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Title:      The Last Man (1826)
Author:     Mary Shelley (1797-1851)
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A Project Gutenberg of Australia eBook

Title:      The Last Man (1826)
Author:     Mary Shelley

Let no man seek
Henceforth to be foretold what shall befall
Him or his children.



I visited Naples in the year 1818.  On the 8th of December of that
year, my companion and I crossed the Bay, to visit the antiquities
which are scattered on the shores of Bai.  The translucent and
shining waters of the calm sea covered fragments of old Roman
villas, which were interlaced by sea-weed, and received diamond
tints from the chequering of the sun-beams; the blue and pellucid
element was such as Galatea might have skimmed in her car of mother
of pearl; or Cleopatra, more fitly than the Nile, have chosen as
the path of her magic ship.  Though it was winter, the atmosphere
seemed more appropriate to early spring; and its genial warmth
contributed to inspire those sensations of placid delight, which
are the portion of every traveller, as he lingers, loath to quit
the tranquil bays and radiant promontories of Bai.

We visited the so-called Elysian Fields and Avernus: and wandered
through various ruined temples, baths, and classic spots; at length
we entered the gloomy cavern of the Cuman Sibyl.  Our Lazzeroni
bore flaring torches, which shone red, and almost dusky, in the
murky subterranean passages, whose darkness thirstily surrounding
them, seemed eager to imbibe more and more of the element of light.
We passed by a natural archway, leading to a second gallery, and
enquired, if we could not enter there also.  The guides pointed to
the reflection of their torches on the water that paved it, leaving
us to form our own conclusion; but adding it was a pity, for it led
to the Sibyl's Cave.  Our curiosity and enthusiasm were excited by
this circumstance, and we insisted upon attempting the passage.  As
is usually the case in the prosecution of such enterprises, the
difficulties decreased on examination.  We found, on each side of
the humid pathway, "dry land for the sole of the foot."  At length
we arrived at a large, desert, dark cavern, which the Lazzeroni
assured us was the Sibyl's Cave.  We were sufficiently disappointed--
Yet we examined it with care, as if its blank, rocky walls could
still bear trace of celestial visitant.  On one side was a small
opening.  "Whither does this lead?" we asked; "can we enter here?"--
"Questo poi, no," said the wild looking savage, who held the
torch; "you can advance but a short distance, and nobody visits

"Nevertheless, I will try it," said my companion; "it may lead to
the real cavern.  Shall I go alone, or will you accompany me?"

I signified my readiness to proceed, but our guides protested
against such a measure.  With great volubility, in their native
Neapolitan dialect, with which we were not very familiar, they told
us that there were spectres, that the roof would fall in, that it
was too narrow to admit us, that there was a deep hole within,
filled with water, and we might be drowned.  My friend shortened
the harangue, by taking the man's torch from him; and we proceeded

The passage, which at first scarcely admitted us, quickly grew
narrower and lower; we were almost bent double; yet still we
persisted in making our way through it.  At length we entered a
wider space, and the low roof heightened; but, as we congratulated
ourselves on this change, our torch was extinguished by a current
of air, and we were left in utter darkness.  The guides bring with
them materials for renewing the light, but we had none--our only
resource was to return as we came.  We groped round the widened
space to find the entrance, and after a time fancied that we had
succeeded.  This proved however to be a second passage, which
evidently ascended.  It terminated like the former; though
something approaching to a ray, we could not tell whence, shed a
very doubtful twilight in the space.  By degrees, our eyes grew
somewhat accustomed to this dimness, and we perceived that there
was no direct passage leading us further; but that it was possible
to climb one side of the cavern to a low arch at top, which
promised a more easy path, from whence we now discovered that this
light proceeded.  With considerable difficulty we scrambled up, and
came to another passage with still more of illumination, and this
led to another ascent like the former.

After a succession of these, which our resolution alone permitted
us to surmount, we arrived at a wide cavern with an arched dome-
like roof.  An aperture in the midst let in the light of heaven;
but this was overgrown with brambles and underwood, which acted as
a veil, obscuring the day, and giving a solemn religious hue to the
apartment.  It was spacious, and nearly circular, with a raised
seat of stone, about the size of a Grecian couch, at one end.  The
only sign that life had been here, was the perfect snow-white
skeleton of a goat, which had probably not perceived the opening as
it grazed on the hill above, and had fallen headlong.  Ages perhaps
had elapsed since this catastrophe; and the ruin it had made above,
had been repaired by the growth of vegetation during many hundred

The rest of the furniture of the cavern consisted of piles of
leaves, fragments of bark, and a white filmy substance, resembling
the inner part of the green hood which shelters the grain of the
unripe Indian corn.  We were fatigued by our struggles to attain
this point, and seated ourselves on the rocky couch, while the
sounds of tinkling sheep-bells, and shout of shepherd-boy, reached
us from above.

At length my friend, who had taken up some of the leaves strewed
about, exclaimed, "This IS the Sibyl's cave; these are Sibylline
leaves."  On examination, we found that all the leaves, bark, and
other substances, were traced with written characters.  What
appeared to us more astonishing, was that these writings were
expressed in various languages: some unknown to my companion,
ancient Chaldee, and Egyptian hieroglyphics, old as the Pyramids.
Stranger still, some were in modern dialects, English and Italian.
We could make out little by the dim light, but they seemed to
contain prophecies, detailed relations of events but lately passed;
names, now well known, but of modern date; and often exclamations
of exultation or woe, of victory or defeat, were traced on their
thin scant pages.  This was certainly the Sibyl's Cave; not indeed
exactly as Virgil describes it, but the whole of this land had been
so convulsed by earthquake and volcano, that the change was not
wonderful, though the traces of ruin were effaced by time; and we
probably owed the preservation of these leaves to the accident
which had closed the mouth of the cavern, and the swift-growing
vegetation which had rendered its sole opening impervious to the
storm.  We made a hasty selection of such of the leaves, whose
writing one at least of us could understand; and then, laden with
our treasure, we bade adieu to the dim hypthric cavern, and after
much difficulty succeeded in rejoining our guides.

During our stay at Naples, we often returned to this cave,
sometimes alone, skimming the sun-lit sea, and each time added to
our store.  Since that period, whenever the world's circumstance
has not imperiously called me away, or the temper of my mind
impeded such study, I have been employed in deciphering these
sacred remains.  Their meaning, wondrous and eloquent, has often
repaid my toil, soothing me in sorrow, and exciting my imagination
to daring flights, through the immensity of nature and the mind of
man.  For a while my labours were not solitary; but that time is
gone; and, with the selected and matchless companion of my toils,
their dearest reward is also lost to me--

     Di mie tenere frondi altro lavoro
     Credea mostrarte; e qual fero pianeta
     Ne' nvidi insieme, o mio nobil tesoro?

I present the public with my latest discoveries in the slight
Sibylline pages.  Scattered and unconnected as they were, I have
been obliged to add links, and model the work into a consistent
form.  But the main substance rests on the truths contained in
these poetic rhapsodies, and the divine intuition which the Cuman
damsel obtained from heaven.

I have often wondered at the subject of her verses, and at the
English dress of the Latin poet.  Sometimes I have thought that,
obscure and chaotic as they are, they owe their present form to me,
their decipherer.  As if we should give to another artist the
painted fragments which form the mosaic copy of Raphael's
Transfiguration in St. Peter's; he would put them together in a
form, whose mode would be fashioned by his own peculiar mind and
talent.  Doubtless the leaves of the Cuman Sibyl have suffered
distortion and diminution of interest and excellence in my hands.
My only excuse for thus transforming them, is that they were
unintelligible in their pristine condition.

My labours have cheered long hours of solitude, and taken me out of
a world, which has averted its once benignant face from me, to one
glowing with imagination and power.  Will my readers ask how I
could find solace from the narration of misery and woeful change?
This is one of the mysteries of our nature, which holds full sway
over me, and from whose influence I cannot escape.  I confess, that
I have not been unmoved by the development of the tale; and that I
have been depressed, nay, agonized, at some parts of the recital,
which I have faithfully transcribed from my materials.  Yet such is
human nature, that the excitement of mind was dear to me, and that
the imagination, painter of tempest and earthquake, or, worse, the
stormy and ruin-fraught passions of man, softened my real sorrows
and endless regrets, by clothing these fictitious ones in that
ideality, which takes the mortal sting from pain.

I hardly know whether this apology is necessary.  For the merits of
my adaptation and translation must decide how far I have well
bestowed my time and imperfect powers, in giving form and substance
to the frail and attenuated Leaves of the Sibyl.


I am the native of a sea-surrounded nook, a cloud-enshadowed land,
which, when the surface of the globe, with its shoreless ocean and
trackless continents, presents itself to my mind, appears only as
an inconsiderable speck in the immense whole; and yet, when
balanced in the scale of mental power, far outweighed countries of
larger extent and more numerous population.  So true it is, that
man's mind alone was the creator of all that was good or great to
man, and that Nature herself was only his first minister.  England,
seated far north in the turbid sea, now visits my dreams in the
semblance of a vast and well-manned ship, which mastered the winds
and rode proudly over the waves.  In my boyish days she was the
universe to me.  When I stood on my native hills, and saw plain and
mountain stretch out to the utmost limits of my vision, speckled by
the dwellings of my countrymen, and subdued to fertility by their
labours, the earth's very centre was fixed for me in that spot, and
the rest of her orb was as a fable, to have forgotten which would
have cost neither my imagination nor understanding an effort.

My fortunes have been, from the beginning, an exemplification of
the power that mutability may possess over the varied tenor of
man's life.  With regard to myself, this came almost by
inheritance.  My father was one of those men on whom nature had
bestowed to prodigality the envied gifts of wit and imagination,
and then left his bark of life to be impelled by these winds,
without adding reason as the rudder, or judgment as the pilot for
the voyage.  His extraction was obscure; but circumstances brought
him early into public notice, and his small paternal property was
soon dissipated in the splendid scene of fashion and luxury in
which he was an actor.  During the short years of thoughtless
youth, he was adored by the high-bred triflers of the day, nor
least by the youthful sovereign, who escaped from the intrigues of
party, and the arduous duties of kingly business, to find never-
failing amusement and exhilaration of spirit in his society.  My
father's impulses, never under his own control, perpetually led him
into difficulties from which his ingenuity alone could extricate
him; and the accumulating pile of debts of honour and of trade,
which would have bent to earth any other, was supported by him with
a light spirit and tameless hilarity; while his company was so
necessary at the tables and assemblies of the rich, that his
derelictions were considered venial, and he himself received with
intoxicating flattery.

This kind of popularity, like every other, is evanescent: and the
difficulties of every kind with which he had to contend increased
in a frightful ratio compared with his small means of extricating
himself.  At such times the king, in his enthusiasm for him, would
come to his relief, and then kindly take his friend to task; my
father gave the best promises for amendment, but his social
disposition, his craving for the usual diet of admiration, and more
than all, the fiend of gambling, which fully possessed him, made
his good resolutions transient, his promises vain.  With the quick
sensibility peculiar to his temperament, he perceived his power in
the brilliant circle to be on the wane.  The king married; and the
haughty princess of Austria, who became, as queen of England, the
head of fashion, looked with harsh eyes on his defects, and with
contempt on the affection her royal husband entertained for him.
My father felt that his fall was near; but so far from profiting by
this last calm before the storm to save himself, he sought to
forget anticipated evil by making still greater sacrifices to the
deity of pleasure, deceitful and cruel arbiter of his destiny.

The king, who was a man of excellent dispositions, but easily led,
had now become a willing disciple of his imperious consort.  He was
induced to look with extreme disapprobation, and at last with
distaste, on my father's imprudence and follies.  It is true that
his presence dissipated these clouds; his warm-hearted frankness,
brilliant sallies, and confiding demeanour were irresistible: it
was only when at a distance, while still renewed tales of his
errors were poured into his royal friend's ear, that he lost his
influence.  The queen's dexterous management was employed to
prolong these absences, and gather together accusations.  At length
the king was brought to see in him a source of perpetual disquiet,
knowing that he should pay for the short-lived pleasure of his
society by tedious homilies, and more painful narrations of
excesses, the truth of which he could not disprove.  The result
was, that he would make one more attempt to reclaim him, and in
case of ill success, cast him off for ever.

Such a scene must have been one of deepest interest and high-
wrought passion.  A powerful king, conspicuous for a goodness which
had heretofore made him meek, and now lofty in his admonitions,
with alternate entreaty and reproof, besought his friend to attend
to his real interests, resolutely to avoid those fascinations which
in fact were fast deserting him, and to spend his great powers on a
worthy field, in which he, his sovereign, would be his prop, his
stay, and his pioneer.  My father felt this kindness; for a moment
ambitious dreams floated before him; and he thought that it would
be well to exchange his present pursuits for nobler duties.  With
sincerity and fervour he gave the required promise: as a pledge of
continued favour, he received from his royal master a sum of money
to defray pressing debts, and enable him to enter under good
auspices his new career.  That very night, while yet full of
gratitude and good resolves, this whole sum, and its amount
doubled, was lost at the gaming-table.  In his desire to repair his
first losses, my father risked double stakes, and thus incurred a
debt of honour he was wholly unable to pay.  Ashamed to apply again
to the king, he turned his back upon London, its false delights and
clinging miseries; and, with poverty for his sole companion, buried
himself in solitude among the hills and lakes of Cumberland.  His
wit, his bon mots, the record of his personal attractions,
fascinating manners, and social talents, were long remembered and
repeated from mouth to mouth.  Ask where now was this favourite of
fashion, this companion of the noble, this excelling beam, which
gilt with alien splendour the assemblies of the courtly and the gay--
you heard that he was under a cloud, a lost man; not one thought
it belonged to him to repay pleasure by real services, or that his
long reign of brilliant wit deserved a pension on retiring.  The
king lamented his absence; he loved to repeat his sayings, relate
the adventures they had had together, and exalt his talents--but
here ended his reminiscence.

Meanwhile my father, forgotten, could not forget.  He repined for
the loss of what was more necessary to him than air or food--the
excitements of pleasure, the admiration of the noble, the luxurious
and polished living of the great.  A nervous fever was the
consequence; during which he was nursed by the daughter of a poor
cottager, under whose roof he lodged.  She was lovely, gentle, and,
above all, kind to him; nor can it afford astonishment, that the
late idol of high-bred beauty should, even in a fallen state,
appear a being of an elevated and wondrous nature to the lowly
cottage-girl.  The attachment between them led to the ill-fated
marriage, of which I was the offspring.

Notwithstanding the tenderness and sweetness of my mother, her
husband still deplored his degraded state.  Unaccustomed to
industry, he knew not in what way to contribute to the support of
his increasing family.  Sometimes he thought of applying to the
king; pride and shame for a while withheld him; and, before his
necessities became so imperious as to compel him to some kind of
exertion, he died.  For one brief interval before this catastrophe,
he looked forward to the future, and contemplated with anguish the
desolate situation in which his wife and children would be left.
His last effort was a letter to the king, full of touching
eloquence, and of occasional flashes of that brilliant spirit which
was an integral part of him.  He bequeathed his widow and orphans
to the friendship of his royal master, and felt satisfied that, by
this means, their prosperity was better assured in his death than
in his life.  This letter was enclosed to the care of a nobleman,
who, he did not doubt, would perform the last and inexpensive
office of placing it in the king's own hand.

He died in debt, and his little property was seized immediately by
his creditors.  My mother, penniless and burthened with two
children, waited week after week, and month after month, in
sickening expectation of a reply, which never came.  She had no
experience beyond her father's cottage; and the mansion of the lord
of the manor was the chiefest type of grandeur she could conceive.
During my father's life, she had been made familiar with the name
of royalty and the courtly circle; but such things, ill according
with her personal experience, appeared, after the loss of him who
gave substance and reality to them, vague and fantastical.  If,
under any circumstances, she could have acquired sufficient courage
to address the noble persons mentioned by her husband, the ill
success of his own application caused her to banish the idea.  She
saw therefore no escape from dire penury: perpetual care, joined to
sorrow for the loss of the wondrous being, whom she continued to
contemplate with ardent admiration, hard labour, and naturally
delicate health, at length released her from the sad continuity of
want and misery.

The condition of her orphan children was peculiarly desolate.  Her
own father had been an emigrant from another part of the country,
and had died long since: they had no one relation to take them by
the hand; they were outcasts, paupers, unfriended beings, to whom
the most scanty pittance was a matter of favour, and who were
treated merely as children of peasants, yet poorer than the
poorest, who, dying, had left them, a thankless bequest, to the
close-handed charity of the land.

I, the elder of the two, was five years old when my mother died.  A
remembrance of the discourses of my parents, and the communications
which my mother endeavoured to impress upon me concerning my
father's friends, in slight hope that I might one day derive
benefit from the knowledge, floated like an indistinct dream
through my brain.  I conceived that I was different and superior to
my protectors and companions, but I knew not how or wherefore.  The
sense of injury, associated with the name of king and noble, clung
to me; but I could draw no conclusions from such feelings, to serve
as a guide to action.  My first real knowledge of myself was as an
unprotected orphan among the valleys and fells of Cumberland.  I
was in the service of a farmer; and with crook in hand, my dog at
my side, I shepherded a numerous flock on the near uplands.  I
cannot say much in praise of such a life; and its pains far
exceeded its pleasures.  There was freedom in it, a companionship
with nature, and a reckless loneliness; but these, romantic as they
were, did not accord with the love of action and desire of human
sympathy, characteristic of youth.  Neither the care of my flock,
nor the change of seasons, were sufficient to tame my eager spirit;
my out-door life and unemployed time were the temptations that led
me early into lawless habits.  I associated with others friendless
like myself; I formed them into a band, I was their chief and
captain.  All shepherd-boys alike, while our flocks were spread
over the pastures, we schemed and executed many a mischievous
prank, which drew on us the anger and revenge of the rustics.  I
was the leader and protector of my comrades, and as I became
distinguished among them, their misdeeds were usually visited upon
me.  But while I endured punishment and pain in their defence with
the spirit of an hero, I claimed as my reward their praise and

In such a school my disposition became rugged, but firm.  The
appetite for admiration and small capacity for self-control which I
inherited from my father, nursed by adversity, made me daring and
reckless.  I was rough as the elements, and unlearned as the
animals I tended.  I often compared myself to them, and finding
that my chief superiority consisted in power, I soon persuaded
myself that it was in power only that I was inferior to the
chiefest potentates of the earth.  Thus untaught in refined
philosophy, and pursued by a restless feeling of degradation from
my true station in society, I wandered among the hills of civilized
England as uncouth a savage as the wolf-bred founder of old Rome.
I owned but one law, it was that of the strongest, and my greatest
deed of virtue was never to submit.

Yet let me a little retract from this sentence I have passed on
myself.  My mother, when dying, had, in addition to her other half-
forgotten and misapplied lessons, committed, with solemn
exhortation, her other child to my fraternal guardianship; and this
one duty I performed to the best of my ability, with all the zeal
and affection of which my nature was capable.  My sister was three
years younger than myself; I had nursed her as an infant, and when
the difference of our sexes, by giving us various occupations, in a
great measure divided us, yet she continued to be the object of my
careful love.  Orphans, in the fullest sense of the term, we were
poorest among the poor, and despised among the unhonoured.  If my
daring and courage obtained for me a kind of respectful aversion,
her youth and sex, since they did not excite tenderness, by proving
her to be weak, were the causes of numberless mortifications to
her; and her own disposition was not so constituted as to diminish
the evil effects of her lowly station.

She was a singular being, and, like me, inherited much of the
peculiar disposition of our father.  Her countenance was all
expression; her eyes were not dark, but impenetrably deep; you
seemed to discover space after space in their intellectual glance,
and to feel that the soul which was their soul, comprehended an
universe of thought in its ken.  She was pale and fair, and her
golden hair clustered on her temples, contrasting its rich hue with
the living marble beneath.  Her coarse peasant-dress, little
consonant apparently with the refinement of feeling which her face
expressed, yet in a strange manner accorded with it.  She was like
one of Guido's saints, with heaven in her heart and in her look, so
that when you saw her you only thought of that within, and costume
and even feature were secondary to the mind that beamed in her

Yet though lovely and full of noble feeling, my poor Perdita (for
this was the fanciful name my sister had received from her dying
parent), was not altogether saintly in her disposition.  Her
manners were cold and repulsive.  If she had been nurtured by those
who had regarded her with affection, she might have been different;
but unloved and neglected, she repaid want of kindness with
distrust and silence.  She was submissive to those who held
authority over her, but a perpetual cloud dwelt on her brow; she
looked as if she expected enmity from every one who approached her,
and her actions were instigated by the same feeling.  All the time
she could command she spent in solitude.  She would ramble to the
most unfrequented places, and scale dangerous heights, that in
those unvisited spots she might wrap herself in loneliness.  Often
she passed whole hours walking up and down the paths of the woods;
she wove garlands of flowers and ivy, or watched the flickering of
the shadows and glancing of the leaves; sometimes she sat beside a
stream, and as her thoughts paused, threw flowers or pebbles into
the waters, watching how those swam and these sank; or she would
set afloat boats formed of bark of trees or leaves, with a feather
for a sail, and intensely watch the navigation of her craft among
the rapids and shallows of the brook.  Meanwhile her active fancy
wove a thousand combinations; she dreamt "of moving accidents by
flood and field"--she lost herself delightedly in these self-
created wanderings, and returned with unwilling spirit to the dull
detail of common life.

Poverty was the cloud that veiled her excellencies, and all that
was good in her seemed about to perish from want of the genial dew
of affection.  She had not even the same advantage as I in the
recollection of her parents; she clung to me, her brother, as her
only friend, but her alliance with me completed the distaste that
her protectors felt for her; and every error was magnified by them
into crimes.  If she had been bred in that sphere of life to which
by inheritance the delicate framework of her mind and person was
adapted, she would have been the object almost of adoration, for
her virtues were as eminent as her defects.  All the genius that
ennobled the blood of her father illustrated hers; a generous tide
flowed in her veins; artifice, envy, or meanness, were at the
antipodes of her nature; her countenance, when enlightened by
amiable feeling, might have belonged to a queen of nations; her
eyes were bright; her look fearless.

Although by our situation and dispositions we were almost equally
cut off from the usual forms of social intercourse, we formed a
strong contrast to each other.  I always required the stimulants of
companionship and applause.  Perdita was all-sufficient to herself.
Notwithstanding my lawless habits, my disposition was sociable,
hers recluse.  My life was spent among tangible realities, hers was
a dream.  I might be said even to love my enemies, since by
exciting me they in a sort bestowed happiness upon me; Perdita
almost disliked her friends, for they interfered with her visionary
moods.  All my feelings, even of exultation and triumph, were
changed to bitterness, if unparticipated; Perdita, even in joy,
fled to loneliness, and could go on from day to day, neither
expressing her emotions, nor seeking a fellow-feeling in another
mind.  Nay, she could love and dwell with tenderness on the look
and voice of her friend, while her demeanour expressed the coldest
reserve.  A sensation with her became a sentiment, and she never
spoke until she had mingled her perceptions of outward objects with
others which were the native growth of her own mind.  She was like
a fruitful soil that imbibed the airs and dews of heaven, and gave
them forth again to light in loveliest forms of fruits and flowers;
but then she was often dark and rugged as that soil, raked up, and
new sown with unseen seed.

She dwelt in a cottage whose trim grass-plat sloped down to the
waters of the lake of Ulswater; a beech wood stretched up the hill
behind, and a purling brook gently falling from the acclivity ran
through poplar-shaded banks into the lake.  I lived with a farmer
whose house was built higher up among the hills: a dark crag rose
behind it, and, exposed to the north, the snow lay in its crevices
the summer through.  Before dawn I led my flock to the sheep-walks,
and guarded them through the day.  It was a life of toil; for rain
and cold were more frequent than sunshine; but it was my pride to
contemn the elements.  My trusty dog watched the sheep as I slipped
away to the rendezvous of my comrades, and thence to the
accomplishment of our schemes.  At noon we met again, and we threw
away in contempt our peasant fare, as we built our fire-place and
kindled the cheering blaze destined to cook the game stolen from
the neighbouring preserves.  Then came the tale of hair-breadth
escapes, combats with dogs, ambush and flight, as gypsy-like we
encompassed our pot.  The search after a stray lamb, or the devices
by which we elude or endeavoured to elude punishment, filled up the
hours of afternoon; in the evening my flock went to its fold, and I
to my sister.

It was seldom indeed that we escaped, to use an old-fashioned
phrase, scot free.  Our dainty fare was often exchanged for blows
and imprisonment.  Once, when thirteen years of age, I was sent for
a month to the county jail.  I came out, my morals unimproved, my
hatred to my oppressors increased tenfold.  Bread and water did not
tame my blood, nor solitary confinement inspire me with gentle
thoughts.  I was angry, impatient, miserable; my only happy hours
were those during which I devised schemes of revenge; these were
perfected in my forced solitude, so that during the whole of the
following season, and I was freed early in September, I never
failed to provide excellent and plenteous fare for myself and my
comrades.  This was a glorious winter.  The sharp frost and heavy
snows tamed the animals, and kept the country gentlemen by their
firesides; we got more game than we could eat, and my faithful dog
grew sleek upon our refuse.

Thus years passed on; and years only added fresh love of freedom,
and contempt for all that was not as wild and rude as myself.  At
the age of sixteen I had shot up in appearance to man's estate; I
was tall and athletic; I was practised to feats of strength, and
inured to the inclemency of the elements.  My skin was embrowned by
the sun; my step was firm with conscious power.  I feared no man,
and loved none.  In after life I looked back with wonder to what I
then was; how utterly worthless I should have become if I had
pursued my lawless career.  My life was like that of an animal, and
my mind was in danger of degenerating into that which informs brute
nature.  Until now, my savage habits had done me no radical
mischief; my physical powers had grown up and flourished under
their influence, and my mind, undergoing the same discipline, was
imbued with all the hardy virtues.  But now my boasted independence
was daily instigating me to acts of tyranny, and freedom was
becoming licentiousness.  I stood on the brink of manhood;
passions, strong as the trees of a forest, had already taken root
within me, and were about to shadow with their noxious overgrowth,
my path of life.

I panted for enterprises beyond my childish exploits, and formed
distempered dreams of future action.  I avoided my ancient
comrades, and I soon lost them.  They arrived at the age when they
were sent to fulfil their destined situations in life; while I, an
outcast, with none to lead or drive me forward, paused.  The old
began to point at me as an example, the young to wonder at me as a
being distinct from themselves; I hated them, and began, last and
worst degradation, to hate myself.  I clung to my ferocious habits,
yet half despised them; I continued my war against civilization,
and yet entertained a wish to belong to it.

I revolved again and again all that I remembered my mother to have
told me of my father's former life; I contemplated the few relics I
possessed belonging to him, which spoke of greater refinement than
could be found among the mountain cottages; but nothing in all this
served as a guide to lead me to another and pleasanter way of life.
My father had been connected with nobles, but all I knew of such
connection was subsequent neglect.  The name of the king,--he to
whom my dying father had addressed his latest prayers, and who had
barbarously slighted them, was associated only with the ideas of
unkindness, injustice, and consequent resentment.  I was born for
something greater than I was--and greater I would become; but
greatness, at least to my distorted perceptions, was no necessary
associate of goodness, and my wild thoughts were unchecked by moral
considerations when they rioted in dreams of distinction.  Thus I
stood upon a pinnacle, a sea of evil rolled at my feet; I was about
to precipitate myself into it, and rush like a torrent over all
obstructions to the object of my wishes--when a stranger influence
came over the current of my fortunes, and changed their boisterous
course to what was in comparison like the gentle meanderings of a
meadow-encircling streamlet.


I lived far from the busy haunts of men, and the rumour of wars or
political changes came worn to a mere sound, to our mountain
abodes.  England had been the scene of momentous struggles, during
my early boyhood.  In the year 2073, the last of its kings, the
ancient friend of my father, had abdicated in compliance with the
gentle force of the remonstrances of his subjects, and a republic
was instituted.  Large estates were secured to the dethroned
monarch and his family; he received the title of Earl of Windsor,
and Windsor Castle, an ancient royalty, with its wide demesnes were
a part of his allotted wealth.  He died soon after, leaving two
children, a son and a daughter.

The ex-queen, a princess of the house of Austria, had long impelled
her husband to withstand the necessity of the times.  She was
haughty and fearless; she cherished a love of power, and a bitter
contempt for him who had despoiled himself of a kingdom.  For her
children's sake alone she consented to remain, shorn of regality, a
member of the English republic.  When she became a widow, she
turned all her thoughts to the educating her son Adrian, second
Earl of Windsor, so as to accomplish her ambitious ends; and with
his mother's milk he imbibed, and was intended to grow up in the
steady purpose of re-acquiring his lost crown.  Adrian was now
fifteen years of age.  He was addicted to study, and imbued beyond
his years with learning and talent: report said that he had already
begun to thwart his mother's views, and to entertain republican
principles.  However this might be, the haughty Countess entrusted
none with the secrets of her family-tuition.  Adrian was bred up in
solitude, and kept apart from the natural companions of his age and
rank.  Some unknown circumstance now induced his mother to send him
from under her immediate tutelage; and we heard that he was about
to visit Cumberland.  A thousand tales were rife, explanatory of
the Countess of Windsor's conduct; none true probably; but each day
it became more certain that we should have the noble scion of the
late regal house of England among us.

There was a large estate with a mansion attached to it, belonging
to this family, at Ulswater.  A large park was one of its
appendages, laid out with great taste, and plentifully stocked with
game.  I had often made depredations on these preserves; and the
neglected state of the property facilitated my incursions.  When it
was decided that the young Earl of Windsor should visit Cumberland,
workmen arrived to put the house and grounds in order for his
reception.  The apartments were restored to their pristine
splendour, and the park, all disrepairs restored, was guarded with
unusual care.

I was beyond measure disturbed by this intelligence.  It roused all
my dormant recollections, my suspended sentiments of injury, and
gave rise to the new one of revenge.  I could no longer attend to
my occupations; all my plans and devices were forgotten; I seemed
about to begin life anew, and that under no good auspices.  The tug
of war, I thought, was now to begin.  He would come triumphantly to
the district to which my parent had fled broken-hearted; he would
find the ill-fated offspring, bequeathed with such vain confidence
to his royal father, miserable paupers.  That he should know of our
existence, and treat us, near at hand, with the same contumely
which his father had practised in distance and absence, appeared to
me the certain consequence of all that had gone before.  Thus then
I should meet this titled stripling--the son of my father's friend.
He would be hedged in by servants; nobles, and the sons of nobles,
were his companions; all England rang with his name; and his
coming, like a thunderstorm, was heard from far: while I,
unlettered and unfashioned, should, if I came in contact with him,
in the judgment of his courtly followers, bear evidence in my very
person to the propriety of that ingratitude which had made me the
degraded being I appeared.

With my mind fully occupied by these ideas, I might be said as if
fascinated, to haunt the destined abode of the young Earl.  I
watched the progress of the improvements, and stood by the unlading
waggons, as various articles of luxury, brought from London, were
taken forth and conveyed into the mansion.  It was part of the Ex-
Queen's plan, to surround her son with princely magnificence.  I
beheld rich carpets and silken hangings, ornaments of gold, richly
embossed metals, emblazoned furniture, and all the appendages of
high rank arranged, so that nothing but what was regal in splendour
should reach the eye of one of royal descent.  I looked on these; I
turned my gaze to my own mean dress.--Whence sprung this
difference?  Whence but from ingratitude, from falsehood, from a
dereliction on the part of the prince's father, of all noble
sympathy and generous feeling.  Doubtless, he also, whose blood
received a mingling tide from his proud mother--he, the
acknowledged focus of the kingdom's wealth and nobility, had been
taught to repeat my father's name with disdain, and to scoff at my
just claims to protection.  I strove to think that all this
grandeur was but more glaring infamy, and that, by planting his
gold-enwoven flag beside my tarnished and tattered banner, he
proclaimed not his superiority, but his debasement.  Yet I envied
him.  His stud of beautiful horses, his arms of costly workmanship,
the praise that attended him, the adoration, ready servitor, high
place and high esteem,--I considered them as forcibly wrenched from
me, and envied them all with novel and tormenting bitterness.

To crown my vexation of spirit, Perdita, the visionary Perdita,
seemed to awake to real life with transport, when she told me that
the Earl of Windsor was about to arrive.

"And this pleases you?" I observed, moodily.

"Indeed it does, Lionel," she replied; "I quite long to see him; he
is the descendant of our kings, the first noble of the land: every
one admires and loves him, and they say that his rank is his least
merit; he is generous, brave, and affable."

"You have learnt a pretty lesson, Perdita," said I, "and repeat it
so literally, that you forget the while the proofs we have of the
Earl's virtues; his generosity to us is manifest in our plenty, his
bravery in the protection he affords us, his affability in the
notice he takes of us.  His rank his least merit, do you say?  Why,
all his virtues are derived from his station only; because he is
rich, he is called generous; because he is powerful, brave; because
he is well served, he is affable.  Let them call him so, let all
England believe him to be thus--we know him--he is our enemy--our
penurious, dastardly, arrogant enemy; if he were gifted with one
particle of the virtues you call his, he would do justly by us, if
it were only to show, that if he must strike, it should not be a
fallen foe.  His father injured my father--his father, unassailable
on his throne, dared despise him who only stooped beneath himself,
when he deigned to associate with the royal ingrate.  We,
descendants from the one and the other, must be enemies also.  He
shall find that I can feel my injuries; he shall learn to dread my

A few days after he arrived.  Every inhabitant of the most
miserable cottage, went to swell the stream of population that
poured forth to meet him: even Perdita, in spite of my late
philippic, crept near the highway, to behold this idol of all
hearts.  I, driven half mad, as I met party after party of the
country people, in their holiday best, descending the hills,
escaped to their cloud-veiled summits, and looking on the sterile
rocks about me, exclaimed--"THEY do not cry, long live the Earl!"
Nor, when night came, accompanied by drizzling rain and cold, would
I return home; for I knew that each cottage rang with the praises
of Adrian; as I felt my limbs grow numb and chill, my pain served
as food for my insane aversion; nay, I almost triumphed in it,
since it seemed to afford me reason and excuse for my hatred of my
unheeding adversary.  All was attributed to him, for I confounded
so entirely the idea of father and son, that I forgot that the
latter might be wholly unconscious of his parent's neglect of us;
and as I struck my aching head with my hand, I cried:  "He shall
hear of this!  I will be revenged!  I will not suffer like a
spaniel!  He shall know, beggar and friendless as I am, that I will
not tamely submit to injury!"

Each day, each hour added to these exaggerated wrongs.  His praises
were so many adder's stings infixed in my vulnerable breast.  If I
saw him at a distance, riding a beautiful horse, my blood boiled
with rage; the air seemed poisoned by his presence, and my very
native English was changed to a vile jargon, since every phrase I
heard was coupled with his name and honour.  I panted to relieve
this painful heart-burning by some misdeed that should rouse him to
a sense of my antipathy.  It was the height of his offending, that
he should occasion in me such intolerable sensations, and not deign
himself to afford any demonstration that he was aware that I even
lived to feel them.

It soon became known that Adrian took great delight in his park and
preserves.  He never sported, but spent hours in watching the
tribes of lovely and almost tame animals with which it was stocked,
and ordered that greater care should be taken of them than ever.
Here was an opening for my plans of offence, and I made use of it
with all the brute impetuosity I derived from my active mode of
life.  I proposed the enterprise of poaching on his demesne to my
few remaining comrades, who were the most determined and lawless of
the crew; but they all shrunk from the peril; so I was left to
achieve my revenge myself.  At first my exploits were unperceived;
I increased in daring; footsteps on the dewy grass, torn boughs,
and marks of slaughter, at length betrayed me to the game-keepers.
They kept better watch; I was taken, and sent to prison.  I entered
its gloomy walls in a fit of triumphant ecstasy:  "He feels me
now," I cried, "and shall, again and again!"--I passed but one day
in confinement; in the evening I was liberated, as I was told, by
the order of the Earl himself.  This news precipitated me from my
self-raised pinnacle of honour.  He despises me, I thought; but he
shall learn that I despise him, and hold in equal contempt his
punishments and his clemency.  On the second night after my
release, I was again taken by the gamekeepers--again imprisoned,
and again released; and again, such was my pertinacity, did the
fourth night find me in the forbidden park.  The gamekeepers were
more enraged than their lord by my obstinacy.  They had received
orders that if I were again taken, I should be brought to the Earl;
and his lenity made them expect a conclusion which they considered
ill befitting my crime.  One of them, who had been from the first
the leader among those who had seized me, resolved to satisfy his
own resentment, before he made me over to the higher powers.

The late setting of the moon, and the extreme caution I was obliged
to use in this my third expedition, consumed so much time, that
something like a qualm of fear came over me when I perceived dark
night yield to twilight.  I crept along by the fern, on my hands
and knees, seeking the shadowy coverts of the underwood, while the
birds awoke with unwelcome song above, and the fresh morning wind,
playing among the boughs, made me suspect a footfall at each turn.
My heart beat quick as I approached the palings; my hand was on one
of them, a leap would take me to the other side, when two keepers
sprang from an ambush upon me: one knocked me down, and proceeded
to inflict a severe horse-whipping.  I started up--a knife was in
my grasp; I made a plunge at his raised right arm, and inflicted a
deep, wide wound in his hand.  The rage and yells of the wounded
man, the howling execrations of his comrade, which I answered with
equal bitterness and fury, echoed through the dell; morning broke
more and more, ill accordant in its celestial beauty with our brute
and noisy contest.  I and my enemy were still struggling, when the
wounded man exclaimed, "The Earl!"  I sprang out of the herculean
hold of the keeper, panting from my exertions; I cast furious
glances on my persecutors, and placing myself with my back to a
tree, resolved to defend myself to the last.  My garments were
torn, and they, as well as my hands, were stained with the blood of
the man I had wounded; one hand grasped the dead birds--my hard-
earned prey, the other held the knife; my hair was matted; my face
besmeared with the same guilty signs that bore witness against me
on the dripping instrument I clenched; my whole appearance was
haggard and squalid.  Tall and muscular as I was in form, I must
have looked like, what indeed I was, the merest ruffian that ever
trod the earth.

The name of the Earl startled me, and caused all the indignant
blood that warmed my heart to rush into my cheeks; I had never seen
him before; I figured to myself a haughty, assuming youth, who
would take me to task, if he deigned to speak to me, with all the
arrogance of superiority.  My reply was ready; a reproach I deemed
calculated to sting his very heart.  He came up the while; and his
appearance blew aside, with gentle western breath, my cloudy wrath:
a tall, slim, fair boy, with a physiognomy expressive of the excess
of sensibility and refinement stood before me; the morning sunbeams
tinged with gold his silken hair, and spread light and glory over
his beaming countenance.  "How is this?" he cried.  The men eagerly
began their defence; he put them aside, saying, "Two of you at once
on a mere lad--for shame!"  He came up to me:  "Verney," he cried,
"Lionel Verney, do we meet thus for the first time?  We were born
to be friends to each other; and though ill fortune has divided us,
will you not acknowledge the hereditary bond of friendship which I
trust will hereafter unite us?"

As he spoke, his earnest eyes, fixed on me, seemed to read my very
soul: my heart, my savage revengeful heart, felt the influence of
sweet benignity sink upon it; while his thrilling voice, like
sweetest melody, awoke a mute echo within me, stirring to its
depths the life-blood in my frame.  I desired to reply, to
acknowledge his goodness, accept his proffered friendship; but
words, fitting words, were not afforded to the rough mountaineer; I
would have held out my hand, but its guilty stain restrained me.
Adrian took pity on my faltering mien:  "Come with me," he said, "I
have much to say to you; come home with me--you know who I am?"

"Yes," I exclaimed, "I do believe that I now know you, and that you
will pardon my mistakes--my crime."

Adrian smiled gently; and after giving his orders to the
gamekeepers, he came up to me; putting his arm in mine, we walked
together to the mansion.

It was not his rank--after all that I have said, surely it will not
be suspected that it was Adrian's rank, that, from the first,
subdued my heart of hearts, and laid my entire spirit prostrate
before him.  Nor was it I alone who felt thus intimately his
perfections.  His sensibility and courtesy fascinated every one.
His vivacity, intelligence, and active spirit of benevolence,
completed the conquest.  Even at this early age, he was deep read
and imbued with the spirit of high philosophy.  This spirit gave a
tone of irresistible persuasion to his intercourse with others, so
that he seemed like an inspired musician, who struck, with unerring
skill, the "lyre of mind," and produced thence divine harmony.  In
person, he hardly appeared of this world; his slight frame was over-
informed by the soul that dwelt within; he was all mind; "Man but a
rush against" his breast, and it would have conquered his strength;
but the might of his smile would have tamed an hungry lion, or
caused a legion of armed men to lay their weapons at his feet.

I spent the day with him.  At first he did not recur to the past,
or indeed to any personal occurrences.  He wished probably to
inspire me with confidence, and give me time to gather together my
scattered thoughts.  He talked of general subjects, and gave me
ideas I had never before conceived.  We sat in his library, and he
spoke of the old Greek sages, and of the power which they had
acquired over the minds of men, through the force of love and
wisdom only.  The room was decorated with the busts of many of
them, and he described their characters to me.  As he spoke, I felt
subject to him; and all my boasted pride and strength were subdued
by the honeyed accents of this blue-eyed boy.  The trim and paled
demesne of civilization, which I had before regarded from my wild
jungle as inaccessible, had its wicket opened by him; I stepped
within, and felt, as I entered, that I trod my native soil.

As evening came on, he reverted to the past.  "I have a tale to
relate," he said, "and much explanation to give concerning the
past; perhaps you can assist me to curtail it.  Do you remember
your father?  I had never the happiness of seeing him, but his name
is one of my earliest recollections: he stands written in my mind's
tablets as the type of all that was gallant, amiable, and
fascinating in man.  His wit was not more conspicuous than the
overflowing goodness of his heart, which he poured in such full
measure on his friends, as to leave, alas! small remnant for

Encouraged by this encomium, I proceeded, in answer to his
inquiries, to relate what I remembered of my parent; and he gave an
account of those circumstances which had brought about a neglect of
my father's testamentary letter.  When, in after times, Adrian's
father, then king of England, felt his situation become more
perilous, his line of conduct more embarrassed, again and again he
wished for his early friend, who might stand a mound against the
impetuous anger of his queen, a mediator between him and the
parliament.  From the time that he had quitted London, on the fatal
night of his defeat at the gaming-table, the king had received no
tidings concerning him; and when, after the lapse of years, he
exerted himself to discover him, every trace was lost.  With fonder
regret than ever, he clung to his memory; and gave it in charge to
his son, if ever he should meet this valued friend, in his name to
bestow every succour, and to assure him that, to the last, his
attachment survived separation and silence.

A short time before Adrian's visit to Cumberland, the heir of the
nobleman to whom my father had confided his last appeal to his
royal master, put this letter, its seal unbroken, into the young
Earl's hands.  It had been found cast aside with a mass of papers
of old date, and accident alone brought it to light.  Adrian read
it with deep interest; and found there that living spirit of genius
and wit he had so often heard commemorated.  He discovered the name
of the spot whither my father had retreated, and where he died; he
learnt the existence of his orphan children; and during the short
interval between his arrival at Ulswater and our meeting in the
park, he had been occupied in making inquiries concerning us, and
arranging a variety of plans for our benefit, preliminary to his
introducing himself to our notice.

The mode in which he spoke of my father was gratifying to my
vanity; the veil which he delicately cast over his benevolence, in
alleging a duteous fulfilment of the king's latest will, was
soothing to my pride.  Other feelings, less ambiguous, were called
into play by his conciliating manner and the generous warmth of his
expressions, respect rarely before experienced, admiration, and
love--he had touched my rocky heart with his magic power, and the
stream of affection gushed forth, imperishable and pure.  In the
evening we parted; he pressed my hand:  "We shall meet again; come
to me to-morrow."  I clasped that kind hand; I tried to answer; a
fervent "God bless you!" was all my ignorance could frame of
speech, and I darted away, oppressed by my new emotions.

I could not rest.  I sought the hills; a west wind swept them, and
the stars glittered above.  I ran on, careless of outward objects,
but trying to master the struggling spirit within me by means of
bodily fatigue.  "This," I thought, "is power!  Not to be strong of
limb, hard of heart, ferocious, and daring; but kind, compassionate
and soft."--Stopping short, I clasped my hands, and with the
fervour of a new proselyte, cried, "Doubt me not, Adrian, I also
will become wise and good!" and then quite overcome, I wept aloud.

As this gust of passion passed from me, I felt more composed.  I
lay on the ground, and giving the reins to my thoughts, repassed in
my mind my former life; and began, fold by fold, to unwind the many
errors of my heart, and to discover how brutish, savage, and
worthless I had hitherto been.  I could not however at that time
feel remorse, for methought I was born anew; my soul threw off the
burthen of past sin, to commence a new career in innocence and
love.  Nothing harsh or rough remained to jar with the soft
feelings which the transactions of the day had inspired; I was as a
child lisping its devotions after its mother, and my plastic soul
was remoulded by a master hand, which I neither desired nor was
able to resist.

This was the first commencement of my friendship with Adrian, and I
must commemorate this day as the most fortunate of my life.  I now
began to be human.  I was admitted within that sacred boundary
which divides the intellectual and moral nature of man from that
which characterises animals.  My best feelings were called into
play to give fitting responses to the generosity, wisdom, and
amenity of my new friend.  He, with a noble goodness all his own,
took infinite delight in bestowing to prodigality the treasures of
his mind and fortune on the long-neglected son of his father's
friend, the offspring of that gifted being whose excellencies and
talents he had heard commemorated from infancy.

After his abdication the late king had retreated from the sphere of
politics, yet his domestic circle afforded him small content.  The
ex-queen had none of the virtues of domestic life, and those of
courage and daring which she possessed were rendered null by the
secession of her husband: she despised him, and did not care to
conceal her sentiments.  The king had, in compliance with her
exactions, cast off his old friends, but he had acquired no new
ones under her guidance.  In this dearth of sympathy, he had
recourse to his almost infant son; and the early development of
talent and sensibility rendered Adrian no unfitting depository of
his father's confidence.  He was never weary of listening to the
latter's often repeated accounts of old times, in which my father
had played a distinguished part; his keen remarks were repeated to
the boy, and remembered by him; his wit, his fascinations, his very
faults were hallowed by the regret of affection; his loss was
sincerely deplored.  Even the queen's dislike of the favourite was
ineffectual to deprive him of his son's admiration: it was bitter,
sarcastic, contemptuous--but as she bestowed her heavy censure
alike on his virtues as his errors, on his devoted friendship and
his ill-bestowed loves, on his disinterestedness and his
prodigality, on his prepossessing grace of manner, and the facility
with which he yielded to temptation, her double shot proved too
heavy, and fell short of the mark.  Nor did her angry dislike
prevent Adrian from imaging my father, as he had said, the type of
all that was gallant, amiable, and fascinating in man.  It was not
strange therefore, that when he heard of the existence of the
offspring of this celebrated person, he should have formed the plan
of bestowing on them all the advantages his rank made him rich to
afford.  When he found me a vagabond shepherd of the hills, a
poacher, an unlettered savage, still his kindness did not fail.  In
addition to the opinion he entertained that his father was to a
degree culpable of neglect towards us, and that he was bound to
every possible reparation, he was pleased to say that under all my
ruggedness there glimmered forth an elevation of spirit, which
could be distinguished from mere animal courage, and that I
inherited a similarity of countenance to my father, which gave
proof that all his virtues and talents had not died with him.
Whatever those might be which descended to me, my noble young
friend resolved should not be lost for want of culture.

Acting upon this plan in our subsequent intercourse, he led me to
wish to participate in that cultivation which graced his own
intellect.  My active mind, when once it seized upon this new idea,
fastened on it with extreme avidity.  At first it was the great
object of my ambition to rival the merits of my father, and render
myself worthy of the friendship of Adrian.  But curiosity soon
awoke, and an earnest love of knowledge, which caused me to pass
days and nights in reading and study.  I was already well
acquainted with what I may term the panorama of nature, the change
of seasons, and the various appearances of heaven and earth.  But I
was at once startled and enchanted by my sudden extension of
vision, when the curtain, which had been drawn before the
intellectual world, was withdrawn, and I saw the universe, not only
as it presented itself to my outward senses, but as it had appeared
to the wisest among men.  Poetry and its creations, philosophy and
its researches and classifications, alike awoke the sleeping ideas
in my mind, and gave me new ones.

I felt as the sailor, who from the topmast first discovered the
shore of America; and like him I hastened to tell my companions of
my discoveries in unknown regions.  But I was unable to excite in
any breast the same craving appetite for knowledge that existed in
mine.  Even Perdita was unable to understand me.  I had lived in
what is generally called the world of reality, and it was awakening
to a new country to find that there was a deeper meaning in all I
saw, besides that which my eyes conveyed to me.  The visionary
Perdita beheld in all this only a new gloss upon an old reading,
and her own was sufficiently inexhaustible to content her.  She
listened to me as she had done to the narration of my adventures,
and sometimes took an interest in this species of information; but
she did not, as I did, look on it as an integral part of her being,
which having obtained, I could no more put off than the universal
sense of touch.

We both agreed in loving Adrian: although she not having yet
escaped from childhood could not appreciate as I did the extent of
his merits, or feel the same sympathy in his pursuits and opinions.
I was for ever with him.  There was a sensibility and sweetness in
his disposition, that gave a tender and unearthly tone to our
converse.  Then he was gay as a lark carolling from its skiey
tower, soaring in thought as an eagle, innocent as the mild-eyed
dove.  He could dispel the seriousness of Perdita, and take the
sting from the torturing activity of my nature.  I looked back to
my restless desires and painful struggles with my fellow beings as
to a troubled dream, and felt myself as much changed as if I had
transmigrated into another form, whose fresh sensorium and
mechanism of nerves had altered the reflection of the apparent
universe in the mirror of mind.  But it was not so; I was the same
in strength, in earnest craving for sympathy, in my yearning for
active exertion.  My manly virtues did not desert me, for the witch
Urania spared the locks of Sampson, while he reposed at her feet;
but all was softened and humanized.  Nor did Adrian instruct me
only in the cold truths of history and philosophy.  At the same
time that he taught me by their means to subdue my own reckless and
uncultured spirit, he opened to my view the living page of his own
heart, and gave me to feel and understand its wondrous character.

The ex-queen of England had, even during infancy, endeavoured to
implant daring and ambitious designs in the mind of her son.  She
saw that he was endowed with genius and surpassing talent; these
she cultivated for the sake of afterwards using them for the
furtherance of her own views.  She encouraged his craving for
knowledge and his impetuous courage; she even tolerated his
tameless love of freedom, under the hope that this would, as is too
often the case, lead to a passion for command.  She endeavoured to
bring him up in a sense of resentment towards, and a desire to
revenge himself upon, those who had been instrumental in bringing
about his father's abdication.  In this she did not succeed.  The
accounts furnished him, however distorted, of a great and wise
nation asserting its right to govern itself, excited his
admiration: in early days he became a republican from principle.
Still his mother did not despair.  To the love of rule and haughty
pride of birth she added determined ambition, patience, and self-
control.  She devoted herself to the study of her son's
disposition.  By the application of praise, censure, and
exhortation, she tried to seek and strike the fitting chords; and
though the melody that followed her touch seemed discord to her,
she built her hopes on his talents, and felt sure that she would at
last win him.  The kind of banishment he now experienced arose from
other causes.

The ex-queen had also a daughter, now twelve years of age; his
fairy sister, Adrian was wont to call her; a lovely, animated,
little thing, all sensibility and truth.  With these, her children,
the noble widow constantly resided at Windsor; and admitted no
visitors, except her own partisans, travellers from her native
Germany, and a few of the foreign ministers.  Among these, and
highly distinguished by her, was Prince Zaimi, ambassador to
England from the free States of Greece; and his daughter, the young
Princess Evadne, passed much of her time at Windsor Castle.  In
company with this sprightly and clever Greek girl, the Countess
would relax from her usual state.  Her views with regard to her own
children, placed all her words and actions relative to THEM under
restraint: but Evadne was a plaything she could in no way fear; nor
were her talents and vivacity slight alleviations to the monotony
of the Countess's life.

Evadne was eighteen years of age.  Although they spent much time
together at Windsor, the extreme youth of Adrian prevented any
suspicion as to the nature of their intercourse.  But he was ardent
and tender of heart beyond the common nature of man, and had
already learnt to love, while the beauteous Greek smiled
benignantly on the boy.  It was strange to me, who, though older
than Adrian, had never loved, to witness the whole heart's
sacrifice of my friend.  There was neither jealousy, inquietude, or
mistrust in his sentiment; it was devotion and faith.  His life was
swallowed up in the existence of his beloved; and his heart beat
only in unison with the pulsations that vivified hers.  This was
the secret law of his life--he loved and was beloved.  The universe
was to him a dwelling, to inhabit with his chosen one; and not
either a scheme of society or an enchainment of events, that could
impart to him either happiness or misery.  What, though life and
the system of social intercourse were a wilderness, a tiger-haunted
jungle!  Through the midst of its errors, in the depths of its
savage recesses, there was a disentangled and flowery pathway,
through which they might journey in safety and delight.  Their
track would be like the passage of the Red Sea, which they might
traverse with unwet feet, though a wall of destruction were
impending on either side.

Alas! why must I record the hapless delusion of this matchless
specimen of humanity?  What is there in our nature that is for ever
urging us on towards pain and misery?  We are not formed for
enjoyment; and, however we may be attuned to the reception of
pleasurable emotion, disappointment is the never-failing pilot of
our life's bark, and ruthlessly carries us on to the shoals.  Who
was better framed than this highly-gifted youth to love and be
beloved, and to reap unalienable joy from an unblamed passion?  If
his heart had slept but a few years longer, he might have been
saved; but it awoke in its infancy; it had power, but no knowledge;
and it was ruined, even as a too early-blowing bud is nipped by the
killing frost.

I did not accuse Evadne of hypocrisy or a wish to deceive her
lover; but the first letter that I saw of hers convinced me that
she did not love him; it was written with elegance, and, foreigner
as she was, with great command of language.  The hand-writing
itself was exquisitely beautiful; there was something in her very
paper and its folds, which even I, who did not love, and was withal
unskilled in such matters, could discern as being tasteful.  There
was much kindness, gratitude, and sweetness in her expression, but
no love.  Evadne was two years older than Adrian; and who, at
eighteen, ever loved one so much their junior?  I compared her
placid epistles with the burning ones of Adrian.  His soul seemed
to distil itself into the words he wrote; and they breathed on the
paper, bearing with them a portion of the life of love, which was
his life.  The very writing used to exhaust him; and he would weep
over them, merely from the excess of emotion they awakened in his

Adrian's soul was painted in his countenance, and concealment or
deceit were at the antipodes to the dreadless frankness of his
nature.  Evadne made it her earnest request that the tale of their
loves should not be revealed to his mother; and after for a while
contesting the point, he yielded it to her.  A vain concession; his
demeanour quickly betrayed his secret to the quick eyes of the ex-
queen.  With the same wary prudence that characterised her whole
conduct, she concealed her discovery, but hastened to remove her
son from the sphere of the attractive Greek.  He was sent to
Cumberland; but the plan of correspondence between the lovers,
arranged by Evadne, was effectually hidden from her.  Thus the
absence of Adrian, concerted for the purpose of separating, united
them in firmer bonds than ever.  To me he discoursed ceaselessly of
his beloved Ionian.  Her country, its ancient annals, its late
memorable struggles, were all made to partake in her glory and
excellence.  He submitted to be away from her, because she
commanded this submission; but for her influence, he would have
declared his attachment before all England, and resisted, with
unshaken constancy, his mother's opposition.  Evadne's feminine
prudence perceived how useless any assertion of his resolves would
be, till added years gave weight to his power.  Perhaps there was
besides a lurking dislike to bind herself in the face of the world
to one whom she did not love--not love, at least, with that
passionate enthusiasm which her heart told her she might one day
feel towards another.  He obeyed her injunctions, and passed a year
in exile in Cumberland.


Happy, thrice happy, were the months, and weeks, and hours of that
year.  Friendship, hand in hand with admiration, tenderness and
respect, built a bower of delight in my heart, late rough as an
untrod wild in America, as the homeless wind or herbless sea.
Insatiate thirst for knowledge, and boundless affection for Adrian,
combined to keep both my heart and understanding occupied, and I
was consequently happy.  What happiness is so true and unclouded,
as the overflowing and talkative delight of young people.  In our
boat, upon my native lake, beside the streams and the pale
bordering poplars--in valley and over hill, my crook thrown aside,
a nobler flock to tend than silly sheep, even a flock of new-born
ideas, I read or listened to Adrian; and his discourse, whether it
concerned his love or his theories for the improvement of man,
alike entranced me.  Sometimes my lawless mood would return, my
love of peril, my resistance to authority; but this was in his
absence; under the mild sway of his dear eyes, I was obedient and
good as a boy of five years old, who does his mother's bidding.

After a residence of about a year at Ulswater, Adrian visited
London, and came back full of plans for our benefit.  You must
begin life, he said: you are seventeen, and longer delay would
render the necessary apprenticeship more and more irksome.  He
foresaw that his own life would be one of struggle, and I must
partake his labours with him.  The better to fit me for this task,
we must now separate.  He found my name a good passport to
preferment, and he had procured for me the situation of private
secretary to the Ambassador at Vienna, where I should enter on my
career under the best auspices.  In two years, I should return to
my country, with a name well known and a reputation already

And Perdita?--Perdita was to become the pupil, friend and younger
sister of Evadne.  With his usual thoughtfulness, he had provided
for her independence in this situation.  How refuse the offers of
this generous friend?--I did not wish to refuse them; but in my
heart of hearts, I made a vow to devote life, knowledge, and power,
all of which, in as much as they were of any value, he had bestowed
on me--all, all my capacities and hopes, to him alone I would

Thus I promised myself, as I journeyed towards my destination with
roused and ardent expectation: expectation of the fulfilment of all
that in boyhood we promise ourselves of power and enjoyment in
maturity.  Methought the time was now arrived, when, childish
occupations laid aside, I should enter into life.  Even in the
Elysian fields, Virgil describes the souls of the happy as eager to
drink of the wave which was to restore them to this mortal coil.
The young are seldom in Elysium, for their desires, outstripping
possibility, leave them as poor as a moneyless debtor.  We are told
by the wisest philosophers of the dangers of the world, the deceits
of men, and the treason of our own hearts: but not the less
fearlessly does each put off his frail bark from the port, spread
the sail, and strain his oar, to attain the multitudinous streams
of the sea of life.  How few in youth's prime, moor their vessels
on the "golden sands," and collect the painted shells that strew
them.  But all at close of day, with riven planks and rent canvas
make for shore, and are either wrecked ere they reach it, or find
some wave-beaten haven, some desert strand, whereon to cast
themselves and die unmourned.

A truce to philosophy!--Life is before me, and I rush into
possession.  Hope, glory, love, and blameless ambition are my
guides, and my soul knows no dread.  What has been, though sweet,
is gone; the present is good only because it is about to change,
and the to come is all my own.  Do I fear, that my heart
palpitates? high aspirations cause the flow of my blood; my eyes
seem to penetrate the cloudy midnight of time, and to discern
within the depths of its darkness, the fruition of all my soul

Now pause!--During my journey I might dream, and with buoyant wings
reach the summit of life's high edifice.  Now that I am arrived at
its base, my pinions are furled, the mighty stairs are before me,
and step by step I must ascend the wondrous fane--

     Speak!--What door is opened?

Behold me in a new capacity.  A diplomatist: one among the pleasure-
seeking society of a gay city; a youth of promise; favourite of the
Ambassador.  All was strange and admirable to the shepherd of
Cumberland.  With breathless amaze I entered on the gay scene,
whose actors were

     --the lilies glorious as Solomon,
     Who toil not, neither do they spin.

Soon, too soon, I entered the giddy whirl; forgetting my studious
hours, and the companionship of Adrian.  Passionate desire of
sympathy, and ardent pursuit for a wished-for object still
characterised me.  The sight of beauty entranced me, and attractive
manners in man or woman won my entire confidence.  I called it
rapture, when a smile made my heart beat; and I felt the life's
blood tingle in my frame, when I approached the idol which for
awhile I worshipped.  The mere flow of animal spirits was Paradise,
and at night's close I only desired a renewal of the intoxicating
delusion.  The dazzling light of ornamented rooms; lovely forms
arrayed in splendid dresses; the motions of a dance, the voluptuous
tones of exquisite music, cradled my senses in one delightful

And is not this in its kind happiness?  I appeal to moralists and
sages.  I ask if in the calm of their measured reveries, if in the
deep meditations which fill their hours, they feel the ecstasy of a
youthful tyro in the school of pleasure?  Can the calm beams of
their heaven-seeking eyes equal the flashes of mingling passion
which blind his, or does the influence of cold philosophy steep
their soul in a joy equal to his, engaged

     In this dear work of youthful revelry.

But in truth, neither the lonely meditations of the hermit, nor the
tumultuous raptures of the reveller, are capable of satisfying
man's heart.  From the one we gather unquiet speculation, from the
other satiety.  The mind flags beneath the weight of thought, and
droops in the heartless intercourse of those whose sole aim is
amusement.  There is no fruition in their vacant kindness, and
sharp rocks lurk beneath the smiling ripples of these shallow

Thus I felt, when disappointment, weariness, and solitude drove me
back upon my heart, to gather thence the joy of which it had become
barren.  My flagging spirits asked for something to speak to the
affections; and not finding it, I drooped.  Thus, notwithstanding
the thoughtless delight that waited on its commencement, the
impression I have of my life at Vienna is melancholy.  Goethe has
said, that in youth we cannot be happy unless we love.  I did not
love; but I was devoured by a restless wish to be something to
others.  I became the victim of ingratitude and cold coquetry--then
I desponded, and imagined that my discontent gave me a right to
hate the world.  I receded to solitude; I had recourse to my books,
and my desire again to enjoy the society of Adrian became a burning

Emulation, that in its excess almost assumed the venomous
properties of envy, gave a sting to these feelings.  At this period
the name and exploits of one of my countrymen filled the world with
admiration.  Relations of what he had done, conjectures concerning
his future actions, were the never-failing topics of the hour.  I
was not angry on my own account, but I felt as if the praises which
this idol received were leaves torn from laurels destined for
Adrian.  But I must enter into some account of this darling of fame--
this favourite of the wonder-loving world.

Lord Raymond was the sole remnant of a noble but impoverished
family.  From early youth he had considered his pedigree with
complacency, and bitterly lamented his want of wealth.  His first
wish was aggrandisement; and the means that led towards this end
were secondary considerations.  Haughty, yet trembling to every
demonstration of respect; ambitious, but too proud to show his
ambition; willing to achieve honour, yet a votary of pleasure,--he
entered upon life.  He was met on the threshold by some insult,
real or imaginary; some repulse, where he least expected it; some
disappointment, hard for his pride to bear.  He writhed beneath an
injury he was unable to revenge; and he quitted England with a vow
not to return, till the good time should arrive, when she might
feel the power of him she now despised.

He became an adventurer in the Greek wars.  His reckless courage
and comprehensive genius brought him into notice.  He became the
darling hero of this rising people.  His foreign birth, and he
refused to throw off his allegiance to his native country, alone
prevented him from filling the first offices in the state.  But,
though others might rank higher in title and ceremony, Lord Raymond
held a station above and beyond all this.  He led the Greek armies
to victory; their triumphs were all his own.  When he appeared,
whole towns poured forth their population to meet him; new songs
were adapted to their national airs, whose themes were his glory,
valour, and munificence.

A truce was concluded between the Greeks and Turks.  At the same
time, Lord Raymond, by some unlooked-for chance, became the
possessor of an immense fortune in England, whither he returned,
crowned with glory, to receive the meed of honour and distinction
before denied to his pretensions.  His proud heart rebelled against
this change.  In what was the despised Raymond not the same?  If
the acquisition of power in the shape of wealth caused this
alteration, that power should they feel as an iron yoke.  Power
therefore was the aim of all his endeavours; aggrandisement the
mark at which he for ever shot.  In open ambition or close
intrigue, his end was the same--to attain the first station in his
own country.

This account filled me with curiosity.  The events that in
succession followed his return to England, gave me keener feelings.
Among his other advantages, Lord Raymond was supremely handsome;
every one admired him; of women he was the idol.  He was courteous,
honey-tongued--an adept in fascinating arts.  What could not this
man achieve in the busy English world?  Change succeeded to change;
the entire history did not reach me; for Adrian had ceased to
write, and Perdita was a laconic correspondent.  The rumour went
that Adrian had become--how write the fatal word--mad: that Lord
Raymond was the favourite of the ex-queen, her daughter's destined
husband.  Nay, more, that this aspiring noble revived the claim of
the house of Windsor to the crown, and that, on the event of
Adrian's incurable disorder and his marriage with the sister, the
brow of the ambitious Raymond might be encircled with the magic
ring of regality.

Such a tale filled the trumpet of many voiced fame; such a tale
rendered my longer stay at Vienna, away from the friend of my
youth, intolerable.  Now I must fulfil my vow; now range myself at
his side, and be his ally and support till death.  Farewell to
courtly pleasure; to politic intrigue; to the maze of passion and
folly!  All hail, England!  Native England, receive thy child! thou
art the scene of all my hopes, the mighty theatre on which is acted
the only drama that can, heart and soul, bear me along with it in
its development.  A voice most irresistible, a power omnipotent,
drew me thither.  After an absence of two years I landed on its
shores, not daring to make any inquiries, fearful of every remark.
My first visit would be to my sister, who inhabited a little
cottage, a part of Adrian's gift, on the borders of Windsor Forest.
From her I should learn the truth concerning our protector; I
should hear why she had withdrawn from the protection of the
Princess Evadne, and be instructed as to the influence which this
overtopping and towering Raymond exercised over the fortunes of my

I had never before been in the neighbourhood of Windsor; the
fertility and beauty of the country around now struck me with
admiration, which increased as I approached the antique wood.  The
ruins of majestic oaks which had grown, flourished, and decayed
during the progress of centuries, marked where the limits of the
forest once reached, while the shattered palings and neglected
underwood showed that this part was deserted for the younger
plantations, which owed their birth to the beginning of the
nineteenth century, and now stood in the pride of maturity.
Perdita's humble dwelling was situated on the skirts of the most
ancient portion; before it was stretched Bishopgate Heath, which
towards the east appeared interminable, and was bounded to the west
by Chapel Wood and the grove of Virginia Water.  Behind, the
cottage was shadowed by the venerable fathers of the forest, under
which the deer came to graze, and which for the most part hollow
and decayed, formed fantastic groups that contrasted with the
regular beauty of the younger trees.  These, the offspring of a
later period, stood erect and seemed ready to advance fearlessly
into coming time; while those out worn stragglers, blasted and
broke, clung to each other, their weak boughs sighing as the wind
buffeted them--a weather-beaten crew.

A light railing surrounded the garden of the cottage, which, low-
roofed, seemed to submit to the majesty of nature, and cower amidst
the venerable remains of forgotten time.  Flowers, the children of
the spring, adorned her garden and casements; in the midst of
lowliness there was an air of elegance which spoke the graceful
taste of the inmate.  With a beating heart I entered the enclosure;
as I stood at the entrance, I heard her voice melodious as it had
ever been, which before I saw her assured me of her welfare.

A moment more and Perdita appeared; she stood before me in the
fresh bloom of youthful womanhood, different from and yet the same
as the mountain girl I had left.  Her eyes could not be deeper than
they were in childhood, nor her countenance more expressive; but
the expression was changed and improved; intelligence sat on her
brow; when she smiled her face was embellished by the softest
sensibility, and her low, modulated voice seemed tuned by love.
Her person was formed in the most feminine proportions; she was not
tall, but her mountain life had given freedom to her motions, so
that her light step scarce made her foot-fall heard as she tripped
across the hall to meet me.  When we had parted, I had clasped her
to my bosom with unrestrained warmth; we met again, and new
feelings were awakened; when each beheld the other, childhood
passed, as full grown actors on this changeful scene.  The pause
was but for a moment; the flood of association and natural feeling
which had been checked, again rushed in full tide upon our hearts,
and with tenderest emotion we were swiftly locked in each other's

This burst of passionate feeling over, with calmed thoughts we sat
together, talking of the past and present.  I alluded to the
coldness of her letters; but the few minutes we had spent together
sufficiently explained the origin of this.  New feelings had arisen
within her, which she was unable to express in writing to one whom
she had only known in childhood; but we saw each other again, and
our intimacy was renewed as if nothing had intervened to check it.
I detailed the incidents of my sojourn abroad, and then questioned
her as to the changes that had taken place at home, the causes of
Adrian's absence, and her secluded life.

The tears that suffused my sister's eyes when I mentioned our
friend, and her heightened colour seemed to vouch for the truth of
the reports that had reached me.  But their import was too terrible
for me to give instant credit to my suspicion.  Was there indeed
anarchy in the sublime universe of Adrian's thoughts, did madness
scatter the well-appointed legions, and was he no longer the lord
of his own soul?  Beloved friend, this ill world was no clime for
your gentle spirit; you delivered up its governance to false
humanity, which stript it of its leaves ere winter-time, and laid
bare its quivering life to the evil ministration of roughest winds.
Have those gentle eyes, those "channels of the soul" lost their
meaning, or do they only in their glare disclose the horrible tale
of its aberrations?  Does that voice no longer "discourse excellent
music?"  Horrible, most horrible!  I veil my eyes in terror of the
change, and gushing tears bear witness to my sympathy for this
unimaginable ruin.

In obedience to my request Perdita detailed the melancholy
circumstances that led to this event.

The frank and unsuspicious mind of Adrian, gifted as it was by
every natural grace, endowed with transcendent powers of intellect,
unblemished by the shadow of defect (unless his dreadless
independence of thought was to be construed into one), was devoted,
even as a victim to sacrifice, to his love for Evadne.  He
entrusted to her keeping the treasures of his soul, his aspirations
after excellence, and his plans for the improvement of mankind.  As
manhood dawned upon him, his schemes and theories, far from being
changed by personal and prudential motives, acquired new strength
from the powers he felt arise within him; and his love for Evadne
became deep-rooted, as he each day became more certain that the
path he pursued was full of difficulty, and that he must seek his
reward, not in the applause or gratitude of his fellow creatures,
hardly in the success of his plans, but in the approbation of his
own heart, and in her love and sympathy, which was to lighten every
toil and recompense every sacrifice.

In solitude, and through many wanderings afar from the haunts of
men, he matured his views for the reform of the English government,
and the improvement of the people.  It would have been well if he
had concealed his sentiments, until he had come into possession of
the power which would secure their practical development.  But he
was impatient of the years that must intervene, he was frank of
heart and fearless.  He gave not only a brief denial to his
mother's schemes, but published his intention of using his
influence to diminish the power of the aristocracy, to effect a
greater equalisation of wealth and privilege, and to introduce a
perfect system of republican government into England.  At first his
mother treated his theories as the wild ravings of inexperience.
But they were so systematically arranged, and his arguments so well
supported, that though still in appearance incredulous, she began
to fear him.  She tried to reason with him, and finding him
inflexible, learned to hate him.

Strange to say, this feeling was infectious.  His enthusiasm for
good which did not exist; his contempt for the sacredness of
authority; his ardour and imprudence were all at the antipodes of
the usual routine of life; the worldly feared him; the young and
inexperienced did not understand the lofty severity of his moral
views, and disliked him as a being different from themselves.
Evadne entered but coldly into his systems.  She thought he did
well to assert his own will, but she wished that will to have been
more intelligible to the multitude.  She had none of the spirit of
a martyr, and did not incline to share the shame and defeat of a
fallen patriot.  She was aware of the purity of his motives, the
generosity of his disposition, his true and ardent attachment to
her; and she entertained a great affection for him.  He repaid this
spirit of kindness with the fondest gratitude, and made her the
treasure-house of all his hopes.

At this time Lord Raymond returned from Greece.  No two persons
could be more opposite than Adrian and he.  With all the
incongruities of his character, Raymond was emphatically a man of
the world.  His passions were violent; as these often obtained the
mastery over him, he could not always square his conduct to the
obvious line of self-interest, but self-gratification at least was
the paramount object with him.  He looked on the structure of
society as but a part of the machinery which supported the web on
which his life was traced.  The earth was spread out as an highway
for him; the heavens built up as a canopy for him.

Adrian felt that he made a part of a great whole.  He owned
affinity not only with mankind, but all nature was akin to him; the
mountains and sky were his friends; the winds of heaven and the
offspring of earth his playmates; while he the focus only of this
mighty mirror, felt his life mingle with the universe of existence.
His soul was sympathy, and dedicated to the worship of beauty and
excellence.  Adrian and Raymond now came into contact, and a spirit
of aversion rose between them.  Adrian despised the narrow views of
the politician, and Raymond held in supreme contempt the benevolent
visions of the philanthropist.

With the coming of Raymond was formed the storm that laid waste at
one fell blow the gardens of delight and sheltered paths which
Adrian fancied that he had secured to himself, as a refuge from
defeat and contumely.  Raymond, the deliverer of Greece, the
graceful soldier, who bore in his mien a tinge of all that,
peculiar to her native clime, Evadne cherished as most dear--
Raymond was loved by Evadne.  Overpowered by her new sensations,
she did not pause to examine them, or to regulate her conduct by
any sentiments except the tyrannical one which suddenly usurped the
empire of her heart.  She yielded to its influence, and the too
natural consequence in a mind unattuned to soft emotions was, that
the attentions of Adrian became distasteful to her.  She grew
capricious; her gentle conduct towards him was exchanged for
asperity and repulsive coldness.  When she perceived the wild or
pathetic appeal of his expressive countenance, she would relent,
and for a while resume her ancient kindness.  But these
fluctuations shook to its depths the soul of the sensitive youth;
he no longer deemed the world subject to him, because he possessed
Evadne's love; he felt in every nerve that the dire storms of the
mental universe were about to attack his fragile being, which
quivered at the expectation of its advent.

Perdita, who then resided with Evadne, saw the torture that Adrian
endured.  She loved him as a kind elder brother; a relation to
guide, protect, and instruct her, without the too frequent tyranny
of parental authority.  She adored his virtues, and with mixed
contempt and indignation she saw Evadne pile drear sorrow on his
head, for the sake of one who hardly marked her.  In his solitary
despair Adrian would often seek my sister, and in covered terms
express his misery, while fortitude and agony divided the throne of
his mind.  Soon, alas! was one to conquer.  Anger made no part of
his emotion.  With whom should he be angry?  Not with Raymond, who
was unconscious of the misery he occasioned; not with Evadne, for
her his soul wept tears of blood--poor, mistaken girl, slave not
tyrant was she, and amidst his own anguish he grieved for her
future destiny.  Once a writing of his fell into Perdita's hands;
it was blotted with tears--well might any blot it with the like--

"Life"--it began thus--"is not the thing romance writers describe
it; going through the measures of a dance, and after various
evolutions arriving at a conclusion, when the dancers may sit down
and repose.  While there is life there is action and change.  We go
on, each thought linked to the one which was its parent, each act
to a previous act.  No joy or sorrow dies barren of progeny, which
for ever generated and generating, weaves the chain that make our

     Un dia llama  otro dia
     y ass i llama, y encadena
     llanto  llanto, y pena  pena.

Truly disappointment is the guardian deity of human life; she sits
at the threshold of unborn time, and marshals the events as they
come forth.  Once my heart sat lightly in my bosom; all the beauty
of the world was doubly beautiful, irradiated by the sun-light shed
from my own soul.  O wherefore are love and ruin for ever joined in
this our mortal dream?  So that when we make our hearts a lair for
that gently seeming beast, its companion enters with it, and
pitilessly lays waste what might have been an home and a shelter."

By degrees his health was shaken by his misery, and then his
intellect yielded to the same tyranny.  His manners grew wild; he
was sometimes ferocious, sometimes absorbed in speechless
melancholy.  Suddenly Evadne quitted London for Paris; he followed,
and overtook her when the vessel was about to sail; none knew what
passed between them, but Perdita had never seen him since; he lived
in seclusion, no one knew where, attended by such persons as his
mother selected for that purpose.


The next day Lord Raymond called at Perdita's cottage, on his way
to Windsor Castle.  My sister's heightened colour and sparkling
eyes half revealed her secret to me.  He was perfectly self-
possessed; he accosted us both with courtesy, seemed immediately to
enter into our feelings, and to make one with us.  I scanned his
physiognomy, which varied as he spoke, yet was beautiful in every
change.  The usual expression of his eyes was soft, though at times
he could make them even glare with ferocity; his complexion was
colourless; and every trait spoke predominate self-will; his smile
was pleasing, though disdain too often curled his lips--lips which
to female eyes were the very throne of beauty and love.  His voice,
usually gentle, often startled you by a sharp discordant note,
which showed that his usual low tone was rather the work of study
than nature.  Thus full of contradictions, unbending yet haughty,
gentle yet fierce, tender and again neglectful, he by some strange
art found easy entrance to the admiration and affection of women;
now caressing and now tyrannising over them according to his mood,
but in every change a despot.

At the present time Raymond evidently wished to appear amiable.
Wit, hilarity, and deep observation were mingled in his talk,
rendering every sentence that he uttered as a flash of light.  He
soon conquered my latent distaste; I endeavoured to watch him and
Perdita, and to keep in mind every thing I had heard to his
disadvantage.  But all appeared so ingenuous, and all was so
fascinating, that I forgot everything except the pleasure his
society afforded me.  Under the idea of initiating me in the scene
of English politics and society, of which I was soon to become a
part, he narrated a number of anecdotes, and sketched many
characters; his discourse, rich and varied, flowed on, pervading
all my senses with pleasure.  But for one thing he would have been
completely triumphant.  He alluded to Adrian, and spoke of him with
that disparagement that the worldly wise always attach to
enthusiasm.  He perceived the cloud gathering, and tried to
dissipate it; but the strength of my feelings would not permit me
to pass thus lightly over this sacred subject; so I said
emphatically, "Permit me to remark, that I am devotedly attached to
the Earl of Windsor; he is my best friend and benefactor.  I
reverence his goodness, I accord with his opinions, and bitterly
lament his present, and I trust temporary, illness.  That illness,
from its peculiarity, makes it painful to me beyond words to hear
him mentioned, unless in terms of respect and affection."

Raymond replied; but there was nothing conciliatory in his reply.
I saw that in his heart he despised those dedicated to any but
worldly idols.  "Every man," he said, "dreams about something,
love, honour, and pleasure; you dream of friendship, and devote
yourself to a maniac; well, if that be your vocation, doubtless you
are in the right to follow it."--

Some reflection seemed to sting him, and the spasm of pain that for
a moment convulsed his countenance, checked my indignation.  "Happy
are dreamers," he continued, "so that they be not awakened!  Would
I could dream! but 'broad and garish day' is the element in which I
live; the dazzling glare of reality inverts the scene for me.  Even
the ghost of friendship has departed, and love"--He broke off; nor
could I guess whether the disdain that curled his lip was directed
against the passion, or against himself for being its slave.

This account may be taken as a sample of my intercourse with Lord
Raymond.  I became intimate with him, and each day afforded me
occasion to admire more and more his powerful and versatile
talents, that together with his eloquence, which was graceful and
witty, and his wealth now immense, caused him to be feared, loved,
and hated beyond any other man in England.

My descent, which claimed interest, if not respect, my former
connection with Adrian, the favour of the ambassador, whose
secretary I had been, and now my intimacy with Lord Raymond, gave
me easy access to the fashionable and political circles of England.
To my inexperience we at first appeared on the eve of a civil war;
each party was violent, acrimonious, and unyielding.  Parliament
was divided by three factions, aristocrats, democrats, and
royalists.  After Adrian's declared predilection to the republican
form of government, the latter party had nearly died away,
chiefless, guideless; but, when Lord Raymond came forward as its
leader, it revived with redoubled force.  Some were royalists from
prejudice and ancient affection, and there were many moderately
inclined who feared alike the capricious tyranny of the popular
party, and the unbending despotism of the aristocrats.  More than a
third of the members ranged themselves under Raymond, and their
number was perpetually increasing.  The aristocrats built their
hopes on their preponderant wealth and influence; the reformers on
the force of the nation itself; the debates were violent, more
violent the discourses held by each knot of politicians as they
assembled to arrange their measures.  Opprobrious epithets were
bandied about, resistance even to the death threatened; meetings of
the populace disturbed the quiet order of the country; except in
war, how could all this end?  Even as the destructive flames were
ready to break forth, I saw them shrink back; allayed by the
absence of the military, by the aversion entertained by every one
to any violence, save that of speech, and by the cordial politeness
and even friendship of the hostile leaders when they met in private
society.  I was from a thousand motives induced to attend minutely
to the course of events, and watch each turn with intense anxiety.

I could not but perceive that Perdita loved Raymond; methought also
that he regarded the fair daughter of Verney with admiration and
tenderness.  Yet I knew that he was urging forward his marriage
with the presumptive heiress of the Earldom of Windsor, with keen
expectation of the advantages that would thence accrue to him.  All
the ex-queen's friends were his friends; no week passed that he did
not hold consultations with her at Windsor.

I had never seen the sister of Adrian.  I had heard that she was
lovely, amiable, and fascinating.  Wherefore should I see her?
There are times when we have an indefinable sentiment of impending
change for better or for worse, to arise from an event; and, be it
for better or for worse, we fear the change, and shun the event.
For this reason I avoided this high-born damsel.  To me she was
everything and nothing; her very name mentioned by another made me
start and tremble; the endless discussion concerning her union with
Lord Raymond was real agony to me.  Methought that, Adrian
withdrawn from active life, and this beauteous Idris, a victim
probably to her mother's ambitious schemes, I ought to come forward
to protect her from undue influence, guard her from unhappiness,
and secure to her freedom of choice, the right of every human
being.  Yet how was I to do this?  She herself would disdain my
interference.  Since then I must be an object of indifference or
contempt to her, better, far better avoid her, nor expose myself
before her and the scornful world to the chance of playing the mad
game of a fond, foolish Icarus.

One day, several months after my return to England, I quitted
London to visit my sister.  Her society was my chief solace and
delight; and my spirits always rose at the expectation of seeing
her.  Her conversation was full of pointed remark and discernment;
in her pleasant alcove, redolent with sweetest flowers, adorned by
magnificent casts, antique vases, and copies of the finest pictures
of Raphael, Correggio, and Claude, painted by herself, I fancied
myself in a fairy retreat untainted by and inaccessible to the
noisy contentions of politicians and the frivolous pursuits of
fashion.  On this occasion, my sister was not alone; nor could I
fail to recognise her companion: it was Idris, the till now unseen
object of my mad idolatry.

In what fitting terms of wonder and delight, in what choice
expression and soft flow of language, can I usher in the loveliest,
wisest, best?  How in poor assemblage of words convey the halo of
glory that surrounded her, the thousand graces that waited
unwearied on her.  The first thing that struck you on beholding
that charming countenance was its perfect goodness and frankness;
candour sat upon her brow, simplicity in her eyes, heavenly
benignity in her smile.  Her tall slim figure bent gracefully as a
poplar to the breezy west, and her gait, goddess-like, was as that
of a winged angel new alit from heaven's high floor; the pearly
fairness of her complexion was stained by a pure suffusion; her
voice resembled the low, subdued tenor of a flute.  It is easiest
perhaps to describe by contrast.  I have detailed the perfections
of my sister; and yet she was utterly unlike Idris.  Perdita, even
where she loved, was reserved and timid; Idris was frank and
confiding.  The one recoiled to solitude, that she might there
entrench herself from disappointment and injury; the other walked
forth in open day, believing that none would harm her.  Wordsworth
has compared a beloved female to two fair objects in nature; but
his lines always appeared to me rather a contrast than a

     A violet by a mossy stone
       Half hidden from the eye,
     Fair as a star when only one
       Is shining in the sky.

Such a violet was sweet Perdita, trembling to entrust herself to
the very air, cowering from observation, yet betrayed by her
excellences; and repaying with a thousand graces the labour of
those who sought her in her lonely bye-path.  Idris was as the
star, set in single splendour in the dim anadem of balmy evening;
ready to enlighten and delight the subject world, shielded herself
from every taint by her unimagined distance from all that was not
like herself akin to heaven.

I found this vision of beauty in Perdita's alcove, in earnest
conversation with its inmate.  When my sister saw me, she rose, and
taking my hand, said, "He is here, even at our wish; this is
Lionel, my brother."

Idris arose also, and bent on me her eyes of celestial blue, and
with grace peculiar said--"You hardly need an introduction; we have
a picture, highly valued by my father, which declares at once your
name.  Verney, you will acknowledge this tie, and as my brother's
friend, I feel that I may trust you."

Then, with lids humid with a tear and trembling voice, she
continued--"Dear friends, do not think it strange that now,
visiting you for the first time, I ask your assistance, and confide
my wishes and fears to you.  To you alone do I dare speak; I have
heard you commended by impartial spectators; you are my brother's
friends, therefore you must be mine.  What can I say?  if you
refuse to aid me, I am lost indeed!"  She cast up her eyes, while
wonder held her auditors mute; then, as if carried away by her
feelings, she cried--"My brother! beloved, ill-fated Adrian! how
speak of your misfortunes?  Doubtless you have both heard the
current tale; perhaps believe the slander; but he is not mad!  Were
an angel from the foot of God's throne to assert it, never, never
would I believe it.  He is wronged, betrayed, imprisoned--save him!
Verney, you must do this; seek him out in whatever part of the
island he is immured; find him, rescue him from his persecutors,
restore him to himself, to me--on the wide earth I have none to
love but only him!"

Her earnest appeal, so sweetly and passionately expressed, filled
me with wonder and sympathy; and, when she added, with thrilling
voice and look, "Do you consent to undertake this enterprise?" I
vowed, with energy and truth, to devote myself in life and death to
the restoration and welfare of Adrian.  We then conversed on the
plan I should pursue, and discussed the probable means of
discovering his residence.  While we were in earnest discourse,
Lord Raymond entered unannounced: I saw Perdita tremble and grow
deadly pale, and the cheeks of Idris glow with purest blushes.  He
must have been astonished at our conclave, disturbed by it I should
have thought; but nothing of this appeared; he saluted my
companions, and addressed me with a cordial greeting.  Idris
appeared suspended for a moment, and then with extreme sweetness,
she said, "Lord Raymond, I confide in your goodness and honour."

Smiling haughtily, he bent his head, and replied, with emphasis,
"Do you indeed confide, Lady Idris?"

She endeavoured to read his thought, and then answered with
dignity, "As you please.  It is certainly best not to compromise
oneself by any concealment."

"Pardon me," he replied, "if I have offended.  Whether you trust me
or not, rely on my doing my utmost to further your wishes, whatever
they may be."

Idris smiled her thanks, and rose to take leave.  Lord Raymond
requested permission to accompany her to Windsor Castle, to which
she consented, and they quitted the cottage together.  My sister
and I were left--truly like two fools, who fancied that they had
obtained a golden treasure, till daylight showed it to be lead--two
silly, luckless flies, who had played in sunbeams and were caught
in a spider's web.  I leaned against the casement, and watched
those two glorious creatures, till they disappeared in the forest-
glades; and then I turned.  Perdita had not moved; her eyes fixed
on the ground, her cheeks pale, her very lips white, motionless and
rigid, every feature stamped by woe, she sat.  Half frightened, I
would have taken her hand; but she shudderingly withdrew it, and
strove to collect herself.  I entreated her to speak to me:  "Not
now," she replied, "nor do you speak to me, my dear Lionel; you CAN
say nothing, for you know nothing.  I will see you to-morrow; in
the meantime, adieu!"  She rose, and walked from the room; but
pausing at the door, and leaning against it, as if her over-busy
thoughts had taken from her the power of supporting herself, she
said, "Lord Raymond will probably return.  Will you tell him that
he must excuse me to-day, for I am not well.  I will see him to-
morrow if he wishes it, and you also.  You had better return to
London with him; you can there make the inquiries agreed upon,
concerning the Earl of Windsor and visit me again to-morrow, before
you proceed on your journey--till then, farewell!"

She spoke falteringly, and concluded with a heavy sigh.  I gave my
assent to her request; and she left me.  I felt as if, from the
order of the systematic world, I had plunged into chaos, obscure,
contrary, unintelligible.  That Raymond should marry Idris was more
than ever intolerable; yet my passion, though a giant from its
birth, was too strange, wild, and impracticable, for me to feel at
once the misery I perceived in Perdita.  How should I act?  She had
not confided in me; I could not demand an explanation from Raymond
without the hazard of betraying what was perhaps her most treasured
secret.  I would obtain the truth from her the following day--in
the mean time--But, while I was occupied by multiplying reflections,
Lord Raymond returned.  He asked for my sister; and I delivered her
message.  After musing on it for a moment, he asked me if I were
about to return to London, and if I would accompany him: I
consented.  He was full of thought, and remained silent during a
considerable part of our ride; at length he said, "I must apologize
to you for my abstraction; the truth is, Ryland's motion comes on
to-night, and I am considering my reply."

Ryland was the leader of the popular party, a hard-headed man, and
in his way eloquent; he had obtained leave to bring in a bill
making it treason to endeavour to change the present state of the
English government and the standing laws of the republic.  This
attack was directed against Raymond and his machinations for the
restoration of the monarchy.

Raymond asked me if I would accompany him to the House that
evening.  I remembered my pursuit for intelligence concerning
Adrian; and, knowing that my time would be fully occupied, I
excused myself.  "Nay," said my companion, "I can free you from
your present impediment.  You are going to make inquiries
concerning the Earl of Windsor.  I can answer them at once, he is
at the Duke of Athol's seat at Dunkeld.  On the first approach of
his disorder, he travelled about from one place to another; until,
arriving at that romantic seclusion he refused to quit it, and we
made arrangements with the Duke for his continuing there."

I was hurt by the careless tone with which he conveyed this
information, and replied coldly:  "I am obliged to you for your
intelligence, and will avail myself of it."

"You shall, Verney," said he, "and if you continue of the same
mind, I will facilitate your views.  But first witness, I beseech
you, the result of this night's contest, and the triumph I am about
to achieve, if I may so call it, while I fear that victory is to me
defeat.  What can I do?  My dearest hopes appear to be near their
fulfilment.  The ex-queen gives me Idris; Adrian is totally
unfitted to succeed to the earldom, and that earldom in my hands
becomes a kingdom.  By the reigning God it is true; the paltry
earldom of Windsor shall no longer content him, who will inherit
the rights which must for ever appertain to the person who
possesses it.  The Countess can never forget that she has been a
queen, and she disdains to leave a diminished inheritance to her
children; her power and my wit will rebuild the throne, and this
brow will be clasped by a kingly diadem.--I can do this--I can
marry Idris."--

He stopped abruptly, his countenance darkened, and its expression
changed again and again under the influence of internal passion.  I
asked, "Does Lady Idris love you?"

"What a question," replied he laughing.  "She will of course, as I
shall her, when we are married."

"You begin late," said I, ironically, "marriage is usually
considered the grave, and not the cradle of love.  So you are about
to love her, but do not already?"

"Do not catechise me, Lionel; I will do my duty by her, be assured.
Love!  I must steel my heart against THAT; expel it from its tower
of strength, barricade it out: the fountain of love must cease to
play, its waters be dried up, and all passionate thoughts attendant
on it die--that is to say, the love which would rule me, not that
which I rule.  Idris is a gentle, pretty, sweet little girl; it is
impossible not to have an affection for her, and I have a very
sincere one; only do not speak of love--love, the tyrant and the
tyrant-queller; love, until now my conqueror, now my slave; the
hungry fire, the untameable beast, the fanged snake--no--no--I will
have nothing to do with that love.  Tell me, Lionel, do you consent
that I should marry this young lady?"

He bent his keen eyes upon me, and my uncontrollable heart swelled
in my bosom.  I replied in a calm voice--but how far from calm was
the thought imaged by my still words--"Never!  I can never consent
that Lady Idris should be united to one who does not love her."

"Because you love her yourself."

"Your Lordship might have spared that taunt; I do not, dare not
love her."

"At least," he continued haughtily, "she does not love you.  I
would not marry a reigning sovereign, were I not sure that her
heart was free.  But, O, Lionel! a kingdom is a word of might, and
gently sounding are the terms that compose the style of royalty.
Were not the mightiest men of the olden times kings?  Alexander was
a king; Solomon, the wisest of men, was a king; Napoleon was a
king; Caesar died in his attempt to become one, and Cromwell, the
puritan and king-killer, aspired to regality.  The father of Adrian
yielded up the already broken sceptre of England; but I will rear
the fallen plant, join its dismembered frame, and exalt it above
all the flowers of the field.

"You need not wonder that I freely discover Adrian's abode.  Do not
suppose that I am wicked or foolish enough to found my purposed
sovereignty on a fraud, and one so easily discovered as the truth
or falsehood of the Earl's insanity.  I am just come from him.
Before I decided on my marriage with Idris, I resolved to see him
myself again, and to judge of the probability of his recovery.--He
is irrecoverably mad."

I gasped for breath--

"I will not detail to you," continued Raymond, "the melancholy
particulars.  You shall see him, and judge for yourself; although I
fear this visit, useless to him, will be insufferably painful to
you.  It has weighed on my spirits ever since.  Excellent and
gentle as he is even in the downfall of his reason, I do not
worship him as you do, but I would give all my hopes of a crown and
my right hand to boot, to see him restored to himself."

His voice expressed the deepest compassion:  "Thou most
unaccountable being," I cried, "whither will thy actions tend, in
all this maze of purpose in which thou seemest lost?"

"Whither indeed?  To a crown, a golden be-gemmed crown, I hope; and
yet I dare not trust and though I dream of a crown and wake for
one, ever and anon a busy devil whispers to me, that it is but a
fool's cap that I seek, and that were I wise, I should trample on
it, and take in its stead, that which is worth all the crowns of
the east and presidentships of the west."

"And what is that?"

"If I do make it my choice, then you shall know; at present I dare
not speak, even think of it."

Again he was silent, and after a pause turned to me laughingly.
When scorn did not inspire his mirth, when it was genuine gaiety
that painted his features with a joyous expression, his beauty
became super-eminent, divine.  "Verney," said he, "my first act
when I become King of England, will be to unite with the Greeks,
take Constantinople, and subdue all Asia.  I intend to be a
warrior, a conqueror; Napoleon's name shall vail to mine; and
enthusiasts, instead of visiting his rocky grave, and exalting the
merits of the fallen, shall adore my majesty, and magnify my
illustrious achievements."

I listened to Raymond with intense interest.  Could I be other than
all ear, to one who seemed to govern the whole earth in his
grasping imagination, and who only quailed when he attempted to
rule himself.  Then on his word and will depended my own happiness--
the fate of all dear to me.  I endeavoured to divine the concealed
meaning of his words.  Perdita's name was not mentioned; yet I
could not doubt that love for her caused the vacillation of purpose
that he exhibited.  And who was so worthy of love as my noble-
minded sister?  Who deserved the hand of this self-exalted king
more than she whose glance belonged to a queen of nations? who
loved him, as he did her; notwithstanding that disappointment
quelled her passion, and ambition held strong combat with his.

We went together to the House in the evening.  Raymond, while he
knew that his plans and prospects were to be discussed and decided
during the expected debate, was gay and careless.  An hum, like
that of ten thousand hives of swarming bees, stunned us as we
entered the coffee-room.  Knots of politicians were assembled with
anxious brows and loud or deep voices.  The aristocratical party,
the richest and most influential men in England, appeared less
agitated than the others, for the question was to be discussed
without their interference.  Near the fire was Ryland and his
supporters.  Ryland was a man of obscure birth and of immense
wealth, inherited from his father, who had been a manufacturer.  He
had witnessed, when a young man, the abdication of the king, and
the amalgamation of the two houses of Lords and Commons; he had
sympathized with these popular encroachments, and it had been the
business of his life to consolidate and increase them.  Since then,
the influence of the landed proprietors had augmented; and at first
Ryland was not sorry to observe the machinations of Lord Raymond,
which drew off many of his opponent's partisans.  But the thing was
now going too far.  The poorer nobility hailed the return of
sovereignty, as an event which would restore them to their power
and rights, now lost.  The half extinct spirit of royalty roused
itself in the minds of men; and they, willing slaves, self-
constituted subjects, were ready to bend their necks to the yoke.
Some erect and manly spirits still remained, pillars of state; but
the word republic had grown stale to the vulgar ear; and many--the
event would prove whether it was a majority--pined for the tinsel
and show of royalty.  Ryland was roused to resistance; he asserted
that his sufferance alone had permitted the increase of this party;
but the time for indulgence was passed, and with one motion of his
arm he would sweep away the cobwebs that blinded his countrymen.

When Raymond entered the coffee-room, his presence was hailed by
his friends almost with a shout.  They gathered round him, counted
their numbers, and detailed the reasons why they were now to
receive an addition of such and such members, who had not yet
declared themselves.  Some trifling business of the House having
been gone through, the leaders took their seats in the chamber; the
clamour of voices continued, till Ryland arose to speak, and then
the slightest whispered observation was audible.  All eyes were
fixed upon him as he stood--ponderous of frame, sonorous of voice,
and with a manner which, though not graceful, was impressive.  I
turned from his marked, iron countenance to Raymond, whose face,
veiled by a smile, would not betray his care; yet his lips quivered
somewhat, and his hand clasped the bench on which he sat, with a
convulsive strength that made the muscles start again.

Ryland began by praising the present state of the British empire.
He recalled past years to their memory; the miserable contentions
which in the time of our fathers arose almost to civil war, the
abdication of the late king, and the foundation of the republic.
He described this republic; showed how it gave privilege to each
individual in the state, to rise to consequence, and even to
temporary sovereignty.  He compared the royal and republican
spirit; showed how the one tended to enslave the minds of men;
while all the institutions of the other served to raise even the
meanest among us to something great and good.  He showed how
England had become powerful, and its inhabitants valiant and wise,
by means of the freedom they enjoyed.  As he spoke, every heart
swelled with pride, and every cheek glowed with delight to
remember, that each one there was English, and that each supported
and contributed to the happy state of things now commemorated.
Ryland's fervour increased--his eyes lighted up--his voice assumed
the tone of passion.  There was one man, he continued, who wished
to alter all this, and bring us back to our days of impotence and
contention:--one man, who would dare arrogate the honour which was
due to all who claimed England as their birthplace, and set his
name and style above the name and style of his country.  I saw at
this juncture that Raymond changed colour; his eyes were withdrawn
from the orator, and cast on the ground; the listeners turned from
one to the other; but in the meantime the speaker's voice filled
their ears--the thunder of his denunciations influenced their
senses.  The very boldness of his language gave him weight; each
knew that he spoke truth--a truth known, but not acknowledged.  He
tore from reality the mask with which she had been clothed; and the
purposes of Raymond, which before had crept around, ensnaring by
stealth, now stood a hunted stag--even at bay--as all perceived who
watched the irrepressible changes of his countenance.  Ryland ended
by moving, that any attempt to re-erect the kingly power should be
declared treason, and he a traitor who should endeavour to change
the present form of government.  Cheers and loud acclamations
followed the close of his speech.

After his motion had been seconded, Lord Raymond rose,--his
countenance bland, his voice softly melodious, his manner soothing,
his grace and sweetness came like the mild breathing of a flute,
after the loud, organ-like voice of his adversary.  He rose, he
said, to speak in favour of the honourable member's motion, with
one slight amendment subjoined.  He was ready to go back to old
times, and commemorate the contests of our fathers, and the
monarch's abdication.  Nobly and greatly, he said, had the
illustrious and last sovereign of England sacrificed himself to the
apparent good of his country, and divested himself of a power which
could only be maintained by the blood of his subjects--these
subjects named so no more, these, his friends and equals, had in
gratitude conferred certain favours and distinctions on him and his
family for ever.  An ample estate was allotted to them, and they
took the first rank among the peers of Great Britain.  Yet it might
be conjectured that they had not forgotten their ancient heritage;
and it was hard that his heir should suffer alike with any other
pretender, if he attempted to regain what by ancient right and
inheritance belonged to him.  He did not say that he should favour
such an attempt; but he did say that such an attempt would be
venial; and, if the aspirant did not go so far as to declare war,
and erect a standard in the kingdom, his fault ought to be regarded
with an indulgent eye.  In his amendment he proposed, that an
exception should be made in the bill in favour of any person who
claimed the sovereign power in right of the earls of Windsor.

Nor did Raymond make an end without drawing in vivid and glowing
colours, the splendour of a kingdom, in opposition to the
commercial spirit of republicanism.  He asserted, that each
individual under the English monarchy, was then as now, capable of
attaining high rank and power--with one only exception, that of the
function of chief magistrate; higher and nobler rank, than a
bartering, timorous commonwealth could afford.  And for this one
exception, to what did it amount?  The nature of riches and
influence forcibly confined the list of candidates to a few of the
wealthiest; and it was much to be feared, that the ill-humour and
contention generated by this triennial struggle, would counterbalance
its advantages in impartial eyes.  I can ill record the flow of
language and graceful turns of expression, the wit and easy raillery
that gave vigour and influence to his speech.  His manner, timid at
first, became firm--his changeful face was lit up to superhuman
brilliancy; his voice, various as music, was like that enchanting.

It were useless to record the debate that followed this harangue.
Party speeches were delivered, which clothed the question in cant,
and veiled its simple meaning in a woven wind of words.  The motion
was lost; Ryland withdrew in rage and despair; and Raymond, gay and
exulting, retired to dream of his future kingdom.


Is there such a feeling as love at first sight?  And if there be,
in what does its nature differ from love founded in long
observation and slow growth?  Perhaps its effects are not so
permanent; but they are, while they last, as violent and intense.
We walk the pathless mazes of society, vacant of joy, till we hold
this clue, leading us through that labyrinth to paradise.  Our
nature dim, like to an unlighted torch, sleeps in formless blank
till the fire attain it; this life of life, this light to moon, and
glory to the sun.  What does it matter, whether the fire be struck
from flint and steel, nourished with care into a flame, slowly
communicated to the dark wick, or whether swiftly the radiant power
of light and warmth passes from a kindred power, and shines at once
the beacon and the hope.  In the deepest fountain of my heart the
pulses were stirred; around, above, beneath, the clinging Memory as
a cloak enwrapped me.  In no one moment of coming time did I feel
as I had done in time gone by.  The spirit of Idris hovered in the
air I breathed; her eyes were ever and for ever bent on mine; her
remembered smile blinded my faint gaze, and caused me to walk as
one, not in eclipse, not in darkness and vacancy--but in a new and
brilliant light, too novel, too dazzling for my human senses.  On
every leaf, on every small division of the universe, (as on the
hyacinth [Greek alpha iota] is engraved) was imprinted the talisman
of my existence--SHE LIVES!  SHE IS!--I had not time yet to analyse
my feeling, to take myself to task, and leash in the tameless
passion; all was one idea, one feeling, one knowledge--it was my

But the die was cast--Raymond would marry Idris.  The merry
marriage bells rung in my ears; I heard the nation's gratulation
which followed the union; the ambitious noble uprose with swift
eagle-flight, from the lowly ground to regal supremacy--and to the
love of Idris.  Yet, not so!  She did not love him; she had called
me her friend; she had smiled on me; to me she had entrusted her
heart's dearest hope, the welfare of Adrian.  This reflection
thawed my congealing blood, and again the tide of life and love
flowed impetuously onward, again to ebb as my busy thoughts

The debate had ended at three in the morning.  My soul was in
tumults; I traversed the streets with eager rapidity.  Truly, I was
mad that night--love--which I have named a giant from its birth,
wrestled with despair!  My heart, the field of combat, was wounded
by the iron heel of the one, watered by the gushing tears of the
other.  Day, hateful to me, dawned; I retreated to my lodgings--I
threw myself on a couch--I slept--was it sleep?--for thought was
still alive--love and despair struggled still, and I writhed with
unendurable pain.

