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Title:      The Private Life of Helen of Troy (1926)
Author:     John Erskine
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Title:      The Private Life of Helen of Troy (1926)
Author:     John Erskine








After Troy, Helen re-established herself in the home.

It will be seen that apart from her divine beauty and entire
frankness she was a conventional woman.




The point of the story is that Paris gave the prize to Aphrodite,
not because she bribed him, but because she was beautiful.  After
all, it was a contest in beauty, though Athena and Hera started a
discussion about wisdom and power.  It was they who tried to bribe
him.  They had their merits and they had arguments, but Aphrodite
was the thing itself.

Her remark, that he would some day marry Helen, interested him as a
divine experiment in prophecy.  It might happen or it might not.
Very likely the goddess did not mean it as he thought; a wise man,
even though he believed the oracle, would always wait and see.

Meanwhile he did wonder what Helen looked like.  He needed travel.
He might as well visit Sparta as any other place.  Cassandra told
him not to, but she always did.  OEnone warned him, but she was his

When he came to the house of Menelaus, the gatekeeper let him in,
and since he was a stranger they wouldn't ask his name nor his
errand till he had had food and rest.  Menelaus put off a journey
he had thought of, and practised the sacrament of hospitality.  But
when he found out who it was, he told Paris to make himself free in
the house, and after polite excuses went down to Crete, as he had

So they all intended well.  But Paris saw Helen, face to face.


When the war ended in Troy, with the fall of the city, Menelaus
went looking for Helen, with a sword in his hand.  He was undecided
whether to thrust the blade through her alluring bosom, or to cut
her swan-like throat.  He hadn't seen her for some time.  She was
waiting, as though they had appointed the hour.  With a simple
gesture she bared her heart for his vengeance, and looked at him.
He looked at her.  The sword embarrassed him.  "Helen," he said,
"it's time we went home."  They tell the story another way, too.
Menelaus was not alone, they say, when he came on Helen in that
inner room; Agamemnon was there, and others, to witness the final
justice of the long war.  Several who had never seen Helen, crowded
in for a first and last look at the beauty for which they had
fought.  When Menelaus saw Helen standing there, he was conscious
of his escort.  Anger and strength oozed out of him, but those
sympathetic friends were at hand, to see a husband do his duty.  He
raised the sword--slowly--not slowly enough.  Then he heard
Agamemnon's voice.

"Your wrath might as well stop here, Menelaus; you've got your wife
back--why kill her?  Priam's city is taken, Paris is dead, you have
your revenge.  To kill Helen would confuse those who ask what
caused the war.  Sparta had no share in the guilt; it was Paris
entirely, he came as a guest and violated your hospitality."

Menelaus understood why his brother was called the king of men.
But later in the evening he was heard to say he would have killed
Helen if Agamemnon hadn't interfered.

He had to take her to the ships for the night, with the other
prisoners, but he couldn't make up his mind in what order they
should set out.  Not side by side, of course.  He in front,
perhaps.  That idea he gave up before they reached the street.  The
emphasis on the procession seemed misplaced.  He sent her on ahead
to take unprotected whatever insults the curious army might care to
hurl at her.  But the men gazed in silence, or almost so.  They
didn't notice him.  He heard one say she looked like Aphrodite,
caught naked in the arms of Ares, when Hephaistos, her ridiculous
husband, threw a net over the lovers and called the other gods to
see her shame.  A second man said he felt like the other gods on
that occasion, who expressed a willingness to change places any
time with Ares, net and all.


Some other men, that night when Troy was sacked, having less cause
for violence than Menelaus, showed less restraint.  Ajax found
Cassandra in Athena's temple, where she served as priestess--a girl
lovely enough for Apollo to desire, but of no such beauty as
protected Helen.  There, as it were in the very presence of the
goddess, he violated her, and went on to other business in the
riot.  Afterwards when Athena's anger was clear enough, he admitted
he had injured the woman, but asserted that he had not desecrated
the temple, for Odysseus had already stolen away the sacred image,
and the room, therefore, if a shrine at all, was an abandoned one.
But the distinction was not likely to commend itself to the deity,
and Agamemnon announced at once that the fleet would delay its
homeward sailing until prolonged and thorough sacrifices had been
offered, due rituals of introspection and repentance, lest the
goddess should wash their sins away in cold water.  Agamemnon was
tender in the matter from the moment the prizes were distributed.
Cassandra fell to him.

All day he stood by the priest while the flames were fed on the
altars, in the midst of the respectful army, and Menelaus stood
beside him--the two kings without a rival, now that Achilles was
gone.  At dusk they let the offerings burn down and smoulder, the
soldiers kindled supper-fires, and the priest said the omens so far
were good.

"The sacrifices are well begun," said Agamemnon.

"For me," said Menelaus, "they are ended.  It wasn't our own sins
that brought us to Troy, but as you said last evening, the sins of
others.  Whatever errors we have fallen into since we arrived,
we've had reason to regret as they occurred.  If anything was
overlooked, through pride or ignorance, this day of sacrifice must
have made up for it, and something more.  I sail for Sparta

"When I think of sailing," said Agamemnon, "I remember Aulis.  Our
setting out from that harbour cost the life of my child, offered to
appease the gods.  You did not object to excessive sacrifices then.
It was all for you, my brother.  My quarrel with Achilles I atoned
for long ago, since I was in the wrong.  But since at other times I
may have been wrong when I thought I was right, I must now satisfy
even the unsuspected angers of Zeus and Athena before this host of
mine can face wind and wave and what lies between us and our

"What you really fear," said Menelaus, "is your wife."

"Your wife is with you," said Agamemnon, "and your daughter is safe
in Sparta, no doubt looking after your affairs.  We've all been
looking after them.  Now I must care for my people.  What I really
fear is the vengeance of Athena on every one of them, on you and
me, on the meanest that row in the ships, for the theft of her
image and the outrage to her priestess."

"Odysseus stole the image," said Menelaus, "but only because the
city couldn't be taken while the image was there.  For that and for
some other measures in which he proved helpful, he should perhaps
offer many sacrifices.  As to what happened to Cassandra, I look
upon it as justice, though rather crude.  Paris was her brother.
The fault of Ajax was haste.  She might have been his in the
partition of prizes, to take home and treat as he chose, beyond the
criticism of the gods and secure from the wrath of mankind, for he
has no wife waiting for him."

"My wife," said Agamemnon, "has caused no scandal in the family as
yet.  In some respects she differs from her sister.  How many men
have captured Helen, or been captured by her?  Theseus, before your
time, and you of course, and Paris, and Deiphobus--and wasn't there
something between Achilles and her?  Did Hector admire her, or was
it only she that thought of him?  Our special philosophies,
brother, are evolved that we may live peaceably with our own past.
You are in no position, I can see, to condemn the work of Ajax.
Cherish your philosophy; you will need it."

"As I was saying," said Menelaus, "I sail for home to-morrow.  I'm
sorry we part in this mood of dispute.  If staying here would do
you any good, out of gratitude I'd stay.  But the will of the gods
is common sense, I think--or essentially so; and if your whim for
prolonged sacrifices had really to do with religion, I should argue
that the gods who enabled us to burn up Troy, never intended us to
live here."

"You go to your fate," said Agamemnon.  "I shall not see you

"Another mistake on your part, I prefer to think," said Menelaus,
"and calling, I hope, for no ceremonial repentance."

Helen was sitting in the tent, motionless by the flickering lamp.
The scented flame and smoke of the tripod went up before her face,
and made him think of goddesses and altar-fires.  Why was she
there?  Had she been there all day?  Out at the sacrifices he had
imagined her humbled among the other captives, feeling at last the
edge of retribution.  She might have stood up when he came in.

"To-morrow we sail for Sparta."

"So soon?"

"Is it too soon?  You prefer Troy?"

"Not now," said Helen, "and you remember I never had much
preference for places.  But so many ships and men to get ready in a
day!  You were longer in starting when you came--with more reason
for haste, I should have thought.  Why, there must be sacrifices,
there are gods to think of, the wide dark ocean, the ghosts of so
many dead to quiet before we go."

"The dead are at peace and the gods are satisfied," said Menelaus;
"we've given the whole day to sacrificing.  The ocean remains wide
and dark.  Agamemnon will continue the sacrifices for that and for
some other things prayer cannot change.  We have had words about it
and parted.  He and the host will stay a while longer, I go home to-
morrow with my men and my captives."

With her, he meant.  He didn't know how to say it.  Not "with my
wife and my captives."  He hadn't the courage to say "you and my
other captives."

"Menelaus," she said, "of course I shall share the journey with
you, however unwisely you undertake it.  But you are wrong, and
your brother is right.  Those who are conscious of wrong-doing need
time for regret and for remorse, and those of us who are conscious
of no wrong-doing, we most of all should offer sacrifices against
our pride.  You have your old common sense, Menelaus, an immediate
kind of wit, but you still lack vision.  If you had more vision you
would be more conventional."

"If I hear you," said Menelaus, "you are advising me not to depart
from established rules of conduct?"

"That is my advice," said Helen.

"I am overtired and my brain refuses to work," said Menelaus.
"Will you return to--whatever place you have just come from, or
shall I leave this tent to you?  We start early in the morning."


The wind was against them, and the men were at the oars.  Menelaus
sat near the helmsman, and Helen before him, her face bare to the
wind.  The rowers looked up at her, not as in anger at one who had
brought on them war and labour, but curiously at first, then with
understanding and awe, as though there were a blessing in the boat.
Menelaus watched the change in their gaze, and wondered why he had
come to Troy--and remembered why.

Helen shifted her position, for the first time in hours, and looked
in his eyes.  The oarsmen looked up at him, too; they forgot to

"Menelaus," she said, "you should have offered sacrifices.  There
is something very strange about this boat."

"On the contrary," he replied, "the boat is perhaps the only thing
here that is beyond criticism.  The wind is unfavourable, but the
men row well, except when you distract them."

"In Troy at this moment, or somewhere along the shore," she said,
"Agamemnon offers up prayers which I dare say will be effective; he
will doubtless reach home.  Our own prospect seems to me uncertain.
You know my point of view--I have no love for adventure unless I
know where I'm going."

"We are going to Sparta," he said.

"I fear we are not," said Helen.

"We will hold to the course," said her husband, "and unless the
stars are disarranged in this much troubled world, we shall arrive
in Sparta in a week.  That will be excellent time, don't you
think?" he asked the helmsman.

"It took us longer to reach Troy on the way out," said the

"When I went to Troy," said Helen, "it took only three days, but
that was an exceptional voyage."

Thereafter the rowers bent to the oars and the helmsman read the
sun and the stars.  At first Helen would look at Menelaus from time
to time, serene enough, but as though she could say something if it
were worth while to do so.  After many days she only sat
motionless, gazing far ahead across the sea, and the oarsmen kept
their patient eyes on her, as though she and they were faithful to
something Menelaus could not understand.  He passed the time
feeling lonely, and wondering whether the water and the food would
hold out.

"Ah, there is Sparta at last," he said.

"I doubt it," said Helen.

As a matter of fact it was Egypt.  Helen walked ashore on the
narrow bridge the sailors held for her, as though one always landed
in Egypt.  The wind died completely.  The weary men set up the
king's tent and shelters for themselves, and went to sleep.
Menelaus could not remember that he had given orders for
disembarking, but he wasn't sure and didn't like to ask.

"This famous land is more interesting than I had thought," said
Helen some weeks later.  "In my afternoon walks I have met several
of the natives, and they seem to have reached here an average of
culture somewhat above our best in Sparta, don't you think?"

"Helen, you exasperate me," said Menelaus.  "I'm not here to tour
the country nor to compare civilisations."

"Of course you aren't, nor I either," said Helen, "and when you are
ready to sail you have only to tell me.  Meanwhile, Polydamna, the
wife of that substantial man who sold you the food for our next
voyage, is teaching me her skill in herbs and medicines--a good
skill to have in any house, and here they all seem to have it.
Unless you offer sacrifices in the next few days, I shall learn
much of what she knows."

"I will make no more sacrifices," said Menelaus.  "The wind will
rise of itself."

"Then I shall learn it all before we go," said Helen.

After a fortnight or thereabouts, she saw him one day coming from
the house of Thonis, Polydamna's husband, with a small lamb under
his cloak.  While he called the men to a quiet spot and sacrificed
the animal, she kept herself discreetly in the tent.  Menelaus
found her there.

"Be prepared to sail to-morrow," he said, "in case a wind should

She was ready, and the wind rose, but it turned out to be only a
frail breeze, young and short-lived.  As they reached the island of
Pharos it died altogether.

"Oh, well," said Menelaus, "there's a good harbour here and a
spring of fresh water.  We'll put in till the wind freshens, and
fill the casks."

Helen walked ashore on the narrow bridge the men held for her, as
though one always landed in Pharos.  After twenty days the food
gave out, and the men crawled along the stony shore, trying for
fish with a little cord and bare hooks.  All those days Helen
walked, composed and gracious, in the smoothest paths she could
find among the rocks, or sat near the brow of one modest cliff,
watching the purple waters and the gulls and the far sky-line.
Menelaus avoided his men and wandered alone, at the other end of
the island from Helen.  But she was not surprised, so far as he
could see, when he strolled up at last to her position on the

"I'm thinking of going back to Egypt," he began.  "These men need
better food than they can find here, and we could row to Canopus in
a day."

"If you are asking my advice," said Helen, "I can only follow your
own best judgment.  As you say, we seem to need food."

"At times, Helen, you irritate me," said Menelaus; "any fool would
know we must go back to Egypt.  I wasn't asking your advice.  In
fact, I ought to have gone back long ago."

He was prepared to tell her why he hadn't gone back before, but she
annoyed him by not asking.  He turned and saw three of his men, wan
and hungry, and the helmsman with them, waiting, as it seemed, to
say something unpleasant.

"Menelaus," began the helmsman, "we have followed you so long that
you must know we are faithful, but we've come to ask you now if
you've lost your wits.  Do you enjoy suffering yourself, or do you
like to see us suffer?  You keep us on this island to starve, while
there is food in Egypt, within one day at the oars, if we had our
strength.  A few hours longer here, and we shall be too feeble to
launch the boat.  Waiting for a wind, you say.  But if it came now,
there's not food enough to keep us till Sparta; we can't fish as we

"I forgive your bad manners because of your hunger," said Menelaus,
"but as it usually happens in such cases, your advice comes late
and is therefore superfluous.  I had already decided to return to
Egypt for supplies, and we shall start at once.  Get the boat
ready. . . .  Did I make myself clear?  Launch the boat. . . .  Oh,
you have something more to say?"

"Yes, Menelaus," replied the helmsman.  "When we reach Egypt we
shall make proper sacrifices to the gods, that we may return home
in safety.  We would have sacrificed at Troy, with our fellows, but
you commanded us to come away.  Now that we have suffered your
punishment with you, we will obey you no longer in this matter, but
only the gods.  Clearly it is the fate of none of us to see our
friends again unless we offer hecatombs to the deathless who keep
the heavens and the paths of the sea.  No doubt we should have
perished before this had there not been with us our lady yonder,
your wife, to soften the anger of the gods--herself immortal in our
eyes, reverent and careful toward those above who give life or
withhold it."

"It might be well," said Menelaus, "to offer further sacrifices at
this time.  I had considered that also, but there is nothing here
of any value to sacrifice.  In Egypt, as you suggest, we can secure
rich offerings, and I had already resolved to do so at the earliest
convenient moment.  You may now launch the boat--unless, of course,
there is something further?"

They hastened down to their fellows, and Menelaus turned toward

"I hope you won't keep us waiting.  This talk has somewhat delayed
my plans."

Thonis gave them food to store in the boat, and cattle for the
sacrifice, with bowls of dark wine.  In the sight of them all
Menelaus drew the pitiless knife with certain flourishes of
irritation across the throats of the victims, and they fell gasping
to the ground.  Then he turned the wine from the bowls into cups,
and poured it forth, and prayed in an incisive voice to the gods.

"O Zeus, most glorious, most great, O Athena, wise and terrible, O
all ye immortal beings!  Now do your works in the light, that men
may look on justice.  Punish the guilty and reward the good.  Who
among us have sinned against you let them starve on the sea rocks
or drown in the waters.  But those who with pure hearts have done
your will, bring us soon to our own people!"

And the wind blew them all safe and sound to Sparta.


"Menelaus," said Eteoneus, the old gate-keeper, "I've hoped for a
few minutes of your time ever since you came home.  You've been
absent a long while, and I dare say you'll want a report of the

"Nothing wrong, is there?" said Menelaus.

"Orestes has been here."

"Oh--my brother's son," said Menelaus.

"Yes," said Eteoneus, "and I might add, your wife's sister's son."

"What do you mean by that?" said Menelaus.

"I mean," said Eteoneus, "I had some doubt whether I ought to let
him in."

"It seems to me," said Menelaus, "you imply something rude about my
wife's relatives."

"To tell you the truth," said Eteoneus, "I had no idea, until you
returned, that you still counted your wife among your relatives."

"You forget yourself," said Menelaus.

"No, Menelaus," said Eteoneus, "it's an awkward subject, but we'll
have to face it.  I have to, at any rate; I'm partly responsible.
When Paris came, I let him in.  What happened afterwards we all
know--at least, we know the events, but some of us are at a loss to
interpret them.  You entertained Paris, of course, without question
as to what he came for, and he stole your wife.  Naturally you went
off for your revenge, and I may say that none of us who stayed at
home expected to see Helen again, certainly not restored to your
esteem.  If you would explain the new situation to us--give us at
least a hint as to what our attitude should be toward her, it would
relieve what is at present an embarrassment to your domestics."

"You were about to speak of Orestes," said Menelaus.

"I was," said Eteoneus.  "When you went away, you told me to look
after the house with peculiar vigilance, since your strongest men
were with you, and your daughter Hermione remained here, with
considerable treasure still in the vaults.  Then Orestes appeared.
Perhaps I should have asked him in, like any other stranger, and
found out his errand afterward, but in your absence I couldn't take
the risk.  I kept him out until he would say who he was.  He may
tell you of his displeasure."

"If there's one thing I dislike," said Menelaus, "it's a family
quarrel.  I hope you didn't come to words?"

"I fear we did," said Eteoneus.  "He wanted to know what had come
over this house, that all virtue, even the most elementary, had
deserted it.  He suggested, as I recall, that the stench of our
manners must sicken the gods.  He went into some detail which I
shan't repeat; in outline, he noticed that having begun with a
comparatively excusable slip, such as the infidelity of your wife,
we had sunk at once to a point where we were no longer hospitable.
I assured him that with us, as with other civilized people, nothing
was more sacred than the rights of a guest, but that recently we
had become interested in the rights of the host, also, and that
since these had been ignored once in this house, we were a little
nervous about good-looking and anonymous young men; in these
times we felt that unusual caution on our part should not be

"I see nothing in that speech to insult him," said Menelaus.

"Well," replied the gate-keeper, "that isn't all I said.  When he
made that remark about your wife, I felt that loyalty to the house
compelled me to say something.  I inquired after his mother's

"That's sometimes done," said Menelaus, "even among the polite."

"I mean," said the gate-keeper, "I asked him whether it wasn't more
delicate to leave your husband's roof before you betrayed him, than
to be false by his own fireside while he happened to be absent.
Orestes got the point--that's why he was angry."

"If Orestes understood you," said Menelaus, "it's more than I do."

"I suppose you haven't heard," said Eteoneus, "but all Sparta knows
the scandal.  Your sister-in-law Clytemnestra--your double sister-
in-law, I might say, your wife's sister and your brother's wife--
has been living with gisthus ever since Agamemnon went to Troy.
It's hardly worth while for him to come back."

"There!  I never liked her!" exclaimed Menelaus.  "I'm shocked but
not surprised, except for the man.  gisthus will regret his
daring.  My brother will come back.  He may not be wanted, but he
will return all the more surely for that.  He has had considerable
practice recently in dealing with men who steal other people's

"What Sparta is curious about," said the gate-keeper, "is whether
he has had enough practice in dealing with Clytemnestra.  She's a
formidable woman, even in her innocent moments, and she's making no
secret of her present way of life.  She thinks she is justified by
something Agamemnon did.  Of course she doesn't doubt, any more
than you do, that he'll return.  It's thought she has a welcome

"This is terrible!" groaned Menelaus.  "But after all it may be
only gossip.  Women so beautiful as those sisters pay for their
gift in the malicious rumour of envy.  Really, Eteoneus, I don't
wonder that Orestes was angry."

"I don't wonder myself," said Eteoneus, "but angry or not, he
denied nothing.  How could he?  These rumours that spread about
beautiful women are often malicious or envious, as you say, but
they're rarely exaggerated."

"That's digression we needn't discuss," said Menelaus.  "So Orestes
went home?  Frankly, Eteoneus, I should like to hear his side of
this story."

"You may, easily enough," said the gate-keeper, "for he's been here
at regular intervals, and unless his habits change he's due in a
day or so."

"I thought you didn't let him in?"

"I didn't, but he never asked permission again--he just came in.  I
ought to add that he came always to see Hermione, and she arranged
it somehow, I never knew just how.  She doesn't like me much more
than he does."

"I can't believe anything scandalous of my daughter," said
Menelaus, "and you made a grave error in introducing the idea.  I
have an impulse to question your judgment as to these other
reports.  Of course I've been away a long time and she's now quite
grown up, but her character seems to me essentially unchanged.
I've always thought her propriety itself."

"So do I, so do I," said Eteoneus, "and when it comes to the
conventions, Orestes is rather strait-laced.  It often happens that
way, I've noticed--the children go in for correct behaviour.
Especially when they are not so good-looking."

"My daughter is said to resemble me," said Menelaus, "and I believe
she and I understand each other.  But if you agree that their
meetings were entirely proper, what on earth are you talking about?
Why didn't you let him in, in the first place?  They were intended
for each other, before our family life was upset; now that we've
returned, I dare say they'll be married shortly, if they wish to

"Menelaus," said Eteoneus, "it's a difficult thing to explain to
one who hasn't followed my profession.  I'm a family gate-keeper,
and the sense of responsibility makes me alert to what I let in.
When I opened the gate to Paris, I had a presentiment that love was
entering, and instinct told me that the entrance of a great passion
would disturb your home.  You did not feel the danger.  Now
Orestes, I'm quite sure, brings with him some new ideas.  If you
realised what it would mean to your house, to let in new ideas,
you'd be on your guard."

"Eteoneus," said Menelaus, "I've heard a good deal of oratory since
I left home, and though I'm no critic in such matters, I've become
sensitive to possible innuendo in the spoken word.  Much of what
you have said sounds to me like diplomatic insult."

"I may have overstepped my intention," said the gate-keeper, "but I
did want to rouse you to a problem which only you can solve.  We
are all loyal to you but we don't know where we stand.  It used to
be that a wife who deserted her husband and children was in
disgrace, if possible was punished.  You thought that way when you
sailed for Troy.  We at home here have prepared all these years to
cheer your lonely grief as well as we might, if ever you came back
to your--"

"Didn't you say something like this before?" asked Menelaus.  "You
repeat yourself and you wander from the subject.  I thought you
wanted to give an account of the house since I left it?"

"That's just what I'm doing, Menelaus," said the old gate-keeper,
"and if I go at it in a roundabout way, it's only to be tactful.
I'm trying to say respectfully and harmlessly that there are some
dangerous new ideas abroad in your household, and I want to find
out whether you know about them and dislike them, or whether you
share them.  I'm terribly afraid you share them, and if you do, I
suppose I ought to leave you, old as I am, for I'm too old to
change.  The reason I suspect you've picked up some of these new
ideas is--well, when the ship was sighted we learned that you
weren't to be lonely; Helen was coming back with you.  That was a
new idea, Menelaus.  But we got used to it, and we rehearsed what
we thought would be respectful manners toward the repentant captive
brought home in disgrace.  But she doesn't seem aware of any
disgrace, and she isn't repentant.  She doesn't behave--neither do
you, in fact--as though she were a--"

"Look here, Eteoneus," said Menelaus, "I've taken all I'm going to
from you.  You pretend to have household business on your mind, and
then you pretend to have damaging news of Orestes, which turns out
to be more to your discredit than his, but what you really want is
to discuss my wife's reputation.  I'm home now, and I'll run the
house myself.  You get out and watch the gate. . . .  Here, wait a
moment!  If the madness comes on you again to talk about Helen, do
it where no word of yours will reach me.  You wonder why I didn't
kill her.  Well, she was too beautiful.  You don't resemble her in
the slightest.  Be careful!"

"The gods be praised, Menelaus," said the gate-keeper, "you talk
now like your old self!  May I go on with what I was about to say?"

"Finish up with Orestes, and get out," said Menelaus.

"I'll have to go back to pick up the thread," said Eteoneus.  "Oh,
yes.  We talked it over, of course, with the men on the ship, and
they answered as though we were demented; even to them who have
lived through Troy and its miseries, Helen seems altogether
admirable.  We try to get a clue from you, but though you are at
times, if I may judge, somewhat embarrassed, and though you are
irritable now that I have ventured to raise the question, you too
seem to accept Helen as the unshaken authority and inspiration of
your home.  And here's where Orestes comes in.  I used to believe
Hermione looked at things in the old fashion.  She was rather
pathetic, I thought, circulating stories about her absent mother,
stories which if we were deceived by them would make Helen out
quite innocent, rather a victim than--well, we'll leave it there.
I admired the daughter's loyalty, though it took a fantastic form,
and I was sure, of course, she didn't believe her own tales.  But
now Orestes has put ideas into her head which once would have
troubled you.  I had a talk with her one day about him--told her
what was said about Clytemnestra and gisthus, and warned her
against compromising herself with that branch of the family.  If
you'll believe it, she actually defended Clytemnestra.  I imagine
she had the argument from Orestes.  Though her aunt wasn't doing
right, she said, Agamemnon hadn't done right, either; he asked her
to send their youngest daughter, pretending he had arranged a
marriage with Achilles, and when the delighted mother got her
ready, and safe to Aulis, he killed the child as a sacrifice to the
winds, so that the fleet might sail.  After that, Hermione asked,
what loyalty did Clytemnestra owe to Agamemnon?  And I couldn't
think of the reply I wanted.  I did say that Clytemnestra's conduct
wasn't sanctioned by religion, but sacrifice was.  She laughed at
me.  There you are, Menelaus!  I call that dangerous.  If you
hadn't changed, you'd thank me for putting you on your guard."

"Now that you've got to the point at last," said Menelaus, "I don't
mind telling you I have indeed changed.  I'm not afraid of new
ideas as I once was, and as you still are.  We've been away a long
time, we've seen many countries and other people, and we must have
broadened.  Before I went I wasn't interested, for example, in
Egypt, but it's a remarkable country, and the people know a lot
more than we do.  And we've been through the war, you should
remember.  Nothing can be quite the same again.  When your emotions
have been stretched in unusual directions for a protracted period,
you discover that your ideas have changed, and not necessarily for
the worse.  Those who go to war seem to have more new ideas than
they who stay at home.  I won't say I like these ideas of Orestes,
but they don't scare me.  Before I went to Troy, if you had told me
that Achilles would give back Hector's body to be buried by his
relatives, and would stop the war for twelve days so that the
funeral would not be interrupted, I shouldn't have believed you,
but that's what he did.  When Helen went off with Paris, I followed
to kill them both.  Now here she is home with me again.  You can't
get over it.  It's the one new idea you've had in twenty years--
your surprise that my wife is at home and not in the tomb.  I'm
rather surprised myself, but not so much as you are.  I can't
explain it--I can only say, with you, our ideas change."

"The parallel between Hector's corpse and your wife eludes me,"
said the gate-keeper, "but I gather, Menelaus, that you think a
great deal of good has come out of the war--not for the Trojans, I
take it, not for Hector, not for Patroclus nor for Achilles, but
for you.  The logic of your position, I suppose, is that your wife
did you a good turn when she ran away with another man."

"I don't know that my gate ever needed watching so much as it does
at this moment," said Menelaus.  "Did you happen to favour my wife
with any of your conversation just before she left for Troy?  I've
often wondered what drove her away; Paris was never the only reason


"How good of you, Helen, to return my call so promptly," said
Charitas.  "I was distressed that you weren't at home.  Just as
soon as I heard of your unexpected return, I went over to your
house.  It seemed the least a girlhood friend could do.  There's so
much I want to hear.  The other side of the garden is shaded--we'll
go there."

"You've changed the garden, Charitas, I shouldn't have known it,"
said Helen.  "It was lovely before, but you've improved it since I
saw it last."

"Time does wonders," said Charitas.  "Helen, your servant can wait
outside with the sunshade--you won't need it."

"She may stay with me," said Helen.  "Adraste and I get on well
together.  Come here, Adraste, I want my friend to see you--a
friend of my girlhood."

"Oh, Helen, how beautiful she is!  What an amazing person you are,
to keep a beautiful girl like that in the house."

"I have no prejudice against beauty," said Helen--"why shouldn't I
have Adraste with me?"

"Well, perhaps your husband isn't susceptible, and you haven't a
son to worry about.  My boy, Damastor--you remember him?  Oh, of
course you don't; he was about to be born when you left for Egypt.
Damastor is handsome as Apollo, and he loves everything beautiful.
It's terrible.  I've tried to bring him up well.  He's an artist,
I'm afraid--my father had a second cousin who was.  I've tried to
keep his mind occupied, and there are not many occasions in Sparta.
There's Hermione, of course, and I'd be ever so pleased if he took
a fancy to her.  I've interested him in gardening--most of this is
his work.  But I don't think it will hold him long."

"You're afraid," said Helen, "that if he saw a beautiful girl he'd
fall in love with her?"

"Well, you know what I mean," said Charitas.

"No, I don't," said Helen.

"I want him to be a credit to his bringing up, and fall in love
at the right time with the right girl," said Charitas.  "You
and I know that beauty often leads to entanglements with the

"It often leads to love, I believe," said Helen, "and in the
presence of great beauty all men seem to be inexperienced.  There
isn't enough of it, I suppose, to get used to.  You wish your boy
to be respectable--fall in love with a plain woman?  Or entirely
conventional--marry one he doesn't love at all?"

"How cynical it has made you--I mean, you didn't talk this way
before you went away."

"Before I went away," said Helen, "we never mentioned the subject,
your son not yet being born, but I dare say I should have talked
the same way then.  I hope so.  It isn't cynical--it's merely
honest.  You know as well as I that it's quite proper to marry
someone you respect but don't love.  Society never will ostracise
you for it.  And you know it's getting into the realm of romance
when you really lose your heart to your mate, even though he or she
isn't beautiful.  That's more than respectable--it's admirable.
Something like that, I understand, you dream of for your boy."

"That doesn't quite cover my point of view," said Charitas.

"No, it doesn't quite cover mine, either," said Helen.  "I ought to
add that those two formulas, love without beauty and marriage
without love, though they are respectable and conventional, are
also very dangerous.  Rare as beauty is, you can't always prevent
it from coming your way, and if you see it you must love it."

"I don't know that you must," said Charitas; "some of us have
previous obligations."

"If you've never given yourself to beauty," said Helen, "there are
no previous obligations."

"Then you wouldn't try to stop a boy from falling in love with the
first beautiful girl he sees?"

"I'd try to prevent him from falling in love with any other," said
Helen, "and when the beautiful girl arrives, it's his duty to love
her.  He probably will, anyway, whether or not he has contracted
obligations with the respectable and plain, and I'd rather have him
free and sincere.  The way you are going at it, Charitas, you will
make your boy ashamed to love beauty, and he'll pursue it in some
treacherous, cowardly fashion.  Your ambition to keep him
respectable may prevent him from being moral."

"Do you talk this way to Hermione?" said Charitas.

"I've had little opportunity to talk to her on any subject," said
Helen, "but I should say the same thing to her.  I hope she will
love the most wonderful man she knows, and I'd like her to fall in
love at sight, but in any case she probably will love as fate
wills, and there's no use interfering.  The ones that take advice
are heart-free."

"Would you mind Adraste's waiting at the other end of the garden?"
said Charitas.  "There are one or two things I'd like to whisper to

"Adraste will wait at the end of the garden," said Helen.  "But now
she's gone, I must say, Charitas, I see no point in whispering.  If
it's unmentionable, don't let's say it."

"Helen, it's all very well for you to be frank, but perhaps you do
harm to others.  You oughtn't to say such things before the girl--
and with reference to my son; you'll put ideas into her head."

"Dear Charitas, what possible ideas of ours are new to the young,
who listen to nature?  I mentioned your son only because you did,
and I wished him a happy fate.  You, it seems to me, gave him a bad
character; you expressed distrust of him, and before the girl.  She
hasn't lost her heart to your description.  You really ought to
send him over to our house some day soon, to prove he's more of a
man than you've tried to make him.  I'm curious to see the boy."

"He's been there several times recently, to see Hermione," said
Charitas.  "I couldn't say it before your servant, but I'd be quite
satisfied if he cares for Hermione.  No one could breathe a word
against her."

"They probably could, in some circumstances," said Helen, "unless
human nature is falling off.  But I agree that she doesn't deserve
it.  Does she happen to be interested in Damastor?  Her father
always wanted her to marry her cousin Orestes."

"She never mentioned Orestes to me," said Charitas, "nor my son
either, I must say.  She wouldn't to his mother.  She's been here
quite often recently.  Come to think of it, she's talked chiefly

"Go on," said Helen, "about what?"

"Why, about you.  She explained it all, and I must say she took a
weight off my mind."

"You evidently expect me to understand you," said Helen, "but I'm
quite mystified.  What did she explain?  What was on your mind?"

"Oh, Helen, I really didn't mean to bring the subject up--not so
soon.  But now I might as well go on.  She explained about you and
Paris, and I was so thankful to know that you were the innocent

"Innocent of what?  Are we speaking of crimes?  A gratifying idea!
Perhaps Hermione will explain it to her mother when I get home."

"Well, not crimes, if you prefer," said Charitas, "but I understood--
we all did--that you ran away to Troy with Paris--that he was your
lover, and you--you loved him.  I confess I believed it, Helen--
your husband made the same natural mistake.  And since Paris was a
prince, we thought he really was a gentleman.  The moment Hermione
explained his low character, and told me of the miraculous rescue
heaven provided for you, I knew at once that you had been an
unwilling victim, first and last.  We're all so glad that Menelaus
could see it too, and forgive you."

"Menelaus!" said Helen.  "Well, to come back to Paris.  Why does
Hermione think his character was low?"

"He stole the furniture," said Charitas.

"What?" cried Helen.

"So I learned from Hermione," said Charitas, "and he forced you to
go with him.  Hermione expressed it very delicately, as a young
girl should, but I got the impression that you resisted him all the
way to Egypt, and there you were rescued.  Really, Helen, it must
have been a thrilling adventure."

"Charitas," said Helen, "I'm deeply interested in my daughter's
version of my story.  When did she tell you all this?"

"Most of it before you came home, some of it since.  The other day
she looked in to say that since your return she had been able to
confirm several details about Egypt."

"What about Egypt?" said Helen.  "You mentioned the country when I
came in this afternoon, and I didn't understand to what you

"Oh, Hermione gave me the names of the man and his wife with whom
you stayed--Thon--Thonis?  Is that it? and--Oh, yes, Polydamna."

"I stayed in Egypt with Thonis and Polydamna, did I?" said Helen.

"Didn't you?" said Charitas.  "Hermione says you did."

"You'd better tell me all she said," replied Helen, "and then I'll
correct anything that's wrong."

"It seems silly to be telling you, Helen--I'd rather have you tell
me what happened.  But you know, we thought you just ran away with
Paris, until Hermione explained that he took you against your will,
and robbed Menelaus of some things of value, and altogether showed
himself for what he was.  Then the wind blew you to Egypt instead
of Troy--I'm sure it was the gods protecting you--and there you
appealed for help, and Thonis would have killed Paris if he hadn't
been in a sense a guest, entitled to sanctuary.  But he made him go
on to Troy alone, and you and the stolen things remained with
Thonis and Polydamna until your husband came for you and brought
you home.  That's true, isn't it?"

"Is it Hermione's idea," said Helen, "that there was no war with

"Dear me, no--I mean yes," said Charitas, "the war was a deplorable
but natural blunder, she says.  Your husband and his friends went
to Troy and demanded you back, and the Trojans said you weren't
there.  Of course our men wouldn't believe them.  The Trojans said
you were waiting for Menelaus to call for you in Egypt.  That
sounded terribly facetious, especially as they didn't deny that
Paris had reached home.  So there was nothing for it but to fight.
Naturally, if you had been there, as Hermione says, the Trojans
would have been glad to give you up."

"She says so, does she?" said Helen.

"Yes--to save the city; it stands to reason.  But they could only
defend themselves, once they were attacked, and when the city fell
and the truth came out, it was too late.  So much time lost!  And
nothing for Menelaus to do, after all, but go back to Egypt and
bring you home.  If I know your husband, Helen, he was irritated."

"He was," said Helen; "the voyage from Egypt was anything but
agreeable.  What else did Hermione say?"

"That's all, I think--"

"Charitas, have you told these stories to any of our friends?"

"To every one I could, Helen; I knew it would make them happy to
have your reputation cleared--we're very fond of you."

"I see I shall be busy for some time," said Helen, "correcting all
this nonsense.  I may as well begin with you now, Charitas.  You
really didn't believe Hermione?"

"Certainly I did!  It was entirely plausible, and for your sake I
wanted to believe it.  I shouldn't have been much of a friend if I
hadn't done my best."

"You thought it plausible," said Helen, "that Hermione should know
the circumstances of my leaving home, when she was only a child at
the time?  For my sake you wished to believe I waited twenty years
in Egypt because I couldn't come home without Menelaus' escort?
Well, let me correct your error.  Menelaus and I were blown down to
Egypt on our way back.  I never stayed with Thonis and Polydamna,
though they are the people who sold us food and supplies.  Paris
and I made a very direct voyage to Troy; at least I enjoyed it and
it didn't seem long.  I loved him dearly.  He never would have
taken me away if I hadn't wanted to go.  And he didn't steal the
furniture.  Some pieces did disappear, I understand, in the
confusion, but they must be here somewhere in Sparta; Paris took
nothing to Troy, and Thonis certainly gave nothing back to Menelaus
on our voyage home."

"Oh, Helen, don't tell me that; I've hoped for the best!" said
Charitas.  "I can't believe it as I look at you.  You look so--you
won't mind the word?--so innocent!  And for you to contradict the
creditable story yourself, and insist on being--on being what we
thought at first!  I can't make you out at all.  And I can't
understand now why you came home with Menelaus."

"Or why he came home with me," said Helen.  "That is the queer part
of it.  All the relatives and friends are puzzled.  I'm not going
to suggest any explanation of his conduct.  But he did want me to
come back; he intended to kill me, but he changed his mind.  If you
want to go deeper than that into his motives, Charitas, ask him
yourself sometime when he is over here.  But I can give you at once
my own explanation of myself.  Thank you, dear Charitas, for saying
I look innocent.  I am innocent.  That is, of everything except
love.  From what you said this afternoon, perhaps you think love is
a crime.  Let's compromise, and say it's a great misfortune--a
misfortune one wouldn't have missed.  There's every reason why we
should be frank about our misfortunes, about our faults, too, for
that matter, and certainly about the misery our faults and our
misfortunes bring on others.  Now if I allowed you to believe that
shabby story about Egypt, I should be shirking the blame for all
the trouble at Troy.  I was there, and I was the cause of it all;
to deny it would be to deny myself--to exist only in falsehood."

"For goodness' sake, Helen," said Charitas, "I'll go mad with your
reasoning.  You want the world to know you caused the trouble at
Troy, and you want us to think you're as innocent as you look.
What's your idea of innocence?"

"Charitas, I'm not easily provoked," said Helen, "but I've a mind
at this moment to learn what is your idea of respectability.  Here
we are sitting in your garden, in broad daylight; your servants and
perhaps the neighbours can see what disreputable company you keep.
Shall I go now, or not until you've heard the rest of my story?"

"Don't be sensitive, Helen--finish the story.  Of course I want to
hear it.  I hope for light."

"You won't get it from me," said Helen; "our experience hasn't been
of the same order, and our ideas probably won't be.  But here is my
account of my innocence.  I am used to having men fall in love with
me, but I never wanted them to, and I never flirted with a man in
my life.  I simply existed; that was enough.  And I never wished to
love.  To marry--yes; I was glad to marry Menelaus, but I had some
of your prudent conviction that marriage is easier to arrange and
carry through than love is.  Against my will I fell in love with
Paris.  It just happened to me, and I don't consider myself
responsible.  But I could be sincere--that at least was in my
choice, whatever else was fate.  Since love had befallen me, I saw
it through to the end.  Charitas, sincerity was the one virtue I
salvaged out of the madness, and I kept a little intelligence,
too--I had enough wit to know that the end would be bad.  I was
deserting my child; what would happen to her character, growing up
alone, and with such an example?  When we reached Troy, the
Trojans, I was sure, would repudiate Paris and me, else there would
be war.  But as it turned out, the Trojans did nothing of the sort.
They welcomed me.  When the war was going the wrong way for them,
they said more than once that it was worth it, just to have me with
them.  Charitas, a woman who does a wrong she feels she cannot
help, yet expects to suffer for it, and is ready to pay the penalty
as though it were altogether her fault--such a woman, in my
opinion, is moral far above the average.  By your own standards, I
think--certainly by mine--the Trojans lost their sense of moral
consequences.  Hermione's story would save their reputations, but
it does less than justice to mine.  I am proud of my willingness to
pay for what others suffered from my misfortune.  Without that
moral clarity, I could have no peace of mind.  And I think
Menelaus, like the Trojans, showed that he was ethically confused.
From the beginning of the siege, I thought our people would win,
and that Menelaus would kill me.  But instead he brought me home,
as you see.  Even the gods, it might be said, were delinquent, not
to annihilate me--but perhaps I'm to suffer exquisitely now through
my neglected daughter, who has grown up to have a respectable and
dishonest imagination.  Had I been here, I should have taught her
to love the truth."

"Well, with the facts this way, Helen," said Charitas, "I can't
understand Menelaus any more than I can you.  I'd have sworn he'd
be insane for revenge.  He was always such a devoted husband."

"He was," said Helen, "he came for me with a knife or a sword or
something.  I hardly noticed; it made no difference to me.  I
expected it, and made no attempt to escape.  I even made it easy
for him, drew my robe away from my heart--so."

"Oh, it was then he decided not to kill you?  Poor man! . . .
Helen, you're impossible!"

"Why impossible, Charitas?  Obvious and innocent, I think," said
Helen.  "Far more moral, I claim, than the world in which I have
tried to lead a good life.  If you had had my experience, and had
grown used as I have to the odd turns things take, you'd either say
that our ideas of justice have no basis in experience, or else that
our misfortunes are the work of powers above us, who use us for
their own purposes.  Love, for instance.  You'd better lift up your
hands to it.  It's terrible as well as beautiful.  It isn't what
you think it is, Charitas--it isn't just a word for a feeling we

"I haven't gone into the subject so deeply as you have," said
Charitas.  "No doubt you've talked this over many a time with
Paris.  You haven't said much about Paris."

"I loved him," said Helen, "and he is dead.  What would you like me
to say about him?"

"You don't mind my asking, do you?" said Charitas.  "I wondered how
he fitted into your philosophy.  You loved him enough to run away
with him, but now that he is dead you seem rather tranquil about
it.  Helen, it does make you seem hard-hearted; you ought to appear
sad, anyway."

"If I tell you the truth, you'll not understand me," said Helen,
"but the truth is, it wasn't Paris I loved; I loved something he
made me think of.  At first I thought I loved him--afterwards I
loved, and always shall, what I thought was Paris.  First I loved
him, then I was sorry for him."

"That's what I have against romance," said Charitas, "the
disillusion afterwards."

"Ah, you've heard of it?" asked Helen.

"Yes," said Charitas, "and in your case the disillusion must have
made you feel it was an unusually bad mistake.  That's why I can't
see much in your philosophy of innocence, Helen."

"If that illusion was a bad mistake, Charitas, then most marriages
are a fatal error.  Please understand why I was sorry for Paris; I
felt that he too was lost in a madness, lost for something not me,
for something I made him dream of, something he would never find--
lost as I was lost.  But it happens in marriage too, if you begin
with love.  Many a good husband is a lost man.  When it comes to
that, Charitas, how about the wives?  Isn't it my turn to ask how
your own heart has weathered the years?"

"I don't think I could speak of anything so intimate, Helen, not
even to you.  Besides, I've nothing to tell.  My husband and I have
been entirely faithful to each other."

"But might not be," said Helen, "if there were a beautiful serving-
girl in the house.  As for yourself, Charitas, do you mean you are
still in the heyday of amorous illusion, or do you feel virtuous
because you have always managed to care for other men a little
less, even, than you have cared for your husband?"

"Don't talk that way, Helen; it hurts.  I confess I'm old-
fashioned.  I like the old ways of men and women."

