long Roger
underwent a thousand perils to wait on him by stealth, and to do what
service he might. Long Roger had a prodigious appetite, and his chief
delight was to smuggle dainties, cooked by his Madge, into the prison
chamber of the Duke. The manner of Clarence's death, which Roger
affirmed to accord with the popular tradition, alone consoled the
faithful sympathizing fellow. Now he had turned the key for thirteen
years on the Duke's hapless son: in spite of his watchful care and
proffered cates, he had seen the poor youth dwindle to a skeleton,
when suddenly the progress of delay was checked by Our Lady: it was a
miracle to see Lord Edward grow fat and comely to look upon, changing
his woe-begone looks into gracious smiles: by the Mass, there was
witchcraft in it! Warwick often thanked Long Roger, and told him what
he would do when restored to freedom and rank; which will never be,
Roger said, except among the saints in Paradise; unless it pleased God
to remove his Majesty, when my Lady the Queen should fully know how
fervently her eousin prayed for her; and, forsooth, with sweet Prince
Arthur, his royal mother would be all powerful. Long Roger's visions
went not beyond. He never imagined the possibility of effecting the
Earl's escape; his limited understanding suggested no relief, save a
bottle of Canary, or bunches of White Roses in June, which in fact was
Dame Madge's feminine idea; and often had the simple flowers soothed
Warwick's care. To this man the poor prisoner applied, to enable him
to see and converse with the newly arrived Richard: two are better
than one to a feast; and, the next time Roger meditated a dainty
supper for his lord, he resolved to endeavour that York should partake
it with him as a guest.

In his own guileless way, the simple-hearted man began to practise on
and bribe one of his fellows, without whom it had been difficult to
accomplish his desire. Abel Blewit had lately been appointed to his
service: he was nearly a dwarf, with bushy eyebrows and red hair;
there was something of ill omen in his physiognomy, but as the tall
yeoman looked over the head of his comrade, his courage rose: "The
whippersnapper could not rebuff me," he thought, as he drew himself up
to his full height, and began to propound the mighty deed of
conducting Perkin by mistake to the Lord Edward's chamber, on his
return from vespers. Roger paused suddenly; for, in spite of his
stature, he was appalled by the glance Blewet shot up from under his
penthouses of brows: still he gave a willing assent, and even took
upon himself the chief risk of the undertaking.

The following evening, while Richard was yet pondering how to commence
his machinations, undecided, though resolved; and while he made up his
mind not to betray his thoughts to the sinister-looking being before
him, he was surprised to find that he was led through an unaccustomed
gallery; and still more, on entering the chamber into which he was
introduced, to recognise it as that where he had unexpectedly found
refuge during his last visit to the Tower, and to perceive that
Warwick himself was there expecting him.

Was this the thin, wasted being he had seen three years before? Had
Warwick been then set free to hunt upon the hills, he had not regained
more flesh and bloom than now that hope had been his only medicine.
His cousin York had inspired him with marvellons confidence; his last
entrance into the fortidable Tower, and his speedy exit, had appeared
a miracle to the poor Earl, to whom these high walls and sad chambers
formed a world, from which, as from the larger one, death only
promised egress. He had pined and wasted in his appetite to be free,
to be without those gates, beyond that fosse and giant battlements
that girded him in: these portentous, insuperable obstaeles were mere
cobweb chains to Richard. He had come in, he had departed, and all as
easily, so Warwick thought, as the unregarded fly, that had perhaps
flown from Westminster, from Elizabeth's chamber, to light upon his
cheek. In all the subsequent tales of York's checks and overthrow, he
smiled at the idea that one born to victory could be thus overcome. He
laughed at the chains Henry had thrown over him; and his transfer to
the Tower elated him with a firm belief that liberty was at hand.
Dwelling on these thoughts Warwick ceased to be the dead alive; he was
cheerful, erect, elastic in his gait, his complexion glowed with
health, while sickness still lingered on the cheek of the younger
Plantagenet, and a more subdued spirit dwelt in his heart.

Long Roger beheld the consins embrace: he heard the Earl call him,
named Perkin, his liege, and most dear kinsman: from that moment the
opprobrious name was banished from Roger's lips: he was convinced of
York's truth, and the Lord Edward's friend became an object of
reverence and of love.


Gentle Cousin.
If you be seen, you perish instantly.
For breaking prison. No, no, Cousin.
I will no more be hidden, nor put off
This great adventure to a second trial.

Quick on the first greeting followed Warwick's question. "And, noble
Cousin, what have you projected? when shall we escape?"

Richard's being in durance with him, seemed sufficient pledge, that
without delay they should both be free. While York, wearied by
opposition to his mighty foe, just foiled in his endeavours to
preserve his freedom, even when he had attained it, saw giant
obstacles in his path; and, although resolved to endeavour all, was
fully conscious of the fatal end that must wait upon his too probable
failure. His reply was dictated by these feelings; he was averse to
drag one so inexperienced, and so unhappy, into the pit he believed
that he was digging for himself. He besought the Earl well to weigh
the value he set upon life; to place the fatal scaffold in prospect;
to teach himself to know what death was, and to be ready to meet it,
before he planned escape from the wily Tudor. Warwick listened with
impatient wonder; but when Richard concluded with affirming, that he
himself, in sober sadness, preferred hazarding all to the remaining in
prison, and that he would be free, the Earl's countenance again grew
light and gladsome. "But when, Coz, when?" was still his eager

Thus they had changed characters. Warwick, so many years secluded from
the world, was in total ignorance of its ways. Had the Tower-gates
been opened to him, he had trembled to walk forth alone; but restraint
had made him feminine; and with his cousin he would have rushed upon
an army of spears, in sure belief that some unseen gis would protect
him. His position rendered him timid, indolent, and dependent; but he
relied on Richard, as a woman on her lover. York beheld all things in
their clear, true light; he was aware of every difficulty; of the
means he possessed for overcoming them, and of the hazards he ran in
using these means. A sentiment, born of the highest generosity, made
him hesitate before he concerted any plan with Warwick. It was not
alone that he was averse to risking another life; but he felt that his
cause would receive advantage from this link with an undoubted
Plantagenet; nay, that, in the prison itself, the attachment and
respect felt towards the son of Clarence, by some of the very men he
meant to use, would serve him. That he should reap benefit from
exposing the ill-fated Prince to untried dangers, revolted his high
and independent nature. Warwick had recourse to many an entreaty and
persuasion, ere he brought Richard to consent that their fortunes
should be joined, and that, last of the White Rose, they would rise or
fall together. Still York was obliged to check his cousin's
impatience, and to show that they must slowly work out the end they
had in view.