I awoke half stupefied; I felt a heavy oppression on me, but knew
not wherefore; I entered, as it were, the council-chamber of my
brain, and questioned the various ministers of thought therein
assembled; too soon I remembered all; too soon my limbs quivered
beneath the tormenting power; soon, too soon, I knew myself a

Suddenly, unannounced, Lord Raymond entered my apartment.  He came
in gaily, singing the Tyrolese song of liberty; noticed me with a
gracious nod, and threw himself on a sofa opposite the copy of a
bust of the Apollo Belvedere.  After one or two trivial remarks, to
which I sullenly replied, he suddenly cried, looking at the bust,
"I am called like that victor!  Not a bad idea; the head will serve
for my new coinage, and be an omen to all dutiful subjects of my
future success."

He said this in his most gay, yet benevolent manner, and smiled,
not disdainfully, but in playful mockery of himself.  Then his
countenance suddenly darkened, and in that shrill tone peculiar to
himself, he cried, "I fought a good battle last night; higher
conquest the plains of Greece never saw me achieve.  Now I am the
first man in the state, burthen of every ballad, and object of old
women's mumbled devotions.  What are your meditations?  You, who
fancy that you can read the human soul, as your native lake reads
each crevice and folding of its surrounding hills--say what you
think of me; king-expectant, angel or devil, which?"

This ironical tone was discord to my bursting, over-boiling heart;
I was nettled by his insolence, and replied with bitterness; "There
is a spirit, neither angel or devil, damned to limbo merely."  I
saw his cheeks become pale, and his lips whiten and quiver; his
anger served but to enkindle mine, and I answered with a determined
look his eyes which glared on me; suddenly they were withdrawn,
cast down, a tear, I thought, wetted the dark lashes; I was
softened, and with involuntary emotion added, "Not that you are
such, my dear lord."

I paused, even awed by the agitation he evinced; "Yes," he said at
length, rising and biting his lip, as he strove to curb his
passion; "Such am I!  You do not know me, Verney; neither you, nor
our audience of last night, nor does universal England know aught
of me.  I stand here, it would seem, an elected king; this hand is
about to grasp a sceptre; these brows feel in each nerve the coming
diadem.  I appear to have strength, power, victory; standing as a
dome-supporting column stands; and I am--a reed!  I have ambition,
and that attains its aim; my nightly dreams are realized, my waking
hopes fulfilled; a kingdom awaits my acceptance, my enemies are
overthrown.  But here," and he struck his heart with violence,
"here is the rebel, here the stumbling-block; this over-ruling
heart, which I may drain of its living blood; but, while one
fluttering pulsation remains, I am its slave."

He spoke with a broken voice, then bowed his head, and, hiding his
face in his hands, wept.  I was still smarting from my own
disappointment; yet this scene oppressed me even to terror, nor
could I interrupt his access of passion.  It subsided at length;
and, throwing himself on the couch, he remained silent and
motionless, except that his changeful features showed a strong
internal conflict.  At last he rose, and said in his usual tone of
voice, "The time grows on us, Verney, I must away.  Let me not
forget my chiefest errand here.  Will you accompany me to Windsor
to-morrow?  You will not be dishonoured by my society, and as this
is probably the last service, or disservice you can do me, will you
grant my request?"

He held out his hand with almost a bashful air.  Swiftly I thought--
Yes, I will witness the last scene of the drama.  Beside which,
his mien conquered me, and an affectionate sentiment towards him,
again filled my heart--I bade him command me.  "Aye, that I will,"
said he gaily, "that's my cue now; be with me to-morrow morning by
seven; be secret and faithful; and you shall be groom of the stole
ere long."

So saying, he hastened away, vaulted on his horse, and with a
gesture as if he gave me his hand to kiss, bade me another laughing
adieu.  Left to myself, I strove with painful intensity to divine
the motive of his request and foresee the events of the coming day.
The hours passed on unperceived; my head ached with thought, the
nerves seemed teeming with the over full fraught--I clasped my
burning brow, as if my fevered hand could medicine its pain.

I was punctual to the appointed hour on the following day, and
found Lord Raymond waiting for me.  We got into his carriage, and
proceeded towards Windsor.  I had tutored myself, and was resolved
by no outward sign to disclose my internal agitation.

"What a mistake Ryland made," said Raymond, "when he thought to
overpower me the other night.  He spoke well, very well; such an
harangue would have succeeded better addressed to me singly, than
to the fools and knaves assembled yonder.  Had I been alone, I
should have listened to him with a wish to hear reason, but when he
endeavoured to vanquish me in my own territory, with my own
weapons, he put me on my mettle, and the event was such as all
might have expected."

I smiled incredulously, and replied:  "I am of Ryland's way of
thinking, and will, if you please, repeat all his arguments; we
shall see how far you will be induced by them, to change the royal
for the patriotic style."

"The repetition would be useless," said Raymond, "since I well
remember them, and have many others, self-suggested, which speak
with unanswerable persuasion."

He did not explain himself, nor did I make any remark on his reply.
Our silence endured for some miles, till the country with open
fields, or shady woods and parks, presented pleasant objects to our
view.  After some observations on the scenery and seats, Raymond
said:  "Philosophers have called man a microcosm of nature, and
find a reflection in the internal mind for all this machinery
visibly at work around us.  This theory has often been a source of
amusement to me; and many an idle hour have I spent, exercising my
ingenuity in finding resemblances.  Does not Lord Bacon say that,
'the falling from a discord to a concord, which maketh great
sweetness in music, hath an agreement with the affections, which
are re-integrated to the better after some dislikes?'  What a sea
is the tide of passion, whose fountains are in our own nature!  Our
virtues are the quick-sands, which show themselves at calm and low
water; but let the waves arise and the winds buffet them, and the
poor devil whose hope was in their durability, finds them sink from
under him.  The fashions of the world, its exigencies, educations
and pursuits, are winds to drive our wills, like clouds all one
way; but let a thunderstorm arise in the shape of love, hate, or
ambition, and the rack goes backward, stemming the opposing air in

"Yet," replied I, "nature always presents to our eyes the
appearance of a patient: while there is an active principle in man
which is capable of ruling fortune, and at least of tacking against
the gale, till it in some mode conquers it."

"There is more of what is specious than true in your distinction,"
said my companion.  "Did we form ourselves, choosing our
dispositions, and our powers?  I find myself, for one, as a
stringed instrument with chords and stops--but I have no power to
turn the pegs, or pitch my thoughts to a higher or lower key."

"Other men," I observed, "may be better musicians."

"I talk not of others, but myself," replied Raymond, "and I am as
fair an example to go by as another.  I cannot set my heart to a
particular tune, or run voluntary changes on my will.  We are born;
we choose neither our parents, nor our station; we are educated by
others, or by the world's circumstance, and this cultivation,
mingling with our innate disposition, is the soil in which our
desires, passions, and motives grow."

"There is much truth in what you say," said I, "and yet no man ever
acts upon this theory.  Who, when he makes a choice, says, Thus I
choose, because I am necessitated?  Does he not on the contrary
feel a freedom of will within him, which, though you may call it
fallacious, still actuates him as he decides?"

"Exactly so," replied Raymond, "another link of the breakless
chain.  Were I now to commit an act which would annihilate my
hopes, and pluck the regal garment from my mortal limbs, to clothe
them in ordinary weeds, would this, think you, be an act of free-
will on my part?"

As we talked thus, I perceived that we were not going the ordinary
road to Windsor, but through Englefield Green, towards Bishopgate
Heath.  I began to divine that Idris was not the object of our
journey, but that I was brought to witness the scene that was to
decide the fate of Raymond--and of Perdita.  Raymond had evidently
vacillated during his journey, and irresolution was marked in every
gesture as we entered Perdita's cottage.  I watched him curiously,
determined that, if this hesitation should continue, I would assist
Perdita to overcome herself, and teach her to disdain the wavering
love of him, who balanced between the possession of a crown, and of
her, whose excellence and affection transcended the worth of a

We found her in her flower-adorned alcove; she was reading the
newspaper report of the debate in parliament, that apparently
doomed her to hopelessness.  That heart-sinking feeling was painted
in her sunk eyes and spiritless attitude; a cloud was on her
beauty, and frequent sighs were tokens of her distress.  This sight
had an instantaneous effect on Raymond; his eyes beamed with
tenderness, and remorse clothed his manners with earnestness and
truth.  He sat beside her; and, taking the paper from her hand,
said, "Not a word more shall my sweet Perdita read of this
contention of madmen and fools.  I must not permit you to be
acquainted with the extent of my delusion, lest you despise me;
although, believe me, a wish to appear before you, not vanquished,
but as a conqueror, inspired me during my wordy war."

Perdita looked at him like one amazed; her expressive countenance
shone for a moment with tenderness; to see him only was happiness.
But a bitter thought swiftly shadowed her joy; she bent her eyes on
the ground, endeavouring to master the passion of tears that
threatened to overwhelm her.  Raymond continued, "I will not act a
part with you, dear girl, or appear other than what I am, weak and
unworthy, more fit to excite your disdain than your love.  Yet you
do love me; I feel and know that you do, and thence I draw my most
cherished hopes.  If pride guided you, or even reason, you might
well reject me.  Do so; if your high heart, incapable of my
infirmity of purpose, refuses to bend to the lowness of mine.  Turn
from me, if you will,--if you can.  If your whole soul does not
urge you to forgive me--if your entire heart does not open wide its
door to admit me to its very centre, forsake me, never speak to me
again.  I, though sinning against you almost beyond remission, I
also am proud; there must be no reserve in your pardon--no drawback
to the gift of your affection."

Perdita looked down, confused, yet pleased.  My presence
embarrassed her; so that she dared not turn to meet her lover's
eye, or trust her voice to assure him of her affection; while a
blush mantled her cheek, and her disconsolate air was exchanged for
one expressive of deep-felt joy.  Raymond encircled her waist with
his arm, and continued, "I do not deny that I have balanced between
you and the highest hope that mortal men can entertain; but I do so
no longer.  Take me--mould me to your will, possess my heart and
soul to all eternity.  If you refuse to contribute to my happiness,
I quit England to-night, and will never set foot in it again.

"Lionel, you hear: witness for me: persuade your sister to forgive
the injury I have done her; persuade her to be mine."

"There needs no persuasion," said the blushing Perdita, "except
your own dear promises, and my ready heart, which whispers to me
that they are true."

That same evening we all three walked together in the forest, and,
with the garrulity which happiness inspires, they detailed to me
the history of their loves.  It was pleasant to see the haughty
Raymond and reserved Perdita changed through happy love into
prattling, playful children, both losing their characteristic
dignity in the fullness of mutual contentment.  A night or two ago
Lord Raymond, with a brow of care, and a heart oppressed with
thought, bent all his energies to silence or persuade the
legislators of England that a sceptre was not too weighty for his
hand, while visions of dominion, war, and triumph floated before
him; now, frolicsome as a lively boy sporting under his mother's
approving eye, the hopes of his ambition were complete, when he
pressed the small fair hand of Perdita to his lips; while she,
radiant with delight, looked on the still pool, not truly admiring
herself, but drinking in with rapture the reflection there made of
the form of herself and her lover, shown for the first time in dear

I rambled away from them.  If the rapture of assured sympathy was
theirs, I enjoyed that of restored hope.  I looked on the regal
towers of Windsor.  High is the wall and strong the barrier that
separate me from my Star of Beauty.  But not impassible.  She will
not be his.  A few more years dwell in thy native garden, sweet
flower, till I by toil and time acquire a right to gather thee.
Despair not, nor bid me despair!  What must I do now?  First I must
seek Adrian, and restore him to her.  Patience, gentleness, and
untired affection, shall recall him, if it be true, as Raymond
says, that he is mad; energy and courage shall rescue him, if he be
unjustly imprisoned.

After the lovers again joined me, we supped together in the alcove.
Truly it was a fairy's supper; for though the air was perfumed by
the scent of fruits and wine, we none of us either ate or drank--
even the beauty of the night was unobserved; their ecstasy could
not be increased by outward objects, and I was wrapt in reverie.
At about midnight Raymond and I took leave of my sister, to return
to town.  He was all gaiety; scraps of songs fell from his lips;
every thought of his mind--every object about us, gleamed under the
sunshine of his mirth.  He accused me of melancholy, of ill-humour
and envy.

"Not so," said I, "though I confess that my thoughts are not
occupied as pleasantly as yours are.  You promised to facilitate my
visit to Adrian; I conjure you to perform your promise.  I cannot
linger here; I long to soothe--perhaps to cure the malady of my
first and best friend.  I shall immediately depart for Dunkeld."

"Thou bird of night," replied Raymond, "what an eclipse do you
throw across my bright thoughts, forcing me to call to mind that
melancholy ruin, which stands in mental desolation, more
irreparable than a fragment of a carved column in a weed-grown
field.  You dream that you can restore him?  Ddalus never wound so
inextricable an error round Minotaur, as madness has woven about
his imprisoned reason.  Nor you, nor any other Theseus, can thread
the labyrinth, to which perhaps some unkind Ariadne has the clue."

"You allude to Evadne Zaimi: but she is not in England."

"And were she," said Raymond, "I would not advise her seeing him.
Better to decay in absolute delirium, than to be the victim of the
methodical unreason of ill-bestowed love.  The long duration of his
malady has probably erased from his mind all vestige of her; and it
were well that it should never again be imprinted.  You will find
him at Dunkeld; gentle and tractable he wanders up the hills, and
through the wood, or sits listening beside the waterfall.  You may
see him--his hair stuck with wild flowers--his eyes full of
untraceable meaning--his voice broken--his person wasted to a
shadow.  He plucks flowers and weeds, and weaves chaplets of them,
or sails yellow leaves and bits of bark on the stream, rejoicing in
their safety, or weeping at their wreck.  The very memory half
unmans me.  By Heaven! the first tears I have shed since boyhood
rushed scalding into my eyes when I saw him."

It needed not this last account to spur me on to visit him.  I only
doubted whether or not I should endeavour to see Idris again,
before I departed.  This doubt was decided on the following day.
Early in the morning Raymond came to me; intelligence had arrived
that Adrian was dangerously ill, and it appeared impossible that
his failing strength should surmount the disorder.  "To-morrow,"
said Raymond, "his mother and sister set out for Scotland to see
him once again."

"And I go to-day," I cried; "this very hour I will engage a sailing
balloon; I shall be there in forty-eight hours at furthest, perhaps
in less, if the wind is fair.  Farewell, Raymond; be happy in
having chosen the better part in life.  This turn of fortune
revives me.  I feared madness, not sickness--I have a presentiment
that Adrian will not die; perhaps this illness is a crisis, and he
may recover."

Everything favoured my journey.  The balloon rose about half a mile
from the earth, and with a favourable wind it hurried through the
air, its feathered vans cleaving the unopposing atmosphere.
Notwithstanding the melancholy object of my journey, my spirits
were exhilarated by reviving hope, by the swift motion of the airy
pinnace, and the balmy visitation of the sunny air.  The pilot
hardly moved the plumed steerage, and the slender mechanism of the
wings, wide unfurled, gave forth a murmuring noise, soothing to the
sense.  Plain and hill, stream and corn-field, were discernible
below, while we unimpeded sped on swift and secure, as a wild swan
in his spring-tide flight.  The machine obeyed the slightest motion
of the helm; and, the wind blowing steadily, there was no let or
obstacle to our course.  Such was the power of man over the
elements; a power long sought, and lately won; yet foretold in by-
gone time by the prince of poets, whose verses I quoted much to the
astonishment of my pilot, when I told him how many hundred years
ago they had been written:--

     Oh! human wit, thou can'st invent much ill,
     Thou searchest strange arts: who would think by skill,
     An heavy man like a light bird should stray,
     And through the empty heavens find a way?

I alighted at Perth; and, though much fatigued by a constant
exposure to the air for many hours, I would not rest, but merely
altering my mode of conveyance, I went by land instead of air, to
Dunkeld.  The sun was rising as I entered the opening of the hills.
After the revolution of ages Birnam hill was again covered with a
young forest, while more aged pines, planted at the very
commencement of the nineteenth century by the then Duke of Athol,
gave solemnity and beauty to the scene.  The rising sun first
tinged the pine tops; and my mind, rendered through my mountain
education deeply susceptible of the graces of nature, and now on
the eve of again beholding my beloved and perhaps dying friend, was
strangely influenced by the sight of those distant beams: surely
they were ominous, and as such I regarded them, good omens for
Adrian, on whose life my happiness depended.

Poor fellow! he lay stretched on a bed of sickness, his cheeks
glowing with the hues of fever, his eyes half closed, his breath
irregular and difficult.  Yet it was less painful to see him thus,
than to find him fulfilling the animal functions uninterruptedly,
his mind sick the while.  I established myself at his bedside; I
never quitted it day or night.  Bitter task was it, to behold his
spirit waver between death and life: to see his warm cheek, and
know that the very fire which burned too fiercely there, was
consuming the vital fuel; to hear his moaning voice, which might
never again articulate words of love and wisdom; to witness the
ineffectual motions of his limbs, soon to be wrapt in their mortal
shroud.  Such for three days and nights appeared the consummation
which fate had decreed for my labours, and I became haggard and
spectre-like, through anxiety and watching.  At length his eyes
unclosed faintly, yet with a look of returning life; he became pale
and weak; but the rigidity of his features was softened by
approaching convalescence.  He knew me.  What a brimful cup of
joyful agony it was, when his face first gleamed with the glance of
recognition--when he pressed my hand, now more fevered than his
own, and when he pronounced my name!  No trace of his past insanity
remained, to dash my joy with sorrow.

This same evening his mother and sister arrived.  The Countess of
Windsor was by nature full of energetic feeling; but she had very
seldom in her life permitted the concentrated emotions of her heart
to show themselves on her features.  The studied immovability of
her countenance; her slow, equable manner, and soft but unmelodious
voice, were a mask, hiding her fiery passions, and the impatience
of her disposition.  She did not in the least resemble either of
her children; her black and sparkling eye, lit up by pride, was
totally unlike the blue lustre, and frank, benignant expression of
either Adrian or Idris.  There was something grand and majestic in
her motions, but nothing persuasive, nothing amiable.  Tall, thin,
and strait, her face still handsome, her raven hair hardly tinged
with grey, her forehead arched and beautiful, had not the eye-brows
been somewhat scattered--it was impossible not to be struck by her,
almost to fear her.  Idris appeared to be the only being who could
resist her mother, notwithstanding the extreme mildness of her
character.  But there was a fearlessness and frankness about her,
which said that she would not encroach on another's liberty, but
held her own sacred and unassailable.

The Countess cast no look of kindness on my worn-out frame, though
afterwards she thanked me coldly for my attentions.  Not so Idris;
her first glance was for her brother; she took his hand, she kissed
his eye-lids, and hung over him with looks of compassion and love.
Her eyes glistened with tears when she thanked me, and the grace of
her expressions was enhanced, not diminished, by the fervour, which
caused her almost to falter as she spoke.  Her mother, all eyes and
ears, soon interrupted us; and I saw, that she wished to dismiss me
quietly, as one whose services, now that his relatives had arrived,
were of no use to her son.  I was harassed and ill, resolved not to
give up my post, yet doubting in what way I should assert it; when
Adrian called me, and clasping my hand, bade me not leave him.  His
mother, apparently inattentive, at once understood what was meant,
and seeing the hold we had upon her, yielded the point to us.

The days that followed were full of pain to me; so that I sometimes
regretted that I had not yielded at once to the haughty lady, who
watched all my motions, and turned my beloved task of nursing my
friend to a work of pain and irritation.  Never did any woman
appear so entirely made of mind, as the Countess of Windsor.  Her
passions had subdued her appetites, even her natural wants; she
slept little, and hardly ate at all; her body was evidently
considered by her as a mere machine, whose health was necessary for
the accomplishment of her schemes, but whose senses formed no part
of her enjoyment.  There is something fearful in one who can thus
conquer the animal part of our nature, if the victory be not the
effect of consummate virtue; nor was it without a mixture of this
feeling, that I beheld the figure of the Countess awake when others
slept, fasting when I, abstemious naturally, and rendered so by the
fever that preyed on me, was forced to recruit myself with food.
She resolved to prevent or diminish my opportunities of acquiring
influence over her children, and circumvented my plans by a hard,
quiet, stubborn resolution, that seemed not to belong to flesh and
blood.  War was at last tacitly acknowledged between us.  We had
many pitched battles, during which no word was spoken, hardly a
look was interchanged, but in which each resolved not to submit to
the other.  The Countess had the advantage of position; so I was
vanquished, though I would not yield.

I became sick at heart.  My countenance was painted with the hues
of ill health and vexation.  Adrian and Idris saw this; they
attributed it to my long watching and anxiety; they urged me to
rest, and take care of myself, while I most truly assured them,
that my best medicine was their good wishes; those, and the assured
convalescence of my friend, now daily more apparent.  The faint
rose again blushed on his cheek; his brow and lips lost the ashy
paleness of threatened dissolution; such was the dear reward of my
unremitting attention--and bounteous heaven added overflowing
recompense, when it gave me also the thanks and smiles of Idris.

After the lapse of a few weeks, we left Dunkeld.  Idris and her
mother returned immediately to Windsor, while Adrian and I followed
by slow journeys and frequent stoppages, occasioned by his
continued weakness.  As we traversed the various counties of
fertile England, all wore an exhilarating appearance to my
companion, who had been so long secluded by disease from the
enjoyments of weather and scenery.  We passed through busy towns
and cultivated plains.  The husbandmen were getting in their
plenteous harvests, and the women and children, occupied by light
rustic toils, formed groups of happy, healthful persons, the very
sight of whom carried cheerfulness to the heart.  One evening,
quitting our inn, we strolled down a shady lane, then up a grassy
slope, till we came to an eminence, that commanded an extensive
view of hill and dale, meandering rivers, dark woods, and shining
villages.  The sun was setting; and the clouds, straying, like new-
shorn sheep, through the vast fields of sky, received the golden
colour of his parting beams; the distant uplands shone out, and the
busy hum of evening came, harmonized by distance, on our ear.
Adrian, who felt all the fresh spirit infused by returning health,
clasped his hands in delight, and exclaimed with transport:

"O happy earth, and happy inhabitants of earth!  A stately palace
has God built for you, O man! and worthy are you of your dwelling!
Behold the verdant carpet spread at our feet, and the azure canopy
above; the fields of earth which generate and nurture all things,
and the track of heaven, which contains and clasps all things.
Now, at this evening hour, at the period of repose and refection,
methinks all hearts breathe one hymn of love and thanksgiving, and
we, like priests of old on the mountain-tops, give a voice to their

"Assuredly a most benignant power built up the majestic fabric we
inhabit, and framed the laws by which it endures.  If mere
existence, and not happiness, had been the final end of our being,
what need of the profuse luxuries which we enjoy?  Why should our
dwelling place be so lovely, and why should the instincts of nature
minister pleasurable sensations?  The very sustaining of our animal
machine is made delightful; and our sustenance, the fruits of the
field, is painted with transcendent hues, endued with grateful
odours, and palatable to our taste.  Why should this be, if HE were
not good?  We need houses to protect us from the seasons, and
behold the materials with which we are provided; the growth of
trees with their adornment of leaves; while rocks of stone piled
above the plains variegate the prospect with their pleasant

"Nor are outward objects alone the receptacles of the Spirit of
Good.  Look into the mind of man, where wisdom reigns enthroned;
where imagination, the painter, sits, with his pencil dipped in
hues lovelier than those of sunset, adorning familiar life with
glowing tints.  What a noble boon, worthy the giver, is the
imagination!  It takes from reality its leaden hue: it envelopes
all thought and sensation in a radiant veil, and with an hand of
beauty beckons us from the sterile seas of life, to her gardens,
and bowers, and glades of bliss.  And is not love a gift of the
divinity?  Love, and her child, Hope, which can bestow wealth on
poverty, strength on the weak, and happiness on the sorrowing.

"My lot has not been fortunate.  I have consorted long with grief,
entered the gloomy labyrinth of madness, and emerged, but half
alive.  Yet I thank God that I have lived!  I thank God, that I
have beheld his throne, the heavens, and earth, his footstool.  I
am glad that I have seen the changes of his day; to behold the sun,
fountain of light, and the gentle pilgrim moon; to have seen the
fire bearing flowers of the sky, and the flowery stars of earth; to
have witnessed the sowing and the harvest.  I am glad that I have
loved, and have experienced sympathetic joy and sorrow with my
fellow-creatures.  I am glad now to feel the current of thought
flow through my mind, as the blood through the articulations of my
frame; mere existence is pleasure; and I thank God that I live!

"And all ye happy nurslings of mother-earth, do ye not echo my
words?  Ye who are linked by the affectionate ties of nature,
companions, friends, lovers! fathers, who toil with joy for their
offspring; women, who while gazing on the living forms of their
children, forget the pains of maternity; children, who neither toil
nor spin, but love and are loved!

"Oh, that death and sickness were banished from our earthly home!
that hatred, tyranny, and fear could no longer make their lair in
the human heart! that each man might find a brother in his fellow,
and a nest of repose amid the wide plains of his inheritance! that
the source of tears were dry, and that lips might no longer form
expressions of sorrow.  Sleeping thus under the beneficent eye of
heaven, can evil visit thee, O Earth, or grief cradle to their
graves thy luckless children?  Whisper it not, let the demons hear
and rejoice!  The choice is with us; let us will it, and our
habitation becomes a paradise.  For the will of man is omnipotent,
blunting the arrows of death, soothing the bed of disease, and
wiping away the tears of agony.  And what is each human being
worth, if he do not put forth his strength to aid his fellow-
creatures?  My soul is a fading spark, my nature frail as a spent
wave; but I dedicate all of intellect and strength that remains to
me, to that one work, and take upon me the task, as far as I am
able, of bestowing blessings on my fellow-men!"

His voice trembled, his eyes were cast up, his hands clasped, and
his fragile person was bent, as it were, with excess of emotion.
The spirit of life seemed to linger in his form, as a dying flame
on an altar flickers on the embers of an accepted sacrifice.


When we arrived at Windsor, I found that Raymond and Perdita had
departed for the continent.  I took possession of my sister's
cottage, and blessed myself that I lived within view of Windsor
Castle.  It was a curious fact, that at this period, when by the
marriage of Perdita I was allied to one of the richest individuals
in England, and was bound by the most intimate friendship to its
chiefest noble, I experienced the greatest excess of poverty that I
had ever known.  My knowledge of the worldly principles of Lord
Raymond, would have ever prevented me from applying to him, however
deep my distress might have been.  It was in vain that I repeated
to myself with regard to Adrian, that his purse was open to me;
that one in soul, as we were, our fortunes ought also to be common.
I could never, while with him, think of his bounty as a remedy to
my poverty; and I even put aside hastily his offers of supplies,
assuring him of a falsehood, that I needed them not.  How could I
say to this generous being, "Maintain me in idleness.  You who have
dedicated your powers of mind and fortune to the benefit of your
species, shall you so misdirect your exertions, as to support in
uselessness the strong, healthy, and capable?"

And yet I dared not request him to use his influence that I might
obtain an honourable provision for myself--for then I should have
been obliged to leave Windsor.  I hovered for ever around the walls
of its Castle, beneath its enshadowing thickets; my sole companions
were my books and my loving thoughts.  I studied the wisdom of the
ancients, and gazed on the happy walls that sheltered the beloved
of my soul.  My mind was nevertheless idle.  I pored over the
poetry of old times; I studied the metaphysics of Plato and
Berkeley.  I read the histories of Greece and Rome, and of
England's former periods, and I watched the movements of the lady
of my heart.  At night I could see her shadow on the walls of her
apartment; by day I viewed her in her flower-garden, or riding in
the park with her usual companions.  Methought the charm would be
broken if I were seen, but I heard the music of her voice and was
happy.  I gave to each heroine of whom I read, her beauty and
matchless excellences--such was Antigone, when she guided the blind
Oedipus to the grove of the Eumenides, and discharged the funeral
rites of Polynices; such was Miranda in the unvisited cave of
Prospero; such Haidee, on the sands of the Ionian island.  I was
mad with excess of passionate devotion; but pride, tameless as
fire, invested my nature, and prevented me from betraying myself by
word or look.

In the mean time, while I thus pampered myself with rich mental
repasts, a peasant would have disdained my scanty fare, which I
sometimes robbed from the squirrels of the forest.  I was, I own,
often tempted to recur to the lawless feats of my boy-hood, and
knock down the almost tame pheasants that perched upon the trees,
and bent their bright eyes on me.  But they were the property of
Adrian, the nurslings of Idris; and so, although my imagination
rendered sensual by privation, made me think that they would better
become the spit in my kitchen, than the green leaves of the forest,

     I checked my haughty will, and did not eat;

but supped upon sentiment, and dreamt vainly of "such morsels
sweet," as I might not waking attain.

But, at this period, the whole scheme of my existence was about to
change.  The orphan and neglected son of Verney, was on the eve of
being linked to the mechanism of society by a golden chain, and to
enter into all the duties and affections of life.  Miracles were to
be wrought in my favour, the machine of social life pushed with
vast effort backward.  Attend, O reader! while I narrate this tale
of wonders!

One day as Adrian and Idris were riding through the forest, with
their mother and accustomed companions, Idris, drawing her brother
aside from the rest of the cavalcade, suddenly asked him, "What had
become of his friend, Lionel Verney?"

"Even from this spot," replied Adrian, pointing to my sister's
cottage, "you can see his dwelling."

"Indeed!" said Idris, "and why, if he be so near, does he not come
to see us, and make one of our society?"

"I often visit him," replied Adrian; "but you may easily guess the
motives, which prevent him from coming where his presence may annoy
any one among us."

"I do guess them," said Idris, "and such as they are, I would not
venture to combat them.  Tell me, however, in what way he passes
his time; what he is doing and thinking in his cottage retreat?"

"Nay, my sweet sister," replied Adrian, "you ask me more than I can
well answer; but if you feel interest in him, why not visit him?
He will feel highly honoured, and thus you may repay a part of the
obligation I owe him, and compensate for the injuries fortune has
done him."

"I will most readily accompany you to his abode," said the lady,
"not that I wish that either of us should unburthen ourselves of
our debt, which, being no less than your life, must remain
unpayable ever.  But let us go; to-morrow we will arrange to ride
out together, and proceeding towards that part of the forest, call
upon him."

The next evening therefore, though the autumnal change had brought
on cold and rain, Adrian and Idris entered my cottage.  They found
me Curius-like, feasting on sorry fruits for supper; but they
brought gifts richer than the golden bribes of the Sabines, nor
could I refuse the invaluable store of friendship and delight which
they bestowed.  Surely the glorious twins of Latona were not more
welcome, when, in the infancy of the world, they were brought forth
to beautify and enlighten this "sterile promontory," than were this
angelic pair to my lowly dwelling and grateful heart.  We sat like
one family round my hearth.  Our talk was on subjects, unconnected
with the emotions that evidently occupied each; but we each divined
the other's thought, and as our voices spoke of indifferent
matters, our eyes, in mute language, told a thousand things no
tongue could have uttered.

They left me in an hour's time.  They left me happy--how
unspeakably happy.  It did not require the measured sounds of human
language to syllable the story of my ecstasy.  Idris had visited
me; Idris I should again and again see--my imagination did not
wander beyond the completeness of this knowledge.  I trod air; no
doubt, no fear, no hope even, disturbed me; I clasped with my soul
the fullness of contentment, satisfied, undesiring, beatified.

For many days Adrian and Idris continued to visit me thus.  In this
dear intercourse, love, in the guise of enthusiastic friendship,
infused more and more of his omnipotent spirit.  Idris felt it.
Yes, divinity of the world, I read your characters in her looks and
gesture; I heard your melodious voice echoed by her--you prepared
for us a soft and flowery path, all gentle thoughts adorned it--
your name, O Love, was not spoken, but you stood the Genius of the
Hour, veiled, and time, but no mortal hand, might raise the
curtain.  Organs of articulate sound did not proclaim the union of
our hearts; for untoward circumstance allowed no opportunity for
the expression that hovered on our lips.

Oh my pen! haste thou to write what was, before the thought of what
is, arrests the hand that guides thee.  If I lift up my eyes and
see the desert earth, and feel that those dear eyes have spent
their mortal lustre, and that those beauteous lips are silent,
their "crimson leaves" faded, for ever I am mute!

But you live, my Idris, even now you move before me!  There was a
glade, O reader! a grassy opening in the wood; the retiring trees
left its velvet expanse as a temple for love; the silver Thames
bounded it on one side, and a willow bending down dipped in the
water its Naiad hair, dishevelled by the wind's viewless hand.  The
oaks around were the home of a tribe of nightingales--there am I
now; Idris, in youth's dear prime, is by my side--remember, I am
just twenty-two, and seventeen summers have scarcely passed over
the beloved of my heart.  The river swollen by autumnal rains,
deluged the low lands, and Adrian in his favourite boat is employed
in the dangerous pastime of plucking the topmost bough from a
submerged oak.  Are you weary of life, O Adrian, that you thus play
with danger?--

He has obtained his prize, and he pilots his boat through the
flood; our eyes were fixed on him fearfully, but the stream carried
him away from us; he was forced to land far lower down, and to make
a considerable circuit before he could join us.  "He is safe!" said
Idris, as he leapt on shore, and waved the bough over his head in
token of success; "we will wait for him here."

We were alone together; the sun had set; the song of the
nightingales began; the evening star shone distinct in the flood of
light, which was yet unfaded in the west.  The blue eyes of my
angelic girl were fixed on this sweet emblem of herself:  "How the
light palpitates," she said, "which is that star's life.  Its
vacillating effulgence seems to say that its state, even like ours
upon earth, is wavering and inconstant; it fears, methinks, and it

"Gaze not on the star, dear, generous friend," I cried, "read not
love in ITS trembling rays; look not upon distant worlds; speak not
of the mere imagination of a sentiment.  I have long been silent;
long even to sickness have I desired to speak to you, and submit my
soul, my life, my entire being to you.  Look not on the star, dear
love, or do, and let that eternal spark plead for me; let it be my
witness and my advocate, silent as it shines--love is to me as
light to the star; even so long as that is uneclipsed by
annihilation, so long shall I love you."

Veiled for ever to the world's callous eye must be the transport of
that moment.  Still do I feel her graceful form press against my
full-fraught heart--still does sight, and pulse, and breath sicken
and fail, at the remembrance of that first kiss.  Slowly and
silently we went to meet Adrian, whom we heard approaching.

I entreated Adrian to return to me after he had conducted his
sister home.  And that same evening, walking among the moon-lit
forest paths, I poured forth my whole heart, its transport and its
hope, to my friend.  For a moment he looked disturbed--"I might
have foreseen this," he said, "what strife will now ensue!  Pardon
me, Lionel, nor wonder that the expectation of contest with my
mother should jar me, when else I should delightedly confess that
my best hopes are fulfilled, in confiding my sister to your
protection.  If you do not already know it, you will soon learn the
deep hate my mother bears to the name Verney.  I will converse with
Idris; then all that a friend can do, I will do; to her it must
belong to play the lover's part, if she be capable of it."

While the brother and sister were still hesitating in what manner
they could best attempt to bring their mother over to their party,
she, suspecting our meetings, taxed her children with them; taxed
her fair daughter with deceit, and an unbecoming attachment for one
whose only merit was being the son of the profligate favourite of
her imprudent father; and who was doubtless as worthless as he from
whom he boasted his descent.  The eyes of Idris flashed at this
accusation; she replied, "I do not deny that I love Verney; prove
to me that he is worthless; and I will never see him more."

"Dear Madam," said Adrian, "let me entreat you to see him, to
cultivate his friendship.  You will wonder then, as I do, at the
extent of his accomplishments, and the brilliancy of his talents."
(Pardon me, gentle reader, this is not futile vanity;--not futile,
since to know that Adrian felt thus, brings joy even now to my lone

"Mad and foolish boy!" exclaimed the angry lady, "you have chosen
with dreams and theories to overthrow my schemes for your own
aggrandisement; but you shall not do the same by those I have
formed for your sister.  I but too well understand the fascination
you both labour under; since I had the same struggle with your
father, to make him cast off the parent of this youth, who hid his
evil propensities with the smoothness and subtlety of a viper.  In
those days how often did I hear of his attractions, his wide spread
conquests, his wit, his refined manners.  It is well when flies
only are caught by such spiders' webs; but is it for the high-born
and powerful to bow their necks to the flimsy yoke of these
unmeaning pretensions?  Were your sister indeed the insignificant
person she deserves to be, I would willingly leave her to the fate,
the wretched fate, of the wife of a man, whose very person,
resembling as it does his wretched father, ought to remind you of
the folly and vice it typifies--but remember, Lady Idris, it is not
alone the once royal blood of England that colours your veins, you
are a Princess of Austria, and every life-drop is akin to emperors
and kings.  Are you then a fit mate for an uneducated shepherd-boy,
whose only inheritance is his father's tarnished name?"

"I can make but one defence," replied Idris, "the same offered by
my brother; see Lionel, converse with my shepherd-boy"--

The Countess interrupted her indignantly--"Yours!"--she cried: and
then, smoothing her impassioned features to a disdainful smile, she
continued--"We will talk of this another time.  All I now ask, all
your mother, Idris, requests is, that you will not see this upstart
during the interval of one month."

"I dare not comply," said Idris, "it would pain him too much.  I
have no right to play with his feelings, to accept his proffered
love, and then sting him with neglect."

"This is going too far," her mother answered, with quivering lips,
and eyes again instinct by anger.

"Nay, Madam," said Adrian, "unless my sister consent never to see
him again, it is surely an useless torment to separate them for a

"Certainly," replied the ex-queen, with bitter scorn, "his love,
and her love, and both their childish flutterings, are to be put in
fit comparison with my years of hope and anxiety, with the duties
of the offspring of kings, with the high and dignified conduct
which one of her descent ought to pursue.  But it is unworthy of me
to argue and complain.  Perhaps you will have the goodness to
promise me not to marry during that interval?"

This was asked only half ironically; and Idris wondered why her
mother should extort from her a solemn vow not to do, what she had
never dreamed of doing--but the promise was required and given.

All went on cheerfully now; we met as usual, and talked without
dread of our future plans.  The Countess was so gentle, and even
beyond her wont, amiable with her children, that they began to
entertain hopes of her ultimate consent.  She was too unlike them,
too utterly alien to their tastes, for them to find delight in her
society, or in the prospect of its continuance, but it gave them
pleasure to see her conciliating and kind.  Once even, Adrian
ventured to propose her receiving me.  She refused with a smile,
reminding him that for the present his sister had promised to be

One day, after the lapse of nearly a month, Adrian received a
letter from a friend in London, requesting his immediate presence
for the furtherance of some important object.  Guileless himself,
Adrian feared no deceit.  I rode with him as far as Staines: he was
in high spirits; and, since I could not see Idris during his
absence, he promised a speedy return.  His gaiety, which was
extreme, had the strange effect of awakening in me contrary
feelings; a presentiment of evil hung over me; I loitered on my
return; I counted the hours that must elapse before I saw Idris
again.  Wherefore should this be?  What evil might not happen in
the mean time?  Might not her mother take advantage of Adrian's
absence to urge her beyond her sufferance, perhaps to entrap her?
I resolved, let what would befall, to see and converse with her the
following day.  This determination soothed me.  To-morrow,
loveliest and best, hope and joy of my life, to-morrow I will see
thee--Fool, to dream of a moment's delay!

I went to rest.  At past midnight I was awaked by a violent
knocking.  It was now deep winter; it had snowed, and was still
snowing; the wind whistled in the leafless trees, despoiling them
of the white flakes as they fell; its drear moaning, and the
continued knocking, mingled wildly with my dreams--at length I was
wide awake; hastily dressing myself, I hurried to discover the
cause of this disturbance, and to open my door to the unexpected
visitor.  Pale as the snow that showered about her, with clasped
hands, Idris stood before me.  "Save me!" she exclaimed, and would
have sunk to the ground had I not supported her.  In a moment
however she revived, and, with energy, almost with violence,
entreated me to saddle horses, to take her away, away to London--to
her brother--at least to save her.  I had no horses--she wrung her
hands.  "What can I do?" she cried, "I am lost--we are both for
ever lost!  But come--come with me, Lionel; here I must not stay,--
we can get a chaise at the nearest post-house; yet perhaps we have
time! come, O come with me to save and protect me!"

When I heard her piteous demands, while with disordered dress,
dishevelled hair, and aghast looks, she wrung her hands--the idea
shot across me is she also mad?--"Sweet one," and I folded her to
my heart, "better repose than wander further;--rest--my beloved, I
will make a fire--you are chill."

"Rest!" she cried, "repose! you rave, Lionel!  If you delay we are
lost; come, I pray you, unless you would cast me off for ever."

That Idris, the princely born, nursling of wealth and luxury,
should have come through the tempestuous winter-night from her
regal abode, and standing at my lowly door, conjure me to fly with
her through darkness and storm--was surely a dream--again her
plaintive tones, the sight of her loveliness assured me that it was
no vision.  Looking timidly around, as if she feared to be
overheard, she whispered:  "I have discovered--to-morrow--that is,
to-day--already the to-morrow is come--before dawn, foreigners,
Austrians, my mother's hirelings, are to carry me off to Germany,
to prison, to marriage--to anything, except you and my brother--
take me away, or soon they will be here!"

I was frightened by her vehemence, and imagined some mistake in her
incoherent tale; but I no longer hesitated to obey her.  She had
come by herself from the Castle, three long miles, at midnight,
through the heavy snow; we must reach Englefield Green, a mile and
a half further, before we could obtain a chaise.  She told me, that
she had kept up her strength and courage till her arrival at my
cottage, and then both failed.  Now she could hardly walk.
Supporting her as I did, still she lagged: and at the distance of
half a mile, after many stoppages, shivering fits, and half
faintings, she slipt from my supporting arm on the snow, and with a
torrent of tears averred that she must be taken, for that she could
not proceed.  I lifted her up in my arms; her light form rested on
my breast.--I felt no burthen, except the internal one of contrary
and contending emotions.  Brimming delight now invested me.  Again
her chill limbs touched me as a torpedo; and I shuddered in
sympathy with her pain and fright.  Her head lay on my shoulder,
her breath waved my hair, her heart beat near mine, transport made
me tremble, blinded me, annihilated me--till a suppressed groan,
bursting from her lips, the chattering of her teeth, which she
strove vainly to subdue, and all the signs of suffering she
evinced, recalled me to the necessity of speed and succour.  At
last I said to her, "There is Englefield Green; there the inn.
But, if you are seen thus strangely circumstanced, dear Idris, even
now your enemies may learn your flight too soon: were it not better
that I hired the chaise alone?  I will put you in safety meanwhile,
and return to you immediately."

She answered that I was right, and might do with her as I pleased.
I observed the door of a small out-house a-jar.  I pushed it open;
and, with some hay strewed about, I formed a couch for her, placing
her exhausted frame on it, and covering her with my cloak.  I
feared to leave her, she looked so wan and faint--but in a moment
she re-acquired animation, and, with that, fear; and again she
implored me not to delay.  To call up the people of the inn, and
obtain a conveyance and horses, even though I harnessed them
myself, was the work of many minutes; minutes, each freighted with
the weight of ages.  I caused the chaise to advance a little,
waited till the people of the inn had retired, and then made the
post-boy draw up the carriage to the spot where Idris, impatient,
and now somewhat recovered, stood waiting for me.  I lifted her
into the chaise; I assured her that with our four horses we should
arrive in London before five o'clock, the hour when she would be
sought and missed.  I besought her to calm herself; a kindly shower
of tears relieved her, and by degrees she related her tale of fear
and peril.

That same night after Adrian's departure, her mother had warmly
expostulated with her on the subject of her attachment to me.
Every motive, every threat, every angry taunt was urged in vain.
She seemed to consider that through me she had lost Raymond; I was
the evil influence of her life; I was even accused of increasing
and confirming the mad and base apostasy of Adrian from all views
of advancement and grandeur; and now this miserable mountaineer was
to steal her daughter.  Never, Idris related, did the angry lady
deign to recur to gentleness and persuasion; if she had, the task
of resistance would have been exquisitely painful.  As it was, the
sweet girl's generous nature was roused to defend, and ally herself
with, my despised cause.  Her mother ended with a look of contempt
and covert triumph, which for a moment awakened the suspicions of
Idris.  When they parted for the night, the Countess said, "To-
morrow I trust your tone will be changed: be composed; I have
agitated you; go to rest; and I will send you a medicine I always
take when unduly restless--it will give you a quiet night."

By the time that she had with uneasy thoughts laid her fair cheek
upon her pillow, her mother's servant brought a draught; a
suspicion again crossed her at this novel proceeding, sufficiently
alarming to determine her not to take the potion; but dislike of
contention, and a wish to discover whether there was any just
foundation for her conjectures, made her, she said, almost
instinctively, and in contradiction to her usual frankness, pretend
to swallow the medicine.  Then, agitated as she had been by her
mother's violence, and now by unaccustomed fears, she lay unable to
sleep, starting at every sound.  Soon her door opened softly, and
on her springing up, she heard a whisper, "Not asleep yet," and the
door again closed.  With a beating heart she expected another
visit, and when after an interval her chamber was again invaded,
having first assured herself that the intruders were her mother and
an attendant, she composed herself to feigned sleep.  A step
approached her bed, she dared not move, she strove to calm her
palpitations, which became more violent, when she heard her mother
say mutteringly, "Pretty simpleton, little do you think that your
game is already at an end for ever."

For a moment the poor girl fancied that her mother believed that
she had drank poison: she was on the point of springing up; when
the Countess, already at a distance from the bed, spoke in a low
voice to her companion, and again Idris listened:  "Hasten," said
she, "there is no time to lose--it is long past eleven; they will
be here at five; take merely the clothes necessary for her journey,
and her jewel-casket."  The servant obeyed; few words were spoken
on either side; but those were caught at with avidity by the
intended victim.  She heard the name of her own maid mentioned;--
"No, no," replied her mother, "she does not go with us; Lady Idris
must forget England, and all belonging to it."  And again she
heard, "She will not wake till late to-morrow, and we shall then be
at sea."--"All is ready," at length the woman announced.  The
Countess again came to her daughter's bedside:  "In Austria at
least," she said, "you will obey.  In Austria, where obedience can
be enforced, and no choice left but between an honourable prison
and a fitting marriage."

Both then withdrew; though, as she went, the Countess said,
"Softly; all sleep; though all have not been prepared for sleep,
like her.  I would not have any one suspect, or she might be roused
to resistance, and perhaps escape.  Come with me to my room; we
will remain there till the hour agreed upon."  They went.  Idris,
panic-struck, but animated and strengthened even by her excessive
fear, dressed herself hurriedly, and going down a flight of back-
stairs, avoiding the vicinity of her mother's apartment, she
contrived to escape from the castle by a low window, and came
through snow, wind, and obscurity to my cottage; nor lost her
courage, until she arrived, and, depositing her fate in my hands,
gave herself up to the desperation and weariness that overwhelmed

I comforted her as well as I might.  Joy and exultation, were mine,
to possess, and to save her.  Yet not to excite fresh agitation in
her, "per non turbar quel bel viso sereno," I curbed my delight.  I
strove to quiet the eager dancing of my heart; I turned from her my
eyes, beaming with too much tenderness, and proudly, to dark night,
and the inclement atmosphere, murmured the expressions of my
transport.  We reached London, methought, all too soon; and yet I
could not regret our speedy arrival, when I witnessed the ecstasy
with which my beloved girl found herself in her brother's arms,
safe from every evil, under his unblamed protection.

Adrian wrote a brief note to his mother, informing her that Idris
was under his care and guardianship.  Several days elapsed, and at
last an answer came, dated from Cologne.  "It was useless," the
haughty and disappointed lady wrote, "for the Earl of Windsor and
his sister to address again the injured parent, whose only
expectation of tranquillity must be derived from oblivion of their
existence.  Her desires had been blasted, her schemes overthrown.
She did not complain; in her brother's court she would find, not
compensation for their disobedience (filial unkindness admitted of
none), but such a state of things and mode of life, as might best
reconcile her to her fate.  Under such circumstances, she
positively declined any communication with them."

Such were the strange and incredible events, that finally brought
about my union with the sister of my best friend, with my adored
Idris.  With simplicity and courage she set aside the prejudices
and opposition which were obstacles to my happiness, nor scrupled
to give her hand, where she had given her heart.  To be worthy of
her, to raise myself to her height through the exertion of talents
and virtue, to repay her love with devoted, unwearied tenderness,
were the only thanks I could offer for the matchless gift.


And now let the reader, passing over some short period of time, be
introduced to our happy circle.  Adrian, Idris and I, were
established in Windsor Castle; Lord Raymond and my sister,
inhabited a house which the former had built on the borders of the
Great Park, near Perdita's cottage, as was still named the low-
roofed abode, where we two, poor even in hope, had each received
the assurance of our felicity.  We had our separate occupations and
our common amusements.  Sometimes we passed whole days under the
leafy covert of the forest with our books and music.  This occurred
during those rare days in this country, when the sun mounts his
ethereal throne in unclouded majesty, and the windless atmosphere
is as a bath of pellucid and grateful water, wrapping the senses in
tranquillity.  When the clouds veiled the sky, and the wind
scattered them there and here, rending their woof, and strewing its
fragments through the aerial plains--then we rode out, and sought
new spots of beauty and repose.  When the frequent rains shut us
within doors, evening recreation followed morning study, ushered in
by music and song.  Idris had a natural musical talent; and her
voice, which had been carefully cultivated, was full and sweet.
Raymond and I made a part of the concert, and Adrian and Perdita
were devout listeners.  Then we were as gay as summer insects,
playful as children; we ever met one another with smiles, and read
content and joy in each other's countenances.  Our prime festivals
were held in Perdita's cottage; nor were we ever weary of talking
of the past or dreaming of the future.  Jealousy and disquiet were
unknown among us; nor did a fear or hope of change ever disturb our
tranquillity.  Others said, We might be happy--we said--We are.

When any separation took place between us, it generally so
happened, that Idris and Perdita would ramble away together, and we
remained to discuss the affairs of nations, and the philosophy of
life.  The very difference of our dispositions gave zest to these
conversations.  Adrian had the superiority in learning and
eloquence; but Raymond possessed a quick penetration, and a
practical knowledge of life, which usually displayed itself in
opposition to Adrian, and thus kept up the ball of discussion.  At
other times we made excursions of many days' duration, and crossed
the country to visit any spot noted for beauty or historical
association.  Sometimes we went up to London, and entered into the
amusements of the busy throng; sometimes our retreat was invaded by
visitors from among them.  This change made us only the more
sensible to the delights of the intimate intercourse of our own
circle, the tranquillity of our divine forest, and our happy
evenings in the halls of our beloved Castle.

The disposition of Idris was peculiarly frank, soft, and
affectionate.  Her temper was unalterably sweet; and although firm
and resolute on any point that touched her heart, she was yielding
to those she loved.  The nature of Perdita was less perfect; but
tenderness and happiness improved her temper, and softened her
natural reserve.  Her understanding was clear and comprehensive,
her imagination vivid; she was sincere, generous, and reasonable.
Adrian, the matchless brother of my soul, the sensitive and
excellent Adrian, loving all, and beloved by all, yet seemed
destined not to find the half of himself, which was to complete his
happiness.  He often left us, and wandered by himself in the woods,
or sailed in his little skiff, his books his only companions.  He
was often the gayest of our party, at the same time that he was the
only one visited by fits of despondency; his slender frame seemed
overcharged with the weight of life, and his soul appeared rather
to inhabit his body than unite with it.  I was hardly more devoted
to my Idris than to her brother, and she loved him as her teacher,
her friend, the benefactor who had secured to her the fulfilment of
her dearest wishes.  Raymond, the ambitious, restless Raymond,
reposed midway on the great high-road of life, and was content to
give up all his schemes of sovereignty and fame, to make one of us,
the flowers of the field.  His kingdom was the heart of Perdita,
his subjects her thoughts; by her he was loved, respected as a
superior being, obeyed, waited on.  No office, no devotion, no
watching was irksome to her, as it regarded him.  She would sit
apart from us and watch him; she would weep for joy to think that
he was hers.  She erected a temple for him in the depth of her
being, and each faculty was a priestess vowed to his service.
Sometimes she might be wayward and capricious; but her repentance
was bitter, her return entire, and even this inequality of temper
suited him who was not formed by nature to float idly down the
stream of life.

During the first year of their marriage, Perdita presented Raymond
with a lovely girl.  It was curious to trace in this miniature
model the very traits of its father.  The same half-disdainful lips
and smile of triumph, the same intelligent eyes, the same brow and
chestnut hair; her very hands and taper fingers resembled his.  How
very dear she was to Perdita!  In progress of time, I also became a
father, and our little darlings, our playthings and delights,
called forth a thousand new and delicious feelings.

Years passed thus,--even years.  Each month brought forth its
successor, each year one like to that gone by; truly, our lives
were a living comment on that beautiful sentiment of Plutarch, that
"our souls have a natural inclination to love, being born as much
to love, as to feel, to reason, to understand and remember." We
talked of change and active pursuits, but still remained at
Windsor, incapable of violating the charm that attached us to our
secluded life.

     Pareamo aver qui tutto il ben raccolto
     Che fra mortali in pi parte si rimembra.

Now also that our children gave us occupation, we found excuses for
our idleness, in the idea of bringing them up to a more splendid
career.  At length our tranquillity was disturbed, and the course
of events, which for five years had flowed on in hushing
tranquillity, was broken by breakers and obstacles, that woke us
from our pleasant dream.

A new Lord Protector of England was to be chosen; and, at Raymond's
request, we removed to London, to witness, and even take a part in
the election.  If Raymond had been united to Idris, this post had
been his stepping-stone to higher dignity; and his desire for power
and fame had been crowned with fullest measure.  He had exchanged a
sceptre for a lute, a kingdom for Perdita.

Did he think of this as we journeyed up to town?  I watched him,
but could make but little of him.  He was particularly gay, playing
with his child, and turning to sport every word that was uttered.
Perhaps he did this because he saw a cloud upon Perdita's brow.
She tried to rouse herself, but her eyes every now and then filled
with tears, and she looked wistfully on Raymond and her girl, as if
fearful that some evil would betide them.  And so she felt.  A
presentiment of ill hung over her.  She leaned from the window
looking on the forest, and the turrets of the Castle, and as these
became hid by intervening objects, she passionately exclaimed--
"Scenes of happiness! scenes sacred to devoted love, when shall I
see you again! and when I see ye, shall I be still the beloved and
joyous Perdita, or shall I, heart-broken and lost, wander among
your groves, the ghost of what I am!"

"Why, silly one," cried Raymond, "what is your little head
pondering upon, that of a sudden you have become so sublimely
dismal?  Cheer up, or I shall make you over to Idris, and call
Adrian into the carriage, who, I see by his gesture, sympathies
with my good spirits."

Adrian was on horseback; he rode up to the carriage, and his
gaiety, in addition to that of Raymond, dispelled my sister's
melancholy.  We entered London in the evening, and went to our
several abodes near Hyde Park.

The following morning Lord Raymond visited me early.  "I come to
you," he said, "only half assured that you will assist me in my
project, but resolved to go through with it, whether you concur
with me or not.  Promise me secrecy however; for if you will not
contribute to my success, at least you must not baffle me."

"Well, I promise.  And now--"

"And now, my dear fellow, for what are we come to London?  To be
present at the election of a Protector, and to give our yea or nay
for his shuffling Grace of ----? or for that noisy Ryland?  Do you
believe, Verney, that I brought you to town for that?  No, we will
have a Protector of our own.  We will set up a candidate, and
ensure his success.  We will nominate Adrian, and do our best to
bestow on him the power to which he is entitled by his birth, and
which he merits through his virtues.

"Do not answer; I know all your objections, and will reply to them
in order.  First, Whether he will or will not consent to become a
great man?  Leave the task of persuasion on that point to me; I do
not ask you to assist me there.  Secondly, Whether he ought to
exchange his employment of plucking blackberries, and nursing
wounded partridges in the forest, for the command of a nation?  My
dear Lionel, WE are married men, and find employment sufficient in
amusing our wives, and dancing our children.  But Adrian is alone,
wifeless, childless, unoccupied.  I have long observed him.  He
pines for want of some interest in life.  His heart, exhausted by
his early sufferings, reposes like a new-healed limb, and shrinks
from all excitement.  But his understanding, his charity, his
virtues, want a field for exercise and display; and we will procure
it for him.  Besides, is it not a shame, that the genius of Adrian
should fade from the earth like a flower in an untrod mountain-
path, fruitless?  Do you think Nature composed his surpassing
machine for no purpose?  Believe me, he was destined to be the
author of infinite good to his native England.  Has she not
bestowed on him every gift in prodigality?--birth, wealth, talent,
goodness?  Does not every one love and admire him? and does he not
delight singly in such efforts as manifest his love to all?  Come,
I see that you are already persuaded, and will second me when I
propose him to-night in parliament."

"You have got up all your arguments in excellent order," I replied;
"and, if Adrian consent, they are unanswerable.  One only condition
I would make,--that you do nothing without his concurrence."

"I believe you are in the right," said Raymond; "although I had
thought at first to arrange the affair differently.  Be it so.  I
will go instantly to Adrian; and, if he inclines to consent, you
will not destroy my labour by persuading him to return, and turn
squirrel again in Windsor Forest.  Idris, you will not act the
traitor towards me?"

"Trust me," replied she, "I will preserve a strict neutrality."

"For my part," said I, "I am too well convinced of the worth of our
friend, and the rich harvest of benefits that all England would
reap from his Protectorship, to deprive my countrymen of such a
blessing, if he consent to bestow it on them."

In the evening Adrian visited us.--"Do you cabal also against me,"
said he, laughing; "and will you make common cause with Raymond, in
dragging a poor visionary from the clouds to surround him with the
fire-works and blasts of earthly grandeur, instead of heavenly rays
and airs?  I thought you knew me better."

"I do know you better," I replied "than to think that you would be
happy in such a situation; but the good you would do to others may
be an inducement, since the time is probably arrived when you can
put your theories into practice, and you may bring about such
reformation and change, as will conduce to that perfect system of
government which you delight to portray."

"You speak of an almost-forgotten dream," said Adrian, his
countenance slightly clouding as he spoke; "the visions of my
boyhood have long since faded in the light of reality; I know now
that I am not a man fitted to govern nations; sufficient for me, if
I keep in wholesome rule the little kingdom of my own mortality.

"But do not you see, Lionel, the drift of our noble friend; a
drift, perhaps, unknown to himself, but apparent to me.  Lord
Raymond was never born to be a drone in the hive, and to find
content in our pastoral life.  He thinks, that he ought to be
satisfied; he imagines, that his present situation precludes the
possibility of aggrandisement; he does not therefore, even in his
own heart, plan change for himself.  But do you not see, that,
under the idea of exalting me, he is chalking out a new path for
himself; a path of action from which he has long wandered?

"Let us assist him.  He, the noble, the warlike, the great in every
quality that can adorn the mind and person of man; he is fitted to
be the Protector of England.  If _I_--that is, if WE propose him,
he will assuredly be elected, and will find, in the functions of
that high office, scope for the towering powers of his mind.  Even
Perdita will rejoice.  Perdita, in whom ambition was a covered fire
until she married Raymond, which event was for a time the
fulfilment of her hopes; Perdita will rejoice in the glory and
advancement of her lord--and, coyly and prettily, not be
discontented with her share.  In the mean time, we, the wise of the
land, will return to our Castle, and, Cincinnatus-like, take to our
usual labours, until our friend shall require our presence and
assistance here."

The more Adrian reasoned upon this scheme, the more feasible it
appeared.  His own determination never to enter into public life
was insurmountable, and the delicacy of his health was a sufficient
argument against it.  The next step was to induce Raymond to
confess his secret wishes for dignity and fame.  He entered while
we were speaking.  The way in which Adrian had received his project
for setting him up as a candidate for the Protectorship, and his
replies, had already awakened in his mind, the view of the subject
which we were now discussing.  His countenance and manner betrayed
irresolution and anxiety; but the anxiety arose from a fear that we
should not prosecute, or not succeed in our idea; and his
irresolution, from a doubt whether we should risk a defeat.  A few
words from us decided him, and hope and joy sparkled in his eyes;
the idea of embarking in a career, so congenial to his early habits
and cherished wishes, made him as before energetic and bold.  We
discussed his chances, the merits of the other candidates, and the
dispositions of the voters.

After all we miscalculated.  Raymond had lost much of his
popularity, and was deserted by his peculiar partisans.  Absence
from the busy stage had caused him to be forgotten by the people;
his former parliamentary supporters were principally composed of
royalists, who had been willing to make an idol of him when he
appeared as the heir of the Earldom of Windsor; but who were
indifferent to him, when he came forward with no other attributes
and distinctions than they conceived to be common to many among
themselves.  Still he had many friends, admirers of his
transcendent talents; his presence in the house, his eloquence,
address and imposing beauty, were calculated to produce an electric
effect.  Adrian also, notwithstanding his recluse habits and
theories, so adverse to the spirit of party, had many friends, and
they were easily induced to vote for a candidate of his selection.

The Duke of ----, and Mr. Ryland, Lord Raymond's old antagonist,
were the other candidates.  The Duke was supported by all the
aristocrats of the republic, who considered him their proper
representative.  Ryland was the popular candidate; when Lord
Raymond was first added to the list, his chance of success appeared
small.  We retired from the debate which had followed on his
nomination: we, his nominators, mortified; he dispirited to excess.
Perdita reproached us bitterly.  Her expectations had been strongly
excited; she had urged nothing against our project, on the
contrary, she was evidently pleased by it; but its evident ill
success changed the current of her ideas.  She felt, that, once
awakened, Raymond would never return unrepining to Windsor.  His
habits were unhinged; his restless mind roused from its sleep,
ambition must now be his companion through life; and if he did not
succeed in his present attempt, she foresaw that unhappiness and
cureless discontent would follow.  Perhaps her own disappointment
added a sting to her thoughts and words; she did not spare us, and
our own reflections added to our disquietude.

It was necessary to follow up our nomination, and to persuade
Raymond to present himself to the electors on the following
evening.  For a long time he was obstinate.  He would embark in a
balloon; he would sail for a distant quarter of the world, where
his name and humiliation were unknown.  But this was useless; his
attempt was registered; his purpose published to the world; his
shame could never be erased from the memories of men.  It was as
well to fail at last after a struggle, as to fly now at the
beginning of his enterprise.

From the moment that he adopted this idea, he was changed.  His
depression and anxiety fled; he became all life and activity.  The
smile of triumph shone on his countenance; determined to pursue his
object to the uttermost, his manner and expression seem ominous of
the accomplishment of his wishes.  Not so Perdita.  She was
frightened by his gaiety, for she dreaded a greater revulsion at
the end.  If his appearance even inspired us with hope, it only
rendered the state of her mind more painful.  She feared to lose
sight of him; yet she dreaded to remark any change in the temper of
his mind.  She listened eagerly to him, yet tantalised herself by
giving to his words a meaning foreign to their true interpretation,
and adverse to her hopes.  She dared not be present at the contest;
yet she remained at home a prey to double solicitude.  She wept
over her little girl; she looked, she spoke, as if she dreaded the
occurrence of some frightful calamity.  She was half mad from the
effects of uncontrollable agitation.

Lord Raymond presented himself to the house with fearless
confidence and insinuating address.  After the Duke of ---- and Mr.
Ryland had finished their speeches, he commenced.  Assuredly he had
not conned his lesson; and at first he hesitated, pausing in his
ideas, and in the choice of his expressions.  By degrees he warmed;
his words flowed with ease, his language was full of vigour, and
his voice of persuasion.  He reverted to his past life, his
successes in Greece, his favour at home.  Why should he lose this,
now that added years, prudence, and the pledge which his marriage
gave to his country, ought to increase, rather than diminish his
claims to confidence?  He spoke of the state of England; the
necessary measures to be taken to ensure its security, and confirm
its prosperity.  He drew a glowing picture of its present
situation.  As he spoke, every sound was hushed, every thought
suspended by intense attention.  His graceful elocution enchained
the senses of his hearers.  In some degree also he was fitted to
reconcile all parties.  His birth pleased the aristocracy; his
being the candidate recommended by Adrian, a man intimately allied
to the popular party, caused a number, who had no great reliance
either on the Duke or Mr. Ryland, to range on his side.

The contest was keen and doubtful.  Neither Adrian nor myself would
have been so anxious, if our own success had depended on our
exertions; but we had egged our friend on to the enterprise, and it
became us to ensure his triumph.  Idris, who entertained the
highest opinion of his abilities, was warmly interested in the
event: and my poor sister, who dared not hope, and to whom fear was
misery, was plunged into a fever of disquietude.

Day after day passed while we discussed our projects for the
evening, and each night was occupied by debates which offered no
conclusion.  At last the crisis came: the night when parliament,
which had so long delayed its choice, must decide: as the hour of
twelve passed, and the new day began, it was by virtue of the
constitution dissolved, its power extinct.

We assembled at Raymond's house, we and our partisans.  At half
past five o'clock we proceeded to the House.  Idris endeavoured to
calm Perdita; but the poor girl's agitation deprived her of all
power of self-command.  She walked up and down the room,--gazed
wildly when any one entered, fancying that they might be the
announcers of her doom.  I must do justice to my sweet sister: it
was not for herself that she was thus agonized.  She alone knew the
weight which Raymond attached to his success.  Even to us he
assumed gaiety and hope, and assumed them so well, that we did not
divine the secret workings of his mind.  Sometimes a nervous
trembling, a sharp dissonance of voice, and momentary fits of
absence revealed to Perdita the violence he did himself; but we,
intent on our plans, observed only his ready laugh, his joke
intruded on all occasions, the flow of his spirits which seemed
incapable of ebb.  Besides, Perdita was with him in his retirement;
she saw the moodiness that succeeded to this forced hilarity; she
marked his disturbed sleep, his painful irritability--once she had
seen his tears--hers had scarce ceased to flow, since she had
beheld the big drops which disappointed pride had caused to gather
in his eye, but which pride was unable to dispel.  What wonder
then, that her feelings were wrought to this pitch!  I thus
accounted to myself for her agitation; but this was not all, and
the sequel revealed another excuse.

One moment we seized before our departure, to take leave of our
beloved girls.  I had small hope of success, and entreated Idris to
watch over my sister.  As I approached the latter, she seized my
hand, and drew me into another apartment; she threw herself into my
arms, and wept and sobbed bitterly and long.  I tried to soothe
her; I bade her hope; I asked what tremendous consequences would
ensue even on our failure.  "My brother," she cried, "protector of
my childhood, dear, most dear Lionel, my fate hangs by a thread.  I
have you all about me now--you, the companion of my infancy;
Adrian, as dear to me as if bound by the ties of blood; Idris, the
sister of my heart, and her lovely offspring.  This, O this may be
the last time that you will surround me thus!"

Abruptly she stopped, and then cried:  "What have I said?--foolish
false girl that I am!"  She looked wildly on me, and then suddenly
calming herself, apologized for what she called her unmeaning
words, saying that she must indeed be insane, for, while Raymond
lived, she must be happy; and then, though she still wept, she
suffered me tranquilly to depart.  Raymond only took her hand when
he went, and looked on her expressively; she answered by a look of
intelligence and assent.

Poor girl! what she then suffered!  I could never entirely forgive
Raymond for the trials he imposed on her, occasioned as they were
by a selfish feeling on his part.  He had schemed, if he failed in
his present attempt, without taking leave of any of us, to embark
for Greece, and never again to revisit England.  Perdita acceded to
his wishes; for his contentment was the chief object of her life,
the crown of her enjoyment; but to leave us all, her companions,
the beloved partners of her happiest years, and in the interim to
conceal this frightful determination, was a task that almost
conquered her strength of mind.  She had been employed in arranging
for their departure; she had promised Raymond during this decisive
evening, to take advantage of our absence, to go one stage of the
journey, and he, after his defeat was ascertained, would slip away
from us, and join her.

Although, when I was informed of this scheme, I was bitterly
offended by the small attention which Raymond paid to my sister's
feelings, I was led by reflection to consider, that he acted under
the force of such strong excitement, as to take from him the
consciousness, and, consequently, the guilt of a fault.  If he had
permitted us to witness his agitation, he would have been more
under the guidance of reason; but his struggles for the show of
composure, acted with such violence on his nerves, as to destroy
his power of self-command.  I am convinced that, at the worst, he
would have returned from the seashore to take leave of us, and to
make us the partners of his council.  But the task imposed on
Perdita was not the less painful.  He had extorted from her a vow
of secrecy; and her part of the drama, since it was to be performed
alone, was the most agonizing that could be devised.  But to return
to my narrative.

The debates had hitherto been long and loud; they had often been
protracted merely for the sake of delay.  But now each seemed
fearful lest the fatal moment should pass, while the choice was yet
undecided.  Unwonted silence reigned in the house, the members
spoke in whispers, and the ordinary business was transacted with
celerity and quietness.  During the first stage of the election,
the Duke of ---- had been thrown out; the question therefore lay
between Lord Raymond and Mr. Ryland.  The latter had felt secure of
victory, until the appearance of Raymond; and, since his name had
been inserted as a candidate, he had canvassed with eagerness.  He
had appeared each evening, impatience and anger marked in his
looks, scowling on us from the opposite side of St. Stephen's, as
if his mere frown would cast eclipse on our hopes.

Every thing in the English constitution had been regulated for the
better preservation of peace.  On the last day, two candidates only
were allowed to remain; and to obviate, if possible, the last
struggle between these, a bribe was offered to him who should
voluntarily resign his pretensions; a place of great emolument and
honour was given him, and his success facilitated at a future
election.  Strange to say however, no instance had yet occurred,
where either candidate had had recourse to this expedient; in
consequence the law had become obsolete, nor had been referred to
by any of us in our discussions.  To our extreme surprise, when it
was moved that we should resolve ourselves into a committee for the
election of the Lord Protector, the member who had nominated
Ryland, rose and informed us that this candidate had resigned his
pretensions.  His information was at first received with silence; a
confused murmur succeeded; and, when the chairman declared Lord
Raymond duly chosen, it amounted to a shout of applause and
victory.  It seemed as if, far from any dread of defeat even if Mr.
Ryland had not resigned, every voice would have been united in
favour of our candidate.  In fact, now that the idea of contest was
dismissed, all hearts returned to their former respect and
admiration of our accomplished friend.  Each felt, that England had
never seen a Protector so capable of fulfilling the arduous duties
of that high office.  One voice made of many voices, resounded
through the chamber; it syllabled the name of Raymond.

He entered.  I was on one of the highest seats, and saw him walk up
the passage to the table of the speaker.  The native modesty of his
disposition conquered the joy of his triumph.  He looked round
timidly; a mist seemed before his eyes.  Adrian, who was beside me,
hastened to him, and jumping down the benches, was at his side in a
moment.  His appearance re-animated our friend; and, when he came
to speak and act, his hesitation vanished, and he shone out supreme
in majesty and victory.  The former Protector tendered him the
oaths, and presented him with the insignia of office, performing
the ceremonies of installation.  The house then dissolved.  The
chief members of the state crowded round the new magistrate, and
conducted him to the palace of government.  Adrian suddenly
vanished; and, by the time that Raymond's supporters were reduced
to our intimate friends merely, returned leading Idris to
congratulate her friend on his success.

But where was Perdita?  In securing solicitously an unobserved
retreat in case of failure, Raymond had forgotten to arrange the
mode by which she was to hear of his success; and she had been too
much agitated to revert to this circumstance.  When Idris entered,
so far had Raymond forgotten himself, that he asked for my sister;
one word, which told of her mysterious disappearance, recalled him.
Adrian it is true had already gone to seek the fugitive, imagining
that her tameless anxiety had led her to the purlieus of the House,
and that some sinister event detained her.  But Raymond, without
explaining himself, suddenly quitted us, and in another moment we
heard him gallop down the street, in spite of the wind and rain
that scattered tempest over the earth.  We did not know how far he
had to go, and soon separated, supposing that in a short time he
would return to the palace with Perdita, and that they would not be
sorry to find themselves alone.

Perdita had arrived with her child at Dartford, weeping and
inconsolable.  She directed everything to be prepared for the
continuance of their journey, and placing her lovely sleeping
charge on a bed, passed several hours in acute suffering.
Sometimes she observed the war of elements, thinking that they also
declared against her, and listened to the pattering of the rain in
gloomy despair.  Sometimes she hung over her child, tracing her
resemblance to the father, and fearful lest in after life she
should display the same passions and uncontrollable impulses, that
rendered him unhappy.  Again, with a gush of pride and delight, she
marked in the features of her little girl, the same smile of beauty
that often irradiated Raymond's countenance.  The sight of it
soothed her.  She thought of the treasure she possessed in the
affections of her lord; of his accomplishments, surpassing those of
his contemporaries, his genius, his devotion to her.--Soon she
thought, that all she possessed in the world, except him, might
well be spared, nay, given with delight, a propitiatory offering,
to secure the supreme good she retained in him.  Soon she imagined,
that fate demanded this sacrifice from her, as a mark she was
devoted to Raymond, and that it must be made with cheerfulness.
She figured to herself their life in the Greek isle he had selected
for their retreat; her task of soothing him; her cares for the
beauteous Clara, her rides in his company, her dedication of
herself to his consolation.  The picture then presented itself to
her in such glowing colours, that she feared the reverse, and a
life of magnificence and power in London; where Raymond would no
longer be hers only, nor she the sole source of happiness to him.
So far as she merely was concerned, she began to hope for defeat;
and it was only on his account that her feelings vacillated, as she
heard him gallop into the court-yard of the inn.  That he should
come to her alone, wetted by the storm, careless of every thing
except speed, what else could it mean, than that, vanquished and
solitary, they were to take their way from native England, the
scene of shame, and hide themselves in the myrtle groves of the
Grecian isles?

In a moment she was in his arms.  The knowledge of his success had
become so much a part of himself, that he forgot that it was
necessary to impart it to his companion.  She only felt in his
embrace a dear assurance that while he possessed her, he would not
despair.  "This is kind," she cried; "this is noble, my own
beloved!  O fear not disgrace or lowly fortune, while you have your
Perdita; fear not sorrow, while our child lives and smiles.  Let us
go even where you will; the love that accompanies us will prevent
our regrets."

Locked in his embrace, she spoke thus, and cast back her head,
seeking an assent to her words in his eyes--they were sparkling
with ineffable delight.  "Why, my little Lady Protectress," said
he, playfully, "what is this you say?  And what pretty scheme have
you woven of exile and obscurity, while a brighter web, a gold-
enwoven tissue, is that which, in truth, you ought to contemplate?"

He kissed her brow--but the wayward girl, half sorry at his
triumph, agitated by swift change of thought, hid her face in his
bosom and wept.  He comforted her; he instilled into her his own
hopes and desires; and soon her countenance beamed with sympathy.
How very happy were they that night!  How full even to bursting was
their sense of joy!


Having seen our friend properly installed in his new office, we
turned our eyes towards Windsor.  The nearness of this place to
London was such, as to take away the idea of painful separation,
when we quitted Raymond and Perdita.  We took leave of them in the
Protectoral Palace.  It was pretty enough to see my sister enter as
it were into the spirit of the drama, and endeavour to fill her
station with becoming dignity.  Her internal pride and humility of
manner were now more than ever at war.  Her timidity was not
artificial, but arose from that fear of not being properly
appreciated, that slight estimation of the neglect of the world,
which also characterised Raymond.  But then Perdita thought more
constantly of others than he; and part of her bashfulness arose
from a wish to take from those around her a sense of inferiority; a
feeling which never crossed her mind.  From the circumstances of
her birth and education, Idris would have been better fitted for
the formulae of ceremony; but the very ease which accompanied such
actions with her, arising from habit, rendered them tedious; while,
with every drawback, Perdita evidently enjoyed her situation.  She
was too full of new ideas to feel much pain when we departed; she
took an affectionate leave of us, and promised to visit us soon;
but she did not regret the circumstances that caused our
separation.  The spirits of Raymond were unbounded; he did not know
what to do with his new got power; his head was full of plans; he
had as yet decided on none--but he promised himself, his friends,
and the world, that the era of his Protectorship should be
signalized by some act of surpassing glory.

Thus, we talked of them, and moralized, as with diminished numbers
we returned to Windsor Castle.  We felt extreme delight at our
escape from political turmoil, and sought our solitude with
redoubled zest.  We did not want for occupation; but my eager
disposition was now turned to the field of intellectual exertion
only; and hard study I found to be an excellent medicine to allay a
fever of spirit with which in indolence, I should doubtless have
been assailed.  Perdita had permitted us to take Clara back with us
to Windsor; and she and my two lovely infants were perpetual
sources of interest and amusement.

The only circumstance that disturbed our peace, was the health of
Adrian.  It evidently declined, without any symptom which could
lead us to suspect his disease, unless indeed his brightened eyes,
animated look, and flustering cheeks, made us dread consumption;
but he was without pain or fear.  He betook himself to books with
ardour, and reposed from study in the society he best loved, that
of his sister and myself.  Sometimes he went up to London to visit
Raymond, and watch the progress of events.  Clara often accompanied
him in these excursions; partly that she might see her parents,
partly because Adrian delighted in the prattle, and intelligent
looks of this lovely child.

Meanwhile all went on well in London.  The new elections were
finished; parliament met, and Raymond was occupied in a thousand
beneficial schemes.  Canals, aqueducts, bridges, stately buildings,
and various edifices for public utility, were entered upon; he was
continually surrounded by projectors and projects, which were to
render England one scene of fertility and magnificence; the state
of poverty was to be abolished; men were to be transported from
place to place almost with the same facility as the Princes
Houssain, Ali, and Ahmed, in the Arabian Nights.  The physical
state of man would soon not yield to the beatitude of angels;
disease was to be banished; labour lightened of its heaviest
burden.  Nor did this seem extravagant.  The arts of life, and the
discoveries of science had augmented in a ratio which left all
calculation behind; food sprung up, so to say, spontaneously--
machines existed to supply with facility every want of the
population.  An evil direction still survived; and men were not
happy, not because they could not, but because they would not rouse
themselves to vanquish self-raised obstacles.  Raymond was to
inspire them with his beneficial will, and the mechanism of
society, once systematised according to faultless rules, would
never again swerve into disorder.  For these hopes he abandoned his
long-cherished ambition of being enregistered in the annals of
nations as a successful warrior; laying aside his sword, peace and
its enduring glories became his aim--the title he coveted was that
of the benefactor of his country.

Among other works of art in which he was engaged, he had projected
the erection of a national gallery for statues and pictures.  He
possessed many himself, which he designed to present to the
Republic; and, as the edifice was to be the great ornament of his
Protectorship, he was very fastidious in his choice of the plan on
which it would be built.  Hundreds were brought to him and
rejected.  He sent even to Italy and Greece for drawings; but, as
the design was to be characterised by originality as well as by
perfect beauty, his endeavours were for a time without avail.  At
length a drawing came, with an address where communications might
be sent, and no artist's name affixed.  The design was new and
elegant, but faulty; so faulty, that although drawn with the hand
and eye of taste, it was evidently the work of one who was not an
architect.  Raymond contemplated it with delight; the more he
gazed, the more pleased he was; and yet the errors multiplied under
inspection.  He wrote to the address given, desiring to see the
draughtsman, that such alterations might be made, as should be
suggested in a consultation between him and the original conceiver.

A Greek came.  A middle-aged man, with some intelligence of manner,
but with so common-place a physiognomy, that Raymond could scarcely
believe that he was the designer.  He acknowledged that he was not
an architect; but the idea of the building had struck him, though
he had sent it without the smallest hope of its being accepted.  He
was a man of few words.  Raymond questioned him; but his reserved
answers soon made him turn from the man to the drawing.  He pointed
out the errors, and the alterations that he wished to be made; he
offered the Greek a pencil that he might correct the sketch on the
spot; this was refused by his visitor, who said that he perfectly
understood, and would work at it at home.  At length Raymond
suffered him to depart.

The next day he returned.  The design had been re-drawn; but many
defects still remained, and several of the instructions given had
been misunderstood.  "Come," said Raymond, "I yielded to you
yesterday, now comply with my request--take the pencil."

The Greek took it, but he handled it in no artist-like way; at
length he said:  "I must confess to you, my Lord, that I did not
make this drawing.  It is impossible for you to see the real
designer; your instructions must pass through me.  Condescend
therefore to have patience with my ignorance, and to explain your
wishes to me; in time I am certain that you will be satisfied."

Raymond questioned vainly; the mysterious Greek would say no more.
Would an architect be permitted to see the artist?  This also was
refused.  Raymond repeated his instructions, and the visitor
retired.  Our friend resolved however not to be foiled in his wish.
He suspected, that unaccustomed poverty was the cause of the
mystery, and that the artist was unwilling to be seen in the garb
and abode of want.  Raymond was only the more excited by this
consideration to discover him; impelled by the interest he took in
obscure talent, he therefore ordered a person skilled in such
matters, to follow the Greek the next time he came, and observe the
house in which he should enter.  His emissary obeyed, and brought
the desired intelligence.  He had traced the man to one of the most
penurious streets in the metropolis.  Raymond did not wonder, that,
thus situated, the artist had shrunk from notice, but he did not
for this alter his resolve.

On the same evening, he went alone to the house named to him.
Poverty, dirt, and squalid misery characterised its appearance.
Alas! thought Raymond, I have much to do before England becomes a
Paradise.  He knocked; the door was opened by a string from above--
the broken, wretched staircase was immediately before him, but no
person appeared; he knocked again, vainly--and then, impatient of
further delay, he ascended the dark, creaking stairs.  His main
wish, more particularly now that he witnessed the abject dwelling
of the artist, was to relieve one, possessed of talent, but
depressed by want.  He pictured to himself a youth, whose eyes
sparkled with genius, whose person was attenuated by famine.  He
half feared to displease him; but he trusted that his generous
kindness would be administered so delicately, as not to excite
repulse.  What human heart is shut to kindness? and though poverty,
in its excess, might render the sufferer unapt to submit to the
supposed degradation of a benefit, the zeal of the benefactor must
at last relax him into thankfulness.  These thoughts encouraged
Raymond, as he stood at the door of the highest room of the house.
After trying vainly to enter the other apartments, he perceived
just within the threshold of this one, a pair of small Turkish
slippers; the door was ajar, but all was silent within.  It was
probable that the inmate was absent, but secure that he had found
the right person, our adventurous Protector was tempted to enter,
to leave a purse on the table, and silently depart.  In pursuance
of this idea, he pushed open the door gently--but the room was

Raymond had never visited the dwellings of want, and the scene that
now presented itself struck him to the heart.  The floor was sunk
in many places; the walls ragged and bare--the ceiling weather-
stained--a tattered bed stood in the corner; there were but two
chairs in the room, and a rough broken table, on which was a light
in a tin candlestick;--yet in the midst of such drear and heart
sickening poverty, there was an air of order and cleanliness that
surprised him.  The thought was fleeting; for his attention was
instantly drawn towards the inhabitant of this wretched abode.  It
was a female.  She sat at the table; one small hand shaded her eyes
from the candle; the other held a pencil; her looks were fixed on a
drawing before her, which Raymond recognized as the design
presented to him.  Her whole appearance awakened his deepest
interest.  Her dark hair was braided and twined in thick knots like
the head-dress of a Grecian statue; her garb was mean, but her
attitude might have been selected as a model of grace.  Raymond had
a confused remembrance that he had seen such a form before; he
walked across the room; she did not raise her eyes, merely asking
in Romaic, who is there?  "A friend," replied Raymond in the same
dialect.  She looked up wondering, and he saw that it was Evadne
Zaimi.  Evadne, once the idol of Adrian's affections; and who, for
the sake of her present visitor, had disdained the noble youth, and
then, neglected by him she loved, with crushed hopes and a stinging
sense of misery, had returned to her native Greece.  What
revolution of fortune could have brought her to England, and housed
her thus?

Raymond recognized her; and his manner changed from polite
beneficence to the warmest protestations of kindness and sympathy.
The sight of her, in her present situation, passed like an arrow
into his soul.  He sat by her, he took her hand, and said a
thousand things which breathed the deepest spirit of compassion and
affection.  Evadne did not answer; her large dark eyes were cast
down, at length a tear glimmered on the lashes.  "Thus," she cried,
"kindness can do, what no want, no misery ever effected; I weep."
She shed indeed many tears; her head sunk unconsciously on the
shoulder of Raymond; he held her hand: he kissed her sunken tear-
stained cheek.  He told her, that her sufferings were now over: no
one possessed the art of consoling like Raymond; he did not reason
or declaim, but his look shone with sympathy; he brought pleasant
images before the sufferer; his caresses excited no distrust, for
they arose purely from the feeling which leads a mother to kiss her
wounded child; a desire to demonstrate in every possible way the
truth of his feelings, and the keenness of his wish to pour balm
into the lacerated mind of the unfortunate.

As Evadne regained her composure, his manner became even gay; he
sported with the idea of her poverty.  Something told him that it
was not its real evils that lay heavily at her heart, but the
debasement and disgrace attendant on it; as he talked, he divested
it of these; sometimes speaking of her fortitude with energetic
praise; then, alluding to her past state, he called her his
Princess in disguise.  He made her warm offers of service; she was
too much occupied by more engrossing thoughts, either to accept or
reject them; at length he left her, making a promise to repeat his
visit the next day.  He returned home, full of mingled feelings, of
pain excited by Evadne's wretchedness, and pleasure at the prospect
of relieving it.  Some motive for which he did not account, even to
himself, prevented him from relating his adventure to Perdita.

The next day he threw such disguise over his person as a cloak
afforded, and revisited Evadne.  As he went, he bought a basket of
costly fruits, such as were natives of her own country, and
throwing over these various beautiful flowers, bore it himself to
the miserable garret of his friend.  "Behold," cried he, as he
entered, "what bird's food I have brought for my sparrow on the

Evadne now related the tale of her misfortunes.  Her father, though
of high rank, had in the end dissipated his fortune, and even
destroyed his reputation and influence through a course of
dissolute indulgence.  His health was impaired beyond hope of cure;
and it became his earnest wish, before he died, to preserve his
daughter from the poverty which would be the portion of her orphan
state.  He therefore accepted for her, and persuaded her to accede
to, a proposal of marriage, from a wealthy Greek merchant settled
at Constantinople.  She quitted her native Greece; her father died;
by degrees she was cut off from all the companions and ties of her

The war, which about a year before the present time had broken out
between Greece and Turkey, brought about many reverses of fortune.
Her husband became bankrupt, and then in a tumult and threatened
massacre on the part of the Turks, they were obliged to fly at
midnight, and reached in an open boat an English vessel under sail,
which brought them immediately to this island.  The few jewels they
had saved, supported them awhile.  The whole strength of Evadne's
mind was exerted to support the failing spirits of her husband.
Loss of property, hopelessness as to his future prospects, the
inoccupation to which poverty condemned him, combined to reduce him
to a state bordering on insanity.  Five months after their arrival
in England, he committed suicide.

"You will ask me," continued Evadne, "what I have done since; why I
have not applied for succour to the rich Greeks resident here; why
I have not returned to my native country?  My answer to these
questions must needs appear to you unsatisfactory, yet they have
sufficed to lead me on, day after day, enduring every wretchedness,
rather than by such means to seek relief.  Shall the daughter of
the noble, though prodigal Zaimi, appear a beggar before her
compeers or inferiors--superiors she had none.  Shall I bow my head
before them, and with servile gesture sell my nobility for life?
Had I a child, or any tie to bind me to existence, I might descend
to this--but, as it is--the world has been to me a harsh step-
mother; fain would I leave the abode she seems to grudge, and in
the grave forget my pride, my struggles, my despair.  The time will
soon come; grief and famine have already sapped the foundations of
my being; a very short time, and I shall have passed away;
unstained by the crime of self-destruction, unstung by the memory
of degradation, my spirit will throw aside the miserable coil, and
find such recompense as fortitude and resignation may deserve.
This may seem madness to you, yet you also have pride and
resolution; do not then wonder that my pride is tameless, my
resolution unalterable."

Having thus finished her tale, and given such an account as she
deemed fit, of the motives of her abstaining from all endeavour to
obtain aid from her countrymen, Evadne paused; yet she seemed to
have more to say, to which she was unable to give words.  In the
mean time Raymond was eloquent.  His desire of restoring his lovely
friend to her rank in society, and to her lost prosperity, animated
him, and he poured forth with energy, all his wishes and intentions
on that subject.  But he was checked; Evadne exacted a promise,
that he should conceal from all her friends her existence in
England.  "The relatives of the Earl of Windsor," said she
haughtily, "doubtless think that I injured him; perhaps the Earl
himself would be the first to acquit me, but probably I do not
deserve acquittal.  I acted then, as I ever must, from impulse.
This abode of penury may at least prove the disinterestedness of my
conduct.  No matter: I do not wish to plead my cause before any of
them, not even before your Lordship, had you not first discovered
me.  The tenor of my actions will prove that I had rather die, than
be a mark for scorn--behold the proud Evadne in her tatters! look
on the beggar-princess!  There is aspic venom in the thought--
promise me that my secret shall not be violated by you."

Raymond promised; but then a new discussion ensued.  Evadne
required another engagement on his part, that he would not without
her concurrence enter into any project for her benefit, nor himself
offer relief.  "Do not degrade me in my own eyes," she said;
"poverty has long been my nurse; hard-visaged she is, but honest.
If dishonour, or what I conceive to be dishonour, come near me, I
am lost."  Raymond adduced many arguments and fervent persuasions
to overcome her feeling, but she remained unconvinced; and,
agitated by the discussion, she wildly and passionately made a
solemn vow, to fly and hide herself where he never could discover
her, where famine would soon bring death to conclude her woes, if
he persisted in his to her disgracing offers.  She could support
herself, she said.  And then she showed him how, by executing
various designs and paintings, she earned a pittance for her
support.  Raymond yielded for the present.  He felt assured, after
he had for awhile humoured her self-will, that in the end
friendship and reason would gain the day.

But the feelings that actuated Evadne were rooted in the depths of
her being, and were such in their growth as he had no means of
understanding.  Evadne loved Raymond.  He was the hero of her
imagination, the image carved by love in the unchanged texture of
her heart.  Seven years ago, in her youthful prime, she had become
attached to him; he had served her country against the Turks; he
had in her own land acquired that military glory peculiarly dear to
the Greeks, since they were still obliged inch by inch to fight for
their security.  Yet when he returned thence, and first appeared in
public life in England, her love did not purchase his, which then
vacillated between Perdita and a crown.  While he was yet
undecided, she had quitted England; the news of his marriage
reached her, and her hopes, poorly nurtured blossoms, withered and
fell.  The glory of life was gone for her; the roseate halo of
love, which had imbued every object with its own colour, faded;--
she was content to take life as it was, and to make the best of
leaden-coloured reality.  She married; and, carrying her restless
energy of character with her into new scenes, she turned her
thoughts to ambition, and aimed at the title and power of Princess
of Wallachia; while her patriotic feelings were soothed by the idea
of the good she might do her country, when her husband should be
chief of this principality.  She lived to find ambition, as unreal
a delusion as love.  Her intrigues with Russia for the furtherance
of her object, excited the jealousy of the Porte, and the animosity
of the Greek government.  She was considered a traitor by both, the
ruin of her husband followed; they avoided death by a timely
flight, and she fell from the height of her desires to penury in
England.  Much of this tale she concealed from Raymond; nor did she
confess, that repulse and denial, as to a criminal convicted of the
worst of crimes, that of bringing the scythe of foreign despotism
to cut away the new springing liberties of her country, would have
followed her application to any among the Greeks.

She knew that she was the cause of her husband's utter ruin; and
she strung herself to bear the consequences.  The reproaches which
agony extorted; or worse, cureless, uncomplaining depression, when
his mind was sunk in a torpor, not the less painful because it was
silent and moveless.  She reproached herself with the crime of his
death; guilt and its punishments appeared to surround her; in vain
she endeavoured to allay remorse by the memory of her real
integrity; the rest of the world, and she among them, judged of her
actions, by their consequences.  She prayed for her husband's soul;
she conjured the Supreme to place on her head the crime of his self-
destruction--she vowed to live to expiate his fault.

In the midst of such wretchedness as must soon have destroyed her,
one thought only was matter of consolation.  She lived in the same
country, breathed the same air as Raymond.  His name as Protector
was the burthen of every tongue; his achievements, projects, and
magnificence, the argument of every story.  Nothing is so precious
to a woman's heart as the glory and excellence of him she loves;
thus in every horror Evadne revelled in his fame and prosperity.
While her husband lived, this feeling was regarded by her as a
crime, repressed, repented of.  When he died, the tide of love
resumed its ancient flow, it deluged her soul with its tumultuous
waves, and she gave herself up a prey to its uncontrollable power.

But never, O, never, should he see her in her degraded state.
Never should he behold her fallen, as she deemed, from her pride of
beauty, the poverty-stricken inhabitant of a garret, with a name
which had become a reproach, and a weight of guilt on her soul.
But though impenetrably veiled from him, his public office
permitted her to become acquainted with all his actions, his daily
course of life, even his conversation.  She allowed herself one
luxury, she saw the newspapers every day, and feasted on the praise
and actions of the Protector.  Not that this indulgence was devoid
of accompanying grief.  Perdita's name was for ever joined with
his; their conjugal felicity was celebrated even by the authentic
testimony of facts.  They were continually together, nor could the
unfortunate Evadne read the monosyllable that designated his name,
without, at the same time, being presented with the image of her
who was the faithful companion of all his labours and pleasures.
THEY, THEIR EXCELLENCIES, met her eyes in each line, mingling an
evil potion that poisoned her very blood.

It was in the newspaper that she saw the advertisement for the
design for a national gallery.  Combining with taste her
remembrance of the edifices which she had seen in the east, and by
an effort of genius enduing them with unity of design, she executed
the plan which had been sent to the Protector.  She triumphed in
the idea of bestowing, unknown and forgotten as she was, a benefit
upon him she loved; and with enthusiastic pride looked forward to
the accomplishment of a work of hers, which, immortalized in stone,
would go down to posterity stamped with the name of Raymond.  She
awaited with eagerness the return of her messenger from the palace;
she listened insatiate to his account of each word, each look of
the Protector; she felt bliss in this communication with her
beloved, although he knew not to whom he addressed his instructions.
The drawing itself became ineffably dear to her.  He had seen it,
and praised it; it was again retouched by her, each stroke of her
pencil was as a chord of thrilling music, and bore to her the idea
of a temple raised to celebrate the deepest and most unutterable
emotions of her soul.  These contemplations engaged her, when the
voice of Raymond first struck her ear, a voice, once heard, never to
be forgotten; she mastered her gush of feelings, and welcomed him
with quiet gentleness.

Pride and tenderness now struggled, and at length made a compromise
together.  She would see Raymond, since destiny had led him to her,
and her constancy and devotion must merit his friendship.  But her
rights with regard to him, and her cherished independence, should
not be injured by the idea of interest, or the intervention of the
complicated feelings attendant on pecuniary obligation, and the
relative situations of the benefactor, and benefited.  Her mind was
of uncommon strength; she could subdue her sensible wants to her
mental wishes, and suffer cold, hunger and misery, rather than
concede to fortune a contested point.  Alas! that in human nature
such a pitch of mental discipline, and disdainful negligence of
nature itself, should not have been allied to the extreme of moral
excellence!  But the resolution that permitted her to resist the
pains of privation, sprung from the too great energy of her
passions; and the concentrated self-will of which this was a sign,
was destined to destroy even the very idol, to preserve whose
respect she submitted to this detail of wretchedness.

Their intercourse continued.  By degrees Evadne related to her
friend the whole of her story, the stain her name had received in
Greece, the weight of sin which had accrued to her from the death
of her husband.  When Raymond offered to clear her reputation, and
demonstrate to the world her real patriotism, she declared that it
was only through her present sufferings that she hoped for any
relief to the stings of conscience; that, in her state of mind,
diseased as he might think it, the necessity of occupation was
salutary medicine; she ended by extorting a promise that for the
space of one month he would refrain from the discussion of her
interests, engaging after that time to yield in part to his wishes.
She could not disguise to herself that any change would separate
her from him; now she saw him each day.  His connection with Adrian
and Perdita was never mentioned; he was to her a meteor, a
companionless star, which at its appointed hour rose in her
hemisphere, whose appearance brought felicity, and which, although
it set, was never eclipsed.  He came each day to her abode of
penury, and his presence transformed it to a temple redolent with
sweets, radiant with heaven's own light; he partook of her
delirium.  "They built a wall between them and the world"--Without,
a thousand harpies raved, remorse and misery, expecting the
destined moment for their invasion.  Within, was the peace as of
innocence, reckless blindness, deluding joy, hope, whose still
anchor rested on placid but unconstant water.

Thus, while Raymond had been wrapt in visions of power and fame,
while he looked forward to entire dominion over the elements and
the mind of man, the territory of his own heart escaped his notice;
and from that unthought of source arose the mighty torrent that
overwhelmed his will, and carried to the oblivious sea, fame, hope,
and happiness.


In the mean time what did Perdita?

During the first months of his Protectorate, Raymond and she had
been inseparable; each project was discussed with her, each plan
approved by her.  I never beheld any one so perfectly happy as my
sweet sister.  Her expressive eyes were two stars whose beams were
love; hope and light-heartedness sat on her cloudless brow.  She
fed even to tears of joy on the praise and glory of her Lord; her
whole existence was one sacrifice to him, and if in the humility of
her heart she felt self-complacency, it arose from the reflection
that she had won the distinguished hero of the age, and had for
years preserved him, even after time had taken from love its usual
nourishment.  Her own feeling was as entire as at its birth.  Five
years had failed to destroy the dazzling unreality of passion.
Most men ruthlessly destroy the sacred veil, with which the female
heart is wont to adorn the idol of its affections.  Not so Raymond;
he was an enchanter, whose reign was for ever undiminished; a king
whose power never was suspended: follow him through the details of
common life, still the same charm of grace and majesty adorned him;
nor could he be despoiled of the innate deification with which
nature had invested him.  Perdita grew in beauty and excellence
under his eye; I no longer recognised my reserved abstracted sister
in the fascinating and open-hearted wife of Raymond.  The genius
that enlightened her countenance, was now united to an expression
of benevolence, which gave divine perfection to her beauty.

Happiness is in its highest degree the sister of goodness.
Suffering and amiability may exist together, and writers have loved
to depict their conjunction; there is a human and touching harmony
in the picture.  But perfect happiness is an attribute of angels;
and those who possess it, appear angelic.  Fear has been said to be
the parent of religion: even of that religion is it the generator,
which leads its votaries to sacrifice human victims at its altars;
but the religion which springs from happiness is a lovelier growth;
the religion which makes the heart breathe forth fervent
thanksgiving, and causes us to pour out the overflowings of the
soul before the author of our being; that which is the parent of
the imagination and the nurse of poetry; that which bestows
benevolent intelligence on the visible mechanism of the world, and
makes earth a temple with heaven for its cope.  Such happiness,
goodness, and religion inhabited the mind of Perdita.

During the five years we had spent together, a knot of happy human
beings at Windsor Castle, her blissful lot had been the frequent
theme of my sister's conversation.  From early habit, and natural
affection, she selected me in preference to Adrian or Idris, to be
the partner in her overflowings of delight; perhaps, though
apparently much unlike, some secret point of resemblance, the
offspring of consanguinity, induced this preference.  Often at
sunset, I have walked with her, in the sober, enshadowed forest
paths, and listened with joyful sympathy.  Security gave dignity to
her passion; the certainty of a full return, left her with no wish
unfulfilled.  The birth of her daughter, embryo copy of her
Raymond, filled up the measure of her content, and produced a
sacred and indissoluble tie between them.  Sometimes she felt proud
that he had preferred her to the hopes of a crown.  Sometimes she
remembered that she had suffered keen anguish, when he hesitated in
his choice.  But this memory of past discontent only served to
enhance her present joy.  What had been hardly won, was now,
entirely possessed, doubly dear.  She would look at him at a
distance with the same rapture, (O, far more exuberant rapture!)
that one might feel, who after the perils of a tempest, should find
himself in the desired port; she would hasten towards him, to feel
more certain in his arms, the reality of her bliss.  This warmth of
affection, added to the depth of her understanding, and the
brilliancy of her imagination, made her beyond words dear to

If a feeling of dissatisfaction ever crossed her, it arose from the
idea that he was not perfectly happy.  Desire of renown, and
presumptuous ambition, had characterised his youth.  The one he had
acquired in Greece; the other he had sacrificed to love.  His
intellect found sufficient field for exercise in his domestic
circle, whose members, all adorned by refinement and literature,
were many of them, like himself, distinguished by genius.  Yet
active life was the genuine soil for his virtues; and he sometimes
suffered tedium from the monotonous succession of events in our
retirement.  Pride made him recoil from complaint; and gratitude
and affection to Perdita, generally acted as an opiate to all
desire, save that of meriting her love.  We all observed the
visitation of these feelings, and none regretted them so much as
Perdita.  Her life consecrated to him, was a slight sacrifice to
reward his choice, but was not that sufficient--Did he need any
gratification that she was unable to bestow?  This was the only
cloud in the azure of her happiness.