"Adraste likes them, too," said Helen.  "She seems to have met a
friend at the end of your garden.  He's been talking with her most
confidentially, not to say affectionately, for the last fifteen

"Kind gods!" cried Charitas, "that's my boy Damastor!  There, I
told you, Helen, I told you!"


Hermione was Helen's child, but Menelaus was her father.  She had
his dark hair, his black eyes, and his kind of regal bearing.  She
had the manner of knowing who she was.  Helen was queenly by birth,
Hermione by inheritance.  She was not beautiful herself, but she
called beauty to mind, and she had an admirable character.  The
world, she thought, might be set straight by intelligence and
resolution.  She was disposed to do her part.  She stood before
Helen now, tall and slender, much at ease, wondering why her mother
had sent for her.

"Hermione, I find certain scandalous rumours circulating about me
here in Sparta.  Perhaps you can explain them."

"Which do you refer to, mother?"

"So you have heard of them.  I must know their source, if possible,
in order to stop them.  Scandal is always annoying, and usually it
is unnecessary."

"At times, mother, it is inevitable."

"Never," said Helen.  "I've met people who thought so, but I don't
share their view.  In any case, the question hardly concerns us.  I
wish to get at the bottom of these stories in which I figure rather
discreditably.  When did they first come to your attention?"

"I'd rather forget than talk about them, mother."

"We'll dispose of them first and forget them afterwards," said
Helen.  "Since there are several of these stories, which did you
hear of first, and when?"

"There's the legend," said Hermione, "that you deserted your
husband and ran away with Paris to Troy.  I first heard of it
immediately after you went."

"But that's not scandal," said Helen, "that's the truth."

"If that's not scandal, I don't know what it is."

"I see you don't," said her mother.  "In scandal there's always
some falsehood, something malicious and defamatory.  Scandal, to my
mind, is such a story as I heard yesterday afternoon from Charitas.
She says I never was at Troy at all.  Paris carried me off, against
my will, and some valuable furniture, too.  The winds blew us to
Egypt--you know the absurd tale?  Well, that's what I call scandal.
What should I be doing in Egypt?  And should I have gone off with
Paris if he had been a thief?"

"The furniture was missing," said Hermione, "and you must admit,
mother, Paris was the natural one to blame, since he--well, he
did--what he did."

"What did he do?" asked Helen.  "You were an infant at the time;
I'd like to hear your account of the episode.  Perhaps you supplied
the malicious part of the scandal.  Paris didn't steal me, as you
were about to say, I was quite willing.  But if he had stolen me,
I'd prefer to think he would have had no margin of interest left
for the furniture."

Hermione said nothing.

"Well?" said Helen.

"Mother, this is a terrible subject--I'd rather avoid it," said
Hermione.  "It isn't a subject for a girl to be talking to her
mother about."

"What isn't?" said Helen.

"The character of the man who--who seduced you," said Hermione.

"Nobody seduced me, and I have not desired your opinion of Paris.
You were a year old when he saw you last.  What I want to know is
something you may be able to tell me--how did these scandals

"If you insist on our coming to an understanding," said Hermione,
"I think you oughtn't to turn the discussion from its natural path.
I didn't want to say anything, but if we talk of it at all, it IS a
question of Paris.  Of course, when he left I had no opinion of
him, but I have one now.  I don't think highly of him.  He's dead--
and all that, but his conduct has seemed to me, still seems,

"My impression is that he couldn't help it," said Helen.  "You'll
admit I was in a better position to understand him.  But that's not
the point.  How did such a story begin?  Do you know?"

"Since you are determined to find out," said Hermione, "I made up
all the stories myself."

"That's what I gathered from Charitas," said Helen.  "I'm glad you
have the frankness to own it.  Oh, Hermione, how could you tell
those lies?  You needn't answer; it's the result of my leaving you--
you had no bringing up."

"You hurt me," cried Hermione, "you hurt me with the hard things
you say and the cool way you say them!  I try to be dutiful, I call
you mother, but we don't belong to each other.  If you were human
you'd know why I did what I could to save your name, to keep even a
wild chance it might be a mistake, to support at least a little
good opinion for you to return to--if you came back.  Don't look at
me so--you've no right to!  If I had a daughter telling me such
truth as I'm telling you, I'd feel shame--I couldn't be so shining
and serene!"

Helen continued radiant and serene.  "Respectability based on
falsehood," she said.  "That's what your love for me suggested.
I've seen it tried before, Hermione, you're very like your father.
Like my sister, too, I'm sorry to see.  By the way, have you seen
Orestes in my absence?"

"From time to time," said Hermione--"that is, not very often."

"What if you had?" asked Helen.  "It wouldn't be a crime, would

Hermione said nothing.

"You needn't blush," said Helen, "it's not your daughter speaks to
you as yet; it's only your mother, who embarrasses you with her
liking for sincerity.  As a matter of fact, I've no doubt you've
seen your cousin frequently."

Hermione said nothing.

"There's nothing to be ashamed of, if you have," her mother went
on; "we once planned that you should marry him, and I dare say he
likes you.  I raised the question merely to examine your character
a bit further.  You lacked courage about me, but I could excuse
that--you're young, and mine is an unusual case.  But you ought to
have enough courage to tell the truth about your own blameless
life.  You thought my reputation would be improved by those
extraordinary tales; will you tell me what your reputation can gain
by lack of frankness?"

"Orestes has been here often, I suppose," said Hermione, "but it
doesn't seem often.  Perhaps that's because I'm in love with him,
as he is with me.  I should have told you before, but I thought you
didn't care for him."

"I don't care for him," said Helen, "but then I don't intend to
marry him.  Do you?  You see the dilemma you've placed yourself in.
If you wished to marry him, yet gave him up because I disapproved,
I'd know you valued my opinion--and I'd know you weren't altogether
in love.  But if you are to marry him anyway, and defer to my
opinion only by concealing your intentions, then I'm not flattered,
and I foresee no happiness in your marriage.  In marriage, if
anywhere, you need the courage of your convictions, at least at the

"You hurt me so," cried Hermione, "I'm tempted to speak plainly
enough to satisfy even you!  I don't know whether it's the courage
of my convictions, or just that I'm angry, but I don't admire your
kind of courage, nor the kind of man you ran away with, nor your
ideas about scandal!  I still have some impulse--I don't know why I
have it--to spare you the things you don't like but which can't be
helped.  I'm not so old as you, but I don't feel very young.  I've
grown up watching what you call your unusual career, and I realise
without the slightest shame that I'm more old-fashioned than you
are; I like the respectability you seem to dread, I want a lover I
can settle down with and be true to, I'm going to have an orderly
home.  I'm sorry I tried to save your reputation for you, since you
prefer it the other way, but no great harm was done--none of your
friends really believed me.  What I did was out of duty, I have no
reason to love you, I owe you gratitude for nothing.  You never
made me happy, you never made anyone happy, not even those who
loved you--not my father nor Paris, nor any of them.  Paris must
have seen--he was a fool to take you."

Hermione was a bit amazed, and on the whole gratified, at her own
indignation and spirit.  She felt it was a big moment.  Helen, too,
strange to say, seemed pleased.

"Now you are telling the truth," she said.  "Thank heaven you are
beginning, though it's at the bottom, where we so often begin--with
unpleasant things about others.  But I'd rather hear this than
those silly fabrications of yours.  Correct at every point; you
have no reason to love me, and none to be grateful.  As for Paris,
I've often wondered why he loved me.  For the same reason, I
suspect, that your father didn't kill me, that night in Troy.  I
told Paris precisely what you have said--that I had made no one
happy.  I also told him that no man had made me happy--that what
promised to be immortal ecstasy would prove but a moment, brief and
elusive, that our passion would bring misery after it, that for him
it would probably bring death.  With his eyes open, and I can't say
he was a fool, he chose our love.  Or perhaps there was no choice.
But surely your father knew the worst when he came to find me,
sword in hand and murder in his heart.  He had every right to kill
me, and I thought he would.  Or perhaps I didn't think so."

Hermione was put out that her mother wasn't angry.  It seemed her
turn to speak, but she couldn't get her wits together; she felt
unexpectedly exhausted.  She had been standing for some time; now
she sat down on the couch beside her mother.

"Your facts are correct," Helen went on, "but some aspects of them
you are too young to understand.  I ought to have made you happy--
one's child ought to be happy.  But not one's lover; I deny any
obligation there.  If we only knew beforehand, and accepted the
implications, that happiness is the last thing to ask of love!  A
divine realisation of life, yes, an awakening to the world outside
and to the soul within--but not happiness.  Hermione, I wish I
could teach you now that a man or a woman loved is simply the
occasion of a dream.  The stronger the love, as we say, the clearer
and more lifelike seems the vision.  To make your lover altogether
happy would be a contradiction of terms; if he's really your lover
he will see in you far more than you are, but if you prove less
than he sees, he will be unhappy."

"Don't you think you're a peculiar case?" said Hermione.  "To you
love may be this uncertain kind of trouble, but to other people, as
far as I've observed them about here, it's a fairly normal,
reliable happiness.  At least they don't talk as you do, they look
comfortable, and they congratulate the young who have agreed to

"My dear child," said Helen, "I am a peculiar case--everyone is who
has known love.  But there's some general wisdom about the matter
which I'd share with you if I could.  It's useless to try.  You'll
have to learn for yourself when you fall in love."

"I am in love," said Hermione--"with Orestes."

"Yes, child, in love--but not deeply.  I dare say he has never
disappointed you, as yet."


"The early stage," said Helen.  "We have to build up the illusion
before we can be disappointed."

"I've a new light on scandal," said Hermione, "and I'll do my best
to grasp your idea of love.  May I ask you a personal question?  I
suppose this theory ought to apply to you as well as to the men who
loved you.  Has love for you, too, always been a mistake?"

"Never a mistake," said Helen, "always an illusion."

"So when you ran off with Paris, it wasn't really Paris you loved--
as you found out later?"

"You might say that--it wasn't the real Paris."

"But you'll admit you hadn't the excuse you give me, of
inexperience," said Hermione.  "You had already loved my father,
and I suppose had found out that he, too, wasn't what you wanted.
You shouldn't have been deceived a second time."

"I married your father," said Helen; "I never said I loved him.
But not to shock you and not to misrepresent myself, let me say
I've always been fond of Menelaus, and he's an impeccable husband.
Yet your argument would miss the point, even if I had been
passionate over him.  I should then have to confess the same
disillusion in my love for Menelaus as in my love for Paris, but
perhaps I preferred my illusion for Paris.  It's the illusion you
fall in love with.  And no matter how often it occurs, no matter
how wise you are as to what the end will be, one more illusion is
welcome--for only while it lasts do we catch a vision of our best
selves.  In that sense, as I understand it, love is a disease, and

"Well, then," said Hermione, "when once a person has occasioned in
you this divine vision of yourself, you might keep the happiness if
you never saw the person again?"

"That's a profound insight," said Helen, "but to be so wise would
be inhuman."

"One other question, mother--does father think as you do?"

"I doubt it, but you never can tell," said Helen.  "Your father
hasn't spoken to me at any length about his ideas of love--not for
a long time."

"I'm sure he wouldn't agree with you," said Hermione, "and neither
do I.  Your praise of truth gives me courage to say I don't think
all the people I know, except you, are wrong, nor that what seems
their happiness is an illusion.  For myself I want the kind of
happiness I believe they really have.  I shall never understand how
you, so beautiful and so clever, with a husband you had chosen
yourself from so many splendid suitors, could throw yourself away
on that person from Asia.  I've tried to imagine just what was your
state of mind when you ran off with him, but I can't."

"No, in that direction," said Helen, "you failed rather notably.  I
come back to the scandal you spread.  You told Charitas I went away
because I couldn't help myself--Paris took me by force."

"It seemed the kindest version."

"Oh--was there a choice of versions?  What have I escaped--which
were the others?"

"Oh, what's the use, mother?" said Hermione.  "I've owned up about
the stories, and since you don't like them, I'm sorry.  You only
make me angry by the way you examine me.  I tried to do right, but
you make me feel cheap."

"If you were trying to do right, you have no cause to feel cheap,"
said Helen.  "But I suspect you were uncomfortable even at the
time; I credit you with too much intelligence to think you knew
what you were talking about."

"I knew what I was about--I was telling a lie, for your sake, and
also for the sake of the rest of us.  I could have told more than
one lie; I tried to choose the best.  The first I thought of
wouldn't do--I had it out of old-fashioned poetry--that situation
you get so often where the gods deceive the lover by a spell, and
he doesn't know who it is he takes in his arms, but afterward his
eyes are cleared and he knows he's been tricked.  I was so
desperate at first, I thought of saying Aphrodite enchanted you, so
you thought it was Menelaus, but it turned out to be Paris.  Don't
smile--I didn't waste much time on that threadbare poetry.  Then I
could have said you went with Paris willingly, but that was so
obviously disreputable, and I couldn't explain it away.  Besides,
it was just what people were thinking.  I saw it must be Paris
taking you by force."

"Very strange, considering what I was telling you only a moment ago
about love," said Helen, "but that first idea isn't threadbare
poetry, and if you had told it I should never have called it
scandal, for it's the truth.  Paris couldn't have stolen me against
my will.  In a sense I went of my own accord.  But in the deepest
sense the story would have been true--it was the spell."

"Now really, mother, that's too much--not that--not at this late

"Truth, Hermione, profound truth!  You always think it's Menelaus
you're embracing, and it turns out to be Paris."

"I give you my word, mother, never in my life have I heard a remark
more cynical!"

"On the contrary," said Helen, "it's one of the most optimistic
remarks you will ever hear, especially coming from me.  You don't
understand yet, and many who ought to know seem reluctant to tell,
but in love there's always a natural enchantment of passion to draw
us on, and when the enchantment dies as it must, there remains
behind it either a disillusion, or a beautiful reality, a
friendship, a comradeship, a harmony.  This wonder behind the
passing spell I've never yet found, but I have always sought it,
and I persist in believing it may be there."

"If we all lived on your plan," said Hermione, "I don't see what
would become of people.  We haven't the right to lead our own

"If we don't lead our own life," said Helen, "we are in danger of
trying to lead someone else's."

"I mean, we're not alone in the world," said Hermione.  "You can
talk me down, but I wonder you don't realise how queer your sense
of proportion looks.  You take me to task because I spread a story
about you--false, I'll admit, but in the circumstances remarkably
generous and favourable.  Yet you have been preaching ideas here,
with your quiet voice and those innocent eyes of yours, ideas which
would make us all wicked if we followed them.  Telling a little
falsehood for a kind purpose doesn't seem to me so bad as
destroying homes and bringing on war and taking men to their

"It wouldn't seem so bad," said Helen, "unless you asked what
started the destroying of homes, the war and death.  You might find
that the remote cause was a little falsehood for a kind purpose.
If we all lived on my plan, you said.  I have no plan, except to be
as sincere as possible.  We certainly are not alone in the world,
and the first condition of living satisfactorily with the others, I
think, is to be entirely truthful with them.  How can anything be
kind that is partly a lie?  And you don't see what would become of
people!  Well, what's becoming of them now?  Ever since I returned
I've noticed how the kind ways of our fathers, the manners wise men
agreed on for each other's happiness, can be turned to very mean
uses.  Charitas came over to see me at once.  What could be kinder
than to welcome an old friend home?  Had she any honest business in
my house if she didn't come as a friend?  I've returned the call,
and I know her through and through.  She told me the legends you
tried to circulate; of course she hoped they weren't true.  She
hoped for the worst.  What she wanted when she rushed over here
was the first bloom of the gossip, news of my most intimate
experiences, to discuss my wickedness more specifically with the
neighbours.  And then, poor woman, she's never had any adventures
herself.  I disappointed her.  She got no news, and made it clear
that I am an entirely moral woman."

"Mother!  How could you?" said Hermione.

"I won't go into the argument now," said Helen--"I'm growing tired
of myself as a theme for conversation, and it's you I wanted to
talk about.  But I might leave this suggestion with you--that of
all those who went to Troy on my account, I'm the only one who
returned with an unimpaired sense of morality.  If this talk has
opened your eyes in the least degree, you may watch the people
around you, and watch yourself, and you'll see what I mean.  We
have the right to lead our own lives--you've the right even to
marry Orestes, though I still hope you won't.  But that right
implies another--to suffer the consequences.  If I'd been home to
train you properly, I shouldn't be telling you now that for
intelligent people the time for repentance is in advance.  Do your
best, and if it's a mistake, hide nothing and be glad to suffer for
it.  That's morality.  I don't observe much of it in this

"It's only fair to remember," said Hermione, "that Charitas has
been a good friend to me in your absence.  She'd be astonished if
she knew what you think of her."

"She knows now, and she is astonished," said Helen.  "I consider
her a dangerous woman.  Mark my words, she'll do a lot of harm.
What sort of boy is that son of hers?"

"Damastor?  Oh, he's all right," said Hermione.  "He hasn't his
mother's steadiness of character, but he's harmless.  He's devoted
to Charitas."

"What do you mean by harmless?" asked Helen.

"Oh, he's well-behaved, sheltered and quiet, a bit young even for
his years."

"You must admire his type," said Helen.

"What, Damastor?" cried Hermione.

"His mother says he's devoted to you."

"To me?  I scarcely know him!  Oh, I've seen him at his mother's,
but not often.  He's shown no signs of devotion, thank heaven!
I've thought of him as a mere child."

"Then he hasn't been calling on you lately?"

"Never--who told you that?"

"Charitas.  She says he told her.  I thought myself it wasn't so.
They're a very respectable family.  No more than the normal amount
of lying, I dare say.  You might do worse."




"Menelaus," said Helen, "may I have a word with you?"

"I'm busy.  What do you want?"

"I want to talk with you about Hermione."

"Now, what's wrong with her?"

"Nothing's wrong.  I just want to discuss her future.  We haven't
given it much thought yet, and you must feel as I do that we should
plan together for the happiness of our child."

"That can wait," said Menelaus.  "I've a great deal to do this
morning.  The thing isn't important, anyway; Hermione isn't

"It's important to me, Menelaus.  Hermione may not be unhappy--she
isn't, I hope--but she has been much neglected.  Now that we are
home again we ought to study her, and provide the sort of life that
will develop the best in her, and give her satisfaction as she
grows older.  I don't see how you can postpone the obligation a
moment longer."

"Well, I like that!" said Menelaus.  "If she has been neglected,
kindly tell me who neglected her?  You speak as though it were my

"We both of us left her, though for different reasons," said Helen.
"I'll take the blame, if you like, but now we are here again, let
us repair the harm.  You share that ambition, I assume.  For me,
nothing is more important this morning; if you are too busy to put
your mind on it now, will you fix a time when we can talk?  But you
really aren't busy, Menelaus.  When I came in you were standing
there, gazing out the door."

"I wish you'd learn that a man may be profoundly occupied even
standing still and gazing out of a door.  You don't half give me
credit, Helen.  If I didn't think hard and often, this place
wouldn't hold together.  It's perilously run down.  I rather think
I'm planning well for my child if I merely keep the property in

"You do manage well, Menelaus; no one appreciates it more than I.
That's why I want to talk about Hermione--it's your advice we need,
before she commits herself too far."

"Commits herself to what?"

"Well, for one thing, to a husband."


"That's one possibility, I suppose," said Helen.  "She thinks she's
in love with him."

"Good!" said Menelaus.  "Then that's settled.  Was there anything

"We haven't finished with Orestes yet," said Helen.  "I don't think
it's good that she imagines herself in love with him.  I doubt if
she knows what love is.  She's determined to marry him."

"May I say 'good' again--since you're asking my advice?  Why
shouldn't they marry?  I thought we all agreed to that long ago."

"Exactly.  Long ago.  We've learned a good deal since.  What's
experience for?  Orestes is no husband for my child."

"Do you refer to our child?  I like to be counted in, while my
advice is being asked.  As a matter of fact, I know what you're up
to, Helen; you've made up your mind to do something or other, and
you're breaking the news to me.  I've had my advice asked before.
Now please understand, once for all, that Orestes suits me, if
Hermione wants him.  And I haven't heard of any rivals.  Come to
think of it, you and I haven't seen him--since when?  We shouldn't
recognise him if we met.  Hermione knows him much better than we
do--they've been somewhat thrown together, I understand, by common
interest in absent parents.  What does she report of him?"

"She reports that she's in love with him.  Nothing more specific.
I certainly have no first-hand acquaintance with him, but I know
his mother and you know his father--that's the politest way to put
it; he must resemble one or the other."

"I can't say I ever liked your sister," said Menelaus, "but you
ought to be more complimentary to Agamemnon, I should think; you
often approve of his point of view--at least, you usually side with
him against me, and he's uniformly civil to you.  One of your
admirers, in fact.  But whatever you think of him and Clytemnestra,
it seems unfair to lay the blame on Orestes."

"Blood will tell," said Helen.  "I've always considered that the
weak side of the house."

"Clytemnestra weak?" cried Menelaus.  "Do you know your sister?
Long ago I told Agamemnon he was a brave man to marry her.  He'll
believe me now, if ever he gets through with those bonfires of his
and comes home.  The night we parted I suggested that he wasn't
eager to face his wife again.  He'll remember the remark."

"What on earth do you mean?"

"Well, I didn't like to tell you before--she's your sister--it's
one of the things I was thinking about when you came in.  Eteoneus
says Clytemnestra is finished with Agamemnon--she has been living
quite openly with gisthus, and she intends to have it out with my
brother when he comes back.  There'll be a dreadful dispute.  I'm
sorry for gisthus, whichever way it ends.  If I knew just where
Agamemnon is now--when you came in I was wondering how I could help
him without hanging about Clytemnestra's door-step in an awkward

"She never did know how to treat a husband," said Helen, "and
though I don't care for Agamemnon, I've always felt sympathy for
him.  Any man deserves a certain attitude on the part of his wife.
If it's impossible for her, she ought to leave.  But I don't see
how Clytemnestra's behaviour is an argument for marrying our
daughter to her son."

"None at all," said Menelaus, "nor an argument against it.  Don't
condemn Orestes before we know him.  Why not send for the boy and
see what he is like?  Or wait till he calls--Eteoneus says he'll be
here soon."

"How does he know that?"

"He doesn't really know it, but he says Orestes has been coming at
regular intervals, and he may be expected shortly."

"So Eteoneus has been encouraging this affair when my back was

"You wouldn't think so, to hear him talk," said Menelaus.  "He
seems to like Orestes less than you do.  They've quarrelled--cursed
each other, according to our gate-keeper, and I dare say he didn't
tell me the worst.  On the whole he supports your side of the

"Then he probably told you some sound reasons for not approving of
Orestes.  What does he say of him?"

"Since you press me," said Menelaus, "he fears that Orestes too
much resembles you--in ideas, that is."

"That's his mother in him," said Helen.  "Eteoneus never understood
me.  I'm sure the boy is Clytemnestra all over again; children
usually take after the parent of the other sex."

"Nonsense!" said Menelaus.  "You can't account for children so
simply.  Besides, that amounts to holding them responsible for
their parents, and it isn't fair.  As a matter of fact, they
usually behave much more prudently."

"That's rarely a virtue on their part," said Helen.  "It should be
laid to their immaturity or to improper bringing-up."

"There you go!" exclaimed Menelaus.  "How are you expecting to make
a sane person believe that prudent behaviour is the result of a bad

"They shouldn't be prudent so young," said Helen, "it's a bad sign.
It's beginning at the wrong end.  Youth should begin by loving
life.  Prudence is a form of caution, it's a control of your
impulses--but you must have the impulses before you can control
them.  Or it's a kind of foresight--but how can you have foresight
until you have accumulated some knowledge of the world?  And how
can you accumulate experience if you begin by avoiding it?  When
they're young they can have nothing better in them than the love of
life.  Now, that's just what they haven't, and their prudence is
therefore an empty thing, in my opinion."

"From what I've heard of the young people," said Menelaus, "they've
about all the love of life we can stand.  Eteoneus thinks so of
Hermione and Orestes, and I dare say he's right."

"Since when have you gone to your gate-keeper for your philosophy,
Menelaus?  Eteoneus is a faithful drudge, I have always thought--
and a very ignorant man.  He knows as much of life as one can
contemplate from a door-mat.  I feel you are trifling with me.
Won't you be serious?"

"I am serious.  I can be more so, if you really wish it.  But
before we begin, may I say I didn't go to Eteoneus for anything--he
came to me.  He sometimes leaves the door-mat to seek a moment of
my society, and though he's not the companion of my choice, he's
far from being a fool.  But seriously--as you put it--since you
won't leave me in peace, what's all this about Hermione's bad
upbringing, and the love of life she hasn't got, and the husband
she ought to have?  I'm distracted this morning, Helen, over the
news of Agamemnon, and other matters seem less important than
perhaps they are.  What do you want?"

"I want your attention," said Helen, "and if I can't have it now,
I'll wait.  But Hermione is in a danger, I think, from which we
could save her if we planned quickly, and since I fear she got into
this peril through my leaving her, I'll run no risk of not saving
her now.  If we don't prevent it, she'll marry Orestes, and that
marriage, I'm sure, will bring her nothing but misery.  She's seen
no other man of her age but Orestes and Damastor--Charitas's boy.
By contrast Orestes must seem a god.  It's usually by contrast.
Some day she'll meet a real man, and be sorry she married

"Upon my word!" said Menelaus.  "Upon--my--word!"

"What she needs is experience--experience," Helen went on, "and as
quickly as possible!"

"Oh, that's what she needs, is it?" said Menelaus.  "Well, perhaps
I can arrange for some one to elope with her without marrying her,
and after a while she'll be able to pick the kind of husband she
won't want to run away from.  Let's consider it settled.  Have you
any one in mind for the trial flight?"

"You're not serious now, of course," said Helen.  "But do you know,
that wouldn't be a bad idea, if it could be carried out.  It can't,
I suppose, and it does go rather beyond what I thought of.
Besides, it wouldn't do any good, she wouldn't learn anything,
unless there were somebody she wanted to elope with, and I don't
think there is."

"On the whole, isn't that a weight off your mind?" said Menelaus.
"The way you talked, I thought she was eloping this afternoon.  My
own idea of Hermione is that she's steady and sensible and
trustworthy.  She's a great comfort to me.  Why don't you let her
live her life, as you've lived yours?"

"Menelaus, can't you, can't you see?  That's precisely what I want
for her, but it's what she'll never do.  If Hermione had my
temperament, I shouldn't worry about her; I'd be sure she would
live her own life, as you say, and whether or not she made
mistakes, she wouldn't miss anything.  But she's full of
convictions and prejudices--what the world expects of her, as
though the world cared--what she owes to herself, as though life
were collecting a debt--and how much does she know about the world,
or about herself?  All her ideas are shallow and sentimental,
purely formal; she has picked a scheme of things out of this little
neighbourhood, and she thinks she knows the universe.  Poor child!
Her heart is asleep.  When she wakes up some day she may be
terrible.  Clytemnestra as a girl was just that way--positive,
silly and sentimental.  She married Agamemnon largely because you
married me; the double alliance seemed to her romantic.  I'm sure
Hermione thinks there's something touching and pretty in marrying
her cousin and keeping the family together.  I don't call her
prudent--she is blind.  If she weren't so like her aunt, I
shouldn't worry.  A girl without any latent force of character
might as well marry now as she wishes, find out her mistake at
leisure, and take refuge in a comfortable, self-stifling career,
like Charitas; the world's full of them, and at least they're safe.
But if I know my child she'll find out her mistake by discovering a
great passion, and she won't know what to do with it--she'll simply
be violent.  It's bad for that type when the love of life gets hold
of them and they think it's too late."

"I'm not sure I understand what the love of life is," said
Menelaus.  "It's a phrase you often use, and like other phrases of
yours it has a critical edge which seems to cut my way.  I fancy
you refer to something you think is lacking in me.  Yet I really
believe I love life as much as I ought to; I've never wanted to
die.  I've loved my people, and my home.  I've loved you, Helen, in
my poor way, for some time.  I'm very fond of Hermione.  Is there
anything I've overlooked?"

"In your own way you have loved me, I think," said Helen.  "We'll
agree it's more than I deserved.  But I don't thank you for it,
Menelaus.  Love is something that happens to us, we can't help
ourselves, and the real passion isn't a compliment or a gift, and
it isn't a sign of generosity in the lover.  Your kindness and your
patience when you haven't understood me--that's what I can thank
you for.  We're not farther apart than most husbands and wives, I
dare say, and when we get to the end of our days we'll remember
chiefly how long we have been companions.  But, oh, Menelaus, I
wanted Hermione to know the real thing!  To have the passion and
the heart-ache when she is young, when her body and her mind are
undulled, when the ecstasy is in the senses and yet seems to be in
the soul!  And then, when the body flags and grows old, to find the
ecstasy indeed in the spirit after all, their two souls melted in
that fiery happiness!  Or if she missed that joy, at least to come
so near it that she'd know it could be, and she'd always think of
it with yearning and measure life by it.  It must happen to some
people, Menelaus, and I wanted it for her.  Those who have it never
grow old, I think, never lose courage, nor lose interest; they may
suffer, but their world remains beautiful.  They can let their
heart go--it won't be chilled or dwarfed or warped."

"You are frank," said Menelaus.  "I'm glad you told me--I suppose
I'm glad.  I suspect it's not the younger generation you are
talking of.  Well!  So that's what you mean by love of life?"

"No, that is love," said Helen.

"Since we're on the subject, I might as well hear the rest of it,"
said Menelaus.  "Can you give me a brief definition of whatever it
is the young people lack?"

"I meant simply, they don't love life as they should," said Helen.
"We usually pretend they do, because it would seem natural to
delight in the world before us when we are young.  But they take it
very cautiously and seriously; haven't you noticed they see its
faults first of all, and are highly critical?  Love of life doesn't
just happen to us, like that other love--I suppose it's an art, to
be learned by practice, after a great deal of time.  When we have
learned it at last, we have probably ceased to be young.  Perhaps
these children can't be expected to love what they know so little
about.  They are afraid of life, afraid they won't succeed, or
won't get married, or something.  When their fears are removed they
are so relieved that they settle down and never take a risk again.
That's the only way I can explain most of the people I've met."

"But why do you explain Hermione that way?  So far as I can see
she'll love life if she gets a chance; till now, you'll admit,
she's had more to worry about than young people ought to have.
Even at that, though I don't pretend to be a judge of these things,
I've thought she was getting on pretty well.  If she isn't,
probably Orestes will teach her--I understand he's an enterprising
young man, with the modern ideas."

"Oh, Menelaus, you don't get the point at all!  Orestes is
incurably serious and dangerously resolute, with no experience,
with no gift for living, with absolutely no sense of humour.  Every
one says that of him.  Perhaps you think it a favourable report.
He's the kind of young person who sees the flaws in life before he
sees life, and is too conscientious not to remedy at once every
flaw he sees.  He will do his duty at any cost to others; he'll
carry out what he thinks is the will of heaven even if he has to
kill somebody.  Of course he would commit the murder with the
finest feelings, very reluctantly.  I know that type.  He's not the
man to teach Hermione--he's unteachable himself.  Can't you imagine
what a wretched time he's going to have--and any woman who marries
him?  Menelaus, do help me to save Hermione!"

"It's too bad we can't point to a shining example in the
neighbourhood for her guidance--unless she could be persuaded to
copy your career."

"No, I don't want her to copy my career," said Helen.  "I want her
to have a far more brilliant one, a happier one, with more love in
it.  She doesn't admire me, and I don't blame her.  I wish she had
more of Adraste's temperament.  There's a child who has the love of
life.  I've trained her carefully."

"God help her!" said Menelaus.  "From my point of view she's more
likely than Hermione to get into trouble."

"I should say the danger is about equal, though for different
reasons.  That silly Charitas boy is besieging her, and in an
underhand way.  He tells his mother it's Hermione he's in love
with.  I fear Adraste takes him too seriously."

"Once in a while," said Menelaus, "your vein of thought escapes me
entirely.  You don't want Hermione to fall in love, because she
hasn't the love of life.  You don't want Adraste to fall in love,
because she has.  Isn't anybody to fall in love?"

"For a woman," said Helen, "falling in love means falling in love
with a man.  As usual, you overlook the central part of the
problem.  Certainly I don't want either of these girls to give
herself to an unpromising man.  Orestes and Damastor are not much
alike, except that they are both impossible.  Orestes has no love
of life--Adraste would see through him in a minute.  Damastor
pretends to have a love of life, but at bottom he's the coward his
mother has made him.  I hope Adraste will find him out in time.  I
wish Pyrrhus were here."

"Pyrrhus--Achilles' son?"


"What do you want with Pyrrhus?"

"I'd like him for a son-in-law," said Helen.

"Now the cat's out of the bag!" said Menelaus.  "But would Hermione
like him for a husband?  I suppose we'll leave her some privilege
of choice?  She's a grown woman, and she never saw Pyrrhus in her

"Ah, but there's always a danger she may see him, any time.  Better
to see him now, before it's too late.  He has it in him--all I've
been speaking of, and when Hermione sees him, she'll recognise it
without being told.  Unless she's past saving, she'll lose her
heart to him."

"I've seen him often," said Menelaus, "and I didn't lose my heart.
There's nothing wonderful about Pyrrhus."

"Oh, there isn't?" said Helen.  "I really thought there was.  I
understood that you and Agamemnon had to ask his help after his
father died.  Perhaps there was nothing wonderful about Achilles,
either.  We needn't argue about terms.  Pyrrhus is the kind of
miracle I want for Hermione.  When I think of a passionate
excellence, of a soul alive, I think of that young man.  For a good
reason, too--he was the child of a great love."

"A love-child, you mean," said Menelaus.  "Something shady, as
you'd expect of Achilles.  His birth was a scandal."

"It was not!"

"It certainly was!"

"It certainly wasn't!"

"Oh, very well!  I dare say it looks quite edifying to you.  He
masqueraded as a girl, and so got into Lycomedes' house, to be a
companion to the old man's daughters.  One of them soon found
herself the mother of Pyrrhus.  By all means, let's introduce him
to Hermione as soon as we can!"

"You're not fair, Menelaus!  It was his own mother who tried to
bring up Achilles as a girl, because she knew he would die in
battle, and she hoped desperately to cheat fate.  I don't admire
her strategy, but any one could understand it.  Achilles didn't
masquerade a moment after he was old enough to realise the trick.
He never did an underhand thing.  Deidamia wasn't deceived or

"She certainly wasn't," said Menelaus, "but her parents were.
Those two famous young people were a wicked pair."

"You have a base heart to say so--you know better!" said Helen.
"They grew up boy and girl together, closer in their childhood than
brother and sister; when the time for love came, and the mystery
enveloped them, they drew into each other's arms as beautifully as
their hearts and their dreams had already drawn together.  Achilles
loved her till he died.  He left her only because you asked him to
fight for you and Agamemnon.  He left her with her father
Lycomedes, who held him always in honour.  She taught the little
boy to revere his absent father as a god, Achilles loved news of
his child.  I don't see the trail of shame there.  I see rather the
heroic youth who chose to live a short time gloriously, rather than
last out the usual prudent and meaningless years.  I see the lover
who, really knowing his mate, took her, and was utterly happy
himself, as he made her happy.  If the child they begot isn't a
miracle, he's nearly so--their love was miraculously perfect."

"It's my turn to say something now.  Talk all you want about the
love of life," said Menelaus, "and define it so as to prove I
haven't any.  But when it comes to Achilles, I knew him better than
you did.  At least, that's my conviction.  I've never believed the
story the army used to whisper, that you and he met in secret
during the siege."

"I never met him in my life," said Helen.

"I'm sure you didn't," said Menelaus.

"But I would have met him if it had been possible," said Helen.

"I'm sure of that too," said Menelaus.  "But if you had known him
you wouldn't praise him so extravagantly.  Achilles was a legend.
He bolstered up the army, and in that sense was necessary, but only
for the psychological effect.  The Achilles you think you know was
a myth.  Loved Deidamia all his life, did he?  Why, our whole
quarrel was over that woman of his, Briseis!"

"To be sure--or you might say it was over Agamemnon's woman,
Chryseis," said Helen.  "The quarrel was over the spoils, and women
figured in it, but neither was in love with his captive.  You know
very well Achilles, at least, had nothing to do with Briseis.  His
honour, not his heart, was offended when your brother took her
away.  She loved Achilles, of course--that was inevitable."

"We're not likely to agree," said Menelaus, "and it's ancient
history now.  In any case, even if Achilles had all the virtues,
why this enthusiasm over Pyrrhus?  You can't marry Hermione to
Achilles, and very probably Pyrrhus will resist your kind intention
to marry her to him.  He may not like us any more than I like his
family.  Before you pin too many hopes to him, you should consider
that he isn't his father."

"I consider that he's the next best," said Helen.  "With experience
perhaps he'll be even more remarkable.  He showed the same high
spirit when Odysseus came to fetch him for you, and his mother
wouldn't let him go, to die like his father.  You remember how the
boy insisted on his right to live out his fate, thinking that to be
safe in those circumstances, when you needed him, was to be
disgraced.  His old grandfather was proud enough of him, and sent
him off with a blessing.  You'll not deny that he finished the war
for you, and went home with a great reputation.  If he didn't earn
it, how did he get it?  If you and Agamemnon hadn't thought well of
what he did, you wouldn't have given him, among his other prizes,
Andromache, Hector's wife.  I want Hermione to know Pyrrhus.  At
least to talk with such a man, to meet him familiarly in the house
for a few days, and see for herself.  After that, let her make her
choice.  You're quite right--he may not care for her, but after his
visit she won't be so ignorant.  Ask Pyrrhus to come here, Menelaus--
do ask him to come at once!"

"Certainly not!" said Menelaus.  "He and I don't sleep under the
same roof!"

"Why not, pray?"

"I won't have him in the house, that's why not.  I wonder I put up
with you--you--!  I can't excuse myself for listening to your
impudence--telling me--YOU telling ME--what your ideas are of a
satisfactory love and a happy home!  So far your good looks have
got you out of what you deserved--may the gods forgive themselves
for that!--but it won't be your fault if you don't go too far, even
yet.  You haven't the first instincts of a decent woman!  You took
me in at the beginning--this morning, I mean--with your solicitude
for your child's future.  Much you care for your child's future!
Sooner or later you give yourself away--it's your love affairs, not
Hermione's, we're to plan for!  Any man, old or young, mean or
noble, any at all, when the mood comes on you to make a fool of
him!  You loved Achilles, and still do, dead or alive, so I'm to
invite his son here as the next best!  For Hermione to see!  Much
chance she'd have of seeing him!  Paris--Hector--Achilles--I won't
mention the years, but can't you consider you've had your day?  And
quite a day!  Measure in all things; do confine your disgrace to
one generation!"

"Menelaus," said Helen, "your bad manners when you lose your temper
are nothing new, but I had no idea you were so jealous.  Jealousy
is the one form of insanity which is dishonest.  It begins in a
wilful perversion of the facts.  If I had ever given you any cause
for jealousy, and if you had ever thought well of me, you would
have grieved over your generous but unintelligent mistake; you
wouldn't have cursed me for being myself, therefore sufficiently
cursed already.  If you thought me in love with Pyrrhus, you
wouldn't be content to live with me, you wouldn't be at peace, just
to know that Pyrrhus was out of my reach; you couldn't bear to live
with me, if you thought me what you just said.  You reminded me of
our years.  It's too late, therefore, to improve your manners.  But
I detest lying, at any age.  Try to be honest with yourself,
Menelaus, and try to be as frank with me as I am with you.  I will
take no insults from you--and you may understand that nothing true
is to me insulting.  The details of my life are well known--largely
through my own efforts to disguise nothing.  Your career, I regret
to say, is more obscure.  But for this once we are going to
understand each other completely and equally.  Do you wish me to
stay here as your wife, honoured and respected?  There's no
question of other men for the moment--this is between you and me.
Do you want me?  Or do you wish to kill me?  If you really have no
use for me, I won't stay a day longer.  If you'd feel better to
kill me, I'll gladly go and bring your heroic sword.  You left it
in the dining-room, I think.  But it's one or the other.  Which do
you want?"

"I merely said I wouldn't have Pyrrhus--"

"Which do you want, Menelaus?"

"Which what?"

"It's no use, Menelaus, you'll have to answer me.  I left this
house once, and I can do it again.  If I leave it this time at your
own request, you can't bring me back.  I'll stay on the one
condition, that you insult me no more.  Do you wish me to stay?"

"The question is rather complex," said Menelaus.  "May I think it

"It is complex," said Helen, "but it will be worse if you think it
over.  It's best to make one simple decision and be done with it."

"If you go now," said Menelaus.

"Or if you kill me," said Helen.

"It would be very difficult," said Menelaus, "to explain it to
people.  It would seem to indicate a certain indecision."

"Oh, you could explain it easily enough," said Helen.  "Tell them
the truth.  Truth conquers all things--or is it love?  Truth to be
equally impressive.  Tell them that I loved Paris and ran off with
him--deserted you--spent years in his arms--and you forgave me and
took me back.  Then tell them that afterwards you knew I admired
Achilles, who was dead, and whom I had never seen--so of course you
had to put me out or kill me, to take the stain off your honour.
They'll understand you."

"I doubt if they will," said Menelaus.  "Paris would, or any one
else who had intimate experience of your gift for putting a man in
the wrong, but most people, I dare say, will always think you're as
easy to live with as you look.  I'd rather put the question to you.
Stay if you like, or go.  If you stay, and if you won't irritate me
too much, I'll try not to say what I think."

"That won't do," said Helen, "you mustn't think it."

"I'll try," said Menelaus, "I can't do more."

"I don't want any more," said Helen.  "I've learned to be
reasonable.  Now let me be quite clear about the other men.  I
loved Paris.  That's always been understood.  I respected--even
revered--Hector, but I couldn't love him.  He was the finest
example I shall ever meet of a temperament I don't like.  He wasn't
a joyous person--wasn't even before the war.  That love of life we
were talking of--he hadn't a bit of it.  Anything gloomy looked to
him like duty.  He worried over any trouble he escaped.  Of course
he enjoyed life more than he liked to confess.  He'd say that war
was tragic, and no good would come of it, and in the same breath
he'd pray that his little boy might grow up to be a more famous
fighter than himself.  As for Achilles--don't get excited now--if I
had known him, I'm sure I should have loved him, him only, forever.
We must love the best--there's no sin in love like failing to love
the best--and he was the greatest of you all.  Had he been one of
my suitors, and had I known enough of life then, I should have
taken him.  It's not your fault nor mine, and you will be just
enough to admit that I think of him only what the world thinks.  I
hope you will do me the justice also to recognise that I want his
son, not for myself, but for my daughter."

"Will you do me the justice," said Menelaus, "to remember that I
too may have ideas of life and love?  That I too, though less
remarkable than Achilles and you, have a part in the world,
important at least to me?  When people marry, and one of them is
exceptionally brilliant, it's enough to ask of the obscure husband
that he be proud of his wife, helpful to her career, and loyally
keep in the background.  He deserves some reward, I think."

"He does," said Helen, "and he's practically certain to get the
reward he deserves.  He'll lose his wife.  Poor thing, she thought
she was marrying a man, a great man, some one to be her mate, not
her slave.  She probably has exaggerated his merits, as he has
hers, but she'll make believe he has them, as long as she can.
When he begins to insist that he's nobody, in comparison with her,
it's all over."

"What is?" said Menelaus.

"Their life together," said Helen.

"But suppose, speaking in the abstract," said Menelaus, "suppose
the deserted husband went after her and brought her back; that
would be an improvement, wouldn't it?  She'd begin to think more of
him, wouldn't she?"

"In the abstract, yes," said Helen--"especially if he were able to
manage it all single-handed."

"My word!" said Menelaus.

"And you'll ask Pyrrhus to come at once?" said Helen.

"Not at once nor later!" said Menelaus.

"It's at once we need him," said Helen.

"He'll never set foot in my house!" said Menelaus.

"The details can be arranged at any time," said Helen.  "The
important thing is to get him here soon."


"Hermione, my child, come here," said Menelaus.  "I must ask you a
question.  Sit down.  Have you the love of life?"

"What's that?" said Hermione.

"Don't ask me hard questions--answer mine," said her father.  "Do
you love life?"

"Oh, yes indeed!" said Hermione.

"Very well, then, do you love it enough?"

"How should I know?  What is enough?"

"We will now apply the test," said Menelaus.  "Do you earnestly
desire to marry Orestes?"

"Yes, I do," said Hermione.

"That answers it.  You haven't the love of life."

"I don't see how that proves it," said Hermione.

"Nor I," said Menelaus, "but it proves it to your mother, who knows
more than we do about such matters.  I hope you will conduct
yourself accordingly."

"Father, I wish you wouldn't tease me about what I consider--any
one would consider--a serious thing!"

"Just to what do you refer?" said Menelaus.

"To marriage, of course!"

"That is serious," said her father, "but I hadn't got to that yet.
I was finding out whether you had the love of life, because if you
have it, you may marry any time, even if it's the wrong man, but if
you haven't, you must postpone the wedding, even if it's the right

"I wish you'd tell me what you are talking about," said Hermione.

"All in good season," said Menelaus.  "I must first ask you another
question or two.  Is there any one you would like to elope with?"

