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Title: Change
Author: Arthur Machen
* A Project Gutenberg of Australia eBook *
eBook No.: 0604191.txt
Language:  English
Date first posted: July 2006
Date most recently updated: July 2006

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                          Arthur Machen

"Here," said old Mr. Vincent Rimmer, fumbling in the pigeon-holes of his
great and ancient bureau, "is an oddity which may interest you."

He drew a sheet of paper out of the dark place where it had been hidden,
and handed it to Reynolds, his curious guest. The oddity was an ordinary
sheet of notepaper, of a sort which has long been popular; a bluish grey
with slight flecks and streaks of a darker blue embedded in its
substance. It had yellowed a little with age at the edges. The outer
page was blank; Reynolds laid it open, and spread it out on the table
beside his chair. He read something like this:

                    a  aa   e  ee   i   e  ee

                   aa   i   i   o   e  ee   o

                   ee  ee   i  aa   o  oo   o

                    a   o   a   a   e   i  ee

                    e   o   i  ee   a   e   i

Reynolds scanned it with stupefied perplexity.

"What on earth is it?" he said. "Does it mean anything? Is it a cypher,
or a silly game, or what?"

Mr. Rimmer chuckled. "I thought it might puzzle you," he remarked. "Do
you happen to notice anything about the writing; anything out of the way
at all?"

Reynolds scanned the document more closely.

"Well, I don't know that there is anything out of the way in the script
itself. The letters are rather big, perhaps, and they are rather
clumsily formed. But it's difficult to judge handwriting by a few
letters, repeated again and again. But, apart from the writing, what is

"That's a question that must wait a bit. There are many strange things
related to that bit of paper. But one of the strangest things about it
is this; that it is intimately connected with the Darren Mystery."

"What Mystery did you say? The Darren Mystery? I don't think I ever
heard of it."

"Well, it was a little before your time. And, in any case, I don't see
how you could have heard of it. There were, certainly, some very curious
and unusual circumstances in the case, but I don't think that they were
generally known, and if they were known, they were not understood. You
won't wonder at that, perhaps, when you consider that the bit of paper
before you was one of those circumstances."

"But what exactly happened?"

"That is largely a matter of conjecture. But, anyhow, here's the outside
of the case, for a beginning. Now, to start with, I don't suppose you've
ever been to Meirion? Well, you should go. It's a beautiful county, in
West Wales, with a fine sea-coast, and some very pleasant places to stay
at, and none of them too large or too popular. One of the smallest of
these places, Trenant, is just a village. There is a wooded height above
it called the Allt; and down below, the church, with a Celtic cross in
the churchyard, a dozen or so of cottages, a row of lodging-houses on
the slope round the corner, a few more cottages dotted along the road to
Meiros, and that's all. Below the village are marshy meadows where the
brook that comes from the hills spreads abroad, and then the dunes, and
the sea, stretching away to the Dragon's Head in the far east and
enclosed to the west by the beginnings of the limestone cliffs. There
are fine, broad sands all the way between Trenant and Porth, the
market-town, about a mile and a half away, and it's just the place for

"Well, just forty-five years ago, Trenant was having a very successful
season. In August there must have been eighteen or nineteen visitors in
the village. I was staying in Porth at the time, and, when I walked
over, it struck me that the Trenant beach was quite crowded--eight or
nine children castle-building and learning to swim, and looking for
shells, and all the usual diversions. The grown-up people sat in groups
on the edge of the dunes and read and gossiped, or took a turn towards
Porth, or perhaps tried to catch prawns in the rock-pools at the other
end of the sands. Altogether a very pleasant, happy scene in its simple
way, and, as it was a beautiful summer, I have no doubt they all enjoyed
themselves very much. I walked to Trenant and back three or four times,
and I noticed that most of the children were more or less in charge of a
very pretty dark girl, quite young, who seemed to advise in laying out
the ground-plan of the castle, and to take off her stockings and tuck up
her skirts--we thought a lot of Legs in those days--when the bathers
required supervision. She also indicated the kinds of shells which
deserved the attention of collectors: an extremely serviceable girl.