His passage to power had been full of pain to both.  He however
attained his wish; he filled the situation for which nature seemed
to have moulded him.  His activity was fed in wholesome measure,
without either exhaustion or satiety; his taste and genius found
worthy expression in each of the modes human beings have invented
to encage and manifest the spirit of beauty; the goodness of his
heart made him never weary of conducing to the well-being of his
fellow-creatures; his magnificent spirit, and aspirations for the
respect and love of mankind, now received fruition; true, his
exaltation was temporary; perhaps it were better that it should be
so.  Habit would not dull his sense of the enjoyment of power; nor
struggles, disappointment and defeat await the end of that which
would expire at its maturity.  He determined to extract and
condense all of glory, power, and achievement, which might have
resulted from a long reign, into the three years of his

Raymond was eminently social.  All that he now enjoyed would have
been devoid of pleasure to him, had it been unparticipated.  But in
Perdita he possessed all that his heart could desire.  Her love
gave birth to sympathy; her intelligence made her understand him at
a word; her powers of intellect enabled her to assist and guide
him.  He felt her worth.  During the early years of their union,
the inequality of her temper, and yet unsubdued self-will which
tarnished her character, had been a slight drawback to the fullness
of his sentiment.  Now that unchanged serenity, and gentle
compliance were added to her other qualifications, his respect
equalled his love.  Years added to the strictness of their union.
They did not now guess at, and totter on the pathway, divining the
mode to please, hoping, yet fearing the continuance of bliss.  Five
years gave a sober certainty to their emotions, though it did not
rob them of their ethereal nature.  It had given them a child; but
it had not detracted from the personal attractions of my sister.
Timidity, which in her had almost amounted to awkwardness, was
exchanged for a graceful decision of manner; frankness, instead of
reserve, characterised her physiognomy; and her voice was attuned
to thrilling softness.  She was now three and twenty, in the pride
of womanhood, fulfilling the precious duties of wife and mother,
possessed of all her heart had ever coveted.  Raymond was ten years
older; to his previous beauty, noble mien, and commanding aspect,
he now added gentlest benevolence, winning tenderness, graceful and
unwearied attention to the wishes of another.

The first secret that had existed between them was the visits of
Raymond to Evadne.  He had been struck by the fortitude and beauty
of the ill-fated Greek; and, when her constant tenderness towards
him unfolded itself, he asked with astonishment, by what act of his
he had merited this passionate and unrequited love.  She was for a
while the sole object of his reveries; and Perdita became aware
that his thoughts and time were bestowed on a subject unparticipated
by her.  My sister was by nature destitute of the common feelings of
anxious, petulant jealousy.  The treasure which she possessed in the
affections of Raymond, was more necessary to her being, than the
life-blood that animated her veins--more truly than Othello she
might say,

       To be once in doubt,
     Is--once to be resolved.

On the present occasion she did not suspect any alienation of
affection; but she conjectured that some circumstance connected
with his high place, had occasioned this mystery.  She was startled
and pained.  She began to count the long days, and months, and
years which must elapse, before he would be restored to a private
station, and unreservedly to her.  She was not content that, even
for a time, he should practice concealment with her.  She often
repined; but her trust in the singleness of his affection was
undisturbed; and, when they were together, unchecked by fear, she
opened her heart to the fullest delight.

Time went on.  Raymond, stopping mid-way in his wild career, paused
suddenly to think of consequences.  Two results presented
themselves in the view he took of the future.  That his intercourse
with Evadne should continue a secret to, or that finally it should
be discovered by Perdita.  The destitute condition, and highly
wrought feelings of his friend prevented him from adverting to the
possibility of exiling himself from her.  In the first event he had
bidden an eternal farewell to open-hearted converse, and entire
sympathy with the companion of his life.  The veil must be thicker
than that invented by Turkish jealousy; the wall higher than the
unscaleable tower of Vathek, which should conceal from her the
workings of his heart, and hide from her view the secret of his
actions.  This idea was intolerably painful to him.  Frankness and
social feelings were the essence of Raymond's nature; without them
his qualities became common-place; without these to spread glory
over his intercourse with Perdita, his vaunted exchange of a throne
for her love, was as weak and empty as the rainbow hues which
vanish when the sun is down.  But there was no remedy.  Genius,
devotion, and courage; the adornments of his mind, and the energies
of his soul, all exerted to their uttermost stretch, could not roll
back one hair's breadth the wheel of time's chariot; that which had
been was written with the adamantine pen of reality, on the
everlasting volume of the past; nor could agony and tears suffice
to wash out one iota from the act fulfilled.

But this was the best side of the question.  What, if circumstance
should lead Perdita to suspect, and suspecting to be resolved?  The
fibres of his frame became relaxed, and cold dew stood on his
forehead, at this idea.  Many men may scoff at his dread; but he
read the future; and the peace of Perdita was too dear to him, her
speechless agony too certain, and too fearful, not to unman him.
His course was speedily decided upon.  If the worst befell; if she
learnt the truth, he would neither stand her reproaches, or the
anguish of her altered looks.  He would forsake her, England, his
friends, the scenes of his youth, the hopes of coming time, he
would seek another country, and in other scenes begin life again.
Having resolved on this, he became calmer.  He endeavoured to guide
with prudence the steeds of destiny through the devious road which
he had chosen, and bent all his efforts the better to conceal what
he could not alter.

The perfect confidence that subsisted between Perdita and him,
rendered every communication common between them.  They opened each
other's letters, even as, until now, the inmost fold of the heart
of each was disclosed to the other.  A letter came unawares,
Perdita read it.  Had it contained confirmation, she must have been
annihilated.  As it was, trembling, cold, and pale, she sought
Raymond.  He was alone, examining some petitions lately presented.
She entered silently, sat on a sofa opposite to him, and gazed on
him with a look of such despair, that wildest shrieks and dire
moans would have been tame exhibitions of misery, compared to the
living incarnation of the thing itself exhibited by her.

At first he did not take his eyes from the papers; when he raised
them, he was struck by the wretchedness manifest on her altered
cheek; for a moment he forgot his own acts and fears, and asked
with consternation--"Dearest girl, what is the matter; what has

"Nothing," she replied at first; "and yet not so," she continued,
hurrying on in her speech; "you have secrets, Raymond; where have
you been lately, whom have you seen, what do you conceal from me?--
why am I banished from your confidence?  Yet this is not it--I do
not intend to entrap you with questions--one will suffice--am I
completely a wretch?"

With trembling hand she gave him the paper, and sat white and
motionless looking at him while he read it.  He recognised the hand-
writing of Evadne, and the colour mounted in his cheeks.  With
lightning-speed he conceived the contents of the letter; all was
now cast on one die; falsehood and artifice were trifles in
comparison with the impending ruin.  He would either entirely
dispel Perdita's suspicions, or quit her for ever.  "My dear girl,"
he said, "I have been to blame; but you must pardon me.  I was in
the wrong to commence a system of concealment; but I did it for the
sake of sparing you pain; and each day has rendered it more
difficult for me to alter my plan.  Besides, I was instigated by
delicacy towards the unhappy writer of these few lines."

Perdita gasped:  "Well," she cried, "well, go on!"

"That is all--this paper tells all.  I am placed in the most
difficult circumstances.  I have done my best, though perhaps I
have done wrong.  My love for you is inviolate."

Perdita shook her head doubtingly:  "It cannot be," she cried, "I
know that it is not.  You would deceive me, but I will not be
deceived.  I have lost you, myself, my life!"

"Do you not believe me?" said Raymond haughtily.

"To believe you," she exclaimed, "I would give up all, and expire
with joy, so that in death I could feel that you were true--but
that cannot be!"

"Perdita," continued Raymond, "you do not see the precipice on
which you stand.  You may believe that I did not enter on my
present line of conduct without reluctance and pain.  I knew that
it was possible that your suspicions might be excited; but I
trusted that my simple word would cause them to disappear.  I
built my hope on your confidence.  Do you think that I will be
questioned, and my replies disdainfully set aside?  Do you think
that I will be suspected, perhaps watched, cross-questioned, and
disbelieved?  I am not yet fallen so low; my honour is not yet so
tarnished.  You have loved me; I adored you.  But all human
sentiments come to an end.  Let our affection expire--but let it
not be exchanged for distrust and recrimination.  Heretofore we
have been friends--lovers--let us not become enemies, mutual spies.
I cannot live the object of suspicion--you cannot believe me--let
us part!"

"Exactly so," cried Perdita, "I knew that it would come to this!
Are we not already parted?  Does not a stream, boundless as ocean,
deep as vacuum, yawn between us?"

Raymond rose, his voice was broken, his features convulsed, his
manner calm as the earthquake-cradling atmosphere, he replied:  "I
am rejoiced that you take my decision so philosophically.
Doubtless you will play the part of the injured wife to admiration.
Sometimes you may be stung with the feeling that you have wronged
me, but the condolence of your relatives, the pity of the world,
the complacency which the consciousness of your own immaculate
innocence will bestow, will be excellent balm;--me you will never
see more!"

Raymond moved towards the door.  He forgot that each word he spoke
was false.  He personated his assumption of innocence even to self-
deception.  Have not actors wept, as they portrayed imagined
passion?  A more intense feeling of the reality of fiction
possessed Raymond.  He spoke with pride; he felt injured.  Perdita
looked up; she saw his angry glance; his hand was on the lock of
the door.  She started up, she threw herself on his neck, she
gasped and sobbed; he took her hand, and leading her to the sofa,
sat down near her.  Her head fell on his shoulder, she trembled,
alternate changes of fire and ice ran through her limbs: observing
her emotion he spoke with softened accents:

"The blow is given.  I will not part from you in anger;--I owe you
too much.  I owe you six years of unalloyed happiness.  But they
are passed.  I will not live the mark of suspicion, the object of
jealousy.  I love you too well.  In an eternal separation only can
either of us hope for dignity and propriety of action.  We shall
not then be degraded from our true characters.  Faith and devotion
have hitherto been the essence of our intercourse;--these lost, let
us not cling to the seedless husk of life, the unkernelled shell.
You have your child, your brother, Idris, Adrian"--

"And you," cried Perdita, "the writer of that letter."

Uncontrollable indignation flashed from the eyes of Raymond.  He
knew that this accusation at least was false.  "Entertain this
belief," he cried, "hug it to your heart--make it a pillow to your
head, an opiate for your eyes--I am content.  But, by the God that
made me, hell is not more false than the word you have spoken!"

Perdita was struck by the impassioned seriousness of his
asseverations.  She replied with earnestness, "I do not refuse to
believe you, Raymond; on the contrary I promise to put implicit
faith in your simple word.  Only assure me that your love and faith
towards me have never been violated; and suspicion, and doubt, and
jealousy will at once be dispersed.  We shall continue as we have
ever done, one heart, one hope, one life."

"I have already assured you of my fidelity," said Raymond with
disdainful coldness, "triple assertions will avail nothing where
one is despised.  I will say no more; for I can add nothing to what
I have already said, to what you before contemptuously set aside.
This contention is unworthy of both of us; and I confess that I am
weary of replying to charges at once unfounded and unkind."

Perdita tried to read his countenance, which he angrily averted.
There was so much of truth and nature in his resentment, that her
doubts were dispelled.  Her countenance, which for years had not
expressed a feeling unallied to affection, became again radiant and
satisfied.  She found it however no easy task to soften and
reconcile Raymond.  At first he refused to stay to hear her.  But
she would not be put off; secure of his unaltered love, she was
willing to undertake any labour, use any entreaty, to dispel his
anger.  She obtained an hearing, he sat in haughty silence, but he
listened.  She first assured him of her boundless confidence; of
this he must be conscious, since but for that she would not seek to
detain him.  She enumerated their years of happiness; she brought
before him past scenes of intimacy and happiness; she pictured
their future life, she mentioned their child--tears unbidden now
filled her eyes.  She tried to disperse them, but they refused to
be checked--her utterance was choked.  She had not wept before.
Raymond could not resist these signs of distress: he felt perhaps
somewhat ashamed of the part he acted of the injured man, he who
was in truth the injurer.  And then he devoutly loved Perdita; the
bend of her head, her glossy ringlets, the turn of her form were to
him subjects of deep tenderness and admiration; as she spoke, her
melodious tones entered his soul; he soon softened towards her,
comforting and caressing her, and endeavouring to cheat himself
into the belief that he had never wronged her.

Raymond staggered forth from this scene, as a man might do, who had
been just put to the torture, and looked forward to when it would
be again inflicted.  He had sinned against his own honour, by
affirming, swearing to, a direct falsehood; true this he had palmed
on a woman, and it might therefore be deemed less base--by others--
not by him;--for whom had he deceived?--his own trusting, devoted,
affectionate Perdita, whose generous belief galled him doubly, when
he remembered the parade of innocence with which it had been
exacted.  The mind of Raymond was not so rough cast, nor had been
so rudely handled, in the circumstance of life, as to make him
proof to these considerations--on the contrary, he was all nerve;
his spirit was as a pure fire, which fades and shrinks from every
contagion of foul atmosphere: but now the contagion had become
incorporated with its essence, and the change was the more painful.
Truth and falsehood, love and hate lost their eternal boundaries,
heaven rushed in to mingle with hell; while his sensitive mind,
turned to a field for such battle, was stung to madness.  He
heartily despised himself, he was angry with Perdita, and the idea
of Evadne was attended by all that was hideous and cruel.  His
passions, always his masters, acquired fresh strength, from the
long sleep in which love had cradled them, the clinging weight of
destiny bent him down; he was goaded, tortured, fiercely impatient
of that worst of miseries, the sense of remorse.  This troubled
state yielded by degrees, to sullen animosity, and depression of
spirits.  His dependants, even his equals, if in his present post
he had any, were startled to find anger, derision, and bitterness
in one, before distinguished for suavity and benevolence of manner.
He transacted public business with distaste, and hastened from it
to the solitude which was at once his bane and relief.  He mounted
a fiery horse, that which had borne him forward to victory in
Greece; he fatigued himself with deadening exercise, losing the
pangs of a troubled mind in animal sensation.

He slowly recovered himself; yet, at last, as one might from the
effects of poison, he lifted his head from above the vapours of
fever and passion into the still atmosphere of calm reflection.  He
meditated on what was best to be done.  He was first struck by the
space of time that had elapsed, since madness, rather than any
reasonable impulse, had regulated his actions.  A month had gone
by, and during that time he had not seen Evadne.  Her power, which
was linked to few of the enduring emotions of his heart, had
greatly decayed.  He was no longer her slave--no longer her lover:
he would never see her more, and by the completeness of his return,
deserve the confidence of Perdita.

Yet, as he thus determined, fancy conjured up the miserable abode
of the Greek girl.  An abode, which from noble and lofty principle,
she had refused to exchange for one of greater luxury.  He thought
of the splendour of her situation and appearance when he first knew
her; he thought of her life at Constantinople, attended by every
circumstance of oriental magnificence; of her present penury, her
daily task of industry, her lorn state, her faded, famine-struck
cheek.  Compassion swelled his breast; he would see her once again;
he would devise some plan for restoring her to society, and the
enjoyment of her rank; their separation would then follow, as a
matter of course.

Again he thought, how during this long month, he had avoided
Perdita, flying from her as from the stings of his own conscience.
But he was awake now; all this should be remedied; and future
devotion erase the memory of this only blot on the serenity of
their life.  He became cheerful, as he thought of this, and soberly
and resolutely marked out the line of conduct he would adopt.  He
remembered that he had promised Perdita to be present this very
evening (the 19th of October, anniversary of his election as
Protector) at a festival given in his honour.  Good augury should
this festival be of the happiness of future years.  First, he would
look in on Evadne; he would not stay; but he owed her some account,
some compensation for his long and unannounced absence; and then to
Perdita, to the forgotten world, to the duties of society, the
splendour of rank, the enjoyment of power.

After the scene sketched in the preceding pages, Perdita had
contemplated an entire change in the manners and conduct of
Raymond.  She expected freedom of communication, and a return to
those habits of affectionate intercourse which had formed the
delight of her life.  But Raymond did not join her in any of her
avocations.  He transacted the business of the day apart from her;
he went out, she knew not whither.  The pain inflicted by this
disappointment was tormenting and keen.  She looked on it as a
deceitful dream, and tried to throw off the consciousness of it;
but like the shirt of Nessus, it clung to her very flesh, and ate
with sharp agony into her vital principle.  She possessed that
(though such an assertion may appear a paradox) which belongs to
few, a capacity of happiness.  Her delicate organization and
creative imagination rendered her peculiarly susceptible of
pleasurable emotion.  The overflowing warmth of her heart, by
making love a plant of deep root and stately growth, had attuned
her whole soul to the reception of happiness, when she found in
Raymond all that could adorn love and satisfy her imagination.  But
if the sentiment on which the fabric of her existence was founded,
became common place through participation, the endless succession
of attentions and graceful action snapped by transfer, his universe
of love wrested from her, happiness must depart, and then be
exchanged for its opposite.  The same peculiarities of character
rendered her sorrows agonies; her fancy magnified them, her
sensibility made her for ever open to their renewed impression;
love envenomed the heart-piercing sting.  There was neither
submission, patience, nor self-abandonment in her grief; she fought
with it, struggled beneath it, and rendered every pang more sharp
by resistance.  Again and again the idea recurred, that he loved
another.  She did him justice; she believed that he felt a tender
affection for her; but give a paltry prize to him who in some life-
pending lottery has calculated on the possession of tens of
thousands, and it will disappoint him more than a blank.  The
affection and amity of a Raymond might be inestimable; but, beyond
that affection, embosomed deeper than friendship, was the
indivisible treasure of love.  Take the sum in its completeness,
and no arithmetic can calculate its price; take from it the
smallest portion, give it but the name of parts, separate it into
degrees and sections, and like the magician's coin, the valueless
gold of the mine, is turned to vilest substance.  There is a
meaning in the eye of love; a cadence in its voice, an irradiation
in its smile, the talisman of whose enchantments one only can
possess; its spirit is elemental, its essence single, its divinity
an unit.  The very heart and soul of Raymond and Perdita had
mingled, even as two mountain brooks that join in their descent,
and murmuring and sparkling flow over shining pebbles, beside
starry flowers; but let one desert its primal course, or be dammed
up by choking obstruction, and the other shrinks in its altered
banks.  Perdita was sensible of the failing of the tide that fed
her life.  Unable to support the slow withering of her hopes, she
suddenly formed a plan, resolving to terminate at once the period
of misery, and to bring to an happy conclusion the late disastrous

The anniversary was at hand of the exaltation of Raymond to the
office of Protector; and it was customary to celebrate this day by
a splendid festival.  A variety of feelings urged Perdita to shed
double magnificence over the scene; yet, as she arrayed herself for
the evening gala, she wondered herself at the pains she took, to
render sumptuous the celebration of an event which appeared to her
the beginning of her sufferings.  Woe befall the day, she thought,
woe, tears, and mourning betide the hour, that gave Raymond another
hope than love, another wish than my devotion; and thrice joyful
the moment when he shall be restored to me!  God knows, I put my
trust in his vows, and believe his asserted faith--but for that, I
would not seek what I am now resolved to attain.  Shall two years
more be thus passed, each day adding to our alienation, each act
being another stone piled on the barrier which separates us?  No,
my Raymond, my only beloved, sole possession of Perdita!  This
night, this splendid assembly, these sumptuous apartments, and this
adornment of your tearful girl, are all united to celebrate your
abdication.  Once for me, you relinquished the prospect of a crown.
That was in days of early love, when I could only hold out the
hope, not the assurance of happiness.  Now you have the experience
of all that I can give, the heart's devotion, taintless love, and
unhesitating subjection to you.  You must choose between these and
your protectorate.  This, proud noble, is your last night!  Perdita
has bestowed on it all of magnificent and dazzling that your heart
best loves--but, from these gorgeous rooms, from this princely
attendance, from power and elevation, you must return with to-
morrow's sun to our rural abode; for I would not buy an immortality
of joy, by the endurance of one more week sister to the last.

Brooding over this plan, resolved when the hour should come, to
propose, and insist upon its accomplishment, secure of his consent,
the heart of Perdita was lightened, or rather exalted.  Her cheek
was flushed by the expectation of struggle; her eyes sparkled with
the hope of triumph.  Having cast her fate upon a die, and feeling
secure of winning, she, whom I have named as bearing the stamp of
queen of nations on her noble brow, now rose superior to humanity,
and seemed in calm power, to arrest with her finger, the wheel of
destiny.  She had never before looked so supremely lovely.

We, the Arcadian shepherds of the tale, had intended to be present
at this festivity, but Perdita wrote to entreat us not to come, or
to absent ourselves from Windsor; for she (though she did not
reveal her scheme to us) resolved the next morning to return with
Raymond to our dear circle, there to renew a course of life in
which she had found entire felicity.  Late in the evening she
entered the apartments appropriated to the festival.  Raymond had
quitted the palace the night before; he had promised to grace the
assembly, but he had not yet returned.  Still she felt sure that he
would come at last; and the wider the breach might appear at this
crisis, the more secure she was of closing it for ever.

It was as I said, the nineteenth of October; the autumn was far
advanced and dreary.  The wind howled; the half bare trees were
despoiled of the remainder of their summer ornament; the state of
the air which induced the decay of vegetation, was hostile to
cheerfulness or hope.  Raymond had been exalted by the determination
he had made; but with the declining day his spirits declined.  First
he was to visit Evadne, and then to hasten to the palace of the
Protectorate.  As he walked through the wretched streets in the
neighbourhood of the luckless Greek's abode, his heart smote him for
the whole course of his conduct towards her.  First, his having
entered into any engagement that should permit her to remain in such
a state of degradation; and then, after a short wild dream, having
left her to drear solitude, anxious conjecture, and bitter, still--
disappointed expectation.  What had she done the while, how
supported his absence and neglect?  Light grew dim in these close
streets, and when the well known door was opened, the staircase was
shrouded in perfect night.  He groped his way up, he entered the
garret, he found Evadne stretched speechless, almost lifeless on her
wretched bed.  He called for the people of the house, but could
learn nothing from them, except that they knew nothing.  Her story
was plain to him, plain and distinct as the remorse and horror that
darted their fangs into him.  When she found herself forsaken by
him, she lost the heart to pursue her usual avocations; pride
forbade every application to him; famine was welcomed as the kind
porter to the gates of death, within whose opening folds she should
now, without sin, quickly repose.  No creature came near her, as her
strength failed.

If she died, where could there be found on record a murderer, whose
cruel act might compare with his?  What fiend more wanton in his
mischief, what damned soul more worthy of perdition!  But he was
not reserved for this agony of self-reproach.  He sent for medical
assistance; the hours passed, spun by suspense into ages; the
darkness of the long autumnal night yielded to day, before her life
was secure.  He had her then removed to a more commodious dwelling,
and hovered about her, again and again to assure himself that she
was safe.

In the midst of his greatest suspense and fear as to the event, he
remembered the festival given in his honour, by Perdita; in his
honour then, when misery and death were affixing indelible disgrace
to his name, honour to him whose crimes deserved a scaffold; this
was the worst mockery.  Still Perdita would expect him; he wrote a
few incoherent words on a scrap of paper, testifying that he was
well, and bade the woman of the house take it to the palace, and
deliver it into the hands of the wife of the Lord Protector.  The
woman, who did not know him, contemptuously asked, how he thought
she should gain admittance, particularly on a festal night, to that
lady's presence?  Raymond gave her his ring to ensure the respect
of the menials.  Thus, while Perdita was entertaining her guests,
and anxiously awaiting the arrival of her lord, his ring was
brought her; and she was told that a poor woman had a note to
deliver to her from its wearer.

The vanity of the old gossip was raised by her commission, which,
after all, she did not understand, since she had no suspicion, even
now that Evadne's visitor was Lord Raymond.  Perdita dreaded a fall
from his horse, or some similar accident--till the woman's answers
woke other fears.  From a feeling of cunning blindly exercised, the
officious, if not malignant messenger, did not speak of Evadne's
illness; but she garrulously gave an account of Raymond's frequent
visits, adding to her narration such circumstances, as, while they
convinced Perdita of its truth, exaggerated the unkindness and
perfidy of Raymond.  Worst of all, his absence now from the
festival, his message wholly unaccounted for, except by the
disgraceful hints of the woman, appeared the deadliest insult.
Again she looked at the ring, it was a small ruby, almost heart-
shaped, which she had herself given him.  She looked at the hand-
writing, which she could not mistake, and repeated to herself the
words--"Do not, I charge you, I entreat you, permit your guests to
wonder at my absence:" the while the old crone going on with her
talk, filled her ear with a strange medley of truth and falsehood.
At length Perdita dismissed her.

The poor girl returned to the assembly, where her presence had not
been missed.  She glided into a recess somewhat obscured, and
leaning against an ornamental column there placed, tried to recover
herself.  Her faculties were palsied.  She gazed on some flowers
that stood near in a carved vase: that morning she had arranged
them, they were rare and lovely plants; even now all aghast as she
was, she observed their brilliant colours and starry shapes.--
"Divine infoliations of the spirit of beauty," she exclaimed, "Ye
droop not, neither do ye mourn; the despair that clasps my heart,
has not spread contagion over you!--Why am I not a partner of your
insensibility, a sharer in your calm!"

She paused.  "To my task," she continued mentally, "my guests must
not perceive the reality, either as it regards him or me.  I obey;
they shall not, though I die the moment they are gone.  They shall
behold the antipodes of what is real--for I will appear to live--
while I am--dead."  It required all her self-command, to suppress
the gush of tears self-pity caused at this idea.  After many
struggles, she succeeded, and turned to join the company.

All her efforts were now directed to the dissembling her internal
conflict.  She had to play the part of a courteous hostess; to
attend to all; to shine the focus of enjoyment and grace.  She had
to do this, while in deep woe she sighed for loneliness, and would
gladly have exchanged her crowded rooms for dark forest depths, or
a drear, night-enshadowed heath.  But she became gay.  She could
not keep in the medium, nor be, as was usual with her, placidly
content.  Every one remarked her exhilaration of spirits; as all
actions appear graceful in the eye of rank, her guests surrounded
her applaudingly, although there was a sharpness in her laugh, and
an abruptness in her sallies, which might have betrayed her secret
to an attentive observer.  She went on, feeling that, if she had
paused for a moment, the checked waters of misery would have
deluged her soul, that her wrecked hopes would raise their wailing
voices, and that those who now echoed her mirth, and provoked her
repartees, would have shrunk in fear from her convulsive despair.
Her only consolation during the violence which she did herself, was
to watch the motions of an illuminated clock, and internally count
the moments which must elapse before she could be alone.

At length the rooms began to thin.  Mocking her own desires, she
rallied her guests on their early departure.  One by one they left
her--at length she pressed the hand of her last visitor.  "How cold
and damp your hand is," said her friend; "you are over fatigued,
pray hasten to rest."  Perdita smiled faintly--her guest left her;
the carriage rolling down the street assured the final departure.
Then, as if pursued by an enemy, as if wings had been at her feet,
she flew to her own apartment, she dismissed her attendants, she
locked the doors, she threw herself wildly on the floor, she bit
her lips even to blood to suppress her shrieks, and lay long a prey
to the vulture of despair, striving not to think, while
multitudinous ideas made a home of her heart; and ideas, horrid as
furies, cruel as vipers, and poured in with such swift succession,
that they seemed to jostle and wound each other, while they worked
her up to madness.

At length she rose, more composed, not less miserable.  She stood
before a large mirror--she gazed on her reflected image; her light
and graceful dress, the jewels that studded her hair, and encircled
her beauteous arms and neck, her small feet shod in satin, her
profuse and glossy tresses, all were to her clouded brow and woe-
begone countenance like a gorgeous frame to a dark tempest-
portraying picture.  "Vase am I," she thought, "vase brimful of
despair's direst essence.  Farewell, Perdita! farewell, poor girl!
never again will you see yourself thus; luxury and wealth are no
longer yours; in the excess of your poverty you may envy the
homeless beggar; most truly am I without a home!  I live on a
barren desert, which, wide and interminable, brings forth neither
fruit or flower; in the midst is a solitary rock, to which thou,
Perdita, art chained, and thou seest the dreary level stretch far

She threw open her window, which looked on the palace-garden.
Light and darkness were struggling together, and the orient was
streaked by roseate and golden rays.  One star only trembled in the
depth of the kindling atmosphere.  The morning air blowing freshly
over the dewy plants, rushed into the heated room.  "All things go
on," thought Perdita, "all things proceed, decay, and perish!  When
noontide has passed, and the weary day has driven her team to their
western stalls, the fires of heaven rise from the East, moving in
their accustomed path, they ascend and descend the skiey hill.
When their course is fulfilled, the dial begins to cast westward an
uncertain shadow; the eye-lids of day are opened, and birds and
flowers, the startled vegetation, and fresh breeze awaken; the sun
at length appears, and in majestic procession climbs the capitol of
heaven.  All proceeds, changes and dies, except the sense of misery
in my bursting heart.

"Ay, all proceeds and changes: what wonder then, that love has
journeyed on to its setting, and that the lord of my life has
changed?  We call the supernal lights fixed, yet they wander about
yonder plain, and if I look again where I looked an hour ago, the
face of the eternal heavens is altered.  The silly moon and
inconstant planets vary nightly their erratic dance; the sun
itself, sovereign of the sky, ever and anon deserts his throne, and
leaves his dominion to night and winter.  Nature grows old, and
shakes in her decaying limbs,--creation has become bankrupt!  What
wonder then, that eclipse and death have led to destruction the
light of thy life, O Perdita!"


Thus sad and disarranged were the thoughts of my poor sister, when
she became assured of the infidelity of Raymond.  All her virtues
and all her defects tended to make the blow incurable.  Her
affection for me, her brother, for Adrian and Idris, was subject as
it were to the reigning passion of her heart; even her maternal
tenderness borrowed half its force from the delight she had in
tracing Raymond's features and expression in the infant's
countenance.  She had been reserved and even stern in childhood;
but love had softened the asperities of her character, and her
union with Raymond had caused her talents and affections to unfold
themselves; the one betrayed, and the other lost, she in some
degree returned to her ancient disposition.  The concentrated pride
of her nature, forgotten during her blissful dream, awoke, and with
its adder's sting pierced her heart; her humility of spirit
augmented the power of the venom; she had been exalted in her own
estimation, while distinguished by his love: of what worth was she,
now that he thrust her from this preferment?  She had been proud of
having won and preserved him--but another had won him from her, and
her exultation was as cold as a water quenched ember.

We, in our retirement, remained long in ignorance of her
misfortune.  Soon after the festival she had sent for her child,
and then she seemed to have forgotten us.  Adrian observed a change
during a visit that he afterward paid them; but he could not tell
its extent, or divine the cause.  They still appeared in public
together, and lived under the same roof.  Raymond was as usual
courteous, though there was, on occasions, an unbidden haughtiness,
or painful abruptness in his manners, which startled his gentle
friend; his brow was not clouded but disdain sat on his lips, and
his voice was harsh.  Perdita was all kindness and attention to her
lord; but she was silent, and beyond words sad.  She had grown thin
and pale; and her eyes often filled with tears.  Sometimes she
looked at Raymond, as if to say--That it should be so!  At others
her countenance expressed--I will still do all I can to make you
happy.  But Adrian read with uncertain aim the charactery of her
face, and might mistake.--Clara was always with her, and she seemed
most at ease, when, in an obscure corner, she could sit holding her
child's hand, silent and lonely.  Still Adrian was unable to guess
the truth; he entreated them to visit us at Windsor, and they
promised to come during the following month.

It was May before they arrived: the season had decked the forest
trees with leaves, and its paths with a thousand flowers.  We had
notice of their intention the day before; and, early in the
morning, Perdita arrived with her daughter.  Raymond would follow
soon, she said; he had been detained by business.  According to
Adrian's account, I had expected to find her sad; but, on the
contrary, she appeared in the highest spirits: true, she had grown
thin, her eyes were somewhat hollow, and her cheeks sunk, though
tinged by a bright glow.  She was delighted to see us; caressed our
children, praised their growth and improvement; Clara also was
pleased to meet again her young friend Alfred; all kinds of
childish games were entered into, in which Perdita joined.  She
communicated her gaiety to us, and as we amused ourselves on the
Castle Terrace, it appeared that a happier, less care-worn party
could not have been assembled.  "This is better, Mamma," said
Clara, "than being in that dismal London, where you often cry, and
never laugh as you do now."--"Silence, little foolish thing,"
replied her mother, "and remember any one that mentions London is
sent to Coventry for an hour."

Soon after, Raymond arrived.  He did not join as usual in the
playful spirit of the rest; but, entering into conversation with
Adrian and myself, by degrees we seceded from our companions, and
Idris and Perdita only remained with the children.  Raymond talked
of his new buildings; of his plan for an establishment for the
better education of the poor; as usual Adrian and he entered into
argument, and the time slipped away unperceived.

We assembled again towards evening, and Perdita insisted on our
having recourse to music.  She wanted, she said, to give us a
specimen of her new accomplishment; for since she had been in
London, she had applied herself to music, and sang, without much
power, but with a great deal of sweetness.  We were not permitted
by her to select any but light-hearted melodies; and all the Operas
of Mozart were called into service, that we might choose the most
exhilarating of his airs.  Among the other transcendent attributes
of Mozart's music, it possesses more than any other that of
appearing to come from the heart; you enter into the passions
expressed by him, and are transported with grief, joy, anger, or
confusion, as he, our soul's master, chooses to inspire.  For some
time, the spirit of hilarity was kept up; but, at length, Perdita
receded from the piano, for Raymond had joined in the trio of "Taci
ingiusto core," in Don Giovanni, whose arch entreaty was softened
by him into tenderness, and thrilled her heart with memories of the
changed past; it was the same voice, the same tone, the self-same
sounds and words, which often before she had received, as the
homage of love to her--no longer was it that; and this concord of
sound with its dissonance of expression penetrated her with regret
and despair.  Soon after Idris, who was at the harp, turned to that
passionate and sorrowful air in Figaro, "Porgi, amor, qualche
ristoro," in which the deserted Countess laments the change of the
faithless Almaviva.  The soul of tender sorrow is breathed forth in
this strain; and the sweet voice of Idris, sustained by the
mournful chords of her instrument, added to the expression of the
words.  During the pathetic appeal with which it concludes, a
stifled sob attracted our attention to Perdita, the cessation of
the music recalled her to herself, she hastened out of the hall--I
followed her.  At first, she seemed to wish to shun me; and then,
yielding to my earnest questioning, she threw herself on my neck,
and wept aloud:--"Once more," she cried, "once more on your
friendly breast, my beloved brother, can the lost Perdita pour
forth her sorrows.  I had imposed a law of silence on myself; and
for months I have kept it.  I do wrong in weeping now, and greater
wrong in giving words to my grief.  I will not speak!  Be it enough
for you to know that I am miserable--be it enough for you to know,
that the painted veil of life is rent, that I sit for ever shrouded
in darkness and gloom, that grief is my sister, everlasting
lamentation my mate!"

I endeavoured to console her; I did not question her! but I
caressed her, assured her of my deepest affection and my intense
interest in the changes of her fortune:--"Dear words," she cried,
"expressions of love come upon my ear, like the remembered sounds
of forgotten music, that had been dear to me.  They are vain, I
know; how very vain in their attempt to soothe or comfort me.
Dearest Lionel, you cannot guess what I have suffered during these
long months.  I have read of mourners in ancient days, who clothed
themselves in sackcloth, scattered dust upon their heads, ate their
bread mingled with ashes, and took up their abode on the bleak
mountain tops, reproaching heaven and earth aloud with their
misfortunes.  Why this is the very luxury of sorrow! thus one might
go on from day to day contriving new extravagances, revelling in
the paraphernalia of woe, wedded to all the appurtenances of
despair.  Alas! I must for ever conceal the wretchedness that
consumes me.  I must weave a veil of dazzling falsehood to hide my
grief from vulgar eyes, smoothe my brow, and paint my lips in
deceitful smiles--even in solitude I dare not think how lost I am,
lest I become insane and rave."

The tears and agitation of my poor sister had rendered her unfit to
return to the circle we had left--so I persuaded her to let me
drive her through the park; and, during the ride, I induced her to
confide the tale of her unhappiness to me, fancying that talking of
it would lighten the burthen, and certain that, if there were a
remedy, it should be found and secured to her.

Several weeks had elapsed since the festival of the anniversary,
and she had been unable to calm her mind, or to subdue her thoughts
to any regular train.  Sometimes she reproached herself for taking
too bitterly to heart, that which many would esteem an imaginary
evil; but this was no subject for reason; and, ignorant as she was
of the motives and true conduct of Raymond, things assumed for her
even a worse appearance, than the reality warranted.  He was seldom
at the palace; never, but when he was assured that his public
duties would prevent his remaining alone with Perdita.  They seldom
addressed each other, shunning explanation, each fearing any
communication the other might make.  Suddenly, however, the manners
of Raymond changed; he appeared to desire to find opportunities of
bringing about a return to kindness and intimacy with my sister.
The tide of love towards her appeared to flow again; he could never
forget, how once he had been devoted to her, making her the shrine
and storehouse wherein to place every thought and every sentiment.
Shame seemed to hold him back; yet he evidently wished to establish
a renewal of confidence and affection.  From the moment Perdita had
sufficiently recovered herself to form any plan of action, she had
laid one down, which now she prepared to follow.  She received
these tokens of returning love with gentleness; she did not shun
his company; but she endeavoured to place a barrier in the way of
familiar intercourse or painful discussion, which mingled pride and
shame prevented Raymond from surmounting.  He began at last to show
signs of angry impatience, and Perdita became aware that the system
she had adopted could not continue; she must explain herself to
him; she could not summon courage to speak--she wrote thus:--

"Read this letter with patience, I entreat you.  It will contain no
reproaches.  Reproach is indeed an idle word: for what should I
reproach you?

"Allow me in some degree to explain my feeling; without that, we
shall both grope in the dark, mistaking one another; erring from
the path which may conduct, one of us at least, to a more eligible
mode of life than that led by either during the last few weeks.

"I loved you--I love you--neither anger nor pride dictates these
lines; but a feeling beyond, deeper, and more unalterable than
either.  My affections are wounded; it is impossible to heal them:--
cease then the vain endeavour, if indeed that way your endeavours
tend.  Forgiveness!  Return!  Idle words are these!  I forgive the
pain I endure; but the trodden path cannot be retraced.

"Common affection might have been satisfied with common usages.
I believed that you read my heart, and knew its devotion, its
unalienable fidelity towards you.  I never loved any but you.  You
came the embodied image of my fondest dreams.  The praise of men,
power and high aspirations attended your career.  Love for you
invested the world for me in enchanted light; it was no longer the
earth I trod--the earth, common mother, yielding only trite and
stale repetition of objects and circumstances old and worn out.
I lived in a temple glorified by intensest sense of devotion and
rapture; I walked, a consecrated being, contemplating only your
power, your excellence;

     For O, you stood beside me, like my youth,
     Transformed for me the real to a dream,
     Clothing the palpable and familiar
     With golden exhalations of the dawn.

'The bloom has vanished from my life'--there is no morning to this
all investing night; no rising to the set-sun of love.  In those
days the rest of the world was nothing to me: all other men--I
never considered nor felt what they were; nor did I look on you as
one of them.  Separated from them; exalted in my heart; sole
possessor of my affections; single object of my hopes, the best
half of myself.

"Ah, Raymond, were we not happy?  Did the sun shine on any, who
could enjoy its light with purer and more intense bliss?  It was
not--it is not a common infidelity at which I repine.  It is the
disunion of an whole which may not have parts; it is the
carelessness with which you have shaken off the mantle of election
with which to me you were invested, and have become one among the
many.  Dream not to alter this.  Is not love a divinity, because it
is immortal?  Did not I appear sanctified, even to myself, because
this love had for its temple my heart?  I have gazed on you as you
slept, melted even to tears, as the idea filled my mind, that all I
possessed lay cradled in those idolised, but mortal lineaments
before me.  Yet, even then, I have checked thick-coming fears with
one thought; I would not fear death, for the emotions that linked
us must be immortal.

"And now I do not fear death.  I should be well pleased to close my
eyes, never more to open them again.  And yet I fear it; even as I
fear all things; for in any state of being linked by the chain of
memory with this, happiness would not return--even in Paradise, I
must feel that your love was less enduring than the mortal beatings
of my fragile heart, every pulse of which knells audibly,

                The funeral note
     Of love, deep buried, without resurrection.

No--no--me miserable; for love extinct there is no resurrection!

"Yet I love you.  Yet, and for ever, would I contribute all I
possess to your welfare.  On account of a tattling world; for the
sake of my--of our child, I would remain by you, Raymond, share
your fortunes, partake your counsel.  Shall it be thus?  We are no
longer lovers; nor can I call myself a friend to any; since, lost
as I am, I have no thought to spare from my own wretched,
engrossing self.  But it will please me to see you each day! to
listen to the public voice praising you; to keep up your paternal
love for our girl; to hear your voice; to know that I am near you,
though you are no longer mine.

"If you wish to break the chains that bind us, say the word, and it
shall be done--I will take all the blame on myself, of harshness or
unkindness, in the world's eye.

"Yet, as I have said, I should be best pleased, at least for the
present, to live under the same roof with you.  When the fever of
my young life is spent; when placid age shall tame the vulture that
devours me, friendship may come, love and hope being dead.  May
this be true?  Can my soul, inextricably linked to this perishable
frame, become lethargic and cold, even as this sensitive mechanism
shall lose its youthful elasticity?  Then, with lack-lustre eyes,
grey hairs, and wrinkled brow, though now the words sound hollow
and meaningless, then, tottering on the grave's extreme edge, I may
be--your affectionate and true friend,


Raymond's answer was brief.  What indeed could he reply to her
complaints, to her griefs which she jealously paled round, keeping
out all thought of remedy.  "Notwithstanding your bitter letter,"
he wrote, "for bitter I must call it, you are the chief person in
my estimation, and it is your happiness that I would principally
consult.  Do that which seems best to you: and if you can receive
gratification from one mode of life in preference to another, do
not let me be any obstacle.  I foresee that the plan which you mark
out in your letter will not endure long; but you are mistress of
yourself, and it is my sincere wish to contribute as far as you
will permit me to your happiness."

"Raymond has prophesied well," said Perdita, "alas, that it should
be so! our present mode of life cannot continue long, yet I will
not be the first to propose alteration.  He beholds in me one whom
he has injured even unto death; and I derive no hope from his
kindness; no change can possibly be brought about even by his best
intentions.  As well might Cleopatra have worn as an ornament the
vinegar which contained her dissolved pearl, as I be content with
the love that Raymond can now offer me."

I own that I did not see her misfortune with the same eyes as
Perdita.  At all events methought that the wound could be healed;
and, if they remained together, it would be so.  I endeavoured
therefore to sooth and soften her mind; and it was not until after
many endeavours that I gave up the task as impracticable.  Perdita
listened to me impatiently, and answered with some asperity:--"Do
you think that any of your arguments are new to me? or that my own
burning wishes and intense anguish have not suggested them all a
thousand times, with far more eagerness and subtlety than you can
put into them?  Lionel, you cannot understand what woman's love is.
In days of happiness I have often repeated to myself, with a
grateful heart and exulting spirit, all that Raymond sacrificed for
me.  I was a poor, uneducated, unbefriended, mountain girl, raised
from nothingness by him.  All that I possessed of the luxuries of
life came from him.  He gave me an illustrious name and noble
station; the world's respect reflected from his own glory: all this
joined to his own undying love, inspired me with sensations towards
him, akin to those with which we regard the Giver of life.  I gave
him love only.  I devoted myself to him: imperfect creature that I
was, I took myself to task, that I might become worthy of him.  I
watched over my hasty temper, subdued my burning impatience of
character, schooled my self-engrossing thoughts, educating myself
to the best perfection I might attain, that the fruit of my
exertions might be his happiness.  I took no merit to myself for
this.  He deserved it all--all labour, all devotion, all sacrifice;
I would have toiled up a scaleless Alp, to pluck a flower that
would please him.  I was ready to quit you all, my beloved and
gifted companions, and to live only with him, for him.  I could not
do otherwise, even if I had wished; for if we are said to have two
souls, he was my better soul, to which the other was a perpetual
slave.  One only return did he owe me, even fidelity.  I earned
that; I deserved it.  Because I was mountain bred, unallied to the
noble and wealthy, shall he think to repay me by an empty name and
station?  Let him take them back; without his love they are nothing
to me.  Their only merit in my eyes was that they were his."

Thus passionately Perdita ran on.  When I adverted to the question
of their entire separation, she replied:  "Be it so!  One day the
period will arrive; I know it, and feel it.  But in this I am a
coward.  This imperfect companionship, and our masquerade of union,
are strangely dear to me.  It is painful, I allow, destructive,
impracticable.  It keeps up a perpetual fever in my veins; it frets
my immedicable wound; it is instinct with poison.  Yet I must cling
to it; perhaps it will kill me soon, and thus perform a thankful

In the mean time, Raymond had remained with Adrian and Idris.  He
was naturally frank; the continued absence of Perdita and myself
became remarkable; and Raymond soon found relief from the
constraint of months, by an unreserved confidence with his two
friends.  He related to them the situation in which he had found
Evadne.  At first, from delicacy to Adrian he concealed her name;
but it was divulged in the course of his narrative, and her former
lover heard with the most acute agitation the history of her
sufferings.  Idris had shared Perdita's ill opinion of the Greek;
but Raymond's account softened and interested her.  Evadne's
constancy, fortitude, even her ill-fated and ill-regulated love,
were matter of admiration and pity; especially when, from the
detail of the events of the nineteenth of October, it was apparent
that she preferred suffering and death to any in her eyes degrading
application for the pity and assistance of her lover.  Her
subsequent conduct did not diminish this interest.  At first,
relieved from famine and the grave, watched over by Raymond with
the tenderest assiduity, with that feeling of repose peculiar to
convalescence, Evadne gave herself up to rapturous gratitude and
love.  But reflection returned with health.  She questioned him
with regard to the motives which had occasioned his critical
absence.  She framed her inquiries with Greek subtlety; she formed
her conclusions with the decision and firmness peculiar to her
disposition.  She could not divine, that the breach which she had
occasioned between Raymond and Perdita was already irreparable: but
she knew, that under the present system it would be widened each
day, and that its result must be to destroy her lover's happiness,
and to implant the fangs of remorse in his heart.  From the moment
that she perceived the right line of conduct, she resolved to adopt
it, and to part from Raymond for ever.  Conflicting passions, long-
cherished love, and self-inflicted disappointment, made her regard
death alone as sufficient refuge for her woe.  But the same
feelings and opinions which had before restrained her, acted with
redoubled force; for she knew that the reflection that he had
occasioned her death, would pursue Raymond through life, poisoning
every enjoyment, clouding every prospect.  Besides, though the
violence of her anguish made life hateful, it had not yet produced
that monotonous, lethargic sense of changeless misery which for the
most part produces suicide.  Her energy of character induced her
still to combat with the ills of life; even those attendant on
hopeless love presented themselves, rather in the shape of an
adversary to be overcome, than of a victor to whom she must submit.
Besides, she had memories of past tenderness to cherish, smiles,
words, and even tears, to con over, which, though remembered in
desertion and sorrow, were to be preferred to the forgetfulness of
the grave.  It was impossible to guess at the whole of her plan.
Her letter to Raymond gave no clue for discovery; it assured him,
that she was in no danger of wanting the means of life; she
promised in it to preserve herself, and some future day perhaps to
present herself to him in a station not unworthy of her.  She then
bade him, with the eloquence of despair and of unalterable love, a
last farewell.

All these circumstances were now related to Adrian and Idris.
Raymond then lamented the cureless evil of his situation with
Perdita.  He declared, notwithstanding her harshness, he even
called it coldness, that he loved her.  He had been ready once with
the humility of a penitent, and the duty of a vassal, to surrender
himself to her; giving up his very soul to her tutelage, to become
her pupil, her slave, her bondsman.  She had rejected these
advances; and the time for such exuberant submission, which must be
founded on love and nourished by it, was now passed.  Still all his
wishes and endeavours were directed towards her peace, and his
chief discomfort arose from the perception that he exerted himself
in vain.  If she were to continue inflexible in the line of conduct
she now pursued, they must part.  The combinations and occurrences
of this senseless mode of intercourse were maddening to him.  Yet
he would not propose the separation.  He was haunted by the fear of
causing the death of one or other of the beings implicated in these
events; and he could not persuade himself to undertake to direct
the course of events, lest, ignorant of the land he traversed, he
should lead those attached to the car into irremediable ruin.

After a discussion on this subject, which lasted for several hours,
he took leave of his friends, and returned to town, unwilling to
meet Perdita before us, conscious, as we all must be, of the
thoughts uppermost in the minds of both.  Perdita prepared to
follow him with her child.  Idris endeavoured to persuade her to
remain.  My poor sister looked at the counsellor with affright.
She knew that Raymond had conversed with her; had he instigated
this request?--was this to be the prelude to their eternal
separation?--I have said, that the defects of her character awoke
and acquired vigour from her unnatural position.  She regarded with
suspicion the invitation of Idris; she embraced me, as if she were
about to be deprived of my affection also: calling me her more than
brother, her only friend, her last hope, she pathetically conjured
me not to cease to love her; and with increased anxiety she
departed for London, the scene and cause of all her misery.

The scenes that followed, convinced her that she had not yet
fathomed the obscure gulf into which she had plunged.  Her
unhappiness assumed every day a new shape; every day some
unexpected event seemed to close, while in fact it led onward, the
train of calamities which now befell her.

The selected passion of the soul of Raymond was ambition.
Readiness of talent, a capacity of entering into, and leading the
dispositions of men; earnest desire of distinction were the
awakeners and nurses of his ambition.  But other ingredients
mingled with these, and prevented him from becoming the
calculating, determined character, which alone forms a successful
hero.  He was obstinate, but not firm; benevolent in his first
movements; harsh and reckless when provoked.  Above all, he was
remorseless and unyielding in the pursuit of any object of desire,
however lawless.  Love of pleasure, and the softer sensibilities of
our nature, made a prominent part of his character, conquering the
conqueror; holding him in at the moment of acquisition; sweeping
away ambition's web; making him forget the toil of weeks, for the
sake of one moment's indulgence of the new and actual object of his
wishes.  Obeying these impulses, he had become the husband of
Perdita: egged on by them, he found himself the lover of Evadne.
He had now lost both.  He had neither the ennobling self-
gratulation, which constancy inspires, to console him, nor the
voluptuous sense of abandonment to a forbidden, but intoxicating
passion.  His heart was exhausted by the recent events; his
enjoyment of life was destroyed by the resentment of Perdita, and
the flight of Evadne; and the inflexibility of the former, set the
last seal upon the annihilation of his hopes.  As long as their
disunion remained a secret, he cherished an expectation of re-
awakening past tenderness in her bosom; now that we were all made
acquainted with these occurrences, and that Perdita, by declaring
her resolves to others, in a manner pledged herself to their
accomplishment, he gave up the idea of re-union as futile, and
sought only, since he was unable to influence her to change, to
reconcile himself to the present state of things.  He made a vow
against love and its train of struggles, disappointment and
remorse, and sought in mere sensual enjoyment, a remedy for the
injurious inroads of passion.

Debasement of character is the certain follower of such pursuits.
Yet this consequence would not have been immediately remarkable, if
Raymond had continued to apply himself to the execution of his
plans for the public benefit, and the fulfilling his duties as
Protector.  But, extreme in all things, given up to immediate
impressions, he entered with ardour into this new pursuit of
pleasure, and followed up the incongruous intimacies occasioned by
it without reflection or foresight.  The council-chamber was
deserted; the crowds which attended on him as agents to his various
projects were neglected.  Festivity, and even libertinism, became
the order of the day.

Perdita beheld with affright the increasing disorder.  For a moment
she thought that she could stem the torrent, and that Raymond could
be induced to hear reason from her.--Vain hope!  The moment of her
influence was passed.  He listened with haughtiness, replied
disdainfully; and, if in truth, she succeeded in awakening his
conscience, the sole effect was that he sought an opiate for the
pang in oblivious riot.  With the energy natural to her, Perdita
then endeavoured to supply his place.  Their still apparent union
permitted her to do much; but no woman could, in the end, present a
remedy to the increasing negligence of the Protector; who, as if
seized with a paroxysm of insanity, trampled on all ceremony, all
order, all duty, and gave himself up to license.

Reports of these strange proceedings reached us, and we were
undecided what method to adopt to restore our friend to himself and
his country, when Perdita suddenly appeared among us.  She detailed
the progress of the mournful change, and entreated Adrian and
myself to go up to London, and endeavour to remedy the increasing
evil:--"Tell him," she cried, "tell Lord Raymond, that my presence
shall no longer annoy him.  That he need not plunge into this
destructive dissipation for the sake of disgusting me, and causing
me to fly.  This purpose is now accomplished; he will never see me
more.  But let me, it is my last entreaty, let me in the praises of
his countrymen and the prosperity of England, find the choice of my
youth justified."

During our ride up to town, Adrian and I discussed and argued upon
Raymond's conduct, and his falling off from the hopes of permanent
excellence on his part, which he had before given us cause to
entertain.  My friend and I had both been educated in one school,
or rather I was his pupil in the opinion, that steady adherence to
principle was the only road to honour; a ceaseless observance of
the laws of general utility, the only conscientious aim of human
ambition.  But though we both entertained these ideas, we differed
in their application.  Resentment added also a sting to my censure;
and I reprobated Raymond's conduct in severe terms.  Adrian was
more benign, more considerate.  He admitted that the principles
that I laid down were the best; but he denied that they were the
only ones.  Quoting the text, there are many mansions in my
father's house, he insisted that the modes of becoming good or
great, varied as much as the dispositions of men, of whom it might
be said, as of the leaves of the forest, there were no two alike.

We arrived in London at about eleven at night.  We conjectured,
notwithstanding what we had heard, that we should find Raymond in
St. Stephen's: thither we sped.  The chamber was full--but there
was no Protector; and there was an austere discontent manifest on
the countenances of the leaders, and a whispering and busy tattle
among the underlings, not less ominous.  We hastened to the palace
of the Protectorate.  We found Raymond in his dining room with six
others: the bottle was being pushed about merrily, and had made
considerable inroads on the understanding of one or two.  He who
sat near Raymond was telling a story, which convulsed the rest with

Raymond sat among them, though while he entered into the spirit of
the hour, his natural dignity never forsook him.  He was gay,
playful, fascinating--but never did he overstep the modesty of
nature, or the respect due to himself, in his wildest sallies.  Yet
I own, that considering the task which Raymond had taken on himself
as Protector of England, and the cares to which it became him to
attend, I was exceedingly provoked to observe the worthless fellows
on whom his time was wasted, and the jovial if not drunken spirit
which seemed on the point of robbing him of his better self.  I
stood watching the scene, while Adrian flitted like a shadow in
among them, and, by a word and look of sobriety, endeavoured to
restore order in the assembly.  Raymond expressed himself delighted
to see him, declaring that he should make one in the festivity of
the night.

This action of Adrian provoked me.  I was indignant that he should
sit at the same table with the companions of Raymond--men of
abandoned characters, or rather without any, the refuse of high-
bred luxury, the disgrace of their country.  "Let me entreat
Adrian," I cried, "not to comply: rather join with me in
endeavouring to withdraw Lord Raymond from this scene, and restore
him to other society."

"My good fellow," said Raymond, "this is neither the time nor place
for the delivery of a moral lecture: take my word for it that my
amusements and society are not so bad as you imagine.  We are
neither hypocrites or fools--for the rest, 'Dost thou think because
thou art virtuous, there shall be no more cakes and ale?'"

I turned angrily away:  "Verney," said Adrian, "you are very
cynical: sit down; or if you will not, perhaps, as you are not a
frequent visitor, Lord Raymond will humour you, and accompany us,
as we had previously agreed upon, to parliament."

Raymond looked keenly at him; he could read benignity only in his
gentle lineaments; he turned to me, observing with scorn my moody
and stern demeanour.  "Come," said Adrian, "I have promised for
you, enable me to keep my engagement.  Come with us."--Raymond made
an uneasy movement, and laconically replied--"I won't!"

The party in the mean time had broken up.  They looked at the
pictures, strolled into the other apartments, talked of billiards,
and one by one vanished.  Raymond strode angrily up and down the
room.  I stood ready to receive and reply to his reproaches.
Adrian leaned against the wall.  "This is infinitely ridiculous,"
he cried, "if you were school-boys, you could not conduct
yourselves more unreasonably."

"You do not understand," said Raymond.  "This is only part of a
system:--a scheme of tyranny to which I will never submit.  Because
I am Protector of England, am I to be the only slave in its empire?
My privacy invaded, my actions censured, my friends insulted?  But
I will get rid of the whole together.--Be you witnesses," and he
took the star, insignia of office, from his breast, and threw it on
the table.  "I renounce my office, I abdicate my power--assume it
who will!"--

"Let him assume it," exclaimed Adrian, "who can pronounce himself,
or whom the world will pronounce to be your superior.  There does
not exist the man in England with adequate presumption.  Know
yourself, Raymond, and your indignation will cease; your
complacency return.  A few months ago, whenever we prayed for the
prosperity of our country, or our own, we at the same time prayed
for the life and welfare of the Protector, as indissolubly linked
to it.  Your hours were devoted to our benefit, your ambition was
to obtain our commendation.  You decorated our towns with edifices,
you bestowed on us useful establishments, you gifted the soil with
abundant fertility.  The powerful and unjust cowered at the steps
of your judgment-seat, and the poor and oppressed arose like morn-
awakened flowers under the sunshine of your protection.

"Can you wonder that we are all aghast and mourn, when this appears
changed?  But, come, this splenetic fit is already passed; resume
your functions; your partisans will hail you; your enemies be
silenced; our love, honour, and duty will again be manifested
towards you.  Master yourself, Raymond, and the world is subject to

"All this would be very good sense, if addressed to another,"
replied Raymond, moodily, "con the lesson yourself, and you, the
first peer of the land, may become its sovereign.  You the good,
the wise, the just, may rule all hearts.  But I perceive, too soon
for my own happiness, too late for England's good, that I undertook
a task to which I am unequal.  I cannot rule myself.  My passions
are my masters; my smallest impulse my tyrant.  Do you think that I
renounced the Protectorate (and I have renounced it) in a fit of
spleen?  By the God that lives, I swear never to take up that
bauble again; never again to burthen myself with the weight of care
and misery, of which that is the visible sign.

"Once I desired to be a king.  It was in the hey-day of youth, in
the pride of boyish folly.  I knew myself when I renounced it.  I
renounced it to gain--no matter what--for that also I have lost.
For many months I have submitted to this mock majesty--this solemn
jest.  I am its dupe no longer.  I will be free.

"I have lost that which adorned and dignified my life; that which
linked me to other men.  Again I am a solitary man; and I will
become again, as in my early years, a wanderer, a soldier of
fortune.  My friends, for Verney, I feel that you are my friend, do
not endeavour to shake my resolve.  Perdita, wedded to an
imagination, careless of what is behind the veil, whose charactery
is in truth faulty and vile, Perdita has renounced me.  With her it
was pretty enough to play a sovereign's part; and, as in the
recesses of your beloved forest we acted masques, and imagined
ourselves Arcadian shepherds, to please the fancy of the moment--so
was I content, more for Perdita's sake than my own, to take on me
the character of one of the great ones of the earth; to lead her
behind the scenes of grandeur, to vary her life with a short act of
magnificence and power.  This was to be the colour; love and
confidence the substance of our existence.  But we must live, and
not act our lives; pursuing the shadow, I lost the reality--now I
renounce both.

"Adrian, I am about to return to Greece, to become again a soldier,
perhaps a conqueror.  Will you accompany me?  You will behold new
scenes; see a new people; witness the mighty struggle there going
forward between civilization and barbarism; behold, and perhaps
direct the efforts of a young and vigorous population, for liberty
and order.  Come with me.  I have expected you.  I waited for this
moment; all is prepared;--will you accompany me?"

"I will," replied Adrian.


"To-morrow if you will."

"Reflect!" I cried.

"Wherefore?" asked Raymond--"My dear fellow, I have done nothing
else than reflect on this step the live-long summer; and be assured
that Adrian has condensed an age of reflection into this little
moment.  Do not talk of reflection; from this moment I abjure it;
this is my only happy moment during a long interval of time.  I
must go, Lionel--the Gods will it; and I must.  Do not endeavour to
deprive me of my companion, the out-cast's friend.

"One word more concerning unkind, unjust Perdita.  For a time, I
thought that, by watching a complying moment, fostering the still
warm ashes, I might relume in her the flame of love.  It is more
cold within her, than a fire left by gypsies in winter-time, the
spent embers crowned by a pyramid of snow.  Then, in endeavouring
to do violence to my own disposition, I made all worse than before.
Still I think, that time, and even absence, may restore her to me.
Remember, that I love her still, that my dearest hope is that she
will again be mine.  I know, though she does not, how false the
veil is which she has spread over the reality--do not endeavour to
rend this deceptive covering, but by degrees withdraw it.  Present
her with a mirror, in which she may know herself; and, when she is
an adept in that necessary but difficult science, she will wonder
at her present mistake, and hasten to restore to me, what is by
right mine, her forgiveness, her kind thoughts, her love."


After these events, it was long before we were able to attain any
degree of composure.  A moral tempest had wrecked our richly
freighted vessel, and we, remnants of the diminished crew, were
aghast at the losses and changes which we had undergone.  Idris
passionately loved her brother, and could ill brook an absence
whose duration was uncertain; his society was dear and necessary to
me--I had followed up my chosen literary occupations with delight
under his tutorship and assistance; his mild philosophy, unerring
reason, and enthusiastic friendship were the best ingredient, the
exalted spirit of our circle; even the children bitterly regretted
the loss of their kind playfellow.  Deeper grief oppressed Perdita.
In spite of resentment, by day and night she figured to herself the
toils and dangers of the wanderers.  Raymond absent, struggling
with difficulties, lost to the power and rank of the Protectorate,
exposed to the perils of war, became an object of anxious interest;
not that she felt any inclination to recall him, if recall must
imply a return to their former union.  Such return she felt to be
impossible; and while she believed it to be thus, and with anguish
regretted that so it should be, she continued angry and impatient
with him, who occasioned her misery.  These perplexities and
regrets caused her to bathe her pillow with nightly tears, and to
reduce her in person and in mind to the shadow of what she had
been.  She sought solitude, and avoided us when in gaiety and
unrestrained affection we met in a family circle.  Lonely musings,
interminable wanderings, and solemn music were her only pastimes.
She neglected even her child; shutting her heart against all
tenderness, she grew reserved towards me, her first and fast

I could not see her thus lost, without exerting myself to remedy
the evil--remediless I knew, if I could not in the end bring her to
reconcile herself to Raymond.  Before he went I used every
argument, every persuasion to induce her to stop his journey.  She
answered the one with a gush of tears--telling me that to be
persuaded--life and the goods of life were a cheap exchange.  It
was not will that she wanted, but the capacity; again and again she
declared, it were as easy to enchain the sea, to put reins on the
wind's viewless courses, as for her to take truth for falsehood,
deceit for honesty, heartless communion for sincere, confiding
love.  She answered my reasonings more briefly, declaring with
disdain, that the reason was hers; and, until I could persuade her
that the past could be unacted, that maturity could go back to the
cradle, and that all that was could become as though it had never
been, it was useless to assure her that no real change had taken
place in her fate.  And thus with stern pride she suffered him to
go, though her very heart-strings cracked at the fulfilling of the
act, which rent from her all that made life valuable.

To change the scene for her, and even for ourselves, all unhinged
by the cloud that had come over us, I persuaded my two remaining
companions that it were better that we should absent ourselves for
a time from Windsor.  We visited the north of England, my native
Ulswater, and lingered in scenes dear from a thousand associations.
We lengthened our tour into Scotland, that we might see Loch
Katrine and Loch Lomond; thence we crossed to Ireland, and passed
several weeks in the neighbourhood of Killarney.  The change of
scene operated to a great degree as I expected; after a year's
absence, Perdita returned in gentler and more docile mood to
Windsor.  The first sight of this place for a time unhinged her.
Here every spot was distinct with associations now grown bitter.
The forest glades, the ferny dells, and lawny uplands, the
cultivated and cheerful country spread around the silver pathway of
ancient Thames, all earth, air, and wave, took up one choral voice,
inspired by memory, instinct with plaintive regret.

But my essay towards bringing her to a saner view of her own
situation, did not end here.  Perdita was still to a great degree
uneducated.  When first she left her peasant life, and resided with
the elegant and cultivated Evadne, the only accomplishment she
brought to any perfection was that of painting, for which she had a
taste almost amounting to genius.  This had occupied her in her
lonely cottage, when she quitted her Greek friend's protection.
Her pallet and easel were now thrown aside; did she try to paint,
thronging recollections made her hand tremble, her eyes fill with
tears.  With this occupation she gave up almost every other; and
her mind preyed upon itself almost to madness.

For my own part, since Adrian had first withdrawn me from my
sylvatic wilderness to his own paradise of order and beauty, I had
been wedded to literature.  I felt convinced that however it might
have been in former times, in the present stage of the world, no
man's faculties could be developed, no man's moral principle be
enlarged and liberal, without an extensive acquaintance with books.
To me they stood in the place of an active career, of ambition, and
those palpable excitements necessary to the multitude.  The
collation of philosophical opinions, the study of historical facts,
the acquirement of languages, were at once my recreation, and the
serious aim of my life.  I turned author myself.  My productions
however were sufficiently unpretending; they were confined to the
biography of favourite historical characters, especially those whom
I believed to have been traduced, or about whom clung obscurity and

As my authorship increased, I acquired new sympathies and
pleasures.  I found another and a valuable link to enchain me to my
fellow-creatures; my point of sight was extended, and the
inclinations and capacities of all human beings became deeply
interesting to me.  Kings have been called the fathers of their
people.  Suddenly I became as it were the father of all mankind.
Posterity became my heirs.  My thoughts were gems to enrich the
treasure house of man's intellectual possessions; each sentiment
was a precious gift I bestowed on them.  Let not these aspirations
be attributed to vanity.  They were not expressed in words, nor
even reduced to form in my own mind; but they filled my soul,
exalting my thoughts, raising a glow of enthusiasm, and led me out
of the obscure path in which I before walked, into the bright noon-
enlightened highway of mankind, making me, citizen of the world, a
candidate for immortal honours, an eager aspirant to the praise and
sympathy of my fellow men.

No one certainly ever enjoyed the pleasures of composition more
intensely than I.  If I left the woods, the solemn music of the
waving branches, and the majestic temple of nature, I sought the
vast halls of the Castle, and looked over wide, fertile England,
spread beneath our regal mount, and listened the while to inspiring
strains of music.  At such times solemn harmonies or spirit-
stirring airs gave wings to my lagging thoughts, permitting them,
methought, to penetrate the last veil of nature and her God,
and to display the highest beauty in visible expression to the
understandings of men.  As the music went on, my ideas seemed to
quit their mortal dwelling house; they shook their pinions and
began a flight, sailing on the placid current of thought, filling
the creation with new glory, and rousing sublime imagery that else
had slept voiceless.  Then I would hasten to my desk, weave the new-
found web of mind in firm texture and brilliant colours, leaving
the fashioning of the material to a calmer moment.

But this account, which might as properly belong to a former period
of my life as to the present moment, leads me far afield.  It was
the pleasure I took in literature, the discipline of mind I found
arise from it, that made me eager to lead Perdita to the same
pursuits.  I began with light hand and gentle allurement; first
exciting her curiosity, and then satisfying it in such a way as
might occasion her, at the same time that she half forgot her
sorrows in occupation, to find in the hours that succeeded a
reaction of benevolence and toleration.

Intellectual activity, though not directed towards books, had
always been my sister's characteristic.  It had been displayed
early in life, leading her out to solitary musing among her native
mountains, causing her to form innumerous combinations from common
objects, giving strength to her perceptions, and swiftness to their
arrangement.  Love had come, as the rod of the master-prophet, to
swallow up every minor propensity.  Love had doubled all her
excellencies, and placed a diadem on her genius.  Was she to cease
to love?  Take the colours and odour from the rose, change the
sweet nutriment of mother's milk to gall and poison; as easily
might you wean Perdita from love.  She grieved for the loss of
Raymond with an anguish, that exiled all smile from her lips, and
trenched sad lines on her brow of beauty.  But each day seemed to
change the nature of her suffering, and every succeeding hour
forced her to alter (if so I may style it) the fashion of her
soul's mourning garb.  For a time music was able to satisfy the
cravings of her mental hunger, and her melancholy thoughts renewed
themselves in each change of key, and varied with every alteration
in the strain.  My schooling first impelled her towards books; and,
if music had been the food of sorrow, the productions of the wise
became its medicine.

The acquisition of unknown languages was too tedious an occupation,
for one who referred every expression to the universe within, and
read not, as many do, for the mere sake of filling up time; but who
was still questioning herself and her author, moulding every idea
in a thousand ways, ardently desirous for the discovery of truth in
every sentence.  She sought to improve her understanding;
mechanically her heart and dispositions became soft and gentle
under this benign discipline.  After awhile she discovered, that
amidst all her newly acquired knowledge, her own character, which
formerly she fancied that she thoroughly understood, became the
first in rank among the terrae incognitae, the pathless wilds of a
country that had no chart.  Erringly and strangely she began the
task of self-examination with self-condemnation.  And then again
she became aware of her own excellencies, and began to balance with
juster scales the shades of good and evil.  I, who longed beyond
words, to restore her to the happiness it was still in her power to
enjoy, watched with anxiety the result of these internal

But man is a strange animal.  We cannot calculate on his forces
like that of an engine; and, though an impulse draw with a forty-
horse power at what appears willing to yield to one, yet in
contempt of calculation the movement is not effected.  Neither
grief, philosophy, nor love could make Perdita think with mildness
of the dereliction of Raymond.  She now took pleasure in my
society; towards Idris she felt and displayed a full and
affectionate sense of her worth--she restored to her child in
abundant measure her tenderness and care.  But I could discover,
amidst all her repinings, deep resentment towards Raymond, and an
unfading sense of injury, that plucked from me my hope, when I
appeared nearest to its fulfilment.  Among other painful
restrictions, she has occasioned it to become a law among us, never
to mention Raymond's name before her.  She refused to read any
communications from Greece, desiring me only to mention when any
arrived, and whether the wanderers were well.  It was curious that
even little Clara observed this law towards her mother.  This
lovely child was nearly eight years of age.  Formerly she had been
a light-hearted infant, fanciful, but gay and childish.  After the
departure of her father, thought became impressed on her young
brow.  Children, unadepts in language, seldom find words to express
their thoughts, nor could we tell in what manner the late events
had impressed themselves on her mind.  But certainly she had made
deep observations while she noted in silence the changes that
passed around her.  She never mentioned her father to Perdita, she
appeared half afraid when she spoke of him to me, and though I
tried to draw her out on the subject, and to dispel the gloom that
hung about her ideas concerning him, I could not succeed.  Yet each
foreign post-day she watched for the arrival of letters--knew the
post mark, and watched me as I read.  I found her often poring over
the article of Greek intelligence in the newspaper.

There is no more painful sight than that of untimely care in
children, and it was particularly observable in one whose
disposition had heretofore been mirthful.  Yet there was so much
sweetness and docility about Clara, that your admiration was
excited; and if the moods of mind are calculated to paint the cheek
with beauty, and endow motions with grace, surely her contemplations
must have been celestial; since every lineament was moulded into
loveliness, and her motions were more harmonious than the elegant
boundings of the fawns of her native forest.  I sometimes
expostulated with Perdita on the subject of her reserve; but she
rejected my counsels, while her daughter's sensibility excited in
her a tenderness still more passionate.

After the lapse of more than a year, Adrian returned from Greece.

When our exiles had first arrived, a truce was in existence between
the Turks and Greeks; a truce that was as sleep to the mortal
frame, signal of renewed activity on waking.  With the numerous
soldiers of Asia, with all of warlike stores, ships, and military
engines, that wealth and power could command, the Turks at once
resolved to crush an enemy, which creeping on by degrees, had from
their stronghold in the Morea, acquired Thrace and Macedonia, and
had led their armies even to the gates of Constantinople, while
their extensive commercial relations gave every European nation an
interest in their success.  Greece prepared for a vigorous
resistance; it rose to a man; and the women, sacrificing their
costly ornaments, accoutred their sons for the war, and bade them
conquer or die with the spirit of the Spartan mother.  The talents
and courage of Raymond were highly esteemed among the Greeks.  Born
at Athens, that city claimed him for her own, and by giving him the
command of her peculiar division in the army, the commander-in-
chief only possessed superior power.  He was numbered among her
citizens, his name was added to the list of Grecian heroes.  His
judgment, activity, and consummate bravery, justified their choice.
The Earl of Windsor became a volunteer under his friend.

"It is well," said Adrian, "to prate of war in these pleasant
shades, and with much ill-spent oil make a show of joy, because
many thousand of our fellow-creatures leave with pain this sweet
air and natal earth.  I shall not be suspected of being averse to
the Greek cause; I know and feel its necessity; it is beyond every
other a good cause.  I have defended it with my sword, and was
willing that my spirit should be breathed out in its defence;
freedom is of more worth than life, and the Greeks do well to
defend their privilege unto death.  But let us not deceive
ourselves.  The Turks are men; each fibre, each limb is as feeling
as our own, and every spasm, be it mental or bodily, is as truly
felt in a Turk's heart or brain, as in a Greek's.  The last action
at which I was present was the taking of ----.  The Turks resisted
to the last, the garrison perished on the ramparts, and we entered
by assault.  Every breathing creature within the walls was
massacred.  Think you, amidst the shrieks of violated innocence and
helpless infancy, I did not feel in every nerve the cry of a fellow
being?  They were men and women, the sufferers, before they were
Mohammedans, and when they rise turbanless from the grave, in what
except their good or evil actions will they be the better or worse
than we?  Two soldiers contended for a girl, whose rich dress and
extreme beauty excited the brutal appetites of these wretches, who,
perhaps good men among their families, were changed by the fury of
the moment into incarnated evils.  An old man, with a silver beard,
decrepit and bald, he might be her grandfather, interposed to save
her; the battle axe of one of them clove his skull.  I rushed to
her defence, but rage made them blind and deaf; they did not
distinguish my Christian garb or heed my words--words were blunt
weapons then, for while war cried 'havoc,' and murder gave fit
echo, how could I--

     Turn back the tide of ills, relieving wrong
     With mild accost of soothing eloquence?

One of the fellows, enraged at my interference, struck me with his
bayonet in the side, and I fell senseless.

"This wound will probably shorten my life, having shattered a
frame, weak of itself.  But I am content to die.  I have learnt in
Greece that one man, more or less, is of small import, while human
bodies remain to fill up the thinned ranks of the soldiery; and
that the identity of an individual may be overlooked, so that the
muster roll contain its full numbers.  All this has a different
effect upon Raymond.  He is able to contemplate the ideal of war,
while I am sensible only to its realities.  He is a soldier, a
general.  He can influence the blood-thirsty war-dogs, while I
resist their propensities vainly.  The cause is simple.  Burke has
said that, 'in all bodies those who would lead, must also, in a
considerable degree, follow.'--I cannot follow; for I do not
sympathize in their dreams of massacre and glory--to follow and to
lead in such a career, is the natural bent of Raymond's mind.  He
is always successful, and bids fair, at the same time that he
acquires high name and station for himself, to secure liberty,
probably extended empire, to the Greeks."

Perdita's mind was not softened by this account.  He, she thought,
can be great and happy without me.  Would that I also had a career!
Would that I could freight some untried bark with all my hopes,
energies, and desires, and launch it forth into the ocean of life--
bound for some attainable point, with ambition or pleasure at the
helm!  But adverse winds detain me on shore; like Ulysses, I sit at
the water's edge and weep.  But my nerveless hands can neither fell
the trees, nor smooth the planks.  Under the influence of these
melancholy thoughts, she became more than ever in love with sorrow.
Yet Adrian's presence did some good; he at once broke through the
law of silence observed concerning Raymond.  At first she started
from the unaccustomed sound; soon she got used to it and to love
it, and she listened with avidity to the account of his
achievements.  Clara got rid also of her restraint; Adrian and she
had been old playfellows; and now, as they walked or rode together,
he yielded to her earnest entreaty, and repeated, for the hundredth
time, some tale of her father's bravery, munificence, or justice.

Each vessel in the mean time brought exhilarating tidings from
Greece.  The presence of a friend in its armies and councils made
us enter into the details with enthusiasm; and a short letter now
and then from Raymond told us how he was engrossed by the interests
of his adopted country.  The Greeks were strongly attached to their
commercial pursuits, and would have been satisfied with their
present acquisitions, had not the Turks roused them by invasion.
The patriots were victorious; a spirit of conquest was instilled;
and already they looked on Constantinople as their own.  Raymond
rose perpetually in their estimation; but one man held a superior
command to him in their armies.  He was conspicuous for his conduct
and choice of position in a battle fought in the plains of Thrace,
on the banks of the Hebrus, which was to decide the fate of Islam.
The Mohammedans were defeated, and driven entirely from the country
west of this river.  The battle was sanguinary, the loss of the
Turks apparently irreparable; the Greeks, in losing one man, forgot
the nameless crowd strewed upon the bloody field, and they ceased
to value themselves on a victory, which cost them--Raymond.

At the battle of Makri he had led the charge of cavalry, and
pursued the fugitives even to the banks of the Hebrus.  His
favourite horse was found grazing by the margin of the tranquil
river.  It became a question whether he had fallen among the
unrecognised; but no broken ornament or stained trapping betrayed
his fate.  It was suspected that the Turks, finding themselves
possessed of so illustrious a captive, resolved to satisfy their
cruelty rather than their avarice, and fearful of the interference
of England, had come to the determination of concealing for ever
the cold-blooded murder of the soldier they most hated and feared
in the squadrons of their enemy.

Raymond was not forgotten in England.  His abdication of the
Protectorate had caused an unexampled sensation; and, when his
magnificent and manly system was contrasted with the narrow views
of succeeding politicians, the period of his elevation was referred
to with sorrow.  The perpetual recurrence of his name, joined to
most honourable testimonials, in the Greek gazettes, kept up the
interest he had excited.  He seemed the favourite child of fortune,
and his untimely loss eclipsed the world, and showed forth the
remnant of mankind with diminished lustre.  They clung with
eagerness to the hope held out that he might yet be alive.  Their
minister at Constantinople was urged to make the necessary
perquisitions, and should his existence be ascertained, to demand
his release.  It was to be hoped that their efforts would succeed,
and that though now a prisoner, the sport of cruelty and the mark
of hate, he would be rescued from danger and restored to the
happiness, power, and honour which he deserved.

The effect of this intelligence upon my sister was striking.  She
never for a moment credited the story of his death; she resolved
instantly to go to Greece.  Reasoning and persuasion were thrown
away upon her; she would endure no hindrance, no delay.  It may be
advanced for a truth, that, if argument or entreaty can turn any
one from a desperate purpose, whose motive and end depends on the
strength of the affections only, then it is right so to turn them,
since their docility shows that neither the motive nor the end were
of sufficient force to bear them through the obstacles attendant on
their undertaking.  If, on the contrary, they are proof against
expostulation, this very steadiness is an omen of success; and it
becomes the duty of those who love them, to assist in smoothing the
obstructions in their path.  Such sentiments actuated our little
circle.  Finding Perdita immoveable, we consulted as to the best
means of furthering her purpose.  She could not go alone to a
country where she had no friends, where she might arrive only to
hear the dreadful news, which must overwhelm her with grief and
remorse.  Adrian, whose health had always been weak, now suffered
considerable aggravation of suffering from the effects of his
wound.  Idris could not endure to leave him in this state; nor was
it right either to quit or take with us a young family for a
journey of this description.  I resolved at length to accompany
Perdita.  The separation from my Idris was painful--but necessity
reconciled us to it in some degree: necessity and the hope of
saving Raymond, and restoring him again to happiness and Perdita.
No delay was to ensue.  Two days after we came to our determination,
we set out for Portsmouth, and embarked.  The season was May, the
weather stormless; we were promised a prosperous voyage.  Cherishing
the most fervent hopes, embarked on the waste ocean, we saw with
delight the receding shore of Britain, and on the wings of desire
outspeeded our well filled sails towards the South.  The light
curling waves bore us onward, and old ocean smiled at the freight of
love and hope committed to his charge; it stroked gently its
tempestuous plains, and the path was smoothed for us.  Day and night
the wind right aft, gave steady impulse to our keel--nor did rough
gale, or treacherous sand, or destructive rock interpose an obstacle
between my sister and the land which was to restore her to her first

     Her dear heart's confessor--a heart within that heart.


During this voyage, when on calm evenings we conversed on deck,
watching the glancing of the waves and the changeful appearances of
the sky, I discovered the total revolution that the disasters of
Raymond had wrought in the mind of my sister.  Were they the same
waters of love, which, lately cold and cutting as ice, repelling as
that, now loosened from their frozen chains, flowed through the
regions of her soul in gushing and grateful exuberance?  She did
not believe that he was dead, but she knew that he was in danger,
and the hope of assisting in his liberation, and the idea of
soothing by tenderness the ills that he might have undergone,
elevated and harmonized the late jarring element of her being.  I
was not so sanguine as she as to the result of our voyage.  She was
not sanguine, but secure; and the expectation of seeing the lover
she had banished, the husband, friend, heart's companion from whom
she had long been alienated, wrapt her senses in delight, her mind
in placidity.  It was beginning life again; it was leaving barren
sands for an abode of fertile beauty; it was a harbour after a
tempest, an opiate after sleepless nights, a happy waking from a
terrible dream.

Little Clara accompanied us; the poor child did not well understand
what was going forward.  She heard that we were bound for Greece,
that she would see her father, and now, for the first time, she
prattled of him to her mother.

On landing at Athens we found difficulties increase upon us: nor
could the storied earth or balmy atmosphere inspire us with
enthusiasm or pleasure, while the fate of Raymond was in jeopardy.
No man had ever excited so strong an interest in the public mind;
this was apparent even among the phlegmatic English, from whom he
had long been absent.  The Athenians had expected their hero to
return in triumph; the women had taught their children to lisp his
name joined to thanksgiving; his manly beauty, his courage, his
devotion to their cause, made him appear in their eyes almost as
one of the ancient deities of the soil descended from their native
Olympus to defend them.  When they spoke of his probable death and
certain captivity, tears streamed from their eyes; even as the
women of Syria sorrowed for Adonis, did the wives and mothers of
Greece lament our English Raymond--Athens was a city of mourning.

All these shows of despair struck Perdita with affright.  With that
sanguine but confused expectation, which desire engendered while
she was at a distance from reality, she had formed an image in her
mind of instantaneous change, when she should set her foot on
Grecian shores.  She fancied that Raymond would already be free,
and that her tender attentions would come to entirely obliterate
even the memory of his mischance.  But his fate was still
uncertain; she began to fear the worst, and to feel that her soul's
hope was cast on a chance that might prove a blank.  The wife and
lovely child of Lord Raymond became objects of intense interest in
Athens.  The gates of their abode were besieged, audible prayers
were breathed for his restoration; all these circumstances added to
the dismay and fears of Perdita.

My exertions were unremitted: after a time I left Athens, and
joined the army stationed at Kishan in Thrace.  Bribery, threats,
and intrigue, soon discovered the secret that Raymond was alive, a
prisoner, suffering the most rigorous confinement and wanton
cruelties.  We put in movement every impulse of policy and money to
redeem him from their hands.

The impatience of my sister's disposition now returned on her,
awakened by repentance, sharpened by remorse.  The very beauty of
the Grecian climate, during the season of spring, added torture to
her sensations.  The unexampled loveliness of the flower-clad earth--
the genial sunshine and grateful shade--the melody of the birds--
the majesty of the woods--the splendour of the marble ruins--the
clear effulgence of the stars by night--the combination of all that
was exciting and voluptuous in this transcending land, by inspiring
a quicker spirit of life and an added sensitiveness to every
articulation of her frame, only gave edge to the poignancy of her
grief.  Each long hour was counted, and "He suffers" was the
burthen of all her thoughts.  She abstained from food; she lay on
the bare earth, and, by such mimicry of his enforced torments,
endeavoured to hold communion with his distant pain.  I remembered
in one of her harshest moments a quotation of mine had roused her
to anger and disdain.  "Perdita," I had said, "some day you will
discover that you have done wrong in again casting Raymond on the
thorns of life.  When disappointment has sullied his beauty, when a
soldier's hardships have bent his manly form, and loneliness made
even triumph bitter to him, then you will repent; and regret for
the irreparable change

               "will move
     In hearts all rocky now, the late remorse of love."*

* Byron's Childe Harolde, Canto IV.

The stinging "remorse of love" now pierced her heart.  She accused
herself of his journey to Greece--his dangers--his imprisonment.
She pictured to herself the anguish of his solitude; she remembered
with what eager delight he had in former days made her the partner
of his joyful hopes--with what grateful affection he received her
sympathy in his cares.  She called to mind how often he had
declared that solitude was to him the greatest of all evils, and
how death itself was to him more full of fear and pain when he
pictured to himself a lonely grave.  "My best girl," he had said,
"relieves me from these phantasies.  United to her, cherished in
her dear heart, never again shall I know the misery of finding
myself alone.  Even if I die before you, my Perdita, treasure up my
ashes till yours may mingle with mine.  It is a foolish sentiment
for one who is not a materialist, yet, methinks, even in that dark
cell, I may feel that my inanimate dust mingles with yours, and
thus have a companion in decay."  In her resentful mood, these
expressions had been remembered with acrimony and disdain; they
visited her in her softened hour, taking sleep from her eyes, all
hope of rest from her uneasy mind.

Two months passed thus, when at last we obtained a promise of
Raymond's release.  Confinement and hardship had undermined his
health; the Turks feared an accomplishment of the threats of the
English government, if he died under their hands; they looked upon
his recovery as impossible; they delivered him up as a dying man,
willingly making over to us the rites of burial.

He came by sea from Constantinople to Athens.  The wind, favourable
to him, blew so strongly in shore, that we were unable, as we had
at first intended, to meet him on his watery road.  The watchtower
of Athens was besieged by inquirers, each sail eagerly looked out
for; till on the first of May the gallant frigate bore in sight,
freighted with treasure more invaluable than the wealth which,
piloted from Mexico, the vexed Pacific swallowed, or that was
conveyed over its tranquil bosom to enrich the crown of Spain.  At
early dawn the vessel was discovered bearing in shore; it was
conjectured that it would cast anchor about five miles from land.

The news spread through Athens, and the whole city poured out at
the gate of the Pirus, down the roads, through the vineyards, the
olive woods and plantations of fig-trees, towards the harbour.  The
noisy joy of the populace, the gaudy colours of their dress, the
tumult of carriages and horses, the march of soldiers intermixed,
the waving of banners and sound of martial music added to the high
excitement of the scene; while round us reposed in solemn majesty
the relics of ancient time.  To our right the Acropolis rose high,
spectatress of a thousand changes, of ancient glory, Turkish
slavery, and the restoration of dear-bought liberty; tombs and
cenotaphs were strewed thick around, adorned by ever renewing
vegetation; the mighty dead hovered over their monuments, and
beheld in our enthusiasm and congregated numbers a renewal of the
scenes in which they had been the actors.  Perdita and Clara rode
in a close carriage; I attended them on horseback.  At length we
arrived at the harbour; it was agitated by the outward swell of the
sea; the beach, as far could be discerned, was covered by a moving
multitude, which, urged by those behind toward the sea, again
rushed back as the heavy waves with sullen roar burst close to
them.  I applied my glass, and could discern that the frigate had
already cast anchor, fearful of the danger of approaching nearer to
a lee shore: a boat was lowered; with a pang I saw that Raymond was
unable to descend the vessel's side; he was let down in a chair,
and lay wrapt in cloaks at the bottom of the boat.

I dismounted, and called to some sailors who were rowing about the
harbour to pull up, and take me into their skiff; Perdita at the
same moment alighted from her carriage--she seized my arm--"Take me
with you," she cried; she was trembling and pale; Clara clung to
her--"You must not," I said, "the sea is rough--he will soon be
here--do you not see his boat?"  The little bark to which I had
beckoned had now pulled up; before I could stop her, Perdita,
assisted by the sailors was in it--Clara followed her mother--a
loud shout echoed from the crowd as we pulled out of the inner
harbour; while my sister at the prow, had caught hold of one of the
men who was using a glass, asking a thousand questions, careless of
the spray that broke over her, deaf, sightless to all, except the
little speck that, just visible on the top of the waves, evidently
neared.  We approached with all the speed six rowers could give;
the orderly and picturesque dress of the soldiers on the beach, the
sounds of exulting music, the stirring breeze and waving flags, the
unchecked exclamations of the eager crowd, whose dark looks and
foreign garb were purely eastern; the sight of temple-crowned rock,
the white marble of the buildings glittering in the sun, and
standing in bright relief against the dark ridge of lofty mountains
beyond; the near roar of the sea, the splash of oars, and dash of
spray, all steeped my soul in a delirium, unfelt, unimagined in the
common course of common life.  Trembling, I was unable to continue
to look through the glass with which I had watched the motion of
the crew, when the frigate's boat had first been launched.  We
rapidly drew near, so that at length the number and forms of those
within could be discerned; its dark sides grew big, and the splash
of its oars became audible: I could distinguish the languid form of
my friend, as he half raised himself at our approach.

Perdita's questions had ceased; she leaned on my arm, panting with
emotions too acute for tears--our men pulled alongside the other
boat.  As a last effort, my sister mustered her strength, her
firmness; she stepped from one boat to the other, and then with a
shriek she sprang towards Raymond, knelt at his side, and gluing
her lips to the hand she seized, her face shrouded by her long
hair, gave herself up to tears.

Raymond had somewhat raised himself at our approach, but it was
with difficulty that he exerted himself even thus much.  With
sunken cheek and hollow eyes, pale and gaunt, how could I recognize
the beloved of Perdita?  I continued awe-struck and mute--he looked
smilingly on the poor girl; the smile was his.  A day of sunshine
falling on a dark valley, displays its before hidden characteristics;
and now this smile, the same with which he first spoke love to
Perdita, with which he had welcomed the protectorate, playing on his
altered countenance, made me in my heart's core feel that this was

He stretched out to me his other hand; I discerned the trace of
manacles on his bared wrist.  I heard my sister's sobs, and
thought, happy are women who can weep, and in a passionate caress
disburden the oppression of their feelings; shame and habitual
restraint hold back a man.  I would have given worlds to have acted
as in days of boyhood, have strained him to my breast, pressed his
hand to my lips, and wept over him; my swelling heart choked me;
the natural current would not be checked; the big rebellious tears
gathered in my eyes; I turned aside, and they dropped in the sea--
they came fast and faster;--yet I could hardly be ashamed, for I
saw that the rough sailors were not unmoved, and Raymond's eyes
alone were dry from among our crew.  He lay in that blessed calm
which convalescence always induces, enjoying in secure tranquillity
his liberty and re-union with her whom he adored.  Perdita at
length subdued her burst of passion, and rose,--she looked round
for Clara; the child frightened, not recognizing her father, and
neglected by us, had crept to the other end of the boat; she came
at her mother's call.  Perdita presented her to Raymond; her first
words were:  "Beloved, embrace our child."  "Come hither, sweet
one," said her father, "do you not know me?"  She knew his voice,
and cast herself in his arms with half bashful but uncontrollable

Perceiving the weakness of Raymond, I was afraid of ill
consequences from the pressure of the crowd on his landing.  But
they were awed as I had been, at the change of his appearance.  The
music died away, the shouts abruptly ended; the soldiers had
cleared a space in which a carriage was drawn up.  He was placed in
it; Perdita and Clara entered with him, and his escort closed round
it; a hollow murmur, akin to the roaring of the near waves, went
through the multitude; they fell back as the carriage advanced, and
fearful of injuring him they had come to welcome, by loud
testimonies of joy, they satisfied themselves with bending in a low
salaam as the carriage passed; it went slowly along the road of the
Piraeus; passed by antique temple and heroic tomb, beneath the
craggy rock of the citadel.  The sound of the waves was left
behind; that of the multitude continued at intervals, suppressed
and hoarse; and though, in the city, the houses, churches, and
public buildings were decorated with tapestry and banners--though
the soldiery lined the streets, and the inhabitants in thousands
were assembled to give him hail, the same solemn silence prevailed,
the soldiery presented arms, the banners vailed, many a white hand
waved a streamer, and vainly sought to discern the hero in the
vehicle, which, closed and encompassed by the city guards, drew him
to the palace allotted for his abode.

Raymond was weak and exhausted, yet the interest he perceived to be
excited on his account, filled him with proud pleasure.  He was
nearly killed with kindness.  It is true, the populace retained
themselves; but there arose a perpetual hum and bustle from the
throng round the palace, which added to the noise of fireworks, the
frequent explosion of arms, the tramp to and fro of horsemen and
carriages, to which effervescence he was the focus, retarded his
recovery.  So we retired awhile to Eleusis, and here rest and
tender care added each day to the strength of our invalid.  The
zealous attention of Perdita claimed the first rank in the causes
which induced his rapid recovery; but the second was surely the
delight he felt in the affection and good will of the Greeks.  We
are said to love much those whom we greatly benefit.  Raymond had
fought and conquered for the Athenians; he had suffered, on their
account, peril, imprisonment, and hardship; their gratitude
affected him deeply, and he inly vowed to unite his fate for ever
to that of a people so enthusiastically devoted to him.

Social feeling and sympathy constituted a marked feature in my
disposition.  In early youth, the living drama acted around me,
drew me heart and soul into its vortex.  I was now conscious of a
change.  I loved, I hoped, I enjoyed; but there was something
besides this.  I was inquisitive as to the internal principles of
action of those around me: anxious to read their thoughts justly,
and for ever occupied in divining their inmost mind.  All events,
at the same time that they deeply interested me, arranged
themselves in pictures before me.  I gave the right place to every
personage in the group, the just balance to every sentiment.  This
undercurrent of thought, often soothed me amidst distress, and even
agony.  It gave ideality to that, from which, taken in naked truth,
the soul would have revolted: it bestowed pictorial colours on
misery and disease, and not unfrequently relieved me from despair
in deplorable changes.  This faculty, or instinct, was now roused.
I watched the re-awakened devotion of my sister; Clara's timid, but
concentrated admiration of her father, and Raymond's appetite for
renown, and sensitiveness to the demonstrations of affection of the
Athenians.  Attentively perusing this animated volume, I was the
less surprised at the tale I read on the new-turned page.

The Turkish army were at this time besieging Rodosto; and the
Greeks, hastening their preparations, and sending each day
reinforcements, were on the eve of forcing the enemy to battle.
Each people looked on the coming struggle as that which would be to
a great degree decisive; as, in case of victory, the next step
would be the siege of Constantinople by the Greeks.  Raymond, being
somewhat recovered, prepared to re-assume his command in the army.

Perdita did not oppose herself to his determination.  She only
stipulated to be permitted to accompany him.  She had set down no
rule of conduct for herself; but for her life she could not have
opposed his slightest wish, or do other than acquiesce cheerfully
in all his projects.  One word, in truth, had alarmed her more than
battles or sieges, during which she trusted Raymond's high command
would exempt him from danger.  That word, as yet it was not more to
her, was PLAGUE.  This enemy to the human race had begun early in
June to raise its serpent-head on the shores of the Nile; parts of
Asia, not usually subject to this evil, were infected.  It was in
Constantinople; but as each year that city experienced a like
visitation, small attention was paid to those accounts which
declared more people to have died there already, than usually made
up the accustomed prey of the whole of the hotter months.  However
it might be, neither plague nor war could prevent Perdita from
following her lord, or induce her to utter one objection to the
plans which he proposed.  To be near him, to be loved by him, to
feel him again her own, was the limit of her desires.  The object
of her life was to do him pleasure: it had been so before, but with
a difference.  In past times, without thought or foresight she had
made him happy, being so herself, and in any question of choice,
consulted her own wishes, as being one with his.  Now she
sedulously put herself out of the question, sacrificing even her
anxiety for his health and welfare to her resolve not to oppose any
of his desires.  Love of the Greek people, appetite for glory, and
hatred of the barbarian government under which he had suffered even
to the approach of death, stimulated him.  He wished to repay the
kindness of the Athenians, to keep alive the splendid associations
connected with his name, and to eradicate from Europe a power
which, while every other nation advanced in civilization, stood
still, a monument of antique barbarism.  Having effected the
reunion of Raymond and Perdita, I was eager to return to England;
but his earnest request, added to awakening curiosity, and an
indefinable anxiety to behold the catastrophe, now apparently at
hand, in the long drawn history of Grecian and Turkish warfare,
induced me to consent to prolong until the autumn, the period of my
residence in Greece.

As soon as the health of Raymond was sufficiently re-established,
he prepared to join the Grecian camp, near Kishan, a town of some
importance, situated to the east of the Hebrus; in which Perdita
and Clara were to remain until the event of the expected battle.
We quitted Athens on the 2nd of June.  Raymond had recovered from
the gaunt and pallid looks of fever.  If I no longer saw the fresh
glow of youth on his matured countenance, if care had besieged his

     "And dug deep trenches in his beauty's field,"*

* Shakepeare's Sonnets.

if his hair, slightly mingled with grey, and his look, considerate
even in its eagerness, gave signs of added years and past
sufferings, yet there was something irresistibly affecting in the
sight of one, lately snatched from the grave, renewing his career,
untamed by sickness or disaster.  The Athenians saw in him, not as
heretofore, the heroic boy or desperate man, who was ready to die
for them; but the prudent commander, who for their sakes was
careful of his life, and could make his own warrior-propensities
second to the scheme of conduct policy might point out.

All Athens accompanied us for several miles.  When he had landed a
month ago, the noisy populace had been hushed by sorrow and fear;
but this was a festival day to all.  The air resounded with their
shouts; their picturesque costume, and the gay colours of which it
was composed, flaunted in the sunshine; their eager gestures and
rapid utterance accorded with their wild appearance.  Raymond was
the theme of every tongue, the hope of each wife, mother or
betrothed bride, whose husband, child, or lover, making a part of
the Greek army, were to be conducted to victory by him.

Notwithstanding the hazardous object of our journey, it was full of
romantic interest, as we passed through the valleys, and over the
hills, of this divine country.  Raymond was inspirited by the
intense sensations of recovered health; he felt that in being
general of the Athenians, he filled a post worthy of his ambition;
and, in his hope of the conquest of Constantinople, he counted on
an event which would be as a landmark in the waste of ages, an
exploit unequalled in the annals of man; when a city of grand
historic association, the beauty of whose site was the wonder of
the world, which for many hundred years had been the strong hold of
the Moslems, should be rescued from slavery and barbarism, and
restored to a people illustrious for genius, civilization, and a
spirit of liberty.  Perdita rested on his restored society, on his
love, his hopes and fame, even as a Sybarite on a luxurious couch;
every thought was transport, each emotion bathed as it were in a
congenial and balmy element.

We arrived at Kishan on the 7th of July.  The weather during our
journey had been serene.  Each day, before dawn, we left our
night's encampment, and watched the shadows as they retreated from
hill and valley, and the golden splendour of the sun's approach.
The accompanying soldiers received, with national vivacity,
enthusiastic pleasure from the sight of beautiful nature.  The
uprising of the star of day was hailed by triumphant strains, while
the birds, heard by snatches, filled up the intervals of the music.
At noon, we pitched our tents in some shady valley, or embowering
wood among the mountains, while a stream prattling over pebbles
induced grateful sleep.  Our evening march, more calm, was yet more
delightful than the morning restlessness of spirit.  If the band
played, involuntarily they chose airs of moderated passion; the
farewell of love, or lament at absence, was followed and closed by
some solemn hymn, which harmonized with the tranquil loveliness of
evening, and elevated the soul to grand and religious thought.
Often all sounds were suspended, that we might listen to the
nightingale, while the fire-flies danced in bright measure, and the
soft cooing of the aziolo spoke of fair weather to the travellers.
Did we pass a valley?  Soft shades encompassed us, and rocks tinged
with beauteous hues.  If we traversed a mountain, Greece, a living
map, was spread beneath, her renowned pinnacles cleaving the ether;
her rivers threading in silver line the fertile land.  Afraid
almost to breathe, we English travellers surveyed with ecstasy this
splendid landscape, so different from the sober hues and melancholy
graces of our native scenery.  When we quitted Macedonia, the
fertile but low plains of Thrace afforded fewer beauties; yet our
journey continued to be interesting.  An advanced guard gave
information of our approach, and the country people were quickly in
motion to do honour to Lord Raymond.  The villages were decorated
by triumphal arches of greenery by day, and lamps by night;
tapestry waved from the windows, the ground was strewed with
flowers, and the name of Raymond, joined to that of Greece, was
echoed in the Evive of the peasant crowd.

When we arrived at Kishan, we learnt, that on hearing of the
advance of Lord Raymond and his detachment, the Turkish army had
retreated from Rodosto; but meeting with a reinforcement, they had
re-trod their steps.  In the meantime, Argyropylo, the Greek
commander-in-chief, had advanced, so as to be between the Turks and
Rodosto; a battle, it was said, was inevitable.  Perdita and her
child were to remain at Kishan.  Raymond asked me, if I would not
continue with them.  "Now by the fells of Cumberland," I cried, "by
all of the vagabond and poacher that appertains to me, I will stand
at your side, draw my sword in the Greek cause, and be hailed as a
victor along with you!"

All the plain, from Kishan to Rodosto, a distance of sixteen
leagues, was alive with troops, or with the camp-followers, all in
motion at the approach of a battle.  The small garrisons were drawn
from the various towns and fortresses, and went to swell the main
army.  We met baggage waggons, and many females of high and low
rank returning to Fairy or Kishan, there to wait the issue of the
expected day.  When we arrived at Rodosto, we found that the field
had been taken, and the scheme of the battle arranged.  The sound
of firing, early on the following morning, informed us that
advanced posts of the armies were engaged.  Regiment after regiment
advanced, their colours flying and bands playing.  They planted the
cannon on the tumuli, sole elevations in this level country, and
formed themselves into column and hollow square; while the pioneers
threw up small mounds for their protection.

These then were the preparations for a battle, nay, the battle
itself; far different from any thing the imagination had pictured.
We read of centre and wing in Greek and Roman history; we fancy a
spot, plain as a table, and soldiers small as chessmen; and drawn
forth, so that the most ignorant of the game can discover science
and order in the disposition of the forces.  When I came to the
reality, and saw regiments file off to the left far out of sight,
fields intervening between the battalions, but a few troops
sufficiently near me to observe their motions, I gave up all idea
of understanding, even of seeing a battle, but attaching myself to
Raymond attended with intense interest to his actions.  He showed
himself collected, gallant and imperial; his commands were prompt,
his intuition of the events of the day to me miraculous.  In the
mean time the cannon roared; the music lifted up its enlivening
voice at intervals; and we on the highest of the mounds I
mentioned, too far off to observe the fallen sheaves which death
gathered into his storehouse, beheld the regiments, now lost in
smoke, now banners and staves peering above the cloud, while shout
and clamour drowned every sound.

Early in the day, Argyropylo was wounded dangerously, and Raymond
assumed the command of the whole army.  He made few remarks, till,
on observing through his glass the sequel of an order he had given,
his face, clouded for awhile with doubt, became radiant.  "The day
is ours," he cried, "the Turks fly from the bayonet."  And then
swiftly he dispatched his aides-de-camp to command the horse to
fall on the routed enemy.  The defeat became total; the cannon
ceased to roar; the infantry rallied, and horse pursued the flying
Turks along the dreary plain; the staff of Raymond was dispersed in
various directions, to make observations, and bear commands.  Even
I was dispatched to a distant part of the field.