"I don't want to elope!  I want to marry Orestes."

"Hasty again," said Menelaus.  "You should elope first.  Your
mother says you should, though she fears you won't."

"My mother wants me to elope?" said Hermione.  "Why?"

"I believe the idea is that sooner or later one elopes, and your
mother, having tried it later, thinks it had better be sooner.
Enough of that.  Would you like to see Pyrrhus for a few days?"

"Who's Pyrrhus?"

"You know--Achilles' son."

"Why should I want to see him for a few days?"

"It would be good for you--for your acquaintance with the world at
large.  Pyrrhus is the cure for your sheltered life.  If our high
opinion of you is justified, you would fall in love with him."

"I'm already in love with Orestes, father!"

"Then you might elope with Pyrrhus, discover your mistake, and
marry Orestes afterwards."

"I don't think this is funny," said Hermione.  "I'm rather hurt.
May I go?"

"No, daughter, you mayn't.  Come back here and sit down again.
Help me to collect my wits.  I've been talking with your mother
about you and Orestes, and I'm rather worried.  She fears he isn't
the right one for you, after all, and I dare say we ought to think
the matter over.  Your mother's ideas she'll probably lay before
you herself; I've merely sketched them in outline.  For myself, I
approve of Orestes, and you and I understand each other well enough
to discuss him without reserve, and I hope, without excitement.
Tell me what sort of a man he's grown to be."

"He's rather tall--really very good-looking," said Hermione, "and
he has a winning personality.  I don't think it's my partiality--
I'm sure you'll like him."

"Of course," said Menelaus.  "Leave his charms and come to his
virtues.  What sort of temperament has he--character, and all

"He's very thoughtful," said Hermione, "if anything, a bit too
serious, but it's what you'd call a good fault.  He's much more
introspective than you'd expect a young man to be, and he has a
profound sense of duty.  I feel quite frivolous when I'm with him.
He's much too good for me."

"I doubt that last statement," said Menelaus.  "See here, Hermione,
that account of him is all very well for me, but don't give it to
your mother.  You'd better describe his wilder side when you talk
to her--his faults.  What are some of his worst?"

"He hasn't--well, I won't say he hasn't any, since every human
being has some, but he's so kind and considerate to me, so devoted
to his parents, so careful to guard my reputation and his own, that
I don't see where you could find a bad fault in him."

"He's clearly a remarkable youth," said Menelaus, "but I can tell
you now, your mother will never approve of him.  You must choose
eventually between your mother and Orestes."

"I choose Orestes now," said Hermione.

"I'll stand by you," said Menelaus, "but I'm not sure your mother
won't have her way.  Did I understand that he's devoted to his

"He worships his father," said Hermione.

"How does he feel about his mother?"

"You've heard about it, then," said Hermione.  "I didn't know the
story had got about, and I preferred not to be the first to tell
it.  Of course he grieves over his mother's conduct, but she is his
mother, after all, and Agamemnon hasn't treated her too well.
Orestes is terribly unhappy.  I've advised him at every stage--he
has no one else to consult."

"What's the matter with his sister--what's her name--Electra?"
asked Menelaus.

"He can't see her," said Hermione.  "She's at home, in a very
dangerous position, hoping to warn her father, or help him, when he
gets back.  She hurried Orestes out of the way as soon as gisthus
became the head of the house; she said gisthus wouldn't let him
grow up to take revenge.  That's why he's leading such an unsettled
life; he's hiding, yet watching for the moment his father will
return and need him."

"How long has all this been going on, Hermione?"

"Oh, several years.  Just when Clytemnestra began to care for
gisthus, nobody knows, of course, but they've been talked of for a
long time, and about three years ago, I should say, she introduced
him to every one as her true husband.  That's when he openly took
possession of Agamemnon's property, and Electra got Orestes safely
out of the way.  He came and asked me what to do.  Our old gate-
keeper wouldn't let him in."

"I understand that the visit, and other visits, took place,
nevertheless," said Menelaus.  "Eteoneus regrets the unpleasantness.
But I ought to tell you, if you don't know it, that Orestes didn't
make a good impression on the gate-keeper.  In fact, your cousin
isn't popular here.  How do you explain it?  You don't want to
marry a man who can't get on with people.  When your mother
criticised him I stood up for him, naturally; she's no judge of
men.  But I had in mind all the while the opinion of Eteoneus, and
the old fellow is rather shrewd.  Understand me, Hermione, I'm not
against Orestes, but you ought to look at the thing from every
point of view."

"The trouble with Eteoneus, father, is his age.  He thinks he can
settle the affairs of the universe, and he has seen no more of the
world than has come through your door.  He lives on gossip--he was
whispering about Clytemnestra before Orestes told me a word about
it.  How can he take the point of view of young people brought up
as Orestes and I have been?"

"I wish you would tell me how you've been brought up," said
Menelaus; "it might perhaps reassure your mother."

"I mean, we've been thrown on our own resources, and we know our
own minds.  It's too late in the day to lead us by the hand.  Our
elders have made a mess of things; we're the true conservatives.
How could Eteoneus, with his head full of etiquette, lighten the
burden Orestes is carrying?"

"There's something in that," said Menelaus, "but you haven't
answered the whole question.  Even if we grant that Orestes is in
trouble not of his making, and that he knows his own mind, he still
may be the wrong husband for you.  How's it all going to come out?
How am I to arrange the wedding for you?  I can't have anything to
do with gisthus, and I wouldn't be found in the same town with
Clytemnestra.  We'll have to wait till Agamemnon comes home and
puts his house in order; then we can see what's left.  In the
meantime, hadn't you better postpone making up your mind about
Orestes?  Oh, yes, I know, you're in love with him--no objection to
that--but don't do anything hasty.  I don't let Helen's prejudices
influence me, but the more I think of Orestes, the more I wish he
belonged to another family.  You must be happy, if your mother and
I can assure it.  And I'll confess I'd like to recover thoroughly
before we take on another quarrel."

"See here, father, how did you and mother come to have this
obsession about marrying me off?  In the five years before you two
got back, I hadn't thought so much about marriage as you've made me
think in the last few days.  My mind was on you and her, and on
your troubles and I was concerned for the family reputation; I had
Orestes and his difficulties to worry over, and what sort of advice
I ought to give him.  Really, I haven't thought of myself at all.
In a general way I knew I should marry Orestes, sometime in the
future, when all these other things were completely straightened
out; meanwhile he was my best friend, my one companion.  We are
made for each other, I believe.  When mother asked me if I loved
him, I said yes, and I told her I expected to marry him.  It made
me feel rather brazen to say it right out, but she was insistent.
I felt in my bones she wouldn't approve of him; of course, he
entirely disapproves of her.  But I certainly was surprised when
she scolded me for not telling her more bluntly what my plans were.
Have you heard her talk on the virtue of being perfectly frank?
But I must say, father, you are now almost as difficult as she; you
ask me whether I have the love of life, and other facetious
questions, and then you abruptly turn serious and advise me to
think it over and not marry Orestes in haste.  What made you think
I was going to marry him in haste?  Won't you tell me frankly, as
mother would say, what you really want of me?  Don't you wish me to
marry any one at all?  Very well, I won't, if you need me at home.
I dare say Orestes won't be able to think of matrimony for some
time.  Or are you hard on Orestes just because his parents aren't
happy together?  I naturally can't see any justice in that

"To tell you the truth," said Menelaus, "I hadn't thought much
myself about your marrying--perhaps not nearly enough--until Helen
talked to me about it; we expected you to marry Orestes sooner or
later, but meanwhile I was glad of you here--your being in the
house makes it very pleasant for me.  On the other hand, I dare say
you are old enough to have a home of your own and lead your own
life; it's easy for your mother and me to forget where the years
have gone, and to think you still a child.  So I certainly do want
you to marry.  I haven't a thing against Orestes--nothing whatever,
and strictly speaking I don't blame him for his parents.  But
Clytemnestra does spoil it all for me, I must say.  I wish you
could find a safe young man whose mother isn't too good-looking."

"It's no use, father, I simply won't marry Damastor!"

"Well, who wants you to?"

"Mother suggested it, and I gather from your last words that you

"Your mother wants you to marry Damastor?"

"Now, I won't say that, father--she suggested him, and said I might
do worse, but I doubt if she likes him, and I thought her tone
rather satiric.  I don't know mother well enough to get all her

"I don't either," said Menelaus, "but of one meaning I'm sure--it
isn't Damastor she means you to marry!"

"Who, then?"

"She'll tell you in her own way.  Remember to be completely
surprised when she comes out with it.  But just to provide against
a shock, I'll drop the hint now--she intends to marry you to

"But I don't know the man!  I don't want him!  He probably doesn't
want me!"

"It's curious," said Menelaus, "but those very ideas occurred to me
when she proposed it."

"Then why does she persist in so crazy a scheme?"

"Better ask why she schemes at all," said Menelaus.  "I rather
think your mother is getting old.  She doesn't look it, I'll admit,
but she's in her forties and been through a great deal.  All this
talk about the love of life's a bad sign.  The same way with this
match-making.  You'd think marriage would be an exhausted adventure
for her.  It is; that's why she begins to arrange marriages for
others.  When we are finished playing leading parts ourselves, we
try to play God and control the new actors.  It's a gesture of

"Is Pyrrhus good-looking?" asked Hermione.

"Very," said Menelaus.

"I wouldn't be too sure about the gesture of farewell," said
Hermione.  "If mother happened to like him, I should say her youth
is not beyond recovery."

"You've thought of that too?"

"What too, father?"

"I mean, you think she may be in love with Pyrrhus?"

"Oh, I know only what you've told me, but I don't agree that mother
is growing old.  Quite the reverse.  She's so--what shall I call
it?--she's so vital, she makes me feel, after a talk with her, as
though I had been keeping up with some one who had wings."

"I won't have Pyrrhus here, that's all there is to it," said
Menelaus.  "Later it may be safe, but as you say--"

"That's not what I meant, exactly," said Hermione.  "She's a
difficult person to talk about accurately.  About my marriage, now,
I really think she's very serious.  I really believe she's sincere.
But she can't possibly suspect the effect she has on some people.
I suppose I've seen her weaknesses too clearly to come under the
spell, but on the other hand I'm glad I can feel her earnestness.
In fact, mother's too earnest.  The whole trouble is her lack of
humour.  You have it, and thank heaven I've inherited a little, but
she hasn't any."

"Isn't that good!" said Menelaus.  "I wish I'd thought of that when
she was having it out with the younger generation.  Hermione,
that's the absolute truth--she's terribly in earnest, and since she
has no sense of humour, she's always liable to be earnest in the
wrong direction."

"And she's so energetic," said Hermione.  "If she got me once
married, I wonder what she'd give her attention to next.  I don't
see how a person who looks so serene, even placid at times, can be
such a miracle of energy.  This frankness she's always talking of
is just an excuse to start something.  I begin to understand now
what the old stories mean when they speak of a devastating beauty."

"Yes, that's your mother," said Menelaus.  "I suppose it's a gift.
I dare say I waste time blaming her for it."

"But at least she ought to know herself better by this time," said
Hermione.  "She ought to make allowance for the way the susceptible
will admire her and imitate her.  When you've conceded all you can,
you can't excuse her entirely for misleading the innocent and the

"Oh, come, that's a trifle strong," said Menelaus.  "She doesn't
mislead you, who I suppose are innocent, and no one who knows her
seems to be unsuspecting.  Every one, from the family gate-keeper
to the neighbouring gossips, seems to hope for the worst.  Besides,
the curious thing is she has had her triumphs most often with the
sophisticated.  At least they've been married.  Paris wasn't
innocent nor unsuspecting."

"I was thinking of Adraste, that girl she's so fond of," said
Hermione.  "I don't care for the type, but she certainly is devoted
to my mother, and I rather think she'll imitate all her faults."

"What is Adraste's type?" said Menelaus.  "Every once in a while
you talk like your mother--you refer to some private notion of your
own as though it were an axiom any but a fool would know.  I don't
know what types there are, nor which one is Adraste."

"Oh, she has what mother would call the love of life, I suppose,"
said Hermione.  "In plain words, she seems to me--it isn't a nice
thing to say of a girl, but I think she is rather passionate.  You
know what I mean--the unpleasant sense.  If there were a man about
and she were in love with him, I dare say she'd say yes after
almost no courtship at all."

"Any man?" asked Menelaus.  "Or is there a particular one?"

"Any one would do, I think," said Hermione.  "Please understand I'm
not saying anything against her.  In fact I don't blame her--it's
all mother's fault.  If mother had taught her to control herself,
to wait properly for love to come into one's life, not to be
violent and unmaidenly!  But from some remarks Adraste has dropped
in my presence, I fancy she thinks romance justifies anything, and
of course I couldn't argue with her--mother's example and all."

"Your own relation to Orestes has been a little informal, hasn't
it?" said Menelaus.

"That's different," said Hermione.  "Our relation has been
exceptional, but proper throughout.  I hardly feel that we had any
courtship, we passed so quickly to exchanging advice about the
family difficulties.  You've no idea how admirable Orestes is; I
shall always be glad I knew him first in emergencies--he's at his
best under a strain.  Of course, we've seen each other alone, when
Eteoneus didn't know, but you were away, and we thought of
ourselves as always destined for each other."

"You'll have to remind your mother about the destiny," said
Menelaus.  "Meanwhile--coming back to Adraste--I'm glad there's no
man about just now, unless you count Damastor.  Helen thinks he may
be making love to Adraste."

"Nonsense!" said Hermione, "his mother has told me several times
he's fond of me--rather foolish of him, you might say, but it
indicates, at least, the type he admires.  He's been carefully
trained, and besides, he's only a boy.  I doubt if he would marry
out of his tradition, and even if he thought of it, he hasn't
enough force of character yet to make love to Adraste, and face his
mother.  The sort of man I meant was Pyrrhus, perhaps; you might
send for him after all, and marry him to Adraste.  Then mother
would have him in the family circle, as she desires, and I could
take Orestes in peace."

"I won't have Pyrrhus," said Menelaus.  "I'll tell her that again
the moment I see her."

"Tell her now," said Hermione; "here she comes!"


"Helen," said Menelaus, "I tell you again, I won't have Pyrrhus

"I'm glad you mentioned Pyrrhus," said Helen; "I want to talk to
Hermione about him, and it saves time to come straight to the

"Then let me tell you at once, mother," said Hermione, "I won't
marry Pyrrhus--nor Damastor."

"Damastor?  Heaven forbid!" said Helen.

"Didn't you ask her to marry him?" said Menelaus.  "She understands
that you did."

"Never in the world," said Helen.  "I told her that Charitas said
he was in love with her, and I remarked that she might do worse
than take him.  That's true, she might.  But I want her to do
better rather than worse.  At the moment I was finding out whether
Damastor had been paying his addresses to Hermione, as Charitas
supposed.  I learned what I suspected, that the boy was deceiving
his mother.  I have very little use for Damastor, as for Pyrrhus, I
have not asked Hermione to marry him, and never shall.  She may
marry whom she chooses.  She will, anyway.  Indeed, I've never
mentioned him to her, but I was about to tell her she ought to make
his acquaintance before she chooses finally.  You've been reporting
our conversation, have you?"

"Yes," said Menelaus.  "I told her you wanted Pyrrhus for a son-in-
law, and you suggested having him here for a visit."

"No doubt the report had a good deal of your point of view in it,"
said Helen.  "It's a familiar form of cooperation.  Well, what do
you think of the idea, Hermione?"

"Hermione agrees with me," said Menelaus, "that it's not safe to
ask Pyrrhus here."

"Not safe?" said Helen.  "Who's going to hurt him?  Guests are
always safe."

"But the host isn't, nowadays," said Menelaus.  "We've made up our
minds to practice some of your frankness.  Hermione thinks with me
that she and I wouldn't get much out of a visit from Pyrrhus.  With
you here, she wouldn't see much of him.  He'd be charmed, of course--
so deeply enchanted that he mightn't notice there was such a
person as your daughter--or your husband.  It won't do, Helen."

"Mother, that isn't quite what I said.  I--"

"I'm sure it isn't, daughter," said Helen.  "Go on, Menelaus."

"There's nothing more," said Menelaus.

"There must be," said Helen.  "No man can speak so to his wife, and
before his daughter, without a great deal more.  This is the way
you insulted me the last time we discussed this subject.  I told
you then I would not stay with you if you repeated the offence.
Now I shall go.  I'm sorry, Hermione, to have you a witness of such
unhappy clashes between your parents, but since your father is
determined to have it so, perhaps it's as well you should know this
episode at first hand.  I asked your father to invite Pyrrhus here
so that you might have a wider experience of society before you
finally chose your husband.  Your father accused me of having been
in love with Achilles.  I reminded Menelaus that I had never seen
Achilles, who now is in his grave, but I said I surely would have
loved him had I met him, for he was the greatest man of his time,
and the most winning.  We needs must love the highest when we see
it, and if we don't wish to love it, we had better not see it.
Pyrrhus is like his father, in my opinion; so far as I know, he's
the finest man now in the world.  Perhaps it would be kindness to
you not to bring him here, if only we could be sure you never would
see him, by chance, elsewhere; for you and Orestes are apparently
content with each other.  But some day you will see Pyrrhus, almost
certainly, and what then, if you are bound already to another man?
I wanted to say this to you, from my heart, and urge you to welcome
Pyrrhus on this visit.  I was going to add that though I think him
superior to Orestes, I haven't seen Orestes, and I may be wrong.
When you have met Pyrrhus you may think him less charming than I
do.  Whether the difference is the fault of my taste or the fault
of yours, the incident in any event will be closed.  After that,
choose whom you like.  But, Hermione, don't refuse to see Pyrrhus
and then marry Orestes!  Your faith in your husband will be
poisoned from the beginning.  You will remember you were unwilling
to measure him alongside another man; you will wonder what would
have happened if you had met Pyrrhus.  At first you will pray you
may never meet him, then you will wish you still might, and finally
you'll meet him, of course.  That's what I intended to say.  But
you and your father must arrange these matters now as you think
best.  I am leaving this house forever.  It was understood between
Menelaus and myself that if he spoke to me again in those terms I
was to go."

"Oh, come now, Helen," said Menelaus, "I was off my guard."

"No, you weren't," said Helen, "though it would be no excuse if you
were; I shouldn't think better of the insult for knowing it was
spontaneous.  But you went from talking to me, and from promising
not to repeat such language, and you said the same thing again to
my own daughter; now in her presence you tell me she agrees with
you, and the child in self-defence has to explain she doesn't.
We've come to the end, Menelaus; I'll go my way, and you go yours.
Hermione, I ask you, on your honour, not to let your father start
any story about a love-affair with Achilles, or any other falsehood
to account for my leaving.  I go because your father has his kind
of mind."

"I suppose the disgrace which will fall on you and me is a small
matter in your eyes," said Menelaus.  "But at least you might
consider the disgrace to Hermione, who is entirely innocent."

"No disgrace will fall on her," said Helen.  "It will be only
another instance of her misfortune in her parents.  The disgrace,
if there is any--of course there will be--will fall entirely on

"That's where it certainly ought to fall," said Menelaus, "but it
won't--not entirely.  I shall get some of it."

"None whatever," said Helen.  "Your wife will simply have left you
for the second time.  She will be in disgrace, and you will be

"I don't see that," said Menelaus.

"You will," said Helen.  "When a husband or a wife runs away, the
injured party, so-called, gets sympathy but no admiration, not even
the first time it happens.  People who can command love are not
left behind.  But if the desertion becomes a habit, there isn't
even sympathy.  The habitually deserted is laughed at."

"You mustn't go, Helen," said Menelaus, "you really must not."

"I am going," said Helen, "and I ask you to let me depart with some
show of dignity in your manners, without words.  Adraste and I can
be ready to-morrow.  I have several places in mind where we shall
probably be welcome.  There's Idomeneus--"

"Helen," said Menelaus, "I shan't try to use force to keep you
here; perhaps it wouldn't succeed, if your determination is what
you say it is.  But I beg of you to stay.  I surrender absolutely.
I admit, before Hermione, I was altogether in the wrong.  I have
acted unworthily, I have--"

"Good-bye," said Helen.  "You have.  But I am going."

"Mother," said Hermione, "if you'll stay, I'll do what you ask
about Pyrrhus.  I'll welcome him here, in this house, before I
marry Orestes."

"You certainly ought to do that for your own sake, whether or not I
stay," said Helen, "and I dare say your father will consent to
invite him as soon as I'm gone.  It will be safe then."

"He won't come if he hears there's another quarrel," said Hermione.
"I'm sure he'll think father wants help in more wars."

"I've no doubt he'll think just that," said Helen.  "I can hear him
now.  He has his father's hearty laugh."

"I suppose I must come to it," said Menelaus.  "If you'll stay,
Helen, I'll send the invitation to Pyrrhus at once."

"You ought to send it at once whether I go or stay," said Helen.
"You know you ought.  I'll make no bargain with you, never again.
Send for him or don't send for him.  The decision is now entirely
yours.  I was your wife an hour ago, trying to plan with you for
our daughter.  Now you are a free man, with all the choice and all
the responsibility."

"I'll put it the other way round," said Menelaus.  "If I send for
him, will you stay?"

"You couldn't have heard what I said.  I will make no bargain with

"Very well," said Menelaus.  "You win.  I'll send for Pyrrhus at
once.  Is that perfectly clear?  At once.  It's my own decision,
entirely.  I thought of it all myself.  Nobody could persuade me
not to.  I'll go and send the messenger now. . . .  Will you stay?"

"You have made a wise decision," said Helen, "and you'd better go
now and send the messenger."

"And you'll stay?  That's the whole point!" said Menelaus.

"Oh, is it?" said Helen, "then it was a bargain, after all?  In
that case I won't stay."

"My word, what a woman!" said Menelaus.  "I'll go and send the

"Mother, you won't leave me, will you, till after Pyrrhus comes?"
said Hermione.  "I couldn't say it while father was here, but I
dread being inspected as a possible wife, and I can't meet him
naturally now, after all this talk.  Besides, I shall feel like a
hypocrite, with my mind already made up to marry Orestes."

"I promise to stay at least till Pyrrhus comes, or till Orestes
comes," said Helen.  "My own rule ought to work both ways; if you
ought to see Pyrrhus first, I certainly ought to give Orestes a
chance to prove himself what you think him.  Your father is sending
for Pyrrhus, but he's a long way off and can't arrive for some
time.  Meanwhile I should like to have your cousin here.  Will you
see to it that he comes?"

"There's nothing I'd rather do," said Hermione, "but I don't know
where he is.  I never know.  He's hiding from gisthus.  We'll have
to wait till he comes."

"Couldn't he trust you with his secret?" said Helen.  "I don't like
that at all.  He will lose the best opportunity he is ever likely
to have, if we can't find him at the critical moment.  You have no
means of getting a message to him?"

"None whatever," said Hermione, "but you mustn't blame him; he
wanted to tell me where he hides, but I wouldn't let him.  I had
too many secrets of his already, and his life depended on this one.
Besides, I got a sort of thrill out of his mysterious comings and
goings--it was what a love-affair should be, I think, not regulated
by ordinary information, but inspired by chance or providence or

"I know your temperament," said Helen.  "Personally it wouldn't
take the bloom off romance for me if I knew where my lover was.
We'll have to wait till Orestes comes, then.  I really hope it will
be soon.  And I want you to know, Hermione, I appreciate your
willingness to do what I asked--to see Pyrrhus."

"Before I go," said Hermione, "you might tell me--I'm awfully
curious--who Idomeneus is.  Father got quite excited at his name."

"He was one of my suitors," said Helen, "and perhaps you ought to
know about him; for it's really because of him that I'm sure you do
well to see Pyrrhus.  When I was married the old custom still held
for the suitors not to appear in person, but to send gifts with the
offer of their hand, and let the lady and her parents decide.  Of
course you decided on some one you knew, or knew about.  Idomeneus
is a very original man.  He was always far ahead of his times.  He
came himself with his gifts, and said that if he had the good
fortune to win me, no one else should have the happiness of hearing
the word of assent, and no one else should have the honour of
bringing me to his home.  Do you know, Hermione, I was so
inexperienced then that I thought him most crude to go against the
proper rules for a sentimental marriage.  I rejected him first of
all, and sent him off alone.  Then I weighed the absentee suitors,
conscientiously, conventionally, and as I felt, romantically, and
decided on Menelaus.  Idomeneus is a strange person to this day.
He has never married.  But it's because of him that I think a girl
should see all the possibilities, whether suitors or not, before
she gives herself.  Even at the best, we overlook so much!"


"All day I've thought of you, Adraste," said Damastor.  "You run in
my head like a tune; whatever less lovely goes on round about me, I
can always be silent and listen."

"I like to hear you say so, Damastor.  How wonderful you are, with
a pretty speech every time we meet, and never twice the same!  To
me you are a picture, not music; I dream of you--dreams so lively,
I almost fear the household will see what I see, and know my

"What do you see, Adraste?"

"Do you ask, my lover? . . .  Damastor, your lips are cold!  Poor

"Come farther into the shadow, Adraste--they will see us if we walk
in the moonlight.  I never saw such a great moon.  Here, we can sit
on this garden bench, and talk in peace."

"There never was such a moon, Damastor, but the brightness is you,
I think; I have come here alone, on nights like this, to see the
garden turned to magic, and to think of--what we think of; but it
was never so bright.  If I could, I'd have it brighter still, and
everybody here to see us walking in it.  Our happiness is too
beautiful to hide.  I'm so proud of you, Damastor. . . .  Damastor,
do you love me--as you said?"

"I love you more, Adraste, oh, so much more!  Don't you feel it,
how much I love you?  Do we need words?"

"I like you to tell me, Damastor; nobody could tell it as you can.
When you first told me you loved me, I shall never forget how you
told me!"

"Adraste, I don't recall a single word.  What I remember is the
silence afterwards.  I was so afraid there might be some one else
you cared for already, and you managed to let me know there was
some one and just as I felt ready to die, I found out I was the
one, after all."

"Yes, you found out!  But I had to tell you."

"You had to tell me!  I like that.  We just looked at each other
and said nothing.  I never was so happy in my life: I shall never
be so happy again."

"Oh, I shall, Damastor.  I didn't enjoy that silence a bit.  I knew
you cared, you innocent child, and I had to wait while you wrestled
with the idea; and it wasn't news to me, whatever it was to you,
that you had my heart.  Really I was annoyed at you, just standing
there paralysed with your great discovery, and not knowing what to
do next."

"If I was struck dumb, Adraste, it was with happiness. . . .  And
then I asked you for just one kiss, don't you remember?"

"I do; that was the precise number you asked for."

"But you let me take more than one, Adraste.  I didn't know what
kisses were."

"They frightened you a little, poor Damastor, didn't they?  You
seemed to think there were only so many kisses in the world, and if
we took them all that day, there would never be any others.  We had
better save them up a little, you said.  We promised to wait a
long, long time for each other."

"How young it seems!  We were both so young, Adraste!"

"Yes, is was several months ago.  And now we are--what, dear lover?--
middle-aged?  At least so old that I grow retrospective, and
sentimental, and I ask you to say again you love me, as you did
when I was young."

"I ought to be a poet, Adraste, to say--"

"But you are, dear lover!"

"Ah, no!  If I were, I might put a heart-ache into words.  It is a
heart-ache, isn't it!  I wonder what brings it on--why happiness, I
mean, should bring something so close to pain.  I can't lay hold of
my love, Adraste--I can't really touch you.  My hand on your little
fingers, on your soft cheeks, smooth and cool, all your softness in
my arms--but you escape me, you whom I really love.  Here in the
shadow you are more real than sometimes when I see you in the broad
day.  Having you beside me, and listening to your voice, I can
believe in the joy that surrounds me; sometimes in daylight I think
it must be only a dream.  I look at you and try to remember all
that has happened, and I can't believe it.  But I can recall your
appearance as it was long ago--in memory or in a dream the picture
of our love is clear, but often the actual moment seems illusion.
Is it that way with you, Adraste?"

"You are a poet, I always say, Damastor--you have so much
imagination, and you play with your experiences, ask questions of
them, try to find words for them.  I'm a very simple person--I'm
just in love with you, all of me in love.  It is dream enough for
me to see you, here in the shadow, or in the moonlight, or in
sunlight.  Just to see you, to be at your side, to feel you near!"

"Adraste, do you remember the first time we met--that is, to meet?
When my mother asked me to go for the jar of water, and asked you
to help me, and you came along so demurely?"

"Your mother wouldn't ask me now to help you, would she!  Do you
remember that next time, when Helen brought me to your mother's
house, and your mother sent me to the other end of the garden, and
so arranged it herself, without meaning to, that you came out and
talked to me?"

"Do I remember!  My mother will never be the same person again, we
gave her such a shock.  Adraste, she still thinks I hadn't met you
before; she insists she never asked you to help with the water-

"Well, even if we hadn't met before, you might have come out."

"Mother thinks not--she thinks you bewitched me, got me there by
magic.  In a way she's right.  But she oughtn't to say she didn't
ask you to help, that other time."

"She didn't notice me, I suppose, Damastor--her mind was on the jar
of water."

"You mean, she didn't notice how beautiful you were.  When she saw
that, the day in the garden, she was afraid of you."

"Am I so terrible, Damastor?"

"Fatal, I should say."

"It's love that's fatal, Damastor. . . .  Damastor, have you
thought out any plan for us yet--what we're to do?"

"I think of it all the time, Adraste, and the best thing still
seems to wait a little longer, and keep our happiness, our happy
secret, to ourselves.  We couldn't be happier than we have been,
and are--could we?  The responsibility is mine, and I think I can
manage my parents best if I don't break the news too suddenly;
they're both very stubborn over any unexpected news they don't
like.  I can't think what else to do."

"Damastor, my dear lover, it's a happy secret, as you say--but I
can't keep it much longer."

"You mean--you mean--"

"Of course I mean!  There, don't be so frightened.  I told you
before, and now it's dawning on you, as our love did--it is our
love again, isn't it!  In a little while everyone will know.  Why
shouldn't they?  I'm happy and proud, Damastor; it's altogether
beautiful.  But I wish it weren't a secret!  Why shouldn't we go
right out and say to any who will listen, Damastor and Adraste are
given to each other, given by their love, forever?  I don't see
what they could do, except envy us.  Your mother wouldn't like me
at first--she loves you too much to care for any girl who takes you
away--but in time I could make her like me.  Your father would be
kind to us."

"Father would be kind, if he were alone," said Damastor, "but
mother would be harder to convert than you think.  She didn't like
your beauty, to start with; she thinks that all beautiful women are
probably bad, and if she knew what--what you just told me--she'd be
sure her theory was sound.  I'm sorry, Adraste, but it's a fact.
She wouldn't understand.  I keep hoping that if we wait there may
be some way out.  There'll be none if I speak now."

"Tell me this, Damastor--do you think I'm a bad woman?  Are you
sympathising at all with what you said would be your mother's view?
Do you regret our love together?"

"Oh, Adraste, how can you ask me that!"

"How can I, dear?  Because you suggest the question.  You don't
speak as you did when you wanted me first, when you said we'd face
life together, when you were sure the only thing that mattered was
that we should belong to each other.  You weren't so prudent then--
at least, you weren't so prudent for me, were you?  I'm not saying
I didn't want to love you--I mean that you were your very noblest
then, when you took me, took your whole life in your own hands, I
thought, faced any risk at all, of poverty, even of your mother's
anger, in order that you might be yourself.  Would you do it again,
Damastor, if it were all still to be done?"

"Adraste, I love you so, what you say makes me feel a bit hurt, as
though you were accusing me of unfaithfulness.  Could I make it
clearer to you than I have made it, how much I want you all to
myself, our one life together?  I can't see how I've done anything
to disappoint you."

"In a way you have, Damastor, or I think you have; all I want is
for you to prove me mistaken.  I thought you knew your mind when
you asked me to give myself--I thought you were giving yourself
too.  With such a man I could face anything.  You can't know how
utterly I admired you, Damastor.  I knew your mother didn't like
me, but we agreed we had the right to make our own choice and live
our own lives.  I imagined that you would go to her and simply say,
with complete affection and respect, that you and I loved each
other, that it was all settled; and you'd say it in some
wonderfully wise words, so that your mother, even if she was sorry,
would see it our way, or if she didn't, you would have the comfort
of your own frankness and sincerity.  Damastor, I'm disappointed
that you do nothing at all--just wait.  It isn't so brave nor so
wise as I expected you to be, and at times I fear you are less sure
of yourself than you were.  Did I misjudge you, I ask?  Or did you
love me once, and have you changed?"

"How much I love you, Adraste, I'll give my life to showing.  If
I've delayed, it isn't because I'm a coward.  It will take courage
to face my mother, but when I'm sure it's the right time I'll speak
to her.  Have you told Helen?"

"Not a word."

"Does she suspect?"

"Damastor, Helen seems to know everything of this sort that goes on
around her, so I dare say she has guessed long ago, but she has
said nothing to me, and of course I haven't spoken to her."

"If you feel that way toward Helen, you ought to understand why I
too wish to keep it a secret for a while longer."

"I don't want to keep it a secret from anybody, Damastor, but I
want you to tell it.  I want you to boast of it, and be proud, so
that I can be proud of you."

"Aren't you proud of me, Adraste?"

"Damastor, I dare say no man ever quite knows why a woman loves
him; so far as I can judge from what you say, you entirely miss the
things I love you for.  I love the courage in you to know at sight
what belongs to your nature, to your own destiny.  Most people seem
to be imitating each other, without considering whether anything
they do is what they really want.  You have what Helen often speaks
of, you have the love of life; you naturally try to see things as
they are, you hate subterfuge and hypocrisy, you would be frank
with yourself and with others.  That's why I love you, Damastor--I
could never love the opposite kind of man.  You mustn't lose your
great gift, Damastor; if you should change, I couldn't be proud of
you--I should be fond of you always, but, oh, so sorry for you!  It
isn't simply this one problem, you see--it's your whole life that's
at stake, for if you begin now to hide your thoughts and your
feelings, and to cringe before the opinions of other people, you'll
be lost forever--I'm sure of that, Damastor.  It's so simple, I
thought you of all persons would see it clearly.  If you have done
what you now think was wrong, of course you ought to stop and do
what you now think is right.  That's why I asked you whether you
regretted our love.  But if what we did is still right, as we
believed it to be, there's no reason on earth why we should hide it
from anybody.  If others don't like what we are and what we do, of
course we wish there were no such difference of opinion, but sooner
or later we have to decide who's controlling our lives--ourselves
or those others.  When I thought you and I were to make our own
choices, I was proud of you, Damastor."

"I don't blame you for misjudging me, Adraste, but you do misjudge
me.  I have told you again and again that I would let no one, not
even my parents, control my destiny.  If I could go to them now, as
you want me to, and tell them I've chosen you for my future wife,
whether they like it or not, and if they would calmly submit, as
you half hope they would, then I suppose you'd be convinced that
I'm a forceful character.  But if I tell my father this news, with
mother so fixed in her prejudices, he'll turn me out of the house--
and where are we to go?  I don't see the heroism of that.  Love of
life--yes, but first of all we must live.  Temporarily, at least,
we are both better off than we'd be if my people sent me away and I
had no shelter or protection to offer you."

"Must one live, Damastor--is that the thing of first importance?
How we live, I'd rather say.  I think the love of life must have in
it a kind of recklessness, a determination not to pay too high for
mere existence--not to pay with your soul.  My way would be to go
hand in hand with you now, and tell them all about it.  First we'd
find Helen and tell her, then we'd go to your people; and if they
disowned us, as you expect, then we'd literally walk down the road
together till something happened to us--some good fortune or
perhaps some bad.  That would be the sincere and fine thing to do,
I'm sure.  Wouldn't you, in your heart, be happy to do that with
me?  Damastor, will you do it now--this very hour?"

"What a mad idea, Adraste!--to go off that way, like tramps, with
you--you couldn't stand it; you'd die before we had gone far!"

"I shall die here.  But I'd rather die that way, with the man I
thought I gave myself to.  Damastor, I know to-night that I have
lost you!"

"I'll never leave you, Adraste!  To-night you are full of gloomy
thoughts and fears, but there's no reason for them, except that you
aren't quite yourself.  You'll wake up rested to-morrow, and
remember what we have said, and all the grim things you said to me,
and you'll laugh at your worries.  I shall always love you,
Adraste; I love you absolutely.  I'll make you proud of me yet,
when the right moment comes to speak, and you see at last that I
was right. . . .  Don't go--we have lost the hour talking of these
stupid matters.  I thought we were to be together, just to be
happy, and here we've been arguing."

"Will you walk to the house with me, Damastor, or would you prefer
that I go back alone?  Very probably, Helen will see us, or
Menelaus, or Hermione."


"Now that I've sent for him," said Menelaus, "I want to tell you
one thing.  I was wrong, and all that, but you had no right to
thrash out the question as you did, in the presence of our child.
There can't be any discipline in a house where that sort of
wrangling goes on in public.  I detest family disputes above all
things, and the worst possible is between parents with their own
children listening."

"I regret it too," said Helen, "but it seemed better than to accept
without protest the insult you laid on me before my daughter.  You
have a curious point of view, Menelaus.  You brought me home, it
seems, for the satisfaction of saying unspeakable things during the
rest of my life, and you appear to think, for some reason, that I
will put up with it.  You seem to think it is good for your child
and your household to hear such discourtesy from your lips.  If I
am not mistaken, you even think it is good for your own character.
Every time you insult me, you give the impression of feeling
morally elevated."

"Helen, I haven't said a word before my own household; no self-
respecting man would do that.  When Eteoneus wanted to open the
subject, I refused to let him go on."

"What subject did Eteoneus wish to open?" said Helen.

"That's ancient history," said Menelaus.  "I was foolish to mention

"You were," said Helen, "but since you did, I hope you will tell me
what Eteoneus wanted to say."

"I'm sorry, Helen, but I can't.  It wasn't important, anyway."

"Menelaus, I suspect it was very important.  In any case, it
concerns me, and it is of a nature that you prefer to hide from

"Well, I can't tell you, that's all there is to it.  I don't wish
to, in the first place, and if I did repeat his remarks, you'd
accuse me of insulting you, and before I got out of the mess, I'd
have to invite some other guest to the house.  We haven't enough
food in the storeroom to entertain any more; it was a disappointing
harvest, you remember."

"I won't be put off this way," said Helen.  "If you decide not to
tell me, I'll ask Eteoneus what he said."

"Since when have you gone to the gate-keeper for opinions on your
own character, Helen?  Really, you couldn't do anything more
undignified than that, to talk over our affairs with the servants!"

"I have no intention of discussing our affairs--I'll merely ask him
what mysterious thing it was he said about me."

"He'll tell you, of course!" said Menelaus.

"I don't know whether he will or not, but I can ask him.  I'd
rather have it from you, but since the servants are whispering
things about me, and since you won't share the information you
have, I refuse to remain in the dark."

"Helen, I see I've made too much of a small matter.  I'll tell you
the little there is to tell.  On my return, Eteoneus asked me just
what the attitude of the servants should be to you.  They were
surprised, he said, that you came back at all, and still more that
you were here again as though--well, as though you had never been
away.  They were prepared, on my return, to cheer my lonely life,
he said, but they didn't know how to meet a situation in which
there seemed to be no loneliness, and no need for cheering up.
They felt, he said,--"

"When was it you stopped him--prevented him from going on?" said
Helen.  "That's quite a speech already."

"He made it against my will, and rather piece-meal," said Menelaus.
"I kept bringing him back to the subject, but he would digress,

"What was the subject you kept bringing him back to?" said Helen.

"Why, he came in to talk about Hermione," said Menelaus.


"About Hermione and Orestes," said Menelaus.  "He was worried over
their intimacy."

"I can't believe my ears," said Helen.  "You, who never discuss
your wife with the servants, you only discuss your daughter with
them--your daughter and her love-affairs!  There's a distinction, I
suppose, but I can't see it.  Menelaus, I had no idea you had lost
your fineness of feeling!  You had it once--what has happened to
you?  And what will become of us all?  At your age, if you begin
developing such weaknesses, you will soon deteriorate quite beyond
rescue, and your influence on Hermione will be most unfortunate.
There's no cure for vulgarity."

"If you'd been in the room when Eteoneus was talking," said
Menelaus, "you'd know well enough that I wasn't gossiping about my
family--not about my wife nor my daughter--nor about my brother nor
his wife, nor his son.  I speak so particularly in order that I may
not be accused of evasion.  Eteoneus doesn't like Orestes, and he
came to poison my mind against the boy.  Orestes involved Hermione,
of course, and the gate-keeper told me the young people had met
constantly during our absence.  I told him they had been promised
to each other long ago, that I would place the fullest confidence
in my daughter's discretion, and that he himself was an impertinent
old meddler.  I sent him back to his post, but he's a stubborn
fellow and it took some time to get rid of him.  He kept talking
all the while, trying to draw something out of me with reference to
you.  I refused to listen to him, but before I got him out he had
made his point of view clear enough.  What I told you was a
summary, more concise than his remarks.  He feels that the world is
departing from the traditions he grew up in; what he really came
for was to be comforted against the consciousness and the
consequences of growing old."

"He's probably right about Orestes," said Helen, "and the world is
changing.  I'm sorry it is.  Conservative ways, conventional
manners, are best in the end.  It may be necessary to depart from
them, but those who depart must pay a big price, I should think.
That's why I regret to see you give up your old courtliness,
Menelaus.  It was one of your happiest accomplishments, and though
rougher, more downright behaviour is coming into fashion, it will
never sit so well on your nature, in my opinion.  I noticed the
change immediately that night in Troy, when we met again.  I
admired Agamemnon for staying and making those sacrifices.  There
was something about it--I don't know--a tone, you might say; it
indicated the hold his breeding had on him.  I was sorry you didn't
stay and do the same thing.  Our return has not been so happy as a
home-coming should be.  You began it in the wrong mood."

"I can't see that at all," said Menelaus.  "Our troubles are in our
own character, I think.  Sacrifices are very well; I sacrificed
with Agamemnon for a whole day.  But if you overdo that sort of
thing you cease to be religious, or conventional, and become
fanatic, or even foolish.  The war was finished; our business, as I
saw it, was to take up our interrupted lives again.  I don't know
what made Agamemnon do what he did; he usually is no stickler for
rites and ceremonies.  I teased him a bit about Clytemnestra--
suggested he was afraid to go home and face her.  Considering what
really has happened in his house, I wish I hadn't said that.  He'll
recall it when he arrives, and perhaps he'll imagine I'm on his
wife's side in this bad business.  But he isn't back yet--notice
that, Helen.  We came in fairly good time, allowing for delays of
the wind, but he isn't heard of.  If our attitude toward the
sacrifices counted for or against us, he ought to have got home
first, don't you think?"

"I never saw any connection between the sacrifices and the speed of
the boat," said Helen.  "The question, as I understood it, was
whether we were to get home at all.  You didn't make much headway,
you remember, until we had those formal sacrifices in Egypt.
Agamemnon will soon be back, I've no doubt, and we'll have a sound
explanation of his delay."

"When he has had time to get settled," said Menelaus, "we'll ask
him here to talk about Hermione and Orestes."

"That will make another guest," said Helen.  "Menelaus, are you
sure you've sent for Pyrrhus, as you said you would?"

"Certainly; the messenger went off that day--within the hour.
Pyrrhus will be here on a friendly visit--that's all we agreed on,
you remember, and we'll have Orestes too.  Not at the same time, of
course: before, don't you think?"

"I'd like to see Orestes, if he can be found," said Helen, "but
Hermione doesn't know where he is.  I feel as you do that we should
meet him before we come to a decision.  And really I've no
objection to Agamemnon.  Since we all used to talk of the
children's marriage to one another, I dare say both sides of the
house had better take part in the discussion now. . . .  There's
the gate-keeper coming up the walk.  Shall I leave you two?"

"Stay here," said Menelaus.  "I don't know what he wants.  See for
yourself whether I'm too intimate with him."

"Menelaus, may I speak to him about--what he said of me?"

"You may not," said Menelaus.

"Why not?  Didn't you give me the correct version?"

"Didn't I what?  Oh, you think I invented it, for my own uses!
Think so, if you like!  But I told the truth."

"Menelaus," said Eteoneus, "I expected to find you alone.  I beg
your pardon."

"Perhaps I'm in the way, Menelaus," said Helen.  "I'll return when
you are at liberty again."

"See here, Eteoneus, what do you mean by saying you expected to
find me alone?  What has come over you?  Do you take it amiss that
I'm talking in my own house to my own wife?"

"I presume to take nothing amiss with you, Menelaus," said
Eteoneus, "no matter what's in the back of my thoughts."

"That won't do, Eteoneus," said Menelaus.  "I told you the other
day you'd have to keep a civil tongue when you spoke of any member
of my household.  You understood me clearly, I believe?"

"No, Menelaus," said the gate-keeper, "I heard the words clearly,
but I didn't understand you. . . .  But we'd better not go on, with
my lady here."

