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Title: From Pole to Pole
Author: George Griffith
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Language: English
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From Pole To Pole
George Griffith

An Account of a Journey Through the Axis of the Earth; Collated From
the Diaries of the Late Professor Haffkin and His Niece, Mrs. Arthur


"Well, Professor, what is it? Something pretty important, I suppose,
from the wording of your note. What is the latest achievement? Have
you solved the problem of aerial navigation, or got a glimpse into the
realms of the fourth dimension, or what?"

"No, not any of those as yet, my friend, but something that may be
quite as wonderful of its sort," replied Professor Haffkin, putting
his elbows down on the table and looking keenly across it under his
shaggy, iron-grey eyebrows at the young man who was sitting on the
opposite side pulling meditatively at a good cigar and sipping a

"Well, if it is something really extraordinary and at the same time
practicable--as you know, my ideas of the practicable are fairly
wide--I'm there as far as the financial part goes. As regards the
scientific end of the business, if you say 'Yes,' it is 'Yes.'"

Mr. Arthur Princeps had very good reasons for thus "going blind" on a
project of which he knew nothing save that it probably meant a sort of
scientific gamble to the tune of several thousands of pounds. He had
had the good fortune to sit under the Professor when he was a student
at, the Royal School of Mines, and being possessed of that rarest of
all gifts, an intuitive imagination, he had seen vast possibilities
through the meshes of the verbal network of the Professor's lectures.

Further, the kindly Fates had blessed him with a twofold dowry. He had
a keen and insatiable thirst for that kind of knowledge which is
satisfied only by the demonstration of hard facts. He was a student of
physical science simply because he couldn't help it; and his
grandfather had left him groundrents in London, Birmingham, and
Manchester, and coal and iron mines in half-adozen counties, which
produced an almost preposterous income.

At the same time, he had inherited from his mother and his grandmother
that kind of intellect which enabled him to look upon all this wealth
as merely a means to an end.

Later on, Profeesor Haffkin had been his examiner in Applied
Mathematics at London University, and he had done such an astonishing
paper that he had come to him after he had taken his D.Sc. degree and
asked him in brief but pregnant words for the favour of his personal
acquaintance. This had led to an intellectual intimacy which not only
proved satisfactory from the social and scientific points of view, but
also materialised on many profitable patents.

The Professor was a man rich in ideas, but comparatively poor in
money. Arthur Princeps had both ideas and money, and as a result of
this conjunction of personalities the man of science had made
thousands out of his inventions, while the scientific man of business
had made tens of thousands by exploiting them; and that is how matters
stood between them on this particular evening when they were dining
tete-a-tete in the Professor's house in Russell Square.

When dinner was over, the Professor got up and said---

"Bring your cigar up into the study, Mr. Princeps. I want a pipe, and
I can talk more comfortably there than here. Besides, I've something
to show you."

"All right, Professor; but if you're going to have a pipe, I'll do the
same. One can think better with a pipe than a cigar. It takes too much

He tossed the half of his Muria into the grate and followed the
Professor up to his sanctum, which was half study, half laboratory,
and withal a very comfortable apartment. There was a bright wood-and-
coal fire burning in the old-fashioned grate, and on either side of
the hearth there was a nice, deep, cosy armchair.

"Now, Mr. Princeps," said the Professor, when they were seated, "I am
going to ask you to believe something which I dare say you will think

"My dear sir, if you think it possible, that is quite enough for me,"
replied Princeps. "What is it?"

The Professor took a long pull at his pipe, and then, turning his head
so that his eyes met his guest's, he replied---

"It's a journey through the centre of the earth."

Arthur Princeps bit the amber of his pipe clean through, sat bolt
upright, caught the pipe in his hand, spat the pieces of amber into
the fireplace, and said---

"I beg your pardon, Professor--through the centre of the earth? That's
rather a large order, isn't it? I've just been reading an article in
one of the scientific papers which goes to show that the centre of the
earth--the kernel of the terrestrial nut, as it were--is a rigid,
solid body harder and denser than anything we know on the surface."

"Quite so, quite so," replied the Professor. "I have read the article
myself, and I admit that the reasoning is sound as far as it goes but
I don't think it goes quite far enough--I mean far enough back.
However, I think I can show you what I mean in a much shorter time
than I can tell you."

As he said this, he got up from his chair and went to a little
cupboard in a big bureau which stood in a recess beside the fireplace.
He took out a glass vessel about six inches in diameter and twelve in
height, and placed it gently on a little table which stood between the

Princeps glanced at it and saw that it was filled with a fluid which
looked like water. Exactly half-way between the surface of the fluid
and the bottom of the glass there was a spherical globule of a
brownish-yellow colour, and about an inch in diameter. As the
Professor set the glass on the table, the globule oscillated a little
and then came to a rest. Princeps looked at it with a little lift of
his eyelids, but said nothing. His host went back to the cupboard and
took out a long, thin, steel needle with a little disc of thin white
metal fixed about three inches from the end. He lowered it into the
fluid in the glass and passed it through the middle of the globule,
which broke as the disc passed into it, and then re-shaped itself
again in perfectly spherical form about it.

The Professor looked up and said, just as though he were repeating a
portion of one of his lectures---

"This is a globule of coloured oil. It floats in a mixture of alcohol
and water which is of exactly the same specific gravity as its own. It
thus represents as nearly as possible the earth in its former molten
condition, floating in space. The earth had then, as now, a rotary
action on its own axis. This needle represents that axis. I give it a
rotary motion, and you will see here what happened millions of years
ago to the infant planet Terra."