The ground on which the battle was fought, was a level plain--so
level, that from the tumuli you saw the waving line of mountains on
the wide-stretched horizon; yet the intervening space was unvaried
by the least irregularity, save such undulations as resembled the
waves of the sea.  The whole of this part of Thrace had been so
long a scene of contest, that it had remained uncultivated, and
presented a dreary, barren appearance.  The order I had received,
was to make an observation of the direction which a detachment of
the enemy might have taken, from a northern tumulus; the whole
Turkish army, followed by the Greek, had poured eastward; none but
the dead remained in the direction of my side.  From the top of the
mound, I looked far round--all was silent and deserted.

The last beams of the nearly sunken sun shot up from behind the far
summit of Mount Athos; the sea of Marmora still glittered beneath
its rays, while the Asiatic coast beyond was half hid in a haze of
low cloud.  Many a casque, and bayonet, and sword, fallen from
unnerved arms, reflected the departing ray; they lay scattered far
and near.  From the east, a band of ravens, old inhabitants of the
Turkish cemeteries, came sailing along towards their harvest; the
sun disappeared.  This hour, melancholy yet sweet, has always
seemed to me the time when we are most naturally led to commune
with higher powers; our mortal sternness departs, and gentle
complacency invests the soul.  But now, in the midst of the dying
and the dead, how could a thought of heaven or a sensation of
tranquillity possess one of the murderers?  During the busy day, my
mind had yielded itself a willing slave to the state of things
presented to it by its fellow-beings; historical association,
hatred of the foe, and military enthusiasm had held dominion over
me.  Now, I looked on the evening star, as softly and calmly it
hung pendulous in the orange hues of sunset.  I turned to the corse-
strewn earth; and felt ashamed of my species.  So perhaps were the
placid skies; for they quickly veiled themselves in mist, and in
this change assisted the swift disappearance of twilight usual in
the south; heavy masses of cloud floated up from the south east,
and red and turbid lightning shot from their dark edges; the
rushing wind disturbed the garments of the dead, and was chilled as
it passed over their icy forms.  Darkness gathered round; the
objects about me became indistinct, I descended from my station,
and with difficulty guided my horse, so as to avoid the slain.

Suddenly I heard a piercing shriek; a form seemed to rise from the
earth; it flew swiftly towards me, sinking to the ground again as
it drew near.  All this passed so suddenly, that I with difficulty
reined in my horse, so that it should not trample on the prostrate
being.  The dress of this person was that of a soldier, but the
bared neck and arms, and the continued shrieks discovered a female
thus disguised.  I dismounted to her aid, while she, with heavy
groans, and her hand placed on her side, resisted my attempt to
lead her on.  In the hurry of the moment I forgot that I was in
Greece, and in my native accents endeavoured to soothe the
sufferer.  With wild and terrific exclamations did the lost, dying
Evadne (for it was she) recognize the language of her lover; pain
and fever from her wound had deranged her intellects, while her
piteous cries and feeble efforts to escape, penetrated me with
compassion.  In wild delirium she called upon the name of Raymond;
she exclaimed that I was keeping him from her, while the Turks with
fearful instruments of torture were about to take his life.  Then
again she sadly lamented her hard fate; that a woman, with a
woman's heart and sensibility, should be driven by hopeless love
and vacant hopes to take up the trade of arms, and suffer beyond
the endurance of man privation, labour, and pain--the while her
dry, hot hand pressed mine, and her brow and lips burned with
consuming fire.

As her strength grew less, I lifted her from the ground; her
emaciated form hung over my arm, her sunken cheek rested on my
breast; in a sepulchral voice she murmured:--"This is the end of
love!--Yet not the end!"--and frenzy lent her strength as she cast
her arm up to heaven:  "there is the end! there we meet again.
Many living deaths have I borne for thee, O Raymond, and now I
expire, thy victim!--By my death I purchase thee--lo! the
instruments of war, fire, the plague are my servitors.  I dared, I
conquered them all, till now!  I have sold myself to death, with
the sole condition that thou shouldst follow me--Fire, and war, and
plague, unite for thy destruction--O my Raymond, there is no safety
for thee!"

With a heavy heart I listened to the changes of her delirium; I
made her a bed of cloaks; her violence decreased and a clammy dew
stood on her brow as the paleness of death succeeded to the crimson
of fever, I placed her on the cloaks.  She continued to rave of her
speedy meeting with her beloved in the grave, of his death nigh at
hand; sometimes she solemnly declared that he was summoned;
sometimes she bewailed his hard destiny.  Her voice grew feebler,
her speech interrupted; a few convulsive movements, and her muscles
relaxed, the limbs fell, no more to be sustained, one deep sigh,
and life was gone.

I bore her from the near neighbourhood of the dead; wrapt in
cloaks, I placed her beneath a tree.  Once more I looked on her
altered face; the last time I saw her she was eighteen; beautiful
as poet's vision, splendid as a Sultana of the East--Twelve years
had past; twelve years of change, sorrow and hardship; her
brilliant complexion had become worn and dark, her limbs had lost
the roundness of youth and womanhood; her eyes had sunk deep,

        Crushed and o'erworn,
     The hours had drained her blood, and filled her brow
     With lines and wrinkles.

With shuddering horror I veiled this monument of human passion and
human misery; I heaped over her all of flags and heavy accoutrements
I could find, to guard her from birds and beasts of prey, until I
could bestow on her a fitting grave.  Sadly and slowly I stemmed my
course from among the heaps of slain, and, guided by the twinkling
lights of the town, at length reached Rodosto.


On my arrival, I found that an order had already gone forth for the
army to proceed immediately towards Constantinople; and the troops
which had suffered least in the battle were already on their way.
The town was full of tumult.  The wound, and consequent inability
of Argyropylo, caused Raymond to be the first in command.  He rode
through the town, visiting the wounded, and giving such orders as
were necessary for the siege he meditated.  Early in the morning
the whole army was in motion.  In the hurry I could hardly find an
opportunity to bestow the last offices on Evadne.  Attended only by
my servant, I dug a deep grave for her at the foot of the tree, and
without disturbing her warrior shroud, I placed her in it, heaping
stones upon the grave.  The dazzling sun and glare of daylight,
deprived the scene of solemnity; from Evadne's low tomb, I joined
Raymond and his staff, now on their way to the Golden City.

Constantinople was invested, trenches dug, and advances made.  The
whole Greek fleet blockaded it by sea; on land from the river Kyat
Kbanah, near the Sweet Waters, to the Tower of Marmora, on the
shores of the Propontis, along the whole line of the ancient walls,
the trenches of the siege were drawn.  We already possessed Pera;
the Golden Horn itself, the city, bastioned by the sea, and the ivy-
mantled walls of the Greek emperors was all of Europe that the
Mohammedans could call theirs.  Our army looked on her as certain
prey.  They counted the garrison; it was impossible that it should
be relieved; each sally was a victory; for, even when the Turks
were triumphant, the loss of men they sustained was an irreparable

I rode one morning with Raymond to the lofty mound, not far from
the Top Kapou, (Cannon-gate), on which Mahmoud planted his
standard, and first saw the city.  Still the same lofty domes and
minarets towered above the verdurous walls, where Constantine had
died, and the Turk had entered the city.  The plain around was
interspersed with cemeteries, Turk, Greek, and Armenian, with their
growth of cypress trees; and other woods of more cheerful aspect,
diversified the scene.  Among them the Greek army was encamped, and
their squadrons moved to and fro--now in regular march, now in
swift career.

Raymond's eyes were fixed on the city.  "I have counted the hours
of her life," said he; "one month, and she falls.  Remain with me
till then; wait till you see the cross on St. Sophia; and then
return to your peaceful glades."

"You then," I asked, "still remain in Greece?"

"Assuredly," replied Raymond.  "Yet Lionel, when I say this,
believe me I look back with regret to our tranquil life at Windsor.
I am but half a soldier; I love the renown, but not the trade of
war.  Before the battle of Rodosto I was full of hope and spirit;
to conquer there, and afterwards to take Constantinople, was the
hope, the bourne, the fulfilment of my ambition.  This enthusiasm
is now spent, I know not why; I seem to myself to be entering a
darksome gulf; the ardent spirit of the army is irksome to me, the
rapture of triumph null."

He paused, and was lost in thought.  His serious mien recalled, by
some association, the half-forgotten Evadne to my mind, and I
seized this opportunity to make inquiries from him concerning her
strange lot.  I asked him, if he had ever seen among the troops any
one resembling her; if since he had returned to Greece he had heard
of her?

He started at her name,--he looked uneasily on me.  "Even so," he
cried, "I knew you would speak of her.  Long, long I had forgotten
her.  Since our encampment here, she daily, hourly visits my
thoughts.  When I am addressed, her name is the sound I expect: in
every communication, I imagine that she will form a part.  At
length you have broken the spell; tell me what you know of her."

I related my meeting with her; the story of her death was told and
re-told.  With painful earnestness he questioned me concerning her
prophecies with regard to him.  I treated them as the ravings of a
maniac.  "No, no," he said, "do not deceive yourself,--me you
cannot.  She has said nothing but what I knew before--though this
is confirmation.  Fire, the sword, and plague!  They may all be
found in yonder city; on my head alone may they fall!"

From this day Raymond's melancholy increased.  He secluded himself
as much as the duties of his station permitted.  When in company,
sadness would in spite of every effort steal over his features, and
he sat absent and mute among the busy crowd that thronged about
him.  Perdita rejoined him, and before her he forced himself to
appear cheerful, for she, even as a mirror, changed as he changed,
and if he were silent and anxious, she solicitously inquired
concerning, and endeavoured to remove the cause of his seriousness.
She resided at the palace of Sweet Waters, a summer seraglio of the
Sultan; the beauty of the surrounding scenery, undefiled by war,
and the freshness of the river, made this spot doubly delightful.
Raymond felt no relief, received no pleasure from any show of
heaven or earth.  He often left Perdita, to wander in the grounds
alone; or in a light shallop he floated idly on the pure waters,
musing deeply.  Sometimes I joined him; at such times his
countenance was invariably solemn, his air dejected.  He seemed
relieved on seeing me, and would talk with some degree of interest
on the affairs of the day.  There was evidently something behind
all this; yet, when he appeared about to speak of that which was
nearest his heart, he would abruptly turn away, and with a sigh
endeavour to deliver the painful idea to the winds.

It had often occurred, that, when, as I said, Raymond quitted
Perdita's drawing-room, Clara came up to me, and gently drawing me
aside, said, "Papa is gone; shall we go to him?  I dare say he will
be glad to see you."  And, as accident permitted, I complied with
or refused her request.  One evening a numerous assembly of Greek
chieftains were gathered together in the palace.  The intriguing
Palli, the accomplished Karazza, the warlike Ypsilanti, were among
the principal.  They talked of the events of the day; the skirmish
at noon; the diminished numbers of the Infidels; their defeat and
flight: they contemplated, after a short interval of time, the
capture of the Golden City.  They endeavoured to picture forth what
would then happen, and spoke in lofty terms of the prosperity of
Greece, when Constantinople should become its capital.  The
conversation then reverted to Asiatic intelligence, and the ravages
the plague made in its chief cities; conjectures were hazarded as
to the progress that disease might have made in the besieged city.

Raymond had joined in the former part of the discussion.  In lively
terms he demonstrated the extremities to which Constantinople was
reduced; the wasted and haggard, though ferocious appearance of the
troops; famine and pestilence was at work for them, he observed,
and the infidels would soon be obliged to take refuge in their only
hope--submission.  Suddenly in the midst of his harangue he broke
off, as if stung by some painful thought; he rose uneasily, and I
perceived him at length quit the hall, and through the long
corridor seek the open air.  He did not return; and soon Clara
crept round to me, making the accustomed invitation.  I consented
to her request, and taking her little hand, followed Raymond.  We
found him just about to embark in his boat, and he readily agreed
to receive us as companions.  After the heats of the day, the
cooling land-breeze ruffled the river, and filled our little sail.
The city looked dark to the south, while numerous lights along the
near shores, and the beautiful aspect of the banks reposing in
placid night, the waters keenly reflecting the heavenly lights,
gave to this beauteous river a dower of loveliness that might have
characterised a retreat in Paradise.  Our single boatman attended
to the sail; Raymond steered; Clara sat at his feet, clasping his
knees with her arms, and laying her head on them.  Raymond began
the conversation somewhat abruptly.

"This, my friend, is probably the last time we shall have an
opportunity of conversing freely; my plans are now in full
operation, and my time will become more and more occupied.
Besides, I wish at once to tell you my wishes and expectations, and
then never again to revert to so painful a subject.  First, I must
thank you, Lionel, for having remained here at my request.  Vanity
first prompted me to ask you: vanity, I call it; yet even in this I
see the hand of fate--your presence will soon be necessary; you
will become the last resource of Perdita, her protector and
consoler.  You will take her back to Windsor."--

"Not without you," I said.  "You do not mean to separate again?"

"Do not deceive yourself," replied Raymond, "the separation at hand
is one over which I have no control; most near at hand is it; the
days are already counted.  May I trust you?  For many days I have
longed to disclose the mysterious presentiments that weigh on me,
although I fear that you will ridicule them.  Yet do not, my gentle
friend; for, all childish and unwise as they are, they have become
a part of me, and I dare not expect to shake them off.

"Yet how can I expect you to sympathize with me?  You are of this
world; I am not.  You hold forth your hand; it is even as a part of
yourself; and you do not yet divide the feeling of identity from
the mortal form that shapes forth Lionel.  How then can you
understand me?  Earth is to me a tomb, the firmament a vault,
shrouding mere corruption.  Time is no more, for I have stepped
within the threshold of eternity; each man I meet appears a corse,
which will soon be deserted of its animating spark, on the eve of
decay and corruption.

     Cada piedra un piramide levanta,
     y cada flor costruye un monumento,
     cada edificio es un sepulcro altivo,
     cada soldado un esqueleto vivo."*

*Calderon de la Barca.

His accent was mournful,--he sighed deeply.  "A few months ago," he
continued, "I was thought to be dying; but life was strong within
me.  My affections were human; hope and love were the day-stars of
my life.  Now--they dream that the brows of the conqueror of the
infidel faith are about to be encircled by triumphant laurel; they
talk of honourable reward, of title, power, and wealth--all I ask
of Greece is a grave.  Let them raise a mound above my lifeless
body, which may stand even when the dome of St. Sophia has fallen.

"Wherefore do I feel thus?  At Rodosto I was full of hope; but when
first I saw Constantinople, that feeling, with every other joyful
one, departed.  The last words of Evadne were the seal upon the
warrant of my death.  Yet I do not pretend to account for my mood
by any particular event.  All I can say is, that it is so.  The
plague I am told is in Constantinople, perhaps I have imbibed its
effluvia--perhaps disease is the real cause of my prognostications.
It matters little why or wherefore I am affected, no power can
avert the stroke, and the shadow of Fate's uplifted hand already
darkens me.

"To you, Lionel, I entrust your sister and her child.  Never
mention to her the fatal name of Evadne.  She would doubly sorrow
over the strange link that enchains me to her, making my spirit
obey her dying voice, following her, as it is about to do, to the
unknown country."

I listened to him with wonder; but that his sad demeanour and
solemn utterance assured me of the truth and intensity of his
feelings, I should with light derision have attempted to dissipate
his fears.  Whatever I was about to reply, was interrupted by the
powerful emotions of Clara.  Raymond had spoken, thoughtless of her
presence, and she, poor child, heard with terror and faith the
prophecy of his death.  Her father was moved by her violent grief;
he took her in his arms and soothed her, but his very soothings
were solemn and fearful.  "Weep not, sweet child," said he, "the
coming death of one you have hardly known.  I may die, but in death
I can never forget or desert my own Clara.  In after sorrow or joy,
believe that you father's spirit is near, to save or sympathize
with you.  Be proud of me, and cherish your infant remembrance of
me.  Thus, sweetest, I shall not appear to die.  One thing you must
promise,--not to speak to any one but your uncle, of the
conversation you have just overheard.  When I am gone, you will
console your mother, and tell her that death was only bitter
because it divided me from her; that my last thoughts will be spent
on her.  But while I live, promise not to betray me; promise, my

With faltering accents Clara promised, while she still clung to her
father in a transport of sorrow.  Soon we returned to shore, and I
endeavoured to obviate the impression made on the child's mind, by
treating Raymond's fears lightly.  We heard no more of them; for,
as he had said, the siege, now drawing to a conclusion, became
paramount in interest, engaging all his time and attention.

The empire of the Mohammedans in Europe was at its close.  The
Greek fleet blockading every port of Stamboul, prevented the
arrival of succour from Asia; all egress on the side towards land
had become impracticable, except to such desperate sallies, as
reduced the numbers of the enemy without making any impression on
our lines.  The garrison was now so much diminished, that it was
evident that the city could easily have been carried by storm; but
both humanity and policy dictated a slower mode of proceeding.  We
could hardly doubt that, if pursued to the utmost, its palaces, its
temples and store of wealth would be destroyed in the fury of
contending triumph and defeat.  Already the defenceless citizens
had suffered through the barbarity of the Janisaries; and, in time
of storm, tumult and massacre, beauty, infancy and decrepitude,
would have alike been sacrificed to the brutal ferocity of the
soldiers.  Famine and blockade were certain means of conquest; and
on these we founded our hopes of victory.

Each day the soldiers of the garrison assaulted our advanced posts,
and impeded the accomplishment of our works.  Fire-boats were
launched from the various ports, while our troops sometimes
recoiled from the devoted courage of men who did not seek to live,
but to sell their lives dearly.  These contests were aggravated by
the season: they took place during summer, when the southern
Asiatic wind came laden with intolerable heat, when the streams
were dried up in their shallow beds, and the vast basin of the sea
appeared to glow under the unmitigated rays of the solstitial sun.
Nor did night refresh the earth.  Dew was denied; herbage and
flowers there were none; the very trees drooped; and summer assumed
the blighted appearance of winter, as it went forth in silence and
flame to abridge the means of sustenance to man.  In vain did the
eye strive to find the wreck of some northern cloud in the
stainless empyrean, which might bring hope of change and moisture
to the oppressive and windless atmosphere.  All was serene,
burning, annihilating.  We the besiegers were in the comparison
little affected by these evils.  The woods around afforded us
shade,--the river secured to us a constant supply of water; nay,
detachments were employed in furnishing the army with ice, which
had been laid up on Haemus, and Athos, and the mountains of
Macedonia, while cooling fruits and wholesome food renovated the
strength of the labourers, and made us bear with less impatience
the weight of the unrefreshing air.  But in the city things wore a
different face.  The sun's rays were refracted from the pavement
and buildings--the stoppage of the public fountains--the bad
quality of the food, and scarcity even of that, produced a state of
suffering, which was aggravated by the scourge of disease; while
the garrison arrogated every superfluity to themselves, adding by
waste and riot to the necessary evils of the time.  Still they
would not capitulate.

Suddenly the system of warfare was changed.  We experienced no more
assaults; and by night and day we continued our labours unimpeded.
Stranger still, when the troops advanced near the city, the walls
were vacant, and no cannon was pointed against the intruders.  When
these circumstances were reported to Raymond, he caused minute
observations to be made as to what was doing within the walls, and
when his scouts returned, reporting only the continued silence and
desolation of the city, he commanded the army to be drawn out
before the gates.  No one appeared on the walls; the very portals,
though locked and barred, seemed unguarded; above, the many domes
and glittering crescents pierced heaven; while the old walls,
survivors of ages, with ivy-crowned tower and weed-tangled
buttress, stood as rocks in an uninhabited waste.  From within the
city neither shout nor cry, nor aught except the casual howling of
a dog, broke the noon-day stillness.  Even our soldiers were awed
to silence; the music paused; the clang of arms was hushed.  Each
man asked his fellow in whispers, the meaning of this sudden peace;
while Raymond from an height endeavoured, by means of glasses, to
discover and observe the stratagem of the enemy.  No form could be
discerned on the terraces of the houses; in the higher parts of the
town no moving shadow bespoke the presence of any living being: the
very trees waved not, and mocked the stability of architecture with
like immovability.

The tramp of horses, distinctly heard in the silence, was at length
discerned.  It was a troop sent by Karazza, the Admiral; they bore
dispatches to the Lord General.  The contents of these papers were
important.  The night before, the watch, on board one of the
smaller vessels anchored near the seraglio wall, was roused by a
slight splashing as of muffled oars; the alarm was given: twelve
small boats, each containing three Janisaries, were descried
endeavouring to make their way through the fleet to the opposite
shore of Scutari.  When they found themselves discovered they
discharged their muskets, and some came to the front to cover the
others, whose crews, exerting all their strength, endeavoured to
escape with their light barks from among the dark hulls that
environed them.  They were in the end all sunk, and, with the
exception of two or three prisoners, the crews drowned.  Little
could be got from the survivors; but their cautious answers caused
it to be surmised that several expeditions had preceded this last,
and that several Turks of rank and importance had been conveyed to
Asia.  The men disdainfully repelled the idea of having deserted
the defence of their city; and one, the youngest among them, in
answer to the taunt of a sailor, exclaimed, "Take it, Christian
dogs! take the palaces, the gardens, the mosques, the abode of our
fathers--take plague with them; pestilence is the enemy we fly; if
she be your friend, hug her to your bosoms.  The curse of Allah is
on Stamboul, share ye her fate."

Such was the account sent by Karazza to Raymond: but a tale full of
monstrous exaggerations, though founded on this, was spread by the
accompanying troop among our soldiers.  A murmur arose, the city
was the prey of pestilence; already had a mighty power subjugated
the inhabitants; Death had become lord of Constantinople.

I have heard a picture described, wherein all the inhabitants of
earth were drawn out in fear to stand the encounter of Death.  The
feeble and decrepit fled; the warriors retreated, though they
threatened even in flight.  Wolves and lions, and various monsters
of the desert roared against him; while the grim Unreality hovered
shaking his spectral dart, a solitary but invincible assailant.
Even so was it with the army of Greece.  I am convinced, that had
the myriad troops of Asia come from over the Propontis, and stood
defenders of the Golden City, each and every Greek would have
marched against the overwhelming numbers, and have devoted himself
with patriotic fury for his country.  But here no hedge of bayonets
opposed itself, no death-dealing artillery, no formidable array of
brave soldiers--the unguarded walls afforded easy entrance--the
vacant palaces luxurious dwellings; but above the dome of St.
Sophia the superstitious Greek saw Pestilence, and shrunk in
trepidation from her influence.

Raymond was actuated by far other feelings.  He descended the hill
with a face beaming with triumph, and pointing with his sword to
the gates, commanded his troops to--down with those barricades--the
only obstacles now to completest victory.  The soldiers answered
his cheerful words with aghast and awe-struck looks; instinctively
they drew back, and Raymond rode in the front of the lines:--"By my
sword I swear," he cried, "that no ambush or stratagem endangers
you.  The enemy is already vanquished; the pleasant places, the
noble dwellings and spoil of the city are already yours; force the
gate; enter and possess the seats of your ancestors, your own

An universal shudder and fearful whispering passed through the
lines; not a soldier moved.  "Cowards!" exclaimed their general,
exasperated, "give me an hatchet!  I alone will enter!  I will
plant your standard; and when you see it wave from yon highest
minaret, you may gain courage, and rally round it!"

One of the officers now came forward:  "General," he said, "we
neither fear the courage, nor arms, the open attack, nor secret
ambush of the Moslems.  We are ready to expose our breasts, exposed
ten thousand times before, to the balls and scimitars of the
infidels, and to fall gloriously for Greece.  But we will not die
in heaps, like dogs poisoned in summer-time, by the pestilential
air of that city--we dare not go against the Plague!"

A multitude of men are feeble and inert, without a voice, a leader;
give them that, and they regain the strength belonging to their
numbers.  Shouts from a thousand voices now rent the air--the cry
of applause became universal.  Raymond saw the danger; he was
willing to save his troops from the crime of disobedience; for he
knew, that contention once begun between the commander and his
army, each act and word added to the weakness of the former, and
bestowed power on the latter.  He gave orders for the retreat to be
sounded, and the regiments repaired in good order to the camp.

I hastened to carry the intelligence of these strange proceedings
to Perdita; and we were soon joined by Raymond.  He looked gloomy
and perturbed.  My sister was struck by my narrative:  "How beyond
the imagination of man," she exclaimed, "are the decrees of heaven,
wondrous and inexplicable!"

"Foolish girl," cried Raymond angrily, "are you like my valiant
soldiers, panic-struck?  What is there inexplicable, pray, tell me,
in so very natural an occurrence?  Does not the plague rage each
year in Stamboul?  What wonder, that this year, when as we are
told, its virulence is unexampled in Asia, that it should have
occasioned double havoc in that city?  What wonder then, in time of
siege, want, extreme heat, and drought, that it should make
unaccustomed ravages?  Less wonder far is it, that the garrison,
despairing of being able to hold out longer, should take advantage
of the negligence of our fleet to escape at once from siege and
capture.  It is not pestilence--by the God that lives! it is not
either plague or impending danger that makes us, like birds in
harvest-time, terrified by a scarecrow, abstain from the ready prey--
it is base superstition--And thus the aim of the valiant is made
the shuttlecock of fools; the worthy ambition of the high-souled,
the plaything of these tamed hares!  But yet Stamboul shall be
ours!  By my past labours, by torture and imprisonment suffered for
them, by my victories, by my sword, I swear--by my hopes of fame,
by my former deserts now awaiting their reward, I deeply vow, with
these hands to plant the cross on yonder mosque!"

"Dearest Raymond!" interrupted Perdita, in a supplicating accent.

He had been walking to and fro in the marble hall of the seraglio;
his very lips were pale with rage, while, quivering, they shaped
his angry words--his eyes shot fire--his gestures seemed restrained
by their very vehemence.  "Perdita," he continued, impatiently, "I
know what you would say; I know that you love me, that you are good
and gentle; but this is no woman's work--nor can a female heart
guess at the hurricane which tears me!"

He seemed half afraid of his own violence, and suddenly quitted the
hall: a look from Perdita showed me her distress, and I followed
him.  He was pacing the garden: his passions were in a state of
inconceivable turbulence.  "Am I for ever," he cried, "to be the
sport of fortune!  Must man, the heaven-climber, be for ever the
victim of the crawling reptiles of his species!  Were I as you,
Lionel, looking forward to many years of life, to a succession of
love-enlightened days, to refined enjoyments and fresh-springing
hopes, I might yield, and breaking my General's staff, seek repose
in the glades of Windsor.  But I am about to die!--nay, interrupt
me not--soon I shall die.  From the many-peopled earth, from the
sympathies of man, from the loved resorts of my youth, from the
kindness of my friends, from the affection of my only beloved
Perdita, I am about to be removed.  Such is the will of fate!  Such
the decree of the High Ruler from whom there is no appeal: to whom
I submit.  But to lose all--to lose with life and love, glory also!
It shall not be!

"I, and in a few brief years, all you,--this panic-struck army, and
all the population of fair Greece, will no longer be.  But other
generations will arise, and ever and for ever will continue, to be
made happier by our present acts, to be glorified by our valour.
The prayer of my youth was to be one among those who render the
pages of earth's history splendid; who exalt the race of man, and
make this little globe a dwelling of the mighty.  Alas, for
Raymond! the prayer of his youth is wasted--the hopes of his
manhood are null!

"From my dungeon in yonder city I cried, soon I will be thy lord!
When Evadne pronounced my death, I thought that the title of Victor
of Constantinople would be written on my tomb, and I subdued all
mortal fear.  I stand before its vanquished walls, and dare not
call myself a conqueror.  So shall it not be!  Did not Alexander
leap from the walls of the city of the Oxydracae, to show his
coward troops the way to victory, encountering alone the swords of
its defenders?  Even so will I brave the plague--and though no man
follow, I will plant the Grecian standard on the height of St.

Reason came unavailing to such high-wrought feelings.  In vain I
showed him, that when winter came, the cold would dissipate the
pestilential air, and restore courage to the Greeks.  "Talk not of
other season than this!" he cried.  "I have lived my last winter,
and the date of this year, 2092, will be carved upon my tomb.
Already do I see," he continued, looking up mournfully, "the bourne
and precipitate edge of my existence, over which I plunge into the
gloomy mystery of the life to come.  I am prepared, so that I leave
behind a trail of light so radiant, that my worst enemies cannot
cloud it.  I owe this to Greece, to you, to my surviving Perdita,
and to myself, the victim of ambition."

We were interrupted by an attendant, who announced, that the staff
of Raymond was assembled in the council-chamber.  He requested me
in the meantime to ride through the camp, and to observe and report
to him the dispositions of the soldiers; he then left me.  I had
been excited to the utmost by the proceedings of the day, and now
more than ever by the passionate language of Raymond.  Alas! for
human reason!  He accused the Greeks of superstition: what name did
he give to the faith he lent to the predictions of Evadne?  I
passed from the palace of Sweet Waters to the plain on which the
encampment lay, and found its inhabitants in commotion.  The
arrival of several with fresh stories of marvels, from the fleet;
the exaggerations bestowed on what was already known; tales of old
prophecies, of fearful histories of whole regions which had been
laid waste during the present year by pestilence, alarmed and
occupied the troops.  Discipline was lost; the army disbanded
itself.  Each individual, before a part of a great whole moving
only in unison with others, now became resolved into the unit
nature had made him, and thought of himself only.  They stole off
at first by ones and twos, then in larger companies, until,
unimpeded by the officers, whole battalions sought the road that
led to Macedonia.

About midnight I returned to the palace and sought Raymond; he was
alone, and apparently composed; such composure, at least, was his
as is inspired by a resolve to adhere to a certain line of conduct.
He heard my account of the self-dissolution of the army with
calmness, and then said, "You know, Verney, my fixed determination
not to quit this place, until in the light of day Stamboul is
confessedly ours.  If the men I have about me shrink from following
me, others, more courageous, are to be found.  Go you before break
of day, bear these dispatches to Karazza, add to them your own
entreaties that he send me his marines and naval force; if I can
get but one regiment to second me, the rest would follow of course.
Let him send me this regiment.  I shall expect your return by to-
morrow noon."

Methought this was but a poor expedient; but I assured him of my
obedience and zeal.  I quitted him to take a few hours rest.  With
the breaking of morning I was accoutred for my ride.  I lingered
awhile, desirous of taking leave of Perdita, and from my window
observed the approach of the sun.  The golden splendour arose, and
weary nature awoke to suffer yet another day of heat and thirsty
decay.  No flowers lifted up their dew-laden cups to meet the dawn;
the dry grass had withered on the plains; the burning fields of air
were vacant of birds; the cicale alone, children of the sun, began
their shrill and deafening song among the cypresses and olives.  I
saw Raymond's coal-black charger brought to the palace gate; a
small company of officers arrived soon after; care and fear was
painted on each cheek, and in each eye, unrefreshed by sleep.  I
found Raymond and Perdita together.  He was watching the rising
sun, while with one arm he encircled his beloved's waist; she
looked on him, the sun of her life, with earnest gaze of mingled
anxiety and tenderness.  Raymond started angrily when he saw me.
"Here still?" he cried.  "Is this your promised zeal?"

"Pardon me," I said, "but even as you speak, I am gone."

"Nay, pardon me," he replied; "I have no right to command or
reproach; but my life hangs on your departure and speedy return.

His voice had recovered its bland tone, but a dark cloud still hung
on his features.  I would have delayed; I wished to recommend
watchfulness to Perdita, but his presence restrained me.  I had no
pretence for my hesitation; and on his repeating his farewell, I
clasped his outstretched hand; it was cold and clammy.  "Take care
of yourself, my dear Lord," I said.

"Nay," said Perdita, "that task shall be mine.  Return speedily,

With an air of absence he was playing with her auburn locks, while
she leaned on him; twice I turned back, only to look again on this
matchless pair.  At last, with slow and heavy steps, I had paced
out of the hall, and sprung upon my horse.  At that moment Clara
flew towards me; clasping my knee she cried, "Make haste back,
uncle!  Dear uncle, I have such fearful dreams; I dare not tell my
mother.  Do not be long away!"  I assured her of my impatience to
return, and then, with a small escort rode along the plain towards
the tower of Marmora.

I fulfilled my commission; I saw Karazza.  He was somewhat
surprised; he would see, he said, what could be done; but it
required time; and Raymond had ordered me to return by noon.  It
was impossible to effect any thing in so short a time.  I must stay
till the next day; or come back, after having reported the present
state of things to the general.  My choice was easily made.  A
restlessness, a fear of what was about to betide, a doubt as to
Raymond's purposes, urged me to return without delay to his
quarters.  Quitting the Seven Towers, I rode eastward towards the
Sweet Waters.  I took a circuitous path, principally for the sake
of going to the top of the mount before mentioned, which commanded
a view of the city.  I had my glass with me.  The city basked under
the noon-day sun, and the venerable walls formed its picturesque
boundary.  Immediately before me was the Top Kapou, the gate near
which Mahomet had made the breach by which he entered the city.
Trees gigantic and aged grew near; before the gate I discerned a
crowd of moving human figures--with intense curiosity I lifted my
glass to my eye.  I saw Lord Raymond on his charger; a small
company of officers had gathered about him; and behind was a
promiscuous concourse of soldiers and subalterns, their discipline
lost, their arms thrown aside; no music sounded, no banners
streamed.  The only flag among them was one which Raymond carried;
he pointed with it to the gate of the city.  The circle round him
fell back.  With angry gestures he leapt from his horse, and
seizing a hatchet that hung from his saddle-bow, went with the
apparent intention of battering down the opposing gate.  A few men
came to aid him; their numbers increased; under their united blows
the obstacle was vanquished, gate, portcullis, and fence were
demolished; and the wide sun-lit way, leading to the heart of the
city, now lay open before them.  The men shrank back; they seemed
afraid of what they had already done, and stood as if they expected
some Mighty Phantom to stalk in offended majesty from the opening.
Raymond sprung lightly on his horse, grasped the standard, and with
words which I could not hear (but his gestures, being their fit
accompaniment, were marked by passionate energy), he seemed to
adjure their assistance and companionship; even as he spoke, the
crowd receded from him.  Indignation now transported him; his words
I guessed were fraught with disdain--then turning from his coward
followers, he addressed himself to enter the city alone.  His very
horse seemed to back from the fatal entrance; his dog, his faithful
dog, lay moaning and supplicating in his path--in a moment more, he
had plunged the rowels into the sides of the stung animal, who
bounded forward, and he, the gateway passed, was galloping up the
broad and desert street.

Until this moment my soul had been in my eyes only.  I had gazed
with wonder, mixed with fear and enthusiasm.  The latter feeling
now predominated.  I forgot the distance between us:  "I will go
with thee, Raymond!" I cried; but, my eye removed from the glass, I
could scarce discern the pygmy forms of the crowd, which about a
mile from me surrounded the gate; the form of Raymond was lost.
Stung with impatience, I urged my horse with force of spur and
loosened reins down the acclivity, that, before danger could
arrive, I might be at the side of my noble, godlike friend.  A
number of buildings and trees intervened, when I had reached the
plain, hiding the city from my view.  But at that moment a crash
was heard.  Thunderlike it reverberated through the sky, while the
air was darkened.  A moment more and the old walls again met my
sight, while over them hovered a murky cloud; fragments of
buildings whirled above, half seen in smoke, while flames burst out
beneath, and continued explosions filled the air with terrific
thunders.  Flying from the mass of falling ruin which leapt over
the high walls, and shook the ivy towers, a crowd of soldiers made
for the road by which I came; I was surrounded, hemmed in by them,
unable to get forward.  My impatience rose to its utmost; I
stretched out my hands to the men; I conjured them to turn back and
save their General, the conqueror of Stamboul, the liberator of
Greece; tears, aye tears, in warm flow gushed from my eyes--I would
not believe in his destruction; yet every mass that darkened the
air seemed to bear with it a portion of the martyred Raymond.
Horrible sights were shaped to me in the turbid cloud that hovered
over the city; and my only relief was derived from the struggles I
made to approach the gate.  Yet when I effected my purpose, all I
could discern within the precincts of the massive walls was a city
of fire: the open way through which Raymond had ridden was
enveloped in smoke and flame.  After an interval the explosions
ceased, but the flames still shot up from various quarters; the
dome of St. Sophia had disappeared.  Strange to say (the result
perhaps of the concussion of air occasioned by the blowing up of
the city) huge, white thunder clouds lifted themselves up from the
southern horizon, and gathered over-head; they were the first blots
on the blue expanse that I had seen for months, and amidst this
havoc and despair they inspired pleasure.  The vault above became
obscured, lightning flashed from the heavy masses, followed
instantaneously by crashing thunder; then the big rain fell.  The
flames of the city bent beneath it; and the smoke and dust arising
from the ruins was dissipated.

I no sooner perceived an abatement of the flames than, hurried on
by an irresistible impulse, I endeavoured to penetrate the town.  I
could only do this on foot, as the mass of ruin was impracticable
for a horse.  I had never entered the city before, and its ways
were unknown to me.  The streets were blocked up, the ruins
smoking; I climbed up one heap, only to view others in succession;
and nothing told me where the centre of the town might be, or
towards what point Raymond might have directed his course.  The
rain ceased; the clouds sunk behind the horizon; it was now
evening, and the sun descended swiftly the western sky.  I
scrambled on, until I came to a street, whose wooden houses, half-
burnt, had been cooled by the rain, and were fortunately uninjured
by the gunpowder.  Up this I hurried--until now I had not seen a
vestige of man.  Yet none of the defaced human forms which I
distinguished, could be Raymond; so I turned my eyes away, while my
heart sickened within me.  I came to an open space--a mountain of
ruin in the midst, announced that some large mosque had occupied
the space--and here, scattered about, I saw various articles of
luxury and wealth, singed, destroyed--but showing what they had
been in their ruin--jewels, strings of pearls, embroidered robes,
rich furs, glittering tapestries, and oriental ornaments, seemed to
have been collected here in a pile destined for destruction; but
the rain had stopped the havoc midway.

Hours passed, while in this scene of ruin I sought for Raymond.
Insurmountable heaps sometimes opposed themselves; the still
burning fires scorched me.  The sun set; the atmosphere grew dim--
and the evening star no longer shone companionless.  The glare of
flames attested the progress of destruction, while, during mingled
light and obscurity, the piles around me took gigantic proportions
and weird shapes.  For a moment I could yield to the creative power
of the imagination, and for a moment was soothed by the sublime
fictions it presented to me.  The beatings of my human heart drew
me back to blank reality.  Where, in this wilderness of death, art
thou, O Raymond--ornament of England, deliverer of Greece, "hero of
unwritten story," where in this burning chaos are thy dear relics
strewed?  I called aloud for him--through the darkness of night,
over the scorching ruins of fallen Constantinople, his name was
heard; no voice replied--echo even was mute.

I was overcome by weariness; the solitude depressed my spirits.
The sultry air impregnated with dust, the heat and smoke of burning
palaces, palsied my limbs.  Hunger suddenly came acutely upon me.
The excitement which had hitherto sustained me was lost; as a
building, whose props are loosened, and whose foundations rock,
totters and falls, so when enthusiasm and hope deserted me, did my
strength fail.  I sat on the sole remaining step of an edifice,
which even in its downfall, was huge and magnificent; a few broken
walls, not dislodged by gunpowder, stood in fantastic groups, and a
flame glimmered at intervals on the summit of the pile.  For a time
hunger and sleep contended, till the constellations reeled before
my eyes and then were lost.  I strove to rise, but my heavy lids
closed, my limbs over-wearied, claimed repose--I rested my head on
the stone, I yielded to the grateful sensation of utter
forgetfulness; and in that scene of desolation, on that night of
despair--I slept.


The stars still shone brightly when I awoke, and Taurus high in the
southern heaven showed that it was midnight.  I awoke from
disturbed dreams.  Methought I had been invited to Timon's last
feast; I came with keen appetite, the covers were removed, the hot
water sent up its unsatisfying steams, while I fled before the
anger of the host, who assumed the form of Raymond; while to my
diseased fancy, the vessels hurled by him after me, were surcharged
with fetid vapour, and my friend's shape, altered by a thousand
distortions, expanded into a gigantic phantom, bearing on its brow
the sign of pestilence.  The growing shadow rose and rose, filling,
and then seeming to endeavour to burst beyond, the adamantine vault
that bent over, sustaining and enclosing the world.  The night-mare
became torture; with a strong effort I threw off sleep, and
recalled reason to her wonted functions.  My first thought was
Perdita; to her I must return; her I must support, drawing such
food from despair as might best sustain her wounded heart;
recalling her from the wild excesses of grief, by the austere laws
of duty, and the soft tenderness of regret.

The position of the stars was my only guide.  I turned from the
awful ruin of the Golden City, and, after great exertion, succeeded
in extricating myself from its enclosure.  I met a company of
soldiers outside the walls; I borrowed a horse from one of them,
and hastened to my sister.  The appearance of the plain was changed
during this short interval; the encampment was broken up; the
relics of the disbanded army met in small companies here and there;
each face was clouded; every gesture spoke astonishment and dismay.

With a heavy heart I entered the palace, and stood fearful to
advance, to speak, to look.  In the midst of the hall was Perdita;
she sat on the marble pavement, her head fallen on her bosom, her
hair dishevelled, her fingers twined busily one within the other;
she was pale as marble, and every feature was contracted by agony.
She perceived me, and looked up inquiringly; her half glance of
hope was misery; the words died before I could articulate them; I
felt a ghastly smile wrinkle my lips.  She understood my gesture;
again her head fell; again her fingers worked restlessly.  At last
I recovered speech, but my voice terrified her; the hapless girl
had understood my look, and for worlds she would not that the tale
of her heavy misery should have been shaped out and confirmed by
hard, irrevocable words.  Nay, she seemed to wish to distract my
thoughts from the subject: she rose from the floor:  "Hush!" she
said, whisperingly; "after much weeping, Clara sleeps; we must not
disturb her."  She seated herself then on the same ottoman where I
had left her in the morning resting on the beating heart of her
Raymond; I dared not approach her, but sat at a distant corner,
watching her starting and nervous gestures.  At length, in an
abrupt manner she asked, "Where is he?"

"O, fear not," she continued, "fear not that I should entertain
hope!  Yet tell me, have you found him?  To have him once more in
my arms, to see him, however changed, is all I desire.  Though
Constantinople be heaped above him as a tomb, yet I must find him--
then cover us with the city's weight, with a mountain piled above--
I care not, so that one grave hold Raymond and his Perdita."  Then
weeping, she clung to me:  "Take me to him," she cried, "unkind
Lionel, why do you keep me here?  Of myself I cannot find him--but
you know where he lies--lead me thither."

At first these agonizing plaints filled me with intolerable
compassion.  But soon I endeavoured to extract patience for her
from the ideas she suggested.  I related my adventures of the
night, my endeavours to find our lost one, and my disappointment.
Turning her thoughts this way, I gave them an object which rescued
them from insanity.  With apparent calmness she discussed with me
the probable spot where he might be found, and planned the means we
should use for that purpose.  Then hearing of my fatigue and
abstinence, she herself brought me food.  I seized the favourable
moment, and endeavoured to awaken in her something beyond the
killing torpor of grief.  As I spoke, my subject carried me away;
deep admiration; grief, the offspring of truest affection, the
overflowing of a heart bursting with sympathy for all that had been
great and sublime in the career of my friend, inspired me as I
poured forth the praises of Raymond.

"Alas, for us," I cried, "who have lost this latest honour of the
world!  Beloved Raymond!  He is gone to the nations of the dead; he
has become one of those, who render the dark abode of the obscure
grave illustrious by dwelling there.  He has journeyed on the road
that leads to it, and joined the mighty of soul who went before
him.  When the world was in its infancy death must have been
terrible, and man left his friends and kindred to dwell, a solitary
stranger, in an unknown country.  But now, he who dies finds many
companions gone before to prepare for his reception.  The great of
past ages people it, the exalted hero of our own days is counted
among its inhabitants, while life becomes doubly 'the desert and
the solitude.'

"What a noble creature was Raymond, the first among the men of our
time.  By the grandeur of his conceptions, the graceful daring of
his actions, by his wit and beauty, he won and ruled the minds of
all.  Of one only fault he might have been accused; but his death
has cancelled that.  I have heard him called inconstant of purpose--
when he deserted, for the sake of love, the hope of sovereignty,
and when he abdicated the protectorship of England, men blamed his
infirmity of purpose.  Now his death has crowned his life, and to
the end of time it will be remembered, that he devoted himself, a
willing victim, to the glory of Greece.  Such was his choice: he
expected to die.  He foresaw that he should leave this cheerful
earth, the lightsome sky, and thy love, Perdita; yet he neither
hesitated or turned back, going right onward to his mark of fame.
While the earth lasts, his actions will be recorded with praise.
Grecian maidens will in devotion strew flowers on his tomb, and
make the air around it resonant with patriotic hymns, in which his
name will find high record."

I saw the features of Perdita soften; the sternness of grief
yielded to tenderness--I continued:--"Thus to honour him, is the
sacred duty of his survivors.  To make his name even as an holy
spot of ground, enclosing it from all hostile attacks by our
praise, shedding on it the blossoms of love and regret, guarding it
from decay, and bequeathing it untainted to posterity.  Such is the
duty of his friends.  A dearer one belongs to you, Perdita, mother
of his child.  Do you remember in her infancy, with what transport
you beheld Clara, recognizing in her the united being of yourself
and Raymond; joying to view in this living temple a manifestation
of your eternal loves.  Even such is she still.  You say that you
have lost Raymond.  O, no!--yet he lives with you and in you there.
From him she sprung, flesh of his flesh, bone of his bone--and not,
as heretofore, are you content to trace in her downy cheek and
delicate limbs, an affinity to Raymond, but in her enthusiastic
affections, in the sweet qualities of her mind, you may still find
him living, the good, the great, the beloved.  Be it your care to
foster this similarity--be it your care to render her worthy of
him, so that, when she glory in her origin, she take not shame for
what she is."

I could perceive that, when I recalled my sister's thoughts to her
duties in life, she did not listen with the same patience as
before.  She appeared to suspect a plan of consolation on my part,
from which she, cherishing her new-born grief, revolted.  "You talk
of the future," she said, "while the present is all to me.  Let me
find the earthly dwelling of my beloved; let us rescue that from
common dust, so that in times to come men may point to the sacred
tomb, and name it his--then to other thoughts, and a new course of
life, or what else fate, in her cruel tyranny, may have marked out
for me."

After a short repose I prepared to leave her, that I might
endeavour to accomplish her wish.  In the mean time we were joined
by Clara, whose pallid cheek and scared look showed the deep
impression grief had made on her young mind.  She seemed to be full
of something to which she could not give words; but, seizing an
opportunity afforded by Perdita's absence, she preferred to me an
earnest prayer, that I would take her within view of the gate at
which her father had entered Constantinople.  She promised to
commit no extravagance, to be docile, and immediately to return.
I could not refuse; for Clara was not an ordinary child; her
sensibility and intelligence seemed already to have endowed her
with the rights of womanhood.  With her therefore, before me on my
horse, attended only by the servant who was to re-conduct her, we
rode to the Top Kapou.  We found a party of soldiers gathered round
it.  They were listening.  "They are human cries," said one:  "More
like the howling of a dog," replied another; and again they bent to
catch the sound of regular distant moans, which issued from the
precincts of the ruined city.  "That, Clara," I said, "is the gate,
that the street which yestermorn your father rode up."  Whatever
Clara's intention had been in asking to be brought hither, it was
balked by the presence of the soldiers.  With earnest gaze she
looked on the labyrinth of smoking piles which had been a city, and
then expressed her readiness to return home.  At this moment a
melancholy howl struck on our ears; it was repeated; "Hark!" cried
Clara, "he is there; that is Florio, my father's dog."  It seemed
to me impossible that she could recognise the sound, but she
persisted in her assertion till she gained credit with the crowd
about.  At least it would be a benevolent action to rescue the
sufferer, whether human or brute, from the desolation of the town;
so, sending Clara back to her home, I again entered Constantinople.
Encouraged by the impunity attendant on my former visit, several
soldiers who had made a part of Raymond's body guard, who had loved
him, and sincerely mourned his loss, accompanied me.

It is impossible to conjecture the strange enchainment of events
which restored the lifeless form of my friend to our hands.  In
that part of the town where the fire had most raged the night
before, and which now lay quenched, black and cold, the dying dog
of Raymond crouched beside the mutilated form of its lord.  At such
a time sorrow has no voice; affliction, tamed by it is very
vehemence, is mute.  The poor animal recognised me, licked my hand,
crept close to its lord, and died.  He had been evidently thrown
from his horse by some falling ruin, which had crushed his head,
and defaced his whole person.  I bent over the body, and took in my
hand the edge of his cloak, less altered in appearance than the
human frame it clothed.  I pressed it to my lips, while the rough
soldiers gathered around, mourning over this worthiest prey of
death, as if regret and endless lamentation could re-illumine the
extinguished spark, or call to its shattered prison-house of flesh
the liberated spirit.  Yesterday those limbs were worth an
universe; they then enshrined a transcendent power, whose intents,
words, and actions were worthy to be recorded in letters of gold;
now the superstition of affection alone could give value to the
shattered mechanism, which, incapable and clod-like, no more
resembled Raymond, than the fallen rain is like the former mansion
of cloud in which it climbed the highest skies, and gilded by the
sun, attracted all eyes, and satiated the sense by its excess of

Such as he had now become, such as was his terrene vesture, defaced
and spoiled, we wrapt it in our cloaks, and lifting the burthen in
our arms, bore it from this city of the dead.  The question arose
as to where we should deposit him.  In our road to the palace, we
passed through the Greek cemetery; here on a tablet of black marble
I caused him to be laid; the cypresses waved high above, their
death-like gloom accorded with his state of nothingness.  We cut
branches of the funereal trees and placed them over him, and on
these again his sword.  I left a guard to protect this treasure of
dust; and ordered perpetual torches to be burned around.

When I returned to Perdita, I found that she had already been
informed of the success of my undertaking.  He, her beloved, the
sole and eternal object of her passionate tenderness, was restored
her.  Such was the maniac language of her enthusiasm.  What though
those limbs moved not, and those lips could no more frame modulated
accents of wisdom and love!  What though like a weed flung from the
fruitless sea, he lay the prey of corruption--still that was the
form she had caressed, those the lips that meeting hers, had drank
the spirit of love from the commingling breath; that was the
earthly mechanism of dissoluble clay she had called her own.  True,
she looked forward to another life; true, the burning spirit of
love seemed to her inextinguishable throughout eternity.  Yet at
this time, with human fondness, she clung to all that her human
senses permitted her to see and feel to be a part of Raymond.

Pale as marble, clear and beaming as that, she heard my tale, and
enquired concerning the spot where he had been deposited.  Her
features had lost the distortion of grief; her eyes were
brightened, her very person seemed dilated; while the excessive
whiteness and even transparency of her skin, and something hollow
in her voice, bore witness that not tranquillity, but excess of
excitement, occasioned the treacherous calm that settled on her
countenance.  I asked her where he should be buried.  She replied,
"At Athens; even at the Athens which he loved.  Without the town,
on the acclivity of Hymettus, there is a rocky recess which he
pointed out to me as the spot where he would wish to repose."

My own desire certainly was that he should not be removed from the
spot where he now lay.  But her wish was of course to be complied
with; and I entreated her to prepare without delay for our

Behold now the melancholy train cross the flats of Thrace, and wind
through the defiles, and over the mountains of Macedonia, coast the
clear waves of the Peneus, cross the Larissean plain, pass the
straits of Thermopylae, and ascending in succession Oeta and
Parnassus, descend to the fertile plain of Athens.  Women bear with
resignation these long drawn ills, but to a man's impatient spirit,
the slow motion of our cavalcade, the melancholy repose we took at
noon, the perpetual presence of the pall, gorgeous though it was,
that wrapt the rifled casket which had contained Raymond, the
monotonous recurrence of day and night, unvaried by hope or change,
all the circumstances of our march were intolerable.  Perdita, shut
up in herself, spoke little.  Her carriage was closed; and, when we
rested, she sat leaning her pale cheek on her white cold hand, with
eyes fixed on the ground, indulging thoughts which refused
communication or sympathy.

We descended from Parnassus, emerging from its many folds, and
passed through Livadia on our road to Attica.  Perdita would not
enter Athens; but reposing at Marathon on the night of our arrival,
conducted me on the following day, to the spot selected by her as
the treasure house of Raymond's dear remains.  It was in a recess
near the head of the ravine to the south of Hymettus.  The chasm,
deep, black, and hoary, swept from the summit to the base; in the
fissures of the rock myrtle underwood grew and wild thyme, the food
of many nations of bees; enormous crags protruded into the cleft,
some beetling over, others rising perpendicularly from it.  At the
foot of this sublime chasm, a fertile laughing valley reached from
sea to sea, and beyond was spread the blue AEgean, sprinkled with
islands, the light waves glancing beneath the sun.  Close to the
spot on which we stood, was a solitary rock, high and conical,
which, divided on every side from the mountain, seemed a nature-
hewn pyramid; with little labour this block was reduced to a
perfect shape; the narrow cell was scooped out beneath in which
Raymond was placed, and a short inscription, carved in the living
stone, recorded the name of its tenant, the cause and ra of his

Everything was accomplished with speed under my directions.  I
agreed to leave the finishing and guardianship of the tomb to the
head of the religious establishment at Athens, and by the end of
October prepared for my return to England.  I mentioned this to
Perdita.  It was painful to appear to drag her from the last scene
that spoke of her lost one; but to linger here was vain, and my
very soul was sick with its yearning to rejoin my Idris and her
babes.  In reply, my sister requested me to accompany her the
following evening to the tomb of Raymond.  Some days had passed
since I had visited the spot.  The path to it had been enlarged,
and steps hewn in the rock led us less circuitously than before, to
the spot itself; the platform on which the pyramid stood was
enlarged, and looking towards the south, in a recess overshadowed
by the straggling branches of a wild fig-tree, I saw foundations
dug, and props and rafters fixed, evidently the commencement of a
cottage; standing on its unfinished threshold, the tomb was at our
right-hand, the whole ravine, and plain, and azure sea immediately
before us; the dark rocks received a glow from the descending sun,
which glanced along the cultivated valley, and dyed in purple and
orange the placid waves; we sat on a rocky elevation, and I gazed
with rapture on the beauteous panorama of living and changeful
colours, which varied and enhanced the graces of earth and ocean.

"Did I not do right," said Perdita, "in having my loved one
conveyed hither?  Hereafter this will be the cynosure of Greece.
In such a spot death loses half its terrors, and even the inanimate
dust appears to partake of the spirit of beauty which hallows this
region.  Lionel, he sleeps there; that is the grave of Raymond, he
whom in my youth I first loved; whom my heart accompanied in days
of separation and anger; to whom I am now joined for ever.  Never--
mark me--never will I leave this spot.  Methinks his spirit remains
here as well as that dust, which, uncommunicable though it be, is
more precious in its nothingness than aught else widowed earth
clasps to her sorrowing bosom.  The myrtle bushes, the thyme, the
little cyclamen, which peep from the fissures of the rock, all the
produce of the place, bear affinity to him; the light that invests
the hills participates in his essence, and sky and mountains, sea
and valley, are imbued by the presence of his spirit.  I will live
and die here!

"Go you to England, Lionel; return to sweet Idris and dearest
Adrian; return, and let my orphan girl be as a child of your own in
your house.  Look on me as dead; and truly if death be a mere
change of state, I am dead.  This is another world, from that which
late I inhabited, from that which is now your home.  Here I hold
communion only with the has been, and to come.  Go you to England,
and leave me where alone I can consent to drag out the miserable
days which I must still live."

A shower of tears terminated her sad harangue.  I had expected some
extravagant proposition, and remained silent awhile, collecting my
thoughts that I might the better combat her fanciful scheme.  "You
cherish dreary thoughts, my dear Perdita," I said, "nor do I wonder
that for a time your better reason should be influenced by
passionate grief and a disturbed imagination.  Even I am in love
with this last home of Raymond's; nevertheless we must quit it."

"I expected this," cried Perdita; "I supposed that you would treat
me as a mad, foolish girl.  But do not deceive yourself; this
cottage is built by my order; and here I shall remain, until the
hour arrives when I may share his happier dwelling."

"My dearest girl!"

"And what is there so strange in my design?  I might have deceived
you; I might have talked of remaining here only a few months; in
your anxiety to reach Windsor you would have left me, and without
reproach or contention, I might have pursued my plan.  But I
disdained the artifice; or rather in my wretchedness it was my only
consolation to pour out my heart to you, my brother, my only
friend.  You will not dispute with me?  You know how wilful your
poor, misery-stricken sister is.  Take my girl with you; wean her
from sights and thoughts of sorrow; let infantine hilarity revisit
her heart, and animate her eyes; so could it never be, were she
near me; it is far better for all of you that you should never see
me again.  For myself, I will not voluntarily seek death, that is,
I will not, while I can command myself; and I can here.  But drag
me from this country; and my power of self control vanishes, nor
can I answer for the violence my agony of grief may lead me to

"You clothe your meaning, Perdita," I replied, "in powerful words,
yet that meaning is selfish and unworthy of you.  You have often
agreed with me that there is but one solution to the intricate
riddle of life; to improve ourselves, and contribute to the
happiness of others: and now, in the very prime of life, you desert
your principles, and shut yourself up in useless solitude.  Will
you think of Raymond less at Windsor, the scene of your early
happiness?  Will you commune less with his departed spirit, while
you watch over and cultivate the rare excellence of his child?  You
have been sadly visited; nor do I wonder that a feeling akin to
insanity should drive you to bitter and unreasonable imaginings.
But a home of love awaits you in your native England.  My
tenderness and affection must soothe you; the society of Raymond's
friends will be of more solace than these dreary speculations.  We
will all make it our first care, our dearest task, to contribute to
your happiness."

Perdita shook her head; "If it could be so," she replied, "I were
much in the wrong to disdain your offers.  But it is not a matter
of choice; I can live here only.  I am a part of this scene; each
and all its properties are a part of me.  This is no sudden fancy;
I live by it.  The knowledge that I am here, rises with me in the
morning, and enables me to endure the light; it is mingled with my
food, which else were poison; it walks, it sleeps with me, for ever
it accompanies me.  Here I may even cease to repine, and may add my
tardy consent to the decree which has taken him from me.  He would
rather have died such a death, which will be recorded in history to
endless time, than have lived to old age unknown, unhonoured.  Nor
can I desire better, than, having been the chosen and beloved of
his heart, here, in youth's prime, before added years can tarnish
the best feelings of my nature, to watch his tomb, and speedily
rejoin him in his blessed repose.

"So much, my dearest Lionel, I have said, wishing to persuade you
that I do right.  If you are unconvinced, I can add nothing further
by way of argument, and I can only declare my fixed resolve.  I
stay here; force only can remove me.  Be it so; drag me away--I
return; confine me, imprison me, still I escape, and come here.
Or would my brother rather devote the heart-broken Perdita to the
straw and chains of a maniac, than suffer her to rest in peace
beneath the shadow of His society, in this my own selected and
beloved recess?"--

All this appeared to me, I own, methodized madness.  I imagined,
that it was my imperative duty to take her from scenes that thus
forcibly reminded her of her loss.  Nor did I doubt, that in the
tranquillity of our family circle at Windsor, she would recover
some degree of composure, and in the end, of happiness.  My
affection for Clara also led me to oppose these fond dreams of
cherished grief; her sensibility had already been too much excited;
her infant heedlessness too soon exchanged for deep and anxious
thought.  The strange and romantic scheme of her mother, might
confirm and perpetuate the painful view of life, which had intruded
itself thus early on her contemplation.

On returning home, the captain of the steam packet with whom I had
agreed to sail, came to tell me, that accidental circumstances
hastened his departure, and that, if I went with him, I must come
on board at five on the following morning.  I hastily gave my
consent to this arrangement, and as hastily formed a plan through
which Perdita should be forced to become my companion.  I believe
that most people in my situation would have acted in the same
manner.  Yet this consideration does not, or rather did not in
after time, diminish the reproaches of my conscience.  At the
moment, I felt convinced that I was acting for the best, and that
all I did was right and even necessary.

I sat with Perdita and soothed her, by my seeming assent to her
wild scheme.  She received my concurrence with pleasure, and a
thousand times over thanked her deceiving, deceitful brother.  As
night came on, her spirits, enlivened by my unexpected concession,
regained an almost forgotten vivacity.  I pretended to be alarmed
by the feverish glow in her cheek; I entreated her to take a
composing draught; I poured out the medicine, which she took
docilely from me.  I watched her as she drank it.  Falsehood and
artifice are in themselves so hateful, that, though I still thought
I did right, a feeling of shame and guilt came painfully upon me.
I left her, and soon heard that she slept soundly under the
influence of the opiate I had administered.  She was carried thus
unconscious on board; the anchor weighed, and the wind being
favourable, we stood far out to sea; with all the canvas spread,
and the power of the engine to assist, we scudded swiftly and
steadily through the chafed element.

It was late in the day before Perdita awoke, and a longer time
elapsed before recovering from the torpor occasioned by the
laudanum, she perceived her change of situation.  She started
wildly from her couch, and flew to the cabin window.  The blue and
troubled sea sped past the vessel, and was spread shoreless around:
the sky was covered by a rack, which in its swift motion showed how
speedily she was borne away.  The creaking of the masts, the clang
of the wheels, the tramp above, all persuaded her that she was
already far from the shores of Greece.--"Where are we?" she cried,
"where are we going?"--

The attendant whom I had stationed to watch her, replied, "to

"And my brother?"--

"Is on deck, Madam."

"Unkind! unkind!" exclaimed the poor victim, as with a deep sigh
she looked on the waste of waters.  Then without further remark,
she threw herself on her couch, and closing her eyes remained
motionless; so that but for the deep sighs that burst from her, it
would have seemed that she slept.

As soon as I heard that she had spoken, I sent Clara to her, that
the sight of the lovely innocent might inspire gentle and
affectionate thoughts.  But neither the presence of her child, nor
a subsequent visit from me, could rouse my sister.  She looked on
Clara with a countenance of woeful meaning, but she did not speak.
When I appeared, she turned away, and in reply to my inquiries,
only said, "You know not what you have done!"--I trusted that this
sullenness betokened merely the struggle between disappointment and
natural affection, and that in a few days she would be reconciled
to her fate.

When night came on, she begged that Clara might sleep in a separate
cabin.  Her servant, however, remained with her.  About midnight
she spoke to the latter, saying that she had had a bad dream, and
bade her go to her daughter, and bring word whether she rested
quietly.  The woman obeyed.

The breeze, that had flagged since sunset, now rose again.  I was
on deck, enjoying our swift progress.  The quiet was disturbed only
by the rush of waters as they divided before the steady keel, the
murmur of the moveless and full sails, the wind whistling in the
shrouds, and the regular motion of the engine.  The sea was gently
agitated, now showing a white crest, and now resuming an uniform
hue; the clouds had disappeared; and dark ether clipped the broad
ocean, in which the constellations vainly sought their accustomed
mirror.  Our rate could not have been less than eight knots.

Suddenly I heard a splash in the sea.  The sailors on watch rushed
to the side of the vessel, with the cry--some one gone overboard.
"It is not from deck," said the man at the helm, "something has
been thrown from the aft cabin."  A call for the boat to be lowered
was echoed from the deck.  I rushed into my sister's cabin; it was

With sails abaft, the engine stopped, the vessel remained
unwillingly stationary, until, after an hour's search, my poor
Perdita was brought on board.  But no care could re-animate her, no
medicine cause her dear eyes to open, and the blood to flow again
from her pulseless heart.  One clenched hand contained a slip of
paper, on which was written, "To Athens." To ensure her removal
thither, and prevent the irrecoverable loss of her body in the wide
sea, she had had the precaution to fasten a long shawl round her
waist, and again to the stanchions of the cabin window.  She had
drifted somewhat under the keel of the vessel, and her being out of
sight occasioned the delay in finding her.  And thus the ill-
starred girl died a victim to my senseless rashness.  Thus, in
early day, she left us for the company of the dead, and preferred
to share the rocky grave of Raymond, before the animated scene this
cheerful earth afforded, and the society of loving friends.  Thus
in her twenty-ninth year she died; having enjoyed some few years of
the happiness of paradise, and sustaining a reverse to which her
impatient spirit and affectionate disposition were unable to
submit.  As I marked the placid expression that had settled on her
countenance in death, I felt, in spite of the pangs of remorse, in
spite of heart-rending regret, that it was better to die so, than
to drag on long, miserable years of repining and inconsolable

Stress of weather drove us up the Adriatic Gulf; and, our vessel
being hardly fitted to weather a storm, we took refuge in the port
of Ancona.  Here I met Georgio Palli, the vice-admiral of the Greek
fleet, a former friend and warm partisan of Raymond.  I committed
the remains of my lost Perdita to his care, for the purpose of
having them transported to Hymettus, and placed in the cell her
Raymond already occupied beneath the pyramid.  This was all
accomplished even as I wished.  She reposed beside her beloved, and
the tomb above was inscribed with the united names of Raymond and

I then came to a resolution of pursuing our journey to England
overland.  My own heart was racked by regrets and remorse.  The
apprehension, that Raymond had departed for ever, that his name,
blended eternally with the past, must be erased from every
anticipation of the future, had come slowly upon me.  I had always
admired his talents; his noble aspirations; his grand conceptions
of the glory and majesty of his ambition: his utter want of mean
passions; his fortitude and daring.  In Greece I had learnt to love
him; his very waywardness, and self-abandonment to the impulses of
superstition, attached me to him doubly; it might be weakness, but
it was the antipodes of all that was grovelling and selfish.  To
these pangs were added the loss of Perdita, lost through my own
accursed self-will and conceit.  This dear one, my sole relation;
whose progress I had marked from tender childhood through the
varied path of life, and seen her throughout conspicuous for
integrity, devotion, and true affection; for all that constitutes
the peculiar graces of the female character, and beheld her at last
the victim of too much loving, too constant an attachment to the
perishable and lost, she, in her pride of beauty and life, had
thrown aside the pleasant perception of the apparent world for the
unreality of the grave, and had left poor Clara quite an orphan.  I
concealed from this beloved child that her mother's death was
voluntary, and tried every means to awaken cheerfulness in her
sorrow-stricken spirit.

One of my first acts for the recovery even of my own composure, was
to bid farewell to the sea.  Its hateful splash renewed again and
again to my sense the death of my sister; its roar was a dirge; in
every dark hull that was tossed on its inconstant bosom, I imaged a
bier, that would convey to death all who trusted to its treacherous
smiles.  Farewell to the sea!  Come, my Clara, sit beside me in
this aerial bark; quickly and gently it cleaves the azure serene,
and with soft undulation glides upon the current of the air; or, if
storm shake its fragile mechanism, the green earth is below; we can
descend, and take shelter on the stable continent.  Here aloft, the
companions of the swift-winged birds, we skim through the
unresisting element, fleetly and fearlessly.  The light boat heaves
not, nor is opposed by death-bearing waves; the ether opens before
the prow, and the shadow of the globe that upholds it, shelters us
from the noon-day sun.  Beneath are the plains of Italy, or the
vast undulations of the wave-like Apennines: fertility reposes in
their many folds, and woods crown the summits.  The free and happy
peasant, unshackled by the Austrian, bears the double harvest to
the garner; and the refined citizens rear without dread the long
blighted tree of knowledge in this garden of the world.  We were
lifted above the Alpine peaks, and from their deep and brawling
ravines entered the plain of fair France, and after an airy journey
of six days, we landed at Dieppe, furled the feathered wings, and
closed the silken globe of our little pinnace.  A heavy rain made
this mode of travelling now incommodious; so we embarked in a steam-
packet, and after a short passage landed at Portsmouth.

A strange story was rife here.  A few days before, a tempest-struck
vessel had appeared off the town: the hull was parched-looking and
cracked, the sails rent, and bent in a careless, unseamanlike
manner, the shrouds tangled and broken.  She drifted towards the
harbour, and was stranded on the sands at the entrance.  In the
morning the custom-house officers, together with a crowd of idlers,
visited her.  One only of the crew appeared to have arrived with
her.  He had got to shore, and had walked a few paces towards the
town, and then, vanquished by malady and approaching death, had
fallen on the inhospitable beach.  He was found stiff, his hands
clenched, and pressed against his breast.  His skin, nearly black,
his matted hair and bristly beard, were signs of a long protracted
misery.  It was whispered that he had died of the plague.  No one
ventured on board the vessel, and strange sights were averred to be
seen at night, walking the deck, and hanging on the masts and
shrouds.  She soon went to pieces; I was shown where she had been,
and saw her disjoined timbers tossed on the waves.  The body of the
man who had landed, had been buried deep in the sands; and none
could tell more, than that the vessel was American built, and that
several months before the Fortunatas had sailed from Philadelphia,
of which no tidings were afterwards received.


I returned to my family estate in the autumn of the year 2092.  My
heart had long been with them; and I felt sick with the hope and
delight of seeing them again.  The district which contained them
appeared the abode of every kindly spirit.  Happiness, love and
peace, walked the forest paths, and tempered the atmosphere.  After
all the agitation and sorrow I had endured in Greece, I sought
Windsor, as the storm-driven bird does the nest in which it may
fold its wings in tranquillity.

How unwise had the wanderers been, who had deserted its shelter,
entangled themselves in the web of society, and entered on what men
of the world call "life,"--that labyrinth of evil, that scheme of
mutual torture.  To live, according to this sense of the word, we
must not only observe and learn, we must also feel; we must not be
mere spectators of action, we must act; we must not describe, but
be subjects of description.  Deep sorrow must have been the inmate
of our bosoms; fraud must have lain in wait for us; the artful must
have deceived us; sickening doubt and false hope must have
chequered our days; hilarity and joy, that lap the soul in ecstasy,
must at times have possessed us.  Who that knows what "life" is,
would pine for this feverish species of existence?  I have lived.
I have spent days and nights of festivity; I have joined in
ambitious hopes, and exulted in victory: now,--shut the door on the
world, and build high the wall that is to separate me from the
troubled scene enacted within its precincts.  Let us live for each
other and for happiness; let us seek peace in our dear home, near
the inland murmur of streams, and the gracious waving of trees, the
beauteous vesture of earth, and sublime pageantry of the skies.
Let us leave "life," that we may live.

Idris was well content with this resolve of mine.  Her native
sprightliness needed no undue excitement, and her placid heart
reposed contented on my love, the well-being of her children, and
the beauty of surrounding nature.  Her pride and blameless ambition
was to create smiles in all around her, and to shed repose on the
fragile existence of her brother.  In spite of her tender nursing,
the health of Adrian perceptibly declined.  Walking, riding, the
common occupations of life, overcame him: he felt no pain, but
seemed to tremble for ever on the verge of annihilation.  Yet, as
he had lived on for months nearly in the same state, he did not
inspire us with any immediate fear; and, though he talked of death
as an event most familiar to his thoughts, he did not cease to
exert himself to render others happy, or to cultivate his own
astonishing powers of mind.

Winter passed away; and spring, led by the months, awakened life in
all nature.  The forest was dressed in green; the young calves
frisked on the new-sprung grass; the wind-winged shadows of light
clouds sped over the green cornfields; the hermit cuckoo repeated
his monotonous all-hail to the season; the nightingale, bird of
love and minion of the evening star, filled the woods with song;
while Venus lingered in the warm sunset, and the young green of the
trees lay in gentle relief along the clear horizon.

Delight awoke in every heart, delight and exultation; for there was
peace through all the world; the temple of Universal Janus was
shut, and man died not that year by the hand of man.

"Let this last but twelve months," said Adrian; "and earth will
become a Paradise.  The energies of man were before directed to the
destruction of his species: they now aim at its liberation and
preservation.  Man cannot repose, and his restless aspirations will
now bring forth good instead of evil.  The favoured countries of
the south will throw off the iron yoke of servitude; poverty will
quit us, and with that, sickness.  What may not the forces, never
before united, of liberty and peace achieve in this dwelling of

"Dreaming, for ever dreaming, Windsor!" said Ryland, the old
adversary of Raymond, and candidate for the Protectorate at the
ensuing election.  "Be assured that earth is not, nor ever can be
heaven, while the seeds of hell are natives of her soil.  When the
seasons have become equal, when the air breeds no disorders, when
its surface is no longer liable to blights and droughts, then
sickness will cease; when men's passions are dead, poverty will
depart.  When love is no longer akin to hate, then brotherhood will
exist: we are very far from that state at present."

"Not so far as you may suppose," observed a little old astronomer,
by name Merrival, "the poles precede slowly, but securely; in an
hundred thousand years--"

"We shall all be underground," said Ryland.

"The pole of the earth will coincide with the pole of the
ecliptic," continued the astronomer, "an universal spring will be
produced, and earth become a paradise."

"And we shall of course enjoy the benefit of the change," said
Ryland, contemptuously.

"We have strange news here," I observed.  I had the newspaper in my
hand, and, as usual, had turned to the intelligence from Greece.
"It seems that the total destruction of Constantinople, and the
supposition that winter had purified the air of the fallen city,
gave the Greeks courage to visit its site, and begin to rebuild it.
But they tell us that the curse of God is on the place, for every
one who has ventured within the walls has been tainted by the
plague; that this disease has spread in Thrace and Macedonia; and
now, fearing the virulence of infection during the coming heats, a
cordon has been drawn on the frontiers of Thessaly, and a strict
quarantine exacted."

This intelligence brought us back from the prospect of paradise,
held out after the lapse of an hundred thousand years, to the pain
and misery at present existent upon earth.  We talked of the
ravages made last year by pestilence in every quarter of the world;
and of the dreadful consequences of a second visitation.  We
discussed the best means of preventing infection, and of preserving
health and activity in a large city thus afflicted--London, for
instance.  Merrival did not join in this conversation; drawing near
Idris, he proceeded to assure her that the joyful prospect of an
earthly paradise after an hundred thousand years, was clouded to
him by the knowledge that in a certain period of time after, an
earthly hell or purgatory, would occur, when the ecliptic and
equator would be at right angles.*  Our party at length broke up;
"We are all dreaming this morning," said Ryland, "it is as wise to
discuss the probability of a visitation of the plague in our well-
governed metropolis, as to calculate the centuries which must
escape before we can grow pine-apples here in the open air."

* See an ingenious Essay, entitled "The Mythological Astronomy of
the Ancients Demonstrated," by Mackey, a shoemaker of Norwich,
printed in 1822.

But, though it seemed absurd to calculate upon the arrival of the
plague in London, I could not reflect without extreme pain on the
desolation this evil would cause in Greece.  The English for the
most part talked of Thrace and Macedonia, as they would of a lunar
territory, which, unknown to them, presented no distinct idea or
interest to the minds.  I had trod the soil.  The faces of many of
the inhabitants were familiar to me; in the towns, plains, hills,
and defiles of these countries, I had enjoyed unspeakable delight,
as I journeyed through them the year before.  Some romantic
village, some cottage, or elegant abode there situated, inhabited
by the lovely and the good, rose before my mental sight, and the
question haunted me, is the plague there also?--That same
invincible monster, which hovered over and devoured Constantinople--
that fiend more cruel than tempest, less tame than fire, is, alas,
unchained in that beautiful country--these reflections would not
allow me to rest.

The political state of England became agitated as the time drew
near when the new Protector was to be elected.  This event excited
the more interest, since it was the current report, that if the
popular candidate (Ryland) should be chosen, the question of the
abolition of hereditary rank, and other feudal relics, would come
under the consideration of parliament.  Not a word had been spoken
during the present session on any of these topics.  Every thing
would depend upon the choice of a Protector, and the elections of
the ensuing year.  Yet this very silence was awful, showing the
deep weight attributed to the question; the fear of either party to
hazard an ill-timed attack, and the expectation of a furious
contention when it should begin.

But although St. Stephen's did not echo with the voice which filled
each heart, the newspapers teemed with nothing else; and in private
companies the conversation however remotely begun, soon verged
towards this central point, while voices were lowered and chairs
drawn closer.  The nobles did not hesitate to express their fear;
the other party endeavoured to treat the matter lightly.  "Shame on
the country," said Ryland, "to lay so much stress upon words and
frippery; it is a question of nothing; of the new painting of
carriage-panels and the embroidery of footmen's coats."

Yet could England indeed doff her lordly trappings, and be content
with the democratic style of America?  Were the pride of ancestry,
the patrician spirit, the gentle courtesies and refined pursuits,
splendid attributes of rank, to be erased among us?  We were told
that this would not be the case; that we were by nature a poetical
people, a nation easily duped by words, ready to array clouds in
splendour, and bestow honour on the dust.  This spirit we could
never lose; and it was to diffuse this concentrated spirit of
birth, that the new law was to be brought forward.  We were assured
that, when the name and title of Englishman was the sole patent of
nobility, we should all be noble; that when no man born under
English sway, felt another his superior in rank, courtesy and
refinement would become the birth-right of all our countrymen.  Let
not England be so far disgraced, as to have it imagined that it can
be without nobles, nature's true nobility, who bear their patent in
their mien, who are from their cradle elevated above the rest of
their species, because they are better than the rest.  Among a race
of independent, and generous, and well educated men, in a country
where the imagination is empress of men's minds, there needs be no
fear that we should want a perpetual succession of the high-born
and lordly.  That party, however, could hardly yet be considered a
minority in the kingdom, who extolled the ornament of the column,
"the Corinthian capital of polished society;" they appealed to
prejudices without number, to old attachments and young hopes; to
the expectation of thousands who might one day become peers; they
set up as a scarecrow, the spectre of all that was sordid, mechanic
and base in the commercial republics.

The plague had come to Athens.  Hundreds of English residents
returned to their own country.  Raymond's beloved Athenians, the
free, the noble people of the divinest town in Greece, fell like
ripe corn before the merciless sickle of the adversary.  Its
pleasant places were deserted; its temples and palaces were
converted into tombs; its energies, bent before towards the highest
objects of human ambition, were now forced to converge to one
point, the guarding against the innumerable arrows of the plague.

At any other time this disaster would have excited extreme
compassion among us; but it was now passed over, while each mind
was engaged by the coming controversy.  It was not so with me; and
the question of rank and right dwindled to insignificance in my
eyes, when I pictured the scene of suffering Athens.  I heard of
the death of only sons; of wives and husbands most devoted; of the
rending of ties twisted with the heart's fibres, of friend losing
friend, and young mothers mourning for their first born; and these
moving incidents were grouped and painted in my mind by the
knowledge of the persons, by my esteem and affection for the
sufferers.  It was the admirers, friends, fellow soldiers of
Raymond, families that had welcomed Perdita to Greece, and lamented
with her the loss of her lord, that were swept away, and went to
dwell with them in the undistinguishing tomb.

The plague at Athens had been preceded and caused by the contagion
from the East; and the scene of havoc and death continued to be
acted there, on a scale of fearful magnitude.  A hope that the
visitation of the present year would prove the last, kept up the
spirits of the merchants connected with these countries; but the
inhabitants were driven to despair, or to a resignation which,
arising from fanaticism, assumed the same dark hue.  America had
also received the taint; and, were it yellow fever or plague, the
epidemic was gifted with a virulence before unfelt.  The
devastation was not confined to the towns, but spread throughout
the country; the hunter died in the woods, the peasant in the corn-
fields, and the fisher on his native waters.

A strange story was brought to us from the East, to which little
credit would have been given, had not the fact been attested by a
multitude of witnesses, in various parts of the world.  On the
twenty-first of June, it was said that an hour before noon, a black
sun arose: an orb, the size of that luminary, but dark, defined,
whose beams were shadows, ascended from the west; in about an hour
it had reached the meridian, and eclipsed the bright parent of day.
Night fell upon every country, night, sudden, rayless, entire.  The
stars came out, shedding their ineffectual glimmerings on the light-
widowed earth.  But soon the dim orb passed from over the sun, and
lingered down the eastern heaven.  As it descended, its dusky rays
crossed the brilliant ones of the sun, and deadened or distorted
them.  The shadows of things assumed strange and ghastly shapes.
The wild animals in the woods took fright at the unknown shapes
figured on the ground.  They fled they knew not whither; and the
citizens were filled with greater dread, at the convulsion which
"shook lions into civil streets;"--birds, strong-winged eagles,
suddenly blinded, fell in the market-places, while owls and bats
showed themselves welcoming the early night.  Gradually the object
of fear sank beneath the horizon, and to the last shot up shadowy
beams into the otherwise radiant air.  Such was the tale sent us
from Asia, from the eastern extremity of Europe, and from Africa as
far west as the Golden Coast.

Whether this story were true or not, the effects were certain.
Through Asia, from the banks of the Nile to the shores of the
Caspian, from the Hellespont even to the sea of Oman, a sudden
panic was driven.  The men filled the mosques; the women, veiled,
hastened to the tombs, and carried offerings to the dead, thus to
preserve the living.  The plague was forgotten, in this new fear
which the black sun had spread; and, though the dead multiplied,
and the streets of Ispahan, of Pekin, and of Delhi were strewed
with pestilence-struck corpses, men passed on, gazing on the
ominous sky, regardless of the death beneath their feet.  The
christians sought their churches,--christian maidens, even at the
feast of roses, clad in white, with shining veils, sought, in long
procession, the places consecrated to their religion, filling the
air with their hymns; while, ever and anon, from the lips of some
poor mourner in the crowd, a voice of wailing burst, and the rest
looked up, fancying they could discern the sweeping wings of
angels, who passed over the earth, lamenting the disasters about to
fall on man.

In the sunny clime of Persia, in the crowded cities of China,
amidst the aromatic groves of Cashmere, and along the southern
shores of the Mediterranean, such scenes had place.  Even in Greece
the tale of the sun of darkness increased the fears and despair of
the dying multitude.  We, in our cloudy isle, were far removed from
danger, and the only circumstance that brought these disasters at
all home to us, was the daily arrival of vessels from the east,
crowded with emigrants, mostly English; for the Moslems, though the
fear of death was spread keenly among them, still clung together;
that, if they were to die (and if they were, death would as readily
meet them on the homeless sea, or in far England, as in Persia,)--
if they were to die, their bones might rest in earth made sacred by
the relics of true believers.  Mecca had never before been so
crowded with pilgrims; yet the Arabs neglected to pillage the
caravans, but, humble and weaponless, they joined the procession,
praying Mahomet to avert plague from their tents and deserts.

I cannot describe the rapturous delight with which I turned from
political brawls at home, and the physical evils of distant
countries, to my own dear home, to the selected abode of goodness
and love; to peace, and the interchange of every sacred sympathy.
Had I never quitted Windsor, these emotions would not have been so
intense; but I had in Greece been the prey of fear and deplorable
change; in Greece, after a period of anxiety and sorrow, I had seen
depart two, whose very names were the symbol of greatness and
virtue.  But such miseries could never intrude upon the domestic
circle left to me, while, secluded in our beloved forest, we passed
our lives in tranquillity.  Some small change indeed the progress
of years brought here; and time, as it is wont, stamped the traces
of mortality on our pleasures and expectations.

Idris, the most affectionate wife, sister and friend, was a tender
and loving mother.  The feeling was not with her as with many, a
pastime; it was a passion.  We had had three children; one, the
second in age, died while I was in Greece.  This had dashed the
triumphant and rapturous emotions of maternity with grief and fear.
Before this event, the little beings, sprung from herself, the
young heirs of her transient life, seemed to have a sure lease of
existence; now she dreaded that the pitiless destroyer might snatch
her remaining darlings, as it had snatched their brother.  The
least illness caused throes of terror; she was miserable if she
were at all absent from them; her treasure of happiness she had
garnered in their fragile being, and kept forever on the watch,
lest the insidious thief should as before steal these valued gems.
She had fortunately small cause for fear.  Alfred, now nine years
old, was an upright, manly little fellow, with radiant brow, soft
eyes, and gentle, though independent disposition.  Our youngest was
yet in infancy; but his downy cheek was sprinkled with the roses of
health, and his unwearied vivacity filled our halls with innocent

Clara had passed the age which, from its mute ignorance, was the
source of the fears of Idris.  Clara was dear to her, to all.
There was so much intelligence combined with innocence, sensibility
with forbearance, and seriousness with perfect good-humour, a
beauty so transcendent, united to such endearing simplicity, that
she hung like a pearl in the shrine of our possessions, a treasure
of wonder and excellence.

At the beginning of winter our Alfred, now nine years of age, first
went to school at Eton.  This appeared to him the primary step
towards manhood, and he was proportionably pleased.  Community of
study and amusement developed the best parts of his character, his
steady perseverance, generosity, and well-governed firmness.  What
deep and sacred emotions are excited in a father's bosom, when he
first becomes convinced that his love for his child is not a mere
instinct, but worthily bestowed, and that others, less akin,
participate his approbation!  It was supreme happiness to Idris and
myself, to find that the frankness which Alfred's open brow
indicated, the intelligence of his eyes, the tempered sensibility
of his tones, were not delusions, but indications of talents and
virtues, which would "grow with his growth, and strengthen with his
strength."  At this period, the termination of an animal's love for
its offspring,--the true affection of the human parent commences.
We no longer look on this dearest part of ourselves, as a tender
plant which we must cherish, or a plaything for an idle hour.  We
build now on his intellectual faculties, we establish our hopes on
his moral propensities.  His weakness still imparts anxiety to this
feeling, his ignorance prevents entire intimacy; but we begin to
respect the future man, and to endeavour to secure his esteem, even
as if he were our equal.  What can a parent have more at heart than
the good opinion of his child?  In all our transactions with him
our honour must be inviolate, the integrity of our relations
untainted: fate and circumstance may, when he arrives at maturity,
separate us for ever--but, as his aegis in danger, his consolation
in hardship, let the ardent youth for ever bear with him through
the rough path of life, love and honour for his parents.

We had lived so long in the vicinity of Eton, that its population
of young folks was well known to us.  Many of them had been
Alfred's playmates, before they became his school-fellows.  We now
watched this youthful congregation with redoubled interest.  We
marked the difference of character among the boys, and endeavoured
to read the future man in the stripling.  There is nothing more
lovely, to which the heart more yearns than a free-spirited boy,
gentle, brave, and generous.  Several of the Etonians had these
characteristics; all were distinguished by a sense of honour, and
spirit of enterprise; in some, as they verged towards manhood, this
degenerated into presumption; but the younger ones, lads a little
older than our own, were conspicuous for their gallant and sweet

Here were the future governors of England; the men, who, when our
ardour was cold, and our projects completed or destroyed for ever,
when, our drama acted, we doffed the garb of the hour, and assumed
the uniform of age, or of more equalising death; here were the
beings who were to carry on the vast machine of society; here were
the lovers, husbands, fathers; here the landlord, the politician,
the soldier; some fancied that they were even now ready to appear
on the stage, eager to make one among the dramatis person of
active life.  It was not long since I was like one of these
beardless aspirants; when my boy shall have obtained the place I
now hold, I shall have tottered into a grey-headed, wrinkled old
man.  Strange system! riddle of the Sphinx, most awe-striking! that
thus man remains, while we the individuals pass away.  Such is, to
borrow the words of an eloquent and philosophic writer, "the mode
of existence decreed to a permanent body composed of transitory
parts; wherein, by the disposition of a stupendous wisdom, moulding
together the great mysterious incorporation of the human race, the
whole, at one time, is never old, or middle-aged, or young, but, in
a condition of unchangeable constancy, moves on through the varied
tenor of perpetual decay, fall, renovation, and progression."*

* Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution.

Willingly do I give place to thee, dear Alfred! advance, offspring
of tender love, child of our hopes; advance a soldier on the road
to which I have been the pioneer!  I will make way for thee.  I
have already put off the carelessness of childhood, the unlined
brow, and springy gait of early years, that they may adorn thee.
Advance; and I will despoil myself still further for thy advantage.
Time shall rob me of the graces of maturity, shall take the fire
from my eyes, and agility from my limbs, shall steal the better
part of life, eager expectation and passionate love, and shower
them in double portion on thy dear head.  Advance! avail thyself of
the gift, thou and thy comrades; and in the drama you are about to
act, do not disgrace those who taught you to enter on the stage,
and to pronounce becomingly the parts assigned to you!  May your
progress be uninterrupted and secure; born during the spring-tide
of the hopes of man, may you lead up the summer to which no winter
may succeed!


Some disorder had surely crept into the course of the elements,
destroying their benignant influence.  The wind, prince of air,
raged through his kingdom, lashing the sea into fury, and subduing
the rebel earth into some sort of obedience.

     The God sends down his angry plagues from high,
     Famine and pestilence in heaps they die.
     Again in vengeance of his wrath he falls
     On their great hosts, and breaks their tottering walls;
     Arrests their navies on the ocean's plain,
     And whelms their strength with mountains of the main.*

* Elton's translation of Hesiod's Works and Days.

Their deadly power shook the flourishing countries of the south,
and during winter, even, we, in our northern retreat, began to
quake under their ill effects.

That fable is unjust, which gives the superiority to the sun over
the wind.  Who has not seen the lightsome earth, the balmy
atmosphere, and basking nature become dark, cold and ungenial, when
the sleeping wind has awoke in the east?  Or, when the dun clouds
thickly veil the sky, while exhaustless stores of rain are poured
down, until, the dank earth refusing to imbibe the superabundant
moisture, it lies in pools on the surface; when the torch of day
seems like a meteor, to be quenched; who has not seen the cloud-
stirring north arise, the streaked blue appear, and soon an opening
made in the vapours in the eye of the wind, through which the
bright azure shines?  The clouds become thin; an arch is formed for
ever rising upwards, till, the universal cope being unveiled, the
sun pours forth its rays, re-animated and fed by the breeze.

Then mighty art thou, O wind, to be throned above all other
vicegerents of nature's power; whether thou comest destroying from
the east, or pregnant with elementary life from the west; thee the
clouds obey; the sun is subservient to thee; the shoreless ocean is
thy slave!  Thou sweepest over the earth, and oaks, the growth of
centuries, submit to thy viewless axe; the snow-drift is scattered
on the pinnacles of the Alps, the avalanche thunders down their
valleys.  Thou holdest the keys of the frost, and canst first chain
and then set free the streams; under thy gentle governance the buds
and leaves are born, they flourish nursed by thee.

Why dost thou howl thus, O wind?  By day and by night for four long
months thy roarings have not ceased--the shores of the sea are
strewn with wrecks, its keel-welcoming surface has become
impassable, the earth has shed her beauty in obedience to thy
command; the frail balloon dares no longer sail on the agitated
air; thy ministers, the clouds, deluge the land with rain; rivers
forsake their banks; the wild torrent tears up the mountain path;
plain and wood, and verdant dell are despoiled of their loveliness;
our very cities are wasted by thee.  Alas, what will become of us?
It seems as if the giant waves of ocean, and vast arms of the sea,
were about to wrench the deep-rooted island from its centre; and
cast it, a ruin and a wreck, upon the fields of the Atlantic.

What are we, the inhabitants of this globe, least among the many
that people infinite space?  Our minds embrace infinity; the
visible mechanism of our being is subject to merest accident.  Day
by day we are forced to believe this.  He whom a scratch has
disorganised, he who disappears from apparent life under the
influence of the hostile agency at work around us, had the same
powers as I--I also am subject to the same laws.  In the face of
all this we call ourselves lords of the creation, wielders of the
elements, masters of life and death, and we allege in excuse of
this arrogance, that though the individual is destroyed, man
continues for ever.

Thus, losing our identity, that of which we are chiefly conscious,
we glory in the continuity of our species, and learn to regard
death without terror.  But when any whole nation becomes the victim
of the destructive powers of exterior agents, then indeed man
shrinks into insignificance, he feels his tenure of life insecure,
his inheritance on earth cut off.

I remember, after having witnessed the destructive effects of a
fire, I could not even behold a small one in a stove, without a
sensation of fear.  The mounting flames had curled round the
building, as it fell, and was destroyed.  They insinuated
themselves into the substances about them, and the impediments to
their progress yielded at their touch.  Could we take integral
parts of this power, and not be subject to its operation?  Could we
domesticate a cub of this wild beast, and not fear its growth and

Thus we began to feel, with regard to many-visaged death let loose
on the chosen districts of our fair habitation, and above all, with
regard to the plague.  We feared the coming summer.  Nations,
bordering on the already infected countries, began to enter upon
serious plans for the better keeping out of the enemy.  We, a
commercial people, were obliged to bring such schemes under
consideration; and the question of contagion became matter of
earnest disquisition.

That the plague was not what is commonly called contagious, like
the scarlet fever, or extinct small-pox, was proved.  It was called
an epidemic.  But the grand question was still unsettled of how
this epidemic was generated and increased.  If infection depended
upon the air, the air was subject to infection.  As for instance, a
typhus fever has been brought by ships to one sea-port town; yet
the very people who brought it there, were incapable of
communicating it in a town more fortunately situated.  But how are
we to judge of airs, and pronounce--in such a city plague will die
unproductive; in such another, nature has provided for it a
plentiful harvest?  In the same way, individuals may escape ninety-
nine times, and receive the death-blow at the hundredth; because
bodies are sometimes in a state to reject the infection of malady,
and at others, thirsty to imbibe it.  These reflections made our
legislators pause, before they could decide on the laws to be put
in force.  The evil was so wide-spreading, so violent and
immedicable, that no care, no prevention could be judged
superfluous, which even added a chance to our escape.

These were questions of prudence; there was no immediate necessity
for an earnest caution.  England was still secure.  France,
Germany, Italy and Spain, were interposed, walls yet without a
breach, between us and the plague.  Our vessels truly were the
sport of winds and waves, even as Gulliver was the toy of the
Brobdignagians; but we on our stable abode could not be hurt in
life or limb by these eruptions of nature.  We could not fear--we
did not.  Yet a feeling of awe, a breathless sentiment of wonder, a
painful sense of the degradation of humanity, was introduced into
every heart.  Nature, our mother, and our friend, had turned on us
a brow of menace.  She showed us plainly, that, though she
permitted us to assign her laws and subdue her apparent powers,
yet, if she put forth but a finger, we must quake.  She could take
our globe, fringed with mountains, girded by the atmosphere,
containing the condition of our being, and all that man's mind
could invent or his force achieve; she could take the ball in her
hand, and cast it into space, where life would be drunk up, and man
and all his efforts for ever annihilated.

These speculations were rife among us; yet not the less we
proceeded in our daily occupations, and our plans, whose
accomplishment demanded the lapse of many years.  No voice was
heard telling us to hold!  When foreign distresses came to be felt
by us through the channels of commerce, we set ourselves to apply
remedies.  Subscriptions were made for the emigrants, and merchants
bankrupt by the failure of trade.  The English spirit awoke to its
full activity, and, as it had ever done, set itself to resist the
evil, and to stand in the breach which diseased nature had suffered
chaos and death to make in the bounds and banks which had hitherto
kept them out.

At the commencement of summer, we began to feel, that the mischief
which had taken place in distant countries was greater than we had
at first suspected.  Quito was destroyed by an earthquake.  Mexico
laid waste by the united effects of storm, pestilence and famine.
Crowds of emigrants inundated the west of Europe; and our island
had become the refuge of thousands.  In the mean time Ryland had
been chosen Protector.  He had sought this office with eagerness,
under the idea of turning his whole forces to the suppression of
the privileged orders of our community.  His measures were
thwarted, and his schemes interrupted by this new state of things.
Many of the foreigners were utterly destitute; and their increasing
numbers at length forbade a recourse to the usual modes of relief.
Trade was stopped by the failure of the interchange of cargoes
usual between us, and America, India, Egypt and Greece.  A sudden
break was made in the routine of our lives.  In vain our Protector
and his partisans sought to conceal this truth; in vain, day after
day, he appointed a period for the discussion of the new laws
concerning hereditary rank and privilege; in vain he endeavoured to
represent the evil as partial and temporary.  These disasters came
home to so many bosoms, and, through the various channels of
commerce, were carried so entirely into every class and division of
the community, that of necessity they became the first question in
the state, the chief subjects to which we must turn our attention.

Can it be true, each asked the other with wonder and dismay, that
whole countries are laid waste, whole nations annihilated, by these
disorders in nature?  The vast cities of America, the fertile
plains of Hindustan, the crowded abodes of the Chinese, are menaced
with utter ruin.  Where late the busy multitudes assembled for
pleasure or profit, now only the sound of wailing and misery is
heard.  The air is empoisoned, and each human being inhales death,
even while in youth and health, their hopes are in the flower.  We
called to mind the plague of 1348, when it was calculated that a
third of mankind had been destroyed.  As yet western Europe was
uninfected; would it always be so?

O, yes, it would--Countrymen, fear not!  In the still uncultivated
wilds of America, what wonder that among its other giant
destroyers, Plague should be numbered!  It is of old a native of
the East, sister of the tornado, the earthquake, and the simoom.
Child of the sun, and nursling of the tropics, it would expire in
these climes.  It drinks the dark blood of the inhabitant of the
south, but it never feasts on the pale-faced Celt.  If perchance
some stricken Asiatic come among us, plague dies with him,
uncommunicated and innoxious.  Let us weep for our brethren, though
we can never experience their reverse.  Let us lament over and
assist the children of the garden of the earth.  Late we envied
their abodes, their spicy groves, fertile plains, and abundant
loveliness.  But in this mortal life extremes are always matched;
the thorn grows with the rose, the poison tree and the cinnamon
mingle their boughs.  Persia, with its cloth of gold, marble halls,
and infinite wealth, is now a tomb.  The tent of the Arab is fallen
in the sands, and his horse spurns the ground unbridled and
unsaddled.  The voice of lamentation fills the valley of Cashmere;
its dells and woods, its cool fountains, and gardens of roses, are
polluted by the dead; in Circassia and Georgia the spirit of beauty
weeps over the ruin of its favourite temple--the form of woman.

Our own distresses, though they were occasioned by the fictitious
reciprocity of commerce, increased in due proportion.  Bankers,
merchants, and manufacturers, whose trade depended on exports and
interchange of wealth, became bankrupt.  Such things, when they
happen singly, affect only the immediate parties; but the
prosperity of the nation was now shaken by frequent and extensive
losses.  Families, bred in opulence and luxury, were reduced to
beggary.  The very state of peace in which we gloried was
injurious; there were no means of employing the idle, or of sending
any overplus of population out of the country.  Even the source of
colonies was dried up, for in New Holland, Van Diemen's Land, and
the Cape of Good Hope, plague raged.  O, for some medicinal vial to
purge unwholesome nature, and bring back the earth to its
accustomed health!

Ryland was a man of strong intellects and quick and sound decision
in the usual course of things, but he stood aghast at the multitude
of evils that gathered round us.  Must he tax the landed interest
to assist our commercial population?  To do this, he must gain the
favour of the chief land-holders, the nobility of the country; and
these were his vowed enemies--he must conciliate them by abandoning
his favourite scheme of equalisation; he must confirm them in their
manorial rights; he must sell his cherished plans for the permanent
good of his country, for temporary relief.  He must aim no more at
the dear object of his ambition; throwing his arms aside, he must
for present ends give up the ultimate object of his endeavours.  He
came to Windsor to consult with us.  Every day added to his
difficulties; the arrival of fresh vessels with emigrants, the
total cessation of commerce, the starving multitude that thronged
around the palace of the Protectorate, were circumstances not to be
tampered with.  The blow was struck; the aristocracy obtained all
they wished, and they subscribed to a twelvemonths' bill, which
levied twenty per cent on all the rent-rolls of the country.

Calm was now restored to the metropolis, and to the populous
cities, before driven to desperation; and we returned to the
consideration of distant calamities, wondering if the future would
bring any alleviation to their excess.  It was August; so there
could be small hope of relief during the heats.  On the contrary,
the disease gained virulence, while starvation did its accustomed
work.  Thousands died unlamented; for beside the yet warm corpse
the mourner was stretched, made mute by death.

On the eighteenth of this month news arrived in London that the
plague was in France and Italy.  These tidings were at first
whispered about town; but no one dared express aloud the soul-
quailing intelligence.  When any one met a friend in the street, he
only cried as he hurried on, "You know!"--while the other, with an
ejaculation of fear and horror, would answer,--"What will become of
us?"  At length it was mentioned in the newspapers.  The paragraph
was inserted in an obscure part:  "We regret to state that there
can be no longer a doubt of the plague having been introduced at
Leghorn, Genoa, and Marseilles."  No word of comment followed; each
reader made his own fearful one.  We were as a man who hears that
his house is burning, and yet hurries through the streets, borne
along by a lurking hope of a mistake, till he turns the corner, and
sees his sheltering roof enveloped in a flame.  Before it had been
a rumour; but now in words inerasable, in definite and undeniable
print, the knowledge went forth.  Its obscurity of situation
rendered it the more conspicuous: the diminutive letters grew
gigantic to the bewildered eye of fear: they seemed graven with a
pen of iron, impressed by fire, woven in the clouds, stamped on the
very front of the universe.

The English, whether travellers or residents, came pouring in one
great revulsive stream, back on their own country; and with them
crowds of Italians and Spaniards.  Our little island was filled
even to bursting.  At first an unusual quantity of specie made its
appearance with the emigrants; but these people had no means of
receiving back into their hands what they spent among us.  With the
advance of summer, and the increase of the distemper, rents were
unpaid, and their remittances failed them.  It was impossible to
see these crowds of wretched, perishing creatures, late nurslings
of luxury, and not stretch out a hand to save them.  As at the
conclusion of the eighteenth century, the English unlocked their
hospitable store, for the relief of those driven from their homes
by political revolution; so now they were not backward in affording
aid to the victims of a more wide-spreading calamity.  We had many
foreign friends whom we eagerly sought out, and relieved from
dreadful penury.  Our Castle became an asylum for the unhappy.  A
little population occupied its halls.  The revenue of its
possessor, which had always found a mode of expenditure congenial
to his generous nature, was now attended to more parsimoniously,
that it might embrace a wider portion of utility.  It was not
however money, except partially, but the necessaries of life, that
became scarce.  It was difficult to find an immediate remedy.  The
usual one of imports was entirely cut off.  In this emergency, to
feed the very people to whom we had given refuge, we were obliged
to yield to the plough and the mattock our pleasure-grounds and
parks.  Live stock diminished sensibly in the country, from the
effects of the great demand in the market.  Even the poor deer, our
antlered proteges, were obliged to fall for the sake of worthier
pensioners.  The labour necessary to bring the lands to this sort
of culture, employed and fed the offcasts of the diminished

Adrian did not rest only with the exertions he could make with
regard to his own possessions.  He addressed himself to the wealthy
of the land; he made proposals in parliament little adapted to
please the rich; but his earnest pleadings and benevolent eloquence
were irresistible.  To give up their pleasure-grounds to the
agriculturist, to diminish sensibly the number of horses kept for
the purposes of luxury throughout the country, were means obvious,
but unpleasing.  Yet, to the honour of the English be it recorded,
that, although natural disinclination made them delay awhile, yet
when the misery of their fellow-creatures became glaring, an
enthusiastic generosity inspired their decrees.  The most luxurious
were often the first to part with their indulgencies.  As is common
in communities, a fashion was set.  The high-born ladies of the
country would have deemed themselves disgraced if they had now
enjoyed, what they before called a necessary, the ease of a
carriage.  Chairs, as in olden time, and Indian palanquins were
introduced for the infirm; but else it was nothing singular to see
females of rank going on foot to places of fashionable resort.  It
was more common, for all who possessed landed property to secede to
their estates, attended by whole troops of the indigent, to cut
down their woods to erect temporary dwellings, and to portion out
their parks, parterres and flower-gardens, to necessitous families.
Many of these, of high rank in their own countries, now, with hoe
in hand, turned up the soil.  It was found necessary at last to
check the spirit of sacrifice, and to remind those whose generosity
proceeded to lavish waste, that, until the present state of things
became permanent, of which there was no likelihood, it was wrong to
carry change so far as to make a reaction difficult.  Experience
demonstrated that in a year or two pestilence would cease; it were
well that in the mean time we should not have destroyed our fine
breeds of horses, or have utterly changed the face of the
ornamented portion of the country.