To gratify the Earl's greedy curiosity, York related his adventures;
they afforded him an inexhaustible fund of surprise and delight. He
sighed over his tale of wedded happiness; and half wondered that
angelic woman, seated high on the throne of loveliness and love,
should deign to devote herself for man. A pang, not of envy, but of
regret, on comparing their fates, shot across him; soon the usual
current of feeling returned; and, when he heard that his idolized,
lost Elizabeth was the friend and companion of the devoted wife of
York, his affection for Richard was increased. Night was far advanced
before they separated, and then only in certain expectation of meeting

York's hopes grew brighter, and he indulged in visions of the future,
which lately had been so blank. He verily believed that he might
escape, though still he doubted whether he should. He remembered the
fondness of the Duchess of Burgundy for her brother Clarence, and how
she had deplored the hard destiny of his offspring; he would present
that son, liberated by him, to her. His junction with the Prince must
revive the old Yorkists in his favour; this worst blast of fortune
might be the gale to speed him to the harbour of his hopes. The royal
cousins met again and again; nor was it long before their own desires,
and Henry's craft, began to weave that fatal web which entangled them
even in the very mode the hard-hearted king devised.

Summer was gone: quicker than he was wont, the sun withdrew his
embattled array of light and heat; and cold and tempest, erewhile
driven to mountain fastnesses, or to their own frozen kingdoms in the
north, took courage and force, and broke with wild fury upon the
defenceless world: the bleak winds were their coursers; savagely they
yelled and howled over the land they desolated. First, the growth of
flowers was their prey; the fruits, and then the verdure of the earth,
while the sun, each day retreating, afforded further scope to their
inroads. York resolved not to pass another winter in prison. He had
quickly perceived that his purpose could only be effected by
corrupting their guards, and then all would depend upon the fidelity
of these men. His first attempts were followed by an almost too easy
success: good-hearted, dullheaded, Long Roger heard with unreplying
credulity the assertions of Warwick, that Richard must succeed in all
he undertook, and readily promised his aid. Abel Blewet, in spite of
his dogged, sinister aspect, yielded at once to the seduction of a
promised bribe. Two others, by his advice, were associated as
necessary to their success. Strangeways, a ruffling, drunken fellow,
who had been thrice dismissed, but whose pretty wife each time
procured his re-appointment; and Astwood, a saving miser, who lent
money to his fellow-servitors on usury. With these instruments the
Cousins went to work: Warwick in full belief of success: York,
perceiving treason and discovery close to them, but ready to defy
these bloodhounds to their worst.

"And now, Coz," said Warwick, "in very truth there needs no further
delay. Methinks were the drawbridge down, you would mistrust some gin,
and wait to throw an arch of your own across the moat. Sooth, my Lord,
I am a weary of your sloth."

There was a caressing sweetness in Warwick's voice and manner; an
ignorant, indolent, confiding enthusiasm, so unlike quick-witted
Clifford, or any of Duke Richard's former friends, that he felt a new
emotion towards him--hitherto he had been the protected, served, and
waited on, of his associates, now he played the protector and the

"My gentle Cousin," he replied, "even as you trust, so you shall find
me--wait but a little, and all will be past. Yet I grieve to say,
where you see escape, I perceive an ambushment of death; and, though
ready to face the grim skeleton, we must arm ourselves against him. I
wish I could show you even as I see, the dangers that environ us--
perhaps you would shrink; and it is yet time. What do you do? Not only
plan escape, but ally yourself, and give the sanction of your
untarnished name, to one whom Tudor brands as an impostor, and abhors
as a rival. His vengeance will fall heavily for this deed, if he reach
you. While a few years, like the many already gone by, may lead him to
his grave, and you to liberty. I have too often met danger to be
frightened by him: and I endure worse than death, each day I pass of
youth, apart my sweet White Rose. You have no lady-love to beckon you
across the path of peril. Bethink you well, my ever dear Lord, will
you not regret this prison, when the cruel axe glitters before your

"Do you refuse then to take me with you?" said Warwick, mournfully.

"Be the choice yours; to go with me is fraught with danger--to stay--"

"Hush, Cousin!" cried the Earl, eagerly, "speak not the ill-omened
word. Stay,--to endure days and nights of guarded doors; to eat viands
served up poisoned by the jailor's touch; to see the sky but through
those iron bars; alas! in my dreams, when heaven and its stars are
before me, they are crossed and paled by those accursed lines. Give me
but an hour to tread earth a free man--or, mark, Cousin; sometimes I
win good Roger to lead me to the roof of the White Tower; it is high,
and overhangs the deep, dangerous river--The day you quit my side, I
seek that tower, I leap from its height, and the cold waters shall
drink up my being, rather than I endure another hour my prison-life."

"My dear, dear Cousin," said York, "it is written by the Fates, and I
yield--our fortunes shall be one. A few days now brings the hour; it
will move along the dial; it will become a portion of past time--what
it will leave us, is in the hands of God."

That hour came--full soon it came--the evening hour which preceded
their escape. Long Roger served supper to the kinsmen, the last they
were to partake within the fated walls. The poor fellow heaved a
bitter sigh, as he waited by his lord's chair. "Thou art downcast,
good Roger," said the Earl, "pledge me, my man, in this ruby wine of
Burgundy--think of to-morrow, not of to-night--to-morrow the deed
will be done."

Roger quaffed the proffered bowl--he set it down with another sigh,
almost a groan, adding, "Better drown reason than life in the vat!"
Then recollecting to what he alluded, and before whom, he blushed
scarlet to his very ears, and like a bashful man he made it worse by
going on blunderingly, "I was never handy at these sort of things; it
is for all the world like turning out of a warm bed on a cold snowy
morning, only to think of them--and when they are about,--by the
Cross, I thought no hole far enough or dark enough, when my Lord your

"Roger!" exclaimed Warwick.