As he said this, he began to twirl the needle swiftly but very
steadily between the forefingers of his right and left hand. The
globule flattened and spread out laterally until it became a ring,
with the needle and the disc in the centre of it. Then the twirling
slowed down. The ring became a globule again, but it was flattened at
either pole, and there was a clearly defined circular hole through it
from pole to pole. The Professor deftly withdrew the needle and disc
through the opening, and the globule continued to revolve round the
hole through its centre.

"That is what I mean," he said. "Of course, I needn't go into detail
with you. There is the earth as I believe it to be today, with certain
exceptions which you will readily see.

"The exterior crust has cooled. Inside that there is probably a semi-
fluid sphere, and inside that again, possibly, the rigid body, the
core of the earth. But I don't believe that that hole has been filled,
simply because it must have been there to begin with. Granted also
that the pull of gravitation is towards the centre, still, if there is
a void from Pole to Pole, as I hold there must be, as a natural
consequence of the centrifugal force generated by the earth's
revolution, the mass of the earth would pull equally in all directions
away from that void."

"I think I see," said Princeps, upon whom the astounding possibilities
of this simple demonstration had been slowly breaking. "I see. Granted
a passage like that from Pole to Pole--call it a tunnel--a body
falling into it at one end would be drawn towards the centre. It would
pass it at a tremendous velocity and be carried towards the other end;
but as the attraction of the mass of the earth would be equal on all
sides of it, it would take a perfectly direct course--I mean, it
wouldn't smash itself to bits against the sides of the tunnel.

"The only difficulty that I see is that, suppose that the body were
dropped into the tunnel at the North Pole, it wouldn't quite reach the
South Pole. It would stop and turn back, and so it would oscillate
like a pendulum with an ever-decreasing swing--until it finally came
to rest in the middle of the tunnel---or, in other words, the centre
of the earth."

"Exactly," said the Professor. "But would it not be possible for means
to be taken to propel the projectile beyond the attraction from the
centre if those means were employed at the moment when the momentum of
the body was being counteracted by the return pull towards the

"Perfectly feasible," said Princeps, "provided always that there were
reasonable beings in the said projectile. Well, Professor, I think I
understand you now. You believe that there is this tunnel, as we may
call it, running through the earth from Pole to Pole, and you want to
get to one of the Poles and make a journey through it.

"It's a gorgeous idea, I must confess. You've only got to tell me that
you really think it possible, and I'm with you. If you like to
undertake the details, you can draw on me up to a hundred thousand;
and when you're ready, I'll go with you. Which Pole do you propose to
start from?"

"The North Pole," said the Professor, quietly, as though he were
uttering the merest commonplace, "although still undiscovered, is
getting a little bit hackneyed. I propose that we shall start from the
South Pole. It is very good of you to be so generous in the way of
finances. Of course, you understand that you cannot hope for any
monetary return, and it is also quite possible that we may both lose
our lives."

"People who stick at small things never do great ones," replied
Princeps. "As for the money, it doesn't matter. I have too much--more
than anyone ought to have. Besides, we might find oceans of half-
molten gold inside--who knows? Anyhow, when you're ready to start, I


Nearly two months after this conversation had taken place, something
else happened. The Professor's niece, the only blood-relation he had
in the world, came back from Heidelburg with her degree of Doctorof
Philosophy. She was "a daughter of the Gods, divinely tall and most
divinely fair," as became one in whose veins ran both the Norse and
the Anglo-Saxon blood. Certain former experiences had led Princeps to
the opinion that she liked him exceedingly for himself, and disliked
him almost as much for his money--a fact which somehow made the
possession of millions seem very unprofitable in his eyes.

Brenda Haffkin happened to get back to London the day after everything
had been arranged for the most amazing and seemingly impossible
expedition that two human beings had ever decided to attempt.

The British Government and the Royal Geographical Society of London
were sending out a couple of vessels--one a superannuated whaler, and
the other a hopelessly obsolete cruiser, which had narrowly escaped
experimental bombardment--to the frozen land of Antarctic. A splendid
donation to the funds of the expedition had procured a passage in the
cruiser for the adventurers and about ten tons of baggage, the
ultimate use of which was little dreamt of by any other member of the

The great secret was broken to Brenda about a week before the starting
of the expedition. Her uncle explained the theory of the project to
her, and Arthur Princeps added the footnotes, as it were. Whatever she
thought of it, she betrayed no sign either of belief or disbelief; but
when the Professor had finished, she turned to Princeps and said very
quietly, but with a most eloquent glow in those big, grey eyes into
which he had often looked so longingly---

"And you are really going on this expedition, Mr. Princeps? You are
going to run the risk of probable starvation and more than probable
destruction; and, in addition to that, you must be spending a great
deal of money to do it--you who have money enough to buy everything
that the world can sell you?"

"What the world can sell, Miss Haffkin--or, in other words, what money
can buy--has very little value beyond the necessaries of life. It is
what money cannot buy, what the world has not got to sell, that is
really precious. I suppose you know what I mean," he said, putting his
hands into his pockets and turning to stare in an unmeaning way out of
the window. "But I beg your pardon. I didn't mean to get back on to
that old subject, I can assure you."

"And you really are going on this expedition?" she said, with a
deliciously direct inconsequence which, in a beautiful Doctor of
Philosophy, was quite irresistible.

"Of course I will. Why not? If we find that there really is a tunnel
through the earth, and jump in at the South Pole and come out at the
North, and take a series of electro-cinematograph photographs of the
crust and core of the earth, we shall have done something that no one
else has ever thought about. There ought to be some millions in it,
too, besides the glory."