It may be imagined that things were in a bad state indeed, before
this spirit of benevolence could have struck such deep roots.  The
infection had now spread in the southern provinces of France.  But
that country had so many resources in the way of agriculture, that
the rush of population from one part of it to another, and its
increase through foreign emigration, was less felt than with us.
The panic struck appeared of more injury, than disease and its
natural concomitants.

Winter was hailed, a general and never-failing physician.  The
embrowning woods, and swollen rivers, the evening mists, and
morning frosts, were welcomed with gratitude.  The effects of
purifying cold were immediately felt; and the lists of mortality
abroad were curtailed each week.  Many of our visitors left us:
those whose homes were far in the south, fled delightedly from our
northern winter, and sought their native land, secure of plenty
even after their fearful visitation.  We breathed again.  What the
coming summer would bring, we knew not; but the present months were
our own, and our hopes of a cessation of pestilence were high.


I have lingered thus long on the extreme bank, the wasting shoal
that stretched into the stream of life, dallying with the shadow of
death.  Thus long, I have cradled my heart in retrospection of past
happiness, when hope was.  Why not for ever thus?  I am not
immortal; and the thread of my history might be spun out to the
limits of my existence.  But the same sentiment that first led me
to portray scenes replete with tender recollections, now bids me
hurry on.  The same yearning of this warm, panting heart, that has
made me in written words record my vagabond youth, my serene
manhood, and the passions of my soul, makes me now recoil from
further delay.  I must complete my work.

Here then I stand, as I said, beside the fleet waters of the
flowing years, and now away!  Spread the sail, and strain with oar,
hurrying by dark impending crags, adown steep rapids, even to the
sea of desolation I have reached.  Yet one moment, one brief
interval before I put from shore--once, once again let me fancy
myself as I was in 2094 in my abode at Windsor, let me close my
eyes, and imagine that the immeasurable boughs of its oaks still
shadow me, its castle walls anear.  Let fancy portray the joyous
scene of the twentieth of June, such as even now my aching heart
recalls it.

Circumstances had called me to London; here I heard talk that
symptoms of the plague had occurred in hospitals of that city.  I
returned to Windsor; my brow was clouded, my heart heavy; I entered
the Little Park, as was my custom, at the Frogmore gate, on my way
to the Castle.  A great part of these grounds had been given to
cultivation, and strips of potato-land and corn were scattered here
and there.  The rooks cawed loudly in the trees above; mixed with
their hoarse cries I heard a lively strain of music.  It was
Alfred's birthday.  The young people, the Etonians, and children of
the neighbouring gentry, held a mock fair, to which all the country
people were invited.  The park was speckled by tents, whose
flaunting colours and gaudy flags, waving in the sunshine, added to
the gaiety of the scene.  On a platform erected beneath the
terrace, a number of the younger part of the assembly were dancing.
I leaned against a tree to observe them.  The band played the wild
eastern air of Weber introduced in Abu Hassan; its volatile notes
gave wings to the feet of the dancers, while the lookers-on
unconsciously beat time.  At first the tripping measure lifted my
spirit with it, and for a moment my eyes gladly followed the mazes
of the dance.  The revulsion of thought passed like keen steel to
my heart.  Ye are all going to die, I thought; already your tomb is
built up around you.  Awhile, because you are gifted with agility
and strength, you fancy that you live: but frail is the "bower of
flesh" that encaskets life; dissoluble the silver cord than binds
you to it.  The joyous soul, charioted from pleasure to pleasure by
the graceful mechanism of well-formed limbs, will suddenly feel the
axle-tree give way, and spring and wheel dissolve in dust.  Not one
of you, O! fated crowd, can escape--not one! not my own ones! not
my Idris and her babes!  Horror and misery!  Already the gay dance
vanished, the green sward was strewn with corpses, the blue air
above became fetid with deathly exhalations.  Shriek, ye clarions!
ye loud trumpets, howl!  Pile dirge on dirge; rouse the funereal
chords; let the air ring with dire wailing; let wild discord rush
on the wings of the wind!  Already I hear it, while guardian
angels, attendant on humanity, their task achieved, hasten away,
and their departure is announced by melancholy strains; faces all
unseemly with weeping, forced open my lids; faster and faster many
groups of these woe-begone countenances thronged around, exhibiting
every variety of wretchedness--well known faces mingled with the
distorted creations of fancy.  Ashy pale, Raymond and Perdita sat
apart, looking on with sad smiles.  Adrian's countenance flitted
across, tainted by death--Idris, with eyes languidly closed and
livid lips, was about to slide into the wide grave.  The confusion
grew--their looks of sorrow changed to mockery; they nodded their
heads in time to the music, whose clang became maddening.

I felt that this was insanity--I sprang forward to throw it off; I
rushed into the midst of the crowd.  Idris saw me: with light step
she advanced; as I folded her in my arms, feeling, as I did, that I
thus enclosed what was to me a world, yet frail as the waterdrop
which the noon-day sun will drink from the water lily's cup; tears
filled my eyes, unwont to be thus moistened.  The joyful welcome of
my boys, the soft gratulation of Clara, the pressure of Adrian's
hand, contributed to unman me.  I felt that they were near, that
they were safe, yet methought this was all deceit;--the earth
reeled, the firm-enrooted trees moved--dizziness came over me--I
sank to the ground.

My beloved friends were alarmed--nay, they expressed their alarm so
anxiously, that I dared not pronounce the word plague, that hovered
on my lips, lest they should construe my perturbed looks into a
symptom, and see infection in my languor.  I had scarcely
recovered, and with feigned hilarity had brought back smiles into
my little circle, when we saw Ryland approach.

Ryland had something the appearance of a farmer; of a man whose
muscles and full grown stature had been developed under the
influence of vigorous exercise and exposure to the elements.  This
was to a great degree the case: for, though a large landed
proprietor, yet, being a projector, and of an ardent and
industrious disposition, he had on his own estate given himself up
to agricultural labours.  When he went as ambassador to the
Northern States of America, he, for some time, planned his entire
migration; and went so far as to make several journeys far westward
on that immense continent, for the purpose of choosing the site of
his new abode.  Ambition turned his thoughts from these designs--
ambition, which labouring through various lets and hindrances, had
now led him to the summit of his hopes, in making him Lord
Protector of England.

His countenance was rough but intelligent--his ample brow and quick
grey eyes seemed to look out, over his own plans, and the
opposition of his enemies.  His voice was stentorian: his hand
stretched out in debate, seemed by its gigantic and muscular form,
to warn his hearers that words were not his only weapons.  Few
people had discovered some cowardice and much infirmity of purpose
under this imposing exterior.  No man could crush a "butterfly on
the wheel" with better effect; no man better cover a speedy retreat
from a powerful adversary.  This had been the secret of his
secession at the time of Lord Raymond's election.  In the unsteady
glance of his eye, in his extreme desire to learn the opinions of
all, in the feebleness of his hand-writing, these qualities might
be obscurely traced, but they were not generally known.  He was now
our Lord Protector.  He had canvassed eagerly for this post.  His
protectorate was to be distinguished by every kind of innovation on
the aristocracy.  This his selected task was exchanged for the far
different one of encountering the ruin caused by the convulsions of
physical nature.  He was incapable of meeting these evils by any
comprehensive system; he had resorted to expedient after expedient,
and could never be induced to put a remedy in force, till it came
too late to be of use.

Certainly the Ryland that advanced towards us now, bore small
resemblance to the powerful, ironical, seemingly fearless canvasser
for the first rank among Englishmen.  Our native oak, as his
partisans called him, was visited truly by a nipping winter.  He
scarcely appeared half his usual height; his joints were unknit,
his limbs would not support him; his face was contracted, his eye
wandering; debility of purpose and dastard fear were expressed in
every gesture.

In answer to our eager questions, one word alone fell, as it were
involuntarily, from his convulsed lips:  The Plague.--"Where?"--
"Everywhere--we must fly--all fly--but whither?  No man can tell--
there is no refuge on earth, it comes on us like a thousand packs
of wolves--we must all fly--where shall you go?  Where can any of
us go?"

These words were syllabled trembling by the iron man.  Adrian
replied, "Whither indeed would you fly?  We must all remain; and do
our best to help our suffering fellow-creatures."

"Help!" said Ryland, "there is no help!--great God, who talks of
help!  All the world has the plague!"

"Then to avoid it, we must quit the world," observed Adrian, with a
gentle smile.

Ryland groaned; cold drops stood on his brow.  It was useless to
oppose his paroxysm of terror: but we soothed and encouraged him,
so that after an interval he was better able to explain to us the
ground of his alarm.  It had come sufficiently home to him.  One of
his servants, while waiting on him, had suddenly fallen down dead.
The physician declared that he died of the plague.  We endeavoured
to calm him--but our own hearts were not calm.  I saw the eye of
Idris wander from me to her children, with an anxious appeal to my
judgment.  Adrian was absorbed in meditation.  For myself, I own
that Ryland's words rang in my ears; all the world was infected;--
in what uncontaminated seclusion could I save my beloved treasures,
until the shadow of death had passed from over the earth?  We sunk
into silence: a silence that drank in the doleful accounts and
prognostications of our guest.

We had receded from the crowd; and ascending the steps of the
terrace, sought the Castle.  Our change of cheer struck those
nearest to us; and, by means of Ryland's servants, the report soon
spread that he had fled from the plague in London.  The sprightly
parties broke up--they assembled in whispering groups.  The spirit
of gaiety was eclipsed; the music ceased; the young people left
their occupations and gathered together.  The lightness of heart
which had dressed them in masquerade habits, had decorated their
tents, and assembled them in fantastic groups, appeared a sin
against, and a provocative to, the awful destiny that had laid its
palsying hand upon hope and life.  The merriment of the hour was an
unholy mockery of the sorrows of man.  The foreigners whom we had
among us, who had fled from the plague in their own country, now
saw their last asylum invaded; and, fear making them garrulous,
they described to eager listeners the miseries they had beheld in
cities visited by the calamity, and gave fearful accounts of the
insidious and irremediable nature of the disease.

We had entered the Castle.  Idris stood at a window that over-
looked the park; her maternal eyes sought her own children among
the young crowd.  An Italian lad had got an audience about him, and
with animated gestures was describing some scene of horror.  Alfred
stood immoveable before him, his whole attention absorbed.  Little
Evelyn had endeavoured to draw Clara away to play with him; but the
Italian's tale arrested her, she crept near, her lustrous eyes
fixed on the speaker.  Either watching the crowd in the park, or
occupied by painful reflection, we were all silent; Ryland stood by
himself in an embrasure of the window; Adrian paced the hall,
revolving some new and overpowering idea--suddenly he stopped and
said:  "I have long expected this; could we in reason expect that
this island should be exempt from the universal visitation?  The
evil is come home to us, and we must not shrink from our fate.
What are your plans, my Lord Protector, for the benefit of our

"For heaven's love!  Windsor," cried Ryland, "do not mock me with
that title.  Death and disease level all men.  I neither pretend to
protect nor govern an hospital--such will England quickly become."

"Do you then intend, now in time of peril, to recede from your

"Duties! speak rationally, my Lord!--when I am a plague-spotted
corpse, where will my duties be?  Every man for himself! the devil
take the protectorship, say I, if it expose me to danger!"

"Faint-hearted man!" cried Adrian indignantly--"Your countrymen put
their trust in you, and you betray them!"

"I betray them!" said Ryland, "the plague betrays me.  Faint-
hearted!  It is well, shut up in your castle, out of danger, to
boast yourself out of fear.  Take the Protectorship who will;
before God I renounce it!"

"And before God," replied his opponent, fervently, "do I receive
it!  No one will canvass for this honour now--none envy my danger
or labours.  Deposit your powers in my hands.  Long have I fought
with death, and much" (he stretched out his thin hand) "much have I
suffered in the struggle.  It is not by flying, but by facing the
enemy, that we can conquer.  If my last combat is now about to be
fought, and I am to be worsted--so let it be!"

"But come, Ryland, recollect yourself!  Men have hitherto thought
you magnanimous and wise, will you cast aside these titles?
Consider the panic your departure will occasion.  Return to London.
I will go with you.  Encourage the people by your presence.  I will
incur all the danger.  Shame! shame! if the first magistrate of
England be foremost to renounce his duties."

Meanwhile among our guests in the park, all thoughts of festivity
had faded.  As summer-flies are scattered by rain, so did this
congregation, late noisy and happy, in sadness and melancholy
murmurs break up, dwindling away apace.  With the set sun and the
deepening twilight the park became nearly empty.  Adrian and Ryland
were still in earnest discussion.  We had prepared a banquet for
our guests in the lower hall of the castle; and thither Idris and I
repaired to receive and entertain the few that remained.  There is
nothing more melancholy than a merry-meeting thus turned to sorrow:
the gala dresses--the decorations, gay as they might otherwise be,
receive a solemn and funereal appearance.  If such change be
painful from lighter causes, it weighed with intolerable heaviness
from the knowledge that the earth's desolator had at last, even as
an arch-fiend, lightly over-leaped the boundaries our precautions
raised, and at once enthroned himself in the full and beating heart
of our country.  Idris sat at the top of the half-empty hall.  Pale
and tearful, she almost forgot her duties as hostess; her eyes were
fixed on her children.  Alfred's serious air showed that he still
revolved the tragic story related by the Italian boy.  Evelyn was
the only mirthful creature present: he sat on Clara's lap; and,
making matter of glee from his own fancies, laughed aloud.  The
vaulted roof echoed again his infant tone.  The poor mother who had
brooded long over, and suppressed the expression of her anguish,
now burst into tears, and folding her babe in her arms, hurried
from the hall.  Clara and Alfred followed.  While the rest of the
company, in confused murmur, which grew louder and louder, gave
voice to their many fears.

The younger part gathered round me to ask my advice; and those who
had friends in London were anxious beyond the rest, to ascertain
the present extent of disease in the metropolis.  I encouraged them
with such thoughts of cheer as presented themselves.  I told them
exceedingly few deaths had yet been occasioned by pestilence, and
gave them hopes, as we were the last visited, so the calamity might
have lost its most venomous power before it had reached us.  The
cleanliness, habits of order, and the manner in which our cities
were built, were all in our favour.  As it was an epidemic, its
chief force was derived from pernicious qualities in the air, and
it would probably do little harm where this was naturally
salubrious.  At first, I had spoken only to those nearest me; but
the whole assembly gathered about me, and I found that I was
listened to by all.  "My friends," I said, "our risk is common; our
precautions and exertions shall be common also.  If manly courage
and resistance can save us, we will be saved.  We will fight the
enemy to the last.  Plague shall not find us a ready prey; we will
dispute every inch of ground; and, by methodical and inflexible
laws, pile invincible barriers to the progress of our foe.  Perhaps
in no part of the world has she met with so systematic and
determined an opposition.  Perhaps no country is naturally so well
protected against our invader; nor has nature anywhere been so well
assisted by the hand of man.  We will not despair.  We are neither
cowards nor fatalists; but, believing that God has placed the means
for our preservation in our own hands, we will use those means to
our utmost.  Remember that cleanliness, sobriety, and even good-
humour and benevolence, are our best medicines."

There was little I could add to this general exhortation; for the
plague, though in London, was not among us.  I dismissed the guests
therefore; and they went thoughtful, more than sad, to await the
events in store for them.

I now sought Adrian, anxious to hear the result of his discussion
with Ryland.  He had in part prevailed; the Lord Protector
consented to return to London for a few weeks; during which time
things should be so arranged, as to occasion less consternation at
his departure.  Adrian and Idris were together.  The sadness with
which the former had first heard that the plague was in London had
vanished; the energy of his purpose informed his body with
strength, the solemn joy of enthusiasm and self-devotion
illuminated his countenance; and the weakness of his physical
nature seemed to pass from him, as the cloud of humanity did, in
the ancient fable, from the divine lover of Semele.  He was
endeavouring to encourage his sister, and to bring her to look on
his intent in a less tragic light than she was prepared to do; and
with passionate eloquence he unfolded his designs to her.

"Let me, at the first word," he said, "relieve your mind from all
fear on my account.  I will not task myself beyond my powers, nor
will I needlessly seek danger.  I feel that I know what ought to be
done, and as my presence is necessary for the accomplishment of my
plans, I will take especial care to preserve my life.

"I am now going to undertake an office fitted for me.  I cannot
intrigue, or work a tortuous path through the labyrinth of men's
vices and passions; but I can bring patience, and sympathy, and
such aid as art affords, to the bed of disease; I can raise from
earth the miserable orphan, and awaken to new hopes the shut heart
of the mourner.  I can enchain the plague in limits, and set a term
to the misery it would occasion; courage, forbearance, and
watchfulness, are the forces I bring towards this great work.

"O, I shall be something now!  From my birth I have aspired like
the eagle--but, unlike the eagle, my wings have failed, and my
vision has been blinded.  Disappointment and sickness have hitherto
held dominion over me; twin born with me, my WOULD, was for ever
enchained by the SHALL NOT, of these my tyrants.  A shepherd-boy
that tends a silly flock on the mountains, was more in the scale of
society than I.  Congratulate me then that I have found fitting
scope for my powers.  I have often thought of offering my services
to the pestilence-stricken towns of France and Italy; but fear of
paining you, and expectation of this catastrophe, withheld me.  To
England and to Englishmen I dedicate myself.  If I can save one of
her mighty spirits from the deadly shaft; if I can ward disease
from one of her smiling cottages, I shall not have lived in vain."

Strange ambition this!  Yet such was Adrian.  He appeared given up
to contemplation, averse to excitement, a lowly student, a man of
visions--but afford him worthy theme, and--

     Like to the lark at break of day arising,
     From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate.*

so did he spring up from listlessness and unproductive thought, to
the highest pitch of virtuous action.

* Shakespeare's Sonnets.

With him went enthusiasm, the high-wrought resolve, the eye that
without blenching could look at death.  With us remained sorrow,
anxiety, and unendurable expectation of evil.  The man, says Lord
Bacon, who hath wife and children, has given hostages to fortune.
Vain was all philosophical reasoning--vain all fortitude--vain,
vain, a reliance on probable good.  I might heap high the scale
with logic, courage, and resignation--but let one fear for Idris
and our children enter the opposite one, and, over-weighed, it
kicked the beam.

The plague was in London!  Fools that we were not long ago to have
foreseen this.  We wept over the ruin of the boundless continents
of the east, and the desolation of the western world; while we
fancied that the little channel between our island and the rest of
the earth was to preserve us alive among the dead.  It were no
mighty leap methinks from Calais to Dover.  The eye easily discerns
the sister land; they were united once; and the little path that
runs between looks in a map but as a trodden footway through high
grass.  Yet this small interval was to save us: the sea was to rise
a wall of adamant--without, disease and misery--within, a shelter
from evil, a nook of the garden of paradise--a particle of
celestial soil, which no evil could invade--truly we were wise in
our generation, to imagine all these things!

But we are awake now.  The plague is in London; the air of England
is tainted, and her sons and daughters strew the unwholesome earth.
And now, the sea, late our defence, seems our prison bound; hemmed
in by its gulfs, we shall die like the famished inhabitants of a
besieged town.  Other nations have a fellowship in death; but we,
shut out from all neighbourhood, must bury our own dead, and little
England become a wide, wide tomb.

This feeling of universal misery assumed concentration and shape,
when I looked on my wife and children; and the thought of danger to
them possessed my whole being with fear.  How could I save them?  I
revolved a thousand and a thousand plans.  They should not die--
first I would be gathered to nothingness, ere infection should come
anear these idols of my soul.  I would walk barefoot through the
world, to find an uninfected spot; I would build my home on some
wave-tossed plank, drifted about on the barren, shoreless ocean.  I
would betake me with them to some wild beast's den, where a tiger's
cubs, which I would slay, had been reared in health.  I would seek
the mountain eagle's eyrie, and live years suspended in some
inaccessible recess of a sea-bounding cliff--no labour too great,
no scheme too wild, if it promised life to them.  O! ye heart-
strings of mine, could ye be torn asunder, and my soul not spend
itself in tears of blood for sorrow!

Idris, after the first shock, regained a portion of fortitude.  She
studiously shut out all prospect of the future, and cradled her
heart in present blessings.  She never for a moment lost sight of
her children.  But while they in health sported about her, she
could cherish contentment and hope.  A strange and wild
restlessness came over me--the more intolerable, because I was
forced to conceal it.  My fears for Adrian were ceaseless; August
had come; and the symptoms of plague increased rapidly in London.
It was deserted by all who possessed the power of removing; and he,
the brother of my soul, was exposed to the perils from which all
but slaves enchained by circumstance fled.  He remained to combat
the fiend--his side unguarded, his toils unshared--infection might
even reach him, and he die unattended and alone.  By day and night
these thoughts pursued me.  I resolved to visit London, to see him;
to quiet these agonizing throes by the sweet medicine of hope, or
the opiate of despair.

It was not until I arrived at Brentford, that I perceived much
change in the face of the country.  The better sort of houses were
shut up; the busy trade of the town palsied; there was an air of
anxiety among the few passengers I met, and they looked wonderingly
at my carriage--the first they had seen pass towards London, since
pestilence sat on its high places, and possessed its busy streets.
I met several funerals; they were slenderly attended by mourners,
and were regarded by the spectators as omens of direst import.
Some gazed on these processions with wild eagerness--others fled
timidly--some wept aloud.

Adrian's chief endeavour, after the immediate succour of the sick,
had been to disguise the symptoms and progress of the plague from
the inhabitants of London.  He knew that fear and melancholy
forebodings were powerful assistants to disease; that desponding
and brooding care rendered the physical nature of man peculiarly
susceptible of infection.  No unseemly sights were therefore
discernible: the shops were in general open, the concourse of
passengers in some degree kept up.  But although the appearance of
an infected town was avoided, to me, who had not beheld it since
the commencement of the visitation, London appeared sufficiently
changed.  There were no carriages, and grass had sprung high in the
streets; the houses had a desolate look; most of the shutters were
closed; and there was a ghast and frightened stare in the persons I
met, very different from the usual business-like demeanour of the
Londoners.  My solitary carriage attracted notice, as it rattled
along towards the Protectoral Palace--and the fashionable streets
leading to it wore a still more dreary and deserted appearance.  I
found Adrian's antechamber crowded--it was his hour for giving
audience.  I was unwilling to disturb his labours, and waited,
watching the ingress and egress of the petitioners.  They consisted
of people of the middling and lower classes of society, whose means
of subsistence failed with the cessation of trade, and of the busy
spirit of money-making in all its branches, peculiar to our
country.  There was an air of anxiety, sometimes of terror in the
new-comers, strongly contrasted with the resigned and even
satisfied mien of those who had had audience.  I could read the
influence of my friend in their quickened motions and cheerful
faces.  Two o'clock struck, after which none were admitted; those
who had been disappointed went sullenly or sorrowfully away, while
I entered the audience-chamber.

I was struck by the improvement that appeared in the health of
Adrian.  He was no longer bent to the ground, like an over-nursed
flower of spring, that, shooting up beyond its strength, is weighed
down even by its own coronal of blossoms.  His eyes were bright,
his countenance composed, an air of concentrated energy was
diffused over his whole person, much unlike its former languor.  He
sat at a table with several secretaries, who were arranging
petitions, or registering the notes made during that day's
audience.  Two or three petitioners were still in attendance.  I
admired his justice and patience.  Those who possessed a power of
living out of London, he advised immediately to quit it, affording
them the means of so doing.  Others, whose trade was beneficial to
the city, or who possessed no other refuge, he provided with advice
for better avoiding the epidemic; relieving overloaded families,
supplying the gaps made in others by death.  Order, comfort, and
even health, rose under his influence, as from the touch of a
magician's wand.

"I am glad you are come," he said to me, when we were at last
alone; "I can only spare a few minutes, and must tell you much in
that time.  The plague is now in progress--it is useless closing
one's eyes to the fact--the deaths increase each week.  What will
come I cannot guess.  As yet, thank God, I am equal to the
government of the town; and I look only to the present.  Ryland,
whom I have so long detained, has stipulated that I shall suffer
him to depart before the end of this month.  The deputy appointed
by parliament is dead; another therefore must be named; I have
advanced my claim, and I believe that I shall have no competitor.
To-night the question is to be decided, as there is a call of the
house for the purpose.  You must nominate me, Lionel; Ryland, for
shame, cannot show himself; but you, my friend, will do me this

How lovely is devotion!  Here was a youth, royally sprung, bred in
luxury, by nature averse to the usual struggles of a public life,
and now, in time of danger, at a period when to live was the utmost
scope of the ambitious, he, the beloved and heroic Adrian, made, in
sweet simplicity, an offer to sacrifice himself for the public
good.  The very idea was generous and noble,--but, beyond this, his
unpretending manner, his entire want of the assumption of a virtue,
rendered his act ten times more touching.  I would have withstood
his request; but I had seen the good he diffused; I felt that his
resolves were not to be shaken, so, with an heavy heart, I
consented to do as he asked.  He grasped my hand affectionately:--
"Thank you," he said, "you have relieved me from a painful dilemma,
and are, as you ever were, the best of my friends.  Farewell--I
must now leave you for a few hours.  Go you and converse with
Ryland.  Although he deserts his post in London, he may be of the
greatest service in the north of England, by receiving and
assisting travellers, and contributing to supply the metropolis
with food.  Awaken him, I entreat you, to some sense of duty."

Adrian left me, as I afterwards learnt, upon his daily task of
visiting the hospitals, and inspecting the crowded parts of London.
I found Ryland much altered, even from what he had been when he
visited Windsor.  Perpetual fear had jaundiced his complexion, and
shrivelled his whole person.  I told him of the business of the
evening, and a smile relaxed the contracted muscles.  He desired to
go; each day he expected to be infected by pestilence, each day he
was unable to resist the gentle violence of Adrian's detention.
The moment Adrian should be legally elected his deputy, he would
escape to safety.  Under this impression he listened to all I said;
and, elevated almost to joy by the near prospect of his departure,
he entered into a discussion concerning the plans he should adopt
in his own county, forgetting, for the moment, his cherished
resolution of shutting himself up from all communication in the
mansion and grounds of his estate.

In the evening, Adrian and I proceeded to Westminster.  As we went
he reminded me of what I was to say and do, yet, strange to say, I
entered the chamber without having once reflected on my purpose.
Adrian remained in the coffee-room, while I, in compliance with his
desire, took my seat in St. Stephen's.  There reigned unusual
silence in the chamber.  I had not visited it since Raymond's
protectorate; a period conspicuous for a numerous attendance of
members, for the eloquence of the speakers, and the warmth of the
debate.  The benches were very empty, those by custom occupied by
the hereditary members were vacant; the city members were there--
the members for the commercial towns, few landed proprietors, and
not many of those who entered parliament for the sake of a career.
The first subject that occupied the attention of the house was an
address from the Lord Protector, praying them to appoint a deputy
during a necessary absence on his part.

A silence prevailed, till one of the members coming to me,
whispered that the Earl of Windsor had sent him word that I was to
move his election, in the absence of the person who had been first
chosen for this office.  Now for the first time I saw the full
extent of my task, and I was overwhelmed by what I had brought on
myself.  Ryland had deserted his post through fear of the plague:
from the same fear Adrian had no competitor.  And I, the nearest
kinsman of the Earl of Windsor, was to propose his election.  I was
to thrust this selected and matchless friend into the post of
danger--impossible! the die was cast--I would offer myself as

The few members who were present, had come more for the sake of
terminating the business by securing a legal attendance, than under
the idea of a debate.  I had risen mechanically--my knees trembled;
irresolution hung on my voice, as I uttered a few words on the
necessity of choosing a person adequate to the dangerous task in
hand.  But, when the idea of presenting myself in the room of my
friend intruded, the load of doubt and pain was taken from off me.
My words flowed spontaneously--my utterance was firm and quick.  I
adverted to what Adrian had already done--I promised the same
vigilance in furthering all his views.  I drew a touching picture
of his vacillating health; I boasted of my own strength.  I prayed
them to save even from himself this scion of the noblest family in
England.  My alliance with him was the pledge of my sincerity, my
union with his sister, my children, his presumptive heirs, were the
hostages of my truth.

This unexpected turn in the debate was quickly communicated to
Adrian.  He hurried in, and witnessed the termination of my
impassioned harangue.  I did not see him: my soul was in my words,--
my eyes could not perceive that which was; while a vision of
Adrian's form, tainted by pestilence, and sinking in death, floated
before them.  He seized my hand, as I concluded--"Unkind!" he
cried, "you have betrayed me!" then, springing forwards, with the
air of one who had a right to command, he claimed the place of
deputy as his own.  He had bought it, he said, with danger, and
paid for it with toil.  His ambition rested there; and, after an
interval devoted to the interests of his country, was I to step in,
and reap the profit?  Let them remember what London had been when
he arrived: the panic that prevailed brought famine, while every
moral and legal tie was loosened.  He had restored order--this had
been a work which required perseverance, patience, and energy; and
he had neither slept nor waked but for the good of his country.--
Would they dare wrong him thus?  Would they wrest his hard-earned
reward from him, to bestow it on one, who, never having mingled in
public life, would come a tyro to the craft, in which he was an
adept.  He demanded the place of deputy as his right.  Ryland had
shown that he preferred him.  Never before had he, who was born
even to the inheritance of the throne of England, never had he
asked favour or honour from those now his equals, but who might
have been his subjects.  Would they refuse him?  Could they thrust
back from the path of distinction and laudable ambition, the heir
of their ancient kings, and heap another disappointment on a fallen

No one had ever before heard Adrian allude to the rights of his
ancestors.  None had ever before suspected, that power, or the
suffrage of the many, could in any manner become dear to him.  He
had begun his speech with vehemence; he ended with unassuming
gentleness, making his appeal with the same humility, as if he had
asked to be the first in wealth, honour, and power among
Englishmen, and not, as was the truth, to be the foremost in the
ranks of loathsome toils and inevitable death.  A murmur of
approbation rose after his speech.  "Oh, do not listen to him," I
cried, "he speaks false--false to himself,"--I was interrupted:
and, silence being restored, we were ordered, as was the custom, to
retire during the decision of the house.  I fancied that they
hesitated, and that there was some hope for me--I was mistaken--
hardly had we quitted the chamber, before Adrian was recalled, and
installed in his office of Lord Deputy to the Protector.

We returned together to the palace.  "Why, Lionel," said Adrian,
"what did you intend? you could not hope to conquer, and yet you
gave me the pain of a triumph over my dearest friend."

"This is mockery," I replied, "you devote yourself,--you, the
adored brother of Idris, the being, of all the world contains,
dearest to our hearts--you devote yourself to an early death.  I
would have prevented this; my death would be a small evil--or
rather I should not die; while you cannot hope to escape."

"As to the likelihood of escaping," said Adrian, "ten years hence
the cold stars may shine on the graves of all of us; but as to my
peculiar liability to infection, I could easily prove, both
logically and physically, that in the midst of contagion I have a
better chance of life than you.

"This is my post: I was born for this--to rule England in anarchy,
to save her in danger--to devote myself for her.  The blood of my
forefathers cries aloud in my veins, and bids me be first among my
countrymen.  Or, if this mode of speech offend you, let me say,
that my mother, the proud queen, instilled early into me a love of
distinction, and all that, if the weakness of my physical nature
and my peculiar opinions had not prevented such a design, might
have made me long since struggle for the lost inheritance of my
race.  But now my mother, or, if you will, my mother's lessons,
awaken within me.  I cannot lead on to battle; I cannot, through
intrigue and faithlessness rear again the throne upon the wreck of
English public spirit.  But I can be the first to support and guard
my country, now that terrific disasters and ruin have laid strong
hands upon her.

"That country and my beloved sister are all I have.  I will protect
the first--the latter I commit to your charge.  If I survive, and
she be lost, I were far better dead.  Preserve her--for her own
sake I know that you will--if you require any other spur, think
that, in preserving her, you preserve me.  Her faultless nature,
one sum of perfections, is wrapt up in her affections--if they were
hurt, she would droop like an unwatered floweret, and the slightest
injury they receive is a nipping frost to her.  Already she fears
for us.  She fears for the children she adores, and for you, the
father of these, her lover, husband, protector; and you must be
near her to support and encourage her.  Return to Windsor then, my
brother; for such you are by every tie--fill the double place my
absence imposes on you, and let me, in all my sufferings here, turn
my eyes towards that dear seclusion, and say--There is peace."


I did proceed to Windsor, but not with the intention of remaining
there.  I went but to obtain the consent of Idris, and then to
return and take my station beside my unequalled friend; to share
his labours, and save him, if so it must be, at the expense of my
life.  Yet I dreaded to witness the anguish which my resolve might
excite in Idris.  I had vowed to my own heart never to shadow her
countenance even with transient grief, and should I prove recreant
at the hour of greatest need?  I had begun my journey with anxious
haste; now I desired to draw it out through the course of days and
months.  I longed to avoid the necessity of action; I strove to
escape from thought--vainly--futurity, like a dark image in a
phantasmagoria, came nearer and more near, till it clasped the
whole earth in its shadow.

A slight circumstance induced me to alter my usual route, and to
return home by Egham and Bishopgate.  I alighted at Perdita's
ancient abode, her cottage; and, sending forward the carriage,
determined to walk across the park to the castle.  This spot,
dedicated to sweetest recollections, the deserted house and
neglected garden were well adapted to nurse my melancholy.  In our
happiest days, Perdita had adorned her cottage with every aid art
might bring, to that which nature had selected to favour.  In the
same spirit of exaggeration she had, on the event of her separation
from Raymond, caused it to be entirely neglected.  It was now in
ruin: the deer had climbed the broken palings, and reposed among
the flowers; grass grew on the threshold, and the swinging lattice
creaking to the wind, gave signal of utter desertion.  The sky was
blue above, and the air impregnated with fragrance by the rare
flowers that grew among the weeds.  The trees moved overhead,
awakening nature's favourite melody--but the melancholy appearance
of the choked paths, and weed-grown flower-beds, dimmed even this
gay summer scene.  The time when in proud and happy security we
assembled at this cottage, was gone--soon the present hours would
join those past, and shadows of future ones rose dark and menacing
from the womb of time, their cradle and their bier.  For the first
time in my life I envied the sleep of the dead, and thought with
pleasure of one's bed under the sod, where grief and fear have no
power.  I passed through the gap of the broken paling--I felt,
while I disdained, the choking tears--I rushed into the depths of
the forest.  O death and change, rulers of our life, where are ye,
that I may grapple with you!  What was there in our tranquillity,
that excited your envy--in our happiness, that ye should destroy
it?  We were happy, loving, and beloved; the horn of Amalthea
contained no blessing unshowered upon us, but, alas!

          la fortuna
     deidad barbara importuna,
     oy cadaver y ayer flor,
     no permanece jamas!*

* Calderon de la Barca.

As I wandered on thus ruminating, a number of country people passed
me.  They seemed full of careful thought, and a few words of their
conversation that reached me, induced me to approach and make
further inquiries.  A party of people flying from London, as was
frequent in those days, had come up the Thames in a boat.  No one
at Windsor would afford them shelter; so, going a little further
up, they remained all night in a deserted hut near Bolter's lock.
They pursued their way the following morning, leaving one of their
company behind them, sick of the plague.  This circumstance once
spread abroad, none dared approach within half a mile of the
infected neighbourhood, and the deserted wretch was left to fight
with disease and death in solitude, as he best might.  I was urged
by compassion to hasten to the hut, for the purpose of ascertaining
his situation, and administering to his wants.

As I advanced I met knots of country-people talking earnestly of
this event: distant as they were from the apprehended contagion,
fear was impressed on every countenance.  I passed by a group of
these terrorists, in a lane in the direct road to the hut.  One of
them stopped me, and, conjecturing that I was ignorant of the
circumstance, told me not to go on, for that an infected person lay
but at a short distance.

"I know it," I replied, "and I am going to see in what condition
the poor fellow is."

A murmur of surprise and horror ran through the assembly.  I
continued:--"This poor wretch is deserted, dying, succourless; in
these unhappy times, God knows how soon any or all of us may be in
like want.  I am going to do, as I would be done by."

"But you will never be able to return to the Castle--Lady Idris--
his children--" in confused speech were the words that struck my

"Do you not know, my friends," I said, "that the Earl himself, now
Lord Protector, visits daily, not only those probably infected by
this disease, but the hospitals and pest houses, going near, and
even touching the sick? yet he was never in better health.  You
labour under an entire mistake as to the nature of the plague; but
do not fear, I do not ask any of you to accompany me, nor to
believe me, until I return safe and sound from my patient."

So I left them, and hurried on.  I soon arrived at the hut: the
door was ajar.  I entered, and one glance assured me that its
former inhabitant was no more--he lay on a heap of straw, cold and
stiff; while a pernicious effluvia filled the room, and various
stains and marks served to show the virulence of the disorder.

I had never before beheld one killed by pestilence.  While every
mind was full of dismay at its effects, a craving for excitement
had led us to peruse De Foe's account, and the masterly
delineations of the author of Arthur Mervyn.  The pictures drawn in
these books were so vivid, that we seemed to have experienced the
results depicted by them.  But cold were the sensations excited by
words, burning though they were, and describing the death and
misery of thousands, compared to what I felt in looking on the
corpse of this unhappy stranger.  This indeed was the plague.  I
raised his rigid limbs, I marked the distortion of his face, and
the stony eyes lost to perception.  As I was thus occupied, chill
horror congealed my blood, making my flesh quiver and my hair to
stand on end.  Half insanely I spoke to the dead.  So the plague
killed you, I muttered.  How came this?  Was the coming painful?
You look as if the enemy had tortured, before he murdered you.  And
now I leapt up precipitately, and escaped from the hut, before
nature could revoke her laws, and inorganic words be breathed in
answer from the lips of the departed.

On returning through the lane, I saw at a distance the same
assemblage of persons which I had left.  They hurried away, as soon
as they saw me; my agitated mien added to their fear of coming near
one who had entered within the verge of contagion.

At a distance from facts one draws conclusions which appear
infallible, which yet when put to the test of reality, vanish like
unreal dreams.  I had ridiculed the fears of my countrymen, when
they related to others; now that they came home to myself, I
paused.  The Rubicon, I felt, was passed; and it behoved me well to
reflect what I should do on this hither side of disease and danger.
According to the vulgar superstition, my dress, my person, the air
I breathed, bore in it mortal danger to myself and others.  Should
I return to the Castle, to my wife and children, with this taint
upon me?  Not surely if I were infected; but I felt certain that I
was not--a few hours would determine the question--I would spend
these in the forest, in reflection on what was to come, and what my
future actions were to be.  In the feeling communicated to me by
the sight of one struck by the plague, I forgot the events that had
excited me so strongly in London; new and more painful prospects,
by degrees were cleared of the mist which had hitherto veiled them.
The question was no longer whether I should share Adrian's toils
and danger; but in what manner I could, in Windsor and the
neighbourhood, imitate the prudence and zeal which, under his
government, produced order and plenty in London, and how, now
pestilence had spread more widely, I could secure the health of my
own family.

I spread the whole earth out as a map before me.  On no one spot of
its surface could I put my finger and say, here is safety.  In the
south, the disease, virulent and immedicable, had nearly
annihilated the race of man; storm and inundation, poisonous winds
and blights, filled up the measure of suffering.  In the north it
was worse--the lesser population gradually declined, and famine and
plague kept watch on the survivors, who, helpless and feeble, were
ready to fall an easy prey into their hands.

I contracted my view to England.  The overgrown metropolis, the
great heart of mighty Britain, was pulseless.  Commerce had ceased.
All resort for ambition or pleasure was cut off--the streets were
grass-grown--the houses empty--the few, that from necessity
remained, seemed already branded with the taint of inevitable
pestilence.  In the larger manufacturing towns the same tragedy was
acted on a smaller, yet more disastrous scale.  There was no Adrian
to superintend and direct, while whole flocks of the poor were
struck and killed.

Yet we were not all to die.  No truly, though thinned, the race of
man would continue, and the great plague would, in after years,
become matter of history and wonder.  Doubtless this visitation was
for extent unexampled--more need that we should work hard to
dispute its progress; ere this men have gone out in sport, and
slain their thousands and tens of thousands; but now man had become
a creature of price; the life of one of them was of more worth than
the so called treasures of kings.  Look at his thought-endued
countenance, his graceful limbs, his majestic brow, his wondrous
mechanism--the type and model of this best work of God is not to be
cast aside as a broken vessel--he shall be preserved, and his
children and his children's children carry down the name and form
of man to latest time.

Above all I must guard those entrusted by nature and fate to my
especial care.  And surely, if among all my fellow-creatures I were
to select those who might stand forth examples of the greatness and
goodness of man, I could choose no other than those allied to me by
the most sacred ties.  Some from among the family of man must
survive, and these should be among the survivors; that should be my
task--to accomplish it my own life were a small sacrifice.  There
then in that castle--in Windsor Castle, birth-place of Idris and my
babes, should be the haven and retreat for the wrecked bark of
human society.  Its forest should be our world--its garden afford
us food; within its walls I would establish the shaken throne of
health.  I was an outcast and a vagabond, when Adrian gently threw
over me the silver net of love and civilization, and linked me
inextricably to human charities and human excellence.  I was one,
who, though an aspirant after good, and an ardent lover of wisdom,
was yet unenrolled in any list of worth, when Idris, the princely
born, who was herself the personification of all that was divine in
woman, she who walked the earth like a poet's dream, as a carved
goddess endued with sense, or pictured saint stepping from the
canvas--she, the most worthy, chose me, and gave me herself--a
priceless gift.

During several hours I continued thus to meditate, till hunger and
fatigue brought me back to the passing hour, then marked by long
shadows cast from the descending sun.  I had wandered towards
Bracknell, far to the west of Windsor.  The feeling of perfect
health which I enjoyed, assured me that I was free from contagion.
I remembered that Idris had been kept in ignorance of my
proceedings.  She might have heard of my return from London, and my
visit to Bolter's Lock, which, connected with my continued absence,
might tend greatly to alarm her.  I returned to Windsor by the Long
Walk, and passing through the town towards the Castle, I found it
in a state of agitation and disturbance.

"It is too late to be ambitious," says Sir Thomas Browne.  "We
cannot hope to live so long in our names as some have done in their
persons; one face of Janus holds no proportion to the other."  Upon
this text many fanatics arose, who prophesied that the end of time
was come.  The spirit of superstition had birth, from the wreck of
our hopes, and antics wild and dangerous were played on the great
theatre, while the remaining particle of futurity dwindled into a
point in the eyes of the prognosticators.  Weak-spirited women died
of fear as they listened to their denunciations; men of robust form
and seeming strength fell into idiocy and madness, racked by the
dread of coming eternity.  A man of this kind was now pouring forth
his eloquent despair among the inhabitants of Windsor.  The scene
of the morning, and my visit to the dead, which had been spread
abroad, had alarmed the country-people, so they had become fit
instruments to be played upon by a maniac.

The poor wretch had lost his young wife and lovely infant by the
plague.  He was a mechanic; and, rendered unable to attend to the
occupation which supplied his necessities, famine was added to his
other miseries.  He left the chamber which contained his wife and
child--wife and child no more, but "dead earth upon the earth"--
wild with hunger, watching and grief, his diseased fancy made him
believe himself sent by heaven to preach the end of time to the
world.  He entered the churches, and foretold to the congregations
their speedy removal to the vaults below.  He appeared like the
forgotten spirit of the time in the theatres, and bade the
spectators go home and die.  He had been seized and confined; he
had escaped and wandered from London among the neighbouring towns,
and, with frantic gestures and thrilling words, he unveiled to each
their hidden fears, and gave voice to the soundless thought they
dared not syllable.  He stood under the arcade of the town-hall of
Windsor, and from this elevation harangued a trembling crowd.

"Hear, O ye inhabitants of the earth," he cried, "hear thou, all
seeing, but most pitiless Heaven! hear thou too, O tempest-tossed
heart, which breathes out these words, yet faints beneath their
meaning!  Death is among us!  The earth is beautiful and flower-
bedecked, but she is our grave!  The clouds of heaven weep for us--
the pageantry of the stars is but our funeral torchlight.  Grey
headed men, ye hoped for yet a few years in your long-known abode--
but the lease is up, you must remove--children, ye will never reach
maturity, even now the small grave is dug for ye--mothers, clasp
them in your arms, one death embraces you!"

Shuddering, he stretched out his hands, his eyes cast up, seemed
bursting from their sockets, while he appeared to follow shapes, to
us invisible, in the yielding air--"There they are," he cried, "the
dead!  They rise in their shrouds, and pass in silent procession
towards the far land of their doom--their bloodless lips move not--
their shadowy limbs are void of motion, while still they glide
onwards.  We come," he exclaimed, springing forwards, "for what
should we wait?  Haste, my friends, apparel yourselves in the court-
dress of death.  Pestilence will usher you to his presence.  Why
thus long? they, the good, the wise, and the beloved, are gone
before.  Mothers, kiss you last--husbands, protectors no more, lead
on the partners of your death!  Come, O come! while the dear ones
are yet in sight, for soon they will pass away, and we never never
shall join them more."

From such ravings as these, he would suddenly become collected, and
with unexaggerated but terrific words, paint the horrors of the
time; describe with minute detail, the effects of the plague on the
human frame, and tell heart-breaking tales of the snapping of dear
affinities--the gasping horror of despair over the death-bed of the
last beloved--so that groans and even shrieks burst from the crowd.
One man in particular stood in front, his eyes fixed on the
prophet, his mouth open, his limbs rigid, while his face changed to
various colours, yellow, blue, and green, through intense fear.
The maniac caught his glance, and turned his eye on him--one has
heard of the gaze of the rattle-snake, which allures the trembling
victim till he falls within his jaws.  The maniac became composed;
his person rose higher; authority beamed from his countenance.  He
looked on the peasant, who began to tremble, while he still gazed;
his knees knocked together; his teeth chattered.  He at last fell
down in convulsions.  "That man has the plague," said the maniac
calmly.  A shriek burst from the lips of the poor wretch; and then
sudden motionlessness came over him; it was manifest to all that he
was dead.

Cries of horror filled the place--every one endeavoured to effect
his escape--in a few minutes the market place was cleared--the
corpse lay on the ground; and the maniac, subdued and exhausted,
sat beside it, leaning his gaunt cheek upon his thin hand.  Soon
some people, deputed by the magistrates, came to remove the body;
the unfortunate being saw a gaoler in each--he fled precipitately,
while I passed onwards to the Castle.

Death, cruel and relentless, had entered these beloved walls.  An
old servant, who had nursed Idris in infancy, and who lived with us
more on the footing of a revered relative than a domestic, had gone
a few days before to visit a daughter, married, and settled in the
neighbourhood of London.  On the night of her return she sickened
of the plague.  From the haughty and unbending nature of the
Countess of Windsor, Idris had few tender filial associations with
her.  This good woman had stood in the place of a mother, and her
very deficiencies of education and knowledge, by rendering her
humble and defenceless, endeared her to us--she was the especial
favourite of the children.  I found my poor girl, there is no
exaggeration in the expression, wild with grief and dread.  She
hung over the patient in agony, which was not mitigated when her
thoughts wandered towards her babes, for whom she feared infection.
My arrival was like the newly discovered lamp of a lighthouse to
sailors, who are weathering some dangerous point.  She deposited
her appalling doubts in my hands; she relied on my judgment, and
was comforted by my participation in her sorrow.  Soon our poor
nurse expired; and the anguish of suspense was changed to deep
regret, which though at first more painful, yet yielded with
greater readiness to my consolations.  Sleep, the sovereign balm,
at length steeped her tearful eyes in forgetfulness.

She slept; and quiet prevailed in the Castle, whose inhabitants
were hushed to repose.  I was awake, and during the long hours of
dead night, my busy thoughts worked in my brain, like ten thousand
mill-wheels, rapid, acute, untameable.  All slept--all England
slept; and from my window, commanding a wide prospect of the star-
illumined country, I saw the land stretched out in placid rest.  I
was awake, alive, while the brother of death possessed my race.
What, if the more potent of these fraternal deities should obtain
dominion over it?  The silence of midnight, to speak truly, though
apparently a paradox, rung in my ears.  The solitude became
intolerable--I placed my hand on the beating heart of Idris, I bent
my head to catch the sound of her breath, to assure myself that she
still existed--for a moment I doubted whether I should not awake
her; so effeminate an horror ran through my frame.--Great God!
would it one day be thus?  One day all extinct, save myself, should
I walk the earth alone?  Were these warning voices, whose
inarticulate and oracular sense forced belief upon me?

     Yet I would not call THEM
     Voices of warning, that announce to us
     Only the inevitable.  As the sun,
     Ere it is risen, sometimes paints its image
     In the atmosphere--so often do the spirits
     Of great events stride on before the events,
     And in to-day already walks to-morrow.*

* Coleridge's Translation of Schiller's Wallenstein.


After a long interval, I am again impelled by the restless spirit
within me to continue my narration; but I must alter the mode which
I have hitherto adopted.  The details contained in the foregoing
pages, apparently trivial, yet each slightest one weighing like
lead in the depressed scale of human afflictions; this tedious
dwelling on the sorrows of others, while my own were only in
apprehension; this slowly laying bare of my soul's wounds: this
journal of death; this long drawn and tortuous path, leading to the
ocean of countless tears, awakens me again to keen grief.  I had
used this history as an opiate; while it described my beloved
friends, fresh with life and glowing with hope, active assistants
on the scene, I was soothed; there will be a more melancholy
pleasure in painting the end of all.  But the intermediate steps,
the climbing the wall, raised up between what was and is, while I
still looked back nor saw the concealed desert beyond, is a labour
past my strength.  Time and experience have placed me on an height
from which I can comprehend the past as a whole; and in this way I
must describe it, bringing forward the leading incidents, and
disposing light and shade so as to form a picture in whose very
darkness there will be harmony.

It would be needless to narrate those disastrous occurrences, for
which a parallel might be found in any slighter visitation of our
gigantic calamity.  Does the reader wish to hear of the pest-
houses, where death is the comforter--of the mournful passage of
the death-cart--of the insensibility of the worthless, and the
anguish of the loving heart--of harrowing shrieks and silence dire--
of the variety of disease, desertion, famine, despair, and death?
There are many books which can feed the appetite craving for these
things; let them turn to the accounts of Boccaccio, De Foe, and
Browne.  The vast annihilation that has swallowed all things--the
voiceless solitude of the once busy earth--the lonely state of
singleness which hems me in, has deprived even such details of
their stinging reality, and mellowing the lurid tints of past
anguish with poetic hues, I am able to escape from the mosaic of
circumstance, by perceiving and reflecting back the grouping and
combined colouring of the past.

I had returned from London possessed by the idea, with the intimate
feeling that it was my first duty to secure, as well as I was able,
the well-being of my family, and then to return and take my post
beside Adrian.  The events that immediately followed on my arrival
at Windsor changed this view of things.  The plague was not in
London alone, it was every where--it came on us, as Ryland had
said, like a thousand packs of wolves, howling through the winter
night, gaunt and fierce.  When once disease was introduced into the
rural districts, its effects appeared more horrible, more exigent,
and more difficult to cure, than in towns.  There was a
companionship in suffering there, and, the neighbours keeping
constant watch on each other, and inspired by the active
benevolence of Adrian, succour was afforded, and the path of
destruction smoothed.  But in the country, among the scattered farm-
houses, in lone cottages, in fields, and barns, tragedies were
acted harrowing to the soul, unseen, unheard, unnoticed.  Medical
aid was less easily procured, food was more difficult to obtain,
and human beings, unwithheld by shame, for they were unbeheld of
their fellows, ventured on deeds of greater wickedness, or gave way
more readily to their abject fears.

Deeds of heroism also occurred, whose very mention swells the heart
and brings tears into the eyes.  Such is human nature, that beauty
and deformity are often closely linked.  In reading history we are
chiefly struck by the generosity and self-devotion that follow
close on the heels of crime, veiling with supernal flowers the
stain of blood.  Such acts were not wanting to adorn the grim train
that waited on the progress of the plague.

The inhabitants of Berkshire and Bucks had been long aware that the
plague was in London, in Liverpool, Bristol, Manchester, York, in
short, in all the more populous towns of England.  They were not
however the less astonished and dismayed when it appeared among
themselves.  They were impatient and angry in the midst of terror.
They would do something to throw off the clinging evil, and, while
in action, they fancied that a remedy was applied.  The inhabitants
of the smaller towns left their houses, pitched tents in the
fields, wandering separate from each other careless of hunger or
the sky's inclemency, while they imagined that they avoided the
death-dealing disease.  The farmers and cottagers, on the contrary,
struck with the fear of solitude, and madly desirous of medical
assistance, flocked into the towns.

But winter was coming, and with winter, hope.  In August, the
plague had appeared in the country of England, and during September
it made its ravages.  Towards the end of October it dwindled away,
and was in some degree replaced by a typhus, of hardly less
virulence.  The autumn was warm and rainy: the infirm and sickly
died off--happier they: many young people flushed with health and
prosperity, made pale by wasting malady, became the inhabitants of
the grave.  The crop had failed, the bad corn, and want of foreign
wines, added vigour to disease.  Before Christmas half England was
under water.  The storms of the last winter were renewed; but the
diminished shipping of this year caused us to feel less the
tempests of the sea.  The flood and storms did more harm to
continental Europe than to us--giving, as it were, the last blow to
the calamities which destroyed it.  In Italy the rivers were
unwatched by the diminished peasantry; and, like wild beasts from
their lair when the hunters and dogs are afar, did Tiber, Arno, and
Po, rush upon and destroy the fertility of the plains.  Whole
villages were carried away.  Rome, and Florence, and Pisa were
overflowed, and their marble palaces, late mirrored in tranquil
streams, had their foundations shaken by their winter-gifted power.
In Germany and Russia the injury was still more momentous.

But frost would come at last, and with it a renewal of our lease of
earth.  Frost would blunt the arrows of pestilence, and enchain the
furious elements; and the land would in spring throw off her
garment of snow, released from her menace of destruction.  It was
not until February that the desired signs of winter appeared.  For
three days the snow fell, ice stopped the current of the rivers,
and the birds flew out from crackling branches of the frost-
whitened trees.  On the fourth morning all vanished.  A south-west
wind brought up rain--the sun came out, and mocking the usual laws
of nature, seemed even at this early season to burn with solstitial
force.  It was no consolation, that with the first winds of March
the lanes were filled with violets, the fruit trees covered with
blossoms, that the corn sprung up, and the leaves came out, forced
by the unseasonable heat.  We feared the balmy air--we feared the
cloudless sky, the flower-covered earth, and delightful woods, for
we looked on the fabric of the universe no longer as our dwelling,
but our tomb, and the fragrant land smelled to the apprehension of
fear like a wide church-yard.

     Pisando la tierra dura
     de continuo el hombre est
     y cada passo que d
     es sobre su sepultura.*

* Calderon de la Barca.

Yet notwithstanding these disadvantages winter was breathing time;
and we exerted ourselves to make the best of it.  Plague might not
revive with the summer; but if it did, it should find us prepared.
It is a part of man's nature to adapt itself through habit even to
pain and sorrow.  Pestilence had become a part of our future, our
existence; it was to be guarded against, like the flooding of
rivers, the encroachments of ocean, or the inclemency of the sky.
After long suffering and bitter experience, some panacea might be
discovered; as it was, all that received infection died--all
however were not infected; and it became our part to fix deep the
foundations, and raise high the barrier between contagion and the
sane; to introduce such order as would conduce to the well-being of
the survivors, and as would preserve hope and some portion of
happiness to those who were spectators of the still renewed
tragedy.  Adrian had introduced systematic modes of proceeding in
the metropolis, which, while they were unable to stop the progress
of death, yet prevented other evils, vice and folly, from rendering
the awful fate of the hour still more tremendous.  I wished to
imitate his example, but men are used to

     --move all together, if they move at all,*

* Wordsworth.

and I could find no means of leading the inhabitants of scattered
towns and villages, who forgot my words as soon as they heard them
not, and veered with every baffling wind, that might arise from an
apparent change of circumstance.

I adopted another plan.  Those writers who have imagined a reign of
peace and happiness on earth, have generally described a rural
country, where each small township was directed by the elders and
wise men.  This was the key of my design.  Each village, however
small, usually contains a leader, one among themselves whom they
venerate, whose advice they seek in difficulty, and whose good
opinion they chiefly value.  I was immediately drawn to make this
observation by occurrences that presented themselves to my personal

In the village of Little Marlow an old woman ruled the community.
She had lived for some years in an alms-house, and on fine Sundays
her threshold was constantly beset by a crowd, seeking her advice
and listening to her admonitions.  She had been a soldier's wife,
and had seen the world; infirmity, induced by fevers caught in
unwholesome quarters, had come on her before its time, and she
seldom moved from her little cot.  The plague entered the village;
and, while fright and grief deprived the inhabitants of the little
wisdom they possessed, old Martha stepped forward and said--"Before
now I have been in a town where there was the plague."--"And you
escaped?"--"No, but I recovered."--After this Martha was seated
more firmly than ever on the regal seat, elevated by reverence and
love.  She entered the cottages of the sick; she relieved their
wants with her own hand; she betrayed no fear, and inspired all who
saw her with some portion of her own native courage.  She attended
the markets--she insisted upon being supplied with food for those
who were too poor to purchase it.  She showed them how the well-
being of each included the prosperity of all.  She would not permit
the gardens to be neglected, nor the very flowers in the cottage
lattices to droop from want of care.  Hope, she said, was better
than a doctor's prescription, and every thing that could sustain
and enliven the spirits, of more worth than drugs and mixtures.

It was the sight of Little Marlow, and my conversations with
Martha, that led me to the plan I formed.  I had before visited the
manor houses and gentlemen's seats, and often found the inhabitants
actuated by the purest benevolence, ready to lend their utmost aid
for the welfare of their tenants.  But this was not enough.  The
intimate sympathy generated by similar hopes and fears, similar
experience and pursuits, was wanting here.  The poor perceived that
the rich possessed other means of preservation than those which
could be partaken of by themselves, seclusion, and, as far as
circumstances permitted, freedom from care.  They could not place
reliance on them, but turned with tenfold dependence to the succour
and advice of their equals.  I resolved therefore to go from
village to village, seeking out the rustic archon of the place, and
by systematising their exertions, and enlightening their views,
increase both their power and their use among their fellow-
cottagers.  Many changes also now occurred in these spontaneous
regal elections: depositions and abdications were frequent, while,
in the place of the old and prudent, the ardent youth would step
forward, eager for action, regardless of danger.  Often too, the
voice to which all listened was suddenly silenced, the helping hand
cold, the sympathetic eye closed, and the villagers feared still
more the death that had selected a choice victim, shivering in dust
the heart that had beat for them, reducing to incommunicable
annihilation the mind for ever occupied with projects for their

Whoever labours for man must often find ingratitude, watered by
vice and folly, spring from the grain which he has sown.  Death,
which had in our younger days walked the earth like "a thief that
comes in the night," now, rising from his subterranean vault, girt
with power, with dark banner floating, came a conqueror.  Many saw,
seated above his vice-regal throne, a supreme Providence, who
directed his shafts, and guided his progress, and they bowed their
heads in resignation, or at least in obedience.  Others perceived
only a passing casualty; they endeavoured to exchange terror for
heedlessness, and plunged into licentiousness, to avoid the
agonizing throes of worst apprehension.  Thus, while the wise, the
good, and the prudent were occupied by the labours of benevolence,
the truce of winter produced other effects among the young, the
thoughtless, and the vicious.  During the colder months there was a
general rush to London in search of amusement--the ties of public
opinion were loosened; many were rich, heretofore poor--many had
lost father and mother, the guardians of their morals, their
mentors and restraints.  It would have been useless to have opposed
these impulses by barriers, which would only have driven those
actuated by them to more pernicious indulgencies.  The theatres
were open and thronged; dance and midnight festival were frequented--
in many of these decorum was violated, and the evils, which
hitherto adhered to an advanced state of civilization, were
doubled.  The student left his books, the artist his study: the
occupations of life were gone, but the amusements remained;
enjoyment might be protracted to the verge of the grave.  All
factitious colouring disappeared--death rose like night, and,
protected by its murky shadows the blush of modesty, the reserve of
pride, the decorum of prudery were frequently thrown aside as
useless veils.

This was not universal.  Among better natures, anguish and dread,
the fear of eternal separation, and the awful wonder produced by
unprecedented calamity, drew closer the ties of kindred and
friendship.  Philosophers opposed their principles, as barriers to
the inundation of profligacy or despair, and the only ramparts to
protect the invaded territory of human life; the religious, hoping
now for their reward, clung fast to their creeds, as the rafts and
planks which over the tempest-vexed sea of suffering, would bear
them in safety to the harbour of the Unknown Continent.  The loving
heart, obliged to contract its view, bestowed its overflow of
affection in triple portion on the few that remained.  Yet, even
among these, the present, as an unalienable possession, became all
of time to which they dared commit the precious freight of their

The experience of immemorial time had taught us formerly to count
our enjoyments by years, and extend our prospect of life through a
lengthened period of progression and decay; the long road threaded
a vast labyrinth, and the Valley of the Shadow of Death, in which
it terminated, was hid by intervening objects.  But an earthquake
had changed the scene--under our very feet the earth yawned--deep
and precipitous the gulf below opened to receive us, while the
hours charioted us towards the chasm.  But it was winter now, and
months must elapse before we are hurled from our security.  We
became ephemera, to whom the interval between the rising and
setting sun was as a long drawn year of common time.  We should
never see our children ripen into maturity, nor behold their downy
cheeks roughen, their blithe hearts subdued by passion or care; but
we had them now--they lived, and we lived--what more could we
desire?  With such schooling did my poor Idris try to hush
thronging fears, and in some measure succeeded.  It was not as in
summer-time, when each hour might bring the dreaded fate--until
summer, we felt sure; and this certainty, short lived as it must
be, yet for awhile satisfied her maternal tenderness.  I know not
how to express or communicate the sense of concentrated, intense,
though evanescent transport, that imparadised us in the present
hour.  Our joys were dearer because we saw their end; they were
keener because we felt, to its fullest extent, their value; they
were purer because their essence was sympathy--as a meteor is
brighter than a star, did the felicity of this winter contain in
itself the extracted delights of a long, long life.

How lovely is spring!  As we looked from Windsor Terrace on the
sixteen fertile counties spread beneath, speckled by happy cottages
and wealthier towns, all looked as in former years, heart-cheering
and fair.  The land was ploughed, the slender blades of wheat broke
through the dark soil, the fruit trees were covered with buds, the
husbandman was abroad in the fields, the milk-maid tripped home
with well-filled pails, the swallows and martins struck the sunny
pools with their long, pointed wings, the new dropped lambs reposed
on the young grass, the tender growth of leaves--

     Lifts its sweet head into the air, and feeds
     A silent space with ever sprouting green.*

* Keats.

Man himself seemed to regenerate, and feel the frost of winter
yield to an elastic and warm renewal of life--reason told us that
care and sorrow would grow with the opening year--but how to
believe the ominous voice breathed up with pestiferous vapours from
fear's dim cavern, while nature, laughing and scattering from her
green lap flowers, and fruits, and sparkling waters, invited us to
join the gay masque of young life she led upon the scene?

Where was the plague?  "Here--everywhere!" one voice of horror and
dismay exclaimed, when in the pleasant days of a sunny May the
Destroyer of man brooded again over the earth, forcing the spirit
to leave its organic chrysalis, and to enter upon an untried life.
With one mighty sweep of its potent weapon, all caution, all care,
all prudence were levelled low: death sat at the tables of the
great, stretched itself on the cottager's pallet, seized the
dastard who fled, quelled the brave man who resisted: despondency
entered every heart, sorrow dimmed every eye.

Sights of woe now became familiar to me, and were I to tell all of
anguish and pain that I witnessed, of the despairing moans of age,
and the more terrible smiles of infancy in the bosom of horror, my
reader, his limbs quivering and his hair on end, would wonder how I
did not, seized with sudden frenzy, dash myself from some
precipice, and so close my eyes for ever on the sad end of the
world.  But the powers of love, poetry, and creative fancy will
dwell even beside the sick of the plague, with the squalid, and
with the dying.  A feeling of devotion, of duty, of a high and
steady purpose, elevated me; a strange joy filled my heart.  In the
midst of saddest grief I seemed to tread air, while the spirit of
good shed round me an ambrosial atmosphere, which blunted the sting
of sympathy, and purified the air of sighs.  If my wearied soul
flagged in its career, I thought of my loved home, of the casket
that contained my treasures, of the kiss of love and the filial
caress, while my eyes were moistened by purest dew, and my heart
was at once softened and refreshed by thrilling tenderness.

Maternal affection had not rendered Idris selfish; at the beginning
of our calamity she had, with thoughtless enthusiasm, devoted
herself to the care of the sick and helpless.  I checked her; and
she submitted to my rule.  I told her how the fear of her danger
palsied my exertions, how the knowledge of her safety strung my
nerves to endurance.  I showed her the dangers which her children
incurred during her absence; and she at length agreed not to go
beyond the enclosure of the forest.  Indeed, within the walls of
the Castle we had a colony of the unhappy, deserted by their
relatives, and in themselves helpless, sufficient to occupy her
time and attention, while ceaseless anxiety for my welfare and the
health of her children, however she strove to curb or conceal it,
absorbed all her thoughts, and undermined the vital principle.
After watching over and providing for their safety, her second care
was to hide from me her anguish and tears.  Each night I returned
to the Castle, and found there repose and love awaiting me.  Often
I waited beside the bed of death till midnight, and through the
obscurity of rainy, cloudy nights rode many miles, sustained by one
circumstance only, the safety and sheltered repose of those I
loved.  If some scene of tremendous agony shook my frame and
fevered my brow, I would lay my head on the lap of Idris, and the
tumultuous pulses subsided into a temperate flow--her smile could
raise me from hopelessness, her embrace bathe my sorrowing heart in
calm peace.

Summer advanced, and, crowned with the sun's potent rays, plague
shot her unerring shafts over the earth.  The nations beneath their
influence bowed their heads, and died.  The corn that sprung up in
plenty, lay in autumn rotting on the ground, while the melancholy
wretch who had gone out to gather bread for his children, lay stiff
and plague-struck in the furrow.  The green woods waved their
boughs majestically, while the dying were spread beneath their
shade, answering the solemn melody with inharmonious cries.  The
painted birds flitted through the shades; the careless deer reposed
unhurt upon the fern--the oxen and the horses strayed from their
unguarded stables, and grazed among the wheat, for death fell on
man alone.

With summer and mortality grew our fears.  My poor love and I
looked at each other, and our babes.--"We will save them, Idris," I
said, "I will save them.  Years hence we shall recount to them our
fears, then passed away with their occasion.  Though they only
should remain on the earth, still they shall live, nor shall their
cheeks become pale nor their sweet voices languish."  Our eldest in
some degree understood the scenes passing around, and at times, he
with serious looks questioned me concerning the reason of so vast a
desolation.  But he was only ten years old; and the hilarity of
youth soon chased unreasonable care from his brow.  Evelyn, a
laughing cherub, a gamesome infant, without idea of pain or sorrow,
would, shaking back his light curls from his eyes, make the halls
re-echo with his merriment, and in a thousand artless ways attract
our attention to his play.  Clara, our lovely gentle Clara, was our
stay, our solace, our delight.  She made it her task to attend the
sick, comfort the sorrowing, assist the aged, and partake the
sports and awaken the gaiety of the young.  She flitted through the
rooms, like a good spirit, dispatched from the celestial kingdom,
to illumine our dark hour with alien splendour.  Gratitude and
praise marked where her footsteps had been.  Yet, when she stood in
unassuming simplicity before us, playing with our children, or with
girlish assiduity performing little kind offices for Idris, one
wondered in what fair lineament of her pure loveliness, in what
soft tone of her thrilling voice, so much of heroism, sagacity and
active goodness resided.

The summer passed tediously, for we trusted that winter would at
least check the disease.  That it would vanish altogether was an
hope too dear--too heartfelt, to be expressed.  When such a thought
was heedlessly uttered, the hearers, with a gush of tears and
passionate sobs, bore witness how deep their fears were, how small
their hopes.  For my own part, my exertions for the public good
permitted me to observe more closely than most others, the
virulence and extensive ravages of our sightless enemy.  A short
month has destroyed a village, and where in May the first person
sickened, in June the paths were deformed by unburied corpses--the
houses tenantless, no smoke arising from the chimneys; and the
housewife's clock marked only the hour when death had been
triumphant.  From such scenes I have sometimes saved a deserted
infant--sometimes led a young and grieving mother from the lifeless
image of her first born, or drawn the sturdy labourer from childish
weeping over his extinct family.

July is gone.  August must pass, and by the middle of September we
may hope.  Each day was eagerly counted; and the inhabitants of
towns, desirous to leap this dangerous interval, plunged into
dissipation, and strove, by riot, and what they wished to imagine
to be pleasure, to banish thought and opiate despair.  None but
Adrian could have tamed the motley population of London, which,
like a troop of unbitted steeds rushing to their pastures, had
thrown aside all minor fears, through the operation of the fear
paramount.  Even Adrian was obliged in part to yield, that he might
be able, if not to guide, at least to set bounds to the license of
the times.  The theatres were kept open; every place of public
resort was frequented; though he endeavoured so to modify them, as
might best quiet the agitation of the spectators, and at the same
time prevent a reaction of misery when the excitement was over.
Tragedies deep and dire were the chief favourites.  Comedy brought
with it too great a contrast to the inner despair: when such were
attempted, it was not infrequent for a comedian, in the midst of
the laughter occasioned by his disproportioned buffoonery, to find
a word or thought in his part that jarred with his own sense of
wretchedness, and burst from mimic merriment into sobs and tears,
while the spectators, seized with irresistible sympathy, wept, and
the pantomimic revelry was changed to a real exhibition of tragic

It was not in my nature to derive consolation from such scenes;
from theatres, whose buffoon laughter and discordant mirth awakened
distempered sympathy, or where fictitious tears and wailings mocked
the heart-felt grief within; from festival or crowded meeting,
where hilarity sprung from the worst feelings of our nature, or
such enthralment of the better ones, as impressed it with garish
and false varnish; from assemblies of mourners in the guise of
revellers.  Once however I witnessed a scene of singular interest
at one of the theatres, where nature overpowered art, as an
overflowing cataract will tear away the puny manufacture of a mock
cascade, which had before been fed by a small portion of its

I had come to London to see Adrian.  He was not at the palace; and,
though the attendants did not know whither he had gone, they did
not expect him till late at night.  It was between six and seven
o'clock, a fine summer afternoon, and I spent my leisure hours in a
ramble through the empty streets of London; now turning to avoid an
approaching funeral, now urged by curiosity to observe the state of
a particular spot; my wanderings were instinct with pain, for
silence and desertion characterised every place I visited, and the
few beings I met were so pale and woe-begone, so marked with care
and depressed by fear, that weary of encountering only signs of
misery, I began to retread my steps towards home.

I was now in Holborn, and passed by a public house filled with
uproarious companions, whose songs, laughter, and shouts were more
sorrowful than the pale looks and silence of the mourner.  Such an
one was near, hovering round this house.  The sorry plight of her
dress displayed her poverty, she was ghastly pale, and continued
approaching, first the window and then the door of the house, as if
fearful, yet longing to enter.  A sudden burst of song and
merriment seemed to sting her to the heart; she murmured, "Can he
have the heart?" and then mustering her courage, she stepped within
the threshold.  The landlady met her in the passage; the poor
creature asked, "Is my husband here?  Can I see George?"

"See him," cried the woman, "yes, if you go to him; last night he
was taken with the plague, and we sent him to the hospital."

The unfortunate inquirer staggered against a wall, a faint cry
escaped her--"O! were you cruel enough," she exclaimed, "to send
him there?"

The landlady meanwhile hurried away; but a more compassionate bar-
maid gave her a detailed account, the sum of which was, that her
husband had been taken ill, after a night of riot, and sent by his
boon companions with all expedition to St. Bartholomew's Hospital.
I had watched this scene, for there was a gentleness about the poor
woman that interested me; she now tottered away from the door,
walking as well as she could down Holborn Hill; but her strength
soon failed her; she leaned against a wall, and her head sunk on
her bosom, while her pallid cheek became still more white.  I went
up to her and offered my services.  She hardly looked up--"You can
do me no good," she replied; "I must go to the hospital; if I do
not die before I get there."

There were still a few hackney-coaches accustomed to stand about
the streets, more truly from habit than for use.  I put her in one
of these, and entered with her that I might secure her entrance
into the hospital.  Our way was short, and she said little; except
interrupted ejaculations of reproach that he had left her,
exclamations on the unkindness of some of his friends, and hope
that she would find him alive.  There was a simple, natural
earnestness about her that interested me in her fate, especially
when she assured me that her husband was the best of men,--had been
so, till want of business during these unhappy times had thrown him
into bad company.  "He could not bear to come home," she said,
"only to see our children die.  A man cannot have the patience a
mother has, with her own flesh and blood."

We were set down at St. Bartholomew's, and entered the wretched
precincts of the house of disease.  The poor creature clung closer
to me, as she saw with what heartless haste they bore the dead from
the wards, and took them into a room, whose half-opened door
displayed a number of corpses, horrible to behold by one
unaccustomed to such scenes.  We were directed to the ward where
her husband had been first taken, and still was, the nurse said, if
alive.  My companion looked eagerly from one bed to the other, till
at the end of the ward she espied, on a wretched bed, a squalid,
haggard creature, writhing under the torture of disease.  She
rushed towards him, she embraced him, blessing God for his

The enthusiasm that inspired her with this strange joy, blinded her
to the horrors about her; but they were intolerably agonizing to
me.  The ward was filled with an effluvia that caused my heart to
heave with painful qualms.  The dead were carried out, and the sick
brought in, with like indifference; some were screaming with pain,
others laughing from the influence of more terrible delirium; some
were attended by weeping, despairing relations, others called aloud
with thrilling tenderness or reproach on the friends who had
deserted them, while the nurses went from bed to bed, incarnate
images of despair, neglect, and death.  I gave gold to my luckless
companion; I recommended her to the care of the attendants; I then
hastened away; while the tormentor, the imagination, busied itself
in picturing my own loved ones, stretched on such beds, attended
thus.  The country afforded no such mass of horrors; solitary
wretches died in the open fields; and I have found a survivor in a
vacant village, contending at once with famine and disease; but the
assembly of pestilence, the banqueting hall of death, was spread
only in London.

I rambled on, oppressed, distracted by painful emotions--suddenly I
found myself before Drury Lane Theatre.  The play was Macbeth--the
first actor of the age was there to exert his powers to drug with
irreflection the auditors; such a medicine I yearned for, so I
entered.  The theatre was tolerably well filled.  Shakespeare,
whose popularity was established by the approval of four centuries,
had not lost his influence even at this dread period; but was still
"Ut magus," the wizard to rule our hearts and govern our
imaginations.  I came in during the interval between the third and
fourth act.  I looked round on the audience; the females were
mostly of the lower classes, but the men were of all ranks, come
hither to forget awhile the protracted scenes of wretchedness,
which awaited them at their miserable homes.  The curtain drew up,
and the stage presented the scene of the witches' cave.  The
wildness and supernatural machinery of Macbeth, was a pledge that
it could contain little directly connected with our present
circumstances.  Great pains had been taken in the scenery to give
the semblance of reality to the impossible.  The extreme darkness
of the stage, whose only light was received from the fire under the
cauldron, joined to a kind of mist that floated about it, rendered
the unearthly shapes of the witches obscure and shadowy.  It was
not three decrepit old hags that bent over their pot throwing in
the grim ingredients of the magic charm, but forms frightful,
unreal, and fanciful.  The entrance of Hecate, and the wild music
that followed, took us out of this world.  The cavern shape the
stage assumed, the beetling rocks, the glare of the fire, the misty
shades that crossed the scene at times, the music in harmony with
all witch-like fancies, permitted the imagination to revel, without
fear of contradiction, or reproof from reason or the heart.  The
entrance of Macbeth did not destroy the illusion, for he was
actuated by the same feelings that inspired us, and while the work
of magic proceeded we sympathized in his wonder and his daring, and
gave ourselves up with our whole souls to the influence of scenic
delusion.  I felt the beneficial result of such excitement, in a
renewal of those pleasing flights of fancy to which I had long been
a stranger.  The effect of this scene of incantation communicated a
portion of its power to that which followed.  We forgot that
Malcolm and Macduff were mere human beings, acted upon by such
simple passions as warmed our own breasts.  By slow degrees however
we were drawn to the real interest of the scene.  A shudder like
the swift passing of an electric shock ran through the house, when
Rosse exclaimed, in answer to "Stands Scotland where it did?"

        Alas, poor country;
     Almost afraid to know itself!  It cannot
     Be called our mother, but our grave: where nothing,
     But who knows nothing, is once seen to smile;
     Where sighs, and groans, and shrieks that rent the air,
     Are made, not marked; where violent sorrow seems
     A modern ecstasy: the dead man's knell
     Is there scarce asked, for who; and good men's lives
     Expire before the flowers in their caps,
     Dying, or ere they sicken.

Each word struck the sense, as our life's passing bell; we feared
to look at each other, but bent our gaze on the stage, as if our
eyes could fall innocuous on that alone.  The person who played the
part of Rosse, suddenly became aware of the dangerous ground he
trod.  He was an inferior actor, but truth now made him excellent;
as he went on to announce to Macduff the slaughter of his family,
he was afraid to speak, trembling from apprehension of a burst of
grief from the audience, not from his fellow-mime.  Each word was
drawn out with difficulty; real anguish painted his features; his
eyes were now lifted in sudden horror, now fixed in dread upon the
ground.  This show of terror increased ours, we gasped with him,
each neck was stretched out, each face changed with the actor's
changes--at length while Macduff, who, attending to his part, was
unobservant of the high wrought sympathy of the house, cried with
well acted passion:

        All my pretty ones?
     Did you say all?--O hell kite!  All?
     What! all my pretty chickens, and their dam,
     At one fell swoop!

A pang of tameless grief wrenched every heart, a burst of despair
was echoed from every lip.--I had entered into the universal
feeling--I had been absorbed by the terrors of Rosse--I re-echoed
the cry of Macduff, and then rushed out as from an hell of torture,
to find calm in the free air and silent street.

Free the air was not, or the street silent.  Oh, how I longed then
for the dear soothings of maternal Nature, as my wounded heart was
still further stung by the roar of heartless merriment from the
public-house, by the sight of the drunkard reeling home, having
lost the memory of what he would find there in oblivious debauch,
and by the more appalling salutations of those melancholy beings to
whom the name of home was a mockery.  I ran on at my utmost speed
until I found myself I knew not how, close to Westminster Abbey,
and was attracted by the deep and swelling tone of the organ.  I
entered with soothing awe the lighted chancel, and listened to the
solemn religious chant, which spoke peace and hope to the unhappy.
The notes, freighted with man's dearest prayers, re-echoed through
the dim aisles, and the bleeding of the soul's wounds was staunched
by heavenly balm.  In spite of the misery I deprecated, and could
not understand; in spite of the cold hearths of wide London, and
the corpse-strewn fields of my native land; in spite of all the
variety of agonizing emotions I had that evening experienced, I
thought that in reply to our melodious adjurations, the Creator
looked down in compassion and promise of relief; the awful peal of
the heaven-winged music seemed fitting voice wherewith to commune
with the Supreme; calm was produced by its sound, and by the sight
of many other human creatures offering up prayers and submission
with me.  A sentiment approaching happiness followed the total
resignation of one's being to the guardianship of the world's
ruler.  Alas! with the failing of this solemn strain, the elevated
spirit sank again to earth.  Suddenly one of the choristers died--
he was lifted from his desk, the vaults below were hastily opened--
he was consigned with a few muttered prayers to the darksome
cavern, abode of thousands who had gone before--now wide yawning to
receive even all who fulfilled the funeral rites.  In vain I would
then have turned from this scene, to darkened aisle or lofty dome,
echoing with melodious praise.  In the open air alone I found
relief; among nature's beauteous works, her God reassumed his
attribute of benevolence, and again I could trust that he who built
up the mountains, planted the forests, and poured out the rivers,
would erect another state for lost humanity, where we might awaken
again to our affections, our happiness, and our faith.

Fortunately for me those circumstances were of rare occurrence that
obliged me to visit London, and my duties were confined to the
rural district which our lofty castle overlooked; and here labour
stood in the place of pastime, to occupy such of the country people
as were sufficiently exempt from sorrow or disease.  My endeavours
were directed towards urging them to their usual attention to their
crops, and to the acting as if pestilence did not exist.  The
mower's scythe was at times heard; yet the joyless haymakers after
they had listlessly turned the grass, forgot to cart it; the
shepherd, when he had sheared his sheep, would let the wool lie to
be scattered by the winds, deeming it useless to provide clothing
for another winter.  At times however the spirit of life was
awakened by these employments; the sun, the refreshing breeze, the
sweet smell of the hay, the rustling leaves and prattling rivulets
brought repose to the agitated bosom, and bestowed a feeling akin
to happiness on the apprehensive.  Nor, strange to say, was the
time without its pleasures.  Young couples, who had loved long and
hopelessly, suddenly found every impediment removed, and wealth
pour in from the death of relatives.  The very danger drew them
closer.  The immediate peril urged them to seize the immediate
opportunity; wildly and passionately they sought to know what
delights existence afforded, before they yielded to death, and

     Snatching their pleasures with rough strife
     Through the iron gates of life,*

they defied the conquering pestilence to destroy what had been, or
to erase even from their death-bed thoughts the sentiment of
happiness which had been theirs.

* Andrew Marvell.

One instance of this kind came immediately under our notice, where
a high-born girl had in early youth given her heart to one of
meaner extraction.  He was a schoolfellow and friend of her
brother's, and usually spent a part of the holidays at the mansion
of the duke her father.  They had played together as children, been
the confidants of each other's little secrets, mutual aids and
consolers in difficulty and sorrow.  Love had crept in, noiseless,
terrorless at first, till each felt their life bound up in the
other, and at the same time knew that they must part.  Their
extreme youth, and the purity of their attachment, made them yield
with less resistance to the tyranny of circumstances.  The father
of the fair Juliet separated them; but not until the young lover
had promised to remain absent only till he had rendered himself
worthy of her, and she had vowed to preserve her virgin heart, his
treasure, till he returned to claim and possess it.

Plague came, threatening to destroy at once the aim of the
ambitious and the hopes of love.  Long the Duke of L---- derided
the idea that there could be danger while he pursued his plans of
cautious seclusion; and he so far succeeded, that it was not till
this second summer, that the destroyer, at one fell stroke,
overthrew his precautions, his security, and his life.  Poor Juliet
saw one by one, father, mother, brothers, and sisters, sicken and
die.  Most of the servants fled on the first appearance of disease,
those who remained were infected mortally; no neighbour or rustic
ventured within the verge of contagion.  By a strange fatality
Juliet alone escaped, and she to the last waited on her relatives,
and smoothed the pillow of death.  The moment at length came, when
the last blow was given to the last of the house: the youthful
survivor of her race sat alone among the dead.  There was no living
being near to soothe her, or withdraw her from this hideous
company.  With the declining heat of a September night, a whirlwind
of storm, thunder, and hail, rattled round the house, and with
ghastly harmony sung the dirge of her family.  She sat upon the
ground absorbed in wordless despair, when through the gusty wind
and bickering rain she thought she heard her name called.  Whose
could that familiar voice be?  Not one of her relations, for they
lay glaring on her with stony eyes.  Again her name was syllabled,
and she shuddered as she asked herself, am I becoming mad, or am I
dying, that I hear the voices of the departed?  A second thought
passed, swift as an arrow, into her brain; she rushed to the
window; and a flash of lightning showed to her the expected vision,
her lover in the shrubbery beneath; joy lent her strength to
descend the stairs, to open the door, and then she fainted in his
supporting arms.

A thousand times she reproached herself, as with a crime, that she
should revive to happiness with him.  The natural clinging of the
human mind to life and joy was in its full energy in her young
heart; she gave herself impetuously up to the enchantment: they
were married; and in their radiant features I saw incarnate, for
the last time, the spirit of love, of rapturous sympathy, which
once had been the life of the world.

I envied them, but felt how impossible it was to imbibe the same
feeling, now that years had multiplied my ties in the world.  Above
all, the anxious mother, my own beloved and drooping Idris, claimed
my earnest care; I could not reproach the anxiety that never for a
moment slept in her heart, but I exerted myself to distract her
attention from too keen an observation of the truth of things, of
the near and nearer approaches of disease, misery, and death, of
the wild look of our attendants as intelligence of another and yet
another death reached us; for to the last something new occurred
that seemed to transcend in horror all that had gone before.
Wretched beings crawled to die under our succouring roof; the
inhabitants of the Castle decreased daily, while the survivors
huddled together in fear, and, as in a famine-struck boat, the
sport of the wild, interminable waves, each looked in the other's
face, to guess on whom the death-lot would next fall.  All this I
endeavoured to veil, so that it might least impress my Idris; yet,
as I have said, my courage survived even despair: I might be
vanquished, but I would not yield.

One day, it was the ninth of September, seemed devoted to every
disaster, to every harrowing incident.  Early in the day, I heard
of the arrival of the aged grandmother of one of our servants at
the Castle.  This old woman had reached her hundredth year; her
skin was shrivelled, her form was bent and lost in extreme
decrepitude; but as still from year to year she continued in
existence, out-living many younger and stronger, she began to feel
as if she were to live for ever.  The plague came, and the
inhabitants of her village died.  Clinging, with the dastard
feeling of the aged, to the remnant of her spent life, she had, on
hearing that the pestilence had come into her neighbourhood, barred
her door, and closed her casement, refusing to communicate with
any.  She would wander out at night to get food, and returned home,
pleased that she had met no one, that she was in no danger from the
plague.  As the earth became more desolate, her difficulty in
acquiring sustenance increased; at first, her son, who lived near,
had humoured her by placing articles of food in her way: at last he
died.  But, even though threatened by famine, her fear of the
plague was paramount; and her greatest care was to avoid her fellow
creatures.  She grew weaker each day, and each day she had further
to go.  The night before, she had reached Datchet; and, prowling
about, had found a baker's shop open and deserted.  Laden with
spoil, she hastened to return, and lost her way.  The night was
windless, hot, and cloudy; her load became too heavy for her; and
one by one she threw away her loaves, still endeavouring to get
along, though her hobbling fell into lameness, and her weakness at
last into inability to move.

She lay down among the tall corn, and fell asleep.  Deep in
midnight, she was awaked by a rustling near her; she would have
started up, but her stiff joints refused to obey her will.  A low
moan close to her ear followed, and the rustling increased; she
heard a smothered voice breathe out, Water, Water! several times;
and then again a sigh heaved from the heart of the sufferer.  The
old woman shuddered, she contrived at length to sit upright; but
her teeth chattered, and her knees knocked together--close, very
close, lay a half-naked figure, just discernible in the gloom, and
the cry for water and the stifled moan were again uttered.  Her
motions at length attracted the attention of her unknown companion;
her hand was seized with a convulsive violence that made the grasp
feel like iron, the fingers like the keen teeth of a trap.--"At
last you are come!" were the words given forth--but this exertion
was the last effort of the dying--the joints relaxed, the figure
fell prostrate, one low moan, the last, marked the moment of death.
Morning broke; and the old woman saw the corpse, marked with the
fatal disease, close to her; her wrist was livid with the hold
loosened by death.  She felt struck by the plague; her aged frame
was unable to bear her away with sufficient speed; and now,
believing herself infected, she no longer dreaded the association
of others; but, as swiftly as she might, came to her grand-
daughter, at Windsor Castle, there to lament and die.  The sight
was horrible; still she clung to life, and lamented her mischance
with cries and hideous groans; while the swift advance of the
disease showed, what proved to be the fact, that she could not
survive many hours.

While I was directing that the necessary care should be taken of
her, Clara came in; she was trembling and pale; and, when I
anxiously asked her the cause of her agitation, she threw herself
into my arms weeping and exclaiming--"Uncle, dearest uncle, do not
hate me for ever!  I must tell you, for you must know, that Evelyn,
poor little Evelyn"--her voice was choked by sobs.  The fear of so
mighty a calamity as the loss of our adored infant made the current
of my blood pause with chilly horror; but the remembrance of the
mother restored my presence of mind.  I sought the little bed of my
darling; he was oppressed by fever; but I trusted, I fondly and
fearfully trusted, that there were no symptoms of the plague.  He
was not three years old, and his illness appeared only one of those
attacks incident to infancy.  I watched him long--his heavy half-
closed lids, his burning cheeks and restless twining of his small
fingers--the fever was violent, the torpor complete--enough,
without the greater fear of pestilence, to awaken alarm.  Idris
must not see him in this state.  Clara, though only twelve years
old, was rendered, through extreme sensibility, so prudent and
careful, that I felt secure in entrusting the charge of him to her,
and it was my task to prevent Idris from observing their absence.
I administered the fitting remedies, and left my sweet niece to
watch beside him, and bring me notice of any change she should

I then went to Idris, contriving in my way, plausible excuses for
remaining all day in the Castle, and endeavouring to disperse the
traces of care from my brow.  Fortunately she was not alone.  I
found Merrival, the astronomer, with her.  He was far too long
sighted in his view of humanity to heed the casualties of the day,
and lived in the midst of contagion unconscious of its existence.
This poor man, learned as La Place, guileless and unforeseeing as a
child, had often been on the point of starvation, he, his pale wife
and numerous offspring, while he neither felt hunger, nor observed
distress.  His astronomical theories absorbed him; calculations
were scrawled with coal on the bare walls of his garret: a hard-
earned guinea, or an article of dress, was exchanged for a book
without remorse; he neither heard his children cry, nor observed
his companion's emaciated form, and the excess of calamity was
merely to him as the occurrence of a cloudy night, when he would
have given his right hand to observe a celestial phenomenon.  His
wife was one of those wondrous beings, to be found only among
women, with affections not to be diminished by misfortune.  Her
mind was divided between boundless admiration for her husband, and
tender anxiety for her children--she waited on him, worked for
them, and never complained, though care rendered her life one long-
drawn, melancholy dream.

He had introduced himself to Adrian, by a request he made to
observe some planetary motions from his glass.  His poverty was
easily detected and relieved.  He often thanked us for the books we
lent him, and for the use of our instruments, but never spoke of
his altered abode or change of circumstances.  His wife assured us,
that he had not observed any difference, except in the absence of
the children from his study, and to her infinite surprise he
complained of this unaccustomed quiet.

He came now to announce to us the completion of his Essay on the
Pericyclical Motions of the Earth's Axis, and the precession of the
equinoctial points.  If an old Roman of the period of the Republic
had returned to life, and talked of the impending election of some
laurel-crowned consul, or of the last battle with Mithridates, his
ideas would not have been more alien to the times, than the
conversation of Merrival.  Man, no longer with an appetite for
sympathy, clothed his thoughts in visible signs; nor were there any
readers left: while each one, having thrown away his sword with
opposing shield alone, awaited the plague, Merrival talked of the
state of mankind six thousand years hence.  He might with equal
interest to us, have added a commentary, to describe the unknown
and unimaginable lineaments of the creatures, who would then occupy
the vacated dwelling of mankind.  We had not the heart to undeceive
the poor old man; and at the moment I came in, he was reading parts
of his book to Idris, asking what answer could be given to this or
that position.

Idris could not refrain from a smile, as she listened; she had
already gathered from him that his family was alive and in health;
though not apt to forget the precipice of time on which she stood,
yet I could perceive that she was amused for a moment, by the
contrast between the contracted view we had so long taken of human
life, and the seven league strides with which Merrival paced a
coming eternity.  I was glad to see her smile, because it assured
me of her total ignorance of her infant's danger: but I shuddered
to think of the revulsion that would be occasioned by a discovery
of the truth.  While Merrival was talking, Clara softly opened a
door behind Idris, and beckoned me to come with a gesture and look
of grief.  A mirror betrayed the sign to Idris--she started up.  To
suspect evil, to perceive that, Alfred being with us, the danger
must regard her youngest darling, to fly across the long chambers
into his apartment, was the work but of a moment.  There she beheld
her Evelyn lying fever-stricken and motionless.  I followed her,
and strove to inspire more hope than I could myself entertain; but
she shook her head mournfully.  Anguish deprived her of presence of
mind; she gave up to me and Clara the physician's and nurse's
parts; she sat by the bed, holding one little burning hand, and,
with glazed eyes fixed on her babe, passed the long day in one
unvaried agony.  It was not the plague that visited our little boy
so roughly; but she could not listen to my assurances; apprehension
deprived her of judgment and reflection; every slight convulsion of
her child's features shook her frame--if he moved, she dreaded the
instant crisis; if he remained still, she saw death in his torpor,
and the cloud on her brow darkened.

The poor little thing's fever increased towards night.  The
sensation is most dreary, to use no stronger term, with which one
looks forward to passing the long hours of night beside a sick bed,
especially if the patient be an infant, who cannot explain its
pain, and whose flickering life resembles the wasting flame of the

        Whose narrow fire
     Is shaken by the wind, and on whose edge
     Devouring darkness hovers.*

* The Cenci.

With eagerness one turns toward the east, with angry impatience one
marks the unchequered darkness; the crowing of a cock, that sound
of glee during day-time, comes wailing and untunable--the creaking
of rafters, and slight stir of invisible insect is heard and felt
as the signal and type of desolation.  Clara, overcome by
weariness, had seated herself at the foot of her cousin's bed, and
in spite of her efforts slumber weighed down her lids; twice or
thrice she shook it off; but at length she was conquered and slept.
Idris sat at the bedside, holding Evelyn's hand; we were afraid to
speak to each other; I watched the stars--I hung over my child--I
felt his little pulse--I drew near the mother--again I receded.  At
the turn of morning a gentle sigh from the patient attracted me,
the burning spot on his cheek faded--his pulse beat softly and
regularly--torpor yielded to sleep.  For a long time I dared not
hope; but when his unobstructed breathing and the moisture that
suffused his forehead, were tokens no longer to be mistaken of the
departure of mortal malady, I ventured to whisper the news of the
change to Idris, and at length succeeded in persuading her that I
spoke truth.

But neither this assurance, nor the speedy convalescence of our
child could restore her, even to the portion of peace she before
enjoyed.  Her fear had been too deep, too absorbing, too entire, to
be changed to security.  She felt as if during her past calm she
had dreamed, but was now awake; she was

          As one
     In some lone watch-tower on the deep, awakened
     From soothing visions of the home he loves,
     Trembling to hear the wrathful billows roar;*

as one who has been cradled by a storm, and awakes to find the
vessel sinking.  Before, she had been visited by pangs of fear--
now, she never enjoyed an interval of hope.  No smile of the heart
ever irradiated her fair countenance; sometimes she forced one, and
then gushing tears would flow, and the sea of grief close above
these wrecks of past happiness.  Still while I was near her, she
could not be in utter despair--she fully confided herself to me--
she did not seem to fear my death, or revert to its possibility; to
my guardianship she consigned the full freight of her anxieties,
reposing on my love, as a wind-nipped fawn by the side of a doe, as
a wounded nestling under its mother's wing, as a tiny, shattered
boat, quivering still, beneath some protecting willow-tree.  While
I, not proudly as in days of joy, yet tenderly, and with glad
consciousness of the comfort I afforded, drew my trembling girl
close to my heart, and tried to ward every painful thought or rough
circumstance from her sensitive nature.

* The Bride's Tragedy, by T. L. Beddoes, Esq.

One other incident occurred at the end of this summer.  The
Countess of Windsor, Ex-Queen of England, returned from Germany.
She had at the beginning of the season quitted the vacant city of
Vienna; and, unable to tame her haughty mind to anything like
submission, she had delayed at Hamburg, and, when at last she came
to London, many weeks elapsed before she gave Adrian notice of her
arrival.  In spite of her coldness and long absence, he welcomed
her with sensibility, displaying such affection as sought to heal
the wounds of pride and sorrow, and was repulsed only by her total
apparent want of sympathy.  Idris heard of her mother's return with
pleasure.  Her own maternal feelings were so ardent, that she
imagined her parent must now, in this waste world, have lost pride
and harshness, and would receive with delight her filial
attentions.  The first check to her duteous demonstrations was a
formal intimation from the fallen majesty of England, that I was in
no manner to be intruded upon her.  She consented, she said, to
forgive her daughter, and acknowledge her grandchildren; larger
concessions must not be expected.

To me this proceeding appeared (if so light a term may be
permitted) extremely whimsical.  Now that the race of man had lost
in fact all distinction of rank, this pride was doubly fatuitous;
now that we felt a kindred, fraternal nature with all who bore the
stamp of humanity, this angry reminiscence of times for ever gone,
was worse than foolish.  Idris was too much taken up by her own
dreadful fears, to be angry, hardly grieved; for she judged that
insensibility must be the source of this continued rancour.  This
was not altogether the fact: but predominant self-will assumed the
arms and masque of callous feeling; and the haughty lady disdained
to exhibit any token of the struggle she endured; while the slave
of pride, she fancied that she sacrificed her happiness to
immutable principle.

False was all this--false all but the affections of our nature, and
the links of sympathy with pleasure or pain.  There was but one
good and one evil in the world--life and death.  The pomp of rank,
the assumption of power, the possessions of wealth vanished like
morning mist.  One living beggar had become of more worth than a
national peerage of dead lords--alas the day!--than of dead heroes,
patriots, or men of genius.  There was much of degradation in this:
for even vice and virtue had lost their attributes--life--life--the
continuation of our animal mechanism--was the Alpha and Omega of
the desires, the prayers, the prostrate ambition of human race.


Half England was desolate, when October came, and the equinoctial
winds swept over the earth, chilling the ardours of the unhealthy
season.  The summer, which was uncommonly hot, had been protracted
into the beginning of this month, when on the eighteenth a sudden
change was brought about from summer temperature to winter frost.
Pestilence then made a pause in her death-dealing career.  Gasping,
not daring to name our hopes, yet full even to the brim with
intense expectation, we stood, as a ship-wrecked sailor stands on a
barren rock islanded by the ocean, watching a distant vessel,
fancying that now it nears, and then again that it is bearing from
sight.  This promise of a renewed lease of life turned rugged
natures to melting tenderness, and by contrast filled the soft with
harsh and unnatural sentiments.  When it seemed destined that all
were to die, we were reckless of the how and when--now that the
virulence of the disease was mitigated, and it appeared willing to
spare some, each was eager to be among the elect, and clung to life
with dastard tenacity.  Instances of desertion became more
frequent; and even murders, which made the hearer sick with horror,
where the fear of contagion had armed those nearest in blood
against each other.  But these smaller and separate tragedies were
about to yield to a mightier interest--and, while we were promised
calm from infectious influences, a tempest arose wilder than the
winds, a tempest bred by the passions of man, nourished by his most
violent impulses, unexampled and dire.

A number of people from North America, the relics of that populous
continent, had set sail for the East with mad desire of change,
leaving their native plains for lands not less afflicted than their
own.  Several hundreds landed in Ireland, about the first of
November, and took possession of such vacant habitations as they
could find; seizing upon the superabundant food, and the stray
cattle.  As they exhausted the produce of one spot, they went on to
another.  At length they began to interfere with the inhabitants,
and strong in their concentrated numbers, ejected the natives from
their dwellings, and robbed them of their winter store.  A few
events of this kind roused the fiery nature of the Irish; and they
attacked the invaders.  Some were destroyed; the major part escaped
by quick and well ordered movements; and danger made them careful.
Their numbers ably arranged; the very deaths among them concealed;
moving on in good order, and apparently given up to enjoyment, they
excited the envy of the Irish.  The Americans permitted a few to
join their band, and presently the recruits outnumbered the
strangers--nor did they join with them, nor imitate the admirable
order which, preserved by the Trans-Atlantic chiefs, rendered them
at once secure and formidable.  The Irish followed their track in
disorganised multitudes; each day increasing; each day becoming
more lawless.  The Americans were eager to escape from the spirit
they had roused, and, reaching the eastern shores of the island,
embarked for England.  Their incursion would hardly have been felt
had they come alone; but the Irish, collected in unnatural numbers,
began to feel the inroads of famine, and they followed in the wake
of the Americans for England also.  The crossing of the sea could
not arrest their progress.  The harbours of the desolate sea-ports
of the west of Ireland were filled with vessels of all sizes, from
the man of war to the small fishers' boat, which lay sailorless,
and rotting on the lazy deep.  The emigrants embarked by hundreds,
and unfurling their sails with rude hands, made strange havoc of
buoy and cordage.  Those who modestly betook themselves to the
smaller craft, for the most part achieved their watery journey in
safety.  Some, in the true spirit of reckless enterprise, went on
board a ship of an hundred and twenty guns; the vast hull drifted
with the tide out of the bay, and after many hours its crew of
landsmen contrived to spread a great part of her enormous canvass--
the wind took it, and while a thousand mistakes of the helmsman
made her present her head now to one point, and now to another, the
vast fields of canvass that formed her sails flapped with a sound
like that of a huge cataract; or such as a sea-like forest may give
forth when buffeted by an equinoctial north-wind.  The port-holes
were open, and with every sea, which as she lurched, washed her
decks, they received whole tons of water.  The difficulties were
increased by a fresh breeze which began to blow, whistling among
the shrouds, dashing the sails this way and that, and rending them
with horrid split, and such whirr as may have visited the dreams of
Milton, when he imagined the winnowing of the arch-fiend's van-like
wings, which increased the uproar of wild chaos.  These sounds were
mingled with the roaring of the sea, the splash of the chafed
billows round the vessel's sides, and the gurgling up of the water
in the hold.  The crew, many of whom had never seen the sea before,
felt indeed as if heaven and earth came ruining together, as the
vessel dipped her bows in the waves, or rose high upon them.  Their
yells were drowned in the clamour of elements, and the thunder
rivings of their unwieldy habitation--they discovered at last that
the water gained on them, and they betook themselves to their
pumps; they might as well have laboured to empty the ocean by
bucketfuls.  As the sun went down, the gale increased; the ship
seemed to feel her danger, she was now completely water-logged, and
presented other indications of settling before she went down.  The
bay was crowded with vessels, whose crews, for the most part, were
observing the uncouth sportings of this huge unwieldy machine--they
saw her gradually sink; the waters now rising above her lower decks--
they could hardly wink before she had utterly disappeared, nor
could the place where the sea had closed over her be at all
discerned.  Some few of her crew were saved, but the greater part
clinging to her cordage and masts went down with her, to rise only
when death loosened their hold.