The wine had not decreased the man's terror, but it had opened his
mouth, and taken away his discretion; he continued: "It was an awful
night. We all knew what was going to be done. I am sure, as Thomas
Paulet said, we heard our very hearts beat. Then there was grim-faced
Hobler, who at the Judgment might be taken for the born twin of Master
Abel, only he was taller by a span--even he looked uglier, nor spoke
above his breath--'Is he at his prayers?' asked he, and Sir Brakenbury
was as white as the earth itself--it was the beginning of Lent; and
the snow lay three feet deep on it."

By no uncommon law of our nature, the dread design of the present
night awoke keen recollection in the usually drowsy mind of this man.
At first, with thrilling horror, Warwick interrupted him, but now the
very terrors of the theme he chose, assumed an awful charm--he was
fascinated to listen, while his knees knocked together--Richard felt
also the magic of such perilous excitement.

"Oh, Lord Edward," continued Roger, "these walls have seen fiendly
sights--the blood of many a Plantagenet, York or Lancaster, is on its
pavement. Was it not in this room that the pious King, Saint Henry, as
Father Piers calls him--you will not sleep another night in it, so
there is no harm now, telling you that his poor ghost has been seen on
the battlements coming from this very chamber, where he was

The night wind rushed round the massy walls, the autumnal wind, fierce
and howling--York started up, "No more of this unreason, while we need
all our strength, and God's grace to boot, to nerve us to our task.
Oh, ghost of Lancaster! if indeed thou hauntest this spot, where those
akin to me did the foul deed, be thy pious soul propitiated now; many
a mass shall be told for thy repose!"

Roger crossed himself, and said an ave; then in his usual voice he
rejoined, "Would the thing did not require blood. Master Abel vows by
the saints--'twere better when men make bad oaths to swear by the
fiends--that Sir John must die; old wrinkled Astwood squeaks out,
'By'r Lady, it were not worth while, with only promises for reward, if
we have not the rifling of the Lieutenant's private chamber. They are
bloody-minded men, my Lord; Mat Strangeways, when he is sober, and I,
fasting or feasting, hold out that we might bind him, and get the
keys.' 'Blockhead,' says Master Blewet, saving your presence, 'thou
goest the way to hang us all.'"

Another goblet had set Roger talking. Warwick had quitted the table.
He threw open the casement: it was very dark, and the wind howled
fearfully--"Oh, iron bars of my prison house," cried the ill-fated
Prince, "can only midnight-murder wrench ye asunder? It is a dread act
to disobey God's word, and lay the soul under mortal sin--must it be

"My dear Cousin," said York, "do not mistake--a month ago the choice
was yours; now there is no going back. We have no right to draw these
poor men into peril, and then to quarrel at the precaution they take
for their safeties. We said, aye, when the matter was proposed. Again
I repeat the word; they must look to it, who so savagely have driven
us to the fatal pass. When Digby undertook the ungentle task of
jailor, he knew that he must hold it at the hazard of his life."

"Sir John has ever been kind to me," said Warwick, "forgive the word,
my Lord, I am firm now--away with mercy! To win an easy egress from
these murderous walls, I could myself plant the dagger."

"We are not executioners," interrupted the Duke, who felt none of
Warwick's vacillations, now sinking beneath the required tone, now
wound up far above it, and was perfectly calm, though his heart, he
scarce knew why, entertained no hope of success. Warwick believed that
he should win, and mourned the losers in the frightful game. Richard
knew that he might fail, and assuredly would, did he not meet each
necessity and hazard with a dauntless spirit.

The sound of a bell from a neighbouring convent was brought fitfully
by the wind--"They are ringing matins--there is our signal," cried

"And Digby's knell." The door of the chamber opened as Warwick said
these words, and Blewet, with his usual catlike pace, slid in; he
walked straight up to Roger, and casting on him a glance from under
his brows, said only "Come."

"Are all at rest?" asked the Earl.

"Two hours agone," said Master Abel, "I have kept myself awake
sharpening my steel;" he touched the handle of a huge butcher's knife
stuck in his girdle, whose glittering blade did credit to his care.
Warwick turned pale and sick. "It will be dulled anon," continued

"Where are thy comrades?" Richard asked, "They wait at the end of the
corridor--Master Astwood is counting his gains. Come, Long Roger."

Poor Roger followed him to the door, then turning to the Princes; "My
royal masters," said he, "if this deed goes ill, and I never see ye
more, by Christ and his Cross, I pray a blessing on ye; if I may pray,
but by the mass I fear I shall never pray, nor sup more."

They were gone--Warwick strove to look, to be firm, but he grew ashy
white--a door, clapped to at a distance, made him almost faint.
Richard was pale also; but his hand shook not in the least, as he
presented a cup of wine to his cousin.

"Give me water rather," said the Earl, shuddering, "that cup is red--
hark--it is his groans!"

"It is the wind around the turret, where my liege and brother died,"
said York, endeavouring to give other thoughts to the poor Prince, who

"It is the hell-born laugh of fiends viewing the deed." With the
breeze indeed came a sound of laughter. "Are we betrayed!" cried York:
but the sound passed away in wailing. Warwick was on his knees--"I
cannot pray," he cried, "a sea of blood is before me."


Steps now approached along the corridor, and Blewet, his stained,
half-wiped knife in his hand, appeared--Again the monosyllable "Come,"
was pronounced--fraught with how different a meaning. A life had been
torn from an innocent breast since then by that fell instrument. The
Princes, awestruck, one trembling with dread, the other striving to
quell his horror for a murderer, followed him, as he led through the
gallery--at the end stood Astwood with a bunch of keys--there were no
stains on his hands; he looked anxious, but brightened up when he saw
the prisoners.

They trod stealthily along. Warwick's faltering steps scarce kept pace
with their conductor's. After passing through many narrow high
passages, they reached a low postern door. Astwood put the key in the
lock--the sound was magical to the fearful Earl. "Farewell, old
frightful walls," he cried, "farewell, dark murderous prison house,
the Foul Fiend possess thee! such is my benison."