"It seemed that this girl, Alice Hayes, was really in charge of the
children--or of the greater part of them. She was a sort of
nursery-governess or lady of all work to Mrs. Brown, who had come down
from London in the early part of July with Miss Hayes and little
Michael, a child of eight, who refused to recover nicely from his attack
of measles. Mr. Brown had joined them at the end of the month with the
two elder children, Jack and Rosamund. Then, there were the Smiths, with
their little family, and the Robinsons with their three; and the fathers
and mothers, sitting on the beach every morning, got to know each other
very easily. Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Robinson soon appreciated Miss Hayes's
merits as a child-herd; they noticed that Mrs. Brown sat placid and went
on knitting in the sun, quite safe and unperturbed, while they suffered
from recurrent alarms. Jack Smith, though barely fourteen, would be seen
dashing through the waves, out to sea, as if he had quite made up his
mind to swim to the Dragon's Head, about twenty miles away, or Jane
Robinson, in bright pink, would appear suddenly right away among the
rocks of the point, ready to vanish into the perilous unknown round the
corner. Hence, alarums and excursions, tiring expeditions of rescue and
remonstrance, through soft sand or over slippery rocks under a hot sun.
And then these ladies would discover that certain of their offspring had
entirely disappeared or were altogether missing from the landscape; and
dreadful and true tales of children who had driven tunnels into the sand
and had been overwhelmed therein rushed to the mind. And all the while
Mrs. Brown sat serene, confident in the overseership of her Miss Hayes.
So, as was to be gathered, the other two took counsel together. Mrs.
Brown was approached, and something called an arrangement was made, by
which Miss Hayes undertook the joint mastership of all three packs,
greatly to the ease of Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Robinson.

It was about this time, I suppose, that I got to know this group of
holiday-makers. I had met Smith, whom I knew slightly in town, in the
street of Porth, just as I was setting out for one of my morning walks.
We strolled together to Trenant on the firm sand down by the water's
edge, and introductions went round, and so I joined the party, and sat
with them, watching the various diversions of the children and the
capable superintendence of Miss Hayes.

"Now there's a queer thing about this little place," said Brown, a
genial man, connected, I believe, with Lloyd's. "Wouldn't you say this
was as healthy a spot as any you could find? Well sheltered from the
north, southern aspect, never too cold in winter, fresh sea-breeze in
summer: what could you have more?"

"Well," I replied, "it always agrees with me very well: a little
relaxing, perhaps, but I like being relaxed. Isn't it a healthy place,
then? What makes you think so?"

"I'll tell you. We have rooms in Govan Terrace, up there on the
hill-side. The other night I woke up with a coughing fit. I got out of
bed to get a drink of water, and then had a look out of the windows to
see what sort of night it was. I didn't like the look of those clouds in
the south-west after sunset the night before. As you can see, the upper
windows of Govan Terrace command a good many of the village houses. And,
do you know, there was a light in almost every house? At two o'clock in
the morning. Apparently the village is full of sick people. But who
would have thought it?"

We were sitting a little apart from the rest. Smith had brought a London
paper from Porth and he and Robinson had their heads together over the
City article. The three women were knitting and talking hard, and down
by the blue, creaming water Miss Hayes and her crew were playing happily
in the sunshine.

"Do you mind," I said to Brown, "if I swear you to secrecy? A limited
secrecy: I don't want you to speak of this to any of the village people.
They wouldn't like it. And have you told your wife or any of the party
about what you saw?"

"As a matter of fact, I haven't said a word to anybody. Illness isn't a
very cheerful topic for a holiday, is it? But what's up? You don't mean
to say there's some sort of epidemic in the place that they're keeping
dark? I say! That would be awful. We should have to leave at once. Think
of the children."

"Nothing of the kind. I don't think that there's a single case of
illness in the place--unless you count old Thomas Evans, who has been in
what he calls a decline for thirty years. You won't say anything? Then
I'm going to give you a shock. The people have a light burning in their
houses all night to keep out the fairies."

I must say it was a success. Brown looked frightened. Not of the
fairies; most certainly not; rather at the reversion of his established
order of things. He occupied his business in the City; he lived in an
extremely comfortable house at Addiscombe; he was a keen though sane
adherent of the Liberal Party; and in the world between these points
there was no room at all either for fairies or for people who believed
in fairies. The latter were almost as fabulous to him as the former, and
still more objectionable.

"Look here!" he said at last. "You're pulling my leg. Nobody believes in
fairies. They haven't for hundreds of years. Shakespeare didn't believe
in fairies. He says so."

I let him run on. He implored me to tell him whether it was typhoid, or
only measles, or even chicken-pox. I said at last:

"You seem very positive on the subject of fairies. Are you sure there
are no such things?"

"Of course I am," said Brown, very crossly.

"How do you know?"

It is a shocking thing to be asked a question like that, to which, be it
observed, there is no answer. I left him seething dangerously.