This event caused many of those who were about to sail, to put foot
again on firm land, ready to encounter any evil rather than to rush
into the yawning jaws of the pitiless ocean.  But these were few,
in comparison to the numbers who actually crossed.  Many went up as
high as Belfast to ensure a shorter passage, and then journeying
south through Scotland, they were joined by the poorer natives of
that country, and all poured with one consent into England.

Such incursions struck the English with affright, in all those
towns where there was still sufficient population to feel the
change.  There was room enough indeed in our hapless country for
twice the number of invaders; but their lawless spirit instigated
them to violence; they took a delight in thrusting the possessors
from their houses; in seizing on some mansion of luxury, where the
noble dwellers secluded themselves in fear of the plague; in
forcing these of either sex to become their servants and purveyors;
till, the ruin complete in one place, they removed their locust
visitation to another.  When unopposed they spread their ravages
wide; in cases of danger they clustered, and by dint of numbers
overthrew their weak and despairing foes.  They came from the east
and the north, and directed their course without apparent motive,
but unanimously towards our unhappy metropolis.

Communication had been to a great degree cut off through the
paralysing effects of pestilence, so that the van of our invaders
had proceeded as far as Manchester and Derby, before we received
notice of their arrival.  They swept the country like a conquering
army, burning--laying waste--murdering.  The lower and vagabond
English joined with them.  Some few of the Lords Lieutenant who
remained, endeavoured to collect the militia--but the ranks were
vacant, panic seized on all, and the opposition that was made only
served to increase the audacity and cruelty of the enemy.  They
talked of taking London, conquering England--calling to mind the
long detail of injuries which had for many years been forgotten.
Such vaunts displayed their weakness, rather than their strength--
yet still they might do extreme mischief, which, ending in their
destruction, would render them at last objects of compassion and

We were now taught how, in the beginning of the world, mankind
clothed their enemies in impossible attributes--and how details
proceeding from mouth to mouth, might, like Virgil's ever-growing
Rumour, reach the heavens with her brow, and clasp Hesperus and
Lucifer with her outstretched hands.  Gorgon and Centaur, dragon
and iron-hoofed lion, vast sea-monster and gigantic hydra, were but
types of the strange and appalling accounts brought to London
concerning our invaders.  Their landing was long unknown, but
having now advanced within an hundred miles of London, the country
people flying before them arrived in successive troops, each
exaggerating the numbers, fury, and cruelty of the assailants.
Tumult filled the before quiet streets--women and children deserted
their homes, escaping they knew not whither--fathers, husbands, and
sons, stood trembling, not for themselves, but for their loved and
defenceless relations.  As the country people poured into London,
the citizens fled southwards--they climbed the higher edifices of
the town, fancying that they could discern the smoke and flames the
enemy spread around them.  As Windsor lay, to a great degree, in
the line of march from the west, I removed my family to London,
assigning the Tower for their sojourn, and joining Adrian, acted as
his Lieutenant in the coming struggle.

We employed only two days in our preparations, and made good use of
them.  Artillery and arms were collected; the remnants of such
regiments, as could be brought through many losses into any show of
muster, were put under arms, with that appearance of military
discipline which might encourage our own party, and seem most
formidable to the disorganised multitude of our enemies.  Even
music was not wanting: banners floated in the air, and the shrill
fife and loud trumpet breathed forth sounds of encouragement and
victory.  A practised ear might trace an undue faltering in the
step of the soldiers; but this was not occasioned so much by fear
of the adversary, as by disease, by sorrow, and by fatal
prognostications, which often weighed most potently on the brave,
and quelled the manly heart to abject subjection.

Adrian led the troops.  He was full of care.  It was small relief
to him that our discipline should gain us success in such a
conflict; while plague still hovered to equalise the conqueror and
the conquered, it was not victory that he desired, but bloodless
peace.  As we advanced, we were met by bands of peasantry, whose
almost naked condition, whose despair and horror, told at once the
fierce nature of the coming enemy.  The senseless spirit of
conquest and thirst of spoil blinded them, while with insane fury
they deluged the country in ruin.  The sight of the military
restored hope to those who fled, and revenge took place of fear.
They inspired the soldiers with the same sentiment.  Languor was
changed to ardour, the slow step converted to a speedy pace, while
the hollow murmur of the multitude, inspired by one feeling, and
that deadly, filled the air, drowning the clang of arms and sound
of music.  Adrian perceived the change, and feared that it would be
difficult to prevent them from wreaking their utmost fury on the
Irish.  He rode through the lines, charging the officers to
restrain the troops, exhorting the soldiers, restoring order, and
quieting in some degree the violent agitation that swelled every

We first came upon a few stragglers of the Irish at St. Albans.
They retreated, and, joining others of their companions, still fell
back, till they reached the main body.  Tidings of an armed and
regular opposition recalled them to a sort of order.  They made
Buckingham their head-quarters, and scouts were sent out to
ascertain our situation.  We remained for the night at Luton.  In
the morning a simultaneous movement caused us each to advance.  It
was early dawn, and the air, impregnated with freshest odour,
seemed in idle mockery to play with our banners, and bore onwards
towards the enemy the music of the bands, the neighings of the
horses, and regular step of the infantry.  The first sound of
martial instruments that came upon our undisciplined foe, inspired
surprise, not unmingled with dread.  It spoke of other days, of
days of concord and order; it was associated with times when plague
was not, and man lived beyond the shadow of imminent fate.  The
pause was momentary.  Soon we heard their disorderly clamour, the
barbarian shouts, the untimed step of thousands coming on in
disarray.  Their troops now came pouring on us from the open
country or narrow lanes; a large extent of unenclosed fields lay
between us; we advanced to the middle of this, and then made a
halt: being somewhat on superior ground, we could discern the space
they covered.  When their leaders perceived us drawn out in
opposition, they also gave the word to halt, and endeavoured to
form their men into some imitation of military discipline.  The
first ranks had muskets; some were mounted, but their arms were
such as they had seized during their advance, their horses those
they had taken from the peasantry; there was no uniformity, and
little obedience, but their shouts and wild gestures showed the
untamed spirit that inspired them.  Our soldiers received the word,
and advanced to quickest time, but in perfect order: their uniform
dresses, the gleam of their polished arms, their silence, and looks
of sullen hate, were more appalling than the savage clamour of our
innumerous foe.  Thus coming nearer and nearer each other, the
howls and shouts of the Irish increased; the English proceeded in
obedience to their officers, until they came near enough to
distinguish the faces of their enemies; the sight inspired them
with fury: with one cry, that rent heaven and was re-echoed by the
furthest lines, they rushed on; they disdained the use of the
bullet, but with fixed bayonet dashed among the opposing foe, while
the ranks opening at intervals, the matchmen lighted the cannon,
whose deafening roar and blinding smoke filled up the horror of the

I was beside Adrian; a moment before he had again given the word to
halt, and had remained a few yards distant from us in deep
meditation: he was forming swiftly his plan of action, to prevent
the effusion of blood; the noise of cannon, the sudden rush of the
troops, and yell of the foe, startled him: with flashing eyes he
exclaimed, "Not one of these must perish!" and plunging the rowels
into his horse's sides, he dashed between the conflicting bands.
We, his staff, followed him to surround and protect him; obeying
his signal, however, we fell back somewhat.  The soldiery
perceiving him, paused in their onset; he did not swerve from the
bullets that passed near him, but rode immediately between the
opposing lines.  Silence succeeded to clamour; about fifty men lay
on the ground dying or dead.  Adrian raised his sword in act to
speak:  "By whose command," he cried, addressing his own troops,
"do you advance?  Who ordered your attack?  Fall back; these
misguided men shall not be slaughtered, while I am your general.
Sheath your weapons; these are your brothers, commit not
fratricide; soon the plague will not leave one for you to glut your
revenge upon: will you be more pitiless than pestilence?  As you
honour me--as you worship God, in whose image those also are
created--as your children and friends are dear to you,--shed not a
drop of precious human blood."

He spoke with outstretched hand and winning voice, and then turning
to our invaders, with a severe brow, he commanded them to lay down
their arms:  "Do you think," he said, "that because we are wasted
by plague, you can overcome us; the plague is also among you, and
when ye are vanquished by famine and disease, the ghosts of those
you have murdered will arise to bid you not hope in death.  Lay
down your arms, barbarous and cruel men--men whose hands are
stained with the blood of the innocent, whose souls are weighed
down by the orphan's cry!  We shall conquer, for the right is on
our side; already your cheeks are pale--the weapons fall from your
nerveless grasp.  Lay down your arms, fellow men! brethren!
Pardon, succour, and brotherly love await your repentance.  You are
dear to us, because you wear the frail shape of humanity; each one
among you will find a friend and host among these forces.  Shall
man be the enemy of man, while plague, the foe to all, even now is
above us, triumphing in our butchery, more cruel than her own?"

Each army paused.  On our side the soldiers grasped their arms
firmly, and looked with stern glances on the foe.  These had not
thrown down their weapons, more from fear than the spirit of
contest; they looked at each other, each wishing to follow some
example given him,--but they had no leader.  Adrian threw himself
from his horse, and approaching one of those just slain:  "He was a
man," he cried, "and he is dead.  O quickly bind up the wounds of
the fallen--let not one die; let not one more soul escape through
your merciless gashes, to relate before the throne of God the tale
of fratricide; bind up their wounds--restore them to their friends.
Cast away the hearts of tigers that burn in your breasts; throw
down those tools of cruelty and hate; in this pause of exterminating
destiny, let each man be brother, guardian, and stay to the other.
Away with those blood-stained arms, and hasten some of you to bind
up these wounds."

As he spoke, he knelt on the ground, and raised in his arms a man
from whose side the warm tide of life gushed--the poor wretch
gasped--so still had either host become, that his moans were
distinctly heard, and every heart, late fiercely bent on universal
massacre, now beat anxiously in hope and fear for the fate of this
one man.  Adrian tore off his military scarf and bound it round the
sufferer--it was too late--the man heaved a deep sigh, his head
fell back, his limbs lost their sustaining power.--"He is dead!"
said Adrian, as the corpse fell from his arms on the ground, and he
bowed his head in sorrow and awe.  The fate of the world seemed
bound up in the death of this single man.  On either side the bands
threw down their arms, even the veterans wept, and our party held
out their hands to their foes, while a gush of love and deepest
amity filled every heart.  The two forces mingling, unarmed and
hand in hand, talking only how each might assist the other, the
adversaries conjoined; each repenting, the one side their former
cruelties, the other their late violence, they obeyed the orders of
the General to proceed towards London.

Adrian was obliged to exert his utmost prudence, first to allay the
discord, and then to provide for the multitude of the invaders.
They were marched to various parts of the southern counties,
quartered in deserted villages,--a part were sent back to their own
island, while the season of winter so far revived our energy, that
the passes of the country were defended, and any increase of
numbers prohibited.

On this occasion Adrian and Idris met after a separation of nearly
a year.  Adrian had been occupied in fulfilling a laborious and
painful task.  He had been familiar with every species of human
misery, and had for ever found his powers inadequate, his aid of
small avail.  Yet the purpose of his soul, his energy and ardent
resolution, prevented any re-action of sorrow.  He seemed born
anew, and virtue, more potent than Medean alchemy, endued him with
health and strength.  Idris hardly recognized the fragile being,
whose form had seemed to bend even to the summer breeze, in the
energetic man, whose very excess of sensibility rendered him more
capable of fulfilling his station of pilot in storm-tossed England.

It was not thus with Idris.  She was uncomplaining; but the very
soul of fear had taken its seat in her heart.  She had grown thin
and pale, her eyes filled with involuntary tears, her voice was
broken and low.  She tried to throw a veil over the change which
she knew her brother must observe in her, but the effort was
ineffectual; and when alone with him, with a burst of irrepressible
grief she gave vent to her apprehensions and sorrow.  She described
in vivid terms the ceaseless care that with still renewing hunger
ate into her soul; she compared this gnawing of sleepless
expectation of evil, to the vulture that fed on the heart of
Prometheus; under the influence of this eternal excitement, and of
the interminable struggles she endured to combat and conceal it,
she felt, she said, as if all the wheels and springs of the animal
machine worked at double rate, and were fast consuming themselves.
Sleep was not sleep, for her waking thoughts, bridled by some
remains of reason, and by the sight of her children happy and in
health, were then transformed to wild dreams, all her terrors were
realized, all her fears received their dread fulfilment.  To this
state there was no hope, no alleviation, unless the grave should
quickly receive its destined prey, and she be permitted to die,
before she experienced a thousand living deaths in the loss of
those she loved.  Fearing to give me pain, she hid as best she
could the excess of her wretchedness, but meeting thus her brother
after a long absence, she could not restrain the expression of her
woe, but with all the vividness of imagination with which misery is
always replete, she poured out the emotions of her heart to her
beloved and sympathising Adrian.

Her present visit to London tended to augment her state of
inquietude, by showing in its utmost extent the ravages occasioned
by pestilence.  It hardly preserved the appearance of an inhabited
city; grass sprung up thick in the streets; the squares were weed-
grown, the houses were shut up, while silence and loneliness
characterised the busiest parts of the town.  Yet in the midst of
desolation Adrian had preserved order; and each one continued to
live according to law and custom--human institutions thus surviving
as it were divine ones, and while the decree of population was
abrogated, property continued sacred.  It was a melancholy
reflection; and in spite of the diminution of evil produced, it
struck on the heart as a wretched mockery.  All idea of resort for
pleasure, of theatres and festivals had passed away.  "Next
summer," said Adrian as we parted on our return to Windsor, "will
decide the fate of the human race.  I shall not pause in my
exertions until that time; but, if plague revives with the coming
year, all contest with her must cease, and our only occupation be
the choice of a grave."

I must not forget one incident that occurred during this visit to
London.  The visits of Merrival to Windsor, before frequent, had
suddenly ceased.  At this time where but a hair's line separated
the living from the dead, I feared that our friend had become a
victim to the all-embracing evil.  On this occasion I went,
dreading the worst, to his dwelling, to see if I could be of any
service to those of his family who might have survived.  The house
was deserted, and had been one of those assigned to the invading
strangers quartered in London.  I saw his astronomical instruments
put to strange uses, his globes defaced, his papers covered with
abstruse calculations destroyed.  The neighbours could tell me
little, till I lighted on a poor woman who acted as nurse in these
perilous times.  She told me that all the family were dead, except
Merrival himself, who had gone mad--mad, she called it, yet on
questioning her further, it appeared that he was possessed only by
the delirium of excessive grief.  This old man, tottering on the
edge of the grave, and prolonging his prospect through millions of
calculated years,--this visionary who had not seen starvation in
the wasted forms of his wife and children, or plague in the
horrible sights and sounds that surrounded him--this astronomer,
apparently dead on earth, and living only in the motion of the
spheres--loved his family with unapparent but intense affection.
Through long habit they had become a part of himself; his want of
worldly knowledge, his absence of mind and infant guilelessness,
made him utterly dependent on them.  It was not till one of them
died that he perceived their danger; one by one they were carried
off by pestilence; and his wife, his helpmate and supporter, more
necessary to him than his own limbs and frame, which had hardly
been taught the lesson of self-preservation, the kind companion
whose voice always spoke peace to him, closed her eyes in death.
The old man felt the system of universal nature which he had so
long studied and adored, slide from under him, and he stood among
the dead, and lifted his voice in curses.--No wonder that the
attendant should interpret as frenzy the harrowing maledictions of
the grief-struck old man.

I had commenced my search late in the day, a November day, that
closed in early with pattering rain and melancholy wind.  As I
turned from the door, I saw Merrival, or rather the shadow of
Merrival, attenuated and wild, pass me, and sit on the steps of his
home.  The breeze scattered the grey locks on his temples, the rain
drenched his uncovered head, he sat hiding his face in his withered
hands.  I pressed his shoulder to awaken his attention, but he did
not alter his position.  "Merrival," I said, "it is long since we
have seen you--you must return to Windsor with me--Lady Idris
desires to see you, you will not refuse her request--come home with

He replied in a hollow voice, "Why deceive a helpless old man, why
talk hypocritically to one half crazed?  Windsor is not my home; my
true home I have found; the home that the Creator has prepared for

His accent of bitter scorn thrilled me--"Do not tempt me to speak,"
he continued, "my words would scare you--in an universe of cowards
I dare think--among the church-yard tombs--among the victims of His
merciless tyranny I dare reproach the Supreme Evil.  How can he
punish me?  Let him bare his arm and transfix me with lightning--
this is also one of his attributes"--and the old man laughed.

He rose, and I followed him through the rain to a neighbouring
church-yard--he threw himself on the wet earth.  "Here they are,"
he cried, "beautiful creatures--breathing, speaking, loving
creatures.  She who by day and night cherished the age-worn lover
of her youth--they, parts of my flesh, my children--here they are:
call them, scream their names through the night; they will not
answer!" He clung to the little heaps that marked the graves.  "I
ask but one thing; I do not fear His hell, for I have it here; I do
not desire His heaven, let me but die and be laid beside them; let
me but, when I lie dead, feel my flesh as it moulders, mingle with
theirs.  Promise," and he raised himself painfully, and seized my
arm, "promise to bury me with them."

"So God help me and mine as I promise," I replied, "on one
condition: return with me to Windsor."

"To Windsor!" he cried with a shriek, "Never!--from this place I
never go--my bones, my flesh, I myself, are already buried here,
and what you see of me is corrupted clay like them.  I will lie
here, and cling here, till rain, and hail, and lightning and storm,
ruining on me, make me one in substance with them below."

In a few words I must conclude this tragedy.  I was obliged to
leave London, and Adrian undertook to watch over him; the task was
soon fulfilled; age, grief, and inclement weather, all united to
hush his sorrows, and bring repose to his heart, whose beats were
agony.  He died embracing the sod, which was piled above his
breast, when he was placed beside the beings whom he regretted with
such wild despair.

I returned to Windsor at the wish of Idris, who seemed to think
that there was greater safety for her children at that spot; and
because, once having taken on me the guardianship of the district,
I would not desert it while an inhabitant survived.  I went also to
act in conformity with Adrian's plans, which was to congregate in
masses what remained of the population; for he possessed the
conviction that it was only through the benevolent and social
virtues that any safety was to be hoped for the remnant of mankind.

It was a melancholy thing to return to this spot so dear to us, as
the scene of a happiness rarely before enjoyed, here to mark the
extinction of our species, and trace the deep inerasable footsteps
of disease over the fertile and cherished soil.  The aspect of the
country had so far changed, that it had been impossible to enter on
the task of sowing seed, and other autumnal labours.  That season
was now gone; and winter had set in with sudden and unusual
severity.  Alternate frosts and thaws succeeding to floods,
rendered the country impassable.  Heavy falls of snow gave an
arctic appearance to the scenery; the roofs of the houses peeped
from the white mass; the lowly cot and stately mansion, alike
deserted, were blocked up, their thresholds uncleared; the windows
were broken by the hail, while the prevalence of a north-east wind
rendered out-door exertions extremely painful.  The altered state
of society made these accidents of nature, sources of real misery.
The luxury of command and the attentions of servitude were lost.
It is true that the necessaries of life were assembled in such
quantities, as to supply to superfluity the wants of the diminished
population; but still much labour was required to arrange these, as
it were, raw materials; and depressed by sickness, and fearful of
the future, we had not energy to enter boldly and decidedly on any

I can speak for myself--want of energy was not my failing.  The
intense life that quickened my pulses, and animated my frame, had
the effect, not of drawing me into the mazes of active life, but of
exalting my lowliness, and of bestowing majestic proportions on
insignificant objects--I could have lived the life of a peasant in
the same way--my trifling occupations were swelled into important
pursuits; my affections were impetuous and engrossing passions, and
nature with all her changes was invested in divine attributes.  The
very spirit of the Greek mythology inhabited my heart; I deified
the uplands, glades, and streams, I

     Had sight of Proteus coming from the sea;
     And heard old Triton blow his wreathed horn.*

* Wordsworth.

Strange, that while the earth preserved her monotonous course, I
dwelt with ever-renewing wonder on her antique laws, and now that
with eccentric wheel she rushed into an untried path, I should feel
this spirit fade; I struggled with despondency and weariness, but
like a fog, they choked me.  Perhaps, after the labours and
stupendous excitement of the past summer, the calm of winter and
the almost menial toils it brought with it, were by natural re-
action doubly irksome.  It was not the grasping passion of the
preceding year, which gave life and individuality to each moment--
it was not the aching pangs induced by the distresses of the times.
The utter inutility that had attended all my exertions took from
them their usual effects of exhilaration, and despair rendered
abortive the balm of self applause--I longed to return to my old
occupations, but of what use were they?  To read were futile--to
write, vanity indeed.  The earth, late wide circus for the display
of dignified exploits, vast theatre for a magnificent drama, now
presented a vacant space, an empty stage--for actor or spectator
there was no longer aught to say or hear.

Our little town of Windsor, in which the survivors from the
neighbouring counties were chiefly assembled, wore a melancholy
aspect.  Its streets were blocked up with snow--the few passengers
seemed palsied, and frozen by the ungenial visitation of winter.
To escape these evils was the aim and scope of all our exertions.
Families late devoted to exalting and refined pursuits, rich,
blooming, and young, with diminished numbers and care-fraught
hearts, huddled over a fire, grown selfish and grovelling through
suffering.  Without the aid of servants, it was necessary to
discharge all household duties; hands unused to such labour must
knead the bread, or in the absence of flour, the statesmen or
perfumed courtier must undertake the butcher's office.  Poor and
rich were now equal, or rather the poor were the superior, since
they entered on such tasks with alacrity and experience; while
ignorance, inaptitude, and habits of repose, rendered them
fatiguing to the luxurious, galling to the proud, disgustful to all
whose minds, bent on intellectual improvement, held it their
dearest privilege to be exempt from attending to mere animal wants.

But in every change goodness and affection can find field for
exertion and display.  Among some these changes produced a devotion
and sacrifice of self at once graceful and heroic.  It was a sight
for the lovers of the human race to enjoy; to behold, as in ancient
times, the patriarchal modes in which the variety of kindred and
friendship fulfilled their duteous and kindly offices.  Youths,
nobles of the land, performed for the sake of mother or sister, the
services of menials with amiable cheerfulness.  They went to the
river to break the ice, and draw water: they assembled on foraging
expeditions, or axe in hand felled the trees for fuel.  The females
received them on their return with the simple and affectionate
welcome known before only to the lowly cottage--a clean hearth and
bright fire; the supper ready cooked by beloved hands; gratitude
for the provision for to-morrow's meal: strange enjoyments for the
high-born English, yet they were now their sole, hard earned, and
dearly prized luxuries.

None was more conspicuous for this graceful submission to
circumstances, noble humility, and ingenious fancy to adorn such
acts with romantic colouring, than our own Clara.  She saw my
despondency, and the aching cares of Idris.  Her perpetual study
was to relieve us from labour and to spread ease and even elegance
over our altered mode of life.  We still had some attendants spared
by disease, and warmly attached to us.  But Clara was jealous of
their services; she would be sole handmaid of Idris, sole minister
to the wants of her little cousins; nothing gave her so much
pleasure as our employing her in this way; she went beyond our
desires, earnest, diligent, and unwearied,--

     Abra was ready ere we called her name,
     And though we called another, Abra came.*

* Prior's Solomon.

It was my task each day to visit the various families assembled in
our town, and when the weather permitted, I was glad to prolong my
ride, and to muse in solitude over every changeful appearance of
our destiny, endeavouring to gather lessons for the future from the
experience of the past.  The impatience with which, while in
society, the ills that afflicted my species inspired me, were
softened by loneliness, when individual suffering was merged in the
general calamity, strange to say, less afflicting to contemplate.
Thus often, pushing my way with difficulty through the narrow snow-
blocked town, I crossed the bridge and passed through Eton.  No
youthful congregation of gallant-hearted boys thronged the portal
of the college; sad silence pervaded the busy school-room and noisy
playground.  I extended my ride towards Salt Hill, on every side
impeded by the snow.  Were those the fertile fields I loved--was
that the interchange of gentle upland and cultivated dale, once
covered with waving corn, diversified by stately trees, watered by
the meandering Thames?  One sheet of white covered it, while bitter
recollection told me that cold as the winter-clothed earth, were
the hearts of the inhabitants.  I met troops of horses, herds of
cattle, flocks of sheep, wandering at will; here throwing down a
hay-rick, and nestling from cold in its heart, which afforded them
shelter and food--there having taken possession of a vacant

Once on a frosty day, pushed on by restless unsatisfying
reflections, I sought a favourite haunt, a little wood not far
distant from Salt Hill.  A bubbling spring prattles over stones on
one side, and a plantation of a few elms and beeches, hardly
deserve, and yet continue the name of wood.  This spot had for me
peculiar charms.  It had been a favourite resort of Adrian; it was
secluded; and he often said that in boyhood, his happiest hours
were spent here; having escaped the stately bondage of his mother,
he sat on the rough hewn steps that led to the spring, now reading
a favourite book, now musing, with speculation beyond his years, on
the still unravelled skein of morals or metaphysics.  A melancholy
foreboding assured me that I should never see this place more; so
with careful thought, I noted each tree, every winding of the
streamlet and irregularity of the soil, that I might better call up
its idea in absence.  A robin red-breast dropt from the frosty
branches of the trees, upon the congealed rivulet; its panting
breast and half-closed eyes showed that it was dying: a hawk
appeared in the air; sudden fear seized the little creature; it
exerted its last strength, throwing itself on its back, raising its
talons in impotent defence against its powerful enemy.  I took it
up and placed it in my breast.  I fed it with a few crumbs from a
biscuit; by degrees it revived; its warm fluttering heart beat
against me; I cannot tell why I detail this trifling incident--but
the scene is still before me; the snow-clad fields seen through the
silvered trunks of the beeches,--the brook, in days of happiness
alive with sparkling waters, now choked by ice--the leafless trees
fantastically dressed in hoar frost--the shapes of summer leaves
imaged by winter's frozen hand on the hard ground--the dusky sky,
drear cold, and unbroken silence--while close in my bosom, my
feathered nursling lay warm, and safe, speaking its content with a
light chirp--painful reflections thronged, stirring my brain with
wild commotion--cold and death-like as the snowy fields was all
earth--misery-stricken the life-tide of the inhabitants--why should
I oppose the cataract of destruction that swept us away?--why
string my nerves and renew my wearied efforts--ah, why?  But that
my firm courage and cheerful exertions might shelter the dear mate,
whom I chose in the spring of my life; though the throbbings of my
heart be replete with pain, though my hopes for the future are
chill, still while your dear head, my gentlest love, can repose in
peace on that heart, and while you derive from its fostering care,
comfort, and hope, my struggles shall not cease,--I will not call
myself altogether vanquished.

One fine February day, when the sun had reassumed some of its
genial power, I walked in the forest with my family.  It was one of
those lovely winter-days which assert the capacity of nature to
bestow beauty on barrenness.  The leafless trees spread their
fibrous branches against the pure sky; their intricate and pervious
tracery resembled delicate sea-weed; the deer were turning up the
snow in search of the hidden grass; the white was made intensely
dazzling by the sun, and trunks of the trees, rendered more
conspicuous by the loss of preponderating foliage, gathered around
like the labyrinthine columns of a vast temple; it was impossible
not to receive pleasure from the sight of these things.  Our
children, freed from the bondage of winter, bounded before us;
pursuing the deer, or rousing the pheasants and partridges from
their coverts.  Idris leant on my arm; her sadness yielded to the
present sense of pleasure.  We met other families on the Long Walk,
enjoying like ourselves the return of the genial season.  At once,
I seemed to awake; I cast off the clinging sloth of the past
months; earth assumed a new appearance, and my view of the future
was suddenly made clear.  I exclaimed, "I have now found out the

"What secret?"

In answer to this question, I described our gloomy winter-life, our
sordid cares, our menial labours:--"This northern country," I said,
"is no place for our diminished race.  When mankind were few, it
was not here that they battled with the powerful agents of nature,
and were enabled to cover the globe with offspring.  We must seek
some natural Paradise, some garden of the earth, where our simple
wants may be easily supplied, and the enjoyment of a delicious
climate compensate for the social pleasures we have lost.  If we
survive this coming summer, I will not spend the ensuing winter in
England; neither I nor any of us."

I spoke without much heed, and the very conclusion of what I said
brought with it other thoughts.  Should we, any of us, survive the
coming summer?  I saw the brow of Idris clouded; I again felt, that
we were enchained to the car of fate, over whose coursers we had no
control.  We could no longer say, This we will do, and this we will
leave undone.  A mightier power than the human was at hand to
destroy our plans or to achieve the work we avoided.  It were
madness to calculate upon another winter.  This was our last.  The
coming summer was the extreme end of our vista; and, when we
arrived there, instead of a continuation of the long road, a gulf
yawned, into which we must of force be precipitated.  The last
blessing of humanity was wrested from us; we might no longer hope.
Can the madman, as he clanks his chains, hope?  Can the wretch, led
to the scaffold, who when he lays his head on the block, marks the
double shadow of himself and the executioner, whose uplifted arm
bears the axe, hope?  Can the ship-wrecked mariner, who spent with
swimming, hears close behind the splashing waters divided by a
shark which pursues him through the Atlantic, hope?  Such hope as
theirs, we also may entertain!

Old fable tells us, that this gentle spirit sprung from the box of
Pandora, else crammed with evils; but these were unseen and null,
while all admired the inspiriting loveliness of young Hope; each
man's heart became her home; she was enthroned sovereign of our
lives, here and here-after; she was deified and worshipped,
declared incorruptible and everlasting.  But like all other gifts
of the Creator to Man, she is mortal; her life has attained its
last hour.  We have watched over her; nursed her flickering
existence; now she has fallen at once from youth to decrepitude,
from health to immedicinable disease; even as we spend ourselves in
struggles for her recovery, she dies; to all nations the voice goes
forth, Hope is dead!  We are but mourners in the funeral train, and
what immortal essence or perishable creation will refuse to make
one in the sad procession that attends to its grave the dead
comforter of humanity?

     Does not the sun call in his light? and day
     Like a thin exhalation melt away--
     Both wrapping up their beams in clouds to be
     Themselves close mourners at this obsequie.*

* Cleveland's Poems.


Hear you not the rushing sound of the coming tempest?  Do you not
behold the clouds open, and destruction lurid and dire pour down on
the blasted earth?  See you not the thunderbolt fall, and are
deafened by the shout of heaven that follows its descent?  Feel you
not the earth quake and open with agonizing groans, while the air
is pregnant with shrieks and wailings,--all announcing the last
days of man?

No! none of these things accompanied our fall!  The balmy air of
spring, breathed from nature's ambrosial home, invested the lovely
earth, which wakened as a young mother about to lead forth in pride
her beauteous offspring to meet their sire who had been long
absent.  The buds decked the trees, the flowers adorned the land:
the dark branches, swollen with seasonable juices, expanded into
leaves, and the variegated foliage of spring, bending and singing
in the breeze, rejoiced in the genial warmth of the unclouded
empyrean: the brooks flowed murmuring, the sea was waveless, and
the promontories that over-hung it were reflected in the placid
waters; birds awoke in the woods, while abundant food for man and
beast sprung up from the dark ground.  Where was pain and evil?
Not in the calm air or weltering ocean; not in the woods or fertile
fields, nor among the birds that made the woods resonant with song,
nor the animals that in the midst of plenty basked in the sunshine.
Our enemy, like the Calamity of Homer, trod our hearts, and no
sound was echoed from her steps--

     With ills the land is rife, with ills the sea,
     Diseases haunt our frail humanity,
     Through noon, through night, on casual wing they glide,
     Silent,--a voice the power all-wise denied.*

* Elton's translation of Hesiod.

Once man was a favourite of the Creator, as the royal psalmist
sang, "God had made him a little lower than the angels, and had
crowned him with glory and honour.  God made him to have dominion
over the works of his hands, and put all things under his feet."
Once it was so; now is man lord of the creation?  Look at him--ha!
I see plague!  She has invested his form, is incarnate in his
flesh, has entwined herself with his being, and blinds his heaven-
seeking eyes.  Lie down, O man, on the flower-strewn earth; give up
all claim to your inheritance, all you can ever possess of it is
the small cell which the dead require.

Plague is the companion of spring, of sunshine, and plenty.  We no
longer struggle with her.  We have forgotten what we did when she
was not.  Of old navies used to stem the giant ocean-waves betwixt
Indus and the Pole for slight articles of luxury.  Men made
perilous journeys to possess themselves of earth's splendid
trifles, gems and gold.  Human labour was wasted--human life set at
nought.  Now life is all that we covet; that this automaton of
flesh should, with joints and springs in order, perform its
functions, that this dwelling of the soul should be capable of
containing its dweller.  Our minds, late spread abroad through
countless spheres and endless combinations of thought, now
retrenched themselves behind this wall of flesh, eager to preserve
its well-being only.  We were surely sufficiently degraded.

At first the increase of sickness in spring brought increase of
toil to such of us, who, as yet spared to life, bestowed our time
and thoughts on our fellow creatures.  We nerved ourselves to the
task:  "in the midst of despair we performed the tasks of hope."
We went out with the resolution of disputing with our foe.  We
aided the sick, and comforted the sorrowing; turning from the
multitudinous dead to the rare survivors, with an energy of desire
that bore the resemblance of power, we bade them--live.  Plague sat
paramount the while, and laughed us to scorn.

Have any of you, my readers, observed the ruins of an anthill
immediately after its destruction?  At first it appears entirely
deserted of its former inhabitants; in a little time you see an ant
struggling through the upturned mould; they reappear by twos and
threes, running hither and thither in search of their lost
companions.  Such were we upon earth, wondering aghast at the
effects of pestilence.  Our empty habitations remained, but the
dwellers were gathered to the shades of the tomb.

As the rules of order and pressure of laws were lost, some began
with hesitation and wonder to transgress the accustomed uses of
society.  Palaces were deserted, and the poor man dared at length,
unreproved, intrude into the splendid apartments, whose very
furniture and decorations were an unknown world to him.  It was
found that, though at first the stop put to all circulation of
property, had reduced those before supported by the factitious
wants of society to sudden and hideous poverty, yet when the
boundaries of private possession were thrown down, the products of
human labour at present existing were more, far more, than the
thinned generation could possibly consume.  To some among the poor
this was matter of exultation.  We were all equal now; magnificent
dwellings, luxurious carpets, and beds of down, were afforded to
all.  Carriages and horses, gardens, pictures, statues, and
princely libraries, there were enough of these even to superfluity;
and there was nothing to prevent each from assuming possession of
his share.  We were all equal now; but near at hand was an equality
still more levelling, a state where beauty and strength, and
wisdom, would be as vain as riches and birth.  The grave yawned
beneath us all, and its prospect prevented any of us from enjoying
the ease and plenty which in so awful a manner was presented to us.

Still the bloom did not fade on the cheeks of my babes; and Clara
sprung up in years and growth, unsullied by disease.  We had no
reason to think the site of Windsor Castle peculiarly healthy, for
many other families had expired beneath its roof; we lived
therefore without any particular precaution; but we lived, it
seemed, in safety.  If Idris became thin and pale, it was anxiety
that occasioned the change; an anxiety I could in no way alleviate.
She never complained, but sleep and appetite fled from her, a slow
fever preyed on her veins, her colour was hectic, and she often
wept in secret; gloomy prognostications, care, and agonizing dread,
ate up the principle of life within her.  I could not fail to
perceive this change.  I often wished that I had permitted her to
take her own course, and engage herself in such labours for the
welfare of others as might have distracted her thoughts.  But it
was too late now.  Besides that, with the nearly extinct race of
man, all our toils grew near a conclusion, she was too weak;
consumption, if so it might be called, or rather the over active
life within her, which, as with Adrian, spent the vital oil in the
early morning hours, deprived her limbs of strength.  At night,
when she could leave me unperceived, she wandered through the
house, or hung over the couches of her children; and in the day
time would sink into a perturbed sleep, while her murmurs and
starts betrayed the unquiet dreams that vexed her.  As this state
of wretchedness became more confirmed, and, in spite of her
endeavours at concealment more apparent, I strove, though vainly,
to awaken in her courage and hope.  I could not wonder at the
vehemence of her care; her very soul was tenderness; she trusted
indeed that she should not outlive me if I became the prey of the
vast calamity, and this thought sometimes relieved her.  We had for
many years trod the highway of life hand in hand, and still thus
linked, we might step within the shades of death; but her children,
her lovely, playful, animated children--beings sprung from her own
dear side--portions of her own being--depositories of our loves--
even if we died, it would be comfort to know that they ran man's
accustomed course.  But it would not be so; young and blooming as
they were, they would die, and from the hopes of maturity, from the
proud name of attained manhood, they were cut off for ever.  Often
with maternal affection she had figured their merits and talents
exerted on life's wide stage.  Alas for these latter days!  The
world had grown old, and all its inmates partook of the decrepitude.
Why talk of infancy, manhood, and old age?  We all stood equal
sharers of the last throes of time-worn nature.  Arrived at the
same point of the world's age--there was no difference in us; the
name of parent and child had lost their meaning; young boys and
girls were level now with men.  This was all true; but it was not
less agonizing to take the admonition home.

Where could we turn, and not find a desolation pregnant with the
dire lesson of example?  The fields had been left uncultivated,
weeds and gaudy flowers sprung up,--or where a few wheat-fields
showed signs of the living hopes of the husbandman, the work had
been left halfway, the ploughman had died beside the plough; the
horses had deserted the furrow, and no seedsman had approached the
dead; the cattle unattended wandered over the fields and through
the lanes; the tame inhabitants of the poultry yard, baulked of
their daily food, had become wild--young lambs were dropt in flower-
gardens, and the cow stalled in the hall of pleasure.  Sickly and
few, the country people neither went out to sow nor reap; but
sauntered about the meadows, or lay under the hedges, when the
inclement sky did not drive them to take shelter under the nearest
roof.  Many of those who remained, secluded themselves; some had
laid up stores which should prevent the necessity of leaving their
homes;--some deserted wife and child, and imagined that they
secured their safety in utter solitude.  Such had been Ryland's
plan, and he was discovered dead and half-devoured by insects, in a
house many miles from any other, with piles of food laid up in
useless superfluity.  Others made long journeys to unite themselves
to those they loved, and arrived to find them dead.

London did not contain above a thousand inhabitants; and this
number was continually diminishing.  Most of them were country
people, come up for the sake of change; the Londoners had sought
the country.  The busy eastern part of the town was silent, or at
most you saw only where, half from cupidity, half from curiosity,
the warehouses had been more ransacked than pillaged: bales of rich
India goods, shawls of price, jewels, and spices, unpacked, strewed
the floors.  In some places the possessor had to the last kept
watch on his store, and died before the barred gates.  The massy
portals of the churches swung creaking on their hinges; and some
few lay dead on the pavement.  The wretched female, loveless victim
of vulgar brutality, had wandered to the toilet of high-born
beauty, and, arraying herself in the garb of splendour, had died
before the mirror which reflected to herself alone her altered
appearance.  Women whose delicate feet had seldom touched the earth
in their luxury, had fled in fright and horror from their homes,
till, losing themselves in the squalid streets of the metropolis,
they had died on the threshold of poverty.  The heart sickened at
the variety of misery presented; and, when I saw a specimen of this
gloomy change, my soul ached with the fear of what might befall my
beloved Idris and my babes.  Were they, surviving Adrian and
myself, to find themselves protectorless in the world?  As yet the
mind alone had suffered--could I for ever put off the time, when
the delicate frame and shrinking nerves of my child of prosperity,
the nursling of rank and wealth, who was my companion, should be
invaded by famine, hardship, and disease?  Better die at once--
better plunge a poniard in her bosom, still untouched by drear
adversity, and then again sheathe it in my own!  But, no; in times
of misery we must fight against our destinies, and strive not to be
overcome by them.  I would not yield, but to the last gasp
resolutely defended my dear ones against sorrow and pain; and if I
were vanquished at last, it should not be ingloriously.  I stood in
the gap, resisting the enemy--the impalpable, invisible foe, who
had so long besieged us--as yet he had made no breach: it must be
my care that he should not, secretly undermining, burst up within
the very threshold of the temple of love, at whose altar I daily

The hunger of Death was now stung more sharply by the diminution of
his food: or was it that before, the survivors being many, the dead
were less eagerly counted?  Now each life was a gem, each human
breathing form of far, O! far more worth than subtlest imagery of
sculptured stone; and the daily, nay, hourly decrease visible in
our numbers, visited the heart with sickening misery.  This summer
extinguished our hopes, the vessel of society was wrecked, and the
shattered raft, which carried the few survivors over the sea of
misery, was riven and tempest tost.  Man existed by twos and
threes; man, the individual who might sleep, and wake, and perform
the animal functions; but man, in himself weak, yet more powerful
in congregated numbers than wind or ocean; man, the queller of the
elements, the lord of created nature, the peer of demi-gods,
existed no longer.

Farewell to the patriotic scene, to the love of liberty and well
earned meed of virtuous aspiration!--farewell to crowded senate,
vocal with the councils of the wise, whose laws were keener than
the sword blade tempered at Damascus!--farewell to kingly pomp and
warlike pageantry; the crowns are in the dust, and the wearers are
in their graves!--farewell to the desire of rule, and the hope of
victory; to high vaulting ambition, to the appetite for praise, and
the craving for the suffrage of their fellows!  The nations are no
longer!  No senate sits in council for the dead; no scion of a time
honoured dynasty pants to rule over the inhabitants of a charnel
house; the general's hand is cold, and the soldier has his untimely
grave dug in his native fields, unhonoured, though in youth.  The
market-place is empty, the candidate for popular favour finds none
whom he can represent.  To chambers of painted state farewell!--To
midnight revelry, and the panting emulation of beauty, to costly
dress and birth-day show, to title and the gilded coronet, farewell!

Farewell to the giant powers of man,--to knowledge that could pilot
the deep-drawing bark through the opposing waters of shoreless
ocean,--to science that directed the silken balloon through the
pathless air,--to the power that could put a barrier to mighty
waters, and set in motion wheels, and beams, and vast machinery,
that could divide rocks of granite or marble, and make the
mountains plain!

Farewell to the arts,--to eloquence, which is to the human mind as
the winds to the sea, stirring, and then allaying it;--farewell to
poetry and deep philosophy, for man's imagination is cold, and his
inquiring mind can no longer expatiate on the wonders of life, for
"there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom in the
grave, whither thou goest!"--to the graceful building, which in its
perfect proportion transcended the rude forms of nature, the
fretted gothic and massy saracenic pile, to the stupendous arch and
glorious dome, the fluted column with its capital, Corinthian,
Ionic, or Doric, the peristyle and fair entablature, whose harmony
of form is to the eye as musical concord to the ear!--farewell to
sculpture, where the pure marble mocks human flesh, and in the
plastic expression of the culled excellencies of the human shape,
shines forth the god!--farewell to painting, the high wrought
sentiment and deep knowledge of the artists's mind in pictured
canvas--to paradisaical scenes, where trees are ever vernal, and
the ambrosial air rests in perpetual glow:--to the stamped form of
tempest, and wildest uproar of universal nature encaged in the
narrow frame, O farewell!  Farewell to music, and the sound of
song; to the marriage of instruments, where the concord of soft and
harsh unites in sweet harmony, and gives wings to the panting
listeners, whereby to climb heaven, and learn the hidden pleasures
of the eternals!--Farewell to the well-trod stage; a truer tragedy
is enacted on the world's ample scene, that puts to shame mimic
grief: to high-bred comedy, and the low buffoon, farewell!--Man may
laugh no more.

Alas! to enumerate the adornments of humanity, shows, by what we
have lost, how supremely great man was.  It is all over now.  He is
solitary; like our first parents expelled from Paradise, he looks
back towards the scene he has quitted.  The high walls of the tomb,
and the flaming sword of plague, lie between it and him.  Like to
our first parents, the whole earth is before him, a wide desert.
Unsupported and weak, let him wander through fields where the
unreaped corn stands in barren plenty, through copses planted by
his fathers, through towns built for his use.  Posterity is no
more; fame, and ambition, and love, are words void of meaning; even
as the cattle that grazes in the field, do thou, O deserted one,
lie down at evening-tide, unknowing of the past, careless of the
future, for from such fond ignorance alone canst thou hope for

Joy paints with its own colours every act and thought.  The happy
do not feel poverty--for delight is as a gold-tissued robe, and
crowns them with priceless gems.  Enjoyment plays the cook to their
homely fare, and mingles intoxication with their simple drink.  Joy
strews the hard couch with roses, and makes labour ease.

Sorrow doubles the burthen to the bent-down back; plants thorns in
the unyielding pillow; mingles gall with water; adds saltness to
their bitter bread; clothing them in rags, and strewing ashes on
their bare heads.  To our irremediable distress every small and
pelting inconvenience came with added force; we had strung our
frames to endure the Atlean weight thrown on us; we sank beneath
the added feather chance threw on us, "the grasshopper was a
burthen."  Many of the survivors had been bred in luxury--their
servants were gone, their powers of command vanished like unreal
shadows: the poor even suffered various privations; and the idea of
another winter like the last, brought affright to our minds.  Was
it not enough that we must die, but toil must be added?--must we
prepare our funeral repast with labour, and with unseemly drudgery
heap fuel on our deserted hearths--must we with servile hands
fabricate the garments, soon to be our shroud?

Not so!  We are presently to die, let us then enjoy to its full
relish the remnant of our lives.  Sordid care, avaunt! menial
labours, and pains, slight in themselves, but too gigantic for our
exhausted strength, shall make no part of our ephemeral existences.
In the beginning of time, when, as now, man lived by families, and
not by tribes or nations, they were placed in a genial clime, where
earth fed them untilled, and the balmy air enwrapped their reposing
limbs with warmth more pleasant than beds of down.  The south is
the native place of the human race; the land of fruits, more
grateful to man than the hard-earned Ceres of the north,--of trees,
whose boughs are as a palace-roof, of couches of roses, and of the
thirst-appeasing grape.  We need not there fear cold and hunger.

Look at England! the grass shoots up high in the meadows; but they
are dank and cold, unfit bed for us.  Corn we have none, and the
crude fruits cannot support us.  We must seek firing in the bowels
of the earth, or the unkind atmosphere will fill us with rheums and
aches.  The labour of hundreds of thousands alone could make this
inclement nook fit habitation for one man.  To the south then, to
the sun!--where nature is kind, where Jove has showered forth the
contents of Amalthea's horn, and earth is garden.

England, late birth-place of excellence and school of the wise, thy
children are gone, thy glory faded!  Thou, England, wert the
triumph of man!  Small favour was shown thee by thy Creator, thou
Isle of the North; a ragged canvas naturally, painted by man with
alien colours; but the hues he gave are faded, never more to be
renewed.  So we must leave thee, thou marvel of the world; we must
bid farewell to thy clouds, and cold, and scarcity for ever!  Thy
manly hearts are still; thy tale of power and liberty at its close!
Bereft of man, O little isle! the ocean waves will buffet thee, and
the raven flap his wings over thee; thy soil will be birth-place of
weeds, thy sky will canopy barrenness.  It was not for the rose of
Persia thou wert famous, nor the banana of the east; not for the
spicy gales of India, nor the sugar groves of America; not for thy
vines nor thy double harvests, nor for thy vernal airs, nor
solstitial sun--but for thy children, their unwearied industry and
lofty aspiration.  They are gone, and thou goest with them the oft
trodden path that leads to oblivion,--

     Farewell, sad Isle, farewell, thy fatal glory
     Is summed, cast up, and cancelled in this story.*

* Cleveland's Poems.


In the autumn of this year 2096, the spirit of emigration crept in
among the few survivors, who, congregating from various parts of
England, met in London.  This spirit existed as a breath, a wish, a
far off thought, until communicated to Adrian, who imbibed it with
ardour, and instantly engaged himself in plans for its execution.
The fear of immediate death vanished with the heats of September.
Another winter was before us, and we might elect our mode of
passing it to the best advantage.  Perhaps in rational philosophy
none could be better chosen than this scheme of migration, which
would draw us from the immediate scene of our woe, and, leading us
through pleasant and picturesque countries, amuse for a time our
despair.  The idea once broached, all were impatient to put it in

We were still at Windsor; our renewed hopes medicined the anguish
we had suffered from the late tragedies.  The death of many of our
inmates had weaned us from the fond idea, that Windsor Castle was a
spot sacred from the plague; but our lease of life was renewed for
some months, and even Idris lifted her head, as a lily after a
storm, when a last sunbeam tinges its silver cup.  Just at this
time Adrian came down to us; his eager looks showed us that he was
full of some scheme.  He hastened to take me aside, and disclosed
to me with rapidity his plan of emigration from England.

To leave England for ever! to turn from its polluted fields and
groves, and, placing the sea between us, to quit it, as a sailor
quits the rock on which he has been wrecked, when the saving ship
rides by.  Such was his plan.

To leave the country of our fathers, made holy by their graves!--We
could not feel even as a voluntary exile of old, who might for
pleasure or convenience forsake his native soil; though thousands
of miles might divide him, England was still a part of him, as he
of her.  He heard of the passing events of the day; he knew that,
if he returned, and resumed his place in society, the entrance was
still open, and it required but the will, to surround himself at
once with the associations and habits of boyhood.  Not so with us,
the remnant.  We left none to represent us, none to repeople the
desert land, and the name of England died, when we left her,

     In vagabond pursuit of dreadful safety.

Yet let us go!  England is in her shroud,--we may not enchain
ourselves to a corpse.  Let us go--the world is our country now,
and we will choose for our residence its most fertile spot.  Shall
we, in these desert halls, under this wintry sky, sit with closed
eyes and folded hands, expecting death?  Let us rather go out to
meet it gallantly: or perhaps--for all this pendulous orb, this
fair gem in the sky's diadem, is not surely plague-stricken--
perhaps, in some secluded nook, amidst eternal spring, and waving
trees, and purling streams, we may find Life.  The world is vast,
and England, though her many fields and wide spread woods seem
interminable, is but a small part of her.  At the close of a day's
march over high mountains and through snowy valleys, we may come
upon health, and committing our loved ones to its charge, replant
the uprooted tree of humanity, and send to late posterity the tale
of the ante-pestilential race, the heroes and sages of the lost
state of things.

Hope beckons and sorrow urges us, the heart beats high with
expectation, and this eager desire of change must be an omen of
success.  O come!  Farewell to the dead! farewell to the tombs of
those we loved!--farewell to giant London and the placid Thames, to
river and mountain or fair district, birth-place of the wise and
good, to Windsor Forest and its antique castle, farewell! themes
for story alone are they,--we must live elsewhere.

Such were in part the arguments of Adrian, uttered with enthusiasm
and unanswerable rapidity.  Something more was in his heart, to
which he dared not give words.  He felt that the end of time was
come; he knew that one by one we should dwindle into nothingness.
It was not advisable to wait this sad consummation in our native
country; but travelling would give us our object for each day, that
would distract our thoughts from the swift-approaching end of
things.  If we went to Italy, to sacred and eternal Rome, we might
with greater patience submit to the decree, which had laid her
mighty towers low.  We might lose our selfish grief in the sublime
aspect of its desolation.  All this was in the mind of Adrian; but
he thought of my children, and, instead of communicating to me
these resources of despair, he called up the image of health and
life to be found, where we knew not--when we knew not; but if never
to be found, for ever and for ever to be sought.  He won me over to
his party, heart and soul.

It devolved on me to disclose our plan to Idris.  The images of
health and hope which I presented to her, made her with a smile
consent.  With a smile she agreed to leave her country, from which
she had never before been absent, and the spot she had inhabited
from infancy; the forest and its mighty trees, the woodland paths
and green recesses, where she had played in childhood, and had
lived so happily through youth; she would leave them without
regret, for she hoped to purchase thus the lives of her children.
They were her life; dearer than a spot consecrated to love, dearer
than all else the earth contained.  The boys heard with childish
glee of our removal: Clara asked if we were to go to Athens.  "It
is possible," I replied; and her countenance became radiant with
pleasure.  There she would behold the tomb of her parents, and the
territory filled with recollections of her father's glory.  In
silence, but without respite, she had brooded over these scenes.
It was the recollection of them that had turned her infant gaiety
to seriousness, and had impressed her with high and restless

There were many dear friends whom we must not leave behind, humble
though they were.  There was the spirited and obedient steed which
Lord Raymond had given his daughter; there was Alfred's dog and a
pet eagle, whose sight was dimmed through age.  But this catalogue
of favourites to be taken with us, could not be made without grief
to think of our heavy losses, and a deep sigh for the many things
we must leave behind.  The tears rushed into the eyes of Idris,
while Alfred and Evelyn brought now a favourite rose tree, now a
marble vase beautifully carved, insisting that these must go, and
exclaiming on the pity that we could not take the castle and the
forest, the deer and the birds, and all accustomed and cherished
objects along with us.  "Fond and foolish ones," I said, "we have
lost for ever treasures far more precious than these; and we desert
them, to preserve treasures to which in comparison they are
nothing.  Let us not for a moment forget our object and our hope;
and they will form a resistless mound to stop the overflowing of
our regret for trifles."

The children were easily distracted, and again returned to their
prospect of future amusement.  Idris had disappeared.  She had gone
to hide her weakness; escaping from the castle, she had descended
to the little park, and sought solitude, that she might there
indulge her tears; I found her clinging round an old oak, pressing
its rough trunk with her roseate lips, as her tears fell
plenteously, and her sobs and broken exclamations could not be
suppressed; with surpassing grief I beheld this loved one of my
heart thus lost in sorrow!  I drew her towards me; and, as she felt
my kisses on her eyelids, as she felt my arms press her, she
revived to the knowledge of what remained to her.  "You are very
kind not to reproach me," she said:  "I weep, and a bitter pang of
intolerable sorrow tears my heart.  And yet I am happy; mothers
lament their children, wives lose their husbands, while you and my
children are left to me.  Yes, I am happy, most happy, that I can
weep thus for imaginary sorrows, and that the slight loss of my
adored country is not dwindled and annihilated in mightier misery.
Take me where you will; where you and my children are, there shall
be Windsor, and every country will be England to me.  Let these
tears flow not for myself, happy and ungrateful as I am, but for
the dead world--for our lost country--for all of love, and life,
and joy, now choked in the dusty chambers of death."

She spoke quickly, as if to convince herself; she turned her eyes
from the trees and forest-paths she loved; she hid her face in my
bosom, and we--yes, my masculine firmness dissolved--we wept
together consolatory tears, and then calm--nay, almost cheerful, we
returned to the castle.

The first cold weather of an English October, made us hasten our
preparations.  I persuaded Idris to go up to London, where she
might better attend to necessary arrangements.  I did not tell her,
that to spare her the pang of parting from inanimate objects, now
the only things left, I had resolved that we should none of us
return to Windsor.  For the last time we looked on the wide extent
of country visible from the terrace, and saw the last rays of the
sun tinge the dark masses of wood variegated by autumnal tints; the
uncultivated fields and smokeless cottages lay in shadow below; the
Thames wound through the wide plain, and the venerable pile of Eton
college, stood in dark relief, a prominent object; the cawing of
the myriad rooks which inhabited the trees of the little park, as
in column or thick wedge they speeded to their nests, disturbed the
silence of evening.  Nature was the same, as when she was the kind
mother of the human race; now, childless and forlorn, her fertility
was a mockery; her loveliness a mask for deformity.  Why should the
breeze gently stir the trees, man felt not its refreshment?  Why
did dark night adorn herself with stars--man saw them not?  Why are
there fruits, or flowers, or streams, man is not here to enjoy

Idris stood beside me, her dear hand locked in mine.  Her face was
radiant with a smile.--"The sun is alone," she said, "but we are
not.  A strange star, my Lionel, ruled our birth; sadly and with
dismay we may look upon the annihilation of man; but we remain for
each other.  Did I ever in the wide world seek other than thee?
And since in the wide world thou remainest, why should I complain?
Thou and nature are still true to me.  Beneath the shades of night,
and through the day, whose garish light displays our solitude, thou
wilt still be at my side, and even Windsor will not be regretted."

I had chosen night-time for our journey to London, that the change
and desolation of the country might be the less observable.  Our
only surviving servant drove us.  We past down the steep hill, and
entered the dusky avenue of the Long Walk.  At times like these,
minute circumstances assume giant and majestic proportions; the
very swinging open of the white gate that admitted us into the
forest, arrested my thoughts as matter of interest; it was an every
day act, never to occur again!  The setting crescent of the moon
glittered through the massy trees to our right, and when we entered
the park, we scared a troop of deer, that fled bounding away in the
forest shades.  Our two boys quietly slept; once, before our road
turned from the view, I looked back on the castle.  Its windows
glistened in the moonshine, and its heavy outline lay in a dark
mass against the sky--the trees near us waved a solemn dirge to the
midnight breeze.  Idris leaned back in the carriage; her two hands
pressed mine, her countenance was placid, she seemed to lose the
sense of what she now left, in the memory of what she still

My thoughts were sad and solemn, yet not of unmingled pain.  The
very excess of our misery carried a relief with it, giving
sublimity and elevation to sorrow.  I felt that I carried with me
those I best loved; I was pleased, after a long separation to
rejoin Adrian; never again to part.  I felt that I quitted what I
loved, not what loved me.  The castle walls, and long familiar
trees, did not hear the parting sound of our carriage-wheels with
regret.  And, while I felt Idris to be near, and heard the regular
breathing of my children, I could not be unhappy.  Clara was
greatly moved; with streaming eyes, suppressing her sobs, she
leaned from the window, watching the last glimpse of her native

Adrian welcomed us on our arrival.  He was all animation; you
could no longer trace in his look of health, the suffering
valetudinarian; from his smile and sprightly tones you could not
guess that he was about to lead forth from their native country,
the numbered remnant of the English nation, into the tenantless
realms of the south, there to die, one by one, till the LAST MAN
should remain in a voiceless, empty world.

Adrian was impatient for our departure, and had advanced far in his
preparations.  His wisdom guided all.  His care was the soul, to
move the luckless crowd, who relied wholly on him.  It was useless
to provide many things, for we should find abundant provision in
every town.  It was Adrian's wish to prevent all labour; to bestow
a festive appearance on this funeral train.  Our numbers amounted
to not quite two thousand persons.  These were not all assembled in
London, but each day witnessed the arrival of fresh numbers, and
those who resided in the neighbouring towns, had received orders to
assemble at one place, on the twentieth of November.  Carriages and
horses were provided for all; captains and under officers chosen,
and the whole assemblage wisely organized.  All obeyed the Lord
Protector of dying England; all looked up to him.  His council was
chosen, it consisted of about fifty persons.  Distinction and
station were not the qualifications of their election.  We had no
station among us, but that which benevolence and prudence gave; no
distinction save between the living and the dead.  Although we were
anxious to leave England before the depth of winter, yet we were
detained.  Small parties had been dispatched to various parts of
England, in search of stragglers; we would not go, until we had
assured ourselves that in all human probability we did not leave
behind a single human being.

On our arrival in London, we found that the aged Countess of
Windsor was residing with her son in the palace of the Protectorate;
we repaired to our accustomed abode near Hyde Park. Idris now for
the first time for many years saw her mother, anxious to assure
herself that the childishness of old age did not mingle with
unforgotten pride, to make this high-born dame still so inveterate
against me.  Age and care had furrowed her cheeks, and bent her
form; but her eye was still bright, her manners authoritative and
unchanged; she received her daughter coldly, but displayed more
feeling as she folded her grand-children in her arms.  It is our
nature to wish to continue our systems and thoughts to posterity
through our own offspring.  The Countess had failed in this design
with regard to her children; perhaps she hoped to find the next
remove in birth more tractable.  Once Idris named me casually--a
frown, a convulsive gesture of anger, shook her mother, and, with
voice trembling with hate, she said--"I am of little worth in this
world; the young are impatient to push the old off the scene; but,
Idris, if you do not wish to see your mother expire at your feet,
never again name that person to me; all else I can bear; and now I
am resigned to the destruction of my cherished hopes: but it is too
much to require that I should love the instrument that providence
gifted with murderous properties for my destruction."

This was a strange speech, now that, on the empty stage, each might
play his part without impediment from the other.  But the haughty
Ex-Queen thought as Octavius Caesar and Mark Antony,

       We could not stall together
     In the whole world.

The period of our departure was fixed for the twenty-fifth of
November.  The weather was temperate; soft rains fell at night, and
by day the wintry sun shone out.  Our numbers were to move forward
in separate parties, and to go by different routes, all to unite at
last at Paris.  Adrian and his division, consisting in all of five
hundred persons, were to take the direction of Dover and Calais.

On the twentieth of November, Adrian and I rode for the last time
through the streets of London.  They were grass-grown and deserted.
The open doors of the empty mansions creaked upon their hinges;
rank herbage, and deforming dirt, had swiftly accumulated on the
steps of the houses; the voiceless steeples of the churches pierced
the smokeless air; the churches were open, but no prayer was
offered at the altars; mildew and damp had already defaced their
ornaments; birds, and tame animals, now homeless, had built nests,
and made their lairs in consecrated spots.  We passed St. Paul's.
London, which had extended so far in suburbs in all direction, had
been somewhat deserted in the midst, and much of what had in former
days obscured this vast building was removed.  Its ponderous mass,
blackened stone, and high dome, made it look, not like a temple,
but a tomb.  Methought above the portico was engraved the Hic jacet
of England.  We passed on eastwards, engaged in such solemn talk as
the times inspired.  No human step was heard, nor human form
discerned.  Troops of dogs, deserted of their masters, passed us;
and now and then a horse, unbridled and unsaddled, trotted towards
us, and tried to attract the attention of those which we rode, as
if to allure them to seek like liberty.  An unwieldy ox, who had
fed in an abandoned granary, suddenly lowed, and showed his
shapeless form in a narrow doorway; every thing was desert; but
nothing was in ruin.  And this medley of undamaged buildings, and
luxurious accommodation, in trim and fresh youth, was contrasted
with the lonely silence of the unpeopled streets.

Night closed in, and it began to rain.  We were about to return
homewards, when a voice, a human voice, strange now to hear,
attracted our attention.  It was a child singing a merry, lightsome
air; there was no other sound.  We had traversed London from Hyde
Park even to where we now were in the Minories, and had met no
person, heard no voice nor footstep.  The singing was interrupted
by laughing and talking; never was merry ditty so sadly timed,
never laughter more akin to tears.  The door of the house from
which these sounds proceeded was open, the upper rooms were
illuminated as for a feast.  It was a large magnificent house, in
which doubtless some rich merchant had lived.  The singing again
commenced, and rang through the high-roofed rooms, while we
silently ascended the stair-case.  Lights now appeared to guide us;
and a long suite of splendid rooms illuminated, made us still more
wonder.  Their only inhabitant, a little girl, was dancing,
waltzing, and singing about them, followed by a large Newfoundland
dog, who boisterously jumping on her, and interrupting her, made
her now scold, now laugh, now throw herself on the carpet to play
with him.  She was dressed grotesquely, in glittering robes and
shawls fit for a woman; she appeared about ten years of age.  We
stood at the door looking on this strange scene, till the dog
perceiving us barked loudly; the child turned and saw us: her face,
losing its gaiety, assumed a sullen expression: she slunk back,
apparently meditating an escape.  I came up to her, and held her
hand; she did not resist, but with a stern brow, so strange in
childhood, so different from her former hilarity, she stood still,
her eyes fixed on the ground.  "What do you do here?" I said
gently; "Who are you?"--she was silent, but trembled violently.--
"My poor child," asked Adrian, "are you alone?"  There was a
winning softness in his voice, that went to the heart of the little
girl; she looked at him, then snatching her hand from me, threw
herself into his arms, clinging round his neck, ejaculating--"Save
me! save me!" while her unnatural sullenness dissolved in tears.

"I will save you," he replied, "of what are you afraid? you need
not fear my friend, he will do you no harm.  Are you alone?"

"No, Lion is with me."

"And your father and mother?--"

"I never had any; I am a charity girl.  Every body is gone, gone
for a great, great many days; but if they come back and find me
out, they will beat me so!"

Her unhappy story was told in these few words: an orphan, taken on
pretended charity, ill-treated and reviled, her oppressors had
died: unknowing of what had passed around her, she found herself
alone; she had not dared venture out, but by the continuance of her
solitude her courage revived, her childish vivacity caused her to
play a thousand freaks, and with her brute companion she passed a
long holiday, fearing nothing but the return of the harsh voices
and cruel usage of her protectors.  She readily consented to go
with Adrian.

In the mean-time, while we descanted on alien sorrows, and on a
solitude which struck our eyes and not our hearts, while we
imagined all of change and suffering that had intervened in these
once thronged streets, before, tenantless and abandoned, they
became mere kennels for dogs, and stables for cattle:--while we
read the death of the world upon the dark fane, and hugged
ourselves in the remembrance that we possessed that which was all
the world to us--in the meanwhile--

We had arrived from Windsor early in October, and had now been in
London about six weeks.  Day by day, during that time, the health
of my Idris declined: her heart was broken; neither sleep nor
appetite, the chosen servants of health, waited on her wasted form.
To watch her children hour by hour, to sit by me, drinking deep the
dear persuasion that I remained to her, was all her pastime.  Her
vivacity, so long assumed, her affectionate display of cheerfulness,
her light-hearted tone and springy gait were gone.  I could not
disguise to myself, nor could she conceal, her life-consuming
sorrow.  Still change of scene, and reviving hopes might restore
her; I feared the plague only, and she was untouched by that.

I had left her this evening, reposing after the fatigues of her
preparations.  Clara sat beside her, relating a story to the two
boys.  The eyes of Idris were closed: but Clara perceived a sudden
change in the appearance of our eldest darling; his heavy lids
veiled his eyes, an unnatural colour burnt in his cheeks, his
breath became short.  Clara looked at the mother; she slept, yet
started at the pause the narrator made--Fear of awakening and
alarming her, caused Clara to go on at the eager call of Evelyn,
who was unaware of what was passing.  Her eyes turned alternately
from Alfred to Idris; with trembling accents she continued her
tale, till she saw the child about to fall: starting forward she
caught him, and her cry roused Idris.  She looked on her son.  She
saw death stealing across his features; she laid him on a bed, she
held drink to his parched lips.

Yet he might be saved.  If I were there, he might be saved; perhaps
it was not the plague.  Without a counsellor, what could she do?
stay and behold him die!  Why at that moment was I away?  "Look to
him, Clara," she exclaimed, "I will return immediately."

She inquired among those who, selected as the companions of our
journey, had taken up their residence in our house; she heard from
them merely that I had gone out with Adrian.  She entreated them to
seek me: she returned to her child, he was plunged in a frightful
state of torpor; again she rushed down stairs; all was dark,
desert, and silent; she lost all self-possession; she ran into the
street; she called on my name.  The pattering rain and howling wind
alone replied to her.  Wild fear gave wings to her feet; she darted
forward to seek me, she knew not where; but, putting all her
thoughts, all her energy, all her being in speed only, most
misdirected speed, she neither felt, nor feared, nor paused, but
ran right on, till her strength suddenly deserted her so suddenly,
that she had not thought to save herself.  Her knees failed her,
and she fell heavily on the pavement.

She was stunned for a time; but at length rose, and though sorely
hurt, still walked on, shedding a fountain of tears, stumbling at
times, going she knew not whither, only now and then with feeble
voice she called my name, adding with heart-piercing exclamations,
that I was cruel and unkind.  Human being there was none to reply;
and the inclemency of the night had driven the wandering animals to
the habitations they had usurped.  Her thin dress was drenched with
rain; her wet hair clung round her neck; she tottered through the
dark streets; till, striking her foot against an unseen impediment,
she again fell; she could not rise; she hardly strove; but,
gathering up her limbs, she resigned herself to the fury of the
elements, and the bitter grief of her own heart.  She breathed an
earnest prayer to die speedily, for there was no relief but death.
While hopeless of safety for herself, she ceased to lament for her
dying child, but shed kindly, bitter tears for the grief I should
experience in losing her.

While she lay, life almost suspended, she felt a warm, soft hand on
her brow, and a gentle female voice asked her, with expressions of
tender compassion, if she could not rise?  That another human
being, sympathetic and kind, should exist near, roused her; half
rising, with clasped hands, and fresh springing tears, she
entreated her companion to seek for me, to bid me hasten to my
dying child, to save him, for the love of heaven, to save him!

The woman raised her; she led her under shelter, she entreated her
to return to her home, whither perhaps I had already returned.
Idris easily yielded to her persuasions, she leaned on the arm of
her friend, she endeavoured to walk on, but irresistible faintness
made her pause again and again.

Quickened by the increasing storm, we had hastened our return, our
little charge was placed before Adrian on his horse.  There was an
assemblage of persons under the portico of our house, in whose
gestures I instinctively read some heavy change, some new
misfortune.  With swift alarm, afraid to ask a single question, I
leapt from my horse; the spectators saw me, knew me, and in awful
silence divided to make way for me.  I snatched a light, and
rushing up stairs, and hearing a groan, without reflection I threw
open the door of the first room that presented itself.  It was
quite dark; but, as I stepped within, a pernicious scent assailed
my senses, producing sickening qualms, which made their way to my
very heart, while I felt my leg clasped, and a groan repeated by
the person that held me.  I lowered my lamp, and saw a negro half
clad, writhing under the agony of disease, while he held me with a
convulsive grasp.  With mixed horror and impatience I strove to
disengage myself, and fell on the sufferer; he wound his naked
festering arms round me, his face was close to mine, and his
breath, death-laden, entered my vitals.  For a moment I was
overcome, my head was bowed by aching nausea; till, reflection
returning, I sprung up, threw the wretch from me, and darting up
the staircase, entered the chamber usually inhabited by my family.
A dim light showed me Alfred on a couch; Clara trembling, and paler
than whitest snow, had raised him on her arm, holding a cup of
water to his lips.  I saw full well that no spark of life existed
in that ruined form, his features were rigid, his eyes glazed, his
head had fallen back.  I took him from her, I laid him softly down,
kissed his cold little mouth, and turned to speak in a vain
whisper, when loudest sound of thunderlike cannon could not have
reached him in his immaterial abode.

And where was Idris?  That she had gone out to seek me, and had not
returned, were fearful tidings, while the rain and driving wind
clattered against the window, and roared round the house.  Added to
this, the sickening sensation of disease gained upon me; no time
was to be lost, if ever I would see her again.  I mounted my horse
and rode out to seek her, fancying that I heard her voice in every
gust, oppressed by fever and aching pain.

I rode in the dark and rain through the labyrinthine streets of
unpeopled London.  My child lay dead at home; the seeds of mortal
disease had taken root in my bosom; I went to seek Idris, my
adored, now wandering alone, while the waters were rushing from
heaven like a cataract to bathe her dear head in chill damp, her
fair limbs in numbing cold.  A female stood on the step of a door,
and called to me as I galloped past.  It was not Idris; so I rode
swiftly on, until a kind of second sight, a reflection back again
on my senses of what I had seen but not marked, made me feel sure
that another figure, thin, graceful and tall, stood clinging to the
foremost person who supported her.  In a minute I was beside the
suppliant, in a minute I received the sinking Idris in my arms.
Lifting her up, I placed her on the horse; she had not strength to
support herself; so I mounted behind her, and held her close to my
bosom, wrapping my riding-cloak round her, while her companion,
whose well known, but changed countenance, (it was Juliet, daughter
of the Duke of L----) could at this moment of horror obtain from me
no more than a passing glance of compassion.  She took the
abandoned rein, and conducted our obedient steed homewards.  Dare I
avouch it?  That was the last moment of my happiness; but I was
happy.  Idris must die, for her heart was broken: I must die, for I
had caught the plague; earth was a scene of desolation; hope was
madness; life had married death; they were one; but, thus
supporting my fainting love, thus feeling that I must soon die, I
revelled in the delight of possessing her once more; again and
again I kissed her, and pressed her to my heart.

We arrived at our home.  I assisted her to dismount, I carried her
up stairs, and gave her into Clara's care, that her wet garments
might be changed.  Briefly I assured Adrian of her safety, and
requested that we might be left to repose.  As the miser, who with
trembling caution visits his treasure to count it again and again,
so I numbered each moment, and grudged every one that was not spent
with Idris.  I returned swiftly to the chamber where the life of my
life reposed; before I entered the room I paused for a few seconds;
for a few seconds I tried to examine my state; sickness and
shuddering ever and anon came over me; my head was heavy, my chest
oppressed, my legs bent under me; but I threw off resolutely the
swift growing symptoms of my disorder, and met Idris with placid
and even joyous looks.  She was lying on a couch; carefully
fastening the door to prevent all intrusion; I sat by her, we
embraced, and our lips met in a kiss long drawn and breathless--
would that moment had been my last!

Maternal feeling now awoke in my poor girl's bosom, and she asked:
"And Alfred?"

"Idris," I replied, "we are spared to each other, we are together;
do not let any other idea intrude.  I am happy; even on this fatal
night, I declare myself happy, beyond all name, all thought--what
would you more, sweet one?"

Idris understood me: she bowed her head on my shoulder and wept.
"Why," she again asked, "do you tremble, Lionel, what shakes you

"Well may I be shaken," I replied, "happy as I am.  Our child is
dead, and the present hour is dark and ominous.  Well may I
tremble! but, I am happy, mine own Idris, most happy."

"I understand thee, my kind love," said Idris, "thus--pale as thou
art with sorrow at our loss; trembling and aghast, though wouldest
assuage my grief by thy dear assurances.  I am not happy," (and the
tears flashed and fell from under her down-cast lids), "for we are
inmates of a miserable prison, and there is no joy for us; but the
true love I bear you will render this and every other loss

"We have been happy together, at least," I said; "no future misery
can deprive us of the past.  We have been true to each other for
years, ever since my sweet princess-love came through the snow to
the lowly cottage of the poverty-stricken heir of the ruined
Verney.  Even now, that eternity is before us, we take hope only
from the presence of each other.  Idris, do you think, that when we
die, we shall be divided?"

"Die! when we die! what mean you?  What secret lies hid from me in
those dreadful words?"

"Must we not all die, dearest?" I asked with a sad smile.

"Gracious God! are you ill, Lionel, that you speak of death?  My
only friend, heart of my heart, speak!"

"I do not think," replied I, "that we have any of us long to live;
and when the curtain drops on this mortal scene, where, think you,
we shall find ourselves?"

Idris was calmed by my unembarrassed tone and look; she answered:--
"You may easily believe that during this long progress of the
plague, I have thought much on death, and asked myself, now that
all mankind is dead to this life, to what other life they may have
been borne.  Hour after hour, I have dwelt on these thoughts, and
strove to form a rational conclusion concerning the mystery of a
future state.  What a scare-crow, indeed, would death be, if we
were merely to cast aside the shadow in which we now walk, and,
stepping forth into the unclouded sunshine of knowledge and love,
revived with the same companions, the same affections, and reached
the fulfilment of our hopes, leaving our fears with our earthly
vesture in the grave.  Alas! the same strong feeling which makes me
sure that I shall not wholly die, makes me refuse to believe that I
shall live wholly as I do now.  Yet, Lionel, never, never, can I
love any but you; through eternity I must desire your society; and,
as I am innocent of harm to others, and as relying and confident as
my mortal nature permits, I trust that the Ruler of the world will
never tear us asunder."

"Your remarks are like yourself, dear love," replied I, "gentle and
good; let us cherish such a belief, and dismiss anxiety from our
minds.  But, sweet, we are so formed, (and there is no sin, if God
made our nature, to yield to what he ordains), we are so formed,
that we must love life, and cling to it; we must love the living
smile, the sympathetic touch, and thrilling voice, peculiar to our
mortal mechanism.  Let us not, through security in hereafter,
neglect the present.  This present moment, short as it is, is a
part of eternity, and the dearest part, since it is our own
unalienably.  Thou, the hope of my futurity, art my present joy.
Let me then look on thy dear eyes, and, reading love in them, drink
intoxicating pleasure."

Timidly, for my vehemence somewhat terrified her, Idris looked on
me.  My eyes were bloodshot, starting from my head; every artery
beat, methought, audibly, every muscle throbbed, each single nerve
felt.  Her look of wild affright told me, that I could no longer
keep my secret:--"So it is, mine own beloved," I said, "the last
hour of many happy ones is arrived, nor can we shun any longer the
inevitable destiny.  I cannot live long--but, again and again, I
say, this moment is ours!"

Paler than marble, with white lips and convulsed features, Idris
became aware of my situation.  My arm, as I sat, encircled her
waist.  She felt the palm burn with fever, even on the heart it
pressed:--"One moment," she murmured, scarce audibly, "only one

She kneeled, and hiding her face in her hands, uttered a brief, but
earnest prayer, that she might fulfil her duty, and watch over me
to the last.  While there was hope, the agony had been unendurable;--
all was now concluded; her feelings became solemn and calm.  Even
as Epicharis, unperturbed and firm, submitted to the instruments of
torture, did Idris, suppressing every sigh and sign of grief, enter
upon the endurance of torments, of which the rack and the wheel are
but faint and metaphysical symbols.

I was changed; the tight-drawn cord that sounded so harshly was
loosened, the moment that Idris participated in my knowledge of our
real situation.  The perturbed and passion-tossed waves of thought
subsided, leaving only the heavy swell that kept right on without
any outward manifestation of its disturbance, till it should break
on the remote shore towards which I rapidly advanced:--"It is true
that I am sick," I said, "and your society, my Idris is my only
medicine; come, and sit beside me."

She made me lie down on the couch, and, drawing a low ottoman near,
sat close to my pillow, pressing my burning hands in her cold
palms.  She yielded to my feverish restlessness, and let me talk,
and talked to me, on subjects strange indeed to beings, who thus
looked the last, and heard the last, of what they loved alone in
the world.  We talked of times gone by; of the happy period of our
early love; of Raymond, Perdita, and Evadne.  We talked of what
might arise on this desert earth, if, two or three being saved, it
were slowly re-peopled.--We talked of what was beyond the tomb;
and, man in his human shape being nearly extinct, we felt with
certainty of faith, that other spirits, other minds, other
perceptive beings, sightless to us, must people with thought and
love this beauteous and imperishable universe.

We talked--I know not how long--but, in the morning I awoke from a
painful heavy slumber; the pale cheek of Idris rested on my pillow;
the large orbs of her eyes half raised the lids, and showed the
deep blue lights beneath; her lips were unclosed, and the slight
murmurs they formed told that, even while asleep, she suffered.
"If she were dead," I thought, "what difference? now that form is
the temple of a residing deity; those eyes are the windows of her
soul; all grace, love, and intelligence are throned on that lovely
bosom--were she dead, where would this mind, the dearer half of
mine, be?  For quickly the fair proportion of this edifice would be
more defaced, than are the sand-choked ruins of the desert temples
of Palmyra."


Idris stirred and awoke; alas! she awoke to misery.  She saw the
signs of disease on my countenance, and wondered how she could
permit the long night to pass without her having sought, not cure,
that was impossible, but alleviation to my sufferings.  She called
Adrian; my couch was quickly surrounded by friends and assistants,
and such medicines as were judged fitting were administered.  It
was the peculiar and dreadful distinction of our visitation, that
none who had been attacked by the pestilence had recovered.  The
first symptom of the disease was the death-warrant, which in no
single instance had been followed by pardon or reprieve.  No gleam
of hope therefore cheered my friends.

While fever producing torpor, heavy pains, sitting like lead on my
limbs, and making my breast heave, were upon me; I continued
insensible to every thing but pain, and at last even to that.
I awoke on the fourth morning as from a dreamless sleep.  An
irritating sense of thirst, and, when I strove to speak or move,
an entire dereliction of power, was all I felt.

For three days and nights Idris had not moved from my side.  She
administered to all my wants, and never slept nor rested.  She did
not hope; and therefore she neither endeavoured to read the
physician's countenance, nor to watch for symptoms of recovery.
All her thought was to attend on me to the last, and then to lie
down and die beside me.  On the third night animation was
suspended; to the eye and touch of all I was dead.  With earnest
prayer, almost with force, Adrian tried to draw Idris from me.  He
exhausted every adjuration, her child's welfare and his own.  She
shook her head, and wiped a stealing tear from her sunk cheek, but
would not yield; she entreated to be allowed to watch me that one
night only, with such affliction and meek earnestness, that she
gained her point, and sat silent and motionless, except when, stung
by intolerable remembrance, she kissed my closed eyes and pallid
lips, and pressed my stiffening hands to her beating heart.

At dead of night, when, though it was mid winter, the cock crowed
at three o'clock, as herald of the morning change, while hanging
over me, and mourning in silent, bitter thought for the loss of all
of love towards her that had been enshrined in my heart; her
dishevelled hair hung over her face, and the long tresses fell on
the bed; she saw one ringlet in motion, and the scattered hair
slightly stirred, as by a breath.  It is not so, she thought, for
he will never breathe more.  Several times the same thing occurred,
and she only marked it by the same reflection; till the whole
ringlet waved back, and she thought she saw my breast heave.  Her
first emotion was deadly fear, cold dew stood on her brow; my eyes
half opened; and, reassured, she would have exclaimed, "He lives!"
but the words were choked by a spasm, and she fell with a groan on
the floor.

Adrian was in the chamber.  After long watching, he had unwillingly
fallen into a sleep.  He started up, and beheld his sister
senseless on the earth, weltering in a stream of blood that gushed
from her mouth.  Increasing signs of life in me in some degree
explained her state; the surprise, the burst of joy, the revulsion
of every sentiment, had been too much for her frame, worn by long
months of care, late shattered by every species of woe and toil.
She was now in far greater danger than I, the wheels and springs of
my life, once again set in motion, acquired elasticity from their
short suspension.  For a long time, no one believed that I should
indeed continue to live; during the reign of the plague upon earth,
not one person, attacked by the grim disease, had recovered.  My
restoration was looked on as a deception; every moment it was
expected that the evil symptoms would recur with redoubled
violence, until confirmed convalescence, absence of all fever or
pain, and increasing strength, brought slow conviction that I had
recovered from the plague.

The restoration of Idris was more problematical.  When I had been
attacked by illness, her cheeks were sunk, her form emaciated; but
now, the vessel, which had broken from the effects of extreme
agitation, did not entirely heal, but was as a channel that drop by
drop drew from her the ruddy stream that vivified her heart.  Her
hollow eyes and worn countenance had a ghastly appearance; her
cheek-bones, her open fair brow, the projection of the mouth, stood
fearfully prominent; you might tell each bone in the thin anatomy
of her frame.  Her hand hung powerless; each joint lay bare, so
that the light penetrated through and through.  It was strange that
life could exist in what was wasted and worn into a very type of

To take her from these heart-breaking scenes, to lead her to forget
the world's desolation in the variety of objects presented by
travelling, and to nurse her failing strength in the mild climate
towards which we had resolved to journey, was my last hope for her
preservation.  The preparations for our departure, which had been
suspended during my illness, were renewed.  I did not revive to
doubtful convalescence; health spent her treasures upon me; as the
tree in spring may feel from its wrinkled limbs the fresh green
break forth, and the living sap rise and circulate, so did the
renewed vigour of my frame, the cheerful current of my blood, the
new-born elasticity of my limbs, influence my mind to cheerful
endurance and pleasurable thoughts.  My body, late the heavy weight
that bound me to the tomb, was exuberant with health; mere common
exercises were insufficient for my reviving strength; methought I
could emulate the speed of the race-horse, discern through the air
objects at a blinding distance, hear the operations of nature in
her mute abodes; my senses had become so refined and susceptible
after my recovery from mortal disease.

Hope, among my other blessings, was not denied to me; and I did
fondly trust that my unwearied attentions would restore my adored
girl.  I was therefore eager to forward our preparations.
According to the plan first laid down, we were to have quitted
London on the twenty-fifth of November; and, in pursuance of this
scheme, two-thirds of our people--THE people--all that remained of
England, had gone forward, and had already been some weeks in
Paris.  First my illness, and subsequently that of Idris, had
detained Adrian with his division, which consisted of three hundred
persons, so that we now departed on the first of January, 2098.  It
was my wish to keep Idris as distant as possible from the hurry and
clamour of the crowd, and to hide from her those appearances that
would remind her most forcibly of our real situation.  We separated
ourselves to a great degree from Adrian, who was obliged to give
his whole time to public business.  The Countess of Windsor
travelled with her son.  Clara, Evelyn, and a female who acted as
our attendant, were the only persons with whom we had contact.  We
occupied a commodious carriage, our servant officiated as coachman.
A party of about twenty persons preceded us at a small distance.
They had it in charge to prepare our halting places and our nightly
abode.  They had been selected for this service out of a great
number that offered, on account of the superior sagacity of the man
who had been appointed their leader.

Immediately on our departure, I was delighted to find a change in
Idris, which I fondly hoped prognosticated the happiest results.
All the cheerfulness and gentle gaiety natural to her revived.  She
was weak, and this alteration was rather displayed in looks and
voice than in acts; but it was permanent and real.  My recovery
from the plague and confirmed health instilled into her a firm
belief that I was now secure from this dread enemy.  She told me
that she was sure she should recover.  That she had a presentiment,
that the tide of calamity which deluged our unhappy race had now
turned.  That the remnant would be preserved, and among them the
dear objects of her tender affection; and that in some selected
spot we should wear out our lives together in pleasant society.
"Do not let my state of feebleness deceive you," she said; "I feel
that I am better; there is a quick life within me, and a spirit of
anticipation that assures me, that I shall continue long to make a
part of this world.  I shall throw off this degrading weakness of
body, which infects even my mind with debility, and I shall enter
again on the performance of my duties.  I was sorry to leave
Windsor: but now I am weaned from this local attachment; I am
content to remove to a mild climate, which will complete my
recovery.  Trust me, dearest, I shall neither leave you, nor my
brother, nor these dear children; my firm determination to remain
with you to the last, and to continue to contribute to your
happiness and welfare, would keep me alive, even if grim death were
nearer at hand than he really is."

I was only half re-assured by these expressions; I could not
believe that the over-quick flow of her blood was a sign of health,
or that her burning cheeks denoted convalescence.  But I had no
fears of an immediate catastrophe; nay, I persuaded myself that she
would ultimately recover.  And thus cheerfulness reigned in our
little society.  Idris conversed with animation on a thousand
topics.  Her chief desire was to lead our thoughts from melancholy
reflections; so she drew charming pictures of a tranquil solitude,
of a beauteous retreat, of the simple manners of our little tribe,
and of the patriarchal brotherhood of love, which would survive the
ruins of the populous nations which had lately existed.  We shut
out from our thoughts the present, and withdrew our eyes from the
dreary landscape we traversed.  Winter reigned in all its gloom.
The leafless trees lay without motion against the dun sky; the
forms of frost, mimicking the foliage of summer, strewed the
ground; the paths were overgrown; the unploughed cornfields were
patched with grass and weeds; the sheep congregated at the
threshold of the cottage, the horned ox thrust his head from the
window.  The wind was bleak, and frequent sleet or snow-storms,
added to the melancholy appearance wintry nature assumed.

We arrived at Rochester, and an accident caused us to be detained
there a day.  During that time, a circumstance occurred that
changed our plans, and which, alas! in its result changed the
eternal course of events, turning me from the pleasant new sprung
hope I enjoyed, to an obscure and gloomy desert.  But I must give
some little explanation before I proceed with the final cause of
our temporary alteration of plan, and refer again to those times
when man walked the earth fearless, before Plague had become Queen
of the World.

There resided a family in the neighbourhood of Windsor, of very
humble pretensions, but which had been an object of interest to us
on account of one of the persons of whom it was composed.  The
family of the Claytons had known better days; but, after a series
of reverses, the father died a bankrupt, and the mother
heartbroken, and a confirmed invalid, retired with her five
children to a little cottage between Eton and Salt Hill.  The
eldest of these children, who was thirteen years old, seemed at
once from the influence of adversity, to acquire the sagacity and
principle belonging to a more mature age.  Her mother grew worse
and worse in health, but Lucy attended on her, and was as a tender
parent to her younger brothers and sisters, and in the meantime
showed herself so good-humoured, social, and benevolent, that she
was beloved as well as honoured, in her little neighbourhood.

Lucy was besides extremely pretty; so when she grew to be sixteen,
it was to be supposed, notwithstanding her poverty, that she should
have admirers.  One of these was the son of a country-curate; he
was a generous, frank-hearted youth, with an ardent love of
knowledge, and no mean acquirements.  Though Lucy was untaught, her
mother's conversation and manners gave her a taste for refinements
superior to her present situation.  She loved the youth even
without knowing it, except that in any difficulty she naturally
turned to him for aid, and awoke with a lighter heart every Sunday,
because she knew that she would be met and accompanied by him in
her evening walk with her sisters.  She had another admirer, one of
the head-waiters at the inn at Salt Hill.  He also was not without
pretensions to urbane superiority, such as he learnt from
gentlemen's servants and waiting-maids, who initiating him in all
the slang of high life below stairs, rendered his arrogant temper
ten times more intrusive.  Lucy did not disclaim him--she was
incapable of that feeling; but she was sorry when she saw him
approach, and quietly resisted all his endeavours to establish an
intimacy.  The fellow soon discovered that his rival was preferred
to him; and this changed what was at first a chance admiration into
a passion, whose main springs were envy, and a base desire to
deprive his competitor of the advantage he enjoyed over himself.

Poor Lucy's sad story was but a common one.  Her lover's father
died; and he was left destitute.  He accepted the offer of a
gentleman to go to India with him, feeling secure that he should
soon acquire an independence, and return to claim the hand of his
beloved.  He became involved in the war carried on there, was taken
prisoner, and years elapsed before tidings of his existence were
received in his native land.  In the meantime disastrous poverty
came on Lucy.  Her little cottage, which stood looking from its
trellis, covered with woodbine and jessamine, was burnt down; and
the whole of their little property was included in the destruction.
Whither betake them?  By what exertion of industry could Lucy
procure them another abode?  Her mother nearly bed-rid, could not
survive any extreme of famine-struck poverty.  At this time her
other admirer stepped forward, and renewed his offer of marriage.
He had saved money, and was going to set up a little inn at
Datchet.  There was nothing alluring to Lucy in this offer, except
the home it secured to her mother; and she felt more sure of this,
since she was struck by the apparent generosity which occasioned
the present offer.  She accepted it; thus sacrificing herself for
the comfort and welfare of her parent.

It was some years after her marriage that we became acquainted with
her.  The accident of a storm caused us to take refuge in the inn,
where we witnessed the brutal and quarrelsome behaviour of her
husband, and her patient endurance.  Her lot was not a fortunate
one.  Her first lover had returned with the hope of making her his
own, and met her by accident, for the first time, as the mistress
of his country inn, and the wife of another.  He withdrew
despairingly to foreign parts; nothing went well with him; at last
he enlisted, and came back again wounded and sick, and yet Lucy was
debarred from nursing him.  Her husband's brutal disposition was
aggravated by his yielding to the many temptations held out by his
situation, and the consequent disarrangement of his affairs.
Fortunately she had no children; but her heart was bound up in her
brothers and sisters, and these his avarice and ill temper soon
drove from the house; they were dispersed about the country,
earning their livelihood with toil and care.  He even showed an
inclination to get rid of her mother--but Lucy was firm here--she
had sacrificed herself for her; she lived for her--she would not
part with her--if the mother went, she would also go beg bread for
her, die with her, but never desert her.  The presence of Lucy was
too necessary in keeping up the order of the house, and in
preventing the whole establishment from going to wreck, for him to
permit her to leave him.  He yielded the point; but in all accesses
of anger, or in his drunken fits, he recurred to the old topic, and
stung poor Lucy's heart by opprobrious epithets bestowed on her

A passion however, if it be wholly pure, entire, and reciprocal,
brings with it its own solace.  Lucy was truly, and from the depth
of heart, devoted to her mother; the sole end she proposed to
herself in life, was the comfort and preservation of this parent.
Though she grieved for the result, yet she did not repent of her
marriage, even when her lover returned to bestow competence on her.
Three years had intervened, and how, in their penniless state,
could her mother have existed during this time?  This excellent
woman was worthy of her child's devotion.  A perfect confidence and
friendship existed between them; besides, she was by no means
illiterate; and Lucy, whose mind had been in some degree cultivated
by her former lover, now found in her the only person who could
understand and appreciate her.  Thus, though suffering, she was by
no means desolate, and when, during fine summer days, she led her
mother into the flowery and shady lanes near their abode, a gleam
of unmixed joy enlightened her countenance; she saw that her parent
was happy, and she knew that this happiness was of her sole

Meanwhile her husband's affairs grew more and more involved; ruin
was near at hand, and she was about to lose the fruit of all her
labours, when pestilence came to change the aspect of the world.
Her husband reaped benefit from the universal misery; but, as the
disaster increased, the spirit of lawlessness seized him; he
deserted his home to revel in the luxuries promised him in London,
and found there a grave.  Her former lover had been one of the
first victims of the disease.  But Lucy continued to live for and
in her mother.  Her courage only failed when she dreaded peril for
her parent, or feared that death might prevent her from performing
those duties to which she was unalterably devoted.

When we had quitted Windsor for London, as the previous step to our
final emigration, we visited Lucy, and arranged with her the plan
of her own and her mother's removal.  Lucy was sorry at the
necessity which forced her to quit her native lanes and village,
and to drag an infirm parent from her comforts at home, to the
homeless waste of depopulate earth; but she was too well
disciplined by adversity, and of too sweet a temper, to indulge in
repinings at what was inevitable.

Subsequent circumstances, my illness and that of Idris, drove her
from our remembrance; and we called her to mind at last, only to
conclude that she made one of the few who came from Windsor to join
the emigrants, and that she was already in Paris.  When we arrived
at Rochester therefore, we were surprised to receive, by a man just
come from Slough, a letter from this exemplary sufferer.  His
account was, that, journeying from his home, and passing through
Datchet, he was surprised to see smoke issue from the chimney of
the inn, and supposing that he should find comrades for his journey
assembled there, he knocked and was admitted.  There was no one in
the house but Lucy, and her mother; the latter had been deprived of
the use of her limbs by an attack of rheumatism, and so, one by
one, all the remaining inhabitants of the country set forward,
leaving them alone.  Lucy entreated the man to stay with her; in a
week or two her mother would be better, and they would then set
out; but they must perish, if they were left thus helpless and
forlorn.  The man said, that his wife and children were already
among the emigrants, and it was therefore, according to his notion,
impossible for him to remain.  Lucy, as a last resource, gave him a
letter for Idris, to be delivered to her wherever he should meet
us.  This commission at least he fulfilled, and Idris received with
emotion the following letter:--


"I am sure that you will remember and pity me, and I dare hope that
you will assist me; what other hope have I?  Pardon my manner of
writing, I am so bewildered.  A month ago my dear mother was
deprived of the use of her limbs.  She is already better, and in
another month would I am sure be able to travel, in the way you
were so kind as to say you would arrange for us.  But now everybody
is gone--everybody--as they went away, each said, that perhaps my
mother would be better, before we were quite deserted.  But three
days ago I went to Samuel Woods, who, on account of his new-born
child, remained to the last; and there being a large family of
them, I thought I could persuade them to wait a little longer for
us; but I found the house deserted.  I have not seen a soul since,
till this good man came.--What will become of us?  My mother does
not know our state; she is so ill, that I have hidden it from her.

"Will you not send some one to us?  I am sure we must perish
miserably as we are.  If I were to try to move my mother now, she
would die on the road; and if, when she gets better, I were able, I
cannot guess how, to find out the roads, and get on so many many
miles to the sea, you would all be in France, and the great ocean
would be between us, which is so terrible even to sailors.  What
would it be to me, a woman, who never saw it?  We should be
imprisoned by it in this country, all, all alone, with no help;
better die where we are.  I can hardly write--I cannot stop my
tears--it is not for myself; I could put my trust in God; and let
the worst come, I think I could bear it, if I were alone.  But my
mother, my sick, my dear, dear mother, who never, since I was born,
spoke a harsh word to me, who has been patient in many sufferings;
pity her, dear Lady, she must die a miserable death if you do not
pity her.  People speak carelessly of her, because she is old and
infirm, as if we must not all, if we are spared, become so; and
then, when the young are old themselves, they will think that they
ought to be taken care of.  It is very silly of me to write in this
way to you; but, when I hear her trying not to groan, and see her
look smiling on me to comfort me, when I know she is in pain; and
when I think that she does not know the worst, but she soon must;
and then she will not complain; but I shall sit guessing at all
that she is dwelling upon, of famine and misery--I feel as if my
heart must break, and I do not know what I say or do; my mother--
mother for whom I have borne much, God preserve you from this fate!
Preserve her, Lady, and He will bless you; and I, poor miserable
creature as I am, will thank you and pray for you while I live.

"Your unhappy and dutiful servant,


"Dec. 30th, 2097."

This letter deeply affected Idris, and she instantly proposed, that
we should return to Datchet, to assist Lucy and her mother.  I said
that I would without delay set out for that place, but entreated
her to join her brother, and there await my return with the
children.  But Idris was in high spirits, and full of hope.  She
declared that she could not consent even to a temporary separation
from me, but that there was no need of this, the motion of the
carriage did her good, and the distance was too trifling to be
considered.  We could dispatch messengers to Adrian, to inform him
of our deviation from the original plan.  She spoke with vivacity,
and drew a picture after her own dear heart, of the pleasure we
should bestow upon Lucy, and declared, if I went, she must
accompany me, and that she should very much dislike to entrust the
charge of rescuing them to others, who might fulfil it with
coldness or inhumanity.  Lucy's life had been one act of devotion
and virtue; let her now reap the small reward of finding her
excellence appreciated, and her necessity assisted, by those whom
she respected and honoured.

These, and many other arguments, were urged with gentle
pertinacity, and the ardour of a wish to do all the good in her
power, by her whose simple expression of a desire and slightest
request had ever been a law with me.  I, of course, consented, the
moment that I saw that she had set her heart upon this step.  We
sent half our attendant troop on to Adrian; and with the other half
our carriage took a retrograde course back to Windsor.

I wonder now how I could be so blind and senseless, as thus to risk
the safety of Idris; for, if I had eyes, surely I could see the
sure, though deceitful, advance of death in her burning cheek and
increasing weakness.  But she said she was better; and I believed
her.  Extinction could not be near a being, whose vivacity and
intelligence hourly increased, and whose frame was endowed with an
intense, and I fondly thought, a strong and permanent spirit of
life.  Who, after a great disaster, has not looked back with wonder
at his inconceivable obtuseness of understanding, that could not
perceive the many minute threads with which fate weaves the
inextricable net of our destinies, until he is enmeshed completely
in it?

The cross roads which we now entered upon, were even in a worse
state than the long neglected high-ways; and the inconvenience
seemed to menace the perishing frame of Idris with destruction.
Passing through Dartford, we arrived at Hampton on the second day.
Even in this short interval my beloved companion grew sensibly
worse in health, though her spirits were still light, and she
cheered my growing anxiety with gay sallies; sometimes the thought
pierced my brain--Is she dying?--as I saw her fair fleshless hand
rest on mine, or observed the feebleness with which she performed
the accustomed acts of life.  I drove away the idea, as if it had
been suggested by insanity; but it occurred again and again, only
to be dispelled by the continued liveliness of her manner.

About mid-day, after quitting Hampton, our carriage broke down: the
shock caused Idris to faint, but on her reviving no other ill
consequence ensued; our party of attendants had as usual gone on
before us, and our coachman went in search of another vehicle, our
former one being rendered by this accident unfit for service.  The
only place near us was a poor village, in which he found a kind of
caravan, able to hold four people, but it was clumsy and ill hung;
besides this he found a very excellent cabriolet: our plan was soon
arranged; I would drive Idris in the latter; while the children
were conveyed by the servant in the former.  But these arrangements
cost time; we had agreed to proceed that night to Windsor, and
thither our purveyors had gone: we should find considerable
difficulty in getting accommodation, before we reached this place;
after all, the distance was only ten miles; my horse was a good
one; I would go forward at a good pace with Idris, leaving the
children to follow at a rate more consonant to the uses of their
cumbrous machine.

Evening closed in quickly, far more quickly than I was prepared to
expect.  At the going down of the sun it began to snow heavily.  I
attempted in vain to defend my beloved companion from the storm;
the wind drove the snow in our faces; and it lay so high on the
ground, that we made but small way; while the night was so dark,
that but for the white covering on the ground we should not have
been able to see a yard before us.  We had left our accompanying
caravan far behind us; and now I perceived that the storm had made
me unconsciously deviate from my intended route.  I had gone some
miles out of my way.  My knowledge of the country enabled me to
regain the right road; but, instead of going, as at first agreed
upon, by a cross road through Stanwell to Datchet, I was obliged to
take the way of Egham and Bishopgate.  It was certain therefore
that I should not be rejoined by the other vehicle, that I should
not meet a single fellow-creature till we arrived at Windsor.

The back of our carriage was drawn up, and I hung a pelisse before
it, thus to curtain the beloved sufferer from the pelting sleet.
She leaned on my shoulder, growing every moment more languid and
feeble; at first she replied to my words of cheer with affectionate
thanks; but by degrees she sunk into silence; her head lay heavily
upon me; I only knew that she lived by her irregular breathing and
frequent sighs.  For a moment I resolved to stop, and, opposing the
back of the cabriolet to the force of the tempest, to expect
morning as well as I might.  But the wind was bleak and piercing,
while the occasional shudderings of my poor Idris, and the intense
cold I felt myself, demonstrated that this would be a dangerous
experiment.  At length methought she slept--fatal sleep, induced by
frost: at this moment I saw the heavy outline of a cottage traced
on the dark horizon close to us:  "Dearest love," I said, "support
yourself but one moment, and we shall have shelter; let us stop
here, that I may open the door of this blessed dwelling."

As I spoke, my heart was transported, and my senses swam with
excessive delight and thankfulness; I placed the head of Idris
against the carriage, and, leaping out, scrambled through the snow
to the cottage, whose door was open.  I had apparatus about me for
procuring light, and that showed me a comfortable room, with a pile
of wood in one corner, and no appearance of disorder, except that,
the door having been left partly open, the snow, drifting in, had
blocked up the threshold.  I returned to the carriage, and the
sudden change from light to darkness at first blinded me.  When I
recovered my sight--eternal God of this lawless world!  O supreme
Death!  I will not disturb thy silent reign, or mar my tale with
fruitless exclamations of horror--I saw Idris, who had fallen from
the seat to the bottom of the carriage; her head, its long hair
pendent, with one arm, hung over the side.--Struck by a spasm of
horror, I lifted her up; her heart was pulseless, her faded lips
unfanned by the slightest breath.