Blewet looked at him--York marked the sarcasm, the scorn of his
glance--the gate meanwhile was opened: at that moment a clash of arms
was heard. "The sentinels at the Eastern gate," remarked Abel.

"God grant it!" cried Warwick, "God grant--yet can it be! and am I

He rushed through the open door, intent to seize upon liberty, as
Tantalus on his forbidden feast--his first step beyond the threshold
of his prison was followed by a shriek--almost a woman's shriek, it
was so shrill and piercing. What he quailed before, gave presence of
mind to York--experienced in ills. Whatever the new evil might be, he
went out to meet it calmly. A party of archers and yeomen were drawn
up in the court yard. "This truly is a mime," he said, "in which one
at least wins. Our good Lieutenant is safe; we are lost."

Grim Sir John had much disliked even this masque of murder. He saw
their seizure with a grin of delight. He abhorred Richard, as the
prime mover of the mediated assassination; but he hated Warwick more,
who thus could lay in ambush for the life of one, who he believed had
been a most courteous and soft-hearted jailor to him--he commanded his
myrmidons to lead the royal kinsmen to the strongest ward-rooms of the
Tower, with dogged, savage joy.

In dark and separate cells, in solitude and night, these ill-fated
victims of craft and ambition were consigned to biting reflection and
sinister anticipation. Warwick, worn out by the unusual excitement of
the last weeks, by his eager hopes, and overwhelming despair, had no
one thought, but ten thousand thoughts, making a chaos and hell of his
poor heart. Richard felt more for his cousin than for himself. "But
for me," he repeated internally, "he had still been a patient
prisoner. Yet to break prison is not crime capital--he may yet be
saved. Elizabeth will intercede; Tudor, for very shame, cannot do
further wrong to one so near akin, so powerless and unfortunate. For
myself;--I am dead already: the Duke of York died, when first I became
a slave. So that my memory survive in my own White Rose's heart--let
the victor dispose at his pleasure of this mere shell of Richard."


Tempestuous Fortune hath spent all her spite.
  And thrilling Sorrow thrown his utmost dart
Thy sad tongue cannot tell more heavy plight
  Than that I feel and harbour in my heart.

The morning of the first of November dawned; a cheery day. Men went to
their usual works: the earth, despoiled of her summer garniture, yet
bore the change with sober content; for the sun shone, and soft airs,
despite the coming winter, lightly shook the scant and altered foliage
of the woods:

All rose to do the task He set to each.
Who shaped us to his ends, and not our own.
And many rose
Whose woe was such, that fear became desire.

Among such fate-hunted victims was the Duke of York. Hope had died in
his heart; and his few remaining days were only to be spent in
celebrating her dark funeral. Morning opened its eyes on Prince
Richard's dungeon, showing him vanquished by grievous overthrow and
change. To look back through his tumultuous life, to dwell upon its
chances, to think of the many who had suffered for him, were sad but
fitting thoughts, to which he betook himself, till death became lovely
in his eyes. But intermingled with such retrospection were other
memories: his own sweet love was before him, in her tears or smiles;
he looked into her dear eyes, he closed his own, and thrilling kisses
pressed his burning lips, and soft, white arms were round him; at
thought of such he grew impatient of his chains, and the fearful
cutting off from all that awaited him. He began to calculate on the
probability that his life would be spared, and grew cowardly the
while; to feed upon those roseate lips, to drink life from those eyes,
to clasp his beautiful, fond wife, feeling that beyond the circle of
his arms nought existed worthy his desires, became a fierce, impatient
hunger, to gratify which he would call himself impostor, give up fame
and reputation, and become Perkin Warbeck in all men's eyes.

There was but one refuge from this battle of youth and life with the
grim skeleton. With a strong effort he endeavoured to turn his
attention from earth, its victor woes, and still more tyrant joys, to
the heaven where alone his future lay. The struggle was difficult, but
he effected it; prayer brought resignation, calm; so when his soul,
still linked to his mortal frame, and slave to its instincts, again
returned to earth, it was with milder wishes and subdued regrets.
Monina's lovely form wandered into his mind; she was an angel now, a
blessed spirit, he believed; for, what deceived her, deceived him; and
he fancied that he alone had escaped from the watery perils of that
night; she had arrived there, where he soon should be, in the serene
immutability of eternal life; he began, in the revulsion of his
thoughts, to pity those destined still to exist. Earth was a skaithed
planet, a roofless, shelterless home; a wild where the human soul
wandered a little interval, tortured by sharp, cruel storms; lost in
thorny, entangled brakes; weary, repining, till the hour came when it
could soar to its native birthplace, and find refuge from its ills in
promised Paradise.

His cell was indeed the haven of peace, compared to the turbid,
frightful atmosphere in which his Katherine lived. Edmund had not
returned; every attempt she made to communicate with Scotland or
Burgundy, failed. She had past a summer of wretchedness, nor could the
tender attention of Elizabeth sooth her. In spite of all, the poor
Queen was almost happier than she had ever been; for many years she
had been "the cannibal of her own heart," devouring her griefs in
voiceless, friendless, solitude; her very joys, and they were those of
maternity, were locked up in her own bosom. It was the birth of
happiness to share her griefs with another; that other being so
gentle, so wise, and yet so sensitive, as the fair White Rose, who
concealed her own worst pains, to sooth those of one possessing less
fortitude and fewer internal resources than herself. Yet, while thus
she forgot herself, she never quitted in thought her Richard's side;
since the day she had seen him delivered over to ignominious
punishment, pale and ill, he was as it were stamped on every outward
object, an image placed between her and her thoughts; for, while those
were employed apparently on many things, he, in truth, was their
first, last, all-possessing idea, more engrossing than her own
identity. At one time she spent every effort to obtain an interview
with him in prison; and then she learned, through covert means, of the
plots carrying on in the Tower for his escape, while the name of
Warwick, mingling in the tale, roused the latent feelings of
Elizabeth. When the last, worst hour came, it was less replete with
pain than these miserable, unquiet days, and sleepless, tearful
nights; the never-ending, still beginning round of hours, spent in
fear, doubt, and agonizing prayer.