"And suppose you don't? Suppose this wonderful vessel of uncle's gets
launched into this bottomless pit, and doesn't come out properly at
the other end? Suppose your explosive just misses fire at the wrong
moment, and when you've nearly reached the North Pole you go back
again past the centre, and so on, and so on, until, perhaps, two or
three centuries hence, your vessel comes to rest at the centre with a
couple of skeletons inside it---what then?"

"We should take a medicine-chest with us, and I don't suppose we
should wait for starvation."

"And so you seriously propose to stake your life and all your splendid
prospects in the world on the bare chance of accomplishing, an almost
impossibly fantastic achievement?"

"That's about what it comes to, I suppose. I don't really see how a
man in my position could spend his money and risk his life much

There was a little silence after this, and then Brenda said, in a
somewhat altered voice--

"If you really are going, I should like to come, too."

"You could only do that, Miss Haffkin, on one condition."

"And that is---?"

"That you say 'Yes' now to a question you said 'No' to nine months
ago. You can call it bribery or corruption, or whatever you like; but
there it is. On the other hand, as I have quite made up my mind about
this expedition, I might as well tell you that if I don't get back,
you will hear of something to your advantage by calling on my

"I would rather go and work in a shop than do that!" she said. "Still,
if you'll let me come with you, I will."

"Then the 'No' is 'Yes'?" he said, taking a half turn towards her and
catching hold of her hand.

"Yes," she said, looking him frankly in the eyes. "You see, I didn't
think you were in earnest about these things before; but now I see you
are, and that makes you very different, you know, although you have
such a horrible lot of money. Of course, it was my fault all the time,
but still--"

She was in his arms by this time, and the discussion speedily reached
a perfectly satisfactory, if partially inarticulate, conclusion.


The quiet wedding by special licence at St. Martin's, Gowcr Street,
and the voyage from Southampton to Victoria Land, were very much like
other weddings and other voyages; but when the whaler Australia and
His Majesty's cruiser Beltona dropped their anchors under the smoke-
shadow of Mount Terror, the mysterious cases were opened, and the
officers and crew began to have grave suspicions as to the sanity of
their passengers.

The cases were brought up on deck with the aid of the derricks, and
then they got unpacked. The ships were lying about a hundred yards off
a frozen, sandy beach. Back of this rose a sheer wall of ice about
eighteen hundred feet high. On this side lay all that was known of
Antarctica. On the other was the Unknown.

The greater part of the luggage was very heavy. Many and wild were the
guesses as to what the contents of these cares could possibly be used
for at the uttermost ends of the earth.

The Handy Men only saw insanity--or, at least, a hopelessly
impracticable kind of method--in the unloading of those strange-
looking stores. There were little cylinders of a curiously light
metal, with screw-taps on either end of them-about two thousand of
them. There were also queer "fitments" which, when they were landed,
somehow erected themselves into sledges with cog-wheels alongside
them. There were also little balloons, filled out of the taps of the
cylinders, which went up attached to big kites of the quadrangular or
box form. When the wind was sufficiently strong, and blowing in the
right direction towards the Southern Pole, a combination of these
kites took up Professor Haffkin and Mr. Arthur Princeps, and then,
after a good many protestations, Mrs. Princeps. She, happening to get
to the highest elevation, came down and reported that she had seen
what no other Northernborn human being had ever seen.

She had looked over the great Ice Wall of the South, and from the
summit of it she had seen nothing but an illimitable plain of snow-
prairies, here and there broken up by a few masses of icemountains,
but, so far as she could see, intersected by snow-valleys, smooth and
hard frozen, stretching away beyond the limit of vision to the South.

"Nothing," she said, "could have been better arranged, even if we had
done it ourselves; and there is one thing quite certain--granted that
that hole through the earth really exists, there oughtn't to be any
difficulty in getting to the edge of it. The wind seems always blowing
in the same direction, and with the sledges and the auxiliary balloons
we ought to simply race along. It's only a little over twelve hundred
miles, isn't it?"

"About that," said the Professor, opening his eyes a little wider than
usual. "And now that we have got our stores all landed, and, as far as
we can provide, everything that can stand between us and destruction,
we may as well say 'Good-bye' to our friends and world. If we ever get
back again, it will be via the North Pole, after we have accomplished
what the sceptics call the impossible.

"But, Brenda, dear, don't you think you had better go back?" said her
husband, laying his hands on her shoulders. "Why should you risk your
life and all its possibilities in such an adventure as this?"

"If you risk it," she said, "I will. If you don't, I won't. You don't
seem to have grasped the fact even yet that you and I are to all
intents and purposes the same person. If you go, I go--through danger
to death, or to glory such as human beings never won before. You asked
me to choose, and that is what I have chosen. I will vanish with you
into the Unknown, or I will come out with you at the North Pole in a
blaze of glory that will make the Aurora Borealis itself look shabby.
But whatever happens to you must happen to me as well, and the money
in England must just take care of itself until we get back. That is
all I have to say at present."

"And I wouldn't like you to hear you say one syllable more. You've
said just what I wanted you to say, just what I thought you would say,
and that's about good enough for me. We go from South to North through
the core of the earth, or stop and be smashed up somewhere midway or
elsewhere, but we'll do it together. If the inevitable happens, I will
kill you first and then myself. If we get through, you will 'be, in
the eyes of all men, just what I think you are now, and-well, that's
about enough said, isn't it?"

"Almost," she said, "except--"

And then, reading what was plainly written in her eyes, he caught her
closer to him.