"Eteoneus," said Helen, "I shall be glad to hear whatever you wish
to say.  Say it as if I were not present--unless it is some private
business of my husband's, which I ought not to know.  You are an
old friend, and I don't feel that I've seen much of you since my
return.  How have you been?"

"My health has been excellent," said Eteoneus, "but I have a
troubled mind."

"I'm sorry for that," said Helen.  "Such faithful service as you
have given, ought to leave you, at your years, with a quiet

"Oh, nothing the matter with my conscience.  It's not my own wrong-
doing I have to worry about."

"Eteoneus," said Menelaus, "what brought you here?  What do you
wish with me?"

"One moment, Menelaus," said Helen.  "Do I understand that Eteoneus
is troubled by the wrongs others have done?"

"That's it exactly," said Eteoneus.

"You mean, wrongs that people have done to you personally?" said
Helen.  "Of course I don't want to seem prying into your affairs."

"No offence at all," said Eteoneus.  "No, not wrongs done to me

"Well," said Helen, "when you come to think of it, there are a
great number of wrongs in the world done by others, to others than
ourselves.  What a passion for grief you must have, Eteoneus, to
borrow all that trouble!"

"Eteoneus," said Menelaus, "I insist on knowing what--"

"I beg your pardon, Menelaus," said Helen.  "I did not realise that
my talking to Eteoneus was annoying you."

"Not at all," said Menelaus.  "Talk to him as much as you like--at
another time.  Now I wish to hear his errand."

"It's merely a bit of news," said Eteoneus, "but there was a time
when you would have been glad to hear it."

"You don't mean that Pyrrhus has declined the invitation?"

"He hasn't received it yet.  No, my news has to do with your

"Is he back?"

"He is," said Eteoneus.  "The news has just come that he's home
again, safe and in the usual health.  The man who told me--he
passed through here about an hour ago--actually saw him draw up
with his chariots before his own door, with all the baggage and the
prizes--and with Cassandra, his handsome slave.  The man said
Cassandra is very beautiful."

"She is said to be," replied Menelaus.  "What happened next?"

"Nothing.  They all went into the house.  After the doors were
closed the crowd waited a while, of course, and then went about
their business.  The man continued his journey."

"I'd like to know what went on behind those doors," said Menelaus.

"So should I," said Eteoneus, "but the man apparently missed the
significance of the whole episode.  He's only a casual trader, and
he hadn't heard of Clytemnestra's conduct.  He was quite surprised
when I told him; he deeply regrets now that he came away just--as
you might say--at the moment of greatest possibilities."

"Didn't he see Clytemnestra at all?" said Menelaus.

"Oh, yes, she came out to meet Agamemnon, and led him into
the house, the man said.  She greeted Cassandra, too, very

"She did, did she?" said Menelaus.  "And was gisthus doing the
honours too?"

"The man didn't see him--nor even hear of him," said the gate-
keeper.  "That's because he passed through the place so hurriedly."

"Eteoneus," said Menelaus, "when you first told me about
Clytemnestra and gisthus, I thought the whole rumour might very
well be sheer fiction, and I said so.  Now I wonder whether my
suggestion hasn't been proved sound!  If gisthus were master in
the house, Clytemnestra wouldn't have welcomed Agamemnon home in
that dutiful fashion.  If there had been a scandal, your trader
would have heard of it, no matter how short a time he stayed."

"Oh, nonsense, Menelaus," said Helen, "you are trying to deceive
yourself.  Orestes told Hermione all about it, Hermione told me, as
no doubt she told you.  Eteoneus has known of it before any of us.
No, my sister is living with gisthus, and her husband has come
home.  The trader quite evidently moved on too soon.  By this time
they've all reached some sort of understanding.  How I should like
to know what it is!"

"There's only one kind of understanding," said Menelaus.  "My
brother will kill gisthus, and Clytemnestra will want to kill
Cassandra.  Eteoneus, tell the men to get my things ready for an
immediate journey.  I'll go at once to my brother."

"If you ought to go," said Helen, "I shan't try to keep you, but I
have a presentiment that you'd better stay here.  Whatever has
happened, has happened already; you'd be too late to help.
Messengers better informed are sure to bring news.  I'd stay here,
if I were you."

"There's something in what you say, Helen, but I ought to go.  I
must see for myself how it has been settled."

"If you are worrying about Agamemnon," said Helen, "I'd send for
news at once, but I wouldn't go myself.  You'd be of no use, if
he's in trouble, unless you took a considerable company of your men
with you, and you'd look rather foolish marching in with your
troops if by any chance Agamemnon and Clytemnestra have made it

"They can't make it up," said Menelaus.

"Oh, I wouldn't go so far as that," said Helen.  "Almost any
reconciliation is possible in this world.  Send Agamemnon a
greeting, as though you knew nothing of the gisthus incident; ask
him to come here at the first opportunity.  His answer will give
you the news and guide your actions."

"Suppose he is reconciled to Clytemnestra and brings her along?"
said Menelaus.

"Well, if he is reconciled to her, he may bring her," said Helen.
"She's my sister, when all's said and done, and she's the mother of
the young man you're determined to have for a son-in-law.  You
can't ignore her.  Now, if you had seen the matter my way, and had
thrown your influence toward Pyrrhus, you would have spared
yourself this embarrassment."

"I never liked Clytemnestra," said Menelaus.  "Whether they are
reconciled or not, I shall always feel that her conduct was
peculiarly offensive. . . .  I dare say the messenger is the right
thing--Eteoneus, tell one of the men to get ready.  Tell him at

"Well, what do you think of it, Helen?"

"I don't know, Menelaus.  It's your brother and my sister.  What it
will mean to us, I don't know."

"I'm not thinking of us," said Menelaus.  "We'll stand any shock, I
dare say.  I didn't like to show my feelings before Eteoneus.
There'll be terrible doings in that house . . . don't you think?"

"I think there have been, by this time," said Helen.  "I'm sorry
for Electra, and for Orestes.  And I'm sorry for Hermione.  She'll
take it much to heart, and such things ought not to be occupying a
young girl's mind. . . .  Menelaus, what did you make of that
trader Eteoneus pretended to quote?"

"Why, what should I make of him?  Just what Eteoneus told us."

"You believed the account, then.  I thought you did.  I didn't.
Eteoneus knows more than he told us, or the trader knew more than
he told Eteoneus.  As you said yourself, any trader would hear the
scandal, no matter how short a time he stayed, and if he heard it,
he wouldn't leave so carelessly."

"You think Eteoneus knows more than he told us?"

"Eteoneus or the trader."

"I'll call him back this minute and find out!"

"Ask him whether I wasn't right to advise you to stay at home,"
said Helen.  "And ask him for his reasons.  I'll go and tell
Hermione the news.  Perhaps it concerns her most."

"Menelaus," said Eteoneus, "I've been looking through the door till
your wife should leave the room.  Now I can speak to you alone.  I
didn't tell you all."

"Then tell me now--what's the rest of it?"

"The trader knew the scandal, all right--that part was an invention
of mine.  He wanted to stay and see what happened, but he says
every one in town told him to move on, if he valued his health."

"His health?"

"His life, if you want it plainly.  The trader said Clytemnestra
and gisthus had the scene all set to trap Agamemnon, and they
preferred to do it without witnesses."

"Get the men together, Eteoneus!  I'll go at once."

"I wouldn't, Menelaus, if I were you.  I hope it's not necessary.
I've been trying to find Orestes, and I rather think I've got word
to him.  In fact, I know I have.  He'll attend to it.  He doesn't
consider me his friend, but in an emergency like this I like him
well enough, and now he has his chance to show what kind of son he
is.  It's his right, more than yours, to be with Agamemnon now.  If
I'm not mistaken, he's already well on his way.  You'd better stay
here, send your messenger, and wait till you have the reply."

"Where was Orestes?  I thought he couldn't be found?"

"I didn't want to find him before," said Eteoneus.  "It's his
secret, so I won't say where he was, but now we'll see what he's
made of.  You won't mind, I hope, but I fitted him out with some of
your best weapons.  It's all in the family, as I said to him."


"Hermione, my dear, I came as soon as I heard the news.  I hope
Helen is at home."

"She isn't, Charitas--she's out this afternoon, I'm sorry to say.
Come in and let me be a poor substitute."

"Dear child, not poor at all!  But this is the second time I've
missed her.  If I didn't know your mother so well, I'd suspect she
was avoiding me.  You'll tell her how disappointed I am.  The
moment I heard that Agamemnon was back, I said I must come over at
once and tell Helen how glad I was. . . .  Dear me! . . .  You've
heard from your aunt, I suppose?"

"No, we haven't heard from any of them directly.  A man brought the
news that Agamemnon is home again.  Mother told me.  Father has
sent him an invitation to spend a few days with us as soon as he's
at leisure."

"Your uncle, Hermione, is a very distinguished man.  You ought to
be proud of him.  I don't mean, of course, that your father isn't
distinguished too, but Agamemnon always had . . . well, there was a
certain something about him.  It's hard to define personality.  I
never could understand why your aunt didn't appreciate what she
had--most women would think themselves well off with such a

"Perhaps she doesn't want to be well off," said Hermione.  "Mother
always seems annoyed when one speaks respectfully of ordinary
comforts and of an established life.  They seem to have their own
notion of success.  But I ought not to speak so of my aunt.  I dare
say she does appreciate her husband--what she has seen of him.  I
know nothing to the contrary."

"My dear child, you don't mean to pretend you haven't heard how
Clytemnestra's been going on!  Of course you have!  It's the most
general subject of conversation among all the friends of the
family.  I don't know where women get the courage to do such
things.  Not that I want that kind of courage!  But you can't say
she appreciates Agamemnon if she's living with gisthus."

"I don't feel that I know much about such things, Charitas, but I
fancy I can understand my aunt's point of view, at least to a
degree.  I don't defend the irregularities in her conduct, but she
has her good qualities.  Orestes--my cousin, you know--is devoted
to her, and I always remind myself that so fine a man wouldn't care
for a person with no virtues whatever."

"Perhaps he's merely dutiful," said Charitas.  "In any case, I'm
glad to hear that of Orestes; I had thought him perhaps a bit too
advanced in his ideas.  You know, he didn't go to Troy, though he
is quite formidable, they say, in the field.  Some one told me--who
was it?--that he stayed at home because he didn't approve of the
war.  I feared he might be temperamentally disloyal.  But
Clytemnestra seems to me undoubtedly--I don't suppose your uncle
will take her back?  You said you hadn't heard."

"She is back, isn't she?" said Hermione.  "She never was away.  I
dare say they'll quarrel, but I repeat, Clytemnestra has some
things on her side, and I reserve my judgment till I know much more
than at present I do."

"Has she something on her side?  I didn't know that!  Has Agamemnon
been--?  Well, it's not to be wondered at; men always are.  Do tell
me, Hermione!  I've missed it entirely--I don't see how."

"It's perfectly simple," said Hermione, "if you know them both.
Agamemnon is high-handed, and Clytemnestra is high-spirited.  What
more do you need for a quarrel?  Orestes says his mother resented a
little all the excitement over my mother.  You might guess she was
jealous, but Orestes says not; he says his mother merely thought
the expedition to Troy was--well, out of proportion.  Then there
was Iphigeneia.  Haven't you heard about that?  It was long ago,
when they were trying to get the boats off.  My uncle was at Aulis,
and he sent for Iphigeneia to come and marry Achilles.  My aunt was
naturally delighted with the match, and was packing up to go on
with her daughter, when Agamemnon sent word he wanted only the
daughter--her mother mustn't come.  That was rather intolerable,
don't you think?  Clytemnestra wanted her daughter to be well
married, but she counted on being asked to the wedding.  You
wouldn't believe how brutal Agamemnon was about it--said that if
Clytemnestra appeared, there would be no marriage, and she mustn't
ask questions, but he would explain after he got home.  Rather than
spoil Iphigeneia's chance, Clytemnestra sent her on to Aulis alone--
and there was no marriage, after all.  Clytemnestra thought that
such a betrayal ended her obligations to Agamemnon.  I'm not
prepared to say she was wrong."

"I don't see why, because the wedding fell through, she should
break up the home," said Charitas.  "If I went off with another man
every time my husband failed to do what he promised, I'd--well, I'd
not be what I am.  Iphigeneia could have found another husband."

"No, she couldn't," said Hermione.  "They did a dreadful thing--
they offered her as a sacrifice for a favourable wind."

"Hermione!  How awful!  And I suppose it wasn't favourable, after

"Yes, it was," said Hermione.  "That's when they sailed for Troy.
But perhaps they didn't really kill her.  I used to believe they
did, but no one admits it now, and there's another story, more
recent, about her being still alive, in some obscure place.  Why
she should be there and not at home, I can't guess.  But whatever
happened to her, I hope my uncle has explained it satisfactorily by
this time, and I do hope he'll see that his failure to explain
earlier justified Clytemnestra in abandoning her home ties.
Orestes says--"

"Hermione, my dear, I doubt if Orestes is a good influence upon
you; he seems to talk--and think--as I should expect of his
mother's child.  You never would express such disturbing theories
if some one had not imposed them on you; it's not in your sweet
nature.  I suspect Orestes.  I hope you won't allow yourself to
admire him too much!"

"I doubt if I admire him too much," said Hermione.

"I'm sure you don't," said Charitas.  "Really, Hermione, it's a
mystery to me how you have kept your ideas of life so steady and so
high, with such extraordinary performances going on around you.
You know I'm devoted to your mother, but--you won't mind my saying
what even those who love her best agree in--she's not an ideal
parent.  She's too much preoccupied with love, as if that were the
whole thing in life.  Common sense goes further, I say.  And a
little skill to plan and contrive.  These people who give way to
their feelings, Hermione, they're simply a burden on the rest of
us.  Such respect as they have for their instincts and their
impulses!  I hope you'll never go in for an emotional career.  I've
always tried to suppress Damastor's impulses, or at least to keep
his mind off them.  So far I flatter myself I've succeeded.  Don't
you think he's a dear boy, Hermione?"

"I haven't seen enough of him, Charitas, to know whether he's a
dear boy or not.  He's very civil to me when we meet."

"Civil?  Why, Hermione, he's devoted to you--he's really in love
with you!  There's no reason why you should be coy about it--with
his mother, your old friend.  I know his feelings on the subject.
That child tells me everything.  He often stops in my room to talk
after he has been over to see you."

"What does he tell you, Charitas?  Because, he never comes to see
me.  I haven't had a word with him for weeks and weeks."

"Hermione!  I feel faint!  Damastor! . . .  Don't tell me that--the
boy wouldn't deceive me."

"Charitas, I'm sorry to tell you, but once before, or several
times, you've hinted that Damastor was in love with me.  I couldn't
discuss a hint of that sort, but it worried me, because Damastor
has shown no interest in me at any time.  I didn't like you to have
a false impression."

"He said--he always says--merely that he is coming over here to see
you.  I thought he meant--"

"I think he meant he was coming over here," said Hermione.  "I
don't doubt he came.  And I don't doubt he's infatuated with a
girl.  There's more than one woman in this house, Charitas."

"Don't tell me it's--your mother!"

"No, for a wonder, it's not.  My guess is--of course I don't know--
it's Adraste."

"And who is Adraste?"

"You know--you've seen her--the girl who attends my mother."

"The one who came with Helen to my garden?  Hermione!  She's very

"She certainly is--if you like the type."

"How awful!  I dare say she has no character at all.  She's a
nobody, at best.  And constantly with Helen! . . .  Hermione, why
do you think Damastor's infatuated with her?"

"They've been together a good deal--I've seen them walking and
talking, when they perhaps supposed themselves alone.  He's only a
boy, Charitas, and she's a scheming little thing, if I guess right.
She knows her charms, and would rather die than not use them, and I
doubt if she has any morals to speak of.  I may be wrong, but I
imagine Damastor has fallen into her clutches."

"My poor boy!  My poor boy!  I might have known.  This is your
mother's doings, Hermione!  I'd spare your feelings if I could, but
I must say that woman has paid me shabbily for my loyalty to her--
even when I knew she didn't deserve it.  What right has she to come
back among honest women, who have put up with worse husbands,
perhaps, than she ever had, and give herself airs as if she were a
goddess, beyond human measures of right and wrong--and bring with
her this little snake, to charm away our men and poison our lives!
If your mother had her just reward, Hermione!  Well, I can save
Damastor yet.  I'll send him away where that girl can't get her
hands on him.  He'll forget her if he sees a little more of the
world.  I'll send him to my brother's, for a visit.  If she ever
speaks to him again, it will be at my funeral!"

"On the whole, I think you're wise," said Hermione.  "Damastor is
too nice a boy, I'm sure, to have his life spoiled by the wrong
kind of woman.  I'd be sorry for any well brought up man who chose
Adraste.  I'm glad that Orestes, so far as he knows about her,
doesn't like her at all."




"If you insist on knowing my reasons," said Hermione, "they are
three, as nearly as I can take an inventory at short notice.  In
the first place, I don't love him.  In the second place, I do love
Orestes.  In the third place, Pyrrhus is a good deal of a brute,
from all I have heard, and the strong-handed sort of husband
doesn't appeal to me.  I wonder that you continue the discussion.
Let Pyrrhus come; I will look at him, as you wish, and then he can
go home.  All this talk makes me care less for him every day."

"If my object were merely to arrange a marriage between you and
Pyrrhus," said Helen, "I certainly would not talk so much about it;
I realise that the effect may be as you say.  You may come to hate
the sound of his name, and you may develop a strong dislike for me.
When you see him, perhaps you will like him in spite of all that I
have said in his favour.  But however that may be, I wish you to
become acquainted with a few plain truths about marriage, which
most girls learn too late.  It is your education I have set my
heart on, even more than your marriage.  If there were another way
to bring the ideas to your mind, I wouldn't put them into words.
Forgive me if I weary you, Hermione.  Perhaps you could understand
my point of view, if you made the effort; we of the elder
generation have a point of view, you know.  It comes from having
brought children into the world.  We wish to give them a better
life than we had.  The only way is to put our experience at their
disposal.  But nothing annoys the young so much.  Now I don't
pretend to know everything about love, but I know a great deal more
than you do, and your three reasons for not considering Pyrrhus
seem to me absurd.  Don't be angry!  Some day they will seem so to
you, even though you continue to love Orestes."

"They don't seem absurd to me now," said Hermione, "and I'm the one
who has to decide."

"You are," said Helen, "and I want you to decide with your eyes
open, without deceiving yourself.  You don't love Pyrrhus, you say.
Why should you?  You haven't met him.  But he is coming here in a
few weeks.  I'm not asking you to lose your heart to him; I'm
giving you fair warning that though you haven't seen him, and
though you are now, as you think, in love with another man, you may
wish you belonged to Pyrrhus, body and soul, twenty-four hours
after you have met him.  Don't think you are the one woman in
history to whom that could not happen."

"If you mean that Orestes isn't so remarkable a person as Pyrrhus,"
said Hermione, "I am willing to accept your opinion.  That is, I
don't agree with it, but I don't mind your thinking so.  You may be
quite right.  But that is no reason why I should hesitate a moment
where my heart is committed once for all.  Some men and some women
are made for each other.  I believe there is a destined mate for
each one of us, if we are only lucky enough to find each other.
Orestes and I are mates, that's all there is to it.  Pyrrhus may be
as wonderful as you say, but he is not my fate.  It's no use
arguing; I feel it."

"You feel that Orestes and you," said Helen, "were fashioned and
preserved for each other, the product and climax of happy stars?  I
know the feeling well.  I've had it several times, for different
men.  It's nature's fine way of saying that at the moment we want
him very much.  Haven't you ever seen a child, at first sight of a
doll, clasp it to her arms and cry, 'That's my doll?'  What we want
very much always seems destined."

"You don't believe in people being spiritual mates?"

"They may become so in time," said Helen, "but it takes a great
deal of adjustment, so much so that rather than be pessimistic
about the accuracy of heavenly patterns, I'd rather say there are
no predestined couples, no separated parts which brought together
make a harmonious whole.  You can't believe that spiritual mate
nonsense, my daughter, after the experience of having two or more
sincere men in love with you at once.  Both think you are their
fate, and when you choose one, the other will never be convinced
that you knew what your fate was.  Very probably you didn't.  And
certainly you can't believe the theory after you find yourself in
love a second time--the same passion, the same heartache, the same
sense of destiny--but another man.  When we are young we all are
inclined to believe in the one person intended for us, and when we
learn that our devoted hearts can break a second time, or even a
third, we despise ourselves.  Then gradually we come to accept the
order of nature, that love can strike again and again, as our
personalities develop and change, and our destinies are not so
final as we supposed them to be."

"Mother, you talk as though nothing were stable in this world,"
said Hermione.  "I can't agree; it seems impious.  I prefer to be

"Nothing is stable in this world, Hermione, unless we ourselves are
so," said Helen.  "Loyalty is an achievement in our character--you
don't find it growing round you like a plant, or hitting you like
lightning.  There's a world of difference between loyalty and love.
Lovers are often loyal, from youth to old age, and their constancy
is all the more admired for not being natural.  When once you
marry, love may leave you, but the problem of loyalty never will.
I want you to choose the man to whom it will be easiest in the long
run for you to be loyal, and I insist it's more a matter of choice
than you think.  You say you are in love with Orestes now, and you
can't resist this fatal passion.  I warn you, though of course you
won't believe me, that you may be quite as much in love later with
someone else.  You would tell me, I'm sure, that the second love
can be resisted and should be.  I agree that it can be--and so can
the first."

"If you are drawing on your experience to advise me," said
Hermione, "I'd like to ask you more about your life than seems
quite proper; I doubt if a girl ought to ask such things of her

"I'll tell you anything I know," said Helen, "and you are welcome
to ask anything you can think of."

"Well, if you feel this way about love," said Hermione, "I can't
see why you didn't stay with my father.  You could very well have
resisted your love for Paris; you could have set me an example of
loyalty.  I am confused, I must confess, between what you have done
and what you advise,"

"Dear child," said Helen, "there's no connection between them!"

"That's what I thought," said Hermione.

"No, indeed," said Helen.  "I should never in the world advise you
to do what I've done.  It would be useless.  You couldn't do it.
And even if you could, you haven't my reasons for it."

"I agree that I couldn't imitate your life," said Hermione, "but I
don't think you ought to say it as though it were a gift which I
didn't inherit.  We shall never think the same way as to what kind
of life is desirable.  I fear I can't imagine any reason which
would justify your going off with Paris."

"I had no intention of justifying my life, Hermione--neither to you
nor to anybody else.  But your question made me think of the
reasons for my actions, whether they are justified or not.  Let me
advise you not to justify your life after it is lived; at that
stage it will speak for itself.  And don't judge the past actions
of other people--it's too late to change them.  You seem to me a
little censorious as you pronounce upon my career.  I object not
because it's my career, but because any final verdicts on others
seem presumptuous for a human being to make.  I discuss your life
so much because it is still in the future; what you have once done,
however, I shall say nothing about."

"I meant no discourtesy," said Hermione, "and I do see why you are
different from other people.  You are so beautiful that ordinary
rules seem not to apply."

"They didn't apply," said Helen, "but they ought to have done so,
and I wanted them to.  That is the whole trouble.  I never wanted
to be different from others, and yet I've never felt that I was
living in the same world with them.  Can't you see how the
situation would arise, and how fatal it would be?  No one has the
right to shut us out from any part of life, not even from hard
things, from the sorrows and sufferings.  They always said I was
beautiful, but the only effect I could notice was that they treated
me as if I weren't a human being.  My whole life has been an
attempt to put myself back among other people, to make sure I
wasn't missing anything.  I resented being excused from the
ordinary rules of life.  If I did wrong when I was a child, I
wasn't punished.  When I asked why they didn't punish me, they
thought I was abnormally good, or very conscientious, but the fact
was I wanted everything that was supposed to go with my conduct.
As a young girl, foolish and inexperienced, my mistakes never
brought me to harm.  In marriage at least I expected to find
reality; living with a man, I thought, would bring home to me the
mortal drama in which we are supposed to be playing our parts;
surely I should feel it if the marriage turned out unhappy.  But I
was more sheltered than ever--practically immune to life.  It
wearied me to be complimented still on my good looks, for the
phrase was always a reason why they should cheat me of what I
wanted most.  I understood what is meant when men say beauty is a
curse.  Without sharp edges, life is a smooth habit, and
meaningless.  I gave myself to Paris because I loved him, but
somewhere in my thoughts was the hope that our love would actually
be the great tragedy it seemed to promise, and that in the end I
should suffer and feel.  But my days in Troy might have been so
many seconds in a dream; no one took me seriously; no one, not even
Priam, upbraided me for ruining the city--not even Hector, who on
general principles disapproved of Paris and me.  When the end came,
I said to myself, I shall live at last, for Menelaus will surely
kill me.  Your father will never know what was in my mind as I saw
the anger go out of his face, and that sheltering look come back
into it.  It isn't exactly that he has forgiven me, but I am not
counted in the same world with other people--I'm a sort of wraith.
When he thinks of Paris and me, and I'm not in his presence, he
feels murderous, I believe; but if I'm there when he remembers, he
is, as you might say, merely annoyed.  Hermione, the reason I have
such a desire for life, the reason I want you to love life early,
is that I have never lived.  But in my search for the real things,
I've learned to grasp at strict honesty with myself and complete
frankness about myself with other people; it's my only hope.  When
you wished to save my reputation by saying I was in Egypt, never in
Troy, don't you see what you robbed me of?  For all of us, I'm
sure, insincerity becomes a screen between life and our souls, but
it would be particularly dangerous for me.  I am as far away as I
can get from the so-called respectable whose respectability means
only that they are afraid to live."

"I doubt if I am so beautiful," said Hermione, "that I need follow
your methods in order to make the acquaintance of sorrow.  That's
what you intimate, I suppose.  But what has this to do with my
choice of a husband?"

"You observed quite correctly," said Helen, "that my advice
differed from my conduct.  I have been explaining my conduct.  Now
let's come back to the advice.  Or rather, to your reasons for not
liking Pyrrhus.  You said Orestes is your fate.  I've expressed my
opinion of that theory, applied to Orestes or anyone else.  You
also said, if I remember, that Pyrrhus is a brute.  Just what did
you mean?"

"He has bloody hands, I think.  I don't care to marry a murderer."

"He was a terrible fighter, if that's what you mean," said Helen.
"Do you prefer Orestes because he wasn't at the war?"

"Oh, no," said Hermione.  "I mean that Pyrrhus killed Polyxena
afterward.  I know there was some story about his being obliged to
offer her up on his father's tomb, for some good reason, but that
sort of thing belongs to another age, as far as Orestes and I are
concerned.  It was plain murder, no matter how you explain it; it
was no better than the sacrifice of Iphigeneia, when the fleet was
sailing.  When I think of your hero, that big strong man you praise
to me, seizing a frail girl, dragging her to his distinguished
father's tomb, bending back her head, and cutting her throat, as we
do to the animals at a sacrifice--I hate him and everything about
him.  Do you think I could love him, and give myself up to his
arms?  I'd always think of that other girl, and wonder whether he'd
like to make a pious offering of me.  He killed Priam, too, they
say--at the last moment, when the desperate old man tried to fight.
A feeble dotard, who couldn't have harmed a child.  Pyrrhus is a
brute, and I rather think his father was too.  Achilles liked to
brain people, or cut them to pieces.  Didn't he kill a girl once--
the Amazon?  Ran his spear right through her!"

"I've often thought of these killings," said Helen, "and with much
the same horror as you express, but though there's evidently a good
deal of wrong in it all, it's hard to know what is right.  You say
you can't bear to think of sacrificing a girl as we slay animals on
the altars?"

"I certainly can't."

"But you don't object to sacrificing the animals?"

"Why should I?  It's a ceremony--that's what they're for!"

"I dare say there are people," said Helen, "who shudder at the
thought of drawing the knife across the throat of the poor sheep.
Our religion is rather bloody, anyway, don't you think?"

"I see your argument," said Hermione; "you want me to say that the
sacrifices aren't bloody, and then you'll say that Pyrrhus acted
from a religious motive, and therefore he isn't brutal.  Well, I
really think our altars are barbarous--we should have outgrown them
long ago, as we have outgrown human sacrifices."

"Many people feel that way," said Helen.  "But if we kill the sheep
for food, you have no prejudice against eating them, I know.  If
you consider meat for a dinner a cannibalistic custom, you manage
to hide your opinion."

"How foolish, mother!  Of course we eat meat.  Why shouldn't we?"

"The sheep might have an argument against it," said Helen, "but I
have none.  I merely wondered at what point you are at ease in the
presence of what you call murder.  I see.  The animal slaughtered
for religious purposes has your pity, but the one served up on your
table fulfils its destiny as something for you to eat."

"I can't follow you when you are facetious.  What am I to
understand?  Do you approve of human sacrifices?  Do you think it
was right to kill those two girls?"

"I wouldn't have killed them myself," said Helen, "yet in war men
and women are sacrificed, in quite a religious sense, to the divine
ends people think the war is serving.  Whether it is good or bad
for them to be sacrificed, I don't know.  Nobody knows.  But few
object.  If it is right to sacrifice people in war, I don't know
what argument you could make against the altars.  If you regret the
sacrifice of those girls, you are regretting merely that they
didn't exist for a few more years.  You don't know what those extra
years would have been like.  If they were to be uneventful--I mean,
inwardly so--if they were to be an unreal, unimportant number of
breaths drawn, and meals eaten, and nights slept away, without any
sense of living, then perhaps it was better for them to crowd many
deep and strong emotions into a few hours.  Don't think I'm against
your humane tendencies, Hermione; I'm merely comparing the two
girls you spoke of, sacrificed barbarously as they were, with
myself, who have missed the excitements and the enthusiasms of
life, as I just told you."

"You don't mean," said Hermione, "you wish father had killed you?"

"I was disappointed," said Helen.  "No, I didn't want to die, but I
did hope to know at least the terrors of life--and then your father
became humane, as you perhaps think, and I knew there was nothing
for it but years even less eventful than before, old age creeping
up on our dull hearts--unless I could find a vital happiness in
guiding you to a real life.  I've said enough, and there's no use
repeating it, but if you had my passion for living, all the greater
because it has been thwarted, you'd take Pyrrhus, reckless and
brutal as he seems, instead of that cautious and safe cousin of

"You would, but I wouldn't, and I won't," said Hermione.  "It isn't
simply the killing.  He has taken women home as slaves, and he has
the old-fashioned idea of a hero's rights over the women he
captures.  They say Agamemnon brought Cassandra home, and you told
me yourself you feared Clytemnestra would be jealous.  Of course
she would, though I'm sure Cassandra means nothing to my uncle.
Orestes is sure she doesn't.  But Pyrrhus is living with
Andromache, Hector's widow, and probably with the other women he
acquired at Troy.  That's the kind of hero he is, and I say he's a
brute and out of date.  Orestes sees these things as I do; I fancy
most people of our age feel the same way.  I didn't realise how
antiquated some of your notions are, mother, nor how conventional,
until you began to urge Pyrrhus on me.  I can just fancy myself as
a further edition to his large herd--and my children playing
cheerfully some day with Andromache's!"

"You are right again," said Helen--"partly right.  The part you
don't see, however, is the essence of the matter.  I hesitate to
answer you now, Hermione, for though I'm frank enough on any
subject, there are things I'd rather not speak of unless to do so
would be of service to you.  This may well be the last time we
discuss these questions; I've said all I could and told you all I
know.  Or almost all.  I'll tell you the rest now.  You'd like to
have your man all to yourself.  So would any woman who is in love--
and men feel the same way about women.  Love is very proprietary.
But you go a step further, as I've noticed in others of your
generation, and you want your man never to have cared for anyone
else.  I dare say Orestes wouldn't feel sure of a wife who had
previously lost her heart to another man.  Now, that's all
nonsense.  If the world is to act on that philosophy, there's
misery in store for lovers--all sorts of hypocrisy, and dark
secrets, and skeletons in the closet.  It's your notion of destined
mates again, but in a sillier form.  Of course, when two people
love each other--it's safer to say, while they love--the rest of
the race, for them, will not exist; in that sense you ought to have
your lover quite to yourself.  I should hate to see you married to
Pyrrhus unless you loved him passionately, and he you.  But let me
tell you this, Hermione--the man who can make a woman most happy is
the one who could love many a woman, who even has lived with
several of them, perhaps as Pyrrhus has done, and who at last
devotes all his love to her alone.  By your theory, the best
husband ought to be the man who couldn't possibly have loved
before.  Your theory is wrong.  That kind of man, you'll find,
quite frequently is incapable of loving anybody very much. . . .  I
suppose you think this wisdom of mine immoral."

"I do," said Hermione.


"So do I," said Menelaus.  "I heard that last speech of yours as I
came in; in fact, I paused on the threshold, not to interrupt it.
What sort of trash are you telling the child, Helen?"

"Truth, not trash," said Helen.  "I didn't make the world."

"There was a lot in your love-of-life talk, a while ago, that
escaped me," said Menelaus.  "I begin to grasp it now.  You think
my loyalty to you is unmanly, an evidence of weakness.  You admire
men like Achilles and his precious son!  Let me tell you this, dear
wife--if I had loved you the way they love women, you wouldn't be
here now.  That night in Troy, I would have cut your throat!"

"There, Hermione, didn't I tell you?" said Helen.  "You do begin to
understand me, Menelaus, and as time goes on, I know you better.
You didn't spare the woman you loved; you preserved me as an object
of art!"

"I don't know why I spared you, but whatever the reason, you didn't
deserve the kindness, and you don't appreciate it.  As soon as my
back is turned, you go plotting and planning to get your own way.
I can't trust you.  Didn't we make a bargain to have Pyrrhus here
and let Hermione choose for herself?  Now at the very moment when
you know I'm distracted with worry, you get the child off to one
side and try to settle the matter without me.  Fortunately, she
isn't likely to be persuaded by the kind of argument I heard.  Very
enticing prospect you held out, of a husband who might go in for
polygamy at any minute.  Hermione, my child, you may take my word
for it, your mother has the recipe for excitement, but not for

"You missed the point, as usual," said Helen.  "What you heard was
not an argument necessarily in favour of Pyrrhus, neither was I
trying to plead for the young man behind your back.  Everything
I've said might be interpreted in his favour, though if you had
come earlier you would have been convinced that Hermione interprets
everything against him.  But I was trying to tell her a few things
she ought to know about life--things she is not likely to learn
from you.  I shall continue to share with her what little knowledge
I have, whether you are present or not.  You would have been
welcome, of course, though I doubt if you would have been
interested in what we were talking about.  When I've said much the
same things to you, a number of times, you have never paid
attention.  I'm not sure that Hermione has profited, either, from
what I've told her."

"If I may judge of the rest by what I heard," said Menelaus, "you
didn't tell her anything she could profit by.  The implication I
got was your usual one, that you hoped she'd be happier than you've
been; and since your directions for picking out a husband don't
correspond to any known portrait of me, I dare say you've made it
fairly clear that you haven't been happy--not so happy as you would
have been with Achilles or Pyrrhus.  Is that a fair way to talk
about your husband to your daughter?--I ask you, Helen--if you have
a sense of fairness--is that decent or just?"

"My dear Menelaus," said Helen, "Hermione knows perfectly well that
you and I have not been happy together; it only remains to explain
why not.  Did you think it would be good taste for me to pretend we
were happy, after leaving you for so many years, and being brought
back by force?  Wasn't it reasonable to suppose that Hermione, who
inherits your subtle mind, would suspect there was some
unpleasantness between us?  There are times, I should think, when
even you, Menelaus, would prefer to face life as it is."

"There are times, Helen," said Menelaus.  "Do you know, I think
this is one of them!  You've expressed your admiration for high-
handed husbands once too often.  Now I've an idea I'd like to play
that part.  What we agreed on about Pyrrhus, I'll abide by; when he
comes, I'll entertain him; there'll be nothing said about
matrimony.  When he goes, Hermione will marry Orestes.  And I'll
listen to no more argument on the subject."

"Good!" said Helen.  "That is practically what I wanted.  My idea
was to give Hermione the liberty to choose her husband, after she
had seen Pyrrhus, but I dare say she'll want to marry Orestes
anyway, so your command will do no harm.  If by a miracle she
changes her mind and wants Pyrrhus, I understand that you will make
her take Orestes anyway.  Very well.  Of course, that's being a
high-handed parent, not a high-handed husband."

"I assume that Hermione wishes to marry Orestes," said Menelaus.
"She understands I have no notion of compelling her to marry
against her will."

"Oh, there you go, Menelaus," said Helen.  "I knew you couldn't
keep it up, but I did think you could pretend to be ferocious for
more than three seconds.  Why don't you put your foot down and say
just who is to be our son-in-law?  Tell Hermione to take him, tell
him to take Hermione and no more words about it, and tell me to
hold my tongue?  Why don't you?"

"Your ridicule doesn't disturb me," said Menelaus.  "I have put my
foot down, as you will see.  Hermione is to marry Orestes.  I shall
be civil to Pyrrhus--merely so.  I don't like him, and I didn't
like his father; now that you wish you had married one or both of
them, I like them still less.  While Pyrrhus is here, you can keep
out of sight, except at meals, and at such other times as I shall
specify.  If you don't obey me, I'll have you locked in your room
with a guard at the door.  Pyrrhus will not think it strange,
remembering your history.  I'll tell him, with some of your
frankness, that I would have treated you with more respect than you
deserved, would have restored you to your old position in society,
would have given back to you everything you threw away--but you
wouldn't let me do it.  You are an impossible case, Helen, good
enough to look at on the outside, but inwardly anything but
beautiful.  You are a born trouble-maker.  If I have to, I'll tell
him the whole story."

"Menelaus," said Helen, "when you exhibit your conception of a
strong man, I'm sorry for you.  I really am sorry.  You and your
brother always quarrelled with Achilles.  You knew he was the
bigger man, and you found excuses for annoying him.  Now, having
invited Pyrrhus to our house, at my request and for the special
purpose we three understand--I include Hermione here--you say you
will tell him all about me--you'll repeat, I suppose, some of the
polite terms you employ in the bosom of the family.  His visit, I
can see, will be full of surprises for him, but on the whole he
will enjoy it, for you will make clear how high you rate him and
how little you think of yourself.  You're quite right.  If I must
compare you two in brains, in appearance, in manners, in
achievements--you'd better lock me up.  Let Hermione see him;
that's what I wanted in the first place.  Besides, if you are to be
present, I don't know that I wish to see Pyrrhus.  I'd be too much
ashamed of you, Menelaus.  I couldn't explain why I married you, or
why I came back.  That is, of course, I could explain if the
subject were once broached, but it would be impossibly bad form to
discuss you with a guest."

"Why did you marry me, then?" said Menelaus, "and why did you come

"I made a mistake," said Helen.

"When I reflect," said Hermione, "that all this has been arranged
for my happiness, I'm greatly puzzled.  How do you two imagine I'm
to profit in any way from this visit of Pyrrhus, when I know what
you are thinking of him and of each other?  If this is the
preparation for making the right choice in marriage, I should say
there must be less wear and tear in making the wrong choice and
getting out of it later."

"You are quite right, Hermione," said Helen.  "It is useless for
Pyrrhus to come now.  I'm sorry I made the suggestion in the first
place.  I meant well, but your father misinterprets my motives, and
his mental attitude now is too deplorable for us to promise any
guest a comfortable visit.  I mean it, Menelaus; I give my consent
to Orestes; I will raise no further objections, neither in your
presence nor behind your back.  And as a final favour I ask you to
recall the invitation--send word that Agamemnon is returned, and
that business with him makes it necessary to postpone the pleasure
we had suggested for ourselves."

"You don't get off so easily!" said Menelaus.  "I see what you're
after, clear enough; rather than have me tell the whole story, and
let him report to the curious world what our relations are, you
want to head him off before he gets here.  I'll do nothing of the
kind.  Pyrrhus will come, if I can possibly persuade him to.  If
you value the liberty which is now yours, you will make no further
objection to Orestes.  And at the first opportunity Hermione will
marry her cousin."

"Oh, father," said Hermione, "I wish you'd do as mother says--don't
have Pyrrhus!  Nobody wants him now--I'm sure you do mother an
injustice--she spoke in the interest of our family peace.  For
herself, I really believe, she wouldn't mind your locking her up,
and all that--it would give her the kind of excitement she yearns
for.  But this time she's thinking of me, of all of us, and her
advice is good.  I don't want that man here!"

"I'm sorry, but it's too late," said Menelaus, "I was forced to
invite him, though I wanted him no more than you.  Now he'll come."

"Menelaus," said Helen, "I doubt if you have the right to ask
Pyrrhus here, in view of the heated arguments we've had, and the
emotions that are running high in the family now.  Some discourtesy
might happen, and he take offence at it.  He would think you were
continuing your old feud with his father--people in general would
think so--and your reputation would suffer."

"I'll take care of my reputation," said Menelaus.  "You're a fine
one to advise me how to protect my name!  Where did you learn the

"You are uncivil," said Helen, "and you've lost your temper.  I see
with regret that your judgment has deserted you.  Permit me to
suggest that a failure to get on well with Pyrrhus would raise the
question among our friends, whether there mightn't be something to
say for previous guests of yours who didn't get on well with you.
Even in the case of Paris, there were those who asked what you did
to induce such a tragedy.  You should be able to point to at least
one young man who came to you as a guest and left as a friend.
Since we can't be certain of such an end to this visit, I beg of
you not to have Pyrrhus just now."

"The only negligence I contributed in the case of Paris," said
Menelaus, "was that I trusted you out of my sight.  I shan't do it
again.  Whether Pyrrhus leaves as a friend, I don't care a fig, but
I guarantee he leaves this house alone.  He won't take Hermione
with him, and he won't take you.  If you behave yourself, there'll
be no quarrel with him."

"Have him come later, then," said Helen.  "If he comes in the next
few days, or even weeks, he may arrive just when you ought to go to
your brother.  Suppose Agamemnon sends for you in great haste; will
you answer that you'd like to go to his rescue, but you have a
guest with whom you don't dare trust your wife?  If Agamemnon needs
you, you'll have to go--you'd never forgive yourself if you didn't.
And I really shouldn't care to be left with a guest here alone,
knowing what your jealous suspicions would be for the rest of your
life.  It's best to keep yourself free for the possible emergency."

"My brother won't need me," said Menelaus.  "The more I think of
it, the surer I am.  He can take care of gisthus, or if he wants
help, Orestes is on the way."

"On the way where?" said Hermione.  "How do you know that?"

"Why, Eteoneus got in touch with him, and lent him some weapons of
mine, and he went off quite a while ago, to aid his father, if

"Oh, why didn't you go yourself to Agamemnon?" cried Hermione.
"You could have done more good than Orestes; you have experience,
and he's only--"

"If Orestes is fit for you to marry," said Helen, "he's not 'only'--
he's a real man.  He ought to go to his father--he's now where he

"I must say I believe that's right," said Menelaus, "though I
thought of going myself, too.  But I sent a messenger to see if
Agamemnon needs me; if he does, I'll go.  Meanwhile, I do think
it's a favourable moment to learn what Orestes is made of; his
behaviour now will be more revealing than any number of
conversations with your mother and me. . . .  But my first impulse
was to go, and your question leads me to consider again whether I
wasn't right.  I don't like to use my brother's danger as an
experiment to test his son.  If I had obeyed my impulse, I'd be
there now.  Your mother advised me not to."

"I did advise you so," said Helen, "but you ought not to have taken
my advice.  At least, I thought less of you for taking it.
Achilles would not have been so prudent, and I'm sure Pyrrhus
wouldn't be.  I advised you for your own safety--told you of danger
and of possible ridicule--but what is that to a man who loves his
brother, and who has the zest of life in him?  I said you'd look
foolish marching in with your troops, if Agamemnon and Clytemnestra
had made it up.  To another sort of man my argument would have
suggested how welcome he and the troops would be if the quarrel
were still on.  No, Menelaus, you have your good points, but you
can't play the part of a strong man, and everything you say and do
confirms those truths I was trying to convey to Hermione.  You've
had two crises to face--one when I went off with Paris, the other
when you knew your brother was coming home to great danger.  You
weren't equal to either.  You had all the friends and neighbours in
to help you at Troy, and now you're relying on Orestes.  You did
have some excuses in the first episode, but I don't see how you can
forgive yourself now.  Your brother may be in peril of his life,
and at the very moment you are safe at home, hiding behind a door
to hear what your wife is telling your daughter.  Your wife happens
to be advising the child to marry a real man if she can.  You go
into a rage at such transparent treachery, and threaten to lock
your wife up if ever a real man comes into your home.  This is the
exhibition of yourself you have just made before Hermione.  You
have done more than I ever could to explain why my life has not
been what she approves.  In my heart I pity you, Menelaus; I look
at you and think of the man I once loved, the character you were
never willing to become.  No woman could be so untrue to you as you
have been to your own possibilities.  Instead of being great, you
have spent your days telling yourself you were, and exacting the
respect you ought to have deserved.  You have pursued the shadow.
What I was telling Hermione should have made you go away from that
door ashamed.  If you had been man enough to kill me, that night in
Troy, I never would have eloped with Paris.  That's the whole story
of your life and mine.  If it wasn't revenge you were after, then
you had no excuse for involving so many people and ruining Troy;
you could have forgiven me single-handed.  When I speak of strong
men, it's not physical strength alone I mean.  You could have been
very strong over my eloping, and yet not lifted a finger--that is,
if you had been disposed to use your mind, and if you had had a
strong mind.  I can imagine a certain type of man, in your
situation, saying boldly that he had bribed Paris to relieve him of
an obnoxious wife--that he had had to pay him well--that he had
gone away deliberately, to make it easy--that the furniture hadn't
been stolen, it had been thrown in.  A bold statement of that sort
would have ruined Paris, and I admit it would have finished me.
But in that case you would have been committed to give me up for
ever.  You couldn't do that, could you, Menelaus?  You wanted to
brand me as an outcast, and at the same time recover me for your
wife.  I pity you.  It's too late now to play the rough hero; you
will simply remember how weak you were, and try to atone to
yourself for the memory by nagging at me, by eavesdropping, by
opposing my best plans for Hermione's welfare.  Whether you liked
Achilles or not, can't you be honest about him, and recognise the
contrast between you two?  Can't you see that he was disinterested
at Troy, until you and Agamemnon picked a quarrel with him?  How
clear his character is!  It isn't surprising that I admire him; the
terrible thing is that you don't."