After a restless night, the Princess opened her eyes upon the day, and
felt even the usual weight at her heavy foreboding heart increased.
The tale was soon told of Richard's attempted escape and failure:
"What can be done?"

"Nothing; God has delivered the innocent into the hands of the cruel;
the cruel, to whom mercy is as unknown, as, methinks, it is even to
the awful Power who rules our miserable lives." Such words, with a
passionate burst of tears, burst from the timid Elizabeth, whose
crushed and burning heart even arraigned the Deity for the agony she

Katherine looked on her with sweet compassion, "Gentle one," she said,
"what new spirit puts such strange speech into your mouth, whose
murmurings heretofore were those of piety?"

"It is a bad world," continued the Queen; "and, if I become bad in it,
perchance I shall prosper, and have power to save: I have been too
mild, too self-communing and self-condemning; and the frightful result
is, that the sole being that ever loved me, perishes on the scaffold.
Both will perish, my White Rose, doubt it not. Your own York, and my
devoted only loved Edward. In his prison I have been his dream; he
breaks it, not to find liberty again, but Elizabeth. Wretched boy!
knows he not that he shall never again find her, who roamed with a
free spirit the woodland glades, talking to him of the future, as of a
scene painted to my will; faded, outworn, a degraded slave--I am not

"Did you know the dearest truth of religion," replied Katherine, "you
would feel that she, who has been tried, and come out pure, is a far
nobler being than--"

"I am not pure, not innocent; much you mistake me," said the Queen:
"wicked, impious thoughts harbour in my heart, and pollute my soul,
even beyond the hope of mediation. Sometimes I hate my beautiful
children because they are his; sometimes in the dark hour of night, I
renounce my nuptial vow, and lend ready, willing ear to fiendish
whisperings which borrow Edward's voice. I court sleep, because he
wanders into my dreams; and--What do I say, what am I revealing?
Lady, judge me not: you married him you loved, fulfilling thus the
best destiny that can be given in this hard world to woman, whose life
is merely love. Though he perish in his youth, and you weep for him
for ever, hug yourself in the blessed knowledge that your fate is
bright as angels; for we reap celestial joys, when love and duty,
twined in sisterly embrace, take up their abode together within us:
and I--but, Katherine, did you hear me?--They perish even as I speak:
his cruel heart knows no touch of mercy, and they perish."

"They shall not, dearest," said York's White Rose; "it cannot be, that
so foul a blot darken our whole lives. No; there are words and looks
and tones that may persuade. Alas! were we more holy, surely a miracle
might be vouchsafed, nor this Pharoah harden his heart for ever."

All her love-laden soul beaming in her eyes, with a voice that even
thrilled him, though it moved him not, the White Rose addressed Henry.
She had yet to learn that a tyrant's smile is more fatal than his
frown: he was all courtesy, for he was resolved, implacable; and she
gathered hope from what proved to be the parent of despair. She spoke
with so much energy, yet simplicity, in the cause of goodness, and
urged so sweetly her debt of gratitude; telling him, how from the
altar of their hearts, prayers would rise to the Eternal, fraught with
blessings to him, that he encouraged her to go on, that still he might
gaze on lineaments, which nobility of soul, the softest tenderness,
and exalted belief in good, painted with angelic hues. At length he
replied that his Council were examining witnesses, that her cause
depended on facts, on its own justice; that he hoped report had
blackened the crimes of these rash men; for her sake he sincerely
hoped their guilt, as it was detailedto him, had been exaggerated.

For a moment the Princess was unaware what all this jargon might mean;
his next words were more perspicuous. "Indeed, fair dame, you must
forget this coil: if I consent, for the welfare of my kingdom, to
sacrifice the Queen's nearest relative, you also must resign yourself
to a necessity from which there is no appeal. Hereafter you will
perceive that you gain, instead of losing, by an act of justice which
you passionately call cruelty: it is mercy, heaven's mercy doubtless,
that breaks the link between a royal princess and a baseborn

A sudden fear thrilled Katherine: "You cannot mean that he should
die," she cried; "for your own sake, for your children's sake, on whom
your sins will be visited, you cannot intend such murder: you dare
not; for the whole world would rise against the unchristian king who
sheds his kinsman's blood. All Europe, the secret hearts of those
nearest to you, your own knowledge, all proclaim your victim, your
rival--to be your brother, and will brand you a fratricide. You are
Lancaster, your ancestors were kings, you conquered this realm in
their name, and may reign over it in peace of conscience; but not so
may you destroy the Duke of York. His mother avouched him, the Duchess
of Burgundy acknowledges him, I was given to him by my royal cousin,
as to one of equal rank, and he upholds him--More than all, his
princely self declares the truth; nor can evil counsellors, nor false
chroniclers, stand between you, and heaven and the avenging world. You
vainly seek to heap accusation on him you term Crookback's head: time
will affix the worst indelible stain upon you. You cannot, will not
slay him."

What were words to the fixed mind of Henry? A summer breeze,
whispering round a tempest-withstanding watch-tower--he might grow
chill at this echo of the fears his own heart spoke; but still he
smiled, and his purpose was unshaken.

It became known that the Princes were to be arraigned for treason:
first the unhappy, misnamed Perkin was tried, by the common courts, in
Westminster Hall. When a despot gives up the execution of his revenge
to the course of law, it is only because he wishes to get rid of
passing the sentence of death upon his single authority, and to make
the dread voice of misnamed justice, and its executors, the abettors
of his crime.