I carried her into the cottage; I placed her on the bed.  Lighting
a fire, I chafed her stiffening limbs; for two long hours I sought
to restore departed life; and, when hope was as dead as my beloved,
I closed with trembling hands her glazed eyes.  I did not doubt
what I should now do.  In the confusion attendant on my illness,
the task of interring our darling Alfred had devolved on his
grandmother, the Ex-Queen, and she, true to her ruling passion, had
caused him to be carried to Windsor, and buried in the family
vault, in St. George's Chapel.  I must proceed to Windsor, to calm
the anxiety of Clara, who would wait anxiously for us--yet I would
fain spare her the heart-breaking spectacle of Idris, brought in by
me lifeless from the journey.  So first I would place my beloved
beside her child in the vault, and then seek the poor children who
would be expecting me.

I lighted the lamps of my carriage; I wrapt her in furs, and placed
her along the seat; then taking the reins, made the horses go
forward.  We proceeded through the snow, which lay in masses
impeding the way, while the descending flakes, driving against me
with redoubled fury, blinded me.  The pain occasioned by the angry
elements, and the cold iron of the shafts of frost which buffeted
me, and entered my aching flesh, were a relief to me; blunting my
mental suffering.  The horses staggered on, and the reins hung
loosely in my hands.  I often thought I would lay my head close to
the sweet, cold face of my lost angel, and thus resign myself to
conquering torpor.  Yet I must not leave her a prey to the fowls of
the air; but, in pursuance of my determination place her in the
tomb of her forefathers, where a merciful God might permit me to
rest also.

The road we passed through Egham was familiar to me; but the wind
and snow caused the horses to drag their load slowly and heavily.
Suddenly the wind veered from south-west to west, and then again to
north-west.  As Sampson with tug and strain stirred from their
bases the columns that supported the Philistine temple, so did the
gale shake the dense vapours propped on the horizon, while the
massy dome of clouds fell to the south, disclosing through the
scattered web the clear empyrean, and the little stars, which were
set at an immeasurable distance in the crystalline fields, showered
their small rays on the glittering snow.  Even the horses were
cheered, and moved on with renovated strength.  We entered the
forest at Bishopgate, and at the end of the Long Walk I saw the
Castle, "the proud Keep of Windsor, rising in the majesty of
proportion, girt with the double belt of its kindred and coeval
towers."  I looked with reverence on a structure, ancient almost as
the rock on which it stood, abode of kings, theme of admiration for
the wise.  With greater reverence and, tearful affection I beheld
it as the asylum of the long lease of love I had enjoyed there with
the perishable, unmatchable treasure of dust, which now lay cold
beside me.  Now indeed, I could have yielded to all the softness of
my nature, and wept; and, womanlike, have uttered bitter plaints;
while the familiar trees, the herds of living deer, the sward oft
pressed by her fairy-feet, one by one with sad association
presented themselves.  The white gate at the end of the Long Walk
was wide open, and I rode up the empty town through the first gate
of the feudal tower; and now St. George's Chapel, with its
blackened fretted sides, was right before me.  I halted at its
door, which was open; I entered, and placed my lighted lamp on the
altar; then I returned, and with tender caution I bore Idris up the
aisle into the chancel, and laid her softly down on the carpet
which covered the step leading to the communion table.  The banners
of the knights of the garter, and their half drawn swords, were
hung in vain emblazonry above the stalls.  The banner of her family
hung there, still surmounted by its regal crown.  Farewell to the
glory and heraldry of England!--I turned from such vanity with a
slight feeling of wonder, at how mankind could have ever been
interested in such things.  I bent over the lifeless corpse of my
beloved; and, while looking on her uncovered face, the features
already contracted by the rigidity of death, I felt as if all the
visible universe had grown as soulless, inane, and comfortless as
the clay-cold image beneath me.  I felt for a moment the
intolerable sense of struggle with, and detestation for, the laws
which govern the world; till the calm still visible on the face of
my dead love recalled me to a more soothing tone of mind, and I
proceeded to fulfil the last office that could now be paid her.
For her I could not lament, so much I envied her enjoyment of "the
sad immunities of the grave."

The vault had been lately opened to place our Alfred therein.  The
ceremony customary in these latter days had been cursorily
performed, and the pavement of the chapel, which was its entrance,
having been removed, had not been replaced.  I descended the steps,
and walked through the long passage to the large vault which
contained the kindred dust of my Idris.  I distinguished the small
coffin of my babe.  With hasty, trembling hands I constructed a
bier beside it, spreading it with the furs and Indian shawls, which
had wrapt Idris in her journey thither.  I lighted the glimmering
lamp, which flickered in this damp abode of the dead; then I bore
my lost one to her last bed, decently composing her limbs, and
covering them with a mantle, veiling all except her face, which
remained lovely and placid.  She appeared to rest like one over-
wearied, her beauteous eyes steeped in sweet slumber.  Yet, so it
was not--she was dead!  How intensely I then longed to lie down
beside her, to gaze till death should gather me to the same repose.

But death does not come at the bidding of the miserable.  I had
lately recovered from mortal illness, and my blood had never flowed
with such an even current, nor had my limbs ever been so instinct
with quick life, as now.  I felt that my death must be voluntary.
Yet what more natural than famine, as I watched in this chamber of
mortality, placed in a world of the dead, beside the lost hope of
my life?  Meanwhile as I looked on her, the features, which bore a
sisterly resemblance to Adrian, brought my thoughts back again to
the living, to this dear friend, to Clara, and to Evelyn, who were
probably now in Windsor, waiting anxiously for our arrival.

Methought I heard a noise, a step in the far chapel, which was re-
echoed by its vaulted roof, and borne to me through the hollow
passages.  Had Clara seen my carriage pass up the town, and did she
seek me here?  I must save her at least from the horrible scene the
vault presented.  I sprung up the steps, and then saw a female
figure, bent with age, and clad in long mourning robes, advance
through the dusky chapel, supported by a slender cane, yet
tottering even with this support.  She heard me, and looked up; the
lamp I held illuminated my figure, and the moon-beams, struggling
through the painted glass, fell upon her face, wrinkled and gaunt,
yet with a piercing eye and commanding brow--I recognized the
Countess of Windsor.  With a hollow voice she asked, "Where is the

I pointed to the torn-up pavement: she walked to the spot, and
looked down into the palpable darkness; for the vault was too
distant for the rays of the small lamp I had left there to be

"Your light," she said.  I gave it her; and she regarded the now
visible, but precipitous steps, as if calculating her capacity to
descend.  Instinctively I made a silent offer of my assistance.
She motioned me away with a look of scorn, saying in an harsh
voice, as she pointed downwards, "There at least I may have her

She walked deliberately down, while I, overcome, miserable beyond
words, or tears, or groans, threw myself on the pavement near--the
stiffening form of Idris was before me, the death-struck
countenance hushed in eternal repose beneath.  That was to me the
end of all!  The day before, I had figured to my self various
adventures, and communion with my friends in after time--now I had
leapt the interval, and reached the utmost edge and bourne of life.
Thus wrapt in gloom, enclosed, walled up, vaulted over by the
omnipotent present, I was startled by the sound of feet on the
steps of the tomb, and I remembered her whom I had utterly
forgotten, my angry visitant; her tall form slowly rose upwards
from the vault, a living statue, instinct with hate, and human,
passionate strife: she seemed to me as having reached the pavement
of the aisle; she stood motionless, seeking with her eyes alone,
some desired object--till, perceiving me close to her, she placed
her wrinkled hand on my arm, exclaiming with tremulous accents,
"Lionel Verney, my son!" This name, applied at such a moment by my
angel's mother, instilled into me more respect than I had ever
before felt for this disdainful lady.  I bowed my head, and kissed
her shrivelled hand, and, remarking that she trembled violently,
supported her to the end of the chancel, where she sat on the steps
that led to the regal stall.  She suffered herself to be led, and
still holding my hand, she leaned her head back against the stall,
while the moon beams, tinged with various colours by the painted
glass, fell on her glistening eyes; aware of her weakness, again
calling to mind her long cherished dignity, she dashed the tears
away; yet they fell fast, as she said, for excuse, "She is so
beautiful and placid, even in death.  No harsh feeling ever clouded
her serene brow; how did I treat her? wounding her gentle heart
with savage coldness; I had no compassion on her in past years,
does she forgive me now?  Little, little does it boot to talk of
repentance and forgiveness to the dead, had I during her life once
consulted her gentle wishes, and curbed my rugged nature to do her
pleasure, I should not feel thus."

Idris and her mother were unlike in person.  The dark hair, deep-
set black eyes, and prominent features of the Ex-Queen were in
entire contrast to the golden tresses, the full blue orbs, and the
soft lines and contour of her daughter's countenance.  Yet, in
latter days, illness had taken from my poor girl the full outline
of her face, and reduced it to the inflexible shape of the bone
beneath.  In the form of her brow, in her oval chin, there was to
be found a resemblance to her mother; nay in some moods, their
gestures were not unlike; nor, having lived so long together, was
this wonderful.

There is a magic power in resemblance.  When one we love dies, we
hope to see them in another state, and half expect that the agency
of mind will inform its new garb in imitation of its decayed
earthly vesture.  But these are ideas of the mind only.  We know
that the instrument is shivered, the sensible image lies in
miserable fragments, dissolved to dusty nothingness; a look, a
gesture, or a fashioning of the limbs similar to the dead in a
living person, touches a thrilling chord, whose sacred harmony is
felt in the heart's dearest recess.  Strangely moved, prostrate
before this spectral image, and enslaved by the force of blood
manifested in likeness of look and movement, I remained trembling
in the presence of the harsh, proud, and till now unloved mother of

Poor, mistaken woman! in her tenderest mood before, she had
cherished the idea, that a word, a look of reconciliation from her,
would be received with joy, and repay long years of severity.  Now
that the time was gone for the exercise of such power, she fell at
once upon the thorny truth of things, and felt that neither smile
nor caress could penetrate to the unconscious state, or influence
the happiness of her who lay in the vault beneath.  This
conviction, together with the remembrance of soft replies to bitter
speeches, of gentle looks repaying angry glances; the perception of
the falsehood, paltriness and futility of her cherished dreams of
birth and power; the overpowering knowledge, that love and life
were the true emperors of our mortal state; all, as a tide, rose,
and filled her soul with stormy and bewildering confusion.  It fell
to my lot, to come as the influential power, to allay the fierce
tossing of these tumultuous waves.  I spoke to her; I led her to
reflect how happy Idris had really been, and how her virtues and
numerous excellencies had found scope and estimation in her past
career.  I praised her, the idol of my heart's dear worship, the
admired type of feminine perfection.  With ardent and overflowing
eloquence, I relieved my heart from its burthen, and awoke to the
sense of a new pleasure in life, as I poured forth the funeral
eulogy.  Then I referred to Adrian, her loved brother, and to her
surviving child.  I declared, which I had before almost forgotten,
what my duties were with regard to these valued portions of
herself, and bade the melancholy repentant mother reflect, how she
could best expiate unkindness towards the dead, by redoubled love
of the survivors.  Consoling her, my own sorrows were assuaged; my
sincerity won her entire conviction.

She turned to me.  The hard, inflexible, persecuting woman, turned
with a mild expression of face, and said, "If our beloved angel
sees us now, it will delight her to find that I do you even tardy
justice.  You were worthy of her; and from my heart I am glad that
you won her away from me.  Pardon, my son, the many wrongs I have
done you; forget my bitter words and unkind treatment--take me, and
govern me as you will."

I seized this docile moment to propose our departure from the
church.  "First," she said, "let us replace the pavement above the

We drew near to it; "Shall we look on her again?" I asked.

"I cannot," she replied, "and, I pray you, neither do you.  We need
not torture ourselves by gazing on the soulless body, while her
living spirit is buried quick in our hearts, and her surpassing
loveliness is so deeply carved there, that sleeping or waking she
must ever be present to us."

For a few moments, we bent in solemn silence over the open vault.
I consecrated my future life, to the embalming of her dear memory;
I vowed to serve her brother and her child till death.  The
convulsive sob of my companion made me break off my internal
orisons.  I next dragged the stones over the entrance of the tomb,
and closed the gulf that contained the life of my life.  Then,
supporting my decrepit fellow-mourner, we slowly left the chapel.
I felt, as I stepped into the open air, as if I had quitted an
happy nest of repose, for a dreary wilderness, a tortuous path, a
bitter, joyless, hopeless pilgrimage.


Our escort had been directed to prepare our abode for the night at
the inn, opposite the ascent to the Castle.  We could not again
visit the halls and familiar chambers of our home, on a mere visit.
We had already left for ever the glades of Windsor, and all of
coppice, flowery hedgerow, and murmuring stream, which gave shape
and intensity to the love of our country, and the almost
superstitious attachment with which we regarded native England.  It
had been our intention to have called at Lucy's dwelling in
Datchet, and to have re-assured her with promises of aid and
protection before we repaired to our quarters for the night.  Now,
as the Countess of Windsor and I turned down the steep hill that
led from the Castle, we saw the children, who had just stopped in
their caravan, at the inn door.  They had passed through Datchet
without halting.  I dreaded to meet them, and to be the bearer of
my tragic story, so while they were still occupied in the hurry of
arrival, I suddenly left them, and through the snow and clear moon-
light air, hastened along the well known road to Datchet.

Well known indeed it was.  Each cottage stood on its accustomed
site, each tree wore its familiar appearance.  Habit had graven
inerasably on my memory, every turn and change of object on the
road.  At a short distance beyond the Little Park, was an elm half
blown down by a storm, some ten years ago; and still, with leafless
snow-laden branches, it stretched across the pathway, which wound
through a meadow, beside a shallow brook, whose brawling was
silenced by frost--that stile, that white gate, that hollow oak
tree, which doubtless once belonged to the forest, and which now
showed in the moonlight its gaping rent; to whose fanciful
appearance, tricked out by the dusk into a resemblance of the human
form, the children had given the name of Falstaff;--all these
objects were as well known to me as the cold hearth of my deserted
home, and every moss-grown wall and plot of orchard ground, alike
as twin lambs are to each other in a stranger's eye, yet to my
accustomed gaze bore differences, distinction, and a name.  England
remained, though England was dead--it was the ghost of merry
England that I beheld, under those greenwood shade passing
generations had sported in security and ease.  To this painful
recognition of familiar places, was added a feeling experienced by
all, understood by none--a feeling as if in some state, less
visionary than a dream, in some past real existence, I had seen all
I saw, with precisely the same feelings as I now beheld them--as if
all my sensations were a duplex mirror of a former revelation.  To
get rid of this oppressive sense I strove to imagine change in this
tranquil spot--this augmented my mood, by causing me to bestow more
attention on the objects which occasioned me pain.

I reached Datchet and Lucy's humble abode--once noisy with Saturday
night revellers, or trim and neat on Sunday morning it had borne
testimony to the labours and orderly habits of the housewife.  The
snow lay high about the door, as if it had remained unclosed for
many days.

     "What scene of death hath Roscius now to act?"

I muttered to myself as I looked at the dark casements.  At first I
thought I saw a light in one of them, but it proved to be merely
the refraction of the moon-beams, while the only sound was the
crackling branches as the breeze whirred the snow flakes from them--
the moon sailed high and unclouded in the interminable ether,
while the shadow of the cottage lay black on the garden behind.  I
entered this by the open wicket, and anxiously examined each
window.  At length I detected a ray of light struggling through a
closed shutter in one of the upper rooms--it was a novel feeling,
alas! to look at any house and say there dwells its usual inmate--
the door of the house was merely on the latch: so I entered and
ascended the moon-lit staircase.  The door of the inhabited room
was ajar: looking in, I saw Lucy sitting as at work at the table on
which the light stood; the implements of needlework were about her,
but her hand had fallen on her lap, and her eyes, fixed on the
ground, showed by their vacancy that her thoughts wandered.  Traces
of care and watching had diminished her former attractions--but her
simple dress and cap, her desponding attitude, and the single
candle that cast its light upon her, gave for a moment a
picturesque grouping to the whole.  A fearful reality recalled me
from the thought--a figure lay stretched on the bed covered by a
sheet--her mother was dead, and Lucy, apart from all the world,
deserted and alone, watched beside the corpse during the weary
night.  I entered the room, and my unexpected appearance at first
drew a scream from the lone survivor of a dead nation; but she
recognised me, and recovered herself, with the quick exercise of
self-control habitual to her.  "Did you not expect me?" I asked, in
that low voice which the presence of the dead makes us as it were
instinctively assume.

"You are very good," replied she, "to have come yourself; I can
never thank you sufficiently; but it is too late."

"Too late," cried I, "what do you mean?  It is not too late to take
you from this deserted place, and conduct you to--"

My own loss, which I had forgotten as I spoke, now made me turn
away, while choking grief impeded my speech.  I threw open the
window, and looked on the cold, waning, ghastly, misshaped circle
on high, and the chill white earth beneath--did the spirit of sweet
Idris sail along the moon-frozen crystal air?--No, no, a more
genial atmosphere, a lovelier habitation was surely hers!

I indulged in this meditation for a moment, and then again
addressed the mourner, who stood leaning against the bed with that
expression of resigned despair, of complete misery, and a patient
sufferance of it, which is far more touching than any of the insane
ravings or wild gesticulation of untamed sorrow.  I desired to draw
her from this spot; but she opposed my wish.  That class of persons
whose imagination and sensibility have never been taken out of the
narrow circle immediately in view, if they possess these qualities
to any extent, are apt to pour their influence into the very
realities which appear to destroy them, and to cling to these with
double tenacity from not being able to comprehend any thing beyond.
Thus Lucy, in desert England, in a dead world, wished to fulfil the
usual ceremonies of the dead, such as were customary to the English
country people, when death was a rare visitant, and gave us time to
receive his dreaded usurpation with pomp and circumstance--going
forth in procession to deliver the keys of the tomb into his
conquering hand.  She had already, alone as she was, accomplished
some of these, and the work on which I found her employed, was her
mother's shroud.  My heart sickened at such detail of woe, which a
female can endure, but which is more painful to the masculine
spirit than deadliest struggle, or throes of unutterable but
transient agony.

This must not be, I told her; and then, as further inducement, I
communicated to her my recent loss, and gave her the idea that she
must come with me to take charge of the orphan children, whom the
death of Idris had deprived of a mother's care.  Lucy never
resisted the call of a duty, so she yielded, and closing the
casements and doors with care, she accompanied me back to Windsor.
As we went she communicated to me the occasion of her mother's
death.  Either by some mischance she had got sight of Lucy's letter
to Idris, or she had overheard her conversation with the countryman
who bore it; however it might be, she obtained a knowledge of the
appalling situation of herself and her daughter, her aged frame
could not sustain the anxiety and horror this discovery instilled--
she concealed her knowledge from Lucy, but brooded over it through
sleepless nights, till fever and delirium, swift forerunners of
death, disclosed the secret.  Her life, which had long been
hovering on its extinction, now yielded at once to the united
effects of misery and sickness, and that same morning she had died.

After the tumultuous emotions of the day, I was glad to find on my
arrival at the inn that my companions had retired to rest.  I gave
Lucy in charge to the Countess's attendant, and then sought repose
from my various struggles and impatient regrets.  For a few moments
the events of the day floated in disastrous pageant through my
brain, till sleep bathed it in forgetfulness; when morning dawned
and I awoke, it seemed as if my slumber had endured for years.

My companions had not shared my oblivion.  Clara's swollen eyes
showed that she has passed the night in weeping.  The Countess
looked haggard and wan.  Her firm spirit had not found relief in
tears, and she suffered the more from all the painful retrospect
and agonizing regret that now occupied her.  We departed from
Windsor, as soon as the burial rites had been performed for Lucy's
mother, and, urged on by an impatient desire to change the scene,
went forward towards Dover with speed, our escort having gone
before to provide horses; finding them either in the warm stables
they instinctively sought during the cold weather, or standing
shivering in the bleak fields ready to surrender their liberty in
exchange for offered corn.

During our ride the Countess recounted to me the extraordinary
circumstances which had brought her so strangely to my side in the
chancel of St. George's chapel.  When last she had taken leave of
Idris, as she looked anxiously on her faded person and pallid
countenance, she had suddenly been visited by a conviction that she
saw her for the last time.  It was hard to part with her while
under the dominion of this sentiment, and for the last time she
endeavoured to persuade her daughter to commit herself to her
nursing, permitting me to join Adrian.  Idris mildly refused, and
thus they separated.  The idea that they should never again meet
grew on the Countess's mind, and haunted her perpetually; a
thousand times she had resolved to turn back and join us, and was
again and again restrained by the pride and anger of which she was
the slave.  Proud of heart as she was, she bathed her pillow with
nightly tears, and through the day was subdued by nervous agitation
and expectation of the dreaded event, which she was wholly
incapable of curbing.  She confessed that at this period her hatred
of me knew no bounds, since she considered me as the sole obstacle
to the fulfilment of her dearest wish, that of attending upon her
daughter in her last moments.  She desired to express her fears to
her son, and to seek consolation from his sympathy with, or courage
from his rejection of, her auguries.

On the first day of her arrival at Dover she walked with him on the
sea beach, and with the timidity characteristic of passionate and
exaggerated feeling was by degrees bringing the conversation to the
desired point, when she could communicate her fears to him, when
the messenger who bore my letter announcing our temporary return to
Windsor, came riding down to them.  He gave some oral account of
how he had left us, and added, that notwithstanding the
cheerfulness and good courage of Lady Idris, he was afraid that she
would hardly reach Windsor alive.

"True," said the Countess, "your fears are just, she is about to

As she spoke, her eyes were fixed on a tomblike hollow of the
cliff, and she saw, she averred the same to me with solemnity,
Idris pacing slowly towards this cave.  She was turned from her,
her head was bent down, her white dress was such as she was
accustomed to wear, except that a thin crepe-like veil covered her
golden tresses, and concealed her as a dim transparent mist.  She
looked dejected, as docilely yielding to a commanding power; she
submissively entered, and was lost in the dark recess.

"Were I subject to visionary moods," said the venerable lady, as
she continued her narrative, "I might doubt my eyes, and condemn my
credulity; but reality is the world I live in, and what I saw I
doubt not had existence beyond myself.  From that moment I could
not rest; it was worth my existence to see her once again before
she died; I knew that I should not accomplish this, yet I must
endeavour.  I immediately departed for Windsor; and, though I was
assured that we travelled speedily, it seemed to me that our
progress was snail-like, and that delays were created solely for my
annoyance.  Still I accused you, and heaped on your head the fiery
ashes of my burning impatience.  It was no disappointment, though
an agonizing pang, when you pointed to her last abode; and words
would ill express the abhorrence I that moment felt towards you,
the triumphant impediment to my dearest wishes.  I saw her, and
anger, and hate, and injustice died at her bier, giving place at
their departure to a remorse (Great God, that I should feel it!)
which must last while memory and feeling endure."

To medicine such remorse, to prevent awakening love and new-born
mildness from producing the same bitter fruit that hate and
harshness had done, I devoted all my endeavours to soothe the
venerable penitent.  Our party was a melancholy one; each was
possessed by regret for what was remediless; for the absence of his
mother shadowed even the infant gaiety of Evelyn.  Added to this
was the prospect of the uncertain future.  Before the final
accomplishment of any great voluntary change the mind vacillates,
now soothing itself by fervent expectation, now recoiling from
obstacles which seem never to have presented themselves before with
so frightful an aspect.  An involuntary tremor ran through me when
I thought that in another day we might have crossed the watery
barrier, and have set forward on that hopeless, interminable, sad
wandering, which but a short time before I regarded as the only
relief to sorrow that our situation afforded.

Our approach to Dover was announced by the loud roarings of the
wintry sea.  They were borne miles inland by the sound-laden blast,
and by their unaccustomed uproar, imparted a feeling of insecurity
and peril to our stable abode.  At first we hardly permitted
ourselves to think that any unusual eruption of nature caused this
tremendous war of air and water, but rather fancied that we merely
listened to what we had heard a thousand times before, when we had
watched the flocks of fleece-crowned waves, driven by the winds,
come to lament and die on the barren sands and pointed rocks.  But
we found upon advancing farther, that Dover was overflowed--many of
the houses were overthrown by the surges which filled the streets,
and with hideous brawlings sometimes retreated leaving the pavement
of the town bare, till again hurried forward by the influx of
ocean, they returned with thunder-sound to their usurped station.

Hardly less disturbed than the tempestuous world of waters was the
assembly of human beings, that from the cliff fearfully watched its
ravings.  On the morning of the arrival of the emigrants under the
conduct of Adrian, the sea had been serene and glassy, the slight
ripples refracted the sunbeams, which shed their radiance through
the clear blue frosty air.  This placid appearance of nature was
hailed as a good augury for the voyage, and the chief immediately
repaired to the harbour to examine two steamboats which were moored
there.  On the following midnight, when all were at rest, a
frightful storm of wind and clattering rain and hail first
disturbed them, and the voice of one shrieking in the streets, that
the sleepers must awake or they would be drowned; and when they
rushed out, half clothed, to discover the meaning of this alarm,
they found that the tide, rising above every mark, was rushing into
the town.  They ascended the cliff, but the darkness permitted only
the white crest of waves to be seen, while the roaring wind mingled
its howlings in dire accord with the wild surges.  The awful hour
of night, the utter inexperience of many who had never seen the sea
before, the wailing of women and cries of children added to the
horror of the tumult.

All the following day the same scene continued.  When the tide
ebbed, the town was left dry; but on its flow, it rose even higher
than on the preceding night.  The vast ships that lay rotting in
the roads were whirled from their anchorage, and driven and jammed
against the cliff, the vessels in the harbour were flung on land
like sea-weed, and there battered to pieces by the breakers.  The
waves dashed against the cliff, which if in any place it had been
before loosened, now gave way, and the affrighted crowd saw vast
fragments of the near earth fall with crash and roar into the deep.
This sight operated differently on different persons.  The greater
part thought it a judgment of God, to prevent or punish our
emigration from our native land.  Many were doubly eager to quit a
nook of ground now become their prison, which appeared unable to
resist the inroads of ocean's giant waves.

When we arrived at Dover, after a fatiguing day's journey, we all
required rest and sleep; but the scene acting around us soon drove
away such ideas.  We were drawn, along with the greater part of our
companions, to the edge of the cliff, there to listen to and make a
thousand conjectures.  A fog narrowed our horizon to about a
quarter of a mile, and the misty veil, cold and dense, enveloped
sky and sea in equal obscurity.  What added to our inquietude was
the circumstance that two-thirds of our original number were now
waiting for us in Paris, and clinging, as we now did most
painfully, to any addition to our melancholy remnant, this
division, with the tameless impassable ocean between, struck us
with affright.  At length, after loitering for several hours on the
cliff, we retired to Dover Castle, whose roof sheltered all who
breathed the English air, and sought the sleep necessary to restore
strength and courage to our worn frames and languid spirits.

Early in the morning Adrian brought me the welcome intelligence
that the wind had changed: it had been south-west; it was now north-
east.  The sky was stripped bare of clouds by the increasing gale,
while the tide at its ebb seceded entirely from the town.  The
change of wind rather increased the fury of the sea, but it altered
its late dusky hue to a bright green; and in spite of its
unmitigated clamour, its more cheerful appearance instilled hope
and pleasure.  All day we watched the ranging of the mountainous
waves, and towards sunset a desire to decipher the promise for the
morrow at its setting, made us all gather with one accord on the
edge of the cliff.  When the mighty luminary approached within a
few degrees of the tempest-tossed horizon, suddenly, a wonder!
three other suns, alike burning and brilliant, rushed from various
quarters of the heavens towards the great orb; they whirled round
it.  The glare of light was intense to our dazzled eyes; the sun
itself seemed to join in the dance, while the sea burned like a
furnace, like all Vesuvius a-light, with flowing lava beneath.  The
horses broke loose from their stalls in terror--a herd of cattle,
panic struck, raced down to the brink of the cliff, and blinded by
light, plunged down with frightful yells in the waves below.  The
time occupied by the apparition of these meteors was comparatively
short; suddenly the three mock suns united in one, and plunged into
the sea.  A few seconds afterwards, a deafening watery sound came
up with awful peal from the spot where they had disappeared.

Meanwhile the sun, disencumbered from his strange satellites, paced
with its accustomed majesty towards its western home.  When--we
dared not trust our eyes late dazzled, but it seemed that--the sea
rose to meet it--it mounted higher and higher, till the fiery globe
was obscured, and the wall of water still ascended the horizon; it
appeared as if suddenly the motion of earth was revealed to us--as
if no longer we were ruled by ancient laws, but were turned adrift
in an unknown region of space.  Many cried aloud, that these were
no meteors, but globes of burning matter, which had set fire to the
earth, and caused the vast cauldron at our feet to bubble up with
its measureless waves; the day of judgment was come they averred,
and a few moments would transport us before the awful countenance
of the omnipotent judge; while those less given to visionary
terrors, declared that two conflicting gales had occasioned the
last phnomenon.  In support of this opinion they pointed out the
fact that the east wind died away, while the rushing of the coming
west mingled its wild howl with the roar of the advancing waters.
Would the cliff resist this new battery?  Was not the giant wave
far higher than the precipice?  Would not our little island be
deluged by its approach?  The crowd of spectators fled.  They were
dispersed over the fields, stopping now and then, and looking back
in terror.  A sublime sense of awe calmed the swift pulsations of
my heart--I awaited the approach of the destruction menaced, with
that solemn resignation which an unavoidable necessity instils.
The ocean every moment assumed a more terrific aspect, while the
twilight was dimmed by the rack which the west wind spread over the
sky.  By slow degrees however, as the wave advanced, it took a more
mild appearance; some under current of air, or obstruction in the
bed of the waters, checked its progress, and it sank gradually;
while the surface of the sea became uniformly higher as it
dissolved into it.  This change took from us the fear of an
immediate catastrophe, although we were still anxious as to the
final result.  We continued during the whole night to watch the
fury of the sea and the pace of the driving clouds, through whose
openings the rare stars rushed impetuously; the thunder of
conflicting elements deprived us of all power to sleep.

This endured ceaselessly for three days and nights.  The stoutest
hearts quailed before the savage enmity of nature; provisions began
to fail us, though every day foraging parties were dispersed to the
nearer towns.  In vain we schooled ourselves into the belief, that
there was nothing out of the common order of nature in the strife
we witnessed; our disastrous and overwhelming destiny turned the
best of us to cowards.  Death had hunted us through the course of
many months, even to the narrow strip of time on which we now
stood; narrow indeed, and buffeted by storms, was our footway
overhanging the great sea of calamity--

     As an unsheltered northern shore
     Is shaken by the wintry wave--
     And frequent storms for evermore,
     (While from the west the loud winds rave,
     Or from the east, or mountains hoar)
     The struck and tott'ring sand-bank lave.*

* Chorus in Oedipus Coloneus.

It required more than human energy to bear up against the menaces
of destruction that everywhere surrounded us.

After the lapse of three days, the gale died away, the sea-gull
sailed upon the calm bosom of the windless atmosphere, and the last
yellow leaf on the topmost branch of the oak hung without motion.
The sea no longer broke with fury; but a swell setting in steadily
for shore, with long sweep and sullen burst replaced the roar of
the breakers.  Yet we derived hope from the change, and we did not
doubt that after the interval of a few days the sea would resume
its tranquillity.  The sunset of the fourth day favoured this idea;
it was clear and golden.  As we gazed on the purple sea, radiant
beneath, we were attracted by a novel spectacle; a dark speck--as
it neared, visibly a boat--rode on the top of the waves, every now
and then lost in the steep valleys between.  We marked its course
with eager questionings; and, when we saw that it evidently made
for shore, we descended to the only practicable landing place, and
hoisted a signal to direct them.  By the help of glasses we
distinguished her crew; it consisted of nine men, Englishmen,
belonging in truth to the two divisions of our people, who had
preceded us, and had been for several weeks at Paris.  As
countryman was wont to meet countryman in distant lands, did we
greet our visitors on their landing, with outstretched hands and
gladsome welcome.  They were slow to reciprocate our gratulations.
They looked angry and resentful; not less than the chafed sea which
they had traversed with imminent peril, though apparently more
displeased with each other than with us.  It was strange to see
these human beings, who appeared to be given forth by the earth
like rare and inestimable plants, full of towering passion, and the
spirit of angry contest.  Their first demand was to be conducted to
the Lord Protector of England, so they called Adrian, though he had
long discarded the empty title, as a bitter mockery of the shadow
to which the Protectorship was now reduced.  They were speedily led
to Dover Castle, from whose keep Adrian had watched the movements
of the boat.  He received them with the interest and wonder so
strange a visitation created.  In the confusion occasioned by their
angry demands for precedence, it was long before we could discover
the secret meaning of this strange scene.  By degrees, from the
furious declamations of one, the fierce interruptions of another,
and the bitter scoffs of a third, we found that they were deputies
from our colony at Paris, from three parties there formed, who,
each with angry rivalry, tried to attain a superiority over the
other two.  These deputies had been dispatched by them to Adrian,
who had been selected arbiter; and they had journeyed from Paris to
Calais, through the vacant towns and desolate country, indulging
the while violent hatred against each other; and now they pleaded
their several causes with unmitigated party-spirit.

By examining the deputies apart, and after much investigation, we
learnt the true state of things at Paris.  Since parliament had
elected him Ryland's deputy, all the surviving English had
submitted to Adrian.  He was our captain to lead us from our native
soil to unknown lands, our lawgiver and our preserver.  On the
first arrangement of our scheme of emigration, no continued
separation of our members was contemplated, and the command of the
whole body in gradual ascent of power had its apex in the Earl of
Windsor.  But unforeseen circumstances changed our plans for us,
and occasioned the greater part of our numbers to be divided for
the space of nearly two months, from the supreme chief.  They had
gone over in two distinct bodies; and on their arrival at Paris
dissension arose between them.

They had found Paris a desert.  When first the plague had appeared,
the return of travellers and merchants, and communications by
letter, informed us regularly of the ravages made by disease on the
continent.  But with the increased mortality this intercourse
declined and ceased.  Even in England itself communication from one
part of the island to the other became slow and rare.  No vessel
stemmed the flood that divided Calais from Dover; or if some
melancholy voyager, wishing to assure himself of the life or death
of his relatives, put from the French shore to return among us,
often the greedy ocean swallowed his little craft, or after a day
or two he was infected by the disorder, and died before he could
tell the tale of the desolation of France.  We were therefore to a
great degree ignorant of the state of things on the continent, and
were not without some vague hope of finding numerous companions in
its wide track.  But the same causes that had so fearfully
diminished the English nation had had even greater scope for
mischief in the sister land.  France was a blank; during the long
line of road from Calais to Paris not one human being was found.
In Paris there were a few, perhaps a hundred, who, resigned to
their coming fate, flitted about the streets of the capital and
assembled to converse of past times, with that vivacity and even
gaiety that seldom deserts the individuals of this nation.

The English took uncontested possession of Paris.  Its high houses
and narrow streets were lifeless.  A few pale figures were to be
distinguished at the accustomed resort at the Tuileries; they
wondered wherefore the islanders should approach their ill-fated
city--for in the excess of wretchedness, the sufferers always
imagine, that their part of the calamity is the bitterest, as, when
enduring intense pain, we would exchange the particular torture we
writhe under, for any other which should visit a different part of
the frame.  They listened to the account the emigrants gave of
their motives for leaving their native land, with a shrug almost of
disdain--"Return," they said, "return to your island, whose sea
breezes, and division from the continent gives some promise of
health; if Pestilence among you has slain its hundreds, with us it
has slain its thousands.  Are you not even now more numerous than
we are?--A year ago you would have found only the sick burying the
dead; now we are happier; for the pang of struggle has passed away,
and the few you find here are patiently waiting the final blow.
But you, who are not content to die, breathe no longer the air of
France, or soon you will only be a part of her soil."

Thus, by menaces of the sword, they would have driven back those
who had escaped from fire.  But the peril left behind was deemed
imminent by my countrymen; that before them doubtful and distant;
and soon other feelings arose to obliterate fear, or to replace it
by passions, that ought to have had no place among a brotherhood of
unhappy survivors of the expiring world.

The more numerous division of emigrants, which arrived first at
Paris, assumed a superiority of rank and power; the second party
asserted their independence.  A third was formed by a sectarian, a
self-erected prophet, who, while he attributed all power and rule
to God, strove to get the real command of his comrades into his own
hands.  This third division consisted of fewest individuals, but
their purpose was more one, their obedience to their leader more
entire, their fortitude and courage more unyielding and active.

During the whole progress of the plague, the teachers of religion
were in possession of great power; a power of good, if rightly
directed, or of incalculable mischief, if fanaticism or intolerance
guided their efforts.  In the present instance, a worse feeling
than either of these actuated the leader.  He was an impostor in
the most determined sense of the term.  A man who had in early life
lost, through the indulgence of vicious propensities, all sense of
rectitude or self-esteem; and who, when ambition was awakened in
him, gave himself up to its influence unbridled by any scruple.
His father had been a methodist preacher, an enthusiastic man with
simple intentions; but whose pernicious doctrines of election and
special grace had contributed to destroy all conscientious feeling
in his son.  During the progress of the pestilence he had entered
upon various schemes, by which to acquire adherents and power.
Adrian had discovered and defeated these attempts; but Adrian was
absent; the wolf assumed the shepherd's garb, and the flock
admitted the deception: he had formed a party during the few weeks
he had been in Paris, who zealously propagated the creed of his
divine mission, and believed that safety and salvation were to be
afforded only to those who put their trust in him.

When once the spirit of dissension had arisen, the most frivolous
causes gave it activity.  The first party, on arriving at Paris,
had taken possession of the Tuileries; chance and friendly feeling
had induced the second to lodge near to them.  A contest arose
concerning the distribution of the pillage; the chiefs of the first
division demanded that the whole should be placed at their
disposal; with this assumption the opposite party refused to
comply.  When next the latter went to forage, the gates of Paris
were shut on them.  After overcoming this difficulty, they marched
in a body to the Tuileries.  They found that their enemies had been
already expelled thence by the Elect, as the fanatical party
designated themselves, who refused to admit any into the palace who
did not first abjure obedience to all except God, and his delegate
on earth, their chief.  Such was the beginning of the strife, which
at length proceeded so far, that the three divisions, armed, met in
the Place Vendme, each resolved to subdue by force the resistance
of its adversaries.  They assembled, their muskets were loaded, and
even pointed at the breasts of their so called enemies.  One word
had been sufficient; and there the last of mankind would have
burthened their souls with the crime of murder, and dipped their
hands in each other's blood.  A sense of shame, a recollection that
not only their cause, but the existence of the whole human race was
at stake, entered the breast of the leader of the more numerous
party.  He was aware, that if the ranks were thinned, no other
recruits could fill them up; that each man was as a priceless gem
in a kingly crown, which if destroyed, the earth's deep entrails
could yield no paragon.  He was a young man, and had been hurried
on by presumption, and the notion of his high rank and superiority
to all other pretenders; now he repented his work, he felt that all
the blood about to be shed would be on his head; with sudden
impulse therefore he spurred his horse between the bands, and,
having fixed a white handkerchief on the point of his uplifted
sword, thus demanded parley; the opposite leaders obeyed the
signal.  He spoke with warmth; he reminded them of the oath all the
chiefs had taken to submit to the Lord Protector; he declared their
present meeting to be an act of treason and mutiny; he allowed that
he had been hurried away by passion, but that a cooler moment had
arrived; and he proposed that each party should send deputies to
the Earl of Windsor, inviting his interference and offering
submission to his decision.  His offer was accepted so far, that
each leader consented to command a retreat, and moreover agreed,
that after the approbation of their several parties had been
consulted, they should meet that night on some neutral spot to
ratify the truce.  At the meeting of the chiefs, this plan was
finally concluded upon.  The leader of the fanatics indeed refused
to admit the arbitration of Adrian; he sent ambassadors, rather
than deputies, to assert his claim, not plead his cause.

The truce was to continue until the first of February, when the
bands were again to assemble on the Place Vendme; it was of the
utmost consequence therefore that Adrian should arrive in Paris by
that day, since an hair might turn the scale, and peace, scared
away by intestine broils, might only return to watch by the silent
dead.  It was now the twenty-eighth of January; every vessel
stationed near Dover had been beaten to pieces and destroyed by the
furious storms I have commemorated.  Our journey however would
admit of no delay.  That very night, Adrian, and I, and twelve
others, either friends or attendants, put off from the English
shore, in the boat that had brought over the deputies.  We all took
our turn at the oar; and the immediate occasion of our departure
affording us abundant matter for conjecture and discourse,
prevented the feeling that we left our native country, depopulate
England, for the last time, to enter deeply into the minds of the
greater part of our number.  It was a serene starlight night, and
the dark line of the English coast continued for some time visible
at intervals, as we rose on the broad back of the waves.  I exerted
myself with my long oar to give swift impulse to our skiff; and,
while the waters splashed with melancholy sound against its sides,
I looked with sad affection on this last glimpse of sea-girt
England, and strained my eyes not too soon to lose sight of the
castellated cliff, which rose to protect the land of heroism and
beauty from the inroads of ocean, that, turbulent as I had lately
seen it, required such cyclopean walls for its repulsion.  A
solitary sea-gull winged its flight over our heads, to seek its
nest in a cleft of the precipice.  Yes, thou shalt revisit the land
of thy birth, I thought, as I looked invidiously on the airy
voyager; but we shall, never more!  Tomb of Idris, farewell!
Grave, in which my heart lies sepultured, farewell for ever!

We were twelve hours at sea, and the heavy swell obliged us to
exert all our strength.  At length, by mere dint of rowing, we
reached the French coast.  The stars faded, and the grey morning
cast a dim veil over the silver horns of the waning moon--the sun
rose broad and red from the sea, as we walked over the sands to
Calais.  Our first care was to procure horses, and although wearied
by our night of watching and toil, some of our party immediately
went in quest of these in the wide fields of the unenclosed and now
barren plain round Calais.  We divided ourselves, like seamen, into
watches, and some reposed, while others prepared the morning's
repast.  Our foragers returned at noon with only six horses--on
these, Adrian and I, and four others, proceeded on our journey
towards the great city, which its inhabitants had fondly named the
capital of the civilized world.  Our horses had become, through
their long holiday, almost wild, and we crossed the plain round
Calais with impetuous speed.  From the height near Boulogne, I
turned again to look on England; nature had cast a misty pall over
her, her cliff was hidden--there was spread the watery barrier that
divided us, never again to be crossed; she lay on the ocean plain,

     In the great pool a swan's nest.

Ruined the nest, alas! the swans of Albion had passed away for ever--
an uninhabited rock in the wide Pacific, which had remained since
the creation uninhabited, unnamed, unmarked, would be of as much
account in the world's future history, as desert England.

Our journey was impeded by a thousand obstacles.  As our horses
grew tired, we had to seek for others; and hours were wasted, while
we exhausted our artifices to allure some of these enfranchised
slaves of man to resume the yoke; or as we went from stable to
stable through the towns, hoping to find some who had not forgotten
the shelter of their native stalls.  Our ill success in procuring
them, obliged us continually to leave some one of our companions
behind; and on the first of February, Adrian and I entered Paris,
wholly unaccompanied.  The serene morning had dawned when we
arrived at Saint Denis, and the sun was high, when the clamour of
voices, and the clash, as we feared, of weapons, guided us to where
our countrymen had assembled on the Place Vendme.  We passed a
knot of Frenchmen, who were talking earnestly of the madness of the
insular invaders, and then coming by a sudden turn upon the Place,
we saw the sun glitter on drawn swords and fixed bayonets, while
yells and clamours rent the air.  It was a scene of unaccustomed
confusion in these days of depopulation.  Roused by fancied wrongs,
and insulting scoffs, the opposite parties had rushed to attack
each other; while the elect, drawn up apart, seemed to wait an
opportunity to fall with better advantage on their foes, when they
should have mutually weakened each other.  A merciful power
interposed, and no blood was shed; for, while the insane mob were
in the very act of attack, the females, wives, mothers and
daughters, rushed between; they seized the bridles; they embraced
the knees of the horsemen, and hung on the necks, or enweaponed
arms of their enraged relatives; the shrill female scream was
mingled with the manly shout, and formed the wild clamour that
welcomed us on our arrival.

Our voices could not be heard in the tumult; Adrian however was
eminent for the white charger he rode; spurring him, he dashed into
the midst of the throng: he was recognized, and a loud cry raised
for England and the Protector.  The late adversaries, warmed to
affection at the sight of him, joined in heedless confusion, and
surrounded him; the women kissed his hands, and the edges of his
garments; nay, his horse received tribute of their embraces; some
wept their welcome; he appeared an angel of peace descended among
them; and the only danger was, that his mortal nature would be
demonstrated, by his suffocation from the kindness of his friends.
His voice was at length heard, and obeyed; the crowd fell back; the
chiefs alone rallied round him.  I had seen Lord Raymond ride
through his lines; his look of victory, and majestic mien obtained
the respect and obedience of all: such was not the appearance or
influence of Adrian.  His slight figure, his fervent look, his
gesture, more of deprecation than rule, were proofs that love,
unmingled with fear, gave him dominion over the hearts of a
multitude, who knew that he never flinched from danger, nor was
actuated by other motives than care for the general welfare.  No
distinction was now visible between the two parties, late ready to
shed each other's blood, for, though neither would submit to the
other, they both yielded ready obedience to the Earl of Windsor.

One party however remained, cut off from the rest, which did not
sympathize in the joy exhibited on Adrian's arrival, or imbibe the
spirit of peace, which fell like dew upon the softened hearts of
their countrymen.  At the head of this assembly was a ponderous,
dark-looking man, whose malign eye surveyed with gloating delight
the stern looks of his followers.  They had hitherto been inactive,
but now, perceiving themselves to be forgotten in the universal
jubilee, they advanced with threatening gestures: our friends had,
as it were in wanton contention, attacked each other; they wanted
but to be told that their cause was one, for it to become so: their
mutual anger had been a fire of straw, compared to the slow-burning
hatred they both entertained for these seceders, who seized a
portion of the world to come, there to entrench and incastellate
themselves, and to issue with fearful sally, and appalling
denunciations, on the mere common children of the earth.  The first
advance of the little army of the elect reawakened their rage; they
grasped their arms, and waited but their leader's signal to
commence the attack, when the clear tones of Adrian's voice were
heard, commanding them to fall back; with confused murmur and
hurried retreat, as the wave ebbs clamorously from the sands it
lately covered, our friends obeyed.  Adrian rode singly into the
space between the opposing bands; he approached the hostile leader,
as requesting him to imitate his example, but his look was not
obeyed, and the chief advanced, followed by his whole troop.  There
were many women among them, who seemed more eager and resolute than
their male companions.  They pressed round their leader, as if to
shield him, while they loudly bestowed on him every sacred
denomination and epithet of worship.  Adrian met them half way;
they halted:  "What," he said, "do you seek?  Do you require any
thing of us that we refuse to give, and that you are forced to
acquire by arms and warfare?"

His questions were answered by a general cry, in which the words
election, sin, and red right arm of God, could alone be heard.

Adrian looked expressly at their leader, saying, "Can you not
silence your followers?  Mine, you perceive, obey me."

The fellow answered by a scowl; and then, perhaps fearful that his
people should become auditors of the debate he expected to ensue,
he commanded them to fall back, and advanced by himself.  "What, I
again ask," said Adrian, "do you require of us?"

"Repentance," replied the man, whose sinister brow gathered clouds
as he spoke.  "Obedience to the will of the Most High, made
manifest to these his Elected People.  Do we not all die through
your sins, O generation of unbelief, and have we not a right to
demand of you repentance and obedience?"

"And if we refuse them, what then?" his opponent inquired mildly.

"Beware," cried the man, "God hears you, and will smite your stony
heart in his wrath; his poisoned arrows fly, his dogs of death are
unleashed!  We will not perish unrevenged--and mighty will our
avenger be, when he descends in visible majesty, and scatters
destruction among you."

"My good fellow," said Adrian, with quiet scorn, "I wish that you
were ignorant only, and I think it would be no difficult task to
prove to you, that you speak of what you do not understand.  On the
present occasion however, it is enough for me to know that you seek
nothing of us; and, heaven is our witness, we seek nothing of you.
I should be sorry to embitter by strife the few days that we any of
us may have here to live; when there," he pointed downwards, "we
shall not be able to contend, while here we need not.  Go home, or
stay; pray to your God in your own mode; your friends may do the
like.  My orisons consist in peace and good will, in resignation
and hope.  Farewell!"

He bowed slightly to the angry disputant who was about to reply;
and, turning his horse down Rue Saint Honore, called on his friends
to follow him.  He rode slowly, to give time to all to join him at
the Barrier, and then issued his orders that those who yielded
obedience to him, should rendezvous at Versailles.  In the meantime
he remained within the walls of Paris, until he had secured the
safe retreat of all.  In about a fortnight the remainder of the
emigrants arrived from England, and they all repaired to
Versailles; apartments were prepared for the family of the
Protector in the Grand Trianon, and there, after the excitement of
these events, we reposed amidst the luxuries of the departed


After the repose of a few days, we held a council, to decide on our
future movements.  Our first plan had been to quit our wintry
native latitude, and seek for our diminished numbers the luxuries
and delights of a southern climate.  We had not fixed on any
precise spot as the termination of our wanderings; but a vague
picture of perpetual spring, fragrant groves, and sparkling
streams, floated in our imagination to entice us on.  A variety of
causes had detained us in England, and we had now arrived at the
middle of February; if we pursued our original project, we should
find ourselves in a worse situation than before, having exchanged
our temperate climate for the intolerable heats of a summer in
Egypt or Persia.  We were therefore obliged to modify our plan, as
the season continued to be inclement; and it was determined that we
should await the arrival of spring in our present abode, and so
order our future movements as to pass the hot months in the icy
valleys of Switzerland, deferring our southern progress until the
ensuing autumn, if such a season was ever again to be beheld by us.

The castle and town of Versailles afforded our numbers ample
accommodation, and foraging parties took it by turns to supply our
wants.  There was a strange and appalling motley in the situation
of these the last of the race.  At first I likened it to a colony,
which borne over the far seas, struck root for the first time in a
new country.  But where was the bustle and industry characteristic
of such an assemblage; the rudely constructed dwelling, which was
to suffice till a more commodious mansion could be built; the
marking out of fields; the attempt at cultivation; the eager
curiosity to discover unknown animals and herbs; the excursions for
the sake of exploring the country?  Our habitations were palaces
our food was ready stored in granaries--there was no need of
labour, no inquisitiveness, no restless desire to get on.  If we
had been assured that we should secure the lives of our present
numbers, there would have been more vivacity and hope in our
councils.  We should have discussed as to the period when the
existing produce for man's sustenance would no longer suffice for
us, and what mode of life we should then adopt.  We should have
considered more carefully our future plans, and debated concerning
the spot where we should in future dwell.  But summer and the
plague were near, and we dared not look forward.  Every heart
sickened at the thought of amusement; if the younger part of our
community were ever impelled, by youthful and untamed hilarity, to
enter on any dance or song, to cheer the melancholy time, they
would suddenly break off, checked by a mournful look or agonizing
sigh from any one among them, who was prevented by sorrows and
losses from mingling in the festivity.  If laughter echoed under
our roof, yet the heart was vacant of joy; and, when ever it
chanced that I witnessed such attempts at pastime, they increased
instead of diminishing my sense of woe.  In the midst of the
pleasure-hunting throng, I would close my eyes, and see before me
the obscure cavern, where was garnered the mortality of Idris, and
the dead lay around, mouldering in hushed repose.  When I again
became aware of the present hour, softest melody of Lydian flute,
or harmonious maze of graceful dance, was but as the demoniac
chorus in the Wolf's Glen, and the caperings of the reptiles that
surrounded the magic circle.

My dearest interval of peace occurred, when, released from the
obligation of associating with the crowd, I could repose in the
dear home where my children lived.  Children I say, for the
tenderest emotions of paternity bound me to Clara.  She was now
fourteen; sorrow, and deep insight into the scenes around her,
calmed the restless spirit of girlhood; while the remembrance of
her father whom she idolised, and respect for me and Adrian,
implanted an high sense of duty in her young heart.  Though serious
she was not sad; the eager desire that makes us all, when young,
plume our wings, and stretch our necks, that we may more swiftly
alight tiptoe on the height of maturity, was subdued in her by
early experience.  All that she could spare of overflowing love
from her parents' memory, and attention to her living relatives,
was spent upon religion.  This was the hidden law of her heart,
which she concealed with childish reserve, and cherished the more
because it was secret.  What faith so entire, what charity so pure,
what hope so fervent, as that of early youth? and she, all love,
all tenderness and trust, who from infancy had been tossed on the
wide sea of passion and misfortune, saw the finger of apparent
divinity in all, and her best hope was to make herself acceptable
to the power she worshipped.  Evelyn was only five years old; his
joyous heart was incapable of sorrow, and he enlivened our house
with the innocent mirth incident to his years.

The aged Countess of Windsor had fallen from her dream of power,
rank and grandeur; she had been suddenly seized with the
conviction, that love was the only good of life, virtue the only
ennobling distinction and enriching wealth.  Such a lesson had been
taught her by the dead lips of her neglected daughter; and she
devoted herself, with all the fiery violence of her character, to
the obtaining the affection of the remnants of her family.  In
early years the heart of Adrian had been chilled towards her; and,
though he observed a due respect, her coldness, mixed with the
recollection of disappointment and madness, caused him to feel even
pain in her society.  She saw this, and yet determined to win his
love; the obstacle served the rather to excite her ambition.  As
Henry, Emperor of Germany, lay in the snow before Pope Leo's gate
for three winter days and nights, so did she in humility wait
before the icy barriers of his closed heart, till he, the servant
of love, and prince of tender courtesy, opened it wide for her
admittance, bestowing, with fervency and gratitude, the tribute of
filial affection she merited.  Her understanding, courage, and
presence of mind, became powerful auxiliaries to him in the
difficult task of ruling the tumultuous crowd, which were subjected
to his control, in truth by a single hair.

The principal circumstances that disturbed our tranquillity during
this interval, originated in the vicinity of the impostor-prophet
and his followers.  They continued to reside at Paris; but
missionaries from among them often visited Versailles--and such was
the power of assertions, however false, yet vehemently iterated,
over the ready credulity of the ignorant and fearful, that they
seldom failed in drawing over to their party some from among our
numbers.  An instance of this nature coming immediately under our
notice, we were led to consider the miserable state in which we
should leave our countrymen, when we should, at the approach of
summer, move on towards Switzerland, and leave a deluded crew
behind us in the hands of their miscreant leader.  The sense of the
smallness of our numbers, and expectation of decrease, pressed upon
us; and, while it would be a subject of congratulation to ourselves
to add one to our party, it would be doubly gratifying to rescue
from the pernicious influence of superstition and unrelenting
tyranny, the victims that now, though voluntarily enchained,
groaned beneath it.  If we had considered the preacher as sincere
in a belief of his own denunciations, or only moderately actuated
by kind feeling in the exercise of his assumed powers, we should
have immediately addressed ourselves to him, and endeavoured with
our best arguments to soften and humanise his views.  But he was
instigated by ambition, he desired to rule over these last
stragglers from the fold of death; his projects went so far, as to
cause him to calculate that, if, from these crushed remains, a few
survived, so that a new race should spring up, he, by holding tight
the reins of belief, might be remembered by the post-pestilential
race as a patriarch, a prophet, nay a deity; such as of old among
the post-diluvians were Jupiter the conqueror, Serapis the
lawgiver, and Vishnu the preserver.  These ideas made him
inflexible in his rule, and violent in his hate of any who presumed
to share with him his usurped empire.

It is a strange fact, but incontestable, that the philanthropist,
who ardent in his desire to do good, who patient, reasonable and
gentle, yet disdains to use other argument than truth, has less
influence over men's minds, than he who, grasping and selfish,
refuses not to adopt any means, nor awaken any passion, nor diffuse
any falsehood, for the advancement of his cause.  If this from time
immemorial has been the case, the contrast was infinitely greater,
now that the one could bring harrowing fears and transcendent hopes
into play; while the other had few hopes to hold forth, nor could
influence the imagination to diminish the fears which he himself
was the first to entertain.  The preacher had persuaded his
followers, that their escape from the plague, the salvation of
their children, and the rise of a new race of men from their seed,
depended on their faith in, and their submission to him.  They
greedily imbibed this belief; and their over-weening credulity even
rendered them eager to make converts to the same faith.

How to seduce any individuals from such an alliance of fraud, was a
frequent subject of Adrian's meditations and discourse.  He formed
many plans for the purpose; but his own troop kept him in full
occupation to ensure their fidelity and safety; beside which the
preacher was as cautious and prudent, as he was cruel.  His victims
lived under the strictest rules and laws, which either entirely
imprisoned them within the Tuileries, or let them out in such
numbers, and under such leaders, as precluded the possibility of
controversy.  There was one among them however whom I resolved to
save; she had been known to us in happier days; Idris had loved
her; and her excellent nature made it peculiarly lamentable that
she should be sacrificed by this merciless cannibal of souls.

This man had between two and three hundred persons enlisted under
his banners.  More than half of them were women; there were about
fifty children of all ages; and not more than eighty men.  They
were mostly drawn from that which, when such distinctions existed,
was denominated the lower rank of society.  The exceptions
consisted of a few high-born females, who, panic-struck, and tamed
by sorrow, had joined him.  Among these was one, young, lovely, and
enthusiastic, whose very goodness made her a more easy victim.  I
have mentioned her before: Juliet, the youngest daughter, and now
sole relic of the ducal house of L----.  There are some beings,
whom fate seems to select on whom to pour, in unmeasured portion,
the vials of her wrath, and whom she bathes even to the lips in
misery.  Such a one was the ill-starred Juliet.  She had lost her
indulgent parents, her brothers and sisters, companions of her
youth; in one fell swoop they had been carried off from her.  Yet
she had again dared to call herself happy; united to her admirer,
to him who possessed and filled her whole heart, she yielded to the
lethean powers of love, and knew and felt only his life and
presence.  At the very time when with keen delight she welcomed the
tokens of maternity, this sole prop of her life failed, her husband
died of the plague.  For a time she had been lulled in insanity;
the birth of her child restored her to the cruel reality of things,
but gave her at the same time an object for whom to preserve at
once life and reason.  Every friend and relative had died off, and
she was reduced to solitude and penury; deep melancholy and angry
impatience distorted her judgment, so that she could not persuade
herself to disclose her distress to us.  When she heard of the plan
of universal emigration, she resolved to remain behind with her
child, and alone in wide England to live or die, as fate might
decree, beside the grave of her beloved.  She had hidden herself in
one of the many empty habitations of London; it was she who rescued
my Idris on the fatal twentieth of November, though my immediate
danger, and the subsequent illness of Idris, caused us to forget
our hapless friend.  This circumstance had however brought her
again in contact with her fellow-creatures; a slight illness of her
infant, proved to her that she was still bound to humanity by an
indestructible tie; to preserve this little creature's life became
the object of her being, and she joined the first division of
migrants who went over to Paris.

She became an easy prey to the methodist; her sensibility and acute
fears rendered her accessible to every impulse; her love for her
child made her eager to cling to the merest straw held out to save
him.  Her mind, once unstrung, and now tuned by roughest
inharmonious hands, made her credulous: beautiful as fabled
goddess, with voice of unrivalled sweetness, burning with new
lighted enthusiasm, she became a steadfast proselyte, and powerful
auxiliary to the leader of the elect.  I had remarked her in the
crowd, on the day we met on the Place Vendme; and, recollecting
suddenly her providential rescue of my lost one, on the night of
the twentieth of November, I reproached myself for my neglect and
ingratitude, and felt impelled to leave no means that I could adopt
untried, to recall her to her better self, and rescue her from the
fangs of the hypocrite destroyer.

I will not, at this period of my story, record the artifices I used
to penetrate the asylum of the Tuileries, or give what would be a
tedious account of my stratagems, disappointments, and perseverance.
I at last succeeded in entering these walls, and roamed its halls
and corridors in eager hope to find my selected convert.  In the
evening I contrived to mingle unobserved with the congregation,
which assembled in the chapel to listen to the crafty and eloquent
harangue of their prophet.  I saw Juliet near him. Her dark eyes,
fearfully impressed with the restless glare of madness, were fixed
on him; she held her infant, not yet a year old, in her arms; and
care of it alone could distract her attention from the words to
which she eagerly listened.  After the sermon was over, the
congregation dispersed; all quitted the chapel except she whom I
sought; her babe had fallen asleep; so she placed it on a cushion,
and sat on the floor beside, watching its tranquil slumber.

I presented myself to her; for a moment natural feeling produced a
sentiment of gladness, which disappeared again, when with ardent
and affectionate exhortation I besought her to accompany me in
flight from this den of superstition and misery.  In a moment she
relapsed into the delirium of fanaticism, and, but that her gentle
nature forbade, would have loaded me with execrations.  She
conjured me, she commanded me to leave her--"Beware, O beware," she
cried, "fly while yet your escape is practicable.  Now you are
safe; but strange sounds and inspirations come on me at times, and
if the Eternal should in awful whisper reveal to me his will, that
to save my child you must be sacrificed, I would call in the
satellites of him you call the tyrant; they would tear you limb
from limb; nor would I hallow the death of him whom Idris loved, by
a single tear."

She spoke hurriedly, with tuneless voice, and wild look; her child
awoke, and, frightened, began to cry; each sob went to the ill-
fated mother's heart, and she mingled the epithets of endearment
she addressed to her infant, with angry commands that I should
leave her.  Had I had the means, I would have risked all, have torn
her by force from the murderer's den, and trusted to the healing
balm of reason and affection.  But I had no choice, no power even
of longer struggle; steps were heard along the gallery, and the
voice of the preacher drew near.  Juliet, straining her child in a
close embrace, fled by another passage.  Even then I would have
followed her; but my foe and his satellites entered; I was
surrounded, and taken prisoner.

I remembered the menace of the unhappy Juliet, and expected the
full tempest of the man's vengeance, and the awakened wrath of his
followers, to fall instantly upon me.  I was questioned.  My
answers were simple and sincere.  "His own mouth condemns him,"
exclaimed the impostor; "he confesses that his intention was to
seduce from the way of salvation our well-beloved sister in God;
away with him to the dungeon; to-morrow he dies the death; we are
manifestly called upon to make an example, tremendous and
appalling, to scare the children of sin from our asylum of the

My heart revolted from his hypocritical jargon: but it was unworthy
of me to combat in words with the ruffian; and my answer was cool;
while, far from being possessed with fear, methought, even at the
worst, a man true to himself, courageous and determined, could
fight his way, even from the boards of the scaffold, through the
herd of these misguided maniacs.  "Remember," I said, "who I am;
and be well assured that I shall not die unavenged.  Your legal
magistrate, the Lord Protector, knew of my design, and is aware
that I am here; the cry of blood will reach him, and you and your
miserable victims will long lament the tragedy you are about to

My antagonist did not deign to reply, even by a look;--"You know
your duty," he said to his comrades,--"obey."

In a moment I was thrown on the earth, bound, blindfolded, and
hurried away--liberty of limb and sight was only restored to me,
when, surrounded by dungeon-walls, dark and impervious, I found
myself a prisoner and alone.

Such was the result of my attempt to gain over the proselyte of
this man of crime; I could not conceive that he would dare put me
to death.--Yet I was in his hands; the path of his ambition had
ever been dark and cruel; his power was founded upon fear; the one
word which might cause me to die, unheard, unseen, in the obscurity
of my dungeon, might be easier to speak than the deed of mercy to
act.  He would not risk probably a public execution; but a private
assassination would at once terrify any of my companions from
attempting a like feat, at the same time that a cautious line of
conduct might enable him to avoid the inquiries and the vengeance
of Adrian.

Two months ago, in a vault more obscure than the one I now
inhabited, I had resolved the design of quietly laying me down to
die; now I shuddered at the approach of fate.  My imagination was
busied in shaping forth the kind of death he would inflict.  Would
he allow me to wear out life with famine; or was the food
administered to me to be medicined with death?  Would he steal on
me in my sleep; or should I contend to the last with my murderers,
knowing, even while I struggled, that I must be overcome?  I lived
upon an earth whose diminished population a child's arithmetic
might number; I had lived through long months with death stalking
close at my side, while at intervals the shadow of his skeleton-
shape darkened my path.  I had believed that I despised the grim
phantom, and laughed his power to scorn.

Any other fate I should have met with courage, nay, have gone out
gallantly to encounter.  But to be murdered thus at the midnight
hour by cold-blooded assassins, no friendly hand to close my eyes,
or receive my parting blessing--to die in combat, hate and
execration--ah, why, my angel love, didst thou restore me to life,
when already I had stepped within the portals of the tomb, now that
so soon again I was to be flung back a mangled corpse!

Hours passed--centuries.  Could I give words to the many thoughts
which occupied me in endless succession during this interval, I
should fill volumes.  The air was dank, the dungeon-floor mildewed
and icy cold; hunger came upon me too, and no sound reached me from
without.  To-morrow the ruffian had declared that I should die.
When would to-morrow come?  Was it not already here?

My door was about to be opened.  I heard the key turn, and the bars
and bolts slowly removed.  The opening of intervening passages
permitted sounds from the interior of the palace to reach me; and I
heard the clock strike one.  They come to murder me, I thought;
this hour does not befit a public execution.  I drew myself up
against the wall opposite the entrance; I collected my forces, I
rallied my courage, I would not fall a tame prey.  Slowly the door
receded on its hinges--I was ready to spring forward to seize and
grapple with the intruder, till the sight of who it was changed at
once the temper of my mind.  It was Juliet herself; pale and
trembling she stood, a lamp in her hand, on the threshold of the
dungeon, looking at me with wistful countenance.  But in a moment
she re-assumed her self-possession; and her languid eyes recovered
their brilliancy.  She said, "I am come to save you, Verney."

"And yourself also," I cried:  "dearest friend, can we indeed be

"Not a word," she replied, "follow me!"

I obeyed instantly.  We threaded with light steps many corridors,
ascended several flights of stairs, and passed through long
galleries; at the end of one she unlocked a low portal; a rush of
wind extinguished our lamp; but, in lieu of it, we had the blessed
moon-beams and the open face of heaven.  Then first Juliet spoke:--
"You are safe," she said, "God bless you!--farewell!"

I seized her reluctant hand--"Dear friend," I cried, "misguided
victim, do you not intend to escape with me?  Have you not risked
all in facilitating my flight? and do you think, that I will permit
you to return, and suffer alone the effects of that miscreant's
rage?  Never!"

"Do not fear for me," replied the lovely girl mournfully, "and do
not imagine that without the consent of our chief you could be
without these walls.  It is he that has saved you; he assigned to
me the part of leading you hither, because I am best acquainted
with your motives for coming here, and can best appreciate his
mercy in permitting you to depart."

"And are you," I cried, "the dupe of this man?  He dreads me alive
as an enemy, and dead he fears my avengers.  By favouring this
clandestine escape he preserves a show of consistency to his
followers; but mercy is far from his heart.  Do you forget his
artifices, his cruelty, and fraud?  As I am free, so are you.
Come, Juliet, the mother of our lost Idris will welcome you, the
noble Adrian will rejoice to receive you; you will find peace and
love, and better hopes than fanaticism can afford.  Come, and fear
not; long before day we shall be at Versailles; close the door on
this abode of crime--come, sweet Juliet, from hypocrisy and guilt
to the society of the affectionate and good."

I spoke hurriedly, but with fervour: and while with gentle violence
I drew her from the portal, some thought, some recollection of past
scenes of youth and happiness, made her listen and yield to me;
suddenly she broke away with a piercing shriek:--"My child, my
child! he has my child; my darling girl is my hostage."

She darted from me into the passage; the gate closed between us--
she was left in the fangs of this man of crime, a prisoner, still
to inhale the pestilential atmosphere which adhered to his demoniac
nature; the unimpeded breeze played on my cheek, the moon shone
graciously upon me, my path was free.  Glad to have escaped, yet
melancholy in my very joy, I retrod my steps to Versailles.


Eventful winter passed; winter, the respite of our ills.  By
degrees the sun, which with slant beams had before yielded the more
extended reign to night, lengthened his diurnal journey, and
mounted his highest throne, at once the fosterer of earth's new
beauty, and her lover.  We who, like flies that congregate upon a
dry rock at the ebbing of the tide, had played wantonly with time,
allowing our passions, our hopes, and our mad desires to rule us,
now heard the approaching roar of the ocean of destruction, and
would have fled to some sheltered crevice, before the first wave
broke over us.  We resolved without delay, to commence our journey
to Switzerland; we became eager to leave France.  Under the icy
vaults of the glaciers, beneath the shadow of the pines, the
swinging of whose mighty branches was arrested by a load of snow;
beside the streams whose intense cold proclaimed their origin to be
from the slow-melting piles of congelated waters, amidst frequent
storms which might purify the air, we should find health, if in
truth health were not herself diseased.

We began our preparations at first with alacrity.  We did not now
bid adieu to our native country, to the graves of those we loved,
to the flowers, and streams, and trees, which had lived beside us
from infancy.  Small sorrow would be ours on leaving Paris.  A
scene of shame, when we remembered our late contentions, and
thought that we left behind a flock of miserable, deluded victims,
bending under the tyranny of a selfish impostor.  Small pangs
should we feel in leaving the gardens, woods, and halls of the
palaces of the Bourbons at Versailles, which we feared would soon
be tainted by the dead, when we looked forward to valleys lovelier
than any garden, to mighty forests and halls, built not for mortal
majesty, but palaces of nature's own, with the Alp of marmoreal
whiteness for their walls, the sky for their roof.

Yet our spirits flagged, as the day drew near which we had fixed
for our departure.  Dire visions and evil auguries, if such things
were, thickened around us, so that in vain might men say--

     These are their reasons, they are natural,*

we felt them to be ominous, and dreaded the future event enchained
to them.  That the night owl should screech before the noon-day
sun, that the hard-winged bat should wheel around the bed of
beauty, that muttering thunder should in early spring startle the
cloudless air, that sudden and exterminating blight should fall on
the tree and shrub, were unaccustomed, but physical events, less
horrible than the mental creations of almighty fear.  Some had
sight of funeral processions, and faces all begrimed with tears,
which flitted through the long avenues of the gardens, and drew
aside the curtains of the sleepers at dead of night.  Some heard
wailing and cries in the air; a mournful chaunt would stream
through the dark atmosphere, as if spirits above sang the requiem
of the human race.  What was there in all this, but that fear
created other senses within our frames, making us see, hear, and
feel what was not?  What was this, but the action of diseased
imaginations and childish credulity?  So might it be; but what was
most real, was the existence of these very fears; the staring looks
of horror, the faces pale even to ghastliness, the voices struck
dumb with harrowing dread, of those among us who saw and heard
these things.  Of this number was Adrian, who knew the delusion,
yet could not cast off the clinging terror.  Even ignorant infancy
appeared with timorous shrieks and convulsions to acknowledge the
presence of unseen powers.  We must go: in change of scene, in
occupation, and such security as we still hoped to find, we should
discover a cure for these gathering horrors.

* Shakespeare--Julius Csar.

On mustering our company, we found them to consist of fourteen
hundred souls, men, women, and children.  Until now therefore, we
were undiminished in numbers, except by the desertion of those who
had attached themselves to the impostor-prophet, and remained
behind in Paris.  About fifty French joined us.  Our order of march
was easily arranged; the ill success which had attended our
division, determined Adrian to keep all in one body.  I, with an
hundred men, went forward first as purveyor, taking the road of the
Cte d'Or, through Auxerre, Dijon, Dole, over the Jura to Geneva.
I was to make arrangements, at every ten miles, for the
accommodation of such numbers as I found the town or village would
receive, leaving behind a messenger with a written order,
signifying how many were to be quartered there.  The remainder of
our tribe was then divided into bands of fifty each, every division
containing eighteen men, and the remainder, consisting of women and
children.  Each of these was headed by an officer, who carried the
roll of names, by which they were each day to be mustered.  If the
numbers were divided at night, in the morning those in the van
waited for those in the rear.  At each of the large towns before
mentioned, we were all to assemble; and a conclave of the principal
officers would hold council for the general weal.  I went first, as
I said; Adrian last.  His mother, with Clara and Evelyn under her
protection, remained also with him.  Thus our order being
determined, I departed.  My plan was to go at first no further than
Fontainebleau, where in a few days I should be joined by Adrian,
before I took flight again further eastward.

My friend accompanied me a few miles from Versailles.  He was sad;
and, in a tone of unaccustomed despondency, uttered a prayer for
our speedy arrival among the Alps, accompanied with an expression
of vain regret that we were not already there.  "In that case," I
observed, "we can quicken our march; why adhere to a plan whose
dilatory proceeding you already disapprove?"

"Nay," replied he, "it is too late now.  A month ago, and we were
masters of ourselves; now,--" he turned his face from me; though
gathering twilight had already veiled its expression, he turned it
yet more away, as he added--"a man died of the plague last night!"

He spoke in a smothered voice, then suddenly clasping his hands, he
exclaimed, "Swiftly, most swiftly advances the last hour for us
all; as the stars vanish before the sun, so will his near approach
destroy us.  I have done my best; with grasping hands and impotent
strength, I have hung on the wheel of the chariot of plague; but
she drags me along with it, while, like Juggernaut, she proceeds
crushing out the being of all who strew the high road of life.
Would that it were over--would that her procession achieved, we had
all entered the tomb together!"

Tears streamed from his eyes.  "Again and again," he continued,
"will the tragedy be acted; again I must hear the groans of the
dying, the wailing of the survivors; again witness the pangs,
which, consummating all, envelope an eternity in their evanescent
existence.  Why am I reserved for this?  Why the tainted wether of
the flock, am I not struck to earth among the first?  It is hard,
very hard, for one of woman born to endure all that I endure!"

Hitherto, with an undaunted spirit, and an high feeling of duty and
worth, Adrian had fulfilled his self-imposed task.  I had
contemplated him with reverence, and a fruitless desire of
imitation.  I now offered a few words of encouragement and
sympathy.  He hid his face in his hands, and while he strove to
calm himself, he ejaculated, "For a few months, yet for a few
months more, let not, O God, my heart fail, or my courage be bowed
down; let not sights of intolerable misery madden this half-crazed
brain, or cause this frail heart to beat against its prison-bound,
so that it burst.  I have believed it to be my destiny to guide and
rule the last of the race of man, till death extinguish my
government; and to this destiny I submit.

"Pardon me, Verney, I pain you, but I will no longer complain.  Now
I am myself again, or rather I am better than myself.  You have
known how from my childhood aspiring thoughts and high desires have
warred with inherent disease and overstrained sensitiveness, till
the latter became victors.  You know how I placed this wasted
feeble hand on the abandoned helm of human government.  I have been
visited at times by intervals of fluctuation; yet, until now, I
have felt as if a superior and indefatigable spirit had taken up
its abode within me or rather incorporated itself with my weaker
being.  The holy visitant has for a time slept, perhaps to show me
how powerless I am without its inspiration.  Yet, stay for a while,
O Power of goodness and strength; disdain not yet this rent shrine
of fleshly mortality, O immortal Capability!  While one fellow
creature remains to whom aid can be afforded, stay by and prop your
shattered, falling engine!"

His vehemence, and voice broken by irrepressible sighs, sunk to my
heart; his eyes gleamed in the gloom of night like two earthly
stars; and, his form dilating, his countenance beaming, truly it
almost seemed as if at his eloquent appeal a more than mortal
spirit entered his frame, exalting him above humanity.

He turned quickly towards me, and held out his hand.  "Farewell,
Verney," he cried, "brother of my love, farewell; no other weak
expression must cross these lips, I am alive again: to our tasks,
to our combats with our unvanquishable foe, for to the last I will
struggle against her."

He grasped my hand, and bent a look on me, more fervent and
animated than any smile; then turning his horse's head, he touched
the animal with the spur, and was out of sight in a moment.

A man last night had died of the plague.  The quiver was not
emptied, nor the bow unstrung.  We stood as marks, while Parthian
Pestilence aimed and shot, insatiated by conquest, unobstructed by
the heaps of slain.  A sickness of the soul, contagious even to my
physical mechanism, came over me.  My knees knocked together, my
teeth chattered, the current of my blood, clotted by sudden cold,
painfully forced its way from my heavy heart.  I did not fear for
myself, but it was misery to think that we could not even save this
remnant.  That those I loved might in a few days be as clay-cold as
Idris in her antique tomb; nor could strength of body or energy of
mind ward off the blow.  A sense of degradation came over me.  Did
God create man, merely in the end to become dead earth in the midst
of healthful vegetating nature?  Was he of no more account to his
Maker, than a field of corn blighted in the ear?  Were our proud
dreams thus to fade?  Our name was written "a little lower than the
angels;" and, behold, we were no better than ephemera.  We had
called ourselves the "paragon of animals," and, lo! we were a
"quint-essence of dust."  We repined that the pyramids had
outlasted the embalmed body of their builder.  Alas! the mere
shepherd's hut of straw we passed on the road, contained in its
structure the principle of greater longevity than the whole race of
man.  How reconcile this sad change to our past aspirations, to our
apparent powers!

Sudden an internal voice, articulate and clear, seemed to say:--
Thus from eternity, it was decreed: the steeds that bear Time
onwards had this hour and this fulfilment enchained to them, since
the void brought forth its burthen.  Would you read backwards the
unchangeable laws of Necessity?

Mother of the world!  Servant of the Omnipotent! eternal,
changeless Necessity! who with busy fingers sittest ever weaving
the indissoluble chain of events!--I will not murmur at thy acts.
If my human mind cannot acknowledge that all that is, is right; yet
since what is, must be, I will sit amidst the ruins and smile.
Truly we were not born to enjoy, but to submit, and to hope.

Will not the reader tire, if I should minutely describe our long-
drawn journey from Paris to Geneva?  If, day by day, I should
record, in the form of a journal, the thronging miseries of our
lot, could my hand write, or language afford words to express, the
variety of our woe; the hustling and crowding of one deplorable
event upon another?  Patience, oh reader! whoever thou art,
wherever thou dwellest, whether of race spiritual, or, sprung from
some surviving pair, thy nature will be human, thy habitation the
earth; thou wilt here read of the acts of the extinct race, and
wilt ask wonderingly, if they, who suffered what thou findest
recorded, were of frail flesh and soft organization like thyself.
Most true, they were--weep therefore; for surely, solitary being,
thou wilt be of gentle disposition; shed compassionate tears; but
the while lend thy attention to the tale, and learn the deeds and
sufferings of thy predecessors.

Yet the last events that marked our progress through France were so
full of strange horror and gloomy misery, that I dare not pause too
long in the narration.  If I were to dissect each incident, every
small fragment of a second would contain an harrowing tale, whose
minutest word would curdle the blood in thy young veins.  It is
right that I should erect for thy instruction this monument of the
foregone race; but not that I should drag thee through the wards of
an hospital, nor the secret chambers of the charnel-house.  This
tale, therefore, shall be rapidly unfolded.  Images of destruction,
pictures of despair, the procession of the last triumph of death,
shall be drawn before thee, swift as the rack driven by the north
wind along the blotted splendour of the sky.

Weed-grown fields, desolate towns, the wild approach of riderless
horses had now become habitual to my eyes; nay, sights far worse,
of the unburied dead, and human forms which were strewed on the
road side, and on the steps of once frequented habitations, where,

       Through the flesh that wastes away
     Beneath the parching sun, the whitening bones
     Start forth, and moulder in the sable dust.*

* Elton's Translation of Hesiod's Shield of Hercules.

Sights like these had become--ah, woe the while! so familiar, that
we had ceased to shudder, or spur our stung horses to sudden speed,
as we passed them.  France in its best days, at least that part of
France through which we travelled, had been a cultivated desert,
and the absence of enclosures, of cottages, and even of peasantry,
was saddening to a traveller from sunny Italy, or busy England.
Yet the towns were frequent and lively, and the cordial politeness
and ready smile of the wooden-shoed peasant restored good humour to
the splenetic.  Now, the old woman sat no more at the door with her
distaff--the lank beggar no longer asked charity in courtier-like
phrase; nor on holidays did the peasantry thread with slow grace
the mazes of the dance.  Silence, melancholy bride of death, went
in procession with him from town to town through the spacious

We arrived at Fontainebleau, and speedily prepared for the
reception of our friends.  On mustering our numbers for the night,
three were found missing.  When I enquired for them, the man to
whom I spoke, uttered the word "plague," and fell at my feet in
convulsions; he also was infected.  There were hard faces around
me; for among my troop were sailors who had crossed the line times
unnumbered, soldiers who, in Russia and far America, had suffered
famine, cold and danger, and men still sterner-featured, once
nightly depredators in our over-grown metropolis; men bred from
their cradle to see the whole machine of society at work for their
destruction.  I looked round, and saw upon the faces of all horror
and despair written in glaring characters.

We passed four days at Fontainebleau.  Several sickened and died,
and in the mean time neither Adrian nor any of our friends
appeared.  My own troop was in commotion; to reach Switzerland, to
plunge into rivers of snow, and to dwell in caves of ice, became
the mad desire of all.  Yet we had promised to wait for the Earl;
and he came not.  My people demanded to be led forward--rebellion,
if so we might call what was the mere casting away of straw-formed
shackles, appeared manifestly among them.  They would away on the
word without a leader.  The only chance of safety, the only hope of
preservation from every form of indescribable suffering, was our
keeping together.  I told them this; while the most determined
among them answered with sullenness, that they could take care of
themselves, and replied to my entreaties with scoffs and menaces.

At length, on the fifth day, a messenger arrived from Adrian,
bearing letters, which directed us to proceed to Auxerre, and there
await his arrival, which would only be deferred for a few days.
Such was the tenor of his public letters.  Those privately
delivered to me, detailed at length the difficulties of his
situation, and left the arrangement of my future plans to my own
discretion.  His account of the state of affairs at Versailles was
brief, but the oral communications of his messenger filled up his
omissions, and showed me that perils of the most frightful nature
were gathering around him.  At first the re-awakening of the plague
had been concealed; but the number of deaths increasing, the secret
was divulged, and the destruction already achieved, was exaggerated
by the fears of the survivors.  Some emissaries of the enemy of
mankind, the accursed Impostors.  were among them instilling their
doctrine, that safety and life could only be ensured by submission
to their chief; and they succeeded so well, that soon, instead of
desiring to proceed to Switzerland, the major part of the
multitude, weak-minded women, and dastardly men, desired to return
to Paris, and, by ranging themselves under the banners of the so
called prophet, and by a cowardly worship of the principle of evil,
to purchase respite, as they hoped, from impending death.  The
discord and tumult induced by these conflicting fears and passions,
detained Adrian.  It required all his ardour in pursuit of an
object, and his patience under difficulties, to calm and animate
such a number of his followers, as might counterbalance the panic
of the rest, and lead them back to the means from which alone
safety could be derived.  He had hoped immediately to follow me;
but, being defeated in this intention, he sent his messenger urging
me to secure my own troop at such a distance from Versailles, as to
prevent the contagion of rebellion from reaching them; promising,
at the same time, to join me the moment a favourable occasion
should occur, by means of which he could withdraw the main body of
the emigrants from the evil influence at present exercised over

I was thrown into a most painful state of uncertainty by these
communications.  My first impulse was that we should all return to
Versailles, there to assist in extricating our chief from his
perils.  I accordingly assembled my troop, and proposed to them
this retrograde movement, instead of the continuation of our
journey to Auxerre.  With one voice they refused to comply.  The
notion circulated among them was, that the ravages of the plague
alone detained the Protector; they opposed his order to my request;
they came to a resolve to proceed without me, should I refuse to
accompany them.  Argument and adjuration were lost on these
dastards.  The continual diminution of their own numbers, effected
by pestilence, added a sting to their dislike of delay; and my
opposition only served to bring their resolution to a crisis.  That
same evening they departed towards Auxerre.  Oaths, as from
soldiers to their general, had been taken by them: these they
broke.  I also had engaged myself not to desert them; it appeared
to me inhuman to ground any infraction of my word on theirs.  The
same spirit that caused them to rebel against me, would impel them
to desert each other; and the most dreadful sufferings would be the
consequence of their journey in their present unordered and
chiefless array.  These feelings for a time were paramount; and, in
obedience to them, I accompanied the rest towards Auxerre.

We arrived the same night at Villeneuve-la-Guiard, a town at the
distance of four posts from Fontainebleau.  When my companions had
retired to rest, and I was left alone to revolve and ruminate upon
the intelligence I received of Adrian's situation, another view of
the subject presented itself to me.  What was I doing, and what was
the object of my present movements?  Apparently I was to lead this
troop of selfish and lawless men towards Switzerland, leaving
behind my family and my selected friend, which, subject as they
were hourly to the death that threatened to all, I might never see
again.  Was it not my first duty to assist the Protector, setting
an example of attachment and duty?  At a crisis, such as the one I
had reached, it is very difficult to balance nicely opposing
interests, and that towards which our inclinations lead us,
obstinately assumes the appearance of selfishness, even when we
meditate a sacrifice.  We are easily led at such times to make a
compromise of the question; and this was my present resource.  I
resolved that very night to ride to Versailles; if I found affairs
less desperate than I now deemed them, I would return without delay
to my troop; I had a vague idea that my arrival at that town, would
occasion some sensation more or less strong, of which we might
profit, for the purpose of leading forward the vacillating
multitude--at least no time was to be lost--I visited the stables,
I saddled my favourite horse, and vaulting on his back, without
giving myself time for further reflection or hesitation, quitted
Villeneuve-la-Guiard on my return to Versailles.

I was glad to escape from my rebellious troop, and to lose sight
for a time, of the strife of evil with good, where the former for
ever remained triumphant.  I was stung almost to madness by my
uncertainty concerning the fate of Adrian, and grew reckless of any
event, except what might lose or preserve my unequalled friend.
With an heavy heart, that sought relief in the rapidity of my
course, I rode through the night to Versailles.  I spurred my
horse, who addressed his free limbs to speed, and tossed his
gallant head in pride.  The constellations reeled swiftly by,
swiftly each tree and stone and landmark fled past my onward
career.  I bared my head to the rushing wind, which bathed my brow
in delightful coolness.  As I lost sight of Villeneuve-la-Guiard, I
forgot the sad drama of human misery; methought it was happiness
enough to live, sensitive the while of the beauty of the verdure-
clad earth, the star-bespangled sky, and the tameless wind that
lent animation to the whole.  My horse grew tired--and I, forgetful
of his fatigue, still as he lagged, cheered him with my voice, and
urged him with the spur.  He was a gallant animal, and I did not
wish to exchange him for any chance beast I might light on, leaving
him never to be refound.  All night we went forward; in the morning
he became sensible that we approached Versailles, to reach which as
his home, he mustered his flagging strength.  The distance we had
come was not less than fifty miles, yet he shot down the long
Boulevards swift as an arrow; poor fellow, as I dismounted at the
gate of the castle, he sunk on his knees, his eyes were covered
with a film, he fell on his side, a few gasps inflated his
noble chest, and he died.  I saw him expire with an anguish,
unaccountable even to myself, the spasm was as the wrenching of
some limb in agonizing torture, but it was brief as it was
intolerable.  I forgot him, as I swiftly darted through the open
portal, and up the majestic stairs of this castle of victories--
heard Adrian's voice--O fool!  O woman nurtured, effeminate and
contemptible being--I heard his voice, and answered it with
convulsive shrieks; I rushed into the Hall of Hercules, where he
stood surrounded by a crowd, whose eyes, turned in wonder on me,
reminded me that on the stage of the world, a man must repress such
girlish ecstasies.  I would have given worlds to have embraced him;
I dared not--Half in exhaustion, half voluntarily, I threw myself
at my length on the ground--dare I disclose the truth to the gentle
offspring of solitude?  I did so, that I might kiss the dear and
sacred earth he trod.

I found everything in a state of tumult.  An emissary of the leader
of the elect, had been so worked up by his chief, and by his own
fanatical creed, as to make an attempt on the life of the Protector
and preserver of lost mankind.  His hand was arrested while in the
act of poniarding the Earl; this circumstance had caused the
clamour I heard on my arrival at the castle, and the confused
assembly of persons that I found assembled in the Salle d'Hercule.
Although superstition and demoniac fury had crept among the
emigrants, yet several adhered with fidelity to their noble
chieftain; and many, whose faith and love had been unhinged by
fear, felt all their latent affection rekindled by this detestable
attempt.  A phalanx of faithful breasts closed round him; the
wretch, who, although a prisoner and in bonds, vaunted his design,
and madly claimed the crown of martyrdom, would have been torn to
pieces, had not his intended victim interposed.  Adrian, springing
forward, shielded him with his own person, and commanded with
energy the submission of his infuriate friends--at this moment I
had entered.

Discipline and peace were at length restored in the castle; and
then Adrian went from house to house, from troop to troop, to
soothe the disturbed minds of his followers, and recall them to
their ancient obedience.  But the fear of immediate death was still
rife amongst these survivors of a world's destruction; the horror
occasioned by the attempted assassination, past away; each eye
turned towards Paris.  Men love a prop so well, that they will lean
on a pointed poisoned spear; and such was he, the impostor, who,
with fear of hell for his scourge, most ravenous wolf, played the
driver to a credulous flock.

It was a moment of suspense, that shook even the resolution of the
unyielding friend of man.  Adrian for one moment was about to give
in, to cease the struggle, and quit, with a few adherents, the
deluded crowd, leaving them a miserable prey to their passions, and
to the worse tyrant who excited them.  But again, after a brief
fluctuation of purpose, he resumed his courage and resolves,
sustained by the singleness of his purpose, and the untried spirit
of benevolence which animated him.  At this moment, as an omen of
excellent import, his wretched enemy pulled destruction on his
head, destroying with his own hands the dominion he had erected.

His grand hold upon the minds of men, took its rise from the
doctrine inculcated by him, that those who believed in, and
followed him, were the remnant to be saved, while all the rest of
mankind were marked out for death.  Now, at the time of the Flood,
the omnipotent repented him that he had created man, and as then
with water, now with the arrows of pestilence, was about to
annihilate all, except those who obeyed his decrees, promulgated
by the ipse dixit prophet.  It is impossible to say on what
foundations this man built his hopes of being able to carry on such
an imposture.  It is likely that he was fully aware of the lie
which murderous nature might give to his assertions, and believed
it to be the cast of a die, whether he should in future ages be
reverenced as an inspired delegate from heaven, or be recognized as
an impostor by the present dying generation.  At any rate he
resolved to keep up the drama to the last act.  When, on the first
approach of summer, the fatal disease again made its ravages among
the followers of Adrian, the impostor exultingly proclaimed the
exemption of his own congregation from the universal calamity.  He
was believed; his followers, hitherto shut up in Paris, now came to
Versailles.  Mingling with the coward band there assembled, they
reviled their admirable leader, and asserted their own superiority
and exemption.

At length the plague, slow-footed, but sure in her noiseless
advance, destroyed the illusion, invading the congregation of the
elect, and showering promiscuous death among them.  Their leader
endeavoured to conceal this event; he had a few followers, who,
admitted into the arcana of his wickedness, could help him in the
execution of his nefarious designs.  Those who sickened were
immediately and quietly withdrawn, the cord and a midnight-grave
disposed of them for ever; while some plausible excuse was given
for their absence.  At last a female, whose maternal vigilance
subdued even the effects of the narcotics administered to her,
became a witness of their murderous designs on her only child.  Mad
with horror, she would have burst among her deluded fellow-victims,
and, wildly shrieking, have awaked the dull ear of night with the
history of the fiend-like crime; when the Impostor, in his last act
of rage and desperation, plunged a poniard in her bosom.  Thus
wounded to death, her garments dripping with her own life-blood,
bearing her strangled infant in her arms, beautiful and young as
she was, Juliet, (for it was she) denounced to the host of deceived
believers, the wickedness of their leader.  He saw the aghast looks
of her auditors, changing from horror to fury--the names of those
already sacrificed were echoed by their relatives, now assured of
their loss.  The wretch with that energy of purpose, which had
borne him thus far in his guilty career, saw his danger, and
resolved to evade the worst forms of it--he rushed on one of the
foremost, seized a pistol from his girdle, and his loud laugh of
derision mingled with the report of the weapon with which he
destroyed himself.

They left his miserable remains even where they lay; they placed
the corpse of poor Juliet and her babe upon a bier, and all, with
hearts subdued to saddest regret, in long procession walked towards
Versailles.  They met troops of those who had quitted the kindly
protection of Adrian, and were journeying to join the fanatics.
The tale of horror was recounted--all turned back; and thus at
last, accompanied by the undiminished numbers of surviving
humanity, and preceded by the mournful emblem of their recovered
reason, they appeared before Adrian, and again and for ever vowed
obedience to his commands, and fidelity to his cause.


These events occupied so much time, that June had numbered more
than half its days, before we again commenced our long-protracted
journey.  The day after my return to Versailles, six men, from
among those I had left at Villeneuve-la-Guiard, arrived, with
intelligence, that the rest of the troop had already proceeded
towards Switzerland.  We went forward in the same track.

It is strange, after an interval of time, to look back on a period,
which, though short in itself, appeared, when in actual progress,
to be drawn out interminably.  By the end of July we entered Dijon;
by the end of July those hours, days, and weeks had mingled with
the ocean of forgotten time, which in their passage teemed with
fatal events and agonizing sorrow.  By the end of July, little more
than a month had gone by, if man's life were measured by the rising
and setting of the sun: but, alas! in that interval ardent youth
had become grey-haired; furrows deep and inerasable were trenched
in the blooming cheek of the young mother; the elastic limbs of
early manhood, paralyzed as by the burthen of years, assumed the
decrepitude of age.  Nights passed, during whose fatal darkness the
sun grew old before it rose; and burning days, to cool whose
baleful heat the balmy eve, lingering far in eastern climes, came
lagging and ineffectual; days, in which the dial, radiant in its
noon-day station, moved not its shadow the space of a little hour,
until a whole life of sorrow had brought the sufferer to an
untimely grave.

We departed from Versailles fifteen hundred souls.  We set out on
the eighteenth of June.  We made a long procession, in which was
contained every dear relationship, or tie of love, that existed in
human society.  Fathers and husbands, with guardian care, gathered
their dear relatives around them; wives and mothers looked for
support to the manly form beside them, and then with tender anxiety
bent their eyes on the infant troop around.  They were sad, but not
hopeless.  Each thought that someone would be saved; each, with
that pertinacious optimism, which to the last characterised our
human nature, trusted that their beloved family would be the one

We passed through France, and found it empty of inhabitants.  Some
one or two natives survived in the larger towns, which they roamed
through like ghosts; we received therefore small increase to our
numbers, and such decrease through death, that at last it became
easier to count the scanty list of survivors.  As we never deserted
any of the sick, until their death permitted us to commit their
remains to the shelter of a grave, our journey was long, while
every day a frightful gap was made in our troop--they died by tens,
by fifties, by hundreds.  No mercy was shown by death; we ceased to
expect it, and every day welcomed the sun with the feeling that we
might never see it rise again.

The nervous terrors and fearful visions which had scared us during
the spring, continued to visit our coward troop during this sad
journey.  Every evening brought its fresh creation of spectres; a
ghost was depicted by every blighted tree; and appalling shapes
were manufactured from each shaggy bush.  By degrees these common
marvels palled on us, and then other wonders were called into
being.  Once it was confidently asserted, that the sun rose an hour
later than its seasonable time; again it was discovered that he
grew paler and paler; that shadows took an uncommon appearance.  It
was impossible to have imagined, during the usual calm routine of
life men had before experienced, the terrible effects produced by
these extravagant delusions: in truth, of such little worth are our
senses, when unsupported by concurring testimony, that it was with
the utmost difficulty I kept myself free from the belief in
supernatural events, to which the major part of our people readily
gave credit.  Being one sane amidst a crowd of the mad, I hardly
dared assert to my own mind, that the vast luminary had undergone
no change--that the shadows of night were unthickened by
innumerable shapes of awe and terror; or that the wind, as it sung
in the trees, or whistled round an empty building, was not pregnant
with sounds of wailing and despair.  Sometimes realities took
ghostly shapes; and it was impossible for one's blood not to curdle
at the perception of an evident mixture of what we knew to be true,
with the visionary semblance of all that we feared.

Once, at the dusk of the evening, we saw a figure all in white,
apparently of more than human stature, flourishing about the road,
now throwing up its arms, now leaping to an astonishing height in
the air, then turning round several times successively, then
raising itself to its full height and gesticulating violently.  Our
troop, on the alert to discover and believe in the supernatural,
made a halt at some distance from this shape; and, as it became
darker, there was something appalling even to the incredulous, in
the lonely spectre, whose gambols, if they hardly accorded with
spiritual dignity, were beyond human powers.  Now it leapt right up
in the air, now sheer over a high hedge, and was again the moment
after in the road before us.  By the time I came up, the fright
experienced by the spectators of this ghostly exhibition, began to
manifest itself in the flight of some, and the close huddling
together of the rest.  Our goblin now perceived us; he approached,
and, as we drew reverentially back, made a low bow.  The sight was
irresistibly ludicrous even to our hapless band, and his politeness
was hailed by a shout of laughter;--then, again springing up, as a
last effort, it sunk to the ground, and became almost invisible
through the dusky night.  This circumstance again spread silence
and fear through the troop; the more courageous at length advanced,
and, raising the dying wretch, discovered the tragic explanation of
this wild scene.  It was an opera-dancer, and had been one of the
troop which deserted from Villeneuve-la-Guiard: falling sick, he
had been deserted by his companions; in an access of delirium he
had fancied himself on the stage, and, poor fellow, his dying sense
eagerly accepted the last human applause that could ever be
bestowed on his grace and agility.

At another time we were haunted for several days by an apparition,
to which our people gave the appellation of the Black Spectre.  We
never saw it except at evening, when his coal black steed, his
mourning dress, and plume of black feathers, had a majestic and awe-
striking appearance; his face, one said, who had seen it for a
moment, was ashy pale; he had lingered far behind the rest of his
troop, and suddenly at a turn in the road, saw the Black Spectre
coming towards him; he hid himself in fear, and the horse and his
rider slowly past, while the moonbeams fell on the face of the
latter, displaying its unearthly hue.  Sometimes at dead of night,
as we watched the sick, we heard one galloping through the town; it
was the Black Spectre come in token of inevitable death.  He grew
giant tall to vulgar eyes; an icy atmosphere, they said, surrounded
him; when he was heard, all animals shuddered, and the dying knew
that their last hour was come.  It was Death himself, they
declared, come visibly to seize on subject earth, and quell at once
our decreasing numbers, sole rebels to his law.  One day at noon,
we saw a dark mass on the road before us, and, coming up, beheld
the Black Spectre fallen from his horse, lying in the agonies of
disease upon the ground.  He did not survive many hours; and his
last words disclosed the secret of his mysterious conduct.  He was
a French noble of distinction, who, from the effects of plague, had
been left alone in his district; during many months, he had
wandered from town to town, from province to province, seeking some
survivor for a companion, and abhorring the loneliness to which he
was condemned.  When he discovered our troop, fear of contagion
conquered his love of society.  He dared not join us, yet he could
not resolve to lose sight of us, sole human beings who besides
himself existed in wide and fertile France; so he accompanied us in
the spectral guise I have described, till pestilence gathered him
to a larger congregation, even that of Dead Mankind.

It had been well, if such vain terrors could have distracted our
thoughts from more tangible evils.  But these were too dreadful and
too many not to force themselves into every thought, every moment,
of our lives.  We were obliged to halt at different periods for
days together, till another and yet another was consigned as a clod
to the vast clod which had been once our living mother.  Thus we
continued travelling during the hottest season; and it was not till
the first of August, that we, the emigrants,--reader, there were
just eighty of us in number,--entered the gates of Dijon.

We had expected this moment with eagerness, for now we had
accomplished the worst part of our drear journey, and Switzerland
was near at hand.  Yet how could we congratulate ourselves on any
event thus imperfectly fulfilled?  Were these miserable beings,
who, worn and wretched, passed in sorrowful procession, the sole
remnants of the race of man, which, like a flood, had once spread
over and possessed the whole earth?  It had come down clear and
unimpeded from its primal mountain source in Ararat, and grew from
a puny streamlet to a vast perennial river, generation after
generation flowing on ceaselessly.  The same, but diversified, it
grew, and swept onwards towards the absorbing ocean, whose dim
shores we now reached.  It had been the mere plaything of nature,
when first it crept out of uncreative void into light; but thought
brought forth power and knowledge; and, clad with these, the race
of man assumed dignity and authority.  It was then no longer the
mere gardener of earth, or the shepherd of her flocks; "it carried
with it an imposing and majestic aspect; it had a pedigree and
illustrious ancestors; it had its gallery of portraits, its
monumental inscriptions, its records and titles."*

* Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution.

This was all over, now that the ocean of death had sucked in the
slackening tide, and its source was dried up.  We first had bidden
adieu to the state of things which having existed many thousand
years, seemed eternal; such a state of government, obedience,
traffic, and domestic intercourse, as had moulded our hearts and
capacities, as far back as memory could reach.  Then to patriotic
zeal, to the arts, to reputation, to enduring fame, to the name of
country, we had bidden farewell.  We saw depart all hope of
retrieving our ancient state--all expectation, except the feeble
one of saving our individual lives from the wreck of the past.  To
preserve these we had quitted England--England, no more; for
without her children, what name could that barren island claim?
With tenacious grasp we clung to such rule and order as could best
save us; trusting that, if a little colony could be preserved, that
would suffice at some remoter period to restore the lost community
of mankind.

But the game is up!  We must all die; nor leave survivor nor heir
to the wide inheritance of earth.  We must all die!  The species of
man must perish; his frame of exquisite workmanship; the wondrous
mechanism of his senses; the noble proportion of his godlike limbs;
his mind, the throned king of these; must perish.  Will the earth
still keep her place among the planets; will she still journey with
unmarked regularity round the sun; will the seasons change, the
trees adorn themselves with leaves, and flowers shed their
fragrance, in solitude?  Will the mountains remain unmoved, and
streams still keep a downward course towards the vast abyss; will
the tides rise and fall, and the winds fan universal nature; will
beasts pasture, birds fly, and fishes swim, when man, the lord,
possessor, perceiver, and recorder of all these things, has passed
away, as though he had never been?  O, what mockery is this!
Surely death is not death, and humanity is not extinct; but merely
passed into other shapes, unsubjected to our perceptions.  Death is
a vast portal, an high road to life: let us hasten to pass; let us
exist no more in this living death, but die that we may live!

We had longed with inexpressible earnestness to reach Dijon, since
we had fixed on it, as a kind of station in our progress.  But now
we entered it with a torpor more painful than acute suffering.  We
had come slowly but irrevocably to the opinion, that our utmost
efforts would not preserve one human being alive.  We took our
hands therefore away from the long grasped rudder; and the frail
vessel on which we floated, seemed, the government over her
suspended, to rush, prow foremost, into the dark abyss of the
billows.  A gush of grief, a wanton profusion of tears, and vain
laments, and overflowing tenderness, and passionate but fruitless
clinging to the priceless few that remained, was followed by
languor and recklessness.