Their lips met and finished the sentence more meaningly than any words
could have done.

"I thought you'd say that," he said afterwards.

"I don't think you'd have asked me to marry you if you hadn't thought
it," she said.

"No," he said. "I wouldn't. It seems a bit brutal to say so, but
really I wouldn't."

"And if you hadn't asked like that," she said, once more looking him
straight in the eyes, "I should have said 'No,' just as I did before."

She looked very tempting as she said this. He pulled her towards him;
and as she turned her face up to his, he said-

"Has it ever struck you that there is infinitely more delight to a man
in kissing lips which have once said 'No' to him, and then 'Yes,' than
those which have only said 'Yes'?"

"What a very mean advantage to take of an unprotected female."

A kiss ended the uncompleted sentence.

Then she began again---

"And when shall we start?"

"Seven to-morrow morning--that is to say, by our watches, not by the
sun. Everything is on shore now, and we shouldn't make it later. I'm
going to the Professor to help him up with the fixings, and I suppose
you want to go into the tent and see after your domestic business.
Good night for the present."

"Good night, dear, for the present."

And so was said the most momentous "Good night" that man and woman had
ever said to each other since Adam kissed "Good night" to Eve in Eden.


The next day--that is to say, a period of twelve hours later, measured
according to the chronometers of the expedition (for the pale sun was
only describing a little arc across the northern horizon, not to sink
below it for another three months or so)--the members of the Pole to
Pole Expedition said "Good-bye" to the companions with whom they had
journeyed across the world.

There was a strong, steady breeze blowing directly from the northward.
The great box-kites were sent up, six of them in all, and along the
fine piano-wire cables which held them, the lighter portions of the
stores were sent on carriers driven by smaller kites.

Princeps and Brenda had gone up first in the carrier-slings. The
Professor remained on the beach with the bluejackets from the cruiser,
who, with huge delight and no little mystification, were giving a
helping hand in the strangest job that even British sailors had ever
helped to put through. Their remarks to each other formed a commentary
on the expedition as original as it was terse and to the point. It
had, however, the disadvantage of being mostly unprintable.

It was twelve hours later when the Professor, having shaken hands all
round, a process which came to between three and four hundred
handshakes, took his seat in the sling of the last kite and went
soaring up over the summit of the ice-wall. A hearty cheer from five
hundred throats, and a rolling fire of blank cartridge from the
cruiser, reverberated round the walls of everlasting ice which guarded
the hitherto unpenetrated solitudes of Antarotica as the sling crossed
the top of the wall, and a pull on the tilting-line bought the great
kite slowly to the ground.

As the cable slackened, it was released from its moorings on the
beach. A little engine, driven by liquid air, hauled it up on a drum.
Three tiny figures appeared on the edge of the ice-cliff and waved
their last adieus to the ships and the little crowd on the beach. Then
they disappeared, and the last link between them and the rest of the
world was cut, possibly--and, as every man of the Antarctic Expedition
firmly believed, for ever.

The three members of the Pole to Pole Expedition bivouacked that night
under a snow-knoll, and after a good twelve hours' sleep they set to
work on the preparations for the last stage but one of their
marvellous voyage. There were four sledges. One of these formed what
might be called the baggage-wagon. It carried the gas-cylinders, the
greater part of the provisions, and the vehicle which was to convey
the three adventurers from the South Pole to the North through the
centre of the earth, provided always that the Professor's theory as to
the existence of the transterrestrial tunnel proved to be correct. It
was packed in sections, to be put together when the edge of the great
hole was reached.

The sledge could be driven by two means. As long as the north-to-south
wind held good, it was dragged over the smooth, snow-covered ice and
land, which stretched away in an illimitable plain as far as the eye
could reach from the top of the ice-wall towards the horizon behind
which lay the South Pole and, perhaps, the tunnel. It was also
furnished with a liquid-air engine, which actuated four big, spiked
wheels, two in front and two behind. These, when the wind failed,
would grip the frozen snow or ice and drive the sledge-runners over it
at a maximum speed of twenty miles an hour. The engine could, of
course, be used in conjunction with the kites when the wind was light.

The other three sledges were smaller, but similar in construction and
means of propulsion. Each had its drawing-kites and liquid-air engine.
One carried a reserve of provisions, balloons, and basket-cars, with a
dozen gas-cylinders. Another was loaded with the tents and cooking-
apparatus, and the third carried the three passengers, with their
immediate personal belongings, which, among other oddments, included a
spiritheater and a pair of curling-tongs and hairwavers.

All the sledges were yoked together, the big one going first. Then
came the passenger-car, and then the other two side by side. In case
of accidents, there were contrivances which made it possible to cast
any of the sledges loose at a moment's notice. The kites, if the wind
got too high, could be emptied and brought down by means of tilting-

There was a fine twenty-mile breeze blowing when the kites were sent
up after breakfast. The yoked sledges were held by lines attached by
pegs driven deeply into the frozen snow. The kites reached an altitude
of about a thousand feet, and the sledges began to lift and strain at
the mooring-lines as though they were living things. The Professor and
Princeps cut all the lines but one before they took their places in
the sledge beside Brenda. Then Princeps gave her a knife and said:

"Now start us."

She drew the keen edge backwards and forwards over the tautly
stretched line. It parted with a springing jerk, and the next moment
the wonderful caravan started forward with a jump which tilted them
back into their seats.