When Tragedy arrays itself in the formal robes of law, it becomes more
heart-rending, more odious, than in any other guise. When sickness
threatens to deprive us of one, round whom our heart-strings have
twined--we think inextricably--the skill of man is our friend; if
merciless tempest be the murderer, we feel that it obeys One whose
ways are inscrutable, while we strive to believe that they are good.
Groping in darkness, we teach our hearts the bitter lesson of
resignation. Nor do we hate nor blame the wild winds and murderous
waves, though they have drank up a life more precious and more beloved
than words have power to speak. But that man's authority should
destroy the life of his fellow man; that he who is powerful, should,
for his own security and benefit, drive into the darksome void of the
tomb, one united to our sun-visited earth by ties of tenderness and
love--one whose mind was the abode of honour and virtue; to know that
the word of man could still bind to its earthly tabernacle the being,
voice, looks, thoughts, affections of our all; and yet, that the man
of power unlocks the secret chamber, rifles it of all its treasures,
and gives us, for the living mansion of the soul, a low, voiceless
grave:--against such tyranny, the softest heart must rebel; nor
scarcely could religion in its most powerful guise, the Catholic
religion, which almost tore aside for its votaries the veil between
time and eternity, teach submission to the victims.

Days flowed on. However replete with event, the past is but a point to
us; however empty, the present pervades all things. And when that
present is freighted with our whole futurity, it is as an adamantine
chain binding us to the hour; there is no escape from its omnipotence
and omnipresence; it is as the all-covering sky. We shut our eyes; the
monster's hollow breath is on our cheek; we look on all sides; from
each his horrid eyes glare on us; we would sleep; he whispers dreams.
Are we intelligible? Will those possessed by present tell us whether
any bondage, any Bastille, can suggest ideas of more frightful
tyranny, misery, than the cruel present, which clings to us, and
cannot be removed.

"It is so; he attempted to escape, and was discovered; he is low in
his dungeon; his dear eyes are faint from disappointed hope. He will
be tried. Tyranny will go forth in a masque, and with hideous antics
fancy that she mantles with a decorous garb her blood-thirsty acts. He
will be condemned; but he will not die! not die! Oh no, my Richard is
immortal--he cannot DIE!"

"My royal Cousin, when you gave me to my sweet love, and pledged your
word that in weal or woe I should be his; and I promised myself still
dearer things, to be the guardian angel and tutelar genius of his
life; and took pleasure, fond, foolish girl that I was, in the
anticipation of misfortunes that I should rob of all power to hurt; no
thought, among the many that strayed into futurity, told me of this
desertion, this impotence of effecting good. Alas! how deaf and cruel
man is: I could more easily tear asunder his prison-walls with my
hands, and break with my weak fingers his iron chains, than move one,
as liable to suffer and to die as even his victim, to pity!"

Elizabeth listened pale and silent to these complaints--bitter as they
were, they were hushed to more heart-rending silence, when the hour of
trial came--she should only pray to die, before the word that spoke
his condemnation met her ear. Accustomed as a Princess--a high-born
and respected daughter of one most powerful, to be obeyed and served;
to find herself destitute of all influence, seemed to place her in
another planet--it was not men--not her fellow-creatures that were
around her; but fiends who wore the mask of humanity. An uninhabited
desert had not been more solitary than this populous land, whose
language she possessed not; for what is language, if it reach not the
heart and move it?

Richard, the wonder of the time, gathered courage as ill-fortune
pressed more hardly upon him; in the hour of trial he did not quail,
but stood in bold, fearless innocence before the men, whose thoughts
were armed against his life. He was not guilty, he said, for he could
not be guilty of treason. When the indictment was read which treated
him as a foreigner and an alien, the spirit of the Plantagenet flashed
from his eyes, and the very stony-hearted clerk, who read, casting his
regards on him faltered and stammered, overawed by a blaze of dignity,
which, did we foster antique creeds, we might believe was shed over
him by some such spirit as imparted divine majesty to the person of
the King of Ithaca. Proudly and silently Richard listened to the
evidence on his trial. It touched only on such points as would
afterwards be most material for inculpation of poor Warwick. In the
end he was asked what he had to plead, wherefore judgment should not
pass upon him--but he was bid to be brief, and to beware not to use
any language derogatory to the high and mighty Prince, Henry, king of
these realms. A smile curled his lips at this admonition, and with
even a playful air he said, "My very good Lord, I ask for nothing,
save that a little mercy be extended to the memory of my gracious
uncle, my Lord of Gloucester, who was no child-murderer."

At the word he was interrupted, and sentence pronounced. As the
ignominious words were said, Richard, who from the beginning had
abstracted himself in prayer, so that his ears might be as little
wounded as possible by an unconquerable impulse put his hand where his
sword might have been. Its absence and the clanking of his chains
recalled him to the truth, and he muttered the words, "Oh, basely
murdered York!" in recollection of his unhappy grandfather, to whose
miserable fate he often recurred, as an example of suffering and

Thus ended the bitter scene; one he had long expected, for which he
had nerved himself. During nearly the whole, his look was as if he
were absent from it. But who could read the secrets of his heart,
while his impassive eyes and lips were no index to the agonies that
tortured it?


So young to go
Under the obscure, cold, rotting, wormy ground!
To be nailed down into a narrow place;
To see no more sweet sunshine; hear no more
Blithe voice of living thing; muse not again
Upon familiar thoughts, sad, yet thus lost--
How fearful!

"Speak to me, Lady, sister, speak! your frozen glances frighten me;
your fingers as I touch them, have no resistance or life. Dearest and
best, do not desert me, speak but one word, my own White Rose."

Katherine raised her blue eyes heavenward: as if the effort were too
great, they fell again on the ground, as she said, in a voice so low
that Elizabeth could hardly catch the sound; "I must see him once
again before he dies."

"And you shall, dearest, I promise you. Cheer up, my love, not to
affright him by looks like these. Indeed you shall see him, and I will
also; he shall know that he has a sister's prayers, a sister's love.
Patience, sweet Kate, but a little patience."

"Would I could sleep till then!" replied the miserable wife: and she
covered her face with her hands, as if to shut out the light of day,
and sighed bitterly.