"Then you think I ought to go to Agamemnon," said Menelaus.

"I advised you not to go," said Helen.

"Why not?"

"You remember perfectly well--it is dangerous to go, and there is a
chance that you'll make yourself ridiculous."

"You think that Achilles, or some fellow like him, would go even if
advised against it?"

"There are a few things for each of us, Menelaus, in which we can
take no advice.  No woman could have advised Achilles about danger--
for him it didn't exist.  And it would never occur to Achilles--
nor to anyone else--that he could be ridiculous."

"I'll go to my brother," said Menelaus.  "It's not too late to be
myself, as you say."

"There's someone at the door," said Hermione.

"Who's at the door?" said Menelaus.  "Come in!  Oh, it's you,
Eteoneus.  Why didn't you knock?  This is a private conversation,
and I don't like eavesdropping."


"I hesitated to come in," said Eteoneus.  "I didn't want to come at

"What's the matter?" said Menelaus.

"We have news," said Eteoneus, "and I don't like to tell it."

"Tell us, Eteoneus," said Helen; "don't keep us waiting.  We can
stand the news, good or bad!"

"Agamemnon is dead," said Eteoneus.

"Menelaus!" cried Helen.  She went over to him, and stood by his

"My brother is dead!" repeated Menelaus.

"I didn't like to tell you," said Eteoneus.

"Who--how did he die?" asked Menelaus.

"He was killed," said Eteoneus.  "gisthus killed him."

"Never!" said Menelaus.  "It's a mistake.  gisthus couldn't stand
a moment before my brother in a fair fight!"

"No, he couldn't," said Eteoneus, "but it wasn't a fair fight.
Agamemnon went into his house, as the trader reported to us, and
thinking himself safe at home, he took off his armour and hung up
his sword.  Then they killed him."

"They?  Who were they?" cried Helen.

"I didn't like to bring this news," said Eteoneus.  "If there had
been anyone else to send, I'd have stayed out at the gate."

"Tell us all," said Menelaus.  "Who killed my brother?"

"I believe gisthus was most to blame," said Eteoneus; "he's the
one Orestes is after now, and it may be he has already paid him
back for it.  The messenger says Clytemnestra was implicated."

"My sister, my sister!  I knew it!" cried Helen.

"Knew what, Helen?" said Menelaus.

"I knew in my heart she would murder him some day.  She's the one,
not gisthus!  Eteoneus is trying to spare me, but I'm sure that's
the fact."

"Helen," said Menelaus, "you and I have had difficult moments, and
I've said hard things about you, to your face, but I don't believe
a sister of yours would do that.  I can't believe it of a woman so
near to us, of your blood.  This murder is just the kind of thing a
coward like gisthus would plan.  If Clytemnestra had been the
leader, the murder would have been bold and dramatic.  I can
imagine her doing it in the open and boasting about it, but not
springing this dastardly trap.  My brother!  He said we should
never see each other again!"

"I think father is right," said Hermione.  "My aunt has a fearful
temper, at all times, and when she is angry, as she was with
Agamemnon, she is a downright fury, Orestes says.  This secret
murder wouldn't appeal to her; it would conceal the justice of her
cause.  If she had thought of killing Agamemnon, it would have been
by way of a public execution; she did consider him the murderer of
her child, and he really was that, wasn't he?  But stabbing him in
the back wouldn't make her case any stronger."

"There was something in Clytemnestra's character I never
understood," said Helen, "and never trusted.  She was rather
sentimental, and you might think she was soft, but underneath I
always had an unpleasant conviction she was inhuman.  I'd give
everything to know she did not murder Agamemnon, but I'm perfectly
sure she did."

"If she had done it," said Menelaus, "the people would have killed
her in revenge before this.  My brother was never what you could
call popular, in his country, but his men were devoted to him, and
they must have been around him at the time.  It's fairly clear to
me that gisthus set the snare, and now the story is afloat that
Clytemnestra helped.  That's the effect of her improper life with
him; people will naturally think she planned it."

"There's another thing, too," said Hermione.  "Clytemnestra knows
there will be some sort of revenge for this murder.  Orestes will
exact a terrible penalty from gisthus, but if Clytemnestra were
implicated, he would have to punish her too--all the murderers, in
fact.  She understands where such a deed would end."

"Orestes wouldn't kill his mother," said Menelaus; "otherwise I
agree with your argument.  I think Helen is unjust to her
sister. . . .  Eteoneus, did the messenger give you any further

"I haven't told you the details yet," said Eteoneus.  "I gave you a
mere outline."

"Then there's more?" said Helen.

"There are the details," said Eteoneus.  "The messenger says
Agamemnon went into the house, as the trader reported, and after a
while the people went away, not seeing more entertainment in
prospect.  Then Clytemnestra had them all called back, and she came
out and made them a speech.  She said she had enjoyed such
admirable relations with her neighbours that there was no reason
why she should not take them into her complete confidence.  She
had, she said, just killed her husband.  They probably knew that
gisthus and she had been living together, and considered
themselves man and wife in the eyes of the gods, if the gods had
noticed it.  She had doubted that Agamemnon would return--rather
hoped he wouldn't, for he had murdered their daughter, and she was
bound by every pious obligation, as they would readily appreciate,
to slay the murderer of her child.  She wished it understood that
she had killed Agamemnon to avenge Iphigeneia, not in order to
pursue her love for gisthus; that love, in fact, had come about of
itself as an indirect consequence of what Agamemnon had done.  She
confessed that the duty to avenge her child had been complicated by
the fact that he was her legal husband, and she had once loved him.
She confessed also that he had entirely solved her scruples by the
manner of his return; he had actually brought Cassandra home to be
his concubine.  She had therefore drawn him into a remote part of
the house, had invited him to rest, and when his armour was
removed, had killed him.  In a burst of jealousy, which she
mentioned with regret, she had also killed Cassandra.  It was clear
now, she said, that this second murder was unnecessary, but it's
hard to think of everything at the time.  She wished them all to
know, first, that she had done it herself, without aid from
anybody; and secondly, that she was proud of it and had nothing to
apologise for.  She would now take gisthus as her lawful second
husband; she had accepted no aid from him in killing Agamemnon, for
after all, the feud had to do with her daughter and not with her
love-affairs.  gisthus was entirely innocent.  If anybody was
guilty, she was, but she was inclined to think the episode wiped
out guilt instead of incurring it.  The messenger considered it
quite a speech," said Eteoneus, "and at first it was well received,
but the people began to notice, as they thought it over, that she
really was shielding gisthus, and trying to lay the blame where no
vengeance could strike.  The messenger says that Orestes will have
the people with him if he succeeds in killing gisthus, but if he
fails, they'll probably stand by Clytemnestra--she has the
situation well in hand."

"Of course she has," said Helen.  "She undoubtedly planned it all,
even the speech, long ago.  She leaves nothing to accident.  She
murdered him.  I'm glad at least she didn't pretend otherwise."

"I can't believe it, not even now," said Menelaus.  "Why, it's far
worse than I thought!"

"Or I," said Helen, "but I was prepared for whatever Clytemnestra
might do.  I grieve for you, Menelaus, and for myself; I feel as
though the blame for my family's wrong-doing ought to fall on
me. . . .  If she simply wanted to live with gisthus, she could
have gone off with him and left Agamemnon to himself.  But to sit
there at home, and eat his food, and consume his property, with
that good-for-nothing gisthus sharing it all--and then when
Agamemnon came back, to pretend an affectionate welcome, get him
off his guard, and then stab him--well, that's Clytemnestra."

"I'm amazed you are so hard on your own sister," said Menelaus.  "I
feel that way, of course, but I rather should have expected you to
defend her."

"I have my own reasons," said Helen.

"Eteoneus," said Hermione, "do you think Orestes can handle
gisthus alone?"

"I asked the messenger about that," said Eteoneus, "but he had no
opinion.  Not much is known about gisthus.  He may be a weak sort
of person, as he seems, the sentimental shadow of Clytemnestra, or
he may be the brains and the cause of the whole thing.  It's very
hard to say."

"Don't you think you'd better go and help him, father?" said

"I'm going within the hour--I made up my mind to that while we were
talking," said Menelaus.

"Where are you going?" said Helen.

"I'm going to help Orestes to have his vengeance on gisthus."

"And on Clytemnestra?"

"Dear me, no!" said Menelaus.  "We'll leave her to her guilty
conscience.  But gisthus is the villain, I do believe, all the
more because she defended him so energetically.  We'll see that he
pays for it.  I'll be back at once, in time for Pyrrhus."

"Bring Orestes back with you," said Helen, "and the wedding can
take place without further delay.  It will rehabilitate that branch
of the family, socially I mean, to have the alliance with your
daughter, and it will take the poor fellow's mind off his terrible

"That wedding can wait," said Menelaus.

"Of course it can," said Helen.  "Meanwhile, what will you do if
you meet Clytemnestra now?  Won't it be rather awkward for you to
pass the time of day while you're killing her lover?  And won't it
be still more awkward afterwards?  You ought to consider every side
of it, Menelaus.  This time I'm not urging you to avoid danger or
ridicule; I'm thinking that since Agamemnon is gone, you must
approach Clytemnestra, as the surviving parent, when you arrange
the details of Hermione's wedding, and perhaps it would therefore
be wiser to keep out of this feud--especially since Orestes seems
able to bear her wrath."

"I don't see that at all," said Hermione.  "He can't keep out of
the feud, mother; he can't talk to Clytemnestra about me, nor about
anything else, without remembering who killed Agamemnon.  He might
just as well go now and help Orestes, and I can marry without
Clytemnestra's approval--no arrangements need be made with her.  In
fact, I don't wish her approval.  I intend to have nothing to do
with her."

"You can't ignore your mother-in-law," said Menelaus.  "I'm glad
you feel about her as you do, but it will be difficult for you to
get on after you have given yourself to her son.  Do you know,
Hermione, it might be wise to reconsider the whole situation.  I
like Orestes better than ever, and all that sort of thing, but in
marriage you have to reckon with the relatives.  Marriage is a
frightfully social institution.  I have absolutely no social
leanings toward Clytemnestra."

"Father; are you going back on me, and on Orestes?" said Hermione.

"Of course I'm not," said Menelaus, "but you can see for yourself
how it is.  I could have arranged the marriage with Agamemnon, and
swallowed my prejudice against his wife, but now the wife is the
head of the house.  That's a very different matter.  I can't take
steps to marry my daughter to the son of my brother's murderer!"

"To the son of your brother!" said Hermione.

"That's all very well," said Menelaus, "but I'm considering the
other side of him.  Suppose we let the whole subject drop for a
while; Orestes is pre-occupied, anyway, and there's no hurry."

"I can't let Orestes drop, if that's what you mean," said Hermione.
"I'm committed to him--I've promised myself.  I haven't changed my
mind in any respect.  When he's ready to take me, I'm his.  I
thought you knew that, father.  I'd like to marry with your
blessing, but I shall marry Orestes.  I wish you'd help with
gisthus--but he can probably manage by himself."

"I don't think that's quite dutiful," said Menelaus.  "You ought to
listen to a parent's advice.  We used to respect our elders."

"I respect your elders, too," said Hermione, "but you are breaking
faith with me, just because Clytemnestra killed Agamemnon.  Mother
has won you over, without your knowing it.  She and her family
would spoil my life, if I let them."

"Hermione," said Helen, "that's not the way to speak to your
father.  He's quite right--you should be respectful toward your
parents.  The question isn't whether they deserve the courtesy--
nobody made you a judge of that; the question is whether your own
nature is fine enough to prefer courteous expression. . . .  And
I'd like to remind you that you have my full permission to marry
Orestes.  I pleaded with you merely to see Pyrrhus; even about that
I grew lukewarm.  Marry Orestes when you like, so far as I'm
concerned; it's for you and your father to work out."

"The only way I'll work it out," said Menelaus, "is to postpone the
whole matter.  I'll go now and do what I can to help the boy; after
that we'll see."

"You may wait, as you say," said Hermione, "but it's only frank of
me to repeat that I've nothing to gain by waiting.  I've made up my
mind, and I feel I belong to Orestes all the more because of the
trouble he's in."

"Oh, Hermione, can't you have some sense?" said Helen.  "Your
father will help Orestes now, and afterwards, just because of that
help, the wedding will follow quite naturally.  If you only wait,
you'll see."

"She won't see anything of the kind!" said Menelaus--"not
necessarily.  The relations are distinct.  If I thought they
weren't, I'd let Orestes handle the whole thing himself!  He'd
better not think I'm committed to him for life, as Hermione says
she is, just because I join him now to avenge my brother's murder!"


"You don't think he will?" said Hermione.

"I'm sure he won't," said Eteoneus.

"I don't like to think my father a coward," said Hermione, "but it
will be difficult to explain his staying at home now.  It's not
only his nephew who needs him; the murdered man is his own brother,
and decency requires him to see justice done."

"He's no coward, not in the ordinary sense," said Eteoneus.  "Your
mother dissuaded him.  You heard her do it.  When she began urging
him to go and help Orestes, so that he could arrange the sooner for
your wedding, and when she reminded him that he'd have to arrange
the wedding details with Clytemnestra, I knew there'd be no helping
Orestes, and no wedding.  I'm not one of your mother's devoted
worshippers--first and last I'm your father's man--but you have to
admit she's clever."

"That's no reason why father should not go.  He knows I can arrange
the marriage without his help; he can ignore Clytemnestra, if he

"I wonder if he can ignore her in this revenge," said Eteoneus.
"Didn't you think your mother and your father were evading that
aspect of the case?  It was half mentioned, but they didn't follow
it up.  In justice Clytemnestra ought to be punished for murdering
her husband.  Your mother doesn't wish to plead for her sister, or
seem to plead, but naturally she doesn't want her own husband to
kill her sister.  It's quite a situation.  Orestes certainly won't
kill his mother, so if anybody is to take vengeance on her, it must
be Menelaus.  What kind of mess would it be if he came home and
told us that the ghost of Agamemnon had been properly satisfied by
the blood of his murderers, Clytemnestra and gisthus?  Do you
think he and Helen could sit down comfortably to their dinner,
after that, and talk about the news of the house since he went
away?  Helen says severe things of her sister, but Menelaus knows
he had better not lift his hand against Clytemnestra."

"Eteoneus, do you think Orestes is strong enough to meet gisthus?"

"Alone, yes; but if Clytemnestra is helping her lover, Orestes
should be careful.  The combination was too much for Agamemnon.
That's another reason why Menelaus will stay here, I think.  Even
if they leave Clytemnestra alone, she's not likely to repay them by
keeping out of the quarrel; no doubt she'd be glad to stick a knife
into your father, if he came with any unkind designs on gisthus.
They ought to cut her throat first, and deal with gisthus

"How bloody-minded you are, Eteoneus!" said Hermione.  "You could
have been another Pyrrhus, if you had given your attention to it."

"I suspect you mean no compliment," said Eteoneus.  "What's the
trouble with Pyrrhus?"

"He's a brute," said Hermione.  "He doesn't mind killing women, not
a bit; in fact, if he were in Orestes' place, I dare say he'd
rather kill Clytemnestra and let gisthus go free."

"There's something to be said for that point of view; she's the
guilty one," said Eteoneus, "and she's a woman."

"Just the reason for sparing her," said Hermione.

"I know," said Eteoneus, "that's the last word in fine manners, but
I don't believe in it.  Women make most of the trouble in the
world, and it's weakness, I say, to spare them their punishment.
Otherwise they'd always be doing as they liked."

"You are talking nonsense, Eteoneus, and you know better.  Woman's
life is a succession of trouble and sorrows.  It's hard enough just
to be a woman, but men make her lot infinitely wretched."

"I don't see that at all," said Eteoneus.  "As far as I've been
able to observe, the women like the men and all their ways; they
like men to be brutes; they help to make them so.  When a woman
tells me she has a hard lot, I say, 'Haven't you, though!' or
something like that, and we're both satisfied.  It's a fiction."

"You don't mean it's a fiction that Pyrrhus treated Polyxena badly
when he sacrificed her on his father's tomb?"

"No worse than he treated the men he killed in the sack of Troy."

"But they could defend themselves!"

"So could she."

"Women are defenceless before men," said Hermione.

"Are they!" said Eteoneus.  "Clytemnestra!"

"That's a special case, and it's not what I'm talking about," said

"It's the most recent case," said Eteoneus, "and it's not without
precedent.  All women are trouble-makers."

"I wonder if Andromache thinks so," said Hermione.  "Pyrrhus
carried her home with him, his slave, and the woman who had been
Hector's wife was forced to put up with the brutal caresses of that
murderer.  They say she's going to have a child."

"Does Andromache say his caresses are brutal?" asked Eteoneus.  "If
that's an important question with you, you ought to ask her.  You
really should not talk about him until you have made inquiries.
How do you know she doesn't like him?  You say you don't want to
marry Pyrrhus because he has treated Andromache badly.  You don't
seem to know much of women, Hermione, and I dare say you are as
ignorant of men.  The real reason why you shouldn't marry Pyrrhus
is that Andromache would be jealous of you; she would probably
treat you as Clytemnestra did Cassandra."

"You don't know any more about Andromache than I do," said
Hermione, "but assuming that you are right, I repeat what I said,
that women in general have a hard time, and that men treat us so
badly we lose our respect for them."

"It can't be done," said Eteoneus.  "You can't treat a woman so
badly as to lose her respect--that is, provided you still show some
sort of interest in her."

"Then I suppose you think a woman is happy, perhaps even deeply
complimented, if one of your precious sex makes love to her, and
betrays her, and deserts her.  That sort of thing composes the
tragic story of many women, no matter how you men choose to shut
your eyes to it."

"I suppose they generally don't like to be deserted," said Eteoneus--
"that is, so long as they like the man; when they grow tired of
him, he can't desert too soon.  But generally, as I said, you women
like attention.  As to the other parts of the tragedy you sketch,
it's all bosh, Hermione.  Women aren't seduced.  I know what I'm
talking about.  They want the men and the men want them.  They both
get what they want, and as far as I can see, the men get the worst
of it."

"I'd no idea you were such a woman-hater," said Hermione.  "So hard
in your emotions!  I thought experience brought more tenderness."

"I'm no woman-hater," said Eteoneus.  "I simply happen to have some
of that experience you speak of.  You can't tell me much about

"You've never been married, I believe," said Hermione.

"Do you interpret that fact to mean I don't know anything about
women?" said Eteoneus.  "It's the proof of my wisdom."

"Oh, that's all very well for a joke, Eteoneus, but the fact that
you've avoided my sex doesn't prove you understand their feelings,
their sufferings under the treatment they receive from men."

"I suppose I'll have to speak plainly if I'm to get anywhere in
this argument," said Eteoneus, "and I'm not sure you'll like me any
better after I've spoken, but the fact is, Hermione, I belong to
the older and tougher generation which you despise; my manners
before age reduced me to gate-keeping were quite correct by the
standards of our time, but they would seem to you--what was your
word?--brutal.  I haven't avoided women.  You misunderstood me; I
avoided marriage."

"Oh!" said Hermione. . . .  "I'm sorry to say there are still a
number of men who lead that sort of life."

"Yes, a number of men," said Eteoneus, "and several women in your

"Don't you think it's wrong?" said Hermione.  "I always supposed
you didn't approve of my mother's conduct."

"Certainly not," said Eteoneus.  "All irregularities should be
punished, if society is to last, but it's natural to do it, after
all.  I tell you, Hermione, your mother's running away didn't
surprise me much; women will do anything.  What disturbed me was
your father's forgiving her."

"Did you think this way in your young wild days," said Hermione,
"when you were teaching girls to do wrong?"

"Fiddlesticks," said Eteoneus, "you can't teach women anything.
Yes, I always thought this way.  Wrong is wrong, but some of it is
natural.  I ought to have been punished, I dare say.  I wasn't.  It
would have been worth it."

"I mustn't listen to such talk," said Hermione.  "I knew there were
men who thought as you do, but I never met one before.  You make me
feel creepy all over.  Here I've known you since I was born, and
you've been so careful of us all, yet you believe in such immoral
things!  I didn't suspect it."

"Watching this family in recent years has made me think a lot,"
said Eteoneus, "about morality.  Before that, I took the world for
granted, and did what other men did--the ones I admired.  I must
say I can't see that the modern ways are very different, or come to
more satisfactory ends.  I go on the principle that women are still
what they were in my time--and men, too.  I'm sorry people try to
understand them by new theories.  Now, you say I'm immoral, and it
makes you creepy all over to hear me.  Perhaps.  But I rather think
you were interested, or you wouldn't have stayed to listen.  That's
the way women used to be.  You know how we always did after a
fight, when we had captured a town.  Your generation think it's not
civilized, but it was the correct thing when I was young, and no
one complained.  We'd kill the men, and then we'd take the women.
Most of the women I've known, I met on such occasions.  You think
that kind of adventure is cruel to the women, don't you?  Well, I
never had a girl that way who seemed to mind it very much; the
protests were merely formal.  They'd run away from you, and you'd
catch them, and carry them off to some quiet place, and--well,
that's all there was to it.  I can't see that marriage is
different, except in the length of the courtship.  And it's
perfectly fair in war, as we used to go about it; the women knew in
advance what would happen to them if their side got beaten--they'd
be married to a stranger, but he'd be the better man.  Now Achilles
and some of the youngsters behave differently, I'm told; Chryseis
was a captive, but he had nothing to do with her.  He had the right
to do as he liked, of course, but I don't see any particular
advantage in such conduct.  Pyrrhus and Agamemnon have the old-
fashioned point of view.  Agamemnon was a great man.  He made only
one mistake."

"Why, Eteoneus, according to your principles Paris was right!"

"I won't say he was wrong," said Eteoneus, "if he wanted to take so
desperate a risk.  They killed him, you remember.  The whole
episode would have been managed no differently in my day, except
that your mother would not have returned."

"You don't mean you would have had my father kill her?"

"Well, that kind of thing has been done," said Eteoneus.  "Of
course it is embarrassing to discuss the theory specifically with
your mother here.  I'm far from plotting to kill her now, though
I'm still perturbed whenever I see her--it's like living with a
dead person."

"See here, Eteoneus--you wouldn't have Orestes or my father kill

"Certainly not Orestes; that would be impious, to kill his own
mother.  If it were his wife, that would be another thing.
Agamemnon ought to have killed her.  That was his mistake.  She was

"How about the men who are faithless?" said Hermione.  "You confess
to having led what I should call a bad and a cruel life, and you
never reformed; you simply became too old to misbehave.  Why
wouldn't it have been proper for some woman whom you had deserted
to kill you?  This faithfulness shouldn't be all on one side."

"That was Clytemnestra's idea," said Eteoneus.  "That woman is
strangely modern, considering her age."

"Age!" said Hermione.  "You are tottering into the grave, Eteoneus,
with the beastliest set of ideas I've ever heard.  If you are like
Pyrrhus, my worst fears of him are confirmed.  I'm glad I belong to
another generation!"


"I've come to see Helen," said Charitas.

"She's not at home," said Eteoneus.  "Is there a message you'd like
to leave for her?"

"Not at home!" said Charitas.  "Is she ever at home?  I wanted to
see her personally.  Are you sure she's out?  She hasn't been in
once when I've called.  I must say it looks rather pointed."

"She's certainly not at home now.  She'll be sorry to have missed

"I'd like to be sure she will," said Charitas.  "Your mistress
doesn't treat her old friends at all well."

"She'll be sorry to hear you think so," said Eteoneus.  "I'll give
her your message as soon as she comes in."

"Do nothing of the kind!  I have the highest regard for her, or I
should not be here.  But I don't like to feel I wasted my time in
coming over.  The news about poor Agamemnon just reached us, and I
wanted to show her there was no change in my attitude, no matter
what happened in her family.  At such a time she ought to be at
home, one would think.  I suppose she has got a sort of habit of
being away."

"It's too bad you had the walk for nothing," said Eteoneus.
"She'll appreciate your thoughtfulness.  Lately she has been much

"Who wouldn't be, with such terrible things happening, one right
after the other!  I suppose the family sides with Agamemnon?"

"Well, Agamemnon's dead," said Eteoneus.  "I don't know what you
mean by siding with him."

"Why, he and Clytemnestra quarrelled, didn't they?"

"I never heard that they exchanged a single unpleasant word," said
Eteoneus.  "A man can die, you know, without quarrelling with his

"You know what I mean--Clytemnestra was unfaithful to him."

"Oh, that!" said Eteoneus.  "Yes, I know about that, but I doubt if
he did.  His death was so sudden, she probably didn't have time to
tell him."

"He must have known!" said Charitas.  "What I heard was that he
tried to kill her, and quite right, too, but she called so loud,
gisthus came to the rescue, and together they murdered Agamemnon."

"That's quite a story, if it were only true," said Eteoneus.  "Who
told you that?"

"It came indirectly from this house--one of your servants and one
of mine," said Charitas.  "I hoped to get the facts from Helen."

"As soon as she comes in," said Eteoneus, "I'll tell her you want
to know whether Agamemnon tried to kill her sister first, or
whether her sister just killed Agamemnon."

"Oh, is that the way it happened?  I hadn't heard that version.
Who brought the report, Eteoneus?"

"I believe some other friends called earlier in the day.  The only
thing we know is that Agamemnon died shortly after his return."

"He must have known how she was behaving, and he had a fierce
temper when he was roused, hadn't he?"

"Well, I don't know," said Eteoneus.  "I never tried to find out,
when he used to come here.  He was a very remarkable man, I always
thought.  His wife was remarkable, too, for more than her good

"Yes," said Charitas, "many thought her much more beautiful than
Helen.  The difference between them, all their lives, illustrates
how accidental fame and success are.  Everyone has heard of Helen's
beauty; few know about Clytemnestra.  Helen lived a scandalous life
with another man, and her husband has taken her back--isn't it odd?--
and Clytemnestra's misbehaviour has led to murder. . . .  You
think she didn't kill him in self-defence?"

"There's a good deal to be said for self-defence," said Eteoneus,
"only I don't know that anyone attacked her, and I didn't say she
killed Agamemnon.  He's dead.  That's what I said.  Was there any
other message you wished to leave for Helen?"

"I haven't left any message yet," said Charitas.  "Tell her I
called, of course. . . .  Eteoneus, don't you think Menelaus and
his brother had queer notions about their wives?"

"They had exceptional wives," said Eteoneus, "but I don't know
which of their notions you refer to."

"They were strangely gullible, that's what I mean.  You seem to
think, and I'm sure no one knows better than you do, that Agamemnon
came home unsuspecting.  The idea!"

"Oh, there's nothing to wonder at; wives and husbands really know
little about each other when they're at home, and they lose track
completely when one of them's away.  You, for instance, don't know
whether your husband's faithful to you."

"How dare you, Eteoneus!  I shall speak to Menelaus--you have
forgotten your place.  My husband is altogether faithful."

"I'm ready to believe he is," said Eteoneus.  "I certainly don't
want you to go home and murder him because of my remark.  Of course
he's faithful.  I was only pointing out that you don't know whether
he is or not.  You ought to understand how it was with Agamemnon.
He thought his wife was better than she was.  It's a common

"I don't know why I talk to you, Eteoneus--you are discourteous and
presuming.  I came over just to--"

"Helen will be sorry she was not at home," said Eteoneus.  "May I
send one of the girl's back with a sunshade for you?  It's warm

"Oh, Eteoneus, perhaps you can tell me--what sort of person is this
Adraste, who goes about with Helen?"

"She's Helen's personal servant, and a fine young woman, I'll say.
Helen likes them beautiful."

"I mean, what sort of character, of course.  Anyone can see the
child's good-looking.  Is she trustworthy and safe--with men, I

"Safe!" said Eteoneus.  "I should say not.  She'll probably break
more hearts than anyone you ever knew--after Helen herself.  I'm
very fond of her; she's a general favourite, even with us old
people.  Your son thinks well of her--he could give you a more
intimate account of her than I can."

"You tell me the worst!  That's what I feared, Eteoneus.  I can't
have my boy in love with that girl!  I can't!"

"Well, it's happened without your aid," said Eteoneus.  "He's in
love with her, and she with him, and mighty lucky for him, too; he
won't find another girl as fine who will have him."

"Why, she's no better than a servant!" said Charitas.

"Well, he's not even that," said Eteoneus.  "He's a nice boy, but
entirely useless, so far, and the best thing I know about him is
that she thinks well of him.  What are you worrying about?  Let
them be happy."

"I'm sure she'll get him into trouble," said Charitas.  "He is
without experience, and she hasn't lived with Helen for nothing;
she'll have designs on him."

"I've seen a good deal of wickedness in my time," said Eteoneus,
"and some think I had my share in it, but I don't know enough about
devilry to understand how that girl could get your boy into
trouble.  If I were responsible for her, I might fear your boy, but
she can't do him any harm."

"Yes, she can," said Charitas, "she can ruin his career--she can
marry him."

"There's something in that," said Eteoneus, "and yet, marriage
isn't necessarily fatal.  He'll take after his father and be a
docile husband, and with such a wife he'll have every reason to

"You speak as though the whole affair were settled."

"It ought to be settled soon," said Eteoneus.  "The gossip about
the house is that they consider themselves man and wife, and when
two young people in love begin to feel that way toward each other,
it's practically settled."

"Do you mean they are living together now?"

"I couldn't prove it," said Eteoneus, "but that's what I think, and
we all approve--that is, we feel that Damastor has won him a fine

"He has, has he?  You do, do you?  She'll never set eyes on him
again!  I'll see to that before this day is over.  I'll send that
boy to a safe place till he's cured.  I knew from the first what
would happen if Helen were allowed to do as she chose!  Menelaus
has a lot to answer for!  Of all the wicked things--to entice such
a boy into a house like this!"

"See here, that's strong talk, if you know what you're saying!"
said Eteoneus.  "Nobody enticed your son over here.  I couldn't
keep him out, though Helen told me to.  And it seems to me you'll
do a pretty mean thing if you separate them now.  The boy made love
to her and won her, and perhaps it's just the time when he
shouldn't desert her.  It wouldn't be decent of him."

"The airs you people put on in this house, talking to me of
decency!" said Charitas.  "Was it decent of Helen to bring that
girl to my home, and send her off to talk to him at the end of the
garden?  That's what she did--that's where it began, right under my
eyes!  Was it decent--"

"If you saw their love begin, on your own premises and right under
your eyes," said Eteoneus, "you must have known about it all along,
and you ought to share the responsibility with your boy for
anything he's done.  This house is all it should be--now.  I'm too
old-fashioned to like what happened some time back, but I'll stand
by the house, in all the essentials.  The young people fall in love
now-a-days, just as they used to do, and some of the old people
have forgotten what it's about.  If you take that boy away now,
I'll say you're the meanest woman I've met in a long life, and I've
met all kinds!"

"This time you've gone too far," said Charitas.  "When my husband
hears how you've spoken to me, he will have a word with Menelaus."

"He will if I let him in," said Eteoneus, "or he can learn from his
son how to come in the back way, through the servants' quarters!"




"Charitas sent her husband to complain of the way you spoke to her,
Eteoneus," said Menelaus.  "I'm sorry to say it's not the only
criticism of you that has come to my attention in the last few
days.  At this crisis, when you know how heavily burdened I am
already, it does seem as though you might refrain from questionable
ventures in deportment.  I said I wanted to speak with you, but now
that you are here, I don't know what to say.  You've been my
servant for many years.  You were the one person in the household I
used to count on for absolute propriety.  But in recent months your
tongue has been getting you into trouble.  You yourself reported
some high words with Orestes, and I had to object to your
disposition to discuss my wife.  Now our best neighbour comes in
and it's his wife you've discussed.  What has happened, Eteoneus?
And what ought I to do with you?"

"Nothing has happened to me, Menelaus," said the gate-keeper;
"nothing but old age.  I believe age has not essentially altered my
character, but if you think it has, perhaps you ought to retire me.
In the days when my conduct gave satisfaction, only the common run
of travellers stood outside your door, and only normal events
happened inside of it.  Now, as you'll admit, we have strange
visitors, and we receive strange messages, and what goes on inside
this house is new, or ought to be new, to my experience.  I doubt
if my speech has become less guarded; I should probably have made
the same comments forty years ago, if the same events had happened

"I don't like you to mention your age," said Menelaus, "and I don't
care to consider your retiring.  I know perfectly well I couldn't
replace you in your present office.  The younger servants are only
servants now--they feel no family ties.  But no matter how much I
need you, and how much I think of you, you must see what a
difficulty I'm in when complaints are made.  People have criticised
my house too much already.  My brother's death will make more talk.
If I didn't esteem you so highly, I'd send you off without a
moment's hesitation.  Instead, I ask you, man to man, what you'd do
if you were in my place."

"Well, if I were in your place," said Eteoneus, "I'd begin by
stating the precise nature of the complaint Charitas made to you."

"Her husband, not Charitas," said Menelaus.

"Oh, I understand," said the gate-keeper.

"He says you insulted his wife when she came to call on Helen.
First, you wouldn't let her in.  Then you answered her questions
rather sarcastically.  For a climax, you told her she was the
meanest woman you had ever met, and you thought you had met the
extreme examples."

"That's nearer the truth than you'd expect from an angry woman,"
said Eteoneus, "especially getting it from you, who had it from her
husband, who knew nothing about it, except what she told him.  She
asked if Helen was at home.  I said she wasn't.  That's what she
means by my not letting her in.  She's right, practically.  Helen
told me to say she was not at home, if anyone called, but she also
told me to see that Charitas didn't get across the threshold, and
Charitas suspects something of the kind.  She said Helen's
consistent absence was beginning to seem pointed.  I was doing what
I was commanded to do, Menelaus, and I did it all the more
conscientiously because I'm no great admirer of your wife, and her
orders give no pleasure."

"If Helen didn't wish to see Charitas," said Menelaus, "you
certainly should not be blamed.  But why didn't Helen want to see
her--did she give a reason?"

"Yes," said Eteoneus, "she said she couldn't bear to discuss the
death of your brother, and her sister's part in it, with curious
neighbours, and she was sure Charitas would call promptly as soon
as the rumour spread."

"H'm!" said Menelaus.  "Her feelings of reticence do her credit.
She seems to know Charitas."

"She knows her sex.  I doubt if she'd see Charitas, anyway," said
Eteoneus.  "My opinion is, she looks on the murder as the most
plausible excuse she's had in a long time for keeping Charitas out.
She has given me the same orders before, with other reasons.  This
one's by far the best."

"I wonder what has happened between them," said Menelaus.  "They
used to be friends, and Charitas is the kind of woman I like to
have Helen associated with--very steady, sensible, thoroughly

"She never told me her opinion of Charitas," said the gate-keeper,
"but I doubt if she thinks her either sensible or reliable."

"What does she think her?"

"She said once that Charitas was respectable."

"At least!" said Menelaus.

"She meant it as no compliment," said Eteoneus.  "She meant that
Charitas sticks to the conventions."

"That's compliment enough, these days," said Menelaus.  "What on
earth possesses that woman!"

"Which one?"

"My wife."

"Well, that's about the same thing as I asked you when you came
home," said Eteoneus, "and you were angry with me.  Now, if you
will tell me how to--"

"We've wandered from the subject," said Menelaus.  "You've answered
the first complaint against you.  How about those sarcastic

"I made them," said Eteoneus.  "The woman refused to go away.  She
wanted to get at the scandal, from me if nobody else would talk to
her.  I said good day several times, in several fairly polite
forms, but she stuck like a leach, and what with trying not to give
information, and what with the annoyance of being questioned, I
dare say I answered her a bit sharply."

"Do you remember anything you said?"

"I don't know that I do.  I admit I felt snappish. . . .  Oh, yes,
she wanted to know whether Agamemnon didn't attack Clytemnestra and
whether Clytemnestra didn't kill him in self-defence.  I remember I
said I'd submit the question to Helen as soon as she came in; she
would know if her sister's husband tried to kill her and couldn't,
or if the lady just killed her husband spontaneously.  Something
like that.  I recall how annoyed Charitas looked."

"It does sound impertinent, and I'm sure it's softer than what you
actually said."

"Menelaus, would you think better of my behaviour if I gossiped
with the neighbours about you and your relatives?  What I think of
Clytemnestra and what I think of your wife, is my private opinion--
I believe you suggested as much; to talk of such things to Charitas
is strictly none of my business.  She wanted gossip; I couldn't get
rid of her.  Of course she'd be dissatisfied with my most
diplomatic replies.  I could have avoided her displeasure only by
giving her the news.  I hope you told her husband that his wife had
little to do, inquiring into your affairs through your servants?  I
begin to think Helen was generous when she called her respectable!"

"Now, about the third complaint," said Menelaus.  "I'd like to get
on with this--there's something else we must talk of.  Did you call
her the meanest woman you'd met?"

"I dare say she is," said Eteoneus, "but I left her a loop-hole of
escape.  She said she would send her boy away, where he wouldn't be
contaminated by the bad customs of this house, and I replied that
if she separated him from Adraste now, she'd be the meanest woman I
ever met, and I added that my experience was wide."

"But why does she speak of getting him away from my house?" said
Menelaus.  "He doesn't live here."

"Doesn't he!  It's the only place he lives."

"You mean he's here?"

"Every minute he can be," said Eteoneus.  "Helen told me not to let
him come in, but you couldn't keep him out if there were a fifty-
foot wall round the estate."

"This is the most complicated affair I've ever heard of!" said
Menelaus.  "My home appears to be in a condition of seige.  Our one
ambition, it seems, is to repel the Charitas family.  Why did Helen
wish to keep out the boy?"

"Adraste, of course."

"What are you talking about? . . .  Oh, now I remember! . . .
Helen was afraid the girl might fall in love with him."

"There was some danger of it," said Eteoneus.

"You think the danger is past?" said Menelaus.

"Why, no!" said the gate-keeper; "it has happened--she's going to
have a child by him."

"Merciful gods!" cried Menelaus; "in my house? a child? . . .  I
call that an outrage! . . .  Is there a soul on the premises who
isn't a disgrace to society?  I call that downright immoral!
Couldn't Helen stop it?"

"She wanted to--that was her purpose in trying to keep the boy
out," said Eteoneus, "but you know how it is, Menelaus, when two
young people are in love.  You were young once yourself."

"Never!" said Menelaus, "never in that sense.  I don't understand
the point of view, though I know people who hold it.  If that's
right, I say, what is wrong?"

"Why, if they were married and the wife ran off with another man,
I'd call that wrong," said Eteoneus.  "And if the husband forgave
her and took her back, or took her back without forgiving her, I'd
call that wrong, or at least a grave error.  But these young people
are in love, and neither of them is of much importance out of love.
I worried over Orestes and Hermione for fear they might do this
very thing; in fact, I don't think much of Orestes for not
justifying my fears.  With a girl so important as Hermione, and you
told me to take care of her, it would have been serious, but I'd
like to know what's the harm if these two have done the natural
thing?  Helen doesn't like it because she thinks Damastor isn't
good enough for the girl.  Charitas is angry because she thinks the
girl isn't good enough for Damastor.  Between the two I rather side
with Helen, but really they are both wrong."

"And the girl is going to have a child--in my house!"

"Yes, and Charitas is sending her boy away, so that he may not
marry the girl, nor even see his own child occasionally," said
Eteoneus.  "I call that unnecessarily mean."

"I must see what can be done about it," said Menelaus.

"Nothing to do now but wait," said Eteoneus.

"Oh, yes, there is!" said Menelaus.  "The child can be born
somewhere else.  My house can do very well without another scandal
for a while, and I hate to think of the effect of such an episode
upon my daughter.  But to return to you, Eteoneus.  There's another
complaint against you, and your free ideas about Adraste fit in
with it all too closely.  You had a conversation with Hermione
recently.  I can't believe you said the things she reports, yet I
trust her absolutely if she says so.  About sex, of all subjects.
You told her the lawless attitude men take toward women, and the
sort of response women make to their advances, and to prove you
knew what you were talking about, you told her of your own
escapades in your youth.  Hermione says it was the most suggestive
talk she has heard, and she is profoundly shocked."

"I told her how we used to treat the women in war," said Eteoneus,
"and I implied very delicately that the women rather liked it.  Not
a word that wasn't perfectly delicate, nor a syllable that wasn't

"But we don't tell that sort of truth to young girls now-a-days,
Eteoneus.  Hermione has led a sheltered life, and I want her to
keep the innocence of youth as long as possible."

"Oh, come now, Menelaus, that's rather strong!  Didn't I tell you
when you came home that Hermione was full of new ideas, and didn't
you pretend that you liked new ideas yourself?  That was Hermione's
last chance for the sheltered life, and it was probably too late
then.  Your notion of her mind is a generation behind time.  I grew
up in the rough days, which you can remember too, if you try.  You
think Hermione belongs to the next period, when the children were
found in cabbages.  She doesn't.  Her generation are approaching
the roughness again from the intellectual and moral point of view,
and with a sense of duty.  It's not healthy and I don't like it.  A
healthy person would know what sex is for; it's not a subject for
meditation.  Do you realise how I came to be discussing such
matters with your sheltered daughter?  She brought it on herself,
speaking of Pyrrhus--she said he was a perfect brute with women,
and she proved it by saying that he was living with Andromache.
You see, she'd been interested to find that out.  She was quite
sure that men usually are bad at heart and seduce women.  She
evidently had given a lot of thought to the problem, and believed
all the modern fictions.  Wherever she got those ideas, she
certainly did not get them from me.  I might have told her much
more than I did; far from being conscious of any indiscretion, I
now admire my restraint.  I spoke only about the brutality, as she
called it, of men in war--the Ajax-Cassandra sort of thing, which
you yourself thought not so bad.  I never mentioned the way women
behave in times of peace.  I never told her that if the normally
attractive man accepted all the invitations he gets from ladies,
he'd have very little time to himself.  I merely said that the only
people who could testify as to the brutality of Pyrrhus were the
women involved, and that probably, unless human nature is changing,
they were devoted to him.  That's about all I said--along with
testimony from my own experience."

"This is very strange," said Menelaus.  "Helen was telling her the
same thing one day when I happened to interrupt her.  I wonder if
my wife has been putting these ideas into the child's head!"

"I don't think your wife would tell her that Pyrrhus is a brute,"
said Eteoneus.  "If she told her what I've just said to you, she's
almost the first woman I ever heard of who could be honest on that
subject.  But Hermione and I had talks about Orestes, as you
remember, before you came home, and she was beginning to have these
ideas then.  It's too late in the world for the kind of innocence
you're wishing for, Menelaus.  Everybody wants to know everything--
to talk about it, anyway.  Besides, if Hermione didn't pick up the
tendency for herself, she'd get it from Orestes.  I told you he was
a bad influence."

"I detect a flaw in your logic," said Menelaus.  "If it's all right
for you to talk frankly to a young girl, why isn't it correct for
Orestes to be just as frank on the same themes?  You ought to be
like Orestes--he's a man after your own heart."

"I don't like him at all," said Eteoneus.  "When I talk to Hermione
or to anyone else, I try to say what I've learned from experience.
There's an element of life in it, I hope.  That's what shocked
Hermione.  If I talk about women, because I've been pretty intimate
with a lot of them, Hermione thinks me wicked, but if Orestes with
no experience at all goes over the same ground, Hermione thinks him
wise.  Humbug!  Mark my words, Menelaus, Orestes has a dirty mind,
and he's a dangerous character.  I admit he's strait-laced--it
comes to the same thing.  His kind want to talk about everything
but not to know about it.  If a man is living like a saint, and has
the thoughts of a saint, I'll say he's a saint.  But if he's
brooding on ideas which have no connection with his life, I don't
trust his life, in the long run.  The great thing is to be all of a
piece.  I'm suspicious of Orestes, and of Charitas, and I might as
well say, of your daughter."