The little snow-hills began to slip away behind them. The tracks left
by the springrunners tailed swiftly away into the distance, converging
as railway-lines seem to do when you look down a long stretch of them.
The keen, cold air bit hard on their flesh and soon forced them to
protect their faces with the sealskin masks which let down from their
helmets; but just before Brenda let hers down, she took a long breath
of the icy air and said---

"Ah! That's just like drinking iced champagne. Isn't this glorious?"
Then she gasped, dropped her mask over her face, put one arm through
her husband's and one through her uncle's, pulled them close to her,
and from that moment she became all eyes, looking through the crystal
plate in her mask at the strange, swiftly moving landscape and the
great box-kites, high up in the air, dull white against the dim blue
sky, which were dragging them so swiftly and so easily towards the
Unknown and, perhaps, towards the impossible.


The expedition had been travelling for little more than six days, and
so far the journey had been quite uneventful. The pale sun had swung
six times round its oblique course without any intervention of
darkness to break the seemingly endless polar day. At first they had
travelled seventeen hours without halting. None of them could think of
sleep amidst such novel surroundings, but the next day they were
content with twelve, and this was agreed on as a day's journey.

They soon found that either their good fortune had given them a
marvellously easy route, or else that the Antarctic continent was
strangely different from the Arctic. Hour after hour their sledges,
resting on rubber springs, spun swiftly over the undulating fields of
snow-covered ice with scarcely a jog or a jar--in fact, as Brenda said
at the end of the journey, it was more like a twelve-hundred mile
switchback ride than a polar expedition.

So they travelled and slept and ate. Eight hours for sleep two hours
evening and morning for pitching and striking tents, supper and
breakfast, and the stretching of limbs, and twelve hours' travel.

Lunch was eaten en route, because the lowering of the kites and the
mooring of the sledges were a matter of considerable labour, and they
naturally wanted to make the most of the wind while it lasted.

Every day, as the sun reached the highest point of its curved course
along the horizon, the Professor took his latitude. Longitude, of
course, there was practically none to take, since every day's travel
took them so many hundred miles along the converging meridians, and
east and west, with every mile they made, came nearer and nearer

On the seventh morning the kites were all lowered, taken to pieces,
and packed up, with the exception of one which drew the big sledge.

They had calculated that they were now within about a hundred miles of
the Pole--that is to say, the actual end of the earth's axis--and,
according to the Professor's calculations (granted that the Pole to
Pole tunnel existed) it would be about a hundred miles in diameter. At
the same time, it might be a good deal more, and, therefore, it was
not considered advisable to approach what would literally be the end
of the earth at a speed of twenty miles an hour, driven by the strong,
steady breeze which had remained with them from the top of the ice-
wall. So the liquidair engines were set to work, the spiked wheels bit
into the hard-frozen snow, and the sledges, following the big one, and
helped to a certain extent by its kite, began to move forward at about
eight miles an hour.

The landscape did not alter materially as they approached the polar
confines. On all sides was a vast plain of ice crossed in a generally
southerly direction by long, broad snow-lanes. Here and there were low
hills, mostly rounded domes of snow; but these were few and far
between, and presented no obstacles to their progress.

A little before lunch-time the ground began to slope suddenly away to
the southward to such an extent that the kite was hauled in, and the
spiked wheels had to be used to check the increasing speed of the
sledges. On either hand the slope extended in a perfectly uniform
fashion, and after a descent of about an hour, they could see a vast
curved ridge of snow stretching to right and to left behind them which
shut out the almost level rays of the pale sun so that the semi-
twilight in which they had been travelling was rapidly deepening into

What was it? Were they descending into a vast polar depression, to the
shores of such an open sea as had often been imagined by geographers
and explorers, or were they in truth descending towards the edge of
the Arctic tunnel itself?

"I wonder which it is?" said Brenda, sipping her midday coffee. "Don't
you think we'd better stop soon and do a little snowshoeing? I, for
one, should object to beginning the journey by falling over the edge.
Ugh! Fancy a fall of seven thousand miles into nowhere! And then
falling back again another seven thousand miles, and so for ever and
ever, until your flesh crumbled off your bones and at last your
skeleton came to a standstill exactly at the centre of the earth!"

"Not at all a pleasant prospect, I admit, my dear Brenda," said the
Professor; "but, after all, I don't think you would be hurt much. You
see, you would be dead in a very few seconds, and then think of the
glory of having the whole world for your tomb."

"I don't like the idea," she replied. "A commonplace crematorium and a
crystal urn afterwards will satisfy me completely. But don't you think
we'd better stop and explore?"

"I certainly think Brenda's right," said Princeps. "If the tunnel is
there, and the big sledge dragged us over into it--well, we needn't
talk about that. I think we'd better do a little exploring, as she

The sledges were stopped, and the tilting-line of the great kite
pulled so as to empty it of wind. It came gently to the earth, and
then, rather to their surprise, disappeared completely.

"By Jove!" said Princeps. "I shouldn't be surprised if the tunnel is
there, and the kite has fallen in. Brenda, I think it's just as well
you spoke when you did. Fancy tobogganing into a hole like that at ten
or fifteen miles an hour!"

"If that is the case," said the Professor, quietly ignoring the
hideous suggestion, "the Axial Tunnel must be rather larger than I
expected. I did not expect to arrive at the edge till late this

When the sledges were stopped, they put on their snowshoes and
followed the line of the kite-cable for about a mile and a half until
they came to the edge of what appeared to be an ice-cliff. The cable
hung over this, hanging down into a dusk which quickly deepened into
utter darkness. They hauled upon it and found that there were only a
few yards over the cliff, and presently they landed the great kite.

"I wonder if it really is the tunnel?" said Brenda, taking a step

"Whatever it is, it's too deep for you to fall into with any comfort,"
said her husband, dragging her back almost roughly.