When our purposes are inflexible, how do insurmountable obstacles
break before our strong will? so that often it seems that we are more
inconstant than fortune, and that with perseverance we might attain
the sum of our desires. The Queen, the weak, despised, powerless
Queen, resolved to gratify this one last wish of her beloved friend.
Many a motive urged her to it; compassion, love, and even self-
interest. At first she almost despaired; while Richard continued in
the Tower it was impossible; but on the twenty-third of November, two
days before the destined termination of his fatal tragedy, on the day
of the trial of poor Warwick, he was removed to the prison of Ludgate.
And here, at dead of night, Henry, being absent inspecting his new
palace at Richmond, Elizabeth, timid, trembling, shrinking now at the
last--and Katherine, far too absorbed in one thought to dream of fear,
took boat at West-minster, and were rowed along the dark, cold tide to
Blackfriars. They were silent; the Queen clasped her friend's hand,
which was chill and deathlike. Elizabeth trembled, accustomed to hope
for, to seek refuge in her stronger mind, she felt deserted, now that
she, engrossed by passion, silent and still, the wife of the near prey
of death, could remember only that yet for a little while he was
alive. Their short voyage seemed endless; still the oars splashed,
still the boat glided, and yet they arrived not. Could it last for
ever--with one hope ever in view, never to know that he was dead? The
thought passed into Katherine's mind with the sluggish but absorbing
tenacity of intense grief, and at last possessed it so wholly, that it
was with a scream of fear that she found herself close to shore.

The necessity of motion restored Katherine to her presence of mind,
while it deprived the Queen of the little courage she possessed.
Something was to be said and done: Elizabeth forgot what; but
Katherine spoke in a clear, though unnatural voice, and followed their
conductors with a firm step, supporting the faltering Queen. Yet she
addressed her not; her energies were wound up to achieve one thing;
more than that it would have cost her her life to attempt. They
reached the dark walls of the prison; a door was unbarred, and they
were admitted. The Princess passed the threshold with a quick step, as
if overjoyed thus to be nearer her wish. Elizabeth paused, trembled,
and almost wished to turn back.

They crossed the high-walled court, and passed through several dark
galleries: it seemed as if they would never arrive; and yet both
started, when they stopped at the door of a cell.

"Does his Grace expect us?" asked Katherine.

The turnkey looked as not understanding; but their guide, who was the
chaplain of the jail, answered.

"He does not. Fearful that some impediment might intervene, unwilling
to disturb by a disappointed hope a soul so near its heavenly home, I
have told him nothing."

"Gently, then," said Katherine, "let our speech be low."

The door opened, and displayed the son of the proud, luxurious Edward,
sleeping on a wretched mattress, chained to the pavement. The ladies
entered alone. Katherine glided noiselessly to his side; her first act
was to bend down her cheek, till his breath disturbed the ringlet that
rested on it; thus to assure herself that life was within his lips.
Elizabeth fixed her earnest gaze on him, to discover if in aught he
reminded her of the blue-eyed, flaxen-haired bridegroom of Anne
Mowbray: he more resembled a picture of her father in his early
manhood; and then again her aunt the Duchess of Burgundy, whom she had
seen just before King Edward's death. He lay there in placid eep;
thought and feeling absent; yet in that form resided the soul of
Richard; a bright casket containing a priceless gem: no flaw--no token
of weakness or decay. He lived--and at a word would come back from
oblivion to her world of love. A few days and that form would still
exist in all its fair proportion. But veil it quick; he is not there!
unholy and false is the philosophy, that teaches us that that lurid
mockery was the thing we loved.

And now he woke, almost to joy; yet sadness succeeded quickly to
rapture. "My poor girl," he said, "weep not for me; weep for thyself
rather; a rose grafted on a thorn. The degraded and disgraced claims
no such sorrow."

Katherine replied by an embrace; by laying her beautiful head on his
bosom, and listening with forgetful, delicious extacy to the
throbbings of his beating heart.

"Be not unjust to thyself," said a soft, unknown voice, breaking the
silence of the lovers; "be not false to thy house. We are a devoted
race, my brother; but we are proud even to the last."

"This is a new miracle," cried the Prince.

"Who, except this sainted one, will claim kindred with Tudor's enemy?"

"Tudor's wife; your sister. Do you not remember Elizabeth?"

As these words were said, Katherine, who appeared to have accomplished
her utmost wish, sat beside him, her arms around him, her sweet head
reposing, her eyes closed. Kissing her soft hair and fair brow, York
disentwined her clasped hands, and rose, addressing the trembling

"My sister," he said, "you do a deed which calls for blessings from
heaven upon you and yours. Till now, such was my unmanly spirit, the
stigma affixed to my name, the disgrace of my ignominious death, made
me odious to myself. The weakness of that thought is past; the love of
this sweetest sweet, and your kindness restore me. Indeed, my sister,
I am York--I am Plantagenet."

"As such," replied the Queen, "I ask a boon, for which, selfish as I
am, I chiefly came; my brother will not deny me?"

"Trifler, this is vanity. I can give nothing."

"Oh, every thing," exclaimed the lady; "years of peace, almost of
happiness, in exchange for a life of bitter loneliness and suffering.
You, my dearest Lord, know the celestial goodness of that fair White
Rose; in adversity and peril you have known it;--I amidst the cold
deceits of a court. She has vowed never to return to her native land,
to bear a questioned name among her peers; or perhaps to be forced by
her father to change it for one abhorred. Though she must hate me as
the wife of her injurer, yet where can she better be than with your
sister? She would leave me, for I am Tudor's Queen; bid her stay with
her Lord's nearest kinswoman; tell her that we will beguile the long
years of our too young life with talk of you; tell her that no where
will she find one so ready to bless your name as poor Elizabeth;
implore her, ah! on my knees do I implore you to bid her not to leave
me, a dead-alive, a miserable, bereft creature, such as I was ere I
knew her love."

"What say'st thou, sweet?" asked Richard; "am I yet monarch of that
soft heart? Will my single subject obey the crownless Richard?"

Katherine stretched out her hand to the Queen, who was at York's feet,
in token of compliance: she could not speak; it was a mighty effort to
press the fingers of Elizabeth slightly; who said.

"Before heaven and your dear Lord, I claim your promise; you are mine
for ever."