"Remember," I said, "not a word of lit windows to anybody; but if you
are uneasy as to epidemics, ask the doctor about it."

He nodded his head glumly. I knew he was drawing all sorts of false
conclusions; and for the rest of our stay I would say that he did not
seek me out--until the last day of his visit. I had no doubt that he put
me down as a believer in fairies and a maniac; but it is, I consider,
good for men who live between the City and Liberal Politics and
Addiscombe to be made to realize that there is a world elsewhere. And,
as it happens, it was quite true that most of the Trenant people
believed in the fairies and were horribly afraid of them.

But this was only an interlude. I often strolled over and joined the
party. And I took up my freedom with the young members by contributing
posts and a tennis net to the beach sports. They had brought down
rackets and balls, in the vague idea that they might be able to get a
game somehow and somewhere, and my contribution was warmly welcomed. I
helped Miss Hayes to fix the net, and she marked out the court, with the
help of many suggestions from the elder children, to which she did not
pay the slightest attention. I think the constant disputes as to whether
the ball was "in" or "out" brightened the game, though Wimbledon would
not have approved. And sometimes the elder children accompanied their
parents to Porth in the evening and watched the famous Japanese Jugglers
or Pepper's Ghost at the Assembly Rooms, or listened to the Mysterious
Musicians at the De Barry Gardens--and altogether everybody had, you
would say, a very jolly time.

It all came to a dreadful end. One morning when I had come out on my
usual morning stroll from Porth, and had got to the camping ground of
the party at the edge of the dunes, I found somewhat to my surprise that
there was nobody there. I was afraid that Brown had been in part
justified in his dread of concealed epidemics, and that some of the
children had "caught something" in the village. So I walked up in the
direction of Govan Terrace, and found Brown standing at the bottom of
his flight of steps, and looking very much upset.

I hailed him.

"I say," I began, "I hope you weren't right, after all. None of the
children down with measles, or anything of that sort?"

"It's something worse than measles. We none of us know what has
happened. The doctor can make nothing of it. Come in, and we can talk it

Just then a procession came down the steps leading from a house a few
doors further on. First of all there was the porter from the station,
with a pile of luggage on his truck. Then came the two elder Smith
children, Jack and Millicent, and finally, Mr. and Mrs. Smith. Mr. Smith
was carrying something wrapped in a bundle in his arms.

"Where's Bob?" He was the youngest; a brave, rosy little man of five or

"Smith's carrying him," murmured Brown. "What's happened? Has he hurt
himself on the rocks? I hope it's nothing serious."

I was going forward to make my enquiries, but Brown put a hand on my arm
and checked me. Then I looked at the Smith party more closely, and I saw
at once that there was something very much amiss. The two elder children
had been crying, though the boy was doing his best to put up a brave
face against disaster--whatever it was. Mrs. Smith had drawn her veil
over her face, and stumbled as she walked, and on Smith's face there was
a horror as of ill dreams.

"Look," said Brown in his low voice.

Smith had half-turned, as he set out with his burden to walk down the
hill to the station. I don't think he knew we were there; I don't think
any of the party had noticed us as we stood on the bottom step,
half-hidden by a blossoming shrub. But as he turned uncertainly, like a
man in the dark, the wrappings fell away a little from what he carried,
and I saw a little wizened, yellow face peering out; malignant,

I turned helplessly to Brown, as that most wretched procession went on
its way and vanished out of sight.

"What on earth has happened? That's not Bobby. Who is it?"

"Come into the house," said Brown, and he went before me up the long
flight of steps that led to the terrace.

There was a shriek and a noise of thin, shrill, high-pitched laughter as
we came into the lodging-house.

"That's Miss Hayes in blaspheming hysterics," said Brown grimly. "My
wife's looking after her. The children are in the room at the back. I
daren't let them go out by themselves in this awful place." He beat with
his foot on the floor and glared at me, awe-struck, a solid man shaken.

"Well," he said at last, "I'll tell you what we know; and as far as I
can make out, that's very little. However.... You know Miss Hayes, who
helps Mrs. Brown with the children, had more or less taken over the
charge of the lot; the young Robinsons and the Smiths, too. You've seen
how well she looks after them all on the sands in the morning. In the
afternoon she's been taking them inland for a change. You know there's
beautiful country if you go a little way inland; rather wild and woody;
but still very nice; pleasant and shady. Miss Hayes thought that the
all-day glare of the sun on the sands might not be very good for the
small ones, and my wife agreed with her. So they took their teas with
them and picnicked in the woods and enjoyed themselves very much, I
believe. They didn't go more than a couple of miles or three at the
outside; and the little ones used to take turns in a go-cart. They never
seemed too tired.