Almost at the same moment a mass of ice and snow on which they had
been standing a few minutes before, hauling up the cable of the kite,
broke away and disappeared into the void. They listened with all their
ears, but no sound came back. The huge block had vanished in silence
into nothingness, into a void which apparently had no bottom; for even
if it had fallen a thousand feet, an echo would have come back to them
up the wall.

"It is the tunnel," said Brenda, after a few moments' silence, during
which they looked at each other with something like awe in their eyes.
"Thank you, Arthur, I don't think I should have liked to have gone
down, too. But, uncle," she went on, "if this is the tunnel, and that
thing has gone on before us, won't it stop and come back when it gets
near the North Pole? Suppose we were to meet it after we have passed
the the centre. A collision just there wouldn't be very pleasant,
would it?"

"My dear Brenda," he replied, "there is really no fear of anything of
that sort. You see, there is atmosphere in the tunnel, and long before
it reached the centre, friction will have melted the ice and
dissipated the water into vapour."

"Of course. How silly of me not to have thought of that before! I
suppose a piece of iron thrown over there would be melted to vapour,
just as the meteorites are. Well now, If we've found the tunnel,
hadn't we better go back and get ready to go through it?"

"We shall have to wait for the moon, I suppose," said Princeps, as
they turned away towards the sledges.

"Yes," said the Professor. "We shall have plenty of moonlight to work
by in about fifty-six hours. Meanwhile we can take a rest and do as
Brenda says."

It was just fifty hours later when the moon, almost at the full, rose
over the eastern edge of the snow-wall, casting a flood of white light
over the dim, ghostly land of the World's End. As it rose higher and
higher, they saw that the sloping plain ended in a vast semicircle of
cliff, beyond which there was nothing. They went down towards it and
looked beyond and across, but the curving ice-walls reached away on
either hand until they were lost in the distance. They were standing
literally on the end of the earth. No sound of water or of volcanic
action came up out of the void. They brought down a couple of rockets
and fired them from the edge at a downward angle of sixty degrees. The
trail of sparks spread out with inconceivable rapidity, and then, when
the rockets burst, two tiny blue stars shone out, apparently as far
below them as the stars of heaven were above them.

"I don't think there's very much doubt about that," said the
Professor. "We have found the Axial Tunnel: but, after all, if it is
only a very deep depression, our balloons can take us out of it after
we have touched the bottom. Still, personally, I believe it to be the

"Oh, it must be!" said Brenda decisively. And so, in fact, it proved
to be.

As the moon grew rounder and brighter, the work of preparation for the
last stage of their amazing enterprise grew apace. Everything had, of
course, been thought out to the minutest detail, and the
transformation which came over their impedimenta was little short of

The sledges dissolved into their component parts, and these came
together again in the form of a big, conical, drum-like structure,
with walls of thick papier mache. It had four long plate-glass windows
in the sides and a large round one top and bottom. It was ten feet in
diameter and fifteen in height. The interior was plainly but snugly
fitted up as a sitting-room by day and, by means of a movable
partition, a couple of sleepingberths by night.

The food and water were stowed away in cupboards and tanks underneath
the seats, and the gas-cylinders, rockets, etc., were packed under the
flooring, which had a round trap-door in the centre over the window.

The liquid air-engines and the driving apparatus of the sledges were
strongly secured to the lower end with chains which, in case of
emergency, could be easily released by means of slip-hooks operated
from inside. There were also two hundred pounds of shotballast
underneath the flooring.

Attached to the upper part of the structure were four balloons,
capable at their full capacity of easily lifting it with its whole
load on board. These were connected by tubes with the interior, and
thus, by means of pumps worked by a small liquid-air engine, the gas
from the cylinders could either be driven up into them or drawn down
and re-stored. In the centre of the roof was another cable, longer
than those which held the balloons, and to this was attached a large
parachute which could be opened or shut at will from inside.


When the moment chosen for departure came, there remained no possible
doubt as to the correctness of the Professor's hypothesis. The sun was
dipping below the horizon and the long polar night was beginning. The
full moon shone down from the zenith through a cloudless, mistless
atmosphere. The sloping snow-field and the curved edge of the Axial
Tunnel were brilliantly illuminated. They could see for miles along
the ice-cliffs, far enough to make certain that they were part of a
circle so vast that anything like an exact calculation of its
circumference was impossible.

The breeze was still straight to the southward, to the centre of the
tunnel. The balloons were inflated until the Brenda--as the strange
vehicle had been named by a majority of two to one--began to pull at
the ropes which held her down. Then, with a last look round at the
inhospitable land they were leaving--perchance never to see land of
any sort again--they went in through the curved sliding door to
windward. Princeps started the engine, the balloons began to fill out,
and three of the four mooring-ropes were cast off as the Brenda began
to rock and swing like the car of a captive balloon.

"Once more," said Princeps, giving his wife the knife with which she
had cut the sledges loose.

"And this time for good--or the North Pole--or--well, at any rate,
this is the stroke of Fate."

She gave her left hand to her husband, knelt down on the threshold of
the door, and made a sideward slash at the slender rope which was
fastened just under it. The strands ripped and parted, the Brenda
rocked twice or thrice and became motionless. The ice-cliffs slipped
away from under them, the vast, unfathomed, and fathomless gulf spread
out beneath them, and the voyage, either from Pole to Pole or from
Time to Eternity, had begun.

The Professor, who was naturally in command, allowed the Brenda to
drift for two and a half hours at a carefully calculated wind-speed of
twenty miles all hour. The he said to Princeps---

"You can deflate the balloons now, I think. We must be near the
centre. I will see to the parachute."