"A precious gift, my Bess; was it not thus my infant lips called you?
I trust her to you; and so the sting of death is blunted. Yet let not
too fond a lingering on one passed away, tarnish the bright hours that
may yet be in store for her. Forget me, sweet ones; I am nought; a
vapour which death and darkness inhales--best unremembered. Yet while
I live I would ask one question--our victim-cousin, Edward of

Elizabeth could no longer restrain her tears as she related, that,
however weak Warwick might heretofore have seemed, he appeared a
Plantagenet on his trial. He disdained the insulting formalities of
law, where the bitter Lancastrian, Lord Oxford, was the interpreter of
justice; he at once declared himself guilty of plotting to put the
English crown on the head of his cousin, the Duke of York. He was
quickly interrupted, and condemned to be beheaded.

"Generous, unhappy Warwick. Ah! is not life a misery, when all of
good, except ye two angelic creatures, die."

The signal was now given that the interview must end. Elizabeth wept.
Katherine, still voiceless, clung closer to her husband; while he
nerved himself to support these gentle spirits with manly fortitude.
One long, affectionate kiss he pressed on the mouth of Katherine; and
as her roseate lips yet asked another, another and another followed;
their lives mingled with their breath.

"We meet in Paradise, mine only one," whispered York; "through our
Lord's mercy assuredly we meet there."

He unwound her arms; he placed her in those of Elizabeth. "Cherish,
preserve her. Bless thee, my sister; thee, and thy children. They at
least will, by my death, reign rightfully over this kingdom.

He kissed her hand, and then again the lifeless hand of his wife, who
stood a breathing statue. She had not spoken; no words could utter her
despair. Another moment, and their fair forms were gone; the door of
his cell was closed; and, but for the presence of the God he
worshipped, Richard was left alone to solitude and night.


Love is too young to know what conscience is.

Yet who knows not, Conscience is born of Love?

Then, gentle cheater, urge not my amiss.

Lest guilty of my faults thy sweet self prove.


Time, we are told by all philosophers, is the sole medicine for grief.
Yet there are immortal regrets which must endure while we exist. Those
who have met with one, with whose every feeling and thought their
thoughts and feelings were entwined, who knew of no divided past, nor
could imagine a solitary futurity, to them what balm can time bring?
Time, the giver of hours, months, and years, each one how barren,
contemptible, and heavy to bear to the bereft!

There was no consolation for Katherine, which could make her for a
moment forget that her present existence was but the lees of life, the
spiritless remnants of a nectareous draught. But Katherine was gentle,
good, and resigned; she lived on, dispensing pleasure, adored by all
who approached her, and gladly hailing any visitation of happiness,
which might reach one whose affections were too fondly linked to the

Years had passed, since the last act of the sad tragedy which
destroyed her dearest hopes. She accompanied the Queen of England on a
progress made by her, and they remained one night at Eastwell Place,
the seat of Sir Thomas Moyle. There was a park, and stately pleasure-
grounds belonging to the house, undulating uplands, shady copses, and
sweet running brooks to diversify the scene. A crowd of the noble and
the gay were there, and the royal party was unusually mirthful;
fireworks, masks and dances were employed; and all joyously gave
themselves up to the spirit of the hour. The chords of a harp, a well-
known air, first awoke in the bosom of the White Rose that languid
melancholy, so near allied to pleasure, so close a neighbour to pain.
By degrees memory grew busy in her brain; she could no longer endure
the laughter of her companions, their sallies, nay, nor their
kindness; for Elizabeth perceived her dear friend's change of
countenance, and was approaching, when Katherine, making her a sign
not to remark her, stole away, and entering a straggling path,
wandered on, struggling with the tears, which the beauty of the
evening, and the very hilarity which just before she had shared,
caused to gush, warm and fast from her eyes.

She reached a little streamlet, and was passing forward, when she
became aware of the presence of another in the scene. A labouring man,
of middle age, (but his hair was grey, and flowed on his shoulders,)
was seated on the rustic masonry of a rude fountain, reading; he rose
when he saw the lady, and doffed his hat; she, with the cordial
sweetness that accompanied her slightest acts, gave him an evening
benison. Her voice, her look, her cordial manner moved to its depths a
heart lately hardened against her. As she passed on, the man followed
hastily, "Lady!" he cried.

It struck the Princess that this poor fellow had some request to
prefer to his master, and that he wished to do it through her medium;
she turned with a benevolent smile, "Can I do aught for you, good

His voice failed him; he stretched out his hand, which held his book,
she took it: the tiny volume was no stranger to her eyes; as if a
ghost had looked on her lonely watching, she trembled and grew pale,
when she opened it, and saw written in fair characters, by a hand now
dust, "La Rosa Blanca." The rustic knelt before her.

"Lady, Queen!" he cried, "Sole relic of the unforgotten! is it thus
that we meet?"

"My cousin Edmund!"

"Hush! breathe not even to the silent woods the unknown word. Fancy
not that I am Plantagenet; for all that was of worth in him you name,
died when the White Rose scattered its leaves upon the unworthy

"Ah! would that we had all died in that hour," cried Katherine: "why,
when the ungrateful world lost him, did not all the good and true die
also, so that they might no longer suffer!"

Plantagenet cast a reproachful glance on her, as he said, "Happy
indeed are those who die. O God! when I think of the many and the
beloved, who, a few years ago, were alive around me, and among whose
low silent graves I now walk alone, methinks I am dead; it is but the
ghost of him you knew that lingers upon earth."

"Yes, they are all gone," said the Princess; "all who linked me to the
past, and were portions of my Richard's being. They are gone from
before me. But are they truly no more, or do they live, like you,
brooding over the lost, disdaining to communicate with one who lives
but to remember them? Of the death of several I have heard; but often
I have longed with bitterness to hear of you, and of the Spanish
maiden, Monina de Faro."

"Her gentle soul," replied Edmund, "has flown to join him for whom she
lived and died. It is now two years since I was assured of this. A
friar, whom I had formerly well known, visited Lisbon; and I entreated
him to enquire for De Faro and his child. The commander of the Adalid
was almost forgotten; at last, an old sailor was found, who remembered
that, some years before, he had sailed for the Western Indies, and was
never heard of more."

"His daughter accompanied him?"

"In the churchyard of a convent, placed high among the foldings of
those lovely hills which overlook Lisbon, he was shown an humble tomb,
half defaced; her dear sac