During this disastrous journey we lost all those, not of our own
family, to whom we had particularly attached ourselves among the
survivors.  It were not well to fill these pages with a mere
catalogue of losses; yet I cannot refrain from this last mention of
those principally dear to us.  The little girl whom Adrian had
rescued from utter desertion, during our ride through London on the
twentieth of November, died at Auxerre.  The poor child had
attached herself greatly to us; and the suddenness of her death
added to our sorrow.  In the morning we had seen her apparently in
health--in the evening, Lucy, before we retired to rest, visited
our quarters to say that she was dead.  Poor Lucy herself only
survived, till we arrived at Dijon.  She had devoted herself
throughout to the nursing the sick, and attending the friendless.
Her excessive exertions brought on a slow fever, which ended in the
dread disease whose approach soon released her from her sufferings.
She had throughout been endeared to us by her good qualities, by
her ready and cheerful execution of every duty, and mild
acquiescence in every turn of adversity.  When we consigned her to
the tomb, we seemed at the same time to bid a final adieu to those
peculiarly feminine virtues conspicuous in her; uneducated and
unpretending as she was, she was distinguished for patience,
forbearance, and sweetness.  These, with all their train of
qualities peculiarly English, would never again be revived for us.
This type of all that was most worthy of admiration in her class
among my countrywomen, was placed under the sod of desert France;
and it was as a second separation from our country to have lost
sight of her for ever.

The Countess of Windsor died during our abode at Dijon.  One
morning I was informed that she wished to see me.  Her message made
me remember, that several days had elapsed since I had last seen
her.  Such a circumstance had often occurred during our journey,
when I remained behind to watch to their close the last moments of
some one of our hapless comrades, and the rest of the troop past on
before me.  But there was something in the manner of her messenger,
that made me suspect that all was not right.  A caprice of the
imagination caused me to conjecture that some ill had occurred to
Clara or Evelyn, rather than to this aged lady.  Our fears, for
ever on the stretch, demanded a nourishment of horror; and it
seemed too natural an occurrence, too like past times, for the old
to die before the young.

I found the venerable mother of my Idris lying on a couch, her tall
emaciated figure stretched out; her face fallen away, from which
the nose stood out in sharp profile, and her large dark eyes,
hollow and deep, gleamed with such light as may edge a thunder
cloud at sun-set.  All was shrivelled and dried up, except these
lights; her voice too was fearfully changed, as she spoke to me at
intervals.  "I am afraid," said she, "that it is selfish in me to
have asked you to visit the old woman again, before she dies: yet
perhaps it would have been a greater shock to hear suddenly that I
was dead, than to see me first thus."

I clasped her shrivelled hand:  "Are you indeed so ill?" I asked.

"Do you not perceive death in my face," replied she, "it is
strange; I ought to have expected this, and yet I confess it has
taken me unaware.  I never clung to life, or enjoyed it, till these
last months, while among those I senselessly deserted: and it is
hard to be snatched immediately away.  I am glad, however, that I
am not a victim of the plague; probably I should have died at this
hour, though the world had continued as it was in my youth."

She spoke with difficulty, and I perceived that she regretted the
necessity of death, even more than she cared to confess.  Yet she
had not to complain of an undue shortening of existence; her faded
person showed that life had naturally spent itself.  We had been
alone at first; now Clara entered; the Countess turned to her with
a smile, and took the hand of this lovely child; her roseate palm
and snowy fingers, contrasted with relaxed fibres and yellow hue of
those of her aged friend; she bent to kiss her, touching her
withered mouth with the warm, full lips of youth.  "Verney," said
the Countess, "I need not recommend this dear girl to you, for your
own sake you will preserve her.  Were the world as it was, I should
have a thousand sage precautions to impress, that one so sensitive,
good, and beauteous, might escape the dangers that used to lurk for
the destruction of the fair and excellent.  This is all nothing

"I commit you, my kind nurse, to your uncle's care; to yours I
entrust the dearest relic of my better self.  Be to Adrian, sweet
one, what you have been to me--enliven his sadness with your
sprightly sallies; sooth his anguish by your sober and inspired
converse, when he is dying; nurse him as you have done me."

Clara burst into tears; "Kind girl," said the Countess, "do not
weep for me.  Many dear friends are left to you."

"And yet," cried Clara, "you talk of their dying also.  This is
indeed cruel--how could I live, if they were gone?  If it were
possible for my beloved protector to die before me, I could not
nurse him; I could only die too."

The venerable lady survived this scene only twenty-four hours.  She
was the last tie binding us to the ancient state of things.  It was
impossible to look on her, and not call to mind in their wonted
guise, events and persons, as alien to our present situation as the
disputes of Themistocles and Aristides, or the wars of the two
roses in our native land.  The crown of England had pressed her
brow; the memory of my father and his misfortunes, the vain
struggles of the late king, the images of Raymond, Evadne, and
Perdita, who had lived in the world's prime, were brought vividly
before us.  We consigned her to the oblivious tomb with reluctance;
and when I turned from her grave, Janus veiled his retrospective
face; that which gazed on future generations had long lost its

After remaining a week at Dijon, until thirty of our number
deserted the vacant ranks of life, we continued our way towards
Geneva.  At noon on the second day we arrived at the foot of Jura.
We halted here during the heat of the day.  Here fifty human beings--
fifty, the only human beings that survived of the food-teeming
earth, assembled to read in the looks of each other ghastly plague,
or wasting sorrow, desperation, or worse, carelessness of future or
present evil.  Here we assembled at the foot of this mighty wall of
mountain, under a spreading walnut tree; a brawling stream
refreshed the green sward by its sprinkling; and the busy
grasshopper chirped among the thyme.  We clustered together a group
of wretched sufferers.  A mother cradled in her enfeebled arms the
child, last of many, whose glazed eye was about to close for ever.
Here beauty, late glowing in youthful lustre and consciousness, now
wan and neglected, knelt fanning with uncertain motion the beloved,
who lay striving to paint his features, distorted by illness, with
a thankful smile.  There an hard-featured, weather-worn veteran,
having prepared his meal, sat, his head dropped on his breast, the
useless knife falling from his grasp, his limbs utterly relaxed, as
thought of wife and child, and dearest relative, all lost, passed
across his recollection.  There sat a man who for forty years had
basked in fortune's tranquil sunshine; he held the hand of his last
hope, his beloved daughter, who had just attained womanhood; and he
gazed on her with anxious eyes, while she tried to rally her
fainting spirit to comfort him.  Here a servant, faithful to the
last, though dying, waited on one, who, though still erect with
health, gazed with gasping fear on the variety of woe around.

Adrian stood leaning against a tree; he held a book in his hand,
but his eye wandered from the pages, and sought mine; they mingled
a sympathetic glance; his looks confessed that his thoughts had
quitted the inanimate print, for pages more pregnant with meaning,
more absorbing, spread out before him.  By the margin of the
stream, apart from all, in a tranquil nook, where the purling brook
kissed the green sward gently, Clara and Evelyn were at play,
sometimes beating the water with large boughs, sometimes watching
the summer-flies that sported upon it.  Evelyn now chased a
butterfly--now gathered a flower for his cousin; and his laughing
cherub-face and clear brow told of the light heart that beat in his
bosom.  Clara, though she endeavoured to give herself up to his
amusement, often forgot him, as she turned to observe Adrian and
me.  She was now fourteen, and retained her childish appearance,
though in height a woman; she acted the part of the tenderest
mother to my little orphan boy; to see her playing with him, or
attending silently and submissively on our wants, you thought only
of her admirable docility and patience; but, in her soft eyes, and
the veined curtains that veiled them, in the clearness of her
marmoreal brow, and the tender expression of her lips, there was an
intelligence and beauty that at once excited admiration and love.

When the sun had sunk towards the precipitate west, and the evening
shadows grew long, we prepared to ascend the mountain.  The
attention that we were obliged to pay to the sick, made our
progress slow.  The winding road, though steep, presented a
confined view of rocky fields and hills, each hiding the other,
till our farther ascent disclosed them in succession.  We were
seldom shaded from the declining sun, whose slant beams were
instinct with exhausting heat.  There are times when minor
difficulties grow gigantic--times, when as the Hebrew poet
expressively terms it, "the grasshopper is a burthen;" so was it
with our ill fated party this evening.  Adrian, usually the first
to rally his spirits, and dash foremost into fatigue and hardship,
with relaxed limbs and declined head, the reins hanging loosely in
his grasp, left the choice of the path to the instinct of his
horse, now and then painfully rousing himself, when the steepness
of the ascent required that he should keep his seat with better
care.  Fear and horror encompassed me.  Did his languid air attest
that he also was struck with contagion?  How long, when I look on
this matchless specimen of mortality, may I perceive that his
thought answers mine? how long will those limbs obey the kindly
spirit within? how long will light and life dwell in the eyes of
this my sole remaining friend?  Thus pacing slowly, each hill
surmounted, only presented another to be ascended; each jutting
corner only discovered another, sister to the last, endlessly.
Sometimes the pressure of sickness in one among us, caused the
whole cavalcade to halt; the call for water, the eagerly expressed
wish to repose; the cry of pain, and suppressed sob of the mourner--
such were the sorrowful attendants of our passage of the Jura.

Adrian had gone first.  I saw him, while I was detained by the
loosening of a girth, struggling with the upward path, seemingly
more difficult than any we had yet passed.  He reached the top, and
the dark outline of his figure stood in relief against the sky.  He
seemed to behold something unexpected and wonderful; for, pausing,
his head stretched out, his arms for a moment extended, he seemed
to give an All Hail! to some new vision.  Urged by curiosity, I
hurried to join him.  After battling for many tedious minutes with
the precipice, the same scene presented itself to me, which had
wrapt him in ecstatic wonder.

Nature, or nature's favourite, this lovely earth, presented her
most unrivalled beauties in resplendent and sudden exhibition.
Below, far, far below, even as it were in the yawning abyss of the
ponderous globe, lay the placid and azure expanse of lake Leman;
vine-covered hills hedged it in, and behind dark mountains in cone-
like shape, or irregular cyclopean wall, served for further
defence.  But beyond, and high above all, as if the spirits of the
air had suddenly unveiled their bright abodes, placed in scaleless
altitude in the stainless sky, heaven-kissing, companions of the
unattainable ether, were the glorious Alps, clothed in dazzling
robes of light by the setting sun.  And, as if the world's wonders
were never to be exhausted, their vast immensities, their jagged
crags, and roseate painting, appeared again in the lake below,
dipping their proud heights beneath the unruffled waves--palaces
for the Naiads of the placid waters.  Towns and villages lay
scattered at the foot of Jura, which, with dark ravine, and black
promontories, stretched its roots into the watery expanse beneath.
Carried away by wonder, I forgot the death of man, and the living
and beloved friend near me.  When I turned, I saw tears streaming
from his eyes; his thin hands pressed one against the other, his
animated countenance beaming with admiration; "Why," cried he, at
last, "Why, oh heart, whisperest thou of grief to me?  Drink in the
beauty of that scene, and possess delight beyond what a fabled
paradise could afford."

By degrees, our whole party surmounting the steep, joined us, not
one among them, but gave visible tokens of admiration, surpassing
any before experienced.  One cried, "God reveals his heaven to us;
we may die blessed."  Another and another, with broken exclamations,
and extravagant phrases, endeavoured to express the intoxicating
effect of this wonder of nature.  So we remained awhile, lightened
of the pressing burthen of fate, forgetful of death, into whose
night we were about to plunge; no longer reflecting that our eyes
now and for ever were and would be the only ones which might
perceive the divine magnificence of this terrestrial exhibition.
An enthusiastic transport, akin to happiness, burst, like a sudden
ray from the sun, on our darkened life.  Precious attribute of woe-
worn humanity! that can snatch ecstatic emotion, even from under the
very share and harrow, that ruthlessly ploughs up and lays waste
every hope.

This evening was marked by another event.  Passing through Ferney
in our way to Geneva, unaccustomed sounds of music arose from the
rural church which stood embosomed in trees, surrounded by
smokeless, vacant cottages.  The peal of an organ with rich swell
awoke the mute air, lingering along, and mingling with the intense
beauty that clothed the rocks and woods, and waves around.

Music--the language of the immortals, disclosed to us as testimony
of their existence--music, "silver key of the fountain of tears,"
child of love, soother of grief, inspirer of heroism and radiant
thoughts, O music, in this our desolation, we had forgotten thee!
Nor pipe at eve cheered us, nor harmony of voice, nor linked thrill
of string; thou camest upon us now, like the revealing of other
forms of being; and transported as we had been by the loveliness of
nature, fancying that we beheld the abode of spirits, now we might
well imagine that we heard their melodious communings.  We paused
in such awe as would seize on a pale votarist, visiting some holy
shrine at midnight; if she beheld animated and smiling, the image
which she worshipped.  We all stood mute; many knelt.  In a few
minutes however, we were recalled to human wonder and sympathy by a
familiar strain.  The air was Haydn's "New-Created World," and, old
and drooping as humanity had become, the world yet fresh as at
creation's day, might still be worthily celebrated by such an hymn
of praise.  Adrian and I entered the church; the nave was empty,
though the smoke of incense rose from the altar, bringing with it
the recollection of vast congregations, in once thronged
cathedrals; we went into the loft.  A blind old man sat at the
bellows; his whole soul was ear; and as he sat in the attitude of
attentive listening, a bright glow of pleasure was diffused over
his countenance; for, though his lack-lustre eye could not reflect
the beam, yet his parted lips, and every line of his face and
venerable brow spoke delight.  A young woman sat at the keys,
perhaps twenty years of age.  Her auburn hair hung on her neck, and
her fair brow shone in its own beauty; but her drooping eyes let
fall fast-flowing tears, while the constraint she exercised to
suppress her sobs, and still her trembling, flushed her else pale
cheek; she was thin; languor, and alas! sickness, bent her form.

We stood looking at the pair, forgetting what we heard in the
absorbing sight; till, the last chord struck, the peal died away in
lessening reverberations.  The mighty voice, inorganic we might
call it, for we could in no way associate it with mechanism of pipe
or key, stilled its sonorous tone, and the girl, turning to lend
her assistance to her aged companion, at length perceived us.

It was her father; and she, since childhood, had been the guide of
his darkened steps.  They were Germans from Saxony, and, emigrating
thither but a few years before, had formed new ties with the
surrounding villagers.  About the time that the pestilence had
broken out, a young German student had joined them.  Their simple
history was easily divined.  He, a noble, loved the fair daughter
of the poor musician, and followed them in their flight from the
persecutions of his friends; but soon the mighty leveller came with
unblunted scythe to mow, together with the grass, the tall flowers
of the field.  The youth was an early victim.  She preserved
herself for her father's sake.  His blindness permitted her to
continue a delusion, at first the child of accident--and now
solitary beings, sole survivors in the land, he remained
unacquainted with the change, nor was aware that when he listened
to his child's music, the mute mountains, senseless lake, and
unconscious trees, were, himself excepted, her sole auditors.

The very day that we arrived she had been attacked by symptomatic
illness.  She was paralyzed with horror at the idea of leaving her
aged, sightless father alone on the empty earth; but she had not
courage to disclose the truth, and the very excess of her
desperation animated her to surpassing exertions.  At the
accustomed vesper hour, she led him to the chapel; and, though
trembling and weeping on his account, she played, without fault in
time, or error in note, the hymn written to celebrate the creation
of the adorned earth, soon to be her tomb.

We came to her like visitors from heaven itself; her high-wrought
courage; her hardly sustained firmness, fled with the appearance of
relief.  With a shriek she rushed towards us, embraced the knees of
Adrian, and uttering but the words, "O save my father!" with sobs
and hysterical cries, opened the long-shut floodgates of her woe.

Poor girl!--she and her father now lie side by side, beneath the
high walnut-tree where her lover reposes, and which in her dying
moments she had pointed out to us.  Her father, at length aware of
his daughter's danger, unable to see the changes of her dear
countenance, obstinately held her hand, till it was chilled and
stiffened by death.  Nor did he then move or speak, till, twelve
hours after, kindly death took him to his breakless repose.  They
rest beneath the sod, the tree their monument;--the hallowed spot
is distinct in my memory, paled in by craggy Jura, and the far,
immeasurable Alps; the spire of the church they frequented still
points from out the embosoming trees; and though her hand be cold,
still methinks the sounds of divine music which they loved wander
about, solacing their gentle ghosts.


We had now reached Switzerland, so long the final mark and aim of
our exertions.  We had looked, I know not wherefore, with hope and
pleasing expectation on her congregation of hills and snowy crags,
and opened our bosoms with renewed spirits to the icy Biz, which
even at Midsummer used to come from the northern glacier laden with
cold.  Yet how could we nourish expectation of relief?  Like our
native England, and the vast extent of fertile France, this
mountain-embowered land was desolate of its inhabitants.  Nor bleak
mountain-top, nor snow-nourished rivulet; not the ice-laden Biz,
nor thunder, the tamer of contagion, had preserved them--why
therefore should we claim exemption?

Who was there indeed to save?  What troop had we brought fit to
stand at bay, and combat with the conqueror?  We were a failing
remnant, tamed to mere submission to the coming blow.  A train half
dead, through fear of death--a hopeless, unresisting, almost
reckless crew, which, in the tossed bark of life, had given up all
pilotage, and resigned themselves to the destructive force of
ungoverned winds.  Like a few furrows of unreaped corn, which, left
standing on a wide field after the rest is gathered to the garner,
are swiftly borne down by the winter storm.  Like a few straggling
swallows, which, remaining after their fellows had, on the first
unkind breath of passing autumn, migrated to genial climes, were
struck to earth by the first frost of November.  Like a stray sheep
that wanders over the sleet-beaten hill-side, while the flock is in
the pen, and dies before morning-dawn.  Like a cloud, like one of
many that were spread in impenetrable woof over the sky, which,
when the shepherd north has driven its companions "to drink
Antipodean noon," fades and dissolves in the clear ether--Such were

We left the fair margin of the beauteous lake of Geneva, and
entered the Alpine ravines; tracing to its source the brawling
Arve, through the rock-bound valley of Servox, beside the mighty
waterfalls, and under the shadow of the inaccessible mountains, we
travelled on; while the luxuriant walnut-tree gave place to the
dark pine, whose musical branches swung in the wind, and whose
upright forms had braved a thousand storms--till the verdant sod,
the flowery dell, and shrubbery hill were exchanged for the sky-
piercing, untrodden, seedless rock, "the bones of the world,
waiting to be clothed with every thing necessary to give life and
beauty."*  Strange that we should seek shelter here!  Surely, if,
in those countries where earth was wont, like a tender mother, to
nourish her children, we had found her a destroyer, we need not
seek it here, where stricken by keen penury she seems to shudder
through her stony veins.  Nor were we mistaken in our conjecture.
We vainly sought the vast and ever moving glaciers of Chamonix,
rifts of pendant ice, seas of congelated waters, the leafless
groves of tempest-battered pines, dells, mere paths for the loud
avalanche, and hill-tops, the resort of thunder-storms.  Pestilence
reigned paramount even here.  By the time that day and night, like
twin sisters of equal growth, shared equally their dominion over
the hours, one by one, beneath the ice-caves, beside the waters
springing from the thawed snows of a thousand winters, another and
yet another of the remnant of the race of Man, closed their eyes
for ever to the light.

* Mary Wollstonecraft's Letters from Norway.

Yet we were not quite wrong in seeking a scene like this, whereon
to close the drama.  Nature, true to the last, consoled us in the
very heart of misery.  Sublime grandeur of outward objects soothed
our hapless hearts, and were in harmony with our desolation.  Many
sorrows have befallen man during his chequered course; and many a
woe-stricken mourner has found himself sole survivor among many.
Our misery took its majestic shape and colouring from the vast
ruin, that accompanied and made one with it.  Thus on lovely earth,
many a dark ravine contains a brawling stream, shadowed by romantic
rocks, threaded by mossy paths--but all, except this, wanted the
mighty back-ground, the towering Alps, whose snowy capes, or bared
ridges, lifted us from our dull mortal abode, to the palaces of
Nature's own.

This solemn harmony of event and situation regulated our feelings,
and gave as it were fitting costume to our last act.  Majestic
gloom and tragic pomp attended the decease of wretched humanity.
The funeral procession of monarchs of old, was transcended by our
splendid shows.  Near the sources of the Arveiron we performed the
rites for, four only excepted, the last of the species.  Adrian and
I, leaving Clara and Evelyn wrapt in peaceful unobserving slumber,
carried the body to this desolate spot, and placed it in those
caves of ice beneath the glacier, which rive and split with the
slightest sound, and bring destruction on those within the clefts--
no bird or beast of prey could here profane the frozen form.  So,
with hushed steps and in silence, we placed the dead on a bier of
ice, and then, departing, stood on the rocky platform beside the
river springs.  All hushed as we had been, the very striking of the
air with our persons had sufficed to disturb the repose of this
thawless region; and we had hardly left the cavern, before vast
blocks of ice, detaching themselves from the roof, fell, and
covered the human image we had deposited within.  We had chosen a
fair moonlight night, but our journey thither had been long, and
the crescent sank behind the western heights by the time we had
accomplished our purpose.  The snowy mountains and blue glaciers
shone in their own light.  The rugged and abrupt ravine, which
formed one side of Mont Anvert, was opposite to us, the glacier at
our side; at our feet Arveiron, white and foaming, dashed over the
pointed rocks that jutted into it, and, with whirring spray and
ceaseless roar, disturbed the stilly night.  Yellow lightnings
played around the vast dome of Mont Blanc, silent as the snow-clad
rock they illuminated; all was bare, wild, and sublime, while the
singing of the pines in melodious murmurings added a gentle
interest to the rough magnificence.  Now the riving and fall of icy
rocks clave the air; now the thunder of the avalanche burst on our
ears.  In countries whose features are of less magnitude, nature
betrays her living powers in the foliage of the trees, in the
growth of herbage, in the soft purling of meandering streams; here,
endowed with giant attributes, the torrent, the thunder-storm, and
the flow of massive waters, display her activity.  Such the church-
yard, such the requiem, such the eternal congregation, that waited
on our companion's funeral!

Nor was it the human form alone which we had placed in this eternal
sepulchre, whose obsequies we now celebrated.  With this last
victim Plague vanished from the earth.  Death had never wanted
weapons wherewith to destroy life, and we, few and weak as we had
become, were still exposed to every other shaft with which his full
quiver teemed.  But pestilence was absent from among them.  For
seven years it had had full sway upon earth; she had trod every
nook of our spacious globe; she had mingled with the atmosphere,
which as a cloak enwraps all our fellow-creatures--the inhabitants
of native Europe--the luxurious Asiatic--the swarthy African and
free American had been vanquished and destroyed by her.  Her
barbarous tyranny came to its close here in the rocky vale of

Still recurring scenes of misery and pain, the fruits of this
distemper, made no more a part of our lives--the word plague no
longer rung in our ears--the aspect of plague incarnate in the
human countenance no longer appeared before our eyes.  From this
moment I saw plague no more.  She abdicated her throne, and
despoiled herself of her imperial sceptre among the ice rocks that
surrounded us.  She left solitude and silence co-heirs of her

My present feelings are so mingled with the past, that I cannot say
whether the knowledge of this change visited us, as we stood on
this sterile spot.  It seems to me that it did; that a cloud seemed
to pass from over us, that a weight was taken from the air; that
henceforth we breathed more freely, and raised our heads with some
portion of former liberty.  Yet we did not hope.  We were impressed
by the sentiment, that our race was run, but that plague would not
be our destroyer.  The coming time was as a mighty river, down
which a charmed boat is driven, whose mortal steersman knows, that
the obvious peril is not the one he needs fear, yet that danger is
nigh; and who floats awe-struck under beetling precipices, through
the dark and turbid waters--seeing in the distance yet stranger and
ruder shapes, towards which he is irresistibly impelled.  What
would become of us?  O for some Delphic oracle, or Pythian maid, to
utter the secrets of futurity!  O for some Oedipus to solve the
riddle of the cruel Sphinx!  Such Oedipus was I to be--not divining
a word's juggle, but whose agonizing pangs, and sorrow-tainted life
were to be the engines, wherewith to lay bare the secrets of
destiny, and reveal the meaning of the enigma, whose explanation
closed the history of the human race.

Dim fancies, akin to these, haunted our minds, and instilled
feelings not unallied to pleasure, as we stood beside this silent
tomb of nature, reared by these lifeless mountains, above her
living veins, choking her vital principle.  "Thus are we left,"
said Adrian, "two melancholy blasted trees, where once a forest
waved.  We are left to mourn, and pine, and die.  Yet even now we
have our duties, which we must string ourselves to fulfil: the duty
of bestowing pleasure where we can, and by force of love,
irradiating with rainbow hues the tempest of grief.  Nor will I
repine if in this extremity we preserve what we now possess.
Something tells me, Verney, that we need no longer dread our cruel
enemy, and I cling with delight to the oracular voice.  Though
strange, it will be sweet to mark the growth of your little boy,
and the development of Clara's young heart.  In the midst of a
desert world, we are everything to them; and, if we live, it must
be our task to make this new mode of life happy to them.  At
present this is easy, for their childish ideas do not wander into
futurity, and the stinging craving for sympathy, and all of love of
which our nature is susceptible, is not yet awake within them: we
cannot guess what will happen then, when nature asserts her
indefeasible and sacred powers; but, long before that time, we may
all be cold, as he who lies in yonder tomb of ice.  We need only
provide for the present, and endeavour to fill with pleasant images
the inexperienced fancy of your lovely niece.  The scenes which now
surround us, vast and sublime as they are, are not such as can best
contribute to this work.  Nature is here like our fortunes, grand,
but too destructive, bare, and rude, to be able to afford delight
to her young imagination.  Let us descend to the sunny plains of
Italy.  Winter will soon be here, to clothe this wilderness in
double desolation; but we will cross the bleak hill-tops, and lead
her to scenes of fertility and beauty, where her path will be
adorned with flowers, and the cheery atmosphere inspire pleasure
and hope."

In pursuance of this plan we quitted Chamonix on the following day.
We had no cause to hasten our steps; no event was transacted beyond
our actual sphere to enchain our resolves, so we yielded to every
idle whim, and deemed our time well spent, when we could behold the
passage of the hours without dismay.  We loitered along the lovely
Vale of Servox; passed long hours on the bridge, which, crossing
the ravine of Arve, commands a prospect of its pine-clothed depths,
and the snowy mountains that wall it in.  We rambled through
romantic Switzerland; till, fear of coming winter leading us
forward, the first days of October found us in the valley of La
Maurienne, which leads to Cenis.  I cannot explain the reluctance
we felt at leaving this land of mountains; perhaps it was, that we
regarded the Alps as boundaries between our former and our future
state of existence, and so clung fondly to what of old we had
loved.  Perhaps, because we had now so few impulses urging to a
choice between two modes of action, we were pleased to preserve the
existence of one, and preferred the prospect of what we were to do,
to the recollection of what had been done.  We felt that for this
year danger was past; and we believed that, for some months, we
were secured to each other.  There was a thrilling, agonizing
delight in the thought--it filled the eyes with misty tears, it
tore the heart with tumultuous heavings; frailer than the "snow
fall in the river," were we each and all--but we strove to give
life and individuality to the meteoric course of our several
existences, and to feel that no moment escaped us unenjoyed.  Thus
tottering on the dizzy brink, we were happy.  Yes! as we sat
beneath the toppling rocks, beside the waterfalls, near

      --Forests, ancient as the hills,
     And folding sunny spots of greenery,

where the chamois grazed, and the timid squirrel laid up its hoard--
descanting on the charms of nature, drinking in the while her
unalienable beauties--we were, in an empty world, happy.

Yet, O days of joy--days, when eye spoke to eye, and voices,
sweeter than the music of the swinging branches of the pines, or
rivulet's gentle murmur, answered mine--yet, O days replete with
beatitude, days of loved society--days unutterably dear to me
forlorn--pass, O pass before me, making me in your memory forget
what I am.  Behold, how my streaming eyes blot this senseless paper--
behold, how my features are convulsed by agonizing throes, at your
mere recollection, now that, alone, my tears flow, my lips quiver,
my cries fill the air, unseen, unmarked, unheard!  Yet, O yet, days
of delight! let me dwell on your long-drawn hours!

As the cold increased upon us, we passed the Alps, and descended
into Italy.  At the uprising of morn, we sat at our repast, and
cheated our regrets by gay sallies or learned disquisitions.  The
live-long day we sauntered on, still keeping in view the end of our
journey, but careless of the hour of its completion.  As the
evening star shone out, and the orange sunset, far in the west,
marked the position of the dear land we had for ever left, talk,
thought enchaining, made the hours fly--O that we had lived thus
for ever and for ever!  Of what consequence was it to our four
hearts, that they alone were the fountains of life in the wide
world?  As far as mere individual sentiment was concerned, we had
rather be left thus united together, than if, each alone in a
populous desert of unknown men, we had wandered truly companionless
till life's last term.  In this manner, we endeavoured to console
each other; in this manner, true philosophy taught us to reason.

It was the delight of Adrian and myself to wait on Clara, naming
her the little queen of the world, ourselves her humblest
servitors.  When we arrived at a town, our first care was to select
for her its most choice abode; to make sure that no harrowing relic
remained of its former inhabitants; to seek food for her, and
minister to her wants with assiduous tenderness.  Clara entered
into our scheme with childish gaiety.  Her chief business was to
attend on Evelyn; but it was her sport to array herself in splendid
robes, adorn herself with sunny gems, and ape a princely state.
Her religion, deep and pure, did not teach her to refuse to blunt
thus the keen sting of regret; her youthful vivacity made her
enter, heart and soul, into these strange masquerades.

We had resolved to pass the ensuing winter at Milan, which, as
being a large and luxurious city, would afford us choice of homes.
We had descended the Alps, and left far behind their vast forests
and mighty crags.  We entered smiling Italy.  Mingled grass and
corn grew in her plains, the unpruned vines threw their luxuriant
branches around the elms.  The grapes, overripe, had fallen on the
ground, or hung purple, or burnished green, among the red and
yellow leaves.  The ears of standing corn winnowed to emptiness by
the spendthrift winds; the fallen foliage of the trees, the weed-
grown brooks, the dusky olive, now spotted with its blackened
fruit; the chestnuts, to which the squirrel only was harvest-man;
all plenty, and yet, alas! all poverty, painted in wondrous hues
and fantastic groupings this land of beauty.  In the towns, in the
voiceless towns, we visited the churches, adorned by pictures,
master-pieces of art, or galleries of statues--while in this genial
clime the animals, in new found liberty, rambled through the
gorgeous palaces, and hardly feared our forgotten aspect.  The dove-
coloured oxen turned their full eyes on us, and paced slowly by; a
startling throng of silly sheep, with pattering feet, would start
up in some chamber, formerly dedicated to the repose of beauty, and
rush, huddling past us, down the marble staircase into the street,
and again in at the first open door, taking unrebuked possession of
hallowed sanctuary, or kingly council-chamber.  We no longer
started at these occurrences, nor at worse exhibition of change--
when the palace had become a mere tomb, pregnant with fetid stench,
strewn with the dead; and we could perceive how pestilence and fear
had played strange antics, chasing the luxurious dame to the dank
fields and bare cottage; gathering, among carpets of Indian woof,
and beds of silk, the rough peasant, or the deformed half-human
shape of the wretched beggar.

We arrived at Milan, and stationed ourselves in the Vice-Roy's
palace.  Here we made laws for ourselves, dividing our day, and
fixing distinct occupations for each hour.  In the morning we rode
in the adjoining country, or wandered through the palaces, in
search of pictures or antiquities.  In the evening we assembled to
read or to converse.  There were few books that we dared read; few,
that did not cruelly deface the painting we bestowed on our
solitude, by recalling combinations and emotions never more to be
experienced by us.  Metaphysical disquisition; fiction, which
wandering from all reality, lost itself in self-created errors;
poets of times so far gone by, that to read of them was as to read
of Atlantis and Utopia; or such as referred to nature only, and the
workings of one particular mind; but most of all, talk, varied and
ever new, beguiled our hours.

While we paused thus in our onward career towards death, time held
on its accustomed course.  Still and for ever did the earth roll
on, enthroned in her atmospheric car, speeded by the force of the
invisible coursers of never-erring necessity.  And now, this dew-
drop in the sky, this ball, ponderous with mountains, lucent with
waves, passing from the short tyranny of watery Pisces and the
frigid Ram, entered the radiant demesne of Taurus and the Twins.
There, fanned by vernal airs, the Spirit of Beauty sprung from her
cold repose; and, with winnowing wings and soft pacing feet, set a
girdle of verdure around the earth, sporting among the violets,
hiding within the springing foliage of the trees, tripping lightly
down the radiant streams into the sunny deep.  "For lo! winter is
past, the rain is over and gone; the flowers appear on the earth,
the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the
turtle is heard in our land; the fig tree putteth forth her green
figs, and the vines, with the tender grape, give a good smell."*
Thus was it in the time of the ancient regal poet; thus was it now.

* Solomon's Song.

Yet how could we miserable hail the approach of this delightful
season?  We hoped indeed that death did not now as heretofore walk
in its shadow; yet, left as we were alone to each other, we looked
in each other's faces with inquiring eyes, not daring altogether to
trust to our presentiments, and endeavouring to divine which would
be the hapless survivor to the other three.  We were to pass the
summer at the lake of Como, and thither we removed as soon as
spring grew to her maturity, and the snow disappeared from the hill
tops.  Ten miles from Como, under the steep heights of the eastern
mountains, by the margin of the lake, was a villa called the
Pliniana, from its being built on the site of a fountain, whose
periodical ebb and flow is described by the younger Pliny in his
letters.  The house had nearly fallen into ruin, till in the year
2090, an English nobleman had bought it, and fitted it up with
every luxury.  Two large halls, hung with splendid tapestry, and
paved with marble, opened on each side of a court, of whose two
other sides one overlooked the deep dark lake, and the other was
bounded by a mountain, from whose stony side gushed, with roar and
splash, the celebrated fountain.  Above, underwood of myrtle and
tufts of odorous plants crowned the rock, while the star-pointing
giant cypresses reared themselves in the blue air, and the recesses
of the hills were adorned with the luxuriant growth of chestnut-
trees.  Here we fixed our summer residence.  We had a lovely skiff,
in which we sailed, now stemming the midmost waves, now coasting
the over-hanging and craggy banks, thick sown with evergreens,
which dipped their shining leaves in the waters, and were mirrored
in many a little bay and creek of waters of translucent darkness.
Here orange plants bloomed, here birds poured forth melodious
hymns; and here, during spring, the cold snake emerged from the
clefts, and basked on the sunny terraces of rock.

Were we not happy in this paradisiacal retreat?  If some kind
spirit had whispered forgetfulness to us, methinks we should have
been happy here, where the precipitous mountains, nearly pathless,
shut from our view the far fields of desolate earth, and with small
exertion of the imagination, we might fancy that the cities were
still resonant with popular hum, and the peasant still guided his
plough through the furrow, and that we, the world's free denizens,
enjoyed a voluntary exile, and not a remediless cutting off from
our extinct species.

Not one among us enjoyed the beauty of this scenery so much as
Clara.  Before we quitted Milan, a change had taken place in her
habits and manners.  She lost her gaiety, she laid aside her
sports, and assumed an almost vestal plainness of attire.  She
shunned us, retiring with Evelyn to some distant chamber or silent
nook; nor did she enter into his pastimes with the same zest as she
was wont, but would sit and watch him with sadly tender smiles, and
eyes bright with tears, yet without a word of complaint.  She
approached us timidly, avoided our caresses, nor shook off her
embarrassment till some serious discussion or lofty theme called
her for awhile out of herself.  Her beauty grew as a rose, which,
opening to the summer wind, discloses leaf after leaf till the
sense aches with its excess of loveliness.  A slight and variable
colour tinged her cheeks, and her motions seemed attuned by some
hidden harmony of surpassing sweetness.  We redoubled our
tenderness and earnest attentions.  She received them with grateful
smiles, that fled swift as sunny beam from a glittering wave on an
April day.

Our only acknowledged point of sympathy with her, appeared to be
Evelyn.  This dear little fellow was a comforter and delight to us
beyond all words.  His buoyant spirit, and his innocent ignorance
of our vast calamity, were balm to us, whose thoughts and feelings
were over-wrought and spun out in the immensity of speculative
sorrow.  To cherish, to caress, to amuse him was the common task of
all.  Clara, who felt towards him in some degree like a young
mother, gratefully acknowledged our kindness towards him.  To me,
O! to me, who saw the clear brows and soft eyes of the beloved of
my heart, my lost and ever dear Idris, re-born in his gentle face,
to me he was dear even to pain; if I pressed him to my heart,
methought I clasped a real and living part of her, who had lain
there through long years of youthful happiness.

It was the custom of Adrian and myself to go out each day in our
skiff to forage in the adjacent country.  In these expeditions we
were seldom accompanied by Clara or her little charge, but our
return was an hour of hilarity.  Evelyn ransacked our stores with
childish eagerness, and we always brought some new found gift for
our fair companion.  Then too we made discoveries of lovely scenes
or gay palaces, whither in the evening we all proceeded.  Our
sailing expeditions were most divine, and with a fair wind or
transverse course we cut the liquid waves; and, if talk failed
under the pressure of thought, I had my clarinet with me, which
awoke the echoes, and gave the change to our careful minds.  Clara
at such times often returned to her former habits of free converse
and gay sally; and though our four hearts alone beat in the world,
those four hearts were happy.

One day, on our return from the town of Como, with a laden boat, we
expected as usual to be met at the port by Clara and Evelyn, and we
were somewhat surprised to see the beach vacant.  I, as my nature
prompted, would not prognosticate evil, but explained it away as a
mere casual incident.  Not so Adrian.  He was seized with sudden
trembling and apprehension, and he called to me with vehemence to
steer quickly for land, and, when near, leapt from the boat, half
falling into the water; and, scrambling up the steep bank, hastened
along the narrow strip of garden, the only level space between the
lake and the mountain.  I followed without delay; the garden and
inner court were empty, so was the house, whose every room we
visited.  Adrian called loudly upon Clara's name, and was about to
rush up the near mountain-path, when the door of a summer-house at
the end of the garden slowly opened, and Clara appeared, not
advancing towards us, but leaning against a column of the building
with blanched cheeks, in a posture of utter despondency.  Adrian
sprang towards her with a cry of joy, and folded her delightedly in
his arms.  She withdrew from his embrace, and, without a word,
again entered the summer-house.  Her quivering lips, her despairing
heart refused to afford her voice to express our misfortune.  Poor
little Evelyn had, while playing with her, been seized with sudden
fever, and now lay torpid and speechless on a little couch in the

For a whole fortnight we unceasingly watched beside the poor child,
as his life declined under the ravages of a virulent typhus.  His
little form and tiny lineaments encaged the embryo of the world-
spanning mind of man.  Man's nature, brimful of passions and
affections, would have had an home in that little heart, whose
swift pulsations hurried towards their close.  His small hand's
fine mechanism, now flaccid and unbent, would in the growth of
sinew and muscle, have achieved works of beauty or of strength.
His tender rosy feet would have trod in firm manhood the bowers and
glades of earth--these reflections were now of little use: he lay,
thought and strength suspended, waiting unresisting the final blow.

We watched at his bedside, and when the access of fever was on him,
we neither spoke nor looked at each other, marking only his
obstructed breath and the mortal glow that tinged his sunken cheek,
the heavy death that weighed on his eyelids.  It is a trite evasion
to say, that words could not express our long drawn agony; yet how
can words image sensations, whose tormenting keenness throw us
back, as it were, on the deep roots and hidden foundations of our
nature, which shake our being with earthquake-throe, so that we
leave to confide in accustomed feelings which like mother-earth
support us, and cling to some vain imagination or deceitful hope,
which will soon be buried in the ruins occasioned by the final
shock.  I have called that period a fortnight, which we passed
watching the changes of the sweet child's malady--and such it might
have been--at night, we wondered to find another day gone, while
each particular hour seemed endless.  Day and night were exchanged
for one another uncounted; we slept hardly at all, nor did we even
quit his room, except when a pang of grief seized us, and we
retired from each other for a short period to conceal our sobs and
tears.  We endeavoured in vain to abstract Clara from this
deplorable scene.  She sat, hour after hour, looking at him, now
softly arranging his pillow, and, while he had power to swallow,
administered his drink.  At length the moment of his death came:
the blood paused in its flow--his eyes opened, and then closed
again: without convulsion or sigh, the frail tenement was left
vacant of its spiritual inhabitant.

I have heard that the sight of the dead has confirmed materialists
in their belief.  I ever felt otherwise.  Was that my child--that
moveless decaying inanimation?  My child was enraptured by my
caresses; his dear voice clothed with meaning articulations his
thoughts, otherwise inaccessible; his smile was a ray of the soul,
and the same soul sat upon its throne in his eyes.  I turn from
this mockery of what he was.  Take, O earth, thy debt! freely and
for ever I consign to thee the garb thou didst afford.  But thou,
sweet child, amiable and beloved boy, either thy spirit has sought
a fitter dwelling, or, shrined in my heart, thou livest while it

We placed his remains under a cypress, the upright mountain being
scooped out to receive them.  And then Clara said, "If you wish me
to live, take me from hence.  There is something in this scene of
transcendent beauty, in these trees, and hills and waves, that for
ever whisper to me, leave thy cumbrous flesh, and make a part of
us.  I earnestly entreat you to take me away."

So on the fifteenth of August we bade adieu to our villa, and the
embowering shades of this abode of beauty; to calm bay and noisy
waterfall; to Evelyn's little grave we bade farewell! and then,
with heavy hearts, we departed on our pilgrimage towards Rome.


Now--soft awhile--have I arrived so near the end?  Yes! it is all
over now--a step or two over those new made graves, and the
wearisome way is done.  Can I accomplish my task?  Can I streak my
paper with words capacious of the grand conclusion?  Arise, black
Melancholy! quit thy Cimmerian solitude!  Bring with thee murky
fogs from hell, which may drink up the day; bring blight and
pestiferous exhalations, which, entering the hollow caverns and
breathing places of earth, may fill her stony veins with
corruption, so that not only herbage may no longer flourish, the
trees may rot, and the rivers run with gall--but the everlasting
mountains be decomposed, and the mighty deep putrefy, and the
genial atmosphere which clips the globe, lose all powers of
generation and sustenance.  Do this, sad visaged power, while I
write, while eyes read these pages.

And who will read them?  Beware, tender offspring of the re-born
world--beware, fair being, with human heart, yet untamed by care,
and human brow, yet unploughed by time--beware, lest the cheerful
current of thy blood be checked, thy golden locks turn grey, thy
sweet dimpling smiles be changed to fixed, harsh wrinkles!  Let not
day look on these lines, lest garish day waste, turn pale, and die.
Seek a cypress grove, whose moaning boughs will be harmony
befitting; seek some cave, deep embowered in earth's dark entrails,
where no light will penetrate, save that which struggles, red and
flickering, through a single fissure, staining thy page with
grimmest livery of death.

There is a painful confusion in my brain, which refuses to
delineate distinctly succeeding events.  Sometimes the irradiation
of my friend's gentle smile comes before me; and methinks its light
spans and fills eternity--then, again, I feel the gasping throes--

We quitted Como, and in compliance with Adrian's earnest desire, we
took Venice in our way to Rome.  There was something to the English
peculiarly attractive in the idea of this wave-encircled, island-
enthroned city.  Adrian had never seen it.  We went down the Po and
the Brenta in a boat; and, the days proving intolerably hot, we
rested in the bordering palaces during the day, travelling through
the night, when darkness made the bordering banks indistinct, and
our solitude less remarkable; when the wandering moon lit the waves
that divided before our prow, and the night-wind filled our sails,
and the murmuring stream, waving trees, and swelling canvass,
accorded in harmonious strain.  Clara, long overcome by excessive
grief, had to a great degree cast aside her timid, cold reserve,
and received our attentions with grateful tenderness.  While Adrian
with poetic fervour discoursed of the glorious nations of the dead,
of the beauteous earth and the fate of man, she crept near him,
drinking in his speech with silent pleasure.  We banished from our
talk, and as much as possible from our thoughts, the knowledge of
our desolation.  And it would be incredible to an inhabitant of
cities, to one among a busy throng, to what extent we succeeded.
It was as a man confined in a dungeon, whose small and grated rift
at first renders the doubtful light more sensibly obscure, till,
the visual orb having drunk in the beam, and adapted itself to its
scantiness, he finds that clear noon inhabits his cell.  So we, a
simple triad on empty earth, were multiplied to each other, till we
became all in all.  We stood like trees, whose roots are loosened
by the wind, which support one another, leaning and clinging with
increased fervour while the wintry storms howl.

Thus we floated down the widening stream of the Po, sleeping when
the cicale sang, awake with the stars.  We entered the narrower
banks of the Brenta, and arrived at the shore of the Laguna at
sunrise on the sixth of September.  The bright orb slowly rose from
behind its cupolas and towers, and shed its penetrating light upon
the glassy waters.  Wrecks of gondolas, and some few uninjured
ones, were strewed on the beach at Fusina.  We embarked in one of
these for the widowed daughter of ocean, who, abandoned and fallen,
sat forlorn on her propping isles, looking towards the far
mountains of Greece.  We rowed lightly over the Laguna, and entered
Canale Grande.  The tide ebbed sullenly from out the broken portals
and violated halls of Venice: sea weed and sea monsters were left
on the blackened marble, while the salt ooze defaced the matchless
works of art that adorned their walls, and the sea gull flew out
from the shattered window.  In the midst of this appalling ruin of
the monuments of man's power, nature asserted her ascendancy, and
shone more beauteous from the contrast.  The radiant waters hardly
trembled, while the rippling waves made many sided mirrors to the
sun; the blue immensity, seen beyond Lido, stretched far, unspecked
by boat, so tranquil, so lovely, that it seemed to invite us to
quit the land strewn with ruins, and to seek refuge from sorrow and
fear on its placid extent.

We saw the ruins of this hapless city from the height of the tower
of San Marco, immediately under us, and turned with sickening
hearts to the sea, which, though it be a grave, rears no monument,
discloses no ruin.  Evening had come apace.  The sun set in calm
majesty behind the misty summits of the Apennines, and its golden
and roseate hues painted the mountains of the opposite shore.
"That land," said Adrian, "tinged with the last glories of the day,
is Greece."  Greece!  The sound had a responsive chord in the bosom
of Clara.  She vehemently reminded us that we had promised to take
her once again to Greece, to the tomb of her parents.  Why go to
Rome? what should we do at Rome?  We might take one of the many
vessels to be found here, embark in it, and steer right for

I objected the dangers of ocean, and the distance of the mountains
we saw, from Athens; a distance which, from the savage uncultivation
of the country, was almost impassable.  Adrian, who was delighted
with Clara's proposal, obviated these objections. The season was
favourable; the north-west that blew would take us transversely
across the gulf; and then we might find, in some abandoned port, a
light Greek caique, adapted for such navigation, and run down the
coast of the Morea, and, passing over the Isthmus of Corinth,
without much land-travelling or fatigue, find ourselves at Athens.
This appeared to me wild talk; but the sea, glowing with a thousand
purple hues, looked so brilliant and safe; my beloved companions
were so earnest, so determined, that, when Adrian said, "Well,
though it is not exactly what you wish, yet consent, to please me"--
I could no longer refuse.  That evening we selected a vessel, whose
size just seemed fitted for our enterprise; we bent the sails and
put the rigging in order, and reposing that night in one of the
city's thousand palaces, agreed to embark at sunrise the following

     When winds that move not its calm surface, sweep
     The azure sea, I love the land no more;
     The smiles of the serene and tranquil deep
     Tempt my unquiet mind--

Thus said Adrian, quoting a translation of Moschus's poem, as in
the clear morning light, we rowed over the Laguna, past Lido, into
the open sea--I would have added in continuation

          But, when the roar
     Of ocean's gray abyss resounds, and foam
     Gathers upon the sea, and vast waves burst--

But my friends declared that such verses were evil augury; so in
cheerful mood we left the shallow waters, and, when out at sea,
unfurled our sails to catch the favourable breeze.  The laughing
morning air filled them, while sun-light bathed earth, sky and
ocean--the placid waves divided to receive our keel, and playfully
kissed the dark sides of our little skiff, murmuring a welcome; as
land receded, still the blue expanse, most waveless, twin sister to
the azure empyrean, afforded smooth conduct to our bark.  As the
air and waters were tranquil and balmy, so were our minds steeped
in quiet.  In comparison with the unstained deep, funereal earth
appeared a grave, its high rocks and stately mountains were but
monuments, its trees the plumes of a hearse, the brooks and rivers
brackish with tears for departed man.  Farewell to desolate towns--
to fields with their savage intermixture of corn and weeds--to ever
multiplying relics of our lost species.  Ocean, we commit ourselves
to thee--even as the patriarch of old floated above the drowned
world, let us be saved, as thus we betake ourselves to thy
perennial flood.

Adrian sat at the helm; I attended to the rigging, the breeze right
aft filled our swelling canvas, and we ran before it over the
untroubled deep.  The wind died away at noon; its idle breath just
permitted us to hold our course.  As lazy, fair-weather sailors,
careless of the coming hour, we talked gaily of our coasting
voyage, of our arrival at Athens.  We would make our home of one of
the Cyclades, and there in myrtle-groves, amidst perpetual spring,
fanned by the wholesome sea-breezes--we would live long years in
beatific union--Was there such a thing as death in the world?--

The sun passed its zenith, and lingered down the stainless floor of
heaven.  Lying in the boat, my face turned up to the sky, I thought
I saw on its blue white, marbled streaks, so slight, so immaterial,
that now I said--They are there--and now, It is a mere imagination.
A sudden fear stung me while I gazed; and, starting up, and running
to the prow,--as I stood, my hair was gently lifted on my brow--a
dark line of ripples appeared to the east, gaining rapidly on us--
my breathless remark to Adrian, was followed by the flapping of the
canvas, as the adverse wind struck it, and our boat lurched--swift
as speech, the web of the storm thickened over head, the sun went
down red, the dark sea was strewed with foam, and our skiff rose
and fell in its increasing furrows.

Behold us now in our frail tenement, hemmed in by hungry, roaring
waves, buffeted by winds.  In the inky east two vast clouds,
sailing contrary ways, met; the lightning leapt forth, and the
hoarse thunder muttered.  Again in the south, the clouds replied,
and the forked stream of fire running along the black sky, showed
us the appalling piles of clouds, now met and obliterated by the
heaving waves.  Great God!  And we alone--we three--alone--alone--
sole dwellers on the sea and on the earth, we three must perish!
The vast universe, its myriad worlds, and the plains of boundless
earth which we had left--the extent of shoreless sea around--
contracted to my view--they and all that they contained, shrunk up
to one point, even to our tossing bark, freighted with glorious

A convulsion of despair crossed the love-beaming face of Adrian,
while with set teeth he murmured, "Yet they shall be saved!"
Clara, visited by an human pang, pale and trembling, crept near him--
he looked on her with an encouraging smile--"Do you fear, sweet
girl?  O, do not fear, we shall soon be on shore!"

The darkness prevented me from seeing the changes of her
countenance; but her voice was clear and sweet, as she replied,
"Why should I fear? neither sea nor storm can harm us, if mighty
destiny or the ruler of destiny does not permit.  And then the
stinging fear of surviving either of you, is not here--one death
will clasp us undivided."

Meanwhile we took in all our sails, save a jib; and, as soon as we
might without danger, changed our course, running with the wind for
the Italian shore.  Dark night mixed everything; we hardly
discerned the white crests of the murderous surges, except when
lightning made brief noon, and drank the darkness, showing us our
danger, and restoring us to double night.  We were all silent,
except when Adrian, as steersman, made an encouraging observation.
Our little shell obeyed the rudder miraculously well, and ran along
on the top of the waves, as if she had been an offspring of the
sea, and the angry mother sheltered her endangered child.

I sat at the prow, watching our course; when suddenly I heard the
waters break with redoubled fury.  We were certainly near the shore--
at the same time I cried, "About there!" and a broad lightning
filling the concave, showed us for one moment the level beach a-
head, disclosing even the sands, and stunted, ooze-sprinkled beds
of reeds, that grew at high water mark.  Again it was dark, and we
drew in our breath with such content as one may, who, while
fragments of volcano-hurled rock darken the air, sees a vast mass
ploughing the ground immediately at his feet.  What to do we knew
not--the breakers here, there, everywhere, encompassed us--they
roared, and dashed, and flung their hated spray in our faces.  With
considerable difficulty and danger we succeeded at length in
altering our course, and stretched out from shore.  I urged my
companions to prepare for the wreck of our little skiff, and to
bind themselves to some oar or spar which might suffice to float
them.  I was myself an excellent swimmer--the very sight of the sea
was wont to raise in me such sensations, as a huntsman experiences,
when he hears a pack of hounds in full cry; I loved to feel the
waves wrap me and strive to overpower me; while I, lord of myself,
moved this way or that, in spite of their angry buffetings.  Adrian
also could swim--but the weakness of his frame prevented him from
feeling pleasure in the exercise, or acquiring any great
expertness.  But what power could the strongest swimmer oppose to
the overpowering violence of ocean in its fury?  My efforts to
prepare my companions were rendered nearly futile--for the roaring
breakers prevented our hearing one another speak, and the waves,
that broke continually over our boat, obliged me to exert all my
strength in lading the water out, as fast as it came in.  The while
darkness, palpable and rayless, hemmed us round, dissipated only by
the lightning; sometimes we beheld thunderbolts, fiery red, fall
into the sea, and at intervals vast spouts stooped from the clouds,
churning the wild ocean, which rose to meet them; while the fierce
gale bore the rack onwards, and they were lost in the chaotic
mingling of sky and sea.  Our gunwales had been torn away, our
single sail had been rent to ribbands, and borne down the stream of
the wind.  We had cut away our mast, and lightened the boat of all
she contained--Clara attempted to assist me in heaving the water
from the hold, and, as she turned her eyes to look on the
lightning, I could discern by that momentary gleam, that
resignation had conquered every fear.  We have a power given us in
any worst extremity, which props the else feeble mind of man, and
enables us to endure the most savage tortures with a stillness of
soul which in hours of happiness we could not have imagined.  A
calm, more dreadful in truth than the tempest, allayed the wild
beatings of my heart--a calm like that of the gamester, the
suicide, and the murderer, when the last die is on the point of
being cast--while the poisoned cup is at the lips,--as the death-
blow is about to be given.

Hours passed thus--hours which might write old age on the face of
beardless youth, and grizzle the silky hair of infancy--hours,
while the chaotic uproar continued, while each dread gust
transcended in fury the one before, and our skiff hung on the
breaking wave, and then rushed into the valley below, and trembled
and spun between the watery precipices that seemed most to meet
above her.  For a moment the gale paused, and ocean sank to
comparative silence--it was a breathless interval; the wind which,
as a practised leaper, had gathered itself up before it sprung, now
with terrific roar rushed over the sea, and the waves struck our
stern.  Adrian exclaimed that the rudder was gone;--"We are lost,"
cried Clara, "Save yourselves--O save yourselves!"  The lightning
showed me the poor girl half buried in the water at the bottom of
the boat; as she was sinking in it Adrian caught her up, and
sustained her in his arms.  We were without a rudder--we rushed
prow foremost into the vast billows piled up ahead--they broke over
and filled the tiny skiff; one scream I heard--one cry that we were
gone, I uttered; I found myself in the waters; darkness was around.
When the light of the tempest flashed, I saw the keel of our upset
boat close to me--I clung to this, grasping it with clenched hand
and nails, while I endeavoured during each flash to discover any
appearance of my companions.  I thought I saw Adrian at no great
distance from me, clinging to an oar; I sprung from my hold, and
with energy beyond my human strength, I dashed aside the waters as
I strove to lay hold of him.  As that hope failed, instinctive love
of life animated me, and feelings of contention, as if a hostile
will combated with mine.  I breasted the surges, and flung them
from me, as I would the opposing front and sharpened claws of a
lion about to enfang my bosom.  When I had been beaten down by one
wave, I rose on another, while I felt bitter pride curl my lip.

Ever since the storm had carried us near the shore, we had never
attained any great distance from it.  With every flash I saw the
bordering coast; yet the progress I made was small, while each
wave, as it receded, carried me back into ocean's far abysses.  At
one moment I felt my foot touch the sand, and then again I was in
deep water; my arms began to lose their power of motion; my breath
failed me under the influence of the strangling waters--a thousand
wild and delirious thoughts crossed me: as well as I can now recall
them, my chief feeling was, how sweet it would be to lay my head on
the quiet earth, where the surges would no longer strike my
weakened frame, nor the sound of waters ring in my ears--to attain
this repose, not to save my life, I made a last effort--the
shelving shore suddenly presented a footing for me.  I rose, and
was again thrown down by the breakers--a point of rock to which I
was enabled to cling, gave me a moment's respite; and then, taking
advantage of the ebbing of the waves, I ran forwards--gained the
dry sands, and fell senseless on the oozy reeds that sprinkled

I must have lain long deprived of life; for when first, with a
sickening feeling, I unclosed my eyes, the light of morning met
them.  Great change had taken place meanwhile: grey dawn dappled
the flying clouds, which sped onwards, leaving visible at intervals
vast lakes of pure ether.  A fountain of light arose in an
increasing stream from the east, behind the waves of the Adriatic,
changing the grey to a roseate hue, and then flooding sky and sea
with aerial gold.

A kind of stupor followed my fainting; my senses were alive, but
memory was extinct.  The blessed respite was short--a snake lurked
near me to sting me into life--on the first retrospective emotion I
would have started up, but my limbs refused to obey me; my knees
trembled, the muscles had lost all power.  I still believed that I
might find one of my beloved companions cast like me, half alive,
on the beach; and I strove in every way to restore my frame to the
use of its animal functions.  I wrung the brine from my hair; and
the rays of the risen sun soon visited me with genial warmth.  With
the restoration of my bodily powers, my mind became in some degree
aware of the universe of misery, henceforth to be its dwelling.  I
ran to the water's edge, calling on the beloved names.  Ocean drank
in, and absorbed my feeble voice, replying with pitiless roar.  I
climbed a near tree: the level sands bounded by a pine forest, and
the sea clipped round by the horizon, was all that I could discern.
In vain I extended my researches along the beach; the mast we had
thrown overboard, with tangled cordage, and remnants of a sail, was
the sole relic land received of our wreck.  Sometimes I stood
still, and wrung my hands.  I accused earth and sky--the universal
machine and the Almighty power that misdirected it.  Again I threw
myself on the sands, and then the sighing wind, mimicking a human
cry, roused me to bitter, fallacious hope.  Assuredly if any little
bark or smallest canoe had been near, I should have sought the
savage plains of ocean, found the dear remains of my lost ones, and
clinging round them, have shared their grave.

The day passed thus; each moment contained eternity; although when
hour after hour had gone by, I wondered at the quick flight of
time.  Yet even now I had not drunk the bitter potion to the dregs;
I was not yet persuaded of my loss; I did not yet feel in every
pulsation, in every nerve, in every thought, that I remained alone
of my race,--that I was the LAST MAN.

The day had clouded over, and a drizzling rain set in at sunset.
Even the eternal skies weep, I thought; is there any shame then,
that mortal man should spend himself in tears?  I remembered the
ancient fables, in which human beings are described as dissolving
away through weeping into ever-gushing fountains.  Ah! that so it
were; and then my destiny would be in some sort akin to the watery
death of Adrian and Clara.  Oh! grief is fantastic; it weaves a web
on which to trace the history of its woe from every form and change
around; it incorporates itself with all living nature; it finds
sustenance in every object; as light, it fills all things, and,
like light, it gives its own colours to all.

I had wandered in my search to some distance from the spot on which
I had been cast, and came to one of those watch-towers, which at
stated distances line the Italian shore.  I was glad of shelter,
glad to find a work of human hands, after I had gazed so long on
nature's drear barrenness; so I entered, and ascended the rough
winding staircase into the guard-room.  So far was fate kind, that
no harrowing vestige remained of its former inhabitants; a few
planks laid across two iron trestles, and strewed with the dried
leaves of Indian corn, was the bed presented to me; and an open
chest, containing some half mouldered biscuit, awakened an
appetite, which perhaps existed before, but of which, until now, I
was not aware.  Thirst also, violent and parching, the result of
the sea-water I had drank, and of the exhaustion of my frame,
tormented me.  Kind nature had gifted the supply of these wants
with pleasurable sensations, so that I--even I!--was refreshed and
calmed, as I ate of this sorry fare, and drank a little of the sour
wine which half filled a flask left in this abandoned dwelling.
Then I stretched myself on the bed, not to be disdained by the
victim of shipwreck.  The earthy smell of the dried leaves was balm
to my sense after the hateful odour of sea-weed.  I forgot my state
of loneliness.  I neither looked backward nor forward; my senses
were hushed to repose; I fell asleep and dreamed of all dear inland
scenes, of hay-makers, of the shepherd's whistle to his dog, when
he demanded his help to drive the flock to fold; of sights and
sounds peculiar to my boyhood's mountain life, which I had long

I awoke in a painful agony--for I fancied that ocean, breaking its
bounds, carried away the fixed continent and deep rooted mountains,
together with the streams I loved, the woods, and the flocks--it
raged around, with that continued and dreadful roar which had
accompanied the last wreck of surviving humanity.  As my waking
sense returned, the bare walls of the guard room closed round me,
and the rain pattered against the single window.  How dreadful it
is, to emerge from the oblivion of slumber, and to receive as a
good morrow the mute wailing of one's own hapless heart--to return
from the land of deceptive dreams, to the heavy knowledge of
unchanged disaster!--Thus was it with me, now, and for ever!  The
sting of other griefs might be blunted by time; and even mine
yielded sometimes during the day, to the pleasure inspired by the
imagination or the senses; but I never look first upon the morning-
light but with my fingers pressed tight on my bursting heart, and
my soul deluged with the interminable flood of hopeless misery.
Now I awoke for the first time in the dead world--I awoke alone--
and the dull dirge of the sea, heard even amidst the rain, recalled
me to the reflection of the wretch I had become.  The sound came
like a reproach, a scoff--like the sting of remorse in the soul--I
gasped--the veins and muscles of my throat swelled, suffocating me.
I put my fingers to my ears, I buried my head in the leaves of my
couch, I would have dived to the centre to lose hearing of that
hideous moan.

But another task must be mine--again I visited the detested beach--
again I vainly looked far and wide--again I raised my unanswered
cry, lifting up the only voice that could ever again force the mute
air to syllable the human thought.

What a pitiable, forlorn, disconsolate being I was!  My very aspect
and garb told the tale of my despair.  My hair was matted and wild--
my limbs soiled with salt ooze; while at sea, I had thrown off
those of my garments that encumbered me, and the rain drenched the
thin summer-clothing I had retained--my feet were bare, and the
stunted reeds and broken shells made them bleed--the while, I
hurried to and fro, now looking earnestly on some distant rock
which, islanded in the sands, bore for a moment a deceptive
appearance--now with flashing eyes reproaching the murderous ocean
for its unutterable cruelty.

For a moment I compared myself to that monarch of the waste--
Robinson Crusoe.  We had been both thrown companionless--he on the
shore of a desolate island: I on that of a desolate world.  I was
rich in the so called goods of life.  If I turned my steps from the
near barren scene, and entered any of the earth's million cities, I
should find their wealth stored up for my accommodation--clothes,
food, books, and a choice of dwelling beyond the command of the
princes of former times--every climate was subject to my selection,
while he was obliged to toil in the acquirement of every necessary,
and was the inhabitant of a tropical island, against whose heats
and storms he could obtain small shelter.--Viewing the question
thus, who would not have preferred the Sybarite enjoyments I could
command, the philosophic leisure, and ample intellectual resources,
to his life of labour and peril?  Yet he was far happier than I:
for he could hope, nor hope in vain--the destined vessel at last
arrived, to bear him to countrymen and kindred, where the events of
his solitude became a fire-side tale.  To none could I ever relate
the story of my adversity; no hope had I.  He knew that, beyond the
ocean which begirt his lonely island, thousands lived whom the sun
enlightened when it shone also on him: beneath the meridian sun and
visiting moon, I alone bore human features; I alone could give
articulation to thought; and, when I slept, both day and night were
unbeheld of any.  He had fled from his fellows, and was transported
with terror at the print of a human foot.  I would have knelt down
and worshipped the same.  The wild and cruel Caribbee, the
merciless Cannibal--or worse than these, the uncouth, brute, and
remorseless veteran in the vices of civilization, would have been
to me a beloved companion, a treasure dearly prized--his nature
would be kin to mine; his form cast in the same mould; human blood
would flow in his veins; a human sympathy must link us for ever.
It cannot be that I shall never behold a fellow being more!--never!--
never!--not in the course of years!--Shall I wake, and speak to
none, pass the interminable hours, my soul, islanded in the world,
a solitary point, surrounded by vacuum?  Will day follow day
endlessly thus?--No! no! a God rules the world--providence has not
exchanged its golden sceptre for an aspic's sting.  Away! let me
fly from the ocean-grave, let me depart from this barren nook,
paled in, as it is, from access by its own desolateness; let me
tread once again the paved towns; step over the threshold of man's
dwellings, and most certainly I shall find this thought a horrible
vision--a maddening, but evanescent dream.

I entered Ravenna, (the town nearest to the spot whereon I had been
cast), before the second sun had set on the empty world; I saw many
living creatures; oxen, and horses, and dogs, but there was no man
among them; I entered a cottage, it was vacant; I ascended the
marble stairs of a palace, the bats and the owls were nestled in
the tapestry; I stepped softly, not to awaken the sleeping town: I
rebuked a dog, that by yelping disturbed the sacred stillness; I
would not believe that all was as it seemed--The world was not
dead, but I was mad; I was deprived of sight, hearing, and sense of
touch; I was labouring under the force of a spell, which permitted
me to behold all sights of earth, except its human inhabitants;
they were pursuing their ordinary labours.  Every house had its
inmate; but I could not perceive them.  If I could have deluded
myself into a belief of this kind, I should have been far more
satisfied.  But my brain, tenacious of its reason, refused to lend
itself to such imaginations--and though I endeavoured to play the
antic to myself, I knew that I, the offspring of man, during long
years one among many--now remained sole survivor of my species.

The sun sank behind the western hills; I had fasted since the
preceding evening, but, though faint and weary, I loathed food, nor
ceased, while yet a ray of light remained, to pace the lonely
streets.  Night came on, and sent every living creature but me to
the bosom of its mate.  It was my solace, to blunt my mental agony
by personal hardship--of the thousand beds around, I would not seek
the luxury of one; I lay down on the pavement,--a cold marble step
served me for a pillow--midnight came; and then, though not before,
did my wearied lids shut out the sight of the twinkling stars, and
their reflex on the pavement near.  Thus I passed the second night
of my desolation.


I awoke in the morning, just as the higher windows of the lofty
houses received the first beams of the rising sun.  The birds were
chirping, perched on the windows sills and deserted thresholds of
the doors.  I awoke, and my first thought was, Adrian and Clara are
dead.  I no longer shall be hailed by their good-morrow--or pass
the long day in their society.  I shall never see them more.  The
ocean has robbed me of them--stolen their hearts of love from their
breasts, and given over to corruption what was dearer to me than
light, or life, or hope.

I was an untaught shepherd-boy, when Adrian deigned to confer on me
his friendship.  The best years of my life had been passed with
him.  All I had possessed of this world's goods, of happiness,
knowledge, or virtue--I owed to him.  He had, in his person, his
intellect, and rare qualities, given a glory to my life, which
without him it had never known.  Beyond all other beings he had
taught me, that goodness, pure and single, can be an attribute of
man.  It was a sight for angels to congregate to behold, to view
him lead, govern, and solace, the last days of the human race.

My lovely Clara also was lost to me--she who last of the daughters
of man, exhibited all those feminine and maiden virtues, which
poets, painters, and sculptors, have in their various languages
strove to express.  Yet, as far as she was concerned, could I
lament that she was removed in early youth from the certain advent
of misery?  Pure she was of soul, and all her intents were holy.
But her heart was the throne of love, and the sensibility her
lovely countenance expressed, was the prophet of many woes, not the
less deep and drear, because she would have for ever concealed

These two wondrously endowed beings had been spared from the
universal wreck, to be my companions during the last year of
solitude.  I had felt, while they were with me, all their worth.  I
was conscious that every other sentiment, regret, or passion had by
degrees merged into a yearning, clinging affection for them.  I had
not forgotten the sweet partner of my youth, mother of my children,
my adored Idris; but I saw at least a part of her spirit alive
again in her brother; and after, that by Evelyn's death I had lost
what most dearly recalled her to me; I enshrined her memory in
Adrian's form, and endeavoured to confound the two dear ideas.  I
sound the depths of my heart, and try in vain to draw thence the
expressions that can typify my love for these remnants of my race.
If regret and sorrow came athwart me, as well it might in our
solitary and uncertain state, the clear tones of Adrian's voice,
and his fervent look, dissipated the gloom; or I was cheered
unaware by the mild content and sweet resignation Clara's cloudless
brow and deep blue eyes expressed.  They were all to me--the suns
of my benighted soul--repose in my weariness--slumber in my
sleepless woe.  Ill, most ill, with disjointed words, bare and
weak, have I expressed the feeling with which I clung to them.  I
would have wound myself like ivy inextricably round them, so that
the same blow might destroy us.  I would have entered and been a
part of them--so that

     If the dull substance of my flesh were thought,

even now I had accompanied them to their new and incommunicable

Never shall I see them more.  I am bereft of their dear converse--
bereft of sight of them.  I am a tree rent by lightning; never will
the bark close over the bared fibres--never will their quivering
life, torn by the winds, receive the opiate of a moment's balm.  I
am alone in the world--but that expression as yet was less pregnant
with misery, than that Adrian and Clara are dead.

The tide of thought and feeling rolls on for ever the same, though
the banks and shapes around, which govern its course, and the
reflection in the wave, vary.  Thus the sentiment of immediate loss
in some sort decayed, while that of utter, irremediable loneliness
grew on me with time.  Three days I wandered through Ravenna--now
thinking only of the beloved beings who slept in the oozy caves of
ocean--now looking forward on the dread blank before me; shuddering
to make an onward step--writhing at each change that marked the
progress of the hours.

For three days I wandered to and fro in this melancholy town.  I
passed whole hours in going from house to house, listening whether
I could detect some lurking sign of human existence.  Sometimes I
rang at a bell; it tinkled through the vaulted rooms, and silence
succeeded to the sound.  I called myself hopeless, yet still I
hoped; and still disappointment ushered in the hours, intruding the
cold, sharp steel which first pierced me, into the aching festering
wound.  I fed like a wild beast, which seizes its food only when
stung by intolerable hunger.  I did not change my garb, or seek the
shelter of a roof, during all those days.  Burning heats, nervous
irritation, a ceaseless, but confused flow of thought, sleepless
nights, and days instinct with a frenzy of agitation, possessed me
during that time.

As the fever of my blood increased, a desire of wandering came upon
me.  I remember, that the sun had set on the fifth day after my
wreck, when, without purpose or aim, I quitted the town of Ravenna.
I must have been very ill.  Had I been possessed by more or less of
delirium, that night had surely been my last; for, as I continued
to walk on the banks of the Mantone, whose upward course I
followed, I looked wistfully on the stream, acknowledging to myself
that its pellucid waves could medicine my woes for ever, and was
unable to account to myself for my tardiness in seeking their
shelter from the poisoned arrows of thought, that were piercing me
through and through.  I walked a considerable part of the night,
and excessive weariness at length conquered my repugnance to the
availing myself of the deserted habitations of my species.  The
waning moon, which had just risen, showed me a cottage, whose neat
entrance and trim garden reminded me of my own England.  I lifted
up the latch of the door and entered.  A kitchen first presented
itself, where, guided by the moon beams, I found materials for
striking a light.  Within this was a bed room; the couch was
furnished with sheets of snowy whiteness; the wood piled on the
hearth, and an array as for a meal, might almost have deceived me
into the dear belief that I had here found what I had so long
sought--one survivor, a companion for my loneliness, a solace to my
despair.  I steeled myself against the delusion; the room itself
was vacant: it was only prudent, I repeated to myself, to examine
the rest of the house.  I fancied that I was proof against the
expectation; yet my heart beat audibly, as I laid my hand on the
lock of each door, and it sunk again, when I perceived in each the
same vacancy.  Dark and silent they were as vaults; so I returned
to the first chamber, wondering what sightless host had spread the
materials for my repast, and my repose.  I drew a chair to the
table, and examined what the viands were of which I was to partake.
In truth it was a death feast!  The bread was blue and mouldy; the
cheese lay a heap of dust.  I did not dare examine the other
dishes; a troop of ants passed in a double line across the table
cloth; every utensil was covered with dust, with cobwebs, and
myriads of dead flies: these were objects each and all betokening
the fallaciousness of my expectations.  Tears rushed into my eyes;
surely this was a wanton display of the power of the destroyer.
What had I done, that each sensitive nerve was thus to be
anatomized?  Yet why complain more now than ever?  This vacant
cottage revealed no new sorrow--the world was empty; mankind was
dead--I knew it well--why quarrel therefore with an acknowledged
and stale truth?  Yet, as I said, I had hoped in the very heart of
despair, so that every new impression of the hard-cut reality on my
soul brought with it a fresh pang, telling me the yet unstudied
lesson, that neither change of place nor time could bring
alleviation to my misery, but that, as I now was, I must continue,
day after day, month after month, year after year, while I lived.
I hardly dared conjecture what space of time that expression
implied.  It is true, I was no longer in the first blush of
manhood; neither had I declined far in the vale of years--men have
accounted mine the prime of life: I had just entered my thirty-
seventh year; every limb was as well knit, every articulation as
true, as when I had acted the shepherd on the hills of Cumberland;
and with these advantages I was to commence the train of solitary
life.  Such were the reflections that ushered in my slumber on that

The shelter, however, and less disturbed repose which I enjoyed,
restored me the following morning to a greater portion of health
and strength, than I had experienced since my fatal shipwreck.
Among the stores I had discovered on searching the cottage the
preceding night, was a quantity of dried grapes; these refreshed me
in the morning, as I left my lodging and proceeded towards a town
which I discerned at no great distance.  As far as I could divine,
it must have been Forli.  I entered with pleasure its wide and
grassy streets.  All, it is true, pictured the excess of
desolation; yet I loved to find myself in those spots which had
been the abode of my fellow creatures.  I delighted to traverse
street after street, to look up at the tall houses, and repeat to
myself, once they contained beings similar to myself--I was not
always the wretch I am now.  The wide square of Forli, the arcade
around it, its light and pleasant aspect cheered me.  I was pleased
with the idea, that, if the earth should be again peopled, we, the
lost race, would, in the relics left behind, present no contemptible
exhibition of our powers to the new comers.

I entered one of the palaces, and opened the door of a magnificent
saloon.  I started--I looked again with renewed wonder.  What wild-
looking, unkempt, half-naked savage was that before me?  The
surprise was momentary.

I perceived that it was I myself whom I beheld in a large mirror at
the end of the hall.  No wonder that the lover of the princely
Idris should fail to recognize himself in the miserable object
there portrayed.  My tattered dress was that in which I had crawled
half alive from the tempestuous sea.  My long and tangled hair hung
in elf locks on my brow--my dark eyes, now hollow and wild, gleamed
from under them--my cheeks were discoloured by the jaundice, which
(the effect of misery and neglect) suffused my skin, and were half
hid by a beard of many days' growth.

Yet why should I not remain thus, I thought; the world is dead, and
this squalid attire is a fitter mourning garb than the foppery of a
black suit.  And thus, methinks, I should have remained, had not
hope, without which I do not believe man could exist, whispered to
me, that, in such a plight, I should be an object of fear and
aversion to the being, preserved I knew not where, but I fondly
trusted, at length, to be found by me.  Will my readers scorn the
vanity, that made me attire myself with some care, for the sake of
this visionary being?  Or will they forgive the freaks of a half
crazed imagination?  I can easily forgive myself--for hope, however
vague, was so dear to me, and a sentiment of pleasure of so rare
occurrence, that I yielded readily to any idea, that cherished the
one, or promised any recurrence of the former to my sorrowing

After such occupation, I visited every street, alley, and nook of
Forli.  These Italian towns presented an appearance of still
greater desolation, than those of England or France.  Plague had
appeared here earlier--it had finished its course, and achieved its
work much sooner than with us.  Probably the last summer had found
no human being alive, in all the track included between the shores
of Calabria and the northern Alps.  My search was utterly vain, yet
I did not despond.  Reason methought was on my side; and the
chances were by no means contemptible, that there should exist in
some part of Italy a survivor like myself--of a wasted, depopulate
land.  As therefore I rambled through the empty town, I formed my
plan for future operations.  I would continue to journey on towards
Rome.  After I should have satisfied myself, by a narrow search,
that I left behind no human being in the towns through which I
passed, I would write up in a conspicuous part of each, with white
paint, in three languages, that "Verney, the last of the race of
Englishmen, had taken up his abode in Rome."

In pursuance of this scheme, I entered a painter's shop, and
procured myself the paint.  It is strange that so trivial an
occupation should have consoled, and even enlivened me.  But grief
renders one childish, despair fantastic.  To this simple
inscription, I merely added the adjuration, "Friend, come!  I wait
for thee!--Deh, vieni! ti aspetto!"

On the following morning, with something like hope for my
companion, I quitted Forli on my way to Rome.  Until now, agonizing
retrospect, and dreary prospects for the future, had stung me when
awake, and cradled me to my repose.  Many times I had delivered
myself up to the tyranny of anguish--many times I resolved a speedy
end to my woes; and death by my own hands was a remedy, whose
practicability was even cheering to me.  What could I fear in the
other world?  If there were an hell, and I were doomed to it, I
should come an adept to the sufferance of its tortures--the act
were easy, the speedy and certain end of my deplorable tragedy.
But now these thoughts faded before the new born expectation.  I
went on my way, not as before, feeling each hour, each minute, to
be an age instinct with incalculable pain.

As I wandered along the plain, at the foot of the Appennines--
through their valleys, and over their bleak summits, my path led me
through a country which had been trodden by heroes, visited and
admired by thousands.  They had, as a tide, receded, leaving me
blank and bare in the midst.  But why complain?  Did I not hope?--
so I schooled myself, even after the enlivening spirit had really
deserted me, and thus I was obliged to call up all the fortitude I
could command, and that was not much, to prevent a recurrence of
that chaotic and intolerable despair, that had succeeded to the
miserable shipwreck, that had consummated every fear, and dashed to
annihilation every joy.

I rose each day with the morning sun, and left my desolate inn.  As
my feet strayed through the unpeopled country, my thoughts rambled
through the universe, and I was least miserable when I could,
absorbed in reverie, forget the passage of the hours.  Each
evening, in spite of weariness, I detested to enter any dwelling,
there to take up my nightly abode--I have sat, hour after hour, at
the door of the cottage I had selected, unable to lift the latch,
and meet face to face blank desertion within.  Many nights, though
autumnal mists were spread around, I passed under an ilex--many
times I have supped on arbutus berries and chestnuts, making a
fire, gypsy-like, on the ground--because wild natural scenery
reminded me less acutely of my hopeless state of loneliness.  I
counted the days, and bore with me a peeled willow-wand, on which,
as well as I could remember, I had notched the days that had
elapsed since my wreck, and each night I added another unit to the
melancholy sum.

I had toiled up a hill which led to Spoleto.  Around was spread a
plain, encircled by the chestnut-covered Appennines.  A dark ravine
was on one side, spanned by an aqueduct, whose tall arches were
rooted in the dell below, and attested that man had once deigned to
bestow labour and thought here, to adorn and civilise nature.
Savage, ungrateful nature, which in wild sport defaced his remains,
protruding her easily renewed, and fragile growth of wild flowers
and parasite plants around his eternal edifices.  I sat on a
fragment of rock, and looked round.  The sun had bathed in gold the
western atmosphere, and in the east the clouds caught the radiance,
and budded into transient loveliness.  It set on a world that
contained me alone for its inhabitant.  I took out my wand--I
counted the marks.  Twenty-five were already traced--twenty-five
days had already elapsed, since human voice had gladdened my ears,
or human countenance met my gaze.  Twenty-five long, weary days,
succeeded by dark and lonesome nights, had mingled with foregone
years, and had become a part of the past--the never to be recalled--
a real, undeniable portion of my life--twenty-five long, long

Why this was not a month!--Why talk of days--or weeks--or months--I
must grasp years in my imagination, if I would truly picture the
future to myself--three, five, ten, twenty, fifty anniversaries of
that fatal epoch might elapse--every year containing twelve months,
each of more numerous calculation in a diary, than the twenty-five
days gone by--Can it be?  Will it be?--We had been used to look
forward to death tremulously--wherefore, but because its place was
obscure?  But more terrible, and far more obscure, was the unveiled
course of my lone futurity.  I broke my wand; I threw it from me.
I needed no recorder of the inch and barley-corn growth of my life,
while my unquiet thoughts created other divisions, than those ruled
over by the planets--and, in looking back on the age that had
elapsed since I had been alone, I disdained to give the name of
days and hours to the throes of agony which had in truth portioned
it out.

I hid my face in my hands.  The twitter of the young birds going to
rest, and their rustling among the trees, disturbed the still
evening-air--the crickets chirped--the aziolo cooed at intervals.
My thoughts had been of death--these sounds spoke to me of life.  I
lifted up my eyes--a bat wheeled round--the sun had sunk behind the
jagged line of mountains, and the pale, crescent moon was visible,
silver white, amidst the orange sunset, and accompanied by one
bright star, prolonged thus the twilight.  A herd of cattle passed
along in the dell below, untended, towards their watering place--
the grass was rustled by a gentle breeze, and the olive-woods,
mellowed into soft masses by the moonlight, contrasted their sea-
green with the dark chestnut foliage.  Yes, this is the earth;
there is no change--no ruin--no rent made in her verdurous expanse;
she continues to wheel round and round, with alternate night and
day, through the sky, though man is not her adorner or inhabitant.
Why could I not forget myself like one of those animals, and no
longer suffer the wild tumult of misery that I endure?  Yet, ah!
what a deadly breach yawns between their state and mine!  Have not
they companions?  Have not they each their mate--their cherished
young, their home, which, though unexpressed to us, is, I doubt
not, endeared and enriched, even in their eyes, by the society
which kind nature has created for them?  It is I only that am alone--
I, on this little hill top, gazing on plain and mountain recess--
on sky, and its starry population, listening to every sound of
earth, and air, and murmuring wave,--I only cannot express to any
companion my many thoughts, nor lay my throbbing head on any loved
bosom, nor drink from meeting eyes an intoxicating dew, that
transcends the fabulous nectar of the gods.  Shall I not then
complain?  Shall I not curse the murderous engine which has mowed
down the children of men, my brethren?  Shall I not bestow a
malediction on every other of nature's offspring, which dares live
and enjoy, while I live and suffer?

Ah, no! I will discipline my sorrowing heart to sympathy in your
joys; I will be happy, because ye are so.  Live on, ye innocents,
nature's selected darlings; I am not much unlike to you.  Nerves,
pulse, brain, joint, and flesh, of such am I composed, and ye are
organized by the same laws.  I have something beyond this, but I
will call it a defect, not an endowment, if it leads me to misery,
while ye are happy.  Just then, there emerged from a near copse two
goats and a little kid, by the mother's side; they began to browse
the herbage of the hill.  I approached near to them, without their
perceiving me; I gathered a handful of fresh grass, and held it
out; the little one nestled close to its mother, while she timidly
withdrew.  The male stepped forward, fixing his eyes on me: I drew
near, still holding out my lure, while he, depressing his head,
rushed at me with his horns.  I was a very fool; I knew it, yet I
yielded to my rage.  I snatched up a huge fragment of rock; it
would have crushed my rash foe.  I poised it--aimed it--then my
heart failed me.  I hurled it wide of the mark; it rolled
clattering among the bushes into dell.  My little visitants, all
aghast, galloped back into the covert of the wood; while I, my very
heart bleeding and torn, rushed down the hill, and by the violence
of bodily exertion, sought to escape from my miserable self.

No, no, I will not live among the wild scenes of nature, the enemy
of all that lives.  I will seek the towns--Rome, the capital of the
world, the crown of man's achievements.  Among its storied streets,
hallowed ruins, and stupendous remains of human exertion, I shall
not, as here, find every thing forgetful of man; trampling on his
memory, defacing his works, proclaiming from hill to hill, and vale
to vale,--by the torrents freed from the boundaries which he
imposed--by the vegetation liberated from the laws which he
enforced--by his habitation abandoned to mildew and weeds, that his
power is lost, his race annihilated for ever.

I hailed the Tiber, for that was as it were an unalienable
possession of humanity.  I hailed the wild Campagna, for every rood
had been trod by man; and its savage uncultivation, of no recent
date, only proclaimed more distinctly his power, since he had given
an honourable name and sacred title to what else would have been a
worthless, barren track.  I entered Eternal Rome by the Porta del
Popolo, and saluted with awe its time-honoured space.  The wide
square, the churches near, the long extent of the Corso, the near
eminence of Trinita de' Monti appeared like fairy work, they were
so silent, so peaceful, and so very fair.  It was evening; and the
population of animals which still existed in this mighty city, had
gone to rest; there was no sound, save the murmur of its many
fountains, whose soft monotony was harmony to my soul.  The
knowledge that I was in Rome, soothed me; that wondrous city,
hardly more illustrious for its heroes and sages, than for the
power it exercised over the imaginations of men.  I went to rest
that night; the eternal burning of my heart quenched,--my senses

The next morning I eagerly began my rambles in search of oblivion.
I ascended the many terraces of the garden of the Colonna Palace,
under whose roof I had been sleeping; and passing out from it at
its summit, I found myself on Monte Cavallo.  The fountain sparkled
in the sun; the obelisk above pierced the clear dark-blue air.  The
statues on each side, the works, as they are inscribed, of Phidias
and Praxiteles, stood in undiminished grandeur, representing Castor
and Pollux, who with majestic power tamed the rearing animal at
their side.  If those illustrious artists had in truth chiselled
these forms, how many passing generations had their giant
proportions outlived! and now they were viewed by the last of the
species they were sculptured to represent and deify.  I had shrunk
into insignificance in my own eyes, as I considered the
multitudinous beings these stone demigods had outlived, but this
after-thought restored me to dignity in my own conception.  The
sight of the poetry eternized in these statues, took the sting from
the thought, arraying it only in poetic ideality.

I repeated to myself,--I am in Rome!  I behold, and as it were,
familiarly converse with the wonder of the world, sovereign
mistress of the imagination, majestic and eternal survivor of
millions of generations of extinct men.  I endeavoured to quiet the
sorrows of my aching heart, by even now taking an interest in what
in my youth I had ardently longed to see.  Every part of Rome is
replete with relics of ancient times.  The meanest streets are
strewed with truncated columns, broken capitals--Corinthian and
Ionic, and sparkling fragments of granite or porphyry.  The walls
of the most penurious dwellings enclose a fluted pillar or
ponderous stone, which once made part of the palace of the Caesars;
and the voice of dead time, in still vibrations, is breathed from
these dumb things, animated and glorified as they were by man.

I embraced the vast columns of the temple of Jupiter Stator, which
survives in the open space that was the Forum, and leaning my
burning cheek against its cold durability, I tried to lose the
sense of present misery and present desertion, by recalling to the
haunted cell of my brain vivid memories of times gone by.  I
rejoiced at my success, as I figured Camillus, the Gracchi, Cato,
and last the heroes of Tacitus, which shine meteors of surpassing
brightness during the murky night of the empire;--as the verses of
Horace and Virgil, or the glowing periods of Cicero thronged into
the opened gates of my mind, I felt myself exalted by long
forgotten enthusiasm.  I was delighted to know that I beheld the
scene which they beheld--the scene which their wives and mothers,
and crowds of the unnamed witnessed, while at the same time they
honoured, applauded, or wept for these matchless specimens of
humanity.  At length, then, I had found a consolation.  I had not
vainly sought the storied precincts of Rome--I had discovered a
medicine for my many and vital wounds.

I sat at the foot of these vast columns.  The Coliseum, whose naked
ruin is robed by nature in a verdurous and glowing veil, lay in the
sunlight on my right.  Not far off, to the left, was the Tower of
the Capitol.  Triumphal arches, the falling walls of many temples,
strewed the ground at my feet.  I strove, I resolved, to force
myself to see the Plebeian multitude and lofty Patrician forms
congregated around; and, as the Diorama of ages passed across my
subdued fancy, they were replaced by the modern Roman; the Pope, in
his white stole, distributing benedictions to the kneeling
worshippers; the friar in his cowl; the dark-eyed girl, veiled by
her mezzera; the noisy, sun-burnt rustic, leading his heard of
buffaloes and oxen to the Campo Vaccino.  The romance with which,
dipping our pencils in the rainbow hues of sky and transcendent
nature, we to a degree gratuitously endow the Italians, replaced
the solemn grandeur of antiquity.  I remembered the dark monk, and
floating figures of "The Italian," and how my boyish blood had
thrilled at the description.  I called to mind Corinna ascending
the Capitol to be crowned, and, passing from the heroine to the
author, reflected how the Enchantress Spirit of Rome held sovereign
sway over the minds of the imaginative, until it rested on me--sole
remaining spectator of its wonders.

I was long wrapt by such ideas; but the soul wearies of a pauseless
flight; and, stooping from its wheeling circuits round and round
this spot, suddenly it fell ten thousand fathom deep, into the
abyss of the present--into self-knowledge--into tenfold sadness.  I
roused myself--I cast off my waking dreams; and I, who just now
could almost hear the shouts of the Roman throng, and was hustled
by countless multitudes, now beheld the desert ruins of Rome
sleeping under its own blue sky; the shadows lay tranquilly on the
ground; sheep were grazing untended on the Palatine, and a buffalo
stalked down the Sacred Way that led to the Capitol.  I was alone
in the Forum; alone in Rome; alone in the world.  Would not one
living man--one companion in my weary solitude, be worth all the
glory and remembered power of this time-honoured city?  Double
sorrow--sadness, bred in Cimmerian caves, robed my soul in a
mourning garb.  The generations I had conjured up to my fancy,
contrasted more strongly with the end of all--the single point in
which, as a pyramid, the mighty fabric of society had ended, while
I, on the giddy height, saw vacant space around me.

From such vague laments I turned to the contemplation of the
minutiae of my situation.  So far, I had not succeeded in the sole
object of my desires, the finding a companion for my desolation.
Yet I did not despair.  It is true that my inscriptions were set up
for the most part, in insignificant towns and villages; yet, even
without these memorials, it was possible that the person, who like
me should find himself alone in a depopulate land, should, like me,
come to Rome.  The more slender my expectation was, the more I
chose to build on it, and to accommodate my actions to this vague

It became necessary therefore, that for a time I should domesticate
myself at Rome.  It became necessary, that I should look my
disaster in the face--not playing the school-boy's part of
obedience without submission; enduring life, and yet rebelling
against the laws by which I lived.

Yet how could I resign myself?  Without love, without sympathy,
without communion with any, how could I meet the morning sun, and
with it trace its oft repeated journey to the evening shades?  Why
did I continue to live--why not throw off the weary weight of time,
and with my own hand, let out the fluttering prisoner from my
agonized breast?--It was not cowardice that withheld me; for the
true fortitude was to endure; and death had a soothing sound
accompanying it, that would easily entice me to enter its demesne.
But this I would not do.  I had, from the moment I had reasoned on
the subject, instituted myself the subject to fate, and the servant
of necessity, the visible laws of the invisible God--I believed
that my obedience was the result of sound reasoning, pure feeling,
and an exalted sense of the true excellence and nobility of my
nature.  Could I have seen in this empty earth, in the seasons and
their change, the hand of a blind power only, most willingly would
I have placed my head on the sod, and closed my eyes on its
loveliness for ever.  But fate had administered life to me, when
the plague had already seized on its prey--she had dragged me by
the hair from out the strangling waves--By such miracles she had
bought me for her own; I admitted her authority, and bowed to her
decrees.  If, after mature consideration, such was my resolve, it
was doubly necessary that I should not lose the end of life, the
improvement of my faculties, and poison its flow by repinings
without end.  Yet how cease to repine, since there was no hand near
to extract the barbed spear that had entered my heart of hearts?  I
stretched out my hand, and it touched none whose sensations were
responsive to mine.  I was girded, walled in, vaulted over, by
seven-fold barriers of loneliness.  Occupation alone, if I could
deliver myself up to it, would be capable of affording an opiate to
my sleepless sense of woe.  Having determined to make Rome my
abode, at least for some months, I made arrangements for my
accommodation--I selected my home.  The Colonna Palace was well
adapted for my purpose.  Its grandeur--its treasure of paintings,
its magnificent halls were objects soothing and even exhilarating.

I found the granaries of Rome well stored with grain, and
particularly with Indian corn; this product requiring less art in
its preparation for food, I selected as my principal support.  I
now found the hardships and lawlessness of my youth turn to
account.  A man cannot throw off the habits of sixteen years.
Since that age, it is true, I had lived luxuriously, or at least
surrounded by all the conveniences civilization afforded.  But
before that time, I had been "as uncouth a savage, as the wolf-bred
founder of old Rome"--and now, in Rome itself, robber and shepherd
propensities, similar to those of its founder, were of advantage to
its sole inhabitant.  I spent the morning riding and shooting in
the Campagna--I passed long hours in the various galleries--I gazed
at each statue, and lost myself in a reverie before many a fair
Madonna or beauteous nymph.  I haunted the Vatican, and stood
surrounded by marble forms of divine beauty.  Each stone deity was
possessed by sacred gladness, and the eternal fruition of love.
They looked on me with unsympathising complacency, and often in
wild accents I reproached them for their supreme indifference--for
they were human shapes, the human form divine was manifest in each
fairest limb and lineament.  The perfect moulding brought with it
the idea of colour and motion; often, half in bitter mockery, half
in self-delusion, I clasped their icy proportions, and, coming
between Cupid and his Psyche's lips, pressed the unconceiving

I endeavoured to read.  I visited the libraries of Rome.  I
selected a volume, and, choosing some sequestered, shady nook, on
the banks of the Tiber, or opposite the fair temple in the Borghese
Gardens, or under the old pyramid of Cestius, I endeavoured to
conceal me from myself, and immerse myself in the subject traced on
the pages before me.  As if in the same soil you plant nightshade
and a myrtle tree, they will each appropriate the mould, moisture,
and air administered, for the fostering their several properties--
so did my grief find sustenance, and power of existence, and
growth, in what else had been divine manna, to feed radiant
meditation.  Ah! while I streak this paper with the tale of what my
so named occupations were--while I shape the skeleton of my days--
my hand trembles--my heart pants, and my brain refuses to lend
expression, or phrase, or idea, by which to image forth the veil of
unutterable woe that clothed these bare realities.  O, worn and
beating heart, may I dissect thy fibres, and tell how in each
unmitigable misery, sadness dire, repinings, and despair, existed?
May I record my many ravings--the wild curses I hurled at torturing
nature--and how I have passed days shut out from light and food--
from all except the burning hell alive in my own bosom?

I was presented, meantime, with one other occupation, the one best
fitted to discipline my melancholy thoughts, which strayed
backwards, over many a ruin, and through many a flowery glade, even
to the mountain recess, from which in early youth I had first

During one of my rambles through the habitations of Rome, I found
writing materials on a table in an author's study.  Parts of a
manuscript lay scattered about.  It contained a learned
disquisition on the Italian language; one page an unfinished
dedication to posterity, for whose profit the writer had sifted and
selected the niceties of this harmonious language--to whose
everlasting benefit he bequeathed his labours.

I also will write a book, I cried--for whom to read?--to whom
dedicated?  And then with silly flourish (what so capricious and
childish as despair?)  I wrote,

                  TO THE ILLUSTRIOUS DEAD.
                  BEHOLD THE HISTORY OF THE
                          LAST MAN.

Yet, will not this world be re-peopled, and the children of a saved
pair of lovers, in some to me unknown and unattainable seclusion,
wandering to these prodigious relics of the ante-pestilential race,
seek to learn how beings so wondrous in their achievements, with
imaginations infinite, and powers godlike, had departed from their
home to an unknown country?

I will write and leave in this most ancient city, this "world's
sole monument," a record of these things.  I will leave a monument
of the existence of Verney, the Last Man.  At first I thought only
to speak of plague, of death, and last, of desertion; but I
lingered fondly on my early years, and recorded with sacred zeal
the virtues of my companions.  They have been with me during the
fulfilment of my task.  I have brought it to an end--I lift my eyes
from my paper--again they are lost to me.  Again I feel that I am

A year has passed since I have been thus occupied.  The seasons
have made their wonted round, and decked this eternal city in a
changeful robe of surpassing beauty.  A year has passed; and I no
longer guess at my state or my prospects--loneliness is my
familiar, sorrow my inseparable companion.  I have endeavoured to
brave the storm--I have endeavoured to school myself to fortitude--
I have sought to imbue myself with the lessons of wisdom.  It will
not do.  My hair has become nearly grey--my voice, unused now to
utter sound, comes strangely on my ears.  My person, with its human
powers and features, seem to me a monstrous excrescence of nature.
How express in human language a woe human being until this hour
never knew!  How give intelligible expression to a pang none but I
could ever understand!--No one has entered Rome.  None will ever
come.  I smile bitterly at the delusion I have so long nourished,
and still more, when I reflect that I have exchanged it for another
as delusive, as false, but to which I now cling with the same fond

Winter has come again; and the gardens of Rome have lost their
leaves--the sharp air comes over the Campagna, and has driven its
brute inhabitants to take up their abode in the many dwellings of
the deserted city--frost has suspended the gushing fountains--and
Trevi has stilled her eternal music.  I had made a rough
calculation, aided by the stars, by which I endeavoured to
ascertain the first day of the new year.  In the old out-worn age,
the Sovereign Pontiff was used to go in solemn pomp, and mark the
renewal of the year by driving a nail in the gate of the temple of
Janus.  On that day I ascended St. Peter's, and carved on its
topmost stone the ra 2100, last year of the world!

My only companion was a dog, a shaggy fellow, half water and half
shepherd's dog, whom I found tending sheep in the Campagna.  His
master was dead, but nevertheless he continued fulfilling his
duties in expectation of his return.  If a sheep strayed from the
rest, he forced it to return to the flock, and sedulously kept off
every intruder.  Riding in the Campagna I had come upon his sheep-
walk, and for some time observed his repetition of lessons learned
from man, now useless, though unforgotten.  His delight was
excessive when he saw me.  He sprung up to my knees; he capered
round and round, wagging his tail, with the short, quick bark of
pleasure: he left his fold to follow me, and from that day has
never neglected to watch by and attend on me, showing boisterous
gratitude whenever I caressed or talked to him.  His pattering
steps and mine alone were heard, when we entered the magnificent
extent of nave and aisle of St. Peter's.  We ascended the myriad
steps together, when on the summit I achieved my design, and in
rough figures noted the date of the last year.  I then turned to
gaze on the country, and to take leave of Rome.  I had long
determined to quit it, and I now formed the plan I would adopt for
my future career, after I had left this magnificent abode.

A solitary being is by instinct a wanderer, and that I would
become.  A hope of amelioration always attends on change of place,
which would even lighten the burthen of my life.  I had been a fool
to remain in Rome all this time: Rome noted for Malaria, the famous
caterer for death.  But it was still possible, that, could I visit
the whole extent of earth, I should find in some part of the wide
extent a survivor.  Methought the sea-side was the most probable
retreat to be chosen by such a one.  If left alone in an inland
district, still they could not continue in the spot where their
last hopes had been extinguished; they would journey on, like me,
in search of a partner for their solitude, till the watery barrier
stopped their further progress.

To that water--cause of my woes, perhaps now to be their cure, I
would betake myself.  Farewell, Italy!--farewell, thou ornament of
the world, matchless Rome, the retreat of the solitary one during
long months!--to civilized life--to the settled home and succession
of monotonous days, farewell!  Peril will now be mine; and I hail
her as a friend--death will perpetually cross my path, and I will
meet him as a benefactor; hardship, inclement weather, and
dangerous tempests will be my sworn mates.  Ye spirits of storm,
receive me! ye powers of destruction, open wide your arms, and
clasp me for ever! if a kinder power have not decreed another end,
so that after long endurance I may reap my reward, and again feel
my heart beat near the heart of another like to me.

Tiber, the road which is spread by nature's own hand, threading her
continent, was at my feet, and many a boat was tethered to the
banks.  I would with a few books, provisions, and my dog, embark in
one of these and float down the current of the stream into the sea;
and then, keeping near land, I would coast the beauteous shores and
sunny promontories of the blue Mediterranean, pass Naples, along
Calabria, and would dare the twin perils of Scylla and Charybdis;
then, with fearless aim, (for what had I to lose?) skim ocean's
surface towards Malta and the further Cyclades.  I would avoid
Constantinople, the sight of whose well-known towers and inlets
belonged to another state of existence from my present one; I would
coast Asia Minor, and Syria, and, passing the seven-mouthed Nile,
steer northward again, till losing sight of forgotten Carthage and
deserted Libya, I should reach the pillars of Hercules.  And then--
no matter where--the oozy caves, and soundless depths of ocean may
be my dwelling, before I accomplish this long-drawn voyage, or the
arrow of disease find my heart as I float singly on the weltering
Mediterranean; or, in some place I touch at, I may find what I seek--
a companion; or if this may not be--to endless time, decrepit and
grey headed--youth already in the grave with those I love--the lone
wanderer will still unfurl his sail, and clasp the tiller--and,
still obeying the breezes of heaven, for ever round another and
another promontory, anchoring in another and another bay, still
ploughing seedless ocean, leaving behind the verdant land of native
Europe, adown the tawny shore of Africa, having weathered the
fierce seas of the Cape, I may moor my worn skiff in a creek,
shaded by spicy groves of the odorous islands of the far Indian

These are wild dreams.  Yet since, now a week ago, they came on me,
as I stood on the height of St. Peter's, they have ruled my
imagination.  I have chosen my boat, and laid in my scant stores.
I have selected a few books; the principal are Homer and
Shakespeare--But the libraries of the world are thrown open to me--
and in any port I can renew my stock.  I form no expectation of
alteration for the better; but the monotonous present is
intolerable to me.  Neither hope nor joy are my pilots--restless
despair and fierce desire of change lead me on.  I long to grapple
with danger, to be excited by fear, to have some task, however
slight or voluntary, for each day's fulfilment.  I shall witness
all the variety of appearance, that the elements can assume--I
shall read fair augury in the rainbow--menace in the cloud--some
lesson or record dear to my heart in everything.  Thus around the
shores of deserted earth, while the sun is high, and the moon waxes
or wanes, angels, the spirits of the dead, and the ever-open eye of
the Supreme, will behold the tiny bark, freighted with Verney--the


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