"Yesterday at lunch they were talking about some caves at a place called
the Darren, about two miles away. My children seemed very anxious to see
them, and Mrs. Probert, our landlady, said they were quite safe, so the
Smiths and Robinsons were called in, and they were enthusiastic, too;
and the whole party set off with their tea-baskets, and candles and
matches, in Miss Hayes's charge. Somehow they made a later start than
usual, and from what I can make out they enjoyed themselves so much in
the cool dark cave, first of all exploring, and then looking for
treasure, and winding up with tea by candlelight, that they didn't
notice how the time was going--nobody had a watch--and by the time
they'd packed up their traps and come out from underground, it was quite
dark. They had a little trouble making out the way at first, but not
very much, and came along in high spirits, tumbling over molehills and
each other, and finding it all quite an adventure.

"They had got down in the road there, and were sorting themselves out
into the three parties, when somebody called out: 'Where's Bobby Smith?'
Well, he wasn't there. The usual story; everybody thought he was with
somebody else. They were all mixed up in the dark, talking and laughing
and shrieking at the top of their voices, and taking everything for
granted--I suppose it was like that. But poor little Bob was missing.
You can guess what a scene there was. Everybody was much too frightened
to scold Miss Hayes, who had no doubt been extremely careless, to say
the least of it--not like her. Robinson pulled us together. He told Mrs.
Smith that the little chap would be perfectly all right: there were no
precipices to fall over and no water to fall into, the way they'd been,
that it was a warm night, and the child had had a good stuffing tea, and
he would be as right as rain when they found him. So we got a man from
the farm, with a lantern, and Miss Hayes to show us exactly where they'd
been, and Smith and Robinson and I went off to find poor Bobby, feeling
a good deal better than at first. I noticed that the farm man seemed a
good deal put out when we told him what had happened and where we were
going. 'Got lost in the Darren,' he said, 'indeed, that is a pity.' That
set Smith off at once; and he asked Williams what he meant; what was the
matter with the place? Williams said there was nothing the matter with
it at all whatever but it was 'a tiresome place to be in after dark.'
That reminded me of what you were saying a couple of weeks ago about the
people here. 'Some damned superstitious nonsense,' I said to myself, and
thanked God it was nothing worse. I thought the fellow might be going to
tell us of a masked bog or something like that. I gave Smith a hint in a
whisper as to where the land lay; and we went on, hoping to come on
little Bob any minute. Nearly all the way we were going through open
fields without any cover or bracken or anything of that sort, and
Williams kept twirling his lantern, and Miss Hayes and the rest of us
called out the child's name; there didn't seem much chance of missing

"However, we saw nothing of him--till we got to the Darren. It's an odd
sort of place, I should think. You're in an ordinary field, with a
gentle upward slope, and you come to a gate, and down you go into a
deep, narrow valley; a regular nest of valleys as far as I could make
out in the dark, one leading into another, and the sides covered with
trees. The famous caves were on one of these steep slopes, and, of
course, we all went in. They didn't stretch far; nobody could have got
lost in them, even if the candles gave out. We searched the place
thoroughly, and saw where the children had had their tea: no signs of
Bobby. So we went on down the valley between the woods, till we came to
where it opens out into a wide space, with one tree growing all alone in
the middle. And then we heard a miserable whining noise, like some
little creature that's got hurt. And there under the tree was--what you
saw poor Smith carrying in his arms this morning.

"It fought like a wild cat when Smith tried to pick it up, and jabbered
some unearthly sort of gibberish. Then Miss Hayes came along and seemed
to soothe it; and it's been quiet ever since. The man with the lantern
was shaking with terror; the sweat was pouring down his face."

I stared hard at Brown. "And," I thought to myself, "you are very much
in the same condition as Williams."

Brown was obviously overcome with dread. We sat there in silence.

"Why do you say 'it'?" I asked. "Why don't you say 'him'?"

"You saw."

"Do you mean to tell me seriously that you don't believe that child you
helped to bring home was Bobby? What does Mrs. Smith say?"

"She says the clothes are the same. I suppose it must be Bobby. The
doctor from Porth says the child must have had a severe shock. I don't
think he knows anything about it."