"If it weren't for certain differences in voice and features," said
Menelaus, "I might think it was Helen talking to me.  I never
dreamed you shared her theories of life."

"I hope I don't," said Eteoneus.  "Your wife isn't my ideal at all.
I blame her for most of the trouble that's come on us."

"Whether you like her or not," said Menelaus, "you talk much the
same way.  That is, it sounds like part of her conversations.
She's all for sincerity, you know, and her life has been mixed up
in love-affairs.  You're for sincerity too, it seems, and the
revelation of your amorous past distressed my daughter.  I begin to
see what sincerity comes to."

"That's very well so far as I'm concerned," said Eteoneus, "but you
don't understand your wife.  I'm sorry to say it, but she's too
smart for you.  The way she kept you from going off to help Orestes
was one of the neatest things I've seen.  Just an insinuation or
two about Clytemnestra, and the awkwardness of arranging the
marriage if you were implicated in the execution of her lover, and
you actually gave up the impulse to have a share in avenging your
brother!  Then another hint or two about your brother's murderess
at your daughter's wedding, and you decided against the wedding.
That woman can get anything she wants.  As long as you both live,
she will turn you round her little finger.  What I object to most
is her knack of making people feel they're wrong and she's right.
Most women have the gift, but with her it's an art.  I dare say she
made Priam think she came to Troy at considerable personal
sacrifice, and the city owed her something.  She says nothing to me--
I suppose she can guess I don't like her; but when she turns on me
that extraordinary look of hers, I feel sure she's ready to forgive
me, any time I ask it."

"Forgive you what?" said Menelaus.

"Exactly!  What?" said Eteoneus.  "I've done nothing amiss, so far
as I know.  But that's your wife's attitude.  The rest of us are
always wrong, and there's no system in it.  She is very indignant
with Clytemnestra, who wasn't proper enough, and she objects to
Charitas because she's too conventional!"

"Yes," said Menelaus, "and she doesn't like Orestes because of his
family, but she has that girl Adraste with her all the time, and
now Adraste has disgraced herself."

"I must admit I agree with Helen on the last two counts," said
Eteoneus.  "I don't care for Orestes myself, and Adraste's a very
fine girl--one of the finest women you are likely to meet."

"I'm not likely to meet her," said Menelaus.  "I've noticed her
about the house, but I never pay much attention to the women
servants.  Now I'll send her away, and protect my home as
completely as I can from this latest scandal.  Where had I better
send her, Eteoneus?"

"I'd leave it to Helen," said Eteoneus; "she'll know the best

"But Helen won't wish her to go," said Menelaus.  "It would be just
like her to keep the girl and make a heroine of her!"

"Very probably," said Eteoneus.  "In my youth men had a firm way
with women, especially with their wives; they just told them what
to do or what not to, and disobedience meant a beating.  If
Hermione would give her consent, you might try that method on
Helen.  I wouldn't advise you to do anything about Adraste without
your wife's permission, unless you really are prepared to revive
that old-fashioned kind of argument."

"I'll see Helen about it, and I'll send the girl away," said
Menelaus.  "Thank you for your anxiety, Eteoneus, but I can still
manage my own home.  I don't need your advice as to disciplining my
wife.  You'll see, Adraste will go."

"I doubt if you need me in any way," said Eteoneus.  "I'd like to
retire as soon as you can find another gate-keeper."

"Do you mean that?" said Menelaus.

"I do."

"I can't let you go till this Orestes affair is well over," said
Menelaus.  "Don't be hasty in making up your mind.  I'll tell
Charitas' husband you've made an apology which satisfies me, and
I'll guarantee your courtesy in the future.  I'll try to see that
Hermione does not hold private conversations with you.  When
Orestes returns, let me know your final decision about the gate-
keeping.  I'd be glad to have you stay on.  I should miss our
occasional differences of opinion--we've had them for many years.
You're almost the only person now with whom I can--well, never


Menelaus looked worried.  It may have been the accumulation of
domestic disaster, or it may have been that he was about to
demonstrate his ability to make Helen do what he wanted, but
whatever the reason, he was haggard and suddenly old.  He walked up
and down several times, without any gain of confidence.  Helen
seemed prepared for something.  She had an indefinable air of being
amused.  She never looked better.

"I'd like to talk with you about two matters," he said.  "One of
them I think will please you.  Pyrrhus accepts your invitation."

"Your invitation," said Helen.

"Well, he accepts the invitation, and will shortly be here.  He
probably is on the way now.  I hope you are satisfied!"

"What about?"

"You are having your own way, aren't you?  A fine time to entertain
him, with our household so--upset!"

"There couldn't possibly be a worse time," said Helen.

Menelaus walked up and down some more.  He would pause in front of
Helen, as though to give her his opinion, then he'd think better of
it, and walk on.  Helen looked a little sorry for him.

"Menelaus, you remember you invited Pyrrhus of your own accord--
indeed, against my expressed desire.  I suggested the visit, of
course, and I even hoped Hermione and he might be interested in
each other.  When you discouraged that idea, I contented myself
with the wish that Hermione at least might meet him, even though
she chose Orestes.  But when I saw how impossible it would be to
receive him hospitably, I begged you to postpone the visit.  You
wouldn't listen to me, and now you are sorry he is coming.  But I
shall do my best to entertain him, and he probably won't stay

"On the contrary," said Menelaus, "if you do your best to entertain
him, he probably will never leave.  That's what I've been afraid
of, all along.  I think you had better keep in the background as
much as possible and perhaps Hermione had better, also.  I'll
entertain him.  The more I know of the men of the younger
generation, the less I care to see my daughter with them.  I'll
entertain him, and I'll see that he goes home soon.  The recent
tragedy, in which your sister figured, will give you an excuse for
secluding yourself."

Helen smiled at him, and he took to walking up and down again.

"Seclusion for me, certainly, but why for Hermione?  She has been
too much secluded already.  The point of this visit, which seems to
embarrass you, was merely to give her another idea of the world, to
widen her acquaintance beyond this small place.  I have entire
confidence that even in my absence you can protect her from
whatever danger there is in a few conversations with Pyrrhus."

"Quite true," said Menelaus, "but I foresee awkward possibilities.
If Hermione should by chance fall in love with him now, Orestes
might think I had Pyrrhus here for that purpose."

"You can always lay the blame on me, you know," said Helen.

"But Orestes is going to be angry anyway when I tell him he can't
marry Hermione," said Menelaus, "and I want to keep the debate on a
high plane--on the question of principle.  My daughter can't marry
the son of a woman who killed her husband.  If Orestes hears that
I'm trying to marry Hermione to Pyrrhus, he'll say my objection to
the murder is just a device to break his engagement and win a more
celebrated son-in-law."

"I don't see why you have to fear what Orestes thinks," said Helen.
"After all, Hermione doesn't belong to him.  He has done nothing to
justify his pretensions to her hand, if indeed he wishes to marry
her.  Have you thought of that?  Hermione wants him, but you and I
have no reason to think he reciprocates.  Treat Pyrrhus as you
would if Orestes did not exist; it's the courteous way, and the
only self-respecting."

"I wish I hadn't asked Pyrrhus!" said Menelaus.  "Do you think it's
too late now to postpone the visit?"

"Can the messenger reach him before he starts--or shortly after?"
said Helen.  "It wouldn't do to turn him back from your very door.
If you could get word that your brother is dead, and that my sister
killed him, Pyrrhus won't want to come, anyway, and he'll
understand why we can't have him at present."

"I'll do that," said Menelaus.  "I never wanted him, and it's not
too late if the messenger hurries. . . .  There's another thing,
Helen.  I hear that one of your girls in the house has been

"None of them, so far as I know," said Helen.

"Yes, what's her name--Adraste--is in trouble."

"If you call it misbehaving," said Helen.  "Trouble is the more
accurate word.  A very respectable young man in the neighbourhood
has been making love to her."

"Damastor, isn't it?  You told me something about the affair a
while ago."

"Yes," said Helen, "it's Damastor."

"A very decent sort of boy, I've always thought.  I didn't imagine
he'd do anything improper."

"He wouldn't, in a direct way, but he has plenty of what you might
call negative meanness.  He made love to Adraste, as I say, and
persuaded her that they were soul-mates, with vows of eternal
faithfulness, and promises to marry her.  A very old story.  He
meant it all--he's not a bad boy.  But his mother has sent him out
of harm's way, as she puts it, and he has allowed himself to be
sent.  In plain words, Adraste is deserted."

"You mean she has been living with him?"

"She will have a child very soon.  I'm trying to cheer her up all I
can.  She's little more than a child herself; I wish she had been
spared this early cruelty."

"I wish she had left that boy alone!" said Menelaus.  "Didn't you
know this scandal was going on?"

"This what?" said Helen.

"Scandal!" said Menelaus.  "The word is familiar to you.  A woman,
employed in my house, misbehaving with the young son of my old
friend and neighbour!  It's no time for another scandal; my
reputation can't stand it!"

He took to walking up and down again, and Helen looked past him,
out toward the garden, as though he were not there.

"You ask me if I knew what was happening," she began.  "I knew they
were in love, and as I said to you, you remember, I feared it would
end badly.  I advised Adraste not to lose her heart to Damastor if
she could help it.  She couldn't help it.  The boy would not have
run away if his mother had not compelled him.  In my judgment
Charitas is the scandalous person.  If she had kept her hands off,
there would have been an imprudent marriage.  Thanks to her
meddling, there is a clandestine love-affair and an illegitimate

"Good heavens, is the child here already?" said Menelaus.

"Not yet," said Helen.

"Then before it's too late we'll send the girl to some place where
the child can be born without involving us.  Afterwards I'll
provide for it's support so long as they stay away.  Have you any
place to suggest?"

"None," said Helen.  "And it's not necessary.  This is really the
most convenient place I know."

"I don't think you understand me," said Menelaus.

"Perhaps I don't," said Helen.  "I thought you asked me if I had
any place to suggest where the child could be born without
involving us.  There is no such place.  I am responsible for
Adraste, and she depends upon me for comfort--even at that, she is
in despair over Damastor's deserting her.  In ordinary decency I
am, in a way, involved.  You are, too, I should say."

"You never were more mistaken in your life," said Menelaus.  "I
have no responsibility in the matter, and I know what I am about
when I say that the child should not be born in this house.  It
will do Hermione no good to become accustomed to such events in a
supposedly well-ordered home.  She is full of rather advanced ideas
already, and her environment should be more normal rather than less

"If Hermione were to talk with Adraste now," said Helen, "she would
see in the poor girl no encouragement to vice, no possible
inducement toward indiscreet conduct.  She might even learn from
Adraste, in her present despondent mood, to avoid love altogether,
and to distrust all men."

"You think first of Adraste," said Menelaus.  "I am thinking of
Hermione.  Our daughter is entitled to a quiet and respectable

"Then it's well you have abandoned your support of Orestes!" said

"A thoroughly respectable home, and a certain amount of what is
usually called innocence.  It's wrong to force the ugly facts of
life on a young girl's attention; they'll come soon enough of
themselves.  I'm sorry, but Adraste must go.  It's very

"Very!" said Helen.

Menelaus stood looking at her a moment.  "Well," he said, "I didn't
like to speak of it, and I'm glad you don't oppose me."

Helen looked up at him, very steadily.  "How could I oppose you,"
she said, "in any generous and proper intention?  I assume that
Adraste will stay."

"I have just told you with the utmost positiveness, that she will
not stay!"

"I am sure you will change your mind," said Helen, "I have complete
confidence in you."

"No," said Menelaus, "on other occasions I have given in to you,
but this time I can't.  I've made the decision."

"Have you?" said Helen.

"I say I have!" said her husband.

"Then you have, and no doubt of it," said his wife.

"I'm glad you see it my way," said Menelaus.  "I thought you

"Menelaus, you thought nothing of the kind!" said Helen.  "You knew
I should never agree to sending the girl away.  I never shall.
Adraste remains in this house as long as I do."

Menelaus hated to believe his eyes; she was laughing at him.

"If you make me angry," he said, "I'll have that girl carried out
and thrown into the street!"

"I don't wish to make you angry," she said, "but I doubt if you can
get anyone to execute your amiable commands.  The household are all
fairly kind-hearted, and Adraste is exceedingly popular with them."

"Take your choice," said Menelaus.  "Either you will aid me in
sending that girl to a place we agree on, or I'll have her put out
of this house!"

"I dare you to!" said Helen.  "Now, that's a fair challenge!  Your
men wouldn't lay a finger on that girl.  I defy you to give the
order.  They will think you have gone crazy, and I will tell them,
quite sincerely, that I think so, too.  It will make a stir, won't
it, though!  And you wished to avoid further notoriety!  Wouldn't
it be rare justice if Pyrrhus came along just as the heroic
Menelaus was throwing out into the street a sick and helpless girl,
about to become a mother!  You could explain it to him afterwards,
couldn't you!  You could say it was a belated but needed house-
cleaning.  The servants, you could say, were beginning to behave as
badly as the gentle folk, and since you couldn't reform your
relatives, you had decided to discharge the domestics.  I wish
Achilles could hear that!"

"Very witty, I'm sure," said Menelaus, "but you can't talk me out
of it.  Adraste can leave quietly, or if she insists on staying
where she isn't wanted, I'll have her put out!"

He waited for Helen to speak, but she said nothing.  She looked
calm and much at her ease.

"You can't prevent me, you know, if I've made up my mind."

"If I wished to prevent you," she said, "I'd simply ask the men not
to do it.  I'd explain your temporary insanity.  I'd remind them
that even when you are yourself you have little respect for the
proprieties--as when you cut short those sacrifices at Troy.  The
men still talk about that sojourn on the island and in Egypt.  But
I should not try to prevent this madness, if you were determined
upon it; you are your own master, and I should let you go to your

"Now see here, Helen," said Menelaus, "what will you do with
Adraste if she stays?  She won't be of any possible use to you,
with a baby to look after, and there's no future for her when the
child grows up."

"She'll be a companion always--she's one of the best, and I like
children," said Helen.  "She'll be a daughter in the house when
Hermione marries and leaves us."

"Hermione isn't going to marry very soon," said Menelaus.  "She
won't have Pyrrhus, and I won't have Orestes."

"But Hermione will, I think," said Helen.  "She's going to marry
Orestes.  Didn't you know that?"

"I didn't and I don't," said Menelaus.

"Well, she is," said Helen, "and you might as well make up your
mind to it.  I don't want it any more than you do, but we can't
stop it.  I found that out talking to her.  That's why I gave up
hope of Pyrrhus.  You opposed me, but you would have come round in
time.  Hermione's state of mind made it impossible."

"She shan't marry Orestes!  I've forbidden it!"

"You've done all you could," said Helen, "and she will now do
what she likes.  Don't worry about having to negotiate with
Clytemnestra; I'm sure Hermione will tell us some day they're
already married--or she'll tell me I'm to be a grandmother.  I
shan't ask you to throw her out of the house."

"Helen, I'd like to meet you half-way," said Menelaus.  "You were
right about Orestes, when I still believed in him.  I'll join you
in preventing his marriage to Hermione if you'll arrange with me to
get Adraste off somewhere to avoid talk.  People like your
neighbour Charitas--"

"In this case Charitas won't talk," said Helen.  "You forget she is
hiding the missing husband.  As for Hermione, I meant what I said--
we are powerless.  But whether we are or not, I stand by Adraste.
It's a point of honour.  I love the girl, and she is in trouble.
After all, Menelaus, don't you think it's too late?  You are a kind
man, and naturally easy-going, and you've put up with too much to
discover a shocking scandal in this wretched little tragedy.  You
took me back, and you've done nothing to avenge your brother's
death.  I'm not complaining, of course, but after those exhibitions
of magnanimity you are not convincing when you improvise righteous
indignation over Adraste and her child.  Now, if you don't think
it's too late, you may change your character, become quite firm,
and rule us with a rod.  Put Adraste out, lock me up when Pyrrhus
comes, see to it that Hermione doesn't marry Orestes.  There were
to be other penalties, weren't there, if we didn't obey you?
Impose them all now, Menelaus, for if you are cruel to Adraste I
shall become your implacable enemy.  My family has a gift for hate--
though until now I never cultivated it."

"I dare say you could emulate Clytemnestra if you wished," said

"My dear husband, if I wished, I could surpass her!  Clytemnestra
was crude and unnecessarily vulgar.  But I shan't become your enemy
unless you force the issue--and only for a principle, never for a
lover.  I want to keep the debate on a high plane."

"I hope I may be able to discern the difference when you stick the
knife into me," said Menelaus.  "Meanwhile, I'll take my chance.
Adraste is to go; that's understood.  You and I are to be mortal
enemies; that's understood also.  Do you mind telling me just how
the war between us is to begin?"

"There are several possible ways," said Helen.  "You might kill
me--consider Troy merely postponed.  That would be rather neat;
Agamemnon's brother getting even with Clytemnestra's sister!  Or
you might carry out your threat and tell your men to put Adraste on
the street.  If they disobey, you might carry her out yourself.  I
advise the first course."

"And I dare say, in your present resigned mood, you'll wait for the
fatal blow to fall."

"Yes," said Helen, "unless Pyrrhus arrives first."

"Ah, that's it, is it?  What will he do for you?"

"I suppose that depends on what I ask him to do, and that, of
course, depends on what you decide to do. . . .  Oh, Menelaus,
what's the use of this half-hearted quarrelling?  You won't do
anything unkind to Adraste, I know perfectly well, and I understand
the embarrassment her plight causes you.  I'm sorry!  If I let such
things bother me, I should be embarrassed too, for people will say
my bad example led her to do wrong.  As things have turned out, I'm
sorry I asked you to have Pyrrhus; you invited him because I wanted
it, and now I own it was a mistake on my part.  But wouldn't you
say all this is a small matter, in comparison with what you and I
have on our hearts?  When I think of my sister, of our girlhood, of
what she has done, Adraste's predicament seems far from the worst
of tragedies.  Meanness and treachery are the tragic thing, aren't
they?  And seeing life out of proportion.  Let's be friends, dear
husband!  Why should it be unpleasant to remember that once we were


"Is mother here?" said Hermione.  "Oh, there you are!  Father, the
most terrible thing has happened, and I want to tell you of it in
mother's presence.  Adraste, that girl, is going to have a child!"

"I know it," said Menelaus.

"You know it?  And you can let such a thing happen in your house,
and be so calm about it?  I was blaming mother in my thoughts as I
hurried home--but you knew about it all the time!"

"Hermione, you shouldn't speak so to your father," said Helen.
"This is not the first occasion I have had to object to your

"There are worse things in this house than my manner," said
Hermione, "and even if you and father don't feel outraged by them,
I do.  If that girl is to remain with us, after this disclosure, I
decline to live here."

"Where will you go?" asked Helen.

"I don't know--perhaps to Orestes, as my duty seems to call me.  I
may be of use to him--I can be of no use here.  I've tried to be
loyal and respectful to both my parents, but we are comparative
strangers, and our relation is essentially false.  Your affairs are
more and more tangled and, I should say, hopeless, but they seem to
be what you want.  The honest thing for me to do is to marry
Orestes at once, and begin over again, in the simple and usual way
of sane people."

"That kind of talk is very distasteful, daughter," said Menelaus.
"I don't refer to your manner toward me; the distressing thing is
your lack of sympathy for people in difficulties.  Your mother and
I have had great sorrows recently, for which we were not
responsible--scandalous sorrows.  Fortunately, we can bear them
without your help, but if you were as normal as you say you wish to
be, you would be sorry for us, not take us to task.  Adraste is the
latest.  I'm not responsible for her, as you would have known had
you waited a minute--"

"Then prove it," said Hermione.  "Put her out of the house!"

"You mean, just put her out, to starve or die of suffering?" said

"Yes, that's what I mean!" said Hermione.

"At times, as I've always remarked, you resemble your aunt," said
Helen, "but I never saw the likeness so strong."

"The resemblance doesn't interest me, and I can't admire your
attempt to divert the conversation," said Hermione.  "This
revelation of the conditions in our house has put me beyond
patience.  It was bad enough when you went to Troy with Paris, and
bad enough when you returned and insisted that you had been there,
and had done all the wrong attributed to you; even at that, the
scene of your exploits was far away, and people didn't need to
believe the worst unless they wanted to.  But that girl has been
misbehaving here, where you can't keep a secret from the
neighbours.  Ever since she came she has been flirting with
Damastor, a nice boy thoroughly unspoiled, until she led him
astray.  I don't see why we should lend our good name--I won't lend
mine--to shelter her and her vulgar instincts!"

"Have you talked with her since you heard the news?" said Helen.

"I wouldn't be seen talking with her!"

"Then do it surreptitiously.  You could profit by it--any of us
could.  You can't imagine yourself in her place, can you?
Abandoned by a man you trusted--Orestes, for instance--and become
a theme of household gossip?"

"I certainly can't imagine myself," said Hermione.  "You can't
imagine me either!"

"I shan't try to," said Helen.  "The point I would make is that
until the thing happened to her, Adraste, like you, could not
imagine herself caught in such misery.  That's life, daughter.
Most of us are hard on others because we are unimaginative."

"Did you warn her of this possibility when you were telling her to
cultivate the love of life?" said Hermione.

Menelaus laughed.

"I warned her against the love of Damastor," said Helen, "just as I
tried to teach you the love of life, and advised you not to love
Orestes.  You both, in different ways, thought you knew better than

"There's some difference between Orestes and Damastor," said

"But not nearly enough," said her father.  "I agree that Adraste
ought to go into some sort of retirement, away from the publicity
she has here; I was talking it over with your mother when you came
in.  I was telling her also that Pyrrhus has accepted our
invitation, and will soon arrive.  We are thinking of postponing
the visit.  But if he does come, I want you to entertain him with
the best courtesy of the house.  You won't need to see too much of
him, but he must go home thinking well of us.  That is, if he

"I'm glad there's a chance of his not coming," said Hermione.  "I
don't care to see him.  Eteoneus understands him, and Adraste, and
mother, but I have nothing in common with his type.  In fact, I
won't see him, even if he does come!"

"You will if I tell you to!" said Menelaus.

"Father, don't tell me to," said Hermione.  "I'd hate to disobey
you, but nothing could induce me to talk to that man.  Every word I
said would seem disloyal."

"Disloyal to whom?" said Helen.

"To Orestes.  Father ought to tell Pyrrhus I'm engaged to Orestes.
Pyrrhus, I feel, is looking for a wife, and in every moral
obligation I'm practically a married woman."

"We might as well straighten this out, once for all," said
Menelaus.  "You're not married to Orestes, are you?"

"Not yet," said Hermione.

"And I won't insult you by asking whether you have ignored the
legal ceremony, in Adraste's fashion.  Very well.  Please
understand that unless circumstances greatly change, we don't
consider Orestes an eligible husband for you.  We have abandoned
all idea of that match.  You are pledged to nobody.  And if you
meet Orestes secretly, without my permission, I'll call him to
severe account, and you too!"

"Menelaus," said Helen, "don't you think we are going about this in
the wrong way?  You and I don't wish Hermione to marry Orestes, but
it's no use forbidding her to do so.  She's not a child.  In fact,
she may soon develop the traits of a spinster.  And if you make
threats, you'll have to keep them."

"Of course I'll keep them!" said Menelaus.  "Up to date I've been
too mild, but I've learned my lesson.  You always do what you like.
Now if Hermione begins to imitate you in that respect, I see the
last vestige of a good home disappearing."

"I'm not imitating mother--it's unfair even to imply such a thing,"
said Hermione.  "I merely keep my word with the man I'm formally
engaged to.  I'm trying to stand somewhat for the proprieties."

"Humbug!" said Helen.  "You don't mean what you say, or you don't
know what you're saying.  If you are resolved to marry Orestes in
order to illustrate a propriety, stop now.  The man will not want
propriety--he will ask for love."

"I hardly need to say that I love him, but I do need to remind you,
mother, that with Orestes and me love is not necessarily a contrast
to propriety.  Let me say I'm trying to stand for what I've always
admired.  I haven't changed, and I can't say you have, but father
has.  A few weeks ago he agreed with all my sentiments; now he
agrees with yours.  Quite within his rights, to agree with you if
he can.  But I ought not to be persecuted just because I refuse to

"Yes, in the last few weeks I've adopted another attitude toward
Orestes," said Menelaus, "and if you can't see why, I'm sorry for
you.  You think your mother's influence caused the defection.  Your
sense of what is proper permits you to overlook the fact in the
last few weeks Orestes' mother has murdered my brother.  That would
strain even the friendliest relations.  You have very little
delicacy of sentiment, Hermione, or you wouldn't be so ambitious to
marry into that family."

"I've delicacy enough to be sorry for the murder, but--"

"Well, I'm thankful you go even so far," said Menelaus.

"If you're sarcastic, I shan't continue!" said Hermione.

"Don't continue," said Helen.  "Enough has been said.  But I'd like
to ask you a question--coming back to Adraste.  When you entered
just now you told us you had hurried in as soon as you heard the
news.  Who gave you the news?"

"Charitas," said Hermione.  "She wasn't gossiping; it came about in
the most natural way.  I looked in there for a minute, and she had
to explain Damastor's absence.  She feels very bitter about the
whole thing.  It seems you took Adraste there one day, and she saw
the boy."

"Helen," said Menelaus, "you assured me that Charitas wouldn't

"I underrated her sense of the proprieties," said Helen.  "So she's
the one who gave you that character-portrait of Adraste!  Did she
imply in any way that Damastor may have collaborated in wrong

"Certainly not!" said Hermione.  "You can't blame a mere boy, in
the hands of such a person.  That kind of woman can do what she
likes with a man."

"Oh, I don't know!" said Menelaus.  "It depends on the man."

"And on the woman," said Helen.  "Continue, Hermione--what else did
she say?"

"She says you brought it all about.  When you first came home, she
says, you called on her--"

"I called on her!"

"And you gave a frank statement of your ethical theories in such
matters.  If she had understood how entirely you meant it, she
says, she might have been on her guard.  You told her that Damastor
ought to fall in love with the first pretty girl he met, and you
had Adraste along at the time, to ensnare him."

"As much as to say that Adraste was the first beauty he met.  Not
counting you, of course.  On that same occasion Charitas told me
Damastor was interested in you."

"She couldn't have told you that--he never was."

"Well, what else did she say now?"

"That's the substance, I think--she elaborated it."

"She probably has forgotten one or two things I told her," said
Helen.  "I pointed out that her desire to keep Damastor respectable
would probably make him immoral.  She didn't mention that?  Very
odd! . . .  What purpose does she think I could have in seducing
her son through Adraste?"

"I'd rather not answer that question," said Hermione.

"Answer it just the same," said her father.  "That interests me."

"Well, she gave practically the same explanation as you did,
father, when we were talking a while ago; she said it was mother's
age.  Women of a certain type, she said, try to exercise their
charms vicariously as they grow older."

"That sounds like Charitas, but not like your father."

"He said just that--didn't you say it?"

"He never said it, and he doesn't think it," answered Helen.  "In
fact, if Pyrrhus comes, he desires me to keep to my room.  In your
father's eyes I may some day be vicarious, but not yet."

"That was my idea," said Hermione.  "I told him that."

"Of course I'm flattered to have you women arguing about what I say
and think," said Menelaus, "but at the moment I'm more interested
in what Charitas says.  I'm getting a picture of my household from
the outside."

"She didn't speak of the household," said Hermione; "only about
mother, and of course about Damastor and that girl."

"We know what she said about the girl.  What provision will she
make for her grandchild?" said Helen.

"For her what?"

"There's going to be a child, and Charitas is its grandmother.
Haven't you visualised the whole situation?  Charitas has--that's
where the sting lies.  Her mind runs on age because she's a
grandmother first."

"Oh, no, you're wrong, she doesn't think of it as her grandchild;
she spoke of it as though--well, as though it were a disease.  I
doubt if she will provide for it."

"I thought she wouldn't," said Helen.  "Your father and I shall
have to, and perhaps it's as safe for the child."

"I'll do nothing of the kind!" said Menelaus.  "I told you Adraste
must leave the house--Hermione, I was telling your mother that when
you came in."

"Yes, he was.  You see, my daughter, how improper it was of you to
address your father as you did.  He was agreeing with you entirely.
We haven't had as much murder as we'd like; you and Charitas and
Menelaus, the three props of society in our neighbourhood, all wish
to kill Adraste and her baby.  I am holding out against you for
their right to live.  But I'm not committed to keeping the girl
here, if another arrangement would be better for her.  I can think
of one such arrangement.  She ought to be with Damastor.  If
Charitas will tell us where she has sent Damastor, I'll send
Adraste there at once."

"She'll never tell you!"

"Probably not, but I can't see why she won't, daughter.  I'm no
judge, you will say, but the kind of respectability that recommends
itself to me, would send the girl to her lover, and permit them to
marry.  You approve of marriage?  That's what these young people

"I never thought of that," said Menelaus, "but it's an excellent
suggestion.  If we could get them married--and away from here--I'd
say we were well out of a bad business.  I wonder if it could be

"Very simply," said Helen.  "Hermione has the confidence of
Charitas, it seems.  I'll keep out of the negotiations.  Let
Hermione go to Charitas, as from you, with the promise that if she
will tell us where the boy is, we will send Adraste there, at our
own cost, see that they are honourably married, and give them
enough to start life on together, in some distant place where no
gossip will attach to them."

"That's the thing!" said Menelaus.  "I'll do that."

"But can't you understand Charitas' point of view?" said Hermione.
"She wants to separate them for ever.  Adraste will never make
Damastor happy--a woman of that kind; if Charitas had wished to see
him married to her, she wouldn't have sent him away.  Your plan
would be admirable for Adraste, but it would do nothing for

"Wouldn't it do something for Damastor?" said Helen.  "He loves the
girl, and I presume Charitas loves him somewhat--it can't be all a
question of wounded pride."

"Charitas will never tell where Damastor is," said Hermione.

"I'm half afraid you are right," said Helen, "but I want you to
carry the message from your father, just the same.  We shall have
done what we could for the young people, and we shall have assumed
responsibility for what happened in our home, though I personally
do not condemn Adraste and Damastor as you do.  If Charitas won't
meet us half-way, the responsibility will then be hers, and you
will have an opportunity to learn something of human nature."

"I'm sorry," said Hermione.  "I know without asking that Charitas
won't do what you want--and really, I don't care to ask her."

"Why not, pray?" said Menelaus.

"I think she is right in sending Damastor out of that girl's
influence.  It would not be for his happiness to marry her."

"Doesn't he love her any more?  And oughtn't people to marry if
they love each other?" said Helen.  "You ought to be giving me the
arguments I'm urging.  I'm such a liberal that I begin to seem
conservative.  If people do wrong, they ought to mend and do right--
you still think so, don't you?  You think people ought not to live
together if they're not married.  I hope you think people ought to
marry if they love each other, and not otherwise.  Well, let us
give Damastor and Adraste the chance to conform to society, even
though it's a bit late.  They wish to conform."

"I don't know that they do," said Hermione.  "Charitas has no
confidence in Adraste, and neither have I."

"You don't know Adraste very well.  But look at it from Damastor's
point of view.  When you were talking about Pyrrhus and what you
called his brutalities, I thought you condemned the men who
abandoned women.  Damastor didn't abandon Adraste, but his mother
has produced the same effect by abducting him.  Wouldn't it be well
if Charitas now gave him the opportunity to act as I suppose he'd
like to--as a loyal man?"

"I don't agree with you," said Hermione.

"I'm shocked at you, Hermione," said Menelaus; "I'm really shocked.
You told me that you and Orestes are practically married, that
nothing must be allowed to separate you.  Adraste and Damastor are
more married than you are, yet you think they should be kept apart
at any inconvenience to them or to others."

"There's no parallel between these people and Orestes and me," said
Hermione.  "We have done our best to lead good lives, whereas
Adraste and Damastor have been purely selfish--if I must say it
right out, they have been sensual and beastly.  I have felt for a
long time that our home was deteriorating, but I never thought it
would come to this, that you and mother would countenance
impropriety of a gross kind, and would even ask me to aid the
culprits.  Mother repeats her sneers at the respectable, but worse
than anything she says is the lax attitude you both take toward
ordinary morals.  Damastor should never have had anything to do
with that girl, but since he made one mistake, I admire his
mother's resolution to prevent him from repeating it.  My contempt
for Adraste I cannot express.  I will do nothing to cover over her
faults and restore her to a place in society which she does not
deserve.  And if she is to remain here, I repeat what I said when I
came in--I will not stay in the same house with her!"

"You give up your parents as hopeless, do you?" said Menelaus.
"You pretend to judge me, burdened as I am with this and many other
problems, yet you will not do what I ask to relieve one of them?
Who is selfish now, I'd like to know?"

"You are," said Hermione.  "You and mother have piled up one
difficulty after another for yourselves, and you wish me to help
you out even at the loss of my self-respect and the sacrifice of my
principles.  It would do no good for me to speak to Charitas, and I
should have lost the reputation I enjoy--the only member of the
family--for acceptable behaviour.  Don't think I'm without
affection for you, or that I relish the idea of leaving my home for
such a reason as this.  But I have a right to be myself.  People
who talk most about leading their own lives--people like mother--
usually have to involve others before they get through."

"You break my heart," said Menelaus; "I've done nothing, and asked
you to do nothing, which would justify such talk as this.  If you
wish to leave this house, do so.  I'll have a talk with Orestes as
soon as I can.  He ought to know about this from our point of view.
You'll give him your own version."

"Hermione," said Helen, "you didn't want to marry Damastor, did

"I certainly did not!"

"I never could understand why women are so jealous of men they
don't themselves want to marry," said Helen.  "Nor why murder is
easier to forgive than beauty."


"May I come in?" said Eteoneus.  "I don't wish to interrupt, but I
notice that the whole family is here, and I prefer to tell the news
to you all at once."

"News about what?" said Menelaus.

"About Orestes."

They looked at him and were silent.  He waited for a question to
help him out, but at last he had to go on by himself.

"It's partly good news, and partly bad.  In the first place, the
young man has avenged his father's death.  He has killed gisthus."

"That's good!" said Menelaus.  "I thought Orestes could manage it
alone, and there's a special satisfaction when the son can take
care of his father's memory; it shows the line hasn't run out.
That's very good news, Eteoneus."

"You usually give us the outline first and the details afterwards,"
said Helen.  "May we hear the details?"

"The messenger says that gisthus has been growing nervous over a
possible attempt at revenge; he couldn't learn where Orestes was,
and he lived under the unpleasant possibility of a knife in his
ribs at any moment.  Clytemnestra stood the strain very well, or
perhaps she didn't feel it, but at last gisthus rather went to
pieces.  He took to religion.  Every morning he would steal out to
the domestic altar--you remember the place, Menelaus, where your
brother smoothed off a few rocks for the family devotions; and
there gisthus would sacrifice a small animal, and ask for
protection till the next dawn.  Clytemnestra never joined him, the
messenger says--she put no trust in sacrifices.  So the unhappy
king used to slip out there alone, before his morning's duties
began.  Orestes waited round the place in hiding till he had
learned about this habit of his enemy.  Then one morning when
gisthus was watching the flame intently, Orestes stole up and cut
his head off.  That's all there was to it."

"I knew he would show his ability," said Menelaus.  "This puts him
rather high in my esteem.  If it weren't for his mother--"

"Can't you overlook his mother," said Hermione, "now that he has
behaved so well?  You said that this test would show his character.
Now be just, father, and admit I have chosen a good husband."

"If this qualifies for the duties of a husband, why, he qualifies,"
said Helen.  "But he won't be avenging murders all his life, and I
hope you will marry him, if you do, for other reasons than his
adroitness in killing gisthus.  Where is he, Eteoneus?  I'd like
to meet Orestes."

"He's on the way, I understand," said Eteoneus, "but I doubt if he
calls unless you give him a special invitation.  He thinks the
family doesn't approve of him, with the exception of your daughter,
and just now he's--well, rather tense and sensitive."

"Could you get a special invitation to him?  Then do so, by all
means.  You want him to come, don't you, Menelaus?"

"I'd like very much to see him," said Menelaus.  "Is he going to
return that armour you lent him, Eteoneus?  It was my best set."

"Oh, he'll bring it back, Menelaus; I fancy he's reliable in such
matters.  He'll be wanting to get away from that place as soon as
he can, and this would be the natural spot for him to hurry to."

"He won't care to stay near his mother very long," said Helen.
"This is the worst that has happened to Clytemnestra--to have her
lover executed right on the domain, where she thought herself so

"Will you give your consent now to the marriage?" said Hermione.

"No," said Menelaus.  "You have the logic of the situation, I
admit, but I still don't feel he's the man for you.  While Eteoneus
has been telling us the news, I've been trying to explain why my
heart is so depressed; I'm glad of the vengeance, but I suppose
it's the thought that now you'll want to marry Orestes--nothing
else could make me morbid.  I feel as though I had lost my best
friend, and gisthus wasn't that."

"Eteoneus," said Helen, "what did Clytemnestra say?"


"And what did she do?"


Helen looked at him so steadily that they all looked at her, and
noticed that the colour had left her face.

"You have bad news, too," she said.  "Tell us everything."

"I see you've guessed it," said Eteoneus, "and that makes it easier
to tell.  Clytemnestra's dead."

Helen rose to her feet, as if she were about to leave them.  Then
she stood perfectly still, while the others talked.

"That's why Orestes handled it so smoothly," said Menelaus.  "If
she had been alive then, I dare say she would have been on the

"No wonder gisthus took to sacrificing, with her gone.  They
really loved each other, I think," said Hermione.  "How did she
die, Eteoneus?"

"Orestes killed her."

"No!" cried Hermione.

"He killed her."

"Not his mother!"

"His own mother."


"Helen," said Menelaus, "this is a good deal worse than my
brother's death.  There is no forgiveness in Heaven or on earth for
such a crime.  Orestes is a lost soul.  Clytemnestra, in
comparison, was a good woman.  I hope I may never see--"

"I think Hermione is fainting," said Helen.

"I'm all right," said Hermione.  "I don't blame you father--it's
impossible--even if I had seen him do it, I'd say it's impossible.
Orestes loved her, and he had the deepest sense of filial duty--
it's simply impossible!"

"If you mean he didn't do it, you're wrong," said Eteoneus.  "He
killed her.  It was one filial duty against another, and he took
vengeance all round.  He knows you won't like it--nobody seems to
approve.  That's why he's sensitive about coming here."

"He can never come here," said Menelaus.  "My wife knew how
difficult it would be to meet the murderess of my brother;
certainly she will never be asked to receive in our own house the
son who killed her sister.  That marriage is settled once for all.
I take it your special invitation is withdrawn, Helen."

"For the time only," said Helen.  "I'm sorry for Orestes.  Whatever
emotions I have besides, I'm chiefly sorry for a serious and stupid
boy who could do such a thing by way of being dutiful.  He is a
lost soul, Menelaus, but I don't want him to be more lost than
necessary.  Imagine how he will feel when he realises what he has
done!  Perhaps we ought to send for him now, rather than later.
Yes, send for him, Menelaus!"

"I can't follow that," said Menelaus.

"Nor I," said Eteoneus.  "These new ideas go too far.  Killing
gisthus was only proper, of course, but when it comes to killing
your mother--I'll not open the gate to a man who has killed his own

"I don't want him to come," said Hermione.  "It would be too
terrible with the whole household around.  I think I had better see
him first alone."

"You'll see him nowhere," said her father.  "For this family
Orestes does not exist. . . .  If it were not too late! . . .  When
this horror has died out a little, we'll send for Pyrrhus again,
and if he's what your mother thinks, you may marry him.  He may
have a fault or two, but we can no longer be fastidious.  I'd
rather like an alliance with Pyrrhus, to give us a standing again
before the world."

"I was going to tell you, as another piece of news," said Eteoneus,
"that Pyrrhus will probably be here in a day or two.  He started
more quickly than we expected, and I told the man we sent,
according to your instructions, not to turn him back if he had got
more than halfway."

"I think I'll retire, if you don't mind," said Hermione.  "My head
begins to ache terribly, and I must be alone for a while."

"Before you go," said Eteoneus, "there's something else I ought to
tell you about Orestes.  I don't greatly admire the young man, but
it is only fair to say that perhaps he didn't do the actual killing--
perhaps.  There's a story that he preferred not to kill his
mother, but merely stood by and watched it done."

"Oh, I hope that's true!"

"I can't see the distinction," said Menelaus.  "To all intents he
did it himself."

"Yes," said the gate-keeper, "there isn't much difference, but I
thought what little there is might comfort Hermione."

"If he didn't kill her," said Helen, "who did?"

"His sister, Electra."

"You don't mean he let his sister do it for him?" said Menelaus.

"It's only a rumour--the messenger says no one knows just how it
was done.  You see, Electra hasn't been living with her mother and
gisthus, whether she wouldn't, or they wouldn't have her, you can
guess for yourself.  As soon as Orestes had killed gisthus, he
hurried to the little house where Electra was staying--I believe
she was married or something; I remember she was in a peculiar
situation, anyway--and Electra had asked her mother to call on her
early that morning.  Clytemnestra came, not suspecting the
hospitable invitation, and Electra welcomed her cordially, then got
her to enter the house, where Orestes was concealed, and there they
killed her.  Which one actually did it, you'll have to ask

"Don't tell us any more!" said Menelaus.  "The further you get, the
worse it is.  They betrayed her through hospitality.  They asked
her to come to her daughter's home, to kill her!  You can't think
of a sin they haven't committed!  To reverence your parents comes
first, with any people who are above the beasts; next after that
comes the duty to the guest."

"That's how Orestes felt long ago, the time I wouldn't let him in,"
said Eteoneus.  "He thought we were completely demoralised because
we weren't hospitable.  But I suppose he and his sister excused
themselves by remembering the way Clytemnestra welcomed Agamennon
home from Troy; she went through the motions of hospitality, too.
On the other hand, you could say that he was a husband, and the
laws of hospitality didn't apply."

"Eteoneus," said Helen, "what reason have you for thinking that
Electra did the killing?"

"Why, that idea sprang up from things Electra said afterwards.
When the vengeance was complete, they had the bodies of gisthus
and Clytemnestra brought out, and called the people together to
tell them what had happened--they were paralleling Clytemnestra in
that, you see.  But when the crowd gathered, Orestes and Electra
couldn't get their mind off their dead mother lying there; they
both collapsed, you might say, pretty badly, Electra worse than her
brother, and they accused themselves publicly.  The messenger says
it was awful to listen to.  Electra kept saying she did it, and
though Orestes claimed a share in the guilt, he didn't contradict
her.  But you can't judge by things said at such a moment."

"Father," said Hermione, "I believe it was Electra.  She urged him
on.  I knew it wasn't like Orestes to do it.  He will share the
blame out of loyalty, but she did it, I'm sure.  It's not nearly so
bad as it seemed."

"It's so bad that I'll never let Orestes cross my threshold," said
Menelaus.  "You keep on looking for excuses, but the fact is, he
killed his mother.  If you have any of those natural feelings which
are supposed to indicate the difference between right and wrong,
you know he did wrong--so great a wrong that from now on he has
lost his place in human society.  You aren't thinking of him still
as a husband, are you?"

"Certainly.  He is my husband."

"Hermione, don't tell me you would marry a man who had killed his

"I shall marry him."

"Would a child of mine have a soul so mean?  Don't say that,
Hermione--think what you're saying!  His wife will be as he is, the
companion of his sin, utterly cursed.  You will never enter a good
house, nor sit down to eat with friends, nor even die in peace, nor
rest in a quiet grave.  If you think you love him, remember you
must have no children--the curse must die with you!  I can imagine
how profoundly you are shocked by this horrible deed, but you don't
yet realise the horror.  Think it over quietly for a few days;
you'll see that I'm right."

"You have told me the truth about my future," said Hermione, "but
it still is my future.  I belong to Orestes, to his curse, to his
misery.  I could never respect myself if I deserted him now.  You
don't know him as I do, and perhaps you never could understand his
type of character.  You are adventurous in battle, so I'm told,
and mother is adventurous in love.  There are people who are
adventurous in duty--who will carry a thing through not because it
is pleasant, nor because they like it, nor because it will make
anybody happy, but because it is right."

"You call it being adventurous in duty to kill your mother?"

"In some circumstances, perhaps, but I was thinking of myself, and
of my duty to Orestes.  I shall go through with it."

"Whether or not it makes anybody happy, eh?"

"Menelaus," said Helen, "you were wise to say that Hermione needs
time to realise what all this means.  Give her time.  You don't
need to tell her to think it over.  She will be able to think of
nothing else.  In a few days we can all talk more sanely.  Nothing
matters very much after what has occurred.  Nothing new could seem
very bad, not even her marriage to Orestes.  But Orestes himself
must make fresh plans for his life, and we can wait till we see him
or hear from him."

"Till we hear from him," said Menelaus.  "He can't come to this

"He probably won't come now, anyway," said Eteoneus.  "I remember
they say he is going on a religious journey, a pilgrimage to a
shrine somewhere, to see if he can rest his mind.  The change will
probably do him good, and he won't be back for some time.  One way
and another, your relatives do a lot of travelling, Menelaus."