They had been thinking and talking of this journey, with all its
apparent impossibilities and terrific risks, until they had become
almost commonplace to them. But for all that, they looked at each
other as they had never done before, as the Professor gave the fateful
order. Even his lips tightened and his brows came together a little as
he turned to cast loose the fine wire cables which held the ribs of
the parachute.

The powerful little engine got to work, and the gas from the balloons
hissed back into the cylinders. Then the envelopes were hauled in and
stowed away. Through the side windows, Brenda saw a dim, far-away
horizon rise up all round, and through the top window and the circular
hole in the parachute, she saw the full disc of the moon growing
smaller and smaller, and so she knew that they had begun their fall of
41,708,711 feet.

Taking this at 7,000 miles, in round numbers, the Professor, reckoning
on an average speed of fifty to sixty miles an hour, expected to make
the passage from Pole to Pole in about six days, granted always that
the tunnel was clear all through. If it wasn't, their fates were on
the knees of the Gods, and there was nothing more to say. As events
proved, they made it in a good deal less.

For the first thirty-six hours everything went with perfect
smoothness. The wind-gauges at each side showed a speed of fifty-one
miles an hour, and the Brenda continued her fall with perfect

Suddenly, just as they were about to say "Good night" for the second
time, they heard a sharp snapping and rending sound break through the
smooth swish of the air past the outer wall of their vehicle. The next
instant it rocked violently from side to side, and the indicators of
the gauges began to fly round into invisibility.

"Heavens, uncle! what has happened?" gasped Brenda, clinging to the
seat into which she had been slung.

"It can only be one thing," replied the Professor, steadying himself
against the opposite wall. "Some of the stays have given way, and the
parachute has split or broken up. God forgive me! Why did I not think
of that before?"

"Of what?" said Princeps, dropping into the seat beside Brenda and
putting his arm round her.

"The increasing pull of gravitation as we get nearer to the earth's
centre. I calculated for a uniform pull only. They must have been
bearing a tremendous strain before they parted."

While he was speaking, the vehicle had become steady again. The wind-
gauges whirled till the spindles screeched and smoked in their
sockets. The rush of the wind past the outside wall deepened to a roar
and then rose to a shrill, whistling scream.

Long, uncounted minutes of sheer speechless, thoughtless terror
passed. The inside air grew hot and stifling. Even the uninflammable
walls began to crinkle and crack under the fearful heat developed by
the friction of the rushing air.

Brenda gasped two or three times for breath, and then, slipping out of
her husband's arms, fell fainting in a heap on the floor. Mechanically
both he and the Professor stooped to lift her up. To their amazement,
the effort they made to do so threw her unconscious form nearly to the
top of the conical roof. She floated in mid-air for a moment and then
sank gently back into their arms.

"The centre of the Earth!" gasped the Professor. "The point of equal
attraction! If we can breathe for the next hour, we have a chance.
Quick, Arthur, give us more air! The evaporation will reduce the

Even in such an awful moment as this, Professor Haffkin could not
quite forget his scientific phraseology.

He laid Brenda, still weighing only a few pounds, on one of the seats
and went to the liqueur-case for some brandy. Princeps meanwhile
turned the tap of a spare cylinder lying beside the air-engine which
drove the little electric-light installation. The sudden conversion of
the liquid atmosphere into the gaseous form brought the temperature
down with a rush, and--as they thought afterwards, with a shudder--
probably prevented all the cylinders from exploding.

The brandy and the sudden coolness immediately revived Brenda, and
after the two men had taken a stiff glass to steady their shaken-up
nerves, they sat down and began to consider their position as calmly
as might be.

They had passed the centre of the earth at an enormous but unknown
velocity, and they were, therefore, endowed with a momentum which
would certainly carry them far towards the northern end of the Axial
Tunnel; but how far, it was impossible to say, since they did not know
their speed.

But, however great the speed, it was diminishing every second, and a
time must come when it would be nil--and then the backward fall would
begin. If they could not prevent this, they might as well put an end
to everything at once.

Hours passed; uncounted, but in hard thinking, mingled with dumb

The rush of the wind outside began to slacken at last, and when
Princeps at length managed to fit another wind-gauge in place of the
one that had been smashed to atoms, it registered a little over two
hundred miles an hour.

"Our only chance, as far as I can see," said the Professor at length,
looking up from a writing-pad on which he had been making pages of
calculations, "is this. We must watch that indicator; and when the
speed drops, say, to ten miles an hour, we must inflate our balloons
to the utmost, cut loose the engines and other gear, and trust to the
gas to pull us out."

There was literally nothing else to be done, and so for the present
they sat and watched the indicator, and, by the way of killing the
weary hours, counted the possibilities and probabilities of their
return to the civilised world should the Brenda's balloons succeed in
lifting her out of the northern end of the Axial Tunnel.

Hour by hour the speed dropped. The fatal pull, which, unless the
balloons were able to counteract it, would drag them back with a hand
resistless as that of Fate itself, had got them in its grip.
Somewhere, an unknown number of miles above them, were the solitudes
of the Northern Pole, from which they might not get away even if they
reached them. Below was the awful gulf through which they had already
passed, and to fall back into that meant a fate 80 terrible that
Brenda had already made her husband promise to shoot her, should the
balloons fail to do their work.