He stuttered over his words, and said at last: "I was thinking of what
you said about the lighted windows. I hoped you might be able to help.
Can you do anything? We are leaving this afternoon; all of us. Is there
nothing to be done?"

"I am afraid not."

I had nothing else to say. We shook hands and parted without more words.

The next day I walked over to the Darren. There was something fearful
about the place, even in the haze of a golden afternoon. As Brown had
said, the entrance and the disclosure of it were sudden and abrupt. The
fields of the approach held no hint of what was to come. Then, past the
gate, the ground fell violently away on every side, grey rocks of an ill
shape pierced through it, and the ash trees on the steep slopes
overshadowed all. The descent was into silence, without the singing of a
bird, into a wizard shade. At the farther end, where the wooded heights
retreated somewhat, there was the open space, or circus, of turf; and in
the middle of it a very ancient, twisted thorn tree, beneath which the
party in the dark had found the little creature that whined and cried
out in unknown speech. I turned about, and on my way back I entered the
caves, and lit the carriage candle I had brought with me. There was
nothing much to see--I never think there is much to see in caves. There
was the place where the children and others before them had taken their
tea, with a ring of blackened stones within which many fires and twigs
had been kindled. In caves or out of caves, townsfolk in the country are
always alike in leaving untidy and unseemly litter behind; and here were
the usual scraps of greasy paper, daubed with smears of jam and butter,
the half-eaten sandwich, and the gnawed crust. Amidst all this nastiness
I saw a piece of folded notepaper, and in sheer idleness picked it up
and opened it. You have just seen it. When I asked you if you saw
anything peculiar about the writing, you said that the letters were
rather big and clumsy. The reason of that is that they were written by a
child. I don't think you examined the back of the second leaf. Look:
"Rosamund"--Rosamund Brown, that is. And beneath; there, in the corner.

Reynolds looked, and read, and gaped aghast.

"That was--her other name; her name in the dark."

"Name in the dark?"

"In the dark night of the Sabbath. That pretty girl had caught them all.
They were in her hands, those wretched children, like the clay images
she made. I found one of those things, hidden in a cleft of the rocks,
near the place where they had made their fire. I ground it into dust
beneath my feet."

"And I wonder what her name was?"

"They called her, I think, the Bridegroom and the Bride."

"Did you ever find out who she was, or where she came from?"

"Very little. Only that she had been a mistress at the Home for
Christian Orphans in North Tottenham, where there was a hideous scandal
some years before."

"Then she must have been older than she looked, according to your


They sat in silence for a few minutes. Then Reynolds said:

"But I haven't asked you about this formula, or whatever you may call
it--all these vowels, here. Is it a cypher?"

"No. But it is really a great curiosity, and it raises some
extraordinary questions, which are outside this particular case. To
begin with--and I am sure I could go much farther back than my
beginning, if I had the necessary scholarship--I once read an English
rendering of a Greek manuscript of the second or third century--I won't
be certain which. It's a long time since I've seen the thing. The
translator and editor of it was of the opinion that it was a Mithraic
Ritual; but I have gathered that weightier authorities are strongly
inclined to discredit this view. At any rate, it was no doubt an
initiation rite into some mystery; possibly it had Gnostic connections;
I don't know. But our interest lies in this, that one of the stages or
portals, or whatever you call them, consisted almost exactly of that
formula you have in your hand. I don't say that the vowels and double
vowels are in the same order; I don't think the Greek manuscript has any
aes or aas. But it is perfectly clear that the two documents are of
the same kind and have the same purpose. And, advancing a little in time
from the Greek manuscript, I don't think it is very surprising that the
final operation of an incantation in medival and later magic consisted
of this wailing on vowels arranged in a certain order.

"But here is something that is surprising. A good many years ago I
strolled one Sunday morning into a church in Bloomsbury, the
headquarters of a highly respectable sect. And in the middle of a very
dignified ritual, there rose quite suddenly, without preface or warning,
this very sound, a wild wail of vowels. The effect was astounding,
anyhow; whether it was terrifying or merely funny, is a matter of taste.
You'll have guessed what I heard: they call it 'speaking with tongues,'
and they believe it to be a heavenly language. And I need scarcely say
that they meant very well. But the problem is: how did a congregation of
solid Scotch Presbyterians hit on that queer, ancient and not
over-sanctified method of expressing spiritual emotion? It is a singular

"And that woman? That is not by any means so difficult. The good
Scotchmen--I can't think how they did it--got hold of something that
didn't belong to them: she was in her own tradition. And, as they say
down there: asakai dasa: the darkness is undying."


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