"That's in the past now," said Menelaus.  "It's time to settle
down, and my immediate family are home to stay, I believe.
Hermione may think this over as long as she likes, Helen, but I
shall now proceed on an entirely new plan.  I'm going to find out
if Pyrrhus will marry her.  You were right in the first place.  If
he will have her, we'll let Orestes go on his pilgrimage, and it
will be a long one.  If I criticised Pyrrhus, at least it was for
faults I could understand.  He's overrated, but he's a real man,
and he can give Hermione the kind of home she ought to have.  It is
providential that he got started quickly on this visit."

"Oh, Menelaus, you're quite wrong to force the question again!"
said Helen.  "Let the whole problem rest a while.  Hermione doesn't
need to marry, if she prefers to stay with us, and certainly she
must not marry a man she doesn't love."

"Now see here, Helen, you make me very angry!  You stirred up this
whole quarrel about Pyrrhus--if it hadn't been for you we never
should have thought of him again.  You've been persuading me with
all sorts of insidious arguments, and these recent events have
completed my conversion.  Why do you get on the other side now?
Hermione may think it over.  When Pyrrhus comes, I'll speak to him.
Perhaps he won't have anything to do with us, but if he'll consider
the proposal, we'll go on from there."

"I'm sorry my future has given you so much trouble," said Hermione,
"and I wish you wouldn't put yourself to this unnecessary bother
with Pyrrhus.  But I'm not in a position to say anything, and you
know best what you want to do.  If I have your permission, I'll go

"Now, I wonder why Helen went with her," said Menelaus.  "I'd like
to hear what they're saying to each other, in private.  Why do you
think my wife has changed her mind about Pyrrhus?"

"She hasn't, I should say, but she sees it's useless," said
Eteoneus.  "Your daughter's going to marry Orestes.  I don't know
how, nor when, but Orestes is as good as a married man from now

"But he hasn't a thing in the world!  He can't support a wife with
this curse on him.  It's the last moment you'd think he would
choose for matrimony."

"I didn't say he'd choose--I said she would marry him.  A sense of
duty once roused is an awful thing, Menelaus.  Women have such a
turn for making it fit in with what they want to do.  She'll marry
him, and later on he'll hear, from time to time, of the sacrifices
she made for his benefit.  Poor devil!"

"But she went out quite docile," said Menelaus.  "She practically
gave in to me, didn't you notice?  And I count on Helen to follow
up the advantage when they're alone.  She wants Pyrrhus more than I
do, and she must abhor the thought of Orestes now."

"That's so, but your wife is pretty shrewd, I must say, in the way
she retires from an argument.  She seems to know when she has won
it, and also when she has lost it.  That's rare in a woman.  It's
Helen's gift for accepting a fact that makes her so hard to manage.
Helen didn't like your bringing up the marriage question just now--
I could see that.  I fancy she thinks you finally threw your case
away.  Hermione may have been docile; my guess is that Helen is
trying to find out, at this very minute, whether she is or not."

"You may be right," said Menelaus.  "I'd like to know where you
learned so much about women."

"I know too much," said Eteoneus, "and in this house I'm constantly
reminded of all I know.  I ought to be in a place where I could
forget some of it.  I've been thinking over my retirement, as you
suggested.  Next week, when you're more at leisure, I'd like to
come in and talk with you about it."


"Why, he's a perfect darling, Adraste!  You're a fortunate girl.
Let me take him--it's ages since I held one in my arms, but I still
know how."

"You certainly do, Helen!  There he goes, sucking his thumb again!
Take it out, will you, Helen, please?"

"So you think you're going to break him of that habit?"

"Oughtn't I to try?"

"I suppose so--one learns so much in trying.  Now that he has
stopped being all red and has turned pink, I do believe he
resembles you, Adraste.  Do you see it?"

"Oh, no, Helen, I think he's much more like his father.  I don't
know whether to be glad or sorry."

"Be glad, of course.  Damastor is very good-looking, and you'll
want your boy to favour you both.  But you can't form a final
opinion when they are a week old.  I dare say his mother has
discovered some profound characteristics in him even now?"

"Do you know, I have, Helen.  He's the best little companion--I
know his ways already.  And I imagine he begins to notice me a
little.  If he doesn't, I'll be jealous, for he certainly has his
eyes fixed on you--from the moment you came in.  You're used to
that, of course."

"He is a darling!"

"Do you think they do know, so early, Helen?"

"Well, Hermione flirted with her father when she was a week old.
It's the only indiscreet thing she ever permitted herself to do.
Of course they know, the moment they're born!  Your boy grows wiser-
looking every day.  If he's to put on a more profound air than
this, I shan't have the courage to face him.  He is reading my soul
at this minute. . . .  There, poor child, don't cry!  I'll give him
back to you.  There!  What on earth are you crying about?  I'm
tiring you, to be sure . . . I'll come in again later, when you've
had a chance to rest."

"Don't go, Helen, I'm not tired.  Sometimes it comes over me--my
dreadful fate; your kindness about the child makes me--"

"Nonsense!" said Helen.  "You have no dreadful fate.  You ought to
be an extremely happy woman.  You have this beautiful boy to love
and bring up, and you have friends around you who are thinking how
lucky the boy is in his mother.  You'll give him a wonderful
childhood, a wonderful youth; he will always be young and shining,
like you."

"It's all very well to say cheering things--it's kind of you, Helen--
but he will have only his mother; he won't have a father, like
other boys--he won't have a complete home.  I had no right to bear
him, and all his life I shall be punished, seeing what he has

"I doubt if nature considers our rights, one way or the other.  As
for his missing his father, in childhood and afterwards, it's
perfectly true, and I wouldn't try to gloss over the fact.  I know,
too, that you are grieving for the home you dreamed of having.
Nobody could pretend you are as happy as you deserve to be.  But
even so, you ought to have peace of mind.  Dear girl, it might be
so much worse!"

"How possibly?"

"Why, he might have married you."

"You think that would have been worse!"

"Here, give me that baby again.  He's much quieter with me, and
I'll tell him some things he can profit by later. . . .  Yes, much
worse, considering Damastor's character.  If he had been a great
lover, the kind we invent but usually don't meet, the lasting kind,
then to lose him would have been as tragic as you think it is--but
then you wouldn't have lost him.  He was a great lover at first,
wasn't he?  Only he couldn't keep it up.  That's not his fault--nor
yours; it's simply the way he is.  You don't know what it would
have been like to live with him, year after year, when he had
ceased to be your lover and was drawing on his reserves of
character to be your husband.  Of course he would have been kind to
you--you'd enjoy that, wouldn't you!--but even with him there,
you'd find yourself deserted by the man you yearned for.  A
stranger, with a haunting resemblance to your lover--that's what
you'd be living with.  Now you are far better off.  Not in the
general opinion of society, but really so.  The boy is the child of
your love, and your love is fortunately bereaved, when it might
have been tarnished or worn dull.  Your sorrow, too, is bright and
clean-cut. . . .  Adraste, this young man will never like curtain
lectures; he's going asleep.  Shall I put him in his crib?"

"Please--and take his thumb out."

"It's all right--it's in again. . . .  I think you're a lucky girl,
Adraste, to have both your love and your sorrow pure."

"I don't see any luck in having sorrow, pure or impure."

"There isn't any luck in having it, but since we must have it, it's
well to be able to feel it.  That shows how alive, how essentially
happy, you still are.  I'd give a good deal to feel a sorrow.  I
mean what I say, I envy you.  We've talked so often about love, you
know what I think of that, and how widely I've missed my ideal
there.  In sorrow, too, I've missed it.  Anyone who sees how
wonderful and how brief life is, would hope to know it, if not all
of it, at least the high and deep things in it; the awful fate
would be to be numb and sleepy, to rest in one's habits, to let the
days simply pass.  I wanted to know life down to the quick.  Either
it can't be done, or I never found out how.  With me, life refuses
to be known.  It sets me apart, it makes me feel like a special
case, and the normal fortunes I wanted--I'm convinced they are
normal--seem dream-like."

"But, Helen, you always seem to me very wise in life.  You told me
the truth about Damastor long before I could see it, and you are
kind not to remind me how I failed to take your advice.  You
couldn't know so much if you hadn't had more experience than you

"That's the trouble; I think I do know about life, but not in the
right way--not through my own feelings.  Adraste, you understand I
didn't come here to talk about myself!  I'm trying to show you
where I think you are less unfortunate than you believe.  Since I
haven't felt experience deeply in myself, I could only study
others, try to understand life through them.  When you learn to see
human beings that way, and yourself, in spite of what they think,
as just one more illustration of the common nature, you gain in
charity, perhaps you acquire a more generous interest in your
fellow beings, but the edge of sorrow is gone--indeed, of most
passionate states.  It isn't that you know too much; no one is too
wise.  But you forget how to cry, and you learn to smile at
mankind, beginning with yourself.  Love stays with us longer than
sorrow, and pain stays longer; they both have somewhat to do with
the body.  But sorrow, the kind of heartache you have, seems all of
the spirit.  I'd rather my spirit had not been educated away from

"Helen, you make me sad, talking so.  I have reason to know that
your heart is tender, that you forgive quickly, that you are just
even to--"

"I think I'm honest, my dear Adraste, but I have no other boast.
The dark fact is that I have made many people unhappy, and I shall
be remembered, if Menelaus or Hermione writes my obituary, as
anything but generous or just.  But I have one excuse, if I need
one, for having come to see life as a comedy--a rather wistful and
even sad comedy; at any moment in my later years I might have had a
better reputation if I had been willing to renounce my virtues.  If
I had pretended a love for Menelaus which I no longer had, they
would have called me a model wife.  The tragedy really was in
losing the love, but they think it was in admitting the fact.  If I
had pretended to be overwhelmed with repentance when I came home,
nobody would have believed me, but they would have thought I was
correct.  Of course I felt no repentance.  My love for Paris didn't
prove to be the real thing, but it was the nearest to it I have
known, and I am grateful to heaven for it.  On the other hand,
those who would reform me are not convincingly alive themselves,
and though they have kept their reputations, they often seem to
have mislaid their souls.  The sorrows they say they grieve over
usually don't look like sorrows to me--mere vexations or petty
disappointments.  They don't know what sorrow is!  I take that back--
Orestes knows.  But Charitas, for example, thinks she has a sorrow
because her boy wanted to choose his own wife.  It's rather funny,
to call that a sorrow.  And you think you are overwhelmed because
your lover wasn't a great man.  I say you ought to be grateful for
the love that gave you this child, and you ought to reflect on what
you were spared when Damastor permitted himself to be separated
from you.  How awful if you had had to pretend you were happy,
after he had ceased to be what he once was.  You've had some of the
real experiences, and few of us have them all.  You've had them
unalloyed.  Some of us envy you.  Don't let yourself think bitterly
of your moonlight hours with him, of the glamour of his kisses, of
the ecstasy of his embrace.  All that you felt then, was true.
People who laugh at such feelings have become incapable of having
them.  And don't you teach this boy that love is dangerous and he
ought to be careful, or that discretion is the secret of life!"

"I've thought a good deal already about the sort of career I'd like
him to have."

"You would, naturally.  He's only a week old."

"But the responsibility is frightful, Helen."

"What responsibility is that?"

"Why, of bringing him up right."

"You'd better not try too hard.  If I were doing it, I'd remind
myself that there is some natural goodness in the human heart; then
I'd look for it in the boy, and encourage it.  He'll be fond of
something, passionately interested in something, and the thing he
cares for will be innocent enough, at least while he's young.  I'd
simply encourage him.  If he cares for nothing, he's hopeless.  In
that case I'd try to bring him up so that he'd do the least
possible harm to the human race.  I'd tell him that he has no right
to reform people unless he loves the same things that they do.
That would keep him out of mischief.  But your boy will be like you
and Damastor--yes, like his father; Damastor was weak, but for a
time he was a lover.  You'll want to protect the boy from the
pressures that spoiled his father's soul.  Think what a man
Damastor would have been if his mother had encouraged him to lose
his heart to the first pretty girl he met--if she had urged him to
fall in love with the very prettiest, to dream of her, to hunt the
world over for her!"

"In that case, of course, I shouldn't have had him, not even for a
short time."

"Yes, you would.  She ought to have told him it was his duty as
well as his right to love you always.  That kind of education would
have made a difference in Damastor. . . .  But I'll tell you
something, Adraste--two things.  When you have brought up your boy
by this ideal method I'm suggesting, he won't turn out quite as you
expect; he'll find some way of his own, and surprise you.  And then
you'll be a little false to your theories, and you'll feel a
temptation to behave like Charitas.  You'll say, 'My dear boy, I
didn't bring you up to do so and so!'  When that day comes,
remember what I'm telling you; you'll understand that life is a

"I can't imagine him grown up--that pink and white innocence.  Of
course he'll have a will of his own--I want him to have that."

"Of course; you want him to have a will of his own, and you'll ask
him to do just as you say.  Well, for the time being he looks
innocent.  That's because we're so much older, I dare say.  The
rest of it is probably illusion, except his feet.  There's very
little to be said for feet, after they've been used, but in
children they are forms of exquisiteness.  Otherwise the healthy
young seem beautiful to their elders, whether they are or not.
It's a strong reason for having an elder generation.  There, you're
looking tired again.  I'm going now."

"Just a moment--please don't go.  I've something I ought to say, if
I'm to be frank, as you always urge us to be.  I do appreciate your
cheery talk and the way you have pretended that all is well with
me.  It's like you.  But you won't think me ungrateful if I detect
the generous effort in your remarks about life and youth and
bringing up children.  This isn't the way we talked, give and take,
when I was happy.  Shall we ever be the same to each other again?
I know I'm not quite the friend I was; to some extent I've become
an object of pity.  I owe it to you that I have roof over me, this
bed under me."

"Don't say such things, nor think them.  You are exactly as you
were, one of my household, and particularly dear to me."

"No, Helen, you can't deceive me.  Menelaus wanted to send me

"Of course he said so!  Nothing could be more correct.  Nobody will
ever be able to say that my husband countenanced irregular
behaviour in his home.  He said you positively must go, and there
was to be no more talk.  There was no more talk, and you stayed.
That's Menelaus.  He's really the kindest man who ever tried to
keep the world straight.  He is willing to waive the results so
long as he can have an audience.  The true reason why he brought me
home instead of killing me, was that he wanted to save up someone
to talk at in his old age.  He never has said of you half the bad
things he says to me, in the daily round.  Neither he nor I can
spare you; you will have to be the daughter of the house, now that
Hermione is gone."

"Gone where?  I haven't heard.  Has she married Orestes?"

"She has left us--run away.  I dare say she'll marry Orestes, if
she hasn't done so already.  Anyway, we have lost her.  Her father
threatened in an impulsive moment to arrange a match with Pyrrhus,
and Hermione took him seriously, or pretended to.  It gave her a
first-rate excuse to throw herself on Orestes for protection.  We
don't know where she is."

"Don't you worry about her, Helen?"

"No, indeed!  I grieve that we have not known how to get on better
with our own daughter, but she is perfectly safe.  What could harm
her?  I rather think her resolution to manage her own affairs will
do her good.  She has wasted some time trying to manage mine.  If
she isn't showing much filial respect for her father and me, on the
other hand I'm not ready to argue that we deserve it.  No, if this
is the worst thing she does, I shall be content. . . .  Adraste,
has Charitas come to see her grandson?"

"She certainly hasn't, that old cat!"

"Speaking of filial respect!  She's your mother-in-law, you know,
in spirit if not in fact.  Why don't you ask her to come?"

"I'd like to see myself!  After the things she has said of me!"

"Exactly.  Let her say them first, and then come.  If I were you
I'd ask her."

"She wouldn't come."

"Ask her.  She'll say no.  Tell her the boy waits to be seen,
whenever she cares to look at him.  She'll come. . . .  And you
might rescue Damastor that way."

"There!  You said I was lucky not to marry him, and now you suggest
getting him back!"

"It's a weakness in me, I admit.  I think you would be quite
perfect without him, but you don't, and you would never forgive me
for not telling you how to get round his indignant mother.  That's
the way it's done.  Now do as you like.  Notice I said 'rescue'
him.  We want back the Damastor who perhaps doesn't yet exist.  But
he might. . . .  Anyway, Adraste, I'm glad it's a boy.  The girls
do have the rough side, whenever there's a choice."

"Helen, do you think Hermione ought to marry Orestes?"

"My dear child, she's going to marry Orestes."

"But ought she to?"

"Do you mean, would I marry him?  I'd drink poison just before the
wedding.  He's almost all that I don't like in human nature.  He
sees nothing good in life, but he consents to take charge of it."

"Helen, if Hermione marries and has a child, will you go and see
the child?"

"At once.  I shan't wait to be invited.  If they don't want me,
they'll have to shut the door in my face.  Why not?"

"But Orestes--and your sister!"

"The child won't be to blame.  If Hermione marries, I accept her
choice.  If she can accept it too, she'll be fortunate.  You know
my rule--repent before, not afterwards.  And afterwards it's really
too late to criticise.  Yes indeed, we'll be looking across the
same dinner-table at each other, Orestes and I, many a time, and he
will meditate on the immoral fact that my bad life doesn't affect
my appearance, while I wonder about the human conscience and its
mysteries--how we are persuaded to do detestable things for our own
salvation and for the improvement of our friends."

"But, Helen, would you say of Hermione as you said of me, that it
would be better if her lover deserted her, left her to bring up her
child unmarried?"

"Dear me, I'm to be cross-examined!  No, Adraste, I'd never say the
same thing of Hermione and of you.  I don't know that she could
appreciate her opportunities if Orestes deserted her.  I'm not sure
that either she or Orestes is in love, ever was, or ever will be.
The cases aren't parallel.  From what I can gather, they regard
each other not as lovers but as supreme obligations.  To Hermione
certainly Orestes appeals as one of her duties.  If ever I have a
word with him, I'll express my sympathy.  But I meant what I said,
of your case, and I wish I could say it of Hermione's; your problem
is only with society--and that's bad enough--but you have no
quarrel with the real things that count in the end."

"Will you put that rug over the baby?  The air's blowing on him."

"If he sleeps so soundly, he'll give you little trouble.  Oh, what
a splendid rug!"

"What do you think?  Eteoneus came in here, without being invited,
I assure you, and without asking permission, and he stormed like a
wild man--said the house was going to the devil, and he must leave
it, and he called me--the same thing as baggage, only worse, and
said Damastor was an ass.  Then he put this over baby and got out."




"It simply comes to this," said Menelaus, "that we can't find her."

"That's it," said Eteoneus.  "The men have been everywhere in the
neighbourhood, ten miles, I should say, in all directions, and no
one has heard of her, or seen her go by."

"It's very strange that a young girl could walk out of a house in
broad daylight, in a civilised country, and completely disappear!"

"My notion is that she didn't go far," said Eteoneus.  "My idea
isn't worth much, I confess, since I don't see how she could
conceal herself close by, but if she came in at any moment I
shouldn't be over-surprised."

"I should," said Menelaus.  "She's looking for Orestes, and he's
not in this part of the world."

"How do you know he's not?"

"He wouldn't have the impudence," said Menelaus.

"On the other hand," said Eteoneus, "it's all that you need for
your most exquisite embarrassment, to have him turn up just as
Pyrrhus arrives.  That's the kind of luck you've been having

"That's not my worst embarrassment--the worst will be to welcome
Pyrrhus with the news that my daughter has run away.  We must find
her--we must, Eteoneus.  I'm known to Pyrrhus chiefly as the man
whose wife ran off, and if I must tell him my daughter has gone too--
I can't face it, I simply can't!"

"It's too much to hope she's gone to welcome Pyrrhus.  How she
hates that man!"

"What do you propose to do next?" said Menelaus.

"I've come to the end.  I have no suggestions."

"You must have, Eteoneus!  We can't give up at this point."

"You needn't give up--you'll probably think of something.  But I'm
of no use to you, I fear; I haven't found a single trace of her,
and to tell you the truth, my heart's not in it.  While we were on
this last search, I was wondering all the time what on earth to do
with her if we found her."

"Bring her home!  Those were your orders."

"Of course, but what then?  I should think you'd rather tell
Pyrrhus that Hermione happened to be away at the moment, than
exhibit her in chains, or however you intended to hold her down.
If she is brought back, it will be as a prisoner.  You'd better let
her go.  It hurts me to think what we've come to, Menelaus.  This
is my last service for you, I suppose--trying to arrest your
runaway daughter.  I'll be glad when Pyrrhus comes, and I retire."

"I can't possibly spare you now till we find Hermione!  You
wouldn't think of leaving me before?"

"Well, Menelaus, I'd do anything in reason, but I'm very tired of
my job, and I don't believe Hermione is ever coming back.  You're
asking me to stay for life."

"That's really what I'd like to ask you, but I mean only a
reasonable time.  Let's put it this way.  Stay until Hermione is
found, whether she comes back here or not; the moment we know
positively where she is, you may go.  If she isn't found before
Pyrrhus comes, stay until he goes.  You think he is to arrive any
day; the moment he leaves, you are free.  That will see me through
the worst in either case, and I'll prove to you that I know how to
be grateful."

"I don't know," said Eteoneus.  "It seems a little complicated. . . .
Do you mean I may go the moment we know where Hermione is?"


"Thank heaven, I can go now!  What do you think of that!  Here she


"Right behind you--in the door."

"What does this mean, Hermione?  Where have you been?"

"Ask that question some other time--it's irrelevant.  I want to
speak to you and mother."

"We have a word or two to say to you.  I suppose you realise the
annoyance your behaviour--"

"Don't be silly, father!  Where's mother?"

"Helen!--Oh, Helen!  Hermione's here!"

"I suppose I may go now?" said Eteoneus.

"You needn't," said Hermione.  "There's nothing in what I'm going
to say you shouldn't hear.  I'd rather like you to hear it."

"Hermione, dear child!" said Helen, "I'm glad indeed you came back
to us."

"I haven't come back to you--I looked in to tell you something, and
when you hear it you won't be glad."

"Your absence hasn't improved your manners," said Menelaus.  "You
need have no fear of Pyrrhus if you talk to him as you do to your
parents.  He's a brave man, but he won't take that on for life."

"You still expect Pyrrhus to visit you?" said Hermione.

"Almost any time now."

"He isn't coming," said Hermione.  "That's what I had to tell you."

"Not coming?" said Menelaus.  "He accepted the invitation, and
Eteoneus reported him on the way.  How about that, Eteoneus?"

"He can't come now," said Hermione.

"Just as well, perhaps," said her father.  "But I'd like to know
why not?"

"He insulted Orestes."

"What's that got to do with it?  Orestes doesn't choose our guests
for us!  What are you trying to tell us?"

"Orestes and I met Pyrrhus on the road, and--"

"What were you doing with Orestes?" said Menelaus.

"That's of no importance now," said Hermione.  "He and I were
walking together when we met Pyrrhus.  I guessed who it was, but
said nothing.  He stopped to inquire the way, and before I could do
anything to prevent it, they found out each other's name.  Pyrrhus
stiffened up at once, and said that as he was to be your guest,
practically was your guest at the moment, he felt bound to offer me
his protection.  Orestes asked from whom he wanted to protect me,
and Pyrrhus said, from a man who would lift his hand against his
own mother.  Before I realised what was happening, they had drawn
their swords."

"They actually had a fight?" said Menelaus.

"Pyrrhus is dead."

"Hermione, Pyrrhus was my guest!  Don't tell me Orestes killed a
man coming to my house, on my invitation?"

"Orestes killed him, father, in the circumstances I have just

"Now, that shows the idea of hospitality Orestes has," said
Eteoneus.  "I'll never again be sorry I kept him out.  If there's a
difference in such horrors, this is a bit worse than killing
Clytemnestra.  She at least had committed a crime herself."

"I shall never get over this!" said Menelaus.  "If I could fall
dead as I speak, I'd take it as a kindness of fate.  I was none too
friendly with Pyrrhus or his father.  I asked him to visit me, and
in good faith he came at once.  Now one of my relatives met him on
the way and killed him.  What excuse can I give, to others or to

"Did Orestes know Pyrrhus was your father's guest?" said Helen.

"Yes," said Hermione.

"I owe it to Pyrrhus to find his body, and bury it handsomely,"
said Menelaus.  "Then I suppose I ought to take vengeance on
Orestes.  If I don't, people will think me an accomplice in a trap
for my former enemy."

"You can't take vengeance on Orestes!" said Hermione.  "He did
nothing wrong.  I saw the whole thing, and had he done otherwise, I
should despise him.  Pyrrhus insulted him--I felt as though he were
insulting me too.  Don't misunderstand me--I'm not trying to defend
Orestes; he doesn't need defence.  It wasn't for my happiness, nor
for anyone else's, that Pyrrhus was coming.  I'm glad Orestes
killed him.  If he hadn't done it, I should.  I made up my mind to
that, the day father told me he was going to arrange a marriage.
If you compel people to act in self-defence, they'll act!"

"Clytemnestra!" said Menelaus.

"My conventional daughter!" said Helen.

"I see we've reached the end," said Menelaus.  "If any new
catastrophe can overtake my house, at least I don't know the name
of it.  There's nothing more to discuss; if Hermione wants Orestes
after this, we'll have to admit she knows the worst about him, and
they say there's no arguing in matters of taste.  May I ask,
Hermione, merely for information, if you dream of being the wife of
this murderer?"

"I don't dream," said Hermione, "I am."

"I thought so," said Helen.

"What did you say you were?" said Menelaus.

"His wife.  I told you quite clearly I was going to marry him.  We
weren't married when we met Pyrrhus, and that was awkward, though
the quarrel would not have been avoided, probably, even if we had
been.  But I showed Orestes that people would remark on our
travelling together, when they spoke of the killing, and we ought
to marry at once.  So we did."

"You may leave the house!" said Menelaus.  "Eteoneus, kindly open
that door for her."

"Thank you, Eteoneus.  I had no intention of staying so long; I've
been keeping Orestes waiting.  Good-bye!"

"One moment!" said Helen.  "Menelaus, we have reached the end, as
you said.  We have our opinion of what Hermione and Orestes have
done, but since they did it on their own responsibility, we have no
part in the consequences.  There's nothing more to be said, and we
might as well be friends."

"I'll never be friends with Hermione and Orestes!"

"Of course you will!  How absurd!  Haven't you made a mistake, now
and then?  I have.  It's all a question of degree.  You get your
punishment--or you don't, but it's not the business of your friends
and your family to punish you.  Do leave something to heaven,
Menelaus!  When a thing's once done, I like to begin afresh and go
on with my life.  If you try to be an avenging fate, you'll ruin
your character.  Orestes may be a criminal--that's his affair.  But
it looks to me as if he were in serious trouble, and Hermione, too,
since she has undertaken to share his fortunes.  That really does
concern you and me--we ought to help our children when they are in

"Orestes is no child of mine."

"Well, you're his nearest male relative, and the only person he can
turn to.  You needn't forgive his act--I don't; but we need never
mention it again.  You and I tried to provide well for Hermione,
and we failed.  Let's watch with a good will while she provides for
herself.  Hermione, so far as I'm concerned, this house is always
open to you and your husband."

"It is not!" said Menelaus.

"You won't live here, of course," Helen went on; "it wouldn't be
comfortable for you nor for us just now, and anyway, young people
ought to have their own home.  But when you wish to come to us,
this is where you grew up, Hermione, and I dare say there is more
love for you here than there ever will be anywhere else, no matter
how popular you become."

"That's all right for Hermione," said Menelaus, "but it doesn't
apply to Orestes.  He didn't grow up here, and if he isn't more
popular in some other place than he is here, he's a complete social
failure.  Make it clear to him, Hermione, that the family affection
is limited to yourself; we won't receive him."

"If I may put it another way," said Helen, "I would suggest that we
ask Hermione to send Orestes here at once.  There ought to be no
possibility of another misunderstanding in this home, and the wise
way, I think, would be to talk it out with Orestes now.  Don't send
messages through Hermione or anybody else, Menelaus; talk to
Orestes yourself."

"I won't permit him to enter the house--and naturally I won't talk
with him."

"Then would you mind if I talked with him?  It was my sister he
killed, and if anyone here is to blame for the death of Pyrrhus, it
is I, who suggested his coming.  I claim the right to speak with
Orestes, Menelaus."

"I don't see what there is to say to him, Helen.  He'll probably
take the occasion to lecture you on your behaviour, or he'll point
out where I have done wrong."

"He may ask me why you didn't help him to avenge his father," said
Helen.  "If he does, I'll explain that I kept you at home.  If he
tells me that I have made mistakes, I'll admit it, and I'll fill in
any gaps in his information about my past life.  Orestes has no
terrors for me, and I'm very eager to meet him.  How soon can you
get him here, Hermione?"

"Not here, Helen!" said Menelaus.

"The whole point would be lost if I met him anywhere else, and it
would hardly be proper for me to be meeting him out of my own
house, and away from your protection, Menelaus.  How soon do you
think, Hermione?"

"I prefer not to have him come, since father objects."

"Quite right," said Helen, "but your father has withdrawn his

"I didn't know that I did."

"I beg your pardon!  I thought you agreed it was more discreet for
me to see him here than alone and away from the house."

"Oh, yes, in that sense," said Menelaus.

"Well, then, how soon do you think, Hermione?"

"I don't want him to come, mother.  I'm not sure what you would do
to him."

"My dear child, he's entirely safe.  My word of honour, nothing
will happen to him here."

"I don't know what you would say to him, and I don't want him to
see you," said Hermione.  "He's perfectly happy now--or would be if
it were not for his private misfortunes."

"That's all that prevents any of us from being happy," said Helen,
"except the few who worry over the misfortunes of others.  You
don't think Orestes is of that kind.  Send him here, Hermione.  I
promise to let you have him again.  Could he be here to-morrow?"

"You'd be wise to send him," said Menelaus.  "It will come to the
same thing in the end.  Your mother wants to see him.  I assure you
I shan't let him stay long, and we shan't do him any harm."

"Let me know when he's coming," said Eteoneus, "and I'll tell the
new gate-keeper to turn his back and pretend not to notice him.
You couldn't give a man like that a formal hospitality."

"What's this about a new gate-keeper?" said Helen.  "The old one is
very satisfactory."

"Eteoneus is leaving us," said Menelaus.  "He wishes to retire, and
I promised to release him when Hermione returned.  I never expected
her so soon, or I wouldn't have promised.  I have no one as yet to
take his place."

"Couldn't you stay with us, Eteoneus?" said Helen.  "You are my
oldest friend here; you opened the door of this house when I
entered as a bride."

"And when you returned from Troy," said Eteoneus.  "There's nothing
more I can do for you, and it's time I left."

"You mustn't leave--we'll have to talk it over," said Helen.  "Your
decision doesn't seem final to me."

"You'll stay, all right," said Menelaus.  "I foresee the end."

"My decision is quite final, Helen, and I'd rather not discuss it
at all."

"I'm sorry," said Helen, "but you know best.  You will come in to
say good-bye to me before you go, won't you?"

"I certainly will," said Eteoneus.

"That does for you, old man!" said Menelaus.  "And you're going to
send Orestes in to-morrow, is that it?"

"No," said Hermione, "I'm not going to send him at all.  I'm just
waiting to say good-bye myself to Eteoneus, and then I'm going.  I
shan't return.  We're really not wanted here, and fine speeches
won't alter the fact.  I don't want to return, anyway--we never
should agree."

"Go ahead, then, and leave!" said Menelaus.  "Why are you hanging
round to tell us, at intervals, you don't approve of us?  Have you
any sense at all of what you and your husband have done?  Will any
human being ever care whether or not you approve of him?  We have
permitted you to enter this home, and to stay in it a few minutes,
just as though you were not an outcast.  The next time you call on
a friend, you'll probably feel the difference!"

"Menelaus!  Menelaus!" said Helen.  "I don't want Hermione to go
until she has promised to send her husband to see us.  If she will
do that, I rather think we can some day understand one another
again--all of us.  It isn't my sister's murderer I want to talk
with--it's her son.  If Hermione loves him so desperately, there
must be good in him I knew nothing about.  I should like to admit
my error, if it is one; I'd like to see for myself."

"He is a splendid man--you couldn't help admiring him, if you knew
what he really is.  The trouble with you and father was that you
didn't know him, and you didn't want to."

"Of course we wanted to!" said Menelaus.  "We told you to invite
him for a visit, but you couldn't find him.  It wasn't our fault
that you didn't know where he was!"

"It wasn't Hermione's fault either," said Helen, "and we can see
now that Orestes wasn't to blame.  The fact is as you said,
daughter--we don't know Orestes.  Will you ask him to come to-

"I'll give him the invitation," said Hermione.  "I never know what
he has to do."


"It was good of you to come, Orestes," said Helen.  "I understand
you are very busy at present, but I wanted to see you as soon as
Hermione told us of the marriage."

"I'd like to say, but I can't, that I'm glad to come," said
Orestes.  "You have every reason to hate me.  I dreaded to meet

"I don't hate you," said Helen, "and on your part I hope there is
no occasion for dread.  I should like to be friends with my
daughter's husband; that's the whole reason why I asked you to

"You didn't want me to marry Hermione," said Orestes.

"I did not."

"You wanted her to marry Pyrrhus."

"I did."

"Then I'm not convinced of this sudden friendship."

"My dear Orestes, I always knew I should be on good terms with my
son-in-law, when once he was selected.  The friendship isn't sudden--
the marriage was.  I wish you could know how often your name has
been mentioned in our house, since my return.  I urged Hermione to
invite you for a visit, we were so eager to meet you, but she
didn't know where you were.  You had our sympathy; we realised what
terrible responsibilities you were shouldering.  I'd like to tell
you now, if I may, how deeply I grieve for you."

"I feel like a hypocrite to accept your sympathy," said Orestes.
"I haven't considered you a friend."

"How could you know I was?  But I am--and may I count you one of my

"You can't very well.  I recently killed your sister."

"I've heard that you did."

"And more recently I killed your guest, Pyrrhus."

"I've heard of that, too."

"They are crimes of the worst sort, most people think."

"I think so, too, but it wasn't unfriendliness to me that made you
commit them, was it?  I thought you had other reasons."

"But surely you don't want to be friends with the man who killed
your sister!"

"With the man who has married my daughter."

"I must say you are generous!"

"Not at all, it's only natural.  Don't misunderstand me, Orestes;
what you have done seems to me inexpressibly horrible.  You'll pay
a heavy penalty for it, in the treatment most people will give you,
and still more in your own thoughts.  I can't say how sorry I am
for you.  I should have done anything to prevent you from such a
course, just as I tried to prevent Hermione from marrying you.  But
what's done is done, and we are now free to enjoy each other's
friendship, and to sympathise with each other in the consequences
of our mistakes.  On my own behalf I grieve over what you have
done; for your sake too.  The better friends we are, the more I
shall regret your actions.  I didn't want Hermione to assume a
share in your misery."

"I did not wish to lay any of it upon her, but she would have it
so," said Orestes.  "There is a kind of justice in it, since she is
your child, for if we are talking of our wrongdoing, I may as well
say that I blame you for the whole tragedy.  My father presented
his brother's plea for your hand, and he always felt an obligation
to see Menelaus safely through the dangers of his brilliant
marriage.  That's how it all began--with your beauty.  Agamemnon
sacrificed his daughter to get the fleet started.  I think my
mother was justified in leaving him, after that.  She felt she
ought to avenge her child by killing him, if he should return.  She
wasn't clear as to her duty--for that reason she did not pursue
him, but if he came back she was resolved to punish him.  She was
wrong, I am sure, but I respect her motives.  That is why I found
it so terribly hard to avenge my father--but of course I had no
choice.  Now I have quarrelled fatally with your guest.  Iphigeneia--
Agamemnon--Clytemnestra--Pyrrhus.  That is the sanguinary logic of
your behaviour.  My mother felt you were to blame.  She said you
were inordinately beautiful.  You are.  But she said also that
wherever you came, people began to do wrong.  I can see that would
be so.  Can you sleep soundly?  I can't.  But what I have done
seems, I suppose, amateurish and unimportant to you.  That's why
you can greet me so cheerfully.  You have caused so many men to do
awful things, who except for you would have led uneventful and
innocent lives.  All those men dead at Troy--their children slain
or starved--the women captured and disgraced!  We can never be very
good friends; I couldn't bring myself to enjoy the sight of your
loveliness while I knew the evil effects it had produced."

"We shan't quarrel over your opinion, Orestes," said Helen.  "It is
essentially my own opinion.  It's what I expected you to think of
me.  Where I have been, disaster has always followed.  If it had
not been for me, your father would not have offered up his own
child, my sister would not have slain her husband, you would not
have killed your mother, nor Pyrrhus--and you wouldn't have married

"Oh, I should have married Hermione anyway!  That's not a
catastrophe, and you are in no way responsible for it.  I married
Hermione because I love her."

"That is usually thought to be a good reason," said Helen.  "I dare
say your union was fore-ordained--you would have married her no
matter how admirable her mother was."

"Yes--no!  I mean, when you love as Hermione and I do, you cannot
help yourself."

"You never met Paris, did you?  Of course not.  He felt the same
way about it."

"And you didn't agree with him, I suppose?"

"Yes, I did."

"Then you've changed your mind since?"

"No, I still believe it.  That's why I'm glad to know it was love
that drove you into matrimony.  I was afraid it might have been
Hermione.  She made no secret of her intention to have you."

"Oh, you must not do her such an injustice!  We--"

"What injustice have I done her?"

"You implied that she forced me to marry her."

"Didn't she?  I thought you said you couldn't help it?  Was it her
charm or yours that overwhelmed you?"

"Oh--in that sense."

"Of course, I'm unfair," Helen went on.  "It was your charm that
compelled her."

"I don't pretend to any charm," said Orestes.

"Well, whatever it was, Paris found the same thing in me, and I
found it in him.  Isn't it strange how love becomes our will!  We
couldn't have done otherwise."

"Oh, I beg your pardon!  Such a theory would make your passion for
that Trojan rascal as sacred as any other love!"

"I didn't mention any theory," said Helen.  "I was citing a fact.
You told me how you and Hermione felt; I told you how Paris and I
felt.  Why did you call him a rascal?  You didn't know him.  Our
love was decidedly like any other love; it seemed to us sacred.  If
you prefer, I'll cite a parallel from Menelaus.  When he married me
he too, said he couldn't have done otherwise.  Now he thinks he
could, and he wishes he had.  But at the time he was right."

"If you could not have done otherwise," said Orestes, "you are
logically not to blame for the miseries that followed.  It's an
ingenious point of view, but I don't think it will hold.  Who is
responsible for it all?"

"I've often wondered," said Helen, "but I still don't know.  I
could make an argument to show it was Menelaus' fault, but then I
should have to explain Menelaus, and the deeper you get in, the
more difficult it is.  That is why I have learned to accept a thing
once done, as done; we must take the consequences, but there's no
sense in debating it as though it were still to do, and I am
disinclined to pass judgment on the doer."

"That's a most upsetting doctrine!  That would leave all wrongdoers

"Never--unless you feel there is nothing ethical in life itself.  I
still like to believe you can find out whether an action is right
or wrong by doing it--that a right action has better results."

"Of course, in general," said Orestes.  "But in the practical
world, in society, you've got to distinguish between criminals and

"I'd like to," said Helen, "but I doubt if anyone can--that is, not
until you have a long time to watch the result of their lives.
Take yourself, for example: I don't know whether you are a murderer
or an unusually dutiful son."

"I tried to do my duty," said Orestes, "but what I did makes me
fiendishly unhappy."

"Exactly," said Helen.  "You are probably something of both--I
meant to say, your deeds were both bad and good.  You acted from
the highest motives you had, but maybe they weren't high enough.
Your morals are beyond criticism, but perhaps your information was
inadequate.  I notice that most people feel they may safely act
when they know they are right.  It strikes me, after a few
experiments, that when we are sure we are right we had better be
careful.  We've probably overlooked something.  In love, as you
say, we can't help ourselves--I'm referring to everything else.
Your father had what seems to me--seemed so at the time, when I
heard of it--an obsolete faith in sacrifices.  A god, to him, was a
being from whom you bought what you wanted.  With the clearest
conscience, therefore, he sacrificed his daughter in the hope of
securing a favourable wind.  Your father and my husband were the
poorest sailors I ever met.  Menelaus steered right into Egypt,
trying to get home to Sparta.  I got him to make some sacrifices
himself, finally.  They were good for his stubbornness and pride,
whether or not they affected the wind.  Pride is a worse sin than
your father was guilty of, yet the consequence of his sacrifice was
more terrible.  It's puzzling to me.  You think I did wrong in
going to Troy, though you understand, I'm grateful to know, that I
couldn't have done otherwise.  But I dare say you think Menelaus
was compelled to bring on a great war, destroy a city, take
hundreds to their death, all because his wife ran away.  You think
I'm to blame.  Well, I don't see it.  I think it was pride and a
lack of imagination.  He, not I, caused all those deaths, though he
acted with a clear conscience and is rather satisfied with himself,
and I knew I was doing a tragic thing, though I couldn't help it.
Which of us is really responsible for the suffering that followed?
I think a decent man could lose his wife without bringing on a

"Don't you think a wife should be punished for deserting her

"It depends upon the wife and the husband," said Helen.  "I should
have to know the special case you refer to."

"I was thinking of you," said Orestes.

"Perhaps I should be punished--perhaps I am punished, but not by
Menelaus.  He got his friends to destroy Troy and let themselves be
killed, but here he and I are back again.  I know he feels he
accomplished something, and I think it best not to ask him what."

"Why not?"

"For the same reason that I should not ask you what you accomplished
when you punished your mother, or what she accomplished when she
killed your father.  It's kind to ask people only their intentions;
if we saw the true meaning of what we have done, perhaps we couldn't

"You confuse me terribly--you can't know how terribly!"

"Yes, I can," said Helen.  "I did it deliberately.  You came here
thinking me a bad woman, and yourself something of a martyr to
duty.  You were right about yourself; you are a martyr to what you
thought was your duty.  So was your mother.  But after what I have
said, you are not so sure.  You probably continue to think me bad,
but you see that it might not be so easy to prove, if we came to an
argument about it.  About my own conduct, Orestes, I have long been
confused.  But I won't hang my head over anything I've done.  I'll
take what retribution life has for me; if it has none, I'll be
thankful that what I did isn't so bad as I feared."

"That's a terribly dangerous doctrine," said Orestes.

"I'm not trying to convert you to it," said Helen.  "I merely
wanted to explain myself, and perhaps to comfort you a little.
Some of the wrong we do is crime, and some error; our mistakes
ought to be less tragic than our sins, but it often turns out the
other way.  You, I think, have made some terrible mistakes, but
that won't interfere with our friendship.  Of course I do hope you
won't repeat them."

"What you say sounds kind and I'm grateful for it, but it still
seems immoral," said Orestes.

"Perhaps it is," said Helen.  "It's the best I can do.  At any
rate, there are no hard feelings between us?"

"I don't approve of your visit to Troy, and all that," said
Orestes, "but that's past."

"I'm afraid it is," said Helen,

"That doesn't sound like repentance," said Orestes.

"I hope it doesn't," said Helen.

"Menelaus may have some hard feelings toward me, if you haven't,"
said Orestes.  "Queer I didn't think of that before!  It's no use
for us to be reconciled, if he continues vindictive."

"He's not vindictive," said Helen.  "He's all for punishing the
wicked.  The two things may look the same, but they're not.  At
present he wouldn't even speak to you, but in time he'll come
round.  He rather admires you--you were his favourite suitor for
Hermione, from the first."

"Hermione told me so.  She thought her father was very much on her
side, but lately she has felt that he--well, she said he betrayed

"Hermione must get over thinking that people have betrayed her when
they only disagree with her.  Do you think you and she can get
along, after all this excitement has died down?"

"Of course we can--the excitement, as you call it, has been no aid
to our love."

"Oh, don't you think so?" said Helen.  "Hermione wants to help you.
You've got to keep on needing help."

"I think you misunderstand our relation," said Orestes.  "We are
born companions.  I was glad to marry her."

"Poor boy, was that all?"

"I mean, I hoped we could marry soon, but I saw no prospect of
giving her the home she deserves--they won't let me go back to my
father's house.  After that ghastly quarrel with Pyrrhus, I
realised at once that Hermione would be compromised in the scandal
if she were not my wife.  In fact, it was her usual good sense that
saw the point first, but as soon as she urged it, I knew she was
right, and I was glad for her sake to marry without delay--though,
of course, it wasn't the moment you'd choose for a wedding."

"She's very much like Clytemnestra," said Helen.

"You don't know how I hate to hear you say that!" said Orestes.

"I beg your pardon!" said Helen.  "It was worse than tactless."