The Professor passed most of his time in elaborate calculations, the
object of which was the ascertaining, as nearly as possible, their
distance from the centre of the earth, and, therefore, the number of
miles which they would have to rise to reach the outer air again.
There were other calculations which had relation to the lifting power
of the balloons, the weight of the car and its occupants, and the
amount of gas at their disposal, not only for the ascent to the Pole,
but also for their flight southward, if happily they found favourable
winds to carry then back to the confines of civilisation. These he
kept to himself. He had the best of reasons for doing so.

The hours went by, and the speed shown by the indicator dropped
steadily. A hundred miles an hour had become fifty fifty became forty,
then thirty, twenty, ten.

"I think you can get your balloons out now, Arthur," said the
Professor. "It's a very good thing we housed them in time, or they
would have been torn to ribbons by this. If you'll cast them loose,
I'll see to the gas apparatus. Meanwhile, Brenda, you may as well get
dinner ready."

Within an hour the four balloons were cast loose through their
portholes in the roof of the car and attached to their cables and
supply pipes. Meanwhile the upward speed of the Brenda had dropped
from ten to seven miles. The gas-cylinders were connected with the
transmitters and apparatus which allowed the gas to return to a normal
temperature before passing into the envelopes, and then the balloons
began to fill.

For a few moments the indicator stopped and trembled as the cables
tightened, then it went forward again. They saw that it was
registering six and a half miles an hour. This rose to seven, eight,
and nine. Presently it passed ten.

"We shall do it, after all," said Princeps. "You see, we're going
faster every minute. I wonder what the reason of that check was?"

"Probably the increased atmospheric friction on the surface of the
balloons," replied the Professor quietly, with his eyes fixed on the

The indicator stopped again at ten, and then the little blue, steel
hand, which to them was veritably the Hand of Fate, began to creep
slowly backwards.

None of them spoke. They all knew what it meant. The upward pull of
the balloons was not counteracting the downward pull exerted from the
centre of the earth. In a few hours more they would come to a
standstill, and then, when the two forces balanced, they would hang
motionless in that awful gulf of everlasting night until the gas gave
out, and then the backward plunge to perdition would begin.

"I don't like the look of that," said Princeps, keeping his voice as
steady as he could. "Hadn't we better let the engines go?"

"I think we ought to throw away everything that we can do without,"
said Brenda, staring at the fateful dial with fixed, wide-open eyes.
"What's the use of anything if we never get to the top of this
horrible hole?"

"That's rather a disrespectful way in which to speak of the Axial
Tunnel of the earth, Brenda," said the Professor, with the flicker of
a smile. "But we won't get rid of the impedimenta just yet," he went
on "You see, as the mathematicians say, velocity is momentum
multiplied into mass. Therefore, if we decrease our mass, we shall
decrease our momentum. The engines and the other things are really
helping us along now, though it doesn't seem so. When the indicator
has nearly stopped, it will be time to cut the weight loose."

Then they had dinner, eaten with a mere pretence of appetite, assisted
by a bottle of "Pol Roger '89." The speed continued to drop steadily
during the night, though Princeps satisfied himself that the balloons
were filled to the utmost limit consistent with safety, and at last,
towards the middle of the conventional night, it hovered between one
and zero.

"I think you may let the engines go now, Arthur," said the Professor,
"It's quite evident that we're overweighted. Slip the hooks, and then
go up and see if your balloons will stand any more."

He said this in a whisper, because Brenda, utterly worn out, had gone
to lie down behind the partition.

The hooks were slipped, and the hand on the dial began to move again
as the Brenda, released from about six hundred pounds' weight, began
to ascend again. But the speed only rose to fifteen miles an hour, and
that was eight miles short of the result the Professor had arrived at.
The attractive force was evidently being exerted from the sides of the
tunnel as well as from the centre of the earth. He looked at the dial
and said to Princeps--

"I think you'd better go and lie down now. It's my watch on deck.
We're doing nicely now. I want to run through my figures again."

"All right," said Princeps, yawning and shaking hands. "You'll call me
in four hours, as usual, won't you?"

Professor Haffkin nodded and said: "Good night. I hope we shall be
through our difficulties by the morning. Good night, Arthur."

He got out his papers again and once more went minutely through the
maze of figures and formulae with which the sheets were covered. Then,
when the sound of slow, deep breathing told him that Princeps was
asleep, he opened the trap-door in the floor and counted the
unexhausted cylinders of gas. When he had finished, he said to himself
in a whisper-

"Barely enough to get them home, even with the best of luck; but still
enough to prove that it is possible to make a journey through the
centre of the earth from Pole to Pole. At least, that will be done and
proved--and Karl Haffkin will live for ever."

There was the light of martyrdom in his eyes as he looked for the last
time at the dial. Then he unscrewed the circular window from the
bottom of the car, lowered himself through it, hung for a moment to
the edge with his hands, and let go.

*  *  *

When Princeps and Brenda woke after several hours' sleep, they were
astonished to find the windows of the car glowing with a strange,
brilliant light--the light of the Northern Aurora. Princeps got out,
saying: "Hurrah, Professor! we've got there! Daylight at last!"

But there was no Professor, and only the open trap-door and the window
hanging on its hinges below told how an almost priceless life had been
heroically sacrificed to make the way of life longer for two who had
only just begun to tread it together through the golden gates of the
Garden of Love.

But Karl Haffkin's martyrdom meant even more than this. Without it,
the great experiment must have failed, and three lives would have been
lost instead of one; and so he chose to die the lesser death so that
his comrades on that marvellous voyage might live out their own lives
to Nature's limit, and that he himself might live for ever on the roll
of honour which is emblazoned with the names of the noblest of all
martyrs--those who have given their lives to prove that Truth is true.


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