"The trouble is," said Orestes, "I've noticed the resemblance
myself, and at a most unfortunate moment.  When I struck Pyrrhus
down she was glad.  I never saw such a look on another face--but
one.  It has haunted me to so painful a degree that I wonder
whether my mind has not been ruined by what I've gone through.  If
I'm to see my mother and my father and Pyrrhus in the faces of
those about me--if all this blood is going to poison the least
taste of happiness--Oh, you can't guess how horrible it is!  And I
can't talk to Hermione about it, because it concerns her, and
besides, she wouldn't entirely understand; she doesn't seem to have
any misgivings about what she does.  You're the one person to whom
I've spoken, and when I came I had no idea of confiding such a
thing to you."

"I am glad you did, Orestes--proud to have your confidence.  If it
is a sign of a ruined mind to see a resemblance to Clytemnestra in
Hermione, my mind has been ruined for a long time.  She has her
aunt's positive feeling on any subject she notices at all; there's
no light and shade to Hermione.  I can think of her as marrying a
man or murdering him, but nothing in between.  Her adverse
judgments are severe.  One of my girls in the house was recently
betrayed by a scandalously mean lover, and when we found that she
would have a child, Hermione wanted her dismissed in disgrace."

"Hermione told me about that," said Orestes.  "I must say I agreed
with her entirely.  There are limits to broad-mindedness."

"I have always found that there were," said Helen.  "You and
Hermione must work out those things for yourselves, but you are
right in thinking she is like your mother.  I never could see that
she resembled me."

"Not in the slightest!" said Orestes.

"She does resemble her father in some ways," Helen went on, "and I
hope you will do what you can to bring those two together again.
Menelaus is devoted to her--she is the person he loves best in the
world; it's often so with fathers and daughters.  Menelaus tried to
discourage her from marrying you, and she took offence.  Since you
have won her, you can afford to be generous and reconcile them.  It
wouldn't be a good thing for her or for him to go on through the
rest of their days cherishing a grudge."

"She told me about it," said Orestes, "and of course I shall want
to do whatever is right, but I must say the things Menelaus chose
to slander me with are not easy to forget.  He has a hasty temper,
Hermione tells me, and once he has taken a position, he is
stubborn.  Hermione deplores that trait in him, as the chief cause
of their sad relations.  I don't see at the moment how I can
interfere.  If Menelaus is in the wrong, he ought to make the first
advances.  I certainly can't apologise for the unpleasant remarks
he made at my expense."

"Perhaps the situation is impossible," said Helen.

"Forgive me for mentioning it.  But you may be able to approach
Menelaus--or Hermione, whichever you think best--and effect an
understanding.  If you can't do it, nobody can.  I have faith in
your wisdom."

"It is difficult, as you say, but of course I'll do my best," said


"I've come to say good-bye, father.  Orestes and I start to-morrow."

"I'm sorry, Hermione--I don't want to lose you.  And going off with

"Don't say anything against him, father!  You'll understand him
better, perhaps, some day."

"That won't be a reason for liking him better.  Just where are you
going on your wedding-journey--or is it a secret?"

"We don't know exactly.  To Delphi, Orestes says, but that doesn't
sound interesting to me.  The main thing is, he needs a complete
change.  We'll hit on some place that suits us both."

"When are you coming back?" said Menelaus.

"We haven't the remotest idea, but it won't be soon.  Orestes can't
stay at home, of course, and we both of us need to see the world."

"Well, you know what I think of it all," said Menelaus.  "You'll
probably starve, or you would if you hadn't something to fall back
on besides your husband.  I've asked Eteoneus to put together some
food and some treasure; one of the men will carry it wherever you
tell him to."

"Thank you, father, but I can't take it.  Orestes will provide very
well, I'm sure."

"He hasn't a thing in the world," said Menelaus, "and he has no
friends now."

"Even if that is so, I can't accept your gift," said Hermione.
"Unless you have changed your mind and will receive Orestes."

"I'll never speak to him!" said Menelaus.

"You see why I can't take it.  Good-bye, father."

"You can do this at least," said Menelaus.  "If ever you are in
serious trouble, let me know.  There's no point in your going
without anything when your mother and I have plenty."

"You'll never hear from me again," said Hermione, "unless you
accept my husband."

"Isn't it enough for you to marry him?" said Menelaus.  "Must I
love him, too?"

"You know very well what I mean; unless you treat Orestes like a
normal son-in-law, and not like a criminal, I cannot consider
myself any longer a member of this family."

"Well, there's nothing to say, then.  Good-bye.  Tell Eteoneus, as
you go out, to unpack those things and put them back in the

"Oh, there's one thing I meant to say, and I almost forgot," said
Hermione.  "I think you're a little hard on mother."

"Hard on your mother, did you say?  Since when?"

"Ever since you came back--though I realised it only recently.  You
misjudge her, and you say things to her that might be interpreted
as criticism.  A person as sensitive as she is must find her
position at times uncomfortable.  I hope, for your sake and hers,
you'll try to understand her point of view."

"I had no idea the curse worked so quickly!" said Menelaus.
"You've lost your mind."

"Don't worry about that curse, father--it isn't going to come off.
I've still the same mind I inherited, and you used to say I took
after you.  Mother and I disagreed about Orestes, and in general
she and I are quite different, but I'm just beginning to see her
quality.  There's nothing little about her.  She's magnanimous."

"I never heard such nonsense in my life, and if you still have your
wits about you, Hermione, you won't try to tell me that I've been
less than generous to your mother.  She's the magnanimous one, is

"I didn't mean to set up a contrast between you," said Hermione,
"but only to speak of her large-mindedness.  Since you mention it,
however, there was a contrast on the occasion when I first noticed
this remarkable trait in her.  You know how she always says you
should do your criticising in advance, and afterwards drop it?  I
had no idea she would live up to that if she had to do the
forgiving.  But when we learned that Orestes had killed her sister,
did you notice how quickly she pulled herself together, and refused
to expel Orestes from the family circle?"

"A parable for my benefit, eh?" said Menelaus.  "It's clever--I see
your brain is still working, daughter, but so is mine.  Orestes is
outside the family circle, so far as I'm concerned.  I've my own
opinion of your mother's magnanimity."

"May I hear what it is?" said Hermione.  "I can't imagine anything
finer than such a prompt reaching out of kindness to a person who
had brought so great a sorrow on you.  It's the first time I saw
the unselfish side of mother; perhaps I've been overlooking the
other occasions when she was equally generous."

"They haven't been many, even granting this one, which I don't.
You say I fail to understand your mother.  You're quite right.  The
only thing about her I understand is her looks, and I don't
understand how they last so well.  To my eyes, she never has been
so splendid as during these weeks, when heavy blows have fallen on
her.  She was the same way that night at Troy.  Her beauty can rise
to a critical moment!"

"Of course she's very handsome," said Hermione, "but it was of her
character I was speaking."

"I'm coming to her character now," said Menelaus.  "I spoke of her
beauty first, as being of some importance.  I'm really not sure she
has any character; I wonder if she has a heart.  Do you know--I can
speak to you more intimately about your mother, now you're married--
do you know I never saw your mother excited about anything.  She
says she was passionately in love with Paris--passionately!  I wish
I could have seen her in the state of mind she describes.  Before
she ran off with him, she was treating him with that calm detached
sort of courtesy she has for almost anybody; each time she began to
speak to him, I was worried with the fear that she had forgotten
his name.  Imagine how I felt when she went off with him!  And
imagine how I feel when she talks to me--to me, in that brazen way
of hers--about the passion she had for Paris!  She's a very selfish
person, I say.  Always determined to be frank!  Who wants her to be
frank?  You'd think she was yielding to a public demand.  Now, this
wish to send for Orestes at once.  What reason had she for fancying
he wished to come?"

"Father, I'm the last one to say mother treated you kindly, or
behaved properly.  I meant only that she has a magnanimous side I
hadn't noticed, and perhaps you haven't noticed it either.  She can
allow for a different point of view, and she's not stubborn.  You
are, father, a little bit, you know, and perhaps that's why you
don't get on better with her."

"I don't know what Orestes would say if he heard this talk," said
Menelaus, "but it bodes no good for him.  He may prove to be as
forgiving a husband as I have been, but will he get the slightest
credit for it?  No!  They'll say that you are magnanimous!"

"Father, are you getting mixed in your figures of speech, or do you
really expect me to duplicate mother's career?  Not even Orestes
thinks I have the equipment.  Since he saw mother, he has praised
me for everything but my looks."

"But he hasn't seen her since he was a baby!"

"He saw her two days ago--had a very satisfactory talk with her.
That's exceedingly fine when you come to think of it; his mother
was her sister, yet she was positively sympathetic, Orestes said,
and didn't upbraid him, nor imply that he was beyond mercy, not a
syllable of that kind.  Orestes confirmed my impression that with
all her faults, she's a very remarkable woman."

"Again I get your meaning," said Menelaus.  "If Helen, with a
greater grief, can forgive Orestes and treat him cordially, why
cannot Menelaus, who after all lost no relative by the sword of
Orestes--only an unwelcome guest.  Well, there's room for only one
remarkable person of that kind in this family.  I give way to

"You really are mistaken," said Hermione.  "Of course you think I
am speaking for Orestes, but really it's for you.  Orestes and I
are going on a journey, and whether or not you appreciate him is
only a matter of sentiment with me.  But I'd like to feel that you
and mother were entirely happy again--my own happiness makes me
wish that for mother--and I begin to see that the chief obstacle is
your lack of--"

"Do you realise how impertinent you are?" said Menelaus.  "What
business is it of yours whether or not your mother is happy with
me?  And how would you know whether I understood her?  You have
been at swords' points with her yourself, so far as I could see,
until this very moment, and I believe you haven't the temperament
to see things her way, even if you cared to.  You must remember
I've been rather intimate with Helen and her doings for a longer
time than you've been alive; she's almost an intuitive habit with
me now.  I understand her all right.  Don't worry.  If she isn't
happy it's her own fault.  I suppose you still admit she has

"What are they, father?  She is human, of course, but I'd like to
hear you name the things you would like to change.  Her

"We'll discuss her character," said Menelaus.  "I've just told you
I believe she has no heart.  She can do anything at all, or have
the most tragic things happen to her, and not be disturbed in the
slightest.  She's without feelings.  Then I might as well say I
think her utterly immoral.  Almost every sin has a bright side for
her.  If she elopes from her home and gets caught and brought back,
she says 'My mistake!' and goes on as though nothing had happened,
and she doesn't always say it's her mistake.  That's the
magnanimity you are praising.  She has had so much practice
forgiving herself, she can forgive anybody now."

"I knew you didn't understand.  Have you ever thought of sitting
down and talking with her about her philosophy of life?  It would
be illuminating.  Orestes said this morning that if he hadn't heard
her talk on the subject of his own troubles, he would never have
caught the angle from which her conduct can be understood."

"I've said so much against your husband, Hermione, that I'm
reluctant to imply anything further, but strictly with reference to
your mother I'll confess I'd have to commit a few murders before I
could catch that angle.  Your mother's philosophy would do me no
good, if she has one, but I suspect she moves from point to point
in her life without a settled plan."

"Orestes says she made such an interesting distinction between sin
and error."

"Oh, that!" said Menelaus.  "That part of her philosophy we work
out frequently.  She makes all the mistakes and I commit all the

"No, seriously--she told him that her calmness, what you call her
coldness, is simply her resolve to take the consequences of any
action once it is done.  Our marriage, for instance; she said
frankly that she disapproved while it was debatable, but now it was
over, she wished us joy and wanted to be friends.  She told Orestes
to look on his own experiences the same way.  If he had done his
best, he should have no regrets, not even if the consequences
proved he had done wrong.  You see she is too proud to go about
saying she is sorry; she prefers to accept the punishment, if there
is any--and usually, she says, there isn't."

"I don't believe she's sorry at all--you've got that wrong, but I
believe she's too proud.  As for the rest of it, I don't get it
very clearly.  Orestes liked the doctrine, did he?"

"I wouldn't quite say that.  He thinks it's dangerous unless
carefully applied.  But he has said several times that he'd like to
talk with her again about it, and he believes he could clarify the
ideas for her, and take the danger out, in a little quiet
conversation.  If he can, why can't you?"

"Because I'm her husband," said Menelaus.  "Are you going to let
him continue those ethical discussions?"

"There may not be time until we come back, and that will be, as I
said, not soon.  But he is hoping to see her to-morrow before we
go.  He thinks as I do, that you cannot have seen the possibilities
in her character."

"Hermione, keep your husband away from her!  He's simply another
victim.  That woman has only one career--to be fascinating.  She'd
rather have Pyrrhus than Orestes, but Orestes will do.  The upshot
will be that he will become discontented with you--you see if he
doesn't!  I dare say she told him she greatly admired his ideas, or
something, and flattered the fool.  Those tricks no longer deceive
me, that's why I'm disqualified for any little chats with her about
the philosophy of life."

"Mother isn't flirting with Orestes, if that's what you mean.
Orestes is not the easily flattered kind.  And she didn't say she
admired him--only that she was sorry for him.  He thought her whole
position showed remarkable self-respect."

"She has that," said Menelaus.  "Did your husband say he thought
she was extremely beautiful?"

"No, only that she was far handsomer than he had been led to

"You see--he's cautious with you already!  Don't let him see her
again, Hermione.  It has happened too often for me to mistake the
symptoms.  He will talk to her for her good, and she will listen in
the most docile flattery, and she won't say a word that isn't
correct, but he will never get over it.  He'll dream of her waking
and sleeping, and in her honour he may finally throw away his life,
as Paris did, though I doubt if she elopes with any more of them.
You think you have a good husband.  I begin to see that keeping him
out of this house was a kindness to you.  If you only had shielded
him from Helen!"

"If there is any real danger," said Hermione, "I wish I had thought
of it in time.  It's easier not to get Orestes started than to stop
him afterwards.  I thought, of course, it would be to his advantage
to see mother, since she suggested it.  You remember I didn't like
the proposal at first, and then I had to persuade him to go.  But
he certainly is ready to go the second time.  How do you think I
had better divert him?"

"Get him away if you can," said Menelaus.  "If you begin telling
him not to admire her, he'll guess that you're jealous.  I wish I
could tell him a few things!"

"Wouldn't he suspect that you were jealous then?" said Hermione.
"And you wouldn't talk to another man about your wife, would you?
I come back to my first view--you do mother an injustice.  If you
would talk to her about herself in a cordial and sympathetic way--
and it ought to be very easy to be at least as sympathetic and
cordial as Orestes was when he went--you would be sensible of her
appeal, quite apart from the sort of charm that causes you to be
jealous.  Don't waste time talking to Orestes--talk to her.  Last
night, when he happened to be on the subject, Orestes made a wise
remark, I thought; he said he imagined that some married people
have never exchanged ideas with each other to the same extent as
with their casual neighbours, because most marriages begin
irrationally, in passion, and since there's no connection between
passion and intelligence, when the passion fades they don't know
how to proceed to the other form of discourse.  I thought that was
clever, don't you?  It made me glad that he and I came together
through--well, you might call it conviction, rather than a less
worthy kind of attraction."

"H'm!" said Menelaus.  "Your mother would say that passion is a
form of intelligence.  When she gets on that love-of-life talk, she
makes me uncomfortable because I half think she means I don't love
her enough.  If I loved her as she imagines she deserves, she'd say
I had all the love of life necessary.  I never meant to say this to
anyone, but I'd feel relieved to put it into words.  When I first
met her, she was no more beautiful than she is now, I dare say, but
she had the added effect of novelty; you couldn't conceive of such
a person if you hadn't seen for yourself.  When she chose me, I
won't say I felt as though it were a dream, or anything of that
sort; I just felt that she had made a mistake.  The other suitors
would have felt the same way.  I couldn't persuade myself that I
belonged to that loveliness.  When we were safely married and I
took her home, and we were supposed to be settling down to a normal
existence, I was pretty much in torment; I wanted her, I had got
her, and she always seemed to be contemplating me as you might an
infant, half amused; it seemed as though she were saying to
herself, 'He wants to worship this beauty!  Well, let him go ahead
and worship.  But he's not quite up to it, poor child!'  The fact
is, Hermione, I wasn't up to it, and I never have been.  I can't do
without her, and I don't know what to do with her.  Ordinary beauty
calls for human embraces, in the love we are accustomed to speak
of, but the men who have had Helen in their arms have all been
baffled and humbled; you can't embrace a stream of music, or light
on the sea.  You needn't tell me--I know she has craved for a lover
who would be her equal, but there is none.  In my heart I forgave
her long ago, especially since Paris was no more of a success than
I.  The reason I didn't kill her that night was that when I saw her
there she seemed younger than ever, and strangely virginal; and it
came over me that in the sense in which I have been speaking,
nobody, not even I, had ever loved her, and since I had failed,
there was no point in punishing her.  Of course, she was looking
her best that night, too.  But the moment we had words, I began to
be irritated with her, as I was before Paris came.  She is so
inaccessible, she makes me feel so inadequate, she is so close to
laughing at me most of the time. . . .  Well, this is more than I
intended to say.  You may forget it at once.  Whatever you do,
don't repeat it to Orestes.  But you see, I understand your mother
from my point of view, and since you have hers, as you think, you
might as well have mine.  We shan't be different now, not in any
marked respect.  She will be lovelier as she grows older, and I
dare say I shall be more irritable."

"You really are in love with her, aren't you?" said Hermione.
"She's not nearly so beautiful as you think her."

"I ought to have said," Menelaus went on, "that the full quality of
her charm has never been discernible to her own sex.  The instinct
of self-preservation, I suppose."

"Do you know," said Hermione, "since you have confessed so much,
I'll admit that I'm jealous of mother.  I mean, I'm afraid that her
charm will upset Orestes.  You've convinced me!  I wish you'd help
me, father!"

"I'll do anything I can."

"Then I've an idea--see Orestes to-morrow!  If you'll see him and
forgive him in the hour he would have spent with mother, I'll look
after him from then on!"

"Of course, this isn't a neat little plot!" said Menelaus.  "You
never intended to work me into a position where I'd have to receive
your husband!  Oh, no!"


"Your going is a particular grief to me," said Helen, "because I
fear I'm partly the cause of it.  I shouldn't want you to leave us,
anyway, but it's worse if it's personal.  I'm not accustomed to
have people leave me."

"When Menelaus brought you home," said Eteoneus, "I told him I was
too old to take up with new ideas, and perhaps I ought to retire.
The new ideas I referred to were some of Hermione's and her
husband's.  Ever since, I've tried to find out where I stood.
Sometimes I could follow what you were all doing and saying,
sometimes I couldn't.  It has been very wearing.  When I wake in
the morning now, I catch myself groaning and saying, instinctively,
'My God, must I get up to it again!' and at night when I go to bed
my pulse isn't steady--I'm all in a flutter.  It's time I went."

"It must have been a frightful ordeal for you in the last weeks,"
said Helen.  "I shall never be able to thank you enough for your
loyalty to us while we were in deep trouble.  But it's over now,
don't you think?  If you stay with us, we can promise you quiet at

"Isn't somebody going to kill Orestes?" said Eteoneus.  "That's
logically the next step."

"Perhaps, but I believe he is safe.  After all, he and Pyrrhus had
a perfectly open fight, and the popular version is that they fought
over Hermione.  You know how people feel about such things--they
don't take revenge on the man who wins the woman, not after a fair
fight.  I don't see much sense in it all--the fighting or anything
else, but that's the way they do it.  I quite understand your
reluctance to report more of such adventures--the murder of
Orestes, for example."

"Now that he has married Hermione," said Eteoneus.  "If they had
cut him down before, I could have stood it.  But the difficulty
isn't in that sort of adventure; it's in the general atmosphere of
the home.  When you married Menelaus and came here, I could see at
once that something was going to happen.  The presentiment grew
each year, until you finally ran away.  That was a great relief to
me, not because I disliked you, but because it cleared the air; I
knew just where we stood.  Menelaus would go after you, I would
guard the house, he would return finally, and whatever our grief,
we should go on again normally from that point."

"You are quite right," said Helen.  "I should have died at Troy."

"I don't like to say that," said Eteoneus, "but you see for
yourself!  Now we are back where we were when you first arrived.
There is no prospect of a solution, I should say."

"I have an idea the solution has been found without our help," said
Helen.  "We have been concerned about Hermione's future.  Any
uneasiness of mind which the household have felt on that score,
should be blamed entirely on me.  I deserted Hermione when she
needed my guidance.  Since my return I've seen clearly what she
lost by my absence, and I'm only sorry I can't bear all the
annoyance of her behaviour myself.  As for my love of Paris, I
maintain it was unavoidable, and I have no regrets for it.
Deserting my daughter was another matter."

"It would be hard to keep the two episodes apart, I should think,"
said Eteoneus.  "Do you mean that if you fell in love with another
visitor to the same extent, you would run away again?"

"Certainly," said Helen.

"I'll leave now while it's quiet," said Eteoneus.  "I couldn't go
through it all again, I simply couldn't."

"If you stayed, you might protect me," said Helen.  "You know how
to protect my husband's interests better than any man he's likely
to find.  Very probably I shall never fall in love again, nor
anyone will lose his heart to me."

"I wouldn't put the slightest faith in that.  I didn't blame
Paris," said Eteoneus.  "In a way, I didn't blame you, since, as
you say, you were infatuated with him.  All that was natural
enough, and I knew what to think of it.  And besides, I could see
that Menelaus didn't understand you.  He's had no experience at all
with women."

"He may not have understood me then, but he has no difficulty now.
That's not the trouble with Menelaus.  He's too soft, I'd rather
say.  He never lives out his wisdom.  He knows far more than he
knows what to do with, as to me and other things."

"That's exactly what I've been trying to say!" Eteoneus exclaimed.
"I had no idea you saw it, too."

"Why, Eteoneus," said Helen, "you and I have more ideas in common
than any other two people in the house.  We have had some
experience of the world, and we've thought about what we have seen.
I shall miss you terribly if you leave us.  You could help me from
now on--as indeed you have been helping.  I haven't had the
opportunity before to thank you for what you said to Hermione."

"About women?"


"Why, Menelaus was going to put me out of the house for that!"

"He would feel that way about it," said Helen, "but you told the
truth.  And Hermione needed to hear it.  I suspect Menelaus knew it
was the truth, too.  And from the first you did the right thing
about Orestes.  And you showed a human attitude toward poor
Adraste.  You are really a very noble man!"

"I'm a very ordinary one," said Eteoneus, "and I'm not what I was.
It is kind of you to speak so--in fact, it's the first compliment
I've had from anybody since you went to Troy.  I don't count the
tributes I could pick out of your husband's sarcastic remarks if I

"Oh, he likes you enormously, Eteoneus!  I rather fancy he relies
on you to see that his more foolish commands are not carried out.
If he gets a new man who obeys him literally, the house will be
ruined.  Won't you stay?"

"If you both want me so badly--" said Eteoneus.  "But there are
other difficulties, too.  I'd better go now, before we get in

"Let me hear the other difficulties," said Helen.  "Perhaps we
could reach some solution of them."

"Hermione and Orestes," said Eteoneus.  "We're not done with them.
They think they want to travel indefinitely, but what's
indefinitely?  Menelaus forgave Orestes before they left, and he's
wrapped up in his daughter--"

"He should be," said Helen.

"Oh, I know," said Eteoneus, "but they will come back, that's the
difficulty.  When Menelaus forgave him, it was on the assumption
that they were saying good-bye for ever.  First I had to get that
food and stuff done up in bags for Hermione, then I had to put it
away because she was too proud to accept it, then I had to get it
all out again the next day, and twice as much, for Orestes.  He
wasn't too proud, I can tell you.  And Menelaus made him promise,
without any great difficulty, that if ever Hermione was in need,
they'd let us know.  We'll be feeding them at a distance till they
find it more convenient to be fed close by."

"Orestes will go back to his father's place after a while," said
Helen.  "There's no doubt at all that the very people who are
critical of him now will want him to rule them later.  Then he will
have the best of homes for his wife."

"Do you think he would care to settle down and look after his own
affairs?" said Eteoneus.  "Remember he has grown up in a hide-and-
seek kind of existence, at first eluding his mother, then hunting
gisthus, then waylaying Pyrrhus.  I fancy he is too much
accustomed to it to change.  If he only could take vengeance on
himself for Pyrrhus, he'd be entirely in the vein.  But I can't
imagine him tamed down.  There's nothing really stable about him;
he's one of those people who talk about the established order of
things, but never try it."

"He had the decency to marry my daughter, when she would have been
compromised if he hadn't."

"How do you know he married her?  He told you?  Is that evidence?"

"It's no evidence at all, but I believe him," said Helen.  "I don't
like him, but he tells the truth."

"Well, I'm sorry for their children," said Eteoneus.  "It will be
the greatest race of reformers that was ever invented."

"I take it you are going to stay," said Helen, "and I'm happier
over the prospect than I've been in a long time."

"I didn't say I'd stay," said Eteoneus.

"But you will, won't you?" said Helen.

"Don't you think I'm too old?"

"Not a bit!  You will soon be in your prime as a gate-keeper--you
know all about men, and an extraordinary lot about women, and you
can now act on your knowledge, to the great advantage of all of us.
And whether you were old or not, Menelaus and I should want you to
stay.  We shall love our friends at any age."

"If you put it that way," said Eteoneus, "there doesn't seem to be
so much point in going.  I shall keep my prejudices, of course."

"Of course," said Helen.  "What would a man be without his

"The going to Troy wasn't so bad," said Eteoneus--

"As the coming back," said Helen.  "We understand each other,
Eteoneus.  Thank you for staying, and thank you for this talk.  If
you ever have anything to say that you feel would be helpful to me,
come and tell me."

"I will," said Eteoneus.  "I've enjoyed this talk.  Menelaus and I
always disagree.  Shall I tell him I'm staying, or will you?"

"Neither of us," said Helen.  "Just stay.  If you tell him you are
going to, he'll ask you why, and you won't have a good reason
unless you say I asked you to, and then he may discharge you.  Stay
with us, Eteoneus, without words, and I think the house will be at


"This is as good a place as any to stop at," said Orestes.  "The
view is very fine from this bend in the road, and the shade of this
lonely tree is welcome.  I've had my eye on it for the last half-
mile.  If I had known how heavy your father's supplies would prove,
I would have declined at least half of them."

"We needn't walk much farther to-day," said Hermione.  "What's the
use of hurrying on as if we were afraid of being late somewhere?
We aren't going to any particular place, and it doesn't matter when
we arrive.  I AM tired!"

"Now, don't lose your courage!" said Orestes.  "The main reason for
moving on is that no one seems eager to have us stop.  That house
last night barely put up with us--I was fearful to the end that
they'd risk the sin of inhospitality, and invite us to try some
other door."

"The trouble is, they've all heard about you," said Hermione.  "You
have as wide a reputation as my mother.  They are afraid you'll
murder them in their sleep.  Poor Orestes!"

"Partly," said Orestes, "but when they see a woman with me, they
immediately conclude that you are not formally my wife.  I suppose
they think no one would marry me permanently.  They don't like to
take in women who are not strictly married or unmarried."

"Isn't it strange how people will miss the essentials," said
Hermione, "and fasten on the mere formalities!  If I had brought a
marriage certificate with me, they would be cordial, but without it
they are frigid.  Yet I couldn't be more your wife than I am, even
if there had been no ceremony at all."

"I feel thoroughly married myself," said Orestes.  "Homeless, but
domesticated.  I wonder who is calling on your mother about this

"What made you think of her?"

"Nothing particular," said Orestes.  "I find it comes natural.
Walking up that hill, when you were too much out of breath for
conversation, I was going over some of the things she said, and
what I intended to say if we had met again.  Hermione, I accepted
your father's offer of reconciliation in as ugly a mood as I have
had towards him.  I wouldn't have done it but for you!"

"It was too bad, the way it turned out," said Hermione.  "You
wanted to devote those last minutes to mother.  I'm sure she was
disappointed too, she has so few opportunities for the kind of talk
she likes."

"To spend an hour on Menelaus when it might have been Helen!" said
Orestes.  "She has a fine mind, but it's undisciplined.  She is
very acute in her perceptions, but as far as I could observe, she
follows them to no logical end.  About the difference between error
and sin, and about repenting only in advance, she's essentially
right, but she declines to give those ideas a social application."

"How wise you are," said Hermione.  "What do you mean?"

"Why, she talks as though society were only a name for a group of
human beings, and as though each human being were the important
thing, whereas we know now that 'human being' is just a term for
the social atom.  Until that talk with her, I never understood what
you told me of her love-of-life theory, but it's perfectly plain
now; she's interested in the happiness of the individual, and there
is no sound reason why any individual should be happy.  She ought
to be concerned for the welfare of society.  It's odd that she and
I should have come together, for we have been working on principles
diametrically opposed.  You can't hold aloof from your fellows and
be an individual, as she tries to be; you've got to take your place
in society, as I try to.  Repenting in advance is all very well for
the egotist, but for the socially-minded it's meaningless.  You've
got to punish crime and reward virtue, if you feel any responsibility
for keeping the world going.  She hardly is aware of such ideas, I
should say, and Menelaus is a bit blind to them, too."

"Will you open that smaller wallet?" said Hermione.  "No, father is
not socially-minded, but his individual biscuits are serviceable."

"The hopeful thing to me," said Orestes, "is that her mind runs on
ethical theory.  It's a promising sign, even though her view of the
subject is limited and personal.  You observed, I suppose, that her
theories all throw light on her own conduct.  I should call that a
meagre result.  You can't get very far in modern ethics unless you
approach it as a social problem.  One man on a desert island would
be neither good nor bad."

"Oh, you don't understand her at all!" said Hermione.  "Your own
account of what she said makes it clearer to me than it evidently
is to you.  I'm sure mother would reply to any such illustration as
that, that a single apple on a desert island would be either a good
apple or a bad one, and the same with a single man.  And if society
wasn't there to appreciate the apple, or if society was there and
didn't appreciate the man, so much the worse for society."

"Of course that reply would occur to a half-baked mind," said
Orestes.  "Unless society were there with its standards and
judgments, how would you know what is a good or a bad apple?  Some
like them greenish, some rather mellow."

"You don't mean that right and wrong are a matter of opinion!" said
Hermione.  "I side with mother.  I think there is such a thing as a
good apple.  I wish we had one. . . .  Orestes!  If right and wrong
are a matter of opinion, then you weren't absolutely right in--in
what you did.  You only thought you were!"

"I thought I was, and still think so," said Orestes, "and the chief
reason I think so is that I was following the opinion of the best
society about revenge."

"But not about filial duty," said Hermione.

"You haven't your mother's good sense, nor her tact," said Orestes.
"I had to chose between two social duties, in a case where either
choice would be wrong.  It had to be, as I said, a matter of

"If either choice would have been wrong, there may be something the
matter with those social duties, don't you think?"

"Hermione, what's done is done, and you only add to my unhappiness
by such questions.  You should have talked this way beforehand, or
not at all!"

"That's mother's idea," said Hermione.  "It does help, doesn't it?"

"I don't think it's quite the same idea," said Orestes.  "I didn't
mean to quote your mother."

"Try one of father's biscuits," said Hermione.

"Coming back to where we got off the subject," said Orestes.  "It's
the same way with beauty.  Some people say that beauty is a
positive thing, a kind of possession.  You've noticed the remark
about certain women, that they have great beauty.  Of course that's
wrong.  Beauty is simply an effect--the effect of extreme approval--
a matter of opinion.  When we are wiser we shall say that such
women are beautiful, not that they have beauty, or better still,
we'll say they make the favourable impression called beauty."

"Mother won't mind," said Hermione.  "So long as she always creates
the same impression, the gift will be absolute enough for her."

"But does she always?" said Orestes.  "I've met her only once, you

"Yes, I know," said Hermione.  "But the oftener you look at her,
the more it will be so."

"I'd like to see that for myself," said Orestes.  "But aren't there
buildings, and landscapes, and things, which always excite the same
opinion in people, or so nearly always that you think there's
something peculiar about the people who don't like them?"

"What if there are?"

"Well, I should say that if they always have the same effect, there
may be something constant in them, something in the proportions,
perhaps, or the colours, which you might call beauty.  I wish I had
mother's colouring."

"You may say just as easily that there is something universal in
human nature.  Your mother has had her career because she has
certain physical proportions which you call beauty, or because--"

"Or because men are all alike!" said Hermione.  "I see your point
now.  Shall we walk on?  I don't see a house on the horizon."

"There's one seven miles ahead, if that man was a good judge of
distance," said Orestes.  "We'll get there by nightfall."

"I couldn't walk so far if my life depended on it," said Hermione.
"Can't we sleep out to-night, in some cave or shelter or something?
I've heard of it's being done."

"Have you heard of any cave in the neighbourhood?" said Orestes.
"That's the point.  The country is all flat rocks and sunlight, so
far as I can see.  Let's walk till you want to stop, and we'll
decide then what to do next."

"Orestes, this can't go on, day after day.  We shall perish.  I try
to be cheerful, but I'm giving out."

"You're all right, Hermione," said Orestes.  "You're a bit over-
tired, and perhaps the strain of that reception we got last evening
has told on you.  A night in the open air is just what we want.  At
least we can get away from people.  We could be perfectly happy,
you and I, if it weren't for the people we have to meet."

"Well, I'll try it a little farther."

He got the bundles on his shoulder and started off, and she
followed slowly.  When they had gone half a mile or so, he turned
round and faced her.

"There's another striking thing about your mother," he said.  "Have
you noticed that whenever she addresses you--"


"Menelaus," said Eteoneus, "I think I've done your wife some
injustice, and I'd like to retract several things I said of her--we
needn't recall them.  I've been talking with her."

"You mean you've been looking at her," said Menelaus.  "I quite
understand, and your apology is accepted.  She has a persuading
appearance.  You are not the first."


Of all the heroes who fought at Troy, Odysseus was the last to get
home.  In vain his wife expected him, and Telemachus, his young
son, watching the family fortune as it dwindled, wondered if he
were the head of the house, and if he ought to do something about
it.  The suitors were asking Penelope to marry them, on the
assumption that Odysseus was dead or ought to be, and they were
advancing their plea for her hand by economic pressure, living on
her bounty till she should make up her mind.  Helen had her suitors
at the beginning of her life, Penelope at the end, when she was no
longer young, and her beauty had never been more than, as Orestes
would say, a matter of opinion.  This fact has led some wise men to
suppose that Penelope's story, as we now have it, by some accident
got told backward.  However that may be, the question remains why
the suitors wanted to marry her.  For the property, Telemachus
thought; and to his inexperienced eyes it seemed vast wealth.  But
Ithaca was a rocky barren place.  The first time he travelled, he
had his eyes opened.  Since the annoying suitors came from a
distance, they must have known better.  Just what was in their
minds we can only guess, but that they did besiege poor Penelope
there is no doubt, for when Odysseus returned at last he drew his
bow and slew them, every one.

At one point the story of Telemachus and his absent father is
touched with a memory of Helen, of some value as a picture of her
on the domestic side.

Just before Odysseus made his dramatic reappearance, Telemachus had
grown desperate.  He resolved to slip away by night in a small
boat, with a few trusted men, and sail to Pylos, where Nestor
lived, and then on possibly to Sparta, the home of Menelaus.  If
either of his father's friends could give encouraging news of the
missing man, he would return and wait patiently for another year.
But if they gave him any positive reason to think that Odysseus was
dead, he would go back to Ithaca, put on a bold front, celebrate
his father's funeral, marry off his mother to somebody, he didn't
care which one, send the other suitors away, and take charge of the

He had never left his father's island before.  When he came to
Pylos, he found Nestor just sitting down to a feast, with all his
people around him.  Telemachus was disposed to go home.  He hadn't
his father's gift for oratory, and he was embarrassed to walk up to
Nestor and state his errand before the public gaze.  But he
reminded himself in what a good cause he came, and fortunately
Nestor insisted that he should eat before he talked.  After the
meal the old man opened the conversation himself.  He belonged to
that rough early time that Eteoneus had lived in.  He asked the boy
if he was out on some errand of honest merchandise, or if he was
operating as a pirate.  Telemachus was a little frightened at the
question, but he caught the idea, and let the old man think that
pirating was one of his favourite sports, or would be when he had
more practice.

"But I've come to ask if you have any news at all of my father.  We
have heard nothing at home, for many years, and we've reached the
point where even bad news would be better than this ominous
silence.  We understand that Menelaus is safely home again, and
that Agamemnon got home, but not safely.  Ajax is dead, we
understand, and we have other items about my father's friends, but
not a single word of him, though he was a famous man, with a gift
for exciting comment.  If he had been killed, I should think
someone would have told us.  Where in the world is he?  Will you
tell me how and when you saw him last, and anything you know about
him since?  If the facts are bad, don't soften them; I'd like the

Nestor went off into reminiscences.  Odysseus was his best friend.
He never would tire of remembering their exploits together on the
plains of Troy.  Telemachus was afraid he wouldn't.

"But when it came to our returning," he said, "none of us was wise.
It began the day after the city fell.  How we did celebrate!  Then,
if you please, Agamemnon called the host together to sacrifice!  To
say truth, most of us were carrying a good deal of wine.  Then
Menelaus said he was going home at once--the war was over and there
was nothing to stay for.  Agamemnon insisted on some further
sacrifices, to appease Athena.  Rather foolish of him, I must say,
for if a goddess is angry with you, she's angry, and sacrifice is a
waste of time, among other things.  They talked at each other, but
what they said I couldn't hear; while they were arguing the rest of
us had got excited, and there was the greatest din you ever heard.
We took sides about equally--half of us were for sailing, and half
were for more sacrifices.  I saw it the same way as Menelaus, and
we made up quite a fleet when we set out the next day.  But in the
morning air we found ourselves sober again, and as we sailed on we
grew thoughtful.  It was the reaction, I suppose.  When we had gone
as far as Tenedos, most of us stopped for a few hours and offered
sacrifices, to be on the safe side, but Menelaus went on, or he had
dropped out of the convoy; we saw no more of him.  Your father made
us quite a speech.  He argued that if sacrifices were the thing
after all, he was for no half-way measures, and he turned back to
rejoin Agamemnon.  And that's the last I saw of him.  Not a word
have I heard since.  Most of the others reached their homes.  In
Lesbos I stopped to sacrifice again, to make sure, and I must say
we had a great wind right into the harbour.  Idomeneus--did you
ever hear of him?  The suitor Helen turned down first--he had the
smoothest trip of all, without losing a man, and he's back in Crete
as though nothing had happened.  But that was a nasty trick
gisthus played on Agamemnon!  You've heard, of course, how Orestes
took his revenge?  That's the advantage of having a son--to see
that your murderer gets his deserts.  Odysseus is fortunate, I
don't mind saying, in a boy as enterprising as you seem to be.
He'll come home, if he isn't killed, and if he is killed, you'll go
after the man who did it.  Unless it was the work of providence, of

Telemachus was disappointed.  No news of his father, and apparently
no chance of any, not even from Menelaus.  But his curiosity
extended to other matters also; he was young.  "We heard what
gisthus did to Agamemnon," he said, "but only in the vaguest sort
of way.  We had none of the particulars."

"Well," said Nestor, "that was a remarkable case, if you consider
what a man Agamemnon was, and how little gisthus amounted to.  As
it came to me, gisthus plotted the whole thing, and he intended to
kill Menelaus, too, if he had gone to Mycenae.  Clytemnestra wasn't
so bad.  She held out against the idea for a long time, and
gisthus would never have persuaded her if he hadn't first got rid
of the minstrel.  You know about the minstrel?  Agamemnon left him
as the special protector of his wife.  Whether it was the effect of
his playing--he played and sang every evening--or whether it was
the influence of his inspired character, gisthus could make no
headway with Clytemnestra so long as the minstrel was there.  So he
asked him to go fishing one day, and the minstrel went to keep an
eye on him, and gisthus marooned him on a rock that is covered at
high tide.  Clytemnestra gave in at once.  The thought of his sins
drove gisthus to sacrificing; he was always at his prayers, till
Clytemnestra worried over the loss of cattle.  He was praying when
Orestes found him.  Menelaus stayed at home, by the inspiration of
the gods, and so escaped his brother's fate.  He's at Sparta now,
you know, with Helen.  She's lovelier than ever, they say."

Telemachus said that Sparta would be his next stopping-place.
Perhaps Menelaus might know something of his father.  Nestor
thought not, but it would do no harm to inquire.  So the young man
continued his voyage, hoping for news, and not unmoved by the
prospect of seeing Helen, said to be more beautiful than ever.

When he came to the famous gate where once Paris had knocked,
Eteoneus held him up with some feeble excuse, and hurried to find

"There's another handsome young man outside," he said.  "Do we let
him in?"

"Eteoneus," said Menelaus, "there have been times in your life when
you did not act like a fool.  I wish I could say this was one of
them.  I don't understand your question.  Of course, we let him in!
When I have travelled in the past, I have always been hospitably
entertained, and I dare say it has happened to you.  We must do the
same in our turn, when a traveller comes."

"Now, what's the meaning of that!" said Eteoneus, but not very

Telemachus had seen no such house as this.  The roof was high, and
somehow the smoke got out and the light got in; you would think the
sun or the moon was shining.  The size and the wealth of it
embarrassed him.  He remembered that his father had more brains,
but the thought didn't bring ease of manner.  They took him to the
marble baths, where the attendants embarrassed him further by the
thorough washing they gave him, and they oiled his hair, and put on
him better clothes than he was accustomed to.  Menelaus came to
welcome him, a tall man with beautiful long, dark locks, which
needed no oil to make them shine.  He wasn't so impressive as his
house.  It occurred to Telemachus that he was beginning to miss his
daily exercise at Troy; he was of a full habit.  At the feast which
Menelaus ordered for the guest, he showed that loss of exercise
does not diminish appetite.

"I've never seen a house like this," said Telemachus, "and though I
haven't travelled far, I doubt if there's another such in the
world.  All this bronze and gold and amber, to say nothing of the
silver and ivory!  The court of Zeus himself on Olympus must be
like this--it can't be much finer."

Menelaus put on a sober air, and said that no one ought to compare
himself to the gods, but it certainly was a satisfactory house.
That is, the building.

"But I would exchange a large part of my wealth," he said, "to have
back the years I spent away from this house, and the friends of
mine who died at Troy, or were lost on the way home.  Of course, we
all have to die sometime, and I dare say many of them would now be
in their graves anyway, even if there had been no Troy.  But I'm
sorry for one friend in particular--for Odysseus.  You must have
heard the name.  He did more than any of the others for me, and
here I am home again, and nobody knows where he is, or whether he
is alive at all.  I dare say his old father has a broken heart, and
his wife, and that infant son of his, who must be growing up now."

The mention of his father brought sudden anguish to Telemachus,
sudden because he had had his thoughts on Menelaus' fine house.  He
was about to reveal his name and his errand, when Helen entered
from her vaulted room.  How could it be?  Yet it could be no other!
His mother had been careful to tell him how old Helen was, and he
knew what she had been through.  He had expected Aphrodite, a
sophisticated goddess, charming as sin.  As she walked toward him
he saw that she was young and maidenly, and he knew what Artemis
must be like.  With her came a girl who seemed older but probably
wasn't.  They called her Adraste.  She set a chair for Helen, with
a footstool, and brought her the wool for spinning in a golden
basket set on wheels.  Telemachus forgot his father, forgot his
mother, forgot the suitors.  All his life he tried to be sorry he
forgot, but he never was.

Helen greeted him, and took the wool in her hands, and entered the
conversation as though Telemachus were a very old friend, or as
though she hadn't really noticed him yet.  Then she let her hands
fall in her lap.

"Menelaus, I suppose we shouldn't ask the stranger who he is before
he is ready to tell us, but if he is willing, I'd like to make a
guess at his name."

She looked straight at Telemachus, and he was so happy he felt

"I did not know," she said, "that two people could be so much
alike.  Of course you see the resemblance, Menelaus."

"No, I don't," said Menelaus.

"Oh, you must have, the moment he appeared!"

"Perhaps I must, but I didn't," said Menelaus.

"I'll have to tell you then--Odysseus," said Helen.

"Upon my word, I do see it now!" said Menelaus.  "And I spoke to
him of his father, just before you joined us; I noticed his
interest in what I was saying.  Upon my word!  There's no mistake,
is there?"

Menelaus looked at him, and he looked at Menelaus, and he noticed
an expression on the older man's face which hadn't been there
before his wife came in.  A suggestion of serenity, or almost that;
of satisfaction, let us say.  Telemachus admitted he was himself.
But he wasn't quite himself.  They talked for hours, or Menelaus
did, and since there was no word of his father, Telemachus listened
politely and watched Helen and her weaving hands, and his soul went
out of him utterly.  Then Helen said there had been talk enough,
and Menelaus looked slightly rebuked, but used to it, and he asked
Helen if supper was going to be served.

Helen came to the young man with a goblet of wine in her hand, and

"Who drinks of this wine, they say, forgets all his sorrows for
ever.  It comes from Egypt, where they know the secrets of herbs
and drugs and charms, and there's a magic in it!"

He took it from her, his hand touched hers, and she smiled at him.
It was as she had said; he forgot all his sorrows--as it seemed,
for ever.  But the magic, he knew, was not in the wine.

Menelaus was busy with his food on the other side of the table.

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